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The Gravel Ride.  A cycling podcast
Craig Calfee - Bicycle Industry pioneer

The Gravel Ride. A cycling podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 11, 2022 70:45


This week Randall sits down with bicycle industry pioneer, Craig Calfee. Craig has been an industry leader for decades with his work on the Calfee brand and many other collaborations throughout the industry. You cannot find someone more knowledgable about carbon (or bamboo) as a material.  Calfee Designs Website Join The Ridership Support the Podcast Automated Transcription, please excuse the typos: Craig Calfee Randall [00:00:00]  [00:00:04] Randall: Welcome to the gravel ride podcast. I'm your host Randall Jacobs and our guest today is Craig Calfee. Craig is the founder of Calfee Design, the innovator behind the first full carbon frames to race in the tour de France, the originator of numerous technologies adopted throughout the cycling industry, and on a personal note has been a generous and consistent supporter of my own entrepreneurial journey. I am grateful to have him as a friend, and I've been looking forward to this conversation for some time. So with that, Craig, Calfee welcome to the podcast. [00:00:32] Craig Calfee: Oh, thank you. Nice to be here. [00:00:34] Randall: So, let's start with, what's your background, give your own story in your own words. [00:00:40] Craig Calfee: Well, I've always written bikes. I mean, as a kid, that's how I got around. And that's, as you become an older child, you, uh, find your independence with moving about the world. And a bicycle of course, is the most efficient way to do that. And later on, I was a bike messenger in New York when I went to college and that kind of got me into bike design as much for the, uh, desire to make a bike that can withstand a lot of abuse. And later on, I used a bike for commuting to work at a job, building carbon fiber racing boats. And during that time I crashed my bike and needed a new frame. So I thought I'd make a frame at a carbon fiber, uh, tubing that I had been making at my.  [00:01:29] Randall: my job  [00:01:30] Craig Calfee: So this is back in 1987, by the way. So there wasn't a, there were no YouTube videos on how to make your own carbon bike. So I pretty much had to invent a way to build the bike out of this tubing. And at the time there were aluminum lugged bikes, and I just, I knew already aluminum and carbon fiber don't get along very well. So you have to really do a lot of things to, to accommodate that. And the existing bikes at the time were, uh, I would say experimental in the fact that they were just trying to glue aluminum to carbon and it really wasn't working. [00:02:05] So I came up with my own way and built my first bike and it turned out really well. And a lot of friends and, and bike racers who checked out the bikes that I I really should keep going with it. So I felt like I discovered carbon fiber as a, as the perfect bicycle material before anyone else. Uh, and actually, uh, right at that time, Kestrel came out with their first bike, uh, the K 1000 or something. Um, anyway that was uh, that was in 87, 88. And, uh, I felt like I should really, you know give it a go. So I moved out to California and started a bike company. [00:02:48] Randall: So just to be clear, you were actually making the tubes, you weren't buying tubes. So you're making the tubes out of the raw carbon or some pre-printed carbon. then you came up with your own way of, uh, joining those tubes. [00:03:01] Craig Calfee: Yeah. I worked on a braiding machine, so it was actually a a hundred year old, uh, shoelace braider, uh, from back in Massachusetts. There's a lot of old textile machinery braiding is, uh, you know, your braided socks and, you know, nylon rope is braided. So this is a 72 carrier braider, which means 72 spools of carbon fiber. [00:03:25] Are winding in and out braiding this tube and you just run it back and forth through this braider a few times. And now you have a thick enough wall to, uh, I developed a and tape wrapping method at that job and came up with a pretty decent way to make a bicycle tube. So that was kind of the beginning of that. [00:03:47] Uh, and since then I've explored all kinds of methods for making tubing, mainly through subcontractors who specialize in things like filament winding and roll wrapping. And, uh, pultrusion, you know, all kinds of ways to make tubing. And that does relate to kind of an inspiration for me, where I realized that, uh, carbon fiber, you know, high performance composites are relatively young and new in the world of technology where metals are, you know, the metals have been around since the bronze age. [00:04:21] I mean, literally 5,000 years of development happened with metals, carbon fiber, uh, high-performance composites have only really been around since world war two. So that's a huge gap in development that hasn't happened with composites. So that to me felt like, oh, there's some job security for a guy who likes to invent things. So that was my, a kind of full force to get me to really focus on composite materials. [00:04:51] Randall: Were you that insightful in terms of the historical context at the time, or is that kind of a retro or retrospective reflection? [00:04:58] Craig Calfee: I think, I don't know. I think I may have read about that. Um, I a friend who had a library card at MIT and I pretty much lived there for a few weeks every, uh, master's thesis and PhD thesis on bicycles that they had in their library. And I think somewhere in there was a, uh, a topic on composites and comparing the technology of composites. [00:05:23] So. I probably that from some reading I did, or maybe I did invent that out of thin air. I don't remember, uh, nonetheless, uh, the fact of it is, you know, not, not a whole lot of mental energy has been put into coming up with ways of processing fiber and resin compared to metal. So to me that just opens up a wide world of, of innovation. [00:05:49] Randall: Um, and so the first frame was that, um, you're creating essentially uniform tubes and then mitering them, joining them, wrapping them as you do with your current bamboo frames or what was happening there. [00:06:02] Craig Calfee: Uh, it's more like the, uh, our, our carbon fiber frames were laminating carbon fabric in metal dyes, and those are not mitered tubes fitting into the dyes. And that's, that's a process. I got my first patent on. And it, uh, so in the process of compressing the carbon fabric against the tubes, you're you end up with these gussets in what is traditionally the parting line of a mold and rather than trim them off completely. [00:06:31] I, I use them as reinforcing ribs. [00:06:35] Randall: Yep. Okay. So that explains the, the, that distinctive element that continues with your, um, some of your, uh, to tube, uh, currently  [00:06:48] Craig Calfee: them  [00:06:49] the hand wrapping technique from that you currently see on the bamboo bikes came from developing a tandem frame, or basically a frame whose production numbers don't justify the tooling costs. Um, so that's hand wrapped. That's just literally lashed to. Yeah. And a point of note, there is I was a boy scout growing up and, uh, there's this merit badge called pioneering merit badge. [00:07:16] And I really enjoyed pioneering merit badge because it involved lashing row, uh, poles together with rope and the pro you had to do with this one project. And I did a tower and it was this enormous structure that went just straight up like a flagpole, but it was it involved a bunch of tetrahedrons, uh, stacked on top of each other and lashed together. [00:07:41] you know, culminating in a pole that went up. I don't remember how tall it was, but it was, it was really impressive. And everybody, you know, thought, wow, this is incredible of poles and some rope. And here we have this massive tower. So anyway, I was into things together since a young age. [00:08:00] And so I immediately came up with the, uh, the last tube concept. Which is where the, now the bamboo bikes are. course there's a specific pattern to the wrapping, but, um, the concept is basically using fiber to lash stuff together, [00:08:16] Randall: When it immediately brings to mind, what's possible with current generation of additive production techniques. Uh, whereas before you could make small components and then lash them together to create structures that otherwise aren't manufacturable. [00:08:31] Now you'd be able to say, print it out though. Those, you know, those printed out materials don't have the performance characteristics of a, you know, a uni directional carbon of the sword that you're working with currently. [00:08:42] Craig Calfee: right? [00:08:43] Randall: Um, so we've gone deep nerd here. We're going to, I'm going to pull us out and say, okay, uh, lots of time for this. [00:08:49] This is going to be a double episode. Uh, so next up, let's talk about those frames, uh, saw their big debut. [00:08:59] Craig Calfee: Yeah. So, um, we started making custom geometry for a. In 1989 and selling them and so big and tall, and that the idea of custom geometry frames was, uh, you know, pretty esoteric. And the pro racers were, we're using a lot of custom frames. So Greg Lamond, uh, was in search of a carbon fiber, uh, custom frame builder in, uh, 1990. [00:09:31] And, uh, no one really was doing it. We were literally the only company making custom carbon frame bikes. So he, uh, found out about us, uh, effectively discovered us, shall we say? And, uh, it didn't take long for him to order up 18 of them for his, his, uh, team Z, uh, teammates. He was sponsoring his own team with a Lamont brand. [00:09:56] So we didn't have to sponsor him. He basically paid for the frame. Put his name on them. And, and, uh, now we're now we're on the defending champions, a tour de France team. So that was a huge break obviously. And it was really a pleasure working with Greg and getting to know the demands of the pro Peloton, uh, you know, that really launched us. [00:10:21] So that was, uh, quite a splash. And, you know, it always is a great answer to the question. Oh, so who rides your bike kind of thing. you know, you have the, the full-on best one in the world at the time. So, so that was a fun thing. [00:10:39] Randall: And the name of the company at the time was, [00:10:41] Craig Calfee: Uh, carbon frames. [00:10:42] Randall: yeah. So anyone wanting [00:10:45] dig up the historical record, [00:10:47] Craig Calfee: is this too generic? You know, the other to what you're talking about, the adventure bikes. Yeah, we had to stop. I mean, carbon frames is a terrible name because everyone started talking about all carbon fiber frames as carbon frames. So we thought that was cool, you know, like Kleenex, you know, uh, and then we came up with the adventure bike, you know, with very early, uh, adventure bike. [00:11:11] And it was just, we called it the adventure bike. And now there's a classification called adventure bikes that, you know, so, um, I think we, we, we went too generic on how we named our models. [00:11:26] Randall: I've drawn from the rich tradition, a tradition of Greek, you know, uh, philosophy for naming my own companies in the like, [00:11:35] Craig Calfee: Yeah. [00:11:36] Randall: uh, um, and then next up, uh, so you've worked with Greg Lamond on those frames. Carbon frames is up and running and you're, you're producing custom geo frames and you're starting to get at some scale at this point and some notoriety. [00:11:52] next up you were working on your bamboo bikes. When we talk about that [00:11:57] Craig Calfee: Yeah, that was say, I'm kind of at the, at the time, it was just a way to get publicity. So at the Interbike trade show, you'd have a few creative people making some wacky bikes out of beer cans or, or other just weird things just to get attention, just, just to send the media over to your booth, to take a picture of some wacky thing that you're doing. [00:12:20] yeah, we got to do something like that to get, get some attention. And the, uh, so I was looking around for some PVC pipe. Maybe I was going to do a PVC pipe bike, and I wasn't really sure, but I knew that we could just wrap any tube. Make a bike out of literally anything. So, um, my dog was playing with some bamboo behind the shop. [00:12:42] Uh, she was a stick dog, so she loved to clamp onto a stick and you could swing her around by the, by the sticks. She's a pit bull and lab mix. Anyway, we ran out of sticks. Uh, cause we only had one little tree in the back, but we did have some bamboos. So she came up with a piece of bamboo and I was her around by it, expecting it to break off in her mouth because I just wasn't aware of how strong bamboo was, but it turned out it was really quite strong. [00:13:12] And I said, oh, let's make a bike out of this stuff. And sure enough, uh, the bike was, uh, quite a attention getter. It got the quarter page and bicycling magazine so that, you know mission accomplished on that front. And, but the bike itself rode really well.  [00:13:29] Randall: well  [00:13:30] Craig Calfee: Um, when I wrote my first carbon bike, uh, the very first ride on my very first carbon bike, I was struck by how smooth it was. [00:13:38] It had this vibration damping that was, you know, just super noticeable and, and that really kind of lit a fire under my butt thinking, wow, this is really cool. When I built my first bamboo bike, I had that same feeling again, how smooth It was It was amazing for its vibration damping. So, uh, I knew I was onto something at that point. [00:14:02] Uh, that first bike was a little too flexy, but, uh, the second bike I built was significantly stiffer and was an actual, real rideable bike. So, uh, from that point, uh, we just started building a few here and there and it was still a novelty item until about, uh, 1999, 2000. When a few people who had been riding them, or like, I want another one, I I want to know mountain bike this time. [00:14:29] So as it was just starting to get known and, uh, we started selling them through dealers. And I mean there's a lot of stories I can tell on how that evolved and how people started actually believing that a bamboo bike could actually exist in the world. So it took a while though. [00:14:49] Randall: I think there's a whole thread that we could tug on maybe in a subsequent episode where we focus just on the bamboo bike revolution. [00:14:57] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Yeah. That's um, there's a lot of, lot of stuff going on there. I'm actually writing my second book on history of the bamboo bike, because there's so many interesting angles to it, particularly in the. [00:15:10] Randall: in Africa [00:15:12] I'm struck by the juxtaposition of this bleeding edge. Uh, you know, high-tech material that you pioneered and then this going back to one of the most basic building materials, uh, that we have building bikes out of that. And in fact, um, on the one hand, there's this, this extreme, know, difference in terms of the technology ization of each material. [00:15:34] But on the other hand, there's a parallel the sense that like carbon, in tubes is best, uh, you know, generally, uh, when it's you need to write. Yeah, with maybe some cross fibers in order to prevent, prevent it from separating. And bamboo also has that characteristic of having, you know, you need directional fibers that are bonded together by some, uh, you know, some other material in, in the, in the bamboo [00:15:58] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Yeah, it's very, there's a lot of similarities. I mean, bamboo is amazing just because it grows out of the ground and tubular for. And it grows a new, huge variety of diameters and wealth thicknesses. So if you're looking for tubing, I mean, you don't have to go much further. It's amazing that it literally grows out of the ground that way.  [00:16:20] Randall: paint [00:16:21] a picture for folks to, um, most of our listeners I'm guessing are in north America or, you know, other, uh, English-speaking parts of the world. I lived in China and as you've been, you see huge scaffolding, multi-story, you know, big buildings and the scaffolding isn't made out of metal. [00:16:37] It's made out of bamboo lashed together with zip ties and pieces of wire. So it really speaks to the, the structural, uh, strength of the material and reliability of the material. and you know, should instill confidence when descending down a mountain. [00:16:54] Craig Calfee: Oh yeah. No, it's, I, I remember seeing bamboo and scaffolding many, many years. And I thought, well, of course, and the other reason they use it in scaffolding is when a typhoon hits and it, it kind of messes up the scaffolding of a construction site. Um, it's, they're back to work on the bamboo construction sites, much faster than the metal scaffolding sites, they have to deal with bent and distorted metal scaffolding, um, to replace those and fix that takes a lot longer where bamboo, they just bend it back and lash it back together. [00:17:32] It's it's so much easier. [00:17:35] Randall: there's one more thing on this theme that I want to, uh, pull out before we move on, which is talk to me about the, the sustainability components of it. Um, starting with how it was done initially. [00:17:47] And then now with say like, uh, biodegradable resins or, or other materials I can, this frame can be current. [00:17:55] Craig Calfee: Uh, the short answer is yes, the frame can be composted. And the other cool thing is if you take care of it, it it'll never compost, meaning you can prevent it from being composted naturally. if you really want to, you know, uh, dispose of the frame, um, it will biodegrade much faster than any other material that bicycle frames are made of. [00:18:22] So yeah, the, the renewable aspect, the low energy content of it, it's, it's utterly the best you can imagine. And we're kind of waiting for the world to finally get serious about global warming and start to have some economic incentives for buying products that are in fact, uh, good for the environment. Uh, we haven't seen that yet, but we're kind of holding out and hoping that happens. [00:18:49] And then we'll see probably some significant growth in the bamboo adoption in the bicycling world. [00:18:57] Randall: I want to plant a seed that, that, uh, to germinate in my head, which is this idea of bamboos being the ideal material for kind of more mainstream, uh, utility bicycles and recreational bicycles. really it's a matter of the unit economics in economies of scale and consistency of material, which you could make uniform by having, uh, having controlled grow conditions and things like that. [00:19:23] Um, but it could be a very localized industry to anywhere where bamboo grows. this could be produced, which reduces transportation costs reduces, you know, issues of inventory carrying and all these things. Um, so let's, let's park that I want to ask you more about those, about the economics of bamboo in a side conversation to see if there's, you know, explore there. [00:19:45] Craig Calfee: well, there is. I mean, that's, that's what we did in Africa. Same concept is as why, why would bamboo work in Africa better than the imported bikes from China? So that was, that was the whole thing around that. [00:19:59] Randall: Ah, I love it. All right. So though, there will be a bamboo episode folks. Uh, we're going to, going to continue cause there's a lot of ground to cover here. so next steps you've done done the first carbon frame and the tour de France, uh, carbon frames is up and running. You've started getting into bamboo, what was next, [00:20:18] Craig Calfee: Um, then lots of smaller developments, which become really important to us from a business perspective, uh, fiber tandem, we built the first one of those. And then we went to a lateral list, tandem design, and it's pretty optimized at this point. So we're, I would say we are the leader in the tandem world in terms of the highest performance, tandem bikes, uh, and then re repairing of carbon frames. [00:20:47] That was a big one, uh, which we were kind of pushed into by customers. And other folks who heard that we could repair the Cathy frames and they would set a call up. And literally we had a, an in one inquiry per week, if not more, more often about like a colonoscopy that this guy wanted to repair and he heard we could do it on ours. [00:21:10] And we're like, well, by a Calfee don't, you know, I'm sorry, but we can't repair somebody else's frame. You'll have to buy one of ours. And then you'll know that you crash it, we can repair it for, he was trying to make that a, a a advantage for our brand, but we couldn't really, you know, do that. So, uh, we said, well, if we can't beat them, we'll repair them. [00:21:32] And we repaired a first and then some specialized, I think, after that. So we, we accepted repair jobs and pretty soon it became about a third of our, our business. And it's, uh, of course now lots of other people repair frames, but, uh, we started doing that in 2001 or something and, and we've been doing it ever since. [00:21:58] And it's, that part has been really interesting to see, because we get to literally see the inside of everyone else's frames and look at the weak points. You know, they often show up on, on people's frames and get asked to fix them or even redesign them at that point. So that's been really interesting to, to me as a technician, [00:22:21] Randall: and want to come back to this in a second, but before we lose it, what is a lateralis tandem design? [00:22:27] Craig Calfee: uh, that, so traditional tandems had a, a tube that went the head tube, usually straight back down towards the dropouts or or bottom bottom bracket. And it's, it's a way to stiffen up a frame. That's inherently not very stiffened torsion. But, uh, with composites, you can orient the fiber, uh, in torsion to make a tube significantly stiffer and torsion than say a metal tube of similar weight. [00:22:57] So we were able to go a little bit bigger diameter and more fiber in the helical angled orientation and make a tandem, uh, stiff enough and torsion and get rid of that tube. And for a carbon fiber frame, that it was really important because number of times you have to join the tube, the more expensive it is or the more labor content there is. So we were able to reduce our labor content, make the frame lighter and make it stiffer all at, in one design change. So that was a big, a big revelation. And now I most of them have copied that design. So it's, uh, it's, that's another time where we, we did something that, that, uh, now became the standard. [00:23:43] Randall: Yeah. One of many from what I've observed in a written the history. Uh, so around this time, or shortly after you started the repair business, you started doing some pretty, pretty wild frames in terms of pushing the limits of what was possible when we talk about that. [00:24:01] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Yeah, we did. We've done a lot of different types of frames, uh, mostly for show, but, um, like the north American handmade bike show is a great venue for just doing something way out of left field. Um, we did, uh, a bamboo bike made all out of small diameter, bamboo. Um, it's I only made one because it was a total pain in the ass to make. [00:24:26] Uh, and it was also kind of inspired by the, a request from a guy who was not only a fan of bamboo, but he was a fan of molten style bikes. Those are the trust style frames with small wheels. So we built one of those and. With the only small diameter bamboo, and we built another one that was, uh, a real art piece. [00:24:49] So just having fun with that from a, you know, completely artistic direction is a lot of fun for me because that's my formal training. I went to art school and learned about different materials and, and art and composition. Uh, and I was into the structure of materials and how they, they relate to each other. [00:25:12] And my art was more of a forum file form follows function, kind of inspiration. And, uh, so some bikes that I've made were, are not terribly practical, but just explore the, the limits of structure. So another bike I made, uh, we call it the spider web bike, which was literally a, a bike made of just carbon fiber strands. [00:25:36] No tubes. And it, it was kind of wild looking and a collector ended up buying it, which is really cool. But you look at this thing and you just couldn't imagine that it, it, you could actually ride it, but, uh, it actually does ride fairly well. It's a bit fragile if you crash it, it would be kind of dangerous, but you know, stuff like that. [00:25:55] I like to do that occasionally. [00:25:59] Randall: I think of, uh, like biomorphic design or like hyper optimized design that maybe doesn't have the resiliency, but very strict parameters will perform higher than anything else that you could, you could create. [00:26:12] Craig Calfee: absolutely. Yeah. Those are really fun. I'm really inspired by natural forms and, uh, you know, the, the, some of the new computer aided techniques we're designing are, uh, rattled in those lines. so, yeah, I follow that pretty closely. [00:26:28] Randall: a little sidebar. Um, I don't know if you've, uh, no of, uh, Nick Taylor, the guy who created the, Ibis Maximus in front of the mountain bike hall of fame. [00:26:40] Craig Calfee: Um, no, I don't think so. [00:26:43] Randall: I'll introduce you to his work at some point, but he's another one of these people who, very avid cyclist is not in the bike industry, but is. There's a lot of trail building and alike and isn't is a sculptor really focused on, the form of, uh, you know, biological shapes and materials and, and things of this sort. [00:27:02] Uh, I think that there's a lot, uh, I'm actually curious more into your, your non bike artistic work for a moment. Uh, and, and how that got infused into your work with the bike. [00:27:18] Craig Calfee: yeah, so I haven't done a lot of, you know, just pure, fine art sculpture in a long time. But when I was doing that, it was. a lot of things that would fool the eye or, um, some material and, and push it to its limit. So I was doing stuff that was, um, uh, you know, trying to create a, almost like a physical illusion, not just an optical illusion, but a, but a physical illusion or like, how could you possibly do that kind of thing? [00:27:54] And that was a theme of my sculpture shortly after Pratt. So for example, just take one example of a sculpture that I got a lot of credit for in classes at Pratt, it was a, a big block of Oak. It was a cutoff from a woodworking shop. It's about a foot in, let's say a foot cube of Oak. And I would, um, so I, I, uh, raised the grain on it with a wire brush and then I blocked printed on Oak tag page. [00:28:26] Um, some black ink on rolled onto the Oak block and made a river, basically a print off of each face of the, of the block. And then I carefully taped that paper together to simulate a paper block of the Oak chunk that I I had. now I had a super light paper version of the Oak block. And then I hung them on a balance beam, which I forged at a steel, but the hanging point was way close to the piece. [00:28:57] And if you looked at it from three feet away, just, your brain would, just hurting because you couldn't figure out how is this even possible? And because it really looked amazing, super hyper real. Anyway, it just looked amazing and it was fun to get the effect of how the hell did that. Did he do that? [00:29:18] What's what's the trick here. There's something going on. That's not real. Or it's. Uh it's not physically possible. And I kind of got that feeling with the carbon fiber bike. When we, when we built the first bike, everyone would pick it up and go, oh, that's just too light. It's not even a bike. It's a plastic bike it's going to break instantly. [00:29:39] So that was sort of a relation from, from those days to the, to the bike. [00:29:44] Randall: You ever come across Douglas Hofstadter's book, Godel, Escher Bach. [00:29:49] Craig Calfee: No, but I'd be interested to read it. [00:29:51] Randall: Definite short Lister. Um, uh, you've come across MC Escher, of Yeah. And are there any parallels or any inspiration there? [00:30:01] Craig Calfee: Um, not very direct, I'd say. Um, [00:30:08] Who  [00:30:08] Randall: your, who your inspirations or what, what would you say your creative energy is most similar to? [00:30:14] Craig Calfee: I'd probably, I'd say say Buckminster fuller. [00:30:17] Randall: Mm, [00:30:17] Craig Calfee: Yeah. I mean, I studied his work in depth, you know, not only the geodesic dome stuff, but also his vehicles, the dime on vehicle the, yeah. So there's, there's a bunch of stuff that he was involved with that I'd say, I'm parallel with as far as my interest goes, [00:30:37] Randall: what books should I read? [00:30:39] Craig Calfee: all of them. [00:30:42] Randall: Where do I start? If I have limited [00:30:44] time  [00:30:45] Craig Calfee: Yeah. It's a tough one. He's actually really difficult to read too. His writing is not that great. I pretty much look at his, uh, his design work more than His writing [00:30:56] Randall: Okay. So who's book whose book about Buckminster fuller. Should I read? [00:31:01] Craig Calfee: good question. I'll, I'll catch up with you on that later because there's few of them that they're worth. It's worth a look. [00:31:07] Randall: awesome. Awesome. Awesome. Um, let's talk about 2001. you're a dragon fly. [00:31:15] Craig Calfee: Yeah, the dragon fly was an interesting project. It was so Greg Lamanda had asked me, like, I want an even lighter bike. He was constantly pushing on the technology. And I said, well, there are some really expensive fibers that are starting to become available, but, um, you know, this would be a $10,000 bike frame and, you know, it's only going to be a half a pound lighter. [00:31:40] And he said, well, I don't care. I just, you know, I w I need it for racing. I mean, um, you know, when, when I'm climbing Alpe d'Huez with Miguel Indurain and if he's got a lighter bike than I do, then I'm just going to give up, you know, in terms of the effort. So he needs to have that technical advantage, or at least be on the same plane. [00:32:02] So the reason why he'd spend, you know, $5,000 for a half a pound, a weight savings was pretty, pretty real. So, but it took until about 2000, 2001 after he had long retired to, um, really make that happen. So the fibers I was talking about are really high modulus fiber that was very fragile, too brittle, really for any use. [00:32:29] So we came up with a way to integrate it with, um, boron fiber. Uh, it actually was a material we found, uh, special specialty composites out of, uh, out of Rhode Island. Uh, they, uh, do this co-mingled boron and carbon fiber, uh, hybrid material, which was, um, they were looking for a use cases for it and the bicycle was one of them. [00:32:58] So, uh, we built a prototype with their material and it turned out. To be not only really light and really strong, the, the boron made it really tough. So carbon fiber has, uh, the highest stiffness to weight ratio, intention of any material you can use. boron is the highest stiffness to weight ratio in compression as a, as a fibrous material that you can integrate into a composite. So when you mix them, you now have a combination of materials, that are unbeatable. [00:33:35] Randall: Like a concrete and rebar almost, or, quite. [00:33:40] Craig Calfee: I'd say that's a good, um, for composites in general, but now we're talking about the extreme edge of, of performance, where, um, looking at the, most high performance material certain conditions, versus tension. These, these are conditions that are existing in a bicycle tube all the time. [00:34:07] So one side of the tube is compressing while the other side is intention as you twist the bike, uh, and then it reverses on the, on the pedal stroke. So it has to do both now. Carbon fiber is quite good at that, but compression it suffers. And that's why you can't go very thin wall and make it, um, withstand any kind of impact because it's, it's got a weakness in it's, um, compressive. So, uh, it's, uh, it doesn't take a break very well either. So boron on, the other hand does take a break very well, and it's incredibly high compressive strength to weight ratio and compressive stiffness to weight ratio. are two different things by the way. So when you combine those into a tube, it's pretty amazing. [00:34:57] Uh, they're just really quite expensive. So we came up with the dragon fly, um, in 2001 and it was at the time the lightest production bike yet it also had the toughness of a normal frame. And that's that's right around when the Scott came out, which was a super thin wall, large diameter, uh, carbon frame that was really fragile. [00:35:23] Um, so that was sort of a similar weight, but not nearly as tough as, uh, the dragon fly. [00:35:34] Randall: For well, to go a little bit deeper on this. So what is the nature like? What is the nature of the boron? Is it a, like, is it a molecule? Is it a filament? So you have, you have carbon filaments is the boron, um, you know, is that, are you putting it into the resin? How is it? Co-mingled. [00:35:51] Craig Calfee: It's a, it's a filament, basically a super thin wire. [00:35:56] Randall: You're essentially co-mingling it in when you're creating the tubes and then using the same resin to bond the entire structure together. [00:36:04] Craig Calfee: That's right. [00:36:05] Randall: Got it. And this, so then this is, uh, if you were to add then say like to the resin separately, it would be a compounding effect. Um, I don't know if you have, uh, mean, I assume you've done some stuff with graphene. [00:36:19] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Graphing graphing is a really great material. It does improve the toughness of composites. Uh, it's again, also very expensive to use, uh, in a whole two. Usually it's used in smaller components, uh, not so much on the whole frame, uh, and it, and it's, um, it's best, uh, uses in preventing the of cracking. [00:36:46] So it stops the micro cracking that starts with a failure mode. And that that's a great, thing. But if your laminate is too thin to begin with that, all the graphing in the world, isn't going to help you. So for really minor wax it'll help, but for anything substantial, it's going to break anyway. [00:37:08] So you have to start out with a thick enough laminate get the toughness that you're looking for. Uh, graphene is really great for highly stressed areas, which might start cracking from, uh, fatigue or just the design flaw of a stress concentration. So it's got a number of purposes. Uh, it's great for, uh, like pinch clamp areas, you know, places where the mechanical, uh, stress is so high on a, on a very localized area. [00:37:37] Um, so yeah, graphene is wonderful. We didn't get into it too much because, um, it's just, it would just, wasn't practical for our applications and how we make the frames, but, uh, some companies have started using graphene and it's, it's pretty interesting stuff. [00:37:52] Randall: We did some experimentation with it early on in our looking at it for the future. my understanding is. You know, I haven't gone too deep into like the intermolecular physics, but it's essentially like you have a piece of paper and if you start tearing the paper that tear will propagate very easily. [00:38:09] then the graphene is almost like little tiny pieces of tape. Randomly distributed, evenly distributed across the material that makes it so that that fracture can no longer propagate in that direction. And it has to change direction where it bumps into another graphene molecule and the graphing, essentially when we tested it was doubling the bond strength of the resin. [00:38:30] So in terms of pulling apart different layers of laminate, then, um, increasing the toughness of say, uh, a rim made with the exact same laminate in the exact same resin with, 1% graphene per mass of resin increasing the toughness of that rim structure by 20%. [00:38:50] Which is pretty [00:38:50] Craig Calfee: That's correct. [00:38:51] Randall: The challenges that is that it lowers the temperature, uh, the, the glass suffocation points resin. so, you know, a rim is like, you know, there are, if you're gonna put it on the back of your car, you know, that's not a normal use case when you're riding, but, you know, it's, it's something that just makes it less resilient to those towards sorts of, you know, people put on the back of the car too close to the exhaust and they melt the rim. [00:39:17] So we're having to experiment with some high temperature residents that have other issues. [00:39:22] Craig Calfee: Oh, yeah. Yeah. That's rims are a great place for graphing, just cause they're in a a place where you'll have some impacts, but yeah. Temperature management is an issue. Um, yeah, that's the high temperature residents are, are another area that, that, uh, we're experimenting in, uh, wrapping electric motor, uh, rotors with, with a high temperature resonant carbon wrap. [00:39:46] that's a whole nother area, but I'm familiar with that stuff. [00:39:49] Randall: Which we'll get into in a second, park park, that one. Cause that's a fun theme. yeah. And I'm just thinking about a rim structure. It seems like boron on the inside graphing on the outside, um, deal with high compressive forces between the spokes and then the high impact forces on the external, will  [00:40:07] Craig Calfee: the material we use is called high bore. You can look that up. H Y B O R and there they're actually coming back with new marketing efforts there. They, I think the company got sold and then, um, the new buyers are, are re revisiting how to, to spread the use of it. So might be real interested in supporting a rim project. [00:40:30] Randall: mm. Uh, to be continued offline. Um, all right. So then we've got your carbon fiber repair surface. We talked about the dragon fly. Um, it's a great segue into engineering and design philosophy. let's talk about that [00:40:47] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Um, well it's, to me, it's all about form follows function and, uh, when something works so well, functionally, it's gonna look good. That's uh, that's why trees look great just by themselves, uh, that that's, you know, coming back to the natural world, you know, that's why we have a Nautilus shell for, uh, for our logo. [00:41:12] It's the form follows function. Aspect of that just makes it look beautiful. For some reason, you look at something from nature, you don't really know why is it beautiful? Well, the reason is the way it's structured, the way it's evolved over millions of years. Has resulted in the optimum structure. So for me, as a, as a human being artificially trying to recreate stuff, that's been evolved in nature. [00:41:39] Um, I look closely at how nature does it first and then I'll apply it to whatever I'm dealing with at the moment. And so that's how I, that's how I design stuff. [00:41:50] Randall: there's a, the Nautilus shell example, like, you know, the golden ratio and the way that, really complex systems tend to evolve towards very simple, fundamental, primitives of all design [00:42:04] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Yep. Yeah. There's some basic stuff that, that seemed to apply everywhere. [00:42:10] Randall: So with your carbon fiber repair service, so you started to see some of the problems with that were emerging with these, um, large tube thin wall designs that were being used to achieve a high strength or sorry, a high stiffness to weight, but then compromising in other areas. [00:42:28] So let's talk about that. [00:42:30] Craig Calfee: Yeah, it's um, you know, designing a carbon fiber bike is actually really quite difficult. There's so much going on. There's so many, uh, things you have to deal with high stress areas that you can't really get around. there's a lot of constraints to designing a good bicycle frame. Um, and then you're dealing with the tradition of, of how people clamp things on bikes, you know, stem, clamps, and seed post clamps, and, uh, you know, th that type of mentality. [00:43:04] It's still with us with the carbon, which is carbon doesn't do well with. So a lot of companies struggle with that and they'll come up with something on paper or in their CAD model. And their finite element analysis sort of works, but, and then they go into the real world and they have to deal with real situations that they couldn't predict in the, the computer. [00:43:29] And they get a problem with, uh, you know, a minor handlebar whacking, the top tube situation, which shouldn't really cause your bike to become dangerous. But in fact, that's what happens. So you've got, um, you know, uh, weak points or vulnerabilities in these really light frame. And if you're not expected to know what the vulnerability is as an end-user and you don't know that if you wack part of the bike and in a minor way that you normally wouldn't expect to cause the frame to become a weak, then the whole design is a question. So you have to consider all these things when you decide to bike. And a lot of companies have just depended on the computer and they are finite element analysis too, to come up with shapes and designs that, uh, are inherently weak. And, um, people get pretty disappointed when they're, when the minor is to of incidents causes a crack in the frame. [00:44:37] And if they keep riding the bike, the crack gets bigger. And then one day, you know, I mean, most people decide to have it fixed before it gets to be a catastrophic but, uh, you know, it gets expensive and, uh, You know, it's, sad. Actually, another motivation for getting into the repair business was to save the reputation of carbon fiber as a frame material. [00:45:03] You know, these types of things don't happen to thin wall titanium frames. You know, a thin wall titanium frame will actually withstand a whole lot more abuse than a thin wall carbon frame. So it's just hard to make diameter thin wall titanium frames that are stiff enough and not without problems of welding, you know, the heat affected zones. [00:45:26] So carbon fiber is, is a better material because it's so much easier to join and to, to mold. But if you, you have to design it properly to, to withstand normal abuse. And if you're not going to do that, then there should at least be a repair service available to keep those bikes from going to the landfill. [00:45:45] So frequent. And so that's what we do we, we offer that and we even train people how to carbon repair service. So that's, um, that's something we've done in order to keep bikes from just getting thrown away. [00:46:01] Randall: uh, I think I've shared with you, I'm in the midst of, uh, doing, uh, uh, a pretty radical ground up design, which is way off in the future. So I'll be picking your brain on that, but it immediately makes me think of the inherent. Compromises of current frame design and manufacturing techniques, including on our frame. [00:46:20] And in our case, the way we've addressed that is through not going with lower modulates carbon, you know, S T 700, maybe some T 800 in the frame, then overbuilding it order to have resiliency against impacts. But then also these sorts of, um, micro voids in other imperfections that are in inherent process of any, uh, manufacturing, uh, system that involves handling of materials in a complex, you know, eight, uh, sorry, 250 a piece, you know, layup like there's, this there's even that like human elements that you have to design a whole bunch of fudge factor into to make sure that when mistakes are made, not if, but when mistakes are made, that there's so much, uh, overbuilding that they don't end up in a catastrophic failure. [00:47:10] Craig Calfee: that's right. Yeah. Yeah. You have to have some safety margin. [00:47:15] Randall: And the Manderal spinning process that you were describing essentially eliminates a lot of that in you're starting to see, I mean, with rims, that's the direction that rims are going in, everything is going to be automated, is going to be knit like a sock and frames are a much more complex shape. Um, but you're starting to see, uh, actually probably know a lot more about the, the automation of frame design than I do. [00:47:35] Um, what do you see? Like as the, as the end point, at least with regards to the, um, like filament based carbon fiber material and frames, like where could it go with technology? [00:47:50] Craig Calfee: the, the, um, robotics are getting super advanced now and there's this technique called, um, uh, they just call it fiber placements or automated fiber placement, which is a fancy word for a robot arm, winding fiber, you know, on a mandrel or shape, uh, and then compressing that and, uh, know, molding that. [00:48:14] So it's, it's where your, a robot will orient a single filament of carbon fiber. Uh, continuously all around the, uh, the shape that you're trying to make. They do that in aerospace now for a really expensive rockets and satellite parts, but the technology is getting more accessible and, uh, so robotic trimmers are another one. [00:48:42] So we're, in fact, we're getting ready to build our own robotic arm tremor for a resin transfer, molded parts. That's where the edge of the part that you mold gets trimmed very carefully with a router. And, but imagine instead of just a router trimming an edge, you've got a robot arm with a spool of fiber on it, wrapping the fiber individually around the whole structure of the frame. [00:49:10] Uh, no, no people involved just, you know, someone to turn the machine on and then turn it off again. So that's kind of coming that that is a future. Uh, it hasn't arrived yet, certainly, maybe for simpler parts, but a frame is a very complex shape. So it'll take a while before they can get to that point. [00:49:30] Randall: It having to, yeah. Being able to Uh, spin a frame in one piece is, seems to be the ultimate end game. [00:49:43] Craig Calfee: Yeah. I think we need to, I think the, the, uh, genetically modified spiders would be a better way to [00:49:50] go  [00:49:50] Randall: Yeah, they might, they might help us the design process. [00:49:56] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Yeah. Just give them some good incentives and they'll, they'll make you set a really incredibly strong, you know, spider wound. [00:50:05] Randall: Well, it does. It speaks to the, the, the biggest challenge I see with that, which is you have to go around shape. so if you're going through a frame, like it's essentially the triangle. And so you need some way to like hand off the, the S the filament carrier from one side to the other constantly. [00:50:27] you'd just be able to spin it. You know, it would be pretty straightforward. So maybe the frame comes in a couple of different sections that get bonded, but then those don't form a ring. And so you can, you know, you can move them around instead of the machine order [00:50:41] Craig Calfee: Well, there's these things called grippers. So the robot grip sit and then another arm grip know let's go and the other arm picks it up. And then there's like in weaving, there's this thing called the flying shuttle, which invented. That's where the shuttle that, the war [00:50:59] Randall: Your ancestors were involved with flying shuttle. [00:51:02] Craig Calfee: Yeah. [00:51:02] Randall: That's one of the, uh, all right. That's, that's a whole other conversation. [00:51:07] Craig Calfee: Yeah, a really interesting, I mean, it's the Draper corporation. If you want to look it up, [00:51:13] um  [00:51:13] Randall: I  [00:51:13] Craig Calfee: know [00:51:14] they were the manufacturing made the looms back in the industrial revolution in the Northeast [00:51:21] Randall: I'm sitting currently in Waltham, which was one of the first mill cities, um, not from Lowell. [00:51:28] Craig Calfee: Yeah. So all those mills were where our customers and they would buy the Draper looms. Um, and they were automated looms with a flying shuttle was a big deal Uh back then. And so they, they made a lot of, of those looms and, and that's basically what sent me to college with a trust fund. So [00:51:49] Randall: You're a trust fund, baby. [00:51:51] Craig Calfee: Yep. [00:51:51] Yep [00:51:53] From vendors. [00:51:55] Uh [00:51:56] but that's yeah, that's the world I, I came out of. And, so the, the idea of taking a spool of material and handing it off as you wrap around something is really not that difficult. [00:52:08] Randall: Okay. So then you can do it in a way that is resilient to probably 10,000 handoffs over the course of weaving a frame and you can expect that it's not going to fail once. [00:52:19] Craig Calfee: That's right Yeah [00:52:20] It  [00:52:20] Randall: All then that, that's [00:52:22] Craig Calfee: the hard part, the hard part is dealing with the resin and the, and the, uh, forming and the getting a nice surface finish. That was where the harder. [00:52:31] Randall: Yeah. And, uh, uh, I'm thinking about, uh, space X's attempts to create a giant, uh, carbon fiber, uh, fuel tank. And they actually had to do the, um, the heating the resin at the point of, uh, depositing of the filaments. [00:52:52] And [00:52:52] you know, that's a really challenging process because you can't build an autoclave big enough to contain a fuel tank for a giant rocket bicycles don't have that issue, but [00:53:01] Craig Calfee: right. Yeah. The filament winding technique, which is how all those tanks are made is, is pretty amazing in the large scale of those, those big rockets is phenomenal. I mean, a couple of places in Utah that make those, and it's just seeing such a large things spinning and, uh, wrapping around it rapidly is quite inspiring. [00:53:26] Randall: Yeah. It's very, very cool stuff. And that's, again, a whole another thread about the, uh, the Utah based, uh, composites industry that got its start in aerospace, you know, advanced aerospace applications, which NV and others came out of. They used to be edge which you worked with. NBU designed their tubes early on. [00:53:43] Right. [00:53:44] Craig Calfee: W well, yeah, the poles history behind envy and quality composites back in late eighties, literally, uh, when I first came out to, uh, actually I was still, think I ordered them in Massachusetts and took delivery in California, but it was a quality composites and out of Utah, uh, Nancy Polish was the owner of that. [00:54:06] Also an MIT graduate who, um, who started a roll wrapping carbon fiber in tubular forum. And I'm pretty sure we were the first roll wrapped carbon tubes, uh, for bicycles that she made. And, um Uh, evolved to, uh, edge composites. So they, so quality composites became McClain quality composites, and then McLean, the guys who broke away from that went to start envy or edge, I guess, which became envy. [00:54:40] So yeah, those same guys brought that technology and we've been the customer ever since. And now there's yet another spinoff. The guys who were making the tubes at envy spun off and started their own company, uh, in a cooperative venture with envy. So let them go basically. And, uh, we're working with those guys. [00:55:01] So it's just following the, the top level of expertise. [00:55:06] Randall: very interesting stuff. Um, so, so where else do we go in terms of the, I mean, this is about as deep a composite deep nerdery, as we can get in, into composites and so on. And, uh, given that we're already here, we might as just, you know, dig ourselves deeper. [00:55:25] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Um, sir, just on the roll wrapping, the thing that, um, I remember one of the cool innovations that Nancy came up with was the double D section, um, tube where she would roll wrap two D shaped tubes, stick them together and do an outer wrap on the outside. So it was a efficient way to do a ribbed tube or a single ribs through the middle. She pretty much invented.  [00:55:53] Uh, we started doing something with that, um, change days, uh, to get more stiffness out of a change day. But, um, I just, some reason that image flashed in my mind about some of the innovative stuff that been going on that people don't really see it's. And that's what I'm saying before where the, uh, technology of composites has, um it's got a long way to go and it's, there's all kinds of stuff going on that are, are, is brand new. [00:56:23] Uh, most people people don't see it cause it's all process oriented more than product oriented. But for guys like me, it's really fast. [00:56:34] Randall: Yeah, it reminds me of, um, a technology owned by a Taiwanese carbon frame manufacturing, pretty large-scale tier one that I'd spoken to where they're doing, uh, that bracing inside of the forks. don't think they're doing anything especially advanced in terms of how it's manufactured. [00:56:54] I think they just have a, uh, the, the inner, um, you know, whether it's a bag or it's a, you know, EPS insert. And then they're just bridging, uh, between the two walls of the, uh, of the tube of the, the fork leg, uh, with another piece of carbon that gives it more lateral structure zero, uh, impact on the, um, for AFT compliance, which is a really technique. [00:57:21] Craig Calfee: that sounds like Steve Lee at [00:57:24] Randall: Uh, this was YMA. [00:57:27] Craig Calfee: Oh, okay. [00:57:28] Randall: Yeah, the gigantic folks. I haven't, I don't know if I've interacted with them yet, but, um, but yeah, well, [00:57:35] Craig Calfee: Yeah, some amazing innovation coming out of Taiwan. They're there. They're so deep into it. It's, it's a fun place to go and, and see what they're up to. [00:57:47] Randall: this actually brings me back to, um, I, I did had a conversation with over with Russ at path, less pedaled, and was asking like, you know, tell me about the quality of stuff made, made over in Asia. And I was like, well, you know, it's generally best to work with their production engineers because they're so close to the actual manufacturing techniques and they're the ones innovating on those techniques. [00:58:10] And in fact, um, you know, even specialized up until recently did not do carbon fiber in. outsource that, you know, they, they do some of the work in house, but then the actual design for manufacture and all that is being done by the factories and rightfully so the factories know it better, being close to the ground though, dealing with someone with yourself, you're someone who could go into a factory and be like, okay, let's, let's innovate on this. [00:58:35] Craig Calfee: Yeah.  [00:58:36] Yeah.  [00:58:37] Randall: so then 2011, um, first production, gravel bike. [00:58:45] Craig Calfee: Uh, yeah. Yeah. We came up with the, uh, adventure bike, we call it, um, it was also the first one that did the, uh, six 50 B uh, tire size that can be used with a 700 by 42 or So mixing, know, going bigger tire on a slightly smaller rim on the same bike as you'd run a 700 C and, uh, 35 or 40 millimeter tire. Um, yeah, so the adventure bike has been. Uh, a real fun area for us as far as, uh, just developing a, do everything. Be everything, bike [00:59:24] Randall: it's. And the geometry of that was kind of an endurance road geometry, right [00:59:28] Craig Calfee: that's [00:59:29] right. It's a road bike effectively, but with a few, a few, uh, tweaks for riding off road. [00:59:36] Randall: So then this, this word, gravel bike is kind of muddled. [00:59:39] Um, I never liked it, frankly. Uh, it's a marketing term. I remember it specialized when we were doing the, the diverse, um, you know, it was still kind of honing in on what these bikes were. Uh, but you could argue that like, you know, you know, everyone's road bike was a gravel bike. When you just put the biggest tires that would fit and write it on dirt. [00:59:57] But this concept of a one bike, it seems to be what you've planted. But you can have a single bike that will be your road, bike, perform handle, give you that, that experience when you put road wheels on, but then you can put these big six fifties on there and have a, you know, an off-road crit machine that is highly competent in, in rough terrain. [01:00:16] And so, so yeah, that, and that's very much my design philosophy as you know, as well, you know, fewer bikes that do more things. [01:00:24] Craig Calfee: Yeah. We have this. Kind of a marketing phrase for, you know, how the end plus one concept where, you know, how many bikes do you even need? Well, one more than what you've got. Well, we do the N minus one concept with our mountain bike, which can also be a gravel by ache or a bike, but it's, uh, it allows you to change the head tube angle and, and use different, uh, fork travel suspension forks on, on the same frame. [01:00:55] Uh, and of course, swapping wheels out is, is always a thing. So yeah, the end minus one concept where we just need less stuff, you know, [01:01:04] Randall: So I reinvented that when I started thesis, he used to say like, and, minus three, it replaces road, bike, your gravel bike, your road, bike, your cross bike, your, um, light duty cross country bike, uh, your adventure bike actually as well, you know, load these things up. yeah, very much a philosophy that, uh, I think it's so good that the, its efforts to come up with new, subcategories, for example, by having gravel bikes now run oversize 700 wheels and extending the geo and going with these really slack head angles in order to accommodate that wheel size. [01:01:40] I actually think that the form, the form that things want to evolve towards is actually what you created in the first place, which is the one bike that does all the things and does them well. And depending on the wheels you put on them, um, we'll do we'll, we'll transform. Uh, and you know, we've, we've talked a little bit about geo changing, um, You know, and things like this, which you have a bike that, that does that. [01:02:03] And why don't we talk a bit about that in the technology behind it? [01:02:08] Craig Calfee: The SFL, you mean we use the geometry of the head tube and the bottom bracket to, uh, to accommodate what you're using it for? Yeah, the concept there is to, if you're on a long ride to be able to change the geometry of your bike mid ride. So with an Allen wrench, you, uh, basically swap these flip plates out on your head to varia. [01:02:32] And so you climb, you can climb with one geometry with another. And to me, that's, that's really fun because the climbing, you, if you're climbing up a a long steep climb on a bike that you're going to descend back down on, uh, you really don't want the same geometry it's, you're compromising and one or the other, either climate. [01:02:55] Or it descends great. It's rarely both, or really can't possibly be both. Cause they're just doing two different things. So if you can swap out these flip plates and change the head tube angle, which is really all you need at that point, um, you have a bike that climbs great and descends. Great. So for me, that was the goal of, uh, just making a better mountain bike. Um, you know, the fact that it can be converted into other bikes for different disciplines is a whole nother angle. Uh, and you can even do that perhaps you wouldn't do it the trail, but let's say you show up, say you're on a trip, an adventure, uh, maybe out to Utah, for example, where you're riding slick rock, but you're also going to go up, you know, into the mountains. [01:03:45] Um, you'll have you, you might want to have. Different fork travels or different for, uh, options. So you can bring a couple of different forks and swap out a fork, change your flip plates and have a bike. That's awesome for slick rock. And then another one that's awesome for, for the bike parks. So, you know, to me it would, but it's only one bike and you know, you don't need, you know, three bikes. So that, that just, uh, that's the design result of a bike where you can change the head tube angle on, [01:04:21] Randall: and the, in really how much head tube angle adjustment is there on there. [01:04:25] Craig Calfee: uh, it's a or minus four degrees [01:04:28] Randall: that's, that's substantial. [01:04:30] Craig Calfee: that's a lot. [01:04:31] Randall: Yeah. [01:04:31] I mean, that's transformative really. I work in increments of, you know, half a degree.  [01:04:36] Craig Calfee: Yeah. These are half degree increments, um, right now, uh, one degree, but we can easily do half degree increments. find that one degree is, is really. Um, especially when you have the option of, of tweaking the same bike. So reason we focus on these half degree increments on a production bike is to dial in the best compromise between two, two ways that it's going to be used when you don't need to compromise, you can go a full degree in the other direction and not worry about fact that it's not going to perform as well, know, in super steep terrain because that flipped chip is not, uh, the right one for the super steep scenario. [01:05:22] Just change it out or flip it over a T when you approach the really steep stuff. So yeah. [01:05:29] Randall: applicable for mountain bikes, particularly because the, I mean, the slack, the long slack that, that have emerged in recent years make a ton of sense for mountain biking, especially descending, but when you're ascending, it ends up being so slack that you get wheel flop, you get the front end, lifting the bike naturally wants to tilt back. [01:05:49] You don't have that on a gravel bike currently. And if you don't, if you're not adding a huge suspension fork, you're never going to be descending terrain that is so technical that you need those slacked out angles. So it sounds like something that's very much could be applied to gravel bikes, but that, you know, for the mountain bike application is actually pretty game-changing. [01:06:06] Craig Calfee: Yeah, well on gravel bikes or adventure bikes, um, uh, it's actually helpful if you're, if you're, let's say you're a roadie and you're starting to go off road. And so you're driving these gravel trails and then you're starting to get into more interesting off-road excursions with that same bike, but your experience on steep terrain is limited because you're, you know, you're a roadie, you've your, all your muscle memory and all your bike handling memory comes from the road and a little bit of dirt road stuff. [01:06:39] Now you're kind of getting into serious off-road stuff and you want to try. a Uh, shortcut dissent, uh, you know, down something kind of crazy. Uh, let's say, uh, you're not very good at it in the beginning and you take your time and you, you don't have a bike that can go that fast down, such a trail, then you change it out. [01:07:00] As you get better at it, as you increase your skill level and your confidence level, might want to go a little faster. So you a bike that can go a little faster safely and go for that slack head angle, which is designed to get higher speed. So it's great for evolving skills and evolving terrain as you start exploring more radical stuff. [01:07:27] So that's the other reason to do it. [01:07:29] Randall: Yeah, that makes, that makes a lot of sense. And in fact, any, you know, what I'm working on going forward very much as a, uh, one of the core, you know, is, uh, being able to tailor the geometry, um, as close to on the fly as possible. Uh, you know, if you want it to be on the fly, you're going to add a huge amount of added structure and complexity and weight, but having it be when you swap the wheels, there's very little to do, you know, this sort of thing. [01:07:57] Craig Calfee: Yeah. So yeah, the whole idea is to, is to be able to go and have really fun adventures after all I wrote the book on adventures, see, here's, uh, this is a, this is the commercial part of our, our, uh, [01:08:10] plug [01:08:12] is, uh, this book I wrote about a trip. I took back in the, in the mid early eighties. Uh it's it's a kind of a. [01:08:20] Randall: of a  [01:08:21] Craig Calfee: It has nothing to do with bikes, except that there is a section in there where I made a canteen out of bamboo in the Congo, but it's a pretty crazy trip. And, uh, and I just called it adventures. It's on amp. anyone wants to buy it. [01:08:37] Randall: I will get a coffee. [01:08:39] Craig Calfee: Yeah. [01:08:42] Randall: Um, very, very cool. Um, we skipped over one, which is the manta, which is another interesting innovation [01:08:51] Craig Calfee: Yeah. Suspension on a road bike. I mean, that's a, I keep saying that's going to be the future and it hasn't happened yet, but I, I still believe that road bikes will be the main type of bike being written in the highest levels of racing. [01:09:08] interesting  [01:09:08] Randall: So you think suspension versus say. Um, wide tubeless, aerodynamic, the optimized rims with a 30 mil tire run at lower pressures. You think the suspension has a sufficient benefit relative to that, to offset say the structural complexity or weight? [01:09:25] Craig Calfee: Yes. So, uh, the big tire thing, trend towards bigger tires is really a trend towards suspension. It's pneumatic suspension rather than mechanical suspension. [01:09:39] Randall: Well, as our regular listeners know, this is a topic that's very much near and dear to my heart. I talk often about the benefits of pneumatic suspension, so this will be an interesting place for us to st

Ford Mustang The First Generation, The Early Years Podcast
The best darn headlights for classic cars, Bangin' Headlights product review and story

Ford Mustang The First Generation, The Early Years Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 10, 2022 39:09


Ford Mustang, The Early Years Podcast -- Guest Interview Application============Do you own a early year Mustang?: yesIf you own a Mustang, how long have you owned your ride?: 9 yearsWhat do you do for a living?: Maker of the best damn headlights for classic cars!If you own a Mustang or classic car, have you named your car? If so, what is his/her name?:No, could never think of a suitable name, I just say "My Baby" :)Are you a supplier of products to Mustang and Classic Car enthusiasts?: yesIf you've made improvements to your classic car or restored it, what work have you done?:Initially restored to stock to have it registered for the first time in Australia. Many continuous upgrades and parts restored over the years. Suspension, brakes, power steering, electrical, ignition, interior....What plans do you have for improvements/restoration/modification of your classic car?: Big plans - front suspension & brakes! Connect with George:Instagram: @banginheadlights https://www.instagram.com/banginheadlights/ Cover Photo Credit: Bangin' Headlights https://www.instagram.com/banginheadlights/ DISCOUNT Promo for Bangin' Headlights - www.TheMustangPodcast.com/headlights Ford Mustang The Early Years Podcast (social media)The Facebook GroupTheMustangPodcast.com/facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/groups/185146876036328Instagram@mustangpodcasthttps://www.instagram.com/mustangpodcast/An Expert's Guide to Maintaining Your Classic Mustangwww.TheMustangPodcast.com/repair Keep it safe, keep it rollin' and keep it on the road. Until next time! ~Doug Sandler

Let’s Talk Dubs
Ep 156 Charles Adams Atomwerks

Let’s Talk Dubs

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 8, 2022 88:24


Suspension is a very touchy subject. There are many different schools of thought. Charles Adams with KiniTech is man behind the Atomwrek. They make rear raise & lower plates that are fully adjustable.  New spring plates that allow you to raise & lower your car without compromising the ride. Their roller bearing retainers stop wheel hop & help your hi-po VW hook up. We discuss his history & how he uses his engineering knowledge to make better performing suspension parts. We also talk about his hydro HAT suspension. Check out their site here. https://atomwerk.org

Locked On Rockets - Daily Podcast On The Houston Rockets
Rockets Beat Wizards Off Kevin Porter Jr. GAME WINNER In His First Game Back From Suspension

Locked On Rockets - Daily Podcast On The Houston Rockets

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 6, 2022 43:58


Host Jackson Gatlin (@JTGatlin) is joined by Roosh Williams (@RooshWilliams) to discuss the Rockets 114-111 win against the Washington Wizards off of Kevin Porter Jr.'s GAME WINNING shot in his first game back from being suspended. KPJ's clutch play down the stretch despite a rough-ish overall game, how big this moment is for KPJ, Stephen Silas and the rest of the team, Christian Wood bouncing back with 22/11, Jalen Green learning to be more decisive in how he attacks defenses, Garrison Mathews takes THREE charges and now leads the team in that category and more. #Rockets #NBA #Basketball Check out Roosh Williams on “Rockets with Roosh” on YouTube as well as the “Noble & Roosh Show” wherever you get your podcasts. Subscribe to the Locked On Rockets YouTube Channel: Locked On Rockets Follow/Subscribe/Listen Anywhere: linktr.ee/LockedOnRockets & linktr.ee/LockedOnNBA Download & Follow JTGatlin on Spotify Greenroom If your business wants to advertise on Locked On Rockets, DM Jackson on Twitter or email JacksonTGatlin@gmail.com Support Us By Supporting Our Sponsors! | Offers: lockedonpodcasts.com/offers Built Bar -- Built Bar is a protein bar that tastes like a candy bar. Go to built.com and use promo code “LOCKED15” and you'll get 15% off your next order.   BetOnline AG -- There is only 1 place that has you covered and 1 place we trust. Betonline.ag! Sign up today for a free account at betonline.ag and use that promocode: LOCKEDON for your 50% welcome bonus.   PrizePicks -- Don't hesitate, check out PrizePicks.com and use promo code: “NBA” or go to your app store and download the app today. PrizePicks is daily fantasy made easy!   TrueBill -- Don't fall for subscription scams. Start cancelling today at Truebill.com/LOCKEDONNBA.   Shopify -- Go to SHOPIFY.com/lockedonnba for a FREE fourteen-day trial and get full access to Shopify's entire suite of features. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

San Antonio Podcast Network
SA Talk #29 | Noise Ordinance Task Force, The Missing Lina Khil, & Another Strange SAPD Officer Suspension

San Antonio Podcast Network

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 3, 2022 39:00


On this week's episode of SA Talk, hosts Zach and Erika discuss: What's the whole deal with this new "Noise Ordinance Task Force"? The Search continues for the missing 3-year old, Lina Khil An SAPD officer gets suspended for what?! --> Remember to vote us Best Podcast For The MySA Readers Choice Awards: https://t.co/BaPplL5i0E Local Recommendation Of The Week (By Erika): Hometown Burger --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/sapodnetwork/support

The Dean Blundell Show
600. WJHC Have Been Cancelled, Bondzee Drunk Texted Allie Marz, Twitter Account Suspension Spree, Joe Rogan Cancels Vancouver Show Over Vaccine Mandates

The Dean Blundell Show

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 29, 2021 114:46


#Bondzee drunk texted Allie Marz last night and we have the texts. #WJHC have been canceled and Dean has the answer to getting out of this COVID/OMICRON mess #Drake gave out fat stacks to other rich people at Christmas and the video is pathetic. #Deans Major Covid announcement, taking a HARDLINE to vaccinated people #Twitter is on account suspension spree and banning some big time people  #JoeRogan cancels his sold out Vancouver show over vaccine mandates  See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Proxi-Jeux
[XP] La suspension consentie de l’incrédulité

Proxi-Jeux

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 27, 2021 126:58


Dans ce nouvel épisode, la Proxi-Team vous propose le dénouement de leurs mésaventures dans l’univers d’Alien et une discussions sur […]

THE SPORTS COMA with Big Q & The Guys
TSC: Saints Place Jordan on C19 List, Lose Harris to Suspension

THE SPORTS COMA with Big Q & The Guys

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 26, 2021 61:45


Big Q covers the New Orleans Saints latest news & notes. In this edition we cover;- Saints Place Jordan on Covid List, Lose Harris to Suspension - Saints are not entirely out of the playoff picture - Saints open as 5.5-point road favorites over Jets - & more..GET YOUR #2TEAMJAMEIS GEAR TODAY! SUPPORT OUR QB NOW! https://tinyurl.com/teamjameisgearTodays stream is entitled: Saints Place Jordan on Covid List, Lose Harris to Suspension Please subscribe, like & share the shows link!**********************************************************************❤️ GET THE MERCH NOW & SUPPORT THE PLATFORM WHO DAT BABY! ❤️ FB SHOP: https://tinyurl.com/FBProshop❤️PRO SHOP 1 https://tinyurl.com/theproshops1❤️ PRO SHOP 2: https://tinyurl.com/theproshops2**********************************************************************

Scouting The Refs Podcast
The Airing of Grievances

Scouting The Refs Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 23, 2021 24:33


Let the Airing of Grievances commence! Four games for Connolly, none for Lauzon; Todd and Josh break down the hits. No call on Eriksson Ek's injury, Lizotte's abuse of officials, Binnington gets called for flipping his lid, and an OT GWG where the puck never went in. Visit www.scoutingtherefs.com and follow @scoutingtherefs and @toddlewissports.  Email us your questions - heyref@scoutingtherefs.com.    The Scouting the Refs Podcast is sponsored by Manscaped - use code REFS for 20% off and free shipping at Manscaped.com: the right tools for the job.

The Every Day Novelist
Feedback on Suspension of Disbelief

The Every Day Novelist

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 22, 2021 4:56


Nichole has feedback on the Suspension of Disbelief episode. Best Science Fiction Stories of Clifford D. Simak Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency by Douglas Adams The Complete Stories of Isaac Asimov The Adventures of the Stainless Steel Rat by Harry Harrison Soylent … The post Feedback on Suspension of Disbelief appeared first on The Every Day Novelist.

The John Batchelor Show
The global recovery said to pull back in 2022. Liz Peek @TheHill

The John Batchelor Show

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 22, 2021 12:27


Photo:  The balance of credit   An eagle holds in his beak the beam of a pair of scales; Lord North, in profile to the left., and looking through his spy-glass, stands below, adding a document to the left. and lighter scale; the right. scale rests on the ground (or ocean) within an area inscribed 'The South Sea'. The l. beam of the scale is inscribed "1772", the right. beam "1720". On Lord North's l. scale, that of 1772, are documents inscribed 2Reduct. of Navy"; "Secret Com."; "Select Com."; North is adding one inscribed "Suspension of Supervision". The r. scale (empty) is inscribed "India Stock 00001". This is to show that the national credit in 1772 is even lower than at the time of the South Sea Bubble in 1720. The global recovery said to pull back in 2022. Liz Peek @TheHill  https://www.cnbc.com/2021/12/20/goldman-cuts-gdp-forecast-after-sen-manchin-says-he-wont-support-bidens-build-back-better-plan-.html

Sports Day Tampa Bay
Bucs Chris Godwin Out For Season, Antonio Brown Returns From Suspension & Tom Brady Makes 15th Pro Bowl

Sports Day Tampa Bay

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 21, 2021 35:50


Rick Stroud and Steve Versnick on the news that Buccaneers wide receiver Chris Godwin is out for the season with a torn ACL, if the hit was dirty, how Antonio Brown's return impacts their postseason chances, why Bruce Arians changed his mind on Brown, Tom Brady makes 15th Pro Bowl and Brayden Point is close to returning for the Lightning. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

Car Chat
#123 Tusco Cavalli | Officine Fioravanti - Building The Perfect Testarossa

Car Chat

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 20, 2021 120:13


Tusco Cavalli is the founder of Officine Fioravanti and the man responsible for their Ferrari Testarossa restomod. A complete ground up re-look at the Testarossa.Watch the video here: https://youtu.be/xH_yQ-l96mw https://www.instagram.com/officinefioravanti/https://officinefioravanti.com/testarossa-officine-fioravanti/Enjoy, Sam Show Notes:00:00 - Intro05:44 - The Officine Fiovaranti Testarossa19:23 - Suspension and Geometry Changes28:24 - Interior Changes40:37 - Audio Changes44:31 - Engine Changes59:21 - Bodywork Improvements1:08:05 - 5 (Extended) QuestionsThe Market By Bonhams Online Classic & Collector Car AuctionsElev8 Finance Prestige Automotive Funding SpecialistsManscaped Use code "CarChat" at checkout for 20% off and free shipping

Parallel Quest
The One We've Been Waiting For | REVIEW The Wheel of Time S1E7

Parallel Quest

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 20, 2021 32:56


EPISODE CONTAINS SPOILERSSeason 1 of The Wheel of Time has reached its penultimate episode, and it is one that has been worth the wait. We begin to see storylines come to satisfying milestones, even though there are some that still have issues. Episode 7 is not perfect but it does a lot more good than bad, and puts the show in a much stronger place then it was a few weeks ago. Cody and Zach enjoyed it and look forward to the final episode next week. Check out the chapters below to see the topics discussed.Watch the Show on YouTubeBuy Zach's newest book, Something Strange at Grandma's House: https://www.steellakestudio.com/booksSign up for our E-MAIL LIST: https://www.steellakestudio.com/emailTIMESTAMPS0:00 Welcome0:30 Suspension of Disbelief & General Impressions4:30 The Opening: Good, Bad, or Awkward?7:00 A Potential Improvement9:30 Starting in the Ways… Good Enough12:00 How to Critique Mat12:50 Perrin: What's Going On? (The Love Triangle)15:45 Different Perspectives on Rand Vs. Perrin20:20 Different Perspective on Lan & Nynaeve27:00 The Dragon Reborn30:20 Conclusion and ScoreThank you so much for checking out Parallel Quest. This is a production of Steel Lake Studio. We don't just have one podcast though, we are a team of storytellers trying to use a variety of different mediums to tell stories that we have been working on our whole lives. If you would like to check out more of what we do, check out https://www.steellakestudio.com/I you enjoy the show and would like to SUPPORT the show, you can do so on Patreon:https://www.patreon.com/steellakestudioIf you REALLY like the show, consider rocking some Parallel Quest themed MERCHANDISE:https://www.steellakestudio.com/merch

2 on 1 Podcast
Episode 201 - We Talked About Spiderman

2 on 1 Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 19, 2021 70:16


In this episode, we talk about the game postponements across the league, Paul Maurice resigns as head coach of the Jets and the league reduces Jason Spezza's Suspension! Plus we give our review on Spider-Man: No Way Home! Check out our TikTok page: @2on1podcast Check out the YouTube Page: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCn9otUkSRUIVpqs7iRdJlUQ Follow us on Twitter: @2on1Podcast, @alexhanimyan, @AdamFlouje31, @thedanmikemike Follow us on Instagram: @2on1podcast, @alexhanimyan, @adam.floujeh, @thedanmikemikemikemikemikemike Subscribe to us on iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/2-on-1-podcast/id1475511723 Make sure to head over to Stamps.com and click the microphone at the top of the page! Use code POD for your discount!

Back to Excited Hockey Podcast
Episode 161 - COVID Cancellations, Paul Maurice Resigns, Spezza Suspension Appeal

Back to Excited Hockey Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 19, 2021 32:04


Today we discuss: The COVID cancellations sweeping the NHL [0:57] Paul Maurice resigning as the Jets head coach [9:37] Jason Spezza's suspension getting reduced from 6 games to 4 [18:46] The general state of the Leafs recently, and their play without Mitch Marner [20:49]

OverDrive
LeBrun on the NHL's Covid situation, Spezza's reduced suspension & Paul Maurice resigning as Jets Head Coach

OverDrive

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 17, 2021 17:20


TSN Hockey Insider Pierre LeBrun joined OverDrive earlier today and got into a number of things that came out from across the NHL today. He touched on the postponements and Covid numbers across the NHL, Jason Spezza having his suspension reduced & on Paul Maurice stepping down as Head Coach of the Winnipeg Jets.

Leafs Lunch
Johnston on Paul Maurice Resigning as Jets Head Coach, Spezza's Suspension Reduction

Leafs Lunch

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 17, 2021 20:06


TSN Hockey Insider Chris Johnston joined Julia Tocheri and Al's Brother joined Leafs Lunch to react on Paul Maurice's surprise resignation, discuss how everything is on the table in the NHLs respond to the recent COVID uptick, the latest on Jason Spezza's suspension being reduced from six to four games, the Canucks turn-around under Bruce Boudreau and what his biggest surprise has been through the first quarter of this NHL season.

Scouting The Refs Podcast
Goal, No Goal, No Wait... Goal.

Scouting The Refs Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 17, 2021 22:00


It's a goal. No it's not.  Yes it is, only... too late.  Reviewing the review at Rangers/Sabres, ref injuries, Spezza paroled, offside rules, water bottle shenanigans, and more Coach's Challenges.  Visit www.scoutingtherefs.com and follow @scoutingtherefs and @toddlewissports.  Email us your questions - heyref@scoutingtherefs.com.    The Scouting the Refs Podcast is sponsored by Manscaped - use code REFS for 20% off and free shipping at Manscaped.com: the right tools for the job.

Aeos Clubhouse: The Pokémon UNITE Podcast
Episode 22: Suspension Breaks

Aeos Clubhouse: The Pokémon UNITE Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 16, 2021 89:34


Everything is HAPPENING! The Tzareena patch brought with it a huge holiday event, new mode, skins, and even a surprise stealth patch. Kyle, Kiyeberries, and Mochrie are here to process the plant and explain the brief bugs that have since been snuffed out. Staying focused is key here—we have a lot to talk about. Enjoy!

The Dan O'Donnell Show
An Extremely Revealing YouTube Suspension

The Dan O'Donnell Show

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 15, 2021 70:28


La del día, por Pamela Cerdeira
La del día 15 Diciembre 2021

La del día, por Pamela Cerdeira

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 15, 2021 2:02


Suprema corte otorgó la suspensión parcial al decretazo de AMLO ⚖️, Va X México buscara su primer triunfo estatal en las elecciones 2022

Black and White Sports Podcast
Bruce Arians said this about Antonio Brown's future as suspension for FAKE VAX CARD is ending!

Black and White Sports Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 14, 2021 8:09


Bruce Arians said this about Antonio Brown's future as suspension for FAKE VAX CARD is ending! Website: www.blackandwhitenetwork.com Get your MERCH here: https://teespring.com/stores/blackandwhitesports Follow Black and White Network on Odysee: Black and White Sports: https://odysee.com/@blackandwhitesports Black and White News: https://odysee.com/@blackandwhitenews Black and White Entertainment: https://odysee.com/@blackandwhiteentertainment Follow us on Rumble: Black and White Sports: https://rumble.com/user/BlackandWhiteSports Black and White News: https://rumble.com/user/BlackandWhiteNews Email: blackandwhitesports2019@gmail.com Check out the podcast site here for all of the live streams: https://anchor.fm/blackandwhitesports Please support Black and White Sports for as low as .99 per month here: https://anchor.fm/blackandwhitesports/support Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/blackandwhitesports Join us and become a channel member today as we fight against Woke sports. Click the JOIN button or the link in the description and support us. Just starts at $4.99 per month and cancel anytime. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC73b_bf7j4fgTnBNRTqKKTA/join Check Out blackandwhitenetwork.com for More Exclusive Content from Us. Entertainment, Politics, Sports! 3 Membership levels Available As Well As Free Video Content & Articles!

Journal de l'Afrique
Tunisie : la suspension du Parlement prolongée, nouvelles élections en décembre 2022

Journal de l'Afrique

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 13, 2021 14:07


Le président tunisien Kais Saied a prolongé lundi la suspension du Parlement, qu'il a décidée en juillet, jusqu'à la tenue de nouvelles élections législatives le 17 décembre 2022. Dans un discours à la nation, M. Saied a aussi annoncé l'organisation à partir du 1er janvier d'une série de "consultations" populaires portant notamment sur des amendements constitutionnels et électoraux qui seront ensuite soumis à référendum le 25 juillet 2022.

Scouting The Refs Podcast
The Knights Who Say 'Knee'

Scouting The Refs Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 10, 2021 24:15


Ni! Or is it Knee!? Flashbacks of Monty Python this week as it's all about the knee! Spezza and Pionk suspended, Cole picks up a fine, Barone makes his AHL debut, Hawks score on no whistle, Trouba hits hard, and Foligno leaves the bench to fight... or does he?  Visit www.scoutingtherefs.com and follow @scoutingtherefs and @toddlewissports.  Email us your questions - heyref@scoutingtherefs.com.    The Scouting the Refs Podcast is sponsored by Manscaped - use code REFS for 20% off and free shipping at Manscaped.com: the right tools for the job.

Polaris RideReady Podcast
BONUS! Snow Suspension

Polaris RideReady Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 9, 2021 13:06


It's a bonus episode! This is a follow up episode to our deep dive on snowmobile suspension adjustment. In this episode we catch up with Team Polaris athletes Dan Adams, Gabrielle Hockley, Chris Burandt, and Levi LeVallee at the Polaris Spring Sales Meeting in Texas. We get the insight from these pros on the importance of setting up your suspension and some tips to follow to get the most out of your Polaris Snowmobile.  Follow Dan at these links:https://www.facebook.com/DanAdamsOGhttps://www.instagram.com/sledneckdan/https://www.youtube.com/user/sledneckdanFor more information on Dan's Next Level Riding Clinics, visit http://www.nextlevelclinics.com/Follow Gabrielle's content on Facebook, Instagram and YouTube at the following links:https://www.facebook.com/GabrielleHockleyhttps://www.instagram.com/gabriellehockley/https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxxSTdckXg2JLfcA9oh08-QFollow Chris on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube at the following links:https://www.facebook.com/ChrisBurandthttps://www.instagram.com/chrisburandt211/https://twitter.com/chrisburandthttps://www.youtube.com/user/BurandtsBackcountryFind more information about Burandt's Backcountry Adventure at https://www.burandtsbackcountryadventure.com/. And subscribe to Chris' podcast, Wide Open with Chris Burandt.Follow Levi's content on Facebook, Instagram and YouTube at the following links:https://www.facebook.com/LeviLaValleeFanPagehttps://www.instagram.com/levi_lavallee/https://www.youtube.com/user/LaValleeInc To learn more, check out this article, which includes videos, from the Polaris Snowmobiles Help Center:https://snowmobiles.polaris.com/en-us/self-help/article/KA-02805/ The Polaris Snowmobiles Help Center and Polaris Snowmobiles YouTube channel are great resources for maintenance and ownership tips.https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCc21o3x3-P_ehovL2Vl2EuA

Hockey Central @ Noon
Did the NHL Get the Spezza Suspension Right?

Hockey Central @ Noon

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 8, 2021 49:29


Guest host Gord Stellick chats with Joe Bowen about the Leafs' newfound willingness to stand up for teammates and how the third line has performed this season (6:28). Next, Kelly Hrudey stops by to talk about the Darryl Sutter getting the most out of the Flames and Jack Campbell becoming a superstar in Toronto (28:53).The views and opinions expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts and guests and do not necessarily reflect the position of Rogers Media Inc. or any affiliate.

OverDrive
Mark Masters on if we will ever see an NHL player score 70+ goals, Jason Spezza's status with a potential suspension looming, and what to expect from the Leafs' most recent AHL call ups.

OverDrive

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 8, 2021 14:16


TSN Maple Leafs Reporter Mark Masters joins OverDrive live from Scotiabank Arena ahead of Toronto's matchup against the Columbus Blue Jackets. Masters dives into a debate on whether we could see an NHL player score 70+ goals one day before chatting about Jason Spezza's status as he awaits potential discipline from the NHL. Masters also discusses what to expect from Kristians Rubins and Alex Steeves ahead of their NHL debuts tonight, and more.

The Steve Warne Project
653: Sens, Islanders Fight Off COVID, Brutal Starts; Patriots Run Past Bills; "BRUCE, THERE IT IS!"

The Steve Warne Project

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 7, 2021 34:00


Sens and Islanders meet Tuesday, both trying to shake off effects of COVID outbreaks and a terrible starts. The Patriots abandon the passing game on a windy night in Buffalo and they win. Leafs lost Mitch Marner to a shoulder injury. Suspension for Spezza coming. The new catch phrase in Vancouver. Bruce! There it Is! Canucks coach Bruce Boudreau wins his debut.

The Alan Cox Show
Frugal Kid/ Rake Privilege/ Ammo Money, Ammo Problems/ Breakfast Question/ On The Dole/ N.A.R.B./ Hand Day/ New Nuts/ Suspension Of Disbelief

The Alan Cox Show

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 6, 2021 175:38


All CNET Video Podcasts (HD)
Twitter suspension mistake, Clearview AI facial recognition patent

All CNET Video Podcasts (HD)

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 6, 2021


In today's top stories, Twitter suspends accounts by mistake, Clearview AI is set to earn a patent for its controversial tech and the first trailer for Spider-Man: Across the Spider-Verse has dropped.

Morning Bru with Jaffe & Razor
Wrapping Up The Week, B's Earn Three Of Six Points During Marchand's Suspension | Ep. 92

Morning Bru with Jaffe & Razor

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 6, 2021 42:17


In this episode of Morning Bru with Jaffe & Razor, the guys break down a stretch of games which saw the Bruins go 1-1-1 without suspended forward Brad Marchand in the lineup. The B's fumbled the first game losing to the Detroit Red Wings, earned a shutout against the Nashville Predators and fell to the Tampa Bay Lightning Saturday night in overtime. The guys discuss some of the week's bright spots such as the play of goaltender Jeremy Swayman in his first shutout of the season, the "brewing" chemistry between forwards Erik Haula and Charlie Coyle, and the elevated play of Brandon Carlo. Also, the guys continue to discuss the developing Jake DeBrusk situation and speculate what the lineups could look like ahead of the team's West Coast road swing.

Zero Pucks Given
The Skate Pod, Ep. 72: Bruins survive Marchand suspension; What happens next with DeBrusk?

Zero Pucks Given

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 5, 2021 89:58


Scott, Bridgette and Brian discuss the Bruins' three games without Brad Marchand and how the lineup might look upon his return. They also break down the Jake DeBrusk situation and wonder how many more games he'll play for Boston. Follow us on Twitter: @TheSkatePod | @smclaughlin9 | @briandefelice_ | @bridgetteproulx  See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Locked On Bucs – Daily Podcast On The Tampa Bay Buccaneers Fans
Fallout from Antonio Brown & Mike Edwards Suspension | Jordan Whitehead OUT for Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Locked On Bucs – Daily Podcast On The Tampa Bay Buccaneers Fans

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 4, 2021 38:29


A BONUS episode of the Locked On Bucs Podcast! On this episode, James Yarcho and David Harrison chronicle the timeline of events leading up to the suspensions of Tampa Bay Buccaneers players Antonio Brown and Mike Edwards. Then, they dive into the similarities and differences between this COVID-19 incident, and the one involving Green Bay Packers quarterback, Aaron Rodgers. Finally, what does the future look like for the Bucs and their two players? Are they connected? To make matters worse, on top of losing Edwards, fellow safety Jordan Whitehead has been ruled OUT for Sunday's contest against the Atlanta Falcons. All of that, on this episode of the Locked On Bucs Podcast! Follow & Subscribe to the Locked On Bucs Podcast on these platforms… Apple: https://apple.co/3iOePFk Spotify: https://spoti.fi/3BwlScY Audacy: https://bit.ly/3FAcIhV Google: https://bit.ly/2X0IEdS Megaphone: https://bit.ly/3uZOcSo Follow Locked On Podcast Network on Twitter: https://twitter.com/LockedOnNetwork Check out all of our NFL Coverage: linktr.ee/lockedonnfl Follow James on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JYarcho_BUCS Follow David on Twitter: https://twitter.com/DHarrison82 Support Us By Supporting Our Sponsors! Built Bar Built Bar is a protein bar that tastes like a candy bar. Go to builtbar.com and use promo code “LOCKED15,” and you'll get 15% off your next order. BetOnline AG There is only 1 place that has you covered and 1 place we trust. Betonline.ag! Sign up today for a free account at betonline.ag and use that promocode: LOCKEDON for your 50% welcome bonus. StatHero StatHero is the first of its kind Daily Fantasy Sports platform where it's YOU vs. the HOUSE in head to head fantasy matchups - winner take all. Sign up for FREE - RIGHT NOW - at StatHero.com/LOCKEDON and use promo code LOCKEDON for a One Hundred Percent Deposit Match. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

OutKick 360
Antonio Brown Suspension, Hutton's NFL Underdogs

OutKick 360

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 43:59


This is the OutKick 360 for Friday December 3, 2021.See Privacy Policy at https://art19.com/privacy and California Privacy Notice at https://art19.com/privacy#do-not-sell-my-info.

Skip and Shannon: Undisputed
Full Show (Cowboys/Saints recap, AB's suspension, LeBron clears protocols, SEC Championship preview)

Skip and Shannon: Undisputed

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 98:47


Listen & subscribe to more FOX Sports podcasts: http://sprtspod.fox/applepodcasts 00:00 Cowboys/Saints 24:30 Antonio Brown's suspension 39:40 LeBron clears protocols 48:38 Cowboys' win 1:04:42 Micah Parsons 1:15:52 SEC Championship preview 1:27:37 Pollard vs. Zeke Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

First Things First
Cowboys/Saints recap, Michael Vick on Taysom Hill, LeBron clears protocols, AB's suspension

First Things First

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 55:31


Listen & subscribe to more FOX Sports podcasts: http://sprtspod.fox/applepodcasts 00:00 Cowboys/Saints 11:23 Upset Alert 17:47 Michael Vick grades Taysom Hill's performance 31:03 LeBron James clears protocols 41:35 Antonio Brown's suspension Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

Pivot with Kara Swisher and Scott Galloway
Twitter's New Anti-Harassment Policy, Chris Cuomo's Suspension, and Stacey Abrams is Running for Governor

Pivot with Kara Swisher and Scott Galloway

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 51:46


Kara and Scott discuss Twitter's new anti-harassment policy, Chris Cuomo's indefinite suspension from CNN, and Stacey Abrams running for Governor in Georgia. Also, UK's Competition Watchdog tells Meta to sell off GIPHY. CEOs and insiders have sold off a record number of stocks in 2021. Plus, Scott gives us some predictions on SpaceX and Twitter. Send us your Listener Mail questions, via Yappa, at nymag.com/pivot. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

Stay Hot: A Sports Podcast
Dark-Horse NFL And NBA Teams + Adam Faris Joins

Stay Hot: A Sports Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 73:51


The start of Week 13 of the NFL season is here! Plus, a special guest joins today to talk the NBA and NFL.   To start off, the trio react to the news of Antonio Brown being suspended for violating COVID-19 protocols.   Next, the guys are joined by Tik Toker Adam Faris. With Faris, the crew look at teams outside and on the bubble of the current NFL playoff picture that can make a deep run. The guys also discuss the NBA teams that will likely be later seeds that can make it far in the playoffs as well. Plus, Adam tells a crazy sports story.   Then, the trio discuss the Grizzlies beating the Thunder by 73 points in the biggest blowout in NBA history.   To finish out the episode, the guys react to Brian Kelly leaving Notre Dame to go to LSU and explain if Bill Belichick could recruit well if he was a college coach. ⏰ Chapters ⏰ (0:00) Intro (1:47) Live Stream TODAY! (3:39) Stay Hot Shout Outs Reminder (4:05) Antonio Brown's Suspension (8:15) Welcome Adam Faris (11:00) Low Seed NFL Teams That Could Make A Run (36:00) Adam's Favorite Sports Teams (37:18) Adam's Favorite Sports Story (42:11) Grizzlies-Thunder Wild Record Set (50:31) Brian Kelly to LSU (1:04:33) Joe Brady's Next Move? (1:10:29) Could Belichick Recruit In College? (1:12:45) Closing Thoughts  

I Doubt It with Dollemore
#762 – “Pandemic Calm, Five-Point Plan, Chris Cuomo Indefinite Suspension, SCOTUS on Abortion, and Takin' Care of Biz feat. Lesleigh Nurse.”

I Doubt It with Dollemore

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 3, 2021 64:29


Jesse and Brittany discuss their attempts to stay calm in the midst of the continued pandemic, President Biden’s five-point plan to address the new variant, an update to Critical Race Theory Watch given recent attempts to ban books in Tennessee, Chris Cuomo’s indefinite suspension from CNN, oral arguments before the Supreme Court in the case... The post #762 – “Pandemic Calm, Five-Point Plan, Chris Cuomo Indefinite Suspension, SCOTUS on Abortion, and Takin’ Care of Biz feat. Lesleigh Nurse.” appeared first on I Doubt It Podcast.

O'Connor & Company
12.02.2021 -- [Hour 2 / 6 AM]: Carrie Severino, Fisher House Radiothon, Chris Cuomo Speaks After CNN Suspension

O'Connor & Company

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 2, 2021 31:56


In the first hour of WMAL's O'Connor & Company" radio program, Larry O'Connor and Amber Athey talked to Judicial Crisis Network's Carrie Severino about abortion arguments being heard before the Supreme Court this week. They also talked to Army veteran Ben Breckheimer and Robbi Hammett, a mother of a wounded Afghanistan war veteran about the important work that Fisher House does for our veterans.  They played the audio of Chris Cuomo speaking out for the first time after his suspension from CNN. https://www.wmal.com/fisherhouse/ For more coverage on the issues that matter to you, visit www.WMAL.com, download the WMAL app or tune in live on WMAL-FM 105.9 FM from 5-9 AM ET. To join the conversation, check us out on Twitter: @WMALDC, @LarryOConnor and @Amber_athey   See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Rich Zeoli
Chris Cuomo Addresses Suspension and Don't Let Polling Discourage You From Voting

Rich Zeoli

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 2, 2021 41:06


Zeoli Show Hour 3:  In the third hour of the Zeoli Show, Rich discussed Chris Cuomo, kind of, addressing his suspension on CNN during his SiriusXM show, the wrong polling in New Jersey discouraged voter turnout and there are no excuses anymore to stay home and not vote.  See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

MTB Podcast
Components That Give Back, Suspension Tips, Tire Sealant Ratios & Epic Listener Questions...Ep. 88

MTB Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 29, 2021 49:58


MTB Podcast Episode 88 hot off the press! We begin with updates from Jeff after his trip to the Amazon and Jared after his tri, followed by Liam's sweet hardtail build. We also discuss the launch of Trail1 Components followed by a myriad of listener questions ranging from our thoughts on 27.5, Jeff's next bike & more. 00:00 Intro 01:47 Jeff's Trip to the Amazon Jungle 04:01 Jared's Catalina Tri Results 07:23 Liam's Why Cycles Hardtail Build 13:11 Trail One Components 16:18 Listener Questions Our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCczlFdoHUMcFJuHUeZf9b_Q Submit any and all questions to podcast@worldwidecyclery.com Why Cycles: https://www.whycycles.com/

WhatCulture Wrestling
WWE SmackDown Review - Brock Lesnar's Suspension LIFTED! Sami Zayn Is The #1 Contender! Thanksgiving Leftovers Throwdown! Toni Storm Gets Pied?!

WhatCulture Wrestling

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 29, 2021 51:10


Adam and the Dadley Boyz chat about what happened on this week's episode of Friday Night SmackDown, including...Brock Lesnar's suspension LIFTED!Sami Zayn is the #1 contender!Thanksgiving Leftovers Throwdown!Sasha Banks & Naomi vs. Natalya & Shayna Baszler!Toni Storm gets pied?!ENJOY!Follow us on Twitter:@AdamWilbourn@MichaelHamflett@MSidgwick@WhatCultureWWEFor more awesome content, check out: whatculture.com/wwe See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

Skip and Shannon: Undisputed
Full Show (LeBron's suspension, Tom Brady's MVP chances, Baker Mayfield, Dak Prescott)

Skip and Shannon: Undisputed

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 103:12


Listen & subscribe to more FOX Sports podcasts: http://sprtspod.fox/applepodcasts 00:00 LeBron's suspension 18:48 Tom Brady's MVP chances 36:49 Baker Mayfield 54:29 Dak Prescott 1:09:47 Chris Broussard joins 1:22:37 Bucs/Giants 1:31:52 Lakers Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

Jalen & Jacoby
Did LeBron Deserve Suspension?

Jalen & Jacoby

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 55:33


Jalen & Jacoby discuss Tom Brady's electric Monday Night Football performance, LeBron gets suspended, Kyle Kuzma's “interesting” pregame outfit, Suns extend their winning streak to 13 games, James Harden's lack of effort, Taysom Hill gets a bag, plus some special Thanksgiving advice.

ESPN Podcasts
Did LeBron Deserve Suspension?

ESPN Podcasts

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 55:33


Jalen & Jacoby discuss Tom Brady's electric Monday Night Football performance, LeBron gets suspended, Kyle Kuzma's “interesting” pregame outfit, Suns extend their winning streak to 13 games, James Harden's lack of effort, Taysom Hill gets a bag, plus some special Thanksgiving advice.

Golic and Wingo
Hour 4: LeBron's Suspension

Golic and Wingo

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 43:50


The guys play "To the Max" on which teams are and aren't Super Bowl contenders. Also, ESPN NBA Analyst Jeff Van Gundy joins the show to talk about the suspension of LeBron James, and the Lakers issues moving forward. Plus, the Giants lost to the Bucs on Monday Night Football.

The Stephen A. Smith Show
Hour 4: LeBron's Suspension

The Stephen A. Smith Show

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 43:50


The guys play "To the Max" on which teams are and aren't Super Bowl contenders. Also, ESPN NBA Analyst Jeff Van Gundy joins the show to talk about the suspension of LeBron James, and the Lakers issues moving forward. Plus, the Giants lost to the Bucs on Monday Night Football.

The Odd Couple with Chris Broussard & Rob Parker
11/22/2021 - Hour 1 - LeBron Deserved a Longer Suspension + Super Bowl champion Greg Jennings

The Odd Couple with Chris Broussard & Rob Parker

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 47:16


Chris and Rob discuss LeBron James' altercation with Isaiah Stewart and debate whether or not LeBron deserved an equal length suspension as Stewart, tell us why the New Orleans Saints were crazy to give Taysom Hill that contract extension, and take a trip out to Shekel City for Rob's nightly bets. Plus, Super Bowl champion and FOX Sports Radio NFL analyst Greg Jennings swings by to share his thoughts on the best team in the AFC, what's gone wrong for Baker Mayfield this season, his Thanksgiving dinner plans, and much more! Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com