American Patriot and statesman during the American Revolution (1737â€“1793)
Food is sustenance, it keeps us alive, it keeps us energized and it keeps us happy. In the context of military history, it can also determine the outcome of a battle. Tune in and learn about our episode's namesake, Hardtack, and a brief history of military rations from America, Australia, and Japan. You can find the Hardtack Community on all our socials via our linktree. If you have any feedback on our episodes or suggestions for future episodes, please send us an email: email@example.com Don't forget to rate us and stab that subscribe button! Make your Own Hardtack! Hardtack Recipe (Survival Bread) - Bread Dad Civil War Recipe: Hardtack (1861) – The American Table Sources: American Rationing 18th Century Soldier's Rations - Cooking Series at Jas Townsend and Son S1E1, 2011. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUt1ZHs3wQ8. Boatner, Mark Mayo. The Civil War Dictionary. New York : McKay, 1959. http://archive.org/details/civilwardictiona0000unse_x8g4. “Founders Online: From George Washington to John Hancock, 4–5 August 1775.” University of Virginia Press. Accessed September 29, 2022. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-01-02-0150. “Founders Online: General Orders, 8 August 1775.” University of Virginia Press. Accessed September 29, 2022. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-01-02-0173. Rezneck, Samuel. “Horsford's ‘Marching Ration' for the Civil War Army.” Military Affairs 33, no. 1 (1969): 249–55. https://doi.org/10.2307/1984484. Australian Rationing https://www.oldtreasurybuilding.org.au/work-for-victory/housewives-to-action/food-rationing/ https://www.army.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-11/operational_ration_o2_0.pdf https://australianfoodtimeline.com.au/1915-army-rations-in-world-war-i/ https://www.mreinfo.com/international-rations/australian-rations/australian-cr5m/ https://www.alimentarium.org/en/fact-sheet/military-rations https://www.alimentarium.org/en/fact-sheet/appertisation https://www.thc.texas.gov/blog/hardtack-original-mre#:~:text=Hardtack%20was%20a%20favored%20food,both%20sides%20were%20given%20hardtack. https://www.awm.gov.au/articles/encyclopedia/anzac/biscuit Japanese Rationing Barker, A. J. Japanese Army Handbook, 1939-1945. New York, NY: Hippocrene Books, 1979. Cook, Haruko Taya, and Theodore Failor Cook. Japan at War: An Oral History. London: Phoenix, 2000. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/hardtackpod/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/hardtackpod/support
Want the full episode? Check out Ep.56, or download it directly using this link: https://api.spreaker.com/v2/episodes/51388171/download.mp3You're allowed to visit the “poor me” house, but you're not allowed to move in. This requires a conscious decision to overcome and move forward.Jeremy Poincenot, professional blind golfer, joins the show to share his experience of grief from losing his sight, his decision to become a professional blind golfer, and the challenges (and benefits!) that come along with golfing without sight.KEY TOPICS- The grief process- Limiting environmental distractions- Risk assessment- Adaptation to changeCONNECT WITH USDecidedlypodcast.comInstagram: @decidedlypodcast Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/decidedlypodcastShawn's Instagram: @shawn_d_smith Sanger's Instagram: @sangersmith MAKING A FINANCIAL DECISION?At Decidedly Wealth Management, we focus on decision-making as the foundational element of success, in our effort to empower families to purposefully apply their wealth to fulfill their values and build a thriving legacy.LEARN MORE: www.decidedlywealth.comInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/decidedlywealth/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DecidedlyWealth/Subscribe to our newsletter for weekly decision-making tips: https://visitor.r20.constantcontact.com/manage/optin?v=001aeU_pPBHJPNJWJBdVbaci6bjGIuEJurH12xHBWDEVT_NxyCadMd7wLSZjcEZglkSjDjehuIbTHD8nABOIdV69ctfYpSzg24RCIytetBUrlIPPKgaGzjGZ8DkM0Wp1LMjbErcYUur7PbZGjeVo4gyXlz821AoJGZRJoin us every Wednesday for more strategies to DEFEAT bad decision-making - one episode at a time!MENTIONED IN THIS EPISODEThe food Jeremy had at the blindfolded dinner, by Chef Jon Bonnell: https://bonnellstexas.com/about/the-chef/CONNECT WITH JEREMY POINCENOTInstagram: @jeremypoincenotFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/JeremyPoincenotLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/jeremypoincenot/Website: firstname.lastname@example.orgText SEE to 55444 to join Jeremy's newsletter!At 19, Jeremy was your typical San Diego State University Sophomore. He had friends, sports, fraternity and most importantly, perfect 20/20 vision. Then it happened, no warning, no time to prepare. His life began to blur. Over the next few months, he lost central vision in his right eye, followed closely by his left. The diagnosis: a rare genetic disorder called Lebers Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON), a disease that affects a mere 100 people in the U.S. each year with no treatment or cure in sight. At first, he thought losing his sight meant forfeiting his life. But he soon learned that with every challenge comes an opportunity for growth. With hard work, dedication, and his dad as his guide, a year after losing his sight he was able to compete in and win the 2010 World Blind Golf Championship in England. He's since won 2 more World & 8 National Blind Golf Championships.He continually strives to raise awareness of LHON, and along with the help of his friends, has created the C.U.R.E. Ride (Cycling Under Reduced Eyesight), an annual fundraising bike ride that's raised over $350,000 for LHON research. His goal is to raise a million. Now, he focuses his attention on inspiring people all over the world, sharing his story and encouraging others to gain perspective in their lives as an inspirational speaker, workshop facilitator, and performance coach. He has had the privilege of being featured on ABC's 20/20, CNN.com, MTV's True Life and ESPN.com and has spoken for many prestigious companies including Wells Fargo, Aflac, Honda, Kaiser Permanente, John Hancock and many more. In each presentation, the message is that life is about making choices and if you choose to have a positive outlook, resolute purpose, and a hint of humor, anything is possible.
You're allowed to visit the “poor me” house, but you're not allowed to move in. This requires a conscious decision to overcome and move forward.Jeremy Poincenot, professional blind golfer, joins the show to share his experience of grief from losing his sight, his decision to become a professional blind golfer, and the challenges (and benefits!) that come along with golfing without sight.KEY TOPICS- The grief process- Limiting environmental distractions- Risk assessment- Adaptation to changeCONNECT WITH USDecidedlypodcast.comInstagram: @decidedlypodcast Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/decidedlypodcastShawn's Instagram: @shawn_d_smith Sanger's Instagram: @sangersmith MAKING A FINANCIAL DECISION?At Decidedly Wealth Management, we focus on decision-making as the foundational element of success, in our effort to empower families to purposefully apply their wealth to fulfill their values and build a thriving legacy.LEARN MORE: www.decidedlywealth.comInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/decidedlywealth/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DecidedlyWealth/Subscribe to our newsletter for weekly decision-making tips: https://visitor.r20.constantcontact.com/manage/optin?v=001aeU_pPBHJPNJWJBdVbaci6bjGIuEJurH12xHBWDEVT_NxyCadMd7wLSZjcEZglkSjDjehuIbTHD8nABOIdV69ctfYpSzg24RCIytetBUrlIPPKgaGzjGZ8DkM0Wp1LMjbErcYUur7PbZGjeVo4gyXlz821AoJGZRJoin us every Wednesday for more strategies to DEFEAT bad decision-making - one episode at a time!MENTIONED IN THIS EPISODEThe food Jeremy had at the blindfolded dinner, by Chef Jon Bonnell: https://bonnellstexas.com/about/the-chef/CONNECT WITH JEREMY POINCENOTInstagram: @jeremypoincenotFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/JeremyPoincenotLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/jeremypoincenot/Website: email@example.comText SEE to 55444 to join Jeremy's newsletter!At 19, Jeremy was your typical San Diego State University Sophomore. He had friends, sports, fraternity and most importantly, perfect 20/20 vision. Then it happened, no warning, no time to prepare. His life began to blur. Over the next few months, he lost central vision in his right eye, followed closely by his left. The diagnosis: a rare genetic disorder called Lebers Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON), a disease that affects a mere 100 people in the U.S. each year with no treatment or cure in sight. At first, he thought losing his sight meant forfeiting his life. But he soon learned that with every challenge comes an opportunity for growth. With hard work, dedication, and his dad as his guide, a year after losing his sight he was able to compete in and win the 2010 World Blind Golf Championship in England. He's since won 2 more World & 8 National Blind Golf Championships.He continually strives to raise awareness of LHON, and along with the help of his friends, has created the C.U.R.E. Ride (Cycling Under Reduced Eyesight), an annual fundraising bike ride that's raised over $350,000 for LHON research. His goal is to raise a million. Now, he focuses his attention on inspiring people all over the world, sharing his story and encouraging others to gain perspective in their lives as an inspirational speaker, workshop facilitator, and performance coach. He has had the privilege of being featured on ABC's 20/20, CNN.com, MTV's True Life and ESPN.com and has spoken for many prestigious companies including Wells Fargo, Aflac, Honda, Kaiser Permanente, John Hancock and many more. In each presentation, the message is that life is about making choices and if you choose to have a positive outlook, resolute purpose, and a hint of humor, anything is possible.
Welcome to episode #40 of the Fiduciary U Podcast. My guest on this episode is Andy Hudson, the Managing Partner of 401k Champions and a well-known coach, consultant, and sales strategy expert to top 401k advisors, typically generating $1m+ in annual revenue. He started his consulting practice over a decade ago after more than a decade in the retirement industry at companies like John Hancock and Manulife. On the episode, we have a great discussion about practice management for retirement plan advisors and how they can work on their business instead of just in the business. We cover sales strategies like the importance of building a proprietary process to differentiate your practice, demonstrating deep expertise by diagnosing accurately so you can prescribe effectively, avoiding the urge to sell prospects on what services you offer instead of future outcomes you can achieve, and how to create a flexible narrative and messaging approach that can be applied to the unique needs of your prospects. Finally, we also discuss Andy's consulting philosophy which is built around 3 pillars: sales and lead generation, service model and growth map and how advisors can identify their biggest business driver so they can focus on that area.
Do you do what it takes to save those you love, or are you of the people, for the people? Listen now to hear Jennasis and Virvada discuss going ghoul, finding love after loss, and getting lucky despite not feeling like deserving it. In the last part of the episode, the girls were joined once again by artiste extraordinaire CloudyAtlas to discuss why she always goes ghoul. Please like, subscribe, and leave a review! Watch live on Fridays at 10:30pm ET: https://www.twitch.tv/twogirlsoneship Follow us on all the socials https://linktr.ee/twogirlsoneship Advertise with us & business inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org Theme song: TGOS Theme from Pipeman Studios Check out Cloudy's Twitter @cloudyatlas22 Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Bo & Beth welcome Panthers legend John Kasay to the studio with David Chadwick to catch up about life and talk about the current team. Sean O'Connell talks Cobra Kai, Fletch, and more. Theresa Payton breaks down the new iPhone OS16. Plus, John Hancock returns, COVID Brain Fog, returning to your favorite job, long lost Happy Meal toys, the end of Pandemic Perks, and more from the playlist inside Beth's head!See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
On today's show, Michael Kelley, or as he says, Michael Hancock, is joined by Jean Evans, former Missouri Representative and political consultant. Nothing's off the table with these two - they talk school choice, the Queen's funeral, and that's right, naked pickleball. John Hancock calls in at the end to talk sports and check in.
John Howell speaks with Bamani Obadele, Community Engagement Director for Acclivus. Obadele says it was shameful for Darren Bailey to politicize the shooting in Washington Park. He also challenges Bailey to roll up his sleeves and actually get involved in neighborhoods rather than watching everything from above in the John Hancock building. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
John Howell speaks with Bamani Obadele, Community Engagement Director for Acclivus. Obadele says it was shameful for Darren Bailey to politicize the shooting in Washington Park. He also challenges Bailey to roll up his sleeves and actually get involved in neighborhoods rather than watching everything from above in the John Hancock building. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
The Diamond League came to an end with a festival in Zurich that saw a massive shot by Joe Kovacs, world leaders by Jakob Ingebrigtsen and Emmanuel Korir, and statistically the fastest 100m run by Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce. Three days later Laura Muir set a course record and Jake Wightman threepeated at the NB 5th Avenue Mile. Kenenisa Bekele tuned up for the London Marathon. Does he have another miracle at age 40? Plus Cooper Teare is officially in Bowerman and not happy with Jonathan Gault, Boston needs a sponsor, Elle St. Pierre is pregnant and Rojo is Rojo. Join our Supporters Club and take your running fandom to the highest level. Get all the LetsRun.com content, a second podcast every week, savings on running shoes, and a lot more. https://www.letsrun.com/subscribe Show notes (Join the Supporters Club to get show notes every week, a 2nd podcast every week, huge savings on running shoes, and exclusive LetsRun.com content) 1:32 Cooper Teare not happy with Jon for breaking Bowerman news 7:29 Big takeways from Zurich Diamond League final 13:31 Take away the bye, will Noah Lyles run USAs next year? 22:11 The temporary track from Conica in Zurich, the 5000 finals on it 30:32 Joe Kovacs 23.23 34:39 John Kellogg on Frank Shorters training + Who was better runner? Pre or Grant Fisher? 40:07 5th Avenue Mile - Laura Muir dominates with record, Jake Wightman x 3 47:52 Sydney Maree ran 3:47.52 with 100,000 fans at first 5th Avenue Mile in 1981? 53:05 Rojo's inappropriate segment of the week 56:14 John Hancock will no longer sponsor Boston Marathon 62:37 Great North Run: Which is better Farah, Bekele, Gebrselassie or Cheptegei, Kiplimo, Barega? 66:26 40-year old Kenenisa Bekele runs 61 minutes, what are his chances in London? 73:57 Rojo's plan for Bekele and Farah 75:47 Elle St. Pierre is pregnant (and was pregnant at USAs and Worlds) 80:43 Anderson Peters beaten up + no recall with fall at 5th Avenue Mile Contact us: Email email@example.com or call 1-844-LETSRUN and hit option 7 for the secret podcast voicemail. Join our Supporters Club and take your running fandom to the highest level. Get all the LetsRun.com content, a second podcast every week, savings on running shoes, and a lot more. https://www.letsrun.com/subscribe Check out the LetsRun.com store. https://shop.letsrun.com/ We've got the softest running shirts in the business. Thanks for listening. Please rate us on itunes and spread the word with a friend. There is a reason we're the #1 podcast dedicated to Olympic level running. Send us your feedback online: https://pinecast.com/feedback/letsrun/557fb613-b3d3-4bef-acb2-aec1a2140a75
Enio Augusto e Marcos Buosi trazem as notícias do mundo da corrida com os comentários, informações, opiniões e análises mais pertinentes, peculiares e inesperadas. Alison dos Santos campeão da Diamond League; Nike Air Zoom Alphafly NEXT% 2; Uphill Marathon; Eilish McColgan e Mo Farah vencem a Big Half em Londres; Bekele, Barega, Cheptegei e Kiplimo na Great North Run; John Hancock não vai mais patrocinar a Maratona de Boston depois de 2023; Homem coloca rum em copos de água na Maratona do México.
Hello Fellow Patriots! Things are reaching a point of no return and in this episode we talk about The Liberty Affair, or sometimes referred to as The Liberty Riots, and then of course when England confiscated The Liberty, a ship owned by John Hancock. Tensions are at the max and my next show is going to cover the occupation of Boston and the Boston Massacre. Don't forget to visit our website for resources, links, photos and more. Host: Ron Kern Patriot Power Podcast Website Ask a question and Join our Podcast • Episode 12 show notes, resources and information David McCullough - The Greatness of John Adams David McCullough - 2019 Library of Congress National Book Festival David McCullough - The Storm Before the Constitution ____________________________ The Liberty Affair - Article The Liberty Ship Joseph Harrison & The Liberty Incident Battle of Eutaw Springs Battle of Eutaw Springs - Wikipedia --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/patriotpowerpodcast/message
Today on Boston Public Radio: Congresswoman Ayanna Pressley talked about her push to secure abortion care, gave thoughts on this week's primaries and the big wins for women in Mass. politics and spoke on the strategy for Democrats headed into the midterms. Pressley is the U.S. representative for Massachusetts 7th District. Then, we asked listeners about the recent trend of “quiet quitting.” Shirley Leung talked about the excess of money on Beacon Hill, the fallout of the Orange Line shutdown, John Hancock stepping back from its role at the Boston Marathon, and the editor and chief of the Boston Globe stepping down. Leung is a business columnist for the Boston Globe. Sue O'Connell talked about the passing of Queen Elizabeth and Bernard Shaw, an upcoming same-sex marriage vote in Congress, and the controversy surrounding the upcoming movie: “Don't Worry Darling.” O'Connell is the co-publisher of Bay Windows and South End News, and contributor to Current, on NBC L-X and NECN. Jared Bowen gave an arts rundown, including his take on the changing role of artificial intelligence in art, the newly unveiled portraits of the Obamas, and their original portraits being displayed at the MFA, and the Huntington Theater's new musical “Sing Street.” Bowen is GBH's executive arts editor and the host of Open Studio. The Multiverse Players joined us for an installment of live music Friday ahead of their performance “The Art of Polymers.” We heard music from robots and humans alike, and a few humans told us about the ethos behind their unique combination of science and music, David Ibbett, Clara Troyano, and Scott Barton. Dilshod Narzillaev joined on cello. Ibbett is the co-composer of “The Art of Polymers” and director of the Multiverse Concert Series. Clara Troyano is a researcher at M.I.T., and a PHd student in the Olsen Lab. We ended the show by asking listeners about their bad tattoos.
Commodore Matthew C. Perry's two expeditions of 1852–1854 pried open Japan. Less well known is that one of the American ships visited Keelung in northeastern Taiwan to investigate the harbor and its coal resources. And completely forgotten is another American project, the North Pacific Exploring and Surveying Expedition of 1853 to 1856, which saw two visits to Taiwan. At that time, the United States was one of several Western powers which had an eye on establishing a foothold on Formosa's wild East Coast. The mysterious region lay outside of Chinese control and promised all sorts of possible utility, whether as a coaling station or a penal colony. In today's podcast we're aboard the John Hancock in the company of Lt. Alexander Habersham, who wrote an account of the expedition.
This is part three of a four-part series on fighting the Lord's Battles. The focus of this episode will be on church government. This teaching is taken from a lecture by Mike Winther at the Big Valley Grace Community Church men's ministry on February 15, 2021. It's time for Christians to get off the sidelines and engage in the battle. Mike talks about the role of the church in modern battles of today. He talks about the key jobs and responsibilities of the church such as maintaining doctrinal purity, appointing leaders, being a disciple, and teaching God's word. Encouraging each other is another job of the church. We also talk about gathering together, church discipline, caring for the needy, sacraments, and being a check and balance on other authorities. You'll Learn: [01:42] In 1775, a revolution was brewing. The British assigned General Gage to take Massachusetts back. Samuel Adams and John Hancock were on the run. The British planned a surprise attack for Lexington. [03:06] Spies discovered the British, and Paul Revere went on his ride. There were also two other riders who aren't as famous. [03:48] Pastor Jonas Clark was hiding Adams and Hancock. The British showed up and the gun fight didn't go well for the colonists. [06:10] The Concord engagement went better for the colonists and the British took a lot of losses. This is the Battle of Lexington and Concord. [06:56] The hero of this story is Pastor Jonas Clark. He trained his people on civil liberty and defense. [07:24] What is the role of the church? [07:37] Key jobs and responsibilities of Christ's Church. Maintain doctrinal purity. Leadership of the church is not supposed to be a democracy. [09:46] Titus 1:5 Leaders were appointed, not elected. 1st Timothy 1 through 7 and 1st Timothy Chapter 3 Verse 8 through 13. [10:37] The Bible is not politically correct. Satan chose to make the world adversarial to the Bible. [11:12] Another role of the church is to teach members how to be Saints. Ephesians 4 verse 12. Teach God's word. 2nd Timothy 3 through 13. [11:53] Another job of the church is to encourage each other. Hebrews 10:24. [12:23] Gathering together. Hebrews 10:25. Discipline. Matthew 18. Caring for the needy. [14:06] The church also participates in sacraments and is a check and balance on other authorities. [15:26] Leading a church. The church isn't where it needs to be and most of the blame lies with us. [16:47] Satan has attacked the church. He's changed the church's view of its mission. He's convinced the church that it should be a defensive tool and not an offensive weapon. [22:32] Satan has also attacked the church by vain philosophies. [25:03] When's the last time you heard a sermon on the creation evolution debate or any other controversial topics? [26:50] The modern Church isn't fully prepared with all of the tools. We need to better equip our members and our families. [27:52] We need to engage in the battle using every tool available. [29:52] A partial solution to the problems we have with our schools is Christian education. [36:01] God's hands are all over the events that happened in the Battle of Lexington and Concord. Your Resources: Attacking the Gates of Hell: Preparing for the Battle Fighting the Lord's Battles: Family Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 Biblical Principles of Government
John Hancock and Michael Kelley talk with Peter Maer about Reagan and Gorbachev. Retired Washington University Professor Dr. Ray Arvidson about the tomorrow launch. Chris Barnes of The Australian Pink Floyd Show talks about coming to The Factory on September 10th. Kelley's sister Erin Eberhard of Promise Community Homes talks about upcoming golf tournament to raise money.
This week, the guys talk about autographs, meeting famous people, and shagging foul balls. They start with their usual recap, and Evan has some exciting things to talk about after exploring Mount Vernon, getting/eating inexpensive produce, and celebrating birthdays. Turns out, a bag of bell peppers, half a cantelope, and a discounted book can be the perfect birthday presents! The guys also get on the topic of meeting famous people and getting autographs, and Josh has some cool stories about getting the John Hancock of the likes of Emma Stone, Nick Offerman, and Steph Curry. Evan ends the podcast with a hilariously sad anecdote that's scarred him for life, so stay tuned! There are also some nifty Fact of the Week and "sticking it to the man" tidbits to enjoy, as always.
Become a producer of the show and get your bonuses! Sign up for our Patreon! www.themidnighttrainpodcast.com We've all heard the story of Jack the Ripper, right? Hell, we did a two-parter on the case not too long ago. You know the story. Some crazy person, running around hacking up people, disemboweling them, and nobody knows who it was. You know, that old chestnut. There were other cases similar to the Jack the Ripper case, like the Vallisca ax murders, the Hinterkaifeck Murders, and quite a few more that we've covered right here on the Midnight Train. Well, this story is right in line with those unsolved atrocities and… it happened before Jack the Ripper decided to go all willy nilly and mutilate a bunch of poor women. The Servant Girl Annihilator, also known as the Austin Axe Murderer and the Midnight Assassin (which is my favorite for obvious reasons), was a still, as of yet, unidentified serial killer who preyed upon the city of Austin, Texas, between 1884 and 1885. The murderer's nickname originated with the writer O. Henry. Apparently he had mentioned the murderer in a letter he had written, coining the dipshit murderers name. The brutal killings in Austin occurred three years before Jack the Ripper terrorized London's East End (and there are some who believe the Servant Girl Annihilator and Jack the Ripper were the same person and we'll touch on that later). Although these murders happened 75 years before the term serial killer was coined, it still sealed Austin's reputation as the first city in America to have a serial killer — and the peice of crap responsible to be known as the first serial murderer in the country. Not exactly someone sane is running to be the first, but someone has to be the first something, right? First, let's talk about Austin, Texas and a smidge of its history. As per Wikipedia: Evidence of habitation of the Balcones Escarpment region of Texas can be traced to at least 11,000 years ago. Two of the oldest Paleolithic archeological sites in Texas, the Levi Rock Shelter and Smith Rock Shelter, are located southwest and southeast of present-day Austin respectively. Several hundred years before the arrival of European settlers, the area was inhabited by a variety of nomadic Native American tribes. These indigenous peoples fished and hunted along the creeks, including present-day Barton Springs, which proved to be a reliable campsite. At the time of the first permanent settlement of the area, the Tonkawa tribe was the most common, with the Comanches and Lipan Apaches also frequenting the area. The first European settlers in the present-day Austin were a group of Spanish friars who arrived from East Texas in July 1730. They established three temporary missions, La Purísima Concepción, San Francisco de los Neches and San José de los Nazonis, on a site by the Colorado River, near Barton Springs. The friars found conditions undesirable and relocated to the San Antonio River within a year of their arrival. Following Mexico's Independence from Spain, Anglo-American settlers began to populate Texas and reached present-day Central Texas by the 1830s. The first documented permanent settlement in the area dates to 1837 when the village of Waterloo was founded near the confluence of the Colorado River and Shoal Creek. Got all that? Good… maybe you can explain it to me later. Just kidding… kind of. The victims The first unfortunate victim was Mollie Smith, a 25-year-old cook working for the Walter Hall residence on Sixth Street (then named Pecan Street). She was killed on December 30, 1884, in a grisly killing filled with an extreme amount of blood due to the ax wounds to her head, abdomen, chest, legs, and arms. Her body was found outside and placed in the snow next to the family outhouse. She was attacked with an axe in her sleep, dragged into the backyard, raped and murdered. Walter Spencer, 30 yrs. old, also attacked and wounded. The second poor victim was Eliza Shelly, a young woman who worked as a cook for the family of Dr. Lucian Johnson. Killed a few months after Mollie Smith, Shelly had been brutally murdered on Cypress Street on May 7, 1885, and her head left almost completely split from the blows of an axe. She was the mother of three children. Because of the killer's apparent weapon of choice — an axe — the murders were first known as the Austin Axe Murders until a well-known resident, William Sydney Porter (that writer guy with the pen name, O. Henry) wrote in a letter to a friend: "Town is fearfully dull, except for the frequent raids of the Servant Girl Annihilators, who make things lively during the dead of night." After his letter became public, locals and reporters began referring to the murderer as the Servant Girl Annihilator. On May 23, 1885, a third hapless woman, also a young servant person, became the next victim. Her name was Irene Cross and she lived on East Linden Street, just across from Scholz Garten. A reporter on the scene after her vicious attack stated that she looked as if she had been scalped. This victim was killed with a knife, as opposed to the aforementioned ax. Was this attack the work of the Annihilator or a different lunatic? As summer dwindled down, August brought forth the arrival of a horrendous attack on Clara Dick. Later that month, another servant named Rebecca Ramey was wounded and her 11-year-old daughter Mary was killed. At this time, the citizens of Austin were scared as shit and began protecting their homes with extra measures. Other cautions, such as increased patrols in neighborhoods, going home before sunset, and 24-hour saloons closing at midnight, we all also put into place. (It's worth noting that despite the legend, Austin's famous moontowers were not constructed during this time. They came later in the 1890s.) Next victims were 20 year old Gracie Vance and her 25 year old boyfriend Orange Washington. They were sleeping in a shack behind the home of Vance's boss when the couple was brutally attacked with an ax. According to the local paper, Vance's "head was almost beaten into a jelly." Gracie was also dragged into the backyard, raped and murdered. Lucinda Boddy and Patsy Gibson, both only 17 yrs. old, were also attacked and wounded. Weird note here, up to this point all the victims were African-American, but they were not all servant girls. And many noted that white residents had not been attacked. At least not yet. The final two murders occurred on Christmas Eve (or possibly December 28th), 1885. First, 41 year old Sue Hancock, the mother of two, described as "one of the most refined ladies in Austin," was found in her backyard (now the Four Seasons Austin) by her husband. She had been dragged there while sleeping and succumbed to her wounds. Hours later, 17 year old Eula Phillips, "one of the prettiest women in Austin," was found dead in her in-laws backyard (where the Austin Central Library is now located) she was also dragged into the back yard, raped and murdered. Her 24 year old husband, Jimmy Phillips Jr, sustained severe wounds in the attack. Ultimately, both spouses of Sue Hancock and Eula Phillips were accused, but found not guilty of the murders. After the Christmas Eve murders in 1885, the killings stopped, but the fear was still palpable. At the time of the murders, Austin had been changing from a small frontier town to a cosmopolitan city, but the reputation it acquired because of the crimes put a halt to the city's growth. The suspects Although approximately 400 men were eventually rounded up by authorities and questioned in the killings, all suspects were released and the murders remain unsolved. However, there are a few names from history that stand out as possible murder suspects. Nathan Elgin was native of Austin and a young African-American domestic servant who knew the streets of his hometown. The majority of this next part was taken from the website servantgirlmurders.com Late one night in February 1886 a saloon in Masontown in east Austin was the scene of a violent and disturbing incident. The surrounding neighborhood was in an uproar because a drunken, raging man had dragged a girl from the saloon to a nearby house where he could be heard beating and cursing her while she screamed for help. The entire neighborhood had come out in the streets and the commotion caught the attention of a nearby police officer. Police officer John Bracken arrived on the scene and the saloon keeper, Dick Rogers and a neighbor, Claibe Hawkins, went with Bracken to stop the man from beating the girl to death. Rogers and Hawkins went into the house and pulled the man away from the girl and into the front yard. As Rogers and Hawkins grappled with the man, Officer Bracken got out the handcuffs. The man would not be subdued – he threw off Rogers and Hawkins and knocked Bracken off his feet. The man turned on them and brandished a knife. As Bracken tried to recover a shot rang out. Bracken drew his pistol and fired. The shot brought down the raging man. The man's name was Nathan Elgin. There was no explanation for Elgin's rage at the girl, named Julia. Bracken's shot did not kill Elgin instantly but it did leave him paralyzed and mortally wounded; he died the following day. A subsequent autopsy revealed that Bracken's bullet had lodged in Elgin's spine which accounted for the paralysis. The doctors had also noticed another detail – Elgin was missing a toe from his right foot. During the investigations of the crimes the authorities had carefully noted the footprints which were often bloodstained and had made distinct impressions in the soil as the perpetrator carried the weight of the victim. Apart from general measurements of size and shape, footprints in most instances are not especially distinctive and they would not have been much use to the authorities had they not possessed some unusual feature. But the footprints left behind at the Servant Girl Murder crime scenes did share a very distinct feature – one of the footprints had only four toes. The authorities never shared this fact with the press or the general public during the course of 1885. The press frequently complained about the secrecy surrounding the murder inquests and argued that making all the details of the crimes public would facilitate the capture of the responsible parties more quickly. The authorities disagreed and kept certain details of the cases to themselves – details that they hoped would eventually identify the perpetrator and link him to the crime scenes. After Nathan Elgin's death the authorities unexpectedly had the direct physical evidence they had been waiting for – a foot that matched the distinctive footprints of the killer. But the foot belonged to a dead man. What were they to do with that information? What could they do with it? To imagine the state of mind of the authorities at that time one has to understand the heightened state of fear and suspicion that was present in Austin at the beginning of 1886. In the month since the last murders in December 1885, the city's police force had been tripled in size. A curfew had been enacted and private citizens had organized into patrols to guard the neighborhoods after dark. Strangers were forced to identify themselves or be evicted from the city. Saloons and other raucous downtown establishments, usually open twenty-four hours a day, were forced to close at midnight. A new era of law and order had begun. Would there have been any advantage in revealing that perhaps the midnight assassin was dead? And what if Elgin was not the mysterious murderer of servant girls? It was in the authorities' best interest to wait and see if the murders continued. Maybe the authorities believed they had gotten lucky – they couldn't arrest, prosecute of convict Elgin, but perhaps the problem had been solved. But in February 1886 it was still too early to be sure. It is important to remember that at the beginning of 1886, the Christmas Eve murders were not the last murders, simply the latest, and the investigations into the murders continued, notably with detectives still shadowing other suspects. While the authorities were not able to make use of the evidence against Elgin, the defense attorneys for James Phillips and Moses Hancock certainly were. Eula Phillips, wife of James Phillips, and Susan Hancock, wife of Moses Hancock, had both been murdered on December 24, 1885 and both husbands were subsequently charged with murdering their wives. In May 1886, during the trial of James Phillips, defense attorneys introduced into evidence floorboards marked with bloody footprints that had been removed from the Phillips house after the murder. They were compared to the footprints of the defendant, who removed his shoes and had his feet inked and printed in an elaborate demonstration in the courtroom. Even though Phillip's footprints were substantially different in size than the bloody footprints on the floorboards, the jury was unconvinced. The motives of jealousy and drunkenness as argued by the prosecution convinced the jury and they found Phillips guilty of second degree murder. When the case against Moses Hancock was finally brought to trial, the Hancock received some substantial legal help in the form of pro bono representation by John Hancock (no relation) a former U.S. Congressman, one of the state's most prominent political figures and one of Austin's most astute legal practitioners. Also providing assistance for the defense rather than the prosecution, was Sheriff Malcolm Hornsby, who during his testimony, described making a cast of Elgin's foot after his death, the significance of the missing toe, the similarities between Elgin's footprint and the footprints left at the Phillips and Ramey murders, and that fact that there had been no further servant girl murders committed since Elgin's death. Even so, the jury was not completely persuaded and after two days of deliberation, a hung jury was declared and the case was discharged without a verdict. The verdicts in the Phillips and Hancock trials illustrated the consensus on the Servant Girl Murders and the motives behind them – that the murders had been committed by different persons with conventional motives. Was Nathan Elgin the Servant Girl Annihilator? In my opinion, he most likely was based on 1) direct physical evidence linking Elgin to the crimes, 2) testimony of Sheriff Malcolm Hornsby as to Elgin's ostensible guilt, 3) the fact that there were no further Servant Girl Murders after his death, and 4) Elgin fits the criminal profile of such a killer. *** Nathan Elgin – A Criminology The Servant Girl Murders were over 130 years ago and few official records pertaining to them have survived. Likewise, there is little surviving biographical information about Nathan Elgin, however the information that is available strongly correlates to traits associated with a Disorganized/Anger-Retaliatory (D/AR) serial killer profile, and the crime scenes of the Servant Girl Murders correspond exactly to that of anger-retaliatory crime scenes: In the anger-retaliatory rape-murder, the rape is planned and the initial murder involves overkill. It is an anger-venting act that expresses symbolic revenge on a female victim. Nettled by poor relationships with women, the aggressor distills his anguish and contempt into explosive revenge on the victim… the aggressive killer will either direct his anger at that woman or redirect his anger to a substitute woman. Because the latter type of scapegoating retaliation does not eliminate the direct source of hate, it is likely that it will be episodically repeated to relieve internal stresses. Dynamically, the rape-homicide is committed in a stylized violent burst attack for purposes of retaliation, getting even, and revenge on women. The perpetrator tends to choose victims from familiar areas… and may use weapons of opportunity in percussive assaults with fists, blunt objects or a knife. The subject tends to leave a disorganized crime scene, and the improvised murder weapon may be found within 15 feet of the body. The following traits are common to the D/AR serial killer profile and I would argue that they are present in the historical record specifically in connection to Nathan Elgin: childhood abuse or neglect early violent episodes violent fantasy resentment of authority escalation stressors Additionally, Nathan Elgin would have possessed the locational expertise critical to successfully enacting the murders and eluding the authorities, culminating in a distinctive signature killing style – the attack on sleeping female victim using blunt force to the head, carrying the body away from the house into the yard where the victim was then raped. Childhood Abuse Suspicions All of the murderers were subjected to serious emotional abuse during their childhoods. And all of them developed into what psychiatrists label as sexually dysfunctional adults. From birth to age six or seven, studies have shown, the most important adult figure in a child's life is the mother, and it is in this time period that the child learns what love is. Relationships between our subjects and their mothers were uniformly cool, unloving and neglectful. (4) The disorganized offender grows up in a household where the father's work is often unstable, where childhood discipline is harsh, and where the family is subject to serious strain brought on by alcohol, mental illness, and the like. (5) One of the primary components in the creation of the D/AR serial killer profile is a dysfunctional, abusive relationship within the family and especially between the mother and the subject. The mothers often have psychological disorders or they have been victims of emotional and sexual abuse themselves and are then subsequently abusive with their own children. At best the mothers are emotionally distant and at worst they are physically and psychologically abusive. Nathan Elgin was born in 1866, the fourth of five children in his family. The Elgin family had moved to Austin from Arkansas after the war, to the freedman's community that came to be known as Wheatville. Nathan had three older siblings that had already married, started their own families and evidently lived normal lives while Nathan was still a child growing up in Austin. However the older siblings' mother, Angeline, had been a different woman than Nathan's mother, Susan. (6) There is no record of what happened to Angeline, she presumably died or separated from her husband, Richard Elgin, but after she left, a woman named Susan Pearce appeared in her place to raise Nathan – whether she was his biological mother is unknown. I think this substitution in the maternal line is significant and I would speculate that Susan Pearce was an abusive catalyst in Nathan's emotional development. The 1880 census listed 14-year-old Nathan Elgin as still living with his parents; it noted his ability to read and write, and his occupation as “servant.” He was likely placed into service by his mother. For Nathan, being a domestic servant at that period in time would have entailed working in an environment with Victorian strictures and discipline, submitting to the authority of women, both black and white, carrying out whatever tasks were ordered without argument. Habitual abuse or humiliation of young Nathan could have been facilitated by such conditions and it is easy to imagine him having suffered abuse in such a position considering the rage directed at this particular class of women only a few years later. Any abuse Nathan experienced as a child without having the physical ability to stop it, would in the meantime have fueled an inner world of revenge fantasy and anger waiting to be unleashed. Not until he was a teenager would he finally gain the physical ability to express that anger, except toward whomever was the source. The source or its memory, the humiliation and shame they had used to define him, would retain the ability to make him feel helpless and impotent. The result, once he had gained maturity, would be not just fantasies of rage, but their physical expression, enacted again and again upon victims who were substitute for its source. Early Violent Episodes – Resentment of Authority – Violent Fantasy These adolescents overcompensated for the aggression in their early lives by repeating the abuse in fantasy – but, this time, with themselves as the aggressors. He is seen as an explosive personality who is impulsive, quick-tempered, and self-centered. In the summer of 1881, Nathan Elgin was arrested for carrying a pistol and getting into a confrontation with another young man near the Governor's mansion, “they cursed each other for some time and aroused the neighborhood.” Such incidents were not particularly remarkable for that time period and the newspaper frequently reported similar skirmishes between young “bloods,” however it does demonstrate that Elgin already had a violent disposition at a young age. More remarkable was an incident in 1882, when Elgin sent a threatening letter to a deputy sheriff promising to “whip destroy and kill” the deputy the next time they met. The written expression of violent threats and fantasies, especially toward the police or other authorities, is one of the classic serial killer tells. Nathan's letter was described “reckless and bloodthirsty” in the newspaper, a description that would later be more fittingly applied to the murders of 1885. Locational Expertise Apart from committing the murders in the middle of the night and using the cover of darkness for concealment, an intimate knowledge of the city would have been key to the killer's ability to elude the authorities. Nathan Elgin had locational expertise – he had grown up in Austin as it was being built. As a child in the 1870s he would have seen the wood-framed buildings that lined Congress Avenue and Pecan Street replaced by brick and mortar storefronts. He would have seen the streets graded and the wooded hills cleared for elegant neighborhoods, schools and churches. By 1885 he would have been intimately familiar with how the city worked and moved. He would have known all the shortcuts, the hiding places, which yards had dogs, which doors were left unlocked. He would have known how to go unnoticed and he would have known what was around every corner. Escalation The disorganized killer has no idea of, or interest in, the personalities of the victims. He does not want to know who they are, and many times takes steps to obliterate their personalities by quickly knocking them unconscious or covering their faces or otherwise disfiguring them. [The victim] will often have horrendous wounds. [The killer] does not move the body or conceal it. The offender is usually somewhat younger than his victims. In July 1884, there were two instances of women, both African American, being stabbed in the face as they slept. The women survived; the authorities investigated them as separate incidents. In August 1884, an African American woman was struck in the head with a smoothing iron as she slept. These nocturnal attacks, though not fatal, were so idiosyncratic in style that they must have been a fledgling attempt by an anger-retaliatory killer who would later escalate with gruesome results. In November 1884, police reports mentioned a non-fatal nocturnal assault on a domestic servant as she slept in her bed. This incident never appeared in the newspaper. A little over a month later, an African American woman named Mollie Smith was struck in the head with an axe as she slept; she was dragged into the backyard and raped. Her body was hacked to pieces by the killer and left at the scene. Mollie Smith's murder set the pattern for all that followed. Locational Expertise and Escalation and Signature in the Vance/Washington and Hancock/Phillips Murders The disorganized killer doesn't choose victims logically, and so often takes a victim at high risk to himself, one not selected because he or she can be easily controlled… …the assault continues until the subject is emotionally satisfied The killer's personal expression takes the form of his unique signature, an imprint left by him at the scene, an imprint the killer is psychologically compelled to leave to satisfy himself sexually. After four murders the killer had become very adept and perhaps overly confident and by the time he entered the cabin of Gracie Vance he was confident enough to attack four persons simultaneously. Gracie Vance was a domestic servant employed by William Dunham and she lived, along with Orange Washington, in a cabin in the rear of his property. When the killer entered Gracie's cabin, instead of finding a solitary sleeping woman, he found three women and one man. Undeterred he proceeded to incapacitate all four as quickly as possible; however, one of the women was only briefly insensible and she went for help while the crime was still in progress. Neighbors were awakened by the disturbance and the police were called. Dunham and the neighbors went to investigate and a man was seen fleeing the scene. They fired their pistols at him as he made his escape in the darkness. As with the other victims, Gracie Vance was found in the backyard; her face had been pulverized with a rock. The suspect had fled in the direction of Wheatville, just to the west — the neighborhood Nathan Elgin had grown up in. The Christmas Eve murders were in many ways the skeleton key to all the murders in that they demonstrated all the specific facets of the killer's MO and signature — his locational expertise, his ability to improvise and adjust at the scene as well as his emotional escalation which demonstrated the extent to which he would go to enact a very specific sex murder scenario – an attack in the bedroom upon a sleeping victim, then rape and murder in the backyard – even when the completion of that scenario was problematic. Susan Hancock, unlike the other victims, was white, but other than that, the murder was carried out identically to the previous murders. It is unlikely the killer had the specific intent to select a white victim; rather something about the location, the house, and the fact that there was an axe in the backyard attuned to the killer's preferences. As with the other victims, Susan Hancock was struck in the head with an axe while she slept and then carried into the backyard. Susan's husband was asleep in another room but was awakened by the disturbance. He went into the backyard, saw a figure standing over his wife and threw a brick at him. Even though the perpetrator was armed with an axe he didn't retaliate against Hancock – instead he fled the scene by jumping over a fence into the alley. Hancock then ran to the east side of the house to cut him off but he wasn't there. Instead of fleeing into the darkness, the perpetrator ran west, back toward Congress Avenue, the city's main thoroughfare. This peculiar evasion demonstrated that the perpetrator was very confident about where he was going — that he expected he could hide in plain sight. It is interesting to note that had Hancock gone west to cut off the fleeing perpetrator he might have been able to stop him, which could have brought a definitive resolution to the murderous events of that year. However, seeing the perpetrator had escaped he went back to his wife and called for help. Heading toward Congress Avenue, the perpetrator cut through the yard of the residence of May Tobin where his sudden appearance out of the darkness startled a young woman and her male companion – in his haste he could have literally run into the young woman. A confrontation occurs – the man threatens and insults him in demeaning and racist terms, perhaps the woman does too. The perpetrator has to retreat again and this would have been too much. The urge to kill had not been satisfied and would only have intensified after a humiliating confrontation. He follows the couple's cab across town to the residence of James Phillips. The cab arrives, the young woman, Eula Phillips, discreetly makes her way into the quiet house. Less than an hour later she is found in the backyard, raped and murdered. The killer could have dispatched Mr. Hancock and completed the crime at the Hancock residence but he did not. Likewise, he could have attempted to kill Eula and her companion in the relative seclusion of May Tobin's premises. Instead, the killer's primary motivation was the realization of a very specific violent sexual murder scenario. I believe a confrontation must have occurred at May Tobin's residence between Eula Phillips, her imperious companion, John Dickinson, and a very volatile Nathan Elgin. The confrontation had to have made him angry enough to pursue her across town — even though he had no idea where they were going or what he would find when he got there. I believe he was so angry that he pursued her at his own peril, when other, easier opportunities for a kill were in closer proximity. The bloody footprints left at the Phillips house would subsequently be affirmatively compared to the footprints of the deceased Elgin. Austin Daily Statesman 3 June 1887 Stressors …by the very nature of their childhood, serial killers are most likely to lead lives full of stressful events. As children and adolescents they lack self-esteem, are isolated and maladjusted, and are therefore poorly prepared for coping with life as adults. Historically, the retaliatory killer's marriage will have been ill-fated and he will usually be in some phase of estrangement. …If he has a relationship, there will have generally been a history of long-term spousal abuse, which will not likely have been covered by criminal complaints. In the study of serial sexual homicides, a “stressor” is defined as an event, interaction or conflict in which the killer is reminded of past humiliations and abuses. To purge his feelings of shame, inadequacy or powerlessness the killer will endeavor to enact a murderous scene in which he is powerful and in total control. In the case of Nathan Elgin, there is a remarkable example of a pre-crime stressor in the instance of his wife, Sallie, giving birth to a child the same night two women were being murdered on Christmas Eve. I believe that this was more than a coincidence and whatever stressors Elgin was susceptible to were triggered by this event. While the birth of a child would not normally seem to be cause for a murderous rampage, in the case of a D/AR profile it very well could. Nathan had married Sallie Wheat in 1882. She was a year older than him. They did not live together. It is not unusual for serial killers to be married, however it is rare in the case of the D/AR killer profile because of their volatile temperament towards women. Sallie could have held the power in the relationship; conversely she could have been subjected to abuse herself. There is an indication that Sallie was aware, at least subsequently, of Nathan's responsibility for the murders – as a means of disassociation she raised Nathan's son under the surname Davis rather than Elgin. Post Mortem We read a great deal of theorizing about the series of murders in Austin, that all the assassinations were the work of a cunning lunatic — a monomaniac on the subject of murder. From what I can learn, I don't believe anything of the kind, and it is my deliberate opinion that these murders can not only be unearthed, but when probed to the bottom, it will be found that they were committed by different individuals and that in each case they were prompted by lust, jealousy, or hatred. (27) A Monomaniac On the Subject of Murder would be an apt title for a 19th century dime novel. The quote above by Waco Marshal Luke Moore was closer to the truth than he realized but the ideas he articulated were not exclusive; Nathan Elgin was indeed a monomaniac on the subject of murder and he was motivated by lust, hatred and revenge. In contemporary criminal investigations of serial sexual homicides, law enforcement will have decades of criminal profiles at their disposal which have been painstakingly created as a resource to match types of murders to specific types of offenders. In other words, they know who they're looking for. And the more unusual the murders, the easier it is to focus the investigation toward a specific type of offender. If the Servant Girl Murders were committed in this day and age and the perpetrator had left behind similar evidence, contemporary forensic resources and methods would create a criminal profile and evidence collected could confirm or eliminate potential suspects. The perpetrator would most likely be apprehended very quickly. Serial killers who are apprehended and convicted are later questioned extensively by the authorities and they are usually quiet happy to talk about themselves because they frequently have an inherent superiority complex and are eager to expound upon their mastery and superiority even though they are behind bars. It is interesting to note that the wounded Elgin was not interviewed by reporters, which was unusual – almost everyone involved in a shooting at that period in time had a reporter waiting for them after being attended to by a physician. Nor did the police make any statement regarding Elgin. The inquest of his death was held in secret. Elgin most likely spent his last hours delirious as doctors made a futile attempt at finding and removing the bullet that entered his side and lodged in his spine. If Elgin's murder spree had followed the trajectory of most disorganized serial killers, he would have continued to escalate until his confidence overcame his self-restraint and he would have eventually been caught or killed fleeing the scene. Hypothetically, if he had been arrested for a murder, unless he specifically admitted to it, I doubt the authorities would have connected him to all the murders. Had he been arrested and interrogated I think Elgin would have baffled the police, but they wouldn't have spent much time contemplating him; he would have undoubtedly been indicted, tried and hung in short order. The newspaper account of him would have been a typically villainous caricature from that time period, and people today would still wonder if he was responsible. So now, another suspect and a possible connection to Jack The Ripper. The next suspect was Maurice (no last name given), a Malaysian cook who worked at the Pearl House in downtown Austin. The Pearl House had connections to a majority of the victims of the Annihilator, therefore this theory took off like a mother fucker.. Allegedly, once Maurice left Austin only 3 weeks after the last murder, bound for New Orleans and ultimately London, the murders ended. And although the killings by Jack the Ripper were arguably more brutal in nature, many believe the Austin and London killers were actually the same person — a murderer that began to escalate his killings. Something that has been studied and noted by psychologists and other people smarter than us. Maurice apparently told acquaintances at the hotel that he was going to work aboard ships as a cook to earn his passage to London for a fresh start. A little known fact: the cook Maurice was actually suspected after the last murder and put under surveillance According to Reddit author Sciencebzzt: So many people who follow the Ripper case seem to want him to be a suave, elegant dude. A surgeon or a royal or a tormented upper class freak of some kind. But the facts don't suggest that. People say whoever killed the girls must have been skilled with a blade, that may be true, but the "brutality" suggests they were cut up like animals, skinned and gutted almost. The way a butcher... or a cook... might. Anyway, back to Austin in 1886. Most experts on serial killers will tell you it's unlikely that the murders will just stop, unless the murderer is dead, in prison, or has moved elsewhere. In fact, most will say that the serial killers M.O. usually evolves, and changes... while the main motivation doesn't. This would explain the difference in the Ripper murders 3 years later... and also why they seem to have the same extremely brutal motivations. Jack the Ripper didn't use an axe the way the Servant Girl Annihilator did, however, this may have been because an axe was not a common thing to carry around in 1888 London, the largest city in the world at the time. In 1884 Austin, a town of 10,000 at the westernmost terminus of a railroad line, an axe was likely less conspicuous. The scariest part though... is what happened after 1888. Whoever "he" was, he was obviously a highly driven, aggressive murderer, and he already had success (probably) in leaving Austin and getting away with murder. Well, consider this: After 1888, similar serial murders of women started happening in port towns along major trade routes, like Nicaragua, Tunis, and Jamaica. If the Servant Girl Annihilator and Jack the Ripper were the same man, given the highly aggressive style, brutality and rapid succession of the murders, one quickly after the other... it's likely he killed far, far more girls than we know about, all over the world. Did Maurice leave to avoid the authorities and escalate his murders or did her simply leave because his reputation was tarnished? The Jack the ripper murders were allegedly from april 3 1888 to 1891. The Vallisca ax murders were on June 10th, 1912 New orleans ax murders May 1918 to October 1919 I spent countless hours looking up ship records from 1886 and there is one record of a “Maurice” that went to England from the US. The funny thing is, his name was Maurice Kelly. The Ripper's last known and documented victim was Mary Jane Kelly. It's probably just a coincidence but what if it isn't? TOP 10 MOVIES BASED ON REAL UNSOLVED MYSTERIES https://www.watchmojo.com/video/id/44882
Michael Kelley is out of town so Megan McBride fills in with John Hancock talking about Darlene Green wanting more pay for police and student loan forgiveness. Kelley calls in to join the show talking about his time in New York. Next, Hancock and McBride talk about Roe v Wade and what we know now after primary elections on where some states stand. McBride agrees with Governor Parson that if marijuana is legal in Missouri, you should be able to grow it in your back yard. Finally, Hancock has become a nutritionist after finding out that colors on plate matters and FEMA will not help will those on expired tags.
John Hancock and Megan McBride discuss legalizing marijuana in Missouri and McBride agrees with Governor Parson that if marijuana is legal in Missouri, you should be able to grow it in your back yard.
Money - having it, not having it, managing it - can be a source of chronic stress, and chronic stress is the exact opposite of mindful wellbeing! Today we are joined on the podcast by Lena Rizkallah, financial advisor, recovering lawyer, stand up and sketch comic, and story teller, to explore the ways we can approach money matters in a healthy way. Lena and Courtney talk about practical ways to improve our financial wellbeing through educating ourselves, building a sound financial foundation, budgeting, and sitting with the emotions that this touchy topic sometimes brings about. About our guest: Lena Rizkallah is a financial advisor, recovering attorney, national speaker and story-teller with over 20 years experience in the financial industry. In her work as a financial professional, Lena focuses on leading with education and has a passion for turning the most complex financial concepts into understandable and actionable strategies. In her role as an advisor, she works with clients to understand what they are striving for in life, helps to develop the blueprint towards those goals, and guides them along the way. She also works with employers and organizations in helping them develop financial wellness programs as an out-of-the-box benefit for their employees and teams. Prior to joining Conte Wealth Advisors in 2019, Lena researched and presented strategies on tax, retirement and estate planning for several financial companies such as JP Morgan, Prudential Financial and John Hancock. Lena lives and works between NYC and the Hudson Valley. Outside of her career, she has dabbled in stand-up and sketch comedy and comedic writing, she enjoys cycling, yoga, hiking, hosting parties and traveling the world on her frequent flier miles. Licenses: Series 7, 63, NY Health & Life Insurance and CRPC. Education: BA in Government and Politics; minors in French and Italian languages from University of Maryland; Juris Doctor from Widener University School of Law. If you'd like to connect with Lena you can reach her at firstname.lastname@example.org. Sign up for her newsletter at http://lenarizkallah.com/ or find her on Facebook! If you're loving this content, please share with your people! Have a question for Courtney or a topic suggestion? Reach us at email@example.com or complete the form at www.shineandsoar.com/podcast. Don't forget to rate, review, and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts! -- Securities offered through Registered Representatives of Cambridge Investment Research, Inc., a broker/dealer, member FINRA/SIPC. Advisory services offered through Cambridge Investment Research Advisors, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor. Conte Wealth Advisors, Solavis Holistic, LLC dba Alchemy Behavioral Health Coaching, and Cambridge are not affiliated. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/pragmaticalchemy/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/pragmaticalchemy/support
Hour 1: Albert Pujols and the Cardinals continue to impress! Then, Tom Sullivan, long time public policy watchdog, joins Mark Reardon to discuss the latest on the Loop Trolley. Later, John Hancock, KMOX Political Analyst updates on Shamed Dogan's surprise upset for the GOP nomination for STL County Executive and more!
John Hancock and Michael Kelley join Debbie Monterrey and Megan Lynch talking everything politics including Liz Cheney and what type of hold does Trump still have on the Republican party.
The Massachusetts Archives were created after the Revolution to organize and preserve the public records of Massachusetts. We talk with Michael Comeau, Executive Director of the Massachusetts Archives, and John Hannigan, the Curator, about the millions of documents and artifacts which reveal the entire history of the Commonwealth, from 1629 to the present. Muster rolls, inventories, letters from George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, invoices from Paul Revere, trophies from the Battle of Bennington, which historians can use to tell a fuller history of the Revolution and the years before and since. We also discuss the Commonwealth Museum and its Treasures Gallery, where you can see the 1629 and 1682 charters, a printing of the Declaration of Independence, the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, and an original copy of the Bill of Rights--along with Paul Revere's copper plate from which he printed his "Boston Massacre" image. All free!
John Hancock and Michael Kelley are back on Friday morning. They discuss the 40th anniversary of the 1982 Cardinals. Frank Viviano and David Kaplan join Hancock and Kelley discussing the 7th annual Tennessee Williams and Italy festival. Retired Colonel Jeff McCausland talks about the latest with Former President Trump and the raid of Mar A Lago and grades for the military performance for both Russia and Ukraine.
Episode 2 | Stonks The Home For Startup Demo Days Stonks is on a mission to spearhead the mass adoption of startup investing by making it "Approachable AF". The big problems here (among accredited investors) are Access, Education, and Liquidity. By creating "The home for startup Demo Days' we believe we have made leaps toward solving the Access problem (and hopefully some of the Education side, as well). "Democratization" is a word that gets thrown around enough to lose its true meaning but at Stonks we've been working hard to provide ordinary prospective "Angel Investors" (as well as emerging funds) access to the best possible investment opportunities that typically would have only been available to the top 10% of VC firms. We're still a new company but we're incredibly passionate about the problems we're solving and we believe we are headed toward a world where the average person you'd pass on the street has some startup equity in their "portfolio" alongside individual stocks, ETFs, crypto, etc. Stonks is backed by A16Z and 35 amazing Angels/Funds About John: John is a multi-startup founder (DTC, Creator Economy, Live Streaming) and paramotor pilot who suffers from imposter syndrome just as much as (or more than) the next person. A high school dropout AND a college dropout, John likes to think he has a handle on how his time is best spent. --- This episode is sponsored by SunShader: If you've ever tried to use your laptop outside, or on the move, you'll know that it is impossible to see your screen in direct sunlight, and laptops will overheat and shut down surprisingly quickly outside. Here in Austin, the team at SunShader have solved that problem. SunShader is THE sun shade, heat shade and privacy shade for your laptop, so you can work efficiently from coffee shops, co-working spaces or with your friends on Campus, from the beach, the pool, your backyard or balcony, from airports, airplanes and AirBnBs. I've got one, and it is now part of my everyday work gear. SunShader can also be co-branded with your company logo and brand story for incredibly practical Swag, to give to your employees, customers and partners. Check them out at sunshader.com and use WHYWESTRIVE for 15% off! --
Yasmin Cruz Ferrine is the co-founder and general partner of Visible Hands - a 14-week, virtual-first accelerator on a mission to invest in overlooked founders (people of color and women). She and her co-founders, Daniel Acheampong and Justin Kang, started the company two years ago when they decided they wanted to stop relying on invisible forces slowly changing the face of Silicon Valley and take matters into their own hands. 2.2% of all VC funding goes to female founding teams and less than 2% to racially diverse founders. In this interview, we talk about: - Yasmin's educational journey - going to Babson College for undergrad degree in finance and Boston College for her MBA - Yasmin's business journey - working in finance, corporate responsibility, family office, political fundraising and now in venture capital - Visible Hands - a venture capital firm she co-founded to help solve the diversity funding gap for underrepresented tech founders in venture capital Visible Hand/Yasmin's Socials: Visible Hands Website: https://www.visiblehands.vc/ Visible Hands Twitter: https://twitter.com/visiblehandsvc Yasmin's Twitter: https://twitter.com/YasCruzFerrine Grateful Living Info: YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC9Bo0LHtRJJNJBUYIceg27w Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/3Hn4ttttmbWfVqAhWh4Jhi Apple: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/id1503185956 My Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/aroy81547/?hl=en Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/gratefulliving4 Medium: https://gratefulliving4.medium.com/ Time Stamps: 0:00 Intro 0:55 Yasmin's childhood 2:45 How important is El Salvador in your story? 4:15 How was growing up being raised by a single mother? 7:05 Any advice to stepfathers building trust to their stepdaughter? 8:40 How was going to Nobles for high school? 11:41 How did you make the decision to go to Babson? 13:30 Any advice to finance undergrad majors? 14:44 How was your first job as a small cap equity analyst at Manulife Financial? 17:32 What did your Director of Corporate Responsibility at John Hancock teach you? 21:21 How can philanthropic organizations be better at solving societal issues? 23:45 What value does the MBA provide? 25:55 Why did you move onto Brown Advisory? 28:11 Any advice on changing jobs? 30:56 How can corporations do a better job with making diverse employees show up as their whole self? 34:35 You got married in 2019. Any advice on love? 37:50 A lot of people think you should be married by 30. How was your process? 39:30 How did you make your partner feel loved despite being extremely committed to your career? 41:57 How was working for Deval for All? 45:12 Any stories about Deval Patrick? 48:39 What are the stats on venture capital funding with respect to underrepresented founders? 49:56 What were the lessons from raising a $10.5 m fund? 52:08 Advice to diverse tech founders? 53:16 What are you hoping to accomplish with Visible Hands in the next 5-10 years? 53:57 What makes Visible Hands unique as an accelerator? 55:52 Any words of wisdom on becoming a mother?
Dr Eli Joseph is an author, educator, and TEDx speaker who currently serves as a faculty member at Columbia University and Queens College and as a partner and medical examiner at ExamOne, a Quest Diagnostics company. Using rejection to fuel his professional achievements, he earned a bachelor's degree at the age of 20, a master's degree at 21, was named a Forbes Under 30 Scholar at 23, and earned a doctorate degree while teaching at an Ivy League institution at 24. As a partner at ExamOne, Dr. Joseph works with the nation's top insurance firms, including AIG, Prudential, William Penn, John Hancock, New York Life, and State Farm. His new book, The Perfect Rejection Resume: A Reader's Guide to Building a Career Through Failure (February 15, 2022), compiles lessons about failure from his own life experiences and those of seven influential thought leaders. Listen to his TED Talk and learn more at drelijoseph.comYou can find out more about Eli by visiting his website: https://www.drelijoseph.com/ Connect with Eli on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/drelijosephConnect with Eli on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EliseeJosephThanks For Listening! Follow us on: - Website: https://victim2victor.net/ - FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/victim2victor - TWITTER: https://twitter.com/V2V_healing - INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/victim_2_victor_podcast/- Victim 2 Victor Audio Book Audible: https://adbl.co/3akVNCu - Victim 2 Victor Book on Amazon: https://amzn.to/34MQQyu - Apple Podcast: https://apple.co/3wHvUof - Spotify: https://spoti.fi/36D6ZYE
Hancock and Kelley fill in for the DGS this week. Today's show is shortened due to the Cardinals and Cubs double-header on KMOX. John shares his frustrations with how his chicken salad is served, and John Hancock, Jr. joins the show to talk all things sports.
On August 2, 1776, the members of the Second Continental Congress gathered to finish what they had begun back in July. Now, each of the men was called forward, one at a time, to affix his name to the final version of the document which had already electrified the world. On what should have been a joyous day, the full weight of what was happening was hitting home. Benjamin Harrison of Virginia, joked with Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts that when the King hung them, Harrison would die quickly because of his weight, while Gerry would dangle and dance “for hours” because he was so small. For a moment, the joke broke the unexpected gloom of the morning. There was one man who did not sign that day. He had already signed back on July 4th. As the President of the 2nd Continental Congress, John Hancock had the honor of speaking on behalf of the new nation and had put his flourished signature on the document before any one else. When the members of Congress had seen his giant “John Hancock,” the comment had been made that the British would be able to read it without spectacles. Hancock himself was reported to have said, “There! I guess King George will be able to read that!” John Hancock is a man like so many of our founders. He is renown for the legend, but flawed in his little known real life. He will leave Congress under a cloud of suspicion over his financial responsibilities to Harvard University. Like so many Founders, he will attempt to lead a military campaign in the war which will end in a disaster. Later he will be the first elected Governor in Massachusetts, but is forced to resign for “health reasons,” as once again, questions about his management of things are raised. This time with life and death consequences. But in 1787 he is re-elected to the governorship of his state. And it is then that the legend of John Hancock will at last live up to the legend of his signature on the Declaration of Independence… --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/plausibly-live/message