Book Vs. Movie: La Cage Aux Folles & The BirdcageThe Original Film and Broadway Musical Vs. the 1996 FilmThe “Month of Musicals” continues with the 1996 film The Birdcage, which took its influence from the play turned into Broadway musical La Cage Aux Folles. The original 1973 french play takes place in Saint-Tropez, where a gay couple meets an ultra-conservative family member. It was a huge hit in Paris, playing for over a year in 1973, and was made into a film in 1978. Originally written by Jean Poiret, the original played in Paris for over 1800 performances with Poiret and Michell Serrault as the leads Georges and Albin, aka “Zaza.” The 1978 film had Italian actor Ugo Tognazzi as the lead playing Renato Baldi to Serrault's Albin. It played to art houses across America. Poiret wanted to film the American version of the film, so he refused to sell the rights to the play but had no problem selling it as a musical. Grease producer Allan Carr helped bring the project to Broadway as a musical, with Harvey Fierstein writing the book. Jerry Herman (Hello Dolly & Mame) was a revered lyricist and songwriter who provided the music. Director Arthur Laurents helped to make the 1983 production a massive success, with the song “I Am What I Am” becoming a gay anthem. It's important to remember what the culture was like in 1984, and having a gay married couple running a drag nightclub being the protagonists was a huge deal in the Queer community. The idea that 40 years later, we have to fight ugly stereotypes about gay people and drag culture is dispiriting, but we are allies who will sing the work's praises. AND point out the hypocrisy happening in the news cycles today. The original production won the 1984 Tony Awards for Best Musical, Best Book, Best Original Score, and in 2004, Best Revival of a Musical. (And in 2010 as well!) No less than comedy powerhouses Elaine May and Mike Nichols wrote and directed the 1996 filmed nonmusical adaptation, which stars Robin Williams and Nathan Lane as Arman and Albert Goldman. They run the most popular club in Miami and live with their housekeeper Agador (Hank Azaria). Their son Val (ugh--this character is the one bad spot in an otherwise joyous film) wants to marry his college girlfriend. Still, her parents are conservatives who fear his senate run will be badly affected by being associated with “that lifestyle.” (Some of this is dated and distressingly familiar.)Which did we like better between the previous versions of the story and the 1996 film? In this ep the Margos discuss:The backstory of La Cage Aux FollesThe era of the 80s and how gay people were played in pop cultureThe work of Nichols & MayThe cast of the 1996 Movie: Robin Williams (Armand,) Nathan Lane (Albert,) Gene Hackman (Senator Kevin Keeley,) Dianne Weist (Louise Keeley,) Dan Futterman (Val Goldman,) Calista Flockhart (Barbara Keeley,) Hank Aazaria (Agador Spartacus,) and Christine Baranski as Katharine Archer.The cast of the original Broadway show: George Hearn (Albin,) Gene Barry (Georges,) and John Weiner as Jean Michel.Clips used:Albert rehearses with ArmandThe Birdcage 1996 trailer George Hearn 1984 Tony Awards Awards “I Am What I Am”Albert rehearses with his “love goddess.”“Mrs. Coleman” shows upMusic: The Goldman Girls We Are Family Book Vs. Movie is part of the Frolic Podcast Network. Find more podcasts you will love Frolic.Media/podcasts. Join our Patreon page to help support the show! https://www.patreon.com/bookversusmovie Book Vs. Movie podcast https://www.facebook.com/bookversusmovie/Twitter @bookversusmovie www.bookversusmovie.comEmail us at email@example.com Margo D. @BrooklynMargo www.brooklynfitchick.com firstname.lastname@example.orgMargo P. @ShesNachoMama https://coloniabook.weebly.com/ Our logo was designed by Madeleine Gainey/Studio 39 Marketing Follow on Instagram @Studio39Marketing & @musicalmadeleine
https://www.linkedin.com/in/georges-bouille-1828883a/https://en.adwatis.com/https://www.lindalgroup.com/https://www.parispackagingweek.com/en/What is the future of aerosol packaging? How can we make this more sustainable? Why is collaboration the key to a sustainable future? https://ororapackagingsolutions.com/Looking to improve the sustainability of your packaging today? Check out: https://www.landsberg.com/The views and opinions expressed on the "Sustainable Packaging with Cory Connors" podcast are solely those of the author and guests and should not be attributed to any other individual or entity. https://specright.com/ https://www.amazon.com/dp/1329820053/ref=as_sl_pc_qf_sp_asin_til?tag=corygathttps://www.linkedin.com/in/cory-connors/I'm here to help you make your packaging more sustainable! Reach out today and I'll get back to you asap. This podcast is an independent production and the podcast production is an original work of the author. All rights of ownership and reproduction are retained—copyright 2022.
Passionate about bringing order to chaos, Jenny de St Georges takes to the global stage sharing her knowledge and experience with entrepreneurs, speakers and coaches to help them build and expand their businesses. Practical and creative, Jenny is guided through life and business to great success by her flexibility, authenticity, focus, passion and purpose. Using common sense and logic, Jenny, as a professional communicator, shines a spotlight on proactive creativity. KEY TAKEAWAY “It's a happy medium between being a risk-taker and making that leap of faith that maybe it's not going to be perfect compared to having perfection literally paralyse us.” BOOK RECOMMENDATION* Blink by Malcolm Gladwell - https://amzn.to/3ZJOYSi ABOUT JENNY After managing a dental practice for years, Jenny's speaking career exploded within dentistry when she shared her practice management approach. JdSG International Inc.'s team grew to fifteen before selling to a healthcare global player. Active in the National Speakers Association for years, she was invited to share her speaking skills and marketing expertise she uses in dentistry with fellow NSA speakers and coaches working in a wide range of markets. Jenny bases her speaking and coaching services on her ‘common-sense and logical' approach. Globally, Jenny continues to share her passion bringing order to chaos and being proactive in her management style. CONNECT WITH JENNY https://www.facebook.com/jennifer.destgeorges/ https://www.linkedin.com/in/jenniferdestgeorges/ https://twitter.com/deStGeorges https://jdsg.com/ ABOUT THE HOST - AMY ROWLINSON Amy is a Life Purpose Coach, Podcast Strategist, Top 1% Global Podcaster, Speaker and Mastermind Host. Amy works with individuals to improve productivity, engagement and fulfilment, to banish overwhelm, underwhelm and frustration and to welcome clarity, achievement and purpose. WORK WITH AMY Amy inspires and empowers entrepreneurial clients to discover the life they dream of by assisting them to focus on their WHY with clarity uniting their passion and purpose with a plan to create the life they truly desire. If you would to focus on your WHY or launch a purposeful podcast, then please book a free 20 min call via www.calendly.com/amyrowlinson/enquirycall KEEP IN TOUCH WITH AMY Sign up for the weekly Friday Focus - https://www.amyrowlinson.com/subscribe-to-weekly-newsletter CONNECT WITH AMY https://linktr.ee/AmyRowlinson HOSTED BY: Amy Rowlinson DISCLAIMER The views, thoughts and opinions expressed in this podcast belong solely to the host and guest speakers. Please conduct your own due diligence. *As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.
Ice hockey is often stereotyped as a white man's sport. In fact, USA Today claims that the National Hockey League is made up of only 3% non-white players. But today's guest helped pave the way to increase that percentage and get more men of color on the ice. Georges Laraque is a retired professional hockey player, Canadian sports commentator, author, and animal rights activist. In his 13 years in the NHL, Georges played 695 games, including 57 in the playoffs and two fighting for the Stanley Cup. Since making the switch in 2009, Georges has steadily contributed to the vegetarian and environmental movements in Montreal. In this episode, Alexandra and Dotsie speak with Georges about his journey to becoming one of the few men of color to play in the NHL and how shifting to a plant-based diet affected his life and understanding of justice. Tune in to hear more about Georges growing influence in the vegan, sports, and political communities. What we discuss in this episode: What it was like for Georges growing up as a man of color who wanted to play hockey in Montreal Georges's inspiration for pursuing a career in hockey How the documentary Earthlings encouraged Georges to shift to a plant-based diet How injustice toward animals is similar to other social inequalities Georges's effect on the NHL community and the plant-based industry as a whole after becoming vegan How Georges is breaking down stereotypes of veganism through public speaking Resources: George Laraque's Facebook - https://www.instagram.com/georges_laraque/ Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/georges_laraque/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/GeorgesLaraque YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/user/douly27 Website - https://georgeslaraque.com/ Dairy-Free Swaps Guide: Easy Anti-Inflammatory Meals, Recipes, and Tips https://switch4good.org/dairy-free-swaps-guide SUPPORT SWITCH4GOOD https://switch4good.org/support-us/ ★☆★ JOIN OUR PRIVATE FACEBOOK GROUP ★☆★ https://www.facebook.com/groups/podcastchat ★☆★ SWITCH4GOOD WEBSITE ★☆★ https://switch4good.org/ ★☆★ ONLINE STORE ★☆★ https://shop.switch4good.org/shop/ ★☆★ FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM ★☆★ https://www.instagram.com/Switch4Good/ ★☆★ LIKE US ON FACEBOOK ★☆★ https://www.facebook.com/Switch4Good/ ★☆★ FOLLOW US ON TWITTER ★☆★ https://mobile.twitter.com/Switch4GoodNFT ★☆★ DOWNLOAD THE ABILLION APP ★☆★ https://app.abillion.com/users/switch4good
The gang comes to discuss Merab Dvalishvili's huge victory over Petr Yan. They discuss his future at 135 and refusal to fight Aljo. The gang then discusses Bellator and MVP's ridiculous power. They then preview UFC 286, making their picks for the entire main card. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
Ce lundi, Virginie Girod remonte en 1942 quand l'actrice d'Hollywood Hedy Lamarr invente le wifi.
durée : 00:59:44 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Le nom de Georges Bataille revient souvent au premier plan des combats intellectuel, esthétique ou social. C'est à cet homme multiple qui s'est ingénié à brouiller les cartes que s'attache ce "Profils perdus" de 1988. Une émission dense et riche pour en finir avec le portrait unique de l'écrivain. - invités : Francis Marmande écrivain, critique littéraire et critique de jazz français; Jean-Pierre Faye écrivain et philosophe; Bernard Noël poète, romancier, essayiste; Philippe Sollers Écrivain français; Michel Leiris; Michel Surya philosophe et écrivain, directeur de la revue Lignes
durée : 00:47:11 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Dans ce numéro "Du Jour au lendemain" diffusé en 1988, l'écrivain Louis-René Des Forêts et le sinologue Jacques Pimpaneau nous offrent la possibilité d'entrevoir l'intimité de l'homme complexe que fut Georges Bataille. L'occasion notamment de revenir avec émotion sur sa mort survenue en 1962. - invités : Louis-René des Forêts Écrivain et poète français; Jacques Pimpaneau
durée : 00:20:49 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - La critique littéraire se résume-t-elle à juger une œuvre et a-t-elle une véritable indépendance vis-à-vis des courants intellectuels qui l'entourent ? En 1948, l'émission "La Tribune de Paris" posait la question de l'impartialité du critique dans un débat auquel participait Georges Bataille. - invités : André Maurois; Georges Bataille; Maurice Nadeau éditeur
durée : 00:08:51 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Ce court entretien au micro de Pierre Barbier dans "La vie des Lettres" daté de 1955, montre à quel point le génie de Georges Bataille est versatile et s'étale à son gré sur un grand nombre de plans inattendus de la connaissance. Il évoque ici son livre "Lascaux ou la naissance de l'art". - invités : Georges Bataille
durée : 02:59:00 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - De ses débuts à son lit de mort, de ses écrits esthétiques à ses récits érotiques, c'est une véritable cartographie de l'âme de Georges Bataille que nous proposait Jacques Munier dans son émission "Georges Bataille, l'enragé" diffusée en 1997 à l'occasion du centenaire de la naissance de l'écrivain. - invités : Georges Bataille; Pierre Bourgeade; Madeleine Chapsal écrivain, journaliste, fille de la couturière Marcelle Chaumont, première d'atelier de la Maison de couture Vionnet, et filleule de Madeleine Vionnet.; Denis Hollier professeur de français à l'université NYU de New York; Annie Le Brun Ecrivain; Jean-Jacques Pauvert Editeur; Michel Surya philosophe et écrivain, directeur de la revue Lignes; Jacques Derrida; Maurice Nadeau éditeur; Bernard Noël poète, romancier, essayiste; Jacqueline Risset Ecrivain
durée : 01:00:59 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Comment tenir un pari que l'on sait intenable ? Comment faire un film consacré à Georges Bataille et à son œuvre ? En 1997, dans les "Nuits magnétiques" André S. Labarthe invitait l'auditeur à une plongée dans les réflexions et les doutes d'un cinéaste confronté à un sujet réputé impossible. - invités : André S. Labarthe; Georges Bataille
durée : 00:03:55 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Une Nuit autour de "Georges Bataille, l'hérétique" pour comprendre celui qui n'a jamais cessé de se battre contre le monde et tout ce qui est extérieur et aussi pour découvrir l'intimité du subversif écrivain, dont la douceur est racontée par tous ses proches. Une sélection de Mathias Le Gargasson.
durée : 00:31:46 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - "Qui êtes-vous ? Georges Bataille" est une rencontre émouvante avec l'écrivain Georges Bataille dont la voix sereine raconte son enfance ennuyeuse et devenu adulte son désir de détruire tout but dans la vie. - invités : Georges Bataille
Dans Historiquement Vôtre, Clémentine Portier-Kaltenbach vous raconte le fauteuil du révolutionnaire Georges Couthon (1755-1794). Avocat originaire de Clermont-Ferrand et paralytique, ce dernier est devenu l'un des acteurs les plus féroces de la terreur révolutionnaire.
Today we had the pleasure of hosting Georges Tijbosch, CEO of MiQ in our office for a special edition COBT. Georges and his team are in town for CERAWeek and have made exciting announcements during the conference. MiQ is an independent non-profit organization that set up a framework to certify natural gas graded on methane leak levels. They are largely funded by philanthropic efforts and are committed to addressing methane issues in this decade, a mission we appreciate. Jeff Tillery, Mike Bradley and I greatly enjoyed visiting with Georges. To help guide today's discussion, Georges first provided background on the organization including the formation of the group, their technical process for evaluating emissions, how attitudes around methane emissions have changed in the past few years, and the organization's interaction with the energy industry. In the past year, they have increased to certifying ~20% of US gas production. We also discuss the organization's future plans, the advantage of being an independent group, the typical methane escape associated with natural gas production, Georges' vision for ten years from now, the organization's interactions with the investment community, and natural gas as a long-term solution for Europe. Earlier this week, MiQ announced that BP has certified 100% of its U.S. onshore upstream operations with MiQ. It was an exciting time to meet with Georges! The conversation with Georges was far ranging and incredibly stimulating. For those of you like us who strongly believe in natural gas as an answer, Georges will have you thinking about not just how good an answer it can be but also about what can be the problems. You will also hear that so many of those problems are “low hanging fruit” and can be fixed and fixed soon. We are so glad Georges came by the office to visit during this busy CERA season. We look forward to staying connected with the team at MiQ and watching their progress in the years to come. Thanks to you all!
The Philadelphia 76ers wrap up an impressive 4-1 road trip, playing 5 games in 7 nights!CALL OR TEXT THE 24/7 ANY TIME HOTLINE: (856) 442-9805Support the channel: https://www.patreon.com/sportstalkwithbrodesSeatGeek Promo Code: BRODES This will save you $20 on your total purchase!Podcasts:Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/sports-talk-with-brodes/id1268899988Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/5yKG2JJe3bpoLiCL75d7Lt?si=5WrRXMiPRHKBvGSoTZVMVQ Google Podcast: https://play.google.com/music/m/I4ilhe3iu5enusddeqzboud3bcu?t=Sports_Talk_With_BrodesGET A SHIRT! : https://www.teespring.com/brodesclothesEmail: Brodes@BrodesMedia.comTwitter & Instagram: @Brodes81 and @Brodes81
The gang comes together to discuss Jon Jones destroying Cyril Gane at UFC 285. They discuss the GOAT's return to MMA and what to expect from his next fight with Stipe Miocic. The gang also discusses Alexa Grasso's stunning victory of Valentina Shevchenko. They talk about the rest of the stacked card before discussing some BKFC news. The gang then makes their picks for next weekend's UFC Fight Night card. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
The Philadelphia Sixers snap the Milwaukee Bucks 16 game win streak by erasing an 18 point deficit! James Harden and Joel Embiid were in their bag.CALL OR TEXT THE 24/7 ANY TIME HOTLINE: (856) 442-9805Support the channel: https://www.patreon.com/sportstalkwithbrodesSeatGeek Promo Code: BRODES This will save you $20 on your total purchase!Podcasts:Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/sports-talk-with-brodes/id1268899988Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/5yKG2JJe3bpoLiCL75d7Lt?si=5WrRXMiPRHKBvGSoTZVMVQ Google Podcast: https://play.google.com/music/m/I4ilhe3iu5enusddeqzboud3bcu?t=Sports_Talk_With_BrodesGET A SHIRT! : https://www.teespring.com/brodesclothesEmail: Brodes@BrodesMedia.comTwitter & Instagram: @Brodes81 and @Brodes81
This week on the Talk Without Rhythm Podcast I'm fulfilling a Patreon Pick from TWoRP Legionnaire Georges! Georges requested I take a look at the 1992 Quebec film Requiem pour un beau sans-cœur, aka Requiem for a Handsome Bastard, and I decided to make it a Cinéma de Québec double-feature by pairing it with a Denis Villeneuve film I haven't seen yet: 2009's Polytechnique. [00:00] INTRO [01:29] Cult of Muscle Promo [02:42] RANDOM CONVERSATION [10:10] Requiem for a Handsome Bastard (1992) [40:29] Polytechnique (2009) [01:12:48] FEEDBACK [01:25:09] ENDING MUSIC: Tu m'montes s'a tête by Gildor Roy Buy Polytechnique (2009) Support TWoRP Contact Us email@example.com
Depuis la tragique affaire impliquant Pierre Palmade, il est souvent question de stupéfiants dans les médias. C'est ce qui conduit Georges, un fidèle de RTL Matin Week-End, à se demander pourquoi "le même mot, stupéfiant, désigne à la fois une drogue et quelque chose de très surprenant".
The Philadelphia Sixers lost to Miami Heat after James Harden had a good look from 3 to win the game. You can listen to The Best Show Ever? weekdays from 2-6pm on 97.5 The Fanatic and NBC Sports Philadelphia!CALL OR TEXT THE 24/7 ANY TIME HOTLINE: (856) 442-9805Support the channel: https://www.patreon.com/sportstalkwithbrodesSeatGeek Promo Code: BRODES This will save you $20 on your total purchase!Podcasts:Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/sports-talk-with-brodes/id1268899988Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/5yKG2JJe3bpoLiCL75d7Lt?si=5WrRXMiPRHKBvGSoTZVMVQ Google Podcast: https://play.google.com/music/m/I4ilhe3iu5enusddeqzboud3bcu?t=Sports_Talk_With_BrodesGET A SHIRT! : https://www.teespring.com/brodesclothesEmail: Brodes@BrodesMedia.comTwitter & Instagram: @Brodes81 and @Brodes81
The gang comes together to preview UFC 285 and the return of Jon Jones. Before that they discuss last weekend's fights including big wins for Brendan Allen and Yaroslav Amosov. They then get into their UFC 285 preview and talk about this stacked main card. The gang then makes their picks for the event. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
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Erik & Mo steal George's phone and hilarity ensues.
The gang comes together to discuss Erin Blanchfield's fantastic performance against Jessica Andrade. They discuss whether she should be the next challenger for the 125 pound title. The gang also discusses this weekend's UFC Fight Night; Spann v. Krylov card. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
# 99 Magdalena penitente - Historia del arte con Kenza Un podcast dedicado al gran pintor de la luz, Georges de la Tour. Historia del arte con Kenza - Obras que encienden el asombro. Una serie sobre el arte a través de la historia y las culturas. Se presentarán obras que trascienden el tiempo por su belleza y por lo que nos cuenta. Nos puedes seguir a través de la cuenta Instagram Historia.del.arte.con.kenza, para descubrir las obras del podcast y muchas más. Producido por @RojoVenado #historiadelarte #historiadelarteconkenza #podcastdearte #podcastenespañol Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
The gang comes together to discuss the awesomeness that was Makhachev vs Volkanovski. They talk about the great performances put on by both men and predict their immediate futures. The gang also talks about Yair Rodriguez winning the interim title against Josh Emmett in a spirited battle. They also discuss Jens Pulver getting into the UFC Hall of Fame and this weekend's Blanchfield v. Andrade fight. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
Chantee says her boyfriend of the past six years is a cheater, a drunk and extremely irresponsible. Traevon says he is sick of Chantee spying on him while he's out with co-workers.
durée : 00:53:49 - L'Heure bleue - Georges Didi-Huberman est l'invité de l'Heure bleue à l'occasion des parutions de son dernier livre "Brouillards de peines et de désirs. Faits d'affects, 1" (Minuit) et du numéro de la revue Critique (Minuit) consacré à son œuvre.
durée : 00:58:21 - Avec philosophie - par : Géraldine Muhlmann - Les philosophes Simone Weil, Jean Cavaillès et Georges Canguilhem sont des figures qualifiées de courageuses. Est-ce à dire que le courage en politique est une vertu du philosophe ? Est-il nécessaire de développer une philosophie de l'action pour agir en politique ? - invités : Hourya Benis-Sinaceur philosophe et historienne des mathématiques et de la logique, membre de l'Institut d'Histoire et philosophie des sciences et des Techniques (IHPST); Jean-Jacques Szczeciniarz mathématicien et philosophe, il a reçu le Grand prix Georges Charpak de l'Académie des sciences en 2015; Robert Chenavier agrégé et docteur en philosophie, président de l'Association pour l'étude de la pensée de Simone Weil et directeur de la publication des "Cahiers Simone Weil"
Systemize Your Success Podcast
The gang comes together to say goodbye Fedor and welcome Sergei Spivac to the heavyweight elite. They then discuss the lack of promotion of UFC 284 and how thin the card is. The gang makes their picks for the main and co-main event of the card. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
Geoff's friends (and former Headgum interns) Georges Saba and Emma Silvers join the show to discuss the SQIRL jam controversy, vain bears, and the new hit sitcom Geory! This episode is sponsored by Betterhelp! Follow the link below to get 10% your first month!betterhelp.com/whatsthat The Pit Wall has been greenlit! Subscribe on your favorite podcast app so you don't miss new episodes dropping every Wednesday after a race. Advertise on The Headgum Podcast via Gumball.fm Rate The Headgum Podcast 5-stars on Apple Podcasts Rate The Headgum Podcast 5-stars on Spotify Join the Headgum DiscordSee omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
durée : 01:19:59 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - En 1999, Geneviève Huttin rencontre Georges Guingouin, Compagnon de la Libération ayant fédéré le maquis limousin. Dans les 3e,4e et dernier entretien il évoque son mandat de maire de Limoges et sa descente aux enfers dans les années 50 quand il est accusé d'exactions sommaires lors de l'épuration. - invités : Georges Guingouin Instituteur résistant
Merci à Hellofresh de soutenir le podcast, pour obtenir jusqu'à 100 euros sur vos 5 premières commandes rdv sur www.hellofresh.fr/histoire Georges fait partie d'une expédition qui observe les pingouins au pôle Sud. Mais, lui, il est là pour voir un mammouth. Les adultes ne l'écoutent qu'à moitié, ce qui le frustre passablement. Alors quand il voit véritablement un mammouth et qu'il file prévenir toute la banquise sans jamais être pris au sérieux, cela l'ÉNERVE PROFONDÉMENT ! A partir de 4 ans. Une histoire de Alex Willmore, parue chez Little Urban, Interprétée par Céline Kallmann, réalisation et musique Alexandre Ferreira, production Benjamin Muller. Générique : Vlad Gluschenko - Time / Alexandre Ferreira. Retrouvez Encore une histoire sur Instagram, Facebook et Twitter.
durée : 00:54:59 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - Georges Guingouin raconte comment, maniant la Ronéo ou l'explosif, il a été à l'origine de nombre d'opérations de sabotage qui valurent au Limousin d'être surnommé "la petite Russie" par les Allemands. Premier et deuxième entretiens d'une série de 5, enregistrés en 1999 au micro de Geneviève Huttin. - invités : Georges Guingouin Instituteur résistant
The Pacific War - week by week
Last time we spoke about General Patchs campaign to finally rid Guadalcanal of the Japanese menace. The Sea Horse, Galloping Horse and Gifu were neutralized and now the hybrid force of US Soldiers and Marines were marching west. The newly created CAM division seized Kokumbona in astonishing speed, greatly hindering the future Operation KE. At the same time, all of the Japanese activity related to preparing Operation KE was prompting responses from the Americans. One of those responses was sending Rear Admiral Richard Giffen to Cape Chunter to rendezvous with Captain Robert Briscoe. Giffen was stubborn about making his rendezvous and this led him to make some very poor tactical decisions leading to the sinking of the USS Chicago during the battle of Rennell Island. Despite the sinking of the cruisers, the Japanese now had to push back Operation KE until February the 1st, would this setback ruin everything? This episode is Operation KE: the Evacuation of Guadalcanal Welcome to the Pacific War Podcast Week by Week, I am your dutiful host Craig Watson. But, before we start I want to also remind you this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Perhaps you want to learn more about world war two? Kings and Generals have an assortment of episodes on world war two and much more so go give them a look over on Youtube. So please subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry for some more history related content, over on my channel, the Pacific War Channel you can find a few videos all the way from the Opium Wars of the 1800's until the end of the Pacific War in 1945. Last week we spoke about the rather small battle of Rennell Island. Perhaps small in scale, but the consequences of the battle were far reaching. Operation KE had to be postponed until February 1st. Alongside this there was some shuffling about for who was to command the Reinforcement unit, and eventually it landed in the hands of Admiral Shintaro Hashimoto, with Rear Admiral Koyanagi in a reserve capacity. The 11th air fleet and the 6th air division were tasked with maintaining the CAP over the reinforcement unit during the day, while the R Area air force would cover them during the night. Now the skirmish at Rennell Islands gave the IJA and IJN a dose of anxiety, because the islands had a critical role in Operation KE. Basically if the destroyers failed to evacuate the 17th army on Guadalcanal, the backup was to be landing crafts via Russell Island. Many staff officers also sought to create a temporary garrison and base in the Russells to be a feint. Thus on January 28th, 6 destroyers bearing 328 men went to the Russells and were attacked by 33 aircraft from the cactus airforce, leading to 17 casualties, but no warship damage. The day for Operation KE to commence had finally come and it was to begin with a short battle over the air. 9 B-17's with their fighter escort bombed Shortland at 8:45. They were unable to damage or delay Operation KE very much and lost 3 B-17's for their efforts. Likewise the Cactus air force lost 2 dauntless attacking Munda while the 6th air division tossed 23 Oscars and 6 Lilies at Guadalcanal. On February 2nd, General Patch concluded that with the seizure of Kokumbona, this must mean the Japanese were all but finished on guadalcanal, unless more reinforcements came. He presumed they would prolong the struggle by making a fighting withdrawal to the southern coast, so to thwart this possibility he decided to land a battalion in a blocking position. Lt Colonel George commanding the 132nd infantry assembled a task force at Lunga using his 2nd battalion with various other units, one of which was a howitzer company of the 10th marines. The men loading up in some Landing Craft Tanks aboard the destroyer transport Stringham. Captain Briscoe's Cactus striking force escorted the group as they traveled to Nugu point, but when they were unloading they received news of nearby enemy activity, thus an emergency unloading was made 1.5 miles north at Verahue. An IJA reconnaissance pilot saw this and misidentified the destroyers as cruisers and reported this giving the Japanese the idea the Americans were about to challenge their first Reinforcement Unit run. Thus to clear a path for Operation KE's first run, a group of 13 vals and 40 zeros was launched from Buin to take out the threat. At 2:43, guadalcanal issued a condition red alert, and this led to a grievous mistake. The destroyers DeHaen and Nicholas had shepherded the remaining landing craft tanks 2 miles southeast of Savo, but the fighter director scrambled all the wildcats to go protect the other destroyers of the Cactus striking force. Thus DeHaven and Nicholas were dangerously exposed without aircover when some of the Vals found them. 6 vals attacked DeHaven, with the first bomb hitting her at 2:53 amidships on her port side. An eye witness said it “caused tremendous burst of flame to envelop the central part of the ship.” A second bomb hit just aft of her bridge and a third exploded her forward magazine. The Dehaven jackknifed and disappeared under the waves claiming 167 men and officers with her. Over on the Nicholas, Lt commander Andrew Hill barely managed to evade the bombs taking his ship 32 knots. One bomb exploded near his ships hull killing 2 men and injurying 7, but the Nicholas returned the favor by taking down 3 aircraft while some Wildcats came to the scene eventually claiming a dozen kills. The actual Japanese losses would be 5 vals and 3 zeros. As this was going down, Admiral Hashimoto left Shortland with his Cruisers and 21 destroyers sprinting down the slot. A coast watch saw Hashimoto's reinforcement unit just due north of Vella LaVella around 1pm, prompting the Cactus air force to toss up 92 aircraft in 2 waves. The first wave consisted of 17 avengers, 17 dauntless, 4 P-39's, 4 P-38s, 4 p-40s and 5 Wildcats. The second wave consisted of 11 avengers, 10 dauntless, and 20 wildcats. The first group claimed the sunk a destroyer and 7 zeros while the second claimed they landed 2 bomb hits on destroyers and took down 10 zeros. During the actual attack, Hashimoto's flagship the Makinami received a near miss, while Koyanagi took charge of the flotilla. Hashimoto was forced to move his flag to Shirayuki and gradually reigned back command. The shuffling set back the force 30 minutes and at 8pm the screening ships began peeling off to conduct a sweep ahead. While this was happening 11 PT boats from Tulagi came in groups of 2 and 3 from Savo, Cape Esperance and Doma Cove to hit the reinforcement unit. Meanwhile on Guadalcanal, Generals Miyazaki and Sano had reached their boarding point at Cape Esperance around 8pm. Thousands of their men were making the grueling trek up muddy trails through the night. Miyazaki was frustrated by the man wandering from the designated area and making too much noise, then both he and Sano heard a single rifle shot. A staff officer was sent to investigate and he came back reporting a soldier of the 229th infantry had reached the area supported on the shoulders by 2 comrades. He was unable to move any further, and his comrades were exhausted, thus he received his comrades assistance to commit suicide. The reinforcement unit was set to arrive for 9pm, but minutes were passing by 9pm without a ship in sight. Then the Japanese began hearing gunfire and saw fires emerge seward. The reinforcement unit were pulling 30knots when PT boat 48 and 111 found them around 10:10pm launching 4 torpedoes. Lt Lester Gamble, the most successful PT skipper of the Guadalcanal Campaign managed to scurry his PT 48 away, fleeing to Savo, while Lt John Clagett aboard PT 111 took a direct hit from the Kawakaze at 10:54 killing 2 men. Off of cape esperance, Japanese float planes strafed PT 59, 115 and 37. PT 115 launched 4 torpedoes at the destroyers. PT 37 also fired 4 torpedoes, but was fired upon killing all but a single man aboard. PT 124 and 123 moved in to attack south of Savo. A Pete of the R Area air force managed to plant a bomb on PT 123 killing 4 and sinking the boat, an amazing hit. PT 124 fired 3 torpedoes claiming hit, bringing the American loses at 3 PT boats and 15 dead sailors. The R Area air force Petes began to drop flares over the Cactus striking force which now was just 3 destroyers trying to harass 18 IJN destroyers. The Pete flares thwarted any chance of surprise. 6 transport destroyors reached Cape Esperance at 10:40 and at 12am, Kamimbo began to launch their boats. Admiral Koyanagi described the sight of the evacuees as such; “[They] wore only the remains of clothes [that were] so soiled their physical deterioration was extreme. Probably they were happy but [they] showed no expression. All had dengue or malaria [and their] diarrhea sent them to the heads. Their digestive organs were so completely destroyed, [we] couldn't give them good food, only porridge. A report informed Admiral Yamamoto that the evacuees . . . were so undernourished that their beards, nails and hair had all stopped growing, their joints looked pitifully large. Their buttocks were so emaciated that their anuses were completely exposed, and on the destroyers that picked them up they suffered from constant and uncontrolled diarrhea.” By 1:53am the last man board at Kamimbo and 5 minutes later over at Esperance. Because of all the delays, 1270 men were stuck on the beach at Cape Esperance and 300 over at Kamimbo. The Destroyer Makikumo was chasing away one of the PT boats when she was ordered to help at Cape Esperance. When she was heading over a large explosion suddenly occurred in her hull at 1:45am. It could have been a mine, or perhaps one of the PT torpedoes had finally hit its mark. Regardless, the Makikumo was dead in the water and forced to be scuttled by a sister destroyer, the Yugumo. The 11th air fleet launched 8 Betty's over Guadalcanal during the night to keep the Cactus air force grounded, but 6 Dauntless managed to get up around midnight. Despite the enemy being illuminated well, the dauntless did not manage to score any hits. At 8am the Cactus air force made another go trying to hit the enemy destroyers, but failed to score any hits. By noon the reinforcement unit successfully landed 4935 men at Bougainville, including General Sano. The first run was a large success and helped boost morale for the 17th army HQ, as they were quite frankly fearing the worst. As a deception, they had the soldiers over at Cape Esperance ignite campfires and move them gradually south towards Tassafaronga over the course of 2 nights. Meanwhile the 2nd division began to march in the opposite direction towards their own disembarkment points. On February 3rd, the 8th area army ordered the next run to have soldiers and sailors wait offshore in boats rather than on the beach. Despite the success of the first run, the 17th Army was still skeptical about the IJN making 3 runs. This led them to dispatch orders to Colonel Matsuda incharge of the rear guard, warning him it may be likely that he would have to make his own way out with a landing craft. The Japanese high command was also gravely concerned with a growing situation at Marovovo. Lt Colonel Georges battalion had successfully departed from Verahue and around 9:10am one of their patrols ran into a pair of Japanese staff officers and 140 soldiers near Titi. There was a brief skirmish and the Japanese captured 2 of Georges men who were interrogated, revealing that around 600 of their comrades were marching around Marovovo. On the morning of February the 3rd, Matsuda's rear guard of 350 troops of the Yano battalion were holding a position about half a mile west of Bonegi, alongside 60 survivors of the 124th infantry. His main force consisting of the remnants of the Ichiki detachment, which is simply incredible that any of them still exist at all at this point, alongside the 124th regiment were holding the right bank of the Segilau river. Fortunately for Matsuda the Americans were limiting their actions mostly patrolling for the day and he used the time to plan out the evacuation of his rear guard. His general plan was to lead his forces to Kamimbo and disembark to the Russells by boat. The next day General Patch ordered his 161st infantry to relieve the 147th infantry, taking their job of advancing to Cape Esperance. The 147th would head west to an area between Bonegi and the Umasani rivers to clear out the area. 128 men under first Lt Miyano were ordered to hold the eastern bank of the Segilau river and Major Yano was ordered to leave a rear guard of 70 men to the west of Bonegi before he took the rest of his command to advance on Marovovo. Major Yano strongly objected to performing actions at Marovovo and that his units would be better served remaining with the rear guard. Basically Matsuda was ordering Yano to leave men to die at Bonego and Yano began to argue all his men should make a stand if so. So Matsuda caved in a bit and allowed Yano to leave only those unable to walk at Bonegi while he took everyone else to Segilau at 3pm. For those poor men left at Bonegi, each was given 2 tablets of mercury bichloride. From February 2-4th around 15 Bettys hunted the sea around guadalcanal and they reported very strong American naval presence, including carriers. Each day saw more bettys failing to return home, one of which carried Lt Commander Genichi Mihara the leader of the 705th air group. Despite the presence of many american naval units, on February 3rd the second run of Operation KE was approved to go. Admiral Yamamoto ordered the Asagumo and Samidare to replace the lost Makikumo and Makinami and on february the 4th, Hashimoto readied his cruisers and 20 destroyers to dare another run. His reinforcement unit left Shortland at 11:30 and at 3:50 his CAP of 29 Zeros clashed with 33 dauntless and avenger alongside 41 assorted fighters in two waves trying to take out his destroyer. The Americans lost 11 aircraft while the Japanese lost 2. A near miss crippled the Maikaze, forcing the Nagatsuki to tow her back to shortland and yet again Hashimoto was forced to change flag as the Shirayuki's engines failed and thus he jumped onto the Kawakaze. Over on Guadalcanal 7 Bettys emerged at night dropped flares and bombs over Henderson field while IJN reconnaissance planes hunting PT boats. The embarkations proceeded smoothly, in 2 hours 3921 men were loaded off. General Hyakutake and his staff boarded the Isokaze, Maruyama and his staff got aboard the Hamakaze and both transport groups left with their screens completely unmolested up the slot, reaching Bougainville by 12:50 on february 5th. Miyazaki recounted seeing countless soldiers aboard the Isokaze sun bathing, as they had been long denied such a pleasure. There was nowhere to walk about the destroyers decks. He also found a soldier holding a corpse of a friend aboard, insisting the man was still alive. On Bougainville, Lt General Moritake Tanabe, the deputy chief of stuff of the IJA's section of the Imperial General HQ met the evacuees. Miyazaki exchanged a wordless salute with the man, then as Tanabe approached him, he blurted out with tears, his desire for an appointment that would give him a death in battle. Tanabe was quite overcome by this and stated “Everything about this is the responsibility of Imperial Headquarters.” As Operation KE was whisked away men, the Yano unit withdrew from Bonegi to the Segilau river. Colonel Matsuda now took charge of the forces left on Guadalcanal as he took his men from Segilau over to Kamimbo. He ordered the Oneda Unit, consisting of the remnants of the 3rd battalion, 230th infantry to head west of Cape Esperance to block any american advances from Marovovo. Now Matsuda pondered how he was going to evacuate his rear guard. Lt Colonel Sakuji Matsuyama gave his very pessimistic view, the American air forces would whittle down the amount of boats available to them to most likely just a handful. They also received word from a tapped signal to the IJN on Rabaul that they were looking to use at minimum 3 or 4 destroyers with an adequate number of boats to be detailed for the final run. Thus Matsuda figured any attempt to evacuate the rear guard to the russells by boat would be suicidal. Matsuda wrote in his diary that night he doubted any destroyers would come, from his perspective, the sacrifice of 2000 men would be less than that of a single destroyer. Over on the American side, Colonel George's men reached Titi on the 4th and would remain there for 2 days. Because of the smaller size of his command and not fully knowing the Japanese composition forced George to act cautiously. All of the Japanese activity had really confused the American's and they presumed there was a major offensive afoot, there was of course just not what the Americans were thinking. Over on the west coast the 161st infantry advanced to the Umasani river by February 6th. Despite the apparent American inactivity, Matsuda feared that if they decided to make a thrust from the southern coast this would cut him off from Kamimbo and thus an embarkation spot. To keep this option open, he sent 100 men to move down the west coast to hold a position about 3.5 miles due east of Cape Esperance. He ordered them to march during daylight and to light cooking fires as a deception. Later that afternoon he received the demoralizing report that the IJN might only be able to pick up men already waiting in boats, those on the land would have to find their own way to new Georgia. The 17th army estimated that Matsuda had a 50% chance of getting the men out. On the 6th, senior IJA and IJN commanders met over the issue. The chief of staff of the 8th fleet said he doubted the third run of operation KE would be possible because there were reports of American carriers near guadalcanal. Admiral Mikawa assured the IJA, the IJN would do its best to meet the enemy. Colonel Konuma went to see Admiral Hashimoto to fish out his views, and Hashimoto asserted regardless of the orders or desires of the chief of staff of the 8th fleet, he would personally see to it that they evacuated all the men. Konuma requested to accompany the 3rd run personally. Hashimoto said to this it would be a stain on the IJN's record if it was said they only made a run because an Army officers presence aboard their ships was the causation. On the 7th, General Patch reported his belief that the Tokyo Express had made to successful runs, landing another regiment with supplies. Though in the same report he also acknowledged they may have extracted the HQ of some depleted units as well. Over on the west coast, 161st tossed patrols near the Tambalego river, 9 miles away from Cape Esperance. That day Colonel George had to hand command of his task force over to Lt Colonel Ferry after injuring his leg. Upon taking command, it was Ferry's judgment that the Japanese were withdrawing to Cape Esperance or perhaps evacuating guadalcanal. Their native guides began reporting to them that the Japanese had just abandoned Marovovo, so the task force marched upon it. At 12:40, the units assigned to guard Marovovo did abandon it stating they had been subjected to severe artillery bombardment, earning anger from Matsuda who demanded they go back to prolong the american advance. They rushed back just in time to fire their machineguns at the Americans who were advancing 2000 yards north of Marovovo by 3:30pm. Meeting resistance, Ferry told the men to dig in for the night. February 7th was a day of decision making for Matsuda. Ever hour brought him more stress, the severe shelling that was reported to him at Marovovo could be heard alongside American machine gun fire at Kamimbo. Then at sundown, 26 land craft still remained operational, it was a miracle american air forces had not destroyed them all! Compared to the experiences of the entire guadalcanal campaign, it really did seem a miracle. Matsuda set to work organizing his boarding plan to provide for 4 units of 500 men each. In a very tense 45 minutes starting at 9:30pm, the remaining movable Japanese survivors of guadalcanal got onto the boats as American artillery could be heard smashing Segilau. On the boats many Japanese prayed, the rendezvous time of 11pm passed, greatly demoralizing them. Then they saw the blue recognition lights of approaching destroyers. The second run of operation KE went off very well compared to the first. But Admiral Yamamoto suspected the third would see major american naval forces that were lurked around just outside their search plan range waiting to pounce. The submarine forces combed the area without success as the Advance force was ordered to come within 550 miles of Guadalcanal to be ready to support the Reinforcement unit. Hashimoto would have 18 destroyers this time, grabbing men from two points, Kamimbo and the Russells. Despite reported sighting of American carriers and other naval units just due south of San Cristobal, Hashimoto departed Shortland and made one last sprint to save the men of starvation island. 15 Dauntless, 20 wildcats and a single F5A bore down upon the reinforcement unit after a search plane tipped them off. 17 out of 49 zeros sent by the 11th air fleet intercepted them. At 5:55 the Isokaze was hit by 2 bombs to her deck and around her forward gun mount killing 10 men and starting fires. She limped away with the help of the Kawakaze as the Urakaze took a near miss doing slight damage. One zero and the F5A failed to return home. Over on Guadalcanal, the men in their boats climbed aboard the destroyers. By 12:04am, on the 8th, Matsuda received word that the boarding was complete. To honor Hashimoto's pledge, the sailors had even rowed boats along the shore waters calling out again to make sure no one was left behind on the beaches. By 1:32am, the boats returned and the destroyers began to depart. It was to be the last time the Rising Sun fluttered from a surface ship near the blood soaked shores of Guadalcanal. On the way Matsuda signaled the 17th army “With the help of 20,000 souls the recovery of 1,972 men from Guadalcanal is reported complete.” When Matsuda reached Bougainville at 10am, he reported to General Hyakutake the end of his special mission, adding thanks for the 17th army's efforts to guarantee the last run made it. Hyakutake praised Matsuda's command as the rear guard. As Matsuda and Hyakutake pointed out and so will I here, the first unit to fight on Guadalcanal was the Ichiki detachment and they were amongst the last to leave on the third run of Operation KE, simply incredible. Operation KE was an enormous feat, over 10652 men were evacuated with 4935 on the first run, 3921 on the second and 1796 on the third. For naval units they had lost the Makikumo and major damage was dealt to the Makinami, Maikaze and Isokaze. They sank the Chicago, DeHaven and 3 PT boats, while also heavily damaging the LaVallette. For the air war, between January 25th to February the 9th the Japanese lost around 56 aircraft while taking down 53 American. Needless to say, Operation KE was a major success from a figures point of view. The Japanese attributed the success of Operation KE to the careful planning by the combined fleet and to those men who sacrificed their lives prolonging the American pursuers on the ground. After receiving word that the Reinforcement unit returned on the morning of the 8th, Admiral Yamamoto commanded all units involved. The American forces at Marovovo after observing the sea littered with small boats and debris from the nights activities set off in hot pursuit, reaching Kamimbo at 5pm. During these hours over on the western coast the 161st pushed towards Cape Esperance where they ran into sporadic skirmishes with the Japanese, but the enemy they skirmished with were in extremely poor condition, mostly wounded men unable to walk. Based on the condition of the enemy, Colonel Dalton of the 161st sent a report that he believed the enemy was not defending nor delaying, but actually fleeing. General Patch concurred with this and advised Hasley that be believed the last Tokyo Express runs were not reinforcements but rather evacuations. On the morning of the 9th, the 1st battalion, 161st infantry met up with the 2nd battalion of the 132nd at the village of Tenaro. Colonel Dalton shooks hands with Major Butler of the 132nd at 4:50, then General Patch announced to the men “Total and complete defeat of Japanese forces on Guadalcanal effected 1625 today. . . . [the] Tokyo Express no longer has a terminus on Guadalcanal.” Now there were of course Japanese left behind on Guadalcanal, but organized resistance was all but over by the 9th. Encountered with some isolated pockets and stragglers occurred for the next few days. Some stragglers would go on to live within the interior with the last known survivor surrendering in October of 1947. Given the vast disparity in fire power between the two sides on guadalcanal and likewise the severity of how debilitated the 17th army was compared to General Patchs soldiers and marines, the failure of the Americans to annihilate Hyakutakes men was strange. Hyakutake believed that if the Americans had focused on marching towards Cape Esperance, they would have completely destroyed his army. The failure to do so was because of 2 major reasons. The first was the relatively small size of the forces engaged in the pincer attack against Cape Esperance. After January 25th, the American forces typically involved no more than a regiment on the western coast. After February 1st this was supplemented by an additional battalion on the southern coast. The second reason was the pace of the advance of those forces which was hindered by a combination of logistical factors, rough terrain and the Americans thinking an offensive was about to kick off any moment. The logical way the Americans could have foiled operation KE would have been something Vandegrift repeatedly had done, amphibious hooks. General Patch considered this often in mid January, but again, all the indications from the Japanese activity was a major offensive was about to occur, and you simply don't toss units into the abyss. Admiral Nimitz confessed in his report “Until the last moment it appeared that the Japanese were attempting a major reinforcement effort. Only skill in keeping their plans disguised and bold celerity in carrying them out enabled the Japanese to withdraw the remnants of the Guadalcanal garrison. Not until all organized forces had been evacuated on 8 February did we realize the purpose of their air and naval dispositions. “ It has been 6 months of blood sweat and tears over 2500 square miles of jungle that was called Guadalcanal. She was in American hands, the great prize being her airfield capabilities. Both the Japanese and Americans knew her worth and both sides evaluated the costs and returns of trying to hold her. Now I have said it quite a few times, when it comes to turning points or quote en quote “the turning point” of the pacific war, a lot of people generally fall victim to the allure of the battle of midway. Sure thing the battle of midway was a turning point, but in comparisons to Guadalcanal it is arguably not as important. Midway halted the Japanese from further major operations in the Central Pacific. It thwarted Yamamoto's attempt to create more favorable conditions militarily and diplomatically to bring American to the negotiating table. Midway also caused severe losses to the IJN, but did the Japanese go on the defensive? No they did not, in fact they immediately tossed a large scale operation against Port Moresby. Given the Japanese took Port Moresby, the course of the war would have dramatically changed, it was a pivotal place to hold. The Japanese were not simply on the defensive footing awaiting counter attacks from the enemy after midway, they still held the initiative. If you look at what the Japanese military high command was thinking directly after Midway, you find they all believed, falsely mind you, that the allied counterattack would commence no earlier than 1943, probably even later. This was not a stupid conclusion by the way, if we look at the situation in Europe, it did not seem possibly a nation like America could allocate that many resources to the pacific at the time. General Douglas MacArthur and Admiral King aggressively pushed for offensives in the south pacific, albeit for differing reasons. MacArthur wanted to leap to Rabaul, which was obviously insane and the Navy rightfully pushed back against this. Kings proposal was much more realistic and won the day in the end. Its incredible given hindsight, that the American offensive in the south pacific began when it did. They had little in land based or carrier based aircraft, not to mention limited amphibious shipping. Yet Kings insistence produced great reward, they achieved tactic surprise and a strategic surprise of great magnitude. The Marines on guadalcanal reaped the benefits of the surprise for a long time. Given what the Japanese were capable of doing, their response to the landings on Guadalcanal was a terrible miscalculation. It took the Japanese far too long to figure out Guadalcanal was potentially the decisive battle they sought. Operation WatchTower held countless flaws that could have been exploited by the Japanese to produce a major victory. The American navy in the pacific could not hope to challenge the Japanese even after Midway, so much of their strength lay in the battle over the Atlantic, but Guadcanal offered them a unique chance to boost their ground and aerial forces in the Pacific, dramatically compensating for the lack of carriers. With the victory over Guadalcanal, the Americans would develop it and Tulagi in major bases to support the allied offensive up the Solomons. Extensive airfields, naval ports and other logistical facilities would be built up. The Japanese had lost the initiative for the Pacific War, now they were on the defensive in the Pacific. The fall of Guadalcanal went hand in hand with the campaign in New Guinea, Japan kept juggling both campaigns and each suffered because of the other. The IJA and IJN were not beaten of course, but now the allies were in the driving seat for once. I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me. The allies had finally seized guadalcanal and now the Japanese were on a defensive footing, they had lost the initiative for the pacific war. Things were going to dramatically change for the empire of the rising sun who now would look to a new strategy, that of bleeding the allies dry.
Welcome to the Scottish Watches Podcast – Episode 436! From Tag, IWC, to head of the Richemont watch division. George Kern has a well of experience in the watch industry... The post Scottish Watches Podcast #436 : Breitling CEO Georges Kern on The History of The Brand Up To Modern Day appeared first on Scottish Watches.
It's always a dilemma, you're gear is humming along nicely, everything is doing what it should, and then along comes an email asking you to update the firmware for security/any other reason and....BANG. Noting is ever the same! So should you ALWAYS update your firmware? ANd if not, then when? Who does it best, and who is on Georges's hit list? A big shout out to our sponsors, Austrian Audio and Tri Booth. Both these companies are providers of QUALITY Audio Gear (we wouldn't partner with them unless they were), so please, if you're in the market for some new kit, do us a solid and check out their products, and be sure to tell em "Robbo, George, Robert, and AP sent you"... As a part of their generous support of our show, Tri Booth is offering $200 off a brand-new booth when you use the code PAP200. So get onto their website now and secure your new booth... https://tribooth.com/ And if you're in the market for a new Mic or killer pair of headphones, check out Austrian Audio. They've got a great range of top-shelf gear.. https://austrian.audio/ We have launched a Patreon page in the hopes of being able to pay someone to help us get the show to more people and in turn help them with the same info we're sharing with you. If you aren't familiar with Patreon, it's an easy way for those interested in our show to get exclusive content and updates before anyone else, along with a whole bunch of other "perks" just by contributing as little as $1 per month. Find out more here.. https://www.patreon.com/proaudiosuite If you haven't filled out our survey on what you'd like to hear on the show, you can do it here: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/ZWT5BTD Join our Facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/proaudiopodcast And the FB Group here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/357898255543203 For everything else (including joining our mailing list for exclusive previews and other goodies), check out our website https://www.theproaudiosuite.com/ “When the going gets weird, the weird turn professional.” Hunter S Thompson #rode #rodemicrophones
The gang comes together to discuss all the big fight announcements made over the last week. They also say goodbye to Fedor and make their picks for his retirement fight. The gang also picks Derrick Lewis v. Sergei Spivac. All that and another edition of "Stuff We Like."
durée : 00:30:00 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Albane Penaranda - La peinture, les yeux fermés, 3 - Georges de La Tour (1ère diffusion : 30/08/1989) - invités : Pierre Rosenberg Historien de l'art, conservateur et président-directeur au Musée du Louvre de 1994 à 2001
Matthew Dowling was born and raised in the Laurel Highlands of Pennsylvania. He calls our hills and mountains “home” – this region is where he's chosen to build a business and a family. A husband, father, and former non-profit executive, Matt loves his community and has spent years fighting for the growth and betterment of Fayette County and Southwestern Pennsylvania.Matt served as a State Representative for the 51st Legislative District in Fayette and Somerset Counties for three terms, six years. A strong business background and a commonsense approach inform Matt's actions. He realizes that the taxpayers in Pennsylvania are already overburdened – that's why as a legislator he took up the cause of holding the line on taxes and spending. He advanced legislation that protects our small businesses, which represent the backbone of economic vitality in Pennsylvania, and accounts for a significant share of the state's economic production and hiring. During his tenure, the 51st Legislative District was made up of parts of Fayette and Somerset counties. In Fayette County, the district includes the city of Uniontown and the townships of Georges, German, Henry Clay, Nicholson, South Union, Springfield, Springhill, Stewart and Wharton and the boroughs of Fairchance, Markleysburg, Ohiopyle, Point Marion and Smithfield. In Somerset County, the district included the townships of Addison, Elk Lick, Lower Turkeyfoot, Summit and Upper Turkeyfoot and the boroughs of Addison, Confluence, Garrett, Meyersdale, Salisbury and Ursina. Matt is driven by faith, family, and freedom. He is pro-life and is dedicated to protecting the constitutional rights of all Pennsylvanians, including the Second Amendment rights. In keeping with his passion for serving others, Matt is a former member of the Fayette County Behavioral Services Board and a former director of the Fayette Chamber of Commerce. He is the Past District Governor of Rotary, an international organization of professionals committed to humanitarian service locally and globally. He and his wife Rebecca founded the annual “Share the Spirit” benefit, which has raised more than $70,000 for local non-profits in its seven-year history. As a published author, Matt co-authored the book “Empowered in Pittsburgh” a self-help book for young professionals starting their careers and navigating adulthood. He is working on a new book titled “I fell off the mountain halfway up, now where do I go from here?” a memoir of his time in office.He is a graduate of Waynesburg College with a degree in Business Administration, studied Communications, Theology, and Philosophy at the Franciscan University of Steubenville and is a graduate of Uniontown Area High School. Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Découvrez la suite du récit historique consacré à Marie Bonaparte, la descendante de Napoléon qui a marqué l'histoire de la psychanalyse et de la sexologie en France. Marie Bonaparte s'est mariée au prince Georges de Grèce, dont elle découvre qu'il est homosexuel après leur union. Marie Bonaparte, qui se met à collectionner les amants, se pose des questions sur la sexualité au féminin. Elle a toujours rêvé d'une carrière dans la médecine, mais au XXe siècle, les femmes de la haute société ne travaillent pas. Et la sexologie est un domaine masculin… Comment va-t-elle révolutionner les croyances de l'époque et rencontrer Sigmund Freud ? Dans ce nouvel épisode du podcast « Au cœur de l'Histoire », l'historienne Virginie Girod raconte les travaux de Marie Bonaparte.Ce récit est une production Europe 1 Studio. Retrouvez Virginie Girod dans Madame Figaro en kiosques le 11 novembre avec un récit inédit. https://madame.lefigaro.fr/ "Au cœur de l'histoire" est un podcast Europe 1 Studio. Ecriture et présentation : Virginie Girod - Production : Adèle Humbert - Direction artistique : Adèle Humbert et Julien Tharaud - Réalisation : Clément Ibrahim - Musique originale : Julien Tharaud - Musiques additionnelles : Julien Tharaud et Sébastien Guidis - Communication : Kelly Decroix - Diffusion et rédaction : Eloise Bertil - Visuel : Sidonie Mangin
Dr. Georges Benjamin - Executive Director of American Public Health Association (APHA) joins Tavis for a conversation about how we can address the issue of gun violence, which is rapidly emerging as an alarming public health crisis (evidenced by mass shootings such as this past weekend's Monterey Park shooting)