Chemical compound with formula CO2
Thomas Finkbeiner discusses geomechanics from the November 2021 special section in The Leading Edge. In this episode, Thomas highlights the link between geophysics and geomechanics in developing renewable and unconventional resources, explores case studies presented in the special section, shares the current state of research on induced seismicity during CO2 injection, and illustrates how geomechanics impacts the entire life cycle of a reservoir. No matter your subject matter expertise, this conversation impacts all topics regarding the oil and gas industry. Thomas Finkbeiner is a Global Geomechanics Advisor at Baker Hughes RDS. He holds a Ph.D. in geophysics and seismology from Stanford University. Visit https://seg.org/podcast to read the full show notes and all the past episodes of Seismic Soundoff. RELATED LINKS * Thomas Finkbeiner and Arpita P. Bathija, (2021), "Introduction to this special section: Geomechanics," The Leading Edge 40: 792–792. (https://doi.org/10.1190/tle40110792.1) * Ahmad Ramdani, Thomas Finkbeiner, Viswasanthi Chandra, Pankaj Khanna, Sherif Hanafy, and Volker Vahrenkamp, (2021), "Multiattribute probabilistic neural network for near-surface field engineering application," The Leading Edge 40: 794–804. (https://doi.org/10.1190/tle40110794.1) * Read the special section: Geomechanics (Geomechanics) SPONSOR This episode is brought to you by CGG. At CGG, we have a positive outlook for the future—an optimism that drives us to constantly push the boundaries of what's possible. Blending new thinking and advanced technologies, we help you understand and solve the world's most complex natural resource, environmental and infrastructure challenges. Let CGG help you to see things differently. Visit https://www.cgg.com/ to learn more. CREDITS Original music by Zach Bridges. This episode was hosted, edited, and produced by Andrew Geary at 51 features, LLC. Thank you to the SEG podcast team: Ted Bakamjian, Kathy Gamble, and Ally McGinnis. You can follow the podcast to hear the latest episodes on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, and Spotify.
El biólogo Miguel Delibes de Castro recuerda que su padre, el novelista Miguel Delibes, fue quien le inspiró el amor por la naturaleza y la curiosidad por entenderla. Juntos, padre e hijo, publicaron ‘La tierra herida' en 2005, como advertencia sobre el futuro preocupante del medio ambiente. “La conclusión era que el mundo que íbamos a dejar a nuestros hijos no era muy positivo, pero ahora mismo las cosas van peor. Desde el punto de vista de la pérdida de vida silvestre, de la contaminación, del CO2 en la atmósfera, del cambio climático, todos los indicadores son negativos”, advierte Delibes de Castro, profesor de investigación del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) y presidente de las Sociedad Española para la Conservación y Estudio de Mamíferos. Después de escribir la ‘Enciclopedia Salvat de la Fauna' con Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente, el científico vivió y trabajó en la Estación Biológica de Doñana, donde comenzó su lucha contra la extinción del lince ibérico, del que es considerado un experto a nivel internacional. “Desaparecen miles de especies cada año. Si sigue a este ritmo, los expertos consideran que entre el año 890 y 2150 se habrá extinguido el 75% de las especies. Eso es una extinción masiva. Debemos conservar la naturaleza y darle una importancia que los apóstoles del cambio climático desdeñan”, señala. Autor de numerosas investigaciones, artículos científicos y libros de divulgación, Delibes de Castro ha recibido, entre otros, el Premio Nacional Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente a la Conservación de la Naturaleza y el Premio Nacional de Investigación Alejandro Malaspina.
Taking soil health testing (CO2) to the field with new robust sensor technology. Jason and Dr. Rich Haney introduce the results of two years of work: The ST-1 in-field, real-time soil health tool. Ag consultant David Kleinschmidt joins in on the discussion to provide his input after field testing the technology throughout the 2021 growing season.
The newest environmental scam set to sweep across the world under the guise of saving the planet is the new ESG movement, or Environmental, Social, and Governance rating system. And like everything that the Globalists put forth to humanity, it is a giant scam designed to modify and ultimately control the behavior of everyone else. By quantifying the environmental, social, and governance decisions made by corporations, the World Economic Forum seeks to remake society by assigning a score to both the corporations and the products that they manufacture and sell. This score will then be used to measure how well a particular company is playing ball with the dictates of the WEF or if they are contributing too much CO2 to the atmosphere. Get ready for the SJWs to obsess over the ESG scores of their fellow NPCs, all while screaming at the MAGA people for refusing to buy that new electric leaf blower. HYPOCRAZY New Book: https://amzn.to/3AFhfg2 Sponsors: Emergency Preparedness Food: www.preparewithmacroaggressions.com Chemical Free Body: https://www.chemicalfreebody.com and use promo code: MACRO Honey Colony: https://www.honeycolony.com and use promo code: MACRO C60 Purple Power: https://c60purplepower.com/ Promo Code: MACRO Wise Wolf Gold & Silver: www.Macroaggressions.gold Coin Bit App: https://coinbitsapp.com/?ref=0SPP0gjuI68PjGU89wUv Macroaggressions Merch Store: https://www.teepublic.com/stores/macroaggressions?ref_id=22530 LinkTree: linktr.ee/macroaggressions Books: Controlled Demolition on Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08M21XKJ5 Purchase "The Octopus Of Global Control" Amazon: https://amzn.to/3aEFFcr Barnes & Noble: https://bit.ly/39vdKeQ Online Connection: Link Tree: https://linktr.ee/Macroaggressions Discord Link: https://discord.gg/4mGzmcFexg Website: www.theoctopusofglobalcontrol.com Facebook: www.facebook.com/theoctopusofglobalcontrol Twitter: www.twitter.com/macroaggressio3 Twitter Handle: @macroaggressio3 YouTube: www.youtube.com/channel/UCn3GlVLKZtTkhLJkiuG7a-Q Apple Podcasts: https://apple.co/2LjTwu5 Email For Helium Miner: Email: email@example.com
Steel production is responsible for some 5% of global CO2 emissions. Modern electric arc furnaces can help reduce that. We visit a factory in western Germany to see one of the biggest of its kind in action.
There have been big promises about tree-planting numbers over the last few years - but is there much point in planting more trees, if we're not looking after the ones we've already got? The Woodland Trust estimates that only 7% of the UK's native woodlands are in good ecological condition - with pests, diseases, climate change and development all threats to tree health. Meanwhile a report from Botanic Gardens Conservation International says that a third of the world's trees are at risk of extinction. In this programme, Peter Gibbs finds out what's ailing our trees, and asks what can be done to nurse them back to health. He talks to scientists, campaigners and the government's Chief Plant Health Officer, and finds out about a project where researchers are on the hunt for trees with natural resistance to ash dieback, which may be able to re-populate the ash woodlands of the future. He also visits a 'research forest' in the Midlands, where scientists are piping extra carbon dioxide at some of their trees, to find out what the impact of rising CO2 levels is likely to be for trees in years to come. Produced by Emma Campbell
Fan of the show? https://www.patreon.com/newleftradio (Support us on Patreon)! Net zero is often thrown out as the answer to our climate nightmares, including right here in Justin Trudeau's Canada — but is it? We're joined by Holly Jean Buck to discuss just what 'net zero' is, what it is not, and if we can save ourselves by shooting for good enough when it comes to climate action. About Ending Fossil Fuels: Why Net Zero is Not Enough Around the world, countries and companies are setting net-zero carbon emissions targets. But what will it mean if those targets are achieved? One possibility is that fossil fuel companies will continue to produce billions of tons of atmospheric CO2 while relying on a symbiotic industry to scrub the air clean. Focusing on emissions draws our attention away from the real problem: the point of production. The fossil fuel industry must come to an end but will not depart willingly; governments must intervene. By embracing a politics of rural-urban coalitions and platform governance, climate advocates can build the political power needed to nationalize the fossil fuel industry and use its resources to draw carbon out of the atmosphere. https://www.versobooks.com/books/3879-ending-fossil-fuels (Buy the book here) About Holly Jean Buck Holly Jean Buck is a geographer and environmental social scientist studying rural futures, the politics of platforms, and how emerging technologies can address environmental challenges. She works as an Assistant Professor of Environment and Sustainability at the University at Buffalo in Buffalo, New York, and has a Ph.D. in Development Sociology from Cornell University. She is the author of After Geoengineering: Climate Tragedy, Repair, and Restoration and Ending Fossil Fuels: Why Net Zero Is Not Enough. Stay connected with the latest from New Left Radio by https://newleft.us6.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=8227a4372fe8dc22bdbf0e3db&id=e99d6c70b4 (joining our mailing list) today! _________ Support this podcast
"Give me a tanker full of iron, and I'll give you a new Ice Age." It might sound like something Hank Scorpio would say, but this episode will deal with the very real idea of stimulating plankton blooms to remove CO2 from the atmosphere - ocean iron fertilization.
Rich Diviney is a former Navy SEAL Commander, best-selling author, and a widely sought-after speaker and consultant. Rich served over 21 years with 13 overseas deployments, 11 of which were to Iraq and Afghanistan. Throughout his career, he has achieved multiple leadership positions, including the Commanding Officer of a Navy SEAL Command. Rich was also involved in a specialized SEAL selection process, which whittled a group of hundreds of extraordinary SpecOps candidates down to a handful of the most elite performers. He began to see that surprising core attributes—including cunning, adaptability, courage, even narcissism— determine how resilient or tenacious we are. This epiphany evolved into a SpecOps training program called MindGym—the first of its kind scientifically devised to help elite soldiers perform faster, longer, and better in all environments—especially high-stress ones. He also wrote a book, The Attributes, which focuses on the qualities needed to be elite. Diviney currently works as a speaker, facilitator, and consultant with the Chapman & Co. Leadership Institute and Simon Sinek Inc. He's taught leadership and optimal performance to more than five thousand business, athletic, and military leaders from organizations such as American Airlines, Meijer Inc., the San Francisco 49ers, Pegasystems, Zoom, and Deloitte. IN THIS EPISODE… Joe sits down with Rich in his home to talk about his book, The Attributes, his experience on the Navy Seals, and his incredible mindset and focus which really translates to being the ultimate leader. Understanding these qualities not only promotes greater self-awareness but also provides an outline to train for optimal performance in any situation—from parenting and sports to business and relationships. Joe and Rich also break down the difference between a skill and an attribute, how to develop and apply them to your everyday life. If you are looking to hire the right people or get hired yourself Rich shares incredible insight on your ideal job interview.
durée : 00:41:00 - CO2 mon amour - par : Denis Cheissoux, Camille Blanès - Depuis 2005, le Conservatoire des sites naturels de Picardie et les autorités militaires de Sissonne travaillent main dans la main en faveur de la biodiversité. - réalisé par : Xavier PESTUGGIA
Can a global array of CO2-sucking machines save us from the worst ravages of climate change? This episode is the first in an ESG Insider miniseries about new carbon-removal technology. This week we examine a method called Direct Air Capture, or DAC Right now, DAC is expensive and only at the nascent stages of development. But there's growing support from entrepreneurs and some large companies to deploy the approach on an industrial scale. In this episode, we interview Steve Oldham, CEO of a Canadian company called Carbon Engineering, which is building a giant carbon-sucking plant in America's oil-rich Permian Basin. Oldham explains how the technology works; why his company almost shut its doors; and why it now has the backing of Bill Gates and a host of fossil fuel companies, including Occidental, BHP and Chevron. We also talk to Daniel Egger, Chief Commercial Officer of Swiss firm Climeworks. The clean tech company recently switched on the world's largest DAC plant in Iceland. A smaller DAC plant run by Climeworks in Switzerland already sells the CO2 it extracts to greenhouses and to Coca-Cola, which uses the gas to put the fizz in its namesake drink. Our third guest is Stuart Haszeldine of the University of Edinburgh, which describes him as the world's first official professor of carbon capture and storage. Haszeldine explains how DAC technology can help remove the large volumes of CO2 that humans have pumped into the air since the Industrial Revolution. He also points out that, despite recent progress on DAC technology, most politicians and policymakers have yet to back the idea because it “seems to promise magic out of thin air.” Photo credit: Getty Images
Regenerative Farming is gaining traction around the world as a means of increasing biodiversity, improving soil quality, sequestering carbon, restoring watersheds and enhancing the ecosystems of farms. The shepherd James Rebanks, author of English Pastoral, is on a quest to find out if it is possible to adopt these methods on his farm in the Lake District. He meets leading proponents of these methods in the UK, US and Europe and discovers how mimicking natural herd movements, stopping ploughing and adding costly chemicals could make his farm economically sustainable. This is becoming an urgent question as not only is the global population projected to rise to nearly 10 billion by 2050 but according to the UN's Food and Agriculture organisation within 60 years we may literally no longer have enough arable topsoil to feed ourselves. Meanwhile our reliance on meat products is being blamed for increasing CO2 and climate change. But can James,and indeed other farmers, make the switch to these techniques when industrial farming has been the paradigm for so long? When so many people believe turning vegan and shifting to plant-based ecological farming is the way forward, should he continue breeding sheep and cows? And as companies like Nestle, Walmart, Unilever, McCain and Pepsi all pledge to invest in regenerative farming to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, do the claims about carbon sequestration stand up? How can he use his farm to save the planet?
Das Elektroauto bewegt – nach der «Einstein»-Sendung im Mai gab es viel Feedback. Den Inputs und Anliegen des Publikums geht «Einstein» auf den Grund: Ist das Wasserstoffauto nicht doch das bessere Auto? Wie weit sind synthetische Treibstoffe? Und: Wie viel Energie steckt in einem Liter Benzin? Mobilitätsexperten und Praxiserfahrungen «Einstein» spiegelt die Fragen des Publikums rund um das Elektroauto mit dem TCS-Elektromobilitätsexperten Martin Bolliger. Zudem besuchen sie einen «Einstein»-Zuschauer, der bereits seit vielen Jahren rein elektrisch fährt und machen zusammen eine Probefahrt in seinem neuen E-Auto, «made in China». Praxiswissen und Expertise. Synthetische Treibstoffe? Jahrzehnte werden noch Verbrenner-Fahrzeuge auf den Strassen fahren. Wie schafft man es, auch mit normalen Autos künftig CO2 zu reduzieren? Synthetische, nachhaltige Treibstoffe, sogenannte «eFuels» sind maximal CO2-neutral und könnten in jedem Verbrenner eingesetzt werden. Das Problem sind die Kosten und die Verfügbarkeit. Aber in der Aviatik sind sie bereits ein grosses Thema und die Schweiz mischt ganz vorne mit. Wasserstoff-Antrieb – Ja, aber nicht überall «Einstein» beleuchtet das Thema Wasserstoff als Treibstoff- und Antriebs-Alternative. Im Schwerverkehr sind sie bereits Teil nachhaltigerer Lösungen und «Einstein» zeigt, wie heute schon Firmen ihre Logistik-Szenarien nach ihnen ausrichten. Darüber hinaus könnten die Plane für die Wasserstoff-Produktion in der Mobilität einer der grössten Treiber im Ausbau nachhaltiger Energien werden. Und «Einstein» schaut genauer hin, wie eigentlich die Energiebilanz bei der Produktion fossiler Treibstoffe aussieht. Da schlägt einiges zu Buche und der Energieverlust über die ganze Kette ist enorm.
Jeff is the top emitter of CO2, and he likes the Glasgow agreement, which gives him more time for his waste. Kyle updates hate for the TikTok generation. Glasgow and Kenosha. Kenosha and Glasgow. The agreement to murder the big planetary way... and the agreement to murder your neighbor down the street. They leave us with the question, where is our love? Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
As wind energy OEMs scramble to control costs, more and more and forging partnerships. Vestas has locked-in costs with Maersk - is this a game-changer? Plus, Bill Gates is pushing nuclear power hard in the U.S. - is this a safe diversification of power production? And, a thermoplastic 13m blade was recently 3D printed, SGRE is now producing green hydrogen from one of their pilot projects, and more. Sign up now for Uptime Tech News, our weekly email update on all things wind technology. This episode is sponsored by Weather Guard Lightning tech. Learn more about Weather Guard's StrikeTape Wind Turbine LPS retrofit. Follow the show on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Linkedin and visit Weather Guard on the web. And subscribe to Rosemary Barnes' YouTube channel here. Have a question we can answer on the show? Email us! Show Transcript 00:00:00:13 - 00:00:21:08UnknownThis episode is brought to you by weather guard Lightning Tech at Weather Guard. We make lightning protection easy. If your wind turbines are due for maintenance or repairs, install our strike tape retrofit LPs upgrade. At the same time, a strike tape installation is the quick, easy solution that provides a dramatic, long lasting boost to the factory lightning 00:00:21:08 - 00:00:48:22Unknownprotection system. Forward thinking wind site owners install strike tape today to increase uptime tomorrow. Learn more in the show notes of today's podcast. Welcome back. I'm Dan Blewett. I'm Allen Hall and I'm Rosemary Barnes, and this is the Uptime podcast bringing you the latest in wind energy, tech news and policy. 00:00:59:20 - 00:01:11:05UnknownWelcome back to the Uptime Wind Energy podcast, I'm your co-host Dan Blewett. On today's show, we've got a bunch of great topics we'll talk about number one. Bill Gates pushing for a new new nuclear power plant in Wyoming. 00:01:11:05 - 00:01:23:23UnknownWe'll talk about the future of nuclear and why it's getting some pushback from the wind industry and others. We'll talk about Vestas and Maersk. Rosemary is going to come out. She's going to maul me about my pronunciation of this in a moment. 00:01:24:13 - 00:01:42:22UnknownTheir container deal and what that means for transportation for them. We'll talk about a French couple who has won a lawsuit about their health in relation to a wind farm that was installed near their homes. Well, some of the Dominion's explanation of their 10 billion dollar price tag for their coastal Virginia wind projects. 00:01:43:08 - 00:01:55:08UnknownThere was a blade that fell off a wind turbine in Freuler. Maybe I got that one right? Could be over two. We'll see my pronunciation tonight. We'll talk about it. Roll with our 3-D printing approach for wind turbine blades. 00:01:55:08 - 00:02:12:23UnknownThey've got some new thermoplastic stuff that they've just announced. Siemens Gamesa has produced their first green hydrogen from a project. And lastly, we'll talk about a drone attack on a power grid. This is certainly not can be the last attack of its sort, and we've actually mentioned this recently about subsea cables and their potential vulnerability. 00:02:13:00 - 00:02:27:15UnknownSo we'll kind of go back and full circle there and talk through this story a little bit. But before we get going, be sure to subscribe to Uptime Tech News, which you'll find in the show notes or description of today's podcast, as well as Rosemary's YouTube channel, which will also find the description. 00:02:27:23 - 00:02:41:10UnknownAnd Alan, let's start with you. So we're going to push right here into nuclear. So obviously, nuclear power has a bad rap because we get that, you know, big emotional response from Chernobyl. And there's the disaster that it caused. 00:02:42:02 - 00:02:57:02UnknownBut in reality, it's actually quite safe and it does not contribute to CO2 emissions. So, Alan, take us through this this Bill Gates situation. He's backing this experimental nuclear nuclear power plan...
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recommends that global CO2 emissions should decrease by 50%–80% by 2050. This goal is particularly challenging for hydrocarbon-based economies that depend on fossil fuel exports and for the oil and gas industry –but there are solutions- such as the use of renewable energy, carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS), among others. It is, however, especially vital that technological solutions be customized based on each country's unique emission profile. This talk will look into different energy transitions, the role of hydrogen, policies and technologies from a systems perspective. . . Do you believe in the importance of international education and connections? The nonprofit World Affairs Council of Dallas/Fort Worth is supported by gifts from people like you, who share our passion for engaging in dialogue on global affairs and building bridges of understanding. While the Council is not currently charging admission for virtual events, we ask you to please consider making a one-time or recurring gift to help us keep the conversation going through informative public programs and targeted events for students and teachers. Donate: https://www.dfwworld.org/donate
This episode is sponsored by - - Paleo Valley Beef sticks - go to https://paleovalley.com/ and enter code MP for 15% off your first order. - Rabbit Air Purifiers - go to https://www.rabbitair.com/ for quality air purifiers. In this episode of Opposing Views, I was joined by Alex Epstein and Dr. Andrew Dessler to discuss climate change. Alex Epstein is a philosopher, author, and founder of the Center for Industrial Progress. His NYT bestseller The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels argued that human flourishing actually requires the use of fossil fuels. Dr. Andrew Dessler is a professor of Atmospheric Sciences at Texas A&M. He wrote The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change: A Guide to the Debate, explaining how science is (mis)used in politics. - Find more Alex Epstein on Twitter @AlexEpstein https://twitter.com/AlexEpstein Follow Dr. Andrew Dessler on Twitter @AndrewDessler https://twitter.com/AndrewDessler or find his book Introduction to Modern Climate Change at http://andrewdessler.com ___ [0:00] Intro [04:25] Intro to Alex Epstein [05:50] Epstein's views on climate change and the impact of humans [07:15] “The current benefits of burning fossil fuels outweigh the negative side effects" Alex Epstein [09:30] Should we be transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy? [11:20] “The modern anti-fossil fuel movement that says that rising CO2 levels are an existential threat, deliberately excludes nuclear and hydro. Why is that? It's my view that this is philosophical, [that some energies are seen as more natural,] and that's why they favor certain renewables and exclude others" Epstein [12:00] “There's this idea that human impact is bad and we have to stop it, and that's a philosophical view. I think our goal should be to advance human flourishing" Epstein [14:41] On the modern environmental movement, "it's all about the morality of eliminating human impact, and not at all about actually being concerned with reliable energy" - Epstein [15:28] What caused the Texas 2021 power grid failure? [17:31] “Wind dies down when it's cold most of the time and when it's really hot and that is part of why it's a very bad source of energy" - Epstein [19:00] Is natural gas subsidised by the government? [20:29] Climate-related disaster deaths are actually down 98% in the last hundred years. So we are actually safer from climate than ever" - Epstein [22:40] What is the validity of the claim that rising CO2 levels are going to lead to more human deaths through natural disasters? [23:02] “We should only trust predictions about the future from people that acknowledge the reality of the present" - Epstein [26:10] Epstein's views on carbon taxes and who really is producing the most CO2 [28:14] Is Alex an industry plant advocate? [29:06] What impact that humans have made is worse for us and the planet so far? [32:51] ”Anybody that thinks nature is their friend hasn't seen horse flies in Canada. They shouldn't exist—they're huge and bite chunks out of you" Mikhaila Peterson [34:37] Wrapping up with Alex Epstein [41:32] Introducing the second guest - Dr. Andrew Dessler [42:47] Is climate change real? What are the primary causes? [43:03] “Climate change is definitely occurring, I think there's very little argument of that at this point" Dessler [44:00] “Carbon dioxide since pre-industrial (or before 1750) when humans started burning fossil fuels, has gone up [by] 40%, and that's entirely due to human activity" Dessler [45:15] What's the best way to stop or slow climate change? [46:37] Are green energy sources more expensive for the consumer? [48:45] “There is no reason to continue a fossil fuel economy except for the power that fossil fuel producers have in our political position" Dessler [49:20] Is nuclear power viable? [50:35] What caused the Texas 2021 power grid failures? [53:15] What about claims that carbon taxes will mostly impact the middle and lower class in America, making them less financially stable? [57:50] “There are some businesses where the very rich owners are not going to be able to recover from switching off of fossil fuels and those are the people who object" Dessler [58:00] What % of bad CO2 emissions are coming from America? Are we the bad guys in terms of CO2 produced? [01:00:15] Is renewable energy easy to store? [01:05:00] Is climate change responsible for the natural disasters in recent years? [01:10:06] What happens if we really put all our efforts behind switching to renewable energy now? [01:11:30] Climate change is no laughing matter [01:13:48] Which countries are doing the best to combat climate change? - https://skepticalscience.com/ [01:18:45] Using hydrogen fuel cells to store energy [01:20:05] Most renewable energy source? [01:21:50] Wrapping up with Dr. Dessler - https://skepticalscience.com/ [01:22:00] The question is not ‘were fossil fuels good'—of course they were. The question is what future do we want to live in?" Dessler #CO2 #ClimateChange #FossilFuels
Dr. Bob “Laser Bob” Convissar “ DDS is a dentist who lectures and practices laser assisted dentistry in Manhattan. His practice is over 100 years old! It's an amazing story. We talk about Black Friday. Then we talk about the ABC's of laser dentistry. Both Zach and Kevin get laser shamed. We get the low down on histology. The CO2 laser is the best for soft tissue dentistry. We discuss the economics of lasers. We discuss air abrasion. And PBM lasers. You can contact Bob at firstname.lastname@example.org Buy his book on Principles and Practice of Laser Dentistry on Amazon! Here is a link to Laser Bob's seminar schedule Thanks for listening and check out the Very Clinical Facebook group if you haven already. If you would you like support the Very Dental Podcast Network you should support our sponsors! They help us create content that is, for lack of a better word...Very Dental! I've found that using a digital workflow for posterior zirconia is very predictable. So much so that when I've evaluated margins, contour and interproximal contacts...I'm ready to cement. Why so cocky? Typically the digital workflow usually nails the occlusion. But more importantly, Microcopy Dental has a posterior adjustment system for zirconia (and lithium disilicate) that is so simple and SO GOOD. First, I use Bite-Chek articulating paper for accurate and easy to read occlusal contact marking. Then I use the specially designed Z adjuster diamond (my favorite is the tear drop shape) to refine my occlusion and finally I use the 2 step Neoshine Z polishers to bring my surface back to a high, polished shine! Microcopy has done the heavy lifting to make adjusting posterior restorations a breeze. And all of their products are single patient use so it's easy clean up and no cross contamination! Go check the system out at verydentalpodcast.com/adjust! Ideal preps. That's what we aim for. One excellent way to get there is to use a core material to build the tooth back up to ideal contour. Cosmecore from Cosmedent is my choice for building up a broken down tooth. It's dual cure, comes in a variety of colors and cuts just like a tooth. You'll get a super smooth finish with no gouging. Right now I've got the 50 gram dispenser that fits in a small impression gun, but when I need to refill I think I'll go with the 8 gram syringe. Both work great, but those syringes are handy and don't take much room on a set up. Check it out at verydentalpodcast.com/cosmecore! It's funny, but you never really know how your branding effects people until you see it in your own life. So Jacob, my youngest 11 started Invisalign with a local orthodontist. He's following all the instructions, including taking them out to eat. So I'm CONSTANTLY seeing a case for his aligners with our orthodontist's brand. Like every single day. I'm realizing that cases for aligners, splits and removable offer a brilliant way for people to remember your office and your brand! And then I thought of our friends at Zirc who offer aligner sized and denture sized boxes in tons of colors that you can customize with YOUR logo! They're offering a buy one, get one deal on retainer or denture boxes with your logo and 4 lines of custom print! Go check it out at verydentalpodcast.com/imprint and use code: verydentalimprint for your Very Dental deal! Our friends at Enova Illumination have your magnification and lighting needs all figured out. Whether you're looking at new loupes, a surgical headlight like no other or the amazing line of Zumax microscopes, Enova Illumination has you covered! Go check them out at verydentalpodcast.com/Enova and take advantage of the discounts they have for Very Dental Podcast Network listeners! Do you need help with a logo or website design? Our friends at Wonderist can definitely help! Keep your eyes open for updated logos of all your favorite Very Dental Podcast Network shows this month...they've been designed by the pros at the Wonderist Agency! Want more information? Go check them out at verydentalpodcast.com/wonderist! Do you want an easy way to support the Very Dental Podcast network? Go check out the monthly deals from our friends at Crazy Dental! Each month Crazy Dental will be offering all kinds of different coupons on the product you're using most! Head over to verydentalpodcast.com/crazy to see the monthly deals they have in store for you!
Dan Gingiss is an international keynote speaker and customer experience coach who believes that a remarkable customer experience is your best marketing strategy. His 20-year professional career spanned multiple disciplines, including customer experience, marketing, social media and customer service. He held leadership positions at McDonald's, Discover and Humana. Dan is the author of The Experience Maker: How To Create Remarkable Experiences That Your Customers Can't Wait To Share, which was released in September 2021. And he's also the author of Winning at Social Customer Care: How Top Brands Create Engaging Experiences on Social Media. He also hosts the “Experience This!” show podcast and “The Experience Maker Show.” He earned a B.A. in Psychology and Communications from the University of Pennsylvania, and an M.B.A. in Marketing from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. Questions Could you share a little bit about your journey? How it is that you got to where you are today? Could you share with our listeners, Dan, a little bit about this book, maybe share with us maybe three to four pillars that the book is built on? And why a company would need a tool like this to enhance our customer experience? Could you maybe give us one or two examples of maybe companies that you know, that have demonstrated an immersive experience? You mentioned that word of mouth is the best type of advertising for any business. How can we get our customers to the point where they want to share their experiences with us and it's not just a mere experience? Have you found that customers expectations have changed somewhat, since the pandemic? Do you find that they're more sensitive to customer experiences, their expectations are higher? What has your experience been as a customer experience specialist in this area? In this whole digital transformation space that companies are going through, how do you think we can re humanize the customer experience, even though we're using digital to support that whole transition and make things easier for customers? Can you share with us what's the one online resource, tool, website or app that you absolutely can't live without in your business? Can you also share with us maybe one or two books that have had the biggest impact on you? It could be a book that you read a very long time ago, or even one that you read recently, but it still had a great impact on you. Can you also share with us what's the one thing that's going on in your life right now, something that you're really excited about? It could be something you're working on to develop yourself or your people. Where can listeners find you online? Do you have a quote or a saying that during times of adversity or challenge, you'll tend to revert to this quote; it kind of helps to keep you on track or get you refocus if for any reason you got derailed. Highlights Dan's Journey Dan shared that he started out in a marketing role right after college, even though he had never taken a marketing class; he was a psychology and communications, undergraduate major. And he realized once he gets into marketing, that's basically what marketing is, it's psychology plus communication. So, it turned out to work out pretty well. And he held that job for about four years, he really liked it. But he ended up going to business school, where he really formalized the marketing learning. And he learned that everything he had been doing had names and frameworks and all that sort of thing. And then he spent another 15 - 16 years in corporate America, in financial services, healthcare, and eventually McDonald's, learning all sorts of marketing channels, but also evolving into customer experience, and really falling in love with CX and its power to impact the bottom line, to obviously make customers happier. And so, the book is really a summary of everything that he's learned, put into a simple framework that allows companies to create remarkable experiences for their customers without spending a lot of money. “The Experience Maker, How to Create Remarkable Experiences That Your Customers Can't Wait to Share” - The Pillars That The Book is Built On Me: Amazing. So the book is really, really an awesome tool. So, for those of our listeners that are not familiar with Dan's book, it's The Experience Maker: How to Create Remarkable Experiences That Your Customers Can't Wait to Share. So, could you share with our listeners, Dan, a little bit about this book, maybe share with us maybe three to four pillars that the book is built on? And why a company would need a tool like this to enhance our customer experience? Dan shared that he's a believer as a marketer, that the single best way to do marketing today is to get our customers to do it for us. And it's called word of mouth marketing; it's usually been considered the holy grail for marketers, and something that's been on attainable until now. And really, what we're finding is that the companies that create great experiences don't have to work so hard at marketing, because their customers are doing it for them, they're sharing these experiences, because people like sharing positivity. We know that people share both negative experiences and positive experiences, but what they don't share is an average experience. Nobody ever has said; “Let me tell you about the perfectly ordinary restaurant I went to last night.” That's not something we care to share. But man, we will talk about it if it was amazing, and we will talk about it if it was terrible. And so, the idea of the book is to teach companies, how do you create those amazing experiences and how do you create them in such a way that customers can't help themselves, they reach into their pocket and grab their phone and take a picture and share it and say nice things about you. So, the framework that he introduced is called WISER. And it's so that you become wiser than the competition when it comes to customer experience. The first four letters wise stand for Witty, Immersive, Shareable, and Extraordinary, which are four different elements that help to create the kinds of experiences that are remarkable or worthy of remark, worthy of talking about. Now you can use one of them, or you can use more than one of them. And the more that you stack them, the more powerful they are. But even just using one is going to start to change how your customers perceive the experience with you. The R in WISER then becomes about being Responsive. And when people are talking about us, especially on social media, we've got to be part of that conversation. After all, if somebody gives us a compliment, we ignore them in real life, that's pretty rude. They don't think really highly of us and yet brands do that all the time in social media, where customers are complimenting them, but the brand is nowhere to be found. Me: So, one of the things I really liked about the section on Witty, so you kind of explained that a little bit for us, you indicated that it wasn't so much about being humorous, because not many brands can carry off humour, depending on what their brand, reputation or image is. But more so, being very clever and creative in the messaging that you put across. And there was one that really caught my eye in the book when I was reading; the gas station one where it said customer service is priceless and I thought that was really cool. Because at a gas station, typically, rates are not necessarily the best. So, that kind of caught my eye like if I did see two gas stations, as you suggested in the book and said customer service is priceless, I probably would go to the one that said that versus the one that didn't have anything that would have caught my eye. That was really cool. Dan shared that one of the ideas there is that competing on price is a loser's game, and all you got to do is talk to that gas station owner because he's got his competitor right across the street selling a very similar product for the exact same price. So, competing on price isn't going to work for him. Now competing on product is also difficult because they're both selling gas and inside their stores, they're both selling basically the same convenience items. So, what's left is customer experience and if this particular gas station can differentiate based on the service that you're going to get, that is a reason to choose one over the other one across the street. Example of Companies that Have Demonstrated an Immersive Experience Me: So, the next part of your book talks about delivering an experience that is immersive. Could you maybe give us one or two examples of maybe companies that you know, that have demonstrated an immersive experience? Dan shared that immersive is really about the continuity of the experience and creating something that is consistent and fluid in the customer's eyes. And that's difficult as companies get bigger because they tend to have silos and everyone in each silo is responsible for one part of the experience, but nobody's responsible for connecting those experiences together. So the poor customer ends up with this very choppy experience moving from part to part in your company. So, one of the examples that he shared in the book is about a company called Imperfect Produce. And they're a company that takes strangely shaped and sized fruit and vegetables that don't meet the cosmetic standards of a grocery store. And they box them into a subscription service that you can get a box every week at your doorstep. And what they do is play on this idea that their fruits and vegetables sometimes look funny, they're sometimes too big or too small, or they're dented, or they're just shaped weirdly. And so, they actually lean into that and they have these characters that appear throughout the experience that are these vegetables and they have googly eyes. And you see these characters in their marketing, on the box, really throughout the experience. The other thing that they really lean into is this idea that by buying their fruits and vegetables, which otherwise would have gone into the landfill, you're doing a good thing, you're saving waste from going to the landfill, you're saving water and CO2 because of the farmers not having to replant so often and they track this on the website. So, every time he goes in to pick his fruits and vegetables, he's reminded of how much he has saved from the landfill and he noticed the other day he just crossed 1200 pounds of produce that he's gotten since he's been a customer. And these are the kinds of things that keep people coming back for more because of the immersive nature of them; he's much more tied into this brand than he would have been if they weren't immersive. Me: It's almost like you feel like you're a part of their journey in whatever they're doing and because of that, it's much more difficult for you to walk away from them. And now it becomes a real relationship, because there's value being given on both ends of the spectrum. How to Get Customers to Share Their Experiences With Us Me: Now, you also mentioned that your experiences must be shareable. And I remember you used this word in the book, where you said customers have like a “Meh” experience, which is, I guess, just a mediocre one. I guess if we were to compare it to NPS, it would be like persons who scored seven and eight, because they're not really wowed, but they're not disappointed either, so they're kind of in the middle. So, what I really wanted to ask was, we have customers who we want to share our experiences and you mentioned that word of mouth is the best type of advertising for any business. “How can we get our customers to the point where they want to share their experiences with us and it's not just a “Meh” experience?” Dan shared that the best example that he thinks really epitomizes this is the story that he tells in the book of taking his son for his birthday to a restaurant called Fleming Steakhouse. And they walk into the restaurant, he had already told them ahead of time that it was his son's birthday, and the Maître d' hands him a birthday card that is signed by the staff. And he was pretty impressed with that, he had not seen that before. And they're sitting in eating our dinner and the discussion turns to and this may just happen in families where dad is a customer experience guy. But the discussion turns to his daughter actually brought up and said, “Hey, if they brought us a birthday card, I'll bet they're going to do something pretty special at the end of the meal.” In the US, you often get a slice of cake and a candle when it's your birthday, and it's a very nice gesture, it's just that every restaurant does it, so it doesn't necessarily stand out. And sure enough, Fleming's did not disappoint, they came out with a box of handmade chocolates that was sitting on a plate, where Happy Birthday was spelled out in cocoa powder. And instead of a candle, they had a sparkler and the sparkler is so much cooler than a candle. Now, there are four people at the table and without being told to and without coordinating, everybody immediately grabbed for their phones. And they took a picture of this dessert. And the parent shared it to Facebook, and the kids shared it to Snapchat or Instagram, and just like that, Fleming's had four different shares of an experience at their restaurant, all because they decided that a slice of cake and a candle while a nice gesture, is just not going to stand out enough for people to want to share it. Now, he'll bet that box of chocolates and the sparkler doesn't cost them much more, it might even be around the same price. But the idea is that it's so completely different and it stands out in such a way that people can't help themselves, they want to take a picture of it. And so, he uses that as a metaphor for companies to think about, “Where do you have a candle that you could turn into a sparkler?” Because that's the difference, that's what makes it shareable. Me: That's amazing. That was really out of the box thinking that that restaurant did for your son. And you're right; every restaurant does just give a cake and a candle so if you're doing something different then I guess that's where the extraordinary in your wise acronym comes in because that experience was definitely extra ordinary, it was definitely out of the ordinary. Dan stated that extraordinary just means a little bit better than ordinary, it doesn't have to be a private firework show and a Beyonce' concert, that's extraordinary too. But nobody has that kind of budget to do. And so, it's just about figuring out somewhere in your journey, where let's say you're doing something the same way that your competitors do it, that's a pretty good bet that that's an average experience, because your competitors are not delivering extraordinary experiences most of the time. So if you're doing it like everybody else is doing it, do it differently. And that's a great way to go from ordinary to extraordinary, make it stand out by being a little bit different and that is another element that causes people to want to talk about it. Since the Pandemic, Do You Find That Customers Are More Sensitive to Customer Experiences? Me: So Dan, a big part of customer experience now, I know it has definitely changed a lot. I know a lot of customers are paying so much more attention to it now since we're all going through this global pandemic. But have you found that customers expectations have changed somewhat, since the pandemic? Do you find that they're more sensitive to customer experiences, their expectations are higher? What has your experience been as a customer experience specialist in this area? Dan stated absolutely. He thinks we as customers really took note, especially early on in the pandemic, of which companies were there for us when we really needed them, and which companies weren't. And the truth is, is that a lot of companies did a very nice job at especially at the beginning of the pandemic, responding, reacting, and innovating. And then other companies really did not a good job of this. And basically checked the box, and didn't particularly do anything different. So, an example of that is when the pandemic first started, most of us got a lot of emails from companies that were telling us about their enhanced cleaning procedures. And he loved that everybody called them enhanced cleaning procedures, they weren't ever better or improved, or anything other than the word enhanced because somebody started using the word enhance, and then everybody else copied that word. And they also sent us, at least in the US, they would send us to the CDC website, which is the Center for Disease Control, he's sure other countries have a similar organization. And what he found was that all these emails basically said the same thing, they were totally uncreative, unremarkable. And then I got an email from his investment broker Charles Schwab and their email didn't say anything about cleaning procedures, or the CDC website. Instead, their email said, “We understand that you must be very nervous about a volatile stock market. And so, we want to make sure that you know all of these tools and benefits that you have available to you that you can use to help you through this difficult time.” And for him, that was exactly what he needed from his investment firm. He didn't care about their cleaning procedure, that wasn't important to him. But he certainly cared about a volatile stock market. So that's the difference between companies that cared, and that were really trying to deliver what customers needed at this difficult time, versus what everybody else was doing. And so, that is something that customers remember and they've seen lots and lots of customers switch brands during the pandemic, because they realized that the company they were doing business with just wasn't going to be delivering the experience that they wanted. Re-Humanize The Customer Experience Even Though Using Digital to Support that Whole Transition and Make Things Easier for Customers Me: Amazing. So, that's definitely some other ways that our customers' expectations have changed. I think also Dan, since the pandemic, I get that digital transformation is super important and it definitely makes life that much easier for the customer and can create that effortless experience for them and seamless experience, especially seeing that you may not want to physically go to the business place. But I get a lot of questions from time to time from companies asking me questions like; “Do you think human beings are going to become obsolete totally in the whole realm of customer experience? And of course, my answer is always no. But in this whole digital transformation space that companies are going through, how do you think we can re humanize the customer experience, even though we're using digital to support that whole transition and make things easier for customers? Dan shared that he totally agrees with Yanique, humans aren't going anywhere, we're not going to be replaced by robots. And the reality is that customers today crave human interaction and the pandemic actually exacerbated that, especially the time that we were all stuck in our homes for so long, we wanted human interaction. And so, there's a time and a place for both human engagement and technology engagement within the customer journey. There are times where we just want to self serve, and we just want to go online and see our balance or pay a bill or whatever and we don't want anybody to bother us, we just want to do it ourselves. And then there are other times where we really need to talk to someone because we have a problem that we don't think we can solve by ourselves or that might have too many layers to it. And so, we don't, at that point, want to talk to a computer, we want to talk to a person. And he thinks that companies that are getting it right are figuring out when do we deliver self service and when do we deliver human service. But those two things are always going to exist; one is not going to replace another. App, Website or Tool that Dan Absolutely Can't Live Without in His Business When asked about online resource that he cannot live without in his business, Dan shared that he would say right now it's actually LinkedIn and the reason for that is just that it is the place where he network, where he share content, where he consume other people's content. And where he meets people that want to do business with him. And he thinks that is the space right now online that he can't do without. Books That Have Had the Greatest Impact on Dan When asked about books that have had the biggest impact, Dan shared that one of his favorites is They Ask You Answer: A Revolutionary Approach to Inbound Sales, Content Marketing and Today's Digital Consumer by Marcus Sheridan. It's a marketing book and it teaches you how to create content around the questions that your customers ask you, or that your prospects ask you. And so, although it's a marketing book, it actually takes a lot of customer experience themes into it and he thinks it was one of the most valuable books that he has read, and has used in his own business and actually has used with clients as well. Another one that he would pick, he's going to go with one of Jay Baer's books, because he loves him as well. He really loved Utility, but he's going to go with Hug Your Haters: How to Embrace Complaints and Keep Your Customers. And much like his (Dan) first book, being about social media, customer service, this is really a book that tells you to embrace complaints, and to learn from them and to treat them as gifts, because they can help you not only be responsive to customers, and maybe turn them from detractors to advocates, but also to go back to your business and find what's actually wrong and try to fix it for other people. So, Hug Your Haters is another one that definitely changed how he thinks about things. What Dan is Really Excited About Now! When asked about something that he's really excited about, Dan stated that you're asking a guy that just spent nine months launching a book; he's now kind of just coming off of that. But he'll say that he's super excited to be back speaking on stages in person. He had two keynotes this week in two different cities, it was so nice to be with people again, yes, everybody's being safe and wearing a mask where appropriate. But there's just something as the speaker to talking to people in real life and seeing their eyes and seeing their reactions and hearing them laugh and clap and what have you that just doesn't happen on Zoom or in digital channels. And so, that's something he's really excited about is the fact that live events are coming back and are back in some places. And he really looks forward to doing a lot more of those in 2022. Me: That's brilliant, love that. So simple. And pre pandemic, we probably would have taken these very simple things for granted. I'm sure we never would have imagined a time when we were locked up in our homes and everything had to be digital. So now, as you said, we're getting back out there, and we're still being safe. But you really appreciate the very simple things in life that as I would say, we may have taken for granted; we wouldn't have realized how important or how valuable those kinds of experiences are. Where Can We Find Dan Online Website - https://dangingiss.com/ LinkedIn – Dan Gingiss Twitter - @dgingiss Quote or Saying that During Times of Adversity Dan Uses When asked about a quote or saying that he tends to revert to, Dan shared that this quote, believe it or not comes from a fortune cookie. He got this fortune that he was so excited about and he taped it up on to his camera right behind his laptop screen. So, since the camera is always facing him, he can always see this. And it says, “Never mind tomorrow. Today is the day.” And he loves that because there are days where we want to procrastinate, or there are days where we just don't have the energy. And he likes reminding himself that today's the day and today is the day that he can move his business forward, he can help a customer out, he can do something nice for somebody, and you never know what tomorrow brings, or even if tomorrow brings and so that's a quote that's definitely stuck with him for a while. Please connect with us on Twitter @navigatingcx and also join our Private Facebook Community – Navigating the Customer Experience and listen to our FB Lives weekly with a new guest Grab the Freebie on Our Website – TOP 10 Online Business Resources for Small Business Owners Links The Experience Maker: How to Create Remarkable Experiences That Your Customers Can't Wait to Share by Dan Gingiss Winning at Social Customer Care: How Top Brands Create Engaging Experiences on Social Media by Dan Gingiss They Ask You Answer: A Revolutionary Approach to Inbound Sales, Content Marketing and Today's Digital Consumer by Marcus Sheridan Hug Your Haters: How to Embrace Complaints and Keep Your Customers by Jay Baer The ABC's of a Fantastic Customer Experience Do you want to pivot your online customer experience and build loyalty - get a copy of “The ABC's of a Fantastic Customer Experience.” The ABC's of a Fantastic Customer Experience provides 26 easy to follow steps and techniques that helps your business to achieve success and build brand loyalty. This Guide to Limitless, Happy and Loyal Customers will help you to strengthen your service delivery, enhance your knowledge and appreciation of the customer experience and provide tips and practical strategies that you can start implementing immediately! This book will develop your customer service skills and sharpen your attention to detail when serving others. Master your customer experience and develop those knock your socks off techniques that will lead to lifetime customers. Your customers will only want to work with your business and it will be your brand differentiator. It will lead to recruiters to seek you out by providing practical examples on how to deliver a winning customer service experience!
The production of steel, cement, and ammonia accounts for about 20% of the carbon dioxide humans pour into the atmosphere. Modern cities are largely constructed from concrete and steel and most of our food is grown using fertilizer made from ammonia. The most widely discussed solutions to decarbonizing these industries are green hydrogen and carbon […]
Green Building Handbook (starts 1:00) CU Boulder Engineering Professor Wil Srubar is the co-author of a new report highlighting innovative building materials that actually store more CO2 than the emissions from their manufacture, making these building materials what's known as “carbon sinks” Wild Strawberry Flavor from Fungi (starts 3:29) Holger Zorn explains how and why … Continue reading "Wild Strawberries, Wild Turkeys & Farewell to Bernie Rollin"
Als je praat over klimaatverandering, heb je het al gauw over CO2. Toch gaat één van de belangrijkste afspraken van de klimaattop in Glasgow over methaan. Methaan is na CO2 het belangrijkste broeikasgas. Maar waarom horen we daar dan nu pas echt over?Gast: Marcel aan de BrughPresentatie: Misha MelitaProductie: Stef VisjagerMontage: Ruben PestZie het privacybeleid op https://art19.com/privacy en de privacyverklaring van Californië op https://art19.com/privacy#do-not-sell-my-info.
Selon la région et le type de foyer utilisé, les feux de cheminée sont autorisés ou interdits. En effet, ils sont souvent considérés comme une source de pollution majeure.Une forte émission de particules finesEn Île-de-France, il est en principe interdit de faire du feu dans l'âtre s'il s'agit d'une cheminée à foyer ouvert, non protégée par une vitre ou un insert. Dans les autres régions, l'utilisation de la cheminée est conditionnée à des ramonages réguliers.Si de telles précautions sont prises, c'est que la combustion de bois de chauffage est considérée comme une importante source de pollution de l'air. En brûlant dans les cheminées, le bois émettrait en effet des particules fines qui peuvent pénétrer dans les voies respiratoires.Selon une étude menée en 2010 par Airparif, l'organisme chargé de mesurer la pollution de l'air en Île-de-France, cette combustion du bois de chauffage était alors responsable de 23 % des émissions de particules fines.Ce type de chauffage émettrait autant de particules fines que le trafic routier. Ce sont les cheminées à foyer ouvert qui pollueraient le plus; ils répandraient dans l'atmosphère huit fois plus de particules fines que les foyers fermés.Les arguments des professionnels du boisDans le secteur du bois, les professionnels se défendent de telles accusations. En effet, ils relativisent le caractère polluant de la combustion au bois. Pour cela, ils s'appuient sur d'autres travaux.Ils citent notamment une étude d'Airparif, selon laquelle, à proximité du périphérique parisien, l'émission de certaines particules fines, encore plus petites, ne serait liée à la combustion au bois qu'à hauteur de 4 %, alors que le trafic routier serait responsable de 44 % des émissions de ces particules.D'après ces professionnels de la filière bois, la pollution incriminée serait surtout due à l'utilisation de foyers ouverts. Il faudrait donc, d'après eux, inciter les gens à faire équiper leurs cheminées d'inserts ou à acquérir des poêles de bonne qualité.Ils rappellent enfin que, si le bois brûlé des particules fines, les arbres, dont il est issu, capturent beaucoup de CO2. En terme de pollution, le bilan serait donc plutôt neutre. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
In late October, Rio Tinto announced plans to capture and bury CO2 from its ISAL aluminum smelter outside Reykjavik in the basalt right under its feet. The initiative is part of a $7.5bn effort to reduce firm-wide operational emissions by 50% by 2030. Today, Switched On speaks with Kari Helgason, head of research and innovation at Carbfix, the company that will take Rio's CO2 and inject it underground where it will turn to rock within two years. In our conversation, which takes place on location in Iceland at the site of Carbfix's first CO2 injection project, he tells us how the technology works, and how Carbfix's solution could scale to make a meaningful dent in global emissions. BNEF users can hear this interview and more, on BNEF on the Bloomberg Terminal, bnef.com or BNEF Mobile. Switched on this week is hosted by Mark Taylor. Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
The holidays often mean traveling, which frequently means flying. For many who are hyper-aware of their carbon footprints, flying can bring on a guilt trip. Commercial flights account for about 2.5% of global CO2 emissions. Now, though, there are a variety of sustainable aviation fuels designed to lower the emissions that are generated by air travel. Marketplace’s Jed Kim speaks with Evan Sherwin, a postdoctoral researcher in energy and resources engineering at Stanford University, about the kinds of sustainable jet fuels out there.
The holidays often mean traveling, which frequently means flying. For many who are hyper-aware of their carbon footprints, flying can bring on a guilt trip. Commercial flights account for about 2.5% of global CO2 emissions. Now, though, there are a variety of sustainable aviation fuels designed to lower the emissions that are generated by air travel. Marketplace’s Jed Kim speaks with Evan Sherwin, a postdoctoral researcher in energy and resources engineering at Stanford University, about the kinds of sustainable jet fuels out there.
This week, we give you a full review of Twenties, Queens and Insecure. Shana attempts to convince Kris to see the new Wicked Movie. The Black and Brown LGBTQ+ Community does not feel safe in the UK. We call out fuck boys and friend hookups gone wrong in Am I a Bad Queer? And Happy Holidays everyone!Shoutouts:Shana: George M. Johnson. Right now, All Boys Aren't Blue is being banned not only from schools, but also libraries. And there is a criminal complaint filed against it in Florida (and 9 other states). Ways to support is buy the book, share from George's page, reach out to school boards and share about this publicly, vote, etc. Follow @iamgmjohnsonKris: Vanessa Nakate - Climate change activist from Uganda. A beautiful warning at the Youth4Climate COP26 event. Uganda has one of the fastest changing climates on Earth so they are seeing the climate crisis' most dangerous effects firsthand. Africa is the LOWEST emitter of CO2 emissions of all continents - except Antarctica. Please support Vanessa by purchasing her book, A Bigger Picture: My Fight to Bring a New African Voice to the Climate Crisis. Go watch her speech Youth4Climate - You cannot adapt to lost traditions, lost history, you cannot adapt to starvation, you cannot adapt to extinction. No more empathy promises. Follow IG: @vanessanakate1Bad Queers is co-hosted by:Shana Sumers: @shanahasagramKris Chesson: @kris.chessLet's keep in touch:Email us for advice at email@example.com or DM on InstagramFollow us @badqueerspod on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram & Tik TokShop for official Bad Queers ApparelLove our soundtrack? Check out Siena Liggins: @sienaligginsShoutout to our sponsor HER App
We said we'd never do another seltzer show, but here we are. Bud Light made an eggnog seltzer and we just had to chug it. Damn you Bud Light....damn you. While we're at it we chug all of the holiday offerings from Truly as well. Sadly, those are the only two holiday seltzer packs we could find. Probably a good idea, otherwise we might have exploded from all of the CO2 in our bodies by the end of the episode. PS Sorry for the burps. PPS Not really.
durée : 00:35:54 - CO2 mon amour - par : Denis Cheissoux, Camille Blanès - La Méditerranée comme horizon, nous partons à la Seyne-sur-mer, dans le Var et tendons l'oreille à un grand sage - réalisé par : Xavier PESTUGGIA
Study: Sustainable eating is cheaper and healthier Oxford University, November 11, 2021 Oxford University research has today revealed that, in countries such as the US, the UK, Australia and across Western Europe, adopting a vegan, vegetarian, or flexitarian diet could slash your food bill by up to one-third. The study, which compared the cost of seven sustainable diets to the current typical diet in 150 countries, using food prices from the World Bank's International Comparison Program, was published in The Lancet Planetary Health. (next) Meta-analysis concludes resveratrol beneficially modulates glycemic control in diabetics Zagazig University and Suez Canal University (Egypt), October 29 2021. Findings from a meta-analysis of clinical trials published in Medicina Clinica (Barcelona) revealed an association between supplementing with resveratrol and improvements in glycemic control. “This systematic review and meta-analysis is the first to consider resveratrol's efficacy on glycemic and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).” (next) Exercise linked to better mental health Kaiser Permanente Research, November 11, 2021 Kaiser Permanente research published in Preventive Medicine showed people who exercised more during the initial lockdown period of the COVID-19 pandemic experienced less anxiety and depression than those who didn't exercise. It also showed that people who spent more time outdoors typically experienced lower levels of anxiety and depression than those who stayed inside. (next) Bedtime linked with heart health University of Exeter (UK), November 9, 2021 Going to sleep between 10:00 and 11:00 pm is associated with a lower risk of developing heart disease compared to earlier or later bedtimes, according to a study published today in European Heart Journal—Digital Health, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "While we cannot conclude causation from our study, the results suggest that early or late bedtimes may be more likely to disrupt the body clock, with adverse consequences for cardiovascular health." (NEXT) Garlic compounds may boost cardio health indirectly via gut microbiota National Taiwan University, November 6 2021 Allicin from garlic may prevent the metabolism of unabsorbed L-carnitine or choline into TMAO, a compound linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, says a new study. TMAO – or trimethylamine N-oxide – has been known to be generated from dietary carnitine through metabolism of gut microbiota, and was recently reported to be an “important gut microbiota-dependent metabolite to cause cardiovascular diseases.” New data indicated that carnitine-fed lab mice showed a “remarkable increase in plasma TMAO levels”, compared with lab mice fed a control (no carnitine). However, when allicin supplements were provided with the carnitine diet, TMAO levels were significantly reduced. (NEXT) Drug used to prevent miscarriage increases risk of cancer in offspring University of Texas Health Science Center, November 9, 2021 Exposure in utero to a drug used to prevent miscarriage can lead to an increased risk of developing cancer, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston The drug, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC), is a synthetic progestogen that was frequently used by women in the 1950s and 1960s, and is still prescribed to women today to help prevent preterm birth. (OTHER NEWS NEXT) 2,433 Dead Babies in VAERS as Another Study Shows mRNA Shots Not Safe for Pregnant Women by Brian Shilhavy Editor, Health Impact News, November 7, 2021 There have now been 2,433 fetal deaths recorded in VAERS (Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System) from pregnant women who have been injected with one of the COVID-19 shots. The vast majority of these have been from the Pfizer shot (1,862 deaths) and the Moderna shot (656 deaths.) There have been more fetal deaths in the past 11 months following COVID-19 shots than there have been for the past 30+ years following ALL vaccines (2,198 – Source.) Last month (October, 2021) the New England Journal of Medicine admitted that the original study used to justify the CDC and the FDA in recommending the shots to pregnant women was flawed. (Source.) Since then, researchers in New Zealand have conducted a new study on the original data, and concluded: A re-analysis of these figures indicates a cumulative incidence of spontaneous abortion ranging from 82% (104/127) to 91% (104/114), 7–8 times higher than the original authors' results. (Source.) And yet, the CDC and FDA still continue to recommend the shots for pregnant women, even though a correct analysis on the original data shows that 82% to 91% of pregnant women will suffer miscarriages if their unborn child is less than 20 weeks old. (Source.) VAERS is a passive system that is severely under reported. The CDC and FDA have never conducted a study to determine what this under-reported factor is, but independent scientists have, and we have previously published the analysis conducted by Dr. Jessica Rose, who has determined that a conservative under-reported factor would be X41. See: STUDY: Government's Own Data Reveals that at Least 150,000 Probably DEAD in U.S. Following COVID-19 Vaccines This means that there have probably been at least 99,753 fetal deaths following COVID-19 injections so far. Here is a video report we made on this last month with some very unfortunate gruesome examples of what these shots are doing to unborn babies. 1,969 Fetal Deaths Recorded Following COVID-19 Shots but Criminal CDC Recommends Pregnant Women Get the Shot UPDATE – November 7, 2021 PM A couple of hours after publishing this article, a video that has been circulating on the Internet of an interview with a Funeral Director in the UK became known to me. He has been in practice for over 3 years and is identified as “Wesley,” and was interviewed by a group called “Resistance GB.” He claims that last fall was one the slowest periods of seeing deaths for all funeral directors, but when the COVID-19 shots were introduced, deaths started dramatically increasing. It started with the elderly, but then by April they were seeing large numbers of people in their 30s and 40s. Many of them were dying of myocarditis. Now, they are seeing unprecedented numbers of newborn babies, and they are piling up in hospital refrigerators. Some are full term, some are pre-term, he claims. The UK originally recommended that pregnant women and nursing mothers should NOT get the experimental COVID shots, but like the CDC in the U.S., they eventually changed their recommendation to encourage pregnant women to get the shots. (NEXT) An ethical analysis of vaccinating children against COVID-19: benefits, risks, and issues of global health equity Johns Hopkins University, Oxford-Johns Hopkins Global Infectious Disease Ethics Collaborative, Wageningen University - The Netherlands, University of Oxford, Abstract We argue that it is currently unclear whether routine COVID-19 vaccination of healthy children is ethically justified in most contexts, given the minimal direct benefit that COVID-19 vaccination provides to children, the potential for rare risks to outweigh these benefits and undermine vaccine confidence, and substantial evidence that COVID-19 vaccination confers adequate protection to risk groups, such as older adults, without the need to vaccinate children. We conclude that child COVID-19 vaccination in wealthy communities before adults in poor communities worldwide is ethically unacceptable and consider how policy deliberations might evolve in light of future developments. (NEXT) What's Driving Global Deforestation? Organized Crime, Beef, Soy, Palm Oil and Wood Products Jennifer Devine, Counterpunch, November 17, 2021 Every year the world loses an estimated 25 million acres (10 million hectares) of forest, an area larger than the state of Indiana. Nearly all of it is in the tropics. From my research on social and environmental issues in Latin America, I know that four consumer goods are responsible for the majority of global deforestation: beef, soy, palm oil, and wood pulp and paper products. Together these commodities are responsible for the loss of nearly 12 million acres (5 million hectares) annually. There's also a fifth, less publicized key driver: organized crime, including illegal drug trafficking. The dominant role of beef Among major products that promote deforestation, beef is in a class by itself. Beef production is now estimated to be the biggest driver of deforestation worldwide, accounting for 41% of global forest losses. In the Amazon alone, cattle ranching accounts for 80% of deforestation. From 2000 to 2011, beef production emitted nearly 200 times more greenhouse gases than soy, and 60 times more than oil palm in tropical countries with high deforestation rates. Soy and palm oil: Ubiquitous ingredients Together, soy and palm oil drive nearly 10% of deforestation annually – almost 2.5 million acres (1 million hectares). Clearing land for palm oil plantations fuels large-scale rainforest destruction in Indonesia and Malaysia, where most of the world's palm oil is produced. Palm oil is the most commonly produced, consumed and traded vegetable oil. Some 60% of the 66 million tons produced globally every year is used to produce energy in the form of biofuel, power and heat. About 40% is used for food, animal feed and chemical products. Palm oil is an ingredient in half of all products found at the supermarket, including margarine, shampoos, frozen pizza and detergents. Soy production has doubled globally in the past 20 years. Nearly 80% of global soy is fed to cows, chickens, pigs and farmed fish. This demand reflects the tripling of global meat production over the past 50 years. Wood products Wood products are responsible for about 5% of annual global deforestation, or about 1.2 million acres (500,000 hectares) yearly. Wood is widely used for home construction and furniture, and also as a pulp source for paper and fabric. And in low-income nations and rural areas, it's an important fuel source for heating and cooking. The three largest paper-producing countries are the U.S., Canada and China. Illegal deforestation and organized crime Another industry plays an important role, especially in tropical forests: organized crime. Large, lucrative industries offer opportunities to move and launder money; as a result, in many parts of the world, deforestation is driven by the drug trade. In South America and Central America, drug trafficking organizations are the vanguard of deforestation. Drug traffickers are illegally logging forests in the Amazon and hiding cocaine in timber shipments to Europe. In my research, I have analyzed how traffickers illegally log and raise cattle in protected areas in Central America to launder money and claim drug smuggling territory. Other scholars estimate that 30% to 60% of deforestation in the region is “narco-deforestation.” Forest Trends analysis, exports tied to illegal deforestation are worth US$61 billion annually and are responsible for 25% of total global tropical deforestation. (NEXT) ‘This Must Not Happen': If Unhalted, Permian Basin Fracking Will Unleash 40 Billion Tons of CO2 by 2050 As activists at the COP26 summit continue to denounce the “massive” gap between wealthy governments' lofty rhetoric and their woefully inadequate plans for addressing the climate emergency, a new analysis of projected extraction in the Permian Basin in the U.S. Southwest exposes the extent to which oil and gas executives' refusal to keep fossil fuels in the ground puts humanity's future in jeopardy. “While climate science tells us that we must consume 40% less oil in 2030, Permian producers plan to grow production more than 50%.” Released Tuesday by Oil Change International, Earthworks, and the Center for International Environmental Law, the second chapter of The Permian Basin Climate Bomb warns that if the drilling and fracking boom that has turned the Permian Basin into “the world's single most prolific oil and gas field” over the past decade is allowed to persist unabated for the next three decades, it will generate nearly 40 billion tons of carbon dioxide by mid-century. “With global markets flush with Permian oil and gas, it can only be harder to steer the world's economy toward clean energy.” “While climate science tells us that we must consume 40% less oil in 2030, Permian producers plan to grow production more than 50%” from 2021 to 2030, said Stockman. “This must not happen.” “If left unchecked,” the report notes, “the Permian could continue to produce huge amounts of oil, gas, and gas liquids for decades to come. With global markets flush with Permian oil and gas, it can only be harder to steer the world's economy toward clean energy.” (NEXT) Wall Street's Takeover of Nature Advances with Launch of New Asset Class By Whitney Webb A project of the multilateral development banking system, the Rockefeller Foundation and the New York Stock Exchange recently created a new asset class that will put, not just the natural world, but the processes underpinning all life, up for sale under the guise of promoting “sustainability.” Last month, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) announced it had developed a new asset class and accompanying listing vehicle meant “to preserve and restore the natural assets that ultimately underpin the ability for there to be life on Earth.” Called a natural asset company, or NAC, the vehicle will allow for the formation of specialized corporations “that hold the rights to the ecosystem services produced on a given chunk of land, services like carbon sequestration or clean water.” These NACs will then maintain, manage and grow the natural assets they commodify, with the end of goal of maximizing the aspects of that natural asset that are deemed by the company to be profitable. Though described as acting like “any other entity” on the NYSE, it is alleged that NACs “will use the funds to help preserve a rain forest or undertake other conservation efforts, like changing a farm's conventional agricultural production practices.” Yet, as explained towards the end of this article, even the creators of NACs admit that the ultimate goal is to extract near-infinite profits from the natural processes they seek to quantify and then monetize. NYSE COO Michael Blaugrund alluded to this when he said the following regarding the launch of NACs: “Our hope is that owning a natural asset company is going to be a way that an increasingly broad range of investors have the ability to invest in something that's intrinsically valuable, but, up to this point, was really excluded from the financial markets.” Framed with the lofty talk of “sustainability” and “conservation”, media reports on the move in outlets like Fortune couldn't avoid noting that NACs open the doors to “a new form of sustainable investment” which “has enthralled the likes of BlackRock CEO Larry Fink over the past several years even though there remain big, unanswered questions about it.” Fink, one of the world's most powerful financial oligarchs, is and has long been a corporate raider, not an environmentalist, and his excitement about NACs should give even its most enthusiastic proponents pause if this endeavor was really about advancing conservation, as is being claimed. How to Create a NAC The creation and launch of NACs has been two years in the making and saw the NYSE team up with the Intrinsic Exchange Group (IEG), in which the NYSE itself holds a minority stake. IEG's three investors are the Inter-American Development Bank, the Latin America-focused branch of the multilateral development banking system that imposes neoliberal and neo-colonalist agendas through debt entrapment; the Rockefeller Foundation, the foundation of the American oligarch dynasty whose activities have long been tightly enmeshed with Wall Street; and Aberdare Ventures, a venture capital firm chiefly focused on the digital healthcare space. Notably, the IADB and the Rockefeller Foundation are closely tied to the related pushes for Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) and biometric Digital IDs. The IEG's mission focuses on “pioneering a new asset class based on natural assets and the mechanism to convert them to financial capital.” “These assets,” IEG states, make “life on Earth possible and enjoyable…They include biological systems that provide clean air, water, foods, medicines, a stable climate, human health and societal potential.” Put differently, NACs will not only allow ecosystems to become financial assets, but the rights to “ecosystem services”, or the benefits people receive from nature as well. These include food production, tourism, clean water, biodiversity, pollination, carbon sequestration and much more. IEG is currently partnering with Costa Rica's government to pilot its NAC efforts within that country. Costa Rica's Minister of Environment and Energy, Andrea Meza Murillo, has claimed that the pilot project with IEG “will deepen the economic analysis of giving nature its economic value, as well as to continue mobilizing financial flows to conservation.” With NACs, the NYSE and IEG are now putting the totality of nature up for sale. While they assert that doing so will “transform our economy to one that is more equitable, resilient and sustainable”, it's clear that the coming “owners” of nature and natural processes will be the only real beneficiaries. Per the IEG, NACs first begin with the identification of a natural asset, such as a forest or lake, which is then quantified using specific protocols. Such protocols have already been developed by related groups like the Capitals Coalition, which is partnered with several of IEG's partners as well as the World Economic Forum and various coalitions of multinational corporations. Then, a NAC is created and the structure of the company decides who has the rights to that natural asset's productivity as well as the rights to decide how that natural asset is managed and governed. Lastly, a NAC is “converted” into financial capital by launching an initial public offering on a stock exchange, like the NYSE. This last stage “generates capital to manage the natural asset” and the fluctuation of its price on the stock exchange “signals the value of its natural capital.” However, the NAC and its employees, directors and owners are not necessarily the owners of the natural asset itself following this final step. Instead, as IEG notes, the NAC is merely the issuer while the potential buyers of the natural asset the NAC represents can include: institutional investors, private investors, individuals and institutions, corporations, sovereign wealth funds and multilateral development banks. Thus, asset management firms that essentially already own much of the world, like Blackrock, could thus become owners of soon-to-be monetized natural processes, natural resources and the very foundations of natural life itself. Both the NYSE and IEG have marketed this new investment vehicle as being aimed at generating funds that will go back to conservation or sustainability efforts. However, on the IEG's website, it notes that the goal is really endless profit from natural processes and ecosystems that were previously deemed to be part of “the commons”, i.e. the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. Per the IEG, “as the natural asset prospers, providing a steady or increasing flow of ecosystem services, the company's equity should appreciate accordingly providing investment returns. Shareholders and investors in the company through secondary offers, can take profit by selling shares. These sales can be gauged to reflect the increase in capital value of the stock, roughly in-line with its profitability, creating cashflow based on the health of the company and its assets.” Researcher and journalist Cory Morningstar has strongly disagreed with the approach being taken by NYSE/IEG and views NACs as a system that will only exacerbate the corporate predation of nature, despite claims to the contrary. Morningstar has described NACs as “Rockefeller et al. letting the markets dictate what in nature has value – and what does not. Yet, it's not for capitalist institutions and global finance to decide what life has value. Ecosystems are not ‘assets.' Biological communities exist for their own purposes, not ours.” A New Way to Loot The ultimate goal of NACs is not sustainability or conservation – it is the financialization of nature, i.e. turning nature into a commodity that can be used to keep the current, corrupt Wall Street economy booming under the guise of protecting the environment and preventing its further degradation. Indeed, IEG makes this clear when they note that “the opportunity” of NACs lies not in their potential to improve environmental well-being or sustainability, but in the size of this new asset class, which they term “Nature's Economy.” Indeed, while the asset classes of the current economy are value at approximately $512 trillion, the asset classes unlocked by NACs are significantly larger at $4,000 trillion (i.e. $4 quadrillion). Thus, NACs open up a new feeding ground for predatory Wall Street banks and financial institutions that will allow them to not just dominate the human economy, but the entire natural world. In the world currently being constructed by these and related entities, where even freedom is being re-framed not as a right but “a service,” the natural processes on which life depends are similarly being re-framed as assets, which will have owners. Those “owners” will ultimately have the right, in this system, to dictate who gets access to clean water, to clean air, to nature itself and at what cost. According to Cory Morningstar, one of the other aims of creating “Nature's Economy” and neatly packaging it for Wall Street via NACs is to drastically advance massive land grab efforts made by Wall Street and the oligarch class in recent years. This includes the recent land grabs made by Wall Street firms as well as billionaire “philanthropists” like Bill Gates during the COVID crisis. However, the land grabs facilitated through the development of NACs will largely target indigenous communities in the developing world. As Morningstar notes: “The public launch of NACs strategically preceded the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the biggest biodiversity conference in a decade. Under the pretext of turning 30% of the globe into “protected areas”, the largest global land grab in history is underway. Built on a foundation of white supremacy, this proposal will displace hundreds of millions, furthering the ongoing genocide of Indigenous peoples. The tragic irony is this: while Indigenous peoples represent less than 5% of the global population, they support approximately 80% of all biodiversity.“ IEG, in discussing NACs, tellingly notes that proceeds from a NAC's IPO can be used for the acquisition of more land by its controlling entities or used to boost the budgets or funds of those who receive the capital from the IPO. This is a far cry from the NYSE/IEG sales pitch that NACs are “different” because their IPOs will be used to “preserve and protect” natural areas. The climate change panic that is now rising to the take the place of COVID-19 panic will surely be used to savvily market NACs and similar tactics as necessary to save the planet, but – rest assured – NACs are not a move to save the planet, but a move to enable the same interests responsible for the current environmental crises to usher in a new era where their predatory exploitation reaches new heights that were previously unimaginable.
Jason Hickel joins PTO to talk about his book, Less is More: How Degrowth Will Save the World. In part one of the interview we discussed the comprehensive and all-encompassing character of the ecological crisis which extends well beyond the issue of CO2 emissions. We also talked about the violent emergence of capitalism, and how that process entailed the radical transformation of human subjectivity and how humans relate to the natural world. Finally, we talked about the emergence of GDP as an indicator of societal progress and well being.
The global marine shipping and aviation industries are each responsible for about 3% of greenhouse gas emissions. These are relatively small numbers, but as other industries decarbonize, the contributions from shipping and aviation will loom larger and larger. In October, both of these industries made commitments to reach net zero emissions by 2050. How can […]
C'est parce qu'Internet, en fait, c'est rien qu'un gros pollueur et nous en l'utilisant tous les jours et plus que des raisons, on est ses complices. Et c'est pas des paroles en l'air. Si Internet était un pays, ce serait le 3ème plus gros consommateur d'électricité mondial derrière la Chine et les États-Unis ! Produire de l'électricité, même renouvelable, c'est émettre du CO2, beaucoup de CO2. Chaque Français, vous, moi, en a produit 9 tonnes en 2020. Dans "Ah Ouais ?", Florian Gazan répond en une minute chrono à toutes les questions essentielles, existentielles, parfois complètement absurdes, qui vous traversent la tête. Un podcast RTL Originals.
Stripe, a fintech startup worth $100 billion, is trying to kick-start a $1 trillion market for carbon removal. The company is being extremely transparent about its processes, which means we get a window into the exciting, messy, often very experimental world of removing gigatons of CO2 emissions from the atmosphere. Traditionally, carbon removal has involved planting lots of trees. There have also been a select few companies toiling away at expensive-but-promising direct-air capture. But it turns out there are many ways to remove CO2. The earth already has a massive carbon cycle — plants, rocks, oceans and soil are already part of it. So there are many candidates for tapping electrochemistry and synthetic biology to accelerate natural processes. It's still a small market — and one that needs to grow massively over the coming decades. So how do we build it? Shayle addresses that question with Nan Ransohoff, Stripe's head of climate. Shayle and Nan break down lessons from Stripe's first two carbon-removal portfolios. They discuss whether carbon removal will become a commodity market. They also cover learning curves, the sources of demand and the parallels between carbon removal and vaccine development. And Shayle asks: What does a winner look like? Will a single technology dominate? Catalyst is a co-production of Post Script Media and Canary Media. Catalyst is supported by Atmos Financial. Atmos offers FDIC-insured checking and savings accounts that only invest in climate-positive assets like renewables, green construction and regenerative agriculture. Modern banking for climate-conscious people. Get an account in minutes at joinatmos.com.
HuffPost senior reporter Alexander Kaufman and investigative journalist and podcast host Amy Westervelt join the show to discuss the hottest issue of the day: climate change. Following the conclusion of COP26, Jason and Ravi are reflecting on what the conference accomplished, the role of the fossil fuel industry in these negotiations, and how we should best approach the climate crisis with people in our lives. We want to hear your thoughts about this episode! Join the conversation and leave us a voicemail at 508-687-2589.For the best sleep of your life, just go to HelixSleep.com/Majority54, take their two-minute sleep quiz, and they'll match you to a customized mattress. They have a 10 year warranty and you get to try it out for a hundred nights, risk free. For our listeners, Helix is offering up to $200 off all mattress orders and two free pillows. Today's episode is brought to you by BetterHelp. BetterHelp is secure counseling done online at lower costs than traditional therapy. As a listener, you'll get 10% off your first month by visiting BetterHelp.com/M54. If you've listened for a while, you know that Ravi and Jason would be nothing without their Athletic Greens. See what all the hype is about when you go to AthleticGreens.com/majority and get a free year supply of Vitamin D and 5 free travel packs with your order. If you want to brush up on a foreign language, or learn a new one altogether, Babbel has you covered. When you purchase a 3-month Babbel subscription, you'll get an additional 3 months for free. That's s6 months for the price of 3. Just go to Babbel.com and use promo code MAJORITY54. Jason is back with a new season and a new co-host, Ravi Gupta. Each week, they'll tackle our most pressing issues, giving you the tools necessary to successfully have conversations across the aisle.Majority54 is a Wonder Media Network production. It's produced by Grace Lynch and Edie Allard. Theme music provided by Kemet Coleman. Special thanks to Diana Kander.Majority 54 on TwitterJason on TwitterJason on InstagramRavi on TwitterRavi on Instagram
Reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions can slow the progress of global warming but only reaching and sustaining net zero global emissions can halt the progress of climate change. The move to renewable power and the use of electric transport are substantial and essential ways to reduce emissions. But even if these transitions take […]
00:00 - Intro02:01 - Recap of Henry's Law of differential pressures. Any gas dissolved in a liquid will equalize with that same gas above the liquid.04:36 - If you exceed the pH ceiling, the atmosphere will literally push CO2 back into the water.04:57 - Where does CO2 come from when adding acid? It converts bicarbonate into carbonic acid (dissolved CO2).07:50 - We don't want bicarbonate ions to convert into carbonate ions (at 8.3 pH or higher) because carbonates are attracted to calcium ions, creating calcium carbonate.12:12 - How can we stop the rise of pH? How can we suppress pH?12:39 - Analogy of the beer: what can you do to stop the beer from going flat? Think of it that way. How can you stop (or slow) the loss of CO2?16:36 - Three categories of ways to suppress pH: cover the pool, chemically suppress it (acid feeder, CO2 injector, trichlor chlorine), and have very low alkalinity or high CYA to lower the pH ceiling.18:53 - Explanation of sense-and-dispense acid feeders, and the challenges with them (overfeeding acid).23:36 - If you don't have any of those reasons listed, but your pH is still being suppressed, please contact us! Teach us so we can learn more about this topic.26:25 - Conclusion. Thanks for listening!------------------------------------Connect with Orenda TechnologiesWebsite: https://www.orendatech.comBlog: https://blog.orendatech.comYouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/OrendaTechnologiesFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/orendatech/Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/orendatechnologies/
Since the Artemis moon mission has been postponed for among other things green initiatives, there are some interesting details we can observe. Though the military, governments, and Space Agencies, mock UFOs publically, they have been secretly investigating the phenomena for decades. Likewise, official science mocks the metaphysical, yet names their missions and rockets after mythological characters. The same can be said about environmentalist 'leaders'. While owning most of the world's resources, including boats, cars, houses, planes, etc., they then lecture and demand trillions of dollars from the public. Parallel to this hypocrisy is the same behavior displayed in Glasgow when climate activists literally left piles of garbage behind in the city. Meanwhile, NASA has published a report demonstrating that although lockdowns reduced CO2 emissions by 5.4%, carbon continued to grow in the atmosphere as a result of natural processes. As a result of NOX reduction, and by extension ozone, methane actually increased at a whopping 0.3% in the last year. This shows, like genetic engineering, what tampering with nature in the name of saving it really does to the planet. Support this podcast
Click here to download the full transcription as a formatted PDF. Episode Summary: Welcome to The No Cap Health Show, a weekly podcast where Dr. Brian Boxer Wachler uses his decades of experience in medicine and ability as an expert researcher to provide a light-hearted approach and share health trends popular on TikTok. In this episode, Dr. Brian continues his discussion on today's topic: Benefits of Cold Showers, Part One. Can taking cold showers help with weight loss? What impact can cold showers have on mental health? Should you avoid taking hot showers in the winter? Are there any environmental benefits to taking cold showers? Find out in today's episode! If you're enjoying the show, we'd love it if you leave the show a Rating & Review at RateThisPodcast.com/NoCap. Key Takeaways 01:15 – Dr. Brian continues his discussion on today's topic, Benefits of Cold Showers 01:49 – Dr. Brian encourages listeners to take a moment to rate this podcast on RateThisPodcast.com/NoCap 02:09 – How Dr. Brian got involved in TikTok 03:01 – Cold showers and weight loss 05:43 – How cold showers can impact mental health issues such as depression 07:40 – Cold showers and endorphins 09:01 – A warning about hot showers during the winter 09:50 – A huge benefit to the environment 11:58 – Dr. Brian provides the No Cap Recap of today's episode and encourages listeners to reach out and Rate and Review this podcast on Tweetable Quotes “There's really no scientific basis for the claim that cold showers help with weight loss. But there is some scientific basis for how this started to get out there. We have, of course, fat and most of the fat is white fat. There's brown fat, small amounts on our body, and these fat cells are known to increase metabolism when they are stimulated. And being in the cold has been shown to stimulate metabolism of those brown fat cells.” (03:40) (Dr. Brian) “I have to give a lot of credit to Olympian Michael Phelps because he came out with his issues and battles with depression as an Olympian.” (06:25) (Dr. Brian) “Five minutes of cold showers twice a week relieved the symptoms of depression. That's pretty powerful because that's no medication, that's no therapy, it's nothing else. It's literally just doing that five-minute cold shower a few times a week.” (07:19) (Dr. Brian) “I do want to mention hot showers because it's winter and, of course, we love those hot, warm showers in the winter especially. But do be aware it can have a really drying effect on your skin.” (09:01) (Dr. Brian) “Switzerland estimated that taking a warm shower for 8.7 minutes, six times a week uses fifteen liters per minute of warm water at 35 degrees Celsius. And that produced up to 248 kilograms of CO2 per person per year, which corresponds to a flight from Zurich to Paris and back.” (10:47) (Dr. Brian) Links Mentioned Link to the Wim Hof Method Dr. Brian's Website Dr. Brian's TikTok Dr. Brian's Instagram Please remember, Dr. Brian is a doctor, but he is not your doctor. He is here to provide general information, not medical advice, so you should always check with your doctor before relying on any information. Podcast Production & Marketing provided by FullCast Copyright. Advanced Vision Education, LLC See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Today we had a fascinating discussion with the management of California Resources Corporation (CRC) about their low carbon initiatives. President and CEO Mac McFarland and Executive Vice President and CFO Francisco Leon joined us for a walkthrough of their thinking, activities and plans in this super important area. Much like the Apache team joining us to describe their innovative tree program, we hope to continue to highlight companies doing innovative things to make oil and gas cleaner. We are all in this together! We hope by sharing and highlighting innovative practices we can all get better.What you will hear from the CRC team is that they have been studying these options for a very long time but in the last 6 months or so it was time to make the move. They were already using CO2 for injection but have now thought through storage and sequestration. They have added solar in the field, applied for two Class VI permits and have made a net zero commitment on scope one, two and three emissions by 2045. It's all honestly really impressive stuff. We really appreciate Mac and Francisco joining today. As discussed, you can find their most recent investor presentation and the clean air task force analysis. We kicked off with Mike Bradley talking a little about what's going on "Over There" and Colin Fenton gave us an awesome tutorial on inflation. There are lots of fun facts but the best one was we have only been above 6 percent inflation (we are 6.2 now) 13 percent of the time since 1950. Transitory is on the verge of becoming predatory. Craig Webster was able to join us for the CRC discussion as well. We hope you enjoy today's discussion and can take away some things for your own business as you hear the CRC story.----------Copyright 2021, Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. The information contained in this update is based on sources considered to be reliable but is not represented to be complete and its accuracy is not guaranteed. This update is designed to provide market commentary only. This update does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities. Nothing contained in this update is intended to be a recommendation of a specific security or company nor is any of the information contained herein intended to constitute an analysis of any company or security reasonably sufficient to form the basis for any investment decision. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co., and its officers, directors, shareholders, employees and affiliates and members of their families may have positions in any securities mentioned and may buy or sell such securities before, after or concurrently with the publication of this update. In some instances, such investments may be inconsistent with the views expressed herein. Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. may, from time to time, perform or solicit investment banking or other services for or from a company, person or entities mentioned in this update. Additional important disclosures, including disclosures regarding companies covered by TPH's research department, may be found at www.tphco.com/Disclosure. Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. (TPH) is the global brand name for Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities, LLC, Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. Securities – Canada, ULC, Perella Weinberg Partners LP, and their affiliates worldwide. Institutional Communication Only. Under FINRA Rule 2210, this communication is deemed institutional sales material and it is not meant for distribution to retail investors. Recipients should not forward this communication to a retail investor.
The steel industry is an essential part of modern society. Economically, the U.S. steel industry produces goods valued at more than $100 billion a year and employs more than 80,000 people. The steel industry is also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. On average, 1.85 tons of CO2 are emitted for every ton of […]
Welcome to a bonus Wednesday episode of the Digital Supply Chain podcast. This is another joint Digital Supply Chain and Climate 21 podcast episode because the topic - the electrification of transportation is relevant to both podcasts.Today's podcast guest is James Carter. James is a Mobility Futurist, Thought Leader, and Influencer, and he is the Principal Consultant at Vision Mobility.We talked in the podcast about the climate implications of the electrification of transportation, whether hydrogen has a place in transport, and why electrification is coming to fleet vehicles. This was a truly fascinating episode of the podcast and I learned loads as always, and I hope you do too.Oh, and this is one of the first podcast episodes that I have created chapters for. If you find them useful, do let me know (firstname.lastname@example.org) and I'll make the effort to do it more often!If you have any comments/suggestions or questions for the podcast - feel free to leave me a voice message over on my SpeakPipe page or just send it to me as a direct message on Twitter/LinkedIn. Audio messages will get played (unless you specifically ask me not to).If you want to learn more about how to juggle sustainability and efficiency mandates while recovering from pandemic-induced disruptions, meeting growth targets, and preparing for an uncertain future, check out our Oxford Economics research report here.And don't forget to check out the 2021 MPI research on Industry 4.0 to find out how to increase productivity, revenues, and profitability for your operations. This global study examines the extent to which manufacturers deploy Industry 4.0 in their business and the benefits it brings.And if you liked this show, please don't forget to rate and/or review it. It makes a big difference to help new people discover it. Thanks.And remember, stay healthy, stay safe, stay sane!
Welcome to another joint Digital Supply Chain and Climate 21 podcast episode. The reason this is a joint podcast is that today's topic - the electrification of transportation is relevant to both podcasts.Today's podcast guest is James Carter. James is a Mobility Futurist, Thought Leader and Influencer, and he is the Principal Consultant at Vision Mobility.We talked in the podcast about the climate implications of the electrification of transportation, whether hydrogen has a place in transport, and why electrification is coming to fleet vehicles. This was a truly fascinating episode of the podcast and I learned loads as always, and I hope you do too.If you have any comments/suggestions or questions for the podcast - feel free to leave me a voice message over on my SpeakPipe page, head on over to the Climate 21 Podcast Forum, or just send it to me as a direct message on Twitter/LinkedIn. Audio messages will get played (unless you specifically ask me not to).And if you want to know more about any of SAP's Sustainability solutions, head on over to www.sap.com/sustainability, and if you liked this show, please don't forget to rate and/or review it. It makes a big difference to help new people discover the show. Thanks.And remember, stay healthy, stay safe, stay sane!Music credit - Intro and Outro music for this podcast was composed, played, and produced by my daughter Luna Juniper
Grape consumption benefits gut microbiome and cholesterol metabolism University of California at Los Angeles, November 11, 2021 A new clinical study published in the scientific journal Nutrients found that consuming grapes significantly increased the diversity of bacteria in the gut which is considered essential to good health overall. Additionally, consuming grapes significantly decreased cholesterol levels, as well as bile acids which play an integral role in cholesterol metabolism. The findings suggest a promising new role for grapes in gut health and reinforce the benefits of grapes on heart health. In the intervention study], healthy subjects consumed the equivalent of 1.5 cups of grapes per day – for four weeks. The subjects consumed a low fiber/low polyphenol diet throughout the study. After four weeks of grape consumption there was an increase in microbial diversity as measured by the Shannon index, a commonly used tool for measuring diversity of species. Among the beneficial bacteria that increased was Akkermansia, a bacteria of keen interest for its beneficial effect on glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as on the integrity of the intestinal lining. Additionally, a decrease in blood cholesterols was observed including total cholesterol by 6.1% and LDL cholesterol by 5.9%. Bile acids, which are linked to cholesterol metabolism, were decreased by 40.9%. Vitamin D supplementation associated with lower risk of heart attack or death during follow-up Kansas City VA Medical Center, November 8 2021. The October 2021 issue of the Journal of the Endocrine Society published findings from a retrospective study of US veterans that uncovered an association between supplementing with vitamin D and a lower risk of heart attack and mortality from any cause during up to 14 years of follow-up. The study included men and women treated at the Kansas City VA Medical Center from 1999-2018 who had low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels of 20 ng/mL or less. Among 11,119 patients who were not treated with vitamin D supplements, follow-up vitamin D levels remained at 20 ng/mL or lower. For those who received the vitamin, levels improved to 21-29 ng/mL among 5,623 patients and to at least 30 ng/mL among 3,277 patients at follow-up. Men and women whose vitamin D levels improved to at least 30 ng/mL had a risk of heart attack that was 35% lower than patients whose levels improved to 21-29 ng/mL and 27% lower than the untreated group. The difference in risk between untreated individuals and those whose levels improved to 21-29 ng/mL was not determined to be significant. Patients whose vitamin D levels improved the most also experienced significantly greater heart attack-free survival during follow-up than the remainder of the patients. When mortality from any cause during follow-up was examined, men and women whose vitamin D levels improved to 21-29 ng/mL had a 41% lower risk, and those whose levels improved to 30 ng/mL or more had a 39% lower risk than the untreated group. “These results suggest that targeting 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels above 30 ng/mL might improve prognosis in the primary prevention setting among individuals with vitamin D deficiency,” authors Prakash Acharya of the University of Kansas Medical Center and colleagues wrote. Meditative practice and spiritual wellbeing may preserve cognitive function in aging Alzheimer's Research and Prevention Foundation and Thomas Jefferson University, November 12, 2021 It is projected that up to 152 million people worldwide will be living with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by 2050. To date there are no drugs that have a substantial positive impact on either the prevention or reversal of cognitive decline. A growing body of evidence finds that targeting lifestyle and vascular risk factors have a beneficial effect on overall cognitive performance. A new review in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, published by IOS Press, examines research that finds spiritual fitness, a new concept in medicine that centers on psychological and spiritual wellbeing may reduce multiple risk factors for AD. Research reveals that religious and spiritual involvement can preserve cognitive function as we age. Significantly, individuals who have a high score on a "purpose in life" (PIL) measure, a component of psychological wellbeing, were 2.4 times more likely to remain free of AD than individuals with low PIL. In another study, participants who reported higher levels of PIL exhibited better cognitive function, and further, PIL protected those with already existing pathological conditions, thus slowing their decline. Radiotherapy may explain why childhood cancer survivors often develop metabolic disease Rockefeller University, November 9, 2021 Decades after battling childhood cancer, survivors often face a new challenge: cardiometabolic disease. A spectrum of conditions that includes coronary heart disease and diabetes, cardiometabolic disease typically impacts people who are obese, elderly, or insulin resistant. For reasons yet unknown, young, seemingly healthy adults who survived childhood cancer are also at risk. Radiation therapy may be to blame. A new study finds that childhood cancer patients who were treated with abdominal or total body irradiation grow up to display abnormalities in their adipose (fat) tissue, similar to those found in obese individuals with cardiometabolic disease. "When physicians are planning radiation therapy, they are very conscious of toxicity to major organs. But fat is often not considered," says Rockefeller's Paul Cohen. "Our results imply that the early exposure of fat cells to radiation may cause long-term dysfunction in the adipose tissue that puts childhood cancer survivors at higher risk of cardiometabolic disease." Researchers discover link between dietary fat (palm oil) and the spread of cancer Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (Spain), November 10, 2021 The study, published in the journal Nature and part-funded by the UK charity Worldwide Cancer Research, uncovers how palmitic acid alters the cancer genome, increasing the likelihood the cancer will spread. The researchers have started developing therapies that interrupt this process and say a clinical trial could start in the next couple of years. Newly published findings reveal that one such fatty acid commonly found in palm oil, called palmitic acid, promotes metastasis in oral carcinomas and melanoma skin cancer in mice. Other fatty acids called oleic acid and linoleic acid—omega-9 and omega-6 fats found in foods such as olive oil and flaxseeds—did not show the same effect. Neither of the fatty acids tested increased the risk of developing cancer in the first place. The research found that when palmitic acid was supplemented into the diet of mice, it not only contributed to metastasis, but also exerts long-term effects on the genome. Cancer cells that had only been exposed to palmitic acid in the diet for a short period of time remained highly metastatic even when the palmitic acid had been removed from the diet. The researchers discovered that this "memory" is caused by epigenetic changes—changes to how our genes function. The epigenetic changes alter the function of metastatic cancer cells and allow them to form a neural network around the tumor to communicate with cells in their immediate environment and to spread more easily. By understanding the nature of this communication, the researchers uncovered a way to block it and are now in the process of planning a clinical trial to stop metastasis in different types of cancer. Study finds consuming nuts strengthens brainwave function Loma Linda University, November 15, 2021 A new study has found that eating nuts on a regular basis strengthens brainwave frequencies associated with cognition, healing, learning, memory and other key brain functions. In the study titled "Nuts and brain: Effects of eating nuts on changing electroencephalograph brainwaves," researchers found that some nuts stimulated some brain frequencies more than others. Pistachios, for instance, produced the greatest gamma wave response, which is critical for enhancing cognitive processing, information retention, learning, perception and rapid eye movement during sleep. Peanuts, which are actually legumes, but were still part of the study, produced the highest delta response, which is associated with healthy immunity, natural healing, and deep sleep. The study's principal investigator, Lee Berk, DrPH, MPH, associate dean for research at the LLU School of Allied Health Professions, said that while researchers found variances between the six nut varieties tested (almonds, cashews, peanuts, pecans, pistachios and walnuts), all of them were high in beneficial antioxidants, with walnuts containing the highest antioxidant concentrations of all. Why Nitrates And Nitrites In Processed Meats Are Harmful – But Those In Vegetables Aren't University of Hertfordshire (UK), November 11, 2021 While there are many reasons processed meats aren't great for our health, one reason is because they contain chemicals called nitrates and nitrites. But processed meats aren't the only foods that contain these chemicals. In fact, many vegetables also contain high amounts – mainly nitrates. And yet research suggests that eating vegetables lowers – not raises – cancer risk. So how can nitrates and nitrites be harmful when added to meat but healthy in vegetables? The answer lies in how nitrates and nitrites in food get converted into other molecules. Nitrates and nitrites occur attached to sodium or potassium, and belong to a family of chemically related molecules that also includes the gas nitric oxide. Vegetables such as beetroot, spinach and cabbages are particularly good sources of nitrates. When we eat something containing nitrates or nitrites, they may convert into a related molecular form. For example, nitrate in vegetables and in the pharmaceutical form nitroglycerine (which is used to treat angina), can convert in the body into nitric oxide. Nitric oxide dilates blood vessels, which can reduce blood pressure. It's actually sodium nitrite – not nitrate – that's linked to cancer. But if consuming nitrites alone directly caused cancer, then even eating vegetables would be harmful to us. Given this isn't the case, it shows us that cancer risk likely comes from when the sodium nitrites react with other molecules in the body. So it isn't necessarily the nitrates and nitrites themselves that cause health issues – including cancer. Rather, it's what form they are converted into that can increase risk – and what these converted molecules interact with in our bodies. The main concern is when sodium nitrite reacts with degraded bits of amino acids – protein fragments our body produces during the digestion of proteins – forming molecules called N-nitroso compounds (NOCs). These NOCs have been shown to cause cancer. Obama Climate & Environment Record Seasoned environmentalists were very skeptical of obama from the very start n the 2008 campaign -- notably his coal to liquid technology he advocated and his great enthusiasm for ethanol Sold off 2.2 billion tons of coal from public land (Greenpeace report). The sales to private interests generated $2.3 billon but CO2 damage estimated between $52-530 billion His Clean Power Plan -- which Trump administration later trashed -- really had little to do with the plan's name -- had nothing to do with eradicating hazardous pollutants from power generation; it was primarily all based on a cap and trade system to regulate carbon dioxide Ran on campaign that by 2025, 25% of US energy would be renewable Was never anywhere close on being on track for that goal Promoted fracking as a move away from coal to natural gas -- this was a midst promises to have highest standards for fracking on federal land -- never happened Lowered natural gas export restrictions in order to sell more US natural gas to foeign customers Made efforts to weaken rules.on methane leaks from oil and gas operations -- leaks account or 3 percent of US gas emissions Also instrumental in pushing on behalf of pipeline companies and terminals to have major coastal terminals for gas exports (most notable example was Cove Point terminal in Maryland that Obama touted Flint Water crisis Sued the EPA over a dozen ties against the agency's effort to increase environmental regulations on corporations Opened more federal and land (18% increase between 2009-2014) for oil and gas drilling -- including "off limits" regions in the mid Atlantic coast, along Alaska's Arctic coast and Gulf of mexico, Completely failed on setting rules or clean disposal of coal ash byproduct -- US produces about 100 million tons of this crap annually and just dumps into holes in the ground Went soft on ozone pollution and smog rules -- did lower Bush's ozone threshold from 75ppb to 70 ppb, but his EPA was recommending 60-65 ppb Very insensitive to wood pellet development under the disguise as a renewable -- part of his clean power plan
Up to 8 percent of deer sampled in studies in the US were found to be infected with the SARS-Cov-2 Virus. Suresh Kuchipudi from the Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at Penn State University in the US says what they are seeing is a mixture of human to deer and deer to deer transmission of the virus. There is concern that its presence in animal reservoirs could lead to a new form of the virus emerging. Tropical forests and spread of zoonotic diseases And as the Cop26 meeting in Glasgow draws to a close we ask how global policy on climate will impact the spread of zoonotic disease. Spill over of possible pandemic pathogens from animals to humans occurs with the destruction of tropical forests in particular and can expose people to previously unknown zoonotic diseases such as Covid 19. Aaron Bernstein from the Coalition to Prevent Pandemics at the Source says healthcare initiatives designed to reduce the potential spread of such diseases need to be designed to work in tandem with conservation and climate change impact reduction initiatives, essentially tackling both problems simultaneously. LED lighting Researchers in South Africa are looking into ways of making LED lighting both cheaper and more efficient. This should help reduce energy consumption, a prerequisite for effective policy on climate change. In addition, as Professor Odireleng Martin Ntwaeaborwa tells us, the technology now has many applications in places where access to electricity is limited, including South Africa which currently has regular power outages. Personalised medicine And personalised medicine based on our genes took a further step forward this week. Richard Scott, Chief Medical Officer for Genomics England discusses new findings which reveal the genetic basis for a range or rare diseases. And, Concrete is the most widely used substance on earth after water. It's quite literally the foundation of the modern world, and no wonder - it's strong, cheap, and mouldable into nearly any shape. But these benefits come at a cost: concrete production is responsible for around 8% of global CO2 emissions - that's around three times more than the aviation industry. Concrete might not look pretty, but given its carbon footprint, should we be more careful about how we use it? And rather than throwing waste into landfill, could we recycle it instead? That's what Crowdscience listener Catherine wants to know. To investigate, Marnie Chesterton and Anand Jagatia learn more about what makes concrete such a brilliant and versatile material. It's down to the chemistry of how cement dries – which, it turns out, is anything but boring. They find out how the stuff is made, and why that produces so much carbon. And they hear about some ingenious projects to repurpose demolition waste – including creating underwater habitats for marine life, and using 3D printers to turn crushed concrete into street furniture. Image: Bambi, lobbycard, 1942 Photo by LMPC via Getty Images Presenter: Roland Pease