In this short episode, Bryan explains the fundamentals of capacitance, focusing on the unit of measure: farads, including micro and pico. Farads are named after scientist Michael Faraday and measure capacitance; one farad represents the capacitance of a capacitor in which one coulomb of charge causes a potential difference of one volt across the plates. Farads measure the storage of electrical energy and indicate the capacitor's ability to create a phase shift. Since farads are large units, our capacitors are rated in microfarads (1/1,000,000 farads). Bigger capacitors have higher microfarad ratings and store more charge. Capacitors create a phase shift and limit current on the start or auxiliary winding. (You'll read less current across the start winding than the run winding or common when a run capacitor is in the circuit.) The start winding helps get a single-phase motor up and running (but it isn't present on all motors). Three-phase power has three windings, and it has three sine waves 120 degrees out of phase with each other, all of which can apply directional force. A single-phase motor has two windings and only one sine wave, so it doesn't have that phase difference, making it difficult to start a motor. Capacitors charge and discharge at a different point of the sine wave, causing a phase shift. A picofarad is 1/1,000,000,000 farad, which is smaller than the microfarads we use. However, our meters can auto-range into the picofarad scale if they read a very weak capacitor. You'll have to make sure your meter is reading in the microfarad scale, not the picofarad scale. Learn more about the 5th Annual HVACR Training Symposium at https://hvacrschool.com/Symposium24. If you have an iPhone, subscribe to the podcast HERE, and if you have an Android phone, subscribe HERE.” Subscribe to our YouTube channel at https://www.youtube.com/@HVACS. Check out our handy calculators HERE or on the HVAC School Mobile App (Google Play Store or App Store).
-Detienen a 5 hombres implicados con la muerte de “El Cachetes”-Fallece el Arzobispo de Tuxtla, Monseñor Fabio Martínez Castilla-Norcoreanos acuden a las urnas en primeras elecciones con más de un candidato-Más información en nuestro podcast
College Football talk: Canes lose again, FSU loses Travis, and reviewing the Top 25 going into the final week The Cy Job NHL and NBA talk NFL Week 11 The Meltdown, Cookies and Cream Brownies, Black Friday Thanksgiving Food talk WWE Survivor Series preview and AEW Full Gear Review SPORTS GOOFS presented by Mr. Tortilla. Try the Famous 1-Carb Tortilla in Multigrain or Pico de Gallo! Listen to us on Podhero! Support the Goofs on Patreon. Sports Goofs' Social Media: Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Discord | TikTok Francisco's Social Media: Twitter | YouTube Andrew's Social Media: Twitter | Twitch Charles' Social Media: Twitter Goof States of America (40.5): California, Virginia, Florida, Washington, New Jersey, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, New York, Illinois, Arizona, Michigan, Indiana, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Georgia, Montana, Delaware, Alabama, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Kentucky, Rhode Island, Utah, Kansas, Maryland, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Iowa, Colorado, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, New Mexico, Hawaii, District of Columbia, Oklahoma Goof World Order (57): United States, India, Canada, Ireland, Vietnam, Germany, Nepal, Singapore, United Kingdom, France, Pakistan, Italy, Israel, Finland, Brazil, Malaysia, Japan, Egypt, Norway, Thailand, Kyrgyzstan, Croatia, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Belize, Morocco, Oman, Switzerland, Philippines, South Africa, Algeria, Australia, Bangladesh, Netherlands, New Zealand, Iran, Iraq, Bulgaria, Spain, Sri Lanka, Qatar, Portugal, Nicaragua, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, China, Seychelles, Sweden, Serbia, Indonesia, Poland, Lebanon, Tunisia, Republic of Lithuania, Czech Republic, Russia, Taiwan #MLB #NBA #NHL #NFL #NCAA #WWE #AEW --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/support
238. Call of Duty : Modern Warfare 3 / Playstation Portal / Atari 2600+ / Pico 8 / Full Metal Furies / Choujin Sentai Jetman Fred enfile son kit d'armée pour son rendez-vous annuel de COD. Mountain Dew à la main, il nous parle de Modern Warfare 3. Bruno réalise son rêve, jouer à la PS5 dans son lit. Tout ça grâce à la Playstation Portal. Il nous parle également d'un jeu coop très satisfaisant : Full Metal Furies. Dom nous présente un jeu très court dans une critique très courte. Si seulement j'me rappelais du nom. Chouine queqchose là. Jf nous présente sa passion du Pico 8 en nous montrant des jeux magnifiques. Finalement toute l'équipe capote en regardant la Atari 2600+. Un épisode rempli d'émotions. Tout ça et bien plus dans ce 238e épisode! Bonne écoute!
Alejandro Lerner en vivo en Radio 5: Este 3 de diciembre de presenta en Ferro de Pico con una nueva gira. Ya lleva más de 40 conciertos en teatros del país y el primer fin de semana de diciembre visitará la ciudad de General Pico
Uma lenda do Mountain Bike está no MTB PASS. O suíço Thomas Frischknecht, campeão mundial XCO e XCM. Um dos ciclistas que popularizaram a modalidade na Europa conversa com Vivi Favery sobre o passado, o presente e o futuro modalidade. Mentor de Nino Schurter na Swiss Power, Frisch não fugiu de nenhum debate importante. Dos traçados atuais ao combate ao doping, tudo ele deu sua opinião. Outro episódio que já estreia ÉPICO na Gregario Cycling. E se você não domina o inglês, aguarde a versão dublada. Importante agradecer a Scott Brasil que fez a conexão para que a entrevista acontecesse! O MTB PASS é apresentado por Mombora, uma empresa desenvolvida por apaixonados por esporte e que produz suplementos de carboidratos 100% naturais, com eficiência, criatividade e muito respeito à natureza. Conheça a Mombora www.mombora.com.br E se ligue pois tem cupom de desconto. 20% de desconto na compra de dois intratreinos e ainda ganha dois geis Mombora Gregario. // CUPOM: GREGARIOCARBO20Venha nessa RODA: https://instabio.cc/gregariocyclingThis podcast uses the following third-party services for analysis: Chartable - https://chartable.com/privacy
Entrevista a Mariano de Andrés, expresidente de la Asociación Cultural Pico de San Pedro, que recibe la medalla de Oro de la villa
En este episodio platicamos sobre El Pico de Dante (1996) y los riesgos que conlleva vivir a lado de un volcán. Además comentamos de las erupciones que estan sucediendo en Islandia, la isla que nació en Japón, la sustentabilidad en la industria del cine y las políticas de prevención de desastres.
En este episodio platicamos sobre El Pico de Dante (1996) y los riesgos que conlleva vivir a lado de un volcán. Además comentamos de las erupciones que estan sucediendo en Islandia, la isla que nació en Japón, la sustentabilidad en la industria del cine y las políticas de prevención de desastres.
This podcast hit paid subscribers' inboxes on Nov. 14. It dropped for free subscribers on Nov. 21. To receive future pods as soon as they're live, and to support independent ski journalism, please consider an upgrade to a paid subscription. You can also subscribe to the free tier below:WhoJim Vick, General Manager of Lutsen Mountains, MinnesotaRecorded onOctober 30, 2023About Lutsen MountainsClick here for a mountain stats overviewOwned by: Midwest Family Ski ResortsLocated in: Lutsen, MinnesotaYear founded: 1948Pass affiliations:* Legendary Gold Pass – unlimited access, no blackouts* Legendary Silver Pass – unlimited with 12 holiday and peak Saturday blackouts* Legendary Bronze Pass – unlimited weekdays with three Christmas week blackouts* Indy Pass – 2 days with 24 holiday and Saturday blackouts* Indy Plus Pass – 2 days with no blackoutsClosest neighboring ski areas: Chester Bowl (1:44), Loch Lomond (1:48), Spirit Mountain (1:54), Giants Ridge (1:57), Mt. Baldy (2:11)Base elevation: 800 feetSummit elevation: 1,688 feetVertical drop: 1,088 feet (825 feet lift-served)Skiable Acres: 1,000Average annual snowfall: 120 inchesTrail count: 95 (10% expert, 25% most difficult, 47% more difficult, 18% easiest)Lift count: 7 (1 eight-passenger gondola, 2 high-speed six-packs, 3 double chairs, 1 carpet)View historic Lutsen Mountains trailmaps on skimap.org.Why I interviewed himI often claim that Vail and Alterra have failed to appreciate Midwest skiing. I realize that this can be confusing. Vail Resorts owns 10 ski areas from Missouri to Ohio. Alterra's Ikon Pass includes a small but meaningful presence in Northern Michigan. What the hell am I talking about here?Lutsen, while a regional standout and outlier, illuminates each company's blind spots. In 2018, the newly formed Alterra Mountain Company looted the motley M.A.X. Pass roster for its best specimens, adding them to its Ikon Pass. Formed partly from the ashes of Intrawest, Alterra kept all of their own mountains and cherry-picked the best of Boyne and Powdr, leaving off Boyne's Michigan mountains, Brighton, Summit at Snoqualmie, and Cypress (which Ikon later added); and Powdr's Boreal, Lee Canyon, Pico, and Bachelor (Pico and Bachelor eventually made the team). Alterra also added Solitude and Crystal after purchasing them later in 2018, and, over time, Windham and Alyeska. Vail bought Triple Peaks (Crested Butte, Okemo, Sunapee), later that year, and added Resorts of the Canadian Rockies to its Epic Pass. But that left quite a few orphans, including Lutsen and sister mountain Granite Peak, which eventually joined the Indy Pass (which didn't debut until 2019).All of which is technocratic background to set up this question: what the hell was Alterra thinking? In Lutsen and Granite Peak, Alterra had, ready to snatch, two of the largest, most well-cared-for, most built-up resorts between Vermont and Colorado. Midwest Family Ski Resorts CEO Charles Skinner is one of the most aggressive and capable ski area operators anywhere. These mountains, with their 700-plus-foot vertical drops, high-speed lifts, endless glade networks, and varied terrain deliver a big-mountain experience that has more in common with a mid-sized New England ski area than anything within several hundred miles in any direction. It's like someone in a Colorado boardroom and a stack of spreadsheets didn't bother looking past the ZIP Codes when deciding what to keep and what to discard.This is one of the great miscalculations in the story of skiing's shift to multimountain pass hegemony. By overlooking Lutsen Mountains and Granite Peak in its earliest days, Alterra missed an opportunity to snatch enormous volumes of Ikon Pass sales across the Upper Midwest. Any Twin Cities skier (and there are a lot of them), would easily be able to calculate the value of an Ikon Pass that could deliver 10 or 14 days between Skinner's two resorts, and additional days on that mid-winter western run. By dismissing the region, Alterra also enabled the rise of the Indy Pass, now the only viable national multi-mountain pass product for the Midwestern skier outside of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. These sorts of regional destinations, while not as “iconic” as, say, Revelstoke, move passes; the sort of resort-hopping skier who is attracted to a multi-mountain pass is going to want to ski near home as much as they want to fly across the country.Which is a formula Vail Resorts, to its credit, figured out a long time ago. Which brings us back to those 10 Midwestern ski areas hanging off the Epic Pass attendance sheet. Vail has, indeed, grasped the utility of the Midwestern, city-adjacent day-ski area, and all 10 of its resorts fit neatly into that template: 75 chairlifts on 75 vertical feet with four trees seated within 10 miles of a city center. But here's what they missed: outside of school groups; Park Brahs who like to Park Out, Brah; and little kids, these ski areas hold little appeal even to Midwesterners. That they are busy beyond comprehension at all times underscores, rather than refutes, that point – something simulating a big-mountain experience, rather than a street riot, is what the frequent Midwest skier seeks.For that, you have to flee the cities. Go north, find something in the 400- to 600-foot vertical range, something with glades and nooks and natural snow. Places like Caberfae, Crystal Mountain, Nub's Nob, and Shanty Creek in Michigan; Cascade, Devil's Head, and Whitecap, Wisconsin; Giants Ridge and Spirit Mountain, Minnesota. Lutsen is the best of all of these, a sprawler with every kind of terrain flung across its hundreds of acres. A major ski area. A true resort. A Midwestern dream.Vick and I discuss the Ikon snub in the podcast. It's weird. And while Alterra, five years later, is clearly doing just fine, its early decision to deliberately exclude itself from one of the world's great ski regions is as mystifying a strategic choice as I've seen any ski company make. Vail, perhaps, understands the Midwest resort's true potential, but never found one it could close on – there aren't that many of them, and they aren't often for sale. Perhaps they dropped a blank check on Skinner's desk, and he promptly deposited it into the nearest trashcan.All of which is a long way of saying this: Lutsen is the best conventional ski area in the Midwest (monster ungroomed Mount Bohemia is going to hold more appeal for a certain sort of expert skier), and one of the most consistently excellent ski operations in America. Its existence ought to legitimize the region to national operators too bent on dismissing it. Someday, they will understand that. And after listening to this podcast, I hope that you will, too.What we talked aboutWhy Lutsen never makes snow in October; Minnesota as early-season operator; the new Raptor Express six-pack; why the Bridge double is intact but retiring from winter operations; why Lutsen removed the 10th Mountain triple; why so many Riblet chairs are still operating; why Moose Return trail will be closed indefinitely; potential new lower-mountain trails on Eagle Mountain; an updated season-opening plan; how lake-effect snow impacts the west side of Lake Superior; how the Raptor lift may impact potential May operations; fire destroys Papa Charlie's; how it could have been worse; rebuilding the restaurant; Lutsen's long evolution from backwater to regional leader and legit western alternative; the Skinner family's aggressive operating philosophy; the history of Lutsen's gondola, the only such machine in Midwest skiing; Lutsen's ambitious but stalled masterplan; potential Ullr and Mystery mountain chairlift upgrades; “the list of what skiers want is long”; why Lutsen switched to a multi-mountain season pass with Granite Peak and Snowriver; and “if we would have been invited into the Ikon at the start, we would have jumped on that.”Why I thought that now was a good time for this interviewFor all my gushing above, Lutsen isn't perfect. While Granite Peak has planted three high-speed lifts on the bump in the past 20 years, Lutsen has still largely been reliant on a fleet of antique Riblets, plus a sixer that landed a decade ago and the Midwest's only gondola, a glimmering eight-passenger Doppelmayr machine installed in 2015. While a fixed-grip foundation isn't particularly abnormal for the Midwest, which is home to probably the largest collection of antique chairlifts on the planet, it's off-brand for burnished Midwest Family Ski Resorts.Enter, this year, Lutsen's second six-pack, Raptor Express, which replaces both the 10th Mountain triple (removed), and the Bridge double (demoted to summer-only use). This new lift, running approximately 600 vertical feet parallel to Bridge, will (sort of; more below), smooth out the janky connection from Moose back to Eagle. And while the loss of 10th Mountain will mean 300 vertical feet of rambling below the steep upper-mountain shots, Raptor is a welcome upgrade that will help Lutsen keep up with the Boynes.However, even as this summer moved the mountain ahead with the Raptor installation, a storm demolished a skier bridge over the river on Moose Return, carving a several-hundred-foot-wide, unbridgeable (at least in the short term), gap across the trail. Which means that skiers will have to connect back to Eagle via gondola, somewhat dampening Raptor's expected impact. That's too bad, and Vick and I talk extensively about what that means for skiers this coming winter.The final big timely piece of this interview is the abrupt cancellation of Lutsen's massive proposed terrain expansion, which would have more than doubled the ski area's size with new terrain on Moose and Eagle mountains. Here's what they were hoping to do with Moose:And Eagle:Over the summer, Lutsen withdrew the plan, and Superior National Forest Supervisor Thomas Hall recommended a “no action” alternative, citing “irreversible damage” to mature white cedar and sugar maple stands, displacement of backcountry skiers, negative impacts to the 300-mile-long Superior hiking trail, objections from Native American communities, and water-quality concerns. Lutsen had until Oct. 10 to file an objection to the decision, and they did. What happens now? we discuss that.Questions I wish I'd askedIt may have been worth getting into the difference between Lutsen's stated lift-served vertical (825 feet), and overall vertical (1,088 feet). But it wasn't really necessary, as I asked the same question of Midwest Family Ski Resorts CEO Charles Skinner two years ago. He explains the disparity at the 25:39 mark:What I got wrongI said that Boyne Mountain runs the Hemlock double chair instead of the Mountain Express six-pack for summer operations. That is not entirely true, as Mountain Express sometimes runs, as does the new Disciples 8 chair on the far side of the mountain's Sky Bridge.I referred to Midwest Family Ski Resorts CEO Charles Skinner as “Charles Skinner Jr.” He is in fact Charles Skinner IV.Why you should ski Lutsen MountainsOne of the most unexpected recurring messages I receive from Storm readers floats out of the West. Dedicated skiers of the big-mountain, big-snow kingdoms of the Rockies, they'd never thought much about skiing east of the Continental Divide. But now they're curious. All these profiles of New England girth and history, Midwest backwater bumps, and Great Lakes snowtrains have them angling for a quirky adventure, for novelty and, perhaps, a less-stressful version of skiing. These folks are a minority. Most Western skiers wear their big-mountain chauvinism as a badge of stupid pride. Which I understand. But they are missing a version of skiing that is heartier, grittier, and more human than the version that swarms from the western skies.So, to those few who peek east over the fortress walls and consider the great rolling beyond, I tell you this: go to Lutsen. If you're only going to ski the Midwest once, and only in a limited way, this is one of the few must-experience stops. Lutsen and Bohemia. Mix and match the rest. But these two are truly singular.To the rest of you, well: Midwest Family's stated goal is to beef up its resorts so that they're an acceptable substitute for a western vacation. Lutsen's website even hosts a page comparing the cost of a five-day trip there and to Breckenridge:Sure, that's slightly exaggerated, and yes, Breck crushes Lutsen in every on-mountain statistical category, from skiable acreage to vertical drop to average annual snowfall. But 800 vertical feet is about what an average skier can manage in one go anyway. And Lutsen really does give you a bigger-mountain feel than anything for a thousand miles in either direction (except, as always, the Bohemia exception). And when you board that gondy and swing up the cliffs toward Moose Mountain, you're going to wonder where, exactly, you've been transported to. Because it sure as hell doesn't look like Minnesota.Podcast NotesOn Midwest Family Ski ResortsMidwest Family Ski Resorts now owns four ski areas (Snowriver, Michigan is one resort with two side-by-side ski areas). Here's an overview:On the loss of Moose ReturnA small but significant change will disrupt skiing at Lutsen Mountains this winter: the destruction of the skier bridge at the bottom of the Moose Return trail that crosses the Poplar River, providing direct ski access from Moose to Eagle mountains. Vick details why this presents an unfixable obstacle in the podcast, but you can see that Lutsen removed the trail from its updated 2023-24 map:On the Stowe gondola I referencedI briefly referenced Stowe's gondola as a potential model for traversing the newly re-gapped Moose Return run. The resort is home to two gondolas – the 2,100-vertical-foot, 7,664-foot-long, eight-passenger Mansfield Gondola; and the 1,454-foot-long, six-passenger Over Easy Gondola, which moves between the Mansfield and Spruce bases. It is the latter that I'm referring to in the podcast: On Mt. FrontenacVick mentions that his first job was at Mt. Frontenac, a now-lost 420-vertical-foot ski area in Minnesota. Here was a circa 2000 trailmap:Apparently a local group purchased the ski area and converted it into a golf course. Boo.On the evolution of LutsenThe Skinners have been involved with Lutsen since the early 1980s. Here's a circa 1982 trailmap, which underscores the mountain's massive evolution over the decades:On the evolution of Granite PeakWhen Charles Skinner purchased Granite Peak, then known as Rib Mountain, it was a nubby little backwater, with neglected infrastructure and a miniscule footprint:And here it is today, a mile-wide broadside running three high-speed chairlifts:An absolutely stunning transformation.On Charles Skinner IIISkinner's 2021 Star Tribune obituary summarized his contributions to Lutsen and to skiing:Charles Mather Skinner III passed away on June 17th at the age of 87 in his new home in Red Wing, MN. …Charles was born in St. Louis, MO on August 30, 1933, to Eleanor Whiting Skinner and Charles Mather Skinner II. He grew up near Lake Harriet in Minneapolis where he loved racing sailboats during the summer and snow sliding adventures in the winter.At the age of 17, he joined the United States Navy and fought in the Korean War as a navigator aboard dive bombers. After his service, he returned home to Minnesota where he graduated from the University of Minnesota Law School, served on the law review, and began practicing law in Grand Rapids, MN.In 1962, he led the formation of Sugar Hills Ski and purchased Sugar Lake (Otis) Resort in Grand Rapids, MN. For 20 years, Charles pioneer-ed snowmaking inventions, collaborated with other Midwest ski area owners to build a golden age for Midwest ski areas, and advised ski areas across the U.S. including Aspen on snowmaking.In the 1970s, Scott Paper Company recruited Charles to manage recreational lands across New England, and later promoted him to become President of Sugarloaf Mountain ski area in Maine. In 1980, he bought, and significantly expanded, Lutsen Mountains in Lutsen, MN, which is now owned and operated by his children.He and his wife spent many happy years on North Captiva Island, Florida, where they owned and operated Barnacle Phil's Restaurant. An entrepreneur and risk-taker at heart, he never wanted to retire and was always looking for new business ventures.His work at Sugar Hills, Lutsen Mountains and North Captive Island helped local economics expand and thrive.He was a much-respected leader and inspiration to thousands of people over the years. Charles was incredibly intellectually curious and an avid reader, with a tremendous memory for facts and history.Unstoppable and unforgettable, he had a wonderful sense of humor and gave wise counsel to many. …On the number of ski areas on Forest Service landA huge number of U.S. ski areas operate on Forest Service land, with the majority seated in the West. A handful also sit in the Midwest and New England (Lutsen once sat partially on Forest Service land, but currently does not):On additional Midwest podcastsAs a native Midwesterner, I've made it a point to regularly feature the leaders of Midwest ski areas on the podcast. Dig into the archive:MICHIGANWISCONSINOHIOINDIANASOUTH DAKOTAThe Storm explores the world of lift-served skiing year-round. Join us.The Storm publishes year-round, and guarantees 100 articles per year. This is article 98/100 in 2023, and number 484 since launching on Oct. 13, 2019. Want to send feedback? Reply to this email and I will answer (unless you sound insane, or, more likely, I just get busy). You can also email firstname.lastname@example.org. This is a public episode. If you'd like to discuss this with other subscribers or get access to bonus episodes, visit www.stormskiing.com/subscribe
El dúo venezolano Plástica & Atípico hablan de los adelantos de su primer álbum de larga duración "Niños de Hoy".Plaformas:https://open.spotify.com/intl-es/track/27b4ZY05mOIoa5JyD7tOh6?si=2a18dc0b2ff942b8https://open.spotify.com/intl-es/track/4BqVO1uMNbJ1cQKsIQOtvp?si=414504f4a6ce4fe0Redes:https://www.instagram.com/suenaplastica/https://www.instagram.com/atipicohh/
Más de treinta años de trayectoria y una vida dedicada a la música bajo el nombre de DUNA (posteriormente Abejorros), la banda está integrada por Ale “Villa” Villanueva a la cabeza, junto a sus históricos compañeros y amigos de ruta musical Raul Arbeldibe (guitarra) y Marcos Marafioti (batería); sumándose actualmente el reconocido Fernando Nalé en el bajo. --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/gabrielpalavecino/message
Ride Royal Rangers Zuerst einmal möchten wir euch grüßen und für die Fürbitte um den Jugendeinsatz der Royal Rangers aus Hamburg Sasel bedanken. Es war wirklich aufregend, wie der Herr wirkte und wie Kinder, Jugendliche und Erwachsene von Gottes Liebe berührt wurden und zum Glauben an Jesus kamen. Es war, als ob der Himmel offen wäre, obwohl es viel geregnet hat. Die Einheiten und die praktische Anwendung der „Unvollendeten Geschichte“ hat vielen Jugendlichen eine neue Perspektive auf die Missionsarbeit und das Leben eines Missionars eröffnet, samt einem neuen Blick auf Gottes Mission, und seinen Plan für jeden Einzelnen, ins Herz gelegt. Das Programm wurde durch den Missionskurs „Die unvollendete Geschichte“ ergänzt und erweiterte unter denJugendlichen den Horizont auf Gottes Perspektive für den Missionsauftrag. Dazu hatten wir einfach inspirierende Zeiten der Gemeinschaft und des Austausches in den Gottesdiensten, auf einer Gemeindekonferenz und zum Abschluss am Jugendabend in Marvila. In Viana konnten wir trotz strömenden Regen mit vielen Leuten reden und ein Gebet sprechen, und unter den Kindern in Marvila haben acht ihr LebenJesus übergeben. Gott ist gut! Ein Moment in einem Restaurant in Viana, nach dem Abendessen, hat uns besonders bewegt, da die Wirtin mit allen ein Foto machen wollte. So gesellte sich die Gruppe um sie herum und einige fragten sie, ob sie für sie und ihre Mitarbeiter beten könnten. So geschehen hatte die Leiterin der Gruppe von Gott den Eindruck, dass ihr ein schweres Schicksal widerfahren ist und sie sehr damit zu kämpfen hat. Als sie das hörte, brach sie in Tränen aus, denn niemand wusste von dem tragischen Verlust eines Kindes, der sich vor einigen Jahren ereignet hat. Man muss dazu sagen, dass in diesen abgelegenen Gegenden sehr viel Okkultes herrscht, wir aber gespürt haben, wie der Himmel, trotz des anhaltenden Regens, offen war, indem wir durch die Straßen zogen und mit anhaltendem Lobpreis die Atmosphäre nachhaltig veränderten. Persönlich glauben wir, in eine geistliche Dimension vorgedrungen zu sein, die trotz der Umstände etwas freigesetzt und erneuert hat. Indem Jesu Licht die Dunkelheit erhellte und durch seine Liebe und Autorität Hoffnung und Zuversicht ausgestrahlt wurde. Matthäus 9.35-38 Azorendreieck Wir möchten uns für die Gebete um einen neuen Missionar auf den Inseln Faial, Pico uns St. Georg danken. Gott sei Dank wurde nach langem Abwarten ein Diener Gottes gefunden, der auf dem Herzen hat das Werk weiterzuführen. Bitte betet für einen guten Übergang im Januar nächsten Jahres. Missionsauto Einige Freunde und Geschwister haben uns gefragt, wie es um die Anschaffung des neuen Missionsautos steht. Bis jetzt sind ca. 65 % des angestrebten Betrages eingegangen, wofür wir sehr dankbar sind. Jeder Einzelne, der bereits gespendet hat und jede Gemeinde, die gesammelt hat, berührt uns sehr und gilt unser herzlicher Dank! Um den Kriterien eines nützlichen und umweltgerechten Fahrzeuges zu entsprechen fehlen allerdings noch 7.000 €, und so hoffen wir, den Betrag möglichst bald zusammen zu bekommen. Herzlichen Dank für deine/eure Mühe im Voraus. Online Spenden – Mantei - Anschaffung Missionsfahrzeug (245) 10 Jahre Escolhas Cidade Es ist wirklich schon so weit: Das Werk Escolhas Cidade wird zehn Jahre alt. Um dieses bemerkenswerte Datum zu feiern veranstalten wir am 2. und 3. Dezember einen Festakt in Lissabon. Gemeinsam wollen wir in Dankbarkeit und Wertschätzung einen Blick darauf werfen, was es bedeutet, wenn Kinder und Jugendliche durch die Liebe Gottes etwas Positives empfangen, dass ein Lächeln in ihren Gesichtern und dauerhafte Veränderung im Leben mit sich bringt. Als Gastsprecher wird Pastor Andreas Timm zu uns kommen und es wird einen Livestream geben.
「新製品「Meta Quest 3」が1位・2位独占、23年10月に売れたVR・ARゴーグルTOP5 2023/11/17」 「BCNランキング」2023年10月1日から31日の日次集計データによると、VR・ARゴーグルのじつばい台数ランキングは以下の通りとなった。5位は、PICO 4 128GB（Pico Technology）4位は、PlayStation VR2CFIJ-17000（ソニー・インタラクティブエンタテインメント）3位は、スタンダードVRゴーグル(VRリモコンセット)VRG-M02RBK（エレコム）2位は、Meta Quest 3 512GB（Meta Platforms）1位は、Meta Quest 3 128GB（Meta Platforms）「BCNランキング」は、全国の主要家電量販店・ネットショップからパソコン本体、デジタル家電などのじつばいデータを毎日収集・集計しているPOSデータベースで、日本の店頭市場の約4割（パソコンの場合）をカバーしています。
MLB Awards NHL and NBA talk NFL WWE and AEW talk SPORTS GOOFS presented by Mr. Tortilla. Try the Famous 1-Carb Tortilla in Multigrain or Pico de Gallo! Listen to us on Podhero! Support the Goofs on Patreon. Sports Goofs' Social Media: Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Discord | TikTok Francisco's Social Media: Twitter | YouTube Andrew's Social Media: Twitter | Twitch Charles' Social Media: Twitter Goof States of America (40.5): California, Virginia, Florida, Washington, New Jersey, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, New York, Illinois, Arizona, Michigan, Indiana, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Georgia, Montana, Delaware, Alabama, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Kentucky, Rhode Island, Utah, Kansas, Maryland, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Iowa, Colorado, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, New Mexico, Hawaii, District of Columbia, Oklahoma Goof World Order (57): United States, India, Canada, Ireland, Vietnam, Germany, Nepal, Singapore, United Kingdom, France, Pakistan, Italy, Israel, Finland, Brazil, Malaysia, Japan, Egypt, Norway, Thailand, Kyrgyzstan, Croatia, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Belize, Morocco, Oman, Switzerland, Philippines, South Africa, Algeria, Australia, Bangladesh, Netherlands, New Zealand, Iran, Iraq, Bulgaria, Spain, Sri Lanka, Qatar, Portugal, Nicaragua, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, China, Seychelles, Sweden, Serbia, Indonesia, Poland, Lebanon, Tunisia, Republic of Lithuania, Czech Republic, Russia, Taiwan #MLB #NBA #NHL #NFL #NCAA #WWE #AEW --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/support
La mayor degradación de la conversación, sea pública o privada, es convertirse en una colección de tópicos. En todo caso, son inútiles para construir mensajes de campaña, como constató el fin de semana pasado la senadora Gálvez --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/fernando-dworak/message
El 13 de noviembre de 2023, la Fundación Rafael del Pino organizó el diálogo “El sueño de Europa: Anhelo utópico o realidad incontestable”, en el que intervino Timothy Garton Ash, catedrático de Estudios Europeos de la Universidad de Oxford, con motivo de la presentación en España de su libro “Europa, una historia personal”.
El 13 de noviembre de 2023, la Fundación Rafael del Pino organizó el diálogo “El sueño de Europa: Anhelo utópico o realidad incontestable”, en el que intervino Timothy Garton Ash, catedrático de Estudios Europeos de la Universidad de Oxford, con motivo de la presentación en España de su libro “Europa, una historia personal”.
Crush NHL and NBA talk NFL WWE and AEW talk SPORTS GOOFS presented by Mr. Tortilla. Try the Famous 1-Carb Tortilla in Multigrain or Pico de Gallo! Listen to us on Podhero! Support the Goofs on Patreon. Sports Goofs' Social Media: Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Discord | TikTok Francisco's Social Media: Twitter | YouTube Andrew's Social Media: Twitter | Twitch Charles' Social Media: Twitter Goof States of America (40.5): California, Virginia, Florida, Washington, New Jersey, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, New York, Illinois, Arizona, Michigan, Indiana, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Georgia, Montana, Delaware, Alabama, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Kentucky, Rhode Island, Utah, Kansas, Maryland, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Iowa, Colorado, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, New Mexico, Hawaii, District of Columbia, Oklahoma Goof World Order (57): United States, India, Canada, Ireland, Vietnam, Germany, Nepal, Singapore, United Kingdom, France, Pakistan, Italy, Israel, Finland, Brazil, Malaysia, Japan, Egypt, Norway, Thailand, Kyrgyzstan, Croatia, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Belize, Morocco, Oman, Switzerland, Philippines, South Africa, Algeria, Australia, Bangladesh, Netherlands, New Zealand, Iran, Iraq, Bulgaria, Spain, Sri Lanka, Qatar, Portugal, Nicaragua, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, China, Seychelles, Sweden, Serbia, Indonesia, Poland, Lebanon, Tunisia, Republic of Lithuania, Czech Republic, Russia, Taiwan #MLB #NBA #NHL #NFL #NCAA #WWE #AEW --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/sports-goofs/support
GFC - S09 EP438 حلقة العاب 00:03:13 | بكبكة عن :إختلاف معايير الحرق في الالعاب 00:18:56 | Marvel's Spider-Man 2 00:34:26 | Lies of P 00:49:09 | Kingdom Hearts III 01:05:43 | الاخبار 01:07:52 | اصدار اخر تحديث و توقف تطوير لعبه قوينت 01:10:01 | تصريح من فيل سبنسر بان اعاده احياء العاب اكتفجن القديمه سوف يستغرق بعض الوقت 01:11:17 | الالعاب القادمه لخدمه القيم باس 01:15:14 | سبايدر مان 2 هي اسرع حصرية بلايستيشن مبيعا حتى الان 01:18:10 | الاعلان عن متطلبات عتاد البي سي للعبه الان ويك 2 01:23:52 | لعبه سولت اند ساكرافايس 2 قادمه لستيم والسويتش 01:24:34 | الاعلان عن بطولة كأس العالم للرياضات الإلكترونية في صيف 2024 بالسعودية 01:27:59 | الألعاب القادمة لشهر اكتوبر: Cities: Skylines 2 (PC) - October 24 Metal Gear Solid: Master Collection Vol. 1 (PS5, PS4, Xbox Series X|S, Switch, PC) - October 24 Scene Investigators (PC) - October 24 The Lords of the Rings: Return to Moria (PC) - October 24 Vertigo 2 (PSVR 2) - October 24 Taimanin RPG Ecstasy (PC, iOS, Android) - October 25 Bahnsen Knights (PS5, PS4, Xbox Series X|S, Xbox One, Switch, PC) - October 26 Frog Detective: The Entire Mystery (PS5, PS4, Xbox Series X|S, Xbox One, Switch) - October 26 Ghostbusters: Rise of the Ghost Lord (Quest 2, PSVR 2) - October 26 Ghostrunner 2 (PS5, Xbox Series X|S, PC) - October 26 Journey to Foundation (PSVR 2, Quest 2, Pico 4) - October 26 Legacy (PC) - October 26 Alan Wake 2 (PS5, Xbox Series X|S, PC) - October 27 Desolatium (PS5, PS4, Xbox Series X|S, Xbox One, Switch) - October 27 UFC 5 (PS5, Xbox Series X|S) - October 27 ------------------------ مونتاج: محمد سنيد twitter.com/M_50_Q ------------------------ متجر خيوط لطباعة ثلاثية الابعاد استخدم كود التخفيض للحصول على الخصم GeekFully www.khout3d.com/ ------------------------ يمكنكم التواصل معنا https://twitter.com/gfullyc https://instagram.com/gfullyc/ https://soundcloud.com/gfullyc https://www.twitch.tv/gfullyc https://www.youtube.com/c/GFullyC https://www.tiktok.com/@gfullyc https://l.jaco.live/rKqo6jI https://kick.com/gfullyc ------------------------ المتواجدون في الحلقة: عبدالله الشريف twitter.com/3rdeen رعد حبال twitter.com/ThunderGear75 محمد الصالحي twitter.com/iM7me حسام الجهني twitter.com/foxsoul22
本期嘉宾：彭林、森森、十天、老郑、恺伦本期节目的主要内容有：· 关于 Apple Watch S9，我们还有什么没说的？· 关于苹果 M3 上手，我们还有什么没说的？· 关于天玑 9300，我们还有什么没说的？· 12.9 英寸 Mini LED 屏幕 iPad Pro 或将于明年停产· 联发科发布天玑 9300· iQOO 12 系列发布· 字节跳动 PICO 回应「裁员 80%」传闻· OpenAI 发布 GPT 4 新版本还有众多网友的热心提问~每周五晚 8 点，爱否直播间，我们一起开心聊天~
Get ready for an electrifying journey on the Manufacturing Culture Podcast, brought to you by the fantastic team at Speroni! This episode, hosted by the ever-curious and engaging Jim Mayer, features a powerhouse of the manufacturing world – Ryan Kuhlenbeck, the visionary co-founder and CEO of Pico MES. In a world where digital technology is rapidly transforming the manufacturing landscape, Ryan stands at the forefront, navigating through challenges and leading the charge toward a brighter, more connected future. He shares his riveting story from his early days in automotive manufacturing to spearheading Pico MES, a beacon of innovation in digital manufacturing technology. Dive deep into the heart of what makes Pico MES tick – from its mission to bridge the digital divide for small to midsize manufacturers to the transformative company culture that propels them forward. Ryan's insights into their unique hiring process, the embrace of technological evolution, and the power of cultural shifts will leave you inspired and ready to think differently about the manufacturing world. The episode crescendos with Ryan's invaluable advice on the art of continuous improvement and the strategic importance of laying solid foundations for lasting benefits in the manufacturing industry. A must-listen for those eager to catch a glimpse of manufacturing's future, where culture and technology intertwine to create something truly spectacular! Sponsored by Speroni: Leaders in tool presetting and measuring systems. Connect with Ryan Kuhlenbeck on LinkedIn
Preparados para uma experiência única?! Nossa cliente sorteada teve a oportunidade de receber uma leitura exclusiva do seu Mapa Arquetípico, conduzida pela Dra. Mabel. Neste episódio especial, você será levado a uma jornada de autoconhecimento enquanto a Dra. Mabel interpreta e analisa um Mapa regido pelo Arquétipo do Mestre. Descubra como o Mapa Arquetípico revela virtudes, desafios e caminhos para a evolução pessoal, e veja como essa leitura proporciona uma compreensão mais profunda do eu interior. Não perca essa oportunidade de se inspirar e aprender com esta análise autêntica e reveladora.
Dr. Christina Prevett // #LeadershipThursday // www.ptonice.com In today's episode of the PT on ICE Daily Show, ICE faculty member Christina Prevett emphasizes the crucial role of understanding statistics in making clinically relevant decisions. While staying up to date with the literature and being evidence-based are often emphasized in healthcare, Christina points out that it is not enough if one lacks the ability to comprehend the meaning of statistics and their application in a clinical setting. Christina acknowledges that interpreting statistics can be challenging, even for individuals with a PhD and experience in the field. This understanding leads the host to empathize with clinicians who may find statistics intimidating. It is recognized that being evidence-informed and evidence-based requires clinicians to possess the skills to understand and interpret the data they encounter. To make statistics more clinically relevant, Christina suggests utilizing systematic reviews and meta-analyses as tools for interpretation. Specifically, she delves into the interpretation of a forest plot, which graphically represents the results of a meta-analysis. By understanding how to interpret and analyze the data presented in systematic reviews and meta-analyses, clinicians can determine if the findings are significant enough to drive changes in their practice. Christina also highlights the importance of considering clinical relevance when interpreting statistical findings. The concept of the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is introduced, which refers to the smallest change in an outcome measure that is considered clinically meaningful. An example is given of a statistically significant improvement in a timed up-and-go (TUG) test, but it is explained that it may not be clinically relevant if it does not meet the MCID for the TUG. Take a listen to the podcast episode or read the full transcription below. If you're looking to learn more about courses designed to start your own practice, check out our Brick by Brick practice management course or our online physical therapy courses, check out our entire list of continuing education courses for physical therapy including our physical therapy certifications by checking out our website. Don't forget about all of our FREE eBooks, prebuilt workshops, free CEUs, and other physical therapy continuing education on our Resources tab. EPISODE TRANSCRIPTION INTRODUCTION Hey everyone, this is Alan. Chief Operating Officer here at ICE. Before we get started with today's episode, I want to talk to you about VersaLifts. Today's episode is brought to you by VersaLifts. Best known for their heel lift shoe inserts, VersaLifts has been a leading innovator in bringing simple but highly effective rehab tools to the market. If you have clients with stiff ankles, Achilles tendinopathy, or basic skeletal structure limitations keeping them from squatting with proper form and good depth, a little heel lift can make a huge difference. VersaLifts heel lifts are available in three different sizes and all of them add an additional half inch of h drop to any training shoe, helping athletes squat deeper with better form. Visit www.vlifts.com/icephysio or click the link in today's show notes to get your VersaLifts today. CHRISTINA PREVETTGood morning everybody and welcome to the PT on ICE daily show. My name is Christina Prevett. I am one of the lead faculty in our geriatric and pelvic health divisions. So usually you're seeing me on Monday and Wednesday, but today I'm putting on my PhD research hat to talk a little bit about statistics, which I know sounds really boring, but I promise I'm gonna make it really exciting. But before we do that, we have a couple of courses that are coming up across our divisions. So MMOA is in Wappinger's Falls, NY this weekend. Extremity Management is on the road in Woodstock, Georgia. And Cervical Spine is heading to Bridgewater, Massachusetts. And so if you are looking to get in some Con Ed before the end of the year, we still have a couple of opportunities across all of our different divisions. And so I encourage you to go to ptinice.com and take a look at some of those opportunities. Okay, so a little bit about my kind of hat outside of working with ice is that I recently finished my PhD at McMaster University at the end of this year. I just announced that I'm doing a part-time postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Alberta looking at resistance training and its interaction with pregnancy and pelvic floor function. BUMPING INTO STATISTICS What that means is that I am bumping into statistics all the time. And I'm going to like kind of start this off and say, I've been asked to do some webinars and things around statistics for the ice crew for a while. And to be honest, it's been really intimidating for me to do that, despite the fact that, you know, I have a PhD and I'm interacting with this stuff all the time. Um, statistics is hard and, you know, discussing statistics in a way that makes sense is also challenging. And when I reflect on that and the fact that you know, I feel uncomfortable sometimes with interpretation and you know, I did a part-time PhD for seven years and I'm in a postdoctoral position. I recognize how challenging it can be for clinicians. And, you know, we get told all the time, like, you know, stay evidence-informed, like it's important to be evidence-based. It's important to stay up to date with the literature. But your ability to stay up to date with the literature is only as good as your capacity to understand what it is trying to tell you. And I mean that in the best way possible, that it is so tough for us to gain insights from what the statistics mean into what is clinically relevant for us to understand and be able to bring into our clinics. So today I'm trying to take our statistics and make them clinically relevant to you. SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS WITH META-ANALYSIS One of the first ways that I want to do that, and if you like this type of podcast please let me know, and I'll do more, is around the systematic review and meta-analysis and then trying to kind of deep dive into interpreting a forest plot. So when we're thinking about a systematic review, this is the highest level of evidence when we have a systematic review of intervention or prospective studies. When we take a systematic review, we ask a very specific question. And I'm going to use the example, I'm working on a systematic review right now on resistance training and pregnancy. And I'm going to take some of that to make this relevant to how this happens. This is where we're trying to get an idea of the state of the literature. So we use a PICO format, which is the population that we're trying to look at. So in this case, it's individuals who are pregnant. The intervention is what you are trying to see if there's a positive or negative benefit or whatever that exposure may be. And that for me is resistance training. The comparison group is to usual obstetrical care. And then the outcomes, we are looking at fetal delivery, pregnancy, and pelvic floor-related outcomes. So we're looking at the investigation of resistance training on incidents of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, rights of cesarean section, the size of babies, and babies more likely to be too big or too small. What does their birth weight look like? How long are they pregnant? And then are they at increased risk for things like urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, diastasis recti, or pelvic girdle pain? So that's kind of the format of a systematic review we're trying to answer a very specific question. From there, we go to the literature and we want to make sure that we encompass as much literature as we can. in our search strategy. So that is usually why you'll see a list of PubMed and OVID, CINAHL, Sports Discus, like these types of different big searching platforms that are looked at. And then you're going to get a Prisma plot that you're going to see in the first figure. And that kind of describes a person's search strategy. So how many hits were given when this search was done? How many were excluded because of duplicates? How many were excluded from the title and abstract because they were done in rats instead of in humans? Or they were looking at an acute effect of resistance training versus being on a resistance training program like you're going to have a lot of those that are excluded. And then you're going to have kind of what is included in your systematic review, and then what is included in your meta-analysis if a meta-analysis is indicated or possible. When we're looking at a systematic review, we're looking at a qualitative synthesis. And what we mean by that is that we're trying to figure out, you know, where the state of the literature is. And when I'm reporting on something like the systematic review portion of a paper, You're seeing things like, you know, how many studies were done in resistance training in pregnancy? How long were those interventions? Were they done in the same cohort of individuals? What was, how many of them were statistically significant? What was the dosage of that intervention? Those are things that kind of come under the systematic review umbrella. But I would say really now the emphasis is being placed on the meta-analysis and that is the quantitative combination of these studies and that is what gives us this forest plot. So when we are going through and doing a meta-analysis, there are a couple of things that we need to make decisions on very early on. So the first thing is on a random or a fixed effects model. This is kind of getting into the weeds, but almost all papers are going to be a random effects model, which means that we're going to expect some variability in the population that we are working with, and we're going to account for that variability in the calculations that we're using for our forest plot. PRIORI SUBGROUP ANALYSES The second thing that we are looking at is a priori subgroup analysis. And so I'm going to use my research study to describe this. Before going into this meta-analysis and putting this forest plot together, we have to brainstorm around where possible sources of skew or bias would come into a forest plot. For example, in the resistance training intervention, it would be very different when we have resistance training in isolation versus resistance training as a component of a multi-component program. And so one of our subgroups analyses a priori we discussed was that we were going to subgroup studies that were only resistance training compared to our big meta-analysis, which included our resistance training in isolation or as a multi-pronged program. Another example in our systematic review is that some of our studies were on individuals with low risk at inception into the papers versus those that were brought into the study because they were diagnosed with a complication like gestational diabetes. we could think that the influence of resistance training on a person who has not been diagnosed with gestational diabetes versus those who have could be different. And so we did a secondary subgroup analysis where we looked at the differences between studies that looked at only individuals with gestational diabetes versus those that didn't. And so when you are looking at a forest plot, you will see the big analysis at the top, including all of the different studies. And then after that, you will see different subgroups where there's a repeater of what was in the main group, but it's a subsection of the included studies. And that's what we see. And then we try to see, you know, is resistance training and isolation positively associated with a benefit? versus multi-component or is there no difference and that gives us a lot of information too? So that's that subgroup analysis. Then you go into the results of the paper and there is a forest plot that is there and this forest plot has a bunch of different names of studies It has the total number of incidences and the weight. It has a confidence interval with a number around it. And then on the right-hand side, there's like dots with lots of lines and then a big thick dot at the bottom. I'm trying to explain this to our podcast listeners so that you can kind of understand. And I hope you're kind of thinking of a study in your mind that you have seen in the past. But we're going to kind of explain each of these different things. Okay, so when we're looking at what we are trying to find, it is going to depend if we are looking at a dichotomous variable like did gestational hypertension get diagnosed or not? And if it is a dichotomous variable, what we're looking at is an odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval. So if we are thinking that no difference between usual care and resistance training is one, then a reduction in risk for gestational hypertension with resistance training would be an odds ratio that is less than one. When it is less than one, it becomes statistically significant when the 95% confidence interval encompasses all numbers less than one. When the confidence interval, say for example, our odds ratio is 0.8, we can say that there is a 20% reduction in risk, because a one minus 0.8, of getting gestational hypertension because of resistance training. I'm making these numbers up. But that is only statistically significant if the confidence interval is 0.7 to 0.9. then we can say there's a statistically significant reduction in risk for gestational hypertension with resistance training in this systematic review of this meta-analysis. Where we cannot say it's statistically significant is if the odds ratio is 0.8 and the 95% confidence interval is 0.6 to 1.2. That crossing of one means that there is a higher likelihood that there is that variation is because of chance and not because of a true difference. And so what you see is that when you're looking at the odds ratio, the combination of all of those odds ratios from the individual studies are then pooled in that bolded line at the bottom of the forest plot to give us the confidence that we have based on all of the studies combined, that there is a true effect of resistance training in this example on gestational hypertension. I-SQUARED HETEROGENEITY The other kind of statistic that we're looking at is the I-squared statistic or the amount of heterogeneity. So when you're looking at that forest plot and you're seeing all the dots and those lines, the heterogeneity is basically saying how close are those dots? How much spread is there in those dots? And so if the heterogeneity is low, we can say that not only did we have a statistically significant result, but across all of the studies, we tended to see a trend in the same direction. So it allows us to have more strength and confidence in the results that we are getting. If we see a high amount of heterogeneity, so like there are some that are like really favoring control and saying that resistance training is bad for gestational hypertension, and then some are having really positive effects of gestational hypertension on resistance training, that I square statistic would be high, and then we would probably have to be doing more evaluation, and that's where we would rely really heavily on the subgroup and say, Well, is there certain subpopulations of this group that are skewing the data in one way or the other where their results may be different than the results of other individuals? And so that gives us a bit more information. So the odds ratio is when we're looking at the presence of an event and it's a binary variable of yes, this exposure exists or no, this exposure didn't. When we are looking at continuous variables, we are looking at like a time on an outcome measure, like the time to up and go, we are looking at a mean difference score between resistance training and a control. So the mean difference is going to be in the measurement of the outcome measure that we are looking at. So the target would be seconds. So then from the pool, it would be plus, Six seconds or mine I guess minus six seconds would be in favor of resistance training and that your tug score is six seconds less in a resistance training arm than a control arm or if it goes against resistance training it would be plus six and Again, we're looking at that 95% confidence interval. That average, that mean difference is also something that we would push against what our clinically relevant difference is. So we may see something that's statistically significant at a two-second improvement, but we know that the MCID for the TUG is four seconds. So while yes, it's statistically significant, it may not be a clinically relevant finding. So that's kind of where we build in clinical relevance. And then again, we look at that 95% confidence interval, see what that spread looks like, and look at that I squared statistic. Where it gets a little bit more complicated is when we have things that are measuring the same thing, but measuring it in a different way. So an example in the systematic review that I did on resistance training and lower extremity strength is that there are a lot of different ways for us to measure lower extremity strength. Some people may use an estimated one rep max, and Some people may use a five-time sit-to-stand as a conduit for functional strength training. Some people may use a dynamometer for knee extensor strength. There's a lot of different ways for us to do that. We can still do a meta-analysis on this, but what we have to do is transform all of those variables into one type of measure. And that's when we would see something called a standardized mean difference, an SMD. And in that SMD, we're essentially taking the impacts of all these different types of measurements that are telling us the same information and putting it into an effect size. And so the effect size gives us the amount of confidence that we can see in the influence of the intervention resistance training on the outcome of lower extremity strength. So an effect size using Cohen's d statistic would be that less than 2 is no effect, 2 to 5 is a moderate or minimal effect, 5 to 0.8 is a moderate effect, and 0.8 and above is a large effect. And so in my systematic review on lower extremity strength and resistance training in individuals with mobility disability, we saw a standardized mean difference of 3, which means that we can be really confident there was a large influence of resistance training on the development of lower extremity strength. So kind of pulling this all together, I know I threw a lot at you. When you were looking at the forest plot, you were looking at trends in the data that are pooling all of the different intervention studies, looking at the same construct and looking at the same outcome. When we are looking at the odds ratio, this is a binary variable. There's going to be a 95% confidence interval. And the pooled odds ratio that we look at with respect to making decisions is that bolded number at the bottom. Our I-squared statistic gives us an idea of the spread of the data and the results that we see. When we are looking at continuous variables, you're going to see either a mean difference or a standardized mean difference. The mean difference is reported in the measurement of the outcome measure that we're talking about. So it could be seconds, it could be points. A standardized mean difference is an effect size where we are transforming multiple different outcome measures into one output that's pooling these things together, but we have to do it in a standardized metric that looks at the magnitude of the effect of that outcome. So how do we think about this clinically? Well, the first thing is that we need to understand where these effect sizes are and if they are significant. And then we have to put it through the filter of, is this clinically relevant? When we have something that isn't statistically significant, the next thing to do is go into the methods and say, you know, was this dose appropriate? Was this done in the way that I would do this? And can I be confident that the interaction between what I would do in the clinic and what was done in these studies is significant enough for me to drive changes in my practice? All right, I hope you found that helpful. I'm at 18 minutes, I knew I would. But if you have any other questions about statistics and how to interpret them, please let me know. It's really important that we know how to understand the data that we're being presented with because that's how we're gonna change our clinical decisions based on what we are seeing. All right, have a wonderful afternoon, everyone. I promise hopefully I didn't stress your brain out by talking about math too much and hopefully, this was helpful and we can do it again sometime. OUTRO Hey, thanks for tuning in to the PT on Ice daily show. If you enjoyed this content, head on over to iTunes and leave us a review, and be sure to check us out on Facebook and Instagram at the Institute of Clinical Excellence. If you're interested in getting plugged into more ice content on a weekly basis while earning CEUs from home, check out our virtual ice online mentorship program at ptonice.com. 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if you got a Pi 5 (https://www.adafruit.com/product/5812) and you want to log in or debug without ssh'ing or using a monitor and keyboard - there's now a super fast and easy way to get into the UART console - thanks to the new JST SH 3-pin 'UART' port nestled between the HDMI connectors. Use your Pico Probe (https://www.adafruit.com/product/5699) and connect the 3-pin cable to the 'U' port - the probe board will appear as a COM/serial port, and you can open it up with any terminal program. we love using it for kernel debugging because the connection stays open between reboots and you'll get all messages directly printed, plus the early boot messages...even ones before the firmware is loaded or the display comes up. Visit the Adafruit shop online - http://www.adafruit.com ----------------------------------------- LIVE CHAT IS HERE! http://adafru.it/discord Subscribe to Adafruit on YouTube: http://adafru.it/subscribe New tutorials on the Adafruit Learning System: http://learn.adafruit.com/ -----------------------------------------
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You can also subscribe to the free tier below:WhoBen Wilcox, President and General Manager of Cranmore Mountain Resort, New HampshireRecorded onOctober 16, 2023About CranmoreClick here for a mountain stats overviewOwned by: The Fairbank GroupLocated in: North Conway, New HampshireYear founded: 1937Pass affiliations: NoneReciprocal partners: 1 day each at Jiminy Peak and BromleyClosest neighboring ski areas: Attitash (:16), Black Mountain (:18), King Pine (:28), Wildcat (:28), Pleasant Mountain (:33), Bretton Woods (:42)Base elevation: 800 feetSummit elevation: 2,000 feetVertical drop: 1,200 feetSkiable Acres: 170 acresAverage annual snowfall: 80 inchesTrail count: 56 (15 most difficult, 25 intermediate, 16 easier)Lift count: 7 (1 high-speed quad, 1 fixed-grip quad, 2 triples, 1 double, 2 carpets)Why I interviewed himNowhere does a high-speed quad transform the texture and fate of a mountain so much as in New England. Western mountains, geographically dispersed and disposed to sunshine, can still sell you a ride on a 1,700-vertical-foot fixed grip triple, as Montana Snowbowl did with their new Transporter lift last year, and which Mt. Spokane has promised to do should the ski area ever upgrade its Jurassic Riblets. Midwest hills are too short for lift speed to matter as anything other than a novelty.But in the blustery, frenetic East, a single detachable lift can profoundly alter a ski area's reach and rap. Such lifts have proven to be stabilizing mechanisms at Burke, Gunstock, Ragged, Bromley, and Saddleback – mountains without the terrain or marketing heft of their much-larger neighbors. In each case, one high-speed quad (and a sixer at Ragged), cracked the mountain open to the masses, uniting all or most of the terrain with one six-minute lift ride and, often, stabilizing operations that had struggled for decades.Cranmore is one such mountain. Had the Skimobile Express quad not gone up in 1995, Wilcox tells us on the podcast, he's not so sure that the ski area hanging over North Conway would have gotten out of the last century alive. A “dark period” followed the Skimobile's 1990 demolition, Wilcox says, during which Cranmore, tottering along on a double chair strung to the summit, fell behind its high-dollar, high-energy, rapidly consolidating competitors. The Skimobile had been pokey and inefficient, but at least it was freighted with nostalgia. At least it was novel. At least it was cool. An old double chair was just an old double chair, and local skiers had lost interest in those when high-speed lifts started rising up the New England mountainsides in the late 1980s.It's true that a handful of New England ski areas continue to rely on antique doubles: Smugglers' Notch, Magic, Black Mountain in New Hampshire, Mt. Abram. But Smuggs delivers 300 inches of snow per winter and a unique, sprawling terrain network. The rest are improbable survivors. Magic sat idle for half the ‘90s. We nearly lost Black earlier this month. All anybody knows about Mt. Abram is that it's not Sunday River.The Skimobile Express did not, by itself, save Cranmore. If such a lift were such a magic trick, then we'd still be skiing the top of Ascutney today (yes Uphill Bro I know you still are). But the lift helped. A lot.There is a tendency among skiers to conflate history with essence. As though a ski area, absent the trappings of its 1930s or ‘40s or ‘50s origins, loses something. These same skiers, however, do not rip around on 240s clapped to beartrap bindings or ski in top hats and mink shawls. Cranmore could not simply be The Ski Area With The Skimobile forever and ever. Not after every other ski area in New England, including Cranmore, had erected multiple chairlifts. There is a small market for such tricks. Mad River Glen can spin its single chair for 100 more years if the co-op ownership model holds up. But that is a rowdy, rugged hunk of real estate, 2,000 feet of nasty, a place where being uncomfortable is half the point. Cranmore… is not.So Cranmore changed. It is now a nice, modern, mid-sized New England ski area, with a 1,200-foot vertical drop and a hotel at the base. More important, it is an 86-year-old New England ski area, one that began in the era when guys named Harv and Mel and Bob and Jenkins showed up with a hacksaw and a 12-pack and started building a lift-served snowskiing operation, and transitioned into a new identity suited to a new world. Wilcox, with his grasp of the resort's sprawling, mad history, is a capable ambassador to tell us how they did it.What we talked aboutThe new Fairbank base lodge; what Cranmore found when they tore down the old lodge; the future of Zip's Pub; who the lodge is named after; the base lodge redevelopment plan; what happened when the Fairbanks purchased Cranmore; North Conway; traffic; Bretton Woods; Booth Creek; Cranmore pride; “if [the Skimobile Express] hadn't gone in in the mid-90s, I'm not sure if we'd still be here”; the Skimobile Express upgrade and why Cranmore didn't replace it with a new lift; the history of America's Zaniest lift, the original Skimobile; why Cranmore ultimately demolished the structure; potential upgrades for Lookout; the long-rumored but never-built Blackcap expansion; the glory and grind of southern exposure; night skiing; what happened when Vail came to town; competing against discount Epic Passes; why the days of car-counting are over; the history and logic behind the White Mountain Super Pass and the Sun and Snow Pass; Black Mountain; staffing up when your biggest rival raises minimum wage to $20 an hour; and whether Cranmore has considered a Jiminy Peak-esque wind turbine.Why I thought that now was a good time for this interviewThe Fairbank Group did something unsung and brilliant over the past two years. While major resorts across the continent razed and replaced first-generation detachables at a per-project cost approaching or exceeding double-digit millions, Cranmore (which Fairbank owns), and Bromley (which they operate), modernized in a more modest way. Rather than tearing down the high-speed quads that act as base-to-summit people-movers for each ski area, they gut-renovated them. For around $1 million per lift, Bromley's Sun Mountain Express and Cranmore's Skimobile Express got new, modern drives, comms lines, safety systems, and more. The result: two essentially brand-new lifts with three-plus decades of good life ahead of them.Skiers may not see it that way, and most won't even know about the upgrades. The aesthetics, mostly, remain unchanged. But for independent ski area operators knocked into eyes-bulging terror as they see price quotes for a Double Clutch Z-Link Awesomeness 42-passenger Express Lift, the Fairbank model offers an approachable alternative. Knock down the walls, but keep the building intact, a renovation rather than a rebuild.Boyne does this all the time, mostly with lifts the company is relocating: the Kanc quad at Loon becomes the Seven Brothers quad; Big Sky's Swift Current quad becomes Sugarloaf's Bucksaw Express; Sunday River's Jordan quad is, someday, maybe, supposedly going to land at Pleasant Mountain. Sugarloafers may grumble on their message boards about getting a used quad while Sunday River erects its second D-Line bubble lift in two years, but, as Loon President/GM Brian Norton told me about the Seven Brothers upgrade on the podcast last year, the effect of such projects are that skiers get “a new lift… you won't recognize it.” Other than the towers and the chairs, the machine parts of these machines really are brand new.Cranmore and its sister resorts have found a different way to sustainably operate, is my point here. The understated chairlift upgrades are just one expression of this. But both operate, remember, in impossible neighborhoods. Bromley is visible from almost any point on Alterra-owned Stratton, Southern Vermont's Ikon Pass freight train. Cranmore sits just down the road from Vail-owned Attitash and Wildcat, both of which are larger, and both of which share a pass – which, by the way, is less expensive than Cranmore's – with each other and with their 20 or 50 or 60 best friends, depending upon how Epic you want your winter to be. The local lift-served skiing market is so treacherous that Black Mountain, less than 11 miles north of Cranmore and in continuous operation since 1935, was saved from permanent closure last week only when Indy Pass called in the cavalry.Yet, Cranmore thrives. Wilcox says that season pass sales continue to increase every year. Going into year five of Northeast-specific Epic Pass offerings and year six of the Ikon Pass, that's an amazing statistic. Cranmore's pass is not cheap. The early-bird adult price for the 2023-24 ski season came in at $775. It's currently $1,139. For a 1,200-vertical-foot mountain in a state full of 2,000-footers, with just one high-speed lift in a neighborhood where Sunday River runs five, statistical equivalencies quickly fail any attempt to explain this momentum.So what does explain it? Perhaps it's the resort's massive, ongoing base area renovation that landed a new hotel and lodge onsite within the past year. Perhaps it's consumer habit and proximity to North Conway, looming, as the mountain does, over town. Perhaps it's the approachable, just-right size of the mountain or, for families, the fact that all trails funnel back to a single base. Perhaps it's the massive seasonal youth and race programs. It is, most likely, a combination of all of these things, as well as atmospheric intangibles and managerial competence.Whatever it is, Cranmore shows us that a pathway exists for a Very Good Mountain to thrive in the megapass era without being a direct party to it. It's worth noting that Black, which nearly failed, is a fifth-year member of Indy Pass, which Cranmore has declined to join. While this conversation with Wilcox does not exactly explain how the mountain has been so successful even as it sidesteps megatrends, it's easy enough to appreciate, as you listen to his passion for and appreciation of the place, why it does.What I got wrongI noted that the Skimobile Express quad had been upgraded “last year, or maybe the year before.” Cranmore completed the lift overhaul in 2022.I referred to Vail's Northeast Value Epic Pass as the “Northeast Local Pass.”Why you should ski CranmoreThe New England Ski Safari is not quite the social media meme that it is in the big-mountain West, where Campervan Karl and Bearded Bob document their season-long adventures over switchbacking passes with their trusty dog, Labrador Larry. Alta/Snowbird to Jackson to Big Sky to Sun Valley to Tahoe with a sickness Brah. Hella wicked rad. Six weeks and 16 storms, snowshovels in the roof box and Larry pouncing through snow in IG Stories.Distance is not such an obstacle in the East. New England crams 100 ski areas into a six-state region half the size of Montana (which is home to just 17, two of which it shares with Idaho). Between pow runs we can just… go home. But the advent of the megapass in the Northeast over the past decade has enabled this sort of resort-hopping adventure. Options abound:* Epic Pass gives you three of Vermont's largest ski areas (Okemo, Mount Snow, Stowe); one of New England's best ski areas (also Stowe); and four stops in New Hampshire, three of which (Mount Sunapee, Wildcat, and Attitash), are sizeable. Crotched gives you night skiing.* Ikon Pass delivers four of New England's biggest, best, and most complete ski areas: Killington, Sugarbush, Sunday River, and Sugarloaf; as well as two of its best lift systems (Stratton and Loon – yes, I know the gondolas are terrible at both); and a sleepy bomber in Pico.* Indy Pass gives you perhaps New England's best ski area (Jay Peak); three other mountains that stack up favorably with anything on Epic or Ikon (Waterville Valley, Cannon, Saddleback); and a stack of unheralded thumpers where light crowds and great terrain collide (Black Mountain of Maine, Black Mountain NH, Magic, Bolton Valley, Berkshire East); and a bunch of family-friendly bumps (Whaleback, Dartmouth Skiway, Pats Peak, Saskadena Six, Mohawk, Catamount, Bigrock).Hit any of those circuits, and you're bound for a good winter. So why tack on an extra? Cranmore is one of the few large New England independents (along with Bretton Woods, Smugglers' Notch, Mad River Glen, Bromley), to so far decline megapass membership. That makes it a tricker sell to the rambling resort-hopper.But this is not Colorado. You can score a Cranmore lift ticket for as little as $65 on select Sundays, even in mid-winter, (including, as of this writing, the always raucous St. Patrick's Day). If you're skiing Attitash and staying in North Conway, you can roll up to Cranmore starting at 2 p.m. on Wednesday or Saturday for a $69 night-ski and some pre-dinner turns.And it's worth the visit. This is a very good ski mountain. The stats undersell the place. It skis and feels big. The fall lines are sustained and excellent. Glades are more abundant than the trailmap suggests. The grooming is outstanding. It faces south – a not unimportant feature in often-frigid New England.Even if you're megapass Bro (and who among us is not?), this one fits right into the circuit, close to Attitash, Black, Wildcat, Cannon, Loon, Waterville. It's easy to ski multiple New England mountains on a single trip, or even in a single day. The last time I skied Cranmore, I cranked through 17 high-speed laps in three hours and then bumped over to Pleasant Mountain, half an hour down the road.Podcast NotesOn Hans SchneiderHenry Dow Gibson, who New England Ski History refers to as an “international financier” founded Cranmore in 1937, but it was Austrian ski instructor Hannes Schneider who institutionalized the place. Per New England Ski History:Hannes Schneider was born on June 24, 1890 in Stuben, a small town west of Arlberg Pass in Austria. At the age of 8, Schneider started skiing on makeshift skis.While becoming a renowned skier in his teenage years, Schneider developed the Arlberg technique. The Arlberg technique quickly caught on, resulting in Schneider becoming in demand for demonstrations, films, and military training.Following Nazi Germany taking Austria in the Anschluss, Schneider was imprisoned March 12, 1938.In January of 1937, international financier Harvey Gibson purchased land on Cranmore Mountain in Conway with the aim to make North Conway a winter destination. Two years later, after lawyer Karl Rosen managed to transfer Schneider from prison to house arrest, Gibson leveraged his firm's German holdings and negotiated with Heinrich Himmler to get Schneider and his family released from Germany and transported to the United States. Following a massive welcoming party in North Conway in February of 1939, Schneider took over Cranmore and worked quickly to make it one of the best known ski areas in the country.One of Schneider's first big decisions at Cranmore was to expand lift service to the summit, which was accomplished during his first full season when the upper section of the Skimobile was installed. With top to bottom Skimobile coverage, Cranmore was second only to Cannon's tram in terms of continuous lift served vertical drop in New England.With the onset of World War II, Hannes was reportedly involved in the training and providing intelligence for United States and British ski troops. His son Herbert served in the 10th Mountain Division during World War II, earning a Bronze Star for his heroic actions in Italy. Following the war, Herbert returned to North Conway to work for his father.In 1949, Hannes Schneider was hired to oversee construction of the new Blue Hills ski area outside of Boston, Massachusetts. Schneider referred to the ski area was "Little Cranmore."In the spring of 1955, Schneider was actively working to open new terrain at Cranmore, serviced by its first chairlift. Following a day of laying out new terrain in what would become the East Bowl, Schneider died of a heart attack. Schneider's son Herbert assumed control of the Cranmore ski school and, circa 1963 started a two decade run as owner of the ski area.Schneider's name lives on at Cranmore, as a trail (Schneider in the East Bowl) and the annual Hannes Schneider Meister Cup Race.On the Fairbank GroupCranmore is owned by the Fairbank Group, whose chairman and namesake, Brian Fairbank, transformed Jiminy Peak from a Berkshires backwater into the glimmering modern heart of Massachusetts skiing. The company also operates Bromley (which is owned by Joseph O'Donnell), and owns a renewable energy operation (EOS Ventures), a ski industry e-learning platform (Bullwheel Productions), and a snowmaking outfit (Snowgun Technologies). For all this and more, including Jiminy Peak's early embrace of clean energy to power its operation, Brian Fairbank earned a spot in the Ski & Snowboard Hall of Fame in 2020. I hosted him on the podcast that autumn to discuss his career and achievements:On Booth Creek Ski HoldingsIn an alternate universe, Booth Creek may stand today on Alterra's throne, Vail's foil in the Skico Wars. For a brief period in the late ‘90s, the company, founded by former Vail and Beaver Creek owner George Gillett Jr., owned eight ski areas across the United States: Cranmore, Loon, Waterville Valley, Grand Targhee, Summit at Snoqualmie, Bear Mountain (now part of Big Bear), Northstar, and Sierra-at-Tahoe. In 1998, the company attempted to purchase Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. But, as this summary chart from New England Ski History shows, Booth Creek began selling off resorts in the early 2000s. Today, it owns only Sierra-at-Tahoe:On the SkimobileHad Cranmore's monolithic Skimobile survived to the present day, most visitors would probably mistake it for a mountain coaster. When it went live, in 1938, skiers likely mistook it for the future. “Well, by gum, a contraption that just takes you right up the mountain while you sit on your heinie. This will change skiing forever!”Instead, the Skimobile, a two-track monster that toted skiers uphill in single-passenger carts, passed five decades as a beloved novelty before Cranmore demolished it in 1990. The New England ski diaspora is still sore about this. But imagine building a Great Wall of China vertically up your mountain. It would kind of make it hard for skiers, Patrol, groomers, etc. to move around the bump. And someone came up with a better idea called a “chairlift.” When the only feasible alternative was the ropetow, the Skimobile probably seemed like the greatest invention since electricity. But once the chairlift proliferated, the shortcomings of a tracked lift became obvious.The Skimobile rose Cranmore's full 1,200 vertical feet in two sections: the lower, built in 1938, and the upper, constructed the following year. Skiers had to disembark the first to take the second. Here's how they laid out in a circa 1951 trailmap:On the potential Black Cap expansionWilcox and I discussed Cranmore's long-proposed Black Cap expansion, which would give Cranmore a several-hundred-acre, several-hundred-vertical-foot boost off the backside. New England Ski History includes the following details in its short write-up of Black Cap:In 1951, Cranmore obtained an easement on 500 acres of land on Black Cap, a ledgy peak located to the east of the ski area. If the ski area were expanded to the top of Black Cap, Cranmore would see an increase of 700 vertical feet to 1,800 feet, making it the second highest in the Mount Washington Valley.Wilcox provides slightly different numbers, but doesn't rule out the possibility of this significant expansion at some future point. The current trailmap shows Black Cap looming in the background:The Storm explores the world of lift-served skiing year-round. Join us.The Storm publishes year-round, and guarantees 100 articles per year. This is article 91/100 in 2023, and number 477 since launching on Oct. 13, 2019. Want to send feedback? Reply to this email and I will answer (unless you sound insane, or, more likely, I just get busy). You can also email email@example.com. Get full access to The Storm Skiing Journal and Podcast at www.stormskiing.com/subscribe