In this episode, RP and Bryan unpack their exhilarating journey to PAX Unplugged in Philadelphia, where they dove headfirst into the vibrant world of gaming conventions as both enthusiasts and budding content creators. Fresh from the event, they candidly share their wide-eyed experiences, heartfelt impressions, and newfound revelations.
As I have always told our guests, our time together is a conversation, not an interview. This was never truer than with our guest this time, Andrew Leland. Andrew grew up with what most people would call a pretty normal childhood. However, as he discovered he was encountering night blindness that gradually grew worse. Back in the 1980s and early 90s, he was not getting much support for determining what was happening with his eyes. He did his own research and decided that he was experiencing retinitis pigmentosa, a degenerative eye disease that first affects peripheral vision and eventually leads to total blindness. I won't spend time discussing Andrew's journey toward how finally doctors verified his personal diagnosis. Andrew was and is an incredible researcher and thinker. He comes by it naturally. In addition, he is quite a writer and has had material published by The New York Times Magazine, The New Yorker, McSweeney's Quarterly, and The San Francisco Chronicle, among other outlets. He comes by his talents honestly through family members who have been screenwriters and playwrights. Example? His grandfather was Marvin Neal Simon, better known to all of us as Neal Simon. This year Andrew's first book was published. It is entitled, The Country of the Blind: A Memoir at the End of Sight. I urge you to get and read it. Our conversation goes into detail about blindness in so many different ways. I am sure you will find that your own views of blindness will probably change as you hear our discussion. Andrew has already agreed to come on again so we can continue our discussions. I hope you enjoy our time together. About the Guest: Andrew Leland's first book is The Country of the Blind: A Memoir at the End of Sight. His_ writing has appeared in _The New York Times Magazine, The New Yorker, McSweeney's Quarterly, and The San Francisco Chronicle, among other outlets. From 2013-2019, he hosted and produced The Organist, an arts and culture podcast, for KCRW; he has also produced pieces for Radiolab and 99 Percent Invisible. He has been an editor at The Believer since 2003. He lives in western Massachusetts with his wife and son. Ways to connect with Andrew: Website: https://www.andrewleland.org/ About the Host: Michael Hingson is a New York Times best-selling author, international lecturer, and Chief Vision Officer for accessiBe. Michael, blind since birth, survived the 9/11 attacks with the help of his guide dog Roselle. This story is the subject of his best-selling book, Thunder Dog. Michael gives over 100 presentations around the world each year speaking to influential groups such as Exxon Mobile, AT&T, Federal Express, Scripps College, Rutgers University, Children's Hospital, and the American Red Cross just to name a few. He is Ambassador for the National Braille Literacy Campaign for the National Federation of the Blind and also serves as Ambassador for the American Humane Association's 2012 Hero Dog Awards. https://michaelhingson.com https://www.facebook.com/michael.hingson.author.speaker/ https://twitter.com/mhingson https://www.youtube.com/user/mhingson https://www.linkedin.com/in/michaelhingson/ accessiBe Links https://accessibe.com/ https://www.youtube.com/c/accessiBe https://www.linkedin.com/company/accessibe/mycompany/ https://www.facebook.com/accessibe/ Thanks for listening! Thanks so much for listening to our podcast! If you enjoyed this episode and think that others could benefit from listening, please share it using the social media buttons on this page. Do you have some feedback or questions about this episode? Leave a comment in the section below! Subscribe to the podcast If you would like to get automatic updates of new podcast episodes, you can subscribe to the podcast on Apple Podcasts or Stitcher. You can also subscribe in your favorite podcast app. Leave us an Apple Podcasts review Ratings and reviews from our listeners are extremely valuable to us and greatly appreciated. They help our podcast rank higher on Apple Podcasts, which exposes our show to more awesome listeners like you. If you have a minute, please leave an honest review on Apple Podcasts. Transcription Notes Michael Hingson ** 00:00 Access Cast and accessiBe Initiative presents Unstoppable Mindset. The podcast where inclusion, diversity and the unexpected meet. Hi, I'm Michael Hingson, Chief Vision Officer for accessiBe and the author of the number one New York Times bestselling book, Thunder dog, the story of a blind man, his guide dog and the triumph of trust. Thanks for joining me on my podcast as we explore our own blinding fears of inclusion unacceptance and our resistance to change. We will discover the idea that no matter the situation, or the people we encounter, our own fears, and prejudices often are our strongest barriers to moving forward. The unstoppable mindset podcast is sponsored by accessiBe, that's a c c e s s i capital B e. Visit www.accessibe.com to learn how you can make your website accessible for persons with disabilities. And to help make the internet fully inclusive by the year 2025. Glad you dropped by we're happy to meet you and to have you here with us. Michael Hingson ** 01:21 Welcome to another episode of unstoppable mindset where inclusion diversity in the unexpected meet. And we're gonna get to have a little bit of all of that today. I get to interview someone who I've talked to a couple of times and met a couple of months ago for the first time, I think the first time at a meeting, Andrew Leland is the author of the country of the blind. And he will tell us about that. And we will have lots of fun things to talk about. I am sure he's been a podcaster. He's an author. Needless to say, he's written things. And I don't know what else we'll see what other kinds of secrets we can uncover. Fair warning, right. So Andrew, welcome to unstoppable mindset. Andrew Leland ** 02:01 Thank you. Thank you so much for having me. I'm happy to be here. Michael Hingson ** 02:04 Well, I really appreciate you coming. Why don't you start by telling us a little about kind of the early Andrew growing up in some of that kind of stuff? Oh, sure. A lot of times go in a galaxy far, far away. Yeah. Right. Andrew Leland ** 02:18 planet called the Los Angeles. I was born in LA. Yeah. And my parents moved to New York pretty quickly. And they split when I was two. So for most of my childhood, I was kind of bouncing in between, I live with my mom. But then I would go visit my dad on holidays. And my mom moved around a lot. So we were in New York, just outside the city. And then we moved to Toronto for two years, and then back to New York, and then to Santa Fe, New Mexico, and then to California, Southern California. So I lived a lot of places. And that was all before college. And yeah, what can I tell you about young Andrew, I, you know, I always was interested in writing and reading. And I come from a family of writers. My mom is a screenwriter, my grandfather was a playwright. My aunt is a novelist. And so and my dad, you know, remember when I was a kid, he had a column for videography magazine, and has always been super interested in digital technology, you know, from the earliest days of desktop publishing. And he worked for, like early days of USA Network, you know, so like this kind of shared interest that I inherited from my parents of, you know, creativity and media, I guess was one way you could put it, you know, storytelling and sort of like playing around with electronic media. And, you know, I grew up I was born in 1980. So by the time I was an adolescent, the internet was just starting to reach its tendrils into our lives. And I remember my dad bought me a modem. And when I was like, I don't know 14 or something. And I was definitely one of the first kids in my class to have a modem and you know, messing around on message boards and stuff. So that was very influential for me. You know, when it was around that time that I started to notice that I had night blindness, and I kind of diagnosed myself with retinitis pigmentosa on that early web, you know, before the days of WebMD or anything like that, but it just there didn't seem to be a lot of causes for adolescent night blindness. And so I kind of figured it out and then sort of just compartmentalized it like kick that information to the side somewhere dusty corner of my brain and just went about my life and then it wasn't until later my teenage years I'd already done a year in college I think in Ohio where I said you know what, this is getting a little more intrusive and then I've that my mom finally booked me an appointment at a at a real deal, you know, medical retinal Research Center and at UCLA. And then, you know, an actual retinal specialist said, Yep, you've got retina is pigmentosa. You'll you Will, you know, maintain decent vision into middle age and then it'll fall off a cliff. Once again, I just carried that information around for, you know, the next 20 years or so. And I'm 4040 How old am I? Mike? 22 years old? Right? Well, I actually I'm a December baby. So we gotta go, Okay, you got a couple of months to go a 42 year old medicine me. You know, and at this point in my life, you know, I had the, you know, I read about all this in the book, but I have a feeling that, like that part of his diagnosis way back when is coming true, you know, and I feel like, okay, it's all finally happening, and like, it's happening more quickly, but then my current doctor is kind of careful to reassure me that that's not actually happening. And that RP, you know, their understanding of it has evolved since then. And there's like, you know, different genetic profiles, and that, in fact, maybe I might have some residual useful vision for many years to come. But one of the things that I really wrestled with, both in the book and just in my life is the question of, you know, how much to claim to that site and how useful that site really is. And, and, and trying to figure out what, what it means to be blind, if I'm blind, you know, certainly legally blind, you know, I've half got about five or six degrees of, of central vision. You know, and so, so, so my so So, I've left your question behind at this point. But I wrote, I wrote this book, in some ways to answer that question of, like, where I, where I fit into this world of blindness? And am I an outsider, or am I an insider? like at what point do I get to be part of the club and all those really tricky questions that were really bothering me as a person, I got to kind of explore in the form of a book. Michael Hingson ** 06:52 The interesting thing about what you said in the book, however, concerning Are you an outsider or an insider, Am I blind? Or am I not? is, of course a question that everyone wrestles with. And I personally like the Jernigan definition, have you ever read his article, a definition of blindness? Andrew Leland ** 07:11 Oh, maybe tell me what he says. So what he says Michael Hingson ** 07:15 is that you should consider yourself blind from a functional standpoint, when your eyesight decreases to the point where you have to use alternatives to vision to be able to perform tasks. Now, having said that, that doesn't mean that you shouldn't use the residual vision that you have. But what you should do is learn blindness techniques, and learn to psychologically accept that from a blindness standpoint, or from a from a functional standpoint, you are blind, but you do also have eyesight, then there's no reason not to use that. But you still can consider yourself a blind person, because you are using alternatives to eyesight in order to function and do things. Andrew Leland ** 08:00 Yeah, no, I have heard that from the NFB I didn't realize its source was Jernigan. But I really aspire to live my life that way. You know, I think it's, there are some days when it's easier than others. But, you know, I'm here, learning, you know, practicing Braille, using my white cane every day, you know, like learning jaws and trying to try to keep my screen reader on my phone as much as possible. And it's funny how it becomes almost like a moral mind game that I play with myself where I'm like, okay, like, Wow, it's so much easier to use my phone with a screen reader. Like, why don't I just leave it on all the time, but then inevitably, I get to like a inaccessible website, or like, I'm trying to write and write a text message. And I'm like, Oh, am I really going to like use the rotor to like, go back up, you know, to these words, and so then I turn it back off, and then I leave it off. And I'm just like, constantly messing with my own head and this way, and I've heard from, from folks with ARPI, who are more blind than I am, who have less vision. And there is the sense that like, one relief of even though it's, you know, incontrovertibly, incontrovertibly inconvenient to have less vision, right? Like there's there's certain affordances that vision gives you that shouldn't make life easier. But But one thing that I've heard from these folks is that, you know, that kind of constant obsessing and agonizing over like, how much vision do I have? How much vision am I going to have tomorrow? How am I going to do this, with this much vision versus that much vision? Like when that goes away? It is a bit of a relief I've heard. Michael Hingson ** 09:28 Yeah, I mean, if it ultimately comes down to you can obsess over it, you can stress about it. What can I do if I lose this extra vision or not? Is is a question but the other side of it is why assume that just because you lose vision, you can't do X or Y. And that's the thing that I think so many people tend to not really deal with. I believe that we have totally an inconsistent and wrong definition of disability. Anyway, I believe that everyone on the planet has a disability. And for most people, the disability is like dependents. And my case from then my way from making that is look at what Thomas Edison did in 1878. He invented the electric light bulb, which allowed people to have light on demand. So they could function in the dark, because they couldn't really function in the dark until they had light on demand, or unless they had a burning stick or something that gave us light. But the reality is, they still had a disability. And no matter how much today we offer light on demand, and light on demand is a fine thing. No, no problem with it. But recognize that still, without that light on demand, if a if a power failure happens or something and the lights go out, sighted people are at least in a world of hurt until they get another source for light on demand. Mm hmm. I was I was invited to actually Kelly and Ryan's Oscar after party to be in the audience this year. So we went to the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, which is fun. I used to go there for NFB of California conventions, a great hotel, man. So we got there about three o'clock on Thursday, on Saturday afternoon, and it was my niece and nephew and I and we were all there. And we just dropped our luggage off. And we're going downstairs when suddenly I heard screaming, and I asked my niece, what's going on. And she said, there's been a power failure in and around the hotel. And I'd love to try to spread the rumor that it was all Jimmy Kimmel trying to get attention. But no one's bought that. But but the but the point is that suddenly people didn't know what to do. And I said, doesn't seem like a problem to me. And you know, it's all a matter of perspective. But we really have to get to this idea that it doesn't matter whether you can see or not. And you pointed out very well, in your book that blindness is not nearly so much the issue psychologically, as is our attitude about blindness? Absolutely. Andrew Leland ** 11:58 Yeah, I remember I interviewed Mark Riccobono, the current president of the National Federation of the Blind, and he made a very similar point, when we were talking about the nature of accommodations, which is something that I still I'm thinking a lot about is I think it's a very tricky idea. And a very important idea, which I think your your your idea of light dependency gets at, you know, in America, Bono's point was, you know, look, we have the the BR headquarters here in Baltimore, and we pay a pretty hefty electricity bill, to keep the lights on every month, and that, you know, the blind folks who work there, it's not for them, right? It's for all the sighted people who come and visit or work at the at the center. And in some ways, that's a reasonable accommodation, that the NFB is making for the sighted people that they want to be inclusive of right. And so that just even that idea of like, what is a reasonable accommodation? I think you're right, that we think of it as like the poor, unfortunate disabled people who need to be brought back to some kind of norm that's at the center. And there's the kind of reframing that you're doing when you talk about light dependency or that Riccobono is doing when he talks about, you know, his electricity bill, you know, it kind of gives the lie to puts the lie to that, that idea that, that the norm takes precedence. And the reality is that, you know, that we all need accommodations, like you say, and so what's reasonable, is really based on what, what humans deserve, which is which is to be included, and to be, you know, to have access equal access, that Michael Hingson ** 13:38 ought to be the norm. Jacobus timbre wrote a speech called the pros and cons of preferential treatment that was then paired down to a shorter article called a preference for equality. And I haven't, I've been trying to find it, it's at the NFB center, but it isn't as readily available as I would like to see it. And he talks about what equality is, and he said, equality isn't that you do things exactly the same way it is that you have access and with whatever way you need to the same information. So you can't just say, Okay, well, here's a printed textbook, blind persons that's equal under the law, it's not. And he talks about the fact that we all really should be seeking equality and looking for what will give people an equal opportunity in the world. And that's really the issue that we so often just don't face, like we should. The fact of the matter is, it's a part of the cost of business, in general to provide electricity and lights. It's a part of the cost of business to provide for companies a coffee machine, although it's usually a touchscreen machine, but it's there. It's a cost of doing business to provide desks and computers with monitors and so on. But no one views provide Seeing a screen reader as part of the cost of business and nobody views providing a refreshable Braille display or other tools that might give me an equal opportunity to be a part of society, we don't view those as part of the cost of doing business, which we should, because that's what inclusion is really all about. You know, we don't, we don't deal with the fact or sometimes we do that some people are a whole lot shorter than others. And so we provide ladders or step stools, or whatever. But we don't provide cost of doing business concepts to a lot of the tools that say, I might need or you might need. Yeah, Andrew Leland ** 15:37 yeah, it's one thing that I've been thinking about lately is, is really even just the challenge of understanding what those accommodations are. Because, you know, I think I think, practically speaking in the world, you know, you'll, you'll call up a blind person and say, What do you need, you know, like, we're trying to make this art exhibit or this, you know, business or this, you know, HR software accessible, what do you need, you know, and that one blind person might be like, well, I use NVDA, you know, or that one blind person might be low vision, right. And they might be like, I use a screen magnifier. And it's so difficult to understand, like, what the accommodations are, that would be, that would be adequate to cover, like a reasonable sample. And so just like, it's just so much more complicated than it originally seems, you know, when you have a really well meaning person saying, like, we really value diversity, equity and inclusion and accessibility. And but then like, the distance between that well meeting gesture, and then actually pulling off something that's fully accessible to a wide swath of the whatever the users are, is just, it's just unfair, quickly, huge. So that's something that I'm thinking about a lot lately is like how to how do you approach that problem? Michael Hingson ** 16:46 Well, and I think, though, the at least as far as I can tell, I think about it a lot, as well, as I think any of us should. The fact is that one solution doesn't fit everyone, I'm sure that there are people, although I'm sure it's a minority, but there are people who don't like fluorescent lights as well as incandescent lights, and neither of them like other kinds of lighting as compared to whatever. And then you have people epilepsy, epilepsy who can't deal as well, with blinking lights are blinking elements on a webpage, there's there isn't ever going to be least as near as I can tell, one size that truly fits all, until we all become perfect in our bodies. And that's got a ways to go. So the reality is, I don't think there is one solution that fits everyone. And I think that you, you pointed it out, the best thing to do is to keep an open mind and say, Yeah, I want to hire a person who's qualified. And if that person is blind, I'll do it. And I will ask them what they need. You know, an example I could give you is, was it three years ago, I guess, four years ago, now actually, I was called by someone up in Canada, who is a lawyer who went to work for a college. And we were talking about IRA, artificial intelligent, remote assistance, a IRA, you know about IRA, you wrote about it. And she said, you know, a lot of the discovery and a lot of the documentation that I need to use is not accessible through even OCR to be overly accurate, because there will be deep degradations and print and so and so I can't rely on that. And certainly, Adobe's OCR isn't necessarily going to deal with all the things that I need. So I'd like to use IRA is that a reasonable accommodation? And I said, sure it is, if that's what you need in order to be able to have access to the information, then it should be provided. Now the laws are a little different up there. But nevertheless, she went to the college and made the case and they gave her iris so she could read on demand all day, any document that she needed, and she was able to do her job. And not everyone necessarily needs to do that. And hear in probably some quarters, maybe there are other accommodations that people could use instead of using IRA. But still, Ira opened up a VISTA for her and gave her access to being able to do a job and I think that we really need to recognize that one solution doesn't fit everything. And the best way to address it is to ask somebody, what do you need in order to do your job, and we will provide it or work it out. And here in the US, of course, given although they try to renege on it so much, but given the definition of what rehabilitation is supposed to do, they're supposed to be able to and help make people employable. They should be providing a lot of these tools and sometimes getting counselors to do that. Just like pulling teeth, I'm sure you know about that. Yeah, Andrew Leland ** 20:02 I do. I do. I mean, it's interesting because I think in the face of that complexity of saying, like, Okay, we like interviewed a dozen blind people, and we like have this we know, our website is it's compatible with all the screen readers. And, you know, this event, like, you know, let's say you're doing an event, and the website is compatible with every screen reader, and it's got dynamic types. So the low vision users are happy, you know, and then the event starts and you're like, oh, wait, we forgot about the existence of deafblind people, and there's no cart, or captioners. Here. And, you know, and then the question for me another another thing I've been thinking about lately is like, how do you respond to that, you know, like, what is the? What is the response? And even just like on a kind of, like, a social level, like, is it scathing indictment, like you, you terrible people, you know, you have you have like, you don't care about deaf blind people. And so I hereby cancel you, and I'm going to, like, tweet about how terrible you are? Or is there like a more benign approach, but then you don't get what you need. And like, sort of, and I think, I think a lot of this is a function of my having grown up without a disability, really, you know, I mean, like, growing up, my I went through my, my full education, without ever having to ask for an accommodation, you know, maybe I had to sit a little closer to the board a little bit. But you know, nothing, nothing like what I'm dealing with now. And I think as a result, I am just now starting to wrap my head around, like, how when self advocates and what styles are most effective. And I think that's another really important piece of this conversation, because it's easy, I think, to walk into, you know, cafe x, or, you know, I just did it the other day, yesterday, last night, I saw this really cool looking new magazine about radio, which was an interest of mine, like great for radio producers. And it was print only, you know, and I wrote like, Hey, how can I get an accessible copy of this cool look in new magazine? And they're like, Oh, actually, we're, we're putting our resources all it were kind of a shoestring operation, all our resources are going into the print edition right now. You know, and then, so then I had a question before me, right? Like, do I say, like, Hey, everybody, like, we must not rest until you agitate for these people to make their accessible thing, or I just sort of wrote a friendly note. And I was like, there's a lot of like, blind radio makers out there who might find your stuff interesting. And I like, affectionately urge you to make this accessible. And then, you know, their hearts seems to be in the right place. And they seem to be working on making it happen. So I don't know what's your what's your thinking about that? Like how to respond to those situations. Michael Hingson ** 22:34 So my belief is whether we like it or not, every one of us needs to be a teacher. And the fact is to deal with with what you just said, let's take the radio magazine, which magazine is it by the way? Oh, I Andrew Leland ** 22:51 didn't want to call them out by name. Oh, I'm Michael Hingson ** 22:52 sorry. I was asking for my own curiosity, being very interested in radio myself. So we Andrew Leland ** 22:57 give them some good and bad press simultaneously. It's called good tape. Okay, it's brand new. And at the moment, it's as of this recording, it's print only. And, Michael Hingson ** 23:06 and tape is on the way up a good tape. No, that's okay. Anyway, but no, the reason I asked it was mainly out of curiosity. But look, you you kind of answered the question, their heart is in the right place. And it is probably true that they never thought of it. I don't know. But probably, yeah, they didn't think of it. I've seen other magazines like diversity magazine several years ago, I talked with them about the fact that their online version is totally inaccessible. And they have a print version. But none of its accessible. And I haven't seen it change yet, even though we've talked about it. And so they can talk about diversity all they want, and they talk a lot about disabilities, but they don't deal with it. I think that it comes down to what's the organization willing to do I've, I've dealt with a number of organizations that never thought about making a digital presence, accessible or having some sort of alternative way of people getting to the magazine, and I don't expect everybody to produce the magazine and Braille. And nowadays, you don't need to produce a braille version, but you need to produce an accessible version. And if people are willing to work toward that, I don't think that we should grind them into the ground at all if their hearts in the right place. And I can appreciate how this magazine started with print, which is natural. Yeah, but one of the things that you can do when others can do is to help them see maybe how easy it is to create a version that other people can can use for example, I don't know how they produce their magazine, but I will bet you virtual Anything that it starts with some sort of an electronic copy. If it does that, then they could certainly make that electronic copy a version that would be usable and accessible to the end. And then they could still provide it through a subscription process, there's no reason to give it away if they're not giving it away to other people, but they could still make it available. And I also think something else, which is, as you point out in the book, and the country of the blind, so often, things that are done for us, will help other people as well. So great tape is wonderful. But how is a person with dyslexia going to be able to read it? Yeah, so it isn't just blind people who could benefit from having a more accessible version of it. And probably, it would be worth exploring, even discussing with him about finding places to get funding to help make that happen. But if somebody's got their heart in the right place, then I think by all means, we shouldn't bless them. We should be teachers, and we should help them because they won't know how to do that stuff. Andrew Leland ** 26:10 Ya know, I love that answer to be a teacher. And I think there was I think there was a teacher Lee vibe in my, in my response to them, you know, like, this is a thing that is actually important and useful. And you ought to really seriously consider doing it. You know, I mean, I think if you think about the how people act in the classroom, you know, it's those kinds of teachers who, you know, who, who correct you, but they correct you in a way that makes you want to follow their correction, instead of just ruining your day and making you feel like you're a terrible person. But it's interesting, because if you, you know, I mean, part of a lot of this is the function of the internet. You know, I see a lot of disabled people out there calling out people for doing things and accessibly. And, you know, I feel I'm really split about this, because I really empathize with the frustration that that one feels like, there's an amazing film called, I didn't see you there by a filmmaker named Reed Davenport, who's a wheelchair user. And the film is really just, like, he kind of he mounts a camera to his wheelchair, and a lot of it is like, he almost like turns his wheelchair into a dolly. And there's these these, like, wonderful, like tracking shots of Oakland, where he lived at the time. And there's this there's this incredible scene where it's really just his daily life, like, you know, and it's very similar to the experience of a blind person, like, he'll just be on a street corner hanging out, you know, in somebody's, like, the light screen, you know, like, what do you what are you trying to do, man, and he's like, I'm just here waiting for my car, my ride, you know, like, leave me alone. You don't need to intervene. But there's this incredible scene where there are some workers in his building are like, in the sort of just sort of unclear like they're working. And there's an extension cord, completely blocking the path, the visible entrance to his apartment, and he can't get into his house. And he's just this, like, the, the depth of his anger is so visceral in that moment. You know, and he yells at them, and they're like, oh, sorry, you know, they kind of don't care, you know, but they like, they're like, just give us a second. And he's like, I don't have a second, like, I need to get into my house. Now. You know, he just has no patience for them. And it's understandable, right? Like, imagine you're trying to get home. And as a matter of course, regularly every week, there's something that's preventing you. And then and then and then you see him when he finally gets back into his apartment. He's just like, screaming and rage. And it's, you know, so that rage I think, is entirely earned. You know, like, I don't I don't think that one one should have to mute one's rage and how and be a kindly teacher in that moment. Right. But, so So yeah, so So I kind of see it both ways. Like, there are moments for the rage. And then I guess there are moments for the mortar teacher like because obviously, like the stakes of me, getting access to good tape magazine are very different than the stakes for read like getting into his apartment. Right? Michael Hingson ** 28:53 Well, yes and no, it's still access. But the other part about it is the next time, that group of people in whatever they're doing to repair or whatever, if they do the same thing, then they clearly haven't learned. Whereas if they go, Oh, we got to make sure we don't block an entrance. Yeah, then they've learned a lesson and so I can understand the rage. I felt it many times myself, and we all have and, and it's understandable. But ultimately, hopefully, we can come down. And depending on how much time there is to do it, go pick out and say, Look, do you see what the problem is here? Yeah. And please, anytime don't block an entrance or raise it way up or do something because a person in a wheelchair can't get in. And that's a problem. I so my wife always was in a wheelchair, and we were married for two years she passed last November. Just the bye He didn't keep up with the spirit is what I tell people is really true. But I remember we were places like Disneyland. And people would just jump over her foot rests, how rude, you know, and other things like that. But we, we faced a lot of it. And we faced it from the double whammy of one person being in a wheelchair and one person being blind. One day, we went to a restaurant. And we walked in, and we were standing at the counter and the hostess behind the counter was just staring at us. And finally, Karen said to me, well, the hostess is here, I don't think she knows who to talk to, you know, because I'm not making necessarily eye contact, and Karen is down below, in in a wheelchair. And so fine. I said, maybe if she would just ask us if we would like to sit down, it would be okay. And you know, it was friendly, and it broke the ice and then it went, went from there. But unfortunately, we, we, we bring up children and we bring up people not recognizing the whole concept of inclusion. And we we really don't teach people how to have the conversation. And I think that that's the real big issue. We don't get drawn into the conversation, which is why diversity is a problem because it doesn't include disabilities. Andrew Leland ** 31:16 Mm hmm. Yeah. I mean, that seems to be changing. You know, I mean, you have you know, you have a lot more experience in this realm than I do. But But But haven't you felt like a real cultural shift over the last, you know, 2030 years about disability being more front of mind in that conversation? Michael Hingson ** 31:36 I think it's, it's shifted some. The unemployment rate among employable blind people, though, for example, hasn't changed a lot. A lot of things regarding blindness hasn't really, or haven't really changed a lot. And we still have to fight for things like the National Federation of the Blind finally took the American Bar Association, all the way to the Supreme Court, because they wouldn't allow people to use their technology to take the LSAT. Yeah, lawyers of all people and you know, so things like that. There's, there's so many ways that it continues to happen. And I realized we're a low incidence disability. But still, I think, I think the best way to really equate it. You mentioned in Goldstein in the book, Dan, who I saw, I think, is a great lawyer spoke to the NFB in 2008. And one of the things he talked about was Henry, mayor's book all on fire. And it's about William Lloyd Garrison, the abolitionist and he was looking for allies. And he heard about these, these two, I think, two ladies, the Grimm case, sisters who were women's suffragettes, and they and he said, Look, we should get them involved. And people said, no, they're dealing with women's things. We're dealing with abolition, it's two different things. And Garrison said, No, it's all the same thing. And we've got to get people to recognize that it really is all the same thing. The you mentioned, well, you mentioned Fred Schroeder and the American Association of Persons with Disabilities at various points in the book. And in 1997. Fred, when he was RSA Commissioner, went to speak to the AAPD talking about the fact that we should be mandating Braille be taught in schools to all blind and low vision kids. And the way he tells me the story, they said, Well, that's a blindness issue. That's not our issue, because most of those people weren't blind. And that's unfortunate, because the reality is, it's all the same thing. Andrew Leland ** 33:41 Yeah, no, that's something, uh, Dan Goldstein was a really important person for me to meet very early on in the process of writing the book, because I mean, just because he's, he's brilliant. And yeah, such a long history of, of arguing in a very, you know, legalistic, which is to say, very precise, and, you know, method, methodical way. A lot of these questions about what constitutes a reasonable accommodation, you know, as in like, his, his, the lawsuits that he's brought on behalf of the NFB have really broken ground have been incredibly important. So he's, he was a wonderful resource for me. You know, one of the things that he and I talked about, I remember at the beginning, and then, you know, I had lunch with him earlier this week, you know, we still are talking about it. And it's exactly that that question of, you know, the thing that the thing that really dogged me as I pursued, writing this book, and one of the kinds of questions that hung over it was this question of identity. And, you know, like, the sense that like the NFB argues that blindness is not what defines you. And yet, there it is, in their name, the National Federation of the Blind by and like, Where does where does this identity fit? And, you know, and I think that when you talk about other identities like Like the African American civil rights movement, or, you know, you mentioned the suffragette movement, you know, the feminist movement. You know, and it's interesting to compare these other identity based civil rights movements, and the organized by movement and the disability rights movement. And think about the parallels, but then there's also I think, disconnects as well. And so that was one of the things that I was it was really, really challenging for me to, to write about, but I think it's a really important question. And one that's, that's really evolving right now. You know, one of the things that I discovered was that, you know, in addition to the sort of blind or disability rights movement, that's very much modeled on the civil rights model of like, you know, my the first time I went to the NFB convention in 2018, you know, the banquet speech that Mark Riccobono gave was all about the speech of women and the women in the Federation, you know, which, which someone told me afterwards like, this is all new territory for the NFB, like, you know, they don't, there, there hasn't traditionally been this sort of emphasis on, including other identities, you know, and I found that was, I found that interesting, but then also, I was so struck by a line in that speech, where Riccobono said, you know, the fact that they were women is not as important as the fact that they were blind people fighting for, you know, whatever was like the liberation of blindness. And, you know, so it's, there's still always this emphasis on blindness as, like, the most important organizing characteristic of somebody is a part of that movement. And it makes total sense, right, it's the National Federation of the Blind, and they're fighting that 70% unemployment rate. And, you know, I think by their lights, you don't get there by you know, taking your eyes off the prize in some ways. And, and so I was really struck by some of these other groups that I encountered, particularly in 2020, when a lot of the sort of identity right questions came to the fore with the murder of George Floyd, right. You know, and then I was attending, you know, because it was 2020 it was that the convention was online, and I you know, I read it, this is all in the book, I, I went to the LGBT queue meet up, and which, which is also like a shockingly recent development at the NFB, you know, there's this notorious story where President Maher, you know, ostentatiously tears up a card, at a at an NFB convention where there are LGBT. NFB is trying to organize and have an LGBTQ meet up and he sort of ostentatiously tears it up as soon as he reads what's on the card. You know, a lot of still raw pain among NF beers who I talked to about that incident, anyway, like that this this LGBTQ meetup, you know, there's, there's a speaker who's not part of the NFB named justice, shorter, who works in DC, she's, she's blind, you know, and she's part of what is called the, you know, the Disability Justice Movement, which is very much about decentering whiteness, from the disability rights struggle and centering, black, queer, you know, people of color, who are also disabled, and and in some ways, I've found the NFB struggling to, to connect with with that model. You know, I talked to a Neil Lewis, who's the highest ranking black member of the NFV, you know, and he wrote this really fascinating Braille monitor article in the wake of, of George Floyd's death, where he's sort of really explicitly trying to reconcile, like Black Lives Matter movement with live the life you want, you know, with with NFB slogans, and it's, it's a tough thing to do, he has a tough job and trying to do that, because because of the thing, you know, that that I'm saying about Riccobono, right, it's like he is blind is the most important characteristic, or where do these other qualities fit? So it's a very contemporary argument. And it's one that I think the the organized blind movement is still very actively wrestling with. Michael Hingson ** 39:02 I think it's a real tough thing. I think that blindness shouldn't be what defines me, but it's part of what defines me, and it shouldn't be that way. It is one of the characteristics that I happen to have, which is why I prefer that we start recognizing that disability doesn't mean lack of ability. Disability is a characteristic that manifests itself in different ways to people and in our case, blindness as part of that. For Women. Women is being a woman as part of it for men being a man as part of it for being short or tall, or black or whatever. Those are all part of what defines us. I do think that the National Federation of the Blind was an organization that evolved because, as I said earlier, we're not being included in the conversation and I think that for the Federation and blindness is the most important thing and ought to be the most important thing. And I think that we need to be very careful as an organization about that. Because if we get too bogged down in every other kind of characteristic that defines people, and move away too much from dealing with blindness, we will weaken what the message and the goals of the National Federation of the Blind are. But we do need to recognize that blindness isn't the only game in town, like eyesight isn't the only game in town. But for us, blindness is the main game in town, because it's what we deal with as an organization. Well, Andrew Leland ** 40:40 how do you reconcile that with the idea that you were talking about before with with, you know, with the argument that like, you know, with the historical example of, you know, it's the same fight the suffragettes and like it because it doesn't that kind of, isn't that kind of contradicting that idea that like, having the intersection of identities, you know, and these movements all being linked by some kind of grand or systemic oppression, you know, so it is it is relevant? Well, Michael Hingson ** 41:06 it is, yeah, and I'm not saying it any way that it's not relevant. What I am saying, though, is the case of the Grimm case, sisters, he wanted their support and support of other supportive other people, Garrison did in terms of dealing with abolition, which was appropriate, their main focus was women's suffrage, but it doesn't mean that they can't be involved in and recognize that we all are facing discrimination, and that we can start shaping more of our messages to be more inclusive. And that's the thing that that I don't think is happening nearly as much as it ought to. The fact is that, it doesn't mean that blind people shouldn't be concerned about or dealing with LGBTQ or color, or gender or whatever. Yeah. But our main common binding characteristic is that we're all blind men. So for us, as an organization, that should be what we mostly focus on. It also doesn't mean that we shouldn't be aware of and advocate for and fight for other things as well. But as an organization, collectively, the goal really needs to be dealing with blindness, because if you dilute it too much, then you're not dealing with blindness. And the problem with blindness as being a low incidence disability, that's all too easy to make happen. Right? Andrew Leland ** 42:35 Yeah. Yeah, it's interesting. Yeah, it's interesting, just thinking about that question of dilution versus strengthening, you know, because I think I think if you ask somebody in the Disability Justice Movement, the dilution happens precisely, with an overemphasis on a single disability, right, and then you lose these like broader coalition's that you can build to, you know, I think I think it comes down to maybe like the way that you are our analysts analyzing the structures of oppression, right, like, right, what is it that's creating that 70% unemployment? Is it something specifically about blindness? Or is it like a broader ableist structure that is connected to a broader racist structure? You know, that's connected to a broader misogynist structure? You know, and I think if you start thinking in those structural terms, then like, coalition building makes a lot more sense, because it's like, I mean, you know, I don't know what kind of political affiliation or what but political orientation to take with us, you know, but certainly the Disability Justice Movement is pretty radically to the left, right. And I think traditionally, the NFB, for instance, has had a lot more socially conservative members and leaders. And so it's, you know, that reconciliation feels almost impossibly vast to to think of like an organization like the NFB taking the kind of like, abolitionist stance that a lot of these disability justice groups take to say, like, actually, capitalism is the problem, right. So yeah, so I mean, the thought experiment only goes so far, like, what like a Disability Justice oriented NFP would look like. But you know, that I think there are young members, you know, and I do think it's a generational thing too. Like, I think there are NF beers in their 20s and 30s, who are really wrestling with those questions right now. And I'm really interested to see what they come up with. Michael Hingson ** 44:29 I think that the biggest value that the NFB brings overall, and I've actually heard this from some ACB people as well, is that the ENFP has a consistent philosophy about what blindness is and what blindness is. And and that is probably the most important thing that the NFP needs to ensure that it that it doesn't lose. But I think that the whole and the NFP used to be totally As coalition building that goes back to Jernigan and Mauer, although Mauer started to change some of that, and I think it will evolve. But you know, the NFB. And blind people in general have another issue that you sort of brought up in the book, you talk about people who are deaf and hard of hearing, that they form into communities and that they, they have a culture. And we don't see nearly as much of that in the blindness world. And so as a result, we still have blind people or sighted people referring to us and and not ever being called out as blind or visually impaired. But you don't find in the deaf community that people are talking about deaf or hearing impaired, you're liable to be shot. It's deaf or hard of hearing. And yeah, the reality is, it ought to be blind or low vision, because visually impaired is ridiculous on several levels visually, we're not different and impaired. What that's that's a horrible thing to say. But as a as an as a group. I was going to use community, but I but I guess the community isn't, as well formed to deal with it yet. We're not there. And so all too often, we talk about or hear about visually impaired or visual impairment. And that continues to promote the problem that we're trying to eliminate. Mm Andrew Leland ** 46:22 hmm. Yeah. Yeah, that question of blank community is fascinating. And yeah. And I do think that I mean, you know, from my reading the book, I certainly have found blank community. But, you know, if I really think about it, if I'm really being honest, I think it's more that I've met, it's, you know, my work on the book has given me access to really cool blind people that I have gotten to become friends with, you know, that feels different than, like, welcome to this club, where we meet, you know, on Tuesdays and have our cool like, blind, you know, paragliding meetups, you know, not that not that people aren't doing that, like, then they're a really, you know, I would like to get more if I lived in a more urban center, I'm sure it would be involved in like, you know, the blind running club or whatever, willing to hang out with blind people more regularly, but it doesn't feel like a big community in that way. And it's interesting to think about why. You know, I think one big reason is that it's not, it's not familial, in the same way, you know, Andrew Solomon wrote a really interesting book called far from the tree that gets at this where, you know, like, the when, when, when a child has a different identity than a parent, like, you know, deaf children of hearing adults, you know, there doesn't, there isn't a culture that builds up around that, you know, and it's really like these big deaf families that you have with inherited forms of deafness, or, you know, and then schools for the deaf, that, you know, and with deaf culture in particular, you know, really what we're talking about is language, you know, in sign language, right, creates a whole rich culture around it. Whereas, with hearing blind people, you know, they're more isolated, they're not necessarily automatically you have to, you have to really work to find the other blind people, you know, with, with travel being difficult, it's a lot easier to just like, Get get to the public library to meet up in the first place, and so on. So, yeah, it feels a lot more fractured. And so I think you do see groups more like the NFB or the ACB, who are organizing around political action, rather than, you know, like a culture of folks hanging out going to a movie with open audio description, although, I will say that the weeks that I spent at the Colorado Center for the Blind, you know, which is, you know, you can think of it as like a, you know, it's a training center, but in some ways, it's like an intentional blind community do right where you're like, that's like a blind commune or something. I mean, that is just a beautiful experience, that it's not for everyone in terms of their their training method. But if it is for you, like, wow, like for just such a powerful experience to be in a community, because that is a real community. And it nothing will radically change your sense of what it means to be blind and what it means to be in a black community than then living for a while at a place like that. It was a really transformative experience for me. Michael Hingson ** 49:11 Do you think that especially as the younger generations are evolving and coming up, that we may see more of a development of a community in the blindness in the blindness world? Or do you think that the other forces are just going to keep that from happening? Well, Andrew Leland ** 49:30 you know, one of the things that I discovered in writing the book was that, you know, and this is sort of contradicting what I just said, because there there is a blind community. And, you know, I read in the book like, at first I thought that blind techies were another subculture of blindness, like blind birders are blind skateboarders, right. But then the more I looked into it, the more I realized that like being a techie is actually like a kind of a basic feature of being a blind person in the world. You know, and I don't hear if it's 2023 or 1823, you know, because if you think about the problem of blindness, which is access to information, by and large, you know, you basically have to become a self styled information technologist, right? To, to get what you need, whether it's the newspaper, or textbooks or signs, road signs, or whatever else. So. So I do and I do think that like, you know, when my dad was living in the Bay Area in the 90s, you know, when I would go visit him, you know, he was a techie, a sighted techie. And, you know, he would always be part of like, the Berkeley Macintosh user group, just be like, these nerds emailing each other, or, you know, I don't even know if email was around, it was like, late 80s. You know, but people who have like the Mac 512, KS, and they would, they would connect with each other about like, Well, how did you deal with this problem? And like, what kind of serial port blah, blah, blah? And that's a community, right? I mean, those people hang out, they get rise together. And if there's anything like a blind community, it's the blind techie community, you know, and I like to tell the story about Jonathan mosun. I'm sure you've encountered him in your trailer. I know Jonathan. Yeah. You know, so I, when I discovered his podcast, which is now called Living blind, fully blind, fully, yeah. Yeah. I, I was like, oh, okay, here are the conversations I've been looking for, because he will very regularly cover the kind of like social identity questions that I'm interested in, like, you know, is Braille like, is the only way for a blind person to have true literacy through Braille? Or is using a screen reader literacy, you know? Or like, is there such a thing as blind pride? And if so, what is it? I was like? These are the kinds of questions I was asking. And so I was so delighted to find it. But then in order to, in order to get to those conversations, you have to sit through like 20 minutes of like, one password on Windows 11 stopped working when I upgraded from Windows 10 to Windows 11. And so like, what, you know, if you what Jaws command, can I use in and I was like, why is this? Why is there like 20 minutes of Jaws chat in between these, like, really interesting philosophical conversations. And eventually, I realized, like, oh, because that's like, what this community needs and what it's interested in. And so in some ways, like the real blind community is like the user group, which I think is actually a beautiful thing. Yeah. Michael Hingson ** 52:14 Well, it is definitely a part of it. And we do have to be information technologists, in a lot of ways. Have you met? And do you know, Curtis Chang, Andrew Leland ** 52:23 I've met him very briefly at an NFB convention. So Curtis, Michael Hingson ** 52:28 and I have known each other Gosh, since the 1970s. And we both are very deeply involved in a lot of things with technology. He worked in various aspects of assistive technology worked at the NFB center for a while and things like that, but he always talks about how blind people and and I've heard this and other presentations around the NFB, where blind people as Curtis would put it, have to muddle through and figure out websites. And, and the fact is, we do it, because there are so many that are inaccessible. I joined accessibe two years ago, two and a half years ago. And there are a lot of people that don't like the artificial, intelligent process that accessibe uses. It works however, and people don't really look far enough that we're not, I think, being as visionary as we ought to be. We're not doing what we did with Ray Kurzweil. And look, when the Kurzweil project started with the NFB Jernigan had to be dragged kicking and screaming into it, but Ray was so emphatic. And Jim Gasol at the Washington office, finally convinced kindred again to let him go see, raised machine, but the rules were that it didn't matter what Ray would put on the machine to read it and had to read what Gasol brought up. Well, he brought it did and the relationship began, and it's been going ever since and, and I worked, running the project and the sense on a day to day basis, I traveled I lived out of hotels and suitcases for 18 months as we put machines all over and then I went to work for Ray. And then I ended up having to go into sales selling not the reading machine, but the data entry machine, but I guess I kept to consistently see the vision that Ray was bringing, and I think he helped drag, in some ways the NFB as an organization, more into technology than it was willing to do before. Interesting. Andrew Leland ** 54:27 Yeah, I heard a similar comment. The one thing I got wrong in the first edition of the book that I'm correcting for subsequent reprints, but I really bungled the description of the Opticon. And my friend, Robert Engel Britton, who's a linguist at Rice University, who collects opera cones. I think he has got probably like a dozen of them in his house. You know, he helped me you know, because I didn't have a chance to use one. Right he helped me get a better version of it. But he also sent me a quote, I think it was from Jernigan was similar thing where like, I think they were trying to get the public I'm included with, you know, voc rehab, so that that students could not voc rehab or whatever like so that students could get blind students could use them. And it was the same thing of like, you know, this newfangled gizmo is not going to help, you know, Braille is what kids need. So I do that, that's all to say that that makes sense to me that resistance to technology, you know, and it's like, it's a, it's a, it's a sort of conservative stance of like, we understand that what blind people need are is Braille and access to, you know, equal access. And don't don't try to give us any anything else. And you know, and I think, to be fair, like, even though the Opticon sounded like an incredibly useful tool, as is, of course, the Kurzweil Reading Machine and everything that followed from it. There. There is, you know, talking, I talked to Josh Meili, for the book, who's who now works at Amazon, you know, he had this great story about his mentor, Bill, Gary, who, who would, who would basically get a phone call, like once a week from a well, very well meaning like retired sighted engineer, who would say like, oh, you know, what the blind need? It's like the laser cane, right? Or the Yeah, it's like, basically like a sippy cup for blind people like so that they don't spill juice all over themselves. And, you know, and Gary would very patiently be like, Oh, actually, they don't think that that would be helpful to do probably, yeah. Talk to a blind person first, maybe before you spend any more time trying to invent something that blind people don't need. So I think that resistance to like newfangled technology, there's a good reason for it. Well, Michael Hingson ** 56:26 there is but the willingness to take the Opticon. Look, I think the fastest I ever heard of anybody reading with an optical was like 70 or 80 words a minute, and there are only a few people who did that. Yeah. You know, Candy Lynnville, the daughter of the engineer who invented it, could and Sue Mel Rose, who was someone I knew, was able to and a few people were but what the Opticon did do even if it was slow, yeah, it was it still gave you access to information that you otherwise didn't get access to. And, and I had an optic on for a while. And the point was, you could learn to read and learn printed letters and learn to read them. It wasn't fast. But you could still do it. Yeah. And so it, it did help. But it wasn't going to be the panacea. I think that tele sensory systems wanted it to be you know, and then you talked about Harvey Lauer who also develop and was involved in developing the stereo toner, which was the audience since the audio version of the optic comm where everything was represented audio wise, and, and I spent a lot of time with Harvey Harvey at Heinz a long time ago. But the the fact is, I think the question is valid is listening, and so on literacy is literacy, like Braille. And I think there is a difference there is, are you illiterate, if you can't read Braille, you point out the issues about grammar, the issues about spelling and so on. And I think that there is a valid reason for people learning Braille at the Colorado Center, they would tell you, for senior blind people, you may not learn much Braille, but you can learn enough to be able to take notes and things like that, or, or put labels on your, your soup cans, and so on. So it's again, going to be different for different people. But we are in a society where Braille has been so de emphasized. And that's the fault of the educational system for not urging and insisting that more people be able to use Braille. And that's something that we do have to deal with. So I think there is a literacy problem when people don't learn braille. But I also think that, again, there are a lot of things that Braille would be good for, but using audio makes it go faster. It doesn't mean you shouldn't learn braille, though, right? Yeah, Andrew Leland ** 58:51 no, it's another I think it's interesting. And it's a related idea, this, this sense that technology, you know, this like, just sort of wave your hands and say the word technology as a sort of panacea, where I think, you know, it's, it's a tragic story where, where people will say, Oh, well, you know, little Johnny has, you know, some vision. So like, he could just use technology, like he doesn't need Braille. And it's fascinating to me, because I never really felt it. And maybe it's because I encountered Braille at a point in my development as a blind person that I really was hungry for it. But, you know, people talk about Braille the way they talked about the white cane, like the white cane, I felt so much shame about using in public, and it's such, it's just so stigmatized, whereas Braille, I just always thought it was kind of cool. But you know, you hear it so much from parents where they it's just like their heartbreak seeing their child reading with their fingers, which is, you know, and so as a result, they're like, why don't I just buy like a gigantic magnifier, that maybe in five years, you're not gonna be able to use anyway, but like, at least you're reading the same type of book that Michael Hingson ** 59:56 half hour or 45 minutes until you start getting headaches. Exactly. And that, you know, I worked on a proposal once. I was an evaluator for it. We were in a school in Chicago, and one of the teachers talked about Sally who could see and Johnny, who was totally blind, literally, it was Sally and Johnny. And she said, Sally gets to read print, Johnny has to read Braille. Sally couldn't read print very fast. her eyesight wasn't good. Yeah, she got to read print. And Johnny had to read Braille. Yeah, it's the kind of thing that we we see all the time. And it's so unfortunate. So yeah, I, I do understand a lot of the technology resistance. But again, people like Ray helped us vision a little differently. But unfortunately, getting that conversation to other people, outside of the NFB community, like teachers and so on, is so hard because so many people are looking at it from a science point of view and not recognizing it as it should be. The the NFB did a video that did it. Several, they have had a whole series of things regarding Braille. But they interviewed a number of people who had some residual vision, who were never allowed to learn to read Braille. And invariably, these people say how horrible it was that they didn't get to learn to read Braille, they learned it later. And they're, they're reading slower than they really should. But they see the value of it. And it's important that we hopefully work to change some of those conversations. Yeah, Andrew Leland ** 1:01:33 I mean, it gets back to our earlier in our conversation a
Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Rethink Priorities: Seeking Expressions of Interest for Special Projects Next Year, published by kierangreig on November 29, 2023 on The Effective Altruism Forum. Rethink Priorities' (RP's) Special Projects (SP) Team is looking for new impactful projects we can support in 2024! Key Points A key strength of RP is its operations, and we aim to share the wealth of operational knowledge accumulated by RP to benefit other high-impact projects. We enable projects to focus on their core activities rather than operational concerns, freeing up time for impactful direct work In 2023, we grew to a team of 5 FTE staff dedicated to operations for Special Projects, and we fiscally sponsored [sorted alphabetically]: Apollo Research Condor Camp Effective Altruism Consulting Network Epoch Existential Risk Alliance Quantified Uncertainty Research Institute The Insect Institute In addition we provided services to: Cooperative AI Foundation We expect to have capacity to onboard new projects in early 2024. If you'd like to get involved, please reach out by submitting an Expression of Interest form. About the Special Projects Program The SP team provides fee-based fiscal sponsorship and support to projects that are led by individuals outside of RP. Within this model, the project's founders maintain autonomy and decision-making authority while we provide them with operational support and fiduciary oversight and share our tax-exempt status. Each project is assigned a dedicated point of contact within the Special Project team, to guarantee effective communication and tailored support. We will have capacity to take on more projects from the beginning of 2024. How to apply If you need fiscal sponsorship and operational support and have funding or anticipate receiving funding for work that aligns with RP's mission and vision, we encourage you to send in a new or updated expression of interest via our online form (which should take 5-10 minutes to complete). We would ideally like to receive expressions of interest by January 5th, 2024 and will follow up with applicants on the next stage of our selection process in the following two weeks. If you have any questions, please feel free to get in touch. We look forward to hearing more about your projects and learning more about how working with the Special Projects team could help maximize your impact! Please note, RP observes a winter break starting December 18th and we will not be checking inboxes again until January 2nd. We expect projects to comply with your country's applicable laws, RP's employment practices (particularly our anti-harassment and conflict of interest policies), and other responsibilities described in the fiscal sponsorship agreement that you would sign with us. These are designed to help everyone enjoy a safe and inclusive workspace and to ensure that RP and your project can continue to benefit from our status as a nonprofit organization. Our Services The exact services we provide depend on the project, and may include: Fiscal sponsorship Receiving tax exempt grant funds Handling tax and legal compliance issues Accounting Finance and benefits administration Hiring as employees [via our U.S. or U.K. legal entities, or internationally via our EOR, in compliance with local laws]. We can legally hire in many countries. Managing employee benefits and payroll Invoicing and contracting / purchasing and reimbursements Helping manage project budgets Getting work visas in the U.S. or U.K. [we cannot guarantee the outcome of any visa applications, and would discuss options if unsuccessful, etc.] Researching legal and operational issues Recruitment/hiring Running hiring rounds Develop hiring and interview materials Fundraising support Coordinating and reviewing grant applications (please note that we are not able to write grant applications...
On today's episode, Suzy is trying out her #ASMR voice (not really LOL) and Kelsey has a SUPER hot take on #Shohei staying on the #Angels (say WHAT?!?) -Peter Seidler - #Padres owner passes away What does that mean for payroll? Mike Schildt named manager #JuanSoto trade rumors -Pat Murphy (bench coach) named manager for Brewers -Cashman comments about Stanton/Stanton's rep response -the A's relocating to Vegas: not so officially official -Oakland Ballers HOT STOVE: The #Phillies re-signed #Nola for 7 years, $172 million. Turned down big offers from #Dodgers and #Braves #Cardinals sign #LanceLynn, #KyleGibson, #SonnyGray. Average age of the starting rotation is 35 years old. #ReynaldoLopez goes from the #Guardians to #Braves- will start for the Braves #PaulDeJong signed by the #WhiteSox - #EugenioSuarez traded to the #Dbacks from the #Mariners for #SebyZavala & a flame throwing RP…. -$299 for all home games - #KentaMaeda signs w/ the #DetroitTigers 2 for 24M, 14 for 24, 10 for 25 - #OmarLopez promoted to bench coach from 1B Coach for the #Astros - #HallOfFame ballots are out #FREEBILLYWAGNER #BillyWagnerForHOF THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR ALL THE LISTENS/FOLLOWS!! Please keep sharing and spreading our pod around! You can find us on the socials: Check out our personal Twitter: @Baseball_SuzyQ / Kelsey - @kburdtweets and the show Twitter: @BourbonNBBall IG: BourbonAndBaseballPod / @bourbonandbaseballpod If you like what you heard, please don't forget to like/share/subscribe RATE and REVIEW! We'd love to hear from you! We are most active on Twitter, so c'mon over. --- Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/suzy-fulton/support
The long awaited confrontation with the scariest (and shiftiest) member of the Strike Team looms large, and vengeance for multiple murders hangs in the balance. With the freshly geas'ed baker, Shitbritches, and the MILF currently at least not NOT on their side, will Team NYC (fka Team TBD) finally neutralize the fake fantasy pope without meeting the same fate as Callum, Nate, and the Commander (twice)?...Djinny debuts an explosive new act. Aoife throws a perfect spiral. Brenna gets hotter than even she could have imagined....Come scream into the void with us on social media! Find Team TBD @allegedlydndpod on Instagram, Facebook, and tumblr... allegedly....Main Theme Music:“Albion” by Alexander Shalyapin (Delenfer)Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 LicenseUnderscore Music:“Solitude of an Era” by Alexander Nakarada (http://www.serpentsoundstudios.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 License"Tenebrous Brothers Carnival - Intermission" Kevin MacLeod (http://www.incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License"Lightless Dawn" Kevin MacLeod (http://www.incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License"Darkling" Kevin MacLeod (http://www.incompetech.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License
0:28 Mike's Thanksgiving plans 3:01 Nick's Thanksgiving plans 5:31 Holiday eating rules from RP 10:05 Timing holidays for a mass gain phase 14:40 "All in" holiday eating 18:50 Lori used to make wayyyy too many cookies 23:51 Maintenance eating through the holidays 33:58 Fat loss diets fail during holidays 37:45 How to diet during holidays if you must 47:25 Food palatability reward hypothesis 57:18 Trying to fit “normal" food into a diet
In honor of “Marginal Funding Week” for 2023 Giving Season on the EA Forum, I'd like to tell you what Rethink Priorities (RP) would do with funding beyond what we currently expect to raise from our major funders, and to emphasize that RP currently has a significant funding gap even after taking these major funders into account.A personal appealHi. I know it's traditional in EA to stick to the facts and avoid emotional content, but I can't help but interject and say that this fundraising appeal is a bit different. It is personal to me. It's not just a list of things that we could take or leave, it's a fight for RP to survive the way I want it to as an organization that is intellectually independent and serves the EA community.To be blunt, our funding situation is not where we want it to be. 2023 has been a [...] ---Outline:(07:00) General(07:03) $1K - $10K per research work to allow us to publish our backlog of research(11:29) Worldview Investigations(11:33) $200K to do cause prioritization research and build on the cross-cause model(14:27) $500K to do more worldview cause exploration(14:58) Surveys and Data Analysis(15:02) $60K to run the next EA Survey(16:01) $40K-100K to more rigorously understand branding for EA and existential risk(17:56) $25K-$100K to more rigorously understand EA's growth trajectory(18:53) $40K to more rigorously understand branding for AI risk outreach(19:35) $50K to more rigorously understand why people drop out of EA(20:03) Animal welfare(21:17) $250K to create a review of interventions to reduce the consumption of animal products(22:10) $38K to create a Farmed Animals Impact Tracker(23:09) $60K to understand interventions that would address crustacean welfare(23:39) $50K for development and implementation of an insect farming welfare ask(24:32) $100K to develop a database of possible near-term interventions for wild animals(25:15) $75K to do a theory of change status report for the animal advocacy movement(26:13) $300K to develop a better system similar to QALYs/DALYs but for animals(27:18) Global Health and Development(27:22) $405K to pilot our Value of Research model(29:21) AI Governance(29:25) $15K to write up learnings from spending a year attempting longtermist incubation(30:07) $114K to train an additional AI policy researcher(31:05) Included with your donation: talent pipelines and field building(33:45) Conclusion(36:19) Acknowledgements--- First published: November 21st, 2023 Source: https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/cMcEBSNiy4meDrmuE/rethink-priorities-needs-your-support-here-s-what-we-d-do --- Narrated by TYPE III AUDIO.
Ready for a financial planning Q&A? In this episode of The Australian Finance Podcast, Rask's Chief Investment Officer Owen Rask and Alex Luck, co-founder of Everest Wealth, answer your financial planning questions and tip-toe around the important topics of Super and insurance. Every week, Rask's panel of experts answer your questions, no matter which channel you list to. ASK YOUR QUESTION: https://bit.ly/3QtiY00 In this episode, Owen Rask & Alex Luck cover: 1. How much does it cost to get financial advice and how does it work? 2. What are the most common 'problem areas' in someone's financial life? 3. Can I claim on two insurance policies at once? Trauma/Critical Illness and Income Protection 4. Do I pay tax if I don't get dividends or sell my shares? 5. Why is Owen/Rask no longer bullish on Core Lithium (ASX: CXO)? Because we never liked it! 6. How can I invest for my kids?
Episode 099 | James Rath joins the podcast! In this episode, James chats with Lance about being a legally-blind filmmaker and YouTuber, the ups and downs of hosting a travel show, why the entertainment industry should authentically cast more blind and disabled talent, and more! SEE-THROUGH is hosted by Lance Johnson. Based in New York City, Lance is a video editor living with a rare and incurable eye condition called retinitis pigmentosa (or RP for short). In most cases, RP causes legal-blindness by the age of 40. Now 33, Lance uses SEE-THROUGH as a platform to explore his inevitable future of blindness through his transparent conversations with his guests. ------------------------- SUPPORT SEE-THROUGH: Merch: https://seethroughpod.com/merch ------------------------- JAMES RATH LINKS: Website: https://jamesrath.la/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jamesrath YouTube: www.youtube.com/@jamesrath Blindspots (CuriosityStream): https://tv.apple.com/us/show/blindspots/umc.cmc.3vcigxqm098fwpekxft4yec65 ------------------------- SEE-THROUGH LINKS: Subscribe: https://bit.ly/3JRSPEO Instagram: https://instagram.com/seethroughpod TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@seethroughpod Twitter: https://twitter.com/seethroughpod Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/seethroughpod Website: https://www.seethroughpod.com/
Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Rethink Priorities needs your support. Here's what we'd do with it., published by Peter Wildeford on November 21, 2023 on The Effective Altruism Forum. In honor of "Marginal Funding Week" for 2023 Giving Season on the EA Forum, I'd like to tell you what Rethink Priorities (RP) would do with funding beyond what we currently expect to raise from our major funders, and to emphasize that RP currently has a significant funding gap even after taking these major funders into account. A personal appeal Hi. I know it's traditional in EA to stick to the facts and avoid emotional content, but I can't help but interject and say that this fundraising appeal is a bit different. It is personal to me. It's not just a list of things that we could take or leave, it's a fight for RP to survive the way I want it to as an organization that is intellectually independent and serves the EA community. To be blunt, our funding situation is not where we want it to be. 2023 has been a hard year for fundraising. A lot of what we've been building over the past few years is at risk right now. If you like RP, my sense is donating now is an unusually good time. We are at the point where receiving $1,000 - $10,000 each from a handful of individual donors would genuinely make an important difference to the future trajectory of RP and decide what we can and cannot do next year. We are currently seeking to raise at least $110K total from donors donating under $100K each. We are already ~$25K towards that goal, so there's $85K remaining towards our goal. We also hope to receive more support from larger givers as well. To be clear, this isn't just about funding growth. An RP that does not receive additional funding right now will be worse in several concrete ways. Funding gaps may force us to: Focus more on non-published, client-driven work that will never be released to the community (because we cannot afford to do so) Stop running the EA Survey, survey updates about FTX, and other community survey projects Do fewer of our own creative ideas (e.g., CURVE sequence, moral weights work) Be unable to run several of our most promising research projects (see below) Reduce things we think are important - like opportunities for research teams to meet in person and opportunities for staff to do further professional development. Spend significant amounts of time fundraising next year, distracting from our core work For unfamiliar readers, some of our track and impact to date includes: Contributing significantly to burgeoning fields, such as invertebrate welfare. Led the way in exploring novel promising approaches to help trillions of animals, by launching the Insect Institute and uncovering the major scale of shrimp production Completing the Moral Weight Project to try to help funders decide how to best allocate resources across species. Producing >40 reports commissioned by Open Philanthropy and GiveWell answering their questions to inform their global health and development portfolios. Producing the EA Survey and surveys on the impact of FTX on the EA brand that were used by many EA orgs and local groups Conducting over 200 tailored surveys and data analysis projects to help many organizations working on global priorities. Launching projects such as Condor Camp and fiscally sponsoring organizations like Epoch and Apollo Research via our Special Projects team, which provides operational support. Setting up an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Governance and Strategy team and evolving it into a think tank that has already published multiple influential reports. Please help us keep RP impactful with your support. Why does RP need money from individuals when there are large donors supporting you? It's commonly assumed that RP must get all the money it needs from large institutions. But this is not the case - we've histor...
Welcome to my RP life and in this episode Debbie and I talk about people who fall in love during lockup while being incarcerated. And also some of the craziest things they have to go through when they get out of prison. Please Subscribe and follow me on all the platforms anger puts me on. Welcome to my RP life
When you immerse yourself in the world of money and investing, you begin to realise not everyone knows what they're talking about, and there's a lot of noise and misdirection you need to swim past and mistakes to make and overcome. We're here to help you fast-track your journey a bit by sharing some of the things to avoid that we've learnt from our own experiences. In this episode, Kate Campbell and Owen Rask discuss some critical things to avoid on your personal finance and investing journey.
A BIG THANKS TO OUR SPONSOR, REDEEMER UNIVERSITY! WE APPRECIATE YOU HELPING US MAKE THIS CONVERSATION POSSIBLE. BE SURE TO CHECK THEM OUT AT WWW.REDEEMER.CA Another Real Talk Round Up for you this Monday. Joining us as usual is RP's Jon Dykstra. We're covering the last three fascinating episodes covering how the Gospel is spreading Indonesia, Dordt University and a theology of culture as well as a discussion on the struggles of real estate and investing as a Christian. Jon also leaves us with some great book recommendations for your kids. Check them out here! Hope you enjoy this recap. Stay tuned for a whole lot of new content coming soon! 0:00 - Intro 2:30 - Indonesia & The Gospel Takeaways 9:30 - Dordt University & A Theology of Culture 31:00 - Real Estate Discussion To keep up with the podcast, check out our website: https://www.realtalkpodcast.ca/ Follow us on Facebook and Instagram for updates, clips, and more! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ReformedRealTalk Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/reformedrealtalk/ We'd love to hear from you. Please send us your questions, comments, or other feedback at firstname.lastname@example.org. Thanks for listening! If you liked what you heard, please share this podcast with your family and friends!
Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Open Phil Should Allocate Most Neartermist Funding to Animal Welfare, published by Ariel Simnegar on November 19, 2023 on The Effective Altruism Forum. Thanks to Michael St. Jules for his comments. Key Takeaways The evidence that animal welfare dominates in neartermism is strong. Open Philanthropy (OP) should scale up its animal welfare allocation over several years to approach a majority of OP's neartermist grantmaking. If OP disagrees, they should practice reasoning transparency by clarifying their views: How much weight does OP's theory of welfare place on pleasure and pain, as opposed to nonhedonic goods? Precisely how much more does OP value one unit of a human's welfare than one unit of another animal's welfare, just because the former is a human? How does OP derive this tradeoff? How would OP's views have to change for OP to prioritize animal welfare in neartermism? Summary Rethink Priorities (RP)'s moral weight research endorses the claim that the best animal welfare interventions are orders of magnitude (1000x) more cost-effective than the best neartermist alternatives. Avoiding this conclusion seems very difficult: Rejecting hedonism (the view that only pleasure and pain have moral value) is not enough, because even if pleasure and pain are only 1% of what's important, the conclusion still goes through. Rejecting unitarianism (the view that the moral value of a being's welfare is independent of the being's species) is not enough. Even if just for being human, one accords one unit of human welfare 100x the value of one unit of another animal's welfare, the conclusion still goes through. Skepticism of formal philosophy is not enough, because the argument for animal welfare dominance can be made without invoking formal philosophy. By analogy, although formal philosophical arguments can be made for longtermism, they're not required for longtermist cause prioritization. Even if OP accepts RP's conclusion, they may have other reasons why they don't allocate most neartermist funding to animal welfare. Though some of OP's possible reasons may be fair, if anything, they'd seem to imply a relaxation of this essay's conclusion rather than a dismissal. It seems like these reasons would also broadly apply to AI x-risk within longtermism. However, OP didn't seem put off by these reasons when they allocated a majority of longtermist funding to AI x-risk in 2017, 2019, and 2021. I request that OP clarify their views on whether or not animal welfare dominates in neartermism. The Evidence Endorses Prioritizing Animal Welfare in Neartermism GiveWell estimates that its top charity (Against Malaria Foundation) can prevent the loss of one year of life for every $100 or so. We've estimated that corporate campaigns can spare over 200 hens from cage confinement for each dollar spent. If we roughly imagine that each hen gains two years of 25%-improved life, this is equivalent to one hen-life-year for every $0.01 spent. If you value chicken life-years equally to human life-years, this implies that corporate campaigns do about 10,000x as much good per dollar as top charities. … If one values humans 10-100x as much, this still implies that corporate campaigns are a far better use of funds (100-1,000x). Holden Karnofsky, "Worldview Diversification" (2016) "Worldview Diversification" (2016) describes OP's approach to cause prioritization. At the time, OP's research found that if the interests of animals are "at least 1-10% as important" as those of humans, then "animal welfare looks like an extraordinarily outstanding cause, potentially to the point of dominating other options". After the better part of a decade, the latest and most rigorous research funded by OP has endorsed a stronger claim: Any significant moral weight for animals implies that OP should prioritize animal welfare in ne...
Shoutout to Boynton Beach, Florida's own Nova Loosecanon for coming on my show for an interview. Nova discussed his newest record RP's, his mother sending him to Haiti when he was younger, and artists from Haiti lacking great marketing. He talked about starting from scratch in regards to building a new team around him, wanting to work with Kodak Black, and artists today not having individuality like the legends. Nova also got into his plans for 2024, his upcoming project, and why he's next up in Florida. Stay tuned! Nova Loosecanon's music is available on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@novaloosecanon and Apple Music: https://music.apple.com/us/artist/nova-loosecanon/1412355950. Follow Nova Loosecanon on Instagram: @novaloosecanon Shoutout to L Nyce for connecting us! Follow L Nyce on Instagram and Twitter: @lnyce Follow me on Instagram and Twitter: @thereelmax Website: https://maxcoughlan.com/index.html. Website live show streaming link: https://maxcoughlan.com/sports-and-hip-hop-with-dj-mad-max-live-stream.html. MAD MAX Radio on Live365: https://live365.com/station/MAD-MAX-Radio-a15096. Subscribe to my YouTube channel Sports and Hip Hop with DJ Mad Max: https://m.youtube.com/channel/UCE0107atIPV-mVm0M3UJyPg. Nova Loosecanon on "Sports and Hip-Hop with DJ Mad Max" visual on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PuIAGIf12gs.
Dr Shane is joined this week by EAGG colleague Dr Suzi. As well as science news, the team is joined by an eclectic mix of guests.Dr Michalis Hadjikakou Deakin University, discusses the complex dynamics and varied environmental impacts relating to food production. Olly Dove PhD Candidate University of Tasmania joins Dr Shane to discuss her work regarding foraging behaviour of sea birds.Ashleigh Geiger University of Adelaide & the SAHMRI gene editing program, shares insight into Retinitis pigmentosa (RP).The team also share some science news relating to the connection between marathons and myelin production, and Dr Shane provides an update regarding his most recent purchase (and love) of solar panels.
Want to know our BEST purchases under $30? ⚠️ Warning: This is not a serious episode, but we have a whole back catalogue for that. In this episode, Kate, Owen and our producer Monique discuss their top three purchases under $30 recently that have improved their life. They also discuss their favourite books at the moment and what's happening in the world of Rask right now. Money & Chill is a monthly segment on The Australian Finance Podcast featuring Kate, Owen and our producer Monique. We chat about the personal finance and investing news, hacks & lessons, we discover during the month, along with Rask and community updates.
Kids cost how much?! In today's episode, Kate Campbell chats with Ana Kresina about her brand new book, Kids Ain't Cheap: How to plan financially for parenthood and your family's future. Ana talks about everything you should consider before having kids, the big costs involved, navigating child care and parental leave and having conversations with your partners.
Team TBD looks for ways to shorten the odds against them as they prep to take on the final few strike team members....Djinny makes it work and gets the team rebrand runway ready. Aoife picks up croissants and lays down a game-changing spell. Brenna slumbies (NOT slumber party, that's different)....Come scream into the void with us on social media! Find Team TBD @allegedlydndpod on Instagram, Facebook, and tumblr... allegedly....Main Theme Music:“Albion” by Alexander Shalyapin (Delenfer)Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 LicenseUnderscore Music:“Solitude of an Era” by Alexander Nakarada (http://www.serpentsoundstudios.com)Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 License“Monkeys Spinning Monkeys” by Kevin MacLeod (http://incompetech.com )Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 License
Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Rethink Priorities' 2023 Summary, 2024 Strategy, and Funding Gaps, published by kierangreig on November 15, 2023 on The Effective Altruism Forum. The remainder of this post is the executive summary of a longer document available in full here. Executive Summary Rethink Priorities (RP) is a research and implementation group. We research pressing opportunities and implement solutions to make the world better. We act upon these opportunities by developing and implementing strategies, projects, and solutions to address key issues. We do this work in close partnership with a variety of organizations including foundations and impact-focused nonprofits. This year's highlights include: Early traction we have had on AI governance work Exploring how risk aversion influences cause prioritization Creating a cost-effectiveness tool to compare different causes Foundational work on shrimp welfare Consulting with GiveWell and Open Philanthropy (OP) on top global health and development opportunities Key updates for us this year include: Launching a new Worldview Investigations team, who, over the course of the year, rounded off initial work on the Moral Weight Project prior to completing a sequence on " Causes and Uncertainty: Rethinking Value in Expectation" Launching the Institute for AI Policy & Strategy (IAPS), which evolved out of our AI Governance and Strategy Team. More information can be found at IAPS's announcement post Commencing four new fiscal sponsorships for unaffiliated groups (e.g., Apollo Research and the Effective Altruism Consulting Network) Fundraising was comparatively more difficult this year, and we think that funding gaps are the key bottleneck on our impact. All our published research can be found here. Over 2023, we worked on approximately 160 research pieces or outputs. Our research directly informed grants made by other organizations of a volume at least similar to the one of our operating budget (i.e., over $10M). Further, through our Special Projects program, we supported 11 external organizations and initiatives with $5.1M in associated expenditures. We have reason to think we may be influencing grantmakers, implementers, and other key stakeholders in actions that aren't immediately captured in either that grants influenced or special projects expenditures sum. We have also completed work for ~20 different clients, presented at more than 15 academic institutions, and organized six of our own in-person convenings of stakeholders. By the end of 2023, RP will have spent ~$11.4M. We predict a revenue of ~$11.7M over 2023, and predict assets of ~$10.3M at year's end. Some of RP's key strategic priorities for 2024 are: 1) continuing to strengthen our reputation and relations with key stakeholders, 2) diversifying our funding and stakeholders to scale our impact, and 3) investing greater resources into other parts of our theory of change beyond producing and disseminating research to increase others' impact. To accomplish our strategic priorities, we aim to hire for new senior positions. Some of our tentative plans for next year are: Creating key pieces of animal advocacy research such as a cost-effectiveness tracking database for chicken welfare campaigns, and annual state of the movement report for the farmed animal advocacy movement. Addressing perhaps critical windows for AI regulations by producing and disseminating research on compute governance, and lab governance. Consulting with more clients on global health and development interventions to attempt to shift large sums of money in effective fashion. Helping launch new projects that aim to reduce existential risk from AI. Being an excellent option for any promising projects seeking a fiscal sponsor. Providing rapid surveys and analysis to inform high priority strategic questions. Examining how ...
Całość TYLKO w aplikacji Onet Audio. Subskrybuj pakiet Onet Premium i słuchaj bez limitu. Raport międzynarodowy znajdziesz tutaj: https://onetaudio.app.link/RaportMiedzynarodowy „Kryzys w stosunkach polsko-ukraińskich nie obciąża tylko polskiej strony” – mówi Szczepan Twardoch, pisarz i publicysta, w rozmowie z Witoldem Juraszem. Zwraca jednak uwagę na niefortunne sformułowania polityków, które burzą wizerunek Polski na arenie międzynarodowej. „Głupie rzeczy to mogę sobie mówić ja, bo jestem pisarzem, artystą i reprezentuję wyłącznie samego siebie, kiedy premier RP rzuca, że my dalej nie zbroimy Ukrainy, bo będziemy sami siebie zbroić, to jednym głupim chlapnięciem Polska dokonuje całkowitego zwrotu” – ocenia. Zwraca również uwagę na relacje Polski z Zachodem. „PiS to bardzo wygodny partner dla Niemiec, bo jak widzisz, że ktoś jest furiatem, który się miota, rzuca niestworzone oskarżenia, to wtedy tak naprawdę możesz realizować swoją agendę, bez oglądania się na rzeczywiste interesy tego furiata” – komentuje. Co jeszcze jest problemem polskiej polityki zagranicznej? Czy wśród młodego pokolenia polityków widzi potencjał? Jakiej polityki nie chce? I co myśli o prezydenturze Andrzeja Dudy? W „Raporcie międzynarodowym” o moralnych zwycięstwach, społecznych zmianach i PR w polityce.
Le passage des relations presse à la Brand Culture, interview de Cyndie Bettant Directrice Communication Cision & Marc Michiels Redacteur en chef de Culture RP Cette interview fait suite au livre " Culture RP Cross Gen': L'expertise clé du nouveau brand culture manager " Pour en savoir plus sur le livre : https://amzn.to/3sqUduP Au sommaire : - Pourquoi ce livre Culture RP Cross Gen' ? - Quelle est la thématique du livre dont vous vous sentez la plus proche ? - Le Métier de RP et de CM vont-ils fusionner ? - En quoi la RSE impacte-t-elle la communication ? - Comment avoir de l'engagement, et pourquoi faut-il considérer les influenceurs comme des médias ? - Et l'IA dans tout ça, une contrainte, faire moins et mieux ou pas ? - C'est quoi la Brand Culture ? - Si vous deviez donner un seul conseil à un lecteur du livre, quel serait-il ?
Did you know that 88% of ART members under 40 sit in the default super option?! Last year, Sunsuper and QSuper merged to form Australian Retirement Trust (ART), now one of Australia's largest super funds that manages over $260 billion in retirement savings for 2.3 million members. In today's conversation, Kate Campbell chats with Anne Fuchs, ART's Head of Advice & Acting Chief of Retirement. The duo discuss the power of making small changes, why aren't more people interested in their super given it's their money, the number of people that stay in the default investment option (and the long-term impact of that), whether super funds have a responsibility to help educate their members and much more!
Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Webinar invitation: learn how to use Rethink Priorities' new prioritization tool, published by Rethink Priorities on November 12, 2023 on The Effective Altruism Forum. What do your views imply about the relative cost-effectiveness of various causes? With Giving Tuesday coming up, it's worth tackling this question. Rethink Priorities' new cross-cause cost-effectiveness model (CCM) might be able to help. RP's Worldview Investigations Team created the CCM as a part of its project on Causes and uncertainty: Rethinking value in expectation. About the virtual event On November 28, the Worldview Investigations Team will lead a discussion that will encompass: An explanation of why they created the CCM A virtual walkthrough of the model itself A practical workshop on how you can use the tool A question-and-answer session Attending from the Worldview Investigation Team will be: Philosophy Researcher Derek Shiller, Executive Research Coordinator Laura Duffy, and Senior Research Manager Bob Fischer. Come explore how different assumptions interact, and potentially make some surprising discoveries! Details The workshop will be held on November 28 at 9 am PT / noon ET / 5 pm BT / 6 pm CET. If you're interested in attending (even if you think you can't make that particular time), please complete this form. We will send you further details as we get closer to the event. Rethink Priorities (RP) is a think-and-do tank that addresses global priorities by researching solutions and strategies, mobilizing resources, and empowering our team and others. Rachel Norman and Henri Thunberg wrote this post. If you are interested in RP's work, please visit our research database and subscribe to our newsletter. Thanks for listening. To help us out with The Nonlinear Library or to learn more, please visit nonlinear.org
Welcome to the PullHitter Podcast, your destination for actionable resources and tools to grind your way to ultimate fantasy baseball success. Support my work and join the Pull Hitter Patreon:https://patreon.com/user?u=32383693&utm_medium=clipboard_copy&utm_source=copyLink&utm_campaign=creatorshare_creator&utm_content=join_link On this episode we talk all things NFBC Gladiator, a a draft and hold roto league. 23 man teams, 14 batters, 9 pitchers. Dom and I talk with Robert Orr who won the inaugural Overall title. Draft Prep Projections or no? How to build your team in this format Relievers were heavily targeted early in 2023 drafts Pitcher Split: 6 SP/3 RP, 7/2 or 5/4? Much more! Promo Code: PULLHITTER Signup Link: https://play.underdogfantasy.com/p-pull-hitter-media Follow on Twitter: @pullhitterpod https://twitter.com/PullHitterPod @deadpullhitter https://twitter.com/deadpullhitter Email : email@example.com Website: pullhitter.com My link tree with all of my links in one spot: https://linktr.ee/pullhitter Also check out me cohosting the Launch Angle Podcast with Jeff Zimmerman and Rob Silver! https://anchor.fm/robert-dipietro8 Encouraging feedback and comments. Sports dialogue is the best, so tell me what's on your mind! Thanks for listening! If you feel so kind to show some support for the show that would be greatly appreciated! Ratings and reviews are much appreciated if you listen on a platform that allows that- Thanks! (send me a DM on Twitter for #pullhitterswag when you do!) If you enjoyed the remastered edition of Take Me Out To The Ballgame, that was done by my pal Mike Wrocklage and you can find his work under the name Wrack Attack on Spotify, Sound Cloud and Reverb Nation For inquiries on logo and web site design email firstname.lastname@example.org https://twitter.com/deadpullhitter
In celebration of definitely-real phenomenon of "armistice weekend" and the glories of war, Jack and Geraint review Ian Brown's 2007 anti-Iraq War, anti-Israeli occupation, anti-child poverty protest album The World Is Yours, which contains brilliant Sinéad O'Connor-aided masterpiece 'Illegal Attacks', and some other songs. Jack then presents selected readings from Ice Cube's 2018 Trump diss 'Arrest the President'. This episode was originally planned to be our patreon.com/reelpolitik bonus for this week, before we realised we didn't have time to get a free one ready before the weekend. Don't worry, though, RP subs, you will still be getting new content in its place!
Are you on the hunt for the best stocks to invest in for Artificial Intelligence (AI)? Like NVIDIA Corp (NASDAQ: NVDA)? Or Tesla Inc (NASDAQ: TSLA)? Or looking for some technology ETFs for AI exposure? In this episode, Owen Rask explains how he'd invest in AI and why he's not rushing to do it. Plus, Kate and Owen discuss the ways AI might impact how they invest and some current use cases. Owen's AI stocks & ETFs article: www.raskmedia.com.au/2023/09/05/top-10-ai-stocks-etfs
Episode 098 | Steve Johnston (A Race Against Blindness) joins the podcast! In this episode, Steve chats with Lance about his non-profit "A Race Against Blindness" which is an organization dedicated to finding a cure for the rare eye disease Retintis Pigmentosa (RP) caused by Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS). Steve's son, Luke, has been diagnosed with BBS and is expected to become legally blind in his teenage years - if a cure is not available. Lance and Steve also explore the intricacies of advocating for a cure while simultaneously learning to accept blindness, how to be a supportive parent to a child with a disability, the lack of resources for rare disease research, and more! SEE-THROUGH is hosted by Lance Johnson. Based in New York City, Lance is a video editor living with an incurable eye condition called retinitis pigmentosa (or RP for short). In most cases, RP causes legal-blindness by the age of 40. Now 33, Lance uses SEE-THROUGH as a platform to explore his inevitable future of blindness through his transparent conversations with his guests. ------------------------- SUPPORT SEE-THROUGH: Merch: https://seethroughpod.com/merch ------------------------- STEVE JOHNSTON LINKS: A Race Against Blindness: https://araceagainstblindness.org/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/dad.vs.blindness/ ------------------------- SEE-THROUGH LINKS: Subscribe: https://bit.ly/3JRSPEO Instagram: https://instagram.com/seethroughpod TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@seethroughpod Twitter: https://twitter.com/seethroughpod Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/seethroughpod Website: https://www.seethroughpod.com/
Brian Strem, President and CEO of Kiora Pharmaceuticals, is developing a small molecule drug to treat orphan retinal diseases. Their drug KIO-301 restores vision in patients with inherited retinal disease. By giving retinal ganglion cells the ability to sense light, signals can be sent to the brain to effectively see using cells that are not normally light-sensitive. These molecular photoswitches can change shape based on the presence or absence of light and allow a patient to see the direction and movement of light. Brian explains, "It is dependent on the specific mutation. So, we know that there are certain gene mutations that a child will literally be born with immediate signs and symptoms of that disease. Whether that is immediately being blind, so being born blind, versus some of the other ones where you don't tend to get the onset of disease symptoms until the second, or third decade of life when you have difficulty seeing in the dark. Then all of a sudden, that progresses to losing peripheral vision and eventually central vision. So, it is pretty specific to the mutation as to the onset, the timing of onset, and the progression rate." "KIO-301 is based around what chemists would call an Azobenzene. Azobenzenes are notorious for changing their shape based on different external stimuli. And in the case of our molecule, that stimulus is light within the visible spectrum. So, getting more towards, well, what does that mean, and how could we leverage that interesting chemistry? Patients who have these IRDs and specifically, we've now just wrapped up a phase 1 trial, which I can get into in a minute, for a disease called retinitis pigmentosa. In patients with RP, we know that their photoreceptors, or their rods and cones, die. That's part of that mutation that these patients are born with." "Yet there are other cells within the retina that still are the ones that connect to the brain, and those are called the retinal ganglion cells. We know that those cells stay alive for a long time, although they undergo some changes and modifications. And what our molecule can do, KIO-301, is it goes specifically into those retinal ganglion cells that do not have living photoreceptors upstream anymore because they're dead. And what the molecule does is it gives that retinal ganglion cell the ability to sense light and to signal the brain that light is present. And then, when you take the light away, it's able to basically stop that signaling. So, in the sense that it's turning a cell that's not normally light sensitive into a light switch." #KioraPharmaceuticals #VisionAwarenessMonth #InheritedRetinalDisease #RareDisease #OrphanRetinalDiseases kiorapharma.com Download the transcript here
Brian Strem, President and CEO of Kiora Pharmaceuticals, is developing a small molecule drug to treat orphan retinal diseases. Their drug KIO-301 restores vision in patients with inherited retinal disease. By giving retinal ganglion cells the ability to sense light, signals can be sent to the brain to effectively see using cells that are not normally light-sensitive. These molecular photoswitches can change shape based on the presence or absence of light and allow a patient to see the direction and movement of light. Brian explains, "It is dependent on the specific mutation. So, we know that there are certain gene mutations that a child will literally be born with immediate signs and symptoms of that disease. Whether that is immediately being blind, so being born blind, versus some of the other ones where you don't tend to get the onset of disease symptoms until the second, or third decade of life when you have difficulty seeing in the dark. Then all of a sudden, that progresses to losing peripheral vision and eventually central vision. So, it is pretty specific to the mutation as to the onset, the timing of onset, and the progression rate." "KIO-301 is based around what chemists would call an Azobenzene. Azobenzenes are notorious for changing their shape based on different external stimuli. And in the case of our molecule, that stimulus is light within the visible spectrum. So, getting more towards, well, what does that mean, and how could we leverage that interesting chemistry? Patients who have these IRDs and specifically, we've now just wrapped up a phase 1 trial, which I can get into in a minute, for a disease called retinitis pigmentosa. In patients with RP, we know that their photoreceptors, or their rods and cones, die. That's part of that mutation that these patients are born with." "Yet there are other cells within the retina that still are the ones that connect to the brain, and those are called the retinal ganglion cells. We know that those cells stay alive for a long time, although they undergo some changes and modifications. And what our molecule can do, KIO-301, is it goes specifically into those retinal ganglion cells that do not have living photoreceptors upstream anymore because they're dead. And what the molecule does is it gives that retinal ganglion cell the ability to sense light and to signal the brain that light is present. And then, when you take the light away, it's able to basically stop that signaling. So, in the sense that it's turning a cell that's not normally light sensitive into a light switch." #KioraPharmaceuticals #VisionAwarenessMonth #InheritedRetinalDisease #RareDisease #OrphanRetinalDiseases kiorapharma.com Listen to the podcast here
The boys are back in town! After some hectic scheduling, RP returns! We dust the cobwebs off the mics to talk one of our favorite games, Disney Villainous. We discuss the 2nd expandalone game in the series, Evil comes Prepared. We first discuss what we have been up to on off time and some games that Bryan has been playing. Thanks for joining us and be sure to subscribe for future nonsense.
W najnowszym odcinku podcastu "Hallo Haller" gościnią była Olga Leonowicz, partnerka ambasadora Stanów Zjednoczonych w Polsce Marka Brzezińskiego.Opowiedziała ona Dorocie Haller m.in. o początkach swojej znajomości z najwyższym przedstawicielem rządu USA w Polsce i o tym jak przyjaźń po latach zmieniła się w miłość.– Poznaliśmy się 21 lat temu. Byłam studentką, która pojechała na praktyki do ambasady RP w Waszyngtonie. Trzeciego dnia praktyk odbywało się przyjęcie w ambasadzie na cześć Jana Nowaka Jeziorańskiego. Mnie przypadła rola odźwiernej, która otwierała drzwi i w którymś momencie na przyjęciu podszedł do mnie Mark. Przyznam szczerze, ze nie zapamiętałam wtedy jego nazwiska. Zaczęliśmy rozmawiać. Zaproponował, że pokaże mi Waszyngton, nie wziął numeru telefonu, ale po paru dniach odnalazł mnie przez ambasadę i umówiliśmy się na spacer. Ta rozmowa była bardzo przyjemna i umówiliśmy się ponownie. Okazało się, że zaczyna pojawiać się jakieś uczucie — wspomina Olga wydarzenia sprzed lat.Po czterech miesiącach Olga wróciła do Polski na kolejny rok studiów i związek z Markiem nie przetrwał.– Przez dwadzieścia lat wymieniliśmy dosłownie tylko kilka maili, ale każde z nas miało świadomość co to drugie robi zawodowo. Spotkaliśmy się po przylocie Marka do Polski. Pierwszy raz po 20 latach. I właściwie było wiadomo, że tematów do rozmowy nam nadal nie brakuje i że ta historia chyba się nie zakończyła — mówi Dorocie Haller Leonowicz.
With one Strike Team member bodyjacked, and another probably mostly hopefully on their side (and definitely in Bennett's pants), Team TBD goes back to school to square up with a third - the mysterious Morrissey. ..Djinny is reunited with a dear mechanical friend. Aoife picks up a babysitting side hustle. Brenna makes a new bestie....Come scream into the void with us on social media! Find Team TBD @allegedlydndpod on Instagram, Facebook, and tumblr... allegedly...Main Theme Music:“Albion” by Alexander Shalyapin (Delenfer)Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 LicenseUnderscore Music:“Solitude of an Era” by Alexander Nakarada (http://www.serpentsoundstudios.com )Licensed under Creative Commons: BY Attribution 4.0 License