Since the early 2010s, the board gaming industry has grown by leaps and bounds. Sqat's friend, Ryan, stops by the Scrollies studio to talk about this trend, some of the games they like to play, how to get into board games, and even about Ryan's upcoming game, Check, Please!
Welcome to Bagging, Boarding, and Chatting. The Comic Book Show with Gary from @nerdrotic , AZ from @HeelvsBabyface The Long Man @MauLerYT @EveryFrameAPause & @NinaInfinity Continue reading
How do you feel when a coaching contract or client relationship ends? Do you have a process for a smooth transition that benefits everyone? In this episode, Melinda talks with executive business coach Miriam Meima about successfully offboarding clients.
In a podcast interview with Joe Macleod, we explore the concept of off-boarding at the end of the consumer lifecycle. Joe is a product leader, author, founder and consultant with decades of experience in product development. He has founded andEnd to help companies grapple with off-boarding in consumer experiences and gives keynote speeches at conferences all over the world. He also provides training and consulting services to businesses. In the episode, he discussess how companies can nurture and bond with customers to provide a successful off-boarding experience and how doing so can have major impacts on the brand equity. Joe shares techniques such as Daniel Kamen's Peak End Rule to create lasting and memorable endings that will keep consumers engaged and interested in a product or service. He also explains why GDPR has empowered consumers to better protect their data, through competition, the right to be forgotten, and other endings. To learn more about off-boarding at the end of the consumer lifecycle, tune in to our podcast with Joe Macleod. Making the most of customer's life cycle is key to staying ahead, so listen now and don't miss out!
Slideshow for this message is available Introduction James 2 Happy New Year, Faith Community Bible Church. Welcome to 2023. Today we return to the book of James and we are in James chapter 2 verse 14. So turn with me there. Now it's been about a month since we've been in the book of James and today we come to the heart. Everything James is trying to say revolves around the hub of chapter 2 verses 14-26. There could hardly be a more important section of the Bible to understand if you are going to get your mind the doctrine of justification, the doctrine of how we are made right with God. Let's review what James is trying to do. Remember the setup of the book of James. James was the brother of Jesus. He grew up with Jesus. He washed dishes along side of Jesus. He split wood and worked in the garden with Jesus. But he didn't believe in Jesus till after the resurrection. The fact that this sort of unbelief was possible frightened him. Realizing that it was possible to be in this kind of proximity to the Lord of the universe without possessing genuine faith was eye opening to say the least. How could that be? He thought he had a faith. But upon examination, it's pretty hard to say you have a genuine faith while simultaneously accusing the Messiah, God come in the flesh, of being a lunatic. That's a pretty good indication your not on the right track. So it probably got James wondering, “How many people think they have saving faith but really don't.” How many people think, “Oh yeah, I'm good with God.” And God saying to them, “I'm not good with you.” So the book of James was written as a test for the legitimacy of our faith. James is on a mission to make sure you and I are not deceived the way he was. Many people come to church, live moral lives and think because they do those things, they are Christians. But that does not make them Christians. So what does? James wants to tell us. He doesn't want us to be deceived. Here's the really, really scary thing about being deceived. By definition, you don't know it. You are convinced you are not one of those poor deceived fellows. There's not even a hint of doubt. I'm not deceived! But the reality is you are. When the reality finally lands, there is shock, surprise, maybe even horror. Let me give you an example. If I were to ask you, “Do you think you are good judge of people's character?” You'd probably say, “Yes.” That's how 99% of the human race answers that question. Let me ask you a second question, do you think that 99% of people are good judges of character? Not a chance in the world. In fact, most studies reveal that the people who are the worst at this are the most confident. They are the most blind. And you might think, there's no way. I know I'm a good judge of character. But how do you know you're not one of the people who is the most confident but in fact is the most blind? The only way to know for sure would be to take an objective test. To trust a test outside of our own perception. Well, that's what James is doing here in regards to faith. He's saying, “I actually don't really care what you say. People can SAY and do SAY anything. I'm going to trust the objective test results.” He's trying to push our confidence outside of our own perception to something objective. He's trying to say, the whole problem with being deceived is that you are listening to the wrong source. You need other sources of truth. Your relying too heavily on your internal world. You need to locate your confidence on something objective outside of your internal world. And so he's developing a series of objective tests to help us evaluate the genuineness of our faith. That's what the book of James is all about. And we've seen many of these test thus far in the book. Genuine faith has joy in trials Genuine faith doesn't seek the world's approval Genuine faith is not characterized by anger. Genuine faith does not show favoritism. But today we come to the core principle at work in all tests. It's the operating principle out of which the test questions come. And here is that principle: Genuine faith works. This is a two week series on verses 14-26. Today we are going to focus on the principle in verses 14-18 and then next week will focus on the examples he gives in verses 19-26. So let's look at the principle here: Now every Christian who reads their Bible carefully, at some point in their life struggles with this text. Why? Because it appears on a surface reading to be in direct contraction to what Paul says about faith in Romans 3 and in Galatians 2. So keep in mind that James is saying faith without works is useless. In fact, he's going to summarize it here in verse 24. That's the summary point of this entire section. If you know anything about the reformation, you can almost hear Martin Luther and Zwingli and Calvin groaning right there. All the reformers would just be squirming in their chairs. All the reformers focused on Paul's articulation of justification which, in fact, is the exact opposite of James. So get James' articulation in your head. A person is justified by WORKS and not by faith alone. Now let's read Paul. Paul is in a section in Romans 3 where he is talking about the hopeless condition of mankind in their sin. He's saying we are all under sin. We are just sin machines. If you want to use works as a qualifier to enter heaven, we are all failures. None of us can be justified, can be made right with God on the basis of our works. Romans 3 If that wasn't clear enough he says it again in verse 28. And if that wasn't clear enough listen to how he says it in Galatians 2. In Galatians 2 Paul is talking about the danger of trying to make distinctions among ourselves based on our works. He's saying, “Listen, our works don't make us right with God. God makes us right with God.” Listen how he says it. Galatians 2 Now just to illustrate this in all it's brilliant 3D color, let's put Paul and James side by side, let's put them in the boxing ring and let em fight it out: So what's going on here. Is the Bible contradicting itself? If the Bible is contradicting itself, we all just need to go home because one of the most basic tenants of Christianity is that the Bible has internal consistency. There's an integrity to it. Well, let me put an end to the suspense. The Bible is not contradicting itself. Let's begin by saying, even within the book of James, there's plenty of evidence that James agrees with Paul and the reformers. Salvation is by grace alone through faith alone apart from any works of the law. James would agree with that. Both Paul and James were at the Jerusalem counsel in Acts 15 where they all agreed salvation is for all people apart from works of the law. Earlier in chapter 2:5 James talks about Christians as being heirs of the kingdom. Think about what that implies regarding salvation. What is the difference between wages and an inheritance? Wages are given because of work performed. Inheritances are given because of who you are. Wages are related to effort. Inheritance is related to DNA. Wages are conditional upon performance. Inheritance is certain. Wages are deposited piece by piece according to merit. Inheritance is already in the bank. These are massively different concepts. For James to say that Christians are heirs to the kingdom means we are not earning our salvation; we are heirs of salvation. There's no way James is saying, "You are heirs of the kingdom of God, now work to get your inheritance."James agrees with Paul. We are saved by grace. So why do Paul and James sound so different? Why do they sound like they are contradicting one another. The answer is simple. Paul is using the word justification differently than James. To illustrate this, let me ask you to interpret this sentence. Here's the sentence: What do I mean? It can mean one of two things. If I just got in trouble with the law, then it almost certain means, I'm going to a lawyer and he is going to give me some advice. But grammatically it has another possible meaning. Let's just paint a different context. Let's say I was a successful well-known, seasoned lawyer who had been in the industry for 40 years and I changed my focus from practicing to consulting. Now what does that sentence mean? I'm going to go consult a lawyer. It's literally the opposite meaning. Instead of going to receive advice, I'm going to go give advice. The word justification is similar in that it can have opposite meanings. James is using the word justified in a different way than Paul is using it. So let's start by explaining the two possible different meanings: The word justified, δικαιόω, can mean to be made right. So, given that definition, if you have a debt, you justify yourself, you make yourself right, by paying the debt. When you make that payment you have become justified because now the debt has a zero BALANCE. Think about how we use the word in reference to our word processors. When we JUSTIFY the margins in our documents we are balancing the left and right sides of the document. Justified is to make everything balanced. So that's one usage of the word. This is the way Paul is using the word. But the word justified has another possible meaning. It had another meaning then just as it has another meaning now. It can also mean, to prove yourself right? For example, I'm a tech nerd so I love clean energy. If you said to me, hey solar energy is bad for the environment, I'd say, "Can you justify that statement." How am I using the word justify there. I'm not saying, you're in debt and you need to balance the books. Rather, I'm saying, demonstrate that this statement is a true statement. Demonstrate that the claim is legitimate. I'm saying, prove to me that what you said is true. Give me evidence for your claim. That's exactly the difference between Paul and James. When Paul says we're justified by faith, he means we cannot BALANCE the debt on our own. We cannot be made right with God except through the merits of Jesus Christ and the works of Jesus Christ. We can't make ourselves right. It doesn't matter how much we work. Our works will never balance the books. The only way to balance the books is for God to credit us his righteousness. The credit, the balancing is an act of the mercy of God apart from our works. That's why he says, “by works of the law no one will be justified” James on the other hand is coming at it from the opposite perspective. You claim you've been justified apart from the works of the law. Great, demonstrate it. Prove to me that what you are saying is more than just words. Let me illustrate this way. Right now, it's winter and all the leaves are off the trees so it's hard to tell the variety. You come over to my house and you see these two trees in my back yard. And I make a claim, “This tree is an apple trees.” Paul and James would respond differently to that claim. Paul would say, I don't care what you say. What makes an apple tree an apple tree is DNA. It's genetics. No amount of spading the ground, fertilizing, watering will make an apple tree. No amount of talking. An apple tree has to be born of an apple seed. And an apple seed comes from God. God makes apple trees apart from the will of the apple tree or men. That's Paul. James would listen to that same claim, “This tree is an apple tree.” And he would, "I don't care what you say. How do I know those aren't just words. Prove it. Let me see the shape of the leaf. If it's an apple tree it will have a certain shape. If it's an apple tree there will be a certain type of flower when it blossoms and then you will see the fruit. Give me some evidence that your claim is true. That's James James and Paul looking at Justifications from opposite sides of same coin. Paul is talking about cause. What's caused you to become saved. James is talking about effect. If you have been saved, what effect will that have on your life. What effect does that salvation have on your living. Paul and James are concerned about different abuses. Paul says, “You think WORKS can get you into heaven. Ha! Your fooled.” James says, “You think WORDS can get you into heaven. Ha! Your fooled.” Paul is guarding against people who think they can TOIL their way into kingdom. James is guarding against people who think they can TALK their way into kingdom. When Paul says we're justified WITHOUT works, he means it's God's mercy that MAKES us right with God. When James says we're justify BY our works, he means it's our works DEOMONSTRATE God's work. Or as it has been famously articulated: I think you need quotes on the second faith in order to read it properly. So that's how to understand the text. The Application Now there's a tremendous amount of satisfaction that comes in understanding the concept here. It feels good to have intellectual resolve. But we need to make sure we don't miss the point. It is so important to not just understand how the test works but to actually take the test. It's literally the difference between understanding how an MRI machine works and getting an MRI. Let's not treat this like an academic exercise. James intends this test to land and confront us. He intends us to take the test and to have the test results come back. Don't give this test to other people. Give it to yourself. Here's how you take the test. There's three questions on the test. So in order to pass the test you just have to check yes to three questions. It's a very simple test. The test will answer this question: do I have saving faith? Historically, theologians have given saving faith three characteristics, and they've used three Latin words to describe these elements of saving faith. So the first question on the test is do you have notitia? Do you have the information of the gospel? The first “element” that saving faith entails is an intellectual understanding to the bare facts of the gospel. It's the raw fact. It's the data. It's the information. You have to know what the gospel is or you cannot be a Christian — you must know that Jesus, the eternal Son of God took on flesh and was born of the virgin Mary. He was born under the Law and was obedient to God and then died on the cross for our sins and rose again all in fulfillment of the Scriptures. You have to know who God is. You have to know the facts. Being a Christian is not less than that. But James wants us to go beyond the intellect. Let's get beyond the raw data. Now the way he illustrates the necessity of going beyond raw data is by giving us an example. It's just absolutely startling example. What is he saying here. It's not bad to know about God. You do well. But let me just remind you, it'a a lot more than knowledge. Be careful in being smug in your knowledge. Be careful in pointing to knowledge as the evidence that your faith is genuine. Knowledge is part of the equation but it's not all of the equation. Could a demon write a systematic theology? Yes. What would a demon score on a quiz in seminary about the attributes of God. He would score 100% Do you see the point? Knowledge of God is great. But you can have perfect knowledge of God and still be nothing more than a demon. Perfect knowledge of God has elevated you no higher than rank of demon. That might surprise you. But it's true. So what else do I need? How do I distinguish between true saving faith and the experience of demons? It must be related to something other than knowledge. Well there's a second aspect. Here's the second question on the test. Not only must there be an intellectual assent to the facts of the gospel, there must also be a conviction that these facts are true. When the facts land, an emotional response is created. There must be an emotional response. For example, I can tell you all the facts (information, the notitia) of the story of the Apollo missions and the landing on the moon. But you must believe that it is true. Some people have a knowledge of the facts of the lunar landing. But they believe the whole thing was a great big fabrication. They think it was all one big giant hoax and consequently they feel nothing. There's no assensus. But if you do believe it's true, if you watch the footage, you see the rocket taking off, you watch it land on the moon, it creates a feeling of awe. That's amazing that they did that. Saving faith both understands the gospel facts and believes that those facts are true. But you know what? You still haven't advanced beyond a demon. He says, “You believe God is one. Good! So do the demons. The demons believe and what? Shudder. There's assensus.” Belief is a shorthand way of saying you have both notita and assensus. You see a demon has notitia (knowledge). He has knowledge that God is one. And he has assensus (believes) - he believes that God is one. And because he believes there is an emotional response. He shudders. There's the emotional component. Believe me: a demon respects God. I think it's probably quite accurate to say that a demon believes that God is one more than you or I believe God is one. Demons have been to the absolute greatest seminary in the universe. They've been to heaven. They have seen God. They know more about God than Paul, James, Moses combined. They both know and believe. "Get all the knowledge you can about God. That's wonderful. Be as precise and accurate as possible. Terrific. Then believe that these things are true. Terrific. But those two things by themselves still don't qualify you to be anything more than a demon. You can be a demon and have that. So what is it. Your killing me. What separates demons from Christians? There's a third aspect. He's the third question on the test. It's the trust. It's a decision of the will to place my life under submission to what I know and believe. To return to the appollo rocket analogy. Faith is not just receiving the raw information that rockets made it to the moon. It's not just agreement that this event happened. It's also trust. It's saying, “I'll get on that rocket. I'll believe it to the point where I will put my life in that rocket.” Faith is not merely a matter of the intellect, nor of the intellect and the emotions combined; it is also a matter of the will. It's a determination of the soul to commit and entrust my life entirely to something. Without this act of the will, the object of belief - which in this case God - which remains outside of him. It cannot be part of him until he surrenders his will. God is able to help; he is willing to help. But if the sinner is unwilling to trust him, if he has no fiducia then God cannot help. Listen it is at this point where most ‘so called Christians' are deceived. This is why James is so big on works. Because the works is the evidence that you have fiducia. The works is the evidence that your faith is genuine. It's why he gives the example of helping the poor. How can you say, “I have genuine faith in God” when I'm not interested in what God tells me to be interested in. How can you say, “I've gone all in with God.” while not going all in with God? That's not faith. That's something else. Let's take the book of James and apply it to TESLA stock, “If you came up to James and said, I have faith that TESLA stock will tripple this year." James would look at you and say, "Really? That's great.” I've got one question for you: How much do you have invested? Well, Nothing. James would say: You have notitia. You have assensus. But you do not have fiducia. You don't have trust. If you had faith, your investment would demonstrate your faith. But you no investment; therefore, you have no faith. James wants to know, “Are you a true Christian like you think you are? Are you invested? Does your life demonstrate that you actually believe these things? Have you actually entrusted yourself and all that you are into the hands of the God of truth.” This is why faith and repentance are always related. Those who put their faith in Christ turn from their sins. Investing in TESLA is a decision to not invest in everything else. Boarding the rocket is choosing to not stay on earth. And TRUSTING in Jesus Christ is a decision to NOT trust in anything else this world has to offer. It's not trusting in money, it's not trusting in people's opinions, your ability, your talents, your status… Repentance is not faith and faith is not repentance. But the two are impossibly interconnected. The turn to God in saving faith causes true repentance of turning from sin. I think what James is really concerned about is just how scary possible it is to have notitia (knowledge) and (assensus) and not have the one key piece (fiducia). This happens at all levels of life. How many of you know that overeating is bad for you (notitia)? How many of you believe that overeating is bad for you (assensus)? How many of you still overeat? You lack the fiducia. You actually trust something else. No matter how unhealthy it is, I choose to submit to food, because I want what food gives me. Why would we do that? We are willfully ignorant of the consequences, in pursuit of our precious. We think that by stubbornly fighting, we can somehow alpha male our way through it. Oh it's scary possible, friend. It's scary possible to have information about something, agree with something but not ultimately submit to it. That's why James uses demons as his primary demonstration of this phenomena. Demons don't shake their fist at God. What do they do? They shudder! They run from him. They respect the greatness of God and therefore they are frightened. They know what he can do. And rather to submit to him, they move about in the shadows. Remember what the demons said to Jesus during his earthly ministry. Leave us alone. Depart from us Son of God. They know what he was capable of doing. This, my friend, is the greatest evidence that you who think you are a Christian, in fact are not a Christian at all. Is that how you live your life? Leave me alone God. Leave me to myself. Leave me to my own devices. I want to lurk here in the shadows. If that's true, then you don't have fudicia. You aren't any different than a demon. It's very possible for us to know God is great, to believe God is great and shudder. It's possible to be scared of punishment, and to even alter your behavior and become a very moral person, even an incredibly moral person, even an incredibly religious person. But all of your religion and all of your morality is nothing but shuddering. It's just religious fire insurance. I know there's a God but I don't want to submit to him. I'll do just enough to keep him happy, to keep him off my back. The Gospel and How to Receive it So what do you need to do? What is the one thing you need to do? You need entrust yourself to the God of the Universe. You need to go all in. That's the ticket. That's the key. How do you know if you have saving faith? It works. It evidences itself in the will being bent in a certain direction. Windows orphas, trials. all sorts of stuff. There's an evidence in your life that you are all in with Jesus. The point for us is that all three of these characteristics must be present in faith or otherwise it is not saving faith. Let's take a moment and pray and bend the will to God. Prayer of Submission
Happy new year, welcome to this episode of Just Havin a Crack.Our guest on this episode is Professional Golfer and Cricketer Peter McWhinney.A country lad from the Darling Downs in Queensland till his family moved to rural NSW Peter was a sporting kid. He loved his cricket and football.Boarding at a private school in Sydney Peter twice took 10 wickets in an innings once in the 10'a and 1st XII.Moving back to Queensland to play cricket Peter joined Wests cricket club on the western side of Brisbane.In his first game, he took 10 wickets for the day over two innings, was promoted to second grade, and playing 1st grade.Whilst as Wests he was invited to play golf at Brisbane Golf Club, a club where in 8 months was down to scratch and he eventually became a trainee pro.Listen as Peter describes his time on the Troppo tour here in Queensland, the European tour, the Japanese Tour, and his tassels with the Shark on the Australian circuit.
This week on @whenwifegivesyoulemons we talk about Christmas. This is the last podcast of the year. John and Joy talk about buying sex toy at Walmart, sledding with the kids, double standard drinking, and going viral #sextoys #walmart #sledding
In this New Year's 2023 Cohost Conversation episode of Relentlessly Resilient, hosts Michelle Scharf and Jennie Taylor discuss their vision for 2023. How has Intentional Vision Boarding helped Michelle with her 2022 goals? And what are some Grounding Techniques designed to help Jennie with her hectic life? While life never happens like we hope and plan, we can always press through discomfort to dream big about our future. Even though we live in challenging times we can become Relentlessly Resilient as we lean on and learn from one another's experiences. Hosts Jennie Taylor and Michelle Scharf are no strangers to overcoming adversity; Michelle lost her husband to cancer, while Jennie's husband Major Brent Taylor was killed in the service of our country. Their stories bond them together and now listeners can join them weekly as they visit with others enduring challenges and who teach us how they are exercising resiliency, finding value in their grief, and purpose in moving forward. Listen to the Relentlessly Resilient Podcast regularly on your favorite platform, at kslpodcasts.com, kslnewsradio.com, or on the KSL App. Join the Resilience conversation on Facebook at @RelentlesslyResilient and Instagram @RelentlesslyResilientPodcast. Produced by KellieAnn Halvorsen.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Habits & Health episode 98 with Christopher Maher, a former US Navy SEAL who endured intense physical, mental, and emotional stress as a US Navy SEAL and child. In this episode we discuss stress resolution and balance and what that means. By combining a “seal team mindset” with modern stress resolution strategies, Christopher taught himself to free his body, mind, and emotions from pain, tension, and emotional distortion by developing subtractive tools for eliminating unresolved stress, tension, and emotional distortion. Christopher studied Traditional Chinese Medical Practices at the Pacific College of Oriental Medicine and at Yo San University before continuing his studies at The Universal Healing Tao System. Timestamps for topics discussed in this episode: 06:21 In the navy 08:37 SEAL training 10:24 The difference between SEALS and the navy 15:47 Intensity of being in the SEALS 17:05 Dealing with stress as a SEAL and afterwards 18:02 What stress does to the body 19:53 Training as a semi professional athlete 22:45 Boarding school 24:40 Finding purpose 26:22 Introduction to the Healing Dao System and Chinese medicine 27:38 Studying stress 29:50 I come from a country of peasants 31:04 Difference between stress management and stress resolution 32:00 Negative stress management tools 32:46 Positive stress management tools 35:32 Stress Resolution 37:13 Lifetime Accumulated Stress 40:34 Hormetic stress 41:33 Temperatures 43:17 Limiting beliefs 45:30 What do you mean by balance? 48:55 Tao Te Ching Full shownotes including a transcription available at: https://tonywinyard.com/christopher-maher/ Habits & Health links: Website - tonywinyard.com Facebook Page - facebook.com/TonyWinyard.HabitsAndHealth Facebook Group - facebook.com/groups/habitshealth Twitter - @TonyWinyard Instagram - @tony.winyard LinkedIn - uk.linkedin.com/in/tonywinyard YouTube How to leave a podcast review - tonywinyard.com/how-to-leave-a-podcast-review/ Details of online workshops to create habits for health - tonywinyard.com/training/ Are you in control of your habits or are they in control of you? Take my quiz to find out - tonywinyard.com/quiz
Greg and Ryan continue their discussion on who to roll for when Honkai Starrail comes out. They recorded this a week before christmas and unfortunately their wifi died during the last part of the episode so they need to do a part 3 soon!
Ross Bolen and Jared Borislow discuss A.I. art generators, cigarette sales in New Zealand, reclining seats on trains and planes, boarding and deboarding flights, and police body cam debacles. Plus, a special preview of our interview with Daniel Barousse of Barousse Works! Support our sponsors: Indochino.com (code "RBP" for 10% OFF any purchase of $399+) Talkspace.com (code "RBP" for $100 OFF your first month) FelixGrayGlasses.com/RBP for free shipping/returns/exchanges MyBookie.ag (code "ROSS" to unlock deposit bonus) Support the podcast in exchange for premium podcasts: Patreon.com/RossBolenPodcast Presented by Bolen Media: BolenMedia.com
I'm so pleased to share this interview with you today. I'm talking with Orazie Cook, the founder of Praline's Backyard. Her impactful dog daycare and boarding facility is inspired by a sobering statistic that affects women and dogs around the country. 10 million people in the US are affected by domestic violence each year. With roughly 50% of Americans owning dogs, that's 5 million dog owners who are impacted. The rough part is, the percentage of domestic violence shelters that can take pets is only about 15%. Orazie plans to make a difference in those numbers by providing housing for pets of individuals who are in a housing transition due to an unsafe relationship. Especially at this time of year, I hope that this episode warms your heart to know that there are people out there making a difference in the world. In addition to talking about the soon-to-be daycare and boarding facility, Orazie shares some great advice about changing careers to follow your passion for pets. Even if you feel that you don't have any pet industry experience on your resume - you do have a skillset and a zone of genius to tap into! Speaking of a zone of genius… Are you a dog walking or pet sitting professional? Head over to petpocketbook.com to check out this all-in-one software to run your business on the go. Thank you PetPocketbook for sponsoring the podcast this month!
Welcome to Bagging, Boarding, and Chatting. The Comic Book Show with Gary from @nerdrotic , AZ from @HeelvsBabyface Long Man @MauLerYT @EveryFrameAPause & @NinaInfinity WithContinue reading
Are you feeling like your life is passing by and you're not making the most out of it? Sometimes we feel like our life is a total mess and everything is not going our way and we have nothing to do but to go with the flow, live with it and settle for less. But do we really have to settle for less or you'll step up and take a leap of faith to live your life to the fullest? In today's episode, we have invited Stacey Birch. She is the definition of a mother who'll do everything to give all the best to her child and still live her life to the fullest. Heal your body and mind with RYZE mushroom coffee. Click here to get started! Visit secondwindthepodcast.com for full show notes. Join My Second Wind Facebook Group
In this episode, through oral drill quizzes you'll practice and learn how to tell and to ask for a flight's schedule, using the verbs ‘to start' , ‘to end' etc., in Hindi. And you will also learn how to say – ‘What time does the boarding end?' and ‘What terminal does the flight go from?', in Hindi. And if you stay till the end, you can participate in an interactive role-play quiz, as well. Our oral drills will help you reinforce the sentence structures that you have learned in our previous podcast lessons. They also train you to think, in Hindi and can help you assess your progress. Kindly support us & get access to the transcript of this podcast as well as the detailed worksheet based on this podcast with more vocabulary and weekly Exercise worksheets on Patreon : https://www.patreon.com/learnhindionthego You could also join our Hindi Leaners' community on Facebook, in which Hindi learners help each other in learning Hindi, share learning and travel tips & give their feedbacks & suggest songs /topics for podcasts - link: www.facebook.com/groups/learnhindionthegocommunity/ To take a free trial for online Hindi lessons visit: https://learnhindischool.com Find out more at https://learn-hindi-on-the-go.pinecast.co This podcast is powered by Pinecast.
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MotA-Minute: Marky Mark and The Minute of the Apes - Minute 02The “Planet of the Apes” is kicked off in only the way Tim Burton can kick off a franchise, by adding Dirk Diggler to the world of apes!Follow us on:Facebook @MinuteOfTheApesTwitter @MinuteOfTheApes (Not Updating because Elon Musk is a tool)Email: email@example.comWebsite: https://www.minuteoftheapes.com/http://moviesbyminutes.com/https://www.zeuscomics.com/http://divebarboombox.com/“Antibody” by Chris Williams (shorturl.at/ctNY4)Follow Nala on Instagram: holla_its_nala1
Courtney McWilliams joins us from MaryMac's Doggie Retreat, New Orleans' first black-owned doggie daycare and spa boutique! If you want to dive into the importance of personalized care for your pet (especially with separation anxiety) the experience of a dog in Courtney's care, and her tips for other aspiring black business owners, listen to her discussion about starting this fantastic haven for dogs.
Negligence in Boarding or Alighting of Passenger I’m David Holub, an attorney focusing on personal injury law in northwest Indiana. Welcome to Personal Injury Primer, where we break down the law into simple terms, provide legal tips, and discuss personal injury law topics. Today’s question comes from a caller whose handicapped 15-year-old daughter fell while […] The post Ep 183 – Negligence in Boarding or Alighting of Passenger first appeared on Personal Injury Primer.
Episode 69. Tommy and MJ are in New York this week and they talk about the series of events that took place on the way there. MJ blacks out before the plan even takes off and has no recollection of the first few hours of their journey. Therefore, Tommy shares what happened and why MJ was nearly kicked off the plane. They also talk about their trip to the Natural History Museum, New York traffic, and plans for Thanksgiving. Happy Thanksgiving Dirties, we are so thankful for all of you! Thank you to our sponsor, Peak 7 Vodka Go to peak7vodka.com for free shipping when you order 3 bottles or more with the code TillTheDirt. Enjoy responsibly. The Till the Dirt Patreon is LIVE! https://www.patreon.com/tillthedirt?utm_campaign=creatorshare_fan Do you want to be featured on the pod? DM us at @tillthedirtpodcast on Instagram for a chance to have your question answered by Tommy and MJ. Till the Dirt Merch is here! https://tillthedirtpodcast.com/merchandise/ Do you want a personalized video from MJ or Tommy? https://www.cameo.com/mercedesjavid https://www.cameo.com/tfeightnyc If you would like to donate, send books or pick books from Tommy's Amazon wish list visit https://feightclub.com Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Our guest this week is Jimmy Jazz. He is back to talk about credit card strategies and other low roller plays.We welcome your questions - send them to us at firstname.lastname@example.org, http://facebook.com/gamblingwithanedge, or you can find me at @RWM21 on Twitter.Show Notes[00:00] Introduction of value seeker and credit card points expert, Jimmy Jazz[00:47] Halloween in Las Vegas[02:11] Rental car issues, tips, duplicate reservations, etc[10:21] AutoSlash.com[12:10] Four Queens and Binion's merger[17:59] Boarding pass deals at The D[21:13] Playing at The D, Golden Gate, Circa to generate offers[26:18] Point generation on advantage slots[32:45] Commercials[36:16] Caesars MasterCard[39:07] Seven Stars status[41:00] I-bonds[43:31] Discover Bank savings account[44:32] Predictit.org[45:19] Food options in Las Vegas[52:26] Gas prices[54:56] Recommended: Makers and Finders, Supreme Courtship by Christopher Buckley, PanevinoSponsored Links:http://SouthPointCasino.comhttp://BlackjackApprenticeship.comhttp://VideoPoker.com/gwaehttp://Unabated.comSites Referenced:http://AutoSlash.comhttp://GasBuddy.comhttp://Upside.comRecommended:http://Makerslv.comSupreme Courtship by Christopher Buckley - https://amzn.to/3TshVybhttp://Panevinolasvegas.com
Today on the show we're excited to have Theo Harris here to discuss Onboarding Into Elixir. Theo is a technical consultant working for Alembic in Sydney, Australia. He is currently working on a project utilizing Elixir and Phoenix LiveView. Tune in today to learn more about Onboarding Into Elixir, from our guest Theo Harris! Key Points From This Episode: A brief breakdown of today's topic and introduction to our special guest, Theo Harris Theo lets us in on his current hot tech take We discuss accessibility tips and tricks Theo gives us the run down on Alembic and what they do at their company We find out whether or not Theo has a pet dinosaur We learn of the technical challenges that Theo has faced as an Elixir Engineer The breakdown of the onboarding process at Alembic Theo gives advice to beginners on how to learn Elixir/Phoenix Links Mentioned in Today's Episode: Theo Harris on Twitter — https://twitter.com/dino_coder Theo Harris on GitHub — https://github.com/Theosaurus-Rexv Theo Harris on LinkedIn — https://www.linkedin.com/in/theo-harris-coder/ Alembic — https://alembic.com.au/ SmartLogic — https://smartlogic.io/ SmartLogic Twitter — https://twitter.com/smartlogic
US midterm elections proceed without cyber disruption. Communications security lessons learned. CISA publishes new entries to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog. Patch Tuesday notes. Carole Theriault examines cross border money laundering. The FBI's Bryan Vorndran offers guidance on how companies should think about their exposure in china. And a recent study finds reasons to be concerned about off-boarding. For links to all of today's stories check out our CyberWire daily news briefing: https://thecyberwire.com/newsletters/daily-briefing/11/216 Selected reading. Taking a look at election security on US midterm Election Day. (CyberWire) Communications Security: Lessons Learned From Ukraine (BlackBerry) CISA Adds Seven Known Exploited Vulnerabilities to Catalog (CISA) Microsoft November 2022 Patch Tuesday (SANS Institute) November Patch Tuesday Updates | 2022 (Syxsense Inc) Microsoft Fixes Six Actively Exploited Flaws (Decipher) Microsoft fixes ProxyNotShell Exchange zero-days exploited in attacks (BleepingComputer) Microsoft Scrambles to Thwart New Zero-Day Attacks (SecurityWeek) Infrastructure access and security. (CyberWire)
Welcome to True Grace Church. We are happy you are here. Is this your first time? We want to hear from you! Fill out our Online Next Steps card: www.truegrace.church/NextSteps Do you have a Prayer Request? Let us know: www.truegrace.church/PrayerRequest
Earnings call recap. PSNY institutes a new "boarding system" for bike classes. Peloton now available at Dick's Sporting Goods. Peloton advertises on Uber app. The ESG report outlines how Peloton is helping the environment. There's a new class type - Extra 10. John Foley maxed out pledged shares to cover margin calls. SNL's Weekend Update takes a shot at Peloton over Kanye. DJ Muggs of Cypress Hill drops his lawsuit. Dr. Jenn - Navigating menopause and perimenopause. Becs Gentry had her baby! Cody has a new series on the Bike - LOL Cody. EW writes about Cody's new series. Peloton spotlighted some of various instructors' Halloween costumes. Robin Arzon had a costume snafu. Kirra Michel was on the Healthy-ish Podcast. Hannah Frankson was on a BHM UK panel. Andy Speers & Rebecca Kennedy have "unofficial" Peloton updates. Rebecca Kennedy's dog's IG account got deleted. Emma Lovewell moves her newsletter to Substack. Selena Samuela did an IG Live with Elyse Kopecky. Selena is also in training for an Iron Man. Sam Yo shares his love of Ghostbusters and LEGOs. Tobias did his last class before Manaslu. Kendall Toole has a new schedule. Angelo has advice for losing weight but still having enough fuel for training. Mariah Carey closes out Halloween on a Peloton. Cody Rigsby had thoughts about Mariah's post. Ashton Kutcher wraps up Our Future Selves with John Baptiste. The latest artist series features Kendrick Lamar. We have new Lanebreak levels. Spiritual Gangster and Kendall Toole have another collection. Birthdays - Chase Tucker (11/05), Mayla Wedekind (11/9), Aditi Shah (11/10) All this plus our interview with Karen Brady!
Earnings call recap.PSNY institutes a new "boarding system" for bike classes.Peloton now available at Dick's Sporting Goods.Peloton advertises on Uber app.The ESG report outlines how Peloton is helping the environment.There's a new class type - Extra 10.John Foley maxed out pledged shares to cover margin calls.SNL's Weekend Update takes a shot at Peloton over Kanye.DJ Muggs of Cypress Hill drops his lawsuit.Dr. Jenn - Navigating menopause and perimenopause.Becs Gentry had her baby!Cody has a new series on the Bike - LOL Cody.EW writes about Cody's new series.Peloton spotlighted some of various instructors' Halloween costumes.Robin Arzon had a costume snafu.Kirra Michel was on the Healthy-ish Podcast.Hannah Frankson was on a BHM UK panel.Andy Speers & Rebecca Kennedy have "unofficial" Peloton updates.Rebecca Kennedy's dog's IG account got deleted.Emma Lovewell moves her newsletter to Substack.Selena Samuela did an IG Live with Elyse Kopecky.Selena is also in training for an Iron Man.Sam Yo shares his love of Ghostbusters and LEGOs.Tobias did his last class before Manaslu.Kendall Toole has a new schedule.Angelo has advice for losing weight but still having enough fuel for training.Mariah Carey closes out Halloween on a Peloton.Cody Rigsby had thoughts about Mariah's post.Ashton Kutcher wraps up Our Future Selves with John Baptiste.The latest artist series features Kendrick Lamar.We have new Lanebreak levels.Spiritual Gangster and Kendall Toole have another collection.Birthdays - Chase Tucker (11/05), Mayla Wedekind (11/9), Aditi Shah (11/10)All this plus our interview with Karen Brady!See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Welcome to True Grace Church. We are happy you are here. Is this your first time? We want to hear from you! Fill out our Online Next Steps card: www.truegrace.church/NextSteps Do you have a Prayer Request? Let us know: www.truegrace.church/PrayerRequest
In today's episode, we are chatting about all things on-boarding & the important systems to put in place! Not only will these tips help build relationships with your enrolled families fast but it will reduce questions & increase retention! (Which will ALL want!) We will touch on: What is an on-boarding system? Why we have one? Email Series Dance Databases Important things to include
Join me as I chat with the infamous Sae Jackson! Korean born, half-Hawaiian, small-town Virginia-raised, University of Florida graduate turned Houstonian; Sae shares her experience moving to Saudi Arabia with 2 middle school-aged kids. From working as an RN while hubby wasn't traveling, being a full hands on mom with PTA involvement, she shares it's in those "volunteer, stay at home mom" days that led to having such strong friendships that are still just as strong today. Boarding school for her two middle schoolers soon came into her horizon and she shares more about having them attend a boarding school in England and how when COVID hit, it was quite an eye-opener, especially for her youngest, Regan. A decision was made for her to transfer to a boarding school in Hawaii and although this was stressful, it has been a huge turnaround for Regan's benefit. Lastly, Sae shares her experience of being diagnosed exactly one year ago here in Saudi with breast cancer, her new appreciation for the specialist here, and that although she is already cancer free, she is still not out of the woods with post-mastectomy complications. Her main message here is "EARLY DETECTION!" Be sure to keep up with the annual women's well visit, self-breast exams, and yearly mammograms. To follow more of her journey please follow her on IG@sunnysae and fb@Sae Jackson
Every landlord should act like a private investigator, and that starts by observing applicant behavior during the showing and on-boarding process. If an applicant is afraid to answer questions or provide even the most basic documentation then you should have questions.
Joanna is currently CEO for CP Skin Health US, a subsidiary of Colgate-Palmolive made up of leading professional skin care brands EltaMD, PCA skin and Filorga. Joanna has over 25 years of experience leading brands and businesses in over 60 countries across both CPG and Retail industries, public and private equity owned companies. Prior to PCA, she was V.P. PetSmart's Pet Services division and spent 18+ years as Global Business/Marketing leader at Procter & Gamble, Joanna has led and grown multi-million dollar brands and businesses in a variety of categories. Joanna offers extensive experience in P&L management, Brand Building, Customer experience, Innovation, new business development & models, GTM strategies, Brand equity/identity, Marketing, Retail operations, , Workforce Training and Development, Compensation models, and recruiting & building strong teams. Joanna's strong leadership, analytical and creative skills have allowed her to master all the phases of business leadership from the front end of innovation and new business development, to short and long term growth strategies, annual marketing and sales plans and P&L management. Joanna worked abroad in Brussels, Belgium and spent 9 years in global leadership roles at P&G, hence she is versatile in marketplace assessments, consumer research and insights, and GTM playbooks to maximize the businesses potential in each unique market. Joanna successfully transferred her skills from CPG to Retail and led the $900M Services (Grooming, Boarding, Day Camp, Training) business for PetSmart from strategy to daily operations and P&L. She oversaw over 22,000 associates in store and their T&D, compensation, Policies & Procedures, performance metrics, facilities and equipment. Joanna is a published author of Millennium Mom, a work-life balance self-help book published in 2008, and was a monthly guest contributor on Fox 19 in Cincinnati, OH from 2008-2013. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/skincareanarchy/message
Welcome to True Grace Church. We are happy you are here. Is this your first time? We want to hear from you! Fill out our Online Next Steps card: www.truegrace.church/NextSteps Do you have a Prayer Request? Let us know: www.truegrace.church/PrayerRequest
This is the Idiot News Network where idiots aren't just in the news, they report the news! For Thursday October 20th, 2022:Jubal Fresh reports on a study that came out that found out that your bad dancing could be your parents fault!Social Media Producer Christian Gray Snow reports on drivers that have become testers for something in their car!Alex Fresh reports on one famous 25 year old who was boarded a plane and was mistaken for a child! Leave a rating and review wherever you listen. It will help the show out in a big way. If that's not your thing, you can find us on social media here:https://instagram.com/thejubalshowhttps://twitter.com/thejubalshowhttps://www.tiktok.com/@thejubalshow
When boarding a boat from the land, a dinghy or the water, there are many details you can adjust to make it easier and safer for all involved. As part of this episode, we look at some ideas if you accidentally find yourself in the water whilst boarding to help make sure you can get back on board or onto the dock again.
In this episode I am joined by Bruce Frantzis, world renowned Taoist master and author of books such as ‘Opening the Energy Gates of your Body' and ‘Taoist Sexual Meditation'. Bruce recalls his turbulent childhood living with a schizophrenic mother, witnessing murders in New York city, and early training in martial arts and meditation. Bruce recounts a lifetime of adventurous travel and powerful encounters with spiritual and energetic masters in Japan, China, and India. Bruce describes his induction into a secret Taoist priesthood, his discipleship under Taoist immortal Liu Hung Cheh, and his training under Dzogchen masters such as Dudjom Rinpoche, Namkhai Norbu, and Lama Wangdor. Bruce also discusses the keys to Taoist meditation, the mechanics of mind-to-mind spiritual transmission, and how to heal mental, emotional, psychic, and karmic traumas. … Video version: https://www.guruviking.com/podcast/ep171-taoist-master-bruce-frantzis Also available on Youtube, iTunes, & Spotify – search ‘Guru Viking Podcast'. … Topics Include: 00:00 - Intro 01:02 - Bruce's troubled childhood with his schizophrenic mother 03:10 - Boarding school at 6 and appetite for learning 07:12 - Spontaneous meditation practice as a child and other karmic presages 09:18 - Witnessing violent killings and beginning martial arts 14:13- Participation in the 60s counter culture 17:55 - Facing death at first Zen sesshin 20:03 - The New York scene 23:03 - Intense martial arts training in Japan 26:07 - Shocking meeting with Wang Shujin 30:31 - Adventures travelling in Asia 34:59 - Life changing experiences in India 42:38 - Getting busted in Okinawa 44:32 - Encountering a secret Taoist priesthood and further adventures in America 49:58 - Travelling through Europe 51:47 - Dangerous encounters in the Middle East 54:24 - One year of kundalini practice in a cave in India 58:19 - Surviving hepatitis and travel to Kashmir 01:03:27 - Further studies in East Asia 01:06:02 - Return to the USA 01:06:21 - More Hong Kong anecdotes 01:08:56 - Bagua and challenge matches 01:17:16 - Bruce's observations about meditation after 60 years of practice 01:19:16 - The problem with the Buddhist valorisation of mothers 01:25:05 - Resolving childhood trauma 01:28:33 - Bruce's teacher confronts his attitude 01:30:21 - Meetings with survivors of torture 01:42:45 - Essence of spirituality 01:48:08 - Past life karma with Dudjom Rinpoche 01:53:22 - Mental illness in America and impending environmental catastrophe 01:59:11 - The golden age of the baby boomers 02:02:02 - Medical gigong tuina 02:03:37 - Teaching meditation and exploitative gurus 02:06:06 - Taoist view of the spiritual path 02:10:20 - Taoism vs Buddhism 02:13:21 - Dzogchen studies with Namkhai Norbu and Lama Wangdor 02:17:10 - Realisation of clear light 02:19:47 - Advice for those facing difficult times 02:22:57 - Mind to mind transmission 02:25:08 - Understanding the totality of something 02:25:56 - First attain stability of mind 02:27:33 - Nityananda, Muktananda, and shaktipat 02:29:45 - How to do mind-to-mind transmission 02:38:26 - Potential for abuse in mind-to-mind transmission abilities 02:40:36 - Muktanada, Satchidananda, and sexual repression 02:46:00 - Mental vs emotional vs psychic vs karmic traumas … To find out more about Bruce Frantzis, visit: - https://www.energyarts.com/ … For more interviews, videos, and more visit: - www.guruviking.com … Music ‘Deva Dasi' by Steve James
This week: Charles Leocha, President & Co-Founder, Travelers United; Virgin drops London-Hong Kong; FAA raises minimum Flight Attendant rest period to 10 hours; FlyerRights files with FAA for minimum seat sizes; Listener Follow-up on Boarding pass showing terminal; Pilot shortage & pay levels at regionals; DFW Listener shoutout.
Panos answers a question that came in from Holly asking how to help prepare her dog or future puppy for boarding/kennelling. A few things to consider such as early crate training, finding a reputable boarding facility, dog minding in a professionals home, pet sitting or family and friends if appropriate. There can be many reasons why your dog finds being boarded a stressful experience. Panos sheds some light from personal experience working in different boarding facilities along with minding dogs in his home for many years. Being proactive is always best and hope this episode helps you make the right choice for you and your dog. Find us online >> www.facebook.com/lifewithyourdogpodcast >> www.instagram.com/lifewithyourdogpodcast >> www.lifewithyourdogpodcast.com Panos @ www.noochspooches.com.au >> Luke @ www.kizunacanine.com.au >>
In my travels this summer, I visited several big barns and even more smaller ones. There are at least a hundred new tips I can share with you today, but I'll start with just ten of my most important takeaways. If you want horses to be your livelihood, there are best practices that will help ensure you do that, and you do it well. In all fairness to the horses, we owe it to them to make their homes safe, comfortable and as as low stress as possible - for them and for us. So listen in for ten tips that will keep your horses safe and you sane! Support the show
In this bonus episode, we hear the story of a honeymoon gone awry. Well, just the return trip went wrong... thankfully not the whole honeymoon. Josh and Acacia tell us the story of how they were denied boarding their return flight, had to spend extra days in Mexico, were threatened with being denied boarding on their second attempt at coming home, and then chose to refuse to fill out the ArriveCan app despite being threatened with jail time and up to a million dollars in fines. https://www.theboomclapcommunity.com/ https://www.instagram.com/ritarogersco/ https://www.instagram.com/cecily.dickey/ --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app
Welcome to Bagging, Boarding, and Chatting. The Comic Book Show with Gary from @Nerdrotic , AZ from @HeelvsBabyface , The Long Man @MauLer @MooLer and @NinaContinue reading
Last time we spoke, the British government was walking a tight rope between getting their tea fix and not being banned from trade with China. When Britain ended the East India company's monopoly over the China trade, they assumed they could not be implicated in the illegal opium trade and they were soon proved very very wrong. Britain had managed to fix their silver problem, but at the cost of draining China's silver and that tight rope they were walking, well they fell. China was becoming chaotic again, revolts were likely to be on the horizon. The Qing dynasty had had enough of the situation and began to crack down in the 1830's more and more so. Now China is sending one man who had proven he knew how to stop the opium trade and soon he would wage war on the illicit trade. This episode is Lin Zexu vs big opium Welcome to the Fall and Rise of China Podcast, I am your dutiful host Craig Watson. But, before we start I want to also remind you this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Perhaps you want to learn more about the history of Asia? Kings and Generals have an assortment of episodes on the history of asia and much more so go give them a look over on Youtube. So please subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry for some more history related content, over on my channel, the Pacific War Channel where I cover the history of China and Japan from the 19th century until the end of the Pacific War. Lin Zexu gave the strongest and swiftest voice of approval and he was no ordinary official. Lin Zexu was the son of a schoolteacher and proved to be a great student. He passed the brutal competitive examination in Beijing in 1811 at the age of 26 emerging top of his class. Working as a judge in the 1820's he earned a reputation for fairness and the nickname “Lin, Clear as heaven” or “Lin the Clear sky” which was a testament to his incorruptibility. Over the years of his work he earned great renown as a pragmatic administrator deeply versed in how to deal with water management and flood relief. He was a rare official who could be relied upon to put the welfare of the people ahead of his own gain. He was frankly, incorruptible and because of this, in 1838 he was Emperor Daoguangs favorite minister and reached a rank comparable to Deng Tingzhen in Canton while being 10 years younger than him. He was a beacon of honesty and virtue in a time when the Qing government was full of corruption. One and a million as they say. Lin Zexu's primary concerns had always been domestic, he had no dealings with foreigners as that was exclusively a Canton issue. Foreign relations were very far from his mind and this shaped his way of thinking. His main concerns were with the Chinese, not the foreigners when tackling the problem of opium. Lin Zexu was quite conservative and his support for suppressing opium was based on his abiding faith in moral suasion. When Huang Juezi made his proposal it marked a turning point for Lin Zexu. He seized on the proposal almost like a religious crusade and immediately offered the Emperor a detailed action plan. He recommended the confiscation and destruction of opium pipes and other equipment for using the drug. Local moral campaigns, education campaigns to teach the evils of opium to the people and active suppression of opium dens and corrupt officials. He also recommended medical treatments to help addicts wean off opium. He described various elixirs used to combat opium addiction. One thing of interest to me as my first degree is in neurobehavioral science, Lin Zexu talked about giving patients a mix of small amounts of opium combined with herbs that would make the patients sick. This idea has been used in the field of addiction and can be effective. The Idea is based on operant conditioning, by linking to the act of taking opium with a negative stimulus you might get the patient to be more and more reluctant to take the drug. I will attest this in practice is a hit or miss depending on the drug or action. Anyways Lin Zexu's action plan was quite formidable and was hitting the issue at the source at multiple angles. After sending his action plan to the Emperor, Lin Zexu took the initiative to test it out in his provinces of Hunan and Hubei. In august of 1838 he launched the campaign first setting out to hospitals to treat addicts. Then he jailed dealers, issued proclamations condemning the use of the drug and ordered local officials to round up and destroy whatever opium or opium using equipment they could find. Reports began to pour into Beijing about the success of Lin Zexu's plan. Tens of thousands of pipes were and ounces of opium were confiscated. Mind you 10 thousands ounces of opium was around 10 chests worth, during a time when 30,000 chests were coming into China annually. The pipes and opium were burnt publicly, which was a crucial element to the plan as they needed to prove to the public they indeed were destroying the substance, otherwise the public would assume they were taking it for themselves! Lin Zexu's reports to the Emperor were increasingly triumphant and their tone pressed the urgency to unleash the action plan outside Hunan and Hubei. In September of 1838 Lin Zexu declared opium to be the largest problem the Qing dynasty was facing. “Before opium was widespread, those who smoked it only harmed themselves. The punishments of canning and exile were enough to keep them in line. But when its evil influence has penetrated into the whole country, the effect is tremendous. Laws should be put into rigid enforcement. If left in a lax state, then after a few decades, there will be no soldier in this Central Empire to fight against invaders, nor money to bear the military expenses. I have the fear, that if the evil be suffered to grow at this critical moment there may be no more chance for remedy”. In October of 1838, the Daoguang Emperor was leaning heavily towards initiating the suppression campaign while some of his officials still believed he might legalize opium. Those same officials were feeding Charles Elliot stories that at any moment the substance would be legalized and this influenced his actions. Then on November the 8th a Manchu official named Qishan who was the governor general of Zhili province reported the largest drug bust in the history of the Qing empire to that point. The confiscated opium was found in Tianjin, not too far away from Beijing. Qishan stated the opium had come from Canton through the Cantonese traders who managed to ship it north through various means. The major drug bust indicated to the Qing court, perhaps they needed to perform the same action in Canton. Emperor Daoguang then made the decision to summon Lin Zexu to Beijing in December of 1838. After the meeting, Emperor Daoguang tasked Lin Zexu with a mission to obliterate the opium trade in Canton. Lin Zexu would travel south as an imperial commissioner, holding the power to act on behalf of the Emperor, answerable to no other local officials. He would have command over all naval forces at Canton and Deng Tingzhen would give him support. Thus in early January of 1839, while Charles Elliot expected legalization of opium to be declared at any moment, Lin Zexu made his way to end the illicit trade once and for all. Charles Elliot was being fed false information about the ongoing court battle over the opium question in China and he worried about his lack of authority over the British subjects in Canton. If the opium smugglers provoked a crisis under his watch, he was placed in quite a predicament. The British traders and Chinese did not actually know what Elliot's authority was and on many occasions tried to pry the information out of him. The English newspapers for example repeatedly asked him to clarify what his authorization was, but he refused to ever answer. Elliots became increasingly concerned with British sailors getting into fights with local chinese and organized a naval police force to deal with the issue. Yet when he began doing this he was scolded by Palmerston for overstepping his authority. “You have no power of your own authority to make any such regulations. The establishment of a system of police at Whampoa within the dominions of the Emperor of China was in violation of the absolute right of sovereignty enjoyed by independent states”. By the early winter of 1839 it seemed governor general Deng Tingzhen's ongoing efforts to crackdown on the Chinese opium smugglers was working. As noted by William Jardine “Not a broker to be seen, nor an Opium pipe; they have all vanished. The authorities are seizing smokers, dealers and shopkeepers innumerable. We must hope for better times and brisker deliveries”. Up to this point Deng Tingzhen limited his actions towards the Chinese and did not target any foreigners. Occasional shots were fired between government boats and foreign smuggling vessels, but nothing had gotten out of hand. Then on December 3rd, a small drug bust was performed and 2 Chinese workers were caught smuggling opium for a British merchant. In response to the incident, Deng Tingzhen decided to make an official statement to the foreign community. On december 12 a small force of Qing soldiers went to the gates of the foreign factories and hammered a wooden cross on the gate indicating they were about to execute a convicted Chinese opium dealer. The site of the execution was to be in front of the foreign factories, obviously Deng Tingzheng was sending a message to the foreigners, that they were responsible for the man's execution. Its hard to know who acted out first. Elliot was at Whampoa and did not witness the event to come and those involved on the British side said they had no involvement. Its been theorized British sailors may have perpetuated it, regardless some foreigners decided that the execution in front of their homes was too distrubed and began to tear down the gallows being erected. The local Chinese soldiers did nothing to resist, some even began to help tear it down. A crowd of Chinese formed to watch the event and its remained peaceful, until some rowdy British began shoving their way through the crowd. These British hit several Chinese with sticks and some threw rocks, as you can imagine soon fights began and a full riot burst. Several thousand Chinese came and began pelting the foreigner with rocks prompting the Chinese soldiers to intervene and escort the foreigners back into the factories. In the end the gallow was torn down, but the convicted Chinese smuggler was executed elsewhere. Palmerston demanded to know what had occurred, he was furious the British subjects had the audacity to get involved in Chinese affairs. “On what grounds did the traders imagine themselves entitled to interfere with the arrangements made by the Chinese officers of justice for carrying into effect, in a chinese town, the orders of their superior authorities”. Elliot was quite shaken by the situation. He knew he had to do something to thwart any further incident, but he had no real authority to do anything. He wrote back to Palmerston “that the danger and shame of the opium trade had reached a point where it was falling by rapid degrees into the hands of more and more desperate men”. Elliot then decided to take firm action, on december 18 he issued a proclamation ordering all British vessels carrying opium to depart the inner waters of Canton immediately. He had no authority to confiscate their cargoes, nor to arrest them and thus he fell back on the authority of the Qing government. If any British vessels refused, he would personally turn them over to the Chinese “Her Majesty's Government will in no way interpose if the Chinese Government shall think fit to seize and confiscate the same”. Simultaneously he wrote the governor of Canton pledging his support for the campaign against opium. The opium traders were all very very pissed off. The superintendent, Elliot was supposed to protect them! James Matheson complained to the British press “that Elliot had adopted the novel course of assisting the Qing government in this, against his own countrymen! It appears to be the intention of Captain Elliot to offer himself as a kind of chief of the chinese preventive service”. Another execution of a convicted chinese opium smuggler took place in february of 1839, this time it was done much faster and with a large guard. William Jardine left Canton in late January of 1839, leaving Matheson to watch over the business. Enroute to Canton was Lin Zexu who was being counseled by many Qing officials. Qishan warned Lin Zexu not to start a war against the foreigners. Another official Gong Zizhen who was prolifically anti opium, advised that if Lin should try to shut off the source of opium directly at Canton, then both the foreign and Chinese dealers might start a revolt and China might not have sufficient military power to control them both. He recommended a gradual approach, first take action to reduce imports and only against the Chinese merchants and consumers while simultaneously increasing the military defenses at canton. He argued that China's existing naval forces could not possibly match the British and that efforts should be made to increase coastal and inland defenses. With all that being complete, in time they would be able to shut off the foreign merchants completely. Enroute to Canton, Lin Zexu visited Bao Shichen a official who had written since the 1820's on the subject of shutting down foreign trade to prevent the drain of silver from china. Bao Shichen told him “to clear a muddy stream you must purify the source. To put a law into effect you must first create order within”. Lin Zexu took this to mean he should first begin arresting all the government officials who had violated the ban on opium. Then he must completely shut off the flow of foreign opium imports coming into Canton. Bao Shichen would later state that Lin Zexu misunderstood him completely and that shutting down foreign trade was too dangerous. In March of 1839, Canton was anxious about Lin Zexu's arrival. Everyone knew the great powers invested upon him, but nobody knew how he would use them. He arrived on March 10th and immediately struck hard. He began with mass arrests of the known Chinese smugglers and put up proclamations announcing his mission was to destroy the opium trade in its entirety. He ordered marchants to abandon the trade and for users to hand over their pipes to be smashed. Thousands of pounds of opium and tens of thousands of pipes were confiscated. In 3 months after his arrival, he would arrest 5 times the amount of people that Deng Tingzhen had done in his 2 year reign. As things were going along successfully with the Chinese affairs, Lin Zexu then decided to address the foreign merchants. On march 18 he issued an edict ordering the British merchants to surrender all of their opium to him and gave them 3 days to comply. The Hong merchants as the traditional mediators between the foreigners and the Qing government bore the heaviest blame and Lin Zexu began interrogating them all. Many were brought before him on their knees under threat of execution if they should lie. The foreign merchants initially made no efforts toward surrendering their opium, they all wanted to see how far Lin Zexu would actually go. Lin Zexu was not accustomed to being disobeyed and quickly lost his patience. By March 19 he announced that no foreign merchants would be allowed to leave the Canton factories until they gave up their opium and signed papers stating they would never trade the drug again in China under penalty of death. Boom. If they continued to defy him after the 3 day, he would execute Houqua and other Hong merchants on the morning of March 22. The Hong merchants all panicked and pleaded with the British merchants to help. The British caved in someone and agreed to hand over 1000 chests of opium on the morning of march 22. Word came that the amount of chests would not be enough and thus the British simply held back. Houqua and some other Hong merchants were paraded around the Canton square with iron collars and chains. Lin Zexu threatened to execute them if British merchants did not hand over the opium, but the deadline had passed and many were suspicious if Lin Zexu was bluffing. One person who did not think Lin Zexu was bluffing was Elliot who was in Macao when he heard of the situation. Elliot feared the British merchants would all be put on trial and executed. Elliot resolved to save them by standing up to the imperial commissioner, but also while trying to appease him. Elliot wrote to Palmerston “to save the merchants a firm tone and attitude was all that he needed to efuse the unjust and menacing disposition of the Imperial commissioner, but that he would also appease him by using his best efforts for fulfilling the reasonable purpose of the Qing government”. Elliot arrived at the Canton factories at sundown of March 24 in a rowboat in full captain's uniform with a cocked hat and his sword in hand. He proclaimed to the merchants “given the imminent hazard of life and property and the dark and violent natures of Lin Zexu's threats, they should begin immediate preparations to evacuate the Canton factories. If Lin Zexu refused to grant them passage from Canton to Macao within 3 days, Elliot would conclude that the Chinese intended to hold them hostage. So long as their proceedings were moderate, defensible and just I will remain with you to my last gulp!”. That night Lin Zexu ordered all the Chinese staff in the factories to leave. The cooks, linguists, porters, servants and such all packed up and left. Then Lin Zexu shut off all supplies from entering the factories and surrounded them with soldiers. The foreign factories had become a prison for roughly 350 people, not all of whom were British. There were Americans, Parsis, some Dutch alongside the British. Lin Zexu was careful to order all guards to not provoke nor molest the foreigners, he wanted everything to be peaceful. Nobody was going to starve however, provisions were plentiful in the factories, however the merchants found cooking for themselves disastrous. One report came from the Americans who said Robert Frobes attempt at ham and eggs came out a hard black mass approximating the sole of a shoe. Elliot was terrified they were all going to starve or be executed. Elliot resolved that they had to cooperate with Lin Zexu and hand over all the opium for if they didn't, he feared they would all be executed. In the name of her majesty, Elliot ordered everyone to surrender the opium to him and in return he would sign a promissory note guaranteeing that the British government would pay them its fair market value. The offer seemed too good to be true to the merchants. The Qing authorities could at any moment seize all the opium by force and with it their tremendous losses. James Matheson said “our surrender is the most fortunate thing that could have happened”. Throughout the afternoon on march 27th, the merchants brought Elliot statements of the amount of opium under the control of their firms and he in turn signed notes of guarantee payments by the British government. All told the amount was 20, 283 chests with a market value of roughly 10 million dollars. There was one glaring problem with this solution, Elliot had absolutely no authority to do it. Elliots decision would turn out to be the crux of many events to come. Elliot had no authority nor any instructions to do what he did. It seems in hindsight it was a rash decision made in panic. From Elliots point of view he had to immediately save the lives of the British subjects and the overall trade relations between Britain and China. After making the choice he wrote to Palmerston “I am without doubt, that the safety of a great mass of human life hung upon my determination”. All the merchants who went along with it knew full well Elliots did not have the authority to purchase 10 million dollars worth of opium on behalf of the Crown, but because he had been so ambiguous in the past about his authority, they could all play coy that they went along with it believing he did have the authority. The signed document would give them a strong case against the British government for compensation if and when it came to that. Facing the choice of having their contraband seized by Elliot or Lin Zexu, it was a no brainer they had better chances dealing with their own government to get reimbursement. Both Elliot and the traders assumed there would be a compensation of sorts and with it the termination of the Indian Chinese opium trade for good. They had no idea how events in Britain would unfold as a result of all of this. And so Elliot wrote to Lin Zexu informing him he would be surrendering all of the opium, which would be the single largest seizure of opium recorded in Chinese history up to that point. Lin Zexu wrote to the emperor on april 12 1839 after the seizure detailing how enormous the success was. He got them to seize all the opium in a short time and they made little conflict over it, hell no military force was really necessary “naturally they were cowed into submission”. Lin Zexu recommended they show benevolence towards the foreigners, to forgive them of their past crimes and send them a large gift of livestock, since he imagined they were starving and they no longer had their trade to support them. Yet Lin Zexu did not immediately release them, Elliot was livid! Lin Zexu told Elliot they could only be granted to leave once ¾'s of the opium had been collected a process that would take weeks, possibly months. Elliot sent a secret dispatch to Palmerston begging him for a naval fleet “it appear to me, my lord, that the response to all these unjust violences should be made in the form of a swift and heavy blow, prefaced by one word of written communication”. Elliot further argued for naval blockade of Canton and the Yangtze River, the capture of Chusan island all followed up by a northern expedition to demand the “disgrace and punishment” of Lin Zexu and Deng Tingzhen. Emperor Daoguang should be forced to apologize for the “indignities heaped upon the Queen and to pay an indemnity to satisfy British losses. The Qing government must be made to understand its obligations to the rest of the world. It would take 6 weeks for all the opium to be collected and the Qing officials expected the opium to be sold off to reimburse the countless Chinese traders that had lost out. Emperor Daoguang however ordered Lin Zexu to destroy it all, and that is just what he did. I would like to mention at this time, I covered what is to come, the first Opium war on my personal channel, its a 45 minute or so documentary so please check it out it would mean a lot to me. But what I also want to let you know is there was a British/Chinese movie made on the Opium war called…the Opium War haha, which came out in 1997. I won't sugar coat it, not a amazing film by any measure, but the scene where Lin Zexu destroys the opium is quite impressive and does more merit to the story then me narrating it, so check it out if you would like! Over the course of 3 weeks in June, Lin Zexu destroyed the opium at a specially built site near the Tiger's Mouth. An american missionary named Elijah Bridgeman witnessed it and there are artist renditions of the event. In rectangular pools around 7 feet deep the opium balls were crushed and tossed in. Chinese workers would stir the thick opium filled water into a froth then cover it all with lime and salt for a few days before casting it out to sea. Lord Palmerston learnt of the confiscated opium from the traders themselves before Elliots letter arrived. The letter that informed Palmerston was from James Matheson who was launching a campaign to make the government pay up. Suddenly petitions from all the merchants poured into Palmerstons office. A bunch of drug dealers were shaking down the British government to pay for their lost drugs. There was another major problem, since march of 1839 all trade with China had halted and there was no way to tell when it would open back up. Ships full of cotton textiles were stuck at Macao and tea shipments were stuck in Whampoa. All the non opium traders were petitioning Britain to do something and fast. Collectively the domestic manufacturers of goods that went to Canton held significant political power, much greater than the opium claimants. They demanded “prompt, vigorous and decided measures to reopen Canton and put the regular China trade on a more secure and permanent basis”. What they wanted was a treaty, done via force if necessary. William Jardine arrived in Britain in September right as the news from Canton was spilling in and began a lobbying campaign. For the british government the talk of the opium trade was embarrassing and they wished to make the entire matter disappear as quickly as possible. However the amount of money owed to the opium traders was enormous and the Treasury of England was in no state to compensate them. Palmerston was in a terrible situation and he brought the issue of China to a cabinet meeting at Windsor castle on October 1 of 1839. He was being bombarded by business lobbyists demanding action, Elliots letter pleading for help and the English press. Britain was involved in a war in the Ottoman Empire against Russia, with a dispute between Maine and New Brunswick and an invasion of Afghanistan thus all the ministers did not want to distract themselves too much with the China problem. Palmerston offered a quick solution, he tossed in front of the cabinet several maps of the Chinese coast and explained how a small British squadron could blockade China's crucial ports and rivers to force the Qing government into submission. The plan was almost identical to a plan formulated by James Matheson in 1836 after Napiers death. The Prime minister Lord Melbourne was not so much concerned with the military aspect of the plan, but how were they going to pay the 10 million to the opium merchants, they had no financial resources to spare. They did not want to take on anymore government debt, the debt was already high after the Napoleonic wars. Also it was going to look terrible bad that the British government was paying off drug dealers. Then the solution came, the brand new secretary at war, Thomas Macaulay made a suggestion to Palmerston, a rather out of the box idea. Why not make China pay for it all. Palmerston put forward Macaulay's idea and the cabinet agreed boom. The matter was settled, a naval squadron, not too large would be dispatched to obtain reparation from China for Lin Zexu's taking of Elliot and the other British subjects hostage. On may 21st of 1839, Lin Zexu finally allowed the foreigners to leave Canton and Elliot ordered all British subjects to abandon the factories and go to macao. Despite this more tense events would follow. In early July there was a drunken melee in Hong Kong harbor. The comprador of the British ship Carnatic was arrested and the sailors of the Carnatic demanded his return, but the Chinese refused. Thus 30 sailors on July 12th from the Carnatic and Mangalore, both ships owned by Jardine Matheson & Co went ashore and to the village of Jianshazui on the Kowloon Peninsula. They all proceed to get drunk off Samshu, a fortified rice wine and vandalized the local temple and beat to death a man named Lin Weixi. Elliot was livid when he heard the news, he was trying to bide time in the hopes Britain was sending reinforcements. He immediately tried to rush to Jianshazui to bribe the family of the victim, but the bribery was to no avail. When Lin Zexu heard of the affair he demanded that the culprits be handed over for Chinese justice. At this time Lin Zexu he had just received new regulations from the Emperor that formully mandated the death sentence for opium users in China and for the first time also for foreigners who sold opium.The British assumed it was a death sentence to give the men up. Lin also put up postings that if any Chinese killed a foreigner unjustly they would be executed. Instead of giving up the men, Elliot called for a court of inquiry and charged 5 British sailors with riot and assault, but brought no murder or manslaughter chrages. Lin Zexu accused the British of denying China's sovereignty by issuing a court of their own. Elliot then invited Lin Zexu to send government officials to observe a new trial for the said sailors, but Lin Zexu refused and promulgated an edict that forbade anyone from giving food or water to all the British citizens in China under penalty of death. The situation was growing more and more tense and Lin Zexu tossed Elliot a rope. On August 17 he ordered Elliot to hand over the murderer without specifiyng the perpetrators identity. Thus the idea was that Elliot could simply send whomever he wanted and the matter could be settled. From Elliots point of view however, to handover any British citizen would cause an uproar back home and he refused to do so. On August 24, an English passenger aboard a boat near Hong Kong was attacked at night. The Chinese stripped the man naked, cut off his ear and stuffed it in his mouth. Rumors began to spread that Lin Zexu was amassing thousands of soldiers to invade Macao. Then the Portuguese governor general of Macao, Don Adraio Accacio a Silveira Pinto told Elliot he had been ordered by the Chinese to expel the British from the colony. He also told Elliot that the Chinese were secretly forming a military force to seize all the British in Macao. That very same day 2 ships belonging to Jardine Matheson & Co arrived to Macao, the Harriet towing the Black Joke. Living up to its name, the Black Joke was covered in blood all over her decks and her crew was missing. The crew of the Harriet reported that unidentified Chinese had boarded the Black Joke as it passed the island of Lantao and massacred the entire crew except for a single sailor they had rescued. Governor Pinto was so alarmed by this development he simply ordered the British to leave immediately. Elliot finally took action. Elliot ordered all the British women and children to depart aboard some merchant ships and sail to Hong Kong Island. With no more hostages at stake Elliot now felt free to make a counterattack if necessary, but for now he would bide his time hoping that Britain was sending a squadron. His hopes were raised when a warship from India arrived, the Volage which held 26 cannons, she also brought with her news that another warship, the Hyacinth and 18 gunner was on its way shortly. Thus Elliot and all the men boarded the ships and sailed to the Kowloon peninsula and set up a flotilla just above Hong Kong island. Lin Zexu got a report of the exodus of Macao and felt he had finally won and wrote to Emperor Daoguang “no doubt they have on their ships a certain stock of dried provisions; but they will very soon find themselves without the heavy, greasy meat dishes for which they have such a passion”. On September 1 the Emperor sent Lin Zexu a letter asking if the rumors were true that the barbarians had purchased female children and used them in diabolical rites. Lin Zexu replied that the foreigners employed Chinese adults as plantation workers and miners and a few children, but he did not believe that any black magic was involved in their employment. The Emperor also asked if the confiscated opium contained human flesh which he theorized might explain the illicit drugs preternatural addictive powers. Lin had heard these ridiculous rumors before, but he could not contradict the Emperor as it amounted to Lese Majeste, so he replied that the opium may have contained flesh of crows that second handedly eat human flesh. After dealing with the Emperor letters which said a lot about the perspective of Beijing on the matter, Lin went to Macao to thank the Portuguese governor for his help. Then Lin Zezu learnt of the British flotilla at Hong Kong. Lin Zexu began to issue orders forbidding the supply of food or water to British ships under the penalty of death. Again the Chinese staff were removed and Chinese war junks began to surround the kowloon peninsula and Hong Kong harbor. Signs were raised stating that the wells and streams had been poisoned. Elliot tried one last ditch effort at diplomacy and took 3 ships, the 14 gun cutter Louisa, the 6 gun schooner Pearl and the 18 gun Volage to Kowloon to demand provisions. They soon ran into 3 anchored Chinese war junks who were blocking them from landing. Elliot sent an interpreter to demand they be allowed food and water. The Chinese captains refused to comply and Elliot said if they did not comply by 2pm that day he would be forced to bombard them. 2pm came with no indication of provisions being sent and no response from the Chinese. So Captain Henry Smith of the Volage fired on the nearest Chinese war junk and the first shot of the First Opium War had been made. According to Adam Elmslie a young superintendent clerk was witnessed the event Henry Smith ordered the volley and “The Junks then triced up their Boarding nettings, and came into action with us at half pistol shot; our guns were well served with grape and round shot; the first shot we gave them they opened a tremendous and well directed fire upon us, from all their Guns (each Junk had 10 Guns, and they brought all these over on the side which we engaged them on) ... The Junk's fire, Thank God! was not enough depressed, or ... none would have lived to tell the Story.—19 of their Guns we received in [the] mainsail,—the first Broadside I can assure you was not pleasant.” Thus the outdated cannons aboard the Chinese war junks were aimed too high completely missed all the British ships. The ships continued to exchange fire and the shore batteries opened fire to support the war junks. By 4:30pm the British had used up almost all their ammunition and made a getaway with the war junks in quik pursuit. Adam Elmslie had this to say when the fire fight recommenced. “The junks immediately made sail after the Louisa and at 4:45 [pm] they came up with the English vessels. We hove the vessel in stays on their starboard Beam, and the 'Pearl' on the larboard [portside] Bow of the van Junk, and gave them three such Broadsides that it made every Rope in the vessel grin again.—We loaded with Grape the fourth time, and gave them gun for gun.—The shrieking on board was dreadful, but it did not frighten me; this is the very first day I ever shed human blood, and I hope it will be the last”. During the second engagement the Chinese war junks retreated to their previous positions and the 3 British ships returned to the flotilla causing a stalemate. The captains of the Chinese war junks sent word to Lin Zexu of a great naval victory over the British claiming to have sunk a number of enemy ships and inflicting 50 casualties. The truth was there were no British casualties and no ships sunk however, in fact the Chinese had 2 killed and 6 wounded. Captain Henry of the Volage bagged Elliot to let him attack the Chinese war junks near Hong Kong harbor certain of victory, but Elliot refused fearing the outbreak of a wider battle and wanting the foreign ministers approval first before escalating things anymore. Despite the reported victory of the Chinese war junks, food and water was sent to the British ships. Lin Zexu was facing a personal and painful problem, an excruciating hernia. Chinese doctors were trying to help him to no avail, so Lin Zexu visited the office of one Dr. Peter Parker, no not spiderman, this was a Yale educated missionary. Parker fitted Lin Zexu with a truss that helped with the pain. After this Lin Zexu began reviewing the military situation at hand, at this time he wrote a poem about the battle of Kowloon “A vast display of Imperial might had shaken all the foreign tribes/And if they now confess their guilt we shall not be too hard on them.”. The Chinese began to war game while at Hong Kong the Hyacinth arrived to reinforce Elliots Flotilla. Lin Zexu continued to demand the surrender of the sailors who killed Lin Weixi, but as time went on the anger caused by the event had dissipated. Then a sailor allegedly drown from one of Jardine Mathesons & Co's ships and the Chinese volunteered to let that dead sailor be identified as the murderer, case closed. Yet trade between Britain and China did not resume and Lin Zexu kept demanding all those who wished to trade in China sign the contract promising not to deal opium under penalty of death. Elliot told the traders not to sign the waivers and to simply sit tight for the time being as he waited for a British fleet. Some of the traders undercut his orders however and went ahead and signed the waiver and thus were allowed to trade legal cargo. One of these traders was Captain Warner of the British cargo ship Thomas Coutts and Lin Zexu was so impressed by the man he asked him to take a letter back to Britain for Queen Victoria. The letter was a remarkably frank document that explained the situation in Canton. It described all the evils of the opium trade and how it was hurting China and the response the Qing government was making to the opium crisis. It also stipulated how they could amend the situation to get rid of the opium menace and resume legal trade. Captain Warner alleges he made good on the promise to bring the letter, first to Lord Palmerston, but his office refused to receive the letter, and there is little evidence Queen Victoria read the letter in question. The Times of London did publish the letter however, it seems Captain Warner must have simply given it to them in the end. When Lin Zexu found out another British warship had joined the Flotilla he took action. He suddenly proclaimed the corpse of the drowned sailor was no longer sufficient for the murder of Lin Weixi and renewed his demands for the murders to be handed over. Failure to comply would result in the expulsion of the entire British colony. In the fall of 1839, 38 British trading vessels and 28 trading companies aboard them remained in Hong Kong harbor. Elliot begged the governor of Macao to let them come back, but he refused fearing the Portuguese would be dragged into what looked like an impending war. Then on October 20th, Elliot received a letter from Palmerston informing him that early next summer, 16 British warships with 4000 men were enroute to rescue the flotilla and to sit tight. However in the meantime more captains were signing the waiver and at the end of October Lin Zexu ordered all British ships to leave within 3 days time. Elliot set sail aboard the Volage with Hyacinth backing him up, for the Bogue as the British called it, it is also known as the Humen, it is a narrow strait in the Pearl River Delta. When Elliots ships reached Chuanbi near the mouth of the river on November 2nd, they came face to face with a Chinese fleet consisting of 15 war junks and 14 fire ships commanded by an old and revered Admiral named Guan Tianpei. Elliots ships came to a halt when he ran into Guan's fleet and they began to exchange a series of messages trying to ferret out the intentions of the other. Guan threatened to seize either ship if it was holding the murderer of Lin Weixi “All I want is the murderous barbarian who killed Lin Weixi. As soon as a time is named when he will be given up, my ships will return into the Bogue. Otherwise, by no means whatsoever shall I accede”. Elliot failed to persuade Guan that he was no threat and the admiral fleet began to maneuver into a position to attack the 2 British Warships. As this was occurring, the Royal Saxon arrived on the scene on its way to Canton. Elliot was anxious to not allow another Captain to sign the opium waiver and fired a warning shot across the Royal Saxon's bows to prevent the ship from entering the river. Guan proceeded to anchor hit ships in between the British warships and the Royal Saxon. Captain Smith pleaded with Elliot to allow him to attack before it was too late and Elliot gave in. The 2 British warships closed in and began to fire their broadsides. The stationary guns aboard the Chinese war junks could not be aimed effectively and fired right over the British masts. One lucky British volley hit a war junks magazines causing it to explode tremendously and sink. This caused the Chinese captains to panic as the Volage continued to score hits at point blank range. 3 more junks were hit and sunk and some of the crews aboard other ships literally jumped overboard. The entire Chinese fleet baegan to scatter and flee, all except for one ship, Admiral Guan's which suicidally stayed to return fire. Guan's ship posed a minimal threat and Elliot impressed by the old Admiral's courage, ordered Smith to stop the barrage and allow the damaged flagship of Admiral Guan to sail off. The Chinese fleet had 1 junk exploded, 3 sunk, countless damaged and the Volage sustained light damage to its sails while Hyacinth's mast received a hit from a 12 pound cannon ball. 15 Chinese sailors were dead with 1 British wounded. The battle of Chuanbi was over and the way to Canton was now open. News of the sea battle reached England and the government remained in denial about the cause of the conflict IE: the opium trade. A group of lobbyists led by William Jardine began to pelt the British press to save the opium trade while simultaneously demanding the British government reimburse the opium merchants. Parliament began to debate how to go about the situation and there emerged an anti-war camp and a war camp. One anti war advocate, Sir William Ewart Gladstone said “Does he [Macaulay] know that the opium smuggled intoChina comes exclusively from British ports, that is, from Bengal and through Bombay? That we require no preventive service to put down this illegal traffic? We have only to stop the sailing of the smuggling vessels…it is a matter of certainty that if we stopped the exportation of opium from Bengal and broke up the depot at Lintin [near Canton] and checked the cultivation of it in Malwa [an Indian province] and put a moral stigma on it, we should greatly cripple if not extinguish the trade in it. They [the Chinese government] gave you notice to abandon your contraband trade. When they found you would not do so they had the right to drive you from their coasts on account of your obstinacy in persisting with this infamous and atrocious traffic…justice, in my opinion, is with them [the Chinese]; and whilst they, the Pagans, the semi-civilized barbarians have it on their side, we, the enlightened and civilized Christians, are pursuing objects at variance both with justice and with religion…a war more unjust in its origin, a war calculated in its progress to cover this country with a permanent disgrace, I do not know and I have not read of. Now, under the auspices of the noble Lord [Macaulay], that flag is become a pirate flag, to protect an infamous traffic.” Palmerston blamed the purchasers of the opium and not the sellers and that the effect of halting the opium exports to China would just drive Turkey and Persia to sell it instead. “I wonderwhat the House would have said to me if I had come down to it with a large naval estimate for a number of revenue cruisers…for the purpose of preserving the morals of the Chinese people, who were disposed to buy what other people were disposed to sell them?” After 3 days to debate the house of commons voted on April 9th of 1840 271 vs 262 to proceed for war. On 20 February 1840 Palmerston sent 2 letters, 1 to Elliot and 1 to Emperor Doaguang. The letter to the Emperor informed the Qing dynasty that Britain had already sent a military expeditionary force to the Chinese coast. These measures of hostility on the part of Great Britain against China are not only justified, but even rendered absolutely necessary, by the outrages which have been committed by the Chinese Authorities against British officers and Subjects, and these hostilities will not cease, until a satisfactory arrangement shall have been made by the Chinese Government. Palmerston's letter to Elliot instructed him to set up a blockade of the Pearl River and forward the letter from Palmerston to Emperor Daoguang. After that Elliot was to capture the Chusan Islands, blockade the mouth of the Yangtze River, start negotiations with the Qing officials. Palmerston also issued a list of objectives that the British government wanted accomplished, with said objectives being Demand to be treated with the respect due to a royal envoy by the Qing authorities. Secure the right of the British superintendent to administer justice to British subjects in China. Seek recompense for destroyed British property. Gain most favoured trading status with the Chinese government. Request the right for foreigners to safely inhabit and own private property in China. Ensure that, if contraband is seized in accordance with Chinese law, no harm comes to the person(s) of British subjects carrying illicit goods in China. End the system by which British merchants are restricted to trading solely in Canton. Ask that the cities of Canton, Amoy, Shanghai, Ningpo, and the province of northern Formosa be freely opened to trade from all foreign powers. Secure island(s) along the Chinese coast that can be easily defended and provisioned, or exchange captured islands for favourable trading terms. It was left to Elliot as to how these objectives would be fulfilled, but noted that while negotiation would be a preferable outcome, he did not trust that diplomacy would succeed, writing; To sum up in a few words the result of this Instruction, you will see, from what I have stated, that the British Government demands from that of China satisfaction for the past and security for the future; and does not choose to trust to negotiation for obtaining either of these things; but has sent out a Naval and Military Force with orders to begin at once to take the Measures necessary for attaining the object in view. And so because of a drug cartel, run by some ruthless characters like Jardine & Matheson, Britain choose to go to war with the Qing Dynasty and begun a century of humiliation for China. I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me. The incorruptible Lin Zexu was the perfect man for the job of putting an end to the opium problem. However the nefarious opium dealers would not go down without a fight and in the end this all would result in the first opium war. Buckle up it's about to get messy.