Country on the Atlantic coast of South America
El tráfico ilegal de animales es uno de los negocios ilícitos más grandes del mundo: mueve entre 8 y 10 billones de dólares por año. Y Uruguay no escapa. De hecho, la demanda por especies exóticas o raras está creciendo a nivel local. El dato surge del recientemente publicado informe “Caracterización del mercado ilegal de fauna en Uruguay”, financiado por el Ministerio del Interior y la Agencia Nacional de Investigación. La gran mayoría de los animales traficados ilegalmente son aves, pero también aparecen mamíferos, reptiles y arácnidos. ¿Qué problemas puede traer para el ambiente este trasiego de animales? ¿Por qué hay un interés creciente por ellos? ¿La gente quiere cada vez más mascotas raras o diferentes? En La Mesa Verde profundizamos en este tema, con Lucía Bergós, bióloga, investigadora, una de las autoras del informe “Caracterización del mercado ilegal de fauna en Uruguay”; Magdalena Chouhy, antropóloga, también coautora del mismo informe; Jorge Cravino, médico veterinario, director de la oficina de Fauna del Estado de 1992 a 2021; Andrés de Muro, integrante de la ONG Coendú (Conservación de Especies Nativas del Uruguay).
Dupont. France. Uruguay. Italy. Namibia. And rugby rugby RUGBY. Please enjoy some nice words from two tired folk freshly arrived in Lyon. Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Are you looking to expand your international graduate student recruitment efforts in South America? Listen in as The NAGAP Report co-host Marcus Hanscom has a conversation with Ana Villavicencio and Rita Moriconi, both Regional Educational Advising Coordinators (REACs) for Education USA in South America. The conversation covers South American student mobility, study abroad motivations, financial concerns, and more.Ana Villavicencio covers the Andean region of South America (Western and Northern South America) and can be reached at email@example.com. Rita Moriconi covers the Southern Cone (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay) and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. This episode of The NAGAP Report was hosted, produced, and edited by Marcus Hanscom.Learn more about NAGAP, the Association for Graduate Enrollment Management, at www.nagap.org.
#NYC: The Venezuelans are in the vast majority in the shelters. Harry Siegel, TheCity.nyc https://www.thecity.nyc/immigration/2023/9/21/23884817/venezuelan-migrants-tps-wait-work-permits 1936 URUGUAY
Esa lista de canciones que complementan el paisaje en el automóvil, el bus, el camión, el tren o la motoneta. Música rutera, esa que debe sonar en tu carretera, ruta o caminos siempre en la radio del carro. ECDQEMSD podcast episodio 5615 Música Para La Carretera Conducen: El Pirata y El Sr. Lagartija https://canaltrans.com Historias Desintegradas: Subimos el volumen del sonido del auto - Vamos por la carretera - Canciones infaltables - Rutas oscuras - Amanecer, sol arriba, atardecer y noche - Para llegar a una ciudad de Noche - Entre el country y el folk - De Nashville a Ecatepec - Diversión y viaje - Autos tuneados - Suspensión bailable - El Tosh - En los ríos de Córdoba Argentina - Entre mate y fernet - Podemos llevarlo a casa - El esqueleto - Eso al auto no entra - Entre paredes - Un inquilino secreto - Amo a todos los animalitos - Los Rinocerontes - Maestros del Uruguay. https://www.canaltrans.com/ecdqemsd_podcast_2023/5615_musica_para_la_carretera.html En Caso De Que El Mundo Se Desintegre Podcast no tiene publicidad, sponsors ni organizaciones que aporten para mantenerlo al aire. Solo el sistema cooperativo de los que aportan a través de las suscripciones hacen posible que todo esto siga siendo una realidad. Gracias Dragones Dorados: https://www.canaltrans.com/radio/suscripciones.html
Still hanging out in the southern hemisphere, we travel to Uruguay to explore the history, wines, grapes & other fun nuggets. Resources from this episode: Books: The South America Wine Guide: A definitive guide to wine in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia, & Peru, [Kindle Edition] Barns, A. (2021) Wine Grapes: A Complete Guide to 1,368 Vine Varieties, Including Their Origins and Flavours [Kindle Edition], Robinson, J., Harding, J., Vouillamoz, J. (2013) Wines of South America: The Essential Guide, Goldstein, E. (2014) Websites: History: This Day in History - July 13 1930, First World Cup (updated 19 July 2019) https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-world-cup Instituto Nacional de Vitvinicultura (INAVI): Estadísticas de Viñedos 2022 Datos Nacionales https://www.inavi.com.uy/uploads/vinedo/e114169ff8dd5bd2a83547b5a8c60636eb4aebcc.pdf Instituto Nacional de Vitvinicultura (INAVI): Estadística del Elaboración Anual https://www.inavi.com.uy/generar-reporte/estadistica-de-elaboracion-anual/ South America Wine Guide: A Guide to Uruguay's Wine Regions, Barnes, A. (20 November 2021) https://southamericawineguide.com/uruguay-wine-regions-guide/ Word Atlas: The Smallest Countries in South America (2018) https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/south-american-countries-by-area.html Uruguay Wine: https://uruguay.wine/en/ Glass in Session® Episodes Related to this Session: S7E6: Irouléguy and French Basque Wine Banter https://glassinsession.libsyn.com/s7e6-iroulguy-and-french-basque-wine-banter Glass in Session® swag mentioned in this show: https://www.teepublic.com/user/glass-in-session Glass in Session® is a registered trademark of Vino With Val, LLC. Music: “Write Your Story” by Joystock (Jamendo.com cc_Standard License, Jamendo S.A.)
En su discurso ante la Asamblea General de la ONU, el presidente Luis Lacalle Pou llamó a seguir una “libertad responsable internacional” y propuso que los organismos multilaterales no recurran solo a sanciones sino también a estímulos, de modo que los países que hacen las cosas bien tengan un mejor acceso a oportunidades. La intervención de Lacalle Pou, según lo establecido por la organización, se extendió por unos diez minutos. Promediando su ponencia, el presidente destacó la situación económica del país. Se refirió a la creación de empleo, la baja en el desempleo, una “inversión pública histórica en infraestructura” y la llegada de inversión extranjera directa. Dijo que gran parte de esos réditos han sido reinvertidos, lo que marca en su visión una “confianza importante” en el país. Subrayó también que “las finanzas públicas están ordenadas, la inflación es la más baja de los últimos 18 años, hemos podido -dijo- bajar impuestos y, al mismo tiempo, hemos hecho reformas que hace larga data se llamaban urgentes, como la reforma educativa y la reforma de la seguridad social”. Luego recordó el concepto de “libertad responsable”, que su gobierno utilizó durante la pasada pandemia de covid 19 e invitó a extenderlo a nivel internacional. “Los uruguayos practican una muy preciada libertad responsable. Hoy recordaba lo dije aquí en 2021. Decía que la pandemia había terminado por cuajar de que todos somos uno. Por esta razón, me quiero referir a la libertad responsable internacional. Está claro que nuestro bienestar como países independientes está indisolublemente vinculado al bien común. Esto hay que saberlo, hay que aceptarlo y, por supuesto, actuar en consecuencia”. En ese momento Lacalle Pou ingresó en las discusiones de tipo ambiental que pautan este año el trabajo de la Asamblea General de la ONU. En primer lugar celebró pertenecer “a un país que se ha dado a sí mismo la denominación de Uruguay Natural”, con “energías renovables que superan el 98%, importante reforestación y procesos productivos sostenibles”. En este punto subrayó que nuestro país emitió recientemente un bono de deuda sostenible que se basa, dijo, “en premios y castigos” según se cumplan los parámetros establecidos en el Acuerdo de París sobre cambio climático. A partir de ese ejemplo, resaltó la importancia de no aplicar solo sanciones, sino, sobre todo, estímulos. Allí sugirió: “estamos convencidos de que este mismo sistema de premios y castigos debería aplicarse en los préstamos internacionales, en el acceso a mercado, en las cuotas, en los aranceles”, sugirió el mandatario. Para ejemplificar el motivo de su iniciativa, Lacalle Pou se refirió al “pecado de hacer las cosas bien”. “Nuestro país ha logrado un desarrollo humano y económico importante y gracias a la obtención de esos estandartes muchas veces quedamos afuera del acceso de determinada cooperación, de determinado sistema de preferencias, de determinados instrumentos de relacionamiento comercial internacional muy importantes”. En ese sentido, consideró que hay mecanismos que deben ser “rediseñados” ya que “no estimulan a que los países crezcan”. Lacalle Pou aclaró que Uruguay «acá no viene a mendigar ni a hacer reclamos exagerados”. Simplemente, dijo, apelando a la libertad responsable internacional, “queremos que se actúe con justicia”. “Si hacemos las cosas bien, que se actúe en consecuencia, y eso significa nada más ni nada menos que mejorar el acceso a oportunidades”, apeló. ¿Cómo vieron ese discurso? ¿Qué impresión les dejó la presentación del presidente de la República en este foro internacional? La Mesa de los Jueves con Mariella Demarco, Patricia González, Esteban Valenti y Alberto Volonté.
Inter e Napoli tornano dalla penisola iberica con uno e tre punti, aiutati anche dalla fortuna, soprattutto i partenopei che trovano la vittoria con un autogol del Braga. I tifosi interisti ringraziano il Toro Martinez per il pari con la Real Sociedad e, da ieri sera, forse guardano Onana senza troppi rimpianti dopo l'errore che è costato la sconfitta allo United contro il Bayern. Tutti temi per i nostri convocati Fabrizio Biasin, Raffaele Auriemma e Nando Orsi. Seconda vittoria di fila per l'Italia nel Mondiale di Rugby: questa volta gli Azzurri si impongono per 38-17 sull'Uruguay. Ne parliamo con Giacomo Bagnasco e con Coach Marco Bortolami.
What makes Sour Rot so challenging for wine grape growers is that it is a disease complex. Hans C. Walter-Peterson, Viticulture Extension Specialist, Finger Lakes Grape Program, Cornell Cooperative Extension explains that Sour Rot comes in late season after ripening. Yeasts get into the berries and ferment the sugar out in the vineyard. Bacteria follow up, feasting on the alcohol, converting it into acetic acid – an unwelcome component in winemaking. And, the disease is spread rapidly by fruit flies. In this interview Hans shares methods to reduce Sour Rot disease pressure by managing increasingly resistant fruit fly populations, leafing to encourage fewer berries at fruit set, the correct way to drop fruit, and timing antimicrobial and insecticide sprays to Brix to maximize effectiveness. Cornell Cooperative Extension is trialing non-chemical control practices including UV light for sterilization and hormonal sprays plus a disease model is under development with Penn State University. Resources: 17: New Discoveries about Sour Rot – Megan Hall (Podcast) 117: Grapevine Mildew Control with UV Light - David Gadoury (Podcast) 159: Under-Vine Vegetation to Control Vine Vigor – Justine Vanden Heuvel (Podcast) Alice Wise, Cornell Cooperative Extension Control of Sour Rot via Chemical and Canopy Management Techniques Hans Walter-Peterson, Cornell Cooperative Extension Hans Walter-Peterson ResearchGate Influence of timing and intensity of fruit zone leaf removal and kaolin applications on bunch rot control and quality improvement of Sauvignon blanc grapes, and wines, in a temperate humid climate Insecticide Resistance in Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is Associated with Field Control Failure of Sour Rot Disease in a New York Vineyard Managing Fruit Flies for Sour Rot Summer Bunch Rot (Sour Rot) Pest Management UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines Wendy McFadden-Smith, PhD., Ontario References: Vineyard Team Programs: Juan Nevarez Memorial Scholarship - Donate SIP Certified – Show your care for the people and planet Sustainable Ag Expo – The premiere winegrowing event of the year - $50 OFF with code PODCAST23 Sustainable Winegrowing On-Demand (Western SARE) – Learn at your own pace Vineyard Team – Become a Member Get More Subscribe wherever you listen so you never miss an episode on the latest science and research with the Sustainable Winegrowing Podcast. Since 1994, Vineyard Team has been your resource for workshops and field demonstrations, research, and events dedicated to the stewardship of our natural resources. Learn more at www.vineyardteam.org. Transcript Craig Macmillan 0:00 Here with us today is Hans Walter-Peterson. He is a viticulture extension specialists with the Finger Lakes Grape Program, part of Cornell Cooperative Extension. Thanks for being our guest today. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 0:12 Thanks for having me. Glad to be here. Craig Macmillan 0:14 You've been doing a lot of work on a situation I'll call it called Sour Rot on grapes. And that's what we're gonna talk about today. Let's start with some basic definitions. What exactly is Sour Rot? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 0:24 So sour rot is pretty much what it sounds like. It's one of the late season rots that can afflict grapes comes in after ripening starts so much like Botrytis, bunch rot some of these other types of rots that that growers might be familiar with. So it's another version of that, but it comes along with the bonus of acetic acid, every rot kind of brings its own different compounds to the party. Sour rot brings one that really is not terribly welcome in winemaking, you know, essentially the the main component of vinegar. It's a particularly rough type of rot. We really are getting some more challenging years with it past several years. So my program has really started to focus in on what we can do to try to keep it under control. Craig Macmillan 1:09 You know, I understand that part of the issue here. Is that sour rot is a disease complex. There's multiple actors involved in all of this. Can you tell us what some of those pieces are of that complex and how they interact to create sour rot? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 1:23 Yeah, it's probably the thing that makes sour rot a more difficult thing to manage than kind of the standard diseases, the regular diseases that most growers are used to dealing with like powdery mildew, downy mildew, because those are created those are developed by one type of microbe. So if you find the one thing that can control that one microbe, you've got a control measure. With sour rot it's a like you said it's a complex of multiple organisms that bring it about. So basically, there are yeasts, the yeasts get into the berries and take the sugar that's being developed in there, and they do exactly what we use yest for in winemaking takes the sugar and turns it into alcohol. So we'd get a fermentation starting within the berries out in the vineyard. The second part of it that happens then is that there are bacteria that follow up and also arrive in there most notably Acetobacter, but also some other things like Gluconobacter and Henseniaspora. This is some great work that was done by Wendy McFadden-Smith in Ontario a number of years ago. So they all kind of come in and feast on that alcohol and convert that alcohol into acetic acid. So thereby there's the sour of sour rot. The piece that comes after that, then is not just the sour rot. But then the thing that probably is really characteristic of it also, as with some of these other rots, but it spreads really quickly in a vineyard if the conditions are right. And that's mainly done by fruit flies. And it's not just the one that we've been hearing a lot about lately, the Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii but it's also just your plain old Drosophila melanogaster, the ones you used in your your high school genetics classes, or college genetic classes and see on your fruit around the sink and stuff like that. Those fruit flies, for the most part, mostly fruit flies are a couple of other suspects in the mix, too. But they're the ones that spread it from berry to berry and cluster to cluster and block the block. Craig Macmillan 3:13 Are they spreading the yeast, the bacteria are both. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 3:16 All of the above. Craig Macmillan 3:17 Okay, so that's it, Hans C. Walter-Peterson 3:18 They're gonna freeride. So that's, that's the difficulty with it. If it was just, you know, like I was saying earlier, if it's something like black rot, or botrytis, where it's just one single causal organism, that's one story. And that's hard enough to control when you've got multiple types of organisms that aren't even directly related. I mean, yeast and bacteria are very different types of organisms, for example, we don't have a spray or a single thing that control that. And so that's the real difficulty with managing it year in and year out. Craig Macmillan 3:48 So this just made me think of something. One way of thinking about disease complexes is if I can remove one of the elements, or two of the elements I can at least reduce if not prevent or treat the disease is that the case with sour rot if I had no bacteria, if I didn't have a yeast or something like that, can I get rid of one of them and and help with this? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 4:09 Yeah, that's that's a really good point. As I said earlier, you need the two micro organisms to cause the sour of the sour at the acetic acid development, but then you need a vector to move them through the vineyard. And that's the fruit flies. So if you can control the fruit flies, you have less chance for those microorganisms to move through the vineyard. If you create a less hospitable host for the microbes, there's less of them to be moved around by the fruit flies. So the management strategies that we're looking at are trying to come at it from both directions. Some of the original work that was done on this recently here at Cornell by a grad student, Dr. Megan Hall, who I believe you had on the show a while back. Craig Macmillan 4:50 I had in the show, and I know her yes. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 4:53 In Megan's original work here at Cornell. She basically found that it was somewhat more effective to control the fruit flies than to control the microbes that just the microbes by themselves could cause a certain amount of rot. But then if you're controlling the fruit flies, it just you don't get that explosive growth. Craig Macmillan 5:10 The fruit flies in the gasoline. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 5:12 Right. Exactly. Yeah. The microbes are the fuel. Yes. So that was the impetus of kind of saying, Okay, if you had a control just one thing, it's the fruit flies, because that's really where the explosive nature of the disease comes along. And it's a little bit easier to control a bug than it is microbes that are hiding inside the skins of berries and things like that. Craig Macmillan 5:31 Where do the microbes come from? are they hanging out under the bark of the vine? Are they inside of shoots? Are they out in the environment and get blown on? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 5:43 They're pretty ubiquitous in the environment, talk about a lot about Native fermentations and yeast coming in from the vineyard. So there's so they're there. And the bacteria are as well, I don't know, it's some of the exact overwintering mechanisms. And if we know all about that, somebody probably does, I just don't, but it's my understanding is they're they're pretty native in our neck of the woods. They just, they're they're pretty much all the time. Craig Macmillan 6:05 Are there environmental conditions that are particularly conducive to promoting Sour Rot. And then also are there environmental conditions that will prevent it or retard it? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 6:16 So the big thing that gets sour rot going is for some way for the microbes to get into the berries in the first place. Predominantly in grapes, we think about that as either being insects, birds, or water. Here in the east, obviously, we get rain throughout the growing season, including during the harvest season, we have high humidity days, plenty of times. And so those are the kinds of conditions where we see greater incidence of sour rot develop. When the vines take up water, or the berries take up water either through rainfall or just the atmosphere, and then the berries swell up, they can't handle all the water they have and they split or you have a very tight clustered variety, that just the berries start getting forced apart, and they just break by force. So those entry wounds however they're caused, is how it gets started. So we know here in New York that if we have a dry fall days, with not many days with dew points above 70, and all those kinds of things, we don't see very much sour rot develop, we might see a little Botrytis here and there. But for the most part, we don't see it. And a lot of that is because we just don't have the humidity to kind of build up the water in the berry to cause it split the years where we have it bad. On the contrary, that's that's when we see more water, more rainfall, more high humidity days, that's when we see more splitting and therefore more sour rot. Much like most other diseases, the warmer it gets, the faster it can progress. And the same thing with insects, the fruit flies at a at a lower temperature. It takes them longer for a next generation to develop. And so the warmer it gets, they get faster too. So yeah, so warm and wet. Craig Macmillan 7:55 So cool and dry would be the opposite would be the desirable. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 7:59 So that would be best. Craig Macmillan 8:01 That actually that just reminded me of something. My experience has all been on the Central Coast California. This only happened once. And that was with some Pinot Noir that came in that had quite a lot of Botrytis damage. And the winemaker had us go through and sort then not simply sort out Botrytis and throw it away, but by hand sorted and then smell it for sour is something like Botrytis or a scar from powdery mildew or something like that. Is that Is that also a possible entry for the organisms? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 8:33 Yes, very often we see Botrytis and sow rot in the same cluster. Because it's the same thing. Botrytis is a very weak pathogen, it needs a place to kind of get established like a wound. And so same thing with sour rot. We do know that, like you're just saying powdery mildew scars can create micro fissures in the skin. And later on in the season, those can start to tear apart even if you can't see them, especially around the pedicel near the stem where the stem connects to the berry. They're going to be micro fissures that those micro organisms can take advantage of as well. So those conditions are pretty similar for for other kinds of rots as well. Craig Macmillan 9:11 Are there cultural practices or preventative or prophylactic practices that growers can use that might help manage this? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 9:17 Yes, probably the biggest one that we know of and we're trying to get a little bit better handle on as far as how to use it for this purpose. So we know that if you pull leaves before bloom are right at the very beginning of bloom, you will reduce berry set you basically kind of starve the the clusters, the flowering clusters of carbohydrates and other nutrients and so they don't set as many berries. You have a looser cluster. Those clusters don't swell up they don't like I was talking before kind of force berries off, they dry out faster. All the good things we like about looser clusters pulling leaves at that very early, just pre bloom or very early bloom stage can reduce berries set pretty consistently year in and year out. out and help to reduce that cluster compactness aspect of rot development. Craig Macmillan 10:05 I think it's the first time I've ever heard of a intentional shatter. Usually we're all we're all praying that we don't have what you're describing. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 10:14 Yeah. Well, I mean, you think about table grape growers do this fairly often, they try to make more room on the cluster so that they can have larger berries, which consumers want. And so we're not worried about it. obviously, for consumer sentiment, we're worried about that for disease pressure, there's definitely a cost to it. You're reducing your yield as a grower from the standpoint of just how many grapes you're going to carry. But you also might be saving more yield later on in the year and not having to drop fruit before you send it off to the winery Craig Macmillan 10:40 In your area. You've got wine grapes, obviously, but also there's a lot of Concord production there. And is it mostly for juice is that right? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 10:48 Mostly for juice, yep. Craig Macmillan 10:49 I'm assuming this problem applies there as well. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 10:52 Concords really don't get sour rot very much, partly because their clusters more open, they don't set a tight cluster. If you think like a Pinot Noir cluster, or Chardonnay, or Riesling, they're much more loose like that. They also have much thicker skins, so they tend not to split quite as easily, they can still split, but we tend not to see sour rot develop on them. And I, I'm not totally sure why that is. But part of it from at least on a production level, a lot of our Concord gets picked before it gets much more than 16, 17 Brix. We know with sour with sour rot, we don't see symptoms start to develop until you get to 13 or 14. And I think that's partly a result of just how much sugar is in the berry, but also the relation of sugar and acid because microbes can't tolerate a certain acidic level of environment also. And so this is kind of an educated speculation right now. But I think that's part of the reason we don't see it in something like Concord and Niagara and some of these these juice varieties is that we pick it at a relatively low Brix, as opposed to wine varieties where we're picking 20 Plus. Craig Macmillan 11:57 Right, right, exactly, exactly. Continuing on the cultural thing. I one thing that growers do for both try to fend for grape powdery mildew. They may go through and they may drop infected crop when they first see it. This sounds like this gets spread around, can you crop drop with this and control the spread? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 12:17 The challenge with this is if and I've seen this happen in a couple of places. If you drop crop that's starting to rot and just leave it on the ground near the vines. What does it do when it's on the ground? It continues to rot. Right? It doesn't it doesn't stop and the fruit flies can easily go from the ground back up to the canopy and back down to the ground back up to the canopy. Craig Macmillan 12:35 Find another Fissure or whatever. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 12:37 Right, exactly. So another part of the challenge that is ideally you're not just dropping the crop and leaving it there in the vineyard, you got to kind of take it out so that it's not around that healthy fruit. Because otherwise those microbes will be back. You know, they get blown around on wind again or carried by fruit flies. And they'll find another fissure to get into. Craig Macmillan 12:57 Can you cultivate it? Can you can you tell it under? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 13:00 You probably could. Yeah, we don't do that much tillage in our in our vineyard rows just because we have all the rain we maintain cover crops between the vineyards all year round. Otherwise we'd slide all over the place. Craig Macmillan 13:11 Yeah, no, absolutely. Of course. Yeah. I've talked to Justine Vanden Heuvel about undervine cover cropping and things and I was like, This is crazy. Going to California perspective. That's nuts. And she was like, Craig, you have no idea how much water is in the ground. It would be a mess if we didn't which is which is really interesting. So okay, so that's not gonna work. Do we have anything in the chemical realm for prophylactic sprays? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 13:33 Prophylactics per se not so much what we've been looking at lately, a colleague of mine out on Long Island Alice Wise for about three or four years now we've been looking at a couple of materials that are designed to enhance the cuticle thickness around the berries basically as a way to try to see if we can prevent cracking. One of them was originally developed to reduce cracking and cherries. Craig Macmillan 13:54 What materials are we talking about? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 13:56 So the material we've been working with is a combination of materials, some waxes and carbohydrates and some other things that kind of just bind to that cuticle around the berry and just thicken it up. Literally from everything I've seen, it works in cherries to prevent this cracking. We've been looking at two versions of these, this material they both developed at Oregon State actually one produces a thinner cuticle and other one produces a much thicker one. And we've tested them both. And we haven't seen any difference in sour rot from using these materials. Now we've had kind of some kind of weird years when we've been testing this, we've had a couple of years where we had a lot of sour rot and a couple of years where we had almost none. So it it hasn't been the best time to be testing this. But in the two years that we've had sour rot, it didn't seem to do very much in the way of reducing it to the point that you could justify spending, you know the time and effort to do it. The only other kind of sprays that we're looking at at this point are things like hydrogen peroxide and proxy acetic acid, then there's some there's some commercial products that are out there that contain one or both of those ingredients. And those are basically just antimicrobials I mean, they they burn whatever they touch. You know, same thing like when you get a cut on your arm, you put hydrogen peroxide on there it disinfects. So that's basically what we're doing for the microbes. And it works pretty well. The key always is coverage, because it has to hit it. As soon as that material hits, hits that grape hits a microbe, whatever, it starts to convert to water, basically those those materials, if you don't have good coverage, if you can't get the material to where the microbes are hanging out, it's not going to be terribly effective. And so that's the that's always the challenge with those kinds of things. But they they do work to the extent that they can reach. Craig Macmillan 15:36 To some extent, yeah, and again, this is going to be another issue with cluster architecture. Obviously, this is terrifying. As I'm sure everybody in the state of New York and elsewhere, certainly not limited to New York, New York, as far as I know. Okay, now I've got it. It's getting started. Maybe I caught it early, maybe I didn't know what what can I do? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 15:59 The standard treatment that we have at this point is that either when you get to that 13, 14 Brix number or you start to see it show up, and most growers will wait until they see it show up. The standard practice is basically to start this combination of an antimicrobial and an insecticide to kind of keep it under control and try to keep it from getting to that explosive stage. The challenge with that is that fruit flies under the right conditions. And if it's above 70 degrees or so they're generation time is every six to seven days. Craig Macmillan 16:33 Oh, wow. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 16:33 New generation of these things at their at their utmost or at their best. Essentially, we need to be spraying every seven, eight days to try to keep this under wraps. What we've found, and this is more good news, what we found is that we are identifying a lot of populations of fruit flies here in New York, not just in the Finger Lakes, but in some other areas that we've been testing to where their fruit flies have quickly developed resistance. Craig Macmillan 16:59 That's how they do it, isn't it. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 17:00 And so what we've seen is that basically the fruit flies have developed resistance to a couple of these materials. We've tested them on a couple of different pyrethroids, a couple of organophosphates, a couple of other materials and found pretty high levels of resistance in the lab, at least, when we've tested them. It has pointed out to us very quickly that this is not a problem that that chemistry alone can solve. All right, there we go. Okay, that's kind of leading us in the direction of maybe not necessarily replacing chemicals completely. It'd be nice if we could, but at least supplementing some of these other cultural and non chemical practices like the leaf pulling, I was mentioning earlier to try to reduce the need for those sprays, if, again, if not eliminate it all together. Craig Macmillan 17:42 And so what kind of research projects do you have going right now on this topic? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 17:44 We've got a few that we're that we're kind of looking at, again, kind of tackle this from a couple different directions, we're doing some a little bit more work on that leaf pulling aspect, we've done some work, my colleagues and some other people in around the country have looked at mechanical leaf removal at that pre bloom stage and found that it works pretty well as well. There are certainly hormonal sprays that can be used. We mentioned with like with table grapes, tuberculinic acid can be used to to kind of stretch the racus and give the berries more room basically. So it kind of reducing that cluster compactness. And one of the things that I'm particularly kind of interested in and excited about is the potential for UV light to play a role in this. Craig Macmillan 18:25 I am curious about this UV light thing, I'm hearing more about it and I'm getting kind of excited. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 18:31 UV light is basically just another sterilant that we use. So almost all of our wastewater treatment plants have UV light to sterilize the waters that's coming through the plant. So it does the same job that these hydrogen peroxide peroxy acetic acid materials do, but we don't have to worry as much about coverage. If we apply it right. One of the pathologists here, Dave Gadoury, has done a lot of work on using UV light to control different plant diseases in grapes, normally powdery mildew, which is very effective against, but one of the things that they found kind of along the way is that they were also reducing sour rot in this test plot that they were working in. And so if again, if you kind of think about it, you're if you use the right dosage and the right retention time and da, da, da, you're basically have an antibiotic material, but it's not a chemical. It's a physical one, I'm very interested in looking at the potential for UV light to not only control powdery mildew, which would be a lovely thing, which is, but also can we use it to minimize the sour rot incidents and those microbes that are causing it, as well. So we've got a small trial is kind of a proof of concept thing we've done last year, and now this year, if it works as well as it did last year, we're going to kind of try to expand that work a little bit further and try to see how do we incorporate that into a potential grower practice, you know, how, how often do you need to do it? What's the what's the light intensity? Do you have to do it a day or at night, which is one of the considerations you have to have. So There's a bunch of things that we still need to look at, to turn it to make it something that growers can be really rely on as a potential possible part of this solution. That UV thing is really kind of exciting to me. We also are a little further down the road, we're really trying to work on with some folks at Penn State and a couple of other places on developing a model based on climatic conditions that promote sow rot. So it just kind of can we predict when it's going to be coming, if we know that we're going to have five days of 80% humidity or whatever, there was actually just a really interesting study that's come out of Uruguay that I just heard about a couple of weeks ago at the GiESCO conference that was held here in Ithica, where they saw an impact on bunch rots, they were looking specifically at Botrytis, by having undervine cover crops, where they had those underground cover crops, they saw less Botrytis and less bunch rot than they did where they had like a weed free herbicide strip. So that's something I'd like to follow up on as well, I'd be curious about and then kind of the I won't even say sci fi because this stuff seems to come along so quickly. Now. We work with a couple of really wonderful pathologists and engineers here at Cornell, I was talking to a couple of them about this last year. And they said, I bet it'd be pretty easy to develop a sensor that we could stick out in the vineyard that could detect acetic acid far earlier than any nose could and just be like, Okay, here's your early warning. You know, it's kind of an early warning sensor, it's starting to develop, let's go find it and and try it, see if we can prophylactically take care of it early on. So there's just some some things that we're starting to bandy about as far as kind of further down the road. But I do think kind of the immediate thing that I would really like to are trying to put together is can we take the practices like UV light, loosening cluster architecture, changing cluster architecture in order to reduce that environment that's promoting sour rot? And then also try what can we do on the chemical end to reduce the need for those sprays? Craig Macmillan 21:50 Right, right. So there's some stuff coming down the pike here, that's really good. That's really, really great. And thank you and everybody else who's working on this. How big of an economic impact is this for folks? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 22:00 It can be one of the most significant economic diseases in grapes. In 2018, we had a particularly bad year here. And I know some growers who had to drop almost half their crop of Riesling on the ground before the harvesters came through. And so if you think about a three to four ton average crop, that's a few $1,000 an acre that you're losing. So I mean, no diseases are good. But I mean, that's a pretty profound one. And again, as I was saying earlier, the thing that's so hard about it is that you've already put almost all of your work and money into that crop all the way from pruning to spraying and all the handwork and everything. And then in a bad week, to all of a sudden, just as somebody called it go to snark my favorite descriptions of sour rot seems like the perfect word for it. It's just it's a really kind of a, obviously financially, but kind of almost as much emotionally devastating feeling. Craig Macmillan 22:57 If there's one thing, message piece of advice. One thing that you would tell growers on this topic, what would it be? Hans C. Walter-Peterson 23:05 I'd say probably the biggest and easiest thing you could do right now, to reduce sour rot is that early leaf pulling, we just know that cluster architecture, it makes a big difference in how much rot develops, you might still get some, but it won't be nearly as profound and prolific as it would be otherwise, we have just as a very quick example of it, we have a hybrid variety here called Vignoles we use in all of our sour rot studies, because if you just say the words and it gets sour Rot. Some work that's been done by some colleagues of mine, and some folks at USDA, they basically come up with, they've created two loose clustered clones of Vignoles and so those clusters, obviously, are much less compact than the kind of the standard one. And the amount of disease that is in those clusters is drastically lower than what's in kind of the standard, the standard clone of Vignoles. It's one of those things that just kind of is really illustrative when you see it and just kind of realize that, you know, again, you can still find a few berries here and there that'll have it but you just won't see this entire two panel stretch that's just kind of wiped out by it or whatever doing that that leaf pulling to kind of open up the clusters, I think is probably the right now the biggest thing you can do. Craig Macmillan 24:19 Interesting. Well then we're running out of time. I want to thank our guest, Hans Walter-Peterson viticulture extension specialist at the Finger Lakes grape program, part of Cornell Cooperative Extension. fascinating conversation, keep up the good work. I think a lot of people are depending upon you. Hans C. Walter-Peterson 24:38 We're doing what we can see. It's becoming a bigger and bigger problem with climate change around here. We know we've seen it increasing in recent years. So yeah, it's it's one we'd really like to get our hands around better. Nearly Perfect Transcription by https://otter.ai
Comenzaremos la primera parte del programa hablando de la cumbre del G77 que tuvo lugar en Cuba y a la que asistieron Argentina, Brasil, Colombia y Venezuela, entre otros países; y de la primera sentencia relacionada a la insurrección de enero en Brasilia. Hablaremos también de un estudio sobre los posibles beneficios de consumir insectos; y para finalizar, del fallecimiento del artista colombiano Fernando Botero. Para nuestra sección Trending in Latin America les tenemos dos conversaciones muy interesantes. Hablaremos de la historia inspiradora de José Hernández y la película biográfica disponible en Amazon Prime. Cerraremos la emisión hablando de la estrategia de Uruguay para mejorar la salud mental de sus habitantes. - Cuba acoge la cumbre del Grupo de los 77 - Primera sentencia en Brasil por la insurrección de enero - Nuevos posibles beneficios del consumo de insectos - Fallece Fernando Botero, el gran artista colombiano - De trabajador migrante a astronauta, la historia de José Hernández llega a Amazon Prime - La estrategia de Uruguay para mejorar la salud mental de sus habitantes
It was all going horribly wrong for Italy as they trailed Uruguay by 10 points at the break in their Rugby World Cup pool match this morning but a halftime reckoning got them back on track before they powered to a 38-17 victory. The All Blacks play Italy next Saturday before rounding out pool play against Uruguay a week later. Meanwhile, former All Blacks prop Charlie Faumuina looks set to play his first World Cup match for Samoa after being named on the bench for Saturday's clash with Argentina.
durée : 00:59:59 - Les Nuits de France Culture - par : Philippe Garbit - En 2002 "Concordance des temps" propose une thématique sur les premières coupes du monde de football. Nous remontons dans le temps avec l'historien Georges Vigarello et des archives qui permettent des comparaisons avec notre époque, la toute première coupe ayant eu lieu en Uruguay en 1930. - invités : Georges Vigarello Historien, philosophe, directeur d'études à l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales
If you could introduce your kids to one amazing Latino dish from Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, or Venezuela, which would it be and why? Get ready for part 2 of this epic culinary adventure as we explore from the traditions of Mexico to the delights of Puerto Rico. Listen as Latina moms share their personal stories and favorite platos they'd like to pass down. Hope you don't get too hungry as you immerse yourself in Latin American cuisine and get inspired to celebrate of Hispanic Heritage Month replete de delicias. Yo, a bilingual parenting educator, author, and multilingual parenting mom Janny Perez te invito as we take a closer look. Asi que no te lo pierdas. Episode Sponsor: The Language Grove Get 10% OFF your first 6 months when you mention The Latina Mom Legacy www.thelanguagegrove.com SHOW NOTES & RESOURCES EPISODE SHOW NOTES ON WEBSITE Empower Yourself & Your Kids: HOW TO RAISE A BILINGUAL SPANISH CHILD ONLINE COURSE Apps, Classes, & Resources: Mondly Languages GET 95% OFF a Lifetime Access Plan mondly.com/offer/milegasi Hey Spanish. Use code MILEGASI at checkout for a free class. Preply Get 50% Off your 1st class. Shop: Get 25% Off your first Mi Legasi Shop purchase with code: POD25 Let's Connect: Janny: Janny on Instagram: https://instagram.com/milegasi The Latina Mom Legacy on Instagram https://instagram.com/thelatinamomlegacy Facebook: https://facebook.com/milegasi Pinterest: https://pinterest.com/milegasi TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@mi_legasi Threads: @milegasi Chisme: Join La Lista our Newsletter at Milegasi.com and always be in the know. Hey! Send me a DM on IG and tell me what you think about the show or use #thelatinamomlegacy so I know you're a mamamiga :) XOXO Janny --- Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/thelatinamomlegacy/support
El Poder Ejecutivo aprobó un seguro de paro parcial destinado a los trabajadores del sector hotelero en todo el país. La medida estará vigente por los próximos tres meses. Los ministros de Turismo, Tabaré Viera y de Trabajo, Pablo Mieres, explicaron las características de esta medida, que ya está en vigencia. Conversamos En Perspectiva con Francisco Rodríguez, presidente de la Asociación de Hoteles y Restaurantes del Uruguay.
La presidenta de la Junta de Transparencia y Ética Pública (Jutep), Gabriela Di Longo, dijo que si el senador del Partido Nacional Juan Sartori no presenta la declaración jurada de bienes de su esposa en los próximos 15 días hábiles se expone a una retención de la mitad de su salario y a la imposibilidad de ejercer cargos públicos en el próximo período de gobierno. Di Longo habló ayer en rueda de prensa luego de que la Suprema Corte de Justicia declarara que es constitucional el pedido que la Jutep le había hecho a Sartori que entregara la declaración jurada de su esposa, Yekaterina Rybolóvleva. La jerarca defendió la normativa vigente. "Creo que él no llega a comprender el fin último que tiene esta legislación", respondió Di Longo sobre la actitud del senador Sartori. "Uruguay esta obligado por la firma de muchísimos convenios internacionales a cumplir con toda esa normativa que va en la mayor transparencia posible", dijo la presidenta de la Jutep, quien agregó que en otros países "no solo entregan la declaración jurada del cónyuge, también las del hijo". El Directorio de la Jutep analizará los pasos a seguir el próximo jueves. El fallo de la SCJ, que se conoció el viernes pasado, desestimó la acción de inconstitucionalidad promovida por Sartori contra la denominada “ley cristal” de los funcionarios públicos. El fallo contó con el voto de tres de los cinco ministros de la Corte. Ante el dictamen de la SCJ, Sartori respondió con un posteo en redes sociales: “Parece que el circo político crece cuando se acercan las elecciones. Reitero: no puedo ni voy a obligar a mi esposa, con la que tengo separación de bienes, a que presente nada”. En su recurso de inconstitucionalidad Sartori había argumentado que esa obligación representa una “violación al derecho a la privacidad y la intimidad”. Ahora señaló: “Es arcaico que en pleno siglo XXI se considere constitucional que el marido tenga que obligar a la mujer a hacer algo en contra de su voluntad. Quien cumple la función pública soy yo, no ella. Y mi declaración jurada está completa y aprobada por la Jutep”. Sartori dijo estar dispuesto a “enfrentar las sanciones correspondientes antes que ser parte de un sistema que ya fue” y agregó: “Lamento que para los tres ministros que desestimaron mi solicitud, el marido deba ser el tutor legal de la mujer como en 1800″. La Mesa de los Martes con Diego Irazábal, Eleonora Navatta, Desireé Pagliarini y Oscar Sarlo.
The lads are fresh off their World Cup cruise and back in London and Paris after another quality weekend of Rugby World Cup action. The lads will be chatting about a historic win for Fiji, impressive performances from underdogs Portugal and Uruguay, another victory for England and Ireland, the return of Owen Farrell and looking ahead to the massive clashes next weekend between South Africa & Ireland and Wales versus Australia. This epiosde is brought to you in partnership with Asahi Super Dry, the official Beer of the Rugby World Cup. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Terminó la Vuelta a España con un resultado histórico... Podio completo para el Jumbo-Visma, algo que no se veía desde 1966 cuando el KAS completó también el podio en la ronda española, pero además lograron completar el tríptico histórico al ganar las 3 grandes vueltas en un año, Giro con Roglic, Tour con Vingegaard y Vuelta con Kuss... Todo esto y mucho más en El Leñero Todos los Lunes: 1 Am España, Italia y Francia 9 pm Argentina, Uruguay y Brasil 8 pm Bolivia, Cuba, Paraguay, Venezuela, Dominicana Puerto Rico y Chile 7 pm Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Panamá 6 pm México, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua https://instagram.com/somosellenero
Lots of great rugby over the last two weekends.Uruguay scare France by playing running rugby. Really entertaining stuff. One poor clearance kick undid the Uruguayans. The kicking game.Tonga show Ireland up at the breakdown. Another problem for Paul O'ConnellEngland, so boring - but so what?A tight point spread for Ireland S. Africa? Become a member at https://plus.acast.com/s/the-other-hand-with-jim.power-and-chris.johns. Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Hoy en Conexión Interior conocemos a Lucie Cibulka, de 53 años de edad, nació y se crió en Austria, en un pueblito de los Alpes, cerca de la frontera con Suiza. Luego de recorrer bastante por el mundo, desde hace 17 años vive en las sierras de Rocha donde tiene una posada de campo con caballos que ofrece turismo ecuestre y cocina vegetariana. Pero además, incluso desde antes de estar en Uruguay, se dedica a la doma natural de caballos.
La actuación de la jueza de crimen organizado María Helena Mainard en dos casos que involucraban a narcotraficantes peligrosos derivó en un enfrentamiento abierto entre el Ministerio del Interior y el gremio de magistrados. El miércoles pasado, en una conferencia de prensa en el Parlamento, y día siguiente en una entrevista en Búsqueda, el ministro Luis Alberto Heber declaró que el accionar de la doctora Mainard de no ayuda en la lucha contra el narcotráfico. La molestia de Heber, se basaba en dos casos. Por un lado la jueza aceptó un recurso de habeas corpus presentado por la defensa del delincuente Ricardo Damián Cáceres Correa, que le permitió a este recluso dejar de estar aislado en una unidad de máxima seguridad y pasar a contar espacios de esparcimiento, de educación y de trabajo. El ministro argumentó que personas como el “Ricardito” no se rehabilitan. “No se rehabilita esa gente que lleva una organización donde matan gente o cortan manos. Podemos hacer el intento, adentro de una cárcel de máxima de seguridad, no afuera”. El otro fallo de la jueza Mainard cuestionado por el ministro Heber fue el que le permitió pasar a prisión domiciliaria al narcotraficante Juan Antonio González Bica, que dos meses después de la resolución rompió la tobillera electrónica que tenía puesta y se fugó. En este episodio la resolución de la magistrada se apoyó en informes supuestamente emitidos por el Instituto Técnico Forense y la oficina del comisionado parlamentario para las cárceles, que avalaban el pedido de la defensa en función de problemas cardíacos y renales que padecería el recluso. Luego se sabría que esos documentos eran falsos. Respecto a ese caso, Heber consideró fundamental que sea la Justicia quien pida y revise las historias clínicas de los presos que solicitan prisión domiciliaria y no “cometer la ingenuidad” de que “con un certificado médico ya estamos admitiendo una enfermedad”. La Asociación de Magistrados del Uruguay rechazó los dichos del ministro. En un comunicado emitido el viernes, esa gremial sostuvo que esas declaraciones de Heber “significan la clara afectación de la independencia judicial así como el evidente y preocupante desconocimiento de los pilares del sistema republicano”, “sustentado en la separación de poderes y el más estricto respeto a la independencia de cada uno”. Profundizamos en esta reacción de gremio de magistrados. Convesamos En Perspectiva con su presidente el Dr. Leonardo Méndez.
Sovereign Sustainability Linked Bonds: What's Going On? The newest product on the sovereign scene is the sustainability linked bond. The product is potentially exciting because, on its face, it seems to remedy some of the incentive problems embedded in the more commonly used “use of proceeds” green bonds. Chile and Uruguay have issued slbs with considerable fanfare. But these are two strong issuers with robust commitments to climate change. The question we are interested in is whether these instruments are providing issuers with incentives to do more for climate change than they would otherwise do. Our guest, Ignacio Lagos, of Cleary Gottlieb, is one of the young stars of the sovereign debt field and talks to us about these deals. And since we had Ignacio with us, we seized the opportunity to also try to understand a bit more about the intriguing Hamilton Bank v. Sri Lanka case and that Registered Holder/Beneficial Owner stuff. Producer: Leanna Doty
Juan Wauters - “Modus Operandi (feat. Frankie Cosmos)" from the 2023 album Wandering Rebel on Captured Tracks On today's Song of the Day, Queens-based Uruguay-born artist Juan Wauters casts a critical eye on the New Yorkers who were able to vacate the city during the COVID-19 crisis. Against a melancholy plucked melody and with swelling strings, Wauters sings, "People that have options go back to their suburbs / To them it was just like some kind of Disney World." “COVID made it clear that some people have it harder than others,” Wauters told the Tucson Weekly. “People that didn't have an option, they were locked in their apartments. It was right in your face, the inequality of the world, and I commented on that. Sometimes I feel like ‘Modus Operandi' could come off like I was resentful that everyone left the city, and people that didn't have an option could not leave. Maybe I was resentful. But also, as I now look back and have a conversation about it, I realize that it's just an observation of everyday life.” “Maybe life is supposed to be like that, that some people live more comfortably than others, and some people are supposed to have it harder. But maybe it's an opportunity to talk about it, and perhaps we can do something that, if COVID hits again, it's not unfair.” The track features guest vocals from born-and-bred New Yorker Greta Kline, better known as Frankie Cosmos. In the accompanying music video, she and Wauters wander through NYC and Montevideo, respectively. Director Fatos Marishta shared in a press release, "The idea of 'Modus Operandi' is that even though Juan lives elsewhere now, his essence stays in New York. Sometimes he's in NY, sometimes he's not, he can be anywhere. We shot through one week in two different countries with Juan wandering through the streets of Montevideo during the inaugural carnaval parade and Greta in Union Square, NYC. As they are having a conversation about New York City, Greta senses and sees Juan in the vicinity but can't seem to reach him." Read the full story at KEXP.orgSupport the show: https://www.kexp.org/donateSee omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
A wrap-up of the full weekend of games from Round 2 of the Rugby World Cup. Including, England, Ireland, Wales, South Africa, Chile and Uruguay. Plus, why the bunker is bad. Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Debbie Sharnak's new book, Of Light and Struggle: Social Justice, Human Rights, and Accountability in Uruguay (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2023) is an important and vibrant history of international and local activism in response to dictatorship from 1973 to 1985. Uruguayans suffered numerous human rights abuses under the repressive military government during this period. Activists, transnational social movements, and international policymakers both worked together and clashed as they pushed against the dictatorship and navigated the country back to a democratic government. Sharnak writes about these convergences and conflicts to provide a complex history of Uruguay and of human rights. Her book shows how the history of this small country can shed new light on the larger history of Latin America and international human rights. In this episode of the podcast, Sharnak, a professor at Rowen University, discusses her book and the research that went into it. She discusses the language of human rights and how it could unite disparate groups in common cause. Yet, narrow, unifying understandings of the term often left some experiences, such those of some Afro-Uruguaians, out of larger narrative. She discusses how such unity was difficult to maintain as the dictatorship ended and democracy returned to the country. Christine Lamberson, PhD, is a historian. Her research focuses on 20th century U.S. legal, political, and cultural history. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/history
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Debbie Sharnak's new book, Of Light and Struggle: Social Justice, Human Rights, and Accountability in Uruguay (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2023) is an important and vibrant history of international and local activism in response to dictatorship from 1973 to 1985. Uruguayans suffered numerous human rights abuses under the repressive military government during this period. Activists, transnational social movements, and international policymakers both worked together and clashed as they pushed against the dictatorship and navigated the country back to a democratic government. Sharnak writes about these convergences and conflicts to provide a complex history of Uruguay and of human rights. Her book shows how the history of this small country can shed new light on the larger history of Latin America and international human rights. In this episode of the podcast, Sharnak, a professor at Rowen University, discusses her book and the research that went into it. She discusses the language of human rights and how it could unite disparate groups in common cause. Yet, narrow, unifying understandings of the term often left some experiences, such those of some Afro-Uruguaians, out of larger narrative. She discusses how such unity was difficult to maintain as the dictatorship ended and democracy returned to the country. Christine Lamberson, PhD, is a historian. Her research focuses on 20th century U.S. legal, political, and cultural history. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
Debbie Sharnak's new book, Of Light and Struggle: Social Justice, Human Rights, and Accountability in Uruguay (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2023) is an important and vibrant history of international and local activism in response to dictatorship from 1973 to 1985. Uruguayans suffered numerous human rights abuses under the repressive military government during this period. Activists, transnational social movements, and international policymakers both worked together and clashed as they pushed against the dictatorship and navigated the country back to a democratic government. Sharnak writes about these convergences and conflicts to provide a complex history of Uruguay and of human rights. Her book shows how the history of this small country can shed new light on the larger history of Latin America and international human rights. In this episode of the podcast, Sharnak, a professor at Rowen University, discusses her book and the research that went into it. She discusses the language of human rights and how it could unite disparate groups in common cause. Yet, narrow, unifying understandings of the term often left some experiences, such those of some Afro-Uruguaians, out of larger narrative. She discusses how such unity was difficult to maintain as the dictatorship ended and democracy returned to the country. Christine Lamberson, PhD, is a historian. Her research focuses on 20th century U.S. legal, political, and cultural history. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/latin-american-studies
We're joined by former France international second row Bernard Le Roux to discuss the game plan that beat the All Blacks, the mindset, what makes Shaun Edwards' defence special, Uruguay, wrap up the first round of matches and opening ceremony, find out what life's like at Racing under Stuart Lancaster and take a look ahead to the second weekend of the World Cup. Plus, we pick our MEATER Moment of the Week...Use the code FRENCHPOD10 at checkout for 10% off any full price item at Meater.com Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
El Ministerio del Interior dio a conocer ayer el primer estudio realizado en Uruguay sobre reincidencia delictiva. El trabajo fue presentado por el coordinador de estrategias focalizadas en la prevención del delito, Diego Sanjurjo. Según los datos, del total de la población que fue excarcelada en 2019, el 29,2% reincidió a los seis meses y 44,1% lo hizo al año de haber salido. Al cabo de dos años, el 58,7% reincidió y a tres años el 65,6% de aquellos liberados volvieron a cometer un delito. El Ministerio también mostró que la población que más reincide, pasados tres años desde que salió de la cárcel, son los hombres menores de 34 años, que tuvieron una pena igual o menor a seis meses. El 84,4% de los que cumplen esa característica reincidieron. ¿Cuál es la importancia de un estudio como este? ¿Cuáles son las principales novedades que los expertos resaltan? ¿Para qué puede servir esta información? Conversamos En Perspectiva con Diego Sanjurjo.
Hoy es el Día Internacional de la Democracia, una conmemoración aprobada por la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas en 2007. Tomando como base esta fecha, les propongo discutir sobre la democracia en Uruguay, que suele ser muy destacada como una “democracia plena” en el mundo. Por ejemplo, en el reporte de The Economist Intelligence Unit divulgado en marzo de este año, Uruguay es el país con mejor calidad democrática de Latinoamérica, y el 11 en el mundo. Les pregunto, Ustedes, ¿están tranquilos, conformes, con la democracia en Uruguay? ¿Dónde les parece que están los desafíos de la democracia de nuestro país? ¿En qué debilidades hay que poner el foco y los cuidados? La Mesa de los Viernes con Alejandro Abal, Juan Grompone, Teresa Herrera y Gonzalo Pérez del Castillo.
Ali Maxwell is joined by Michael Cox, Liam Tharme and Mark Carey to reflect on Jude Bellingham's performance vs Scotland, debate whether Neymar should be considered one of football's true greats, and ask where the Spanish playmakers have gone? Plus, Nigeria's striker dilemma, Bielsa's Uruguay, and Fernando Diniz's anti-establishment tactics. Produced by Jay Beale. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
On Thursday's Rugby Daily, Cathal Mullaney brings you the Ireland team news ahead of Saturday's World Cup meeting with Tonga. South Africa and Scotland have both been hit with injuries. Warren Gatland is calling on his Wales players to show improvement in this weekend's meeting with Portugal. And France are back in action tonight with a fixture against Uruguay in Lille.
Ander Iturralde da la bienvenida a Gonzalo Carol, Javier Ferrús y Jan Seven para analizar la actualidad futbolística después del parón de selecciones y mirando hacia el fin de semana en la Premier League... Empezando por los partidos de Inglaterra contra Ucrania y Escocia y qué sensaciones nos podemos llevar; las absolutas demoliciones que logró España imprimir frente a Georgia y Chipre; Alemania desprendiéndose de los servicios de un ganador de sextete como Hansi Flick; todo lo que ocurrió en Sudamérica con la Bielsa de Uruguay, la Ecuador de la nueva súper perla Kerky, la Brasil de Diniz y varios detalles más; previa general del próximo fin de semana en la Premier League; la marcha de Coutinho a Qatar para jugar con Rúben Semedo; respondemos a vuestras preguntas incluyendo las canciones favoritas de Ander de blink-182, el increíble relato sobre la conducta de ciertos jugadores de la selección española en el Mundial Rusia 2018 y mucho más.Escucha la versión completa de este episodio de 1:58:30 de duración, apoya a que Alineación Indebida pueda prosperar, accede a todo nuestro contenido premium y a nuestro server de Discord suscribiéndote por tan sólo 5.50$/5.50€ en: https://www.patreon.com/alineacionindebida¡Suscríbete al programa en tu plataforma favorita!¡Volvemos el Lunes!Sigue a Ander en Twitter: https://twitter.com/andershoffmanSigue a Gonzalo en Twitter: https://twitter.com/gonzalocarol29Sigue a Javi en Twitter: https://twitter.com/_javierferrusSigue a Jan en Twitter: https://twitter.com/donostistanbulSigue al programa en Twitter: https://twitter.com/PodcastIndebidoSigue al programa en Instagram: instagram.com/podcastindebidoContacto: email@example.com // firstname.lastname@example.org Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Este 19 de septiembre vuelven los martes de Radio Ambulante. En esta temporada 13, la octava como parte de NPR, tenemos 30 episodios nuevos sobre lo extraordinario y lo íntimo de América Latina, historias que sorprenden, divierten y conmueven. En esta oportunidad viajamos a países como Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, México, Uruguay, Venezuela y más. Porque una historia puede estar en todas partes. En nuestro sitio web puedes encontrar una transcripción del trailer. Or you can also check this English translation. Además, con motivo del estreno, habrá una decena de Clubes de Escucha presenciales y virtuales alrededor del mundo organizados por nuestro equipo y miembros de la comunidad. La información completa está aquí. ♥ Radio Ambulante es posible gracias a nuestra comunidad. Únete a Deambulantes, nuestro programa de membresías, y ayúdanos a garantizar la existencia y la sostenibilidad de nuestro periodismo independiente. ★ Si no quieres perderte ningún episodio, suscríbete a nuestro boletín y recibe todos los martes un correo. Además, los viernes te enviaremos cinco recomendaciones inspiradoras del equipo para el fin de semana. ✓ ¿Nos escuchas para mejorar tu español? Tenemos algo extra para ti: prueba nuestra app Jiveworld, diseñada para estudiantes intermedios de la lengua que quieren aprender con nuestros episodios.
Darwin Nunez of Liverpool reportedly has a muscle problem, leading Uruguay coach Marcelo Bielsa to question his fitnessFollow and hit the bell icon so you never miss an episode - give us a 5 star rating too!Check us out on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/@anfieldagendaSee all our best bits on TikTok: http://www.tiktok.com/@anfieldagenda_ Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
L'Uruguay, deuxième adversaire de la France à la Coupe du monde, possède un rugby encore majoritairement amateur mais qui se développe. Crunch, dont l'un des reporters est parti sur place, vous raconte l'histoire du XV uruguayen et comment ce petit pays de rugby a préparé le Mondial.
El espejo que nos puso de frente el Noveno Informe sobre el Estado de la Educación, recientemente publicado, nos obliga a observar profundamente los desafíos estructurales, entre otras materias, de la macro evaluación; una asignación en la que llevamos mala calificación con muchas tareas pendientes. Este importante componente carece de parámetros claros, respectó de qué, cómo y para qué se evalúa. Tampoco incorpora estándares internacionales para mejorar y mantiene al Ministerio de Educación como juez y parte en el proceso, sujeto siempre a los vaivenes de cambios políticos y no asegurados al timón de los criterios técnicos. Una de las conclusiones es contundente: “Si consideramos todas las interrupciones en la evaluación de los aprendizajes a nivel nacional a causa de las decisiones de las administraciones de turno, acumulamos cerca de dos décadas sin información alguna sobre qué aprendieron las personas estudiantes. Para la política pública, esto es un obstáculo de innovación y progreso, en general, para la mejora educativa”. Por eso, entre otras propuestas, el EE apunta a la creación de una agencia de evaluación independiente, tal y como lo aconsejan hoy las mejores prácticas internacionales de macro evaluación educativa, como los hacen ya Chile, Perú, Uruguay y Colombia, solo por citar algunos países de nuestra región. Para dar continuidad al análisis conversamos con Isabel Román, coordinadora del Noveno Informe y Katherine Barquero, investigadora.
Argentina vence en Bolivia, cae Uruguay en Ecuador, Colombia y Chile reparten puntos, y Venezuela doblega a Paraguay en el último minuto en las Eliminatorias Sudamericanas para el Mundial de Fútbol de 2026. Escucha esta y otras noticias futbolísticas importantes de la semana.
Segundo día de descanso en La Vuelta a España y todo marcha viento en popa para el Jumbo - Visma... ¿lograrán el podio completo? quién podrá quitarles un escalón en el podio. Este miércoles llega el que para muchos es el "Puerto más duro del ciclismo" el temido L'Anglirú... Todo esto y mucho más en El LeñeroTodos los Lunes:1 Am España, Italia y Francia9 pm Argentina, Uruguay y Brasil8 pm Bolivia, Cuba, Paraguay, Venezuela, Dominicana Puerto Rico y Chile7 pm Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Panamá6 pm México, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaraguahttps://instagram.com/somosellenero
On Tuesday's Rugby Daily, Richie McCormack brings you the latest injury news from the Ireland camp ahead of Saturday's World Cup clash with Tonga. Tom Curry learns of his ban following his red card in England's win over Argentina. A Springboks legend has backed Rassie Erasmus for a return to Ireland, while Felix Jones explains the traffic light system. And France rest their big guns for Thursday's Pool A game with Uruguay.
In 2001, Goldman Sachs economist Jim O'Neill coined the term “BRIC” to describe the fast-growing economies that he predicted would collectively dominate the global economy by 2050. The BRIC countries he was referring to were Brazil, Russia, India, and China. After a series of high-level meetings that included officials from the four countries, the BRIC grouping was founded in 2009. The following year, South Africa joined, and the name became “BRICS”. Last month, the fifteenth BRICS summit was held in Johannesburg. In addition to the leaders of the five core countries, representatives from more than 60 countries attended, and six were officially invited to join the club: Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.How does the BRICS serve China's foreign policy objectives? And is this expansion a major win for Xi Jinping? Is BRICS likely to become a global grouping of authoritarian countries that poses a challenge to the G-7 group of democracies – and is that what Beijing wants? To discuss these topics and more, host Bonnie Glaser is joined by Colleen Cottle, deputy director of the Atlantic Council's Global China Hub. Prior to joining the Atlantic Council, she spent over a dozen years at the Central Intelligence Agency where she worked on East and South Asia. Timestamps[01:45] What has BRICS achieved? [05:33] China Driving the BRICS Agenda[08:35] Where does BRICS fit into China's foreign policy agenda? [10:53] Why has BRICS refrained from endorsing BRI?[12:53] Outcomes of Johannesburg Summit[15:18] Criteria for Expanding BRICS Membership[18:19] Potential for BRICS Disrupting the International Order[23:52] China as a Developing Country[26:56] Will we see any breakthroughs with BRICS?
Graham and Taylor take a look at some of the biggest stories from the international window so far, including Scotland continuing to play attractive and fun soccer while England drop points for the first time in qualifying. What to expect from their friendly match later today! Plus, lots of discussion about what went wrong for Hansi Flick and Germany and where the DFB will go from here. And then quicker hits on Portugal, Uruguay, South Korea, and more! --- Today's show is brought to you by... BetterHelp! Give online therapy a try at betterhelp.com/TSS and get on your way to being your best self. JOIN THE TSS+ PATREON! Check out our brand-new Patreon, which houses bonus podcasts, access to our exclusive Discord, blog posts, videos, and much more. Become a member today at patreon.com/totalsoccershow! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices