Row by Row Garden Show

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Join Greg and Travis from Hoss Tools for the Row by Row Garden Show. Their weekly vegetable gardening show focuses on content for people who like to grow their own food. Greg and Travis discuss current gardening trends, best varieties to plant, tips and tricks for improving your harvest, and much mo…

Greg and Travis

Norman Park, GA


    • Jan 27, 2023 LATEST EPISODE
    • weekly NEW EPISODES
    • 35m AVG DURATION
    • 329 EPISODES


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    Latest episodes from Row by Row Garden Show

    Row by Row Episode 234: New Irrigation Kits for 2023

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 27, 2023 35:34


    Join Us! Tonight, we're discussing our new irrigation kits for the new year of 2023! Let's Grow Together!Raised Bed Irrigation Kit: Our Raised Bed Irrigation Kit contains everything you need to water your raised bed gardens in the most effective and environmentally friendly way. Drip irrigation allows you to use less water while watering more effectively. This is because you are only placing water directly where your plants need it - at the roots. Because you're not watering the leaves, disease pressure and pest pressure will be greatly reduced. This kit will support 8 (4 ft. by 8 ft.) raised beds with 4 feet between them.Raised Bed Irrigation Kit Includes:2- 100 ft. roll 1/4 tubing with emitters1 – 20 PSI Filter Regulator Combo1 – Figure 8 End Clamp1 – Green Hole Punch20 – Goof Plugs10-transfer barbs2 – 50 ft. 1/4″ tubing40 – 1/4″ elbows10 – 1/4″ flow valve10 – 1/4″ tees1 -30ft mainline tubing100 – Tubing Stakes10 – Garden Wire PinsRaised Bed Irrigation Kit Requirements:Water hose – connects to a 3/4″ water hose or 3/4″ spigot.Pressure – PSI should be below 50 psi and 8 gallons per minute. Requires a flow rate between 0.4 to 8 gallons per minute. To calculate your flow rate, simply record the time (in minutes that it takes to fill a 5-gallon bucket with water. Then divide 5 by the time above to obtain your gallon-per-minute rate. For example, if it takes 30 seconds (0.5 minutes) to fill a 5-gallon bucket, your flow rate is 10 gallons per minute because:5 gal / 0.5 min = 10 gal/minRow length – Our tubing can be used on a maximum row length of 30 ft. at 20 psi. We don't recommend using rows longer than 30 feet. If rows are too long, water will not be equally distributed throughout the tubing along the row.Row number – With a flow rate of 5 gallons per minute, our tubing can support 300 feet of tubing. That's the equivalent of 30 rows that are 10 feet long. To calculate how much tubing your system can support, first calculate your flow rate based on the example above. For example, if your flow rate is 8 gallons per minute, the maximum length of tape your system can support is 480 feet. The flow rate on the tubing is 0.5 gallons per emitter per hour. The emitter spacing is 6″. Flow rate per foot/1 gallon per hour. Small Drip Irrigation Kit: Our Small Drip Irrigation Kit contains everything your need to water your vegetable garden in the most effective and environmentally friendly way. Drip irrigation allows you to use less water while watering more effectively. This is because you are only placing water directly where your plants need it – at the roots. Because you're not watering the leaves, disease pressure and pest pressure will be greatly reduced.Small Drip Irrigation Kit Includes:1 – 30 ft. roll of mainline tubing1 – 100 ft. roll 1/4 tubing with emitters1 – 20 PSI Filter Regulator Combo1 – Figure 8 End Clamp1 – Green Hole Punch10 – Transfer Barbs10 – Goof Plugs32 – garden pinsSmall Drip Kit Irrigation Kit Requirements:Water hose – connects to a 3/4″ water hose or 3/4″ spigot.Pressure – PSI should be below 50 psi and 8 gallons per minute. Requires a flow rate between 0.4 to 8 gallons per minute. To calculate your flow rate, simply record the time (in minutes that it takes to fill a 5-gallon bucket with water. Then divide 5 by the time above to obtain your gallon-per-minute rate. For example, if it takes 30 seconds (0.5 minutes) to fill a 5-gallon bucket, your flow rate is 10 gallons per minute because:5 gal / 0.5 min = 10 gal/minRow length – Our tubing can be used on a maximum row length of 30 ft. at 20 psi. We don't recommend using rows longer than 30 feet. If rows are too long, water will not be equally distributed throughout the tubing along the row.Row number – With a flow rate of 5 gallons per minute, our tubing can support 300 feet of tubing. That's the equivalent of 30 rows that are 10 feet long. To calculate how much tubing your system can support, first calculate your flow rate based on the example above.

    Row by Row Episode 233: Tips and Tricks For Growing Potatoes

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 20, 2023 36:29


    Spring Potato Planting                         7 Types of Potatoes: Russet  Red  White  yellow  Blue/Purple  Fingerling Petite Early, Midseason, Late Season Potatoes: Early Season Potatoes will get to full maturity usually in than 90 days or less. Midseason Potato Varieties will take 100+ days to mature. Late Season Potatoes need 110 days or more to reach full maturity.  Determinate and Indeterminate Potatoes:  The difference between the two types is that indeterminate potatoes tend to grow upward and have multiple layers as the plant grows and more soil gets added around the plant. Indeterminate varieties are better suited for those who are choosing to grow your potatoes in containers. Schedule by Zone Soil temperature and maturation timing is extremely important in growing your potatoes. Ideally, you want to get your seeds in the ground 2-4 weeks before the last frost in Spring.  https://hosstools.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/Hoss-Zones-Chart-Animation.mp4 Zone 10 January 15 – 31Zone 9 February 1 – 15Zone 8 February 15 – 28Zone 7 March 1 – 15Zone 6 March 15 – 31Zone 5 April  1 – 30Zone 4 April 15 – May 15Zone 3 May   Growing Potatoes in Containers: Potatoes are very well suited to grow in containers and make an excellent choice for small space gardens. While the process of growing potatoes in containers is similar to that of in-ground or raised bed planting, there are some differences in the process. Depending on the size of your container, fill it with 4-6 inches of prepared soil and place it in full sun. Your seed potatoes need a good bit of room to grow so be sure and get the correct plant spacing. For example, our 15 gallon root pouch can comfortably grow 4 potato plants and give the root structure plenty of room for a big harvest. The same way that in-ground and raised bed planting requires hilling, container planted potatoes require the same treatment, called layering. As the plant grows, you will continually add soil to the top of the plant to cover the new stems at the bottom until the container is full of soil.  Check out our growing guide for more detailed information.   Our Potato Varieties: Irish Cobbler Potato- Irish Cobbler Potato is an heirloom variety introduced in the 1870s. Great for mashed potatoes and potato soups! Brick-shaped potatoes with deep eyes. Determinate. Early season maturity, 80 days. Red Norland Potato- Red Norland Potato is a “new potato” variety that has been selected for darker skin color and excellent storage. Great for boiling and roasting. Resistant to scab and late blight. Solanum tuberosum. Determinate. Early season, 85 days. Kennebec White Potato- Kennebec White Potato is the gold standard for frying potatoes. Dark brown skin with ivory white interior. High starch content makes for great storage. A great all-around potato! Solanum tuberosum. Determinate. Mid season maturity, 90 days. Yukon Gold Potato- Yukon Gold Potato is one of the most popular and versatile potato varieties. Medium to large-sized potatoes with tan skin and buttery-yellow flesh. Solanum tuberosum. Determinate. Mid season maturity, 100 days. German Butterball Potato- German Butterball Potato is a medium to large russet-style potato with a buttery-yellow flesh. One of the best-tasting varieties you can grow. Excellent storage. Solanum tuberosum. Indeterminate. Late-season variety, 110-135 days. Viking Potato- Viking Potato has a beautiful, mottled-red exterior with a creamy white interior. Compact plants produce loads of 2 lb potatoes that store very well. Solanum tuberosum. Determinate. Early season maturity, 90 days. French Fingerling Potato- French Fingerling Potato is one of the best-tasting potatoes you'll ever have. Elongated potatoes have red skin with a buttery-yellow inside that's scattered with red flecks. Solanum tuberosum. Indeterminate. Mid to late season maturity, 100 days. Austrian Crescent Potato- Austrian Crescent Potato is a large fingerling potato with a golden-yellow fles...

    Row by Row Episode 232: Gardening In January

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 13, 2023 31:21


    It's January! A new year and new gardening goals! Tonight, Greg and Sheila discuss more new products that are available on the website now, some upcoming new products, and what you should be doing or should you just be preparing. Let's talk gardening in January. How to fight cabin fever! Let's Grow Together! Gardening In January Garden Tasks Getting "cabin fever" is understandable this time of year. It's cold outside, you're stuck inside and you're itching for spring! Don't be fooled if there are a few warm days that pop up, you don't want to get started too early. Figure out your planting dates: last frost date minus 6-8 weeks for transplants (consider germination time and hardening off). You'll want to schedule out succession planting on a calendar rather than sowing everything all at once, sow a little at a time. A good rule of thumb is to spread out your zucchini, squash, cucumbers, etc. instead of having an explosion of vegetables all at once. Can Anything Be Planted Now For An Early Spring Garden? Yes, you can grow now (depending on your zone, of course), we're talking Zone 8 and higher here. From seed: mustards, turnips, and collards are a good choice! You can start more English and Snap peas, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Kohlrabi, or Broccoli to transplant. Soil Testing, Review Notes You'll want to review any notes you took last year or from your growing season(s). What did well, what didn't? What new varieties are you going to try this year? Check out our NEW FOR 2023 seeds! Check Your Inventory Another important tip - your seed inventory and prepare your order, some years there are seed shortages on certain crops so you want to make sure you order in time. Prepare! Prepare! It's time to start cleaning up that garden. You'll want to cultivate, weed, and clean up. Top-dress the soil with organic matter/compost. Tarp it if needed and forget about it! Product of the Week SEED POTATOES NEW FOR 2023 Hoss All-In-One Fertilizer Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/IYmWGAm4L2k

    Row by Row Episode 231: NEW Seeds for 2023

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 6, 2023 31:05


    It's now the beginning of 2023 and it's the first episode of the year! To start us off right, we have some new seed varieties and collections this year!  New Seeds for 2023: Hossinator Bell Pepper:  is a hybrid, bell pepper variety with great disease resistance, has consistent production and is widely adapted to all growing regions. A great organic variety.  It produces consistent yields of extra-large, uniform fruits that average 5″ long by 4″ wide. Fruits have a blocky appearance and thick walls. This variety produces large fruit and is a large plant type. Hossinator Bell Pepper is known for its continuous setting ability which makes it a great variety for long-term production throughout the warm growing season. Prolific plants have an extensive cover to protect fruits from sunburn. Hossinator Slicer Cucumber:  is a hybrid, great southern slicing cucumber with a comprehensive disease-resistance package. Extremely prolific. A great variety for both spring and fall.  This slicing variety is resistant to just about any disease that could plague cucumbers. In addition to the disease resistance, the Hossinator Slicer has a vigorous, strong plant with hardy skin with fruits that average 8.4″ long and have an excellent texture and flavor. A refreshing choice for platters and salads, perfect for the home grower, and market gardeners. Hossinator Slicer Cucumber is a monoecious variety, meaning it produces both male and female flowers.  Hossinator Jalapeno Pepper:  is a hybrid, moderate heat jalapeno pepper that offers growers a unique combination of size, quality, pungency, yield potential, and earliness. This variety produces very large fruit, and has moderate cracking; it is widely adaptive to most growing regions. This popular pepper has very consistent high fruit quality that delivers fruits with good size, smooth exterior with a dark green color. Plants will grow to 3-4′ tall and produce thick-walled fruits that are 3-4″ long. If left on the plant, fruits will mature from green to red. red jalapeños, which are also called “chipotles”, are more flavorful than the green fruits. Texas Grano 502 Onion: is a short-day, open-pollinated variety that features white flesh and straw-colored skin. Its mild and sweet flavor gives it excellent eating quality and has been known as the “eat it like an apple” onion. It produces a large round, globe-shaped onion. The Texas Grano 502 grows especially well in Southern climates and is widely used for winter onion production. Sweet flavor and stores well for months. Supersweet 100 Cherry Tomato: is an open-pollinated, indeterminate cherry variety that produces extremely, heavy clusters of super sweet cherry tomatoes. It is a favorite for home gardeners!  Vigorous plants produce heavy yields of 1-1.5″ round cherry tomatoes that grow in clusters of 15-25. The clusters make these easy to harvest, although you'll probably eat them all before you get inside! Plants are prolific and will continually produce tomatoes until the first frost in fall. These can be grown on a paneled trellis in a larger garden, but they also make a great patio plant. You can even plant them in a hanging pot and let them dangle towards the ground for easy harvesting. Great for snacking and salads! Aspabroc Broccoli : also known as, broccolini in the produce section of your local grocery, resembles a broccoli raab with an asparagus-like stem and offers a sweet, mild taste and a slight peppery undertone. You get to capture the savory flavor of asparagus and broccoli in one plant; the whole plant is edible! This cut-and-come again, hybrid variety is easy to grow and requires very little space. Aspabroc is great for container growing. Great for roasting, boiling, sautéing, and steaming! 50-60 days to maturity. Aspabroc is a cross between two types of broccoli: Chinese Kale (or Gia Lan) and Italian Sprouting developed in the 1990s Burgundy Broccoli: stunning, hybrid broccoli variety that has beautiful deep purple f...

    Row by Row Episode 229: Cold-Tolerant Plants

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 27, 2022 25:22


    It's getting cooler, even where we are in Zone 8b in SW Georgia. We're getting ready for Christmas and still harvesting from the garden. Tonight, we're discussing some of our favorite cold-tolerant plants to grow in the garden. There are those that are cold-tolerant but can't survive a hard frost, there are those that can do both. Let's discuss and grow together! Things To Keep In Mind When Growing Cold-Tolerant Plants Know the Average Frost Date for your zone (USDA site) light frost 34-32, hard frost below 32 (water in those cells turns to ice, which expands and bursts the cell walls of the plant, plants look sad and wilted) Variables that can affect: Wind, Humidity, size of the plant, soil moisture, mulching, row covers Soil Moisture: water has high specific heat and takes more energy to freeze water, dry soil is the enemy. Size of Plant: more mature plants and those that harden off do better. Mulching can protect the plants as well row covers can make them colder tolerant and protect them from freeze damage. Some will become sweeter and more delicious when they go through a frost. Plants That Will Not Survive A Frost Basil, beans, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, melons, okra, peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, summer squash, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, and tomatillos. Most Cold-Tolerant Plants: Hard Frost While we know that there are many plants that we can't grow in the colder months (list above) due to the risk of frost but there are quite a few vegetables that you can grow and will survive cold weather! Check out the list below! Carrots - roots are more tolerant than tops. Carrot roots can take down to 0 degrees, while the tops can take down to 18 degrees. You'll want to mulch for more protection. Fun fact: the cooler temps make the roots sweeter. Garlic - they actually really need cold temperatures and can take down to 0 degrees. Beets/Chard - these vegetables can take down to 15 degrees Brussels Sprouts - can handle temps down to 0 degrees, these also need cold temperatures Collards - this truly depends on the variety, some varieties can tolerate down to 0 degrees Spinach - spinach can take temperatures down to 20 degrees. Leeks, Chives & Parsnips - these two varieties can also take temps down to 0 degrees Onions - short-day onions can take temperatures down to 20 degrees, except for Walla-Walla or green onions, which can take much colder temps Kale - most, if not all, Kale varieties can take temps down to 10 degrees Kohlrabi - kohlrabi can take down to 15 degrees Moderate Cold/Frost Tolerant Broccoli & Cauliflower will do ok with moderate cold temps but the heads can get spongy at times. If the heads are present. you will need to cover or harvest. Cabbage can take up to lows of 25 degrees, the heads have been known to bust if it freezes. The following varieties are great in moderately cold temperatures, cilantro, mustard, turnips, rutabagas, radishes, fava beans, and some lettuces that are bread for cold tolerance. Cover Crops Our most cold-tolerant cover crop is Winter Rye, this variety can tolerate temperatures bottoming out at -30 degrees!! Frosty Berseem Clover is another variety that can survive pretty harsh temps of -20 degrees in the winter months. Hairy Vetch can typically handle down to -15 degrees, Australian Winter peas down to -10 degrees, Crimson Clover down to 0 degrees, and Daikon Radish down to 10 degrees. Product of the Week GIFT CERTIFICATES SEED POTATOES COVER CROPS Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/HPgvS8BGMIA

    Row by Row Episode 228: Gardening In Canada

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 16, 2022 32:53


    Tonight, we've got Ryan Thiessen of Thiessen Tillage on the show. Thiessen Tillage is our Canadian Dealer, if you are in Canada, be sure to order your garden tools from them for quick delivery. (link below) Hoss and Ryan are talking about gardening in Canada and the differences, the best garden tools to use, and much more! Let's Grow Together! Thiessen Tillage Equipment - Gardening In Canada Are you gardening in Canada and want some Hoss garden tools? Check out our Canadian Dealer! Thiessen Tillage Tilmor Farm Equipment Ryan also works with Tilmor (which is a fairly new company) in developing farming and tillage equipment for the small farmer, as well as the home gardener. He develops most of the implements for the larger equipment at Tilmor and Thiessen Tillage is a dealer of Tilmor Equipment. Be sure to check out their website! What Is A Power Ox? Because the Power Ox 240 is the next generation of two-wheel tractors, it is designed with the small farmer in mind. Its spotlight features are a throttle control handle, Honda GX120 Engine, and a robust drive system. It has a 13.5" ground clearance, quick handle height adjustment, and 4" wide bar tires. It has three-width settings on the main frame. Hoss has a Power Ox and highly recommends them. It has got a great cultivation experience. Check it out here! The finger weeder is an attachment for the Power Ox walk-behind tractor, plus it is the newest attachment that is used a lot in organic farming. Specifically designed for in-row cultivation and it uproots small and just emerging weeds. The attachment is suitable for most small crops planted in rows with (at least) 9 inches between each row and it is very effective on light to medium-heavy clay soils. It is also best when combined with implements such as vegetable knives or spyders that run in front. The weeder attachment has a ground-engaging steel drive plate that turns the flexible polyurethane fingers at a faster speed. Check it out here! Product of the Week SEED POTATOES WHEEL HOES Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/lPnKS3OrxQA

    Row by Row Episode 227: Gifts For Gardeners

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 9, 2022 28:09


    With Christmas on the way, we know this can be a stressful time of year for many reasons. Don't let gift-giving be one of those reasons. Let's talk gifts for gardeners. We've got so many ideas for you for the gardener in your life. There's something for everyone! Get Dirty! Gifts For Gardeners Root Pouch Grow Bags Root Pouch Grow Bags are seriously the best grow bags we've found and used. They're made from recycled plastic water bottles, the best part - is they're reusable, UV-resistant, BPA-free, and non-toxic! Plus they come in several different sizes! Don't have the land to grow? Grow in grow bags! Check them out! Push Pull Hoe With its unique V-shaped design, this garden hoe allows you to weed more effectively and efficiently with a push-pull motion. MADE IN THE USA $74.99 Garden Hod The Garden Hod is a multifunctional harvesting bucket that allows you to harvest and rinse your vegetables all in one container. Constructed with weather-resistant wood and heavy-duty mesh wire. MADE IN THE USA! $59.99 Pruning Shears Our Hoss Pruning Shears are simply the best! Perfect for trimming fruit trees, pruning vegetable and flower plants, and harvesting thick-stemmed vegetables like winter squash or pumpkins. Super-sharp blade with locking aluminum handles, a shock absorption system, and a sap groove to prevent the blade from sticking. $39.99 TubTrug Bundle (4 pack) The TubTrug Bundle is a collection of our favorite UV-resistant, virtually indestructible harvesting containers. Includes TubTrug Colander, Medium TubTrug, Small TubTrug, and Mini Shallow Tubtrug. Colors may vary. $69.99 Hoe Dag Tool Kit Our Hoe Dag Tool Kit includes everything you need to plant, weed, and cultivate your raised bed or container garden. Includes the Hoe Dag, Hand Rake and Hand Shovel. All tools have high-carbon steel blades, and seasoned hardwood handles and are built to last a lifetime! $89.99 Complete Fermentation Kit The Complete Fermentation Kit has everything you need to start fermenting your own vegetables today. Includes Pickle Packer Jar Tamper, Pickle Pipe Fermentation Lids, Pickle Pebble Fermentation Weights, and Instructional Booklet. $59.99 Seed Collections Pollinator, Herb, Heirloom, Cool Season, Fresh Salad, Cog Hill Farm Sunflower Collection. Light Kits Kitchen Garden Light Kit: $99.99 Indoor Seed Starting Light Kit: $199.99 Microgreen Indoor Starter Kit: $276.99 Hanging Grow Light Kit: $199.99 Seed Starting Kits 24 Cell Seed Starting Kit: $39.99 48 Cell Seed Starting Kit: $49.99 Deluxe Seed Starting Kit: $74.99 Premium Seed Starting Kit: $109.99 Product of the Week Light Kits Pruners Seed Collections Root Pouch Grow Bags Garden Hod Push Pull Hoe Complete Fermintation Kit Hoe Dag Tool Kit Seed Starting Kits Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/YW_-iDDkcOY

    Row by Row Episode 226: Gardening In December

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 2, 2022 28:55


    December is arguably the quietest month in the garden but there is still much to do and prepare for. Tonight, we're discussing December garden chores, what you can be planting, our garden updates, and more. Let's Grow Together and talk about Gardening In December. Gardening in December Prune and Trim If you have fruit trees, bushes, shrubs, or roses, now's the time to cut off dead branches and trim for shape. It's easier to see what and where to prune in the winter when there's less foliage. Protect Fragile Plants Most plants can weather the colder months just fine, but some need a layer of added protection. Spring-blooming shrubs such as azaleas and rhododendron, fragile blooms including dahlias, and citrus trees are some plants that could use an extra layer in the winter. Mulch Gardeners add mulch in the spring to prevent weeds and lock in moisture, but mulch is also important in the winter. A layer of straw as mulch protects the soil from temperature fluctuations so that the ground stays frozen—and the plants. Continue To Compost Yes, decomposition slows down in winter, but there's no reason to stop composting. When warm weather rolls around, your compost will start cooking again. Turn Off Sprinklers To prevent frozen pipes, shut off the water supply to the sprinklers. If you have an automatic irrigation system, shut down the controller. Make sure to empty and store hoses so they don't crack from freezing temperatures. Order Seeds Companies start sending out seed catalogs or putting their new seed varieties on their websites around December, just in time for some couch gardening! Make sure you spend time planning out your spring garden, then get a head start by actually ordering those seeds before they run out. Prepare Your Tools Take inventory of all your gardening tools. Replace or fix broken items, clean tools, and sharpen blades. When warmer weather rolls around, you'll be ready to roll. Plant Flowers/Trees/Fruit Trees Pansies, violas, cyclamen, ivy, and heather are all great plants for a winter display. Sweet Peas can be sown from October to March. Planting them now gives you a better chance of having strong healthy plants when spring arrives. If you'd like to add some roses to your garden, bare-root plants are a cost-effective way to do it – and now's the ideal time of year to get hold of them. You can plant bare-root roses from November to March, while they are in their dormant phase. Plant Bare Root, blackberries, blueberries, and Hedges: early winter is a good time to plant bare-root trees and hedges, as this is when they are in a dormant state. You can also plant pot-grown trees now. You can also grow herbs indoors throughout winter. Product of the Week Light Kits Pruners Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/XTuuW_E1iNk

    Row by Row Episode 224: Importance of Native Plants

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 18, 2022 20:21


    Why are we talking about native plants? Well, we took a quick trip up the road from us to the Agrirama in Tifton, Georgia. We met with the President, Mary Alic Applegate, of the Coastal Plain Chapter. Their mission is to educate the public about the importance of native plants to our health and well-being as well as to pollinators and other wildlife. They also strive to promote the conservation and preservation of our native plant habitats by encouraging the planting of native plants in landscapes, woodlands, parks, and gardens. Let's talk about the importance of native plants. https://cpcgnps.org/ What is a Native Plant? Those plants which have inhabited a particular region for thousands of years are arguably plants that were present in a particular area prior to European settlement. Grown naturally in a particular region without direct or indirect human intervention. Why Choose Native Plants? low-maintenance eco-friendly to your area easy to grow easy to get (local nurseries) Why Establish Native Plant/Wildflower Areas? Native plants support native insects like butterflies, moths, and bees in ways that non-native plants cannot – through the food chain. Native insects, in turn, help bring in more native birds, lizards, toads, and turtles. . Wildflowers and native plant areas help support crop pollinators when crops are not in the fields. This has a major impact on our farming communities. Whether you are designing a new landscape or renovating your existing landscape, there is a wide array of native plants for every location and each landscape situation. By planting native plants, you not only will be perpetuating ecological diversity and providing wildlife habitat, but you will also be leaving a living legacy to your children and future generations. Benefits of Native Plants Native plants are healthier and stronger. They help the environment and help create wildlife habitats in your backyard. Most of them are low maintenance and add splendor to your landscape. With so many colors, textures, varying heights, and bloom times; it can give a stunning display over multiple seasons. Product of the Week Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/qcqeFhTuLTY

    Row by Row Episode 223: ALL ABOUT ONIONS!

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 27:07


    Our short-day onion plants have officially arrived at Hoss HQ!! Since we are starting to ship out our onion bundles, we feel like this is a relevant topic, yet again! Knowing the type of onion to grow, spacing, irrigation, and more, it's all about onions tonight! Grow The Right Onions For Your Area Short day (bulbs when day length reaches 10-12 hours) Intermediate (bulbs when day length reaches 12-13 hours) Long day (bulbs when day length reaches 14-16 hours) Onion Phases In the vegetative phase where they are producing green leaves, all energy is focused on growing the green tops Bulbing phase: when the day length reaches a certain length, they start bulbing. All About Onions - Nutrient Inputs Before transplanting: Complete Organic fertilizer 2 weeks post planting: 20-20-20 4 weeks post planting: 20-20-20 and micro boost - Alternating with Ammonium Sulfate Bulbing: stop fertilizers 3 Big Secrets To Big Sweet Onions Water requirements/irrigation Nutrition: Plant the right type for your area *Keep weeds under control, b/w rows with wheel hoe weekly *Between plants with Single time cultivator. *Sulfur gives the plant the onion flavor * Correct amount of water gives them the sweetness CHECK OUT OUR ONION-GROWING GUIDE! Product of the Week Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q5xcFc_ifIA

    Row by Row Episode 222: Gardening In November

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 4, 2022 23:35


    It's November! What should you be doing in the garden this month? Is there anything to even be doing? Let's talk gardening in November, based on your zone you may need a more ardent winterizing strategy than others. You should always know your hardiness zone! Find it here at Hoss University. The Basics of Gardening In November - for every zone Bring tender plants inside, and cover vulnerable plants (remember to take off when the threat of frost passes so they do not overheat) Clean out annual vegetables and flowers. Some may harbor disease, pests, and funguses. Many bacteria and pest eggs can overwinter in debris, and they will take over your healthy plants once spring arrives. Remove weeds: Like plants, weeds left in the garden through winter can host many pests eggs, and pathogens. Soil Test: Nutrients: Lime, Potassium, Phosphorus, Nitrogen Amend your soil for Spring: Manure, compost, and organic fertilizers Plant Cover Crops: Helps prevent soil erosion, break up compacted areas, increase levels of organic matter, add nutrients Replenish Mulch: Helps regulate soil temperatures and moisture, and protects crops from frost, added mulch breaks down, and incorporates fresh organic material into the soil. Tarp Clean and Sharpen Tools: Shut off irrigation systems when a freeze is indicated Zone 9 The weather is mild in USDA plant hardiness zone 9, and gardeners can grow nearly any delicious vegetable without the worry of hard winter freezes. All of November: Still plant your cold crops: Brassicas(transplants), Direct seed Spinach, Mustard, Turnips, Carrots, Beets, Radishes, Rutabagas, English Peas, lettuce, Kohlrabi, Kale, Strawberries, Elephant Garlic, Onion Starts, Plant till the end of November. USDA Zone 8 First of November: Still plant your cold crops: Brassicas(transplants), Direct seed Spinach, Mustard, Turnips, Carrots, Beets, Radishes, Rutabagas, English Peas, lettuce, Kohlrabi, Kale, Strawberries, Elephant Garlic, Onion Starts, Plant till end of November. Cover Crops Zone 7 Cole crops like Brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, collards, and kale are made sweeter by frost so harvest them as long as possible. You can also use a cold frame or put up a low tunnel to extend the season. Last chance to plant garlic! Be ready with blankets/ floating row cover fabric for covering lettuce and other half-hardy crops during the first hard freeze. The end of the month should be consistently cold enough to start applying a 2-4” layer of protective mulch Zone 6 First of November sow seeds directly outdoors for spinach, and Swiss Chard.  Winterize irrigation systems, Frost protection material on hand. Product of the Week Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/AOFcgGiZMIc

    Row by Row Episode 221: Expert Pepper Gardening Tips

    Play Episode Listen Later Oct 28, 2022 31:52


    Tonight we're joined by a special guest and friend, Pieter. Pieter has worked in the seed industry for many years and tonight, we will discuss everything peppers! From the different types of peppers, seed germination tips, soil media information, transplanting tips, and so much more! We're going to even debunk some "pepper myths"! If you want expert pepper gardening tips - you found them! Different Types of Peppers Bell Pepper Bell peppers are the most commonly grown and used by home gardeners. Every bell pepper will turn to a color - depending on the variety, most green bell peppers will turn red. It depends on when you harvest them as well. Knowing when to harvest is important, with green bell peppers you'll want the fruit to be firm. You can touch it and know if your bell peppers are mature. Red, yellow, and orange bell peppers are sweeter in taste. Poblano Pepper Just like the bell pepper, you will want to harvest it once it is firm. The poblano pepper plants can get medium to large in size, they will need room to grow. Poblano peppers tend to range from 4" to 6" long once mature. Anaheim Pepper Anaheim peppers tend to be only mildly spicy in flavor but can surprise you! They're smaller in size but look similar to the poblano pepper. They can range anywhere from 6" to 10" in length at the mature stage. They are popular in Northern Africa and are mostly harvested when green. Serrano Pepper Did you know that Serrano peppers are more widely used in Mexico than Jalapenos from a culinary perspective? It has an immediate heat, you want to harvest and consume when green. Harvest between 1" to 4" in length. It is a smaller version of the well-known jalapeno variety. Habanero Pepper We're taking it up a notch with the heat! There are so many different varieties of habanero peppers. Fun tip: choose a hybrid variety - you'll get a quicker harvest! Typically, the habanero pepper will get 1" to 2.5" in length depending on the variety you grow. Harvest once the fruit is red or orange. Cayenne Pepper Their origin is from Nothern Africa. There are longer, skinnier types and thicker varieties. The most common size once harvested is between 2" to 5" in length. The scoville heat units for the cayenne are 30,000 to 50,000 units. Mainly used when making hot sauces. Rocoto Pepper Originating from South America, it's also called an "apple pepper" due to its shape and color. Rocoto peppers are not overwhelmingly hot, scoville scale puts them around 30,000 to 75,000. Extremely flavored and should be tried by everyone at least once! Peri Peri Another pepper originating from Africa, the Peri Peri registers at 300,000 scoville units. If you like a pepper with a quick, stinging bite... this is for you! This type has a large plant but small peppers... alot of peppers! They only get 3/4" to 1 1/4" in length. Pepper Seed Germination - Expert Pepper Gardening Tips Germinating peppers can be a challenge for any gardener. Peppers take longer to germinate, so be patient. When starting pepper seeds, you always want to use a new, good soil media, one that does not hold a lot of moisture. Heat is very important when it comes to starting pepper seeds. Use a heat mat! 85 -90 degrees is the best temperature for germination. Always make sure you do not overwater! The hotter the pepper, the longer it takes to germinate. Growing Tips: Common Insects, Common Diseases Peppers can be susceptible to insect damage and a lot of different diseases. With the proper selection of disease-resistant varieties and a good pest control program, you can have success in growing healthy peppers. Some common pepper plant pests are thrips, hornworms, aphids, stink bugs, whiteflies, flea beetles, cutworms, and spider mites. Bug Buster II can treat all of these pests. Organic controls for common diseases include crop rotation and select resistant varieties. Peppers are susceptible to bacterial wilt and spot,

    Row by Row Episode 220: Growing Strawberries At Home

    Play Episode Listen Later Oct 21, 2022 32:07


    It's that time of year again, we always get excited when it's time for growing strawberries at home. Don't have a big garden? You can grow them too! Tonight, we give you tips on how you should be growing strawberries in-ground, in containers, towers, and much more! Growing Strawberries At Home Yes, there are many ways to grow strawberries at home. We've tried both in-ground and in containers, and both did well BUT did one do better than the other? Growing strawberries throughout the fall and winter months, you can grow them in USDA Hardiness Zones 6-10. Zone 6, you should plant earlier, in September to get them well established before the cold hits. In Zones 7 & 8, plant in October, and in Zones 9 & 10, plant in late October or November. The TWO Major Struggles With Growing Strawberries Weeds - They tend to take over. Using a good hand tool like the push-pull hoe is a great option for raised beds. Birds - keep the birds off the berries! Use netting or some type of cover. A fellow gardener told us she painted rocks to look like strawberries, when the birds "tried" the rocks, they realized this isn't edible, so they eventually left the actual fruit alone once it started producing. We may try that in our raised beds this year! Soil & Fertilizer Requirements Always check to make sure your pH levels are between 6.0 and 6.5. Don't stress if it's off a little. Fertilize heavy up-front, and give them plenty of food early on. Visit Hoss University for more information on fertilizer. (link below) Add complete organic about 1 week before planting. For more information like spacing and irrigation, visit the Hoss Strawberry Growing Guide! CHECK OUT THE STRAWBERRY GROWING GUIDE!! Product of the Week Elephant Garlic Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/TUUSlwU3dW4

    Row by Row Episode 219: 2022 Homesteaders of America

    Play Episode Listen Later Oct 14, 2022 17:04


    We went to Front Royal, Virginia a few days ago to the 2022 Homesteaders of America conference. We were blessed to be able to visit with old and new friends. Greg and Sheila got to meet with some of our affiliates that attended and met new homesteaders, customers, and even fans of Hoss Tools. 2022 Homesteaders of America Greg and Sheila both agreed that it was a truly magical and heartwarming experience to be able to meet and see everyone at the Homesteaders of America Conference. “We were surrounded by so many great, knowledgable people – from YouTubers, Affiliates, and Hoss Tools Family, we are truly blessed.”, Greg Says. “It was so heartwarming to be able to hug, shake hands, share stories, and finally meet a lot of these people we've known for years face to face and also add to our Hoss Tools family.”, Sheila added. We took a lot of our affiliates that were there out to dinner and had a wonderful time with everyone. They have given us much advice on how to get started in raising pigs. 4 Kids and A Farm Rachel and Aaron, from Northern California, and have 4 amazing kids. Aaron is a nurse, he could not say enough about Rachel and how she has such a major role in their homestead. We had a wonderful time talking to them and their commitment to raise their own food and be self-sustainable. They love to garden and share their knowledge about raising pigs, sheep, goats, and chickens. Plus, being in northern California, they get to grow year-round! Give them a follow here! Whispering Willow Farm Jill and Nathan are from rural Arkansas. She is a self-taught gardener, which is so amazing to see in a new generation. They have recently purchased Roots and Refuge farm and are growing quickly. Sheila really enjoys watching her videos, Jill is down to earth and has the most calming voice. Give them a follow! Stivers Homestead Zack and Gen are from the Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky. We also had the pleasure of meeting their daughter Ray Ray. They have a passion for preserving food, raising animals, homesteading, and gardening. They are known for their Calendula Salve! Great stuff. They also have an Airbnb. Tons of animals, including Kune Kune pigs. Y'all should check them out! 2 Quacks & 5 Clucks Farm Scott is one of our newest affiliates, mainly on TikTok. Scott and his wife are from Virginia. We thoroughly enjoyed meeting him. He is extremely knowledgeable in gardening and has a big following. He teaches you the easy ways to garden and gives you the skills you need. They have pasteurized chickens and a growing garden! Give him a follow! The Honeystead Kaylee from Quail Hollow Farm is a beekeeper, gardener, and forager. On her farm, she has chickens, goats, cows, honeybees, and pigs. She is extremely knowledgeable in beekeeping and has a wealth of knowledge of herbs. She spoke at the conference as well, her topic was “How to keep your bees alive and healthy through the winter.” If you are wanting to get into beekeeping, Kaylee is the one to follow! https://hosstools.com/hoss-tools-university/ Product of the Week Elephant Garlic Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/BWlXXOtj_BA

    Row by Row Episode 218: The Right Carrots For Your Soil Type

    Play Episode Listen Later Oct 10, 2022 21:36


    Carrots come in all shapes and sizes. From the small Chantenay type to the long, straight Imperator type carrot; will they grow in your garden? We're reviewing what types of carrots work best in what specific types of soils, and how to be successful growing carrots this season! GET DIRTY! So, are you growing the right carrots for your soil type? Tips For Growing Carrots: The Right Carrots For Your Soil Type You need a sunny spot, with plenty of organic matter, free of weeds, clumps, debris, and rocks. Your soil should have good drainage. Fine tilth is the desired consistency. 2 weeks prior to planting: Add complete organic fertilizer work soil every couple of daysbegin watering to condition the soil. Water before you mark off your rows.  Plant ¼ inch deep.  Very Shallow, cover with soil and water gently. Keep soil moist until seeds germinate (usually 10-20 days) Moist throughout the germination process.  Carrots take longer than most crops to germinate. Thin out in Stages, weed regularly, and water minimally after germination. Planting them thicker will help weed suppression, but will need to thin out later. Since they take longer to germinate, weeds can quickly take over outpacing the sprouts.  Must stay on top of weeds. Shapes and Types of Carrots Nantes: Blunt, great for storage, uniform and fits well into jars, almost perfectly cylindrical and smooth, great for juicing and fresh eating. Need loose, well-draining garden soil.Danvers: Bugs bunny type, broad shoulders fairly sharp taper, classic medium length.Chantenay: Short stubby, great for hard or clay soils, short, conical roots that can power through clay and rocky soils.Imperator: long slender, can pack a lot of these in small space, long roots up to 10 inches (baby carrots found in stores) Need loose deep soil. Hard, Clay Soils, Muck Soil Part 1 Scarlet Nantes Carrot is a widely-adapted variety that works great in many soil types. Great for full-size or baby carrot production. Crisp texture and sweet flavor. Broad shoulders and blunt ends. It has a cylindrical shape with very little tapering from top to bottom. This variety is well-adapted and performs nicely in a wide variety of soil types, including harder, clay soils. Envy Carrot is a hybrid variety that produces 10-12″, bright-orange carrots that grow well even in clay or muck soils. Kuroda Carrot is an heirloom, chantenay-type carrot known for its exceptional sweetness and ability to be grown in hard or rocky soils. Purple Elite Carrot is a hybrid, imperator-type carrot that produces tapered, 7-9″ carrots. Carrots have a distinct coloration with a purple exterior and a bright yellow core Chantenay Royal Carrot is an heirloom, open-pollinated variety that works great in heavy or clay soils. produces uniform carrots that are thick and chunky. Orange Blaze is a high-yield carrot that is adaptable across multiple soil conditions, muck, mineral, and deep peat. Easy to harvest, average length 9-10″ with a very smooth skin texture and bright orange color. Part 2 The Oxheart Carrot is an open-pollinated heirloom variety that hails originally from France. The stout roots have a distinct heart shape and feature a bright orange flesh and have a mild crisp texture despite their hefty size. These massive carrots have been known to weigh as much as one pound each and measure between 5-6”. This is a great variety for gardeners with heavy soils or clay soils that might usually present struggles for carrot growers. Malbec Carrot is a hybrid variety. It produces smooth, uniform 10″ long roots. A great texture with strong tops that have good tolerance to blight and bolting. A beautiful medium red in color, the small core allows consistent, rich internal color for multiple ends uses, including marketing as whole roots, sliced, or mini carrots. Danvers 126 Carrot is an open-pollinated variety with broad shoulders and a sharp taper. Performs well in all soil types.

    Row by Row Episode 217: Choosing The RIGHT Garlic To Grow

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 30, 2022 25:47


    Garlic is one of the easiest crops to grow in the home garden. You can plant a large amount in a small space, it doesn't have many pests or diseases, and it loves cold weather. In fact, it's so simple to grow that you can plant it and basically forget about it until you harvest it nine months later. Let's discuss choosing the right garlic to grow! It's the perfect vegetable for beginning gardeners because it's so forgiving; start searching early as garlic tends to sell out rather quickly. Most of the world's garlic is grown in China, and most of the garlic grown in the United States is in California. There are over 700 cultivated varieties in the world. History On Garlic In ancient times Garlic was celebrated as a source of great strength. Greek Olympians ate before competitions, Roman soldiers ate before battle, and during WW2 when penicillin was a shortage, was used on soldiers' wounds to prevent infection. Today considered a superfood, stimulating the immune system and helping to fight disease. Chemical Allicin: Reduces Blood PressureLowers CholesterolContains AntioxidantsBoost immune system Because of the combination of heart-related benefits and antioxidants, has been said to help with the prevention of Alzheimer's and dementia. (One clove twice a day) Types Of Garlic - Choosing The RIGHT Garlic To Grow Hard Neck Garlic Forms cloves around the center of the stalk have a central core. Easier to peel, Ideal for Northern climates and cold, harsher winters. Does not braid well due to the hard stalk. More Flavorful. Because the outer paper on the bulb is thinner, they won't store as long as soft neck garlic. It creates a scape that's great for stir fry, and pesto.  You need to cut this off when appears so energy will go to the bulb and not to the flower. German White garlic is a very large hard neck, porcelain type botanically classified as Allium sativum. This variety is widely grown for both its garlic scapes, which are false flower stalks that can be eaten as vegetables, and for their silvery white, papery bulbs. German White garlic is sometimes called Northern White garlic and German Extra-Hardy. German White garlic is believed to be native to northern Germany. It is a very hardy variety and grows best in climates with cooler winters, though it will grow well in any climate. Differences in the growing environment will have a direct impact on the size of the cloves. Soft Neck Garlic The mild flavor usually has more cloves but is smaller. Ideal for milder winters and fewer chill hours. Most commonly found in Grocery stores. The garlic that most of us cook with is the soft neck, so called because its neck is soft and braid-able. Soft neck garlic contains a circle of plump cloves shrouding the second circle of smaller cloves, all enveloped by many papery layers. Longer storage life, due to more layers of paper. It can be stored for up to a year. Drainage biggest issue with soft neck, needs well-drained soil, wet feet in cold wet winter causes damage Elephant Garlic Not really garlic, but technically and botanically a leek.  Looks like giant garlic. Super mild flavor, less medicinal, more bang for your buck. The very mild flavor is ideal for soups, salads, and sauces leaving no garlic aftertaste.  The cloves are milder and sweeter than true garlic varieties and have a yellow hue. Elephant garlic can have the flavor of onion and leeks mixed with soft notes of garlic. Growing Tips & Tricks - Choosing The RIGHT Garlic To Grow How much garlic to plant (1 bulb = 8 cloves or 8 plants, 8 bulbs – 68 plants) If you think you use one garlic bulb a week, then you might want to grow around 65 bulbs.  Enough for 1 per week and some to replant in the fall. When to plant garlic USDA Zone 3 – plant in early to late SeptemberZones 3b to 5b – plant in late Sept. to early Oct.Zones 5b to 7b – plant in mid to late Oct.Zones 7b to 9b – plant in late Oct. to Nov.

    Row by Row Episode 216: Top 10 Onion Growing Questions

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 23, 2022 24:16


    Since it is almost onion planting time, we decided to take our top 10 onion growing questions that are usually asked by viewers, customers, or fellow gardeners. Why are onions a great crop for homesteaders and home gardeners? They're low maintenance, rarely have any pest or disease pressure, and they have great storage! One key tip is to know what type of onion you need to be growing for your zone, short, intermediate, or long-day onions. Don't know? Check out our onion map! Top 10 Onion Growing Questions 1. Can I Grow A Vidalia Onion? Vidalia onions can only be grown in Georgia. According to the Vidalia Onion Act of 1986, there are only 20 counties in the United States that are allowed to grow Vidalia onions and sell them under the trademarked name. All of those counties are in Georgia, centered around the small town of Vidalia, Ga. 2. How Do You Cure Onions? Spread the onions out in a single layer, taking care not to bump or bruise them. Leave them to spread out in a single layer. Warm (75-80 degrees F), dry and breezy is ideal. As the onions are curing, their necks will gradually wither and the papery skins will tighten around the bulbs. 3. How Do You Store? How Long Will They Keep? You should store onions outside the refrigerator in a dry, dark, and cool place with good air circulation. 4. How Do You Know When To Harvest Onions? It's time to pull up your onion plants when at least half of the tops have turned mostly yellow and are laying down. As far as size is concerned, you can pull them out of the ground when they get as large as you'd like. The crop will need to be pulled and cured on the ground in the sunlight for at least 2 – 4 days After 2 – 4 days, gently shake off the dirt from the roots being careful not to bruise the bulbs, and get them prepared for curing. Ideally, you'll want to harvest your onion crop in the morning on a sunny day and the temperature is between 75°F – 80°F.While harvesting, be sure to pull out the onion by the bulb and not by the stems. Breaking the stems could leave the onion plant vulnerable to rot during the curing process. Also, if any of your onion plants have bolted (grown flower stalks) try to leave them intact. Trimming them could also introduce bacteria causing them to rot. 5. What is the difference between an onion set and an onion slip? Individual onion plants are known as "slips" and when onions plants are in bunches, that is when they are called "bunches". 6. Does Trimming The Onion Green Tops Improve Bulb Growth? When seedlings are young, trimming the tops will force more of the plant's energy into the root system and also the bulb forming just above it. Adding nitrogen, calcium nitrate, and potassium, when the onions are growing, helps to increase the bulb size. 7. Should I Transplant or Direct Seed? Transplanting small onion plants can give you more control over your results in the garden. Transplants give you a huge jumpstart on the season because they typically mature sooner and will end up giving you an earlier harvest. 8. How Much Water Do Onions Need? Overhead Watering - Water 1 1/2" per week using 2 applications of 3/4" each time. Drip Tape Irrigation - Run irrigation 3 times per week for 1 hour each time. Account for any rain that has occurred and adjust irrigation schedules accordingly and you should top watering 7-14 days before harvesting to let the onions start drying out 9. What Fertilizer Should I use? Onions are heavy feeders, you should not fertilize during the bulbing process. 1 week before planting - after adjusting your soil pH to 6.0 - 6.5, mix 1.5 cups per 10 ft. of row of Hoss Complete Organic Fertilizer with your soil. 2 weeks after planting - add 1 cup of Hoss 20-20-20 Premium Fertilizer per 20 ft. row. 4 weeks after planting - Mix 2 cup of 20-20-20 and 1-2 cups of Hoss Micro-Boost Micronutrient Supplement per 20 ft. row. Every 7 days alternate Hoss Ammonium Sulfate and Mirco-Boost.

    Row by Row Episode 215: A New Way Of Gardening!

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2022 27:05


    Let's talk about Controlled Environment Agriculture and how it's shaping the future! So, why is CEA becoming so popular? What are the benefits of CEA? Our special guest, Tracy from Sakata Seeds joins us to discuss some insights on the topic of the indoor growing model. And we will also be doing a rapid-fire chat about which fall seeds you should be growing! It's a growing trend! It's a new way of gardening! A New Way Of Gardening - Controlled Environment Agriculture What is CEA? Simply put, it is bringing traditional field agriculture indoors and so, you are controlling as many of the elements as you can when you are growing indoors. More and more fruits and vegetables are being grown indoors, some examples are tomatoes (mainly cherry and grape tomato varieties), cucumbers, strawberries, etc. In a controlled environment, you can grow all year long! CEA productions help to increase plant productivity and expand growing areas. Some methods may not be easy for the home gardener, but they are definitely worth a try! Like, as hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics. Types of structures can include greenhouses, high tunnels and hoop houses, container farms, in-home systems, and CEA Vertical farms. CHECK OUT THE SAKATA MASTER GUIDE Benefits of CEA There are many benefits to growing in a controlled environment, especially for large growers. Of course, the key reason for starting more controlled greenhouses is more local produce, reduced transportation costs, and more traceability of where your vegetables come from. Food safety is a huge benefit, many of the larger controlled greenhouses are considered "no touch". In an enclosed facility, such as a hydroponic greenhouse or an artificially lighted vertical farm, growers can precisely control lighting, temperature, humidity, CO2, water, and nutrients. lower inputs and high yieldsexpand grow areasprecise harvest timingcrop reliabilityhigh-value crops Fall Seed Varieties MERLIN BEETS GREEN MAGIC BROCCOLI BOBCAT CABBAGE CHINA STAR CABBAGE TOP BUNCH 2.0 COLLARDS QUICKSTAR KOHLRABI RED TIDE LETTUCE BRAVE HEART ROMAINE LETTUCE FENG QING PAK CHOI EASTER EGG RADISHALL TOP TURNIPS BLUE RIDE KALE CILANTROBOUQUET DILL ITALIAN PARSLEY SAVANNA MUSTARDS https://hosstools.com/hoss-tools-university/ Product of the Week Strawberry Plugs Elephant Garlic German White Garlic Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/PUVPl35xc_4

    Row by Row Episode 214: Fall and Winter Cover Crops

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 9, 2022 27:39


    Why grow cover crops? This is a topic many gardeners need help with. When growing any cover crop, even fall and winter cover crops is extremely important to know which you should be growing in your garden. Before planting a cover crop, identify which benefits or goals (weed suppression, fall grazing, taking up excess nutrients, reducing soil compaction, etc.) are most important. Since it is early September, it is time to start thinking about fall and winter cover crops; also, a good tip is to "broadcast" the seeds when planting your cover crops. Why Grow Cover Crops? Here are many reasons you should consider growing fall and winter cover crops (or just cover crops in general). Improving soil structure by increasing soil microbial activityWeed Suppression (by direct competition or allelopathy)Increases water filtration and reduces soil compactionIncreases organic matter and reduces soil erosion from wind and rain (crop residues/mulch)Activity against bacteria, fungi, insects, nematodes, and weedsNutrient cycling (plants take up nutrients that may leach out of the soil profile)Protects soil surface solar energy, and conserves soil moisture When Should You Plant Fal and Winter Cover Crops? Zone 7 - September 15th through October 1st For Zone 8 - October 1st through October 15th If You're In Zone 9 - October 15th through November 1st Legumes Crimson Clover provides excellent ground cover and adds nitrogen to the soil. Seeds are coated to make seeding/broadcasting easier. OMRI inoculated. Austrian Winter Pea is an abundant nitrogen fixer, it's a ground cover for erosion control and weed suppression. Hairy Vetch is easy to get rid of, bees/pollinators love it and it adds nitrogen back into the soil. White Dutch Clover is a heat tolerant and drought tolerant cover crop; it has an annual in the south and a perennial in the northern states. Marvel Chickpea is a nitrogen-fixing cover crop that performs well when planted in early fall or spring. It has deep tap roots that condition the soil, and its dense foliage suppresses weeds and prevents erosion. Frosty Berseem Clover will get you improved nitrogen fixation, and it also has a great cold tolerance compared to other clover varieties. It germinates fast and is a multi-cut variety. OMRI coated for easy planting. Other Cover Crops Super Bee Phacelia is a heat-loving variety that can be used as a cut flower or cover crop. It attracts pollinators, builds soil, scavenges nitrogen, and reduces harmful nematodes by up to 30%. Impact Forage Collard breaks up hardpans, scavenges nutrients from the deep, suppresses weeds, and also provides significant forage for livestock; it is very cold and heat tolerant. Tillage Radish penetrates deeply to break up and aerate hard soils, improving soil structure and drainage. Broadleaf Mustard releases chemicals into the soil to suppress and reduce nematodes, fungi, insects, and weeds. Kodiak Brown Mustard is a biofumigant used to reduce soil pests, pathogens, and diseases; it is "hotter" than traditional Florida Broadleaf Mustard. It is a great cover crop to plant prior to planting potatoes. Using Cover Crop Mixes Yes, you can mix cover crops to get the ultimate benefits! By planting a mix of different cover crop varieties you have the ability to address multiple objectives at the same time. You should choose plants with complementing growth forms to reduce competition between the species. Another tip is to combine shallow and deep-rooted species to use a greater portion of the soil. Check out Hoss University for more tips and tricks on growing your own food! https://hosstools.com/hoss-tools-university/ Product of the Week Strawberry Plugs Elephant Garlic German White Garlic Onion Plants Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/4_lSNO3xAhk

    Row by Row Episode 213: Growing Small In The Fall

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 2, 2022 34:12


    No, we don't mean you should be growing less, just think about other smaller uses to grow your own food. There is a lot more focus on the container and raised bed gardens lately. More and more people are starting to learn how to garden and become more sustainable. One of our favorite times to garden using containers and raised beds is in the fall. Container, vertical, and raised bed gardening is ideal for those with little to no in-ground garden space. Problems with soil-borne diseases, nematodes, or poor soil conditions can be easily overcome by switching to a container garden. Did you know that raised beds are one of the most popular ways to garden? Vertical gardening is also growing in popularity with people using new or existing structures in their homes. Think of the space you can save with vertical growing! Let's look at some reasons why you should be growing small in the fall! Container Gardening, Growing Small in the Fall Reason #1 you should be growing in containers: easy access! You can grow right outside your kitchen, or even inside your kitchen! Grow in spaces like balconies, patios, doorsteps, window sills, driveways, etc. It makes it easy growing small in the fall. Sizes: Important to know how large, and deep the container must be. Consider the size and shape of the plant's root system, and how rapidly it grows. Light-colored containers keep the soil cooler than dark containers. Container Drainage: Drainage holes are essential Prep: Put in desired space before filling and planting. Check the appropriate shade/sun according to plant requirements. Plain garden soil can be too dense. Fall plants great for containers: Lettuce, Herbs, All-Top Turnips, Kale, Collards, Beets, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Mustards Container Materials - Growin Small In The Fall Clay or terracotta are attractive but breakable and easily damaged by freezing and thawingCast concrete is long-lasting but can be heaving and hard to move.Plastic and fiberglass are lightweight and become brittle with cold or age. Wood: Choose a naturally rot-resistant wood.  Don't use creosote (toxic to plants)Root Pouch Grow Bags: Allows the plant roots to breathe and grow but make sure you have the right size! Raised Bed Gardening One of the most popular ways to garden. Knowing the tips & tricks will help you be more successful! Location: Survey your sun exposure throughout the day. Note the number of hours of full sun, part shadeIrrigation: Plan how you are going to irrigateSoil: Don't start with bad soil, invest in your soil because the soil is what feeds the plant. Crappy soil, crappy plants.  Need soil with good nutrition, good water retention, good drainageCompost 1/3 of the mix, aeration component 1/3 mix (perlite) 1/3 water retention material (peat moss, coconut coir)Mulch: Organic covering for the top of your soil that's going to help protect your soil, and help keep it nice and moist. Buffer layer to the top of the soil. (straw) be aware of wood chipsPlacement of plants: Plan ahead and think about how the plant is going to grow and its size once it matures. Will it shade out other plants? Low growers up front, bigger ones in the back.Bed Preparation: Soil testing, amend, cover crops, Mulch, tarping, don't let it stay bare.Label your plants, and document what and when you planted them. Vertical Gardening - Best way to grow small When you're limited on space, grow up! Vertical gardening is growing rapidly in popularity. People are planting wherever they can. Pots suspended on a wall, stair step structures, vertical towers, arches, fence panels, trellis, and cages. Why? Here's why: Saves spaceHarvesting is easier when uprightPlants are healthier, up out of the soil, no splash back, leaves do not stay moistBeautiful spacesFall Plants For Vertical Growing: pole beans, gourds, cucumbers, tomatoes, winter squash, peasFall Plants for Vertical Towers: Strawberries, Bush beans, herbs, lettuce

    Row by Row Episode 212: Transplant Or Direct Sow Fall Seeds?

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 26, 2022 31:46


    So which is it... do you transplant or direct sow fall seeds? Well, obviously it's going to depend on the variety. Most gardeners plant a combination of seeds and transplants. There are advantages and disadvantages to each method and a lot depends on the vegetable and the time of year. There are some plants that will do fine planted either way, depending on the season.  Crops that we grow for their roots, like carrots, beets, and turnips do not transplant well. Often the large taproot is lost, and we're left with a plant with a fibrous root system. Lettuce is a good example of a vegetable that will be fine transplanted or direct sown.  In the spring, when the soil is cool, it is best to use transplants.  If planting in late August for a fall crop, feel free to direct seed.  Lettuce seed will take two weeks to germinate in cold April soil but 3 to 4 days in the summer.  What Fall Seeds To Direct Sow Direct seeded crops require less labor and tend to mature faster than transplanted crops. They can be riskier, contending with weather and weed pressure. Of course, you will want to be prepared to thin. (crowed plants compete for light, water, and nutrients). They're not subjected to stresses such as being pulled from the soil and having to re-establish roots. Start and finish in same place. BeansBeetsCarrotsMelonsPeasRadishSpinachSquashTurnipsZucchini What Fall Seeds To Transplant Starting with "baby" plants in the garden can give you more control and predictable results. Transplants give you a huge jumpstart on the season because they will mature sooner and give you an earlier harvest. They can be more resistant to insect and other pest pressure because they are more mature and stronger when you first put them into your garden. Be sure to harden off your transplants, which means exposing them to slightly cooler temps and some dryer conditions before putting them out into your garden. Some plants can suffer from "transplant shock". Unfortunately, some crops respond poorly to transplanting.  Beans and peas for example, often succumb to transplant shock and even those that survive will be weak and poor-yielding. CeleryEggplantCollardsKaleBroccoliKohlrabiLeeksOnionPeppersScallionsTomatoBrussel SproutsCauliflower What Fall Seeds Can Be Direct Sown or Transplanted KaleChardCollardsLettuceTurnipsBeets Product of the Week Strawberry Plugs Elephant Garlic German White Garlic Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/ptS7eCEZunI

    Row by Row Episode 211: 4 Tips For Creating Healthy Garden Soils

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 19, 2022 31:46


    Can you turn really bad soil into good soil? Today we talk about one of the most important aspects of growing healthy plants, getting good production, and harvesting the highest quality food you could possibly eat. You will need to know these tips for building and maintaining healthy soils for a successful vegetable garden! Below are the 4 tips for creating healthy garden soils. 4 Tips For Creating Healthy Garden Soils Soil Sample Getting a soil sample is very important, definitely the first thing that we suggest you do. You need to know what's in your soil! It provides useful information about the chemical and physical conditions of your soil (specifically in the area you are planting). There are variables to getting your sample, such as, what time of year it's done, who does the test, and how samples are collected. We always recommend getting a soil sample to your local extension office several weeks before planting. Click here to find your local extension office. Amend Your Soil Adding organic matter is the best way to improve nearly most any type of soil. Adding a 5% increase in organic matter will quadruple your soil's ability to maintain water. Composting helps with water retention, it will lighten up heavy clay soils (ex. worm composting), it is free soil fertility and soil improvement! Cover Crops Never let your soil be bare. Using cover crops adds tons of micronutrient minerals that are not accessible. Cover Crops will protect and improve your soil, different varieties will add different benefits, so make sure you use the right kind you need based on your soil sample test. What can cover crops do? Nitrogen fixersSoil miners for nutrients. Daikon radish gets deep oxygenating your soil, breaking it up, and then tilled in for organic matter.Green Manure, chop, and dropSteals energy from the sun and air, putting it back into your soil. Weed ControlMulch - it's not always ideal, but could help in not losing your soil quality. Better for some plants (strawberries) than others. Mulching takes longer to build the soil than other methods Crop Rotation Consider crop rotation if you have soil erosion, low yields, soil crusting, or water stress for crops. Crop rotation can help manage your soil and fertility, reduces erosion, improves soil health, and will increase nutrients available for crops. Healthy soil is the backbone of "no-till" methods. Other than helping with weed management and pest control, a good crop rotation gives your soil microbes different food sources. It will assist in better crop yields, and you tend to reduce fertilizer and insecticide inputs. Extra Tip: Know Your Soil Type A soil's texture, most importantly its ability in retaining nutrients and water is crucial. Sandy soil drains well but heavy feeders don't do as well (ex. brassicas). Clay soil doesn't drain well, the roots lack access to oxygen and can't breathe. Product of the Week Cover Crops Complete Organic Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/YYzAKNseG4Y

    Row by Row Episode 210: Fall Garden Pests

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 12, 2022 27:45


    Fall is quickly approaching! Many of us have already started our seeds for our fall gardens, which means that we are thinking ahead about fertilizing, fall garden pests, and common diseases that happen in the fall. The fall is a great time to take a soil test and apply soil amendments to prepare the garden for spring planting.  Fall soil testing is preferred by many growers because it allows the entire winter to plan crop rotations and to budget for cover crops and soil amendments for the following season. It's a great time to clean up old debris, till areas that may be harboring pests and put our mulch to drive away overwintering adults. Natural Ways To Help With Fall Garden Pests Start with clean soilBuy disease and pest-resistant seedsSelectively and Aggressively thin out plantsControl WeedsKeep Garden CleanTrap CropsBeneficial InsectsCrop Rotation Top 6 Fall Garden Pests To Watch Out For Fall Garden Pests Aphids small, soft-bodied insects that feed by sucking the nutrient-rich liquids out of plants. In large numbers, they can weaken plants significantly, harming flowers and fruit. Aphids multiply quickly, so it's important to get them under control before reproduction starts. Many generations can occur in one season.Look for misshapen, curling, stunted, or yellowing leaves. Be sure to check the undersides of leaves; aphids love to hide there.Garden Insect Spray, Neem oil, insecticidal soaps, and horticultural oils are effective against aphids, but these substances need to come into contact with the aphids in order to work.PREVENTION: Trap crops (mustard, Nasturtium), Beneficial insects, Companion Planting (garlic and chives repel aphids) Snails and Slugs Snails can be a difficult pest to get rid of because they are hermaphrodites, which means all of them can lay hundreds of eggs at a time with a gestation period of only 2-3 weeks. They lay more than half of their eggs in the fall making them a prime garden pest. They are most active at night or during rainy days and will feed on anything green. If you don't get these guys under control, they'll quickly overrun your garden. Cabbage Loopers Cabbage loopers emerge from overwintered cocoons that produce egg-laying moths with brown wings and distinct white markings. These eggs will hatch in late spring with white-striped green larvae. You'll know you have a cabbage looper in your garden when you find large irregular-shaped holes in the leaves of the lower half of your entire plant and other vegetable crops. Although these predatory insects love cabbages, broccoli, and kale, they're also known to eat tomatoes, potatoes, radishes, and other garden vegetables. Treat leaf undersides with a safe herbicide as a protective shield against these pests. If you're unable to remove these plant bugs before fall and you don't clear. Whiteflies Whiteflies are yet another type of sap-sucking pest. Small numbers are relatively harmless but large infestations can cause yellow or dry leaves that may fall off the plants. Like other sap-sucking pests, the sweet substance created by whiteflies attracts ants and sooty mold. To control whiteflies, try sticky traps and insecticidal soap or neem oil. Do this early in the day or later in the evening, when temperatures are cooler. Thrips Thrips are tiny flying insects with fringed wings. The sap-sucking insects discolor and distort nearly any type of plant. They leave tiny black specks of excrement on the leaves and often create white patches on leaves and petals. Thrips are difficult to control and often require a combination of methods such as sticky traps and insecticidal soap or neem oil.  Cutworms Cutworms are the larval stage of certain moths. The destructive pests hide under leaves or other plant debris, emerging to lay masses of eggs on plants. They eat nearly anything in their paths, often cutting through stems of young plants at ground level.

    Row by Row Episode 209: You Can Grow This All Year Long!

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 5, 2022 28:03


    Tonight, we are talking all about Microgreens and indoor growing. There are vegetables that are packed with nutrients, and typically only take a couple of weeks to maturity. With endless varieties to choose from that have different textures and tastes, Microgreens - you can grow this all year long! Some people mistake growing microgreens as the same process as growing sprouts, but that's not the case. Microgreens are grown in soil and are usually ready to eat within a few weeks of planting. Microgreens are more mature seedlings than sprouts. Study results on the nutritional benefits of microgreens have been published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Microgreens Broccoli Don't soak these seeds, blackout time for these seeds is around 2-4 days. It typically takes 10 days for growing time. The yield with our Broccoli microgreen seeds is 8-12 oz per 1020 Microgreen Tray. Of course, we recommend Waltham 29 broccoli. Black Oil Sunflower The Black Oil Sunflower has to be one of the most popular and easiest microgreens to grow. We typically soak these seeds before planting for 4-8 hours and we recommend 2-3 days of blackout time. There are normally ready in 10 days and the yield per tray is 1-2 lbs. Peas We love peas as microgreens! Of course, our two favorites are Sugar Prince Pea and Dunn Pea. The recommended soaking time before planting is 12 hours, and typically requires 1-2 days of blackout time. Only 10-12 days of growing time! CHECK OUT THE MICROGREEN INDOOR GROWING KIT! Product of the Week Microgreen Indoor Starter Kit Microgreen Seeds 1020 Microgreen Trays Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/pS38uZHHDs4

    Row by Row Episode 208: You Need To Be Planning Your Fall Garden Now

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 29, 2022 30:04


    It's time to start thinking about your fall garden! Time is quickly approaching, you need to be planning your fall garden now! Be sure to check out the latest Row By Row Episode to get all the details. Planning Your Fall Garden Now By Zone Zone 9 - Here's What You Need To Be Planning In Your Fall Garden Now: Continue planting flowers and cover crops! You can plant fall corn until the end of August, you should also be getting ready for fall planting of Brassicas. Between September 15th - September 30th, start your "short day" onion seed. Zone 8 If you are in Zone 8, it's now time to plant fall sweet corn and start your first planting of Cabbage and Brussel Sprouts in trays. September 1st is a good time to plant your 2nd round of Brassicas. Zinnias, sunflowers, and cover crops (ex. Buckwheat, Sorghum Sudan Grass, Kodiak Brown Mustard) can also be planted again around September 1st. Planting your onion seed between September 1st - September 15th is your optimal time. Be sure to plant short-day onions for your zone. Zone 7 - Planning Your Fall Garden Start first planting Cabbage and Brussel Sprouts in trays, you can plan to plant another round of brassicas around September 1st. You can also plant more zinnias, sunflowers, and cover crops at that time! Cover crops such as Buckwheat, Sorghum Sudan Grass, and Kodiak Brown Mustard. Zone 6 Zone 6, it is your time to plant beans, English peas, Collards, Turnips, Mustards, Beets, and Radishes. Around September 1st start your cool season cover crops! Product of the Week Tomatoes Broccoli Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/I6qx5oQJIJA

    Row by Row Episode 207: Growing Fall Corn and Fermenting Vegetables

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 22, 2022 34:46


    Join Greg and Sheila for another great episode of gardening tips and tricks. This show is packed full of great information on growing fall corn and how fermenting vegetables is so easy, even you can do it! Greg does a deep dive into what corn varieties you should be planting for fall, when to plant and how to be successful. Sheila has an abundance of peppers and gives us a demonstration of the easiest way to ferment vegetables for preserving! Growing Fall Corn and Fermenting Vegetables Growing Fall Corn If you have not been growing corn for a long time or just beginning, fall corn can work great for your rotation planting. Corn is a monocot. Planting fall corn helps cleanse the soil and will get some of the diseases out. Planting behind beans and peas is best. Unlike other vegetables that can easily be planted in one long row, corn should be planted in blocks of at least 5 rows. Visit Hoss University and check out our Corn Growing Guide for more information on growing corn! Types of Sweet Corn You don't want to choose a corn variety that has long maturity dates. These are the top 3 varieties we recommend. Sugar Buns Silver Queen Ambrosia When To Plant Fall Corn By August 1st, that's when you folks in Zone 7 should plant your fall corn. Zone 8, you should plant your fall sweet corn between July 15th through August 15th. In Zone 9, planting fall corn should be done between August 1st through August 21st. Click here to check out our Growing Guides for tons of growing tips and tricks! Fermenting Vegetables Why you should be fermenting vegetables! Fresh fruits and Vegetables are naturally covered in microorganisms. Good and Bad. When we Ferment, we are choosing to let the good guys or Lactic acid-forming bacteria take over permanently. We use salt brine to enhance the texture, helping to retain crispness. Temperature and Light You want to keep your jars between 55-75 degrees and out of direct sunlight. Keep the vegetables submerged and monitor for scum/mold. If some appears, skim off and add more brine. Let's Talk Brine Between 2% to 5% for home fermenters.Less than 2% run risk of not fermenting, and Greater than 5% risk of stopping the fermentation.The type of vegetable usually determines the salt to water ratio.  (Cucumbers full of water, shredded cabbage is less denseUse unchlorinated water as chlorine can inhibit fermentation Equipment Needed Fermentation Vessel - (You can go fancy or simple) Crock, food-grade buckets, jars. Make sure any equipment you use is non-reactive Primary Follower - Goes on top of ferment, acts as a barrier (grape leaf, cabbage leaf Secondary Follower or weight - If you do not have a weight, you can fill a zip lock bag with water and zip tight. Covering - Lets air escape while keeping out bugs, dust, or other contaminates. Lid and band not screwed on tightly, cheesecloth, muslin. Airlock systems Find more information on Hoss University!! Product of the Week Complete Fermenting Kit Corn Peppers Tomatillos Be sure to check out our latest Row By Row Show on Growing Fall Corn and Fermenting Vegetables! Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/I6qx5oQJIJA

    Row by Row Episode 206: 6 Reasons You Should Be Growing Sunflowers

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 15, 2022 32:55


    There's more to growing sunflowers than just gazing upon their beauty. Did you know they're also good for weed suppression, they're good for livestock, and more! Let's talk about the top 6 reasons you should be growing sunflowers. 6 Reasons You Should Be Growing Sunflowers Pollinators They attract many beneficial insects. At the center of the sunflowers are hundreds and thousands of tiny florets that can contain nectar and pollen, a food source for different types of beneficial insects. By attracting these types of insects, you will help pollinate other vegetable plants that you have growing in your garden. Beautiful Cut Flowers Sunflowers are probably one of the most popular cut flowers and are extremely popular among flower farmers who sell them at farmers' markets. They are truly a garden focal point. They can also provide shade when planting around your vegetables that don't need or require full sun throughout the day. Tip: Once you cut your stems, immediately put them in the water. Attracts Birds To The Garden Have pests in your garden? Attracting birds to your garden will help with pests. They are nature's free pest control managers and insect eaters. They help create a balance of pests to beneficial insects in the garden. Yes, some may come for certain fruits or vegetables but that's when the netting comes in handy. Help Your Soil Did you know that sunflowers help with weed suppression and help detox contaminated soil? That's right, the seeds contain chemical that other plants (weeds) do not like. They are a natural herbicide that prevents weed growth. Sunflowers can absorb toxic heavy metals, contaminants, and poisonous chemicals that are in the soil through their deep taproots. Tip: We use the Black Oil Sunflower for cover crops and soil improvement. Free Edible Seeds Sunflower seeds are rich in vitamin E; this is the primary fat-soluble antioxidant that is needed in your body to help neutralize the free radicals. They are also a good source of magnesium and selenium. Livestock Fooder, Silage Yes, sunflower crop residue can replace fibrous by-products that livestock typically is fed or will eat. Example: Sunflower heads have been known to be a valuable substitute for conventional roughages in a complete diet. They are considered to be high-fiber meals for livestock. Also, sunflower silage contains between 10-12% crude protein compared to corn silage which contains 8-9%. Sungold Dwarf Sunflower Product of the Week Cog Hill Sunflower Collection Sunflowers Black Oil Sunflower Cover Crop Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/gizuljsDKnk

    Row by Row Episode 205: How To Choose The Right Cover Crop

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 8, 2022 22:12


    Each type of cover crop (whether it be warm or cool season) has different benefits, so choosing the right type or blend of cover crop(s) is very important for your garden! We're here to give you the tips on how to choose the right cover crop. What Are Cover Crops? Cover crops have many benefits for your soil. They provide a natural means to improve soil health, suppress weeds, slow erosion, help control pests and disease. While each cover crop variety has one or two main purposes, it is also beneficial to mix cover crops. Generally, cover crops are sown in your garden space after your growing season. So let's go through them so you know how to choose the right cover crop. Types Of Cover Crops Brown Top Millet Brown Top Millet provides excellent ground cover for weed suppression during warmer months. It also makes a great livestock forage and green manure for adding organic matter to soils. Millet is a tall, bunching grass that can get up to 12 feet high. Because it is a bunching grass, it forms a “mat” over the soil and provides excellent ground cover. Matures in 60-70 days, making it a very fast-growing cover crop. Because it grows so fast, it is able to grow faster than the weeds that it is being used to suppress. Millet is an ideal cover crop for soils with low moisture, low fertility, and in areas with high temperatures. Sorghum Sudangrass Sorghum Sudangrass provides significant ground cover for weed suppression, along with reducing nematode populations as it decomposes. a bunching-grass cover crop that creates a dense mat of vegetation. The tall vegetation looks similar to corn, but with smaller leaf blades. It has deeply penetrating roots that loosen compacted soils, providing aeration and increasing soil drainage. Sorghum Sudangrass is a great addition to soils that have been heavily farmed and may be depleted of nutrients and organic matter. When mowed and incorporated into the soil as “green manure”, it adds significant amounts of organic matter. Buckwheat Buckwheat is warm-season cover crop that grows fast and works well for small windows where soil building is needed between vegetable crops. grows very fast compared to other cover crop varieties. Because it grows so fast, it is a great option for planting in small windows between spring and fall plantings. A great strategy that will help to break pest and disease cycles to benefit future vegetable plantings. It will mature in 4-6 weeks and produces small flowers that are great for attracting pollinators and beneficial insects to the vegetable garden. Seeds will mature in 2-3 weeks after flowering, so the cover crop should be cut/mowed and incorporated during that time frame. Sun Hemp Sun Hemp adds a significant amount of nitrogen to garden soils, in addition to suppressing weeds and adding quality organic matter. Because it is a legume, this cover crop has the ability to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere. It has been reported to add over 100 lbs of nitrogen per acre. A summer annual that performs well in sandy soils and other soil types that may be nutrient-poor as a result of intensive farming. Iron Clay Peas Iron Clay Peas fixes nitrogen, suppresses weeds, and attracts beneficial insects. Great for planting between the spring and fall gardening season. Performs well in hot climates and is very drought-tolerant. traditionally used on food plots for hunting. However, it also makes a great cover crop to benefit your garden soil in the warmer months. It has many benefits as a cover crop including nitrogen-fixation, and weed suppression. Studies have shown that cowpeas are able to fix between 130-200 lbs of nitrogen per acre. Black Oil Sunflower Black Oil Sunflower is an open-pollinated sunflower variety that can be grown for seed or oil production. It also works great as a warm-season cover crop for purifying soils. It's used for sunflower seed or sunflower oil production.

    Row by Row Episode 204: What Are Field Peas?

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 5, 2022 35:46


    Do many people think there is a difference between cowpeas, field peas, and Crowder peas but is there? Did you know- field peas are great for soil conditioning since they are high in Nitrogen. Is There A Difference? Cowpeas are grown in the South since they are adaptable, heat-tolerant, and drought-resistant. Southern peas prefer warm to hot weather, with air temperatures between 70° and 95°F (21-32°C)–most days exceeding 85°F (29°C). Southern peas require 60 to 90 frost-free days to reach harvest. Field Peas and Cowpeas are pretty much the same! Zone 7 - fall planting July 1st-July30th. Zone 8 -fall planting July 15-Aug 15 Zone 9 - fall planting Aug 1st- Aug 30th Different Types - What Are Field Peas? These peas have been grouped into the following market classes based on seed type and color: Black eye and purple eye—The immature pods shell easily because the hull (pod wall) is pliable and the seeds come out of the pod clean and free. The shelled peas are attractive, mild-flavored, and suitable for processing. Brown eye—Pods vary in color from green to lavender and have a wide range of lengths. The immature seeds, when cooked, are a medium to dark brown color, very tender, and have a delicate flavor. Crowder - closely crowded in the pods and tend to be globular in shape. Cream— generally cream-colored and have no noticeable "eye" (the hilum is inconspicuous). Clay—These are generally older varieties that are medium to dark brown in color and kidney-shaped. White acre— kidney-shaped with a blunt end. This type is a semi-crowder, generally tan in color and somewhat small. Pods are quite stiff. Product of the Week Field Peas Seeds Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/R2j3MwYWA7A

    Row by Row Episode 203: What You Need To Be Doing In The Garden Now

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 24, 2022 27:51


    It's HOT down here in SW Georgia. We've been harvesting a lot lately and fighting the high temperatures but we are thinking about our Fall gardens and what we should be doing in the garden now! Garden Chores While chore lists may not be everyone's favorite, this is one chore list that every gardener needs! Stay on top of weeds/pestsHarvest/PreservePruning of Spring-Flowering ShrubsContinue fertilization schedule Mulch your garden bedsWater plants deeply and regularlyReplenish/Amend SoilRemove Plant DebrisPlant uncovered spaces with cover crops/tarpsBuy seeds for fall - at Hoss Tools (of course)Succession planting Zone 9 - What You Should Be Doing Your first frost date of when it will really start to cool down is typically around December 10th on average. If you are planting fall tomatoes and peppers you should start them in the seed trays in mid-August and you can then put them in the ground in mid-September. Tomatoes and peppers have a 75-day maturity and you should be able to harvest in November before your frost. Our favorite tomato varieties for the fall (heat set) tomatoes are Hossinator, Florida 91, or Homestead. Field peas should be plated from September 1 through September 15. Zone 8 - What You Can Grow November 22nd is the average frost date for Zone 8, which means you should start tomatoes and peppers on July 1st to transplant into the ground around August 1st. They should be ready to harvest around October 15th. Field peas will be planted on the first of September since they are around 65 days to maturity. We are going to plant sweet corn in August for the fall garden. Zone 7 - Growing for the Fall If you are wanting to grow tomatoes and peppers for a fall crop, you want to go ahead as soon as possible and start those seeds in the greenhouse. You can also plant beans and squash now! Zone 7's first frost date is November 15th. If you want to plant field peas, you can plant them around the same time as Zone 8, which is the first of September. Product of the Week Tomato Seeds Field Peas Seeds Pepper Seeds Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/FjkNPWx761M

    Row by Row Episode 202: Best Gardening Tips To Grow Lots Of Tomatoes

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 17, 2022 34:10


    It's that time of year again! We're smack in the middle of June, it's HOT and we've got lots of tomatoes growing in the garden. The best gardening tips to grow lots of tomatoes...right here! Blossom End Rot Blossom End Rot is one of the most common diseases when it comes to growing tomatoes. It is a physiological disorder of a tomato. Symptoms are water-soaked spots on the blossom end of the fruit. These spots can become enlarged and black in color. Secondary infection by decay-causing organisms usually follows. The cause of this disorder is a calcium deficiency in the developing fruit. Extreme fluctuations in moisture, rainy or cloudy weather with high humidity, cool temperatures, insufficient soil calcium, root pruning from nearby cultivation, and excessive ammoniacal nitrogen, potassium, or magnesium fertilization can also increase the chances of blossom end rot. The "Wilt" Issue Southern Bacterial Wilt and Tomato Spotted Wilt are two issues when it comes to growing tomatoes. Southern Bacterial Wilt caused by Ralstonia Solanacearum, this bacterium survives in the soil for extended periods and enters the roots through wounds made by transplanting, cultivation, insect feeding damage, and natural wounds where secondary roots emerge. Disease development is favored by high temperatures and high moisture. The bacteria multiples rapidly inside the water-conducting tissue of the plant, filling it with slime. This can result in rapid wilt of the plant while the leaves will stay green. Tomato Spotted Wilt is spread by tiny insects called thrips, which acquire the virus by feeding on one of many infected weeds or ornamental hosts, and then spreads it to the growing tomato plants. Several weeks after transplanting the plants into your garden, some random plants may appear stunted, and younger leaves may be marked with dark spots (or bronze colored) or have prominent purple veins. Often the upper foliage will become twisted and cupped as the bronze area had expanded. Fruits may also have yellow spots. Younger plants may wilt and die, but older plants may survive and bear discolored fruit that may not fully ripen. Common Diseases & Ways To Fight Back Organic controls consist of crop rotation and selected resistant varieties that are resistant to Fusarium Wilt, Bacterial Wilt, Tomato Mosaic Virus, Early and Late Blight. You want to use a Complete Disease Control drench when it comes to early blight. Fungi Max is great for bacterial wilt. If your tomato plants have signs of early and late blight, as well as, bacterial spot you will want to use Liquid Cop. The Vegetable, Flower, Fruit and Ornamental Fungicide should be used with you have just early and late blight on the tomatoes. Garden Phos is good to use with late blight and bacterial spot. Common Pests & Ways To Fight Back Garden Insect Spray - Thrips, Horn Worms Horticultural Oil - Aphids, Stinkbugs, Flea Beetle, Whiteflies, Spider Mites Bug Buster O - Aphids, Flea Beetles, Whiteflies Monterey BT - Hornworms Take Down Garden Spray - Aphids, Horn Worms, Flea Beetles, Whiteflies Diatomaceous Earth - Cutworms Bug Buster II - Aphids, Horn Worms, Stinkbugs, Flea Beetles, Whiteflies, Spider Mites, Thrips How To Prevent Tomato Diseases Purchase disease-resistant seeds and plants.Provide adequate spacing between plants to ensure proper airflow.Well-drained soil, pH between 6.2 and 6.8, amend with quality compost, good supply organic matterPlant on drip Irrigation System, keep foliage dryCrop RotationFertilization ScheduleCover Crop preceding TomatoesRemove all diseased tomato plant debris Product of the Week Tomato Seeds Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/jZCuHiFmtNE

    Row by Row Episode 201: The DOs and DONT’s of Growing Corn

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 6, 2022 31:49


    Tonight we talk sweet corn and field corn, what is the difference? When should you plant and harvest? How much should you plant for your family? Sheila gives us tips on the best way to preserve your corn harvest! Sweet Corn Vs. Field Corn Field Corn has been around the longest (for hundreds of years), originating in Mexico and South America. It is used for grits and corn meal; it is typically dried on the stalk to around a 23-25% moisture level. Animal feed is also made up of field corn. Sweet corn is typically harvested and eaten in the immature stage (milk stage) on the stalk, they have a relatively high moisture content. Sweet corn is bred for its sweet taste. Stowells Evergreen is the oldest heirloom sweet corn that we carry, it was developed in the mid-1800s. It is standard sweet corn (su) and with it being an heirloom, you can save the seeds. Our most popular is the Silver Queen, which was developed in the 1960s, Silver Queen is a standard (su) sweet corn variety that is a hybrid. This year we "trialed" new sweet corn that we plan to carry next year; the Seminole Sweet XR Corn (sh2) is a bi-color and was bred in Illinois. It is sweeter than the Silver Queen and was bred for the commercial market. How Much Corn We Plant Don't overplant your corn! Hoss recommends starting off by planting in a smaller plot to utilize your garden space. Greg planted 6 rows that were 52 feet each (roughly a 25' x 50' plot) of the Seminole XR sweet corn, which produced 60 quarts of creamed corn and 10 pints of canned corn. Greg planted the Seminole XR on March 1, 2022, and they harvested on May 30, 2022. Only 90 days to maturity! Tips On Preserving Corn There are many ways to preserve corn. Sheila says you should try creaming your corn and freezing it if you never tried that method. She has recently tried canning and she is a fan. We have a new video going up on Tuesday, 6/7 on our YouTube channel. Product of the Week Benary Giant Zinnia Mix Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/XVV9706V_K4

    Row by Row Episode 200: How To Grow Sweet Potatoes

    Play Episode Listen Later May 27, 2022 29:54


    What is a sweet potato? Even though sweet potatoes originated from Central and South America (the same as potatoes), they are not related to potatoes. Sweet potatoes belong to the bindweed or morning glory family. Let's do a deep dive into all things about how to grow sweet potatoes. How To Grow Sweet Potatoes - Fun Facts This tropical crop needs at least four months of warm weather and warm soil, but they are drought- and heat-tolerant and have few pests or diseases. Compare a sweet potato vine's foliage and flowers to those of morning glory and you'll see the family resemblance. Sweet potatoes are not yams, which are related to grasses and lilies. They're also not related to regular white potatoes, which belong to the nightshade family, versus the morning glory family. As mentioned above, potatoes' edible portion is a true tuber, while sweet potatoes produce tuberous roots.They were used in folk remedies to treat asthma, night blindness, and diarrhea. Recommended Varieties The fastest-growing sweet potato varieties have orange flesh, but you might also consider varieties with white, yellow, or even purple flesh. Note that orange-flesh varieties cook up moist; white and yellow sweet potatoes become creamy; purple sweets are dry and starchy. ‘Beauregard' (90 days) originally comes from Louisiana but grows well in the north, too. It has dark red roots, and dark orange flesh, and stores well.‘Bush Porto Rico' (110 days) is good for small gardens and for baking.‘Centennial' (100 days) is the leading variety in the U.S. It is carrot-colored and has a good storage life. It is also a good producer for northern growers.‘Georgia Jet' (90 days); Red skin covers moist, deep orange flesh. Extremely fast-growing type; good for the North.Jewel' (aka ‘Yellow Jewel')(120 days) has copper-colored skin and orange flesh; disease-resistant; stores well.‘Stokes' (120 days) offers vibrant purple color and is full of extra health benefits; cooks well in savory dishes and mashes.‘Vardaman' (110 days) is a bush type and good for small gardens; it has unique blue/purple foliage, golden skin, and reddish-orange flesh; stores well.‘White Yam' (100 days); also called ‘White Triumph'. White skin covers dry white flesh. One of the oldest sweet potato varieties. Has compact vines. When To Plant Plant slips outdoors 3 to 4 weeks after your last spring frost or once the soil has warmed to at least 65°F (18°C). Nighttime temperatures should be at least 55°F (13°C). The trick is to plant them early enough for them to have time to mature fully, but not so early that they get killed by a late spring frost.Be sure to protect young sweet potatoes from any late frosts or cool nights (lower than 55°F/13°C), as they are very tender. Cover them with plastic milk jugs or use row covers, removing the covers during the day.If you ordered slips from a mail-order source, unpack them right away. Stick the roots in water for a day or so and they'll perk up. Plant them as soon as conditions are right How To Plant Plant the slips on a warm, overcast day, when the soil temperature has reached 60°F (15°C).Break off the lower leaves, leaving only the top ones.Set the slips deep enough to cover the roots and the stem up to the leaves. Sweet potatoes will form on the nodes.Water with a high-phosphorus liquid fertilizer, then water generously for 7 to 10 days to make sure that the plants root well. Common Pest and Diseases Flea beetles: Numerous tiny holes in leaves. Use row covers; mulch heavily; add native plants to invite beneficial insectsFusarium wilt: Yellow/puckered leaves; older leaves drop; wilting vines; plants eventually die; stems under-/near ground may appear slightly blue; stem cross-section reveals brown/purple/black discoloration, especially near ground      Destroy infected plants; choose certified, disease-free slips and resistant varieties; rotate cropsSweet potato scurf: Skin-deep,

    Row by Row Episode 199: Should You Be Using Drip Irrigation

    Play Episode Listen Later May 23, 2022 36:33


    What is drip irrigation? What are the advantages of using drip irrigation, if any? Are there disadvantages to using drip irrigation? Do you bury or not? Let's discuss all things drip irrigation! What is Drip Irrigation? A method of nourishment to crops that involves controlling the amount of water and fertilizer applied across a specific space. In order to improve the efficiency of the irrigation system, water and fertilizers are supplied directly to the crop root zone. This helps to reduce the loss of resources through evaporation, drift, and runoff. Advantages Of Using Drip Irrigation Fewer weeds between rows, putting water only underneath or beside the plantsPrevents disease by minimizing water contact with the leaves, stems, and fruit of plantsWater conservation uses 30-50% less waterWater applications are more frequent which provides a more favorable moisture level for the plants to thrivePrevents overwateringSaves time, money, and water.Decreases labor. Eliminates hours of hand-wateringFertilizer nutrient loss is minimized due to a localized applicationVersatility - can be used anywhere (large and small farms, home gardens, nurseries, urban balconies, rooftops, decks)Improved seed germinationReduces soil erosion Disadvantages Of Drip Irrigation The initial cost is highNeeds regular maintenance Bury Or Not To Bury You should bury the drip tape. It keeps the drip tape straight along the row, keeps the water emitters facing upward, and prevents the tape from twisting over time. It also prevents rats and other pests from being able to chew into the drip tape, causing leaks and headaches. By burying the drip tape, you can direct seed on top of it with our Hoss Garden Seeder which has a rolling colter furrow opener. Product of the Week 8 mil Kit 15 mil Kit Container Watering Kit Fruit Tree Watering Kit Thom Onions Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/Jypl4LPMtEg

    Row by Row Episode 198: What You Should Be Doing In Your Garden In May

    Play Episode Listen Later May 13, 2022 32:22


    What should you be doing in the garden now? Let's talk about Zones 6-9 and the tips you should be applying to your garden now to reap the harvests this season. Don't forget to check out Hoss University for many growing guides on our most popular vegetables! More to come! What You Should Be Doing In Your Garden Now ZONE 9 Succession planting, Cover CropsHeat-loving favorites to plant now are okra, southern peas, and sweet potatoesWatch for disease and nutritional disorders in tomato plants.Pest Control (squash bugs, Aphids, Corn Worms) Watch for thrips, scale, and mites on plants because they become more active in warm weather.Manage Pollinators ZONE 8 ScoutingSweet Potatoes, Succession planting, Cover Crops, SoybeansPest Control (squash Bugs, Aphids, Corn Worms)Manage PollinatorsTomatoes – Stay the course, have a trellis system in place for your tomato patch before the plants begin to sprawl.Take care of the Garden, Stay on top of weeds ZONE 7 Planting should be safe to plant transplants outdoors, direct seedKeep hilling potatoesHarvest leafy greens before they boltSweet Potato slips when the soil is warm enoughStart monitoring for Pest controlFertilization Schedule planning ZONE 6 Last frost date May 1st – First Frost date November 15th, Medium length growing season. Suited to both warm and cold weather plants Amend the soilSweet Potato slips when the soil is warm enoughPlanting should be safe to plant transplants outdoors, direct seedKeep hilling potatoesHarvest leafy greens before they boltStart Planting transplants and direct seedFlowers Product of the Week Mainline To Drip Connector Thom Onions Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/NWDwUoIwTmA

    Row by Row Episode 197: How Much Food Should You Grow To Feed Your Family

    Play Episode Listen Later May 6, 2022 26:51


    Food is essential for survival. Could you survive if there was a food shortage, rising prices, and supply-chain issues? What can you do to be ready? Sheila and Greg discuss how you can prepare for a family, ways to preserve, why you should preserve, and what the latest is on the food shortage. Is There A Food Shortage? Price of wheat up 51%, Price of corn up 20% Supply chain still not recovered from Pandemic, US only imports 20% of its overall food supply from other countries, but due to the import of pesticides and fertilizers that help us produce these crops, a shortage could occur. Considering the rising price of groceries, the slowdown of production in meat packaging, failing farms, labor shortages, and political upheavals lead one to entertain the idea that food storage could possibly be on the horizon. The food shortage is centered around future crop production. You should always plan for the future. How Can We Prepare? Having a 3-month food supply is a great place to start. Start a garden, even if it's small and indoors or in containers, start a garden! You should learn how to preserve food and raise chickens or other livestock. Why Should You Preserve? The question should be... why should you not preserve? Save for later, extend the life of produce, capitalize on seasonal flavor, and know what is in your food, how food was grown, and how it was processed.Save excess food, eliminate waste, save money, become more self-reliant, enjoy the flavor of foods you can't buy in-store, and Share excess with others. Ways To Preserve A few ways to preserve excess harvests are canning, freezing, freeze-drying, fermentation, and pickling. How Much Food Should You Grow To Feed Your Family Be sure to check out our Family Planner on our Hoss University page. Click here! Product of the Week King of the Garden Lima Pole Bean Deli-Star Cucumber Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/K0NkpHHiQEg

    Row by Row Episode: You Should Be Growing Winter Squash

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 29, 2022 46:05


    So you think you can only grow summer squash during the summer? That's not true, you need to be growing winter squash. Hoss and Sheila give you the TOP 10 BEST winter squash to start in your backyard grocery store!

    Row by Row Episode 196: What Pest Control Should You Be Using In The Garden

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 22, 2022 29:54


    Last week we discussed fertilizers, this week it's time to talk about pest control. What is a pesticide, what are the benefits of using them, and are there different types of pest control? Tonight we discuss synthetic and organic methods of controlling those pests in your vegetable garden. What is a Pesticide? Any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest.Any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant. (epa.gov) Types of Pest Control Insecticides (all insecticides are pesticides, but not all pesticides are insecticides)Herbicides (plants/weeds)Rodenticides (mice/rat)Fungicides (fungus)Bactericides (bacteria)Larvicides (larvae) Alternatives to Pesticides A good organic alternative to pesticides is the cultural methods: crop rotation, and interplant mixtures of plants. The biological control method is the use of naturally occurring disease organisms. You can also use pheromones to attract pests to traps. Hormones can cause insect metamorphosis change, if applied at the wrong time in the life cycle, insects can be killed off.  IPM: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT: a combination of pest control methods that keep pest population low without economic loss. Use conventional pesticides sparingly when other methods fail. HOSS Pest Control SPINOSAD Takedown garden spray                        Complete disease control Neem oil                                       Monterey Bt                                         Liquid Copper Fungicide Fruit Tree Spray Plus                      Fruit Tree Spray Plus                            Bug Buster O Diatomaceous Earth                        Horticultural Oil                                 Sluggo Plus Fungi Max                                    Garden Phos                                           Ultra 90 Surfactant Come and Get it II fire ant            Vegetable and Ornamental weeder         Vegetable, flower, fruit, and Ornamental Fungicide                                            Product of the Week Mother's Day Gift Set Titan Sunflower Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/i6KQprbWdx4

    Row by Row Episode 195: What Fertilizers Should You Be Using

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 15, 2022 32:29


    Do you know what fertilizer you should be using? What is the difference in synthetic and organic? Do you really need nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium? With so many questions revolving around fertilizers in the garden, we decided it's time to do a deep dive before we get too far into this 2022 spring/summer season. Facts About Fertilizers Did you know that organic fertilizers feed the soil and synthetic fertilizers feed the plant? Any source of organic matter will, sooner or later, become a soil acid after it has deteriorated into the soil. Manure that is applied to the surface without a soil cover can lose 25% of its nutrients in a single 24-hour period on a sunny, windy day. Calcium Nitrate (or nitrate of lime) is produced by reacting nitric acid with crushed limestone. What Fertilizers Should You Be Using? Part 1 20-20-20 Fertilizer Our 20 20 20 Garden Fertilizer has a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium that works great for fertilizing plants at all stages of growth. This water-soluble formula dissolves easily in water and can be applied by pouring alongside plants or with an injection system. used on any vegetable or plant in your vegetable garden. It works especially great when used early on heavy-feeding crops like tomatoes, onions or corn and it also helps to stimulate early plant growth in heavy-feeding cool crops like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kohlrabi and more! Micro-Boost Micro-Boost is a micronutrient blend specifically designed to improve the yield potential of your vegetable garden plants by maximizing nutrient uptake, promoting a robust root system and an overall healthier plant. It can be used on all crops. Complete Organic Fertilizer Our Complete Organic Fertilizer is a balanced blend made from 100% all-natural, composted chicken manure. Includes 5% Nitrogen, 4% Phosphorous, 3% Potassium and 9% Calcium. OMRI listed for certified organic production. This formulation also includes 9% calcium which is especially important when growing tomatoes, peppers and eggplant. Calcium deficiencies can cause blossom end rot in nightshade (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant) species and is indicated by a rotting on the bottom of the fruit. This fertilizer will provide the adequate calcium to prevent blossom end rot and provide a healthy harvest. What Fertilizers Should You Be Using? Part 2 Calcium Nitrate Fertilizer Calcium Nitrate Fertilizer is a water-soluble formulation that provides fast-acting nitrogen along with calcium to increase fruit quality and prevent blossom end rot. Great for tomatoes, peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and more! This fertilizer contains ammoniacal and nitrate nitrogen, which results in quick uptake and fast growth responses. Nitrate nitrogen also improves the uptake of potassium, calcium and magnesium by the plant. Chilean Nitrate Fertilizer Organic Nitrate Nitrogen nutrient source collected from natural rock deposits found in Atacama desert in chile. Chilean Nitrate Fertilizer provides a non-synthetic, natural source of nitrogen for your vegetable garden. Also known as sodium nitrate, this fertilizer is bagged in a dry, flowable form that is 100% water soluble. OMRI listed for organic use. For side-dressing field corn, popcorn or sweet corn, apply 3.5 lbs per 1,000 square feet at least 2-3 times throughout the life of the plant. We recommend an initial application prior to the first hilling of the corn. Apply the granular fertilizer alongside the row and cover with soil during the hilling process. For other vegetable crops, apply alongside the plants at a rate of 1 cup per 10 feet. Use a hoe or other hand cultivation tool to mix the fertilizer into the soil. Apply every 2-3 weeks or as needed. Products of the Week: Fertilizers Tongues of Fire Bean Oxheart Carrot Indigo Rose Tomato Trinidad Scorpion Pepper Depurple Cauliflower Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/ttk35rcVCDY

    Row by Row Episode 194: Why You NEED This In Your Garden

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 8, 2022 28:03


    We're not talking just "flowers", we're talking pollinators. What are pollinators? Are they important? Why do we need them in the garden? What is the result of lack of or poor pollination in the vegetable garden, how does it affect the economy, and much more?! Join us tonight as we dig in! What Is A Pollinator? Anything that helps carry pollen from male part of the flower (stamen) to the female part of the same or another flower (stigma). Are Bees The Only Insect Pollinators? It can be bees, wasp, moths, butterflies, ants, birds, flies, and small animals including bats. Some, including bees, intentionally collect pollen. Others (butterflies, birds, bats) move pollen accidentally.  Pollen sticks to their bodies and is transported unknowingly from flower to flower resulting in pollination. Why Do We Need Pollinators In The Garden? Food One out of every three bites of food you eat exists because of the efforts of pollinators, including many fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Pollinators not only are necessary for our own food but support the food and habitat of animals. Clean Air Healthy ecosystems depend on pollinators. At least 75 percent of all the flowering plants on earth are pollinated by insects and animals! This amounts to more than 1,200 food crops and 180,000 different types of plants—plants that help stabilize our soils, clean our air, supply oxygen, and support wildlife. Healthy Economy In the United States alone, pollination by honey bees contributed to over $19 billion of crop production in 2010, while pollination by other insect pollinators contributed to nearly $10 billion of crop production. Somewhere between 75% and 95% of all flowering plants on the earth need help with pollination – they need pollinators. The Best Flowers To Attract Pollinators Zinnias, Sunflowers, Hibiscus, Lavender, Lantana, Salvia, Celosia Tips for Pollinators and Pollinator Plants Bees are one of the most important pollinators. They are able to see ultraviolet colors and prefer flowers in shades of yellow, purple and blue. Bees are also attracted to plants with a sweet fragrance. Bees like a few dry, sunny, bare spots with well-drained soil. South-facing slopes are ideal.Butterflies need sunny, open spaces, fresh water and shelter from the wind. As a general rule, butterflies are attracted to purple, white, pink, yellow, orange and red – and less to greens and blues.Hummingbirds need open spaces that allow them to fly from one pollinator to another. They also need a safe place to perch and a few shady spots to rest. They like most nectar-rich, unscented, tube-shaped flowers, but are highly attracted to pink, orange and bright red. Plant a variety of flowers so something is blooming in your pollinator garden throughout the growing season. Plant large patches of pollinator plants, which makes it easier for pollinators to forage. Products of the Week: Jester Pumpkin Ruby Red Onion Glorious Nasturtium Mix Magnolia Blossom Pea Purple Tomatillo Indigo-Sun F1 Tomato Thom Multiplying Onion Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/mUKDc2oAabY

    Row by Row Episode 193: Are You Growing The Right Seeds

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 1, 2022 42:05


    Greg and special guest, Pieter from Seminis (a company that develops, grows, and markets vegetable seeds for the home gardener) do a deep dive into the seeds you should be growing this season! Discussing heirlooms and hybrids, the difference in parthenocarpic, monoecious and gynoecious varieties, pests in tomatoes, best practices for starting seedless watermelon varieties, and much more! CUCUMBERS Hoss carries many types of cucumber varieties. Understanding the scientific terms can be a bit confusing. Let's dive in. Gynoecious cucumbers are varieties that are predominantly female. There are far more female flowers on the plant than male flowers. It provides heavy harvests in a shorter period of time but does require more pollinators in the garden. Monoecious cucumber varieties have more of an equal ratio of female and male flowers and do not require bees as the gynoecious varieties do. They are designed to have more of a longer harvest period. Parthenocarpic varieties are typically what you find in the grocery stores, they will make fruit without being pollinated. PEPPERS Gypsy peppers are great to grow in containers, by pepper growing standards this variety produces early than most other varieties. Roulette Heatless Habanero is the perfect snacking pepper, it gives you the habanero flavor without the heat. The traditional green bell pepper to grow (even in a container) is the King Arthur. There is a trend on social media that people are pinching off the terminal bud of the pepper plant to force lateral growth. We haven't seen any benefits to this method. It is not practiced commercially. TOMATOES Heirloom varieties are becoming more popular again in the home garden, while hybrid varieties are still very popular. Hybrid tomato varieties have been bred to produce more fruit. What is the difference between determinate vs. indeterminate varieties? Determinate tomato varieties require little to no staking of the plant. Indeterminate varieties develop into vines that never top off. Products of the Week: Cucumbers Peppers Tomatoes Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/PxgvAPFxYp0

    Row by Row Episode 192: How To Grow The BEST Watermelons Ever

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 25, 2022 36:57


    We've all struggled to grow watermelon at some point. Many of you may not even want to try and grow watermelons because of all the stories of struggle but we are here to tell you...it's easy! With the right tools and knowledge, we will have you growing watermelons successfully! Types of Watermelon Seedless: Seedless watermelons were developed in the 90's to have small edible seeds. Typically produce 10-20-pound fruits and mature in 85 days and require a pollinator variety. (Tailgate, Harvest Moon, Summer Breeze, Tripe Play, Treasure Chest, Captivation, Yellow Buttercup, Icebox: Specifically bred to be small enough to fit in a refrigerator and feed one person or a small family. Round fruits average between 5-15 pounds and mature in 75 days. (Sugar Baby, Black Tail) Yellow and Orange: Specifically bred to be small enough to fit in a refrigerator and feed one person or a small family. Round fruits average between 5-15 pounds and mature in 75 days. (Tender sweet Orange, Yellow Doll, Orangelo) Picnic: The largest watermelon variety weighs in between 16 and 45 pounds. Makes a great option to feed large crowds. Oblong fruits will mature in 85-90 days. (Crimson Sweet, Sangria, Georgia Rattlesnake, Moon and Stars, Charleston Gray, Carolina Cross 180, Jubilee, Jamboree, Congo, Dulce Fantasia) Seed Starting Dates Wondering when you should start your watermelon seeds for your zone? See the list below: Zone 10 - 12/15 Zone 9 - 1/15 Zone 8- 2/20 Zone 7- 3/15 Zone 6 - 4/1 Zone 5 - 4/20 Transplanting Your Watermelon Seedlings Once your watermelon seedlings have at least 2 sets of true leaves, the weather is warm enough for the soil to maintain at least 70°F, and the plants have a healthy root system, your seedlings are ready to transplant into the ground. The most important thing to remember when transplanting watermelons is to take extra care with the root systems. They are very delicate and disturbing them could result in the loss of your plant. When the plants can easily be pulled from the seed tray cells, that is a good indication that they are ready to go in the ground. If they don't come out of the trays easily, that's okay. You can help them out by very gently pushing them through the hole in the bottom of the 162 cell seed starting tray. Watermelon Seedling Planting Depth Row Spacing – 4 to 6 feet Plant Spacing – 2 to 3 feet Planting Depth (Plants) – Soil Level When choosing a spot to plant your watermelons, make sure it it has full sun and won't be shaded by other plants. Product of the Week: Black Mountain Watermelon Orangeglo Watermelon Lilly Crenshaw Melon Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/6o1as-OyXRs

    Row by Row Episode 191: Best Vegetables To Grow In Containers and Raised Beds

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 18, 2022 46:05


    Small space gardening is growing in popularity and is becoming more of a necessity in these trying times. What can you grow in raised beds? What can you grow in containers? Tonight, Greg and special guest, Tracy with Sakata Seeds go over the Best vegetables you can and should grow in your raised beds and containers. Container Gardening: Plants that work well for containers The Little Birdy Series includes a great selection of compact, determinant plants. These are great for hanging baskets, containers, grow bags, and raised beds. Rosy Finch, Yellow Canary, and Red Robin Peppers Lola Banana Pepper Arapaho Cayenne Ruby Delite Lemon Delite Orange Delite Cinder Jalapeno Orange You Sweet Right on Red Yes To Yellow Lettuce Red Tide Green Tiger Red Dragon Herbs Dill Large Italian Basil Santo Cilantro Okra Green Fingers Jambalaya Beets Kestrel Merlin Broccoli Green Magic Godzilla Vegetables for Raised Beds This also includes all of the seeds from the Container gardening list above. Summer Squash Green Zebra Zucchini Cometa Determinate Tomatoes Shelby Hossinator Bella Rosa Roadster Product of the Week: Seed Starting Supplies New Seeds for 2022 Root Pouch Grow Bags Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/ewpMy-dP1mg

    Row by Row Episode 190: Everything You Need To Know About Growing Sweet Corn

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 11, 2022 34:36


    One of the most popular vegetables in the United States is corn, especially sweet corn. Scientists believe people living in central Mexico developed corn at least 7,000 years ago. It started from a wild grass known as teosinte. Tonight we discuss when to plant, where to plant, water requirements, and much more. General Information Sweet corn is a warm-season crop and must be planted after the soil warms and there is no more danger of frost; at least above 55 degrees F. (13 C.). If you plant super sweet corn, be sure the soil is at least 65 degrees F. (18 C.), as super sweet corn prefers a warmer climate.Plant the corn seeds about 1 inch deep and 3 to 4 inches apart in the row. Space the rows 2½ to 3 feet apart. After the plants are up, thin them to 1 foot apart. If you plant them closer, your corn will have small, poorly-filled ears. Plant in full sun Part 2 Sweet corn must self-pollinate or pollinate by a similar variety. Wind moves corn pollen from the tassel at the top of the plant to the silks of the ears, and to lower parts of the plant.Always plant corn in blocks of at least four rows. Corn planted in a single row will have much of its pollen blown out of the row, and will produce ears that have blank areas where kernels did not form.If you garden in an agricultural area, try to plant your sweet corn 300 feet from the nearest cornfield. Large acreages of field corn will produce so much pollen that you could spoil your crop unless you plant your sweet corn far enough away.Different varieties produce pollen at different times, so you can isolate them by time. Since different varieties will respond individually to growing conditions, do not isolate them with less than two weeks until the given “days to maturity” in the variety description.You can also plant one variety earlier than another variety to achieve the needed difference in pollen production. Water Requirements Water sweet corn as needed to keep it from wilting. Do not let corn suffer from lack of water when the kernels are forming.One inch of rainfall per week is good for your corn.Drip Irrigation is best to use with corn Pests and Diseases Two insect pests that feed on the developing ears of corn are corn earworm and European corn borer. Smut causes firm, tumor-like growths on leaves, stems, ears and tassels. Look for smut galls throughout the season and cut them out before they produce spores. Remove these galls from the garden and bury them. Do not compost them. Leaf rust appears as rusty orange streaks on leaves that release an abundance of powdery orange spores. Rust resistant varieties are available and are the best form of control. Use good cultural control practices to reduce disease problems to a good level and allow for a successful harvest. Harvesting Corn is ready for harvest about 3 weeks after the tassel grows on top of the corn plant. Corn is ripe when juice from the kernels is milky white, the silk on the ears has turned dark brown. The best time to pick corn is in the early morning or evening when it is cool. Place it uncovered in the refrigerator for 1 or 2 days. Corn stored for more than 2 days loses its sweetness. Product of the Week: Sweet Corn Mexican Sour Gherkin Austin's Red Pear Tomato Hoss Green Blaze Bush Bean Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/7Fnbwc_f2ik

    Row by Row Episode 189: Top 7 Tips To Successfully Grow Okra

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 4, 2022 40:01


    While okra may be considered a "southern thing", it can be grown in most USDA planting zones. There are many benefits to adding okra to your "things to grow this season" list, okra is an excellent source of vitamins and it is one of the easiest things to grow in the garden. Most okra varieties are heat-lovers, have low watering needs, and the beneficial pollinators love the blooms. What variety should you grow? Let's discuss! General Information: Excellent source of vitamins A, C, Folate, and magnesium.  Low in calories and carbs. Provides protein that many other fruits and vegetables lack. Contains antioxidants that contributes to brain and heart health.So many ways to cook, roasted, grilled, sauteed, fried, pickled, soups, gumbo, freeze dried. Comes in 2 colors, Pods usually green, but numerous red varieties out there as well.Okra is an annual. Okra grows the best in hardiness zones 6 – 11. You can grow okra in zone 5 but will need to take greater care with the plants.It does especially well in the south in growing zone 7 and zone 8. In zones 9, 10, and 11, watch for early consistent temperatures over 100 degrees which can stunt growth if they aren't watered enough. Okra takes 50 – 65 days to grow and matureThe ideal growing temperature is 75 – 90 degrees.  Starting Seeds: (soak or not to soak?) Takes longer to germinate, have to be patient, 5-17 days Transplants: Likes soil temps of 65-degree F to germinate. Will need a heat mat with thermostat. For transplants start 4-6 weeks before last frost date. Will need to harden off before planting outdoors. Be careful transplanting. If root breaks, it will not thrive. (taproot) (fragile roots) Water immediately after transplanting. For direct sow: evening temp above 60 after last possible frost date. (Northerners can lay black plastic over planting location 1 month before planting to raise soil temps) Plant seeds 3/4″ – 1″ deep. Plant spacing 2 feet apart, Row spacing 3-4 feet apart (grows over 6 feet and 3 feet wide, need plenty of space) Be sure to read you seed package information specific to the variety you are planting. Location: Choose a location that receives full sun. 12-16 hours daylight Okra loves the heat Grows best with pH that is close to neutral, anything 6.0-8.0 will workWell-draining soil amended with lots of compost or organic matter Water Requirements: Okra has low water needs and doesn't like wet feet.No more than 1 inch per week if no rain.Water under foliage, right at ground level to avoid getting leaves wet.Best to water in mornings so water on leaves will evaporate during the day. Fertilization: Prior to planting, Complete organic fertilizer, compost, organic matterMicro boost, Fish emulsion Pest and Diseases: Not particularly prone to pest or disease, usually manageableUse crop rotation, high quality seed, keep garden clean removing old vegetationPowdery mildew (white and powdery spots) of in humid, overly moist conditionsFungus is possibility where there is too much moister (drooping yellow leaves)Root knot nematodeAntsAphids Harvesting: itching, irritation when harvested. Can grow spineless varieties.  Recommend wearing long sleeves and gloves to protect skin.Check daily, grow quickly within a few days after flowering.Most varieties intended to be picked when the pods are no longer than 3 inches long. Usually every other dayPods grow fast, pick frequently to encourage the plant to produce more pods.  The larger pods taste woody and need to be tossed, don't let go to seed.Best to snip rather than snap due to fragile roots.Can be stored in fridge 2-3 days Saving Seeds: Open pollinated varieties will produce replicas of parent plantsMake sure plants are isolated from other okra varietiesPollinated by insects that can bring pollen from plants.Only grow one variety if wanting to save the seedsSome can remain viable up to several years, best to use them the next growing season

    Row by Row Episode 188: Direct Seeding VS. Transplanting

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 25, 2022 29:37


    Whether you are a novice gardener or seasoned veteran, it is very important to understand the differences between transplanting and direct sowing. Advantages and Disadvantages to each method. A lot depends on both the vegetable and time of year. Direct Seeding Pros Some things don't tolerate transplanting. Spinach, beets, carrots, peas are examples that like to start and finish in same placeThings that are quick to germinate. Radishes, beans, peas, beets, and turnips.Requires less labor and ten to mature fasterMore cost effective, especially if growing in large quantity.Better drought tolerance Cons Can be riskier, due to contending with weather and weed pressureCrowded plants, need to thin so plants don't compete for light, water, and nutrients.Direct sown crops occupy the land longer than the same crop transplanted.Direct sown crops may be harder to get started in cold (or hot) conditions. Vegetables to Direct Seed Beans                         Corn                           Turnips Carrots                      Zucchini                    Bunching Onions Peas                           Radish Spinach                     Squashes Transplanting Pros Starting with baby plants can give you more control and predictable resultsSeeds started in more ideal conditions, easier to care forTransplants give you a huge jumpstart on the season, start earlierIncrease harvest with succession planting.Transplants can be more resistant to insect and other pest pressure.Plants that have already developed roots and other systems are stronger, making them less vulnerable to outside conditions. Cons Extending the season by starting earlier does mean more work.It takes extra time caring for the starts, as they won't get water if you don't provide it.Transplant shock can delay harvest – be sure to learn and practice good techniques.More attention is needed to watering new plants after transplanting, (compared to direct sowing) as some root damage is almost inevitable. (Plug flats and soil blocks minimize root damage.)You need a good greenhouse set-up if you plan to grow lots of transplants. Vegetables to Transplant (start in trays) Herbs                               Eggplant                    Peppers         Cabbage Collards                           Kale                            Scallions Broccoli                           Kohlrabi                    Tomato Leeks                                Onion                      Watermelon Vegetables to Direct Seed or Transplant Okra Zinnias Sunflowers Beets Roselle Lettuce Product of the Week: Seed Starting Supplies New Seeds for 2022 Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/yMnCmzaDlio

    Row by Row Episode 187: Gardening With Hot Ones – PEPPERS – How to Grow and What To Avoid

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 18, 2022 33:21


    It's about to get heated! Hoss is gonna sweat! It's all about peppers tonight! What types of peppers are there, what is the science behind the heat, how should you grow and what should you avoid? Be sure to check out the podcast or video for ALL the hotness! Facts About Peppers Peppers contain only 20 calories per 100 grams, making them low-calorie and healthy. They are a great source of Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and Vitamin B6. They also contain vitamin E, vitamin B2, vitamin K, folate, potassium, manganese, magnesium, and phosphorus. One pepper contains as much as 300% of your daily requirement of Vitamin C!  Spiciness measurement. There are the SHU scale or Scoville Heat Units. Which was named after American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville, who first invented it in 1912. SHU varying from 0 for bell peppers to 3,200,000 SHU for some extremely hot peppers. Types of Peppers Capsicum annum: (AN-yoo-um) Most common, various shapes and flavors. Almost all sweet and have thicker walls.  Ideal for sauces. Bell, cayenne, jalapeno, banana, Poblano, pimento, Capsicum frutescens: (froo-TESS-enz) Often used as ornamental peppers, typically colorful, small, mid to intense heat levels. Tabasco Pepper: great for hot sauce or pepper sauce, 90 days Serrano Pepper: Slightly hotter than jalapeno Capsicum baccatum: (bah-COT-tum or bah-KAY-tum) Best for drying. Spicy, fruity flavor, generally disease resistant. Mad Hatter Pepper: Originating from Bolivia and Peru, the Mad Hatter has been widely adapted to grow easily throughout most of the U.S. and matures from green to bright red Capsicum chinense: (chi-NEN-see) Habanero-type, thin-walled. Fruity flavor, heat dispersed throughout pepper. Hottest species Ghost Pepper: One of world's hottest peppers 1,000.000 Scoville units Helious habanero pepper: Hybrid, Intense heat with citrusy flavor Chocolate Habanero pepper: 425,000-577,000 Scoville heat with a hint of smoky flavor Habanero Orange Pepper:  chile pepper with a sweet fruity flavor that packs intense pungent heat. Capsicum pubescens: (pew-BES-enz) Most Unique, meaty, juicy apple-shaped fruit with black seeds. From South America Product of the Week: North Georgia Candy Roaster Mattadorres Roasting Pepper Mad Hatter Pepper Green Fingers Okra Seed Potatoes Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/CZ3DfS226KI

    Row by Row Episode 186: The Best Way To Plant Seed Potatoes

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 11, 2022 34:50


    It's about that time! We've got most of the seed potato orders out, now it's time to get into the dirty details of seed potato planting! What type of potato should you plant, should you plant in-ground or in raised beds, does soil temperatures matter, and so much more! What Type of Potato Should You Plant? 7 types of potatoes: Russet, White, Red, Yellow, Blue/Purple, Fingerling, PetiteEarly Season (90 days or less), Midseason (100 plus days), Late Season (110 days or more)Determinate and Indeterminate Potatoes Spring Potato Planting Schedule By Zone Soil temperature and maturation timing are extremely important in growing your potatoes. Ideally, you want to get your seeds in the ground 2-4 weeks before the last frost of Spring. The warmer your climate, the sooner you'll need to plant. Preparing and Planting In-ground planting: Rowing spacing needs to be 3-4 feet apart. Plant spacing should be 6-12 inches and planting depth should be 3-6 inches. Raised bed planting: Row spacing needs to be 2 feet apart. You'll want to space your plants 6-12 inches apart (same as in-ground planting), and the depth should also be the same (3-6 inches deep). Hilling Your Potatoes As your plants grow, they will need special maintenance throughout the season. Every 1-2" that potatoes grow, they are going to need extra support by mounding up dirt loosely around the base. This process is called "hilling", it is very important in the growth cycle and the root development of your potatoes. Hilling also helps with weed suppression, plant support, and frost protection as well as keeping the potatoes out of the sunlight, which could cause them to turn green and become inedible. Indeterminate potatoes require more hilling due to their upward growth habit. Growing Potatoes in Containers Potatoes are very well suited to grow in containers and can make an excellent choice for small space gardening. While it is a very similar process as in-ground growing, there are a few differences in the process. Depending on the size of your container, you'll want to fill it with 4-6 inches of prepared soil and place it in full sun. Be sure to get the correct spacing because they will need a good bit of room to grow. For example, our 15-gallon root pouch can comfortably grow 4 potato plants and give the root structure plenty of room for a big harvest. You'll want to "layer" your soil the way you would "hill" with in-ground planting. Continually add soil to the top of the plant to cover the new stems at the bottom until the container is full of soil. Hoss University Be sure to check out the Potato Growing Guide on our website for lots more growing information! More on irrigation, fertilizer needs, disease protection and SO MUCH MORE! CLICK HERE! Product of the Week: Shelby Tomato Purple Ruffles Basil Seed Potatoes Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/YtjtaHaKI9g

    Row by Row Episode 185: Are you making these MISTAKES when starting your seeds?

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 4, 2022 33:19


    Let's talk about the tips & techniques of seed starting. Evaluating your seed starting method is extremely important, is it art or skill? Where should you start your seeds? Are you using the correct soil? Are you planting at the right depth for each variety? Let's discuss! Important Tips of Seed Starting Here's what you need to remember: Keep Records/Journal to record when seeds are sown, germination, success rate and date transplanted. Tracy (justdigitfarms) did excellent video last week.Purchase seed from a trusted source (high quality) (germination rates) check seed packet for specific directionsKeep seeds stored properly: Cool dark location with low humiditySelect the correct seed-staring mixPlant in correct container/seed starting tray (drainage holes) (plant markers)Plant proper depthKeep seed starting mix moistWarm locationFertilize when seedlings have true leavesThin if needed, step up as neededPest Control Evaluate Your Method Indoor Vs outdoor: Indoor: Got to have lights, Heat mats, more expensive, less fluctuation in temps, limited space. Temperatures of 65 to 75 to germinate (ambient temp). Don't plant too early Outdoor, (in green house.) more fluctuation in temps got to run heaters, less expensive (Sort of) can start more seeds. Unpredictable weather Overall Problems in Seed Starting Germination: Humidity + tempDamping offLeggy seedlingsNutrition: begin once true leaves emerge Correct These Issues Have heat mat and some type of humidity Drainage! Airflow Light and light. Strat over if plants are leggy. Harden off if needed/acclimated to direct sunlight Product of the Week: Cog Hill Sunflower Collection Seed Starting Supplies Seed Potatoes Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/jBYhaO6LJBY

    Row by Row Episode 184: Let’s Talk About Tomatoes

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 28, 2022 30:09


    Our friend, Craig Howell from Sakata sits down with us to discuss all things tomatoes. What's coming to the home gardener this season, what certain tomato terms mean, what makes a good tomato, and so much more! We also choose our new name for the Hoss tomato variety! Hoss' Most Popular Tomato Varieties Bella RosaRed SnapperRoadsterTachiSweet HeartsHossinator (STM2255) What Makes A Good Tomato Disease ResistanceSmoothnessHeat SetTaste What Varieties Is Hoss Trialing? This season we will be trialing 3 new varieties! RamblerThunderbirdShelby Little Known Fact Most organic growers use hybrid varieties as their #1 to grow! Product of the Week: Amarillo Gold Rudbeckia Hossinator Tomato Striped Carosello Cucumber Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/LXoE3t8mg1A

    Row by Row Episode 183: Making The Most Out Of Your Small Space

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 21, 2022 28:50


    No matter how large or small your garden is, every grower wants to get the most out of their space. What if you only have a 20 x 20 space? Let's talk about small space gardening, what important factors to think of when planning your garden, and which varieties to plant. Garden Site Considerations Good SoilPlenty SunshineWater SourcePollinationPossibly Fence How To Select Varieties Choose Compact VarietiesGrow VerticallyCompanion PlantingSuccession PlantingCrop Rotation 20 x 20 Small Space Garden Layout We have taken a 20 x 20 garden and made a Spring Garden Plan to get the most out of every square foot of garden space. This plan utilizes thick planting methods, vertical gardening, and smaller 3.5' raised beds with a well-producing pollinator breaking up the quadrants. Some of us picked our favorite varieties that we would plant in our space but encourage to try different varieties and see what works for you. Q1: Kentucky Pole Bean, National Pickling Cucumber, Lemon Boy, Golden Delight Zucchini Q2: Jambalaya Okra, Merlin Beet, Mini Bell Pepper Mix, Nadia Eggplant Q3: Elephant Garlic, French Breakfast Radishes, Yukon Gold, Warrior Bunching Onions Q4: Tarragon and Parsley, Cilantro and Dill, Thyme and Sage, Lemon Basil Product of the Week: Root Pouch Trellis Netting New Seeds For 2022 Seed Potatoes Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/1XiuTkONCA0

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