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Today In Jewish History
28 Marcheshvan – The Suez War – 1956

Today In Jewish History

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 21, 2022


Acontece que no es poco con Nieves Concostrina
Acontece que no es poco | Inaugurado el Canal de Suez

Acontece que no es poco con Nieves Concostrina

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 14:28


El 17 de noviembre de 1869 Eugenia de Montijo, última emperatriz de Francia por su matrimonio con Napoleón II inauguró oficialmente el Canal de Suéz. Por Nieves Concostrina.

La Ventana
Acontece que no es poco | Inaugurado el Canal de Suez

La Ventana

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 14:28


El 17 de noviembre de 1869 Eugenia de Montijo, última emperatriz de Francia por su matrimonio con Napoleón II inauguró oficialmente el Canal de Suéz. Por Nieves Concostrina.

La Ventana
La Ventana de 18 a 20h | Acontece que no es poco. Lo que queda del día

La Ventana

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 29:30


Nieves Concostrina nos acerca a la inaugurado el Canal de Suez que fue un 17 de noviembre de 1869. Terminamos con ‘Lo que queda del día' con Isaías lafuente 

Cualquier tiempo pasado fue anterior
Acontece que no es poco | Inaugurado el Canal de Suez

Cualquier tiempo pasado fue anterior

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 14:28


El 17 de noviembre de 1869 Eugenia de Montijo, última emperatriz de Francia por su matrimonio con Napoleón II inauguró oficialmente el Canal de Suéz. Por Nieves Concostrina.

C dans l'air
QATAR : LE MONDIAL ET LE MALAISE – 15/11/22

C dans l'air

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 15, 2022 61:47


EXPERTS PASCAL BONIFACE Directeur de l'IRIS Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques Philippe DESSERTINE Directeur de l'Institut de Haute Finance Alfred DE MONTESQUIOU Journaliste, réalisateur Auteur du documentaire « Qatar : au pays des mille et une ruses » Agnès LEVALLOIS Spécialiste du Moyen-Orient Maître de recherche à la Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (FRS) A quelques jours de l'ouverture de la Coupe du monde de football, le 20 novembre prochain, dans le stade d'Al-Khor, au Qatar, un sentiment de malaise gagne de nombreux pays européens, notamment la France. Dans les médias et sur les réseaux sociaux, les appels au boycott n'ont jamais été aussi nombreux et le débat enfle sur l'opportunité ou non de regarder la compétition. En cause : les conditions de travail infligées aux ouvriers ayant bâti les infrastructures du tournoi. Entre les rémunérations dérisoires et les conditions de survie – sous-alimentation, manque de soins, cadence de travail démesurée – le bilan est terrible. Une enquête menée par le journal britannique The Guardian fait état de près de 6 500 travailleurs étrangers décédés, un nombre sans précédent qui établit son organisation comme la plus meurtrière de l'histoire. A cela s'ajoutent la facture carbone de la compétition avec huit stades climatisés, dont sept sont à ciel ouvert, des avions qui feront office de navettes pour amener les supporters, une consommation d'eau démentielle pour entretenir les pelouses au milieu du désert, mais aussi le traitement des femmes et des personnes LGBT + et les soupçons d'achat de voix, en 2010, lors du vote de la Fédération internationale de football (FIFA). A quelques jours du coup d'envoi, l'heure n'est pas à la fête. La plupart des villes du pays ont renoncé à toute retransmission à grande échelle et de nombreux fans de football s'interrogent sur l'attitude à adopter : faut-il boycotter pour « faire passer un message » ou se rendre au Qatar pour « voir par soi-même » ? Ce week-end, plusieurs groupes de supporters, ont tranché, affichant dans les stades, en France et en Allemagne, leur position contre le Qatar, banderoles à l'appui. Quand du côté des équipes, là aussi, la Coupe du monde n'a pas fini de générer crispations et débat. Ainsi, les joueurs du Danemark avaient annoncé porter un maillot d'entraînement floqué de l'inscription Humain rights for all (droits humains pour tous). Mais la FIFA (qui organise la Coupe du monde) a refusé cette requête. Les joueurs allemands ont, eux, débarqué hier à Doha dans un avion repeint pour l'occasion. Sur le fuselage, on pouvait lire l'inscription Diversity wins (la diversité gagne). Les jours des Pays-Bas et de l'Angleterre ont indiqué qu'ils iront jeudi à la rencontre des travailleurs migrants qui ont participé à l'organisation de cette Coupe du monde. Les Bleus ont aussi décidé de faire « quelque chose » pour défendre les droits humains a expliqué le capitaine de l'équipe de France, avant de s'envoler pour le Qatar. Néanmoins, malgré la pression médiatique et citoyenne actuelle, aucune sélection n'a renoncé au Mondial pour protester contre le non-respect des droits humains au Qatar. Point de boycott n'ont plus du côté de l'Elysée. Le président de la République Emmanuel Macron a fait savoir qu'il se rendra au Qatar si les Bleus arrivent en finale ou en demi-finales. Il y a quatre ans, lors de la Coupe du Monde en Russie, le chef de l'Etat avait conditionné sa venue à la même condition. Derrière ce moment de crispation dans l'Hexagone, il y a toutefois cinquante années d'histoire partagée entre la France et le Qatar : contrats gaziers, accord de défense, vente d'armes, investissements immobiliers, rachat du PSG et entrée au capital des fleurons du CAC 40 comme Vinci, Total, Suez ou Airbus. La France est le deuxième pays européen dans lequel le Qatar investit le plus, à égalité avec l'Allemagne et derrière le Royaume-Uni. Alors faut-il boycotter la Coupe du monde de football ? Pourquoi le Qatar est-il déjà champion des critiques ? Quels sont les liens économiques entre la France et le Qatar ? Quel est l'état des relations diplomatiques entre Paris et Doha ? DIFFUSION : du lundi au samedi à 17h45FORMAT : 65 minutes PRÉSENTATION : Caroline Roux - Axel de Tarlé REDIFFUSION : du lundi au vendredi vers 23h40 RÉALISATION : Nicolas Ferraro, Bruno Piney, Franck Broqua, Alexandre Langeard, Corentin Son, Benoît Lemoine PRODUCTION : France Télévisions / Maximal Productions Retrouvez C DANS L'AIR sur internet & les réseaux : INTERNET : francetv.fr FACEBOOK : https://www.facebook.com/Cdanslairf5 TWITTER : https://twitter.com/cdanslair INSTAGRAM : https://www.instagram.com/cdanslair/

Choses à Savoir HISTOIRE
Qu'est-ce que la Crise de Fachoda ?

Choses à Savoir HISTOIRE

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 7, 2022 2:34


La crise de Fachoda, en 1898, survient dans un climat de tension entre la France et le Royaume-Uni, sur fond de rivalités coloniales en Afrique. En premier lieu, les deux pays essaient de s'implanter en Égypte. Pour l'Angleterre, la mise en tutelle de ce pays est un objectif essentiel, car il se trouve sur la fameuse route des Indes, artère vitale de la puissance coloniale britannique. Mais, depuis la campagne d'Égypte de Bonaparte, en 1798, et la création du canal de Suez par Ferdinand de Lesseps, en 1869, la France y a aussi des intérêts. Mais cette rivalité coloniale se nourrit aussi de la confrontation entre deux projets concurrents. En effet, l'Angleterre tient avant tout à sécuriser la route Le Cap-Le Caire, principale voie d'accès aux Indes, tandis que la France ambitionne de relier Dakar, sur la côte atlantique, à Djibouti, sur la mer Rouge. C'est dans le contexte de cette rivalité coloniale entre les deux pays qu'éclate la crise de Fachoda. Cette localité se trouve au Soudan, aujourd'hui le Soudan du Sud. En 1896, l'armée confie au capitaine Marchand la mission de relier l'Atlantique à la mer Rouge. Il s'agit aussi de prendre de vitesse les Anglais et d'arriver avant eux sur le Haut-Nil, pour y installer la présence française. La mission Marchand part du Sénégal en octobre 1896 et, durant deux ans, chemine en Afrique dans des conditions très difficiles. Elle parvient à Fachoda en juillet 1898 et s'y retranche. Mais, au même moment, le maréchal Kitchener, commandant en chef de l'armée d'Égypte, arrive aussi à Fachoda. Il vient de battre les mahdistes, qui menaçaient le Soudan, à la bataille d'Omdourman, en septembre 1898. Pour les Anglais, il n'était pas question de laisser les Français occuper une position stratégique sur la route des Indes. Aussi les somment-ils de quitter Fachoda. Le gouvernement français refuse d'abord, puis, le 7 novembre 1898, cède à l'ultimatum britannique. La crainte d'un conflit ouvert entre les deux pays, alimentée par la présence de l'armée de Kitchener, avait été la plus forte. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Kings and Generals: History for our Future
3.20 Fall and Rise of China: Second Opium War #2: Lord Elgin's Reluctant War

Kings and Generals: History for our Future

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 31, 2022 37:52


Last time we spoke Rear Admiral Seymour took the charge as he waged war first on the city of Canton to hunt down the seemingly tyrannical Ye Mingchen. Seymour took the city quickly and with ease, but knew he had no way to hold onto it so he opted to start capturing all the forts he could along the riverways. Meanwhile back in Britain, the politicians were raging over the entire conflict and what was to be the best course of action. The Torries and Whigs fought another to use the issue for their own interests and it seems the Torries might be successful at thwarting the need for another war with China, but not if the Whigs had anything to say about it. Now a new figure will come to the forefront to be placed in charge of the China issue and it will consume his life. Welcome to the Fall and Rise of China Podcast, I am your dutiful host Craig Watson. But, before we start I want to also remind you this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Perhaps you want to learn more about the history of Asia? Kings and Generals have an assortment of episodes on history of asia and much more  so go give them a look over on Youtube. So please subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry for some more history related content, over on my channel, the Pacific War Channel where I cover the history of China and Japan from the 19th century until the end of the Pacific War. #20 This episode is Part 2 of the Second Opium War: Lord Elgin's reluctant War Now outside parliament, the British public was in a jingoistic mood after winning the Crimean War. Palmerston began to appeal to the masses on the basis of patriotism. Meanwhile the Prime Minister decided to appoint a plenipotentiary to carry out negotiations with the Qing court. The Duke of Newcastle was Palmerstons first choice, but he rejected the job as he knew it would be a thankless one and would earn him no favors. On March 13th, in the middle of a general election, Palmerston announced a new appointment for the new envoy to China. It was the popular Scotsman, former governor of Jamaica and British North America, James Bruce the Earl of Elgin, a direct descendant of Robert the Bruce. Lord Elgin was the son of a famous antiquarian who had notoriously preserved or better said vandalized, if you're Greek, parts of Ancient Athens by shipping them back to Britain. Yes the British museum issue. Elgin also sold these pieces of history in question to the British Museum at around 35,000 pounds in 1816 before going bankrupt and leaving England in exile to escape creditors. So yeah daddy was not a good person so to say. Ironically Elgin's fathers actions would haunt him in this story, because he would perform a heinous act on a similar level. During the 3 day voting period that began on March 28th of 1857, the Whigs managed to return to office with a landslide victory. Turns out Palmerston had won the public over, alongside the Queen and now parliament.  The day before Palmerston named Elgin the plenipotentiary to China, Elgin wrote to his wife “My Dearest, I have had a note from [Palmerston] followed by an interview. The proposal is to undertake a special mission of a few months' duration to settle the important and difficult question now embarrassing us in the East and concentrating the attention of all the world. On what grounds can I decline? Not on political grounds for however opposed I might be to the Govt. that would be a reason to prevent them from making the offer, but not me from accepting it. The very mission of a Plenipotentiary is an admission that there are errors of policy to be repaired.” Elgin's wife responded “Dearest, it was unexpected but if your conscience and feelings tell you to say yes I would not for the world dissuade you. God bless you my own darling. I promise you to do my best not to distress you. Forgive me if I can't write more today. Your own ever Mary.” Now Lord Elgin had a very impressive career, as I said he had been the governor of Jamaica and the governor-general of British North America, I live in quebec and he is quite the figure here. There is a statue of him in front of the Quebec parliament building. Lord Elgin attempted to establish responsible government to Canada, wrestled issues of immigration to Canada and took a surprising stance during a French English conflict. You see there were rebellions in what was then Upper and Lower Canada over various colonial issues. Lord Elgin ended up compensating French Canadians who had suffered during the rebellions and this greatly pissed off his British colleagues. On top of that Elgin invited the leader of the lower Canada revolt, Papineau to dine with him at the governor-generals residence in Canada. An English mob began burning parliament buildings in montreal, Elgin was assaulted, but instead of calling in the military, Elgin got his family to safety and allowed civil authorities to restore order. Anyways Elgin did a lot in Canada such as setting up economic treaties with the US and such, he is a large figure in my countries history, though I'd argue not many Canadians are even aware of him haha. Canadian history can be, the best way to put it, a bit boring. Now back to the story at hand, Lord Elgin was a very well regarded figure for his capabilities and royal blood. But he also held a ton of debt from his father, the Greek artifact plunderer. Elgin was notably not xenophobic in a time when many British were. Elgin spoke English and French and was a highly educated man. The day before Elgin set off for China he was given detailed instructions from Lord Clarendon. Clarendon ordered Elgin that under no circumstance was he to try and retake Canton, a tall order since Bowring and Seymour were literally trying to do just that. Clarendon stated he was to acquire the right for Britain to send an ambassador to Beijing to conduct and direct negotiations with the Qing imperial court. He was to demand the opening of new ports of trade and to force the Qing government to adhere to the terms of the treaty of Nanjing. Military force was to be only a last resort if the Emperor refused and Elgin was urged to contain the military action to naval attacks only to save British lives. Elgin had his own demand, he wanted the British military forces in China to be under his sole command. Britain ended up giving Elgin joint command alongside Lt Generals Ashburnham and Seymour who could decide when and where to attack. Elgin made record time journeying to China by riding on the brand new railroad that cut across the Isthmus of Suez. From Suez he took a ship, rounding the coast of India in late May. Elgin came across troops who had been summoned from Bombay and Calcutta. Interesting side note, in May, Sepoy's, those being Indian troops of the East India Company Army, stationed in Meerut performed a mutiny. They had refused to follow orders from the British officers and on May 10th, an entire garrison killed their officers, their families and any Europeans in the vicinity. Word spread of the mutiny resulting in similar outbreaks amongst other sepoy units. Within just a few days there was a widespread rebellion as some Indian prince joined, rallying against the British Raj. Northern India was ablaze with bloodshed and it looked like Britain was at threat of losing its greatest colony. Elgin arrived in Singapore on June 3rd where he was met with two letters from Lord Canning the governor general of india. The letters told Elgin the dire news and begged him to divert troops assigned to the China mission to come help in India. Canning was an old classmate of Elgin and said “If you send me troops they shall not be kept one hour more than is absolutely needed.” Elgin had no time to consult with Plamerston or Clarendon, as it would take 2 months to get word back to London. Without hesitation Elgin diverted 1700 men of the 90th regiment from Mauritius to help quell the rebellion. I obviously cant go into the Indian Rebellion of 1857, but just want to say if you get a chance do learnt about it, an absolutely horrible event. Around 150,000 Indians were killed in the rebellion with 100,000 of them being civilians. The British suffered around 6000 troops and 40,000 civilians killed. The British forces performed massacres and numerous atrocities in places like Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow and Allahabad. On top of the war deaths, it is estimated up to a possible 800,000 Indians would die from famine and disease as well. A truly horrible event.  Back to Elgin, he faced a period in Singapore where he had to await some troops from India to come over to China and during this period he began to study the China situation. Elgin visited an opium den in Singapore to witness the evil effects of the drug firsthand. He wrote this to his wife about the experience  “They are wretched, dark places with little lamps. The opium looks like treacle, and the smokers are haggard and stupefied, except at the moment of inhaling, when an unnatural brightness sparkles from their eyes,” As a result of dispatching men to India to help Canning, Elgin now had to go to China aboard a single ship, the Shannon without any troops. He arrived in Hong Kong on July 2nd of 1857 and was welcomed warmly by the Chinese. Seymour was not all too pleased to find Elgin arriving without any troops. Seymour soon pressed Elgin to form an attack on Canton, handing to him a petition signed by 85 British opium merchants who all believed if Canton fell to the British, the Emperor would have to capitulate to all of their demands. Elgin did not give in to the pressure, though he also did not have the troops to carry out the task regardless.  Elgin then began to brush shoulders with Harry Parkes and they did not get off on the right foot. Parks said of Elgin  “He may be a man that suits the government well, very cautious, having ever before him [placating] Parliament, the world, the public, etc.” Parkes soon began a campaign against Elgin by sending a ton of letters back home criticizing Elgin for what he called “too generous a treatment of the Chinese”. As warhawkish as Seymour and Parkes could be, it was Bowring who really brought the heat. Bowring felt demoted by Elgin's new position and began to work behind the scenes to bring Elgin down. Bowring also began to lecture Elgin on the imperative for  full scale military action against Canton. “There is quite an explosion of public opinion as to the fatal mistake which would be committed by any movement upon Peking until the Cantonese question is settled. Many think such a movement might imperil the whole trade of China. I am quite of the opinion that any action which refers the Canton question to the Emperor would be a most injurious and embarrassing step.” Elgin for the most part ignored Bowring and opted instead for negotiations as were his instructions. Elgin also shared a concern it seems the other men did not, Elgin worried about tearing China apart. Elgin did not want to topple the Manchu rulers of China and throw the nation into some Balkanization hellscape which would only make things harder for Britain to deal with. The Taiping and their talk of banning private property scared Elgin, who knew Britain's trade would be hurt by such rule. In the end Elgin did not wait for his reinforcements from India, he instead went to India himself. Elgin gathered a small force of 400 marines and sailors aboard the 55 gun ship Shannon and sailed for Calcutta. Elgin made it to Calcutta on June 14th where he found the city abandoned by its European residents. Turned out there was a rumor the Sepoy's were going to march into the city to slaughter the Europeans so they all fled, the rumor proved to be false however. Elgin was mortified by the situation in India. He was lambasted with horror stories of sexual atrocities committed against British subjects and mass hangings in reprisal. One Major Renard, ordered the execution of 12 Indians for allegedly turning their faces the wrong way as Renards troops marched past them. That same Major also allegedly burnt down every Indian village he passed and hung 42 villagers along the way. Elgin sent a letter back to his wife  “I have seldom from man or woman since I came to the East heard a sentence that was reconcilable with the hypothesis that Christianity had come into the world. Detestation, contempt, ferocity, vengeance, whether Chinamen or Indians be the object.” Elgin hopped aboard the steamship Ava on september 20th to return to China. Back in China, Bowring had taken advantage of Elgin's trip by making overtures to Ye Mingchen in violation of Britain's instructions that the Chinese viceroy should only deal with Elgin. When Elgin found out and confronted Bowring, Bowring simply denied it. A month after Elgin had arrived to China, his French counterpart arrived, Baron Gros. The French aristocrat quickly began to share Elgin's hatred for Bowring upon meeting the man. Gros and Elgin both agreed to disagree with Bowring's ideas from the offset. Gros and Elgin agreed the response to the arsenic bakery debacle and the murder of Father Chapedelaine, would be a well coordinated, measured and hopefully light on military deaths. Gros advocated for an attack upon Beijing, while Elgin urged for negotiation. However, foreign minister Clarendon chose another option. Clarendon sent Elgin a letter on October 14th supporting Bowrings ideas. Winter was fast approaching, and the Bei He River, the gateway to Beijing would be frozen before an allied army could reach the city gates. Thus Clarendon advocated for an attack on Canton. Elgin was forced to allow Bowring to take the lead. In november, William Reed, the new American Minister showed up aboard the 55 gun steamship Minnesota. Reed was instructed by his government that America would remain neutral in the inevitable conflict. Russia's emissary, Count Euphemius Putiatin also arrived in november aboard the Amerika. Putiatin brought with him a proposal for China, if the emperor would give Manchuria to the Russians, the Tsar would help the Qing stamp out the Taiping Rebels once and for all. So each of the 4 nations brought their representatives looking to strike a deal with the Qing dynasty. In December of 1857, 3 ships carrying 2000 British soldiers from Calcutta sailed into Canton's harbor followed by a French fleet led by Admiral Rigault de Genouilly. Elgin and Gros sent Ye Mingchen separate ultimatums. France demanded the murderers of Father Chapedelaine to be brought to justice, reparations and permission to operate unrestricted in Canton. Britain demanded compliance with the terms of the treaty of Nanjing; a permanent British ambassador in Beijing; and unspecified reparations for the loss of life and property. Elgin felt his demands were reasonable, but also knew full well they were unacceptable for the Emperor. Ye Mingchen believed the demands to be mere posturing rather than actual threats. He did not have the authority to satisfy the British and French ultimata. So he did nothing…well nothing is a strong word he actually began spending his time by beheading 400 Taiping and placed their heads on spikes atop Cantons walls. It seems perhaps Ye believed such actions would scare off the foreigners, because he had no real army or navy to back him up. Well his brutality against the Taiping sure backfired. The British enlisted 700 really enraged Hakka to man the artillery at the Dutch Folly which was across the Pearl River near the foreign factories. Hakka if you remember made up some of the Taiping ranks as they were a persecuted ethnic minority in Guangxi province. 8 British and 4 French steamships arrived to the scene to add extra military might.  Ye Mingchen replied to the British and French in separate letters. To the British Ye stated, that in 1850 Sir George Bonham had agreed to give up access to Canton to avoid a war with the Qing dynasty. Ye heard that Bonham was given the Order of Bath and perhaps if Elgin did likewise he could also receive such a title. Ye was not aware that the title of Earl was high than that of Sir, but give the guy some credit for doing some homework on the foreign advisory. As for the treaty of Nanjing, Ye simply stated the Emperor declared the terms would be held inviolate for 10 millennium, it would be suicide to go against the Emperor. Ye sent a similar letter to the French and while he made these rather coy and cheeky remarks he did not seem to grasp the very real war threat going on. It may have been because he was too distracted by the Taiping rebellion, which to be brutally honest was a much more pressing concern, regardless Ye lacked any real strategy with how to deal with the foreign threat. When the British and French landed on Henan island, opposite of Canton of December 15th, Ye apparently made no move. The British and French disembarked without any resistance and found the strategic island undefended and without fortification. 200 Chinese war junks and sampans near Henan island fled as soon as the British and French had arrived.  On December 21st, Elgin, Gros and Putiatin had a talk aboard the French flagship Audacieuse. They all agreed to give Ye Mingchen one more chance before the shelling of Canton began. They sent Ye a 2 day deadline to meet their demands. As they waited Elgin wrote in his diary “Canton the great city doomed I fear to destruction by the folly of its own rulers and the vanity and levity of ours.” While they waited for 2 days, Elgin and Gros discussed military organization. Admiral Seymour and Rigault would command sea forces, while land troops would be commanded by General Ashburnham. On paper the invaders seemed to be completely out gunned. Canton's 6 mile wall circumference was 25 feet high and 20 feet wide. The allied force amounted to 800 men of the Indian Royal Sappers and Miners and the British 59th regiment of Foot, 2100 Royal marines, 1829 men of a British naval brigade and 950 men of the French Navy. The Qing forces were 30,000 strong at Canton, they were outnumbered 5 to 1. The Europeans did have one major tactical advantage however. The European ship born artillery had superior range and firepower compared to Cantons gun and their position on Henan island was within shelling distance of Canton.  On December 22nd, Ye's deadline ran out, but Elgin and Gros hesitated. On December 24th, perhaps because it was so close to Christmas they decided to give the Viceroy another 3 days to accept their terms, but Ye did not respond. On the evening of the 27th, the Europeans sent a reconnaissance team ashore a mile from the city's walls. On the morning of the 28th, the Anglo-Franco armada began shelling the city with artillery support from Henan. The bombardment went on for an entire day and on top of the shells, the europeans also fired incendiary rockets. It is alleged the Qing defenders only tossed back 2 shells. It is estimated the Chinese suffered almost 200 casualties to the shelling, while the incendiary rockets lit parts of Canton ablaze.While the day long shelling was raging on, 500 British and French forces landed and made their way through some rice paddies and came across a cemetery. At the cemetery Qing soldiers were taking up positions behind tombstones. Many of the Qing soldiers were armed with an 18th century weapon known as a Jingall. Now if you have a chance to google these, please do because they are comical to say the least. Its a muzzle loaded giant musket, the barrel is around 60 inches. Usually these were mount on walls, but they could be placed on tipods or on the shoulder of a comrade while you shoot it. Picture a comically big musket and thats basically what it looks like. In the west we call them “wall guns”, anyways they are extremely impractical. So for the Qing it took at minimum 2 men to fire one Jingall and usually when they fired them, the kick back knocked the men to the ground which provided quite the slapstick humor for the Europeans witnessing it. Many of the Qing soldiers also fired bow and arrow alongside some firelock muskets. On the other side, the British and French were using 19th century rifles, such as the British Enfield Rifle and French Minie rifle. Basically it was like Mike Tyson fighting an infant. The Europeans began to take up positions behind tombstones similar to the Qing. During the night the european formed an HQ in a temple on the cemetery grounds and apparently did nothing while some of their soldiers began to ransack the cemetery's statuaries thinking they would find gems or gold inside them. Dawn of the next day, the Europeans woke up to a shocking sight. On the hills behind Canton emerged 1500 Qing soldiers. The Qing soldiers had fled the battle to go atop the hill and were simply staring at the Europeans like they were watching a sports game. It seems Ye's brutality had caused a lot of dissatisfaction amongst the local populace and this resulted in quite the lackluster will to fight. At 9am Admiral Rigault personally led French troops towards the walls of canton carrying scaling ladders. The defenders on top of the walls provided little resistance, while some Chinese artillery on some nearby hills tried to shell the invaders. By 10am British and French flags were flying from the 5 story Pagoda near the walls. Alongside the wall climbing, the British stormed the East Gate of the city with ease. Over 4700 British, Indian alongside 950 French troops scaled the walls in total. Seymour and Rigault had stopped the shelling to allow the troops to get atop the walls and began to fire again, but Elgin quickly forced them to stop deeming it overkill. The death toll was incredibly lopsided, the French reported 3 men dead and 30 wounded, the British reported 13 men dead with around 83 wounded. The Qing suffered upto a possible 650 casualties. The allies set to work hunting Ye Mingchen who they believed was still hiding in the city. Ye's second in command Pih-kwei came out suddenly making a proclamation that he would no longer associate himself with Ye Mingchen nor his disastrous policies. On New Years day, Elgin made a tour of Canton and noticed a lack of resistance, confirming to himself he made the right decision to halt the shelling. Then Elgin witnessed large scale looting. Elgin's private secretary Laurence Oliphant noted “While honest Jack was flourishing down the street with a broad grin of triumph on his face, a bowl of goldfish under one arm and a cage of canary-birds under the other, honest Jean, with a demure countenance and no external display, was conveying his well-lined pockets to the waterside.” It seemed the French preferred to grab cash while the British sought out souvenirs. Elgin feared losing control of the men and ordered them to all stop looting, but he had no authority for the French forces. Upon seeing that the French were not halting their looting, the British soldiers soon rejoined the plundering spree. Elgin lamented the situation in his diary “My difficulty has been to prevent the wretched Cantonese from being plundered and bullied. There is a [Hindi] word called ‘loot' which gives unfortunately a venial character to what would, in common English, be styled robbery. Add to this that there is no flogging in the French Army, so that it is impossible to punish men committing this class of offenses.” The son of Howqua and other Cohong merchants began to petition Elgin to do something to restore order and stop the plunder and destruction of Canton. Within mere days of the city's occupation, 90% of its inhabitants fled the city. One thing Elgin did not seem to mind though was “official expropriations” and sent one Colonel Lemon with a few Royal marines to Canton's treasury where they seized 52 boxes of silver, 68 boxes of gold ingots and over a millions dollars worth in silver taels. This “legal plunder” wink wink, was put aboard the HMS Calcutta and sent post haste to India. After all, the war had to be paid for.  On January 5th, over 8000 British and French marched through the gates of Canton unopposed. Harry Parkes grabbed a squad of 100 Royal Marines and rushed over to Ye Mingchens residence armed with a miniature of the man to identify him. This was quite the smart move, because many of Ye Mingchen's subordinates had attempted to pass themselves off as the viceroy to protect him. Well the tactic provided results as they caught Ye as he was trying to climb over the rear wall of his residence. A marine seized Ye by his queue and dragged the man to a sedan chair enclosed with bars to humiliate him. The tiny prison was put aboard the steamship Inflexible to an audience of Europeans and many Hakka, including Taiping rebels who taunted the disgraced viceroy by making the slashing throat gesture. When the marines searching Ye's residence they came across his letters back to the Qing court, giving them a ton of insight into how the Qing worked. That same day, Elgin and Gross named Ye's second in command, Pih-Kwei the new governor of Canton, but he would be advised by the triumvirate of Parkes, Captain Martineau and Colonel Holloway. The 3 real powers behind Pih-Kwei were granted control of judiciary, and to vet edicts before they were promulgated. Each man spoke Chinese and would report to Clarendon. Elgin wrote to Clarendon to explain the situation “If Pih-kwei was removed or harshly dealt with we should be called upon to govern a city containing many hundred thousand inhabitants with hardly any means of communicating with the people.” The Europeans also created a police force for Canton to stop all the looting and restore confidence in the once great commercial city. Howqua, his son and the other Cohong merchants found the new situation with the Europeans a far better deal than what would occur if the Taiping took Canton. Pih-Kwei received secret instructions from Beijing on January 27th, ordering him to organize an army of civilians and kick the invaders out. He also received orders from Seymour to hand over 17 Chinese war junks to help fight off a Taiping fleet obstructing the Pearl River. On the 28th, 2 french warships, the Fusee and Mitraille both shelled Ye's residence to further Ye's punishment. Ye's subordinates made attempts to rescue him from his prison, so Elgin sent Ye into exile to Calcutta on February 20th. In Calcutta Ye lived under house arrest for a year until he starved himself to death. Back over in Canton, the 70th Sepoy regiment arrived in March to reinforce Canton's garrison. The Sepoys were delighted when they found out 200 Chinese servants were assigned to them as they had been dealing with a lot of racism. Notably the British called them the N word and the French killed 3 Sepoys claiming they were looting. No Europeans were ever shot for looting in Canton. Elgin, Seymour and Gross then took a naval squadron up north towards the mouth of the Bei He River by April 24th. The British, French and Russian plenipotentiaries sent a joint communique to the governor of Zhili province, Tan. Elgin, ever the pacifist, tried to negotiate a way out of further bloodshed writing to Tan to see if they could meet a minister duly authorized by Emperor Xianfeng. Tan performed the standard Chinese response, by stalling and claiming he didn't have the power to negotiate with them. Apparently in his letter response, he used larger characters for the Emperor than that of Queen Victoria which infuriated the British as it was yet again in violation of the terms to the treaty of Nanjing, that both nations be considered equal. Ironically if you think about it, the British and Qing were both so uptight about such status symbols and such. Tan sent another letter that indicated the Chinese position was shifting somewhat, iit offer some negotiation, opened some ports, granted religious freedom to Christians and agreed to pay reparations for the foreign factories being destroyed in 1856. Tan also said he passed on the Europeans request for an embassy in Beijing to the Emperor. What he did not tell them, was that the Emperor rejected that request outright. Putiatin in an attempt to avoid further bloodshed pleaded with the parties to accept this offer, but allegedly the French Foriegn office replied to him with a smirk “they are only Chinese lives”. On a bit of a side note, a rather remarkable thing occurred on the Russian side of this story at this time. The Archimandrite, named Palladius, something of a spiritual leader to a tiny population of Russians living in Beijing was granted permission by Emperor Xianfeng to visit the European fleet at the end of may. He was forced to travel in a sealed litter. Prior to leaving, Putiatin got word to the man ordering him to gather as much intelligence as he could traveling towards them. Palladius was able to peer through a small crack in the shutter and did his best to get details on the position of the Qing fleet. When Palladius arrived he brought with him great news, apparently Beijing was starving and the rambunctious life of the Emperor was catching up to him. Please note the Emperor was only 30 years old, guy must have really partied it up. Another thing the Emperor was doing was strongly contemplating leaving the country because he was terrified. Meanwhile Elgin's anxiety was being lifted day by day as more warships arrived. By late May, the combined Anglo-French fleet was now 26 gunboats strong, preparing to take on the famous Taku Forts that guarded the mouth of the Bei He River. D-day was to be may 20th and the invaders were just 100 miles away from Beijing. I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me.  The reluctant Elgin had done it, they seized Canton and finally brought Ye Mingchen to British justice. The British French coalition was working its way slowly but surely to straggle Beijing and force its Emperor to abide by their demands.  

Debout les copains !
Ils adorent Louxor !

Debout les copains !

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 27, 2022 82:29


Historiquement Vôtre réunit 3 personnages qui adorent Louxor : “l'inventeur des voyages” Thomas Cook qui a vu dans l'ouverture du Canal de Suez une ouverture vers le tourisme en Egypte, avec la cité étape incontournable de la croisière sur le Nil, Louxor, une ville qu'il a profondément faite changer. Puis lui aussi aimait l'Egypte : le poète mondain Jean Cocteau s'y est rendu, espérant découvrir l'Egypte Antique, ses mythes, ses légendes, ses mystères qui avaient nourri son imaginaire. Mais il a découvert une Egypte plus moderne, trop moderne même ! Et un chanteur qu'on adore et qui adooooore Louxor. Mais son Louxor à lui est un peu moins en Egypte, et plutôt une discothèque de sa jeunesse : Philippe Katerine.

Oxford Bible Church - Living in the Last Days
GALATIANS (24): Mount Sinai in Arabia (Galatians 4:23-29)

Oxford Bible Church - Living in the Last Days

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 21, 2022 55:28


Paul compares the Old Covenant and its children to Hagar and Ishmael, pointing out that by its nature the Old Covenant (Hagar, the bond-slave) gives birth to children of bondage (Ishmael). He strengthens this identification by pointing out that the origin of the Old Covenant, Mount Sinai, is in Arabia, where Hagar and Ishmael settled after being cast out, from whom came the Arabs. Thus it is clear that the real Mount Sinai must be in Saudi Arabia, rather than in the Sinai Peninsula (a late tradition established during the Byzantine Empire). This agrees with earlier Jewish writings, and with other Scriptures, especially those that locate Mount Sinai in the region of Midian. We discuss the location and discovery of the real Mount Sinai and the split Rock, as well as the place of the Red Sea Crossing, pointing out that scriptures that speak of Yam Suph (translated as Red Sea) point to the Gulf of Aqaba, not the Gulf of Suez or its shallow marshy lakes, which means the parting of the waters was indeed a mighty miracle, just as the Bible describes. Although, the New Jerusalem (like Sarah) had been desolate of children (no one was born again before the New Covenant was established), now she is giving birth to an ever-increasing number of children, as Galatians 4:26-27 points out, by quoting a prophecy from Isaiah 54:1. Thus immediately after the classic prophecy of Christ's sacrificial death and resurrection to establish the New Covenant in Isaiah 53, Isaiah 54 describes the wonderful results of His Sacrifice, including the new birth of multitudes of spiritual children in Christ. Finally, we see that, as always, those who are just born according to the flesh (like Ishmael) persecute those who are born according to the Spirit (like Isaac).

Casus Belli Podcast
PROMO 📣 El ALAMEIN - Punto de Inflexión

Casus Belli Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 21, 2022 2:20


PRÓXIMAMENTE - La Segunda Batalla de El Alamein enfrentó a las tropas de la Commonwealth con las german-italianas, por segunda vez, en la zona más estrecha entre el mar y la Depresión de Qattara. La victoria del eje podía dejarles a las puertas de Alejandría y Suez. La victoria aliada podría hacer huir a Rommel hasta Libia. Pero los planes de Monty iban más allá, y su intención era dar un golpe definitivo al Panzerarmee Afrika y al Regio Esercito que les expulsase de África en poco tiempo. Los planes de Rommel estarían subordinados a las circunstancias que él mismo habría creado. Con 🎙 Antonio Muñoz Lorente, 🦕 Antonio Gómez y 👩‍🚀 Dani CarAn. Fecha estimada de publicación: 18/09/22 🛑 Este es un audio de promoción, NO es el episodio completo. Producido por 👨‍🚀 Dani CarAn Casus Belli Podcast pertenece a 🏭 Factoría Casus Belli. Casus Belli Podcast forma parte de 📀 Ivoox Originals. 📚 Zeppelin Books zeppelinbooks.com es un sello editorial de la 🏭 Factoría Casus Belli. 👉https://podcastcasusbelli.com 👉En Facebook, nuestra página es @casusbellipodcast https://www.facebook.com/CasusBelliPodcast 👉En Instagram estamos como @casusbellipodcast https://www.instagram.com/casusbellipodcast 👉En Twitter estamos como @casusbellipod @CasusBelliPod 👉Telegram, nuestro canal es @casusbellipodcast https://t.me/casusbellipodcast 👨‍💻Nuestro chat del canal es https://t.me/aviones10 ⚛️ El logotipo de Carros 10 y de la Factoría Casus Belli están diseñados por Publicidad Fabián publicidadfabian@yahoo.es 🎵 La música incluida en el programa es Ready for the war de Marc Corominas Pujadó bajo licencia CC. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/ El resto de música es bajo licencia privada de Epidemic Music, Jamendo Music o SGAE. de Ivoox. 📧¿Queréis contarnos algo? También puedes escribirnos a casus.belli.pod@gmail.com Si te ha gustado, y crees que nos lo merecemos, nos sirve mucho que nos des un like, ya que nos da mucha visibilidad. Muchas gracias por escucharnos, y hasta la próxima. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

Fundação (FFMS) - [IN] Pertinente
EP 80 | POLÍTICA | O Tal Canal: de Veneza ao Panamá

Fundação (FFMS) - [IN] Pertinente

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 13, 2022 45:29


Há canais que mudaram o mundo e que também nos ajudaram a mudar o mundo. Três deles tiveram uma influência decisiva na política: estamos obviamente a referir-nos aos canais que nasceram em Veneza, no Egipto e no Panamá.Neste episódio, Raquel Vaz-Pinto e Pedro Vieira prestam homenagem ao ‘O Tal Canal', um programa que fez história na televisão portuguesa, e usam-no como ponto de partida. A viagem começa em Veneza, cidade onde nasceu a ‘primeira economia virtual' e de onde um homem, chamado Enrico Dandolo, tornou Itália dona de outros mundos atravessando o mar (e criando um mar de sangue pelo caminho). O Egipto é o destino que se segue, com Napoleão a mapear o país e a ópera Aida a ser encomendada para inaugurar o Canal do Suez. A última paragem, mais conturbada, é no Panamá, país tornado independente pela ‘influência' dos americanos e onde se construiu o tão famoso Canal, graças à habilidade de um presidente chamado Theodore Roosevelt. REFERÊNCIAS E LINKS ÚTEIS:Parting the Desert, the creation of the Suez Canal, Zachary KarabellThe Path between the Seas, David McCulloughCity of Fortune, Roger Crowley BIOSRAQUEL VAZ-PINTO É Investigadora do Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais (IPRI) da Universidade Nova de Lisboa e Prof. Auxiliar Convidada da Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da mesma Universidade, onde lecciona a disciplina de Estudos Asiáticos. Foi Presidente da Associação Portuguesa de Ciência Política de 2012 a 2016. Autora de vários artigos e livros entre os quais A Grande Muralha e o Legado de Tiananmen, a China e os Direitos Humanos editado pela Tinta-da-China e Os Portugueses e o Mundo editado pela Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos. Os seus interesses de investigação são Política Externa e Estratégia Chinesa; os EUA e o Indo- Pacífico; a Europa e o Mundo; e Liderança e Estratégia. É comentadora residente da rádio TSF. É membro da Comissão Cientifica do Fórum Futuro e consultora da Administração da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. PEDRO VIEIRA Pedro Vieira nasceu em Lisboa, em 1975. Licenciado pela Escola Superior de Comunicação Social, trabalhou no Canal Q das Produções Fictícias e é, atualmente, guionista e pivô do programa O Último Apaga a Luz da RTP3. É responsável pela Comunicação do Cinema São Jorge e foi consultor de Comunicação na Booktailors. Trabalha como ilustrador freelancer e escreve livros como se não houvesse amanhã. 

The POWER Business Show
SUEZ together with Royal Bafokeng Holdings and African Infrastructure Investment Managers acquire EnviroServ:

The POWER Business Show

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022 7:32


Sifiso Skenjana talks through SUEZ together with Royal Bafokeng Holdings and African Infrastructure Investment Managers acquiring with EnviroServ with SUEZ CEO of the BU Hazardous Waste & SVP Performance, Stéphane Heddesheimer.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Good Morning Business
Sabrina Soussan, PDG de Suez - 28/09

Good Morning Business

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 28, 2022 8:24


Sabrina Soussan, PDG de Suez, était l'invité de Christophe Jakubyszyn dans Good Morning Business, ce mercredi 28 septembre. Ils sont revenus sur le plan stratégique dans le volet de l'environnement et le rachat à Veolia de son activité déchet au Royaume-Uni, sur BFM Business. Retrouvez l'émission du lundi au vendredi et réécoutez la en podcast.

Good Morning Business
L'intégrale de Good Morning Business du mercredi 28 septembre

Good Morning Business

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 28, 2022 134:13


Ce mercredi 28 septembre, Laure Closier et Christophe Jakubyszyn ont reçu Sabrina Soussan, PDG de Suez, Eliott Jabès, président de Stockly, Maya Noël, directrice générale de France Digitale, et Gabriel Attal, ministre délégué en charge des Comptes publics, dans l'émission Good Morning Business sur BFM Business. Retrouvez l'émission du lundi au vendredi et réécoutez la en podcast.

Anchored by Truth from Crystal Sea Books - a 30 minute show exploring the grand Biblical saga of creation, fall, and redempti

Episode 179 – 10 Facts Every Christian Needs to Know 7 – Declining Narratives Welcome to Anchored by Truth brought to you by Crystal Sea Books. In John 14:6, Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life.” The goal of Anchored by Truth is to encourage everyone to grow in the Christian faith by anchoring themselves to the secure truth found in the inspired, inerrant, and infallible word of God. Script: They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our ancestors died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.” 2 Peter, chapter 3, verse 4, New International Version ******** VK: Hello! I’m Victoria K. Welcome to Anchored by Truth brought to you by Crystal Sea Books. We’re very glad to be with you today as we continue the series we started a few weeks ago on Anchored by Truth. We are calling this series “10 Facts Every Christian Needs to Know.” In the studio today we have RD Fierro. RD is an author and the founder of Crystal Sea Books. So far we have covered 5 of the 10 facts and we have done that over 6 episodes. RD, let’s do a quick review of the first 5 facts and maybe take a quick look at where we are and where we’re going. RD: Well, I would also like to say hello to all the listeners joining us here today. I do think it is a good idea for us to do a status check at this point because I think that this is one of the most important series that we’ve ever done on Anchored by Truth. VK: Why is that? RD: Well, to say our society is in a mess today probably a bit of an understatement. I don’t want to spend too much time listing the litany of social and cultural issues that are afflicting us because they are apparent and well known. But one of my observations has been for a long time is that while we normally talk about economic problems, social problems, health problems, political problems, etc. – all of those really stem from a spiritual problem. And the heart of that spiritual problem is people turning away from the only source of truth and light that can make a difference in the human heart – the Bible. Over the last 75 years or more there has been a steady decline in the United States and in just about all western cultures in Biblical literacy. Most surveys tell us that far less than 10% of Americans have any real depth of knowledge about the Bible. VK: And you believe that one reason for that is that today in America and the west most people have come to regard the Bible as either being only partially true at best and outright myth and fairy tale at worst? And part of what has caused this profound doubt is the counter Biblical narratives that have arisen over the last 150 plus years. These counter Biblical narratives have become so deeply embedded in our society that the counter narratives hold much greater sway over our population than the transcendent truth of the Bible. And so far we have talked about an unholy trinity of those narratives: Deep Time, uniformitarianism, and evolution. Geological uniformitarianism played key role in convincing people like Charles Darwin that the earth was millions or billions of years old. This, in turn, allowed Darwin that to extend those uniformitarian ideas beyond geology to biology which turned into the General Theory of Evolution. So, those three ideas became instrumental in creating widespread doubt or indifference to the Scripture. RD: We pointed out last time that the most prominent atheist of the last 3 or 4 decades is Richard Dawkins. Lest anyone think that this dark, despotic chain of decline … VK: Uh, that’s easy for you to say … dark, despotic chain of decline … RD: … not really. Just so that listeners don’t think I’m being unduly melodramatic even Richard Dawkins has connected Darwin and a lack of faith in God – what I am calling a dark, despotic chain of decline. Dawkins has written that “Although atheism might have been logically tenable before Darwin, Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist.” In other words Dawkins admits that without Darwin, or at least his ideas, someone who wanted to be an atheist was continually confronted with some very troubling question that his belief system couldn’t answer. Without God where did everything come from? Without God who created life? Without God who made a creature so different from all of the other creatures we see about us on the earth? VK: The Bible clearly tells us that “God created the heavens and earth.” The Bible tells us that God created man in His image. And the Bible describes God’s original creative activity as taking place thousands of years ago – not millions or billions. So, to replace God as being necessary to the world as we know it, these counter narratives had to be created, circulated, and adopted. And they were … so successfully, that if anyone dares suggest that the earth is only thousands of years old they are immediately attacked or ridiculed. And you think that this “10 Facts” series is important because it represents the launching point for knocking that unholy trinity of dark, despotic narratives off of their high, exalted perch. RD: Exactly. Right now most of our attention gets focused on what I call secondary narratives. The narratives we notice, such as the prominent social and political narratives, are secondary ones - the acceptability of abortion or same sex marriage, the difference between "green" energy and fossil fuels, increased government control and regulation over our daily lives, etc. The secondary ones emerge from and are dependent on the primary ones. Primary narratives are the overarching paradigms so embedded in the culture that they are not even noticed any more. As we said last time, these primary narratives are like the framed art prints on your wall. Initially you see them and think about them, but as time goes by you notice them less and less. Eventually you only notice them when a visitor comes in and makes a comment about them. Deep time, evolution, and uniformitarianism - among others - are now primary narratives in our culture. Only fools and the suspect disagree with them. VK: So – as we mentioned last time - briefly put Deep Time, along with its close cousin the Big Bang, does away with the need for God as Creator of the universe. The General Theory of Evolution does away with the need for God as the Author of life. Biological uniformitarianism provides the mechanism we need to explain the amazing biodiversity around us and does away with God as Sustainer and Multiplier. And geological uniformitarianism explains why the earth’s surface looks the way it does. And, in doing so, geological uniformitarianism does away with God as the Administrator of justice. The big lesson that came out of the Genesis flood is that if you practice evil continually God will wipe you off the face of the earth. That’s a pretty potent lesson in how seriously God takes sin. The sum of these parts is that we have now done away with any need to acknowledge God since we can explain the universe, life, and the surface of the earth without Him. And … since we've done away with God we now create our own standards for what constitutes "personhood," family, man's dominion over the earth, etc. RD: Right. So, these primary so-called scientific narratives give rise to another primary moral or ethical narrative that I want to spend some time on today – a narrative that is sometimes phrased homo mensura. VK: According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary homo mensura [MEN-SUR-AH] is a doctrine first propounded by the Greek philosopher Protagoras which holds that humankind is the measure of all things. It is sometimes simply stated “as man is the measure.” This means that everything is relative to human apprehension and evaluation, and that there is no objective truth. We’ve talked before on Anchored by Truth that we live in a post-modernistic world that not only denies that we can know absolute truth but also that it even exists. RD: Right. Nature abhors a vacuum. Once we did away with God we had to have something to fill the void so man stepped up and stepped in. So, as you’ve already noted this freed man up to begin to redefine any of the transcendent standards that God had established for man. Man felt free to do away with the Ten Commandments because supposedly science had done away with the Being who sent the commandments down the mountain. VK: The problem is, of course, we didn't do away with God or His truth. And the house built on intellectual sand falls when the river of reality hits it. And we are seeing all around us the reality of what happens with man starts to see himself as, in fact, being the only measure by which all standards should be established or moral or ethical judgments be made. RD: There’s an old saying that “ideas have consequences.” We can now see the consequences these primary narratives have on communities and societies and I think many people are waking up to the fact that they don’t like these consequences. But … and this a big but … these primary narratives are so deeply embedded within our culture we have moved past the point where we can simply dismiss them out of hand. It’s no longer enough just to say, as the old bumper sticker used to read, “The Bible says it. I believe it. End of discussion.” That may be true for many people. They do believe the Bible and that’s great. But when you simply proclaim but fail to “explain” you have given the other person no reason they should accept your proclamation. VK: And even Jesus modeled this approach in providing a witness to the watching world. In the Gospel of John, chapter 14, verse 11 Jesus said, “Believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me. If not, believe because of the things I do.” That’s from the Good News Translation. RD: Right. The predominant result of the primary narratives supposedly coming from science – Deep Time, evolution, uniformitarianism - was to get rid of a perceived need for God. This gave rise to a primary narrative that man was now the highest and only judge for how life was to be lived, how the universe was to be explained, and how the affairs of man were to be governed. So, if we are going to get back to a world in which God’s transcendent truth supplants homo mensura we can’t just dispute the child we must begin to engage the false parent. VK: So in this “10 Facts” series we are challenging the so-called truth of those primary narratives that we supposedly get from science? And we’ve gone through 5 of the 10 facts so far? RD: Right. But rather than moving on to fact 6 today I want to take a little time and give a broader overview of what we are trying to accomplish. With the first 5 of our “10 facts” we have challenged the prevailing view of what might be termed natural history. With the next 5 facts I want to shift from talking just about natural history to talking about human history. I specifically want to talk about how what we know about human history is not only consistent with the Bible but how certain events within human history actually help confirm the Bible’s supernatural origin. VK: We have often said on Anchored by Truth that any book that claims to be the word of God must possess at least attributes. First, the book must be consistent with what we know from making observations about the world around us. And I’ll add that we’re not just talking about observations of the physical universe but also what we know about the history that has preceded us – both natural history and human history. Second, that book would have to give evidence of a supernatural point of origin. These criteria are important. You obviously wouldn’t want to trust a book claiming to come from God that is manifestly inconsistent with observations you can easily make. Why trust a book’s depiction of heaven if you can easily verify it can’t even accurately tell you about earth? Why trust a prophecy about the future if what that book tells you about the past is inaccurate? RD: Yes. So, with our first 5 facts we demonstrated that the natural history related by the Bible is reliable. In saying this we are not trying to turn the Bible into a history or a science textbook. As the Westminster Shorter Catechism puts it, the principle purpose of the Bible is “primarily teach what we are to believe concerning God and what duty God requires of us.” In other words, the purpose of the Bible is to tell us about God and to transmit God’s expectations for us to us. But as the Bible accomplished its purpose it has to necessarily relate observations about the world and the people upon whom it reports. If those observations weren’t accurate we would have valid reasons for not accepting the reliability of the Bible. VK: And, notwithstanding man’s attempts to dispute with the Bible, the observations the Bible reports about natural history are accurate when we are honest with the science and honest with the Bible’s literary constructs. The Bible does contain poetry, allegory, and even romantic poetry. No responsible Bible interpreter tries to construe non-historical sections literally. But one section of the Bible that does contain history is very often maligned. That is the opening chapters of Genesis. The opening chapters of Genesis contain a significant amount of material about natural history. And the point of our first 5 facts was to demonstrate that contrary to current attempt to defame that history, the natural history in the opening chapters of Genesis remains stubbornly accurate. RD: The first fact that we discussed was that every Christian needs to know is that science confirms that the universe and earth are thousands of years old, not millions or billions of years old. This confirms the age of the earth we can calculate from the genealogies in Genesis. The second fact we covered was that the complexity of life makes it impossible for life to have arisen as a result of the random collision of atoms and molecules – even if you could explain the existence of the atoms and molecules to begin with. This confirms the Bible’s record of God creating all life beginning on day 3 of the creation week. Fact number 3 is that there is solid scientific evidence that the tallest mountains on earth were underwater at one time. This confirms the account of a worldwide flood in chapters 6 through 8 of Genesis. VK: The 4th fact we discussed is that the fossil record does not support any kind of gradual development of the many different types of plants and animals we see on earth. Instead, life on earth is fundamentally discontinuous at both a biochemical level as well as at the level of visible morphology. The first fossils we see in the rocks show plants and animals fully formed and functional and even those phyla that are supposedly hundreds of millions of years old so closely resemble their modern counterparts they are easily recognized. The 5th fact we talked about is that the dating methods that are used to assign dates to rocks or fossils all depend on assumptions that are unproved and unprovable. Moreover, those methods have been shown to dramatically misdate certain specimens when we know when a particular sample of rock was formed by volcanic eruption. RD: Right. So, in our first 5 facts we have concentrated on showing that the natural history related by the Bible is entirely reasonable when compared with empirical observations of the world we live on. We now want to turn out attention to showing that Bible is equally reliable when it comes to the facts that it chooses to relate about human history. VK: Can you give us a preview of what we will be talking about? RD: Well, I don’t want to give away too much right now but let me just touch on one subject that will be relevant - geography. Just about every good study Bible has one or more maps as a part of it. VK: I think most people know that. RD: I think they do too. I think they take them for granted. But in taking them for granted what they are unconsciously doing is acknowledging the reliability of the underlying historical text. Remember, that those maps are being produced by modern users of the Bible. None of the Bible writers created maps and inserted them into their scroll, clay tablet, or codex. It’s not that they couldn’t have. Maps have been around for thousands of years. But that wasn’t their purpose. They were simply preparing records or accounts initially for the Jewish nation. But in the course of making their record they described names, dates, and places. Now calendar systems have changed down through history. So, we have to “translate” their dates into the Gregorian calendar that we use today. And names have a certain amount of variation. The same man might be called Richard, Rick, or Dick and no one in our society would think anything about it. The same thing was true in ancient times. King Uzziah was also known as King Azariah. VK: But geographic places don’t change. That doesn’t mean that the boundaries of a particular kingdom or nation won’t vary over time. The United States started out as 13 colonies but today is 50 different states. But it is distinctly the same nation. But even while the nation is changing New York City is still in the same place today as it was when the Dutch first bartered for the right to the property. But New York City was originally called New Amsterdam. The name was changed in honor of the Duke of York following the British acquisition of it from the Dutch. And that is a phenomenon that we also see in the Bible. Name of places will change although the place is obviously still in the same geographic location. RD: Right. And the fact that we can know with a high degree of confidence what places those ancient names applied to means that modern scholars can construct accurate maps. But they couldn’t do that if the ancient Bible texts were unreliable. This reliability and accuracy distinguished the Bible from many other books that claim to be the word of God. VK: I see what you’re saying. Biblical scholars often have discussions about the exact route that the Israelites took when they left Egypt. There are often 3 possible routes that are discussed: the Northern Coastal route, the Bitter Lakes route, or the Suez route. But the fact that they can discuss various possibilities at all means that the description of the route in the book of Exodus is accurate enough that it corresponds to the known geography of that region. It corresponds well enough that there are multiple possibilities that could satisfy the described path. I suppose people might say that since we can’t identify the exact route that casts doubt on the accuracy of the text. RD: But that makes as much sense as a friend asking how you went from Macon, Georgia to Chattanooga, Tennessee and wondering whether you went straight through Atlanta or took the beltway around it. You reply you don’t know because you were asleep and someone else was driving. Your friend wouldn’t say that you couldn’t have made the trip because you weren’t sure which route you took. The Bible record is proven to be true and accurate regardless of which of those 3 possibilities, or another one, is true. The point is that the Bible texts are accurate enough to permit scholars to identify the location of Bible events on modern maps. This, then, is a testimony to the accuracy of the text that we have received. VK: So, one of the points that we will be making in the next 5 facts that we will be covering is that we can have confidence in the reliability and accuracy of the Bible’s text. And that is true of both the Old and the New Testaments. The book of Exodus which is in the Old Testament is accurate when it relates information pertaining to the geography of modern day Israel and Egypt. The book of Acts is equally accurate when it relates information pertaining to the Roman Empire of the 1st century AD. The books of Exodus and Acts are separated by approximately 1,500 years in terms of their time of preparation. But both books display the concern of the inspired Bible writers for accuracy and fidelity. RD: Right. So, this example helps reinforce the fact that the Bible is accurate when it relates human history as well as natural history. And that’s a point we want to reinforce in the next 5 facts. But in our next 5 facts we are also going to introduce a couple of facts that demonstrate that the Bible also has a supernatural point of origin. VK: Many, many writers would be competent at relating history. There is an abundance of ancient historians and while their reliability varies there are still many of them who prepared very accurate accounts of certain historical events or people. But the Bible contains evidence that its writers weren’t just working with their human gifts as impressive as some might have been. The Bible contains evidence that there was a supernatural Presence superintending and inspiring the records they were preparing. When God directed the individual writers to pick up their pen or stylus He provided them information that would have been impossible for them to discern unless He was choosing to give them supernatural insights. RD: The point of this series and today’s discussion is to help Christians guard against as the Apostle Paul put it “Satan’s wiles.” Ever since the Garden of Eden Satan has used the same strategy. First Satan casts doubt on God’s goodness. Then He denies God’s truth. The next he elevates the self-importance of man. Finally, he establishes a replacement for God’s truth in the mind and heart of men. That’s what we see with these primary narratives we’ve been talking about. The Bible tells us the earth is thousands of years old. But then someone got the idea that the topographic features of the earth needed millions of years to form. Then that idea was extended beyond geology to biology. Then we invented dating mechanisms based on unprovable assumptions but asserted that anyone who doubted them must be doubting science. Then after God was deemed no longer necessary all that was left was to decide that man was the measure of all things. VK: As you said it’s a dark, despotic chain of decline and it’s been going on for a long time. But in the 150 years since uniformitarian ideas began to seize popular culture the decline has accelerated and one of those primary narratives has become that science has proven that our world and universe can exist just fine without God. But when we start taking a hard look at the available evidence our brains confirm what our hearts already know – there is no coherent explanation for the universe that doesn’t include God. This sounds like a great time to go to the Lord in prayer. Today let’s listen to a prayer that we and our friends and neighbors would set aside all of the narratives that our culture pushes and instead return to the inerrant, infallible, and inspired worship of the One True God. ---- PRAYER FOR RESTORATION OF THE WORSHIP OF THE ONE TRUE GOD VK: Before we close we’d like to remind our audience that a lot of our radio episodes are linked together in series of topics so if they missed any episodes in this series or if they just want to hear one again, all of these episodes are available on your favorite podcast app. To find them just search on “Anchored by Truth by Crystal Sea Books.” If you’d like to hear more, try out crystalseabooks.com where “We’re not perfect but our Boss is!” (Opening Bible Quote from the New International Version) 2 Peter, chapter 3, verse 4, New International Version Immeasurable Age - creation.com Radio-dating in Rubble - creation.com Dinosaur footprint treasure trove found in Britain - creation.com The Bright Angel Trail trackways - creation.com Flat gaps - creation.com Dinosaur and mammal tracks found together - creation.com Genesis in clay - creation.com New archaeological find affirms Old Testament historicity - creation.com Debunking the Documentary Hypothesis - creation.com Noahs Flood - creation.com Satan’s Strategy • Cast doubt on God’s goodness • Deny God’s truth • Elevate self-importance • Establish a replacement in the mind and heart for God’s truth Cultural Narratives One way to look at narratives is that there are primary and secondary narratives that circulate in our culture. The primary narratives are so embedded in our culture that they are not even noticed any more. They are like the framed prints on your wall. Initially you see them but as time goes by you notice them less and less. Eventually you only know they are there when a visitor comes in and remarks about them. Deep time, evolution, uniformitarianism, and the equality of all religious viewpoints are now primary narratives in our culture. Only fools and the suspect disagree with them. The narratives we notice (such as the prominent social and political narratives) are secondary ones - the acceptability of abortion, same sex marriage, the difference between "green" energy and fossil fuels, "public" education, increased government control and regulation, etc. The secondary ones emerge from and are dependent on the primary ones. • The Big Bang/deep time does away with the need for God as Creator. • Evolution does away with the need for God as the Author of life. • Uniformitarianism does away God as the Administrator of justice (become evil continually and God will wipe you off the face of the earth). Since we've done away with God we now create our own standards for what constitutes "personhood," family, man's dominion over the earth, etc. The problem is, of course, we didn't do away with God or His truth. And the house built on intellectual sand falls when the river of reality hits it. So, we will proclaim the truth to try to save some and maybe by God's grace many or most. People who doubt the inerrancy of scripture never think about any of this but they should. The line from that which they doubt the Word to a life they don't want to live is very straight. The line grows even more straight as it uncoils - just like the hangman's rope.

Buscadores de la verdad
UTP168b Será septiembre el preludio del Octubre negro

Buscadores de la verdad

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 24, 2022 132:22


Versión sin música Sean bienvenidos de nuevo a este pequeño y censurado sitio desde donde todavía intentamos acercarnos lo máximo posible a la búsqueda de la verdad. Aunque el título resulta bastante inquietante aún estando en forma de pregunta les aseguro que nosotros jamas vamos a servir de agoreros del miedo. Tampoco vamos a jugar ese juego falaz de la New Age que dice que escondiendo la cabeza bajo el ala vamos a eludir todos los golpes. Sabemos de sobra que la elite psicopatocratica que nos malgobierna está mejor preparada que nunca a nivel técnico y que sus acólitos integran todas las escalas y ámbitos de poder imaginables. Pero no son invencibles y el último designio esta en manos de Dios por mucho que la destrucción de las creencias ético-morales vaya viento en popa. Desde luego no parece buena idea meternos con el oso ruso en pleno comienzo del invierno aunque yo creo que todo se trata de un juego de estas elites que ya lo poseen todo para lograr sus objetivos a corto plazo. Un documento de la corporación RAND fechado el 25 de enero de 2022, por lo que fue escrito un mes antes de que comenzara la intervención rusa en Ucrania nos habla de como se ha organizado esta cacería contra Rusia. El documento ya preveía la escalada del conflicto militar, y los autores consideraban deseable atraer a Alemania a la próxima confrontación militar con Rusia en Ucrania para profundizar las desavenencias entre Rusia y Alemania. El texto prevé que una guerra en Ucrania dispararía los precios de la energía en Europa como así ha ocurrido. La historia nos habla de cómo las potencias incitan a crear conflictos fuera de sus fronteras para obtener réditos como está ocurriendo con la importación de gas a precios desorbitados desde Estados Unidos. Recordemos como bien nos cuenta Jacques Atalli en su libro Breve historia del futuro que el poder real en la sombra ha ido pasando de pequeñas ciudades o como el los denomina corazones sin que el poder recayera en países enteros, de Brujas hacia el 1300 a Venecia hacia 1450, de allí a Amberes en el 1500 para mas tarde recaer en Génova hacia 1550, Amsterdam hacia 1650, Londres, más concretamente su city en 1750, Boston en 1880 y el último corazón global en Nueva York para 1930. Las élites psicopatocraticas ya controlan todo el mundo y hoy dia lo hacen sin siquiera moverse del sillón mandando a sus adláteres a viajar en jet privado para hipócritamente obligarnos al resto a no contaminar. Esas elites y todas las camarillas locales no pasaran frío este invierno ni tendrán problemas de desabastecimiento. Pero han decidido que se les acaba el tiempo y necesitan crear un gran reset para declarar abiertamente a los que sobrevivan que ya están en el nuevo orden mundial, uno mas civilizado. Las pruebas para ver cómo aguantan las cadenas de suministros ya se han realizado varias veces, la última con aquel trágico emboce del canal de Suez que podéis leer en mi artículo EL SATANICO PARTO VERDE EN EL CANAL DE SUEZ. Pero volviendo al documento del think thank norteamericano: “Una reducción en los suministros de energía rusos, idealmente, una interrupción completa de tales suministros, conduciría a resultados desastrosos para la industria alemana. La necesidad de desviar cantidades significativas de gas ruso para calefacción en invierno exacerbará aún más la escasez. Los bloqueos en las empresas industriales provocarían escasez de componentes y repuestos para la fabricación, una ruptura de las cadenas logísticas y, eventualmente, un efecto dominó”. Recuerdo haber hablado de que se estaba gestando una nueva guerra fría con Rusia antes del 2018 y como el entonces aún vivo señor García Trevijano se burlo de mi como alguien que hacía preguntas infantiles. Nos encaminamos hacia el noveno círculo del Infierno de Dante reservado para los traidores. Según su descripción, en este círculo, que es el último de los infernales y a la vez el centro del universo, hay un inmenso lago helado, el Cocito. Satanás está cubierto de hielo hasta la cintura. Para el diablo, el infierno siempre es un día frío. Al parecer la élite psicopatocratica ha decidido traernos ese noveno círculo creando el caldo de cultivo necesario para que nos muramos de frío. Las recomendaciones de la Unión Europea desde luego no se ni como calificarlas. Estamos regidos por una panda de psicopatas traidores que a buen seguro terminaran en ese rinconcito que Satanás mantiene fresquito por el aleteo constante de sus alas. Este septiembre nos lo pintan como la antesala de algo horrible donde la economía, la geopolítica, la guerra o los desastres climáticos llamaran a nuestra puerta. Una inteligencia artificial llamada Midjourney se volvió viral en internet por resolver preguntas básicas y complejas a través de descripciones visuales mostrándonos lo que parecía el inicio de una guerra termonuclear. Para mejorar el asunto están sacando de contexto unas declaraciones del presidente Putin donde asegura que no le temblaría el pulso si tuviese que utilizar armamento nuclear en la guerra que mantiene con Ucrania o si la OTAN decidiese sumarse a la guerra de manera abierta. Sin duda la guerra en Ucrania se va a recrudecer y los rusos por fin emplearán material moderno causando graves destrozos. Aunque no creo mucho, por no decir nada en la astrología, sabemos que se producirá un eclipse solar en Kiev este próximo 25 de octubre y creo que ese será el punto álgido de la guerra que terminará antes de que acabe el año. Para esas fechas es posible que la locura transitoria que estamos viviendo en Europa nos haya obligado a cortar el suministro eléctrico y de gas de forma puntual en parte del territorio. Los que no sean amantes de las duchas con agua fría tendrán que recurrir a las toallitas higiénicas como sugiere la presidenta de la UE. Una inflación desmesurada y el estratosférico e insostenible precio de la energía eléctrica nos obligará a reducir al mínimo nuestro consumo. En cuanto a la histeria que se ha desatado en torno a este próximo 24 de septiembre no creo que pase nada mas grave de lo que ya está pasando. Esta mas que claro que sin el gas ruso Europa, y sobretodo la Europa del centro lo va a pasar realmente mal. Nos estamos dando un tiro en el pie por nada, no hay nada real tras este teatrillo que están jugando los rusos y los norteamericanos como siempre ha sido y siempre será. Recordemos que China fue impulsada hacia el comunismo cuando USA dejó de apoyar al general Chiang Kai-shek y un ejercito salido de los arrozales ganó contra todo pronostico la guerra civil en China. ¿Sin buenos y creíbles enemigos para que servirían los ejércitos, verdad? China está metida de lleno en el mundo transhumanista con la implementación del dinero digital que caduca según el gobierno quiera que lo gastes. Resulta curioso cómo el mundo capitalista y el supuesto mundo comunista se dan la mano en la implementación de las mismas medidas para instaurar una distopía digital donde todos estemos localizables las 24h del dia. De momento nos meten miedo a fuerza de golpe de telediario y de cancelaciones de conciertos de los satánicos de siempre como Lady Gaga. Malos tiempos para los conciertos masivos este próximo otoño. El caos no es bueno para crear algo prediseñado de antemano como este Nuevo Orden Mundial que nos quieren regalar lo antes posible. Recordemos sin embargo que las agendas se van postergando de la agenda 2020, a la 2021 y ahora a la agenda 2030 y más allá. Debemos descargar y leer esa locura que es el documento llamado Estrategia España 2050. Ya la portada nos lo dice todo mostrándonos un laberinto con una única salida en amarillo chillón. Si, una única salida que nos lleva directamente hacia el abismo. Terrible metáfora de donde nos quieren llevar estas marionetas que nos malgobiernan bajo las órdenes de otros mucho más oscuros que ellos. Como dice un estupendo artículo publicado en el blog la papelera de Antonio titulado Proyecto 2030: “Pretenden controlar globalmente y no son capaces de controlar sus barrios en ciudades señeras como Londres o París, donde las llamadas “zonas go home” quedan en un limbo, donde sus normas LGTBI y demás cosas que son su bandera, están prohibidas.” De momento no han logrado que una cantidad importante de la población se haya inoculado esa pócima, ese experimento eugenésico que algunos desde la oficialidad denominan vacuna. Y de momento el carnet digital obligatorio lo sitúa la presidenta de la UE mas allá del 2030. Más y más seres humanos van a integrarse entre los que buscamos la verdad y tarde o temprano van a eludir las trampas del sistema para mantenerlos entretenidos buscando gamusinos, falsas conspiraciones o juegos políticos inútiles. Nuestra postura colectiva frente a estos problemas creados artificialmente, falta de energía, falta de alimentos, sequía, reparto de la riqueza será determinante para no caer en los cantos de sirena que desde los medios de comunicación nos estrellaran contra las rocas. Hay formas eficientes de crear energía y de no desperdiciar la que tenemos. Hay mucho terreno baldío en todo el mundo y muchas políticas anti agrarias que deben desaparecer. Hay una forma sencilla de que llueva, se llama dejar de utilizar la geoingeniería. Hay personas honradas dispuestas a crear un sistema de reparto de la riqueza mas justo. Está en nuestras manos acudir como borregos a las grandes superficies a crear escasez o pensar con la cabeza y dotarnos de las herramientas para ser un poco mas autosuficientes en lo referente a la energía, la alimentación, la salud y nuestra propia seguridad. Por eso desaparecen las páginas desde donde se nos enseña a ser mas humanos y compartir nuestra humanidad con otros. Por eso los preparacionistas son considerados terroristas. Bueno, ellos y un servidor al que la justicia le pide 40 años por haber escrito tres artículos sobre una supuesta banda de pederastas satánicos. No hace falta ser un economista, ni haber estudiado en la universidad para entender que la economía actual que invierte en humo, en cosas no tangibles está destinada a perecer en una enorme crisis de deuda como nunca hemos visto. Y las crisis económicas suelen estallar en octubre. ¿Será este octubre el que decidan los poderes fácticos para explotar la burbuja de deuda? El autor y experto en economía Robert Kiyosaki nos dice: "El dinero no ha ido a la economía, esa es la parte triste. Entonces los ricos se hacen más ricos, pero los pobres y la clase media se están volviendo más pobres. Es trágico lo que está sucediendo hoy”. Sin un cambio de rumbo radical en nuestros valores morales no hay ninguna posibilidad de eludir la enorme montaña de mierda que tienen pensado depositar encima de nuestras cabezas. ¿Dejaremos de cederles nuestra soberanía y tomaremos por fin las riendas de nuestras vidas? Esa es la pregunta que resume todo lo que puede pasar y que yo sospecho que quedara en aquello de la fábula de Pedro y el lobo. No teman al lobo. Y para hablar de lobos y caperucitas tenemos hoy con nosotros a unos buenos amigos que sin duda nos van a hacer pasar un rato de lo mas agradable. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Hoy voy a terminar con algunas frases, algunas de esas frases que podéis encontrar bajo el hastag #frases_UTP almohadilla frases guion bajo UTP en mayúsculas: La primera es mia y dice así: “Mi percepción no tiene porqué corresponder con la realidad y la realidad no tiene nada que ver con la verdad”. La segunda es nada mas y nada menos que de Platón: “Aquellos que pueden ver más allá de las sombras y mentiras de sus culturas, nuca serán entendidos y mucho menos comprendidos por las masas” Añadiendo a esta otra también del mismo filósofo: “Nadie es más odiado, que aquel que dice la verdad”. Y termino con dos frases que nos hablan de la búsqueda de la verdad, la primera es mía: “No se puede encontrar la verdad si ni siquiera se inicia su búsqueda”. Por último una muy buena de Quasi modo, un usuario de Twitter que escribe bajo el nick @QuasiDixit y que pude conocer gracias a @pericarpa y @Tuucson “Solo la mentira necesita apoyarse de la censura para triunfar, pues es el único mecanismo que permite a las falacias eludir las preguntas incómodas que la enfrentan con la verdad”. Lo dicho, busquen la verdad con nosotros y no tengan miedo. Sean felices, no se crean lo primero que vean o escuchen por ahí y amen con todas sus fuerzas, vivan, sean felices y cuiden muy bien de sus familias. Nos vemos en el próximo gracias. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Participantes Yane #JusticiaParaUTP @ayec98_2 Médico y Buscadora de la verdad. Con Dios siempre! No permito q me dividan c/izq -derecha, raza, religión ni nada de la Creación. Antonio Pérez-Algás @apanalis Market analyst and Cycles specialist The Author of the Future- El Escritor del Futuro. mvaleraes @mmvaleraes Periodista y escritor Sí a la libertad http://mvalera.es Un Tecnico Preocupado https://twitter.com/tecn_preocupado Canal telegram https://t.me/UnTecnicoPreocupado ………………………………………………………………………………………. Enlaces utilizados en este podcast: Proyecto 2030 https://lapapeleradeantonio.blogspot.com/2022/04/proyecto-2030.html?m=1 Yuan digital que expira https://twitter.com/jimenezlessons4/status/1572281114571464706 Renta minima Agenda 2030 Klaus Schwab https://twitter.com/Eliset_04/status/1571609425114431488 EL SATANICO PARTO VERDE EN EL CANAL DE SUEZ https://tecnicopreocupado.com/2021/03/29/el-satanico-parto-verde-en-el-canal-de-suez/ Propuestas de la UE para ahorrar energía https://twitter.com/A3Noticias/status/1572246710050488323 El mercado único a prueba de crisis: dotar a Europa de una sólida caja de herramientas para preservar la libre circulación y la disponibilidad de los bienes y servicios pertinentes https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_22_5443 Bruselas podrá exigir a las empresas prioridades en la producción en caso de emergencia https://elpais.com/economia/2022-09-19/bruselas-podra-exigir-a-las-empresas-prioridades-en-la-produccion-en-caso-de-emergencia.html ¿Por qué ha construido EEUU plantas de Gas? ¿Cómo sabía que Europa iba a tener problemas con el gas? https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=P3z5xCo9ONk&feature=emb_logo Guerra fría con Rusia por lo menos desde el 2018 https://twitter.com/tecn_preocupado/status/955406324321288192 Informe de Rand Corporation del año 2019 donde detalla todo lo que ha sucedido desde entonces hasta hoy con respecto a Rusia https://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/threads/informe-de-rand-corporation-del-ano-2019-donde-detalla-todo-lo-que-ha-sucedido-desde-entonces-hasta-hoy-con-respecto-a-rusia.1823352/ Putin lleva la guerra a una nueva fase: movilización de reservistas, amenaza nuclear y posible anexión de territorios https://twitter.com/rtve/status/1572624609874255872 ¿Es inminente una guerra mundial? - y VII https://estrelleros.blogspot.com/2022/09/es-inminente-una-guerra-mundial-y-vii.html Lady Gaga cancela su concierto en Miami https://twitter.com/NotiMetropolita/status/1571854374078382080 Una ola de cancelaciones suprime conciertos de grandes artistas en Valencia https://7televalencia.com/es/ola-cancelaciones-suprime-conciertos-valencia/ El plan de Estados Unidos para destruir Europa https://www.ivoox.com/plan-estados-unidos-para-destruir-europa-audios-mp3_rf_92638063_1.html Impactante documento de la RAND Corporation: cómo EE.UU. planeó la guerra en Ucrania y la crisis energética en Europa http://www.elespiadigital.com/index.php/noticias/confidenciales/38846-2022-09-18-20-35-12 Círculos del Infierno https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%ADrculos_del_Infierno Escalofriante predicción: la Inteligencia artificial responde quién dominará el mundo el próximo siglo https://es-us.finanzas.yahoo.com/noticias/escalofriante-predicci%C3%B3n-inteligencia-artificial-responde-134219279.html Chiang Kai-shek https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai-shek Estrategia España 2050 https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Documents/2021/200521-Estrategia_Espana_2050.pdf VARIOS PAÍSES se PREPARAN, dan NUEVA ORDEN https://youtu.be/0dRzJMwQkrw PETICIÓN ANTE EL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO CASO BAR ESPAÑA https://tecnicopreocupado.com/peticion-ante-el-parlamento-europeo/ Robert Kiyosaki predice una crisis "gigante" en octubre https://es.finance.yahoo.com/noticias/ca%C3%ADda-historia-mundial-experto-robert-190435590.html ………………………………………………………………………………………. Música utilizada en este podcast: Tema inicial Heros ……………………………………………… Epílogo Vetusta Morla - La Virgen de La Humanidad https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10r7OLxERzY&feature=youtu.be

Buscadores de la verdad
UTP168 Será septiembre el preludio del Octubre negro

Buscadores de la verdad

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 24, 2022 166:17


UTP168 ¿Será septiembre el preludio del Octubre negro? Sean bienvenidos de nuevo a este pequeño y censurado sitio desde donde todavía intentamos acercarnos lo máximo posible a la búsqueda de la verdad. Aunque el título resulta bastante inquietante aún estando en forma de pregunta les aseguro que nosotros jamás vamos a servir de agoreros del miedo. Tampoco vamos a jugar ese juego falaz de la New Age que dice que escondiendo la cabeza bajo el ala vamos a eludir todos los golpes. Sabemos de sobra que la elite psicopatocratica que nos malgobierna está mejor preparada que nunca a nivel técnico y que sus acólitos integran todas las escalas y ámbitos de poder imaginables. Pero no son invencibles y el último designio esta en manos de Dios por mucho que la destrucción de las creencias ético-morales vaya viento en popa. Desde luego no parece buena idea meternos con el oso ruso en pleno comienzo del invierno aunque yo creo que todo se trata de un juego de estas elites que ya lo poseen todo para lograr sus objetivos a corto plazo. Un documento de la corporación RAND fechado el 25 de enero de 2022, por lo que fue escrito un mes antes de que comenzara la intervención rusa en Ucrania nos habla de como se ha organizado esta cacería contra Rusia. El documento ya preveía la escalada del conflicto militar, y los autores consideraban deseable atraer a Alemania a la próxima confrontación militar con Rusia en Ucrania para profundizar las desavenencias entre Rusia y Alemania. El texto prevé que una guerra en Ucrania dispararía los precios de la energía en Europa como así ha ocurrido. La historia nos habla de cómo las potencias incitan a crear conflictos fuera de sus fronteras para obtener réditos como está ocurriendo con la importación de gas a precios desorbitados desde Estados Unidos. Recordemos como bien nos cuenta Jacques Atalli en su libro Breve historia del futuro que el poder real en la sombra ha ido pasando de pequeñas ciudades o como el los denomina corazones sin que el poder recayera en países enteros, de Brujas hacia el 1300 a Venecia hacia 1450, de allí a Amberes en el 1500 para mas tarde recaer en Génova hacia 1550, Amsterdam hacia 1650, Londres, más concretamente su city en 1750, Boston en 1880 y el último corazón global en Nueva York para 1930. Las élites psicopatocraticas ya controlan todo el mundo y hoy dia lo hacen sin siquiera moverse del sillón mandando a sus adláteres a viajar en jet privado para hipócritamente obligarnos al resto a no contaminar. Esas elites y todas las camarillas locales no pasaran frío este invierno ni tendrán problemas de desabastecimiento. Pero han decidido que se les acaba el tiempo y necesitan crear un gran reset para declarar abiertamente a los que sobrevivan que ya están en el nuevo orden mundial, uno mas civilizado. Las pruebas para ver cómo aguantan las cadenas de suministros ya se han realizado varias veces, la última con aquel trágico emboce del canal de Suez que podéis leer en mi artículo EL SATANICO PARTO VERDE EN EL CANAL DE SUEZ. Pero volviendo al documento del think thank norteamericano: “Una reducción en los suministros de energía rusos, idealmente, una interrupción completa de tales suministros, conduciría a resultados desastrosos para la industria alemana. La necesidad de desviar cantidades significativas de gas ruso para calefacción en invierno exacerbará aún más la escasez. Los bloqueos en las empresas industriales provocarían escasez de componentes y repuestos para la fabricación, una ruptura de las cadenas logísticas y, eventualmente, un efecto dominó”. Recuerdo haber hablado de que se estaba gestando una nueva guerra fría con Rusia antes del 2018 y como el entonces aún vivo señor García Trevijano se burlo de mi como alguien que hacía preguntas infantiles. Nos encaminamos hacia el noveno círculo del Infierno de Dante reservado para los traidores. Según su descripción, en este círculo, que es el último de los infernales y a la vez el centro del universo, hay un inmenso lago helado, el Cocito. Satanás está cubierto de hielo hasta la cintura. Para el diablo, el infierno siempre es un día frío. Al parecer la élite psicopatocratica ha decidido traernos ese noveno círculo creando el caldo de cultivo necesario para que nos muramos de frío. Las recomendaciones de la Unión Europea desde luego no se ni como calificarlas. Estamos regidos por una panda de psicopatas traidores que a buen seguro terminaran en ese rinconcito que Satanás mantiene fresquito por el aleteo constante de sus alas. Este septiembre nos lo pintan como la antesala de algo horrible donde la economía, la geopolítica, la guerra o los desastres climáticos llamaran a nuestra puerta. Una inteligencia artificial llamada Midjourney se volvió viral en internet por resolver preguntas básicas y complejas a través de descripciones visuales mostrándonos lo que parecía el inicio de una guerra termonuclear. Para mejorar el asunto están sacando de contexto unas declaraciones del presidente Putin donde asegura que no le temblaría el pulso si tuviese que utilizar armamento nuclear en la guerra que mantiene con Ucrania o si la OTAN decidiese sumarse a la guerra de manera abierta. Sin duda la guerra en Ucrania se va a recrudecer y los rusos por fin emplearán material moderno causando graves destrozos. Aunque no creo mucho, por no decir nada en la astrología, sabemos que se producirá un eclipse solar en Kiev este próximo 25 de octubre y creo que ese será el punto álgido de la guerra que terminará antes de que acabe el año. Para esas fechas es posible que la locura transitoria que estamos viviendo en Europa nos haya obligado a cortar el suministro eléctrico y de gas de forma puntual en parte del territorio. Los que no sean amantes de las duchas con agua fría tendrán que recurrir a las toallitas higiénicas como sugiere la presidenta de la UE. Una inflación desmesurada y el estratosférico e insostenible precio de la energía eléctrica nos obligará a reducir al mínimo nuestro consumo. En cuanto a la histeria que se ha desatado en torno a este próximo 24 de septiembre no creo que pase nada mas grave de lo que ya está pasando. Esta mas que claro que sin el gas ruso Europa, y sobretodo la Europa del centro lo va a pasar realmente mal. Nos estamos dando un tiro en el pie por nada, no hay nada real tras este teatrillo que están jugando los rusos y los norteamericanos como siempre ha sido y siempre será. Recordemos que China fue impulsada hacia el comunismo cuando USA dejó de apoyar al general Chiang Kai-shek y un ejercito salido de los arrozales ganó contra todo pronostico la guerra civil en China. ¿Sin buenos y creíbles enemigos para que servirían los ejércitos, verdad? China está metida de lleno en el mundo transhumanista con la implementación del dinero digital que caduca según el gobierno quiera que lo gastes. Resulta curioso cómo el mundo capitalista y el supuesto mundo comunista se dan la mano en la implementación de las mismas medidas para instaurar una distopía digital donde todos estemos localizables las 24h del dia. De momento nos meten miedo a fuerza de golpe de telediario y de cancelaciones de conciertos de los satánicos de siempre como Lady Gaga. Malos tiempos para los conciertos masivos este próximo otoño. El caos no es bueno para crear algo prediseñado de antemano como este Nuevo Orden Mundial que nos quieren regalar lo antes posible. Recordemos sin embargo que las agendas se van postergando de la agenda 2020, a la 2021 y ahora a la agenda 2030 y más allá. Debemos descargar y leer esa locura que es el documento llamado Estrategia España 2050. Ya la portada nos lo dice todo mostrándonos un laberinto con una única salida en amarillo chillón. Si, una única salida que nos lleva directamente hacia el abismo. Terrible metáfora de donde nos quieren llevar estas marionetas que nos malgobiernan bajo las órdenes de otros mucho más oscuros que ellos. Como dice un estupendo artículo publicado en el blog la papelera de Antonio titulado Proyecto 2030: “Pretenden controlar globalmente y no son capaces de controlar sus barrios en ciudades señeras como Londres o París, donde las llamadas “zonas go home” quedan en un limbo, donde sus normas LGTBI y demás cosas que son su bandera, están prohibidas.” De momento no han logrado que una cantidad importante de la población se haya inoculado esa pócima, ese experimento eugenésico que algunos desde la oficialidad denominan vacuna. Y de momento el carnet digital obligatorio lo sitúa la presidenta de la UE mas allá del 2030. Más y más seres humanos van a integrarse entre los que buscamos la verdad y tarde o temprano van a eludir las trampas del sistema para mantenerlos entretenidos buscando gamusinos, falsas conspiraciones o juegos políticos inútiles. Nuestra postura colectiva frente a estos problemas creados artificialmente, falta de energía, falta de alimentos, sequía, reparto de la riqueza será determinante para no caer en los cantos de sirena que desde los medios de comunicación nos estrellaran contra las rocas. Hay formas eficientes de crear energía y de no desperdiciar la que tenemos. Hay mucho terreno baldío en todo el mundo y muchas políticas anti agrarias que deben desaparecer. Hay una forma sencilla de que llueva, se llama dejar de utilizar la geoingeniería. Hay personas honradas dispuestas a crear un sistema de reparto de la riqueza mas justo. Está en nuestras manos acudir como borregos a las grandes superficies a crear escasez o pensar con la cabeza y dotarnos de las herramientas para ser un poco mas autosuficientes en lo referente a la energía, la alimentación, la salud y nuestra propia seguridad. Por eso desaparecen las páginas desde donde se nos enseña a ser mas humanos y compartir nuestra humanidad con otros. Por eso los preparacionistas son considerados terroristas. Bueno, ellos y un servidor al que la justicia le pide 40 años por haber escrito tres artículos sobre una supuesta banda de pederastas satánicos. No hace falta ser un economista, ni haber estudiado en la universidad para entender que la economía actual que invierte en humo, en cosas no tangibles está destinada a perecer en una enorme crisis de deuda como nunca hemos visto. Y las crisis económicas suelen estallar en octubre. ¿Será este octubre el que decidan los poderes fácticos para explotar la burbuja de deuda? El autor y experto en economía Robert Kiyosaki nos dice: "El dinero no ha ido a la economía, esa es la parte triste. Entonces los ricos se hacen más ricos, pero los pobres y la clase media se están volviendo más pobres. Es trágico lo que está sucediendo hoy”. Sin un cambio de rumbo radical en nuestros valores morales no hay ninguna posibilidad de eludir la enorme montaña de mierda que tienen pensado depositar encima de nuestras cabezas. ¿Dejaremos de cederles nuestra soberanía y tomaremos por fin las riendas de nuestras vidas? Esa es la pregunta que resume todo lo que puede pasar y que yo sospecho que quedara en aquello de la fábula de Pedro y el lobo. No teman al lobo. Y para hablar de lobos y caperucitas tenemos hoy con nosotros a unos buenos amigos que sin duda nos van a hacer pasar un rato de lo mas agradable. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Hoy voy a terminar con algunas frases, algunas de esas frases que podéis encontrar bajo el hastag #frases_UTP almohadilla frases guion bajo UTP en mayúsculas: La primera es mia y dice así: “Mi percepción no tiene porqué corresponder con la realidad y la realidad no tiene nada que ver con la verdad”. La segunda es nada mas y nada menos que de Platón: “Aquellos que pueden ver más allá de las sombras y mentiras de sus culturas, nuca serán entendidos y mucho menos comprendidos por las masas” Añadiendo a esta otra también del mismo filósofo: “Nadie es más odiado, que aquel que dice la verdad”. Y termino con dos frases que nos hablan de la búsqueda de la verdad, la primera es mía: “No se puede encontrar la verdad si ni siquiera se inicia su búsqueda”. Por último una muy buena de Quasi modo, un usuario de Twitter que escribe bajo el nick @QuasiDixit y que pude conocer gracias a @pericarpa y @Tuucson “Solo la mentira necesita apoyarse de la censura para triunfar, pues es el único mecanismo que permite a las falacias eludir las preguntas incómodas que la enfrentan con la verdad”. Lo dicho, busquen la verdad con nosotros y no tengan miedo. Sean felices, no se crean lo primero que vean o escuchen por ahí y amen con todas sus fuerzas, vivan, sean felices y cuiden muy bien de sus familias. Nos vemos en el próximo gracias. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Participantes Yane #JusticiaParaUTP @ayec98_2 Médico y Buscadora de la verdad. Con Dios siempre! No permito q me dividan c/izq -derecha, raza, religión ni nada de la Creación. Antonio Pérez-Algás @apanalis Market analyst and Cycles specialist The Author of the Future- El Escritor del Futuro. mvaleraes @mmvaleraes Periodista y escritor Sí a la libertad http://mvalera.es Un Tecnico Preocupado https://twitter.com/tecn_preocupado Canal telegram https://t.me/UnTecnicoPreocupado ………………………………………………………………………………………. Enlaces utilizados en este podcast: Proyecto 2030 https://lapapeleradeantonio.blogspot.com/2022/04/proyecto-2030.html?m=1 Yuan digital que expira https://twitter.com/jimenezlessons4/status/1572281114571464706 Renta minima Agenda 2030 Klaus Schwab https://twitter.com/Eliset_04/status/1571609425114431488 EL SATANICO PARTO VERDE EN EL CANAL DE SUEZ https://tecnicopreocupado.com/2021/03/29/el-satanico-parto-verde-en-el-canal-de-suez/ Propuestas de la UE para ahorrar energía https://twitter.com/A3Noticias/status/1572246710050488323 El mercado único a prueba de crisis: dotar a Europa de una sólida caja de herramientas para preservar la libre circulación y la disponibilidad de los bienes y servicios pertinentes https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_22_5443 Bruselas podrá exigir a las empresas prioridades en la producción en caso de emergencia https://elpais.com/economia/2022-09-19/bruselas-podra-exigir-a-las-empresas-prioridades-en-la-produccion-en-caso-de-emergencia.html ¿Por qué ha construido EEUU plantas de Gas? ¿Cómo sabía que Europa iba a tener problemas con el gas? https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=P3z5xCo9ONk&feature=emb_logo Guerra fría con Rusia por lo menos desde el 2018 https://twitter.com/tecn_preocupado/status/955406324321288192 Informe de Rand Corporation del año 2019 donde detalla todo lo que ha sucedido desde entonces hasta hoy con respecto a Rusia https://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/threads/informe-de-rand-corporation-del-ano-2019-donde-detalla-todo-lo-que-ha-sucedido-desde-entonces-hasta-hoy-con-respecto-a-rusia.1823352/ Putin lleva la guerra a una nueva fase: movilización de reservistas, amenaza nuclear y posible anexión de territorios https://twitter.com/rtve/status/1572624609874255872 ¿Es inminente una guerra mundial? - y VII https://estrelleros.blogspot.com/2022/09/es-inminente-una-guerra-mundial-y-vii.html Lady Gaga cancela su concierto en Miami https://twitter.com/NotiMetropolita/status/1571854374078382080 Una ola de cancelaciones suprime conciertos de grandes artistas en Valencia https://7televalencia.com/es/ola-cancelaciones-suprime-conciertos-valencia/ El plan de Estados Unidos para destruir Europa https://www.ivoox.com/plan-estados-unidos-para-destruir-europa-audios-mp3_rf_92638063_1.html Impactante documento de la RAND Corporation: cómo EE.UU. planeó la guerra en Ucrania y la crisis energética en Europa http://www.elespiadigital.com/index.php/noticias/confidenciales/38846-2022-09-18-20-35-12 Círculos del Infierno https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%ADrculos_del_Infierno Escalofriante predicción: la Inteligencia artificial responde quién dominará el mundo el próximo siglo https://es-us.finanzas.yahoo.com/noticias/escalofriante-predicci%C3%B3n-inteligencia-artificial-responde-134219279.html Chiang Kai-shek https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai-shek Estrategia España 2050 https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Documents/2021/200521-Estrategia_Espana_2050.pdf VARIOS PAÍSES se PREPARAN, dan NUEVA ORDEN https://youtu.be/0dRzJMwQkrw PETICIÓN ANTE EL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO CASO BAR ESPAÑA https://tecnicopreocupado.com/peticion-ante-el-parlamento-europeo/ Robert Kiyosaki predice una crisis "gigante" en octubre https://es.finance.yahoo.com/noticias/ca%C3%ADda-historia-mundial-experto-robert-190435590.html ………………………………………………………………………………………. Música utilizada en este podcast: Tema inicial Heros Fear -1984 (tema regalado por los autores para utilizar sin ánimo de lucro) MANIATICA: LO QUE NOS QUEDA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihrVrY_Ov38 Rosendo - Harto https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eBv3lbpTQHI NOVUS FT CARLES CASELLES [SMOKING SOULS] - QUEMAR LA NOCHE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZINCRDZvWI LOVE MASACRE La internacional https://youtube.com/watch?v=Bkos3XNeqJ8 7000 Millones de Personas No Pueden Tener un Rancho en California https://youtu.be/-2qOVsKu7B8 Marichal - De Donde Vengo https://youtu.be/dJyxfiEvEgY Novus Ordo - Irreductibles https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-jBcVsGObaI Gerardo Mejia - En Tiempo De Escasez https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2neL9C_WDbI ……………………………………………… Epílogo Vetusta Morla - La Virgen de La Humanidad https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10r7OLxERzY&feature=youtu.be

Radio La Pizarra
La Reina Isabel II entre ficción y realidad

Radio La Pizarra

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 22:03


Alfredo Serrano y el equipo hablan de la construcción de la figura de la monarca en la serie The Crown, ¿un lavado de cara a la Isabel histórica? ¿cuál fue su rol en conflictos bélicos como Malvinas y el canal de Suez?

Mike Church Presents-The Red Pill Diaries Podcast
Thursday Red Pill Diaries-It's Social Media That's Making You Stupid, Don't Be With Stupid!

Mike Church Presents-The Red Pill Diaries Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 8, 2022 13:11


HEADLINE: Swiss Citizens Who Overheat Their Homes This Winter Could Face Hefty Fines & 3 Years In Jail via ZeroHedge  The #DarkWinter is quickly approaching for those in the Soviet Union, Germany, Switzerland and the UK. You are going to see people die due to freezing. This will all end in tears. There is no going back folks. Do you remember the tanker that got stuck in the Suez canal for being just a few degrees off the mark? It shut down global traffic for a WEEK! No one seems to want to do anything about this, and now it is too late.  

(don't) Waste Water!
S5E20 - My 5 Most Funded Guests / SUEZ & VEOLIA News / Episode 100

(don't) Waste Water!

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 7, 2022 12:02


I know, it's the back-to-school period; you've got a lot of things on your plate, I get that, so don't worry.  I won't make that special episode too long, and you'll get a fast-track update on many of the guests and companies that appeared on that microphone. Today, this podcast turns two! Two years, 222 episodes released, of which 97 were feature interviews, for a total of 105 hours on air. That's a lot of water industry, water sector, water and beyond, whatever we call it, and hopefully a lot of inspiration shots for all of us. Two years is not much on the scale of the entire sector. Yet, a lot happened for many of my former guests since they appeared on my microphone.  Today you'll learn who raised the most money since the release of our common discussion, I'll share some milestones and recent projects for some of them, and I'll update you on our background drama: the story of the merger of SUEZ and Veolia.  I'll also address you with a big thank you!  We crossed the 50'000 downloads mark somewhen in August, for the podcast alone, and that month was also kind of historic; as for the first time, the podcast in all its shapes surpassed the 200'000 views milestone over all the platforms for August alone. So let's keep pushing all together: as always, if you like what you hear, tell it to your friends, colleagues, teachers, students, customers, suppliers, and all the ones I forget: that's how I can justify to my wife, my kids and myself, all the time I spend preparing these contents for all of us. Which I, of course, love doing as well! Season seven of the podcast starts next week with an incredible interview with Piers Clark, the founder and Chairman of Isle Utilities; I have many more inspiring conversations coming up, which I'm excited to share with you, I'll also be at the upcoming international water association's World Congress in Copenhagen next week, and then I'm heading to New York to join Sciens Water's Rethinking Water conference, where I'm looking forward meeting you! And even though I'm sometimes slow in answering, and I apologize for that, please keep sending me your feedback, suggestions, and recommendations, yes, I'm slow, but I'm always reading and answering! Again, thank you, and I'll see you next time!        ➡️ Here you go to find all the (don't) Waste Water episodes 

The Financial Exchange Show
Stuck In The Suez, Part 2 // Investors Grapple With Hawkish Fed // China Locks Down Megacity - 9/1 (Hour 1)

The Financial Exchange Show

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 1, 2022 40:49


(0:58) - The show begins with Chuck and Mike talking about how yet another ship got stuck in the Suez Canal on Wednesday night.(12:06) - Discussing how investors are accepting that the Fed is going to stay hawkish for the foreseeable future.(27:07) - Touching on Nvidia, which is sliding today after news chip sales to China will be restricted.(36:03) - Weighing in on China's decision to lockdown the megacity of Chengdu due to COVID-19 concerns.

Archives d'Afrique
Au Caire, Hosni Moubarak balayé par le Printemps arabe (7&8)

Archives d'Afrique

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 26, 2022 49:00


Après la Tunisie, l'Égypte ? La chute de Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali va donner des ailes aux Égyptiens qui n'imaginaient pas un tel scénario possible. Aussitôt l'opposition s'organise. Les manifestations prennent de l'ampleur au Caire, à Suez et à Alexandrie. Les moyens de communication, comme internet et les lignes téléphoniques, sont suspendus et un couvre-feu est instauré. La place Tahrir ne désemplit pas, de jour comme de nuit. Les amis traditionnels du président Moubarak commencent à le lâcher…

(don't) Waste Water!
S6E25 - How to x20 in 3 Years?

(don't) Waste Water!

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 25, 2022 1:03


SAUR multiplied its industrial revenue by twenty in three years. Two of the three largest water companies in the World are french: Veolia and Suez. So, for SAUR being the "French 3rd guy" is like being a small fish in a shark tank. In that context, where making a dent is pretty challenging, SAUR had to differentiate.  Hence, since starting up in 1933, SAUR had always bet on municipal water. And that's why they build and operate mostly municipal water and wastewater treatment plants across 20 countries.  Yet, with water scarcity on the rise, the industrial segment is the fastest growing piece of the water sector's cake.  So how do you react when you apparently bet on the wrong horse?   Well, in 2018, the Swedish investment fund EQT acquired SAUR with a plan. In five years, they would transform the company to surf the industrial wave! They warmed up in 2020 by buying Unidro and Econvert, before their main move with the acquisition of Nijhuis, which would become their industrial flagship.  Many more moves followed with the acquisition of Veolia's mobile fleet, of Flootech, Aqua-Chem, Sodai, Biosys Group, PWNT, and Nortech.  And this is how SAUR multiplied its industrial revenue by twenty in three years.     Wanna dive deeper into the topic? I discussed this (and much more) with Menno Holtermann, the CEO of Nijhuis Saur Industries! 

AJC Passport
The Forgotten Exodus: Egypt

AJC Passport

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 17, 2022 34:17 Very Popular


One of the top Jewish podcasts in the U.S., American Jewish Committee's (AJC) The Forgotten Exodus, is the first-ever narrative podcast to focus exclusively on Mizrahi and Sephardic Jews. In this week's episode, we feature Jews from Egypt.   In the first half of the 20th century, Egypt went through profound social and political upheavals culminating in the rise of President Gamal Abdel Nasser and his campaign of Arabization, creating an oppressive atmosphere for the country's Jews, and leading almost all to flee or be kicked out of the country. Hear the personal story of award-winning author André Aciman as he recounts the heart-wrenching details of the pervasive antisemitism during his childhood in Alexandria and his family's expulsion in 1965, which he wrote about in his memoir Out of Egypt, and also inspired his novel Call Me by Your Name.  Joining Aciman is Deborah Starr, a professor of Near Eastern and Jewish Studies at Cornell University, who chronicles the history of Egypt's Jewish community that dates back millennia, and the events that led to their erasure from Egypt's collective memory. Aciman's modern-day Jewish exodus story is one that touches on identity, belonging, and nationality: Where is your home when you become a refugee at age 14? Be sure to follow The Forgotten Exodus before the next episode drops on August 22. ___ Show notes: Sign up to receive podcast updates here. Learn more about the series here. Song credits:  Rampi Rampi, Aksaray'in Taslari, Bir Demet Yasemen by Turku, Nomads of the Silk Road Pond5:  “Desert Caravans”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI), Composer: Tiemur Zarobov (BMI), IPI#1098108837 “Sentimental Oud Middle Eastern”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI), Composer: Sotirios Bakas (BMI), IPI#797324989. “Frontiers”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI); Composer: Pete Checkley (BMI), IPI#380407375 “Adventures in the East”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI) Composer: Petar Milinkovic (BMI), IPI#00738313833. “Middle Eastern Arabic Oud”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI); Composer: Sotirios Bakas (BMI), IPI#797324989 ___ Episode Transcript: ANDRÉ ACIMAN: I've lived in New York for 50 years. Is it my home? Not really. But Egypt was never going to be my home. It had become oppressive to be Jewish. MANYA BRACHEAR PASHMAN: The world has overlooked an important episode in modern history: the 800,000 Jews who left or were driven from their homes in Arab nations and Iran in the mid-20th century. This series, brought to you by American Jewish Committee, explores that pivotal moment in Jewish history and the rich Jewish heritage of Iran and Arab nations as some begin to build relations with Israel. I'm your host, Manya Brachear Pashman. Join us as we explore family histories and personal stories of courage, perseverance, and resilience.  This is The Forgotten Exodus. Today's episode: leaving Egypt. Author André Aciman can't stand Passover Seders. They are long and tedious. Everyone gets hungry long before it's time to eat. It's also an unwelcome reminder of when André was 14 and his family was forced to leave Egypt – the only home he had ever known. On their last night there, he recounts his family gathered for one last Seder in his birthplace. ANDRÉ: By the time I was saying goodbye, the country, Egypt, had essentially become sort of Judenrein.  MANYA:  Judenrein is the term of Nazi origin meaning “free of Jews”. Most, if not all of the Jews, had already left. ANDRÉ: By the time we were kicked out, we were kicked out literally from Egypt, my parents had already had a life in Egypt. My mother was born in Egypt, she had been wealthy. My father became wealthy. And of course, they had a way of living life that they knew they were abandoning. They had no idea what was awaiting them. They knew it was going to be different, but they had no sense. I, for one, being younger, I just couldn't wait to leave. Because it had become oppressive to be Jewish. As far as I was concerned, it was goodbye. Thank you very much. I'm going. MANYA: André Aciman is best known as the author whose novel inspired the Oscar-winning film Call Me By Your Name – which is as much a tale of coming to terms with being Jewish and a minority, as it is an exquisite coming of age love story set in a villa on the Italian Riviera.  What readers and moviegoers didn't know is that the Italian villa is just a stand-in. The story's setting– its distant surf, serpentine architecture, and lush gardens where Elio and Oliver's romance blooms and Elio's spiritual awakening unfolds – is an ode to André's lost home, the coastal Egyptian city of Alexandria.  There, three generations of his Sephardic family had rebuilt the lives they left behind elsewhere as the Ottoman Empire crumbled, two world wars unfolded, a Jewish homeland was born, and nationalistic fervor swept across the Arab world and North Africa. There, in Alexandria, his family had enjoyed a cosmopolitan city and vibrant Jewish home. Until they couldn't and had to leave.  ANDRÉ: I would be lying if I said that I didn't project many things lost into my novels. In other words, to be able to re-experience the beach, I created a beach house. And that beach house has become, as you know, quite famous around the world. But it was really a portrait of the beach house that we had lost in Egypt.  And many things like that, I pilfer from my imagined past and dump into my books. And people always tell me, ‘God, you captured Italy so well.' Actually, that was not Italy, I hate to tell you. It was my reimagined or reinvented Egypt transposed into Italy and made to come alive again. MANYA: Before he penned Call Me By Your Name, André wrote his first book, Out of Egypt, a touching memoir about his family's picturesque life in Alexandria, the underlying anxiety that it could always vanish and how, under the nationalization effort led by Egypt's President Gamel Abdel Nassar, it did vanish. The memoir ends with the events surrounding the family's last Passover Seder before they say farewell.   ANDRÉ: This was part of the program of President Nasser, which was to take, particularly Alexandria, and turn it into an Egyptian city, sort of, purified of all European influences. And it worked.  As, by the way, and this is the biggest tragedy that happens to, particularly to Jews, is when a culture decides to expunge its Jews or to remove them in one way or another, it succeeds. It does succeed. You have a sense that it is possible for a culture to remove an entire population. And this is part of the Jewish experience to accept that this happens. MANYA: Egypt did not just expunge its Jewish community. It managed to erase Jews from the nation's collective memory. Only recently have people begun to rediscover the centuries of rich Jewish history in Egypt, including native Egyptian Jews dating back millennia. In addition, Egypt became a destination for Jews expelled from Spain in the 15th Century. And after the Suez Canal opened in 1869, a wave of more Jews came from the Ottoman Empire, Italy, and Greece. And at the end of the 19th Century, Ashkenazi Jews arrived, fleeing from European pogroms. DEBORAH STARR: The Jewish community in Egypt was very diverse. The longest standing community in Egypt would have been Arabic speaking Jews, we would say now Mizrahi Jews. MANYA: That's Deborah Starr, Professor of Modern Arabic and Hebrew Literature and Film at Cornell University. Her studies of cosmopolitan Egypt through a lens of literature and cinema have given her a unique window into how Jews arrived and left Egypt and how that history has been portrayed. She says Jews had a long history in Egypt through the Islamic period and a small population remained in the 19th century. Then a wave of immigration came. DEBORAH: We have an economic boom in Egypt. Jews start coming from around the Ottoman Empire, from around the Mediterranean, emigrating to Egypt from across North Africa. And so, from around 5,000 Jews in the middle of the 19th century, by the middle of the 20th century, at its peak, the Egyptian Jews numbered somewhere between 75 and 80,000. So, it was a significant increase, and you know, much more so than just the birth rate would explain. MANYA: André's family was part of that wave, having endured a series of exiles from Spain, Italy, and Turkey, before reaching Egypt. DEBORAH: Egypt has its independence movement, the 1919 revolution, which is characterized by this discourse of coexistence, that ‘we're all in this together.' There are images of Muslims and Christians marching together.  Jews were also supportive of this movement. There's this real sense of a plurality, of a pluralist society in Egypt, that's really evident in the ways that this movement is characterized. The interwar period is really this very vibrant time in Egyptian culture, but also this time of significant transition in its relationship to the British in the various movements, political movements that emerge in this period, and movements that will have a huge impact on the fate of the Jews of Egypt in the coming decades. MANYA: One of those movements was Zionism, the movement to establish a Jewish state in the biblical homeland of the Jews. In 1917, during the First World War, the British government occupying Egypt at the time, issued a public statement of support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, still an Ottoman region with a small minority Jewish population. That statement became known as the Balfour Declaration. DEBORAH: There was certainly evidence of a certain excitement about the Balfour Declaration of 1917. A certain amount of general support for the idea that Jews are going to live there, but not a whole lot of movement themselves. But we also have these really interesting examples of people who were on the record as supporting, of seeing themselves as Egyptians, as part of the anti-colonial Egyptian nationalism, who also gave financial support to the Jewish project in Palestine. And so, so there wasn't this sense of—you can't be one or the other. There wasn't this radical split. MANYA: Another movement unfolding simultaneously was the impulse to reclaim Egypt's independence, not just in legal terms – Egypt had technically gained independence from the British in 1922 – but suddenly what it meant to be Egyptian was defined against this foreign colonial power that had imposed its will on Egypt for years and still maintained a significant presence. DEBORAH: We also see moves within Egypt, toward the ‘Egyptianization' of companies or laws that start saying, we want to, we want to give priority to our citizens, because the economy had been so dominated by either foreigners or people who were local but had foreign nationality. And this begins to disproportionately affect the Jews.  Because so many of the Jews, you know, had been immigrants a generation or two earlier, some of them had either achieved protected status or, you know, arrived with papers from, from one or another of these European powers. MANYA: In 1929, Egypt adopted its first law giving citizenship to its residents. But it was not universally applied. By this time, the conflict in Palestine and the rise of Zionism had shifted how the Egyptian establishment viewed Jews.   DEBORAH: Particularly the Jews who had lived there for a really long time, some of whom were among the lower classes, who didn't travel to Europe every summer and didn't need papers to prove their citizenship, by the time they started seeing that it was worthwhile for them to get citizenship, it was harder for Jews to be approved. So, by the end, we do have a pretty substantial number of Jews who end up stateless. MANYA: Stateless. But not for long. In 1948, the Jewish state declared independence. In response, King Farouk of Egypt joined four other Arab nations in declaring war on the newly formed nation. And they lost.  The Arab nations' stunning defeat in that first Arab-Israeli War sparked a clandestine movement to overthrow the Egyptian monarchy, which was still seen as being in the pocket of the British. One of the orchestrators of that plot, known as the Free Officers Movement, was Col. Gamel Abdel Nassar. In 1952, a coup sent King Farouk on his way to Italy and Nassar eventually emerged as president. The official position of the Nassar regime was one of tolerance for the Jews. But that didn't always seem to be the case. DEBORAH: Between 1948 and ‘52, you do have a notable number of Jews who leave Egypt at this point who see the writing on the wall. Maybe they don't have very deep roots in Egypt, they've only been there for one or two generations, they have another nationality, they have someplace to go. About a third of the Jews who leave Egypt in the middle of the 20th century go to Europe, France, particularly. To a certain extent Italy. About a third go to the Americas, and about a third go to Israel. And among those who go to Israel, it's largely those who end up stateless. They have no place else to go because of those nationality laws that I mentioned earlier, have no choice but to go to Israel. MANYA: Those who stayed became especially vulnerable to the Nassar regime's sequestration of businesses. Then in 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal, a 120-mile-long waterway that connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean by way of the Red Sea – that same waterway that created opportunities for migration in the region a century earlier. DEBORAH: The real watershed moment is the 1956 Suez conflict. Israel, in collaboration with France, and Great Britain attacks Egypt, the conflict breaks out, you know, the French and the British come into the war on the side of the Israelis. And each of the powers has their own reasons for wanting, I mean, Nasser's threatening Israeli shipping, and, threatening the security of Israel, the French and the British, again, have their own reasons for trying to either take back the canal, or, just at least bring Nassar down a peg. MANYA: At war with France and Britain, Egypt targeted and expelled anyone with French and British nationality, including many Jews, but not exclusively. DEBORAH: But this is also the moment where I think there's a big pivot in how Jews feel about being in Egypt. And so, we start seeing larger waves of emigration, after 1956. So, this is really sort of the peak of the wave of emigration.  MANYA: André's family stayed. They already had endured a series of exiles. His father, an aspiring writer who copied passages by Marcel Proust into his diary, had set that dream aside to open a textile factory, rebuild from nothing what the family had lost elsewhere, and prepare young André to eventually take over the family business. He wasn't about to walk away from the family fortune – again. DEBORAH: André Aciman's story is quite, as I said, the majority of the Jewish community leaves in the aftermath of 1956. And his family stays a lot longer. So, he has incredible insights into what happens over that period, where the community has already significantly diminished. MANYA: Indeed, over the next nine years, the situation worsened. The Egyptian government took his father's factory, monitored their every move, frequently called the house with harassing questions about their whereabouts, or knocked on the door to issue warrants for his father's arrest, only to bring him in for more interrogation. As much as André's father clung to life in Egypt, it was becoming a less viable option with each passing day. ANDRÉ: He knew that the way Egypt was going, there was no room for him, really. And I remember during the last two years, in our last two years in Egypt, there wAs constantly references to the fact that we were going to go, this was not lasting, you know, what are we going to do? Where do we think we should go? And so on and so forth. So, this was a constant sort of conversation we were having. MANYA: Meanwhile, young André encountered a level of antisemitism that scarred him deeply and shaped his perception of how the world perceives Jews. ANDRÉ: It was oppressive in good part because people started throwing stones in the streets. So, there was a sense of ‘Get out of here. We don't want you here.' MANYA: It was in the streets and in the schools, which were undergoing an Arabization after the end of British rule, making Arabic the new lingua franca and antisemitism the norm. ANDRÉ: There's no question that antisemitism was now rooted in place. In my school, where I went, I went to a British school, but it had become Egyptian, although they taught English, predominantly English, but we had to take Arabic classes, in sort of social sciences, in history, and in Arabic as well. And in the Arabic class, which I took for many years, I had to study poems that were fundamentally anti-Jewish. Not just anti-Israeli, which is a big distinction that people like to make, it doesn't stick. I was reading and reciting poems that were against me. And the typical cartoon for a Jew was a man with a beard, big tummy, hook nose, and I knew ‘This is really me, isn't it? OK.' And so you look at yourself with a saber, right, running through it with an Egyptian flag. And I'll never forget this. This was, basically I was told that this is something I had to learn and accept and side with – by the teachers, and by the books themselves.  And the irony of the whole thing is that one of the best tutors we had, was actually the headmaster of the Jewish school. He was Jewish in very sort of—very Orthodox himself. And he was teaching me how to recite those poems that were anti-Jewish. And of course, he had to do it with a straight face. MANYA: One by one, Jewish neighbors lost their livelihoods and unable to overcome the stigma, packed their bags and left. In his memoir, André recalls how prior to each family's departure, the smell of leather lingered in their homes from the dozens of suitcases they had begun to pack. By 1965, the smell of leather began to waft through André's home. ANDRÉ: Eventually, one morning, or one afternoon, I came back from school. And my father said to me, ‘You know, they don't want us here anymore.' Those were exactly the words he used. ‘They don't want us here.' I said, ‘What do you mean?' ‘Well, they've expelled us.'  And I was expelled with my mother and my brother, sooner than my father was. So, we had to leave the country. We realized we were being expelled, maybe in spring, and we left in May. And so, for about a month or so, the house was a mess because there were suitcases everywhere, and people. My mother was packing constantly, constantly. But we knew we were going to go to Italy, we knew we had an uncle in Italy who was going to host us, or at least make life livable for us when we arrived. We had obtained Italian papers, obtained through various means. I mean, whatever. They're not exactly legitimate ways of getting a citizenship, but it was given to my father, and he took it. And we changed our last name from Ajiman, which is how it was pronounced, to Aciman because the Italians saw the C and assumed it was that. My father had some money in Europe already. So that was going to help us survive. But we knew my mother and I and my brother, that we were now sort of functionally poor. MANYA: In hindsight, André now knows the family's expulsion at that time was the best thing that could have happened. Two years later, Israel trounced Egypt in the Six-Day War, nearly destroying the Egyptian Air Force, taking control of the Gaza Strip and the entire Sinai Peninsula, as well as territory from Egypt's allies in the conflict, Syria and Jordan. The few remaining Jews in Egypt were sent to internment camps, including the chief rabbis of Cairo and Alexandria and the family of one of André's schoolmates whose father was badly beaten. After three years in Italy, André's family joined his mother's sister in America, confirming once and for all that their life in Egypt was gone. ANDRÉ: I think there was a kind of declaration of their condition. In other words, they never overcame the fact that they had lost a way of life. And of course, the means to sustain that life was totally taken away, because they were nationalized, and had their property sequestered, everything was taken away from them. So, they were tossed into the wild sea. My mother basically knew how to shut the book on Egypt, she stopped thinking about Egypt, she was an American now. She was very happy to have become a citizen of the United States.  Whereas my father, who basically was the one who had lost more than she had, because he had built his own fortune himself, never overcame it. And so, he led a life of the exile who continues to go to places and to restaurants that are costly, but that he can still manage to afford if he watches himself. So, he never took cabs, he always took the bus. Then he lived a pauper's life, but with good clothing, because he still had all his clothing from his tailor in Egypt. But it was a bit of a production, a performance for him.  MANYA: André's father missed the life he had in Egypt. André longs for the life he could've had there. ANDRÉ: I was going to study in England, I was going to come back to Egypt, I was going to own the factory. This was kind of inscribed in my genes at that point. And of course, you give up that, as I like to say, and I've written about this many times, is that whatever you lose, or whatever never happened, continues to sort of sub-exist somewhere in your mind. In other words, it's something that has been taken away from you, even though it never existed.  MANYA: But like his mother, André moved on. In fact, he says moving on is part of the Jewish experience. Married with sons of his own, he now is a distinguished professor at the Graduate Center of City University of New York, teaching the history of literary theory. He is also one of the foremost experts on Marcel Proust, that French novelist whose passages his father once transcribed in his diaries. André's own novels and anthologies have won awards and inspired Academy Award-winning screenplays. Like Israel opened its doors and welcomed all of those stateless Egyptian Jews, America opened doors for André. Going to college in the Bronx after growing up in Egypt and Italy? That introduced him to being openly Jewish.  ANDRÉ: I went to Lehman College, as an undergraduate, I came to the States in September. I came too late to go to college, but I went to an event at that college in October or November, and already people were telling me they were Jewish.  You know, ‘I'm Jewish, and this and that,' and, and so I felt ‘Oh, God, it's like, you mean people can be natural about their Judaism? And so, I began saying to people, ‘I'm Jewish, too,' or I would no longer feel this sense of hiding my Jewishness, which came when I came to America. Not before. Not in Italy. Not in Egypt certainly. But the experience of being in a place that was fundamentally all Jewish, like being in the Bronx in 1968, was mind opening for me, it was: I can let everything down, I can be Jewish like everybody else. It's no longer a secret. I don't have to pretend that I was a Protestant when I didn't even know what kind of Protestant I was. As a person growing up in an antisemitic environment. You have many guards, guardrails in place, so you know how not to let it out this way, or that way or this other way. You don't speak about matzah. You don't speak about charoset. You don't speak about anything, so as to prevent yourself from giving out that you're Jewish. MANYA: Though the doors had been flung open and it felt much safer to be openly Jewish, André to this day cannot forget the antisemitism that poisoned his formative years. ANDRÉ: I assume that everybody's antisemitic at some point. It is very difficult to meet someone who is not Jewish, who, after they've had many drinks, will not turn out to be slightly more antisemitic than you expected. It is there. It's culturally dominant. And so, you have to live with this. As my grandmother used to say, I'm just giving this person time until I discover how antisemitic they are. It was always a question of time. MANYA: His family's various displacements and scattered roots in Spain, Turkey, Egypt, Italy, and now America, have led him to question his identity and what he calls home. ANDRÉ: I live with this sense of: I don't know where I belong. I don't know who I am. I don't know any of those things. What's my flag? I have no idea. Where's my home? I don't know. I live in New York. I've lived in New York for 50 years. Is it my home? Not really. But Egypt was never going to be my home. MANYA: André knew when he was leaving Egypt that he would one day write a book about the experience. He knew he should take notes, but never did. And like his father, he started a diary, but it was lost. He started another in 1969.  After completing his dissertation, he began to write book reviews for Commentary, a monthly American magazine on religion, Judaism and politics founded and published, at the time, by American Jewish Committee.  The editor suggested André write something personal, and that was the beginning of Out of Egypt. In fact, three chapters of his memoir, including The Last Seder, appeared in Commentary before it was published as a book in 1994.  André returned to Egypt shortly after its release. But he has not been back since, even though his sons want to accompany him on a trip. ANDRÉ: They want to go back, because they want to go back with me. Question is, I don't want to put them in danger. You never know. You never know how people will react to . . . I mean, I'll go back as a writer who wrote about Egypt and was Jewish. And who knows what awaits me? Whether it will be friendly, will it be icy and chilly. Or will it be hostile? I don't know. And I don't want to put myself there. In other words, the view of the Jews has changed. It went to friendly, to enemy, to friendly, enemy, enemy, friendly, and so on, so forth. In other words, it is a fundamentally unreliable situation.  MANYA: He also doesn't see the point. It's impossible to recapture the past. The pictures he sees don't look familiar and the people he used to know with affection have died. But he doesn't want the past to be forgotten. None of it. He wants the world to remember the vibrant Jewish life that existed in Cairo and Alexandria, as well as the vile hatred that drove all but a handful of Jews out of Egypt. Cornell Professor Deborah Starr says for the first time in many years, young Egyptians are asking tough questions about the Arabization of Egyptian society and how that affected Egyptian Jews. Perhaps, Israel and Zionism did not siphon Jewish communities from the Arab world as the story often goes. Perhaps instead, Israel offered a critical refuge for a persecuted community. DEBORAH: I think it's really important to tell the stories of Mizrahi Jews. I think that, particularly here we are speaking in English to an American audience, where the majority of Jews in North America are Ashkenazi, we have our own identity, we have our own stories. But there are also other stories that are really interesting to tell, and are part of the history of Jews in the 20th and 21st centuries. They're part of the Jewish experience. And so that's some of what has always motivated me in my research, and looking at the stories of coexistence among Jews and their neighbors in Egypt. MANYA: Professor Starr says the rise of Islamist forces like the Muslim Brotherhood has led Egyptians to harken back toward this period of tolerance and coexistence, evoking a sense of nostalgia. DEBORAH: The people are no longer living together. But it's worth remembering that past, it's worth reflecting on it in an honest way, and not, to look at the nostalgia and say: oh, look, these people are nostalgic about it, what is it that they're nostalgic for? What are some of the motivations for that nostalgia? How are they characterizing this experience? But also to look kind of critically on the past and understand, where things were working where things weren't and, and to tell the story in an honest way. MANYA: Though the communities are gone, there has been an effort to restore the evidence of Jewish life. Under Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, Egypt's president since 2014, there have been initiatives to restore and protect synagogues and cemeteries, including Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue in Alexandria, Maimonides' original yeshiva in old Cairo, and Cairo's vast Jewish cemetery at Bassatine. But André is unmoved by this gesture. ANDRÉ: In fact, I got a call from the Egyptian ambassador to my house here, saying, ‘We're fixing the temples and the synagogues, and we want you back.' ‘Oh, that's very nice. First of all,' I told him, ‘fixing the synagogues doesn't do anything for me because I'm not a religious Jew. And second of all, I would be more than willing to come back to Egypt, when you give me my money back.' He never called me again. MANYA: Anytime the conversation about reparations comes up, it is overshadowed by the demand for reparations for Palestinians displaced by the creation of Israel, even though their leaders have rejected all offers for a Palestinian state. André wishes the Arab countries that have attacked Israel time and again would invest that money in the welfare of Palestinian refugees, help them start new lives, and to thrive instead of using them as pawns in a futile battle.  He will always be grateful to HIAS, the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, for helping his family escape, resettle, and rebuild their lives. ANDRÉ: We've made new lives for ourselves. We've moved on, and I think this is what Jews do all the time, all the time. They arrive or they're displaced, kicked out, they refashion themselves. Anytime I can help a Jew I will. Because they've helped me, because it's the right thing to do for a Jew. If a Jew does not help another Jew, what kind of a Jew are you? I mean, you could be a nonreligious Jew as I am, but I am still Jewish.  And I realize that we are a people that has historically suffered a great deal, because we were oppressed forever, and we might be oppressed again. Who knows, ok? But we help each other, and I don't want to break that chain. MANYA: Egyptian Jews are just one of the many Jewish communities who in the last century left Arab countries to forge new lives for themselves and future generations. Join us next week as we share another untold story of The Forgotten Exodus. Many thanks to André for sharing his story. You can read more in his memoir Out of Egypt and eventually in the sequel which he's working on now about his family's life in Italy after they left Egypt and before they came to America.  Does your family have roots in North Africa or the Middle East? One of the goals of this series is to make sure we gather these stories before they are lost. Too many times during my reporting, I encountered children and grandchildren who didn't have the answers to my questions because they had never asked. That's why one of the goals of this project is to encourage you to find more of these stories.  Call The Forgotten Exodus hotline. Tell us where your family is from and something you'd like for our listeners to know such as how you've tried to keep the traditions alive and memories alive as well. Call 212.891-1336 and leave a message of 2 minutes or less. Be sure to leave your name and where you live now. You can also send an email to theforgottenexodus@ajc.org and we'll be in touch. Atara Lakritz is our producer, CucHuong Do is our production manager. T.K. Broderick is our sound engineer. Special thanks to Jon Schweitzer, Sean Savage, Ian Kaplan, and so many of our colleagues, too many to name really, for making this series possible. And extra special thanks to David Harris, who has been a constant champion for making sure these stories do not remain untold. You can follow The Forgotten Exodus on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or wherever you listen to podcasts, and you can sign up to receive updates at AJC.org/forgottenexodussignup. The views and opinions of our guests don't necessarily reflect the positions of AJC.  You can reach us at theforgottenexodus@ajc.org. If you've enjoyed this episode, please be sure to spread the word, and hop onto Apple Podcasts to rate us and write a review to help more listeners find us.

The Forgotten Exodus
Egypt

The Forgotten Exodus

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 15, 2022 33:32 Very Popular


In the first half of the 20th century, Egypt went through profound social and political upheavals culminating in the rise of President Gamal Abdel Nasser and his campaign of Arabization, creating an oppressive atmosphere for the country's Jews, and leading almost all to flee or be kicked out of the country. Hear the personal story of award-winning author André Aciman as he recounts the heart-wrenching details of the pervasive antisemitism during his childhood in Alexandria and his family's expulsion in 1965, which he wrote about in his memoir Out of Egypt, and also inspired his novel Call Me by Your Name.  Joining Aciman is Deborah Starr, a professor of Near Eastern and Jewish Studies at Cornell University, who chronicles the history of Egypt's Jewish community that dates back millennia, and the events that led to their erasure from Egypt's collective memory. Aciman's modern-day Jewish exodus story is one that touches on identity, belonging, and nationality: Where is your home when you become a refugee at age 14? ___ Show notes: Sign up to receive podcast updates here. Learn more about the series here. Song credits:  Rampi Rampi, Aksaray'in Taslari, Bir Demet Yasemen by Turku, Nomads of the Silk Road Pond5:  “Desert Caravans”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI), Composer: Tiemur Zarobov (BMI), IPI#1098108837 “Sentimental Oud Middle Eastern”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI), Composer: Sotirios Bakas (BMI), IPI#797324989. “Frontiers”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI); Composer: Pete Checkley (BMI), IPI#380407375 “Adventures in the East”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI) Composer: Petar Milinkovic (BMI), IPI#00738313833. “Middle Eastern Arabic Oud”: Publisher: Pond5 Publishing Beta (BMI); Composer: Sotirios Bakas (BMI), IPI#797324989 ___ Episode Transcript: ANDRÉ ACIMAN: I've lived in New York for 50 years. Is it my home? Not really. But Egypt was never going to be my home. It had become oppressive to be Jewish. MANYA BRACHEAR PASHMAN: The world has overlooked an important episode in modern history: the 800,000 Jews who left or were driven from their homes in Arab nations and Iran in the mid-20th century. This series, brought to you by American Jewish Committee, explores that pivotal moment in Jewish history and the rich Jewish heritage of Iran and Arab nations as some begin to build relations with Israel. I'm your host, Manya Brachear Pashman. Join us as we explore family histories and personal stories of courage, perseverance, and resilience.  This is The Forgotten Exodus. Today's episode: leaving Egypt. Author André Aciman can't stand Passover Seders. They are long and tedious. Everyone gets hungry long before it's time to eat. It's also an unwelcome reminder of when André was 14 and his family was forced to leave Egypt – the only home he had ever known. On their last night there, he recounts his family gathered for one last Seder in his birthplace. ANDRÉ: By the time I was saying goodbye, the country, Egypt, had essentially become sort of Judenrein.  MANYA:  Judenrein is the term of Nazi origin meaning “free of Jews”. Most, if not all of the Jews, had already left. ANDRÉ: By the time we were kicked out, we were kicked out literally from Egypt, my parents had already had a life in Egypt. My mother was born in Egypt, she had been wealthy. My father became wealthy. And of course, they had a way of living life that they knew they were abandoning. They had no idea what was awaiting them. They knew it was going to be different, but they had no sense. I, for one, being younger, I just couldn't wait to leave. Because it had become oppressive to be Jewish. As far as I was concerned, it was goodbye. Thank you very much. I'm going. MANYA: André Aciman is best known as the author whose novel inspired the Oscar-winning film Call Me By Your Name – which is as much a tale of coming to terms with being Jewish and a minority, as it is an exquisite coming of age love story set in a villa on the Italian Riviera.  What readers and moviegoers didn't know is that the Italian villa is just a stand-in. The story's setting– its distant surf, serpentine architecture, and lush gardens where Elio and Oliver's romance blooms and Elio's spiritual awakening unfolds – is an ode to André's lost home, the coastal Egyptian city of Alexandria.  There, three generations of his Sephardic family had rebuilt the lives they left behind elsewhere as the Ottoman Empire crumbled, two world wars unfolded, a Jewish homeland was born, and nationalistic fervor swept across the Arab world and North Africa. There, in Alexandria, his family had enjoyed a cosmopolitan city and vibrant Jewish home. Until they couldn't and had to leave.  ANDRÉ: I would be lying if I said that I didn't project many things lost into my novels. In other words, to be able to re-experience the beach, I created a beach house. And that beach house has become, as you know, quite famous around the world. But it was really a portrait of the beach house that we had lost in Egypt.  And many things like that, I pilfer from my imagined past and dump into my books. And people always tell me, ‘God, you captured Italy so well.' Actually, that was not Italy, I hate to tell you. It was my reimagined or reinvented Egypt transposed into Italy and made to come alive again. MANYA: Before he penned Call Me By Your Name, André wrote his first book, Out of Egypt, a touching memoir about his family's picturesque life in Alexandria, the underlying anxiety that it could always vanish and how, under the nationalization effort led by Egypt's President Gamel Abdel Nassar, it did vanish. The memoir ends with the events surrounding the family's last Passover Seder before they say farewell.   ANDRÉ: This was part of the program of President Nasser, which was to take, particularly Alexandria, and turn it into an Egyptian city, sort of, purified of all European influences. And it worked.  As, by the way, and this is the biggest tragedy that happens to, particularly to Jews, is when a culture decides to expunge its Jews or to remove them in one way or another, it succeeds. It does succeed. You have a sense that it is possible for a culture to remove an entire population. And this is part of the Jewish experience to accept that this happens. MANYA: Egypt did not just expunge its Jewish community. It managed to erase Jews from the nation's collective memory. Only recently have people begun to rediscover the centuries of rich Jewish history in Egypt, including native Egyptian Jews dating back millennia. In addition, Egypt became a destination for Jews expelled from Spain in the 15th Century. And after the Suez Canal opened in 1869, a wave of more Jews came from the Ottoman Empire, Italy, and Greece. And at the end of the 19th Century, Ashkenazi Jews arrived, fleeing from European pogroms. DEBORAH STARR: The Jewish community in Egypt was very diverse. The longest standing community in Egypt would have been Arabic speaking Jews, we would say now Mizrahi Jews. MANYA: That's Deborah Starr, Professor of Modern Arabic and Hebrew Literature and Film at Cornell University. Her studies of cosmopolitan Egypt through a lens of literature and cinema have given her a unique window into how Jews arrived and left Egypt and how that history has been portrayed. She says Jews had a long history in Egypt through the Islamic period and a small population remained in the 19th century. Then a wave of immigration came. DEBORAH: We have an economic boom in Egypt. Jews start coming from around the Ottoman Empire, from around the Mediterranean, emigrating to Egypt from across North Africa. And so, from around 5,000 Jews in the middle of the 19th century, by the middle of the 20th century, at its peak, the Egyptian Jews numbered somewhere between 75 and 80,000. So, it was a significant increase, and you know, much more so than just the birth rate would explain. MANYA: André's family was part of that wave, having endured a series of exiles from Spain, Italy, and Turkey, before reaching Egypt. DEBORAH: Egypt has its independence movement, the 1919 revolution, which is characterized by this discourse of coexistence, that ‘we're all in this together.' There are images of Muslims and Christians marching together.  Jews were also supportive of this movement. There's this real sense of a plurality, of a pluralist society in Egypt, that's really evident in the ways that this movement is characterized. The interwar period is really this very vibrant time in Egyptian culture, but also this time of significant transition in its relationship to the British in the various movements, political movements that emerge in this period, and movements that will have a huge impact on the fate of the Jews of Egypt in the coming decades. MANYA: One of those movements was Zionism, the movement to establish a Jewish state in the biblical homeland o