This Week in Virology

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TWiV is a weekly netcast about viruses - the kind that make you sick. Brought to you by four university professors and a science writer.

Vincent Racaniello


    • May 21, 2023 LATEST EPISODE
    • weekdays NEW EPISODES
    • 1h 30m AVG DURATION
    • 1,034 EPISODES


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    Latest episodes from This Week in Virology

    TWiV 1009: Nidovirus on the water

    Play Episode Listen Later May 21, 2023 66:49


    Vincent travels to Montreux, Switzerland and the 16th International Nidovirus Symposium, where he speaks with Maria von Kerkhove, the face of COVID-19 for the World Health Organization, and Kanta Subbarao, Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Influenza in Melbourne. Host: Vincent Racaniello Guests: Kanta Subbarao and Maria von Kerkhove Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode MicrobeTV Discord Server Nidovirus Symposium, Montreux WHO Collaborating Centre for Influenza, Melbourne Maria von Kerkhove (Wikipedia) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1008: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later May 20, 2023 32:15


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses variant specific clinical performance of a SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen test with focus on omicron VOC, ventilation in buildings, COVID-19 mortality among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor users, risk of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with pre-coronavirus disease obstructive sleep apnea diagnoses, trajectories of the evolution of post COVID-19 condition, and efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy targeting severe fatigue following COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Virus variant clinical performance of a SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen test (CID) Ventilation in buildings (CDC) COVID-19 mortality among SSRI users (CMI) Risk of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with sleep apnea (SLEEP) Trajectories of the evolution of post COVID-19 condition (IJID) Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy targeting fatigue following COVID-19 (CAD) Contribute to our FIMRC fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 1008 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1007: Fragile DNA, viruses, cancer

    Play Episode Listen Later May 14, 2023 100:51


    TWiV explains genetic changes in nOPV2 strains that paralyzed children, outbreak of raccoon distemper in Toronto, EcoHealth Alliance gets its NIH grant back, and breakage at chromosomal fragile sites caused by the EBNA1 protein of Epstein-Barr virus as a mechanism for carcinogenesis. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Rich Condit, Kathy Spindler, and Angela Mingarelli Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Register for ASV 2023 Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) MicrobeTV Discord Server nOPV2 after two years (Polioeradication) Raccoon distemper in Toronto (CityNews Everywhere) NIH reinstates EcoHealth grant (Nature) Chromosomal breakage by EBNA1 (Nature) Agent of chromosomal instability (Nature) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Angela – Night Science Kathy – Kermit, Jim Henson, Rainbow Connection Rich – Alexander Skarsgård Explains the Answer to Everything Vincent – Beyond the Noise with Dr. Paul Offit Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1006: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later May 13, 2023 43:27


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses immunogenicity and tolerability of a bivalent virus-like particle norovirus vaccine candidate in children from 6 months up to 4 years of age, influenza hemagglutinin stem nanoparticle vaccine induces cross-group 1 neutralizing antibodies in healthy adults, COVID-19 surveillance after expiration of the public health emergency declaration, provisional mortality data, targeted vaccine messaging to promote COVID-19 vaccines for children and youth, vaccines and related biological products advisory committee meeting June 15, 2023 announcement, how to overhaul the CDC, impact of SARS-CoV-2 variants on inpatient clinical outcome, prevalence of post-coronavirus disease condition 12 weeks after Omicron infection compared with negative controls and association with vaccination status, gut bacteria cocktail helps long COVID, and gut microbiota‐derived symbiotic formula (SIM01) as a novel adjuvant therapy for COVID‐19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Immunogenicity and tolerability of a bivalent norovirus vaccine in children (HVI) Influenza hemagglutinin stem nanoparticle vaccine induces neutralizing antibodies in healthy adults (STM) COVID-19 surveillance after expiration of the public health emergency declaration (CDC) Provisional mortality data (CDC) Targeted messaging to promote COVID-19 vaccines for children and youth (Pediatrics) Vaccines and biological products advisory committee meeting announcement (FDA) How to overhaul the C.D.C (NYTIMES) Impact of SARS-CoV-2 variants on inpatient clinical outcome (CID) Prevalence of post-COVID19 condition 12 weeks after Omicron infection and vaccination status (CID) Gut bacteria cocktail helps long COVID (MedPage) Gut microbiota‐derived synbiotic formula as a therapy for COVID‐19 (NIH) Contribute to our FIMRC fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 1006 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1005: COVID T vax and a virus from the blue

    Play Episode Listen Later May 7, 2023 98:26


    TWiV reveals plankton-infecting relatives of herpesviruses in the sunlit oceans, and a vaccine encoding non-spike T cell antigens that protects animals from severe SARS-CoV-2 infection. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Register for ASV 2023 Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) MicrobeTV Discord Server Mirusviruses link herpesvirus to giant viruses (Nature) Tara Oceans expeditions T cell vaccine protects against severe COVID (Cell) Letters read on TWiV 1005 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Brianne – Immune #67: Can T cells Live Forever? Kathy – Hazel Scott, Trinidad Jazz star Alan – The Last Navigator, Steve Thomas Vincent – Nasal Spray Covid Vaccines: Hope or Hype? Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1004: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later May 6, 2023 52:59


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approving Arexvy: the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine approved for use in the United State, association between SARS-CoV-2 and metagenomic content of samples from the Huanan Seafood Market, researchers disagree over how bad it is to be reinfected and whether COVID-19 can cause lasting changes to the immune system, virtual care and emergency department use during the COVID-19 pandemic among patients of family physicians in Canada, vaccination with BCG-Denmark did not result in a lower risk of COVID-19 among health care workers than placebo, NVX-CoV2373 vaccine efficacy against hospitalization, comparative effectiveness of the SARS-COV-2 vaccines during Delta dominance, assessment of gender-specific COVID-19 case fatality risk per malignant neoplasm type, clinical outcomes following treatment for COVID-19 with Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir and Molnupiravir among patients living in nursing homes, timing of intubation and ICU mortality in COVID-19 patients, real-life experience with Remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19 among older adults, and how long COVID brain fog and muscle pain are associated with longer time to clearance of SARS-CoV-2 RNA from the upper respiratory tract during acute infection. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode FDA approves Arexvy, the first RSV vaccine approved in the US (FDA) Association between SARS-CoV-2 and content of samples from the Huanan Seafood Market (bioRxiv) Researchers disagree over how bad it is to be reinfected with COVID-19 and lasting changes to the immune system (Nature) Virtual care and emergency department use during the COVID-19 Pandemic among patients of family physicians (JAMA) Vaccination with BCG-Denmark did not result in a lower risk of COVID-19 among health care workers (NEJM) NVX-CoV2373 vaccine efficacy against hospitalization (Vaccine) Comparative effectiveness of the SARS-COV-2 vaccines during Delta (Cell) Assessment of gender-specific COVID-19 case fatality risk (JAMA) Clinical outcomes following treatment for COVID-19 with Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir and Molnupiravir (JAMA) Timing of intubation and ICU mortality in COVID-19 patients (BMC) Real-life experience with Remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19 (JAC) Long COVID brain fog and muscle pain are associated with longer time to clearance of SARS-CoV-2 RNA (Frontiers) Contribute to our FIMRC fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 1004 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1003: Going clinically viral

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 30, 2023 86:09


    Vincent and Kathy travel to Atlanta for APHL ID Lab Con, a conference focused on the latest developments in detecti​​on and characterization of infectious diseases of public health concern, and speak with Megan, Ryan, and Kirsten about the workings of public health and clinical laboratories. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello and Kathy Spindler Guests: Megan Crumpler, Ryan Relich, and Kirsten St. George Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode MicrobeTV Discord Server APHL Lab ID CON Association of Public Health Laboratories Orange County Public Health Laboratory Division of Clinical Microbiology, Indiana University Health Virology Laboratory, NYSDOH Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1002: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 29, 2023 44:23


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses completeness and spin of medRxiv preprints and associated published abstracts of COVID-19 randomized clinical trials, lessons learned from a COVID-19 dog screening pilot in California K-12 schools, SARS-CoV-2 reinfection and severity of the disease, effectiveness of COVID-19 bivalent vaccine, Molnupiravir and risk of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19, risk of new-onset long Covid following reinfection with SARS-CoV-2, low vitamin D levels associated with long COVID syndrome in COVID-19 survivors, and clinical experience with the α2A-adrenoceptor agonist, guanfacine, and N-acetylcysteine for the treatment of cognitive deficits in “Long-COVID19”. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 1002 (27 MB .mp3, 44 min) Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Completeness and spin of medRxiv preprint and published abstracts of COVID-19 randomized clinical trials (JAMA) Lessons learned from a COVID-19 dog screening pilot (JAMA) SARS-CoV-2 reinfection and severity of the disease (Viruses) Effectiveness of COVID-19 bivalent vaccine (medRxiv) Molnupiravir and risk of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (BMJ) Risk of new-onset long Covid following reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 (medRxiv) Low vitamin D levels are associated with Long COVID in COVID-19 survivors (JCEM) Clinical experience with the α2A-adrenoceptor agonist, guanfacine, and N-acetylcysteine for treatment of Long-COVID19 (NIH) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 1002 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1001: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 23, 2023 54:15


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses an update on vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreaks, how the dream of wiping out polio might need a rethink, risk of death in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 vs seasonal Influenza in fall-winter, French Mpox cluster includes fully vaccinated patients, two individuals with potential Mpox virus reinfection, epidemiologic and clinical features of Mpox-associated deaths, FDA authorizes changes to simplify use of bivalent mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, SARS-CoV-2 during Omicron variant predominance among infants born to people with SARS-CoV-2, severe maternal morbidity and mortality of pregnant patients with COVID-19 infection during the early pandemic period in the US, sickness presenteeism in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, ventilation improvements among k–12 public school districts, risk factors and vectors for SARS-CoV-2 household transmission, SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies after bivalent versus monovalent, durability of bivalent boosters against Omicron subvariants, Nirmatrelvir and risk of hospital admission or death in adults with COVID-19, evolving real-world effectiveness of monoclonal antibodies for treatment of COVID-19, effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker initiation on organ support–free days in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, efficacy and safety of Anakinra plus standard of care for patients with severe COVID-19, higher dose corticosteroids in patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 who are hypoxic but not requiring ventilatory support, risk of autoimmune diseases in patients with COVID-19, definition of post–COVID-19 condition among published research studies, and sleep disturbance severity and correlates in post-acute sequelae of COVID-19.  Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Update on vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreaks (CDC) The dream of wiping out polio might need a rethink (NPR) Risk of death in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 vs influenza (JAME) French mpox cluster includes fully vaccinated patients (CIDRAP) Two individuals with potential Monkeypox reinfection (The Lancet) Epidemiologic and clinical features of Mpox-associated deaths (CDC) FDA authorizes changes to simplify use of Bivalent mRNA COVID-19 vaccines (FDA) Omicron variant predominance among infants born to people with SARS-CoV-2 (Pediatrics) Severe maternal morbidity and mortality of pregnant patients with COVID-19 (JAMA)  Sickness presenteeism in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic (ICHE) Ventilation improvements among K–12 public school districts (CDC) Risk factors and vectors for SARS-CoV-2 household transmission (The Lancet) SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibodies after bivalent vs monovalent (The Lancet) Durability of bivalent boosters against Omicron subvariants (NEJM) Nirmatrelvir and risk of hospital admission or death in adults with COVID-19 (BMJ) Real world effectiveness of Monoclonal Antibodies for treatment of COVID-19 (AIM) Study on ACE inhibitor and ARB effect on COVID-19 patient outcomes (JAMA) Efficacy and safety of Anakinra plus standard of care for patients with severe COVID-19 (JAMA) High-dose corticosteroids in non-ventilated COVID-19 patients with hypoxia (The Lancet) Risk of autoimmune diseases in patients with COVID-19 (eClinical) Definition of post–COVID-19 condition (JAMA) Sleep disturbance severity and correlates in Post-acute Sequelae of COVID-19 (JGIM) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Letters read on TWiV 1001 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 1000: Live from New York, 1k epitopes of virology

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 23, 2023 75:51


    The entire TWiV team gathers at a theatre in New York City to celebrate a milestone in science podcasting, to reminisce how they joined the show, and to play a game of TWiV Jeopardy. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Rich Condit, Kathy Spindler, Brianne Barker, Daniel Griffin, and Angela Mingarelli Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode TWiV #1: West Nile virus TWiV #100: TWiV catches a big fish TWiV #200: Threading the NEIDL TWiV #300: So happy together TWiV #400: Harold ‘400' Varmus, a scientist for all seasons TWiV #500: Keep virology weird Randal Despommier Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

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    TWiV 999: Vaccinated to the nines

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 9, 2023 114:33


    TWiV notes Ashish Jha's call for doctors to combat a vacuum of medical information while ignoring our contributions, China CDC's surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 at the Huanan Seafood Market, and an experimental infectious attenuated COVID-19 vaccine that elicits superior mucosal and systemic immunity in hamsters. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Register for ASV 2023 MicrobeTV Discord Server Jha ignores TWiV contribution to disseminating science information (STAT) Surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 at the Huanan Market (Science) Pandas in the Huanan Market? (ArsTechnica) Infectious attenuated COVID-19 vaccine candidate (Nature Micro) Virus attenuation by codon pair deoptimization (Cell Rep) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Conductor/composer: Gill Evans. Produced Sketches of Spain, Porgy And Bess. Quincey Jones. Numerous albums, all kinds of music. Duke Ellington. Prolific musician, pianist, and composer. Antonio Carlos Jobim. Signature album: Sound track from the film – Black Orpheus. Signature songs: Girl From Ipanema; The Waters of March. Brianne – This is what it sounds like when plants cry Kathy – I know who you are by Barbara Rae-Venter Alan – Svalbard seed vault virtual tour Vincent – We're Asking the Impossible of Vaccines by Katherine Wu Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 998: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 8, 2023 52:17


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses the White House COVID adviser calling on doctors to combat a vacuum of medical information, adeno-associated virus type 2 in US children with acute severe hepatitis, genomic investigations of unexplained acute hepatitis in children, surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 at the Huanan seafood market, vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization among adolescent and pediatric SARS-CoV-2 cases between May 2021 and January 2022 in Canada, effectiveness of BNT162b2 after extending the primary series dosing interval in children and adolescents aged 5–17, prevalence and characteristics associated with post–COVID-19 condition among non-hospitalized adolescents and young adults, within-host genetic diversity of SARS-CoV-2 lineages in unvaccinated and vaccinated individuals, live-attenuated vaccine sCPD9 elicits superior mucosal and systemic immunity to SARS-CoV-2 variants in hamsters, Fc-γR-dependent antibody effector functions are required for vaccine-mediated protection against antigen-shifted variants of SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 convalescent plasma utilization in the United States, FDA authorizes Gohibic (vilobelimab) injection for the treatment of COVID-19, anti-C5a antibody IFX-1 (vilobelimab) treatment versus best supportive care for patients with severe COVID-19 (PANAMO), anti-C5a antibody (vilobelimab) therapy for critically ill, invasively mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19, triple combination therapy with two antivirals and monoclonal antibodies for persistent or relapsed SARS-CoV-2 infection in immunocompromised patients, and the breadth of the neutralizing antibody response to original SARS-CoV-2 infection is linked to the presence of long COVID symptoms. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode White House COVID adviser calls on doctors to combat medical information (STAT) Adeno-associated virus type 2 in US children with acute severe hepatitis (Nature) Genomic investigations of unexplained acute hepatitis in children (Nature) Surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 at the Huanan Seafood Market (ChinaXiv) Vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization among pediatric SARS-CoV-2 cases (PLOS) Effectiveness of BNT162b2 after extending the series dosing interval in children (Nature) Prevalence and characteristics associated with post–COVID-19 condition (JAMA) Within-host genetic diversity of SARS-CoV-2 lineages in unvaccinated and vaccinated individuals (Nature) Replication-competent-attenuated vaccine sCPD9 elicits immunity to SARS-CoV-2 variants (Nature) Fc-γR antibody functions needed for SARS-CoV-2 variant protection via vaccination (Nature) COVID-19 convalescent plasma utilization in the United States (CID) FDA authorizes Gohibic injection for the treatment of COVID-19  (FDA) IFX-1 antibody vs. supportive care for severe COVID-19 patients (Lancet) Vilobelimab therapy for COVID-19 critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation (Lancet) Triple combo therapy for relapsed SARS-CoV-2 in immunocompromised patients with antivirals and antibodies (CID) Neutralizing antibody response breadth to SARS-CoV-2 tied to Long COVID presence (medRxiv) Neurological Long COVID pathogenesis and potential therapies (Journal Cells) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 998 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 997: Inside Omicron with Mohsan Saeed

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 2, 2023 114:35


    Mohsan joins TWiV to discuss the work of his laboratory showing that spike and nsp6 are determinants of Omicron attenuation, and why the work was widely misinterpreted by the press and the public. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Rich Condit Guest: Mohsan Saeed Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server • Spike and nsp6 determinants of Omicron attenuation (Nature) •China releases genomic data from Wuhan market (Science) •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Rich – For pianist Dan Tepfer, improvisation is the mother of Bach's Inventions Alan – HMS Victory 3D animated tour Vincent – The Fight Over Penn Station and Madison Square Garden Listener Picks Douglas – How's Your City Doing? Ask the Honeybees. Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 996: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 1, 2023 40:12


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses how antibiotics don't reduce risk of death from viral respiratory infections, norovirus infections continue to rise in the US, ABO blood types and SARS-CoV-2 infection assessed using seroprevalence data in a large population-based sample, maternal third dose of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine and risk of infant COVID-19 hospitalization, association of treatment with Nirmatrelvir and the risk of Post–COVID-19 condition, mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19 had a higher chance of in-hospital death if treated with high-flow nasal cannula oxygen before intubation, high-flow nasal cannula and outcomes in COVID-19, severe infection and risk of Cardiovascular disease, and the risk factors associated with post−COVID-19 condition. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Antibiotics don't reduce risk of death from viral respiratory infections (CIDRAP) ABO blood types and SARS-CoV-2 infection (Nature) Maternal third dose of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine and risk of infant COVID-19 hospitalization (Nature Medicine) Association of treatment with Nirmatrelvir and risk of post–COVID-19 (JAMA) Ventilated patients with COVID-19 had a higher chance of in-hospital death with usage of nasal cannula oxygen (IARS) High-flow nasal cannula and outcomes in COVID-19 (IARS) Severe infection and risk of cardiovascular disease (AHA) Risk factors associated with post−COVID-19 condition (JAMA) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 996 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 995: Viral origin stories

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 26, 2023 123:07


    TWiV discusses genetic evidence of susceptible wildlife in SARS-CoV-2 positive samples at the Huanan Wholesale Seafood Market, polio cases in African linked to a new polio vaccine that was designed to not cause the disease, and structural conservation of hepatitis B virus capsid proteins over millions of years despite a shift from a naked to an enveloped capsid. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 995 (74 MB .mp3, 123 min) Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server • More evidence for SARS-CoV-2 spillover (Zenodo) •Polio cases linked to nOPV2 (Science; GPEI statement) •nOPV2 on TWiV 756 •Engineering OPV to prevent reversion to neurovirulence (Cell Host Microbe) •Stability of nOPV2 in children (npj Vaccines) •2A changes compensate for 5′-UTR disruptions (Virology) •HBV shifts from naked to enveloped (Nat Comm) •Letters read on TWiV 995 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Bass: Ray Brown, Ron Carter, Percy Heath Angela – The nervous system may play a role in severe allergic reactions through immune cell (mast cells) cross-talk with neurons Brianne – Science Museums Take Stock of 1.1 Billion Objects from Around the World Vincent – Architect Breaks Down 5 of the Most Common Skyscraper Styles In New York Listener Picks Gary – Tony Fauci on PBS Stefanie – What Do You Find Beautiful about Viruses? A Post-COVID Assessment Strategy Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 994: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 25, 2023 42:50


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses the detection of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the novel oral polio vaccine type 2 story, prior COVID-19 infection associated with increased risk of newly diagnosed erectile dysfunction, adverse maternal, fetal, and newborn outcomes among pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, correlates of protection against COVID-19 infection and intensity of symptomatic disease in vaccinated individuals exposed to SARS-CoV-2 in households in Israel, effectiveness of Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir in preventing hospital admissions and deaths in people with COVID-19, projected COVID-19 mortality reduction from Paxlovid rollout, and SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines decouple anti-viral immunity from humoral autoimmunity. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode cVDPV2 detections in Burundi and the DRC (PGEI) Novel oral polio vaccine type 2 story (The Lancet) Prior COVID-19 infection associated with risk of diagnosed erectile dysfunction (IJIR) Adverse maternal, fetal, and newborn outcomes among pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection (BMJ)  Protection against COVID-19 infection and intensity of symptomatic disease in vaccinated individuals(The Lancet) Effectiveness of Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir in preventing hospital admissions and deaths (The Lancet) Projected COVID-19 mortality reduction from Paxlovid rollout (JAMA) SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines decouple anti-viral immunity (Nature)  Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 994 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 993: COVID-19 drives autoimmunity

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 19, 2023 108:21


    TWiV reveals how treatment with remdesivir for COVID-19 resolved a chronic poliovirus infection in an immunocompromised patient, and the finding that infection with SARS-CoV-2 leads to an increase in new and preexisting autoantibodies. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Janet Sinsheimer on TWiV 653 •Clearance of chronic poliovirus infection by remdesivir (Front Immunol) •Autoimmunity induced by SARS-CoV-2 infection (Nat Comm) •Letters read on TWiV 993 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Brianne – Xkcd: Lymphocytes Kathy – A brief history of Parafilm with video Alan – Mapping and exploring the USS Monitor wreck Vincent – Skype a Scientist Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 992: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 18, 2023 31:34


    In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses clearance of longstanding, immune-deficiency-associated, vaccine-derived poliovirus infection following remdesivir therapy for chronic SARS-CoV-2 infection, SARS-CoV-2 exposure in New York City rats, clinical characteristics and outcomes of children with SARS-CoV-2 infection during the Delta and Omicron variant-dominant periods in Korea, exhaled breath aerosol shedding of SARS-CoV-2 variants, outpatient treatment of COVID-19 and the development of long COVID over 10 months, Nirmatrelvir and the risk of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19, assessment of the risk of venous thromboembolism in nonhospitalized patients with COVID-19, and the optimal duration of systemic corticosteroids in COVID-19 treatment. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 992 (19 MB .mp3, 32 min) Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Clearance of vaccine-derived poliovirus following remdesivir therapy for SARS-CoV-2 infection (Frontiers)  SARS-CoV-2 exposure in Norway rats from New York City (mBio) Clinical characteristics and outcomes of children with SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Korea (JKMS) Exhaled breath aerosol shedding of SARS-CoV-2 variants (CID) Outpatient treatment of COVID-19 and the development of Long COVID (The Lancet)  Nirmatrelvir and the risk of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (medRxiv) Risk of venous thromboembolism in nonhospitalized patients with COVID-19 (JAMA) Optimal duration of systemic corticosteroids in COVID-19 treatment (OFID) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 992 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 991: The cancer mRNA shot

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 12, 2023 123:53


    On this episode of TWiV, the observation that the 1918 influenza virus is not lethal in nonhuman primates and implications for studies on viral virulence, and mRNA vaccines that control and resolve human papillomavirus-associated cancers in mice. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •1918 influenza virus not lethal in nonhuman primates (J Virol) •mRNA vaccines control HPV-associated tumors (Sci Trans Med) •Letters read on TWiV 991 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Piano: Art Tatum/Thelonius S. Monk/Dave Brubeck/Bill Evans/George Shearing/Herbie Hancock/Chick Corea/Keith Jarret/Diana Krall/Eliane Elias/Horace Silver. Honorable mention: Oscar Peterson/Erroll Garner/Ramsey Lewis/Dr. John/Duke Ellington Rich – Protein synthesis: an epic on the cellular level Alan – Thomas Was Alone Vincent – I called for more research on the COVID ‘lab leak theory.' Here's what I found out Listener Pick Carol – The Exceptions: Nancy Hopkins, MIT, and the fight for Women in Science Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 990: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 11, 2023 28:57


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses confronting the evolution and expansion of anti-vaccine activism in the USA in the COVID-19 era, the effectiveness of maternal Influenza vaccination in Peru, characteristics and predictors of persistent symptoms post-COVID-19 in children and young people, parental nonadherence to health policy recommendations for prevention of COVID-19 transmission among children, community-onset bacterial coinfection in children critically ill with SARS-CoV-2 infection, bivalent booster effectiveness against severe COVID-19 outcomes in Finland, viral kinetics of sequential SARS-CoV-2 infections, risk of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis based on corticosteroid duration in intensive care patients, immunomodulators for severe COVID19 in transplant patients: do they increase the risk of secondary infection, long-term cardiovascular outcomes in COVID-19 survivors among non-vaccinated population, cardiac abnormalities in Long COVID 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection, one-year adverse outcomes among us adults with Post–COVID-19 condition vs those without COVID-19 in a large commercial insurance database, and long-term gastrointestinal outcomes of COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Confronting the evolution and expansion of anti-vaccine activism (The Lancet)  Effectiveness of maternal influenza vaccination in Peru (OFID) Characteristics and predictors of persistent symptoms post-COVID-19 (BMJ) Parental nonadherence to health policy recommendations for prevention of COVID-19 (JAMA) Community-onset bacterial coinfection in children ill with SARS-CoV-2 infection (OFID) Bivalent booster effectiveness against severe COVID-19 outcomes (medRxiv)  Viral kinetics of sequential SARS-CoV-2 infections (medRxiv) Risk of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis based on corticosteroid duration in ICU patients (OFID) Immunomodulators for severe COVID-19 in transplant patients (TID) Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in COVID-19 survivors among non-vaccinated population (eClinicalMedicine)  Cardiac abnormalities in Long COVID 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection (BMJ) One year adverse outcomes among US adults with post COVID-19 condition vs those without COVID-19 (JAMA) Long-term gastrointestinal outcomes of COVID-19 (Nature) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 990 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 989: Antibody cross-reactivity is metal

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 5, 2023 112:18


    TWiV to explains a study on presence of COVID-19 vaccine mRNA in the blood, and the isolation of cross-protective monoclonal antibodies against common endemic respiratory viruses. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Paul Berg obituary •Spike mRNA in blood (J Path Micro Imm) •Spike mRNA in blood (Biomedicine) •Cross-protective mAbs against respiratory viruses (Nat Comm) •RSV prefusion F protein vaccine in older adults (NEJM) •Ad26.RSV.preF–RSV preF protein vaccine (NEJM) •Letters read on TWiV 989 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Drums: Sunny Payne (Count Basie Orchestra); Buddy Rich (Count Basie Orchestra); Rufus Jones (Maynard Ferguson Orchestra); Joe Morello (Dave Brubeck Quartet). Brianne – A Scientific Investigation of ‘The Last of Us' Fungal Pandemic Kathy – “That's What They Say” podcast about pronunciation of “primer.” Rich – Slow motion art:  1 and 2 Vincent – Grammarly Listener Pick Charles – Psychologist Daniel Levitin dissects Pink Floyd's ‘Dark Side of the Moon' Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 988: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 4, 2023 41:25


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses FDA authorizing the first over-the-counter at-home test to detect both influenza and COVID-19, monoclonal antibody for the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants and children, epidemiologic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 recombinant variant XBB.1.5, COVID-19 vaccines vs pediatric hospitalization, maternal SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and infant protection against SARS-CoV-2 during the first six months of life, immunoglobulin, glucocorticoid, or combination therapy for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, fatal fulminant cerebral edema in six children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2 infection in Taiwan, certifying deaths due to COVID-19, efficacy of first dose of COVID-19 vaccine vs no vaccination on symptoms of patients with long COVID, and the effect of COVID-19 vaccination on long COVID. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode FDA authorizes over-the-counter at-home test to detect both Influenza and COVID-19 (FDA) Monoclonal antibody for the prevention of RSV in infants and children (JAMA) Epidemiologic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 variant XBB.1.5 (CDC) COVID-19 vaccines vs pediatric hospitalization (Cell) Maternal SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and infant protection during the first six months of life (Nature) Immunoglobulin, glucocorticoid, or combination therapy for MIS in children (The Lancet) Fatal Fulminant Cerebral Edema in children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2 infection (JPID) Certifying deaths due to COVID-19 (CDC) Efficacy of first dose of COVID-19 vaccine vs no vaccination on patients with Long COVID (BMJ) Effect of COVID-19 vaccination on long COVID (BMJ) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 988 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 987: Convalescing with Casadevall

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 26, 2023 116:06


    Arturo Casadevall returns to TWiV to explain the use of convalescent serum to treat COVID-19 patients, and the need to support virology at a time when more regulation of experiments is envisioned. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Rich Condit Guest: Arturo Casadevall Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Register for ASV 2023 MicrobeTV Discord Server Early treatment of COVID-19 with convalescent plasma (NEJM) Neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 by convalescent plasma (Nat Comm) Convalescent COVID-19 plasma for immunocompromised patients (JAMA Net Open) Virology under the microscope (mSphere) Virology in peril (mSphere) Emil von Behring Nobel Lecture Letters read on TWiV 987 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Rich - Flammarion engraving Alan - What Remains of Edith Finch Vincent - The CDC's Long-Covid Deception Listener Pick Bill - General Relativity For Babies Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 986: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 25, 2023 42:58


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the efficacy and safety of two RSV vaccines in older adults, health care vaccine mandate remains as some push for an end, past SARS-CoV-2 infection protection against re-infection, a third vaccine dose equalizes the levels of effectiveness and immunogenicity of heterologous or homologous COVID-19 vaccine regimens, Sotrovimab retains activity against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant BQ.1.1 in a non-human primate model, effect of higher-dose Ivermectin for 6 Days vs placebo on time to sustained recovery in outpatients with COVID-19, viral burden rebound in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 receiving oral antivirals in Hong Kong, serological response to vaccination in post-acute sequelae of COVID, sex differences in cardiovascular complications and mortality in hospital patients with COVID-19, association of COVID-19 vaccination with risk for incident diabetes after COVID-19, postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 in university setting, the CDC's long-Covid deception, and podcast companies, once walking on air, feel the strain of gravity. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode RSV prefusion F protein vaccine in older adults (NEJM) Efficacy and safety of an Ad26.RSV.preF–RSV preF protein vaccine (NEJM) Health care vaccine mandate remains as some push for an end (AP) Past SARS-CoV-2 infection protection against re-infection (The Lancet) A third vaccine dose equalizes the levels of effectiveness and immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccine regimens (medRxiv) Sotrovimab retains activity against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in primate model (bioRxiv) Effect of higher-dose Ivermectin for 6 days vs placebo in patients with COVID-19 (JAMA) Viral burden rebound in patients with COVID-19 receiving oral antivirals (The Lancet) Serological response to vaccination in post-acute sequelae of COVID (BMC) Sex differences in cardiovascular complications and mortality in patients with COVID-19 (BMI) Association of COVID-19 vaccination with risk for incident diabetes after COVID-19 (JAMA) Postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 in university setting (CDC) The CDC's Long-Covid deception (WSJ) Podcast companies, once walking on air, feel the strain of gravity (NYT) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 986 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 985: Bambi's revenge

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 19, 2023 101:47


    TWiV reviews an outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever in Equatorial Guinea, wild poliovirus type 3 shedding from a laboratory in the Netherlands, and white-tailed deer as a reservoir for previous SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, and Rich Condit Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Marburg virus disease outbreak in Equatorial Guinea (WHO) •Wild-type poliovirus type 3 from laboratory (Eurosurveillance) •Extinct SARS-CoV-2 VOC in white-tailed deer (PNAS) •Letters read on TWiV 985 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Vibraphone: Lionel Hampton/Gary Burton/Cal Jader. Lionel Hampton: Signature album: The Classics Album Collection, Signature song: Flying Home. Gary Burton: Signature album: A Genuine Tong Funeral. Signature song: General Mojo's Well Laid Plan. Cal Jader: Signature album: Latin Kick. Signature song: Soul Sauce (Wachi Wara).  Milt Jackson (a member of the Modern Jazz Quartet). Signature song: Ice Skating in Central Park. Rich – The American Phage Group: Founders of Molecular Biology by William C. Summers Vincent – DJ Miss Monique aka Olesia Arkusha Listener Pick Megan – The Day The Music Stopped: How a 1942 recording ban changed America forever and The Weather Channel presents the best of smooth Jazz Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 984: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 18, 2023 43:04


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the political polarization of COVID-19 treatments among physicians and laypeople in the United States, seven alternatives to evidence-based medicine, Malawi's cholera death toll crosses 1,300 in its deadliest outbreak on record, impact of coronavirus infections on pediatric patients at a tertiary pediatric hospital, maternal mRNA COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy and delta or omicron infection or hospital admission in infants, yes masks reduce the risk of spreading infection, despite a review saying they don't, COVID-19 and airborne transmission: science rejected, lives lost. can society do better, what were the historical reasons for the resistance to recognizing airborne transmission during the COVID-19 pandemic, a randomized trial comparing Omicron-containing boosters with the original COVID-19 vaccine mRNA-1273, SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies after bivalent vs. monovalent booster, the impacts of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine dose separation and targeting on the COVID-19 epidemic in England, intra-host evolution provides for the continuous emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants, real-world use of Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir in outpatients with COVID-19 during the era of Omicron variants including BA.4 and BA.5 in Colorado, viral burden rebound in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 receiving oral antivirals in Hong Kong, and guidance on the use of convalescent plasma to treat immunocompromised patients with COVID-19. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode The political polarization of COVID-19 treatments in the United States (PNAS) Seven alternatives to evidence-based medicine (BMJ) Malawi's cholera death toll crosses 1,300 (CBC) Impact of coronavirus infections on pediatric patients (JHI) Maternal mRNA COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy (BMJ) Yes, masks reduce the risk of spreading COVID (TVO) COVID-19 and airborne transmission (IDSA) What were the reasons for resistance to recognizing airborne transmission (IJIE) Comparing Omicron-containing boosters with COVID-19 vaccine mRNA-1273 (medRxiv) SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies after bivalent vs. monovalent booster (bioRxiv) The impact of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine dose separation and targeting (Nature) Intra-host evolution provides for the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants (ASM) Real-world use of nirmatrelvir–ritonavir in outpatients with COVID-19 (The Lancet) Viral rebound in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 receiving oral antivirals (The Lancet) Guidance on the use of convalescent plasma to treat immunocompromised patients with COVID-19 (CID) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 984 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 983: One flu vaccine for them all with Scott Hensley

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 12, 2023 109:13


    Scott returns to TWiV to explain the development of an experimental mRNA vaccine that encodes hemagglutinin antigens against all known influenza A virus subtypes and influenza B virus lineages, and why he is worried about avian H5N1 influenza virus. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, and Brianne Barker Guest: Scott Hensley Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Multivalent influenza mRNA vaccine (Science) •Influenza virus mRNA vaccines circumvent egg adaptation problems (J Virol) •Letters read on TWiV 983 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project:  Guitar. Django Reinhardt; Pat Metheny. Signature album: Still Life Talking. Signature song: Last Train Home; Joe Pass (Ella Fitzgerald's favorite guitar accompanist). Signature album: Virtuoso. Signature song: Round Midnight. Brianne – HHMI Virus Explorer Vincent – Chris Luno Listener Picks John – White-tail deer density and SARS-CoV-2 in white-tail deer Jessica – Classic cases revisited: Oscar the cat and predicting death Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 982: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 11, 2023 48:43


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the consistency of COVID-19 trial preprints with published reports and impact for decision making, the negative effect of preexisting immunity on Influenza vaccine responses transcends the impact of vaccine formulation type and vaccination history, highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection in farmed minks in Spain, Peru confirms H5N1 avian flu in marine mammals, prior vaccination enhances immune responses during SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infection with early activation of memory T cells followed by production of potent neutralizing antibodies, bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine for prevention of COVID-19 and other respiratory tract infections in older adults with comorbidities, incidence of chronic spontaneous urticaria following receipt of the COVID-19 vaccine booster in Switzerland, relationship between immune response to SARS-CoV2 vaccines and development of breakthrough infection in solid organ transplant recipients, early treatment with pegylated interferon lambda for COVID-19, and how long-term high-dose immunoglobulin successfully treats long COVID patients with pulmonary, neurologic, and cardiologic symptoms.  Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Consistency of COVID-19 trial preprints with published reports (BMI) Negative effect of preexisting immunity on Influenza vaccine (JID) Highly pathogenic avian influenza infection in farmed minks (Eurosurveillance) Peru confirms H5N1 avian flu in marine mammals (CIDRAP) Prior vaccination enhances immune responses during SARS-CoV-2 infection (bioRxiv) Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine for prevention of COVID-19 and respiratory infections (CMI) Incidence of spontaneous Urticaria following COVID-19 vaccine booster (JAMA) Relationship between immune response to SARS-CoV2 vaccines and breakthrough infection in transplant recipients (CID) Early treatment with Pegylated Interferon Lambda for COVID-19 (NEJM) Long-term high-dose immunoglobulin successfully treats Long COVID patients (Frontiers) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 982 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 981: Tastes like chikungunya

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 5, 2023 124:25


    TWiV explains the recent meeting of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) where stricter guidelines for research involving human, animal, and plant pathogens were considered, and how the consumption of viruses by small protists returns energy to food chains. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Rich Condit, and Kathy Spindler Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •NSABB proposed oversight framework (pdf) •Stricter US guidelines for research (Nature) •Information on NSABB (NIH) •Consumption of viruses by protists (PNAS) •Letters read on TWiV 981 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Trombone: Steve Turre/Conrad Herwig; Steve Turre; Curtis Fuller; J.J. Johnson and Kai Winding. Steve Turre: Signature album: Sanctified Shells. Signature song: Sanctified Shells. Conrad Herwig. Signature album: A Jones For Bones Tones. Signature song: Slide's Routine; Curtis Fuller: Signature album: BLUES ette. Signature song: Bluesette. J.J. Johnson (with Kai Winding). Signature album: The Great Kai and J.J. : Signature song: Monk's Blues. Kathy – Measles virus ‘cooperates' with itself to cause fatal encephalitis. Primary research article: Shirogane et al. Rich – Firm hatches plan to bring back dodo (Colossal Biosciences – Dodo) Alan – Mt. Washington Observatory webcam Vincent – Ask the Experts Listener Picks Roberto – The Contagion of Liberty: The Politics of Smallpox in the American Revolution Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    research viruses blues register google podcasts routine fda viral primary monk slide signature tastes virology smallpox asv chikungunya food web curtis fuller steve turre twiv dickson despommier kai winding shirogane alan dove national science advisory board paramecium nsabb pnas letters
    TWiV 908: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 4, 2023 39:46


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses prevalence and clinical outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus versus influenza virus in adults hospitalized with acute respiratory Illness, reconsideration of antinucleocapsid IgG antibody as a marker of SARS-CoV-2 infection postvaccination for mild COVID-19 patients, assessment of COVID-19 as the underlying cause of death among children and young people aged 0 to 19 years in the US, information for persons who are immunocompromised regarding prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in the context of currently circulating Omicron sublineages, association of culturable-virus detection and household transmission of SARS-CoV-2,  effectiveness of bivalent boosters against severe Omicron infection, Covid vaccines and playing the long game, efficacy and safety of antimicrobial stewardship prospective audit and feedback in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, and severe fatigue and persistent symptoms at three months following SARS-CoV-2 Infections during the pre-Delta, Delta, and Omicron time periods. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Prevalence and clinical outcomes of RSV vs influenza in adults (CID) Reconsideration of antinucleocapsid IgG antibody as a marker of SARS-CoV-2 infection (OFID) Assessment of COVID-19 as the underlying cause of death among children and young people (JAMA) Information for persons who are immunocompromised regarding prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection (CDC) Association of culturable-virus detection and household transmission of SARS-CoV-2 (JID) Effectiveness of bivalent boosters against severe Omicron infection (NEJM) Covid vaccines and playing the long game (NEJM) Efficacy and safety of antimicrobial stewardship prospective audit and feedback in COVID-19 patients (The Lancet)  Severe fatigue and persistent symptoms at three months following SARS-CoV-2 Infection (CID) Contribute to our ASTMH fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 980 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV Special: One COVID vaccine for them all with Paul Offit

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 3, 2023 38:39


    Paul Offit returns to TWiV to unpack the recent FDA Advisory Panel on COVID vaccines, with discussions on giving everyone the same bivalent vaccine, simplifying the immunization schedule, and how to know when the vaccine should be updated. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello and Rich Condit Guest: Paul Offit Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode FDA briefing document (pdf) Effectiveness of bivalent booster against severe infection (NEJM) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 979: Flushing out the viroids

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 29, 2023 108:18


    TWiV gives an update on poliovirus in wastewater, and reveals a vast world of viroids that infect a wide range of host species in diverse ecosystems. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, Rich Condit, and Kathy Spindler Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Nick Muzyczka passes •CDC planning wastewater testing for polio (CDC) •Wastewater testing for poliovirus (MMWR) •NY state poliovirus wastewater surveillance (NYSDOH) •CDC wastewater poliovirus surveillance in select communities (CDC) •Vast world of viroid-like RNAs (Cell) •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Kathy – 3B new Milky Way objects, Green comet Rich – Virology under the Microscope—a Call for Rational Discourse Alan – Indie story-driven games series #3: Valiant Hearts: The Great War Vincent – Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee Meeting January 26, 2023 – pdf Listener Picks Florencia – An elegant way to stop deadly Hendra virus spillovers from bats to horses … to us (Nature article) Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 978: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 28, 2023 39:17


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses co-detections of other respiratory viruses among children hospitalized with COVID-19, preprint review should form part of PhD programs and postdoc training, early and increased Influenza activity among children, COVID-19 vaccines versus pediatric hospitalization, SARS-CoV-2 variant-related abnormalities detected by prenatal MRI, protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the Omicron variant and severe disease, protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the omicron variant and severe disease, persistent COVID-19 Symptoms at 6 months after onset and the role of vaccination before or after SARS-COV-2 infection, effect of Dexamethasone use on viral clearance among patients with COVID-19, and the impact of vaccination on post-acute sequelae of SARS CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Codetections of other respiratory viruses among children with COVID-19 (Pediatrics)  Preprint review should form part of PhD programmes and postdoc training (Nature) Early and increased Influenza activity among children (CDC) COVID-19 vaccines versus pediatric hospitalization (Cell)  SARS-CoV-2 variant abnormalities detected by prenatal MRI (The Lancet)  Protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity (The Lancet)  Persistent COVID-19 symptoms at 6 months and role of vaccination (JAMA) Effects of Dexamethasone use among patients with COVID-19 (IJID) Impact of vaccination on sequelae of SARS CoV-2 in patients with rheumatic diseases (BMJ) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 978 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 977: Ageing is infectious

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 22, 2023 104:38


    TWiV covers a study of SARS-CoV-2 persistence at multiple sites in the human body, and the role of endogenous retroviruses in ageing and senescence. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Brianne Barker, and Angela Mingarelli Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •Register for ASV 2023 •MicrobeTV Discord Server •Persistence of SARS-CoV-2 (Nature) •Endogenous retroviruses and senescence (Cell) •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Baritone Saxophone: Gerry Mulligan. No one else comes close Signature song: Bernie's Tune Angela – World's Longest Animal Brianne – Green Comet to Pass By Earth for first time in 50,000 years Alan – Indie games series: Golf Club Wasteland Vincent – Bivalent Covid-19 Vaccines — A Cautionary Tale Listener Picks Lisa – The River and the Wall Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 976: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 21, 2023 41:35


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses China reporting almost 60,000 Covid-related deaths after abrupt shift in policy, detection of SARS-CoV-2 IgA and IgG in human milk and breastfeeding infant stool 6 months after maternal COVID-19 vaccination, effect of Fluvoxamine vs placebo on time to sustained recovery in outpatients with mild to moderate COVID-19, hyperimmune globulin for severely immunocompromised patients hospitalized with COVID-19, long COVID outcomes at one year after mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, long COVID: major findings, mechanisms and recommendations, a systematic review of trials currently investigating therapeutic modalities for post-acute COVID-19 syndrome and registered on World Health Organization international clinical trials platform, and the effect of using a structured pacing protocol on post-exertional symptom exacerbation and health status in a longitudinal cohort with the post-COVID-19 syndrome. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode China records almost 60,000 COVID-related deaths (SCMP) Detection of SARS-CoV-2 IgA and IgG in human milk and breastfeeding infant stool (Nature) Effect of Fluvoxamine vs placebo in outpatients with COVID-19 (JAMA) Hyperimmune Globulin for immunocompromised patients with COVID-19 (JID) Long COVID outcomes at one year after mild infection (BMJ)  Major findings, mechanisms and recommendations for Long COVID (Nature) Review of trials investigating therapeutic modalities for post-acute COVID-19 (CMI) Effect of using a structured pacing protocol (JMV) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 976 Don't crush Paxlovid (pdf) Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 975: Crossing the Ts with Daniela Weiskopf

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 15, 2023 97:37


    Daniela joins TWiV to discuss her career and her research on T cells, their role in infection with SARS-CoV-2, T cell epitopes and why a variant that evades T cell immunity is not likely to emerge. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Brianne Barker Guest: Daniela Weiskopf Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •Register for ASV 2023 •Cross reactive T cells to SARS-CoV-2 (Science) •SARS-CoV-2 exposure history and T cell response (Cell Rep Med) •Spike T cells cross- recognize Omicron (Nature) •Ancestral SARS-CoV-2 T cells recognize Omicron (Nature) •NVX-CoV2373 induces T cell responses (J Clin Inves) •Letters read on TWiV 975 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Brianne – Video of viral attachment (based on this article) Alan – Starting a series of innovative indie video games. First up: The Longing. Vincent – The Amy Papers and Calendar for live events Listener Picks Judy – Innate immune evasion strategies of SARS-CoV-2 Charles – Who's Talking to Chris Wallace? Season 1, epitope 30: Dr. Anthony Fauci on HBO Max Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 974: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 14, 2023 46:33


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses poliovirus returns to New York wastewater, COVID-19 is more widespread in animals than we thought, increasing ventilation reduces SARS-CoV-2 airborne transmission in schools, the use of carbon dioxide monitoring to assess ventilation at a national infectious diseases conference, effectiveness of the bivalent mRNA vaccine in preventing severe COVID-19 outcomes, 7-month duration of SARS-CoV-2 mucosal immunoglobulin-A responses and protection, and long COVID outcomes at one year after mild SARS-CoV-2 infection. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode COVID-19 more widespread in animals than thought (Nat Geo) Increasing ventilation reduces airborne transmission in schools (Frontiers) Carbon dioxide monitoring to assess ventilation at a NID conference (CID) Paxlovid patient eligbiliity screening checklist (FDA) Effectiveness of bivalent mRNA vaccine in preventing severe COVID-19 (Lancet) Duration of SARS-CoV-2 mucosal immunoglobulin-A responses and protection (Lancet) Long COVID outcomes at one year after mild SARS-CoV-2 infection (BMJ) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 974 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 973: Crouching virus, hidden triggers with Felicia Goodrum

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 8, 2023 107:37


    Felicia joins TWiV to discuss her career and her research on human cytomegalovirus, which infects most of us for our entire lives yet mainly causes disease in the immunosuppressed. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Brianne Barker Guest: Felicia Goodrum Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode •Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) •The loss of binary (Curr Clin Micro Rep) •Virology in Peril (mBio) •Letters read on TWiV 973 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Brianne – “Leukocyte” immunology video parody Alan – West Point Removing Confederate Monuments, and Ty Seidule's book on that subject Vincent – The works of Haruki Murakami – South of the Border, West of the Sun; also short stories (First Person Singular, particularly Confessions of a Shinagawa Monkey; and Men Without Women, particularly Drive My Car) Listener Picks Karen – On All Fours: Transient Laborers, the Threat of Movement, and the Aftermath of Disease Kevin – James Hoffmann and Bald and Bankrupt Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 972: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 7, 2023 42:12


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections and reinfections during the Omicron wave, virological characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 XBB variant derived from recombination of two Omicron subvariants, antibody evasion properties of rising SARS-CoV-2 BQ and XBB subvariants, comparative effectiveness of third doses of mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines in US veterans, time to negative PCR conversion among high-risk patients with mild-to-moderate Omicron BA.1 and BA.2 COVID-19 treated by Sotrovimab or Nirmatrelvir, COVID drug Paxlovid was hailed as a game-changer, what happened?, the Fc-effector function of COVID-19 convalescent plasma contributes to SARS-CoV-2 treatment efficacy in mice, SARS-CoV-2 infection and persistence in the human body and brain at autopsy, long-term cardiovascular outcomes of COVID-19, and how heart-disease risk soars after COVID — even with a mild case. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Infectiousness of breakthrough infections & reinfections during Omicron wave (Nature) Virological characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 XBB variant (bioRxiv) Antibody evasion properties of BQ and XBB subvariants (Cell) Comparative effectiveness of third doses of mRNA vaccines in US veterans (Nature) Time to negative PCR conversion among high-risk patients treated by Sotrovimab or Nirmatrelvir (CMI) Paxlovid patient eligbiliity screening checklist (FDA) COVID drug Paxlovid was hailed as a game-changer. What happened? (Nature) Fc-effector function of COVID-19 convalescent plasma contributes to treatment efficacy (Cell) SARS-CoV-2 infection and persistence in the human body and brain at autopsy (Nature) Long-term cardiovascular outcomes of COVID-19 (Nature) Heart-disease risk soars after COVID (Nature) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 972 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 971: Another year is viral

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 1, 2023 113:50


    In the first epitope of 2023, TWiV reviews our coverage of virology in 2022, including favorite story arcs, episodes, show titles, and much more. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Rich Condit, Kathy Spindler, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Our favorite 2022 virology stories: •Vincent: Paul Offit on bivalent boosters (TWiV 917, 942, Special) •Dickson: Interviews with Paul Offit and Andy Slavitt •Rich: TWiV 948: Breathless with David Quammen •Kathy: TWiV 915: Mouse mouth to mouse mom •Brianne: Spillovers (TWiV 923 and 876) •Vincent: Giant viruses (TWiV 873, 906, 968) •Dickson: TWiV 960 – Getting Funky with Dan Wilson •Rich: TWiV 927: Merchlinsky vs monkeypox •Kathy: TWiV 958: Pass the RNA and have some venison pi •Brianne: TWiV 869: Epstein-Barr virus and MS, a perfect storm •Twiverse •Letters read on TWiV 968 •Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Jazz Project: Tenor saxophone: John Coltrane/Dexter Gordon/Stan Getz: John Coltrane: Signature album: Giant Steps: Signature song: Blue Train; Dexter Gordon: Signature album: The Other Side Of Round Midnight. Signature song: Round Midnight; Stan Getz (with Charlie Byrd on guitar): Signature Album: Jazz Samba; Signature song: Desafinado Brianne – A Full Circle Rainbow over Norway Kathy – Frozen soap bubbles Rich – It's Turtles All the Way Down in the Fossil Record by Asher Elbein Vincent – Vincent's Top Ten Music Listener Picks Charles – Wayne Bergeron and Vince DiMartino MacArthur Park Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 970: Clinical update with Dr. Daniel Griffin

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 31, 2022 51:58


    In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses modelling the adjustment of COVID-19 response and exit from dynamic zero-COVID in China, canine real-time detection of SARS-CoV-2 infections in the context of a mass screening event, two masks can be worse than one: N95 respirator failure caused by an overlying face mask, airflow patterns in double-occupancy patient rooms may contribute to roommate-to-roommate transmission of severe SARS-CoV-2, clinical validation of a novel T-Cell receptor sequencing assay for identification of recent or prior SARS-CoV-2 infection, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sub-lineages is reduced in convalescent sera, regardless of the infecting variant, VV116 versus Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir for oral treatment of Covid-19, Nirmatrelvir plus Ritonavir for early COVID-19 in a U.S. health system, Molnupiravir plus usual care versus usual care alone as early treatment for adults with COVID-19 at increased risk of adverse outcomes, higher dose corticosteroids in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with hypoxia but not requiring ventilatory support, FDA approves Roche's Actemra (tocilizumab) for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults, structural brain changes in post-acute COVID-19 patients with persistent olfactory dysfunction, persistent post–COVID-19 smell loss is associated with immune cell infiltration and altered gene expression in olfactory epithelium, epidemiology of long COVID in US adults, persistent symptoms and sequelae after SARS-CoV-2 infection not requiring hospitalization, and outpatient treatment of Covid-19 with metformin, ivermectin, and fluvoxamine and the development of Long Covid over 10-month follow-up. Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Modeling the adjustment of COVID-19 response and exit in China (Nature) Canine real-time detection of SARS-CoV-2 infections in mass screening events (BMJ) N95 respirator failure caused by an overlying face mask (ICHE) Airflow in patient rooms may contribute to transmission of severe SARS-CoV-2 (CID) Clinical validation of a T-Cell receptor for identification of recent or prior SARS-CoV-2 infection (CID) Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sub-lineages (Cell) VV116 vs. Nirmatrelvir–Ritonavir for oral treatment of Covid-19 (NEJM) Nirmatrelvir plus Ritonavir for early COVID-19 in a U.S. health system (ACP) Molnupiravir as early treatment for adults with COVID-19 (The Lancet) Higher dose corticosteroids in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with hypoxia but not requiring ventilatory support (medRxiv) FDA approves Tocilizumab for the treatment of COVID-19 in hospitalized adults (Roche) Structural brain changes in post-acute COVID-19 patients with olfactory dysfunction (Annals) Paxlovid patient eligbiliity screening checklist (FDA) Persistent post–COVID-19 smell loss association (Science) Epidemiology of long COVID in US adults (CID) Persistent symptoms & sequelae after SARS-CoV-2 infection not requiring hospitalization (OFID) Outpatient treatment of COVID-19 with metformin, ivermectin, and fluvoxamine & the development of long COVID (medRxiv) Contribute to our MicrobeTV fundraiser at PWB Dr. Griffin's treatment guide (pdf) Letters read on TWiV 970 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv

    TWiV 969: Carl Zimmer on COVID-19

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 28, 2022 48:17


    Carl Zimmer visits the Incubator to record a wide-ranging conversation about COVID-19, including origins, vaccines, public health responses, and impact on society. Host: Vincent Racaniello Guest: Carl Zimmer Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

    TWiV 968: A spillover waiting in the wings

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 25, 2022 109:19


    TWiV reviews eukaryotic viruses recovered from ancient permafrost, a mistake made by scientists on Omicron origins, and close relatives of MERS-CoV from bats that bind ACE2 for entry into cells. Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Rich Condit, and Brianne Barker Subscribe (free): Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Links for this episode Support MicrobeTV with a Spike t-shirt (Vaccinated.us) with promo code MicrobeTV Positions with the Mosquito and Vector Control Division in Harris County Public Health (one and two) Ancient eukaryotic viruses from permafrost (bioRxiv) We made a mistake (Science) Bat MERS-like CoV bind ACE2 (Nature) Letters read on TWiV 968 Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks! Weekly Picks Dickson – Alto Saxophone: Paul Desmond/Cannonball Adderley/Charlie Parker/Randal Despommier: Paul Desmond: Signature album: Paul Desmond:The Complete RCA Victor Recordings (1961-1965). Signature song: Take Five (Dave Brubeck Quartet). Cannonball Adderley: Signature album: The Cannonball Adderley Quintet: Mercy, Mercy, Mercy. Signature song: Mercy, Mercy, Mercy. Charlie Parker (Bird): played in many groups: Signature album: Dizzy Gillespie and His Allstars. Signature song: A Night In Tunisia; Randal Despommier: Signature album: A Midsummer Odyssey. Signature song: I Hope It's Spring For You. Brianne – How a See-Through Frog Hides its Red Blood from Predators (also covered in The Atlantic) Rich – Mindfulness in Plain English by Ven. Henepola Gunaratana Vincent – Unveiling skin macrophage dynamics explains both tattoo persistence and strenuous removal Listener Picks Rona – WKCR, FM 89.9 Columbia‘s radio station Alan – XKCD Proxy Variable Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv