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通勤學英語Podcast, 利用每日15分鐘,不用死背單字、文法,即刻跟著節目開口提升你的英語力! 每週有三大節目可以收聽,每集15mins以內,跟讀單元附有雙語逐字稿,不論一杯咖啡的時間,通勤或塞車,都可以將幫助你創造全英語學習環境! - 每日英語跟讀,跟著 John老師一起朗讀時事趣聞。 - 精選詞彙 Vocab播客,收聽John與Gavin老師討論文章內容與精選詞彙。 - 文法跟讀 In-Tense單元,跟著Gavin老師一起反覆練習常用文法例句。 喜歡這個Podcast? 請在Apple Podcast裡給五星給予支持並留言喔~ 更多跟讀文章在官網: www.15mins.today FB粉專: https://www.facebook.com/15minsenglishcafe/ 商業合作請來信: 15minstoday@gmail.com

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    • Sep 25, 2022 LATEST EPISODE
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    Latest episodes from 通勤學英語

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K440: 如何讓心臟病人按時吃藥?一顆複方製劑搞定

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 25, 2022 3:55


    即刻加入15Mins通勤學英語直播室,每週一9pm等你來說英文 : https://15minsengcafe.pse.is/46hm8k 每日英語跟讀 Ep.K440: How to Get Heart Patients to Take Their Pills? Give Them Just One. Heart disease kills more people than any other condition, but despite advances in treatment and prevention, patients often do not stick to their medication regimens. Now researchers may have found a solution: a so-called polypill that combines three drugs needed to prevent cardiovascular trouble. 死於心臟病的人比死於其他任何疾病的人都多,儘管在治療和預防上取得進展,患者往往不能堅守他們的藥物治療方式。現在,研究人員可能已經找到一個解決方法:一種混合三種預防心血管疾病所需藥物的所謂複方製劑。 In what is apparently the largest and longest randomized controlled trial of this approach, patients who were prescribed a polypill within six months of a heart attack were more likely to keep taking their drugs and had significantly fewer cardiovascular events, compared with those receiving the usual assortment of pills. 在明顯是這種方法規模最大、時間最長的隨機對照試驗中,心臟病發作後6個月內服用複方製劑的患者,跟服用常規藥物患者相比,更有可能繼續服用藥物,心血管事件明顯減少。 The participants also experienced one-third fewer cardiovascular deaths, although their overall risk of death from all causes was not significantly changed. 參與者因心血管疾病死亡人數也減少三分之一,即便他們因為各種原因死亡的總體風險沒有顯著改變。 The study of more than 2,000 heart patients, who were followed for three years, was published Friday morning in The New England Journal of Medicine, as the findings were presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Barcelona, Spain. 這項研究對2000多名心臟病患者進行三年追蹤調查,研究結果周五上午發表在《新英格蘭醫學雜誌》,並在西班牙巴塞隆納舉行的歐洲心臟病學會年會上發表。 The study is the culmination of 15 years of work by researchers led by Dr. Valentin Fuster, director of Mount Sinai Heart at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City and general director of the National Center for Cardiovascular Research in Spain. 這研究是紐約市西奈山醫院西奈山心臟中心主任、西班牙國立心血管研究中心總監瓦倫丁.福斯特博士帶領研究人員研究15年的結晶。 “Combination pills are easier for the physician and for the patient, and the data are pretty clear — it translates into a benefit,” said Dr. Thomas J. Wang, chair of the department of internal medicine at UT Southwestern Medical Center, who was not involved in the research but wrote an editorial accompanying the study. 未參與研究但為研究報告撰寫社評的德州大學西南醫學中心內科系主任湯瑪斯.王博士說:「複方藥物對醫生和病患來說更簡便,數據非常清楚,它轉化為一種好處。」 The polypill combines a blood-pressure medication, a cholesterol-lowering drug and aspirin, which helps prevent blood clots. 這種複方製劑結合了降壓藥、降膽固醇藥和阿斯匹林,有助防止血栓。 The polypill used in the study has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration and is not available to patients in the United States right now. Fuster said the results of the new trial would be submitted to the agency shortly in an effort to obtain approval. 這項研究使用的複方製劑還未獲得美國食品藥物管理局批准,目前在美國還不能給患者使用。福斯特 說,這項新試驗結果很快會提交給該機構,以爭取獲得批准。 And since participants became even more likely to keep taking the polypill over time, he said, “The potential results could be even better with more follow-up.” Several studies have shown that only about half of patients, or even less, take all their medications as instructed. 他說,由於參與者會逐漸的更可能繼續服用複方製劑,「若有更多後續研究,潛在結果可能更好」。數項研究顯示,只有大約一半甚至更少患者按照指示服用所有藥物。 The new study, a randomized controlled clinical trial, enrolled just under 2,500 patients at 113 sites in Spain, Italy, France, Germany, Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary. 這項研究是一項隨機對照臨床試驗,在西班牙、義大利、法國、德國、波蘭、捷克和匈牙利的113個地點招募到近2500名患者。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6601708 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    回顧星期天LBS - 非洲相關時事趣聞 All about 2021 Africa

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 24, 2022 8:59


    Topic: Coronavirus Is Battering Africa's Growing Middle Class 新冠重創非洲新興中產階級 As the coronavirus surges in many countries in Africa, it is threatening to push as many as 58 million people in the region into extreme poverty, experts at the World Bank say. But beyond the devastating consequences for the continent's most vulnerable people, the pandemic is also whittling away at one of Africa's signature achievements: the growth of its middle class. 世界銀行專家指出,新冠肺炎疫情在非洲多國急遽加重,恐將使多達5800萬人陷入極端貧窮(赤貧)。而且疫情除了給非洲大陸最弱勢者帶來毀滅性後果之外,還逐步削弱非洲一項指標性成就,也就是中產階級的成長。 For the last decade, Africa's middle class has been pivotal to the educational, political and economic development across the continent. New business owners and entrepreneurs have created jobs that, in turn, gave others a leg up as well. 過去這十年,非洲中產階級在非洲大陸全境教育、政治和經濟的發展上,扮演著關鍵性的角色。新的企業主和創業者創造出就業機會,也從而幫了別人一把。 Educated, tech-savvy families and young people with money to spare have fed the demand for consumer goods, called for democratic reforms, expanded the talent pool at all levels of society, and pushed for high-quality schools and health care. 受過教育、熟諳現代科技且有閒錢的家庭和年輕人支撐了消費品的市場,提出了對民主改革的要求,擴大了社會各層次的人才庫,並鼓吹高品質的學校和醫療照護服務。 About 170 million out of Africa's 1.3 billion people are now classified as middle class. But about 8 million of them could be thrust into poverty because of the coronavirus and its economic fallout, according to World Data Lab, a research organization. 非洲13億人口中,約有1.7億人現在被歸類為中產階級,不過,根據研究機構「世界資料實驗室」的說法,其中約800萬人可能因新冠肺炎疫情及其經濟衝擊而淪為窮人。 It's a setback that may be felt for years to come. 這個挫敗可在未來幾年內感受到。 “The tragedy is that because Africa is not growing fast, this collapse of the middle class could take several years to recover,” said Homi Kharas, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and the co-founder of the World Data Lab. 華府智庫布魯金斯研究所高級研究員兼世界資料實驗室共同創辦人卡拉斯說:「不幸的是,非洲成長速度並不快,中產階級的潰縮可能得花上幾年才能恢復。」 Africa's middle class tripled over the past 30 years, by some estimates, spurred by job opportunities in sectors like technology, tourism and manufacturing. 一些估計顯示,在科技、觀光和製造業等領域的就業機會帶動下,非洲中產階級人數過去30年間增為三倍。 But now that the region is facing its first recession in 25 years, millions of educated people living in urban centers could fall victim to the extreme income inequality that has defined Africa for decades. 不過,由於非洲遭逢25年來首次經濟衰退,數以百萬計住在都會區的受過教育者可能淪為極端收入不平等的受害者。極端收入不平等數十年來一直是非洲的特徵。 Kharas defined the middle class in Africa as households that spend anywhere between $11 and $110 per capita per day. 卡拉斯把非洲中產階級定義為,平均每人每天花費11美元到110美元(約台幣330元到3300元)的家庭。 The rising middle class has been “critical for the future prospects of African economies as they stimulate long-term growth, social progress, an inclusive and prosperous society and effective and accountable governance,” said Landry Signé, author of “Unlocking Africa's Business Potential.” The coronavirus “will drastically delay wages and hold back the dreams of Africa's middle class,” he said. 著有「解放非洲商業潛力」一書的賽恩說,中產階級崛起「對非洲的經濟前景至關重要,因為中產階級能促進長期成長、社會進步,造就具包容性且繁榮的社會,以及有效率且可問責的治理」。他說,新冠肺炎「將大幅延後薪水發放,並讓非洲中產階級難以圓夢」。 What distinguishes the middle class from the poor, said Razia Khan, chief economist for Africa and the Middle East at Standard Chartered bank, is the ability to earn a steady income. But because of the pandemic, many more people across Africa are at risk of being “knocked back into poverty” because of lack of jobs, unemployment benefits or any social safety net, she said. 渣打銀行非洲中東首席經濟學家拉奇雅.卡恩說,中產階級與窮人不同之處在於,他們有賺取穩定收入的能力。不過她說,由於疫情大流行,非洲各地有更多人可能因為缺乏就業機會、失業救濟金或任何社會安全網而被「打回貧窮」。 The pandemic is also posing a threat to nascent industries supported by governments in Africa in recent years to boost the number of middle-income earners. 疫情大流行還威脅到剛起步的一些產業。非洲各國政府近年來支持這些產業,冀以促進中所得人數的成長。 Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/4712407 Next Article Topic: South Africa is considering letting women have multiple husbands South Africa's government is considering allowing women to have multiple husbands, a possibility that has thrown the country's conservatives into uproar. 南非政府正在考慮允許女性擁有多名丈夫,這種可能性使該國保守派一片譁然。 The proposal to allow polyandry was included in a green paper from South Africa's Department of Home Affairs, which hopes to make marriage more inclusive. 這項允許一妻多夫的提議已經被納入南非內政部的綠皮書中,希望使婚姻更具包容性。 South Africa has one of the world's most liberal constitutions, embracing same-sex marriages for all and polygamy for men. 南非有世界上最自由的憲法之一,接受所有性別的同性婚姻與男性的一夫多妻。 Businessman and TV personality Musa Mseleku - who has four wives - is among those opposed to polyandry. 有四名妻子的企業家兼電視名人穆薩.姆斯萊庫是反對一妻多夫制的其中一人。 ''This will destroy African culture.'' Mseleku said. ''The woman cannot now take the role of the man. It's unheard of.'' 「這會摧毀非洲文化。」姆斯萊庫說。「女性不能扮演男性的角色。這是前所未聞的。」 The idea that polyandry is not African was also prevalent among religious leaders, the Department of Home Affairs found. 內政部發現,一妻多夫「不非洲」的想法也流傳於宗教領袖中。 Next Topic: S.African miners rescued, none still trapped 11 名南非礦工獲救,已無人受困 Eleven men who became trapped in an illegal gold mine in South Africa were rescued on Sunday, but an unknown number remained underground fearing arrest. 受困於南非非法金礦的11名男子在週日獲救,但仍有數目不詳的礦工因害怕被捕而待在地底。 The men, who were all uninjured, were immediately handed over to police. Rescue officials said many others were now able to leave the mine but had refused to come out while officials were present. 這些男子都未受傷,隨即轉交警方處理。救難人員說,其他許多人現在有能力自己離開礦井,但拒絕在警方在場的時候出來。 "We managed to retrieve 11 young men. We believe they are South Africans, they have been treated and handed over to the police," municipal emergency and rescue services official Rogger Mamaila told AFP. 「我們設法營救出11名年輕男子,我們認為他們是南非人,他們已經接受治療並轉交給警方。」緊急搜救官員馬梅拉告訴法新社。 Police spokesman Mack Mngomezulu told AFP a number of men remained in the abandoned mine east of Johannesburg and were refusing to come out. 警局發言人門戈彌祖魯告訴法新社,有一些男子還待在約翰尼斯堡東邊的廢棄礦井,而且拒絕出來。 The number of people still down there remains unclear -- around 30 miners who were trapped at a shallow level had earlier told rescuers from a private operator ER24 that there were 200 others stuck at a level underneath them. 仍待在地下的人數依舊不清楚--約30名受困在淺層地底的礦工早先告訴民營緊急救難隊ER24的救難人員,還有兩百人困在更下層。 That was never confirmed, however, with local municipal officials insisting there were only around 30 people trapped. 這項消息一直未獲證實,當地官員堅持只有大約30人受困。 Mamaila declared the rescue operation closed around two hours after the 11 were brought to the surface. 馬梅拉宣稱搜救行動在11名礦工被帶上地面後2小時結束。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1458633; http://iservice.ltn.com.tw/Service/english/english.php?engno=781592&day=2014-05-24 Next Article Topic: South Africa launches the world's biggest hydrogen-fueled truck Mining giant Anglo American on Friday unveiled the world's largest hydrogen-powered truck, a monster weighing in at 220 tonnes, at a platinum mine in northern South Africa. 礦業巨擘英美資源集團週五在南非北部一座白金礦場展示了全球最大的氫動力卡車,此一龐然巨獸重達220公噸。 Billed as the first of a fleet that will replace the firm's diesel-powered trucks, the vehicle uses two-megawatt hydrogen fuel cells to haul up to 290 tonnes of ore. 它被宣傳為將取代該公司柴油動力卡車的車隊先鋒,該車使用2百萬瓦的氫燃料電池,來拖動多達290公噸的礦石。 "What we are launching is not merely an impressive piece of machinery, it is the genesis of an entire ecosystem powered by hydrogen," President Cyril Ramaphosa said. 南非總統西里爾.拉瑪佛沙說,「我們推出的不僅僅是一部令人印象深刻的機器,它是一個由氫氣驅動的完整生態系的起源。」 Comparable in size to a small house, the behemoth was shown off at Mogalakwena mine, about 250 kilometres from Johannesburg. 這部龐然大物的大小可匹敵一間小屋,在距離約翰尼斯堡約250公里處的莫加拉奎納礦場展示。 "This is a gigantic leap for South Africa's hydrogen future economy," Ramaphosa declared. 拉瑪佛沙說,「對南非的氫能源未來經濟來說,這是一個巨大的跨越」。 Next Article Topic: 潛逃中的獅子被關進南非大牢 Lion on the lam locked-up in South African jail A young lion captured after being on the run for almost a month spent the night in a South African police cell before being moved back to its national park home. 一頭在逃將近一個月後被捕的幼獅,被運回位在國家公園的故鄉以前,先在南非一處警察局的拘留室度過長夜。 The juvenile male apparently escaped from the Karoo National Park through a hole in a perimeter fence. He was eventually tracked and darted on Wednesday before being moved by helicopter to the Sutherland police station where he ended up alone in a holding cell. 這個小男生明顯是從「乾旱台地高原國家公園」周邊圍欄一處洞口逃跑。牠最終還是在週三被發現蹤跡並遭標槍射中,後來被直升機運到薩瑟蘭警察局,獨自待在拘留室裡。 "I am sure this is the first time in the world that a lion is put in jail," said police station commander Marius Malan. 警局大隊長馬略斯‧馬蘭說:「我確定這是全球第一次獅子入獄。」 Curious residents of the village of Sutherland thronged outside the police station to catch a glimpse of the locked-up lion. 薩瑟蘭村好奇的居民們,在警局外爭相一窺這頭被囚禁的獅子。 "He is safe and healthy. We didn't give him breakfast because he had enough to eat along the road," Malan told Reuters. 馬蘭告訴路透:「牠安全又健康。我們沒給牠早餐,因為牠一路上已經有足夠的東西可吃。」Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1518702 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1274469?fbclid=IwAR0GOlDHNx4EL-iF8U3qURZl9hlX0ub6M5HGc7BDwb3IJcdbf0xDlnPNDeI 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    15Mins Live Podcast - 地震來了如何做好保護 How to protect yourself during an earthquake

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 23, 2022 73:11


    Article from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/earthquakes/during.html Drop. Cover. Hold on. 趴下、掩護、穩住 In most situations, you can protect yourself if you immediately: DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. This position protects you from falling but allows you to still move if necessary.COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. If there is no shelter nearby, get down near an interior wall or next to low-lying furniture that won't fall on you, and cover your head and neck with your arms and hands.HOLD ON to your shelter (or to your head and neck) until the shaking stops. Be prepared to move with your shelter if the shaking shifts it around. If you are inside, stay inside. 在室內時,待在室內DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during an earthquake. You are less likely to be injured if you stay where you are.DO NOT stand in a doorway. You are safer under a table. In modern houses, doorways are no stronger than any other part of the house. Doorways do not protect you from the most likely source of injury − falling or flying objects. If you are in a high-rise building, drop, cover, and hold on. 在高樓時,趴下、掩護、穩住Move away from windows and outside walls.Stay in the building.DO NOT use the elevators. The electricity may go out, and the sprinkler systems may come on. If you are outside, stay outside. 在戶外時,待在戶外Move away from buildings, utility wires, sinkholes, and fuel and gas lines. The greatest danger from falling debris is just outside doorways and close to outer walls of buildings.Go to an open area away from trees, telephone poles, and buildings. Once in the open, get down low and stay there until the shaking stops. If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly and safely as possible. 在行車時,立刻停下找安全地方Move your car to the shoulder or curb, away from utility poles, overhead wires, and under- or overpasses.Stay in the car and set the parking brake. A car may jiggle violently on its springs, but it is a good place to stay until the shaking stops.Turn on the radio for emergency broadcast information. 隨堂考 What should you do when an earthquake hits ?When you are in your bedroom?When you are in the mall?When you are in your car? 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K439: About Spain - 紅酒世紀竊案與客服法

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2022 3:07


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K439: About Spain - Wine theft of the century A former Mexican beauty queen and a Romanian-Dutch accomplice have been arrested in Croatia over the theft of $1.7 million worth of prestige bottles of wine in Spain after a nine-month chase across Europe, police said on Wednesday. 警方週三表示,歷經9個月橫跨歐洲的追捕後,一位墨西哥前選美皇后和一位羅馬尼亞裔的荷蘭共犯因為在西班牙竊取價值170萬美元的高檔紅酒,在克羅埃西亞被捕。 In a statement, Spanish national police said that on Oct. 27, 2021 in the western city of Caceres, 45 wine bottles worth a total of 1.65 million euros, including one "unique" 19th-century vintage worth 310,000 euros, were spirited away in a meticulously planned theft from the cellars of the famous hotel-restaurant El Atrio. 西班牙國家警察在聲明中說,2021年10月27日在西部城市卡塞雷斯,45瓶價值165萬歐元的紅酒,當中包括一瓶「獨一無二」、要價31萬歐元的19世紀佳釀,在一場精心策劃的竊案中從知名旅店餐館El Atrio的酒窖中被竊走。 Next Article Can I talk to a human? Spain presents customer service bill (我可以跟真人談嗎?西班牙提出客服法案) Tired of speaking to a machine when you call the bank or power company? 對於打電話到銀行或電力公司,卻總是跟機器說話感到厭倦了嗎? Spain's government wants to end those nerve-shattering, one-sided conversations with a computerized answering service by making it obligatory for companies to offer a real, flesh-and-blood customer service worker when so requested by a caller. 西班牙政府希望終止那些單方面溝通、令人神經疲勞的機械化應答服務,要求企業必須在致電者請求下,提供真正有血有肉的顧客服務人員。 "Customer service far too often causes endless headaches for Spanish families because far too many companies create bureaucratic labyrinths to stop you from exercising your right to service," said Consumption Minister Alberto Garzón. 消費者事務部長阿爾貝托.加爾松說:「客服電話實在太常讓西班牙家庭頭痛不止,因為實在太多企業創造出官僚迷宮,阻止你行使接受服務的權利。」 The bill would also seek to do away with long wait times by forcing companies to answer calls within three minutes. 該法案也希望廢除久候的情況,要求企業在3分鐘內回應致電。 It will apply to all utility providers regardless of their size and all other companies with more than 250 workers or whose business exceeds 50 million euros a year. 法案將適用所有公用事業,不分規模大小;以及所有員工超過250人或1年營業額高於5000萬歐元的企業。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1540527 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1539968 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K438: About Florida - 高溫使得海龜多為雌性與好人好事

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2022 3:33


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K438: About Florida - Hotter summers mean Florida's turtles are mostly born female Florida's sea turtles are grappling with a gender imbalance made worse by climate change. 佛羅里達海龜奮力解決因氣候變遷導致惡化的性別失衡。 Recent heat waves have caused the sand on some beaches to get so hot that nearly every turtle born was female. 近期熱浪導致一些沙灘的沙粒變得過熱,以至於幾乎每隻新生海龜都是雌性。 "The frightening thing is the last four summers in Florida have been the hottest summers on record," said Bette Zirkelbach, manager of the Turtle Hospital. 海龜醫院經理貝特.齊克爾巴赫說,可怕的是,佛州過去4年夏天是有紀錄以來最熱的夏天。 "Scientists that are studying sea turtle hatchlings and eggs have found no boy sea turtles, so only female sea turtles for the past four years," Zirkelbach said,. 齊克爾巴赫說,研究海龜孵化和蛋的科學家已經發現過去4年沒有雄性海龜,只有雌性海龜。 Instead of determining sex during fertilization, the sex of sea turtles and alligators depends on the temperature of developing eggs. 海龜和鱷魚的性別取決於蛋孵化的溫度,而非受精。 When a female turtle digs a nest on a beach, the temperature of the sand determines the gender of the hatchlings. 當母海龜在沙灘上挖了一個巢穴,沙子的溫度決定孵化出殼的海龜性別。 If a turtle's eggs incubate below 27.7 Celsius, the turtle hatchlings will be male, whereas if they incubate above 31C, they will be female. 一旦海龜蛋孵化的溫度低於攝氏27.7度,海龜就會是雄性;反之當溫度高於攝氏31度,就會是雌性。 Next Article A Florida man paid off the past dues for 114 families at risk of having their utilities shut off 佛州男子為有斷水斷電斷瓦斯之虞的114個家庭繳逾期帳單 A Florida business owner who was once down on his luck is giving back by covering the utility bills of 114 families who were facing disconnection. (美國)佛羅里達州1名曾經時運不濟的老闆,以幫助114個有斷水斷電斷瓦斯之虞的家庭支付水電費,做為回報。 Michael Esmond's generosity started in 2019 when he paid the utility bills of 36 households in his community of Gulf Breeze. Last year, with both Hurricane Sally and Covid-induced economic turmoil hitting the city, he thought he needed to up the ante. 邁可.艾斯蒙德的慷慨之舉始於2019年,他當時為微風灣社區的36個家戶繳納水電瓦斯費。去年,該市受到「莎莉」颶風與武漢肺炎所導致的經濟動盪之雙重夾擊,他覺得他必須加碼助人。 Esmond donated $7,615.40 to pay for the past-due bills of 114 households, according to Joanne Oliver, the city's utility billing supervisor. 該市水電瓦斯帳單稽查員瓊安.奧利佛說,艾斯蒙德捐款7615.40美元,為114個家戶繳納逾期帳單。 While Esmond's donation increased from the $4,600 he paid in 2019, he says he was able to help about three times as many households. 艾斯蒙德的捐款額高於2019年時的4600美元,他說,他能幫助到的家戶數量是(是2019年時)的3倍。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1539454 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1459618 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.137: 一點都不搖滾的哀瘋深紫 Is iPhone Deep Purple worth the upgrade ?

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022 26:09


    Summary: Every year in September, Apple fans around the world gather online, hoping to witness the launch of another iPhone that would change the world. This year, Apple rolled out its first purple colored iPhone for its high-end model, the iPhone 14 Pro and Pro Max. In this episode, Angel and I talk about how much of a fan I am and also whether the new phone is worth the upgrade. Are you going to upgrade to the new iPhone 14 ? Comment down below! Vocabulary: 1. In the market for...sth idiom. 有興趣購買 If you are in the market for the new iPhone 14 Pro, you should buy the Deep Purple-colored iPhone. 如果你有興趣買新的iPhone14 Pro,你應當買深紫色的iPhone。 2. Mobile carrier n. 電信業者 Chungwha Telecom was the first mobile carrier to offer the iPhone 3GS back in the day. 中華電信當年是第一個電信業者提供iPhone 3GS。 3. Preorder n. 預購 iPhone 14 Pro and Pro Max make up of 80% of the preorders. iPhone 14 Pro與Pro Max佔據8成iPhone預購。 更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K437: 歷經2年封校 菲律賓總算開學了

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2022 3:42


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K437: Philippines Returns to School, Ending One of World's Longest Shutdowns Millions of students throughout the Philippines headed to school Monday as in-person classes began to fully restart for the first time in more than two years, ending one of the world's longest pandemic-related shutdowns in a school system already plagued by severe underinvestment. 全菲律賓數以百萬計的學生周一重新上學,這是兩年多來菲律賓首度全面恢復實體課程。原本就投資嚴重不足的學校系統,遭逢新冠疫情開始封校,時間之長在全球數一數二,現在終於結束了。 “We could no longer afford to delay the education of young Filipinos,” said Vice President Sara Duterte, who is also the education secretary, as she toured schools in the town of Dinalupihan, about 40 miles northwest of Manila. 副總統兼教育部長薩拉.杜特蒂到首都馬尼拉西北方65公里處的迪納路匹罕市巡視學校時表示:「我國年輕人的教育再經不起耽擱」。 Even before the pandemic, the Philippines had among the world's largest education gaps, with more than 90% of students unable to read and comprehend simple texts by age 10, according to the World Bank. 甚至在新冠疫情爆發前,菲律賓的教育落差跟各國相比就十分巨大。世界銀行調查發現,菲國超過九成學童到了10歲仍無法閱讀和理解簡單的課文。 Schools in the Philippines have long suffered from shortages of classrooms and teachers, whose pay is low, leaving the vast numbers of poor children who cannot afford private schools and rely on the public system with inadequate teaching. 菲律賓的學校長期缺乏教室和師資。老師薪水低,導致念不起私立學校只能讀公立學校的眾多窮人家子女,無法接受適合的教導。 Now, after losing more than two years of in-person instruction, schools face the challenge of educating many students who have fallen even further behind. Although the Philippines offered online instruction during the pandemic, many students lacked access to computers or internet connections, and overburdened parents often found it hard to keep tabs on their children's remote learning. 如今,在面對面授課停擺兩年多後,學校面臨的挑戰是學習進度落後更多的學生。雖然菲國政府在疫情期間提供線上課程,許多學生卻沒有電腦或網路連線,負擔過重的父母親經常發現付不起子女遠距學習費用。 In some cases, students' already tenuous connection to school may have been severed entirely after so long away. 在某些個案,學生和學校的聯繫原本就斷斷續續,經過疫情封校這麼久的折騰,學生跟學校可能完全失聯。 In many other countries, as the negative effects of online learning became well documented, governments elected to send children back to classrooms even as the coronavirus continued to circulate widely. 在許多其他國家,線上學習的負面效應已經被詳細記載。縱然新冠疫情持續散布,政府仍決定讓學生返回教室。 But in the Philippines, government officials and parents remained hesitant, with fears that schoolchildren could bring the virus to homes crowded with multiple generations of family members, potentially overtaxing a creaky health care system. 但是在菲律賓,政府和父母親仍猶豫不決,擔心子女會把病毒從校園帶回家,殃及數代同擠一堂的家人,可能會讓已搖搖欲墜的健康照護體系負擔過重。 Starting in late 2021, the government began to experiment with conducting in-person classes in about 300 schools, but has begun expanding it to cover all primary and secondary schools. Currently only some schools are in-person all five weekdays; by November, all of the country's roughly 47,000 schools will be. 從2021年晚期起,菲國政府從300間學校開始實驗師生面對面上課,現已擴及到全國小學和國中。目前只有部分學校一周五天都是實體上課。到11月的時候,菲律賓全國約4萬7千所學校都會恢復實體上課。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6567634 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K436: 英國新君主的繼位規則

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 18, 2022 5:38


    即刻加入15Mins通勤學英語直播室,每週一9pm等你來說英文 : https://15minsengcafe.pse.is/46hm8k 每日英語跟讀 Ep.K436: Britain's rules of succession for a new sovereign Queen Elizabeth, Britain's monarch for more than seven decades, died on Thursday last week aged 96. 英國在位逾七十年的君主伊麗莎白女王於上週四逝世,享耆壽九十六歲。 The following is an explanation of the rules of the British court regarding the accession of a new sovereign and a description of the powers and responsibilities of the monarch. 以下說明英國皇室新君主即位之規則,以及君主之權責。 Under the British constitution, a sovereign succeeds to the throne the moment his or her predecessor dies, before even being proclaimed to the people, and there is no interregnum.The new monarch is officially proclaimed king or queen by a special body called the Accession Council, to which members of the Privy Council — a group of several hundred selected royal advisers including members of the cabinet — are summoned. 根據英國憲法,君主在其前任去世的那一刻即繼承王位,沒有過渡期,即便尚未向人民宣布。新君主由名為「登基會議」的特殊機構正式宣佈為國王或女王,英國樞密院成員——包括內閣成員在內的數百名選定之皇家顧問——將出席。 A full Privy Council session is only called on the accession of a new sovereign or when the monarch announces an intention to marry, an event of great importance given the hereditary basis of the monarchy. 完整的樞密院會議只有在新君主即位或君主宣布結婚計畫時才會召開;君主制是以世襲為本,因此該會議非常重要。 Also invited to attend the Accession Council which proclaims the new sovereign are the Lords Spiritual and Temporal (that is bishops of the Church of England who sit in the House of Lords, together with the secular peers of the realm) and high commissioners from Commonwealth nations. 亦受邀出席宣布新君主之登基會議的,還有屬靈及世俗的上議院(即坐在上議院的英國國教會主教,以及上議院議員),和來自大英國協國家的政府高層。 The sovereign's coronation, in effect just a formal ratification procedure, follows the accession after an interval of mourning. Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in June 1953, 16 months after George VI died. The coronation takes place at London's Westminster Abbey in the presence of politicians, eminent public figures, and representatives from countries around the world. 君主的加冕典禮,實際上只是一個正式的批准程序,是在新君主即位後,經過一段哀悼期後才舉行。一九五三年六月舉行之伊麗莎白二世女王加冕,是在喬治六世去世十六個月後。加冕典禮在倫敦西敏寺教堂舉行,政治家、知名公眾人物和世界各國代表出席。 The sovereign reigns by grace of the 1701 Act of Settlement, which lays down the rules of succession, decreeing that only Protestant descendants of a granddaughter of James I of England (Princess Sophia the Electress of Hanover) can take the throne. 一七〇一年的《王位繼承法》制定了繼承規則,規定只有英格蘭詹姆斯一世孫女(漢諾威選帝侯夫人索菲亞公主)的新教徒後裔才能繼承王位。 Until a new law in 2013, being married to a Roman Catholic also barred a royal from a place in the line of succession. However, a Catholic can still not become monarch. 在二〇一三年一部新法律頒布前,與羅馬天主教徒結婚之皇室成員也被禁止繼承王位。然而,天主教徒仍無法成為君主。 The 2013 legislation also removed precedence being given to the male line, meaning that any royal born from Oct. 28, 2011, would not be discriminated against in succession to the throne based on gender. 這項二〇一三年的立法還取消了男性血統的優先權,這表示二〇一一年十月二十八日之後出生的任何皇室成員,其王位之繼承都不會受到性別歧視。 Traditionally, the sovereign is held to personify the state, which he or she heads, and to symbolize a common link between the countries making up the United Kingdom. In law, the sovereign is head of the executive, an integral part of the legislature, head of the judiciary, commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and supreme governor of the Church of England. 傳統上,君主被認為是所領導國家的人格化,並象徵大不列顛及北愛爾蘭聯合王國組成國家間的共同聯繫。在法律上,君主是行政首腦、立法機關的一部分、司法機關首腦、武裝部隊總司令,以及英國國教之最高領導人。 In reality, he or she rubber stamps government decisions and reigns through the will of parliament. The monarch summons and prorogues parliament, and invites the leader of the political party which has won a general election to be prime minister and form a government. 實際上,君主是在政府決策上蓋橡皮圖章,透過議會的意志進行統治。君主召集議會、休會,並邀請在大選中獲勝的政黨領袖出任首相並組建政府。 The British sovereign is also head of the Commonwealth of nations which grew out of the British empire and head of state of 14 other countries. 英國君主也是大英國協國家及其他十四個國家的元首。大英國協是由大英帝國發展而來。 These are Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. 這十四個國家為安地卡及巴布達、澳洲、巴哈馬、貝里斯、加拿大、格瑞納達、牙買加、紐西蘭、巴布亞新幾內亞、聖克里斯多福及尼維斯、聖露西亞、聖文森及格瑞納丁、所羅門群島,以及吐瓦魯。 The monarchy is Britain's oldest secular institution, with the royal family tracing its ancestry back to William the Conqueror in 1066 and even to Egbert of Wessex, generally recognized as the first king of the English, in the year 829. 君主制為英國最古老的世俗制度,王室之祖先可以追溯到西元一〇六六年的征服者威廉,甚至可追溯到西元八二九年威塞克斯的埃格伯特國王——咸認為英格蘭第一位國王。 The sovereign is addressed as “Your Majesty.”Queen Elizabeth's official title was “Her Most Excellent Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.” 到西元八二九年威塞克斯的埃格伯特國王——咸認為英格蘭第一位國王。 對君主之稱呼為「陛下」。 伊麗莎白女王之官方頭銜為「承蒙上帝恩典,大不列顛及北愛爾蘭聯合王國及其其他領土之女王、大英國協元首、信仰之捍衛者伊麗莎白二世女王卓越的陛下」。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/09/13/2003785250 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    回顧星期天LBS - 日本相關時事趣聞 All about Japan

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 17, 2022 9:09


    Topic: JR East to raise fares by 10 yen to improve disabled accessibility East Japan Railway Co. (JR East) will become the first railway operator to hike passenger fares and use the funds to improve accessibility for the disabled. 東日本旅客鐵道公司(JR東日本)將成為第一家調漲客運票價,並將這筆資金用來改善供殘障人士使用的無障礙設施的鐵道業者。 The plan is to tack on 10 yen (8 cents) to a ticket for JR East's 16 major lines, including the Yamanote, Chuo and Keihin-Tohoku lines. The increase will go into effect from spring 2023. 該計畫是要將包括山手線、中央線與京濱東北線等16條JR東日本主要路線的票價調漲10日圓(8美分)。新的票價將自2023年春天起生效。 The transport ministry in December 2021 created a new system of adding fares to a ticket to pay for the installation of platform safety doors and elevators at train stations. (日本)國土交通省在2021年12月創設一項新制度,將調漲的票價金額用來支付在車站設置月台安全門與電梯的費用。 Ministry officials said JR East is the first railway company to announce a specific plan. 國土交通省官員說,JR東日本是第一個(因應該制度)宣布明確計畫的鐵道業者。 Next Article Topic: Tasty TV: Japanese professor creates flavorful screen 美味的電視:日本教授發明有滋味的螢幕 Japan's Meiji University professor Homei Miyashita has developed a prototype lickable TV screen that can imitate food flavors, another step towards creating a multi-sensory viewing experience. 日本明治大學教授宮下芳明發明出一款可舔式原型電視螢幕,具有模仿食物味道的功能,朝創造多感官收視體驗邁進另一步。 The device, called Taste the TV (TTTV), uses a carousel of 10 flavor canisters that spray in combination to create the taste of a particular food. The flavor sample then rolls on hygienic film over a flat TV screen for the viewer to try. 這個名為「品嚐電視」的裝置內部設置裝有10種口味的罐子,可噴出調製成特定食物的味道,再輸送到平面電視螢幕的衛生薄膜上,讓觀看者品嚐。 In the COVID-19 era, this kind of technology can enhance the way people connect and interact with the outside world, said Miyashita. 宮下說,在新冠肺炎流行時期,這樣的科技可改善人們與外界連結和互動的方式。 "The goal is to make it possible for people to have the experience of something like eating at a restaurant on the other side of the world, even while staying at home," he said. A commercial version would cost about 100,000 yen to make. 他說:「目標是讓人們即使待在家,也能擁有類似於在世界另一端上餐廳吃飯的體驗。」商業機製作成本約為10萬日圓(約2萬4300台幣)。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1510384 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1510139 Next Article Topic: Shinzo Abe - Japan's longest-serving prime minister Shinzo Abe smashed records as Japan's longest-serving prime minister, championing ambitious economic reform and forging key diplomatic relationships while weathering scandals. 安倍晉三打破了日本首相任期的最長紀錄,他支持雄心勃勃的經濟改革,並在經歷醜聞的同時建立了關鍵的外交關係。 Nearly two years after poor health forced him to leave office, the 67-year-old was shot during a campaign event in the western region of Nara on Friday last week. 在他因健康狀況不佳而被迫下台後兩年,六十七歲的他上週五在奈良西部地區一場競選活動中被槍殺。 Abe was a sprightly 52 when he first became prime minister in 2006, the youngest person to occupy the job in the postwar era. 安倍在二○○六年首次擔任首相時年僅五十二歲,是戰後日本最年輕的首相。 He was seen as a symbol of change and youth, but also brought the pedigree of a third-generation politician groomed from birth by an elite, conservative family. Abe's first term was turbulent, plagued by scandals and discord, and capped by an abrupt resignation. 他被視為變革與年輕的象徵,但他也是出身精英保守家庭的政治家族第三代。 安倍的第一個任期動盪不安,飽受醜聞與不和的紛擾,並以突然辭職告終。 - They called it ‘Abenomics' - He ran again, and Japan's revolving prime ministerial door brought him back to office in 2012. It ended a turbulent period in which prime ministers sometimes changed at a rate of one a year. With Japan still staggering from the effects of the 2011 tsunami and subsequent nuclear disaster at Fukushima — and a brief opposition government lashed for flip-flopping and incompetence — Abe offered a seemingly safe pair of hands. 他再次參選,日本的首相旋轉門讓他在二○一二年再度擔任首相。 這終結了日本首相更替頻繁(有時只做了一年便下台)的動盪時期。 當時日本仍因二○一一年海嘯及之後福島核災的影響而步履蹣跚,以及短暫執政、被批評為政策出爾反爾及無能的反對黨政府——在此情況下,安倍看來是穩健的選擇。 And he had a plan: Abenomics. The scheme to revive Japan's economy — the world's third-biggest, but more than two decades into stagnation — involved vast government spending, massive monetary easing and cutting red tape. Abe also sought to boost the country's flagging birth rate by making workplaces more friendly to parents, particularly mothers. 而且他有個計畫:「安倍經濟學」。 重振日本——這世界第三大經濟體,但已陷入停滯二十多年——經濟的計畫,有賴大量政府支出、大規模貨幣寬鬆,以及削減繁文縟節。 He pushed through controversial consumption tax hikes to help finance nurseries and plug gaps in Japan's overstretched social security system. While there was some progress with reform, the economy's bigger structural problems remained. Deflation proved stubborn and the economy was in recession even before the coronavirus struck in 2020. Abe's star waned further during the pandemic, with his approach criticized as confused and slow, driving his approval ratings down to some of the lowest of his tenure. 安倍還試圖營造對父母,尤其是對母親更友善的工作環境,來提高日本不斷下降的出生率。 他推動調高消費稅這具爭議性的政策,以資助托兒所並補強日本負擔過重的社會福利系統。 雖然改革取得了一些進展,但更大的經濟結構性問題依然存在。 事實證明,通貨緊縮很頑強,甚至在二○二○年冠狀病毒來襲之前,經濟就已陷入衰退。 安倍的光環在疫情期間變得更加黯淡,他的做法被批評為混亂及緩慢,讓他的支持率降至任期內最低。 - Political storms - - 政治風暴 - On the international stage, Abe took a hard line on North Korea, but sought a peacemaker role between the US and Iran. He prioritized a close personal relationship with Donald Trump in a bid to protect Japan's key alliance from the then-US president's “America First” mantra, and tried to mend ties with Russia and China. 在國際舞台上,安倍對北韓採取強硬立場,但又想在美國和伊朗之間扮演和平推手的角色。 他優先考慮跟美國總統唐納‧川普建立密切的個人關係,以保護日本的關鍵同盟免受當時川普口號「美國優先」的影響,並試圖修補與俄國及中國的關係。 But the results were mixed: Trump remained eager to force Japan to pay more for US troops stationed in the country, a deal with Russia on disputed northern islands stayed elusive, and a plan to invite Xi Jinping for a state visit fell by the wayside. Abe also pursued a hard line with South Korea over unresolved wartime disputes and continued to float plans to revise Japan's pacifist constitution. 但結果好壞參半:川普仍急於迫使日本為駐紮在日本的美軍支付更多費用,日本與俄國對北部島嶼主權之糾紛仍難以達成協議,邀請習近平進行國事訪問的計畫也被擱置。 日本與南韓間懸而未決的戰時爭端,安倍也採強硬立場,並繼續提出修改日本和平憲法的計畫。 Throughout his tenure, he weathered political storms including cronyism allegations that dented approval ratings but did little to affect his power, in part thanks to the weakness of the opposition. Abe had been due to stay on until late 2021, giving him an opportunity to see out one final event in his historic tenure — the postponed Tokyo 2020 Olympics Games.But in a shock announcement, he stepped down in August 2020, with a recurrence of ulcerative colitis ending his second term, too. 在他整個任期內,他經受住了政治風暴,包括裙帶關係的指控,這些指控讓他的支持率降低,但對他的權力幾乎沒有影響,部分原因是反對派的軟弱。安倍原定留任至二○二一年底,讓他有機會在史上最長任期內看見最後一件大事——延期的二○二○年東京奧運。 然而,他令人震驚地宣布在二○二○年八月下台,潰瘍性結腸炎的復發也結束了他的第二個任期。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/07/12/2003781569 Next Article Topic: Tokyo June heatwave worst since 1875 as power supply creaks under strain Japan baked under scorching temperatures for a fourth successive day on Tuesday, as the capital's heat broke nearly 150-year-old records for June and authorities warned power supply remained tight enough to raise the spectre of cuts. 日本週二連續第4天受炙熱高溫所苦,首善之地打破將近150年來的6月高溫紀錄,政府警告電力供應依然吃緊,增加斷電之虞。 Temperatures in Tokyo hit 35.1 C by 1 p.m local time on Tuesday. For a second day, authorities asked consumers in the Tokyo area to conserve electricity to avoid a looming power cut - but in moderation. 東京氣溫在週二下午1點達到攝氏35.1度。政府連續第二天要求東京地區用戶節約用電—但是適度地—以避免可能的斷電。 "Apparently there are some elderly people who have turned off their air conditioners because we are asking people to save energy, but please - it's this hot - don't hesitate about cooling off," trade and industry minister Koichi Hagiuda told a news conference. 經濟產業大臣萩生田光一在記者會上說,「顯然有一些老人因為我們要求民眾節約能源而關掉空調,但是,拜託,天氣這麼熱,請不要猶豫涼快一下」。 Next Article Topic: Penguins at a Japanese aquarium are being fed cheaper fish - and they aren't happy 日本水族館的企鵝被餵食較便宜的魚—牠們不開心 An aquarium employee waves a mackerel near a penguin - but there's no reaction. When she moves the fish closer to its beak, the penguin turns away haughtily. An otter sniffs the fish, then runs away. 一名水族館員工拿著鯖魚在一隻企鵝身邊揮舞,但是企鵝沒反應。當她把魚靠近企鵝嘴邊,這隻企鵝倨傲地別過頭。一隻水獺聞了聞這隻鯖魚,然後游走。 Before, the Hakone-en Aquarium offered penguins and otters "aji," or Japanese horse mackerel, which the animals readily ate. 箱根園水族館之前給企鵝和水獺吃日本竹筴魚,牠們很樂意吃。 The price of aji has increased by 20% to 30% since last year, the aquarium said. So to cut costs, in May the aquarium switched to a cheaper alternative - "saba," or mackerel. 水族館說,自去年以來,竹夾魚價格已經上漲20%到30%。因此,為了削減成本,館方五月改用較便宜的替代品:鯖魚。 It has not been well received. The aquarium says penguins and otters have their preferred type of fish and the aquarium tries its best to accommodate their needs. 但是此舉並不很受到歡迎。水族館說,企鵝和水獺都有牠們偏好的魚種,館方設法盡量滿足他們的需要。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1530996 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1532193 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    15Mins Live Special Podcast - Pubu飽讀電子書一分鐘跟讀挑戰

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2022 80:55


    Pubu x 通勤學英語 飽讀電子書一分鐘跟讀挑戰 愛看英語學習雜誌的你不需看預算只買一兩本了!John老師今天來跟大家推薦一個能夠解決你困擾的強大電子書平台 Pubu Pubu 「飽讀電子書方案」,我認為就是英語學習雜誌的Netflix!只要每日不到3塊錢就可以讓你把書店裡的熱門英文雜誌像CNN互動英文、空中美語、長春藤、LiveABC等都讀到飽!無限暢讀,把你的學習一站隨身帶著走~ Pubu平台重點特色:熱門雜誌、暢銷書籍應有盡有書籍類別保括英語學習、財經、新聞、時尚、親子語音功能能將電子書變成有聲書一個帳號可以登入七個裝置 Pubu X 通勤學英語 飽讀電子書優惠:點此訂閱半年方案(原價$894 )打59折,只要$529 - 每日不到三塊一年方案(原價$1,788 )打55折,只要$999 - 每日不到兩塊半 即日起到2022/08/30 申辦半年或年方案,Pubu會加碼送: 福利1: 送購書金$50,購書即可立享折扣!! 福利2: 申辦年方案, 可以再抽五台P47 耳罩式藍牙耳機。 --------------------------- 跟讀挑戰規則: 每組挑戰有個別文章 (於CNN互動英語 No.263 八月號),需透過跟讀聽力來完美詮釋 1. Rhythm 語速 2. Tone 語調 3. Pronunciation 發音 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K435: About Zimbabwe - 辛巴威推出金幣與在墓地運動的居民

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 15, 2022 3:21


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K435: About Zimbabwe - Zimbabwe to introduce gold coins as local currency tumbles Zimbabwe's central bank said it would start selling gold coins this month as a store of value to tame runaway inflation, which has considerably weakened the local currency. 辛巴威中央銀行本月即將開始販賣金幣作為價值儲存,以抑制失控的通貨膨脹,通膨已大幅削弱當地貨幣。 The central bank governor John Mangudya said in a statement that the coins will be available for sale from July 25 in local currency, U.S. dollars and other foreign currencies at a price based on the prevailing international price of gold and the cost of production. 央行行長強.曼谷迪亞在聲明中說:7月25日起,金幣將可以使用當地貨幣、美元和其他外幣來出售,價格則是基於當時的國際黃金價格和生產成本。 The "Mosi-oa-tunya" coin, named after Victoria falls, can be converted into cash and be traded locally and internationally, the central bank said. 央行表示,以維多利亞瀑布命名的莫西奧圖尼亞金幣可兌換成現金,並在當地和國際間交易買賣。 The gold coin will contain one troy ounce of gold and will be sold by Fidelity Gold Refinery, Aurex and local banks, it added. 央行補充說明,金幣含有一金衡盎司黃金,由Fidelity黃金鑄造廠、奧瑞和當地銀行出售。 Gold coins are used by investors internationally to hedge against inflation and wars. 金幣被國際投資客用來作為抵擋通膨和戰爭的避險手段。 Zimbabwe more than doubled its policy rate to 200% from 80% and outlined plans to make the U.S. dollar legal tender for the next five years to boost confidence. 辛巴威將其政策利率調整了一倍以上,從80%調升到200%,初步規劃五年內讓美元成為法定貨幣以提升信心。 Next Article In Zimbabwe, a cemetery has become an exercise hotspot 在辛巴威,墓地成為運動熱門地點 Caroline Vumbunu believes that exercising among the dead helps prolong her life. 卡洛琳.馮布努相信在死人群中運動能夠幫助延長壽命。 Every morning, the 59-year-old takes power walks in the Warren Hills cemetery in Zimbabwe's capital. 每天早上,59歲的馮布努在辛巴威首都的華倫丘墓地健走。 She's not alone. The cemetery has become a workout site for dozens of other Zimbabweans due to a lack of gyms and other exercise venues in many Harare neighborhoods. 她並不孤單。由於在哈拉雷許多社區缺乏健身房與其他運動場所,墓地成為數十名辛巴威人的健身地點。 The dozens of men and women broke up into groups for routines led by instructors. Dressed in colorful tracksuits, they did pushups and crunches on a cemetery road bordered by countless graves. 數十名男女在教練的帶領下,分成幾隊進行例行訓練。他們身著五顏六色的運動服,在一條與數不清的墳墓接壤的墓地小徑上,做伏地挺身及仰臥起坐。 Those who come here in search of fitness among the more than 20,000 graves enjoy the serene environment. There are few distractions besides the occasional service vehicles or people driving by to visit the final resting places of their loved ones. 這些在超過2萬個墳墓間尋求健身的人,享受這種安詳的環境。除了偶爾經過的服務工作車或是前來至親愛人最後安歇地悼念的民眾外,很少有令人分心的事物。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1530346 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/922698 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K436: About movies - 獨行俠超越鐵達尼號票房與綠野仙蹤

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2022 3:27


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K436: About movies - Top Gun: Maverick Flies Past Titanic as Paramount's Highest-Grossing Movie at Domestic Box Office Top Gun: Maverick has officially become Paramount Pictures' highest-grossing movie in the United States and Canada, surpassing Titanic. 「捍衛戰士:獨行俠」,正式成為派拉蒙影業在美加地區最高票房電影,超過「鐵達尼號」。 While the 1997 romance-disaster epic technically racked up close to $660 million at the domestic box office including both its original run and several subsequent re-releases, it earned $600.8 million on its first run — a number that has now been surpassed by Maverick. 儘管這部1997年的浪漫災難鉅作包括首輪上映和之後幾次重新發行,在國內的實際票房累計達到接近6億6000萬美元,但該片首輪上映賺進6億零80萬美元—這個數字現在被「獨行俠」超越了。 The sequel to 1986's Top Gun has raked in $601.9 million domestically to date since its May 27 release, according to Box Office Mojo. 根據票房統計網站「票房魔酒」,這部1986年電影「捍衛戰士」的續集,自5月27日上映至今,國內票房累積達6億零190萬美元。 Internationally, the action flick has earned $587.9 million, for a global total of $1.19 billion. 在國際市場,這部動作片已賺進5億8790萬美元,全球總票房為11億9000萬美元。 Next Article 'The Wizard of Oz' Is the Most Influential Movie of All Time-《綠野仙蹤》是史上最具影響力電影 The Wizard of Oz is the most influential film of all time, followed by Star Wars, Psycho and King Kong, according to a study. 一項研究顯示,《綠野仙蹤》是史上最具影響力的電影,其次是《星際大戰》、《驚魂記》及《金剛》。 Researchers at the University of Turin in Italy calculated an influence score for 47,000 films listed in the internet movie database (IMDb). The results showed that the top 20 most influential films were all produced before 1980, mostly in the US. 義大利都靈大學研究人員計算4萬7000部電影的影響力評分,這些作品列於網路電影資料庫(IMDb)。結果顯示,最具影響力的20部電影,都是在1980年前製作,主要集中在美國。 The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland and premiered in 1939, topped the list. It has been referenced in almost 3000 other movies, including its iconic songs like Over The Rainbow, and its most famous line 'I've a feeling we're not in Kansas anymore.' 1939年首映由茱蒂‧嘉蘭主演的《綠野仙蹤》高居榜首。該片在近3000部其他電影中被引用,包括〈彩虹之上〉等經典歌曲,以及最著名的台詞「我有預感,我們已經不在堪薩斯州了。」 Applying the same algorithm to actors, it found that Samuel Jackson, Clint Eastwood and Tom Cruise, Arnold Schwarzenegger and John Wayne made up the top five. 這項研究對演員應用相同的演算法,發現山繆傑克森、克林伊斯威特、湯姆克魯斯、阿諾史瓦辛格及約翰韋恩為最具影響力的五大演員。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1537363 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1256544 歡迎留言告訴我們你對這一集的想法: https://open.firstory.me/user/cl81kivnk00dn01wffhwxdg2s/comments Powered by Firstory Hosting

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.136: 花生不是堅果?食物與名字毫無相關的冷知識 Peanut is not a nut - Food that has nothing to do with its name

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 20:15


    Summary: Around the world, there are many foods that has nothing to do with their names. Some are based on place, and some are based on the food paired. In this episode, Angel and I chat about food trivia and go through the foods that have nothing to do with their names. Do you know of any foods like that Comment down below!   Vocabulary: Trivia n. 不重要的知識/冷知識 Food trivia can be used as an interesting conversation starter. 食物相關冷知識可以當作開啟話題的有趣議題。 Filling n. 內餡/填充物 Sun cake does not come from the sun and has no sun as its filling. 太陽餅不是從太陽來的,也不是把太陽當內餡。 Pomme frites n. 炸薯條(比利時) Pomme frites are just plain fries with a Belgian origin. Pomme frites是緣起比利時的炸薯條。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K434: 疫後明星重返舞台 觀眾仍未回座

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 4:05


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K434: Stars Return to Fill the Stage, But Gaze at Many Empty Seats   Patti LuPone, Hugh Jackman and Daniel Craig came back to Broadway. Dancers filled stages, symphonies reverberated in concert halls and international theater companies returned to American stages. 佩蒂盧彭、休傑克曼、丹尼爾克雷格回到百老匯。舞者登上舞台,交響樂在音樂廳內迴盪,國際劇團重返美國舞台。 The resumption of live performance after the long pandemic shutdown brought plenty to cheer about over the past year. But from regional theaters to Broadway, and from local orchestras to grand opera houses, performing arts organizations are reporting persistent drops in attendance. 經歷長時間疫情封鎖後,現場演出得以恢復,這在過去一年裡帶來很多歡呼,但從地方劇院到百老匯,從地方管弦樂隊到大型歌劇院,演藝組織均報告說,觀眾人數持續下滑。 Many presenters anticipate that the softer box office will extend into the upcoming season and perhaps beyond. And some fear that the virus is accelerating long-term trends that have troubled arts organizations for years, including softer ticket sales for many classical music events, the decline of the subscription model for selling tickets at many performing arts organizations, and the increasing tendency among consumers to purchase tickets at the last minute. 許多出品人預期,疲弱票房將延續到下一季,甚至更久。一些人擔心,病毒正讓困擾藝術機構多年的長期趨勢加速,包括許多古典音樂活動門票銷售疲軟,許多演藝團體銷售門票的訂閱模式正逐步下滑,以及消費者愈來愈傾向於最後一刻購票。 The concert industry, which attracts younger patrons than many other performing arts sectors, has been a real bright spot. Live Nation, the global concert giant, recently reported that it had sold 100 million tickets for the full year, more than in 2019. 與其他表演藝術領域相比,吸引更年輕顧客的演唱會產業一直是個真正亮點。全球演唱會產業龍頭Live Nation近來公布財報表示,該公司全年賣出1億張門票,比2019年多。 But scattered hits and crowded concerts can distract from the reality that, for most classical and theatrical institutions and shows, attendance is down, ticket prices are depressed, productions are fewer, and memberships or subscriptions have fallen. 然而,零星的叫座演出和擁擠的演唱會,可能會分散人們對現實的注意力。對大多數古典和戲劇單位及秀場來說,觀眾數下跌、票價下降、製作減少、會員或訂閱人數下滑。 Broadway offers the most obvious (and stark) evidence of diminished attendance and its economic consequences. During the 2021-22 season, which started slow and late as the industry gradually reopened, there were 6,860 performances seen by 6.7 million people, grossing $845 million. By contrast, during the 2018-19 season, the last full season before the pandemic, there were 13,590 performances seen by 14.8 million people, grossing $1.8 billion. 百老匯提供了最明顯(且赤裸裸)的證據,證明觀眾減少及其造成的經濟後果。由於這個產業緩步重啟,2021至22演出季較慢且較晚開始,這一季有6860場演出,670萬人觀看,票房收入8.45億美元。相較之下,2018至19年,也就是疫情爆發前最後一個完整演出季,共有1萬3590場演出,1480萬人觀看,票房收入18億美元。 Even far from Broadway, numbers are mostly down. 即便在遠離百老匯的地方,數字也大多是下滑的。 “I'd be a liar if I said I was happy,” said Brian Kelsey, managing director of Peninsula Players Theatre in Door County, Wisconsin. “I don't know if people are out of the habit or unaware or if the clientele that had come is now more interested in outdoor beer gardens, I just know that we're definitely seeing a downturn.” 威斯康辛州多爾郡半島演員劇院總經理布萊恩.凱爾西表示:「如果我說我很高興,那我就是在說謊。我不知道人們是出於習慣還是沒意識到,還是曾來過的客人現在對戶外啤酒花園更感興趣,我只知道我們絕對見證了景氣低迷。」Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6584988

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K433: 加州最後一座核電廠前途未卜

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 11, 2022 3:54


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K433: The Future of California's Last Nuclear Power Plant   At a gathering of nuclear professionals and enthusiasts in Anaheim, California, a couple of months ago, the tenor of the conversations about the Diablo Canyon Power Plant — California's last operating nuclear reactor — turned inconceivably hopeful. 數月前,在加州安那罕一場核專業人士與愛好者的聚會上,關於加州最後一座正在運行的核電廠魔鬼谷電廠的討論基調,變得不可思議地充滿希望。 The American Nuclear Society's convention, held for four days in the shadow of Mickey Mouse, could not have picked a better venue to uplift spirits. And no one flashed a bigger grin than Gene Nelson, a standout not just for his towering height but also for his signature headbands and his yearslong campaign to keep Diablo Canyon running beyond a planned shutdown by the end of 2025. 這場在米老鼠陰影下舉行4天的美國核子學會大會,沒有比這更好的地方來振奮精神。沒有人比吉恩.尼爾森笑得更開心了。他引人注目,不只因為高大的身材,還有他的招牌髮帶,以及他多年來一直努力,希望讓預計2025年底關閉的魔鬼谷電廠能持續運轉。 “I thought our chances were zero,” Nelson, a government liaison for Californians for Green Nuclear Power, told the conference attendees about the effort to maintain nuclear power in the state. “What has happened since then, it's been like a snowball.” 尼爾森是「加州人挺綠色核能」組織的政府聯絡員,他向與會者報告加州維持核能的行動說:「我還以為我們沒機會了,從那之後發生的事情就像滾雪球一樣。」 Pushing that snowball is Gov. Gavin Newsom. Although it seemed improbable that Diablo Canyon's supporters could overcome the numerous challenges to maintain the plant's operations, a lot has changed and those hurdles appear to be getting swallowed up in the growing clean energy movement. 推動這個雪球的是州長紐森。儘管魔鬼谷的支持者似乎不太可能克服眾多挑戰來維持電廠運作,但很多事情已發生變化,而且那些障礙顯然正被日益增長的清潔能源運動消除。 Last month, Newsom proposed a measure that would provide a forgivable loan of $1.4 billion to the plant's owner to help resolve permitting, licensing and cost issues. The California Assembly would need to pass the legislation and have it signed in September to make the whole idea possible. 上個月,紐森提出一項措施,將向電廠擁有者提供14億美元可免除貸款,幫忙解決許可、發照及成本問題。加州議會將必須透過這項立法,並於9月簽署,才能讓整個想法成為可能。 In addition, the U.S. Energy Department made $6 billion available to nuclear plant owners to help keep existing facilities operating. 此外,美國能源部向核電廠擁有者提供60億美元,協助維持現有設施運作。 Gunda presented during a public conversation last month about the prospect of continuing the operations at Diablo, which produces about 9% of the state's electricity. 上月一次公開談話中,加州能源委員會成員之一席瓦.岡達談及魔鬼谷繼續運作的前景。魔鬼谷發電量約占該州發電量的9%。 Even authors of a Stanford University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology report supporting the extension of Diablo Canyon noted that one of the two units had to be taken offline in 2020, the last time California experienced rolling blackouts. That has prompted some to urge caution. 就連史丹福大學和麻省理工學院一份支持魔鬼谷延役報告的作者也指出,兩座機組其中之一在2020年必須停機時,就是加州最近一次經歷輪流停電之時。這促使一些人呼籲要謹慎行事。 “I was a little bit heartbroken by the governor's proposal,” said Najmedin Meshkati, an engineering professor at the University of Southern California who has inspected many nuclear plants throughout the world. “The word safety is only mentioned once in passing. They really need to bend over backward and go the extra mile to ensure the safety and reliability issues.” 曾赴世界許多核電廠視察的南加大工程學教授納吉米丁.梅許卡蒂說:「州長的提議讓我有點心碎。安全這個字只順便提到一次。他們真的必須盡力且付出更多努力,來確保安全性和可靠性的問題。」Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6584967

    回顧星期天LBS - 能源相關時事趣聞 All about energy

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2022 9:43


    Topic: A Monster Wind Turbine Is Upending an Industry Twirling above a strip of land at the mouth of Rotterdam's harbor is a wind turbine so large it is difficult to photograph. The turning diameter of its rotor is longer than two American football fields end to end. Later models will be taller than any building on the mainland of Western Europe. 鹿特丹港口一處狹長土地上,有座風力發電機在轉動,規模大到難以近距離拍攝,葉片旋轉直徑比兩座美式足球場接起來還長,日後更新版的風機將比西歐大陸上任何建物都高。 Packed with sensors gathering data on wind speeds, electricity output and stresses on its components, the giant whirling machine in the Netherlands is a test model for a new series of giant offshore wind turbines planned by General Electric. When assembled in arrays, the wind machines have the potential to power cities, supplanting the emissions-spewing coal- or natural gas-fired plants that form the backbones of many electric systems today. 這個位於荷蘭的巨型旋轉機器,是奇異公司所規畫新系列巨型離岸風機的測試模型,配備了收集風速、電力輸出及各零件所受應力數據的感應器。這些風機若以陣列布建,具備為城市供電的潛力,取代大量排放廢氣、組成當今許多發電系統骨幹的燃煤或燃氣發電廠。 GE has yet to install one of these machines in ocean water. As a relative newcomer to the offshore wind business, the company faces questions about how quickly and efficiently it can scale up production to build and install hundreds of the turbines. 奇異公司尚未在海上安裝此類機器。奇異在離岸風電業堪稱新兵,面臨的問題是,能多快、多有效地擴大生產規模,以建造並安裝數百座風機。 But already the giant turbines have turned heads in the industry. A top executive at the world's leading wind farm developer called it a “bit of a leapfrog over the latest technology.” And an analyst said the machine's size and advance sales had “shaken the industry.” 然而這種巨型風機已在業界引起轟動。全球頂尖風場開發商的一位高管稱其為「超越最新技術的一次飛躍」。一位分析師表示,這款機器的尺寸與預售量「撼動了整個產業」。 The prototype is the first of a generation of new machines that are about a third more powerful than the largest already in commercial service. As such, it is changing the business calculations of wind equipment makers, developers and investors. 這是新世代風機的第一個原型機,新世代風機功能比已在商業運轉的最大風機還要強三分之一左右。因此,它正在改變風力設備製造商、開發商與投資人的盤算。 The GE machines will have a generating capacity that would have been almost unimaginable a decade ago. A single one will be able to turn out 13 megawatts of power, enough to light up a town of roughly 12,000 homes. 奇異的風機將具有十年前幾乎無法想像的發電能力,一座就能產生13百萬瓦電力,足夠點亮約有1.2萬戶家庭的小鎮。 The turbine is capable of producing as much thrust as the four engines of a Boeing 747 jet, according to GE, and will be deployed at sea, where developers have learned that they can plant larger and more numerous turbines than on land to capture breezes that are stronger and more reliable. 奇異表示,這種風機能產生相當於波音747飛機四具引擎的推力,將部署在海上,開發商已經知道在海上能安裝比陸上更大也更多的風機,以捕捉更強也更可靠的風。 The race to build bigger turbines has moved faster than many industry figures foresaw. GE's Haliade-X generates almost 30 times more electricity than the first offshore machines installed off Denmark in 1991. 建造更大風機的競賽步調比許多業內人士預測的要快。奇異的Haliade-X風機,發電量幾乎是1991年安裝於丹麥近海的第一座離岸風機的30倍。 In coming years, customers are likely to demand even bigger machines, industry executives say. On the other hand, they predict that turbines will reach a point at which greater size no longer makes economic sense. 業界高層表示,未來幾年顧客很可能要求更大的機器。另一方面,他們預測,風機遲早會來到再大就不合經濟效益的時刻。 Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/5180307   Next Article   Topic: A Scary Energy Winter Is Coming. Don't Blame the Greens. Every so often the tectonic geopolitical plates that hold up the world economy suddenly shift in ways that can rattle and destabilize everything on the surface. That's happening right now in the energy sphere. 有時候,承載世界經濟的地緣政治板塊會突然移動,把地表每樣東西搖得嘎嘎作響。這種事現在就在能源領域發生。 Several forces are coming together that could make Vladimir Putin the king of Europe, enable Iran to thumb its nose at America and build an atomic bomb, and disrupt European power markets enough that the upcoming United Nations climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland, could suffer blackouts owing to too little clean energy. 有幾股勢力正在匯聚,能使俄國總統普亭成為歐洲之王,使伊朗有本錢不把美國放在眼裡,進而造出原子彈,並足以打亂歐洲能源市場,讓即將登場的英國蘇格蘭格拉斯哥聯合國氣候大會可能會因為潔淨能源太少而停電。 Yes, this is a big one. 沒錯,問題很大。 Natural gas and coal prices in Europe and Asia just hit their highest levels on record, oil prices in America hit a seven-year high and U.S. gasoline prices are up $1 a gallon from last year. If this winter is as bad as some experts predict — with some in the poor and middle classes unable to heat their homes — I fear we'll see a populist backlash to the whole climate/green movement. You can already smell that coming in Britain. 歐亞兩洲的天然氣和煤價剛剛達到史上最高,美國原油價格創七年新高,而汽油價格每加侖比去年上漲1美元。如果今年冬天跟一些專家預測的一樣糟,一些貧窮和中產階級人家負擔不起取暖費用,我擔心會出現針對整個氣候和綠能運動的民粹反彈。在英國已經可以嗅到這個跡象。 How did we get here? In truth, it's a good-news-bad-news story. 我們怎會走到這一步?其實,這是個好消息壞消息都有的故事。 The good news is that every major economy has signed onto reducing its carbon footprint by phasing out dirtier fuels like coal to heat homes and to power industries. The bad news is that most nations are doing it in totally uncoordinated ways, from the top down, and before the market has produced sufficient clean renewables like wind, solar and hydro. 好消息是,每個主要經濟體都已同意,透過逐步淘汰煤炭這類比較髒的燃料給家庭取暖和給產業供電,減少碳足跡。壞消息則是,多數國家這麼做的時候完全沒有互相協調,由上而下執行,而且市場還沒製造出足夠多的風力、太陽能和水力等清潔能源。 But how did the bad-news side of this story emerge so fast? 這個故事的壞消息面為何這麼快出現? Blame COVID-19. First, the pandemic erupted and signaled to every major economy that we were headed for a deep recession. This sent prices of all kinds of commodities, including oil and gas, into downward spirals. 要怪新冠肺炎。首先,疫情爆發,對每個重要經濟體而言意味我們正走向深度衰退,使原油、天然氣等各類大宗商品價格走軟。 This, in turn, led banks to choke off investment in new natural gas capacity and crude wells after seven years of already declining investments in these hydrocarbons because of lousy returns. 這進而使銀行停止投資擴充天然氣產能和油井。銀行已減少投資這些碳氫化合物達七年,因為報酬率很差。 As Bill Gates points out in his smart book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” the only way to reach our climate targets is to shift production of all the big heavy industries, like steel, cement and automobiles, as well as how we heat our homes and power our cars, to electricity generated from clean energy. Safe and affordable nuclear power has to be part of our mix because, Gates argues, “it is the only carbon-free, scalable energy source that's available 24 hours a day.” 就像微軟創辦人蓋茲在他那本睿智的書「如何避免氣候災難」指出的,達成氣候目標的唯一方法是,改變所有重工業如鋼鐵、水泥、汽車業等的生產方式,以及我們在家取暖和為愛車提供動力的方式,轉而用潔淨能源發電。蓋茲主張必須接納安全可負擔的核能,因為「這是唯一不產生二氧化碳又能擴增的能源來源,每天24小時供應」。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/5820545   Next Article   Topic: Londoners are better off returning to the office as bills soar City of London workers looking to save money may want to embrace the office over winter as the cost of working from home soars alongside energy bills. 在家工作的成本隨著能源費用的飆升一起上漲,因此到了冬天,想要省錢的倫敦城上班族可能會希望進辦公室上班。 Those prepared to go into the office every day could save about €50 (US$60) per week in January 2023 if they can walk, run or cycle into their workplace. That's thanks to the money they've saved by not heating a home for the whole day, according to estimates by price comparison site Uswitch. 公室的人若可以走路、跑步或騎自行車到工作地點的話,在二○二三年一月,每週可節省約五十英鎊(六十美元)。根據價格比較網站Uswitch的估計,他們之所以省下這些錢,是因為家裡整天都不開暖氣。 Those working from home in January could expect to pay around €175 a week in energy costs and other incidentals included in Bloomberg's calculations such as buying in your own coffee, a freebie in many offices. The combined cost of energy bills — factoring in the lower consumption expected — and five return trips on the Tube from London's Zone 4 would be about €160 a week in January 2023, a €15 saving. 一月份在家工作的人預計每週要支付大約一百七十五英鎊的能源費用,以及彭博社所計算出的其他雜費,例如自費買咖啡——很多辦公室會免費供應咖啡。二○二三年一月能源帳單的總成本(以預期較低的花費計算),加上由倫敦第四區坐地鐵來上班來回五次,每週將花費約一百六十英鎊,因此跟在家工作相比,到辦公室上班節省了十五英鎊。 For those taking the bus, the total cost is about €140, a €35 weekly saving. In both cases, any rise in the cost of the commute will eat into those savings. 坐公車上班的人,總花費則約為一百四十英鎊,每週可節省三十五英鎊。在坐地鐵和公車這兩種情況下,任何通勤成本的增加都會消耗所省下的錢。 Uswitch estimates that the average monthly energy bill could hit €683 in January for home workers, compared to €492 for those heading to the office. It assumes remote workers use 25 percent more electricity and 75 percent more gas per day including from central heating. Uswitch估計,在家工作的人,一月份的平均能源費用可能會達到六百八十三英鎊,而到辦公室上班的人則為四百九十二英鎊。這是假設遠距上班的人每天多使用百分之二十五的電力,以及多百分之七十五的瓦斯,包括用於中央暖氣。 Coping Mechanism “People are going to be really struggling to heat their own homes and they are going to look for warmth in other places — we know that is a coping mechanism that people use, whether that is going to a public space, such as a library or a church maybe, or whether it's going to work when you usually would work from home” Matt Copeland, policy officer at National Energy Action said. “Those are the options people will consider and people will take to actually find warmth.” 因應機制 「要把自己家裡變暖將是難以負擔的窘境,所以人們會到其他地方取暖——我們知道這是一種因應機制,無論是去公共場所,比如圖書館或教堂,或是在你通常在家工作的時候到辦公室上班」,國家能源行動組織政策主管馬特‧科普蘭表示。「人們會考慮和採用這些選項,而實際上找到暖源」。 The incentive to come into the office is likely to be welcomed by some in the City of London, where finance bosses have been pushing for a return to the office. Right now less than half of workers in the UK's banking sector go into the office on an average day, and just 18 percent of insurance sector employees do so, according to a survey by consultancy Advanced Workplace Associates.準備每天去辦 對於這進辦公室的動機,倫敦城某些人可能會樂見其成。這些金融業老闆一直在推動員工重返辦公室。根據諮詢公司Advanced Workplace Associates的一項調查,目前英國銀行業平均只有不到一半的員工進辦公室上班,而保險業只有百分之十八的員工這麼做。source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/08/23/2003783959

    15Mins Live Podcast - 英語慣用語系列 – 上學相關慣用語 School and Studying related Idioms

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 9, 2022 78:42


    即刻加入15Mins通勤學英語直播室,每週一9pm等你來說英文 : https://15minsengcafe.pse.is/46hm8k   PUT / GET YOUR THINKING CAP ON 認真思考 To engage your mind and think in a serious manner. We need to figure out how we're going to solve this problem. So, let's put our thinking caps on! DRAW A BLANK ㄧ無所獲,毫無回應 To fail to get an answer or result / to fail to remember something. He asked me for my phone number and I drew a blank - I just couldn't remember it. COVER A LOT OF GROUND涉及面廣 When a lot of work needs to be completed. If there is a lot of research to be done, or material to get through. Our team have done so well over the past two weeks, we've managed to cover so much ground that I feel this programme may be ready by the end of this month! We have to complete our research within the next month. We still have a lot of ground to cover, and I fear we may not get everything done in time.   LEARN (SOMETHING) BY HEART / OFF BY HEART背起來 To memorise something so well, that it can be written or recited without thinking. I can't believe you learnt the whole Macbeth play by heart! Well done! She learnt all the compositions by Beethoven off by heart!   SCHOOL SOMEONE IN SOMETHING 教育某人某事 To train, discipline or coach someone in something. She schooled her brother in patience.   CUT CLASS / PLAY HOOKY / SKIP CLASS 翹課 When someone does not go to their lessons. David has been cutting class again; I haven't seen him in any of our French lessons for the past week! They played hooky at college so they could be first in line for the concert tickets. The teacher told his parents that he'd been skipping classes! He's not allowed to go out with us now.   練習時間: 請使用二到三個慣用語來分享自身校園/學習體驗 Use two to three idioms to share a story about your schooling or studies.

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K432: About SKorea - 貓引發多起住宅火災與銀髮海嘯

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 8, 2022 3:23


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K432: About SKorea - Cats caused more than 100 house fires in the past 3 years, South Korea officials say   Pet owners in South Korea have been warned to stay on their guard after more than 100 fires were started by cats over the past three years, according to fire officials in the capital Seoul. 南韓首都首爾的消防官員表示,貓在過去3年引發超過100起火災,警告寵物飼主保持警覺。 A statement Thursday from the Seoul Metropolitan Fire and Disaster Department said cats caused a total of 107 house fires between January 2019 and November 2021. 首爾大都會消防與災難部門週四發表的一份聲明說,從2019年1月到2021年11月,貓總共引發107起住宅火災。 The cats are believed to have started the fires by switching on electric stoves, the department said. Cats can turn electric stoves on by jumping on touch-sensitive buttons – and once overheated, the appliances can catch fire. 該部門說,據信是貓打開電爐開關而引發火災。貓能夠藉由跳上觸動感應式按鈕而打開電爐──而電爐一旦過熱,就會起火。 Four people were injured in the fires, just over half of which started while pet owners were out, the statement added. 該聲明補充說,這些火災中有4人受傷,其中過半數火災發生於飼主不在家之際。   Next Article   'Silver tsunami' threatens to wipe out S. Korean rural communities 「銀色海嘯」恐令南韓偏鄉社區滅村   By 2030, a quarter of all South Koreans will be over 65 years old, and the overall population is expected to peak at around 52 million the same year before entering a period of steady decline. 2030年前,南韓總人口的4分之1,年齡將逾65歲,在進入穩定減少期前,總人口預計同年達高峰,約5200萬人。 Nestled among mountains and known for its mushrooms and apples, Gunwi county boasted a population of more than 70,000 in the 1980s. That number now stands at 24,000 with nearly 40 percent over 65 years old - one of the highest ratios in South Korea. (慶尚北道)軍威郡坐落在群山間,以蘑菇和蘋果聞名,1980年代曾擁有7萬多名人口。目前人口為2萬4000,近4成人口逾65歲,係全南韓比例最高的地方之一。 Childbirth has become so rare that there isn't a single obstetrician or maternity ward in the entire county, and more than 20 elementary, middle and high schools have closed since the 1990s. South Korea has a fertility rate of 1.19 births per woman - the lowest among OECD member nations. 因出生率太低,導致整個軍威郡沒有任何婦產科醫師或產房,且自1990年代以來,20幾間小學、中學及高中已廢校。南韓每名婦女的生育率為1.19個孩子,在經濟合作暨發展組織(OECD)會員國中墊底。 Gunwi officials have done what they can to rejuvenate the county, offering free school lunches and cash incentives for couples having a third child. The central government has launched similar schemes across the country, pumping more than 80 trillion won since 2006 into programmes aimed at encouraging people to marry young and have larger families, according to health ministry data. 為讓軍威郡年輕化,當地官員已盡其所能,提供免費的學校營養午餐和發放現金獎勵予生第三胎的夫妻。根據南韓保健福祉部數據,中央政府已在全國實施類似方案,自2006年以來對該計畫挹注逾80兆韓元,旨在鼓勵民眾早點結婚,並組織較大的家庭。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1535135 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1014153

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K431: About the Philippines - 美人魚次文化與速食店玩具收藏家

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 7, 2022 3:26


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K431: About the Philippines - Growing ‘mermaiding' subculture makes a splash   There was a pivotal moment in Queen Pangke Tabora's life that eclipsed all others: It was the moment, she says, when she first slid her legs into a mermaid tail. 在潘奇.塔波拉皇后的生命中,有一個關鍵時刻令其它時刻都黯然失色:她說,就是當她第一次把雙腳滑進一個美人魚尾巴的時刻。 For the transgender Filipina woman approaching middle age, seeing her legs encased in vibrant, scaly-looking neoprene three years ago was the realization of a childhood dream. And it marked the beginning of her immersion into a watery world where she would find acceptance. 對這位即將步入中年的菲律賓跨性別女性來說,三年前看到她的雙腿被包覆在充滿活力、鱗片狀的紐普韌橡膠中,是兒時夢想的實現。代表著她開始沉浸在一個自己能夠獲得接受的水世界。 The former insurance company worker described the experience of gliding under water, half-human and half-fish, as “meditation in motion.”“The feeling was mermai-zing,”Tabora said one recent morning while lounging in a fiery red tail on a rocky beach south of Manila, where she now teaches mermaiding and freediving full-time. 這位保險公司前員工把在水下滑行、半人半魚的經驗描述成「運動中的冥想」。最近一個早晨在馬尼拉南方一處礁石海灘休息時,身著火紅魚尾服的塔波拉說,「這種美人魚的感覺太驚人了」,她在這裡全職教授如何像美人魚般游泳和自由潛水。 In recent years, a growing number have gleefully flocked to mermaid conventions and competitions, formed local groups called“pods,” launched mermaid magazines and poured their savings into a multimillion-dollar mermaid tail industry. 在最近幾年,越來越多人歡喜地湧向美人魚大會和競賽,形成各個叫做「pods」的地方團體,發行美人魚雜誌,把他們的積蓄投入這個價值數百萬美元的美人魚尾巴行業。   Next Article   Philippine collector amasses super-sized collection of fast-food restaurant toys 菲律賓收藏家蒐集極大量速食餐廳玩具   From the age of 5, Filipino graphic artist Percival Lugue has had a passion for collecting toys from fast-food restaurant chains like McDonald's, Burger King and home-country favorite Jollibee. 菲律賓平面設計師帕西瓦爾‧魯格,從5歲開始就滿腔熱血地蒐集麥當勞、漢堡王及當地人最愛的快樂蜂等速食連鎖餐廳的玩具。 Now, the 50-year-old has about 20,000 toys packed from floor to ceiling in his home and holds a Guinness World Record from 2014, when his collection reached more than 10,000 items. 現在,50歲的魯格擁有約2萬組玩具,在家裡從地板堆到天花板,且2014年起持續保持金氏世界紀錄,當時他收藏的玩具已超過1萬組。 Lugue built his home especially to house his collection. He likens the excitement that getting new toys gives him to Christmas morning. "The toy is like a storyteller in itself." 魯格蓋了自己的房子就是為了放藏品,他把得到新玩具的興奮感比擬成耶誕節早晨,「玩具本身就像個說故事的人。」 While most of his toys were obtained through personal purchases, some were donated by friends and family. 儘管大部分玩具都是他自己花錢買的,但也有朋友和家人送的。 His dream now is to eventually put his collection on display for the public or even open a museum to "give others a chance to revisit their own childhood memories." 他現在的夢想是,最終可以向大眾展示他的藏品,甚至開一間博物館,「讓其他人有機會重溫自己的童年記憶。」Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1529024 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1464916

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.135: 社群媒體與選舉 Elections and social media

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 6, 2022 19:59


    Pubu飽讀電子書 通勤家族獨家優惠:點此享有訂閱優惠 Pubu 「飽讀電子書方案」,英語學習雜誌的Netflix!只要每日不到3塊錢就可以讓你把書店裡的熱門英文雜誌像CNN互動英文、空中美語、長春藤、LiveABC等都讀到飽!無限暢讀,把你的學習一站隨身帶著走~ Pubu平台重點特色: 熱門雜誌、暢銷書籍應有盡有 書籍類別保括英語學習、財經、新聞、時尚、親子 語音功能能將電子書變成有聲書 一個帳號可以登入七個裝置 馬上把學習一站隨身帶著走:點此享有通勤學英語 X Pubu飽讀優惠   即日起到2022/09/30 申辦半年或年方案,Pubu會加碼送: 福利1: 送購書金$50,購書即可立享折扣!! 福利2: 申辦年方案, 可以再抽五台P47 耳罩式藍牙耳機。   Summary: Election season is around the corner in Taiwan. This time, we would have to elect our mayors and city councilman. The US, with the mid-terms coming up, is bracing for the social media hype. Social media platforms, since the last election, is now cracking down on misinformation and regulating political advertising. In this episode, Angel and I chat about what the platforms are doing to regulate political ads. Have you seen any political ads and campaign information on your social media platform? Comment down below!   Vocabulary: Municipal election 直轄市長選舉 The municipal election and local election will take place on November 22nd this year. 直轄市與地方選舉會在11月22日舉行。 Sponsored ads / Paid ads 贊助商廣告/付費廣告 Social media platforms are required to mark politically sponsored ads. 社群媒體平台必須標示有政治贊助的廣告。 Clickbait n. 釣魚文 Content farms often use clickbait headlines to get more clicks. 內容農場常常使用釣魚文標題來增加更多點擊。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K430: 恐龍時代可能在春天結束

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 5, 2022 3:48


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K430: The Dinosaur Age May Have Ended in Springtime   The dinosaur-killing meteor hit in spring. 殺死恐龍的流星是在春天撞擊地球。 That is the conclusion of scientists who examined the bones of fish that died on that day when a 6-mile-wide asteroid collided with Earth. 這是科學家們研究一顆6英里寬小行星撞上地球當天死亡的魚骨,得出的結論。 “These fishes died in spring,” said Melanie During, a graduate student at Uppsala University in Sweden and lead author of a paper published in the journal Nature. “The reign of dinosaurs ended in spring.” 一篇發表於《自然》期刊論文的主作者、瑞典烏普薩拉大學研究生梅勒妮.杜林說:「這些魚在春天死亡,恐龍的統治在春天結束。」 Scientists have known when the meteor hit — just over 66 million years ago, give or take 11,000 years — and where it hit, off the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. That ended the Cretaceous period of Earth's geological history, but even though three-quarters or more of the species of plants and animals disappeared in the mass extinction that followed, it has been hard to pinpoint fossils of anything directly killed by the meteor. 科學家們已經知道這顆流星撞擊時間,大約在6600萬年前,誤差頂多11,000年,撞擊地點則在墨西哥猶加敦半島。這起事件結束了地球地質史的白堊紀時期,但儘管四分之三或更多動植物物種在隨後的大滅絕中消失,卻很難精確找到被流星直接殺死的化石。 But in 2019, paleontologists published the discovery in southwestern North Dakota of what appeared to be a mass graveyard of creatures that died hours or days after the impact. Although North Dakota was about 2,000 miles from where the meteor hit, the seismic waves of what was the equivalent of an earthquake with a magnitude of 10 or 11 sloshed water out of the lakes and rivers and killed the fish. Tektites — small glass beads propelled into the air by the impact — rained from the skies. 但在2019年,古生物學家公布一項在北達科他州西南部的發現,當地似乎是一個在撞擊幾小時或幾天後的生物集體墓地。雖然北達科他州離隕石撞擊地約2000英里,但相當於規模10或11的地震波,讓湖水和河水濺出,殺死了魚類。被沖擊拋至空中的小玻璃珠狀玻璃隕石從天而降。 The researchers spent years exploring the site, known as Tanis, which is in the fossil-rich Hell Creek formation that stretches across four states. 研究人員花了數年時間探索這個被稱為塔尼斯的遺址,當地位在橫跨4個州、富含化石的地獄溪地層中。 With the new science results, the fossils now provide insight into the cataclysm that was previously impossible to discern. 有了新的科學成果,這些化石如今讓我們了解到以前無法辨識出的大災難資訊。 “It's amazing that we can take an event, a single moment that happened 66 million years ago — literally a rock falling down and in an instant striking the Earth — and we can pinpoint that event to a particular time of the year,” said Stephen L. Brusatte, a paleontologist at the University of Edinburgh who was not involved in the research. “I think it's a detective story of the highest caliber.” 未參與研究的愛丁堡大學古生物學家布魯塞特說:「太棒了,我們可將一個發生在6600萬年前某個時刻的事件,即岩石墜落與瞬間撞擊,確認是在一年中的某個特定時間。我認為這是一部最高水準的偵探小說。」 Animals in the Northern Hemisphere — some emerging from hibernation or giving birth to young — might have been more vulnerable to extinction. “If it was spring, then it was not very likely for many organisms to be in hibernation,” During said. 北半球動物有些剛從冬眠中甦醒或剛生下後代,可能更容易滅絕。杜林說:「如果是春天,那麼很多生物不太可能處於冬眠狀態。」

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K429: 倫敦人回公司上班比在家划算

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 4, 2022 3:54


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K429: Londoners are better off returning to the office as bills soar   City of London workers looking to save money may want to embrace the office over winter as the cost of working from home soars alongside energy bills. 在家工作的成本隨著能源費用的飆升一起上漲,因此到了冬天,想要省錢的倫敦城上班族可能會希望進辦公室上班。 Those prepared to go into the office every day could save about €50 (US$60) per week in January 2023 if they can walk, run or cycle into their workplace. That's thanks to the money they've saved by not heating a home for the whole day, according to estimates by price comparison site Uswitch. 公室的人若可以走路、跑步或騎自行車到工作地點的話,在二○二三年一月,每週可節省約五十英鎊(六十美元)。根據價格比較網站Uswitch的估計,他們之所以省下這些錢,是因為家裡整天都不開暖氣。 Those working from home in January could expect to pay around €175 a week in energy costs and other incidentals included in Bloomberg's calculations such as buying in your own coffee, a freebie in many offices. The combined cost of energy bills — factoring in the lower consumption expected — and five return trips on the Tube from London's Zone 4 would be about €160 a week in January 2023, a €15 saving. 一月份在家工作的人預計每週要支付大約一百七十五英鎊的能源費用,以及彭博社所計算出的其他雜費,例如自費買咖啡——很多辦公室會免費供應咖啡。二○二三年一月能源帳單的總成本(以預期較低的花費計算),加上由倫敦第四區坐地鐵來上班來回五次,每週將花費約一百六十英鎊,因此跟在家工作相比,到辦公室上班節省了十五英鎊。 For those taking the bus, the total cost is about €140, a €35 weekly saving. In both cases, any rise in the cost of the commute will eat into those savings. 坐公車上班的人,總花費則約為一百四十英鎊,每週可節省三十五英鎊。在坐地鐵和公車這兩種情況下,任何通勤成本的增加都會消耗所省下的錢。 Uswitch estimates that the average monthly energy bill could hit €683 in January for home workers, compared to €492 for those heading to the office. It assumes remote workers use 25 percent more electricity and 75 percent more gas per day including from central heating. Uswitch估計,在家工作的人,一月份的平均能源費用可能會達到六百八十三英鎊,而到辦公室上班的人則為四百九十二英鎊。這是假設遠距上班的人每天多使用百分之二十五的電力,以及多百分之七十五的瓦斯,包括用於中央暖氣。 Coping Mechanism “People are going to be really struggling to heat their own homes and they are going to look for warmth in other places — we know that is a coping mechanism that people use, whether that is going to a public space, such as a library or a church maybe, or whether it's going to work when you usually would work from home” Matt Copeland, policy officer at National Energy Action said. “Those are the options people will consider and people will take to actually find warmth.” 因應機制 「要把自己家裡變暖將是難以負擔的窘境,所以人們會到其他地方取暖——我們知道這是一種因應機制,無論是去公共場所,比如圖書館或教堂,或是在你通常在家工作的時候到辦公室上班」,國家能源行動組織政策主管馬特‧科普蘭表示。「人們會考慮和採用這些選項,而實際上找到暖源」。 The incentive to come into the office is likely to be welcomed by some in the City of London, where finance bosses have been pushing for a return to the office. Right now less than half of workers in the UK's banking sector go into the office on an average day, and just 18 percent of insurance sector employees do so, according to a survey by consultancy Advanced Workplace Associates.準備每天去辦 對於這進辦公室的動機,倫敦城某些人可能會樂見其成。這些金融業老闆一直在推動員工重返辦公室。根據諮詢公司Advanced Workplace Associates的一項調查,目前英國銀行業平均只有不到一半的員工進辦公室上班,而保險業只有百分之十八的員工這麼做。source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/08/23/2003783959

    回顧星期天LBS - 西班牙相關時事趣聞 All about Spain

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 3, 2022 8:58


    Topic: Spain Turns to Corruption Rehab for Officials Who Can't Stop Stealing Carlos Alburquerque isn't your typical rehab candidate. He's a 75-year-old grandfather living in Córdoba, a city in southern Spain. He was a town notary before he retired in 2015. He hasn't touched drugs or alcohol in years. 卡洛斯‧阿布奎基不是常人眼中該進勒戒所的人。他住在西班牙南部哥多華市,是個75歲的祖父。2015年退休前他是市鎮公證人。他已多年沒碰毒品和酒。 But his isn't your typical rehab program: It's an 11-month boot camp to reform corrupt Spanish officials and “reinsert” them into mainstream society. 但他接受的並非一般勒戒計畫,而是為期11個月的訓練營,目的是改造西班牙的貪官汙吏,並將他們「重新注入」主流社會。 “Repairing the damage is what is left for me in this life,” said Alburquerque, who is serving a four-year prison sentence for stealing around 400,000 euros (nearly $500,000) in his work drawing up contracts and deeds. 阿布奎基說:「這一生只求彌補過錯。」他在草擬合約和地契時私吞約40萬歐元(近50萬美元),被判入獄4年。 Over the course of 32 sessions in an austere conference room in Córdoba's penitentiary, Alburquerque will be monitored by a team of psychiatrists. He will sit for group therapy sessions with titles like “personal abilities” and “values.” He is, in some ways, the guinea pig of an experiment meant to answer an age-old question: Buried deep in the soul of a swindler like Alburquerque, might there be an honest man? 在哥多華監獄一間簡樸的會議室內進行32次療程期間,阿布奎基將受到一組精神科醫生監控。他將參加「個人能力」和「價值」等團體治療課程。某種程度上,他是一個實驗的白老鼠,實驗旨在回答一個老問題:像阿布奎基這種騙子的心靈深處,會有個誠實的自我嗎? That such a program exists in Spain may say much about the country's belief in second chances as it does about how corruption has captured the public imagination here. Flip open a newspaper or turn on the radio: You will hear of schemes, scandals and skulduggery. 西班牙有此計畫,說明該國相信第二次機會,以及貪腐問題受公眾注視。翻開報紙或打開收音機,你會聽到陰謀、醜聞與詐欺。 Ángel Luis Ortiz, a former judge who now runs Spain's prisons, said the boom-bust cycles of Spain's economy had led it to a long history of fraudsters and betrayals of public trust. 曾任法官、現在主管西班牙監獄的安赫爾‧路易斯‧歐提茲說,西班牙經濟的盛衰循環,造就了詐欺和背叛公眾信任的悠久歷史。 But at least, corruption rates in Spain were no worse than in other European nations, Ortiz said, just 5% of all crimes.It was Spain's will to rehabilitate the offenders that set it apart from the rest, Ortiz said. 歐提茲表示,西班牙貪瀆率並不比其他歐洲國家高,僅占所有刑事案件的5%。西班牙想讓罪犯自新,才是它有別於他國之處。 Nine prisons are running programs so far, which began in March. Prisoners don't get reduced sentences for joining, but officials say participating is looked on favorably when it comes time to request parole. 目前已有9所監獄實施這項從3月開始的計畫。囚犯不會因為加入而獲減刑,但參加者申請假釋時會加分。 Yet for all the volunteers, Ortiz still thinks his biggest challenge may be convincing Spain's corrupt officials that there actually might be something wrong with them. 雖有不少人自願參加,歐提茲仍認為,最大挑戰可能在於讓西班牙的貪腐官員相信,他們可能真的有問題。 For that, the government turned to Sergio Ruiz, a prison psychiatrist who helped design the program. Ruiz said that in addition to getting participants to recognize their flaws in group therapy, inmates would eventually be asked to participate in “restorative justice” sessions where they would ask for forgiveness from their victims.  政府為此求助於監獄精神科醫生塞吉奧‧魯伊茲,他幫忙設計了這個計畫。他表示除了讓參加者在團體治療中認識到自身缺陷外,最終還會要求他們參加「修復式正義」的課程,請求受害者饒恕。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/5495283   Next Article   Topic: 'Best birthday present ever!' says Spanish diver after saving trapped whale In a gripping underwater rescue, Spanish divers have freed a 12-metre long humpback whale entangled in an illegal drift net off the Balearic island of Mallorca. 在一起扣人心弦的水下營救中,西班牙潛水夫在巴利亞利的馬約卡島外海釋放了一隻纏繞在非法流刺網中的12公尺長的座頭鯨。 One of the divers, 32-year-old marine biologist Gigi Torras, said last Friday's rescue and a little gesture of appreciation from the giant mammal were also a birthday present for her - the 'best ever' in her words. 其中一名潛水夫,32歲的海洋生物學家吉吉.托利斯說,上週五的營救和來自這隻巨大哺乳類的一些謝意表現,也是給她的生日禮物-用她的話說就是「歷來最棒」。 The weakened whale had been spotted by a ship about three miles off the eastern coast of Mallorca, prompting Palma de Mallorca's Aquarium marine rescue centre into action. 一艘船隻在馬約卡東岸外海3英里處瞥見這頭衰弱的鯨魚,促使馬約卡島的水族館海洋營救中心投入行動。 After initial attempts to cut the net from a boat failed, divers plunged into the sea to remove the mesh with their knives in a daring 45-minute operation. 在最初從船上切斷漁網的嘗試失敗後,潛水夫潛入海中,在45分鐘的大膽行動中,用他們的刀子移除漁網。 Nicknamed "walls of death" for the quantity of other sea life they catch in addition to the fish they are set for, drift nets were banned by the United Nations 30 years ago. 流刺網有「死亡之牆」的綽號,30年前就遭到聯合國禁用,因為它們除了捕撈目標魚類之外,還能捕撈其他大量海洋生物。 Next Article Spanish engineers extract drinking water from thin air 西班牙工程師從稀薄空氣中取水 A Spanish company has devised a system to extract drinking water from thin air to supply arid regions where people are in desperate need. 一家西班牙公司設計出一套系統,可從稀薄空氣中提取出飲用水,供應乾旱地區民眾急需的用水。 "The goal is to help people," said Enrique Veiga, the 82-year-old engineer who invented the machine during a harsh drought in southern Spain in the 1990s. "The goal is to get to places like refugee camps that don't have drinking water." 82歲工程師安立奎‧韋加表示:「我的目標就是幫助別人。」他在1990年代西班牙南部大旱期間,發明這部機器,「目標就是供水給難民營這類缺乏飲用水的地方。」 The devices made by his company, Aquaer, are already delivering clean, safe water to communities in Namibia and a Lebanese refugee camp. 他的公司生產名為「Aquaer」的設備,已在納米比亞和黎巴嫩的難民營投入使用,提供潔淨、安全的飲用水。 The machines use electricity to cool air until it condenses into water, harnessing the same effect that causes condensation in air-conditioning units. 這種裝置的運作原理類似冷氣機的冷凝作用,利用電力將空氣降溫,直到凝結成水。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1521149 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1467078   Next Article   Topic: Spain to make some train journeys free from September Public transport prices on state-owned service across Spain have already been slashed in half in response to rapidly rising energy and inflation rates. Now the government has announced further 100% discounts. 為因應能源價格和通膨率飆升,西班牙各地的國營公共運輸價格已經下調一半,如今近西班牙政府更宣布新的100%減價方案。 As of September, passengers will be able to travel across various trains operated by public train network Renfe for absolutely nothing. 今年9月起,乘客將可完全免費乘坐由西班牙國家鐵路公司(Renfe)營運的多種列車。 Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has announced that multi-journey tickets for trains operated by the network's public services Cercanías, Rodalies and Media Distance (equivalent to local and medium-distance journeys) are to be free of charge from September 1 up until the end of the year. 西班牙總理桑切斯宣布,從9月1日到今年年底,西班牙國家鐵路公司將免費提供Cercanías、Rodalies和Media Distance營運的火車聯程車票(相當於本地與中距離旅程)。 The measure excludes single-journey tickets, or long-distance travels, according to public broadcaster TVE. Multi-journey tickets include a minimum of 10 return trips. 西班牙國家電視台報導,聯程票包含至少10次往返旅程,但排除單程票和長途票。   Next Article   Topic: Spain horse whisperer's animals mirror stress sufferers' state of mind 西班牙馴馬師的動物反映了壓力患者的心理狀態 In the Guadalix mountains outside Madrid, Argentine horse whisperer Fernando Noailles uses his animals to help people suffering from stress and anxiety. 在馬德里外圍的瓜達利斯山裡,阿根廷馴馬師費爾南多.諾瓦耶斯出動他的動物,來幫助蒙受壓力與焦慮的民眾。 The 57-year-old, who spent many years in the Patagonian wilderness living with horses, uses the animals as a way for patients to interpret and control their emotions. 這位曾在巴塔哥尼亞原野與馬兒生活多年的57歲男子,用這些動物做為病人解讀與控制自身情緒的一種方法。 People who come to his sessions spend time with the horses and learn through the movement of the animal what mental state they themselves are in, says Noailles, who charges up to 120 euros per session. 每堂課收費高達120歐元的諾瓦耶斯說,來到他課堂的民眾和馬兒共度時光,並透過馬兒的動作,來認識自身當下的心理狀態。 "The horse is a mirror," he says. "They are gregarious creatures, born to live in herds." 他說,「馬是面鏡子。」「牠們是群居動物,天生活在馬群裡。」 The therapy consists in monitoring how the horse responds to the client's moods. From watching the horse's reaction, the client learns how to identify and control emotions, he says. 這種療法在於監測馬兒如何呼應客戶心情。他說,從觀察馬的反應,客戶學會如何辨識和控制情緒。 "People in the first session, when they are in a difficult state of mind, see a horse that doesn't stop, that moves, that even gallops. The horse is showing you a mind that doesn't stop, that is tormented," he says. 他說:「處於困難心理狀態之中時,民眾上第一堂課,看著一匹動不停、甚至狂奔的馬兒。這匹馬對你顯示了一顆受到折磨的不停歇的心。」Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1530547 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1205649

    15Mins Live Podcast - 常用混淆詞 – Rise / Raise / Arise 動詞大不同

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 2, 2022 68:54


    體驗無限英文學習雜誌的閱讀 以及 9/12的15Mins Live Special 快參加Pubu飽讀電子書體驗: 點我填表格   Rise / Rose 上升;升高;升起   If you remember rise with sun, it will be easier for you to distinguish rise from the other two verbs that are going to show up here.   For example, keeping with the sun topic, in the sentence: The sun rises in the east. Rise can also be used to indicate that something abstract is going up, as for example in Gas prices are rising again! This sense can convey a positive meaning when we are speaking, for instance, of moods or expectations. My expectations rose when the pretty blonde girl at the bar looked at me.   Raise / Raised 舉起;提起 ; 增加;提高 You should be able to easily distinguish raise from rise if you just remember raise is transitive, which means it will be followed by a direct object (a WHAT). The student raised his hand to answer the question. Raise can be a noun, too, especially talking about salaries, as in the following example: I hate Pete. He's been given yet another (pay) raise.   Arise / Arose 發生;出現 ; 起身 Last but not least, we have a third verb: arise. And its meaning? While it's true that it can replace rise, meaning "to get up from sitting, lying, or kneeling", this usage is fairly outdated and only used in very formal contexts. "Arise, Lord Snow!" - Said Queen Daenerys after Jon Snow had bent his knee.   When do we use arise, then? Mainly when we want to convey the meaning of something coming into being, originating or occurring. The opportunity arose for Rick to purchase a 1554 Spanish shipwreck gold bar.   分享時間: Tell a personal experience related to rise / raise / arise Make sentences from the words

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K428: About dogs - 在搜救犬變網紅與狗狗個性

    Play Episode Listen Later Sep 1, 2022 3:06


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K428: About dogs - In Rio, rescue dog watches out for his rescuer   In Rio de Janeiro, one rescue dog has turned local mascot and budding online influencer after joining his rescuer's ranks. 在里約熱內盧,一隻搜救犬在成為拯救他的警察的一份子後,已變成地方的吉祥物和新進網紅。 Corporal Oliveira, a dog with short brown hair thought to be around four years old, turned up one morning in 2019 at a police station on Rio's Governador Island, injured and weak. 奧利維拉下士是隻有著棕色短毛的狗狗,年齡約4歲。牠在2019年的一個早晨,出現在里約戈韋納多島一間警察局外,當時身上有傷且虛弱。 "I gave him food, water. It took a while for him to get used to me," said Cpl. Cristiano Oliveira. But within a few days, Corporal Oliveira - the furry animal - started following his new master around the precinct. 克里斯提亞諾.奧利維拉下士說:「我給了牠食物和飲水,牠花了一陣子才習慣我。」幾天後,這隻毛茸茸的狗狗奧利維拉下士,開始跟著牠的新主人巡邏轄區。 Corporal Oliveira has his own Instagram profile with more than 45,000 followers, always hungry for more photos and videos of their mascot in his trademark police uniform, standing on top of police vehicles and motorcycles. 狗狗奧利維拉下士有自己的Instagram帳號,追蹤者超過4萬5000人,且這些粉絲總是熱切期待看到這隻吉祥物的更多照片,包括穿著標誌性的警察制服站在警車和摩托車上。 He even has a miniature toy firearm. 牠甚至配戴迷你版的玩具手槍。   Next Article   Your dog's personality may have little to do with its breed 你家狗狗的個性可能和品種沒什麼關聯   A new study published in the journal Science confirms what dog lovers know - every pup is truly an individual. 一份刊登於《科學》期刊的新研究,證實了愛狗人士都知道的一件事:每隻狗狗確實都是獨立個體。 The researchers surveyed more than 18,000 dog owners and analyzed the genomes of about 2,150 of their dogs to look for patterns. 研究人員訪查逾1萬8000名狗主人,並分析他們所養的2150隻狗狗的基因組,找尋其中是否有規律。 They found that some behaviors, such as howling, pointing and showing friendliness to human strangers, do have at least some genetic basis. But that inheritance isn't strictly passed down along breed lines. 他們發現,吼叫、鎖定陌生人並示好之類的行為,的確至少有某種基因依據,但並未完全在各品種間遺傳下來。 For example, they found golden retrievers that don't retrieve, said co-author Kathryn Lord. Some breeds, such as huskies and beagles, may show a greater tendency to howl. But many of these dogs don't. 例如,研究共同作者凱瑟琳.羅德說,他們發現有不會狩獵的黃金獵犬。像是哈士奇和米格魯之類的品種,可能具有吼叫的癖性,但其中也有許多不會吼叫的。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1532395 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1534990

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K427: About Japan - 兩屆奧運冠軍羽生退休與老翁再次橫跨太平洋

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 31, 2022 3:25


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K427: About Japan - 2-time Olympic champion Hanyu rings down the curtain on career   Two-time Olympic gold medalist Yuzuru Hanyu announced on July 19 that he was hanging up his skates and retiring from competition after a glorious career that saw his popularity soar worldwide. 兩屆奧運金牌得主羽生結弦7月19日宣布,他在締造享譽全球的輝煌職業生涯後高掛冰刀溜冰鞋,不再出賽。 Hanyu, 27, held a news conference in Tokyo to announce his retirement. 27歲的羽生在東京的記者會上宣布退役。 He won gold medals at the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014 and the Pyeongchang Games four years later, becoming the first repeat Olympic champion in men's figure skating in 66 years. 他在2014年的索契冬奧與4年後的平昌冬奧拿下金牌,為男子花式滑冰界66年來首位衛冕奧運冠軍的選手。 Hanyu also won the world championships in 2014 and 2017 as well as four straight Grand Prix Finals from 2013. He also won six All-Japan Championships. 羽生還在2014年與2017年的世錦賽中奪冠,以及自2013年起連續4度在國際滑冰總會花式滑冰大獎賽總決賽中封王。他還6度稱霸全日本花式滑冰錦標賽。 He tried to become the first male figure skater in 94 years to win three consecutive Olympic gold medals, but finished off the podium in fourth at the Beijing Winter Olympics this year. 他曾企圖成為94年來首位連續拿下3面奧運金牌的男子花式滑冰選手,但最後在今年北京冬奧中以第4名作收。   Next Article   日本人在83歲成為獨自航越太平洋的最高齡人士 At 83, Japanese becomes oldest to sail solo across Pacific   An 83-year-old Japanese adventurer returned home Saturday after successfully completing his solo, nonstop voyage across the Pacific, becoming the oldest person to reach the milestone. 一位83歲的日本冒險家成功完成他獨自一人馬不停蹄的跨太平洋之旅後,於週六返家,成為達到此里程碑的最高齡人士。 Kenichi Horie arrived in the Kii Strait off Japan's western coast, completing his trans-Pacific voyage in 69 days after leaving a yacht harbor in San Francisco in March. 3月離開舊金山一處遊艇港以後,堀江謙一用69天完成他的跨太平洋旅程,抵達日本西岸外的紀伊水道。 It was the latest achievement for the octogenarian adventurer, who in 1962 became the first person in the world to successfully complete a solo nonstop voyage across the Pacific from Japan to San Francisco. 這是這名8旬冒險家的最新成就,他在1962年成為成功完成由日本單獨馬不停蹄橫越太平洋前往舊金山之旅的全球第一人。 Horie has also achieved a number of other long distance solo voyages, including sailing around the world in 1974. His latest expedition was the first since his 2008 solo non-stop voyage on a wave-powered boat from Hawaii to the Kii Strait. 掘江也完成過其他許多長程獨旅,包括1974年環航世界。其最新遠征是他2008年以波浪動力船從夏威夷航向紀伊水道以來,第一趟隻身馬不停蹄之旅。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1529966 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1523550

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.134: 亞馬遜掃地機器人 Do you need a Roomba or Zoomba?

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 30, 2022 20:06


    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.133: 亞馬遜掃地機器人 Do you need a Roomba or Zoomba?   Summary: Amazon acquired the Roomba recently with the hopes of creating a fully integrated IoT ecosystem for the home. Most people dread house chores because they are boring and tedious. In this episode, Angel and I chat about vacuum cleaners and robots for the home. What's your experience with vacuum robots? Comment down below!   Vocabulary: Vacuum cleaner 吸塵器 One of the most popular vacuum cleaner brands on the market is Dyson. 市場上其中最熱門的吸塵器品牌之一是戴森。 Anniversary sale 百貨週年慶 Department store anniversary sale is the best time to buy home appliances. 百貨週年慶是最好買家電的時機。 House chores 家事 Smart home appliances can help people with their house chores. 智慧家電可以幫助人們處理家事。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K426: 巴黎砍樹抗暖化踢到鐵板

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 29, 2022 3:57


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K426: Plans to Fight Global Warming Face an Obstacle in Paris: Trees   Long a favorite spot for picnics and sunbathing, the lawns surrounding the Eiffel Tower have recently become the scene of furious protests. First came a social media campaign. Then a rally by dozens of local residents. Before long, a protester had hunkered down in a nearby plane tree for a hunger strike. 巴黎艾菲爾鐵塔周圍的草坪向來是野餐和日光浴首選地點,最近成了憤怒示威的場景。首先是社群媒體發起的活動,接著是數十名當地居民集會。不久之後,一名示威者待在附近一棵法國梧桐下絕食抗議。 The source of their anger? A plan to cut down more than 20 trees, some more than 100 years old, around the tower as part of an effort to build a huge garden and ease tourist congestion. 他們為何生氣?有人計畫砍掉鐵塔周遭20多棵樹,其中有些樹齡超過百年,以便闢建一座大花園並紓解遊客擁擠問題。 The controversy is just the latest in a series that has engulfed Paris City Hall as it tries to green the city, a task that appears all the more urgent as scorching temperatures bear down on the French capital, and on the rest of Europe. 這只是巴黎市政府企圖綠化這座城市之際,捲入的系列爭議最新一起。隨著灼熱高溫襲向這座法國首都和歐洲其餘地方,綠化巴黎的工作更顯迫切。 Local authorities are redesigning Paris' urban landscape to make it more climate-friendly, but a growing number of residents say the widespread cutting of trees around the capital is paradoxically undermining the city's environmental ambitions. 地方政府正在重新規畫巴黎市區景觀,好讓巴黎對氣候更為友善,不過愈來愈多居民說,首都到處都有樹被砍,自相矛盾地削弱這城市的環保雄心。 Trees are considered some of the best defenses against the radiation that contributes to the heat waves that are on the rise everywhere because of global warming. 樹木被認為最能防止熱輻射。熱輻射促成因全球暖化而在各處日益頻發的熱浪。 “Without the trees, the city is an unbearable furnace,” said Tangui Le Dantec, an urban planner and co-founder of Aux Arbres Citoyens, a group protesting the felling of trees in Paris. 抗議巴黎樹木被砍的團體「公民樹」共同創辦人、都市規劃師勒丹泰克說:「要是沒有樹,這座城市就成了無法忍受的火爐。」 In recent months, small protests have sprouted across Paris, with residents and activists rallying around trees condemned by the sprawling urban development projects that have at times turned the capital into a giant construction site. 最近數月,巴黎各地湧現小規模抗議,居民和社運人士在樹木周遭集會,這些樹被雜亂擴張的都市發展工程包夾,這些工程不時將巴黎變為巨大的工地。 In April, they filmed the felling of 76 plane trees, most of them decades old, at the Porte de Montreuil on Paris' northern outskirts. City Hall wants to turn the site into a huge square, part of a project by the mayor, Anne Hidalgo, to create “a green belt” around the capital. 今年四月,他們拍攝巴黎北郊蒙特勒伊門76棵法國梧桐被砍伐的實況,樹齡多半有幾十年。市府想把這個地點改為超大廣場,這是市長安妮.伊達戈在巴黎各處創造「綠帶」計畫的一部分。 “Ms. Hidalgo please stop the massacre,” said Thomas Brail, the founder of the National Group for the Surveillance of Trees, as machines chopped up trees behind him, in a video he shot in April. Brail later staged an 11-day hunger strike in a plane tree near the Eiffel Tower. 「全國看守樹木團體」創辦人布海爾在他4月拍的一支影片中,趁機器在身後砍樹時說:「伊達戈女士,請停止屠殺。」布海爾後來在艾菲爾鐵塔附近一棵法國梧桐下,發動11天絕食抗議。 Yves Contassot, a former deputy mayor of Paris in charge of the environment and a member of the Green party, said cutting down trees had become “a very sensitive question that causes a bit of a scandal at a time when we talk about fighting global warming in big cities.” 曾是負責環境的巴黎副市長、現為綠黨成員康塔索說,砍樹已成了「非常敏感的問題,在我們談論大城市對抗全球暖化時,引發相當的騷動」。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6498712

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K425: 俄國逼迫烏克蘭人接受俄式生活

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 28, 2022 3:16


    Pubu飽讀電子書 通勤家族獨家優惠:點此享有訂閱優惠 Pubu 「飽讀電子書方案」,英語學習雜誌的Netflix!只要每日不到3塊錢就可以讓你把書店裡的熱門英文雜誌像CNN互動英文、空中美語、長春藤、LiveABC等都讀到飽!無限暢讀,把你的學習一站隨身帶著走~ Pubu平台重點特色: 熱門雜誌、暢銷書籍應有盡有 書籍類別保括英語學習、財經、新聞、時尚、親子 語音功能能將電子書變成有聲書 一個帳號可以登入七個裝置 馬上把學習一站隨身帶著走:點此享有通勤學英語 X Pubu飽讀優惠   即日起到2022/09/30 申辦半年或年方案,Pubu會加碼送: 福利1: 送購書金$50,購書即可立享折扣!! 福利2: 申辦年方案, 可以再抽五台P47 耳罩式藍牙耳機。     每日英語跟讀 Ep.K425: How the Kremlin Is Forcing Ukrainians to Adopt Russian Life   They have handed out Russian passports, cellphone numbers and set-top boxes for watching Russian television. They have replaced Ukrainian currency with the ruble, rerouted the internet through Russian servers and arrested hundreds who have resisted assimilation. 他們發出俄國護照、手機門號和觀看俄國電視用的機上盒。他們已用盧布取代烏克蘭貨幣,把網路經由俄國伺服器傳送,並逮捕數百名抵抗同化的人。 In ways big and small, the occupying authorities on territory won by Moscow's forces are using fear and indoctrination to compel Ukrainians to adopt a Russian way of life. “We are one people,” blue-white-and-red billboards say. “We are with Russia.” 透過各種大大小小的方式,莫斯科部隊占領區的執政當局,正利用恐懼和洗腦,壓迫烏克蘭人接受俄國生活方式。「我們是同一個民族」,藍白紅三色的看板寫道,「我們與俄國同在」。 Now comes the next act in President Vladimir Putin's 21st-century version of a war of conquest: the grassroots “referendum.” 如今俄國總統普亭的21世紀征服戰願景準備進行下一步:草根式「公投」。 Russia-appointed administrators in cities like Kherson in Ukraine's south are setting the stage for a vote as early as September that the Kremlin will present as a popular desire to become part of Russia. They are recruiting pro-Russia locals for new “election commissions” and promoting to Ukrainian civilians the putative benefits of joining their country. 俄國在烏克蘭南部刻松等城市指派的官員,正安排一場最快9月舉行的投票,克里姆林宮將此包裝成大眾渴望成為俄國一分子。他們召募親俄的當地人,成立新的「選舉委員會」,並向烏克蘭平民宣傳加入他們國家的潛在好處。 Any referendum would be totally illegitimate, Ukrainian and Western officials say, but it would carry ominous consequences. Analysts in Moscow and Ukraine expect that it would serve as a prelude to Putin's officially declaring the conquered area to be Russian territory, protected by Russian nuclear weapons — making future attempts by Ukraine to drive out Russian forces potentially much more costly. 烏克蘭和西方官員說,任何公投都是完全不合法,會帶來不良後果。莫斯科和烏克蘭的分析家預估,這會是普亭正式宣布將征服地區納入俄國領土的序幕,在俄國核武保護下,未來烏克蘭要趕走俄軍代價可能會更加慘烈。 Kherson is one of four regions in which officials are signaling planned referendums, along with Zaporizhzhia in the south and Luhansk and Donetsk in the east. While the Kremlin says it will be up to the area's residents to “determine their own future,” 刻松是官員預告計畫舉辦公投的四個地區之一,其他包括南部的札波羅熱,以及東部的盧甘斯克和頓內次克。雖然克宮說,這些地區的居民「將決定他們自己的未來」。 As a result, a scramble to mobilize the residents of Russian-occupied territories for a referendum is increasingly visible on the ground. 正因如此,匆忙動員俄國占領區居民參加公投的行動,在當地已愈來愈明顯。 The Russian-appointed authorities of the Zaporizhzhia and Kherson regions, for instance, announced that they were forming “election commissions” to prepare for referendums, which one official said could happen Sept. 11 — a day when local and regional elections are scheduled to be held across Russia. 例如,札波羅熱和刻松地區的俄國指派當局宣布,他們正籌組「選舉委員會」,為公投作準備,一名官員說可能於9月11日舉行,這天是俄國預定全國舉行地方及區域選舉日。 “Russia is beginning to roll out a version of what you could call an annexation playbook,” John Kirby, spokesperson for the National Security Council, said last month. 美國國家安全會議發言人柯比上月表示,「俄國開始大量鋪陳一個你可稱之為併吞劇本的版本」。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6533747

    回顧星期天LBS - 美國相關時事趣聞 All about the United States

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 27, 2022 7:16


    Topic: 74% of NYC Voters Say Crime Is a Serious Problem in the City, an All-Time High   As much as 74 percent of voters in New York City say crime is a very serious problem in the city, reaching the highest level since the topic was included in the Quinnipiac University Poll in 1999. 紐約市多達74%的選民表示,犯罪是該市一個非常嚴重的問題,這是自1999年昆尼皮亞克大學民意調查納入該主題以來的最高紀錄。 Crime ranks as the most urgent issue facing New York City, according to the survey. As much as 46 percent of respondents say crime is the most urgent issue facing the mega city making it the top issue while affordable housing and homelessness issues have 14 percent and 9 percent in favor, respectively. 根據這項調查,犯罪是紐約市面臨的最緊迫問題。多達46%的受訪者表示,犯罪是這座巨型城市面臨的最緊迫問題,使其成為首要問題,而負擔得起的住房和無家可歸問題,分別有14% 和9% 的受訪者表示認同。 Meanwhile, 43 percent of voters say New York City is less safe compared with other big cities, which is the highest level since the question was first asked by Quinnipiac in 2003. 與此同時,43%的選民表示,相較於其他大城市,紐約市更不安全,這是自2003年昆尼皮亞克大學提出這項問題以來的最高紀錄。   Next Article   Topic: 堪薩斯州女子在傳統鬆餅賽贏了英格蘭 Kansas woman wins traditional pancake race against England A woman from Liberal, Kansas, is this year's champion of the traditional Pancake Day Race against women in Olney, England. 一名來自堪薩斯州利伯勒爾的女性,在傳統「鬆餅日大賽」力抗英格蘭奧爾尼女子組,是今年的冠軍。 Whitney Hay won the U.S. leg of the race in Liberal on Tuesday with a time of 1:07. That beat Katie Godof of Olney, England, who ran her race in 1:10. 惠特尼.海伊週二以1分7秒的時間,在利伯勒爾舉行的美國賽程中獲勝。這擊敗了英格蘭奧爾尼的凱蒂.戈多夫,她以1分10秒完賽。 The race returned after a hiatus in 2021 because of the coronavirus pandemic. 這場比賽在2021年因武漢肺炎大流行喊卡之後重新回歸。 Contestants must carry a pancake in a frying pan and flip it at the beginning and end of the 380-meter race. The event began in Olney in the 15th century. In 1950, Liberal challenged Olney to an international competition. 參賽者必須在煎鍋中攜帶煎餅,並在380米比賽的開始和結束時翻轉。該事件始於15世紀的奧爾尼。1950年,Liberal鎮向奧爾尼鎮發起了國際競爭。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1504336 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1503943   Next Article   Topic: Oklahoma sixth-grader praised for heroism twice in one day   An Oklahoma sixth-grader was honored by law enforcement and school officials for his heroic actions not just once, but twice in the same day. 因為一天之內不僅一次,而是兩次的英勇行為,奧克拉荷馬州一名六年級學生受到執法單位與學校官員的表揚。 Earlier this month, Davyon Johnson used the Heimlich maneuver on a classmate who was choking on a bottle cap at his school in Muskogee. Later that same day, he helped a woman escape from a burning house, the Muskogee Phoenix reported. 馬斯科吉鳳凰報報導,本月稍早,戴維恩.強森在位於馬斯科吉的學校內使用哈姆立克法幫助一名被瓶蓋噎到的同學。當天稍後,他幫助一名婦女逃出起火的屋子。 Last week, Davyon was named an honorary member of the police and sheriff's departments at the Muskogee Board of Education meeting, the newspaper reported. 上週,戴維恩在馬斯科吉教育委員會會議上,被任命為警察與治安官部門的榮譽成員,據該報報導。 Principal Latricia Dawkins called Davyon a “dual hero” and said the recognition couldn't have happened to a better person. 校長拉翠夏.道金斯稱讚戴維恩是「雙重英雄」,並說此一褒揚不可能發生在更好的人身上。 Davyon's mother, LaToya Johnson, said she's not surprised he behaved the way he did. She said her brother, Wendell Johnson, is an emergency medical technician. 戴維恩的母親拉托雅.強森說,她對兒子的行為不感意外。她說,他的哥哥溫戴爾.強森,就是一位緊急醫療技術員。   Next Article   Topic: Why the Empire State Building, and New York, May Never Be the Same 為何帝國大廈與紐約市可能不再跟以前一樣   It once symbolized an urban way of working, and the city's resilience. In the pandemic's second year, the future of the world's most famous skyscraper is in doubt. 它一度象徵一種都會的工作方式與這座城市的韌性。值此疫情大流行第2年,這座全球最知名的摩天大樓的未來仍在未定之天。 The Empire State Building, like the city it inhabits, relies on a steady stream of tourists, thriving retail businesses and companies willing to lease its vast amount of office space. (美國紐約市)帝國大廈一如其所棲息的城市,仰賴穩定的觀光客流、興旺的零售業,以及願意租賃其大量辦公室空間的公司行號。 The coronavirus pandemic emptied out the attractions, shops and offices, in both the building and the city, for months. 但新冠病毒大流行清空這幢大樓與紐約市的觀光景點、商店與辦公室(的人潮)達數月之久。 Like other tourist attractions around New York City, the famous observatories on the Empire State Building's 86th and 102nd floors sat nearly empty for months. 一如紐約市各地其他的觀光景點,位於帝國大廈86樓與102樓的知名觀景台,已有數月幾乎空無一人。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1491796   Next Article   Topic: Biden's right-to-repair order is good news for people who always break their phones After years of petitions and proposals, momentum is building in government to give consumers broader rights to repair products they own ranging from farm tractors to mobile phones. 在多年的請願與提案後,政府正在推動給予消費者更大的權利去維修他們擁有的產品,範疇從農場的曳引機到手機。 The right-to-repair issue has brought farmers in league with electronic and computer enthusiasts, who for years have groused at the thought that they merely licensed software, didn't own it, and weren't able to modify it to their liking. 維修權問題讓農民與電子產品及電腦的愛好者結盟,他們多年來一直抱怨自己只獲授權使用軟體,並未擁有它,也無法根據自身喜好調整它。 In a press briefing yesterday, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said President Joe Biden will issue an executive order directing the US Department of Agriculture to issue rules that "give farmers the right to repair their own equipment how they like." 在昨天的新聞發布會中,白宮新聞秘書珍.莎琪表示,拜登總統將發布一項行政命令,指示美國農業部發布規定,「賦予農民權利,隨他們的喜好修復自己擁有的設備」。 Biden will urge the Federal Trade Commission to press computer and electronics manufacturers and defense contractors to offer additional leeway in how their devices are repaired. 拜登還將敦促聯邦貿易委員會施壓電腦、電子產品製造商與國防承包商,在如何修復他們的裝置上提供更多餘地。   Next Article   Topic: One in five young adults is neither working nor studying in US 美國5名年輕成人就有1人沒在工作,也沒就學 Almost one in five young adults in the U.S. was neither working nor studying in the first quarter as Black and Hispanic youth remain idle at disproportionate rates. 今年第1季美國幾乎每5名年輕成年人中,就有1人沒在工作也沒在就學,非裔與西裔年輕人賦閒率更是不成比例。 In the first three months of the year, about 3.8 million Americans age 20 to 24 were not in employment, education or training, known as the NEET rate, the Center for Economic Policy and Research said in a report. That's up by 740,000, or 24%, from a year earlier. 「經濟政策與研究中心」在一份報告中說,今年前3個月,約380萬名20歲到24歲的人處於非就業、就學或接受培訓,即所謂「尼特」率,比一年前多出74萬人,或者24%。 Inactive youth is a worrying sign for the future of the economy. Further, high NEET rates may foster environments that are fertile for social unrest. 年輕人閒閒沒事做,是經濟前景一個令人擔心的徵兆。而且,高「啃老」率或許助長醞釀社會不安的環境。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1461413; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1464726  

    15Mins Live Podcast - 職場系列 – 面對抱怨與衝突高頻句 Expressions for complaints and conflict

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 26, 2022 73:33


    即刻加入15Mins通勤學英語直播室,每週一9pm等你來說英文 : https://15minsengcafe.pse.is/46hm8k   Expressions for handling complaints 處理抱怨   Apologize 道歉 I appreciate your letting me know about that. I'm sorry for any inconvenience. Please accept our apologies. I'll let my manager know. I understand your frustration. Resolving the inconvenience 解決對方的不滿 Here's a coupon to make up for your trouble. We'll sort that out for you right away. I'm going to see how we can make this better for you.   Expressions for resolving conflict 解決衝突   Identify disagreement 點出雙方意見不合 I think you may have misinterpreted that. I'm sorry we got off on the wrong foot. I don't think we have all the information. Please don't take that the wrong way. I understand where you're coming from. Moving forward 促進下一步溝通 I think we can work this out. I think we can find a compromise. Should we get a third opinion? I'm sure we can reach an agreement. We should revisit this at another time. 雙人對話時間: Complaint : The supplier sent you the right product, but of the wrong size. Complaint : The iPhone you purchased did not come with charging cables as advertised Conflict : Your colleagues accused you of spreading rumours about them.

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K424: About India - 孟買向推特請求掌握洪水與立百病

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 25, 2022 3:34


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K424: About India - Mumbai turns to Twitter for help mapping India's monsoon floods   When monsoon rains sweep into Mumbai each year, residents of India's financial hub find their social media feeds awash with flood memes - from Venetian gondolas plying the city's deluged streets to office workers commuting on inflatable dinghies. 當季風雨水每年橫掃孟買的同時,印度金融中心居民發現社群媒體充斥洪水梗圖:威尼斯貢多拉遊船在城市被雨水淹沒的街道上行駛、上班族利用充氣橡皮艇通勤。 This year, a research institute hopes social media can play a more practical role - asking residents to tweet details about floods in their neighbourhoods and using the data to issue geographically specific flood alerts in real-time. 今年,一個研究機構希望社群媒體能夠發揮更實際的功用──要求居民在推特上描述住家附近地區洪水的詳細情況,並利用這些資料即時發布特定地區洪水警報。 "Since we cannot monitor flooding across the city ourselves, we thought of taking the help of the community," said Subimal Ghosh, head of the Climate Studies department at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, which is behind the initiative. 孟買印度理工學院氣候研究部門領導人蘇比墨爾.高許說,「由於我們無法單靠自己監測整座城市的洪水,於是想到可以利用群眾的協助」。該部門正是此倡議的幕後推手。 Around the world in countries including Australia and Indonesia, climate researchers are increasingly using data gathered via social media to help monitor weather events such as floods. 包含澳洲和印尼等世界各國,氣候研究學家們越來越頻繁地利用透過社群媒體上蒐集得到的資料來協助監控諸如洪水等天氣事件。   Next Article   Nipah Virus, Dangerous and Little Known, Spreads in India-危險但鮮為人知的立百病毒在印度擴散   A rare, brain-damaging virus has broken out in the state of Kerala, India, for the first time, infecting at least 18 people and killing 17 of them, according to the World Health Organization. 一種罕見、傷害腦部的病毒首度在印度喀拉拉邦爆發,感染至少18人,其中17人死亡,世界衛生組織指出。 The Nipah virus naturally resides in fruit bats across South and Southeast Asia, and can spread to humans through contact with the animals' bodily fluids. There is no vaccine and no cure. 立百病毒自然寄宿於南亞與東南亞的狐蝠,並可透過接觸該動物的體液而傳播給人類。沒有疫苗,也沒有藥物可以對治。 The virus is listed by the W.H.O. as a high priority for research. Current treatment measures are insufficient, according to Dr. Stuart Nichol, the head of the viral special pathogens branch at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 該病毒被世衛組織列入高優先研究名單。當前的治療措施不足,美國疾病管制與預防中心病毒特殊病原體部門主任尼科爾博士說。 "There's a market failure for protecting people from this," said Dr. Steve Luby, an epidemiologist at Stanford University. "It's not like treating baldness or breast cancer, where wealthy people will pay for your product. There's no big customer here, no incentive, until it escalates." 「保護人們免於該病毒感染的市場失靈」,史丹福大學流行病學家魯比博士說。「這不像治療禿頭或乳癌,有錢人會花錢買你的產品。在這裡沒有大客戶、沒有誘因,直到疫情愈演愈烈為止。」 The Nipah infection produces flulike symptoms, including fevers, body aches and vomiting, which often progress to acute respiratory syndrome and encephalitis. Some survivors show persistent neurological effects, including personality changes. 感染立百病毒會產生類似流感的症狀,包括發燒、身體疼痛與嘔吐,並常發展成急性肺炎症候群與腦炎。有些倖存者出現持續性的神經性影響,包括性格改變。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1534206; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1210313

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K423: About soccer - 禁止向球員索討球衣教宗方濟各的新玩具

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 24, 2022 3:00


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K423: About soccer - Ajax ban signs asking players for their shirts   Ajax Amsterdam have banned fans from bringing signs into Johan Cruyff Arena asking players for their shirts after matches, Dutch media reported on Tuesday. 荷蘭媒體週二報導,阿姆斯特丹阿賈克斯足球俱樂部已經禁止球迷在比賽結束後,攜帶標語進入約翰.克魯伊夫足球場,向球員索討球衣。 The club have told the Ajax supporters association that they had noticed an increasing number of such signs at games, mostly being held by children. 該俱樂部告訴阿賈克斯支持者協會,他們已經注意到在比賽中出現越來越多的標語,大多數是由兒童持有。 It was no longer possible for the players to fulfil all the requests and when players walked by without handing over a shirt they were often criticised as arrogant, the club said. 該俱樂部說,球員不再可能滿足所有的要求,當球員走過球場而沒有遞出球衣時,他們常被批評為傲慢。 The cardboard being used also posed a fire hazard, the club said, and several signs were confiscated on Saturday when the stadium hosted the season-opening Super Cup match between Ajax and PSV Eindhoven. 該俱樂部說,使用的這些紙牌也構成火災隱患,週六當該體育場舉辦當季開幕的超級杯阿賈克斯與埃因霍溫的比賽時,有多個標語遭到沒收。   Next Article   Soccer-loving Pope Francis gets a new toy: a foosball table 熱愛足球的教宗方濟各獲得新玩具   Pope Francis has received dozens of soccer jerseys and game balls during his eight-year pontificate and he got a new football-themed toy lately: his very own foosball table. 天主教教宗方濟各在任8年來收到許多足球衣和比賽用球,近來還獲得一組足球主題的新玩具:屬於他的手足球台。 Francis played a round on the table that was presented to him at the end of his general audience by representatives of a table football association, Sport Toscana Calcio Balilla in Altopascio, Tuscany. 這個手足球台是在教宗進行「公開接見」時,由托斯卡尼大區阿爾托帕肖市的托斯卡納手足球運動協會代表人所贈送,方濟各還玩了一局。 The mayor of Altopascio, Sara D'Ambrosio, wrote on Facebook that the table was designed to be inclusive and work well for people with physical disabilities to encourage their participation in sport. 阿爾托帕肖市市長莎拉.迪安布羅修在臉書寫道,這組手足球台設計上具有包容性,方便身體不便的人使用,鼓勵他們參與運動。 The Argentine-born pope is a well-known lover of soccer. He has long promoted sport as a way to promote solidarity and inclusion, especially for young people. 阿根廷出生的教宗是知名的足球愛好者。他長期推崇把運動當作促進團結和包容的方式,尤其對年輕人而言。

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.133: 你有用語音轉文字嗎?The ubiquitous VTT and TTV tech

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 23, 2022 21:46


    Pubu x 通勤學英語 飽讀電子書活動   愛看英語學習雜誌的你不需看預算只買一兩本了!John老師今天來跟大家推薦一個能夠解決你困擾的強大電子書平台 Pubu Pubu 「飽讀電子書方案」,我認為就是英語學習雜誌的Netflix!只要每日不到3塊錢就可以讓你把書店裡的熱門英文雜誌像CNN互動英文、空中美語、長春藤、LiveABC等都讀到飽!無限暢讀,把你的學習一站隨身帶著走~ Pubu平台重點特色: 熱門雜誌、暢銷書籍應有盡有 書籍類別保括英語學習、財經、新聞、時尚、親子 語音功能能將電子書變成有聲書 一個帳號可以登入七個裝置 Pubu X 通勤學英語 飽讀電子書優惠:點此訂閱 半年方案(原價$894 )打59折,只要$529  - 每日不到四元 一年方案(原價$1,788 )打55折,只要$999 - 每日不到三元 即日起到2022/08/30 申辦半年或年方案,Pubu會加碼送: 福利1: 送購書金$50,購書即可立享折扣!! 福利2: 申辦年方案, 可以再抽五台P47 耳罩式藍牙耳機。     精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.133: 你有用語音轉文字嗎?The ubiquitous VTT and TTV tech   Summary: With Siri and Google assistant accompanying our everyday lives, do you know what is the tech behind recognizing your voice? Voice-to-text (VTT) and Text-to-voice (TTV) is the foundation to all the fancy cloud processing systems we have today. Text search and processing have come a long way in the development of technology. In this episode, Angel and I chat about the possible copyright issues for voice actors and users of social media platforms. Have you ever had your data / voice / video stolen? Comment down below!   Vocabulary: Voice assistant 語音助理 Alexa, Siri, and Google Assistant are popular voice assistants in the world today. Alex、Siri、與Google是現在世界熱門的語音助理。 Voice-to-text (VTT) technology 語音轉文字技術 All voice assistants uses VTT to process voice commands. 所有的語音助理都是使用VTT來處理聲音命令。 Text-to-voice (TTV) technology 文字轉語音技術 Pubu offers TTV to help you turn an e-book into an audiobook. Pubu電子書平台提供TTV技術讓你可以把電子書變成有聲書。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K422: 脫貧之道可能在於從小結交富友

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 22, 2022 4:09


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K422: Wealthy Friends May Be Ticket Out of Poverty   Over the last four decades, the financial circumstances into which children have been born have increasingly determined where they have ended up as adults. But an expansive new study, based on billions of social media connections, has uncovered a powerful exception to that pattern that helps explain why certain places offer a path out of poverty. 過去40年,小孩出生時的經濟環境,對他們成年後的結局日益具有決定性,但一項基於數十億社群媒體聯繫的廣泛新研究,發現了這種模式的一個強大例外,這有助於解釋為什麼某些地方提供擺脫貧困的途徑。 For poor children, living in an area where people have more friendships that cut across class lines significantly increases how much they earn in adulthood, the new research found. 新的研究發現,對貧困兒童來說,生活在一個較能跨越階級界線交朋友的地區,會大大增加他們成年後的收入。 The study, published in Nature, analyzed the Facebook friendships of 72 million people, amounting to 84% of U.S. adults ages 25 to 44. 這項發表在《自然》雜誌上的研究,分析7,200萬人在臉書上的交友情形,這一數字占全美25至44歲成人的84%。 The new analysis — the biggest of its kind — found the degree to which the rich and poor were connected explained why a neighborhood's children did better later in life, more than any other factor. 這項同類研究中規模最大的新分析發現,富人與窮人的聯繫程度,解釋了為何一個社區的小孩日後生活過得較好,影響超過其他任何因素。 The effect was profound. The study found that if poor children grew up in neighborhoods where 70% of their friends were wealthy — the typical rate for higher-income children — it would increase their future incomes by 20%, on average. 這種影響是深遠的。研究發現,若貧困兒童成長於70%朋友是富人的社區中-這是高收入兒童典型的比率-他們未來收入平均會增加20%。 These cross-class friendships — what the researchers called economic connectedness — had a stronger impact than school quality, family structure, job availability or a community's racial composition. The people you know, the study suggests, open up opportunities, and the growing class divide in the United States closes them off. 這些跨階級的友誼被研究人員稱為經濟關聯性,比學校素質、家庭結構、就業機會或社區種族構成影響更大。研究顯示,你認識的人開創了機會,而美國日益擴大的階級鴻溝卻將其關閉。 “Growing up in a community connected across class lines improves kids' outcomes and gives them a better shot at rising out of poverty,” said Raj Chetty, an economist at Harvard University and the director of Opportunity Insights, which studies the roots of inequality and the contributors to economic mobility. He was one of the study's four principal authors. 哈佛大學研究機構「機會洞察」主任、經濟學家切堤說:「在一個跨越階級界線的社區中長大,會改善小孩的結局,他們擺脫貧窮的機會更大。」該機構研究不平等根源及經濟流動性的成因。他是上述研究四位主要作者之一。 Jimarielle Bowie grew up in a lower-middle-class family. Her parents divorced, lost jobs and lost homes. So when she made friends in high school with girls who lived on the rich side of town, their lifestyles intrigued her. Their houses were bigger; they ate different foods; and their parents — doctors, lawyers and pastors — had different goals and plans for their children, including applying for college. 吉馬里爾.鮑伊在一個中下階級家庭中成長。她的父母離異,失業且失去住處。因此,當她在高中結識了一些住在城市富人區的女孩時,她們的生活方式引起她的興趣。她們住在更大的房子,吃不同的食物,她們的父母是醫生、律師和牧師,對孩子有不同的目標和計畫,包括申請大學。 Bowie became the first person in her family to get a postgraduate degree. She's now a criminal defense lawyer — a job she found through a friend of one of those high school friends. 鮑伊成為家中第一個獲得碩士學位的人。她現在是個刑事辯護律師,這是她透過一個高中朋友的朋友找到的工作。 “My experience meeting people who were more affluent, I got to get in those circles, understand how those people think,” she said. “I absolutely think it made a significant difference.” 她說:「我跟較富有的人接觸的經歷,讓我進入那些圈子,了解他們的想法。我絕對認為這產生了重大影響。」Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6533747

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K421: 英格蘭女足歐錦賽奪冠

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 21, 2022 5:27


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K421: Women's soccer energizes England in a league of their own   England beat Germany 2-1 in the final of the European Championship after extra time on Sunday last week to win its first major women's soccer title. The final, which was played before a sellout crowd of more than 87,000 at historic Wembley Stadium, is seen as a watershed moment for women's sports in England. Although the game, known here as football, is a national passion, female players have often been scoffed at and were once banned from top-level facilities. Now the women's team did something the men haven't done since 1966: Win a major international tournament. 上週日舉行的歐洲錦標賽決賽中,英格蘭隊在加時賽以二比一擊敗了德國隊,贏得其史上首座女足大賽冠軍。這場決賽被視為英格蘭女子運動的分水嶺,在歷史悠久的溫布利球場舉行,門票銷售一空,觀眾超過八萬七千人。儘管足球這項運動在英國被視為國球,但女性足球員常受到嘲弄,甚至曾被禁止進入頂級球場。現在,女子隊做到了自一九六六年以來男性從未做到的事:在國際大賽中奪冠。 Hope Powell played 66 times for England and coached the team from 1998 to 2013. “I think we have to give thanks to the people that worked really hard before us, that went through all of that, being banned, fighting for the right to play,” Powell told the BBC. “I think we have to remember what came before is what got us to the point we are today.” 霍普‧鮑威爾為英格蘭隊出賽過六十六次,並於一九九八至二○一三年擔任該隊教練,她對BBC﹝英國廣播公司﹞說道:「我認為我們必須感謝那些在過去付出許多努力的人,他們經歷了被禁賽、為比賽權利而奮鬥等種種磨難」。「我想我們必須記住,過去所經歷的,也就是讓我們能夠達到今天這成就的來時路」。 But it's not just the victories that are attracting fans. It is how the team is winning. With money from sponsorship deals and a new TV contract supporting full-time professional players, there is more flash and polish than many expected. While they don't play like the men's team, that's not a bad thing. There are fewer players flopping to the ground to draw fouls, less rolling around on the turf dramatically clutching purportedly injured knees or ankles and little shouting at the referees. Instead there is teamwork, artful passes and stunning goals like Stanway's 20m screamer in the quarterfinal victory over Spain and the backheel from Alessia Russo in England's 4-0 semifinal win against Sweden. And here's the thing: People like it. 但吸引球迷的不僅僅是勝利,而是球隊獲勝的方式。有了贊助商金援和資助全職職業球員的新電視合約,賽事的盛況超乎預期。雖然她們的球風跟男子隊不同,但這並不是件壞事。倒地製造犯規的球員比較少,也比較少人在草地上翻滾、戲劇性地緊抓膝蓋或腳踝說受了傷,也很少有對裁判大聲吼叫的情況。取而代之的是團隊合作、巧妙的傳球和令人驚嘆的進球,例如史妲維在半準決賽勝西班牙的二十公尺(二十二碼)精采進球,以及英格蘭4-0勝瑞典的準決賽中,阿萊西亞‧魯索的腳跟射門進球。而且重點是,大家愛看。 Coach Sarina Wiegman has made a point of noting that there's more at stake than victory alone. “We want to inspire the nation.” Women's football has a long and sometimes controversial history in England. The women's game flourished during and for a few years after World War I, when teams like Dick, Kerr Ladies Football Club filled the sporting gap created as top men's players went off to the trenches to fight. Women's teams, many organized at munitions plants, attracted large crowds and raised money for charity. One match in 1920 attracted 53,000 spectators. 教練莎琳娜‧魏格曼特別指出,此戰不光是為了勝利,「我們想激勵這個國家」。 女子足球在英格蘭的歷史悠久且有時頗具爭議。女子足球在第一次世界大戰期間及之後的數年中蓬勃發展,當時像「迪克科爾女子足球俱樂部」這樣的球隊填補了因頂尖男子球員參戰而在體育界留下的空白。許多在軍火廠組成的女子隊吸引了大批觀眾,並為慈善事業募款。一九二○年的一場比賽吸引了五萬三千名觀眾。 But that popularity triggered a backlash from the men who ran the Football Association, the sport's governing body in England. In 1921, the FA banned women's teams from using its facilities, saying “the game of football is quite unsuitable for females and ought not to be encouraged.” The ban remained in place for the next 50 years. 但這種受歡迎程度卻招致英格蘭足球管理機構足球總會男性主管的強烈反對。一九二一年,英足總禁止女子球隊使用其設施,稱「足球運動非常不適合女性,不應鼓勵」。該禁令在之後的五十年一直存在。 Women organized their own football association in 1969, and soon after the FA ended its ban on women. The FA took over responsibility for the women's game in 1993, beginning the slow process of improving funding and facilities. 一九六九年,女性組織了自己的足球協會,不久後英足總取消了對女性的禁令。英足總於一九九三年接管了女子比賽,開始了改善資金與設施的緩慢過程 。 Things accelerated after the 2012 London Olympics, when authorities began to recognize there was a global audience for the women's game, said Gail Newsham, author of In a League of Their Own! that tells the story of Dick, Kerr Ladies. 二○一二年倫敦奧運之後,當局開始了解女子比賽的觀眾遍及全球,因而事情加速發展,《在她們自己的聯賽!》一書作者蓋爾‧紐沙姆說道。該書講述迪克科爾女子足球俱樂部的故事。 Last year, the FA signed a three-year deal for broadcast rights to the Women's Super League, increasing funding and exposure for the game. Sky Sports will broadcast a minimum of 35 games a year on its pay TV channels, and the BBC will carry another 22 on its free-to-view network. 去年,英足總簽署了一項為期三年的女子超級聯賽轉播權協議,增加了比賽的資金和曝光率。天空體育台每年將在其付費電視頻道上轉播至少三十五場比賽,而BBC將在其免費收看的電視網另轉播二十二場比賽。 “It's not that long ago that girls, you know, top players, were paying for their own travel to get to matches and then having to get up to go to work the next day. So all of this is helping,” Newsham said of the funding. “You can see the difference now in the professionalism of the girls playing football.” 「不久之前,女性頂尖球員還需要自付旅費去參加比賽,然後第二天必須起床去上班。所以這些都是有所助益的」,紐沙姆談到這些資金時說道。「現在這些女性足球員的專業水準不可同日而語,大家有目共睹」。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/08/09/2003783186

    回顧星期天LBS - 紐西蘭相關時事趣聞 All about New Zealand

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 20, 2022 6:56


    Nice try but no potato for New Zealand couple's giant find A New Zealand couple who believed they had dug up the world's largest potato in the garden of their small farm near Hamilton have had their dreams turned to mash after Guinness World Records wrote to say that scientific testing had found it wasn't, in fact, a potato after all. 紐西蘭一對夫婦相信,他們在漢密頓附近自家小農場的菜園中,挖到世界上最大顆馬鈴薯,但金氏世界紀錄寫信告知他們,科學檢測發現這玩意兒完全不是馬鈴薯後,他們的幻想破滅了。 Colin Craig-Brown, who first hit the tuber of a gourd with a hoe last August when gardening with his wife Donna, said it sure looked and tasted like a potato. 去年8月,科林‧克雷格—布朗和太太多娜一起做園藝時,率先用鋤頭挖到葫蘆塊莖,並認為這看起來且嚐起來絕對就是馬鈴薯。 After months of submitting photos and paperwork, the couple got the bad news from Guinness in an email. 在提交照片和文件數月後,這對夫婦收到金氏世界紀錄用電子郵件寄送的壞消息。 "Dear Colin," the email begins, going on to say "sadly the specimen is not a potato and is in fact the tuber of a type of gourd. For this reason we do unfortunately have to disqualify the application." 信件以「親愛的科林」起頭後接下去說:「很遺憾,這個樣本不是馬鈴薯,實際上是某種葫蘆的塊莖。因此,很不幸的,我們必須撤銷這次的申請。」   Next Article   New Zealand announces measures to keep out omicron variant 紐西蘭宣布防範Omicron變種病毒株的措施 New Zealand will shorten the gap between second COVID-19 vaccine doses and boosters and push back the phased reopening of its borders in measures announced Tuesday to keep the omicron variant at bay. 紐西蘭週二宣布遏制Omicron變種病毒株的措施,將縮短接種新冠病毒疫苗第二劑以及加強劑的間隔時間,並延後逐步重新開放邊境的時間。 COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkin told reporters the government has agreed to a ``suite of precautionary measures'' in light of the threat posed by the omicron strain of the coronavirus. 新冠病毒疫情因應事務部長希普金向記者說,鑑於新冠病毒Omicron病毒株構成的威脅,政府已經同意「一套預防措施」。 The gap between a second vaccine dose and a booster will be shortened from six to four months, meaning 82 percent of vaccinated New Zealanders will be due for a booster by February. 第二劑和加強劑疫苗的施打間隔,將從6個月縮短為4個月,這表示82%已接種疫苗的紐西蘭人,將在2月前接種一劑加強針。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1531064 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1495418   Next Article   New Zealand announces measures to keep out omicron variant New Zealand will shorten the gap between second COVID-19 vaccine doses and boosters and push back the phased reopening of its borders in measures announced Tuesday to keep the omicron variant at bay. 紐西蘭週二宣布遏制Omicron變種病毒株的措施,將縮短接種新冠病毒疫苗第二劑以及加強劑的間隔時間,並延後逐步重新開放邊境的時間。 COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkin told reporters the government has agreed to a "suite of precautionary measures'' in light of the threat posed by the omicron strain of the coronavirus. 新冠病毒疫情因應事務部長希普金向記者說,鑑於新冠病毒Omicron病毒株構成的威脅,政府已經同意「一套預防措施」。 The gap between a second vaccine dose and a booster will be shortened from six to four months, meaning 82 percent of vaccinated New Zealanders will be due for a booster by February. 第二劑和加強劑疫苗的施打間隔,將從6個月縮短為4個月,這表示82%已接種疫苗的紐西蘭人,將在2月前接種一劑加強針。   Next Article   Middle Earth beckons in Air New Zealand safety video 中土在紐航飛安影片中召喚影迷 Fight a hobbit for an aisle seat? Get life jacket instructions from a beautiful female elf? Only on a plane to Middle Earth - or in an Air New Zealand safety video. 跟哈比人爭奪走道旁座位?由美麗的女精靈解說救生衣使用方式?這種事只會發生在飛往中土的飛機上,或者在紐西蘭航空的飛安宣導影片裡。 The company's latest in a series of variations on the usual dull pre-flight safety instructions has lifted a page from J.R.R. Tolkien's classic "The Hobbit" in the run-up to the world premiere of the film later this month, a bid to attract visitors to the nation where much of the film was shot. 紐航曾數度讓這種通常枯燥乏味的起飛前安全說明影片面目一新,而最新的一段影片則取自作家托爾金名著「哈比人歷險記」中的段落,並且趕在本月底由這部小說所改編的電影全球首映前推出,企圖吸引遊客前往電影拍攝地點紐西蘭觀光。 "An Unexpected Briefing," a play on the movie's title of "The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey," features crew members explaining flight safety to passengers embarking on a pilgrimage to Middle Earth, Tolkien's land of treasure, dragons and magic rings. 這段影片名為「意外的簡報」,不但片名仿效電影「哈比人:意外旅程」,片中的機組人員更向準備前往中土,也就是托爾金作品裡充滿寶藏、惡龍和魔戒之地朝聖的乘客解釋飛安說明。 Director Sir Peter Jackson, who received Academy Awards for the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy, makes a cameo appearance in the four-minute video, playing a passenger among the Orcs, pointy-eared elves and furry-footed hobbits that otherwise pack the seats. 曾因「魔戒」三部曲獲奧斯卡獎的導演傑克森也在這段四分鐘的影片中客串一角,坐在擠滿了半獸人、尖耳朵精靈和毛毛腳哈比人的機艙裡。 Die-hard Tolkien fans have flocked to the town of Matamata in the country's North Island, which earlier this year began tours to the set of Hobbiton, the town from which the story's hero, Bilbo Baggins, starts his journey. 托爾金的死忠書迷早已湧向紐國北島的馬塔馬塔市,當地於今年初開始推出哈比城場景的旅遊行程,哈比城則是故事主角巴金斯展開探險旅程的出發地。 Wellington, where Jackson and his Weta Workshop and studios are based, also has been cranking up the publicity machine before it rolls out the red carpet later this month. 傑克森及其威塔工作室所在地威靈頓同樣也在本月底電影正式上片前,全力發起宣傳活動。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1495418; https://monyear.pixnet.net/blog/post/66206828   Next Article   Mittens the cat could become New Zealander of the Year Mittens, a famous feline from Wellington, is in the running to be voted New Zealander of the Year, going up against Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and Director-General of Health Dr. Ashley Bloomfield. 來自威靈頓的知名母貓「米坦斯」,正在角逐紐西蘭年度人物票選,對上紐西蘭總理賈欣達.阿爾登與衛生部衛生事務首長艾希莉.布魯斐德博士。 The feline joins a host of nominees for the annual Kiwibank award, including figures from sectors such as politics, media, health, music and design. 這隻母貓獲得年度奇異鳥銀行獎的多項提名,該獎項包括政治界、媒體界、衛生界、音樂界與設計界的年度人物。 Other nominees for New Zealander of the Year include microbiologist Siouxsie Wiles and lawmaker Chloe Swarbrick. 其他紐西蘭年度人物的被提名人,還有微生物學家蘇西.威爾斯,與國會議員克羅伊.史瓦布里克。 The Wellington Museum has also dedicated a mini exhibition to Mittens and his adventures, named "Floofy and Famous." And in May the mayor of Wellington, Andy Foster, gave Mittens the key to the city, an honor previously granted to "The Lord of the Rings" director Peter Jackson. 威靈頓博物館也已經為米坦斯與牠的冒險辦了一場迷你展覽,名為「蓬鬆而知名」。5月時,威靈頓市市長安迪.佛斯特也給米坦斯這座城市的鑰匙,一項以前曾授予「魔戒」導演彼得.傑克森的榮譽。   Next Article   New Zealand votes to legalize euthanasia for terminally ill patients/紐西蘭表決通過絕症病患安樂死合法化 New Zealanders have voted in favor of legalizing euthanasia for people with a terminal illness - clearing the way for the controversial proposition to become law in 2021. 紐西蘭人已投票贊成絕症病患安樂死合法化——剷除讓此一具有爭議性的提案在2021年立法的障礙。 More than 65% of voters backed the proposed law, according to preliminary results of a referendum announced by the country's electoral commission Friday. 根據該國選舉委員會週五宣布的公投初步結果,超過65%的選民支持這項法律議案。 Lawmakers voted 69-51 to approve the End of Life Choice Act 2019 last year before sending the issue to a referendum. 該法案在(紐國)國會議員去年以69比51通過「2019終結生命選擇法」後,送交公投。 More than 2.4 million people took part in the poll, which was conducted alongside New Zealand's general election on October 17. 超過240萬人參加與10月17日紐西蘭大選一同舉行的投票。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1422581; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1396855

    15Mins Live Podcast - 我要跟我想還有什麼其他說法 Other ways to say “Want” and “Think”

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 19, 2022 72:40


    Other ways to say: WANT Wish 需求/希望 I wish to make a complaint. Feel like 想要/感覺 I feel like having a nice cool glass of lemonade. Need 需要/必要 I badly need a rest from all this. Desire 想要/欲求 The hotel had everything you could possibly desire. Fancy (informal) 想要 Do you fancy a drink this evening? Hope 想要/期望 I just hope she's pleasant to him on his birthday. Crave 想要滿足/口慾 Many young children crave attention. Long 期望/長而深遠 She longed to see him again.   Other ways to say: THINK Suppose 以為 I suppose we could afford a new car. Reckon 認為 I think it'll work. What do you reckon? Guess 猜 'So you won't be going there again?I guess not. Consider 考慮 He's considering buying a used car. Believe 相信 There is no reason to believe that he is not telling the truth. Deem 視作 The principal will take whatever action she deems appropriate in this case.   分享時間: Tell a personal experience related to want and think Pick 4 words and make sentences

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K420: About New Zealand - 巨大物體不是馬鈴薯與縮短疫苗間隔

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 18, 2022 2:45


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K420: About New Zealand - Nice try but no potato for New Zealand couple's giant find   A New Zealand couple who believed they had dug up the world's largest potato in the garden of their small farm near Hamilton have had their dreams turned to mash after Guinness World Records wrote to say that scientific testing had found it wasn't, in fact, a potato after all. 紐西蘭一對夫婦相信,他們在漢密頓附近自家小農場的菜園中,挖到世界上最大顆馬鈴薯,但金氏世界紀錄寫信告知他們,科學檢測發現這玩意兒完全不是馬鈴薯後,他們的幻想破滅了。 Colin Craig-Brown, who first hit the tuber of a gourd with a hoe last August when gardening with his wife Donna, said it sure looked and tasted like a potato. 去年8月,科林‧克雷格—布朗和太太多娜一起做園藝時,率先用鋤頭挖到葫蘆塊莖,並認為這看起來且嚐起來絕對就是馬鈴薯。 After months of submitting photos and paperwork, the couple got the bad news from Guinness in an email. 在提交照片和文件數月後,這對夫婦收到金氏世界紀錄用電子郵件寄送的壞消息。 "Dear Colin," the email begins, going on to say "sadly the specimen is not a potato and is in fact the tuber of a type of gourd. For this reason we do unfortunately have to disqualify the application." 信件以「親愛的科林」起頭後接下去說:「很遺憾,這個樣本不是馬鈴薯,實際上是某種葫蘆的塊莖。因此,很不幸的,我們必須撤銷這次的申請。」   Next Article   New Zealand announces measures to keep out omicron variant 紐西蘭宣布防範Omicron變種病毒株的措施   New Zealand will shorten the gap between second COVID-19 vaccine doses and boosters and push back the phased reopening of its borders in measures announced Tuesday to keep the omicron variant at bay. 紐西蘭週二宣布遏制Omicron變種病毒株的措施,將縮短接種新冠病毒疫苗第二劑以及加強劑的間隔時間,並延後逐步重新開放邊境的時間。 COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkin told reporters the government has agreed to a ``suite of precautionary measures'' in light of the threat posed by the omicron strain of the coronavirus. 新冠病毒疫情因應事務部長希普金向記者說,鑑於新冠病毒Omicron病毒株構成的威脅,政府已經同意「一套預防措施」。 The gap between a second vaccine dose and a booster will be shortened from six to four months, meaning 82 percent of vaccinated New Zealanders will be due for a booster by February. 第二劑和加強劑疫苗的施打間隔,將從6個月縮短為4個月,這表示82%已接種疫苗的紐西蘭人,將在2月前接種一劑加強針。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1531064 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1495418

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K419: About Japan - 東京最嚴重熱浪與企鵝被餵食較便宜的魚

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 17, 2022 3:11


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K419: About Japan - Tokyo June heatwave worst since 1875 as power supply creaks under strain   Japan baked under scorching temperatures for a fourth successive day on Tuesday, as the capital's heat broke nearly 150-year-old records for June and authorities warned power supply remained tight enough to raise the spectre of cuts. 日本週二連續第4天受炙熱高溫所苦,首善之地打破將近150年來的6月高溫紀錄,政府警告電力供應依然吃緊,增加斷電之虞。 Temperatures in Tokyo hit 35.1 C by 1 p.m local time on Tuesday. For a second day, authorities asked consumers in the Tokyo area to conserve electricity to avoid a looming power cut - but in moderation. 東京氣溫在週二下午1點達到攝氏35.1度。政府連續第二天要求東京地區用戶節約用電—但是適度地—以避免可能的斷電。 "Apparently there are some elderly people who have turned off their air conditioners because we are asking people to save energy, but please - it's this hot - don't hesitate about cooling off," trade and industry minister Koichi Hagiuda told a news conference. 經濟產業大臣萩生田光一在記者會上說,「顯然有一些老人因為我們要求民眾節約能源而關掉空調,但是,拜託,天氣這麼熱,請不要猶豫涼快一下」。   Next Article   Penguins at a Japanese aquarium are being fed cheaper fish - and they aren't happy 日本水族館的企鵝被餵食較便宜的魚—牠們不開心   An aquarium employee waves a mackerel near a penguin - but there's no reaction. When she moves the fish closer to its beak, the penguin turns away haughtily. An otter sniffs the fish, then runs away. 一名水族館員工拿著鯖魚在一隻企鵝身邊揮舞,但是企鵝沒反應。當她把魚靠近企鵝嘴邊,這隻企鵝倨傲地別過頭。一隻水獺聞了聞這隻鯖魚,然後游走。 Before, the Hakone-en Aquarium offered penguins and otters "aji," or Japanese horse mackerel, which the animals readily ate. 箱根園水族館之前給企鵝和水獺吃日本竹筴魚,牠們很樂意吃。 The price of aji has increased by 20% to 30% since last year, the aquarium said. So to cut costs, in May the aquarium switched to a cheaper alternative - "saba," or mackerel. 水族館說,自去年以來,竹夾魚價格已經上漲20%到30%。因此,為了削減成本,館方五月改用較便宜的替代品:鯖魚。 It has not been well received. The aquarium says penguins and otters have their preferred type of fish and the aquarium tries its best to accommodate their needs. 但是此舉並不很受到歡迎。水族館說,企鵝和水獺都有牠們偏好的魚種,館方設法盡量滿足他們的需要。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1530996 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1532193

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.132: 對雙胞胎的好奇心 Why do we have twins?

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 16, 2022 26:09


    Summary: We have been fascinated by celebrity twins of different generations. Twinz, By2, the Olsen twins just to name a few. In this episode, Angel and I talk about the twin celebrities that we grew up with and the types of twins out there. Comment down below if you have identical or non-identical twin friends!   Vocabulary: Girl band 女孩音樂團體 One of the famous twin girl bands in Asia is By2. 在亞洲出名的其中之一雙胞胎團體是By2。 Identical twin 同卵雙胞胎 Identical twins usually look alike and are of the same sex. 同卵雙胞胎通常長得很像並且是同一個性別。 In-vitro fertilization (IVF) n. 人工受孕 IVF is a common procedure for couples facing fertility issues. 當家庭面對生育問題時IVF是現下普遍的治療方式。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K418: 大型科技業者為何要砸錢爭直播運動賽事

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 15, 2022 4:02


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K418: Why Big Tech Is Making a Big Play for Live Sports   More than a decade after Apple disrupted the music industry and Amazon upended retail, the tech heavyweights have set their sights on a new arena ripe for change: live sports. 在蘋果擾亂音樂產業和亞馬遜顛覆零售業十多年後,這兩大重量級科技公司眼光投向一個成熟到可以改變的新領域:體育賽事直播。 Emboldened by their deep pockets and eager to boost viewership of their streaming-subscription services, Apple and Amazon have thrust themselves into negotiations for media rights held by the NFL, MLB, Formula One racing and college conferences. 蘋果和亞馬遜自恃財力雄厚,且渴望增加自家串流訂閱服務觀眾,於是全力投入談判,向職業美式足球聯盟(NFL)、美國職棒大聯盟、一級方程式賽車和大專院校體育聯盟爭取轉播權。 They are competing to replace DirecTV for the rights to NFL Sunday Ticket, a package the league wants to sell for more than $2.5 billion annually, about $1 billion more than it currently costs, according to five people familiar with the process. Eager not to miss out, Google has also offered a bid from YouTube for the rights beginning in 2023, two people familiar with the offer said. 根據五名知情人士說法,這兩家公司爭的是取代美國AT&T旗下串流平台DirecTV,取得「NFL周日賽」套餐的轉播權,NFL希望這個套餐每年能賣到超過25億美元,比目前售價貴10億美元左右。兩名消息人士透露,Google不想錯過,也以旗下串流媒體YouTube名義競標2023年起的賽季轉播權。 The NFL Sunday Ticket package — which shows out-of-market Sunday NFL games that aren't being shown on local television — is available because DirecTV chose not to bid. It has been losing as much as $500 million annually on the package, though it has also benefited from a reliable base of about 2 million subscribers. NFL周日賽套餐,播放的是觀眾居住地電視台無法放映的NFL周日賽事。這個套餐能供人爭取,是因為DirecTV選擇不再競標。DirecTV每年因為這個套餐損失多達5億美元,即使能從大約200萬名可靠訂戶獲利。 Apple is considered the front-runner, according to a dozen people in the sports, media and tech industries. But a final deal has been delayed by negotiations over a concurrent sale of NFL media assets, including the NFL Network, RedZone channel and NFL+, a new subscription service that provides access to live games on mobile devices. 根據體育、媒體與科技業12名消息人士說法,蘋果被認為取得領先。不過,最終協議因為NFL同時出售媒體資產的談判而延後,媒體資產包括NFL電視網、紅區體育頻道和在行動裝置上直播賽事的新訂閱服務NFL+。 Apple has made winning the package a priority. Tim Cook, Apple's CEO, has met with league officials and influential team owners, according to three people familiar with the process. Apple declined to comment. 蘋果把贏得套餐視為優先要務。根據三名知情人士說法,蘋果執行長庫克已跟NFL高層和具影響力的球隊老闆見過面。蘋果拒絕對此置評。 Still, Amazon, ESPN+ and YouTube, which explored a bid for the rights in 2014, remain in the hunt, some of these people said. Brian Rolapp, the NFL's chief media and business officer, said in a statement that the league expects to finalize a deal in the coming months. 不過,部分知情人士說,亞馬遜、迪士尼旗下體育串流平台ESPN+和曾在2014年企圖買下NFL周日賽事轉播權的YouTube仍在爭取。NFL媒體與業務長羅拉普發表聲明說,NFL預計在未來數月內敲定協議。 Fans will still be able to access all the games on Sundays, regardless of who wins the rights, but they will probably pay a premium to add the service to their Apple, Amazon, ESPN+ or YouTube service, some of the dozen people said. It is not yet clear if that premium would be more or less than the $294 that DirecTV charges for a year, they added. 這12人中有幾人說,不論是誰贏得轉播權,觀眾都能看到周日所有比賽,但可能要加價,才能把這個服務加到自己的蘋果、亞馬遜、ESPN+或YouTube平台。他們說,還不清楚加價部分會比DirecTV年費294美元高或低。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6516297

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K417: 芭比娃娃母公司開壓箱寶重振品牌

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 14, 2022 3:53


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K417: Mattel Opens Its Vault to Revitalize Dormant Brands   Barbie is about to reunite with some old friends. Mattel, the maker of the popular fashion doll, is dusting off three dormant lines that have not been on toy shelves in decades: Major Matt Mason, Big Jim and Pulsar. 芭比娃娃即將跟一些老朋友團聚了。廣受歡迎的時尚玩偶製造商美泰兒,正重新推出三款沉寂已久、數十年未出現在玩具貨架上的系列:馬特.梅森少校、大吉姆及Pulsar。 The reappearance of three action heroes is part of a strategy hatched by Ynon Kreiz, Mattel's chief executive, to capitalize on the company's intellectual property by reviving old brands for new generations. 三個動作英雄重現,是美泰兒執行長克雷茲規劃策略的一部分。克雷茲希望利用公司的智慧財產權,為新世代重振老品牌。 Mattel will reintroduce the toy lines under an umbrella label called Back in Action this week at Comic-Con International, the pop-culture fan fest in San Diego. 美泰兒將在本周使用名為「重出江湖」的主題標籤,在聖地牙哥國際動漫節上重新推出這些玩具系列。 “This is our toe in the water,” said PJ Lewis, vice president of global marketing at Mattel. “Back in Action helps us maintain the validity of our IP and decide what's next.” 美泰兒全球行銷副總裁劉易士說:「這是我們的嘗試。『重出江湖』幫我們保持智財權的有效性,然後再決定下一步。」 Kreiz's strategy has helped Mattel turn around its sagging fortunes since he took over in 2018. The company reported a 19% jump in sales in 2021, to $5.5 billion, and despite supply-chain bottlenecks and the rising costs of raw materials, it has forecast growth of 8% to 10% this year. 克雷茲2018年接掌美泰兒以來,他的策略幫美泰兒扭轉每下愈況的命運。據該公司財報,2021年銷售額成長19%至55億美元。儘管供應鏈出現瓶頸,原物料成本不斷上漲,但該公司預測今年成長幅度將達8%至10%。 Part of the toymaker's recent success derives from the expansion of legacy brands. Barbie will feature in a live-action movie starring Margot Robbie, one of a dozen films in the works for various Mattel brands, including a live-action Hot Wheels movie produced by J.J. Abrams' Bad Robot production company and one for Masters of the Universe, in partnership with Netflix. Other brands headed to the big screen include Thomas the Tank Engine, Magic Eight Ball and Polly Pocket. 這家玩具製造商近來的成功,部分源於傳統品牌的擴張。芭比娃娃將成為真人電影主角,由瑪格羅比主演,這是美泰兒各個品牌正在製作的十多部電影之一,其中包括由J.J.亞伯拉罕的「壞機器人」製作公司製作的真人電影「風火輪」,以及跟Netflix合作的「太空超人:啟示錄」。其他被搬上大銀幕的品牌還包括湯瑪士小火車、神奇八號球以及口袋波莉。 But how will Mattel generate interest in brands that have been off toy shelves for decades? 但美泰兒如何讓人們對消失在玩具貨架上數十年的品牌產生興趣呢? Major Matt Mason, an astronaut action figure, was introduced in 1967 and saw success until children began to lose interest in space exploration. He resurfaced in pop culture in 2019 when Tom Hanks signed on to produce and star in a forthcoming movie about the spaceman. Big Jim arrived in 1971, followed by Pulsar in 1976, but they too have been out of the public eye for decades. 馬特.梅森少校是1967年推出的太空人可動玩偶,在孩子們開始對太空探索失去興趣前取得成功。他2019年於流行文化中再次亮相,當時湯姆漢克簽約製作並演出這部即將上映、關於這位太空人的電影。大吉姆在1971年問世,緊接著是1976年的Pulsar,但它們都已離開公眾視野數十年了。 Mattel's strategy for reviving a dormant brand is to engage hard-core fans first, said Richard Dickson, the company's president and chief operating officer. If they take to it, the next step is to come up with tie-in content and create a toy line for children. 美泰兒總裁兼營運長迪克森說,該公司重振沉寂品牌的策略是先吸引鐵桿粉絲。如果他們接受,下一步就是想出搭配內容,為孩子們創造一個玩具系列。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6498720

    回顧星期天LBS - 南韓相關時事趣聞 All about South Korea

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 13, 2022 5:45


    Topic: Chip shortage hitting Korean carmakers   The continued automotive semiconductor shortage is hitting Korean carmakers, with General Motors Korea announcing plans to halve its vehicle production at its plant here. 隨著「韓國通用汽車」宣布旗下車廠減半其汽車產量的計畫,車用半導體持續短缺,正衝擊南韓車商。 GMK said Thursday it decided to halve production at its Bupyeong 2 plant for February. The plant has a daily production capacity of 480 vehicles ― the cut will lead it to monthly production of around 5,000. 韓國通用汽車週四決定其(仁川)「富平2廠」的產量減半。該廠每日產能480輛─此一減產將致使其每月產量為約5000輛。 Analysts say it is tough to say exactly how long the automotive chip shortage could last, while UBS investment bank said it was expecting the supply-demand mismatch will improve sometime in the third quarter. 分析師說,很難講車用晶片荒究竟可能會延續多久。瑞銀投資銀行則表示,其預計供需失衡的情況將在第三季某個時刻得到改善。 Next Article Biden's focus on rebuilding allies to impact Korea-US relations 拜登聚焦重建與盟邦關係 將影響韓美關係 President Joe Biden's attention to "repairing alliances" has raised hopes that things between South Korea and U.S. will be different under the new U.S. leader. (美國)總統拜登關注「修補同盟」,已提高韓美間的情況將在這位美國新領袖下有所不同的希望。 "This will involve reaching an agreement on Special Measures Agreement negotiations fairly quickly, taking South Korea's views on North Korea into consideration even if Seoul's and Washington's positions are different, cooperation in multilateral issues such as climate change or trade, and trying to get the Moon Jae-in government on board his administration's position on China," Ramon Pacheco Pardo, who serves as associate professor of international relations at King's College London. 倫敦國王學院國際關係副教授拉蒙‧巴奇可‧帕爾多說,「這將包括很快會就(分攤駐韓美軍經費的)『特別措施協定』達成協議。即使首爾與華府的立場不同,仍將南韓對北韓的看法納入考量。在氣候變遷或貿易之類的多邊議題上合作。還有試著使(南韓總統)文在寅政府加入拜登政府對中國的立場」。 "I would also expect Biden to support South Korea becoming part of an expanded G7 or similar forum, and supporting a more vocal Seoul in international relations," added Pardo. 帕爾多還說,「我也預料拜登將支持南韓躋身一個擴大的『七大工業國』或類似論壇的成員,並支持一個在國際關係上更勇於發聲的首爾」。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1430611 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1422097   Next Article   Topic: Internet Explorer gravestone goes viral in South Korea   For Jung Ki-young, a South Korean software engineer, Microsoft Corp's decision to retire its Internet Explorer web browser marked the end of a quarter-century love-hate relationship with the technology. 對南韓軟體工程師鄭其永(譯音)來說,微軟公司讓它的「網際網路探險家(IE)」網路瀏覽器退休的決定,代表著與這項科技愛恨交織四分之一個世紀的關係的結束。 To commemorate its demise, he spent a month and 430,000 won designing and ordering a headstone with Explorer's "e" logo and the English epitaph: "He was a good tool to download other browsers." 為了紀念IE的隕落,他花了一個月和43萬韓元設計並訂製一個墓碑,上面有IE的「e」的商標,以及英文的墓誌銘:「他是個用來下載其他瀏覽器的好工具」。 After the memorial went on show at a cafe run by his brother in the southern city of Gyeongju, a photo of the tombstone went viral. 這個紀念碑在南方城市慶州由他的兄弟所經營的一家咖啡館展出後,墓碑的照片在網路上爆紅。 Jung said the memorial showed his mixed feelings for the older software, which had played such a big part in his working life. 鄭其永說,這個紀念碑顯示出他對這款在他的工作生活中發揮了重大作用的古老軟體的複雜感情。 "It was a pain in the ass, but I would call it a love-hate relationship because Explorer itself once dominated an era," he told Reuters. 他告訴路透:「它是個令人厭煩的東西,但我會稱之為愛恨交織的關係,因為探險家一度主導一個時代」。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1528843 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/595260   Next Article   Topic: South Korean toilet turns excrement into power and digital currency   Cho Jae-weon, an urban and environmental engineering professor at the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST), has designed an eco-friendly toilet connected to a laboratory that uses excrement to produce biogas and manure. 南韓國立蔚山科學技術研究院的都市和環境工程教授趙宰元(譯音),設計出一種環境友善的馬桶,可透過與一間實驗室連線,將糞便製造成生物沼氣和肥料。 The BeeVi toilet - a portmanteau of the words bee and vision - uses a vacuum pump to send faeces into an underground tank, reducing water use. There, microorganisms break down the waste to methane, which becomes a source of energy for the building, powering a gas stove, hot-water boiler and solid oxide fuel cell. 這個馬桶名為BeeVi,為蜜蜂和視野的英文字詞的混成詞。它用真空幫浦將排泄物送至地下儲存槽,以減少用水。槽內的微生物將排泄物分解成沼氣,進而為大樓提供電力,點燃瓦斯爐、熱水器,以及做為固態氧化物燃料電池的燃料。 An average person defecates about 500g a day, which can be converted to 50 litres of methane gas. This gas can generate 0.5kWh of electricity or be used to drive a car for about 1.2km. 每人每天平均排便500公克,可轉換成50升沼氣,進而產生0.5千瓦時的電力,使汽車行進約1.2公里。 Next Article Why Koreans could soon become a year younger 為什麼韓國人可能即將年輕1歲 "How old are you"? It's a simple question with a clear answer. But for those in South Korea, answering this question is anything but straightforward. 「你幾歲?」這是答案很清楚的簡單問題,但是對南韓人來說,回答這個問題一點也不簡單。 In South Korea, when a baby is born they are considered a year old. Come New Year's Day, they gain another year. This means a baby born in December would be considered to be two years old in just a few weeks. 在南韓,寶寶一出生就被認為已經1歲。到了新年,他們又多了1歲。這意味著,12月出生的寶寶,僅僅幾週就會被認為已經2歲大。 But this "Korean age" method may soon change as the country's president-elect Yoon Suk-yeol is pushing for this centuries-old method of counting to be abolished. 不過,這種「韓國年紀」算法或許即將改變,因為該國總統當選人尹錫悅正推動廢除這種已有幾世紀之久的年齡計算法。 Lee Yong-ho, the chief of the president-elect's transition committee, said the incoming administration was looking to standardise the way age is counted in order to bring South Korea in line with the rest of the world. 總統當選人交接委員會主席李勇浩說,即將上任的新政府正準備將計算年齡方式標準化,讓南韓與世界其他地方一致。Soure article: https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1485239 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1517919

    15Mins Live Podcast - 2022高雄熱氣球節與文章隨堂考 KH Balloon Festival and quiz

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 12, 2022 64:18


    即刻加入15Mins通勤學英語直播室,每週一9pm等你來說英文 : https://15minsengcafe.pse.is/46hm8k   主題: 跟讀挑戰 – 2022高雄熱氣球節與文章隨堂考 KH Balloon Festival and quiz 摘取文章: https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/4615508 The Kaohsiung Tourism Bureau will be running tethered hot air balloon rides in September in the 2022 Kaohsiung Balloon Festival, while tickets will go on sale from 5 p.m. on Friday (Aug. 5), the bureau announced Wednesday (Aug. 3). There will be 23 sessions of tethered hot air balloon rides at Moon World in Tienliao District and 10 sessions at the Love River in the downtown area, the bureau said. Under fair weather conditions, the entire event can provide rides for 5,000 people. According to the bureau, the morning session will run approximately from 6-8 a.m., and the afternoon session will take place approximately from 4-6 p.m. as exact times will vary slightly, depending on the weather conditions as well as the sunrise and sunset times each day. Tickets can be purchased via the ibon ticketing system at 7-Eleven convenience stores across the country or other online ticketing systems from 5 p.m. on Friday. Tickets can also be purchased on-site during the activity period. A ticket sells for NT$500 (US$16.50).   隨堂考Quiz What does “tethered” mean How many sessions of hot air balloon rides are available in Kaohsiung? What kind of weather conditions are “fair weather”? Where can you get the tickets and how much are they?

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K416: About Spain - 西班牙免費提供火車旅行與訓馬諮詢

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 11, 2022 3:29


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K416: About Spain - Spain to make some train journeys free from September   Public transport prices on state-owned service across Spain have already been slashed in half in response to rapidly rising energy and inflation rates. Now the government has announced further 100% discounts. 為因應能源價格和通膨率飆升,西班牙各地的國營公共運輸價格已經下調一半,如今近西班牙政府更宣布新的100%減價方案。 As of September, passengers will be able to travel across various trains operated by public train network Renfe for absolutely nothing. 今年9月起,乘客將可完全免費乘坐由西班牙國家鐵路公司(Renfe)營運的多種列車。 Spain's Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has announced that multi-journey tickets for trains operated by the network's public services Cercanías, Rodalies and Media Distance (equivalent to local and medium-distance journeys) are to be free of charge from September 1 up until the end of the year. 西班牙總理桑切斯宣布,從9月1日到今年年底,西班牙國家鐵路公司將免費提供Cercanías、Rodalies和Media Distance營運的火車聯程車票(相當於本地與中距離旅程)。 The measure excludes single-journey tickets, or long-distance travels, according to public broadcaster TVE. Multi-journey tickets include a minimum of 10 return trips. 西班牙國家電視台報導,聯程票包含至少10次往返旅程,但排除單程票和長途票。   Next Article   Spain horse whisperer's animals mirror stress sufferers' state of mind 西班牙馴馬師的動物反映了壓力患者的心理狀態   In the Guadalix mountains outside Madrid, Argentine horse whisperer Fernando Noailles uses his animals to help people suffering from stress and anxiety. 在馬德里外圍的瓜達利斯山裡,阿根廷馴馬師費爾南多.諾瓦耶斯出動他的動物,來幫助蒙受壓力與焦慮的民眾。 The 57-year-old, who spent many years in the Patagonian wilderness living with horses, uses the animals as a way for patients to interpret and control their emotions. 這位曾在巴塔哥尼亞原野與馬兒生活多年的57歲男子,用這些動物做為病人解讀與控制自身情緒的一種方法。 People who come to his sessions spend time with the horses and learn through the movement of the animal what mental state they themselves are in, says Noailles, who charges up to 120 euros per session. 每堂課收費高達120歐元的諾瓦耶斯說,來到他課堂的民眾和馬兒共度時光,並透過馬兒的動作,來認識自身當下的心理狀態。 "The horse is a mirror," he says. "They are gregarious creatures, born to live in herds." 他說,「馬是面鏡子。」「牠們是群居動物,天生活在馬群裡。」 The therapy consists in monitoring how the horse responds to the client's moods. From watching the horse's reaction, the client learns how to identify and control emotions, he says. 這種療法在於監測馬兒如何呼應客戶心情。他說,從觀察馬的反應,客戶學會如何辨識和控制情緒。 "People in the first session, when they are in a difficult state of mind, see a horse that doesn't stop, that moves, that even gallops. The horse is showing you a mind that doesn't stop, that is tormented," he says. 他說:「處於困難心理狀態之中時,民眾上第一堂課,看著一匹動不停、甚至狂奔的馬兒。這匹馬對你顯示了一顆受到折磨的不停歇的心。」Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1530547 ; https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1205649

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K415: About Munich - 啤酒換葵花籽油與海軍司令對普廷評論

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 10, 2022 3:14


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K415: About Munich - Beer for sunflower oil? Munich pub finds way to beat frying crunch   A Munich brewpub has found a novel way to beat Europe's cooking oil shortages - letting customers pay for their beer with sunflower oil to ensure plentiful stocks for frying schnitzels. 慕尼黑一家啤酒館找出一種創新的方法來擊退歐洲的食用油短缺問題 - 讓顧客用葵花籽油來支付他們的啤酒,藉此確保炸肉排的油有充足的庫存。 With Ukraine and Russia accounting for about 80% of global exports of sunflower seed oil, many European countries including Germany have seen supplies dwindle since Russia invaded its neighbour in February. 烏克蘭和俄羅斯的葵花籽油出口量佔全球約80%,自2月俄羅斯入侵這個鄰國以來,包括德國在內的許多歐洲國家都出現葵花籽油供應不足的現象。 Managers at the Giesinger Brewery, a brewhouse and pub in the southern city of Munich, think they may have the answer, offering beer lovers a litre of their favourite brew for the same quantity of sunflower oil. 在南方城市慕尼黑的這家啤酒廠兼酒館「吉辛格啤酒廠」的經理人,認為他們可能有了解答,提供啤酒愛好者一公升他們最愛的啤酒,來換取同樣數量的葵花籽油。 "The whole thing came up because we simply ran out of oil in the kitchen and that's why we have to be inventive," the pub manager, Erik Hoffmann, told Reuters TV. 酒館經理艾瑞克.霍夫曼告訴路透電視,「這整件事情會發生,純粹是因為我們廚房的油用完了,那就是為什麼我們必須要別出心裁」。 While a litre of beer costs about 7 euros in German pubs, a one-litre bottle of sunflower oil retails for about 4.5 euros - making the offer tempting for many customers. 一公升的啤酒在德國酒館要價約7歐元,而一公升瓶裝的葵花籽油零售價則約為4.5歐元,因此這個提案對許多顧客充滿誘惑力。   Next Article   German government distances itself from navy chief's comments on Putin 德國政府撇清與海軍司令對普廷評論的關係 The German government distanced itself from comments made by its navy chief after video footage emerged in which the vice-admiral said Russian President Vladimir Putin deserved respect and that Kyiv would never win back annexed Crimea from Moscow. 德國政府在海軍司令談話影片曝光後撇清關係;影片中這名中將說,俄羅斯總統普廷值得受到尊重,基輔將永遠無法從莫斯科手中奪回被兼併的克里米亞。 German Navy Chief Kay-Achim Schoenbach apologized for his "rash" comments, published on YouTube and widely circulated on German media, and called them a mistake. 德國海軍司令凱—阿希姆‧薛恩巴赫為他的「輕率」談話道歉,聲稱那些評論是個錯誤。這些談話在YouTube上被公開,並且在德國媒體廣為流傳。 In the video, Schoenbach, speaking in English, says Putin seeks to be treated at eye level by the West. "What he (Putin) really wants is respect," Schoenbach says. 在那段影片中,以英語發言的薛恩巴赫說,普廷尋求被西方平等對待。「他(普廷)真正想要的是尊重」,薛恩巴赫說。

    精選詞彙播客 Vocab Ep.131: 中元節期間13大禁忌 Taboos in the Ghost month

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 9, 2022 31:02


    Summary: Every summer season, there's a special festival that people celebrate in Taiwan. Although called the "Ghost month", it is actually a day that people pay tribute to those before them. In this episode, Angel and I talk about the taboos of the Ghost month. Comment down below what your family traditions are for the Ghost Festival!   Vocabulary: Taboo n. 禁忌 There are many taboos to watch out for during the Ghost month. 在鬼月有需多禁忌需要注意的。 Pay tribute to 向...致敬 Chinese cultures pay tribute to elders, ancestors, and those before them through festivals. 中華文化是透過節慶來向長輩,祖先與先人致敬。 Offering n. 供品 The best offering are the food and snacks that you would want to have. 最好的供品就是自己想吃的。   更多Vocab Podcast節目: https://www.15mins.today/vocab 歡迎主題投稿/意見回覆 : ask15mins@gmail.com 商業合作/贊助來信:15minstoday@gmail.com

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K414: 氣候變化如何使熱浪、野火席捲歐洲

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 8, 2022 5:29


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K414: How climate change drives heatwaves and wildfires in Europe   Europe is in the grip of a record-breaking heatwave and wildfires are raging across the Mediterranean. Here's how climate change drives these events. HOTTER, MORE FREQUENT HEATWAVES Climate change makes heatwaves hotter and more frequent. This is the case for most land regions, and has been confirmed by the UN's global panel of climate scientists (IPCC). Greenhouse gas emissions from human activities have heated the planet by about 1.2°C since pre-industrial times. That warmer baseline means higher temperatures can be reached during extreme heat events. But other conditions affect heatwaves too. In Europe, atmospheric circulation is an important factor. FINGERPRINTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE To find out exactly how much climate change affected a specific heatwave, scientists conduct “attribution studies”. Since 2004, more than 400 such studies have been done for extreme weather events, including heat, floods and drought — calculating how much of a role climate change played in each. This involves simulating the modern climate hundreds of times and comparing it to simulations of a climate without human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. For example, scientists with World Weather Attribution determined that a record-breaking heatwave in western Europe in June 2019 was 100 times more likely to occur now in France and the Netherlands than if humans had not changed the climate. HEATWAVES WILL STILL GET WORSE The global average temperature is around 1.2°C warmer than in pre-industrial times. That is already driving extreme heat events. Temperatures will only cease rising if humans stop adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Until then, heatwaves are set to worsen. A failure to tackle climate change would see heat extremes escalate even more dangerously. Countries agreed under the global 2015 Paris Agreement to cut emissions fast enough to limit global warming to 2°C and aim for 1.5°C, to avoid its most dangerous impacts. Current policies would not cut emissions fast enough to meet either goal. CLIMATE CHANGE DRIVES WILDFIRES Climate change increases hot and dry conditions that help fires spread faster, burn longer and rage more intensely. Hotter weather also saps moisture from vegetation, turning it into dry fuel that helps fires to spread. CLIMATE CHANGE ISN'T THE ONLY FACTOR IN FIRES Forest management and ignition sources are also important factors. In Europe, more than nine out of 10 fires are ignited by human activities, like arson, disposable barbeques, electricity lines, or littered glass, according to EU data. Countries, including Spain, face the challenge of shrinking populations in rural areas, as people move to cities, leaving smaller workforces to clear vegetation and avoid “fuel” for forest fires building up. Some actions can help to limit severe blazes, such as setting controlled fires that mimic the low-intensity fires in natural ecosystem cycles, or introducing gaps within forests to stop blazes rapidly spreading over large areas. But scientists concur that without steep cuts to the greenhouse gases causing climate change, heatwaves, wildfires, flooding and drought will significantly worsen. 歐洲正受破紀錄熱浪的侵襲,地中海地區野火肆虐。氣候變化如何造成這些事件,說明如下。 更熱、更頻繁的熱浪 氣候變化使熱浪變得更熱、更頻繁。大部分陸地區皆然,此業經聯合國政府間氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)證實。 人類活動所排放的溫室氣體,使地球溫度較前工業時期升高了約攝氏一點二度。較暖的基線表示極端高溫事件所達到的溫度可以更高。 但其他條件也會影響熱浪。在歐洲,大氣環流是個重要因素。 氣候變化的指紋 為準確了解氣候變化對一個熱浪的影響程度,科學家進行了「歸因研究」。自二○○四年以來,已有逾四百項針對高溫、洪水及乾旱等極端天氣事件的此類研究──計算氣候變化在各事件中之作用。 其研究方式為模擬現代氣候數百次,並將之與無人為溫室氣體排放的模擬氣候進行比較。 例如,科學家及世界氣候歸因組織確定,二○一九年六月西歐破紀錄的熱浪,現今在法國及荷蘭發生的可能性較人類未改變氣候時高一百倍。 熱浪仍將加劇 全球平均氣溫比前工業化時期高攝氏一點二度左右。這已在造成極端高溫事件。 只有人類停止在大氣中增加溫室氣體,溫度才會停止上升,否則熱浪勢必將惡化。若無法抑止氣候變化,極端高溫將會升高到更危險的地步。 根據二○一五年全球《巴黎協定》,各國同意以足夠快的速度減少排放,以將全球暖化限制在 2°C,並以 1.5°C 為目標,以避免其衝擊達到最危險的地步。目前的政策減少排放的速度不夠快,這兩個目標都無法達到。 氣候變化造成野火 氣候變化讓炎熱及乾燥加劇,這樣的條件助長了火勢,讓其蔓延速度更快、燃燒時間更長、肆虐得更猛烈。 更熱的天氣也會吸乾植被中的水分,把它變成助長火勢蔓延的乾燥燃料。 氣候變化並非火災之唯一因素 森林管理和火源也是重要因素。根據歐盟資料,在歐洲,十分之九的火災是人類活動所引發,例如縱火、拋棄式烤肉架、電線或亂丟的玻璃。 包括西班牙在內的國家面臨農村人口減少的挑戰,因為住民移居城市,讓勞動力變少,不足以清理植被,避免其成為森林大火的「燃料」。 一些行動對抑制嚴重的火災有所幫助,例如進行計畫火災,模仿自然生態系統循環中的低強度火災,或是在森林中導入空隙,以防止火災迅速蔓延至大區域。 但科學家一致認為,若不大幅減少導致氣候變化的溫室氣體,熱浪、野火、洪水及乾旱將會大幅惡化。

    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K413: 英國首相強生從壓倒性大勝到政權內爆

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 7, 2022 4:03


    每日英語跟讀 Ep.K413:  The Delightful Implosion of Boris Johnson   There isn't much good news in the world these days, so it's worth taking time to appreciate the delightful implosion of soon-to-be former Prime Minister Boris Johnson. 最近世界上沒有多少好消息,所以即將成為英國前首相的強生政權令人愉悅的內爆,值得花時間欣賞一下。 His 2019 landslide victory against the hapless Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party seemed to be ushering in a long period of right-wing dominance. Johnson, said The Economist, “is well placed to become one of the most powerful prime ministers in modern times.” Less than three years later, undone by scandal, incompetence and the rebellion of his own party, he's announced plans to step aside once a new conservative leader can be found. 強生2019年壓倒性大勝時運不濟的工黨黨魁柯賓,似開啟一段長期由右翼主導的時期。經濟學人雜誌說,強生「有優越條件可成為現代權力最大的首相之一」。不到三年,被醜聞、無能和黨內叛變摧毀的他,宣布只要保守黨選出新黨魁就下台。 Johnson, a nationalist demagogue and mendacious blowhard, has often been compared to Donald Trump, right down to the poufy yellow hair. Their political careers have certain parallels. 強生是個民族主義煽動家和撒謊的吹牛專家,常被拿來與美國前總統川普相提並論,包括那蓬鬆的金髮。他們的政治生涯有些相似。 The shocking success of the Brexit referendum, the cause Johnson eventually rode to power, presaged Trump's even more shocking presidential victory. Both shared a contempt for truth and the norms of their respective governments. 英國脫歐公投令人震驚的成功,是強生最終躍居權力頂峰的原因,也預示川普更教人驚駭的總統大選勝利。兩人都藐視真相和他們各自政府的規範。 But, of course, Britain and the United States are very different countries. British people are still evidently capable of being shocked by officials' sexual harassment and shameless untruths, even when those officials are on their side. Their country is not heavily armed and does not have a powerful faction that regularly threatens violence. Britain still appears to have some minimal social agreement about acceptable political behavior. 不過,英美兩國當然非常不同。英國人顯然還會因為官員性騷擾和無恥謊言而震驚,即便那些官員屬於他們支持的政黨。他們的國家並未全副武裝,也沒有一個經常威脅動用暴力的有力派系。英國對於可以接受的政治行為,似乎仍有某種最低限度的社會共識。 That was partly because Britain's lockdown was much stricter than ours and applied to the whole country; unlike Trump's partying in 2020, Johnson's violated rules his government was imposing on others. Still, to be really furious at hypocrisy, you have to have some expectation that people in power will follow the rules. And to be shamed by the revelation of hypocrisy, as the Tories seemed to be, you have to accept that the standards applied to others also apply to you. 那種情況部分是因為英國的防疫封鎖比我們美國嚴格很多,而且適用於全國;不像川普2020年的狂歡派對,強生的派對違反他的政府施加於別人的規則。不過,要對虛偽由衷憤怒,你得抱持某種期待,冀望掌權者遵守規則。要對虛偽情事被揭發感到丟臉,就像保守黨員看來那樣,你得相信適用於別人的標準同樣適用於你。 Johnson's career is ending, at least for now, the way Trump's should have ended — with public revulsion leading his own party to oust him. Like Trump, Johnson initially wanted to cling to power when it was no longer feasible; unlike with Trump, there was never a prospect of him summoning an armed mob. Watching Johnson's fall after living through Trump is like chasing a slasher film with a cozy mystery. Both may be murder stories, but only one has a reassuring order to it. 強生的政治生涯結束了,至少目前如此,因大眾的厭惡引發他自己的黨推翻他。川普的政治生涯也該這樣結束。跟川普一樣,強生大勢已去時一開始也曾想緊抓權力;不像川普的是,強生完全沒機會召集武裝暴民。經歷過整個川普時期再來看強生下台,就像看一部帶有安逸推理小說味道的血腥恐怖片。兩者可能都是謀殺劇,但只有一個有令人寬慰的秩序。Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/6481604

    回顧星期天LBS - 澳洲相關時事趣聞 All about Australia

    Play Episode Listen Later Aug 6, 2022 7:49


    Topic: World's biggest plant discovered off Australian coast   The largest known plant on Earth - a seagrass roughly three times the size of Manhattan - has been discovered off the coast of Australia. 地球上已知的最大植物-大約是曼哈頓面積3倍大的一種海草-已在澳洲海岸外被發現。 Using genetic testing, scientists have determined a large underwater meadow in Western Australia is in fact one plant. 使用基因測定,科學家已判定在西澳洲的一片大型水下草甸其實是一棵植物。 It is believed to have spread from a single seed over at least 4,500 years. The seagrass covers about 200 sq km , researchers from the University of Western Australia said. 據信這片草甸從一顆種子擴散而成,歷時至少4500年。西澳洲大學的研究人員說,這棵海草覆蓋的面積約200平方公里。 The team stumbled upon the discovery by accident at Shark Bay, about 800km north of Perth. They had set out to understand the genetic diversity of the species - also known as ribbon weed - which is commonly found along parts of Australia's coast. 研究團隊在伯斯北方約800公里的鯊魚灣意外找到這發現。他們先是著手了解這些常在澳洲部份海岸被發現的物種-也被稱為絲帶海草-的基因多樣性。 Researchers collected shoots from across the bay and examined 18,000 genetic markers to create a "fingerprint" from each sample. They had aimed to discover how many plants made up the meadow. 研究人員從整個鯊魚灣蒐集幼芽,並且檢視了1萬8000個基因標記來為每個樣本製造「指紋」。他們原本目標是要找出有多少棵植物構成這片草甸。 "The answer blew us away - there was just one!" said Jane Edgeloe, the study's lead author. 該研究主要作者珍.艾吉羅說:「這個答案讓我們大吃一驚,居然只有一棵!」   Next Article   Topic: Not a square to spare: Australian shops ration toilet paper amid coronavirus panic 一張都不分:澳洲商店在冠狀病毒恐慌中限購衛生紙 Australia's major grocers put strict limits on purchases of toilet paper on Wednesday, after shoppers stripped shelves in a rush of panic buying spurred by fears over a coronavirus. 在購物者因冠狀病毒掀起的恐慌而倉皇大肆搶購,將貨架上商品一掃而空後,澳洲大型零售商店週三對購買衛生紙祭出嚴格限制。 The demand for toilet paper, in particular, has sparked the trending hashtags #toiletpapergate and #toiletpapercrisis on Twitter, along with photographs of overloaded shopping trolleys, and calls for calm from baffled officials. 尤其,對衛生紙的需求已經在「推特」掀起「衛生紙門」和「衛生紙危機」熱門話題標籤,以及一張張堆到爆滿的購物車照片,和對此難以理解的官員喊話呼籲冷靜。 The biggest grocery chain, Woolworths Group Ltd, limited sales to four packs a shopper, to keep up stock levels while suppliers ramp up production. 在供應商加速生產的同時,最大連鎖零售商Woolworths集團為了維持存貨量,限制每人最多購買4袋。 Shoppers have swooped on other products also. Costco has put limits on purchases of milk, eggs, rice, disinfectants and soap. 購物者也搶購其他商品。好市多限制牛奶、雞蛋、米、消毒殺菌品和肥皂的購買量。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1523717 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1361291?fbclid=IwAR3kVmMFa5gdommS4R4Ftm8HzoQ7DeQzQ5yjoI0jTvkQDeAtMfTFjDfgQCI   Next Article   Topic: Australian prison to be evacuated after mice move in   A plague of mice that has ravaged vast swathes of eastern Australia has forced the evacuation of a prison while authorities repair gnawed electrical wiring and clear dead and decaying mice from walls and ceilings. 一場蹂躪澳洲東部廣泛地區的鼠疫,已迫使一間監獄全員撤離,好讓當局修復被啃咬的電線,以及清除牆壁和天花板裡死亡發臭的老鼠。 Around 200 staff and 420 inmates will be transferred from the Wellington Correctional Center in rural New South Wales state to other prisons in the region. 新南威爾斯州鄉下的威靈頓矯正所,將撤離約200名職員和420名受刑人到區內其他監獄。 Millions of mice have caused havoc in the grain-growing region of Australia's most populous state for months, devouring crops and haystacks as well as invading homes, businesses, schools, hospitals and prisons. 數月來,上百萬隻老鼠在澳洲人口最稠密的穀物栽植地區大肆破壞,吃光作物和乾草,還入侵住家、商店、學校、醫院和監獄。 The most common complaint about the plague is an ever-present stench of mice urine and decaying flesh. People report being bitten by mice in bed. Mouse carcasses and excrement in roof guttering are polluting farmers' water tanks and causing sickness. 對鼠疫最常見的抱怨,是前所未聞的老鼠尿液和腐敗屍體的惡臭。有人通報躺在床上時被老鼠咬。屋頂排水系統內的鼠屍和鼠便,也污染農夫的儲水槽,並帶來疾病。 Next Article Australian ute whizzes across seven lanes of traffic unscathed澳洲休旅車呼嘯穿越七車道而毫髮無傷 Australian police captured dramatic footage of a white truck speeding unscathed across seven lanes of traffic in a once-in-a-lifetime incident. 在一起難得一見的事件中,澳洲警方拍攝到一輛白色卡車加速橫越七車道卻毫髮無傷的戲劇性影片。 Though a mere five seconds, the riveting video shows a Toyota Hilux truck in Australia's Northern Territories drive over a sandy median, narrowly avoid a collision with another car in three lanes of moving vehicles, thread through two lanes of stationary cars, bounce across two empty lanes and then hurtle toward a line of storefronts. 雖然僅有五秒,這段精彩影片顯示,澳洲北領地的一輛豐田Hilux卡車駛過一個沙地分隔島,在三個車輛行駛中的車道上差點就撞上另一輛車,接著越過兩線車輛靜止的車道,再彈越過兩個空車車道,衝向一排店面。 The driver of the utility vehicle, or ute as the vehicle is commonly known in Australia, was heading towards the city of Darwin when she allegedly lost control, failed to negotiate a turn, and crashed into a business, according to the police in a post on social media. 根據警方在社群媒體上的貼文,這輛運動型休旅車(在澳洲常被稱為ute )的駕駛在駛向達爾文市時,據說她失控,過彎失敗,最後撞入一個店家。 "It is incredibly lucky no one else was injured in this incident," said Superintendent Daniel Shean of the Northern Territory Police, reminding people to always drive with due care and attention. 北領地警局警司丹尼爾.辛恩說,這起事故沒有其他人受傷真是不可思議,提醒人們開車應該要小心謹慎,注意安全。Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1481283 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1479057   Next Article   Topic: With Australia-UK deal, Biden again shows China is paramount priority   Forging a new three-way alliance with Britain and Australia to the anger of the French, US President Joe Biden has again made brutally clear that his top international priority, overriding all else, will be facing China. 美國總統喬‧拜登不惜激怒法國,與英國及澳洲建立新的三方聯盟,再次殘酷地表明,他的國際事務首要目標,是面對中國。 Under the alliance christened with the acronym AUKUS, Australia will be the only country other than the UK to have access to US technology to build nuclear-powered submarines — which could deploy in contested waters where Beijing is assertively exerting its claims. 該聯盟名為AUKUS,為澳、英、美三國的首字母縮寫。根據其協議,澳洲將成為除英國之外唯一能獲得美國技術以建造核動力潛艇的國家——這些核子潛艇可部署在北京強勢主張所有權之爭議水域。 The announcement infuriated China, but also France, which lost a contract to build conventional submarines for Australia that was worth A$50 billion (US$36.5 billion) at the time of signing. 此消息公布,激怒了中國,卻也激怒了法國;法國丟了為澳洲製造傳統動力潛艇的合約,該合約簽署時之價格為五百億澳元(三百六十五億美元)。 French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian denounced the “stab in the back” by the US, and Paris has recalled its ambassadors to the US and Canberra. AUKUS was unveiled weeks after Biden withdrew remaining US troops from Afghanistan, prompting unusually strong statements from European allies who decried the swift return to power of the Taliban. 法國外交部長尚-伊夫‧勒德里安譴責美國的「背後捅刀」,巴黎已召回其駐美國及坎培拉大使。拜登完成美軍撤出阿富汗後數週,AUKUS聯盟計畫公布,引起歐洲盟國發出異常強烈的聲明,譴責美國的撤軍讓塔利班迅速重掌政權。 Biden had long pushed to end the 20-year war and has repeatedly said that Afghanistan was a costly sideshow to China, which his adminstration has described as the primary US rival in the 21st century. “The world is changing. We're engaged in a serious competition with China,” Biden said in a speech after the last US troops left. 拜登長期以來一直努力想結束這場長達二十年的戰爭,並一再表示與中國問題相較,阿富汗戰爭是一個代價高昂的枝節問題;拜登政府稱中國為美國在二十一世紀的頭號競爭對手。「世界正在改變。我們正與中國進行一場嚴峻的競爭」,拜登在最後一批美軍離開阿富汗時所發表的講話中說道。 Relations between Beijing and Washington look set to continue on their current tricky path, while the Western alliance has also been shaken. 北京與華盛頓之間的關係看來將繼續沿著目前棘手的道路前進,而西方聯盟也受到了動搖。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2021/09/27/2003765047

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