Join host Angie Taylor as she interviews Sandi Deby an Author, Speaker, Life Coach and Advanced Certified Grief Recovery Specialist® & GRI Trainer. She is also the founder of Grief Unchained. Her journey to healing from childhood trauma had given her a deep understanding of the pain and bondage this kind of trauma can have on an individual's life. Sandi resides in southern California and has a BS in Business Administration.Sandi and Angie discuss the reality that we all experience loss and so often we do not address the emotions attached to this loss. Every person young and old should hear this podcast as they discuss the difference between mental health and emotional health and the healing process required. You can find more about Sandi Debry https://sandiderby.com/You can follow Angie on social media channelshttps://www.instagram.com/mrsangietaylor/?hl=enOr get more great parenting tips in her book, https://www.amazon.com/Way-Valor-Education-Culture-Changing-Generation/dp/1955362033
Updated April 15, 2021: This topic of the "firmament" is also of great interest to atheists. A popular anti-creationist made a 40-minute YouTube video critical of this article. We may have hit a nerve. A favorite claim of many atheists is that the Bible teaches that the earth is surrounded by a solid domed sky. Instead, the Bible actually teaches that the firmament of Day Two is the crust of the earth, which divided water below the crust from the waters on the surface. Documenting this thereby rebuts that widespread false allegation. When we first published this article, that extra bonus was unexpected. So we've embedded and responded to Brett Palmer's video including by pointing out that the Babylonian creation epic, Enuma Elish, below, corroborates this understanding of the "firmament" as first referring to the earth's crust (i.e., biblically, to paradise, to heaven on earth). And we show that the Bible's Hebrew word for firmament, raqia, from the verb raqa, refers not only to the heavens above, but explicitly, to the crust of the earth. And we present the meaning of the Syrian geographical place name, Raqqa, and extend to antiquity the etymology of the English word, rock. At Real Science Radio (which airs on America's most-powerful radio station), we teach Dr. Walt Brown's Hydroplate Theory as the best understanding of the global flood, geology and the relevant scriptures. If the following is correct, all flood models based on the "canopy theory" and "plate tectonics" are false.On Day Two God Made the Crust of the Earth: Dr. Walt Brown's Hydroplate Theory helps to understand the global flood, geology and the relevant scriptures. On Day Two of creation, God formed the crust of the earth, called the firmament (Hebrew: raqia), which extended for miles above a worldwide subterranean ocean, and the crust of course also held waters upon its surface. If this is true, we would expect to read in the Bible that initially, the surface of the earth was covered only with water, and that then God made the earth's crust above the water. And consistent with the Hydroplate Theory (which describes a layer of water at least one-mile thick that was perhaps dozens of miles below the earth's surface), in fact the Bible teaches that God: - "In the beginning God created... the earth. ...and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters" (Genesis 1:1-2). Then God, - "laid out (raqa) the earth above the waters" (Psalm 136:6). And, - "by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth [was] standing out of water and in the water" (2 Peter 3:5). - "Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament" (Gen. 1:7). So, "The earth is the Lord's... For He has founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the waters" (Ps.24:1-2). Where the Water Came From: The global flood then began when those "fountains of the great deep were broken up" (Gen. 7:11) for the pre-flood earth had been "standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water" (2 Peter 3:5-6). Those waters had been stored up for global judgment if needed. For when "the heavens were made," the Bible says of much of the Earth's water back then that God "lays up the deep in storehouses" (Ps. 33:6-7; see also Prov. 8:27-28). For God created not only the surface waters, for He "made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters" (Rev. 14:7 KJV [as with many versions; some like the NKJV say "springs of water"). Dr. Brown's book, In the Beginning, demonstrates powerfully that the world's major geologic features flow logically from these initial conditions. But some creationists who disagree point out that, "God called the firmament Heaven" (Gen. 1:8), claiming that this firmament must be either the atmosphere (e.g., Henry Morris) or outer space (e.g., Russell Humphreys). Heaven on Earth, Hell Beneath: However at RSR we show that, whether figurative or literal, the crust of the earth is the boundary between heaven and hell. It is consistent with Biblical history that God would originally call the crust of the earth "heaven." For at creation, "He drew a circular horizon on the face of the waters, at the boundary of light and darkness. The pillars of heaven tremble (Job 26:10-11). And then, "He divideth (not raqa but raga) the sea with his power" (Job 26:12 KJV, Jubilee, Websters, etc.). God designated the region below the crust as the initial abode of those who may pass away. Hell is the holding prison for the unrepentant dead. "Hell from beneath is excited about you, to meet you at your coming" (Isa. 14:9; etc.). For the newly-made earth, the Lord logically referred to everything from the crust and above as heaven. Hence dozens of verses indicate that heaven also refers to the earth's atmosphere as in "rain from heaven," the "dew of heaven," "birds of heaven," "dust from the heaven," city walls "fortified up to heaven," smoke rises "to the midst of heaven," "the heavens are shut" in drought, "frost of heaven," "clouds of heaven," "snow from heaven," "hail from heaven," and the east winds "blow in the heavens." Thus even after the Fall, from Genesis and Job, through the Gospels, Acts and Revelation, the Bible continued to refer to the atmosphere, one molecule above the ground, as heaven. Apart from this understanding, a Bible student might think that while the surface of the Moon is in "heaven", that the paradise God made on the surface of the Earth is not. Also, the Bible's thirty-two occurrences of the phrase "kingdom of heaven" appear only in the royal Gospel of Matthew, and some of these (Mat. 11:12; 13:24 with Mat. 13:38; 16:19; Mat. 18:1 with Luke 9:46; etc.) locate this kingdom of "heaven" at least partially on earth. Lucifer Fell from Heaven on Earth: "God called the firmament Heaven," because the earth's crust formed the boundary between heaven and the future hell. The firmament also divided the waters of the earth (Gen. 1:2, 6) which even reserved the floodwaters of judgment below ground. For God "lays up the deep in storehouses" so "let all the earth fear the Lord," (Ps. 33:7-8), because He "shut in the sea with doors" until in the flood "it burst forth and issued from the womb," (Job. 38:8). But after the Fall, which likely occurred within a week of Creation, earth lost its heavenly designation, for apparently God will never fully replicate the first earth. Only two detailed Bible stories involve happenings that occured prior to the Fall, the creation account and the record of Lucifer's fall. And both of these events refer to earth as heaven. Isaiah 14:12 describes "Lucifer" as "fallen from heaven," yet Scripture places him on earth at the moment of his fall. "You were in Eden, the garden of God," (Ezek. 28:13). And "you have said in your heart: "I will ascend into heaven... I will ascend above the heights of the clouds," (Isa. 14:13-14). "Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, to the lowest depths of the Pit," (Isa. 14:15). Even though he was on earth, Lucifer fell "from heaven," because prior to the Fall, the surface of the earth was part of heaven's realm. * Bible Students Understand the Firmament, But Get Confused at 1:8: See this explained in this five-minute segment, in our 2-hour flood video, that begins at 48:30. Just click and the video will start at the correct point... Consider the flesh. Notice that just as gravity pulls our physical flesh down toward the center of the earth, the Fall created the world system which relentlessly pulls our spiritual flesh, drawing us down toward the lowest depths until death, and then the believer's released spirit soars upward to heaven, whereas the unbeliever's unfettered spirit falls downward, the firmament no longer keeping him out of Hades, thus his soul plummets into hell. C.S. Lewis wrote the preface to D.E. Harding's esoteric The Hierarchy of Heaven & Earth in which Harding wrote that "Hierarchy is... something like the ancient circles of heaven and earth and hell" (1952, p. 27), and that the "narrowest Hell would be widest Heaven if the Devil could only bring himself to turn round and look out from the Centre instead of in at himself" (p. 187). In the modern classic, Soul of Science, (1994, p. 38), Pearcey and Thaxton describe the view of Christian "medieval cosmology" that "at the very center of the universe was Hell, then the earth, then (moving outward from the center) the progressively nobler spheres of the heavens." Christians continue to affirm this hierarchy quoting Paul who was "caught up to the third heaven" (2 Cor 12:2), the first being the sky, the second is space, and the third God's habitation. King David even refers to the deep, as the "channels of the sea", where in the flood "the foundations of the world were uncovered", which were "the foundations of heaven" (2 Sam. 22:8, 16). Incidentally, the never-before-seen consequences of the flood caused the troubles David lists here. The lightnings, thunder, dark waters, thick clouds, darkness, volcanic eruptions, smoke, coal and fire, the earth shaking, and when the "channels of the sea appeared" only then the "foundations of the world were uncovered..." Moses Qualified His Last Four Uses of Firmament: Moses used the word firmament nine times in the creation account. He intentionally distinguished the last four occurrences from the first four, which all pivot around the central instance where God called the earth's firmament Heaven. Each of the four in the second grouping (Genesis 1:14, 15, 17, 20) is qualified separately by an exceptional repetition. The prepositional phrase "of the heavens" makes a distinction between the first firmament of the earth, and the second "firmament of the heavens." And if firmament means the "heavens," the very term "firmament of the heavens" would seem unnecessarily redundant, especially when repeated four times. However, the qualifier "of the heavens" is added so that the reader will not confuse this firmament of sky and space with the previous firmament of earth. Thus, readers alien to the notion of "heaven" on earth should nonetheless be able to separate the two firmaments, and understand God's meaning. Now, millennia after the Fall, God's own record of creation notwithstanding, sin has almost completely obscured the original perspective of the earth's surface as "heaven." The Things God Called Day and Earth: "God called the light Day." Yet like with the word firmament, Genesis has two very different meanings for light. Day 4 would be unintelligible without recognizing its initial meaning. "Then God made two great Days to rule the heavens"? No. The same is true for the dry land that "God called... Earth". If it had only one meaning, then the Earth would have been created on Day Two when the "Earth" appeared. Our Full Firmament Video: Above we pointed to a five-minute excerpt. Here's the full 30-minute segment out of our Global Flood video on raqia titled, Is the Day 2 firmament of Genesis the Earth's crust?: Kingdom of Heaven Lost on Earth: When man rebelled, earth became more like hell than heaven. Thus man's habitation on the surface of the earth lost its heavenly designation. The Bible describes Hell as below, bounded by the firmament. However in the beginning "God called the firmament Heaven" because that's where He placed Adam and Eve, above ground on the surface, in the heavens, in fellowship with Him, not in any other realm but in His kingdom, in heaven on earth. 2011 UPDATE - Atheists and the Solid Dome: YouTube anti-creationist Brett Palmer created a 40-minute rebuttal video (embedded here) of this little article on the firmament. Seems like we hit a nerve. Aside from Brett casting aspersions from the recently invented flat-earth myth, consider that as with many other atheists, he claims that the word firmament (Hebrew raqia) discredits the creation account by showing that Genesis cannot be God's Word because it merely echoes the ancient world's false belief in a solid domed sky above the earth. So, if raqia (firmament) refers not only to the heavens, but also to the crust of the earth, standing above a subterranean chamber of water, then atheists would lose a favorite argument. Raqia is the noun from the verb raqa meaning being hammered or spread out, as in working metal into a thin sheet or plate. "They beat (raqa) the gold into thin sheets" (Exodus 39:3). "The goldsmith overspreads (raqa) it with gold" (Isaiah 40:19; i.e., gold-plated). Similarly, God overspread the waters of the earth with the plates of the earth's crust, i.e., the firmament, what Walt Brown calls hydroplates. For "God made the firmament (raqia), and divided the waters which were under the firmament (raqia, the crustal plates) from the waters which were above the firmament" (Genesis 1:7). Please review again the verses listed below. For not only did God create "the sea and the fountains" (Rev. 14:7), if this understanding of raqia is is the Bible's actual meaning, then we would expect also to read that initially the surface of the earth was covered only with water, and that then God made the earth's crust above the water: - "In the beginning God created... the earth. ...darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters." Gen. 1:1-2 - God "laid out the earth above the waters" Ps. 136:6- "by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water" 2 Pet. 3:5 - "Thus God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament." Gen. 1:7 "The earth is the Lord's... For He has founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the waters." Ps. 24:1-2 When the Bible specifically links raqa to the earth (as in the passages below), and because words typically have multiple meanings, it is extreme to insist that raqia cannot refer to anything but the heavens. Genesis was written back when pagans wondered what held up the earth. Perhaps it rested on the back of a tortoise, or on a pillar, or was held up by Atlas. Yet the most ancient Scripture teaches that God, "hangs the earth on nothing" (Job 26:7), which is visually consistent with modern astronomical observation. For just as the firmament of the earth holds up the mountains, so too, the firmament "of the heavens" is strong enough to hold the earth.God Raqa the EARTH! Firmament (raqia) is used "of the heavens" commonly and eleven times the Bible speaks of God stretching out the heavens. Then there is something not included in the above video. Another three times the Bible says that God raqa the earth itself. This shows, unlike as stressed on YouTube, that raqia very naturally also refers to the earth. Dr. Walt Brown's book lists these verses but I'll repeat them here for Mr. Palmer's consideration: To Him who laid out (raqa) the earth above the waters… Ps. 136:6 Thus says God the Lord, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread forth (raqa) the earth and that which comes from it… Isa. 42:5 “I am the Lord, who makes all things, who stretches out the heavens all alone, who spreads abroad (raqa) the earth by Myself;" Isa. 44:24 The firmament (raqia) of the creation account was iconic in ancient Israel, as the Tyndale Bible Dictionary says, "the firmament is always related to Creation." So the repetition and by two authors shows that the wording is deliberate. Thus these verses show an ancient awareness in Scripture that God raqa the Earth, that is, that His stretching out of the raqia of Genesis 1:8 readily refers to terra firma, or as the King James translators coined the word from the Latin, the firmament. Raqia and Heaven Both Refer Also to the Earth Raqa the Earth Heaven on Earth To Him who laid out (raqa) the earth above the waters... Ps. 136:6 "He drew a circular horizon on the face of the waters, at the boundary of light and darkness. The pillars of heaven tremble... He stirs up the sea with His power..." Job 26:10-12 Thus says God the Lord, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread forth (raqa) the earth... Isa. 42:5 "And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force." Mat. 11:12; "The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field;" and "the field is the world..." Mat. 13:24, 38 I am the Lord... who stretches out the heavens all alone, who spreads abroad (raqa) the earth by Myself Isa. 44:24 "And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven" Mat. 16:19 [and 18:18] Etymology of Raqia: The word raqia relates to raqa as sharia (law) relates to shara'a (to ordain or decree). Further, the ancient Middle East commonly ended names in "ia," and in this particular example of early Hebrew usage, raqia, though not a proper name, is the name for something created by raqa. (Atheist Brett Palmer, though not especially reliable, does specifically agree with this explanation in his follow-up video.) Pillars of Heaven: Regarding the crust of the Earth being referred to as heaven, consider the "pillars" which formed beneath the crust, as Dr. Brown describes it, at many "locations, the [subterranean] chamber's sagging ceiling pressed against the chamber's floor. These solid contacts will be called pillars." Thus since they supported the Earth's surface, they could be referred to as "pillars of heaven", just beneath the surface, which would "tremble" when they were crushed in God's judgment of the great flood of Noah's day, When God, "stirs up the sea with His power", as Job put it. "He drew a circular horizon on the face of the waters, at the boundary of light and darkness. The pillars of heaven tremble... He stirs up the sea with His power..." (Job 26:10-12). Earth's Foundation with Pillars Sunk into their Bases: This doesn't have to confuse Bible students. This five-minute segment at 1:04:22 depicts the pillars. Just click and the video will start at the correct point... * No One Before Or Since? Palmer says, virtually alleging omniscience for himself, that "no one before or since Enyart has ever asserted that two firmaments were created in the creation story." However, the nearly contemporaneous Babylonian creation epic states directly that heaven above and the "firm ground below" were called by the same name, that is, "heaven." First though consider Google. The claim then is that the term firmament refers to sky and space, and also to the sphere of the world. So, as the originator of this concept :) that firmament has two meanings, I am gratified that it's catching on. The Google results for "define:firmament" gives two meanings: The heavens or the sky, esp. when regarded as a tangible thing A sphere or world viewed as a collection of people * Not Half Bad and Not Half Right: Hey, for Google, that's not half bad, for the firmament (the Earth's surface) was called heaven so that Adam and Eve could be fruitful and multiply and fill the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth. Then regarding Palmer's claim that, "no one before or since Enyart has ever asserted that two firmaments were created," Dr. Brown's book credits "two pastors" with showing him this simple heaven-on-earth understanding of Genesis 1:8. The pastor before me later publishing a book on the topic: Paradise: Past, Present, and Future, and of course since then, Walt Brown too has adopted this understanding. >* Babylonian Creation Epic: The ancient pagan world had a corrupted memory of biblical accounts. Compare for example Egypt's sun god arising out of the waters of creation with, "God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, 'Let there be light.'" Likewise the flood of Noah's day is remembered in Babylon's Epic of Gilgamesh. Also, the seven tablets of Enuma Elish similarities to the seven days of the creation week include man's creation on the sixth day which is presented on the sixth tablet. The first creation tablet describes the "waters commingling as a single body" when "no marsh land had [yet] appeared", reminiscent of the firmament dividing the waters (Gen. 1:6-7) and the dry land appearing (Gen. 1:9). The truth reported by Moses in Genesis 1:8a, that God called the firmament heaven (referring to the crust of the Earth, i.e., God's kingdom of heaven, on Earth) is emphasized in the first lines of the first Babylonian creation tablet which state, "When on high the heaven had not been named, Firm ground below had not been called by that name." That is, before the term "heaven" even applied to sky and space, before that not even the firmament below had yet been called that same name, i.e., heaven. (This translation, "firm ground below had not [yet] been called by that name", appears in old-earth Oxford Prof. John Lennox' book Seven Days that Divide the World. Importantly, after discussing this matter personally with Dr. Lennox, RSR can report that he does not agree with our Genesis 1:8 interpretation, so in no way would he publish a biased translation to make our point.) For as Moses wrote, "God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament... And God called the firmament Heaven... Then God said, '...let the dry land appear.'" So whereas atheist video maker Palmer (see above) says that "no one before or since Enyart has ever asserted that two firmaments were created in the creation story", Brett can now consider that this Babylonian Enuma Elish creation epic parallels the Hydroplate Theory's understanding of the firmament as referring also, and originally, to the "firm ground below" the heavens. And thus, because God raqa the Earth, by creating the raqia, that is, the solid rock crust of the Earth, therefore, the etymology of the English word rock can now be traced back much further than the medieval Latin rocca. Not surprisingly then, studying geography we find that root word in the names of various ancient places in the region. For example, in 2015 Raqqa hit the headlines as the capital city of the Islamic terrorist group ISIS. An accurate understanding of Genesis is essential for understanding early history. Thus we can now trace the etymology of our English word rock to that very Epic of Gilgamesh flood account, with Gilgamesh being the king of Uruk, located in the south of the modern nation with a name that means "deeply rooted, well-watered", for God placed the water deep under the raqia which explains the name of the ancient place, Iraq. (See also Bob's draft comments on the Enuma text.) * Countries, Regions, and Peoples Ending in A and IA: Why do so many place names end in ia? God raqa the raqia to give mankind a place to live on the face of the Earth. In the web's most complete list of place names that end in ia, see about 120 significant geographical regions that end with -a or -ia, and others that sound like they end in ia, like Kenya and Libya. (RSR maintains this list.) Consider also, not unlike the city of Raqqa and the country of Iraq, the continent of Africa may have a related etymology, and consider also that in Arabic afar means dust, earth. And the names of many lands that do not end in -ia, as Egypt, still give a nod to the suffix when referencing their people, as with Egyptian, Akkadian, Persian, and the more modern Caucasian, with -ian equating also to the -yan as discussed at rsr.org/yan such as Aryan (meaning from the Sun land).* Seven-Day Week: The worldwide use of a seven-day week results from the creation account. And those seven days are named for the heavenly bodies (Saturn, Sun, Moon, etc.) as God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years." (On a related topic we interviewed Scientific American editor and atheist Michael Shermer for Real Science Radio. That full show is so much fun to listen to.) "Dr. Shermer, while much of the ancient world was worshiping heavenly bodies, could you at least agree that the Bible is correct on page one, where it states that the Sun is a light?" [Moses was correct also when he taught in Deuteronomy that the planets and stars are not gods and should not be worshiped.] "So can you agree that the Bible is correct in Genesis chapter one, that the Sun is not a god, but a light?" To which Shermer infamously replied, which you can hear in this 73-second excerpt (and transcript) that the sun is not a light. Wow. It's often difficult to have a reasonable discussion with atheists. Also, the worldwide use of blood sacrifices resulted from God commanding Adam and Noah to sacrifice animals prefiguring the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God. * A Solid Dome Sky Belief Widespread Yet Not Intuitive: As Wikipedia reports, "The notion of the sky as a solid object (rather than just an atmospheric expanse) was widespread among both ancient civilizations and primitive cultures, including ancient Greece, Egypt, China, India, native Americans, Australian Aborigines, and also early Christians. It is probably a universal human trait to perceive the sky as a solid dome." Retrieved 8-27-11. However, with the many varied movements in the heavens of the Sun, Moon, planets, stars, comets, and meteorites, it's not intuitive that so much of the whole world would end up believing that the Earth had a solid-domed sky. Except, of course, if the ancients who populated the world after the global flood were misunderstanding the raqia of Day Two as referring to the heavens instead of to the crust of the earth. Conclusion: So, the Bible speaks of Earth using the same term, raqia, as for the firmament "of the heavens" (clarified that way in Genesis 1). Yet when the paradise of Eden and God's Kingdom of Heaven on Earth became "filled with violence," mankind began to forget that God made earth as part of His Kingdom of heaven. Thus, what changed was the common use of the term heaven for the Earth. © 2007 - 2017 Bob Enyart, RSR.org.com * RSR's Global Flood and Hydroplate Theory: Here's our best-selling flood video which is available also on DVD, Blu-ray, and download. We hope you enjoy this: Email: From Walt Brown to Bob Enyart on March 22, 2005: "Dear Bob, I like your proposal concerning Genesis 1:8a, and after much thought, have decided to include it [in the 8th edition of In the Beginning]. I have credited Pastor Diego Rodriguez and you as the originators of this very attractive explanation. ... Thank you for sending me your explanation. -Walt" Biologos: Note that Francis Collins' theistic-evolution group BioLogos uses their misunderstanding of the firmament in their effort to diminish the authority of Genesis. For example, "Genesis... says things that are at odds with what modern people know to be true of the world... The other cosmologies from the ancient world depict some solid structure in the sky. The most natural explanation of the raqia is that it also reflects this understanding. There is no indication that Genesis is a novel description of the sky." In other words, Collins claims that Genesis' presentation of the firmament [in contrast to the biblical and historical insights above] equates to that of pagan myths. As old-earth Christians, they therefore reject the global flood and many other biblical teachings. See this explained in our Trading Genesis video: Bio: Bob Enyart co-hosts Real Science Radio and pastors Denver Bible Church. Bob first had a technical career working: - at McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Company on the Army's Apache helicopter - as a systems analyst for "Baby Bell" U S West - as a program manager for Microsoft, and - as a senior analyst for PC Week Bob became a believer in 1973, entered full-time Christian work in 1989, and in 1991 began hosting a daily show on America's most powerful Christian radio station, the 50,000-watt AM 670 KLTT. In 1999, the elders and pastor of Denver's Derby Bible Church ordained Bob into the ministry. In 2000, Derby planted Denver Bible Church with Bob as pastor and in 2015 as a host of Real Science Radio Bob was inducted into the Creation Science Hall of Fame. You can see Bob Enyart's materials online or call 1-800-8Enyart. If you enjoyed this article, you may also want to read Why Canaan was Cursed?, Polygamy in the Bible, and Slavery in the Bible. And you can hear Bob at RealScienceRadio.com!
Unfortunately, there's no Musa today, but Ryan is joined by a couple of super subs to unpack some of the footballing chaos from the weekend. In part one, Carl Anka joins to chat about Newcastle's win over Manchester United (02:38) and wrap up some of the other wild results in the Premier League (22:55). Then, Seb Stafford-Bloor drops by to discuss Manchester City and Spurs' 3-3 draw at the Etihad (36:29), plus the Hamburg derby (58:27) and some Bundesliga (68:50), where Leverkusen remained top thanks to a draw with Dortmund and Bayern's game against Union was postponed. Host: Ryan Hunn Guests: Carl Anka and Seb Stafford-Bloor Producer: Ryan Hunn Additional Production: Jonathan Fisher Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Hello and welcome to The Everything is Black and White Podcast - it's The Monday Show with Andrew and Aaron. This week the pair talk about that great win over Man United, and just how impressive Newcastle United's fitness is. Man United may have been awful but Newcastle were brilliant. There's praise for Tino Livramento, Kieran Trippier, and pretty much everyone who played on Saturday. They talk about Nick Pope's injury and the potential arrival of David de Gea. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Martha Dalton is co-founder of the award-winning bourbon brand named after the legendary racehorse. Never Say Die is a British take on a classic American whiskey, distilled in Kentucky and aged as it's shipped across the Atlantic to finish maturing in the UK. Dalton explains why the brand is following in the hoof-steps of the plucky, Derby-winning colt.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
My guest today is Will Peck. Will is the Head of Digital Assets at WisdomTree, where he oversees the firm's digital assets, crypto, and blockchain initiatives. After speaking with WisdomTree's CIO, Jeremy Schwartz, a few weeks ago it was great to explore their digital strategy with Will. We discuss the firm's digital roots, the complexity around launching a bitcoin ETF, and their innovative app – WisdomTree Prime. Please enjoy my conversation with Will Peck. For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here. ----- Making Markets is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Making Markets, visit joincolossus.com/episodes. Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here. Follow us on Twitter: @makingmkts | @ericgoldenx Show Notes: (00:02:05) - First Question - How he became the head of Digital Assets at WisdomTree (00:02:51) - Wisdom Trees first steps into the digital assets space (00:04:50) - Why he thinks bitcoin is not a replacement for gold (00:06:31) - His views on the US regulatory market and why launching in Europe is different (00:09:15) - FCC denial and what that means for GPTC (00:11:01) - The BlackRock twist that finally put things in motion (00:13:11) - The likelihood that similar businesses and assets will copy one another (00:16:37) - Derby style launching and splitting the pot (00:17:57) - Why he thinks ETFs make the most sense (00:20:13) - His macro take on where Bitcoin is (00:21:29) - The reason why they chose the public market versus private (00:24:08) - How black listing is handled when a financial firm launches a token (00:26:21) - What he thinks about the finality of settlement (00:27:53) - WisdomTree Prime's focus on the wallet (00:31:24) - The big change for Wisdom Tree to build physical infrastructure (00:35:05) - He explains Prime (00:36:16) - Stable coins and what they are invested in (00:37:40) - How Wisdom Tree bond funds work (00:37:59) - Creating funds around regulatory ambiguity (00:39:06) - How bond funds pay interest to tokens (00:40:22) - Logistics behind moving tokens from a Prime wallet to another account (00:42:06) - Keeping record of tokens (00:43:38) - He talks about the token opportunities they are most excited about (00:46:24) - Steps to get a stable coin to pay interest (00:47:17) - What he's most excited for Wisdom Tree clients to experience Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
What's good CHN Radio Fam?!? We are back at it with another episode of CHN Radio for ya! Josh and Elijah review Newcastle's win Chelsea, recap Newcastle's last few weeks, and look ahead to the Manchester United match
Our guy Louie Rabaut (@RadioLouie) sits down with Louisville Media Legend Fred Cowgill to talk the ponies. A look at the two biggest Derby 150 preps to date, and a look ahead to the late pick 4 at Aqueduct. Remsen / KY Derby Prep Demoiselle / KY Oaks Prep --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/horseracinghappyhour/message
Esta semana La PaLtía cambia a Mr. Presi por el Presi de #LaPaltiaFanClub, Anexis Morales. Además les traemos los últimos resultados de la Champions League, lo ocurrido en el Derby d'Italia entre Juventus e Inter Milan y el nuevo líder de la Premier League. Únete a nuestro Discord pa' que cocotees con La PaLtía Fan Club. https://discord.gg/sZZbvrmbzv No te olvides darle like a La PaLtía Podcast en Facebook e Instagram y también dale subscribe y campanita a GW5 Network en Youtube para que no te pierdas todos los miércoles a las 10am tu podcast favorito de fútbol, LA PALTÍA PODCAST.
Il 29 novembre del 1998 è il giorno in cui Totti ha segnato il suo primo gol in un derby, rendendo possibile quello che sembrava impossibile.Ieri/Oggi recupera e racconta attimi di vite giallorosse nel giorno in cui sono accaduti, pochi o tanti anni fa.
DERBY D'ITALIA | Juventus vs Inter headlined the weekend but did it disappoint? | Episode 283 We invite our guests to help break down Juve vs Inter and all of it's action. We'll get into the rest of the matchweek and look back at the Azzurri's qualification into Euros 2024. And of course, the world's most popular hashtag game, Who Won Calcio Twitter. #Euro2024 #DerbyDItalia #SerieA #SerieATIM #CoppaItaliaFrecciarossa #WorldCup #CoppaItalia #Roma #Lazio #DerbyDellaCapitale #DerbyDItalia #Milan #Atalanta #Fiorentina #Juventus #Sampdoiria #Cagliari #Lazio #Spezia #Azzurri #Thiaw #calciomercato #mercato #UCL #ASRoma Join the conversation! #Calcio2Go @WorldFootballi #SerieA #SerieATIM #UCL #ChampionsLeague #Inter #Atalanta #Napoli #Milan #Lazio #Juventus #Roma Twitter: @SerieASitdown Instagram: @SerieASitdown
Part Two of the Morning Footy podcast kicks off by welcoming in FC Cincinnati coach Pat Noonan to talk about his team's upcoming MLS Conference Final match against Columbus (1:43). Next, the MF crew discuss the history of the Hell is Real Derby from origin story to where it is today (14:16). Then, the group open up the Morning Footy Mailbag answering questions about UCL (25:50). And then Christine Cupo takes charge to focus on all the Italian teams currently in Champions League as well as some Champions League predictions to close things out (38:27). Morning Footy is available for free on the Audacy app as well as Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher and wherever else you listen to podcasts. Follow the Morning Footy podcast on Twitter: @CBSSportsGolazo, @susannahcollins, @nicocantor1, @NotAlexis, @CharlieDavies9 For more soccer coverage from CBS Sports, visit https://www.cbssports.com/soccer/ To hear more from the CBS Sports Podcast Network, visit https://www.cbssports.com/podcasts/ Watch UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Europa Conference League, Serie A, Coppa Italia, CONCACAF, NWSL, Scottish Premiership, the Brasileiro, Argentine Primera División by subscribing Paramount Plus: https://www.paramountplus.com/home/ To learn more about listener data and our privacy practices visit: https://www.audacyinc.com/privacy-policy Learn more about your ad choices. Visit https://podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Musa and Ryan begin with the Premier League (06:28), where Aston Villa move into the top four, big wins for Luton and Bournemouth, a wonder goal by Garnacho, Arsenal go top and Liverpool hold Man City at the Etihad (29:36)! They then head to Italy, where the Derby d'Italia ended all square (40:17), Ryan was in Dortmund to see a five-goal first half thriller against Gladbach (49:33), Leverkusen continues to impress and some other great games this weekend around Europe. Hosts: Ryan Hunn and Musa Okwonga Producer: Ryan Hunn Additional Production: Jonathan Fisher Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Snowball Derby preview rolls on as we are joined by Michael Conforth & Ricky Tassinari, couple dudes behind the scenes working for Fury, with many stops along the way. Hear about their Derby experiences, where they've been, and what they're up too now. We also recap the shit show at the Turkey Derby, and Southern National, before talking Thanksgiving, Patreon questions, Charlie and Brad's Snowball Derby plans, and we pick a winner for this weekends deal. Support the show
Jimbo, James Horncastle, Raphael Honigstein, Julien Laurens and Alvaro Romeo look ahead to Matchday 5 in the Champions League with destinies set to be decided. The Magpies head to Paris looking to replicate their 4-1 win earlier in the campaign. But can Milan stop wasting chances and beat Dortmund, even without their new 15-year-old prodigy? It's a big week for Barcelona, starting with a clash with Porto in Catalunya. What has happened to Robert Lewandowski? Bayern's new number 9 keeps scoring but it's still Leverkusen who are top of the Bundesliga after the best start ever. And the top two of Juventus and Inter cannot be separated in the Derby d'Italia. Plus Troyes, happy birthdays and Nike adverts. Produced by Charlie Jones. RUNNING ORDER: • PART 1a: A mixed international break (01.00) • PART 1b: Moment of the weekend (05.45) • PART 2: PSG v Newcastle and Milan v Dortmund previews (11.45) • PART 3a: Galatasaray v Man United preview / Nike adverts (25.00) • PART 3b: Barcelona v Porto preview (31.00) • PART 3c: Real Madrid v Napoli preview (37.00) • PART 4: Honours even between the top two in Italy (43.00) • PART 5: Leverkusen's record-breaking start in the Bundesliga (50.00) • PART 6a: Nice stay unbeaten, plus the trials and tribulations of Troyes (57.00) • PART 6b: The rest of the action in La Liga (66.00) SIGN UP TO THE ATHLETIC TODAY FOR £19.99 FOR 12 MONTHS • theathletic.com/totally *** • Give a perfect-fit gift with Indochino. Go to Indochino dot com and use code TOTALLY to get 10% off any purchase of $399 or more. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Juventus couldn't record another win coming out of an international break this season, but were able to at the very least keep the distance between first and second place in Serie A just as it was before kickoff against Inter this past weekend. On Episode 188 of The Old Lady Speaks Podcast, we discuss: Takeaways from the game that was — including how we got to see Hans Nicolussi Caviglia make his first career Juve start in one of the toughest assignments there is, how the Derby d'Italia was a game of two Serbs for two very different ways, and how nice it was to hear the Allianz Stadium be loud again in a big game. Thoughts on Juventus' 1-1 draw against Inter in the first Derby d'Italia of the season. Things can be boiled down to this after Inter's equalizer: the appetite for risk that Max Allegri has no matter who's available for selection. Twitter questions — including why does Max Allegri continue to go back to Alex Sandro despite the obvious fact that he is completely washed, and why aren't more people giving Allegri his due for doing a good job with a limited squad so far this season. You can follow us — or send us questions — on Twitter @JuventusNation or on Facebook as well as the Fans First Sports Network @FansFirstSN. You can also follow us on our Instagram page, too! Get all of our match coverage, transfer rumors and much more at our website, blackwhitereadallover.com. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Susannah Collins, Nico Cantor, Charlie Davies, and Alexis Guerreros kick off today's show by recapping the two big match draws in Man City vs Liverpool and Juventus vs Inter Milan, as well as Erling Haaland being the fastest to fifty Premier League goals (1:34). Then, the MF crew go over their betting results from the weekend and discuss the battle for Alejandro Bedoya to stay in Philly (21:54). And finally, a look at all the other notable results around the Premier League at the weekend with Arsenal taking top of table (26:16). The group chat controversial calls in both MLS Playoff Semifinals with Christina Unkel in Part Two of the Morning Footy podcast! Morning Footy is available for free on the Audacy app as well as Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher and wherever else you listen to podcasts. Follow the Morning Footy podcast on Twitter: @CBSSportsGolazo, @susannahcollins, @nicocantor1, @NotAlexis, @CharlieDavies9 For more soccer coverage from CBS Sports, visit https://www.cbssports.com/soccer/ To hear more from the CBS Sports Podcast Network, visit https://www.cbssports.com/podcasts/ Watch UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Europa Conference League, Serie A, Coppa Italia, CONCACAF, NWSL, Scottish Premiership, the Brasileiro, Argentine Primera División by subscribing Paramount Plus: https://www.paramountplus.com/home/ To learn more about listener data and our privacy practices visit: https://www.audacyinc.com/privacy-policy Learn more about your ad choices. Visit https://podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Episode 38: Dog Sports Derby ** Apologies right off the start line, I keep referencing the name of the sports arena as Derby Dog Sports, when in fact, it is called Dog Sports Derby. https://www.facebook.com/dogsportsderby or https://dogsportsderby.com/ Lovely facility and incredible day of agility, dogs and handlers alike were on top form.
Poppy Miller, Nico Cantor, Christine Cupo, and Alexis Guerreros kick off today's show by taking a look at some of the biggest matches at the weekend including Man City vs Liverpool and Juventus vs Inter Milan (1:38). Then, the MF crew discuss the Euro 2024 Playoffs draw that was just released and reveal who they expect to march through (16:07). Next, Geoff Shreeves is welcomed in to take a deeper look into all the Premier League has to offer in its return weekend from international break (21:49). And finally, a deeper look into the Derby d'Italia as Cupo leads the charge in Juve's defense (35:30). The group chat fifteen year old Francesco Comarda's inclusion in the AC Milan senior squad in Part Two of the Morning Footy podcast! Morning Footy is available for free on the Audacy app as well as Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher and wherever else you listen to podcasts. Follow the Morning Footy podcast on Twitter: @CBSSportsGolazo, @susannahcollins, @nicocantor1, @NotAlexis, @CharlieDavies9 For more soccer coverage from CBS Sports, visit https://www.cbssports.com/soccer/ To hear more from the CBS Sports Podcast Network, visit https://www.cbssports.com/podcasts/ Watch UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Europa Conference League, Serie A, Coppa Italia, CONCACAF, NWSL, Scottish Premiership, the Brasileiro, Argentine Primera División by subscribing Paramount Plus: https://www.paramountplus.com/home/ To learn more about listener data and our privacy practices visit: https://www.audacyinc.com/privacy-policy Learn more about your ad choices. Visit https://podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Can Liverpool knock City off their perch? James Pearce previews the clash between the top two in the Premier League Who will win the Derby d'Italia? James Horncastle explains why Juventus v Inter is the bitterest rivalry in Serie A What's the mood at Everton ahead of their first game post the ten point deduction? Patrick Boyland tells us what to expect at Goodison when the Toffees face Manchester United Host: Adam Leventhal Producer: Abi Paterson Executive Producer: Iain Macintosh and Ben Green Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
On Friday's Rugby Daily, Cathal Mullaney brings you the team news from all four Irish provinces ahead of the weekend's URC action. Jeremy Loughman and Sean O'Brien look ahead to Leinster's clash with Munster on Saturday.Steven Kitshoff sets out his intent as he gets set to make his Ulster debut. And after a difficult year for the Premiership, Northampton Saints' report a better financial picture.
Liam McLeod and new Clyde manager Ian McCall discuss all the big stories in Scottish football including Celtic's AGM and Alex McLeish's industrial injury calls. They discuss Ian's challenging new job at Clyde and preview the Scottish Cup third round. They're also joined by Craig Brewster and Raith Rovers fan Alan Russel to take look at Friday night's Fife derby.
The post-international break slate of games to close out the 2023 calendar year is going to start with a banger this weekend, as it's first-place Inter against second-place Juventus at the Allianz Stadium in Turin on Sunday night. On Episode 187 of The Old Lady Speaks Podcast, we discuss: So, the Derby d'Italia is this weekend. Let's check out who is likely not playing for Juventus ... oh, that's not good. There are injuries, but this is still Juventus' chance to head into December as the Serie A leaders. Inter are very good (even though they are forever frauds), so this is Juventus' best opportunity yet to show whether or not they are actually Scudetto challengers this season. Which Juve players are we watching when they face Inter this Sunday night? You can follow us — or send us questions — on Twitter @JuventusNation or on Facebook as well as the Fans First Sports Network @FansFirstSN. You can also follow us on our Instagram page, too! Get all of our match coverage, transfer rumors and much more at our website, blackwhitereadallover.com. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
THE FILTHY AWAY SHIRT IS AVAILABLE NOW AT - HTTP://WWW.FILTHYATFIVE.COM A classic guest episode of FILTHY @ FIVE sees former IPSWICH, CHARLTON, TOTTENHAM, SUNDERLAND, ASTON VILLA, FULHAM, BRIGHTON, DERBY and BURTON striker DARREN BENT talks about his goals, his teammates, the team he loves, his favourite wrestlers and more with STEVO, MILES, PK, LIPPY, MARGS, SPECS, JORDY and TEGO.
Arda Öcal and Greg Wyshynski are joined by Emily Kaplan on The Drop to break down the buzz surrounding Patrick Kane's impending decision, the most disappointing team this season and the latest on the World Cup of Hockey. Arda and Greg also weigh in not the Winter Classic Jerseys “leak” online and decide which NHL teams are FOR REAL. 0:00 Welcome back to The Drop! 0:30 Winter Classic Jerseys “Leak” Are these NHL teams for real? 8:03 New York Rangers ARE for real - Greg 9:30 Philadelphia Flyers? 10:18 Are the Washington Capitals trending in the right direction? 11:30 St. Louis Blues: Are they for real? 12:49 Are the Canucks THE REAL DEAL? 15:35 Emily Kaplan on the top landing spots for Patrick Kane 18:32 World Cup of Hockey with *no* Russians? 24:50 Most disappointing NHL team so far? 29:02 What we're thankful for in hockey: Jack Hughes, Star Wars Night and more! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Welcome back to Highest Aspirations, an education podcast focused on providing educators with inspiration and strategies to help multilingual learners achieve their highest aspirations. In our last episode, we spoke with Dr. Joanna Dreby and Dr. Eric Macias about the work they are doing facilitate meaningful discussions among undergraduate students on immigration at the University of Albany and how some of the strategies they use might work in K-12 settings. In this episode, I spoke with one of their students about how the experience impacted her and shifted her academic trajectory. Falmari Rojas-Barrios is a graduate student who worked with Dr. Derby and Dr. Macias. She joins us to share a student perspective on how access (and lack thereof) to EL services impacted her K-12 experience, the challenges she and many young people with immigrant parents face in sharing their migration experiences, and some recommendations for how schools can better support the many students who share her experience. We will be featuring Dr. Joanna Dreby and Falmari Rojas-Barrios during our 4th annual IMPACT conference. This is a free, virtual event that takes place on December 4th, 5th, and 7th. You can find more information and register by visiting our EL Community at www.ellevationeducation.com/elcommunity. --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/highest-aspirations/message
Happy Thanksgiving!This week I'm doing a cross promotion with my other podcast, Neuroversity and featuring a very special episode.Join me as I have a conversation with the most important autistic voice you will ever hear on this podcast, my daughter Grace. This is not an inspirational story. This is not a sad story. This is Grace's story. How she remembers finding out she's autistic. How she sees herself as a neurodivergent teenager. How she feels about this podcast, and what she is looking forward to in her future. One story. One autistic experience. And I've never been more proud to put it out into the world. Because one story can change everything. Just like she has forever changed me.About the Guest:Grace Kidwell is a 15 year old freshman from Alexandria, VA. She is a member of her school dance team, loves to read, wishes she could travel more, and adores her dog Derby. Follow Neuroversity for more content focused on elevating neurodivergent voices and experiences. Support the showKeep up with all things WeSTAT on any (or ALL) of the social feeds:InstagramThreads : westatpodFacebookLinkedInTwitterHave a topic or want to stay in touch via e-mail on all upcoming news?https://www.westatpod.com/Help monetarily support the podcast by subscribing to the show! This is an easy way to help keep the conversations going:https://www.buzzsprout.com/768062/supporters/new
With just about one-third of the 2023-24 Serie A season played and Juventus sitting in second place ahead of the Derby d'Italia this weekend, we dished out some thoughts on the early part of the campaign and had out some awards — both good and bad. You can follow us — or send us questions — on Twitter @JuventusNation or on Facebook as well as the Fans First Sports Network @FansFirstSN. You can also follow us on our Instagram page, too! Get all of our match coverage, transfer rumors and much more at our website, blackwhitereadallover.com. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Justin, Rob, and Wos join to discuss the Warriors' sixth straight loss, which occurred against the Thunder, and dispiriting performances from Steph's supporting cast at the start of this season. They also explore some potential trade options (3:00). Then, they talk about the surprising start to the Rockets' season, the impressive development from their young star Alperen Sengun, and the structure Ime Udoka has installed within the organization (23:07). Later, they examine the Zach LaVine sweepstakes and consider the most realistic destinations and trade packages (35:57). Hosts: Justin Verrier, Rob Mahoney, and Wosny Lambre Producer: Jack Sanders Additional Production Supervision: Ben Cruz Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Episode #197 TOPICS: Why did Roberto Martinez call up his best players even though they qualified? Final Derby thoughts. FC Porto General Assembly problems. Portuguese Managers and Players Abroad Report + other Liga stuff of interest.
Armin Mandara: Thriving Teams and Joyful Work, Armin's Vision of Scrum Master Success Read the full Show Notes and search through the world's largest audio library on Scrum directly on the Scrum Master Toolbox Podcast website: http://bit.ly/SMTP_ShowNotes. Armin reflects on the essence of success for Scrum Masters, emphasizing the delivery of high-performing teams and consistent, valuable software. He emphasizes the importance of joy and camaraderie within the team, highlighting laughter and open communication as key indicators. Armin stresses the value of fun in facilitating difficult conversations. Success, in his view, also hinges on the team's ability to openly discuss problems. In this episode, wer refer to the episode about a team that got into trouble: “When Harmony Hinders Progress, Learning to Trigger Difficult Conversations”. [LINK] Featured Retrospective Format for the Week: Fostering Open Conversations with Simple Retrospective Techniques and Exercises Armin likes to use the framework by Derby and Larsen (introduced in the Agile Retrospectives book). He begins with a warm-up exercise to set the stage and assess the mood of the team. For data gathering on what's going well and what needs improvement he might run the "glad/sad/mad" exercise. Armin values open conversation for generating insights and emphasizes clear instructions for each phase. To conclude, he incorporates a lively check-out exercise, ensuring a fun and engaging close to the retrospective session. This approach enhances team reflection and facilitates meaningful discussions for continuous improvement. [IMAGE HERE] Retrospectives, planning sessions, vision workshops, we are continuously helping teams learn about how to collaborate in practice! In this Actionable Agile Tools book, Jeff Campbell shares some of the tools he's learned over a decade of coaching Agile Teams. The pragmatic coaching book you need, right now! Buy Actionable Agile Tools on Amazon, or directly from the author, and supercharge your facilitation toolbox! About Armin Mandara Armin is the Head of Scrum Masters at IBM iX, a leading digital agency. With a career spanning seven years as a Scrum Master, Armin has partnered with numerous teams to successfully deliver top-notch digital products. His passion lies in enabling agile teams to achieve their goals and unleash their true potential. You can link with Armin Mandara on LinkedIn.
The full foursome is back together to discuss all the biggest results from he weekend that was! Chaos at the conclusion of the NWSL Final, a rowdy time between Chelsea and Man City, a physical affair in Rome, Phoenix conquering all in its path, and much much more! --- Today's show is brought to you by... BetterHelp! Visit BetterHelp.com/TSS to get 10% off your first month. Indochino! Secure your appointment now with sales starting in-store and online November 6th, at indochino.com --- JOIN THE TSS+ PATREON! Check out our brand-new Patreon, which houses bonus podcasts, access to our exclusive Discord, blog posts, videos, and much more. Become a member today at patreon.com/totalsoccershow! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Lenormand was a fortune-teller in France in the 19th century. She was hugely influential, because despite her work being illegal, very important and powerful people consulted her for cartomancy readings. Research: "Marie Anne Lenormand." Encyclopedia of World Biography Online, vol. 38, Gale, 2018. Gale In Context: U.S. History, link.gale.com/apps/doc/K1631010818/GPS?u=mlin_n_melpub&sid=bookmark-GPS&xid=13b27256. Accessed 5 Oct. 2023. “Madmoiselle Lenormand.” Chambers's Journal of Popular Literature, Science and Arts, Volume 3. W.R. Chambers. 1845. https://books.google.com/books?id=TodTAAAAYAAJ Delistraty, Cody. “The Surprising Historical Significance of Fortune-Telling.” JSTOR Daily. 10/26/2016. https://daily.jstor.org/surprising-historical-significance-fortune-telling/ Goodrich, Frank Boott. “The court of Napoleon.” New York, Derby & Jackson. 1857. https://archive.org/details/courtofnapoleon00good Greer, Mary K. “Mlle. Lenormand, the most famous card reader of all time.” Mary K. Greer's Tarot Blog. https://marykgreer.com/2008/02/12/madame-le-normand-the-most-famous-card-reader-of-all-time/ Gronow, Rees Howell. “Celebrities of London and Paris: Being a Third Series of Reminiscences and Anecdotes of the Camp the Court and the Clubs : Containing a Correct Account of the Coup D'état.” Smith, Elder & Company, 1865 Harvey, David Allen. “Beyond Enlightenment: Occultism, Politics, and Culture in France from the Old Regime to the Fin-de-Siècle.” The Historian , SPRING 2003, Vol. 65, No. 3. Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24452371 Howitt, William. “Mademoiselle le Normand, The Parisian Sibyl of the Revolution.” The Spiritual magazine. London, F. Pitman [etc.]. 1860. Irving, Washington. “The journals of Washington Irving (hitherto unpublished).” Boston. Bibliophile Society. 1919. https://archive.org/details/journalsofwashin03irvi/ Jewett, J.P. “Remarkable Women of Different Nations and Ages.” 1858. https://archive.org/details/remarkablewomen00unkngoog/page/n220/ Le Normand, M. A. “The oracle of human destiny: or, the unerring foreteller of future events, and accurate interpreter of mystical signs and influences; through the medium of common cards.” London. C.S. Arnold. 1825. https://archive.org/details/b29337926/page/n24/mode/1up Levi, Eliphas. “Dogma et Rituel de la Haute Magie.” Translated by A. E. Waite. Vol. 2. Originally published by Rider & Company, England, 1896. O'Meara, Barry Edward. “Napoleon in Exile, Or, A Voice from St. Helena.” W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, 1822. Rogers, Charles. “Memorials of the earl of Stirling and of the house of Alexander.” 1877. https://books.google.com/books?id=zXABAAAAQAAJ Shelley, Lady Frances. “The diary of Frances, Lady Shelley.” Vol. 1. 1912. https://archive.org/details/diaryoffrancesla0001shel/ Sylverne, Stephanie. “Good Fortune: How Empress Bonaparte Popularized the Tarot Card Trend and Made Her Cartomancer a Household Name.” Mental Floss. 11/1/2017. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/509667/good-fortune-how-empress-bonaparte-popularized-tarot-card-trend-and-made-her-cartomancer-household The National Magazine. “Mademoiselle le Normand.” 1853. https://archive.org/details/sim_national-magazine-devoted-to-literature-art-and-religion_1853-05_2_5 See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.