En esta Ruta Internacional nos fuimos a Murcia, España. Las Ruteras tuvimos una amena conversación con Salva Gálvez, quien es abogado de profesión y se ha desempeñado como Coach y Facilitador de Programación Neurolingüística a nivel internacional. Es autor de los libros "Los panes y los peces" y "Donde tus pies te lleven". Su modelo de valorescencia se basa en el desarrollo de los valores esenciales y de siete fortalezas: plenitud, lugar de vida, atracción, confianza, equilibrio, beneficios y orden esencial. Invitado: Salva Gálvez Conducido por Rebeca Espinosa, Verónica Montenegro y Andel Nicasio. Conecta con Salva Gálvez: Instagram | https://www.instagram.com/salvagalvez7f/ Página de Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/salvagalvez7F Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/salvagalvez Canal de YouTube | https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2uOJCF8FMkvKhAHXcocOjw Página Web | https://salvagalvez.com/ Correo Electrónico | firstname.lastname@example.org ACERCA DE 3 RUTAS: Música: Oscar Almonte | https://www.instagram.com/oscaralmontofficial Arte gráfico: Analía Gómez | https://www.instagram.com/2zmusas Edición: Rebeca Espinosa | https://www.instagram.com/rebecaespinosareyes/ SÍGUENOS, COMUNÍCATE Y ÚNETE A LA COMUNIDAD DE 3 RUTAS: Enlace a nuestras plataformas | https://linktr.ee/3rutaspodcast Instagram | https://www.instagram.com/3rutaspodcast Facebook (GRUPO) | https://www.facebook.com/groups/3rutaspodcast Facebook (Página) | https://www.facebook.com/3rutaspodcast Twitter | https://twitter.com/3rutaspodcast YouTube | https://studio.youtube.com/channel/UCjyExNjF4UoRJexbDuAWL9w Gmail | email@example.com iTunes (Apple Podcast) | ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Agradecemos si nos dejas 5 estrellas y un comentario de lo que más te gustó y/o aportó a tu Ruta en iTunes/Apple Podcast.
Un FC Barcelona fallón y sin la pólvora de los últimos choques ligueros, consiguió llevarse una victoria importantísima de cara al campeonato liguero ante el Valencia CF.
Become part of the FnA Community, Join our Patron today: https://www.patreon.com/fnavanlife Find Salva and Tunco Life here: https://tuncolife.com/ and on Instagram here: https://www.instagram.com/tuncolife/ When we crossed the border into El Salvador, we weren't sure what to expect. But after linking up with Salva, we've seen and learned more about this amazing country that we could have imagined. Today we're sharing what it's like to live in a van in El Salvador and what this leg of the Pan American Highway is really like. Sign up for Nomadic Health Insurance here: https://safetywing.com/nomad-insurance/?referenceID=fnavanlife&utm_source=fnavanlife&utm_medium=Ambassador Pick up your copy of the Van Life Book: https://www.amzn.to/2MAN2uL Join Sekr for FREE and start exploring: https://sekr.com/auth?ref=qL1u4cr80yY5NJTd6B1ZXdtFNO72&email=true&type=sign-up Our YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/fnavanlife #vanlife #fnavanlife #vanlifers #travel Don't forget to leave a review to get featured in next week's episode! To pick up any of the products we talked about in today's video, check out our Amazon Store: https://www.amazon.com/shop/fnavanlife all links are affiliates so we get a small kickback from Amazon but your price stays the same. --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/fnavanlife/support
En Palabras Mayores del 20 de octubre de 2022, Carlos Antonio Vélez se refirió a la situación que vive actualmente en Barcelona y a lo que dejó la derrota de Millonarios en El Campín, esta vez frente al Deportivo Pereira.
Especial Espacial de ELON + PARSEC Especial Espacial de ELON + PARSEC grabado durante las JPOD de 2022 en Madrid. Estamos los habituales en ELON: Alex y Matías, pero con Javier Atapuerca, el tío con estudios que sabe distinguir una órbita solar de un solar desorbitado, que acompaña a Matías en PARSEC. El origen de PARSEC Nos hace ilusión este episodio doble porque Alex es la Celestina de PARSEC El hilo de Urano y Neptuno (21/06/2020) https://twitter.com/JaviAtapu/status/1274467205015617537 Starlink y Ucrania https://edition.cnn.com/2022/10/13/politics/elon-musk-spacex-starlink-ukraine/index.html https://es.gizmodo.com/elon-musk-dice-ahora-que-financiara-gratis-al-gobierno-1849665672 Denis Tito a la Luna Denis Tito, que ya fue el primer turista espacial en la ISS con los rusos. La ISS se le queda pequeña. https://arstechnica.com/science/2022/10/spacex-announces-a-second-private-flight-to-the-moon-aboard-starship/ Vulcan y los BE4 United Launch Alliance (ULA) recibe el primer BE-4 para el Vulcan https://twitter.com/torybruno/status/1580014463318601728 Pero el primer lanzamiento se retrasa, por petición del cliente, aparentemente (una sonda lunar) https://actualidadaeroespacial.com/ula-retrasa-el-lanzamiento-inicial-de-su-cohete-vulcano-al-ano-proximo/ Starship 24 + Booster 7 otra vez apilados https://twitter.com/SpaceX/status/1580065366377525249 https://twitter.com/Thom_astro/status/1580255470853312513 Repasar precios https://twitter.com/SpaceX/status/1580294743749107713 Retorno de la Crew Dragon 4 https://twitter.com/NASASpaceflight/status/1580953971685933062 Un Falcon 9 lanzará un aterrizador Japonés El HAKUTO-R Mission 1 será lanzado en un Falcon 9, entre el 9 y el 15 de noviembre (será su ventana de lanzamiento, supongo) https://twitter.com/jeff_foust/status/1580184495906775040?s=52&t=A450To7V-8qpfZ-Th-QeVQ ELON está presentado por Matías S. Zavia (@matiass) y Álex Barredo (@somospostpc). Su tema original está compuesto por Nahúm García (@nahum). — Alojado en Cuonda (@cuonda)
Evangelho de Jesus Cristo segundo Lucas 12,8-12 Naquele tempo, disse Jesus aos seus discípulos: Todo aquele que der testemunho de mim diante dos homens, o Filho do Homem também dará testemunho dele diante dos anjos de Deus. Mas aquele que me renegar diante dos homens, será negado diante dos anjos de Deus. Todo aquele que disser alguma coisa contra o Filho do Homem será perdoado. Mas quem blasfemar contra o Espírito Santo não será perdoado. Quando vos conduzirem diante das sinagogas, magistrados e autoridades, não fiqueis preocupados como ou com que vos defendereis, ou com o que direis. Pois nessa hora o Espírito Santo vos ensinará o que deveis dizer.' Palavra da Salvação.
Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo segundo Lucas 10,1-9 Naquele tempo, o Senhor escolheu outros setenta e dois discípulos e os enviou dois a dois, na sua frente, a toda cidade e lugar aonde ele próprio devia ir. E dizia-lhes: "A messe é grande, mas os trabalhadores são poucos. Por isso, pedi ao dono da messe que mande trabalhadores para a colheita. Eis que vos envio como cordeiros para o meio de lobos. Não leveis bolsa, nem sacola, nem sandálias, e não cumprimenteis ninguém pelo caminho! Em qualquer casa em que entrardes, dizei primeiro: 'A paz esteja nesta casa!' Se ali morar um amigo da paz, a vossa paz repousará sobre ele; se não, ela voltará para vós. Permanecei naquela mesma casa, comei e bebei do que tiverem, porque o trabalhador merece o seu salário. Não passeis de casa em casa. Quando entrardes numa cidade e fordes bem recebidos, comei do que vos servirem, curai os doentes que nela houver e dizei ao povo: 'O Reino de Deus está próximo de vós' ". Palavra da Salvação.
Tras no alcanzar los votos para pedir la pena de muerte para Nikolas Cruz, este jueves un jurado estadounidense solicitó en Florida la cadena perpetua sin posibilidad de libertad condicional para el joven que disparó y mató a 17 personas en su antigua escuela secundaria en Parkland, cargos por los que se declaró culpable en 2021.
Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo segundo Lucas 12,13-21 Naquele tempo, alguém, do meio da multidão, disse a Jesus: "Mestre, dize ao meu irmão que reparta a herança comigo". Jesus respondeu: "Homem, quem me encarregou de julgar ou de dividir vossos bens?" E disse-lhes: "Atenção! Tomai cuidado contra todo tipo de ganância, porque, mesmo que alguém tenha muitas coisas, a vida de um homem não consiste na abundância de bens". E contou-lhes uma parábola: "A terra de um homem rico deu uma grande colheita. Ele pensava consigo mesmo: 'O que vou fazer? Não tenho onde guardar minha colheita'. Então resolveu: 'Já sei o que fazer! Vou derrubar meus celeiros e construir maiores; neles vou guardar todo o meu trigo, junto com os meus bens. Então poderei dizer a mim mesmo: Meu caro, tu tens uma boa reserva para muitos anos. Descansa, come, bebe, aproveita!' Mas Deus lhe disse: 'Louco! Ainda nesta noite, pedirão de volta a tua vida. E para quem ficará o que tu acumulaste?' Assim acontece com quem ajunta tesouros para si mesmo, mas não é rico diante de Deus". Palavra da Salvação.
Listen to Lenny's pod: https://www.listennotes.com/podcasts/lennys-podcast/the-role-of-ai-in-new-wOqPsa5VyW0/ starts at 10minsOege de Moor: https://www.linkedin.com/in/oegedemoor/Codex paper: https://overcast.fm/+xs-qU9hPo/05:09
Hoy entrevistamos al presidente de la Federació de Futbol de la Comunitat Valenciana, Salva Gomar, respecto al primer Congreso de Regional Preferente que se celebrará el próximo 12 de octubre y que definirá el futuro de la categoría para los próximos años.
Peñarol perdió el apertura e intermedio. Fracasó en Libertadores y ni siquiera pasó a Sudamericana, fue vapuleado en el último clásico y está lejos en el Clausura y la Anual. Ahora está en semifinales de Copa AUF Uruguay y puede reivindicarse con su público, ¿lo logrará? No te perdás el mejor análisis del fútbol uruguayo con Sergio Gorzy en "futvox Uruguay". Un podcast exclusivo de futvox. Encontranos acá: Twitter: @FutvoxOficialInstagram: @futvoxoficialTikTok: @futvoxoficialFacebook: @futvoxoficialSee omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Mariana Guzmán y Alejandro Villegas comentan lo más destacado del triunfo 1-0 del FC Barcelona ante el Celta de Vigo que le permite al Barça permanecer en la punta de LaLiga de cara al Clásico contra el Real Madrid. Lo que preocupa, las opciones de Xavi de cara al duelo vital ante el Inter de Milán, y lo que dejó la Asamblea de Socios del equipo, en este episodio de ADN Barça Podcast.
Primeira Leitura (2Rs 5,14-17) Leitura do Segundo Livro dos Reis: Naqueles dias, 14Naamã, o sírio, desceu e mergulhou sete vezes no Jordão, conforme o homem de Deus tinha mandado, e sua carne tornou-se semelhante à de uma criancinha, e ele ficou purificado. 15Em seguida, voltou com toda a sua comitiva para junto do homem de Deus. Ao chegar, apresentou-se diante dele e disse: “Agora estou convencido de que não há outro Deus em toda a terra, senão o que há em Israel! Por favor, aceita um presente de mim, teu servo”. 16Eliseu respondeu: “Pela vida do Senhor, a quem sirvo, nada aceitarei”. E, por mais que Naamã insistisse, ficou firme na recusa. 17Naamã disse então: “Seja como queres. Mas permite que teu servo leve daqui a terra que dois jumentos podem carregar. Pois teu servo já não oferecerá holocausto ou sacrifício a outros deuses, mas somente ao Senhor”. - Palavra do Senhor. - Graças a Deus. Responsório Sl 97(98),1.2-3ab.3cd-4 (R. cf. 2b) — O Senhor fez conhecer a salvação/ e às nações revelou sua justiça. — O Senhor fez conhecer a salvação/ e às nações revelou sua justiça. — Cantai ao Senhor Deus um canto novo,/ porque ele fez prodígios!/ Sua mão e o seu braço forte e santo/ alcançaram-lhe a vitória. — O Senhor fez conhecer a salvação,/ e às nações, sua justiça;/ recordou o seu amor sempre fiel/ pela casa de Israel. — Os confins do universo contemplaram/ a salvação do nosso Deus./ Aclamai o Senhor Deus, ó terra inteira,/ alegrai-vos e exultai! Segunda Leitura (2Tm 2,8-13) Leitura da Segunda Carta de São Paulo a Timóteo: Caríssimo: 8Lembra-te de Jesus Cristo, da descendência de Davi, ressuscitado dentre os mortos, segundo o meu evangelho. 9Por ele, eu estou sofrendo até às algemas, como se eu fosse um malfeitor; mas a palavra de Deus não está algemada. 10Por isso suporto qualquer coisa pelos eleitos, para que eles também alcancem a salvação, que está em Cristo Jesus, com a glória eterna. 11Merece fé esta palavra: se com ele morremos, com ele viveremos. 12Se com ele ficamos firmes, com ele reinaremos. Se nós o negamos, também ele nos negará. 13Se lhe somos infiéis, ele permanece fiel, pois não pode negar-se a si mesmo. - Palavra do Senhor. - Graças a Deus. Anúncio do Evangelho (Lc 17,11-19) — Aleluia, aleluia, aleluia. — Em tudo dai graças, pois esta é a vontade de Deus convosco em Cristo Jesus (1Ts 5,18) — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo + segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. 11Aconteceu que, caminhando para Jerusalém, Jesus passava entre a Samaria e a Galileia. 12Quando estava para entrar num povoado, dez leprosos vieram ao seu encontro. Pararam à distância, 13e gritaram: “Jesus, Mestre, tem compaixão de nós!” 14Ao vê-los, Jesus disse: “Ide apresentar-vos aos sacerdotes”. Enquanto caminhavam, aconteceu que ficaram curados. 15Um deles, ao perceber que estava curado, voltou glorificando a Deus em alta voz; 16atirou-se aos pés de Jesus, com o rosto por terra, e lhe agradeceu. E este era um samaritano. 17Então Jesus lhe perguntou: “Não foram dez os curados? E os outros nove, onde estão? 18Não houve quem voltasse para dar glória a Deus, a não ser este estrangeiro?” 19E disse-lhe: “Levanta-te e vai! Tua fé te salvou”. — Palavra da Salvação. — Glória a vós, Senhor.
Evangelho (Lc 11,27-28) — Aleluia, aleluia, aleluia. — Feliz quem ouve e observa a Palavra de Deus! (Lc 11,28) — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo + segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. Naquele tempo, 27enquanto Jesus falava, uma mulher levantou a voz no meio da multidão e lhe disse: “Feliz o ventre que te trouxe e os seios que te amamentaram”. 28Jesus respondeu: “Muito mais felizes são aqueles que ouvem a Palavra de Deus e a põem em prática”. — Palavra da Salvação. — Glória a vós, Senhor.
Setenta años después de la desaparición del quebrantahuesos de la sierra de Gredos, una joven pareja vuelve a volar libre por los cielos de este sistema montañoso. Son Risco y Galana, dos ejemplares de este ave necrófaga que viven ahora en estos cielos, aunque nacieron en los Pirineos. La Fundación para la Conservación del Quebrantahuesos (FCQ) ha logrado salvarlos de la extinción, pero su historia no acaba cuando vuelan libres. Manuel Planelles, que ha pasado más de medio año siguiendo el paso a paso de este proyecto, regresa al risco donde se abrió la jaula de Risco y Galana para descubrir cómo se devuelve la patria a una especie que lleva más de 500.000 años en la Península y a la que el ser humano ha llevado al límite de su desaparición en Europa. CRÉDITOS Realizado por Bárbara Ayuso y Manuel Planelles Presentadora Ana Fuentes Dirección Silvia Cruz Lapeña Edición Ana Ribera Diseño de sonido Nacho Taboada Sintonía Jorge Magaz PARA LEER: El quebrantahuesos reconquista los cielos: https://elpais.com/clima-y-medio-ambiente/2022-07-28/el-quebrantahuesos-reconquista-los-cielos.html
O Paddockast busca entender as raízes de uma temporada 2022 da Fórmula 1 que, sejamos honestos, flopou, diriam os jovens. Não é exatamente uma novidade, a categoria viveu alguns anos recentes mais modorrentos, mas 2022 parece realmente que não engrena. Com Max Verstappen virtual campeão desde muito cedo no ano, nem mesmo as corridas estão empolgando. Como explicar, por exemplo, o GP de Singapura, que teve um monte de abandonos, confusão, favoritos errando muito e, mesmo assim, não caiu nas graças do público? É o tema da semana do podcast do GRANDE PRÊMIO. O programa tem Gabriel Curty no comando, com João Pedro Nascimento e Pedro Henrique Marum nos comentários, com produção de Pedro Prado e da Central 3.
Former Nole greats Kez McCorvey and Mark Salva join Pat Burnham and Ariya Massoudi to break down in detail how Wake Forest knocked off FSU. Where can the Noles improve? How to manage the rest of the season? All that and a quick preview of NC State, as well as stories from their days playing the Wolfpack in Raleigh. An incredible episode!
La MVZ Karla Corral, nos cuenta el caso de Maki, la perrita cuyo destino era la eutanasia y cómo a través del tratamiento, logró que volviera a caminar. Los cachorros son un deleite pero también una enorme responsabilidad.
Primeira Leitura (Hab 1,2-3;2,2-4) Leitura da Profecia de Habacuc: 2Senhor, até quando chamarei, sem me atenderes? Até quando devo gritar a ti: “Violência!”, sem me socorreres?3Por que me fazes ver iniquidades, quando tu mesmo vês a maldade? Destruições e prepotência estão à minha frente; reina a discussão, surge a discórdia. 2,2Respondeu-me o Senhor, dizendo: “Escreve esta visão, estende seus dizeres sobre tábuas, para que possa ser lida com facilidade. 3A visão refere-se a um prazo definido, mas tende para um desfecho, e não falhará; se demorar, espera, pois ela virá com certeza, e não tardará. 4Quem não é correto, vai morrer, mas o justo viverá por sua fé”. - Palavra do Senhor. - Graças a Deus. Responsório (Sl 94) — Não fecheis o coração; ouvi vosso Deus! — Não fecheis o coração; ouvi vosso Deus! — Vinde, exultemos de alegria no Senhor,/ aclamemos o Rochedo que nos salva!/ Ao seu encontro caminhemos com louvores,/ e com cantos de alegria o celebremos! — Vinde, adoremos e prostremo-nos por terra,/ e ajoelhemos ante o Deus que nos criou!/ Porque ele é o nosso Deus, nosso Pastor,/ e nós somos o seu povo e seu rebanho,/ as ovelhas que conduz com sua mão. — Oxalá ouvísseis hoje a sua voz:/ “Não fecheis os corações como em Meriba,/ como em Massa, no deserto, aquele dia,/ em que outrora vossos pais me provocaram,/ apesar de terem visto as minhas obras”. Segunda Leitura (2Tm 1,6-8.13-14) Leitura da Segunda Carta de São Paulo a Timóteo: Caríssimo: 6Exorto-te a reavivar a chama do dom de Deus que recebeste pela imposição das minhas mãos. 7Pois Deus não nos deu um espírito de timidez, mas de fortaleza, de amor e sobriedade. 8Não te envergonhes do testemunho de Nosso Senhor nem de mim, seu prisioneiro, mas sofre comigo pelo Evangelho, fortificado pelo poder de Deus. 13Usa um compêndio das palavras sadias que de mim ouviste em matéria de fé e de amor em Cristo Jesus. 14Guarda o precioso depósito, com a ajuda do Espírito Santo, que habita em nós. - Palavra do Senhor. - Graças a Deus. Anúncio do Evangelho (Lc 17,5-10) — Aleluia, Aleluia, Aleluia. — A Palavra do Senhor permanece para sempre; e esta é a Palavra que vos foi anunciada (1Pd 1,25) — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo + segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. Naquele tempo, 5os apóstolos disseram ao Senhor: “Aumenta a nossa fé!” 6O Senhor respondeu: “Se vós tivésseis fé, mesmo pequena como um grão de mostarda, poderíeis dizer a esta amoreira: ‘Arranca-te daqui e planta-te no mar', e ela vos obedeceria. 7Se algum de vós tem um empregado que trabalha a terra ou cuida dos animais, por acaso vai dizer-lhe, quando ele volta do campo: ‘Vem depressa para a mesa?' 8Pelo contrário, não vai dizer ao empregado: ‘Prepara-me o jantar, cinge-te e serve-me, enquanto eu como e bebo; depois disso tu poderás comer e beber?' 9Será que vai agradecer ao empregado, porque fez o que lhe havia mandado? 10Assim também vós: quando tiverdes feito tudo o que vos mandaram, dizei: ‘Somos servos inúteis; fizemos o que devíamos fazer'”. — Palavra da Salvação. — Glória a vós, Senhor.
Evangelho (Lc 10,17-24) — O Senhor esteja convosco. — Ele está no meio de nós. — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo + segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. Naquele tempo, 17os setenta e dois voltaram muito contentes, dizendo: “Senhor, até os demônios nos obedeceram por causa do teu nome”. 18Jesus respondeu: “Eu vi Satanás cair do céu, como um relâmpago. 19Eu vos dei o poder de pisar em cima de cobras e escorpiões e sobre toda a força do inimigo. E nada vos poderá fazer mal. 20Contudo, não vos alegreis porque os espíritos vos obedecem. Antes, ficai alegres porque vossos nomes estão escritos no céu”. 21Naquele momento, Jesus exultou no Espírito Santo e disse: “Eu te louvo, Pai, Senhor do céu e da terra, porque escondeste essas coisas aos sábios e inteligentes, e as revelaste aos pequeninos. Sim, Pai, porque assim foi do teu agrado. 22Tudo me foi entregue pelo meu Pai. Ninguém conhece quem é o Filho, a não ser o Pai; e ninguém conhece quem é o Pai, a não ser o Filho e aquele a quem o Filho o quiser revelar”. 23Jesus voltou-se para os discípulos e disse-lhes em particular: “Felizes os olhos que veem o que vós vedes! 24Pois eu vos digo que muitos profetas e reis quiseram ver o que estais vendo, e não puderam ver; quiseram ouvir o que estais ouvindo, e não puderam ouvir”. — Palavra da Salvação. — Glória a vós, Senhor.
Dr. Salva reflects on holding our nSewcomers in high regard and teach them what to day when they don't know what to say. Language is not a cognitive issue. We need this important strategy so that everyone can be included and participate. But some things can go wrong when they don't speak the target language yet.
WINEderfulWoMen este un proiect care vrea să pună în valoare oameni frumoși, ale căror amprente în industrii în care muncesc sunt valoroase, pentru că, contribuie la crearea de comunități, de trenduri, de inovație și de calitate. Așadar, începem cu industria vinului, aparent o industrie masculină, în care la greu sunt promovați bărbații, dar în care avem femei minunate, care fac muncă tehnologică, de laborator, de marketing. Femei care promovează vinul, care contribuie la creare de politici și contexte valoroase pentru această industrie, sau din industrii conexte, precum HoReCa sau cea a evenimentelor. Primul sezon, dedicat acestei industrii, va scoate în față femei mai mult sau mai puțin cunoscute, antreprenoare sau promotoare de vin, dar care pot să creeze curente de shcimbare în jurul lor. În primul episode o descoperim pe Vlada Balica-Vutcarău, creatoarea brand-ului de vinuri ATU Winery, prima vinărie urbană din Moldova, tot ea directoarea unei companii de reciclare a deșeurilor. Descoperiți care este vinul pentru care Vlada l-a ales pe soțul ei, cum vrea Vlada să serveze planeta de deșeuri, judecăți despre viață și frici, soiul de struguri Gewürztraminer sectele Vladei, cât de mult valorează vinul din sticlă vs ambalajul și povestea Min. 2.30 – 7.30 De ce ATU a ajuns să se numească așa și care este ATU-ul familiei Vutcarău Min. 10.30 – 12.00 Cum „au zburat” oamenii din sistem pentru că Min. 13.05 – 15.05 Relația cu sora. Cine e fata șmecheră dintre ele două. Min. 18.15 Cine este șeful la vinărie? Min. 40.00 Cum educă copii atunci când are liber între vinărie și reciclare Min. 46.30 Provocarea celui de-al doilea copil între bucurie și verdictul medicilor Min 55.00 Competiția după medalii pentru vin Min. 1:10:00 Cele mai mari frici și curajul de a le învinge Partenerul Sezonului #1: USAID Moldova Co-creator de conținut: Agora.md Producătoare: Natalia Efros Pe Natalia o găsești pe: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/natalita.efros/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/efrosnatalia/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/efrosnatalia LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/natalia-efros-a073a21a/
Salmo Responsorial (Sl 145) — Bendize, minha alma, e louva ao Senhor! — Bendize, minha alma, e louva ao Senhor! — O Senhor é fiel para sempre,/ faz justiça aos que são oprimidos;/ ele dá alimento aos famintos,/ é o Senhor quem liberta os cativos. — O Senhor abre os olhos aos cegos,/ o Senhor faz erguer-se o caído;/ o Senhor ama aquele que é justo./ É o Senhor quem protege o estrangeiro. — Ele ampara a viúva e o órfão,/ mas confunde o caminho dos maus./ O Senhor reinará para sempre!/ Ó Sião, o teu Deus reinará/ para sempre e por todos os séculos! Segunda Leitura (1Tm 6,11-16) Leitura da Primeira Carta de São Paulo a Timóteo: 11Tu, que és um homem de Deus, foge das coisas perversas, procura a justiça, a piedade, a fé, o amor, a firmeza, a mansidão. 12Combate o bom combate da fé, conquista a vida eterna, para a qual foste chamado e pela qual fizeste tua nobre profissão de fé diante de muitas testemunhas. 13Diante de Deus, que dá a vida a todas as coisas, e de Cristo Jesus, que deu o bom testemunho da verdade perante Pôncio Pilatos, eu te ordeno: 14guarda o teu mandato íntegro e sem mancha até a manifestação gloriosa de nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo. 15Esta manifestação será feita no tempo oportuno pelo bendito e único Soberano, o Rei dos reis e Senhor dos senhores, 16o único que possui a imortalidade e que habita numa luz inacessível, que nenhum homem viu, nem pode ver. A ele, honra e poder eterno. Amém. - Palavra do Senhor. - Graças a Deus. Anúncio do Evangelho (Lc 16,19-31) — O Senhor esteja convosco. — Ele está no meio de nós. — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo † segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. Naquele tempo, Jesus disse aos fariseus: 19“Havia um homem rico, que se vestia com roupas finas e elegantes e fazia festas esplêndidas todos os dias.20Um pobre, chamado Lázaro, cheio de feridas, estava no chão, à porta do rico. 21Ele queria matar a fome com as sobras que caíam da mesa do rico. E, além disso, vinham os cachorros lamber suas feridas.22Quando o pobre morreu, os anjos levaram-no para junto de Abraão. Morreu também o rico e foi enterrado.23Na região dos mortos, no meio dos tormentos, o rico levantou os olhos e viu de longe a Abraão, com Lázaro ao seu lado.24Então gritou: ‘Pai Abraão, tem piedade de mim! Manda Lázaro molhar a ponta do dedo para me refrescar a língua, porque sofro muito nestas chamas'.25Mas Abraão respondeu: ‘Filho, lembra-te que tu recebeste teus bens durante a vida e Lázaro, por sua vez, os males. Agora, porém, ele encontra aqui consolo e tu és atormentado.26E, além disso, há um grande abismo entre nós; por mais que alguém desejasse, não poderia passar daqui para junto de vós, e nem os daí poderiam atravessar até nós'.27O rico insistiu: ‘Pai, eu te suplico, manda Lázaro à casa do meu pai, 28porque eu tenho cinco irmãos. Manda preveni-los, para que não venham também eles para este lugar de tormento'.29Mas Abraão respondeu: ‘Eles têm Moisés e os Profetas, que os escutem!'30O rico insistiu: ‘Não, Pai Abraão, mas se um dos mortos for até eles, certamente vão se converter'.31Mas Abraão lhe disse: ‘Se não escutam a Moisés, nem aos Profetas, eles não acreditarão, mesmo que alguém ressuscite dos mortos'”.— Palavra da Salvação.— Glória a vós, Senhor.
Evangelho (Lc 9,43b-45) — O Senhor esteja convosco. — Ele está no meio de nós. — Proclamação do Evangelho de Jesus Cristo + segundo Lucas. — Glória a vós, Senhor. Naquele tempo, 43btodos estavam admirados com todas as coisas que Jesus fazia. Então Jesus disse a seus discípulos: 44“Prestai bem atenção às palavras que vou dizer: O Filho do Homem vai ser entregue nas mãos dos homens”. 45Mas os discípulos não compreendiam o que Jesus dizia. O sentido lhes ficava escondido, de modo que não podiam entender; e eles tinham medo de fazer perguntas sobre o assunto. — Palavra da Salvação. — Glória a vós, Senhor.
Como cada semana, Jordi Wild y sus tertulianos comentan las noticias más interesantes de los últimos días. Esta semana es muy especial porque Rosa, la mujer de Salva y una de las grandes incógnitas del podcast, llega a The Wild Project para dejar las cosas claras de un vez por todas, después de meses de ataques constantes por parte de Albert... Además comentarán la polémica de La Sirenita negra; La filtración más grande de la historia de los videojuegos con GTA 6 como damnificado; Los comentarios deleznables de Jabu a Mayichi que han provocado su expulsión de Tortillaland 2; Nuevos líos de Twitter; Los bailes de Vinicius... y mucho más. ¡No te lo pierdas! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
https://www.gofundme.com/we-r-their-voiceWe 'R' their voiceMy name is Nathan Forrest Winters; I am a child sex abuse survivor. Best known for my role as Casey, in the 1987 horror film ‘Clownhouse' written and directed by Victor Salva. Salva is known best for his films ‘powder' and the ‘Jeepers Creepers' series and being the man that sexually abused me for six years of my childhood. Towards the end of '87 Salva was convicted of 5 counts of child molestation and sentenced to three years, of which he served a mere eighteen months at a treatment center in Napa valley California. It's now been three decades since Salva was convicted and sentenced. It was then at the age 12 that my journey and search for healing began. At 20 I found my voice as a survivor. My intention was and still remains to raise awareness and to educate. To shed light onto these darkest of crimes and to be a living example of proof that there is in fact healing to be found in the wake of abuse. To help others to find their strength, courage and their voice. I am currently in production of a documentary entitled ‘Pure Eternus: The Babysitter'. Directed by Connar Frazier,'Babysitter' tells the story of my journey from victim to survivor. I also am fulfilling a dream of mine by writing all the music for the film. I am also in the grassroots stages of starting a non-profit organization called ‘we R their voice' as well as booking venues for my ‘Raised Awareness' speaking tour I plan to launch by spring of next year. So I am quite busy but ecstatic to have such an awesome amount of support and such a willingness to help me see my dreams of doing my part to make this world safer and to expose these predators of our children become a reality. I am proud to be a part of the solution. To be the voice for our children who virtually have none in our judicial system. to bring this epidemic out into the forefront. We as a whole in this country have been too afraid to face such an unspeakable topic and continue to turn a blind eye. This has allowed these predators of our children to go unchecked for too long. Just a few of many disturbing facts is that every 98 seconds an American is sexually assaulted. Every 8 minutes that victim is a child. Meanwhile only 6 out of every 1,000 perpetrators is convicted. By donating you are making all of this possible; funds go towards establishing a nonprofit, the ‘Raised Awareness' speaking, And assisting Nathan with making this world a safer place.
https://www.gofundme.com/we-r-their-voice We 'R' their voice My name is Nathan Forrest Winters; I am a child sex abuse survivor. Best known for my role as Casey, in the 1987 horror film ‘Clownhouse' written and directed by Victor Salva. Salva is known best for his films ‘powder' and the ‘Jeepers Creepers' series and being the man that sexually abused me for six years of my childhood. Towards the end of '87 Salva was convicted of 5 counts of child molestation and sentenced to three years, of which he served a mere eighteen months at a treatment center in Napa valley California. It's now been three decades since Salva was convicted and sentenced. It was then at the age 12 that my journey and search for healing began. At 20 I found my voice as a survivor. My intention was and still remains to raise awareness and to educate. To shed light onto these darkest of crimes and to be a living example of proof that there is in fact healing to be found in the wake of abuse. To help others to find their strength, courage and their voice. I am currently in production of a documentary entitled ‘Pure Eternus: The Babysitter'. Directed by Connar Frazier,'Babysitter' tells the story of my journey from victim to survivor. I also am fulfilling a dream of mine by writing all the music for the film. I am also in the grassroots stages of starting a non-profit organization called ‘we R their voice' as well as booking venues for my ‘Raised Awareness' speaking tour I plan to launch by spring of next year. So I am quite busy but ecstatic to have such an awesome amount of support and such a willingness to help me see my dreams of doing my part to make this world safer and to expose these predators of our children become a reality. I am proud to be a part of the solution. To be the voice for our children who virtually have none in our judicial system. to bring this epidemic out into the forefront. We as a whole in this country have been too afraid to face such an unspeakable topic and continue to turn a blind eye. This has allowed these predators of our children to go unchecked for too long. Just a few of many disturbing facts is that every 98 seconds an American is sexually assaulted. Every 8 minutes that victim is a child. Meanwhile only 6 out of every 1,000 perpetrators is convicted. By donating you are making all of this possible; funds go towards establishing a nonprofit, the ‘Raised Awareness' speaking, And assisting Nathan with making this world a safer place.
Tickets are now available for So Mote That Con '22: A virtual conference on living as a Witch as today's world on October 15-16, 2022!!! Get yours at the early-bird rate at this link! Are your social media feeds clogged with "OMG! Mercury in Retrograde!" memes? Fear not the Retrograde! Witch and Astrologer Lisa Jade returns to tell us why we have no need to worry about the plethora of Retrogrades coming up this fall. Discussion includes what you can do when there ARE problems during Retrogrades, and digressions include adventures in Montgomery, AL. Plus, Papa Hector Salva catches us up on what's been going on with him, including ceremonies post-Covid, and religious abuse from leaders AND followers. Both Lisa and Papa Hector give us sneak peeks of our classes at SMTC! A listener, who was adopted as a young child, wants to connect with their biological Ancestors, but isn't sure where to start. What are some best practices when you don't know your Ancestors, personally? On Patreon: Extended, ad-free version: Hey! We're Witches! We are not powerless...why do we think we are? The Magick when planets go direct, what forgiveness looks like for Witches, getting "unstuck" in Magick, and Magickal Farmstead work, plus the word we all HATE. Visit Jasmine Pearl Tea Company and treat yourself to a beautiful blend. Save 10% with coupon code WITCH2022! Show notes and audio transcript at thatwitchlife.com Support the podcast: patreon.com/thatwitchlife ko-fi.com/thatwitchlifepodcast etsy.com/shop/thatwitchlifepodcast
En este episodio Frank explica por qué el agua brinda tantos beneficios al organismo y menciona cuáles son las enfermedades que se adquieren comúnmente cuando no se ingiere en cantidades suficientes. En Estados Unidos hable al 1-888-348-7352 o visítenos online en https://us.naturalslim.com En Puerto Rico hable 1-787-763-2527 o visítenos en http://www.naturalslimstore.com En Europa hable al +3120-2296-300 o visítenos en https://www.naturalslim.eu En México hable al (55) 5256-1368 o visítenos en https://naturalslimmexico.com/ En República Dominicana hable al 1-809-956-0007 En Panamá hable al +507 396-6000 En Costa Rica hable al (506)2430-2010 En Colombia hable al (57-1) 7020928 Suscríbete a UNIMETAB aquí y permite que Frank te lleve de la mano paso a paso con los cursos digitales de Frank Suárez. Acceda https://www.unimetab.com/ Suscríbete a MetabolismoTV en Messenger para acceso a educación exclusiva por Frank en el tema del metabolismo: https://www.messenger.com/t/Metabolis... Para hacer su prueba de metabolismo gratis haga clic aquí: https://www.naturalslim.com/prueba-tu... Para ordenar el libro en uno de los países listados arriba a través de https://www.naturalslim.com a su distribuidor local quien le ayudará a obtenerlo o accede https://www.metabolismotvbooks.com Para acceso a libros digitales con membresía en todo el mundo acceda https://www.metabolismovip.com Sigue a Frank y MetabolismoTV en Facebook aquí: https://www.facebook.com/MetabolismoTV/ Accede al Blog de Preguntale a Frank en http://www.preguntaleafrank.com La información que se brinda en MetabolismoTV®️ tiene un propósito puramente educacional. No pretendemos diagnosticar, curar o de alguna otra forma sustituir la ayuda profesional de su médico, nutricionista, dietista u otro profesional de la salud cualificado. Usted siempre debe consultar con su médico antes de empezar a hacer cualquier cambio en su dieta muy en especial si está recibiendo tratamiento médico o utiliza medicamentos recetados.
Escuchamos las voces protagonistas del Barça - Viktoria Plzen y Atlético - Oporto. El Sanedrín analiza toda la actualidad del fútbol y charla con Nolito, nuevo jugador del Ibiza. Conocemos el estado de la lesión de Benzema, vemos cómo llegan Real Sociedad y Betis a la Europa League y el partido de España ante Turquía.
Rodolfo Tercero es un conferencista que tiene una gran experiencia en el mundo de las fiestas y antros. Usó todo ese potencial para crear conferencias enfocadas en adolescentes, con un concepto disruptivo. Crea una gran fiesta para atrapar la atención de los jóvenes y de esa manera los hace conscientes de los efectos negativos de la ingesta de alcohol a temprana edad. Suscribete y Visitanos en: www.RecetaDelExito.com Apple Podcast (iTunes): https://apple.co/2Igcnoh Listo para Crear tu Podcast? www.CursoDePodcastGratis.com Twitter Handle: @alexdalirizo Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/recetadelexito/ RDExito: http://recetadelexito.com Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/recetadelexito/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/alexdalirizo/ Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/s?fid=508313&refid=stpr Spotify: https://spoti.fi/3cmJqVs
Ryan J. Salva is the VP of Product at GitHub, where he led the incubation and launch of Copilot. Copilot uses OpenAI's ML engine to suggest code and entire functions in real time, right from your editor, and is changing the way we build software. Ryan is an experienced developer and product manager, with over a decade of experience working for Microsoft before moving to lead the GitHub product team. In today's episode, he shares how Copilot got its start, how it moved from prototype to live product, and how he structures R&D teams within larger companies. He also discusses the ethical questions surrounding AI use and how to build a successful product team, and shares the inside story of the development of Copilot.—Where to find Ryan J. Salva:• Twitter: https://twitter.com/ryanjsalva• LinkedIn : https://www.linkedin.com/in/ryanjsalva/• Website: http://www.ryanjsalva.com/—Where to find Lenny:• Newsletter: https://www.lennysnewsletter.com• Twitter: https://twitter.com/lennysan• LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lennyrachitsky/—Thank you to our wonderful sponsors for making this episode possible:• Amplitude: https://amplitude.com/• Athletic Greens: https://athleticgreens.com/lenny• Modern Treasury: https://www.moderntreasury.com/—Referenced:• GitHub Copilot: https://github.com/features/copilot• Make It So: Interaction Design Lessons from Science Fiction: https://www.amazon.com/Make-So-Interaction-Lessons-Science/dp/1933820985• Brief Interviews with Hideous Men: https://www.amazon.com/Brief-Interviews-Hideous-Foster-Wallace/dp/0316925195• The Memory Palace podcast: https://thememorypalace.us/• Arrival: https://www.hulu.com/movie/arrival-6ec67b11-b282-4383-85ac-38c4731b40e4• Oege De Moor's LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/oegedemoor/—In this episode, we cover:[04:39] Ryan's background and how he became involved in development[10:46] What is GitHub Copilot?[14:44] How GitHub Copilot can be utilized for education[17:46] How GitHub incorporated AI models with computer languages[27:24] Project horizons: delegating tasks based on confidence levels[30:39] How to put together a development team for “moonshots”[35:22] When and how to transition your R&D team smoothly[38:28] Dealing with ethical issues surrounding AI[44:40] The future of AI in development[48:48] Challenges with scaling Copilot[54:23] Allocating your energy as products scale[58:17] Lightning round —Production and marketing: https://penname.co/ Get full access to Lenny's Newsletter at www.lennysnewsletter.com/subscribe
El padre Ed Broom, OMV (Oblato de la Virgen María), cariñosamente conocido como el Padre Escobita, fue ordenado sacerdote por san Juan Pablo II en 1986. Es asistente del párroco en la Iglesia de San Pedro Chanel en Hawaiian Gardens (California). Allí imparte retiros, da los Ejercicios Espirituales de San Ignacio de Loyola. El Padre […] The post JESUS SANA Y SALVA appeared first on Padre Edward Broom, OMV (P.Escobita).
Pantuflitas y Papirrines, Estos dos últimos años han estado de locos! Una impresión de dinero impresionante, cierres de países por completo y sus economías, y también estamos llegando a la zona donde muchas fallas se han acumulado en el camino de salir adelante. Muchas de estas fallas incluyen la comida, energía, el dinero, y más! La Unión Europea acaba de anunciar que va a intervenir en el precio de la energía y la gente ya se siente más agusto. Yo no me la creo y esto fue lo que nadie me pregunto!
Hoy tengo una invitada muy especial. Su nombre es "Karen" y nos estará contando cómo el coaching de parejas ha beneficiado su matrimonio. ♥ SOLO FALTAN 4 días para que comience el programa de "COACHING DE MATRIMONIOS". Reserva tu espacio escribiendome a: firstname.lastname@example.org . Te ayudo a elevar tu relación y que logres tener un mejor entendimiento con tu cónyuge y una convivencia plena y feliz. Envíame tus preguntas y recomendaciones a: email@example.com ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Déjame tus 5 estrellas y un amable comentario en APPLE PODCAST. Este es el enlace directo: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/esposa-maravilla-podcast/id1458619026 ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐¡Ya puedes dejar tu valoración de 5 estrellas en SPOTIFY! Solo presiona este enlace. https://open.spotify.com/show/5XMyGK58VaumnbKgiSmJuv?si=cNCOH_R4QiCdIKnlhVErrg ¡Sígueme en mis redes sociales! Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/esposamaravillapodcast Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/esposamaravilla
Patreon... because you want to support our goofy asses www.patreon.com/accidentaldads So thank you to a beautiful and wonderful listener, we decided to do an addendum to our top police stings and follow it up with the top most dangerous mobs/gangs of all time. La Cosa Nostra One of the biggest threats to American civilization from organized crime is the Cosa Nostra, sometimes referred to as the "Mob" or the "Mafia," which sprang from the Sicilian Mafia. The term "La Cosa Nostra," used by the US government, and "Cosa Nostra" by its members literally translates to "this thing of ours" or "our thing." This international organization of criminals, made up of many "families," is committed to combating crime and defending its members. These organized and major racketeering activities are being carried out by these crime families or groups, which are connected by kinship or by conspiracy. A wide range of illicit activities, including as murder, extortion, drug trafficking, government corruption, gambling, infiltrating lawful enterprises, labor racketeering, loan sharking, prostitution, pornography, tax fraud schemes, and stock manipulation are also engaged in by them. The Cosa Nostra is most prevalent in the urban areas of New York City, New England, and portions of New Jersey, Philadelphia, Detroit, and Chicago. The Bonanno, Colombo, Gambino, Genovese, and Lucchese families are among the prominent ones in the New York City region. Sometimes, members and associates of one La Cosa Nostra family collaborate with members of other La Cosa Nostra families to carry out joint criminal activities. Within these families, members collaborate on "crews" that are commanded by a "capo" or "captain," who is in charge of overseeing his crew's illicit actions and offering them assistance and safety. The crews are made up of trusted outsiders known as "associates" and "made" members known as "soldiers." An associate must be of Italian heritage, have proven their capacity to make money for the Family, and have shown a willingness to use violence in order to become a "made member" of the Family. The three highest-ranking members who manage the Family are the Boss or Acting Boss, the Underboss, and the Consigliere, or advisor. Cosa Nostra has its origins in Italian organized crime, although it has existed as a distinct organization for a long time. It still collaborates with many criminal organizations with Italian headquarters today in a variety of illicit operations. Labor racketeering, in which it attempts to dominate, manage, and control a labor movement in order to have an impact on associated businesses and industries, is one of its main sources of income, power, and influence. Organized criminal organizations may profit greatly from labor unions, particularly their pension, welfare, and health funds. The mafia tries to regulate these schemes by giving businesses "sweetheart" contracts, cordial worker relations, and weak work regulations, or by manipulating union elections. Large cities like New York, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, and Philadelphia that have robust industrial bases and labor unions tend to be the epicenters of labor law infractions. Additionally, there are several organized criminal characters in these cities. Labor racketeering costs the American public millions of dollars annually through increased labor expenses that are ultimately passed on to consumers, according to many FBI investigations. In order to investigate potential violations of labor law, the FBI collaborates closely with other governmental organizations and uses methods such as electronic surveillance, covert operations, use of secret sources, and victim interviews. The passing of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 was the one event that helped more than anything else to deter organized crime. The agencies were able to work more effectively as a result of this action because they could target the entire corrupt organization rather than incarcerating individuals who might simply be replaced by other members or affiliates of organized crime. The first known Sicilian Mafia member to immigrate to the United States was Giuseppe Esposito. After assassinating 11 rich landowners, the chancellor and vice chancellor of a Sicilian province, and six other Sicilians, he escaped to New York. In 1881, he was detained in New Orleans, Louisiana, and then sent back to Italy. The nation's first significant Mafia event occurred in New Orleans. Police Superintendent David Hennessey of New Orleans was executed on October 15, 1890. Numerous Sicilians were detained, and 19 were ultimately charged with the crime. An acquittal spread allegations of widespread corruption and scared witnesses away. On March 14, 1891, a group of angry New Orleans residents formed a lynch mob and murdered 11 out of the 19 defendants. Eight managed to flee, nine were shot, and two were hanged. As different gangs gained and lost power throughout the years, the American Mafia changed. The Black Hand gangs in the early 1900s, the Five Points Gang in New York City in the 1910s and 1920s, and Al Capone's Syndicate in Chicago in the 1920s were a few of the earliest. The Italian Mafia factions started fighting during Prohibition for exclusive control of lucrative bootlegging networks. They struggled for dominance of bootlegging alongside Jewish and Irish ethnic gangs. By the conclusion of the decade, two Italian organizations were competing for dominance of the nation's criminal underworld. Joe Masseria, the head of the Genovese criminal family, oversaw one gang, while Salvatore Maranzano, who oversaw the Bonanno crime family, oversaw the other. The deadly Castellammarese War, which raged from February 1930 to April 15, 1931, was the result of the rivalry's escalation. When Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Masseria's senior soldier, and Salvatore Maranzano planned to have Masseria assassinated, the battle came to an end. Maranzano eventually rose to prominence as the nation's most powerful Mafia leader, referring to himself as "Boss of Bosses." Maranzano designed the organization's code of conduct, set the conflict resolution processes, and split New York City into five families. Charles "Lucky" Luciano was designated as the leader of the Genovese family, as it eventually came to be known. Maranzano's leadership position would, however, be transitory. Maranzano preferred to exclusively associate with Sicilians and upheld the traditions of the purported "Old World Mafia '' by refusing to cooperate with non-Italians. Younger Italian organized crime figures like Luciano believed that limiting their business dealings to Italians would restrict both the development of their individual careers and the possible expansion of their criminal empires. As long as there was money to be made, these men—known as the "Young Turks''—wanted to deal with Irish and Jewish gangsters. Marazano quickly saw Luciano as a threat and gave the order to kill him. On September 10, 1931, Marazano was murdered by a group of mobsters at his office in the New York Central Building when Luciano learned about the scheme. In order to prevent future Mafia battles, Lucky Luciano formed "The Commission," a coalition of five Mafia families of similar magnitude, with the aid of his lifelong buddy, Meyer Lansky. Vincent Mangano, Tommy Gagliano, Joseph Bonanno, and Joseph Profaci served as the commission's other leaders. After then, this panel made decisions about all organized criminal activity throughout the 1930s. The leaders of the Chicago Outfit and the Five Families of New York City reportedly still make up the Commission. The organized crime groups quickly diversified into new businesses after Prohibition ended in 1933 because they were unable to maintain the high profits they had made throughout the 1920s. These new businesses included labor racketeering through the control of labor unions, construction, loan sharking, extortion, protection rackets, sanitation, transportation, prostitution, and drug trafficking. In Las Vegas, Nevada's legal casinos by the 1950s, numerous Mafia leaders had made legitimate investments and were skimming money before it was recorded. It is assumed that the sum was in the hundreds of millions of dollars. For years, the Mafia operated in secrecy with little opposition from the law because local law enforcement authorities lacked the tools or expertise necessary to successfully confront organized crime perpetrated by a covert organization they were unaware even existed. It wasn't until 1951 that a U.S. Senate investigation concluded that this country was home to a "sinister criminal organization," subsequently known as La Cosa Nostra. Six years later, in the little upstate New York hamlet of Apalachin, The New York State Police discovered a gathering of important La Cosa Nostra officials from all across the nation. Numerous guests were taken into custody. The incident served as the impetus for altering how organized crime is combated by law enforcement. Joe Valachi, the first Mafia member to turn state's evidence in 1963, divulged extensive details about the organization's inner workings and trade secrets. After then, the National Crime Syndicate of the Mafia was aggressively attacked by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Although the Mafia came under additional pressure as a result, its illegal operations were not significantly reduced. However, the Nevada State Legislature's passage of a measure in 1969 that made it simpler for companies to run casinos caused the Mafia's power in the Las Vegas economy to start to decline. A year later, the RICO Act was approved by the US Congress, giving law enforcement extra power to go after the mafia for its criminal operations. By the start of the 1980s, the FBI had achieved success when it was able to free Las Vegas casinos from Mafia rule and made a concerted effort to weaken the Mafia's grip on labor unions. 23 mafia bosses from all throughout the country were found guilty of violating the RICO statute between 1981 and 1992. By 1990, almost 1000 members of criminal families had been found guilty. While many Mafia organizations around the nation were severely damaged, the most powerful families continued to control crime in their regions. The Mafia has persisted in engaging in a wide range of illicit operations into the twenty-first century, including extortion, government corruption, gambling, infiltration into lawful firms, labor racketeering, loan sharking, and more. Today, Chicago and the Northeast still account for the majority of its operations. La Cosa Nostra's organizational structure has not altered since the 1930s, and Cosa Nostra has operated for more than a century in a variety of guises. Camorra Mafia Now We talked about the American Mob, and we hear about them a lot, so let's talk about the True Italian Mafia, The Camorra. Due to that gang's effect on American organized crime, the term "Mafia" has come to symbolize all forms of organized crime in popular culture. However, that phrase is really the name of the organized criminal gang rooted in Sicily, according to Mafia historian Umberto Santino's study of Mafia and Mafia-type groups in Italy. The 'Ndrangheta, from Calabria, the Sacra Corona Unita, from Apulia, and the Camorra, from Campania, the area that includes the city of Naples, are further "Mafia-type" groups. The history of the Camorra is "particularly discontinuous," according to Santino. Despite having origins that may go as far back as 15th-century Spain, sources like Britannica claim that the organization first rose to prominence in the 19th century. Santino, however, claims that the organization's current form dates back to the late 1950s, when local criminal organizations in Campania started using the term "camorra." In the 1960s, these organizations expanded and became increasingly effective at smuggling cigarettes. In this decade, they also forged advantageous relationships with a number of Neapolitan Mafia factions, which in the 1970s led to the development of profitable black market drug trafficking. However, there is one key distinction between the Cosa Nostra, sometimes known as the Mafia, and the Camorra. While the Mafia has a top-down, pyramidal structure of authority, the Camorra has a more dispersed system of small organizations, or "clans," that hold power. The Camorra has found success with its organizational structure, and as a result, is currently more powerful than the Sicilian Mafia. According to Santino, the Camorra has 7,000 members spread throughout its 145 clans. The Camorra is the most prosperous and feared criminal gang in Italy thanks to its domination over the trafficking in narcotics including cocaine and heroin. The Independent published a story in 2006 about an Italian author named Roberto Saviano who wrote a book that revealed a few more details about the Camorra than the gang would have wanted. He had excellent reason to worry for his life. "This sprawling network of criminal gangs, according to [Saviano]," wrote reporter Peter Popham, "now dwarfs both the original Mafia of Sicily, the 'Ndrangheta and southern Italy's other organized gangs, in numbers, in economic power and in ruthless violence." The New York Times reported that Saviano's book Gomorra was a "literary sensation" that sold more than 500,000 copies, but it also resulted in death threats and compelled him to go into hiding because it depicted gang violence, drug trafficking, child soldiers, and other aspects of the Camorra's business that the gang would prefer to keep hidden from the outside world. Aspects like the rampant government corruption, which causes trash to pile up in the streets car-high, or the fact that the Camorra has killed much more people recently than the Sicilian Mafia and made Campania one of the most deadly regions in Europe. Sicily is where the Mafia that we know and admire today originated. They first appeared at some time in the late 19th century, and over the next 150 years or so, they expanded all over the world and became involved in just about everything. It has long been a mystery how this highly ordered system came to be, but new study from the University of Nottingham suggests that it all began with lemons. Sicily discovered they had the ideal mixture to develop a lucrative crop in the late 1800s. Despite having the greatest concentration of lemon trees in all of Italy, they also faced a particular set of issues. Lemon farmers eventually turned to hiring their own private protection firms to protect their investment and themselves because of factors such as a wealthy upper class that exploited the peasant class to the fullest, a glaring lack of public law enforcement, and a government that really wasn't keeping the peace. Add a few more elements now: Sicily's location on a key Mediterranean trade route, the rapidly expanding citrus industry, and the demand for private security forces to safeguard interests make it the ideal location for the Mafia to establish itself. Don Calo Vizzini was at the head of the Villalba Mafia during World War II, and he may have said it best. He was quoted by the University of Nottingham paper as saying, "In every society there has to be a category of people who straighten things out when situations get complicated. Usually they're functionaries of the state. Where the state is not present, or where it does not have sufficient force, this is done by private individuals." The roots of the Camorra have speculated that it originated from a secret 12th century organization of assassins. The Beati Paoli were a Sicilian group that originated in the 12th century; no one knows why they were given that name, although it's presumably religious in nature. The tale claims that they formed in response to the persecution of the aristocratic class, and the majority of what we know comes from Francesco Maria Emanuele, Marquis of Villabianca. They not only attracted each and everyone to their cause, but they also created a hierarchy akin to a royal court. From there, they set up security services, employed themselves as paid killers, and... well, secrets prevent us from knowing what else. Since they obviously had an underground hideout, we do know that it was accessible through the crypt of a Palermo church. There are even reports that the Camorra had a lot to do with helping the allies sabotage Mussollini in World War 2. Much information was originally written up as German control and sabotage during this time but many years after, with arrests of many members, documents were found that showed that the Camorra and other factions helped screw over Ol' Mussollini. Crips The Crips were only a social group, as one Original Gangster (OG) put it, and by most accounts, he is right (Kontos 99, 2003). While there are numerous uneven areas throughout the turbulent history of the Crips, there are also recurring themes. However, unlike the violent, frequently fatal incidents connected with the Crips, which are frequently portrayed with dramatic exaggeration, the genuine components of the narrative do not make for riveting television. Many OGs and gang members have voiced their shock and disappointment at how the Crips have been portrayed, while still admitting the group's flaws and its final transition from activism to gangsterism. Debra Addie Smith, a close friend of the founder of the Crips, once expressed that she “was wondering when someone was gonna finally tell the real story about the Crips”. The Black Panther movement was being dismantled by the police, who were making "mass arrests, incarcerations, and deaths of black teenagers by the police," which led to the formation of the Crips, a grassroots group mostly made up of African-Americans. The CRIPS (Community Resources for Independent People) emerged in South Central Los Angeles, California, in 1969 with a message of resistance and justice during a period of despair and pessimism within the black community, following the ultimate dissolution of the Black Panther movement. Raymond Washington, a "fearless and strong 5-foot-8 fireplug who liked to fight and detested guns," is credited with founding the gang. He finally distanced himself and was killed as the Crips started using guns and formed a feud with the Bloods. Stanley Tookie Williams met Raymond Lee Washington in 1969, and the two decided to unite their local gang members from the west and east sides of South Central Los Angeles in order to battle neighboring street gangs. Most of the members were 17 years old. Williams however appears to discount the sometimes-cited founding date of 1969 in his memoir, Blue Rage, Black Redemption. In his memoir, Williams also refuted claims that the group was a spin-off of the Black Panther Party or formed for a community agenda, writing that it "depicted a fighting alliance against street gangs—nothing more, nothing less." Washington, who attended Fremont High School, was the leader of the East Side Crips, and Williams, who attended Washington High School, led the West Side Crips. Williams recalled that a blue bandana was first worn by Crips founding member Buddha, as a part of his color-coordinated clothing of blue Levis, a blue shirt, and dark blue suspenders. A blue bandana was worn in tribute to Buddha after he was shot and killed on February 23, 1973. The color then became associated with Crips. By 1978, there were 45 Crip gangs, called sets, in Los Angeles. They were heavily involved in the production of PCP, marijuana and amphetamines. On March 11, 1979, Williams, a member of the Westside Crips, was arrested for four murders and on August 9, 1979, Washington was gunned down. Washington had been against Crip infighting and after his death several Crip sets started fighting against each other. The Crips' leadership was dismantled, prompting a deadly gang war between the Rollin' 60 Neighborhood Crips and Eight Tray Gangster Crips that led nearby Crip sets to choose sides and align themselves with either the Neighborhood Crips or the Gangster Crips, waging large-scale war in South Central and other cities. The East Coast Crips (from East Los Angeles) and the Hoover Crips directly severed their alliance after Washington's death. By 1980, the Crips were in turmoil, warring with the Bloods and against each other. The gang's growth and influence increased significantly in the early 1980s when crack cocaine hit the streets and Crip sets began distributing the drug. Large profits induced many Crips to establish new markets in other cities and states. As a result, Crips membership grew steadily and the street gang was one of the nation's largest by the late 1980s. In 1999, there were at least 600 Crip sets with more than 30,000 members transporting drugs in the United States. Funny side note: As of 2015, the Crips gang consists of between approximately 30,000 and 35,000 members and 800 sets, active in 221 cities and 41 U.S. states. The states with the highest estimated number of Crip sets are California, Texas, Oklahoma, and Missouri. Members typically consist of young African American men, but can be white, Hispanic, Asian, and Pacific Islander. The gang also began to establish a presence in Canada in the early 1990s; Crip sets are active in the Canadian cities of Montreal and Toronto. Bloods The Bloods gang was first established in Los Angeles as a defense against the Crips. The Pirus street gang, which was initially a group of the Crips, split out during an internal gang battle, united with other minor gangs to create the gang that would later become known as the Bloods, which is where the Bloods' origins and their rivalry with the Crips begin. At the time, there were three more Crips sets than Bloods sets. Despite this disparity in numbers, Bloods sets became more aggressive, especially towards rival Crips members, in an effort to demonstrate their dominance. Therefore, it is believed that the Pirus were the original Bloods founders. The gang's concentration changed to drug manufacture during the emergence of crack. The United Blood Nation, a gang that started out on Rikers Island, is frequently associated with blood sets on the East Coast. The George Motchan Detention Center (GMDC), often known as C 73, is located on Rikers Island and is home to the United Blood Nation, also known as the Bloods. Problem offenders were separated from the rest of the jail facilities using GMDC. The Latin Kings were the most prominent and well-organized gang in the NYC jail system before this time. The majority-Hispanic Latin Kings were violently abusing White and occasionally African American prisoners. These African American prisoners created a defense organization they named the United Blood Nation after being organized by some of the most aggressive and charismatic prisoners. This prison group, United Blood Nation, was copying the Bloods street gangs in Los Angeles. Eight initial Blood sets were formed by many of the leaders of this freshly formed prison gang to recruit in their local communities around New York City. By 1996, the Blood street gang had grown to include thousands of members and was becoming one of the most powerful gangs in existence. It also kept up a regular recruiting push. The Bloods were at this point less organized and more vicious than other gangs. Numerous slashings (attacks with a razor blade or knife) that were recorded during robberies were later determined to be Bloods initiations. The Bloods' signature ceremony was the Blood ritual. Bloods found recruits all throughout the East Coast. In addition to members of other races and ethnicities, African Americans make up the majority of the Bloods. Early adolescence to mid-twenties is the average age of members, however some continue to retain leadership roles well into their late twenties and, on occasion, their thirties. Although there is no one person who can be identified as the Bloods' national leader, each individual Bloods set has a hierarchical leadership structure with distinct degrees of membership. Status within a gang is indicated by these membership levels. Each set is managed by a leader, who is often an older person with a longer criminal history. A fixed leader is not chosen; instead, he or she exerts themselves through creating and overseeing the gang's illicit businesses, using their reputation for brutality and violence as well as their own charisma to do so. The majority of the cast members are "soldiers," and they range in age from 16 to 22. Because of their readiness to use violence to win the respect of gang members and to deal with anybody who "disrespects" the set, soldiers have a strong feeling of dedication to their set and are very dangerous. Although they are not full members, "associates" participate in a variety of illegal acts and identify with the gang. If any women are involved in the gang, they are often associate members and are frequently employed by their male counterparts to carry guns, store narcotics, or engage in self-prostitution in order to support their group. The surroundings of a recruit frequently affects recruitment. Bloods actively seek for school-age African Americans in particularly impoverished regions. Youth might find security and a sense of belonging by joining a gang. Economically deprived children who observe the trappings of gang life—gold jewelry, cash, pricey sportswear—can likewise experience instant satisfaction. Based on how long a person has been a part of a certain set, blood sets have an informal hierarchy of levels. The ranks are only a symbol of respect for individuals who have been a part of the set the longest and have survived the longest; they do not indicate leadership or domination over the set. Bloods of lesser ranks are not subject to those in positions of authority. Bloods of lesser status frequently refer to Bloods of higher rank as "Big Homies." They also call one another "relatives." Once a person joins a Blood set, they cannot quit the set or flip (move to another set) for the rest of their lives. Members of the Bloods frequently refer to themselves as dawgs or ballers, HKs (an initialism for Hoover-Killer), CKs (an initialism for Crip-Killer), and MOBs (an initialism for Member of Bloods) (meaning drug dealers). Contrary to popular belief, Bloods & Crips are typically friendly amongst sets. Although it is against the law, bloods sometimes engage in civil war with one another. For example, the deuce 2x Crips and tray 3x Crips are at war, and they frequently work with Crip sets to eliminate their fellow blood competitors. The many gang indicators used by Bloods members to distinguish themselves from other gangs include colors, attire, emblems, tattoos, jewelry, graffiti, language, and hand signals. Red is the gang's primary color. They like donning athletic attire, such as team coats that display their gang's colors. San Francisco 49ers, Miami Heat, Atlanta Hawks, Houston Rockets, Boston Red Sox, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Portland Trailblazers, Cleveland Indians, Philadelphia Phillies, Los Angeles Clippers, New Jersey Devils, Philadelphia 76ers, and Chicago Bulls are a few of their favorite clubs. The most commonly used Bloods symbols include the number “5,” the five pointed star, and the five pointed crown. Despite common misconception Bloods are not a people nation (with the exception of a few) but they will however tie flags with the people for defense or mutually such as how the Crips & BGDs consider themselves cousins. These symbols may be seen in the tattoos, jewelry, and clothing that gang members wear as well as in gang graffiti, which is used by the Bloods to mark their territory. Such graffiti can include gang names, nicknames, declaration of loyalty, threats against rival gangs, or a description of criminal acts in which the gang has been involved. Bloods graffiti might also include the word “Piru” which refers to the fact that the first known Bloods gang was formed by individuals from Piru Street in Compton, California. Yakuza During the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603–1868), two distinct groups of outcasts gave rise to the yakuza. The tekiya were the first of such groups; they were nomadic peddlers who moved from village to village selling cheap things at fairs and markets. Many tekiya belonged to the burakumin social class, which was essentially underneath the four-tiered Japanese feudal social order and consisted of misfits or "non-humans." The tekiya started forming close-knit gangs in the early 1700s under the direction of bosses and underbosses. The tekiya began to engage in customary organized crime operations including turf battles and protection rackets after being strengthened by fugitives from the upper classes. In keeping with a long-standing custom, tekiya frequently provided security for Shinto festivals and, in exchange for payment for protection, assigned stalls at the associated fairs. Between 1735 and 1749, the shogun's government appointed oyabun, or officially recognized leaders, in an effort to quell gang conflicts among various tekiya factions and lessen the amount of fraud they engaged in. The oyabun was given the privilege of using a surname and carrying a sword, which was previously reserved for samurai. The term "oyabun," which refers to the bosses' roles as the leaders of their tekiya families, literally means "foster parent." The bakuto, or gamblers, were the second social group that gave rise to the yakuza. During the Tokugawa era, gambling was outright prohibited and is still outlawed in Japan today. The bakuto hit the highways and preyed on gullible prey using hanafuda card games or dice games. They frequently adorned their bodies with vibrant tattoos, which gave rise to the practice of full-body tattooing among modern yakuza. The bakuto naturally expanded from their primary line of work as gamblers into lending shady business and other illicit pursuits. Depending on how they make the majority of their money, certain yakuza groups may still refer to themselves as tekiya or bakuto. They still use the rites that were a component of the initiation ceremonies of the older organizations. Yakuza gangs have seen a rise in prominence since the end of World War II following a decline during the conflict. More than 102,000 yakuza members in 2,500 different families were reported to be employed in Japan and overseas by the Japanese government in 2007. Despite the burakumin being officially exempt from discrimination since 1861, many gang members today are descended from that marginalized group. Others are ethnic Koreans, who are also subjected to a great deal of prejudice in Japanese society. The distinctive characteristics of modern yakuza culture bear traces of the gangs' antecedents. For instance, a large number of yakuza have full-body tattoos that were applied with conventional bamboo or steel needles as opposed to sophisticated tattooing guns. Even the genitalia may be tattooed, which is a very unpleasant ritual. Although they typically wear long sleeves in public, the yakuza members frequently take their shirts off while playing cards with one other and show off their body art as a reference to the bakuto customs. The practice of yubitsume, or cutting off the little finger's joint, is another aspect of yakuza culture. When a yakuza member disobeys or otherwise offends his boss, he will perform a yubitsume as an apology. The offender provides the boss with the top joint of his left pinkie finger, which he has amputated. Subsequent offenses result in the loss of other finger joints. This practice dates back to the Tokugawa era; the gangster's sword grip is weakened by the loss of finger joints, theoretically making him more reliant on the group as a whole for defense. To blend in, many yakuza members wear prosthetic fingertips today. The three biggest yakuza organizations currently in existence are the Sumiyoshi-kai, which started in Osaka and has about 20,000 members, the Yamaguchi-gumi, centered in Kobe, with 15,000 members, and the Inagawa-kai, located in Tokyo and Yokohama, with 20,000 members. The gangs engage in illegal activities such the trafficking of people and goods, the exportation of weapons, and the smuggling of illegal drugs. They do, however, also own a sizable amount of stock in well-established companies, and some of them are well-connected to the Japanese financial, banking, and real estate industries. It's interesting to note that the Yamaguchi-gumi were the first to assist victims in the gang's hometown after the tragic Kobe earthquake of January 17, 1995. Similar to this, many yakuza organizations delivered truckloads of goods to the afflicted area following the earthquake and tsunami of 2011. The yakuza also has the strange benefit of suppressing small-time criminals. Because small-fry thieves don't intrude on yakuza turf, Kobe and Osaka, with their strong yakuza syndicates, are among the safest cities in an overall safe country. The Japanese government has clamped down on the gangs in recent decades despite these unexpected social benefits of the yakuza. A strong new anti-racketeering law known as the Act for Prevention of Unlawful Activities by Criminal Gang Members was passed in March 1995. All of the listed businesses with ties to the yakuza were removed from the Osaka Securities Exchange in 2008. Yakuza bosses have been detained by authorities since 2009, and businesses that support the gangs have been closed down. Even though the police are currently working very hard to quell yakuza activities in Japan, it appears improbable that the syndicates would completely vanish. After all, they have endured for more than 300 years and are intricately linked to many facets of Japanese society and culture. Mara Salvatrucha(MS-13) La Mara Salvatrucha, also referred to as MS-13, is a ruthless, inhumane street gang. As many as 40 states in the United States are now home to MS-13 members who commit murder, rape, maiming, and terror. Legendary tales exist of their heinous crimes. No one contests the veracity of these statements. MS-13, like many street gangs, actually takes pride in its well-deserved image. The U.S. Department of Justice claims that the group's motto is "kill, rape, control." If you believe President Donald Trump and others, America's broken immigration system is to blame for MS-13. The belief is that the United States will be a lot safer if it can stop MS-13 gang members from committing all of their mayhem, deport them, and stop them from crossing the border. Unfortunately, things don't work that way. "Attention to gangs is valid. About 13 percent of the homicides in this country are gang related. That's far more homicides than from mass shootings or terrorism," David Pyrooz, a sociologist at the University of Colorado who specializes in gangs and criminal networks, says. "But let's remember this. The maximum number of homicides associated with MS-13 in a given year — gang-related homicides — is about 2 percent of the total ... gang-related homicides in the United States. That is, I hate to use this language, but that is in many ways a drop in the bucket when it comes to gang activity." "MS-13 is sort of the perfect boogeyman," Pyrooz says. "They are the moral panic; the connection to immigration, the connection to Latinos, and then the heinous violence, makes it so they can function as this evil boogeyman." It's frequently forgotten in discussions of MS-13 that the organization didn't start out in Latin America and then storm the border to wreak havoc on the American way of life. The gang was founded in the United States in the 1970s. El Salvadoran immigrants went to Los Angeles in an effort to escape a devastating civil conflict. There, they lived in areas of the city that were already under the influence of other gangs, used marijuana, and listened to heavy metal music. La Mara Salvatrucha was created when the newcomers came together to socialize and to defend themselves from other groups. A brief explanation of the group name is as follows: In El Salvador, the word for "gang" is "mara." Here is an explanation of "Salvatrucha" and the subsequent 13 (again, from the DOJ): Salvatrucha is a slang term for "alert," "watch out," or "cunning," and it combines the terms "Salva," which stands for "Salvadoran," and "trucha." The "13" stands for the 13th letter of the alphabet, or "M," signifying the group's ties to the Mexican Mafia, an organization that operates inside prisons. Police started to crack down as the new gang confronted more established organizations in Los Angeles and linked up with other gangs (including the Mexican Mafia), deporting some members to El Salvador, where civil instability remained rife. However, some of those MS-13 members returned to the United States in the 1980s, and others from El Salvador joined them. However, it seems unlikely that there was a premeditated influx of gang members from Latin America into the country. "Criminal migration is real," according to "MS13 in the Americas: How the World's Most Notorious Gang Defies Logic, Resists Destruction," a report by The Center for Latin American & Latino Studies at American University in Washington D.C., and Insight Crime, a foundation that studies organized crime in Latin America and the Caribbean. "But this does not appear to be part of a master plan, nor is it coordinated from some central headquarters. Gang members appear to move in the same patterns as the rest of the population, and many of them move to escape the gang and the violence associated with it." Currently, MS-13 claims to have 10,000 members in the United States and 30,000 members worldwide. Thus, it ranks among the largest gangs in the entire world. The group is the first and only street gang to be listed as a global criminal organization by the American government. Despite its size, MS-13 does not have a particularly significant criminal presence in the United States when compared to the total number of gang members in the nation. The National Gang Intelligence Center estimates that there are 1.4 million gang members nationally, and MS-13 is just one of the 33,000 gangs that the FBI has identified. "What's interesting about them, what makes them different from other groups — partly in response to what the president has been tweeting and talking about them" Pyrooz says, "we can't think of an example in recent history of a single group that has attracted such attention on a national level." According to news reports and those who have investigated the MS-13 gang, its members engage in money laundering, prostitution, drug trafficking, racketeering, and other illicit activities. They are extremely brutal in how they do their street business. The group has been implicated in numerous violent assaults, kidnappings, rapes, and most infamously, some horrifying murders. "Gang violence is far more lethal than what it was four or five decades ago," Pyrooz says. From "MS-13 in the Americas": "Violence is a major part of the glue that binds the MS-13. It is part of every stage of an MS-13 member's life: Potential members commit violent acts to be considered for membership and ultimately to gain entry; they are then beaten into the gang in a ritual that has left more than one permanently scarred; they move up the gang ladder by 'putting in the work' and showing 'commitment,' euphemisms for committing violent acts in the name of the gang." According to the Washington Post, up to 10 MS-13 members lured a guy into a park in Maryland in 2017 before stabbing him more than 100 times, beheading him, and chopping out his heart. In vengeance for her boyfriend's murder, an 18-year-old Virginia lady admitted to taking part in the killing of a 15-year-old girl. The 18-year-old killed the younger girl by stabbing her 13 times and recorded it to show MS-13 leaders. "It's hard to say that the attention is not undue or not deserved," Pyrooz says. "But it's hard to be able to focus specifically on them without paying more attention to what the problem of gang activity is in the United States as a whole." The 25 Best Gang Movies of All Time - IMDb