Listeners, we're back this week with Ruben Flores-Martinez.At age 13, Ruben and his family immigrated to the states from Guadalajara, Mexico. Unable to fulfill his dream of going to college for Computer Science due to his immigration status, Ruben began watching YouTube videos on coding and taught himself how to build websites and mobile apps. A few years later, his determination led him to develop CASHDROP, a mobile-first contactless commerce platform targeted at small business owners. Ruben represents less than 2.6% of LatinX founders who have received VC funding. To date, the app has raised $2.7 million in capital. Major investors include hospitality entrepreneur David Grutman, Youtube pioneer Michelle Phan, and Stalwart Silicon Valley investor and founder Cyan Banister.During our conversation, we talked about:Being an immigrantPoppy seed syndromeYouTube UniversityRaising capitalBeing a Latino founderThis episode is brought to you by MagicMindMagicMind is the world's first productivity drink.
On this spooky episode, we'll be talking to Dave from Victorian Photo Studio in Gettysburg (@vps_gettysburg on IG) about tintypes and ghost photos! We'll also tell you all about some ridiculously explosive film that was essentially gunpowder. Ever wanted to know how to spot a fake ghost photo? It's pretty easy, but we'll tell you how anyway! There's also Tiffen Sinclair (@tiffen.sinclair on IG), zine reviews and oodles more. Dave Wilson! Dave is a tintypist and historian who brings your Victorian dreams to life (or death) using traditional old timey photography. He's also been trying to replicate William Mumler's techniques of producing “spectral images.” Our talk with him was wonderful and entertaining. Here are a few of his tintypes: During the interview, Dave mentioned a couple of Civil War photos: Tidball's Battery Regiment resting at Fredericksburg, Va Nitrate Film Have you ever seen the words “Safety Film” marked on the edge of your rolls or sheets? Just what does it mean? If this film is “safe,” is there “unsafe” film? Nitrate film (or as they called it then, film) wasn't dynomite. Yes, it was hazardous, it was explosive, but a lot of things were back then. I mean, they had kerosene lamps in the house - just burning away above your heads. That said, nitrate film, especially when it came to motion picture film, wasn't without its victims. At room temperature, nitrate film is almost perfectly safe-ish. But get too much above (say, 200 F) and you're inching towards a very low flash point. Remember, this is essentially gun powder, except more explosive and more flammable. For fire to burn, it needs oxygen and fuel. Take either away and out goes fire. A candle can be snuffed out by a bell, which deprives it of oxygen, or by cutting off the wick, which removes the fuel. Nitrate film is fascinating because it contains its own oxygen and is its own fuel. Simply put, it can never be extinguished - it has to burn itself out. Even submerging it in water won't do the trick. You can't smother it with dirt or even in a fire blanket. And if you try to, it'll release clouds of poison gases. Here are some scenes from the 1929 Cleveland Clinic Fire, which we discussed in the episode: Zine Reviews Elsie's Camera is a ¼ size zine out out by M Forrester - @itsbittertooth on IG. After purchasing a huge lot of old photographs, they found a few featuring a woman named Elsie. Unable to find out anything more about this Elsie, they put together a zine. In these 28 pages, they feature 13 photos of Elsie probably taken around 1920. They also included the backs, where brief little nuggets of information were found. Things like “Here is Elsie with her hair bobbed, taken in the front garden.” and “Dick bought this coat Elsie has on” It's less than $3.00, and you can get it on Etsy. The link will be in the show notes: https://www.etsy.com/listing/649347071/elsies-camera-found-photography-zine Blu. is a small female empowered surf zine made by women for women. Our first edition is dedicated to the unseen and the unsung, featuring female works who we find to be inspiring and empowering without the need for any negative space. For a long time, men have been at the forefront of the surfing industry, that's why with Blu., we've created a community built up for women by women, without the need for any expectations. If a woman can surf, then she's a surfer, regardless of what society may say. Zine size: 16cm x 24cm, paperback, 42 pages. 10% of profits will be donated to www.seasisterslk.com https://www.alinearnold.com/shop/blu PATREON Thank you to everyone who supports us! Check out our Patreon for bonus episodes, extended interviews, early drops. Tons of stuff! patreon.com/allthroughalens THE CREDITS OF ENDING Music by Last Regiment of Syncopated Drummers Vania: IG, Flickr, Zines Eric: IG, Flickr, Zines, ECN-2 Kits Tiffen: IG All Through a Lens: IG, Website, Patreon, Spotify Playlists
The throttles of an Airbus A330 are not responding to the captain's inputs. Cathay Pacific Flight 780 has a few minor engine warnings while cruising but are told it is safe to continue the flight. The problems get worse as the flight continues and the throttle becomes unresponsive during their approach leaving the flight too fast for a safe landing. What happens to Flight 780? Find out on this episode of Black Box Down. Sponsored by ExpressVPN (http://expressvpn.com/blackboxdown) Public Rec (http://publicrec.com and use promo code BLACKBOXDOWN) and The Jordan Harbinger Show (http://jordanharbinger.com/start) Find us on social media and buy our merch here! https://linktr.ee/BlackBoxDownPod Black Box Down Crash Simulator: https://roosterteeth.com/watch/black-box-down-1 Tales From The Stinky Dragon: https://link.chtbl.com/stinkydragon
Michael Kohan (Mukunda Chandra das) Wellness Entrepreneur | Health and Life Coach | Yoga Teacher Living Life on Purpose: Mindfulness | Yoga | Spirituality | Healthy Living | Personal Growth Podcast: 7 Tips to Overcome Imposter Syndrome Free Circle of Life quiz by visiting www,elevatelifeproject.com/life/ Begin today – think through the dreams that are in your heart By using effective time management, your life will never be the same Time Management Course https://elevatelifeproject.com/Time If you liked this Podcast, please subscribe in Itunes and write us a review. This is what helps us stand out, so more people can find this show. To Write us a Review please open up this Podcast in the Itunes Store on your computer and search for Living Life on Purpose https://elevatelifeproject.com/podcast Click here to like us on www.facebook.com/MichaelMukundaKohan This is where you will receive updates on what is happening at The Elevate Life Project as well as handouts and upcoming events. Show Notes 7 Tips to Overcome Imposter Syndrome Have you ever felt like you don't belong, or everyone is going to find out that you don't deserve your achievements? If you can relate to those feelings of chronic self-doubt, you've probably experienced imposter syndrome. You're not alone - studies suggest 70% of people experience imposter syndrome at some point in their career. Overall, imposter syndrome stems from a high sense of self-doubt. Instead of attributing your success to your skills, you might downplay your success and attribute it to luck. Signs You Might Be Suffering from Imposter Syndrome Do you relate to any of these patterns? You may set high goals for yourself. Because your goal is perfection, the smallest mistakes may make you feel like a failure. Attribute success to luck. You downplay your success because you do not believe you deserve the success, or you believe you are just lucky. Unable to recognize success. Instead of celebrating your accomplishments, you worry that others will see “the truth” about your skills and abilities. Fear of failure. Because of a fear of failure, you may set challenging goals and be disappointed when those goals fail. You might also take on limited tasks because you fear failure. Difficulty asking for help. You might have difficulty asking for help because you believe asking for help will show that you're wrong or unqualified. Experiencing imposter syndrome can limit your confidence to go after new opportunities because you feel that you do not deserve it. Luckily, there are some steps you can take to give yourself more credit and start overcoming those feelings of self-doubt. Steps to Overcome Imposter Syndrome Acknowledge imposter feelings. Recognize when you start feeling like an imposter. Instead of engaging with your thoughts of self-doubt, acknowledge that it is a normal response. Understand the root of the cause. Why do you think you feel like you don't belong? Is it due to a fear of failure? Do you believe that you don't deserve success? Why or why not? Focus on facts, not feelings. When you start feeling like a fraud, focus on positive facts. For example, maybe you were chosen for a job interview because of your qualifications. Ask yourself if that thought helps or hinders you. Does feeling fraudulent help or hinder you? Is that what you want to be? What kind of person do you want to be? Reframe your thoughts. Instead of telling yourself that you don't deserve success, reframe your thoughts to give yourself more credit and enjoy the experience. Own your accomplishments instead of attributing them to “luck” or “help from others.” Instead of setting impossibly high standards, set smaller goals so you can enjoy the process. Remind yourself there will never be the “perfect time.” Accept that we all have to start somewhere. Accept that it's okay to make mistakes. Instead of fearing failure, develop a healthy response to making mistakes. Accept that it's normal to make mistakes and learn from each mistake instead. Reach out for support. Having a safe space to receive support will help you reduce feelings of being an imposter. When you feel imperfect, make a mistake, or receive a compliment, your first instinct may be to hide. Instead, start reaching out to an encouraging mentor, coach, or colleague for support. Say “thank you” when you receive a compliment. Practice being honest when you feel imperfect, embarrassed, or have made a mistake. Share and celebrate your achievements and successes. Imposter syndrome can make you feel like you're not good enough, you don't belong, or you are undeserving. But it's important to remind yourself that learning and making mistakes do not make you a fraud - it makes you human. Instead of doubting yourself, take the above steps to build your self-esteem and self-worth. #lifecoaching #lifecoach #motivation #inspiration #selflove #selfcare #mindset #meditation #success #personaldevelopment #mindfulness #leadership #reiki #motivationalquotes #happiness #empowerment #healing
Also, Texas residents seeking abortions are traveling to a Shreveport women's health clinic. Patrick Madden hosted this episode of Louisiana Considered. In a story originally aired Friday on NPR's All Things Considered, NPR's Sarah McCammonand Gulf States Newsroom reporter Shalina Chatlanitalk with residents of LaPlace about why they choose to remain in the city despite repeatedly being subjected to extreme tropical weather conditions. In another story by Sarah McCammonaired last Thursday, she reports on the impact of Texas' 6-week abortion ban in Louisiana. Unable to find a clinic in their state, many Texas residents seeking abortions traveled to Hope Medical Group for Women in Shreveport. Louisiana's abortion laws are only marginally less restrictive than those in Texas, but the clinic became became the nearest option for many people to get a safe abortion. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Chris evaluates the pros and cons between using Sidekiq or Active Job with Sidekiq. He sees exceptions everywhere. Steph talks about an SSL error that she encountered recently. It's officially spooky season, y'all! sidekiq-symbols (https://github.com/aprescott/sidekiq-symbols) Transcript: CHRIS: Additional radiation just makes Spider-Man more powerful. STEPH: [laughs] Hello and welcome to another episode of The Bike Shed, a weekly podcast from your friends at thoughtbot about developing great software. I'm Steph Viccari. CHRIS: And I'm Chris Toomey. STEPH: And together, we're here to share a bit of what we've learned along the way. Hey, Chris, what's new in your world? CHRIS: Fall is in the air. It's one of those, like, came out of nowhere. I knew it was coming. I knew it was going to happen. But now it's time for pumpkin beer and pumpkin spice lattes, and exclusively watching the movie Hocus Pocus for the next month or so or some variation of those themes. But unrelated to that, I did a thing that I do once, let's call it every year or so, where I had to make the evaluation between Sidekiq or Active Job with Sidekiq, as the actual implementation as the background job engine that is running. And I just keep running through this same cycle. To highlight it, Active Job is the background job system within Rails. It is a nice abstraction that allows you to connect to any of a number of them, so I think Delayed Job is one. Sidekiq is one. Resque is probably another. I'm sure there's a bunch of others. But historically, I've almost always used Sidekiq. Every project I've worked on has used Sidekiq. But the question is do you use Active Job with the adapter set to Sidekiq and then you're sort of living in both worlds, or do you lean in entirely and you use Sidekiq? And so that would mean that your jobs are defined to include Sidekiq::Worker because that's the actual thing that provides the magic as opposed to inheriting from Application Job. And then do you accept all of the trade-offs therein? And every time I go back and forth. And I'm like, well, but I want this feature, but I don't want that feature. But I want these things. So I've made a decision, but I want to talk ever so briefly through the decision points that were part of it. Have you done this back and forth? Are you familiar with the annoying choice that exists here? STEPH: It's been a while since I've had the opportunity to make that choice. I'm usually joining projects where that decision has already been made. So I can't think of a recent time that I've thought through it. And my current project is using that combination of where we are using Active Job and Sidekiq. CHRIS: So I think there's even a middle ground there where that was the configuration that I'd set up on the project that I'm working on. But you can exist in both worlds. And you can selectively opt for certain background jobs to be fully Sidekiq. And if you do that, then instead of saying, "Performlater," You say, "Performasync." And there are a couple of other configurations. It gives you access to the full Sidekiq API. And you can do things like hey, Sidekiq, here's the maximum number of retries or a handful of other things. But then you have to trade away a bunch of the niceties that Active Job gives. So as an example, one thing that Active Job provides that's really nice is the use of GlobalID. So GlobalID is a feature that they added to Rails a while back. And it's a way to uniquely identify a given record within your system such that when you say performlater, you can say, InvitationMailer.performlater and then pass it a user record so like an instance of a user model. And what will happen in the background is that gets serialized, but instead of serializing the whole user object because we don't actually want that, it will do the GlobalID magic. And so it'll turn into, I think it's GID:// so almost like a URL. But then it'll be, I think, your application name/model name down the road. And the Perform method actually gets invoked via the background system. Then you will just get handed that user record back, but it's not the same instance of the user record. It sort of freezes and thaws it. It's really nice. It's a wonderful little feature. Sidekiq wants nothing to do with that. STEPH: I'm so glad that you highlighted that feature because that was on my mind; I think this week where I was reviewing...somebody had made the comment where they were concerned about passing a record to a job and saying how that wouldn't play nicely with Sidekiq. And in the back of my mind, I'm like, yeah, that's right. But then I was also I'm pretty sure this got addressed, though. And I couldn't recall specifically if it was a Sidekiq enhancement or if it was a Rails enhancement. So you just cleared something up for me that I had not had time to confirm myself. So thanks. CHRIS: Well, to be clear, this works if you are using Active Job with Sidekiq as the adapter, but not if you are using a true Sidekiq worker. So if you opt-out of the Active Job flow, then you have to say, "Perform_async," and if you pass it a record, that's not going to work out particularly nicely. The other similar thing is that Sidekiq does not allow the use of keyword args, which, I'm going, to be honest, I really like keyword arguments, especially for background jobs or shuttling data through your system. And there's almost a lazy evaluation. I want some nicety to make sure that when I am putting something into a background job that I'm actually using the correct call signature, essentially passing the correct data in the correct shape. Am I passing a record, or am I passing the ID? Am I passing a list of options or a single option? Those sort of trade-offs that are really easy to subtly get wrong. I came around on this one because I realized although Active Job does support keyword arguments, the way it does that is it just has a JSON serialization format for them. So a keyword argument turns into a positional array with an associated hash that allows for the lookup or whatever. Basically, again, they handle the details. You get to use keyword args, which is great, with the exception that when you're actually calling performlater, that method performlater is a method missing type magic method. So it does not actually check the keyword arguments at that point. You're basically just passing an options hash as opposed to true keyword arguments that would error because they don't match up. And so when I figured that out, I was like, oh, never mind. This doesn't actually do the thing that I care about. It's a little bit nicer in terms of the signature of the method when you're defining your background job itself, but it doesn't actually do any logical checking. It doesn't give me any safety or robustness within my system. So I don't care about that. I did find a project called sidekiq-symbols, which does some things under the hood to how Sidekiq serializes and deserializes jobs, which I think gives largely the same behavior as Active Job. So I can now define my Sidekiq jobs with keyword arguments. Things will work. I can't use GlobalID. That's still out. But that's fine. I can do a little helper method that basically does the same thing as GlobalID or at least close approximation. But sidekiq-symbols lets me have keyword arg-like signatures in my methods; basically, it is. But again, it doesn't actually do any check-in when I'm enqueueing a job, and I am sad about that. STEPH: Yeah, that's another interesting distinction. And I'm unsurprisingly with you that I would favor having keyword args and having that additional safety in place. Okay, so I've been keeping track. And so far, it sounds like we have two points because I'm doing a little scorecard here between Active Job and Sidekiq. And we have two points in favor of Active Job because they offer a GlobalID, which then allows us to pass in a record, and then it takes care of the serialization for us. And then also, keyword args, which I agree with you that's a really nice feature to have in place as well. So I'm curious, so it sounded like you're leaning towards Active Job, but I don't want to spoil the ending. CHRIS: Yes, I could see why that's what you would be taking away from the conversation thus far. So again, just to reiterate, Active Job and Sidekiq with this sidekiq-symbols extension they both support keyword args, kind of. They support defining your job with keyword args and then enqueueing a job passing something that looks like keyword args. But it ends up...nobody's actually checking anything, so it's mostly like a syntactic nicety as opposed to any sort of correctness, which is still nicer, but it's not the thing that I actually want. Either way, nobody supports it, so it is not available to me. Therefore, it is not a consideration point. The GlobalID thing is nice, but it is really, again, it's a nicety more than anything. I have gone, and I'm leaning in the direction of full Sidekiq and Sidekiq everywhere as opposed to Active Job in most cases, but then Sidekiq when we need it. And that's because Sidekiq just has a lot more power and a lot more functionality. So, in particular, Sidekiq has a feature which allows you to say...it's a block that you put at the top of your Sidekiq job that says retries exhausted or something. I think Sidekiq retries exhausted is the actual full name of that at that point, which is really unfortunate in my mind, but anyway, I'll deal. At that point, you know that Sidekiq has exhausted all of the retries, and you can treat it as failed. I'm going, to be honest, I went on a quest to find a way to say, hey, I'm going to put some work into the background. It's really important for me to know if this work succeeds or if it fails. It's very easy to know if it succeeds because that just happens in-line in the method. But we can have an exception raised at basically any point; Sidekiq does a great job of catching those, of retrying, of having fundamental mechanisms there. But this is the best that I can get for this job failed. And so Active Job, as far as I can tell, does not have anything for this in order to say, yep, we are done. We are not going to keep working on this. This work has failed. It is dead. Dead is; actually, I think the more correct term for where we're at because failed is a temporary state, and then you retry after a failure. Whereas dead is, this has gone through all of its retries, and it will never be run again. Therefore, we should treat this as not having run. And in my case, the thing that I want to do is inform the user that this operation that we were trying to do on their behalf has not succeeded, will not succeed. And please reach out or otherwise deal with the fact that we were unable to do the thing that they asked us to do. That feels like a really important thing for me to be able to do, to be able to communicate back to my users. This is one of those situations where I'm looking at the available options, and I'm like, I feel like I can't be the only one who wants to know when something goes wrong. This feels like a thing that's important. But this is the best example that I've found, the Sidekiq retries exhausted block. And unfortunately, when I'm using it, it gets yielded the Sidekiq JSON blob deserialized, so it's like Ruby hash. But it's still like this blob of data. It's not the same data that gets passed into perform. And so, as a result, when I want to look up the record that was associated with it, I have to do this nested dig into the available hash of data. And it just feels like this is not a well-paved path. This is not something that is a deeply thought about or recommended use case. But again, I don't feel like I'm doing something weird here. Am I doing something weird, Steph, wanting to tell my users when I was unable to do the thing they asked me to do? [chuckles] STEPH: That feels like a very rhetorical question. [laughs] CHRIS: It does. I apologize. I'm leading the witness. But in your sincere heart of hearts, what do you think? STEPH: No, that certainly doesn't sound weird. I'm actually thinking back to some of the jobs that cause me stress in regards to knowing when they failed and then having that communication of knowing that we've exhausted all the retries. And, of course, knowing when those retries are exhausted is incredibly helpful. I am intrigued, though,, because you're highlighting that Active Job doesn't have the same option around setting the retry. And I'm trying to recall exactly how it's set. But I feel like I have set the retry count for Active Job. And maybe, as you mentioned before, that's because it's an abstraction, or I'm not sure if Active Job actually has that native support. So I feel a little confused there where I think my default instinct would have been Active Job does have that retry capability. But it sounds like you've discovered otherwise. CHRIS: I'm not actually sure what Active Jobs core retry logic or option looks like. So fundamentally, as far as I understand it, Active Job is an abstraction. And under the hood, you're always connecting an adapter. So it's either going to be Sidekiq, or Resque, or Delayed Job, or other. And each of those systems, whichever system you have as the adapter, is the one that's actually going to be managing retries. And so I know Sidekiq happens to have as a default 25 retries. And that spans, I think it's a two-week exponential back off. And Sidekiq has some very robust logic that they have implemented as the way retries exist within Sidekiq. I'm not sure what that would look like if you're trying to express it abstractly because it is slightly different. I know there was some good work that was done on Sidekiq to allow the Sidekiq options that's a method at the top level of the job, even if it's an Active Job job to express the retries. So that may be what you've seen, or there may be truly an abstraction that exists within Active Job, and then each adapter needs to know how to handle retries. But frankly, the what can Sidekiq do that Active Job can't? There's a whole bunch of stuff around limiting when you would retry limiting, enqueuing a job if there already exists one, when and how do those records get locked. There's a whole bunch of stuff. Sidekiq has a lot of power under the hood. And so if we want to be leaning into that, that's why I'm leaning towards let's just be Sidekiq all the time. Let's become Sidekiq experts. Let's accept that as a deep architectural decision within the app as opposed to just relying on the abstraction. Because fundamentally, if we're just using Active Job, we're not going to have access to the full power of Sidekiq or whatever the underlying system is, so sort of that decision that I'm making, but I don't know specifically around the retries. STEPH: Okay, thanks. That's really helpful. It's been a while since I've had to make this decision. I'm really enjoying you sharing your adventure because I'm trying to think what's the risk? If you don't use Active Job, what are the trade-offs? And you'd mentioned some of them around the GlobalID and keyword args, which are some niceties. But overall, if you don't go with the abstraction, if you lean into Sidekiq, the risk is then you want to migrate to a different enqueuing service. And something that we talk about is mitigating that risk, so then you can swap it out. That's also something I have never done or encountered where we've had to make that change. And it feels like a very low risk in my mind. CHRIS: Sidekiq feels like the thing you would migrate to, not a thing you would migrate from. It feels like it is the most powerful. And if anything, I expect at some point we'll be upgrading to Sidekiq pro or enterprise or whatever the higher versions that you pay for, but you get more features there. So in that sense, that is the calculation. That's the risk trade-off in my mind is that we're leaning into this technology and coupling ourselves more closely to it. But I don't see that as one that will reassess in the same way that people talk about Active Record and it being an ORM. And it's like, oh, we're abstracting the database underneath, and I'm like, no, I'm not. I'm always using Postgres. Please do not take Postgres. I'm not going to switch over to MySQL next week. That's totally fine if you start on MySQL. It's unlikely you're going to port over to Postgres. We may port to an entirely…like it's a Cassandra column store with a Kafka queue, I don't know, something weird down the road. But it's not going to be swapping out Postgres for MySQL or vice versa. Like you said, that's probably not a change that's going to happen. But that I think is the consideration. The other consideration I have in my mind is Active Job is the abstraction that exists within Rails. And so I can treat it as the lowest common denominator, and folks joining the project, it's nice to have that familiarity. So perform_later is the method on the Active Job jobs, and it has a certain shape to it. People may be familiar with that. Mailers will automatically use Active Job just implicitly under the hood. And so there's a familiarity, a discoverability. It's just kind of up the middle choice. And so if I can stick with that, I think there's a nicety there. But in this case, I think I'm choosing I would like the power and consistency on the Sidekiq side, and so I'm leaning into that. STEPH: Yeah, that makes a lot of sense to me. And I liked the other example you provided around things that were not likely to swap out and Postgres, MySQL, your database being one of them. And in favor of an example that I do have for something that...I do enjoy wrapping. It's not something that I adhere to strictly, but I do enjoy it when I have the space to make this choice. So I do enjoy wrapping HTTPClients, not just because then I can swap it out for a different HTTPClient, which frankly, that's also rare that I do that. Once I choose an HTTPClient, I'm probably pretty happy, and I don't need to swap it out. But I really like being able to extend to the API specifically if they don't handle error responses in a way that I would like to or if they raise, and then I want to change the API to have a more thoughtful interface and where I don't have to rescue those errors. But instead, I can interact with this object that then represents an error state. So that was just one example that came to mind for things that I do enjoy having an abstraction around and not just so I can swap it out because that feels like a very low risk, but more frankly, so I can extend the API. CHRIS: I definitely share the I almost always wrap APIs, or I try and hide whatever the implementation detail whether it be HTTPParty, or Faraday or whatever it is that I'm using and trying to hide that deeply within the system. And then I have whatever API client that we define. And that's what we're interacting with. It's interesting that you bring up errors and exceptions there because that's the one other thing that has caused me this...what I'm describing now seems perhaps like, oh, here's just a list of pros and cons, a simple decision was made, and there we are. This represents some real soul searching on my part, if we will. And one of the last things that I ran into that was just so frustrating is that Sidekiq is explicitly built around the idea of exceptions; Sidekiq retries if there is an exception raised in the job, otherwise, it treats it as success, and that's it. That is the entirety of it. That is the story. But if you raise an exception in a job, then you can't test that job because now it's raising an exception. You can't test retries or this retry exhausted block that I'm trying to lean into. I'm like, I want to put that in a feature spec and say, oh, this job goes in the background, but it's in a failure state, and therefore, the user sees the failure message. Sorry, I can't do that because the only way to actually fail a job is via an exception. And I've actually gone to some links in this application to try to introduce more structured data flow. I've talked a bunch about the command objects and the dry-monads and all those things. And I've really loved them where I've gotten to use them. But then I run into one of these edge cases where Sidekiq is like, no, no, no, you can't do that. And so now I have parts of my system that very purposefully return data as opposed to raising an exception. And I just have to turn around and directly raise that failure as an exception, and it just feels less expressive. I actually just ran into the identical thing with Pundit. They have a little bit better control over it; I can choose whether or not I want the raising version or not. But I see exceptions everywhere, and I want a little more discrete data flow. [chuckles] That is my dream. So anyway, I chose Sidekiq is the summary here. And slowly, we're going to migrate entirely to Sidekiq. And I'm going to be totally fine with it. And I'm done griping now. STEPH: This is your own little October Halloween movie, that I see exceptions everywhere. CHRIS: They're so spooky. STEPH: [laughs] That's cool about Pundit. I'm not sure I knew that, that you get to essentially turn on or off that exception flow behavior. On one hand, I'm like, that's nice. You get the option. On the other hand, I'm like, well, let's just not do it. Let's just never raise on people. But at least they give people options; that seems really cool. CHRIS: They do give the option. I think you can choose different strategies there. And also, if we're being honest, I'm newer to Pundit. And I used a different thing, which was to get the Policy Object and ask it a question. I wanted to ask, is this enabled or not? Can a user do this or not? That should not raise an exception. I'm just asking a question. We're just being real chill about this. I just want to know some information. Let's flow some data through our system. We don't need exceptions for that. STEPH: Why are you yelling at me? I just have a question. [laughs] CHRIS: Yeah. I figured out how to be easy on that front. Sidekiq apparently has no be easy mode, but that's fine. You know what? We're going to make it work, and it's going to be fine. But it is interesting deciding which of these facets of the system that I'm building do I really care about? Which are the ones where I'm like, whatever, just pick something, and we'll move forward, it's not a big deal? Versus, we're actually going to be doing a lot of work in the background. This is the thing that I care about deeply. I want to know about failure and success. I want to really understand that and have a robust answer to what our architecture looks like there. Similarly, Pundit for authorization. I believe that authorization will be a critical aspect of our system. It's typically a pretty important thing. But for us, I think we're going to have different types of users who can log in and see different subsets of data and having a consistent and concrete way that we have chosen to implement that we are able to test, that we're able to verify. I think that's another core competency within the app. But you only get to have so many of those. You can only be really good at a couple of things. And so I'm in that place where I'm like, which are our top five when I say are the things that I care a lot about? And then which are the things where I'm like, I don't know, whatever, just run with it? STEPH: Just a little bit ago, I came so close to singing because you said the I want to know phrase again. And that, I'm realizing, [laughs] is a trigger for me and a song where I want to sing. I held it back this time. CHRIS: It's smart. You got to learn anytime you sing on mic that is part of the permanent record. STEPH: Edward Loveall at thoughtbot, since I sang in a recent episode, did the delightful thing where then he grabbed that clip of where you talk a little bit, and then I sing and then encouraged everyone to go listen to it. And in which I responded, like, I would highly recommend that you save your ears and don't listen to it. But yes, singing on the mic is a thing. I do it from time to time. I can't hold it back. CHRIS: We all do. But since it doesn't seem that you're going to sing in this moment, I think I can probably wrap up my Odyssey of choosing between Sidekiq and Active Job. I hope those details were useful to anyone other than me. It was an adventure, so I figured I'd share it. But yeah, that about wraps it up on my side. Mid-roll Ad And now a quick break to hear from today's sponsor, Scout APM. Scout APM is leading-edge application performance monitoring that's designed to help Rails developers quickly find and fix performance issues without having to deal with the headache or overhead of enterprise platform feature bloat. With a developer-centric UI and tracing logic that ties bottlenecks to source code, you can quickly pinpoint and resolve those performance abnormalities like N+1 queries, slow database queries, memory bloat, and much more. Scout's real-time alerting and weekly digest emails let you rest easy knowing Scout's on watch and resolving performance issues before your customers ever see them. Scout has also launched its new error monitoring feature add-on for Python applications. Now you can connect your error reporting and application monitoring data on one platform. See for yourself why developers call Scout their best friend and try our error monitoring and APM free for 14 days; no credit card needed. And as an added-on bonus for Bike Shed listeners, Scout will donate $5 to the open-source project of your choice when you deploy. Learn more at scoutapm.com/bikeshed. That's scoutapm.com/bikeshed. STEPH: So, I would love to talk about an SSL error that I encountered recently. So one of the important processes in our application is sending data to another system. And while sending data to that other system, we started seeing the following error that the read "Certificate verify failed." And then in parens, it states, "Unable to get local issuer certificate." So upon seeing that error, I initially thought, okay, something is wrong with their SSL certificate or their SSL configuration. And that's not something that I have control over and can fix. So we should reach out and let them know to take a look at their SSL config. But it turns out that their team already knew about the issue. They had recently updated or renewed their SSL cert, and they saw our messages were no longer being processed, and they were reaching out to us for help. So at that point, I'm still pretty sure that it's related to something on their end, and it's not something that I can really fix on our end. But we can help them troubleshoot. Maybe there's a workaround that we can add to still get messages processing while they're looking into their SSL config. It seemed like they still just needed help. So it was something that was still worth diving into. So going back to the first error, I want to talk a little bit about it because I realized that I understand SSL just enough, just the surface to get by as a developer. But then, every time that I run into a specific error with it, then I really have to refresh my understanding as to what could be wrong, so then I can troubleshoot more effectively. So for anyone that could use a refresher on that certificate verification process, when your browser or your server is connecting to a site that uses SSL, then your browser server, whichever one you're using, is going to download that site certificate and verify a couple of things. So it's going to check does the certificate contain the domain name of the website? So essentially, you gave us a certificate. Is this your certificate? Does it match the site that we're connecting to? Is this cert issued by a trusted certificate authority? So did someone that we trust give you this certificate? And is the cert still valid, or has it expired? So that part is pretty straightforward. The second part, "Unable to get local issuer certificate," so that's the part I was less certain about. And I took this to mean that they had passed two of those three checks that their cert included the site's name, and it had not expired. But for some reason, we aren't able to determine if their cert was issued by someone that we should trust. So following that journey, my next question was, so what are they giving us? So this is a tool that I don't get to use very often, but I reached for OpenSSL and, specifically, the s_client command, which connects to a specified domain and prints all certificates in the certificate chain. You may already know this, but the certificate chain is basically a fancy way of saying, show me all the certificates necessary to prove your site certificate was authorized by a trusted certificate authority. CHRIS: I did not know that. STEPH: Okay, I honestly didn't either. [laughs] CHRIS: I liked that you thought I would, though. So thank you, but no. [chuckles] STEPH: Yeah, it's one of those areas of SSL where I know just enough. But that was something that was new to me. I thought there was a site certificate, and I didn't realize that there is this chain of certificates that has to be honored. So going back and looking through that output of the certificate chain, that's what highlighted to me that their server was giving us their certificate and saying, hey, you should trust our site certificate. It's legit because it was authorized by, let's say, XYZ certificate. And so if it were a proper certificate chain, then they would give us that XYZ cert. And essentially, we can use this chain of certificates to get back to a trusted authority that then everybody knows that we can trust. However, they weren't actually giving us a reference certificate; they were giving us something else. So essentially, they were saying, "Hey, look at our certificate and look at this very trustworthy reference that we have." But they're actually failing to give us that reference. So to bring it all home, we can download that intermediate certificate that they reference; that is something that is publicly accessible. That's why we're able to then verify each certificate that's provided in that chain. We could go and download that intermediate certificate from that certificate authority. We could combine that with their site-specific certificate, include that in our request to their system, and then complete the certificate chain. And boom, we're back in business. But it was quite a journey. CHRIS: That is quite the journey. And yeah, I definitely knew very little of that, although everything you're saying makes sense. And I have a bunch of cubbyholes in my brain for SSL knowledge. And the words you said all fit into the spaces that I have in my brain, but I didn't know a bunch of those pieces. So thank you for sharing that. SSL and cryptography, more generally or password hashing or things like that, occupy this special place in my brain where I'm both really interested in them. And I will occasionally research them. If I see a blog article, I'll be like, oh yeah, I want to read more about this password hashing. And what's a Salt? And what's a Pepper? And what are we doing there? And what is BCrypt versus SCrypt? What are all these things? This is cool. And almost the arms race on the two sides of how do we demonstrate trust in a secure manner on the internet? But at the same time, I am not allowed to do anything with this information. I outsource this as much as humanly possible because it's one of those things that you just should not do yourself and SSL perhaps even more so. So I have configured aspects of my password hashing. But I 100% just lean on the fact that Let's Encrypt exists in the world. And prior to that, it was a little more work. But frankly, earlier on in my career, I wasn't dealing with the SSL parts of things. But I'm so grateful to Let's Encrypt as a project that exists. And now, on almost every platform that I work with, there's just a checkbox for please do the SSL work for me, make it good, make it work, and then I will be happy. And I'm so glad that that organization exists and really pushed the envelope also. I forget what it was, but it was only like three years ago where SSL was not actually nearly as common as it is now. And now it is pervasive and everywhere. And all of the sites have it, and so that is a wonderful thing. But I don't actually know much. I know that I should have it. I must have it. I should force it. That's true. So I push that out… STEPH: Hello. CHRIS: Are you trying to get me to sing? [chuckles] STEPH: [laughs] No, but I did want to know if you get the reference, the Salt-N-Pepa. CHRIS: Push It Real Good the song? Yeah, okay. STEPH: Yeah, you got it. [chuckles] CHRIS: I will just say the lyrics. I shall not sing the lyrics. I would say that, though, that yes, yes, they do that. STEPH: Thank you for acknowledging my very terrible reference. Circling back just a little bit too in regards to...I'm with you; this is a world that is not one that I am very deeply technical in and something that I learned a fair amount while troubleshooting this particular SSL error. And it was very interesting. But there's also that concern where it's like, that was interesting. And we worked around the issue, but this also feels very fragile. So we still haven't fixed it on their end where they are sending the wrong certificate. So then that's why we had to do more investigative work, and then download the certificate that they meant to send us, and then send back a complete certificate chain so that we don't have this error anymore. But should they change anything about their certificate, should they renew anything like that, then suddenly, we're going to break again. And then, the next developer is going to have to go through the same journey. And this wasn't a light journey. This was a good half-day journey to figure out what was going on and to spend the time, and then to also get that fix out to production. So it's a meaningful task that I don't want anyone else to have to go through. But we are relying on someone else updating their configuration. So, on one hand, we're in a good spot until they are able to update. But on the other hand, I wrote a heck of a commit message for the next person just describing like, friend, just grab some coffee if we're going to chat. It's a very small code change, but you need to know the scoop. So should you need to replicate this because they've changed something, or if this happens…because we work with a number of systems that we send data to. So if someone else should run into a similar issue, they will understand some of the troubleshooting techniques that I used and be able to look up that chain and find out if there's a missing cert or something else they need to provide. So it feels like a win, but I'm also nervous for future selves, future developers. So there's another approach that I haven't mentioned yet, but it was often a top recommendation for when dealing with SSL errors. And specifically, it was turning off SSL verification. And I saw that, and I was like, well, that won't work. I'm definitely sending sensitive, important data. And I need to verify that who I'm sending this to is really the person that I want to send this data to. So that was not an option for me. But it made me very nervous how often that was an approach that people would recommend and be like, oh, it's okay, just turn off SSL. You'll be fine. Like, don't worry about it. CHRIS: I feel like this so perfectly fits into the...some of our work is finding the information and connecting the pieces together and making it work. But some of it is that heuristic sense, that voice in the back of your head that is like, wait, I'm sorry, what? You want me to just turn off the security perimeter and hope that the velociraptors won't come in? That doesn't seem like it's going to end well. I get that that's an easy option that we have available to us right now and will solve the immediate problem but then let's play this out. There are four or five Jurassic Park movies now that tell the story of that. So let's be careful. STEPH: It always ends super well, though, right? Like, it's totally fine. [laughs] CHRIS: [laughs] Exclusively. Although it's funny that you mentioned OpenSSL no verify because just this past week, I used that very same configuration. I think it was okay in my case; I'm pretty sure. But it is interesting because when I saw it, I was like, oh no, can't do that. Certainly not that. Don't turn off the security feature. That's the wrong way to deal with the issue. But in the particular case that I'm working with, I'm using Redis, Heroku Redis, in particular, in a Heroku configuration. And the nature of how Heroku configures the Redis instances and the connectivity to our app into our dyno...I forget why. I read an article. They wrote it; Heroku wrote it. I trust them; they're good. I've outsourced my trust to people that I do trust. The trust chain actually maps really well to the certificate trust chain. I trust that Heroku has taken security deeply seriously. And for some reason, their configuration of Redis requires that I turn on OpenSSL no verify mode. So I'm using this now both in Sidekiq, and then we're using our Redis instance for our Rails cache as well. So in both cases, I said, "It's fine. Don't worry about it." I used the Don't worry about it configuration. And I didn't love it but I think it's okay. And partly, I'm trying to say this into the internet radio right now just in case anyone's listening who's like, no, no, no, you can't do that. That's bad. So I'm willing to be deeply wrong on the internet in favor of someone telling me and then I get to get out in front of it. But I think it's fine. Pretty sure it's fine. It should be fine. STEPH: I love love love that you gave a very visual example of velociraptors, and then you're like, oh, but I turned it off. [laughs] So I'm going to start sending you a velociraptor gif each day. CHRIS: I hope you do. I hope the internet holds you accountable to that. STEPH: [laughs] CHRIS: And I really look forward to [laughs] moving forward because that's a great way to start the day. Well, it doesn't need to start the day, but I look forward to them. STEPH: [laughs] I am really intrigued because I'm with you. Like you said, there are certain entities that are in our trust chain where it's like, hey, you are running this for us, and so I do have faith and trust in you that you wouldn't steer me wrong and provide a bad recommendation. Someone on Stack Overflow telling me to turn off SSL verify uh; that's not my trust chain. Heroku or someone else telling me I'm going to take it a little more seriously. And so I'm also interested in hearing from...what'd you say? You're speaking into the internet phone. [laughs] What'd you say? CHRIS: I think I said internet radio. But yeah, in a way. I mean, we're recording over Skype right now. So in a manner of speaking, we're on the internet phone to make our internet radio show. STEPH: [laughs] Oh goodness, the internet radio. I'm also intrigued to hear if other people are like, oh, no, no, no. Yeah, that sounds like an interesting scenario. Because I would think you'd still want your connection to...you said it's for Redis. So you still want that connection to be verified. But then if Redis itself can't have a specific...yeah, we're testing the boundaries of my SSL knowledge here as to how the heck you would even establish that SSL connection or the verification process. CHRIS: Me too. And it also exists in an interesting space where Heroku is rather clear in their documentation about this. And it was a surprising claim when I saw it. And so, I don't expect them to be flippant about a thing that is important. Like, if they're like, "No, no, no, it is okay. You can turn off the security thing, don't worry." I trust that they're not just like, oh, we didn't think about it too much. But we figured why not? It's not a big deal. I'm sure that they have thought about it deeply because it is an important thing. And so in a weird way, my trust of them and the severity of what this thing represents, I'm like, oh yeah, I super trust that because you're not going to get a major thing wrong. You might get a minor, small, subtle thing wrong. But this is a pretty major configuration change. As I say it, I'm now getting more worried. I'm now like, I feel fine about this. This doesn't seem like a problem at all. But then I keep saying stuff, and I'm like, oh no. That's why I love having a podcast; I find out things about myself as I talk into a microphone to you. STEPH: We come here to share our deep, dark developer secrets. Chris: Spooky developer therapy. STEPH: But just to clarify, even though you've turned off the SSL verify, you're still connecting over SSL. CHRIS: Yes, I believe that's the case. And if I'm remembering, I think the nature of how this works is they're using a self-signed certificate because of shared infrastructure or something, something that made sense when I read it. But it was the idea that they are doing a self-signed certificate. Therefore, to what you were talking about earlier, there isn't the certificate authority in the chain of those because it's self-signed. And so, they are not a trusted certificate authority. Therefore, that certificate that they have generated would not be trusted. But it does still allow for the SSL handshake and then communication to happen over SSL. It's just that fundamental question of trust. I'm saying, in this case, for reasons, it's okay. Trust me that I trust them. We're good. Which, again, I don't feel great about, but I think yes, it is still SSL, but it is a self-signed certificate. So we have to make this configuration change. STEPH: Yeah, all of that makes sense. And it certainly sounds like you have been very thoughtful about that change and put in some investigative work. So on that note, I have a very unrelated bad joke for you. CHRIS: I'm very excited. STEPH: All right, here we go. All right, so what do you call an alligator wearing a vest? CHRIS: I don't know. What do you call an alligator wearing a vest? STEPH: An investigator. [laughter] On that note, shall we wrap up? CHRIS: Oh, let's wrap up. We should also include a link in the show notes to the episode where you told the joke about the elephant hiding in the trees because that's one of my favorite jokes. You slayed me with that one. [laughs] But on that note, yes, let us wrap up. The show notes for this episode can be found at bikeshed.fm. STEPH: This show is produced and edited by Mandy Moore. CHRIS: If you enjoyed listening, one really easy way to support the show is to leave us a quick rating or even a review in iTunes,,as it really helps other folks find the show. STEPH: If you have any feedback for this or any of our other episodes, you can reach us at @_bikeshed or reach me on Twitter @SViccari. CHRIS: And I'm @christoomey STEPH: Or you can reach us at email@example.com via email. CHRIS: Thanks so much for listening to The Bike Shed, and we'll see you next week. All: Byeeeeeeeeee!!! Announcer: This podcast was brought to you by thoughtbot. thoughtbot is your expert design and development partner. Let's make your product and team a success.
Back in the days when brick-and-mortar bookstores were common in suburban America, I was browsing the shelves at my local Borders when a title caught my eye: Her Royal Spyness by Rhys Bowen. I picked it up, opened it, and fell in love. It's 1932, and Lady Georgiana Rannoch, a twenty-something who is “thirty-fourth in line to the British throne,” has fled her ancient but drafty ducal castle in Scotland for the family mansion in London. Alas, the Rannoch family—although rich in property—hasn't a farthing to its illustrious name due to the unfortunate gambling habits of the first duke, Lady Georgie's father. And as a member of the royal family, Georgie can't just go out and get a job, because the only destiny approved by her lofty relatives is to marry the fish-faced Prince Siegfried, who doesn't even like women. Nonetheless, with a little help from her friend Belinda and a handsome but enigmatic gentleman named Darcy O'Mara, Georgie manages not only to survive but to solve a murder. Since the day I finished that book, I have wanted to interview Rhys Bowen, the creator of Lady Georgiana and a number of other memorable detectives both amateur and professional. That time has come with Georgie's fifteenth adventure (and second murder-filled Christmas), God Rest Ye, Royal Gentlemen (Berkley, 2021). After fourteen books, Georgie's life and financial circumstances have substantially improved. Georgie and Darcy have married, and they plan to entertain their friends for Christmas at their new estate. As fate would have it, except for Georgie's beloved grandfather, the only guests able to attend are her brother, the Duke of Rannoch, and his wife, known as Fig—the last person Georgie wants to spend time with. She's just about resigned herself to Christmas with Fig when a letter arrives from Darcy's eccentric Aunt Ermintrude, insisting that they all come at once to her home near Sandringham, close to the Royal Family. The Queen of England has requested Georgie's presence, although she does not divulge why. Unable to say no to Her Royal Highness, Georgie, Darcy, and the Rannochs head off to Aunt Ermintrude's house. At Sandringham, Georgie learns that Queen Mary believes someone intends harm toward her son, the Prince of Wales, now deeply involved with Wallis Simpson. She wants Georgie to find out what's going on. Georgie's merry little Christmas is set to become a royal nightmare if she can't get to the bottom of this mystery. Bowen's mysteries are complex and their solutions satisfying, but the real delight of these novels is the way they poke fun at the British class system, exemplified by Georgie's own mixed heritage as the daughter of a duke and of an actress whose father, a retired Cockney policeman, acts as a constant reminder that being a member of the royal family isn't all it's cracked up to be. They're also, to put it simply, hilarious. If this is your first encounter with them, I promise you have a treat in store. Rhys Bowen is the New York Times bestselling author of more than forty novels, including two historical mystery series featuring Molly Murphy and Lady Georgiana Rannoch and four stand-alone novels. Her work has won over twenty honors to date, including multiple Agatha, Anthony, and Macavity awards. Find out more about her at https://rhysbowen.com. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/literature
Back in the days when brick-and-mortar bookstores were common in suburban America, I was browsing the shelves at my local Borders when a title caught my eye: Her Royal Spyness by Rhys Bowen. I picked it up, opened it, and fell in love. It's 1932, and Lady Georgiana Rannoch, a twenty-something who is “thirty-fourth in line to the British throne,” has fled her ancient but drafty ducal castle in Scotland for the family mansion in London. Alas, the Rannoch family—although rich in property—hasn't a farthing to its illustrious name due to the unfortunate gambling habits of the first duke, Lady Georgie's father. And as a member of the royal family, Georgie can't just go out and get a job, because the only destiny approved by her lofty relatives is to marry the fish-faced Prince Siegfried, who doesn't even like women. Nonetheless, with a little help from her friend Belinda and a handsome but enigmatic gentleman named Darcy O'Mara, Georgie manages not only to survive but to solve a murder. Since the day I finished that book, I have wanted to interview Rhys Bowen, the creator of Lady Georgiana and a number of other memorable detectives both amateur and professional. That time has come with Georgie's fifteenth adventure (and second murder-filled Christmas), God Rest Ye, Royal Gentlemen (Berkley, 2021). After fourteen books, Georgie's life and financial circumstances have substantially improved. Georgie and Darcy have married, and they plan to entertain their friends for Christmas at their new estate. As fate would have it, except for Georgie's beloved grandfather, the only guests able to attend are her brother, the Duke of Rannoch, and his wife, known as Fig—the last person Georgie wants to spend time with. She's just about resigned herself to Christmas with Fig when a letter arrives from Darcy's eccentric Aunt Ermintrude, insisting that they all come at once to her home near Sandringham, close to the Royal Family. The Queen of England has requested Georgie's presence, although she does not divulge why. Unable to say no to Her Royal Highness, Georgie, Darcy, and the Rannochs head off to Aunt Ermintrude's house. At Sandringham, Georgie learns that Queen Mary believes someone intends harm toward her son, the Prince of Wales, now deeply involved with Wallis Simpson. She wants Georgie to find out what's going on. Georgie's merry little Christmas is set to become a royal nightmare if she can't get to the bottom of this mystery. Bowen's mysteries are complex and their solutions satisfying, but the real delight of these novels is the way they poke fun at the British class system, exemplified by Georgie's own mixed heritage as the daughter of a duke and of an actress whose father, a retired Cockney policeman, acts as a constant reminder that being a member of the royal family isn't all it's cracked up to be. They're also, to put it simply, hilarious. If this is your first encounter with them, I promise you have a treat in store. Rhys Bowen is the New York Times bestselling author of more than forty novels, including two historical mystery series featuring Molly Murphy and Lady Georgiana Rannoch and four stand-alone novels. Her work has won over twenty honors to date, including multiple Agatha, Anthony, and Macavity awards. Find out more about her at https://rhysbowen.com. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
People with chronic health conditions are still waiting on an alternative vaccine to the Pfizer shot. For several weeks, the Ministry of Health has suggested it is looking at providing a vaccine that may not cause severe reactions. Those calling for a different treatment say they feel like outcasts who won't be allowed to get a vaccination certificate. Ben Strang reports.
Kids under 12 can't yet get vaccinated, but they're back in classrooms and COVID case counts have been high for weeks. And for their parents, that means lots of tricky situations to navigate.
For Educational Purposes Only. The Creator owns the content.) "In Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus, now expanded with bonus content, Nabeel Qureshi describes his dramatic journey from Islam to Christianity, complete with friendships, investigations, and supernatural dreams along the way. Providing an intimate window into a loving Muslim home, Qureshi shares how he developed a passion for Islam before discovering, almost against his will, evidence that Jesus rose from the dead and claimed to be God. Unable to deny the arguments but not wanting to deny his family, Qureshi struggled with an inner turmoil that will challenge Christians, Muslims, and all those who are interested in the world's greatest religions. Engaging and thought-provoking, Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus tells a powerful story of the clash between Islam and Christianity in one man's heart? and of the peace he eventually found in Jesus. "I have seldom seen such genuine intellect combined with passion to match ... truly a 'must-read' book."—Ravi Zacharias."
Welcome Travelers to the thrilling conclusion of The Book of the Raven from the Candlekeep Mysteries! Having found Chalet Brantifax, they were faced with an unexpected challenge. Unable to even lick their wounds from the previous encounters, they found themselves face to face with a bring of unbridled evil! If you would like to hear...
In this episode of Quah (Q & A), Sal, Adam & Justin answer four Pump Head questions via Zoom. How there is a bit of permanence when it comes to resistance training. (4:27) Dad life with the guys. (11:23) Can young blood rejuvenate the old? (15:13) The 411 on vampire bats. (17:39) Strange News with Sal. (20:18) The MANY factors that go into running a successful company. (23:26) The criteria of what your future robot should do. (29:43) Sal, the supplement king. (32:09) The potential game-changing benefits of having your hormones checked. (34:32) The benefits of red light therapy on the body. (37:08) #Quah question #1 – How can I maintain my gymnastic abilities while trying to build muscle? (41:47) #Quah question #2 – How can I gauge changes in my workout programming before I move on? (53:48) #Quah question #3 – Is it possible to build muscle when you're on a diet with restricted protein intake? (1:05:58) #Quah question #4 – How can I increase my calories and build muscle, while maintaining my gut health? (1:15:06) Related Links/Products Mentioned Ask a question to Mind Pump, live! Email: firstname.lastname@example.org October Promotion: MAPS Anabolic and NO BS 6-Pack Formula - Get Both for $59.99! Has the fountain of youth been in our blood all along? Grimes Jokes That She's Starting a “Lesbian Space Commune” on Jupiter After Elon Musk Breakup Fish are getting high from drugs in people's pee in rivers near Glastonbury Festival CEO who gave employees $70K minimum wage says revenue tripled 6 years later Amazon announces "Astro," it's long-awaited home assistant robot More Plates More Dates – YouTube MP Hormones Mind Pump #1607: How To Optimize Your Hormones With Dr. Rand McClain Visit Joovv for an exclusive offer for Mind Pump listeners! Red Light Therapy Partner of San Francisco 49ers | Joovv Visit Oli Pop for an exclusive offer for Mind Pump listeners! **Promo code “mindpump” at checkout for 15% off your first order** Mind Pump x NCI Mentorship Coaching Stop Working Out And Start Practicing – Mind Pump Blog MAPS Strong | MAPS Fitness Products - Mind Pump Media How Phasing Your Workouts Leads to Consistent Plateau Free Workouts – Mind Pump Blog Mind Pump #1612: Everything You Need To Know About Sets, Reps & Rest Periods Mind Pump #940: How To Avoid Training Plateaus The Secret To A Great Butt Guide How To Build A Bigger Butt – Mind Pump Blog Mind Pump #1220: The 4 Best Sources Of Protein Mind Pump #1587: Getting To Root Cause Of Low Energy, Skin Issues And A Poor Libido With Dr. Stephen Cabral Mind Pump #1215: Dr. Becky Campbell On Thyroid Disease, Autoimmune Disease & Histamine Intolerance Mind Pump Podcast – YouTube Mind Pump Free Resources People Mentioned More Plates More Dates (@moreplatesmoredates) Instagram Dr. Stephen Cabral (@stephencabral) Instagram Dr. Becky Campbell (@drbeckycampbell) Instagram
This week: we've been using our iPhone 13/Pros for one week now—here are our honest reviews! Plus: iOS 15, bugs galore! We'll cover all the major iOS 15 and iPhone 13 bugs you need to know about. Get 2 episodes of CultCast Off Topic each and every week for just $6! Off Topic is a new weekly variety show hosted by Erfon Elijah and friends, dedicated to tech, gaming, culture, and more. Join Cult Support, good friend! This episode supported by Easily create a beautiful website all by yourself, at Squarespace.com/cultcast. Use offer code CultCast at checkout to get 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain. Cult of Mac's watch store is full of beautiful straps that cost way less than Apple's. See the full curated collection at Store.Cultofmac.com CultCloth will keep your iPhone 13, Apple Watch, iPad, glasses and lenses sparkling clean, and for a limited time use code CULTCAST at checkout to score a free CarryCloth with any order at CultCloth.co. Join us in the CultClub! discord.gg/BrKdnSK On the show this week @erfon / @lkahney / @lewiswallace iPhone 13 Pro truly is the Goldilocks phone [Review] Is there such a thing as the fabled Goldilocks phone? You know, a phone that is just right? Not too big. Not too small. Great camera and screen. Amazing battery life. iPhone 13 component shortage lengthens wait times Production of the new iPhone 13 series isn't catching up to demand. A shortage of a critical component is keeping wait times long for many versions of the handset. Can't wait for an iPhone 13? Win one!!! New iPhone 13 cases and accessories in the Cult of Mac Store Apple vows to fix iPhone 13 bug that breaks Unlock with Apple Watch Apple has promised to fix an iPhone 13 bug that prevents owners from using Unlock with Apple Watch. In the meantime, users can disable the feature to prevent an “Unable to Communicate with Apple Watch” error from appearing. iPhone owners suffer intermittent touch input issues under iOS 15 Some iPhone models are being plagued by touchscreen issues under Apple's newest iOS 15 firmware. The problem, which seems to affect iPhone 13 owners most, causes devices to not respond to touch inputs. iOS 15 problems continue as iPhone 13 owners report CarPlay crashes The long list of problems that have surfaced in iOS 15 continues to grow as iPhone 13 owners report new issues with CarPlay. Some say they are unable to play tracks in Apple Music or third-party apps like Spotify without the system crashing completely. There are some fixes you can try, like disabling the equalizer if it's active, that may solve the problem. iPhone 14 Coming With “Complete Redesign” Next Year, Says Mark Gurman
Do you feel overwhelmed? Unable to get started on what you know you need to do right now? You're in the right place. In this mental exercise, we will use phrases to boost our dopamine levels, the neurotransmitter that makes us feel better, think clearer, plan, memorize, and learn better. Paired with a simple breath and muscle relaxation, this is a powerful tool you can take with you where ever and whenever you need it. My passion is to share the Science of Resilience for evidence backed self-help tools that you can use for peak performance and wellness. Please subscribe, download, and share this podcast to support this free work. Goto MindBodySpace.com and sign up for the newsletter and get more tips on neuroscience backed planning. Cut back the clutter and get more time to do what's most important to you.
Jen Wilkin, JT English, and Kyle Worley continue their discussion in the book of Romans by looking at Romans 3:1-20.Questions Covered in This Episode:Why does Paul open up with this question?What advantage did the Jews have?Does God keep his promises?If you were to summarize verses 1-8 in a few sentences how would you say it?But hold on, Jews aren't better than the Greeks just because of this advantage (V. 9)?The bad bad news (Rom. 3:10-18)...where does this come from?Is this true of us? Or just the Jews and Gentiles Paul is addressing? Is it true of Christians before salvation or after salvation or both?Let's talk about total depravity and the doctrine of sin. Who is the audience of the letter?How do you see value as those who are in Christ on reflecting on our fallen state apart from Christ? How does that keep us in the fear of the Lord?Helpful Definitions:Total depravity: Unable and unwilling to choose righteousness.Posse peccare, posse non peccare: Able to sin, able not to sin.Non posse non peccare: Not able not to sin.Posse non peccare: Able not to sin.Non posse peccare: Unable to sin.Functional atheist: One who professes the fear of the Lord and lives as if he has none. Making excuses for himself because his actual reference point is human instead of divine but still is doing a lot of religious activity.Anthropology: What does it mean to be human?Hamartiology: What is the doctrine of sin?Resources Mentioned in This Episode:Romans 3:1-20, James 2:1-13, Romans 7:22-23“Romans 1-8” by C. E. B. Cranfield“Romans” by Tom SchreinerAmazon affiliate links are used where appropriate. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases, thank you for supporting Knowing Faith.Sponsors:Reserve your spot now to attend Southern Seminary Preview Day on October 15. Use the promo code KNOWINGFAITH, and Southern will waive the $25 fee for lodging and meals.To learn more about our sponsors please visit our website.Follow Us:Twitter | Instagram | Facebook | WebsiteSupport Knowing Faith and Become a Patron:patreon.com/knowingfaith
On today's episode we are joined by Sofia Karvela and Phuong Ireland of the new wildly popular clothing line WKND Nation. We discuss the challenges of launching a business during a pandemic, what keeps these women grounded, and how they balance their lives as mega entrepreneurs and mothers. Sofia Karvela and Phuong Ireland are the founders of of WKND Nation, the size-inclusive clothing brand defined by their “comfort gone stylish” aesthetic, and their classic silhouettes with a twist that can be dressed up or down or anything in between! SOFIA KARVELA – Co-founder, Creative Director Born from creatives in Athens, Greece, she experienced the horror and glory of it all and felt the need to follow in their footsteps. Unable to score a movie role she went to plan B – fashion. After fetching coffee for renowned stylist Patricia Field, she scored an assistant stylist title. She soon signed with The Wall Group and worked on numerous projects across editorial, campaign, and entertainment including Sex and the City and Younger. Clothes and telling a story through them is what gets her out of bed in the morning – along with her two sons screaming. Now, the goal is to create a world and lifestyle for others to live more comfortably, happily and honestly in. PHUONG IRELAND – Co-founder, CEO After graduating from Duke University and Columbia Business School, Phuong's retail story began at Victoria's Secret where she learned the power of storytelling in branding. She cut her entrepreneurial chops by starting the VS Accessories division, which is now a global travel retail business. She then led the newly formed Beauty & Accessories team at Aerie and American Eagle Outfitters, building the segments from small tests to significant chain-wide businesses. Most recently she launched an e-commerce business for media brand Scary Mommy, where she created a marketplace of 40+ women-owned brands and launched an affiliate marketing vertical. The idea of creating a lifestyle brand that could bring together millions of women to help them live happier, more satisfying lives is a dream come true. Get your WKND Nation Fix HERE: Shop WKND Nation! Use code OBSESSED20 for 20% off your WKND Nation Purchase! Follow WKND Nation on Instagram - @wkndnation @thesofiakarvela @phuong_ireland 3 Part YouTube Series Mentioned in Episode: Building WKND Nation Follow us on - Instagram: @obsessedwiththebestpod YouTube: Obsessed With The Best Patreon: Obsessed With The Best TikTok: @obsessedwiththebestpod Feel free to email us any time at email@example.com, with questions, comments, and product or guest suggestions! Support us by supporting our host network, DimlyWitProductions. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Unable to satisfy a term of his probation, Ryan learns he will be remanded into custody in 48 hours. Facing a 15 year prison sentence, a devastated Ryan turns to his older siblings Lee Grace and Dylan for help. In an effort to protect Ryan, they stay up all night and concoct a plan to flee to Mexico. The Doughertys pack up the car and leave the next morning. Unfortunately, Ryan's penchant for driving fast draws the attention of a cop running radar. One thing is for certain, the Doughertys will not go down quietly. Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
Click for full show notes, exercises, and parenting scripts from this episodeThere's one slice of pizza left, and all three of your kids want it. One kid argues that he called dibs on it before it even came out of the oven, so it's definitely his. Another says that since she had track practice today, she's the hungriest–and therefore it belongs to her. The third declares that the two slices he already ate were wayyyy smaller than the rest, making him the rightful owner of this final piece. Unable to stop bickering over it, they look to you to decide who gets to eat it….but it seems like all three of them are making a pretty good case!Decisions like this can feel impossible, but as parents, we face them almost everyday. Not only are there battles of ownership between the kids themselves, but you and your teen also likely argue over who owns their phones, the car, their bedroom, and even perhaps their body. (Who should get the final say on blue hair and belly button piercings?) When problems arise, it's not always easy to distinguish what belongs to who, and that can make life pretty difficult!This week, we're talking about the rules of ownership….and what makes them so complicated. Our guests are Michael Heller and James Salzman, authors of the new book Mine!: How the Hidden Rules of Ownership Control Our Lives. In their work as lawyers and law professors, James and Michael have spent a lot of time thinking about possession and what entitles someone to the rights of ownership.To help us understand how disputes over ownership arise, Michael, James and I are discussing the six rules that people use to argue that they have possession of something. We're also chatting about why companies think they have the right to sell your data and covering how you can use your ownership position to teach kids important life lessons.Click for full show notes, exercises, and parenting scripts from this episode
00:00 INTRO10:44 I found a 3PL that has seller fulfilled prime for their own brand they sell, can I have them fulfill for me and get the Prime badge11:58 Someone hijacked my UK listing, changed the brand name/owner, made a complaint and now I'm barred from listing my item, and my FBA inventory will be destroyed13:06 Do you repeat your Alt Text for different images in A+ content14:26 I'd like to get a PO Box for my business, will the damaged FBA inventory be automatically sent for it, or will they still go to the old address? Do I need to report it to the gov't for my LLC status15:15 You already did my BR and it's working great. Can I start another brand under the same AMZ account, same bank account, and corporation as the first one16:29 Can you create a video to go into detail on the latest request from AMZ "New product types and attributes for your listings"18:03 Amazon states that EBC increases your sales by 5% on average, is that number accurate from your experience19:10 Can I put a branded product into my product package as a supporting item20:04 I have recently shipped to FBA 60 units, but AMZ only shows 40 units, product shipped 09/07, status still receiving21:34 Do you have any video on sponsored video ads on AMZ23:16 What to take into consideration if I want to sell candles on AMZ supply chain thing, not Amazon stuff24:33 ASIN REVIEW: B095RRVLFS28:24 You're not a fan of coupons, why is this30:37 What will be the best way to fix a false IP claim32:00 Will AMZ make you pull inventory for Prop 65 violation32:35 I have a customizable product, can I create a variation33:24 What do you think about rebate giveaways and are they allowed by AMZ34:13 Do you have a recommended 3PL that doesn't get overwhelmed during Q434:34 Will AMZ going to re-ask for ISO documentation again, I originally submitted this a few years ago35:28 If you could go back to when you first opened your agency, what would you change, improve, focus more on39:00 Are the tools like Helium10 partially responsible for the increase in advertising people sellers are able to more informed on how to compete effectively for the best KWs39:27 Can you explain what happens in your "client survey" before the onboarding client call41:44 Have you ever interviewed someone that specializes in how to use influencers and can recommend any particular software for finding influencers43:59 Unable to add variations to my category (wrist & ankle weights) but all other listings have them46:24 What's an average day look like for an account director w/ MAG49:20 How do you gate your brand50:35 Does the copy in the original product description still impact SEO once A+ content is inserted51:04 Every night I go 4 organic ranks on the main KW, but during the day I go ran 40+51:54 Created shipment for Monday in New Shipping Workflow. Printed shipment Labels 2 AMZ, but did not see where t print FNSKU Labels 4 products53:18 We set activate date to Dec when do we change this once AMZ receives the product55:30 Do you know of the seller rating score that AMZ uses for hierarchy editing attributes on the detail page57:24 Is the best course of action to start fresh w/ a new brand (new TM, serial number) and then move all ASINs to the new brand1:00:06 I sell supplements, ACOS is 20-30%, but TACOS are at 7%. Should I raise ACOS to raise TACOS? What % level do I need to raise my ACOS to get my TACOS to 15-20%1:00:39 What's the average length a full-service client stays w/ you1:01:40 After AMZ is refunding the client, where is my product going1:02:24 Do you know if AMZ's replenishment recommendations take into consideration the transit time from 3PL to FBASupport the show (https://www.paypal.com/paypalme/myamazonguy)
The two biggest injuries that are set to have an impact on this game is that right tackle Brandon Shell is out for the Seahawks, and four-time Pro Bowl linebacker Anthony Barr is out for the Vikings. DK Metcalf's emotions were a big topic throughout this weeks' press conferences and he had a series of questions from reporters in his meeting with them and Russell Wilson offered his thoughts on it this week, too. The show closes with a look at the injury reports for each team going into tomorrow's game. Subscribe to the Field Gulls Podcast via: Apple Podcasts | Google Podcasts | Spotify |Overcast | Pocket Casts | Stitcher | Castbox | Subscribe on Android | PlayerFM | RSS Produced by: Wilson Conn Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
As if experiencing the Monica Lewinsky saga first-hand wasn't strange enough, Impeachment: American Crime Story is now subjecting Jonah to it all over again. How did we get here? And when exactly did American politics stop making sense? Unable to answer those questions alone and with David Byrne ignoring his calls, Jonah summons Guy and Ryan for a journey into the world of book royalties, internet comment sections, and broadcasting secrets best left in the green room. Their ramblings also address the passing of Norm Macdonald, dark behind the scenes secrets of The Dispatch, and why political provocateurs usually don't enjoy more than 15 minutes of fame. Plus, tune in to hear Jonah tell an epic story of identity theft. Show Notes: - Wednesday's G-File, released to the masses - The Remnant's super-spectacular 400th episode - Conan's tribute to Norm Macdonald - Guy's Bret Stephens profile, shamelessly plugged - Jonah's return to National Review - The Remnant with Will Saletan - Florida, Florida, Florida - The double - “Schindler es bueno, señor Burns es el diablo” - Duke Zeibert's - Milo Minderbinder See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Emo alternative band This Summer have released their new single "The Rabbit Hole," available on all digital platforms NOW. “The Rabbit Hole” leads off their upcoming debut album (more info TBA), and introduces their new music in an emotionally captivating light. According to the band, "The Rabbit Hole" is a reflection of coping with PTSD, specifically living with a loved one with substance abuse issues. The lyrics depict a scene of watching someone slowly deteriorate as your tolerance for their reckless decisions grows thin, as well as coping with the loss of said loved one due to their dependency. A fresh take on their revamped, modern rock sound, "The Rabbit Hole" finds This Summer in their most genuine state - gripping, open, and incredibly bold. In need of a reset, This Summer swapped their nostalgic hard rock sound in early 2020 for an angstier, feisty, modern clash of driving melodies and emotionally gripping vocals. The band has not been shy about bringing deep and emotionally enriching lyrics to the modern rock scene. Looking to destigmatize the issues of depression, abuse, regret and longing, This Summer brings these human emotions to the forefront of their lyricism in hopes of connecting with listeners on an engaging level. Unable to access a studio, the band's current lineup initially spent the start of the COVID-19 pandemic recording, completing an EP in just 2 months. Their new tracks placed emphasis on retaining the cozy feeling of nostalgia and implementing soft colors into their branding. Their new single “The Rabbit Hole,” released on August 27th, is filled with dark emo flavors, accentuating the band's ability to evolve past nostalgia. A fresh take on Midwestern rock, This Summer is always expanding. Thank you for listening! If there are bands that you would like to hear on the show or if you're a band that would like to join me for an interview, please reach out to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Twitch: Twitch.tv/MrRadChad Instagram: @BeyondRadPodcast | @MrRadChad --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/beyondrad/support
Building Resilience To Find Peace From Anxiety With Hala Khouri We live in a time when our lives can be overwhelmed by stress and anxiety. Being in this constant state can perpetuate a feeling of helplessness. But at one point, we have to face all these negative feelings inside us to free ourselves from them by building resilience . Acknowledging that both positive and negative things can co-exist is the only way we can feel more at peace. In this episode, Hala Khouri joins us to share the essential tools in her book, Peace from Anxiety. She talks about developing the concept of “tend and befriend” as a stress response and interoception as a self-regulation technique. Hala also discusses why she chose the theme of building resilience. Tune in to the episode to learn how you can find peace from anxiety and transform your life. Here are three reasons why you should listen to the full episode: Learn about the three different aspects that might be keeping you from finding peace. Find out helpful tips on what to do when you're unable to regulate your nervous system during high-stress states. Discover the concepts of self-regulation, interoception, and building resilience in transforming yourself. Resources Connect with Hala: Website | Facebook | Instagram Off the Mat, Into the World Peace from Anxiety by Hala Khouri Shambhala Publications Create a daily meditation ritual in just seven days! Download BUILD YOUR DAILY MEDITATION RITUAL and other freebies on the Radically Loved website! FREE Action Guide! Apply the lessons you learn from this episode as you listen! Sign up at com, and I'll send it right away! Episode Highlights Writing Peace from Anxiety Hala always knew the book was inside her. Many of her students and clients were requesting for the information to be more widely available. The book-writing process was a seamless experience for Hala. She was ready and merely wrote every smart thing she has said. The book is divided into three different parts. What will impact readers most depends on what's missing in their lives. The First Part: Physiological Aspects This part is about grounding techniques, self-regulation, and understanding our nervous system. It's often the easiest for people to grasp and has the most immediate impact. These tools are the things people remember, implement, and do all the time. The Second Part: Relationships We can't be well alone. While we can have all the tools for our bodies to run smoothly, we still need to build relationships. This part is not something you can do right away. It involves working on prioritizing relationships, asking for help, and letting yourself need other people. The Third Part: The Global Heart It's about feeling like we're contributing towards a better world. For some people, the missing piece is the sense of making meaning and taking accountability. We all need to have a larger feeling of purpose and meaning. Relationship Divisions on Social Media Our thinking is very binary when we're in a high-stress state. Separation can be a stress reaction. The disembodied relationships and biased algorithms of social media make it worse. Social media is the perfect storm to our massive division and intolerance for difference. Before judging other people in a black-and-white manner, remember that we all have different levels of access to information and education. On Unhappiness, Forgiveness, and Giving Care Unhappy people tend to focus on their unhappiness because of the hypervigilance of figuring out how to be happy. Hala has worked with people with anxiety and depression. The “cure” they found was extending their care beyond themselves. We need to transform our stress response from “fight or flight” to “tend and befriend.” Tend and befriend is about seeing that our well-being is bound and extending ourselves to care for others when we're stressed. With the coronavirus, nobody can be well until everybody is well. Getting vaccinated is more of thinking about the sake of other people than yourself. What to Do When You're Unable to Regulate Your Nervous System Sometimes, we need somebody or something else to hold us. It can be another person or a spiritual belief that is bigger than us. Connecting to the suffering of others intentionally makes us feel less alone in our suffering. If you have COVID-19, think about all the other millions of people who also have COVID-19 at the exact moment. Allow your heart to open and feel that you're not alone in your suffering. Tune in to the full episode to hear about Rosie's experience on contracting COVID-19! Launching a Book Hala still feels surreal that her book is out. She hopes the book becomes a tool to support and impact people, especially at this high-anxiety time. One of her critiques about self-help books is their overly individualistic paradigm. Her book encourages people to need each other and allows them not to do everything right by themselves. Parenting at the Time of COVID-19 Her children understand how lucky they are to not be affected as badly as others. The issues her children experience are around missing milestones that allow them to feel themselves growing. Sometimes parents want to make their children's bad feelings go away. Doing that is a disservice to your child. Instead, Hala teaches her children how to face difficult feelings while also acknowledging what is positive. Self-Regulating When You're Hyperfocused on Negative Feelings We tend to hyperfocus on negative feelings when we're anxious, depressed, or scared. Numbing or denying the negative feelings don't work. Allow yourself to notice what else is in your body that feels good. Build the capacity in your brain to hold something that feels pleasant along with what's uncomfortable. The goal is not to get overwhelmed by anxiety or depression. Then, they can become just a part of who we are while we're still able to focus on the good. Interoception and Trauma Interoception is our capacity to sense what's happening inside us. Since we live in a disembodied culture, most of us have to learn it. This process is even harder for people who have had a lot of trauma in their formative years. You have to understand that you can't just stop being anxious instantly. But you can work on being more grounded. It would be helpful to have support, such as being in a yoga class or working with a therapist. You have to go slow. Otherwise, you will keep yourself in a high anxiety cycle. Slowing Down We get used to moving at a particular pace that's comfortably uncomfortable. Slowing down is scary, but it is okay. Hala decided not to go for her doctorate. It was a tough decision, but she realized she doesn't have to do that right now. We don't always have to strive to be amazing; mediocrity can be satisfying as well. Building Resilience in the Book Hala focused on building resilience because it doesn't pathologize. Her favorite definition of resilience is allowing difficulties to transform us. It's having this feeling that we can handle life. Resilience is a word that is more nuanced than some other positive words. It's about our capacity to imagine things being better than they were. We're all living in an imagined future. Trauma is a loss of imagination; reclaiming that capacity gives us hope. How Hala Feels Radically Loved Hala feels radically loved in every moment by being surrounded by blessings, opportunities, and supportive relationships. 5 Powerful Quotes [11:11] “The thing that ‘cured' [people with anxiety and depression] was actually extending their care beyond themselves, making it about something bigger than themselves.” [11:23] “I think what our planet needs is for us to transform our stress response from a fight or flight to a tend and befriend.” [11:51] “Until everybody is well, nobody can be well.” [23:33] “Maybe the goal is to not be overwhelmed by our anxiety or to feel like we're bigger than our depression so that those things become just a part of who we are.” [33:31] “Trauma is a loss of imagination. And when we reclaim our capacity to imagine, then that gives us hope.” About Hala Hala Khouri is the co-founder of Off the Mat Into the World, an organization dedicated to bridging yoga and activism. She is a yoga and movement teacher with over 25 years of experience and training in Somatic Experiencing. Hala is also a well-recognized speaker and trainer on yoga, social justice, and trauma. She has been doing clinical work and training for more than 15 years. The focus of her work is leading trauma-informed yoga training for individuals and groups. She trains educators and service providers on how to be trauma-informed and culturally responsive. If you want to connect with Hala, you may visit her website, Facebook, and Instagram. Enjoy the Podcast? If you felt radically loved from listening to this podcast, subscribe and share it with the people you love! Love to give us 5 stars? If you do, we'd love a review from you. Help us reach more people and make them feel loved. Do you want to help people in building resilience? Do you want to know how to find peace from anxiety? A simple way is to share what you've learned today on social media. Don't forget to follow and message us on these platforms! Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rosieacosta/ Twitter: https::twitter.com/rosieacosta Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/radicallylovedrosie TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@itsrosieacosta To feeling radically loved, Rosie
Did you know that only 40% of College Students graduate in 4 years? 60% graduate in 6 years. 60% change majors at least 3 times. In the US, the average cost of an instate public college is over $27000/year. A private college is $55,000/year. Extending time in college can be a costly choice. That is why Beth and Greg Langston feel that empowering students to master their self discovery is the best way to prepare them for college and the world beyond. By helping students to discover and define their values, purpose and strengths, they are better able to articulate where they want to go and the path they want to follow. Whether that is college or not. Beth and Greg Langston joined me on this episode to talk about the college process and the tools needed to succeed not only in post secondary, but throughout life. College Flight Plan Beth graduated from Purdue University in Education. She has helped hundreds of students navigate the college application essays with tremendous success. Greg graduated from the Purdue Krannert School of Business. Having led businesses in excess of $1 billion and worked in 65 countries, Greg has mentored hundreds of young professionals. Beth and Greg homeschooled their children off and on for numerous years. Their family lived overseas until their children were teens. They decided to relocate back to the US so that their kids could better prepare for College. The goal was to find more opportunities for self discovery, opportunities to clarify their values and define the goals that would prepare them for college or the path they were gifted to do. Unable to find what they were looking for, Beth and Greg decided to found College Flight Plan. Combining their experience and backgrounds, they have developed tools that provide a sense of clarity and confidence for students. The goal of College Flight Plan is to empower students to master their self discovery. In This Episode~College & Self Discovery In this episode we talk about preparing young people for adult life through the process of self discover. We explored the 5 fundamental questions of this process: What are my core values, and how do I use them? What are my strengths and weaknesses? What is my purpose in life? What are the college majors that best suit me? What are my five-year and one-year goals? I'd like to know, did you attend College or University and was it the right path for you? Do your children feel it is the right path for them? What has helped them to clarify their life ahead? If College is a path that your kids are looking towards but the cost is holding you back, check out my episode with Abby Chao~ CollegeBacker and Saving For College. Find out more about College Flight Plan ~ https://collegeflightplan.com/ To receive the free gift The Parents Starter Kit To Teen Self Discovery~ https://collegeflightplan.com/guide/ Reach out to Beth~ email@example.com Reach out to Greg- firstname.lastname@example.org See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Saké Barrel Divers The mariner brings a spirit of work and focus to any job. A fisherman brings faith. Together, these traits form a citizen of the oceans. In the middle chapters of world nautical history, specific characteristics from the tenacity of the Japanese fisherman/sailor have profoundly shaped the American mariner. Sailor's knowledge is transformative. Knowledge of techniques, sources of best practices, the intuition and faith, are guidelines to living on the ocean. Like flotsam and jetsam, what doesn't work on this tide might be the solution on the next. The American mariner at the turn of the century could be characterized as being in a period of transition. The Japanese fisherman had a thousand years of uninterrupted practice at fishing and sailing. Their fortitude and skill became the envy of the white population in Southern California during a time of Jim Crow. Anger and racism persist today among a few, but it is clear the heritage of the Japanese fisherman and sailor added a beneficial facet to the American marine character.Japanese fisherman sailed down the west coast of American past Point Conception and found the Channel Islands. The Japanese showed great courage and determination to build a new life based on ancient skills. Japanese on the Channel Islands began harvesting abalone at the turn of the century. The Channel Islands lay a few miles off Santa Barbara. Both Japanese and Chinese abalone competed fiercely for the abalone, a delicacy much loved in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo and China town. The railroad brought many Chinese and Japanese laborers to Southern California. However, the Japanese that made the mark were the sailors and fishermen. Japanese fishermen began diving for abalones, first as free divers from surface floats and later, more successfully, as hard-hat divers. They used old rice wine casks as floats to rest on after each dive. Taking a few deep breaths, they would dive to the bottom and return to the surface with their catch. They quickly earned the nickname of saké barrel divers because of their unusual technique. Abalone are snails with a large foot used for grasping a rock. They feed off the kelp and the organisms that live in and around the kelp. Often an urchin will attach itself to the heavy shell and offer camouflage. Once a diver spots an abalone, he swoops in and tries to lift it off the rock as quickly as possible. This can be done with some success. If the Abalone locks, it's meaty foot to the rock, a bar will be needed to pry the foot off the rock. It is not a simple task, especially free diving. In 1900, county ordinances were passed that made it illegal to gather abalones from less than twenty feet of water. These regulations were racially motivated. The regulations completely halted Chinese commercial abalone operations. Undaunted by the new regulations, the Japanese dominated the collecting of the abalone in a short time. “Avalon. Catalina is up in arms. She has been invaded by Japan. A lot of little brown men, with a small sloop, appeared at Empire a few days since, and are preceding to skin the rocks of the abalones. These Japs are divers. They wear goggles with which they locate the abalone as they swim along the surface, and making a spring, they emulate the ‘hell diver' and disappear to wrench the inoffensive shellfish from its hold on the rock by a quick thrust of an iron bar. Practice has made these men able to remain underwater an inconceivable length of time, and they seem to be as much at home in and under the water as the shag...” LA Times. April 21, 1903. Soon the albacore was over fished. One of the last remaining drying camps was White Point. The Japanese were routed by police and forced to leave. Unable to dive for albacore, the fisherman took up residence on Terminal Island in Los Angeles harbor. Shifting gears, the Japanese fisherman took to purse seine fishing for tuna. Japanese fishermen built small rowboats to explore the San Pedro Bay for tuna and used 6-foot poles for their catch. By 1907, the Japanese fishing village of Fish Harbor was established with its first houses built on pilings along the shore of the main channel. Within a few years, the Japanese population on Terminal Island had increased to 600. The tight-knit community, living in isolation, developed their own blend of Japanese and English, referred to as “kii-shu ben”, a dialect from the Kii district in Wakayama, the township where many had immigrated. While small motorboats increased the distance traveled for their catch, Japanese immigrants devised an unprecedented fishing technique. They would send an advance boat to scout for schools of albacore tuna and catch the anchovies and sardines the tuna followed for live bait. Then, a fishing vessel with a team of fishermen would release the bait and spear the tuna using short bamboo poles with hooks while standing on the steel walkways near the hulls and toss them on to the deck of the boat. Because of local fishermen's high yield of tuna, several fish canneries opened on Terminal Island. Their success was met with anger and violence. The Los Angeles Herald reported August 4, 1920: “Fishermen battle. Vessel blown up. San Diego, August 4. — The police today expressed the belief that ill feeling among the Japanese an Italian and Austrian fishermen operating off the Southern California coast, has led to a sea battle in which the Japanese fishingschooner Yomato was blown up or sunk and her entire crew slain. Bits of wreckage fromthe Yomato were found today. Recently, four bodies were washed ashore. How many lives were lost is unknown?” August 7, 1920 [LAH]: “Hunt Austrians as Jap boat wrecks. Nets on Japanese fishing craft were tucked in lockers today and the smacks themselves idled back and forth in zig-zag courses over the fishing lanes while the expressionless faces of their owners searched the sea for a sight of certain Austrian boats, wanted in connection with the sinking of the Jap boat Itzumato. Government patrol boats are plying overfishing banks in Southern California waters on the same mission, trying to find the craft and its crew believed to be responsible for the ramming of the Itzumato and the probable murder of its crew. Working to end the feud prevailing for weeks between Japanese and Austrian fishermen, Fish and Game Warden Paul Anderson, on board the patrol boat Albacore, came on the wrecked Itzumato off Catalina Island last night. Coincident with the report of the finding of the Itzumato, it was reported in San Diego by American fishermen that the crew of a wrecked Japanese boat had been picked up by an Italian fishing craft. Word of the Phrone Rose, an Austrian boat, has not been received for the past 10 days and authorities are now confident that this boat has met the same fate as the other, being sunk with her crew on board. The fishing boat Wanderer of San Pedro, abandoned by her crew because of a broken propeller shaft, is now believed to be a derelict at sea, according to the latest reports. With the finding of the wrecked Itzumato, four boats are now missing in Southern California waters, only one of which has been fully accounted for. Besides the Wanderer and Phrone Rose, a Japanese boat named Yamato disappeared last month and is believed to have been swallowed up by the sea and hew crew murdered in the Jap-Austrian warfare.” The Japanese were in the right in these conflicts. The Austrians and Italians were poaching the fishing grounds. No matter the right, being white won the day. No one was ever prosecuted for the murders. The warfare eventually dissipated with the loss of fishing stocks. The incidents were closely watched by the local fisherman. For Los Angeles locals, these reports were sensational news. Testimonies of the times:“My father's name is Tomekichi Takeuchi. The Japanese came from Shima-gun, Mieken, Japan. He landed in San Francisco in 1902, at twenty-two years old. He worked as a cook in a restaurant for a couple of years. Heard him mention how he threw a pie at a customer and got fired. He moved to Los Angeles, Little Tokyo, and got a job as a private chauffeur driver, off and on. Meantime, he moved to Terminal Island, called his wife from Japan. He and his friend, Mr. Heizaburo Hamaguchi, leased a fishing boat called Amazon from French Cannery. They carried, including them, thirteen crew members. They fished from near the lighthouse, to the north and much later toward Mexico.” Kimiye Okuno Takeuchi Ariga. “Fish Harbor on Terminal Island was on the southwestern part of the island and comprised a fishing fleet, canneries, and 5,000 Japanese men, women, and children. The adults were the first generation Issei from Japan, and their children who were born in America are the Nisei like me. The fishermen working out of Fish Harbor visited the local waters of Catalina, Santa Barbara, and San Diego to catch sardines, mackerel, skipjack, and tuna throughout the year. My father was captain of a small fishing boat and had several men working for him. My mother worked in the fish cannery, of which they were part owners. Each cannery had a very loud whistle, which was sounded when a ship came into the harbor with a catch, signaling that it was time to go to work. Most of the ladies knew what cannery was calling for work by its distinctive whistle. I recall hearing the loud whistles from the various canneries being blown one after another. This meant that many ships had come back full of fish. My mother, like all the ladies, always had her work clothes ready, because there was no definite schedule when the ships would come in. Most of the ships did not have a radio or other communications equipment. Upon hearing the whistle, my mother would drop whatever she was doing, change clothes and run to work, along with many others in the neighborhood. Four of the largest canneries were French Sardine, Van Camp, Franco-Italian and Southern California.” Frank Koo Endo. By the 1930s, the Japanese community had increased to 2,000, with most of the men employed as fishermen and the women working in the canneries.In 1935, following the depression, 6,000 people were directly employed in the fishing industry. Its payroll was the largest in San Pedro, approximately three-quarters of a million dollars per month. The industry was at its peak during World War II. During the fifties, sardines, and mackerel gradually diminished, causing the decline of the industry in San Pedro.There is no better example of the determination, work ethic and skill of the Japanese fisherman. They were directly responsible for creating the fishing industry that employed 6,000 American workers despite the sickness that was Jim Crow. At its height in 1942, the Nikkei population had grown to 3,000, just prior to its abrupt demise following the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Internment “On December 7, 1942, I was in the twelfth grade. My father was still working the rice business in Japan, and soon I was going to graduate with the class of summer 1942. I heard on the radio that morning that Pearl Harbor had been attacked by the Japanese. I really didn't know where Pearl Harbor was but was shocked by the news. I wondered if this would have any effect on me. Early that afternoon, I went to see a movie in San Pedro. I boarded the ferryboat that I took daily to school. Upon docking in San Pedro, I was taken into custody, along with other Japanese Americans, by armed soldiers. We were put into a temporary barbed wire enclosure. I told them I was an American citizen, but they stated they had orders to stop all Japanese. After being detained a couple of hours, we were told to return to the island.” Frank Koo Endo. On February 19, 1942, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, ultimately sending 120,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps. Within two days, Terminal Island residents were told they had 48 hours to prepare for relocation. Former Terminal Islanders recall with great sadness giving up almost everything they owned, including business their families had built up for generations. Interning Japanese Americans was done out of fear and ignorance. It was illegal. The Japanese sailors had made their mark on the American mariner. offshoreexplorer.org
Are you constantly fidgeting? Unable to finish tasks? Do you interrupt conversations, or act without thinking? This week on Difficult Women, writer/comedian and Katy and Marie's old pal, Emily Fleming, joins to discuss the commonly misdiagnosed mental health condition, ADHD. Follow Emily Fleming on Instagram @emfleming and @Flemilyeming on TikTok and Twitter. And be sure to catch her acting and writing skillz on Good Mythical Morning on YouTube! Check out the new website! https://www.difficultwomenpodcast.com Email K & M questions, comments, and uplifting stories to email@example.com Subscribe to their Patreon for as little as $1 and get exclusive top-notch whoretastic comedy content including new videos, new songs, new merch, and more! https://www.patreon.com/reformedwhores Follow @difficultwomenpod on Instagram and join the "difficult women" community.
In this episode of the podcast, Morgan and Alec are a bit all over the place. They talk about the Met Gala, the VMA's, fighting tigers, and more. Hope you enjoy :) Social Media instagram - https://instagram.com/reel.dudes/ Tiktok - https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMeVjNbKC/ Spotify - https://open.spotify.com/show/1MKiZoxoKfe7KXKK0nPXIE?si=cVhI6NjFRPmdC4Tx5AE_wA&dl_branch=1 apple podcast - https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/reel-dudes-radio/id1543104237 For business inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org
An ordinary and unlikely person receives an extraordinary invitation that changes the course of their life forever. Unable to keep this news to themselves, an enormous party is thrown and all their friends are invited. As they feast together, a staggering truth is revealed with implications reaching far beyond the people in that room.
Tap Dancer and 2021 National Heritage Fellow Reginald “Reggio the Hoofer” McLaughlin has been motivated by one thing his entire life: his love of tap-dancing. He walked away from a successful R&B career as a bassist to pursue his unlikely dream of making it as a dancer. Born and bred in Chicago, he turned to mentors like Jimmy Payne to teach him the foundations of tap dance which only affirmed his passion for dance. Unable to find a job as a tap dancer, he went down to Chicago's subways and danced there—learning along the way how to connect to an audience. He was approached by Urban Gateways—a non-profit that brings the arts to underserved children-- and began performing in classrooms. But McLaughlin wasn't only dancing, he was also teaching the students the history of tap and its social and cultural context. Given his talent, personality, and dedication, Reggio McLaughlin was a natural performer and teacher. He teamed up with the legendry tap-dancer Ernest “Brownie” Brown and the two of them performed together for almost two decades. About 27 years ago, McLaughlin began teaching tap at the [oldtownschool.org]Old Town School of Folk Music where he remains an in-demand teacher. And he's traveled around the world participating in Old Town's International Program demonstrating tap and collaborating with dancers from many cultures. Reggio is a great story-teller, and in this podcast we talk about Chicago, his career as an R&B bassist, his love of tap as an American art form, choreographing his Christmas classic “The Nut Tapper,” and dancing-- in the subways, in the classrooms, around the world, and with Ernest Brown. His enthusiasm and easy laughter are contagious!
The real hoopers know just how special this one is. However, not all know just how incredible his journey in basketball, life and transformation is. We are blessed to have Jelani Gardner join us for a conversation that will move and motivate you in whole different way than what you're used to on this podcast. Jelani Gardner grew up in the Los Angeles area in an incredible era for high school hoops. The 6'6'' guard from St John Bosco High School dazzled packed gyms with the smooth handles, no-look passes, jaw-dropping dunks, and undeniable passion, love and desire for the game. After working his way to being the number one ranked player in California, Gardner was selected to the McDonald's All-American game and played at both Cal and Pepperdine. You may have wondered why Gardner was not in the NBA. The average person would look at Gardner and see a physical speciman who seems perfectly fit and healthy to be an NBA star. Gardner was diagnosed with a kidney disease during his college career, playing through this whole college and pro career with his kidneys working at 40 percent. Unable to pass an NBA physical, he still managed to have an incredible career playing overseas even after a kidney transplant. The desire and will it took on day to day basis is one of the most incredible feats we have ever heard on this podcast and we know you will have a whole new respect for Gardner, his game, his desire and overall view on life. His commitment to the game, his faith, his family and giving back to the youth speaks volumes of the person he is today.Kind of like watching Jelani throwing over-the-head passes or skying high for a dunk on a fastbreak on the court, this is one of those episodes where you just shake your head in disbelief. He is without a doubt a fighter and true warrior both on and off the court. This won't be the last time you hear about Gardner as his kids have serious game too! Keep an eye out for the Gardner brothers. They have some incredible guidance from their pops so we have a feeling that you're all in for a treat!Thank you Jelani Gardner!Support JAG Basketball at https://jagbasketball.comYou can find this episode on Apple, Spotify or any source for podcasts.Follow us on social media!Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/notin.myhouse.79Instagram- @Not_in_my_house_podcastTwitter - @NOTINMYHOUSEpc
The episode you've all been waiting for. Unable to resist the prospect of discussing Ray Romano's sole (?) appearance in full Confederate regalia, former host Kevin returns to join Matt and Tim in their deconstruction of the 13th and 14th episodes of Everybody Loves Raymond's second season. Of course, by "deconstruction," we mean "multiple extended riffs on The Olive Garden" and an absolutely unforgivable amount of Italianese gibberish. Show a little respect to three wounded veterans of the Barone Civil War.
In this keynote Panel Marie, Daniel and John discuss the common challenges leaders face along with the controversial "fake it until you make it quote" that set facebook on fire. We give solutions to the biggest and messiest problems that Leaders can face as either a mid level or entry level Leader. Find out more about our amazing courses and podcast at kuinuacoaching.com or follow us on facebook and instagram! See you over there! ____________________________________ Daniel has interviewed 220 successful leaders from 37 countries in 6 continents, and identified 30 principles of successful leaders, and is writing the First Time Leadership book. Today we discuss how new leaders can be supported to transition into leadership positions faster and more successfully. Daniel was an aspiring leader responsible for a USD5 million training budget in 2015. Despite that apparent success, one day he was told by his manager to 'show more leadership'. Unable to show what he did not know, he went on to interview 220 successful leaders from 37 countries in 6 continents, and identified 30 principles of successful leaders, and is writing the First Time Leadership book. Daniel has a Double Master Degree in Human Resources and Industrial Relations from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. He is married and has a young family, and was a former police officer who patrolled the streets of Singapore. Youtube Link to this Interview. https://youtu.be/Exb_NmxWqx8 You can find Daniel at: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/daniel.lee.5602 Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/danielleews/ Youtube: https://bit.ly/3jSVNey _____________________________________ John W. Robinson is the founder of Boldly.Work and JW Robinson Inc. His proprietary B.O.L.D. method activates the power of alter egos to help entrepreneurs and business leaders conquer behavioral and belief obstacles to their success at work and in life. John believes in helping people get out of their own way so they can build a more meaningful world around us. Believe it or not, he also hopes you only work with him on two or three issues over time. His goal isn't to establish a dependent client as an ongoing revenue source. He expects you to learn what he teaches and then use it on your own. John invested 20 years in high-level acting and theater performance, which he now leverages to connect with audiences and business leaders around the world. He's previously spoken at several corporations, clubs, workshops, and ongoing seminars, including Girl Scout troops, if you can imagine! John's clients include C-suite executives, highly-successful entrepreneurs, TEDx speakers, and nonprofit leaders. When he isn't busy helping leaders develop their super potential, John loves spending time with his wife, Jackie, and their two amazing daughters. John is giving a free workbook to our audience members at boldly.work/kuinua Facebook: JWRobinson01 – Facebook Page: @boldly.work Facebook Group: /groups/boldlywork (private group) Instagram: jwrobinson_1; boldlywork; jwrobinsoninc LinkedIn: jwrobinson1 Twitter: jwrobinson1; jwrobinsoninc _________________________________ https://swaleadership.org/ https://dl.bookfunnel.com/icwfd75wx8 https://www.linkedin.com/in/zachary-paul-hoffman-7a523884/ @zachoff12 (insta) @swaleadership (facebook) --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/marieoldfield/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/marieoldfield/support
CEO Total Wealth Academy, LLCReal Estate Coaches and Consultants.Host of the Get Total Wealth Dot Com radio show heard 7 days a week across the US.After receiving a Navy ROTC scholarship to Texas A&M and serving in the Marines, Steve quit college to run a hamburger delivery business with a friend. Unable to meet their financial goals after 2 years, they quit and went into corporate America. After 4 years he found that nothing about having a job would ever get him to his family and financial goals. So, at age 27, with bad credit and no money, Steve quit corporate America and started investing in real estate. He was eventually invested in over 4000 apartment units. For the last 30 years, he has helped teach and coach tens of thousands of Americans on how to use real estate to build wealth and passive income while focusing on maintaining a balanced life. He did this through his daily radio show and one-on-one mentoring. He now owns his own mentoring and consulting business, Total Wealth Academy (www.gettotalwealth.com) where he consults full time. He has been married for over 34 years to Josie and has two outstanding children who work with him as coaches at Total Wealth Academy.http://www.gettotalwealth.com/stephenpoolerSource: https://businessinnovatorsradio.com/ceo-total-wealth-academy-steve-davis-mark-stephen-pooler
SMA News Today's multimedia associate, Price Wooldridge, discusses how some Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) patients unable to walk unassisted may have trouble chewing. And to close out SMA Awareness Month, DeAnn Runge shares the final few stories from the 31 Days of SMA campaign. She goes on to remind everyone that just because the month is over it doesn't mean SMA goes away. Continue sharing stories and advocating to make the world a better place. Are you interested in learning more about spinal muscular atrophy? If so, please visit https://smanewstoday.com/
Our lives can become governed by routines. So much so that little changes—like a detour on the way to work, or an unexpected phone call—can have unimaginable consequences. Maria Striemer, RN, BA, was in the emergency department when she treated a child accidentally left in a car from heat exhaustion. Unable to leave the experience behind, Maria began a journey that was anything but routine. She and her engineer husband worked to develop Backseet Buddy, a sensor that uses a Bluetooth connected app to detect when a phone has moved more than 50 meters from a car seat and sends a phone alert. Along the way, she contended with negative feedback, setbacks, and a global pandemic that put Backseet Buddy on-hold. This inspired an awareness campaign, and an entirely new product that protects the ears of frontline workers forced to wear masks for extended periods of time. In this Moment of Awareness, Maria's experience developing the Backseet Buddy is emblematic of her nursing career: using collaboration to build, often from the bottom up, novel ways to keep people safe. Email us at email@example.com. For additional resources, visit our website at www.seeyounowpodcast.com.
Sofie Eckrich's stories and experiences are what you need to look at entrepreneurship from a holistic point of view. In order to start an international business, she didn't need an undergraduate business degree, nor an MBA, nor any rich investors to believe in her. She decided to became a business woman through her interests and life experiences. Her bi-cultural upbringing and her travels to Latin America had a major influence on her. Being exposed constantly to her Mexican roots and her travels expanded her mind and her world view. She saw opportunities where others didn't or where there was a lack of means to take those opportunities to the next level. Most importantly, she witnessed the arts and crafts scene. Sofie's natural passion and love for the arts and crafts made her have an appreciation for it that average tourist visitor didn't have. All of this was stored into Sofie's consciousness and unconsciousness until it was the perfect time to blossom. After college, Sofie knew she wanted to go work in Latin America—her ties to the region kept pulling her back to that side of the world. Unable to find anything that she was specifically looking for, her impatience persuaded her to create her own path. She started to put together her interests: her love for arts and crafts; having an impact; providing opportunities for people; and of course, her love for the region of Latin America. After reflecting, the answer was obvious: to create an ethical fashion brand that works with artisans in Latin America to bring modern and traditional designs to customers worldwide. Teysha was the name of her new international business and her new home for the next 7 years would be Pastores, Guatemala. Sofie honestly admits she had “No training, zero finance experience, and zero business classes.” This statement and her creation of Teysha doesn't downplay that starting a business is easy. What it does convey is that entrepreneurship is a journey we can all take if we dare. All we have to do is just take the first step. Thank you for listening. If you like what the podcast has to offer, please subscribe to the podcast and rate and review wherever you get your podcasts: Apple Podcasts Libsyn Spotify Stitcher Google Play Music
In this week's episode Robbie talks to student upholsterer Debbie Cave. From being a teenager, Debbie always had a passion for crafting, initially wanting a career in cabinet making. Unable to study the relevant course to enable her to pursue her dream, she ended up having a ten year career with NatWest and gaining a degree in Psychology and Counselling. Tune in to discover how a chance find on Amazon's bookshelves led to Debbie finding Alex Law's course and beginning her journey in to upholstery, and why she thinks you shouldn't let anything hold you back from giving things a go!
Unable to join us in person today? Catch this year's Legacy Sunday message! Pastor Dustin is wrapping up out Built to Last series this week showing us the importance of saying no to the distractions going on around us and focusing in on the work God has called us to!
Join our community of Go(o)d Friends to deep dive into today's practice with me!CROWN CHECK. Breathe. Smile. Love's got you. Welcome back to your Self. God is pretending to be the world, but It's still only God. Remember this while interacting with seeming others... It's all YOU. So soften... be gentle. It's all Go(o)d. Only Love is Here and It's rearranging everything. Relax into It. "Unable to perceive the shape of you i find you all around meyour presence fills my eyes with your LoveIt humbles my heart for you are everywhere."- Hakim Sanai "The way to Youlies clearly in my heartand cannot be seen or known to the mind.As my words turn to silence,Your sweetness surrounds me."- Hakim Sanai "Filling Up My Eyes" Lyrics You're filling up my eyesFilling up my eyesNo form with which to hide youNow everywhere I findYou say, “Live just like the sky”I live like I was blindNow everywhere I find youNow everywhere I find youFilling up my eyesI'm hereEverything is changingbut I am hereI'm hereI see it rearrangingEndless is your loveYour love is lifeYour love is lifeLife can't dieLife can never dieEndlessly am INo place for me to hide, LordMy presence is my lifeAs constant as the skyI choicelessly abideFor this I cry, LordI am aliveI am alive.-Mooji Mala, Filling Up My Eyes
Abi takes on the topic of demonology this week discussing the seven archdemons paired with each of the seven deadly sins. They discuss the history behind why 666 is considered evil which turns out to have a shocking twist. Abi then reads out bizarre instances where cursed objects negatively affected those who came to possess them. Of course, there's a pop culture moment where the women discuss celebrity gossip. Head's up, the episode ends on a pretty low note. Unable to appropriately fit in thoughts on what's going on in Afghanistan, concerns are briefly expressed followed by an in-detail telling of Daniela's recent nightmare. And, with heavy hearts, a loss of a friend and listener is announced.
Do you have a child that is more—more loud, more energetic, more argumentative, more everything? Intense children can be harder to raise, but their intensity is a gift as well as a parenting challenge. We talk with Howard Glasser, creator of the Nurtured Heart Approach to parenting. He is the author of Transforming the Difficult Child and Transforming the Intense Child Workbook.In this episode, we cover:What do you consider to be an intense child? My child was “more”—more loud, more energy—their reaction to most things was simply more. They go from 5 mph to 60mph in about a second. What are the labels and diagnoses that intense children often accumulate? ADHD, ODD (Oppositional Defiance Disorder), conduct disorder, PTSD, anxiety disorder, depression.What makes some kids more “intense” than others? What do you mean by energy-challenged kids? Unable to handle or effectively control their physical, cognitive or emotional energy. They have a disorder of self-control. They have more energy than they have self-control.Energy is a gift as well as a challenge.You mention in Transforming the Difficult Child that many intense or difficult kids love video games—more so than the average child. I've noticed this too. Why? Structure-while I think all children need structure, the high intensity child really needs structure. Positive forms of structure vs. negative forms of structureTraditional parenting techniques did not work well for my intense little wonder. Your approach to raising an intense child is based on your Nurturing Heart Approach as outlined in your book, Transforming the Difficult Child and Transforming the Intense Child Workbook. What are the basic principles of this approach to parenting? The 3 strands.Strand 1: Refuse to energize the negative. What are some of the challenges parents face when applying this? What are some common ways we might accidentally energize the negative?Strand 2: Energize the positive. active recognition, experiential recognition, proactive recognition, creative recognition.Is there a problem with too much praise?Strand 3: Absolute clarity on limits and consequences. How to set limits?Intensity is not something that a person outgrows.This podcast is produced by www.CreatingaFamily.org. We are a national non-profit with the mission to strengthen and inspire adoptive, foster & kinship parents and the professionals who support them. Creating a Family brings you the following trauma-informed, expert-based content:Weekly podcastsWeekly articles/blog postsResource pages on all aspects of family buildingPlease leave us a rating or review RateThisPodcast.com/creatingafamilySupport the show (https://creatingafamily.org/donation/)
Dr. Janice Iannucci is a Nurse Practitioner and lifelong resident of tick endemic Long Island, New York. Dr. Iannucci studied and earned her nursing degrees, LPN, RN, NP, and Doctorate from the top universities located on Long Island, while working in hospital systems in the region. As Dr. Iannucci was climbing to the educational pinnacle of her profession, she felt but could not see “something on the back of her leg while she was driving” that resulted in a rash and chronic “flu-like syndrome that would put [her] down for months.” Unable to self-diagnose, she began to share her puzzling symptoms with hospital colleagues who were also unable to help her locate a diagnosis. Desperate for a diagnosis, Dr. Iannucci became a patient and visited over 10 doctors in search of a diagnosis where she was misdiagnosed with MS and depression. Finally, she visited the famous LLMD, Dr. Raxlen, where she tested positive for Lyme disease on an IGeneX lab test. The failure of her own education and training, the education and training of her hospital colleagues, and the education of her 10 medical doctors reset the concentration of Dr. Iannucci's doctorial education. Additionally, the challenges she faced on her healing journey caused her to study traditional eastern herbal tools to supplement the tools she had utilized during her career. If you would like to learn how Lyme disease changed the educational and career paths of a western-educated Doctor of Nurse Practitioner, then tune in now!
Let's travel the world with Mandrake the Magician and his faithful sidekick Lothar in this week's Major Spoilers Podcast! We talk Ironheart, and Zombicide, and we review Spider-Man: Life Story Annual #1 from Marvel Comics, The Blue Flame from Vault Comics, and discuss the latest episode of Titans on HBOMax. Show your thanks to Major Spoilers for this episode by becoming a Major Spoilers Patron at http://patreon.com/MajorSpoilers. It will help ensure the Major Spoilers Podcast continues far into the future! Join our Discord server and chat with fellow Spoilerites! (https://discord.gg/jWF9BbF) NEWS https://variety.com/2021/film/news/ironheart-black-panther-wakanda-forever-1235045088/ https://variety.com/2021/tv/news/armor-wars-disney-plus-series-don-cheadle-yassir-lester-head-writer-1235045820/ https://icv2.com/articles/news/view/49070/asmodee-will-release-zombicide-chronicles-the-roleplaying-game REVIEWS STEPHEN SPIDER-MAN: LIFE STORY ANNUAL #1 Writer: Chip Zdarsky Artist: Mark Bagley Publisher: Marvel Comics Release Date: August 25, 2021 SPIDER-MAN. He's a threat. He's a menace. And J. JONAH JAMESON will do whatever it takes to make the world see it! But in this companion piece to last year's hit miniseries SPIDER-MAN: LIFE STORY, will the decades of his obsession bear fruit for Jonah...or be his destruction? [rating:4.5/5] You can purchase this issue via the comiXology affiliate link (comixology.sjv.io/vnZP3W) MATTHEW THE BLUE FLAME #4 Writer: Christopher Cantwell Artist: Kurt Michael Russell Publisher: Vault Comics Cover Price: $3.99 Release Date: August 25, 2021 Sam spirals deeper into darkness while the Blue Flame chooses to finally face the tragedy of his life on Earth. It remains to be seen if either of them will ever recover, and if they can still be heroes. As they grapple with their identities, Sam searches his soul and seeks relief in the arms of someone who may in fact be an adversary, while the Flame finds an ally in someone he thought was working against him. [rating:3.5/5] You can purchase this issue via the comiXology affiliate link (comixology.sjv.io/LPZZjL) ASHLEY TITANS S3E04 Writer: Stephanie Coggins Starring: Brendan Thwaites, Anna Diop, Curran Walters Streaming Service: HBO Max Release Date: August 19, 2021 In the aftermath of Hank's death, Dawn leaves the Titans. Crane is removed from Arkham after Jason orders his assassination, but Dick abducts him during his transfer to a new prison. Taking Crane to the cabin where he trained, Dick reveals that he knows Crane manipulated Jason into becoming Red Hood. Dick, recognizing that Jason will attempt to rescue Crane, lures him to the cabin for a confrontation. A fight ensues that ends with Jason and Crane's escape. Meanwhile, Kory's visions lead Gar and her to a government facility holding Blackfire in custody. Unable to abandon her sister, Kory frees Blackfire, who accompanies her back to Wayne Manor. [rating: 4/5] DISCUSSION MANDRAKE THE MAGICIAN: THE HIDDEN KINGDOM MURDERERS Writer: Lee Falk Artist: Phil Davis Publisher: Titan Comics Release Date: January 1, 2012 Mandrake is a master of hypnosis, whose ability causes his opponents to encounter wild illusions, giving the heroes the upper hand in a fight. His enemies cover a broad spectrum, including gangsters, mad scientists, alien creatures, and characters from other adventures. His greatest ally is Lothar, "Prince of the Seven Nations" who gave up his crown to join Mandrake in his globe-trotting adventures. They are accompanied by the beautiful Narda, princess of a European nation and Mandrake's romantic interest. CLOSE Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org Call the Major Spoilers Hotline at (785) 727-1939. A big Thank You goes out to everyone who downloads, subscribes, listens, and supports this show. We really appreciate you taking the time to listen to our ramblings each week. Tell your friends!
As the drummer for the Canadian rock band Bonds of Mara and the cult cartoon and band, Sons of Butcher, Daryl Ralph is a musician. Born and raised in Hamilton, Ontario. Daryl had early aspirations of being a rockstar. At the age of 19, he moved out west, settling in White Rock, Kelowna and Vancouver, BC. The intent was for Daryl to embed his roots in his music career, but instead became heavily rooted in addiction. Unable to support himself and his addiction, Daryl returned to Ontario where this hardened lifestyle continued for over a decade and a half. Alcohol and intravenous drug use completely dominated his life, overshadowing any possibility of music success. This consumed all hopes of healthy lasting relationships and robbed him of all quality of life. At the age of 35, Daryl finally realized he needed help. Following several failed attempts at sobriety, Daryl finally found his way along a path towards health and recovery. Today, in addition to Bonds of Mara and Sons of Butcher, Daryl also plays guitar alongside his wife Jenny, in an acoustic duo playing the local circuit. You can hear Bonds of Mara, Sons of Butcher, and Jenny Howes Duo on all streaming platforms.Episode ResourcesThe Wisdom of Trauma Film| thewisdomoftrauma.comHappiness Now! Book | Available on AmazonConnect with Daryl RalphWebsite | darylralphrecovery.com Instagram | @darylralphdrums_recoverySpotify | Bonds of Mara & Jenny Howes DuoConnect The Courage to ChangePodcast Website | lionrock.life/couragetochangepodcastPodcast Instagram | @couragetochange_podcastPodcast Facebook | @thecouragetochangepodcastPodcast Email | email@example.comLionrock ResourcesCoffee & Coffee Alternatives | lionrock.life/shop-productsSupport Group Meeting Schedule | lionrock.life/meetings
Of all the rulers of the Ilkhanate, perhaps none matched the might or the glory of Ghazan. Of a prestigious lineage: son of Arghun Ilkhan, grandson of Abaqa Ilkhan, great-grandson of Hulegu Ilkhan, great-great-grandson of Tolui and great-great-great-grandson of Chinggis Khan, Ghazan ruled with the self-assured confidence of a proud Chinggisid, who at the same time was veiled in an Islamic legitimacy. For Ghazan, while not the first Muslim monarch of the Ilkhanate, was the one who permanently islamicized the khanate. The Ilkhanate after Ghazan was a very different entity from the time before him, and the course of this we will examine in today's episode. I'm your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. Ghazan did not come to the throne peacefully. As we covered in our last episode on the Ilkhanate, since the reign of his father Arghun Ghazan had been the top commander on the Ilkhanate's eastern border, defending against Chagatais, Neguderis and the rebelling general Nawruz. Though Ghazan was not happy with his uncle Geikhatu's election as Il-Khan in 1291, he accepted it. Geikhatu was murdered in early 1295 and an invitation soon came to Ghazan for the throne, he happily accepted. But when a cousin, Baidu, was hurriedly elected by a group of rambunctious princes led by Taghachar Noyan, Ghazan was furious. The result was skirmishing and near full out civil war only narrowly averted. In the end, on the urging of his former foe Nawruz, Ghazan converted to Islam, rallied his forces and stole away Baidu's supporters. On Ghazan's order, Baidu was executed, and Ghazan was finally elected as Il-Khan in autumn 1295; taking the title of Sultan Mahmad, as well as padishah-i islam, Emperor of Islam. Twenty-four years old when he stepped onto the throne, Ghazan was already an individual who had made himself known for his military ability and defence of the Ilkhanate's eastern border. Having brought about the submission of the former rebel Nawruz Noyan, Ghazan had made Nawruz his number two man. A staunch and loyal supporter of Ghazan, especially once he had convinced the young prince to convert to Islam, Nawruz became Ghazan's na'ib, viceroy, and acted a sword and shield for Ghazan… as long as Ghazan did as he wished. It seems that at the start of his reign, Ghazan struggled to control Nawruz, and on Nawruz's urging, Ghazan's first decree had been to order the destruction of Christian, Jewish and Buddhist places of worship in Islamic cities in the Ilkhanate, especially in Tabriz and Baghdad, the empire's chief cities. While Ghazan, as a new convert to Islam, may have sought to establish his credentials as a good Muslim monarch, Nawruz seems to have been the more zealous of the two and behind this pogrom. Once Ghazan reached Tabriz in October 1295 and was officially enthroned the following November, his first orders of business were to set out allotments, who would govern where, who was rewarded for their loyalty, and other enthronement celebrations. One of his bodyguard commanders, Mulai, was made the governor of Diyarbakir, and in a decidedly un-islamic ceremony, Ghazan married one of his father's widows, Bulughan Khatun. Already it was clear that Ghazan's conversion to Islam and lofty islamic titles had not replaced his Mongolian identity; while such a marriage, called levirate, was not just encouraged but expected among Mongols, particularly their monarchs, this sort of marriage was expressly forbidden in islam. Ghazan's servants sought to justify it based on the fact that Ghazan's father Arghun had not been a Muslim, and hence the marriage never truly legal. Whether this convinced anyone is debatable, but none could tell Ghazan “no.” But in what was to be a common trend in Ghazan's reign, punishment was also to be violently meted out once celebrations were done. Ghazan had seen the noyans who had proven themselves duplicitous over the previous reigns, jumping from candidate to candidate as fortunes change. Ghazan would have none of it. The noyan Qunchuqbal was put on trial and executed. Qunchuqbal's comrade, Taghachar Noyan, who had betrayed every Il-Khan since Teguder Ahmad, was too powerful with too many friends to be so summarily executed, so he was instead “rewarded” with a cushy appointment in Anatolia, where he was quietly murdered. The murder of Taghachar angered one of his friends, the governor of Anatolia named Baltu Noyan. Baltu rebelled at the start of 1296, and Ghazan responded with a large army led by his loyal commander and brother-in-law, Qutlughshah Noyan. It took until the winter of 1296 for Qutlughshah's forces to defeat and kill Baltu. This was not the only plot Ghazan faced. In the winter of 1295 forces from the Chagatai Khanate attacked Khurasan and Mazandaran. Ghazan sent Nawruz Noyan and two princes, Sögä and Barula, to repulse them, but the princes soon began to plot against Ghazan. Once learning of their plots, Ghazan ordered Nawruz to turn back and kill them. Another Chinggisid prince, a descendant of Chinggis Khan's brother Qasar named Arslan, also revolted and was quickly put down. By the end of 1296, Ghazan had faced rebellion from five imperial princes, who were all killed on his order. By the end of his reign, at least seven Chinggisid princes, 31 noyans and 10 high ranking Persian officials perished by the will of Ghazan. One of the most significant was the former vizier, Jamal al-Din Dastjirdani, who was executed in October 1296 on Ghazan's order, after a trial which would ultimately bring down Nawruz as well. Dastjirdani's great rival was Sadr' al-Din Zanjani, who has popped up repeatedly over our previous episodes, usually seeking the vizierate and generally causing trouble. Having been vizier under Geikhatu Il-Khan, he had lost the position under Geikhatu's successor Baidu, who gave it to Zanjani's rival Jamal al-Din Dastjirdani. During Ghazan's final march on Baidu, Zanjani was one of the first to abandon Baidu for Ghazan, and was rewarded with the position of vizier. However, Ghazan found himself displeased with his viziers; Zanjani was removed after a few months, replaced with Sharaf al-Din Simnani, who was in turn replaced in September 1296 by Zanjani's old foe, Dastjirdani. Dastjirdani was a close ally to Nawruz, and to reclaim the position of vizier Zanjani would need to take down both men. First, he whispered in Ghazan's ear of Dastjirdani's corruption, that he had been embezzling a huge quantity of funds from the treasury. Ghazan quickly had Dastjirdani put on trial and executed, after only a month as vizier. Zanjani was given the position for the third time, and quickly looked to undermine Nawruz. His timing was good, as Nawruz's standing with Ghazan had already fallen. Once Ghazan had sent Nawruz east to push the Chagatais out of Khurasan, Ghazan rescinded the most extreme prosecutions against Christians and Jews, who could reconstruct their churches and synagogues. In fact, Ghazan would punish Muslims who led assaults on Christian and Jewish buildings later in his reign. The same privilege was not extended to Buddhists, who permanently lost their standing in the Ilkhanate and Iran. They were given the choice of conversion, or of leaving the Ilkhanate. Once victory was achieved over the Chagatais, Nawruz returned to Tabriz to visit his very sick wife. As he journeyed west, some of the troops Nawruz left in Khurasan revolted, pillaged territory and joined the Chagatais. Ghazan was furious, insulted Nawruz and ordered him back to his post. Nawruz cooly replied that he would, once he had visited his ill wife. Ghazan's now poor disposition to Nawruz was taken advantage of by his new vizier, Zanjani. When a clerk in service of a Baghdadi merchant who travelled often to Mamluk Egypt was arrested in March 1297, Zanjani struck. Zanjani and his brother fabricated letters from Nawruz to the Mamluk Sultans, which depicted Nawruz as a man conspiring with them. Planting the letter into the clerk's belongings, they watched and waited. When Ghazan personally interrogated the clerk, he swore his innocence and made no mention of the letters. But when Ghazan searched the man's possessions and found the letter ascribed to Nawruz, he was apoplectic with rage. On the spot, Ghazan ordered the clerk beaten to death, then called for the deaths of Nawruz's family and servants, then ordered Nawruz's arrest. Nawruz fled upon learning of this, but was captured at Herat and turned over to Noyan Qutlughshah in August 1297, who had Nawruz cut in half. The late noyan's severed head spent some years adorning one of Baghdad's gates. Nawruz's downfall saw the stars of both Zanjani and Qutlughshah rise. In the meantime, Ghazan continued to advance his image as an almighty Muslim monarch, educating himself on Islamic laws and in 1297, donning a turban. He even experimented with bearing black banners as the ‘Abbasids once did, portraying himself as a sort of replacement ‘Abbasid Caliph, in part to challenge the puppet ‘Abbasid Caliphs the Mamluks kept in Cairo. Zanjani was finally confident in his position as vizier and wielded extreme power. But in the fashion of all Ikhanid viziers, his arrogance bred enemies. In March 1298, news came to Ghazan's ears that Zanjani was stealing funds from the imperial treasury. Fearing for his life, Zanjani decided to shift the blame away from himself. He went before Ghazan and bravely made accusations against one of his deputies and friends, a physician in Ghazan's keshig named Rashid al-Din. Ghazan saw through Zanjani's effort to condemn Rashid, and put a stop to it, though Zanjani maintained his position. The vizier needed a new plot, and to deal with Rashid al-Din. When Qutlughshah Noyan returned from crushing a rebellion in Georgia, the Noyan argued with Zanjani over tribute from the kingdom. Fearing the powerful Qutlughshah's wrath, Zanjani thought of himself a devilish plan to rid himself of both Qutlughshah and Rashid al-Din. He notified Ghazan that Qutlughshah had ruined the economy of Georgia. Ghazan was then mad at Qutlughshah, who openly wondered who had made the accusation to Ghazan. Zanjani told Qutlughshah that it had been Rashid al-Din, and Qutlughshah stormed off to question Rashid over the matter. But Zanjani had not counted on one thing: the friendly relations between Qutlughshah and Rashid al-Din from their time in the keshig together. When Qutlughshah questioned Rashid as to why the physician had denounced him, Rashid convinced Qutlughshah of his innocence in the matter. Returning to Ghazan, they quickly deduced that it was the plotting of Zanjani turning them against each other. In April 1298, Zanjani was put on trial and given over to Qutlughshah for execution, who had Zanjani killed in the same manner as Nawruz; cut in half. So ended the third vizierate of Sadr' al-Din Zanjani. Following Zanjani's bisection, Ghazan lifted two men into the position of vizier in 1298: Sa'd al-Siwaji and Rashid al-Din Hamadani. If the latter name is familiar, it is because Rashid al-Din has been a voice we have commonly consulted in our podcast. Indeed, we could say that Rashid al-Din is one of, if not the, most important single medieval author on the Mongols, for he is the author of the massive Compendium of Chronicles, which he began soon after Zanjani's fall. First we should finally give mr. Rashid al-Din an introduction. He was born in the northwestern Iranian city of Hamadan around 1247 into a Jewish family. Like his father, Rashid was trained as a physician. As Hamadan was an important centre for Iranian Jews, featuring a Rabbinical college, and as evidenced from his knowledge of Jewish customs and Hebrew in the Compendium of Chronicles, we can say that Rashid was educated and raised in Jewish law. Yet for unclear reasons, he converted to Sunni Islam around the age of 30, perhaps in order to benefit his entrance into the majority Muslim bureacracy of the Ilkhanate. Most of his life between these broad strokes before the end of the thirteenth century is unknown. Perhaps as early as the reign of Abaqa Il-Khan did Rashid enter service of the Il-Khans in the role of a physician, and likely served Il-Khan Geikhatu as a steward and prepared his food. According to his own testament, during the failed effort to implement paper money in the midst of economic woes under Geikhatu, Rashid spent his own money to support the vizier's office of Zanjani with food and cooks. By the time of Zanjani's final vizierate during Ghazan's reign, Rashid al-Din appears as a trusted associated respected by Ghazan and Qutlughshah Noyan, though we know nothing of how this relationship came about beyond Rashid's presence in the keshig, the imperial bodyguard, in which he had served as steward. Surprisingly little is known of Rashid al-Din's activities before he became Sa'd al-Siwaji's associate in the vizierate. Rashid al-Din was a highly educated man, well read in the Qur'an, poetry and the great Iranian national epic, the Shahnama of Firdausi, and was a man proud of Persian culture. A trained physician, he also showed interest in science, history and agriculture, all interests he pursued during his long reign at the top of the Mongol bureaucracy. Soon after reaching this lofty position, he was commissioned by Ghazan to begin a history of the Mongol Empire, from Chinggis Khan to Ghazan himself. This work was to be the beginning of the vast Jami' al-Tawarikh, the Compendium of Chronicles, which under Ghazan's successor Oljeitu was expanded to become a universal history covering Chinese, Turkish, Islamic, Indian and, to a lesser extent, Frankish history. Much of the central part of the Compendium of Chronicles is the Ghazanid Chronicle, his history of the Mongol Empire. Named for his patron, this is a history of the Mongol Empire relying on now lost sources, including a Mongolian source on Chinggis Khan's life, the Authentic Chronicle of Chinggis Khan, also called the Veritable Record of Chinggis Khan. Though this source is no longer extant, it was used by Rashid al-Din and two of the most important surviving Chinese sources on Chinggis Khan, the Shengwu Qinzheng lu and the first chapter of the Yuan Shi. The compilers of the Secret History of the Mongols used the same sources the Authentic Chronicle did, and the authors of the Authentic Chronicle made use of the Secret History of the Mongols, which Rashid himself did not have access to. It was, you know, secret, after all. Additionally, Rashid made use of earlier Arabic and Persian sources on the Mongols, such as ibn al-Athir, al-Nasawi and ‘Ala al-Din Juvaini's History of the World Conqueror, who of course had been the older brother of Shams al-Din Juvaini, one of Rashid al-Din's predecessors as Ilkhanid vizier. Further information in Rashid al-Din's Compendium of Chronicles was collected from envoys from other Mongol khanates, a high ranking judge from the Yuan Dynasty named Bolod Chingsang, and apparently from Ghazan himself. Fittingly, Rashid al-Din's history is the main source for Ghazan's reign, to whom he devotes a very lengthy chapter, which concludes with forty stories illustrating Ghazan's character and supreme ability. If we take Rashid's account of Ghazan's life at face value, then Ghazan was fluent in Mongolian, Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Kashmiri, Tibetan, Chinese and a “Frankish” language. As well, he was a master goldsmith, blacksmith, carpenter and painter who also loved history, medicine, astronomy and alchemy. A perfect Muslim monarch who loved and cared for his people, and refused to harm even a fly if it landed in his food. In Rashid al-Din's account, the period before Ghazan is one of almost total anarchy, where inept khans more interested in hunting and feasting allowed their viziers and noyans to run the empire; in contrast, Ghazan took true interest in running the government, and under his guidance numerous reforms were launched to rejuvenate the struggling Ilkhanate. How much of this is true is hard to say; we know, for instance, that Ghazan had to rely on interpreters for dealing with Arabic speaking embassies from Damascus, and it seems doubtful the 30 year old Ghazan had found time to master so many industries during his military career. The fact that most of our Persian sources were written during or after Ghazan's reign makes it hard to check many of Rashid's statements on the earlier period. The glowing nature of Rashid's descriptions of Ghazan is often humorous when compared to other contemporaries, such as the Armenian Het'um of Corycus, who describes Ghazan as exceptionally short and ugly. Regardless, Rashid al-Din's work is incredibly valuable, and few histories on the Mongol Empire will fail to make reference to it. While Rashid played up Ghazan's glory, there can be no doubt that under Ghazan serious reforms were undertaken, though whether Ghazan was the inspiration for them, or they came from Rashid himself is unknown. A major effort was directed to reducing abuses of the empire's agricultural base and farming population. From limiting the numbers of officials and clerks who took advantage of their gereg privileges to collect supplies from the yam routes, to stamping out bandity with more highway patrolmen and new laws. They also tried to prevent the Mongols from harassing the sedentary population. As the Mongols were not provided a salary, many had to support themselves by collecting what they needed through force from the Ilkhan's subjects. Ghazan sought to solve this by granting lands to Mongol minghaans. The income from these allotted farms and villages would be used to support these Mongols, and stop their pillaging. These were accompanied by monetary reforms and new silver currency, bearing not Mongolian inscriptions but the shahada and Ghazan's title of padishah-i islam. Measurements and weights throughout the Ilkhanate were ordered to be standardized largely based on what was used in Tabriz, in order to facilitate trade between regions. Canals and underground waterways were built to provide water for cities and irrigation. He also forbid the practice of enticing young women into prostitution. Under Ghazan, the Ilkhanid treasury was reformed and refilled. The poorly managed treasury had before been subjected to theft from its own guards, and no accounts were made regarding what was contained within or spent. Ghazan and his vizers al-Siwaji and Rashid al-Din remedied this, with a more effective system under better protection. Evidently this was not mere rhetoric on Rashid al-Din's part, as evidenced by Ghazan's massive building projects and army mobilizations which indicate a substantial financial backing. At Tabriz, the Ilkhanid capital, Ghazan spent great sums improving the city. A new wall was built around it, along with entire new districts; one of these Ghazan made “New Tabriz,” and encouraged merchants and travellers to frequent it. Rashid al-Din was allotted funds to build himself an entire suburb in Tabriz, the famed Rab-e Rashidi. Here, Rashid al-Din oversaw a community of scholars, scientists and artists from across Iran to as far away as China and Italy. It became a veritable factory that was, in time, tasked by Rashid in copying and reproducing the Compendium of Chronicles, both its text and artwork. Rashid al-Din hoped for his magnum opus to become a medieval bestseller, and dreamed of a copy in every city of the Ilkhanate. Ghazan was not above a little indulgence in Tabriz, in the form of a massive tomb complex for himself. It was a massive construction that was supposed to be larger than even the mighty mausoleum of the Seljuq Sultan Sanjar. Unfortunately, little of these projects remain. Even Rashid al-Din's suburb is now little more than a dusty mound outside of Tabriz today. The cause of this we will see in our next episode. While these efforts were ongoing, Ghazan turned his eyes to military matters. Initially, these were defensive, as with the Chagatais, or crushing rebellions. After the end of Baltu's revolt in Anatolia, one of the men left in charge of the peninsula, Sulemish, a grandson of Baiju Noyan, began to have his own designs on the region. In contact with the Mamluks, when thick snowfall in winter 1298 cut Anatolia off from the rest of the Ilkhanate, Sulemish revolted. Ghazan of course, would have none of this. When spring came in 1299, an army under Qutlughshah Noyan was sent to bring Sulemish to heel. When his army was defeated, Sulemish fled to the Mamluks, left his brother as a hostage with them and returned to Anatolia with an army. This too was quickly defeated, and Sulemish brought captive to Tabriz, where late in 1299 he was publicly, and very violently, executed. The revolt, brief as it was, brought the Mamluks to Ghazan's full attention. Their now shared religion was no cause for peace between them. Like Teguder Ahmad, Ghazan believed it should have made it easier for the Mamluks to submit to him, but their failure to respond to his declaration of his conversion in 1295 infuriated him. Ghazan had no love for them: intensely proud of his Chinggisid ancestry, to Ghazan the Mamluks - lowly slave soldiers who had become kings and were, even worse, Qipchaqs - were nothing but natural servants of the Mongols. Their submission, either through diplomacy or conquest was necessary and inevitable, and the fact they now shared a God did not change that. In March of 1299, defectors came to the Ilkhanate from the Mamluk Sultanate, and brought Ghazan up to speed on what had been happening in Cairo. The news pleased him. From the highs of the might of Baybars, Qalawun and al-Ashraf Khalil, the position of Sultan had become decidedly vulnerable. A young son of Qalawun, al-Nasir Muhammad, had been enthroned following al-Ashraf Khalil's murder, but his regent, a man of Mongolian origin named, somewhat ironically, Kitbuqa, seized power. al-Nasir Muhammad was deposed and Kitbuqa became Sultan, only to be in turn pushed out by another Mamluk named Lajin. Lajin ruled for three years until his murder at the start of 1299, and the 14 year old al-Nasir Muhammad was recalled to resume the Sultanic title, though real power was in the hands of the emirs. Thus, as Ghazan had stomped down on threats to his throne and strengthened his power by 1299, the Mamluk Sultanate was ruled over by a young boy with no power fought over between squabbling emirs. It was as perfect a time as any to complete the conquest started by Hulegu some 40 years prior. Ghazan, always with an eye to the message, found a perfect pretext for war when during Ramadan in summer 1299, a Mamluk raiding party raped women in a mosque in an Ilkhanid town. With this, Ghazan was able to get a fatwa declared, coming into Syria in the final weeks of 1299 not as a Mongol conqueror, but a jihadi warrior come to preserve the dignity of Muslims. The fact that he brought a significant body of Christian soldiers from Armenia and Georgia was not lost on his Mamluk critics, especially the famous Hanbali jurist ibn Taymiyyah. In terms of execution, Ghazan's 1299 campaign was brilliantly orchestrated. His timing was perfect, and he kept tight discipline over his troops to limit raiding on the population of Syria. On December 22nd, 1299, Ghazan met the army of al-Nasir Muhammad outside of Homs, where his great-uncle Mongke-Temur had been defeated in 1281. Unlike Mongke-Temur, Ghazan was a very experienced captain. He positioned his army at the nearby water source and forced the Mamluks to cross the desert to attack him. The young al-Nasir Muhammad could not overawe the infighting between the emirs, and Ghazan soundly outmaneuvered them. Known as the battle of Wadi al-Khaznadar, Ghazan inflicted a devastating defeat on the Mamluk army- the only major victory enjoyed by the Mongols in all their conflict with the Mamluks. The sultan fled all the way back to Egypt, his army routed, his baggage abandoned and looted by the Mongols. The news of the Mamluk defeat spread rapidly across the region, and Mamluk garrisons from Syria and Palestine melted away or ran to join the sultan in Cairo. In the last days of the thirteenth century, Ghazan took the submission of Damascus. Here, if we believe Rashid al-Din, he took the time to further humiliate the Mamluks. He is supposed to have asked the assembled Damascene delegation who his ancestors were. They explained that he was Ghazan, son of Arghun, son of Abaqa, son of Hulegu, son of Tolui, son of Chinggis Khan. And who, Ghazan asked, was al-Nasir Muhammad's father? They answered that it was Sultan Qalawun. And who, Ghazan asked again, was Qalawun's father? Those assembled could not answer, for Qalawun's father was an unknown Qipchaq slave from the great steppe, from where Qalawun had been taken as a boy. Ghazan's point had been to demonstrate his own exalted lineage, from the grandest of all conquerors, the family given command by heaven to conquer the world. In contrast, the Mamluks were slaves, nobodies, and without right to rule. Whether or not Ghazan really had this interaction, it does play into the skillful propaganda he employed during the campaign. As Damascus he had letters read out in Arabic signalling that he would spare the population and denounced Mamluk rule. These letters are rich with Qor'anic references, and it would have felt they were now the subjects of a Muslim, rather than a Mongol. Not all were drawn in by Ghazan's efforts. A Mamluk scholar in Damascus, ibn Taymiyyah, virulently decried Ghazan as a false Muslim served by a Jew, Rashid al-Din, and accused Ghazan of venerating Chinggis Khan as a prophet. Seeking to encourage resistance against Ghazan, Taymiyyah claimed to have rarely seen the Mongols pray, that they were ignorant of Islam or had Shi'a leanings. The latter is not entirely false; Ghazan had a deep affection for the Caliph ‘Ali and his family, the first legitimate caliph in the eyes of Shi'a Muslims, and like many Mongols was annoyed at infighting between Sunni schools. Damascus was not put to the torch, and Mongol forces advanced down through Palestine. In some reports, they even entered Jerusalem itself. The path seemed open to Egypt. Yet, in February 1300 Ghazan suddenly turned back to the Ilkhanate, leaving a smaller force under Qutlughshah and the King of Cilicia Armenia, Het'um II, to briefly hold the region until they too retreated. By the start of the summer, the Mamluks had retaken their lost territory. Why Ghazan withdrew is unclear; the most common explanation is that he chose to avoid the summer heat, judging that he lacked the resources to supply an army all the way into Egypt once the summer sun beat down. Certainly, it was not because he lacked desire: in the autumn of 1300 he resumed the campaign, entering Syria again only for sudden extreme rainfall to turn the roads into deep mud that trapped men and horses. Unable to advance, he withdrew the army. Letters were sent to Europe following the first invasion seeking to organize an alliance, but brought, as usual, no actual results. He launched another invasion in spring 1303 under Qutlughshah Noyan, while Ghazan hung back. Qutlughshah suffered a great defeat against the Mamluks at Marj al-Suffar, for which Ghazan had him beaten with a rod upon his return. Yet another invasion was ordered in fall 1303, but was halted when Ghazan's health took a downward turn. Ghazan seems to have suffered from routine inflammation of the eyes, mentioned by Rashid al-Din for the first time in 1299. In September 1303, the inflammation returned and quickly became serious. Rashid mentions that Ghazan was cauterized in two places, though unclear where or why. The Il-Khan made a show of moving about on a platform built on the backs of two elephants, an effort to hide the fact he could barely walk and could no longer ride his horse due to the pain. In January 1304, his youngest wife Kärämün Khatun died, which became an emotional blow on top of his physical ailments. The vigorous monarch became depressed, the death of a wife making his own impending mortality seem all the greater. As the weather warmed he recovered some strength, and was able to ride and hunt again. Almost immediately, perhaps as a show of vitality or change of scenery, he set out for Rayy. The decision was foolhardly. On the road his symptoms returned and he lost his appetite. It became clear to all, especially himself, that he was dying. Retaining his mental faculties even as his body failed him, he summoned the noyans to him, and made them swear over and over again to confirm his brother Oljeitu as his successor. Perhaps only once he felt confident their oaths were genuine, did Ghazan allow himself to pass. On the 17th of May, 1304, Ghazan Il-Khan succumbed to his illness. He was 32 years old. His body was returned to Tabriz and entombed in his massive mausoleum, the first Il-Khan to abandon the secret burials of the Mongols. As per his wishes, his brother Oljeitu was enthroned as Khan of the Ilkhanate, setting off the final stage of the Khanate's history. The reign of Oljeitu begins our next episode, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals podcast to follow. If you enjoyed this and would like to help us continue producing great content, please consider supporting us on patreon at www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals, or sharing this with your friends. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I'm your host David, and we'll catch you on the next one.