Contestants: Daryl Sng, Dargan Ware, Anthony GarinoBrain work ahead? Uh, yeah, I sure hope it does! Learn about snarky YouTubers, resilient Czechs, murderous Mannerist madrigalists, Freudian chessmasters, poetry-writing Ouija boards, gentleman safecrackers, and technical fouls galore in this installment of RECREATIONAL THINKING so full of meaty twists and turns that one contestant's mother's cousin's husband would feel right at home! (That will make sense once you've listened to the episode, I promise.) We run a true gamut here: Poetry, college basketball, classical music, chess, tennis, and the great nation of Singapore are all on the menu. Oh, and speaking of menus ... is Pepsi okay? It sure is!Like what you hear? Consider donating via PayPal or Patreon, and remember to leave a review and/or rating on iTunes!
Synopsis On today's date in 1868, the Czech composer Bedrich Smetana helped lay the foundation stone for Prague's future National Theatre. As the stone was driven into the soil with a ceremonial mallet, Smetana exclaimed, “In music is the life of the Czechs!” That same evening at Prague's New Town Theatre Smetana conducted the premiere performance of his new opera “Dalibor.” It's worthy of note that one of the players in the orchestra was a 26-year old violist and fellow composer named Antonin Dvorak. The subject matter of “Dalibor” seemed theatrically apt for the occasion: a Czech legend about a rebellious 15th century knight imprisoned for supporting a peasant uprising. During his imprisonment, according to the legend, Dalibor learned to play the violin so beautifully that people came to listen to him outside the window of the Prague Castle tower in which he was held. Thirteen years after the premiere of “Dalibor,” the National Theatre opened on June 11, 1881. For that gala occasion, another Smetana opera, “Libuse,” received its premiere performance. Sadly, by that time Smetana was completely deaf, mentally ailing, and desperately poor. To add insult to injury, the directors of the new theater had neglected to invite him to the gala premiere of his own opera! Despite the inexcusable snub, Smetana found his way into the theater, and, when called on the stage and recognized by the audience, was acknowledged with thunderous applause. Music Played in Today's Program Bedrich Smetana — Act I Prelude and opening chorus,. fr "Dalibor" (Prague National Theatre Orchestra and Chorus; Zdenek Kosler, cond.) Supraphon SU0077-2 632
Odcinek o historii Ukrainy. Oczywiście nie da się 1000 lat historii omówić dokładnie w 15 minut. Tak więc jest to skrótowa historia dla dzieci. Jest tutaj dużo skrótów myślowych i uproszczeń.Prawdopodobnie wiecie, że 24 lutego 2022 roku Rosja napadła na Ukrainę. Prezydent Rosji Władimir Władimirowicz Putin twierdzi, że Ukraina powinna należeć do Rosji. Dlaczego tak twierdzi? Putin przypomina, że kiedyś Ukraina była częścią Rosji. On uważa, że dziś też tak powinno być. Czy może tak twierdzić?Zacznijmy od tego, że teren dzisiejszej Ukrainy to teren, który należał do wielu narodów. Kto mieszkał i kto rządził na terenie dzisiejszej Ukrainy?Jeżeli znacie mapę Europy to prawdopodobnie wiecie, że Bułgaria jest na dole Europy. Bułgaria dzisiaj znajduje się obok Grecji i Turcji. Jednak kiedyś Bułgarzy mieszkali na terenie dzisiejszej Ukrainy. Później na teren Ukrainy przyszli Chazarowie i wygonili Bułgarów, ci poszli dalej i zawędrowali w końcu tam gdzie dzisiaj jest Bułgaria. Chazarowie mieszkali na terenie dzisiejszej Ukrainy dość długo, a na północy od nich mieszkali Słowianie. Czy wiecie kim są Słowianie?Słowianie to ludzie, którzy mówią językami słowiańskimi takimi jak polski, czeski, rosyjski, ukraiński, bułgarski itd. Ludzie ci mieszkają głównie na wschodzie Europy. Na jakie trzy grupy dzieli się Słowian?Są Słowianie zachodni, czyli Polacy, Czesi i Słowacy. Są Słowianie wschodni czyli Rosjanie, Ukraińcy i Białorusini. Są też Słowianie południowi czyli Bułgarzy, Chorwaci itd. Nie ma Słowian północnych.My dzisiaj zajmiemy się Słowianami wschodnimi czyli Rosjanami, Ukraińcami i Białorusinami. Dzisiaj mają oni swoje języki, ale jakim językiem się posługiwali tysiąc lat temu? Ci wschodni Słowianie to byli Rusini i mówili oni językiem ruskim. Czy język ruski to jest to samo co język rosyjski? Język ruski podzielił się na trzy języki, na język rosyjski, język ukraiński oraz język białoruski. Tak więc język ruski to jakby przodek tych współczesnych języków.Później z jeszcze dalszej północy przybyli Waregowie pod wodzą Ruryka. Byli to Wikingowie. Mieszkający tam Słowianie poprosili aby Ruryk został ich wodzem i razem przepędzili Chazarów. Ci Słowianie, których księciem był wiking Ruryk nazywali się Rusami.Prawdopodobnie znacie legendę o Lechu, Czechu i Rusie. Lech to Polak, Czech to oczywiście Czech, a Rus to właśnie ci Słowianie na wschodzie, czyli Rusowie pod wodzą wikingów. Chociaż to brzmi podobnie to ci Rusowie to nie jest to samo co Rosjanie. Rusini byli oni ważni dla historii Polski. Polscy władcy walczyli z Rusami, ale też handlowali z nimi, a także żenili się z ruskimi księżniczkami. Co się stało z tymi Rusami? Pomoże nam historia języka ruskiego. Na jakie języki podzielił się język Ruski?Rusowie podzielili się na kilka grup. Powstały z nich trzy narody: Rosjanie, Ukraińcy i Białorusini. W nazwie tego ostatniego narodu jest nawet słowo “Rusini”. Ruś podzieliła się na kilka Rusi, jedną z nich była Ruś Biała i właśnie z tej Rusi powstał dzisiejszy naród białoruski. Ruś Czerwona lub Ruś Halicka to dzisiejsza Ukraina.Rurykowiczowie to była dynastia, która długo rządziła na Rusi. Było w tej dynastii wielu władców. My dzisiaj zajmiemy się tylko czterema z nich. Będziemy mówić o Ruryku, Włodzimierzu Wielkim, Jarosławie Mądrym oraz o Iwanie Groźnym.Co zrobił Ruryk? Ruryk był wikingiem, ale został wodzem Słowian wschodnich czyli Rusinów. Od jego imienia Ruryk pochodzi nazwa dynastii Rurykowiczów. Tak samo jak od Piasta pochodzi nazwa dynastii piastowskiej, albo od Jagiełły nazwa dynastii Jagiellonów. Wnukiem Ryryka I był Włodzimierz. Co zrobił Włodziemierz I Wielki? Czy się różnił chrzest Polski od tego chrztu Rusi? Mieszko przyjął religię chrześcijańską z Rzymu, czyli katolicyzm. Włodzimierz przyjął chrześcijaństwo z Bizancjum, czyli prawosławie. Polacy przyjęli katolicyzm z Rzymu, a wraz z tą religią Polacy dostali literki łacińskie, które używamy do dzisiaj. Rusini przyjęli prawosławie z Bizancjum i wraz z tą religią dostali literki greckie, które troszeczkę zmienili i używają ich do dzisiaj.Synem Włodzimierza Wielkiego był Jarosław. Co zrobił Jarosław Mądry? Jarosław Mądry podzielił Ruś pomiędzy swoich synów. Na Rusi doszło do rozbicia dzielnicowego takiego samego jak w Polsce po śmierci Bolesława Krzywoustego.Te księstwa ruskie zostały podbite przez Mongołów. Gdy państwo Mongołów osłabło Ruś podbili Litwini. Na północy pojawiło się Państwo Moskiewskie czyli dzisiejsza Rosja. Władcą tego państwa był Iwan nazywany Groźnym. Iwan Groźny ogłosił się Carem Wszechrusi. On był tylko Wielkim Księciem Moskiewskim czyli rządził tylko w jednej części Rusi. On ogłosił się jednak Carem Wszechrusi, czyli twierdził, że jest władcą wszystkich Rusinów.Dzisiaj prezydent Rosji Putin twierdzi, że ma prawo przyłączyć Ukrainę do Rosji. Co o tym myślicie? Właśnie to samo twierdził Iwan Groźny. On twierdził, że jest Carem Wszechrusi. Podobnie dzisiaj Putin twierdzi, że Rosja, Białoruś i Ukraina muszą się połączyć, bo kiedyś były jednym państwem. A co wy o tym sądzicie?Ruś podzieliła się po śmierci Jarosława Mądrego. Później podbili ją Mongołowie, a gdy oni osłabli Ruś podbili Litwini. Czy wiecie w jakich językach pisali dokumenty Litwini? Litwini mieli swój język, ale to był tylko język mówiony. Gdy więc Litwini podbili Ruś nauczyli się pisać w języku ruskim i wszystkie dokumenty pisali po rusku. Później Litwa i Polska się połączyły i Litwini zaczęli pisać dokumenty po polsku, dopiero później zaczęli pisać po litewsku. Tak więc najstarsze dokumenty litewskie są pisane w języku ruskimJak wiecie Litwa i Polska się połączyły w Rzeczpospolitą Obojga Narodów. Litwa dała wtedy Polsce część Rusi. W ten sposób powstały kraje, które dzisiaj znamy. Ta część Rusi, którą rządził Iwan Groźny to jest dzisiejsza Rosja. Ta część Rusi, gdzie rządzili Litwini to jest dzisiejsza Białoruś, a ta część, która należała do Polski to jest dzisiejsza Ukraina.Kiedy Ukraina została przyłączona do Rosji? Podczas zaborów Rosjanie zabrali prawie całą Ukrainę i przyłączyli ją do Rosji. Wcześniej jednak wybuchło na Ukrainie powstanie Chmielnickiego i wschodnia część Ukrainy została przyłączona do Rosji trochę wcześniej, bo już po rozejmie andruszowskim.Tak więc podsumowując krótko historię Ukrainy. Byli tam Bułgarzy, potem Chazarowie, potem zamieszkali tam Słowianie, którymi rządzili Wikingowie. Potem ten teren zajęli Mongołowie czyli Złota Orda. Później teren dzisiejszej Ukrainy zdobyli Litwini, którzy nie mieli swojego pisma i zaczęli pisać w języku ruskim. Litwini połączyli się z Polakami i oddali teren dzisiejszej Ukrainy Polsce. Podczas powstania Chmielnickiego część Ukrainy oderwała się od Polski i potem stała się częścią Rosji. Rosja zabrała resztę Ukrainy podczas zaborów. Po pierwszej wojnie światowej Polacy walczyli z Ukraińcami o Lwów. Potem wybuchła wojna z Rosją, w jej wyniku połowę Ukrainy wzięła Rosja, a tą część, gdzie mieszkało wielu Polaków czyli np. Lwów przyłączono do Polski. Po II wojnie światowej Rosjanie zabrali całą Ukrainę. Ukraińcy dostali niepodległość w 1991 roku czyli 31 lat temu (nagrywamy to w 2022). Historia Ukrainy się jednak nie skończyła. Jak pewnie wiecie Rosjanie i ich prezydent Putin znowu chcą przyłączyć Ukrainę do Rosji.
Let's go to Polkafest on Memorial Day Weekend! In this episode Payton Matous joins the podcast to talk about the history and heritage of Czech Texans with a special focus on the National Polka Festival in Ennis. Make plans to visit Ennis, Texas in Memorial Day weekend this year and in the future for a great time. Payton is a talented musical artist and graces the show with two unreleased songs. His EP Prayers to a Lesser God was released on May 11, 2022 and the title track ends this episode. Follow him on Twitter: @payton_matous and listen to his music everywhere you listen to music. The National Polka Festival in Ennis, Texas The Texas History Lessons Theme song, Walking Through History, was written and recorded by Derrick McClendon. Listen to his new album, Interstate Daydreamer! Available everywhere you find good music. Thank you Derrick! Twitter: @dmclendonmusic If you are enjoying Texas History Lessons, consider buying me a cup of coffee by clicking here! Help make Texas History Lessons by supporting it on Patreon. And a special thanks to everyone that already does. Website: texashistorylessons.com email: firstname.lastname@example.org Twitter: @TexasHistoryL Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Listen as founder Jim Gabbe provides a brief overview of the latest CITIZENARTS podcast, the importance of the Czech experience to understanding what is happening – and could be to come – in Central and Eastern Europe given Russia's latest aggression, and introduces the distinguished panel assembled for Episode one. This discussion is made all the more relevant given the Czech Republic's appointment to the UN Human Rights Council, replacing Russia's membership that was suspended by the UN General Assembly on May 10, 2022.To download (and subscribe) to Liberty vs. Tyranny, please visit the links below or wherever you get your podcastsApple: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/liberty-vs-tyranny-czech-views-on-ukraine-freedom-and/id1622390719Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4VKEG7Mbe51nTIO1dSszk3Amazon: https://music.amazon.com/podcasts/b39edc50-1532-4d5f-b8da-b78126c07180/liberty-vs-tyranny-czech-views-on-ukraine-freedom-and-democracy-shaped-by-strife-with-russia?refMarker=null&Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/show/liberty-vs-tyranny-czech-views-on-ukraine-freedom-and-democracy-shaped-by-strife-with-russiaMore links are available at: https://www.citizenartscreative.org/libertyvstyrannyEPISODE NOTESLiberty vs. Tyranny: Czech Views on Ukraine, Freedom and Democracy Shaped by Strife with Russia is a production of CITIZENARTS https://www.citizenartscreative.orgMore about this podcast, including bios for our distinguished panel can be found at: https://www.citizenartscreative.org/libertyvstyrannyPlease subscribe via links on the Liberty vs. Tyranny page on the CITIZENARTS site at: https://www.citizenartscreative.org/libertyvstyrannyFor more about MARCH, CITIZENARTS's audio drama podcast, please visit: https://www.citizenartscreative.org/marchpodcastInformation about KAVE Footwear can be found at https://www.kavefootwear.com/en/Photo credit: U.S. Central Intelligence AgencyWe'd love your feedback. You can get in touch with us by emailing email@example.com, and please subscribe, rate and review!
The MSA company in the Czech republic is suspected to belong to Russian oligarch Dmitry Pumpyansky. He's in Putin's inner circle and on the sanctions list. But MSA's ownership is intransparent. What do its employees think?
After Andréa goes public and launches the campaign to connect with other victims, the story gets some media attention. Before long, a tip comes in from a Czech woman that has Jodi and Kym hot on Marcel's trail. You can find the show at https://frequencypodcastnetwork.com/For more information and to send tips go tohttps://www.catchhimpod.com/Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram at @catchimpod
Greg from Craft Beer Republic Podcast comes to the pub. We discuss the joys of collaborating with Craft breweries, the beauty of California, and add his Czech Rendevouz to our taplist. go to craftbeerrepublic.com to learn more about the show, and listen to episode #295 to learn about Greg's Collab beer: https://www.craftbeerrepublic.com/podcast/episode/7921feb5/batch295-morning-watch-coffee-kolsch-collaboration-with14-cannons-and-california-coffee-republic Czech Rendezvous - 5.5 gallons 6.5lb German Pils 2lb Munich Light - 10l 1lb Caramel Munich 60l 8oz Chocolate wheat 1lb German Carafa II 0.25lb Dark Chocolate Malt hops: 0.5oz Hallertau Mittelfrau (60mins) 0.5oz Nugget (45mins) 0.5oz Hallertau Mittelfrau (30mins) 0.25oz Nugget (0mins) Yeast White Labs - Czech Budejovice Lager Yeast WLP802 Original Gravity: 1.051 Final Gravity: 1.010 ABV (standard): 5.5% IBU (tinseth): 33.8 SRM (morey): 46.5 Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
A new exhibition in Auckland aims to bring the visual artists out from behind the camera and canvas and into the spotlight. The people involved have photographed, painted, even collaged other artists in the same show, The Artists on Artists show includes Maori, Samoan, Chinese, Pakeha, Sri Lankan, Filipino, Czech and Middle Eastern artists, who've each come up with a portrait of one of the other participants. Lynn Freeman spoke to the curator Lindsey Horne whose work also features in the exhibition alongside another of the artists, photographer Abhi Chinniah, Lindsey says she had the idea in the midst of last year's winter lockdown. Artists on Artists opens at Toi Tu in Tamaki Makauru Auckland on the 12th of May.
News, Czech government seeks exemption from Russian oil ban; shop with classic Czech designs opens in historic building; the debate over whether a second foreign language should be voluntary for Czech primary school students
The Cybercrime Magazine Podcast brings you our daily alert, which provides boardroom and C-suite executives, CIOs, CSOs, CISOs, IT executives and cybersecurity professionals with a breaking news story we're following. If there's a cyberattack, hack, or data breach you should know about, then we're on it. Airs every day on WCYB and our podcast. For more on the latest cyberattacks, hacks, and breaches, visit https://cybercrimewire.com
Guidebook co-author Pat O'Connor delves into the details of driving in Ireland, where renting a car can be worth the extra expense when it gives you the flexibility to explore the countryside on your own schedule. Then author Mary Morris explains why she prefers to go solo to connect with other people in her travels, and how she ensures her safety. And tour guides from Prague offer tips for enjoying the beauty of the Czech capital. For more information on Travel with Rick Steves - including episode descriptions, program archives and related details - visit www.ricksteves.com.
On this edition of the Prospect Series Max and Corey discuss the 2022 IIHF Under 18 tournament happening right now in Germany. The guys analyze how prospects in the tournament are looking, including Logan Cooley, Isaac Howard Rutger McGroarty and Ryan Chesley from Team USA, Connor Bedard and Adam Fantilli from Team Canada, Jiri Kulich from Czech Republic, Jonathan Lekkerimaki from Sweden and Joakim Kemell from Finland. Plus Max and Corey look at the final four of the tournament with the US set to play Czech and Finland and Sweden to meet in the semi-final. As always, the guys wrap the pod by dipping into then mailbag and answer your questions on Jason Robertson, Zac Bolduc and Juraj Slafkovsky. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Robert Waggoner wrote the acclaimed book, Lucid Dreaming – Gateway to the Inner Self (now in its tenth printing), and co-authored the award winning Lucid Dreaming Plain and Simple with Caroline McCready. Both books are in Audible, Kindle and CD/Mp3. His books have been translated into French, German, Chinese, Korean, Czech, Finnish and other languages.A past President of the International Association for the Study of Dreams (IASD), Waggoner serves at co-editor of the online magazine, The Lucid Dreaming Experience, (ISSN 2167-616X); the only ongoing publication devoted specifically to lucid dreaming. A lucid dreamer since 1975, he has logged more than 1,000 lucid dreams.Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/robwaggoner/Instagram - Robert Waggoner (@robertwaggonerlucid) • Instagram photos and videosLinkedin - https://www.linkedin.com/in/robert-waggoner-97022410/More about Liz-Work- https://www.lizshealingtouch.com/Radio Show- https://www.voiceofvashon.org/raise-the-vibePodcast- https://www.buzzsprout.com/958816Facebook- https://www.facebook.com/raisethevibewithlizInstagram- https://www.instagram.com/raisethevibewithliz/Support the show (https://www.patreon.com/user?u=43081730)
The rise of Vladimír Coufal. Vladimír Coufal is a Czech professional footballer who plays as a defender for Premier League club West Ham United and the Czech Republic national team. He has previously played for Bílovec, Hlučín, Opava, Slovan Liberec and Slavia Prague. West Ham United Football Club is an English professional football club that plays its home matches in Stratford, East London that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football. The club plays at the London Stadium, having moved from their former home, the Boleyn Ground, in 2016. FC Baník Ostrava is a football club from the Silesian part of the city of Ostrava, Czech Republic. Founded in 1922 as SK Slezská Ostrava, Baník has won numerous national and international trophies.
We wrap up all the Eurovision news including the progress of the INFE, OGAE and Euro Jury polls. We feature snippets of our interviews with Sam Ryder from the UK, Ochman from Poland and We Are Domi from the Czech Republic. Plus we run through all the latest from the American Song Contest. UK interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZSrNzuUQJs Poland interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=67qKc4bckOU Patreon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZSrNzuUQJs
It's the return of our ocassional series, We Can't Have Nice Things. This week, we look at radio contest and promotions that went badly wrong, often at the draft stage. Free nude wedding anyone? 1-star review shirt! and shirt raising money for Ukraine Red Cross at yourbrainonfacts.com/merch 02:45 Radio Luxembourg's Ice Block Challenge 06:02 Bait & switch 10:12 Rules are rules 17:36 Review and news 20:40 No accounting for taste 22:15 Library of Chaos 27:27 Good, better, breast 30:08 Playing matchmaker Links to all the research resources are on the website. Hang out with your fellow Brainiacs. Reach out and touch Moxie on Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram. Become a patron of the podcast arts! Patreon or Ko-Fi. Or buy the book and a shirt. Music: Kevin MacLeod, Bobby Richards . Canadian radio station AMP Radio in Calgary, caused a lot of buzz with a promotion called “Bank it or Burn it” which asked listeners to vote whether they should #BANK C$5,000 and give it away to a listener, or #BURN the money, literally. With 54% of the votes, the option to #BURN emerged victorious, and AMP Radio burned C$5,000 and put it on YouTube. A YouTube video was posted of the station's morning show hosts throwing the bills into an incinerator. AMP Radio defended their actions noting that businesses can easily spend C$5,000 on marketing in a week, and that their promotion has garnered a lot of talk, but at what price? While this promotion received a lot of attention, the vast majority of it came from outraged Calgarians claiming that they would no longer be listening to station. However, that hasn't stopped AMP Radio from continuing the promotion. The second phase is currently underway, and this time C$10,000 is at stake. Radio stunts, and their shifty cousins, radio hoaxes, have been with us since the early days of broadcasting as a favorite marketing tool to gain listeners and advertising sponsors. Orson Welles' 1938 "War of the Worlds," caused widespread panic among listeners, who actually believed Martians were invading. The fallout can range from disappointment to embarassment to property damage, crimes against the person, and even deaths. You probably recall the incident in California in 2007 where a contest called Hold Your Wee for a Wii, where contestants had to drink a large volume of water and the last person to go to the bathroom would win a video game console, resulted in a woman's death from acute water intoxication. New Yorkers are unlikely to forget the day "shock jocks" Opie and Anthony finally went too far with a contest that encouraged people to have sex in public, with one couple opting to have their dalience in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Today's topic was voted on by our patrons, including our newest member Paul D and Pigeon and our All that and Brain Too supporters, David N and EmicationLikely, who just got a bonus mini dealing specifically with radio pranks while I struggle, and struggle it is, to confine this episode to promotions and contests. The pranks go way, way worse. Patrons get early, ad-free episodes, but you can also get a glimpse of next week's show and what it's like hanging out in the booth with me by following my tiktok; I've start live-streaming *some of the recording process. There's nothing new under the sun and that applies to radio contests as much as anything else in life. Take Radio Luxembourg's and the ice block expedition of 1958. The challenge: to transport three metric tonnes of ice from the arctic circle to the equator, without the benefit of any form of refrigeration. The prize was set at 100,000 francs per kilo of ice that made it to its destination as a solid, or about a million bucks per tonne in today's money. Radio Luxembourg felt they could put their money where their mouth is since who could transport ice that far without refrigeration? The contest drew fewer hopefuls than your average ‘say the phrase that pays' call-in, but the Norwegian company Glassvatt took them up on it. A company that produced fiberglass insulation, incidentally, and is still in business today. Ice was cut out of the Svartisen glacier in 200kg blocks, flown to the nearest town, and melted together into a single 3,050kg block of ice. It was then wrapped in the company's signature glass wool and placed in an iron container on a truck donated by the Scania company and fueled with with gas donated by Shell. This was an opportunity for publicity for everyone involved, not just the radio station. Together with a film crew and a van full of equipment, they expedition set off from the Norwegian city of Mo i Rana on February 22, 1959, stopping in Oslo to pick up over 600 lbs/300kg of medicine to schlep along to a hospital in Lambarene, Gabon, because when else was so much cold storage going to be going that way? They made stops in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, France, which was the comparatively easy bit, then on to Algeria, Niger, and finally Gabon. That's when the going got tough. Not a lot of paved roads across the desert, plus Algeria was in the midst of a civil war for independence from France. Getting stuck in the sand was a frequent occurrence that cost them hours of digging-out time in the 120degF/50C heat, and their supply of water ironically rather limited. It took a month a day, but they did it! And the giant block of ice had only lost about 11% of its weight to melting, so even if Radio Luxemborg didn't pro-rate for partial tons, Glassvatt was still looking to collect about $2mil. Except. Radio Luxembourg had withdrawn the offer. When an insulation company stepped up to their ‘move ice without refrigeration' challenge, Radio Luxembourg got cold feet, npi. The cancellation wasn't the jerk move it sounds like; they actually called it off before the Glassvatt truck even set out. Glassvatt decided to continue anyway, because even without the prize, it still seemed like good publicity. That's really the name of the game, the whole reason radio stations do these things. It's the aural equivalent of butts in seats. You've got to entice the public to listen to your station over all their other options. They can be cheaply run, these contests. Folks my age probably won a bumper sticker, which costs the station very little, or some concert tickets, which often cost the station nothing since they come from the promoter. But a constant need for contests means you've got to keep them interesting while not blowing through the promotions budget. This leads some DJs to get creative and not in a good way. Oh and a word about DJ. My mom really wants me to refer to radio DJs as “on-air radio personalities” such as when I reference her background in FM radio in NY and FL in the 70's, because these days “DJ” means Skrillex types, but I can't be asked, so for today, they're all DJs. In 2005, a Bakersfield, CA station announced they were giving away a Hummer to the person who could correctly guess the number of miles that two Hummers the station had had supposedly driven around the town during the course of a week. The answer was 103.9, the same as the radio station's frequency, which one Shannon Castillo cleverly guessed. She must have been on cloud 9 to have won herself a $60k vehicle, which if I were her I would sell because it would cost $60k in gas, so you can imagine her disappointment when she went to collect her prize and was handed a remote control car. Castillo hired an attorney, and I don't blame her, who pointed out that the station had indicated that the vehicle had 22” rims, so either they were claiming it was a real vehicle or that was one jacked-up RC car. Castillo sued the station for $60k, but as if often the case, lot of news outlets carry the initial story about the lawsuit, but nobody cared to report how it came out. That's my research bug-bear. Well, one of them. A similar but 166% worse frustration was felt by that same year by Norreasha Gill, a KY woman who was the to the lucky tenth caller in a contest to win “100 grand.” This was going to be life-changing! She told her kids how they could finally buy a home of their own and have financial stability, so she probably saw red when she turned up at the station to collect her prize, only to be handed a 100 Grand candy bar. I like caramel, rice crispies, and chocolate as much as the next person, probably more than a lot of next persons, but I totally agree with Gill suing the radio station for 100,000 actual dollars. Pulling the wool over peoples' eyes is not only mean-spirited; it can also land businesses into all manner of trouble. You can't say “it was just a joke” and go about your business. A FL Hooters, not a radio station, I grant you, learned that lesson in 2001 when they held a contest among their waitstaff for most drinks sold, with the prize being a Toyota. The winner was blindfolded and led out into the parking lot to discover her Toyota was a toy Yoda, a foot-tall figure of the puppet from Star Wars. She quit and sued the owners of the franchise, settling out of court a year later. Radio stations operate under the auspices of the Federal Communication Commission, and they have some pretty firm opinions about what shenanigans you can get up to if you want to do it on the broadcast airwaves. The rules require a radio station fully and accurately disclose the material terms, aka the relevant details of the contest, which cannot be deceptive, misleading, or patently false, and then to follow through with those terms. If you're talking about a contest on the air, you have to give the material terms on the air. It's not good enough to say “we're giving away a hundred grand, see the website for more info” and on the website, admit that it's a candy bar, no siree. No claiming it was just a joke if you made it out to be a legit contest. The FCC fined a Kansaa station $4,000 for failing to announce all material terms of a contest, even though it was on the website, and for failure to comply with the terms for their Santa's Sack contest. Listeners were to call in and guess what was in Santa's Sack and you'd win what was in the sack plus a teddy bear; seems simple enough. A listener who guessed the sack held $1,000 was told she was wrong, but the next day, she heard someone else guess $1k and that person was proclaimed the winner. The first caller complained to the station and when that went nowhere, filed a complaint with the FCC. With the feds breathing down their necks –don't forget, the FCC isn't just about issuing fines, they can yank your broadcast license– the radio station claimed it was an innocent mix-up among the staff, some of whom included the value of the $10 teddy bear and some didn't, and that the rules were on their website. The radio station then sent a check for $1,000 to the complainant, meaning they were out $5k over a $10 teddy bear and for want of a memo. The FCC issued KDKA in Pennsylvania with a Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, a scary-sounding document that says “Look what you did! I should take away your license for that.” On Thanksgiving day 2007, a DJ, I assumed bored or annoyed at having to work a holiday, said that he'd give away $1,000,000 to the thirteenth caller and he'd do it once an hour. A listener called and was told he was the thirteenth caller and was then placed on hold for 43 minutes before being put through to the DJ and immediately hung up on. The station claimed that the on-air contest rules did not apply here because listeners should have realized it was a joke. The FCC disagreed, since the DJ never said anything to indicate he wasn't serious, at one point saying it was “the real deal,” and he announced the “contest” *several times during his 3-hour show. After finding that the on-air contest rules applied, the FCC smited them–smote?-- for the tag team of failure to announce the material terms *and failure to comply with said terms, i.e. pony up the dough, and fined the station $6,000. An LA station got their own Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture and $6k fine after they held a contest online with a drawing for tickets to the musical Les Miserables. Their web site said the contest would run from 3:50 pm on May 29 to 8:50 pm on June 2. A listener complained to the FCC after the station awarded the prize to three people at only 3:00. Yer man must really have wanted to see Les Mis. The radio station responded that the on-air contest rules didn't apply to its contest because the contest was exclusively online. The FCC disagreed. The rules apply to "all contests conducted by the licensee and broadcast to the public" and since the radio station had announced the contest several times on-air and told listeners who entered the contest to stay tuned, it was an on-air contest. You don't necessarily need the FCC in your stable to hold a radio station's feet to the fire. Just ask the folks at Singapore's Gold 905 after their big-money game “The Celebrity Name Drop.” They made a montage of 14 celebrity voices, edited so that each celebrity said one word of “Gold 9-0-5, the station that sounds good, and makes you feel good.” I couldn't find a clip of it, but if you do, hit up the soc meds or post it in soc. To win $10,000, the caller had to correctly identify each voice in order. It took a skilled ear, as well as listening out for other people's right and wrong guesses. Muhammad Shalehan thought he had it after a month of puzzling and repeatedly trying to get through the phone lines, but when he read his list of names, the DJ said he got one wrong. A few weeks later, Gold905 declared they had their winner, one Jerome Tan, and that was a wrap. Except. Listeners jumped on the station's FB page, pointing out that Shalehan had given the right answer more than two weeks earlier. Mediacorp, the station;s parent company, said that Shalehan's attempt was invalidated because he failed to pronounce the string of celebrity names accurately, specifically that of Tony Hadley of Spandau Ballet. So Muhammad went to the mountain or in this case, the internet, whereby Shelahan was able to locate Hadley's management and ask if they could help. He then got a video from Hadley himself, confirming that, while Muhammad Shalehan has a “slight accent,” he had, in fact, “pronounced my name absolutely correctly.” Armed now with some pretty bitchin' evidence, Shalehan went back to the station again. After viewing Hadley's video, Mediacorp …. still refused to pay out. [sfx] But they offered to make a “goodwill gesture” of $5,000. By then, the online community, a barely-controlled and badly-tempered beast on the best of days, was having none of it, making for some long work-days for the PR department. Finally, Mediacorp relented and paid Muhammad Shalehan the full $10k. MIDROLL don't forget ad sting If these stories haven't made you face-palm and ask “what were they thinking,” I'd bet my mortgage one of these will. Strap in, kids. The tragic Hold Your Wee for a Wii contest wasn't the first or only radio station promotion to involve urine. In 1999, KOMP 92.3-FM of Las Vegas DJ Greg McFarlane was trying to think up a novel approach to give away some Mötley Crüe tickets. His first idea was to have contestants re-enact the Pamela Anderson-Tommy Lee sex tape live on-air, fully clothes of course; wouldn't want to be in bad taste. Idea number 2: make contestants drink their own urine. Y'all 1999. What was the value in seeing Motley Crue in 1999? That cheese had been moldy for years. Three die-hard fans actually came into the studio, then lost their nerve when confronted with the fact that McFarlane was in no way kidding. Then, in McFarlane's own words, “The fourth guy walks in, pushes everyone out of the way and throws it down like it was Pepsi.” So concert tickets for guy #4 and an empty cardboard box to McFarlane, to gather his personal effects because he's just been sacked. Hey, remind me to check my stats and see how many people jumped ship in the last 60 seconds. For those still with me, we go now to a library in Ft Worth, TX, where the staff suddenly found themselves terrorized by crowds of people ransacking the stacks. Unbeknownst to them, a KYNG DJ thought it would be a keen idea to announce that he had hidden $100 in $5 and $10 bills between pages of books in the library's fiction section. Even adjusted for inflation, that's just under $200 to try to outcompete hundreds of other people for. "People started climbing the bookshelves; they started climbing on each other, and books became airborne," library spokeswoman Marsha Anderson said, adding that 3k books had been thrown on the floor and some ended up ripped and with broken spines. Count the books on your nearest bookcase or shelf. How many of those would need to get to 3k? That's a lot of damage! Do I need to say that the library has an amount of heads-up from the radio station and that amount was none, or did you just assume because what librarian would agree to that? More than 500 people stampeded through the Fort Worth Central Library looking for the money. There was money in the library – the station claimed it was $100 and that was the only amount it was ever said to be, whereas a number of people in the money-mob thought it was as high as $10k. A KYNG spokesman said the DJ was only trying to boost public interest in the library by giving away about $100, and they had no idea where people got the $10k idea. That was after the fact of course. In the moment, it was the librarians who had to handle the situation...because they couldn't get ahold of anyone at the radio station. They told the crowd the only thing that could possibly make them stop looking – that someone already found the money and had just left. Sometimes it's not judgment that's wobbly; it's taste, subjective as that may be. BRMB in Birmingham, England ran a contest where they would pay for the winner's wedding, which as anyone less clever than my hillbilly butt getting married in my own yard both times can tell you can really run into money. There was, of course, a catch. The station reserved one creative right for the wedding that the station paid for. This wedding had to be conducted au naturale. In the buff. Nude. At a minimum, the happy couple had to be in all their glory; don't know if there was a maximum. The lucky couple, who won by listener vote, had been together for eleven years, attributing their long engagement to the cost of the wedding. Again, back yard, it's free. The station paid all the expenses and the bride and groom held up their end…as it were, though the bride had her veil and the groom used a top hat as a fig leaf. Your other why-is-this-so-expensive life event would come just after the end of your life, your funeral. It costs as much as a decent used car and you don't even get to enjoy it. Half of that would be handled if you won the contest offered by Radio Galaxy in Germany – they'd pay for your funeral, provided your funeral cost less than 3000 Euro and a modest one could. Listeners sent in their own epitaphs, that being the words on their tombstone, like how Winston Churchill's says “I am ready to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the great ordeal of meeting me is another matter.” But you can't have a party without a party-pooper and the radio station was hit was a lawsuit from the Association of German Undertakers. Also in Germany, station RTL 89.0 wanted to give away a Mini Cooper, but couldn't apparently be asked to put a lot of effort, or forethought, into it. They just said, pull off the most amazing stunt. Because that's safe. Whatever the other entries were paled in comparison to the stunt submitted by the eventual winner – he would have the word mini tattooed on … how to put this delicately?... onto an appendage which most gentlemen would find distressing to have labeled “mini.” The winner, Andreas Muller, went through with it, live on air with the female host looking on. Can you imagine if the station refused to give him the car though? That kind of personal touch would have been right up the alley of the folks at WDVE 102.5 in Pittsburgh. Every year, for the festive holiday season, they hold a "Breast Christmas Ever." Yep, they foot the bill for breast enhancement surgery. To the surprise of no one, the event has come under fire from both feminist groups and health care advocates, who should like us to remember a boob job is surgery and surgery carries risk. But sometimes, even the tackiest contest isn't as bad as it seems - there's always a silver lining if we look for it. A Calgary station did a similar give-away and the winner, by popular vote, was a 19 year old trans-female listener who was quotes as saying having breast implants would mean she wouldn't "have to face so much bigotry on a daily basis." Ottawa radio station Hot 89.9 looked at all that and said Hold My Molson's. They put on a “Win a baby!” contest. Specifically, they would pay for up to three rounds of in-vitro fertility treatment up to $35,000. The contest drew criticism like jellowjackets at a cook-out, but it wasn't without redemption – it brought attention to the issue of IVF funding in Ontario just before voters head to the polls to vote if the provincial government should be required to pay it like other health care. Said Beverly Hanck, executive director of the Infertility Awareness Association of Canada, “The station is clearly, clearly capitalizing on vulnerable patients that are desperate to have a family.” The fact that couples have to turn to a radio contest at all points to a “sad state of affairs” in Ontario, she added. Morning show host Jeff Mauler said the contest was intended to appeal to the station's 24 to 54 year old demographic, but that it has opened up a dialogue about an issue that is “more common than you think.” “Anyone who complains is lucky enough to have kids or doesn't want kids,” Mauler said. “Anyone in the struggle doesn't slam the contest.” Common enough that more than 400 couples applied for the contest, which they launched on Labor Day. Because of course they did. If babies aren't your thing, how about a full-grown human woman? Edmonton's the Bear FM also poked the bear with their contest to win a Russian bride. The Bear partnered with an on-line matchmaking service that connects Russian women with foreign husbands. Problem the first: eww. Problem the close second: it's not uncommon for women you can meet through such services being exploited. Employment and Immigration Minister Thomas Lukaszuk found the contest so offensive, he pulled his ministry's advertising from the station. The prize included a free two-week trip to Russia, and $500 spending money. New Zealand radio station The Rock FM sponsored their own contest in which the winner would be flown to the Ukraine to pick a bride from an agency, originally called “Win a Wife.” When people complained, they changed it to “Win A Trip To Beautiful Ukraine For 12 Nights And Meet Eastern European Hot Lady Who Maybe One Day You Marry.” Well, does what it says on the tin. This is the same station that, when they needed a contest for Valentine's Day 2012, crab-walked around love and instead offered to cover all the costs of one lucky couple's divorce. Asterisk, you had to drop the Big D bombshell on them live on the air. Who says romance is dead? No one who's watching OFMD on a binge loop for the last 9 days…not that I know anyone like that. It's just a hypothetical. An offly specific hypothetical If you're thinking to yourself, it can't get worse than that, you haven't been paying attention. Again in Canada (it's always the quiet ones), a Halifax radio station q104 put on a foreign bride contest. The contest, which would send the winner to Prague, closed on March 8, International Women's Day. The program director JC Douglad said firmly that there was no sexual connotatioin to the contest. The men are promised dates with women in the Czech Republic, but they station made no warranty, express or implied, as to how those dates will go. Okay, sure, but you've kind of undermined your position by calling it the "Male is in the Czech," didntcha? And that's…AMP Radio defended their actions noting that businesses can easily spend C$5,000 on marketing in a week, and that their promotion has garnered a lot of talk, so it was kind of the same thing. While a lot of Calgarians vowed to stop listening, then went on to do it again, this time with $10,000. this podcast remember thanks
The Czech Republic was the first country to provide Ukraine with Soviet-era tanks, while it also supplied artillery and infantry fighting vehicles. Both nations have similar weapons systems, allowing the Ukrainians to use the Czech armaments effectively with little training. Jan Lipavasky, the Czech Republic's minister of foreign affairs, joins Judy Woodruff to discuss his country's involvement. PBS NewsHour is supported by - https://www.pbs.org/newshour/about/funders
The Czech Republic was the first country to provide Ukraine with Soviet-era tanks, while it also supplied artillery and infantry fighting vehicles. Both nations have similar weapons systems, allowing the Ukrainians to use the Czech armaments effectively with little training. Jan Lipavasky, the Czech Republic's minister of foreign affairs, joins Judy Woodruff to discuss his country's involvement. PBS NewsHour is supported by - https://www.pbs.org/newshour/about/funders
Scroll down for TRACKLIST* * *Do you like my radio show? Help me keep it alive...... send me a small DONATION via PayPal:▶ https://www.paypal.me/djandreafiorino... or BECOME MY PATRON on Patreon:▶ https://www.patreon.com/djandreafiorinoDo you want me to perform in your club?Contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org* * *Andrea Fiorino Mastermix is a 60 minutes long mix show presented by one of the most renowned Czech house music DJs and broadcast on almost 40 radio stations worldwide.Check it out on...▶ Apple Podcasts: https://podcasts.apple.com/cz/podcast/andrea-fiorino-mastermix/id794539373▶ Podomatic: https://andreafiorino.podomatic.com▶ SoundCloud: https://soundcloud.com/afmastermix▶ Mixcloud: https://www.mixcloud.com/andreafiorinoFollow me on...▶ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/djandreafiorino▶ Twitter: https://twitter.com/djandreafiorino▶ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/djandreafiorino▶ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/djandreafiorino▶ SoundCloud: https://soundcloud.com/djandreafiorino* * *Cover poem (haiku) by Roma ♥* * *TRACKLIST:Angelo Ferreri & Moon Rocket feat. LauMii - Running Out (Angelo Ferreri Glitter Mix) (Mood Funk)Ian Carrera - I Can Feel It (NU TRAXX)Peter Brown - Nobody Else (Cruise Music)Jay Vegas & Ridney - Trompeta (Jay Vegas Remix) (Hot Stuff)Martin Ikin vs Astrotrax feat. Shola Phillips - Feel The Vibe (Toolroom)Risk Assessment feat. DJ Romain - We Got A Love (Phoenix Music)Lenny Fontana - Turn The Horn Upside Down (Karmic Power)Ridney - Southside (DJ Mark Brickman Remix) (Paharas Musica)Nick Hussey & Jamie Van Goulden - Another Heartache (ArtFunk)Trimtone - I Love The Way You Make Me Feel (B Club Milano)Pat Bedeau feat. Hannah Khemoh - The One (Bedfunk)Micky More & Andy Tee feat. Angela Johnson - Do I Do (Groove Culture)Mijangos, Pako Rubio, Melissa Munster - Lovely Day (Iside Music)* * *Feel free to share this around the globe and ENJOY!
THE MAGIC OF WATCHING A CATHOLIC SCHOOL BOY FROM ARKANSAS TURNED NATINAL MMA ICON! Bryce "THUG NASTY" Mitchell hoas now apperared on the BIGGEST SHOWS OF ALL TIME including Theo and Rogans Podcasts! Now maybe 5 or 6 years prior to him getting his shine on i want you to hear the teen turned star so we can remember what podcast was trying to scout out the real talent before the clout exchanges!!!!! Over the Years iv interviewed close to a thousand fighters but this one is special for all of you because at one point in time i thought this SHOW WAS LOST IN TIME NEVER TO BE HEARD OR SEEN AGAIN! THIS ENTIRE WEEK ILL BE UPLOADING MORE OLD GEMS WITH NO ONES WHO BECAME STARS INSIDE THE CAGE LIKE BELAL MUHAMMED, THE MMA CARTOON GUY, OH AND... I CANT EVEN SPOIL THESE FOR YOU BUT I FOUND 7 OTHER HUGE STARS THAT WERE UNDISCOVERED that iv interviewed back in the day and you will be at the edge of your seat throughout the entire series of episodes! However EVil Eddie pulled threw and at the very bottom of a 5-6 year closet of interviews "THUG NASTY" was hiding out like a hunter in a tree waiting to be feed the hungry with some good old content! LET US KNOW WHAT YOU THINK ABOUT BRYCE THEN VS NOW.. IS HE THE SAME WOULD YOU OF EVER THOUGHT HE WOULD BECOME WHO HE IS TODAY? AND Wait until you hear this real unfiltered podcast i did with the one and only TED CZECH as we got Bryce to swear (MAYBE FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER) and let us know if this really is his first ever interview he ever did outside a small documentry on young fighters from Arkansas that Ted brought up (that i still can NOT FIND FOR THE LIFE OF ME) Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
"Who knows the name of the Czech prime minister, the name of the head of the Romanian or even the Polish executive branches? Yet, today everyone knows the name of the Hungarian leader: Viktor Orbán. To have a leader known outside the country's borders is a first for Hungarians. Some are frustrated by this: Hungary, they say, isn't just Viktor Orbán". In La Hongrie sous Orban: Histoires de la Grande Plaine (Plein Jour, 2022), Corentin Léotard - together with Hélène Bienvenu, Thomas Laffitte, Joël Le Pavous, Jehan Paumero and Daniel Psenny - tell a series of stories about what else Hungary is but all under the shadow of Orbánism. Among these are tales of the origins and corruption of Fidesz through the eyes of disillusioned co-founder József Kardos, of the power and inconvenience of national myth-making through the hunt for archaeological evidence of the "the battle that saved civilization” in Szigetvár, and of poverty in the borderlands offset by EU transfers in a pervasive environment of euroscepticism. Hélène Bienvenu, who wrote or co-wrote six of the book's chapters, is a freelance photojournalist who has worked in Budapest since 2010 and recently relocated to Warsaw to work mostly for Le Monde. *Her own book recommendations are: Dans la tête de Viktor Orbán by Amélie Poinssot (Éditions Actes Sud, 2019), Kaddish For An Unborn Child by Imre Kertész (Vintage Classics, 2017 - translated by Tim Wilkinson) and Last Witnesses: An Oral History of the Children of World War II by Svetlana Alexievich (Random House, 2019 - translated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky) Tim Gwynn Jones is an economic and political-risk analyst at Medley Advisors (a division of Energy Aspects). Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/political-science
"Who knows the name of the Czech prime minister, the name of the head of the Romanian or even the Polish executive branches? Yet, today everyone knows the name of the Hungarian leader: Viktor Orbán. To have a leader known outside the country's borders is a first for Hungarians. Some are frustrated by this: Hungary, they say, isn't just Viktor Orbán". In La Hongrie sous Orban: Histoires de la Grande Plaine (Plein Jour, 2022), Corentin Léotard - together with Hélène Bienvenu, Thomas Laffitte, Joël Le Pavous, Jehan Paumero and Daniel Psenny - tell a series of stories about what else Hungary is but all under the shadow of Orbánism. Among these are tales of the origins and corruption of Fidesz through the eyes of disillusioned co-founder József Kardos, of the power and inconvenience of national myth-making through the hunt for archaeological evidence of the "the battle that saved civilization” in Szigetvár, and of poverty in the borderlands offset by EU transfers in a pervasive environment of euroscepticism. Hélène Bienvenu, who wrote or co-wrote six of the book's chapters, is a freelance photojournalist who has worked in Budapest since 2010 and recently relocated to Warsaw to work mostly for Le Monde. *Her own book recommendations are: Dans la tête de Viktor Orbán by Amélie Poinssot (Éditions Actes Sud, 2019), Kaddish For An Unborn Child by Imre Kertész (Vintage Classics, 2017 - translated by Tim Wilkinson) and Last Witnesses: An Oral History of the Children of World War II by Svetlana Alexievich (Random House, 2019 - translated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky) Tim Gwynn Jones is an economic and political-risk analyst at Medley Advisors (a division of Energy Aspects). Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
Synopsis Today is Earth Day – an annual event started in 1970 by then-Senator Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin as an environmental teach-in. Senator Nelson wasn't the only one concerned back then, either: the Czech-born composer Karel Husa had noticed dead fish floating on a lake located near a power plant. “The plant was producing hot thermal pollution which in turn killed all those fish,” Husa recalled. “In addition, I noticed more beer cans in the water and algae in greater quantities.” A wind band commission provided Husa with an opportunity to create a work he called “Apotheosis of This Earth.” In explaining its title, Karel Husa wrote: “Man's brutal possession and misuse of nature's beauty – if continued at today's reckless speed – can only lead to catastrophe. The composer hopes that the destruction of this beautiful earth can be stopped, so that the tragedy of destruction – musically projected here in the second movement—and the desolation of its aftermath – the “postscript” of this work – can exist only as fantasy, never to become reality.” “Apotheosis of this Earth” was commissioned by the Michigan School Band and Orchestral Association, and its premiere performance took place on April 1, 1970, with Husa himself conducting the University of Michigan Symphony Band at Hill Auditorium in Ann Arbor. It proved a powerful piece of music. “As the Postscript finished,” recalled the composer, “I saw that the students in the band were somehow moved – there were even some tears.” Music Played in Today's Program Karel Husa (b. 1921) — Apotheosis of This Earth (Ithaca College Wind Ensemble; Rodney Winther, cond.) Mark 3170
A unique 'Extra Curricular' covering Mark's incredible journey from Hull to the Ukrainian border in an old bus for a very special purpose. While on his travels he picked up a special pilsner brewed in a Czech hotel which we give the usual FTLOB treatment.
The Cybercrime Wire, hosted by Scott Schober, provides boardroom and C-suite executives, CIOs, CSOs, CISOs, IT executives and cybersecurity professionals with a breaking news story we're following. If there's a cyberattack, hack, or data breach you should know about, then we're on it. Listen to the podcast daily and hear it every hour on WCYB. The Cybercrime Wire is sponsored by Deloitte Cyber. To learn more about our sponsor, visit https://deloitte.com/cyber • For more breaking news, visit https://cybercrimewire.com
Sex vampires! Demonic possession! The burning of heretics! Sexual awakenings! Polecats! They're all right here in a pair of full color fantasias from Europe. First, young Valerie (Jaroslava Schallerová) finds her journey into womanhood fraught with grotesque vampires, pervy priests and vicious polecats in the Czech new wave weirdness of Valerie and Her Week of Wonders (1970). Then, Italian maestro Federico Fellini explores similar themes in Juliet of the Spirits (1965) where his wife and muse Giulietta Masina is thrust into a dreamlike world by suspicions of her husband's infidelity. As in our first film, we've got the burning of witches, demonic possession, and creepy nuns, but it's Fellini so there's also a tree house with a sex elevator and plenty of circus weirdness all set to a jaunty Nino Rota score. Philena Franklin and Cory Sklar are here to recommend the weed and Bob Calhoun brings us all down by talking about the Soviet tanks rolling into Prague. Valerie and Her Week of Wonders in streaming on Criterion Channel and Juliet of the Spirits is streaming on HBOMax and Criterion. Weed is at your dispensary in participating states.
Drs. David Johnson (University of Texas) and Patrick Loehrer (Indiana University) host the second half second half of their Oncology, Etc. interview with Mr. Paul Goldberg, the editor and publisher of the world-renowned publication The Cancer Letter. In part two, Mr. Goldberg talks about literary works he has developed outside of The Cancer Letter, his perspective on the Russian/Ukrainian conflict, and more. If you liked this episode, please subscribe. Learn more at https://education.asco.org, or email us at email@example.com. TRANSCRIPT Dr. Pat Loehrer: Hi, I'm Pat Loehrer, Director of Global oncology and Health Equity at Indiana University. I'm here with David Johnson, a medical oncologist at the University of Texas Southwestern in Dallas, Texas. This is the second half of our two-part Oncology, Etc. A conversation featuring Paul Goldberg, who's the editor of the prestigious oncology publication, The Cancer Letter. While, part one focuses more closely on Mr. Goldberg's early life - his introduction to writing and ecology and his work with The Cancer Letter - in part two, we're going to learn more about the literary works of Mr. Goldberg which are developed outside of The Cancer Letter. We'll also learn about his insight into the Russian Ukrainian conflict. We'll pick the conversation back up with Dave asking Paul about the most important changes he's seen in oncology throughout his career. Dr. David Johnson: What changes in oncology have you seen that have been most impressive in your mind, apart from therapeutic advances? What other changes have taken place that you've witnessed in your role as editor of Cancer Letter that you think really made a difference? Paul Goldberg: I think there's a lot less of this kind of, I have more friends now than I've ever had before, maybe I'm just getting old and I like a lot of people. There were a lot of people that I did not like early on. For me, culturally that's a difference. I think a lot of people are thinking along the same lines. There's a language of oncology. There's an understanding of the importance of clinical trials. People are arguing about whether to randomize. It wasn't that long ago that people were wondering about whether that's even a good thing. You mentioned Rick Pazdur. I don't know if it rises to the level of being able to say that I coined the term but the language of oncology, to some extent, is Pazdur-esque because he has gotten everybody on the same wavelength, and people do understand what it takes to get a drug to develop most of the time. So, that would be my first observation. There's less to argue about the fundamentals. And also, a lot of the kids I came up with are now cancer center directors. Dr. Pat Loehrer: In one of the friendships, I think it's been really strong has been you and Otis Brawley was crucial. You guys wrote a book together. And I think part of that book, which was very interesting was the title says, First do no harm. There are a lot of things we do in medicine that we think we're doing well, but yet, by over-testing and overtreatment, we actually don't, in the long run, help the patients or help society. Tell me a little bit about that. You're not working on this project without us on the history of oncology. And so, the perspective of that and what are some of the most interesting historical stories that you know about? Paul Goldberg: I think he just at one point at one of the NCI meetings might have had something to do with NSABP, he started explaining to me, the NIH Reauthorization Act of 1993, and how women and minorities' language was bizarre in there, and the definition of minorities and definition of race. So, here's this guy who is explaining stuff to me, which I wouldn't have really slowed down to think about because journalists generally don't slow down to think about things unless you tell them to, at least I didn't at the time. And then I said, well, this guy has been explaining stuff to me and I've been explaining stuff to him occasionally. So, it's been going on and we've been talking probably, give or take, once a day for 30 years or so. That produced the book and the book was really funny, the first book with him. We were both wondering, where do we begin? And then I said, well, why don't we just begin with the older mastectomy? You know, the spontaneous mastectomy of a patient and he said, yeah, let's do that. So, it was like, I knew his story with which to begin. It was that kind of weird, but it was kind of fun. Dr. David Johnson: Whose idea was the book? Was it yours or his? Was it a joint decision? Paul Goldberg: We had been talking about that for maybe 20 years prior. And then at one point, it was very obvious because my agent even said, I think your friend and you should write a book. I think the time is now. Then I called Otis that day. But that's not a rare occasion and asked Otis to write the book and Otis said, yeah, it's time to write the book. So, we decided that we would do it. Dr. Pat Loehrer: After 20 years, you jumped on it? Paul Goldberg: Yeah, it was exactly like that. Dr. David Johnson: Paul, this is a silly question. Do you actually write or do you dictate? Paul Goldberg: I write. Dr. David Johnson: Do you manually write or do you type? Paul Goldberg: Yes, I type on the computer. I absolutely do. Dr. Pat Loehrer: What do you do, Dave? Dr. David Johnson: I actually write. I'm not a typist. I do the two-finger thing, you know? Dr. Pat Loehrer: Yeah, I write out and then I'll type, but I write with a pencil. Dr. David Johnson: Yeah, that's what I do as well. That's really old-fashioned. Paul Goldberg: The young people I work with think it's pretty hilarious that I don't type correctly. But that's just not my bottleneck. My bottleneck is thinking. It's not typing. So, I'd never really learned to type properly. Dr. David Johnson: So, you've written a lot about a wide array of different subjects. I mean, you have pointed out at the beginning, that you've written some fiction, some very successful books, it seems I came across something that you wrote on the internet. I thought it was kind of interesting, and I knew nothing about it. But you wrote a piece entitled, why every progressive should read The Good Soldier Svejk. Paul Goldberg: Yeah, that is me. Dr. David Johnson: I had no idea about The Good Soldier, Svejk. Maybe you could tell us about this. Paul Goldberg: Yeah, it's kind of the fundamentals of Eastern European humor. It's also the fundamentals of all humor. It's also the fundamentals of, I would have to say, catch 22 is really impossible without Svejk. It's basically a loosely structured novel. It's set in Prague. Svejk is the Czech national hero, kind of the Don Quixote of Prague, especially Prague. He tells old stories of, well, what it really comes down to is that he is conscripted into World War One. And he either is a complete idiot or he pretends to be a complete idiot. And that makes him a very sane person in many ways. So, it's kind of like only a madman could survive this. But the beauty of this is that we've never really learned that he is really an idiot. And actually, he does say this, I have the honor to report that I'm a complete idiot. So, his adventures are absolutely hilarious, and before he is conscripted, he catches dogs and sells them and just takes a mongrel dog and turns it into a terrier, by painting it black and chopping off half of its tail, that kind of stuff. So, my mother started reading it to me, preparing me for life in the Soviet Union before there was a chance to get out. My first reading of Svejk was totally age inappropriate. And politically somewhat inappropriate. It's not an illegal sort of book. It's allowed, which is sort of a joke in and of itself because, in a totalitarian state, a book like Svejk has bragged more dissent than Bush can, who is also... Dr. Pat Loehrer: Let me ask you this Paul, just because you brought it up and to bring it more timely to what's going on, now give us a little insight into what you think mothers and children are talking about, not only in Ukraine but also in Russia right now with this invasion that's going on? What are some of your thoughts, whatever your concerns, and just ruminate a little bit about what is in your mind? Paul Goldberg: I keep thinking about 1968 in Moscow, in August 68, when Soviet tanks rolled into Czechoslovakia. I was nine years old, but boy I just sat down and listened, I was glued to the radio, basically listening to the voice of America and others, but I didn't know a single person who really supported that. It's this deep feeling of shame and there's no way to hide that from anybody, children, or whoever, which is also right. At that time, actually, my mother was reading Svejk to me, which is a very appropriate book for 68. I think she started before that but here as an independent state and our leadership has decided to send tanks. I can tell you that in 1969, during the Hockey Championship, I routed the Czechs so much. I mean, the Czech were us, they weren't them, Americans were us too. So, I was rooting for the Americans, but the Soviets beat us. But when the Czechs won against the Russians, that was the happiest day of my life, and I was like, not quite, 9. So, it's an incredible feeling of shame and we all grew up with that. And right now, there are children all over Russia who are growing up with it. I don't know anybody who voted for Putin. I know a lot of people in Russia. Nobody I know. Maybe I never ran into anybody like that. It's just not us. It's them. So, I guess I might as well just sort of, I grew up among the Moscow intelligence act. So, if I grew up and we had a small provincial town, maybe, definitely the feeling would be very different in the provinces over. So, it's also, like, I'm listening to Zelenskyy speak and Russia and to the Russian people. His Russian is so much better than Putin's because Zelenskyy has read many books and Putin may have read one that was written under his name. These are the fat-faced idiots of the new nuclear bureaucracy. It's really shameful, really shameful. There is no difference, really, that I know of between my friends there, and my friends here. Not even in age. Actually, as part of my historical stuff, I met two of the participants in the demonstration on Red Square in 1968. And I knew them fairly well, so actually, just very recently, it's my audio archive of interviews with Soviet dissidents of that time. Say, I didn't really deliberately put together that archive, I put it together to write a book but there it was, and still is. Yeah, it hasn't changed from 1960s. It's just that there are more people, more outrage, and it's not going to go well for anybody. But Putin is one of the people for whom it's not going to go well because in Ukraine, you might be able to take Kyiv, but you're not going to be able to hold the whole of Ukraine. No way. These people are, I mean, these people my brothers culturally. Dr. David Johnson: You wrote a book entitled, “The Yid”. Paul Goldberg: Yeah. Dr. David Johnson: Tell us about that. Is that from this experience that you had had? Paul Goldberg: Slightly different, I have just finished the book that's from that experience. That's the one I've just turned in. It's called the dissident and that's coming out next year. But Yid was an interesting project for me. I was a kid and in Moscow hanging out with my grandfather, and his various friends and my own friends, and they all spoke Yiddish, but they were all Red Army veterans. So, they're these old Jewish guys walking around with my grandfather, talking about what happened in 1943. Telling stories like, well, I took two machine gunners and we went through the swamp for three days. Then we found ourselves in the center of Leningrad, that kind of stuff. It was just truly amazing. So, I started thinking of a way of imagining something that Stalin actually did plan to do, which was to deport all Jews. It was a kind of a holocaust that he was planning of his own. And I thought, well, what would these guys have done? So, I wrote the comedy about Stalin's death. It begins with KGB and NKVD trying to arrest an old Jewish actor. My grandfather was a pharmacist, he was not an actor, but he did give that guy our apartment or communal flat in the center of Moscow. So, he kind of got arrested in that place. But the problem is that the arrest doesn't take place the way they usually do take place. Ths guy kills three NKVD. Dr. David Johnson: To protect his hero he does sort of almost Spider Man-like, given your… Paul Goldberg: Yeah, small swords number which he develops on stage. So, and then I actually, also weirdly, I was very lucky that part of my material is that my aunt comes from a very famous Jewish Intelligentsia family. And in fact, her grandfather started the Moscow Hebrews Theater, which became now the National Theatre of Israel. He was sort of a very major ethno-musicologist. Her maiden name is Dobrushin, and that was one of the Moscow Yiddish theater playwrights. So, I was able to kind of hear the stories of my aunt telling me the stories about having seen Solomon Mikhoels, and after his trip to America, the legendary things, and they put it all together into this novel, imagining a kind of alternative history. But really, Stalin did die when Stalin died. It's just that they changed the mechanism of his death, and it's a comedy. So, it's kind of a Yiddish comedy. Dr. David Johnson: You also wrote a book entitled, “The Chateau”, but this was more contemporary, I think, right? What was the inspiration for that book, which takes place in Florida, right? Paul Goldberg: Right. It was my stab at Florida realism. Actually, what I did was, the characters are all fictional, and the protagonist is a journalist at the Washington Post, a little bit of a nebbish, not a little bit but very much a nebbish, gets fired for insubordination at the Washington Post, then goes over to try to write a book about his college roommate who dies mysteriously. So, it's kind of a murder mystery. It's a kind of Florida realism. In the end, it's kind of a kleptocracy story about condo boards, which was really in America at the time. And the timeframe is right before Trump's inauguration. So, it's like Trump supporting the Soviet Jews. There's the sort of a din of, “here it comes”. And it was an interesting book to write. I don't think I ever want to write a current - and I will write a nonfiction book - but I don't want to really write anymore about something that happens now. My model for that was Turgenev it was Fathers and Sons, so I planted it in Florida and kind of played on my fantasy of what it would be if my father was not anything like my father actually is. Dr. Pat Loehrer: Before we wind up. Can I ask you a quick question? This comes from one of our viewers or one of our listeners. I remember when I was first dating, I would get really sweaty and nervous just calling up who would eventually turn out to be my wife. I would get that same feeling years later when I was calling a babysitter to see if she would go to take care of our kids. But the third point of terror is being interviewed by you and The Cancer Letter, and you would get sweaty palms and get really nervous. What advice would you have for someone who's being interviewed? Paul Goldberg: I'm not a ferocious person. I just ask questions like you just did, actually, it's very strange but I wouldn't even know how to be anything but polite. Well, there are situations where you probably wouldn't want to take my calls. But you know what those situations are. So, it's completely sort of like, not an issue. I have more friends than I have enemies by a factor of maybe 1000. It really shows, I don't think I've ever like screwed up in that way of just going after, this was the one case where I really screwed up. But this was very early, this would have been very early in my career. And now I would have just figured it out very quickly and said, oh, what the hell was I doing? But no, I mean, I have so much respect for the people who do this work and for both of you. I have so much respect for people who serve ODAC or NCAAB, or the President's Cancer Panel, and any of these incredible groups. I have so much respect for the cooperative group system for the methodology of clinical trials. I mean, you start messing with the methodology of clinical trials. Yeah, you're gonna get me on. It wouldn't be pleasant. But you would know you're doing it. Dr. David Johnson: I think we all agree that you've done a wonderful job of helping our field advance in so many ways, uncovering some things that aren't so good and helping us correct those mistakes. I personally want to thank you for that. I know Pat feels the same way. Paul Goldberg: Thank you. I think I get entirely too much credit for The Cancer Letter, but it's not really been just me for a very long time. Right now, we also have the Cancer History Project and my co-editor on that is Otis Raleigh. Then The Cancer Letter operations are run by Katie Goldberg, who also happens to be my daughter, but she is also the illustrator. Katie is the inspiration really for all the operations and she's working with Mona Mirmortazavi who's also very, very talented. On my editorial side, Matt Ong has been here for eight years. And he knows his way around oncology. Many people have dealt with him in many stories. And then there's Alice Tracy, who is an engineer, also a writer by training, and she is just a journalist with incredible talent. Then there's, of course, Alex Carolan, who is working with the Cancer History Project. She's the staff for it. And then, of course, the web designer, David Koh, and the graphics designer, Jackie Ong. It's a big crew. It takes a lot to produce The Cancer letter and it's also really a blast. Dr. David Johnson: One final question for you. We've asked all of our guests. We've talked a lot about your writings and your books, but if you read something recently that you could recommend to our listeners or perhaps a documentary that you've seen that you think is worthy of our time, what would you recommend to us and to our listeners? Paul Goldberg: Well, I'm just gonna reach for a book that's sitting in front of me right now, The Man Who Sold America. It's a story of Albert Lasker and the creation of the advertising century. It's very interesting because one of his creations was Mary Lasker, who created the National Cancer, and it took her a while to figure it out but he taught her. He was long gone by the time this was done, but without him and the mirrors that were erected, and he taught her how to erect those mirrors and how to make it happen. It's kind of a story of lies, lies, and lies, but then, human genius gets in there, the methodology gets put together, and everything starts happening. I mean, when they got started in this field, and this is not the book, but everybody would have a monoclonal antibody and everybody was laughing at people that had monoclonal antibodies, you know, immunology, yeah, right. Whom has Steve Rosenberg ever cured? Human genius stepped in. Dr. David Johnson: I just clicked on Amazon to have it sent to me. It should be here by tomorrow afternoon. Paul Goldberg: It's an interesting book about a guy with bipolar disorder, who does a bunch of weird and brilliant things. Dr. David Johnson: Paul, thank you so much for your time this afternoon. It's been a real blast to have this opportunity to chat with you. Paul Goldberg: Well, thank you. I'm sorry if I was being nonlinear. Dr. David Johnson No, we appreciate your nonlinearity. Let me take the moment now and thank our listeners for tuning in to Oncology, Etc. This is an ASCO educational podcast, where we will talk about anything and everything. If you have a suggestion for a guest, you would like us to interview, please send your suggestion to firstname.lastname@example.org. Thanks again. And remember, Pat is not a Russian dissident. Dr. Pat Loehrer: Thanks, Paul. It was terrific having you, and Dave, not so much. Thank you for listening to the ASCO education podcast. To stay up to date with the latest episodes. Please click subscribe. Let us know what you think by leaving a review. For more information visit the comprehensive education center at education.asco.org. The purpose of this podcast is to educate and to inform. This is not a substitute for professional medical care and is not intended for use in the diagnosis or treatment of individual conditions. Guests on this podcast express their own opinions, experience, and conclusions. Guess statements on the podcast do not express the opinions of ASCO the mention of any product service organization activity or therapy should not be construed as an ASCO endorsement.
Ep. 152 Narranturm & Beechwood Asylums Today we're going back to some of our creepy roots. We're gonna visit a couple Asylums!!! First, we're going to look at Narrenturm asylum, and then we'll head to Beechwood Asylum! After that, we'll just hop right into the business! "Narrenturm" in (Austrian/older) German translates as 'fools' tower,' or more accurately: 'lunatics' tower! The Narrenturm was indeed the world's first building especially designed, in 1783, for "keeping" such mentally ill "patients" locked up in a central facility. It was finished in 1784, and the first patients were admitted soon after. Treatment in those days was minimal to non-existent, so the 250 or so inmates in the 28 cells branching off each of the circular corridors on each of the five floors were indeed more or less simply "incarcerated" here. It was little more than a "loony bin," then emphasizing the word "bin." Still, it was argued that this was better than letting the patients roam around freely with the risk that they might harm someone or be subjected to ridicule or even physical mistreatment by other people. So they were locked away inside this tower, two patients in each of the cells, which contained nothing but the beds and bare walls. The Narrenturm was constructed in 1784 under Emperor Joseph II. It was Constructed by court architect Isidor Canevale. It consisted of a five-story, fortress-like circular building with 28 rooms and a ring of slit windows, plus a central chamber aligned north-to-south. There were, in total, 139 individual cells for the inmates. It was built as part of the Altes Allgemeines Krankenhaus, or "Old General Hospital." It was officially founded by Emperor Josef II in 1784 after the buildings had been used for more than 60 years as a poorhouse. The building of the Narrenturm was prompted by the discovery of underground dungeons used by the Capuchin monks of Vienna for housing their mentally ill brethren; another factor was that Joseph II had learned about similar institutions in France during his travels there. The construction of the Narrenturm points to a new attitude towards the mentally ill – they began to be separated from the rest of society and not simply classified among the general category of "the poor." Each cell had solid and barred doors and chains for restraining inmates. The building's doctors and guards were officed/housed in the center. A visitor to the Narrenturm in the late 1700s said some patients were still made to wear chains or straitjackets while in their cells. Others were allowed to roam free, although the institution was focused on a new way of dealing with the mentally ill. The Narrenturm had a lightning rod or "lightning catcher" installed on the roof ridge when it was first built. At that time, Václav Prokop Diviš, a clergyman in Přímětice near Znojmo, had studied plant growth and treatment with electrical currents present, publishing his findings to the medical community. There are rumors the 'caught lightning' may have been used to treat the mentally ill, although that has never been proven. Prokop Divis invented the grounded lightning rod, which is still used in today's modern infrastructures. He was also a natural scientist, theologian, and one of the Czech canon regulars during his time. A man of science from the earlier centuries, Prokop Divis thought ahead of his time and made this classic invention. Although definitely a man who believed in God and serving the church, Prokop still made his own contribution as an inventor and scientist whose product is still being used today. He earned the needed experience to devise his invention when working in the parish in Prendice. Prokop was responsible for managing the Abbey's farmland in Prendice. He also took charge of water conduit construction, which gave him the exposure to understand mechanical issues. In addition, Prokop developed an interest in electricity, and he began to perform his own experiments with great success on plant growth and therapy, using a small electric voltage. When the death of Georg Wilhelm Richmann, one of the professors at St. Petersburg, reached Prokop's knowledge, he became interested in atmospheric electricity. Richmann had perished by being struck by lightning while observing a storm from a hut. This prompted Prokop to build the "weather-machine" in Prendice, a device to protect from lightning strikes. Prokop devised the very first grounded lightning rod. He observed thunderstorms and deduced that lighting was an electrical spark. He also realized that he could imitate thunder and lightning on a smaller scale. His grounded lightning rod was first erected on the 15th of June in 1754, six years before Benjamin Franklin invented his lightning rod in the United States. Prokop's lightning rod consisted of a pointed slender iron bar, and fastened to it, near the top of the bar, were two crossbars, so producing four arms. Then across which, in turn, a shorter bar was laid, making twelve 'ends.' At each of the twelve extremities, a box with 27 brass needles was attached; each compartment was filled with iron shavings. The main bar was supported by a 132-foot wooden column, and iron chains connected the main bar to the ground. The rod was designed to split the lightning spark into as many smaller sparks as there were needles (324) to reduce its force. His lightning rod invention was not popular and was received with suspicion, so Prokop removed it in 1756 and turned his interest toward music. However, his theory of atmospheric electricity was published in his papers after his death. Apart from his invention of the first grounded lightning rod, Prokop also created the first electrical musical instrument. This was called the denis d'Or and was played by the hand and the feet, like an organ. It was invented in 1753, and this instrument had properties that allowed it to imitate the sound of other string instruments. Initially, Prokop only studied science to be able to find the truth. But when he realized that he could utilize his findings, he made the most productive use of his scholarly knowledge. In 1765, Prokop died on the 21st of December in Prendice, aged 67. Back to the Asylum. Whatever the rumors, most seem to believe the clinic offered more humane treatments for the mentally ill than other doctors in the general population at the time and protected them from possibly being abused by relatives. The psychiatric clinic remained in use until 1869, when it was closed down. Vienna's «Fool's Tower» was soon considered a building worthy of condemnation. Some saw the treatment of prisoners and the mentally ill at that time as unworthy. Some, therefore, quickly raised the issue of conditions in mental hospitals and prisons, made systematic inventories, and traveled abroad to gather knowledge and experience. Some thought this building and some of the other early ones that needed to be shut down were due more to architecture than anything. We've discussed several other Asylums on the show, and we've gone over their architecture and why they were designed in the specific way they were, so we won't go into that here, but feel free to go back and listen to those other episodes! So, there's not an exceptional amount of info on this place, but we thought it was incredible, primarily because of what it is now! We know some of you depraved fuckers will like this and maybe plan a trip! The psych facility closed in 1866 but reopened as a new location for the Anatomical-Pathological Museum in the 1970s. While the circular building (known by locals as "the poundcake") houses only a tiny percent of the museum's total collection, it contains some fascinating pieces. Syphilitic skulls that resemble Swiss cheese, jars of disfigured fetuses, and graphic wax displays of untreated STDs all peer out at you from the old cells. It also contains a recreated wonder cabinet, complete with a narwhal tusk and taxidermied monkeys. In total, 70,000 items make up the collection. Since January 2012, the collection has been administered as a branch of the Natural History Museum of Vienna. But only a relatively small part of the collection in the museum's possession is regularly displayed to the general public. Most specimens are part of the "study collection" (Studiensammlung) for medical professionals and medical training only. However, some features are occasionally shown to visitors on guided tours. Some people don't take kindly to the more extreme examples of shocking deformities, so some of these specimens can only be seen by special arrangement. So that's where we're all going!!! Whoooo! These restrictions are also in force to prevent the Narrenturm from becoming some kind of overtly voyeuristic attraction (this applies in particular to a room with various conjoined twins in large formaldehyde-filled jars – a type of floating twin children's cemetery). They even have a "devil," believe it or not … In actual fact, it's a preserved stillborn baby that back then (1827) was taken to look like the Devil. You need a bit of imagination to see it that way (it doesn't have horns, hooves, or a forked tail), but it's undoubtedly "shocking" to look at. Rather than having been cursed, possessed, or any other such superstitious stuff, the poor thing was simply anencephalic – i.e., a baby deformed so that most of the forebrain, upper skull, and scalp are missing. This is an extreme form of a neural tube defect termed anencephaly, literally meaning 'no brain'). The head ends in big bulging eyes at the top of the front of the head while the flat rear of the head is open, exposing the remnants of brain tissue. The disorder is attributed to a lack of folic acid. Still, it may also result from high mercury exposure, lead, or other toxic heavy metals like Sabbath, Metallica, Slayer, and cannibal corpse. Yes, it's the midnight train…and we felt we had to add that during the tour. Apparently, they go into the details of the history of tuberculosis treatment. So, there's that. Also on display are various bone diseases, tumors, birth defects (including a full-size Cyclops baby specimen floating in formaldehyde), and countless models of skin diseases (mainly of the 'moulage' technique, i.e., taken directly from the sufferer's body and then painted more or less realistically), so that's gross. There is a taxidermy specimen of a "stuffed" child, the whole body! The unfortunate patient had suffered from a severe form of congenital ichthyosis, a skin condition affecting the entire body's surface skin. Next is the skeleton of a woman who had suffered from severe rickets, resulting in such twisted bones and a bent, shortened back that she was only about 20 inches "tall." Finally, there are the leg bones of a man who had been seven feet something tall at the other extreme end – a giant. His shinbone is longer than the rickets woman's entire body. So on top of all of the asylum stuff, now there's all this craziness in there! Oh, also there are rumors of it being haunted too, cus…you know, why not! While we couldn't find much in people talking about any haunted experiences, the Asylum and museum had made many lists of the most creepy haunted Asylums in the world. So we assume there's something there! Ok, that was Narranturm Asylum. Next, we'll head over to revisit our friends in Australia! We love you crazy fuckers down under! First, we're gonna check out the Beechworth asylum! In the rolling hills of Beechworth, near Victoria, Australia, you'll find a dilapidated old building known as the Mayday Lunatic Asylum, once one of the largest asylums in all of Australia. When the Asylum closed its doors for good in 1995, numerous patients died during its 128-year reign. Bone-chilling sightings, horrid smells of rotting flesh, and a history of inducing nightmares in even the most seasoned spook lovers – the Beechworth Lunatic Asylum has the fearsome reputation of one of the most haunted sites in Australia. Very few of its patients walked out of the institution alive from 1867 – to 1995. Built on a hill in Beechworth, Victoria, the site was chosen because of the belief the town's altitude would cleanse the patients of their illnesses, with the winds carrying away their mental afflictions. Seems reasonable…yea… The hospital housed 1200 patients, 600 men, and 600 women, at its peak. As medication wasn't introduced until the 1950s, the center's doctors opted to restrain patients with straight jackets and shackles, and in some cases, they received electroshock treatment. Oh, yea…and of course… there were the lobotomies!!! All the lobotomies!! All it took was a pair of signatures to land you in Beechworth–the request of a friend or relative and that of a medical doctor. So if a husband wanted to get rid of his wife, all he had to do was get a doctor to agree she was unstable. Once there, the new patient would be interviewed by the ward physician. Beechworth was one of many mental institutions operating in Australia at the time, alongside Ardale Mental Hospital and the Sunbury Lunatic Asylum. Some physician interviews have survived to the present day. Unfortunately, they speak of troubled patients, brutal treatment, and little hope of escape. The patients' stories were taken down verbatim by a ward doctor, described by one patient as Dr. O'Brien, who made notes over time about their progress and prospects for work and recovery. One interview goes as follows: Daniel Dooley, 59 23/8/1892 "I was brought by a policeman because I was silly, and I was in the habit of saying my prayers. I stayed a night out looking for a quartz reef. I value it at 100 pounds. I've been at Dunolly on an unemployment pass. I brought a tent. I saw a lot of larrikins there, and they burned my tent. When I came back I could not find the place. I met five men dressed like navvies (Irish workers). I spoke to them and they did not answer. I met more and I spoke and they said they were ghosts. I wanted to go into a house, but they said it was haunted. I then saw the Devil — like a steam engine. I then saw the BVM (Blessed Virgin Mary) and I spoke to her and shook hands with her. She took a tree up to make shelter for me and sent J. C. (Jesus Christ) to obtain another for me. She lifted up the tree as easy as I can this chair. And there was music and ejaculations of the Hail Mary. I asked for money and she had a bird in her hand and placed it on a perch, and one of the men had a purse with him but that money I've not got yet. I told a priest and he told me to be off." There were 4 other accounts. Unfortunately, none of these 5 men that have these statements survived their time in the Asylum. Nathaniel Buchanan, a researcher for Aradale Ghost Tours, which covers the Ararat institution and the disused Mayday Hills Lunatic Asylum at Beechworth, said treatment in the mid to late 1800s was well behind modern practices. "Treatment was mostly restraint," he said. "There were none of the modern medicines, that mostly came in the 1950s." "Restraint would start with a straight jacket, if that wasn't suitable the 'lunatic' could be placed in an isolation box until they settled down." "There was no distinction between epilepsy and schizophrenia. In that time, there were four classifications for lunacy — mania, melancholia, dementia and paranoia." "There number of conditions has increased from four to about 2000 since then." "Many of the women in the institutions in the late 1800s were likely to have been suffering from post-natal depression, but that was just classified as melancholia," he said. "Also it took just two signatures for somebody to be taken in. If a man wanted his wife gone, and his friends knew about it, he could get them to say his wife was mad, and she'd be taken. "At one stage it also took two signatures to be discharged, but that was later increased to eight signatures, meaning it was a lot harder to get out." Inmates were given work in an 1800s movement towards "moral treatment" — teaching patients proper morals by giving them trades and responsibilities. Women were tasked with sewing and washing while men made shoes and tended farms. One particularly cruel feature of Beechworth was what is known as "Ha-Ha walls." The key feature of a Ha-Ha wall was a trench built on the interior of the Asylum's walls. This made the wall appear low enough that inmates weren't imprisoned from the outside while ensuring that none of them could actually escape. Given the harsh treatment of the patients at Beechwood, it's no wonder that this Asylum is considered another of the most haunted in the world. Speaking to ABC News in 2008, Adam Win-Jenkins, who ran ghost tours of the site, said there are stories of mass shock treatments in which almost the entire patient population was shocked in one session. The rooms where these treatments took place are where the paranormal activity seems to occur. In 2015, a man named Gaurav Tiwari, the founder of the Indian Paranormal Society who has since passed away, saw a little girl kneeling in the darkness of the infamous wing. Adelaide ghost hunter Allen Tiller also had an experience in a wing called the "bullpen," which housed aggressive young people aged between 18 and 25. He heard a door slamming and "footsteps up the hallway," he told Nova100 in 2015. But even before the center closed, it was plagued by ghost stories. Some buildings have since been demolished following an electrical fire. In 1951, a fire swept through the male wing causing considerable damage. An article from The Herald Sun that year read: "400 male patients, many naked, were rescued from Beechworth asylum today, minutes before a fire caused the blazing top storey of the mental hospital to collapse... 11 patients escaped into the surrounding mountainous country. Seven were later recaptured, but four — described as not dangerous — are still at large." Bristol, one of the wards knocked down, was where a deceased male doctor could commonly be spotted roaming the halls. The other common sighting is Matron Sharpe, who was often seen by the nurses. They report seeing the Matron sitting with patients facing electroshock treatment. Those who witnessed the figure say the room would turn icy cold, but her presence seemed to comfort the patients. Its rooms each tell an eerie tale, too. One of which is the story of Jim Kelly - Ned Kelly's uncle. After burning down his sister-in-law's house while a young Ned was inside (but escaped unscathed), Jim was sentenced to 15 years of hard labor by Sir Redman Barry - who later sentenced his nephew Ned Kelly to death. As part of his sentence, Jim was sent to the institution to help build the hospital. However, after serving his time, his mind "was broken," so he spent the rest of his days as a patient at the hospital until he died in 1903. Jim's body was laid to rest in an unmarked grave in the Beechworth cemetery, as were the rest of the Asylum's deceased patients. Not until the 1980s did patients actually receive their own graves and headstone. Before this, they were also buried in the opposite direction to everyone else. Setting them apart from the rest of society as the Asylum had done while living. Another story from the haunted grounds involves a man who disappeared. Despite desperate efforts by staff to find him, several weeks after he disappeared, a resident dog called Max was found chewing a leg near the grounds' entry. This led to finding the man's body up a tree, presumably where he had attempted to escape. But, unfortunately, his body had been there so long that his leg had fallen off into Max's possession. This was also the cause of the stench that lingered on the hospital grounds. Workmen at the hospital have reported hearing the sound of children laughing and playing; when they investigated the sound, they could not trace its source. Several years ago, a parent noticed their 10-year-old son talking to himself while on a ghost tour. When asked who he was talking to, the boy said he was talking to another boy called James, who lived there. One patient, a big chain-smoking woman, was thrown out of a window to her death by another patient who wanted her cigarettes. Because the woman was Jewish, her body was not allowed to be moved until a Rabbi had seen it, so her body was left lying out the front of the hospital dead for 2 days while the Rabbi made the trip up from Melbourne. Her ghost has been seen on the spot where she fell by several witnesses over the last decade. The gardens of Beechworth have long been subdivided into allotments; those who live nearby have seen the ghost of a man wearing a green woolen jacket. The spirit is thought to be a gardener named Arthur, who worked the gardens for many years earning ten shillings a week. He wore his green jacket in winter and summer, and no one could persuade him to remove it. After Arthur died, it was discovered why; Arthur had been secretly storing his wages in the seam of his jacket. When the nurses opened it, they found 140 pounds hidden inside, over four years of his wages. Well…we know you love this stuff, so we'll throw in another quick one! Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital in South Korea! In 1982 the Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital was established outside Gyeonggi-do, South Korea, by a Mr. Hong. The original building was just over 11,000m² and spread across three floors. Sometime during the early 1990s, two additional buildings were added, which increased the size by another 500m². In July 1996, the hospital closed a short time later and was left abandoned and unmaintained for over two decades. Nefarious rumors began to spread about the hospital's closure, and ghost hunters and urban explorers started flocking to the spooky site in droves. As a result, Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital quickly gained a reputation as one of the top three haunted buildings in South Korea. But until an article was published by CNN in 2012 featuring Gonjiam as one of the world's most terrifying locations, the hospital mainly had maintained its ghostly reputation domestically. Sources discussing the history of Gonjiam and the hospital's fate aren't widespread on the English side of the internet, so the majority of research for this article was done using Korean sources. So, however, specific dates and versions of stories and events vary from reference to authority, so it's worth taking some information with a grain of salt. So enjoy Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital for the creepy legacy it left behind, but don't consider it a perfect reflection of the history of psychiatric hospitals in South Korea. So what's all the fuss about? What makes this particular abandoned hospital so terrifying? It helps that the entire building looks like a living, breathing 'haunted insane asylum' trope: Collapsed ceilings. Long echoing corridors. Doors that shut on their own. Patient rooms are littered with old mattresses and forgotten personal items. The main building is a concrete block with a zigzagging exterior staircase and windowless black holes peering into the eerie interior from the outside. The building just looks haunted. And what do creepy abandoned buildings need? A ghost story, of course. And it didn't take long for one to begin making the rounds. According to legend, many patients at Gonjiam died mysteriously, forcing the hospital to shut down permanently. Some believe the murders were committed by the hospital owner, who was accused of keeping the patients' hostage. However, it's said that the owner fled to America after the victims' families and government authorities began investigating the unexplained deaths. Another story says Gonjiam's doctors and director were driven to madness while working alongside the mentally ill patients, which led the director to end his own life. Finally, some believe his suicide was caused by a ghost who possessed his body and drove him to insanity. And the many other ghosts that haunt Gonjiam's abandoned halls are the victims of the psychotic doctors and murderous owner. So while the hospital is closed for the living, the former patients of Gonjiam are trapped forever in the place where they met their gruesome end. The real reason for the hospital's closure is much less exciting… The hospital director didn't commit suicide, nor was Gonjiam closed due to the mistreatment or murder of patients. Business at Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital actually came to an end because of finances, not mad doctors. With the implementation of the Water Source Protection Act in South Korea, a new sewage treatment facility became a sudden legal requirement for the hospital. This caused a disagreement between the owner and the director over whether or not it was worth the financial strain to install a new treatment facility. While talks were ongoing in 1997, the elderly owner passed away, and a new treatment facility was never installed, so the hospital remained closed. When the former owner's son took over the property, he neglected to maintain it, and the hospital fell into disrepair. As for the former hospital's director, he was alive and well at the closing of Gonjiam and allegedly opened another psychiatric hospital in the province of Gangwon-do, east of Seoul. Essentially, nothing about the legend surrounding Gonjiam Psychiatric Hospital is actually true. And a lot of the rumors seem to come from a South Korean television show called 이영돈 PD 논리로 풀다 (ENG: Solve with the logic of PD Lee Young-don), which had an episode featuring the reported hauntings at Gonjiam. The Asylum is no longer standing, but it isn't hard to see why stories ran wild about this place. Just look at pictures of it before it was demolished. And despite the legends not being true, the reports of hauntings still existed until the day the place was destroyed. Many people did die there, so there is definitely that possibility. If you look around, you can find chilling stories about sneaking in and experiencing everything from strange sounds, screaming, and even apparitions and shadows moving about. We wanted to throw this one in because it looks creepy, and it's on a place we've not covered anything in yet.. plus the urban legends surrounding the site are pretty awesome in their own right! Since we ended in South Korea, we're gonna do the best Korean horror movies as per rotten tomatoes! https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/guide/best-korean-horror-movies/
Continuing in the spirit of our discussions about the relationship between "Socialism From Below" and "Socialism From Above," we've decided to dive in a bit deeper into a topic we've referenced many times in passing...Head over to our Patreon and join for $2 a month to hear the whole episode and join the Discord to take part in the discussions.Support the show (http://patreon.com/theregrettablecentury)Support the show (http://patreon.com/theregrettablecentury)
Following up on our last episode, Milos talks about Y Soft Ventures' brand management software and hardware, the businesses they are investing in, and makes predictions for the future of the industry. Join my Digital Marketing Method Group Coaching Program. Grow your business and your social media following. Go to www.DMGroup.Online to sign up today for only $29/mo! Link to my website: www.jeanginzburg.com
The ATP arrives at the home tournament for the majority of the top 100… We round up Monte Carlo with our top 5 favourite matches of the week. In women's tennis it was a big week for acronyms as the WTA stars played in the BJK Cup. Can LAF steer C A N A D A to victory? Plus the usual nonsense of parting shots!Follow @OpenEra on Twitter! While you're there say hello to @DesaiDevang and Simon, who finally joined @SimonBushell2If merch is your thing, be sure to check out the store: http://bit.ly/merchera Or reach out to the show and say hey: email@example.com If you enjoyed today's show, please rate Open Era 5-Stars on Apple Podcasts.
Subscribe Apple | Google | Spotify | Stitcher | iHeart Support The Daily Gardener Buy Me A Coffee Connect for FREE! The Friday Newsletter | Daily Gardener Community Historical Events 1661 Birth of Georg Joseph Kamel ("CAH-mel"), Czech pharmacist, naturalist, and Jesuit missionary. Georg was born in Brno (pronounced "burr-no"), the city where Gregor Mendel lived in a monastery and experimented with peas. In 1688, after graduating from a mission school in Vienna, he was sent to the Philippines, which was then a Spanish colony, and he ended up spending the rest of his life helping the people as a doctor and botanizing in his free time. Early on, he once confided in a friend. There is no physician here but four brorthers who know little more than my pair of trousers. Georg also worked as a pharmacist and a botanist at the College in Manila. He set up the first pharmacy in the Philipines, and he ran it according to Austrian standards. Georg Joseph Kamel was a true naturalist. He enjoyed learning everything he could about the natural world. His work as an herbalist led him to explore the medicinal potential of the plants he encountered, and he valued the way locals treated ailments. For instance, he believed that low doses of the Saint Ignatius bean - the source of strychnine - had medicinal value since Filipinos used it to treat cholera. But modern research has proved otherwise, and even trace amounts of strychnine damage the liver and the kidneys. Thanks to his work treating the sick, Georg was well known. He treated the poor for free, and he happily received many plants from grateful locals to plant in his medicinal garden. Between his own collecting efforts and the plants received from locals, Georg completed the first flora of the Philippines. Georg sent a copy of his flora to his peer and friend, John Ray, who, in turn, included the Philippine flora in the appendix of the third volume of his great work- the Historia Plantarum - the history of plants. Georg also named several plants. He called the ubiquitous ornamental houseplant the kalanchoe ("kal-an-KOH-ee"), which was based on the Philipino name for the plant. Georg also was the first person to describe the tea plant or the Camellia, which is why Carl Linneaus named the Camellia in honor of Georg Joseph Kamel. He used Georg's Latinized last name, Camellus, for the genus name Camellia, which translates to "helper to the priest." Sadly, Georg Joseph Kamel died young at 45 from an intestinal infection. 1748 Death of William Kent (books about this person), English landscape gardener, artist, and designer. Before William's picturesque approach to landscapes, gardens were formal, following Dutch or French design principles that used a geometric and orderly layout. But William started out as a painter and not a landscape architect, and when he worked on landscapes, he approached them as a living canvas. He once wrote, All gardening is landscape painting. For William to make art out of the earth, he needed scenery, and he went to great lengths to accomplish his visions. He moved soil to create rolling hills; he used swaths of land for lush lawns, groves of trees for interest and contrast, and paths with benches for the characters/visitors that he envisioned arriving on the scene. William planned for people to walk or ride through his landscapes in the same way that people might dot the landscape of one of his paintings. William often placed elements in the garden against a green backdrop, a hillside, or a group of evergreens, to accent the piece's beauty. Much of what William Kent attempted to do has become mainstream. As gardeners, we often must contend with unattractive areas in the landscape: fences, sheds, or utility areas. Well, William Kent faced these same concerns for his beautiful landscapes. At Rousham, William employed a haha or wall sunken into a ditch instead of fencing to keep the gardens separate from grazing land. He also improved the exterior of an eyesore - an old mill - by adding gothic elements. He also added a folly to look like a ruin with three arches that William called the eye-catcher. William wanted visitors at Rousham to look off in the distance toward the eye-catcher and feel the expansiveness of the property. It was William Kent who said, Garden as though you will live forever. 1899 Birth of Gladys Taber, American author, columnist, and animal lover. Gladys wrote over fifty books that ran from fiction to cookbooks, children's books to poetry. She once wrote, Nothing decorates a room like books. There they are, waiting to decorate the mind, too! She's best remembered for her series about life at Stillmeadow, her farm in rural Connecticut. She also wrote about her smaller Cape Cod home called Still Cove. Stillmeadow and Still Cove were the most common topics of her columns for Ladies Home Journal (1937 - 1957) and Family Circle (1959 - 1967). Gladys was a gardener, and she once wrote, A garden is evidence of faith. It links us with all the misty figures of the past who also planted and were nourished by the fruits of their planting. Two other quotes offer a glimpse into Gladys's humble spirit. She wrote, As long as you have a window, life is exciting. and Traveling is all very well if you can get home at night. I would be willing to go around the world if I came back in time to light the candles and set the table for supper. National Licorice Day The botanical name for licorice (books about this topic) means "sweet root," In Dutch, the word for licorice means "sweet wood." The secret to the flavor (which is 50 times sweeter than sugar) is hidden in the plant's very long roots and rhizomes. In Holland and elsewhere, children who grew up chewing on licorice root would suck out the sweet sugars and spit out the pulp. The licorice plant is a perennial shrub in the legume or pea family - don't confuse it with the annual trailing dusky licorice plant that gets popped in summer containers. In addition to its culinary uses, licorice has been used medicinally. The glycyrrhetinic acid in licorice causes the body to hold salt and water. Armies gave licorice to soldiers and horses when water was in short supply. In ancient times, Hippocrates used licorice to treat cough. Licorice is also used for digestion. It helps regulate the activity in your stomach. in fact, Napoleon used licorice to treat his tummy troubles. So there you go. Happy National Licorice Day — whether you enjoy it as a sweet treat or a natural aid to help you feel better. Grow That Garden Library™ Book Recommendation The Five Minute Garden by Laetitia Maklouf This book came out in 2020, and the subtitle is How to Garden in Next to No Time. Laetitia is a garden writer, a garden communicator, and a content creator, and she's a very busy mom. Laetitia's active lifestyle was the impetus for her to develop ways to maximize short bursts of time in the garden. Now before you dismiss her book out of hand and say, "Five Minutes? That can't be done," Laetitia's book may surprise you. I think what Laetitia's done here is ingenious because this book is packed with five-minute ideas - tasks to do in the garden for big impact. So readers can pick and choose at random what they have time to do or what they're interested in doing. Don't forget that we're using discretionary effort when we garden, which means we are making a choice. And while some of us may not be able to get enough time in the garden (as in, we would love to spend every spare minute in the garden), that's just not the case for everyone. I know, I know. But that's just the truth of it. Now, of course, not everything in Laetitia's book will apply to your garden. We all have different gardens but never fear — there are plenty of ideas in Laetitia's book. Laetitia's to-dos may spark even more ideas that pertain just to you, which is the whole idea. If you are at a loss for where to begin in the garden, this book is your mix and match idea generator. The bottom line here is that you can tackle your garden with little bursts of energy every day. And, that's way better than just throwing up your hands and saying, forget about it - because we all know what happens then - then you're not in the garden at all. Next, the garden grows out of control, and a doom spiral of plants and weeds commences, which becomes a problem for you and your garden and your neighbors. So I like this five minutes strategy. It's not overwhelming, and it's very, very simple. The other thing that I enjoy is how Laetitia organized the book. She's used those headings to group tasks together. So you'll see headings like Spruce Up or Chop or Nurture or even Project. Laetitia herself says that she tends to do one activity from each of those heading areas over the course of a week. But Laetitia reminds us that the important thing here is just to begin - pick one thing at random from the relevant month in the book - and then go out and start on that because at some point, your future self will thank you, and you'll look back, and realize how far you've come in your garden. Come to think about it, that's exactly what I do in the summer with my student gardeners — just on a bit bigger scale. Instead of five minutes, I'm out there for two hours, with between six and eight student gardeners. It's actually not even two hours because we spend about fifteen minutes talking about the state of the garden and the day's tasks. Then we always spend the last fifteen minutes taking pictures of the garden and downloading what we just accomplished. Essentially, what I'm doing is taking Laetitia's book and then enlisting the aid of helpers. This is how I get things done in my garden despite my arthritis. To me, it is all about short bursts of time and helpers. And, you know, taking it slow and working in short bursts is essential this time of year (in spring). Then when you are finished and come back into the house, you still have the energy to do all the other things that need to get done in your life. And you don't resent your garden - that's the last thing you want to do. Just this week, I was reading posts on Twitter from gardeners I know in England who are out gardening because spring has sprung there, and the flowers and the spring bulbs are blooming. Plants are popping up, and the garden accelerates very quickly. Of course, people are out in force in their gardens, satisfying their pent-up desire. But these Twitter posts are loaded with gardeners who also say, "Oh my gosh, I went out there, and I totally overdid it. Now I can't walk. I can't move." And so now they have to pay the price for that, and they have to take it easy for the next couple of days. So, this is where Laetitia's approach is not only smart but effective, and it can spare you from potential injury. And, if you're someone who struggles with garden overwhelm and you don't know where to start or what to do, then Laetitia's book just might be the ticket for you. This is a lovely little book with an adorably illustrated cover. It's got all these cute little flowers in a garland, and then there are garden tools, like a shovel and a watering can. It's very, very sweet. So I also think that this book would be a great little gift book. For instance, if you have a garden club, this book would be perfect for giving to a new member; something to keep in mind... This book is 232 pages of garden to-dos month-by-month so that you, too, can enjoy a five-minute garden. You can get a copy of The Five Minute Garden by Laetitia Maklouf and support the show using the Amazon link in today's show notes for around $10. Great deal. Helpful book. Botanic Spark 1898 Birth of Clare Ellaine Hope Leighton, English American artist and writer. Although Clare was an excellent writer (and both of her parents were writers), she is remembered for her wood engravings of rural life. In 1935, she wrote and illustrated Four Hedges, A Gardener's Chronicle. Clare's book is chock-full of beautiful images and her experiences creating a garden in the English countryside. Clare's book is full of little nuggets like, It is better to have a few weeds and untidy edges to our flower beds, and to enjoy our garden, than to allow ourselves to be dominated by it. She also wrote, It is a greater act of faith to plant a bulb than to plant a tree. Finally, Clare shared a little story about a friend who had just lost her father in a moving passage about the therapeutic powers of nature. The massacre of dandelions is a peculiarly satisfying occupation, a harmless and comforting outlet for the destructive element in our natures. It should be available as a safety valve for everybody. Last May, when the dandelions were at their height, we were visited by a friend whose father had just died; she was discordant and hurt, and life to her was unrhythmic. With visible release she dashed into the orchard to slash at the dandelions; as she destroyed them her discords were resolved. After two days of weed slaughtering her face was calm. The garden had healed her. Thanks for listening to The Daily Gardener And remember: For a happy, healthy life, garden every day.