Podcasts about Sanford

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Latest podcast episodes about Sanford

Blasphemy on SermonAudio
Christ's Words Provoke Blasphemy and Belief

Blasphemy on SermonAudio

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 5, 2022 32:00


A new MP3 sermon from Grace Chapel of Sanford is now available on SermonAudio with the following details: Title: Christ's Words Provoke Blasphemy and Belief Subtitle: Gospel of John Speaker: Mark Bigenho Broadcaster: Grace Chapel of Sanford Event: Sunday Service Date: 12/4/2022 Bible: John 10:39-42 Length: 32 min.

The Colin McEnroe Show
Long live the movie musical

The Colin McEnroe Show

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 2, 2022 50:00


The Nose is off this week. In its place: The movie musical died a long, slow death a long time ago. Right? Well, except that there's Spielberg's West Side Story. And Hamilton and In the Heights and Tick, Tick… Boom! And A Star Is Born and The Greatest Showman. And Annette and Cyrano. Oh, and Bohemian Rhapsody and Rocketman and Elvis. And Encanto. And those are just from the last five years. And I could keep going. This hour, a long look at the long-dead movie musical. Long live the movie musical. Some stuff that happened this week, give or take: Irene Cara, ‘Fame' and ‘Flashdance' Singer, Dies at 63 Ms. Cara was a child star from the Bronx who gained fame in the 1980s as a singer of pop anthems and as the star of the movie “Fame.” Christine McVie, Fleetwood Mac Singer-Songwriter, Dies at 79 The greatest film of all time: Jeanne Dielman, 23 quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles For the first time in 70 years the Sight and Sound poll has been topped by a film directed by a woman — and one that takes a consciously, radically feminist approach to cinema. Things will never be the same. Glass Onion Is Expected To Gross $15 Million In Its One-Week Theatrical Preview This Was the Worst Thanksgiving Weekend in Box-Office History. Yes, Disney's animated “Strange World” is a bomb — but without Netflix's “Glass Onion,” the weekend would have been even worse. Was ‘Glass Onion' a Success? Peeling Back the Layers on Netflix's Box Office Gambit Top Gun: Maverick Is Being Re-Released In Theaters Before Avatar Comes For The Box Office Crown Indiana Jones And The Dial Of Destiny Trailer Breakdown: Where There's A Whip, There's A Way ‘Nasty, vile, want to unsee': Mum sparks debate over multi-use of ‘family sick bowl' Social media is split Brian Robinson's BIG HAT deserves all caps because it's a BIG HAT It's BIG HAT world, and we're living in it. Cocaine Bear: the trailer for 2023's wildest film is everything and more The Elizabeth Banks-directed caper, based on a true story, looks to be exactly what the internet wants it to be The 2023 Oscars Will Televise The Presentation Of All 23 Awards Categories A teary Will Smith opens up to Trevor Noah about the ‘rage' behind his Oscar slap Nicole Kidman Receives Standing Ovation at Broadway's ‘The Music Man' After Bidding $100,000 for Hugh Jackman's Signed Hat Why has the internet invented a fake Martin Scorsese film? Thousands of Tumblr users have been making posters, soundtracks, drawings and fan fiction for a 1973 Scorsese film starring Robert De Niro — but it never existed A man won the legal right to not be ‘fun' at work after refusing to embrace ‘excessive alcoholism' and ‘promiscuity' Video games for dogs aim to help aging canine brains Aubrey Plaza Is Leveling Up—and Still Pranking Her Costars The famously deadpan Aubrey Plaza is reaching new heights with a star turn in the new season of The White Lotus and a mega Francis Ford Coppola project on the horizon. Helena Bonham Carter: Good on young men for finding middle-aged beauty sexy The London Library's first female president on why she thinks Johnny Depp has been ‘vindicated' and the ‘horrendous' treatment of JK Rowling ‘Avatar' and the Mystery of the Vanishing Blockbuster It was the highest-grossing film in history, but for years it was remembered mainly for having been forgotten. Why? Rolling Stone: The 100 Greatest TV Theme Songs of All Time From Seventies sitcoms with expository jams to modern prestige classics with experimental scores, from ‘Sanford and Son' to ‘Succession,' from ‘Match Game' to ‘Game of Thrones' Poynter: We asked, you answered: Here are your favorite journalism movies We've published our own list before, but we wanted to hear from you. Legendary Entertainment Formalizes Sony Deal After Cutting Ties With Warner Bros. Adults Are Spending Big on Toys and Stuffed Animals—for Themselves The Last Real American Dictionary Scrabble's new edition is full of delightful new words. But are there enough of them? Kylie Jenner's Humongous Christmas Tree Has Pissed Off A Lot Of People, But I'm Just Trying To Figure Out What That Potato Sack Thing Is Another day, another drama. This time about a Christmas tree. Planes, Trains and Automobiles at 35: An Oral History of One of the Most Beloved Road Movies Ever Made Starring Steve Martin and John Candy, the John Hughes road trip comedy had a nearly four-hour runtime at one point. Hear from cast, crew, and Hughes' family about the classic. ‘Wednesday' Summons Record-Breaking Debut Week On Netflix With 341.23M Hours Viewed NYC is hiring a rat czar. ‘General aura of badassery' required. GUESTS: Jeanine Basinger: Founder of the Department of Film Studies at Wesleyan University and the author of many books on film; her latest is Hollywood: The Oral History Steve Metcalf: Director of the University of Hartford's Presidents' College The Colin McEnroe Show is available as a podcast on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher, or wherever you get your podcasts. Subscribe and never miss an episode! Join the conversation on Facebook and Twitter. Colin McEnroe and Cat Pastor contributed to this show, which originally aired March 5, 2020.Support the show: http://www.wnpr.org/donateSee omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast
Business Briefing with Molly Gamble 12-2-22

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 2, 2022 6:36


In this episode, we are joined again by Molly Gamble, Vice President of Editorial at Becker's Healthcare, to discuss the challenges hospitals & health systems face while cutting costs,  Walmart losing top health exec to JPMorgan, and Sanford & Fairview announcing a merger.

Plane Crash Diaries
Episode 32 – Payne Stewart's Learjet decompression death and missing maintenance logs

Plane Crash Diaries

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 30, 2022 35:08


A listener asked me to take a closer look at the crash of a Lear jet in 1999 that was carrying golfer Payne Stewart so here we are. Of all the crashes we've looked at this has to be one of the more frustrating and needs quite a bit of sleuthing. The main reason is the NTSB still has not published a final report and probably never will. The basic facts are not in dispute – it was a case of a plane decompression at high altitude. But how it happened is another matter. So let's try and dig deep and discover what led to the death of one of the best known sportsmen in the United States. The basic story goes like this. On October 25, 1999 a Learjet 35 registration N47BA, operated by Sunjet Aviation based in Sanford, Florida departed Orlando, Florida, for Dallas, Texas, at around 0920 eastern daylight time (EDT). Radio contact with the flight was lost north of Gainesville, after air traffic control (ATC) cleared the airplane to flight level (FL) 390. The learjet was then intercepted by several U.S. Air Force and Air National Guard aircraft as it headed in a north west direction. The military pilots flew close enough to see that the windshields of the Learjet were frosted or covered with condensation. Later the airplane engines began spooling down, controlled flight was not possible, and the learjet stalled and spiralled to the ground, impacting an open field between the towns of Mila and Aberdeen in South Dakota just before 12h15 central daylight time on October 25th 1999. The NTSB scrutinised the maintenance logs and found a snag reported in February 1998 that the cabin occasionally would not hold pressure at low altitudes. Maintenance checked this on the ground but could not replicate the problem, so it wasn't fixed. IN May 1999 Sunjet maintenance personnel were checked out as part of the Phase A1-6 inspection, which included pressurization system checks. All seemed fine once more. But it wasn't. A Sunjet Aviation pilot reported to Safety Board investigators that a month later, July 22, 1999 during a flight in the very same Learjet, the pressurization system would not maintain a full pressure differential and that later the cabin altitude “started climbing well past 2,000 feet per minute” he said. When confronted by the NTSB, the Sunjet Aviation Chief pilot denied this, saying that he hadn't noticed any differential. However, a July 23, 1999, Work Order discrepancy sheet 5895 noted the following: “Discrepancy: Pressurization check and operation of system.”

Biblical Genetics
Genealogy vs Phylogeny: The War Continues

Biblical Genetics

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 29, 2022 15:35


Mutations are known to occur at much higher rates than can be accounted for in evolutionary theory. Given measurable rates, Y Chromosome Adam and Mitochondrial Eve would have lived only a few thousand years ago. To answer this, evolutionists generally appeal to natural selection or genetic drift. Yet, selection can only remove 'selectable' mutations, and most mutations are necessarily selectively neutral. Also, drift fails to do anything at all in answering the dilemma. In the end, Adam and Eve are recent and there is little anyone can say about it. Notes and links: Carter 2019 A successful decade for Mendel's Accountant Robert Carter gets everything wrong? Rupe and Sanford 2008 USING NUMERICAL SIMULATION TO BETTER UNDERSTAND FIXATION RATES, AND ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW PRINCIPLE: HALDANE'S RATCHET ReMine 2005 Cost theory and the cost of substitution—a clarification International Conference on Creationism

The Jeremiah Show
SN10|Ep519 - "Ep10" - Its Radio w/ TVs Tim Stack - Jim Stein & Dave Morgasen

The Jeremiah Show

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 29, 2022 60:00


Tim's very special guests today are...TV Writer's & Creator's - - - Jim Stein & Dave Morgasen! Jim is a longtime writer-producer with credits as far back as “Birth of a Nation”. Kidding. He did work on TV classics such as “Sanford and Son”, “The Smothers Brothers", and “Fernwood Tonight”. Follow Jim on Instagram - @jimsteinofficial Dave is a Writer-Director who made his mark in Yiddish Theater. Kidding again. But his grandfather did. Dave has many writing credits but has also been a staff director for both Jimmy Kimmel and Ellen. Follow Dave on Instagram - @ Jim and Dave met on Tim's show, “Nightstand with Dick Dietrick” and then the three of them went on together to create “Son of the Beach” as well as several movies and TV pilots.

Autism (Audio)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Autism (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

UC San Diego (Audio)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

UC San Diego (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

Health and Medicine (Audio)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Health and Medicine (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

Health and Medicine (Video)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Health and Medicine (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

Science (Audio)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Science (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

Science (Video)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Science (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

University of California Audio Podcasts (Audio)
Rescuing Phenotypes in PTHS-Derived Brain Organoids with Alysson Muotri - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

University of California Audio Podcasts (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 18:57


Alysson Muotri discusses modeling Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) using stem cells and brain organoids. He shares how rescuing TCF4 expression with CRISPR-mediated epigenetic induction of AAV vector delivery provides a gateway for targeted therapeutics for PTHS and related conditions. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38516]

Wrongful Conviction with Jason Flom
#312 Guest Host Laura Nirider with Davontae Sanford

Wrongful Conviction with Jason Flom

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2022 49:55


On September 17, 2007, two men broke into a home in Detroit, MI and fatally shot four people. 14 year old Davontae Sanford, who lived nearby, went outside in his pajamas to see the commotion. Police approached Davontae and brought him back to the station where he was interrogated for two days without a parent or guardian present. The questioning ended when Davontae falsely confessed. Despite someone else taking responsibility for the crimes, Davontae was sentenced to 37 to 90 years in prison. As Co-Director of the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law, and co-host and writer of the award-winning Lava For Good podcast, Wrongful Conviction: False Confessions, Laura represents individuals who were wrongfully convicted when they were children or teenagers. To learn more about false confessions, visit: https://lavaforgood.com/false-confessions/ Wrongful Conviction is a production of Lava for Good Podcasts in association with Signal Co. No1.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast
Thomas McGrath, Director of Planning at Joan & Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 26, 2022 19:39


In this episode Thomas McGrath, Director of Planning at Joan & Sanford I. Weill Medical College of Cornell University, shares some of his rules to lead organizations & live by - what he calls “Tom-isms”.

Masculine Journey Radio's Podcast 28min

Welcome fellow adventurers! We are back in studio this week. The topic of the show is all about the guys sharing their different experiences and memories from this year's Fall Boot Camp. The clips are from "Chariots Of Fire," "Sanford and Son," "LOTR," "Le Miserables," "Rudy," and "Shrek." The journey continues, so grab your gear and be blessed, right here on the Masculine Journey Radio Show. Be sure to check out our other podcasts, Masculine Journey After Hours and Masculine Journey Joyride.

BJJ and Brews
BJJ and Brews Episode 105: Dillon Gower

BJJ and Brews

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 26, 2022 192:19


Dillon Gower received his black belt from Paul Rodriguez and is the head coach at Cogito Jiu-Jitsu in Sanford, Florida. Chris and Dillon share beers and swap stores in this episode. --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/bjj-and-brews/support

Masculine Journey Radio's Podcast 28min
Post Boot Camp Show After Hours

Masculine Journey Radio's Podcast 28min

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 26, 2022 27:25


Welcome fellow adventurers! The sharing of stories and memories from this year's fall boot camp, continues right here on the Masculine Journey After Hours Podcast. The clips are from "Chariots Of Fire," "Sanford and Son," "LOTR," "Le Miserables," "Rudy," and "Shrek." There's no advertising or commercials, just men of God, talking and getting to the truth of the matter. The conversation and Journey continues.

RNZ: Checkpoint
Sanford scales up collagen extraction from fish skin in Marlborough

RNZ: Checkpoint

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 24, 2022 2:40


Sanford's scaling up its production of collagen extraction from fish skin in Marlborough - today opening its $20 million Bioactives Plant just south of Blenheim. The centre will create new jobs for scientists and technicians with plans to employ up to 48 people. Samantha Gee took a tour of the new facility.

100 Sanford Podcast
S2 Ep20: 100 Sanford - Public Enemies w/Special Guest Joe Hamilton

100 Sanford Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2022 88:29


It's time for Clean Old Fashion Hate, as the Georgia Bulldogs take on crosstown rival, Georgia Tech. 100 Sanford is joined by College Hall of Fame Quarterback & rambling wreck legend Joe Hamilton, to discuss history of the game and the Yellow Jackets chances against the #1 team in the nation. 

Dark Poutine - True Crime and Dark History
The Wineville Chicken Coop Murders

Dark Poutine - True Crime and Dark History

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 21, 2022 58:51


Episode 245: Between 1926 and 1928, a sinister darkness was afoot on a small chicken ranch in Wineville, California. When he was only 19, Gordon Stewart Northcott, a Canadian, had abducted, raped, tortured and murdered at least three and as many as 20 others. His victims were predominantly prepubescent boys. He sexually assaulted and released numerous others. When a portion of the truth came out, much of it was told by Northcott's nephew, 13-year-old Sanford Clark. Northcott had brought Sanford with him from Canada two years before.  Northcott viciously raped and beat Clark numerous times before tiring of him as he aged. Afterward, through fear and intimidation, Northcott coerced his nephew into assisting him in committing and covering up the murders of his victims. Even Northcott's mother, Sarah Louise Northcott, helped in some of the crimes to keep her son out of jail.  Sources: The Road Out of Hell : Flacco, Anthony : Internet Archive Nothing is Strange with You : Paul, James Jeffrey Internet Archive Cold North Killers : Canadian Serial Murder : Mellor, Lee : Internet Archive Beyond Evil by Robert Keller - Ebook | Scribd Gordon Northcott | Murderpedia, the encyclopedia of murderers 10 Notorious Serial Killers Who All Suffered Childhood Head Injuries Healdsburg Tribune 20 September 1928 — California Digital Newspaper Collection Gordon Stewart Northcott's handwritten confession, Riverside, 1928 - UCLA Library Digital Collections People v. Northcott, 209 Cal. 639 | Casetext Search + Citator Gordon Stewart Northcott Archives - Deranged LA Crimes ®Deranged LA Crimes ® Gordon Stewart Northcott (1906-1930) - Find a Grave Memorial Clark, chief witness in `20s child murders led exemplary life – Whittier Daily News The Puzzling Disappearance Of Walter Collins | BuzzFeed Unsolved Wiki | Fandom Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Bungalower and The Bus
Bungalower and The Bus - Episode 301 (Asian Lantern Festival)

Bungalower and The Bus

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 19, 2022 45:44


For the 301st episode, the boys went to check out this year's Asian Lantern Festival at Sanford's Central Florida Zoo. This week's episode was sponsored by Enzian Theater and the DeWitt Law Firm. Topics include a Florida Man who was arrested at EPCOT for being too drunk (which happens), Amazon drivers delivering during hurricanes, Orlando Police trying to return phones that were stolen during EDC, and the closing of the first (and last) Radio Shack in Orange County. Tune in to Bungalower and the Bus every week on Real Radio 104.1 FM or our podcast to learn all about the top headlines, new restaurants, and best-bet events to attend this week.

Harvard Divinity School
BMI 10th Anniversary: Monica Sanford and Charles Hallisey

Harvard Divinity School

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 32:23


This fall, Harvard Divinity School celebrated the 10th anniversary of the Buddhist Ministry Initiative (BMI). In honor of this anniversary, the community engaged in discussions of Buddhist ministry in the context of HDS. In this discussion, Dr. Monica Sanford and Dr. Charles Hallisey dialogue about the nature and practice of Buddhist ministry. This event took place on October 27, 2022 Learn more: hds.harvard.edu

100 Sanford Podcast
S2 Ep19: 100 Sanford - Georgia The New Blueprint w/Special Guest David Pollack

100 Sanford Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 17, 2022 83:23


DGD and ESPN Gameday Analyst David Pollack joins the100 Sanford podcast to discuss who Georgia is currently and for years to come. Then, the crew previews the upcoming SEC battle against the Kentucky Wildcats, while reviewing the week that was, defeating the Mississippi State Bulldogs. 

Science (Video)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Science (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

Brain Channel (Audio)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Brain Channel (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

Health and Medicine (Audio)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Health and Medicine (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

University of California Audio Podcasts (Audio)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

University of California Audio Podcasts (Audio)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

The Globe Minute
LISTEN: Sharing Seeds partnership, Sanford pursues merger, Crailsheim letter, WMS podcast, fatal crash | Nov. 16, 2022

The Globe Minute

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 5:44


Top headlines: Historical Society gala, Sharing Seeds program, Worthington City Council talks property tax abatement, area churches to can meat for Ukraine, 4-H awards, fatal crash, Sanford pursues merger, WMS podcast, winter sports, JCC football, the Drill. The Globe Minute is a product of Forum Communications, brought to you by reporters at The Globe. For more news from throughout the day, check out dglobe.com.

MPR News Update
Groups line up to oppose healthcare merger and Emmer wins #3 House GOP job

MPR News Update

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 6:09


Some groups are already lining up against a proposed merger of Fairview health system in the twin cities and Sanford health of Sioux Falls. If it is successful, it would create one of the largest health care providers in the Midwest. This is a morning update from MPR News, hosted by Cathy Wurzer. Music by Gary Meister.  

Brain Channel (Video)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Brain Channel (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

Sixth Sense Society
S4E42 -Importance of Ritual with Sean Sanford II

Sixth Sense Society

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 59:56


Episode Notes From elaborate religious rituals to simple superstitions, ritual plays an important role in our lives and society. Freemason Sean Sanford II joins us to discuss the significance of ritual in our sense of self and wellbeing. Send us your feedback online: https://pinecast.com/feedback/sixth-sense-society/087bb409-c5e5-4952-8a6e-3791db92d1b9

Minnesota Now
Reactions to merger plan of two healthcare giants, Sanford and Fairview

Minnesota Now

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 12:59


Sanford Health, based in Sioux Falls and Fairview Health Systems in Minneapolis want to join forces. Cathy Wurzer gets reactions from Cara Hetland, the Director of Radio and Journalism Content for South Dakota Public Broadcasting, and Laurie Swanson, former Minnesota Attorney General who dealt with a similar merger plan in 2013.

Health and Medicine (Video)
Modeling Neurological Conditions Using Stem Cell-Derived Neurons: ApoE and APP in Alzheimer's Disease with Thomas C. Südhof - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Health and Medicine (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 55:53


Thomas C. Südhof, M.D., Stanford University, discusses facets of the fundamental cell biology of ApoE and APP analyzed in stem cell-derived human neurons. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38405]

Greg & The Morning Buzz
SANFORD SCHOOL HOAX. 11/16

Greg & The Morning Buzz

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 16, 2022 13:19


Kayla talks to us about the incident that went down in Sanford. ( I hope the people involved in this go away for a very long time).

SDPB News
Sanford, Fairview Health announce plans to merge | Nov 15

SDPB News

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 15, 2022 8:21


Each day, SDPB brings you statewide news coverage. We then compile those stories into a daily podcast.

MPR News Update
Sanford, Fairview eye health mega merger again, after a bruising failure nearly a decade ago

MPR News Update

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 15, 2022 4:37


Sanford, Fairview eye health mega merger again, after a bruising failure nearly a decade ago, and U.S. Representative Tom Emmer wins a spot on the GOP podium in Congress. This is an evening update from MPR News, hosted by Tim Nelson. Music by Gary Meister.

Today in Health IT
Newsday: There's a Fundamental Difference between Digitization and Digital Transformation

Today in Health IT

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 14, 2022 35:27 Transcription Available


November 14, 2022: Patty Hayward, Vice President, Strategy Healthcare and Life Sciences for Talkdesk joins Bill for the news. We are in the midst of a "Great Breakup". Women leaders are demanding more and leaving their companies in unprecedented numbers to get it. Healthcare decision makers can pick from thousands of options to strike deals with digital health companies But having all these choices means the selection process must be very comprehensive. Healthcare providers and healthcare payers are struggling to respond fast to people's health experience expectations which means patient loyalty is at stake. What are the key differences between loyalty and leaving?Key Points:Women leaders are demanding more We aren't promoting as many women into management as menIn this remote work world that we live in, re-training managers is keyTalkdeskStories:We Are in the Midst of a "Great Breakup": Women Leaders Are Demanding More and Leaving Their Companies in Unprecedented Numbers to Get It - McKinseyDigital health decision makers at Sanford, Providence on vendor selection - Digital Health Business & TechnologyHealth experience: The difference between loyalty and leaving - AccentureSign up for our webinar: How to Modernize Your Data Platform in Healthcare: The Right Fit for Every Unique Health System - Wednesday December 7 2022: 1pm ET / 10am PT. Subscribe: https://www.thisweekhealth.com/subscribe/Twitter: https://twitter.com/thisweekhealthLinkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/ThisWeekHealth

The Jim Colbert Show
R.I.P Kevin Conroy

The Jim Colbert Show

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 160:44


We talk Yacht Rock, creating a JCS “gang”, and old video games. Amy Drew Thompson in studio for Prime Time Kitchen with Thanksgiving options, Black Magic Pizza, cooking red lentils, finding fresh fish and a review on Roni's in Sanford. Rich Tips with Candace from the middle of the Atlantic Ocean Rauce Thoughts being naked for a massage. Plus, WOKE News, Embers Only, Trivia & Last Call.

Cancer Buzz
Navigating Cancer Diagnostics – A Closer Look at the Role of the Precision Medicine Steward

Cancer Buzz

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 7:36


While advancements in cancer diagnostics and genomics continue to accelerate, the need to centralize and improve coordination around biomarker testing is more important than ever. Hear how precision medicine stewards are helping to bridge the gaps and challenges associated with cancer diagnostics and biomarker testing. In this episode, CANCERBUZZ speaks with Crystal Enstad, MBA, BSN, RN, OCN at Sanford Health in Sioux Falls, SD, about the role of precision medicine stewards and Sanford's experience with implementing this unique role in the multidisciplinary cancer care team. “We really needed to educate patients, educate our staff, create streamlined processes, and ensure that we were getting testing at the right time and getting those results back to the patients to make sure we were impacting patient services and patient care when it was crucial– at the time of progression and at the time when they are meeting the physician to go over what options they have next.” –Crystal Enstad, MBA, BSN, RN, OCN Crystal Enstad, MBA, BSN, RN, OCN Oncology Nurse Navigator Genomics Sanford Health Sioux Falls, SD Resources: Precision Medicine Stewardship (accc-cancer.org) Academy of Oncology Nurse & Patient Navigators 

Musicals with Cheese Podcast
BONUS: A Chat with John Sanford - Home on the Range

Musicals with Cheese Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 63:07


Jess and Andrew got the chance to sit down with John Sanford, a director, Animator, and Artist known for their work on Home on the Range, The Proud Family, Megamind, and so much more. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Health and Medicine (Video)
Stem Cell Science and the Genesis of New Therapeutic Strategies for Patients with Derrick Rossi - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Health and Medicine (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 56:12


Derrick J. Rossi, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Convelo Therapeutics has a long history of pioneering methods to make stem cell–based treatments for disease a reality. He shares stories of science making its way from the lab and into biotech with the intention of improving the lives of patients. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38404]

100 Sanford Podcast
S2 Ep18: 100 Sanford - "There's Only #1 Dawg"

100 Sanford Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 45:20


100 Sanford reviews the week that was, in Georgia regaining the nation's respect as the #1 college football team in America. Lovelace and Foster discuss the upcoming week against Mississippi State and what appears to be setting up for another SEC and National Championship run. 

Science (Video)
Stem Cell Science and the Genesis of New Therapeutic Strategies for Patients with Derrick Rossi - Sanford Stem Cell Symposium 2022

Science (Video)

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 11, 2022 56:12


Derrick J. Rossi, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Convelo Therapeutics has a long history of pioneering methods to make stem cell–based treatments for disease a reality. He shares stories of science making its way from the lab and into biotech with the intention of improving the lives of patients. Series: "Stem Cell Channel" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 38404]

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast
Jared Antczak, Chief Digital Officer at Sanford Health

Becker’s Healthcare Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 9, 2022 18:26


In this episode, we are joined by Jared Antczak, Chief Digital Officer at Sanford Health. Here, he discusses the unique perspective Sanford has as the largest rural health system in the US, leveraging technology to bring modern urban care to rural America, what parts of healthcare are prime for disruption, and more.

Business Innovators Radio
Ep. #27 – Shawn Carrington – Define Your Path with Dr. Virginia LeBlanc “DocV”, The Pivot Maestro

Business Innovators Radio

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 8, 2022 38:34


Shawn Carrington is a native of Philadelphia, PA. He is a student and servant to God, his family, and his community. He is a graduate from Columbia Southern University class of 2020 with an M.S. in Organizational Leadership and a B.S in Business Management concentrating in HumanResource Management. He completed a graduate certificate program at Southern New Hampshire University, 2018 on Leadership of Non-Profit Organizations. He also graduated from Lee Senior High School Class of 1990 in Sanford, NC.Shawn has held numerous leadership positions throughout his 24-year military career, enlisting in the United States Army (USA) on May 27th, 1992, and retiring as a Sergeant First Class (SFC) from the United States Army on June 1st, 2016. He attended basic training at Fort Jackson,SC and advanced individual training at Fort Belvoir, VA.Currently, Shawn owns and operates two Limited Liability Companies (LLCs). His global brand is “MrShawnBiz.” SDot, LLC created in 2012, is a Real Estate Investment, Asset Management company, and SDotBiz Connections, LLC was formed in 2016 as a Strategic Leadership Consulting Company. Shawn is also the National Commander for NAMVETS, a 501c3 veteran service organization assisting veterans worldwide.Connect with Shawn Carrington: www.mrshawnbiz.comDr. Virginia LeBlanc “DocV”, The Pivot MaestroDr. Virginia LeBlanc (DocV) is a highly sought multi‐disciplinary expert and global thought leader delivering value across industries world‐wide sharing key ingredients to successfully pivot through transition gaps, earning her the nickname “THE Pivot Maestro.” Her work leading major change initiative with Joint Forces commands at the Pentagon, Department of the Navy, Booz Allen Hamilton, Indiana University, and the National Pan‐Hellenic Council birthed her passion in personal wellness and transformation through transition founding Defining Paths (DP)—not only a company but a heart‐centered, socially conscious movement and network for thought leaders, change makers, legacy builders, and purposed entrepreneurs—healing, rebuilding, and transforming lives and businesses from the inside out.A Holistic Coach, particularly serving retiring military and women leaders in career‐life transition, DocV specializes in putting YOU back in business guiding clients through next steps facing fears, connecting the dots, and thinking without a box while to live inspired with a “be your own boss” mind‐set.Dr. LeBlanc is the international bestselling author of Love the Skin YOU'RE In: How to Conquer Life Through Divergent Thinking, her autobiographical love‐letter to “Society” on socio‐cultural conditioning and how she overcame to define her path.Learn more at https://linktr.ee/definingpaths.Define Your Pathhttps://businessinnovatorsradio.com/define-your-path/Source: https://businessinnovatorsradio.com/ep-27-shawn-carrington-define-your-path-with-dr-virginia-leblanc-docv-the-pivot-maestro

A History Of Rock Music in Five Hundred Songs
Episode 157: “See Emily Play” by The Pink Floyd

A History Of Rock Music in Five Hundred Songs

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 8, 2022


Episode one hundred and fifty-seven of A History of Rock Music in Five Hundred Songs looks at “See Emily Play", the birth of the UK underground, and the career of Roger Barrett, known as Syd. Click the full post to read liner notes, links to more information, and a transcript of the episode. Patreon backers also have a twenty-five-minute bonus episode available, on "First Girl I Loved" by the Incredible String Band. Tilt Araiza has assisted invaluably by doing a first-pass edit, and will hopefully be doing so from now on. Check out Tilt's irregular podcasts at http://www.podnose.com/jaffa-cakes-for-proust and http://sitcomclub.com/ Resources No Mixcloud this time, due to the number of Pink Floyd songs. I referred to two biographies of Barrett in this episode -- A Very Irregular Head by Rob Chapman is the one I would recommend, and the one whose narrative I have largely followed. Some of the information has been superseded by newer discoveries, but Chapman is almost unique in people writing about Barrett in that he actually seems to care about the facts and try to get things right rather than make up something more interesting. Crazy Diamond by Mike Watkinson and Pete Anderson is much less reliable, but does have quite a few interview quotes that aren't duplicated by Chapman. Information about Joe Boyd comes from Boyd's book White Bicycles. In this and future episodes on Pink Floyd I'm also relying on Nick Mason's Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd and Pink Floyd: All the Songs by Jean-Michel Guesdon and Philippe Margotin. The compilation Relics contains many of the most important tracks from Barrett's time with Pink Floyd, while Piper at the Gates of Dawn is his one full album with them. Those who want a fuller history of his time with the group will want to get Piper and also the box set Cambridge St/ation 1965-1967. Barrett only released two solo albums during his career. They're available as a bundle here. Completists will also want the rarities and outtakes collection Opel.  ERRATA: I talk about “Interstellar Overdrive” as if Barrett wrote it solo. The song is credited to all four members, but it was Barrett who came up with the riff I talk about. And annoyingly, given the lengths I went to to deal correctly with Barrett's name, I repeatedly refer to "Dave" Gilmour, when Gilmour prefers David. Patreon This podcast is brought to you by the generosity of my backers on Patreon. Why not join them? Transcript A note before I begin -- this episode deals with drug use and mental illness, so anyone who might be upset by those subjects might want to skip this one. But also, there's a rather unique problem in how I deal with the name of the main artist in the story today. The man everyone knows as Syd Barrett was born Roger Barrett, used that name with his family for his whole life, and in later years very strongly disliked being called "Syd", yet everyone other than his family called him that at all times until he left the music industry, and that's the name that appears on record labels, including his solo albums. I don't believe it's right to refer to people by names they choose not to go by themselves, but the name Barrett went by throughout his brief period in the public eye was different from the one he went by later, and by all accounts he was actually distressed by its use in later years. So what I'm going to do in this episode is refer to him as "Roger Barrett" when a full name is necessary for disambiguation or just "Barrett" otherwise, but I'll leave any quotes from other people referring to "Syd" as they were originally phrased. In future episodes on Pink Floyd, I'll refer to him just as Barrett, but in episodes where I discuss his influence on other artists, I will probably have to use "Syd Barrett" because otherwise people who haven't listened to this episode won't know what on Earth I'm talking about. Anyway, on with the show. “It's gone!” sighed the Rat, sinking back in his seat again. “So beautiful and strange and new. Since it was to end so soon, I almost wish I had never heard it. For it has roused a longing in me that is pain, and nothing seems worth while but just to hear that sound once more and go on listening to it for ever. No! There it is again!” he cried, alert once more. Entranced, he was silent for a long space, spellbound. “Now it passes on and I begin to lose it,” he said presently. “O Mole! the beauty of it! The merry bubble and joy, the thin, clear, happy call of the distant piping! Such music I never dreamed of, and the call in it is stronger even than the music is sweet! Row on, Mole, row! For the music and the call must be for us.” That's a quote from a chapter titled "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn" from the classic children's book The Wind in the Willows -- a book which for most of its length is a fairly straightforward story about anthropomorphic animals having jovial adventures, but which in that one chapter has Rat and Mole suddenly encounter the Great God Pan and have a hallucinatory, transcendental experience caused by his music, one so extreme it's wiped from their minds, as they simply cannot process it. The book, and the chapter, was a favourite of Roger Barrett, a young child born in Cambridge in 1946. Barrett came from an intellectual but not especially bookish family. His father, Dr. Arthur Barrett, was a pathologist -- there's a room in Addenbrooke's Hospital named after him -- but he was also an avid watercolour painter, a world-leading authority on fungi, and a member of the Cambridge Philharmonic Society who was apparently an extraordinarily good singer; while his mother Winifred was a stay-at-home mother who was nonetheless very active in the community, organising a local Girl Guide troupe. They never particularly encouraged their family to read, but young Roger did particularly enjoy the more pastoral end of the children's literature of the time. As well as the Wind in the Willows he also loved Alice in Wonderland, and the Little Grey Men books -- a series of stories about tiny gnomes and their adventures in the countryside. But his two big passions were music and painting. He got his first ukulele at age eleven, and by the time his father died, just before Roger's sixteenth birthday, he had graduated to playing a full-sized guitar. At the time his musical tastes were largely the same as those of any other British teenager -- he liked Chubby Checker, for example -- though he did have a tendency to prefer the quirkier end of things, and some of the first songs he tried to play on the guitar were those of Joe Brown: [Excerpt: Joe Brown, "I'm Henry VIII I Am"] Barrett grew up in Cambridge, and for those who don't know it, Cambridge is an incubator of a very particular kind of eccentricity. The university tends to attract rather unworldly intellectual overachievers to the city -- people who might not be able to survive in many other situations but who can thrive in that one -- and every description of Barrett's father suggests he was such a person -- Barrett's sister Rosemary has said that she believes that most of the family were autistic, though whether this is a belief based on popular media portrayals or a deeper understanding I don't know. But certainly Cambridge is full of eccentric people with remarkable achievements, and such people tend to have children with a certain type of personality, who try simultaneously to live up to and rebel against expectations of greatness that come from having parents who are regarded as great, and to do so with rather less awareness of social norms than the typical rebel has. In the case of Roger Barrett, he, like so many others of his generation, was encouraged to go into the sciences -- as indeed his father had, both in his career as a pathologist and in his avocation as a mycologist. The fifties and sixties were a time, much like today, when what we now refer to as the STEM subjects were regarded as new and exciting and modern. But rather than following in his father's professional footsteps, Roger Barrett instead followed his hobbies. Dr. Barrett was a painter and musician in his spare time, and Roger was to turn to those things to earn his living. For much of his teens, it seemed that art would be the direction he would go in. He was, everyone agrees, a hugely talented painter, and he was particularly noted for his mastery of colours. But he was also becoming more and more interested in R&B music, especially the music of Bo Diddley, who became his new biggest influence: [Excerpt: Bo Diddley, "Who Do You Love?"] He would often spend hours with his friend Dave Gilmour, a much more advanced guitarist, trying to learn blues riffs. By this point Barrett had already received the nickname "Syd". Depending on which story you believe, he either got it when he started attending a jazz club where an elderly jazzer named Sid Barrett played, and the people were amused that their youngest attendee, like one of the oldest, was called Barrett; or, more plausibly, he turned up to a Scout meeting once wearing a flat cap rather than the normal scout beret, and he got nicknamed "Sid" because it made him look working-class and "Sid" was a working-class sort of name. In 1962, by the time he was sixteen, Barrett joined a short-lived group called Geoff Mott and the Mottoes, on rhythm guitar. The group's lead singer, Geoff Mottlow, would go on to join a band called the Boston Crabs who would have a minor hit in 1965 with a version of the Coasters song "Down in Mexico": [Excerpt: The Boston Crabs, "Down in Mexico"] The bass player from the Mottoes, Tony Sainty, and the drummer Clive Welham, would go on to form another band, The Jokers Wild, with Barrett's friend Dave Gilmour. Barrett also briefly joined another band, Those Without, but his time with them was similarly brief. Some sources -- though ones I consider generally less reliable -- say that the Mottoes' bass player wasn't Tony Sainty, but was Roger Waters, the son of one of Barrett's teachers, and that one of the reasons the band split up was that Waters had moved down to London to study architecture. I don't think that's the case, but it's definitely true that Barrett knew Waters, and when he moved to London himself the next year to go to Camberwell Art College, he moved into a house where Waters was already living. Two previous tenants at the same house, Nick Mason and Richard Wright, had formed a loose band with Waters and various other amateur musicians like Keith Noble, Shelagh Noble, and Clive Metcalfe. That band was sometimes known as the Screaming Abdabs, The Megadeaths, or The Tea Set -- the latter as a sly reference to slang terms for cannabis -- but was mostly known at first as Sigma 6, named after a manifesto by the novelist Alexander Trocchi for a kind of spontaneous university. They were also sometimes known as Leonard's Lodgers, after the landlord of the home that Barrett was moving into, Mike Leonard, who would occasionally sit in on organ and would later, as the band became more of a coherent unit, act as a roadie and put on light shows behind them -- Leonard was himself very interested in avant-garde and experimental art, and it was his idea to play around with the group's lighting. By the time Barrett moved in with Waters in 1964, the group had settled on the Tea Set name, and consisted of Waters on bass, Mason on drums, Wright on keyboards, singer Chris Dennis, and guitarist Rado Klose. Of the group, Klose was the only one who was a skilled musician -- he was a very good jazz guitarist, while the other members were barely adequate. By this time Barrett's musical interests were expanding to include folk music -- his girlfriend at the time talked later about him taking her to see Bob Dylan on his first UK tour and thinking "My first reaction was seeing all these people like Syd. It was almost as if every town had sent one Syd Barrett there. It was my first time seeing people like him." But the music he was most into was the blues. And as the Tea Set were turning into a blues band, he joined them. He even had a name for the new band that would make them more bluesy. He'd read the back of a record cover which had named two extremely obscure blues musicians -- musicians he may never even have heard. Pink Anderson: [Excerpt: Pink Anderson, "Boll Weevil"] And Floyd Council: [Excerpt: Floyd Council, "Runaway Man Blues"] Barrett suggested that they put together the names of the two bluesmen, and presumably because "Anderson Council" didn't have quite the right ring, they went for The Pink Floyd -- though for a while yet they would sometimes still perform as The Tea Set, and they were sometimes also called The Pink Floyd Sound. Dennis left soon after Barrett joined, and the new five-piece Pink Floyd Sound started trying to get more gigs. They auditioned for Ready Steady Go! and were turned down, but did get some decent support slots, including for a band called the Tridents: [Excerpt: The Tridents, "Tiger in Your Tank"] The members of the group were particularly impressed by the Tridents' guitarist and the way he altered his sound using feedback -- Barrett even sent a letter to his girlfriend with a drawing of the guitarist, one Jeff Beck, raving about how good he was. At this point, the group were mostly performing cover versions, but they did have a handful of originals, and it was these they recorded in their first demo sessions in late 1964 and early 1965. They included "Walk With Me Sydney", a song written by Roger Waters as a parody of "Work With Me Annie" and "Dance With Me Henry" -- and, given the lyrics, possibly also Hank Ballard's follow-up "Henry's Got Flat Feet (Can't Dance No More) and featuring Rick Wright's then-wife Juliette Gale as Etta James to Barrett's Richard Berry: [Excerpt: The Tea Set, "Walk With Me Sydney"] And four songs by Barrett, including one called "Double-O Bo" which was a Bo Diddley rip-off, and "Butterfly", the most interesting of these early recordings: [Excerpt: The Tea Set, "Butterfly"] At this point, Barrett was very unsure of his own vocal abilities, and wrote a letter to his girlfriend saying "Emo says why don't I give up 'cos it sounds horrible, and I would but I can't get Fred to join because he's got a group (p'raps you knew!) so I still have to sing." "Fred" was a nickname for his old friend Dave Gilmour, who was playing in his own band, Joker's Wild, at this point. Summer 1965 saw two important events in the life of the group. The first was that Barrett took LSD for the first time. The rest of the group weren't interested in trying it, and would indeed generally be one of the more sober bands in the rock business, despite the reputation their music got. The other members would for the most part try acid once or twice, around late 1966, but generally steer clear of it. Barrett, by contrast, took it on a very regular basis, and it would influence all the work he did from that point on. The other event was that Rado Klose left the group. Klose was the only really proficient musician in the group, but he had very different tastes to the other members, preferring to play jazz to R&B and pop, and he was also falling behind in his university studies, and decided to put that ahead of remaining in the band. This meant that the group members had to radically rethink the way they were making music. They couldn't rely on instrumental proficiency, so they had to rely on ideas. One of the things they started to do was use echo. They got primitive echo devices and put both Barrett's guitar and Wright's keyboard through them, allowing them to create new sounds that hadn't been heard on stage before. But they were still mostly doing the same Slim Harpo and Bo Diddley numbers everyone else was doing, and weren't able to be particularly interesting while playing them. But for a while they carried on doing the normal gigs, like a birthday party they played in late 1965, where on the same bill was a young American folk singer named Paul Simon, and Joker's Wild, the band Dave Gilmour was in, who backed Simon on a version of "Johnny B. Goode". A couple of weeks after that party, Joker's Wild went into the studio to record their only privately-pressed five-song record, of them performing recent hits: [Excerpt: Joker's Wild, "Walk Like a Man"] But The Pink Floyd Sound weren't as musically tight as Joker's Wild, and they couldn't make a living as a cover band even if they wanted to. They had to do something different. Inspiration then came from a very unexpected source. I mentioned earlier that one of the names the group had been performing under had been inspired by a manifesto for a spontaneous university by the writer Alexander Trocchi. Trocchi's ideas had actually been put into practice by an organisation calling itself the London Free School, based in Notting Hill. The London Free School was an interesting mixture of people from what was then known as the New Left, but who were already rapidly aging, the people who had been the cornerstone of radical campaigning in the late fifties and early sixties, who had run the Aldermaston marches against nuclear weapons and so on, and a new breed of countercultural people who in a year or two would be defined as hippies but at the time were not so easy to pigeonhole. These people were mostly politically radical but very privileged people -- one of the founder members of the London Free School was Peter Jenner, who was the son of a vicar and the grandson of a Labour MP -- and they were trying to put their radical ideas into practice. The London Free School was meant to be a collective of people who would help each other and themselves, and who would educate each other. You'd go to the collective wanting to learn how to do something, whether that's how to improve the housing in your area or navigate some particularly difficult piece of bureaucracy, or how to play a musical instrument, and someone who had that skill would teach you how to do it, while you hopefully taught them something else of value. The London Free School, like all such utopian schemes, ended up falling apart, but it had a wider cultural impact than most such schemes. Britain's first underground newspaper, the International Times, was put together by people involved in the Free School, and the annual Notting Hill Carnival, which is now one of the biggest outdoor events in Britain every year with a million attendees, came from the merger of outdoor events organised by the Free School with older community events. A group of musicians called AMM was associated with many of the people involved in the Free School. AMM performed totally improvised music, with no structure and no normal sense of melody and harmony: [Excerpt: AMM, "What Is There In Uselesness To Cause You Distress?"] Keith Rowe, the guitarist in AMM, wanted to find his own technique uninfluenced by American jazz guitarists, and thought of that in terms that appealed very strongly to the painterly Barrett, saying "For the Americans to develop an American school of painting, they somehow had to ditch or lose European easel painting techniques. They had to make a break with the past. What did that possibly mean if you were a jazz guitar player? For me, symbolically, it was Pollock laying the canvas on the floor, which immediately abandons European easel technique. I could see that by laying the canvas down, it became inappropriate to apply easel techniques. I thought if I did that with a guitar, I would just lose all those techniques, because they would be physically impossible to do." Rowe's technique-free technique inspired Barrett to make similar noises with his guitar, and to think less in terms of melody and harmony than pure sound. AMM's first record came out in 1966. Four of the Free School people decided to put together their own record label, DNA, and they got an agreement with Elektra Records to distribute its first release -- Joe Boyd, the head of Elektra in the UK, was another London Free School member, and someone who had plenty of experience with disruptive art already, having been on the sound engineering team at the Newport Folk Festival when Dylan went electric. AMM went into the studio and recorded AMMMusic: [Excerpt: AMM, "What Is There In Uselesness To Cause You Distress?"] After that came out, though, Peter Jenner, one of the people who'd started the label, came to a realisation. He said later "We'd made this one record with AMM. Great record, very seminal, seriously avant-garde, but I'd started adding up and I'd worked out that the deal we had, we got two percent of retail, out of which we, the label, had to pay for recording costs and pay ourselves. I came to the conclusion that we were going to have to sell a hell of a lot of records just to pay the recording costs, let alone pay ourselves any money and build a label, so I realised we had to have a pop band because pop bands sold a lot of records. It was as simple as that and I was as naive as that." Jenner abandoned DNA records for the moment, and he and his friend Andrew King decided they were going to become pop managers. and they found The Pink Floyd Sound playing at an event at the Marquee, one of a series of events that were variously known as Spontaneous Underground and The Trip. Other participants in those events included Soft Machine; Mose Allison; Donovan, performing improvised songs backed by sitar players; Graham Bond; a performer who played Bach pieces while backed by African drummers; and The Poison Bellows, a poetry duo consisting of Spike Hawkins and Johnny Byrne, who may of all of these performers be the one who other than Pink Floyd themselves has had the most cultural impact in the UK -- after writing the exploitation novel Groupie and co-writing a film adaptation of Spike Milligan's war memoirs, Byrne became a TV screenwriter, writing many episodes of Space: 1999 and Doctor Who before creating the long-running TV series Heartbeat. Jenner and King decided they wanted to sign The Pink Floyd Sound and make records with them, and the group agreed -- but only after their summer holidays. They were all still students, and so they dispersed during the summer. Waters and Wright went on holiday to Greece, where they tried acid for the first of only a small number of occasions and were unimpressed, while Mason went on a trip round America by Greyhound bus. Barrett, meanwhile, stayed behind, and started writing more songs, encouraged by Jenner, who insisted that the band needed to stop relying on blues covers and come up with their own material, and who saw Barrett as the focus of the group. Jenner later described them as "Four not terribly competent musicians who managed between them to create something that was extraordinary. Syd was the main creative drive behind the band - he was the singer and lead guitarist. Roger couldn't tune his bass because he was tone deaf, it had to be tuned by Rick. Rick could write a bit of a tune and Roger could knock out a couple of words if necessary. 'Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun' was the first song Roger ever wrote, and he only did it because Syd encouraged everyone to write. Syd was very hesitant about his writing, but when he produced these great songs everyone else thought 'Well, it must be easy'" Of course, we know this isn't quite true -- Waters had written "Walk with me Sydney" -- but it is definitely the case that everyone involved thought of Barrett as the main creative force in the group, and that he was the one that Jenner was encouraging to write new material. After the summer holidays, the group reconvened, and one of their first actions was to play a benefit for the London Free School. Jenner said later "Andrew King and myself were both vicars' sons, and we knew that when you want to raise money for the parish you have to have a social. So in a very old-fashioned way we said 'let's put on a social'. Like in the Just William books, like a whist drive. We thought 'You can't have a whist drive. That's not cool. Let's have a band. That would be cool.' And the only band we knew was the band I was starting to get involved with." After a couple of these events went well, Joe Boyd suggested that they make those events a regular club night, and the UFO Club was born. Jenner and King started working on the light shows for the group, and then bringing in other people, and the light show became an integral part of the group's mystique -- rather than standing in a spotlight as other groups would, they worked in shadows, with distorted kaleidoscopic lights playing on them, distancing themselves from the audience. The highlight of their sets was a long piece called "Interstellar Overdrive", and this became one of the group's first professional recordings, when they went into the studio with Joe Boyd to record it for the soundtrack of a film titled Tonite Let's All Make Love in London. There are conflicting stories about the inspiration for the main riff for "Interstellar Overdrive". One apparent source is the riff from Love's version of the Bacharach and David song "My Little Red Book". Depending on who you ask, either Barrett was obsessed with Love's first album and copied the riff, or Peter Jenner tried to hum him the riff and Barrett copied what Jenner was humming: [Excerpt: Love, "My Little Red Book"] More prosaically, Roger Waters has always claimed that the main inspiration was from "Old Ned", Ron Grainer's theme tune for the sitcom Steptoe and Son (which for American listeners was remade over there as Sanford and Son): [Excerpt: Ron Grainer, "Old Ned"] Of course it's entirely possible, and even likely, that Barrett was inspired by both, and if so that would neatly sum up the whole range of Pink Floyd's influences at this point. "My Little Red Book" was a cover by an American garage-psych/folk-rock band of a hit by Manfred Mann, a group who were best known for pop singles but were also serious blues and jazz musicians, while Steptoe and Son was a whimsical but dark and very English sitcom about a way of life that was slowly disappearing. And you can definitely hear both influences in the main riff of the track they recorded with Boyd: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "Interstellar Overdrive"] "Interstellar Overdrive" was one of two types of song that The Pink Floyd were performing at this time -- a long, extended, instrumental psychedelic excuse for freaky sounds, inspired by things like the second disc of Freak Out! by the Mothers of Invention. When they went into the studio again with Boyd later in January 1967, to record what they hoped would be their first single, they recorded two of the other kind of songs -- whimsical story songs inspired equally by the incidents of everyday life and by children's literature. What became the B-side, "Candy and a Currant Bun", was based around the riff from "Smokestack Lightnin'" by Howlin' Wolf: [Excerpt: Howlin' Wolf, "Smokestack Lightnin'"] That song had become a favourite on the British blues scene, and was thus the inspiration for many songs of the type that get called "quintessentially English". Ray Davies, who was in many ways the major songwriter at this time who was closest to Barrett stylistically, would a year later use the riff for the Kinks song "Last of the Steam-Powered Trains", but in this case Barrett had originally written a song titled "Let's Roll Another One", about sexual longing and cannabis. The lyrics were hastily rewritten in the studio to remove the controversial drug references-- and supposedly this caused some conflict between Barrett and Waters, with Waters pushing for the change, while Barrett argued against it, though like many of the stories from this period this sounds like the kind of thing that gets said by people wanting to push particular images of both men. Either way, the lyric was changed to be about sweet treats rather than drugs, though the lascivious elements remained in. And some people even argue that there was another lyric change -- where Barrett sings "walk with me", there's a slight "f" sound in his vocal. As someone who does a lot of microphone work myself, it sounds to me like just one of those things that happens while recording, but a lot of people are very insistent that Barrett is deliberately singing a different word altogether: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "Candy and a Currant Bun"] The A-side, meanwhile, was inspired by real life. Both Barrett and Waters had mothers who used  to take in female lodgers, and both had regularly had their lodgers' underwear stolen from washing lines. While they didn't know anything else about the thief, he became in Barrett's imagination a man who liked to dress up in the clothing after he stole it: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "Arnold Layne"] After recording the two tracks with Joe Boyd, the natural assumption was that the record would be put out on Elektra, the label which Boyd worked for in the UK, but Jac Holzman, the head of Elektra records, wasn't interested, and so a bidding war began for the single, as by this point the group were the hottest thing in London. For a while it looked like they were going to sign to Track Records, the label owned by the Who's management, but in the end EMI won out. Right as they signed, the News of the World was doing a whole series of articles about pop stars and their drug use, and the last of the articles talked about The Pink Floyd and their association with LSD, even though they hadn't released a record yet. EMI had to put out a press release saying that the group were not psychedelic, insisting"The Pink Floyd are not trying to create hallucinatory effects in their audience." It was only after getting signed that the group became full-time professionals. Waters had by this point graduated from university and was working as a trainee architect, and quit his job to become a pop star. Wright dropped out of university, but Mason and Barrett took sabbaticals. Barrett in particular seems to have seen this very much as a temporary thing, talking about how he was making so much money it would be foolish not to take the opportunity while it lasted, but how he was going to resume his studies in a year. "Arnold Layne" made the top twenty, and it would have gone higher had the pirate radio station Radio London, at the time the single most popular radio station when it came to pop music, not banned the track because of its sexual content. However, it would be the only single Joe Boyd would work on with the group. EMI insisted on only using in-house producers, and so while Joe Boyd would go on to a great career as a producer, and we'll see him again, he was replaced with Norman Smith. Smith had been the chief engineer on the Beatles records up to Rubber Soul, after which he'd been promoted to being a producer in his own right, and Geoff Emerick had taken over. He also had aspirations to pop stardom himself, and a few years later would have a transatlantic hit with "Oh Babe, What Would You Say?" under the name Hurricane Smith: [Excerpt: Hurricane Smith, "Oh Babe, What Would You Say?"] Smith's production of the group would prove controversial among some of the group's longtime fans, who thought that he did too much to curtail their more experimental side, as he would try to get the group to record songs that were more structured and more commercial, and would cut down their improvisations into a more manageable form. Others, notably Peter Jenner, thought that Smith was the perfect producer for the group. They started work on their first album, which was mostly recorded in studio three of Abbey Road, while the Beatles were just finishing off work on Sgt Pepper in studio two. The album was titled The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, after the chapter from The Wind in the Willows, and other than a few extended instrumental showcases, most of the album was made up of short, whimsical, songs by Barrett that were strongly infused with imagery from late-Victorian and Edwardian children's books. This is one of the big differences between the British and American psychedelic scenes. Both the British and American undergrounds were made up of the same type of people -- a mixture of older radical activists, often Communists, who had come up in Britain in the Ban the Bomb campaigns and in America in the Civil Rights movement; and younger people, usually middle-class students with radical politics from a privileged background, who were into experimenting with drugs and alternative lifestyles. But the  social situations were different. In America, the younger members of the underground were angry and scared, as their principal interest was in stopping the war in Vietnam in which so many of them were being killed. And the music of the older generation of the underground, the Civil Rights activists, was shot through with influence from the blues, gospel, and American folk music, with a strong Black influence. So that's what the American psychedelic groups played, for the most part, very bluesy, very angry, music, By contrast, the British younger generation of hippies were not being drafted to go to war, and mostly had little to complain about, other than a feeling of being stifled by their parents' generation's expectations. And while most of them were influenced by the blues, that wasn't the music that had been popular among the older underground people, who had either been listening to experimental European art music or had been influenced by Ewan MacColl and his associates into listening instead to traditional old English ballads, things like the story of Tam Lin or Thomas the Rhymer, where someone is spirited away to the land of the fairies: [Excerpt: Ewan MacColl, "Thomas the Rhymer"] As a result, most British musicians, when exposed to the culture of the underground over here, created music that looked back to an idealised childhood of their grandparents' generation, songs that were nostalgic for a past just before the one they could remember (as opposed to their own childhoods, which had taken place in war or the immediate aftermath of it, dominated by poverty, rationing, and bomb sites (though of course Barrett's childhood in Cambridge had been far closer to this mythic idyll than those of his contemporaries from Liverpool, Birmingham, Newcastle, or London). So almost every British musician who was making music that might be called psychedelic was writing songs that were influenced both by experimental art music and by pre-War popular song, and which conjured up images from older children's books. Most notably of course at this point the Beatles were recording songs like "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "Penny Lane" about places from their childhood, and taking lyrical inspiration from Victorian circus posters and the works of Lewis Carroll, but Barrett was similarly inspired. One of the books he loved most as a child was "The Little Grey Men" by BB, a penname for Denys Watkins-Pitchford. The book told the story of three gnomes,  Baldmoney, Sneezewort, and Dodder, and their adventures on a boat when the fourth member of their little group, Cloudberry, who's a bit of a rebellious loner and more adventurous than the other three, goes exploring on his own and they have to go off and find him. Barrett's song "The Gnome" doesn't use any precise details from the book, but its combination of whimsy about a gnome named Grimble-gromble and a reverence for nature is very much in the mould of BB's work: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "The Gnome"] Another huge influence on Barrett was Hillaire Belloc. Belloc is someone who is not read much any more, as sadly he is mostly known for the intense antisemitism in some of his writing, which stains it just as so much of early twentieth-century literature is stained, but he was one of the most influential writers of the early part of the twentieth century. Like his friend GK Chesterton he was simultaneously an author of Catholic apologia and a political campaigner -- he was a Liberal MP for a few years, and a strong advocate of an economic system known as Distributism, and had a peculiar mixture of very progressive and extremely reactionary ideas which resonated with a lot of the atmosphere in the British underground of the time, even though he would likely have profoundly disapproved of them. But Belloc wrote in a variety of styles, including poems for children, which are the works of his that have aged the best, and were a huge influence on later children's writers like Roald Dahl with their gleeful comic cruelty. Barrett's "Matilda Mother" had lyrics that were, other than the chorus where Barrett begs his mother to read him more of the story, taken verbatim from three poems from Belloc's Cautionary Tales for Children -- "Jim, Who Ran away from his Nurse, and was Eaten by a Lion", "Henry King (Who chewed bits of String, and was cut off in Dreadful Agonies)", and "Matilda (Who Told Lies and Was Burned to Death)" -- the titles of those give some idea of the kind of thing Belloc would write: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "Matilda Mother (early version)"] Sadly for Barrett, Belloc's estate refused to allow permission for his poems to be used, and so he had to rework the lyrics, writing new fairy-tale lyrics for the finished version. Other sources of inspiration for lyrics came from books like the I Ching, which Barrett used for "Chapter 24", having bought a copy from the Indica Bookshop, the same place that John Lennon had bought The Psychedelic Experience, and there's been some suggestion that he was deliberately trying to copy Lennon in taking lyrical ideas from a book of ancient mystic wisdom. During the recording of Piper at the Gates of Dawn, the group continued playing live. As they'd now had a hit single, most of their performances were at Top Rank Ballrooms and other such venues around the country, on bills with other top chart groups, playing to audiences who seemed unimpressed or actively hostile. They also, though made two important appearances. The more well-known of these was at the 14-Hour Technicolor Dream, a benefit for International Times magazine with people including Yoko Ono, their future collaborator Ron Geesin, John's Children, Soft Machine, and The Move also performing. The 14-Hour Technicolor Dream is now largely regarded as *the* pivotal moment in the development of the UK counterculture, though even at the time some participants noted that there seemed to be a rift developing between the performers, who were often fairly straightforward beer-drinking ambitious young men who had latched on to kaftans and talk about enlightenment as the latest gimmick they could use to get ahead in the industry, and the audience who seemed to be true believers. Their other major performance was at an event called "Games for May -- Space Age Relaxation for the Climax of Spring", where they were able to do a full long set in a concert space with a quadrophonic sound system, rather than performing in the utterly sub-par environments most pop bands had to at this point. They came up with a new song written for the event, which became their second single, "See Emily Play". [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "See Emily Play"] Emily was apparently always a favourite name of Barrett's, and he even talked with one girlfriend about the possibility of naming their first child Emily, but the Emily of the song seems to have had a specific inspiration. One of the youngest attendees at the London Free School was an actual schoolgirl, Emily Young, who would go along to their events with her schoolfriend Anjelica Huston (who later became a well-known film star). Young is now a world-renowned artist, regarded as arguably Britain's greatest living stone sculptor, but at the time she was very like the other people at the London Free School -- she was from a very privileged background, her father was Wayland Young, 2nd Baron Kennet, a Labour Peer and minister who later joined the SDP. But being younger than the rest of the attendees, and still a little naive, she was still trying to find her own personality, and would take on attributes and attitudes of other people without fully understanding them,  hence the song's opening lines, "Emily tries, but misunderstands/She's often inclined to borrow somebody's dream til tomorrow". The song gets a little darker towards the end though, and the image in the last verse, where she puts on a gown and floats down a river forever *could* be a gentle, pastoral, image of someone going on a boat ride, but it also could be a reference to two rather darker sources. Barrett was known to pick up imagery both from classic literature and from Arthurian legend, and so the lines inevitably conjure up both the idea of Ophelia drowning herself and of the Lady of Shallot in Tennyson's Arthurian poem, who is trapped in a tower but finds a boat, and floats down the river to Camelot but dies before the boat reaches the castle: [Excerpt: The Pink Floyd, "See Emily Play"] The song also evokes very specific memories of Barrett's childhood -- according to Roger Waters, the woods mentioned in the lyrics are meant to be woods in which they had played as children, on the road out of Cambridge towards the Gog and Magog Hills. The song was apparently seven minutes long in its earliest versions, and required a great deal of editing to get down to single length, but it was worth it, as the track made the top ten. And that was where the problems started. There are two different stories told about what happened to Roger Barrett over the next forty years, and both stories are told by people with particular agendas, who want particular versions of him to become the accepted truth. Both stories are, in the extreme versions that have been popularised, utterly incompatible with each other, but both are fairly compatible with the scanty evidence we have. Possibly the truth lies somewhere between them. In one version of the story, around this time Barrett had a total mental breakdown, brought on or exacerbated by his overuse of LSD and Mandrax (a prescription drug consisting of a mixture of the antihistamine diphenhydramine and the sedative methaqualone, which was marketed in the US under the brand-name Quaalude), and that from late summer 1967 on he was unable to lead a normal life, and spent the rest of his life as a burned-out shell. The other version of the story is that Barrett was a little fragile, and did have periods of mental illness, but for the most part was able to function fairly well. In this version of the story, he was neurodivergent, and found celebrity distressing, but more than that he found the whole process of working within commercial restrictions upsetting -- having to appear on TV pop shows and go on package tours was just not something he found himself able to do, but he was responsible for a whole apparatus of people who relied on him and his group for their living. In this telling, he was surrounded by parasites who looked on him as their combination meal-ticket-cum-guru, and was simply not suited for the role and wanted to sabotage it so he could have a private life instead. Either way, *something* seems to have changed in Barrett in a profound way in the early summer of 1967. Joe Boyd talks about meeting him after not having seen him for a few weeks, and all the light being gone from his eyes. The group appeared on Top of the Pops, Britain's top pop TV show, three times to promote "See Emily Play", but by the third time Barrett didn't even pretend to mime along with the single. Towards the end of July, they were meant to record a session for the BBC's Saturday Club radio show, but Barrett walked out of the studio before completing the first song. It's notable that Barrett's non-cooperation or inability to function was very much dependent on circumstance. He was not able to perform for Saturday Club, a mainstream pop show aimed at a mass audience, but gave perfectly good performances on several sessions for John Peel's radio show The Perfumed Garden, a show firmly aimed at Pink Floyd's own underground niche. On the thirty-first of July, three days after the Saturday Club walkout, all the group's performances for the next month were cancelled, due to "nervous exhaustion". But on the eighth of August, they went back into the studio, to record "Scream Thy Last Scream", a song Barrett wrote and which Nick Mason sang: [Excerpt: Pink Floyd, "Scream Thy Last Scream"] That was scheduled as the group's next single, but the record company vetoed it, and it wouldn't see an official release for forty-nine years. Instead they recorded another single, "Apples and Oranges": [Excerpt: Pink Floyd, "Apples and Oranges"] That was the last thing the group released while Barrett was a member. In November 1967 they went on a tour of the US, making appearances on American Bandstand and the Pat Boone Show, as well as playing several gigs. According to legend, Barrett was almost catatonic on the Pat Boone show, though no footage of that appears to be available anywhere -- and the same things were said about their performance on Bandstand, and when that turned up, it turned out Barrett seemed no more uncomfortable miming to their new single than any of the rest of the band, and was no less polite when Dick Clark asked them questions about hamburgers. But on shows on the US tour, Barrett would do things like detune his guitar so it just made clanging sounds, or just play a single note throughout the show. These are, again, things that could be taken in two different ways, and I have no way to judge which is the more correct. On one level, they could be a sign of a chaotic, disordered, mind, someone dealing with severe mental health difficulties. On the other, they're the kind of thing that Barrett was applauded and praised for in the confines of the kind of avant-garde underground audience that would pay to hear AMM or Yoko Ono, the kind of people they'd been performing for less than a year earlier, but which were absolutely not appropriate for a pop group trying to promote their latest hit single. It could be that Barrett was severely unwell, or it could just be that he wanted to be an experimental artist and his bandmates wanted to be pop stars -- and one thing absolutely everyone agrees is that the rest of the group were more ambitious than Barrett was. Whichever was the case, though, something had to give. They cut the US tour short, but immediately started another British package tour, with the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the Move, Amen Corner and the Nice. After that tour they started work on their next album, A Saucerful of Secrets. Where Barrett was the lead singer and principal songwriter on Piper at the Gates of Dawn, he only sings and writes one song on A Saucerful of Secrets, which is otherwise written by Waters and Wright, and only appears at all on two more of the tracks -- by the time it was released he was out of the group. The last song he tried to get the group to record was called "Have You Got it Yet?" and it was only after spending some time rehearsing it that the rest of the band realised that the song was a practical joke on them -- every time they played it, he would change the song around so they would mess up, and pretend they just hadn't learned the song yet. They brought in Barrett's old friend Dave Gilmour, initially to be a fifth member on stage to give the band some stability in their performances, but after five shows with the five-man lineup they decided just not to bother picking Barrett up, but didn't mention he was out of the group, to avoid awkwardness. At the time, Barrett and Rick Wright were flatmates, and Wright would actually lie to Barrett and say he was just going out to buy a packet of cigarettes, and then go and play gigs without him. After a couple of months of this, it was officially announced that Barrett was leaving the group. Jenner and King went with him, convinced that he was the real talent in the group and would have a solo career, and the group carried on with new management. We'll be looking at them more in future episodes. Barrett made a start at recording a solo album in mid-1968, but didn't get very far. Jenner produced those sessions, and later said "It seemed a good idea to go into the studio because I knew he had the songs. And he would sometimes play bits and pieces and you would think 'Oh that's great.' It was a 'he's got a bit of a cold today and it might get better' approach. It wasn't a cold -- and you knew it wasn't a cold -- but I kept thinking if he did the right things he'd come back to join us. He'd gone out and maybe he'd come back. That was always the analogy in my head. I wanted to make it feel friendly for him, and that where we were was a comfortable place and that he could come back and find himself again. I obviously didn't succeed." A handful of tracks from those sessions have since been released, including a version of “Golden Hair”, a setting by Barrett of a poem by James Joyce that he would later revisit: [Excerpt: Syd Barrett, “Golden Hair (first version)”] Eleven months later, he went back into the studio again, this time with producer Malcolm Jones, to record an album that later became The Madcap Laughs, his first solo album. The recording process for the album has been the source of some controversy, as initially Jones was producing the whole album, and they were working in a way that Barrett never worked before. Where previously he had cut backing tracks first and only later overdubbed his vocals, this time he started by recording acoustic guitar and vocals, and then overdubbed on top of that. But after several sessions, Jones was pulled off the album, and Gilmour and Waters were asked to produce the rest of the sessions. This may seem a bit of a callous decision, since Gilmour was the person who had replaced Barrett in his group, but apparently the two of them had remained friends, and indeed Gilmour thought that Barrett had only got better as a songwriter since leaving the band. Where Malcolm Jones had been trying, by his account, to put out something that sounded like a serious, professional, record, Gilmour and Waters seemed to regard what they were doing more as producing a piece of audio verite documentary, including false starts and studio chatter. Jones believed that this put Barrett in a bad light, saying the outtakes "show Syd, at best as out of tune, which he rarely was, and at worst as out of control (which, again, he never was)." Gilmour and Waters, on the other hand, thought that material was necessary to provide some context for why the album wasn't as slick and professional as some might have hoped. The eventual record was a hodge-podge of different styles from different sessions, with bits from the Jenner sessions, the Jones sessions, and the Waters and Gilmour sessions all mixed together, with some tracks just Barrett badly double-tracking himself with an acoustic guitar, while other tracks feature full backing by Soft Machine. However, despite Jones' accusations that the album was more-or-less sabotaged by Gilmour and Waters, the fact remains that the best tracks on the album are the ones Barrett's former bandmates produced, and there are some magnificent moments on there. But it's a disturbing album to listen to, in the same way other albums by people with clear talent but clear mental illness are, like Skip Spence's Oar, Roky Erickson's later work, or the Beach Boys Love You. In each case, the pleasure one gets is a real pleasure from real aesthetic appreciation of the work, but entangled with an awareness that the work would not exist in that form were the creator not suffering. The pleasure doesn't come from the suffering -- these are real artists creating real art, not the kind of outsider art that is really just a modern-day freak-show -- but it's still inextricable from it: [Excerpt: Syd Barrett, "Dark Globe"] The Madcap Laughs did well enough that Barrett got to record a follow-up, titled simply Barrett. This one was recorded over a period of only a handful of months, with Gilmour and Rick Wright producing, and a band consisting of Gilmour, Wright, and drummer Jerry Shirley. The album is generally considered both more consistent and less interesting than The Madcap Laughs, with less really interesting material, though there are some enjoyable moments on it: [Excerpt: Syd Barrett, "Effervescing Elephant"] But the album is a little aimless, and people who knew him at the time seem agreed that that was a reflection of his life. He had nothing he *needed* to be doing -- no  tour dates, no deadlines, no pressure at all, and he had a bit of money from record royalties -- so he just did nothing at all. The one solo gig he ever played, with the band who backed him on Barrett, lasted four songs, and he walked off half-way through the fourth. He moved back to Cambridge for a while in the early seventies, and he tried putting together a new band with Twink, the drummer of the Pink Fairies and Pretty Things, Fred Frith, and Jack Monck, but Frith left after one gig. The other three performed a handful of shows either as "Stars" or as "Barrett, Adler, and Monck", just in the Cambridge area, but soon Barrett got bored again. He moved back to London, and in 1974 he made one final attempt to make a record, going into the studio with Peter Jenner, where he recorded a handful of tracks that were never released. But given that the titles of those tracks were things like "Boogie #1", "Boogie #2", "Slow Boogie", "Fast Boogie", "Chooka-Chooka Chug Chug" and "John Lee Hooker", I suspect we're not missing out on a lost masterpiece. Around this time there was a general resurgence in interest in Barrett, prompted by David Bowie having recorded a version of "See Emily Play" on his covers album Pin-Ups, which came out in late 1973: [Excerpt: David Bowie, "See Emily Play"] At the same time, the journalist Nick Kent wrote a long profile of Barrett, The Cracked Ballad of Syd Barrett, which like Kent's piece on Brian Wilson a year later, managed to be a remarkable piece of writing with a sense of sympathy for its subject and understanding of his music, but also a less-than-accurate piece of journalism which led to a lot of myths and disinformation being propagated. Barrett briefly visited his old bandmates in the studio in 1975 while they were recording the album Wish You Were Here -- some say even during the recording of the song "Shine On, You Crazy Diamond", which was written specifically about Barrett, though Nick Mason claims otherwise -- and they didn't recognise him at first, because by this point he had a shaved head and had put on a great deal of weight. He seemed rather sad, and that was the last time any of them saw him, apart from Roger Waters, who saw him in Harrod's a few years later. That time, as soon as Barrett recognised Waters, he dropped his bag and ran out of the shop. For the next thirty-one years, Barrett made no public appearances. The last time he ever voluntarily spoke to a journalist, other than telling them to go away, was in 1982, just after he'd moved back to Cambridge, when someone doorstopped him and he answered a few questions and posed for a photo before saying "OK! That's enough, this is distressing for me, thank you." He had the reputation for the rest of his life of being a shut-in, a recluse, an acid casualty. His family, on the other hand, have always claimed that while he was never particularly mentally or physically healthy, he wasn't a shut-in, and would go to the pub, meet up with his mother a couple of times a week to go shopping, and chat to the women behind the counter at Sainsbury's and at the pharmacy. He was also apparently very good with children who lived in the neighbourhood. Whatever the truth of his final decades, though, however mentally well or unwell he actually was, one thing is very clear, which is that he was an extremely private man, who did not want attention, and who was greatly distressed by the constant stream of people coming and looking through his letterbox, trying to take photos of him, trying to interview him, and so on. Everyone on his street knew that when people came asking which was Syd Barrett's house, they were meant to say that no-one of that name lived there -- and they were telling the truth. By the time he moved back, he had stopped answering to "Syd" altogether, and according to his sister "He came to hate the name latterly, and what it meant." He did, in 2001, go round to his sister's house to watch a documentary about himself on the TV -- he didn't own a TV himself -- but he didn't enjoy it and his only comment was that the music was too noisy. By this point he never listened to rock music, just to jazz and classical music, usually on the radio. He was financially secure -- Dave Gilmour made sure that when compilations came out they always included some music from Barrett's period in the group so he would receive royalties, even though Gilmour had no contact with him after 1975 -- and he spent most of his time painting -- he would take photos of the paintings when they were completed, and then burn the originals. There are many stories about those last few decades, but given how much he valued his privacy, it wouldn't be right to share them. This is a history of rock music, and 1975 was the last time Roger Keith Barrett ever had anything to do with rock music voluntarily. He died of cancer in 2006, and at his funeral there was a reading from The Little Grey Men, which was also quoted in the Order of Service -- "The wonder of the world, the beauty and the power, the shapes of things, their colours lights and shades; these I saw. Look ye also while life lasts.” There was no rock music played at Barrett's funeral -- instead there were a selection of pieces by Handel, Haydn, and Bach, ending with Bach's Allemande from the Partita No. IV in D major, one of his favourite pieces: [Excerpt: Glenn Gould, "Allemande from the Partita No. IV in D major"]  As they stared blankly in dumb misery deepening as they slowly realised all they had seen and all they had lost, a capricious little breeze, dancing up from the surface of the water, tossed the aspens, shook the dewy roses and blew lightly and caressingly in their faces; and with its soft touch came instant oblivion. For this is the last best gift that the kindly demi-god is careful to bestow on those to whom he has revealed himself in their helping: the gift of forgetfulness. Lest the awful remembrance should remain and grow, and overshadow mirth and pleasure, and the great haunting memory should spoil all the after-lives of little animals helped out of difficulties, in order that they should be happy and lighthearted as before. Mole rubbed his eyes and stared at Rat, who was looking about him in a puzzled sort of way. “I beg your pardon; what did you say, Rat?” he asked. “I think I was only remarking,” said Rat slowly, “that this was the right sort of place, and that here, if anywhere, we should find him. And look! Why, there he is, the little fellow!” And with a cry of delight he ran towards the slumbering Portly. But Mole stood still a moment, held in thought. As one wakened suddenly from a beautiful dream, who struggles to recall it, and can re-capture nothing but a dim sense of the beauty of it, the beauty! Till that, too, fades away in its turn, and the dreamer bitterly accepts the hard, cold waking and all its penalties; so Mole, after struggling with his memory for a brief space, shook his head sadly and followed the Rat.