The Road to Emmaus Luke 24:13-35 Main Point of the Sermon: The Holy Spirit is the solution to our inability to see and trust the Jesus of the Bible. We've come to the final chapter in Luke's Gospel and nearly to the end of our two year journey as a church through this book. And while these final pages are certainly a testimony of the finished work of Jesus on the cross and the truth of his resurrection, Luke's major emphasis is on something else: Scripture. This book. He starts his Gospel by telling his readers why he writes, so that “you may have certainty concerning the things you have been taught” (1:4). And here, at the end of his writing, he grounds that certainty on the totality of this book. In other words, it's not just the Gospels that confirm that Jesus is the Savior of the world, but the entire Bible. And I know it can be hard to understand how a book like Leviticus or the Song of Songs could do that, but it does. This is why we need God to teach us today like he does in this story. This is why we start out every sermon with prayer, asking the Spirit of God to shine on our dull hearts and open our eyes. Last week we saw that Jesus was crucified and buried, to the shock of his disciples and all of Jerusalem. But three days later, some of the women disciples of Jesus found the tomb empty and angels there saying, “He is not here, but has risen,” like he said (24:6). Our story ended with the women racing back to tell the rest of the disciples, who did not believe their story, and with Peter seeing the empty tomb and marveling at what had happened. Here's where we pick up. 13 That very day [it was still Sunday] two of them [that is, some of the other disciples of Jesus besides the eleven (24:9)] were going to a village named Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem, If you've ever been overseas, you'll understand this scene well. Cities like Jerusalem were the center of commerce and worship, but most of the people traveled from smaller villages where they lived. These two men who had become disciples of Jesus at some point and had likely been in Jerusalem to celebrate Passover. Now, they were traveling home after all that they had just seen and heard. Life went on. Verse 14 says that “they were talking with each other about all these things that had happened [as they walked]. You can imagine the scene. This wasn't a boring conversation, like they were discussing an uneventful day at work or the weather. No, they were probably animated, filling in each other's sentences, like you do when you've just experienced something spectacular with another person. “The temple curtain tore in two!” “Yeah, from top to bottom!” “And the darkness, what do you think that was about?” Right? It was midday!” “I just want to know where he is…” Then, while they were discussing these things, verse 15, 15 “…Jesus himself drew near and went with them.” 16 But their eyes were kept from recognizing him. This is the first encounter with the risen Christ that Luke records. He was indeed risen as the angels had said, and he showed up to two relatively unknown disciples from a little town outside of Bethlehem. Isn't this just like our Lord? He goes to the least, the unexpected. But they didn't know that it was him. Why? Verse 16 says that “their eyes were kept from recognizing him.” That's strange. He was there with them bodily, but they didn't recognize him. This is actually the same experience recorded in multiple other encounters with the risen Christ, like Mary, who thought that she ran into the gardener outside of his tomb (John 20:14-15; c.f. 21:4). Did he just look like a completely different person? No, clearly something else was going on here, and it's actually key to our text today. Their eyes were kept from recognizing Jesus. Who kept them from seeing? This is something we find in Scripture called a divine passive, where the text implies an actor, but doesn't say who. Context shows that God is clearly at work behind the scenes. But why would God keep them from seeing? He had something important to teach these men and something to teach us as well. Let's keep going to see. Then Jesus, who knew these men well, asked them a leading question, Verse 17: “What is this conversation that you are holding with each other as you walk?” And they stood still, looking sad. The men stopped, shocked and obviously sad. 18 Then one of them, named Cleopas, answered him, “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know the things that have happened there in these days?” This is probably not overstated. Most everyone in Jerusalem would know about these events – the temple curtain was torn and darkness was over Jerusalem for three about three hours midday. Verse 19: [Jesus said], “What things?” This is comical to me. He almost seems to be playing with them. He knows exactly what they are talking about, even as God knew when he asked Adam and Eve where they were when they hid from him in the garden. He asks because he wants a relationship. He wants to know us. He wants to know how we think and how we feel. He wanted to know what these men were thinking about the whole situation. I imagine a long pause before these words came spilling out: Act this out “Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, a man who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people, 20 and how our chief priests and rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him. 21 But we had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things happened. 22 Moreover, some women of our company amazed us. They were at the tomb early in the morning, 23 and when they did not find his body, they came back saying that they had even seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. 24 Some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but him they did not see.” What do we learn from this summary of events. 1) Cleopas, who probably is a good representation of what the other disciples were thinking at that time, understood rightly that Jesus was a prophet accepted by God and the people. He had likely experienced many of his mighty deeds and heard much of his powerful teaching. 2) But verse 21 also shows that he didn't rightly understand what Jesus had come to do. He said to Jesus, “we had hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel.” They still were under the impression that their greatest need was to be saved from Rome instead of being saved from their sin. They did not understand that Jesus had provided rescue from sin and the opening of the kingdom of God through his death! They didn't believe that Jesus had risen. It doesn't seem that they were even looking for a resurrection. They thought it was all over, which is solid proof that it actually happened and wasn't made up. Now, listen to Jesus's response. Verse 25: 25 “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. Wow. There's so much here to unpack here. I will touch on three things: 1) Human unbelief 2) The Bible's main character 3) Scripture's sufficiency 1) Human unbelief. Jesus rebukes these disciples for being so slow to believe what the prophets had spoken. Verse 26 assumes the clarity of the prophetic word about the suffering and future glory of the Messiah. The prophets have shown that “It was necessary” that he suffer before he enter his glory. He's saying to them, “You know the Scriptures. You've studied since your youth, and if you believed what the prophets said, you would not be sad or confused right now, but would understand what I have just accomplished. In addition, Jesus had told them plainly before heading to Jerusalem in Luke 18:31: “See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written about the Son of Man by the prophets will be accomplished (Lk 18:31). It's noteworthy that Jesus doesn't mention specific prophets or places that spoke of these things. We would expect him to go to Isaiah 53 or perhaps Psalm 22, but for Jesus and the Gospel writers, it's not just one or two prophets, but “all” the prophets “everywhere” spoke of Jesus and these events. It's all there, but Jesus says that they don't see it because they are dull and unbelieving. Is your heart slow to believe too? Friends, Jesus's rebuke is just as relevant for us today. How slow are we to believe what God has made plain to us. How many times has God spoken to us in his Word that trials are sure to come and yet we are surprised and have faith crisis' when they do. What's the problem then? Is it God? Has he not spoken clearly? No, it's us. Humans are slow of heart to believe God's Word. We, like these disciples, have been given everything we need to live righteous lives before God, but because of our hardness of heart we often misunderstand or disbelieve the Scriptures and demand that God give us something more, perhaps something we can see. This should be a correction to each and every one of us. When God seems distant, when his promises seem irrelevant or untrue, it is not because he has been silent or instructed us insufficiently. Rather, it is that we are slow to believe all that he has said. We have dull sight and hard hearts. So, what's the answer to this problem? Well, we need God's help. The Good News is that he readily gives it. Look at verse 27: 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. Though we are slow to believe, our Lord is ready and willing to keep teaching us, keep showing us, keep massaging truth into our hearts until we believe. What a gracious and merciful God we serve. Maybe you feel today like your doubts are too much for God. No, like a Father with his child, he will always keep stooping down and with patience, saying, “here, let me show you again.” Jesus slowly begins to unpack the Scriptures with these two men, explaining “in all the Scriptures,” the things concerning himself. 2) The Bible's Main Character Friends, you need to understand the massive point this is making. This book is all about Jesus. We so often think that the God of the Old Testament is different than the God of the new, like he was just angry and erratic and needed Jesus to convince him to love humanity! No, Jesus is showing us that it's the same God throughout this book. It's the same loving Father. The same God who provided a substitutionary lamb for his people, sent his Son to us out of love for us. The Old Testament, made up of Moses' Law, the Torah, the Prophets, and Psalms (that is, the wisdom writings) is preparation for Jesus. It shows us God's holiness, our sinfulness, and the way to atone for sin. The New Testament, then, answers questions like: “how is Jesus the fulfillment of the OT” and “Why is Jesus's death and resurrection how God redeems mankind?” This book is all about Jesus! For seven miles, Jesus taught them the Bible and showed them how his life, death, and resurrection fulfilled all that God had promised. He showed them how his death and resurrection give proper meaning to the Scriptures. Man, I wish I could have been there! Don't you? Well, I have good news for you, we have something better than seven miles with Jesus. We have the written Scriptures in our language and the Holy Spirit to walk with us through all of life, teaching and instructing us like Jesus did these men. We have the present church and the church through history, which has worked together by the Holy Spirit to unpack the depths of Scripture. Taking our cues from Jesus and his apostles: we are taught to see Christ: …in every genre of the Bible. We find that even long genealogies in the Old Testament anticipate Christ as he is the second Adam, the son of Abraham, the son of David. As we study, we find Christ in every theme of the Old Testament, that he is the king, the inauguration of the new Covenant with God; he's the temple of God; he is our rest; he is our justice, our righteousness, the clothing for our nakedness. We find that every major figure in the Bible points to Jesus, in both their strengths and their flaws. Jesus is the true and better Adam, who passed the test in the garden; Jesus is the true and better Moses, who mediates for us a better covenant than the first; he is the true and better David, who's victory became the people's victory. We find Jesus in every major image or symbol in the Bible such as: the bronze serpent, the water of life in the wilderness, the temple, the bread, the lamb, the tree of life, etc. We find Jesus bringing meaning and fulfillment to every deliverance narrative. In the pages of this book, you will find Jesus everywhere. And I'm not talking about unfaithful eisegesis, where you just paste him into any story you choose without intellectual integrity. I'm talking about careful and thoughtful reading by the Holy Spirit in the company of the church, that tracks themes and connects stories to Christ as God always intended. We try to model this for you each week we preach, but if you want more training or resources on how to do this, come talk to me. 3) Scripture's Sufficiency Multiple times in this chapter, Jesus helps his disciples stand on the solid rock of his Word. In fact, he starts there! He doesn't start with these men by showing off his resurrected body, but instead shields them from seeing who he is. Why? So that he can first explain to them the validity and sufficiency of the Scriptures. That they are enough. He wants you to know that if you believe this book, you will be safe. Your hope is sure. You don't need a miracle. You don't need to see Jesus in person. You just need to believe what God has spoken. The Apostle Peter makes this same point in 2 Peter 1, when he explains that they were eyewitnesses of these things, even hearing God's voice and seeing Jesus in his glory on the mount of transfiguration. But then he says this: And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place… He goes on in verse 21 explaining that “no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.” Our Lord Jesus and his Apostle Peter want you to know that you stand on solid ground when you believe the Words of Scripture. Do we really believe that? That this book is as sure as seeing the risen Christ? Many of us would say “amen” to this, but does your life prove that you hang on the promises of this book? Does what you do with this book, the time you spend studying and how you obey these words show that this book is your guide, your lifeline, your rock? Let's continue in the narrative. Verse 28: 28 So they drew near to the village to which they were going. He acted as if he were going farther, 29 but they urged him strongly, saying, “Stay with us, for it is toward evening and the day is now far spent.” So he went in to stay with them. How beautiful is this. It's getting dark now. Jesus's first day in his resurrected body is spent largely with two nobody's, walking with them and teaching them the Bible in an intimate setting. But he's going to show them even more. Verse 30 30 When he was at table with them, he took the bread and blessed and broke it and gave it to them. 31 And their eyes were opened, and they recognized him. And he vanished from their sight. So much here. Jesus taught his disciples over meals many times. He often used simple things in life, like bread, to explain profound truths about himself. Like when he told the crowd of 5000 after he miraculously fed them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger… (Jn 6:35). Or when he broke bread with his disciples and instituted the Lord's Supper, saying, “this is my body, given for you.” What we see in this mysterious moment is an example of how God shows up to commune with us and give us faith when we open his Word, when we remember him around this table, when we speak about him to one another. It's not just the disciples of the first century that Jesus wants fellowship with. Even though we don't now see him, he is present with us. When we open the Bible and break bread together, do you know that God comes near to fellowship with you and teach you. This all seems very natural doesn't it. Eating bread and reading a book together seems very natural. But there's so much more going on here! Jesus, who is the Word made flesh, comes near to us by his Spirit and feeds us a meal that satisfies us more than anything else in this world when we do these things. That's why the church read the Word and broken bread together for millennia and it's why we keep doing it! God's Book is true food and it is all about Jesus. When we come to this book, we are fellowshipping with Jesus, who alone satisfies. But we need God to open our eyes and our open our minds to understand like he did for these men. “And their eyes were opened.” Who opened their eyes?! God! Just as he kept their eyes from seeing, now he opens their eyes to see. God is able to keep eyes from seeing and he is able to open eyes to see. This is actually very good news for us, because when we are left to ourselves, none of us would ever come to Jesus, or ever see because of our sin. This verse is strikingly similar to verse 45, when Jesus was with the eleven, 45 Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures…,” and I believe it is tied also to verse 32. 32 They said to each other [after Jesus miraculously vanished], “Did not our hearts burn within us while he talked to us on the road, while he opened to us the Scriptures?” Their hearts burned within because God was near. In the same way, when we open up God's Word and when we fellowship together, something supernatural is happening. When we come to God with hungry hearts, wanting to know him, God comes near by his Spirit, even as Jesus came near to these men, to teach and to shine light on your hearts – so that what seems foolish to men – burns in our hearts, confirming to us that this story is truth and light, that it is everything we need. This alone is proof that Jesus is risen from the dead! He is alive and actively working in people so that people all over the world even to this day are turning to Jesus and confessing him as Lord. This is exactly what Jesus told to disciples before this, that he would send the Holy Spirit to them after he ascends. He says in John 14: 25 “These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. 26 But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. (Jn 14). 13 When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, (Jn 16). We don't see Jesus right now, but I can tell you this, he is alive and he is speaking right now to hearts in this room and around the world and fellowshipping with his people. 33 And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem. Seven miles at night time would have been dangerous, but when God's light shines on our hearts and the Holy Spirit awakens our souls to believe, no danger or distance or circumstance can keep us from telling others of the Good News! And they found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together, 34 saying, “The Lord has risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!” 35 Then they told what had happened on the road, and how he was known to them in the breaking of the bread. When the two disciples got to Jerusalem, they found the eleven Apostles and those with them already celebrating that Jesus had risen from the dead and that he had even appeared to Simon. They also told everyone about what had happened to them on the road and around the table. Proofs that Jesus was alive were stacking up! I want to end with a note about Luke's use of Simon instead of Peter here. Jesus called Peter “Simon” when he spoke of his betrayal (Luke 22:32). So, I believe Luke is highlighting the fact that Jesus had come to Peter despite his betrayal. Why does this little detail matter for us today? It matters because we too are slow to believe like these men on the road and quick to fall away like Peter. Yet, graciously, our God keeps seeking us out like he did Peter and these men. Our sin blinds us from seeing God, ourselves, and the world rightly, leading us to rebel against God and choose our own way. And though God could leave us in our foolishness and rebellion, he came to us in human form so that he could show us again who he is and how he is our rescue. And instead of punishing us for our unbelief and rebellion, he willingly took our punishment on the cross so that we would not have to die in our sin, but could rise to newness of life in him and live eternally. This Good News is for you today. If you believe it, hold fast to it. Come daily to this book and discover Jesus in it, asking and expecting his Spirit to open our eyes and enliven our hearts when we do. Or perhaps you don't believe, but your heart is burning within you today confirming this all to be true and the way of salvation. He is ready and willing to receive you and teach you in an intimate relationship if you will come to him. Come to Jesus. Eat and drink freely. He alone can satisfy your soul's longings. Come today, turn from your sin, confess Jesus is Lord, and be baptized. Now Church, because he has risen and is present with us, let's worship him like it's true.  Stein, R. H. (1992). Luke (Vol. 24, p. 612). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.  Ibid.  Pao, D. W., & Schnabel, E. J. (2007). Luke. In Commentary on the New Testament use of the Old Testament (p. 401). Grand Rapids, MI; Nottingham, UK: Baker Academic; Apollos.
Psalms and Wisdom: Proverbs 30–31:9 Proverbs 30–31:9 (Listen) The Words of Agur 30 The words of Agur son of Jakeh. The oracle.1 The man declares, I am weary, O God; I am weary, O God, and worn out.22 Surely I am too stupid to be a man. I have not the understanding of a man.3 I have not learned wisdom, nor have I knowledge of the Holy One.4 Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son's name? Surely you know! 5 Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.6 Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar. 7 Two things I ask of you; deny them not to me before I die:8 Remove far from me falsehood and lying; give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with the food that is needful for me,9 lest I be full and deny you and say, “Who is the LORD?” or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God. 10 Do not slander a servant to his master, lest he curse you, and you be held guilty. 11 There are those3 who curse their fathers and do not bless their mothers.12 There are those who are clean in their own eyes but are not washed of their filth.13 There are those—how lofty are their eyes, how high their eyelids lift!14 There are those whose teeth are swords, whose fangs are knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, the needy from among mankind. 15 The leech has two daughters: Give and Give.4 Three things are never satisfied; four never say, “Enough”:16 Sheol, the barren womb, the land never satisfied with water, and the fire that never says, “Enough.” 17 The eye that mocks a father and scorns to obey a mother will be picked out by the ravens of the valley and eaten by the vultures. 18 Three things are too wonderful for me; four I do not understand:19 the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a virgin. 20 This is the way of an adulteress: she eats and wipes her mouth and says, “I have done no wrong.” 21 Under three things the earth trembles; under four it cannot bear up:22 a slave when he becomes king, and a fool when he is filled with food;23 an unloved woman when she gets a husband, and a maidservant when she displaces her mistress. 24 Four things on earth are small, but they are exceedingly wise:25 the ants are a people not strong, yet they provide their food in the summer;26 the rock badgers are a people not mighty, yet they make their homes in the cliffs;27 the locusts have no king, yet all of them march in rank;28 the lizard you can take in your hands, yet it is in kings' palaces. 29 Three things are stately in their tread; four are stately in their stride:30 the lion, which is mightiest among beasts and does not turn back before any;31 the strutting rooster,5 the he-goat, and a king whose army is with him.6 32 If you have been foolish, exalting yourself, or if you have been devising evil, put your hand on your mouth.33 For pressing milk produces curds, pressing the nose produces blood, and pressing anger produces strife. The Words of King Lemuel 31 The words of King Lemuel. An oracle that his mother taught him: 2 What are you doing, my son?7 What are you doing, son of my womb? What are you doing, son of my vows?3 Do not give your strength to women, your ways to those who destroy kings.4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to take strong drink,5 lest they drink and forget what has been decreed and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.6 Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress;87 let them drink and forget their poverty and remember their misery no more.8 Open your mouth for the mute, for the rights of all who are destitute.99 Open your mouth, judge righteously, defend the rights of the poor and needy. Footnotes  30:1 Or Jakeh, the man of Massa  30:1 Revocalization; Hebrew The man declares to Ithiel, to Ithiel and Ucal  30:11 Hebrew There is a generation; also verses 12, 13, 14  30:15 Or “Give, give,” they cry  30:31 Or the magpie, or the greyhound; Hebrew girt-of-loins  30:31 Or against whom there is no rising up  31:2 Hebrew What, my son?  31:6 Hebrew those bitter in soul  31:8 Hebrew are sons of passing away (ESV) Pentateuch and History: Deuteronomy 28:15–68 Deuteronomy 28:15–68 (Listen) Curses for Disobedience 15 “But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD your God or be careful to do all his commandments and his statutes that I command you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you. 16 Cursed shall you be in the city, and cursed shall you be in the field. 17 Cursed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl. 18 Cursed shall be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, the increase of your herds and the young of your flock. 19 Cursed shall you be when you come in, and cursed shall you be when you go out. 20 “The LORD will send on you curses, confusion, and frustration in all that you undertake to do, until you are destroyed and perish quickly on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken me. 21 The LORD will make the pestilence stick to you until he has consumed you off the land that you are entering to take possession of it. 22 The LORD will strike you with wasting disease and with fever, inflammation and fiery heat, and with drought1 and with blight and with mildew. They shall pursue you until you perish. 23 And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron. 24 The LORD will make the rain of your land powder. From heaven dust shall come down on you until you are destroyed. 25 “The LORD will cause you to be defeated before your enemies. You shall go out one way against them and flee seven ways before them. And you shall be a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 26 And your dead body shall be food for all birds of the air and for the beasts of the earth, and there shall be no one to frighten them away. 27 The LORD will strike you with the boils of Egypt, and with tumors and scabs and itch, of which you cannot be healed. 28 The LORD will strike you with madness and blindness and confusion of mind, 29 and you shall grope at noonday, as the blind grope in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways.2 And you shall be only oppressed and robbed continually, and there shall be no one to help you. 30 You shall betroth a wife, but another man shall ravish her. You shall build a house, but you shall not dwell in it. You shall plant a vineyard, but you shall not enjoy its fruit. 31 Your ox shall be slaughtered before your eyes, but you shall not eat any of it. Your donkey shall be seized before your face, but shall not be restored to you. Your sheep shall be given to your enemies, but there shall be no one to help you. 32 Your sons and your daughters shall be given to another people, while your eyes look on and fail with longing for them all day long, but you shall be helpless. 33 A nation that you have not known shall eat up the fruit of your ground and of all your labors, and you shall be only oppressed and crushed continually, 34 so that you are driven mad by the sights that your eyes see. 35 The LORD will strike you on the knees and on the legs with grievous boils of which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. 36 “The LORD will bring you and your king whom you set over you to a nation that neither you nor your fathers have known. And there you shall serve other gods of wood and stone. 37 And you shall become a horror, a proverb, and a byword among all the peoples where the LORD will lead you away. 38 You shall carry much seed into the field and shall gather in little, for the locust shall consume it. 39 You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall eat them. 40 You shall have olive trees throughout all your territory, but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil, for your olives shall drop off. 41 You shall father sons and daughters, but they shall not be yours, for they shall go into captivity. 42 The cricket3 shall possess all your trees and the fruit of your ground. 43 The sojourner who is among you shall rise higher and higher above you, and you shall come down lower and lower. 44 He shall lend to you, and you shall not lend to him. He shall be the head, and you shall be the tail. 45 “All these curses shall come upon you and pursue you and overtake you till you are destroyed, because you did not obey the voice of the LORD your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes that he commanded you. 46 They shall be a sign and a wonder against you and your offspring forever. 47 Because you did not serve the LORD your God with joyfulness and gladness of heart, because of the abundance of all things, 48 therefore you shall serve your enemies whom the LORD will send against you, in hunger and thirst, in nakedness, and lacking everything. And he will put a yoke of iron on your neck until he has destroyed you. 49 The LORD will bring a nation against you from far away, from the end of the earth, swooping down like the eagle, a nation whose language you do not understand, 50 a hard-faced nation who shall not respect the old or show mercy to the young. 51 It shall eat the offspring of your cattle and the fruit of your ground, until you are destroyed; it also shall not leave you grain, wine, or oil, the increase of your herds or the young of your flock, until they have caused you to perish. 52 “They shall besiege you in all your towns, until your high and fortified walls, in which you trusted, come down throughout all your land. And they shall besiege you in all your towns throughout all your land, which the LORD your God has given you. 53 And you shall eat the fruit of your womb, the flesh of your sons and daughters, whom the LORD your God has given you, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemies shall distress you. 54 The man who is the most tender and refined among you will begrudge food to his brother, to the wife he embraces,4 and to the last of the children whom he has left, 55 so that he will not give to any of them any of the flesh of his children whom he is eating, because he has nothing else left, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemy shall distress you in all your towns. 56 The most tender and refined woman among you, who would not venture to set the sole of her foot on the ground because she is so delicate and tender, will begrudge to the husband she embraces,5 to her son and to her daughter, 57 her afterbirth that comes out from between her feet and her children whom she bears, because lacking everything she will eat them secretly, in the siege and in the distress with which your enemy shall distress you in your towns. 58 “If you are not careful to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that you may fear this glorious and awesome name, the LORD your God, 59 then the LORD will bring on you and your offspring extraordinary afflictions, afflictions severe and lasting, and sicknesses grievous and lasting. 60 And he will bring upon you again all the diseases of Egypt, of which you were afraid, and they shall cling to you. 61 Every sickness also and every affliction that is not recorded in the book of this law, the LORD will bring upon you, until you are destroyed. 62 Whereas you were as numerous as the stars of heaven, you shall be left few in number, because you did not obey the voice of the LORD your God. 63 And as the LORD took delight in doing you good and multiplying you, so the LORD will take delight in bringing ruin upon you and destroying you. And you shall be plucked off the land that you are entering to take possession of it. 64 “And the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your fathers have known. 65 And among these nations you shall find no respite, and there shall be no resting place for the sole of your foot, but the LORD will give you there a trembling heart and failing eyes and a languishing soul. 66 Your life shall hang in doubt before you. Night and day you shall be in dread and have no assurance of your life. 67 In the morning you shall say, ‘If only it were evening!' and at evening you shall say, ‘If only it were morning!' because of the dread that your heart shall feel, and the sights that your eyes shall see. 68 And the LORD will bring you back in ships to Egypt, a journey that I promised that you should never make again; and there you shall offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but there will be no buyer.” Footnotes  28:22 Or sword  28:29 Or shall not succeed in finding your ways  28:42 Identity uncertain  28:54 Hebrew the wife of his bosom  28:56 Hebrew the husband of her bosom (ESV) Chronicles and Prophets: Micah 5 Micah 5 (Listen) The Ruler to Be Born in Bethlehem 5 1 Now muster your troops, O daughter2 of troops; siege is laid against us; with a rod they strike the judge of Israel on the cheek.2 3 But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ancient days.3 Therefore he shall give them up until the time when she who is in labor has given birth; then the rest of his brothers shall return to the people of Israel.4 And he shall stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God. And they shall dwell secure, for now he shall be great to the ends of the earth.5 And he shall be their peace. When the Assyrian comes into our land and treads in our palaces, then we will raise against him seven shepherds and eight princes of men;6 they shall shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod at its entrances; and he shall deliver us from the Assyrian when he comes into our land and treads within our border. A Remnant Shall Be Delivered 7 Then the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many peoples like dew from the LORD, like showers on the grass, which delay not for a man nor wait for the children of man.8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the nations, in the midst of many peoples, like a lion among the beasts of the forest, like a young lion among the flocks of sheep, which, when it goes through, treads down and tears in pieces, and there is none to deliver.9 Your hand shall be lifted up over your adversaries, and all your enemies shall be cut off. 10 And in that day, declares the LORD, I will cut off your horses from among you and will destroy your chariots;11 and I will cut off the cities of your land and throw down all your strongholds;12 and I will cut off sorceries from your hand, and you shall have no more tellers of fortunes;13 and I will cut off your carved images and your pillars from among you, and you shall bow down no more
What do you do? What do you make? How do you use your gifts & passions? Is it a ‘Higher Calling'? We might be too quick to dismiss our career, vocation, or work as unworthy of being a Higher Calling, thinking it is a title reserved for religious professionals. In the Gospel reading for today, Jesus' disciples learn that following Jesus has a high cost. Jesus' harsh, hyperbolic words might seem to reinforce the idea that being a disciple is only for those willing to accept a Higher Calling. Pastor Chad argues that Jesus was reinforcing the cost of not using your skills, gifts, & passions to serve your community as Jesus calls us each to do. The cost is a broken community where our neighbors go hungry, unloved, alone, or even homeless. And we miss out on the opportunity to experience the joy & fulfillment that comes from generosity & sharing. Whether you are a mechanic, a farmer, or a caregiver you too have a Higher Calling: as a Disciple of Jesus!
This week on Inside Appalachia, we'll hear about a farm in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania that can grow a lot of agriculture on one acre of a former industrial site.We'll also hear about a podcast that remembers the back to the land movement in West Virginia during the 1970s and 1980s -- as well as a mysterious disappearance.
The wonderful story of the Forerunner's conception and birth is told in the first chapter of the Gospel according to Luke. Together with the Most Holy Theotokos and Christ Himself, both his conception and his birth are commemorated as Feasts of the Church. His name, Johanan in Hebrew, means "The Lord is Gracious." The Prologue adds: "The news of the angel's appearing to Zacharias, of his dumbness and of the loosening of his tongue at the exact moment that he wrote 'John', was carried throughout all Israel, coming to Herod's ears. So, when he sent men to kill all the infants around Bethlehem, he sent men off to Zacharias' family house in the hills, to slay John also. But Elisabeth hid the child in good time. The king was enraged at this, and sent an executioner to the Temple to kill Zacharias (for it was then his turn to serve in the Temple again). Zacharias was killed between the court and the Temple, and his blood clotted and solidified on the paving slabs, and remained as an enduring witness against Herod. Elisabeth hid herself and the child in a cave, where she soon died. The young John remained in the wilderness alone, in the care of God and His angels." See September 5.
Reading Ruth 1:1-22 (NLT) ~ Scripture reading followed by discussion. Leaving Judges into Ruth. Naomi left Bethlehem for Moab with a husband and two sons and now has only Ruth, her daughter-in-law with her. God drawing Naomi home. Ruth is all in. God uses even His flawed children to bring people to Himself. Once you experience the goodness of the presence of God, wandering is undesirable. Ruth's oath is not unlike a marriage vow. To cling tightly. God doesn't care where your from or where you've been, God just wants your heart.
With family: Deuteronomy 27–28:19; Psalm 119:1–24 Deuteronomy 27–28:19 (Listen) The Altar on Mount Ebal 27 Now Moses and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, “Keep the whole commandment that I command you today. 2 And on the day you cross over the Jordan to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, you shall set up large stones and plaster them with plaster. 3 And you shall write on them all the words of this law, when you cross over to enter the land that the LORD your God is giving you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has promised you. 4 And when you have crossed over the Jordan, you shall set up these stones, concerning which I command you today, on Mount Ebal, and you shall plaster them with plaster. 5 And there you shall build an altar to the LORD your God, an altar of stones. You shall wield no iron tool on them; 6 you shall build an altar to the LORD your God of uncut1 stones. And you shall offer burnt offerings on it to the LORD your God, 7 and you shall sacrifice peace offerings and shall eat there, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God. 8 And you shall write on the stones all the words of this law very plainly.” Curses from Mount Ebal 9 Then Moses and the Levitical priests said to all Israel, “Keep silence and hear, O Israel: this day you have become the people of the LORD your God. 10 You shall therefore obey the voice of the LORD your God, keeping his commandments and his statutes, which I command you today.” 11 That day Moses charged the people, saying, 12 “When you have crossed over the Jordan, these shall stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin. 13 And these shall stand on Mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali. 14 And the Levites shall declare to all the men of Israel in a loud voice: 15 “‘Cursed be the man who makes a carved or cast metal image, an abomination to the LORD, a thing made by the hands of a craftsman, and sets it up in secret.' And all the people shall answer and say, ‘Amen.' 16 “‘Cursed be anyone who dishonors his father or his mother.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 17 “‘Cursed be anyone who moves his neighbor's landmark.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 18 “‘Cursed be anyone who misleads a blind man on the road.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 19 “‘Cursed be anyone who perverts the justice due to the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 20 “‘Cursed be anyone who lies with his father's wife, because he has uncovered his father's nakedness.'2 And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 21 “‘Cursed be anyone who lies with any kind of animal.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 22 “‘Cursed be anyone who lies with his sister, whether the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 23 “‘Cursed be anyone who lies with his mother-in-law.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 24 “‘Cursed be anyone who strikes down his neighbor in secret.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 25 “‘Cursed be anyone who takes a bribe to shed innocent blood.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' 26 “‘Cursed be anyone who does not confirm the words of this law by doing them.' And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.' Blessings for Obedience 28 “And if you faithfully obey the voice of the LORD your God, being careful to do all his commandments that I command you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth. 2 And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, if you obey the voice of the LORD your God. 3 Blessed shall you be in the city, and blessed shall you be in the field. 4 Blessed shall be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground and the fruit of your cattle, the increase of your herds and the young of your flock. 5 Blessed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl. 6 Blessed shall you be when you come in, and blessed shall you be when you go out. 7 “The LORD will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before you. They shall come out against you one way and flee before you seven ways. 8 The LORD will command the blessing on you in your barns and in all that you undertake. And he will bless you in the land that the LORD your God is giving you. 9 The LORD will establish you as a people holy to himself, as he has sworn to you, if you keep the commandments of the LORD your God and walk in his ways. 10 And all the peoples of the earth shall see that you are called by the name of the LORD, and they shall be afraid of you. 11 And the LORD will make you abound in prosperity, in the fruit of your womb and in the fruit of your livestock and in the fruit of your ground, within the land that the LORD swore to your fathers to give you. 12 The LORD will open to you his good treasury, the heavens, to give the rain to your land in its season and to bless all the work of your hands. And you shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow. 13 And the LORD will make you the head and not the tail, and you shall only go up and not down, if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you today, being careful to do them, 14 and if you do not turn aside from any of the words that I command you today, to the right hand or to the left, to go after other gods to serve them. Curses for Disobedience 15 “But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD your God or be careful to do all his commandments and his statutes that I command you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you. 16 Cursed shall you be in the city, and cursed shall you be in the field. 17 Cursed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl. 18 Cursed shall be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, the increase of your herds and the young of your flock. 19 Cursed shall you be when you come in, and cursed shall you be when you go out. Footnotes  27:6 Hebrew whole  27:20 Hebrew uncovered his father's skirt (ESV) Psalm 119:1–24 (Listen) Your Word Is a Lamp to My Feet Aleph 119 1 Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the LORD!2 Blessed are those who keep his testimonies, who seek him with their whole heart,3 who also do no wrong, but walk in his ways!4 You have commanded your precepts to be kept diligently.5 Oh that my ways may be steadfast in keeping your statutes!6 Then I shall not be put to shame, having my eyes fixed on all your commandments.7 I will praise you with an upright heart, when I learn your righteous rules.28 I will keep your statutes; do not utterly forsake me! Beth 9 How can a young man keep his way pure? By guarding it according to your word.10 With my whole heart I seek you; let me not wander from your commandments!11 I have stored up your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you.12 Blessed are you, O LORD; teach me your statutes!13 With my lips I declare all the rules3 of your mouth.14 In the way of your testimonies I delight as much as in all riches.15 I will meditate on your precepts and fix my eyes on your ways.16 I will delight in your statutes; I will not forget your word. Gimel 17 Deal bountifully with your servant, that I may live and keep your word.18 Open my eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of your law.19 I am a sojourner on the earth; hide not your commandments from me!20 My soul is consumed with longing for your rules4 at all times.21 You rebuke the insolent, accursed ones, who wander from your commandments.22 Take away from me scorn and contempt, for I have kept your testimonies.23 Even though princes sit plotting against me, your servant will meditate on your statutes.24 Your testimonies are my delight; they are my counselors. Footnotes  119:1 This psalm is an acrostic poem of twenty-two stanzas, following the letters of the Hebrew alphabet; within a stanza, each verse begins with the same Hebrew letter  119:7 Or your just and righteous decrees; also verses 62, 106, 160, 164  119:13 Or all the just decrees  119:20 Or your just decrees; also verses 30, 39, 43, 52, 75, 102, 108, 137, 156, 175 (ESV) In private: Isaiah 54; Matthew 2 Isaiah 54 (Listen) The Eternal Covenant of Peace 54 “Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children of her who is married,” says the LORD.2 “Enlarge the place of your tent, and let the curtains of your habitations be stretched out; do not hold back; lengthen your cords and strengthen your stakes.3 For you will spread abroad to the right and to the left, and your offspring will possess the nations and will people the desolate cities. 4 “Fear not, for you will not be ashamed; be not confounded, for you will not be disgraced; for you will forget the shame of your youth, and the reproach of your widowhood you will remember no more.5 For your Maker is your husband, the LORD of hosts is his name; and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer, the God of the whole earth he is called.6 For the LORD has called you like a wife deserted and grieved in spirit, like a wife of youth when she is cast off, says your God.7 For a brief moment I deserted you, but with great compassion I will gather you.8 In overflowing anger for a moment I hid my face from you, but with everlasting love I will have compassion on you,” says the LORD, your Redeemer. 9 “This is like the days of Noah1 to me: as I swore that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth, so I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, and will not rebuke you.10 For the mountains may depart and the hills be removed, but my steadfast love shall not depart from you, and my covenant of peace shall not be removed,” says the LORD, who has compassion on you. 11 “O afflicted one, storm-tossed and not comforted, behold, I will set your stones in antimony, and lay your foundations with sapphires.212 I will make your pinnacles of agate,3 your gates of carbuncles,4 and all your wall of precious stones.13 All your children shall be taught by the LORD, and great shall be the peace of your children.14 In righteousness you shall be established; you shall be far from oppression, for you shall not fear; and from terror, for it shall not come near you.15 If anyone stirs up strife, it is not from me; whoever stirs up strife with you shall fall because of you.16 Behold, I have created the smith who blows the fire of coals and produces a weapon for its purpose. I have also created the ravager to destroy;17 no weapon that is fashioned against you shall succeed, and you shall refute every tongue that rises against you in judgment. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD and their vindication5 from me, declares the LORD.” Footnotes  54:9 Some manuscripts For this is as the waters of Noah  54:11 Or lapis lazuli  54:12 Or jasper, or ruby  54:12 Or crystal  54:17 Or righteousness (ESV) Matthew 2 (Listen) The Visit of the Wise Men 2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men1 from the east came to Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star when it rose2 and have come to worship him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him; 4 and assembling all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. 5 They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for so it is written by the prophet: 6 “‘And you, O Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.'” 7 Then Herod summoned the wise men secretly and ascertained from them what time the star had appeared. 8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and worship him.” 9 After listening to the king, they went on their way. And behold, the star that they had seen when it rose went before them until it came to rest over the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. 11 And going into the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. 12 And being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed to their own country by another way. The Flight to Egypt 13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” 14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt I called my son.” Herod Kills the Children 16 Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah: 18 “A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and loud lamentation, Rachel weeping for her children; she refused to be comforted, because they are no more.” The Return to Nazareth 19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.” 21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee. 23 And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazarene. Footnotes  2:1 Greek magi; also verses 7, 16  2:2 Or in the east; also verse 9 (ESV)
Summer is here! The much-needed break in our schedules brings a lack of structure that can be difficult to manage as parents! Middle School Pastor Spencer Haynes and High School Pastor Daniel Shadrach join us on the podcast today to talk about all things student ministry. Learn about the heart behind this ministry and keep your students engaged in their walk with Christ all summer long. Stay up to date with Student Events at https://bethlehemchurch.us/bethlehem-students Follow Bethlehem Students on Instagram https://www.instagram.com/bethlehemstudents/ For questions about student ministry, email Spencer Haynes at firstname.lastname@example.org or Daniel Shadrach at email@example.com
In the series on the Minor Prophets, I come to the next minor prophet, who is probably the most well-known. The book of Jonah is only 4 chapters, but is packed with great lessons for us today, as well as one of the most direct references made by Jesus regarding His resurrection. New Recording 18
1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. 2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. 3 And Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons. 4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. 5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband. 6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread. 7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah. 8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. 9 The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept. 10 And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people. 11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons; 13 Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me. 14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her. 15 And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law. 16 And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: 17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me. 18 When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her. 19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? 20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? 22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest. 1 And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. 2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. 3 And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech. 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee. 5 Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? 6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: 7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house. 8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: 9 Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn. 10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 11 And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. 12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. 13 Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens. 14 And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left. 15 And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: 16 And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. 17 So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed. 19 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's name with whom I wrought to day is Boaz. 20 And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen. 21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest. 22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field. 23 So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.
History is all around us although few of us delve in, as Christopher Philippo does, to find it.Take women's suffrage for instance.In 2017, as New York was celebrating its centennial for women's suffrage, the William G. Pomeroy Foundation notified historical societies across the state about a grant program for markers.At a Lansingburgh Historical Society meeting, Philippo recalled, the secretary mentioned the Pomeroy letter and said, “We didn't have any suffragists here, so we'll just move on to the next item on the agenda.“And I said, ‘Wait a minute … Let me just look first.'”Philippo discovered Lansingburgh, which is now part of Troy, had a significant suffragist, Caroline Gilkey Rogers.She spoke at local and national women's rights conventions and her home was nicknamed the Equal Rights Hotel because, whenever there were out-of-town suffragists visiting for conventions in the area, they would stay with Rogers, Philippo learned.Rogers attempted to vote in Lansingburgh in 1885 and recounted the experience in remarks before a State Assembly Committee on Grievances. Philippo unearthed this account of her comments in an 1885 report in the Daily Saratogian:“A short time ago a call was issued for all taxpaying inhabitants to come out and vote upon the question of introducing the water works into the village. Being very anxious for this measure to be carried I went with a lady friend to the polls, but our ballots were refused, and when I pointed out to the inspector that ‘all taxpaying inhabitants' were urged to come, he said: ‘oh that does not mean women.'”Philippo applied to the grant program and got a marker for Rogers.Now a trustee of the Bethlehem Historical Association, Philippo had a similar experience when in 2020 he urged a museum exhibit to commemorate the centennial of the ratification of the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote nationwide.The association president “didn't think we really had much in the way of items that we could put together for an exhibit,” he recalled.Philippo did the same thing he had for Lansingburgh, checking databases to look for suffrage activity in Bethlehem and its hamlets.“I quickly found that, here again, there certainly was suffrage activity in Bethlehem,” he says in this week's Enterprise podcast.Read the full story at altamontenterprise.com See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Morning: Nehemiah 7–8 Nehemiah 7–8 (Listen) 7 Now when the wall had been built and I had set up the doors, and the gatekeepers, the singers, and the Levites had been appointed, 2 I gave my brother Hanani and Hananiah the governor of the castle charge over Jerusalem, for he was a more faithful and God-fearing man than many. 3 And I said to them, “Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun is hot. And while they are still standing guard, let them shut and bar the doors. Appoint guards from among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, some at their guard posts and some in front of their own homes.” 4 The city was wide and large, but the people within it were few, and no houses had been rebuilt. Lists of Returned Exiles 5 Then my God put it into my heart to assemble the nobles and the officials and the people to be enrolled by genealogy. And I found the book of the genealogy of those who came up at the first, and I found written in it: 6 These were the people of the province who came up out of the captivity of those exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried into exile. They returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his town. 7 They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel: 8 the sons of Parosh, 2,172. 9 The sons of Shephatiah, 372. 10 The sons of Arah, 652. 11 The sons of Pahath-moab, namely the sons of Jeshua and Joab, 2,818. 12 The sons of Elam, 1,254. 13 The sons of Zattu, 845. 14 The sons of Zaccai, 760. 15 The sons of Binnui, 648. 16 The sons of Bebai, 628. 17 The sons of Azgad, 2,322. 18 The sons of Adonikam, 667. 19 The sons of Bigvai, 2,067. 20 The sons of Adin, 655. 21 The sons of Ater, namely of Hezekiah, 98. 22 The sons of Hashum, 328. 23 The sons of Bezai, 324. 24 The sons of Hariph, 112. 25 The sons of Gibeon, 95. 26 The men of Bethlehem and Netophah, 188. 27 The men of Anathoth, 128. 28 The men of Beth-azmaveth, 42. 29 The men of Kiriath-jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, 743. 30 The men of Ramah and Geba, 621. 31 The men of Michmas, 122. 32 The men of Bethel and Ai, 123. 33 The men of the other Nebo, 52. 34 The sons of the other Elam, 1,254. 35 The sons of Harim, 320. 36 The sons of Jericho, 345. 37 The sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, 721. 38 The sons of Senaah, 3,930. 39 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah, namely the house of Jeshua, 973. 40 The sons of Immer, 1,052. 41 The sons of Pashhur, 1,247. 42 The sons of Harim, 1,017. 43 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua, namely of Kadmiel of the sons of Hodevah, 74. 44 The singers: the sons of Asaph, 148. 45 The gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, the sons of Shobai, 138. 46 The temple servants: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth, 47 the sons of Keros, the sons of Sia, the sons of Padon, 48 the sons of Lebana, the sons of Hagaba, the sons of Shalmai, 49 the sons of Hanan, the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar, 50 the sons of Reaiah, the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda, 51 the sons of Gazzam, the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah, 52 the sons of Besai, the sons of Meunim, the sons of Nephushesim, 53 the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur, 54 the sons of Bazlith, the sons of Mehida, the sons of Harsha, 55 the sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Temah, 56 the sons of Neziah, the sons of Hatipha. 57 The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Sotai, the sons of Sophereth, the sons of Perida, 58 the sons of Jaala, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel, 59 the sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth-hazzebaim, the sons of Amon. 60 All the temple servants and the sons of Solomon's servants were 392. 61 The following were those who came up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer, but they could not prove their fathers' houses nor their descent, whether they belonged to Israel: 62 the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, the sons of Nekoda, 642. 63 Also, of the priests: the sons of Hobaiah, the sons of Hakkoz, the sons of Barzillai (who had taken a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by their name). 64 These sought their registration among those enrolled in the genealogies, but it was not found there, so they were excluded from the priesthood as unclean. 65 The governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food until a priest with Urim and Thummim should arise. Totals of People and Gifts 66 The whole assembly together was 42,360, 67 besides their male and female servants, of whom there were 7,337. And they had 245 singers, male and female. 68 Their horses were 736, their mules 245,1 69 their camels 435, and their donkeys 6,720. 70 Now some of the heads of fathers' houses gave to the work. The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 darics2 of gold, 50 basins, 30 priests' garments and 500 minas3 of silver.4 71 And some of the heads of fathers' houses gave into the treasury of the work 20,000 darics of gold and 2,200 minas of silver. 72 And what the rest of the people gave was 20,000 darics of gold, 2,000 minas of silver, and 67 priests' garments. 73 So the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, some of the people, the temple servants, and all Israel, lived in their towns. And when the seventh month had come, the people of Israel were in their towns. Ezra Reads the Law 8 And all the people gathered as one man into the square before the Water Gate. And they told Ezra the scribe to bring the Book of the Law of Moses that the LORD had commanded Israel. 2 So Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, both men and women and all who could understand what they heard, on the first day of the seventh month. 3 And he read from it facing the square before the Water Gate from early morning until midday, in the presence of the men and the women and those who could understand. And the ears of all the people were attentive to the Book of the Law. 4 And Ezra the scribe stood on a wooden platform that they had made for the purpose. And beside him stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah, and Maaseiah on his right hand, and Pedaiah, Mishael, Malchijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah, and Meshullam on his left hand. 5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people, for he was above all the people, and as he opened it all the people stood. 6 And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God, and all the people answered, “Amen, Amen,” lifting up their hands. And they bowed their heads and worshiped the LORD with their faces to the ground. 7 Also Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, the Levites,5 helped the people to understand the Law, while the people remained in their places. 8 They read from the book, from the Law of God, clearly,6 and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading. This Day Is Holy 9 And Nehemiah, who was the governor, and Ezra the priest and scribe, and the Levites who taught the people said to all the people, “This day is holy to the LORD your God; do not mourn or weep.” For all the people wept as they heard the words of the Law. 10 Then he said to them, “Go your way. Eat the fat and drink sweet wine and send portions to anyone who has nothing ready, for this day is holy to our Lord. And do not be grieved, for the joy of the LORD is your strength.” 11 So the Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be quiet, for this day is holy; do not be grieved.” 12 And all the people went their way to eat and drink and to send portions and to make great rejoicing, because they had understood the words that were declared to them. Feast of Booths Celebrated 13 On the second day the heads of fathers' houses of all the people, with the priests and the Levites, came together to Ezra the scribe in order to study the words of the Law. 14 And they found it written in the Law that the LORD had commanded by Moses that the people of Israel should dwell in booths7 during the feast of the seventh month, 15 and that they should proclaim it and publish it in all their towns and in Jerusalem, “Go out to the hills and bring branches of olive, wild olive, myrtle, palm, and other leafy trees to make booths, as it is written.” 16 So the people went out and brought them and made booths for themselves, each on his roof, and in their courts and in the courts of the house of God, and in the square at the Water Gate and in the square at the Gate of Ephraim. 17 And all the assembly of those who had returned from the captivity made booths and lived in the booths, for from the days of Jeshua the son of Nun to that day the people of Israel had not done so. And there was very great rejoicing. 18 And day by day, from the first day to the last day, he read from the Book of the Law of God. They kept the feast seven days, and on the eighth day there was a solemn assembly, according to the rule. Footnotes  7:68 Compare Ezra 2:66 and the margins of some Hebrew manuscripts; Hebrew lacks Their horses . . . 245  7:70 A daric was a coin weighing about 1/4 ounce or 8.5 grams  7:70 A mina was about 1 1/4 pounds or 0.6 kilogram  7:70 Probable reading; Hebrew lacks minas of silver  8:7 Vulgate; Hebrew and the Levites  8:8 Or with interpretation, or paragraph by paragraph  8:14 Or temporary shelters (ESV) Evening: Acts 3 Acts 3 (Listen) The Lame Beggar Healed 3 Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the hour of prayer, the ninth hour.1 2 And a man lame from birth was being carried, whom they laid daily at the gate of the temple that is called the Beautiful Gate to ask alms of those entering the temple. 3 Seeing Peter and John about to go into the temple, he asked to receive alms. 4 And Peter directed his gaze at him, as did John, and said, “Look at us.” 5 And he fixed his attention on them, expecting to receive something from them. 6 But Peter said, “I have no silver and gold, but what I do have I give to you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk!” 7 And he took him by the right hand and raised him up, and immediately his feet and ankles were made strong. 8 And leaping up, he stood and began to walk, and entered the temple with them, walking and leaping and praising God. 9 And all the people saw him walking and praising God, 10 and recognized him as the one who sat at the Beautiful Gate of the temple, asking for alms. And they were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him. Peter Speaks in Solomon's Portico 11 While he clung to Peter and John, all the people, utterly astounded, ran together to them in the portico called Solomon's. 12 And when Peter saw it he addressed the people: “Men of Israel, why do you wonder at this, or why do you stare at us, as though by our own power or piety we have made him walk? 13 The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified his servant2 Jesus, whom you delivered over and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him. 14 But you denied the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 15 and you killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses. 16 And his name—by faith in his name—has made this man strong whom you see and know, and the faith that is through Jesus3 has given the man this perfect health in the presence of you all. 17 “And now, brothers, I know that you acted in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 18 But what God foretold by the mouth of all the prophets, that his Christ would suffer, he thus fulfilled. 19 Repent therefore, and turn back, that your sins may be blotted out, 20 that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, and that he may send the Christ appointed for you, Jesus, 21 whom heaven must receive until the time for restoring all the things about which God spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets long ago. 22 Moses said, ‘The Lord God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers. You shall listen to him in whatever he tells you. 23 And it shall be that every soul who does not listen to that prophet shall be destroyed from the people.' 24 And all the prophets who have spoken, from Samuel and those who came after him, also proclaimed these days. 25 You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant that God made with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed.' 26 God, having raised up his servant, sent him to you first, to bless you by turning every one of you from your wickedness.” Footnotes  3:1 That is, 3 p.m.  3:13 Or child; also verse 26  3:16 Greek him (ESV)
Psalms and Wisdom: Proverbs 15–16 Proverbs 15–16 (Listen) 15 A soft answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.2 The tongue of the wise commends knowledge, but the mouths of fools pour out folly.3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.4 A gentle1 tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.5 A fool despises his father's instruction, but whoever heeds reproof is prudent.6 In the house of the righteous there is much treasure, but trouble befalls the income of the wicked.7 The lips of the wise spread knowledge; not so the hearts of fools.28 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, but the prayer of the upright is acceptable to him.9 The way of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD, but he loves him who pursues righteousness.10 There is severe discipline for him who forsakes the way; whoever hates reproof will die.11 Sheol and Abaddon lie open before the LORD; how much more the hearts of the children of man!12 A scoffer does not like to be reproved; he will not go to the wise.13 A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.14 The heart of him who has understanding seeks knowledge, but the mouths of fools feed on folly.15 All the days of the afflicted are evil, but the cheerful of heart has a continual feast.16 Better is a little with the fear of the LORD than great treasure and trouble with it.17 Better is a dinner of herbs where love is than a fattened ox and hatred with it.18 A hot-tempered man stirs up strife, but he who is slow to anger quiets contention.19 The way of a sluggard is like a hedge of thorns, but the path of the upright is a level highway.20 A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish man despises his mother.21 Folly is a joy to him who lacks sense, but a man of understanding walks straight ahead.22 Without counsel plans fail, but with many advisers they succeed.23 To make an apt answer is a joy to a man, and a word in season, how good it is!24 The path of life leads upward for the prudent, that he may turn away from Sheol beneath.25 The LORD tears down the house of the proud but maintains the widow's boundaries.26 The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the LORD, but gracious words are pure.27 Whoever is greedy for unjust gain troubles his own household, but he who hates bribes will live.28 The heart of the righteous ponders how to answer, but the mouth of the wicked pours out evil things.29 The LORD is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayer of the righteous.30 The light of the eyes rejoices the heart, and good news refreshes3 the bones.31 The ear that listens to life-giving reproof will dwell among the wise.32 Whoever ignores instruction despises himself, but he who listens to reproof gains intelligence.33 The fear of the LORD is instruction in wisdom, and humility comes before honor. 16 The plans of the heart belong to man, but the answer of the tongue is from the LORD.2 All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the LORD weighs the spirit.43 Commit your work to the LORD, and your plans will be established.4 The LORD has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble.5 Everyone who is arrogant in heart is an abomination to the LORD; be assured, he will not go unpunished.6 By steadfast love and faithfulness iniquity is atoned for, and by the fear of the LORD one turns away from evil.7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.8 Better is a little with righteousness than great revenues with injustice.9 The heart of man plans his way, but the LORD establishes his steps.10 An oracle is on the lips of a king; his mouth does not sin in judgment.11 A just balance and scales are the LORD's; all the weights in the bag are his work.12 It is an abomination to kings to do evil, for the throne is established by righteousness.13 Righteous lips are the delight of a king, and he loves him who speaks what is right.14 A king's wrath is a messenger of death, and a wise man will appease it.15 In the light of a king's face there is life, and his favor is like the clouds that bring the spring rain.16 How much better to get wisdom than gold! To get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver.17 The highway of the upright turns aside from evil; whoever guards his way preserves his life.18 Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.19 It is better to be of a lowly spirit with the poor than to divide the spoil with the proud.20 Whoever gives thought to the word5 will discover good, and blessed is he who trusts in the LORD.21 The wise of heart is called discerning, and sweetness of speech increases persuasiveness.22 Good sense is a fountain of life to him who has it, but the instruction of fools is folly.23 The heart of the wise makes his speech judicious and adds persuasiveness to his lips.24 Gracious words are like a honeycomb, sweetness to the soul and health to the body.25 There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way to death.626 A worker's appetite works for him; his mouth urges him on.27 A worthless man plots evil, and his speech7 is like a scorching fire.28 A dishonest man spreads strife, and a whisperer separates close friends.29 A man of violence entices his neighbor and leads him in a way that is not good.30 Whoever winks his eyes plans8 dishonest things; he who purses his lips brings evil to pass.31 Gray hair is a crown of glory; it is gained in a righteous life.32 Whoever is slow to anger is better than the mighty, and he who rules his spirit than he who takes a city.33 The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD. Footnotes  15:4 Or healing  15:7 Or the hearts of fools are not steadfast  15:30 Hebrew makes fat  16:2 Or spirits  16:20 Or to a matter  16:25 Hebrew ways of death  16:27 Hebrew what is on his lips  16:30 Hebrew to plan (ESV) Pentateuch and History: Deuteronomy 20 Deuteronomy 20 (Listen) Laws Concerning Warfare 20 “When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots and an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them, for the LORD your God is with you, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt. 2 And when you draw near to the battle, the priest shall come forward and speak to the people 3 and shall say to them, ‘Hear, O Israel, today you are drawing near for battle against your enemies: let not your heart faint. Do not fear or panic or be in dread of them, 4 for the LORD your God is he who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies, to give you the victory.' 5 Then the officers shall speak to the people, saying, ‘Is there any man who has built a new house and has not dedicated it? Let him go back to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man dedicate it. 6 And is there any man who has planted a vineyard and has not enjoyed its fruit? Let him go back to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man enjoy its fruit. 7 And is there any man who has betrothed a wife and has not taken her? Let him go back to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man take her.' 8 And the officers shall speak further to the people, and say, ‘Is there any man who is fearful and fainthearted? Let him go back to his house, lest he make the heart of his fellows melt like his own.' 9 And when the officers have finished speaking to the people, then commanders shall be appointed at the head of the people. 10 “When you draw near to a city to fight against it, offer terms of peace to it. 11 And if it responds to you peaceably and it opens to you, then all the people who are found in it shall do forced labor for you and shall serve you. 12 But if it makes no peace with you, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it. 13 And when the LORD your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and everything else in the city, all its spoil, you shall take as plunder for yourselves. And you shall enjoy the spoil of your enemies, which the LORD your God has given you. 15 Thus you shall do to all the cities that are very far from you, which are not cities of the nations here. 16 But in the cities of these peoples that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance, you shall save alive nothing that breathes, 17 but you shall devote them to complete destruction,1 the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, as the LORD your God has commanded, 18 that they may not teach you to do according to all their abominable practices that they have done for their gods, and so you sin against the LORD your God. 19 “When you besiege a city for a long time, making war against it in order to take it, you shall not destroy its trees by wielding an axe against them. You may eat from them, but you shall not cut them down. Are the trees in the field human, that they should be besieged by you? 20 Only the trees that you know are not trees for food you may destroy and cut down, that you may build siegeworks against the city that makes war with you, until it falls. Footnotes  20:17 That is, set apart (devote) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction) (ESV) Chronicles and Prophets: Amos 4 Amos 4 (Listen) 4 “Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, who are on the mountain of Samaria, who oppress the poor, who crush the needy, who say to your husbands, ‘Bring, that we may drink!'2 The Lord GOD has sworn by his holiness that, behold, the days are coming upon you, when they shall take you away with hooks, even the last of you with fishhooks.3 And you shall go out through the breaches, each one straight ahead; and you shall be cast out into Harmon,” declares the LORD. 4 “Come to Bethel, and transgress; to Gilgal, and multiply transgression; bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days;5 offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving of that which is leavened, and proclaim freewill offerings, publish them; for so you love to do, O people of Israel!” declares the Lord GOD. Israel Has Not Returned to the Lord 6 “I gave you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and lack of bread in all your places, yet you did not return to me,” declares the LORD. 7 “I also withheld the rain from you when there were yet three months to the harvest; I would send rain on one city, and send no rain on another city; one field would have rain, and the field on which it did not rain would wither;8 so two or three cities would wander to another city to drink water, and would not be satisfied; yet you did not return to me,” declares the LORD. 9 “I struck you with blight and mildew; your many gardens and your vineyards, your fig trees and your olive trees the locust devoured; yet you did not return to me,” declares the LORD. 10 “I sent among you a pestilence after the manner of Egypt; I killed your young men with the sword, and carried away your horses,1 and I made the stench of your camp go up into your nostrils; yet you did not return to me,” declares the LORD. 11 “I overthrew some of you, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you were as a brand2 plucked out of the burning; yet you did not return to me,” declares the LORD. 12 “Therefore thus I will do to you, O Israel; because I will do this to you, prepare to meet your God, O Israel!” 13 For behold, he who forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness, and treads on the heights of the earth— the LORD, the God of hosts, is his name! Footnotes  4:10 Hebrew along with the captivity of your horses  4:11 That is, a burning stick (ESV) Gospels and Epistles: Matthew 2:13–23 Matthew 2:13–23 (Listen) The Flight to Egypt 13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.” 14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt I called my son.” Herod Kills the Children 16 Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men. 17 Then was fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Jeremiah: 18 “A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and loud lamentation, Rachel weeping for her children; she refused to be comforted, because they are no more.” The Return to Nazareth 19 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Rise, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child's life are dead.” 21 And he rose and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and being warned in a dream he withdrew to the district of Galilee. 23 And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled, that he would be called a Nazarene. (ESV)
One of the most well-known verses in the Bible is Mt.7:1. This is the “Judge not” verse. It is often used as a shield to prevent others from passing judgment on sin a person is committing, but the true meaning is much, much different. In this message, I take a look at this verse. 04.24.22.Judge.Not.Tim.McCool.mp3
Psalms and Wisdom: Proverbs 13–14 Proverbs 13–14 (Listen) 13 A wise son hears his father's instruction, but a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.2 From the fruit of his mouth a man eats what is good, but the desire of the treacherous is for violence.3 Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.4 The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied.5 The righteous hates falsehood, but the wicked brings shame1 and disgrace.6 Righteousness guards him whose way is blameless, but sin overthrows the wicked.7 One pretends to be rich,2 yet has nothing; another pretends to be poor,3 yet has great wealth.8 The ransom of a man's life is his wealth, but a poor man hears no threat.9 The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.10 By insolence comes nothing but strife, but with those who take advice is wisdom.11 Wealth gained hastily4 will dwindle, but whoever gathers little by little will increase it.12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.13 Whoever despises the word5 brings destruction on himself, but he who reveres the commandment6 will be rewarded.14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.15 Good sense wins favor, but the way of the treacherous is their ruin.716 Every prudent man acts with knowledge, but a fool flaunts his folly.17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a faithful envoy brings healing.18 Poverty and disgrace come to him who ignores instruction, but whoever heeds reproof is honored.19 A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul, but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools.20 Whoever walks with the wise becomes wise, but the companion of fools will suffer harm.21 Disaster8 pursues sinners, but the righteous are rewarded with good.22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children, but the sinner's wealth is laid up for the righteous.23 The fallow ground of the poor would yield much food, but it is swept away through injustice.24 Whoever spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is diligent to discipline him.925 The righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite, but the belly of the wicked suffers want.14 The wisest of women builds her house, but folly with her own hands tears it down.2 Whoever walks in uprightness fears the LORD, but he who is devious in his ways despises him.3 By the mouth of a fool comes a rod for his back,10 but the lips of the wise will preserve them.4 Where there are no oxen, the manger is clean, but abundant crops come by the strength of the ox.5 A faithful witness does not lie, but a false witness breathes out lies.6 A scoffer seeks wisdom in vain, but knowledge is easy for a man of understanding.7 Leave the presence of a fool, for there you do not meet words of knowledge.8 The wisdom of the prudent is to discern his way, but the folly of fools is deceiving.9 Fools mock at the guilt offering, but the upright enjoy acceptance.1110 The heart knows its own bitterness, and no stranger shares its joy.11 The house of the wicked will be destroyed, but the tent of the upright will flourish.12 There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way to death.1213 Even in laughter the heart may ache, and the end of joy may be grief.14 The backslider in heart will be filled with the fruit of his ways, and a good man will be filled with the fruit of his ways.15 The simple believes everything, but the prudent gives thought to his steps.16 One who is wise is cautious13 and turns away from evil, but a fool is reckless and careless.17 A man of quick temper acts foolishly, and a man of evil devices is hated.18 The simple inherit folly, but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.19 The evil bow down before the good, the wicked at the gates of the righteous.20 The poor is disliked even by his neighbor, but the rich has many friends.21 Whoever despises his neighbor is a sinner, but blessed is he who is generous to the poor.22 Do they not go astray who devise evil? Those who devise good meet14 steadfast love and faithfulness.23 In all toil there is profit, but mere talk tends only to poverty.24 The crown of the wise is their wealth, but the folly of fools brings folly.25 A truthful witness saves lives, but one who breathes out lies is deceitful.26 In the fear of the LORD one has strong confidence, and his children will have a refuge.27 The fear of the LORD is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.28 In a multitude of people is the glory of a king, but without people a prince is ruined.29 Whoever is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a hasty temper exalts folly.30 A tranquil15 heart gives life to the flesh, but envy16 makes the bones rot.31 Whoever oppresses a poor man insults his Maker, but he who is generous to the needy honors him.32 The wicked is overthrown through his evildoing, but the righteous finds refuge in his death.33 Wisdom rests in the heart of a man of understanding, but it makes itself known even in the midst of fools.1734 Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people.35 A servant who deals wisely has the king's favor, but his wrath falls on one who acts shamefully. Footnotes  13:5 Or stench  13:7 Or One makes himself rich  13:7 Or another makes himself poor  13:11 Or by fraud  13:13 Or a word  13:13 Or a commandment  13:15 Probable reading (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate); Hebrew is rugged, or is an enduring rut  13:21 Or Evil  13:24 Or who loves him disciplines him early  14:3 Or In the mouth of a fool is a rod of pride  14:9 Hebrew but among the upright is acceptance  14:12 Hebrew ways of death  14:16 Or fears [the Lord]  14:22 Or show  14:30 Or healing  14:30 Or jealousy  14:33 Or Wisdom rests quietly in the heart of a man of understanding, but makes itself known in the midst of fools (ESV) Pentateuch and History: Deuteronomy 19 Deuteronomy 19 (Listen) Laws Concerning Cities of Refuge 19 “When the LORD your God cuts off the nations whose land the LORD your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses, 2 you shall set apart three cities for yourselves in the land that the LORD your God is giving you to possess. 3 You shall measure the distances1 and divide into three parts the area of the land that the LORD your God gives you as a possession, so that any manslayer can flee to them. 4 “This is the provision for the manslayer, who by fleeing there may save his life. If anyone kills his neighbor unintentionally without having hated him in the past—5 as when someone goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and his hand swings the axe to cut down a tree, and the head slips from the handle and strikes his neighbor so that he dies—he may flee to one of these cities and live, 6 lest the avenger of blood in hot anger pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him fatally, though the man did not deserve to die, since he had not hated his neighbor in the past. 7 Therefore I command you, You shall set apart three cities. 8 And if the LORD your God enlarges your territory, as he has sworn to your fathers, and gives you all the land that he promised to give to your fathers—9 provided you are careful to keep all this commandment, which I command you today, by loving the LORD your God and by walking ever in his ways—then you shall add three other cities to these three, 10 lest innocent blood be shed in your land that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance, and so the guilt of bloodshed be upon you. 11 “But if anyone hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and attacks him and strikes him fatally so that he dies, and he flees into one of these cities, 12 then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there, and hand him over to the avenger of blood, so that he may die. 13 Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood2 from Israel, so that it may be well with you. Property Boundaries 14 “You shall not move your neighbor's landmark, which the men of old have set, in the inheritance that you will hold in the land that the LORD your God is giving you to possess. Laws Concerning Witnesses 15 “A single witness shall not suffice against a person for any crime or for any wrong in connection with any offense that he has committed. Only on the evidence of two witnesses or of three witnesses shall a charge be established. 16 If a malicious witness arises to accuse a person of wrongdoing, 17 then both parties to the dispute shall appear before the LORD, before the priests and the judges who are in office in those days. 18 The judges shall inquire diligently, and if the witness is a false witness and has accused his brother falsely, 19 then you shall do to him as he had meant to do to his brother. So you shall purge the evil3 from your midst. 20 And the rest shall hear and fear, and shall never again commit any such evil among you. 21 Your eye shall not pity. It shall be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. Footnotes  19:3 Hebrew road  19:13 Or the blood of the innocent  19:19 Or evil person (ESV) Chronicles and Prophets: Amos 3 Amos 3 (Listen) Israel's Guilt and Punishment 3 Hear this word that the LORD has spoken against you, O people of Israel, against the whole family that I brought up out of the land of Egypt: 2 “You only have I known of all the families of the earth; therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities. 3 “Do two walk together, unless they have agreed to meet?4 Does a lion roar in the forest, when he has no prey? Does a young lion cry out from his den, if he has taken nothing?5 Does a bird fall in a snare on the earth, when there is no trap for it? Does a snare spring up from the ground, when it has taken nothing?6 Is a trumpet blown in a city, and the people are not afraid? Does disaster come to a city, unless the LORD has done it? 7 “For the Lord GOD does nothing without revealing his secret to his servants the prophets.8 The lion has roared; who will not fear? The Lord GOD has spoken; who can but prophesy?” 9 Proclaim to the strongholds in Ashdod and to the strongholds in the land of Egypt, and say, “Assemble yourselves on the mountains of Samaria, and see the great tumults within her, and the oppressed in her midst.”10 “They do not know how to do right,” declares the LORD, “those who store up violence and robbery in their strongholds.” 11 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “An adversary shall surround the land and bring down1 your defenses from you, and your strongholds shall be plundered.” 12 Thus says the LORD: “As the shepherd rescues from the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear, so shall the people of Israel who dwell in Samaria be rescued, with the corner of a couch and part2 of a bed. 13 “Hear, and testify against the house of Jacob,” declares the Lord GOD, the God of hosts,14 “that on the day I punish Israel for his transgressions, I will punish the altars of Bethel, and the horns of the altar shall be cut off and fall to the ground.15 I will strike the winter house along with the summer house, and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses3 shall come to an end,” declares the LORD. Footnotes  3:11 Hebrew An adversary, one who surrounds the land—he shall bring down  3:12 The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain  3:15 Or and many houses (ESV) Gospels and Epistles: Matthew 1:18–2:12 Matthew 1:18–2:12 (Listen) The Birth of Jesus Christ 18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ1 took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed2 to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19 And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. 20 But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: 23 “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel”&l
Wake the Faith up Slayer… This is Garth Heckman with the David Alliance and you can reach me at TDAgiantslayer@gmail.com Brought to you by wellbuiltbody.com Gym Apparel for men and women that rocks and shocks and ain't for everybody - but just might be for you. wellbuiltbody.com Venus Williams, Barry Manilow, Amari Cooper, Greg Kinnear and of course Olga Khokhlova was a Ukrainian ballet dancer Its my birthday… Guess what? I share it with another famous person…ok, not that I am famous- but anyway. Jesus was born today… say what? You thought it was December 25th? no no no no… that is just the date the tradition was picked up by the catholic church… check this out. According to the newspaper, Australian stargazer Dave Reneke used complex computer software to chart the exact positions of all celestial bodies and map the night sky as it would have appeared over the Holy Land more than 2,000 years ago. He discovered that a bright star really did appear over Bethlehem 2,000 years ago - but pinpointed the date of Christ's birth as June 17, and not December 25. Scientists claim the Christmas star was most likely a magnificent conjunction of the planets Venus and Jupiter, which were so close together they would have shone unusually brightly as a single 'beacon of light' which appeared suddenly... Mr Reneke says the wise men probably interpreted it as the sign they had been waiting for, and they followed the ‘star' to Christ's birthplace in a stable in Bethlehem, as described in the Bible. Generally accepted research has placed the nativity to somewhere between 3BC and 1AD. Using the St Matthew's Gospel as a reference point, Mr Reneke pinpointed the planetary conjunction, which appeared in the constellation of Leo, to the exact date of June 17 in the year 2BC. Mr Reneke, who is editor of Sky and Space magazine, said: ‘We have software that can recreate the night sky exactly as it was at any point in the last several thousand years. ‘Venus and Jupiter became very close in the the year 2BC and they would have appeared to be one bright beacon of light. ‘We are not saying this was definitely the Christmas star - but it is the strongest explanation for it of any I have seen so far. ‘Astronomy is such a precise science, we can plot exactly where the planets were, and it certainly seems this is the fabled Christmas star. There's no other explanation that so closely matches the facts we have from the time. ‘This could well have been what the three wise men interpreted as a sign. They could easily have mistaken it for one bright star.' Titus 2:1-3 But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good, Sober minded: free from others negative influences. Free from life dominating things. What does this mean? NO PEER PRESSURE… I am so glad I have never been a slave to peer pressure… all I know is that my life was like this growing up… My parents loved me- and so I really didn't give a flipping nickel what you thought of me Then my wife loved me- and so I really didn't give a flipping nickel what you thought of me Ultimately I understood how much Jesus loved me - and so I really didn't give a flipping nickel what you thought of me Do not be that person that looks back later in life and says “why did I let them influence me”. Dignified - sober and revered for good judgement - Do the right thing even when no one is watching. The preacher who bought a burger and fries, paid for it and got to much back. he went up to the cashier and said “you gave me to much money back… the guy said “I know, I wanted to see what you would do Preacher”. Self controlled - this is more than just living in the middle of the road, but rather looking like a person of balance in the eyes of God. You are not swayed by one opinion or one doctrine of the bible or one cause or one this or that… you dominate the middle ground of Gods word in all things. Sound in faith love and steadfastness - you function in all these areas holistically and with in the needs of others. What does that mean? you are not a person who is very verbal or affectionate with love- but you are sound… you know your kids, your spouse need that so you do it outside of your comfort zone, you do it anyway, because it is what they need. You are sound! Solid, you don't flinch when it comes to what they need even if it makes you feel uncomfortable! and by the way that word there “steadfastness” means perseverance. You keep doing it, because it is right!
We love this family, and so will you! James Stephany serves on the Greeting Team at Bethlehem, attending and serving along with his entire family. We are incredibly grateful for the kingdom impact they continue to have. In this delightful Father's Day episode, meet James; his children Courtney, Aaron, and Casey; and sons-in-law Dylan and Josh. Listen in, be encouraged, and learn how to be intentional, authentic, and consistent in your walk with Christ and have an impact on leading your family.
In the final message of a series preached by Brother Luke, he continues to look at the ways in which we experience being saved here and now, but not in an eternal way. Here he takes up the subject of how baptism saves us now, and how that is distinct from Jesus saving us eternally. …
Epistle Reading: Acts 2:1-11 WHEN THE DAY of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. And they were amazed and wondered, saying, "Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontos and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians, we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God." Gospel Reading: John 7:37-52; 8:12 On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and proclaimed, "If any one thirst, let him come to me and drink. He who believes in me, as the scripture has said, 'Out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water.'" Now this he said about the Spirit, which those who believed in him were to receive; for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified. When they heard these words, some of the people said, "This is really the prophet." Others said, "This is the Christ." But some said, "Is the Christ to come from Galilee? Has not the scripture said that the Christ is descended from David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?" So there was a division among the people over him. Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him. The officers then went back to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, "Why did you not bring him?" The officers answered, "No man ever spoke like this man!" The Pharisees answered them, "Are you led astray, you also? Have any of the authorities or of the Pharisees believed in him? But this crowd, who do not know the law, are accursed." Nikodemos, who had gone to him before, and who was one of them, said to them, "Does our law judge a man without first giving him a hearing and learning what he does?" They replied, "Are you from Galilee too? Search and you will see that no prophet is to rise from Galilee." Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, "I am the light of the world; he who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."
Morning: Ezra 1–2 Ezra 1–2 (Listen) The Proclamation of Cyrus 1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: 2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel—he is the God who is in Jerusalem. 4 And let each survivor, in whatever place he sojourns, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with beasts, besides freewill offerings for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.” 5 Then rose up the heads of the fathers' houses of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and the Levites, everyone whose spirit God had stirred to go up to rebuild the house of the LORD that is in Jerusalem. 6 And all who were about them aided them with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, with beasts, and with costly wares, besides all that was freely offered. 7 Cyrus the king also brought out the vessels of the house of the LORD that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and placed in the house of his gods. 8 Cyrus king of Persia brought these out in the charge of Mithredath the treasurer, who counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah. 9 And this was the number of them: 30 basins of gold, 1,000 basins of silver, 29 censers, 10 30 bowls of gold, 410 bowls of silver, and 1,000 other vessels; 11 all the vessels of gold and of silver were 5,400. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up, when the exiles were brought up from Babylonia to Jerusalem. The Exiles Return 2 Now these were the people of the province who came up out of the captivity of those exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried captive to Babylonia. They returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own town. 2 They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel: 3 the sons of Parosh, 2,172. 4 The sons of Shephatiah, 372. 5 The sons of Arah, 775. 6 The sons of Pahath-moab, namely the sons of Jeshua and Joab, 2,812. 7 The sons of Elam, 1,254. 8 The sons of Zattu, 945. 9 The sons of Zaccai, 760. 10 The sons of Bani, 642. 11 The sons of Bebai, 623. 12 The sons of Azgad, 1,222. 13 The sons of Adonikam, 666. 14 The sons of Bigvai, 2,056. 15 The sons of Adin, 454. 16 The sons of Ater, namely of Hezekiah, 98. 17 The sons of Bezai, 323. 18 The sons of Jorah, 112. 19 The sons of Hashum, 223. 20 The sons of Gibbar, 95. 21 The sons of Bethlehem, 123. 22 The men of Netophah, 56. 23 The men of Anathoth, 128. 24 The sons of Azmaveth, 42. 25 The sons of Kiriath-arim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, 743. 26 The sons of Ramah and Geba, 621. 27 The men of Michmas, 122. 28 The men of Bethel and Ai, 223. 29 The sons of Nebo, 52. 30 The sons of Magbish, 156. 31 The sons of the other Elam, 1,254. 32 The sons of Harim, 320. 33 The sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, 725. 34 The sons of Jericho, 345. 35 The sons of Senaah, 3,630. 36 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, 973. 37 The sons of Immer, 1,052. 38 The sons of Pashhur, 1,247. 39 The sons of Harim, 1,017. 40 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the sons of Hodaviah, 74. 41 The singers: the sons of Asaph, 128. 42 The sons of the gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, and the sons of Shobai, in all 139. 43 The temple servants: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth, 44 the sons of Keros, the sons of Siaha, the sons of Padon, 45 the sons of Lebanah, the sons of Hagabah, the sons of Akkub, 46 the sons of Hagab, the sons of Shamlai, the sons of Hanan, 47 the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar, the sons of Reaiah, 48 the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda, the sons of Gazzam, 49 the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah, the sons of Besai, 50 the sons of Asnah, the sons of Meunim, the sons of Nephisim, 51 the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur, 52 the sons of Bazluth, the sons of Mehida, the sons of Harsha, 53 the sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Temah, 54 the sons of Neziah, and the sons of Hatipha. 55 The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Sotai, the sons of Hassophereth, the sons of Peruda, 56 the sons of Jaalah, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel, 57 the sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth-hazzebaim, and the sons of Ami. 58 All the temple servants and the sons of Solomon's servants were 392. 59 The following were those who came up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsha, Cherub, Addan, and Immer, though they could not prove their fathers' houses or their descent, whether they belonged to Israel: 60 the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, and the sons of Nekoda, 652. 61 Also, of the sons of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Hakkoz, and the sons of Barzillai (who had taken a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called by their name). 62 These sought their registration among those enrolled in the genealogies, but they were not found there, and so they were excluded from the priesthood as unclean. 63 The governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim. 64 The whole assembly together was 42,360, 65 besides their male and female servants, of whom there were 7,337, and they had 200 male and female singers. 66 Their horses were 736, their mules were 245, 67 their camels were 435, and their donkeys were 6,720. 68 Some of the heads of families, when they came to the house of the LORD that is in Jerusalem, made freewill offerings for the house of God, to erect it on its site. 69 According to their ability they gave to the treasury of the work 61,000 darics1 of gold, 5,000 minas2 of silver, and 100 priests' garments. 70 Now the priests, the Levites, some of the people, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the temple servants lived in their towns, and all the rest of Israel3 in their towns. Footnotes  2:69 A daric was a coin weighing about 1/4 ounce or 8.5 grams  2:69 A mina was about 1 1/4 pounds or 0.6 kilogram  2:70 Hebrew all Israel (ESV) Evening: John 19:23–42 John 19:23–42 (Listen) 23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.1 But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things, 25 but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home. The Death of Jesus 28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. Jesus' Side Is Pierced 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. 35 He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. 36 For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.” Jesus Is Buried 38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. 39 Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus2 by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds3 in weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there. Footnotes  19:23 Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin  19:39 Greek him  19:39 Greek one hundred litras; a litra (or Roman pound) was equal to about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams (ESV)