A large inlet from the ocean into the landmass
Darrell Castle talks about what he believes to be Robert Kennedy Jr.'s heroic struggle for what is left of liberty in America. ROBERT F. KENNEDY JR. AND THE STRUGGLE FOR LIBERTY Hello, this is Darrell Castle with today's Castle Report. This is Friday the 9th day of June in the year of our Lord 2023. I will be talking about what I believe to be Robert Kennedy Jr.'s heroic struggle for what is left of liberty in America. Sometimes it becomes necessary to resist those who seek your enslavement and who seek tyranny for your nation and right now Bobby Kennedy is doing a fine job of fighting back. Yes, I imagine it's lonely out there on the battle lines against those who want to keep Americans in the dark and deny access to virtually all truthful and reliable information. Time after time, throughout most of my life Americans have been brainwashed, indoctrinated, and deceived. Not many political candidates stand against that deception that all candidates pay lip service to. They say they will drain the swamp but in the end the swamp is still there only deeper and more impassible than ever. Kennedy, on the other hand knows full well the consequences of attempts to tell the truth to the American people. The truth is so vital, so important, that it is hard to imagine a free country without truth. We in America are denied the truth time and time again and therefore, we are not truly free. Sometimes we the people would just appreciate a real investigation to at least attempt to find the truth, but instead we get some type of sham investigation run by those beholden to one side or another. Time and again our representatives fail us and we fail ourselves by not insisting on a real investigation instead of the dog and pony show they offer us. These shams all contribute to the erosion of truth and they set precedents that stop us from even expecting the truth anymore. The lessons have been learned, but the powers that be continue their program of deception and we continue to align ourselves with one side or another despite evidence that both sides are in it together. Sometimes we ask why things always seem to get worse day by day and administration by administration. Wouldn't it be safe to assume that if there were no conspiracies to harm us one side or the other might eventually do the right thing by accident or by simple chance. No, that never happens and it is always, not just the wrong thing but the worst thing. Each administration does the thing that divides us the most and that is most destructive of our civilization, and most likely to kill, maim and destroy. I was 15 years old when President Kennedy was murdered and not much older when his brother Robert followed him in death. Martin Luther King, Malcolm X were all killed and we wonder what happened but we shouldn't wonder because the establishment tells us very quickly and we are supposed to accept their answers. No real investigation just move along folks, nothing to see hear. The Gulf of Tonkin incident, moving NATO to Russia's border, 9/11, weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and all the rest we are supposed to just process the lies and move along. Would it be fair to say that the people who lied to us constantly about those things, let alone the people who did them should no longer be in public office. In his campaign speeches, Kennedy doesn't attack individuals, at least not many and not yet. He may eventually be forced to do that, but right now he limits himself to discussions about policies. He opposes today's censorship rules which make certain topics off limits to discussion. Only one view is permitted and nothing else can even be talked about let alone investigated. He refers to himself as a free speech absolutist and that separates him from every other announced candidate that I am aware of. Can you imagine a political candidate telling the truth about his or her position on censorship and speech. No one says if elected I will support keeping you in the dark,
Stories Podcast - A Free Children's Story Podcast for Bedtime, Car Rides, and Kids of All Ages!
The Gulf state is slashing oil production in July and convinced OPEC+ to extend cuts to the end of 2024. In this Viewsroom podcast, Breakingviews columnists explain how these restrictions may still not be enough to convince investors to stop worrying about recession. Visit the Thomson Reuters Privacy Statement for information on our privacy and data protection practices. You may also visit megaphone.fm/adchoices to opt-out of targeted advertising. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
There have been offshore oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico for 85 years. After all those decades of drilling, there are now more than 14,000 old, unplugged wells out in the water, and they are at risk of springing dangerous leaks and spills. There are now more unplugged, non-producing wells than active wells in […]
*) Tens of thousands at flooding risk after Ukraine dam collapse About 42,000 people are at risk from flooding in Russian and Ukrainian controlled areas along the Dnipro River after a dam collapsed. Ukraine said Russia committed a deliberate war crime in blowing up the Soviet-era Nova Kakhovka dam, which powered a hydroelectric station. Meanwhile, the Kremlin blamed Ukraine, saying it was trying to distract from the launch of a major counteroffensive Moscow says is faltering. *) Blinken meets Mohammed Bin Salman in bid to restore strained Saudi-US ties Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken have met to discuss bilateral relations, Saudi state news agency (SPA) says. They also discussed "aspects of cooperation in various fields and developments in regional and international situations", the agency added. Blinken arrived in Saudi Arabia on Tuesday on a mission to steady Washington's relationship with Riyadh after years of deepening disagreements. *) Khartoum islanders 'under siege' as Sudan fighting rages Battles have continued to rage in Sudan's capital of Khartoum and residents of an island in the Nile reported being "under siege". A number of broken ceasefires offered brief lulls but no respite for residents who again reported "the sound of heavy artillery fire" in the city's north. Witnesses also said there were "clashes with various types of weapons" in south Khartoum, where "the sound of explosions shook our walls". *) Erdogan: We will build 'Century of Türkiye' together Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has held the first meeting of his new Cabinet in Ankara. Erdogan said Turkish democracy has become a point of reference for the world after record participation in both the May 14 and May 28 elections. He also vowed to embrace all 85 million Turkish citizens and to build the "Century of Türkiye" all together. *) 'A new tiger will roar': Saudi champions Al Ittihad sign Karim Benzema Ballon d'Or winner Karim Benzema has signed a three-year deal with Al Ittihad, the Jeddah-based club confirms. "Benzema is here. A new tiger will roar," the club wrote on Twitter. Benzema will join his former Real Madrid teammate Cristiano Ronaldo in the Gulf kingdom. The announcement comes days after Real Madrid said that the 35-year-old Benzema was leaving the club after 14 seasons.
The Uptime Wind Energy Podcast
Rosemary is back in action to discuss Suzlon's new 3MW machine and SGRE designing a 4MW turbine for the US. It's good to see new turbines and new orders! Scotland is concerned about floating turbines being dragged to Rotterdam for repairs, and discussions are underway for an offshore HVDC cable between Canada and the US. The Gode 1 wind turbine was amazingly back in service 24 hours after being hit by a cargo ship - Joel does a back of the envelope calculation. The new Lisheen III Wind Farm in Ireland is our Wind Farm of the Week! Visit Pardalote Consulting at https://www.pardaloteconsulting.comWind Power LAB - https://windpowerlab.comWeather Guard Lightning Tech - www.weatherguardwind.comIntelstor - https://www.intelstor.com Sign up now for Uptime Tech News, our weekly email update on all things wind technology. This episode is sponsored by Weather Guard Lightning Tech. Learn more about Weather Guard's StrikeTape Wind Turbine LPS retrofit. Follow the show on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Linkedin and visit Weather Guard on the web. And subscribe to Rosemary Barnes' YouTube channel here. Have a question we can answer on the show? Email us! 168 Allen Hall: We just got back from New Orleans and we spent a little time on the road after New Orleans. Just checking out the general area. I have never been to Mobile, Alabama. I haven't been to Pensacola in a long time. Boy, the Gulf of Mexico is a nice place to hang out. Uh, some parts of America are really cool. Yeah, Joel Saxum: you know, it, uh, my better half and I, Kayla, we always talk about traveling. Oh, let's travel here. Let's go to, we want to go, you know, south of Spain, we want to check this, we're gonna go to India, check this up. And like, man, the US is so big and it's so beautiful in all corners of it. Like you could spend a lifetime traveling around just these freaking 48 lower states even and not see it all. Allen Hall: Yeah, that was amazing. And, and we. Did enjoy New Orleans quite a bit. We had some really good food in, in fact, Joel, you're the one who took us to this really great restaurant. I don't know if we would've found it otherwise, but we had a, a great time there. Hopefully everybody else is recovering from ACP 2023. There's gonna be an offshore, uh, wind conference in London, and about a week from when this episode releases, that's gonna be a huge deal that that one's a, a, a big one. So these wind conferences are getting to be massive and. Just like this week's episode, this is a massive episode cause we have so much, uh, good news about wind. Denmark has a massive tender for offshore wind, like it's gonna put America to shame. This, this thing is huge. And, and Rosemary and Joel talk about the implications. Uh, In Denmark and the surrounding, uh, countries, and also what it means for America, uh, because there's a lot of activities is happening in Europe on offshore wind. Then Sulan down in India has a new three megawatt machine, and they are attracting orders right now, and it's, and they're. Turning a profit, their stock is up. Really good things happening in India with Sulan and Siemens. Ka Mesa has announced a new megawatt turbine for the US for some sort of US weather conditions, and we're not sure what that is. Joel talks about what possible wind situations exist in the US that don't exist elsewhere, but. Ira Bill is playing a lot into that Siemens S Sch Mesa decision. Yeah, absolutely. Joel Saxum: And as we are always talking about what's going on in the new, in the industry, we're gonna be visiting one of the, uh, oldest floating. Wind farms. There's a Scottish turbine up by Aberdeen that actually gets tow, is being towed to Rotterdam for some repairs. Um, which is kind of odd, but, we'll, we'll jump into that one. And then also, uh, Rosemary lends some, some, some really good insights to a proposed US Canadian transmission corridor. So the, there's a.
Yasmina, sometimes known as 'The English Rose of Cairo', has over twenty-five years of experience in the field of Egyptian oriental dance. Originally from the UK she spent many years travelling and dancing her way around the Middle East before settling in Cairo in 1995. Here she performed with her orchestra for eight consecutive years, appearing at major Cairo venues such as Meridien Heliopolis, Safir, Pyramisa and the Semiramis Intercontinental hotels, the Nile Maxime, Tivoli Heliopolis, as well as hundreds of weddings and parties in Cairo and around Egypt. She has also worked extensively as a photo-journalist in Cairo and writes regularly for several Egyptian and foreign publications. Based at her home beside the Giza pyramids she is the coordinator and co-host for several international belly dance tours each year, and provides back-up to both groups and individuals in their adventures in Egypt.In this episode you will learn about:- Differences between dance contracts in Gulf area and work in Cairo- Yasmina's decision to stop active performance career, but still be based in Egypt- The evolution of Cairo dance scene since 1995 till now- Where can you do belly dance photoshoots in Cairo- Yasmina's unique Bed & Breakfast accommodations for dancers.Show Notes to this episode:Find Yasmina of Cairo on Instagram, Facebook, and website. Classes and tours with Yasmina via bellydance-now.com. For details regarding Yasmina's Belly Dancers B&B email to firstname.lastname@example.org.Details and training materials for the BDE castings are available at www.JoinBDE.comFollow Iana on Instagram, FB, and Youtube . Check out her online classes and intensives at the Iana Dance Club.Find information on how you can support Ukraine and Ukrainian belly dancers HERE.Podcast: www.ianadance.com/podcast
Download our app: Apple Here Android Here We talk with Ralph from Mississippi Gulf Fishing Banks, Inc. ( MGFB ), which is a non-profit organization dedicated to developing and monitoring fishing reefs off the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Also big thanks to Southern Magnolia Smiles, Hilltree Marketing, Sea 2 Swamp, and Taylor and Cox Law Firm for the support! Want to be a part of the pelican gang? Check out our merch here.
Do you like stories about mysterious disappearances? Then check this one out. Mexico, 1997. A young fisherman is loading up his small boat with supplies. He's about to sail to his favorite little island. It usually takes him a couple hours to get there – it's a good ways off the coast. But today, something's not right. He keeps sailing. More hours pass. Then days. He can't find his familiar paradise! Bermeja Island was located off the north coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Gulf of Mexico. About the size of San Marino, it was well-known and had been on many maps since the 16th century. Search expeditions started not long after its disappearance, a notable one being in 2009. But here's the strange part: there are a lot of ghost islands all over the world! They appear on some maps and disappear on others... Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
It's not unusual in Louisiana to see an alligator in a marsh, swamp or bayou, but recent reports have noted gators walking across the road in Lake Charles, stuck in a backyard fence in Slidell, and even out taking a swim in the Gulf of Mexico. For more on why we might be seeing gators in usual places and how to stay safe, we speak with Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Biologist Program Manager, Jeb Linscombe, and Nuisance Alligator Control Operator, Kim Crochet. Late last month, the 2023 Regional Edward R. Murrow awards were announced, a prestigious recognition that honors excellence in broadcast journalism. Here at WRKF and WWNO, two of our reporters received awards: Rosemary Westood, who won for her continuing coverage of reproductive rights in the Gulf South; and Alana Schreiber, who won for excellence in innovation. They join us for more on their stories and what this recognition means. But first, content creator Joshua Darien started making videos on TikTok about Southern urban legends last summer. Since then, the Alabama native has amassed a loyal following. The Gulf States Newsroom's Taylor Washington reports on his new opportunities for telling these spooky stories. Today's episode of Louisiana Considered was hosted by Karen Henderson. Our managing producer is Alana Schreiber and our digital editor is Katelyn Umholtz. Our engineers are Garrett Pittman and Aubry Procell. You can listen to Louisiana Considered Monday through Friday at 12:00 and 7:30 pm. It's available on Spotify, Google Play, and wherever you get your podcasts. Louisiana Considered wants to hear from you! Please fill out our pitch line to let us know what kinds of story ideas you have for our show. And while you're at it, fill out our listener survey! We want to keep bringing you the kinds of conversations you'd like to listen to. Louisiana Considered is made possible with support from our listeners. Thank you!See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
EXOPOLITICS TODAY with Dr. Michael Salla
On May 26, 2023, JP completed a mission to a massive spaceport located under an unknown island in the South Atlantic Ocean. He was taken there by a flying triangle (TR-3B) spacecraft from a US Navy ship traveling in the Gulf of Mexico. To JP”s surprise, he was accompanied by a close relative whose first name is Alex. JP and Alex traveled down an elevator from the surface to the spaceport he said was significantly larger than the spaceport he witnessed during his last mission to an area in the Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee region. JP and Alex were involuntarily held overnight in a box before meeting with a 1200-year-old Nordic-looking member of an underground civilization. They were told about plans for the civilization to begin revealing itself more through its ships and bringing more surface dwellers down to its spaceport. JP was given a small crystal device through which he could see Earth's future which featured futuristic cities in a pristine environment but with no Moon. When JP phoned his relative after the mission, the relative had no memory of the mission. --- Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/exopolitics/support
Vietnam Veteran News with Mack Payne
Episode 2531 of the Vietnam Veteran News Podcast will feature a story about the secrets surrounding the Gulf of Tonkin incident. The featured story comes from the South China Morning Post and is titled: America does not do accidental war … Continue reading →
EPISODE DETAILS Fisherman or not, this time of year in June there really isn't a bad spot to toss a line. Pro Angler Johnnie Candle joins our crew. This is Rebecca Wanner aka BEC and Jeff 'Tigger' Erhardt with the outdoors radio show The Bend. We have Outdoors news, spotlight grizzly sightings in Yellowstone, tell about a Ghost Town, plus have your Travel and entertainment headlines. Be sure to tune into The Bend Show! SPOTLIGHT In case you needed some extra good news today, The Queen of the Tetons is still with us. The famous grizzly named 399 emerged from hibernation. She's the oldest known bear in the Yellowstone ecosystem, spanning 7 decades of records, to give birth at the age of 27. Queen of the Tetons, Grizzly 339 was photographed last month with a new cub at her side. AND This leads to a great reminder! MANY animals are now with or about to be with, their babies. From cubs to calves to fawns; never be “That Guy” approaching to try photographing wildlife. There's always a joke or meme at this time of year, “Don't Pet The Fluffy Cow” aka Buffalo or Bison. That holds true on anything from Moose, they are mean, to of course mountain lions to bears. Enjoy the view, Be in the Moment. Do not approach wild animals especially while with their young. NEWS Poor Driving Hereditary - NOW if you've got a family gathering in your near future? This may just be the topic that could “Stir the Pot” if you're looking to get the goat of some people, or just have fun with a little debate. A study from Scrap Car Comparison has revealed that bad driving might be hereditary. 1,000 drivers were surveyed and was discovered that 66% of these drivers who had tickets also had parents with poor driving records. 50% of the drivers with poor driving parents have received at least one ticket in the past 10 years. 55% of people say that they LEARNED speeding from their parents and 49% of drivers say they learned Road-Raging from their parents…. BEC dares you to bring up THIS TOPIC at your next family bbq! LOL Looking to relocate? How about buy your own town? A Texas ghost town is up for sale for $100,000. The town of Lobo, Texas is located 20 miles from the Mexico border and has been abandoned since 1991. If interested, we wish you the best - the town contains a gas station, a motel, a grocery store and several empty homes. To the north of Lobo is Guatelupe National Park; to the south is Big Bend National Park. North Carolina - is where one man calls home, and this man has not used Toilet paper in ten years. Robin Greenfield of Asheville, NC claims he has not used TP since 2013 and instead uses Blue Spur Flower leaves because they are eco-friendly and the same size as a square of toilet paper. Mr. Greenfield went on to explain that the average American spends over $11,000 on tp over the course of their life. The Blue Spur Flower leaves he claims have a natural, minty scent, and are easy to grow. I'm just going to believe him on that one… and still expect Tigger to pack the biodegradable toilet paper. JOHNNIE CAMPBELL, PRO ANGLER Meet 30-plus-year veteran pro angler, Johnnie Campbell, as the newest member of The Bend Field staff. Growing up fishing on his father's charter boat on the Great Lakes honing his skills on Lake Erie's central basin. By age 21, Campbell had obtained his Master of Great Lakes US Coast Guard Captain's License, beginning his lifelong journey to becoming a Pro Angler, a Fishing Guide, and Sport Fishing Communicator. Since 1993, Campbell has made a career out of fishing. He has guided trips from Trout and Salmon in the Lower Niagara River, to Walleye in the Dakotas, to guiding on the Gulf of Mexico. Johnnie Campbell's pro angler stats are phenomenal having taken to competing at the highest level on the USFA, NAWA, PWT, MWC and NWT tournament fishing trails. We are excited to have him aboard the ship here at The Bend Show. Hear his story on how his successful career came to be, and remains a passion to this day. Featuring: Johnnie Campbell; learn more at JohnnieCandle.com Facebook: @JohnnieCandleProfessionalAngler ENTERTAINMENT NEWS Trisha Yearwood is selling the Nashville home she bought over two decades ago for $4.5 million. If you were a fan of not just Trisha Yearwood as a singer, but also of her cooking style in the Kitchen, Trisha has filmed 11 seasons of her Food Network show, ''Tricia's Southern Kitchen'', at the house. The home has five bedrooms, three fireplaces, an elevator, and a pool. New country star Parker McCollum says hunting with his wife can be a challenge. He explained in a recent interview that his wife loves wearing lots of fragrances. So while he's sitting in the stand bathed in scent killer, his wife, Parker McCollum jokes is smelling like a field of flowers. The country star did so though that he loves being with her in the field, even if she can make hunting a challenge. TRAVEL & PLANNING Butchering Dates for this fall's wild game or your own raised beef, pork, etc. Consider calling now to get your name on the list or schedule. Some butchering processor facilities only process wild game at certain times and the dates fill up quickly. Remember you can typically always cancel. State Park Passes: Thinking a Staycation this year? If you are thinking of this year sticking closer to home possibly and exploring your state's many beautiful parks. This is a reminder to be purchasing those passes now. Depending on your state you may qualify for discounts regarding age, and current or past military experience, and some states even have promotions right now for a buy one pass get a second pass half off. Regardless, order state park passes now incase you qualify for promotions and special identification is needed. We want everyone ready to road trip in their own "backyard", meaning your state, this summer. FIELD REPORTS & COMMENTS Call or Text your questions, comments to 305-900-BEND or 305-900-2363 Or email BendRadioShow@gmail.com FOLLOW Facebook/Instagram: @thebendshow SUBSCRIBE to The Bend YouTube Channel. Website: TheBendShow.com #catchBECifyoucan #tiggerandbec #outdoors #travel The Outdoors, Rural America And Conservation are Center-Stage. AND how is that? Because Tigger & BEC… Live This Lifestyle. Learn more about Jeff ‘Tigger' Erhardt & Rebecca Wanner aka BEC here: TiggerandBEC.com WESTERN LIFESTYLE & THE OUTDOORS Tigger & BEC represent the Working Ranch world, Rodeo, and the Western Way of Life as well as advocate for the Outdoors and Wildlife Conservation. Outdoorsmen themselves, this duo strives to provide the hunter, adventurer, cowboy, cowgirl, rancher and/or successful farmer with the knowledge, education, and tools needed to bring high-quality beef to your table for dinner. The understanding of the importance in sharing meals with family, cooking harvested wild game and fish from your adventures, and learning to understand the importance of making memories in the outdoors. Appreciate God's Country. United together, this duo offers a glimpse into and speaks about what life truly is like at the end of dirt roads. Tigger & BEC look forward to hearing from you, answering your questions and sharing in the journey of making your life a success story.
As offshore fishermen, we all have that fear of the unthinkable. Being stranded offshore, in the water, with no hope of being rescued. Our guest this week lived that nightmare and survived to tell his story. His story is worth being told and shared and after years of keeping it in, he decided to write and publish a book with the accounts of that horrific morning in the Gulf of Mexico. Capt. Johnny Savage shares with us some of the details of his near death experience and how he had a much higher power looking over him as he drifted out to sea. We think that you will defintely want to get a copy of Lost In The Stream. We are so excited to have the opportunity to help Johnny share his story and hope you will share it with your friends and family. Johnny enjoys speaking with our military heroes and church groups about his story and we are going to try to get him here in the Grand Strand area sometime this year to speak. you can visit www.lostinthestreambook.com A group that has become very close to Johnny and does a lot for our heroes is www.valhallasmissionforce.com You can visit the sight to find out more also on how to contribute to this group as well. Thank you to Johnny for taking the time to share his story and we pray that all of you are safe on the water as the busy boating season approaches.
Recent years have seen increasing fear in some Gulf of Guinea countries, notably Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire, that jihadists who have overrun much of the Sahel move south. Militants already operate in forested areas along the Benin-Burkina Faso border, and northern Benin and Togo have both seen an uptick in jihadist attacks. This week on Hold Your Fire!, Richard is joined by Crisis Group's Africa Deputy Director Pauline Bax and Sahel Senior Analyst Ibrahim Yahaya Ibrahim to discuss what's behind militants' southward march. They first look at how jihadists captured swaths of Burkina Faso, which borders several Gulf of Guinea countries and could serve as a gateway to coastal West Africa. They ask whether coastal governments should see the presence of militants in their north as spillover from the Sahel or a problem rooted in the local politics of often-neglected regions. They talk about how militants are recruiting and raising money. They also look at the policies of the different governments involved, coordination among them and the involvement of Western capitals and Russia, among outside powers. They look at how coastal countries in West Africa differ from their Sahelian neighbours and what they can learn from mistakes in the Sahel. For more analysis of the topics discussed in this episode, be sure to check out our Sahel and West Africa regional pages. Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
On tonight's program: Florida's restrictive new immigration statutes are causing distress, even among some immigrants with full legal status; A push to enshrine abortion rights in Florida's constitution is underway. But even supporters admit it won't be easy; Florida's first openly gay state senator says this year's Pride Month observance is particularly important; Some members of the LGBTQ+ community are taking self-defense courses in the wake of state laws they fear will make them even more of a target for violence; Florida A&M University is waging a legal battle against what it says is unfair treatment by the State of Florida; The good news, forecasters say there may be fewer hurricanes this year than the recent past. The bad news, it may not matter if even one big storm hits Florida; As another hurricane season gets underway, one part of Florida is still recovering from last year. And residents there are growing weary; And two sea animals rescued after being affected by red tide off Florida's west coast are now back in the Gulf.
The Gulf cartel is scrambling to deal with the fallout from the abudction and murder of American Citizens and to do that they have not only written a letter detailing how the abduction was not a sanctioned move, but turning over the five people that they say are responsible.Authorities in Mexico and America continue to investigate the incident to try to determine what happened and who, ultimately, is responsible.(commercial at 12:34)to contact me:email@example.com:Gulf cartel: Letter claims cartel handed over men who killed Americans | International | EL PAÍS English Edition (elpais.com)This show is part of the Spreaker Prime Network, if you are interested in advertising on this podcast, contact us at https://www.spreaker.com/show/5080327/advertisement
Tomato Breeding Project Fueled By Over 1,000 Backyard Gardeners In 2005, gardeners Craig LeHouiller and Patrina Nuske-Small created the Dwarf Tomato Project. They wanted to preserve the flavor and beauty of heirloom tomatoes, without taking up too much space. They started crossbreeding heirloom tomatoes with smaller dwarf tomato plants. To do so, they enlisted volunteers from all over the world. Over 1,000 people have participated so far. You can even buy the seeds and plant them in your own garden! Ira talks with the project's co-founder, gardener and author, Craig LeHoullier, based in Hendersonville, North Carolina. Southwestern States Break The Dam On Water Stalemate Southwestern states have been aware for decades that their use of Colorado River water is not sustainable. Forty million people depend on the watershed across seven states, several tribes, and northern Mexico. After intense pressure from the federal government, Arizona, California, and Nevada presented a plan last month to cut water use in these states. While the proposal isn't final, it's an important step in a long stalemate among southwestern states hesitant to use less water. The three states propose cutting 3 million acre-feet in water use through 2026—about ten percent of their total water allocation. The federal government plans to spend $1.2 billion to pay water users for the cuts. Joining Ira to break down what this plan means for southwest states is Dr. Sharon Megdal, director of the University of Arizona's Water Resources Research Center in Tucson, and Luke Runyon, managing editor and reporter for KUNC, in Grand Junction, Colorado. Tracking The Saguaro Cacti Decline One of the most iconic symbols of the American Southwest is the saguaro cactus—the big, towering cactus with branching arms. Saguaro are the most studied variety of cactus, yet there's still much we don't know about them. Once a decade, researchers from the University of Arizona survey plots of roughly 4,500 saguaro to assess the health of the species. This past year there was a record low number of new cacti growing—the fewest since they started decadal surveys in 1964. What's driving this decline? Ira talks about the state of saguaro cacti with Peter Breslin, postdoctoral researcher at the University of Arizona's Desert Laboratory on Tumamoc Hill, based in Tucson, Arizona. These Conservation Scientists Are Keeping The Sonoran Desert Diverse Many Americans might be surprised just how expansive and diverse the Sonoran Desert actually is. The 100,000 square-mile desert stretches across the border between the U.S. and Mexico, with the northernmost regions in southern California and Arizona making up just one third of the desert. The sweeping terrain is home to thousands of plant and animal species and contains every existing biome in the world—from timber tundras to rolling grasslands to arid desert basins. The majority of the Sonoran is within the Baja California peninsula and the Mexican state of Sonora, which includes the Gulf of California. The gulf alone is teeming with life—famed ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau once called the desert, “the world's aquarium.” Ira talks about the rich biodiversity of the Sonoran Desert and the importance of scientific collaboration across the border with Ben Wilder, director and co-founder of Next Generation Sonoran Desert Researchers, and Michelle María Early Capistrán, a conservation fellow at Stanford University and board member of the Next Generation of Sonoran Desert Researchers. To stay updated on all-things-science, sign up for Science Friday's newsletters. Transcripts for each segment will be available the week after the show airs on sciencefriday.com.
Alabama Saltwater Fishing Report
The Alabama Saltwater Fishing Report is your best resource for the Gulf Shores Surf Fishing Report, Orange Beach Fishing Report, Dauphin Island Fishing Report, Mobile Bay Fishing Report, and Alabama saltwater fishing everywhere in between. For our guys looking for the Dauphin Island inshore fishing report or the Orange Beach Inshore Fishing Report, Capt. Richard Rutland has what you need to know to catch more speckled trout, redfish, and tripletail and how to catch each of these species in the area. The tactics and tips we discuss here each week can be applied to many areas when fishing Alabama's coast and other states along the Gulf of Mexico. Summer time is here, the weather and the fishing is heating up. Capt. Richard has been having success with Speckled Trout pretty much everywhere. We talk salinity, what to avoid tight now and what to hone in on going in to the weekend and the full moon. Tripletail are showing up in nice numbers and this is shaping up to be another awesome year for flounder in the Mobile Bay and the Mississippi Sound! For the Alabama Fishing Report offshore and the Gulf fishing report, tune in for this week's report with Chris Vecsey. You never know what you might get in the offshore Gulf Fishing report each week. We cover nearshore fishing from Captain's running center consoles and fishing for red snapper, grouper, triggerfish, king mackerel, cobia, and more. When we head to blue water, we have contributions from some of the best Captain's on the tournament circuit and off who fish for tuna, wahoo, mahi-mahi, and billfish. Chris has an awesome offshore report about how they had recent success with daytime swordfishing, they caught and released a sailfish and the Mahi Mahi were plentiful as well. Do not miss this offshore report if you want to learn how to catch more pelagics. We talk about how to dial in your electronics and what to look for on your bottom machine when targeting these species. It's all brought to you whether it's good, bad, or ugly. Please subscribe, rate, and review wherever you listen to podcasts and if you'd like us to email you the podcast, just head over to greatdaysoutdoors.com/asfr and we'll send you the new show each week. Keep Whackin em'! Sponsors CCA Alabama Alabama Marine Resources Angelo Depaola EXP Realty "The Coastal Connection" Alabama Deep Sea Fishing Rodeo KillerDock Fishbites Gulf Coast Office - National Land Realty Hilton's Offshore Charts Pure Flats- The Slick Lure Gulf Shores and Orange Beach Tourism Great Days Outdoors Foster Contracting - Fortified Roofing Mallard Bay Return Em Right AFTCO Mustad Fishing Texas Hunter Products Bucks Island Fishing Chaos Hiltons Realtime Navigator L&M Marine Dixie Supply and Baker Metal Works MB Ranch King/ Bruser Farms
In this episode, Emily Morris of startup Emrgy discusses the promise of small-scale hydropower and the opportunities it could provide for both power infrastructure and water management.(PDF transcript)(Active transcript)Text transcript:David RobertsHello Volts listeners! I thought I would start this episode with what I suppose is a disclaimer of sorts. I suspect most of you already understand what I'm about to say, but I think it's worthwhile being clear.Every so often on this show, like today, I interview a representative from a particular company, often a startup operating in a dynamic, emerging market. It should go without saying that my choice of an interviewee does not amount to an endorsement of their company, a prediction of its future success, or, God forbid, investment advice. If you are coming to me for investment advice, you have serious problems. I make no predictions, provide no warranties.The fact is, in dynamic emerging markets, failure is the norm, not the exception. My entire career is littered with the corpses of startups that I thought had clever, promising products — many of whom I interviewed and enthused about! Business is hard. In most of these markets, a few big winners will emerge, but it will take time, and in the process most promising startups will die. Such is the creative destruction of capitalism. I'm not dumb enough to try to predict any of it.More broadly, I am not a business reporter. I do not have much interest in funding rounds, the new VP, or the latest earnings report. (Please, PR people, quit pitching me business stories.) I do not know or particularly care exactly which companies will end up on top. I am interested in clever ideas and innovations and the smart, driven individuals trying to drag them into the real world. I am interested in people trying to solve problems, not business as such.Anyway, enough about that.Today I bring you one of those clever ideas, in the form of a company called Emrgy, which plops small hydropower generators down into canals.Now I can hear you saying, Dave, plopping generators into canals does not seem all that clever or exciting, but there's a lot more to the idea than appears at first blush. For one thing, there are lots more canals than you probably think there are, and they are a lot closer to electrical loads than you think.So I'm geeked to talk to Emily Morris, founder and CEO of Emrgy, about the promise of small-scale hydropower, the economics of distributed energy, the ways that small-scale hydro can replicate the modularity and scalability of solar PV, and ways that smart power infrastructure can help enable smarter water management.Alright, then, with no further ado, Emily Morris of Emrgy. Welcome to Volts. Thank you so much for coming.Emily MorrisThank you for having me. It's exciting to be here.David RobertsYou know, I did a pod a couple of weeks ago about hydro and sort of the state of hydro in the world these days. And one of the things we sort of touched on briefly in that pod is kind of small-scale, distributed hydro, but we didn't have time to really get into it. And I'm really fascinated by that subject in general. So it was fortuitous a mere week or two later to sort of run across you and your company and what you're doing. Your sort of model answers a lot of the questions I had about small-scale hydro.Some of the problems I saw in small-scale hydro, just because it just seems to me so at once small, but also kind of bespoke and fiddly. And your model sort of squarely gets at that. So anyway, all of which is just to say I'm excited to talk to you about a model of small-scale hydro that makes sense to me and some of the ins and outs of it.Emily MorrisYeah, absolutely. And I'm thrilled to be here. I'm thrilled to tell you more about our model. And I love that you called small-scale hydro bespoke because I was talking with one of the larger IOUs a few weeks back and they referred to hydro as artisanal energy. And I got such a kick out of that because it is in so many ways, hydro can often be a homeowner's pet project that has a ranch or something like that. And bringing hydro into a world in which solar panels are taking over distributed generation and utility scale, and doing it in such a standardized, modular, repeatable format, bringing that architecture into water, is something that hasn't yet really been done successfully. And what we're trying to do here at Emrgy.David Robertsit is kind of like a lot of this echoes solar. It's sort of an attempt to sort of replicate a lot of what's going on with solar. But we're getting ahead of ourselves. Let's start the business model is, to put it as simply as possible, is you make generators and you plop them down into canals. So let's start then with canals, because I suspect I am not alone in saying that I've gone almost all my life without thinking twice about canals. I know almost nothing about them. Like, what are they? Where are they? How many are there?This water infrastructure kind of surrounds us is almost invisible. So just talk about canals a little bit. What are they used for and where are they and how many are there? What's the sort of potential out there?Emily MorrisYes, canals are almost invisible, but my goal is that after this podcast, you'll never look at a canal the same way you'll look at it, as a source of energy. That, man, we should be tapping that energy and using it. Canals are our main target market. They're really our only target market right now. We get asked all the time, well, couldn't you do this in a river? And couldn't you do this in tides? And the answer is yes. If you're focused on the engineering but as a commercial founder at Emrgy, I'm focused on the market and where can we install projects today that can be immediately delivering economic benefit and environmental benefit.And so canals are that market. A canal is an open channel of water conveyance that's moving water from one place to another for a specific purpose. That purpose might be because it's raw water that's being delivered into the city to be treated for drinking water. It could be that it's an agricultural channel taking water from a river out to farmland. It could be an industrial flow of water that's coming from a large brewery or a large factory and delivering that into either a river or another piece of water conveyance. But canals are seemingly invisible. I'll be honest, when I started Emrgy, I thought that the technology would first thrive in a water treatment environment.There's 30,000 water treatment plants in the US. And many tens of thousands all around the world. And that water is running 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365. And man, the ability to take something modular that looks and feels like solar in terms of its ability to seamlessly integrate into the surrounding infrastructure, but deliver power in a baseload format was something that immediately, I thought, water treatment. Yet when I was really early in my entrepreneurial journey, we did our first pilot at the city of atlanta's largest water treatment plant. And I went out to Los Angeles and gave a white paper on it at LADWP.And when I was there, the city of Denver had two representatives there. And they came up to me after my presentation, and they said, we think you're thinking about this all wrong. You got to come to denver and see what we've got in terms of water infrastructure. And when I went out to Denver that next couple of weeks, I spent three days touring probably 500 or 600 miles all around the Denver metro area of canals that are transporting water. You may not know that the water you drink in denver actually comes from the other side of the continental divide, and they bring it into the city of denver through a series of canals and storage reservoirs that allow for the appropriate amount of treated and stored water for the city.And so when I was there, I thought about, okay, as a business model, being able to deliver one to ten of these modules at 30,000 water treatment plants sounds like I need a big sales force. And then looking at the Denver infrastructure and seeing hundreds of miles of uniform canal that's transporting water where thousands or tens of thousands of these generators could be deployed with one partner just made a ton of sense. And so then I started peeling back the curtain on that.David RobertsYou say one partner. So are most of these two of the sort of features of canals? That came as somewhat of a surprise to me, and I'm sure you're familiar with this response is, first, when I thought of canals, the first thing I thought of was agriculture. I assumed they were mostly out in farmland. But what you have discovered is that they are laced throughout urban infrastructure, they are in cities.Emily MorrisOh, absolutely. It's both. It's certainly both. Our project we have a project with the city of Denver that overlooks the Denver skyline right there near the city. And if you overlay a map of Phoenix roadways with map of Phoenix waterways, you can see two highly sophisticated transport systems all throughout the metropolitan area. Not just Phoenix, think of Houston 22 canals and bayou's flow all throughout the urban metro area that are both a source of water or even an attraction for the city, but also have an inherent energy, sometimes too much energy during hurricane season and whatnot to be able to harvest and hopefully deliver value from as well.David RobertsYeah, and so the other feature is they're not privately owned for the most part. Most of these canals are operated by a city municipal water district.Is that sort of the standard?Emily MorrisYeah, that's correct. Typically there is an organization that manages the water infrastructure, the canal infrastructure. It is often public. It can be a political subdivision, like a municipality or a local not for profit organization or co-op. It also can be a private canal company, although those typically remain nonprofits. They're typically a public service for the good of the recipients of the water.David RobertsBut the point is, you are not having to track down a bunch of individual owners of individual canals. You can get at a bunch of canals through one partner.Emily MorrisThat's absolutely the case. And it's all public record the managers of water infrastructure and their contact information. You're not going and knocking on someone's home asking if you can put something in the backyard or something like that. This is an operated and often, from their contractual perspective, they're typically buying water from an entity and selling water to a series of entities, buying water from the US Government and selling it to farmers, something like that. And so the reporting aspects about that water that flows through, they tend to be detailed. They tend to be long running. And so as you think about developing a resource assessment of how much energy is inherent in that water that you can produce electricity from, it's not necessarily like needing to go build a MET station and understand exactly what resources there.They're typically well organized, well operated, and well documented.David RobertsA well characterized resource.Emily MorrisAbsolutely.David RobertsOkay, so you go to these canals. You make a deal with the owners of these canals, and then you go plop down energy generators into the canals. Let's talk about the generators, try to give the listeners kind of a sense of how big one of these things is and kind of what it looks like. What are you plopping down into the canal?Emily MorrisIn terms of physical size. Our generators are an eight foot cube, and they have their own precast concrete structure that holds them together. So you can think of sort of half of a precast concrete culvert, if you are familiar with the construction world, that is an eight foot cube. We do that strategically, they are easy to lift and handle.They're easy to transport by trucking or other means. You can even containerize them if you need to. And we place those into the channels without doing any construction, any modification, any impounding of the channels, which is a really important part of the canals, because, as I mentioned before, that water is going to a destination for a purpose. And so going in and saying, yeah, we're just going to build a dam right here in the middle of your canal doesn't seem to resonate so well. And so being able to bring something in that's fully self supported can be placed into the channel and held there by its own weight.And it only weighs about seven tons, so it's not a super heavy lift, but it's hydrostatically, designed to not shift or slide or overturn once the water hits it. And inside of that culvert or the concrete structure, there is a vertical axis turbine that looks probably very similar to vertical axis wind turbines that many of the listeners will be familiar with. And so they take advantage of the kinetic energy in the flow using the swept area of the turbine and the speed of the water, and generate torque and speed around the shaft up to the power takeoff and the generator. And so physically, they're eight foot cubes.But from a power perspective, our smallest turbine that we sell is a 5 kilowatt turbine. And it's the same physical footprint that the 8 by 8 cube, but it can generate mechanically and electrically up to 25 kilowatts per turbine based on the depth and the speed of the water.David RobertsI was going to ask whether the sizes vary. So the generator, the eight foot cube is standard. All the generators come in these eight foot cubes, but the generators themselves vary in size based on the water flow.Emily MorrisYeah, that's exactly right. We do have a deeper water platform that goes up to about 18ft of water, and then we're working on an even deeper platform in conjunction with the DOE. But right now, our main platform is the eight foot cube. And the beauty of water is that the power is exponential by the speed of the water. And so we can place a turbine in and it can generate 5 kilowatts at say a shallower, slower speed. Or that very same equipment can put out five times the power output if placed in a different location. And so as we think about coming down the cost curve, growing to scale, we can immediately find higher density resources that make sense today, even as a young company that hasn't quite gotten fully to the quantities that other adjacent industries like solar and wind have.David RobertsRight. So I have a bunch of questions about that. But just this question about size brings up the question about canal size. If you have a standard sized module, I'm assuming that canals themselves are relatively standardized in size. With this eight foot cube, can you confidently say, we can go to more or less any canal and it'll work? Or do canals also vary?Emily MorrisCanals vary, but not substantially. There are standard sizes, and our eight foot cube does cover a wide envelope of canals in the US. And abroad. We do see, though, that this is the array planning and array specification, which is how we deploy these. We never deploy them as single turbines, but really as arrays, just like solar and wind, that with the arrays. It's a very similar planning method to solar is you look at your total square footage across the canal, you look at the gradient of fall along the canal, and you plan out the optimized number of turbine modules that make sense for that canal.So sometimes if you have a canal that's 18 feet wide, rather than build two 9 foot cubes, all of a sudden, you do two 8 foot cubes, right. And you standardize and you optimize for cost even if you're not squeezing every single ounce of power out of that flow. And I think that's one big thing that differentiates energy and distributed hydro from traditional sort of small-scale hydro is we're optimizing for cost and scale rather than for utmost efficiency, which is typically where hydro really focuses.David RobertsRight. And Volts listeners are very well educated on the fact that the modularity, the small-scale and modularity of solar panels are a huge piece of why they have proven so adaptable and grown so fast. Like the advantages you get from standardization and modularity vastly outweigh whatever sort of marginal gains you could get on either side in a particular canal.Emily MorrisAbsolutely. We're big believers in that, our smallest module is an order of magnitude larger than a solar module. But you should think of it absolutely in that same way. We do have people, especially the folks that are really focused in hydro, they say to us, "Oh, your modules are so small, 5 kilowatts or 25 kilowatts, that's so small." And I say to them, "No one ever goes to the solar field and say, 'Hey, your panels are so small.'" It's a totally different mindset that you have to be thinking of the module as the panel, as the individual generator that ultimately goes into the array. And yes, our arrays will likely continue to be on the distribution scale rather than on the utility scale or the large transmission scale. But no question the aggregation of modules is how power grows, this generation of renewables.David RobertsWell, let's try to get a sense of just how big they are power wise. So, 5 kilowatts to 25 kilowatts, what's a typical array, and then what's the output of a typical array, and then maybe just to help the listeners kind of get their head around it, how does that sort of compare to an array of solar panels? Like, if I'm the owner of a canal or a network of canals, and I'm trying to decide, do I want to put a bunch of these in there or do I want to say cover the canals with solar panels? What's the scale comparison there?Emily MorrisWell, if you're asking me which one you should do, I would absolutely say both. The answer is both. One does not preclude the other, because this is a great real estate segment to be able to convert to renewables of all types. But when you think about our systems at 25 module, let's say that's 40 turbines to be a megawatt. And some canals are on the smaller side that we look at maybe enough for two or three modules across, some of them maybe ten modules across, just depending on the width of the canal. And so you could place 40 modules as close as, say, half a mile away across those four rows of ten, or it could be spread a much longer distance, it could be a mile or 2 miles for that.And really we're optimizing for spacing. Obviously, you don't want to run cable to the point of interconnect any further than you have to. We're optimizing for hydraulics. You want the energy to recover after being taken out by our turbines as it flows downhill. And then ultimately, we want to co-locate these with the offtake and whether that's directly into the grid or behind the meter with a particular industrial or municipal client. Those are typically how we think about this. But when you think about covering a canal in solar panels, I don't have the specific statistics on how many linear feet equates to a megawatt or things like that, necessarily, but you're going to see, most importantly, that you need three times the power output or potentially more to overcome the differences in capacity factors. So with our system, they're typically operating 24 hours a day.David RobertsSo in these canals that water flows through, water is constantly going through there 24 hours a day. I would think some of it at least would be sort of like scheduled or go in one direction and then another direction. Are they all steady 24 hours flows?Emily MorrisNot everything is consistent, of course, but I would say that in the water space, the capacity factor is determined by seasonality and or maintenance schedules, but less by intermittency. It's actually pretty bad for a canal to be turned on, turned off, turned on, turned off, because you end up having other maintenance challenges, things that break issues in the canal.David RobertsSo they want to run them?Emily MorrisThey want to run them continuously. Yes. And so depending on what the water is being used for, whether it's a certain area of cropland and therefore there's a seasonality to the flow that's fairly common, or if it's municipal, it may be a year round flow. Or depending on your region in the arid Southwest, you'll see perennial flows a lot more frequently than you will, let's say in Montana or Idaho, where there's obviously quite harsh winters.And so in our case, we target canals that can be the most predictable in their flow and the most continuous. Yet if you have a site that is only running six months out of the year, getting to that 40% to 50% capacity factor because let's say it runs constantly through that six months of the year can still lead to an incredibly exciting impactful project overall with good returns, even though it's not on every day. Right? It's a different mindset.David RobertsRight.Emily MorrisI have definitely had water districts say. "Well, what do I do in November, December, January if we're not flowing water?" And I said, "You may not think about it, but every night when you go to sleep, your solar panels also aren't working." It's just a different mindset of something not working every day for 90 days rather than not producing every night. And so doing that educational piece to where projects in terms of their output and their economic value can be highly competitive even at the shorter seasons with canals.David RobertsRight. So the basic point here is that while these generators may not crank out as much power as a solar panel while they're generating, they are generating much more often. They're generating around the clock. And so you have to have kind of three times the power output from a solar panel to end up matching the total power output.Emily MorrisThat's right.David RobertsThey have the advantage of being base-loady, basically.Emily MorrisExactly. That's typically what we see is that for canals that are running the majority of the time, you'll ultimately need if you want the equivalent amount of annual energy, you'll need a power capacity on your solar that would be about three times larger than what you would need on the hydro side.David RobertsInteresting. Okay, so you go to a water district, you say, "Hey, we want to generate some power from your canals." You do an analysis of the sort of optimal kind of spacing and placing and then what, a truck comes in or a crane comes in and just sort of like drops these things one by one in the canal. It sounds like installation would be pretty straightforward and pretty low footprint, is that true?Emily MorrisThat's absolutely true. It sounds too simple to say in some ways, but yet simply lifting the turbines and placing them into the channel, making sure that they're level, making sure they're not sitting on top of debris, or boulders or something like that, that may have fallen in the canal is important. But placing them in the canal correctly is the most important aspect of the installation. That's unique to Emrgy.David RobertsSo they're not connected in any way it's just the weight of the thing holding it in place. It's not literally not connected to anything. There's no screwing or attaching or bracketing.Emily MorrisThat's correct. There is nothing that is physically attaching it to the canal.David RobertsSo easy to take out.Emily MorrisOwners love this. Yes. Because they can take it out if they needed to ...David RobertsOr move itEmily Morris... often. Because these are operated channels they often will, once every five years or on some periodic schedule, drive up and down the canal or drive a bulldozer down and make sure that all the debris is out or something like that. So they love the flexibility. We tend to see that canal owners like the flexibility of being able to take them out. Now onshore each turbine, or each cross section, I should say, has a power conversion system that has both the control system as well as the power conditioning. And that is something we deliver as well. And it sits on a concrete pad on the side of the channel. But then as you connect those together electrically and then connect them to the grid, there's no innovation from Emrgy there. It's just optimization based on the appropriate electrical balance of system design.And so as we think about partnerships with other types of developers, other renewable developers, there isn't a special skill set that installers would need to have to be able to install our system. The balance of system is essentially exactly the same as distributed solar. And all you would need to do is be able to place the turbines in the canals correctly.David RobertsInteresting. Yeah, I like simple and dumb. That's resilient and that's what can spread fast.Emily MorrisAnd maybe I'll just mention that when I first started this business, I thought it was too simple. I assumed that somebody had already done this before, that it seemed pretty obvious. And as I looked deeper into it, I learned really the two things that I believe have held this space back that now are no longer barriers. One of them is regulatory. And that gets a little bit back to why we focus on canals in general, is that up until 2015, I believe it was all water in the US was permitted for power in the same way. So to place our system in a canal would have been permitted and regulated the same way it would in a river. And in 2015, FERC enacted the qualifying conduit exemption which stated that electric projects within water conduits or conveyance systems were exempt from FERC licensing up to 40 megawatts per project.David RobertsInteresting.Emily MorrisAnd so now our projects are fully exempt from FERC licensing. And it's a 30-day notice of intent to FERC requesting that exemption, which is lightning fast compared to other projects.David RobertsYes. So you're not dealing with permitting issues, NIMBY issues, all the sort of like land issues, all the stuff that's bedevilling wind and solar right now you're sort of doing an end run around that stuff.Emily MorrisWe'd like to think so. I mean, projects are always controversial to some extent, and every neighbor may have an idea of what they'd like to see in the canals. But in terms of general regulatory approvals and project buy in, we tend to see this being much lower barriers than many of the other types of land based systems. The other thing that was a major barrier that has since been lifted is the growing ability to use solar designed or solar inspired smart inverters for technologies and generators other than solar.David RobertsLet's talk about that first. Maybe, I don't want to assume first, maybe just tell listeners what does an inverter do and what does it mean for it to be smart? And maybe tell us about how those were developed in solar.Emily MorrisSure. So the generation of the power from the water or from the sun typically has been done over many decades and even centuries in terms of hydro, very successfully. The physics of getting energy out of a resource is something that is fairly straightforward. Now, the modern scalability of being able to replicate that in thousands of locations all around the world, conveniently into our modern electricity grid, is something that I would say has been hugely influenced through the development, industrialization and scalability of the smart inverter. And what I mean by that is actually readying the power, conditioning the power, making it grid compliant and ready for delivery into the grid, has received billions of dollars of industrial development in the solar industry to take it down in size and form factor as well as in efficiency.And if that was not available to us, and Emrgy had to build out an industry much like solar to drive industrial development of power conversion and power delivery, to be able to install it globally, we would be on a 20- to 30-year timeline. We would need billions of dollars and or it would just be really slow. If we had to do all custom power equipment, then every utility would have to come in and do a full engineering review of what we were building, whether it would cause problems to the grid. And what we have been able to take amazing advantage of is the ability to utilize a smart inverter that was originally designed for solar and largely used in solar, and be able to use that to control our hydro-generator without invalidating its utility certifications.You have to know quite a bit about power systems, perhaps, to know that controlling the power curve in a hydro-turbine and controlling the power curve in a solar panel is very different, a lot trickier than one might think. And being able to manage the torque and speed, to be able to manage and optimize a power point along the curve is tricky when you're trying to use a device that was made for a different industry. And so one of the biggest areas of Emrgy's technology, development and innovation is not necessarily in the. Physics in the water of how we're getting energy out of the water.It's really how are we delivering that electricity now to the grid in the most cost effective, high efficiency and streamlined way. And being able to use the same inverters that the solar industry is using helps put us on a much closer playing field to be able to deploy these projects in an apples to apples way. And even, as you mentioned, do you do solar or hydro and canals? It's great to do both and potentially even put them right into the same inverter. And that's the beauty of where distributed generation, I believe, is going, is to a flexible environment where you can have that base load, have your peaking load, have your energy storage and share as much of the cost along the system as you can.David RobertsSo you can just use smart inverters that are designed for solar off the shelf. There's no engineering or tweaking or fiddling you have to do.Emily MorrisSo we're prohibited from doing a ton of tweaking inside the inverter because obviously they go through quite a level of utility compliance and we can't necessarily change that. However, what we have is a power controls unit. It's a NEMA panel that looks like a standard electrical panel that sits right next to the inverter and that contains all of our fairly sophisticated controls and mechanisms to allow us to control our system and have it communicate with the solar inverter in a language that the solar inverter understands most of our innovation. And IP in that area sits in that power controls unit rather than in the inverter itself.David RobertsGot it. And so what do we mean when we say smart inverter? I've always kind of wondered, do people just say that because it's like sophisticated? Or is there a clear distinction between a dumb inverter and a smart inverter?Emily MorrisI'm probably not best equipped to handle that question, but I can say that from our perspective, using the inverters that we do use enables us to have both the smart capabilities as it relates to grid following, ensuring the grid islanding or other types of issues are matched. But also for us, having the data aspect of what's collected in that inverter and the amount of information that we can pull off of it is very helpful for us. I mean, we collect data in a number of ways and using the solar inverter or the smart inverter helps us to triangulate and calibrate that data to ensure its accuracy. So, for example, the inverter will give us power output, real time data in that regard, while we also have sensors off board the system in the water that reads flow information, speed information.And so we know if there's a change in power, is that related to a change in flow and we can calibrate that via the sensors, or is it related to an issue in the system? And using both the data off the inverter as well as off of our other data collection systems, helps us to diagnose and monitor device health as well as to especially as we continue to innovate, predict and alert water infrastructure owners of decisions they may need to make.David RobertsThe obvious service you're providing to a water district is we're going to give you some power, some economical power. But I'm wondering about, if you're collecting so much information about water flow, is that information helpful to the canal owners? In other words, are you able to improve the actual operation of the water infrastructure itself?Emily MorrisWe are, and I believe that this will continue to evolve as the industry continues to evolve as well. But right now the water management, especially out in the field, is managed by an aging population. I think the last figure I saw that the average what they call a ditch tender or ditch rider, someone that is monitoring the health of the water conveyance system, the average age of that title is 56 years old.David RobertsA familiar story in so many of these areas.Emily MorrisYeah. So recruiting young talent, recruiting the right type of personnel is tough and so being able to provide data that can integrate back into a SCADA system or otherwise be able to inform those that are not in the field things that may be happening in the canal is definitely valuable. Now over time as well. The canals have been operated for mainly one purpose for many decades now, which is to deliver water and earn revenues off of delivering that water. They're selling the water now as they will be running water and earning revenues from generating power along the way.Working with water districts to optimize their irrigation schedules or their deliveries, to be able to take advantage ...David RobertsSo they could change the way they do things to optimize power delivery too?Emily MorrisYes, I mean, this is one of the very few generation types, particularly on the distribution grid, that is a controllable feedstock. And so to the extent that a water district can generate double the revenue by flowing water during specific times, there are incentives to do so.David RobertsInteresting.Emily MorrisAnd we can provide those. And so aligning incentives between the water district Emrgy and the farmers that they serve to be able to really bring a powerful force of renewable energy onto the grid at the right times of day or the right times of year is something that we believe distributed hydro has a unique ability to do.David RobertsSo I'm guessing that this is in early days, this idea of a water district sort of co-optimizing water usage and power output. I would guess that there's a lot of running room there to find efficiencies and find better ways of doing things.Emily MorrisThat's right there is it's early days. I mean, we are working one of our municipal clients, the canal that we're installed within, its only job is to manage water levels between two reservoirs. So there is a ton of operational flexibility within that section and being able to work with them on optimization of the water flows to drive power is something very straightforward. Now, there are other districts that have been doing things the same way for 50 years. And perhaps they're going to be more of the districts where you have to put the incentive out there first, let them start to see how it changes their income with a change in flow and guide them on that, and we'll see it over time.But this is one thing that we talk about a lot at Emrgy, is how to adequately predict future behaviors with water as a function of how this partnership can work together and provide them both the data, the revenues and other services that are helpful.David RobertsYou could even imagine water districts with an array of these turbines installed maybe playing a role in demand response type things. In other words, they might have the ability to sort of turn it up and down on demand as a source of value.Emily MorrisAbsolutely, and they can do it both on the water side as well as somewhat on the power side as well. If you're familiar with the energy water nexus, the concept that it takes quite a bit of electricity to move water, move and treat water, a lot of these water districts are huge electricity consumers. And so one thing we often talk about with districts is what are their highest consumers of electricity? Is it a particular groundwater well? Is it a particular pumping plant? Is it a particular water treatment facility? How can we both utilize the water to drive demand response and to drive smart operation of water and therefore power?As well as should we cluster these systems around some of those highest consumers even in some ways behind the meter or along with energy storage to where they're able to keep that demand down into a whole different echelon from what they've been operating at?David RobertsRight. Well, this raises the question of in your installations so far, who's buying this power? Who's the modal kind of consumer? Is it the water districts themselves? I mean, they're big electricity consumers. You can see this as kind of a self contained loop kind of thing where they're sort of generating the power that they're using or are you selling it into the grid? Are you selling it to particular off takers or is there a standard model yet?Emily MorrisThere's not a standard model yet. I would say the most common models are power purchase agreements directly with the water district so buying power from us rather than from the grid. And in many cases, if we're in states that have advantageous net metering, which I know are becoming fewer and fewer each year, but able to use that type of arrangement where essentially they're receiving a bill credit and then remitting those savings onto EmrgyDavid RobertsAnd net metering works the same here as it does for solar panels?Emily MorrisYeah, exactly the same. Exactly the same. Down to the same form you fill out from the utility, all the same. And then there are certain states that have advantageous hydro avoided cost contracts where we can just pull directly on a standard offer from the IOU in the area that can allow for a bit of a streamlined contract negotiation. Then when you're meeting with the district, you're only talking about how much we're going to be paying the district to host the system and share those revenues with the IOU rather than contracting with them on power purchase directly.David RobertsRight. A little easier for them. And that sort of raised my next question, which is, is the business model that you go to a water district and sell it these turbines and then it operates these turbines, or is this a power as a service type of arrangement where you own the turbines and operate them and just sell the power to the districts?Emily MorrisYeah, Emrgy has always been organized with a goal toward power as a service. We're currently doing that, although in our first reference projects, we needed to sell the turbines just to get equipment out there, get people familiar with it, which we were successful in doing. Now we're focused primarily on a power as a service model. Although water does tend to be an industry with a high value on ownership. And so many of the districts we work with, they're either interested in being a part owner, they're interested in a future buyout option or transfer of ownership option, just because it's quite common that the manager of the water district grew up at the water district, had maybe a father or grandfather that worked there.And so they focus on generational outcomes. They want to see long lasting systems. They don't want to see us come in, plop something in and then blaze off. They want to know that we're going to be there for the long haul, which with water power that is one of the other benefits is that this is an electromechanical system that if properly maintained, will last for many decades. It doesn't have that inherent chemical degradation.David RobertsRight, solar panels are I think the official is 20 years, or in practice they last a little longer than but I think they're like generally certified for 20 years of operation. What's one of your turbines? Is there a specific fixed time period that you guarantee or how long will these last?Emily MorrisYeah, well, we market 30 years. We seek out 30-year contracting arrangements on both site hosting and power production and sales. But truly there's nothing that drives that 30 years aside from that's what our clients are used to seeing from solar or wind or other types. For us, if these systems continue to be maintained, well, we do do an overhaul every 15 years and make sure that all the equipment is well maintained. But ultimately I was just in Idaho, a few weeks ago and there was a hydro-plant there that had similar materials, similar bearings, similar turbine blades, generators.It was 113 years old. And I won't live long enough to know if one of our turbines can last that long, but there isn't anything inherent of the system that just breaks down and ultimately causes it not to function.David RobertsRight. So another question is which these days I find myself asking every guest, which is what is IRA doing for you? Is the Inflation Reduction Act helping you in some specific way either in manufacturing these things and by the way, they're manufactured here in the US?Emily MorrisThey are.David RobertsSo that's domestic content, what's your relationship with the IRA?Emily MorrisWhile we are still early in how the IRA is being implemented and transacted against within our projects, the understanding of how the IRA will provide advantage to the projects is massive for us. You're spot on. Our systems qualify for both the production tax credit and the investment tax credit. And by both, I mean either we can use either one. We meet the requirements for the domestic content requirement, and many of our projects that we're seeking are in energy communities as well.David RobertsOh, right.Emily MorrisAnd so the opportunity for quite a substantial tax benefit as a function of these projects. And I'll say, in addition, some of the other major IRA programs or BIL programs that funded both the Department of Energy's Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations, OCED, or the USDA's Rural Energy for America program, the REAP program, are also incredibly advantageous to our projects. A substantial amount of our project pipeline right now is in USDA REAP eligible census tracts, which means that they qualify for either loan guarantees, which provides for commercial lenders to be able to offer lower interest lending to the project, or grant programs for renewable energy systems up to a million dollars each. And so these can provide, especially given that these are not exclusive, so we can bring in both REAP loan guarantees as well as the IRA tax benefits into the same project, making them incredibly attractive even in an earlier stage of a company where we haven't yet optimized cost and whatnot.David RobertsInteresting, so you're already in a position where you can go to a water district and offer them a pretty sweet deal, very low upfront costs, a new revenue stream, fairly minimal maintenance. A couple of final questions. First off, you talk about sort of scale and reducing costs. These are pretty simple, as I said before, as one of the benefits. Sort of simple. You have a concrete bracket, there's a vertical turbine, there's some wires and some power control stuff. Where is the room here for technological advancement or is there room for a lot of tech advancement or are you going to get more cost reductions out of scale?Or are you, do you think, pretty close already to this being as cheap as it can get?Emily MorrisYeah, I mean, in terms of tech advancement. I often describe our systems as sort of like when you drive past a wind farm and you can just tell that it was built in wind 1.0 all the turbines are sort of facing the same direction and they're sort of spaced in a finite manner. And then you drive by a newer wind facility and you can tell they're taking advantage of all of the wake of all the different turbines and they're all oriented differently and they're spaced differently. I call our system still a bit of like that 1.0 feel right?We're designing systems and optimizing them for the canals, but there's things that we just can't simulate in any fluid dynamic software until we've got hundreds or thousands of these turbines out there operating.David RobertsSo learning some learning by doing here.Emily MorrisOh, absolutely. I mean, there are times we've seen in practice where the turbines are all generating and then let's say the water district starts to they lower their flow and the turbines are no longer fully submerged in the water. And we found that if you ease off of one of the turbines in terms of its electrical loading and it starts to spin faster in freewheel, then it can ultimately push water levels up and the turbines upstream push into their optimal generating capacity. And that gets a little technical. Maybe folks listening want to call me a nerd out about that sometime, I'd love to ...David RobertsAbout hydraulics.Emily MorrisBut nonetheless, we are definitely at the tip of the iceberg in terms of understanding all the different wake effects and how to create an array that is more than the sum of its parts. So I'd say that's a big area for tech advancement. We are currently funded by ARPA-E in advancing that what we call the term we use is called dynamic tuning, tuning the systems as things dynamically change around them. Another area for advancement is certainly around hybrids and micro grids. So you made the comment earlier about solar or this and we really believe that to really become carbon free at the distribution level, it's going to be many different technologies, not one silver bullet.And so there's no reason why you shouldn't combine either floating solar or ground mounted or spanning solar together with our system, share as much of the balance of system as possible, drive LCOE down and have a hybrid. Adding in energy storage or even adding in renewable fuels production is absolutely something that you could use our system with. And we're actually, we're funded with DOE on another one of these projects looking at micro-grids for resiliency, because a lot of times that resiliency piece in a micro-grid is diesel, right? When all else fails, you have your diesel.And so how can we create something where hydro can be that resiliency piece as something that we're currently working on as well for tech advancement?David RobertsInteresting.Emily MorrisAnd I think you'll see a lot of we see Emrgy as sort of the base platform, the distributed hydro as the base platform. But ultimately we're interested in pursuing how water infrastructure, which spans, as we already talked about, both rural and urban environments, can ultimately become a key facilitator of the energy transition, not just something that's invisible.David RobertsWould you Emrgy get into designing and installing hybrid systems or would this be like a partnership with a solar company? Or is it too early to know?Emily MorrisWe already are into designing and specifying hybrid systems and really more so on creating, for lack of a better term, sort of the universal plug right, where you could plug our system and solar and other things into our overall power architecture. And so we're not necessarily out there innovating on the solar side or on the energy storage side, but creating a way that whether it's with a codevelopment partnership or whether it's something that we can source from a manufacturer, the same way that other developers do, with a very flexible and universal application for combining generation and storage types.David RobertsYeah, because if there are efficiencies available in optimizing one of your systems, I can just imagine once you get into optimizing systems that are small hydro turbines and solar panels and batteries, the more pieces you have, the more sort of room for optimization and efficiency you have, and the more sort of runway there is to bring down costs for the total system.Emily MorrisAnd the more controllability you can add, then the more ultimately this becomes meaningful. At the distribution scale, I think we need more controllability and dispatchability at the distributed scale and providing that baseload resource is one of the key pieces to getting there. And so we don't claim to be experts in microgrid controls or anything like that and definitely seek partnerships in that regard. But I definitely see this as an important piece to the puzzle in how we get to be a more resilient set of carbon-free communities.David RobertsMaybe just say a word or two about why you think, because there's a long running argument in the clean energy world where you see this, especially in solar, where people say, well, the industrial size, utility scale solar, you get cheaper per kilowatt hour output, which I don't think is controversial. Like if you're just measuring on a per kilowatt hour basis, you're going to get cheaper power out of giant fields of solar than by scattered multiple installations. So what do you see as kind of the advantage of doing all this work in a distributed way rather than just say, like adding some big new dam or some big turbine to some big river somewhere? What do you see as sort of the advantages of power generation being distributed through urban and rural areas in water infrastructure like this?Emily MorrisI wouldn't call myself an expert on the math, but while I think you're right that at the field the cost per kilowatt hour of a large solar farm is less. Although I don't know that that math holds. If it's the cost of that kilowatt hour to your home, and if you calculated the per kilowatt hour cost to your home for utility or transmission level solar versus local distributed energy, whether that's solar or Emrgy or anything else, I think the number is probably a lot closer and maybe surprising. I'm sure people have done the math. I personally don't know it, but I believe that as we start looking and staring down the barrel, truly, of what it's going to cost our grid, our transmission grid, to maintain modernization and resiliency, if all we do is keep building large utility scale solar farms, the price of delivery to the house is no question going to become higher and higher.And if we can successfully generate local energy, then it should be lower cost because you're not going to have those massive grid upgrades. It should be more resilient so that if there's a wildfire halfway across the state, it doesn't affect you.David RobertsThe micro-gridding and ability to island is huge, especially if you imagine it sort of multiplied out to every place with a series of canals, which is more or less every city of any size.Emily MorrisNo question. And so we're big believers in the distributed scale, but again, large hydro and large solar provides such a huge benefit. I think we often take strong stances without realizing all the benefits we enjoy from all the various types of assets that are on the grid. And so I think there's a need for all of it. But I absolutely think that there is a better way to becoming net zero than just covering all of our remote fields in solar and all the batteries that are needed to get there. So being able to bring that more locally in a more continuous format is one solution of, I think, all the many that we'll need to truly become net zero.David RobertsSo, final question is a question that, as you say, you get asked a lot. Do you have an eye on other kinds of distributed water infrastructure or is this like a canal play more or less exclusively? Or are there other like, I didn't even really know about canals, so are there other hidden water infrastructure that I don't know about hiding around? Or can you imagine something this simple and modular and low footprint working in natural water features, streams or rivers or something? What's the sort of next step beyond this?Emily MorrisYeah, I mean, we get asked for all sorts of applications that would probably not be on your radar. Whether we can hang these off of oil rigs out in the Gulf, or can we take advantage of the intercoastal waterways on the barrier islands in Florida, or could we use these in tidal environments in Australia or in LNG plants in Singapore? I mean, you name it, we definitely get asked about anytime someone either is driving in their car, looks out the window and sees a flow of water, and they think, "Oh, we should be able to tap into that energy."David RobertsRight, there's energy in all of it.Emily MorrisThey're absolutely right from a physics perspective, but Emrgy is super focused on what we can do and bring value today. Because for me, a clean kilowatt hour generated today is far more valuable than a clean kilowatt hour that I have to plan for and engineer for and design for that can be generated in 2028. And so we're focused on what are near real term opportunities. I would say that we're coming full circle back around to some of the water treatment applications.David RobertsYeah, I was going to ask, what if there's stuff in the water? I meant to ask this much earlier. Are most of these canals carrying clean water? And if it's not clean, if there's stuff in it, does that muck with your turbines?Emily MorrisCertainly. If there's undesirables in the water, it's going right through our turbines. We design the turbines to avoid as much as that as possible with some fluid mechanic designs, but we have an operating mode that essentially will flush the turbines if needed. If they're stuck, if there's debris or algae or something on there, that's a very similar mechanism to what you find in a pump to flush it and get rid of any alien items. But nonetheless, I would say that in terms of water treatment, we'd be focused on effluent channels of already treated water that's returning out to a different water source.As I mentioned before, we are doing some R&D work related to riverine and tidal resources. When I started Emrgy, I said, "Hey, we're going to pick a market that we can really master. And if we can master the product and master the base platform that can scale, amending it for a specific environment is much easier than trying to create a product in lots of different environments at the same time." So over time, perhaps you'll see us in rivers or you'll see us in tides. I don't think it'll be anytime soon. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that there's 2 million linear miles of surface water infrastructure in the world over the globe.And so we'll be pretty busy in the canal market for a long time. And I think building a really impactful technology for this space along the way. But certainly we'd be open to collaborations or exploring other markets as those become, I believe, more accessible and developable.David RobertsIt's exciting to me because this is sort of, as we said, modular and repeatable in the way that solar was, but at the very, very beginning of that journey that we've seen solar go through, which is scale expands, it gets cheaper. You find your ways into new niches. You find your way into applications you didn't even know you were going to get near. Just sort of like it's a self reinforcing cycle of sort of scale and cheapness and then spreading to new applications. That's been fascinating to watch in solar, and it's sort of just at the outset here in small-hydro.Emily MorrisAbsolutely. We hope we can leapfrog some of that, having learned from all the things that they've done and being able to actually adopt many of their innovations like the inverters and whatnot. But no question, this is an emerging asset class. There's still tons to learn. And as we scale, I'll like to look back on this podcast a few years from now and see how many of my predictions help.David RobertsYeah, we'll have to have you back on. Alright, Emily Morris of Emrgy, thanks so much for coming on this really intriguing and exciting new area here, so I appreciate you sharing with us.Emily MorrisThis was great, thanks for having me.David RobertsThank you for listening to the Volts podcast. It is ad-free, powered entirely by listeners like you. If you value conversations like this, please consider becoming a paid Volts subscriber at volts.wtf. Yes, that's volts.wtf, so that I can continue doing this work. Thank you so much, and I'll see you next time. Get full access to Volts at www.volts.wtf/subscribe
สนับสนุนรายเดือน 149 บาท ผ่านเบอร์โทรศัพท์ คลิก https://www.spokedark.tv/supporter/149/subscribe.html สนับสนุนเราวันละครั้งผ่านกสิกร 0698975539 เติมพลังเราวันละครั้ง หัวข้อข่าววันนี้ • คลังรายงานหนี้สาธารณะพุ่ง 10.79 ล้านล้านบาท ด้านประยุทธ์แจงหนี้สาธารณะมาจากไหน • Vote62 ตั้งคำถาม เลือกตั้ง 66 มีบัตรเสีย 3 ล้านใบ มากสุดเป็นประวัติการณ์ เกิดจาก กกต. วินิจฉัยผิดไปเท่าไร? • สฤณี นักวิชาการอิสระ ถูก GULF ฟ้องคดีหมิ่นประมาท เรียกค่าเสียหาย 100 ล้านบาท
The United Nations says more than 1 million people have been displaced by the conflict in Sudan. Despite on and off ceasefires, the fighting between the country's armed forces and paramilitary has shown no signs of ending soon. And, Nigeria has only about 1 doctor for every 5,000 residents. Members of Nigerian Parliament are backing a new bill that will medical graduates to work in the country for five years to limit the medical brain drain. Also, a spacecraft with an all-private astronaut team splashed down off Texas in the Gulf of Mexico late Tuesday. Two of the four astronauts on board are from Saudi Arabia including the first Arab woman to go into orbit. Plus, a the $70 billion deal that could impact the future of cloud gaming.
Leonard Lopate at Large on WBAI Radio in New York
David Gessner the Bestselling author of thirteen books that blend a love of nature, humor, memoir, and environmentalism asks what kind of planet his daughter will inherit in this coast-to-coast guide to navigating climate crisis. The world is burning and the seas are rising. How do we navigate this new age of extremes? In A Traveler's Guide to the End of the World, David Gessner takes readers on an eye-opening tour of climate hotspots from the Gulf of Mexico to the burning American West to New York City to the fragile Outer Banks, where homes are being swallowed by the seas. Gessner approaches scientists and thinkers with a father's question: What will the world be like in forty-two years? Gessner was forty-two when his daughter, Hadley, was born. What will the world be like in 2064, when Hadley is his age now? What is the future of weather? The future of heat, storms, and fire? What exactly will our children be facing? Join us when Gessner tells a story of climate crisis that will both entertain and shake people awake to the necessity of navigating this new age together, on this installment of Leonard Lopate at Large.
*) Deal averting debt default passes first test in US Congress A deal to raise the US debt ceiling has passed its first major test in Congress, surviving a crucial vote amid a conservative backlash that resurrected the threat of the country's first-ever default. Lawmakers have until Monday next week to green-light an agreement between Republicans and Democrats to allow more borrowing and ensure the country doesn't miss loan repayments. There were sighs of relief across Washington as Republican House Speaker Kevin McCarthy and Democratic President Joe Biden agreed on the 99-page “Fiscal Responsibility Act”. *) North Korea's bid to launch country's first spy satellite fails North Korea has said that its attempt to launch the country's first spy satellite has failed. In a statement published on state media, North Korea said a rocket carrying the spy satellite crashed into waters off the Korean Peninsula's western coast. The crash occurred after it lost thrust following the separation of its first and second stages. It said scientists were examining the cause of the failure. *) Fighting subsides in Sudan's capital after extension of ceasefire Intense fighting has subsided in Sudan's capital although sounds of gunfire could still be heard in some areas, residents said. The fighting decreased after warring parties — the Sudanese army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces group — battling for more than six weeks agreed to extend a ceasefire just before it was due to expire. Hours before the ceasefire extension was signed, residents reported intensive fighting in all three of the adjoining cities that make up Sudan's greater capital. *) Several dead in Ukraine shelling of Luhansk village: Russia Four people have been killed and 16 injured as a result of Ukraine's shelling of the Karpaty village in the Luhansk region, the Moscow-backed local coordination centre said. The centre said on its Telegram messaging channel the shelling hit a poultry farm. There was no immediate response from Ukraine, but Kiev almost never publicly claims responsibility for attacks inside Russia or on Russian-controlled territory in Ukraine. And finally… *) First Saudi woman in orbit, other astronauts, splash down off Florida A private flight carrying two Saudi astronauts and other passengers has returned to Earth after a nine-day trip to the International Space Station. The capsule carrying the four parachuted into the Gulf of Mexico, just off the Florida Panhandle, 12 hours after undocking from the orbiting lab. The Saudi government picked up the tab for its two astronauts: Rayyanah Barnawi, a stem cell researcher who became the first Saudi woman in space; and fighter pilot Ali al Qarni.
Conference of the Birds Podcast
THIS WEEK's BIRDS: Jon Jang resets Chinese love song; vintage song (ghazal, film music, and more) from India and Pakistan: Runa Laila, Kanika Banerjee (singing a poem of Atul Prasad Sen's), Malika Pukraj; Fred Moten (poetry) w. Brandon López & Gerald Cleaver; African salsero Laba Sosseh; newly released recording g of Sonny Stitt live (at the Left Bank, Baltimore); Ray Lema; some Mingus for good measure; Peter Maceachern Trio; legend of Gulf pop, Saudi vocalist Mohammed Abdu, recorded live ca. 1990; Kalaprusha Maurice McIntyre; Bavon Marie Marie & l'Orchestre Negro Succés; Le T.P.O.K. Jazz (w. Franco!); much, much more ...! LISTEN LIVE: Friday nights, 9:00pm-MIDNIGHT (EST), in Central New York on WRFI: 88.1FM Ithaca, 89.7FM Odessa, 91.9FM WINO Watkins Glen. and WORLDWIDE online at WRFI.ORG. via PODBEAN: https://conferenceofthebirds.podbean.com/ via iTUNES: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/conference-of-the-birds-podcast/id478688580 Also available at podomatic, Internet Archive, podtail, iheart Radio, and elsewhere. Always FREE of charge to listen to the radio program and free also to stream, download, and subscribe to the podcast online: PLAYLISTS at SPINITRON: https://spinitron.com/WRFI/pl/17336231/Conference-of-the-Birds and via the Conference of the Birds page at WRFI.ORG https://www.wrfi.org/wrfiprograms/conferenceofthebirds/ Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/conferenceofthebirds/?ref=bookmarks FIND WRFI on Radio Garden: http://radio.garden/visit/ithaca-ny/aqh8OGBR Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Simon Ateba joins Dr. Drew to discuss Tucker Carlson's rumored new Twitter show, new CEO Linda Yaccarino, Ron DeSantis' expected presidential campaign announcement in an interview with Elon Musk on Twitter Spaces, and Simon's experience of being banned by the White House's Press Secretary. But Ateba's own story is also remarkable. He says he was "attacked by pirates on the Gulf of Guinea with an AK47 to my head, kidnapped in Nigeria, dumped in the woods & left for dead, arrested in Cameroon during investigation & kept in dark cell only to be sidelined at the White House." Simon Ateba is Chief White House Correspondent for Today News Africa. Follow him at https://twitter.com/simonateba and read his Substack at https://www.dailyletter.us/ 「 SPONSORED BY 」 • PALEOVALLEY - "Paleovalley has a wide variety of extraordinary products that are both healthful and delicious,” says Dr. Drew. "I am a huge fan of this brand and know you'll love it too!” Get 15% off your first order at https://drdrew.com/paleovalley • THE WELLNESS COMPANY - Counteract harmful spike proteins with TWC's Signature Series Spike Support Formula containing nattokinase and selenium. Learn more about TWC's supplements at https://twc.health/drew • BIRCH GOLD - Don't let your savings lose value. You can own physical gold and silver in a tax-sheltered retirement account, and Birch Gold will help you do it. Claim your free, no obligation info kit from Birch Gold at https://birchgold.com/drew • GENUCEL - Using a proprietary base formulated by a pharmacist, Genucel has created skincare that can dramatically improve the appearance of facial redness and under-eye puffiness. Genucel uses clinical levels of botanical extracts in their cruelty-free, natural, made-in-the-USA line of products. Get an extra discount with promo code DREW at https://genucel.com/drew 「 MEDICAL NOTE 」 The CDC states that COVID-19 vaccines are safe, effective, and reduce your risk of severe illness. You should always consult your personal physician before making any decisions about your health. 「 ABOUT the SHOW 」 Ask Dr. Drew is produced by Kaleb Nation (https://kalebnation.com) and Susan Pinsky (https://twitter.com/firstladyoflove). This show is for entertainment and/or informational purposes only, and is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. 「 WITH DR. KELLY VICTORY 」 Dr. Kelly Victory MD is a board-certified trauma and emergency specialist with over 30 years of clinical experience. She served as CMO for Whole Health Management, delivering on-site healthcare services for Fortune 500 companies. She holds a BS from Duke University and her MD from the University of North Carolina. Follow her at https://earlycovidcare.org and https://twitter.com/DrKellyVictory. 「 ABOUT DR. DREW 」 For over 30 years, Dr. Drew has answered questions and offered guidance to millions through popular shows like Celebrity Rehab (VH1), Dr. Drew On Call (HLN), Teen Mom OG (MTV), and the iconic radio show Loveline. Now, Dr. Drew is opening his phone lines to the world by streaming LIVE from his home studio. Watch all of Dr. Drew's latest shows at https://drdrew.tv Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Claim made to the BBC by one of Ukraine's most senior security officials. Also: Turkey holds its first ever presidential run-off election, with Recep Tayyip Erdogan seeking to extend his rule into a third decade in the face of a strong challenge from Kemal Kilicdaroglu and, Iraq announces a seventeen-billion dollar road and rail building project to link Europe and the Gulf.
Topics: White House Plumbers show, Gulf war trading cards Matt Christman goes off live on http://www.twitch.tv/chapotraphouse
On this fun filled episode of The Jay Sutton Show we discuss a variety of topics. Starting with our experience at the Tequila Celebration, my performing on a Gulf course ( video avail on channel ). RIP to Tina Turner & Jim Brown. Ja Morant updates and breakdowns. Lakers swept LBJ steals thunder with retirement hints. J. Lo breakdown and her new movie The Mother. Fetty Wap update, Rick Ross & DJ Envy online beef, Scar Lip the new it girl of Ny. Johnny Gill is the Wesley Snipes of acting (Always steal scenes/songs). HS Dean recruited kids for Latin Kings, a man beat another man with a python snake. Martha Stewart in bathing suits and a whole lot more. So press play and enjoy the show. #IntelligentIgnorance #The Jay Sutton Show #TrapQueen
In March 2015, a ten-nation coalition of Gulf states launched an attack against Houthi insurgents in Aden. With Iran seeking to dominate the Southern Arabian Peninsula and take control of the Suez Canal, Aden became a key logistical city and suddenly found itself thrust into the limelight. With Washington involved in a Nuclear Deal with Iran for the first time, the Gulf States acted alone in their defense. But why was the Yemeni city of Aden so important to the coalition, and how far were they willing to go to defend it?In this episode, James welcomes Michael Knights, author of the new book '25 Days to Aden', to the podcast to help unpack this pivotal moment in modern history. Examining the socio-political importance of Aden, addressing Washington's lack of support, and looking at the lasting consequences of this conflict, Michael helps explain what happened in those 25 days of 2015 and why they were so important.Produced by Elena GuthrieEdited by Aidan LonerganIf you'd like to learn even more, we have hundreds of history documentaries, ad free podcasts and audiobooks at History Hit - subscribe today! To download, go to Android or Apple store Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Alabama Saltwater Fishing Report
The Alabama Saltwater Fishing Report is your best resource for the Gulf Shores Surf Fishing Report, Orange Beach Fishing Report, Dauphin Island Fishing Report, Mobile Bay Fishing Report, and Alabama saltwater fishing everywhere in between. For the anglers looking for a Gulf Shores surf Fishing Report, Gulf State Park pier fishing report, Orange Beach Fishing Report and Fort Morgan fishing report, look no further than the Alabama Saltwater Fishing Report. Every week we bring you an "onshore" report for those anglers interested in a gulf shores surf fishing report or a gulf shores pier fishing report. This week we have a kayak report and we're talking to Capt. Scott Kennedy who is giving us the Alabama Fishing report all the way from the Flora Bama to Fort Morgan.Capt. Scott is having great success around Orange Beach and Gulf Shores with redfish on topwater. Capt. Scott gives us tips on how he is having success with LOTS of flounder right now. For our guys looking for the Dauphin Island inshore fishing report or the Orange Beach Inshore Fishing Report, Capt. Shane Traylor has what you need to know to catch more speckled trout, redfish, and tripletail and how to catch each of these species in the area. The tactics and tips we discuss here each week can be applied to many areas when fishing Alabama's coast and other states along the Gulf of Mexico. Capt. Shane has been catching some really nice Speckled Trout around Mississippi Sound and Mobile Bay and down towards dauphin Island. He has been catching his own pogies and that is what has been making the difference on those big Specks. Tune in to hear more. For the Alabama Fishing Report offshore and the Gulf fishing report, tune in for this week's report with Capt. Branden Collier. You never know what you might get in the offshore Gulf Fishing report each week. We cover nearshore fishing from Captain's running center consoles and fishing for red snapper, grouper, triggerfish, king mackerel, cobia, and more. When we head to blue water, we have contributions from some of the best Captain's on the tournament circuit and off who fish for tuna, wahoo, mahi-mahi, and billfish. Capt. Branden has been having great success near shore around the mouth of Mobile Bay and out in the Gulf Of Mexico. Capt. Branden has been catching lots of big Spanish Mackerel, Mangrove snapper and he gives tips on how to catch those species with ease right now. It's all brought to you whether it's good, bad, or ugly. Please subscribe, rate, and review wherever you listen to podcasts and if you'd like us to email you the podcast, just head over to greatdaysoutdoors.com/asfr and we'll send you the new show each week. Keep Whackin em'! Sponsors CCA Alabama Alabama Marine Resources Angelo Depaola EXP Realty "The Coastal Connection" Alabama Deep Sea Fishing Rodeo KillerDock Fishbites Gulf Coast Office - National Land Realty Hilton's Offshore Charts Pure Flats- The Slick Lure Gulf Shores and Orange Beach Tourism Great Days Outdoors Foster Contracting - Fortified Roofing Mallard Bay Return Em Right AFTCO Mustad Fishing Texas Hunter Products Bucks Island Fishing Chaos Hiltons Realtime Navigator L&M Marine Dixie Supply and Baker Metal Works MB Ranch King/ Bruser Farms
Marine Conservation Happy Hour
Dr Scarlett Smash & Dr Craken MacCraic chat with their guest Michael Jasny (from the Natural Resources Defense Council) about a new law that could cause massive harm to whales, dolphins and other marine species in the Gulf of Mexico, from the oil and gas industry! If you liked this show please support us so we can keep providing more content, $1 helps : www.patreon.com/marineconservation Contact email@example.com for more information about sponsoring MCHH episodes or having advertisments on the show Music credits By Jolly Shore Leave "Al For Me Grog (Trad.)" HandsomeForrune-FE (Adapted Lyrics by Taran Christen : Musical Arrangement by K. Ryan Hart) Represented by Rebellious Entertainment MCHH Twitter Dr Scarlett Smash Twitter Dr Scarlett Smash Instagram Dr Scarlett Smash TikTok Dr Craken MacCraic Twitter Dr Craken MacCraic Instagram MCHH Instagram MCHH Facebook Dr Scarlett Smash YouTube
Welcome to Episode 1400; part of our Italian wine interview series set in Dusseldorf, Germany. Today Joy Livingston interviews Marzia Varvaglione from Varvaglione 1921. Stevie Kim and her team travelled to Dusseldorf, Germany this March to collaborate with ITA, the Italian Trade Agency. ITA was organizing some incredible Masterclasses featuring the best wines Italy has to offer. Each masterclass was led by the Master Sommelier Eros Teboni (awarded Best Sommelier Worldwide in 2018), and they wanted us there to document the amazing 3 days! Tune-in each Thursday as we bring you the great interviews that unfolded over the course of 3 days. About today's guest and winery: Marzia was born in Taranto on March 24, 1989 where she lived until the age of 18; she is the elder sister of 3 brothers, a fundamental and integral part of her life and her company. She studied at the Universities of Milan, Lugano, Lausanne and London where he had the opportunity to focus on business strategy and marketing. Then the most beautiful and exciting but also difficult path begins: joining the family business, a wine producing company still focused on the marketing of bulk wine. The company is now led by the father with her and her brothers. Marzia has been at her side as Business Developer and Marketing and Sales director for 10 years. Thus, at the same time, she also began to train in the wine sector by obtaining the WSET L3. La Varvaglione 1921 ( Vini di Puglia Varvaglione 1921, at the gates of Salento!) today it exports 5 million bottles to more than 70 countries around the world. Varvaglione 1921 has been making wine for almost one hundred years, spanning four generations of the family. Today, it is one of the biggest and fastest developing companies in Puglia, steadily increasing the number of bottles produced and the quality of its wines. The company is based in Leporano on the Gulf of Taranto, in the famous Salento region. Experience and tradition have found synergy in the company's use of innovative winemaking technology. Today the company has three production areas: the winemaking plant and cellar, the bottling site and the shop, which used to be the headquarters of the company. The feather in the cap today is the Masseria Pizzariello, a traditional Pugliese estate that symbolizes all of the history and way of life that is typical of the warm hospitality in this region. More about today's guest and winery: https://www.varvaglione.com/en/azienda-vini More about the interviewer: Joy Livingston is the Producer of Italian Wine Podcast. Narrator extraordinaire and Scienza whisperer Joy Livingston has been known to edit the occasional book from time to time. When Joy is not busy Producing the podcast she is also working hard on the Mamma Jumbo Shrimp YouTube channel where many of the interviews stream on video! Let's keep in touch! Follow us on our social media channels: Instagram @italianwinepodcast Facebook @ItalianWinePodcast Twitter @itawinepodast Tiktok @MammaJumboShrimp LinkedIn @ItalianWinePodcast If you feel like helping us, donate here www.italianwinepodcast.com/donate-to-show/ Until next time, cin cin!
Arab Digest editor William Law's guest this week is the New Lines Institute's Caroline Rose. Caroline has been carrying out ground-breaking investigative analysis of Captagon, the drug of choice in the Gulf and the wider Middle East. With the Arab League normalising relations with the Syrian regime and welcoming Bashar al-Assad back into the fold, the head of the family narco business has scored another coup but it is one unlikely to stop the flood of Captagon into the region. Sign up NOW at ArabDigest.org for free to join the club and start receiving our daily newsletter & weekly podcasts.
Intro: "The Lightness of Jimmy Buffett" “Do you happen to know, He Went To Paris?” I asked her, on our first evening walk on the beach together. And before Kay could say anything, I started singing it to her as we strolled along, holding hands. And that was the beginning. Little did we know how this pirate troubadour/jester would serenade us as we moved through our lives. The last few days I've been thinking about Jimmy Buffett—his stories, his images. And a funny thing happened: his words started coming to me in bits and pieces—so quickly, I had to brush them away from my face. I wrote them down furiously and this little story came out it. His music has accompanied us while floating in the Atlantic, the Gulf, and the intracoastal waterways. …through celebrations, road-trips, trials and tribulations, and even a wake or two. We've been blessed by so many great voices in our lives, and we don't spend a whole lot of time ranking or rating them, but Jimmy holds a special place. Kay and I both were Florida born and bred, and he provides a saltwater soundtrack, if you will—blue skies and ultraviolet rays. He broadened my cultural horizons. He taught me about the magic, mystery and mischief in everyday life, spirituality in natural beauty, and liberation in laughter. His lessons on the art of “noticing” our surroundings pick up where Hemingway and Alice Walker left off. For half a century Buffett's music has served as a visceral reminder to live in the world, as Muir said, and not just on it. With his words, he takes us with him, wherever he goes. From that night in Montana with no room for doubt, to the corner of Walk and Don't Walk, just sipping coffee from Café du Monde. A journey past the channel islands out into the cosmos, singing “Mother, mother, ocean,” from a hymn he taught me at an early age. Now I've heard—and maybe you have too—Buffett's work described as an escape, but it's not an escape, exactly. He gives our spirits lift when we are too much burdened by troubles, worries, and obligations. Challenging us to try to live happily ever after every now and then. There is a lightness, in even his deepest work. “Follow in my wake,” he says, and so we do. Hope you enjoy... JM
Seasonal Knowledge and the Almanac Tradition in the Arab Gulf (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) is the first in English to survey indigenous knowledge of seasonal, astronomical, and agricultural information in Arab Gulf almanacs. It provides an extensive analysis of the traditional information available, based on local almanacs, Arabic texts and poetry by Gulf individuals, ethnographic interviews, and online forums. A major feature of the book is tracing the history of terms and concepts in the local seasonal knowledge of the Gulf, including an important genre about weather stars, stemming back to the ninth century CE. Also covered are pearl diving, fishing, seafaring, and pastoral activities. This book will be of interest to scholars who study the entire Arab region since much of the lore was shared and continues through the present. It will also be of value to scholars who work on the Indian Ocean and Red Sea Trade Network, as well as the history of folk astronomy in the Arab World. Daniel Martin Varisco is an anthropologist and historian, who conducted ethnographic and ecological research in the Yemen Arab Republic in the 1970s and returned numerous times in the 1980s and 1990s as both a consultant in development and a historian. Tamara Fernando co-hosted the episode. She is a Past & Present postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Historical Research, London, and an incoming assistant professor in the history of the global south at SUNY Stony Brook University. Her present book project, Of Mollusks and Men, is a history of pearl diving across the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mannar, and the Mergui archipelago. She is interested in histories of science, environment, and labor across the Indian Ocean. Ahmed Yaqoub AlMaazmi is a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University, Near Eastern Studies Department. His research focuses on the intersection of law, the occult sciences, and the environment across the western Indian Ocean. He can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or on Twitter @Ahmed_Yaqoub. Listeners' feedback, questions, and book suggestions are most welcome. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
Seasonal Knowledge and the Almanac Tradition in the Arab Gulf (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) is the first in English to survey indigenous knowledge of seasonal, astronomical, and agricultural information in Arab Gulf almanacs. It provides an extensive analysis of the traditional information available, based on local almanacs, Arabic texts and poetry by Gulf individuals, ethnographic interviews, and online forums. A major feature of the book is tracing the history of terms and concepts in the local seasonal knowledge of the Gulf, including an important genre about weather stars, stemming back to the ninth century CE. Also covered are pearl diving, fishing, seafaring, and pastoral activities. This book will be of interest to scholars who study the entire Arab region since much of the lore was shared and continues through the present. It will also be of value to scholars who work on the Indian Ocean and Red Sea Trade Network, as well as the history of folk astronomy in the Arab World. Daniel Martin Varisco is an anthropologist and historian, who conducted ethnographic and ecological research in the Yemen Arab Republic in the 1970s and returned numerous times in the 1980s and 1990s as both a consultant in development and a historian. Tamara Fernando co-hosted the episode. She is a Past & Present postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Historical Research, London, and an incoming assistant professor in the history of the global south at SUNY Stony Brook University. Her present book project, Of Mollusks and Men, is a history of pearl diving across the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mannar, and the Mergui archipelago. She is interested in histories of science, environment, and labor across the Indian Ocean. Ahmed Yaqoub AlMaazmi is a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University, Near Eastern Studies Department. His research focuses on the intersection of law, the occult sciences, and the environment across the western Indian Ocean. He can be reached by email at email@example.com or on Twitter @Ahmed_Yaqoub. Listeners' feedback, questions, and book suggestions are most welcome. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/anthropology
What do you do when the media calls for an interview after a crisis? From time to time, businesses are forced to engage in crisis communications — messaging to the masses during turbulent times. You may want to just say “no comment,” but that's the worst thing to say after a crisis. It immediately implies guilt and will hurt your reputation in the court of public opinion. Perhaps your business is going through a product recall, or you're dealing with an environmental issue. The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill is just one infamous example of corporate turbulence. The parties involved likely had to rapidly develop a viable public relations plan — at a time when 4 million barrels' worth of oil was flowing into the Gulf of Mexico. But you can't just wait until a crisis strikes to be ready to communicate. It's critical to prepare a crisis communications plan months and even years in advance, proactively mapping out how to respond if and when the ship starts rocking. The best reaction comes from planning your actions in advance and listing specific steps that you will take to respond. That's how you weather a storm — you don't just act in the middle of one, but before. Continue reading here. The article read in this episode originally appeared on the Forbes Agency Council CommunityVoice™ in April 2023. Activate The PR Maven® Flash Briefing on your Alexa Device. Join The PR Maven® Facebook group page. Sign up for email notifications for when new episodes are released.
New Books in Middle Eastern Studies
Seasonal Knowledge and the Almanac Tradition in the Arab Gulf (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022) is the first in English to survey indigenous knowledge of seasonal, astronomical, and agricultural information in Arab Gulf almanacs. It provides an extensive analysis of the traditional information available, based on local almanacs, Arabic texts and poetry by Gulf individuals, ethnographic interviews, and online forums. A major feature of the book is tracing the history of terms and concepts in the local seasonal knowledge of the Gulf, including an important genre about weather stars, stemming back to the ninth century CE. Also covered are pearl diving, fishing, seafaring, and pastoral activities. This book will be of interest to scholars who study the entire Arab region since much of the lore was shared and continues through the present. It will also be of value to scholars who work on the Indian Ocean and Red Sea Trade Network, as well as the history of folk astronomy in the Arab World. Daniel Martin Varisco is an anthropologist and historian, who conducted ethnographic and ecological research in the Yemen Arab Republic in the 1970s and returned numerous times in the 1980s and 1990s as both a consultant in development and a historian. Tamara Fernando co-hosted the episode. She is a Past & Present postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Historical Research, London, and an incoming assistant professor in the history of the global south at SUNY Stony Brook University. Her present book project, Of Mollusks and Men, is a history of pearl diving across the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Mannar, and the Mergui archipelago. She is interested in histories of science, environment, and labor across the Indian Ocean. Ahmed Yaqoub AlMaazmi is a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University, Near Eastern Studies Department. His research focuses on the intersection of law, the occult sciences, and the environment across the western Indian Ocean. He can be reached by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or on Twitter @Ahmed_Yaqoub. Listeners' feedback, questions, and book suggestions are most welcome. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/middle-eastern-studies
CLICK HERE to listen to episode audio (5:10).Sections below are the following: Transcript of Audio Audio Notes and Acknowledgments ImagesExtra InformationSources Related Water Radio Episodes For Virginia Teachers (Relevant SOLs, etc.). Unless otherwise noted, all Web addresses mentioned were functional as of 5-22-23. TRANSCRIPT OF AUDIO From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the weeks of May 29 and June 5, 2023. SOUNDS – ~6 sec – loud thunder and rain. Sounds of rain and thunder open Water Radio's annual episode previewing a potential bunch of rainy, thunderous, windy, and dangerous summer and fall visitors. Have a listen for about 35 seconds to some more stormy sounds accompanying 21 names that we hope will not become infamous this year. SOUNDS AND VOICES - ~34 sec – “Arlene. Bret. Cindy. Don. Emily. Franklin. Gert. Harold. Idalia. Jose. Katia. Lee. Margot. Nigel. Ophelia. Philippe. Rina. Sean. Tammy. Vince. Whitney.” Those were the names planned for storms that may occur during this year's Atlantic basin tropical cyclone season. The Atlantic basin includes the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic tropical cyclone season runs officially from June 1 through November 30. Most Atlantic tropical cyclones occur within this period, but not all of them do. In fact, every year from 2015 through 2021 had a named Atlantic basin storm before June 1. [Editor's note, not in the audio: Pre-June named Atlantic storms from 2015 through 2021 were Ana in 2015, Alex in January 2016 and Bonnie in May 2016, Arlene in April 2017, Alberto in May 2018, Andrea in May 2019, Arthur and Bertha in May 2020, and Ana in May 2021. The first named storm in 2022 officially formed on June 5, when on that day the National Hurricane Center upgraded Potential Tropical Cyclone One to Tropical Storm Alex.] Tropical storms and hurricanes are two categories of tropical cyclones, which are rotating storm systems that start in tropical or sub-tropical latitudes. A tropical cyclone is called a tropical storm—and gets a name—when sustained wind speeds reach 39 miles per hour; at 74 miles per hour, a tropical cyclone is considered a hurricane. Tropical depressions—with wind speeds below 39 miles per hour—don't get named if they never reach tropical storm wind speed, but they can still bring damaging rainfall and flooding. Hurricane-force storms are called typhoons in northwestern areas of the Pacific Ocean. [Editor's note, not in the audio: A tropical system that never gets above the tropical depression wind-speed level won't be given a name. But a lingering tropical depression that previously was at the wind speed of a tropical storm or hurricane will have a name associated with it.] Before a tropical system of any speed or name barges into the Old Dominion, here are five important preparedness steps recommended by the National Weather Service. 1. Know your zone – that is, find out if you live in a hurricane evacuation area by checking the Virginia Department of Emergency Management's “Hurricane Zone Evacuation Tool,” available online at vaemergency.gov/prepare, or by contacting your local emergency management office. 2. Assemble an emergency kit of food, water, flashlights, first aid materials, a battery-powered radio, and other items that would be useful in a power outage. 3. Have a family emergency plan, including procedures for evacuating and for getting in touch with one another in an emergency. 4. Review your insurance policies to ensure that you have adequate coverage for your home and personal property. And 5. Establish ways to stay informed, especially if the power goes out. Detailed safety tips for hurricanes and other severe weather are available online from the National Weather Service, the Virginia Department of Emergency Management, the American Red Cross, and various other sources. Thanks to seven Virginia Tech colleagues for lending their voices to this episode. We close with about 25 seconds of original music for tropical storms, composed and performed by Torrin Hallett. Here's “Tropical Tantrum.” MUSIC - ~27 sec – instrumental. SHIP'S BELL Virginia Water Radio is produced by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center, part of Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources and Environment. For more Virginia water sounds, music, or information, visit us online at virginiawaterradio.org, or call the Water Center at (540) 231-5624. Thanks to Stewart Scales for his banjo version of “Cripple Creek” to open and close this episode. In Blacksburg, I'm Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water. AUDIO NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS All sounds in this episode were recorded by Virginia Water Radio in Blacksburg, Va. The tropical storm name call-outs by seven Virginia Tech faculty and staff were recorded on May 19, 2023. The opening rain and thunder were recorded in Blacksburg on July 31, 2012. The rain and thunder accompanying the name call-outs were recorded in Blacksburg on September 28, 2016. “Tropical Tantrum” is copyright 2017 by Torrin Hallett, used with permission. As of 2022-2023, Torrin is the associate principal horn of the Symphonic Orchestra of the State of Mexico. He is a 2018 graduate of Oberlin College and Conservatory in Oberlin, Ohio, a 2020 graduate in Horn Performance from Manhattan School of Music in New York, and a 2021 graduate of the Lamont School of Music at the University of Denver. More information about Torrin is available online at https://www.facebook.com/torrin.hallett. Thanks very much to Torrin for composing the piece especially for Virginia Water Radio. This music was used previously by Virginia Water Radio most recently in Episode 580, 6-7-21, a preview of the 2021 Atlantic tropical storm season. Following are other music pieces composed by Torrin Hallett for Virginia Water Radio, with episodes featuring the music. “A Little Fright Music” – used in Episode 548, 10-26-20, on water-related passages in fiction and non-fiction, for Halloween; Episode 601, 10-31-21, connections among Halloween, water, and the human boy; and Episode 640, 10-31-22, a Halloween-themed tree quiz.“Beetle Ballet” – used in Episode 525, 5-18-20, on aquatic beetles.“Chesapeake Bay Ballad” – used most recently in Episode 632, 7-18-22, on Chesapeake Bay conditions.“Corona Cue” – used in Episode 517, 3-23-20, on the coronavirus pandemic. “Flow Stopper” – used in Episode 599, 10-18-21, on “Imagine a Day Without Water.”“Geese Piece” – used most recently in 615, 2-7-22, on Brant.“Ice Dance” – “Ice Dance” – used most recently in Episode 606, 12-6-21, on freezing of water.“Lizard Lied” – used in Episode 514, 3-2-20, on lizards. “New Year's Water” – used most recently in Episode 610, 1-3-22, on water thermodynamics and a New Year's Day New River wade-in. “Rain Refrain” – used most recently in Episode 559, 1-11-21, on record rainfall in 2020. “Runoff” – in Episode 585, 7-12-21 – on middle schoolers calling out stormwater-related water words.“Spider Strike” – used in Episode 523, 5-4-20, on fishing spiders.“Tundra Swan Song – used in Episode 554, 12-7-20, on Tundra Swans.“Turkey Tune” – used in Episode 343, 11-21-16, on the Wild Turkey. Click here if you'd like to hear the full version (1 min./11 sec.) of the “Cripple Creek” arrangement/performance by Stewart Scales that opens and closes this episode. More information about Mr. Scales and the group New Standard, with which Mr. Scales plays, is available online at http://newstandardbluegrass.com. IMAGES National Hurricane Center map of the Atlantic tropical weather outlook for the next seven days, as of 8 a.m. EDT on May 23, 2023; map accessed online at https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/gtwo.php?basin=atlc&fdays=7.National Hurricane Center map showing the names, dates, and tracks of named Atlantic basin tropical cyclones (tropical storms and hurricanes) in 2022; map accessed online at https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/index.php?season=2022&basin=atl.“5 Things to Know About Hurricane Hazard Risks” poster from the National Weather Service, “What to Do Before the Tropical Storm or Hurricane,” online at https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-plan. The site also has posters with “5 Things to Know About…” having an evacuation plan, strengthening one's home, getting information, and insurance. EXTRA INFORMATION ON TROPICAL CYCLONE PREPAREDNESS The following information quoted from the National Weather Service, “Hurricane Safety,” online at https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane, May 22, 2023. Plan for a Hurricane: What to Do Before the Tropical Storm or Hurricane (online at https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-plan) “The best time to prepare for a hurricane is before hurricane season begins on June 1. It is vital to understand your home's vulnerability to storm surge, flooding, and wind. Here is your checklist of things to do BEFORE hurricane seasons begins. “Know your zone: Do you live near the Gulf or Atlantic Coasts? Find out if you live in a hurricane evacuation area by contacting your local government/emergency management office [or, in Virginia, by visiting https://www.vaemergency.gov/hurricane-evacuation-zone-lookup/]. “Put Together an Emergency Kit: Put together a basic emergency kit [information to do so is online at https://www.ready.gov/kit]. Check emergency equipment, such as flashlights, generators, and storm shutters. “Write or review your Family Emergency Plan: Before an emergency happens, sit down with your family or close friends and decide how you will get in contact with each other, where you will go, and what you will do in an emergency. Keep a copy of this plan in your emergency supplies kit or another safe place where you can access it in the event of a disaster. [Information to help with emergency plan preparation is online at https://www.ready.gov/plan.] “Review Your Insurance Policies: Review your insurance policies to ensure that you have adequate coverage for your home and personal property. “Understand NWS forecast products, especially the meaning of NWS watches and warnings. “Preparation tips for your home from the Federal Alliance for Safe Homes [available online at https://www.flash.org/]. “Preparation tips for those with chronic illnesses [available from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, online at https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/infographic/emergency.htm].” Actions to Take When a Tropical Storm or Hurricane Threatens (online at https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-action) “When a hurricane threatens your community, be prepared to evacuate if you live in a storm surge risk area. Allow enough time to pack and inform friends and family if you need to leave your home. “Secure your home: Cover all of your home's windows. Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows. A second option is to board up windows with 5/8 inch exterior grade or marine plywood, built to fit, and ready to install. Buy supplies before the hurricane season rather than waiting for the pre-storm rush. “Stayed tuned in: Check the websites of your local National Weather Service office [online at https://www.weather.gov/] and local government/emergency management office. Find out what type of emergencies could occur and how you should respond. Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or other radio or TV stations for the latest storm news. “Follow instructions issued by local officials. Leave immediately if ordered! “If NOT ordered to evacuate: