The evidence is piling up: endorsements don't mean much. Boyd looks at a new analysis in CNN outlining just how much high profile endorsements don't sway voters. But what factors do impact who voters choose to support? See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
When you think of a fresco, do you expect to see people experiencing homelessness, addiction, or serious illnesses? One church in Asheville, North Carolina commissioned an amazing piece highlighting people who society may have forgotten but who have infinite dignity and worth. Chris Zaluski talks with Boyd about his extraordinary new documentary, Theirs is the Kingdom, which tells the stories of the people seen in this work of art. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
President Biden is on his first trip to Asia since taking office. But with inflation on the rise and war raging in Ukraine, why does this visit matter? And what message does it send to our allies and partners...and most importantly China and North Korea? See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
It's Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Heritage month, and there's an event happening in Utah today to honor members of that community. Former California State Assemblyman and MC of the event Floyd Mori joins the show to talk about it and remember the trailblazing former Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
What will Russia's strategy be now that Sweden and Finland have applied to join NATO? With news that Russia is cutting off natural gas supplies, David Salvo from the Alliance for Securing Democracy joins Boyd to talk about the threats both real and unlikely the two countries could face. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Politicians everywhere are talking about inflation. But Real Clear Politics contributor Myra Adams has a new piece in The Hill showing how ignoring the national debt has lead and will lead to major problems for the U.S. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
If you think the baby formula shortage is just about baby formula, it's time to think again. Fingers are pointing everywhere as store shelves are bare. But the crisis is an example of government bureaucracy getting in the way of common sense and good policy. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
While meeting with President Biden today, the Swedish Prime Minister said "During dark times it is great to be among close friends." But what prevents us from linking arms with our friends? And how can friends, whether they're a colleague or a foreign country, help us move forward during adversity? See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
A lot of the stories coming out of Ukraine have been unimaginably sad and horrific. Cities bombed, millions displaced, or killed. But where there is darkness there is also light. In this case, the light of service and volunteers. Utah Policy Editor and Deseret News columnist Holly Richardson calls from the Ukrainian/Polish border on efforts to help refugees. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Two years after Congressman Chris Stewart's bill was signed into law, states are preparing to launch the new 988 suicide prevention lifeline number this summer. Representative Stewart joins Boyd to discuss the exciting roll out, as well as his latest bill addressing the baby formula shortage. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
The President of Finland and the Swedish Prime Minister joined President Biden at the White House today to make their case for joining NATO. What was their message? And what roadblocks lie ahead? See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Vice President Kamala Harris wants to get out of DC more. But with a 50-50 Senate, she's cast a record number of tie-breaking votes. Boyd looks at the role of the Vice President and why staying home might be a better idea than traveling abroad. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
President Biden's trip to Asia is a chance for him to refocus on countering China, while strengthening ties with our allies in the Pacific. But this is all happening while North Korea threatens to test fire a long-range missile. Jonathan Bench from World Trade Center Utah discusses what can we expect from the president's trip. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
We've talked about ants being the victims of herpetofauna depredation, but what about snakes that are friends to ants? This episode we chat about a paper detailing the antics of an “ant-mother”. Become a Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/herphighlights Full reference list available here: http://www.herphighlights.podbean.com Main Paper References: Jono T, Kojima Y, Mizuno T. 2019. Novel cooperative antipredator tactics of an ant specialized against a snake. Royal Society Open Science 6:190283. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.190283. Species of the Bi-Week: de Oca AN-M, Castresana-Villanueva N, Canseco-Márquez L, Campbell JA. 2022. A New Species of Xenosaurus (Squamata: Xenosauridae) from the Sierra de Juárez of Oaxaca, Mexico. Herpetologica 78. DOI: 10.1655/Herpetologica-D-21-00041.1. Other Mentioned Papers/Studies: Hodges, CW, Marshall, BM, Hill, JG, Strine, CT. 2022. Malayan kraits (Bungarus candidus) show affinity to anthropogenic structures in a human dominated landscape. Scientific reports, 12(1), pp.1-16. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-11255-z Knolle, F, Goncalves, RP, Morton, AJ. 2017. Sheep recognize familiar and unfamiliar human faces from two-dimensional images. Royal Society Open Science, 4(11), 171228. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171228 Other Links/Mentions: Wolves and raven playing: https://www.yellowstone.org/naturalist-notes-wolves-and-ravens/ Ant video from Jono et al., - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6731735/bin/rsos190283supp2.avi Music: Intro/outro – Treehouse by Ed Nelson Species Bi-week theme – Mike Mooney Other Music – The Passion HiFi, www.thepassionhifi.com
With all the focus on former President Trump, a major story from last night's primary election has flown under the radar: progressives did not do well. Boyd looks at why that is and what we can learn from the few progressive candidates who did score wins. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Sweden and Finland have formally filed applications to join NATO, but how will they make their presence felt in that organization? Will they be valued partners with equal voices or will their ideas be crowded out by bigger countries? The Washington Post's Ishaan Tharoor talks with Boyd about what we can expect. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
This primary season, candidates across the country have hopped on the endorsement bandwagon. They're laser focused on who does and who does not have support from some of our nation's most high profile politicians. Boyd chats about why this is a bad bandwagon to jump on. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
If you've checked your 401(k) today, you've probably been pretty depressed. What is behind Wall Street's major sell off? Investopedia Editor-in-Chief Caleb Silver talks with Boyd about whether this a blip or a sign of longer term problems in the economy. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Title 42 may be ending within a week. But does the Biden administration have a plan to deal with what may be a massive surge in migrants at the southern border? A visit to the border by Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas yesterday has left many, including fellow Democrats, with lots of questions. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Computer chips. Football stadiums. Electric cars. It's all things you're paying for...even if they're in another state. Michael Farren from the Mercatus Institute has a new piece in The Hill outlining the lack of transparency in these government subsidies, and how voters end up funding politicians' reelection campaigns. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Former President Donald Trump endorsed 26 candidates in primaries across the country yesterday. But does the 45th president's support really matter, let alone any other high-profile endorsements? Boyd talks about why voters are tuning out endorsements and focusing more on what candidates are offering. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Does your baby show signs of discomfort after feeding? In this episode, Dr. Carole Keim MD goes over practices to best help your baby through peeing/pooping, gas, colic, and other tummy troubles. If your baby has colic, there are ways to help digestion and alleviate discomfort. Vomiting in infants can be a bad sign; she explains how best to keep your little one hydrated with no treatment for vomiting or diarrhea.Dr. Carole Kiem MD details different conditions your baby may experience within their first year, such as diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, and reflux. Watch out for blood in the diaper; she goes over the potential causes, from stool to urine or even a “false period” in baby girls. Check out this episode for more information about tummy troubles.We will cover: PeePoopPotty training an infantBurpingGasColic - dx and txSpit ups / GERDVomiting - gastroenteritis, pyloric stenosis, no txDiarrhea - tx, when to be concerned, signs of dehydrationConstipationBlood in the diaperPee (0:21)Allow up to 24h for the first void.A few pees for the first few days; by day 3-5, mom's milk surges, and baby voids with each feedVolume is difficult to discern, and the color is sometimes pale - diapers with urine stripes are helpful.Rust-colored urine in the first 2-3 days (uric acid crystals)If a baby less than six mos voids less than 6x per 24h or goes more than four h between voids, they may be dehydrated (nighttime doesn't count!). Babies >6 mos should void at least once per 6h.Poop (2:48)Up to 48h for first stoolMeconium (and what it means if passed in utero)Transitional stoolsYellow seedy stoolsOver the first 4-6 months becomes brown and toothpaste-consistencyFormula-fed babies may have brown, yellow, or green stool; tends to be smellierHydrolyzed formula -> gray stoolsRule of 7'sOnce they eat food, their poop becomes like adult poopPotty training from birth / Elimination communication / Diaper-free method (6:27)Involves reading baby's cues and giving cues when it's time to pottyCan start as early as birth; I recommend around 1-2mos of age after the discoordinate stooling phase.Decide on a phrase and/or hand signal to useBring your baby to the potty (over the sink, potty chair, or toilet adapter)Make a sound to indicate it's time to go (“psss” or grunt)Easy catches: babies who go during diaper changes, right after waking up, after eating, when you see them poopingIt takes several months; ok to wait until later. Toddlers: takes about 6 mos for daytime and another 6-12mos for nighttime.I love it because there are fewer diapers, less discomfort for the baby, less diaper rash, and it is easier than toddlerhood.Burping (12:28)How toWhen to (breastfed, formula-fed)Why? Decreases gas, colic, spit-upsThey can stop when they burp on their own (around 4-6 mos)Gas (14:20)Normal to fart a lot, loudly, and have smelly gasBreastfed babies may get more gas when mom eats cruciferous vegetables, beans, garlic, and caffeineCheck with your doctor before you start eliminating foodsSimethicone - how it works, when to give it, how oftenColic (16:21)Rule of 3s: 3h per day, 3 days per week, for 3 weeksAlmost all babies get some colic symptoms at some point.Tummy TimeBicycle legsBelly massage - clockwiseBack rubs - counterclockwiseMedicines: simethicone, probiotics, gripe water; can consider chamomile, licorice, or mint tea - dilute, 1/2oz per dayAlternative health: chiropractic, acupuncture, ayurveda - I can't formally recommend them, but they are sometimes helpful; choose your practitioner carefully.What doesn't work - is the sensitive tummy formula. No formula will treat colic.Spit ups / GERD (20:47)Reflux = stomach contents go up into the esophagus.GERD = reflux is so bad that the baby has poor weight gain or loses weight, chokes, arches in pain, or has other problemsLESSpit-ups are not forceful.Tx: decrease volume and increase the frequency of feeds (BF vs. formula), burp baby well, anti-reflux formula/breast milk thickeners, add 1 tsp rice cereal to 2oz formula/breastmilk (this is the ONLY time we put rice cereal in a bottle), use gravity, medications such as ranitidine make the stomach produce less acid but don't decrease the volumeCall your doctor if the baby spits up more than half of their food, if they look like they are in pain with spitting up, if they appear to choke, or if it starts to become more frequent and the baby seems hungry after spitting up.Check out healthychildren.org for more info.Vomiting (28:09)Forceful: Involves abdominal muscles and a retching movementProjectile vomiting goes about 2-3 feet, but spit-ups can tooThe baby is upset afterwardAlways a red flagNo treatment other than to keep hydratedDiarrhea (29:48)Hard to tell in newborns/infants because their poop is so soft/liquidIf you're worried, call your doctorStool that is so watery it soaks into the diaperA marked increase over what your baby normally doesMarked increase or “blowout” poops more than twice in a rowA foul odor that was not there before, sometimes with a change of colorFever/blood - go to ER if 6mosNo treatment other than to keep hydratedSigns of dehydration: decreased urine output, fussy/lethargic, dry lips/tongueConstipation (34:11)Infants: the first year of life; does not apply to children >1yr. We will do that episode in a few months.1 mo: discoordinate stoolingAbout 3% of infants get true constipation: hard stools like pellets, pain with BM, and rectal bleeding.Tx: prune juice 0.5-1oz (15-30ml), once or twice per day; water if they are taking solids/purees; consider eliminating dairyBlood in the diaper (39:01)when it's normal: pseudomensesAbnormal: any other time, call your doctor immediately! Urine = kidney problem, stool = infection or allergy. UA/ HemoccultFoods that mimic blood: watermelon, beets, tomatoesI hope this helps you guys know what's within normal range and when to be concerned. Remember: It is ALWAYS ok to call your doctor's office with questions if you're worried. Babies are really different than adults, so it can be hard for new parents to know whether something is serious or not. I wrote the Baby Manual for that reason, and I know parents refer back to it often through the first year of life to check whether they need to be concerned. Resources discussed in this episode:The Baby Manual - Available on Amazonhealthychildren.org--Dr. Carole Keim MD: linktree | tiktok | instagram