The Netivot Shalom writes that the menorah in the Beit HaMikdash would radiate a light of emunah into the hearts of the Jewish People. With that light, it was understood that Hashem was behind everything that took place in the world, and it was that light which the Yavanim tried to destroy. The miracle of Chanukah was the last one before this long galut which we are still enduring. And it carried with it a message from Hashem to us which we must always remember. The Greeks had full control of the Beit HaMikdash. They were seeking to defile every jug of oil there, and there was no one to stop them. But Hashem had other plans. He blinded them from seeing that last jug, because from it He was going to produce the holiday of Chanukah to remind us that He's always with us, and no one can do anything to us unless it's His will. The nerot Chanukah remind us that whatever is going on in our own lives is being orchestrated by Hashem. He's with us, and He's helping us, although it might not always seem that way. If we take the message and internalize that Hashem is with us, it will make our lives so much better. Sometimes, Hashem gives us a “wave”, kavayachol , by showing us how intimately He is involved in our day to day lives. A young couple who are currently living in Israel dedicating their lives to Torah were recently invited to eat out by relatives on Leil Shabbat . The house they were invited to was at least a thirty-minute walk from where they lived, so they decided they would take a taxi there before Shabbat. The young woman told her husband to take forty shekel with him, as that was the regular fee to go where they were headed. Her husband then told her, “It could possibly cost as much as fifty,” and he didn't want to be stuck without enough. She said to him, “Forty shekel is what it's really worth and I have emunah that Hashem will get us a taxi for that price.” This woman learns emunah on a daily basis and is constantly looking to grow in it. Her husband replied, “If we had emunah, we shouldn't need to take any money because Hashem could also get us there for free.” The woman replied, “You're right, but I don't think we're holding on that level yet. Let's just bring the forty shekel because that level we are holding on.” They left their apartment and went down the block to find a taxi. The first taxi driver that came said he couldn't take them because he was going in the other direction. The second one that came also wasn't traveling in that direction. Now the time was getting late, and they really needed to get to their destination. The next taxi that passed by, they flagged down and asked if he would take them to where they needed to go. The driver said, “Of course,” and told them to get in. They then asked him how much he would charge them for the ride. He replied in Hebrew, “ Chinam ,” which means “free”. They couldn't believe their ears. Who ever heard of a taxi driver not charging a customer. The driver explained that he has a custom that the last ride that he does before Shabbat he does as a chesed, and this was his last ride before Shabbat. They offered to pay him after they arrived, but he wouldn't take the money. The couple said to themselves, what are the odds that out of the hundreds of taxis we were going to get the one that would take us for free? It was so clear to them that Hashem was telling them, I heard your conversation and yes, I could take you there for free. This gave them so much chizuk , realizing how intimately Hashem is really involved in their lives. When we look at the nerot Chanukah, let us try to absorb that light of emunah and internalize that Hashem is always with us as well.
If a person is going through a difficulty and he feels like his world is crashing down around him, the best thing he could do is strengthen himself like a lion and go on with life happily. Hashem is the One who has brought about the difficulty for the person's benefit. If he believes that, it would give him the strength he needs to move on. Initially the person may feel that he has nothing to look forward to and would rather just stay home and mope around. However, usually, there are hidden presents waiting to be given by Hashem in those situations, but in order to access them, we need to do our part first. Although the Greeks tried to defile every jug of oil in the Beit HaMikdash, Hashem hid one from them. That was the hidden present waiting for us to discover. If the Jewish People would make teshuva and want to serve Hashem like they were supposed to, Hashem had that miracle jug sitting and waiting for them. A young woman who grew up in a certain part of Canada went to seminary in Israel after she graduated high school and became very friendly with a nice group of girls from Brooklyn, New York. Many of her siblings had already moved to Brooklyn, and that's where she wanted to be as well. After she finished seminary, she found a job in Brooklyn and a place to live, but she was not yet a U.S. citizen. She would periodically travel back to Canada to visit her parents. The last time she tried to come back into the U.S., she was stopped at the border. She was questioned as to why she had been spending so much time in the U.S. The last time she was there it was for over six months straight. They were not happy with her answers, and they ended up putting her in handcuffs. After a lot of questioning, they eventually let her go, but said she would never be allowed into the U.S. again until she could prove that she was actually living in Canada. They wanted pay-stubs from a job in Canada which she did not have. At that point, her heart dropped. Her whole life was in Brooklyn – her job, her friends, and she was currently trying to find a shidduch there as well. Where she was from there were not so many religious Jews on her level and, besides, she didn't want to live there anyway. She did have one sister who lived in Montreal, and she decided to go live with her until she could figure things out. While at her sister's house, she was very depressed. She didn't want to do anything productive because she thought, what was the point, she didn't want to be there. After two weeks, somebody gave her a lot of chizuk in emunah, and that gave her the strength to pick herself up and continue living life the way she is supposed to. She found a job in the neighborhood there which she enjoyed very much. At that job, she met a woman who suggested a relative of hers as a shidduch . The woman said he is currently in Toronto, but he has dual citizenship, and his life is in Brooklyn. The young woman looked into it and accepted the offer. Last week she got engaged to this boy. Now, she's going to be allowed back into America through marriage. She is going to live in the exact place she wants to be, she is getting her old job back and she is looking forward to being happily married. What she thought was the worst possible thing for her was actually Hashem leading her to the hidden present He had waiting. She needed to pick herself up first to access it. It was the chizuk in emunah which gave her the strength that she needed. It was specifically her getting up and moving on with life that led her to meet the person who would eventually suggest the shidduch she is going to marry. There are hidden presents waiting for us all the time. Very often, it's our emunah in those times of difficulty which help to lead us to finding those presents.
The principles of Judaism : Torah study, Mitzva observance, prayer, the spiritual neshamah and Hashem's presence are all concepts we live with daily, but only on their most superficial level. For the ben aliya looking to explore more of the tremendous depth and meaning inherent in Torah and uncover the limitless potential for growth in Yiddishkeit, no sefer explores these concepts more clearly than Rav Chaim Voloziner's classic, the Nefesh Hachayim. As the primary disciple of the Vilna Gaon, R Chayim is able to weave the Gaon's approach to machshava, nistar and mussar into a breathtaking tapestry of understanding.
Were the branches of the menorah straight or curved? If you ask your average person (try it) you will generally recieve the response: It's a machlokes Rishonim. If you ask a more academic leaning person, the answer may be 'it was definitely rounded, haven't you seen the arch?'. However, the Lubavitcher Rebbe was adament that it was in fact straight. Who is correct? Sources used in the episode: תרומה כה:לב - וְשִׁשָּׁ֣ה קָנִ֔ים יֹצְאִ֖ים מִצִּדֶּ֑יהָ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה ׀ קְנֵ֣י מְנֹרָ֗ה מִצִּדָּהּ֙ הָאֶחָ֔ד וּשְׁלֹשָׁה֙ קְנֵ֣י מְנֹרָ֔ה מִצִּדָּ֖הּ הַשֵּׁנִֽי רש'י תרומה כה:לב. - לְכָאן וּלְכָאן בַּאֲלַכְסוֹן, נִמְשָׁכִים וְעוֹלִין עַד כְּנֶגֶד גָּבְהָהּ שֶׁל מְנוֹרָה שֶׁהוּא קָנֶה הָאֶמְצָעִי. רמב'ם ביאת המקדש 3:2 - וְשָׁלֹשׁ רַגְלַיִם הָיוּ לָהּ. וּשְׁלֹשָׁה כַּפְתּוֹרִים אֲחֵרִים הָיוּ בִּקְנֵה הַמְּנוֹרָה שֶׁמֵּהֶן יוֹצְאִים שֵׁשֶׁת הַקָּנִים. שְׁלֹשָׁה מִצַּד זֶה וּשְׁלֹשָׁה מִצַּד זֶה. פירוש המשניות מנחות ג:ז. - ראיתי לצייר בכאן צורת המנורה שלימה... ואני מצייר עכשיו הצורה הזאת שהגביעים צורת דבר משולש והכפתור עגולה והפרח חצי עגולה כדי שיהיה קל להצטייר שאין הכוונה בצורה הזאת להודיע בה צורת הגביע על אמתתו לפי שכבר בארתי אותו לך אבל הכוונה להודיע בה מספר הגביעים וכפתורים והפרחים ומקומותם והשיעור הנשאר מעמוד המנורה שאין בו שום דבר והמקומות שהיו בהן הפרחים והכפתורים וכולה איך היתה וזו היא צורת כל זה: אברהם בן הרמב'ם תרומה כה:לב - בכור שור תרומה כה:לא - וכל הקנים היו שוים במדה אחת ועשוים כמין ענפי האילן קנה גוף המנורה גבוה מכולם שנים שבצדו נמוכים ממנה מעט כפי האלכסין והשנים נמוכים מן הראשונים כפי שהם יוצאים בנמוך והשלישיים יותר כפי שהם יוצאים בנמוך Menachos 28b - ר' יוסי בר רבי יהודה אומר אף של עץ לא יעשה כדרך שעשו מלכי בית חשמונאי אמרו לו משם ראיה שפודים של ברזל היו וחיפום בבעץ העשירו עשאום של כסף חזרו והעשירו עשאום של זהב אבן עזרא כה:לב - וששה. טעם קנים. עגולים ארוכים חלולים braaisa in midos 46 (yalkut brings down pretty much the same) - שבעה נרותיה כנגד שבעה כוכבים המשמשין את העולם ואלו הן שצ״מ חנכ״ל https://templeinstitute.org/menorah-archeological-evidence/ https://outorah.org/p/5720/
Join Mentors Mission in Israel! A Booster We Can All Agree On! December 28, 2021 - January 2, 2022 Experience of A Lifetime At the Ohr Somayach New Bais Medrash Itinerary and Packages Available on our Website Vaccination within 6 months Required Limited Time Offer - Hotel Package (Hotel Bookings before November 28th Only) Register Now to Insure Availability www.mentorsmission.com 718-644-9037 Where did the minhag of showing tzitzis out come from? 5:38 When mashiach comes will we have a unified Halacha? 8:45 What principles disqualify someone from olam haba? 15:14 What is the basis of hatred of Jews from Arabs? 20:00 What is the significance of mentioning the sons of Rav Pappa in a siyyum? 21:44 Why don't we enunciate Hashem's 4 letter name as we do other names? 25:12 Is a Jew that makes a lot of money and he's generous, can he justify having fancy stuff? 31:42 Why is there so much evil and hashchasa when it comes to gender? 40:39 Is money won in poker (by a frum Jew) given to tzedaka clean? 48:00 Is thanksgiving assur for Jews to celebrate? 51:45 Why does the first bracha in birkas hamazon differ among Jews? 54:01 To what extent does Hashem listen to evil people or people of other religions? 1:00:08 Could someone give more than 20% ma'aser if they have the capacity? 1:02:30 Hashem keeps Torah, so how do we explain rain on Shabbat? 1:04:50 Why did the song yedid nefesh change? 1:09:08 In shidduch dating, how much leniency should someone have in hashgafa differences? 1:11:22 Why are there no other holidays about dedication of the Temple (such as Chanukah)? 1:13:44 What was the effect of the church's censorship the Talmud? 1:16:00 Why don't non Jews that Hashem speaks to in Torah narrative immediately believe in Hashem (over their own idols)? 1:17:39 What are the difference between animals and humans? 1:21:44 Why was King Shlomo allowed to have so many wives and how could some not be Jewish? 1:24:40 What is the “Ohr HaGanuz”? 1:25:57 What level of authority does the Saatmar Rav have on the matter of medinas Israel? 1:29:47 What is Kaf HaKelah? 1:30:48 What does the Torah say about whistleblowers? Should Jews be journalists? 1:33:14 Does a child from a woman who converted for marriage (but it was a “legal” conversion) have questionable Judaism? 1:35:26 What is the proper kavanna to have when lighting a menorah on Chanukah? 1:36:31 Is the book “garden of emunah” good for a Baal Teshuva to read? 1:38:01 Is it halachically permissible for a married couple to have a hyphenated last name or for a husband to take his wife's last name? 1:42:14 Do goyim have a neshama? 1:43:25 Do all Jewish names have meaning / Ruach HaKodesh of parents? 1:46:40 When Shabbos is over we lose the special neshama, but if I don't eat melava malka, do I still have it? Comments? Feedback? Would you like to sponsor an episode? A series? We'd love to hear from you : email@example.com https://podcasts.ohr.edu/ Visit us @ ohr.edu ! Produced by:
We read in Parashat Vayesheb of the sale of Yosef as a slave by his brothers. Yaakob sent Yosef to check on his brothers who were tending to their herds in Shechem, and when Yosef arrived in the area, he did not find them. A mysterious man, whom the Sages identified as the angel Gabriel, saw Yosef and asked what he was looking for. Yosef explained that he was looking for his brothers, and the angel said, "Nas'u Mi'zeh" – "They journeyed from here," and they went to a nearby area called Dotan. Yosef then made his way to Datan, where he found his brothers, and they proceeded to throw him into a pit and eventually sold him as a slave. Rashi, based on the Midrash, writes that when the angel said, "Nas'u Mi'zeh," he meant not only that the brothers had journeyed from Shechem, but also that they "journeyed" from their feelings of fraternal love and commitment, and were planning to kill him. The Or Ha'haim (Rav Haim Ben-Attar, 1696-1743) raises the obvious question of why Yosef went to his brothers after receiving this news. Once he heard that his brothers "journeyed" from their brotherly devotion, and were devising a plan to inflict harm, how could he endanger himself by going to them? The Or Ha'haim suggests that Yosef chose one of the two possible interpretations of the angel's response. The angel's words, taken plainly, meant that his brothers moved from Shechem and went to Dotan. The information that they despised Yosef and planned to kill him was conveyed through a subtle allusion. Yosef realized that this response could be understood in one of two ways, and he made the conscious decision to judge his brothers favorably, and assume that they were still committed to him and had not resorted to virulent hatred. But if this is the case, the Or Ha'haim proceeds to ask, then for what purpose did the angel bother to subtly inform Yosef of his brothers' hostility? If he wanted Yosef to know that his brothers despised him, then why didn't he just say so explicitly? The Or Ha'haim gives a remarkable answer. He writes that perhaps the angel sought to offer Yosef the opportunity to earn great reward by assuming the more favorable possibility. By choosing to judge his brothers charitably, and interpreting the angel's words to mean simply that they relocated, Yosef became worthy of reward. In fact, the Or Ha'haim writes, it is perhaps on this account that Hashem granted Yosef the grandeur and prestige which he attained in Egypt. All this honor was earned through Yosef's having judged his brothers favorably, by preferring the positive perspective over the negative one. When it comes to our perception of other people, our natural tendency is, usually, to do just the opposite – to find fault, to be suspicious, to interpret people's words and actions critically, and to assume the worst about them. The story of Yosef, as understood by the Or Ha'haim, teaches us about how precious a Misva it is to judge people favorably, to look upon them from a positive angle. Rather than rush to find fault and criticize, we should do just the opposite, and rush to identify people's fine qualities and offer compliments and praise. By following Yosef's example of judging favorably, we will be worthy, as he was, of great success and reward, Amen.
At the end of this week's Parasha, Vayeshev , Yosef HaTzaddik interpreted the dreams of the Sar HaOfim and the Sar HaMashkim . He told the Sar HaMashkim he was going to get his job back and continue living as before, while he told the Sar HaOfim he was going to die. Rav Meir Shapiro asked, where did Yosef see life and death in the dreams that these men had. The Rabbi answered, the Sar HaMashkim related to Yosef that he saw himself holding the cup of Paraoh , taking grapes, pressing them into the cup and placing the cup into Paraoh's hands. Yosef saw that he was active, working hard, and those are signs of life. While the Sar HaOfim said he saw himself with a basket on his head with food inside of it and birds coming to eat from it. He was inactive and that was a sign of no life. The Rabbi concluded, “Hashem wants us to use our lives to accomplish. Every day there is another opportunity to grow and do more and not sit around and wait for things to happen on their own.” There is so much we can accomplish spiritually with every moment of life. The sefer Vaveh HaAmudim told a story about the famed Ponovitcher Rav, Rabbi Yosef Kahaneman. The Rabbi spent his days building Torah and he established one of the most prominent yeshivot in the entire world. He had to make numerous trips, traveling worldwide to raise the necessary funds to support the yeshiva. On one of those occasions, he returned to his host's house after a long, tiring day of collecting. He went to lie down, totally sapped of all his strength. The host ran to make the Rabbi a cup of tea and a plate of food and asked him what he could do to help him. The Rabbi answered, “The best thing you could do for me is to get me a telephone because there were many people I didn't get to go to today and I want to call them to see if they want to take part in this great mitzvah of supporting Torah.” The host said, “Rabbi, you're no longer a young man. From where do you draw the strength to keep pushing yourself like this?” The Rabbi answered, “If you want to know, it's from an episode that took place when I was younger that made a very big impression on me.” The Rabbi then related the episode. He said, “When I was younger, my mother used to make a special homemade mishloach manot and send it to the Rabbi and Rebbitzin of our community. On Purim, she would send my siblings and I to deliver it. One year, my father came home, it was a week before Purim and he said he got something else he wanted to give the Rabbi, along with the mishloach manot . That day, a traveling salesman came to our town and he had with him an entire Masechet Baba Batra in the Vilna edition of the Shas. At that time, nobody had their own Gemarot and my father knew for a fact that our Rabbi did not have his own Shas either. He bought the Gemara as a present for the Rav. On Purim, I along with my two brothers went to deliver the mishloach manot as well as that Gemara . When we arrived, my brother gave the homemade dessert and the Rav said to his wife, ‘So nice, the Kahaneman boys are here to give us mishloach manot .' And then I took out the Gemara and told the Rabbi, ‘Here, this is a gift from my father.' The sight of what I saw next, I will never forget. The Rabbi's eyes welled up with tears. He hugged the Gemara and he said in a loud voice, ‘An entire Masechet Baba Batra !' And he began dancing with it for 20 minutes around his table, as if it was Simchat Torah .” Rabbi Kahaneman then got out of his bed to show the host exactly how the Rabbi danced. Then he continued, “The Rabbi asked his Rebbitzin if she could give him a special present to which she replied, ‘Of course.' He said we usually start our Purim seuda at 5:00. Can we start it at 6:00? And from 5:00 until 6:00, I will go into my study and learn this Masechet for one full uninterrupted hour. She said that would be her greatest pleasure. The Rabbi then, once again, began dancing with the Gemara for an additional 20 minutes.” Rav Kahanemen concluded, “I was 11 years old at that time. When I saw the Rabbi's love of Torah, I decided on the spot, when I get older I'm going to put all of my strength into helping people learn this Torah. And that is where I get my strength from.” The sefer Vaveh HaAmudim concluded with the following two messages. #1 – Look at what an impression someone can make when he does something with joy. We as well can have such a big impact on our children when we portray the beauty of Torah and mitzvot in the way we act towards them. And #2 – Look at what this Rabbi accomplished with one act of ahavat Torah . He had a major share in the building of one of the world's largest yeshivot . His love of Torah is what inspired Rav Kahaneman to spend his life upholding Torah. We could all accomplish so much with each moment of life. Shabbat Shalom.
When people are in need of help, they want to know what they could do to speed up the process. Of course, prayer and good deeds are always the best options. There are other segulot as well. Here are just a few: There is a tradition from the Toldot Yaakov Yosef, as well as Rav Nachman from Breslev, that if a person internalizes that Hashem loves him and worries about him and takes care of him more than any human being ever could, including his parents, and that whatever Hashem is doing with him at the moment is the best possible thing for him, he will be zoche to a yeshua in the end. And, he will fully understand the hidden ways of how Hashem was dealing with him until the yeshua came. And this applies all the more so if the person fills his mouth and heart with praises and thanks to Hashem for everything He has been doing to him. A person could practice developing this attitude when he endures small issues in life. A young rabbi from Israel told that he needed to get serious dental work done. His doctor told him to go to Hadassah Ein Kerem for his treatments. He discovered that the next available appointment was a few months later. He asked an influential man in the medical field to get him an earlier slot and, indeed, he was able to arrange an appointment for the following week. This man arrived that morning with all his paperwork, but the secretary told him she did not have him slotted in for an appointment, and there was nothing she could do to help him. The young rabbi then went to sit down and started saying Mizmor L'Todah , thanking Hashem for what was happening. Just a minute later, the secretary called him back and said she would squeeze him in at the end of the day. When the doctor saw him, he said he could do the entire procedure in one long session but there was nothing available for seven months. Once again, the young rabbi went to sit down, and he said Mizmor L'Todah , thanking Hashem for this as well. As he was getting up to leave, another man walked up to the desk and told the secretary he had to cancel his next appointment which was supposed to take place the following month. The young rabbi then went and asked for it, and he was immediately penciled in. He then, once again, said Mizmor L'Todah thanking Hashem for this as well. Rabbi Chaim Zayid told, when he was dating the girl he would eventually marry, he was very nervous and unsure of himself. He asked his Rosh Yeshiva at that time what he could do to get more clarity. The Rosh Yeshiva told him he had a tradition, if someone would go to the Kotel and read the entire Tehillim, Hashem would give him extra siyata d'Shamaya. Rabbi Zayid took the advice and went the next day to the Kotel and read the entire Tehillim there. As he was waiting for the bus to go back to his yeshiva, a man came over to him and gave him a hug. Rabbi Zayid did not know this man and it quickly became apparent that he was not 100%. The man said to him, “Mazal Tov! You're going to become a chatan.” And then he said the pasuk, “צדיק כתמר יפרח כארז בלבנון ישגה.” Rabbi Zayid was stunned. The name of the girl he was dating was Tamar and here this man tells him, you are going to become a chatan and mentions the name Tamar in a pasuk . Baruch Hashem, Rabbi Zayid is happily married to her today. One final story with another segula . A rabbi who is here from Israel collecting for his yeshiva told me, he is in the year of the petira of one of his parents and needs to be the shaliach tzibur at each tefila . A couple of weeks ago he was in Borough Park and asked the gabai of the Shomer Shabbat shtibel if he can get a slot on Friday afternoon for Mincha . They gave him the 2:00 slot. He arrived on time but he was disheartened to see only a few other people there. It was getting late, it became 2:16 and they still only had seven people. The next minyan was scheduled for 2:30 and for that minyan , someone else was already penciled in to be the shaliach tzibur . Then it was 2:17, his time was running out. He recalled Yaakov Avinu making a pledge to Tzedakaif Hashem would help him, so he did the same thing. He said, “Hashem, please, give me a minyan . I will give $50 right now to tzedaka if I get the minyan .” And then he added, “Please give it to me the way that I like.” He never likes to pray with exactly 10 people, just in case someone doesn't answer. Thirty seconds later, four people walked in together and they started the minyan . Right when they finished, he gave his credit card number to a certain charity and thanked Hashem for answering his tefiila . Thanking Hashem, saying Tehillim by the Kotel , pledging to give tzedaka , these are just some of the numerous segulot that are available to us to attain extra siyata d'Shamaya .
R' Machlis is a truly righteous man, a teacher both by profession and by his very life. He hosts 200 people in his home every shabbos and has inspired thousands. His late wife, Rebbetzin Henny, was a truly singular outstanding woman. She lovingly opened her heavenly heart and home to many many tens of thousands of guests from every imaginable background. In her own unique way, Henny served as a caring mother and dedicated role model to so many of these people. The Rebbetzin keenly understood the special spiritual significance of hospitality and generosity and - with the help of Hashem - successfully opened new torah gateways and pathways in the cherished areas of chesed and hachnasat orchim. Henny often spoke of the heartfelt appreciation that she felt towards Hashem for allowing her the privilege of living in the holiest of lands and in the holiest of cities. She often remarked that it was the special divine blessing of Yerushalayim which enabled her to actualize so many of her aspirations. To learn more about her inspiring life, check out The Story of Rebbetzin Henny Machlis: https://www.artscroll.com/Books/9781422620694.html. To support their mission and help to cover the costs of their shabbos meals, head to https://www.machlis.org/. Connect with Rabbi Efrem Goldberg: Website: https://rabbiefremgoldberg.org/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/efrem.goldberg Twitter: http://twitter.com/rabbigoldberg Rabbi Efrem Goldberg is the Senior Rabbi of the Boca Raton Synagogue (BRS), a rapidly-growing congregation of over 800 families and over 1,000 children in Boca Raton, Florida. BRS is the largest Orthodox Synagogue in the Southeast United States. Rabbi Goldberg's warm and welcoming personality has helped attract people of diverse backgrounds and ages to feel part of the BRS community, reinforcing the BRS credo of 'Valuing Diversity and Celebrating Unity. Rabbi Philip Moskowitz serves as Associate Rabbi at Boca Raton Synagogue (BRS). His warm personality and dynamic, positive spirit make people of all backgrounds and ages feel a part of the BRS community. Rabbi Moskowitz officiates at life cycle events, provides pastoral counseling, and serves as halachic advisor and close confidante to hundreds of members. Beyond the engaging and relevant Shabbat morning sermons, delivered to multiple, diverse minyanim, and the numerous regular classes and shiurim in the Shul, Rabbi Moskowitz regularly teaches Torah in private homes, local day schools, and the community at large. Rabbi Josh Broide is the Director of the Deborah & Larry D. Silver Center for Jewish Engagement (CJE), a Division of the Jewish Federation of South Palm Beach County. He is also the Founder & Director of the Boca Raton Jewish Experience (BRJE), a rapidly growing outreach and engagement program in Boca Raton, Florida. In addition he also works as the Outreach Rabbi at Boca Raton Synagogue (BRS), one of the largest Modern Orthodox Synagogues in North America.
Hashem loves us with an infinite love and wants nothing more than for us to be happy. Sometimes we go through difficulties and we think if Hashem loves us so much, why is He doing these things to us. The answer is, Hashem wants us to be eternally happy, not just to have fleeting moments of happiness. And for reasons we can't understand at the moment, these difficulties are actually enabling us to attain that eternal happiness. One of the words we use to describe Hashem is Gibor and one of the meanings of that description is that Hashem uses His strength to hold Himself back from giving in to some of our immediate requests. Even though receiving those requests will make us temporarily happy and Hashem wants us to be happy, because He loves us so much and knows that giving in will actually be detrimental to us, He holds Himself back from giving. When we are in pain, Hashem is in pain. He's willing to take the pain to do the absolute best for us. Sometimes people feel anger towards Hashem for not helping them when they need it. There is nothing more painful for a father than when his child is angry at him, especially when the father has been working 24/7 just to please the child. Hashem is willing to go through that suffering, even if His children would be angry at what He's doing, just because He loves them so much and wants to do what is really best for them. If a person can give himself chizuk during those hard times and say to himself, “Hashem is really helping me. I don't understand but I know it's good,” and release his feelings of anger, it will not only help himself, it will relieve the pain that he is causing the Shechina as well. A man told me he grew up in a divorced home and never really clicked socially with anyone. He had a very difficult childhood and felt socially awkward. He eventually found a job and got married and was hoping to start a new, happier life. At that job, he was able to get a meeting with a customer which, if proved to be successful, would earn him millions of dollars. He prepared a lot for the meeting and when it came time for it, he made the best presentation he ever made. The customer seemed happy and told him he would let him know shortly if they would be doing business together. That night, this man came home full of hakarat hatov to Hashem for saving his life and giving him all of these new opportunities. For the first time, he was fully content, looking forward to a very bright future. But as it turned out, that customer never called and his employer ended up firing him from the job. He then found himself at home with absolutely nothing to do and nothing to look forward to. The one time he was finally going to get a break in life and it turned totally the opposite way. He was depressed and extremely angry towards Hashem. A few days later, his father-in-law called him, asking if he could come over to speak with him. When he arrived, his father-in-law pulled out a set of keys from his pocket and said, “I didn't only entrust you with my daughter because you're a nice person. I believe in you. You have tremendous talent. You don't belong at home moping around. You're going to do great things in life, you just need to put a little more thought into how exactly you are going to start. I have an empty office space that I'm giving to you. Go there, that will be your office. There you'll think about the next step in the process of finding what's best for you.” The man said he felt rejuvenated, someone believed in him. He took those keys and he went to the office. There, he tried to come up with many ideas and almost all of them failed. But eventually, one thing led to the next and he got involved in doing what he is very passionate about – helping and mentoring children. He got involved in the yeshiva sports programs and eventually became the director in a yeshiva day school. He does after-school programs, summer programs, and he loves every second of what he does. It is so clear to him that this is where he is meant to be. He cries tears of thanks to Hashem every day for leading him in this direction. He apologized for ever being angry about what Hashem was doing to him. He now goes around teaching others to be patient, to wait and see what Hashem's plan is for them. He knows how much Hashem loves him and wants everyone else to feel the same way. And this is the absolute truth – Hashem loves us more than we can imagine and He is always leading us to the places that we need to be in to ensure our eternal happiness.
The Gemara in Masechet Sanhedrin says that David HaMelech asked Hashem if he could have his name associated with Hashem's like the Avot did, as we say אלוקי אברהם, אלוקי יצחק ואלוקי אברהם . Hashem replied that the Avot were worthy of that because they were tested, while he wasn't. The Rishonim ask, we know Avraham was tested with the ten tests, we know Yitzchak was tested at the Akedah, but what exactly was the test of Yaakov Avinu? We know he had a hard life, but where exactly was the test found? The sefer Be'er Yosef explained that Yaakov had one of the most difficult tests that a person could possibly have. It had to do with the age-old question which Moshe Rabbenu as well as other Nevi'im asked Hashem – why do bad things happen to good people and good things happen to bad people? This question stood out in a very obvious way in Yaakov Avinu's life. He was the יושב אוהלים , he learned Torah all day, he was a Tzaddik in every aspect of the word, while his twin brother Esav was just the opposite. He was a rasha who lived by his own rules. Yet it was Esav who seemed to always get all the good while Yaakov was always suffering through hardships. Nobody ever pursued Esav. When he wanted to get married, it was very simple for him. When he wanted to take additional wives, it was also easy. He didn't have to work for any of them. He didn't have a father-in-law who swindled him. He had 400 servants, sheep, cattle, donkeys, camels. He had everything he could possibly want, and he had all the time in the world to do whatever he wanted. He relaxed, he hunted and enjoyed himself. And all this while Esav never got any guarantees from Hashem that Hashem would help him and he didn't get that special beracha from his father Yitzchak either, Yet everything always worked out so perfectly for him. By contrast, Yaakov was told by Hashem הנה אנכי עמך ושמרתיך בכל אשר תלך – Hashem told him He would be with him, He would protect him wherever he goes, he got the beracha from Yitzchak that he would get all of his parnasa easily. Yet, he had to work so hard for every piece of bread that he ate. While Esav was “living it up”, Yaakov was out shepherding the sheep by the heat of the day and the cold of the night. Twenty years of hard work by a father-in-law who tried to swindle him day after day. Yaakov was 77 and still not married. And then he worked for seven years to finally marry Rachel and then Lavan switched her for Leah without Yaakov realizing. And then Yaakov had to work an additional seven years for Rachel. People complain that their in-laws don't give them money, here Yaakov's in-laws were trying to steal his money. How many times could Yaakov have asked that question: I'm so good, why do I have such a hard life while my brother Esav is so bad and he has everything so easy? But Yaakov never asked that question even once. And this, says the Be'er Yosef, was Yaakov's big test. Yaakov understood that everything that happened to him was for the best reasons because Hashem was the One who was behind it all. He was never jealous of Esav. When Esav told him he had a lot, Yaakov told him he had everything, because a ba'al emunah knows he has exactly what he needs to do his job in this world properly. Everyone has a different mission. What one person needs to do his mission has absolutely nothing to do with what the other person needs to do his. Yaakov had this test day in and day out, and he became so great from trusting in Hashem. There are many times in life when people are in similar circumstances, and they could easily question Hashem asking Him, why does the other person have it so easy when he seems to be less religious than him and he has it so hard. But if instead of feeling bad and complaining, these people can strengthen their emunah that everything has been so carefully planned for their benefit and things are exactly the way they are supposed to be and they accept it with love and they continue serving Hashem with that emunah, that will make them so great and enable them to earn eternal rewards for those efforts.
The Gemara in Masechet Berachot daf 20 says the earlier generations merited to have miracles done for them because of the great self-sacrifice which they put forth in their service to Hashem. The harder it is to do something, the more valuable it becomes. It says in Tehillim perek 44 כי עליך הורגנו כל היום - which Rabbi Yehuda HaChassid interpreted David HaMelech to be saying, we do the mitzvot even though at times we may suffer humiliation as a result, which is considered as if we are sacrificing our lives. And following that statement, David HaMelech then requested קומה עזרתה לנו – please arise Hashem and help us now. Because David HaMelech knows mesirut nefesh elicits extra help from Hashem. When it's hard for a person to do any type of avodat Hashem, he should look at it as a great opportunity to soar to spiritual heights and gain so much more than he would have had it been easy for him. There are times when people are very upset about what is happening in their lives, and they don't want to pick up a siddur and pray to Hashem. They must realize, at those times, they could accomplish the most with their tefilot because it's so hard to do. When someone who wants to turn away from Hashem overcomes his feelings and gets even closer to Him, that is mesirut nefesh on the highest level and that can produce miracles. Any mitzvah which requires a great deal of strength to accomplish becomes so much more valuable. I read a story in the Machon Shaar HaBitachon that was told by Rav Tzvi and this is what he said: Exactly three years ago, our life came to a standstill. My daughter, a young mother of three, was diagnosed with cancer and we went to war battling for her life. The entire family rallied to help and we, her parents, did everything we could possibly do. At one point, my wife traveled with my daughter to the U.S. for a surgery that could potentially save her life. The morning after they set out, I was sitting in shul when I heard a simple, hardworking man tell his friend how his feelings were so hurt the previous day when an acquaintance of his shamed him terribly. He was so hurt that he announced, “I will never forgive that man. Never!” I suddenly recalled the immense power of forgiveness, how people who forgive others are called beloved to Hashem. So I went over to that man and I said, “My daughter traveled yesterday to the United States for a surgery that we are hoping will save her life. You have power in your hands now, you could save her life. Please, please forgive that man. Please do it for my daughter.” The man looked at me. “I hear what you're saying,” he said, “it's a very painful situation, but what could I do? My feelings were hurt so terribly. It's impossible for me to forgive him. My heart is bleeding, please understand.” “You don't have to forgive him on the spot,” I told him, “I understand you went through a horrible experience. I can't even begin to place myself in your shoes. But please, I beg you to at least think about it. You now have a chance to save a young Jewish woman's life. Perhaps you could rethink it and let me know.” Five minutes later, the man came back and said, “Okay, I decided I'm going to forgive him. He then called two other people over as witnesses and he said, “I forgive that person with all my heart and soul. In the merit of my forgiving, may this man's daughter become completely healed.” He then said out her full Hebrew name and I thanked him profusely. The operation went better than expected. Baruch Hashem, my dear daughter was completely cured and a few months ago, against all of the doctors' predictions, she gave birth to healthy twins. הודו לה' כי טוב כי לעולם חסדו. When I told that man about what had transpired, he said to me, “I invested all of my emotional stamina to forgive that person and, believe me, even though it was so hard to do, it was well worth it. Look what I got in return.” When something is very hard and requires a lot of mesirut nefesh , instead of turning the other way, we should view it as our opportunity to shine and earn unimaginable rewards.
In this week's parsha, Rashi explains how the lives of tzadikim, beloved to Hashem, are described in detail in the Torah. This is in contrast to reshaim like Eisav whose lives are not dwelled upon. Rashi compares the reshaim to ‘rocks', something that is discarded when searching for a gem in the sand. The implication is that a life of evil is as worthless as a rock. What is the value of a human life? Although the chemical composition of man is worth little more than $980, in the Torah's eyes, a life is invaluable. But are we living our best life? How we can we ensure we're not ‘living like a rock', going through the motions of life but not adding anything of lasting value? Our potential in ruchnius is unlimited. We are neshamos with infinite potential. This shmuz gives us the focus we need to ensure our actions are purposeful and our lives are ones of meaning.
Powerful thought of Reb levi Yitzchok of berditchev on why the angel that struggled with Yaakov had to say Shira -song to Hashem - exactly at that moment
Yaakov Avinu left the home of Lavan, a very wealthy man. And although, when he was talking to Lavan about his work, he described how much effort he put in and how hard he worked for him, that was not because Yaakov believed he needed all that effort to earn his wealth. But rather, since he was working for someone else, he was telling Lavan how faithful he was to him as an employee. In this week's parasha, Vayishlach, when Yaakov told Esav about how he earned all that he had, he said, כי חנני אלוקים which means Hashem gave him everything as a מתנת חינם, a free gift. He said “Hashem graciously gave to me everything that I have as an undeserved gift.” This is the attitude we are supposed to have regarding all of our possessions and money, no matter what we think we did to earn them. Everything we have was given to us by Hashem as an undeserved gift. How do we know if we really believe that? One way we could tell is during the times when we aren't getting what we want, or what we're praying for. If we honestly believe that we don't deserve anything, then we won't say, “Why isn't Hashem giving me; aren't I so good?” Rather, we would say, “Hashem You have given me so much until now, even though I didn't deserve it. Must be, You know now that what I'm asking for will not be good for me at the moment, and that's why You're not giving it to me. If I would make an accounting to see if I deserved what you have already given me, I would see that I'm very heavily in the red.” This was the attitude of Yaakov. He was returning to Israel with a promise from Hashem, that He would protect him from any harm. Yaakov felt the words of that promise to his core, as it says, וישא יעקב רגליו after Hashem told that to him, he was so happy. He was walking as if he was floating. Every step was so easily taken. He also had an additional promise from Hashem שוב אל ארץ אבותיך ולמולדתך ואהיה עימך-Hashem told him he would be with him as he traveled back home. But then, when Yaakov was told that Esav was coming with 400 men, he became afraid. The mefarshim ask, “What could Yaakov possibly be afraid of? First of all, he had a guarantee from Hashem for protection. Second of all, Yaakov had already defeated the Kings of Canaan with an army made up of just his children. The surrounding nations were all terrified of him as the pasuk testifies. When there was a boulder on top of a well that normally required many men to remove, Yaakov flipped it off effortlessly, as if taking off a bottle cap. Why was he afraid now of Esav? Chazal tell us, Yaakov knew everything happens only by what Hashem determines. It doesn't matter how strong a person is or how much people fear him. Yaakov also knew the damage of what sin could cause and he felt, perhaps, he may have done something wrong, which would warrant him being harmed by Esav. Sin can cause guarantees from Hashem to be taken away. Even though Yaakov was one of the greatest tzaddikim who ever lived, he honestly felt that perhaps his actions may have caused him to be undeserving of a promise that Hashem had already made him. This was the level that Yaakov reached. He truly felt that he never deserved anything. We should always pray to Hashem to give us what we want, but we must realize we definitely don't deserve it. And if Hashem decides it's better for us not to have it, we should never complain. We should thank Him for what He has given us already and for doing for us now what we need for our best. Shabbat Shalom
This class was given to the Kinyan Masechtah Chaburah in Congregation Ohr HaTorah and the Phoenix Community Kollel at the PJCC. We discuss the opinion of the Ra'avad that the statement of the Talmud is understood literally. Hashem has 3 Keys; rain, birth, and Resurrection. That is to say that they are never given out.
The 5th Daf of Taanit!!!! תענית ו - Yasher Koiach to anyone who came to shiur live or listened!! "What do we thank Hashem for? EVERY drop of rain." Why should people learn Daf Yomi? https://forms.gle/6dpQqdLRAqRvu5bQ9 Let's spread the Daf Yomi movement to the whole world (calling all kids!!) Tell your friends about it!! Send them my info!! Questions, comments, concerns, Refuot, Yartzheits, or anything else you can reach me at Dafwithcharlie@gmail.com --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/daf-charlie/message
00:00 Are stained glass windows chukas hagoyim? 1:17 If one of the reason of separation of a married couple each month during niddah is to create renewal, can this be applied to chavrusas of kollel? 7:25 How can someone be forgiven for all his sins with Shabbos? Why is Yom Kippur special then? 10:08 How does one counter the simple interpretation of Torah's (seeming) incivility covered over by rabbinic analysis as an argument to Oral Torah? 15:28 How did the chet haegel happen when am yisroel was on such a madrega? 22:39 What kavana should one have during bircas kohanim? 27:27 Why are the kohanim and levi'im part of the mashmados if they're part of mishmaros? 34:33 What is the history behind Jewish Romanian gypsies 35:58 What is the history of Onkelos, and why is his Targum preferred over Targum Yonasan? 46:00 Why are cusim considered like Jews for zimun but not for sukka? What is their history? 55:49 Outside of the chiyuv in meiser, to what extent do we have to always give tzedakah? 58:58 Before Shacharis, what is one allowed to do?—Shower? Exercise? 1:00:56 How do we understand the actions of Yael with respect to sleeping with Sisra? 1:07:26 (Followup) How could Yael even kill Sisra if the army was routed? 1:08:51 What modern Avodah Zara do we have? 1:15:56 What is the misunderstanding of bats laying eggs? 1:20:45 What is the dreidel? 1:21:50 Why does the Torah say ayin tachas ayin if it doesn't literally mean it? 1:24:10 Does one need to honor his parents if those parents don't deserve it? 1:25:26 How was Yaakov avinu allowed to hug/kiss Rochel before marriage? 1:30:08 What does it mean for HaShem to ‘remember' someone? 1:31:20 With kashrus, does the rule around not being able to taste a food apply to lab-generated foods? 1:33:54 What happened to all the avdei kanaanim? 1:36:40 Why is there a machlokes as to whether kedusha left after the chorban? Comments? Feedback? Would you like to sponsor an episode? A series? We'd love to hear from you : firstname.lastname@example.org https://podcasts.ohr.edu/ Visit us @ ohr.edu ! Produced by:
Everybody has needs and wants.Some are big and some are small, some get fulfilled and some don't. Our job is, while we are trying to obtain what we want, to go through the motions the way Hashem wants us to , recognizing that He is in charge, asking Him for help, accepting when things don't go the way we want and realizing that no matter what the circumstances seem to be, Hashem could always help. We love getting happy endings and we always hope for them, but even if things don't turn out the way we hoped, if we did our hishtadlut with emunah, we are automatically successful and we will be eternally rewarded for it. Every thought of emunah is precious. A woman told me, two of her relatives passed away in the last couple of years and both were buried on Har HaMenuchot. She really wanted to go and visit their graves but since Covid began, it was difficult for her to get into Israel. A few months ago, her husband's brother made aliyah and so they were able to apply for entry as blood relatives. As of November 1, there were new regulations, but the entry way in which they were already using seemed to be like the better option to them. But then, many glitches took place, and each time they said Gam zu l'tova – Hashem is doing what's best for us. Everyone kept telling them, “We feel so bad, it doesn't look like you're going to be able to go.” But they kept saying, “Whatever Hashem wants will happen.” They purchased airline tickets for Wednesday night, November 3, but later on they were rejected because the new laws were overriding the old laws and they didn't have their booster shots so they couldn't get approved. They tried asking others to intercede on their behalf but nothing was working. They kept praying, recognizing Hashem was in charge and willing to accept whatever He would say. Came Wednesday morning and they were still hoping to somehow go that night. Her husband called her saying he tried his last connection but it didn't look like this person would be able to help them. She hung up the phone a bit down, but then she stopped herself and said, “If this is what Hashem wants then it's fine, but I know nothing is ever too difficult for Him and there is still time left. If Hashem wants us to go, we will go tonight.” She began saying Tehillim with great fervor. Five minutes later, a friend of hers called saying, the organization Chaim V'Chesed just sent out an update that people who are having trouble getting into Israel because of the new rules could contact them for help to get around them. She called her husband back and said, “ Yeshuat Hashem k'heref ayin. ” That was at 1:30 pm. They were then able to get the tickets for that night's flight and baruch Hashem they were on the plane on their way to Israel at 9:00 that night. This woman had a need, she went through the process of obtaining it with emunah the entire time and so no matter what ended up happening, she would have been considered successful. Another woman told me that due to Covid, her husband has not been able to visit his elderly mother in Israel for two years. Now, with the release of the restrictions, he knew he had to go, but it was going to be a struggle for him financially and the thought of spending all that money seemed prohibitive. The need to go see his mother began weighing upon him even more heavily when her situation became more precarious. He decided that money or no money, he must go. He was thinking he would sell some silver to fund the ticket. He also knew he had a debt that was coming due and it would be due when he was away so he went and borrowed money from a friend to pay back the gemach that he borrowed from. When he arrived, the gemach director took the money from him and marked the loan paid up. Then he said, “I have an envelope for you too. Just today someone came in and gave me money asking me to give it to someone who I think is worthy of it. Now that I see you, I decided you are the one who should get it.” The man opened the envelope and saw it was enough money to cover his plane ticket. Hashem gave him exactly what he needed, right when he needed it. Hashem could help us with big needs and small needs. The main thing is for us to go through the process of trying to obtain them with full emunah.
With family: 1 Chronicles 11–12; Hebrews 13 1 Chronicles 11–12 (Listen) David Anointed King 11 Then all Israel gathered together to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. 2 In times past, even when Saul was king, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the LORD your God said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over my people Israel.'” 3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel. David Takes Jerusalem 4 And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. 5 The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You will not come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David. 6 David said, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief. 7 And David lived in the stronghold; therefore it was called the city of David. 8 And he built the city all around from the Millo in complete circuit, and Joab repaired the rest of the city. 9 And David became greater and greater, for the LORD of hosts was with him. David's Mighty Men 10 Now these are the chiefs of David's mighty men, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. 11 This is an account of David's mighty men: Jashobeam, a Hachmonite, was chief of the three.1 He wielded his spear against 300 whom he killed at one time. 12 And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite. 13 He was with David at Pas-dammim when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. There was a plot of ground full of barley, and the men fled from the Philistines. 14 But he took his2 stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and killed the Philistines. And the LORD saved them by a great victory. 15 Three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David at the cave of Adullam, when the army of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 16 David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. 17 And David said longingly, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!” 18 Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. But David would not drink it. He poured it out to the LORD 19 and said, “Far be it from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the lifeblood of these men? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men. 20 Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief of the thirty.3 And he wielded his spear against 300 men and killed them and won a name beside the three. 21 He was the most renowned4 of the thirty5 and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three. 22 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man6 of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two heroes of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. 23 And he struck down an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits7 tall. The Egyptian had in his hand a spear like a weaver's beam, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear. 24 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and won a name beside the three mighty men. 25 He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard. 26 The mighty men were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 27 Shammoth of Harod,8 Helez the Pelonite, 28 Ira the son of Ikkesh of Tekoa, Abiezer of Anathoth, 29 Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, 30 Maharai of Netophah, Heled the son of Baanah of Netophah, 31 Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah of Pirathon, 32 Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, 33 Azmaveth of Baharum, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, 34 Hashem9 the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite, 35 Ahiam the son of Sachar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, 36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, 37 Hezro of Carmel, Naarai the son of Ezbai, 38 Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, 39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 41 Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, 42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, 43 Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, 44 Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite, 45 Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite, 46 Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, 47 Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite. The Mighty Men Join David 12 Now these are the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he could not move about freely because of Saul the son of Kish. And they were among the mighty men who helped him in war. 2 They were bowmen and could shoot arrows and sling stones with either the right or the left hand; they were Benjaminites, Saul's kinsmen. 3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, both sons of Shemaah of Gibeah; also Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; Beracah, Jehu of Anathoth, 4 Ishmaiah of Gibeon, a mighty man among the thirty and a leader over the thirty; Jeremiah,10 Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad of Gederah, 5 Eluzai,11 Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite; 6 Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites; 7 And Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor. 8 From the Gadites there went over to David at the stronghold in the wilderness mighty and experienced warriors, expert with shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions and who were swift as gazelles upon the mountains: 9 Ezer the chief, Obadiah second, Eliab third, 10 Mishmannah fourth, Jeremiah fifth, 11 Attai sixth, Eliel seventh, 12 Johanan eighth, Elzabad ninth, 13 Jeremiah tenth, Machbannai eleventh. 14 These Gadites were officers of the army; the least was a match for a hundred men and the greatest for a thousand. 15 These are the men who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it was overflowing all its banks, and put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west. 16 And some of the men of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David. 17 David went out to meet them and said to them, “If you have come to me in friendship to help me, my heart will be joined to you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, although there is no wrong in my hands, then may the God of our fathers see and rebuke you.” 18 Then the Spirit clothed Amasai, chief of the thirty, and he said, “We are yours, O David, and with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers! For your God helps you.” Then David received them and made them officers of his troops. 19 Some of the men of Manasseh deserted to David when he came with the Philistines for the battle against Saul. (Yet he did not help them, for the rulers of the Philistines took counsel and sent him away, saying, “At peril to our heads he will desert to his master Saul.”) 20 As he went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh deserted to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh. 21 They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and were commanders in the army. 22 For from day to day men came to David to help him, until there was a great army, like an army of God. 23 These are the numbers of the divisions of the armed troops who came to David in Hebron to turn the kingdom of Saul over to him, according to the word of the LORD. 24 The men of Judah bearing shield and spear were 6,800 armed troops. 25 Of the Simeonites, mighty men of valor for war, 7,100. 26 Of the Levites 4,600. 27 The prince Jehoiada, of the house of Aaron, and with him 3,700. 28 Zadok, a young man mighty in valor, and twenty-two commanders from his own fathers' house. 29 Of the Benjaminites, the kinsmen of Saul, 3,000, of whom the majority had to that point kept their allegiance to the house of Saul. 30 Of the Ephraimites 20,800, mighty men of valor, famous men in their fathers' houses. 31 Of the half-tribe of Manasseh 18,000, who were expressly named to come and make David king. 32 Of Issachar, men who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, 200 chiefs, and all their kinsmen under their command. 33 Of Zebulun 50,000 seasoned troops, equipped for battle with all the weapons of war, to help David12 with singleness of purpose. 34 Of Naphtali 1,000 commanders with whom were 37,000 men armed with shield and spear. 35 Of the Danites 28,600 men equipped for battle. 36 Of Asher 40,000 seasoned troops ready for battle. 37 Of the Reubenites and Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh from beyond the Jordan, 120,000 men armed with all the weapons of war. 38 All these, men of war, arrayed in battle order, came to Hebron with a whole heart to make David king over all Israel. Likewise, all the rest of Israel were of a single mind to make David king. 39 And they were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, for their brothers had made preparation for them. 40 And also their relatives, from as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came bringing food on donkeys and on camels and on mules and on oxen, abundant provisions of flour, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, and wine and oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel. Footnotes  11:11 Compare 2 Samuel 23:8; Hebrew thirty, or captains  11:14 Compare 2 Samuel 23:12; Hebrew they . . . their  11:20 Syriac; Hebrew three  11:21 Compare 2 Samuel 23:19; Hebrew more renowned among the two  11:21 Syriac; Hebrew three  11:22 Syriac; Hebrew the son of a valiant man  11:23 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters  11:27 Compare 2 Samuel 23:25; Hebrew the Harorite  11:34 Compare Septuagint and 2 Samuel 23:32; Hebrew the sons of Hashem  12:4 Hebrew verse 5  12:5 Hebrew verse 6  12:33 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks David (ESV) Hebrews 13 (Listen) Sacrifices Pleasing to God 13 Let brotherly love continue. 2 Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. 5 Keep your life free from love of money, and be content with what you have, for he has said, “I will never leave you nor forsake you.” 6 So we can confidently say, “The Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?” 7 Remember your leaders, those who spoke to you the word of God. Consider the outcome of their way of life, and imitate their faith. 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. 9 Do not be led away by diverse and strange teachings, for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, which have not benefited those devoted to them. 10 We have an altar from which those who serve the tent1 have no right to eat. 11 For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the holy places by the high priest as a sacrifice for sin are burned outside the camp. 12 So Jesus also suffered outside the gate in order to sanctify the people through his own blood. 13 Therefore let us go to him outside the camp and bear the reproach he endured. 14 For here we have no lasting city, but we seek the city that is to come. 15 Through him then let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that acknowledge his name. 16 Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God. 17 Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls, as those who will have to give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with groaning, for that would be of no advantage to you. 18 Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things. 19 I urge you the more earnestly to do this in order that I may be restored to you the sooner. Benediction 20 Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, 21 equip you with everything good that you may do his will, working in us2 that which is pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen. Final Greetings 22 I appeal to you, brothers,3 bear with my word of exhortation, for I have written to you briefly. 23 You should know that our brother Timothy has been released, with whom I shall see you if he comes soon. 24 Greet all your leaders and all the saints. Those who come from Italy send you greetings. 25 Grace be with all of you. Footnotes  13:10 Or tabernacle  13:21 Some manuscripts you  13:22 Or brothers and sisters (ESV) In private: Amos 7; Luke 2 Amos 7 (Listen) Warning Visions 7 This is what the Lord GOD showed me: behold, he was forming locusts when the latter growth was just beginning to sprout, and behold, it was the latter growth after the king's mowings. 2 When they had finished eating the grass of the land, I said, “O Lord GOD, please forgive! How can Jacob stand? He is so small!”3 The LORD relented concerning this: “It shall not be,” said the LORD. 4 This is what the Lord GOD showed me: behold, the Lord GOD was calling for a judgment by fire, and it devoured the great deep and was eating up the land. 5 Then I said, “O Lord GOD, please cease! How can Jacob stand? He is so small!”6 The LORD relented concerning this: “This also shall not be,” said the Lord GOD. 7 This is what he showed me: behold, the Lord was standing beside a wall built with a plumb line, with a plumb line in his hand. 8 And the LORD said to me, “Amos, what do you see?” And I said, “A plumb line.” Then the Lord said, “Behold, I am setting a plumb line in the midst of my people Israel; I will never again pass by them;9 the high places of Isaac shall be made desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste, and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.” Amos Accused 10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, “Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land is not able to bear all his words. 11 For thus Amos has said, “‘Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel must go into exile away from his land.'” 12 And Amaziah said to Amos, “O seer, go, flee away to the land of Judah, and eat bread there, and prophesy there, 13 but never again prophesy at Bethel, for it is the king's sanctuary, and it is a temple of the kingdom.” 14 Then Amos answered and said to Amaziah, “I was1 no prophet, nor a prophet's son, but I was a herdsman and a dresser of sycamore figs. 15 But the LORD took me from following the flock, and the LORD said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel.' 16 Now therefore hear the word of the LORD. “You say, ‘Do not prophesy against Israel, and do not preach against the house of Isaac.' 17 Therefore thus says the LORD: “‘Your wife shall be a prostitute in the city, and your sons and your daughters shall fall by the sword, and your land shall be divided up with a measuring line; you yourself shall die in an unclean land, and Israel shall surely go into exile away from its land.'” Footnotes  7:14 Or am; twice in this verse (ESV) Luke 2 (Listen) The Birth of Jesus Christ 2 In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. 2 This was the first registration when1 Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3 And all went to be registered, each to his own town. 4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, 5 to be registered with Mary, his betrothed,2 who was with child. 6 And while they were there, the time came for her to give birth. 7 And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in swaddling cloths and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.3 The Shepherds and the Angels 8 And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with great fear. 10 And the angel said to them, “Fear not, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling cloths and lying in a manger.” 13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, 14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased!”4 15 When the angels went away from them into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16 And they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby lying in a manger. 17 And when they saw it, they made known the saying that had been told them concerning this child. 18 And all who heard it wondered at what the shepherds told them. 19 But Mary treasured up all these things, pondering them in her heart. 20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen, as it had been told them. 21 And at the end of eight days, when he was circumcised, he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb. Jesus Presented at the Temple 22 And when the time came for their purification according to the Law of Moses, they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every male who first opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”) 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the Law of the Lord, “a pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.” 25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ. 27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple, and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him according to the custom of the Law, 28 he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said, 29 “Lord, now you are letting your servant5 depart in peace, according to your word;30 for my eyes have seen your salvation31 that you have prepared in the presence of all peoples,32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to your people Israel.” 33 And his father and his mother marveled at what was said about him. 34 And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, “Behold, this child is appointed for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign that is opposed 35 (and a sword will pierce through your own soul also), so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.” 36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years, having lived with her husband seven years from when she was a virgin, 37 and then as a widow until she was eighty-four.6 She did not depart from the temple, worshiping with fasting and prayer night and day. 38 And coming up at that very hour she began to give thanks to God and to speak of him to all who were w
The Chovot HaLevavot in the Shaar HaBitachon teaches us the attitude of the bote'ach b'Hashem when it comes to his money. If Hashem blessed him with wealth, he doesn't think of himself to be anything more than a holder of Hashem's money. It's as if he was given someone else's money to use for a certain amount of time with instructions on how to use it. He doesn't feel security from the money and he doesn't feel the slightest bit of haughtiness from the money. He feels as if he is just a borrower. He doesn't let up in any area of spirituality. He knows he needs Hashem every moment and has nothing without Him. There is a potential pitfall that may come with money, namely, feeling arrogant or better than others or feeling that we don't need Hashem anymore, chas v'shalom . The bote'ach b'Hashem does not fall prey to those negative attitudes. If anything, he feels just the opposite, he feels so humbled that Hashem is being so kind to him and he cries tears of thank you at every tefila, expressing his hakarat tov to Hashem. He never expects any thank yous or any recognition for any money he donates. Rather he thanks Hashem for giving him the zechut to give out His money and acquire eternity as a result. He knows the less recognition he gets from it, the better the mitzvah is. Furthermore, he honestly believes he doesn't deserve any recognition because he views himself as just a treasurer. The Chovot HaLevavot continues, if the bote'ach b'Hashem would lose his wealth, he would not become worried or anguished because of it. He would not look to see that it happens to other people. Rather, he would thank Hashem as it leaves him the same way he thanked Him when it came. How is that possible? Since from the inception he internalized that the money was not his, he was just borrowing it. A borrower doesn't get upset when he has to give back an object that he borrowed. In fact, it's incumbent upon the borrower to show even more hakarat hatov when he gives the object back then when he took it in the first place. Imagine a person comes over to a poor man and tells him he wants to help him out for an undecided amount of time. He then brings this poor man and his family to a mansion in a great neighborhood and tells him, “You can live here free of charge until I need it back.” The poor man lives there year after year, enjoying himself along with his family. With each year that passes, he becomes indebted even more to that man who is helping him. Then, after ten years, the person comes and tells the poor man he needs to take the house back, his son just got married and he is going to give it to him. Is the poor man going to be angry at him and say, “How dare you take this house back from me! This is my house! How could you do that?” Of course not. He will tell that person how much he appreciated living there for free for all of those years. He'll praise him for his generosity and tell him how much he and his family have benefited fromit. This is exactly how the bote'ach b'Hashem reacts when he loses money. He thanks Hashem for all the years He allowed him to be His treasurer. He tells Hashem how much he benefited from the money and how much he owes Him. He also knows that Hashem will continue taking care of him, only this time the scenery will be a little bit different. He knows Hashem is doing it for his benefit because it is what he needs to become successful with his time in this world. He'll only get stronger in his commitments to Torah and mitzvot and he'll continue living life happily the way he is supposed to. Bitachon in Hashem is truly a wondrous avodah.
Synopsis: This morning we attempt to understand Marcus Aurelius's nonchalant statement about how easy it is to instantly attain inner peace, which is reminiscent of Moshe Rabbeinu's nonchalant statement about how easy it is to fear Hashem. The question that prompted this episode is the question in the title: is it really THAT easy?This week's Torah content has been sponsored by Shirley, and since she didn't specify a dedicatory message, then I'm going to dedicate this to the entire Sinclair family - Shirley, David, and Ken.Related Rabbi Schneeweiss Content: - Happy Being Happy (Seneca: Consolation of Helvia 5)- The Habit of Hating Handshakes (Epictetus – Discourses 3:12) Sources:- Aurelius, Meditations 5:1- Devarim 10:12-13- Talmud Bavli Berachos 33b- Epictetus, Enchiridion (The Handbook) Chapter 5- Tara Brach, Trusting the Gold: Uncovering Your Natural Goodness- Epictetus, Discourses 2:18----------If you have questions, comments, or feedback, I would love to hear from you! Please feel free to contact me at rabbischneeweiss at gmail.----------If you've gained from what you've learned here, please consider contributing to my Patreon at www.patreon.com/rabbischneeweiss. Alternatively, if you would like to make a direct contribution to the "Rabbi Schneeweiss Torah Content Fund," my Venmo is @Matt-Schneeweiss, and my Zelle/Chase QuickPay and PayPal are mattschneeweiss at gmail.com. Even a small contribution goes a long way to covering the costs of my podcasts, and will provide me with the financial freedom to produce even more Torah content for you.If you would like to sponsor an article, shiur, or podcast episode, or if you are interested in enlisting my services as a teacher or tutor, you can reach me at rabbischneeweiss at gmail.com. Thank you to my listeners for listening, thank you to my readers for reading, and thank you to my supporters for supporting my efforts to make Torah ideas available and accessible to everyone.----------YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/rabbischneeweissBlog: https://kolhaseridim.blogspot.com/"The Mishlei Podcast": https://mishlei.buzzsprout.com"The Stoic Jew" Podcast: https://thestoicjew.buzzsprout.com"Rambam Bekius" Podcast: https://rambambekius.buzzsprout.com"Machshavah Lab" Podcast: https://machshavahlab.buzzsprout.com"The Tefilah Podcast": https://tefilah.buzzsprout.comGuide to the Torah Content of Rabbi Matt Schneeweiss: Support the show (https://www.patreon.com/rabbischneeweiss)
Roy S. Neuberger has had an improbable, event-filled life. He has been a National Park Service Ranger and Fire Lookout, a New York City official, a journalist and newspaper publisher, a yeshiva administrator, a hedge-fund operator and also an author and speaker. He was raised on Manhattan's Fifth Avenue in an affluent family with no connection to its Jewish background. The story of his spiritual journey is detailed in his best-selling book, From Central Park to Sinai: How I Found My Jewish Soul. Roy met his wife, the former Linda Villency, in high school. She is his editor and speaking partner. They have children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren in the U. S. and Israel. Their story of how they found Hashem is beautiful. Roy can be reached at: email@example.com You can find their book at www.2020vision.co.il Episode Powered by: AMR Pharmacy WATCH episodes on YouTube (uploaded on Tuesdays)