A look at the political parties in Romania Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: https://whydocountriesexist.libsyn.com/ Feedback/request forum: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf5m6cVniic8zkY13UZmUAxwLTNuVdBEkYqHmQCvvyAkGcUSg/viewform?usp=sf_link Recorder documentary: https://youtu.be/dV7csY0mRgM Intro 0:00 Background and political structure 0:57 Social Democratic Party (PSD) 3:05 National Liberal Party (PNL) 5:19 Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) 7:16 Save Romania Union (USR) 9:11 Alliance for the Union of Romania (AUR) 11:17 Small minorities parties 14:04 People's Movement Party (PMP) 15:16 Pro Romania Party 16:34 Outro 17:17
Subscribe to the podcast! https://podfollow.com/everythingeverywhere/ You've probably heard of artificial intelligence systems which have gotten so good that they can beat the best humans at Go, chess, and even Jeopardy. However, over 200 years ago one Hungarian engineer created a mechanical device that could defeat the world's greatest chess players. Sort of. Learn more about The Mechanical Turk and how it convinced people for over 80 years that it could play chess, on this episode of Everything Everywhere Daily. http://www.audibletrial.com/EverythingEverywhere -------------------------------- Associate Producers: Peter Bennett & Thor Thomsen Become a supporter on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/everythingeverywhere Discord Server: https://discord.gg/UkRUJFh Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/everythingeverywhere/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/everywheretrip Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/EEDailyPodcast/ Website: https://everything-everywhere.com/everything-everywhere-daily-podcast/
First, Rachel heads to Nyírbátor, Hungary to tell the tale of Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed - a Hungarian noblewoman and purported serial killer & sadist that bathed in blood to stay young. Then, Emily honors Transgender Day of Remembrance (Nov. 20) by telling us the history of San Fransisco's brutality against trans people and the Compton's Cafeteria Riot of 1966, the first act of resistance against police brutality (even before Stonewall). If you are a member of the trans community and need support, several resources listed below: Trans Lifeline: US - (877) 565-8860Canada - (877) 330-6366The Trevor Project - https://www.thetrevorproject.org/get-help/ ACLU - https://www.aclu.org/ National Center for Transgender Equality - https://transequality.org/Allies of Trans Individuals, here are some great resources for you: GLAAD - https://www.glaad.org/transgender/allies Human Rights Campaign - https://www.hrc.org/resources/be-an-ally-support-trans-equalityLearn more about Horrible History, contact us and check out our new merch store at: www.horriblehistorypodcast.comSources:GLAAD - TDORThe GuardianAdvocateNPRBBCStudents for ChangeScreaming Queens documentary All That's InterestingSyFyHistory HitWikipediaTrip AdvisorNyirbator CsekokavehazHello Travel Europe Between East and West Support the show (https://www.patreon.com/horriblehistory)
The Milton Berle Show, originally broadcast November 18, 1947, A Salute to the Opera. Miltie buys a new suit and gets a real bargain...a Hungarian goat herder's costume! Also Claudia, originally broadcast November 18, 1947, Harley and Julia Return
In this episode, Iain Macintosh speaks to Andrew James from Sports Interactive to get all the top tips when it comes to training. Seb Stafford-Bloor off the Tifo says hello from his home of Hamburg in More Than A Score. Alex Stewart, also off the Tifo from, passes on his FM 22 advice in What Did You Learn? Jack aka Work The Space talks about the twenty year old grand old game Halo in What Else Do You Play? Plus your letters cover Hungarian title races, Cruyff throw-ins and save-scumming!
This week on Privacy Please, the gang has the honor of interviewing, Lydia Knab, Global Data Privacy Officer! We discuss a wide array of topics around Privacy and learn from her very interesting story that found her way into the big world of Pharma. Mini CV on Lydia:Swiss, Hungarian, and German national – moved to the US less than a year ago (yes, I speak German, Hungarian and French)Went to law school, specialized in(bio-) ethics and pharmaceutical law and data privacy governance (risk, data governance, legal, compliance, and operations)Spent a few years as an operations officer in a Swiss bank, became the first woman named chief privacy officer in a Swiss bank, and helped build their privacy programStarted my new role as a global privacy officer in a big pharma company a few months ago – love the return to pharma after my banking experienceDISCLAIMER: Lydia is not speaking on the company's behalf and that her views are her own
"We're living in a time of shrinking borders and a rise of ethnonationalism. Literature is a privileged means of accessing other parts of the world and other peoples." World literature expert David Damrosch is here, armed with his new book Around the World in 80 Books. With the lofty goal of bringing the reader on an entire world tour through 80 literary works, Damrosch creates many hurdles through which he must jump. First off, how does one go about compiling such a list? How does one judge quality of works from far away places and times? How can great literature even exist in a world of cancellations and trigger warnings? This and much more is explored in the wide-ranging conversation. Support Talking Beats. David Damrosch is Ernest Bernbaum Professor of Literature and Chair of the Department of Comparative Literature at Harvard University. He is a past president of the American Comparative Literature Association, and is the founder of the Institute for World Literature (www.iwl.fas.harvard.edu). He was trained at Yale and then taught at Columbia from 1980 until he moved to Harvard in 2009. He has written widely on issues in comparative and world literature, and is the author of The Narrative Covenant: Transformations of Genre in the Growth of Biblical Literature (1987), We Scholars: Changing the Culture of the University (1995), Meetings of the Mind (2000), What Is World Literature? (2003), The Buried Book: The Loss and Rediscovery of the Great Epic of Gilgamesh (2007), How to Read World Literature (2009, 2017), Comparing the Literatures: Literary Studies in a Global Age (2020), and Around the World in 80 Books (2021). He is the founding general editor of the six-volume Longman Anthology of World Literature (2004, 2009) and of The Longman Anthology of British Literature (4th ed. 2009), and editor of Teaching World Literature (2009) and of World Literature in Theory (2014). Co-edited works include The Routledge Companion to World Literature (2d ed. 2022), Approaches to Teaching the Works of Orhan Pamuk (2017), Futures of Comparative Literature: ACLA State of the Discipline Report (2017), Crime Fiction as World Literature (2016), and The Princeton Sourcebook in Comparative Literature (2009). His translation of Georges Ngal's Giambatista Viko, ou le viol du discours africain is forthcoming from the Modern Language Association in 2022. He has lectured in some fifty countries around the world, and his work has been translated into an eclectic variety of languages, including Arabic, Chinese, German, Hungarian, Japanese, Polish, Spanish, Turkish, and Vietnamese.
Episode 236: On November 6, 1999, Canberra grandmother Irma Palasics was on the floor of her home, her face gaffe taped, drowning in her own blood from a broken nose as violent intruders ransacked the home, looking for money and valuables. Her husband Gregor was also brutally assaulted and was unconscious for a time and he made the call to emergency services to report his wife's murder. Irma's grandson John Makita feels that the case is tantalisingly close to being solved but frustratingly, despite a few breakthroughs on the case and a $500,000 reward, no one has been arrested. Police believe that members of the Hungarian community in Melbourne can provide the vital clue to the identity of the people who killed Irma. This was a brutal crime and as we've seen with some cold cases in recent years, it can just take one call, or the smallest piece of information that can bring families some answers. This case can be solved. You can watch the 60 Minutes interview from Season 2014 about the case here: https://www.9now.com.au/60-minutes/2014 (you need to create a Nine Now account) John Makita runs and maintains a website https://www.whokilledirma.com.au/ that has lots of information and videos. If you have been affected by anything discussed in this episode you can phone Lifeline on 13 11 14 or https://www.lifeline.org.au/ If you have any information on the cases covered by this podcast,please contact Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000. Support this show http://supporter.acast.com/australiantruecrime. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information. Like us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/Australian-True-Crime-with-Meshel-Laurie-and-Emily-Webb-968806949920266/?fref=ts Follow us on Instagram https://www.instagram.com/australiantruecrimepodcast/ Twitter https://twitter.com/australiantcpod?lang=en Support us on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/AustTrueCrimePod Visit our Bookshop https://australiantruecrimepodcast.com/bookshop This is a Smart Fella production in conjunction with the acast creator network.Support this show http://supporter.acast.com/australiantruecrime. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Dr. Johanna Mellis, a former D1 swimmer and current history professor at Ursinus College, joins Lera for a lively conversation on the history of sports in Hungary during the Cold War. They also touch on the Olympics (past and present), sport diplomacy, and the development of competitive sports on an international plane. For a great visual timeline of Sport in the Cold War and further related resources and collections, visit the Wilson's Center digital archive: https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/theme/sport-in-the-cold-war ABOUT THE GUEST https://www.ursinus.edu/live/image/scale/3x/gid/7/width/250/height/250/38576_171-Ursinus2021_copy.rev.1635790475.jpg Dr. Mellis is assistant professor in the history department at Ursinus College. She was a D1 swimmer at the College of Charleston from 2004-2008 and co-captain of the team from 2006-2008. She was the Colonial Athletic Association (CAA) conference champion in the 400 Individual Medley in 2006, and a bronze medalist that year in the 200 butterfly. She later coached at High Tide Aquatics and Gator Swim Club in Gainesville, FL while getting her MA and PhD at the University of Florida. Dr. Mellis's research focuses on Cold War sport. Her manuscript, Changing the Global Game: Hungarian Athletes and International Sport During the Cold War, examines Hungarian sportspeople's interactions with the International Olympic Committee from 1948-1989. Changing the Global Game shows how Hungarian athletes, Socialist Hungarian state sport officials, and the IOC gradually realized by the 1960s that sporting cooperation with one another - and not East-West political clashes nor resistance - was the way to achieve their respective aims of sport success, career and financial stability, and political and institutional strength. Dr. Mellis is also a cohost of the End of Sport podcast with Drs. Nathan Kalman-Lamb and Derek Silva. They interview athletes, critical sports journalists, and fellow academics to explore all the ways that people use sport to harm others - i.e. through racist mascotry, the NCAA and higher ed's exploitation of Black and Brown college athletic workers, sexual abuse and harassment, transphobia, and more. Through the End of Sport (endofsport.com), she has co-authored pieces for public outlets such as The Chronicle of Higher Ed, The Guardian, Time, The Baffler, and more. She also has sole-authored pieces with The Washington Post and Arizona State University's Global Sport Matters. Follow her on Twitter @JohannaMellis and check out some of her articles referenced in this episode: The ISL article: https://ussporthistory.com/2020/10/16/the-international-swimming-league-is-trying-to-forge-a-new-path-for-professional-swimmers-but-it-is-working-with-an-authoritarian-country/ WaPo article on Biles: https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2021/08/02/by-taking-care-herself-simone-biles-may-transform-sports/ The Guardian article on racial dynamics in sport: https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2021/mar/17/college-sports-racial-dynamics Please send an email to email@example.com with any questions, comments, or guest suggestions. Thank you and we look forward to connecting! PRODUCER'S NOTE: This episode was recorded on August 24th, 2021 via Zoom. CREDITS Host/Co-Producer: Lera Toropin (@earlportion) Co-Producer: Cullan Bendig (@cullanwithana) Assistant Producer: Zach Johnson Assistant Producer: Sergio Glajar Assistant Producer: Misha Simanovskyy Assistant Producer/Administrator: Kathryn Yegorov-Crate Executive Assistant: Katherine Birch Recording, Editing, and Sound Design: Michelle Daniel Music Producer: Charlie Harper (Connect: facebook.com/charlie.harper.1485 @charlieharpermusic) www.charlieharpermusic.com (Main Theme by Charlie Harper and additional background music by Charlie Harper and Michelle Daniel, Kai Engel, and Ketsa) Executive Producer & Creator: Michelle Daniel (Connect: facebook.com/mdanielgeraci Instagram: @michelledaniel86) www.msdaniel.com DISCLAIMER: Texas Podcast Network is brought to you by The University of Texas at Austin. Podcasts are produced by faculty members and staffers at UT Austin who work with University Communications to craft content that adheres to journalistic best practices. The University of Texas at Austin offers these podcasts at no charge. Podcasts appearing on the network and this webpage represent the views of the hosts, not of The University of Texas at Austin. https://files.fireside.fm/file/fireside-uploads/images/9/9a59b135-7876-4254-b600-3839b3aa3ab1/P1EKcswq.png Special Guest: Johanna Mellis.
Andrew Garfield talks about his role in Tick, Tick… Boom!, about a promising young theatre composer who on the cusp of his 30th birthday navigates love, friendship and the pressures of life as an artist in New York City. Plus reviews of Clint Eastwood's neo-Western Cry Macho, about a one-time rodeo star and washed-up horse breeder who takes a job to bring a man's young son home and away from his alcoholic mother; Mothering Sunday, starring Olivia Colman and Colin Firth in a film about a maid living in post-World War I England who secretly plans to meet with the man she loves before he leaves to marry another woman; Keyboard Fantasies, about Beverly Glenn-Copeland, a Black transgender musician, who becomes a cult icon three decades after the release of his album Keyboard Fantasies; documentary Becoming Cousteau, which takes a look at the life, passions, achievements and tragedies surrounding the famous explorer and environmentalist; Hungarian war drama Natural Light and documentary Procession, about a group of survivors of sexual abuse by Catholic priests who battle for justice. Send us your sub 20 second instant reaction to any film attached to an email to firstname.lastname@example.org for our feature ‘Lobby Correspondents'. Download our podcast from the Baby Sea Clowns app. We welcome your contributions: Email: email@example.com Twitter: @wittertainment 00:25:10 Top ten 00:52:28 Andrew Garfield 01:07:72 Tick Tick Boom review 01:14:23 Cry Macho 01:25:09 Procession 01:33:49 Mothering Sunday 01:41:54 Natural Light 01:46:20 Keyboard Fantasies 01:49:47 Dettori
YMH Live 7 is happening November 18! Get your tickets here: https://livestream.ymhstudios.com/ SPONSORS: - Go to https://ShipStation.com, click on the microphone at the top, and enter in YMH, to get a 60-day free trial, just in time for the holidays! - Go to https://saatva.com/theshit for $200 off your order - Go to https://Squarespace.com/MOM for a free trial and when you're ready to launch, and use the offer code MOM to save 10% off your first purchase of a website or domain - Go to https://LiquidIV.com and enter code "MOM" for 25% off - Head to https://policygenius.com to get started right now. When it comes to insurance, it's nice to get it right - Download Best Fiends FREE today on the Apple App Store or Google Play - Try Theragun for THIRTY-DAYS starting at only $199 by going to https://Therabody.com/MOM and get your Gen 4 Theragun today! - Save up to 65% off your subscription when you go to https://BABBEL.com/MOM. This week on YMH with Tom Segura and Christina P. #TheGloveComic is back and he's putting that glove in your face! We have a super cool guy giving us a super cool message to all the ladies out there (with a Thanksgiving theme)! We talk about Anne Heche and Ellen Degeneres, bush sizes, and betas that don't eat butts. The main mommies are celebrating their anniversary and they're trying to figure out how they should celebrate 13 years together. Christina talks about Hungarian drinking culture and her cool dads growing up. We get an update on what Tom and Christina are watching: the new season of Netflix's "You," Game of Thrones and Squid Game! Why are Koreans so good at drama? Let's call Bobby Lee and find out! Christina brings her up her favorite new documentary out of the UK, "Breastfeeding My Boyfriend." We review some Horrible or Hilarious and watch some really cool confrontations in public, which leads to the main mommies to share some of their own crazy confrontations. Christina shares a couple stories she's never shared before (even with Tom) about what a lunatic goth kid she was. We wrap up with a bunch of heart felt TikTok curations by Christina!
She makes it look easy, flying around the oval at world class times, but for Speed skater Ivanie Blondin, the years since her medal-less return from the PyeongChang winter games have been marked by deep depression and poor mental health. Strangely enough, the versatile long-track athlete takes comfort in that history. Her attitude is: if she can still post winning times, even when she's not feeling anywhere near top form, then she has to admit, the process is working. Fresh off becoming the new national champion in the 1500m –while still feeling sub par- the skater sat down to chat with Player's Own Voice host Anastasia Bucsis, surrounded by a small menagerie of rescue animals. Blondin lays out her plans for the road to Beijing, and goes deep into the unusual living arrangements she and her husband, Hungarian speed skater Konrad Nagy, find themselves in, as the two athletes train and practise an ocean apart in Canada and Europe. Blondin has tasted competition peaks and valleys and she is making no secret of her drive to perform better than ever at the Beijing Olympics.
Understanding bible translations as a key to Jewish history. Leonard J. Greenspoon holds the Philip M. and Ethel Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization at Creighton University, where he is also Professor of Theology and of Classical & Near Eastern Studies. Greenspoon is the editor of the 32-volume (and counting) Studies in Jewish Civilization series. He has also written five other books, in addition to his most recent one on Jewish Bible translations. Additionally, he has served on translation committees for five versions. In 2018, Greenspoon was the recipient of a Festschrift: Found in Translation: Essays on Jewish Bible Translation in Honor of Leonard J. Greenspoon. At the 2019 annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, he was the featured scholar honored in a section titled “Wisdom of the Ages.” For 2020, Greenspoon was named researcher of the year at Creighton. Examining a wide range of translations over twenty-four centuries, "Jewish Bible Translations: Personalities, Passions, Politics, Progress delves into the historical, cultural, linguistic, and religious contexts of versions in eleven languages: Arabic, Aramaic, English, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Russian, Spanish, and Yiddish. Greenspoon profiles many Jewish translators—among them Buber, Hirsch, Kaplan, Leeser, Luzzatto, Mendelssohn, Orlinsky, and Saadiah Gaon—framing their aspirations within the Jewish and larger milieus in which they worked. He differentiates their principles, styles, and techniques—for example, their choice to emphasize either literal reflections of the Hebrew or distinctive elements of the vernacular language—and their underlying rationales. As he highlights distinctive features of Jewish Bible translations, he offers new insights regarding their shared characteristics and their limits. Additionally, he shows how profoundly Jewish translators and interpreters influenced the style and diction of the King James Bible.
An hour of first hand accounts from the past. Starting with a crackdown on opposition voices in Eritrea from twenty years ago, plus memories of the 1956 Hungarian uprising, the Nuremberg trials, a breakthrough in orthopaedics, and how the fictional character Fu Manchu prejudiced popular opinion against China and the Chinese for decades.
Queens of the Mines features the authentic stories of gold rush women who blossomed from the camouflaged, twisted roots of California. These are true stories, with some of my own fabrication of descriptive details. It is recommended that you start this series from the first episode. In this episode of Queens of the Mines, we will meet a theatre and burlesque sensation with a secret past, who will reveal herself as California's 19th century Queen of Temptation. This is a true story, from America's Largest Migration, The Gold Rush. In Berlin, 1843 in a cyclone of cigarette smoke and sexuality, Tsar Nikolai I of Russia and King Friedrich Wilhelm IV were indulging in a private dance from the seductive Spanish dancer and burlesque performer Donna Lola Montez. Lola Montez enchanted or appalled everyone she met. While Montez was there in Prussia, Prince Albrecht, the King's brother, soon took the showgirl as his lover for a wild affair. Yet, like her kind, Donna Lola Montez was more than normally vain, selfish, ruthless, and immoral and the seductress had eventually tired of the prince's company. One afternoon, she greatly embarrassed him publicly during a royal picnic. Humiliated, in front of the entire court, he demanded that she leave his realm. “That's not such a long trip,” she said with sass as she turned dramatically towards her carriage and away she went, to Russia. Montez believed it was her destiny to be royalty, she wanted a castle. While in Russia, she was courted by one of the great magnates of St. Petersburg, Prince Schulkowski. Lola failed to secure her royal marriage with the Russian Prince and then headed to France. In Paris Lola Montez began a relationship with the former English Hussar, Francis Leigh. Lola's jealous tendencies were less than to be desired, and she ended up running him off with a pistol in a rage. Queens of the Mines features the authentic stories of gold rush women who blossomed from the camouflaged, twisted roots of California. These are true stories, with some of my own fabrication of descriptive details. It is recommended that you start this series from the first episode. In this episode of Queens of the Mines, we will meet a theatre and burlesque sensation with a secret past, who will reveal herself as California's 19th century Queen of Temptation. This is a true story, from America's Largest Migration, The Gold Rush. The preceding program features stories that contain adult content including violence which may be disturbing to some listeners, or secondhand listeners. So, discretion is advised. Lola spent the following year in Paris, frequenting high-society saloons with the most fashionable bohemians of the day. There was something provoking and voluptuous about her. The purity of the dancer's white skin, her mouth like a budding pomegranate, blue eye tameless and wild, wavy bronze hair with dark shadows, like the tendrils of the woodbine curled almost childishly back from her face. Montez led the most extravagant lifestyle, and it was financed by the collection of wealthy men she had seduced. In that year, she became the mistress of the author responsible for The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers, Alexandre Dumas. As well as the famous Hungarian composer Franz Liszt. The composer fell deeply in love with her, so much so that he dedicated a sonata, a long piece of classical music to their love. She ended the year by marrying the part-owner of the French Newspaper La Presse, Charles Alexandre Dujarier. Months after the wedding, during a night of drunken gambling, her new husband offended a man and was killed in a duel. Lord Momsbury, the elderly and proper Englishmen had taken pity on Lola after her husband's death, and Montez as usual, took advantage of the kindness of her admirers. Lord Momsbury hosted a benefit concert for Lola, where she made connections there that would eventually lead to an engagement at her majesty's theatre in London and funded her further travels. After the performance at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, Lola made her way back to Prussia. The following year, she found herself performing for the ageing King Ludwig I of Bavaria. After she performed a private burlesque performance for him, the King was intrigued. The robed man pointed inquiringly toward her well-formed bosom and he asked the woman, ‘Nature or art?' Lola responded by cutting open the front of her dress, exposing nature's endowment. The King instantly fell in love with Lola Montez. He spoiled her rotten, and made her dream a reality when he gave the showgirl her own castle, with a pension. The King named her the Countess Marie von Landsfeld, but he personally called her Lolita. As Countess Marie von Landsfeld, Lola Montez was able to win support from the radical university students in Bavaria. However, the Bavarian aristocracy and even the middle class had refused to acknowledge her as Countess. One general was even said to have declared, “I've never seen such a demon! She said I would see what a spirited woman could accomplish when she set all the levers of intrigue into motion. During her time in Bavaria, entire ministries had risen and fallen at the beautiful seductress' doing. Thousands gathered and rioted the streets, on February 7, 1848 demanding the expulsion of Lola Montez. The crowd echoed with the chanting, “down with the whore”. The King gave in to his people, and his Lolita had vanished to Switzerland then to London. In London, George Trafford Heald her newest husband had bailed her out after an arrest. Heald put his hand on his wife's knee, in a weak attempt to comfort her. Lola hastily pulled it away, turning her body to the window, gazing at the scenery as they were approaching Madrid. He had by now had given up in the attempt to console the stubborn woman during the last hours of their journey. He was only a British cavalry officer, but attracted the woman when he had received a large inheritance. Heald was 20 to her 27, the age difference as well as Lola's notoriety scandalised his wealthy family. The life of royalty and great political influence was now three years behind her, and it was taking some getting used to. A decade before Heald and Montez were in that carriage, rolling into Madrid, on the same road, the young irish Eliza Rosanna was ready to start fresh and the culture there in Spain was new and exotic to her. Her father's regiment had been posted in India as a toddler, and he died of cholera when she was three and her mother was seventeen. Her mother married the Major John Craigie who was a general of the British army in India. They sent Eliza to a boarding school in England and when Eliza was 16 years old, she received word that she was to return to India. Her mother and step father had arranged her to marry a wealthy, 64-year-old judge. On the passage to India, Eliza met a handsome, 30-year-old Irish lieutenant returning home on sick leave. His name was Thomas James. She nursed James back to health in his cabin during the voyage. The two of them did not remain in India long, and to avoid the arranged marriage, Eliza and Lieutenant Thomas James eloped and set off for Ireland. There, she soon found out that her new husband was a violent man and their scandalous marriage was ultimately unhappy. When James needed to rejoin his regiment in 1839, the couple returned, and her beauty made her the new toast of British India. A title previously held by her mother. While living in India, James strayed with the wife of another captain, Eliza saw it as an easy way out. She decided to leave him, and return to Britain. As the ship left the dock, a dashing army officer caught her eye. George Lennox, the grandson of the Duke of Richmond. Surrounded by peeping eyes, their affair blossomed and the couple perhaps enjoyed putting on a show. The door of Lennox's cabin had swung open rather too often, revealing him lacing Eliza's corset or sitting on the bed, watching her rolling up her stockings. The Captain was so infuriated that he barred Eliza from George's table. When they arrived in London, Lennox set Eliza up as his mistress and introduced her to several influential men. The news of her affair eventually made its way back to Thomas James and he sued her for divorce. Eliza lost everything in the separation on the ground of her adultery on a shipboard with another soldier, even though it was James who strayed first. The terms of the divorce prohibited neither party to remarry, as long as they were both living. The affair with Lennox did not last long, and he soon abandoned Eliza. She was left with no means of support. She now faced the dilemma that many 'fallen' women in that era faced, virtually unemployable as a governess or a lady's companion. So, there Eliza Rosanna stood on the dusty street in Madrid, looking up and down the street in either direction, and then back into the window of the establishment where she was to begin studying dance that day. Mobs of men and horses pulling carts were barely dodging the brave nineteen year old girl. “That was then, and this is now,” she said out loud. Snubbing out a cigar in the dirt, she stood up tall, and walked in as if she owned the damn place. HER MAJESTY'S THEATRE June 3, 1843 SPECIAL ATTRACTION! Mr. Benjamin Lumley begs to announce that, between the acts of the Opera, Donna Lola Montez will have the honour to make her first appearance in England in an Original Spanish dance. Mr. Benjamin Lumley sat with Lola in his office at Her Majesty's Theatre in London. "If you make a hit," he said, "you shall have a contract for the rest of the season. It all depends on yourself." Lola, smiled and nodded to the man. She wanted nothing better. As she left the managerial office, she felt as if she was treading on air. Lola stood at the wings, in a black satin bodice and flounced pink silk skirt she waited for her cue. Lumley passed her one last time, giving her a nod of encouragement. "Capital," he said, rubbing his whiskers. "Most attractive. You'll be a big success, my dear." The conductor lifted his baton, and she took in a deep breath. Everything had led up to this moment. The heavy curtains slowly were drawn aside and her heart began to race with excitement. Under a cross-fire of opera glasses, Lola bounded on to the stage and executed her initial pirouette. Her slender waist swayed to the music as she swept round the stage. Her graceful head and neck bent with it like a flower that bends with the impulse given to its stem by the fitful temper of the wind. There was a sudden hush at the finish of the number, she stepped up to the footlights and awaited the verdict. All was well, a storm of applause filled the air. Past the footlights, she could see Lumley from his place in the wings, he was beaming with approval. His enterprise would be greatly rewarded with the débutantes success. There was no doubt about it. Lola thought to the moment where she would sign her contract with him and Her majesty's Theatre. Then, breaking her daydream, an ominous hiss suddenly split the air. It was coming from the occupants of Lord Ranelagh's stage box. The audience gasped in astonishment, and looking to Lord Ranelagh, he shouted, "Egad!" he exclaimed in a loud voice, "that's not Lola Montez at all. It's Eliza Rosanna James, an Irish girl who had committed adultery against Lieutenant Thomas James and vanished. Ladies and gentlemen, we're being properly swindled!" Eliza, unable to remarry under her own name, had reinvented herself as a Spanish aristocrat's daughter with an imperious manner. Donna Lola Montez, well, Eliza Rosanna rushed behind the curtain in tears, the audience was in an uproar. She was left penniless, and Lola fled to Prussia, where she then bore all to King Ludwig 1 and became a Bavarian Countess. Frontier pioneer Eliza Inman wrote in her journal in 1843, “If Hell laid to the west, Americans would cross Heaven to reach it.” It looks like she was right. I am Andrea Anderson, thank you for taking the time to listen today. Let's meet again next time, as we continue the story of Lola Montez, theatre and burlesque sensation with a secret past, as she makes her way to California, On “Queens of the Mines. Queens of the Mines was written, produced and narrated by me, Andrea Anderson. The theme song, In San Francisco Bay is by DBUK, You can find the links to their music, tour dates and merchandise, as well as links to all our social media and research links at queensofthemines.com Before we start the episode, I would like to read this dedication written by Lola Montez in her book the Arts of Beauty. “To all men and women of every land, who are not afraid of themselves, who trust so much in their own souls that they dare to stand up in the might of their own individuality to meet the tidal currents of the world.” You may remember Sam Brannan from the very first episode as the man who brought news of the discovery of gold to San Francisco, chanting, "Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River". When Brannan first arrived in 1846 on the ship Brooklyn, he was the leader of a Mormon colony who intended to start a self-sufficient colony with 238 Saints. His entourage of carpenters, blacksmiths, farmers, bakers and everything a community might need, doubled or tripled the population of San Francisco. He had brought a printing press and used it to publish San Francisco's first newspaper, the Alta. Sam Brannan and his people quickly jump-started the local economy in California, settling mormon island on the Sacramento Delta. Queens of the Mines features the authentic stories of gold rush women who blossomed from the camouflaged, twisted roots of California. These are true stories, with some of my own fabrication of descriptive details. It is recommended that you start this series from the first episode. In this episode, we continue and complete the story of Lola Montez, the burlesque sensation with a secret past who will reveal herself as California's 19th century Queen of Temptation. This is a true story, from America's Largest Migration, The Gold Rush. I am Andrea Anderson, and this is Queens of the Mines.
On this special video-engaging episode, Josh catches up with the young and very talented, Mark Lakatos about his journey to becoming an award-winning filmmaker, his martial arts background, some of his future goals, and a few insights into some very special projects he's been working on. Mark Lakatos is a filmmaker, videographer and martial artist from Hungary. He has been an instrumental driving force behind event video-marketing in the Hungarian sports industry from 2016 onwards and is the director of six short films, of which several have achieved both national and international acclaim. Cited as being a representative for the younger generation of Hungarian cinema, Mark's independent production platform DecentEye Productions aims to recognize and promote the very best that other talented young creatives have to offer. His 2020 film ‘The Siege' in cooperation with Krav-Maga Global Hungary became the country's first ever action film project, with a highly-anticipated sequel now in the making. If you're able to find the time to watch this episode, we promise you won't be disappointed. Either way, enjoy the show!! — Full Podcast Video on YouTube: https://youtu.be/PoVlULBvKNA —
https://astralcodexten.substack.com/p/dictator-book-club-orban (previously: Erdogan, Modi) I. Some are born great. Some achieve greatness. And some are Victor Orban's college roommates. Orban: Europe's New Strongman and Orbanland, my two sources for this installment of our Dictator Book Club, tell the story of a man who spent the last eleven years taking over Hungary and distributing it to guys he knew in college. Janos Ader, President of Hungary. Laszlo Kover, Speaker of the National Assembly. Joszef Szajer, drafter of the Hungarian constitution. All of them have something in common: they were Viktor Orban's college chums. Gabor Fodor, former Minister of Education, and Lajos Simicska, former media baron, were both literally his roommates. The rank order of how rich and powerful you are in today's Hungary, and the rank order of how close you sat to Viktor Orban in the cafeteria of Istvan Bibo College, are more similar than anyone has a right to expect. Our story begins on March 30 1988, when young Viktor Orban founded an extra-curricular society at his college called The Alliance Of Young Democrats (Hungarian abbreviation: FiDeSz). Thirty-seven students met in a college common room and agreed to start a youth organization. Orban's two roommates were there, along with a couple of other guys they knew. Orban gave the pitch: the Soviet Union was crumbling. A potential post-Soviet Hungary would need fresh blood, new politicians who could navigate the democratic environment. They could get in on the ground floor. It must have seemed kind of far-fetched. Orban was a hick from the very furthest reaches of Hicksville, the “tiny, wretched village of Alcsutdoboz”. He grew up so poor that he would later describe “what an unforgettable experience it had been for him as a fifteen-year-old to use a bathroom for the first time, and to have warm water simply by turning on a tap”. He was neither exceptionally bright nor exceptionally charismatic. Still, there was something about him. To call it "a competitive streak" would be an understatement. He loved fighting. The dirtier, the better. He had been kicked out of school after school for violent behavior as a child. As a teen, he'd gone into football, and despite having little natural talent he'd worked his way up to the semi-professional leagues through sheer practice and determination. During his mandatory military service, he'd beaten up one of his commanding officers. Throughout his life, people would keep underestimating how long, how dirty, and how intensely he was willing to fight for something he wanted. In the proverb "never mud-wrestle a pig, you'll both get dirty but the pig will like it", the pig is Viktor Orban. Those thirty-six college friends must have seen something in him. They gave him his loyalty, and he gave them their marching orders. The predicted Soviet collapse arrived faster than anybody expected, and after some really fast networking ("did you know I represent the youth, who are the future of this country?") Orban got invited to give a speech at a big ceremony marking the successful revolution, and he knocked it out of the park.
Enjoy this tale from the collection of my mother's translations of Hungarian folk tales ready by our daughter, Hannah Vos. King Matthias, he was the ruler of Hungary from 1440-1490. He was the great Hungarian king of the Renaissance and one of the greatest public figures in Hungarian history. One of his prime concerns was the alleviation of the suffering of the serfs, and very often he would disguise himself in peasant clothes and walk among his people. He insisted that truth and justice be upheld at all times, and because of his many actions along this line, he was loved by all his people. This is why there are so many tales, legends, and myths centering around him. King Matthias was so well loved by the common people that the tales spread to the surrounding Ukrainian, Slovakian, Slovenian, and even Romanian folklore. Check out our web shop The Hungarian Store where we sell meaningful gifts with a Hungarian focus. Please visit Hungarian Living to sign up for our e-newsletter and see all the other resources we have gathered for you!
Chef Jeremy Salamon has been working in restaurants for years -- Locanda Verde, Buvette, Prune, and The Eddy, to name a few -- and next week he's opening his very own restaurant in Brooklyn called Agi's Counter, named after his Hungarian grandmother. So how do you go from restaurant-as-idea to an actual restaurant that people are going to be eating in this upcoming Monday? Jeremy walks us through it: from the concept to the fundraising to planning the menu to hiring a staff to designing the space. And that's just the beginning! Hear all about it in today's episode and if you live in NYC, go visit Jeremy next week at his grand opening in Crown Heights. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
On November 4th 1956 Soviet tanks rolled into the Hungarian capital Budapest, crushing the country's short-lived popular uprising against Soviet rule. Nick Thorpe spoke to Miklos Gimes who was just six years old when the end of the revolution sent his father to his death, and Miklos and his mother into exile. This programme is a rebroadcast. Photo: Soviet tanks on the streets of Budapest. Credit: Getty Images.
The 1983 horror movie Grizzly II: Revenge boasts a cast that includes George Clooney, Laura Dern, and Charlie Sheen. But it may never have been released if not for Hungarian producer Suzanne C. Nagy, who finally made it available to audiences after 37 years.On the latest episode of The Industry, host Dan Delgado interviews Nagy, the original producer of Grizzly II: Revenge. A sequel to the popular 1976 film Grizzly, which cashed in on the post-Jaws killer animal craze, Grizzly II: Revenge follows the story of a mama bear who attacks a large rock concert to take out her rage towards the poachers who killed her cub. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Korea24 – 2021.11.03. (Wednesday) News Briefing: President Moon Jae-in is in Hungary for the last leg of his European tour, where he’ll hold summits with his Hungarian counterpart, Janos Ader, and leaders of the Visegrad Group. He also paid tribute to the South Koreans and Hungarians killed in a 2019 ferry sinking in Budapest, visiting a monument erected for the victims near the accident site. (Eunice Kim) In-Depth News Analysis: Last week, the organizers of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics released the first version of its “playbooks” outlining COVID-19 countermeasures that will be adopted to ensure the safe running of the Games. Despite being further along in the pandemic, it appears that the measures will be a lot stricter than what was seen at the Olympics in Tokyo earlier this year. Dr. Richard Baka from the College of Sport and Exercise Science at Victoria University joins us to discuss the measures, and preview the event that is just over 3 months away now. Korea Trending with Walter Lee: 1. Police in Yangpyeong County shot live rounds at a man after he ignored their orders and continued to threaten two of his acquaintances with a weapon. (경찰, 길거리서 흉기 난동 부린 남성에 실탄 쏴 제압) 2. The Korea Tourism Organization is set to unveil more episodes from its popular “Feel The Rhythm Of Korea” video series, introducing the cities of Jeonju and Mokpo. (이번엔 전주·목포다…'머드맥스' 후속 광고영상 2편 선봬) 3. The Doosan Bears have advanced to the first round of the KBO playoffs after beating the Kiwoom Heroes in their wild card game on Tuesday. (두산, 키움 꺾고 준플레이오프 진출…LG와 대결) Korea Book Club: This week, our literary critic Barry Welsh introduces another poetry collection in the K-Poet series published by Asia Publishers. This latest collection, once again translated by Brother Anthony of Taize, is called 'Deep Work (깊은 일)' by poet An Hyeon-mi. It draws inspiration from a variety of topics, from Beethoven, Korean noodles, Russian novelists, and the Sewol ferry tragedy. Morning Edition Preview with Antony Casey: - In tomorrow’s Korea Herald, Song Seung-hyun writes about the 47th Seoul Independent Film Festival (SIFF), where the majority of films this year were made during the pandemic. - In tomorrow’s Korea Times, Bahk Eun-ji writes about upcoming upgrades to Seoul’s bike-sharing service, Ttareungyi.
Welcome back to room 1 on 1, an on this weeks show to chat about the return match with Ferencvaros in Budapest, I am delighted to welcome Hungarian football fanatic and journalist, Aron Aranyossy.Aron gives us his own thoughts on the previous match between the sides, before telling us how the club and the country itself, felt the game went.We look at Ferencvaros recent results and form, discussing the problems that Peter Stoger has faced since the summer.Aron tells us how he thinks the Fradi will set up this Thursday and his own hopes for the match.We finish off by touching into Arons expertise and look at the state of Hungarian football and its own hopes and ambitions.Élvezd
Are Hispanics part of the Diversity and Inclusion discussion? A conversation with Eric Lopez Eric has over 10 years of experience helping organizations further their missions and meet their research goals. In fact, He's so passionate about it he even does it during his free time as a board member for non-profit organizations, and as the Founder and CEO of Globe Serve Consulting where he helps other non-profits find fundraising solutions that leverage data and their organizational strengths for grant applications and appeals. His background also includes a unique combination of analytical strengths (especially policy and data analysis), writing and editing expertise, cross-cultural leadership, and a passion for social justice. Among his talents are native fluency in English and Spanish and he also picked up some Hungarian as a Fulbright grantee in Budapest.
The cyclocross social podcast is back for the 2021-22 season. In todays episode Noah, Twan and Issam talk about the fifth round of the worldcup, Overijse. First, the attention goes to the Mens race, where Pauwels Sauzen once again pulled out the team tactics. What is our stance on that, and could Toon Aerts have done anything different? Also, what could Hermans have done without that crash? The great ride by Cameron Mason obviously didnt go unnoticed, there is plenty of attention for that aswell! The womens race then was one for the hisory books. Vas became the second youngest worldcup winner, and the first Hungarian one!! And she did it in style, the hard work put in by Lars Boom looks to be paying off! Obviously the strong second place by Pieterse gets enough attention aswell, and the same goes fo Burquier who ended 6th here! But there is more, The 9th place for Persico and the 10th place for Fouquenet are also worth mentioning. The final part of the podcast is dedicated towards the koppenbergcross of tomorrow, which we take a short look ahead at.
Holmberg's Morning Sickness - Brady Report - Wednesday October 27, 2021
♪♫This is Halloween! This is Halloween!♫♪ Supporters on our Patreon and fans in our FB group chose the topics for today's episode (plus now there's a sub-reddit): 01:35 sorting Dracula fact from fiction 07:49 how horror stars got their stars 20:01 when did clowns become scary 23:29 the history behind zombies 28:38 movie monster fast facts! Mentioned in the show: Overly Sarcastic's Frankenstein run-down Cutting Class podcast on Christopher Lee Oh No! Lit Class on The Phantom Who needs a costume when you could wear this?! Read the full script. Reach out and touch Moxie on FB, Twit, the 'Gram or email. Music by Kevin MacLeod Sponsor: City of Ghosts Brandi B. asked that we sort fact from fiction on Vlad Dracula. Personally, I can remember a time when I didn't know that Vlad the Impaler was thought to be the inspiration from Bram Stoker's genre-launching vampire Dracula. Hop in your magic school bus, police box, or phone booth with aerial antenna, and let's go back to 15th's century Wallachia, a region of modern day Romania that was then the southern neighbor of the province of Transylvania. Our Vlad was Vlad III. Vlad II, his father, was given the nickname Dracul by his fellow Crusade knights in the Order of the Dragon, who were tasked with defeating the Ottoman Empire. Wallachia was sandwiched between the Ottomans and Christian Europe and so became the site of constant bloody conflict. Without looking it up, I'm going to guess that they failed, since the Ottoman Empire stood until 1923. Dracul translated to “dragon” in old Romanian, but the modern meaning is more like devil. Add an A to the end to denote son-of and you've got yourself a Vlad Dracula. At age 11, Vlad and his 7-year-old brother Radu went with their father on a diplomatic mission into the Ottoman Empire. How's it go? No too good. The three were taken hostage. Their captors told Vlad II that he could be released – on condition that the two sons remain. Since it was his only option, their father agreed. The boys would be held prisoner for 5 years. One account holds that they were tutoried in the art of war, science and philosophy. Other accounts says they were also subjected to torture and abuse. When Vlad II returned home, he was overthrown in a coup and he and his eldest son were horribly murdered. Shortly thereafter, Vlad III was released, with a taste for violence and a vendetta against the Ottomans. To regain his family's power and make a name for himself, he threw a banquet for hundreds of members of his rival families. On the menu was wine, meat, sweetbreads, and gruesome, vicious murder. The guests were stabbed not quite to death, then impaled on large spikes. This would become his signature move, leading to his moniker Vlad the Impaler, but wasn't the only arrow in his quiver. Facing an army three times the size of his, he ordered his men to infiltrate their territory, poison wells and burn crops. He also paid diseased men to go in and infect the enemy. Defeated combatants were often treated to disemboweling, flaying alive, boiling, and of course impalement. Basically, you turn your enemy into a kabob and let them die slowly and, just as important, conspicuously. Vlad's reputation spread, leading to stories we have trouble sorting from legend, like that he once took dinner in a veritable forest of spikes. We do know that in June of 1462, he ordered 20,000 defeated Ottomans to be impaled. It's a scale that's hard to even imagine. When the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II came upon the carnage, he and his men fled in fear back to Constantinople. You'd think Vlad was on the road to victory, but shortly after, he was forced into exile and imprisoned in Hungary. [[how?]] He took a stab, no pun intended, on regaining Wallachia 15 years later, but he and his troops were ambushed and killed. According to a contemporary source, the Ottomans cut his corpse into pieces and marched it back to Sultan Medmed II, who ordered them displayed over the city's gates. History does not record where the pieces ended up. Vlad the Impaler was an undeniably brutal ruler, but he's still considered one of the most important rulers in Wallachian history for protecting it against the Ottomans and a national hero of Romania. He was even praised by Pope Pius II for his military feats and for defending Christendom. So how did get get from Vlad Dracula, the Impaler, a warrior king with a taste for torture, to, 400 years later, Dracula the undead creature of the night who must feed on the blood of living, can morph into bats or mist, and must sleep in his native earth? Historians have speculated that Irish author Bram Stoker met with historian Hermann Bamburger, who told him about Vlad III, which ignited some spark of inspiration, but there's not actually any evidence to back this up. Stoker was actually the first writer that we know of to have a vampire drink blood. Vampires are actually a common folklore baddie around the world, from the obayifo in Africa which can take over people's bodies and emit phosphorus light from their armpits and anus to the manananggal of the Philippines who can detach her torso from her legs so she can fly around with her organs trailing behind her and use her snakelike tongue to steal babies from the womb. In Western culture, though, Vlad the Impaler became the basis for everything from Bela Lugosi's Dracula to Count Chocula. That means he's also the source of the Twilight saga, truly one of history's greatest monsters. Ronnie asked for “how some legends got their stars.” I wasn't sure what that meant, so I asked for clarification. No, I didn't, I launched off immediately and at a full gallop with the first interpretation that came to mind, as I do in all aspects of my life. So let's talk horror actors and the Hollywood walk of fame. Even if he weren't a recognizable face, Vincent Price is probably the most recognizable voice in horror history. For folks my age, you probably heard him for the first time on Michael Jackson's Thriller. Folks in their 30's might have heard him first as Prof. Ratigan in The Great Mouse Detective. Price wasn't always a horror icon. He'd done theater, radio, including Orson Wells Mercury Theater of the Air, and other genres of films, but 1953's House of Wax, which was also the first 3D movie to crack the top 10 box office gross for its year, solidified his place in horror history. It's almost odd that Price went into acting at all. His father was the president of the National Candy Company and his grandfather had set the family up with independent means thanks to his brand of cream of tartar. Price and his wife Mary wrote a number of cookbooks, one of which my mother had when I was young. You cannot fathom my confused disappointment that it was just a regular cookbook full of regular, boring, non-scary recipes. And now, for no other reason than it makes me smile, is another amazing voice, Stephen Fry, talking about Price on QI.: Romanian-born Bela Lugosi was a classical actor in Hungary before making the move to movies. In fact, he was already playing Dracula on stage when the movie was being assembled. Lugosi wanted the role so badly he agreed to do it for $500 per week, about $9K today, only one quarter that of actor David Manners who played Jonathan Harker. It was a good investment, I'd say, since everyone knows Lugosi and this was the first time I'd ever seen David Manners' name. Though Lugosi turned down the role of the monster in Frankenstein, he was quickly locked into horror. He appeared in minor roles in a few good movies, like “Ninotchka” with Greta Garbo, but mostly bounced like a plinko chip from mediocre to bad movies, with ever decreasing budgets. His drug addiction probably had a cyclical relationship with his work prospects. He died two days into filming the absolutely dreadful “Plan 9 From Outer Space” and was replaced by a much younger and taller actor and his ex-wife's chiropractor because he fit the costume. Peter Lorre is a name you might not recognize, but you would absolutely recognize his overall aesthetic. It's still being referenced and parodied to this day. See the bad guy? Is he short, with round eyes, and a distinctive way of speaking? What you got there is Peter Lorre. Hungarian-born Lorre struck out at 17 to become a star. For 10 years he played bit parts in amateur productions, but in 1931 he got his big break in the German film “M,” and Hollywood took notice. His first English-speaking role was in the Hitchcock thriller “The Man Who Knew Too Much.” The character spoke English, but Lorre didn't. Just like Bela Legosi during his first turn as Dracula, Lorre had to memorize his lines phonetically. Imagine how difficult it must be to put the right pacing and inflection into a sentence when you don't know which word means what. He continued portraying psychopaths until John Huston cast him in a quasi-comic role in “The Maltese Falcon” with Humphrey Bogart and Sidney Greenstreet, which led to lighter roles like the one he played in Arsenic and Old Lace. If you never seen it, make it you next choice. It's a comedy, but you can definitely watch it with your horror movies, since it's about a pair of serial killers hiding bodies in their cellar. Arsenic and Old Lace also features a bad guy getting plastic surgery to avoid the police, which accidentally leaves him looking like Boris Karloff and he's really touchy about it. I don't know why. Even though he played many monsters and villains in his career, Karloff was said to actually be a kind, soft-spoken man who was happiest with a good book or in his garden. We hear him narrate How the Grinch Stole Christmas every year. He doesn't sing the song, though. That's Thurl Ravenscroft, who was also the original voice of Tony the Tiger. The title role in Frankenstein took Karloff from bit player to household name. Karloff said of the monster, “He was inarticulate, helpless and tragic. I owe everything to him. He's my best friend.” By the way, if you're one of those people who delights in going “Um, actually, Frankenstein was the name of the doctor,” can you not? We all know that. And since it's the last name of the man who gave him life, aka his father, it's a perfectly passable patronym to use. Oh and by the way Mr or Ms Superior Nerd, Frankenstein wasn't a doctor, he was a college dropout. I refer you to my much-beloved Red at Overly Sarcastic Productions on YouTube for a thorough explanation of the actual story. Penny Dreadful did get pretty close in their interpretation. Here's a name more people should know, John Carradine. Wait, you say, the guy from Kill Bill? No, that's his son David. Oh, you mean the FBI guy the sister was dating on Dexter. No, that's his other son Keith. Revenge of the Nerds? No, that's Robert. The patriarch John Carradine was in over 500 movies, big names like Grapes of Wrath and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, but he also did a lot of horror, though it could be a mixed bag — everything from Dracula in House of Dracula down to Billy the Kid vs Dracula. Not always for the love of it, either. Sometimes a gig's just a gig. He told one of his sons, “Just make sure that if you've got to do a role you don't like, it makes you a lot of money.” Good advice for many areas of life. If you've got Prime Video or Shudder, look for The Monster Club. It's an darling, schlocky little anthology movie, which they just don't seem to make anymore, starring Carradine and Vincent Price. Jaime Lee Curtis could have been on this list since she was in 5 of the Halloween films, but I just don't think people think “horror” when they hear her name. There were a few names surprisingly not set in the stones. While ‘man of a thousand faces' Lon Chaney, who played the original Phantom of the Opera and Hunchback of Notre Dame, has a star, his son, Lon Chaney Jr, who played the Wolfman, the Mummy and numerous other roles in dozens of horror movies, does. Somehow, Christopher Lee doesn't either. In addition to the 282 roles on his imdb page, he deserves a star just for playing Dracula 10 times and still having a career after that. Also, he was metal as fuck, recording metal albums into his 80's and there was the time he corrected director Peter Jackson on what it's like when you stab someone, because he *knew. My buddies over at Cutting Class diverged from their usual format to tell us all about his amazing life. Over in the Brainiac Breakroom, (plug sub reddit, thank Zach), Alyssa asked for the history behind clowns being evil. One day, a man dressed up as a clown and it was terrifying. Thank you for coming to my TED talk. No? Okay. Fine! It's not like I have to research them and keep seeing pictures of clowns. Clowns weren't really regarded as frightening, or at least a fear of clowns wasn't widely known, from the creation of what we'd recognize as a clown by Joseph Grimaldi in the 1820's until fairly recently. David Carlyon, author, playwright and a former clown with Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in the 1970s, argues that coulrophobia, the fear of clowns, was born from the counter-culture 1960s and picked up steam in the 1980s. “There is no ancient fear of clowns,” he said. “It wasn't like there was this panic rippling through Madison Square Garden as I walked up through the seats. Not at all.” For centuries, clowns were a funny thing for kids — there was Bozo, Ronald McDonald, Red Skelton's Clem Kaddidlehopper and Emmet Kelly's sad clown– then bam! Stephen King's hit novel “It,” the doll in “Poltergeist,” and every incarnation of The Joker. It could be seen as a pendulum swing. Clowns had been so far to the good side that it must have been inevitable they would swing *way the hell over to evil. Not so fast, argues Benjamin Radford, author of the book “Bad Clowns,” who argues that evil clowns have always been among us. “It's a mistake to ask when clowns turned bad because historically they were never really good. Sometimes they're making you laugh. Other times, they're laughing at your expense.” Radford traces bad clowns all the way to ancient Greece and connects them to court jesters and the Harlequin figure. He points particularly to Punch of the Punch & Judy puppet shows that date back to the 1500s. Punch was not only not sweet and loveable, he was violent, abusive, and even homicidal. Maybe when isn't as important as why. Why are some of us afraid of clowns? Personally, I think it's their complete disregard for personal space. Kindly keep your grease-painted face at least arm's length away. The grease paint may be part of it. It exaggerates the features. The face is basically human in composition, but it's not. It dangles us over the edge of the uncanny valley, where something makes us uncomfortable because it is *almost human. The makeup obscures the wearer's identity, so we don't really know who we're dealing with. Clowns also act in aberrant ways, contrary to societal norms and expectations, and that might subconsciously get our back up. As for coulrophilia, sexual attraction to clowns…. I got nothing. You do you. Charlie asked for the real history behind popular horror icons, like werewolves, vampires, and zombies. Even though the zombie craze held on longer than the 2017 obsession with bacon, most people don't know about them pre-George Romero's Night of the Living Dead. The word “zombie” first appeared in English around 1810 in the book “History of Brazil,” this was “Zombi,” a West African deity. The word later came to suggest a husk of a body without vital life energy, human in form but lacking the self-awareness, intelligence, and a soul. The Atlantic slave trade caused the idea to move across the ocean, where West African religions began to mix with force Christianity. Pop culture continually intermixes many African Diasporic traditions and portrays them exclusively as Voodoo. However, most of what is portrayed in books, movies, and television is actually hoodoo. Voodoo is a religion that has two markedly different branches: Haitian Vodou and Louisiana Vodoun. Hoodoo is neither a religion, nor a denomination of a religion—it is a form of folk magic that originated in West Africa and is mainly practiced today in the Southern United States. Haitian zombies were said to be people brought back from the dead (and sometimes controlled) through magical means by voodoo priests called bokors or houngan. Sometimes the zombification was done as punishment (striking fear in those who believed that they could be abused even after death), but often the zombies were said to have been used as slave labor on farms and sugarcane plantations. In 1980, one mentally ill man even claimed to have been held captive as a zombie worker for two decades, though he could not lead investigators to where he had worked, and his story was never verified. To many people, both in Haiti and elsewhere, zombies are very real and as such very frightening. Think about it. These people were enslaved, someone else claimed dominion over their body, but they still had their mind and their spirit. What could be more frightening to an enslaved person than an existence where even that is taken from you? In the 1980s when a scientist named Wade Davis claimed to have found a powder that could create zombies, thus providing a scientific basis for zombie stories, a powerful neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin, which can be found in several animals including pufferfish. He claimed to have infiltrated secret societies of bokors and obtained several samples of the zombie-making powder, which were later chemically analyzed. Davis wrote a book on the topic, “The Serpent and the Rainbow,” which was later made into a really underappreciated movie. Davis was held up as the man who had scientifically proven the existence of zombies, but skeptic pointed out that the samples of the zombie powder were inconsistent and that the amounts of neurotoxin they contained were not high enough to create zombies. It's not the kind of thing you can play fast & loose with. Tetrodotoxin has a very narrow band between paralytic and fatal. Others pointed out nobody had ever found any of the alleged Haitian plantations filled with zombie laborers. While Davis acknowledged problems with his theories, and had to lay to rest some sensational claims being attributed to him, he insisted that the Haitian belief in zombies *could be based on the rare happenstance of someone being poisoned by tetrodotoxin and later coming to in their coffin. Bonus fact: Ever wonder where we get brain-eating zombies from? Correlation doesn't equal causation, but the first zombie to eat brains was the zombie known as Tarman in 1984's Return of the Living Dead. This wasn't a George Romero movie, though. It's based on a novel called Return of the Living Dead by John Russo, one of the writers of Night of the Living Dead. After Russo and Romero parted company, Russo retained the rights to any titles featuring the phrase “Living Dead.” Cindra asked for movie monster facts. The moon is getting full, so let's hit these facts muy rapido. 1922's Nosferatu was an illegal and unauthorized adaption of Bram Stoker's Dracula. Stoker's heirs sued over the film and a court ruling ordered that all copies be destroyed. However, Nosferatu subsequently surfaced in other countries and came to be regarded as an influential masterpiece of cinema. Not a single photograph of Lon Chaney as the Phantom in The Phantom of the Opera (1925) was published in a newspaper or magazine, or seen anywhere before the film opened in theaters. It was a complete surprise to the audience and to Chaney's costar Mary Philbin, whos shriek of fear and disgust was genuine. In the original Dracula, Lugosi never once blinks his eyes on camera, to give his character an otherworldy vibe. Francis Ford Coppolla did something similar by having Dracula's shadow move slightly independently, like the rules of our world don't apply to him. Even though he starred in the film, Boris Karloff was considered such a no-name nobody that Universal didn't invite him to the premiere of 1931's Frankenstein. Karloff's classic Mummy the next year did not speak because the actor had so many layers of cotton glued to his face that he couldn't move his mouth. The Creature from the Black Lagoon's look was based on old seventeenth-century woodcuts of two bizarre creatures called the Sea Monk and the Sea Bishop. To make a man invisible for 1933's The Invisible Man, director James Whale had Claude Rains dressed completely in black velvet and filmed him in front of a black velvet background. The movie poster for The Mummy (1932) holds the record for the most money paid for a movie poster at an auction: nearly half a million dollars. Boris Karloff's costume and makeup for 1935's Bride of Frankenstein were so heavy and hot that he lost 20 pounds during filming, mostly through sweat. His shoes weighed 13 lb/6 kg/1 stone apiece. The large grosses for the film House on Haunted Hill (1960) were noticed by Sir Alfred Hitchcock was inspired to make a horror movie after the seeing the box office gross for William Castle's House on Haunted Hill. Filming the shower scene for Psycho was pretty mundane, but actress Janet Leigh was so terrified by seeing the finished product –thanks to the editing by Alma Reveill-Hitchcock and Bernard Herrmann score– that she did not shower, only bathed, from the premier in 1960 to her death in 2004. You can read more about Alma Revill in the YBOF book. According to our friends Megan and RJ at Oh No! Lit Class podcast, the first use of Toccata Fuge in G Minor in a film was the 1962 Phantom of the Opera. It's hard to imagine classic horror without it. In Night of the Living Dead, the body parts the zombies ate were ham covered in chocolate sauce. George Romero joked that they shouldn't bother putting the zombie makeup on the actors because the choco-pork made them look pale and sick with nausea anyway. A lot of people know that Michael Myers' mask in the original Halloween was actually a William Shatner mask painted white. They bought it because it was on clearance and the film had a small budget. Most people don't know that Shatner later repaid the favor by dressing up as Michael Myers for Halloween. Freddy Kruger's look was based on a scary drunk man Wes Craven saw outside his home as a child. His glove made of leather and steak knives was actually inspired by Craven's cat. Looks down at scratches on both arms. Yeah, that checks out. The idea of being killed in your sleep comes from real deaths of people who survived the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, only to die mysteriously later. 1987's The Monster Squad. With a werewolf, a mummy, Dracula, and Frankenstein's monster in the mix, the group looked suspiciously like the line-up of the 1930s and '40s Universal horror movies. To avoid confusion (i.e. lawsuits), filmmaker Fred Dekker made some subtle changes to his monsters, like removing Dracula's widow's peak, and moving Frankenstein's neck bolts up to his forehead. See? Totally different! Yes, those were real bees in Candyman, even the ones in Candyman's mouth. Tony Todd had a clause in his contract that he would get $1k for every bee sting he got during filming. Even though juvenile bees with underdeveloped stingers were used, he still got $23k worth of stings. You might think 1991's Silence of the Lambs was the first horror movie to win an Oscar, but Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde beat them to it by 60 years with Fredric March's Oscar for Best Actor.
Today we will be talking about Chapter 19 of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, The Hungarian Horntail. Make sure that you have read the chapter so that you don't miss anything! For the analysis part of this episode we will be discussing more etymology behind character names throughout the Wizarding World. We also discover that mythology plays a huge role in the Harry Potter books! Here is the article that we used for today's analysis: https://www.insider.com/harry-potter-character-name-meaning-2017-4#peeves-the-poltergeist-is-named-because-he-annoys-everyone-42 Email us firstname.lastname@example.org to let us know all of your thoughts on today's episode! Check out our website: insidehogwarts.com Be sure to leave us a quick review and rating on Apple Podcasts and thanks for listening! --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/insidehogwarts/message
Show #1257 If you get any value from this podcast please consider supporting my work on Patreon. Plus all Patreon supporters get their own unique ad-free podcast feed. Good morning, good afternoon and good evening wherever you are in the world, welcome to EV News Daily for Tuesday 26th October. It's Martyn Lee here and I go through every EV story so you don't have to. Thank you to MYEV.com for helping make this show, they've built the first marketplace specifically for Electric Vehicles. It's a totally free marketplace that simplifies the buying and selling process, and help you learn about EVs along the way too. TESLA'S $1 TRILLION VALUE A DOUBLE BONANZA FOR MUSK - The surge in Tesla Inc's (TSLA.O) stock market value beyond $1 trillion on Monday is a double bonanza for Chief Executive Elon Musk, the electric car maker's largest shareholder. The stock rallied 12.7% on news that Tesla landed its biggest-ever order from rental car company Hertz. - With Tesla's stock at a record high close of $1,024.86, Musk's 23% stake in the newly minted trillion-dollar company is now worth about $230 billion - Musk receives no salary at Tesla: his pay package provides 12 options tranches that vest when Tesla's market capitalization and financial growth hit a series of rising milestones. The options let Musk buy Tesla shares at $70 each, a discount of more than 90% from their current price. Original Source : https://www.reuters.com/business/autos-transportation/teslas-1-trillion-value-double-bonanza-musk-2021-10-25/ TESLA-HERTZ BLOCKBUSTER DEAL PAVES WAY TO TAKE EVS MAINSTREAM - Hertz Global Holdings Inc.'s $4.2 billion deal with Tesla Inc. is about more than just an order for 100,000 cars. It's about vaulting electric vehicles into the mainstream. - Not only does Tesla get a huge order at a premium price, it gets a way for the electric-curious masses to test-drive its Model 3. Hertz, meanwhile, gets to tap into the growing interest in EVs while aligning itself with the industry's leader and sexiest brand. Tesla also will benefit from exposure in a splashy Hertz ad campaign starring seven-time Super Bowl Champion Tom Brady. - “This is an opportunity not only to fix the business, but also to employ a strategy that allows us to play a central role in development of the modern mobility industry,” Mark Fields, Hertz's new interim chief executive officer and a former CEO of Ford Motor Co., said in an interview. “One of our objectives is to lead in the adoption of electric vehicles.” - Elon Musk said in Twitter post that he was a bit surprised by the “strange” jump in value, considering that his automaker's already selling as many cars as it can make as it speeds up production. - Until now, Tesla has relied on word-of-mouth and eschewed traditional advertising entirely. But a side benefit of this deal is the Hertz ad campaign where Model 3 rentals will be the focus of Brady's message. Two TV spots debuting today -- entitled “Plugged In” and “Speed” -- show the Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback renting, recharging and driving a Tesla from an airport. The tag-line for the commercials is Brady's signature exhortation, “Let's Go!” - Tesla also benefits simply from the size of the order, which is about $4.2 billion, according to people familiar with the terms of the deal. That value suggests Hertz is paying close to full price, breaking with a long-time tradition of automakers selling their wares to rental companies at a deep discount. - Hertz also said it's installing “thousands” of charging stations that will augment Tesla's supercharging ports in the U.S. and Europe. - For more context. that's more than the 93,000 that Tesla registered across Western Europe in 2020. Original Source : https://eu.detroitnews.com/story/business/autos/2021/10/25/tesla-hertz-blockbuster-deal-paves-way-take-evs-mainstream/8545653002/ TESLA DOESN'T WANT ANYONE TO SEE ITS RESPONSE TO THE AUTOPILOT INVESTIGATION - If Tesla's request is granted, it would effectively bar the public from seeing the company's response to a host of information that NHTSA has requested regarding its probe into Autopilot and possible defects. - Tesla wants to keep secret its response to the federal investigation into its Autopilot driver assist system. In a memo submitted to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) last week, regulators noted that Tesla has requested “confidential business information (CBI) treatment for the entirety of the information request submission.” Original Source : https://www.theverge.com/2021/10/25/22744629/tesla-autopilot-secret-response-nhtsa-investigation PANASONIC UNVEILS PROTOTYPE BATTERY TO HELP TESLA LOWER PRODUCTION COSTS - Panasonic on Monday unveiled a new large prototype battery designed to help Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) Inc lower electric vehicle (EV) production costs, in a move the Japanese company's battery chief said would deepen business ties with its key U.S. customer. - as the sole manufacturer of the 4680 format (46 millimetres wide and 80 millimetres tall) battery, Panasonic should remain a critical link in the EV maker's supply chain, at least for its pricier models. Original Source : https://www.investing.com/news/stock-market-news/panasonic-unveils-prototype-battery-for-tesla-2653594 TESLA BUILDS DATA CENTER, R&D FACILITY IN CHINA - Tesla said on Monday that it has built a research facility and a data center in Shanghai, both of which will be put into use soon, as the United States electric carmaker ramps up its localization strategy in the country. - The R&D facility, Tesla's first outside the US, employs engineers for software, electronics, materials and charging, it said in a statement. Tesla said the facility will develop over time similar in size to the one in the United States. - The newly built data center in Shanghai will store Tesla's operation data locally. At an industry forum in September, Tesla CEO Elon Musk said data security will become even more important when vehicles are becoming smart and autonomous. - China issued trial guidelines on automobile data protection in August in a move to protect drivers' privacy and safeguard national security as vehicles are becoming increasingly digitalized in the world's largest auto market. - Tesla said data about its vehicles sold in China as well as their local production, sales, after-service and charging information will be stored locally in the country. Original Source : https://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202110/26/WS6177953ba310cdd39bc71591.html TESLA MODEL 3 LEADS EV REVOLUTION ACROSS EU IN SEPTEMBER - Tesla topped the European new car sales charts in September, taking a 2.6% market share, according to the latest figures from JATO Dynamics. This is both the first time an EV has led the EU market and the first time that a vehicle manufactured outside of Europe has occupied the top spot. - Since its' entry to the European market, the Model Y has also performed well, securing second position in the BEV ranking. Due to the success of these two models, Tesla leads the BEV market with a share of 24%, ahead of the Volkswagen Group with 22%, Stellantis with 13%, and Hyundai-Kia with almost 11%. Original Source : https://www.am-online.com/news/car-manufacturer-news/2021/10/25/tesla-model-3-leads-ev-revolution-across-eu-in-september MERCEDES EQB ENTERS SERIAL PRODUCTION - Series production of the all-electric Mercedes EQB has started at the Mercedes-Benz plant in Kecskemét, Hungary. The EQB, which was presented in April, is manufactured there for the world markets – only the China-specific version is built by the joint venture BBAC in Beijing. - the angular EQB is only eight centimetres shorter than the EQC, but a full 22 centimetres longer than the EQA. Technically, however, the EQB is more closely related to the EQA; both are based on Mercedes' compact car platform, - Hungarian Foreign and Trade Minister Péter Szijjártó was also present at the event to mark the start of series production. He indicated that the Hungarian state had provided 15 billion forints (about 42 million euros) in support of the 50 billion forint (equivalent to about 136 million euros) investment in the plant. Original Source : https://www.electrive.com/2021/10/25/mercedes-eqb-enters-serial-production/ XPENG MOTORS TO LAUNCH 480 KW FAST CHARGING TECHNOLOGY Original Source : https://pushevs.com/2021/10/25/xpeng-motors-to-launch-480-kw-fast-charging-technology SAUDI ARABIA TO START ELECTRIC-VEHICLE PUSH IN CAPITAL RIYADH Original Source : https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-10-23/saudi-arabia-to-start-electric-vehicle-push-in-capital-riyadh UK BATTERY ‘GIGAFACTORY' PLANS HUGE EXPANSION Original Source : https://www.theguardian.com/business/2021/oct/25/uk-battery-gigafactory-electric-car-sunderland-envision-nissan UK TRANSPORT COMMITTEE MAKES EV RECOMMENDATIONS Original Source : https://fleetworld.co.uk/national-grid-blackouts-from-ev-charging-government-responds/ BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM WITH 50MW CAPACITY GOES LIVE Original Source : https://www.energylivenews.com/2021/10/26/battery-energy-storage-system-with-50mw-capacity-goes-live/ NEW QUESTION OF THE WEEK WITH EMOBILITYNORWAY.COM How many of the podcast listeners have changed their electricity tariff after buying an electric vehicle? And how many of your regularly change electricity to get the best deal, if that's possible where you live? How much interest do you take in your electricity supply? Email me your thoughts and I'll read them out on Sunday – email@example.com It would mean a lot if you could take 2mins to leave a quick review on whichever platform you download the podcast. And if you have an Amazon Echo, download our Alexa Skill, search for EV News Daily and add it as a flash briefing. Come and say hi on Facebook, LinkedIn or Twitter just search EV News Daily, have a wonderful day, I'll catch you tomorrow and remember…there's no such thing as a self-charging hybrid. PREMIUM PARTNERS PHIL ROBERTS / ELECTRIC FUTURE BRAD CROSBY PORSCHE OF THE VILLAGE CINCINNATI AUDI CINCINNATI EAST VOLVO CARS CINCINNATI EAST NATIONAL CAR CHARGING ON THE US MAINLAND AND ALOHA CHARGE IN HAWAII DEREK REILLY FROM THE EV REVIEW IRELAND YOUTUBE CHANNEL RICHARD AT RSEV.CO.UK – FOR BUYING AND SELLING EVS IN THE UK EMOBILITYNORWAY.COM/
更多通勤學英語Podcast單元: 每日英語跟讀Podcast，就在http://www.15mins.today/daily-shadowing 精選詞彙 VOCAB Podcast，就在https://www.15mins.today/vocab 語音直播 15mins Live Podcast, 就在https://www.15mins.today/15mins-live-podcast 文法練習 In-TENSE Podcast，就在https://www.15mins.today/in-tense 歡迎到官網用email訂閱我們節目更新通知。 老師互動信箱: firstname.lastname@example.org 商業合作洽詢: email@example.com Topic: A Fresh Take on a 1934 ‘Murder' A gruesome murder has been committed on a train in the middle of the night. Only 13 occupants of the carriage could have committed the dastardly deed. Was it a) the Russian princess; b) the American widow; c) the English governess; or d) the Hungarian count? Or any of the nine other multinational posh people and their servants rubbing shoulders on the luxury locomotive, snowbound in the middle of Eastern Europe, with a brilliant Belgian detective inconveniently in their midst? 一宗可怕的謀殺案在夜半的火車上發生。只有13名旅客可能犯下這惡行。是ａ）俄羅斯公主；ｂ）美國寡婦；ｃ）英國女家教；或ｄ）匈牙利伯爵呢？抑或是其他9位來自各國的紳士淑女和他們的僕人，眾人在受困東歐中部大雪的豪華火車車廂裡摩肩擦踵，這其中還碰巧有個厲害的比利時偵探？ Chances are this sounds familiar. It's the setup for one of the most famous detective stories in the world: Agatha Christie's 1934 novel “Murder on the Orient Express,” which has sold millions of copies. It was made into a sumptuous 1974 movie, directed by Sidney Lumet with the starriest of casts (Lauren Bacall, Sean Connery, Ingrid Bergman!). It has been adapted for television, stage and radio. There is a Japanese television version and a computer game. 這聽起來或許耳熟能詳。這是全球最著名偵探小說之一的場景：阿嘉莎．克莉絲蒂1934年的小說「東方快車謀殺案」，銷售數以百萬本計。導演薛尼·盧梅1974年翻拍成豪華版電影，有最耀眼的明星陣容（洛琳·白考兒、史恩·康納萊、英格麗·褒曼！），另並改編成電視劇、舞台劇和廣播劇，且有日本電視劇版本和一款電玩遊戲。 All this meant that Kenneth Branagh, the director and star of the new film version, which opened in the United States on Friday with the starriest of casts (Johnny Depp, Michelle Pfeiffer, Penélope Cruz, Judi Dench!), had his own mystery to solve. How do you reinvent one of the world's best-loved whodunits for a new era? Branagh's solution was to modify, and sometimes entirely change, character and plot details in ways that may dismay purists but that he felt would give the piece a more contemporary resonance. 這意味最新版本電影的導演兼主角肯尼斯·布萊納必須拿出一套解開謎團的獨到功夫，新片11月11日在美國上映，仍然有最耀眼的卡司（強尼·戴普、蜜雪兒·菲佛、潘妮洛普·克魯茲、茱蒂·丹契！）你要如何在新的世代詮釋最受世人喜愛的偵探小說呢？布萊納的方法是把角色與劇情細節進行修飾，時而甚至完全予以改變，這麼做或許會令純粹主義者沮喪，他卻覺得更能讓作品引起當代人的共鳴。 “There is always the thorny issue of who will know the plot and how can we divert them,” Branagh said in a telephone interview. “We knew we had to get people's attention for a recalibrated character in Poirot,” Christie's idiosyncratic Belgian detective. 布萊納接受電話訪問時說：「總會碰到有些人已經知道劇情，你該如何轉移他們的注意力，讓他們覺得有趣的棘手問題。我們知道，我們必須吸引人們注意經過修改的角色白羅（克莉絲蒂創造的怪異的比利時偵探）。」 To that end, Branagh and the scriptwriter, Michael Green, begin the movie with a showdown at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, as the detective solves another mystery. “I wanted to embrace the exotic and worldly side of Christie, to come into the big, hot open skies and find a new Poirot, our ticket for an exotic adventure,” Branagh said. 為達此目的，布萊納與編劇麥可·格林以偵探在耶路撒冷西牆解開一個對決謎團的方式，揭開電影序幕。布萊納說：「我想擁抱克莉絲蒂奇異與入世的一面，進入那既大又熱的開放天空，找到一個新的白羅，這是我們奇異冒險的門票。」 With an opening that has Poirot tripping up an escaping villain in a positively James Bond-esque manner, Branagh immediately established the detective as a far more dashing man of action than the novel's small hero “muffled up to the ears of whom nothing was visible but a pink-tipped nose and the two points of an upward curled mustache.” 這個開場讓白羅以絕對詹姆士·龐德的方式逼逃犯露出馬腳，布萊納也立刻將這位偵探塑造成遠比原著中小號英雄瀟灑的行動派男子漢；原著中的小號英雄「衣服直蓋到耳朵，除了一個粉紅鼻子，以及上捲的兩綹髭鬚，什麼都看不見」。Source article: https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0067/320990/web/ Next Article Topic: The Actor Behind the Ape The leader of the troops walks slowly through the ranks of soldiers, who part respectfully, as he looks at them with an expression that combines anger, pain and grim intent. But this isn't a human commander. It's Caesar, the ape who is the principal figure in 20th Century Fox's “Planet of the Apes” franchise. The scene comes from the latest in the series, “War for the Planet of the Apes,” which opens in the United States on July 14, and has generated laudatory reviews. 帶領部隊的長官慢慢走進士兵的隊伍中，士兵們尊敬地讓開，他仔細檢視他們，臉上的表情夾雜著憤怒、痛苦和不屈服的決心。但這位長官不是人類的指揮官。牠是「凱撒」，這頭猩猩是20世紀福斯公司「猩球崛起」系列電影的主角。這一幕出自此系列的新片「猩球崛起：終極決戰」，7月14日在美國上映，已經佳評如潮。 In “War,” the fragile truce between humans and apes has given way, and we discover the sinister Colonel (played by Woody Harrelson), whose early actions set in motion a series of devastating events for both populations. 在「終極決戰」片中，人類和猩猩之間脆弱的停火已維持不下去，而我們發現這位陰險的上校（伍迪哈里森飾演），他的初步行動開啟了一連串對人類和猩猩的毀滅事件。 Caesar, the ape whose expressions we are watching via digital transformation as he reacts to the Colonel's murderous deeds and musters his forces, is played by British actor Andy Serkis. In BoxOfficeMojo.com's ranking of actors by their ticket sales, Serkis is in the top 30, outflanking Brad Pitt and Daniel Radcliffe, among other far more famous names. His films average $125 million at the box office, more (by some distance) than those of Samuel L. Jackson or Tom Hanks. He has been acting professionally for nearly 30 years and has starred in numerous movies, some of them blockbusters like “The Lord of the Rings” trilogy, the 2005 “King Kong,” “Star Wars: The Force Awakens” and the “Apes” reboot. 凱撒，我們正透過數位轉換看著牠的表情的這頭猩猩，牠在對「上校」的凶狠行徑做出反應並召集牠的部隊，牠是由英國演員安迪席克斯飾演。在票房網站BoxOfficeMojo.com的男演員票房排行，安迪席克斯排在前30名，勝過布萊德彼特和丹尼爾雷德克里夫，還有其他名氣大得多的演員。他的電影平均票房1.25億美元，比山繆傑克森、湯姆漢克還多（差距不小）。他從事專業演出近30年，主演過許多電影，其中不乏大賣片，像是「魔戒」三部曲、2005年的「金剛」、「星際大戰7：原力覺醒」和「猩球崛起」的重拍電影。 Yet, for most moviegoers, Serkis, 53, is probably neither a household name nor face, since he has specialized for more than a decade in creating roles through performance capture — a complex technology that records the movement and facial expressions of human actors and then painstakingly renders them digitally to create fantastical characters, like Caesar, Gollum and King Kong. 然而，對大多數電影觀眾來說，53歲的席克斯大概不是家喻互曉的名字或臉孔，因為他十多年來專精於透過動態捕捉科技創造角色─這是一種複雜的科技，記錄人類演員的動作和表情，再費力地數位化，創造出想像的角色，像是凱撒、咕嚕和金剛。 Caesar, wrote A.O. Scott of The New York Times in a review of “Dawn of the Planet of the Apes,” is “a role that continues to redefine screen acting in the digital age. His facial expressions and body language are so evocatively and precisely rendered that it is impossible to say where his art ends and the exquisite artifice of Weta Digital, the special-effects company, begins.” 紐時影評人A.O.史考特在「猩球崛起：黎明的進擊」的評論寫道，凱撒是「數位時代繼續重新定義大銀幕表演的角色。他的臉部表情和身體語言如此生動和精準演出，不可能說他的演藝止於何處，特效公司Weta數位公司的精良技術又自何處開始。」Source article: https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0067/315730/web/#top Next Article Topic: Berlin Film Festival to make acting prizes gender neutral The organizers of the Berlin International Film Festival (aka Berlinale) said last Monday that they will stop awarding separate acting prizes to women and men beginning next year, and the performance awards will be defined in a gender-neutral way at next year's festival, for which a physical event is planned. 柏林國際影展主辦單位上週一表示，自明年起，他們不再分別頒發男女演員獎項。明年的影展將會以性別中立的方式來定義表演獎項，並將舉行實體典禮。 The festival awards a Golden Bear for the best film and a series of Silver Bears, which until this year included best actor and best actress honors. Organizers said those prizes will be replaced with a Silver Bear for Best Leading Performance and a Silver Bear for Best Supporting Performance. 柏林影展頒發金熊獎給最佳影片，以及銀熊獎給一系列項目，截至今年，銀熊獎均包括最佳男主角及最佳女主角獎。主辦單位表示，這些獎項將以最佳主角銀熊獎，及最佳配角銀熊獎兩獎項取代。 In a statement, the co-heads of the festival, Mariette Rissenbeek and Carlo Chatrian, said “not separating the awards in the acting field according to gender comprises a signal for a more gender-sensitive awareness in the film industry.” 柏林影展兩位總監瑪麗耶特‧里森貝克及卡洛‧夏堤安在一份聲明中表示：「不以性別來區分表演類獎項，所包含的信號是電影界對性別有更加敏銳的意識」。 The festival's Golden Bear is one of the most prestigious awards in Europe, together with the Palme d'Or of the Cannes festival in France and the Golden Lion award of the Venice Film Festival. Cannes still singles out a best actor and actress, while Venice awards a Volpi cup to actors of each sex. 德國柏林影展的金熊獎為歐洲地位最高的電影獎之一，與法國坎城影展的金棕櫚獎，以及義大利威尼斯電影節的金獅獎齊名。坎城影展及威尼斯影展仍分別頒發男、女演員獎。 At the same time, the Alfred Bauer Prize, which is named after the festival's founding director, will be permanently retired. The prize was suspended this year due to revelations about Bauer's role in the Nazis' moviemaking bureaucracy. 此外，以柏林影展創辦人命名的阿爾弗雷德‧鮑爾獎將永不再頒發。鮑爾被踢爆曾為納粹政府電影機構工作，因此今年該獎停頒。 Commenting on the decision to hold a physical event next year, despite uncertainties due to the coronavirus pandemic, the two directors stressed the need for a “lively relationship with the audience.” “In times of the corona pandemic, it has become even clearer that we still require analogue experience spaces in the cultural realm,” they said, noting that other festivals have also resumed holding physical rather than virtual events. The 2021 festival is scheduled for Feb. 11-21. 縱有冠狀病毒疫情所造成之不確定性，對於明年柏林影展舉行實體典禮的決定，兩位總監強調「與觀眾保持活生生關係」之必要性。「冠狀病毒疫情中愈發清楚顯示，在文化場域中，我們仍需要能提供類比經驗的空間」，他們表示，其他影展也已恢復舉行實體典禮。二○二一年之柏林影展訂於二月十一日至二十一日舉行。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2020/08/31/2003742547
Talán nem gondoltátok volna, hogy az '56-os forradalom hatásai Észak-Koreáig és Dél-Koreáig is elértek. Ebben az időben Magyarország baráti kapcsolatban állt a kommunista Észak-Koreával, és kb. 1000 észak-koreai diák tanult nálunk, közülük többen részt vettek a budapesti utcai harcokban. Dél-Koreában egy féldiktatórikus rezsim volt hatalmon, ami ellen a lakosság egyre elszántabban lázadozott. És hogy mi hozta lázba a dél-korei diákságot az egyik egyetemen és hogyan fogadta Észak-Korea a budapesti forradalom hírét? Az adásunkból kiderül!Források:Az összeállítás fő forrásai Dr. Csoma Mózes Korea-kutató következő munkái:Korea és Magyarország 1956-ban. Az Urálban találkozunk! (L'Harmattan Kiadó. Budapest, 2016.)Koreaiak Magyarországon az 1950-es években. (L'Harmattan Kiadó. Budapest, 2012.)valamint:Hungarian students meet Syngman Rhee in 1957. In: Korea Joongang Daily. 2021. október. 21.továbbá:https://ma7.sk/kavezo/meg-ma-is-mukodik-a-magyar-korhaz-koreabanhttps://archivnet.hu/politika/magyar_orvosok_koreaban_19501957.htmlhttps://terebess.hu/keletkultinfo/magyarsagkep.htmlhttps://napitortenelmiforras.blog.hu/2016/10/21/varosi_harcmodor_az_1956-os_forradalom_idejen?layout=5https://24.hu/kultura/2021/01/05/eszak-korea-diak-1956-forradalom-budapest-ismeretlen-budapest/ Elérhetőségek:E-mail cím: firstname.lastname@example.orgFacebook oldalunk linkjeHonlapunk linkjeYoutube csatornánk linkjeSpotify linkünkHirdetés és együttműködés:email@example.com
We have completely overhauled our Magyar Marketing website and changed the name to The Hungarian Store. That is a big change, you can find us at The Hungarian Store This name change has been coming for several years, out of necessity. But our commitment is the same — we want you to discover, celebrate, and share your Hungarian heritage in the ways that matter most to you and share it with the ones you love. We have also done the same for the Hungarian Living website. If you stopped by there, you may have noticed. If not, please check it out! You can listen to the PODCAST right from the website with our fancy podcast player. We have all the episodes together in one spot. Or, you can find the show that interests you on the individual show notes page and listen from there. And, we have put all of our recipe, language, history, and creative inspiration resources on the Hungarian Living website. So it's a place to go for a collection of resources in English. We would love to hear what you think of the changes! For more fun conversations about all kinds of things that have to do with Hungarian heritage and culture, be sure to tune into our next episode of the Hungarian Living podcast. If you have an idea for a topic to be discussed on this podcast, send an email to Podcast@HungarianLiving.com
#MikeAquilina joins me today to discuss the #churchfathers and the role that #friendship had in evangelizing. Mike is a leading expert on the Church Fathers and we go through many examples to show how important friendship was to the spread of the Gospel. We also discuss how we can use this method in our own time. Mike wrote a great book about this topic titled "Friendship and the Fathers: How The Early Church Evangelized". Check out the book at https://stpaulcenter.com/product/friendship-and-the-fathers-how-the-early-church-evangelized/ Learn more about Mike by visiting his website at https://fathersofthechurch.com/ About Mike Aquilina (from his website): Mike Aquilina is author or editor of more than fifty books, including The Fathers of the Church, The Mass of the Early Christians, and Angels of God. He has co-authored books with Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Dion DiMucci, theologian Scott Hahn, and singer-songwriter John Michael Talbot, among others. His works have been translated into many languages, from Hungarian and Portuguese to German and Braille. The Grail Code has appeared in ten languages since its publication in 2006. Mike has co-hosted eleven thirteen-week series that air on the Eternal Word Television Network. He is solo host of two feature-length documentaries. He appears weekly on radio's “Sonrise Morning Show” and is a frequent guest on other TV and radio shows. For many years he was a panelist on “The Weekly Roman Observer,” a news-commentary program on Catholic Familyland Network. In 2011 Mike was a featured presenter of the U.S. Bishops' Leadership Institute. He wrote the USCCB's theological reflection for Catechetical Sunday in 2011. Since 2002 he has collaborated closely with the St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology, which he has served as an executive and trustee. He is a contributing editor to Angelus News, and he podcasts twice monthly for CatholicCulture.org. He is past editor of New Covenant: A Magazine of Catholic Spirituality (1996-2002) and The Pittsburgh Catholic newspaper (1993-1996). He has published hundreds of articles, essays, and reviews in journals such as First Things, Touchstone, Crisis, Our Sunday Visitor, National Catholic Register, The Priest, Columbia, and Catholic Heritage. He contributed work on early Christianity to the Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought. He has received honors from the Catholic Press Association, including “Best Magazine” for New Covenant during his editorship. Mike has led pilgrimages to Italy, Greece, Turkey, and the Holy Land and is a popular speaker on Catholic history, doctrine, and devotion. He has keynoted events and lectured in prestigious venues, including the U.S. Capitol, Aquinas College (Nashville), Franciscan University, Little Portion Monastery, Penn State University, St. John Fisher Seminary, State University of New York, University of California at Los Angeles, University of Pittsburgh, Vanderbilt University, and Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo). He is also a poet whose works have appeared in U.S. literary journals (and elsewhere in translation). He shares songwriting credits with Grammy Award-winner Dion on the critically acclaimed albums Tank Full of Blues (2012) and New York Is My Home (2015). His songs with Dion have also been recorded by Paul Simon and Christy Altomare. Mike is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Penn State University, where he finished with honors and high distinction. He received the University's Oswald Award for Achievement in Journalism and Mass Media. He has, for years, served as a consultant and collaborator to scholars, artists, and Church leaders, helping them to produce books, speeches, and essays. He and his wife, Terri, have been married since 1985. Their six children are the subject of his book Love in the Little Things. Their growing number of grandchildren are much loved.
Post-match reaction as Celtic get off the mark in Europa League Group G with a 2-0 win over Hungarian champions Ferencvaros. Hearing from Celtic manager Ange Postecoglou.
Murder + Horrific = Murderific.This episode was sponsored by Ana Luisa at https://shop.analuisa.com/murderific(Use code MURDERIFIC for 10% off)We continue vampire month on Murderific with a show about Elizabeth Bathory, also known as "The Blood Countess," who was an aristocrat from an elite Hungarian family.Bernadette and Rebekah go back 500 years to discuss one of the most blood thirsty female serial killers in history....or was she?Executive Producer: Mike T.Contact Us:firstname.lastname@example.orgCall 1-207-200-8813 to leave a voice message for us which we may play on the air!Patreon:https://www.patreon.com/join/murderificpodcastBuy Me a Coffee:https://www.buymeacoffee.com/murderific Sources:https://www.historytoday.com/archive/months-past/death-countess-elizabeth-bathoryhttps://allthatsinteresting.com/elizabeth-bathory-true-storyhttps://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/bathorys-torturous-escapades-are-exposedhttps://history.howstuffworks.com/history-vs-myth/hungarian-countess-serial-killer1.htmhttps://historycollection.co/real-countess-dracula-12-facts-life-crimes-elizabeth-bathory/
Hello! Hola! Szia! That's the popular greetings in three languages: English, Spanish and Hungarian. These are the three languages I have learned or attempted to learn ;) In this episode I share funny stories from the cross-cultural language-learning experiences I have had and talk about what it is that Jesus came to us cross-culturally.Listen in if you:need to laugh and hear something funny.struggle through taking yourself TOO seriously.have ever tried to learn another language.want to learn more about cross-cultural experiences.need to remember what Jesus did to come and save us!I hope this light-hearted week challenges you to take steps into other cultures and learn the beauty of letting go of perfect to seek to understand new things and new people!Your fellow messy-life journeyer and friend,Abby (Abigail)http://www.abigailalleman.com
Synopsis There are some operas which are rarely – if ever – staged, but whose music becomes famous – even wildly popular—in the concert hall. Everyone has heard the overture to Rossini's “William Tell,” for example, but only a few fortunate (or very determined) opera fans ever get to see the whole opera staged. Zoltán Kodály's opera “Háry János” falls into this strange class of works both popular AND obscure. This comic opera debuted at the Royal Hungarian Opera House in Budapest on today's date in 1926 and recounts the adventures of an old veteran of the Napoleonic Wars named “Háry János.” In the village tavern, Háry boasts of his heroic exploits: how he singlehandedly won a battle against Napoleon, for example, and how the Emperor's Wife fell in love with him, and she would have run off with him if he'd wanted, but he chose to remain true to his Hungarian sweetheart back home. You get the idea… Kodály's opera was a hit in Budapest but was not taken up elsewhere. But a concert suite of excerpts from its brilliant score depicting Háry János's imaginary adventures became a popular showpiece for orchestras, an unbeatable combination of great tunes, colorful orchestration, and smile-inducing wit. Music Played in Today's Program Zoltán Kodály (1882 – 1967) — Háry János Suite (Budapest Festival Orchestra; Ivan Fischer, cond.) Philips 462 824
Another Room 1 on 1 for the week, and this time we're welcoming Ferencvaros back to Celtic Park for the Europa League match day 3.To help us talk about the Hungarian champions, Scott welcomes Hungarian journalist Aron Arronyossy to the show.Aron tells us about himself and his love for football, before giving us a breakdown on last seasons outstanding Fradi season.He tells us the situation with the club and about the outgoing Sergei Rebrov and incoming Peter Stöger, and the implications.We look at the ins and outs of the summer, before Aron tells us his opinion on the Green Eagles squad.We look at the recent Fradi games, and then chat about the upcoming match on Tuesday.We finish off, with Aron chatting about the problems with racism and antisemitism that face the Hungarian sides off the pitch.Élvezd
Samantha Besson Droit international des institutions Collège de France Année 2021-2022 Ivan Krastev - Conférencier invité - Cycle europe du Collège de France : L'angoisse du déclin. Démocratie, démographie et clivage Est-Ouest en Europe Conference in English (Conférence en anglais) This lecture defines liberalism and illiberalism as two distinct responses to the changing demographic structure of European societies. In a democracy, the most existential collective right is the right to exclude. Democracy is preconditioned on the right of the democratic political community to decide who can and who cannot be a member. How you define the right to exclude is what distinguishes liberal from illiberal democracies. The European liberal project focuses on the protection of the rights of minorities as the way to manage diversity at a time when a growing number of migrants are coming from outside Europe. The illiberal project in Europe, associated with the current governments of Hungary and Poland, is about preserving the ethnic state in rapidly diversifying societies. The European illiberalism of the twenty-first century is not the second coming of nineteenth- or twentieth-century European nationalism. It is not about gathering all Bulgarians, Hungarians, or Poles into their own respective territorial political entities. It is about preserving the ethnic homogeneity of the electoral body while accepting the need to open its labor market to foreigners.
The Mongols were famous for their ultimatums of destruction and submission. No shortage of thirteenth century states received demands for their unconditional surrender to the Great Khan granted divine mandate to rule by Eternal Blue Heaven. Initially, the Mongol imperial ideology was extremely black and white: you could submit to Mongol rule, or face total annihilation. There was no room for other relationships, for the Great Khan had no allies, only subjects. But as the thirteenth century went on and the dream of Chinggisid world hegemony slipped away as the divisions of the Mongol Empire went their separate ways, the Mongol Khans in the west began to seek not the capitulation, but the cooperation of western Europe to aid in their wars against Mamluks. For the Ilkhanate's sixty-year struggle against the Mamluk Sultanate, the Il-Khans sought to bring the Popes and Monarchs of Europe to a new crusade to assist in the defeat of the Mamluks, an ultimately fruitless endeavour, and the topic of today's episode. I'm your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. The first Mongol messages to the Kings of Europe came in the late 1230s and 40s, accompanying Batu and Sube'edei's western invasion, asking the Hungarians how they possibly could hope to flee the grasp of the Mongols. We know the Mongols sent a number of envoys to European monarchs and dukes, and employed a variety of peoples in this enterprise, including at least one Englishman. Over the 1240s and 50s, European envoys like John de Plano Carpini or William of Rubrucks to the Mongol Empire returned from Karakorum with orders for the Kings and Popes to come to Mongolia and submit in person.While Rus' and Armenian lords and kings did do so, there is little indication that European rulers even responded to these demands. For the Mongols, who seemed poised to dominate everything under the Eternal Blue Sky, there was little reason to adopt more conciliatory language. From their point of view, the Europeans were only stalling the inevitable: soon Mongol hoofbeats would certainly be heard in Paris and Rome. The Mongols treated the European states as their diplomatic inferiors, subjects basically in a state of rebellion by fact that they had not already submitted. Cruel, threatening and demanding letters were the norm, and it's safe to say any future efforts at alliance were greatly hampered by this opening salvo. The rare diplomatic exception was an embassy sent to King Louis IX of France during his stay in Cyprus in 1248 just before the 7th Crusade. There, messengers came from the Mongol commander in the west, Eljigidei, an ally to the reigning Great Khan, Guyuk. Headed by two Christians in Eljigidei's service, the embassy bore letters from Eljigidei. These letters called Louis ‘son,' and had no demand of submission, but mentioned Mongol favouritism to Christians, urged the French King not to discriminate between Latin and non-Latin Christians as all were equal under Mongol law, and wished him well in his crusade. The two Christian representatives of Eljigidei asserted that he was a Christian and that Guyuk himself had already been baptised. The urged Louis to attack Egypt, and prevent its Ayyubid prince from sending forces to aid the Caliph in Baghdad, who the Mongols were soon to attack. Louis, is should be noted, almost certainly had not been anticipating any cooperation from the Mongols; he had been well aware of their attacks on Hungary only a few years before, learned of Mongol demands and treatment of foreign powers from travellers like Carpini, and apparently received Mongol ultimatums for his submission in 1247. Further, a devout Christian, it is unlikely he would have gone looking for allies among “pagans,” even for fighting against Muslims. Still, he reacted well to Eljigidei's messengers and sent a return embassy with gifts with them back to Eljigidei which were to be sent on to Guyuk, while the initial letter was forwarded back to France and ultimately to King Henry III of England. Ultimately, it was for naught. Guyuk was dead even before Louis received Eljigidei's letter, and Eljigidei himself was soon put to death in the following political turmoil. Little is known of the embassy Louis sent back with Eljigdei's representatives, but from the little heard of it through William of Rubruck a few years later, it seems to have achieved nothing beyond meeting Guyuk's widow and the regent, Oghul Qaimish, who portrayed Louis' gifts as tokens of the French King's submission. Following the meeting on Cypress, Louis IX suffered a humiliating defeat in Egypt at Mansura, captured and was ransomed by the newly emerging Mamluks. By the time he returned to France and received Oghul Qaimish's reply, not only was she dead, but the responding letter was essentially another demand for his surrender. This first non-threatening Mongol embassy succeeded only in making the King of France feel like he had been tricked, especially since the new Great Khan, Mongke, sent a letter back with William of Rubruck that disavowed Eljigidei's embassy. It has been speculated that Eljigidei was using the embassy to spy on Louis, as he was wary of the sudden arrival of Louis' army in Cyprus, and a desire to find out his military intentions, rather than any genuine interest in cooperation at this point. His hope may have been to ensure that this new army attacked Mongol enemies, rather than get in the way of the Mongols. The halting of the Mongol advance at Ayn Jalut by the Mamluks, and fracturing of the Empire into independent Khanates after Great Khan Mongke's death left the new Ilkhanate in a precarious position. Surrounded by enemies on all sides, the only direction they could expand not at the expense of fellow Mongols was against the Mamluks, who fortified their shared border with the Ilkhans. Even a small raid could trigger the arrival of the full Mamluk army, a dangerous prospect against such deadly warriors. Yet the Ilkhans could not bring their full might to bear on the shared border with the Mamluks in Syria, as it would leave their other borders open to attacks from the Golden Horde, Chagatais or Neguderis, in addition to the trouble of provisioning an army in the tough, hot and dry conditions of the Levantine coastline, a route the Mamluks secured and fortified. Opening a new front against the Mamluks was necessary, and there were already convenient beachheads established in the form of the remaining Crusader States. A shadow of their former selves, the Crusader states were represented by a few major coastal holdings like Antioch, Tripoli, and Acre, and inland fortifications like Krak de Chevaliers and Montfort, as well as the Kingdom of Cyprus, whose ruler, Hugh III of Cyprus, took the title King of Jerusalem in 1268. The Crusader States had shown neutrality to the Mongols, or even joined them such as the County of Tripoli did in 1260 after the Mongols entered Syria. In early 1260, the papal legate at Acre sent an embassy to Hulegu, most likely to discourage him from attacking the Crusader holdings. Along with information from the Kings of Armenian Cilicia, their most important regional vassals, the Mongols would have had a vague knowledge of western Europe and their crusading history. The Ilkhanate's founder, Hulegu, sent the first letter to the west in 1262, intended once more for King Louis IX, though this embassy was turned back in Sicily. This letter was friendlier terms than most Mongol missives, but still contained threats, if rather subdued. Pope Urban IV may have learned of the attempt, and the next year sent a letter to Hulegu, apparently having been told that the Il-Khan had become a Christian. Delighted at the idea, the Pope informed Hulegu that if he was baptised, he would receive aid from the west. In reality, Hulegu never converted to Christianity, and died in 1265 without sending any more letters. His son and successor, Abaqa, was the Il-Khan most dedicated to establishing a Franco-Mongol alliance and came the closest to doing so. Due to conflict on his distant borders with the Golden Horde and Chagatayids, as well as the troubles of consolidating power as new monarch in a new realm, for the 1260s he was unable to commit forces to the Mamluk frontier. As a good Mongol, Abaqa was unwilling to allow the enemy total respite, and made it his mission to encourage an attack from the west on the Mamluks. His first embassy was sent in 1266, shortly after becoming Il-Khan, contacting the Byzantines, Pope Clement IV and King James I of Aragon, hoping for a united Christian front to combine efforts with the Mongols against the Mamluks, inquiring which route into Palestine the Christian forces would take. The responses were generally positive, Pope Clement replying that as soon as he knew which route, he would inform Abaqa. Abaqa sent a message again in 1268, inquiring about this progress. James of Aragon found himself the most motivated by the Il-Khans requests, encouraged by the promises of Abaqa's logistical and military support once they reached the mainland. James made his preparations, and launched a fleet in September 1269. An unexpected storm scattered the fleet, and only two of James' bastard children made it to Acre, who stayed only briefly, accomplishing little there. Not long after, King Louis IX set out for Crusade once more, making the inexplicable choice to land in Tunis in 1270. Despite his well planned efforts, the Crusade was an utter disaster, and Louis died of dysentery outside the walls of Tunis in August 1270. Prince Edward of England with his army landed in Tunis shortly before the evacuation of the crusaders, and disgusted by what he saw, set his fleet for the Holy Land, landing at Acre in May 1271, joined by Hugh of Lusignan, King of Cyprus. Edward's timing was good, as Abaqa had returned from a great victory over the Chagatai Khan Baraq at Herat in July 1270, though had suffered a major hunting accident that November. The Mamluk Sultan Baybars was campaigning in Syria in spring 1271, the famous Krak des Chevaliers falling to him that April. Tripoli would have fallen next, had Baybars not retreated back to Damascus hearing of the sudden arrival of a Crusader fleet, and was wary of being caught between European heavy cavalry and Mongol horse archers. Soon after landing Edward made his preparations for an offensive, and reached out to Abaqa. Abaqa was delighted, and sent a reply and orders for Samaghar, the Mongol commander in Anatolia, to head to Syria. Edward did not wait for Abaqa's reply, and there is no indication he ever responded to Abaqa's letter. He set out in mid-July, ensuring his army suffered the most from the summer heat, while missing the Mongols who preferred to campaign in the winter. Suffering high casualties and accomplishing little, he withdrew back to Acre. In mid-October Samaghar arrived with his army, raiding as far as to the west of Aleppo while an elite force of Mongols scouted ahead, routing a large group of Turkmen between Antioch and Harim, but was soon forced to retreat with the advance of the Mamluk army under Baybars. Missing Samagahr by only a few weeks, in November Edward marched south from Acre at the head of a column of men from England, Acre, Cyprus, with Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights. They ambushed some Turkmen on the Sharon plain, forced the local Mamluk governor to withdraw, but with the arrival of large Mamluk reinforcements the Crusaders fled, losing their prisoners and booty. That was the closest the Mongols and the Franks came to proper coordination. Edward helped oversee a peace treaty between the Mamluks and the Kingdom of Jersualem, but the heat, difficulties campaigning, political infighting and an assassination attempt on his life permanently turned him off of crusading. By September 1272, Edward set sail for England. A few weeks after his departure the Mongols again invaded, besieging al-Bira but were defeated by the Mamluks in December. Edward's brief effort in Syria demonstrated the difficulties prefacing any Mongol-Frankish cooperation. The Mamluks were a cohesive, unified force, well accustomed to the environment and working from a well supplied logistic system and intelligence network, while the Franks and Mongols were unable to ever develop a proper timetable for operations together. The European arrivals generally had unrealistic goals for their campaigns, bringing neither the men, resources or experience to make an impact. Abaqa continued to organize further efforts, and found many willing ears at the Second Council of Lyons in France in 1274, a meeting of the great powers of Christendom intended to settle doctrinal issues, the division of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, and plan the reconquest of the Holy land. Abaqa's delegation informed the Council that the Il-Khan had secured his borders, that peace had been achieved between all the Mongols Khanates, and he could now bring his full might against the Mamluks, and urged the Christian powers to do likewise. The current Pope, Gregory X, fully supported this and made efforts to set things in motion, but his death in 1276 killed whatever momentum this process had had. Abaqa sent another round of envoys, who reached the King of France and the new King of England, Edward. The envoys brought the Il-khan's apologies for failing to cooperate properly during Edward's crusade, and asked him to return. Edward politely declined. This was the final set of envoys Abaqa sent west. Perhaps frustrated, he finally organized a proper invasion of Syria, only an army under his brother Mongke-Temur to be defeated by the Mamluks at Homs, and Abaqa himself dying soon after in 1282. His successors were to find no more luck that he had. The most interesting envoy to bring the tidings of the Il-Khan to Europe did not originate in the Ilkhanate, but in China: Rabban Bar Sawma, born in 1220 in what is now modern day Beijing, was a Turkic Nestorian priest who had set out on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem before being conscripted to act as a messenger for the Il-Khan, in a journey which is a fascinating contrast to that of his contemporary Marco Polo. Even given him his own dedicated episode in this podcast series, but we'll give here a brief recount of his journey. Writing his accounts down upon his return to Baghdad later in life, he described how he brought messages and gifts to the Byzantine Emperor Andronicos II Palaiologus, marvelled at the Hagia Sophia, then landed in Sicily and made his way to Rome, having just missed the death of Pope Honorius IV. Travelling on to France, he was warmly welcomed by King Phillip IV, and then on to Gascony where he met the campaigning King Edward of England, who again responded kindly to the Il-khan's envoy. On his return journey, he met the new Pope Nicholas IV in 1288 before returning to the Ilkhanate. Despite the generous receptions Rabban Sauma was given by the heads of Europe, and despite the Il-khan's promises to return Jerusalem to Christian hands, the reality was there was no ruler in the west interested, or capable of, going on Crusade. By now, the act of Crusading in the Holy land had lost its lustre, the final crusades almost all disasters, and costly ones at that. With the final Crusader strongholds falling to the Mamluks in the early 1290s, there was no longer even a proper beachhead on the coast for a Crusading army. The sheer distance and cost of going on Crusade, especially with numerous ongoing issues in their own Kingdoms at hand, outweighed whatever perceived benefit there might have been in doing so. Further, while Rabban Sauma personally could be well received, the Mongols themselves remained uncertain allies. From 1285 through to 1288, Golden Horde attacks on eastern Europe had recommenced in force. Even the new Khan of the Golden Horde, Tele-Buqa, had led an army into Poland. For the Europeans, the distinctions between the Mongol Khanates were hard to register; how could messages of peace from some Mongols be matched with the open war other Mongols were undertaking? All evidence seems to suggest that the western Franks did not understand that the Golden Horde and Ilkhanate were separate political entities. Recall earlier the conflicting letters Louis IX had received in the 1240s, where one Mongol general offered friendship, only to be tricked in seemingly submitting to the Mongols and then receive letters in the 1250s telling him to discount the previous envoys. Together these encouraged unease over perceiving the Mongols as allies, and served to further dampen interest to pursue these alliances. In contrast, the Mamluks had somewhat greater success in their own overseas diplomacy: in the 1260s Baybars initiated contact with the Golden Horde, ruled by the Muslim Berke Khan, encouraging him to keep up his warfare with his Ilkhanid cousins. Sultan Baybars also kept good relations with the Byzantine Empire and the Genoese, allowing him to keep the flow of Turkic slave soldiers from the steppes of the Golden Horde open, the keystone of the Mamluk military. There is also evidence they undertook some limited diplomacy with Qaidu Khan during the height of his rule over Central Asia and the Chagatayids. While the Mamluks and Golden Horde never undertook any true military cooperation, the continuation of their talks kept the Ilkhanate wary of enemies on all borders, never truly able to bring the entirety of its considerable might against one foe least another strike the Il-Khan's exposed frontiers. But, did the Golden Horde, in the 1260s, perceive this as an alliance? We only have Mamluk accounts of the relationship, but scholarship often supposes that the Golden Horde Khans perceived this as the submission of the Mamluks, and any cooperation was the cooperation between overlord and subject. As many of the Mamluk ruling class were Qipchaqs, so the Mongols had come to see as their natural slaves, it may well be that Berke saw the submission of the Mamluks as a natural part of their relationship, especially since he already ruled the Qipchaq homeland. This alliance, alongside never resulting in direct cooperation, was also never always amicable. When the Jochid Khans grew annoyed with the Mamluks, they would halt the trade of Qipchaq slaves and threaten to deprive the Mamluks of their greatest source of warriors. During the long reign of Mamluk Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad, a daughter of the Golden Horde Khan Ozbeg was wed to him, in an effort to cement the relationship after a rocky start to the 1300s. Al-Nasir soon accused her of not actually being a Chinggisid, insulting her and infuriating Ozbeg. Yet the relationship survived until the invasions of Emir Temur at the close of the fourteenth century, when the Mamluks and Golden Horde once again took part in a doomed west-Asian effort to ally against Temur. Ilkhanid-European contacts continued into the 14th century, but with somewhat less regularity after Rabban bar Sawma's journey. An archbishopric was even founded in the new Ilkhanid capital of Sultaniyya in 1318, and Papal envoys would travel through the Ilkhanate to the Yuan Dynasty in China until the 1330s. A few envoys came from the Il-Khans still hoping to achieve military cooperation; Ghazan Il-Khan continued to send them before his invasions, including the only one that actually defeated the Mamluk army and led to a brief Mongol advance down the coast, occupying Damascus. News of Ghazan's successes did spread rapidly, for the Spanish Franciscan Ramon Llull learned of it and promptly sailed all the way across the Mediterranean, hoping to be among the first missionaries to land in the newly reclaimed Holy Land. But upon arriving in Cypress, Llull learned of Ghazan's equally quick withdrawal. The combined news of a Mongol victory followed by sudden Mongol withdrawal must have only affirmed the opinion of many of the futility of taking part in any more crusades with the Mongols. Military operations against the Mamluks mostly ceased after Ghazan's death, until a formal peace was achieved between them and the Ilkhanate at the start of the 1320s. Naturally, no further messages for alliances with the powers of Europe were forth coming, and consequently putting an almost total end to European interest and contacts with the Middle East for the next five centuries. European-Mongol relations would continue for some time longer in the territory of the Golden Horde, where the attention of our podcast moves next, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals podcast for more. If you enjoyed this and would like to help us continue bringing you great content, then consider supporting us on Patreon at www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I'm your host David, and we'll catch you on the next one.
Several months ago, Alice Caldwell-Kelly awoke from a literal fever dream covered in a sheen of sweat, with one name on her lips: JOHN TALIBAN. A man whose name is just, coincidentally, Taliban. A man who loves Ford cars. Maybe his name's Hungarian, it's impossible to know. And now, from that impossible dream, Alice and friend of the show Noah Suarez-Sikes have written a real pilot which we've table read for you—the loyal hog. Please enjoy this TF Special Presentation™ of JOHN TALIBAN. CAST LIST: John Taliban: @Devon_OnEarth (Devon) Erika Joiner: @AliceAvizandum (Alice Caldwell-Kelly) Ashleigh Belden: @PrhRoy (Phoebe Roy) Squib Jackson: @Milo_Edwards (Milo Edwards) Heppie Jackson: @GoingMedieval (Dr Eleanor Janega) Chent Mustang: @inthesedeserts (Nate Bethea) Carter: @notliamanders0n (Liam Anderson) Waiter / Charon: @who_shot_jgr (Justin Roczniak) Kennedy Cutout / Stage Directions: @noahpasaran (Noah Suarez-Sikes)
John II Komnenos takes charge of the Empire and campaigns immediately in Anatolia. But he is soon beset by the complications of the new position Byzantium finds itself in. Serbians, Steppe tribes, Hungarians and Venetians all demand his attention. Enemies and allies are crowding the chess board and John must make each move very carefully. Period: 1118-1127If you want to send in feedback to the podcast:- Either comment at https://thehistoryofbyzantium.com/- Or on the facebook page.- Leave a review on Itunes.- Follow me on Twitter or Instagram See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Two women set sail on a tiny boat, embarking on a journey to freedom that takes them across the globe. And a Hungarian composer dreams of changing the world… he did. STORIES From Russia With Love Two women, a tiny boat, the wide-open ocean… and kismet. Elena has written a book about their adventure, called Talking to the Moon. You can read the story on the couple's website. This story contains scenes of violence against a same-sex couple, sensitive listeners please be advised. Produced by Liz Mak, original score by Leon Morimoto Gloomy Sunday Hungarian composer Rezso Seress dreamed of changing the world with his music… he did. This story discusses suicide, sensitive listeners please be advised. Produced and scored by Davey Kim Artwork by Teo Ducot Snap Classic - Season 8 Episode 28