Podcasts about Cunha

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Latest podcast episodes about Cunha

Thomistic Institute Angelicum.
P. Duarte da Cunha "Amizade com Deus e entre Pessoas humanas"

Thomistic Institute Angelicum.

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 2, 2022 52:16


P. Duarte da Cunha "Amizade com Deus e entre Pessoas humanas" by Angelicum Thomistic Institute

Flow
HELIO BRESSAN E DA CUNHA - Flow #132

Flow

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 2, 2022 133:49


Helio Bressan e Da Cunha são delegados da polícia civil.

Break The Chains, Find Your Flame
Episode 81: Validation Of Progress- Jon Cunha LMHC

Break The Chains, Find Your Flame

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 31, 2022 56:10


Instagram @riserandtread @jonbcunha Facebook https://www.facebook.com/riserandtread (https://www.facebook.com/riserandtread) Jon Cunha, LMHC,   earned his Master's from Lesley University in Clinical Mental Health Counseling. Jon is the Co-Owner of Riser and Tread, a company dedicated to helping young guys ages 8-25 "Step Up + Move Forward." Jon specializes in working with ADHD, Anxiety & Depression. He also has a passion for sports & athletics.    Jon was a three time All-American in Track and Field at Wheaton College, MA until injury ended his aspirations of reaching the Olympics. That experience helped motivate him towards wanting to support others going through something similar.    He has developed a training program for athletes, coaches, and organizations to strengthen mental fitness and resolve. Along with his clinical license, Jon also coached Track and Field for almost a decade. He now combines the benefits of therapeutic interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), with athletic coaching principles, such as goal and fear setting, purpose development, and mindfulness. 

JIMD Podcasts
Everyone's talking about empagliflozin

JIMD Podcasts

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 28, 2022 44:02


Maria Veiga-da-Cunha, Claudia Soler-Alfonso and Sarah Grünert join the podcast to talk about Empagliflozin, a repurposed drug with impressive efficacy in GSD 1b and G6PC3 deficiency. Successful use of empagliflozin to treat neutropenia in two G6PC3-deficient children: Impact of a mutation in SGLT5 Cécile Boulanger, et al https://doi.org/10.1002/jimd.12509 Untargeted metabolomic profiling in a patient with glycogen storage disease Ib receiving empagliflozin treatment Eran Tallis, et al https://doi.org/10.1002/jmd2.12304 Two successful pregnancies and first use of empagliflozin during pregnancy in glycogen storage disease type Ib Sarah Catharina Grünert, et al https://doi.org/10.1002/jmd2.12295

Rádio Gaúcha
Procurador do MPT, Marco Aurélio Gomes da Cunha. 23/10/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 24, 2022 20:45


Procurador do trabalho integrante do grupo de atuação sobre coação eleitoral no Ministério Público do Trabalho, Marco Aurélio Gomes da Cunha

DesAbraçando Árvores
#098 – Ultimate Perrengues de Campo V

DesAbraçando Árvores

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 24, 2022 73:23


Neste episódio Fernando Lima, nosso host supremo, recebe seus asseclas Rogério Cunha de Paula e Adriano Gambarini para mais uma rodada de perrengues de campo enviados pelos ouvintes. Junte-se a nós visitando reservas, clínicas psiquiátricas, corra risco de explosão com bujões de gás e passe uma semana no campo com o Macgyver!   Dá uma força para manter o DesAbraçando online e com episódios no cronograma contribuindo financeiramente com nosso projeto: O DesAbraçando é um projeto independente e conta com o apoio dos ouvintes para se manter online e pagar a edição de áudio. Se você curte o projeto, considere apoiar financeiramente. Você pode contribuir a partir de R$ 1,00 no www.apoia.se/desabrace Segue a gente lá nas redes sociais: https://www.instagram.com/desabrace/Instagram https://web.facebook.com/desabrace/Facebook https://twitter.com/desabrace Canal no Telegram: https://t.me/desabrace Visite nossa página: https://www.desabrace.com.br Envie suas pedradas e perrengues: primeirapedra@desabrace.com.br Envie sua resposta para o "Que bicho é esse?": bicho@desabrace.com.br Produção, apresentação e edição: Fernando Lima Decupagem: Senhor A

Domínio Público (Rubrica)
14h: Paulo Flores e Yuri da Cunha; Monster Jinx Fest; Close Up

Domínio Público (Rubrica)

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 14, 2022 4:03


Paulo Flores e Yuri da Cunha no Coliseu de Lisboa; Monster Jinx fest regressa ao Maus Hábitos; Festival Close Up começa em Famalicão.

Jornal Seara
Entrevista com Gilmário Cunha e dr. Aurivan Filho, oposição em Ipueiras (CE).

Jornal Seara

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 11, 2022 106:59


Entrevista com Gilmário Cunha e dr. Aurivan Filho, oposição em Ipueiras (CE); psicóloga Sulamita Santana fala sobre o bullying; dois policiais e um soldado em formação são presos suspeitos de matar dois jovens no Ceará; polícia prende no Ceará cinco membros de facção suspeitos de explodir bancos.

Predicas IBC
Dios quiere que tengas una corona -Ps. Pedro da Cunha

Predicas IBC

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 9, 2022 50:29


Vou ali e já venho
Fernando Cunha

Vou ali e já venho

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022 2:24


Terminamos a semana dedicada ao teatro D. Roberto com a voz e os bonecos de Fernando Cunha.

Bendita Sois Vós
Bendita Sois Vós #75 Vinte e poucos dias

Bendita Sois Vós

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022 76:41


Nesta semana, os 20 e poucos dias. Esse é o tempo que falta para o segundo turno das eleições mais importantes da história da nossa jovem democracia. Faltou muito pouco para o candidato do PT, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, vencer as eleições em primeiro turno. Faltou 1,6%. Jair Bolsonaro fez 51.072.234 votos. Lula fez 57.259.405 votos. Lula virou mais de 600 municípios. Bolsonaro virou em 24. Bolsonaro fez 1,7 milhão de votos a mais que em 2018. É bastante. Lula fez 25 milhões de votos a mais que Haddad. É mais que bastante. Alguns resultados surpreenderam, porque foram muito diferentes do que indicavam os institutos de pesquisa. Mas esses são os dados postos. Então, foi um resultado bom ou ruim? Pra onde vão os votos de Tebet e Ciro? Quais serão os pontos fundamentais do segundo turno? No Congresso, PL elegeu a maior bancada e diz-se por aí que é o mais conservador. Será? A apresentação é de Geórgia Santos. Participam Flávia Cunha e Tércio Saccol. Você também pode ouvir o episódio no Spotify, Itunes e Castbox.

California Tree Nut Report
Manuel Cunha Disappointed with Gov. Newsom on AB 2183

California Tree Nut Report

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022


PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
The striatum drives the ergogenic effects of caffeine

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.10.06.511163v1?rss=1 Authors: Alves, A. C. d. B., Speck, A. E., Farias, H. R., dos Santos, N. S., Pannata, G. d. S., Tavares, A. P., Martins, L. M., de Oliveira, J., Tome, A. R., Cunha, R., Aguiar, A. S. Abstract: Caffeine is one of the main ergogenic resources used in exercise and sports. Previously, we presented the ergogenic mechanism of caffeine through neuronal A2AR antagonism in the central nervous system [1]. We demonstrate here that the striatum rules the ergogenic effects of caffeine through neuroplasticity changes. Thirty-four Swiss (8-10 weeks, 47 {+/-} 1.5 g) and twenty-four C57BL6 (8-10 weeks, 23.9 {+/-} 0.4 g) adult male mice were challenged in behavior and electrophysiology experiments using caffeine and SH-SY5Y cells for energetic metabolism. Systemic (15 mg/kg, i.p.) or striatal (bilateral, 15 g) caffeine was psychostimulant in the open field (p less than 0.05) and increased gripping muscle power (p less than 0.05). Caffeine also induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in striatal slices (p less than 0.05) and increased mitochondrial mass (p less than 0.05) and membrane potential p less than 0.05) in SH-SY5Y dopaminergic cells. In summary, our results demonstrate that caffeine stimulation in the striatum produces ergogenic effects accompanied by an LTP, possibly associated with acute increased mitochondrial metabolism observed in dopaminergic cell lines. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Posso Mandar Áudio?
Caso de amor ou um BO policial? - com Milton Cunha

Posso Mandar Áudio?

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 5, 2022 10:39


Milton Cunha, um dos maiores comentaristas de carnaval, veio contar sobre seus dates que deram super errado e que poderia facilmente ser um enredo de um filme que misturasse os gêneros de romance e policial.

Radar Noticioso
Caio Cunha - Prefeito de Mogi das Cruzes

Radar Noticioso

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2022 54:04


seitenwaelzer
ECKE HANSARING #232 - St. Helena und Kolleginnen

seitenwaelzer

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 87:53


Im Wissen, das Euch Inselfolgen besonders gut gefallen, schieben unsere Redakteure Michi und Moritz mal wieder ein paar Eilande dazwischen. Die Rede ist von St. Helena und den dazugehörigen Inseln Ascension und Tristan da Cunha, die allesamt zu Großbritannien gehören. "Dazugehören" meint in dem Fall aber nicht automatisch, dass besagte Inseln in irgendeiner Weise räumlich zusammen hängen. Nichtsdestotrotz beherbergte St. Helena berühmte Gäste wie zum Beispiel Napoleon Bonaparte. Wir wünschen wie immer viel Spaß beim Zuhören.

Resposta Pronta
"Mostrou-nos porque somos a única espécie hoje"

Resposta Pronta

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 22:04


A antropóloga Eugénia Cunha comenta a atribuição do Nobel da Medicina a Svante Pääbo. A professora da Universidade de Coimbra mostra-se surpreendida por o prémio ter sido atribuído nesta área.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Podcast Política - Agência Radioweb
Dantas e Cunha vão para 2º turno disputar o governo de Alagoas

Podcast Política - Agência Radioweb

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 2:00


Os candidatos ao governo de Alagoas Paulo Dantas (do MDB) e Rodrigo Cunha (do União Brasil) foram os dois mais bem votados neste domingo. Eles vão disputar o segundo turno das eleições de 2022, marcado para 30 de outubro. Com 100% dos votos válidos apurados, Dantas recebeu 46,64% e Cunha 26,79%.

Ecke Hansaring
ECKE HANSARING #232 - St. Helena und Kolleginnen

Ecke Hansaring

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 87:53


Im Wissen, das Euch Inselfolgen besonders gut gefallen, schieben unsere Redakteure Michi und Moritz mal wieder ein paar Eilande dazwischen. Die Rede ist von St. Helena und den dazugehörigen Inseln Ascension und Tristan da Cunha, die allesamt zu Großbritannien gehören. "Dazugehören" meint in dem Fall aber nicht automatisch, dass besagte Inseln in irgendeiner Weise räumlich zusammen hängen. Nichtsdestotrotz beherbergte St. Helena berühmte Gäste wie zum Beispiel Napoleon Bonaparte. Wir wünschen wie immer viel Spaß beim Zuhören.

Christo Nihil Praeponere
Homilia Diária | O escândalo da Eucaristia (Memória dos Santos Mártires de Cunhaú e Uruaçu)

Christo Nihil Praeponere

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 6:27


Celebramos hoje os primeiros mártires do Brasil: os santos André de Soveral, Ambrósio Ferro e seus 30 companheiros, terrivelmente massacrados no século XVII nas mãos de calvinistas holandeses, por se recusarem a abjurar da fé católica na Santíssima Eucaristia e renegar a única Igreja em que se preservam, incorruptos, a sucessão apostólica e os sacramentos que o Filho de Deus instituiu para a nossa santificação. Assista à homilia do Padre Paulo Ricardo para esta segunda-feira, dia 3 de outubro, e peçamos a estes santos mártires que, por sua intercessão, nos deem a graça de sermos católicos firmes e convictos, dispostos a dar a própria vida em testemunho da verdade da Santa Igreja Romana.

Predicas IBC
Factores para una fidelidad total - Ps. Pedro da Cunha

Predicas IBC

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 2, 2022 54:05


THINKLESS
"Be Faithful With The Basics" with Michael D'Cunha

THINKLESS

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 26, 2022 66:16


Michael is our friend from the UK. He spent a few decades at Hillsong UK, the last 5 years on the staff in various roles. He's recently resigned to make the biggest move of his life so far and we'll get into that. But Michael has a great point about the basics in this talk. Michael on IG>>>

Predicas IBC
A libertad fuisteis llamados - Ps. Pedro da Cunha

Predicas IBC

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 25, 2022 61:44


Predicado en el culto matutino del 25 de septiembre del 2022 en la Iglesia Bautista Cristiana

Flow
RAFAEL CUNHA E DEBORA CUNHA - Flow #111

Flow

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 23, 2022 158:42


O casal mais feliz do Brasil.

Rádio Gaúcha
Candidata a vice-governadora na chapa de Vieira da Cunha, professora Regina - 22/09/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2022 10:32


Série de entrevistas com os candidatos a vice-governador do RS

Rádio Gaúcha
CEO da Aeromot, Guilherme Cunha - 22/09/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2022 8:11


CEO da Aeromot, Guilherme Cunha - 22/09/2022 by Rádio Gaúcha

Podcast Ghost Writer
GHOST WRITER 93: ENTREVISTA_LUCIANO CUNHA

Podcast Ghost Writer

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2022 117:17


Neste episódio: Conversamos com Luciano Cunha, autor das HQ's do Doutrinador e Destro, e de vários outros projetos; saiba o que o levou a sofrer um processo de “cancelamento” por parte de uma militância intolerante, e como ele está dando a volta por cima. Apresentado por: Ricardo Herdy e Raphael Modena. Convidados: Luciano Cunha. Parceiro: Carpe Diem – Tour & Adventures Links: Telegram Ghost Writer – t.me/programagw Facebook Ghost Writer – www.facebook.com/programagw Email Ghost Writer – programagw@gmail.com Twitter – @programagw Campanha Apoio Coletivo: SR. AGORA – A Ressureição

Iconocast
CANUDOS: COMO O PARAÍSO DOS MISERÁVEIS RESULTOU EM 25 MIL MORTES

Iconocast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2022 13:14


Nesse Áudio, Joel Paviotti fala sobre a Guerra de Canudos, um conflito que aconteceu no sertão da Bahia entre 1896 e 1897. Nessa região, Antônio Conselheiro, um líder religioso que peregrinava pelo Nordeste, fundou o arraial de Canudos, local que se transformou em uma grande comunidade dos miseráveis que enfrentavam a batalha diária pela sobrevivência, chegando a abrigar 25.000 pessoas e causando incômodo em quem detinha o poder. Assim, um longo conflito entre tropas do governo e moradores de Canudos teve início. O saldo do conflito foi destruição total do arraial e a morte da maioria das pessoas que ali viviam. Essa história foi narrada por Euclides da Cunha em sua obra “Os sertões”. --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/iconocast/support

#swagandrepeat
Tourism Tripod with special guest Gui Cunha

#swagandrepeat

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022 61:05


On this weeks episode we travel North on i-4 to catch up with Gui Cunha of the Seminole County Economic Development and Tourism Board to chat about sports impact, a new indoor facility, the counties top notch venues and where to try horse yoga. Everyone gets a free magical dining gift certificate, well that is, if you attended their latest event The ice is so hot, its melting on I-drive, what does it mean for the district Are you a belieber?, find out which host is ashamed to be a fan Are throwing axes and curling your thing, learn which groups will help you with that experience this week Plus a preview of all the upcoming events, brought to you by our friends at I-Met Management

Rádio Gaúcha
candidato ao Piratini pelo PDT, Vieira da Cunha - 20/09/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022 10:48


Vieira da Cunha - candidato do PDT ao Governo do Estado

Cinemark Brasil
Borgocast - Comentários sobre os anúncios na D23, com participação de Gustavo Cunha. #Episodio82

Cinemark Brasil

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2022 109:23


O novo episódio de Borgocast conta com a presença de Gustavo Cunha e quando dois nerds se juntam num bate-papo, a conversa é longa! Então, prepare a pipoca e ouça os comentários dos anúncios da Marvel, de Star Wars e até Indiana Jones 5, que aconteceram na D23. As novidades anunciadas no fim de semana da feira da Disney nos deixou ainda mais ansiosos pelo o que está por vir no universo das animações. D I V E R S O S lançamentos estão chegando, um deles já no próximo mês, e estão deixando os fãs ansiosos. Ouça agora os comentários de pessoas que sabem muito sobre o assunto

Rádio Gaúcha
Zona Sul de Negócios - CH1 - Gaúcha Zona Sul - 16/09/2022 - Igor Cunha, Proprietário Da Conecta VE.

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2022 11:29


Zona Sul de Negócios - CH1 - Gaúcha Zona Sul - 16/09/2022 - Igor Cunha, Proprietário Da Conecta VE. by Rádio Gaúcha

The Lunar Society
Charles C. Mann - Americas Before Columbus & Scientific Wizardry

The Lunar Society

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2022 92:03


Charles C. Mann is the author of three of my favorite history books: 1491. 1493, and The Wizard and the Prophet. We discuss:why Native American civilizations collapsed and why they failed to make more technological progresswhy he disagrees with Will MacAskill about longtermismwhy there aren't any successful slave revoltshow geoengineering can help us solve climate changewhy Bitcoin is like the Chinese Silver Tradeand much much more!Watch on YouTube. Listen on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or any other podcast platform. Read the full transcript here. Some really cool guests coming up, subscribe to find out about future episodes!Follow me on Twitter for updates on future episodes.If you enjoyed this episode, you may also enjoy my interviews of Will MacAskill (about longtermism), Steve Hsu (about intelligence and embryo selection), and David Deutsch (about AI and the problems with America's constitution).If you end up enjoying this episode, I would be super grateful if you shared it. Post it on Twitter, send it to your friends & group-chats, and throw it up on any relevant subreddits & forums you follow. Can't exaggerate how much it helps a small podcast like mine.Timestamps(0:00:00) -Epidemically Alternate Realities(0:00:25) -Weak Points in Empires(0:03:28) -Slave Revolts(0:08:43) -Slavery Ban(0:12:46) - Contingency & The Pyramids(0:18:13) - Teotihuacan(0:20:02) - New Book Thesis(0:25:20) - Gender Ratios and Silicon Valley(0:31:15) - Technological Stupidity in the New World(0:41:24) - Religious Demoralization(0:44:00) - Critiques of Civilization Collapse Theories(0:49:05) - Virginia Company + Hubris(0:53:30) - China's Silver Trade(1:03:03) - Wizards vs. Prophets(1:07:55) - In Defense of Regulatory Delays(0:12:26) -Geoengineering(0:16:51) -Finding New Wizards(0:18:46) -Agroforestry is Underrated(1:18:46) -Longtermism & Free MarketsTranscriptDwarkesh Patel   Okay! Today I have the pleasure of speaking with Charles Mann, who is the author of three of my favorite books, including 1491: New Revelations of America before Columbus. 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created, and The Wizard and the Prophet: Two Remarkable Scientists and Their Dueling Visions to Shape Tomorrow's World. Charles, welcome to the Lunar Society.Charles C. Mann   It's a pleasure to be here.Epidemically Alternate RealitiesDwarkesh Patel   My first question is: How much of the New World was basically baked into the cake? So at some point, people from Eurasia were going to travel to the New World, bringing their diseases. Considering disparities and where they would survive, if the Acemoglu theory that you cited is correct, then some of these places were bound to have good institutions and some of them were bound to have bad institutions. Plus, because of malaria, there were going to be shortages in labor that people would try to fix with African slaves. So how much of all this was just bound to happen? If Columbus hadn't done it, then maybe 50 years down the line, would someone from Italy have done it? What is the contingency here?Charles C. Mann   Well, I think that some of it was baked into the cake. It was pretty clear that at some point, people from Eurasia and the Western Hemisphere were going to come into contact with each other. I mean, how could that not happen, right? There was a huge epidemiological disparity between the two hemispheres––largely because by a quirk of evolutionary history, there were many more domesticable animals in Eurasia and the Eastern hemisphere. This leads almost inevitably to the creation of zoonotic diseases: diseases that start off in animals and jump the species barrier and become human diseases. Most of the great killers in human history are zoonotic diseases. When people from Eurasia and the Western Hemisphere meet, there are going to be those kinds of diseases. But if you wanted to, it's possible to imagine alternative histories. There's a wonderful book by Laurent Binet called Civilizations that, in fact, does just that. It's a great alternative history book. He imagines that some of the Vikings came and extended further into North America, bringing all these diseases, and by the time of Columbus and so forth, the epidemiological balance was different. So when Columbus and those guys came, these societies killed him, grabbed his boats, and went and conquered Europe. It's far-fetched, but it does say that this encounter would've happened and that the diseases would've happened, but it didn't have to happen in exactly the way that it did. It's also perfectly possible to imagine that Europeans didn't engage in wholesale slavery. There was a huge debate when this began about whether or not slavery was a good idea. There were a lot of reservations, particularly among the Catholic monarchy asking the Pope “Is it okay that we do this?” You could imagine the penny dropping in a slightly different way. So, I think some of it was bound to happen, but how exactly it happened was really up to chance, contingency, and human agency,Weak Points in EmpiresDwarkesh Patel   When the Spanish first arrived in the 15th and 16th centuries, were the Incas and the Aztecs at a particularly weak point or particularly decadent? Or was this just how well you should have expected this civilization to be functioning at any given time period?Charles C. Mann   Well, typically, empires are much more jumbly and fragile entities than we imagine. There's always fighting at the top. What Hernán Cortés was able to do, for instance, with the Aztecs––who are better called The Triple Alliance (the term “Aztec” is an invention from the 19th century). The Triple Alliance was comprised of three groups of people in central Mexico, the largest of which were the Mexica, who had the great city of Tenochtitlan. The other two guys really resented them and so what Cortes was able to do was foment a civil war within the Aztec empire: taking some enemies of the Aztec, some members of the Aztec empire, and creating an entirely new order. There's a fascinating set of history that hasn't really emerged into the popular consciousness. I didn't include it in 1491 or 1493 because it was so new that I didn't know anything about it; everything was largely from Spanish and Mexican scholars about the conquest within the conquest. The allies of the Spaniards actually sent armies out and conquered big swaths of northern and southern Mexico and Central America. So there's a far more complex picture than we realized even 15 or 20 years ago when I first published 1491. However, the conquest wasn't as complete as we think. I talk a bit about this in 1493 but what happens is Cortes moves in and he marries his lieutenants to these indigenous people, creating this hybrid nobility that then extended on to the Incas. The Incas were a very powerful but unstable empire and Pizarro had the luck to walk in right after a civil war. When he did that right after a civil war and massive epidemic, he got them at a very vulnerable point. Without that, it all would have been impossible. Pizarro cleverly allied with the losing side (or the apparently losing side in this in the Civil War), and was able to create a new rallying point and then attack the winning side. So yes, they came in at weak points, but empires typically have these weak points because of fratricidal stuff going on in the leadership.Dwarkesh Patel   It does also remind me of the East India Trading Company.Charles C. Mann   And the Mughal empire, yeah. Some of those guys in Bengal invited Clive and his people in. In fact, I was struck by this. I had just been reading this book, maybe you've heard of it: The Anarchy by William Dalrymple.Dwarkesh Patel   I've started reading it, yeah but I haven't made much progress.Charles C. Mann   It's an amazing book! It's so oddly similar to what happened. There was this fratricidal stuff going on in the Mughal empire, and one side thought, “Oh, we'll get these foreigners to come in, and we'll use them.” That turned out to be a big mistake.Dwarkesh Patel   Yes. What's also interestingly similar is the efficiency of the bureaucracy. Niall Ferguson has a good book on the British Empire and one thing he points out is that in India, the ratio between an actual English civil servant and the Indian population was about 1: 3,000,000 at the peak of the ratio. Which obviously is only possible if you have the cooperation of at least the elites, right? So it sounds similar to what you were saying about Cortes marrying his underlings to the nobility. Charles C. Mann   Something that isn't stressed enough in history is how often the elites recognize each other. They join up in arrangements that increase both of their power and exploit the poor schmucks down below. It's exactly what happened with the East India Company, and it's exactly what happened with Spain. It's not so much that there was this amazing efficiency, but rather, it was a mutually beneficial arrangement for Xcalack, which is now a Mexican state. It had its rights, and the people kept their integrity, but they weren't really a part of the Spanish Empire. They also weren't really wasn't part of Mexico until around 1857. It was a good deal for them. The same thing was true for the Bengalis, especially the elites who made out like bandits from the British Empire.Slave Revolts Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah, that's super interesting. Why was there only one successful slave revolt in the new world in Haiti? In many of these cases, the ratios between slaves and the owners are just huge. So why weren't more of them successful?Charles C. Mann   Well, you would first have to define ‘successful'. Haiti wasn't successful if you meant ‘creating a prosperous state that would last for a long time.' Haiti was and is (to no small extent because of the incredible blockade that was put on it by all the other nations) in terrible shape. Whereas in the case of Paul Maurice, you had people who were self-governing for more than 100 years.. Eventually, they were incorporated into the larger project of Brazil. There's a great Brazilian classic that's equivalent to what Moby Dick or Huck Finn is to us called Os Sertões by a guy named Cunha. And it's good! It's been translated into this amazing translation in English called ​​Rebellion in the Backlands. It's set in the 1880s, and it's about the creation of a hybrid state of runaway slaves, and so forth, and how they had essentially kept their independence and lack of supervision informally, from the time of colonialism. Now the new Brazilian state is trying to take control, and they fight them to the last person. So you have these effectively independent areas in de facto, if not de jure, that existed in the Americas for a very long time. There are some in the US, too, in the great dismal swamp, and you hear about those marooned communities in North Carolina, in Mexico, where everybody just agreed “these places aren't actually under our control, but we're not going to say anything.”  If they don't mess with us too much, we won't mess with them too much. Is that successful or not? I don't know.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah, but it seems like these are temporary successes..Charles C. Mann   I mean, how long did nations last? Like Genghis Khan! How long did the Khan age last? But basically, they had overwhelming odds against them. There's an entire colonial system that was threatened by their existence. Similar to the reasons that rebellions in South Asia were suppressed with incredible brutality–– these were seen as so profoundly threatening to this entire colonial order that people exerted a lot more force against them than you would think would be worthwhile.Dwarkesh Patel   Right. It reminds me of James Scott's Against the Grain. He pointed out that if you look at the history of agriculture, there're many examples where people choose to run away as foragers in the forest, and then the state tries to bring them back into the fold.Charles C. Mann   Right. And so this is exactly part of that dynamic. I mean, who wants to be a slave, right? So as many people as possible ended up leaving. It's easier in some places than others.. it's very easy in Brazil. There are 20 million people in the Brazilian Amazon and the great bulk of them are the descendants of people who left slavery. They're still Brazilians and so forth, but, you know, they ended up not being slaves.Slavery BanDwarkesh Patel   Yeah, that's super fascinating. What is the explanation for why slavery went from being historically ever-present to ending at a particular time when it was at its peak in terms of value and usefulness? What's the explanation for why, when Britain banned the slave trade, within 100 or 200 years, there ended up being basically no legal sanction for slavery anywhere in the world?Charles C. Mann   This is a really good question and the real answer is that historians have been arguing about this forever. I mean, not forever, but you know, for decades, and there's a bunch of different explanations. I think the reason it's so hard to pin down is… kind of amazing. I mean, if you think about it, in 1800, if you were to have a black and white map of the world and put red in countries in which slavery was illegal and socially accepted, there would be no red anywhere on the planet. It's the most ancient human institution that there is. The Code of Hammurabi is still the oldest complete legal code that we have, and about a third of it is about rules for when you can buy slaves, when you can sell slaves, how you can mistreat them, and how you can't–– all that stuff. About a third of it is about buying, selling, and working other human beings. So this has been going on for a very, very long time. And then in a century and a half, it suddenly changes. So there's some explanation, and it's that machinery gets better. But the reason to have people is that you have these intelligent autonomous workers, who are like the world's best robots. From the point of view of the owner, they're fantastically good, except they're incredibly obstreperous and when they're caught, you're constantly afraid they're going to kill you. So if you have a chance to replace them with machinery, or to create a wage where you can run wage people, pay wage workers who are kept in bad conditions but somewhat have more legal rights, then maybe that's a better deal for you. Another one is that industrialization produced different kinds of commodities that became more and more valuable, and slavery was typically associated with the agricultural laborer. So as agriculture diminished as a part of the economy, slavery become less and less important and it became easier to get rid of them. Another one has to do with the beginning of the collapse of the colonial order. Part of it has to do with.. (at least in the West, I don't know enough about the East) the rise of a serious abolition movement with people like Wilberforce and various Darwins and so forth. And they're incredibly influential, so to some extent, I think people started saying, “Wow, this is really bad.”  I suspect that if you looked at South Asia and Africa, you might see similar things having to do with a social moment, but I just don't know enough about that. I know there's an anti-slavery movement and anti-caste movement in which we're all tangled up in South Asia, but I just don't know enough about it to say anything intelligent.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah, the social aspect of it is really interesting. The things you mentioned about automation, industrialization, and ending slavery… Obviously, with time, that might have actually been why it expanded, but its original inception in Britain happened before the Industrial Revolution took off. So that was purely them just taking a huge loss because this movement took hold. Charles C. Mann   And the same thing is true for Bartolome de Las Casas. I mean, Las Casas, you know, in the 1540s just comes out of nowhere and starts saying, “Hey! This is bad.” He is the predecessor of the modern human rights movement. He's an absolutely extraordinary figure, and he has huge amounts of influence. He causes Spain's king in the 1540s to pass what they call The New Laws which says no more slavery, which is a devastating blow enacted to the colonial economy in Spain because they depended on having slaves to work in the silver mines in the northern half of Mexico and in Bolivia, which was the most important part of not only the Spanish colonial economy but the entire Spanish empire. It was all slave labor. And they actually tried to ban it. Now, you can say they came to their senses and found a workaround in which it wasn't banned. But it's still… this actually happened in the 1540s. Largely because people like Las Casas said, “This is bad! you're going to hell doing this.”Contingency & The Pyramids Dwarkesh Patel   Right. I'm super interested in getting into The Wizard and the Prophet section with you. Discussing how movements like environmentalism, for example, have been hugely effective. Again, even though it probably goes against the naked self-interest of many countries. So I'm very interested in discussing that point about why these movements have been so influential!But let me continue asking you about globalization in the world. I'm really interested in how you think about contingency in history, especially given that you have these two groups of people that have been independently evolving and separated for tens of thousands of years. What things turn out to be contingent? What I find really interesting from the book was how both of them developed pyramids––  who would have thought that structure would be within our extended phenotype or something?Charles C. Mann    It's also geometry! I mean, there's only a certain limited number of ways you can pile up stone blocks in a stable way. And pyramids are certainly one of them. It's harder to have a very long-lasting monument that's a cylinder. Pyramids are also easier to build: if you get a cylinder, you have to have scaffolding around it and it gets harder and harder.With pyramids, you can use each lower step to put the next one, on and on, and so forth. So pyramids seem kind of natural to me. Now the material you make them up of is going to be partly determined by what there is. In Cahokia and in the Mississippi Valley, there isn't a lot of stone. So people are going to make these earthen pyramids and if you want them to stay on for a long time, there's going to be certain things you have to do for the structure which people figured out. For some pyramids, you had all this marble around them so you could make these giant slabs of marble, which seems, from today's perspective, incredibly wasteful. So you're going to have some things that are universal like that, along with the apparently universal, or near-universal idea that people who are really powerful like to identify themselves as supernatural and therefore want to be commemorated. Dwarkesh Patel   Yes, I visited Mexico City recently.Charles C. Mann Beautiful city!TeotihuacanDwarkesh Patel Yeah, the pyramids there… I think I was reading your book at the time or already had read your book. What struck me was that if I remember correctly, they didn't have the wheel and they didn't have domesticated animals. So if you really think about it, that's a really huge amount of human misery and toil it must have taken to put this thing together as basically a vanity project. It's like a huge negative connotation if you think about what it took to construct it.Charles C. Mann   Sure, but there are lots of really interesting things about Teotihuacan. This is just one of those things where you can only say so much in one book. If I was writing the two-thousand-page version of 1491, I would have included this. So Tehuácan pretty much starts out as a standard Imperial project, and they build all these huge castles and temples and so forth. There's no reason to suppose it was anything other than an awful experience (like building the pyramids), but then something happened to Teotihuacan that we don't understand. All these new buildings started springing up during the next couple of 100 years, and they're all very very similar. They're like apartment blocks and there doesn't seem to be a great separation between rich and poor. It's really quite striking how egalitarian the architecture is because that's usually thought to be a reflection of social status. So based on the way it looks, could there have been a political revolution of some sort? Where they created something much more egalitarian, probably with a bunch of good guy kings who weren't interested in elevating themselves so much? There's a whole chapter in the book by David Wingrove and David Graeber, The Dawn of Everything about this, and they make this argument that Tehuácan is an example that we can look at as an ancient society that was much more socially egalitarian than we think. Now, in my view, they go a little overboard–– it was also an aggressive imperial power and it was conquering much of the Maya world at the same time. But it is absolutely true that something that started out one way can start looking very differently quite quickly. You see this lots of times in the Americas in the Southwest–– I don't know if you've ever been to Chaco Canyon or any of those places, but you should absolutely go! Unfortunately, it's hard to get there because of the roads terrible but overall, it's totally worth it. It's an amazing place. Mesa Verde right north of it is incredible, it's just really a fantastic thing to see. There are these enormous structures in Chaco Canyon, that we would call castles if they were anywhere else because they're huge. The biggest one, Pueblo Bonito, is like 800 rooms or some insane number like that. And it's clearly an imperial venture, we know that because it's in this canyon and one side is getting all the good light and good sun–– a whole line of these huge castles. And then on the other side is where the peons lived. We also know that starting around 1100, everybody just left! And then their descendants start the Puebla, who are these sort of intensely socially egalitarian type of people. It looks like a political revolution took place. In fact, in the book I'm now writing, I'm arguing (in a sort of tongue-in-cheek manner but also seriously) that this is the first American Revolution! They got rid of these “kings” and created these very different and much more egalitarian societies in which ordinary people had a much larger voice about what went on.Dwarkesh Patel   Interesting. I think I got a chance to see the Teotihuacan apartments when I was there, but I wonder if we're just looking at the buildings that survived. Maybe the buildings that survived were better constructed because they were for the elites? The way everybody else lived might have just washed away over the years.Charles C. Mann   So what's happened in the last 20 years is basically much more sophisticated surveys of what is there. I mean, what you're saying is absolutely the right question to ask. Are the rich guys the only people with things that survived while the ordinary people didn't? You can never be absolutely sure, but what they did is they had these ground penetrating radar surveys, and it looks like this egalitarian construction extends for a huge distance. So it's possible that there are more really, really poor people. But at least you'd see an aggressively large “middle class” getting there, which is very, very different from the picture you have of the ancient world where there's the sun priest and then all the peasants around them.New Book ThesisDwarkesh Patel   Yeah. By the way, is the thesis of the new book something you're willing to disclose at this point? It's okay if you're not––Charles C. Mann   Sure sure, it's okay! This is a sort of weird thing, it's like a sequel or offshoot of 1491. That book, I'm embarrassed to say, was supposed to end with another chapter. The chapter was going to be about the American West, which is where I grew up, and I'm very fond of it. And apparently, I had a lot to say because when I outlined the chapter; the outline was way longer than the actual completed chapters of the rest of the book. So I sort of tried to chop it up and so forth, and it just was awful. So I just cut it. If you carefully look at 1491, it doesn't really have an ending. At the end, the author sort of goes, “Hey! I'm ending, look at how great this is!” So this has been bothering me for 15 years. During the pandemic, when I was stuck at home like so many other people, I held out what I had since I've been saving string and tossing articles that I came across into a folder, and I thought, “Okay, I'm gonna write this out more seriously now.” 15 or 20 years later. And then it was pretty long so I thought “Maybe this could be an e-book.” then I showed it to my editor. And he said, “That is not an e-book. That's an actual book.” So I take a chapter and hope I haven't just padded it, and it's about the North American West. My kids like the West, and at various times, they've questioned what it would be like to move out there because I'm in Massachusetts, where they grew up. So I started thinking “What is the West going to be like, tomorrow? When I'm not around 30 or 50 years from now?”It seems to be that you won't know who's president or who's governor or anything, but there are some things we can know. It'd be hotter and drier than it is now or has been in the recent past, like that wouldn't really be a surprise. So I think we can say that it's very likely to be like that. All the projections are that something like 40% of the people in the area between the Mississippi and the Pacific will be of Latino descent–– from the south, so to speak. And there's a whole lot of people from Asia along the Pacific coast, so it's going to be a real ethnic mixing ground. There's going to be an epicenter of energy, sort of no matter what happens. Whether it's solar, whether it's wind, whether it's petroleum, or hydroelectric, the West is going to be economically extremely powerful, because energy is a fundamental industry.And the last thing is (and this is the iffiest of the whole thing), but I'm going to go out on a limb and say that the ongoing recuperation of sovereignty by the 294 federally recognized Native nations in the West is going to continue. That's been going in this very jagged way, but definitely for the last 50 or 60 years, as long as I've been around, the overall trend is in a very clear direction. So then you think, okay, this West is going to be wildly ethnically diverse, full of competing sovereignties and overlapping sovereignties. Nature is also going to really be in kind of a terminal. Well, that actually sounds like the 1200s! And the conventional history starts with Lewis and Clark and so forth. There's this breakpoint in history when people who looked like me came in and sort of rolled in from the East and kind of took over everything. And the West disappears! That separate entity, the native people disappear, and nature is tamed. That's pretty much what was in the textbooks when I was a kid. Do you know who Frederick Jackson Turner is? Dwarkesh Patel  No.Charles C. Mann So he's like one of these guys where nobody knows who he is. But he was incredibly influential in setting intellectual ideas. He wrote this article in 1893, called The Significance of the Frontier. It was what established this idea that there's this frontier moving from East to West and on this side was savagery and barbarism, and on this other side of civilization was team nature and wilderness and all that. Then it goes to the Pacific, and that's the end of the West. That's still in the textbooks but in a different form: we don't call native people “lurking savages” as he did. But it's in my kids' textbooks. If you have kids, it'll very likely be in their textbook because it's such a bedrock. What I'm saying is that's actually not a useful way to look at it, given what's coming up. A wonderful Texas writer, Bruce Sterling, says, “To know the past, you first have to understand the future.”It's funny, right? But what he means is that all of us have an idea of where the trajectory of history is going. A whole lot of history is about asking, “How did we get here? How do we get there?” To get that, you have to have an idea of what the “there” is. So I'm saying, I'm writing a history of the West with that West that I talked about in mind. Which gives you a very different picture: a lot more about indigenous fire management, the way the Hohokam survived the drought of the 1200s, and a little bit less about Billy the Kid. Gender Ratios and Silicon Valley Dwarkesh Patel   I love that quote hahaha. Speaking of the frontier, maybe it's a mistaken concept, but I remember that in a chapter of 1493, you talk about these rowdy adventurer men who outnumber the women in the silver mines and the kind of trouble that they cause. I wonder if there's some sort of distant analogy to the technology world or Silicon Valley, where you have the same kind of gender ratio and you have the same kind of frontier spirit? Maybe not the same physical violence––– more sociologically. Is there any similarity there?Charles C. Mann   I think it's funny, I hadn't thought about it. But it's certainly funny to think about. So let me do this off the top of my head. I like the idea that at the end of it, I can say, “wait, wait, that's ridiculous.“ Both of them would attract people who either didn't have much to lose, or were oblivious about what they had to lose, and had a resilience towards failure. I mean, it's amazing, the number of people in Silicon Valley who have completely failed at numbers of things! They just get up and keep‌ trying and have a kind of real obliviousness to social norms. It's pretty clear they are very much interested in making a mark and making their fortunes themselves. So there's at least a sort of shallow comparison, there are some certain similarities. I don't think this is entirely flattering to either group. It's absolutely true that those silver miners in Bolivia, and in northern‌ Mexico, created to a large extent, the modern world. But it's also true that they created these cesspools of violence and exploitation that had consequences we're still living with today. So you have to kind of take the bitter with the sweet. And I think that's true of Silicon Valley and its products *chuckles* I use them every day, and I curse them every day.Dwarkesh Patel   Right.Charles C. Mann   I want to give you an example. The internet has made it possible for me to do something like write a Twitter thread, get millions of people to read it, and have a discussion that's really amazing at the same time. Yet today, The Washington Post has an article about how every book in Texas (it's one of the states) a child checks out of the school library goes into a central state databank. They can see and look for patterns of people taking out “bad books” and this sort of stuff. And I think “whoa, that's really bad! That's not so good.” It's really the same technology that brings this dissemination and collection of vast amounts of information with relative ease. So with all these things, you take the bitter with the sweet. Technological Stupidity in the New WorldDwarkesh Patel   I want to ask you again about contingency because there are so many other examples where things you thought would be universal actually don't turn out to be. I think you talked about how the natives had different forms of metallurgy, with gold and copper, but then they didn't do iron or steel. You would think that given their “warring nature”, iron would be such a huge help. There's a clear incentive to build it. Millions of people living there could have built or developed this technology. Same with the steel, same with the wheel. What's the explanation for why these things you think anybody would have come up with didn't happen?Charles C. Mann   I know. It's just amazing to me! I don't know. This is one of those things I think about all the time. A few weeks ago, it rained, and I went out to walk the dog. I'm always amazed that there are literal glistening drops of water on the crabgrass and when you pick it up, sometimes there are little holes eaten by insects in the crabgrass. Every now and then, if you look carefully, you'll see a drop of water in one of those holes and it forms a lens. And you can look through it! You can see that it's not a very powerful lens by any means, but you can see that things are magnified. So you think “How long has there been crabgrass? Or leaves? And water?”  Just forever! We've had glass forever! So how is it that we had to wait for whoever it was to create lenses? I just don't get it. In book 1491, I mentioned the moldboard plow, which is the one with a curving blade that allows you to go through the soil much more easily. It was invented in China thousands of years ago, but not around in Europe until the 1400s. Like, come on, guys! What was it? And so, you know, there's this mysterious sort of mass stupidity. One of the wonderful things about globalization and trade and contact is that maybe not everybody is as blind as you and you can learn from them. I mean, that's the most wonderful thing about trade. So in the case of the wheel, the more amazing thing is that in Mesoamerica, they had the wheel on child's toys. Why didn't they develop it? The best explanation I can get is they didn't have domestic animals. A cart then would have to be pulled by people. That would imply that to make the cart work, you'd have to cut a really good road. Whereas they had these travois, which are these things that you hold and they have these skids that are shaped kind of like an upside-down V. You can drag them across rough ground, you don't need a road for them. That's what people used in the Great Plains and so forth. So you look at this, and you think “maybe this was the ultimate way to save labor. I mean, this was good enough. And you didn't have to build and maintain these roads to make this work”  so maybe it was rational or just maybe they're just blinkered. I don't know. As for assembly with steel, I think there's some values involved in that. I don't know if you've ever seen one of those things they had in Mesoamerica called Macuahuitl. They're wooden clubs with obsidian blades on them and they are sharp as hell. You don't run your finger along the edge because they just slice it open. An obsidian blade is pretty much sharper than any iron or steel blade and it doesn't rust. Nice. But it's much more brittle. So okay, they're there, and the Spaniards were really afraid of them. Because a single blow from these heavy sharp blades could kill a horse. They saw people whack off the head of a horse carrying a big strong guy with a single blow! So they're really dangerous, but they're not long-lasting. Part of the deal was that the values around conflict were different in the sense that conflict in Mesoamerica wasn't a matter of sending out foot soldiers in grunts, it was a chance for soldiers to get individual glory and prestige. This was associated with having these very elaborately beautiful weapons that you killed people with. So maybe not having steel worked better for their values and what they were trying to do at war. That would've lasted for years and I mean, that's just a guess. But you can imagine a scenario where they're not just blinkered but instead expressive on the basis of their different values. This is hugely speculative. There's a wonderful book by Ross Hassig about old Aztec warfare. It's an amazing book which is about the military history of The Aztecs and it's really quite interesting. He talks about this a little bit but he finally just says we don't know why they didn't develop all these technologies, but this worked for them.Dwarkesh Patel   Interesting. Yeah, it's kind of similar to China not developing gunpowder into an actual ballistic material––Charles C. Mann   Or Japan giving up the gun! They actually banned guns during the Edo period. The Portuguese introduced guns and the Japanese used them, and they said “Ahhh nope! Don't want them.” and they banned them. This turned out to be a terrible idea when Perry came in the 1860s. But for a long time, supposedly under the Edo period, Japan had the longest period of any nation ever without a foreign war. Dwarkesh Patel   Hmm. Interesting. Yeah, it's concerning when you think the lack of war might make you vulnerable in certain ways. Charles C. Mann   Yeah, that's a depressing thought.Religious DemoralizationDwarkesh Patel   Right. In Fukuyama's The End of History, he's obviously arguing that liberal democracy will be the final form of government everywhere. But there's this point he makes at the end where he's like, “Yeah, but maybe we need a small war every 50 years or so just to make sure people remember how bad it can get and how to deal with it.” Anyway, when the epidemic started in the New World, surely the Indians must have had some story or superstitious explanation–– some way of explaining what was happening. What was it?Charles C. Mann   You have to remember, the germ theory of disease didn't exist at the time. So neither the Spaniards, or the English, or the native people, had a clear idea of what was going on. In fact, both of them thought of it as essentially a spiritual event, a religious event. You went into areas that were bad, and the air was bad. That was malaria, right? That was an example. To them, it was God that was in control of the whole business. There's a line from my distant ancestor––the Governor Bradford of Plymouth Colony, who's my umpteenth, umpteenth grandfather, that's how waspy I am, he's actually my ancestor––about how God saw fit to clear the natives for us. So they see all of this in really religious terms, and more or less native people did too! So they thought over and over again that “we must have done something bad for this to have happened.” And that's a very powerful demoralizing thing. Your God either punished you or failed you. And this was it. This is one of the reasons that Christianity was able to make inroads. People thought “Their god is coming in and they seem to be less harmed by these diseases than people with our God.” Now, both of them are completely misinterpreting what's going on! But if you have that kind of spiritual explanation, it makes sense for you to say, “Well, maybe I should hit up their God.”Critiques of Civilization Collapse TheoriesDwarkesh Patel   Yeah, super fascinating. There's been a lot of books written in the last few decades about why civilizations collapse. There's Joseph Tainter's book, there's Jared Diamond's book. Do you feel like any of them actually do a good job of explaining how these different Indian societies collapsed over time?Charles C. Mann   No. Well not the ones that I've read. And there are two reasons for that. One is that it's not really a mystery. If you have a society that's epidemiologically naive, and smallpox sweeps in and kills 30% of you, measles kills 10% of you, and this all happens in a short period of time, that's really tough! I mean COVID killed one million people in the United States. That's 1/330th of the population. And it wasn't even particularly the most economically vital part of the population. It wasn't kids, it was elderly people like my aunt–– I hope I'm not sounding callous when I'm describing it like a demographer. Because I don't mean it that way. But it caused enormous economic damage and social conflict and so forth. Now, imagine something that's 30 or 40 times worse than that, and you have no explanation for it at all. It's kind of not a surprise to me that this is a super challenge. What's actually amazing is the number of nations that survived and came up with ways to deal with this incredible loss.That relates to the second issue, which is that it's sort of weird to talk about collapse in the ways that they sometimes do. Like both of them talk about the Mayan collapse. But there are 30 million Mayan people still there. They were never really conquered by the Spaniards. The Spaniards were still waging giant wars in Yucatan in the 1590s. In the early 21st century, I went with my son to Chiapas, which is the southernmost exit province. And that is where the Commandante Cero and the rebellions were going on. We were looking at some Mayan ruins, and they were too beautiful, and I stayed too long, and we were driving back through the night on these terrible roads. And we got stopped by some of these guys with guns. I was like, “Oh God, not only have I got myself into this, I got my son into this.” And the guy comes and looks at us and says, “Who are you?” And I say that we're American tourists. And he just gets this disgusted look, and he says, “Go on.” And you know, the journalist in me takes over and I ask, “What do you mean, just go on?” And he says, “We're hunting for Mexicans.” And as I'm driving I'm like “Wait a minute, I'm in Mexico.” And that those were Mayans. All those guys were Maya people still fighting against the Spaniards. So it's kind of funny to say that their society collapsed when there are Mayan radio stations, there are Maya schools, and they're speaking Mayan in their home. It's true, they don't have giant castles anymore. But, it's odd to think of that as collapse. They seem like highly successful people who have dealt pretty well with a lot of foreign incursions. So there's this whole aspect of “What do you mean collapse?” And you see that in Against the Grain, the James Scott book, where you think, “What do you mean barbarians?” If you're an average Maya person, working as a farmer under the purview of these elites in the big cities probably wasn't all that great. So after the collapse, you're probably better off. So all of that I feel is important in this discussion of collapse. I think it's hard to point to collapses that either have very clear exterior causes or are really collapses of the environment. Particularly the environmental sort that are pictured in books like Diamond has, where he talks about Easter Island. The striking thing about that is we know pretty much what happened to all those trees. Easter Island is this little speck of land, in the middle of the ocean, and Dutch guys come there and it's the only wood around for forever, so they cut down all the trees to use it for boat repair, ship repair, and they enslave most of the people who are living there. And we know pretty much what happened. There's no mystery about it.Virginia Company + HubrisDwarkesh Patel   Why did the British government and the king keep subsidizing and giving sanctions to the Virginia Company, even after it was clear that this is not especially profitable and half the people that go die? Why didn't they just stop?Charles C. Mann   That's a really good question. It's a super good question. I don't really know if we have a satisfactory answer, because it was so stupid for them to keep doing that. It was such a loss for so long. So you have to say, they were thinking, not purely economically. Part of it is that the backers of the Virginia Company, in sort of classic VC style, when things were going bad, they lied about it. They're burning through their cash, they did these rosy presentations, and they said, “It's gonna be great! We just need this extra money.” Kind of the way that Uber did. There's this tremendous burn rate and now the company says you're in tremendous trouble because it turns out that it's really expensive to provide all these calves and do all this stuff. The cheaper prices that made people like me really happy about it are vanishing. So, you know, I think future business studies will look at those rosy presentations and see that they have a kind of analogy to the ones that were done with the Virginia Company. A second thing is that there was this dog-headed belief kind of based on the inability to understand longitude and so forth, that the Americas were far narrower than they actually are. I reproduced this in 1493. There were all kinds of maps in Britain at the time showing these little skinny Philippines-like islands. So there's the thought that you just go up the Chesapeake, go a couple 100 miles, and you're gonna get to the Pacific into China. So there's this constant searching for a passage to China through this thought to be very narrow path. Sir Francis Drake and some other people had shown that there was a West Coast so they thought the whole thing was this narrow, Panama-like landform. So there's this geographical confusion. Finally, there's the fact that the Spaniards had found all this gold and silver, which is an ideal commodity, because it's not perishable: it's small, you can put it on your ship and bring it back, and it's just great in every way. It's money, essentially. Basically, you dig up money in the hills and there's this long-standing belief that there's got to be more of that in the Americas, we just need to find out where. So there's always that hope. Lastly, there's the Imperial bragging rights. You know, we can't be the only guys with a colony. You see that later in the 19th century when Germany became a nation and one of the first things the Dutch said was “Let's look for pieces of Africa that the rest of Europe hasn't claimed,” and they set up their own mini colonial empire. So there's this kind of “Keeping Up with the Joneses” aspect, it just seems to be sort of deep in the European ruling class. So then you got to have an empire that in this weird way, seems very culturally part of it. I guess it's the same for many other places. As soon as you feel like you have a state together, you want to index other things. You see that over and over again, all over the world. So that's part of it. All those things, I think, contributed to this. Outright lying, this delusion, other various delusions, plus hubris.Dwarkesh Patel   It seems that colonial envy has today probably spread to China. I don't know too much about it, but I hear that the Silk Road stuff they're doing is not especially economically wise. Is this kind of like when you have the impulse where if you're a nation trying to rise, you have that “I gotta go here, I gotta go over there––Charles C. Mann   Yeah and “Show what a big guy I am. Yeah,––China's Silver TradeDwarkesh Patel   Exactly. So speaking of China, I want to ask you about the silver trade. Excuse another tortured analogy, but when I was reading that chapter where you're describing how the Spanish silver was ending up with China and how the Ming Dynasty caused too much inflation. They needed more reliable mediums of exchange, so they had to give up real goods from China, just in order to get silver, which is just a medium of exchange––but it's not creating more apples, right? I was thinking about how this sounds a bit like Bitcoin today, (obviously to a much smaller magnitude) but in the sense that you're using up goods. It's a small amount of electricity, all things considered, but you're having to use up real energy in order to construct this medium of exchange. Maybe somebody can claim that this is necessary because of inflation or some other policy mistake and you can compare it to the Ming Dynasty. But what do you think about this analogy? Is there a similar situation where real goods are being exchanged for just a medium of exchange?Charles C. Mann   That's really interesting. I mean, on some level, that's the way money works, right? I go into a store, like a Starbucks and I buy a coffee, then I hand them a piece of paper with some drawings on it, and they hand me an actual coffee in return for a piece of paper. So the mysteriousness of money is kind of amazing. History is of course replete with examples of things that people took very seriously as money. Things that to us seem very silly like the cowry shell or in the island of Yap where they had giant stones! Those were money and nobody ever carried them around. You transferred the ownership of the stone from one person to another person to buy something. I would get some coconuts or gourds or whatever, and now you own that stone on the hill. So there's a tremendous sort of mysteriousness about the human willingness to assign value to arbitrary things such as (in Bitcoin's case) strings of zeros and ones. That part of it makes sense to me. What's extraordinary is when the effort to create a medium of exchange ends up costing you significantly–– which is what you're talking about in China where people had a medium of exchange, but they had to work hugely to get that money. I don't have to work hugely to get a $1 bill, right? It's not like I'm cutting down a tree and smashing the papers to pulp and printing. But you're right, that's what they're kind of doing in China. And that's, to a lesser extent, what you're doing in Bitcoin. So I hadn't thought about this, but Bitcoin in this case is using computer cycles and energy. To me, it's absolutely extraordinary the degree to which people who are Bitcoin miners are willing to upend their lives to get cheap energy. A guy I know is talking about setting up small nuclear plants as part of his idea for climate change and he wants to set them up in really weird remote areas. And I was asking “Well who would be your customers?” and he says Bitcoin people would move to these nowhere places so they could have these pocket nukes to privately supply their Bitcoin habits. And that's really crazy! To completely upend your life to create something that you hope is a medium of exchange that will allow you to buy the things that you're giving up. So there's a kind of funny aspect to this. That was partly what was happening in China. Unfortunately, China's very large, so they were able to send off all this stuff to Mexico so that they could get the silver to pay their taxes, but it definitely weakened the country.Wizards vs. ProphetsDwarkesh Patel   Yeah, and that story you were talking about, El Salvador actually tried it. They were trying to set up a Bitcoin city next to this volcano and use the geothermal energy from the volcano to incentivize people to come there and mine cheap Bitcoin. Staying on the theme of China, do you think the prophets were more correct, or the wizards were more correct for that given time period? Because we have the introduction of potato, corn, maize, sweet potatoes, and this drastically increases the population until it reaches a carrying capacity. Obviously, what follows is the other kinds of ecological problems this causes and you describe these in the book. Is this evidence of the wizard worldview that potatoes appear and populations balloon? Or are the prophets like “No, no, carrying capacity will catch up to us eventually.”Charles C. Mann   Okay, so let me interject here. For those members of your audience who don't know what we're talking about. I wrote this book, The Wizard and the Prophet. And it's about these two camps that have been around for a long time who have differing views regarding how we think about energy resources, the environment, and all those issues. The wizards, that's my name for them––Stuart Brand called them druids and, in fact, originally, the title was going to involve the word druid but my editor said, “Nobody knows what a Druid is” so I changed it into wizards–– and anyway the wizards would say that science and technology properly applied can allow you to produce your way out of these environmental dilemmas. You turn on the science machine, essentially, and then we can escape these kinds of dilemmas. The prophets say “No. Natural systems are governed by laws and there's an inherent carrying capacity or limit or planetary boundary.” there are a bunch of different names for them that say you can't do more than so much.So what happened in China is that European crops came over. One of China's basic geographical conditions is that it's 20% of the Earth's habitable surface area, or it has 20% of the world's population, but only has seven or 8% of the world's above-ground freshwater. There are no big giant lakes like we have in the Great Lakes. And there are only a couple of big rivers, the Yangtze and the Yellow River. The main staple crop in China has to be grown in swimming pools, and that's you know, rice. So there's this paradox, which is “How do you keep people fed with rice in a country that has very little water?” If you want a shorthand history of China, that's it. So prophets believe that there are these planetary boundaries. In history, these are typically called Malthusian Limits after Malthus and the question is: With the available technology at a certain time, how many people can you feed before there's misery?The great thing about history is it provides evidence for both sides. Because in the short run, what happened when American crops came in is that the potato, sweet potato, and maize corn were the first staple crops that were dryland crops that could be grown in the western half of China, which is very, very dry and hot and mountainous with very little water. Population soars immediately afterward, but so does social unrest, misery, and so forth. In the long run, that becomes adaptable when China becomes a wealthy and powerful nation. In the short run, which is not so short (it's a couple of centuries), it really causes tremendous chaos and suffering. So, this provides evidence for both sides. One increases human capacity, and the second unquestionably increases human numbers and that leads to tremendous erosion, land degradation, and human suffering.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah, that's a thick coin with two sides. By the way, I realized I haven't gotten to all the Wizard and Prophet questions, and there are a lot of them. So I––Charles C. Mann   I certainly have time! I'm enjoying the conversation. One of the weird things about podcasts is that, as far as I can tell, the average podcast interviewer is far more knowledgeable and thoughtful than the average sort of mainstream journalist interviewer and I just find that amazing. I don't understand it. So I think you guys should be hired. You know, they should make you switch roles or something.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah, maybe. Charles C. Mann   It's a pleasure to be asked these interesting questions about subjects I find fascinating.Dwarkesh Patel   Oh, it's my pleasure to get to talk to you and to get to ask these questions. So let me ask about the Wizard and the Prophet. I just interviewed WIll McCaskill, and we were talking about what ends up mattering most in history. I asked him about Norman Borlaug and said that he's saved a billion lives. But then McCaskill pointed out, “Well, that's an exceptional result” and he doesn't think the technology is that contingent. So if Borlaug hadn't existed, somebody else would have discovered what he discovered about short wheat stalks anyways. So counterfactually, in a world where Ebola doesn't exist, it's not like a billion people die, maybe a couple million more die until the next guy comes around. That was his view. Do you agree? What is your response?Charles C. Mann   To some extent, I agree. It's very likely that in the absence of one scientist, some other scientist would have discovered this, and I mentioned in the book, in fact, that there's a guy named Swaminathan, a remarkable Indian scientist, who's a step behind him and did much of the same work. At the same time, the individual qualities of Borlaug are really quite remarkable. The insane amount of work and dedication that he did.. it's really hard to imagine. The fact is that he was going against many of the breeding plant breeding dogmas of his day, that all matters! His insistence on feeding the poor… he did remarkable things. Yes, I think some of those same things would have been discovered but it would have been a huge deal if it had taken 20 years later. I mean, that would have been a lot of people who would have been hurt in the interim! Because at the same time, things like the end of colonialism, the discovery of antibiotics, and so forth, were leading to a real population rise, and the amount of human misery that would have occurred, it's really frightening to think about. So, in some sense, I think he's (Will McCaskill) right. But I wouldn't be so glib about those couple of million people.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah. And another thing you might be concerned about is that given the hostile attitude that people had towards the green revolution right after, if the actual implementation of these different strains of biochar sent in India, if that hadn't been delayed, it's not that weird to imagine a scenario where the governments there are just totally won over by the prophets and they decide to not implant this technology at all. If you think about what happened to nuclear power in the 70s, in many different countries, maybe something similar could have happened to the Green Revolution. So it's important to beat the Prophet. Maybe that's not the correct way to say it. But one way you could put it is: It's important to beat the prophets before the policies are passed. You have to get a good bit of technology in there.Charles C. Mann   This is just my personal opinion, but you want to listen to the prophets about what the problems are. They're incredible at diagnosing problems, and very frequently, they're right about those things. The social issues about the Green Revolution… they were dead right, they were completely right. I don't know if you then adopt their solutions. It's a little bit like how I feel about my editors–– my editors will often point out problems and I almost never agree with their solutions. The fact is that Borlaug did develop this wheat that came into India, but it probably wouldn't have been nearly as successful if Swaminathan hadn't changed that wheat to make it more acceptable to the culture of India. That was one of the most important parts for me in this book. When I went to Tamil Nadu, I listened to this and I thought, “Oh! I never heard about this part where they took Mexican wheat, and they made it into Indian wheat.” You know, I don't even know if Borlaug ever knew or really grasped that they really had done that! By the way, a person for you to interview is Marci Baranski–– she's got a forthcoming book about the history of the Green Revolution and she sounds great. I'm really looking forward to reading it. So here's a plug for her.In Defense of Regulatory DelaysDwarkesh Patel   So if we applied that particular story to today, let's say that we had regulatory agencies like the FDA back then that were as powerful back then as they are now. Do you think it's possible that these new advances would have just dithered in some approval process that took years or decades to complete? If you just backtest our current process for implementing technological solutions, are you concerned that something like the green revolution could not have happened or that it would have taken way too long or something?Charles C. Mann   It's possible. Bureaucracies can always go rogue, and the government is faced with this kind of impossible problem. There's a current big political argument about whether former President Trump should have taken these top-secret documents to his house in Florida and done whatever he wanted to? Just for the moment, let's accept the argument that these were like super secret toxic documents and should not have been in a basement. Let's just say that's true. Whatever the President says is declassified is declassified. Let us say that's true.  Obviously, that would be bad. You would not want to have that kind of informal process because you can imagine all kinds of things–– you wouldn't want to have that kind of informal process in place. But nobody has ever imagined that you would do that because it's sort of nutty in that scenario.Now say you write a law and you create a bureaucracy for declassification and immediately add more delay, you make things harder, you add in the problems of the bureaucrats getting too much power, you know–– all the things that you do. So you have this problem with the government, which is that people occasionally do things that you would never imagine. It's completely screwy. So you put in regulatory mechanisms to stop them from doing that and that impedes everybody else. In the case of the FDA, it was founded in the 30 when some person produced this thing called elixir sulfonamides. They killed hundreds of people! It was a flat-out poison! And, you know, hundreds of people died. You think like who would do that? But somebody did that. So they created this entire review mechanism to make sure it never happened again, which introduced delay, and then something was solidified. Which they did start here because the people who invented that didn't even do the most cursory kind of check. So you have this constant problem. I'm sympathetic to the dilemma faced by the government here in which you either let through really bad things done by occasional people, or you screw up everything for everybody else. I was tracing it crudely, but I think you see the trade-off. So the question is, how well can you manage this trade-off? I would argue that sometimes it's well managed. It's kind of remarkable that we got vaccines produced by an entirely new mechanism, in record time, and they passed pretty rigorous safety reviews and were given to millions and millions and millions of people with very, very few negative effects. I mean, that's a real regulatory triumph there, right?So that would be the counter-example: you have this new thing that you can feed people and so forth. They let it through very quickly. On the other hand, you have things like genetically modified salmon and trees, which as far as I can tell, especially for the chestnuts, they've made extraordinary efforts to test. I'm sure that those are going to be in regulatory hell for years to come. *chuckles* You know, I just feel that there's this great problem. These flaws that you identified, I would like to back off and say that this is a problem sort of inherent to government. They're always protecting us against the edge case. The edge case sets the rules, and that ends up, unless you're very careful, making it very difficult for everybody else.Dwarkesh Patel   Yeah. And the vaccines are an interesting example here. Because one of the things you talked about in the book–– one of the possible solutions to climate change is that you can have some kind of geoengineering. Right? I think you mentioned in the book that as long as even one country tries this, then they can effectively (for relatively modest amounts of money), change the atmosphere. But then I look at the failure of every government to approve human challenge trials. This is something that seems like an obvious thing to do and we would have potentially saved hundreds of thousands of lives during COVID by speeding up the vaccine approval. So I wonder, maybe the international collaboration is strong enough that something like geoengineering actually couldn't happen because something like human challenge trials didn't happen.Geoengineering Charles C. Mann   So let me give a plug here for a fun novel by my friend, Neal Stephenson, called Termination Shock. Which is about some rich person just doing it. Just doing geoengineering. The fact is that it's actually not actually against the law to fire off rockets into the stratosphere. In his case, it's a giant gun that shoots shells full of sulfur into the upper atmosphere. So I guess the question is, what timescale do you think is appropriate for all this? I feel quite confident that there will be geoengineering trials within the next 10 years. Is that fast enough? That's a real judgment call. I think people like David Keith and the other advocates for geoengineering would have said it should have happened already and that it's way, way too slow. People who are super anxious about moral hazard and precautionary principles say that that's way, way too fast. So you have these different constituencies. It's hard for me to think off the top of my head of an example where these regulatory agencies have actually totally throttled something in a long-lasting way as opposed to delaying it for 10 years. I don't mean to imply that 10 years is nothing. But it's really killing off something. Is there an example you can think of?Dwarkesh Patel   Well, it's very dependent on where you think it would have been otherwise, like people say maybe it was just bound to be the state. Charles C. Mann   I think that was a very successful case of regulatory capture, in which the proponents of the technology successfully created this crazy…. One of the weird things I really wanted to explain about nuclear stuff is not actually in the book.

covid-19 god united states america american spotify texas history world president donald trump english europe china earth japan water mexico british speaking west germany food africa ai christianity nature european italy japanese spanish north carolina ireland north america spain staying brazil african irish uber east indian bitcoin mexican massachusetts natural code silicon valley britain catholic washington post helps starbucks mississippi civil war millions dutch philippines native americans columbus prophet west coast pleasure wizard pacific vikings haiti fda diamond brazilian americas rebellions latino native prophets edinburgh new world excuse significance nuclear vc wizards similar khan indians portuguese scientific panama underrated el salvador mexico city population bolivia uncovering anarchy central america west africa grain ebola frontier imperial keeping up american revolution empires great lakes mayan south asia cort british empire clive pyramids cortes industrial revolution american west moby dick silk road puebla adam smith aztec joneses oh god cunha bengal druid critiques bureaucracy aztecs largely eurasia edo chiapas c4 undo in defense civilizations mayans chesapeake western hemisphere brazilians wizardry great plains tamil nadu yap geoengineering pizarro new laws easter island incas yucatan spaniards david graeber your god neal stephenson jared diamond niall ferguson outright green revolution new revelations las casas mesoamerica mughal east india company teotihuacan agriculture organization hammurabi tenochtitlan huck finn paul maurice james scott mexica mccaskill wilberforce malthus brazilian amazon william powell agroforestry yangtze sir francis drake ming dynasty spanish empire darwins david keith mesa verde david deutsch william dalrymple northern mexico yellow river plymouth colony bartolome norman borlaug chaco canyon bruce sterling charles c mann laurent binet mississippi valley charles mann bengalis acemoglu borlaug triple alliance will macaskill americas before columbus virginia company frederick jackson turner joseph tainter east india trading company murray gell mann north american west hohokam shape tomorrow prophet two remarkable scientists
Igreja do Amor
#525 - TESTEMUNHO IMPACTANTE - BERG CUNHA

Igreja do Amor

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 14:27


#525 - TESTEMUNHO IMPACTANTE - BERG CUNHA by Igreja do Amor

SBS Portuguese - SBS em Português
´A astronomia aconteceu, tipo doença fulminante´: Elisabete da Cunha, WA Portuguese Citizen of the Year 2022

SBS Portuguese - SBS em Português

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 29:57


Elisabete da Cunha é luso-australiana, filha de emigrantes portugueses, uma orgulhosa ´mulher do norte´ que ficou agarrada à astronomia quando aos 13 anos começou a observar o céu nocturno e a devorar todos os livros da biblioteca da escola sobre o tema. A partir daí, o céu foi literalmente o limite para Elisabete. Hoje, com 39 anos, é uma das mais reconhecidas astrónomas portuguesas e uma das poucas pessoas do mundo a trabalhar nos maiores telescópios do planeta, entre eles o incrível James Webb Telescope. Por tudo isto e muito mais, o prémio WA Portuguese Citizen of the Year 2022, na categoria profissional, já é dela.

Winging It Travel Podcast
Episode 82 - Travelling With Dave Seminara - Mad Travelers: A Tale of Wanderlust, Greed and the Quest to Reach the Ends of the Earth

Winging It Travel Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 98:51


Hello and welcome to number 82! This week I am joined by Dave Seminara who is the author of a book I read called Mad Travelers: A Tale of Wanderlust, Greed and the Quest to Reach the Ends of the Earth. I was absolutely enthralled with his book, so much so I asked Dave to come on the podcast to talk about it. We delve into many subjects such as 'wanderlust', the reasons why we travel, the science behind the urge to not stick to one place for very long, why some people hate travel, the outline of his book, travel during COVID and so many more subjects. The running theme of this conversation is discussing the extreme travel community which Dave's book is based on.I have learnt so much about the extreme travel community and their ambitions to travel to the most far flung places on Earth. We talk about the most isolated island on Earth called Bouvet Island. We also talk about the most isolated inhabited island on Earth called Tristan da Cunha. We explain the motivation for people to enter the country counting clubs like Nomad Mania and MTP. A real fantastic conversation and one in which I came away from thinking I have learnt so many new things in the near two hours of the conversation. Thanks to Dave for coming on the podcast and enjoy!Dave SeminaraWebsite - https://daveseminara.comMad Travelers - https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1642938580/ref=dbs_a_def_rwt_bibl_vppi_i3Contact Dave - https://daveseminara.com/contact/Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/DaveSeminaraMadTravelerYouTube - https://www.youtube.com/c/MadTraveler/videosLinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/in/dave-s-8a20a610/MY NEW PODCAST/YOUTUBE CHANNEL - The Trendy Coffee PodcastPlease follow and subscribe below.YouTube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgB8CA0tAk3ILcqEZ39a33gPodcast Links - https://linktr.ee/thetrendycoffeepodcastWinging It Travel PodcastMy Patreon Page - https://www.patreon.com/wingingittravelpodcast SIGN UP TODAYWhat is on offer?1. One bonus episode every month2. Ad-free content3. Early access to episodes (24 hours)4. Exclusive added feature on every episode5. Patron shout-out6. Ad hoc bonus episodes7. Receive my Digital Travel Planner8. Receive my monthly magazine for the podcastPrice£4/$7.50 (CAD)/$6 USD per monthMERCHANDISE STORE - https://www.teepublic.com/stores/winging-it-travel-podcast?ref_id=25823Want some insurance whilst travelling and/or working remotely? Book below using SafetyWing.https://safetywing.com?referenceID=wingingittravelpodcast&utm_source=wingingittravelpodcast&utm_medium=AmbassadorBook Flights With Expediahttps://prf.hn/click/camref:1100lqfY7/creativeref:1100l68075/destination:https://www.expedia.com/Flights?siteid=1&langid=1033Contact me - jameshammondtravel@gmail.com or message on my social media on the links below.Follow me on:YouTube - Winging It Travel Podcast https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC173L0udkGL15RSkO3vIx5AInstagram - wingingittravelpodcast - https://www.instagram.com/wingingittravelpodcast/ jameshammondtravel - https://www.instagram.com/jameshammondtravel/TikTok - wingingittravelpodcast - https://www.tiktok.com/@wingingittravelpodcastFacebook - Winging It Travel Podcast - https://www.facebook.com/jameshammondtravelTwitter - https://twitter.com/PodcastWingingReview - please head to Podchaser and leave a review for this podcast - https://www.podchaser.com/podcasts/winging-it-travel-podcast-1592244 or alternately you can leave a review and rating wherever you get your podcasts! Support the podcast - https://www.buymeacoffee.com/wingingitEtsy StoreBuy my Digital Travel Planner - https://www.etsy.com/ca/listing/1220056512/digital-travel-planner?click_key=c580edd56767d7b03612dfae3b122f32e15fe1ec%3A1220056512&click_sum=80ff0159&ref=shop_home_recs_2Stickers - https://www.etsy.com/ca/listing/1216492546/winging-it-travel-podcast-stickers?click_key=ed1139c660585f268a8192aa8c136a5915118968%3A1216492546&click_sum=b8a8a048&ref=shop_home_recs_1&frs=1 Thanks for your support, James!

Notícias Brasil de Fato MG
Jornalismo perde uma de suas maiores referências; João Paulo Cunha faleceu nesta sexta (9)

Notícias Brasil de Fato MG

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2022 4:11


Com trajetória marcada por importantes contribuições à construção do jornalismo popular, faleceu nesta sexta-feira (9), em Belo Horizonte, aos 63 anos, João Paulo Cunha. Colunista do Brasil de Fato MG, o mineiro atuou em jornais, rádios e na televisão. O jornalista também publicou quatro livros e foi professor universitário. João Paulo foi diretor da Rede Minas e da Rádio Inconfidência. Foi também presidente do Instituto Cultural do Banco de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais (BDMG) e diretor da Casa de Jornalistas. Por 18 anos, foi editor de cultura do jornal Estado de Minas, e também responsável pelo Caderno Pensar. Mesmo com um currículo extenso, conhecidos, amigos e colegas de profissão contam que o que mais chamava atenção em João Paulo era seu compromisso com a comunicação voltada aos interesses dos trabalhadores e da população mais pobre. “Sua principal contribuição, além de exprimir uma sólida e contínua formação, foi nunca se omitir e praticar um jornalismo reflexivo, engajado e comprometido com Minas Gerais e o Brasil. Sempre esperávamos suas palavras para nos ajudar a pensar em saídas e para nos esperançar”, conta a atriz e ex-vereadora de BH, Cida Falabella. No prefácio do livro, publicado por João Paulo em 2019, “Penso, logo duvido”, João das Neves, artista mineiro, chama atenção para a capacidade do jornalista em observar desde as questões mais cotidianas aos grandes movimentos políticos, proporcionando ao leitor "uma vasta compreensão do mundo”.

TOMEI GOSTO por Mario Alaska
TOMEI GOSTO - Glauber Cunha

TOMEI GOSTO por Mario Alaska

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 8, 2022 62:07


Glauber Cunha ou Dona Sônia? Ele tem seguidores na casa de 7 dígitos em várias redes sociais (milhões), é simpático, humilde e talentoso. Essa entrevista além de contar os casos engraçados de um cearense, filho de paraibanos, radicado em Belo Horizonte que faz sucesso em todo Brasil, busca momentos de um certo saudosismo ou emoção. Proximidade do entrevistado e entrevsitador Glauber Cunha esteve ao lado de Mário Alaska, nosso âncora, por anos em Belo Horizonte no grupo Os Comédia. Na nossa área da cozinha... Falando sobre alimentos e bebidas, vamos ver o que  Glauber acha do café especial. Nosso entrevistado experimentou o café com água tônica (fizemos uma pressca com grão mineiro) e ele gostou ou não? Casos de dona Sônia... Ou mãe do Glauber? Além disso, os casos dele com a mãe num resort, a inspiração pra Dona Sônia, um dia que Glauber teve que misturar outra bebida na cerveja artesanal pra dar conta de beber... Fora o cantil do carnaval de Salvador. ----------------------------------------------- GLAUBER CUNHA Instagram @glaubercunha Facebook Glauber Cunha Facebook  Youtube Glauber Cunha Tik Tok @glaubercunha

Capital
Capital Intereconomía. 06/09/2022

Capital

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 6, 2022 59:58


En la primera hora de Capital Intereconomía miramos en el primer análisis de la mañana a la actualidad económica y a los mercados financieros con Miguel Ángel Bernal, Profesor de la Fundación de Estudios Financieros y en La puntilla hablamos de ¿Cómo de importante es la tecnología en las finanzas? con Rocío Martínez Cunha, de Alveus Intesting. También miramos a la prensa económica, nacional e internacional para contar sus principales titulares.

Rádio Gaúcha
Presidente do SERGS - Sindicato dos Enfermeiros do RS - Cláudia Ribeiro da Cunha Franco - 05/09/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 5, 2022 12:53


Suspensa a lei que estabelece piso nacional da enfermagem

Handstandtalk
HANDSTANDTALK #227 - SERGIO CUNHA

Handstandtalk

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 2, 2022 51:57


SERGIO CUNHA - Militar de carreira, Pai, Licenciado em desporto Coach de Functional FItness, do mundo estético para o mundo funcional são dois passos, o Sergio tem conseguido juntar os dois mundos ao longo do seu percurso no fundo do Fitness, fica a conhecer a sua historia e percurso profissional. Segue o Sergio nas redes sociais: @sergiocunhajr @zfunctional PARCEIROS DO CANAL: DEUCE - https://www.deucefitness.eu/ PLAYGROUND STARS - https://www.playground-stars.com/ FITTEST EQUIPMENT - https://fittestequipment.com/

The Sustainability Story
Corporate Governance and Sustainability in Brazil

The Sustainability Story

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 31, 2022 37:39


We talk with Mauro Rodrigues da Cunha, Independent Director. Mauro has decades of experience in the corporate governance world, with a long history of fighting for better shareowner rights. We talk about the history of corporate governance and sustainability in Brazil, the upcoming Brazilian Presidential elections and how the climate crisis and the Amazon rainforest is viewed in Brazil. 

Predicas IBC
La gracia sea con todos ustedes - Ps. Pedro da Cunha

Predicas IBC

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 28, 2022 43:28


Predicado en el culto matutino del 28 de agosto del 2022 en la Iglesia Bautista Cristiana

Sarcasm City Podcast
CRISTIANO RONALDO FOR SALE? MATHEUS CUNHA TO UNITED? LOSS TO BRENTFORD - ManDem United Podcast

Sarcasm City Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 16, 2022 124:14


CRISTIANO RONALDO FOR SALE? MATHEUS CUNHA TO UNITED? LOSS TO BRENTFORD - ManDem United Podcast by Sarcasm City TV

Debate da Super Manhã
Menos trabalho pelo mesmo dinheiro!

Debate da Super Manhã

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 15, 2022 48:01


Debate da Super Manhã: A proposta de uma jornada de trabalho de quatro dias semanais já está sendo discutida no Brasil. Neste ano, por exemplo, já é uma das principais reivindicações da Campanha Nacional dos Bancários. No debate desta segunda-feira (15), o comunicador Wagner Gomes conversa com convidados sobre as adequações legais que seriam necessárias para essa mudança, os impactos que a medida poderia gerar na economia brasileira e outras transformações no mundo do trabalho. Participam, o Advogado Especialista em Direito do Trabalho, Geraldo Fonseca, a Mestra em Economia, Comércio Exterior e Relações Internacionais e Professora Universitária, Lytiene Rodrigues da Cunha, e o Especialista em inovação, fundador do primeiro laboratório de fabricação digital do Nordeste, o Fab Lab Recife, Edgar Andrade.

Porta 101
Rede social agora é só para vídeo?

Porta 101

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 15, 2022 53:18


O crescimento do TikTok balançou as estruturas do até então hegemônico Facebook. Quer dizer, da Meta. Nos últimos meses, o líder do Instagram, Adam Mosseri, teve de se pronunciar mais de uma vez sobre como a rede social está priorizando vídeo no lugar de fotos. A companhia está em uma sinuca de bico: por um lado, vê que é isso que a audiência mais consome. Por outro, não pode assumir a postura de uma plataforma que privilegia vídeos. É por isso que o programa de hoje está cheio de especialistas. Wagner Wakka conversa com os especialistas em social media Arielly Costa ex-Riot e Garena e atualmente é markting e community manager na desenvolvedora Rogue Snail), Natália Moreno (especialista em mídias sociais na África) e Léo Cunha (quem gere as redes sociais do Canaltech). Porta 101 é nosso programa semanal, publicado toda segunda em que a gente se aprofunda em um tema específico do universo da tecnologia. Entre em contato por: podcast@canaltech.com.br Entre no grupo de ofertas do Canaltech: http://canalte.ch/ofertas Conheça o Podcast Canaltech: https://open.spotify.com/show/4N529y6avmcwRFCxezff51 Deixe também uma avaliação no seu dispositivo que isso ajuda a gente para caramba. Este programa é um produto do Canaltech, com produção de Wagner Wakka, edição de Vicenzo Varin e coordenação de Mari Capetinga. Capa por Rafael Damini. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Strong Sense of Place
LoLT: The Most Remote Island in the World & New Books

Strong Sense of Place

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 5, 2022 4:09


In this episode, we get excited about two new book releases: 'Kismet' by Amina Akhtar and 'Alias Emma' by Ava Glass. Then we think about running away to Tristan da Cunha, the world's most remote inhabited island. BOOKS Kismet by Amina Akhtar https://bit.ly/3Bh1fUW Alias Emma by Ava Glass https://bit.ly/3RZ2TQT DISTRACTION OF THE WEEK Tristan da Cunha website https://bit.ly/3OuvKtj Atlas Obscura on Tristan da Cunha https://bit.ly/3or3mh8 Slate on Tristan da Cunha https://bit.ly/3b22wEq Wikipedia https://bit.ly/3S1PAiq Video: Life on Tristan da Cunha https://youtu.be/n4ElF8awm90 Video: A Day on Tristan da Cunha https://youtu.be/kgKYV5hplvM The Library of Lost Time is a Strong Sense of Place Production! https://strongsenseofplace.com Do you enjoy our show? Want access to fun bonus content? Please support our work on Patreon. Every little bit helps us keep the show going and makes us feel warm and fuzzy inside - https://www.patreon.com/strongsenseofplace As always, you can follow us at: Our web site at Strong Sense of Place Patreon Twitter  Instagram Facebook  

Rádio Gaúcha
Presidente do SERGS, Cláudia Ribeiro da Cunha Franco - 05/08/2022

Rádio Gaúcha

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 5, 2022 2:20


Presidente do SERGS - Sindicato dos Enfermeiros do Rio Grande do Sul, Cláudia Ribeiro da Cunha Franco Bolsonaro sanciona projeto que fixa piso salarial para enfermeiros, técnicos, auxiliares e parteiras

Living Your True Vibe
EP 49. The Power In Boundaries w Samantha Cunha

Living Your True Vibe

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 4, 2022 52:09


Boundaries = Self Worth In this guest episode we talk about:- Understanding your purpose- The importance of setting boundaries - Letting go of friends, relationships and old parts of you- Stepping into your power and purpose PART ONE WITH SAMANTHA: PAIN INTO PURPOSE: listen here! CONNECT WITH OUR GUEST: Samantha Cunha,Click here for Samantha's instagram Samantha's Tik tok CONNECT WITH ME YOUR HOST - Mary McMonagle:via instagram @marymc4www.truevibewellness.com READY TO LEARN ABOUT ENERGY: Become a certified reiki practitioner through my intuitive reiki practitioner program. To learn more connect with me on instagram or email (truevibewellness@gmail.com)

Rádiofobia Podcast Network
Vozes do Brasil 025 - Sérgio Cunha

Rádiofobia Podcast Network

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 30, 2022 68:04


Saudações, ouvinte apaixonado pelo rádio! Está NO AR o podcast VOZES DO BRASIL! Como parte do novo projeto ELES AJUDARAM A ESCREVER A HISTÓRIA DO RÁDIO NO BRASIL, começa a série que vai trazer as mais empolgantes entrevistas conduzidas por Luiz Fernando Magliocca com personalidades que muito fizeram pelo nosso querido veículo de comunicação, que completa 100 anos neste ano de 2022! Neste podcast você fica sabendo de muitos segredos dos bastidores do rádio que nem sempre chegam à boca do microfone. Hoje a vigésima quinta edição da série VOZES DO BRASIL traz um profissional da voz que também foi um grande executivo na área de esportes. Sua dedicação ao rádio ficou registrada nos prefixos por onde passou: Sérgio Cunha! Para seguir nas redes sociais:- Canal do YouTube do Luiz Fernando Magliocca- Instagram do @luizfernandomagliocca- Perfil do Luiz Fernando Magliocca no Facebook Assine o FEED do Vozes do Brasil:Para ouvir o Vozes do Brasil no seu agregador de podcasts preferido, clique aqui e assine o nosso FEED! Assine e avalie nosso podcast no iTunes:Se você usa o iTunes no seu computador, tablet ou smartphone, assine e avalie nosso podcast clicando aqui! Vozes do Brasil no Spotify:Caso prefira ouvir o Vozes do Brasil no Spotify, é só clicar aqui e assinar o nosso podcast no serviço de streaming! Publicidade:Entre em contato e saiba como anunciar sua marca, produto ou serviço em nossos podcasts.