Southernmost country in Africa
Hopes of finding eight miners trapped more than 700 metres underground in Burkina Faso are fading after rescuers today found a second safety chamber empty. We hear the frustrations and despair of some of the men's wives. Also, Nigeria's chief accountant has been arrested in connection with a $190 million dollar fraud case involving money laundering and diversion of funds. And how South Africa is tackling high youth unemployment.
Welcome to the Harvest Church Podcast. We hope that this week's message from Dr. Paul Alexander will encourage you. Harvest Church is a family of believers, based in Durban, South Africa. For more information: Harvest Church: Website: http://harvestchurch.co.za/ Facebook: http://facebook.com/HarvestChurchZA/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/harvestchurchza/ Youtube: http://youtube.com/harvestchurchza
Stand Up is a daily podcast. I book,host,edit, post and promote new episodes with brilliant guests every day. Please subscribe now for as little as 5$ and gain access to a community of over 800 awesome, curious, kind, funny, brilliant, generous souls Check out StandUpwithPete.com to learn more Tim Wise, whom scholar and philosopher Cornel West calls, “A vanilla brother in the tradition of (abolitionist) John Brown,” is among the nation's most prominent antiracist essayists and educators. He has spent the past 25 years speaking to audiences in all 50 states, on over 1000 college and high school campuses, at hundreds of professional and academic conferences, and to community groups across the nation. He has also lectured internationally in Canada and Bermuda, and has trained corporate, government, law enforcement and medical industry professionals on methods for dismantling racism in their institutions. Wise's antiracism work traces back to his days as a college activist in the 1980s, fighting for divestment from (and economic sanctions against) apartheid South Africa. After graduation, he threw himself into social justice efforts full-time, as a Youth Coordinator and Associate Director of the Louisiana Coalition Against Racism and Nazism: the largest of the many groups organized in the early 1990s to defeat the political candidacies of white supremacist and former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke. From there, he became a community organizer in New Orleans' public housing, and a policy analyst for a children's advocacy group focused on combatting poverty and economic inequity. He has served as an adjunct professor at the Smith College School of Social Work, in Northampton, MA., and from 1999-2003 was an advisor to the Fisk University Race Relations Institute in Nashville, TN. Wise is the author of seven books, including his highly-acclaimed memoir, White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son, as well as Dear White America: Letter to a New Minority, and Under the Affluence: Shaming the Poor, Praising the Rich and Sacrificing the Future of America. His forthcoming book, White LIES Matter: Race, Crime and the Politics of Fear in America, will be released in 2018. His essays have appeared on Alternet, Salon, Huffington Post, Counterpunch, Black Commentator, BK Nation, Z Magazine and The Root, which recently named Wise one of the “8 Wokest White People We Know.” Wise has been featured in several documentaries, including “The Great White Hoax: Donald Trump and the Politics of Race and Class in America,” and “White Like Me: Race, Racism and White Privilege in America,” both from the Media Education Foundation. He also appeared alongside legendary scholar and activist, Angela Davis, in the 2011 documentary, “Vocabulary of Change.” In this public dialogue between the two activists, Davis and Wise discussed the connections between issues of race, class, gender, sexuality and militarism, as well as inter-generational movement building and the prospects for social change. Wise is also one of five persons—including President Barack Obama—interviewed for a video exhibition on race relations in America, featured at the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington DC. Additionally, his media presence includes dozens of appearances on CNN, MSNBC and NPR, feature interviews on ABC's 20/20 and CBS's 48 Hours, as well as videos posted on YouTube, Facebook and other social media platforms that have received over 20 million views. His podcast, “Speak Out with Tim Wise,” launched this fall and features weekly interviews with activists, scholars and artists about movement building and strategies for social change. Wise graduated from Tulane University in 1990 and received antiracism training from the People's Institute for Survival and Beyond, in New Orleans. Ryan Busse is a former firearms executive who helped build one of the world's most iconic gun companies, and was nominated multiple times by industry colleagues for the prestigious Shooting Industry Person of The Year Award. Busse is an environmental advocate who served in many leadership roles for conservation organizations, including as an advisor for the United States Senate Sportsmen's Caucus and the Biden Presidential Campaign. He remains a proud outdoorsman, gun owner, father, and resident of Montana. About the book.... A long-time former executive at one of the country's top gun manufacturers reveals how his industry radicalized a large swathe of America, and explains how it must change before we can reduce gun violence and heal as a nation. Ryan Busse has traveled a long, circuitous path along the American gun journey. As an avid hunter, outdoorsman, and conservationist–all things that the firearms industry was built on–he rose to the highest ranks of the rapidly growing, multibillion-dollar firearms industry. But replacing self-imposed decency with rampant fear-mongering, racism, hardline conservative politics, massive profits from semi-automatic weapons sales, and McCarthyesque policing have driven Busse to do something few other gun executives have done: he's ending his 30-year career in the industry to tell its secrets. He watched the industry change from its smaller, less corporate and far-less-powerful form to the partisan, power-hungry entity it is today. He thought he could go up against the power of the industry from within, and over the years had made small inroads toward sensible gun ownership and use. But that's simply not possible anymore. This book is an insider's call-out, a voice-driven tale of personal transformation, and a fast ride through wild times and colorful characters that populate a much-speculated-about, but little-known industry. It's also a story of how authoritarianism spreads in the guise of freedom, how voicing one's conscience becomes an act of treason in a culture that demands sameness and loyalty. Check out all things Jon Carroll Follow and Support Pete Coe Follow and Support Gareth Sever Pete on YouTube Pete on Twitter Pete On Instagram Pete Personal FB page
Many double standards exist for women and men, but perhaps none as ubiquitously as how they use their voice. A loud little girl is called bossy, a bold assertive woman is called a bitch. The same leadership qualities that we celebrate in men we often silence in women and Phumzile van Damme has experienced this at every turn of her career. Elected to serve as a Member of Parliament for South Africa at the age of 31, van Damme went on to hold positions of National Assembly Whip, Shadow Minister of Communications and Digital Technologies Committee, and National Spokesperson of her party. She is one of the most accomplished young, Black, female politicians in South Africa and yet the relentless pressure to silence her eventually led to her resignation in 2021. She joins Kassia to talk about:• Her political rise and her reputation for defying tradition and speaking out on behalf of gender equity• Her struggle with self-confidence and imposter syndrome• The attempts of organized gendered disinformation campaigns to undermine her political influenceLike what you hear and want more? Sign up for our newsletter full of episode updates and resources on issues impacting women around the world.
We welcome Jared Murphy, author of Not Aliens, Worse, It's Us and creator of the documentary Terra Corre. Bio: "It's Not Aliens, Worse, It's Us: Discovering Our Lost History" by Jared Murphy contains amazing new insights about our ancient history and our lost ancient advanced ancestors. Jared has been speaking about ancient advanced engineered soil found all over the earth and the very structures of ancient polygonal buildings and a never before researched aspect of the frequency technologies to build these amazing structures. Jared does field work, including a month last year with Michael Tellinger discovering new ruins in South Africa, Jared is planning new archaeological work at America's Stonehenge, South America and the Grand Canyon. Jared's Work is getting a lot of attention on Engineered soil, bioengineered ancient advanced humans that may appear alien now but are in fact survivors of many ancient catastrophes. Jared's new documentary Terre Corre is out on Not Aliens on YouTube and is getting a lot of positive reviews! Jared hosts a show on www.notaliens.com and on his Rokfin channel, including the Archaeologist, Jennifer Deyo, Jared Co-hosts on Everything Imaginable, Dark Hour Paranormal, The Cosmic Salon, and appears monthly on Spaced Out Radio, Forbidden Knowledge News, Freeman.tv, The Cosmic Salon, Dark Hour Paranormal, Everything Imaginable, 3beards, many more and has been on Coast to Coast, Richard Hoagland's After Midnight and many more. Jared reaches over 290,000 subscribers on the regular channel appearances and has 45-60.000 downloads monthly and on network shows like Spaced Out Radio and Night Dreams Talk Radio, Richard Syrett's Radio shows including appearances on Coast to Coast, Jared reaches over a million on syndicated radio. Links for Jared: https://www.notaliens.com/ Link for the new documentary "Terra Corre" https://youtu.be/iUlCKdm-SLM News: https://thehill.com/news/house/3483149-first-ufo-hearing-in-years-set-for-capitol-hill/?fbclid=IwAR2iaRlyErbL4HgYI2d2Efqi99BFcud1tRdroh9EddUexU6y73mH1VawoEI https://www.livescience.com/ufo-report-human-biological-injuries Merch: https://www.miufopodcaststore.online/ Join the Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/259697531239011 Follow us on Twitter: @mi_UFO Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/miufospep/ Like and subscribe on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/MichiganUFOSightingsandParanormalEncountersPodcast Intro music: Balance by THIK from the album Shok the World Music for LITD ad spot provided by Ten Thousand Teeth song: Frostbite https://open.spotify.com/track/4fFfmsg51lHHJ118v9mMYi?si=ef96b5dbf7ac4034 Outro music: Aggressive State by Subsidence --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/mi-ufo-sightings/support
The gang discusses the inevitable crypto crash, tether, and the charlatans who sold ordinary people down the river. We also review Britain's strategy for dealing with its many overlapping crises including mental health. Then, we speak to journalist Heidi Swart (@heidi_swart), whose work for the MIT technology review is all about how the surveillance industry is slowly rebuilding apartheid in South Africa. Read Heidi's article here: https://www.technologyreview.com/2022/04/19/1049996/south-africa-ai-surveillance-digital-apartheid If you want access to our Patreon bonus episodes, early releases of free episodes, and powerful Discord server, sign up here: https://www.patreon.com/trashfuture *MILO ALERT* Milo has shows coming up in Brighton. Learn more here! https://miloedwards.co.uk/live-shows *WEB DESIGN ALERT* Tom Allen is a friend of the show (and the designer behind our website). If you need web design help, reach out to him here: https://www.tomallen.media/ Trashfuture are: Riley (@raaleh), Milo (@Milo_Edwards), Hussein (@HKesvani), Nate (@inthesedeserts), and Alice (@AliceAvizandum)
Our next great series; Light Revealed! which focuses on revealing the light of passion that young people have to share. The first 6 episodes in the series will correlate to the time of Sfiras HaOmer. Each week we will explore the kabbalistic theme of that week of sfirah (see the first of the series here for further background into the sfirah of each week) and then we will pair that theme with an interview of a remarkable young person which truly captures the essence of that weeks theme.In this fifth episode Menachem introduces the Sfriah of Hod and we are joined by Jon Ostrofsky. Jon is a proud member of both the Jewish and recovering communities. He currently works on the business side of the behavioral health industry, with a strong interest in the therapeutic and clinical aspect of behavioral health and personal development. His roots stem from sunny South Africa, but Jon's path has him to the Big apple!For more information on Sfiras Ha'Omer and the themes of each day and week you can also check out our Sfiras HaOmer companion, here sites.google.com/tlrfamily.org/receiving-light/sefira-companionFor more information on our future plans @The Light Revealed please join this whatsapp group (admin post only) Light Revealed Updates(https://chat.whatsapp.com/Khox4pFJEstAgFMYqJwQJc)Consciously The Podcast is a project of The Light Revealed. The Light Revealed is an organization and media publishing platform which focuses on building community for Jewish people seeking spiritual growth.We welcome your feedback and questions and hope to utilize those questions for future episodes.EmailTheLightRevealed@TLRFamily.orgFacebookhttps://www.facebook.com/thelightrevealed/Instagramhttps://www.instagram.com/thelightrevealed/The Conscious(ly) teamHost: Menachem PoznanskiAssistant Producer: Mordy SchwartzCo-producer emeritus: Chaim KohnAssistant to the Regional Co-Host: Shmaya HonickmanArtwork: Tani PoznanskiSocial Media: Tehila Nissanian & Zoe PoznanskiMusic: Music by Eitan Katz F/t Zusha
In today's episode, Jen and AJ talk to a special guest: Keri Franks! She is a well-traveled mom of 3 from South Africa who is currently living in the UAE, and has been in the ministry with her husband for almost 20 years. Tune in today to listen to a woman who navigates ministry life brilliantly. This episode will give you a real dose of encouragement, offer powerful advice, and remind you of ways to nourish your soul as you cultivate your relationship with the Lord. Even if you are not in ministry, this episode is a MUST LISTEN for any woman who wants to benefit from powerful advice on how to nourish your relationship with God. It's a sneak peek into Kari's international home/ministry and will bless anyone who listens.Download for Free your Quiet Time Planner here: www.sojohub.com/qtplannerPray for Keri, her family, and their church in Abu Dhabi: www.newlifechurch.ae/Become a Sojo Academy Member: www.sojoacademy.comFollow us on Instagram: @sojosocietyRead the Full Show Notes and download all the free resources here: www.sojohub.com/ministry019
Kruger International's Mia Kruger talks the MTN update and the Sibanye-Stillwater selloff. Gareth Stobie MD of CoreShares on what the 10X Investment acquisition of CoreShares means for clients. Redge Nkosi of Firstsource Money on why South Africa's debt management policy is atrocious.
Preparations are underway in South Africa for the coronation of Misuzulu Zulu as the new king of the AmaZulu tribe. There was high drama when his succession was announced last year on television – after one of the royal family members stood up and questioned the recognition of the new king. Chaos ensued. But now – as he prepares to ascend the throne, Africa Daily looks at the part monarchies play across the continent – and whether they're a force for good. “The Republic of South Africa as we know it was never founded by African people. It was founded by Caucasians – people of European origin. They found us here as established kingdoms.” (Zolani Mkiva, Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa). Presenter: Alan Kasujja (@kasujja)
Lillian of Retro Colorado Goods and Reseller Social joins us to talk about lessons she learned the hard way as a reseller and why she wants to share that knowledge with others. We'll also talk about our personal relationships with stuff and how we could do better. And of course, we'll break down (again) the myths around secondhand selling and shopping.Clotheshorse is brought to you with support from the following sustainable brands:High Energy Vintage is a fun and funky vintage shop located in Somerville, MA, just a few minutes away from downtown Boston. They offer a highly curated selection of bright and colorful clothing and accessories from the 1940s-1990s for people of all genders. Husband-and-wife duo Wiley & Jessamy handpick each piece for quality and style, with a focus on pieces that transcend trends and will find a home in your closet for many years to come! In addition to clothing, the shop also features a large selection of vintage vinyl and old school video games. Find them on instagram @ highenergyvintage, online at highenergyvintage.com, and at markets in and around Boston.Blank Cass, or Blanket Coats by Cass, is focused on restoring, renewing, and reviving the history held within vintage and heirloom textiles. By embodying and transferring the love, craft, and energy that is original to each vintage textile into a new garment, I hope we can reteach ourselves to care for and mend what we have and make it last. Blank Cass lives on Instagram @blank_cass and a website will be launched soon at blankcass.com.St. Evens is an NYC-based vintage shop that is dedicated to bringing you those special pieces you'll reach for again and again. More than just a store, St. Evens is dedicated to sharing the stories and history behind the garments. 10% of all sales are donated to a different charitable organization each month. For the month of April, St. Evens is supporting United Farm Worker's Foundation. New vintage is released every Thursday at wearStEvens.com, with previews of new pieces and more brought to you on Instagram at @wear_st.evens.Located in Whistler, Canada, Velvet Underground is a "velvet jungle" full of vintage and second-hand clothes, plants, a vegan cafe and lots of rad products from other small sustainable businesses. Our mission is to create a brand and community dedicated to promoting self-expression, as well as educating and inspiring a more sustainable and conscious lifestyle both for the people and the planet.Find us on Instagram @shop_velvetunderground or online at www.shopvelvetunderground.comCute Little Ruin is an online shop dedicated to providing quality vintage and secondhand clothing, vinyl, and home items in a wide range of styles and price points. If it's ethical and legal, we try to find a new home for it! Vintage style with progressive values. Find us on Instagram at @CuteLittleRuin.Thumbprint is Detroit's only fair trade marketplace, located in the historic Eastern Market. Our small business specializes in products handmade by empowered women in South Africa making a living wage creating things they love like hand painted candles and ceramics! We also carry a curated assortment of sustainable/natural locally made goods. Thumbprint is a great gift destination for both the special people in your life and for yourself! Browse our online store at thumbprintdetroit.com and find us on instagram @thumbprintdetroit.Country Feedback is a mom & pop record shop in Tarboro, North Carolina. They specialize in used rock, country, and soul and offer affordable vintage clothing and housewares. Do you have used records you want to sell? Country Feedback wants to buy them! Find us on Instagram @countryfeedbackvintageandvinyl or head downeast and visit our brick and mortar. All are welcome at this inclusive and family-friendly record shop in the country!Selina Sanders, a social impact brand that specializes in up-cycled clothing, using only reclaimed, vintage or thrifted materials: from tea towels, linens, blankets and quilts. Sustainably crafted in Los Angeles, each piece is designed to last in one's closet for generations to come. Maximum Style; Minimal Carbon FootprintSalt Hats: purveyors of truly sustainable hats. Hand blocked, sewn and embellished in Detroit, Michigan.Republica Unicornia Yarns: Hand-Dyed Yarn and notions for the color-obsessed. Made with love and some swearing in fabulous Atlanta, Georgia by Head Yarn Wench Kathleen. Get ready for rainbows with a side of Giving A Damn! Republica Unicornia is all about making your own magic using small-batch, responsibly sourced, hand-dyed yarns and thoughtfully made notions. Slow fashion all the way down and discover the joy of creating your very own beautiful hand knit, crocheted, or woven pieces. Find us on Instagram @republica_unicornia_yarns and at www.republicaunicornia.com.Gentle Vibes: We are purveyors of polyester and psychedelic relics! We encourage experimentation and play not only in your wardrobe, but in your home, too. We have thousands of killer vintage pieces ready for their next adventure! Picnicwear: a slow fashion brand, ethically made by hand from vintage and deadstock materials - most notably, vintage towels! Founder, Dani, has worked in the industry as a fashion designer for over 10 years, but started Picnicwear in response to her dissatisfaction with the industry's shortcomings. Picnicwear recently moved to rural North Carolina where all their clothing and accessories are now designed and cut, but the majority of their sewing is done by skilled garment workers in NYC. Their customers take comfort in knowing that all their sewists are paid well above NYC minimum wage. Picnicwear offers minimal waste and maximum authenticity: Future Vintage over future garbage.Shift Clothing, out of beautiful Astoria, Oregon, with a focus on natural fibers, simple hardworking designs, and putting fat people first. Discover more at shiftwheeler.com
We often bitch and moan about the state of our politics. Justifiably so. There are glaring weaknesses in all of our main political parties- from the governing African National Congress to the two biggest opposition parties, Democratic Alliance and Economic Freedom Fighters.Many smaller parties emerged in recent years, some doing well during the recent local government elections, but even they come with downsides such as populism and xenophobic sloganeering from their leaders. This raises an obvious and very urgent set of questions: what's the alternative to our main political parties? Can we change the political landscape as civil society? Are there alternative pathways to a more just South Africa beyond formal party politics? Can we and should we reduce the power of politicians?I invited Mandla Isaacs to work through these issues with me. He is a political economist, public policy analyst and a Mason Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. Enjoy this latest episode of In The Ring and remember to subscribe to the podcast.
Listen to the Sat. May 14, 2022 edition of the Pan-African Journal: Worldwide Radio Broadcast hosted by Abayomi Azikiwe, editor of the Pan-African News Wire. The episode features our PANW report with dispatches on the continuing military conflict in Ukraine and its impact on the global situation; South Africa is experiencing another surge in COVID-19 variant cases amid a crisis within the newly-launched vaccination production facility; there is a trial underway for a man in Egypt accused of killing a Coptic priest; and in the West African state of Togo 8 soldiers were slain in what is said to have been a jihadi attack. In the second hour we look in detail at the killing of Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh by the Israeli military. Finally, we examine some of the most pressing and burning issues taking place around the world.
Lesotho is water-rich. But the southern African kingdom is one of the world's poorest countries. To fill the state coffers, the government exports water to its parched neighbor, South Africa. Lesotho's villagers suffer, and so does its ecosystem.
Guest: Cray Ray joins John to discuss the cost of World Rugby's choice of countries for the next five men's and women's World Cups. It clearly indicates that South Africa might never host again. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
I Don't Want To Go To Sleep is a funny story/song to lull kids to sleep. Happy summer from Sir Herbert Sneakies and Lady Twizzelton. We can't sing but hope you enjoy this song. Thank you for making us a top 1% global kids podcast!! ;) #1 - #11 USA, #1 Great Britain, #1 Italy, #1 Japan, #1 South Korea, #1 Bahamas, #1 Australia, #1 Canada, #1 South Korea, #1 Hong Kong, #1 Russia, #1 India, #1 Sweden, #1 Philippines, #1 Brazil, #2Belgium, #4 Ireland, #5 South Africa, #5 Mexico, #6 New ZealandCheck out our cool merchandise :) https://enchantedbooks.godaddysites.com/ :) :) https://www.buymeacoffee.com/sneakies :) Support :) https://www.paypal.me/anonymouscontent Subscribe :) https://www.youtube.com/user/Fellinijr/videos Subscribe :) Download the podcast & give 5 star reviews if you like us :) thank you ;) https://tinyurl.com/5h6xkwp9 Check out fun videos for kids at Storytime Fun! at YouTube Kids featuring world famous The Stinks! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9xNo2VACSGg Enjoy our books at Amazon :) Thank you! Skip Boots Big Safari Adventure https://www.amazon.com/Skip-Boots-Big-Safari-Adventure/dp/1729091547 *Jack the Bear and Golden Hair * https://www.amazon.com/Jack-Bear-Golden-StorytellerUK2017-Adventures-ebook/dp/B010E479GE Adventures of Mooch the Pooch by Sir Herbert Sneakies https://www.amazon.com/Mooch-Pooch-Adventures-ebook/dp/B01LR86FK2 Blueber Goober the Monster In My Closet! https://www.amazon.com/Blueber-Goober-Monster-My-Closet-ebook/dp/B01LW1VMPQ/ Middel grade Wizard book series! Fabulous-you'll love it! Margaret Merlin's Journal The Battle of The Black Witch Book 1 a cool wizard seiries. https://www.amazon.com/Margaret-Merlins-Journal-Battle-Black-ebook/dp/B01634G3CK Please Subscribe to our YouTube:) Channel :) Storytime Fun! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCNwYcOSlx3rMRBfSuNrzPg?sub_confirmation=1 https://www.youtube.com/user/Fellinijr/videos Thank you!!! Public Commons music fair use.
Award-winning filmmaker Donovan Marsh on what it takes to be a success in Hollywood, the impact of Covid on the local film industry and the gamble Netflix took on "I Am All Girls," a crime-thriller on human trafficking in South Africa.
South African Sparkling Wine - Specifically Method Cap Classique (MCC), a brilliant sparkling wine made in the classic method. It's a wine that's not even been around 100 years, yet the quality of these wines are undisputed. In this episode we explore the history of Cape Sparkling, and even take a sip of traditional method wines from other areas of the continent. Resources from this episode: Books: Christie's World Encyclopedia of Champagne and Sparkling Wine, Stevenson, T. & Avellan, E. (2014) The Oxford Companion to Wine [4th Edition], Robinson, J. & Harding J. (2015) Websites: Cap Classique Association: http://www.capclassique.co.za/ E Wine Planet: Zimbabwe http://www.ewineplanet.com/country.asp?id=23&main=106 Glass of Bubbly: South African Sparkling Wine (21 January 2014) https://glassofbubbly.com/south-african-sparkling-wine/ International Wine Review: South African Sparkling Wine - A hidden treasure, Potshnik, M. and Winkler, D. (January 2012) https://i-winereview.com/NonReportTastings/1201saSparklingSelections.php?b=sapromo Morocco World News: Moroccan Wines - A pleasant surprise for foreign visitors, Harman, J. (19 February 2022) https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2022/02/347181/moroccan-wines-a-pleasant-surprise-for-foreign-visitors Paladar y Tomar: Morocco Wien Regions https://www.paladarytomar.com/morocco-wine-regions/ Singapore Wine Vault: Tales from Tunisia - Taking winemaking tradition to the modern age https://www.singaporewinevault.com/tales-from-tunisia-taking-winemaking-tradition-to-the-modern-age/ Vignerons de Carthage: La Fontaine aux mille Amphores [sparkling wine production] http://www.vigneronsdecarthage.tn/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=72&Itemid=99&lang=en Wineland: The Chateau Libertas Revival (7 October 2021) https://www.wineland.co.za/the-chateau-libertas-revival/ Winemag: SA Wine History - On the impact of the French Huguenots, Gibson, J. (30 October 2019) https://winemag.co.za/wine/opinion/joanne-gibson-on-the-impact-of-the-french-huguenots/ Wine.Co.ZA: Kaapse Vonkel Turns 50, Simonsig (4 March 2021) https://news.wine.co.za/news.aspx?NEWSID=37581 Wines of South Africa: https://www.wosa.co.za Glass in Session® Episodes Mentioned in this Session: S3E4: Wine from Dried Grapes https://glassinsession.libsyn.com/s3e4-wine-from-dried-grapes S6E1: Prosecco DOC Rosé Plus Some Sweet Corkdorkery https://glassinsession.libsyn.com/s6e1-prosecco-doc-ros-plus-some-sweet-corkdorkery Glass in Session® is a registered trademark of Vino With Val, LLC. Music: “Write Your Story” by Joystock (Jamendo.com cc_Standard License, Jamendo S.A.)
Deep-South Resources Inc. is a Canada-based mineral exploration and development company. The Company is in the business of exploring and evaluating mineral properties located in Africa. Its Haib copper project is located in the south of Namibia. The project lies approximately 12 to 15 kilometers (km) east of the main tarred interstate highway connecting South Africa and Namibia and the nearest railway station is at Grunau, approximately 120km north on the main highway. The Company owns approximately 75% interest in RCR Quantum (Quantum), a Turkish company, which holds the Kapili Tepe Project comprising about one mining license and two exploration licenses in the Sivas Province in Turkey.
Someone sends you an event they think you may like to attend. You either: Open it and register to go right away.Open it and think about it.Don't even bother opening it.Ultra Trail Drakensberg as the name suggests is a trail race in the heart of the Drakensberg mountains of South Africa on the boarder of the very unique Lesotho. When I was sent it option 1 above was in full flow.In this show I share the experience.Enjoy the show!
A very good morning to you! It is Friday morning the 13th of May 2022, and this is your friend, Angus Buchan, with a thought for today.If we go straight to the Old Testament to Isaiah 26, I am reading from verse 3:“You will keep him in perfect peace,Whose mind is stayed on You,Because he trusts in You.Trust in the Lord forever,For in Yah, the Lord, is everlasting strength.”And then John 14:27, one of my favourite verses, the Lord Jesus says:“Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.”We can only trust someone that we know and we can only know someone by spending time with them. Then, when you really know someone, you will obey them. Just a couple of weeks ago I was privileged to speak to a large group of students at one of South Africa's prestigious universities. It was an evening service and it was packed out, shoulder to shoulder and people standing outside. The praise and worship was amazing, I knew that I was speaking to Christians. And then I asked them a question. I said, “How many of you had a quiet time this morning? How many of you this morning spent time reading your Bible, praying and spending time in the presence of Jesus?” The place went quiet. I said, “I want you to be honest with me.” That is why I love students so much, they are so soft and so open. They want to learn and they are so honest. “If you did not have a time with Jesus this morning, can you please put up your hand” Oh folks, my heart broke - Over 80% of those students had not had a quiet time that morning. I said, “How can you trust God for revival if you don't spend time with Him?” Well, the pastor told me, one of my spiritual sons - he said his daughter is also at the residence and she said the next morning she couldn't find a place where she could have a quiet time because everybody was up, spending time with Jesus.I have got a picture for you. A little girl, maybe three or four years old, in her swimming suit... She is so proud, she is at the swimming pool with her big, strong dad. He is in the deep end, in the water, and she is standing at the edge. He has got his big strong arms out and he says to this little thing, “Come on darling, just jump and I will catch you.” She is jumping up and down, “Oh dad, I am so scared. I am so scared!”“Come on. You can do it!” And then she closes her eyes, as all girls do, and she just runs into the pool. Her dad catches her in his big, strong arms and pulls her into his ample bosom and just loves her - He was so proud of her! That is what Jesus wants you and I to do today. Do you remember that beautiful old hymn, Trust and Obey?And when we walk with the LordIn the light of his word,What a glory he sheds on our way!While we do His good will,He abides with us still,And with all who will trust and obey.Oh, trust and obey, for there's no other wayTo be happy in Jesus, but to trust and obey.So as you go out today, trust and obey, because there is no other way to be happy in Jesus but to trust and obey!Jesus bless you and goodbye.
Witnessing unbelievable hardships on a rugby tour in South Africa at the age of 19 shaped the life of Will Mallard and his focus on WHY. With a passion for helping people feel secure, Will focuses on solving the problems of social housing in the UK today and for the future through social impact investment. KEY TAKEAWAY “I can help other people and that's really important to me. If you're looking for a WHY, it's actually about how can I make other people feel.” ABOUT WILL MALLARD As a social impact investor Will Mallard focuses on English social housing portfolios and other needs-based investment opportunities with Angel investors wanting to make a difference. Permanently London-based, he is from Wellington, New Zealand. Actively involved in property and social impact communities, Will also has a podcast, MY PROPERTY WORLD with 100+ episodes with guests providing stories about their lives, deals and talking property. CONNECT WITH WILL https://twitter.com/WillMallard https://www.instagram.com/kiwiwill8/ https://www.facebook.com/will.mallard.50 https://www.linkedin.com/in/willmallard/ https://anchor.fm/my-property-world ABOUT THE HOST - AMY ROWLINSON Amy is a Life Purpose Coach, Podcast Strategist, Top 1% Global Podcaster, Speaker, Mastermind Host and Property Investor. Through 1:1 and group coaching, Amy works with individuals and businesses to improve productivity, engagement and fulfilment, to banish overwhelm, underwhelm and frustration and to welcome clarity, achievement and purpose. WORK WITH AMY Amy inspires and empowers entrepreneurial clients to discover the life they dream of by assisting them to make it their reality through their own action taking. Helping them to focus on their WHY with clarity uniting their passion and purpose with a plan to create the life they truly desire. If you would like Amy to help you to launch your podcast or to focus on your WHY then please book a free 20 min call via www.calendly.com/amyrowlinson/enquirycall KEEP IN TOUCH WITH AMY Sign up for the weekly Friday Focus - https://www.amyrowlinson.com/subscribe-to-weekly-newsletter CONNECT WITH AMY https://linktr.ee/AmyRowlinson HOSTED BY: Amy Rowlinson DISCLAIMER The views, thoughts and opinions expressed in this podcast belong solely to the host and guest speakers. Please conduct your own due diligence.
Show Notes:S2 E19 – The Weekly News 05-12-2022 with Shannon Elizabeth, Peter Borchert & a special guest interview with Dr. Louise de Waal/Blood LionsSimon is in the USA, so Shannon and Peter are in charge. Peter is updating Rhino Review, while Shannon helped to take care of a 6-day-old baby rhino over the weekend. Peter talks about the evolution of rhinos across 55 million years. Do you know what the largest land mammal ever to have lived was?A story in Science Magazine notes that a research team believes they have found pieces of the asteroid that killed off the dinosaurs. Do you know how many millions of years ago that was? During an archeological dig in Luzon in the Philippines, fossils of an “Ice Age” rhinoceros were found. Can you guess what they discovered about these bones dating back 700,000 years ago?We welcome Dr. Louise de Waal, the Director and Campaign Manager of Blood Lions, who tells us all about their new campaign #CancelCaptivity, why it is so important, and how you can help.Blood Lions launches a new campaign to urge the ministers in South Africa to implement protections for captive bred lions. Sign the Blood Lions petition.Peer-Reviewed Paper: Welfare concern associated with captive lions and the implications for commercial lion farms in South Africa.Wild Choices will help you make ethical choices about captive wildlife tourism facilities in South Africa. Bats buzz like hornets! Can you guess why?Four black rhinos were translocated to a private reserve in South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province. Was this really the best thing for these rhinos? What group was behind the big move?
We return with a conversation recorded, this past summer, between Ceridwen Dovey and our own Timothy Neale and David Boarder Giles. Dovey is a Sydney-based writer of fiction, creative non-fiction, and in-depth essays and profiles, as well as a filmmaker. Born in South Africa, she grew up between South Africa and Australia, studied as an undergraduate at Harvard University and as a postgraduate in anthropology at New York University. But, as we learn in this episode, Dovey did not become an anthropologist, and instead moved to a different but related set of analytical and representational problems as a fiction writer. Is fiction ethnographic? How do the commitments of creative non-fiction and anthropology differ? And, what does the moon think about all this? Tune in to find out. Interested in learning more? Check out https://www.ceridwendovey.com/ Show Credits Lead Production: Timothy Neale Deputy Production: David Boarder Giles and Mythily Meher Editing: Timothy Neale and Mythily Meher This conversation was produced by Timothy Neale on the lands of the Wurundjeri people of the Kulin Nation. Check us out on Twitter @ anthroconvo and our website anthroconvo.com
The former police commissioner in the D.R. Congo has been found guilty of the murder of human rights activist Floribert Chebeya, a killing that sparked national outrage. The spokesman of South Africa's ESKOM power utility defends the decision to resume load shedding power cuts. And why one of Tanzania's main opposition parties has deregistered all but one of its own MPs.
Lois's purpose is to help others overcome the challenges they face in their professional and personal lives. As a motivational speaker, she uses her personal story to teach audiences techniques to become resilient and manage change. Her curiosity about the world around her has led to her facilitating on numerous diverse topics – from writing and publishing books to digital accessibility of websites and training materials for those with visual impairments. She is also an experienced speaking and writing coach who loves to see her clients achieve more than they dreamed possible. Lois is the author of 6 books, including 4 illustrated children's books, a memoir and a book written from the viewpoint of her guide dog. She has been hosting a podcast since 2018, originally focusing on travel for persons with disabilities but now focusing on more general subjects around her own brand of A Different Way of Seeing. Lois achieved a BA Honours (cum laude) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, is a Distinguished Toastmaster and has a diploma in coaching. In 2015 she was awarded a Tributes Excellence award in the category of education and literature. In 2017 she was a recipient of the prestigious Presidential Citation from Toastmasters International. She is a past president of the Cape Chapter of the Professional Speakers Association of Southern Africa, is a past District Governor of the Southern African district of Toastmasters International, and currently serves as a director on two boards. Lois lives in Cape Town, South Africa with her husband and a houseful of dogs, one of whom is her beloved guide dog, Fiji.###Your hosts of Are You Waiting for Permission? are Meridith Grundei and Joseph Bennett. They're friends, co-hosts, actors, improvisers and coaches. She lives in NYC and coaches actors, business professionals and presenters to fully engage with their audience, and themselves. She also mentors young actors and directors. He lives in San Miguel de Allende, México, and coaches artists and other creative beings about the beautiful business of art — and life. You can find Meridith: Meridith Grundei the performer artist gal Meridith Grundei CoachingYou can find Joseph: Joseph Bennett the artist/coach extraordinaire*Special thanks to Amy Shelley and Gary Grundei of high fiction for letting us use their music for the Are You Waiting for Permission? podcast.
Welcome to The Hydrogen Podcast!In episode 114, The Port of Rotterdam estimates a hydrogen supply hike. And Anglo American announces an amazing new technology. All of this on today's hydrogen podcast.Thank you for listening and I hope you enjoy the podcast. Please feel free to email me at email@example.com with any questions. Also, if you wouldn't mind subscribing to my podcast using your preferred platform... I would greatly appreciate it. Respectfully,Paul RoddenVISIT THE HYDROGEN PODCAST WEBSITEhttps://thehydrogenpodcast.comCHECK OUT OUR BLOGhttps://thehydrogenpodcast.com/blog/WANT TO SPONSOR THE PODCAST? Send us an email to: firstname.lastname@example.orgNEW TO HYDROGEN AND NEED A QUICK INTRODUCTION?Start Here: The 6 Main Colors of Hydrogen
"Without forgiveness there is no future." So said the late Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa. But do we have it in us to forgive the most egregious sins? Some think that is in God's realm. Kitty O'Lone and Justin Lane tackle the F word... Like this podcast? Please help us by writing a review
Today on The Travel Agent Podcast, Chelsey and I talk about the NEW free software Proxi.co. This is going to be a game-changer for Travel Professionals. For more information read her bio below. If you are looking for a more immersive experiential FAM that allows time for meaningful relationship building, gathering high-quality content, and a solid marketing strategy to increase your sales, Apply to The TAP FAM to South Africa 2022 TODAY! https://TheTravelAgentPodcast.com/famtrips If you like the podcast you'll LOVE our Amazing Travel Agent Facebook Community: Join here: https://www.ttapgroup.com/ Bio: Chelsey Roney brings her business-building and strategy experience to Proxi, where she serves as COO and leads a team of 5, growing the business through sales and marketing. After graduating from Texas A&M, Chelsey joined Boeing where she worked in financial planning and analysis and Microsoft where she worked in a demand center that focused on B2B omnichannel marketing. She grew and sold two businesses: a SaaS business in the University space, and a local services business. Chelsey is also an active member of her community, dedicated parent, and passionate supporter of women and business. Proxi - Proxi is the best way to engage clients with a highly engaging, interactive visualization of map of local hot spots or points of interest.We make it easy for travel agents to head to our site and create custom, interactive maps that you can embed on your website, send to clients or behind QR codes in print. These maps are highly beneficial in creating travel diaries and itineraries. https://www.instagram.com/proxico/ https://www.linkedin.com/company/proxi-co https://email@example.com https://www.facebook.com/ProxiMaps https://mobile.twitter.com/proxi_co
Alex Weiss (content coordinator at the Freedom Advocacy Network) and Phumlani Majozi (Senior fellow at African Liberty) join the team to discuss the latest politics and news - including the increase in the cost of living, and South Africa's skills mismatch.
Joseph Mocanu is Co-founder and Managing Director of Verge HealthTech Fund, which invests globally in seed-stage healthcare technology startups relevant to emerging Asia that focus on disease prevention and management, digital therapies, and health system efficiency. Chad talks with Joseph about the healthcare landscape in different places of the world, funding criteria for companies, and how the pandemic has changed prospects for the fund and the market in general. Verge HealthTech Fund (https://www.vergehc.com/) Follow Verge HealthTech Fund on LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/company/verge-healthtech-fund-i/). Follow Joseph on Twitter (https://twitter.com/jmocanu) or LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/in/jmocanu/). Follow thoughtbot on Twitter (https://twitter.com/thoughtbot) or LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/company/150727/). Become a Sponsor (https://thoughtbot.com/sponsorship) of Giant Robots! Transcript: CHAD: This is the Giant Robots Smashing Into Other Giant Robots Podcast, where we explore the design, development, and business of great products. I'm your host, Chad Pytel, and with me today is Joseph Mocanu, Co-founder and Managing Director of Verge HealthTech Fund, which invests globally in seed-stage healthcare technology startups relevant to emerging Asia that focus on disease prevention and management, digital therapies, and health system efficiency. Joseph, thank you for joining me. JOSEPH: Thanks so much, Chad, for having me. CHAD: So you have been focused on emerging Asia healthtech for a little while both at Verge HealthTech Fund, and prior to that, how did you get involved in this space? JOSEPH: I wish I had a really cool, deliberate story that made it sound like it was a smooth transition from point A to point B. But I simply have to owe it to an opportunity to transfer to the region through my old employer which is Oliver Wyman, a global management consultancy. So I joined this consultancy in 2011 after doing my Ph.D. and MBA really to understand how to be a better investor, which, again, sounds a little bit backwards. But I had worked at a hedge fund in China just after my MBA, and I learned that they use management consulting techniques to add value to their portfolio companies. And I thought that's a great skill to learn. And it'd be great to even learn it in English and doing it in healthcare 100% of the time. So I had joined Oliver Wyman in 2011 in Toronto office back home, where I spent a lot of my life. And they asked me one day if I wanted to transfer to the Singapore office to help start healthcare over there. And when I went to Singapore, of course, it's this futuristic city, really well planned. It's got a lot of fine names and a reputation globally of being a modern cosmopolitan place to do business. Some people refer to it as Asia-lite. But the surrounding areas have a lot of issues when it comes to their health systems. I knew this from an academic perspective, having studied about the region before moving to Singapore but seeing it firsthand was a completely different experience. At the time, I was working for primarily pharmaceutical clients, helping them with market access and other commercially relevant activities. And they were faced with a fundamental challenge of trying to sell their product, which was usually placed in the premium category to markets that had difficulty affording this. And not only did it have difficulty affording this, it had difficulty in delivering it as well as in using the product appropriately, making sure it gets to the patients when it's needed at the right time, at the right dose. And so they were looking for partners. They were looking for partners on the ground that could assist with this delivery education, the technology, and the financing around it as well. Now, there was a real shortage of said partners on the ground. At the same time, there were also insurance companies that wanted to expand their business. They also realized that the policies tended to be a bit simple, and they tended to resemble one another across competitors. And also, to manage increasing claims, they had a tendency to increase the premium that they charged. This was not possible to do indefinitely. And at some point, they needed to actually manage the medical conditions, which you're probably seeing more and more of in the U.S. and in Western markets, less so of in this part of the world. And then lastly, you had conglomerates and investors who said, "Hey, we hear healthcare is going to be a pretty hot field. How do we get started? How do we invest?" And all of this basically set me on a mission of target hunting. And during the course of this, well, I met a lot of interesting companies, a lot of them really, really early in their journey and really too small for any of my clients to find a meaningful way to engage with them. And unfortunately, they couldn't get to the point where they are relevant and large enough to engage with without a lot of capital. This is where, you know, you'd have a nice investment ecosystem coming in to fill in the gaps. This, unfortunately, did not really exist at the time. And I had the hubris of thinking that I could do something about it by being an angel investor and starting to support these founders directly, which, thankfully, seemed to work to a certain degree. It worked to the point where one day, I woke up, and I realized I had 13 angel investments, 9 of which were in healthcare technology, and not a lot of money left in my bank account to do other things with. CHAD: Uh-oh. [laughs] JOSEPH: Yeah. And at the same time, I also realized that the work that those founders are doing is a whole lot more impactful than me sitting up until 3:00 o'clock in the morning every night writing PowerPoint slides or begging analysts to write the PowerPoint slides that would more or less sit and collect dust on my clients' shelves for various reasons. So I came to the realization that I need to do this full time. I didn't have, you know, $10 million in my pocket as reference to spending all my money on angel investments. So I realized that I have to use other people's money, and the way to do that is to join a fund. Now, the problem with that idea is that there weren't any funds that were doing this, like really, really early investing in healthtech companies in the region that was really geared to helping solve some of these really big access challenges. So then I realized I had to start a VC fund that did this and only this. So that's really kind of a long-winded introduction as to how I got started with this. CHAD: Yeah, I want to come back to the process of actually starting a VC fund in a bit. But I'm curious, were the companies that you were doing angel investment in and now doing seed-stage investment in do they tend to be local companies, or do they tend to be international companies that are planning to solve a problem locally? JOSEPH: It's funny you ask that. At the beginning, they were local. Well, actually, if I really were to take a step back, the very first angel investment I made was for a mentee, and she was based in Toronto. But I'd say that the first true angel investment I made, you know, it was in Singapore, first and foremost, because I was there. And then I started branching out. I started making investments in the Philippines. I started looking at companies in Taiwan and other parts. And actually, that opened my eyes to the fact that there may be other companies around the world that are trying to solve a problem that may not necessarily be in my own backyard. So I started to, you know, cheekily, I sent my wife to tech conferences around the world. And she herself is an entrepreneur from the tech industry; hardware was her specialty. And we started identifying companies from all over the world. And the second angel investment where I was the very first investor was actually from a company in South Africa with similar challenges. So the things that we saw as major health system deficiencies or maybe shortages in infrastructure and human capital were very much true not just in Southeast Asia but in a lot of parts of the world. And we noticed that while there were different reasons for why they ended up in that position, the outcome was similar. CHAD: I'm not sure that everyone listening has a good sense of what the healthcare landscape actually looks like in these different places of the world. So let's take insurance, for example; what is the insurance landscape, generally speaking, in Southeast Asian countries? JOSEPH: So, in Southeast Asia, we do have insurers. I mean, private insurance is certainly there. But it's just not -- CHAD: Do most companies have public insurance, too, like universal healthcare? JOSEPH: That depends on which country you're in. Now, the one interesting thing about our entire region is that they've all committed to universal healthcare coverage. I would say that the implementation thereof has been heterogeneous; let's put it that way. Out of Southeast Asian countries that are not Singapore, I'd say that Thailand probably has the strongest public healthcare system. And in fact, they even do health technology assessments, which is really looking at the true cost-effectiveness of a new intervention versus what's currently done in practice to make decisions as to whether they're going to pay for it. And they cover a pretty high percentage of their population with this. And then there are other places where the financing mechanisms are in place, but you don't necessarily have the doctors or the hospitals where they need to be to address the needs of the population. Still, we are dealing with places that are not fully urbanized. And in fact, a good deal of the population is still working on the pharm, basically. One of the other complexities of our region is that just between the Philippines and Indonesia, which together has a combined population of 380 million at least, maybe it's 390 now, you've got 25,000 islands, and not all of those islands tend to hold major tier-one cities, even though they can hold a lot of people. And if there is one thing about healthcare that seems to be a universal truth is that highly skilled workers like to live in the rich cities. CHAD: And so what I'm hearing is that on an individual island, if there's not a major city there, the access to the actual healthcare might be really limited. JOSEPH: That is exactly it. CHAD: In these economies in these countries, it's typical to have private insurance layered on top. But the pharmas probably aren't doing that, right? JOSEPH: Oh, no, no, unfortunately not. There are some pilots of trying to do co-ops or collective insurance or micro-insurance policies. But again, when you look at the amount of premium that they could pay in, the kind of coverage they get is pretty basic. CHAD: So, how does that landscape influence the solutions that startups are creating? JOSEPH: Well, first and foremost, you've got to try to get some sort of mechanism by which you can seek care without having to travel too much. And I think that concept is extremely familiar to all of us thanks to the global pandemic that I hope we're coming out of right now, although there's always a new strain surprising us. The idea of basic telemedicine is one that can have a great deal of impact in these populations. But even before that, just understanding the importance of healthcare, like, what the concept of healthcare is, what the concept of the modern medical system is, is something that a fair number of people never really had awareness of. And I'll call out an example country, and I try not to call out too many examples. But Indonesia did a really good job of educating people about the concept of healthcare when they promoted their universal healthcare coverage. Even if they didn't have the ability to deliver it as well as they wanted to or as widespread as they wanted to, at least they got people paying attention to this concept called health. So awareness is really the first step. The second challenge is all right, so you know health exists. When do you know when you need it? Where are you going to find a doctor? How do you know if a doctor is even good? And how do you know that the products that you're going to get are appropriate? So there are so many challenges that you have to face when you are in a lack of access situation. CHAD: I assume you're getting pitched on a lot of ideas coming to your fund, a lot of startups. Correct me if that's wrong. [laughs] JOSEPH: No, no, that's absolutely true. So one of the blessings and curses of being one of the very few super early-stage healthtech venture funds out there is that there aren't many of us out there. And when we started...let's just put it this way, if I could find a fund that was doing what I wanted to do, I would have sent my CV in, and I couldn't. And starting a fund was basically the last thing I wanted to do, having never worked at a VC before or ever raised money in my life before. So I still think that we are the only truly global impact-oriented seed - I hate the term pre-seed, but I'll use it because of the audience's familiarity with it- investment fund out there right now for healthtech. So by virtue of that, we do see a lot of companies. CHAD: So what are some of the criteria? JOSEPH: So I'd say some of the criteria that we look for is number one, are you solving a real problem? And we define a real problem by the breadth of the problem, like, how many people are suffering from it or how systemic is this problem if it's an infrastructural one? And depth being how severe is this problem: is it life or death, or is it a minor inconvenience? So first and foremost, it's got to be solving a real problem. Second, it's really around the team. You need a lot of clinical, technical, and commercial experience in order to pull off a healthtech startup successfully. And even before that, we want to understand why are you doing this? Because this is not easy. I'd say on a scale of 1 to 10, doing a startup is like an eight, and then doing a healthtech startup is like an 11. It's slow; it's technical, it's regulated, it's super risky. And health systems are very pathway-dependent in the intent to not have many things in common with one another. So it is really, really hard. So we want to know the motivation. Are you going to stick through the thick and thin, or are you doing this healthtech startup because you think healthtech is cool or hot this particular period in the market cycle? So that's another criterion. Another criterion is, well, what's your edge? I mean, okay, you can have a great team, and I think that is definitely a prerequisite. You can solve a problem. But do you have something that could make sure that you are going to be competitive and remain competitive? CHAD: Given the barriers to market entry that you just outlined, do most of the companies that you're investing in have any sort of traction already in the market, or where are they in the product development or business development cycle? JOSEPH: I'm going to give the ultimate cop-out answer of it depends. CHAD: [laughs] Yeah. JOSEPH: But I will qualify that by saying it depends on whether it's hardware or software, and it depends whether it's regulated or non-regulated. So if you are a software company that's unregulated so, what does this mean? It could be like a marketplace. It could be health education. It could be some telemedicine in a loosely regulated market. We'd really like to see user traction. We'd really like to see revenue even. However, if you're a device company and you need to get FDA before you can earn a single dollar, we're okay with it being a science experiment or a prototype on the table as long as the science part of it has been de-risked. So if we know that the fundamental scientific principles are sound, then we're willing to take the productization and regulatory risk because we've been through this journey ourselves. CHAD: And also, you said a team is really important, so if it's a team that has never gone through that before, that's less attractive than a team that has done it before, I assume. JOSEPH: Yeah, absolutely. However, one of the challenges is that outside of the U.S., certain European markets in Israel, it's really difficult to find a team that's gone through the entire medical device development process before. So you are going to rely heavily on your professional service providers, consultants, advisors, other investors who've done this before. And as long as you have at least a path to getting to a point where you can unlock and utilize that expertise, that's okay. But if you don't, then that's a really, really big risk. Mid-Roll Ad I wanted to tell you all about something I've been working on quietly for the past year or so, and that's AgencyU. AgencyU is a membership-based program where I work one-on-one with a small group of agency founders and leaders toward their business goals. We do one-on-one coaching sessions and also monthly group meetings. We start with goal setting, advice, and problem-solving based on my experiences over the last 18 years of running thoughtbot. As we progress as a group, we all get to know each other more. And many of the AgencyU members are now working on client projects together and even referring work to each other. Whether you're struggling to grow an agency, taking it to the next level and having growing pains, or a solo founder who just needs someone to talk to, in my 18 years of leading and growing thoughtbot, I've seen and learned from a lot of different situations, and I'd be happy to work with you. Learn more and sign up today at thoughtbot.com/agencyu. That's A-G-E-N-C-Y, the letter U. CHAD: Earlier, you said FDA. FDA is a United States thing. Do most countries in Southeast Asia have a local regulatory agency like the FDA that things need to be approved through? JOSEPH: Yep, every single one. The question is, what's the process to go through that? Generally speaking, the FDA, as well as the European equivalent, which is the CE Mark, are used as predicates in order to kind of shortcut the process, make it go a little bit faster. Because then you don't have to create a bunch of new work or get the local regulator to really try to do things that they're unfamiliar with. CHAD: You said it's fairly rare for teams to have concrete experience doing that in the local market. Does that mean that most of these markets have been served by, I don't know, large companies previously? JOSEPH: Yeah, and still are. A fair number of emerging markets don't even have the manufacturing capability to even do local production, so they require a lot of importation. I'd say that this is a different case when it comes to generic pharmaceuticals and maybe vaccines and some consumables. But complex devices and biologics are generally manufactured in more developed markets or larger economies. CHAD: Yeah. Well, you mentioned the pandemic, and I'm curious how the pandemic has changed either your prospects for the fund but also the market in general. JOSEPH: I would say, again, it's both a blessing and a curse. So during the start of the pandemic, there was a great deal of societal and economic uncertainty around where are we going to be as a species in six months? And I remember early 2020; it was kind of these Hollywood movies that would paint this kind of semi-apocalyptic picture of where we're going to end up. And as a consequence, people really puckered up and stopped investing in things. I would say that the other side of it is now much of the world understands what it's like to not have access to quality healthcare or even access to healthcare. You see people not going to the hospital for things that they ought to and then suffering the consequences at home, like, let's say, not going for that heart checkup, and then you having a heart attack at home and passing when you otherwise wouldn't have. Or even cancer patients having to delay their therapy because the hospital is just too full. So this concept of telemedicine which has always been resisted by both the payers and providers for being infeasible, or inaccurate, or impossible to fund properly, suddenly had to be done. And the concept of telemedicine is fairly old. I mean, how else would you treat your astronauts in space in the '60s if they got sick? So this is something that NASA thought of and invented and implemented, you know, decades and decades ago. And finally, this came forward. And I was pleasantly surprised to see...and again, I'll quote the U.S. here where The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services or CMS actually reimbursed a bunch of remote procedure codes, which is pretty amazing. And I think that was opening Pandora's Box. There's no going back from that. So I think telemedicine is absolutely here to stay. And the real challenge now is really how to make it more user-friendly, how to improve it, how to improve the decisions that come from it. I really don't think it's going back. And as a consequence of this, it's really benefited a lot of our startups that were trying to build this remote-connected future anyway. CHAD: Has there also been an influx of those kinds of startups? JOSEPH: Absolutely. I would say that there has been a veritable Cambrian explosion of startups where everyone and their uncle is starting a healthtech startup as well as a healthtech fund. I see a lot of new funds coming up promising to invest in this space. So I think it's good in that there's going to be a lot of really new ideas, and hopefully, it's going to improve the standard of care for everyone around the world. But at the same time, it is creating a lot of noise, and it's becoming increasingly difficult to filter through that. CHAD: Do the solutions tend to be local? I guess the nature of my question was, you know, like messaging apps. [laughs] Different countries have different popular messaging apps. What do you see as the penetration of different telemedicine solutions in the different countries? Do you think it's going to be, oh, you know, this is popular in this country? Or do you think it's possible for one company to come in and really have a significant impact in the market across multiple markets? JOSEPH: Yeah, I think it's eventually going to be the latter. So at the start, you do see that you have your national champions. And like instant messaging apps, it's kind of like a 90-10 rule where the number 1 player takes 90% of the market, number 2 takes most of what's left, and then number 3 player caters to some niche or another. And I see two competing forces here; one is, yes, there may be a big player like Babylon or Crew who comes in and rolls up everything backed by heaps of capital. But the other thing could also be that all the health systems start saying, "You know what? Why are we working with an external company? Why don't we just develop all these capabilities ourselves and then keep the patient captive?" And you are starting to see middleware providers who are basically providing that telemedicine layer, white-labeling it, or giving API access to the providers themselves, the legacy providers themselves, and then allowing them to do that. And I actually saw this statistic...I don't know how accurate it was, but I saw a chart in the U.S. that white-labeled or internal telemedicine consults exceeded the number of Teladoc consultations, which is the largest platform in the U.S., at some point last year. CHAD: I'm wondering, do you know if Teladoc uses Twilio? JOSEPH: I really should know the answer to that question, but unfortunately, I do not. CHAD: Because my sense is the real winner in this game might be companies like Twilio because I think everyone is using them. [laughs] JOSEPH: That makes a ton of sense. So when we do look at some investments, we actually want to invest in middleware because why duke it out to be the platform when you're the utility provider? CHAD: So let's turn our attention to the actual creation of the fund. And I know you just opened your second fund last month, right? JOSEPH: Actually, this month. I mean, last month was the paperwork, but it takes time for stuff to get approved. CHAD: Yeah, fair enough. So you already said actually starting a fund was, I think you said, the last thing on earth that you wanted to do. Why was that the last thing you wanted to do? JOSEPH: Frankly, it was a whole lot more uncertainty than I was prepared to handle at the time. And I was either blessed or cursed with this momentary clarity of purpose where I knew with all my being that this is what I wanted to do with myself for, if not the rest of my life, a very long time. And the only alternative, or rather the only choice to pursue this at the time, was really starting a fund. So that's what I had to do, right? CHAD: And how large was the first fund? JOSEPH: It was pretty small; it was $7.6 million, which in local currency equates to a nice number of just above 10 million sings. CHAD: And where did you...I'm going to ask where that ended up coming from. But in terms of the mechanics of actually starting a fund, what did that look like? JOSEPH: Well, it depends on each market. But typically, what happens is you need to first have permission from the regulator in order to actually start and run a fund. So in Singapore, you need to apply for a venture capital fund management license from the Monetary Authority of Singapore. That's what had to be done first, and we got that approved in a pretty good time, actually. I think we might have captured a lull period because now, with all the funds coming out, I've heard the queue is months long in some cases. And then came the business of incorporating the fund itself and then starting to draft all the legal paperwork, the conditions, the private memorandum or prospectus, depending on which geography and how regulated you are, that you show around to investors once they've expressed interest in learning substantially more details about your fund beyond what a simple PowerPoint deck or a casual coffee conversation can yield. And then you start collecting commitments, and then you start collecting the money. And at some point, you have enough money to say, all right, we'll do a close or first close, and that then gives you permission to start deploying that money into investments. And some funds they'll only do one close, some funds will do a first close, and then a final close when they get the rest of the money in or some money committed and then calling the rest of it to come in. Or some will do multiple closes just so that they have the ability to keep deploying continuously while they're doing this fundraising process. And in our case, we were doing rolling closes. So we would close every few months, and we'd continue to deploy. And by the time we finished fundraising, we actually already had nine companies out of the 15 that we have in our portfolio done. So it really depends on all sorts of different factors, which we probably don't have that much time to get into. And I risk perhaps putting my foot in my mouth and misspeaking if I give too many examples. CHAD: [laughs] When it comes to starting a fund, how cookie-cutter is it? Or do you find yourself having to create everything from scratch, all the legal documents, whatever platform you might be...or access you might be giving to the people who are contributing to the fund? JOSEPH: I'd say, again, it depends where you are. I think in the U.S. and especially with the advent of great service providers platforms like AngelList and Assure, it is super cookie-cutter. In our part of the world, I still think it's somewhat cookie-cutter, but we got a little too cute. CHAD: [chuckles] JOSEPH: We thought, okay, it's our first time doing a fund. I've been an LP in other funds. What did I wish I had as an LP? And as a consequence, we introduced some hurdle rates of tiered carry, and even zero carry if we don't hit a certain return. And all that really did was just create more questions from the investors. So we should have probably done it as cookie-cutter as possible in hindsight. CHAD: So I often hear from founders who talk about how it's important to have a VC fund behind you that you agree with, and want to work with, and are excited about, and that can be value additive. Do you need, as someone raising a fund, do you need to consider things like that or other things when it comes to the people you're taking money from the fund? JOSEPH: Absolutely. Maybe knock on wood here, but our relative inexperience when starting a fund probably selected out all the folks who might not have gotten along with us anyway. And the fact that we're pretty straightforward and direct with what we want to do in our objectives probably helped with that selection process as well on the positive side. But I absolutely, absolutely can recommend having that alignment of values and mission with those who are on the journey with you for a good decade. It's like getting married, right? CHAD: Yeah. Well, so when you're planning a fund and thinking about time horizons, is a decade what you're thinking about? JOSEPH: Yeah, all things considered. So our fund lifetime was eight years from final close. But still, it takes time to raise the fund and plan the fund, and you have people that are on board even before the fund begins. So it is a decade-long relationship, at least. And then some of the larger funds because they want to have a longer investment period, will push that out even further where they're going to be a 10-year fund from final close. And if you have enough of your portfolio that hasn't exited yet but still has some value to be uncovered, you may ask your investors to extend the fund life even further. So this is a supremely long relationship that you have. And aside from evergreen funds that don't have a fund lifetime, I think this is about as long as it gets, although I have seen some people float the idea of a 20-year fund or a 50-year fund, but that's really not widely practiced. I think five years is the fastest I've seen, and ten seems to be the average. CHAD: Where did that first fund come from? How did you drum up the interest and decide who would be a part of it? JOSEPH: It's really the folks who have known me the longest or worked with me. So you know how they say when you're raising money for a startup, you get it from the three F's, Friends, Family, and Fools? For funds and for first-time fund managers, I think it's a pretty analogous group of people, although I don't think we have any fools. CHAD: [laughs] JOSEPH: And, unfortunately, don't have family either. So it's really all friends, old co-workers, old clients, and then the people that they introduced us to. There were some serendipitous moments where people liked what I said at a conference, or we asked a tough question. And people asked, "Well, how can you ask such a tough question?" Then they got to know us and then decide to invest from there. But majority of it was just introductions, warm introductions. We never did any cold emails. CHAD: Have there been any exits in the first fund? JOSEPH: Not just yet. We do come in as either the first or second investor in these companies. So there is quite a long journey that we expect before we, you know, see some exits. There may be some this year. But if I look back at my angel investments, there was only real serious talk of an exit at the six-year mark for one of the companies that's doing really well. And even that exit turned out to be just another, you know, the investor changed their mind, and instead of buying the company, they decided to just invest more money into it. So this is a long journey. CHAD: Yeah, definitely. Did that make putting together the second fund any harder, or is that what everyone expects? JOSEPH: I am cautiously optimistic because we're still so early in our journey that the only folks we've really spoken with are the ones who invested in our first fund or passed on our first fund because they don't back first-time fund managers. They come to expect that your second fund is built on the momentum of the first fund. And it's really your third fund that's built on the exit and actual realized track record of your first fund. CHAD: That makes sense. What do you think is next for Verge HealthTech? JOSEPH: Well, first things first, we got to get started with the second fund and see if we can build something to scale. I mean, the first fund was an experiment. It was a small fund, you know. Could we build the world's seed-stage global impact healthtech fund on basically a shoestring? And the second fund is now let's take everything that we wish we had for the first fund and scale it up so bigger initial ticket sizes because we want to own more, the ability to follow on properly, the ability to do more deals, which requires a much bigger team which we now have. As well as to go back and support the winners of our first fund as well as some of the companies that maybe we made a mistake on and passed but still have a strong enough relationship to revisit and get them on the next round or the round after that, or just new companies that the market has moved. You know, the area that we might have been really interested in at the seed stage is now a pre-A stage or an A stage. So that's really what we want to do with the second one. And it would be amazing to see where this goes. I'm thrilled that we actually have, well, I think, one of the best healthtech investment teams in the world; maybe I'm slightly biased with this. CHAD: [laughs] JOSEPH: And I'm excited to see what we can do together. CHAD: That's great. Well, I wish you the best. And I really appreciate you for stopping by and sharing with us. If folks want to follow along with you or get in touch with you, where are the best places for them to do that? JOSEPH: Probably LinkedIn is the best way to do it. Also, I have a blog on Medium, which I'm sure can be linked in the show notes. I've been really bad...I've been traveling intensely in the past half-year. But I promise my next blog post will be interesting. CHAD: [laughs] JOSEPH: Because I just got back from Rwanda and Saudi Arabia, which are two very, very different countries, however, with a great emphasis on improving healthcare, especially on the digital side. CHAD: Well, that's exciting. So folks definitely can find the links for that in the notes, which you can find the notes; you can subscribe to the show and a full transcript of the episode at giantrobots.fm. If you have questions or comments, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. And you can find me on Twitter at @cpytel. This podcast is brought to you by thoughtbot and produced and edited by Mandy Moore. Thanks for listening, and see you next time. ANNOUNCER: This podcast was brought to you by thoughtbot. thoughtbot is your expert design and development partner. Let's make your product and team a success. Special Guest: Joseph Mocanu.
Jim Piddock is an actor, writer, and producer. He made his theatrical debut in the U.S. in “The Boy's Own Story”, a one-man show about a soccer goalkeeper, at the Julian Theatre in San Francisco. He appeared in his first movie in the top-grossing film of 1989, “Lethal Weapon 2”, in which one of his lines, “But…you're black” in answer to Danny Glover's request to emigrate to South Africa, became a catchphrase for the film. But it is probably his diverse performances in the improvised Christopher Guest comedies “Best In Show” (as the Dog Show commentator with Fred Willard), “A Mighty Wind”, and “For Your Consideration” that he has gained the most attention as a chameleon-like character actor, barely recognizable from role to role. Jim and discuss Lethal Weapon 2, his guest spot on Friends, working with George C. Scott, writing with Christopher Guest and so much more! We also discuss Jim's book, Caught With My Pants Down. A must read! Our Guest, Jim Piddock https://jimpiddock.com/ IMDB Buy the book! Hashtag Fun: Jeff dives into recent trends and reads some of his favorite tweets from trending hashtags. The hashtag featured in this episode is #RejectedDogShowCategories from @HashtagsAGoGo. Tweets featured on the show are retweeted at @JeffDwoskinShow Follow Hashtag Roundup to tweet along with fun hashtags daily! Follow @HashtagRoundup on Twitter! Download the Hashtag Roundup app Follow Jeff Dwoskin: Jeff Dwoskin on Twitter The Jeff Dwoskin Show podcast on Twitter Podcast website Podcast on Instagram Yes, the show used to be called Live from Detroit: The Jeff Dwoskin Show Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Prof Adrian Saville, investment specialist at Genera Capital looks at the US inflation and how it will affect South Africa. Chris Yelland, energy analyst looks at the state of the national grid, as the country continues to struggle with load-shedding. Peter ‘Fats' Lazarides, founder of Ocean Basket is our Shapeshifter. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Carl welcomes a rare participant into today's discussion: a former student still willing to acknowledge the experience! Kyle Davis is an American serving in South Africa as the Bible Translation Fellowship executive director. Kyle asserts that there are over 7300 languages in the world, yet a complete translation of the Scriptures is available in only 10% of those tongues. Such sobering statistics compel Kyle to provide support for those who make Bible translation their mission. As many within the Church are moving away from the written Word toward narrative and storytelling, Davis reminds us that God gave us a Book, and all literate language groups need to learn from its text. Listen, and gain a fresh appreciation for the value of Scripture. Our hosts have chosen Vern Poythress' In the Beginning Was the Word as our free book giveaway. Register here to win a copy! Show Notes *BibleTranslationFellowship.org
In Dockside Reading: Hydrocolonialism and the Custom House (Duke University Press, 2022), Isabel Hofmeyr traces the relationships among print culture, colonialism, and the ocean through the institution of the British colonial Custom House. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, dockside customs officials would leaf through publications looking for obscenity, politically objectionable materials, or reprints of British copyrighted works, often dumping these condemned goods into the water. These practices, echoing other colonial imaginaries of the ocean as a space for erasing incriminating evidence of the violence of empire, informed later censorship regimes under apartheid in South Africa. By tracking printed matter from ship to shore, Hofmeyr shows how literary institutions like copyright and censorship were shaped by colonial control of coastal waters. Set in the environmental context of the colonial port city, Dockside Reading explores how imperialism colonizes water. Hofmeyr examines this theme through the concept of hydrocolonialism, which puts together land and sea, empire and environment. Isabel Hofmeyr is Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand and Global Distinguished Professor at New York University. She received her PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand. She is author of The Portable Bunyan: A Transnational History (2004) and Gandhi's Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading (2013). Along with Antoinette Burton, she co-edited Ten Books That Shaped the British Empire: Creating an Imperial Commons. Her articles have been published in the American Historical Review, Social Dynamics, PMLA, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and the Journal of African History, to name a few. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/history
In Dockside Reading: Hydrocolonialism and the Custom House (Duke University Press, 2022), Isabel Hofmeyr traces the relationships among print culture, colonialism, and the ocean through the institution of the British colonial Custom House. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, dockside customs officials would leaf through publications looking for obscenity, politically objectionable materials, or reprints of British copyrighted works, often dumping these condemned goods into the water. These practices, echoing other colonial imaginaries of the ocean as a space for erasing incriminating evidence of the violence of empire, informed later censorship regimes under apartheid in South Africa. By tracking printed matter from ship to shore, Hofmeyr shows how literary institutions like copyright and censorship were shaped by colonial control of coastal waters. Set in the environmental context of the colonial port city, Dockside Reading explores how imperialism colonizes water. Hofmeyr examines this theme through the concept of hydrocolonialism, which puts together land and sea, empire and environment. Isabel Hofmeyr is Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand and Global Distinguished Professor at New York University. She received her PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand. She is author of The Portable Bunyan: A Transnational History (2004) and Gandhi's Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading (2013). Along with Antoinette Burton, she co-edited Ten Books That Shaped the British Empire: Creating an Imperial Commons. Her articles have been published in the American Historical Review, Social Dynamics, PMLA, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and the Journal of African History, to name a few. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/literary-studies
In Dockside Reading: Hydrocolonialism and the Custom House (Duke University Press, 2022), Isabel Hofmeyr traces the relationships among print culture, colonialism, and the ocean through the institution of the British colonial Custom House. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, dockside customs officials would leaf through publications looking for obscenity, politically objectionable materials, or reprints of British copyrighted works, often dumping these condemned goods into the water. These practices, echoing other colonial imaginaries of the ocean as a space for erasing incriminating evidence of the violence of empire, informed later censorship regimes under apartheid in South Africa. By tracking printed matter from ship to shore, Hofmeyr shows how literary institutions like copyright and censorship were shaped by colonial control of coastal waters. Set in the environmental context of the colonial port city, Dockside Reading explores how imperialism colonizes water. Hofmeyr examines this theme through the concept of hydrocolonialism, which puts together land and sea, empire and environment. Isabel Hofmeyr is Professor Emeritus at the University of the Witwatersrand and Global Distinguished Professor at New York University. She received her PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand. She is author of The Portable Bunyan: A Transnational History (2004) and Gandhi's Printing Press: Experiments in Slow Reading (2013). Along with Antoinette Burton, she co-edited Ten Books That Shaped the British Empire: Creating an Imperial Commons. Her articles have been published in the American Historical Review, Social Dynamics, PMLA, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and the Journal of African History, to name a few. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
In this episode we meet Dimitri Raziev (ex-Goldman Sachs) who co-founded Kolleno with Ron Danenberg (ex-Expedia Group). Kolleno simplify B2B credit control and collections for SMEs by automating the management of receivables on one single platform. The idea to form Kolleno was born from their experience observing the impact that manual processes and poor cash flow management were having on SMEs. In less than 18 months of operation, the start-up has already acquired customers across several markets in Europe, the UK, the US, Canada, and South Africa. Tune in to here their story.
In this week's episode, we speak with Jr Ranger Vongani Masingi of the Black Mambas, the all-women's anti poaching unit, and Lewyn Maefala, founder and education officer of the Bush Babies, Environmental Education Program. We talk all about what it's like working in the bush and in the local communities in order to combat poaching and at the same time educate these same communities and schools in and around Kruger, South Africa. A joy and honor speaking with these two incredible women about how and why they came to break boundaries and make history in their communities and country New episodes drop every other Tuesday morning (EST). Kindred is hosted by Kate Coffin and Jenn Asplundh. Find out more info, show notes, or message us, go to kindredpodcast.co. Follow Us Instagram @thekindredpod Twitter @the_kindred_pod Support us at Patreon/kindredpodcast Please follow, rate, and review. Thanks.
Multiple sclerosis frequently causes visual impairment. 70% of people living with the disease can develop optic neuritis at some point and often the first sign of MS. The symptoms, medical evaluation, treatment and prognosis of optic neuritis are conveyed. Besides multiple sclerosis, other causes are discussed including MOG antibody-associated disease (MOGAD) and neuromyelitis (NMO). Double vision and shaky (or jumpy) vision are other concerning visual symptoms for people with MS. The reason for these eye movement abnormalities and detailed treatment options are covered. Experts share the latest advancements in vision research for those living with multiple sclerosis. Barry Singer MD, Director of The MS Center for Innovations in Care, interviews: Dr. Anneke van der Walt is an Associate Professor of Neurology at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. She is the head of the MS and Neuro-ophthalmology Research Group. She completed her undergraduate work in South Africa and completed her neurology training and PhD at the University of Melbourne. She is also the Chief Operating Officer of MSBase Foundation. Dr. Tariq Bhatti is a neuro-ophthalmologist currently at Kaiser Permanente in Northern California. He completed his neuro-ophthalmology fellowship at Emory. Dr. Bhatti was most recently a Professor of Ophthalmology and Neurology at Mayo Clinic and previously Chief of Neuro-ophthalmology at Duke University.