Podcasts about Metadata

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Latest podcast episodes about Metadata

The Nonlinear Library
AF - An anthropomorphic AI dilemma by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later May 7, 2023 12:00


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: An anthropomorphic AI dilemma, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on May 7, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed January 21, 2023.] Either generally-human-level AI will work internally like humans work internally, or not. If generally-human-level AI works like humans, then takeoff can be very fast, because in silico minds that work like humans are very scalable. If generally-human-level AI does not work like humans, then intent alignment is hard because we can't use our familiarity with human minds to understand the implications of what the AI is thinking or to understand what the AI is trying to do. Terms Here generally-human-level AI means artificial systems that can perform almost all tasks at or above the level of a human competent at that task (including tasks that take a long time). Here intent alignment means making artificial systems try to do what we, on reflection and all things considered, would want them to do. A system that doesn't have intents in this sense--i.e. isn't well-described as trying to do something--cannot be intent aligned. Here "how a mind works" points at the generators of the mind's ability to affect the world, and the determiners of [in what direction to push the world] a mind applies its capabilities. Let A be some generally-human-level AI system (the first one, say). (Here "dilemma" just means "two things, one of which must be true", not necessarily a problem.) The anthropomorphy dichotomy Either A will work internally like humans work internally, or not. Well, of course it's a spectrum, not a binary dichotomy, and a high-dimensional space, not a spectrum. So a bit more precisely: either A will work internally very much like how humans work internally, or very much not like how humans work internally, or some more ambiguous mix. To firmly avoid triviality: to qualify as "very much like" how humans work, in the sense used here, it is definitely neither necessary nor sufficient to enjoy walking barefoot on the beach, to get angry, to grow old, to have confirmation bias, to be slow at arithmetic, to be hairy, to have some tens of thousands of named concepts, to be distractible, and so on. What's necessary and sufficient is to share most of the dark matter generators of human-level capabilities. (To say that, is to presume that most of the generators of human-level capabilities aren't presently understood explicitly; really the condition is just about sharing the generators.) Anthropomorphic AI is scalable Suppose that A does share with humans the dark matter generators of human-level capabilities. Then A is very scalable, i.e. can be tweaked without too much difficulty so that it becomes much more capable than A. The basic case is here, in the section "The AI Advantage". (That link could be taken as arguing that AI will be non-anthropomorphic in some sense, but from the perspective of this essay, the arguments given there are of the form: here's how, starting from the human (anthropomorphic) baseline, it's visibly possible to make tweaks that greatly increase capabilities.) To add two (overlapping) points: Simple network effects might be very powerful. If ideas combine at some low rate with other ideas and with tasks, then scaling up the number of idea-slots (analogous to cortex) would give superlinear returns, just using the same sort of thinking that humans use. Imagine if every thought in the world was made available to you, so that as you're having your thoughts, the most especially relevant knowledge held by anyone brings itself to your attention, and is already your own in the same way as your knowledge is already your own. Imagine if the most productive philosophical, mathematical, and scientific quirks of thought, once called forth by some private struggles, were instantly copyable to ten thous...

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-05-07 Sermon: Creation Liberation Front

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later May 7, 2023


Fifth Sunday of Easter; Sermon based on Psalm 23:1-6 and Revelation 22:1-5. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podcast....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

METADATA
METADATA | E200: Cerramos temporada conversando en audio con una Inteligencia Artificial

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later May 5, 2023 104:12


Llegamos al episodio 200, cerrando la cuarta temporada de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología del grupo RPP. Conversé con ChatGPT en audio, finalmente, y la entrevista se voltea al final, con una IA preguntándome cosas. Además, conversamos con Daniel Söler de la Prada, presidente de la Organización de Voces Unidas "OVU" para entender por qué una Inteligencia Artificial no debe quitarle la identidad a un locutor. Esto y más en este cierre de temporada de METADATA

Audio Book Connection - Behind the Scenes with the Creative Teams
AC-T-166 Tips for Managing Audiobook ISBNs

Audio Book Connection - Behind the Scenes with the Creative Teams

Play Episode Listen Later May 4, 2023 14:21


Metadata can be your best friend! Been wondering what you need to know when it comes to ISBNs? The world runs on metadata. Learn the key things you need to know as an indie author so you can make good decisions about your ISBNs, whether your book is in print, ebook or audiobook format - and even the divisions in those basic formats (hard cover, paperback; downloadable or CD, for example). Host Becky Parker Geist takes you behind the scenes to provide just the info you need to make good audiobook production and marketing decisions. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-04-30 Sermon: The Spirituality of Being Wrong

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later May 1, 2023


Fourth Sunday of Easter; Sermon based on Jonah 4:5-10 and John 20:24-29. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podcasts, ....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

The Nonlinear Library
AF - The voyage of novelty by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 30, 2023 9:59


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: The voyage of novelty, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on April 30, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed January 17, 2023. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text might be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] Novelty is understanding that is new to a mind, that doesn't readily correspond or translate to something already in the mind. We want AGI in order to understand stuff that we haven't yet understood. So we want a system that takes a voyage of novelty: a creative search progressively incorporating ideas and ways of thinking that we haven't seen before. A voyage of novelty is fraught: we don't understand the relationship between novelty and control within a mind. What takes the voyage, from where to where? The voyage is taken by some AI system, from not understanding what we want it to understand, to understanding all that. A schematic: Novelty Novelty is structure that is new to a mind. A mind acquires novelty via creativity. Endosystemic novelty is novelty that fits in with the preexisting mind in ways analogous to how preexisting elements of the mind fit in with the mind; e.g., a new sub-skill such as "opening a car door", or a new word. Diasystemic novelty is novelty (new structure) that involves through-going changes to the mind; e.g. a new heuristic like "investigate boundaries" applied automatically across many contexts. At the extreme end of diasystemic novelty are cognitive realms distinct from the cognitive realm currently occupied by the mind. Structure hand-holdable by humanity Where does the voyage of novelty start? It starts wherever the mind is. But where can it safely start? A lot of structure has the property that it is easy enough for humans to render non-dangerous a mind's exploration (discovery, creation) and exercise (application, expression) of that structure. Humanity can "hold a mind's hand" through its voyage of novelty through such structure. Some overlapping reasons that structure can be hand-holdable, with examples: The structure just doesn't contribute much to a mind having large effects on the world. For example, a mind might know about some obscure species of grass that no human knows about; a human can't understand the mind's thoughts in absolutely full detail, at least without zerself learning about the species of grass. But it just doesn't matter that much, assuming the grass isn't a source of extremely potent toxin or something. The structure is easy to intervene on to limit the extent of its influence over the rest of the mind. For example, one can limit the information flow between graspable elements. (However, this sort of hand-holding is very fraught, for example because of conceptual Doppelgängers: the rest of the mind can just reconstitute the supposedly boxed structure in a Doppelgänger outside of the box.) The structure is easy for humans to understand fully, including all its implications for and participation in thinking and action, so that it doesn't contribute inscrutably to the mind's activity. See gemini modeling. For example, the mental model [coffee cup] is hand-holdable, as humans have it. This is a central example of hand-holdability: the mind (hypothetically, at least) in question does the same things, thinks the same way, with respect to coffee cups, as do humans; what's in common between the mind's activity in different contexts with respect to coffee cups, is also in common with humans. (It's not clear whether and how this is possible in practice, for one thing due to essential provisionality: the way a mind thinks about something can always change and expand, so that [the structure that currently plays the analogous role in ...

METADATA
METADATA | E199: Hackeando Marte por delivery con menos teléfonos para video

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 28, 2023 125:57


Llegamos a los 199 episodios de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología del Grupo RPP. En este extenso reporte de actualidad, conversamos con Fernando Grados de Dominio Consultores sobre las importaciones de celulares, tablets y PCs durante el primer tercio del 2023. Hay sorpresas, y varias. También nos animamos a preguntarle a UPAL cómo hackear Marte desde el Perú, y nos comentaron sobre una hackaton muy interesante. Revisamos con Rappi gran parte de sus innovaciones para los próximos meses en temas de reparto e implementación de IA. Además, te decimos cómo Samsung te ayudará a convertir tu sueño de realizador audiovisual en realidad con el primer Film Fest.

The Data Exchange with Ben Lorica

Gev Sogomonian is co-author of AimStack, an open-source, self-hosted AI metadata tracker that logs all your AI metadata, such as experiments and prompts, and provides a user-friendly UI for comparing and observing them. It also offers an SDK for programmatically querying tracked metadata.Subscribe to the Gradient Flow Newsletter:  https://gradientflow.substack.com/Subscribe: Apple • Spotify • Stitcher • Google • AntennaPod • Podcast Addict • Amazon •  RSS.Detailed show notes can be found on The Data Exchange web site.

Software Engineering Radio - The Podcast for Professional Software Developers

Dan Demers of Cinchy.com joins host Jeff Doolittle for a conversation about data collaboration and dataware. Dataware platforms leverage an operational data fabric to liberate data from apps and other silos and connect it together in real-time data networks. They explore a range of key topics, including zero-copy integration, encapsulation and information hiding, handling changes to data models over time, and latency and access issues. The discussion also explores dataware management and security concerns, as well as the concept of 'data plasticity' as an analogy to neuroplasticity, which is where the nervous system can respond to stimuli such as injuries by reorganizing its structure, functions, or connections.

New to Product Marketing
Balancing Strategic and Tactical Tasks as a Product Marketer with Alex Virden

New to Product Marketing

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 26, 2023 33:36


On this episode we seek to answer the ages old question: how do I balance my strategic and tactical work as a Product Marketer? We're joined by Alex Virden, Director of Product Marketing at Metadata, to discuss the difference between the two, what tasks fall in each bucket, and how to ensure you're succeeding at both. Thank you to our sponsor Product Marketing Alliance for partnering with us for season 3 of the podcast. You can use the code newtopmm for 10% off PMA's Product Marketing Certified Core course (and all other PMA courses).And thank you to The Compete Network for producing the New to PMM pod. Check out other great Compete Network shows here.Follow Alex.Follow Maggie. 

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Endo-, Dia-, Para-, and Ecto-systemic novelty by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 23, 2023 9:40


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Endo-, Dia-, Para-, and Ecto-systemic novelty, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on April 23, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed January 10, 2023. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text might be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] Novelty can be coarsely described as one of: fitting within a preexisting system; constituting a shift of the system; creating a new parallel subsystem; or standing unintegrated outside the system. Thanks to Sam Eisenstat for related conversations. Novelty is understanding (structure, elements) that a mind acquires (finds, understands, makes its own, integrates, becomes, makes available for use to itself or its elements, incorporates into its thinking). A novel element (that is, structure that wasn't already there in the mind fully explicitly) can relate to the mind in a few ways, described here mainly by analogy and example. A clearer understanding of novelty than given here might clarify the forces acting in and on a mind when it is acquiring novelty, such as "value drives". Definitions "System" ("together-standing") is used here to emphasize the network of relations between elements of a mind. These terms aren't supposed to be categories, but more like overlapping regions in the space of possibilities for how novelty relates to the preexisting mind. Endosystemic novelty (or "basis-aligned" or "in-ontology") is novelty that is integrated into the mind by fitting alongside and connecting to other elements, in ways analogous to how preexisting elements fit in with each other. Endosystemic novelty is "within the system"; it's within the language, ontology, style of thinking, conceptual scheme, or modus operandi of the preexisting mind. Diasystemic novelty (or "cross-cutting" or "basis-skew" or "ontological shift") is novelty that is constituted as a novel structure of the mind by many shifts in many of the preexisting elements or relations, adding up to something coherent or characteristically patterned. Diasystemic novelty is "throughout the system"; it's skew to the system, cross-cutting the preexisting schemes; it touches (maybe subtly) many elements, many relations, or certain elements that shape much of the mind's activity, hence altering the overall dynamics or character of the system. Parasystemic novelty is novelty that is only loosely integrated into the whole mind, while being more tightly integrated within a subsystem of the mind. Parasystemic novelty is "alongside the system"; it's neither basis-aligned (since it's outside preexisting tightly integrated systems) nor cross-cutting (as it doesn't touch most of the system, or require most of the system for its constitution). Ectosystemic novelty is novelty that is merely juxtaposed or appended to the mind, without being really integrated. Ectosystemic novelty is "on or outside the system"; it's external, only loosely related to the mind, as by a narrow interface or by an external aggregration mechanism. It differs from parasystemic novelty by being even less integrated, and by not nucleating or expanding a tightly integrated subsystem. Analogies Analogy: If a language is like a mind, then a new word would be endosystemic novelty; a sound shift or (more properly) a grammatical innovation would be diasystemic (cross-cutting) novelty; specialized languages (such as scientific jargon), and dialect formation, would be parasystemic novelty; and an encounter with a foreign language would be ectosystemic novelty. Pidgins, being unstable and noncanonical, witness the ectosystemic nature: the foreign languages don't integrate. Creoles, however, could be dubbed "systemopoetic novelty"--like parasystemic novel...

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-04-23 Sermon: Tambourines

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 23, 2023


Third Sunday of Easter; Sermon based on Exodus 15:20, 1 Samuel 10:5, 2 Samuel 6:5, 1 Chronicles 13:8, and Psalm 150:4. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn)....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

METADATA
METADATA | E198: ¿Qué libro estaba leyendo el "Robot de Platón" cuando explotó Starship?

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 21, 2023 120:08


Llegamos al episodio 198 de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología del Grupo RPP. En esta sesión, conversamos con Aldo Bartra durante la presentación de su libro "El Robot de Platón: Mitos espaciales". Escuchamos a Vasco Mujica, ex gerente de Grin Perú, acerca del cierre de operaciones de la empresa de scooters en Lima. Además, conversamos con el country manager del sistema BUSCALIBRE, portal de venta de libros.

On Subrogation
Metadata and Ethics Opinions

On Subrogation

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 21, 2023 35:29


Metadata, is not the contents of an electronic file, but information about that file.  It's data about data, and nearly every electronic document, photo, recording, or file has it.   This information can be created automatically by a computer or user or be inferred through a relationship with another document, and the owner may not even know it's there. Can metadata be disclosing more information to the opposing party than you intend?  The short answer is yes, and that is why it is so important to understand metadata.  On this week's podcast, Rebecca and Steve discuss lawsuits and ethics opinions from around the country regarding the disclosure of client and file information that was hidden in metadata. Is it ethical for an opposing party to utilize metadata?  Does this encrypted information violate confidentiality?  The information is virtual, but the risk is real.

Rosenfeld Review Podcast
Ren Pope on Ontology in the Digital Age

Rosenfeld Review Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 19, 2023 38:15


Ren Pope has a passion for all things data, information, and knowledge, and he strives to make them more accessible, organized, and enduring. You may be surprised that this conversation about information architecture takes us back to classic Greek philosophy, specifically ontology, which is concerned with the nature of being—that is, what is real and not real. What is inside a computer cannot be seen, yet it is real in the sense that it has value and can impact reality. And as a modern ontologist, Ren wants to make information accessible and useful. That often starts with assigning names to things—nouns and verbs to label the functions of an organization so that things can be indexed, searched, retrieved, crosslinked, and so that relationships can be defined through metadata. It's a complicated process for small businesses and consultants, and the challenges rise exponentially for enterprises with multiple departments and silos. With 60 years of shared experience, Ren and Lou remember when companies were dependent on Excel Spreadsheets and PowerPoint to manage the complexities of a living and evolving organization (many still are!). Today there are multiple options for organizing both structured and unstructured data, and thanks to ontologists like Ren, the tools are getting better. Lou and Ren's discussion spans from the philosophical to the practical. Ren shares some concrete ways to use ontological thinking in your everyday work: • Find all the nouns and verbs your organization uses to describe its functions. • Define what you are trying to accomplish. • Focus your scope. The narrower the domain, or the more specific the task, the easier your task will be. If you don't have a narrow, well-defined scope, you will probably over-collect data. • Find how the nouns and verbs interact. • Have a method for maintaining your data. Ren will be presenting at the upcoming 2023 Enterprise UX conference June 6-7: https://rosenfeldmedia.com/enterprise-ux-2023/ What you'll learn from this episode: • About classic ontology and how it relates to the digital age • How information architecture has evolved over the last 30 years • What is ontological thinking and how to incorporate it into your work • The relationship between information architects, engineers, and the end user • About the upcoming Enterprise UX Conference in June: https://rosenfeldmedia.com/enterprise-ux-2023/ Quick Reference Guide • [0:00:58] Introduction of Ren Pope • [0:02:17] Ontologist vs information architect vs interactive designer vs knowledge manager • [0:06:00] Ontology within organizations and particular challenges for enterprises • [0:09:50] Metadata for structured and unstructured data • [0:14:01] LLM summaries, single metadata terms, abstracts, summaries – they all have their place and all can work together • [0:18:50] How normal people can benefit from ontology or better IA at an enterprise level • [0:23:28] Data needs to be captured, managed, and represented • [0:27:41] A glimpse of the back-in-the-day solutions, like Excel Spreadsheets and PowerPoint, and how far we've come • [0:29:40] The scale of volume and complexity of the enterprise environment keeps growing. Is technology keeping up? • [0:35:08] Ren's gift to the audience – Mettle Health: https://www.mettlehealth.com

Data Protection Gumbo
191: Data and Resilience in the AI Age - Arcitecta

Data Protection Gumbo

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 18, 2023 26:41


Jason Lohrey, Founder and CEO of Arcitecta dives into the world of data management and explore the challenges of managing vast amounts of data. We also discuss the differences between structured and unstructured data, the importance of metadata, and the need for a shift in thinking about data storage and security.

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-04-16 Sermon: Will We Wait To Hear God's Song?

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 17, 2023


Second Sunday of Easter; Sermon based on Psalm 40:1-10 and John 20:24-29. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podcasts,....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

The Nonlinear Library
LW - Possibilizing vs. actualizing by TsviBT

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 17, 2023 9:29


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Possibilizing vs. actualizing, published by TsviBT on April 16, 2023 on LessWrong. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed December 31, 2022. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text might be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] Some behavior seems like it's just making things possible, without actually doing much of anything, while other behavior seems to actually do something. Is there a principled, or a useful, distinction between possibilizing and actualizing? Is it possible to possibilize a large effect on the world without actualizing large effects on the world? It's not clear whether this is a real distinction, but to me it's a very intuitive and intuitively salient idea (because possibilizing seems safer than actualizing), so I'd like to have a better analysis or dissolution of it. Terms Possibilizing is making something possible for an agent to do. That is, it's setting the stage, preparing, unlocking, satisfying the preconditions, gathering the needed resources and tools, gaining the necessary understanding and skill and components and information, getting agents on board, making the plans, opening the way. "Possible" is cognate with "potent", "power", and "hospital". Other possible words: enabling, feasibilizing, empowering. Actualizing is (an agent) actually doing something, making something happen, achieving a goal, affecting something, having impact, delivering a payload. Other possible words: realizing, implementing, exerting. Examples Taking a step forward along a path possibilizes the next step, and contributes to possibilizing further steps; and it actualizes itself, a forward movement of the walker. In this example, it does seem like there's much distinction between possibilizing and actualizing: what's being possibilized (subsequent steps) is the same sort of thing as the possibilizing (the current step), and they interact in a straightforward way. Intuitively, this is mere progress, not possibilizing, so the above definition of possibilizing is incomplete. Speed cubers first look at the Rubik's cube, then put it down, and then pick it up and turn its faces. Before they pick it up the second time, in their head they're possibilizing solving the cube by figuring out the sequence of moves. Before that, they had to understand how to solve the cube and train that skill, which was also possibilizing solving the cube. The order can't be switched: you can't turn the faces so the cube is in a solved state, and then, after that, figure out for the first time what sequence of turns would solve the cube. But you can "think with the cube", trying out moves to see what happens, sometimes backtracking, which blurs the distinction. To build a complicated house, you look at the site where you'll build it, then you leave and elsewhere you think and draw pictures, and then later you come back and build the house. A lot of engineering tasks are solved straightforwardly. But engineering tasks that push the envelope require the engineers to recurse up to more abstract thinking (e.g. "first-principles thinking"), removing all but the most necessary assumptions/constraints, finding an abstract design that satisfies the abstract constraints, and then constructing a new concrete, detailed design in a way that's beholden to the abstract design. Coming up with a word possibilizes the expression of some thoughts. Coming up with a concept possibilizes making good predictions and finding good designs. If you don't know about chromatic dispersion, you'll be confused about why your lenses produce images with weird color-dependent blurring, and you'll have trouble knowing, without physically testing, how much chromatic dispersion a ...

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Possibilizing vs. actualizing by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 16, 2023 9:30


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Possibilizing vs. actualizing, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on April 16, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed December 31, 2022. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text might be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] Some behavior seems like it's just making things possible, without actually doing much of anything, while other behavior seems to actually do something. Is there a principled, or a useful, distinction between possibilizing and actualizing? Is it possible to possibilize a large effect on the world without actualizing large effects on the world? It's not clear whether this is a real distinction, but to me it's a very intuitive and intuitively salient idea (because possibilizing seems safer than actualizing), so I'd like to have a better analysis or dissolution of it. Terms Possibilizing is making something possible for an agent to do. That is, it's setting the stage, preparing, unlocking, satisfying the preconditions, gathering the needed resources and tools, gaining the necessary understanding and skill and components and information, getting agents on board, making the plans, opening the way. "Possible" is cognate with "potent", "power", and "hospital". Other possible words: enabling, feasibilizing, empowering. Actualizing is (an agent) actually doing something, making something happen, achieving a goal, affecting something, having impact, delivering a payload. Other possible words: realizing, implementing, exerting. Examples Taking a step forward along a path possibilizes the next step, and contributes to possibilizing further steps; and it actualizes itself, a forward movement of the walker. In this example, it does seem like there's much distinction between possibilizing and actualizing: what's being possibilized (subsequent steps) is the same sort of thing as the possibilizing (the current step), and they interact in a straightforward way. Intuitively, this is mere progress, not possibilizing, so the above definition of possibilizing is incomplete. Speed cubers first look at the Rubik's cube, then put it down, and then pick it up and turn its faces. Before they pick it up the second time, in their head they're possibilizing solving the cube by figuring out the sequence of moves. Before that, they had to understand how to solve the cube and train that skill, which was also possibilizing solving the cube. The order can't be switched: you can't turn the faces so the cube is in a solved state, and then, after that, figure out for the first time what sequence of turns would solve the cube. But you can "think with the cube", trying out moves to see what happens, sometimes backtracking, which blurs the distinction. To build a complicated house, you look at the site where you'll build it, then you leave and elsewhere you think and draw pictures, and then later you come back and build the house. A lot of engineering tasks are solved straightforwardly. But engineering tasks that push the envelope require the engineers to recurse up to more abstract thinking (e.g. "first-principles thinking"), removing all but the most necessary assumptions/constraints, finding an abstract design that satisfies the abstract constraints, and then constructing a new concrete, detailed design in a way that's beholden to the abstract design. Coming up with a word possibilizes the expression of some thoughts. Coming up with a concept possibilizes making good predictions and finding good designs. If you don't know about chromatic dispersion, you'll be confused about why your lenses produce images with weird color-dependent blurring, and you'll have trouble knowing, without physically testing, how muc...

METADATA
METADATA | E197: De lo viejo a lo nuevo, de lo básico a lo potente

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 14, 2023 42:29


Llega la sesión 197 de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología de RPP. Aprovechando nuestra visita a Medellín, conversamos con Mediatek sobre su rol en el segmento móvil. Además, Samsung nos cuenta al detalle sobre "Eco Bono", su propuesta reciclable para bonificarte por compras en la web local.

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Expanding the domain of discourse reveals structure already there but hidden by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 9, 2023 9:36


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Expanding the domain of discourse reveals structure already there but hidden, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on April 9, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed May 15, 2022. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text might be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] To understand a complex system like a mind or an ecosystem, we have to understand a tangled web of objects, features, processes, relations, correlations, clusters, constraints, causes, and so on. It helps to find underlying explanations and generating process, and to find deep reasons that explain why many relationships are the way they are. To find those underlying explanations, it helps to know relationships between relationships: which relationships cause, explain, or constrain other relationships. When staring at an assembly of relationships and asking which relationships explain other relationships, it can seem like we're at a loss for where to go; sometimes there are clearly relationships, but there's no clear way to extract any further order, because there's no basis on which to say that one relationship explains another--the relationships are just there, and that's it. By way of example/analogy, suppose we look at a list of facts like [3×4=12, 12/4=3, 4=12/3, 12=4×3], and ask, which facts are more foundational to which other facts? Which facts explain, ground, cause, or constitute the essence of, which other facts? Is 12/4=3 because 12=4×3, or vice versa? Is the evenness of 12 due to the evenness of 4? Or due to the evenness of 6? What if there's no answer, and all we can say is that all these facts stand together as related by derivations and proofs, with no priority given to any of them over any other? Another example: take a smooth closed curve C in the plane. These conditions are equivalent: There is a point p such that all points on C are equidistant from p. C has constant curvature. (If C bounds a disc) C bounds the maximum area that's possible to bound with a curve of the same length as C. The group of isometries of the plane that maps C to itself is a nontrivial connected compact topological group. These conditions all define a circle in the plane. If we're asked "Why does a locus of equidistant points have constant curvature?", we can answer with a proof. But if we're asked, "Is a circle constant curvature because it maximizes area, or does it maximize area because it has constant curvature?", we might have nothing to say. If we ask "Why does a wheel roll?", should we be satisfied with the explanation: "To roll, it's necessary that it admits a nontrivial connected compact group of isometries; it admits these isometries because it has constant curvature; it has constant curvature because the points on its rim are equidistant from the axle."? What if instead the explanation ended with "...because its rim bounds the maximum area boundable by any rim of the same length."? What if we meant to ask why the rolling keeps the axle level, not why the rolling is a continuous motion? In some cases, deriving the presence of traits in a species from other present traits might be like this: the traits all imply each other, so the implications can be understood, but none of the traits underlie the other traits. This situation is not so implausible. For one thing, features of species that we name might be related to each other less like two objects relate to each other (causal dynamics, interaction) and more like logical properties (implication, equivalence). E.g. the feature "totally consumes its prey" pretty much logically implies "causes its prey to die". For another thing, many systems (especially biological and mental ones) h...

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-04-09 Sermon: Can These Bones Live?

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 9, 2023


The Resurrection of the Lord; Sermon based on Ezekiel 37:1-14 and Mark 16:1-8. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podc....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

METADATA
METADATA | E196: 50 años del teléfono, y Apple sopla sus propias velas

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 5, 2023 38:52


Llegamos a la sesión 196 de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología del Grupo RPP. En este episodio, repasamos los detalles por los que ChatGPT fue bloqueada en Italia, y los que Bill Gates considera relevantes para que la IA de OpenAI no detenga su avance. Te explicamos el caos en Twitter generado por el ícono de DOGECOIN, mientras desglosamos el plan de Apple para "sacarle la vuelta" a la Unión Europea desde el iPhone 15.-

Test & Code - Python Testing & Development
197: Python project trove classifiers - Do you need this bit of pyproject.toml metadata?

Test & Code - Python Testing & Development

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 5, 2023 32:49


Classifiers are one bit of Python project metadata that predates PyPI. Classifiers are weird. They were around in setuptools days, and are still here with pyproject.toml. What are they? Why do we need them? Do we need them? Which classifiers should I include? Why are they called "trove classifiers" in the Python docs (https://pypi.org/classifiers/) Brett Cannon joins the show to discuss these wacky bits of metadata. Here's an example, from pytest-crayons (https://github.com/okken/pytest-crayons/blob/main/pyproject.toml): [project] ... classifiers = [ "License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License", "Framework :: Pytest" ] Special Guest: Brett Cannon.

Hedera Hashgraph - Gossip About Gossip Podcast
HIP-412: Standardizing NFT Metadata for Interoperability and Flexibility

Hedera Hashgraph - Gossip About Gossip Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 4, 2023 12:56


The Nonlinear Library
LW - Ultimate ends may be easily hidable behind convergent subgoals by TsviBT

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 2, 2023 34:39


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Ultimate ends may be easily hidable behind convergent subgoals, published by TsviBT on April 2, 2023 on LessWrong. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed December 18, 2022.] Thought and action in pursuit of convergent instrumental subgoals do not automatically reveal why those subgoals are being pursued--towards what supergoals--because many other agents with different supergoals would also pursue those subgoals, maybe with overlapping thought and action. In particular, an agent's ultimate ends don't have to be revealed by its pursuit of convergent subgoals. It might might therefore be easy to covertly pursue some ultimate goal by mostly pursuing generally useful subgoals of other supergoals. By the inspection paradox for the convergence of subgoals, it might be easy to think and act almost comprehensively like a non-threatening agent would think and act, while going most of the way towards achieving some other more ambitious goal. Note: the summary above is the basic idea. The rest of the essay analyzes the idea in a lot of detail. The final main section might be the most interesting. What can you tell about an agent's ultimate intent by its behavior? An agent's ultimate intent is what the agent would do if it had unlimited ability to influence the world. What can we tell about an agent's ultimate intent by watching the external actions it takes, whether low-level (e.g. muscle movements) or higher-level (e.g. going to the store), and by watching its thinking (e.g. which numbers it's multiplying, which questions it's asking, which web searches it's running, which concepts are active)? Terms The cosmos is everything, including the observable world, logical facts, observers and agents themselves, and possibilities. A goal-state is a state of the cosmos that an agent could try to bring about. (A state is equivalent to a set of states; more formally, the cosmos is a locale of possibilities and a goal-state is an open subspace.) An instantiation of a cosmos-state is a substate. E.g. [I have this particular piece of gold] is an instantiation of [I have a piece of gold in general]. A goal is a property of an agent of the form: this agent is trying to bring about goal-state G. Overloading the notation, we also say the agent has the goal G, and we can imprecisely let the term also stand for whatever mental elements constitute the goal and its relations to the rest of the agent. A pursuit of G is behavior, a set of actions, selected to achieve G. Since an agent having a goal G is basically the same as the agent pursuing G, we also say e.g. "the farmer has the goal [grow crops]", which really means, "the farmer selects actions that ze expects will bring about zer goal state [have crops], and so ze behaves in a way that's well-described as [growing crops]". A strategy (for G) is a pursuit (of G) that involves an arrangement of goals (perhaps in sequence or in multiple parallel lines, perhaps with branching on contingencies). If an agent is following a strategy for G, then for each goal Gs in the strategy, Gs is a subgoal of the agent's goal of G, and G is a supergoal of Gs. We can also loosely say that some goal G′ is a subgoal of G if G′ helps achieve G, whether or not there's an agent pursuing G using G′, meaning vaguely something like "there's a strategy sufficient to achieve G that uses G′ as a necessary part" or "many agents will do reasonably well in pursuing G if they use G′". An intermediate goal is a goal that motivates the pursuit of subgoals, and itself is motivated by the pursuit of one or more supergoals. The motivator set of a goal G is the set of goals Gs such that Gs is plausibly a supergoal of G. The (sufficient) strategy set of a goal G is the set of strategies that are sufficient to achieve G. Inferring supergoals through subgoals Suppose that G is an in...

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Ultimate ends may be easily hidable behind convergent subgoals by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 2, 2023 34:40


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Ultimate ends may be easily hidable behind convergent subgoals, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on April 2, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed December 18, 2022.] Thought and action in pursuit of convergent instrumental subgoals do not automatically reveal why those subgoals are being pursued--towards what supergoals--because many other agents with different supergoals would also pursue those subgoals, maybe with overlapping thought and action. In particular, an agent's ultimate ends don't have to be revealed by its pursuit of convergent subgoals. It might might therefore be easy to covertly pursue some ultimate goal by mostly pursuing generally useful subgoals of other supergoals. By the inspection paradox for the convergence of subgoals, it might be easy to think and act almost comprehensively like a non-threatening agent would think and act, while going most of the way towards achieving some other more ambitious goal. Note: the summary above is the basic idea. The rest of the essay analyzes the idea in a lot of detail. The final main section might be the most interesting. What can you tell about an agent's ultimate intent by its behavior? An agent's ultimate intent is what the agent would do if it had unlimited ability to influence the world. What can we tell about an agent's ultimate intent by watching the external actions it takes, whether low-level (e.g. muscle movements) or higher-level (e.g. going to the store), and by watching its thinking (e.g. which numbers it's multiplying, which questions it's asking, which web searches it's running, which concepts are active)? Terms The cosmos is everything, including the observable world, logical facts, observers and agents themselves, and possibilities. A goal-state is a state of the cosmos that an agent could try to bring about. (A state is equivalent to a set of states; more formally, the cosmos is a locale of possibilities and a goal-state is an open subspace.) An instantiation of a cosmos-state is a substate. E.g. [I have this particular piece of gold] is an instantiation of [I have a piece of gold in general]. A goal is a property of an agent of the form: this agent is trying to bring about goal-state G. Overloading the notation, we also say the agent has the goal G, and we can imprecisely let the term also stand for whatever mental elements constitute the goal and its relations to the rest of the agent. A pursuit of G is behavior, a set of actions, selected to achieve G. Since an agent having a goal G is basically the same as the agent pursuing G, we also say e.g. "the farmer has the goal [grow crops]", which really means, "the farmer selects actions that ze expects will bring about zer goal state [have crops], and so ze behaves in a way that's well-described as [growing crops]". A strategy (for G) is a pursuit (of G) that involves an arrangement of goals (perhaps in sequence or in multiple parallel lines, perhaps with branching on contingencies). If an agent is following a strategy for G, then for each goal Gs in the strategy, Gs is a subgoal of the agent's goal of G, and G is a supergoal of Gs. We can also loosely say that some goal G′ is a subgoal of G if G′ helps achieve G, whether or not there's an agent pursuing G using G′, meaning vaguely something like "there's a strategy sufficient to achieve G that uses G′ as a necessary part" or "many agents will do reasonably well in pursuing G if they use G′". An intermediate goal is a goal that motivates the pursuit of subgoals, and itself is motivated by the pursuit of one or more supergoals. The motivator set of a goal G is the set of goals Gs such that Gs is plausibly a supergoal of G. The (sufficient) strategy set of a goal G is the set of strategies that are sufficient to achieve G. Inferring supergoals through subgoal...

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-04-02 Sermon: Release the Reigns

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 2, 2023


Palm/Passion Sunday; Sermon based on Psalm 118:19-29 and Matthew 21:1-11. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podcasts,....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

METADATA
METADATA | E195: GPT-4, IA generativa y la ética ¿qué tenemos que perder?

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 31, 2023 89:59


METADATA 195 ya llegó al Audioplayer de RPP. El pódcast de tecnología aborda los temas éticos detrás de la implementación tecnológica de la IA generativa como ChatGPT o DALL-E junto con IBM. Conversamos con Motorola para conocer todo lo referente al ThinkPhone, el nuevo lanzamiento de la marca. Además, te contamos qué rayos pasa en Twitter, que hoy vale menos de la mitad de lo que pagó Elon Musk.

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-03-26 Sermon: Sitting with God

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 27, 2023


Fifth Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on 1 Kings 19:11-18 and 1 Corinthians 12:12-27. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Goog....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Descriptive vs. specifiable values by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 26, 2023 3:46


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Descriptive vs. specifiable values, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on March 26, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed November 19, 2022.] What are an agent's values? An answer to this question might be a good description of the agent's external behavior and internal workings, without showing how one could modify the agent's workings or origins so that the agent pushes the world in a specific different direction. Descriptive values There's some discussion of what can be inferred about the values of an agent based on its behavior and structure. E.g. see Daniel Dennett's intentional stance, and "Occam's razor is insufficient to infer the preferences of irrational agents" by Stuart Armstrong, Sören Mindermann (arxiv), and this post by Vanessa Kosoy. One could describe an agent as having certain values: the agent's behavior is a boundedly rational attempt to push the world in certain directions. For some purposes, it's useful to have a parsimonious description of an agent's behavior or internal workings in terms of values. For example, such a description could be useful for helping the agent out: to help the agent out, you push the world in the same direction that the agent is trying to push the world. Specifiable values A distinct purpose in describing an agent as having values is to answer questions about values in counterfactuals: What determined that the agent would have those values and not other values? Under what circumstances will the agent continue to have those values? E.g., will the agent rewrite itself so that its behavior is no longer well-described as boundedly pursuing those values? How could the agent's values be modified? How could the values be modified in a specific direction, or to a specific state, so that that the modified agent has some specific effect on the world? How could the agent's ontogeny--the process that made it what it is--be altered so that it ends up with some other specific values? To make these questions more likely to have answers, and to not rely too much on assumptions about what values are, replace the notion of "values" with the notion "what directions a mind ends up pushing the world in". Quasi-example: explicit utility maximization An auxiliary question: how, mechanistically, do "the values" determine the behavior? This question might not have an answer, because there might not be some component in the agent that constitutes "the values". For example, in humans, there's no clear value component; there are many in-built behavior-determiners, but they don't fully constitute what we call our values. But, in cases where we clearly understand the mechanism by which an agent's values determine its behavior, answers to other questions about values in counterfactuals might follow. For example, there's the classic agent model: a system that searches for actions that it predicts will lead in expectation to the most highly-scored world according to its utility function box. The mechanism is explicit in this model. The utility function is embodied, in a box, as an input-output function, and it determines the agent's effects on the world by providing the criterion that the agent uses to select actions. Some answers to the above questions follow. E.g., it's clear at least qualitatively how to modify the agent's values to a specific state: if you want to make the agent cause a certain kind of world, just change the utility function to score that kind of world highly. Even this example is not so clear cut, and relies on background assumptions. See problems with embedded agency. For example, if we assume that there's already a fixed world (that is, an understanding of what's possible) about which to define the utility function, we sweep under the rug that the understanding behind having such a world had t...

METADATA
METADATA | E194: TikTok se defiende mientras Himiko Data nos preocupa

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 24, 2023 123:19


Una sesión intensa de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología de RPP y NIUSGEEK. En esta edición194, te explicamos los detalles de la "Ley de IA" que la Unión Europea busca implementar en respuesta al desarrollo de IA generativa como ChatGPT y otras. Hablamos de la presentación del CEO de TikTok ante el Congreso de los Estados Unidos. Además, compartimos la sesión de METALIVE en donde un seguidor denunció la presencia de HIMIKO DATA, el bot de Telegram que expone datos sensibles de los peruanos.

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Shell games by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 19, 2023 6:49


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Shell games, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on March 19, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed November 18, 2022.] Shell game Here's the classic shell game: Youtube Screenshot from that video. The little ball is a phantom: when you look for it under a specific shell, it's not there, it's under a different shell. (This might be where the name "shell company" comes from: the business dealings are definitely somewhere, just not in this company you're looking at.) Perpetual motion machines Related: Perpetual motion beliefs Bhāskara's wheel is a proposed perpetual-motion machine from the Middle Ages: Here's another version: From this video. Someone could try arguing that this really is a perpetual motion machine: Q: How do the bars get lifted up? What does the work to lift them? A: By the bars on the other side pulling down. Q: How does the wheel keep turning? How do the bars pull more on their way down than on their way up? A: Because they're extended further from the center on the downward-moving side than on the upward-moving side, so they apply more torque to the wheel. Q: How do the bars extend further on the way down? A: Because the momentum of the wheel carries them into the vertical bar, flipping them over. Q: But when that happens, energy is expended to lift up the little weights; that energy comes out of the kinetic energy of the wheel. A: Ok, you're right, but that's not necessary to the design. All we need is that the torque on the downward side is greater than the torque on the upward side, so instead of flipping the weights up, we could tweak the mechanism to just shift them outward, straight to the side. That doesn't take any energy because it's just going straight sideways, from a resting position to another resting position. Q: Yeah... you can shift them sideways with nearly zero work... but that means the weights are attached to the wheel at a pivot, right? So they'll just fall back and won't provide more torque. A: They don't pivot, you fix them in place so they provide more torque. Q: Ok, but then when do you push the weights back inward? A: At the bottom. Q: When the weight is at the bottom? But then the slider isn't horizontal, so pushing the weight back towards the center is pushing it upward, which takes work. A: I meant, when the slider is at the bottom--when it's horizontal. Q: But if the sliders are fixed in place, by the time they're horizontal at the bottom, you've already lifted the weights back up some amount; they're strong-torquing the other way. A: At the bottom there's a guide ramp to lift the weights using normal force. Q: But the guide ramp is also torquing the wheel. And so on. The inventor can play hide the torque and hide the work. Shell games in alignment Some alignment schemes--schemes for structuring or training an AGI so that it can be transformatively useful and doesn't kill everyone--are prone to playing shell games. That is, there's some features of the scheme that don't seem to happen in a specific place; they happen somewhere other than where you're looking at the moment. Consider these questions: What sort of smarter-than-human work is supposed to be done by the AGI? When and how does it do that work--by what combination of parts across time? How does it become able to do that work? At what points does the AGI come to new understanding that it didn't have before? How does the AGI orchestrate it's thinking and actions to have large effects on the world? By what process, components, rules, or other elements? What determines the direction that the AGI's actions will push the world? Where did those determiners come from, and how exactly do they determine the direction? Where and how much do human operators have to make judgements? How much are those judgements being relied on to point to...

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-03-19 Sermon: Un Mensaje desde Cuba (Spanish)

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 19, 2023


Fourth Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on Isaiah 7:10-14 and Matthew 1:18-23. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podca....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-03-19 Sermon: A Message from Cuba (English voice over)

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 19, 2023


Fourth Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on Isaiah 7:10-14 and Matthew 1:18-23. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podca....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

The Nonlinear Library
LW - Shell games by TsviBT

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 19, 2023 6:47


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Shell games, published by TsviBT on March 19, 2023 on LessWrong. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed November 18, 2022.] Shell game Here's the classic shell game: Youtube Screenshot from that video. The little ball is a phantom: when you look for it under a specific shell, it's not there, it's under a different shell. (This might be where the name "shell company" comes from: the business dealings are definitely somewhere, just not in this company you're looking at.) Perpetual motion machines Related: Perpetual motion beliefs Bhāskara's wheel is a proposed perpetual-motion machine from the Middle Ages: Here's another version: From this video. Someone could try arguing that this really is a perpetual motion machine: Q: How do the bars get lifted up? What does the work to lift them? A: By the bars on the other side pulling down. Q: How does the wheel keep turning? How do the bars pull more on their way down than on their way up? A: Because they're extended further from the center on the downward-moving side than on the upward-moving side, so they apply more torque to the wheel. Q: How do the bars extend further on the way down? A: Because the momentum of the wheel carries them into the vertical bar, flipping them over. Q: But when that happens, energy is expended to lift up the little weights; that energy comes out of the kinetic energy of the wheel. A: Ok, you're right, but that's not necessary to the design. All we need is that the torque on the downward side is greater than the torque on the upward side, so instead of flipping the weights up, we could tweak the mechanism to just shift them outward, straight to the side. That doesn't take any energy because it's just going straight sideways, from a resting position to another resting position. Q: Yeah... you can shift them sideways with nearly zero work... but that means the weights are attached to the wheel at a pivot, right? So they'll just fall back and won't provide more torque. A: They don't pivot, you fix them in place so they provide more torque. Q: Ok, but then when do you push the weights back inward? A: At the bottom. Q: When the weight is at the bottom? But then the slider isn't horizontal, so pushing the weight back towards the center is pushing it upward, which takes work. A: I meant, when the slider is at the bottom--when it's horizontal. Q: But if the sliders are fixed in place, by the time they're horizontal at the bottom, you've already lifted the weights back up some amount; they're strong-torquing the other way. A: At the bottom there's a guide ramp to lift the weights using normal force. Q: But the guide ramp is also torquing the wheel. And so on. The inventor can play hide the torque and hide the work. Shell games in alignment Some alignment schemes--schemes for structuring or training an AGI so that it can be transformatively useful and doesn't kill everyone--are prone to playing shell games. That is, there's some features of the scheme that don't seem to happen in a specific place; they happen somewhere other than where you're looking at the moment. Consider these questions: What sort of smarter-than-human work is supposed to be done by the AGI? When and how does it do that work--by what combination of parts across time? How does it become able to do that work? At what points does the AGI come to new understanding that it didn't have before? How does the AGI orchestrate it's thinking and actions to have large effects on the world? By what process, components, rules, or other elements? What determines the direction that the AGI's actions will push the world? Where did those determiners come from, and how exactly do they determine the direction? Where and how much do human operators have to make judgements? How much are those judgements being relied on to point to goodness, truth, aligned...

METADATA
METADATA | E193: Quiebras, despidos, clones digitales y viajes más seguros

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 17, 2023 95:54


NUEVO EPISODIO: Esta es la sesión 193 de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología de RPP y NIUSGEEK. En esta edición, conversamos con Manuela Bedoya, jefe de Comunicaciones para Uber en temas de seguridad, sobre las nuevas funciones que harán nuestros viajes más seguros. Hablamos de lo presentado por NTT Research en #Upgrade2023 y los "gemelos digitales bilógicos", que permiten probar tratamientos en sistemas cardiovasculares virtuales copiados de nuestro propio cuerpo. Todo esto y más en esta sesión semanal de METADAT, el podcast de tecnología del grupo RPP

Dapper Data
System Metadata Used for Tamper Proof Videos - Episode #85 w/Peter Sisson

Dapper Data

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 15, 2023 68:29


Join me as I speak with Peter Sisson, CEO and Founder of Certifyit. We discuss verified video to protect yourself from fake profiles, fake reviews, fake products, and other online scams. Deepfakes are REAL!!

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-03-12 Sermon: Angels Unawares

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 12, 2023


Third Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on Genesis 18:1-22 and Hebrews 13:1-3. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://linktr.ee/firstchurchbrooklyn). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podca....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

The Nonlinear Library
AF - Are there cognitive realms? by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen

The Nonlinear Library

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 12, 2023 16:10


Welcome to The Nonlinear Library, where we use Text-to-Speech software to convert the best writing from the Rationalist and EA communities into audio. This is: Are there cognitive realms?, published by Tsvi Benson-Tilsen on March 12, 2023 on The AI Alignment Forum. [Metadata: crossposted from. First completed November 16, 2022. This essay is more like research notes than exposition, so context may be missing, the use of terms may change across essays, and the text may be revised later; only the versions at tsvibt.blogspot.com are definitely up to date.] Are there unbounded modes of thinking that are systemically, radically distinct from each other in relevant ways? Note: since I don't know whether "cognitive realms" exist, this essay isn't based on clear examples and is especially speculative. Realms Systemically, radically distinct unbounded modes of thinking The question is, are there different kinds--writ large--of thinking? To the extent that there are, interpreting the mental content of another mind, especially one with different origins than one's own, may be more fraught than one would assume based on experience with minds that have similar origins to one's own mind. Are there unbounded modes of thinking that are systemically, radically distinct from each other? "Unbounded" means that there aren't bounds on how far the thinking can go, how much it can understand, what domains it can become effective in, what goals it can achieve if they are possible. "Systemically" ("system" = "together-standing-things") means that the question is about all the elements that participate in the thinking, as they covary / coadapt / combine / interoperate / provide context for each other. "Radical" (Wiktionary) does not mean "extreme". It comes from the same etymon as "radish" and "radix" and means "of the root" or "to the root"; compare "eradicate" = "out-root" = "pull out all the way to the root", and more distantly through PIE wréh₂ds the Germanic "wort" and "root". Here it means that the question isn't about some mental content in the foreground against a fixed background; the question asks about the background too, the whole system of thinking to its root, to its ongoing source and to what will shape it as it expands into new domains. Terms Such a mode of thinking could be called a "realm". A cognitive realm is an overarching, underlying, systemic, total, architectural thoughtform that's worth discussing separately from other thoughtforms. A realm is supposed to be objective, a single metaphorical place where multiple different minds or agents could find themselves. Other words: systemic thoughtform system of thought, system of thinking cognitive style state of mind cluster / region in mindspace mode of being species of thinking Realm vs. domain A domain is a type of task, or a type of environment. A realm, on the other hand, is a systemic type of thinking; it's about the mind, not the task. For the idea of a domain see Yudkowsky's definition of intelligence as efficient cross-domain optimization power. Compare also domain-specific programming languages, and the domain of discourse of a logical system. It might be more suitable for a mind to dwell in different realms depending on what domain it's operating in, and this may be a many-to-many mapping. Compare: The mapping from computational subsystems to cognitive talents is many-to-many, and the mapping from cognitive talents plus acquired expertise to domain competencies is also many-to-many, [...]. From "Levels of Organization in General Intelligence", Yudkowsky (2007). Domains are about the things being dealt with; it's a Cartesian concept (though it allows for abstraction and reflection, e.g. Pearlian causality is a domain and reprogramming oneself is a domain). Realms are about the thing doing the dealing-with. Realm vs. micro-realm A micro-realm is a realm except that it's not unbounded. It's similar to a cognitive faculty, and similar to a very abstract domain, but includes t...

This Week In Radio Tech (TWiRT)
TWiRT Ep. 635 - Metadata Should be Everywhere with David Layer

This Week In Radio Tech (TWiRT)

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 10, 2023 71:37


RadioDNS, DTS AutoStage, HD Multiplex, Broadcast Positioning System, and ATSC 3.0 - all topics for industry expert, David Layer. David is uniquely qualified to inform broadcasters and engineers about technology advances. He's at the intersection of manufacturers, technology, regulatory impacts, and industry advocacy. On this episode, Layer describes his experiences with DTS Autostage technology and how listeners can maintain a seamless listening experience using this tech in several new car models.

TWiRT - This Week in Radio Tech - Podcast
TWiRT 635 - Metadata Should be Everywhere with David Layer

TWiRT - This Week in Radio Tech - Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 10, 2023


RadioDNS, DTS AutoStage, HD Multiplex, Broadcast Positioning System, and ATSC 3.0 - all topics for industry expert, David Layer. David is uniquely qualified to inform broadcasters and engineers about technology advances. He’s at the intersection of manufacturers, technology, regulatory impacts, and industry advocacy. On this episode, Layer describes his experiences with DTS Autostage technology and how listeners can maintain a seamless listening experience using this tech in several new car models. Show Notes:DTS AutoStage “Next-Gen AI-Powered Infotainment Platform” from xperiBroadcaster free sign-up for DTS AutoStageATSC 3.0 - Growing interest in audio delivery - “Sinclair Eyes TV for Audio Delivery”Broadcast Positioning System (BPS) Using ATSC 3.0 Guest:David Layer - Vice President, Advanced Engineering at National Association of Broadcasters Hosts:Chris Tarr - Group Director of Engineering at Magnum.MediaKirk Harnack, The Telos Alliance, Delta Radio, Star94.3, & South Seas BroadcastingFollow TWiRT on Twitter and on FacebookTWiRT is brought to you by:Nautel presents NUG@NAB - Radio Technology Forum. Sign up here.Broadcasters General Store, with outstanding service, saving, and support. Online at BGS.cc. Broadcast Bionics - making radio smarter with Bionic Studio, visual radio, and social media tools at Bionic.radio.Angry Audio - with StudioHub cables and adapters. Audio problems disappear when you get Angry at AngryAudio.com. And MaxxKonnectWireless - Prioritized High Speed Internet Service designed for Transmitter Sites and Remote Broadcasts. Subscribe to Audio:iTunesRSSStitcherTuneInSubscribe to Video:iTunesRSSYouTube

METADATA
METADATA | E192: Los tres golpes de "muertech" que EE.UU. aplica contra China

METADATA

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 10, 2023 131:59


Llega el nuevo episodio de METADATA, el podcast de tecnología del Grupo RPP. Te explicamos las tres iniciativas del gobierno de Estados Unidos para afectar los negocios tecnológicos chinos en temas de procesadores y redes sociales. Hablamos de los rumores sobre el P60 y lo que Huawei presentará en las siguientes semanas. Además, respondemos tus dudas y preguntas en el METALIVE.

BarCode
Grit with Andres Andreu

BarCode

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 10, 2023 76:38 Transcription Available


Grit in the context of behavior is defined as “firmness of character; indomitable spirit.” Andres Andreu, a NYC bred leader, has a career built on grit and sheer perseverance with experience spanning from the D.E.A. to corporate America.Co-Host, and cybersecurity sales veteran Doug Gotay and I post up with Andres and talk about overcoming adversary as a youth, his time within the D.E.A., his mastery in the judo philosophy, and traversing his unique skillset and mentality into success in the boardroom. TIMESTAMPS0:03:46 - Reflection on Growing Up in Queens in the 1980s0:07:30 - The Judo Philosphophy: Discussion on Physical and Mental Strength Resilience for Life and Business 0:15:10 - Transitioning from NYC to the DEA 0:19:05 - Reflections on the DEA Hiring Process and Title Three Intercepts0:23:07 - Self-Taught Technology and Creative Problem Solving 0:27:49 - The Origins of Blockchain Technology 0:29:27 - Analytical thinking in Government Investigations 0:31:47 - The Impact of Intelligence Sharing on Drug Enforcement Coordination 0:33:45 - Threat Intelligence and its Role in Cybersecurity 0:36:05 - Proactive Security Strategies 0:38:34 - Understanding the Global Dynamics of Information Sharing 0:40:47 - Human Trafficking and Technology's Role in Prevention 0:43:30 - Analysis of Metadata and Its Impact on Law Enforcement Investigations  vs. Cybersecurity Investigations 0:48:52 - Personal Security During Time at the DEA 0:51:01 - The Benefits of Adapting to Different Situations 0:54:39 - The Human Element of Sales 0:56:17 - Understanding the Need for Key Man Insurance Policies 0:58:15 - Executive Kidnapping and the Need for Balance in Business and Physical Fitness 1:01:23 - Executive Protection and Cybersecurity Transitioning 1:04:26 - The need for Soft Skills and Technical Chops 1:07:46 - Finding Balance in Professional Development 1:09:06 - The Importance of Self-Growth and Seeking Help for SuccessSYMLINKSLinkedInGalleryWebsiteDRINK INSTRUCTIONpicEPISODE SPONSORN/ACONNECT WITH USBecome a SponsorSupport us on PatreonFollow us on LinkedInTweet us at @BarCodeSecurityEmail us at info@barcodesecurity.com

Inside Aesthetics
Rick O'Neill - 'The Digital Deep Dive: Websites (Chapter 3)' #202

Inside Aesthetics

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 9, 2023 80:53


Episode 202 hosts Rick O'Neill, a digital marketing expert from Brighton, UK. (Previously joining us in episodes 134, 193 and 197)  Rick has over 20 years of experience and is the founder of Look Touch Feel (LTF), an award winning digital marketing agency who specialise in supporting aesthetic practitioners & plastic surgeons. This is the third chapter of our mini-series called the 'The Deep Digital Dive' (sponsored by LTF). Over four chapters we'll better understand some of the core pillars of digital marketing to help injectors and clinics get to grips with this side of their business. Chpater 3 focusses on websites and website design. We explore: Why clinics and injectors need a website 'DIY' template-style websites vs professional custom built websites Why you need to have a branding strategy prior to creating your website What content needs to be on a website and how to tailor it for people searching on Google How websites are typically structured and how to best guide prospective patients How to keep your content relevant for how patients think Stock imagery vs doing your own bespoke photoshoot  Making sure that the booking process is simple and seamless Why you might want to consider using a chatbot on your website Why blogs are so important - but also need to be done in the right way What the 'Google Helpful Content Update' is and why websites need to be designed to cater to it Search Engine Optimisation and how to tweak it Metadata and why updating it is so important Using ChatGPT for creating content    Dr Jake & David thank their amazing IA Patrons for helping support the podcast. Become an IA Patron too & get the following benefits: Access up to four IA Patron whatsapp groups (General, Injectables, Business & Regenerative Medicine)  Access to our IA Live sessions (Business & Injectable Zoom sessions) led by our hosts Access to eight pre-recorded IA Webinars Access to IA Hints & Tips videos and content every Monday Access to our growing IA Library of clinical papers, books and resources Access to IA Secret Sessions - exclusive recorded conversations only for IA Patrons Access to IA Business Insights - live Zoom recordings of David doing business coaching with individual IA Patrons Shadowing opportunities in clinic with Dr Jake Business mentoring opportunities with David Subscribe to IA: Subscribe to IA on Apple Podcasts Subscribe to IA on Spotify   Other IA links: Follow IA on Instagram Sign up as an IA Patron Visit the IA website  Contact IA Apply to be a guest on IA   Dr Jake Sloane: Follow Dr Jake on Instagram  Dr Jake's website   David Segal: Follow David on Instagram   Our podcast guest: FoFollow Rick on Instagram Follow Rick's company Look Touch Feel

Music Is My Business Podcast
The Advantages of Music Libraries

Music Is My Business Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 7, 2023 56:34


On this episode of the music is my business podcast I hosted a live Q and A session about:  Metadata and how important that is to register a song. Can you use simple loops in your music, like a shaker or tambourine from logic? What is the longest you've waited for a particular track to be placed with your music libraries? Was it a month or a year? Do you feel when submitting music for the first time, it's better to have lyrics for your music? What are some red flags to look out for on composer agreement?  Follow Clint on IG: https://www.instagram.com/clintmusic Watch Clint on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/aclintjr Link To Resources: https://www.clintproductions.com/linkinbio Urban Mixing Made Simple: https://www.clintproductions.com/courses Road To 10 Placements: https://www.roadto10placements.com

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-02-19 Sermon: The Others - An Untold Story

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 6, 2023


Transfiguration of the Lord; Sermon based on Isaiah 53:7-8 and Acts 8:26-39. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://www.firstchurchbrooklyn.org/). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podc....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-02-22 Ash Wednesday: Invitation to the Imposition of Ashes

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 6, 2023


Ash Wednesday; Invitation based on Mark 4:1-11, Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 & 18-20, and Job 42:1-6. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://www.firstchurchbrooklyn.org/). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-02-26 Sermon: The End of the Wilderness

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 6, 2023


First Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on Isaiah 58:3-12 and Matthew 4:1-11. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://www.firstchurchbrooklyn.org/). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podcasts....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio
2023-03-05 Sermon: An Ocean of Belonging

First Church Brooklyn - Sermon Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 6, 2023


Second Sunday in Lent; Sermon based on  Genesis 12:1-4a and  John 3:1-17. Preached at The First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn (https://www.firstchurchbrooklyn.org/). Podcast subscription is available at https://cutt.ly/fpcb-sermons or on Apple Podcasts (https://itun.es/us/nxpHeb.c), Google Podca....This item belongs to: audio/first-church-brooklyn-sermons.This item has files of the following types: Archive BitTorrent, Columbia Peaks, Item Tile, Metadata, PNG, Spectrogram, VBR MP3