organic matter that has been decomposed
The joe gardener Show - Organic Gardening - Vegetable Gardening - Expert Garden Advice From Joe Lamp'l
Gardeners know compost is the best thing for their soil, but the science behind the benefits of compost is generally not well understood. To shed light on how composting works and why compost enriches soil, my guest this week is chemist, author, and Master Gardener Robert Pavlis. Podcast Links for Show notes Download my free eBook 5 Steps to Your Best Garden Ever - the 5 most important steps anyone can do to have a thriving garden or landscape. It's what I still do today, without exception to get incredible results, even in the most challenging conditions. Subscribe to the joegardener® email list to receive weekly updates about new podcast episodes, seasonal gardening tips, and online gardening course announcements. Check out The joegardener® Online Gardening Academy for our growing library of organic gardening courses. Follow joegardener® on Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest, and Twitter, and subscribe to The joegardenerTV YouTube channel.
As a way of welcoming Spring let's learn about composting, specially curbside composting. The result - a beautiful rich soil ready for your spring planting. Let's hear more in this episode.___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Black Earth Compost was founded in January 2011, in Gloucester, MA. Originally a one man, one truck, Cape Ann company, it has steadily grown to become the leading full-service compost company in New England. With over 25 trucks, they are dedicated to collecting food scraps from residents, schools, supermarkets, colleges, and more, all across eastern MA and RI. They are also the only vertically integrated company that composts the material too, returning it to customers and selling it in garden centers across Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire. They are your one-stop-shop for all your organic waste collection or garden soil needs.In this episode, we talk with Conor Miller, Partner, CEO of Black Earth Composting as he shares his journey and how the business had to pivot during the pandemic to moving from commercial pick-ups to residential pick-ups and compost delivery. Learn more in this episode.#garden #eco friendly #sustainability #greenliving #sustainablecooking #soil #dirt #rhodeisland #foodwaste×#newengland #composting #compost #gardening #zero waste #sustainable #planting #gloucestermassachussetts #organicwaste×
Composting very popular / Mexico travel warning // LAUSD update / storm // Day at the docks with Angel / LIVE giant Snails in Man's Luggage // LAUSD / Mo Kelly
Jay Young of Young Red Angus in Tribune, KS joined me to talk about his regenerative journey. We focus early on in this conversation on the making and applying of compost extracts. We then turn our attention to the cows that he is grazing on the cover crops that he is growing with the compost...
Why do I farm this way? Context, values, and passion are all part of the equation and reason. Becky Szarzynski of Mountain Glen Farm is a well-spoken, highly knowledgeable young, innovative farmer in the Shenandoah Valley. Becky shares specifically why she farms the way she does and emphasizes the importance of walking your land, observing what is happening in the ecosystem, and not being afraid to try something new because you might be surprised by a hawk, Bobwhite quail, or dung beetle.Becky serves as a coordinator of the Virginia Forage and Grassland Council's and Virginia Soil Health Coalition's farmer-to-farmer mentor programs. Becky generously shares what she has learned through the years and the mentors who have shared their knowledge and experience with Becky and others.To learn more about Mountain Glen Farm and the educational videos that Becky mentioned, please visit https://mountainglenfarm.com. The mentors that Becky mentioned included her parents, but also Greg Judy, Gabe Brown, Allen Savory, Dr. Elaine Ingham, and others.Learn more about the Virginia Soil Health Coalition at https://www.virginiasoilhealth.org/ Please visit our new website with additional conversations and resources at https://www.4thesoil.org.
It's Tuesday, and we're taking a look at the stories that matter to Denverites this week. Obviously that means Casa Bonita. The May reopening is approaching, and more than 11,000 people have RSVP'd to wait in line when the official opening date is announced. Host Bree Davies and producer Paul Karolyi speculate about Casa Bonita 2.0, then they dig into stories about state GOP's recent election of Dave “Let's Go Brandon” Williams to lead the party, new rules for composters, and a controversial school closure in Sun Valley. Plus, after our episode laying out important rules for surviving Denver two weeks ago, we got tons of your submissions for more rules. Paul and Bree talk through our faves. Bree mentioned statements about the Fairview Elementary closure from Councilwoman Jamie Torres and DPS Board Vice President Aoun'tai Anderson. Hang out with us in person and hear Bree read her high school journals at the next edition of Mortified Live, happening April 13th! And if you want a chance to win a pair of free tickets to the event, leave us a voicemail with your own angsty, cringey, embarrassing teenage memory — bonus points if it's got a Denver twist! The number to call is 720-500-5418. For even more news from around the city, subscribe to our morning newsletter Hey Denver by texting “Denver” to 66866 Follow us on Twitter: @citycastdenver Or instagram: @citycastdenver Chat with other listeners on reddit: r/CityCastDenver Text or leave us a voicemail with your name and neighborhood, and you might hear it on the show: (720) 500-5418 Looking to advertise on City Cast Denver? Check out our options for podcast and newsletter ads at citycast.fm/advertise Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
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PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
Julie is super happy--Nearly spring equinox and bluebonnets have arrived! Everything is blooming, even the parasites! But even freeloading plants can't dampen her spirit--YAY for SPRING! SPONSOR OFFER! Use promo code PLOWHOSE10 to save 10% off your next order at TrueLeafMarket.com
Peach leaf curl, fire blight, citrus issues, and more. Don Shor, owner of Redwood Barn Nursery and horticulturist extraordinaire, joins me to discuss issues that may arise on your fruit trees this spring and summer. Don and Redwood Barn Nursery can be found at: Website: redwoodbarn.com Instagram: redwoodbarnnursery & don.shor Facebook: Redwood Barn Nursery Podcasts: Davis Garden Show on Apple Podcasts; Jazz After Dark on Apple Podcasts To ask questions for future shows, submit them at: · Facebook · Instagram · email Marlene at email@example.com Find Marlene over on YouTube, Instagram and Facebook
Artisan Bread Recipe mentioned:https://artisanbreadinfive.com/2013/10/22/the-new-artisan-bread-in-five-minutes-a-day-is-launched-back-to-basics-updated/
PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
February ends with crazy weather. March starts with crazy weather. Recent rain caused weeds to go crazy, but Julie doesn't mind. Focus on spring weed henbit, plus couple of recommendations on foundation landscaping--hightlights on Indian Hawthorn and Pineapple Guava. SPONSOR OFFER! Use promo code PLOWHOSE10 to save 10% off your next order at TrueLeafMarket.com
30% of what NYC sends to landfills is organic waste. Which means the city is paying a lot of money and adding to carbon emissions with material that could otherwise be composted. In this episode, we breakdown the benefits of composting and spend a bit more time talking about the practicality of composting - and how the city is changing its approach to make composting easier and more accessible. Composting is likely coming to your neighborhood soon, so mark the dates and get ready to save your organic material, doing your part as a New Yorker!
Myth has an interesting and complex relationship to history. Myth is part of the historical record of our species, and part of the history of a given people. And myth shapes history. Myth gives rise to the beliefs and point of view that create our world, determine the present, and influence the future. This blending of myth and history can lead to important revelations and new understanding, and it can create blind spots. I started thinking about this after watching the movie "The Woman King," inspired by the warrior women of Dahomey, the Agojie. Visiting Europeans called these women "Amazons." I talk about the movie (no spoilers), Amazons, and some of the twists and turns of myth and history. This episode gestated with me a while and I learned a few things putting it together for you. I hope it gives you food for thought and enhances your appreciation of the movie (which I encourage you to see:)).Support the showEmail Catherine at firstname.lastname@example.orgPost a positive review on apple podcasts! Learn how you can work with Catherine at https://mythicmojo.com
It is the March To Do List, and we are still in the heart of winter with lots of cold and wet days. Not just cold and wet – we have had very low elevation snow throughout California…crazy. Spring looms though, and preparation is paramount. It is time to plant: · Vegetables: Broccoli, beets, cabbage, cauliflower, chive, collards, swiss chard, kale, lettuce, potatoes, radish · Start tomato, eggplant, and (maybe) peppers inside · Annual flowers · Dahlias & summer bulbs (like gladiolas) Chores include: · Prune roses · Check irrigation · Transplant actively growing plants · Cut back dying foliage of bulbs We finish up with a Listener Q&A section. Topics covered include: · Can roses be trimmed in Dec/Jan before the budding starts? · Tomato questions: o When is the best time to start planting? o Is it better to start them in the ground or a container? o When I plant tomatoes, are there other vegetables (certain peppers?) that can be planted at the same time? · Is it too late to plant bulbs? Are there any particular varieties that can be planted in late Feb/March? · African violets that have not bloomed in a very long time – any recommendations about how to get them to bloom? To ask questions for future shows, submit them at: · Facebook · Instagram · email Marlene at email@example.com Find Marlene over on YouTube, Instagram and Facebook
Garden Basics with Farmer Fred
Since the name of the show is Garden Basics, let's cover something that's basic, but not necessarily easy or successful. America's Favorite Retired College Horticulture Professor, Debbie Flower walks us step by step through the topic of how to repot a plant. It's not as simple as you might think, and we offer tips to make sure your repotting efforts are more successful. Some Topics covered include:• What is a sure fire way of knowing your plant has overgrown the pot? It's a habit you should get into doing on a regular basis. (2:30)• If a plant is overgrown in a pot, do you need to use a bigger pot? (4:23)• What's the easiest ways of removing a cramped plant from its pot? Debbie has a serious tool for the job, a garden implement that no gardener should be without. (5:27)• Should you fertilize a newly repotted plant? (26:45)We're podcasting from Barking Dog Studios here in the beautiful Abutilon Jungle in Suburban Purgatory. It's the Garden Basics with Farmer Fred podcast, brought to you today by Smart Pots and Dave Wilson Nursery. Let's go!Previous episodes, show notes, links, product information, and transcripts at the home site for Garden Basics with Farmer Fred, GardenBasics.net. Transcripts and episode chapters also available at BuzzsproutPictured: Daphne Odora, Winter Daphne. Is it too big for the pot?Links: Subscribe to the free, Beyond the Garden Basics Newsletter https://gardenbasics.substack.com Smart Pots https://smartpots.com/fred/ Dave Wilson Nursery https://www.davewilson.com/home-garden/Hori Hori knifeSoil Mixes For Container Gardening (UC)UC Properties of Soil Mix ComponentsFarmer Fred Rant: Make Your Own Planting MixDr. Linda Chalker Scott - Soil Structure and FunctionalityRaffaele DiLallo author - “Houseplant Warrior” All About Farmer Fred: Farmer Fred website The Farmer Fred Rant! Blog Facebook: "Get Growing with Farmer Fred" Instagram: farmerfredhoffman Twitter: @farmerfredFarmer Fred Garden Minute Videos on YouTube As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases from possible links mentioned here.Got a garden question? • Leave an audio question without making a phone call via Speakpipe, at https://www.speakpipe.com/gardenbasics• Call or text us the question: 916-292-8964. • Fill out the contact box at GardenBasics.net• E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgThank you for listening, subscribing and commenting on the Garden Basics with Farmer Fred podcast and the Beyond the Garden Basics Newsletter
Just Grow Something | A Gardening Podcast
On this week's Focal Point Friday episode, I'm following up with questions and comments I got about some recent episodes about phytoremediation, commercial compost, and using manure in the garden safely. Say Thank You! Just Grow Something Gardening Friends Facebook Group Check out how you can become a patron on Patreon Follow me on Instagram JustGrowSomethingPodcast.com Merchandise | Just Grow Something --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/justgrowsomething/message
Do you have dreams? Have you accomplished what you have wanted to in life? In this special episode of "Creation and Compost", I had the opportunity to interview a former student, Jared Rager, who is currently serving in the media booth with the Atlanta Braves. He grew up loving baseball, wrestling, and most every sport, but always had the passion to be a sports announcer. He began as a high school baseball and softball announcer, but has worked his way up through the Minors into the Big Leagues!Listen as we discuss his journey, his upbringing, his faith, and family support in attaining his path in this life. We also spend a substantial amount of time discussing the current state of Major League Baseball. Listen to both mine and Jared's top five "favorite parts of the game" and top five "things we would change". What do you think about the new MLB rules? Contact us and let us know! Find Jared on social media:Instagram Sportscaster Talent Agency of AmericaSponsors and/or Advertisements:Revitalize to Plant, Drs. Desmond Barrett, Jeff Skinnerwww.weaponsofrighteousness.orgwww.sevenweekscoffee.comThe Empty Nest (Facebook group page)Charlie Platt & The Dirt Road Sports Show (Facebook group page, YouTube channel)http://www.citizenimpactusa.org/SWGA Creations (email@example.com)Please visit or contact us:firstname.lastname@example.orgOur webpage- Creation and CompostFacebook group pageYouTube 1YouTube 2 "teach THE truth" 1 Peter 3:15-16Support the show
Meet American Farmsteadher, Sarah, who shares her story of homesteading on a small scale in an urban neighborhood. She explains how she's making her homestead work with what she has, and where she's at, using renewable resources.
PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
It's not February. It's CRAZY DAYS. Fickle temperatures make Julie distrusting. Go ahead and plant a last round of cool season favorites and try garden peas. It's a great time to plant!
Welcome Emily from Bridge Acres Farm to the podcast this week! Emily is a sought after dairy goat breeder local to us. She gives us many thoughts for the homesteader considering adding goats to her homestead.
The freedom to love and individuality. The difference between spiritual love and carnal love. Love for the self and love for a beloved. The fear and fascination elicited by those who don't fit conventional categories and definitions.Hans Christian Andersen was probably not thinking about these ideas when he wrote his fairy tale "The Little Mermaid," at least not with a conscious agenda. And yet this story about a mermaid, a figure with a long mythological history, offers an interesting opportunity to reflect on these themes.This original version by Andersen is not Disney. It might surprise you. The story doesn't offer solutions but it may launch valuable personal reflection into your beliefs about who and how to love, and how you value your love relationships. Support the showEmail Catherine at email@example.comPost a positive review on apple podcasts! Learn how you can work with Catherine at https://mythicmojo.com
We often hear about recycling as a way to make an impact on climate change right in your own home. But how big a difference are we really making when we recycle? For this episode, Anders Damgaard, senior researcher at the Technical University of Denmark, joins the TILclimate podcast to help us understand the climate benefits of recycling—and why they depend on what we're recycling and how.For a deeper dive and additional resources related to this episode, visit: https://climate.mit.edu/podcasts/til-about-recyclingFor more episodes of TILclimate by the MIT Environmental Solutions Initiative, visit tilclimate.mit.edu. CreditsLaur Hesse Fisher, Host and ProducerDavid Lishansky, Editor and ProducerAaron Krol, Associate ProducerNatalie Jones, Script WriterIlana Hirschfeld, Production AssistantSylvia Scharf, Education SpecialistMichelle Harris, Fact CheckerMusic by Blue Dot SessionsArtwork by Aaron Krol
Lawn care probably isn't the first thing you think of when you think about backyard ecology. Honestly, it isn't for me either. But it is something that most of us have to deal with in one way or another whether we do it ourselves or hire someone to do it for us. And I don't know about you, but lawn equipment in general, much less battery powered lawn equipment, is not my area of expertise. That's why when I heard about a landscaping company which specializes in low impact lawn care and has transitioned to all battery powered equipment, I became intrigued. Anthony and I have some battery powered lawn care equipment, but we've always shied away from battery powered lawn mowers. We just didn't think battery powered lawn mowers could handle our uneven, rough, hilly yard. But if this company was using all battery powered equipment on a commercial scale, then maybe we needed to rethink our assumptions for our own yard. Maybe you're in a similar boat and are trying to decide if battery powered is the way to go for your next piece of lawn equipment. Or maybe you'd like to be able to hire someone who approaches lawn care from a more ecological perspective but don't know how to find that person or the questions to ask. If so, then this episode is for you. In this episode, we are talking to Richard McCoy. Richard is the owner and operator of McCoy Horticultural Services. In the last couple of years, his business has transitioned from traditional gas powered lawn care equipment to battery powered equipment. His company also specializes in organic and low impact lawn care. Our conversation covered a number of topics related to battery powered lawn care equipment, vetting a land care contractor, and low impact lawn care. I appreciate Richard sharing his expertise and experiences with us. [2:58] Richard's story about how he got to where he is now [6:05] Compost, manure and the need to ask “why” and never stop learning [9:07] The transition from gas powered to battery powered lawn equipment [13:42] Battery powered lawn tool certification organizations [14:15] Are there instances when gas is a better option than battery powered equipment? [16:18] Basic guidelines for creating an ecologically sound landscape [18:22] Real world example of battery powered lawn equipment in use [20:09] How ecological lawncare differs from traditional lawncare [22:38] Battery powered lawn care equipment is on par with gasoline powered equipment, except for backpack leaf blowers [27:18] How homeowners can transition to battery powered lawn equipment [30:46] Challenges in ecological lawncare [31:36] Vetting a lawncare service and how to educate yourself [34:30] Beyond going electric – incorporating native plants [36:00] Putting it all together and having not just a yard but an ecosystem [37:43] Plant the species that are native to your area [39:02] Discussing the complexity of plant communities [41:39] How homeowners should plan their landscape [42:11] What is native and why does it matter [45:08] Ways landowners can find native plants for sale [46:44] The importance of understanding soil If you are looking for some simple, quick and easy ways to make your yard more attractive to pollinators and wildlife, you may want to check out my newest book, Attract Pollinators and Wildlife to Your Yard: 15 Free and Easy Ways. You can learn more about the book and place your order at https://shannontrimboli.com/product/attract-pollinators-and-wildlife-to-your-yard-15-free-and-easy-ways/ . Until next week, I encourage you to take some time to enjoy the nature in your own yard and community. Richard's Information: Website: https://mccoyfinegardens.com/ Blog: https://ecologymatters.net/ What to Look for When Hiring an Organic Landscaper: https://ecologymatters.net/2020/02/06/what-to-look-for-when-hiring-an-organic-landscaper-a-homeowners-quick-guide-to-simplify-the-search/ Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/mccoyhorticultural/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/mccoyhorticultural/ LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/richard-a-mccoy-28a26b73/ Other Resources Richard Recommended: American Green Zone Alliance: https://agza.net/ Northeast Organic Farming Association: https://nofa.org/ National Wildlife Federation Native Plant Finder: https://www.nwf.org/nativeplantfinder/ Rutgers' Organic Lance Care Best Practices Manual: https://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/publication.php?pid=e357 Prairie Up: An Introduction to Natural Garden Design by Benjamin Vogt*: https://amzn.to/3xdLivn Nature's Best Hope: A New Approach to Conservation That Starts in Your Yard by Doug Tallamy*: https://amzn.to/3lrao7r Bringing Nature Home: How You Can Sustain Wildlife with Native Plants by Doug Tallamy*: https://amzn.to/3JVv69J The Nature of Oaks: The Rich Ecology of Our Most Essential Native Trees by Doug Tallamy*: https://amzn.to/3JVyDVl General Backyard Ecology Links: Website: https://backyardecology.net YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/backyardecology Blog: https://www.backyardecology.net/blog/ Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/backyardecology Make a one-time donation: https://www.paypal.com/biz/fund?id=K7F3HJLJT9F8N Subscribe to Backyard Ecology emails: https://www.backyardecology.net/subscribe/ Episode image: Lawn mower Photo credit: Alexas_Fotos, cc-0 https://pixabay.com/photos/lawn-mower-mow-cut-the-lawn-green-2430725/
For more helpful information, advice, and recommendations, go to www.dirtdoctor.com.
For more helpful information, advice, and recommendations, go to www.dirtdoctor.com.
Earthkeepers: A Circlewood Podcast on Creation Care and Spirituality
In this episode, Forrest talks with Wesley Willison about his experiences at the Farminary—which, according to Princeton Seminary, is “a place where theological education is integrated with small-scale regenerative agriculture to train faith leaders”—leaders who care about ecology, sustainability, and food justice. Wesley is that kind of leader, and we'll be discussing how his Farminary education has impacted every part of his life, his faith, and his leadership.Guest: Wesley Willison The Farminary (Princeton Theological Seminary) Cultivate podcast: Spotify, Apple Podcasts How to Get Home podcast: Spotify, website Mentions: Strange Glory: A Life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer by Charles Marsh Theological Education at Finkenwalde: 1935-1937 by Dietrich Bonhoeffer Americanah by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie Earthkeepers Ep. 40: Creation Care & Community: Erika Alvarez and Johann Ruiz of Casa Adobe Earthkeepers Ep. 66: Earthy Spirituality: Learning from Farmers (and Children and Dogs) with Norman Wirzba Agrarian Spirit: Cultivating Faith, Community, and the Land by Norman Wirzba Earthkeepers Ep. 70: A New Day: James and Forrest Mark the Start of Season Four Kenda Creasy Dean Lilly Endowment Inc. Princeton Seminary receives recent grant from Lilly: article Jeff Chu Keywords: compost, agriculture, agrarian, farming, earth, environment, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, ecology, place, sensory, sustainability, food justice, food, theology, faith, Sabbath, death, soil, ministry, failure, Jesus, God, young adults, Bible, purpose, cultivate, hospitality, communion, seminary Find us on our website: Circlewood.Donate here to Earthkeepers Podcast. Join the Stand.
PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
Ahaha! Another destructive ice storm! WHY?!! With her seasonal optimism, Julie is just going to move on and pretend nothing happened. Refrigerator clean out yields happy discovery, plus let's plant some things--so much to plant! Plus companion planting with strawberries and rose care.
Join us today as we talk about all the things you can do now to prepare for a successful spring and summer garden.
Hey y'all, Farmer Jayne here. All those beautiful voices you hear were just some of the composters with me at the USCC Compost Conference with me last week in sunny California. I've had a week for that experience to percolate and have settled back into my farm compost site, Earth Care Farm, in Rhode Island where is -2F today. I always love being home, but whoa, that conference was so energizing! I learned a ton by visiting lots of different sized operations, the workshops were fantastic, the trade show floor was on point, but meeting my fellow compost lovers was by far the best part. I wanted to bring you a little of that compost conference experience to our listeners, so here is a little offering from some of the people I met and what they are up to. Follow the folks featured in the show... Charlie of Compost Bowling Green Jamie of Compost Queen PBC Bob Rynk of The Composting Handbook Nicholas aka Da Compost King Ryan & Adrienne of Happy Trash Lisa of Juneau Composts John & Stacey of New Earth Farm Composting
Hey compost lovers, it's Jayne. I'm in Ontario, California, at the USCC Compost Conference '23. It's the largest gathering of composters in the world! Last night, Komptech Americas organized a meet-and-greet for listeners of this podcast. I didn't know what to expect, but it turned out to be the highlight of the week. We gathered on fancy white couches under an enormous Komptech windrow turner and I got to hear your stories. Stories of composters from all over the world and all different sized operations. It's not often compost nerds get to gather and geek out in the same space and time. Truly invigorating! I'm here at my first live interview, chatting with Todd Dunderdale and Brandon Lapsys of Komptech Americas. They have been coming to this conference for many years, Todd being at the very first one twenty years ago. These two have a great pulse on the industry and I wanted to hear about the changes they were seeing, especially when it comes to new equipment. Many thanks to Komptech for sponsoring The Composter Podcast! For 25+ years, Komptech has worked with scientists, agriculturalists, and consumers to develop a four-step process that produces healthy, contaminant-free compost while optimizing efficiency. Learn more about shred, turn, screen, seperate here and get a complimentary consultation to see if it's right for your commercial operation.
Jim and Mary discuss how to keep the soil in your raised beds healthy and strong, including the best ways to recharge and re-energize the soil to grow bigger and better plants!Raised beds are one of the easiest and most effective ways to grow vegetables, flowers and herbs - especially for those who may not have the space for a traditional garden, or who might have physical limitations that can make gardening in big spaces difficult.When created with good drainage and filled with great soil, they can grow amazing plants. But if that soil isn't properly cared for, it can become tires and poor, leading to far less production and more disease in your plants.See how to keep your beds supercharged for big growth this spring and beyond!
We cover a few stories like a woman stole $1.5 million in chicken wings from a school, the ability to leave jail early by donating organs, and getting buried in compost. - Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/patdown - Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/patdown - Website: https://www.mspatcomedy.com/ Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Chaque jour, les invités des GG se divisent en deux équipes pour débattre sur un sujet d'actualité en présentant leur plaidoyer. Avec : Barbara Lefebvre, enseignante en reconversion. Jérôme Marty, médecin généraliste. Et Bruno Pomart, ex-policier du Raid et maire. Dans les Grandes Gueules, les esprits s'ouvrent et les points de vue s'élargissent. 3h de talk, de débats de fond engagés où la liberté d'expression est reine et où l'on en ressort grandi ! Cette année, une nouvelle séquence viendra mettre les auditeurs au cœur de cette émission puisque ce sont eux qui choisiront le débat du jour ! Et pour cette 18ème saison, Alain Marschall et Olivier Truchot, accompagnés des GG issues de la société civile feront la part belle à l'information et au divertissement. En simultané sur RMC Story.
Lauren is the true definition of “grass roots” efforts in every sense of the term. With only a few hundred dollars and free spare room, she has made her very own non-profit organization. The ultimate goal is to bring free worm buckets to every home to help them with their composting needs. We got to learn all about her and her worms, and if you would like to learn more go to the following: WEBSITE: https://www.letsgocompost.org/ INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/letsgocompost FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/people/Lets-Go-Compost/100084619543633/ SUPPORT: If you love this episode, please share it with someone you know will also enjoy it! Not for us, but for our guests, leave a review on iTunes. While you are listening, post a screenshot on social media and make sure to tag @FindingArizonaPodcast so we can thank you! Leave us a five star review! https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/finding-arizona-podcast/id969100902?mt=2 Want to be a guest or a sponsor of the show? Send us a message on the https://www.findingarizonapodcast.com/contact SPONSORS: Join the KNOW Women's Global Membership: all new members receive a bonus gift! https://theknowwomen.com/membership/ Happy Bees Pest Control is offering listeners $25.00 off your initial service- visit to learn more! https://www.happybeespestcontrol.com/findingarizona --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/finding-arizona-podcast/message
Fred is reminding you that you can start a compost pile in the winter! Here's how.
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Garden Dilemmas, Delights & Discoveries
In this episode, we chat about Starting an Organic Garden beginning with soil testing from your extension office. And we share fun DIY Home Tests for Contaminants and Soil pH you can do.Then we review the creative ways to build raised beds as a workaround if you are concerned about your soil. Link to Related Stories: ***Starting an Organic Garden Vegetable Gardening Basics and Starting a No-Till Garden Foxes in the GardenFun Ways to Test Soil pHI'd love to hear about your garden and nature stories. And your thoughts about topics for future podcast episodes. You can email me at AskMaryStone@gmail.com. Thanks so much for tuning in :^)You can Follow Garden Dilemmas on Facebook and Instagram #MaryElaineStoneEpisode web page —Garden Dilemmas Podcast PageThank you for sharing the garden of life,Mary Stone, Columnist & Garden DesignerAskMaryStone.com
Today Jason and Kelly will be covering some of the sustainable stories from January 2023. These stories include: Danone being sued over plastics, the USDA approving a vaccine for honeybees, and a new food waste company called Mill. Follow us on social media @sustainabiliME.pod Sources: https://www.nytimes.com/2023/01/09/world/europe/danone-sued-plastic-use-france.html https://www.nytimes.com/2023/01/07/science/honeybee-vaccine.html https://mill.com/
PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
It's dreary and cool--hardly inspiring to garden--but Late January/Early February is prime seed season. Lots can be sown outside, plus we can start warm season indoors. Heritage, heirloom and open-pollenated plants & seeds are so important--Julie spends some time talking about biodiversity and the cultural significance of seed saving.
A new year is a time of beginnings and possibility. A fresh and hopeful creativity infuses our aspirations. This is a good time to make conscious choices about the sources we turn to and the images we hold, as we form our goals, predictions, and hopes for the coming year.According to the ancient Chinese zodiac, each year in a 60-year cycle has a particular character, set of opportunities, and challenges. 2023 is the year of the Rabbit. What is the quality of the year of the Rabbit, and how can this inspire us in 2023?Support the showEmail Catherine at firstname.lastname@example.orgPost a positive review on apple podcasts! Learn how you can work with Catherine at https://mythicmojo.com
Say You Love Satan 80s Horror Podcast
Become a member of the Say You Love Satan Army today! Join us!www.patreon.com/sayyoulovesatanpodcastThis episode:- The Menu (2022)- The Untold Story (1993)*outro track "Necrophiliac" by Schizophreniawebsite: www.sayyoulovesatanpodcast.com email: email@example.comPlease rate, review, and subscribe on iTunes!instagram: sayyoulovesatanpodcastartwork: Sam HeimerSupport the show
Making the decision to invest in new technology like a robotic milking system or a compost barn can be exciting, but it often comes with a learning curve and new maintenance requirements. In this episode of Cow-Side Conversations, Phoebe Bitler of Vista Grande Farms in Berks County, PA, shares both the benefits and learning curves they have experienced with their robotic milking system and compost barn. Enhanced cow comfort, soil health, and efficiency were a few of the benefits, while bedding costs, weather-related factors and maintenance responsibilities were all part of the learning curve. She also offers her perspective on the five key elements to calf care and how to remove stressors for the youngest members of the herd. Phoebe also discusses transition planning and forging mutual respect between each generation.
PLOW & HOSE Gardening in Central Texas
Julie's back. Suspicious of the pleasant weather. California flooding & avian influenza--geez. Set some gardening goals, plant some seeds and don't get chickens if you think eggs are expensive.
We are the trash compactor of tech podcasts this week at the Android Police podcast as we whistle past Stadia's headstone, wobble between Samsung and Qualcomm's big partnership with the Galaxy S23, graciously evaluate Apple's mini-show of the season, and then throw it all away in a compost bin, replete with expensive subscription service. This will be the most enjoyable dumpster fire of an hour you'll spend this week. Enjoy!04:41 | Vale StadiaWill Google Stadia be missed?Google's Stadia Controller Bluetooth upgrade tool has arrivedNvidia cranks up GeForce Now's frame rate big time with new RTX 4080 tier23:38 | SamsoupSamsung Galaxy S23 phones could run this exclusive souped-up version of the Snapdragon 8 Gen 2Samsung's shifting focus in smartphone SoC development could spell the end of Exynos33:06 | At Home with AppleApple could have a home-first Google Pixel Tablet competitor in the worksApple announces a new full-size HomePod speaker47:49 | Dump ThisNest co-founder wants to help turn food waste into chicken feedFind the team on Twitter - @journeydan @AraWagco @Will_Sattelberg @PointJulesReach out to us - firstname.lastname@example.orgMusic - "18" and "34" by HOME licensed under CC BY 3.0
Sustainable Winegrowing with Vineyard Team
Composting is taking diverse organic material and making a habitat for the microbes that will process the material. Jean Bonhotal, Director of Cornell Waste Management Institute in the Department of Soils and Crop Sciences explains that there are three necessary ingredients to make a great compost. First, the pile should start with carbon-like woodchips to help move air through. Second, add in wet waste like food or pomace. And third, top the pile with carbon. The most important factor in making compost is temperature. In fact, you do not need to turn piles. The organisms that break down compost generate temperatures that are about 90 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit. A great example of this is seen in mortality composting, used for livestock. These piles are created by layering 24 inches of woodchips, followed by the animal, and top with another 24 inches of wood chips. The animal will liquefy and then everything starts to mix as the microbes work. In 12 to 24 hours the pile will reach the desired 130 degrees Fahrenheit. While compost is not technically a fertilizer it has numerous benefits including imparting nutrients, pest resistance, helping with erosion control, and improving water holding capacity because it works like a sponge. Listen in to hear Jean's best advice on how to create great compost. References: 1/20/2023 REGISTER: Improving Soil Health with Compost & Vermiculture Tailgate 53: Producing Compost and Carbon Sequestration 106: What? Bury Charcoal in the Vineyard? 151: The Role of the Soil Microbiome in Soil Health 153: The Role of Nematodes in Soil Health Aerated Compost Tea Composting Handbook Compost Use for Improved Soil Poster Series Improving and Maintaining Compost Quality Niner Wine Estates SIP Certified Testing Composts Tipsheet: Compost Vineyard Team – Become a Member What Is Animal Mortality Composting? Get More Subscribe wherever you listen so you never miss an episode on the latest science and research with the Sustainable Winegrowing Podcast. Since 1994, Vineyard Team has been your resource for workshops and field demonstrations, research, and events dedicated to the stewardship of our natural resources. Learn more at www.vineyardteam.org. Transcript Craig Macmillan 0:00 My guest today is Jean Bonhotal. She is Director of the Cornell Waste Management Institute. And he's also a Senior Extension Associate in the Integrative Plant Science Soil and Crop Science Section at Cornell University. And we're talking about compost today. Thanks for being here, Jean. Jean Bonhotal 0:13 Thank you. Craig Macmillan 0:14 I like to start with basics when we're talking about a topic. And sometimes it seems kind of silly, but it oftentimes shapes what we talk about. Let's start with a very basic definition. What exactly is compost. Unknown Speaker 0:26 So I'm going to start with a definition before I get into composting, and that is what is organic, what is organic? When I'm using the term organic, this is what it will mean something that was once alive and is now dead, and needs to be managed. That comes with all different types of quality. But we are usually looking for clean feedstocks, that are organic in origin. So we don't want glass and plastic and other materials that really don't break down and have put a lot of plastic into our environment, because they break down into little tiny pieces, and they're still there. So I'll start with that. Composting is basically taking organic material, all different diverse, organic materials, preferably, and making a habitat for microbes, the microbes that are going to process these materials. When we're composting, we can do all of the work mechanically. But it doesn't really work that well because composting is a process. And if we set it up so that we have our carbon and nitrogen ratios, well balanced. And those are browns and greens, wet and dry materials. So those are the things that we need to balance, then we will have a proper habitat for the microbes to work in and they will thrive. The microbes are what make the heat in a compost. When we're composting very small volumes, we don't always have heat. And that's because we don't have the volume that we need for that composting to happen in commercial scale, we generally will have enough volume. So as long as we balance that carbon and nitrogen, we will have a very good compost that will actually work mostly by itself. Craig Macmillan 2:29 So you need different kinds of microbes for taking action on different types of materials, whether they be high nitrogen or high carbon or whatever. Where did those bacteria and fungi, where do those come from? Jean Bonhotal 2:40 They come from everywhere. They come from us breathing on the medium that we're putting in there they come from the air, their bio aerosolized is what we consider. So these things blow in, and we really don't have to inoculate most composts. The only reason we might need to inoculate a compost is because we've shut it down. Either we've put something in there that's too toxic for the organisms to work with, or we've made it too hot in that pile. The organisms that we're working with are thermophilic organisms, they generate temperatures that are about 90 to 150. And the actual range for thermophilic is more like 130. Those are the temperatures that we really like to reach 130 to 150 is really degrees Fahrenheit is really the temperatures that we want to heat want to reach. Craig Macmillan 3:42 And that's because those are the ranges where these particular microbes are the most happy. Jean Bonhotal 3:46 Yes, and the microbes are actually generating the heat. It's like putting 55th graders in a room you don't have to heat. They're giving off lots of energy and have to do anything else. They're doing the work and metabolizing all of that material. We were talking about a range, what if we're not generating enough heat? What kinds of things happen then? Or what can we do to change that? Well back up because that is dependent on size. So we have to have that volume and that and if we look at physics, that volume is three by three by three feet cubed. However, when we're working in cold climates, that is not large enough. So everything will freeze really, we have to have everything so perfect with that three by three by three cube that we're not likely to reach those temperatures. So it's really balancing the carbon and nitrogen the moisture. And because if like in arid climates where everything dries out horribly, we need to make sure there's enough moisture retained in that because these are aerobic organisms that are doing all the work. And we really need to make sure that they have that moisture, or else they can't really work. People think that worms make compost, and to an extent they do, there's vermicompost. And it's a different than thermophilic composting that I'm talking about. But Vermacomposting is done with epigeic worms. It's done in a 24 inch bed. So you're making that compost in kind of a shallow bed so that it won't heat up, because the worms are actually doing all of the work in that system. When worms come into a compost, or thermophilic compost, that's at the end of the process, they can't tolerate the heat in the thermophilic process. But they do like to process those organisms that are in there. So they will go in and actually process some of that material toward the end. And in some ways, you can tell that you have a more finished compost, because worms are actually able to thrive in there. Craig Macmillan 6:07 Where did the worms come from? Jean Bonhotal 6:09 Generally from the ground, if you're composting in a vessel, you're not going to have worms in there unless you had like warm eggs or something that were already in the medium, and hatched or something like that. So that's where those are coming from. So like indoor facilities generally wouldn't have an earthworm coming in and processing. And the epigeic worms are surface feeders, so they're coming up, they detect that something's up there to eat. And they'll just come to the surface, eat it, pull it down, up and down, you know, they can actually handle above 54 degrees, where a lot of worms dry out and die there. As they get if it gets too hot, and they get too dry. Craig Macmillan 6:57 You had mentioned the right mix or blend the right kind of connection of different materials and other recipes that that work for certain practical applications are given certain materials, you want certain ratios, how does that work? Jean Bonhotal 7:10 There are recipes out there. But basically, you have to look at everything as carbon and nitrogen. So if you're a vineyard that wants to compost, the pumice, all your all your promise while you're squeezing all that kind of material, then you're gonna have to look at that and figure out whether that's going to work by itself, just that promise. But you do have grape skins, and you have grape seeds in there. So the grape skins and the grape seeds actually can work together to create a good habitat and actually make things work or you have a pH of about four or five in those pressings. That's going to deter worms for a while it is going to deter some other organisms for a while, but things will start to get going. And that's how we tend to do that. If it's really sloppy and wet, it would be better to add a little bit more waste, but another waste, marry it with another waste, whether you have some manure or you know the if there are some animals on site, if you can mix in manure, or some shavings, or I don't usually like to put wood chips in because it makes a coarser compost for a vineyard. And we want generally want to find our compost. Craig Macmillan 8:30 Which actually reminds me of something. There were two things that I had learned and that they may not be true when I was coming up and we're talking like 20 years ago. One was that you had to have manure as part of the mix, some kind of a manure there was one and then the second one was forget about using any kind of wood chip vines, anything like that, because they're not going to break down. And that's not going to work. So how is that accurate for either this ideas? Jean Bonhotal 8:54 No, we have to use all of our carbon sources. Honestly, we do have to use all different carbon sources in different types of composting. I'll give you an example of facilities that by regulation, they're only allowed to compost leaf and yard waste. So they're not allowed to bring in food unless they have a permit to bring in food waste. So there's a lot of different rules that occur over municipalities. Some municipalities got the idea because they needed more nitrogen, there's a lot of carbon and your dry leaves and your woodchips and your woody waste. And I generally will say if I make a pile of sticks, which is all carbon, so all all different sticks and just put them in a pile. If I go back six months later, what is it going to be? Craig Macmillan 9:42 Dried sticks? Jean Bonhotal 9:43 A pile of sticks, because I don't have any real nitrogen there is nitrogen in there but I don't have enough in there to make that break down. So I do like to size reduce those chips, the woody waste and that's chipping off or grinding or something like that. And that will make things go better. If you need to compost just leaves, what the municipalities were doing was adding chemical fertilizer to them. Because the chemical fertilizer would bring the nitrogen in, you have to decide do you want to use the chemical nitrogen, the chemical fertilizer, or not in your process, but that will make it work because their carbon and their nitrogen, and we can do that. Craig Macmillan 10:27 Do I need to do some analysis on these materials and figure out what I actually have and then make calculations from there. Jean Bonhotal 10:33 So the ratios that we want to use are two to three to one. So I have a good picture of a bucket. And it could be any bucket, think of a cottage cheese container up to us eight yard bucket, I want one bucket of wet material, a very wet material. And then three buckets of very dry material. That's how we balance those ratios. But we are really some of it is like It's like making bread, we don't dump all the flour and all the water in at one time, we put in a little bit of time, because we need to balance out what that recipe actually needs. And the same thing happens in composting, the operators get very good at knowing, okay, that's really, really dry material. And that's really, really wet material. And I might even need to make because we can compost liquids, I might need to make a bowl to put that liquid in there or that really wet material in there so that it can stay in the pile. So I can use that moisture, mix it with the woody waste, and allow that to happen. Craig Macmillan 11:42 This is beginning to get kind of intimidating. I was kind of hoping that I just would throw a bunch of stuff in a pile and walk away and come back and magically I now have compost. Yeah, how do I figure this out, I guess we're gonna get my education? Jean Bonhotal 11:58 So one of the ways we do small scale composting is we layer the materials in so we'll have a bin and we'll put carbon down at the bottom, make sure we have a good carbon layer because that's going to act as an air plenum on the bottom. So simple, just woodchips a pallet, something that's going to allow air to come in, then we'll put nitrogen or put in our wet waste, our food waste, our pumice, those materials, we're going to put carbon on top of that. So we never should be able to see what we're composting, it should always look like a pile of comp of compost. But I will talk a little bit about mortality composting and how we do that, because it really tells us how the whole thing is supposed to work. And what we do is we put down 24 inches of woodchips, then I'll put a cow in. And then I'll put 24 inches of woodchips over top of that, what happens in that is the cow starts to liquefy. And then it starts to mix with all of the material, all the all the microbes are starting to work. And everything starts mixing together in a very slow motion in 12 to 24 hours, I should have 130 degrees Fahrenheit in that pile. If I don't, then I've built it wrong. But generally even with we're composting right now with frozen animals, and we're able because of the size of our piles, we're able to do that, that heats up. So whatever the pile is, or the windrow is that heats up, and then the heat rises, and it actually convex around that that medium. So the organisms are getting all that and we don't have to do any turning. We don't have to turn at all. So we don't always turn and if I do that layering like I was talking about in a bin, if we layer it in a bin, then we will be able to do that and walk away and just let the rain and snow fall on it through the season. It'll be slower, but it will compost. Craig Macmillan 14:11 So again, I had been under the impression that you always have to you have a regular schedule, you have to turn it to aerate it. And you also have to monitor the moisture. No you do not. Jean Bonhotal 14:19 No. No. The only real tool that we use is temperature. We monitor temperatures in piles, we can tell everything that's going on in that pile is that making sure that it's working well or we need to add more water or we need to whatever we can tell that by temperature. Craig Macmillan 14:39 If the temperature is getting too high. What do you do? Jean Bonhotal 14:41 I do compost in arid places where our temperatures can get really high because our piles are too big. Okay, and then we really have to be careful because we can have spontaneous combustion. And our large ones I worked with some facilities in Idaho that around the Boise area, and they were in danger of combusting. And as they were like, what do we do? Well, if we add a lot of air real fast, we're going to be in trouble. If we add a lot of water real fast, we're going to be in trouble. So what we do is we, we will break those piles carefully, break those piles down, just deconstruct those, lay them in sheet, and then just make sure that they've cooled off, then we can build a pile again, but it can be a problem in hot and arid climates. And it can happen anywhere there are different manures like poultry manure will burn more easily than other manure because of the ammonia contents. Because of the just the nature of that material. Craig Macmillan 15:45 What kind of temperatures are we talking about? Jean Bonhotal 15:47 When we're getting over 170? I get nervous, especially if it's really hot, ambient temperature. We have to be careful about that. Craig Macmillan 15:56 Excellent. Okay, that's useful. That's that we can keep that we can track that ourselves. Now, before we run out of time. We have time I just want to get to this topic, because I think there's a lot here. Now, oftentimes, compost is treated like a fertilizer, you say, oh, there's nutrients here. And we're doing it for that reason. But compost will do a lot of other things for you in terms of your soil. Jean Bonhotal 16:18 Yes, and compost is not technically a fertilizer. So if I have a finished compost, it's not a fertilizer and doesn't follow the fertilizer rules. So there are rules that govern fertilizers and rules that cover compost, and so we have to be careful about that. So it does impart nutrients to our soil compost does impart nutrients to our soil, it helps with erosion control, it helps with water holding capacity, because compost acts like a sponge, and it will pull that moisture into the soil. And then the plants are able to use that when things get droughty. So we really want to use a lot of compost, if in my dreams, I would like to have three inches of compost spread on the whole terrestrial earth. Because I think we need it, it's the only way we can create or recreate our sustainable soils, our soils are very much bankrupt, we might put nutrients back on those soils, but we don't put the organic matter back on the soils, were able to take more of the corn crop. So less gets tilled in, and less of that organic matter is there so we don't have sustainable soils because of that. And compost can help us create and generate sustainable soils so that we don't have to do that. We don't have to constantly add fertilizer. Craig Macmillan 17:49 Now that leads me to a couple of other things. So in terms of application in vineyards, it's very common to band compost right under the vines in the vine round and not in the middle. Some folks are experimenting with full on broadcasting across the whole surface, right and this has worked really well in range land contexts, which is interesting. And then there's a question about whether compost needs to be incorporated into the soil or does it need to be cultivated in what are your feelings about that for you know, a soil that's maybe a clay soil relatively dry. Jean Bonhotal 18:23 I'll talk specifically for vineyards on this some vineyards will start their new plants their starts with like some vermiompost. And vermicompost is a pretty popular product to use when we're putting our starts in. And these are like five year old vines that are just getting planted. And we really want these guys to go. So that will help with nutrients. It will help with soil aggregation, it will just make healthy soil. I have had a poster up before as because it says compost don't treat your soil like dirt. And that's really what we want to do. We want to compost we want to add compost so that we're not just dealing with mineral soils. And I think it's really important for us to be thinking about that way. So the adding a you know, an eight ounce cup of compost vermicompost into the holes is supposed to work very well. And a lot of people in California have actually experimented with that. From what I'm told. What their plant responses are, I haven't followed those. So I don't know. Broadcasting I've seen people more put it in the row middles so that they don't end up with a lot of bull wood in their vines because if they get the nutrients up against the vines at the wrong time, that can be problematic. So sometimes they'll even take immature compost and put that in the row middles. That keeps keeps grass down keeps weeds down, you'll still have some cover there. But then it slowly works its way into the vineyard. Craig Macmillan 20:06 When you're referring to row middles you mean under the vine? Jean Bonhotal 20:09 I mean, between the, the rows. Craig Macmillan 20:11 Between the vines. Okay. Jean Bonhotal 20:12 Yeah, I've seen that done a lot in New York, where people are using it that way. And sometimes we'll use an immature compost because that we call it a killer compost, which we shouldn't, but it kills the area, and it won't encourage the growth in the row middles. And it keeps it a little bit away from the vine for a little while, then by the next season, that's all integrated into that soil system. Craig Macmillan 20:39 Fascinating. Fascinating. Now, what do you think about banding underneath the vine? Jean Bonhotal 20:43 By banding, you mean just putting it right against the wood? Craig Macmillan 20:48 Generally, just underneath the vine, not in the middle, the strategy there, I think is I'm trying to get a higher concentration, if you will, and I want to put it where the vine roots are going to be in. So they're going to be predominantly in the vine row, not not exclusively, but they're gonna be that's where the highest concentration of roots is going to be. So the idea is, hey, if I'm going to put five tons per acre on, let me put it on in a narrow band, like 18 inches, as opposed to, you know, eight feet, you know, in terms of in terms of width, it sounds like you're kind of more interested, if you would kind of recommend, you know, putting it in the middle as opposed to under the vine. Jean Bonhotal 21:21 I don't have enough experience with grapes to recommend. So I'm not going to make that recommendation. This is what I'm seeing in the vineyard, the way the growers are choosing to actually experiment and see what is getting the nutrients to the plant at the right time. So what strategy is, is working best. Using the vermicompost in the hole that's been very productive using some of the row middles. I'm not sure about banding I have no experience with that. So I don't want to speak on that. I'm more of the compost production cleaning up the best person. You know, what, when we get the calls, this pile over here, stinks by the neighbor, then I step in and and try to get everything more productive. Craig Macmillan 22:13 That makes sense that makes tons of sense. One other application that I do think you can speak to is erosion control. What role can compost have an erosion control. Jean Bonhotal 22:22 We do a lot of work with compost, and I'm gonna share with you some posters that will give you simple compost use instructions. We work in agriculture, we work in erosion control, we work in urban garden gardens and farms. So there's all different possibilities with all different compost and every compost, even the compost that aren't the quality that we want for our vineyard. Every compost has a potential use, even if it's just daily covering a landfill, so that we've taken those metals or those that toxicity out of the environment, and at least concentrated it in smaller places so that maybe it can be recovered at some point when we figure that kind of stuff out. Craig Macmillan 23:07 And the way this is working is that the compost is binding this soil somehow or is it reducing the impact of the raindrops or what's the mechanism. Jean Bonhotal 23:17 We do both compost blankets and compost socks and erosion control. So the compost blankets we have blower trucks that can spray compost, it's a big big hose, we spray compost onto a hillside, when we put that blanket down. When the rain comes if the rain comes in, it hits the soil, it hits the soil and it makes mud and that mud starts running down the hill. And that's erosion. When it hits the compost, the compost acts like a sponge. And that sponge will just keep sucking in that moisture. And then slowly release it like a sponge will. And so the plants can use it better and it doesn't create those rivulets and the erosion that other things do. Craig Macmillan 24:10 What kinds of rates per acre per square yard or what are we talking about? Jean Bonhotal 24:15 For it depends on per crop. When we put a blanket down, we'll put in out about a inch blanket. So that's a visual, and we want to make sure that it's well covered I'd put one or two inches down easily, because that will start incooperating. Remember I told you about those worms? The worms will come up and start processing some of that material. And that'll only be incorporated in the soil in that way. So we don't actually incorporate we will seed put the blanket down and then we might hydro seed on top of that blanket. And that'll create cover some kind of cover crop whether it depends on our goals. We'll put whatever cover crop we might put red clover on our roadside we might put, you know, depends on where we are what we're putting in, but usually a low grow local plant. So we don't want to take you know, a plant from New York and put it in California, it's not going to produce the same way. We want to make sure that we are in the right conditions. We have the right plantings and all that and Soil and Water Conservation Districts which are all over the country. They give you guidance on what should go on to slopes. What should go into row middles, it depends on the plants though, and cooperative extension does a lot of that, what application do we need for what crop. One of the things that we are finding with soil blends and stuff when we're trying to bring in topsoil topsoil has lots of different definitions, a lot of times it's sand. Because we can't get topsoil, it's very difficult, we've used up a lot of our topsoil, and we don't have that rich earth to bring to someplace else to put that topsoil down. So we're working right now on grow tests to look at what percentage of compost should be mixed with the mineral soil, or with close to mineral soil or with the soil existing soil. And one of the things that we're finding is that we can really use in most for most crops, and for soil sustainability to build those soils, we can use about 50% compost in all of those, and we're getting really good results with crops. It does depend whether we're growing cabbages or grapes, or we really need those soils to be more sustainable. If our soils are sustainable, they'll increase the water holding capacity, you know, through the compost application, but they also help with pest resistance. So we'll have more pest resistance, because we have healthy soils, we have more competitors that are actually able to take things out instead of working in a chemical system where okay, the cut worms came in, and the cut worms are really happy to be working in. There's nothing telling them not to. And similarly with powdery mildews and some of the other diseases, we seem to have better results with having a healthy soil. So not just dust that we've added fertilizer to. Craig Macmillan 27:32 Sure. And that makes total sense of any there are a lot of folks that are looking at this kind of a holistic plant science, plant physiology approach, which is what you're talking about. And there's a lot of exciting things going on and talking about compost being a part of it is really cool, basically at aout of advice or what one thing would you like people to know as far as their own compost production goes. Jean Bonhotal 27:58 If you're producing compost, you're a microbe farmer. And that's what you really need to consider create a habitat that they're going to thrive in, and they'll do all the work for you. And that is my best piece of advice to anybody. Craig Macmillan 28:14 That's great. And where can people find out more about you and your work? Jean Bonhotal 28:17 I'm with Cornell Waste Management Institute at Cornell University. You can you can google us pretty easily. Craig Macmillan 28:25 It's easy to find information about you. Yeah, and about the CWMI. So our guest today was Joan Bonhotal. She is the director of the Cornell Waste Management Institute. And she's also Senior Extension Associate with the Integrative Plant Science Soil and Crop Science section at Cornell University. Lots of great stuff is gonna be in the show notes. Again, we encourage you to look into this topic. It's exciting. There's a lot going on. Wouldn't you agree there's a lot of new science every year on this topic. Jean Bonhotal 28:51 There is a lot a lot going on in composting, a lot going on in sustainable soil production and if we have sustainable soils, we will be able to grow healthy food and sustain healthy people. So there's just so much going on with all applications of composting. Craig Macmillan 29:12 Very exciting. Transcribed by https://otter.ai
Remember you are dirt and to dirt you shall return. Science journalist Eleanor Cummins and law professor Tanya Marsh explain the rise of human composting, now legal in six states, as an alternative to burial or cremation. This episode was produced by Avishay Artsy, edited by Matt Collette, fact-checked by Laura Bullard, engineered by Paul Robert Mounsey, and hosted by Noel King. Transcript at vox.com/todayexplained Support Today, Explained by making a financial contribution to Vox! bit.ly/givepodcasts Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
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XChateau - Navigating the Business of Wine
Known for its world-class art collection and Pinot Noirs, Donum Estate is also serious about sustainability, investing heavily in integrated pest management and biodiversity. Dan Fishman, the winemaker, discusses the benefits and tradeoffs of moving to organic and regenerative farming with an IPM framework. From sheep, ducks, and chickens to mealybug destroyers, it's creating a diverse ecosystem that is improving the soil, vines, and wines for Donum. Detailed Show Notes: Dan's background - Donum winemaker since 2012, took over farming in 2019DonumFounded in 2001 in Carneros to create the ultimate Pinot NoirAdded Russian River Valley and Sonoma Coast vineyardsCCOF (organic) and pursuing ROC regenerative certificationIntegrated pest management (“IPM”) is a critical 1st step for sustainability; it changes philosophy from exploiting resources to maximize cash crops (conventional) to looking at the system holistically and thinking about the entire ecosystem (IPM)Not about eliminating pests but managing them and creating resilience in the ecosystemExamples of IPMSheep for weeding in winter - less tractor passes & fuel use, brings compost back to the vineyard, uses contract grazer w/ 500 sheep/herd, need sheep out before bud break, or they will eat green shootsCompost teas (biologically active sprays) - when used on the canopy, introduce microbes that compete w/ others like mildewChickens & ducks eat ground insectsCommitted to organics in 2019Stopped using herbicides, which kill weeds but also other fungi in soil; stopping created living soils, insect life returned right awayWithout synthetic nitrogen, we need to get the nitrogen cycle back (e.g., sheep compost helps)Benefits of IPMReduced vigor reduced the need to crop thin and hedge, which was done before to get to target yields, therefore no reduction in overall crop yieldsImproved grape chemistry - 7-8 years ago harvested at 25+ Brix to get phenolic ripeness with 3.7-3.8 pH and 4-5 g/L TA; 2022 - 23-23.5 Brix, 3.5 pH, 5.6-6+ g/L TA -> less work needed in wineryCan ferment with native yeasts (not killed by sprays)Increased vineyard lifespan - vines can live 50-60 years vs. 25-30 typically in Sonoma for Pinot NoirReduced cost of synthetic fertilizersCosts of IPMSome upfront investment, e.g., Clemens weed knife for under-vine weed management instead of spraying RoundupMore monitoring of vineyard, e.g., people monitoring for mealy bugs, which are then treated with an organic essential oilEstimates ~5-7% more expensive vs. conventional farmingThe highest impact process was getting rid of herbicidesOther elements usedRoot Applied Sciences - monitoring stations that check for mildew spores reduce organic sprays by 20%, kill less yeast in the vineyardVineView aerial mapping to identify potential problemsWater probes to monitor vine stress to determine irrigation needsBiodiversityCover crops, every 6th row is a native wildflower encouraging native insectsIntroduce predators - e.g., wasps & mealybug destroyers to reduce mealy bugsEncourage raptors with owl boxes and raptor perches to help control moles & gophersNext for IPM and biodiversity at Donum - more chickens & ducks, may own a small flock of sheep, and set up a truffle grove Get access to library episodes Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Tyler & Neil Explain Everything
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