La reforma educativa que impulsa el gobierno avanza, a pesar de la resistencia de una diversidad de gremios de la enseñanza. En el último mes se sumó un nuevo actor que discute los planes de las autoridades. Varias salas nacionales de profesores se fueron autoconvocando espontáneamente en las últimas semanas para rechazar la propuesta de la ANEP para el Consejo de Formación en Educación. Unas 20 salas emitieron declaraciones sobre el porqué de ese rechazo, y luego se conformó una coordinadora para reunirlas en una única fundamentación. El objetivo que se han trazado estos profesores es romper con la versión de que a quienes critican la reforma solo les interesa obstaculizar. Por eso estuvieron en la Comisión de Educación de la Cámara de Diputados, y reclaman reunirse con el Consejo de Formación en Educación. Pero, ¿por qué se oponen? ¿Es una discusión de los contenidos de la reforma o de cómo se dio el proceso? Para responder estas preguntas recibimos a Ema Zaffaroni, profesora de Historia, docente de Didáctica de la Historia en el IPA, magíster en Educación, sociedad y política, quien fue consejera de educación secundaria en el gobierno de José Mujica; y a Laura Flores, profesora de Literatura, docente de Lengua y Literatura inglesas en el IPA, doctora en Lingüística y magíster en Inglés.
Un paso adelante para la transición presidencial en Brasil. Jahir Bolsonaro ha roto su silencio tras su derrota electoral para afirmar que los resultados han sido injustos, pero que los va a respetar
*Rent flertall for Høyre og Frp i ny meningsmåling. Senterpartiet nærmer seg sperregrensa. * Regjeringen vil ha mer norsk matproduksjon. Men soldater på Terningmoen og Rena leir - omgitt av potetåkre - serveres poteter fra utlandet. * Språket i Bibelen skal bli mer kjønnsinkluderende."Bibelen kan ikke jobbes med som et woke-dokument", mener en avisredaktør. * Regjeringens elbilpolitikk gir økte klimagassutslipp, mener Venstre. - Skivebom, svarer klima- og miljødepartementet. Hør episoden i appen NRK Radio
Here is the life story of Ching Ling Foo, the original Chinese magician who created a sensation at the turn of the century! It's an amazing story, filled with occasional tragedy. This is the last episode for Season 4. Season 5 will begin shortly. I mistakenly said it was the end of season 3 on the episode, lol.
The Story of Dr Kildare starring Lew Ayres and Lionel Barrymore, oriignally broadcast October 27, 1950, 72 years ago, Mr Ling Refuses Leg Surgery. An elderly Chinaman named Ling Ko refuses to have a simple operation on his leg. Without the operation...he will die!Visit my web page - http://www.classicradio.streamWe receive no revenue from YouTube. If you enjoy our shows, listen via the links on our web page or if you're so inclined, Buy me a coffee! https://www.buymeacoffee.com/wyattcoxelAHeard on almost 100 radio stations from coast to coast. Classic Radio Theater features great radio programs that warmed the hearts of millions for the better part of the 20th century. Host Wyatt Cox brings the best of radio classics back to life with both the passion of a long-time (as in more than half a century) fan and the heart of a forty-year newsman. But more than just “playing the hits”, Wyatt supplements the first hour of each day's show with historical information on the day and date in history including audio that takes you back to World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. FDR, Eisenhower, JFK, Reagan, Carter, Nixon, LBJ. It's a true slice of life from not just radio's past, but America's past.Wyatt produces 21 hours a week of freshly minted Classic Radio Theater presentations each week, and each day's broadcast is timely and entertaining!
Según la hipótesis de Sapir-Whorf, cada idioma determina la visión del mundo que tiene la correspondiente comunidad que lo habla. Este es el principal postulado del relativismo lingüístico. ¿En qué se diferencia del universalismo de Noam Chomsky? En este capítulo de El Libro Rojo recibo de nuevo a Daniel Pinto, doctor en Estudios Lingüísticos por la Universidad de Vigo.
Dave and Maria Lai-Ling Lam discover how similar their doctoral experiences were (several decades between) thanks to the confidence Peter Vaill placed in each doing very challenging dissertation studies. His example shapes her teaching to this day as she engages students in a unique new practitioner Ph.D. program at Anderson University.
Do you ever wonder why we do the things that we do? Why do we behave in certain ways or think certain things? What is it that drives our impulses and decisions on a daily basis and how does the way that we act affect those around us?Ling Lam, Ph.D., is a lecturer in Counseling and Psychology at Santa Clara University and he joins me on today's episode to discuss what drives human behavior. Ling breaks down the ways in which we can control or change unhealthy behavior, what trauma is and the ways in which it can manifest, and what emotional intelligence looks like.Tune in to Episode 157 of REJUVENAGING® and go from judgment to curiosity with Ling Lam.Some Questions I Ask:How did you happen to get on my side of the continuum? The positive, goal-oriented kind of direction? (5:34)You do have kind of an overriding theory, from which a number of the things we'll talk about stem, and that's that all behavior is purposeful. On the surface, that makes a lot of sense. But what does that mean? (6:53)What kinds of traumas are there? And what makes one different from the other? (13:21)What is emotional intelligence and why is it important? (23:51)In This Episode, You Will Learn:About Ling's background and how he ended up where he is now (3:40)How to take steps in making changes to our behaviors (9:27) How culture plays a role in behavior (11:20)Why complex trauma is harder to treat than other traumas (17:39)The ways in which we can work on becoming more emotionally intelligent (26:39)Connect with Ling LamLing Lam's websiteUseful REJUVENAGING® ResourcesWebsite: https://www.thementalhealthgym.com/Book: Dr. Ron Kaiser -Rejuvenaging: The Art and Science of Growing Older with EnthusiasmEmail: email@example.com TEDx Talk: Aging Enthusiastically to Make the World a Better Place Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Diann Floyd Boehm has lived in various parts of the world. She brings her international life knowledge to the children's books and, so far, one adult book she has written. As you will find in this episode, Diann puts an incredible of amount of research and thought to everything she creates. Diann gives a number of suggestions to anyone who might wish to write and get published. She encourages all of us to write down our stories even if we don't seek a writing career. I hope you enjoy our talk with Diann. Who knows, you might become inspired to write and possibly even seek to get your creations published. About the Guest: Diann Floyd Boehm is an award-winning international author. Diann writes children's books and young adult books. In addition, Diann writes books to inspire kids to be kind, like themselves, and to "Embrace Imagination”. You can find all her books on Amazon. Diann's Story Garden YouTube Channel gives children the opportunity to hear different children's authors read their stories. Diann is the co-host with Dr. Jacalyn on USA Global TV. Diann continues to be involved in various humanitarian projects with multiple organizations. Diann was born to the parents of George and Mabel Floyd in Tulsa, Oklahoma, but grew up in Texas with five brothers. She has traveled extensively to many parts of the world and has lived in the Philippines and Dubai. Keep in touch with Diann by joining her newsletter: www.Diannfloydboehm.com. About the Host: Michael Hingson is a New York Times best-selling author, international lecturer, and Chief Vision Officer for accessiBe. Michael, blind since birth, survived the 9/11 attacks with the help of his guide dog Roselle. This story is the subject of his best-selling book, Thunder Dog. Michael gives over 100 presentations around the world each year speaking to influential groups such as Exxon Mobile, AT&T, Federal Express, Scripps College, Rutgers University, Children's Hospital, and the American Red Cross just to name a few. He is an Ambassador for the National Braille Literacy Campaign for the National Federation of the Blind and also serves as Ambassador for the American Humane Association's 2012 Hero Dog Awards. https://michaelhingson.com https://www.facebook.com/michael.hingson.author.speaker/ https://twitter.com/mhingson https://www.youtube.com/user/mhingson https://www.linkedin.com/in/michaelhingson/ accessiBe Links https://accessibe.com/ https://www.youtube.com/c/accessiBe https://www.linkedin.com/company/accessibe/mycompany/ https://www.facebook.com/accessibe/ Thanks for listening! Thanks so much for listening to our podcast! If you enjoyed this episode and think that others could benefit from listening, please share it using the social media buttons on this page. Do you have some feedback or questions about this episode? Leave a comment in the section below! Subscribe to the podcast If you would like to get automatic updates of new podcast episodes, you can subscribe to the podcast on Apple Podcasts or Stitcher. You can also subscribe in your favorite podcast app. Leave us an Apple Podcasts review Ratings and reviews from our listeners are extremely valuable to us and greatly appreciated. They help our podcast rank higher on Apple Podcasts, which exposes our show to more awesome listeners like you. If you have a minute, please leave an honest review on Apple Podcasts. Transcription Notes Michael Hingson 00:00 Access Cast and accessiBe Initiative presents Unstoppable Mindset. The podcast where inclusion, diversity and the unexpected meet. Hi, I'm Michael Hingson, Chief Vision Officer for accessiBe and the author of the number one New York Times bestselling book, Thunder dog, the story of a blind man, his guide dog and the triumph of trust. Thanks for joining me on my podcast as we explore our own blinding fears of inclusion unacceptance and our resistance to change. We will discover the idea that no matter the situation, or the people we encounter, our own fears, and prejudices often are our strongest barriers to moving forward. The unstoppable mindset podcast is sponsored by accessiBe, that's a c c e s s i capital B e. Visit www.accessibe.com to learn how you can make your website accessible for persons with disabilities. And to help make the internet fully inclusive by the year 2025. Glad you dropped by we're happy to meet you and to have you here with us. Michael Hingson 01:20 Welcome once again to yes that's right, unstoppable mindset where inclusion diversity in the unexpected meet. Today we get to meet and talk with an award winning international author. I don't know whether she writes about internationals, whatever they are, but we'll find out. Anyway, Diann Floyd Boehm, welcome to unstoppable mindset. How are you? Diann Floyd Boehm 01:45 Very well, thank you. International, because I've lived in several countries. And I've traveled a lot and and so the books are sold in different different countries. And I'm really proud of that. Michael Hingson 01:57 Oh, cool. Do you publish them yourself? Or do you have a publisher? Diann Floyd Boehm 02:02 Actually, I'm very blessed. I have two publishers see publish Shane Atacand. Canada and Texas sister press, obviously out of Texas. So How lucky is that? It took a lot to get here. Michael Hingson 02:15 That is as good as it gets. Do the publishers war with each other? Do they care? Diann Floyd Boehm 02:19 They are very kind to one another? So good. Yeah, that's Michael Hingson 02:25 what was that is that is plus? How many books have you written? Diann Floyd Boehm 02:28 I have nine books. And I have two more coming out one in the August late fall. Late summer, I should say sorry. And then in October, the second book? Oh, cool. Michael Hingson 02:41 Well, we'll get to more of that. But why don't we start with the usual things that it's fun to hear about? And that is you growing up and so on. So where did you grow up? And do you have siblings or anything like that, or any of that sort of stuff that you'd like to tell us? Diann Floyd Boehm 02:55 Sure. I love talking about my family. So I was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. But as the saying goes, we got to Texas as fast as we could. Actually Oklahoma was a lovely state. And But Mom and Daddy, job wise daddy ended up in Houston. And so we moved to Texas, and I grew up in Deer Park, Texas. And later on I became Mr. Park 77 and so is a wonderful, wonderful city to grew up in. And I have five siblings, which gives me lots of insight to having five brothers and having a feel for what boys might say, especially when they were dating. And what else mama and daddy, best parents ever one could ask for hard working. I mean, we didn't get everything we wanted because you know they've six mouths to feed. But that's how you learn to appreciate life. You know, you start babysitting, if you want something or, you know you get a job at 16 so that you learn the value of the dollar. And I really appreciated all that. So how does one growing up? Michael Hingson 04:10 So how did you get to be Miss Deer Park? How did that work out? Diann Floyd Boehm 04:15 It was It wasn't like I was trying to do those things, meaning contests. But a neighbor that I used to babysit for Mrs. Bedford. She said she was going to be starting to Miss San Jacinto, which is a college out here are out there because I moved and what I like to be in it and I was like, no, because I'm not pretty. And then when she said, Well, they're gonna have a talent show and you can win scholarships for college, and then my ears perked up. I wanted to go to college. And when I found out that you would develop interview skills and things that can help you for the future. I latched on to that and tried to enter as many college based contests that I could, and I won a few. And I lost them even more. But that's how you learn, you need to lose. So you learn, and then improve. And developing those interview skills has helped me all through my life so far, and hence, look where I'm Michael Hingson 05:26 at. There you go. Where do you live? Now, by the way, you said you moved? Yes. Diann Floyd Boehm 05:31 So I mean, I've lived in a lot of places, but we've raised our children in Austin, Texas. Ah, okay. I'm in the hill country. And I love it. Michael Hingson 05:42 So are you in Austin? Yes. Well, Diann Floyd Boehm 05:45 I'm in the hills section in Travis County, where the hills START to begin. So it's the beginning of the hill country. So it's really, really pretty. Michael Hingson 05:54 I haven't been in touch for a couple of years. But have you ever eaten at a restaurant in Austin called the blind goat? Diann Floyd Boehm 06:00 If you know people are talking about that one, and I have not, but I am going to make a point to do that. Michael Hingson 06:07 Christine ha who started that restaurant was the winner on master chefs. In I think 2011, she is blind. She's the only blind person to my knowledge, who has ever won that she beat out, I think something like 18,000 people to do it. Wow. And, and so I haven't corresponded with her for a while. But if you get a chance, I'd love to hear what you think of it. Since you're closer than we are. Diann Floyd Boehm 06:36 I will make a point to do that. Thank you for telling me and, and kudos for her, as she must be an excellent chef. But to beat out that many people is extraordinary. And it shows you that when you want something, you don't let anything stop you. Michael Hingson 06:55 Exactly right. So one girl and five brothers, that must have been a lot of fun. Diann Floyd Boehm 07:02 It was a blast. And, you know, I feel very grateful to grown up in the time period that I did. I had two older brothers, and then three younger, so I had, you know, siblings that I got to change their diapers and stuff, because they're much younger than me. So they were my dollies. But it's a great learning experience. And it also made sure that I wasn't boy crazy, because I really know what boys were all about. Michael Hingson 07:29 And I'll bet they kind of monitored you to the older ones. Especially. Diann Floyd Boehm 07:34 Oh my gosh, do I have stories for you? About I didn't really date that much, especially in high school. And I always thought it was because I was so ugly, because my brothers would always be telling me I was fat and ugly. And of course, I believed them because they were family. Right? And, and I was one of these girls that you know, just like people said that then it must be true. So then my brother Danny told me about four years ago, he said, you know, Diane, you know how you didn't really date that much in high school? And I said, Yeah, and he goes, Well, I have a confession to make. I told the boys if they even looked at you, that I would punch him. So there you go. Michael Hingson 08:22 elzear Er, and so your your, your husband had a gauntlet to go through? Hmm. Diann Floyd Boehm 08:29 Oh, well, that is a funny story too. Because all my brothers were fantastic at sports. And some of them became coaches in the neighborhood and so forth. And our else they were also a coach for schools. And so along comes my husband. And they say, you know, what sport do you play? And of course, he's like, Oh, I go fishing. And I'm a third degree black belt. And I do you know, a bunch of stuff. And they're thinking, okay, that's not football, and it's not basketball. And it's not baseball. So he's Yeah, he's not going to make it in the family. And so they didn't pay attention to him anymore. And so he just kind of slid right in. But they love them. So what can I say? He's really smart. Michael Hingson 09:24 So that worked out. Okay, well, that's a good thing. Well, so did you mostly just grow up in Texas? Or did you? When did you start to travel abroad? I guess it's probably a better way to put the question. Diann Floyd Boehm 09:37 Sure. Yes, I grew up in Texas. And actually, when my husband became a diplomat, our first year of marriage was in Virginia. And it was my I'd always gone to Oklahoma because that's where my daddy family was. And my mom's side they had already moved to Texas. And so that was my only experience really have a Being out of Texas. So when we moved to Virginia, it was very different for me. And I remember calling my dad and just checking in as you know, kids stay with their parents, especially on Sundays. And Daddy, so my nickname was Suge with him for short for sugar. And he said, so should, how are things going? And I'm like, Daddy, you won't believe this place. It must be like living in a foreign country. Do you know they make you pay for parking, just to see your doctor. So anyway, I think that was funny. My daddy was like, Oh, you poor thing Michael Hingson 10:40 was bad there. You should have been in New York, but go ahead. Diann Floyd Boehm 10:44 But it was my husband, as I said, being a diplomat that took us to be able to see the world and we lived in the Philippines for three years and, you know, traveled a lot of places there, which I dearly loved, and I loved the Filipino people. And then, fast forward. He became a lawyer in Texas, and that's where we raised our kids. And then one day he received a phone call, how would you like to move to Dubai? So we moved to Dubai, and live there 14 years. And that allowed me to travel quite a bit in Europe and Africa, and parts of Asia. So I feel very blessed. Michael Hingson 11:27 What prompted the move to Dubai. What was the reason that they called him and wanted him to do that? Because he wasn't diplomat them? Was he or Diann Floyd Boehm 11:34 No, he wasn't. But his the law firm that he's working for at the time, Fulbright and Jaworski wanted to open up a firm there, so they purchased one, and then they opened up a new firm in Saudi Arabia, and my husband became part of that whole experience. Yeah, it was awesome. Michael Hingson 11:56 So what was it like living in the Philippines and like living in Dubai, and like living in Virginia, as opposed to living in Texas? Diann Floyd Boehm 12:06 It's an eye opener. Michael Hingson 12:08 It really is. Yeah. But it is fun to live in various parts that it is fun to live in various parts of the United States, I've had the pleasure of spending years in Massachusetts and in New Jersey. And then during a project that I worked on in the mid to late 1970s, I spent time in Iowa in New York, and Colorado. So I've had, as a speaker, I've had the opportunity to travel all over the country. And it is wonderful just to see all the different kinds of experiences. Diann Floyd Boehm 12:40 I love our country, I absolutely love the United States. And every state is so beautiful. And there's something so positive to say about each state. And I think as an American, and it's important for us to get to know the different states because each state has things that they they do that are so important that help help each one of us. And so I can't say enough. I've been in all the states, except for Hawaii, I really need to go to Hawaii. And then I need to spend a little bit more time in Wisconsin. I haven't spent enough time there. But also living in the Philippines and answer to your question. Wow, what beautiful people they are they I just love the Philippines. I love the people I was able to teach school there as well as be one of the first Americans in the the National Theatre there and be in several other musicals. And then in Dubai, how lucky to be able to be in the Middle East, get to know the people understand the customs, and meet people from all over the world. I think there's like 172 different nationalities in that country working beautifully together. And so I can't say enough about Dubai as well. And the opportunities that gave me to travel. Michael Hingson 14:09 So when you were overseas, and then of course, when you when you move back. What did you do? So your husband was diplomatic and lawyering and what did you do? Diann Floyd Boehm 14:19 Excellent question. Before we left I was my background is education. I was a teacher. And I was one of the there were several of us teachers who knew how to turn on a computer and a lot of people didn't. And so we helped launch, bringing computers in the classroom, discovering what software would work with different subjects for curriculum, and then I started training teachers and computers. So by the time that happened, I was traveling quite a bit around the country in the schools, which gave me a real feel for different states. And then I had to reinvent myself when we moved to Dubai. And that allowed me to do something that I always wanted to be able to do, which was humanitarian work. And so that led me to Africa where I spent a lot of time in Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya. So how exciting. Is that? Right? Michael Hingson 15:21 Right. When you say humanitarian work, what did you do? I mostly Diann Floyd Boehm 15:24 was in the orphanages helping and learning how the orphanages work to and finding out ways that I could I and people who were with me, could assist in helping the orphans have food and clothing and so forth. In Kenya and Uganda, I was predominantly in the schools, and a couple of the schools I helped do some projects where we help provide shoes, gathered shoes, took them, there was a whole process. And and another school, I ran a project, where we helped girls, if you can imagine, some girls were 14 and 15. And they never and a bra, I still get, I still get embarrassed to say things, you know, I'm modest. And that was an exciting, that was an exciting process. Another time, we ran a project where we provided dresses for the girls to have church dresses. And then for the boys, we provided some slacks. Actually, for them, they would be more long shorts. And they were made out of pillowcases, and my quilting group made all the other dresses or skirts and pants. So that was really exciting. And I had a team helping me and also bringing them to the schools. Michael Hingson 16:59 And all of your travels, what was maybe the most scariest thing you ever had to encounter? Diann Floyd Boehm 17:04 Gee whiz, I'd have to think, you know, I we were with people who really understood the country. And we were always with people that were our guides, and so actually never was afraid of anything. So and we went way out into the bar. Yes. I think the only time I might have was afraid when my husband decided that he wanted to take our Datsun and head for this volcano that had not erupted in many, many years. And then he decided to take a back street and this back street was not a straight and we were driving through the jungle. And I didn't know if we were ever going to get out. And experience with my husband. Michael Hingson 17:51 So but you never really encountered bad people or or kind of difficult things like that. And in any of your travels. Diann Floyd Boehm 17:59 No, no, I was very lucky. Well, Michael Hingson 18:03 so you, you traveled, you came back. And when you came back from Dubai, Did you go back to teaching? Did you do more humanitarian work or what? Diann Floyd Boehm 18:16 Well, before I left, I was already working on tape. I've always been a storyteller. And I had decided I really wanted to take my stories and put them into print. And so I was in that process. So when I was over in Dubai, I really worked hard to figure out how to make things happen. And started also taking art lessons so that maybe I could do simple illustrations for some of the books that i i now have published. And so when I came back, I became published in Dubai actually. But when I came back home, I really concentrated on writing even more books and learning this whole skill of how to be an author and the craftsmanship and so forth. And that's where I'm at. I do go to the schools as an invited author. And I like give. I mean, I just when I'm in school, in schools with kiddos, even all the way up to 12th grade, I'm in my element because I have an opportunity to let each one of them know to love themselves believe in themselves and go after it. And if I can walk away and made a difference in their life, then I'm very, very excited. Michael Hingson 19:38 So nowadays do you write full time? Pretty much if I'm not writing? Diann Floyd Boehm 19:41 I'm in the garden? Are I my dog? I should say my husband's and my dog. He's a cow dog. And he's a rescue. And I can tell it was my son's wife's family who found them, and they actually have a small ranch. And Remi was used to having days where he could ride around and get out to the cows. So he gets really, or she gets very excited if she gets to go on a drive. So besides walking her, she gets her daily dose of riding in the car, and she gets very Michael Hingson 20:26 excited. What's important, you know, Diann Floyd Boehm 20:29 yeah, I like to keep my, I love my dog. She's amazing metrics. She's just sitting right outside, waiting, like, what are you gonna do next? Michael Hingson 20:40 Don't I get to be part of the interview? Diann Floyd Boehm 20:42 Yeah. I've said start liking the screen. Michael Hingson 20:47 So you started writing? And you said you actually got published in Dubai? What kind of a book was it? That you got published in Dubai? Diann Floyd Boehm 20:57 It was Harry the Campbell a children's book. And OC publishing out of Canada. Took it online. And that was very exciting. I wanted to write a book about camel. And I'd been wanting to do it for some time. And so they published that. And then they published right away from when I was in Dubai, the series, it's a series now the little girl in the moon. And that's morphed into the moon Ling adventures. So yeah. Michael Hingson 21:30 So how many books have you had published altogether? Now? Nine. And what kind of what kind of books are they primarily? Diann Floyd Boehm 21:40 The majority are children's books. And then I have my very first young adult Historical fiction Based on my grandma, it's right here, Ruby, rise, girls struggle for more. And that's my grandmother on the cover. And my books are about believing in yourselves, imagination being kind to others, even if they're different. And in the case of Ryza, girls struggle for more, that particular book is to inspire people to go after your dreams. So if a girl born in 1904, where life is so so different for young men and young women, then and, and she can make her dream come true, which was to be a business woman at the time, which was not, you know, very common, especially down south. If I could say that, and at least in her area should qualify that, then you can, then you can do that, too. And that's really important to me, when schools are as big as they are, especially in high school, it's easy in junior high, it's easy to get lost. And I want kids to know that they are special. And whatever your dream is, just stay focused and be persistent. I mean, if I can do it, I feel like you can too. And I always tell the kids, look, I grew up in a small house compared to today's homes. Men, and you can imagine, you know, six kids, a mom and dad and one bathroom. But it's not about how much you have, or it's are how little you have. It's about what if you really want something? Let's map out a goal and figure out how to make it happen. Michael Hingson 23:39 Good advice. And, you know, we, we often just allow ourselves to be diverted or we, we tend to think, oh, we can't do something and how do we how do we change that mindset with people? Obviously, you're contributing to that by writing the books that you're writing. But in general, how do we do we get people to recognize that probably, they can do a lot more than the things they could? Diann Floyd Boehm 24:03 Yeah, that's really true. And, and I really believe that the first thing we can do is to be a good listener. So love yourself, but be a good listener. And if we could all become a better listener, and not really want to jump in and say, okay, okay, you've had your you had your say, Now, listen to me, because I really know the answers, right? That's not being a good listener. Because if you're a good listener, then you're going to be learning and figuring out how to work together. And if you have a goal of something you're wanting to do, and someone's trying to help you map those skills out, be opened to listening so that you can design the best way to make that happen. At least that's my two cents worth. Michael Hingson 24:55 One thing that came to mind is just what's going on In our country today where no one is listening, the politicians in general aren't listening to most everyone else. And the politicians aren't listening to each other. We've lost the art of conversation and discussion and finding solutions together, it seems to me, don't you think? Diann Floyd Boehm 25:20 Yes, I try really hard not to discuss politics very much right? On, on what you're speaking of, I can feel a little comfortable. You know, my daddy, I remember when I was young, we would be at the dinner table. And Daddy would say, this is not a good sign that people are putting out how they're going to vet the signs in the yard. And one of my brothers would be saying, Well, why is that and it goes, because it would start infighting. And I think he was right. And then he said, Oh, zip kids, that's not good. And, you know, I'd go, why daddy, and he goes, because people are gonna think their zip code and where they live is better. It's dividing us. And then all of a sudden, he was like, I don't want to fill out these circles. And you're like, well, let's circles and he's like, we're all Americans. I'm just gonna scratch this out and say, we're all Americans, you know. And I think, you know, learning these little bit of wisdoms of knowing how things changed over time, that is led us to where we are today, that I wish I could get politicians to take some listening courses, to learn how to listen to again, and not be looking for the soundbite. That's going to be the great soundbite to have on the news. It's not about sound bites, it's about running this country. It's about working together. And seeing all of us is one, and how we can make that happen. And so you have to be able to figure out compromises and the art of compromise, I'm afraid sometimes is not happening. But I don't have a magic wand to make everybody happy. But if I did, I would. Michael Hingson 27:06 Yeah, well, that's what you're talking about is the point of my question, which is, it's all about conversation. And it's all about listening. We've lost the art of conversation. And there are a lot of reasons that we can probably point to, as to why that's occurred. But the bottom line is that we become very undisciplined when it comes to talking with each other. And there's, there's no reason that we should be in that kind of position. There's also no reason that we shouldn't be able to ask why a lot more. And of course, the answer to that, in part is why not. So we need to really get back to finding ways to interact with each other. And I don't know whether I totally go along with the zip code idea. Because we, we have, we have a postal system, and we have to deliver mail to people. And so it's all about sorting. And as we grew, we needed to create something different. But I think it's a discipline of how we deal with some of the changes that we've made, so that we don't lose that, that conversational process in companies. So many times, the bosses know all the answers, and don't listen to workers anymore. And we see a lot of that when we have discussions about business that people don't recognize that they're when they hire people. There's a lot of expertise that comes with hiring people. And there's also a divergence of opinions. The most important thing is to get the opinions to get all the data and then synthesize it in an objective way. And we just tend to lose that skill nowadays. Diann Floyd Boehm 29:01 I could not agree with you more, and I even agree with you on the zip codes. But would you like to run for president? That would be really nice. Michael Hingson 29:13 Oh, that would be an interesting job. Diann Floyd Boehm 29:17 Yeah, that's a tough one. It is a tough one. You know, I remember on Sundays Mom and Daddy like to listen to some of the political shows. And of course, my husband and I always did. And I remember, Tip O'Neill was really good about sitting down and speaking with Kennedy and I thought she was why can't we have more of that today? Yeah. Yeah, so it'd be nice. Well, Michael Hingson 29:45 going back to your books. You had mentioned something about you have a specific type font that you use and some of the books Diann Floyd Boehm 29:53 specific font. Oh, yes, fine. Thank you for remembering that so sweet of you. Yes. So, so it's called the dyslexia font. And once I discovered this fight, now I'm putting on my books and that font, it allows everyone to be able to read my books. And what I really love about it is that it's an empowering book, but in so many ways, so kids who had to have dyslexia, which one of my nieces has, when they go into the library, they don't have to go to a special section of books that are just for them. Now they can be like everybody and find the books and go, Oh, my gosh, I can I can actually read this. And that, to me is very empowering. And very exciting. Michael Hingson 30:47 Have you done anything to make your books accessible to people who don't necessarily read print or read print? Well, Diann Floyd Boehm 30:54 I need to do that? No, I haven't. You know, it's, it's very expensive to be a hybrid publisher. That's our hybrid author. And so what that means is I have a publisher, but I also help invest in the publishing. And so the cost can add up quite a bit. So I still need to go for that audio books. And I wouldn't mind having my books done in Braille as well, because that would be really good. Michael Hingson 31:25 One place to get books converted to a usable form a readable form by people who are, if you will, individuals with print disabilities, this is an organization called bookshare.org. Bookshare is an organization that will take files and convert them to electronic media, they can be converted to Braille, but people can just plain download them as well. Now, obviously, if there are a lot of illustrations, the trick is to put in descriptions of the illustrations, but for the print parts, and so on, it is an easy way to get access to the to those books for people who don't reprint. And the the point is that the copyright laws allow organization, they'll allow books to be converted for people who are not going to reprint. And the the only people who can check books out or download books from Bookshare are people who are registered and who have print disabilities. So it's, it's a protected way. So the author doesn't lose their ability to to create an income stream and so on, other than Bookshare makes the books available for people. So it's something to look at. But the publishers should really be looking at that as well, because they should want your books to be inclusive, I would think. Diann Floyd Boehm 32:54 Absolutely. And even if they didn't, the mere fact that you told me about it makes me want to do that. Because I think that, especially my messages that I have are for everyone. And I and I also think that being able to do something like that is giving back to the world. And I'm a total believer in that. And I am so grateful for you for telling me about Bookshare. Michael Hingson 33:21 And so definitely, definitely something to look at. Well tell me about the little girl in the moon and the moon Ling series. Diann Floyd Boehm 33:28 Sure, I'll be happy to. So my tagline is embrace your imagination. And the moon Ling series definitely does that. So the little girl in the moon lives on the moon. And she is a mainly just like you and I are Earthlings. And you have an opportunity to discover what Moon links look like in the little girl on the moon, the first book. The next one is the little girl on the moon and the big idea. And that book is really for everybody because it's all about making kind wishes come true. And the book might how a little kid will read it. It'll be totally different how an adult reads it. So I like to say it has a lot of layering and I I truly love that book. And then it more often to the moon Ling adventures and my youngest daughter is the illustrator for that. And in the main length of Ventures we bring in the little boy in the moon and both the little girl and the little boy Moon each one of their dog days. And they take us on adventures through going to the observatory and in and on the moon. And they experience in a simulator just like we would do back home on earth and they visit different parts. So the first one was Kenya, I'll let you in for secret because no one else knows it. But you get to know about it. And your audience, and that is my daughter is working online, the main link adventures, birds around the world. And so I'm very excited about that one. And sequel. Yes, so we'll have several. And the purpose of these books is the main length of ventures, again, is how much we are alike than different. So they live in Tycho town. And taiko is the largest crater on the moon that we can see from here on Earth. And so I build in ways that science and teachers can use this for curriculum, but also again, trying to show how much America where we are in the world, how we love different animals, how we enjoy different birds. And so find the similarities that connect us so that we can have moments to just have peace and tranquility, because we're all humans, and we share this globe together. And so that's really the purpose as the home angling adventures. Michael Hingson 36:18 So this whole thing with the modeling Adventures is fascinating. Except how do they survive up there without an atmosphere on the Moon? Hmm. Excellent. Good technical here. Diann Floyd Boehm 36:30 Excellent question. So I actually have one where you meet Moxie, the little girl on the moon stogie, and you go on a tour of Tyco town, and you discover that as you go inside the crater, that you there's this huge bubble, and this fig bubble allows them to be able to breathe inside their town, and, and then also, the bear, they have a fake gravity going on. Because their scientists are so smart, they can figure all that out. But when they're on the actual surface of the moon, then just like our astronauts, they even the doggies have special shoes that keep them grounded. And so I that's how I worked it all out. And I even have a whole back story about that, that one day, I'll come out. And Michael Hingson 37:31 well, the only problem was living on the moon, that's my discomfort with living on the Moon is without an atmosphere, they must get bombarded by a whole lot more meteors than then we get hit with. Yes, those rocks come from anywhere. Diann Floyd Boehm 37:47 That's true. But to enter a Tai Chi town, you actually have to press this one little rock that's on the surface. And you enter this inside the cavity of the moon. And so it's a whole new world, because your imagination? Michael Hingson 38:05 Well, sure, well, there's there's nothing wrong with that. It's just that you do have to deal with the meteors and all that and, you know, Diann Floyd Boehm 38:15 not having your inside, not appear inside Michael Hingson 38:17 know that I understand. But it's been on the. And of course, if the meteors hit the bubble, does that get noisy? So there's another question for you to explore, Diann Floyd Boehm 38:26 I will have to explore that. So much I will. I love it because you're getting my imagination going. But I also have this book card, a song of peace. And it's about a little boy named Tommy. And he just wants peace on earth. And there's a twist to it at the end. Because a lot of books are written about peace. So I have a fun, unique little twist to it. And it just won a couple awards. And so I'm very proud of it. And right now, with everything going on. One thing we could do is everybody take a deep breath and just say the word piece over and over and over and put it out there. Michael Hingson 39:12 Which goes back to what we talked about earlier with conversations and listening. Yes, it sure does. What kind of research or how do you do research for your books, I'm assuming just by listening to you that a lot of thought and research goes into what you do. Diann Floyd Boehm 39:27 Thank you. So the children's books they come to me and I'm inspired when it comes to the moon Ling adventures. Yes, I do a lot of research I needed to really study birds and where they fly and when they're migrating and if what where they migrate so I can show and teach the unity. So for example, the Dover bird it is in in Dubai I, but it also flies to several other countries migrates into the United States and to South America, and parts of Europe. And that makes it fun because again, it shows commonalities between the countries. And I always like to say rude because it was about my grandma but and rise of girls struggle for more, oh, my stars, I can't even begin to tell you how much more admiration I have for historical fiction writers. Because years of studying goes into making, making sure you have the voice, right for that time period that you actually have the facts correct about the settings and so forth. And I actually wish I can wake my grandma up from heaven and say, Grandma, you didn't yet a lot of other things you should have told me. It was because the 1920s is fascinating. Michael Hingson 41:04 Oh, it is. And we, we talk about how in our world, we've advanced so much, and so on. But we forget a lot of the lessons that we could learn from before we and I put the term in quotes advanced so far. Diann Floyd Boehm 41:20 Yes. You're absolutely right. And we repeat so many things. And so if we could just take a deep breath, especially you politicians, and listen to people have lived a little longer and and learn from that and learn from mistakes and history so that we don't repeat, it would be quite lovely. Right? Michael Hingson 41:43 So do you hear a lot from other authors and readers and so on? How do you interact with them? And they must give you ideas and things to think about as well? Diann Floyd Boehm 41:54 Thank you for the question. So I've joined several author groups, and I am always learning from them. And I appreciate so much from seasoned authors. Because, again, I was an excellent classroom teacher. And I want to be an excellent author. And the only way to do that is to learn from the seasoned authors. So I really appreciate it. And I have a publicist. Now, like I didn't even know that authors could have publicist. And so actually, that's how I met you. So kudos to my publisher, making that decision. And he is teaching me a lot as well. I am a young author in the sense of having things published. And so I have a huge learning curve. But that's okay. Cuz that means when I'm out there, especially with students, they get a kick out of me saying, I'm on a learning curve, too. So let's learn together. Michael Hingson 42:59 Tell us about some of your speaking, trips to classes and so on. What does that been like? Diann Floyd Boehm 43:05 Um, it depends on what country I'm in. Because that really makes a difference in the culture and how you dress and so forth. So if I was in Saudi Arabia, then, you know, I wear a baya. And I always believe that no matter what country you're in, you respect and follow their laws and their rules. And I had the opportunity. And I feel very blessed to be at a British school several times in Saudi Arabia. I spent her week there, and was with kiddos from elementary up through middle school, and then only was I in their classrooms had opportunities to teach some of them privately creative writing, read their writings have one on one conversations. But also, the principals at each school were incredible. They gave time off, I don't know how they figured it out. But where I would have all the teachers in the auditorium and they could pick my brains. And that was really exciting. And as a matter of fact, a couple of them have are now published authors because of their experience there. So I feel very lucky. In America, I've been in many classrooms. And of course, since I understand the American system, I can you know, I'm like, you know, it's like, yeah, I understand everything going on. What what is it that you want me to do? What is the outcome because I don't do a canned presentation. I want to hear what is it you want to take away to be? And when I hear what that takeaway is, then I design a program for them. I have them go over it to make sure it is exactly what they want. And then we go from there. So it can be from working with young children all the way up to. So far it's been ninth grade. And where we've done creative writing projects together. It's for Michael Hingson 45:15 you. It's really, I think, important to not do canned speeches, I was talking with someone else about this recently. And I think that the best speakers are speakers who learn about their audiences, and who are even capable during the speech, of when necessary, making a course correction or whatever, to make sure that we're connecting with the audience, and engaging the audience. And so as I put it, I love to talk with audiences. I never like to talk to an audience, no matter their age. Diann Floyd Boehm 45:52 I love that phrase speaking with not to, absolutely. And besides, you get energy from that, because, you know, they're listening and engaging in what you're saying. And so when they ask you a question, you're like, Oh, I didn't even really think of that. But your brain gives you an answer. It's very exciting. I actually sock away full of energy. Michael Hingson 46:16 That's really a good point that when you open opportunities for questions, you never know what kind of questions you're gonna get, especially with little kids. And I learn more from answering questions, especially from kids, because they're not shy, generally speaking. And they're very curious. And it's fun to have real conversations, and they tend to respect you more, when you're conversing with them, not just lecturing. Even when you're answering a question, if your lecturer as opposed to talking with, they know the difference? Diann Floyd Boehm 46:57 Absolutely. I just recently, because of COVID, there was no in person. But now some of the schools are opening up and I was at this beautiful girl school. And the young girls had very direct questions. And sometimes instead of just answering the question directly, I would give examples of my own childhood because I wanted them to understand that I actually knew and understood what it was like to be a little girl, or to be a preteen. And then from there answer the question in the smiles that went on their faces with the question because they knew I was really trying hard for them. To know. I understand. Did that make sense? Michael Hingson 47:44 Yeah, you they knew you got it? Because you remember living it yourself. Diann Floyd Boehm 47:50 And when people see you as an adult, sometimes they can't even your own children. Imagine you live like what you were little Are you kidding me? I bet you couldn't relate to the world. Michael Hingson 48:02 You know, and from my perspective, as a speaker, I'm not happy unless I go away from an event learning more than I'm able to impart. And I can tell when that happens. When I get great, engaging questions, when I get an opportunity to interact before and after the event, and all the things that are occur, it is so much fun, to be able to have lots of takeaways as a speaker, so it's it's sharing knowledge and information, not just imparting knowledge and information. Diann Floyd Boehm 48:41 Oh, you are so right sharing. And then you just you're you're so excited and jittery that you know you just like I need a Diet Coke. And Coca Cola didn't pay me to say that. Michael Hingson 48:55 Yeah, well, so I understand. Time for something new. Yes, yeah. Well, what's on the horizon? Book wise? I know you're talking about one sequel coming up. But what's, what's next in terms of projects and so on for you? Diann Floyd Boehm 49:09 Sure. So I am working on the sequel to rise the girls struggle for more. It'll be a good while before this out, because I just now finished the research. And so I've mapped out how it's going to go Michael Hingson 49:23 at least you're going to be on the moon will be on the moon again. No, this Diann Floyd Boehm 49:27 is a young adult historical fiction, the moon when I just shared the main link of venture birds around the world. And August I have coming out a time to fly and I'm supercharged about that one. It's all about a little birdie who doesn't want to leave this nest and his mama helps him get the courage to fly. And I think that is something that will every person can relate to it In US adults remembering there was a time that we were afraid to open that door. And, and so yeah, I'm really excited about that. And then in October, it's Charlie and the tire swing. And that's been on the back burner for some time. So, so excited it made it through up to the top list for the publisher to say it's time to do that one. And that'll morph and to Charlie and the tire swing adventures, so but this first one is all about how Charlie got the tire swing. And I'm really, really, both of them I'm just thrilled about and each have a different space in my heart for what they share and do. Michael Hingson 50:45 What's your favorite character that you've created? Or that that has invaded your psyche that has come out in books? Diann Floyd Boehm 50:51 Oh, gosh, that's really tough, because I love how my characters are also special. But I would say, goodness, I actually, I love Harry the camel, because he's all about he didn't like himself. And, and you learn all the reasons why. And but in the end, he discovers there's nothing better than being who you are. And so Harry has a real special place in my heart, because I want young people of all ages to know that they're important. And they should love themselves. And I say should but I mean actually mean, I, I want them to fill in their heart to love themselves. Because once you love yourself, you can you can accomplish things. And so I guess if I had to say someone, it would be hairy. Michael Hingson 51:42 When you said that you just finished research for which book Diann Floyd Boehm 51:45 rise a girl struggle for more, it'll be version two, it doesn't have a title yet. So I'm excited about that. Because it's based on my grandma's life. As I said earlier, it's continuing on to show once you're in the workforce, what it was like for the women in the 1920s. But it's set in such a way it takes place in Chicago. And it's a real eye opener for what life was like, everyone always just thinks I shouldn't say everyone, but most people think the 1920s was all about the Charleston and so forth. But there was more to that. And you actually start discovering. And there's a real parallel to us right now to in our time world, because you're starting to see the little tiny cracks that lead to hunger, and people losing their jobs, because they don't have the money to go and purchase different things. So I think it'll be a good learning experience and lots of levels. And a fun read. Michael Hingson 52:55 And of course, of course, in the scheme of life, in Chicago, in the rest of the country in 1929, we had the stock market crash, which led to the depression, which is of course, a continuation of what can probably be a very fascinating story, how to get through all of that. Diann Floyd Boehm 53:14 That's true. Luckily, for me, it will end before that happens. But yeah, it'll lead it'll lead right up to that. And, you know, I wish I would have been a better student in high school because I truly find history so fascinating. And I appreciate it so much more Michael Hingson 53:33 much research left for you to do. Yeah. Diann Floyd Boehm 53:37 So much research. Michael Hingson 53:39 Well, what so when your downtime you you garden, you say and you have a cattle dog, and that keeps you busy. What other kinds of things do you do? Diann Floyd Boehm 53:51 I enjoy singing. And when I was in Dubai, I was in popular productions, which is a part of the West End. So I was in musicals, and I have to get back to that again, because I do love singing. And I started taking piano lessons. And I don't know I just love doing everything since it's summertime. Now I go outside and guess swimming in our pool. And mostly I just like to look at the clouds and sing. Michael Hingson 54:22 Well what kind of advice would you give to somebody who's interested in possibly being an author or wants to take up this kind of work? Diann Floyd Boehm 54:31 Sure. Right. You don't have to be published. Just know right now, the moment you write something down, you are published because you've written in finder's space or your favorite couch. favorite chair, even if it's just you just have one room, find one space that you want to say that's my holy ground. That's where imaginations gonna come. And just write just Write whatever comes to you. And maybe it's like, Oh, I love zebras today, just write different things down, and then just start creating stories. Your first stories are not going to be your best. It but the stories that just keep coming and coming will end up being, you'll just become better and better. And when time is right, you'll know when it's time to go for it. And you're so lucky today, because there's so many ways that you can be an independent author, blurb, for example, allows you to get your to design your whole book, get it going. There's a lot of different places like that, but just believe you can do it, and it will happen. Michael Hingson 55:48 And that's as good as it gets. And it's great advice. And we have to start somewhere, right. And the fact is, I think all of us have stories, and we should tell the stories. Diann Floyd Boehm 55:59 Absolutely. We're all storytellers. The moment someone says How is your day and you go, Oh, my gosh, it was horrible. I should have seen what happened today are two stories. It was such a lovely day. I met so and so it's a story. And it's to be told. And even if the first thing you write about are the stories from your childhood, those stories can be morphed into other stories. And so we are storytellers, you are absolutely right. Michael Hingson 56:31 If people want to reach out to you and get a hold of you, how would they do that? 56:36 Sure. So the easiest way is just to go to my website, DiannFloydBoehm.com. Now I'm gonna spell it because it s D for dog. I A N a Nancy N F, L O Y D. B as in boy. O E H M.com. Diann Floyd Boehm.com. It looks like Diann Floyd bohem. But we pronounce it by Boehm Michael Hingson 57:09 that's all right, my screen reader pronounces it bone. So there you go. Diann Floyd Boehm 57:14 Yeah, it's my husband's name. I adopted it when I got married. Well, Michael Hingson 57:19 I figured it was something like that. And then I spelled it, but I'm glad that you pronounced it. So Diane, Floyd boehm.com. And people can reach out and read things there. And they can contact you and so on as well. Diann Floyd Boehm 57:32 Yes, they may. And they can sign up for my newsletter. And all my books are on Amazon, Barnes and Noble. And you can order them through your local bookstores. Michael Hingson 57:42 Well, on some time, we'll have to talk about how accessible your website is and how to fix that, which is, of course, one of the things that I get to do being part of this company excessively. But that's another story. Diann Floyd Boehm 57:53 I definitely want to talk to you about that. That would be awesome, Michael Hingson 57:57 easy to do. So we will do that. Well, I want to I want to thank everyone for joining us today. I hope that you enjoyed our time with Diane, and that you will reach out to her. As I always say you are welcome to reach out to me, I'd love to know what you think you can reach me at Michaelhi at accessibe.com. And that's M I C H A E L H I at A C C E S S I B E.com. Or you can go to our podcast page, which is www dot Michael hingson.com/podcast and Michael Hingson is M I C H A E L H I N G S O N just like it sounds even. So if I don't like beam yet correct, but I hope that you will reach out. We'd love to hear from you love your thoughts. If you'd like to be a guest, please reach out and let us know. If you know people who you think ought to be guests on our podcast. We'd love to hear from you about them or hear from them. Feel free to let us know about them as well. And of course, when you listen to this, please give us a five star rating. We appreciate your comments and ratings and suggestions and take them all to heart. So Diann once again. Thanks very much for joining us on unstoppable mindset. Diann Floyd Boehm 59:13 It was my pleasure and honor thank you Michael Hingson 59:20 You have been listening to the Unstoppable Mindset podcast. Thanks for dropping by. I hope that you'll join us again next week, and in future weeks for upcoming episodes. To subscribe to our podcast and to learn about upcoming episodes, please visit www dot Michael hingson.com slash podcast. Michael Hingson is spelled m i c h a e l h i n g s o n. While you're on the site., please use the form there to recommend people who we ought to interview in upcoming editions of the show. And also, we ask you and urge you to invite your friends to join us in the future. If you know of any one or any organization needing a speaker for an event, please email me at speaker at Michael hingson.com. I appreciate it very much. To learn more about the concept of blinded by fear, please visit www dot Michael hingson.com forward slash blinded by fear and while you're there, feel free to pick up a copy of my free eBook entitled blinded by fear. The unstoppable mindset podcast is provided by access cast an initiative of accessiBe and is sponsored by accessiBe. Please visit www.accessibe.com. accessiBe is spelled a c c e s s i b e. There you can learn all about how you can make your website inclusive for all persons with disabilities and how you can help make the internet fully inclusive by 2025. Thanks again for listening. Please come back and visit us again next week.
This week we go all the way and listen to the music from the Billboard Top 40 from the week ending October 14, 1972. With some songs we walk the tight rope with our opinions, and with others we fear bringing thunder and lightning. We can see clearly now that musical taste is not always black and white. Link to a listing of the songs in this week's episode: https://top40weekly.com/1972-all-charts/#US_Top_40_Singles_Week_Ending_14th_October_1972 Data Sources: Billboard Magazine, where the charts came from and on what the countdown was based. Websites: allmusic.com, songfacts.com Wikipedia.com (because Marks lazy) Books: “Ranking the 70's” by Dann Isbell, and Bill Carroll “American Top 40 With Casey Kasem (The 1970's) by Pete Battistini. Also, a few interesting links to things we talked about in the episode: Old New-Gate Prison & Copper Mine: https://portal.ct.gov/DECD/Content/Historic-Preservation/04_State_Museums/Old-Newgate-Prison-and-Copper-Mine 10/8/1972 ALCS Game 2 (Campy Bat-Throwing Incident): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEBMZBEgxQI Alive (1993) - Film Trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=si12yPyTnSs SNL Run, Throw, and Catch Like A Girl (Helen Reddy Bomber, skit starts at 19:17):https://archive.org/details/saturday-night-live-s-10-e-17-howard-cosell-greg-kihn Sprechgesang: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sprechgesang Super Fly (1972) Official Trailer - Ron O'Neal, Sheila Frazier Movie: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYZUWzv_FaY Leon Russell Wikipedia Page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leon_Russell The O'Jays Live From Daryl's House - "Backstabbers": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lvt7ufNfq1g&list=RDLvt7ufNfq1g&start_radio=1&rv=Lvt7ufNfq1g&t=10 Mac Davis Muppet Show Baby Don't Get Hooked on Me:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1QJzXt2llU South Carolina woman stabs roommate for playing Eagles songs: https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/uneasy-listening-woman-stabs-roommate-playing-eagles-songs-article-1.1458898 SNL “Ricky Rat Club” (Skit starts at 40:05): https://archive.org/details/saturday-night-live-s-03-e-06-buck-henry-anyone-can-host-finalists-11-19-1977
Pattern Brands has just announced that they're acquiring Onsen Towels.What was it like to see the market go from 20,000 using Shopify as a platform to now 2 million? Well, Nick Ling can tell you. What is it like to help founders become millionaires? He can tell you that, too.Phillip takes some time with Nick Ling to talk about Pattern's Acquisition of Onsen, how they build trust with founders, and why they hold strong views loosely as they build differently.Time and Trust“Good brands aren't built overnight. It takes time to build a loyal audience and a really great product.” - NickBuilding trust is a very important aspect of how Pattern approaches brand acquisitions.“It's never been more exciting to be an entrepreneur and consumer in general. There's a much bigger community and there are a lot more interesting ideas bubbling to the top.” - NickThe past couple of years have been the toughest yet for eCommerce businesses because there have been so many challenges to navigate and also big growth to be had“As a company what we're trying to do is keep an open mind towards how you really can grow brands in the evolved environment that we have today.” - Nick“Brands are more valuable as brands than just products because you're buying into a way of life and you build trust.” - Nick“You're an incubator on a few levels. You're building brands, and you're building brand operators, and you're building people with aspirations who seem to want to go build things for themselves.” - PhillipAt Pattern Brands there are new problems to solve all the time because they are building in a very different wayAssociated Links:Check out Onsen at OnsenTowel.comSubscribe to Insiders and Senses to read more of our hot takes! Download VISIONS 2022 NOW! Listen to our other episodes of Future CommerceCheck out Decoded, our newest limited seriesLearn more about Nick Ling and Pattern at PatternBrands.com or on Twitter.Have any questions or comments about the show? Let us know on Futurecommerce.fm, or reach out to us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, or LinkedIn. We love hearing from our listeners!
Kodjo ger oss den stora BB-berättelsen! Nanna Olasdotter Hallberg har stökat runt på Bokmässan! Linnea Wikblad har blivit stum och försökt flytta med en blind! Ewa Fröling golvar oss med sin energi och ger sina hot takes på samtiden. Vår inrikespolitiska reporter Annizeth Åberg berättar om kandidaterna till talmansomröstningen. Babs Drougge rapporterar om Italiens nya premiärminister och glädjebetyg på friskolor. Programledare: David Druid, Kodjo Akolor och Linnea Wikblad
Ewa Fröling har över 50 år av scenkonst i ryggraden, jobbat med Ingmar Bergman, Bo Widerberg, Hans Alfredson, Suzanne Osten, Susanne Bier, Vilgot Sjöman, you name it. Vi pratar med den underbart friska fläkten Ewa Fröling om allt mellan himmel och jord och låter henne ge sina hot takes på aktuella ämnen. Ewa är aktuell med boken "Att störa ett väsen" om att kollapsa, hamna på psyket och hata vården. Programledare: David Druid, Kodjo Akolor och Linnea Wikblad
#393. Lingüistas y clasicista llevan décadas siguiendo la pista de los textos originales del cristianismo, que podrían tener un origen psicodélico cada vez más demostrable. • Notas de este episodio: https://podcast.pau.ninja/393 • Comunidad + episodios exclusivos: https://sociedad.ninja/
PODCAST: Sports Business Radio Host Brian Berger starts his tour of Europe by examining sports business in England. Berger, who is embedded with EFL League Two football club Leyton Orient (@LeytonOrientFC), has a conversation with Leyton Orient's Director of Football, Martin Ling. Ling educates us on the different levels of football in Europe, promotion and relegation, how much footballers earn and what a team's payroll for its roster looks like. Leyton Orient Football Club is a professional football club based in Leyton, East London, England, who compete in EFL League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system. Founded in 1881, they are the second oldest football club in London to play at a professional level, and are known to their fans by their nickname "the O's". Find their website at LeytonOrient.com. Berger also shares his experiences in London thus far, including arriving on the day of Queen Elizabeth II's death (and how that has impacted the sports world in England) and a visit to the pub featured on the Emmy-Award winning TV series TED LASSO. Listen to the award-winning Sports Business Radio podcast on iTunes, Spotify, Amazon Music or at www.sportsbusinessradio.com. Follow Sports Business Radio on Twitter @SBRadio and on Instagram @SportsBusinessRadio. This week's edition of Sports Business Radio is presented by @UnderdogFantasy. Underdog Fantasy is the Official Gaming Partner of Sports Business Radio and the fastest growing fantasy app ever released with investors that include Mark Cuban, Kevin Durant, Adam Schefter and Jared Goff. The Underdog Fantasy app is available at Underdogfantasy.com, on iOS, and on Android. We've got a SPECIAL OFFER FOR SPORTS BUSINESS RADIO LISTENERS: New users get up to $100 matched on their first deposit when they use the code SBR. So download the app at underdogfantasy.com and then enter the promo code SBR to get up to $100 to play with. Compete against Berger and Griggs in Best Ball Mania III. Sports Business Radio is also brought you by @Rhone. Rhone makes the absolute highest quality, best fitting and most comfortable performance driven clothing for men. Rhone is offering a 15% discount to Sports Business Radio listeners when you enter the promo code SBR15 at checkout. #Football #Soccer #Europe #England #SportsBusiness #SBRinEurope Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Happy Monday! Nan tho tha hna maw? CEBC Podcast, Zumhtlak Saltha in Morning Devotion tuah ti dingin kan in sawm hna. A kan hruaitu: Saya Van Hmung Ling Tlangtar: Anung Mi Poah Cu Bawipa Ta An Si Nan zate Bawipa nih thluachuah in pe hna seh, Amen! CAPT, Zumhtlak Saltha. -- Music by Peder B. Helland
In the summer of 1972, the US was withdrawing forces from Vietnam, there were talks of a mysterious burglary at the Watergate Hotel, the first episode of The Price is Right aired, and for two weeks Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-Ling" was the number 1 song in America. It was rock and roll progenitor Berry's only number 1 and it's awful! Or is it? Why did it go to number 1? A huge swath of folks in their 30s and 40's were deeply nostalgic for the 1950s, radio DJs had a massive influence, and don't forget the stunning work the crowd did singing in rhythm and on key!! Watch as Q and Tim dive in to figure it all out. Welcome to the Quintana Show. Q has spent years in the political world so he knows how to ask questions. Watch as we bring you entertaining and insightful interviews from guests across the sports, music, entertainment, and news world. And we didn't forget you either true crime fans! Watch and subscribe!
Hablamos con Amelia Sanz Cabrerizo y Ana Fernández Pampillón. Son las coordinadoras del Máster en Letras Digitales y el Máster en Lingüística y Tecnologías, respectivamente, que se imparten en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Dos cursos fundamentales para el presente y el futuro de la Filología que deben conocer tanto los propios apasionados de la lengua como las empresas que trabajan con las nuevas tecnologías y la inteligencia artificial. Escuchar audio
* Høyrevinden tiltar i styrke, tre borgerlige partier har flertall på Stortinget, mens Senterpartiet er mer enn halvert siden valget. Rykende fersk meningsmåling er klar nå. * Etter tre knivepisoder på én dag i hovedstaden, stilles igjen spørsmålet om Oslo er en trygg by. Politiet svarer, og det gjør også et tidligere medlem av en av byens mest beryktede gjenger. * Bonusforeldrenes rolle blir viktigere og viktigere, og det er på høy tid å lovfeste barns rett til omsorg fra bonusforeldre. Det sier advokat og bonusmor. * Nå kan de siste 517 km2 med tiggerforbud i Norge stå for fall. Kanskje. --- Dette er tirsdagens Dagsnytt 18 - med Espen Aas - der vi også skal snakke om Ukraina, Russland og Nato. Hør episoden i appen NRK Radio
Sí, ya sabemos, suena místico el título, ¿no? Y un poco lo es, porque charlamos con una colega uruguaya, Macarena González Zunini, que se especializa hace más de 15 años en la interpretación de temas como la espiritualidad y el misticismo. Temas tan apasionantes como desconocidos, que ciertamente llegan a esta intérprete de una manera especial porque no solo los aborda a nivel profesional, sino que también la conmueven a nivel personal. Charlamos sobre los desafíos de llevar adelante esta labor, lo difícil que es explicar su especialización por los prejuicios que existen sobre las temáticas, el tipo de clientes para los que trabaja y cómo todo esto la hizo crecer y aprender muchísimo. La primera vez que entró a una cabina fue como intérprete voluntaria de Babels, en el Foro Social de las Américas de Quito en 2004, y quedó flechada. Desde entonces, se ha dedicado en forma no exclusiva a la interpretación español < > inglés, portugués > español en diferentes temáticas. Desde esa fecha también se ha especializado en espiritualidad y misticismo, en interpretaciones consecutivas y de enlace en diversos seminarios y talleres afines. Macarena es magíster en Gramática del español y docente en el Instituto de Lingüística en la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. Además es traductora pública y magíster en interpretación de conferencias por la London Metropolitan University de Londres. Una vez más confirmamos que las posibilidades de especialización son muchísimas. Como broche, va una frase de Hamlet que Macarena nos compartió por mail, porque tomó un nuevo significado para ella cuando se adentró en este mundo: “There are more things in heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”
Phil's Pizza started in August 2020 with its first outlet in Bangsar selling pizzas. This pizza place is founded by Sara Rashid and Phillip Dominic. They share their journey of starting a business during the pandemic, and how they use creative ways to differentiate themselves in the F&B crowd.Image Credit: Phils Pizza Facebook Page
Find yourself struggling doing things like buttoning clothes or opening a jar? Have numbness and tingling in your fingers and wrist? Singing River Orthopedic NP, Jay Smith explains what causes pesky carpal tunnel and the effects of ergonomics in this episode of the Healthcare is Selfcare Podcast.
On this episode, we'll be covering Season 4 Episode 5 of Life after Lockup! On this episode, Lindsay finds out some of Daonte's red flags, Chazz sees the writing on the wall for his relationship with Branwyn, Marcelino's silence speaks volumes for Brittany, Kevin winds up back in bed with Kayla, Puppy gets some very serious news, and Ray has a question for Britney. As always, we'll end with our students of the week, class dunces and life lessons. We will be back next week to cover episode 6. If you like what you hear, please give us a five star rating and leave a review. If you also watch 90 Day Fiance, you should check out our other podcast feed. You can reach us on Instagram (@90DayMmkay) or shoot us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org
In this episode you join us for our second LIVE recording within #impact Club – our monthly virtual coffee break get together where we celebrate our community's big and small wins. In this LIVE recording we discuss what it means to build a brand from scratch and the particular challenges and opportunities within the social... The post How to build a brand that makes an impact (and what mistakes to avoid) | Rosann Ling | Prism Creative appeared first on .
KUNG FU & KARATE EXPO 16 INTERVIEW SERIES: CHIU CHI LING Martial artist, instructor, and actor CHIU CHI LING returns to the show to talk about his teaching and acting through the trials of Covid and beyond. Known for his work in films like KUNG FU HUSTLE and MADE IN CHINATOWN, Chiu Chi Ling brings the art of Hung Gar to the big screen here and abroad! SIFU CHIU CHI LING: https://www.facebook.com/ChiuChiLing We discuss, debate and dissect kung fu movies and martial arts cinema past, present, and future! SPONSORS: www.tinboxsolutions.com www.wearenotgoodpeople.com YOUTUBE LINKS: http://youtu.be/5zeRoGFft2s by Justin H @KingofKungFuAMP
Julia Ling's parents escaped Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia and came to the United States. Julia grew up in a very strict household. From a young age Julia knew she wanted to serve in the military but knew there was no way her parents would support it. After graduating high school, she enrolled in college to be an engineer. With no interest, at that time, in acting she accompanied a friend to an acting audition. Fate stepped in and Julia ended up getting an offer for an acting job. This led to multiple acting roles during the early 2000s, including a multiple season run on the TV show Chuck as the character Anna Wu (2007 – 2010). Today she has the upcoming reoccurring role of Danni Prescott on the TV show Emergency: LA (2023). Her early acting roles forced Julia to put college on pause, which did not make her parents happy. Moreover, the desire to serve never went away. In 2014, after going back and completing her college degree, Julia joined the Marine Corps and entered OCS. Unfortunately, a medical situation, which I'll let her explain, forced her out. The crazy thing is she never told her parents that she joined the military. Today, in addition to her acting, Julia is also a partner in Veteran Powered Films, a film production company empowering veterans, servicemembers, and first responders to create and tell their stories through film. Their first movie Tango Down, which Julia also acted in, was released in 2019. PODCAST - LISTEN, WATCH, AND SUBSCRIBE https://linktr.ee/TransitionDrillPodcast CONNECT WITH JULIA https://www.instagram.com/lingtime/ https://www.linkedin.com/in/lingtime/ https://veteranpoweredfilms.com/
Back in July, there was a meeting called the Ladies of the Mill (https://www.ladiesofthemill.com/)Summit. This yearly meeting is all about celebrating and supporting females in the dental laboratory industry. Full of motivating and inspiring speakers, Elvis got to record with a bunch of attendees at the Preat (https://www.preat.com/) booth. First up is half of the owners of Likelike Dental Studios (https://lifelikedental.com/), Carrie Ling. Carrie talks about getting their lab started in a shed, growing it with her husband, and where they are at now. Then we talk to two technicians from Renstrom Dental Studio (http://www.renstrom.com/), Sandra Nohava and Courtney Bennett. These two talk about the different labs they worked at, the unique way they connected and then connected again at their current lab, and why they came to the Ladies of the Mill Summit. Then Elvis walks away from the recording gear to let 5 technicians have their own conversation. Dani Farago, MacKenzie Mayer, Katie Boteler, Nina Frketin, & Jenelle Tabakovic talk about themselves, the industry, the meeting, and the power of encouraging each other. It's a ladies takeover of the podcast. Information and how to register for the Race For the Future 8.0 August 28th (https://dentallabfoundation.org/news-events/race-for-the-future/) Information and registration for the Chicago Triathlon (https://www.chicagotriathlon.com/) Register for the FREE Education Day on August 27th (https://dentallabfoundation.org/education-day/) (COME TO THE DINNER!) Donate to Barb or Team Voices From the Bench!!!! (https://fdlt.memberclicks.net/donor-form#!/) The Asiga MAX (https://whipmix.com/products/asiga-max/), the world's most advanced lab 3D printer, offers exceptional productivity. Well over 400 labs in the U.S. can attest to its accuracy, speed and precision. With 62 micron Print Precision, the Max is optimized for both dental lab or clinic environments. Its exclusive SPS™ Smart-Positioning-System Technology guarantees every layer is formed accurately, resulting in consistent results in any environment, and its single Point Calibration makes calibration extremely accurate and fast. As an Open Material System, you can print any suitable resin from any material manufacturer. Your choice, no strings. The Max also features the Fastest Material Changeover of any 3D printer. Labs LOVE this! Change completely from one print resin to another in under 30 seconds. All this and the finest, most dependable technical support staff in the dental lab industry. Call Whip Mix today or visit whipmix.com (https://whipmix.com/) to find out more about the Asiga Max! Did you know Asiga (https://www.asiga.com/) has over 500 validated materials on their open material system. And it's growing every day? By harnessing Asiga's proprietary layer monitoring technology with its smart positioning system and integrated internal radiometer, as a laboratory, you will be able to produce any indication you desire. Whether models, splints, temporaries, or even permanent crowns. Your investment will be future proofed by Asiga's rugged engineering. Providing you with a fast, accurate, and repeatable machine, with a reputation that is time tested in the laboratory industry. If you would like to learn about Asiga's machine or material offerings, please visit the website at asiga.com or contact your favorite dental reseller. Special Guests: Carrie Ling, Courtney Bennett, Dani Farago, Jenelle Tabaković, Katie Boteler, MacKenzie Mayer, Nina Frketin, and Sandra Nohava.
commander in charge of Huguang province, Prince Nikan. Meanwhile Qing princes Shang Kexi and Geng Jimao were dispatched to pacify Guangdong and Guangxi. Wu Sangui was ordered to pacify Sichuan, but was being tied down heavily in its northern sector, maybe he was fighting all the tigers. Wu had discovered that Sichuan was so devastated it made things ruinous for military campaigns. He lacked the resources to do much against the countless bandits armies and the newly emerged forces of Sun Kewangs which he referred to as a “poison overrunning the province”. The entire situation as Wu put it “Chengdu was a devastated ruin and all was empty around it. The dead and starving were everywhere and for hundreds of li there were no cooking fires but bandit gangs roamed allying with the ming freely. All of Sichuan is in the hands of bandits and their strategic situation has already improved greatly since their emergence. Without men or materiel where will I get the resources to recover land and extirpate [the bandits]?” Nonetheless in february of 1652, Wu and his subordinate Li Guohan made an offensive through the Jianmen “sword pass” all the way to Jiading. By april they captured Chongqing and by may northern Sichuan was considered fully pacified. Still Wu and Guohan had no illusions, the bandits and Ming defenses in the south remained dangerous, but the giddy young Qing Emperor assumed Sichuan as a whole was weakened and thought Wu would be able to assist Nikan in his mission. The young Qing emperor also sought to mass large armies to retake Yunnan and Guizhou after Sichuan was taken, quite a large order. A grandson of Nurhaci, Prince Nikan served with Prince Haoge in western China and held an assortment of administrative posts in the capital before he was appointed “Ding yuan da Jiangjun”, generalissimo in charge of pacifying the distant regions, following Kong Youdes death. Nikan proceeded into Huguang at the head of his army of 100,000. Like most Qing commanders, Prince Nikan was given orders to accept the surrender of anyone who submitted without a fight and that it was paramount to protect the people. Strict military regulations were to be enforced, forbidding the rape and pillaging of whom were supposed to be their subjects. Understandable, you can't go around abusing the people you want to govern after all. Nikan's army marched to Guangxi to do battle with Li Dingguo and he was promised aid from Xi'an. The Qing military operations were consuming more than half the Qing governments revenue and they knew they should be cautious and secure taxable lands before venturing deep into the southwest again. Nikans forces successfully defeated Li Dingguo's subordinates Ma Jinzhong at Yuezhou and Zhang Honggong at Changsha. Nikan pursued them west and encountered Li Dingguo's scouts near Hengzhou. Nikan defeated some of Li's forces at Hengzhou sending him on the run, but then Li set up an ambush near Qiyang where Nikan's army sustained heavy casualties. Nikan pushed forward, with his vanguard running into another ambush near Yongzhou. Li feigned a retreat and soon Nikans army was stretched out widely into 3 groupings. Li then personally led his forces brandishing a great sword on horseback into battle. Nikan fought bravely but was overwhelmed and speared off his mount. Li severed Nikans head from its corpse and paraded it around before falling back to Wugang. The Qing were absolutely shocked, Emperor Shunzhi screamed “ “In our dynasty's military history we've never suffered a loss like this!”. The Ming scholar and philosopher Huang Zongxi said of Li Dingguo's victory “it was the most complete Ming victory since the Wanli reign.”. The prefect of Guilin said of Li's victory ““The duke (Li) uses troops like a god. He's a little Zhuge [Liang]. His laws and regulations are clear and strict without committing the slightest mistake, and he combines the strong and weak in his brigades with all knowing their roles. Thus the people practically fight to join him.” The Qing licked their wounds and now put the veteran collaborator Hong Chengchou in charge of all operations in the far south. Even though Li had managed to kill Prince Nikan, he was unable to take advantage of the great victory because his subordinates Feng Shuangli and Ma Jinzhong were still working for Sun Kewang in secrecy, undermining him. Soon much of Huguang fell right back into the hands of the Qing and Feng sent word to Sun to stoke his jealousy “I fear that from now on, Dingguo will be hard to control”. Sun tried to remedy his relationship with Li by offering him the title of Prince of Xining, but Li refused stating “Investitures come from the Son of Heaven. How can one prince enfoeff another?” thus Li was making the argument that only Emperor Yongli could bestow someone as prince outraging Sun, kind of ironic also given the fact it was an argument Sun had made himself, haha. Sun was publicly praising Li's victories, while privately trying to destroy him. Sun sent countless letters summoning Li to “discuss strategy” but instead Li camped in Baoqing and ignored them. It turns out Li was being tipped off by Liu Wenxiu's son that Sun was probably trying to assassinate him. Li worried not just for his life, but for his family who were all in Yunnan. Now it should be noted Li Dingguo's armies success was primarily a result of his training programs and leadership. Li was an extremely capable military leader, he understood the limitations and strengths of his forces. For one thing he did not believe in sticking around in one place for too long, he knew the limitations of his logistics, such as a need for food. His experience as a bandit leader was of grave importance for the survival of his forces as most of their campaigns relied on moving into territories, securing resources and moving on. He also had a tendency to strike out fast without warning and leav before the Qing could consolidate on that position. Li made sure to build close ties with areas he led his forces into, trying to win over many, and this proved highly successful as unlike his former adoptive father, Li had always tried to limit atrocities. Li also heavily benefited from Yunnan specifically, he was running around with war elephants afterall, fearsome shock units, though very expensive to feed and maintain. It was said that the Qing feared Li and his “southern barbarian forces” as they were known. Estimates for the total troops available for the South Ming regime are most likely inflated but some sources claim Sun Kewang to have 800,000 men, Li Dingguo 400,000 and Liu Wenxiu 140,000. There is a breakdown of organizational structure as well when it comes to the South Ming armies. For mobile brigades (youji), each with a commander, consisting of 2 brigades (ying), which held around 1750 troops. Then there are 5 vice commanders (dusi) each with 350 troops, divided into 5 separate units of 70, further divided into 5 squads of 13. Now for a regular brigade each held 3000 troops with 10 battalions of 300, subdivided into 2 companies of 150 each. Lt's led platoons of 30 men, sergeants squads of 10. The South Ming regime were bolstered heavily by minority troops which themselves brought a variety of differing weaponry and military tactics. Its hard to gauge, but some modern scholars estimate there was a ratio of 1 gun per 15 soldiers overall, but other scholars argue they had even more. As already mentioned we see a heavy use of Elephant cavalry amongst Li Dingguo's forces, he also had unique firearms, repeating crossbows and specialized polearms. By the way if you ever have a chance to check out repeating crossbows going back to the ancient times of China, its worthwhile, they are awesome. There were the famous 3 eyed bird guns, western made cannons and much more. Li's force particularly liked using cavalry, favoring the mobility, but horses were in short supply for Yunnan and Sichuan. The war elephants were typically in the frontlines with men firing guns atop their backs, which sounds absolutely awesome. Li Dingguo's campaigns also came with horrifying consequences for the common folk, it is estimated up to a possibly million commoners were killed during the offensive in 1652 from war conditions and famine. Basically anywhere the Qing and Ming decided to do battle ruined the area, people were pressed into service, killed, pillaged, lost homes and farms and such leading to starvation, many refugees spread into other areas causing more and more problems. While northern Sichuan was being secured by the forces of Li Guoying and Wu Sangui, Sun Kewang decided to expand into northern Sichuan and sent Liu Wenxiu. The Qing attempted to hold Liu's forces back, but the elephant cavalry proved extremely effective and soon they were pushed back towards Baoning. A large reason the Elephant cavalry was so successful was because they simply spooked the Qing horses, though for anyone who knows their Mongol war history, you can already see how using war elephants might prove disastrous. While horses are indeed spooked by elephants, horses mounted archers can quite easily spook elephants back by pelting them with arrows and flanking them. Regardless from many of the sources I am reading, this seems to not become the case until later on. Liu Wenxiu soon took Chongqing, Chengdu with the aid of his elephants and heavy cannons, he now felt the time was right to march on the Qing stronghold of Baoning. Liu besieged Baoning with 50,000 troops while another Ming commander, Wang Fuchen built floating bridges to cross the Ling River to cut off the escape from Baoning. Wu Sangui argued with Li Guoying that they should retreat to Hanzhong, but Li felt abandoning Baoning would mean the loss of Sichuan completely and that was unacceptable. Li then instructed Wu to place his troops in a position from which they could not escape. This tactic is known as “deadly ground”, the idea was by putting the forces in a life or death situation they would perform at their best. Sure hate to be those forces. Wu Sangui was still looking to retreat, but his colleagues basically told him he would get executed for doing so in Beijing. Abandoning Baoning would set the Qing pacification back for years and thus it was imperative to make this stand. Baoning was quite a defendable city, it held rivers on 3 sides and a mountain on its 4th. The Ming tried to use that mountain to fire muskets into the city but the range was too far. Liu kept up the pressure on 3 sides of the city while guarding against any relief forces incoming from the north. It was an overly aggressive stance leaving Liu's forces thinly places about, but he had no choice but to take up an aggressive stance in the hopes of breaking the city faster since Liu did not have enough supplies for a long siege, neither did the Qing for that matter. It also seems Liu had his eyes fixated on the prize and may have been too eager. Afterall if he took Baoning it would mean he was the man who took all of Sichuan. It seems in his efforts to envelope Baoning Liu had left some gaps in his formations and Wu saw this. Liu had arrayed his 13 war elephant cavalry units in the front of the formation intending to use them as shock troops and to protect his more unarmored troops in the formations center. The problem was because the war elephants were in the front like this, the troops behind them could not see what was past the elephants, and elephants unlike horses dont move fast, thus the enemy would be able to maneuver quickly and the troops would not know where they would be hit in time. What made maters even worse was the fact these unarmored troops in the middle had their backs to the Ling River. Lius army consisted mostly of pikemen with rattan shields and some harquebusiers. They were arrayed on the 3 sides of the city, 4 ranks deep with elephants in front followed by pikemen and harquebusiers in the rear. The formation reassembled a crescent moon, stretching some 5 miles around the city. For those of you war gamers you can probably visualize the setup and see some of the issues. For example Liu would employ his elephants into a charge to smash the enemy's cavalry, then open the lines for pikemen to finish them off followed by harquebusiers to shoot straddlers, a good plan? Problem, elephants are quite slow, what if the cavalry simply run around them? Wu told Zhang that if they could open a gap in the enemy's lines they might be able to win. Liu commanded an attack and Wu feigned a retreat near the Guanyin Temple which drew the Ming in pursuit. The pursuit separated some of the formation exposing the unarmored troops in the middle of Liu's formation and Wu circled around the flanks concentrating fire up the weak middle. Next Wu's cavalry smashed into some Pikemen formations pushing the enemy closer to the Ling River. Then Wu led his force against Liu Wenxiu, charging at the elephants, but they did not break. So Wu feigned another retreat, goading Liu into a chaotic pursuit. As Liu charged, Wu's forces wheeled back around and hit them with a crossfire of arrows, remember what I said about Mongolian tactics. To make matters worse, Liu's hasty pursuit saw him leaving behind many of the shield bearers, and thus they had no counter to the arrow fire. Liu's forces began to rout and Liu himself was forced to escape by cutting a floating bridge at the head of nearly half his original force of 50,000. Now 10,000 of his men were on the other side of the Ling river, scrambling to get across and they were quickly slaughtered. The Elephants eventually panicked and scattered in their own right. Wu Sangui went on to claim his forces killed and captured more than 40,000 troops during the battle. Li Guoying claimed that no more than 1000 men managed to escape and that they had captured seals of authority, 3 elephants, over 2000 horses and a mountain of firearms. Liu would retreat all the way to Yunnan and be lambasted by Sun and demoted. Liu from then on would resent Sun and fell more into the fold of Li Dingguo. After the battle both Li Guoying and Wu Sangui sent forces wheeling around to pursue the Ming as they withdrew. Wu Sangui's forces eventually stopped at Chengdu wrecking multiple Ming armies. Li Guoying began to consolidate his power in Sichuan, defeating and cornering Ming loyalist forces across the north and west of Sichuan. Li would go as far as to claim north and western Sichuan were fully pacified to Beijing. Meanwhile the Ming court was still fawning over Li Dingguo like fangirls of a Kpop band and gave him the title of Prince of Xining, really pissing off Sun Kewang. This pushed Sun Kewang to begin a military campaign going east in autumn of 1652 seeking to raise his military profile, but at the same time Hong Chengchou was sent to Hunan to pacify it. Hong did not take an aggressive stance and opted instead to restore the prosperity of the region. Sun's campaign began with the capture of Chenzhou, where he smashed its east gate with his war elephants allowing his infantry to swarm into the city fighting bloody street to street warfare. Sun followed up the massacre, by executing tons of Qing officials and erecting piles of severed limbs to showcase it, so some old fashion Zhang Xianzhong stuff. Sun Kewang afterwards personally commanded his army to attack Baoqing alongside Feng Shuangli and Bai Wenxuan to his left and right. A veteran Qing commander named Tong Tulai held the city and upon seeing the banners of Sun Kewang in the middle formation order the concentration of his forces fire upon the center units. Both sides took equal and heavy casualties, but soon Sun Kewangs army broke and fled with Tong Tulai choosing not to pursue, probably learning a lesson from Prince Nikan's demise. Sun's defeat at Baoqing and Liu Wenxiu's defeat at Baoning convinced many that Sun Kewang was an incompetant military leader and that he had wasted over 3 years training his forces for nothing. Thus ironically Sun Kewangs efforts to eclipse his rival, Li Dingguo had resulted in the exact opposite, making Li look even better. Sun then began to see the Ming royal family and its ties to Li Dingguo as a threat and he would take a course of action that would effectively doom the South Ming regime. Despite the setbacks to the strategic position of the South Ming regime in 1653 not all was entirely lost. Emperor Yongli was in a secure and stable position for once and the regime held Yunnan, Guizhou and southern Sichuan firmly. Sun Kewang had brought many Dashun,Da Xi and other bandit groups under their sphere of influence and more importantly under the control of one leader. There was even the possibility that the South Ming regime could eventually link up with the naval resistance led by Koxinga in the southeast coast, someone we will talk about later. The military successes of Li Dingguo gave the South Ming regime a huge morale boost and shocked the hell out of the Qing. But beneath the surface of all of this, things were not well internally for the Ming loyalists. As we saw countless times with the bickering amongst different factions in the South Ming regime, here again it will occur. Sun was ambitious and jealous of his colleagues, he also shared grotesque traits of his former master Zhang Xianzhong. Emperor Yongli on the other hand was weak willed and a coward who consistently sought his personal safety over all other concerns. He was a mere puppet, content with just being a symbol. Li Dingguo had risen from a peasant leader to become a genuine Ming loyalist who was both brave and charismatic, earning the hearts of many. He did not have the administrative skill like Sun Kewang, but he was a capable military leader who could take territory. In essence the 3 men together made a formidable team, each having something of use, administrative skill for Sun, military capability for Li and a symbol of authenticity in Yongli. But this would never come into reality and the real losers of this game of thrones, would as always be the common people. Sun Kewang from the early days of just being a bandit leader showed a very notable tendency to be sensitive to any criticism and would attack anyone who he thought slighted him. Li Dingguo was well aware that Sun planned to kill him as early as 1652, yet despite this Li tried to get Sun to work together but it only made Sun more angry and dangerous. Thus by 1653 Li began to move his forces further away from Sun before he might be enveloped. Li left Yongzhou with less than 50,000 loyal troops to Longhu Pass which allowed the Qing quickly snatch up Yongzhou as a result. From there Li went east, skirmishing sometimes with Sun troops and attacking Qing controlled cities. Li's hope was if he managed to get closer to the eastern coast he might be able to join forces with Koxinga whom for his own part was open to the idea and trying his best to join up as well. In march of 1653, Li besieged Zhaoqing for weeks and despite heavy bombardments failed to take the city and was forced to move on and raid Guangxi. He attacked Guilin where he was wounded and forced to retreat when Qing relief forces came. As Li fought Qing forces in Guangdong and Guangxi throughout 1653, Sun Kewang dispatched Feng Shuangli to attack Li at Liuzhou. Li however, managed to ambush Feng's forces and sent him fleeing. There is a story that as Feng tried to ford a river fleeing, Li supposedly saved him from drowning and thus Feng gave his loyalty to Li and returned to Sun's camp waiting for the right moment to help Li defeat him. Li would take Guilin in late 1653 and the more actions he took the more Emperor Yongli's court saw him as a better alternative to Sun as a military protector. Soon Emperor Yongli offered Li the same rank as Sun Kewang if he could rescue him from Sun's house arrest situation. Li responded that he would be open to the idea of “escorting” Yongli to safety if he successfully took Guangdong. However, Ma Jixiang discovered these messages between Li and Yongli and gave word to Sun Kewang in January of 1654. Sun then accused Yongli of conspiring against him and initiated a plan to redistribute Li Dingguo's wives and concubines in Yunnan among the other high ranking officers, but there was general dissatisfaction amongst his ranks. Almost a full blown mutiny had occurred at one point and thus his devious plan never came to fruition. On May 6, Sun executed what he called the 18 gentlemen of Anlong for allegedly conspiring against him. Their ringleader, Wu Zhenmin strangled himself while the others were publicly flayed and decapitated. Its been awhile since we had this gruesome stuff eh? It turns out when Yongli was accused he denied the conspiracy and threw all the 18 gentlemen under the bus to save himself. In spring of 1654, Sun with 370,000 troops prepared for another eastern campaign while Li Dingguo had launched his own into Guangdong hoping as always to link up with the infamous Koxinga. Li managed to push all the way to Gaozhou, located in the southeast of the province. Next he besieged Xinhui just a bit south of Guangzhou. While he besieged Xinhui he asked Koxinga for assistance, but this never came to fruition and thus the siege lagged into 1655. Li's situation became very desperate, his men were soon reduced to eating their own horses. Then Qing reinforcements commanded by Shang Kexi arrived and despite Li having arrayed his cannons and elephants for defense the cannons allegedly were not working properly during the battle, allowing the Qing to take some high ground against him. Shang Kexi and his colleague Geng Jimao from the vantage point were able to outflank Li and cause his elephants to rout running through his own army causing massive chaos. Li had already lost countless thousand during the siege and the Qing attack simply broke them, they soon fled for their lives. Shang Kexi boasted “they scattered like rats before the might of the Qing”. Li fled back southwest with the remnants of his forces, around 10,000 men, with just 3 war elephants left and a possible 60-70 thousand refugees as he was pursued by the Qing. He was finally able to breathe when he destroyed a bridge behind himself stranding the Qing and managing to escape to Nanning. The Qing quickly grabbed up multiple cities and Li's eastern campaign had ended in complete failure. With just a single battle at Xinhui, over 3 years of Ming victories had been swept away. Meanwhile Sun had launched an assault on Changde in the summer of 1655, bringing with him Liu Wenxiu who had tried to retire in dismay from his major defeat, but Sun would not allow this. When his forces got close to Changde they were ambushed by Qing forces and had to make a fighting retreat, losing 6 subsequent battles to them. Many of Sun's forces fell to the Qing, starvation and disease. Feng Shuangli was wounded and some other 40 generals simply surrendered to the Qing in what became a catastrophic campaign. One thing made Hong Chengchou uneasy despite the great victories, the Ming forces under Sun seemed to be using riverine units to great effect. Thus Chengchou began to pressure the Qing to put more funding into naval capabilities. You see Sun and Li both had mastered using boats to move units quicker through river systems, as cavalry was scarce and their operations required fast mobility. The use of these riverine units alluded the Qing countless times as the Qing did not possess a great number of boats themselves nor plan to build too many. Throughout 1655 the Qing pushed through Guangxi defeating multiple bandit groups. Li Dingguo in the meantime was returning to Nanning in late 1655, but would soon flee when the Qing attacked the city in February of 1656. It became evident that Li Dingguo was edging closer and closer to Anlong to attempt a rescue of Emperor Yongli, prompting Sun Kewang to order the forceful movement of the emperor. He appointed his subordinate Bai Wenxuan for the task of moving the emperor, completely unaware that Bai was secretly working with Li Dingguo to relocate Emperor Yongli to Yunnan where Li had a powerbase. As Sun continued to campaign in eastern Sichuan, Li dingguo and Bai Wenxuan sent word to Emperor Yongli to try and convince the him to move to Yunnan. It was a major risk as Li only had 6000 troops under his control at the time and Sun had more than 50,000 garrisoning various places, many of which were in Yunnan. Li then tried to appeal to the Ming loyalism of the commanders scattered about, accusing Sun Kewang of quote “sinking to a depth from which he could not return to allegiance”. He also bribed the hell out of them. In turn Liu Wenxiu turned his back on Sun and made his way to join Li dingguo. Li then dispatched his subordinate Jin Tongwu to take Emperor Yongli to Yunnan in early 1656, but Sun Kewang sent some agents of his own to retrieve the emperor. So basically we are seeing a situation in which Li Dingguo and Sun Kewang are both trying to win the Ming loyalists to their respective side and portraying themselves as being the true savior of the Emperor. By the way if most of this story sounds oddly familiar to parts of the 3 Kingdoms stories its not a coincidence, all the characters were avid readers of those stories and were actively portraying the events as such. What ends up winning the day, was the cunning and deceptive alliance between Li dingguo and Bai Wenxuan, because despite all that was going on, it seems Sun still thought Bai Wenxuan was his loyal man helping move the emperor for him. At a crucial moment, Sun Kewang sent an army to apprehend the emperor and Bai Wenxuan stopped the force saying “The Son of Heaven is here. Kewang wants to be a murderous traitor. If you wish to do that which is right, how can you follow the commands of an evil murderer and thus counter the Way of Heaven?”. Meanwhile he was sending letters to Sun Kewang explaining that he would be delivering the Emperor to Guiyang in a few days and not to worry. This deception bought enough time for Li Dingguo and his smaller army to sneak into Anlong and convince 2 Ming commanders, Pang Tianshou and Ma Jixiang (yup Sun's spy loyal man) to switch their allegiances to him. Li dingguo consolidated the forces with those of Ben Wenxuan and they began to escort Emperor Yongli out of Anlong on February 20th. It is said the populace lined up the roads and wept for joy as Emperor Yongli entered Yunnan alongside Li Dingguo. The emperor quickly occupied Sun Kewangs former residence in Kunming and once he felt safe and comfortable he began to distribute new titles and office to all those who aided his escape. Li Dingguo and Liu Wenxiu were named the Princes of Jin and Shu. Despite all of the craziness, Li Dingguo still hoped to bring Sun Kewang back into the fold and sent Liu Wenxiu back to Guiyang as an envoy. However Emperor Yongli advised Liu not to go in person, remembering the execution of the 18 gentlemen of Anlong, so instead Liu wrote a letter in blood to Sun Kewang. Li even sent out Sun's servants and concubines and the deceptive Bai Wenxuan back to him in a show of good faith. Sun responded as you might guess, angrily, so he sent his own envoys in return as a sign of good faith. In truth he had sent spies such as Wang Ziqi and Zhang Hu, who to his delight sent back word quickly that Li Dingguo only had 20,000 troops. Thus Sun Kewang eagerly prepared for war against Li, not realizing many of his top commanders had changed their allegiances such as his subordinate, Zhang Hu, I guess he can be called a double agent. Bai Wenxuan for his part notified Li that peace was assuredly not an option. On top of this Sun had sent some agents throughout Guizhou and Yunnan to garrison positions and prepare for war which really tipped Li off. Li Dingguo and Liu Wenxiu each sent letters from Kunming to Koxinga hoping for cooperation but no responses came. During all of this, the Qing were consolidating their empire, especially in Sichuan. The skirmishes between Sun and Li had enabled the Qing to grab most of Southwest China. Yet Southern Sichuan was still extremely chaotic. Maimed people walked everywhere, corpses littered the fields, cannibalism was rampant and people were paying taxes to differing authorities. Sun Kewang still held considerable authority in Southern Sichuan. Li Guoying was promoted to governor general of Shaanxi and Sichuan in 1657 and the Qing hoped some martial law might speed up the pacification and end the nightmare that had reigned for over a decade at this point. Li Guoying pointing out that Sichuan contained a mishmash of refugees from all the ongoing wars. There were Eight banner troops, bandits, Ming loyalists, Dashun and Daxi remnants and all these groups made it very difficult to determine reliability and suitability for service under the Qing. Li Guoying thought increasing agricultural productivity would win over most and set to work doing so. Meanwhile Hong Chengchou was gathering forces and supplies in Huguang while promoting agricultural productivity. Thus both Li and Hong were running similar programs trying to win the hearts of the populace to their side. Now as I mentioned, the Qing took Nanning in 1656 and soon realized that Li Dingguo had slipped away to Anlong. The Qing commanders worried that their supply lines were stretched too thin and Hong Chengchou favored using Guilin as a main base of operations for enclosing the southwest. To Hong Chengchou the main threat was Emperor Yongli and his entourage because he held the most significant challenge to the Qing that of legitimacy. The Qing had word of the growing war between Li Dingguo and Sun Kewang and chose to allow Hong Chengchou to build up his forces and supplies for the time being and let the enemy rot a bit from within. The entire time the Ming were bickering, the Qing were amping up agricultural production in multiple provinces winning over more and more of the populace. In the summer of 1657 Sun and Li finally came after another. Sun with a 140,000 strong army marched upon Yunnan leaving Feng Shuangli to hold Guiyang. Li and Liu had around 50,000 troops and took up a position at Qujing building up wooden defenses there. By this point Li and Liu had persuaded many of Sun's subordinates to turncoat using every means possible, but despite this they still feared the upcoming clash. Sun arrayed his force into 36 brigades once he hit the Yunnan border and made his way to the nearest city, Jiaoshui. When the 2 armies came 10 miles from each other, Sun placed Bai Wenxuan in his vanguard which would prove a disastrous mistake. Turns out Sun's spies finally told him Bai Wenxuan was a turncoat, so Sun rightfully threw him in front, but unbeknownst to him Bai knew Sun knew and planned for this. Oh how the turntables? At the critical start of the battle Bai sent a signal and his troops wheeled around smashing into Sun's other commanders, aided by another turncoat general. Before Sun could respond, the turncoat units were eliminating his loyal units 1 by 1. Sun panicked and sought to withdraw, but 2 of his loyal subordinates Ma Bao and Ma Weixing both promised they would capture Bai and Liu vowing to quote “eat Bai's flesh for his betrayal. We outnumber them 10 to 1, when one person advances, we retreat. Are there no men among us?”. Thus Sun sent Mao Bao and another subordinate Zhang Sheng with 4000 troops to make a flanking maneuver while he drove straight into the vanguard himself. The outcome was catastrophic. Ma Weixing simply bolted away, Zhang fled towards Kunming hoping to switch sides and Ma Bao did not follow through because it turned out he was also a turncoat. There are even accounts that Ma Bao's men were firing blanks to look like they were helping. To make matters worse, Li Dingguo was fed intel provided by Bai Wenxuan and personally led his units to hit Sun's weakest spot. When Liu Wenxiu advanced, many of Sun's subordinate began to chant “Welcome, Prince Jin! Welcome Prince Jin!” as they cast off their uniforms and defected. Soon banners of Li and Liu were filling the battleground, Sun was being undone by his own army. Even though Sun's loyal forces still outnumbered the enemy 3-1 they quickly collapsed and Sun was forced to flee. Sun and just a few dozen followers fled through thick forests making their way to the nearest town which was named Puding…haha Puding, anyways of all people Ma Jinzhong was holding the town and he closed the gates on them. When Sun screamed at the gates he was the ruler of the realm, Ma retorted “The ruler of the realm left with an army of 160,000. Now there are only a few thousand. You are certainly bandits.” Next Sun and his followers ran to Guiyang with Liu hot on their heels. When Sun approached the gates of his old capital he found them barred by Feng Shuangli. Feng did however allow Sun to take his family and continue running and Sun also secretly ordered his followers to rape and kill the wife of Bai Wenxuan who was in Guiyangat the time. Soon Sun ran into an underling of Li Dingguo named Li Bengao. He said to Bengao “Bengao, is that my old companion? You've received my favor, but now you want to kill you ruler huh?” Bengao replied “As a court officer it is simple to know the duties of a lord and minister. Bengao does not kill his lord; I've come to kill the leader of bandits.”. But before Bengao could kill Sun, one of Sun's followers snuck up and shot Bengao dead with an arrow. Sun decided enough was enough and to defect to the Qing and did so at Baoqing on December 19th of 1657. He cut his hair in the Manchu fashion and was invested as the Prince of Yi, but would not live too much longer as he died of illness in 1660, some allege he was executed secretly for having dealings with the Koxinga regime in Taiwan. Speaking of Koxinga, fresh from his victory over Sun, Li Dingguo yet again sent another letter to Koxinga asking if they could join forces and attack Nanjing, but this never came to be. Li Dingguo had a short lived victory as he soon had to perform mop up operations against Sun's loyalists in Yunnan. Li reportedly lost upto 90% of his best commanders and troops simply cleaning up the remnants of Sun, leaving him with a terribly green force to resist the inevitable Qing invasion to come. To make matters worse Liu Wenxiu died of illness in late 1658. Li distrusted most of the commanders at his side as they had been Sun's former commanders and without Liu he simply had too much to do by himself. Remember how Li kept trying to bring Sun Kewang back into the fold, despite the man was trying to kill him? Well you can see why here, despite Li being an incredible military leader, when it came to governance and state building, he simply was not very good at it. He was used to mobile armies, wandering the provinces and plundering while on the move. Sitting idle and trying to build up forces, taxation, production, even defenses works was sort of not his forte. Before L iu had died, on his deathbed he told Li he should flee and establish a new base of operations in Shaanxi or maybe sail down the Yangtze to join Koxinga. The loss of Liu was a hard one, as Li trusted pretty much no other former commanders under Sun, apart from Bai Wenxuan who proved quite helpful. Regardless Li strove on preparing what defenses he could. 3 Qing armies advanced on Yunnan from 3 directions, planning to converge upon Kunming. Wu Sangui marched from Sichuan, Loto would march from Huguang, Jobeti from Guangxi and Hong Chengchou held overall command. At this time Hong Chengchou was quite old and his health was failing him so he could not take a field command. Just because he was old and ill did not mean he did not have some sneaky tricks however. Hong Chengchou sent a number of spies into Yunnan to gather intel and perform a misinformation campaign to lead Li Dingguo's forces to believe the Qing were much further away than they were. Wu Sangui's force departed Baoning and first came upon Chengdu which he described to be “a den of tigers, leopards, and bears”. The city was still a wasteland and it is estimated only 2% of the population was alive. Things proved to be just as bad in Chongqing, when Wu and his colleague Li Guohan approached the first things they saw were corpses and bones littering the roads. Unlike Chengdu, Wu's force was hampered at Chongqing by bandit armies, but the Qing artillery proved enough to break them after several battles. It is said the Qing artillery blasted from shorelines filling the river with the bodies of bandits. The Qing armies advanced through Sichuan, Guangxi and Guizhou battling bandit armies everywhere they went. The more they advanced however, the more easily bandits surrendered and defections began to pour in. Loto captured Guiyang from Ma Jingzhong and within 3 months nearly all of Guizhou fell to the Qing. By 1658 most of the Ming resistance in Huguang and Jiangxi had been smashed with only some large bandit groups holding out. Thus it was decided in 1658 to finally march on Yunnan. Despite the field commanders eagerness, Hong Chengchou advised them all that they had thus far taken mostly empty or under armed cities and they only had a month or so supplies left. He cautioned them that they should advance slowly. Emperor Shunzhi received reports from Hong Chengchou and likewise ordered them to delay their advances so they could recover somewhat and supply up. Alongside this Emperor Shunzhi stressed the necessity to win over the populace as they conquered ““establish order out of chaos and rescue the people.”. Despite these orders, many scholars point out that this stage of the war was quite bloody on the side of the Qing and many commoners suffered. Meanwhile Li Dingguo had sent Bai Wenxuan to guard the Qixing Pass with 40,000 troops, Wu Zisheng to guard the route from Anlong and other units to the Pan River in the east where he planned to make a base of operations. Li was looking for a place to break away, considering Sichuan or even Vietnam, but the Qing had taken their time to envelop Yunnan forcing him into a corner. Li mobilized the army to go east to defend the approaches to Yunnan and won a few minor battles killing more than 10,000 Qing troops. Despite the victories, the Qing numerical superiority simply overwhelmed Li's forces quickly and they soon had to pull back further into Yunnan. Li brought his forces to Shuanghekou and Jobtei climbed a nearby mountain to study Li's army formation, searching for signs of weakness. When the battle commenced, Li's forces launched a cannonade, but the wind suddenly blew all the smoke from the cannonade into his battle lines faces. On Top of the blinding effect the smoke lit tall grass on fire all amongst his army. His army had to pull back and in the disarray, allowing Jobtei to outflank Li catching him in a pincer forcing Li to flee. Li's army fled to Kunming destroying bridges as they did to delay the Qing forces. Meanwhile Wu Sangui had intel on an alternate route to get past Bai Wenxuans forces at Qixing Pass and managed to get behind him forcing Bai's force to flee to Zhanyi. The initial campaign to defend Yunnan was a colossal failure. Li lost an estimated 30-40 thousand men, most of them his few surviving veterans with whom held more than 10 years of experience fighting battles from Sichuan to Guangdong. 30 officers were gone, most of his war elephants were also gone and the Qing were now marching on Qujing. Li sent words back to Kunming urging Emperor Yongli to flee. Li would make it back to Kunming by January 5th 1659 and the court of Yongli began to plan their next place to make a stand. Li favored a retreat into Sichuan in the hope of joining some large bandit armies they had friendly connections with. Others in the court argued it was too dangerous and that there was little offensive potential in Sichuan. Many argued they should flee west through Yunnan into Burma. Others said they should flee into Vietnam and perhaps sail out to join Koxinga. But as they debated it turned out the Qing foresaw some of their actions and blocked the way into Vietnam and in the end the decision was made to flee west into Burma. The royal entourage was around 4300 men that departed Kunming. Li ordered everything that could not be carried to be torched, but the people lamented him for this and he soon changed his mind about the torching. Before leaving he told the people of Kunming “We have stayed in Yunnan for many years and we regard you people as a father regards his sons. But now national affairs have reached dire proportions and the court must move. You may share our hardships together. For I fear that when the Qing troops arrive, they will kill, loot, and rape, and it will be difficult to escape. If you do not flee with his majesty, you should each get far away quickly. Those who don't have only themselves to blame”. This drove the city's populace to abandon the city while weeping for the doom that was brought upon them. The march was a rough one, food became scarce and many died of starvation and disease. They eventually made it to Yongchang in early 1659 as the Qing hit Kunming and to their great surprise found it was fully intact and supplies were everywhere to be found. Li's change of heart on the torching would cost him greatly as the Qing forces recovered several months of supplies in Kunming. Meanwhile some of the Emperors entourage did not want to go west such as Ai Chengye who instead sought to establish ambushes for the Qing, hoping to join Li and the emperor later. Bai Wenxuan began to establish defenses between Dali and Yongchang to delay the Qing as well. It was decided to cover Emperor Yongli's flight, Bai would hold the rearguard while Li rode with the Emperors entourage. The Qing continued their advance as Bai Wenxuan tried to delay them but suffered multiple defeats and lost countless soldiers, officers and elephants. Meanwhile Li destroyed the bridge at Lancang River hoping to further delay the Qing, but the Qing were very efficient at building rafts and crossed each river with ease. The Qing would reach Yongchang in March of 1659 and proceed to plunder it heavily. Li and Bai held a council of war and Li argued they should try to fight a decisive battle in Yunnan, but Bai argued that Emperor Yongli's safety was more important. Regardless Li was adamant about fighting and set up multiple ambushes along the mountain range of Mount Mopan west of the Nu River. With only 6000 troops against around 12,000 of a Qing vanguard, Li felt he could do some damage. He split his forces into 3 groups stationed them in ambush sites to hit the vanguard of Wu Sangui. Wu Sangui's vanguard had been having a few easy days with no real excitement so he was marching with a loose formation into the mountain range not expecting an attack. The ambush signal was triggered and Wu immediately ordered a retreat as all hell broke loose and cannons and arrows rained down upon his men. Combat raged all over the mountain range and Li Dingguo got shrapnel into his face as he directed the battle. The fighting went on for half a day seeing corpses pill up on both sides like mountains. In the end Li made a fighting withdrawal. The Ming forces ended up losing a third of their total numbers while inflicting upto 10,000 casualties upon the Qing. After the battle Wu Sangui remarked that Li Dingguo and Bai Wenxuan were indeed great military commanders and they should tread lightly. The carnage in the mountains bought more time for Emperor Yongli to continue to move into Burma. Li and a few thousand troops fled south camping at Menggen inside Burma and Bai Wenxuan camped at Mubang. When Li and Bai entered Burma they took care not to attack any Burmese forces they were with the Emperor afterall. As for Emperor Yongli when the entourage entered the Burmese border, the royal party was disarmed by local border guards and apprehended. They were taken by boat over the Irrawaddy river to the capital city of Ava. By this time their entourage was nothing more than 1478 members of which only 600 or so were allowed to be on the boats, the rest had to walk it through thick jungle. Hundreds died to disease while trekking the jungles, some went south to Siam instead, others ended up being captured as slaves. Emperor Yongli's party made it to Ava, completely unaware Li and Bai were trying to find them and one of his court officials was sending word to them that Emperor Yongli had instead fled to Fujian. Over the next 2 years, Li and Bai under the believe that Emperor Yongli was kidnapped, and perhaps he was for all intensive purposes, began to make repeated rescue efforts. Meanwhile the Qing consolidated their position in Yunnan and their enormous occupational force was exacerbating the province, soon famine spread. For both the populace of Yunnan and the Qing forces the situation was growing quite dire. The costs for garrisoning Yunnan was estimated to exceed the entire military revenue for the empire, over 9 million taels of silver. The situation grew worse when Li Dingguo began to work with local chieftains to form rebellions against the Qing menace. The trouble of banditry and rebellions would plague the Qing in Yunnan for months far into 1661. While some Qing commanders like Wu Sangui pushed for apprehending Emperor Yongli as soon as possible, Hong Chengchou favored a gradual pacification of Yunnan before campaigning. Hong had seen the countless failures in Guangxi, Sichuan and Guizhou and understood the need to win the hearts of the populace so that victory would be less costly. Meanwhile back in Burma, Bai Wenxuan advanced towards Ava trying to rescue Emperor Yongli who he assumed had been kidnapped. This led the Burmese forces to treat both Bai and Li's small armies as threats. Bai and Li consolidated their armies and defeated a Burmese force killing several thousand. After defeating the Burmese force they negotiated a 3 day truce asking for the Burmese to hand over the emperor. After 3 days instead of handing him over the Burmese sent another army to attack them and they were swiftly defeated. When they demanded the Emperor be handed over again the Burmese commander said “Now how can we send [Yongli] to you? You have the temerity to attack our city, but the land and water [i.e., terrain] don't favor you. We can hold out for two to three years without fear.”. Thus they continued to march on Ava and besieged it, prompting the king of Burma to amass over 150,000 troops with 100 war elephants to defend the capital. The entire time Li and Bai both tried to write countless letters to the emperor failing countless times, but then one letter got through in 1661 and Yongli responded ““Use unorthodox troops to rescue me.”. Thus they did just that, they made a direct attack on the city preparing to cross the Irrawaddy to hit the walls of Ava. That night they opened fire with their heavy cannons and began building floating bridges. As you can imagine the Ming forces were outnumbered by something like 10 to 1 and certainly outgunned or better said out elephanted. Regardless of their numbers the Burmese using the cover of night, to cut the bridges to Ava forcing the Ming forces to pull back. Then in april of 1661 a Burmese army of 150,000 with apparently 1000 war elephants showed up and gave battle, that number has to be inflated, 1000 war elephants what is this the siege of Minas Tirith? Anyways it is said, Li Dingguo went forth to the front of battle with a large sword and grabbed an elephants tusk as he hacked its trunk off. The elephant fled afterwards making Li the largest bad ass I've ever heard of, and that poor elephant. It is also said Bai Wenxuan managed to perform a rear flank attack killing thousands and drove the Burmese army back, which must of been incredible given the disparity of numbers, 10,000 guys managed to defeat an army of 150,000 and 1000 elephants, yeah. The Ming proceeded to continue building the fleet of boats and rafts after the battle and besieged Ava yet again. The Burmese sent word they would release Yongli if the siege was lifted, I am pretty confused writing about this one, its as if the Burmese army was a paper army or something. I mean this Ming force is 10,000 or less how are they managing to defeat the capital of Burma?. Regardless the Burmese did not hand over the emperor and instead began to construct more defenses in Ava. Meanwhile the Qing sent letters to Li and Bai to defect to the Qing as they were mobilizing their own assault on Burma to grab Yongli. In june of 1661 the King of Burma, Pindale was executed and replaced by his brother, Pye Min who assumed a more aggressive stance against the Ming forces. For his enthronement there was a “water spirit” ceremony and an official of Yongli's court, Mu Tianbo was chosen to be sacrificed. Mu Tianbo fought ferociously, killing a few guards before being executed. After this Emperor Yongli lost all hope and lamented “The Dowager Empress is sick again and it looks like I will be unable to go back [to China] because the Tartars are coming to kill me. So please return the Dowager Empress's bones to her old home. Now it's obvious that I've been duped by traitorous ministers. If only I had invested Bai Wenxuan as a Prince of the Blood and Ma Bao as a secondary prince and followed the counsel of the meritorious officials, then I wouldn't have these regrets. Still playing the part of the Son of Heaven, he also expressed regret at the fate of his loyal subjects in Yunnan, who were reportedly suffering at the hands of Wu Sangui and Hong Chengchou.” When Bai and Li heard of the execution they panicked and launched one final attack on Ava. This time they tried to use their 16 boats to get across to the city, but their force was driven back after only 3 days of combat and they lost 11 boats in the process. Now Li and Bai lamented in despair for their situation was very dire. Since the Ming had entered Burma the Burmese government began opening up talks with the Qing hoping to curry favor. This facilitated the Qing march into Burma with a 100,000 strong force in 1661. The Qing immediately sought to separate the forces of Li and Bai as they advanced towards Ava. The Qing had already sent word to the Burmese King that if Yongli was not handed over immediately, Ava would be besieged. As the Qing closed in, Emperor Yongli sent a letter to Wu Sangui begging for his life, but Wu ignored it. When the Qing arrived at Ava, the Burmese told Emperor Yongli Li Dingguo was taking him away to safety as they delivered the emperor straight into the hands of the Qing. Emperor Yongli was brought to Kunming and executed on may 19th 1662 on a small hill overlooking Green Lake. Yongli and his wife were strangled and their ashes were poured around the Lotus Pond in Kunming. Wu Sangui allegedly felt remorse for not trying to save Emperor Yongli, though his story is not quite done. Li Dingguo and Bai Wenxuan fled north trying to decide their next move, but they knew they stood no chance against the Qing force. Wu Sangui surrounded their camp and Bai lamented “I've disappointed my emperor, and I've let down Prince Jin.”. Bai then surrendered to Wu Sangui's subordinate Ma Bao who happened to be an old friend of his. Li Dingguo was given false word that Emperor Yongli escaped, but required him for rescue. By this point Li had only 5000 or so men and could do little to nothing. Li fled east, hoping as you guessed it, to jin Koxinga, the man I keep naming but never speak much about. Li tried to flee to Vietnam and slipped past the Qing who were much more preoccupied moving Emperor Yongli back to Kunming. Despite the fact Li Dingguo evaded the Qing menace, as he fled through the thick Burmese jungles he was stricken, as were his men with disease. On his death bed just as he got word that Emperor Yongli had been executed, Li Dingguo died on August 10th 1662. He died telling his remaining son to never submit to the Qing and he would be remembered as one of the great loyalist heroes in Chinese history. 10700 I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me. The last pretender to the Dragon throne, Emperor Yongli has been executed and adoptive offspring of Zhang Xianzhong have fallen likewise. Yunnan and the rest of south China is being consolidated into the Qing empire, all that remains is a few bandit groups, or was that all? I've mentioned his name countless times, but one problem still remains for the Qing, Koxinga over in Taiwan.
May Ling Lai returns to the Maverick Show and starts off by talking to Matt about wine and travel experiences in Italy, France, Spain, Colombia and Vietnam. She then performs a Spanish language song acapella. Next the conversation turns to May Ling's YouTube Show “Markets with May”. She discusses Matt's appearance on “Markets with May” and then talks about her motive for starting the show. Next, she talks about her experience and lessons from reading the annual reports of every company in the S&P 500. May Ling also offers suggestions for how beginners can approach the “Markets with May” show. She then shares some basic fundamentals on how she decides which companies she is bullish on and breaks down the keys to understanding dividend-paying stocks. May Ling shares her top 4 favorite dividend-paying stocks at the time of the interview. And, finally, she offers her opinion on cryptocurrency as an investment, it's volatility, Warren Buffett's crypto-skepticism, and how beginners should approach the asset class. FULL SHOW NOTES AVAILABLE AT: www.TheMaverickShow.com