Podcasts about Thin

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Best podcasts about Thin

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Latest podcast episodes about Thin

Being an Engineer
Thin Gauge Metal Profiles, Roll Forming, & Narrowing Your Scope | Andrea Dallan

Being an Engineer

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 22, 2021 42:47


Andrea Dallan is an engineer, an entrepreneur and CEO of Dallan Spa, an Italian family business (Dallan) that has been producing systems for the processing of thin sheet metal since 1978, with 160 employees that include engineers, technicians and operations. He is also the author of the books “The Revolution of Efficiency” (2020) and “Think Thin” (coming summer 2021). Join our conversation to hear how he has used principles of efficiency, automation, and flexibility to increase the success of his business, and how you can apply these principles to your work, as well. The Being An Engineer podcast is brought to you by Pipeline Design & Engineering. Pipeline partners with medical & other device engineering teams who need turnkey equipment such as cycle test machines, custom test fixtures, automation equipment, assembly jigs, inspection stations and more. You can find us on the web at www.teampipeline.us.  

Jack Benny Show - OTR Podcast!
Episode 232: Gunsmoke Podcast 1956-09-16 #232 Thick 'N' Thin by Les Crutchfield and Raymond Burr Podcast - Fort Laramie1956-09-16 ep34 The Payroll by Kathleen Hite

Jack Benny Show - OTR Podcast!

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 21, 2021 55:45


Thick & Thin
Luck & randomness

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 21, 2021 34:50


Do we create our own luck? Or is it random? In this episode of Thick & Thin, I strive to discover the true definition of luck and why humans are so obsessed with being lucky.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/reinvent-yourself/201412/we-make-our-own-luck https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/finding-purpose/201911/can-you-accept-the-randomness-life https://psychcentral.com/lib/patterns-the-need-for-order#2 Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Thik 'N Thin
Thik & Thin Hoops: 2021-2022 Season Preview - Western Conference Over/Unders

Thik 'N Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 20, 2021 97:22


On this episode, the guys give their predictions and locks for the Western Conference over/unders.

Thik 'N Thin
Thik & Thin Hoops: 2021-2022 Season Preview - Eastern Conference Over/Unders

Thik 'N Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 19, 2021 80:21


On this week's episode, the guys give their predictions and locks for the Eastern Conference over/unders. Western Conference to come tomorrow.

Handbrake Off - A show about Arsenal
Handbrake on, patience running thin, and a Xhaka shaped elephant in the room

Handbrake Off - A show about Arsenal

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 19, 2021 52:53


Join Ian Stone, Adrian Clarke and James McNicholas for a frank breakdown of Arsenal 2-2 Crystal Palace. Adrian's watched the game back so you don't have to. This week: was that Vieira's audition for manager, why did we put the handbrake on, and can we turn back time and bring back Santi Cazorla please? All that plus a discussion on Olivier Giroud, insight into Danny Welbeck's late winner against Leicester and the Arsenal Women play at the Emirates RUNNING ORDER PART 1 - Patrick Vieira and late late goals (01.30) PART 2 - Arsenal 2-2 Crystal Palace (08.00) PART 3 - Olivier Giroud: nice guy and handsome devil (40.30) PART 4 - Arsenal v Barcelona at the Emirates (45.30) Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Set Lusting Bruce: The Springsteen Podcast

Stephen Drew joins Jesse to talk about his @springsteen journey & to discuss his book Into the Thin, A Pilgrimage Walk Across Northern Spain  https://www.authorstephendrew.com/ Find the show here: Twitter  @Setlustingbruce @JesseJacksonDFWInstagram: Setlustingbruce Facebook: facebook.com/SetLustingBruce Email: Setlustingbruce@gmail.comListen and subscribe to us in Apple Podcasts and leave us a review!

Everyday Thin Places
Curiosity as a Thin Place

Everyday Thin Places

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 18, 2021 33:46


Rachael Gallagher and Elizabeth Varaso check in with honesty, authenticity, and humor about curiosity as a thin place. We begin by talking about Elizabeth's far-fetched husband and his skeptical nature versus Elizabeth's curious nature. After talking through all the possible ways to view the world, Rachael and Elizabeth land on a good healthy way to go through life.Everyday Thin Places is powered by subscribers like you! To keep all of our Everyday Thin Places content free and accessible to all, consider making a donation by "buying us a coffee" to keep us going. Follow along on the Everyday Thin Places Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/everydaythinplaces/As always, reach us at everydaythinplaces@gmail.com

On The Table Gaming
On the Table Ep 114: Duncan Rhode’s Two Thin Coats Paints Kickstarter, ASOIAF TMG, and Para Bellum’s Conquest

On The Table Gaming

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 14, 2021 39:25


Duncan Rhodes joins Chase from On the Table Gaming to talk about the success of his recent Two Thin Coats Paints Kickstarter, his recent A Song of Ice and Fire tournament experience, as well as his impressions of parabellum's Conquest: Last Argument of Kings Be sure to check out the Duncan Rhode Painting Academy  Don't … Continue reading On the Table Ep 114: Duncan Rhode's Two Thin Coats Paints Kickstarter, ASOIAF TMG, and Para Bellum's Conquest →

PBS NewsHour - Segments
Rural U.S. hospitals stretched thin after nurse shortage exacerbated by the pandemic

PBS NewsHour - Segments

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 13, 2021 7:41


Nursing shortages are impacting healthcare workers and hospitals across the United States. In just the past few days, nurses and other workers in Southern California and Oregon authorized a potential strike against provider Kaiser Permanente. Staffing shortages are part of those disputes. John Yang reports from South Florida on how shortages are affecting hospitals there. PBS NewsHour is supported by - https://www.pbs.org/newshour/about/funders

PBS NewsHour - Health
Rural U.S. hospitals stretched thin after nurse shortage exacerbated by the pandemic

PBS NewsHour - Health

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 13, 2021 7:41


Nursing shortages are impacting healthcare workers and hospitals across the United States. In just the past few days, nurses and other workers in Southern California and Oregon authorized a potential strike against provider Kaiser Permanente. Staffing shortages are part of those disputes. John Yang reports from South Florida on how shortages are affecting hospitals there. PBS NewsHour is supported by - https://www.pbs.org/newshour/about/funders

Mad Radio
Payne & Pendergast Hour 1: Is the Culley Confessional Wearing Thin?

Mad Radio

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 12, 2021 39:36


Seth and Sean get amped up for game 4 of the ALDS, dive into the John Gruden resignation situation, and assess if Culley just acknowledging his mistakes a day later is enough. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Plain English Podcast | Learn English | Practice English with Current Events at the Right Speed for Learners
El Salvador bets big on Bitcoin | Learn the English expression ‘stretched thin'

Plain English Podcast | Learn English | Practice English with Current Events at the Right Speed for Learners

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 11, 2021 25:16


" Earlier this summer, El Salvador's president, Nayib Bukele, announced that El Salvador would be the first country to adopt Bitcoin as a legal currency – without consulting the country's key business leaders. Some think that the move might help the cash-based economy, but many others think he is placing a risky bet on El Salvador's already fragile economy. Plus, learn “stretched thin.” -- At Plain English, we make English lessons for the modern world. -- Today's full English lesson, including a free transcript, can be found at: https://plainenglish.com/406 -- Learning English should be fun! That's why our lessons are about current events and trending topics you care about: business, travel, technology, health, science, politics, the environment, and so much more. Our free English lessons always include English expressions and phrasal verbs, too. -- Learn even more English at PlainEnglish.com, where we have fast and slow audio, translations, videos, online English courses, and a supportive community of English learners like you. Sign up free at PlainEnglish.com/Join -- Aprende inglés gratis en línea con nuestro curso de inglés. Se habla a una velocidad lenta para que todos entiendan. ¡Aprende ingles con nosotros ahora! | Aprenda Inglês online grátis com o Plain English, a uma velocidade menor, para que todos possam entender. Contact: E-mail jeff@plainenglish.com | WhatsApp +1 312 967 8757 | Facebook PlainEnglishPod | Instagram PlainEnglishPod | Twitter @PlainEnglishPod "

Thick & Thin
Pizza Proposals & Instagram

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2021 49:30


Fall is officially here! And in this episode of Thick & Thin, we get all warm and fuzzy as I tell the cutest and possibly strangest wedding proposals stories — from pizza sponsorships to celebrity accounts and real-life rom-com moments.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://www.brides.com/story/the-best-celebrity-proposal-stories Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Life Uncut
ASK UNCUT - Thin walls and loud neighbours

Life Uncut

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 6, 2021 39:13


Hey Lifers! It's your enthusiastically unqualified but passionate about helping a sister out therapy Thursday where we dive into your deepest questions! First cab off the rank today is about whether you need to experience a couple of people before you settle on 'the one.' What happens if you're really young and you've found the person you want to marry but you're afraid of the judgement?  Secondly, well things get a little juicier here and this one isn't for the faint of heart... I want my husband to go down there after we've finished having sex, but he thinks it's a bit gross and weird. Opinions? Next up we're talking how to address that awkward AF sitch when your neighbours have obnoxiously loud sex; like, wake the dog up loud! How do you get them to shush it without making it hella awkward? Lastly we dive into what to do when someone that you really liked and dated for 2 months completely ghosts you, and then resurrects themselves with an apology. Do you entertain it or throw it in the bin? If you love the pod but you haven't taken a cheeky second to give us a review, we'd love it! Let us know your thoughts! Share the love because we love LOVEEEEE!

Affaires sensibles
The Thin Blue Line, quand le cinéma sauve un innocent

Affaires sensibles

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 6, 2021 53:59


durée : 00:53:59 - Affaires sensibles - par : Fabrice Drouelle - Aujourd'hui dans Affaires sensibles, un ex-détective devenu cinéaste supplée les défaillances de la Justice américaine. C'est Errol Morris, avec son film The Thin Blue Line (L'Affaire Adams, dans sa traduction française).

DK Pittsburgh Sports Radio
Steelers Today: The thin margin for error isn't working

DK Pittsburgh Sports Radio

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 5, 2021 8:36


Dale Lolley is joined by Tom Reed on the South Side to discuss the struggles of the Steelers after head coach Mike Tomlin's press conference. The thin margin for error that this team has created on both sides of the football is working against them currently. Can T.J. Watt and the defense produce more pressure and turnovers? Is Ben Roethlisberger still the guy to get this offense in gear? Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Montucky Skies
Check out Dipperz

Montucky Skies

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2021


 Check out the network's new podcast Dipperz. There's five episodes on the feed so far; here's one of them. Episode #4 is $6.66 for the first minute, $.69 each additional minute as Sarah and Lauren take a dip into 1-900 mumbers*! Make sure you get your parents permission before listening.* In a time long ago, far away, before the internet, people used to pay to make a landline phone call for premium audio content.https://open.spotify.com/show/6LMXvqaGE3WsXHFhWMTuHB

Media Monarchy
#MorningMonarchy: October 4, 2021

Media Monarchy

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2021 67:11


Thin patience, silent moments and the Pandora Papers + this day in history w/sculpting Mount Rushmore and our song of the day by Angry North on your #MorningMonarchy for October 4, 2021.

I Don't Wanna Hear It
140 – Buzz Bin of Horror (Volume 2): Vincent Price and the Thin Moustaches

I Don't Wanna Hear It

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2021 89:04


I Don't Wanna Hear It Podcast140 – Buzz Bin of Horror (Volume 2): Vincent Price and the Thin MoustachesWe put the torch to the bonfire of this deep, dark, and spooky ooky season with a return to the Buzz Bin of Horror. We present to you six (sometimes) intentionally upsetting videos from the edgiest decade of all. The terror will consume you as we dissect the minutia of these overblown freshman film school projects. Let the blood spill, you pigs.Check out more of our stuff at I Don't Wanna Hear It and join the Patreon, jabroni. I mean, if you want. Don't be weird about it. Oh, and we publish books now at WND Press because we want to be bankrupted by a dying medium.Episode Links:Lowest CreatureBetter Off“Until It Sleeps” by Metallica“One” by Metallica“Jeremy” by Pearl Jam“You Could Be Mine” by Guns N' Roses“Heart-Shaped Box” by Nirvana“Been Caught Stealing” by Jane's AddictionSome of our old bands are on Spotify:Absent FriendsWe're Not DeadYears From NowMusical Attribution: Licensed through NEOSounds. License information available upon request.“5 O'Clock Shadow,” “America On the Move,” “Baby You Miss Me,” “Big Fat Gypsy,” “Bubble Up,” “C'est Chaud,” “East River Blues,” “The Gold Rush,” “Gypsy Fiddle Jazz,” “Here Comes That Jazz,” “I Wish I Could Charleston,” “I Told You,” “It Feels Like Love To Me,” “Little Tramp,” “Mornington Crescent,” “No Takeaways.”

Thick & Thin
Stress & Salt

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 30, 2021 38:31


We have all used or heard the phrase, "Take it with a grain of salt." But where did this expression come from? Let's try to find out. In this episode of Thick & Thin, I also discuss my latest project — a new podcast! Made in Manhattan is all about navigating life in your twenties, from relationships to work and everything in between. Check it out!  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/648536/take-it-grain-salt-meaning-and-origins Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Hotkeys Podcast
Hot+keys #116: Thin Blonde Hair

Hotkeys Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 28, 2021 67:11


Listen to us talk about winning a bet, Blair Witch Project, Shang-Chi, movie trailers, Dune, Prisoners, custom consoles, PS5s, The Wire, Joker 2, Batman, mullets, and the fact that blonde hair is thinner than dark hair. Starring David Parker, Landon Browning, Mick Parker, Wil Dobratz, and Colby Chapman. Recorded September 20th, 2021.

Core Confidence Life
How to make your relationship last through thick and thin, Understanding manhood on a deeper level

Core Confidence Life

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 27, 2021 48:24


Reading Time: < 1 minute On this CCL interview, we speak to Louis Morris. As a relationship coach, Louis talks to us about how to … Continue reading >How to make your relationship last through thick and thin, Understanding manhood on a deeper level The post How to make your relationship last through thick and thin, Understanding manhood on a deeper level first appeared on Core Confidence Lifestyle.

Blue Line Millennial
The Lighter Side of Law Enforcement with Thin Blue Scribble

Blue Line Millennial

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 27, 2021 78:32


I am very thankful to have had the opportunity to speak with Liv, the creative genius behind Thin Blue Scribble and the first foreign officer I've had the chance to interview. Liv schooled me on how our Canadian brothers and sisters work, and talked to me about her comic strip, Thin Blue Scribble. Thin Blue Scribble is one more way that a good cop is trying to give a glimpse behind the badge. Liv's art packs plenty of humour (see that, I used "ou" like they do in Canada) along with more than a few instances of the stark reality of our chosen careers. I've been so US-centric on this show, that I never put much thought into policing in other countries. I am happy to see that cops in Canada have very similar experiences to us US cops. Should you ever find yourself in Canada, buy a cop a hot cup of coffee from Tim Horton's, swap patches, and let them know they've got the support of their teammates in America.    Support Liv by heading over to her Instagram page @thinbluescribble, and while you're at it, grab a mug featuring some of her art from the online shop!

I Don't Even Own a Television
Nöthin' But a Good Time

I Don't Even Own a Television

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 26, 2021 101:10


Homefolks, we came to party, and your eyes were looking at ... Nöthin' but a Good Time: The Uncensored History of the '80s Hard Rock Explosion by Tom Beaujour and Richard Bienstock and it is well and truly time to push the opening acts off the stage and get ready for the *looks down at padded codpiece under spandex trousers* main event, if you know what our book's subjects are talking about AND I THINK THAT YOU DO. That's right: we're heading to the Sunset Strip of Los Angeles, California, USA, circa 1985, and we're just investigating the plain HECK out of the local flora and fauna. Or at least asking the local flora and fauna to tell us what was on their minds 'way back when. And when it gets boring we set off flash pots and / or whang the switch that makes the drum kit start chugging down a long set of railroad tracks it's attached to—it'll all make sense by the end, we promis, so please! put your lighters in the air and get ready for two hard-rocking slabs of hard-rocking rock, followed by one semi-explicably emotional slice of ballad action, because it's time for us ALL to tease our hairs and enjoy (?) the power and passion of rock and roll, '80s style! Recommendations: No One Is Talking About This by Patricia Lockwood Shit, who knows, read a classic or two, IDK, Wuthering Heights and My Antonia both ruled... Music Pairings: "Nothin'" by N.O.R.E. "I Wanna Rock" by Snoop Dogg

Thick & Thin
Sex & the Cabinet

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 23, 2021 40:23


Sex, war, and presidential scandal: an all too familiar combination. In this episode of Thick & Thin, we go over a U.S. History lesson not taught in school — the Petticoat Affair. Our hero, Peggy Eaton. A woman known for her lurid past, caused chaos in the Presidential Cabinet when she married the Secretary of War, John Eaton. An event that ultimately resulted in the resignations of multiple Cabinet members.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://daily.jstor.org/why-hoop-petticoats-were-scandalous/ https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/jackson-appoints-john-eaton-as-secretary-of-war-and-starts-scandal https://daily.jstor.org/the-mrs-eaton-affair/ https://www.womenhistoryblog.com/2013/03/peggy-eaton.html https://www.britannica.com/biography/Margaret-Eaton Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Danger Close with Jack Carr
John Nores: The Thin Green Line

Danger Close with Jack Carr

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2021 67:43


Today's guest on Danger Close is John Nores. John Nores is the author of the book Hidden War: How Special Operations Game Wardens Are Reclaiming Wildlands From the Drug Cartels as well as War in the Woods: Combating the Marijuana Cartels on America's Public Lands.  For more than 26 years, John served as a Game Warden for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. During his time as a Game Warden he helped to develop and lead the Marijuana Enforcement Team (MET), an elite tactical unit targeting cartel drug operations on California's public lands.  He also created the agency's sniper capability.   John is the recipient of the Governor's Medal of Valor and led allied agency dignitary protection details with the U.S. Secret Service during the Obama administration. John is a passionate conservationist and outdoorsman.  He founded the non-profit El Oasis, which offers shelter and support to orphaned and abandoned children in Baja, Mexico. You can follow him on social media @johnnores. Presented by SIG Sauer. Featured Gear:  V Nives: TGL Trail Blazer  Schnee's Boots: The Granite  Hidden Wars: How Special Operations Game Wardens Are Reclaiming Wildlands From the Drug Cartels  War in the Woods: Combating the Marijuana Cartels on America's Public Lands.

Midnight Train Podcast
Hollow Earth Shenanigans

Midnight Train Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2021 109:16


Hollow Earth Theory   Well hello there passengers, and welcome to yet another exciting day aboard the MidnightTrain. Today we delve deep into the mysterious, creepy, possibly conspiratorial world that is our own. What do I mean by that? Well we are digging our way to the center of truth! Today, we learn about Hollow Earth… and for the flat earthers out there… you're gonna wanna hang out for a minute before you dip outta here… also fuck you.   (Cinematic trailer voice) In a World where there exists people who think the world is a flat piece of paper with trees growing out of it and a big guy who flips the piece of paper over to switch between day and night. One man wants to change that idea. His name… is Edmund Halley. Yes that Halley. The one known for the comet he discovered. But before we explore more about him and his findings, let's discuss what led us to this revolutionary hypothesis.   So besides idiots who believe the earth is flat, I mean stupid-endous personalities, there are other more interesting characters that believe the earth is completely hollow; or at least a large part of it. This is what we call the Hollow Earth Theory. Now where did this all come from? Well, nobody cares, Moody. That's the show folks!   Ok, ok, ok… fine. Since the early times many cultures, religions, and folklore believed that there was something below our feet. Whether it's the lovely and tropical Christian Hell, the Jungle-esque Greek Underworld, the balmy Nordic Svartálfaheim, or the temperate Jewish Sheol; there is a name for one simple idea. These cultures believed it to be where we either come from or where we go when we die. This may hold some truth, or not. Guess we will know more when the time comes.   The idea of a subterranean realm is also mentioned in Tibetan Buddhist belief. According to one story from Tibetan Buddhist tradition, there is an ancient city called Shamballa which is located inside the Earth. According to the Ancient Greeks, there were caverns under the surface which were entrances leading to the underworld, some of which were the caverns at Tainaron in Lakonia, at Troezen in Argolis, at Ephya in Thesprotia, at Herakleia in Pontos, and in Ermioni. In Thracian and Dacian legends, it is said that there are caverns occupied by an ancient god called Zalmoxis. In Mesopotamian religion there is a story of a man who, after traveling through the darkness of a tunnel in the mountain of "Mashu", entered a subterranean garden. Sounds lovely.  In Celtic mythology there is a legend of a cave called "Cruachan", also known as "Ireland's gate to Hell", a mythical and ancient cave from which according to legend strange creatures would emerge and be seen on the surface of the Earth.​​ They are said to be bald, taller than most with blue eyes and a big, bushy beard… fucking Moody. There are also stories of medieval knights and saints who went on pilgrimages to a cave located in Station Island, County Donegal in Ireland, where they made journeys inside the Earth into a place of purgatory. You guys know purgatory, that place or state of suffering inhabited by the souls of sinners who are shedding their sins before going to heaven. In County Down, Northern Ireland there is a myth which says tunnels lead to the land of the subterranean Tuatha Dé Danann, who are supposedly a group of people who are believed to have introduced Druidism to Ireland, and then they said fuck it and went back underground. In Hindu mythology, the underworld is referred to as Patala. In the Bengali version of the Hindu epic Ramayana, it has been depicted how Rama and Lakshmana were taken by the king of the underworld Ahiravan, brother of the demon king Ravana. Later on they were rescued by Hanuman. Got all that? The Angami Naga tribes of India claim that their ancestors emerged in ancient times from a subterranean land inside the Earth. The Taino from Cuba believe their ancestors emerged in ancient times from two caves in a mountain underground. Natives of the Trobriand Islands believe that their ancestors had come from a subterranean land through a cavern hole called "Obukula". Mexican folklore also tells of a cave in a mountain five miles south of Ojinaga, and that Mexico is possessed by devilish creatures who came from inside the Earth. Maybe THAT'S where the Chupacabra came from! In the middle ages, an ancient German myth held that some mountains located between Eisenach and Gotha hold a portal to the inner Earth. A Russian legend says the Samoyeds, an ancient Siberian tribe, traveled to a cavern city to live inside the Earth. Luckily, they had plenty of space rope to make it back out.  The Italian writer Dante describes a hollow earth in his well-known 14th-century work Inferno, in which the fall of Lucifer from heaven caused an enormous funnel to appear in a previously solid and spherical earth, as well as an enormous mountain opposite it, "Purgatory". There's that place, again. In Native American mythology, they believed that the ancestors of the Mandan people in ancient times emerged from a subterranean land through a cave at the north side of the Missouri River. There is also a tale about a tunnel in the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona near Cedar Creek which is said to lead inside the Earth to a land inhabited by a mysterious tribe. It is also the belief of the tribes of the Iroquois that their ancient ancestors emerged from a subterranean world inside the Earth. The elders of the Hopi people believe that a Sipapu entrance in the Grand Canyon exists which leads to the underworld. Brazilian Indians, who live alongside the Parima River in Brazil, claim that their forefathers emerged in ancient times from an underground land, and that many of their ancestors still remained inside the Earth. Ancestors of the Inca supposedly came from caves which are located east of Cuzco, Peru. So, this is something that has been floating around a shit ton of ancient mythos for a long ass time. Well, ya know… before that silly thing called SCIENCE. Moving on. Now to circle back to our friend Edmund. He was born in 1656, in Haggerston in Middlesex (not to be confused with uppersex or its ill-informed cousin the powerbottomsex). He was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist; because what else was there to do in the 1600's but be a know-it-all? He was known to work with Sir Isaac Newton among other notable (but not gonna note them here) proponents to science.  In 1692 he proffered the idea that the earth was indeed hollow and had a shell about 500 miles thick with two inner concentric (having a common center, as circles or spheres… hear that flat earthers??) shells and an inner core. He proposed that the atmospheres separated the shells and that they also had their own magnetic poles and that the shells moved at different speeds. This idea was used to elucidate(shed light upon… yes pun intended) anomalous(ih-nom-uh-luhs) compass readings. He conceptualized that the inner region had its own atmosphere and possibly luminous with plausible inhabitants. MOLE PEOPLE!! He also thought that escaping gases from the inner earth caused what is now known as the Northern Lights.   Now another early ambassador to this idea was Le Clerc Milfort. Jean-Antoine Le Clerc, or known by a simpler name, Louis Milfort. Monsieur Milfort was a higher ranking French military officer who offered his services during the late 1700's. He is most notably known for leading Creek Indian warriors during the American Revolutionary War as allies of the British. I guess having a common enemy here would make sense as to why he chose this group to lead. He emigrated in 1775 to what was then known as the British Colonies of North America. But we all know there is nothing Bri'ish about us.    Now why would a higher ranking French military Officer want to emigrate from his home to a place of turmoil? Great question Moody! I knew you were paying attention. Well, a little about this French saboteur.   He was known by many aliases, but we will just stick with Louis (Louie) for all intents and purposes. Louis was born in Thin-le-Moutier, near Mezieres, France. He served in the French Military from 1764 to 1774. Now this is according to his memoir that was dated in 1802. He left France after he ended up killing a servant of the king's household in a duel. Apparently, the king's servant loved the king. So much so that when Louis read aloud a poem that he had written that included the king, the servant jumped up, tore off his glove and slapped Louis across the face not once, but 4 fucking times! This is obviously something that Louis could not just let happen, so he challenged the servant to a duel. Not just any duel, mind you. He challenged him to a duel of what was then known as a “mort de coupes de papier.” The servant died an excruciating death and Louis fled. Here is the poem that started the feud.  There's a place in France Where the naked ladies dance There's a hole in the wall Where the men can see it all But the men don't care Cause they lost their underwear And the cops never shoot Cause they think it's kind of cute There a place in France Where the alligators dance If you give them a glance They could bite you in the pants There's a place on Mars Where the ladies smoke cigars Every puff she makes Is enough to kill the snakes When the snakes all die They put diamonds in their eye When the diamonds break The dancing makes them ache When the diamonds shine They really look so fine The king and the queen Have a rubber ding-a-ling All the girls in France Have ants in their pants Yes, this is 100% bullshit… but, you'll have that shit stuck in your head for days. Now as much as we tried to find ACTUAL information as to why there was duel and why it was with a servant of the king, we couldn't find much. But after digging up some more information on Louis we found out that he ended up going back to France to be a part of the Sacred Society of Sophisians.    This group is also known as the secret society of Napoleon's Sorcerers… This may have to be a bonus episode so stay tuned for more!   Now back to the “Core” of our episode. The Creek Indians who are originally from the Muscogee [məskóɡəlɡi](Thank wikipedia) area which is southeast united states which roughly translates to the areas around Tennessee, Alabama, western Georgia and Northern Florida. Louis adapted their customs and assimilated into their Tribe.  He even married the sister of the Chief.   Now after Louis and the rest of the people in the American Revolutionary War lost to the U.S. he decided to lead the Creek Tribe on an expedition in 1781 because, well, they had nothing else to do. On this expedition they were searching for caverns where allegedly the Creek Indians ancestors had emerged from. Maybe even the Origin of Bigfoot.   Yes, the Creek Indians had believed that their ancestors lived below the earth and lived in caverns along the Red River junction of the Mississippi River. Now during the expedition they did come across these caverns which they suspected could hold 20,000 of their family in. That's pretty much all they found. They didn't have video cameras back then otherwise, I'm pretty sure they would have found footage of bigfoot though.   Another advocate was Leonhard Euler, yes, you heard right. Buehler… Buehler… No Leonard Euler. A great 18th century mathematician; or not so great if you didn't enjoy math in school unlike moody who was the biggest nerd when it came to math.    Euler founded the study of graph theory and topology. No moody, not on-top-ology. Mind always in the gutter. Euler influenced many other discoveries such as analytic number theory, complex analysis, and the coolest subject ever; Infinitesimal Calculus. Which is Latin for BULLSHIT.   But anyways I digress. This guy knew his stuff BUT he did think with all his “infinite” wisdom that the earth was in fact hollow and had no inner shells but instead had a six hundred mile diameter sun in the center. The most intriguing and plausible theory he had within this whole idea was that you could enter into this interior from the northern and southern poles. Let's hold to that cool hypothesis for right now and move along with our next Interesting goon of the hollow earth community.   With Halley's spheres and Eulers's Holes came another great man with another great theory. Captain John Symmes! Yes you know Captain Symmes. HE was a hero in the war of 1812 after being sent with his Regiment to Canada and providing relief to American forces at the battle of Lundy's Lane. He was well known as a trader and lecturer after he left the army.    In 1818 Symmes announced his theory on Hollow Earth to the World! With his publication of his Circular No. 1.   “I declare the earth is hollow, and habitable within; containing a number of solid concentric spheres, one within the other, and that it is open at the poles 12 or 16 degrees; I pledge my life in support of this truth, and am ready to explore the hollow, if the world will support and aid me in the undertaking.”— John Cleves Symmes Jr., Symmes' Circular No. 1  While there were few people who would consider Symmes as the “Newton of the West”, most of the world was less than impressed. Although his theory wasn't as popular as one would expect, you gotta admire the confidence he had.   Symmes sent this declaration at a rather hefty cost to himself to “each notable foreign government, reigning prince, legislature, city, college, and philosophical societies, throughout the union, and to individual members of our National Legislature, as far as the five hundred copies would go.”15]   Symmes would then be followed by an exorbitant amount of ridicule for his proclamation, as many intellectuals were back then. This ridicule would later influence a rather bold move, Cotton. We'll touch on this later.    What was so special about his theory that got 98% of the world not on the edge of their seats? Well, to start he believed the Earth had five concentric spheres with where we live to be the largest  of the spheres. He also believed that the crust was 1000 miles thick with an arctic opening about 4000 miles wide and an antarctic opening around 6000 miles wide. He argued that because of the centrifugal force of the Earth's rotation that the poles would be flattened which would cause such a gradual gradation that you would travel into the Hollow Earth without even knowing you even did it.   Eventually he refined his theory because of such ridicule and criticism. Now his theory consists of just a single hollow sphere instead of five concentric spheres. So, now that we know all about symmes and his theory, why don't we talk about what he decided to do with his theory?    What do you think, Moody? You think he created a cult so he could be ostracized? Or do you think he gave up and realized he was silly? Hate to be the bearer of bad news here but he decided to take his theory and convince the U.S. congress to fund and organize an expedition to the south pole to enter the inner earth.    Good news and bad news folks. Good news, congress back then actually had some people with heads on their shoulders as opposed to those today and they said fuck that noise and denied funding for his expedition. Hamilton, Ohio even has a monument to him and his ideas. Fuckin' Ohio. Next up on our list of “what the fuck were they thinking?” We have Jeremiah Reynolds. He also delivered lectures on the "Hollow Earth" and argued for an expedition. I guess back in those days people just up and went to the far reaches of the earth just to prove a point. Reynolds said “look what I can do” and went on an expedition to Antarctica himself but missed joining the Great U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838–1842, even though that venture was a result of his craziness, I MEAN “INTEREST”. He gained support from marine and scientific societies and, in 1828, successfully lobbied the House of Representatives to pass a resolution asking then-President John Quincy Adams to deploy a research vessel to the Pacific. The president, for his part, had first mentioned Reynolds in his November 4, 1826, diary entry, writing: “Mr Reynolds is a man who has been lecturing about the Country, in support of Captain John Cleves Symmes's theory that the Earth is a hollow Sphere, open at the Poles— His Lectures are said to have been well attended, and much approved as exhibitions of genius and of Science— But the Theory itself has been so much ridiculed, and is in truth so visionary, that Reynolds has now varied his purpose to the proposition of fitting out a voyage of circumnavigation to the Southern Ocean— He has obtained numerous signatures in Baltimore to a Memorial to Congress for this object, which he says will otherwise be very powerfully supported— It will however have no support in Congress. That day will come, but not yet nor in my time. May it be my fortune, and my praise to accelerate its approach.”  Adams' words proved prophetic. Though his administration opted to fund Reynolds' expedition, the voyage was waylaid by the 1828 presidential election, which found Adams roundly defeated by Andrew Jackson. The newly elected president canceled the expedition, leaving Reynolds to fund his trip through other sources. (The privately supported venture set sail in 1829 but ended in disaster, with the crew mutinying and leaving Reynolds' ass on shore.) Per Boston 1775, the U.S. Exploring Expedition only received the green light under the country's eighth president, Martin Van Buren. As Howard Dorre explains on his Plodding Through the Presidents blog, multiple media outlets (including Smithsonian, in an earlier version of this article) erroneously interpreted Adams' description of Reynolds' ideas as “visionary” as a sign of his support for the hollow earth theory. In fact, notes Bell in a separate Boston 1775 blog post, the term's connotations at the time were largely negative. In the words of 18th-century English writer Samuel Johnson, a visionary was “one whose imagination is disturbed.” The president, adds Dorre, only agreed to support the polar expedition “after Reynolds abandoned the hollow earth idea.”  I had always heard that he was a believer in mole people and hollow earth, turns out his words were just misinterpreted. Hmm… I wonder if there are any other books out there where the overall ideas and verbage could and have been misinterpreted causing insane amounts of disingenuous beliefs? Nah!   Though Symmes himself never wrote a book about his ideas, several authors published works discussing his ideas. McBride wrote Symmes' Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1826. It appears that Reynolds has an article that appeared as a separate booklet in 1827: Remarks of Symmes' Theory Which Appeared in the American Quarterly Review. In 1868, a professor W.F. Lyons published The Hollow Globe which put forth a Symmes-like Hollow Earth hypothesis, but failed to mention Symmes himself. Because fuck that guy, right? Symmes's son Americus then published The Symmes' Theory of Concentric Spheres in 1878 to set the record straight. I think the duel would have been a better idea. Sir John Leslie proposed a hollow Earth in his 1829 Elements of Natural Philosophy (pp. 449–53). In 1864, in Journey to the Center of the Earth, Jules Verne described a hollow Earth containing two rotating binary stars, named Pluto and Proserpine. Ok… fiction. We get it. William Fairfield Warren, in his book Paradise Found–The Cradle of the Human Race at the North Pole, (1885) presented his belief that humanity originated on a continent in the Arctic called Hyperborea. This influenced some early Hollow Earth proponents. According to Marshall Gardner, both the Eskimo and Mongolian peoples had come from the interior of the Earth through an entrance at the North Pole. I wonder if they knew that.    NEQUA or The Problem of the Ages, first serialized in a newspaper printed in Topeka, Kansas in 1900 and considered an early feminist utopian novel, mentions John Cleves Symmes' theory to explain its setting in a hollow Earth. An early 20th-century proponent of hollow Earth, William Reed, wrote Phantom of the Poles in 1906. He supported the idea of a hollow Earth, but without interior shells or inner sun. Ok, no sun. Got it. The spiritualist writer Walburga, Lady Paget in her book Colloquies with an unseen friend (1907) was an early writer to mention the hollow Earth hypothesis. She claimed that cities exist beneath a desert, which is where the people of Atlantis moved. Mmmk. Deserts and Atlantis. Check. She said an entrance to the subterranean kingdom will be discovered in the 21st century. Pretty broad brush she's painting with there. Next up we're gonna talk a little about Admiral Richard E. Byrd. According to Hollow Earth theorists, Byrd met an ancient race underground in the South Pole. According to Byrd's “diary,” the government ordered Byrd to remain silent for what he witnessed during his Arctic assignment:              March 11, 1947 “I have just attended a Staff Meeting at the Pentagon. I have stated fully my discovery and the message from the Master. All is duly recorded. The President has been advised. I am now detained for several hours (six hours, thirty- nine minutes, to be exact.) I am interviewed intently by Top Security Forces and a Medical Team. It was an ordeal!!!! I am placed under strict control via the National Security provisions of this United States of America. I am ORDERED TO REMAIN SILENT IN REGARD TO ALL THAT I HAVE LEARNED, ON THE BEHALF OF HUMANITY!!! Incredible! I am reminded that I am a Military Man and I must obey orders.” After many polar accomplishments, Byrd organized Operation Highjump in 1947. The objective: construct an American training and research facility in the South Pole. Highjump was a significant illustration of the state of the world and the cold war thinking at the time. The nuclear age had just begun, and the real fears were that the Soviet Union would attack the United States over the North Pole. The Navy had done a training exercise there in the summer of 1946 and felt it needed to do more. The northern winter was coming, and Highjump was a quickly planned exercise to move the whole thing to the South Pole. Politically, the orders were that the Navy should do all it could to establish a basis for a [land] claim in Antarctica. That was classified at the time.Now Operation High jump could probably be its own episode, or is at minimum a bonus. But we'll get some of the important details on how it pertains to this episode. Some say the American government sent their troops to the South Pole for any evidence of the rumored German Base 211. Nazis were fascinated with anything regarding the Aryan race. They traveled all over the world including Antarctica to learn more of alleged origins. The Germans did make their mark in the South Pole. However, what they have discovered doesn't compared to what Byrd recorded in his diary. the time. The nuclear age had just begun, and the real fears were that the Soviet Union would attack the United States over the North Pole. The Navy had done a training exerci but was that all it was   “For thousands of years, people all over the world have written legends about Agartha (sometimes called Agarta or Agarthi), the underground city. Agartha (sometimes Agartta, Agharti, Agarath, Agarta or Agarttha) is a legendary kingdom that is said to be located in the Earth's core. Agartha is frequently associated or confused with Shambhala which figures prominently in Vajrayana Buddhism and Tibetan Kalachakra teachings and revived in the West by Madame Blavatsky and the Theosophical Society. Theosophists in particular regard Agarthi as a vast complex of caves underneath Tibet inhabited by demi-gods, called asuras. Helena and Nicholas Roerich, whose teachings closely parallel theosophy, see Shambhala's existence as both spiritual and physical. Did Byrd find it? He claims to have met “The Master,” the city's leader, who told him of his concerns about the surface world: “Our interest rightly begins just after your Race exploded the first atomic bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. It was that alarming time we sent our flying machines, the ‘Flugelrads' to your surface world to investigate what your Race had done…You see, we have never interfered before in your Race's wars and barbarity. But now we must, for you have learned to tamper with a certain power that is not for your Man, mainly that of atomic energy. Our emissaries have already delivered messages to the power of your World, and yet they do not heed.” Apparently, the government knew about Agartha before Byrd. Marshall Gardner wrote A Journey to the Earth's Interior in 1913 and published an expanded edition in 1920. He placed an interior sun in the Earth (ah ha! The Sun's back!) and built a working model of the Hollow Earth which he actually fucking patented (U.S. Patent 1,096,102). Gardner made no mention of Reed, but did criticize Symmes for his ideas. DUEL TIME! Around the same time, Vladimir Obruchev wrote a novel titled Plutonia, in which the Hollow Earth possessed an inner Sun and was inhabited by prehistoric species. The interior was connected with the surface by an opening in the Arctic. The explorer Ferdynand Ossendowski wrote a book in 1922 titled Beasts, Men and Gods. Ossendowski said he was told about a subterranean kingdom that exists inside the Earth. It was known to Buddhists as Agharti. George Papashvily in his Anything Can Happen (1940) claimed the discovery in the Caucasus mountains of a cavern containing human skeletons "with heads as big as bushel baskets" and an ancient tunnel leading to the center of the Earth. One man entered the tunnel and never returned. This dude was a sniper with the Imperial Russian Army during World War I Moody is going to love these next examples.  Novelist Lobsang Rampa in his book The Cave of the Ancients said an underground chamber system exists beneath the Himalayas of Tibet, filled with ancient machinery, records and treasure. Michael Grumley, a cryptozoologist, has linked Bigfoot and other hominid cryptids to ancient tunnel systems underground. According to the ancient astronaut writer Peter Kolosimo a robot was seen entering a tunnel below a monastery in Mongolia. Kolosimo also claimed a light was seen from underground in Azerbaijan. Kolosimo and other ancient astronaut writers such as Robert Charroux linked these activities to DUN DUN DUNNNN….UFOs. A book by a "Dr. Raymond Bernard" which appeared in 1964, The Hollow Earth, exemplifies the idea of UFOs coming from inside the Earth, and adds the idea that the Ring Nebula proves the existence of hollow worlds, as well as speculation on the fate of Atlantis and the origin of flying saucers. An article by Martin Gardner revealed that Walter Siegmeister used the pseudonym "Bernard", but not until the 1989 publishing of Walter Kafton-Minkel's Subterranean Worlds: 100,000 Years of Dragons, Dwarfs, the Dead, Lost Races & UFOs from Inside the Earth did the full story of Bernard/Siegmeister become well-known. Holy fucking book title, Batman!   The science fiction pulp magazine Amazing Stories promoted one such idea from 1945 to 1949 as "The Shaver Mystery". The magazine's editor, Ray Palmer, ran a series of stories by Richard Sharpe Shaver, claiming that a superior pre-historic race had built a honeycomb of caves in the Earth, and that their degenerate descendants, known as "Dero", live there TO THIS DAY, using the fantastic machines abandoned by the ancient races to torment those of us living on the surface. As one characteristic of this torment, Shaver described "voices" that purportedly came from no explainable source. Thousands of readers wrote to affirm that they, too, had heard the fiendish voices from inside the Earth. The writer David Hatcher Childress authored Lost Continents and the Hollow Earth(1998) in which he reprinted the stories of Palmer and defended the Hollow Earth idea based on alleged (cough… “alleged”) tunnel systems beneath South America and Central Asia. Hollow Earth proponents have claimed a number of different locations for the entrances which lead inside the Earth. Other than the North and South poles, entrances in locations which have been cited include: Paris in France, Staffordshire in England, Montreal in Canada, Hangchow in China, and The Amazon Rain Forest.   Ok, have you two gents heard of the Concave Hollow Earth Theory? It doesn't matter, we're still going to talk about this lunacy. Instead of saying that humans live on the outside surface of a hollow planet—sometimes called a "convex" Hollow Earth hypothesis—some whackamuffins have claimed humans live on the inside surface of a hollow spherical world, so that our universe itself lies in that world's interior. This has been called the "concave" Hollow Earth hypothesis or skycentrism. Cyrus Teed, a doctor from upstate New York, proposed such a concave Hollow Earth in 1869, calling his scheme "Cellular Cosmogony". He might as well have called it Goobery Kabooblenuts. See, I can make up words, too. Anyway, Teed founded a group called the Koreshan Unity based on this notion, which he called Koreshanity. Which sounds like insanity and would make far more sense. The main colony survives as a preserved Florida state historic site, at Estero, Florida, but all of Teed's followers have now died. Probably from eating Tide Pods. Teed's followers claimed to have experimentally verified the concavity of the Earth's curvature, through surveys of the Florida coastline making use of "rectilineator" equipment. Which sounds like something you use to clean out your colon.   Several 20th-century German writers, including Peter Bender, Johannes Lang, Karl Neupert, and Fritz Braut, published works advocating the Hollow Earth hypothesis, or Hohlweltlehre. It has even been reported, although apparently without historical documentation, that Adolf Hitler was influenced by concave Hollow Earth ideas and sent an expedition in an unsuccessful attempt to spy on the British fleet by pointing infrared cameras up at the sky. Oh boy. The Egyptian mathematician Mostafa “Admiral Akbar” Abdelkader wrote several scholarly papers working out a detailed mapping of the Concave Earth model In one chapter of his book On the Wild Side (1992), Martin Gardner discusses the Hollow Earth model articulated by Abdelkader. According to Gardner, this hypothesis posits that light rays travel in circular paths, and slow as they approach the center of the spherical star-filled cavern. No energy can reach the center of the cavern, which corresponds to no point a finite distance away from Earth in the widely accepted scientific cosmology. A drill, Gardner says, would lengthen as it traveled away from the cavern and eventually pass through the "point at infinity" corresponding to the center of the Earth in the widely accepted scientific cosmology. Supposedly no experiment can distinguish between the two cosmologies. Christ, my head hurts. Gardner notes that "most mathematicians believe that an inside-out universe, with properly adjusted physical laws, is empirically irrefutable". Gardner rejects the concave Hollow Earth hypothesis on the basis of Occam's razor. Occam's razor is the problem-solving principle that "entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity", sometimes inaccurately paraphrased as "the simplest explanation is usually the best one." Purportedly verifiable hypotheses of a Concave Hollow Earth need to be distinguished from a thought experiment which defines a coordinate transformation such that the interior of the Earth becomes "exterior" and the exterior becomes "interior". (For example, in spherical coordinates, let radius r go to R2/r where R is the Earth's radius; see inversive geometry.) The transformation entails corresponding changes to the forms of physical laws. This is not a hypothesis but an illustration of the fact that any description of the physical world can be equivalently expressed in more than one way.   Contrary evidence   Seismic The picture of the structure of the Earth that has been arrived at through the study of seismic waves[52] is quite different from a fully hollow Earth. The time it takes for seismic waves to travel through and around the Earth directly contradicts a fully hollow sphere. The evidence indicates the Earth is mostly filled with solid rock (mantle and crust), liquid nickel-iron alloy (outer core), and solid nickel-iron (inner core).[53]   Gravity Main articles: Schiehallion experiment and Cavendish experiment Another set of scientific arguments against a Hollow Earth or any hollow planet comes from gravity. Massive objects tend to clump together gravitationally, creating non-hollow spherical objects such as stars and planets. The solid spheroid is the best way in which to minimize the gravitational potential energy of a rotating physical object; having hollowness is unfavorable in the energetic sense. In addition, ordinary matter is not strong enough to support a hollow shape of planetary size against the force of gravity; a planet-sized hollow shell with the known, observed thickness of the Earth's crust would not be able to achieve hydrostatic equilibrium with its own mass and would collapse.   Based upon the size of the Earth and the force of gravity on its surface, the average density of the planet Earth is 5.515 g/cm3, and typical densities of surface rocks are only half that (about 2.75 g/cm3). If any significant portion of the Earth were hollow, the average density would be much lower than that of surface rocks. The only way for Earth to have the force of gravity that it does is for much more dense material to make up a large part of the interior. Nickel-iron alloy under the conditions expected in a non-hollow Earth would have densities ranging from about 10 to 13 g/cm3, which brings the average density of Earth to its observed value.   Direct observation Drilling holes does not provide direct evidence against the hypothesis. The deepest hole drilled to date is the Kola Superdeep Borehole,[54] with a true vertical drill-depth of more than 7.5 miles (12 kilometers). However, the distance to the center of the Earth is nearly 4,000 miles (6,400 kilometers). Oil wells with longer depths are not vertical wells; the total depths quoted are measured depth (MD) or equivalently, along-hole depth (AHD) as these wells are deviated to horizontal. Their true vertical depth (TVD) is typically less than 2.5 miles (4 kilometers).   Ok, then let's discuss what actual scientists, like ALL OF THEM, believe the earth is actually composed of. The inner core This solid metal ball has a radius of 1,220 kilometers (758 miles), or about three-quarters that of the moon. It's located some 6,400 to 5,180 kilometers (4,000 to 3,220 miles) beneath Earth's surface. Extremely dense, it's made mostly of iron and nickel. The inner core spins a bit faster than the rest of the planet. It's also intensely hot: Temperatures sizzle at 5,400° Celsius (9,800° Fahrenheit). That's almost as hot as the surface of the sun. Pressures here are immense: well over 3 million times greater than on Earth's surface. Some research suggests there may also be an inner, inner core. It would likely consist almost entirely of iron.   The outer core   This part of the core is also made from iron and nickel, just in liquid form. It sits some 5,180 to 2,880 kilometers (3,220 to 1,790 miles) below the surface. Heated largely by the radioactive decay of the elements uranium and thorium, this liquid churns in huge, turbulent currents. That motion generates electrical currents. They, in turn, generate Earth's magnetic field. For reasons somehow related to the outer core, Earth's magnetic field reverses about every 200,000 to 300,000 years. Scientists are still working to understand how that happens.   The mantle   At close to 3,000 kilometers (1,865 miles) thick, this is Earth's thickest layer. It starts a mere 30 kilometers (18.6 miles) beneath the surface. Made mostly of iron, magnesium and silicon, it is dense, hot and semi-solid (think caramel candy). Like the layer below it, this one also circulates. It just does so far more slowly. Near its upper edges, somewhere between about 100 and 200 kilometers (62 to 124 miles) underground, the mantle's temperature reaches the melting point of rock. Indeed, it forms a layer of partially melted rock known as the asthenosphere (As-THEEN-oh-sfeer). Geologists believe this weak, hot, slippery part of the mantle is what Earth's tectonic plates ride upon and slide across.   Diamonds are tiny pieces of the mantle we can actually touch. Most form at depths above 200 kilometers (124 miles). But rare “super-deep” diamonds may have formed as far down as 700 kilometers (435 miles) below the surface. These crystals are then brought to the surface in volcanic rock known as kimberlite.   The mantle's outermost zone is relatively cool and rigid. It behaves more like the crust above it. Together, this uppermost part of the mantle layer and the crust are known as the lithosphere. The crust   Earth's crust is like the shell of a hard-boiled egg. It is extremely thin, cold and brittle compared to what lies below it. The crust is made of relatively light elements, especially silica, aluminum and oxygen. It's also highly variable in its thickness. Under the oceans (and Hawaiian Islands), it may be as little as 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) thick. Beneath the continents, the crust may be 30 to 70 kilometers (18.6 to 43.5 miles) thick.   Along with the upper zone of the mantle, the crust is broken into big pieces, like a gigantic jigsaw puzzle. These are known as tectonic plates. These move slowly — at just 3 to 5 centimeters (1.2 to 2 inches) per year. What drives the motion of tectonic plates is still not fully understood. It may be related to heat-driven convection currents in the mantle below. Some scientists think it's caused by the tug from slabs of crust of different densities, something called “slab pull.” In time, these plates will converge, pull apart or slide past each other. Those actions cause most earthquakes and volcanoes. It's a slow ride, but it makes for exciting times right here on Earth's surface.   https://www.imdb.com/list/ls003260126/?sort=user_rating,desc&st_dt=&mode=detail&page=1   BECOME A P.O.O.P.R.!! http://www.patreon.com/themidnighttrainpodcast   Find The Midnight Train Podcast: www.themidnighttrainpodcast.com www.facebook.com/themidnighttrainpodcast www.twitter.com/themidnighttrainpc www.instagram.com/themidnighttrainpodcast www.discord.com/themidnighttrainpodcast www.tiktok.com/themidnighttrainp   And wherever you listen to your favorite podcasts.   Subscribe to our official YouTube channel: OUR YOUTUBE   Support our sponsors www.themidnighttraintrainpodcast.com/sponsors   The Charley Project www.charleyproject.org

new york canada science japan russian china moving american mexico america german master elements man hindu smithsonian origin brazil north earth south tibet men race ireland chief congress samuel johnson english dead french italian north america kansas world gods house west theory mind england british france president south america phantom pacific batman hell hiroshima united states nazis buddhist tribe tennessee oil arizona beasts holy adams jungle cinematic ages pluto alabama baltimore north pole sun ohio natives mississippi river scientists iroquois supposedly egyptian caves bigfoot inferno dragons reynolds sphere gardner mexican cuba peru montreal latin atlantis hamilton holes navy northern lights edmund interior red river cotton antarctica memorial chupacabra lucifer beneath northern ireland grand canyon patent moody soviet union adolf hitler fahrenheit amazing stories napoleon thousands himalayas central asia rama ramayana purgatory pentagon r2 extremely dwarfs presidents incredible jesus christ inca mongolia hopi bengali md arctic ancestors remarks officer mcbride siberian heated cuzco john quincy adams thin newton bullshit bri ancients lyons shenanigans nickel mongolian shambhala martin gardner deserts ufos hanuman massive byrd drilling south pole nah druidism jules verne taino politically geologists moutier celsius lundy poles national security topeka missouri river regiment madame blavatsky staffordshire azerbaijan caucasus abdelkader middlesex ray palmer shaver shaver mystery hyperborea hawaiian islands leonhard euler mole people hollow earth theory wild side tide pods creek indians ancient greeks andrew jackson martin van buren occam fuckin nagasaki anything can happen shamballa dero ahd american revolutionary war hollow earth cedar creek nicholas roerich sir isaac newton ravana euler highjump tvd temperatures pressures medical team all of them estero americus muscogee william reed staff meeting eskimos pontos gotha human race dacian tuatha d danann natural philosophy british colonies military man tibetan buddhists county donegal mandan in native american amazon rainforest vajrayana buddhism northern florida eisenach john cleves symmes theosophists operation highjump edmund halley agartha david hatcher childress cruachan theosophical society lakshmana teed symmes colloquies
Rotoworld Football Podcast
Zero RB Check-In And Thin WR Corps: Michael Carter and More

Rotoworld Football Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2021 52:29


Patrick Daugherty (@RotoPat) and Denny Carter (@CDCarter13) check in on the state of some “zero RB” backfields, including the Jets and Bucs. They also poke around some of the league's thinnest receiver corps, hunting for potential values. To wrap the show, the duo identifies defenses that are prime targets for tight end streamers. See Privacy Policy at https://art19.com/privacy and California Privacy Notice at https://art19.com/privacy#do-not-sell-my-info.

What's Your F'n Binge?!
Our patience is wearing thin..........PT 2

What's Your F'n Binge?!

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2021 57:00


This conversation with Ben Shrewsberry of https://open.spotify.com/episode/740VuJwrPrNAm6jauOs2nV?si=x79yd2DXRQuAXmjpIew2jg&utm_source=copy-link&dl_branch=1 TWO MARKS and A SPARK comes as the preamble to our over 3 hour conversation so please follow the link above and hear it in its entirety avalable on Spotify #podcasts #podcastlife #podcasthosts #vaccines #Covid-19 #theyarelyingtous --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/christopher-rutter/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/christopher-rutter/support

Hold Up?
Just Friends

Hold Up?

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2021


Thin actors in fat suits, the FriendZone, and Ryan Reynolds as a jerk - there's a lot to unpack in our latest episode. Luckily, we are joined by Michelle & Liss from the Three Gossip Girls & Total Betty Media to help us on this journey. Follow Michelle & Liss on Twitter & Instagram. Here is the Aubrey Gordon article we reference in our conversation.

Voices About Living
Episode 111: Burnout and THIN CULTURE

Voices About Living

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2021 37:40


In this episode Valerie walks you through how “thin culture” has hijacked most of our brains and convinced us all that there is something wrong with us. This is a massive topic of burnout because it is a question of taking authority back–not allowing a nebulous entity outside of ourselves tell us that we are […]

Zone Podcasts
The Buck Reising Show 9-17-21 Hour One: Jon Reed of Fox Sports Knoxville + How Thin Is Your Patience With Heupel's Handling of the QB position?

Zone Podcasts

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 17, 2021 42:27


Jon Reed of Fox Sports Knoxville joins Buck and Lucas in hour one of the show discussing all Tennessee Vols related news including Saturday's matchup against Tennessee Tech and more. Also, Tennessee has still to name a starting quarterback against the Golden Eagles. How thin is your patience with Josh Heupel and how the QB position is being handled?

Buck Reising on 104-5 The Zone
The Buck Reising Show 9-17-21 Hour One: Jon Reed of Fox Sports Knoxville + How Thin Is Your Patience With Heupel's Handling of the QB position?

Buck Reising on 104-5 The Zone

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 17, 2021 42:27


Jon Reed of Fox Sports Knoxville joins Buck and Lucas in hour one of the show discussing all Tennessee Vols related news including Saturday's matchup against Tennessee Tech and more. Also, Tennessee has still to name a starting quarterback against the Golden Eagles. How thin is your patience with Josh Heupel and how the QB position is being handled?

The Statist Quo
Our Patience For The Feds Is Wearing Thin

The Statist Quo

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 17, 2021 92:55


Been a while since we've done a current events show, and some very important things are going on, so here it is, you degenerates.  I talk about Biden's nationally televised temper tantrum, my own thoughts on the v@x, natural immunity, and so on.  I also talk a little about 9/11, twenty years on, from a little different perspective than you're probably used to hearing on podcasts in this orbit.Thanks for listening.WebsiteFacebookTwitterPatreon

Learn French with daily podcasts
4558 - Ultra fine (Ultra-thin)

Learn French with daily podcasts

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2021 3:45


Texte: Des scientifiques disent avoir développé une peau électronique ultra fine qui peut mesurer les niveaux d'oxygène une fois attachée au corps.Traduction: Scientists say they have developed ultra-thin electronic "skin" that can measure oxygen levels when stuck to the body.

Thick & Thin
Beauty queens, murder & the mob

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2021 39:13


In this episode of Thick & Thin, we dig deeper into the life and death of Thelma Todd: a want to be teacher turned beauty queen and later into a silent film actress. However, following the night of a star-studded dinner party, Todd was found lifeless in her car — golden-haired curls still intact. Even though her death was ruled as a suicide, others have suspected something different.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1991-05-05-9102090725-story.html https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0865298/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm https://www.indiewire.com/2015/10/this-exclusive-book-excerpt-unearths-the-mysterious-dead-body-of-the-golden-age-film-star-thelma-todd-56059/ http://www.historyshomes.com/detail.cfm?id=972 https://medium.com/crimebeat/the-inexplicable-death-of-hollywood-icon-thelma-todd-c319146bd600 Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Political Gabfest
Our Patience is Wearing Thin

Political Gabfest

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2021 67:57


Emily, John and David discuss the Biden's administration's vaccine rule, the legitimacy of the Supreme Court, and the new book from Bob Woodward and Robert Costa. Here are some notes and references from this week's show: Isaac Stanley-Becker for The Washington Post: “Top General Was So Fearful Trump Might Spark War That He Made Secret Calls To His Chinese Counterpart, New Book Says” Peril, by Bob Woodward and Robert Costa  Susan B. Glasser for The New Yorker: “‘You're Gonna Have a Fucking War': Mark Milley's Fight to Stop Trump from Striking Iran” I Alone Can Fix It: Donald J. Trump's Catastrophic Final Year, by Carol Leonnig and Philip Rucker Here's this week's chatter: Emily: Georgia Wells, Jeff Horwitz and Deepa Seetharaman for The Wall Street Journal: “Facebook Knows Instagram Is Toxic for Teen Girls, Company Documents Show” John: Harlem Shuffle, by Colson Whitehead David: “College Students Reported Record-High Marijuana Use and Record-Low Drinking in 2020, Study Says” Listener chatter from James Evans: Verity Stevenson for CBC News: “In Facing Death, Concordia Neuroscientist Nadia Chaudhri Has Built a Lasting Legacy and Inspired Thousands”;  @DrNadiaChaudhri's Twitter feed For this week's Slate Plus bonus segment John, David, and Emily discuss the contentiousness of daylight saving time. If you enjoy the show, please consider signing up for Slate Plus. Slate Plus members get benefits like zero ads on any Slate podcast, bonus episodes of shows like Slow Burn and Danny Lavery's show Big Mood, Little Mood and you'll be supporting the Political Gabfest. Sign up now at slate.com/gabfestplus to help support our work. Tweet us your questions and chatters @SlateGabfest or email us at gabfest@slate.com. (Messages may be quoted by name unless the writer stipulates otherwise.) Podcast production by Jocelyn Frank. Research and show notes by Bridgette Dunlap. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Slate Daily Feed
Political: Our Patience is Wearing Thin

Slate Daily Feed

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 16, 2021 67:57


Emily, John and David discuss the Biden's administration's vaccine rule, the legitimacy of the Supreme Court, and the new book from Bob Woodward and Robert Costa. Here are some notes and references from this week's show: Isaac Stanley-Becker for The Washington Post: “Top General Was So Fearful Trump Might Spark War That He Made Secret Calls To His Chinese Counterpart, New Book Says” Peril, by Bob Woodward and Robert Costa  Susan B. Glasser for The New Yorker: “‘You're Gonna Have a Fucking War': Mark Milley's Fight to Stop Trump from Striking Iran” I Alone Can Fix It: Donald J. Trump's Catastrophic Final Year, by Carol Leonnig and Philip Rucker Here's this week's chatter: Emily: Georgia Wells, Jeff Horwitz and Deepa Seetharaman for The Wall Street Journal: “Facebook Knows Instagram Is Toxic for Teen Girls, Company Documents Show” John: Harlem Shuffle, by Colson Whitehead David: “College Students Reported Record-High Marijuana Use and Record-Low Drinking in 2020, Study Says” Listener chatter from James Evans: Verity Stevenson for CBC News: “In Facing Death, Concordia Neuroscientist Nadia Chaudhri Has Built a Lasting Legacy and Inspired Thousands”;  @DrNadiaChaudhri's Twitter feed For this week's Slate Plus bonus segment John, David, and Emily discuss the contentiousness of daylight saving time. If you enjoy the show, please consider signing up for Slate Plus. Slate Plus members get benefits like zero ads on any Slate podcast, bonus episodes of shows like Slow Burn and Danny Lavery's show Big Mood, Little Mood and you'll be supporting the Political Gabfest. Sign up now at slate.com/gabfestplus to help support our work. Tweet us your questions and chatters @SlateGabfest or email us at gabfest@slate.com. (Messages may be quoted by name unless the writer stipulates otherwise.) Podcast production by Jocelyn Frank. Research and show notes by Bridgette Dunlap. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

What's Your F'n Binge?!
Our patience is wearing thin..........PT 1

What's Your F'n Binge?!

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2021 33:06


POTUS threatens the PEOPLE of the United States! Australia tells the Un-Vacc'd " We will get you! You will feel the hate!" Ivermectin Hoax News Stories and more #podcasts #podcastlife #podcasthost #freedom #wewillnotcomply #fakenews #podcasting #truth --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/christopher-rutter/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/christopher-rutter/support

K92 Mornin' Thang
Zack's Anger Diary: Thin Crust Pizza Is Stupid

K92 Mornin' Thang

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2021 2:41


Sorry thin crust lovers, your pizza stinks!!!!

Networking Rx
The Thin Edge of The Wedge (EPS 373)

Networking Rx

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2021 15:36


Host Frank Agin uses the theoretical erection of the ancient England monument Stonehenge as a metaphor for creating big things in your network by starting with the smallest of things. For more great insight on professional relationships and business networking visit https://www.amspirit.com/blog/ or contact Frank Agin at frankagin@amspirit.com.

The Breakdown Poker Podcast with The Poker Guys

WSOP Champ John Cynn takes an ambitious line on LATB. The guys break it down. FLOP:5h Jh 2h TURN:4d RIVER: 9s Cynn:QhJd Double M:Ah4h For access to exclusive Poker Guys freerolls and other tournaments on Nitrogen Sports Poker Room, use this link to sign up: www.nitrogensports.eu/r/632610 ***Our Book is NOW AVAILABLE! Get "How Can He Fold???" here: www.thepokerguys.net

Armstrong & Getty Podcast
September 10, 2021 - Patience Wearing Thin

Armstrong & Getty Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2021 38:40


Friday's A&G features Senile Unconstitutionality, COW, Odd Theme Songs, and more. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Blue & Gold Illustrated: Notre Dame Football And Recruiting
Notre Dame‘s thin WR depth, defense‘s first outing, previewing Toledo

Blue & Gold Illustrated: Notre Dame Football And Recruiting

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2021 13:09


BlueandGold.com's Patrick Engel hopped on the radio with Darin Pritchett on WSBT Sportsbeat AM on Friday, Sept. 10. They discussed Notre Dame's wide receiver situation following Lawrence Keys III's departure and Xavier Watts position switch, receivers who might be called upon more, the offensive line, defensive coordinator Marcus Freeman's first game and more.

Armstrong and Getty
Patience Wearing Thin

Armstrong and Getty

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2021 45:44


Friday's A&G features Senile Unconstitutionality, COW, Odd Theme Songs, and more. Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com

Bet the FCS
Week 1 Reactions & A Thin Slate in Week 2

Bet the FCS

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2021 38:23


Josh Criswell, David Berry and David Graf react to a weekend of upsets and look ahead to a thin slate of FCS betting options.

Thick & Thin
An apology to my body

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 9, 2021 40:30


Let's all stop and apologize. Apologize to our current and past selves for upholding unrealistic body expectations burdened on us by societal pressure. In this episode of Thick & Thin, we decide to take a step back from the war on cellulite and learn to reevaluate our relationship with our bodies.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: https://www.greekmythologyinart.com/the-three-graces-rubens.html https://www.vice.com/en/article/785g89/cellulite-used-to-be-chill https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/what-is-cellulite-definition-fat-shaming-history https://www.thelist.com/200290/the-untold-truth-of-cellulite/ Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

The Sporkful
Being Thin Isn't A Virtue, Says Lindy West

The Sporkful

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 6, 2021 29:05


Lindy West is a leading voice of the fat acceptance movement, a position that's earned her a lot of devoted fans — and a lot of enemies. Dan sits down with Lindy, author of the best seller Shrill: Notes from a Loud Woman, at a New York City diner, where they get into the issues that fat people face when eating in public. Lindy explains why she still feels the need to buy carrots at the grocery store when she's picking up a cake, and discusses the assumptions strangers make when they see her with her “skinny, hot husband.” But it's not all serious. Dan and Lindy geek out over the best way to make sandwiches at an airport lounge, and Lindy reveals her controversial theory about Lean Cuisine pizza. // Get 500+ more great Sporkful episodes from our catalog and lots of other Stitcher goodness when you sign up for Stitcher Premium: www.StitcherPremium.com/Sporkful (promo code: SPORKFUL).

Thick & Thin
Polar opposites & coffee

Thick & Thin

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 2, 2021 40:43


Guys, I think it's time we catch up. So, let's get a bit personal. In the first half of this episode of Thick & Thin, I share stories about my current dating roster and express the varying lifestyle choices of being in your mid-to-late-twenties. While during the latter, I reveal the history of everybody's favorite source of caffeine — coffee.  // Follow me on IG: instagram.com/katybellotte // Sources: “The Story of Coffee,” a documentary directed by Liam Dale https://www.businessinsider.com/facts-about-the-coffee-industry-2011-11#fair-trade-coffee-is-still-a-small-portion-of-the-market-but-it-is-the-most-popular-fair-trade-commodity-in-the-world-10 https://www.ncausa.org/about-coffee/history-of-coffee Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices