Human settlement in England
Sean poses the question to the group: Is there an advantage to going into opportunities without too much expectation or knowledge? Can it be limiting to know some of the hurdles of your first experiences? A bigger discussion about taking contracts all over again, finding information and past players, and stepping stone opportunities ensues. Check it out and find the full episode (Episode 1:27) right below this one Jazmin Wardlow is a professional soccer player who just signed for the Central Coast Mariners in Australias' A league. Jazmin has already made it across the world in her young career, playing for Santa Clara and Oregon in college, being drafted by the Houston Dash in the NWSL, then making her way to Serbia with Spartak Subotica, and Fiorentina in the Serie A. From NWSL drafts, to Champions League Games, FIFA lawsuits, culture shocks and acting as her own agent, the 25 year-old has seen it all. Jazmin's up and downs have led her to this exact moment, knowing her true value, appreciating her journey and being grateful for all that came her way. This is If You Do What You Love, You Can't Lose with Jazmin Wardlow. WHAT IS FOOTWORK? Sponsored by footwork.club Sean and Dylan are two Division 3 graduates, who dropped everything to pursue their dream of being professional soccer players. Both playing in Germany now, the boys tell their stories as well as those of amazing guests to help you pursue your own dreams and ultimately MAKE YOUR OWN PATH. • All Links: linktr.ee/Footworkpod • Subscribe to our show on Youtube ➜ www.youtube.com/channel/UCCnInbiimv9o... • Email us at: email@example.com • Subscribe to Footwork➜ eepurl.com/hKT0zD • Follow us on socials ↓↓ Instagram: www.instagram.com/footwork_podcast/ Twitter: twitter.com/Footworkpodcast TikTok: www.tiktok.com/@footworkpodcast?lang=en Threads www.threads.net/@footwork_podcast All things Footwork: footwork.club/
Jazmin Wardlow is a professional soccer player who just signed for the Central Coast Mariners in Australias' A league. Jazmin has already made it across the world in her young career, playing for Santa Clara and Oregon in college, being drafted by the Houston Dash in the NWSL, then making her way to Serbia with Spartak Subotica, and Fiorentina in the Serie A. From NWSL drafts, to Champions League Games, FIFA lawsuits, culture shocks and acting as her own agent, the 25 year-old has seen it all. Jazmin's up and downs have led her to this exact moment, knowing her true value, appreciating her journey and being grateful for all that came her way. This is If You Do What You Love, You Can't Lose with Jazmin Wardlow. WHAT IS FOOTWORK? Sponsored by https://footwork.club Sean and Dylan are two Division 3 graduates, who dropped everything to pursue their dream of being professional soccer players. Both playing in Germany now, the boys tell their stories as well as those of amazing guests to help you pursue your own dreams and ultimately MAKE YOUR OWN PATH. • All Links: linktr.ee/Footworkpod • Subscribe to our show on Youtube ➜ www.youtube.com/channel/UCCnInbiimv9o... • Email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org • Subscribe to Footwork➜ eepurl.com/hKT0zD • Follow us on socials ↓↓ Instagram: www.instagram.com/footwork_podcast/ Twitter: twitter.com/Footworkpodcast TikTok: www.tiktok.com/@footworkpodcast?lang=en Threads www.threads.net/@footwork_podcast All things Footwork: https://footwork.club/
What's up wrestling fans! Chris & JB are back and this week there are no punches pulled. Join us for a very NSFW episode where nobody is safe. Chris gives both barrels to AEW, Britt Baker, Tony Khan and many more As always, thanks to everyone that joins us and a special thanks to Surfshark VPN for being crazy enough to sponsor this show You get a cracking deal of 83% OFF & 3 MONTHS FREE by using our discount code 'GRAPPLE' https://surfshark.deals/GRAPPLE
On this episode, "The Butt" and I discuss: Where is Wardlow? What's going on with AEW booking? Whats the update on Wembley Stadium, WWE News, AEW News, Jim Cornette and much more! Stop by and joinus for a couple hours!
This week I fantasy book some heel turns that I want to see in WWE and AEW. Do you want to see Bianca Belair turn heel? How about Wardlow? Listen and see what I have to say about each. Be sure to check out our YouTube shorts. https://youtube.com/@TedHillbillyHeel IMDB https://m.imdb.com/title/tt28152475/?ref_=ext_shr_lnk Host-Ted the Hillbilly Heel Producer- Daniel Irvin Contact us at email@example.com --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/ted-the-hillbilly-heel/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/ted-the-hillbilly-heel/support
Episode 166 of A History of Rock Music in Five Hundred Songs looks at “Crossroads", Cream, the myth of Robert Johnson, and whether white men can sing the blues. Click the full post to read liner notes, links to more information, and a transcript of the episode. Patreon backers also have a forty-eight-minute bonus episode available, on “Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips" by Tiny Tim. Tilt Araiza has assisted invaluably by doing a first-pass edit, and will hopefully be doing so from now on. Check out Tilt's irregular podcasts at http://www.podnose.com/jaffa-cakes-for-proust and http://sitcomclub.com/ Errata I talk about an interview with Clapton from 1967, I meant 1968. I mention a Graham Bond live recording from 1953, and of course meant 1963. I say Paul Jones was on vocals in the Powerhouse sessions. Steve Winwood was on vocals, and Jones was on harmonica. Resources As I say at the end, the main resource you need to get if you enjoyed this episode is Brother Robert by Annye Anderson, Robert Johnson's stepsister. There are three Mixcloud mixes this time. As there are so many songs by Cream, Robert Johnson, John Mayall, and Graham Bond excerpted, and Mixcloud won't allow more than four songs by the same artist in any mix, I've had to post the songs not in quite the same order in which they appear in the podcast. But the mixes are here -- one, two, three. This article on Mack McCormick gives a fuller explanation of the problems with his research and behaviour. The other books I used for the Robert Johnson sections were McCormick's Biography of a Phantom; Up Jumped the Devil: The Real Life of Robert Johnson, by Bruce Conforth and Gayle Dean Wardlow; Searching for Robert Johnson by Peter Guralnick; and Escaping the Delta by Elijah Wald. I can recommend all of these subject to the caveats at the end of the episode. The information on the history and prehistory of the Delta blues mostly comes from Before Elvis by Larry Birnbaum, with some coming from Charley Patton by John Fahey. The information on Cream comes mostly from Cream: How Eric Clapton Took the World by Storm by Dave Thompson. I also used Ginger Baker: Hellraiser by Ginger Baker and Ginette Baker, Mr Showbiz by Stephen Dando-Collins, Motherless Child by Paul Scott, and Alexis Korner: The Biography by Harry Shapiro. The best collection of Cream's work is the four-CD set Those Were the Days, which contains every track the group ever released while they were together (though only the stereo mixes of the albums, and a couple of tracks are in slightly different edits from the originals). You can get Johnson's music on many budget compilation records, as it's in the public domain in the EU, but the double CD collection produced by Steve LaVere for Sony in 2011 is, despite the problems that come from it being associated with LaVere, far and away the best option -- the remasters have a clarity that's worlds ahead of even the 1990s CD version it replaced. And for a good single-CD introduction to the Delta blues musicians and songsters who were Johnson's peers and inspirations, Back to the Crossroads: The Roots of Robert Johnson, compiled by Elijah Wald as a companion to his book on Johnson, can't be beaten, and contains many of the tracks excerpted in this episode. Patreon This podcast is brought to you by the generosity of my backers on Patreon. Why not join them? Transcript Before we start, a quick note that this episode contains discussion of racism, drug addiction, and early death. There's also a brief mention of death in childbirth and infant mortality. It's been a while since we looked at the British blues movement, and at the blues in general, so some of you may find some of what follows familiar, as we're going to look at some things we've talked about previously, but from a different angle. In 1968, the Bonzo Dog Band, a comedy musical band that have been described as the missing link between the Beatles and the Monty Python team, released a track called "Can Blue Men Sing the Whites?": [Excerpt: The Bonzo Dog Band, "Can Blue Men Sing the Whites?"] That track was mocking a discussion that was very prominent in Britain's music magazines around that time. 1968 saw the rise of a *lot* of British bands who started out as blues bands, though many of them went on to different styles of music -- Fleetwood Mac, Ten Years After, Jethro Tull, Chicken Shack and others were all becoming popular among the kind of people who read the music magazines, and so the question was being asked -- can white men sing the blues? Of course, the answer to that question was obvious. After all, white men *invented* the blues. Before we get any further at all, I have to make clear that I do *not* mean that white people created blues music. But "the blues" as a category, and particularly the idea of it as a music made largely by solo male performers playing guitar... that was created and shaped by the actions of white male record executives. There is no consensus as to when or how the blues as a genre started -- as we often say in this podcast "there is no first anything", but like every genre it seems to have come from multiple sources. In the case of the blues, there's probably some influence from African music by way of field chants sung by enslaved people, possibly some influence from Arabic music as well, definitely some influence from the Irish and British folk songs that by the late nineteenth century were developing into what we now call country music, a lot from ragtime, and a lot of influence from vaudeville and minstrel songs -- which in turn themselves were all very influenced by all those other things. Probably the first published composition to show any real influence of the blues is from 1904, a ragtime piano piece by James Chapman and Leroy Smith, "One O' Them Things": [Excerpt: "One O' Them Things"] That's not very recognisable as a blues piece yet, but it is more-or-less a twelve-bar blues. But the blues developed, and it developed as a result of a series of commercial waves. The first of these came in 1914, with the success of W.C. Handy's "Memphis Blues", which when it was recorded by the Victor Military Band for a phonograph cylinder became what is generally considered the first blues record proper: [Excerpt: The Victor Military Band, "Memphis Blues"] The famous dancers Vernon and Irene Castle came up with a dance, the foxtrot -- which Vernon Castle later admitted was largely inspired by Black dancers -- to be danced to the "Memphis Blues", and the foxtrot soon overtook the tango, which the Castles had introduced to the US the previous year, to become the most popular dance in America for the best part of three decades. And with that came an explosion in blues in the Handy style, cranked out by every music publisher. While the blues was a style largely created by Black performers and writers, the segregated nature of the American music industry at the time meant that most vocal performances of these early blues that were captured on record were by white performers, Black vocalists at this time only rarely getting the chance to record. The first blues record with a Black vocalist is also technically the first British blues record. A group of Black musicians, apparently mostly American but led by a Jamaican pianist, played at Ciro's Club in London, and recorded many tracks in Britain, under a name which I'm not going to say in full -- it started with Ciro's Club, and continued alliteratively with another word starting with C, a slur for Black people. In 1917 they recorded a vocal version of "St. Louis Blues", another W.C. Handy composition: [Excerpt: Ciro's Club C**n Orchestra, "St. Louis Blues"] The first American Black blues vocal didn't come until two years later, when Bert Williams, a Black minstrel-show performer who like many Black performers of his era performed in blackface even though he was Black, recorded “I'm Sorry I Ain't Got It You Could Have It If I Had It Blues,” [Excerpt: Bert Williams, "I'm Sorry I Ain't Got It You Could Have It If I Had It Blues,”] But it wasn't until 1920 that the second, bigger, wave of popularity started for the blues, and this time it started with the first record of a Black *woman* singing the blues -- Mamie Smith's "Crazy Blues": [Excerpt: Mamie Smith, "Crazy Blues"] You can hear the difference between that and anything we've heard up to that point -- that's the first record that anyone from our perspective, a hundred and three years later, would listen to and say that it bore any resemblance to what we think of as the blues -- so much so that many places still credit it as the first ever blues record. And there's a reason for that. "Crazy Blues" was one of those records that separates the music industry into before and after, like "Rock Around the Clock", "I Want to Hold Your Hand", Sgt Pepper, or "Rapper's Delight". It sold seventy-five thousand copies in its first month -- a massive number by the standards of 1920 -- and purportedly went on to sell over a million copies. Sales figures and market analysis weren't really a thing in the same way in 1920, but even so it became very obvious that "Crazy Blues" was a big hit, and that unlike pretty much any other previous records, it was a big hit among Black listeners, which meant that there was a market for music aimed at Black people that was going untapped. Soon all the major record labels were setting up subsidiaries devoted to what they called "race music", music made by and for Black people. And this sees the birth of what is now known as "classic blues", but at the time (and for decades after) was just what people thought of when they thought of "the blues" as a genre. This was music primarily sung by female vaudeville artists backed by jazz bands, people like Ma Rainey (whose earliest recordings featured Louis Armstrong in her backing band): [Excerpt: Ma Rainey, "See See Rider Blues"] And Bessie Smith, the "Empress of the Blues", who had a massive career in the 1920s before the Great Depression caused many of these "race record" labels to fold, but who carried on performing well into the 1930s -- her last recording was in 1933, produced by John Hammond, with a backing band including Benny Goodman and Jack Teagarden: [Excerpt: Bessie Smith, "Give Me a Pigfoot and a Bottle of Beer"] It wouldn't be until several years after the boom started by Mamie Smith that any record companies turned to recording Black men singing the blues accompanied by guitar or banjo. The first record of this type is probably "Norfolk Blues" by Reese DuPree from 1924: [Excerpt: Reese DuPree, "Norfolk Blues"] And there were occasional other records of this type, like "Airy Man Blues" by Papa Charlie Jackson, who was advertised as the “only man living who sings, self-accompanied, for Blues records.” [Excerpt: Papa Charlie Jackson, "Airy Man Blues"] But contrary to the way these are seen today, at the time they weren't seen as being in some way "authentic", or "folk music". Indeed, there are many quotes from folk-music collectors of the time (sadly all of them using so many slurs that it's impossible for me to accurately quote them) saying that when people sang the blues, that wasn't authentic Black folk music at all but an adulteration from commercial music -- they'd clearly, according to these folk-music scholars, learned the blues style from records and sheet music rather than as part of an oral tradition. Most of these performers were people who recorded blues as part of a wider range of material, like Blind Blake, who recorded some blues music but whose best work was his ragtime guitar instrumentals: [Excerpt: Blind Blake, "Southern Rag"] But it was when Blind Lemon Jefferson started recording for Paramount records in 1926 that the image of the blues as we now think of it took shape. His first record, "Got the Blues", was a massive success: [Excerpt: Blind Lemon Jefferson, "Got the Blues"] And this resulted in many labels, especially Paramount, signing up pretty much every Black man with a guitar they could find in the hopes of finding another Blind Lemon Jefferson. But the thing is, this generation of people making blues records, and the generation that followed them, didn't think of themselves as "blues singers" or "bluesmen". They were songsters. Songsters were entertainers, and their job was to sing and play whatever the audiences would want to hear. That included the blues, of course, but it also included... well, every song anyone would want to hear. They'd perform old folk songs, vaudeville songs, songs that they'd heard on the radio or the jukebox -- whatever the audience wanted. Robert Johnson, for example, was known to particularly love playing polka music, and also adored the records of Jimmie Rodgers, the first country music superstar. In 1941, when Alan Lomax first recorded Muddy Waters, he asked Waters what kind of songs he normally played in performances, and he was given a list that included "Home on the Range", Gene Autry's "I've Got Spurs That Jingle Jangle Jingle", and Glenn Miller's "Chattanooga Choo-Choo". We have few recordings of these people performing this kind of song though. One of the few we have is Big Bill Broonzy, who was just about the only artist of this type not to get pigeonholed as just a blues singer, even though blues is what made him famous, and who later in his career managed to record songs like the Tin Pan Alley standard "The Glory of Love": [Excerpt: Big Bill Broonzy, "The Glory of Love"] But for the most part, the image we have of the blues comes down to one man, Arthur Laibley, a sales manager for the Wisconsin Chair Company. The Wisconsin Chair Company was, as the name would suggest, a company that started out making wooden chairs, but it had branched out into other forms of wooden furniture -- including, for a brief time, large wooden phonographs. And, like several other manufacturers, like the Radio Corporation of America -- RCA -- and the Gramophone Company, which became EMI, they realised that if they were going to sell the hardware it made sense to sell the software as well, and had started up Paramount Records, which bought up a small label, Black Swan, and soon became the biggest manufacturer of records for the Black market, putting out roughly a quarter of all "race records" released between 1922 and 1932. At first, most of these were produced by a Black talent scout, J. Mayo Williams, who had been the first person to record Ma Rainey, Papa Charlie Jackson, and Blind Lemon Jefferson, but in 1927 Williams left Paramount, and the job of supervising sessions went to Arthur Laibley, though according to some sources a lot of the actual production work was done by Aletha Dickerson, Williams' former assistant, who was almost certainly the first Black woman to be what we would now think of as a record producer. Williams had been interested in recording all kinds of music by Black performers, but when Laibley got a solo Black man into the studio, what he wanted more than anything was for him to record the blues, ideally in a style as close as possible to that of Blind Lemon Jefferson. Laibley didn't have a very hands-on approach to recording -- indeed Paramount had very little concern about the quality of their product anyway, and Paramount's records are notorious for having been put out on poor-quality shellac and recorded badly -- and he only occasionally made actual suggestions as to what kind of songs his performers should write -- for example he asked Son House to write something that sounded like Blind Lemon Jefferson, which led to House writing and recording "Mississippi County Farm Blues", which steals the tune of Jefferson's "See That My Grave is Kept Clean": [Excerpt: Son House, "Mississippi County Farm Blues"] When Skip James wanted to record a cover of James Wiggins' "Forty-Four Blues", Laibley suggested that instead he should do a song about a different gun, and so James recorded "Twenty-Two Twenty Blues": [Excerpt: Skip James, "Twenty-Two Twenty Blues"] And Laibley also suggested that James write a song about the Depression, which led to one of the greatest blues records ever, "Hard Time Killing Floor Blues": [Excerpt: Skip James, "Hard Time Killing Floor Blues"] These musicians knew that they were getting paid only for issued sides, and that Laibley wanted only blues from them, and so that's what they gave him. Even when it was a performer like Charlie Patton. (Incidentally, for those reading this as a transcript rather than listening to it, Patton's name is more usually spelled ending in ey, but as far as I can tell ie was his preferred spelling and that's what I'm using). Charlie Patton was best known as an entertainer, first and foremost -- someone who would do song-and-dance routines, joke around, play guitar behind his head. He was a clown on stage, so much so that when Son House finally heard some of Patton's records, in the mid-sixties, decades after the fact, he was astonished that Patton could actually play well. Even though House had been in the room when some of the records were made, his memory of Patton was of someone who acted the fool on stage. That's definitely not the impression you get from the Charlie Patton on record: [Excerpt: Charlie Patton, "Poor Me"] Patton is, as far as can be discerned, the person who was most influential in creating the music that became called the "Delta blues". Not a lot is known about Patton's life, but he was almost certainly the half-brother of the Chatmon brothers, who made hundreds of records, most notably as members of the Mississippi Sheiks: [Excerpt: The Mississippi Sheiks, "Sitting on Top of the World"] In the 1890s, Patton's family moved to Sunflower County, Mississippi, and he lived in and around that county until his death in 1934. Patton learned to play guitar from a musician called Henry Sloan, and then Patton became a mentor figure to a *lot* of other musicians in and around the plantation on which his family lived. Some of the musicians who grew up in the immediate area around Patton included Tommy Johnson: [Excerpt: Tommy Johnson, "Big Road Blues"] Pops Staples: [Excerpt: The Staple Singers, "Will The Circle Be Unbroken"] Robert Johnson: [Excerpt: Robert Johnson, "Crossroads"] Willie Brown, a musician who didn't record much, but who played a lot with Patton, Son House, and Robert Johnson and who we just heard Johnson sing about: [Excerpt: Willie Brown, "M&O Blues"] And Chester Burnett, who went on to become known as Howlin' Wolf, and whose vocal style was equally inspired by Patton and by the country star Jimmie Rodgers: [Excerpt: Howlin' Wolf, "Smokestack Lightnin'"] Once Patton started his own recording career for Paramount, he also started working as a talent scout for them, and it was him who brought Son House to Paramount. Soon after the Depression hit, Paramount stopped recording, and so from 1930 through 1934 Patton didn't make any records. He was tracked down by an A&R man in January 1934 and recorded one final session: [Excerpt, Charlie Patton, "34 Blues"] But he died of heart failure two months later. But his influence spread through his proteges, and they themselves influenced other musicians from the area who came along a little after, like Robert Lockwood and Muddy Waters. This music -- or that portion of it that was considered worth recording by white record producers, only a tiny, unrepresentative, portion of their vast performing repertoires -- became known as the Delta Blues, and when some of these musicians moved to Chicago and started performing with electric instruments, it became Chicago Blues. And as far as people like John Mayall in Britain were concerned, Delta and Chicago Blues *were* the blues: [Excerpt: John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, "It Ain't Right"] John Mayall was one of the first of the British blues obsessives, and for a long time thought of himself as the only one. While we've looked before at the growth of the London blues scene, Mayall wasn't from London -- he was born in Macclesfield and grew up in Cheadle Hulme, both relatively well-off suburbs of Manchester, and after being conscripted and doing two years in the Army, he had become an art student at Manchester College of Art, what is now Manchester Metropolitan University. Mayall had been a blues fan from the late 1940s, writing off to the US to order records that hadn't been released in the UK, and by most accounts by the late fifties he'd put together the biggest blues collection in Britain by quite some way. Not only that, but he had one of the earliest home tape recorders, and every night he would record radio stations from Continental Europe which were broadcasting for American service personnel, so he'd amassed mountains of recordings, often unlabelled, of obscure blues records that nobody else in the UK knew about. He was also an accomplished pianist and guitar player, and in 1956 he and his drummer friend Peter Ward had put together a band called the Powerhouse Four (the other two members rotated on a regular basis) mostly to play lunchtime jazz sessions at the art college. Mayall also started putting on jam sessions at a youth club in Wythenshawe, where he met another drummer named Hughie Flint. Over the late fifties and into the early sixties, Mayall more or less by himself built up a small blues scene in Manchester. The Manchester blues scene was so enthusiastic, in fact, that when the American Folk Blues Festival, an annual European tour which initially featured Willie Dixon, Memhis Slim, T-Bone Walker, Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee, and John Lee Hooker, first toured Europe, the only UK date it played was at the Manchester Free Trade Hall, and people like Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Brian Jones and Jimmy Page had to travel up from London to see it. But still, the number of blues fans in Manchester, while proportionally large, was objectively small enough that Mayall was captivated by an article in Melody Maker which talked about Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies' new band Blues Incorporated and how it was playing electric blues, the same music he was making in Manchester. He later talked about how the article had made him think that maybe now people would know what he was talking about. He started travelling down to London to play gigs for the London blues scene, and inviting Korner up to Manchester to play shows there. Soon Mayall had moved down to London. Korner introduced Mayall to Davey Graham, the great folk guitarist, with whom Korner had recently recorded as a duo: [Excerpt: Alexis Korner and Davey Graham, "3/4 AD"] Mayall and Graham performed together as a duo for a while, but Graham was a natural solo artist if ever there was one. Slowly Mayall put a band together in London. On drums was his old friend Peter Ward, who'd moved down from Manchester with him. On bass was John McVie, who at the time knew nothing about blues -- he'd been playing in a Shadows-style instrumental group -- but Mayall gave him a stack of blues records to listen to to get the feeling. And on guitar was Bernie Watson, who had previously played with Screaming Lord Sutch and the Savages. In late 1963, Mike Vernon, a blues fan who had previously published a Yardbirds fanzine, got a job working for Decca records, and immediately started signing his favourite acts from the London blues circuit. The first act he signed was John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, and they recorded a single, "Crawling up a Hill": [Excerpt: John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, "Crawling up a Hill (45 version)"] Mayall later called that a "clumsy, half-witted attempt at autobiographical comment", and it sold only five hundred copies. It would be the only record the Bluesbreakers would make with Watson, who soon left the band to be replaced by Roger Dean (not the same Roger Dean who later went on to design prog rock album covers). The second group to be signed by Mike Vernon to Decca was the Graham Bond Organisation. We've talked about the Graham Bond Organisation in passing several times, but not for a while and not in any great detail, so it's worth pulling everything we've said about them so far together and going through it in a little more detail. The Graham Bond Organisation, like the Rolling Stones, grew out of Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated. As we heard in the episode on "I Wanna Be Your Man" a couple of years ago, Blues Incorporated had been started by Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies, and at the time we're joining them in 1962 featured a drummer called Charlie Watts, a pianist called Dave Stevens, and saxophone player Dick Heckstall-Smith, as well as frequent guest performers like a singer who called himself Mike Jagger, and another one, Roderick Stewart. That group finally found themselves the perfect bass player when Dick Heckstall-Smith put together a one-off group of jazz players to play an event at Cambridge University. At the gig, a little Scottish man came up to the group and told them he played bass and asked if he could sit in. They told him to bring along his instrument to their second set, that night, and he did actually bring along a double bass. Their bluff having been called, they decided to play the most complicated, difficult, piece they knew in order to throw the kid off -- the drummer, a trad jazz player named Ginger Baker, didn't like performing with random sit-in guests -- but astonishingly he turned out to be really good. Heckstall-Smith took down the bass player's name and phone number and invited him to a jam session with Blues Incorporated. After that jam session, Jack Bruce quickly became the group's full-time bass player. Bruce had started out as a classical cellist, but had switched to the double bass inspired by Bach, who he referred to as "the guv'nor of all bass players". His playing up to this point had mostly been in trad jazz bands, and he knew nothing of the blues, but he quickly got the hang of the genre. Bruce's first show with Blues Incorporated was a BBC recording: [Excerpt: Blues Incorporated, "Hoochie Coochie Man (BBC session)"] According to at least one source it was not being asked to take part in that session that made young Mike Jagger decide there was no future for him with Blues Incorporated and to spend more time with his other group, the Rollin' Stones. Soon after, Charlie Watts would join him, for almost the opposite reason -- Watts didn't want to be in a band that was getting as big as Blues Incorporated were. They were starting to do more BBC sessions and get more gigs, and having to join the Musicians' Union. That seemed like a lot of work. Far better to join a band like the Rollin' Stones that wasn't going anywhere. Because of Watts' decision to give up on potential stardom to become a Rollin' Stone, they needed a new drummer, and luckily the best drummer on the scene was available. But then the best drummer on the scene was *always* available. Ginger Baker had first played with Dick Heckstall-Smith several years earlier, in a trad group called the Storyville Jazzmen. There Baker had become obsessed with the New Orleans jazz drummer Baby Dodds, who had played with Louis Armstrong in the 1920s. Sadly because of 1920s recording technology, he hadn't been able to play a full kit on the recordings with Armstrong, being limited to percussion on just a woodblock, but you can hear his drumming style much better in this version of "At the Jazz Band Ball" from 1947, with Mugsy Spanier, Jack Teagarden, Cyrus St. Clair and Hank Duncan: [Excerpt: "At the Jazz Band Ball"] Baker had taken Dobbs' style and run with it, and had quickly become known as the single best player, bar none, on the London jazz scene -- he'd become an accomplished player in multiple styles, and was also fluent in reading music and arranging. He'd also, though, become known as the single person on the entire scene who was most difficult to get along with. He resigned from his first band onstage, shouting "You can stick your band up your arse", after the band's leader had had enough of him incorporating bebop influences into their trad style. Another time, when touring with Diz Disley's band, he was dumped in Germany with no money and no way to get home, because the band were so sick of him. Sometimes this was because of his temper and his unwillingness to suffer fools -- and he saw everyone else he ever met as a fool -- and sometimes it was because of his own rigorous musical ideas. He wanted to play music *his* way, and wouldn't listen to anyone who told him different. Both of these things got worse after he fell under the influence of a man named Phil Seaman, one of the only drummers that Baker respected at all. Seaman introduced Baker to African drumming, and Baker started incorporating complex polyrhythms into his playing as a result. Seaman also though introduced Baker to heroin, and while being a heroin addict in the UK in the 1960s was not as difficult as it later became -- both heroin and cocaine were available on prescription to registered addicts, and Baker got both, which meant that many of the problems that come from criminalisation of these drugs didn't affect addicts in the same way -- but it still did not, by all accounts, make him an easier person to get along with. But he *was* a fantastic drummer. As Dick Heckstall-Smith said "With the advent of Ginger, the classic Blues Incorporated line-up, one which I think could not be bettered, was set" But Alexis Korner decided that the group could be bettered, and he had some backers within the band. One of the other bands on the scene was the Don Rendell Quintet, a group that played soul jazz -- that style of jazz that bridged modern jazz and R&B, the kind of music that Ray Charles and Herbie Hancock played: [Excerpt: The Don Rendell Quintet, "Manumission"] The Don Rendell Quintet included a fantastic multi-instrumentalist, Graham Bond, who doubled on keyboards and saxophone, and Bond had been playing occasional experimental gigs with the Johnny Burch Octet -- a group led by another member of the Rendell Quartet featuring Heckstall-Smith, Bruce, Baker, and a few other musicians, doing wholly-improvised music. Heckstall-Smith, Bruce, and Baker all enjoyed playing with Bond, and when Korner decided to bring him into the band, they were all very keen. But Cyril Davies, the co-leader of the band with Korner, was furious at the idea. Davies wanted to play strict Chicago and Delta blues, and had no truck with other forms of music like R&B and jazz. To his mind it was bad enough that they had a sax player. But the idea that they would bring in Bond, who played sax and... *Hammond* organ? Well, that was practically blasphemy. Davies quit the group at the mere suggestion. Bond was soon in the band, and he, Bruce, and Baker were playing together a *lot*. As well as performing with Blues Incorporated, they continued playing in the Johnny Burch Octet, and they also started performing as the Graham Bond Trio. Sometimes the Graham Bond Trio would be Blues Incorporated's opening act, and on more than one occasion the Graham Bond Trio, Blues Incorporated, and the Johnny Burch Octet all had gigs in different parts of London on the same night and they'd have to frantically get from one to the other. The Graham Bond Trio also had fans in Manchester, thanks to the local blues scene there and their connection with Blues Incorporated, and one night in February 1963 the trio played a gig there. They realised afterwards that by playing as a trio they'd made £70, when they were lucky to make £20 from a gig with Blues Incorporated or the Octet, because there were so many members in those bands. Bond wanted to make real money, and at the next rehearsal of Blues Incorporated he announced to Korner that he, Bruce, and Baker were quitting the band -- which was news to Bruce and Baker, who he hadn't bothered consulting. Baker, indeed, was in the toilet when the announcement was made and came out to find it a done deal. He was going to kick up a fuss and say he hadn't been consulted, but Korner's reaction sealed the deal. As Baker later said "‘he said “it's really good you're doing this thing with Graham, and I wish you the best of luck” and all that. And it was a bit difficult to turn round and say, “Well, I don't really want to leave the band, you know.”'" The Graham Bond Trio struggled at first to get the gigs they were expecting, but that started to change when in April 1963 they became the Graham Bond Quartet, with the addition of virtuoso guitarist John McLaughlin. The Quartet soon became one of the hottest bands on the London R&B scene, and when Duffy Power, a Larry Parnes teen idol who wanted to move into R&B, asked his record label to get him a good R&B band to back him on a Beatles cover, it was the Graham Bond Quartet who obliged: [Excerpt: Duffy Power, "I Saw Her Standing There"] The Quartet also backed Power on a package tour with other Parnes acts, but they were also still performing their own blend of hard jazz and blues, as can be heard in this recording of the group live in June 1953: [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Quartet, "Ho Ho Country Kicking Blues (Live at Klooks Kleek)"] But that lineup of the group didn't last very long. According to the way Baker told the story, he fired McLaughlin from the group, after being irritated by McLaughlin complaining about something on a day when Baker was out of cocaine and in no mood to hear anyone else's complaints. As Baker said "We lost a great guitar player and I lost a good friend." But the Trio soon became a Quartet again, as Dick Heckstall-Smith, who Baker had wanted in the band from the start, joined on saxophone to replace McLaughlin's guitar. But they were no longer called the Graham Bond Quartet. Partly because Heckstall-Smith joining allowed Bond to concentrate just on his keyboard playing, but one suspects partly to protect against any future lineup changes, the group were now The Graham Bond ORGANisation -- emphasis on the organ. The new lineup of the group got signed to Decca by Vernon, and were soon recording their first single, "Long Tall Shorty": [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Organisation, "Long Tall Shorty"] They recorded a few other songs which made their way onto an EP and an R&B compilation, and toured intensively in early 1964, as well as backing up Power on his follow-up to "I Saw Her Standing There", his version of "Parchman Farm": [Excerpt: Duffy Power, "Parchman Farm"] They also appeared in a film, just like the Beatles, though it was possibly not quite as artistically successful as "A Hard Day's Night": [Excerpt: Gonks Go Beat trailer] Gonks Go Beat is one of the most bizarre films of the sixties. It's a far-future remake of Romeo and Juliet. where the two star-crossed lovers are from opposing countries -- Beatland and Ballad Isle -- who only communicate once a year in an annual song contest which acts as their version of a war, and is overseen by "Mr. A&R", played by Frank Thornton, who would later star in Are You Being Served? Carry On star Kenneth Connor is sent by aliens to try to bring peace to the two warring countries, on pain of exile to Planet Gonk, a planet inhabited solely by Gonks (a kind of novelty toy for which there was a short-lived craze then). Along the way Connor encounters such luminaries of British light entertainment as Terry Scott and Arthur Mullard, as well as musical performances by Lulu, the Nashville Teens, and of course the Graham Bond Organisation, whose performance gets them a telling-off from a teacher: [Excerpt: Gonks Go Beat!] The group as a group only performed one song in this cinematic masterpiece, but Baker also made an appearance in a "drum battle" sequence where eight drummers played together: [Excerpt: Gonks Go Beat drum battle] The other drummers in that scene included, as well as some lesser-known players, Andy White who had played on the single version of "Love Me Do", Bobby Graham, who played on hits by the Kinks and the Dave Clark Five, and Ronnie Verrell, who did the drumming for Animal in the Muppet Show. Also in summer 1964, the group performed at the Fourth National Jazz & Blues Festival in Richmond -- the festival co-founded by Chris Barber that would evolve into the Reading Festival. The Yardbirds were on the bill, and at the end of their set they invited Bond, Baker, Bruce, Georgie Fame, and Mike Vernon onto the stage with them, making that the first time that Eric Clapton, Ginger Baker, and Jack Bruce were all on stage together. Soon after that, the Graham Bond Organisation got a new manager, Robert Stigwood. Things hadn't been working out for them at Decca, and Stigwood soon got the group signed to EMI, and became their producer as well. Their first single under Stigwood's management was a cover version of the theme tune to the Debbie Reynolds film "Tammy". While that film had given Tamla records its name, the song was hardly an R&B classic: [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Organisation, "Tammy"] That record didn't chart, but Stigwood put the group out on the road as part of the disastrous Chuck Berry tour we heard about in the episode on "All You Need is Love", which led to the bankruptcy of Robert Stigwood Associates. The Organisation moved over to Stigwood's new company, the Robert Stigwood Organisation, and Stigwood continued to be the credited producer of their records, though after the "Tammy" disaster they decided they were going to take charge themselves of the actual music. Their first album, The Sound of 65, was recorded in a single three-hour session, and they mostly ran through their standard set -- a mixture of the same songs everyone else on the circuit was playing, like "Hoochie Coochie Man", "Got My Mojo Working", and "Wade in the Water", and originals like Bruce's "Train Time": [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Organisation, "Train Time"] Through 1965 they kept working. They released a non-album single, "Lease on Love", which is generally considered to be the first pop record to feature a Mellotron: [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Organisation, "Lease on Love"] and Bond and Baker also backed another Stigwood act, Winston G, on his debut single: [Excerpt: Winston G, "Please Don't Say"] But the group were developing severe tensions. Bruce and Baker had started out friendly, but by this time they hated each other. Bruce said he couldn't hear his own playing over Baker's loud drumming, Baker thought that Bruce was far too fussy a player and should try to play simpler lines. They'd both try to throw each other during performances, altering arrangements on the fly and playing things that would trip the other player up. And *neither* of them were particularly keen on Bond's new love of the Mellotron, which was all over their second album, giving it a distinctly proto-prog feel at times: [Excerpt: The Graham Bond Organisation, "Baby Can it Be True?"] Eventually at a gig in Golders Green, Baker started throwing drumsticks at Bruce's head while Bruce was trying to play a bass solo. Bruce retaliated by throwing his bass at Baker, and then jumping on him and starting a fistfight which had to be broken up by the venue security. Baker fired Bruce from the band, but Bruce kept turning up to gigs anyway, arguing that Baker had no right to sack him as it was a democracy. Baker always claimed that in fact Bond had wanted to sack Bruce but hadn't wanted to get his hands dirty, and insisted that Baker do it, but neither Bond nor Heckstall-Smith objected when Bruce turned up for the next couple of gigs. So Baker took matters into his own hands, He pulled out a knife and told Bruce "If you show up at one more gig, this is going in you." Within days, Bruce was playing with John Mayall, whose Bluesbreakers had gone through some lineup changes by this point. Roger Dean had only played with the Bluesbreakers for a short time before Mayall had replaced him. Mayall had not been impressed with Eric Clapton's playing with the Yardbirds at first -- even though graffiti saying "Clapton is God" was already starting to appear around London -- but he had been *very* impressed with Clapton's playing on "Got to Hurry", the B-side to "For Your Love": [Excerpt: The Yardbirds, "Got to Hurry"] When he discovered that Clapton had quit the band, he sprang into action and quickly recruited him to replace Dean. Clapton knew he had made the right choice when a month after he'd joined, the group got the word that Bob Dylan had been so impressed with Mayall's single "Crawling up a Hill" -- the one that nobody liked, not even Mayall himself -- that he wanted to jam with Mayall and his band in the studio. Clapton of course went along: [Excerpt: Bob Dylan and the Bluesbreakers, "If You Gotta Go, Go Now"] That was, of course, the session we've talked about in the Velvet Underground episode and elsewhere of which little other than that survives, and which Nico attended. At this point, Mayall didn't have a record contract, his experience recording with Mike Vernon having been no more successful than the Bond group's had been. But soon he got a one-off deal -- as a solo artist, not with the Bluesbreakers -- with Immediate Records. Clapton was the only member of the group to play on the single, which was produced by Immediate's house producer Jimmy Page: [Excerpt: John Mayall, "I'm Your Witchdoctor"] Page was impressed enough with Clapton's playing that he invited him round to Page's house to jam together. But what Clapton didn't know was that Page was taping their jam sessions, and that he handed those tapes over to Immediate Records -- whether he was forced to by his contract with the label or whether that had been his plan all along depends on whose story you believe, but Clapton never truly forgave him. Page and Clapton's guitar-only jams had overdubs by Bill Wyman, Ian Stewart, and drummer Chris Winter, and have been endlessly repackaged on blues compilations ever since: [Excerpt: Jimmy Page and Eric Clapton, "Draggin' My Tail"] But Mayall was having problems with John McVie, who had started to drink too much, and as soon as he found out that Jack Bruce was sacked by the Graham Bond Organisation, Mayall got in touch with Bruce and got him to join the band in McVie's place. Everyone was agreed that this lineup of the band -- Mayall, Clapton, Bruce, and Hughie Flint -- was going places: [Excerpt: John Mayall's Bluesbreakers with Jack Bruce, "Hoochie Coochie Man"] Unfortunately, it wasn't going to last long. Clapton, while he thought that Bruce was the greatest bass player he'd ever worked with, had other plans. He was going to leave the country and travel the world as a peripatetic busker. He was off on his travels, never to return. Luckily, Mayall had someone even better waiting in the wings. A young man had, according to Mayall, "kept coming down to all the gigs and saying, “Hey, what are you doing with him?” – referring to whichever guitarist was onstage that night – “I'm much better than he is. Why don't you let me play guitar for you?” He got really quite nasty about it, so finally, I let him sit in. And he was brilliant." Peter Green was probably the best blues guitarist in London at that time, but this lineup of the Bluesbreakers only lasted a handful of gigs -- Clapton discovered that busking in Greece wasn't as much fun as being called God in London, and came back very soon after he'd left. Mayall had told him that he could have his old job back when he got back, and so Green was out and Clapton was back in. And soon the Bluesbreakers' revolving door revolved again. Manfred Mann had just had a big hit with "If You Gotta Go, Go Now", the same song we heard Dylan playing earlier: [Excerpt: Manfred Mann, "If You Gotta Go, Go Now"] But their guitarist, Mike Vickers, had quit. Tom McGuinness, their bass player, had taken the opportunity to switch back to guitar -- the instrument he'd played in his first band with his friend Eric Clapton -- but that left them short a bass player. Manfred Mann were essentially the same kind of band as the Graham Bond Organisation -- a Hammond-led group of virtuoso multi-instrumentalists who played everything from hardcore Delta blues to complex modern jazz -- but unlike the Bond group they also had a string of massive pop hits, and so made a lot more money. The combination was irresistible to Bruce, and he joined the band just before they recorded an EP of jazz instrumental versions of recent hits: [Excerpt: Manfred Mann, "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction"] Bruce had also been encouraged by Robert Stigwood to do a solo project, and so at the same time as he joined Manfred Mann, he also put out a solo single, "Drinkin' and Gamblin'" [Excerpt: Jack Bruce, "Drinkin' and Gamblin'"] But of course, the reason Bruce had joined Manfred Mann was that they were having pop hits as well as playing jazz, and soon they did just that, with Bruce playing on their number one hit "Pretty Flamingo": [Excerpt: Manfred Mann, "Pretty Flamingo"] So John McVie was back in the Bluesbreakers, promising to keep his drinking under control. Mike Vernon still thought that Mayall had potential, but the people at Decca didn't agree, so Vernon got Mayall and Clapton -- but not the other band members -- to record a single for a small indie label he ran as a side project: [Excerpt: John Mayall and Eric Clapton, "Bernard Jenkins"] That label normally only released records in print runs of ninety-nine copies, because once you hit a hundred copies you had to pay tax on them, but there was so much demand for that single that they ended up pressing up five hundred copies, making it the label's biggest seller ever. Vernon eventually convinced the heads at Decca that the Bluesbreakers could be truly big, and so he got the OK to record the album that would generally be considered the greatest British blues album of all time -- Blues Breakers, also known as the Beano album because of Clapton reading a copy of the British kids' comic The Beano in the group photo on the front. [Excerpt: John Mayall with Eric Clapton, "Ramblin' On My Mind"] The album was a mixture of originals by Mayall and the standard repertoire of every blues or R&B band on the circuit -- songs like "Parchman Farm" and "What'd I Say" -- but what made the album unique was Clapton's guitar tone. Much to the chagrin of Vernon, and of engineer Gus Dudgeon, Clapton insisted on playing at the same volume that he would on stage. Vernon later said of Dudgeon "I can remember seeing his face the very first time Clapton plugged into the Marshall stack and turned it up and started playing at the sort of volume he was going to play. You could almost see Gus's eyes meet over the middle of his nose, and it was almost like he was just going to fall over from the sheer power of it all. But after an enormous amount of fiddling around and moving amps around, we got a sound that worked." [Excerpt: John Mayall with Eric Clapton, "Hideaway"] But by the time the album cane out. Clapton was no longer with the Bluesbreakers. The Graham Bond Organisation had struggled on for a while after Bruce's departure. They brought in a trumpet player, Mike Falana, and even had a hit record -- or at least, the B-side of a hit record. The Who had just put out a hit single, "Substitute", on Robert Stigwood's record label, Reaction: [Excerpt: The Who, "Substitute"] But, as you'll hear in episode 183, they had moved to Reaction Records after a falling out with their previous label, and with Shel Talmy their previous producer. The problem was, when "Substitute" was released, it had as its B-side a song called "Circles" (also known as "Instant Party -- it's been released under both names). They'd recorded an earlier version of the song for Talmy, and just as "Substitute" was starting to chart, Talmy got an injunction against the record and it had to be pulled. Reaction couldn't afford to lose the big hit record they'd spent money promoting, so they needed to put it out with a new B-side. But the Who hadn't got any unreleased recordings. But the Graham Bond Organisation had, and indeed they had an unreleased *instrumental*. So "Waltz For a Pig" became the B-side to a top-five single, credited to The Who Orchestra: [Excerpt: The Who Orchestra, "Waltz For a Pig"] That record provided the catalyst for the formation of Cream, because Ginger Baker had written the song, and got £1,350 for it, which he used to buy a new car. Baker had, for some time, been wanting to get out of the Graham Bond Organisation. He was trying to get off heroin -- though he would make many efforts to get clean over the decades, with little success -- while Bond was starting to use it far more heavily, and was also using acid and getting heavily into mysticism, which Baker despised. Baker may have had the idea for what he did next from an article in one of the music papers. John Entwistle of the Who would often tell a story about an article in Melody Maker -- though I've not been able to track down the article itself to get the full details -- in which musicians were asked to name which of their peers they'd put into a "super-group". He didn't remember the full details, but he did remember that the consensus choice had had Eric Clapton on lead guitar, himself on bass, and Ginger Baker on drums. As he said later "I don't remember who else was voted in, but a few months later, the Cream came along, and I did wonder if somebody was maybe believing too much of their own press". Incidentally, like The Buffalo Springfield and The Pink Floyd, Cream, the band we are about to meet, had releases both with and without the definite article, and Eric Clapton at least seems always to talk about them as "the Cream" even decades later, but they're primarily known as just Cream these days. Baker, having had enough of the Bond group, decided to drive up to Oxford to see Clapton playing with the Bluesbreakers. Clapton invited him to sit in for a couple of songs, and by all accounts the band sounded far better than they had previously. Clapton and Baker could obviously play well together, and Baker offered Clapton a lift back to London in his new car, and on the drive back asked Clapton if he wanted to form a new band. Clapton was as impressed by Baker's financial skills as he was by his musicianship. He said later "Musicians didn't have cars. You all got in a van." Clearly a musician who was *actually driving a new car he owned* was going places. He agreed to Baker's plan. But of course they needed a bass player, and Clapton thought he had the perfect solution -- "What about Jack?" Clapton knew that Bruce had been a member of the Graham Bond Organisation, but didn't know why he'd left the band -- he wasn't particularly clued in to what the wider music scene was doing, and all he knew was that Bruce had played with both him and Baker, and that he was the best bass player he'd ever played with. And Bruce *was* arguably the best bass player in London at that point, and he was starting to pick up session work as well as his work with Manfred Mann. For example it's him playing on the theme tune to "After The Fox" with Peter Sellers, the Hollies, and the song's composer Burt Bacharach: [Excerpt: The Hollies with Peter Sellers, "After the Fox"] Clapton was insistent. Baker's idea was that the band should be the best musicians around. That meant they needed the *best* musicians around, not the second best. If Jack Bruce wasn't joining, Eric Clapton wasn't joining either. Baker very reluctantly agreed, and went round to see Bruce the next day -- according to Baker it was in a spirit of generosity and giving Bruce one more chance, while according to Bruce he came round to eat humble pie and beg for forgiveness. Either way, Bruce agreed to join the band. The three met up for a rehearsal at Baker's home, and immediately Bruce and Baker started fighting, but also immediately they realised that they were great at playing together -- so great that they named themselves the Cream, as they were the cream of musicians on the scene. They knew they had something, but they didn't know what. At first they considered making their performances into Dada projects, inspired by the early-twentieth-century art movement. They liked a band that had just started to make waves, the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band -- who had originally been called the Bonzo Dog Dada Band -- and they bought some props with the vague idea of using them on stage in the same way the Bonzos did. But as they played together they realised that they needed to do something different from that. At first, they thought they needed a fourth member -- a keyboard player. Graham Bond's name was brought up, but Clapton vetoed him. Clapton wanted Steve Winwood, the keyboard player and vocalist with the Spencer Davis Group. Indeed, Winwood was present at what was originally intended to be the first recording session the trio would play. Joe Boyd had asked Eric Clapton to round up a bunch of players to record some filler tracks for an Elektra blues compilation, and Clapton had asked Bruce and Baker to join him, Paul Jones on vocals, Winwood on Hammond and Clapton's friend Ben Palmer on piano for the session. Indeed, given that none of the original trio were keen on singing, that Paul Jones was just about to leave Manfred Mann, and that we know Clapton wanted Winwood in the band, one has to wonder if Clapton at least half-intended for this to be the eventual lineup of the band. If he did, that plan was foiled by Baker's refusal to take part in the session. Instead, this one-off band, named The Powerhouse, featured Pete York, the drummer from the Spencer Davis Group, on the session, which produced the first recording of Clapton playing on the Robert Johnson song originally titled "Cross Road Blues" but now generally better known just as "Crossroads": [Excerpt: The Powerhouse, "Crossroads"] We talked about Robert Johnson a little back in episode ninety-seven, but other than Bob Dylan, who was inspired by his lyrics, we had seen very little influence from Johnson up to this point, but he's going to be a major influence on rock guitar for the next few years, so we should talk about him a little here. It's often said that nobody knew anything about Robert Johnson, that he was almost a phantom other than his records which existed outside of any context as artefacts of their own. That's... not really the case. Johnson had died a little less than thirty years earlier, at only twenty-seven years old. Most of his half-siblings and step-siblings were alive, as were his son, his stepson, and dozens of musicians he'd played with over the years, women he'd had affairs with, and other assorted friends and relatives. What people mean is that information about Johnson's life was not yet known by people they consider important -- which is to say white blues scholars and musicians. Indeed, almost everything people like that -- people like *me* -- know of the facts of Johnson's life has only become known to us in the last four years. If, as some people had expected, I'd started this series with an episode on Johnson, I'd have had to redo the whole thing because of the information that's made its way to the public since then. But here's what was known -- or thought -- by white blues scholars in 1966. Johnson was, according to them, a field hand from somewhere in Mississippi, who played the guitar in between working on the cotton fields. He had done two recording sessions, in 1936 and 1937. One song from his first session, "Terraplane Blues", had been a very minor hit by blues standards: [Excerpt: Robert Johnson, "Terraplane Blues"] That had sold well -- nobody knows how well, but maybe as many as ten thousand copies, and it was certainly a record people knew in 1937 if they liked the Delta blues, but ten thousand copies total is nowhere near the sales of really successful records, and none of the follow-ups had sold anything like that much -- many of them had sold in the hundreds rather than the thousands. As Elijah Wald, one of Johnson's biographers put it "knowing about Johnson and Muddy Waters but not about Leroy Carr or Dinah Washington was like knowing about, say, the Sir Douglas Quintet but not knowing about the Beatles" -- though *I* would add that the Sir Douglas Quintet were much bigger during the sixties than Johnson was during his lifetime. One of the few white people who had noticed Johnson's existence at all was John Hammond, and he'd written a brief review of Johnson's first two singles under a pseudonym in a Communist newspaper. I'm going to quote it here, but the word he used to talk about Black people was considered correct then but isn't now, so I'll substitute Black for that word: "Before closing we cannot help but call your attention to the greatest [Black] blues singer who has cropped up in recent years, Robert Johnson. Recording them in deepest Mississippi, Vocalion has certainly done right by us and by the tunes "Last Fair Deal Gone Down" and "Terraplane Blues", to name only two of the four sides already released, sung to his own guitar accompaniment. Johnson makes Leadbelly sound like an accomplished poseur" Hammond had tried to get Johnson to perform at the Spirituals to Swing concerts we talked about in the very first episodes of the podcast, but he'd discovered that he'd died shortly before. He got Big Bill Broonzy instead, and played a couple of Johnson's records from a record player on the stage. Hammond introduced those recordings with a speech: "It is tragic that an American audience could not have been found seven or eight years ago for a concert of this kind. Bessie Smith was still at the height of her career and Joe Smith, probably the greatest trumpet player America ever knew, would still have been around to play obbligatos for her...dozens of other artists could have been there in the flesh. But that audience as well as this one would not have been able to hear Robert Johnson sing and play the blues on his guitar, for at that time Johnson was just an unknown hand on a Robinsonville, Mississippi plantation. Robert Johnson was going to be the big surprise of the evening for this audience at Carnegie Hall. I know him only from his Vocalion blues records and from the tall, exciting tales the recording engineers and supervisors used to bring about him from the improvised studios in Dallas and San Antonio. I don't believe Johnson had ever worked as a professional musician anywhere, and it still knocks me over when I think of how lucky it is that a talent like his ever found its way onto phonograph records. We will have to be content with playing two of his records, the old "Walkin' Blues" and the new, unreleased, "Preachin' Blues", because Robert Johnson died last week at the precise moment when Vocalion scouts finally reached him and told him that he was booked to appear at Carnegie Hall on December 23. He was in his middle twenties and nobody seems to know what caused his death." And that was, for the most part, the end of Robert Johnson's impact on the culture for a generation. The Lomaxes went down to Clarksdale, Mississippi a couple of years later -- reports vary as to whether this was to see if they could find Johnson, who they were unaware was dead, or to find information out about him, and they did end up recording a young singer named Muddy Waters for the Library of Congress, including Waters' rendition of "32-20 Blues", Johnson's reworking of Skip James' "Twenty-Two Twenty Blues": [Excerpt: Muddy Waters, "32-20 Blues"] But Johnson's records remained unavailable after their initial release until 1959, when the blues scholar Samuel Charters published the book The Country Blues, which was the first book-length treatment ever of Delta blues. Sixteen years later Charters said "I shouldn't have written The Country Blues when I did; since I really didn't know enough, but I felt I couldn't afford to wait. So The Country Blues was two things. It was a romanticization of certain aspects of black life in an effort to force the white society to reconsider some of its racial attitudes, and on the other hand it was a cry for help. I wanted hundreds of people to go out and interview the surviving blues artists. I wanted people to record them and document their lives, their environment, and their music, not only so that their story would be preserved but also so they'd get a little money and a little recognition in their last years." Charters talked about Johnson in the book, as one of the performers who played "minor roles in the story of the blues", and said that almost nothing was known about his life. He talked about how he had been poisoned by his common-law wife, about how his records were recorded in a pool hall, and said "The finest of Robert Johnson's blues have a brooding sense of torment and despair. The blues has become a personified figure of despondency." Along with Charters' book came a compilation album of the same name, and that included the first ever reissue of one of Johnson's tracks, "Preaching Blues": [Excerpt: Robert Johnson, "Preaching Blues"] Two years later, John Hammond, who had remained an ardent fan of Johnson, had Columbia put out the King of the Delta Blues Singers album. At the time no white blues scholars knew what Johnson looked like and they had no photos of him, so a generic painting of a poor-looking Black man with a guitar was used for the cover. The liner note to King of the Delta Blues Singers talked about how Johnson was seventeen or eighteen when he made his recordings, how he was "dead before he reached his twenty-first birthday, poisoned by a jealous girlfriend", how he had "seldom, if ever, been away from the plantation in Robinsville, Mississippi, where he was born and raised", and how he had had such stage fright that when he was asked to play in front of other musicians, he'd turned to face a wall so he couldn't see them. And that would be all that any of the members of the Powerhouse would know about Johnson. Maybe they'd also heard the rumours that were starting to spread that Johnson had got his guitar-playing skills by selling his soul to the devil at a crossroads at midnight, but that would have been all they knew when they recorded their filler track for Elektra: [Excerpt: The Powerhouse, "Crossroads"] Either way, the Powerhouse lineup only lasted for that one session -- the group eventually decided that a simple trio would be best for the music they wanted to play. Clapton had seen Buddy Guy touring with just a bass player and drummer a year earlier, and had liked the idea of the freedom that gave him as a guitarist. The group soon took on Robert Stigwood as a manager, which caused more arguments between Bruce and Baker. Bruce was convinced that if they were doing an all-for-one one-for-all thing they should also manage themselves, but Baker pointed out that that was a daft idea when they could get one of the biggest managers in the country to look after them. A bigger argument, which almost killed the group before it started, happened when Baker told journalist Chris Welch of the Melody Maker about their plans. In an echo of the way that he and Bruce had been resigned from Blues Incorporated without being consulted, now with no discussion Manfred Mann and John Mayall were reading in the papers that their band members were quitting before those members had bothered to mention it. Mayall was furious, especially since the album Clapton had played on hadn't yet come out. Clapton was supposed to work a month's notice while Mayall found another guitarist, but Mayall spent two weeks begging Peter Green to rejoin the band. Green was less than eager -- after all, he'd been fired pretty much straight away earlier -- but Mayall eventually persuaded him. The second he did, Mayall turned round to Clapton and told him he didn't have to work the rest of his notice -- he'd found another guitar player and Clapton was fired: [Excerpt: John Mayall's Bluesbreakers, "Dust My Blues"] Manfred Mann meanwhile took on the Beatles' friend Klaus Voorman to replace Bruce. Voorman would remain with the band until the end, and like Green was for Mayall, Voorman was in some ways a better fit for Manfred Mann than Bruce was. In particular he could double on flute, as he did for example on their hit version of Bob Dylan's "The Mighty Quinn": [Excerpt: Manfred Mann "The Mighty Quinn"] The new group, The Cream, were of course signed in the UK to Stigwood's Reaction label. Other than the Who, who only stuck around for one album, Reaction was not a very successful label. Its biggest signing was a former keyboard player for Screaming Lord Sutch, who recorded for them under the names Paul Dean and Oscar, but who later became known as Paul Nicholas and had a successful career in musical theatre and sitcom. Nicholas never had any hits for Reaction, but he did release one interesting record, in 1967: [Excerpt: Oscar, "Over the Wall We Go"] That was one of the earliest songwriting attempts by a young man who had recently named himself David Bowie. Now the group were public, they started inviting journalists to their rehearsals, which were mostly spent trying to combine their disparate musical influences --
Episode 220 of the Forbidden Door weekend of No One's Ready For Wrestling discusses the backstage reaction in AEW of the brand split and how it was received. Noticeable change in AEW's ticket sales following CM Punk's return. The reason why KENTA vs CM Punk isn't happening at Forbidden Door and I give a reason why KENTA decided not to work with CM Punk. Shad & Tony Khan interested in buying Bellator? Meltzer claims divisiveness in AEW to be worse since CM Punk's return promo and the ESPN interview. Fuego Del Sol bids farewell to AEW. What did I think about the debut episode of Collision? Andrade & Buddy Matthews had an excellent match and the finish was outstanding. Wardlow loses the TNT title (Again) to Luchasaurus and being real about the state of the TNT Title. Jeff Hardy taking a hiatus from AEW and the reason why he's taking a hiatus. Predictions on the Owen Hart Cup Tournament & AEW x NJPW Forbidden Door (2023) PPV. Moose announces that he's staying with IMPACT Wrestling. Tommy Dreamer reveals that he's diagnosed with skin cancer for the 3rd time. Does Top Dolla have heat with some people in WWE? Fastlane is announced and the location revealed. Dakota Kai shares update on her recovery from surgery. LA Knight explains why he was converted into a manager as Max Dupri. Carlito possibly returning to WWE at the MSG? Tomasso Ciampa returns to RAW and cuts an excellent promo on WWE's social media and drops a DIY reference. Logan Paul enters the men's Money In The Bank ladder match and my thoughts on this announcement. Dana Brooke reacts to criticism of her match on NXT and I give my honest take on it. Finally, Vince McMahon made changes on a boring SmackDown. All this & so much more RIGHT HERE on No One's Ready For Wrestling! --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/shinodphoenix/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/shinodphoenix/support
ONW - EP 202 AEW Dynamite Cole V MJF / Time limit draw / the match cole needed / fantastic finish Was not expecting the draw, buy gives Cole a reason to challenge again down the road. Hungbucks v BCC / Crazy ending to the show / Eddie Kingston / Will Ospreay AEW Rampage Bandido v Takeshita Bandido injured, broken wrist Aubrey Edwards was terrible What is the end game of this angle? Aew Collision Good first impressions of the set Thoughts on “Saturday nights alright for fighting” Thoughts on Kevin Kelly and Nigel Mcguiness Chris Hero working backstage on a trial basis Collision did string numbers. 3rd in cable that night with 816k viewers and a .33 share of demo. Where do you guys think it will average out? Lackluster promo from punk / kind of have to do a program with the elite -Are they turning it into a work? Is there still a legal gag order? -Removing the AEW logo from the mic -Hung Bucks vs CMFTR at Wembley ? -I think theres more to what was in the bag (AEW title) -Counterfeit Bucks -At what point do they turn him heel? -Punk is self righteous and in fact should apologize to a number of people -Phil Brooks is a piece of shit and a bully. He pretends to be some kind of crusader and warrior for the weak. But in real life he is everything that he claims to stand against. Young Bucks response on twitter: If it were 2018, we'd already have a “Counterfeit Bucks” shirt available on PWT. Kill it Ya'll Luchasaurus was the right pick to win the tnt title / like that christian is taking all the credit (I DID IT!!) Wardlow looks like Bron Breakker without his long hair Awkward spot where Wardlow almost dropped Luchasaurus on his head Banger match with Andrade v Buddy Mathews / Do Andrade and his gang go after the trios titles? / Cool that he used the figure 8 / Andrade wrestling more like he did in nxt The return of Scorpio Sky Miro's return was good, half expected CJ / Awesome new shirt / not sure who his first real program should be Stand out performance from Skye Blue / one hell of a finisher Willow v Toni at forbidden door? Owen Hart tournament / Early Picks / Starks / Hobbs It's going to be really sad when the acclaimed turn on daddy ass CMFTR - Comforter Good match, but carried by everyone but punk -Juice was hilarious and have a good showing -Smart to have Jay not eat the pin -Joe looked like a monster -Shockingly no post match angle -I want to see more bullet club gold Is collision going to be different enough to grab more of an audience for AEW? WWE Smackdown Why does roman still have the 2 old belts? “What!” during romans program / Is it time to wrap this up finally? Sometimes when Jey gets mad he looks like a little kid having a tantrum The bloodline crumbles / Usos Superkick the shit out of roman / Bloodline Civil War at MITB Kross + Scarlett V AJ and Mia -Why? Baron Corbin now feuding with Cameron Grimes? Is his NXT run over? Ridge and Seamus run through everyone Is hit Row done? Lets hope Pretty deadly to face sami and Ko Damage Control breaking up infront of our eyes Bianca and Charlotte… BLEH LA gets pinned by santos / LA feels like the MITB favorite WWE RAW: Logan Paul announces himself for MITB Ciampa Return Finn attacks seth Fight forever even includes botches / Exploding barbed wire death match GCW: Nick Gage V ZSJ Finn Balor attacks Seth Rollins on WWE NXT AEW Forbidden Door Predictions Thanks for listening. Watch us on Twitch. www.twitch.tv/onrslive Chat with us on Facebook. www.facebook.com/groups/ohnowrestling Support us on Patreon. www.patreon.com/ONRS
Recorded June 21, 2023 Veteran journalist Bill Apter joined Dr. Chris Featherstone on this week's episode of UnSKripted. Apter spoke about his issue with Seth Rollins' match with Bron Breakker from this week's NXT, CM Punk's AEW return at Collision, and the poor booking of Wardlow. Furthermore, Apter also discussed Jey and Jimmy Uso leaving The Bloodline, Finn Balor's chances of defeating Seth Rollins at Money in the Bank, and tons more. #WWE #RomanReigns #CMPunk You can also visit our site: https://www.sportskeeda.com/wwe For more updates on sports follow us on: - Podcast: https://open.spotify.com/show/749eMMN... - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SKWrestling - Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/SKWrestling_ - Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/skwrestling_ - TikTok: https://www.instagram.com/sportskeeda...
In this super-sized episode of The Boom, James and Kevin are joined by Speaking of Strong Style co-host Jeremy Finestone to preview this weekend's Forbidden Door show. CM Punk returned to AEW TV on the debut episode of Collision and demanded to be acknowleged. Will his Main Character Energy be the shot in the arm AEW needs, the beginning a new round of backstage chaos, or both? Also: A full review of Collision and “One Bill Phil” Kevin Kelly shines even when he gaffes Andrade and Buddy steal the show More predictions for Forbidden Door matches The future of the MJF-Adam Cole feud Big time main-event angles Skye Blue's big week (again) Wardlow's fall from grace Aubrey Edwards kicks butt And a look ahead at this week's shows Join the Patreon for just $5.00 per month: https://www.patreon.com/fightgamemedia Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/fightgamemedia Subscribe to our YouTube Page: https://www.youtube.com/c/FightGameMedia Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/fightgamemedia Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Shaunie and Mike delve into the return of CM Punk on AEW's new 2 hour Saturday Night show AEW collision, including the Wild booking of the TNT title and the downfall of Wardlow, a wild brawl between the lovers of WWE stars, and a wild main event, wanna know something else that wild, what exactly CM Punk had to say with a live mic in his hand. All this and more on the return of S+MITW!!!
'The Sit-Down with Don Tony' (6/18/23) hosted by Don Tony and presented by BlueWire. Some Topics Discussed: The Good, The Bad, and the Mid: Honest overall thoughts on AEW Collision debut episode Thoughts on why CM Punk's 'Elite' insults focused mostly around Young Bucks CM Punk vs MJF: Title Unification is the $$$ match for AEW All In at Wembley Stadium Thoughts on Wardlow losing the TNT Title to Luchasaurus and his imminent AEW future Looking at the progress and lack thereof from recent NXT call-ups to WWE main roster Push across IWC portraying Roman Reigns as the victim repeatedly betrayed by others DT reveals the one mainstream WWE match he finds too disturbing and refuses to watch again Explaining why WWE should keep Raw on USA Network and SmackDown on FOX Outside of Roman Reigns and The Bloodline storyline, are there any true needle movers in wrestling? Despite Damian Priest being the odds-on favorite, DT explains why LA Knight should win MITB Growing Up Don Tony: Funny story when Don Tony owed The Masked Maniac several thousand dollars Addressing latest reports that Top Dolla 'may have heat' with WWE creative DT accepts the challenge and explains how WWE can drastically boost Hit Row, Karrion Kross and Scarlett on WWE TV DT explains why Jacob Fatu shoud not be added to The Bloodline storyline Plus: Appreciation for Ilja Dragunov.. CM Punk on AEW Dynamite.. Happy Father's Day message from Don Tony.. How the Young Bucks will respond to CM Punk's AEW Collision promo and much more! ====
Andy and Michael run down AEW Collision's debut episode, featuring the return of CM Punk, Wardlow vs. Luchasaurus, Miro, and more...ENJOY!Follow us on Twitter:@MichaelHamflett@AndyHMurray@WhatCultureWWE Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Matthew and Erin Grant run down the debut episode of AEW Collision featuring the return of CM Punk as he teams with the AEW World Tag Team Champions FTR against Bullet Club Golds Jay White and Juice Robinson alongside ROH TV Champion Samoa Joe. Also the TNT Championship is on the line as Wardlow defends against Luchasaurus, Miro and Andrade make their returns, a fantastic women's tag match with Skye Blue and Willow Nightingale against The Outcasts Toni Storm and Ruby Soho plus so much more.
The Pro Wrestling Boom Podcast with Jason Powell features ProWrestling.net Staffer Will Pruett returning to discuss the premiere edition of AEW Collision featuring CM Punk and FTR vs. Samoa Joe, Jay White, and Juice Robinson, Wardlow vs. Luchasaurus for the TNT Title, and more...This show is part of the Spreaker Prime Network, if you are interested in advertising on this podcast, contact us at https://www.spreaker.com/show/3275525/advertisement
CM Punk returned professional wrestling on the debut episode of AEW Collision, making his first appearance since his controversial exit following All Out. Host Adam Silverstein and co-host Chris Vannini open this special instant reaction episode by breaking down CM Punk's return promo and his main event match with FTR against Bullet Club and Samoa Joe. The guys also discuss the returns of Andrade El Idolo and Miro, how AEW should handle a roster split, whether the commentary team needs Jim Ross and Luchasaurus winning the TNT title off Wardlow. Follow Getting Over on Twitter @GettingOverCast.
AEW Collision 6/17/23 full show review, and results with JDfromNY. JDfromNY reviews AEW Collision for Saturday June 17th, 2023 on Off The Script. CM Punk FINALLY returns to an AEW ring inside the United Center in Chicago for the debut of AEW Collision. In the main event, CM Punk will team with his boys Dax Harwood, and Cash Wheeler (FTR) against Jay White, "Rock Hard" Juice Robinson, and Samoa Joe. Miro makes his return to AEW, as does Andrade El Idolo as he goes one on one with Buddy Matthews of the House Of Black. Wardlow defends the AEW TNT Title against Luchasaurus, and Toni Storm teams with Ruby Soho to take on Willow Nighingale and Skye Blue.
Denise Salcedo covers everything from the debut edition of AEW Collision on TNT including the return promo and match from CM Punk, plus the returns of stars like Andrade El Idolo & Miro. Also, a new TNT Champion is crowned in Luchasaurus.
Our review of AEW Dynamite as Simon Miller talks about Will Ospreay, Eddie Kingston returning, CM Punk, Adam Cole vs. MJF, Wardlow vs. Jake Hager, Toni Storm vs. Skye Blue, "Hangman" Adam Page and The Young Bucks vs. Blackpool Combat Club, Darby Allin, Orange Cassidy and Keith Lee vs. Mogul Embassy (Swerve Strickland and Gates of Agony) and much more...ENJOY!Follow us on Twitter:@SimonMiller316@WhatCultureWWEFor more awesome content, check out: whatculture.com/wwe Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
ONW - Ep 201 RIP - Iron Sheik New Women's Championships / Charlotte Flair returns Rhea - Womens World Champion Asuka - WWE Womens Champion (Undisputed on the belt) (Do they know what that means?) Unifying the womens tag belts Gunther hits 365 days as IC Champion Jey uso to heyman: If im in the Bloodline, you're out the bloodline More NXT Main Roster crossover / Hayes attacks Corbin on SD / Bron Brekker calls out Seth Rollins Corbin V Ilja Draganov Brock V Cody rumored to be in a bull rope match Are they actually setting up Rhea and Dom V Cody and Brandi? Mens MITB - Santos, LA Knight, Ricochet, Shinsuke, Butch, Damien Priest Rollins v Balor Women's MITB - Zelina Vega, Becky Lynch, Zoey Stark, Bayley, IO Sky, TBD What do they do with Logan Paul next? ideas Thoughts on the return of Ciampa Ko's Character lately has been hilarious/ almost breaking kayfabe WWE rights fees negotiations with fox, moving SD to FX? Jay goes to AEW Dynamite MJF V Adam Cole on Dynamite Punk + FTR v Samoa Joe and BC Gold Mark Brisco + Papa Brisco + Aubrey Edwards V Jeff Jarret, Jay Lethal and Karen Jarret BCC v The Hung Bucks Skye Blue defeats Britt Baker/Martinez/Nyla rose to challenge Toni Storm - Interesting choice Wardlow has gotten worse at promos somehow, Arn is the best though Wardlow V Jake Hager…again The Ethan page hardy stuff is actually kind of amusing lately. Babyface turn for Page Preston Vance's Gusher in his tag match PV + Dralistico V Jungle Hook Forbidden Door Okada v Danielson Omega v Osprey Rumors of a SANADA match - Possibly with Jericho or Hangman Will MJF have a FD match? Punk v Kenta? Does Mercedes Mone show up to set up a match at All In? Now that he's beaten Swerve, who is next for Orange Cassidy and who will end his International Title run? Rumors of Sean Waltman in AEW / What would you do with him? CM Punk + MJF Dog Collar figures Motor city Machine guns, alex shelly wins the impact word title, Chris Sabin wins X division title at Against All Odds Dirty Dangos latest gimmick / Vignette ROH Board of Directors, Stokely Hathaway & Jerry Lynn Storyline Samoa Joe will defend the ROH World Television Championship against Matt Sydal ROH World Six-Man Tag Team Championship: Mogul Embassy (Bishop Kaun, Toa Liona & Brian Cage) defend against AR Fox, Action Andretti & Darius Martin Thanks for listening. Watch us on Twitch. www.twitch.tv/onrslive Chat with us on Facebook. www.facebook.com/groups/ohnowrestling Support us on Patreon. www.patreon.com/ONRS
Adam and Michael review AEW Rampage and discuss...Skye Blue shocks the world!The Acclaimed give the people what they want!Wardlow lays down the gauntlet!The Lucha Bros & Bandido vs. Ethan Page, Big Bill & Lee Moriarty!Aubrey Edwards to wrestle?!ENJOY!Follow us on Twitter:@AdamWilbourn@MSidgwick@WhatCultureWWEFor more awesome content, check out: whatculture.com/wwe Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
ROH World Six-Man Tag Team Champion Toa Liona from The Mogul Embassy is living proof that dreams do come true with persistence and hard work! The former football player and power lifter explains how one encouraging word from his wife sparked the journey that led him to AEW. He discusses his friendship with Kaun, how they became part of The Embassy with Prince Nana and Brian Cage, and what led to their recent merger with Swerve Strickland to become the Mogul Embassy. Toa talks about his matches with Dalton Castle and The Boys, Wardlow, FTR, and Dustin Rhodes and Keith Lee, and what he's learned the Samoan wrestlers who came before him. He shares the inspirational story about his wrestling training, and the sacrifices his family made so he could pursue his dream. Plus, he's got tips on fitness and nutrition, and reveals his best bench, squat and deadlift.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
ONW - Ep 199 Big weekend in Wrestling. Reviews of NOC / DON / and even NXT Battle Ground NOC / WWE Is the Heavyweight championship a Mid card belt? Who is next for Seth Rollins? Gunther V Ali was a massive over delivery Where does Ali go after this? Right move to put the title on Asuka Thought the mist angle was awkward. Zoey Stark push Was Trish win the right move? MOTN - Rhea v Natalya Cody and Brock needed a stip to make sense Hell in the cell next? Wonderful entrance / intro promo from Sami, the beginning of the end of the bloodline Thought it was odd they highlighted Mustafa Alis Muslim heritage but glossed over Samis. But still, amazing moment for Sami. -Triple threat with Roman and the Usos? Does Solo go Solo or unite with the Usos? Can Roman be a threat alone? AEW / DON Pre show match was trash, tired of all of this storyline. Bad Jeff Hardy bump, fire him. -Gunns should join bullet club gold Fantastic battle royal to open the show. Loved the Finish. Give Big Bill a Push (he ruled) -What's next for Orange? Feud with Swerve? Could definitely see them putting the belt.on Swerve Sabu was kind of pointless, match was Meh, lame finish to cole and jericho Commentators pointed this out to, no one was sure what his role was. -there's something intriguing yet irritating about a pairing of Jericho and Saraya Wardlow and Christian over delivered, but i'm still not sold on wardlow, shouldn't have cut his hair Definitely a roller-coaster of a match, Wardlow saved the match at the end with the Swanton. Got the crowd into it. -What the hell was all the Arn stuff? Is this the end of the feud or more to go with Lucha Saurus? Should they make Luchasaurus and Wardlow a tag team? Arn with the blood all over his mouth was an interesting visual Hoping Jamie Hayter is ready to go for All In, but right call to put the belt back on Toni Storm Could definitely tell they were structuring the match around the hurt arm, but they still kept the believability up. But definitely the right move to set up the chase for Wembley. I love Jeff Jarret and was very entertained by the Tag Title match. -Guitar bump for aubrey Decent match with Jade and Taya. Had me thinking that Taya would win. Great to see Statlander return, hope she stays healthy Jade had a banger of an entrance. Reminded me a lot of Wrestlmania 9 when Yokozuna put up the title right after beating Brett Hart and lost it to HH. Doesn't feel like as big of a win.. Trios titles Acclaimed vs HoB. What was with the Acclaimed waving dealers choice. Missed an opportunity. Good line about Murphy and Dom. Billy Gunn yelling 'fuck you" while doing the famouser on Brody was hilarious. Fantastic 4 way wrestling match for the Championship, but MJF was never going to lose. Everyone had a special entrance except Jack Everyone did a spot where they hit their mentors finishers The MJF mic spot Perry debating a turn MJF did a Candido tribute spot "blond bombshell" top rope power bomb -Did they just babyface sammy? Im more interested in him than ive ever been after that match. The human Centipede Spot and the masterful way MJF won. Congrats to Tay and Sammy Anarchy in the Arena was fun, what was up with the lead singers mask? They need a redzone type gimmick to watch those matches properly. -How did they do the shoe pyro? -I hate thumbtacks in feet Kenny Omegas post match promo - 2 friends from new Japan NXT Battleground Wes Lee v Tyler Bate v Joe Gacy -Wes Lee is good, but Bate should have won. Bates old music was better I dig the Heritage cup rules and think they should go more with it. Noam Dar defeats Dragon Lee Gallus sucks but the Creed brothers need to get called up very soon. Should work with chad gable in some fashion or form, maybe even Kurt Angle Great last man Standing match. Dragunov is incredible. Crying selling Tiffany Stratton is money As is Carmelo Hayes. They are calling up Bron Breker soon ohnowrestling.com patreon.com/onrs twitch.tv/onrslive 407-906-6466 LEAVE US A VOICEMAIL!
The Pro Wrestling Boom Podcast with Jason Powell is a special live episode co-hosted by Jonny Fairplay of "Survivor" fame taking live calls coming out of AEW Double Or Nothing, WWE Night of Champions, and NXT Battleground. The next live edition will be on Monday, June 26 coming out of AEW and NJPW Forbidden Door...This show is part of the Spreaker Prime Network, if you are interested in advertising on this podcast, contact us at https://www.spreaker.com/show/3275525/advertisement
The future trios champs of Soto, B. Lee and Henry are back to breakdown a packed Sunday night of wrestling! We start with WWE NXT Battleground where Wes Lee retained the NA Championship in a banger to kickoff the show, Noam Dar kept his Heritage Cup with help from Mensah, Legend and Jackson from a rising star in Dragon Lee, Ilja and Dijak go to WAR on each other, Gallus and the Creed Brothers highlight the growing future of the tag team division, Tiffany and Lyra only one can be champ! and finally we Carmelo "HIM" Hayes vs Bron Breakker in a match that was another let down to many! We move to AEW DON pre-show in which the Hardy's and Hook took on The Gunn's and Ethan in which the Hardy's flipped the script and now own the contract of Ethan Page, Orange Cassidy retained the International Championship in a battle royale match with some great spots! Adam Cole won via ref stoppage in a Unsanctioned match?? FTR battled Double J and Lethal with tons of shenanigans, Wardlow channels his inner Jeff Hardy against Christian Cage, Toni Storm defies the odds against Jaime Hayter for the Women's Championship, HOB retains in dominant fashion against The Acclaimed and Daddy Ass with some funny insults before the match, Jade beats Taya to retain and go 60-0 and only to lose to a returning Kris Statlander to become 60-1 and lose her championship as well! MJF retains in a great match and homage to many wrestling greats over Jungle Boy Jack Perry, Darby Allin and Sammy Guevara. Shoutout to Sammy and Tay Melo for their pregnancy announcement! Finally BCC and The Elite battle it out in an entertaining match in which we see explosions, blood, pain and a expected but unexpected turn!
AEW Double or Nothing and NXT Battleground ran concurrently Sunday night and produced vastly different shows. Just minutes after they both ended, host Adam Silverstein and co-host Chris Vannini convene to break down the special events with results, analysis and grades in Getting Over's signature instant reaction episode. The guys dive into AEW Double or Nothing [2:07], including a surprise ending to Anarchy in the Arena featuring The Elite and Blackpool Combat Club, whether MJF retained his world title against the Four Pillars, Adam Cole and Chris Jericho disappointing, plus a shakeup to the women's division. "The Silver King" then tackles NXT Battleground [1:08:25] with Carmelo Hayes and Bron Breakker delivering, Tiffany Stratton becoming a star and Ilja Dragunov vs. DIJAK emerging as a match of the year contender. Plus, Adam and Chris provide a bonus instant reaction to the series finale of Succession [1:24:00]. Follow Getting Over on Twitter @GettingOverCast.
It's a jam-packed Pre-PV week here on Tunnel Talk! On the pod this week, your hosts start by discussing Collision, and general vibes heading into the PPV, and then run through the whole Double or Nothing card as far as we know it. First up: The Pillars and our thoughts vs the negative reviews the storyline is getting from wrestling men. Then Jamie Hayter vs Toni Storm, and Ethan Page and The Gunns vs The Hardy Party. The Elite and Blackpool Combat Club will face off in an Anarchy in the Arena match, and we cover Hangman's suggestive promo and fears about Kenny leaving. Next, unfortunately: FTR. Then, also unfortunately: Wardlow fighting Christian Cage. Then the Blackjack Battle Royale and our thoughts on OC and the belt. Plus much more!
AEW Double Or Nothing is live from the T-Mobile Arena in Las Vegas this Sunday, May 28th, and AEW CEO, GM and Head of Creative Tony Khan returns to break down the biggest matches on the hottest card in pro wrestling with Ref Aubrey and special guest co-host, Will Washington! The Four Pillars of AEW (current Champ MJF, Jungle Boy, Darby Allin, and Sammy Guevara) battle it out for the AEW Heavyweight Championship. Toni Storm challenges Jamie Hayter for the Women's World Championship; FTR defend the World Tag Team Championship against Jeff Jarrett and Jay Lethal with (a hopefully impartial) special guest referee Mark Briscoe; Chris Jericho and Adam Cole face-off in an unsanctioned match mediated by the great Sabu; and Orange Cassidy puts the AEW International Title on the line against 20 challengers in a stacked Blackjack Battle Royal. Plus, Taya Valkyrie challenges Jade Cargill for the TBS Championship, Wardlow takes on Christian Cage in a ladder match, and The reunited Elite go head-to-head with the Blackpool Combat Club in the second annual Anarchy In The Arena.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.