Interview w/ P-Lo on the Bootleg Kev Podcast.Get your first month of BLUECHEW for FREE, use the promo code "Bootleg" or click here: https://go.bluechew.com/bootlegSupport ODDSOX, go to: https://www.oddsoxofficial.com & use the promo code "BOOTLEGKEV" for 20% off at Check Out
I över 40 år personifierade Yassir Arafat den palestinska självständighetsrörelsen. Som ledare för PLO har han beskrivits som såväl en frihetshjälte, en terrorist, en slug realpolitiker och en misslyckad ledare – allt beroende på vem man frågar. Vi frågar Jan Guillou, som både träffat Arafat och stöttat Palestina under lång tid, om hur han ser på Arafats gärning och eftermäle. . Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Zwei Wochen nach Abzug der PLO aus Beirut richteten christliche Milizen in den palästinensischen Flüchtlingslagern Sabra und Shatila ein Massaker an. Das ist vierzig Jahre her. Zeitzeugen erinnern sich. Von Sarah Mersch
Brad Ruben is a rising star in the poker world who has exploded for four World Series of Poker bracelets in the last few years. As a result, the 36-year-old Florida native 'leads the decade' with the most bracelets won so far since 2020.The mixed-games specialist got his first title in August of 2020 during the online series held during the pandemic, taking down the $1,500 pot-limit Omaha event for $220,160. His second bracelet also came in PLO, this time during the 2021 online series. Later that year, as the live series moved to October, Ruben added a win in the $1,500 razz event, even though it was one of the first times he had ever played the game. Then last summer, Ruben was the last man standing in the $1,500 dealer's choice event, joining a club of just 66 players with four or more WSOP bracelets. Ruben donated a portion of the winnings from his last title to the Shields and Stripes organization, a charity that helps first responders who are suffering from PTSD and other mental health issues. It's a cause that is near and dear to Ruben, having had to overcome a very tragic and traumatic experience of his own. Highlights from this interview include running good in Oklahoma, Miami to manatees, Walmart scavenger hunts, how poker paid for studying in Spain, France, and Italy, crushing South Florida PLO games, knowing when to apply pressure, avoiding razz tilt, getting the Phil Hellmuth speech, hypnotherapy, why his ex has one of his bracelets, how poker can battle PTSD, the dangers of trading crypto, being a violin concert master at age 10, developing a Whopper addiction, sounding like Antonio Esfandiari, lucky underwear, and appraising his Pokémon collection.
Najnowszy odcinek szkoleniowy już dostępny! Zgodnie z obietnicą opowiemy w nim o zaburzeniach osobowości z pogranicza czyli osobowości borderline.Z odcinka dowiesz się o tym, jaka jest charakterystyka tego rodzaju zaburzeń, jakie są kryteria diagnostyczne i czym różni się zaburzenie osobowości borderline od organizacji osobowości borderline.Opowiemy również jaką rolę w terapii tego typu struktury osobowości pełni przeniesienie i przeciwprzeniesienie oraz jakie są przyczyny powstawania tego zaburzenia. Nie zabraknie również opisów przypadku oraz scenek.Przypominamy, że dostęp do odcinków szkoleniowych mają jedynie nasi Patroni, dlatego jeżeli zainteresował cię temat tego odcinka, zostań naszym Patronem. Będzie nam bardzo miło!Cały odcinek jest dostępny dla patronów podcastu. Zostań patronem - wejdź na: https://patronite.pl/psycho-logiczne-rozmowyJeśli masz jakieś pytania lub sugestie dotyczące poruszanych tematów skontaktuj się z nami: e-mail: email@example.comO psychoterapii możecie również przeczytać na naszym blogu: https://www.strukturalab.pl/tematy/publikacje/Dołącz do nas na Facebooku: https://www.facebook.com/strukturalaboratoriumpsychoterapii/Instagramie: https://www.instagram.com/strukturalab/Autorzy podcastu:Kasia Bilnik-Barańska: https://www.znanylekarz.pl/katarzyna-bilnik-baranska/psycholog-psychoterapeuta/katowicedr Daniel Melerowicz: https://www.strukturalab.pl/daniel-melerowicz-psycholog-psychoterapeuta/Wszystkie przykłady zaczerpnięte z pracy terapeutycznej zostały zmodyfikowane w celu zachowania pełnej poufności.
P-Lo joins The Morning Roast to talk about his concert event at Thrive Center tomorrow night. It's a free event for everyone to come to. P-Lo talked about his fandom with the Niners and the Warriors and how he was able to network with both teams to hype up the fans. Bonta ask P-Lo how does it feel to be the next great bay area artist. P-Lo also talks about how its his turn to pay it forward and bring up other young artists.
Plošné zvýšení platů zaměstnanců státu o deset procentních bodů je opatřením, které by mělo doprovázet oznámení o zeštíhlení státního aparátu, k němuž ovšem nedošlo. Tvrdí to oba účastníci dnešního vydání pravidelných Reflexí: Miroslav Kalousek a šéfredaktor Reflexu Marek Stoniš. „Máme mít menší a levnější stát. Není možné donekonečna si každý rok kvůli jeho provozu půjčovat více než dvě stě miliard korun,“ upozorňuje Miroslav Kalousek a dodává, že zeštíhlování státu je dokonce ukotveno v programovém prohlášení vlády. „Je pochopitelné, že kabinet Petra Fialy chce prostřednictvím zvýšení platů aspoň částečně kompenzovat svým zaměstnancům vysoké ceny energií, ale těžko může zasypat penězi všechny, kterým to hrozí. Ten problém by se měl řešit systémově,“ dodává Stoniš.
Enjoy free chapters from the new poker book, GTO Poker Gems. The first chapter dives into the complexity of a pure GTO solution and why a game like NLHE (or even PLO) likely will NOT be truly solved in our lifetime. Comparisons between GTO and exploitative approaches get explored through the lens of simplified solved games while also breaking down when these comparisons simply fail. The next chapter looks at GTO bluffing and leverages the perfect polarization model to draw out some macro ideas about bluffs in modern poker. We also attempt to break the solver, which is maybe why we can't have nice things. Get the full GTO Poker Gems book: https://redchippoker.com/gto-gems-book What are ranges in poker?: https://www.splitsuit.com/poker-ranges-reading Free pot odds poker calculator: https://www.splitsuit.com/free-pot-odds-poker-tool Be sure to join our free Discord as well to post hands, ask questions, and join a community of players who love poker as much as you do: https://redchippoker.com/discord
Einst galt der Libanon als die Schweiz des Orients, bis das Land 1975 in einen blutigen Bürgerkrieg versank. Christen, Muslime und Drusen bekämpften sich. Zwischen den Fronten: Die Flüchtlingslager der Palästinenser. Und damit die Verbindung zu einem anderen heißen Konfliktherd. Autorin: Marfa Heimbach Von Marfa Heimbach.
Agneta Ramberg kommer till Libanon, och det första som händer är massakern i Sabra och Shatila. Hör hennes inspelningar och berättelser i den här helt nya dokumentären. 32 år gammal och ny mellanösternkorrespondent för SR: nu ska Agneta Ramberg ta sig an det svårbegripliga inbördeskriget.En natt i september tar hon båten från Cypern mot Beirut. Väl framme är massakern i Sabra och Shatila ett faktum. Israel vill driva ut den palestinska befrielseorganisationen PLO från Libanon och den kristna libanesiska milisen, falangisterna, går in i lägren för att döda och våldta.Hör Agneta Ramberg berätta hur det var att skildra massakern och det långa inbördeskriget.Agneta Ramberg är en av Sveriges mest namnkunniga utrikeskorrespondenter. Under flera decennier bevakade hon världen för SR.Ett program från 2022. Reporter: Sara StenholmProducent: Håkan EngströmSlutmix: Elvira Björnfot
In the latest edition of the PokerNews Podcast, Sarah Herring, Chad Holloway, and Jesse Fullen welcome guest Phil Galfond to the show. The poker legend gives more details on his summer match against the poker dealer who stepped up to play him at some high-stakes online pot-limit Omaha (PLO) action, shares an update on the status of "The Galfond Challenge," and talks about the possibility of playing on PokerGO's High Stakes Duel, maybe against Phil Hellmuth or a PLO edition. He also talks about his recently-released PLO course. Speaking of Hellmuth, the crew discusses Scott Seiver backing out of High Stakes Duel III and Jason Koon stepping up to fill his spot, as well as recap all the big stories coming out of the record-breaking PokerStars and Barcelona© Casino European Poker Tour including Michael Addamo claiming his first-ever EPT title and Giada Fang shipping a $30K Platinum Pass. They also highlight Bobby Tieu's victory in the bestbet Jacksonville Summer Heater Event #1: $400 NLH, and launch the brand new PokerNews Bad Beat Hotline where listeners can call in (+1 702-625-0166) and share their bad beats, which may be featured on a future episode of the show. Listen to those stories and more in the latest episode of the PokerNews Podcast! Time Stamps *Time|Topic* 00:30 | Welcome to the show 00:40 | Teasing guest Phil Galfond 01:54 | Buddies Forever Movie Club 03:30 | Scott Seiver backs out of High Stakes Duel III match against Phil Hellmuth 04:22 | How do you feel about Jason Koon stepping up to take on Hellmuth? 08:00 | Who do you like – Koon or Hellmuth? 09:45 | Sponsor: WPT Global 11:46 | Poker dealer takes shot playing high stakes against Phil Galfond 14:53 | Guest Phil Galfond joins the show 15:50 | Hard to find high-stakes heads-up action 16:40 | What did you think when a mystery opponent sat down? 20:11 | Any update on Run It Once in the US market w/ Rush Street? 21:14 | What's the status of the Galfond Challenge? Will you take on Jungleman? 23:28 | Have you considered taking on Phil Hellmuth in High Stakes Duel? 24:38 | How about a High Stakes Duel PLO edition? 25:48 | The Wisconsin Connection 27:00 | Do you have a water fountain in your house? 27:37 | What's on your poker agenda? 28:00 | Phil Galfond's PLO Course 28:56 | Sponsor PokerStars – WCOOP Schedule released 30:03 | EPT Barcelona Main Event sets a record 31:52 | Estrellas Poker Tour Main Event becomes largest-ever EPT tournament 35:06 | €25K & €50K Single-Day High Roller tournaments killing it at EPT 36:55 | Michael Addamo captures his first EPT title 37:45 | Giada Fang wins Platinum Pass in Ladies Event at EPT Barcelona 38:30 | Bobby Tieu Breaks Through With a Win in Event #1: $400 NLH at the bestbet Summer Heater Series 40:00 | Sponsor: 888poker – Adds $500K to Weekly GTDs 43:40 | Call the Bad Beat Hotline – +1 702-625-0166
Praca psychologa i terapeuty to między innymi dbałość o higienę psychiczną pacjentów. Ale, żeby ”szewc bez butów nie nie chodził”, terapeuci również potrzebują pracy w tym zakresie. W dzisiejszym odcinku porozmawiamy dlaczego higiena psychiczna w zawodach pomocowych jest tak ważna, jak o nią dbać i jakie są na to nasze sposoby.Zapraszamy do słuchania!Jeśli masz jakieś pytania lub sugestie dotyczące poruszanych tematów skontaktuj się z nami: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgO psychoterapii możecie również przeczytać na naszym blogu: https://www.strukturalab.pl/tematy/publikacje/Dołącz do nas na Facebooku: https://www.facebook.com/strukturalaboratoriumpsychoterapii/Instagramie: https://www.instagram.com/strukturalab/Autorzy podcastu:Kasia Bilnik-Barańskadr Daniel Melerowicz: https://www.strukturalab.pl/daniel-melerowicz-psycholog-psychoterapeuta/Wszystkie przykłady zaczerpnięte z pracy terapeutycznej zostały zmodyfikowane w celu zachowania pełnej poufności.
Dan Zack was perhaps the youngest player to get bit by the poker bug when Chris Moneymaker won the 2003 World Series of Poker main event. The Princeton, New Jersey native was just 10 years old at the time, but he was hooked, even going on to read the Harrington on Hold'em strategy series by age 13. The gaming standout had the skills to build up big bankrolls online, but lacked the discipline to hold onto it. After having to rebuild a few times, Zack finally plugged his leaks and it wasn't long before he established himself as a threat in any game he entered. He won his first WSOP bracelet in 2019, taking down the $2,500 Mixed Triple Draw event. The next year, he bubbled the final table of the $10,000 online main event. This summer, the 29-year-old was the runaway winner of the WSOP Player of the Year race, having racked up 16 cashes, four final tables and just over $1.45 million in earnings. He also managed to nab his second and third career bracelets, winning both the $10,000 Omaha eight-or-better championship and the $10,000 stud eight-or-better championship. Highlights from this interview include winning the jar of pennies at the family reunion game, reading Harrington on Hold'em at age 13, losing $20,000 on a church retreat, why children shouldn't learn poker, quitting poker and finding it again in Germany, turning $1,000 into $100,000 in one summer, a crucial PLO pot in the Bahamas, eight 62-hour poker sessions, setting his sights on the series, battling a barker, getting staked for a high roller by a stranger, live stream stakes, losing a $200,000 pot to Garrett Adelstein, getting owned at $2k-$4k by Ray D, betting big on the election, Dustin Diamond, and never having a real job.
This week Jim Reid and the panel interview Clayton Fletcher, host of the popular Tournament Poker Edge podcast. Clayton shares some details about his recent trip to Las Vegas for the World Series of Poker, what it's like to record the podcast on his own, the importance of bankroll management and game selection, what to look for when choosing a table, and a lot more! Clayton is active on Twitter as @claytoncomic Timestamps: 03:22 Welcome & Introduction 06:16 Introduction to Clayton Fletcher 06:52 Clayton's role in the poker world 08:58 Clayton: I love the perfect balance between luck and skill 10:55 How does Clayton host a podcast alone? 19:45 What drew Clayton to the game PLO? 23:38 Clayton talks about his experience in the Poker Go studio 25:35 Clayton on how he decides on a comfortable bankroll for his level 34:16 Clayton's approach to the game has evolved 39:06 Keeping notes on the hands and bringing them into the podcast 47:41 John: Home Game updates 54:39 Rob: Book Study updates We also go over this week's home game results and discuss these topics: How to help us out - https://rec.poker/support/ Home Games - https://rec.poker/homegame/ Go Premium! - https://rec.poker/premium/ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Find our free videos at: http://youtube.com/c/RecPokerCommunity Find more info on our sponsors at: https://RunAces.com https://WebsiteAMP.com RecPoker is a vibrant and encouraging poker learning community. We are committed to learning the game, but our priority is building healthy relationships where we can not only grow in the game, but grow in our enjoyment of life. The free membership website at rec.poker is awesome, but it's just a tool to help us build that community. You can join for FREE, giving you access to the groups, forums, and other member benefits. If you want to enjoy the premium content, or become part of the RECing Crew, those options are available and you can get $10 off your first payment using the code RECPOKER.
Your correspondent fights against his default tendency to play poker too cautiously, especially in double-board bomb pots and bounty games. He also reviews a 5/10 session in which he develops unusual dynamics with his opponents.1:19 "Natural" talent in sports and poker4:00 How studying poker can make us play it less distinctively7:42 How we can improve at poker by fighting against our default tendencies9:06 My difficulties with double-board hold-em bomb pots, double-board PLO bomb pots, and bounties16:50 5/10 NLHE session17:06 QQ on JT5r4rQ22:15 KJss on KJ5r2hh26:45 JJ on AT7r6ss28:13 98o T99rKK30:40 QThh on J22hhxTdd4hhh32:38 A9hh all-in email@example.com
1. Intro 2. The Terrorist in the Ancient world 3. 17th, 18th & 19th Century Terror 4. The Anti-Colonial Wave 5. Extremism and Technology 6. Spectaculars 7. State Sponsored Terrorism and the Lone Wolf 8. The Future p.s. The ReaperWhether the Sicarii of ancient Judea or Al-Qaeda of modern times, terrorist groups and their accompanying violence have scarred human existence for millennia. Technology and human interdependence – along with the rise of air travel, computing and the advent of high explosives – have ensured that anyone with a grudge or malign political motive, can resort to violence in order to achieve their aims. Sometimes that very violence is an end in itself and the late twentieth century saw the rise of terrorist organisations whose aim was to create as much destruction and bloodshed as possible. The late 1960s saw Palestinian terrorism on the rise, closely followed by the radical left wing European groups such as the Red Army faction. Later, there came the mercenary types such as Abu Nidal and Carlos the Jackal. Finally there came the extremist Islamic groups: Al Qaeda and Isis.But the tactics of all these groups flowed from the post-Colonial era, when kidnapping, hostage-taking and car bombings were the norm, and often achieved results. This then is the blood-soaked trail, and the placing of terrorist incidents in the context of wider asymmetric threats. Terrorism can be a tool of both the deranged individual and the oppressive state. We ignore such threats at our peril.
Jeff Tharp interviews Jennifer Martin, co-founder of Contagious Love International. In this episode, Jeff and Jennifer discuss prophetic dreams coming to pass with the overturn of Roe v. Wade, the dark horse youth coming forward, and championing this generation of fire warriors. Watch us LIVE on Wednesday, July 20th at 2 p.m. Pacific Time! ———————— STUFF WE TALKED ABOUT: If you would like to sign up for Jennifer's next "Dark Horse Deliverance School" in New Jersey on August 12-14th, you can register here: https://www.contagiousloveintl.com/ev... WATCH and SHARE the complete playlist of all four episodes of DELIVERANCE ft. JENNIFER MARTIN! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLo... Get “Awaken: The Dark Horse Youth” E-book by Jennifer Martin: https://www.elijahshopper.com/pdf-e-b... AND Get Jennifer's book—“Awaken: The Dark Horse Prophet”: https://www.elijahshopper.com/pdf-e-b... See Jennifer's Upcoming Events Here: https://www.contagiousloveintl.com/ev... Follow ElijahFire on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/elijahfires... Listen to ElijahFire on the go with the ElijahFire Podcast! Listen now on Apple Podcast, Google Podcast, or on Spotify! You can follow us on Spotify right HERE: https://open.spotify.com/show/6yYrpoM... FOLLOW JENNIFER: Show Jennifer some love and SUBSCRIBE to her channel! https://www.youtube.com/c/JenniferMar... Instagram: @jennifermartincli https://www.instagram.com/jennifermar... Facebook: @jennifermartincli https://www.facebook.com/jennifermart... Twitter: @jennifermartin1 https://twitter.com/jennifermartin1 Website: https://www.contagiousloveintl.com/ ———————— FOLLOW US! Listen to ElijahFire on the go with the ElijahFire Podcast! Listen now on Apple Podcast, Google Podcast, or on Spotify! https://open.spotify.com/show/6yYrpoM... SUBSCRIBE to ElijahFire on YouTube: www.youtube.com/channel/UCuNfv0rYQdCL... ElijahFire is on Twitch! @Elijah_Fire https://www.twitch.tv/elijah_fire ElijahFire Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/elijahfires... ElijahFire TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@elijahfireshow ElijahFire Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ElijahFireShow SUBSCRIBE to ElijahFire Rumble: https://rumble.com/c/c-1326244 ElijahFire and ElijahStreams are part of Elijah List Ministries. Thank you for making the always-free Elijah List Ministries possible! Click here to learn how to partner with us: https://secure.qgiv.com/for/efls/ ElijahFire: 525 2nd Ave SW Suite 629 Albany, OR 97321 USA #JenniferMartin #RoeVWade #Youth #Generation #EngageYourFaith #LevelUp #ElijahFire
The Jewish Story Season 5 Episode 18: The Lebanon War Part III – The Invasion Crossing into Lebanon to destroy PLO started as a successful mission, and when the IDF destroyed the Syrian SAM belt in the Bekaa Valley through … Read the rest The post The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part III first appeared on Elmad Online Learning. Continue reading The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part III at Elmad Online Learning.
Epidemie covidu v Česku zrychluje. Ministr zdravotnictví Vlastimil Válek (z TOP 09) připustil, že současná vlna je silnější, než se čekalo. Plošné restrikce ale vláda nechystá. Urychlila možnost očkování další posilující dávkou vakcíny. Jakou strategii má ministerstvo zdravotnictví pro další týdny a měsíce? A proč není v Česku k dispozici lék paxlovid?Host: Martin Čaban - komentátor Seznam ZprávČlánek a další informace najdete na webu Seznam Zprávy.Sledujte nás na sociálních sítích Twitter a Instagram. Náměty a připomínky nám můžete psát na e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
David Wurmser discusses Biden's embarrassing and Anti-Israel trip to the middle east. The significance of the Green Line and East Jerusalem and the history before 1947. As recently as the 1800's Israel and the Jewish population dominated East Jerusalem or the Old City. Then in 1947 it was given to the PLO till Israel took it back in 1967. Still today Christians and Jews are forbidden to go to h most Holy Sites to pray. Truth about Saudi Arabia and who Khashoggi really was. An assistant to an assassination plot against the Royal family working for the Muslim Brotherhood on behalf of Turkey. David Sumrall shares Righting History, a video documentary about the true events of JG and Officer Brian Sesmnick, in which patriots tried for hours to get the DC Police to assist but they refused assistance till it was too late. The murder of four other Americans by DC Capitol Police.
The Jewish Story Season 5 Episode 17: The Lebanon War Part II Operation Peace for the Galilee begins with Israeli jets pounding Yasser Arafat’s PLO bases in southern Lebanon, but there is always a backstory. In this episode learn about … Read the rest The post The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part II first appeared on Elmad Online Learning. Continue reading The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part II at Elmad Online Learning.
The Jewish Story Season 5 Episode 16: The Lebanon War Part I Before we can discuss the outbreak of war between Israel and the PLO in Lebanon, we must lay out the political context. As Yasser Arafat and his Palestinian … Read the rest The post The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part I first appeared on Elmad Online Learning. Continue reading The Jewish Story Season 5: The Lebanon War Part I at Elmad Online Learning.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) has given the Biden Administration what amounts to a list of demands ahead of the President's trip to the Middle East this week. Jay, Jordan, and the rest of the Sekulow team discuss the PLO's demands, provide details on Biden's trip, and give their takes on what the Biden Administration should do. Senators Ted Cruz and Marsha Blackburn both join today's broadcast to discuss this topic and much more today on Sekulow.
Jewish Diaspora Report - Episode 28On this episode of the Jewish Diaspora Report, Host Mike Jordan discusses how the creation and existence of the modern state of Israel caused the Middle-East refugee crisis. Where these refugee camps are located and who is responsible for the poor treatment of the refugees. We will also look into why these camps still exist today and who is funding them.Explore these challenging issues and join the Jewish Diaspora Report for future episodes on issues of Politics, Culture, Current Events and more! Check us out on Instagram @jdr.podcast
The Jewish Story Season 5 Episode Interlude: Interview with Gil Troy Historian and author Gil Troy joins me for a follow-up to the ‘Zionism is Racism’ episode. We talk about ‘Moynihan’s Moment,’ the rise of the PLO, the mental health … Read the rest The post The Jewish Story Season 5, an Interlude and Interview with Gil Troy first appeared on Elmad Online Learning. Continue reading The Jewish Story Season 5, an Interlude and Interview with Gil Troy at Elmad Online Learning.
Are you a hold'em player interested in learning PLO quickly? In this episode, coach “w34z3l” gives you a complete primer on PLO strategy so you can get up to speed right away. Find out which of your NLHE skills translate to Omaha, how things differ preflop, and where you should be increasing your aggression postflop. Enjoy! Download the new GTO Poker Ranges App: https://redchippoker.com/gto-ranges-app Learn about combos & blockers: https://www.splitsuit.com/poker-combos-blockers Interested in Big O? Start here: https://redchippoker.com/how-to-play-big-o-poker/ Be sure to join our free Discord as well to post hands, ask questions, and join a community of players who love poker as much as you do: https://redchippoker.com/discord
Warning: Cursed Episode! On this ep we talk about: OUR MERCH at www.HeyPlebes.threadless.com (00:01:15), Grab your Drink starting at (00:04:45), P-Lo Origins (00:05:50), “Hey There, Delilah” song (00:12:05), ALLEGED Ashley Biden Journal Tells All (00:22:30), Chat vs Shat (00:37:05), QUERIES (00:41:45), (01:01:32) 1st Mexican-born Congresswoman Mayra Flores (01:09:50), No Trumps Game (01:12:55), Miki's humor is Southern Dad (01:24:30), Mikis Roast Party (01:32:05) and MORE!TAKE A SHOT: Every time LG says “Here's the thing”TAKE A SHOT: Every time someone says “Life.” RIP
Clint goes to Vegas for the WSOP, plays cash, and tries his luck out at the housewarming event. Tyler continues to try his luck in the PLO streets, and tries to embrace the variance of the great game.
In this episode, BICOM Director Richard Pater speaks to Dr Michael Milshtein, a colonel (res.) in the Israel Defense Forces and former head of the Department for Palestinians Affairs in the IDF Intelligence Unit. They discuss the latest threats posed by Hamas. Michael talks about the recent appointment of Hussein al-Sheikh as secretary-General of the PLO and whether recent threats by the Palestinian Authority to end recognition of Israel are genuine or not. They also reflect upon internal Israeli-Arab affairs and the successes and failures of Ra'am as the coalition approaches one year in power. Michael is a senior analyst at the Institute for Policy and Strategy (IPS) at Reichman University and Head of the Palestinian Studies Forum at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel-Aviv University.
Tyler tests the PLO waters after having no interests in it for a long time. He takes video, and plays with the idea of having a vlog and what it would take to do it. Clint plays a tournament for the first time in a long time, and realizes the room doesn't know what an ICM chop is?
We got a good one today!!!! @p_lo is here!! He got new music!! And is rocking with the warriors! Can we get him wrong too!! @bayareafoodz is here with the best eats in the bay!! Buts it's levels! Where do you take the side chick!?? What can she order?? AND 1's 30 for 30 documentary came out today! Could be bring it back?? Hard to play in hoochie daddy shorts! Enjoy
Sometimes you just get hit in the face with the deck. Those are the poker stories we hear on this edition of Run Good Stories. Find out who is the King of Flips and who turned $78 into almost $2K after a almost a $4K winner at the PLO table. So many poker players only want to tell the bad beat stories, join us on this episode of the Overlay for the positive side of the reason we all play poker. If you are enjoying our show please subscribe and leave us a 5-star review on Apple Podcasts. If you are listing on Spotify please hit that follow button. Wherever you listen to our podcast please share us with your friends or enemies (however you see fit) and we thank you for supporting our poker podcast.Have questions or suggestions for the show? Want Brandon to go over a hand you just played? Have a prop bet story for Ken? Send us a tweet or direct message on Twitter.Follow us on Twitter @theoverlaypod and check out our website at LinkTr.ee/theoverlaypod or search for and listen to The Overlay a poker podcast on all major podcast apps and platforms.A BIG THANK YOU TO OUR SPONSORS:Are you in the Chicago-land area? Check out LinkTr.ee/CCGpoker for weekend charity poker events with great tournaments and cash game action.Are you in the Houston, TX area? Check out LinkTr.ee/ParamountPoker for a members-only poker club with tournament action and cash games running 6 days a week. Are you not a member? Mention The Overlay a poker podcast when you sign up to become a member and pay $0 for your initiation fee.
Clint and Tyler go over the good and bad of the popular game PLO bomb pots in Texas. They go over a hand that was submitted to Crush Live Poker discord, and got an answer from Bart Hanson himself. Clint has 2 sessions, and goes over key hands from each session.
DISTARK in the mix: 01. T-Fest - Не помню 02. Scratcher - Niggas life 03. Vee Tha Rula & DAX - Sumn Serious 04. SLAVA VORONTSOV - Соус 05. Meek Mill ft. Rick Ross & Jay Z - What's Free 06. SAINt JHN - White Parents Are Gonna Hate This 07. MeeK Mill ft. Drake - Going Bad 08. Tyga ft. 2 Chainz - Hijack 09. DMNZ - Mercy 10. J-Soul - Dark Clouds 11. Ski Mask The Slump God - Faucet Failure 12. Post Malone - Wow 13. Gucci Mane - Stomp 14. Meek Mill ft. Drake - R.I.C.O. 15. Lil Wayne ft. XXXTENTACION - Don't Cry FEIDEK in the mix: 01. Lil Wayne - A Milli 02. P-Lo ft. G-Eazy - Feel Good 03. Cartel Madras - Goonda Gold 04. EST Gee ft. Future - Dead Wrong 05. Bearded Legend, Sinizter - Find Out 06. Eyez Hate U, Undagroundmane - EVOLVE 07. Scarface - Gangsta 08. D Smoke, Snoop Dogg - Gaspar Yanga 09. Tommy Genesis - men 10. SPIDER GANG ft. Wendigo, Lil Darkie - the napoleonic wars 11. A$AP Rocky - Multiply 12. Lil' Kim - Lighters Up 13. Bizarre & Hopsin - Leather Face (ft. King Gordy & Lazarus) 14. Skrillex & Noisia, josh pan - Supersonic VIP (My Existence)
You may have heard about the first Gulf War - basically the entire world vs. Saddam Hussein. But though 34 countries - 34! - entered the alliance against Iraq, Israel didn't. So why on earth did missiles begin to rain down on Israel? In this episode, Noam breaks down how the 1991 Gulf War affected ordinary Israelis, tested the US-Israel relationship, and even challenged the long-held Zionist ethos. ~~~~ This season of Unpacking Israeli History is generously sponsored by Marci & Andrew Spitzer and Barbara Sommer & Alan Fisher, and this episode is generously sponsored by the Center For Advancement of Jewish Education, and The Jewish Federation of Northern NJ. ~~~~ Bibliography: Alston, Adam Eley and Katie. “The Ex-CIA Agent Who Interrogated Saddam Hussein.” BBC News, BBC, 4 Jan. 2017, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38497767. “Saddam Hussein -- Iraq's 'President for Life'.” The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor, 26 Aug. 1981, https://www.csmonitor.com/1981/0826/082659.html. “Before The Revolution | Trailer.” YouTube, uploaded by Journeyman Pictures, 9 March 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMrmK2VGmmg&ab_channel=JourneymanPictures. “Persian Gulf.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/place/Persian-Gulf. “Saddam Hussein.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saddam-Hussein. Riedel, Bruce. “Lessons from America's First War with Iran.” Brookings, Brookings, 28 July 2016, https://www.brookings.edu/articles/lessons-from-americas-first-war-with-iran/. “Iran-Iraq War.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., https://www.britannica.com/event/Iran-Iraq-War Ottaway, David B. “Gulf Arabs Place Reins on Iraq While Filling Its War Chest.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 21 Dec. 1981, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1981/12/21/gulf-arabs-place-reins-on-iraq-while-filling-its-war-chest/f99361f1-f9b8-47d2-9c97-f7058c3dc83d/. U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/gulf-war. “The Use of Terror during Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait.” The War on Terror: Target Iraq | The Use of Terror during Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait, https://web.archive.org/web/20050124091425/http://www.jafi.org.il/education/actual/iraq/3.html. Research, CNN Editorial. “Gulf War Fast Facts.” CNN, CNN, 29 July 2020, https://web.archive.org/web/20201112020744/https://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/15/world/meast/gulf-war-fast-facts/index.html. Encyclopædia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/video/188970/Pres-George-HW-Congress-Bush-Iraq-Kuwait-1990. Accessed 27 Apr. 2022. Hammer, Juliane, and Helena Lindholm Schulz. The Palestinian Diaspora: Formation of Identities and Politics of Homeland, Routledge, London, 2005, pp. 67 Khalidi, Rashid I. “The Palestinians and the Gulf Crisis.” Current History, vol. 90, no. 552, 1991, pp. 18–37, http://www.jstor.org/stable/45316464. Accessed 28 Apr. 2022. Shlaim, Avi. “Palestine and Iraq.” MIFTAH, http://www.miftah.org/Display.cfm?DocId=3335&CategoryId=8. Post, Jerrold M. “Perspective on Saddam Hussein : Crazy like a Fox : He Is Narcissistic, Charismatic, Ruthless and Shrewd; He Will Do What He Must to Fulfill His Messianic Destiny.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 25 Jan. 1991, https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1991-01-25-me-491-story.html. “Palestinians: What do you think about Saddam Hussein?” Youtube. Uploaded by Corey Gil-Shuster, 2 Jan 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLeB6UwyD1k&ab_channel=CoreyGil-Shuster Sciolino, Elaine. The Outlaw State: Saddam Hussein's Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis. Wiley, New York, 1991. Anfal Campaign and Kurdish Genocide - Department of Information Technology, KRG, https://us.gov.krd/en/issues/anfal-campaign-and-kurdish-genocide/. Shapira, Anita. Israel: A History. London: Phoenix, 2015. Shlaim, Avi. “Israel and the Conflict.” International Perspectives on the Gulf Conflict, 1990-91, edited by Alex Danchev and Dan Keohane, St Martin's Press, 1994, pp. 59-79. “The Gulf War in Israel, Explained.” YouTube, uploaded by Israel Defense Forces, 1 March 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENOcD4pQGzg&ab_channel=IsraelDefenseForces “When Saddam Hussein fired salvos of Scud missiles into Israel 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by l'ère Houari Boumediene. 8 January 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNhS8A9MUSw “News - Gulf War - Scud Missiles Hit Israel - Bush & Schwartzkoff News Conferences - 18 Jan 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by Mary Van Deusen FanVids. Kifner, John. “3 Die, 96 Are Hurt in Israeli Suburb.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Jan. 1991, https://www.nytimes.com/1991/01/23/world/war-in-the-gulf-tel-aviv-3-die-96-are-hurt-in-israeli-suburb.html. فيديو video قصف اسرائيل فقط صدام فعلهالتقريركاملsadam hosin. Youtube. Uploaded by a7medasaaal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7YbJsDYNi4&t=71s staff, TOI, et al. “'Saddam Gave Orders to Fire Chemical Weapons at Tel Aviv If He Was Toppled in First Gulf War'.” The Times of Israel, 25 Jan. 2014, https://www.timesofisrael.com/saddam-gave-orders-to-fire-chemical-weapons-at-tel-aviv-if-he-was-toppled-in-first-gulf-war/. Shamir, Yitzhak. Summing Up: An Autobiography. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1994. Zacks, Gordon. Defining Moments: Stories of Character, Courage and Leadership. Beaufort Books, 2015. Eban, Abba. Personal Witness: Israel through My Eyes. Jonathan Cape, 1993. Gross, Judah Ari, et al. “'We're Going to Attack Iraq,' Israel Told the US. 'Move Your Planes'.” The Times of Israel, 18 Jan. 2018, https://www.timesofisrael.com/were-going-to-attack-iraq-israel-told-the-us-move-your-planes/. “Persian Gulf War: Israeli Ambassador.” C-SPAN, https://www.c-span.org/video/?15919-1%2Fpersian-gulf-war-israeli-ambassador. Brinkley, Joel. “Yitzhak Shamir, Former Israeli Prime Minister, Dies at 96.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 30 June 2012, https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/01/world/middleeast/yitzhak-shamir-former-prime-minister-of-israel-dies-at-96.html. “Gulf War Saddam Hussein Scud Attack On Israel Tel Aviv | Prince Hassan Bin Talal | This Week | 1991.” Youtube. Uploaded by Thames TV. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YmS6QYF_PoM&ab_channel=ThamesTv “Iraqi Army: World's 5th Largest but Full of Vital Weaknesses.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles Times, 13 Aug. 1990, https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1990-08-13-mn-465-story.html. Mattar, Philip. “The PLO and the Gulf Crisis.” Middle East Journal, vol. 48, no. 1, 1994, pp. 31–46, http://www.jstor.org/stable/4328660. Accessed 3 May 2022. Prusher, Ilene. “Palestinian Discretion Is Better Part of Valour.” The Irish Times, The Irish Times, 14 Nov. 1998, https://www.irishtimes.com/news/palestinian-discretion-is-better-part-of-valour-1.214565. Hadida, Avi (Lt. Col). “The Reflection of Israeli Society in Popular War-Songs.” June 2015, https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1012786.pdf יוסי מימון - אדון סדאם סדאם המטומטם. Youtube. Uploaded by duduwar. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R5cPRuEmcQ4&ab_channel=duduwar
Our guest this week is Chance Kornuth. Chance is a poker player and founder of Chip Leader Coaching. He has over $10 million in career earnings, We welcome your questions - send them to us at email@example.com, or you can find me at @RWM21 on Twitter or https://www.facebook.com/GamblingWithAnEdge. Show Notes [00:00] Introduction of poker player, Chance Kornuth [00:48] Chance's success and notoriety [01:36] Las Vegas charity poker tournament [03:27] Chip leader coaching [04:26] Chance's poker beginnings, quitting college to play professionally [07:15] Reading poker tells [10:10] WSOP incident [13:11] PLO match with Phil Galfond [16:37] Playing cash games [17:11] Chance's other product offerings [21:21] Playing short deck and other games [25:27] Learning short deck strategy [26:36] Upcoming live tell product [28:15] Final table consulting [34:06] South Point Casino May Promotions - Half-priced gas and goods, Mother's Day candy promo [35:15] http://BlackjackApprenticeship.com - blackjack training site with analytical software, members forum, and chat room [35:45] http://VideoPoker.com/gwae - Gold Membership offers correction on most games, free Pro Membership trial for GWAE listeners [36:57] Advice for recreational players looking to advance [42:10] Cheating claims, player protection, and blacklisting [48:45] What events will Chance play in WSOP? [49:21] Recommended: Heads You Win by Jeffrey Archer, Penn and Teller at the Rio, Comedy Cellar at the Rio, Xiao Long Dumplings Sponsored Links: http://SouthPointCasino.com http://BlackjackApprenticeship.com http://VideoPoker.com/gwae Guest Links: http://Clcpoker.com http://Twitter.com/chancescards Recommended: Heads You Win by Jeffrey Archer https://amzn.to/3L8BqHQ Penn and Teller at the Rio The Comedy Cellar at the Rio http://Xiaolongdumplings.com Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
On episode #84 of the CardsChat podcast we have the pleasure of welcoming Kevin Gerhart. Kevin is one of the best mixed game players in the world today, but believe it or not, it's possible that you may not have heard about him. He has won not one – not two – not three – but FOUR WSOP bracelets in events as diverse as Razz, PLO, PLO8 and HORSE, and has over $1.2 million in career live tournament earnings. We've got Kevin, right here for you for a great conversation and on this show we get to know him a little better.
Na sklonku německé okupace Čech a Moravy se nacistické bezpečnostní a ozbrojené síly (gestapo, SS, wehrmacht) pomstily obyvatelům několika vsí a osad, kteří na Valašsku pomáhali partyzánům. Například 19. dubna 1945 vypálili členové „trestného komanda“ pasekářskou osadu Ploština a zavraždili tam přes dvacet lidí, o čtyři dny později brutálně zavraždili více než dvacet lidí v Prlově a zapálili osm domů.Všechny díly podcastu Příběhy 20. století můžete pohodlně poslouchat v mobilní aplikaci mujRozhlas pro Android a iOS nebo na webu mujRozhlas.cz.
Clint goes to a vlogger meet up game that features Ben Deach, Ryan Depaulo, and Poker Face Ashe, and gets into a very interesting hand with Ben Deach. Clint goes over the vlogger meet up game, the new room, and a session at TCH. Tyler plays PLO to keep the action players in the game, and gets action.
Hello there! Today Isabella and Ceaira took a break from their Inquisitor discussions to just have a good Star Wars talk. Join them as they share musical breakthroughs, what's been going on in their Rebels rewatch, hold a Marvel vs. Star Wars in a who would win, and appreciate Plo's bros the Wolfpack. !!SPOILER WARNING!! Being a Star Wars podcast we freely talk about every movie/show including: Every Movie, The Clone Wars, The Bad Batch, Rebels, The Book of Boba Fett, and The Mandalorian.
Crossing into Lebanon to destroy PLO started as a successful mission, and when the IDF destroyed the Syrian SAM belt in the Bekaa Valley through Operation Mole Cricket 19 it looked like victory was assured. Nonetheless as Defense Minister Ariel Sharon pursued Yasser Arafat (and his dreams of a peace treaty) into the Siege of Beirut, he discovered that his Maronite allies were not to be trusted and that it is easier to enter Lebanon than to leave.
Crossing into Lebanon to destroy PLO started as a successful mission, and when the IDF destroyed the Syrian SAM belt in the Bekaa Valley through Operation Mole Cricket 19 it looked like victory was assured. Nonetheless as Defense Minister Ariel Sharon pursued Yasser Arafat (and his dreams of a peace treaty) into the Siege of Beirut, he discovered that his Maronite allies were not to be trusted and that it is easier to enter Lebanon than to leave.
Phil Galfond has made his mark on pretty much every part of the poker world. Not only is the Maryland native considered one of the best to ever play the game, but he's also been recognized as a prolific poker coach, and even operated his own online poker site, Run It Once.The 37-year-old recently sold that site to Rush Street Interactive, which is planning to enter the regulated US online poker market. His training site, which shares the same name, features elite poker coaches and recently unveiled Galfond's comprehensive pot-limit Omaha strategy course. The high-stakes pro is regarded as one of the best PLO players in the world today, and has been solidifying that reputation with his ongoing Galfond Challenge, taking on all comers while laying odds. He is currently 4-0, including a €900,000 comeback win. Although he mostly focuses on cash games, he has found success in tournaments, winning three bracelets at the World Series of Poker.Highlights from this interview include scoring four touchdowns with a broken arm, Phil Hellmuth's alma mater, the guy who got him into poker, an eye-opening losing summer, winning notoriety with a bracelet, a desire to teach others, coming out of 'retirement,' doubting himself during the challenge, the problem with focusing on solvers, what it takes to start an online poker site, selling his company, avoiding soap operas, shooting his shot over Twitter, a $700,000 five-card draw pot, answering the phone at Domino's, and how many slices of pizza he can eat in ten minutes.
In the latest PokerNews Podcast, Chad Holloway and Jesse Fullen discuss their recent road trip across the Lone Star State as a part of PokerNews' Texas Week. Along with senior writer Jon Sofen, the trio spent six days traveling to 26 different poker rooms in Houston, Austin, Odessa, Midland, Fort Worth, Dallas, and College Station. They also swung by Doyle Brunson's hometown of Longworth as well as Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, where "Texas Dolly" attended college and excelled at both basketball and track. In addition to exploring rooms such as Texas Card House, The Lodge (where they touched base with Doug Polk), KoJack's, Red Star Social, Shuffle 214, Wautauga Social Lounge, Poker House Dallas, and Game On Social, the crew also stopped by some historical poker sites, such as the graves of Poker Hall of Famers Jack "Treetop" Straus and Johnny Moss. The Texas poker market has grown leaps and bounds over the past five years, and if you've ever wanted a glimpse into what it's like, this week's episode is for you! Time Stamps *Time|Topic* 00:24 | Welcome to the show 00:48 | PokerNews Texas Road Trip in the books 01:55 | Sponsor: GGPoker 02:50 | The genesis of the Texas Road Trip 06:00 | Day 1 – Flying into Houston; visiting three rooms 10:37 | Jesse wins big at Empire Poker Club on free steak night 13:14 | Day 2 – Heading to Austin 14:00 | Visiting Shuffle 512 15:33 | The Oaks Poker Club 17:17 | Paying respects to the late Jack “Treetop” Straus 20:00 | Red Star Social, formerly Palm Social 22:09 | Visiting Doug Polk at The Lodge 23:56 | Texas Stand-Up side game 25:10 | PokerNews returning to The Lodge in May 25:50 | Texas Card House Austin 26:50 | Pot-Limit Omaha (PLO) the game of choice in Texas 28:20 | Last-minute visit to Austin's 52 Social 30:28 | Heading up through Central Texas 30:40 | Stopping at San Angelo's Roosevelt Club 32:20 | Paying respects to Poker Hall of Famer Johnny Moss 34:09 | Odessa's Celebrity Card Club 35:50 | Midland's KoJack's Poker Club 37:35 | Remembering Clyde Hinton 39:06 | Doyle Brunson Day! 39:33 | Longworth, Texas – hometown of Doyle Brunson 42:53 | Big Country Athletic Hall of Fame 45:20 | Brunson's alma mater Hardin-Simons University 45:43 | President Eric Bruntmyer gives us a personal tour 48:50 | Fort Worth's Wautauga Social Lounge 50:13 | Poker History – The Stockyards 52:15 | Shuffle 214 in Dallas 57:38 | Texas Card House Dallas 54:20 | Poker House Dallas 56:35 | Quick stop in Waco, Texas 58:20 | Texas Avenue Social Club & Game On Social in College Station 1:00:00 | Fun times at Game On Social; Jesse meets Jerry 1:03:33 | Meeting Sarah for breakfast 1:04:35 | Texas Card House Houston 1:06:33 | PLO poppin' at Legends Poker Room 1:09:13 | 101 Poker Richmond looks to turn the corner 1:13:58 | Prime Social wraps Texas Championship – James Carroll victorious 1:16:00 | Farewell dinner at Goode Co. Barbeque 1:16:50 | 101 Poker Club in Katy, Texas 1:18:56 | Sponsor: Unibet 1:19:40 | Jesse pays a visit to Hangars Poker House 1:22:38 | Takeaways from the PokerNews Texas Road Trip
On this episode we connect with one of the Bay Area's best hip hop artist in the game P-Lo. Most recently P-Lo has released hits like Again, Sam Squad, and Put me on Somethin' with legendary Vallejo rapper E-40. We talk hyphy movement, bay area sports, entrepreneurship, and more on this jam packed episode. For More Bridge to Bridge Podcast visit www.bridgetobridgesf.com
Support the show and receive bonus episodes by becoming a Patreon producer over at: www.themidnighttrainpodcast.com Archives of terror Archivos del Terror were found on december 22, 1992 by a lawyer and human rights activist, strange how those two titles are in the same sentence, Dr. Martín Almada, and Judge José Agustín Fernández. Found in a police station in the suburbs of Paraguay known as Asunción. Fernandez was looking for files on a former prisoner. Instead, stumbled across an archive describing the fates of thousands of Latin Americans who had been secretly kidnapped, tortured, and killed by the security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay with the help of our friendly neighborhood CIA. Known as Operation Condor. “Operation Condor was a U.S. backed campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents.” Let's go back a ways toward the beginning. One day, a young guy, wanted to fuck up the world and created the CIA. JK… but not really. So we go back to 1968 where General Robert W. Porter said that "in order to facilitate the coordinated employment of internal security forces within and among Latin American countries, we are ... endeavoring to foster inter-service and regional cooperation by assisting in the organization of integrated command and control centers; the establishment of common operating procedures; and the conduct of joint and combined training exercises." According to former secret CIA documents from 1976, plans were developed among international security officials at the US Army School of the Americas and the Conference of American Armies in the 1960s and early 1970s to deal with perceived threats in South America from political dissidents, according to American historian J. Patrice McSherry. "In early 1974, security officials from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia convened in Buenos Aires to prepare synchronized attacks against subversive targets," according to a declassified CIA memo dated June 23, 1976. Following a series of military-led coups d'états, particularly in the 1970s, the program was established: General Alfredo Stroessner took control of Paraguay in 1954 General Francisco Morales-Bermúdez takes control of Peru after a successful coup in 1975 The Brazilian military overthrew the president João Goulart in 1964 General Hugo Banzer took power in Bolivia in 1971 through a series of coups A military dictatorship seized power in Uruguay on 27 June 1973 Chilean armed forces commanded by General Augusto Pinochet bombed the presidential palace in Chile on 11 September 1973, overthrowing democratically elected president Salvador Allende A military dictatorship headed by General Jorge Rafael Videla seized power in Argentina on 24 March 1976 According to American journalist A. J. Langguth, the CIA organized the first meetings between Argentinian and Uruguayan security officials regarding the surveillance (and subsequent disappearance or assassination) of political refugees in these countries, as well as its role as an intermediary in the meetings between Argentinian, Uruguayan, and Brazilian death squads. According to the National Security Archive's documentary evidence from US, Paraguayan, Argentine, and Chilean files, "Founded by the Pinochet regime in November 1975, Operation Condor was the codename for a formal Southern Cone collaboration that included transnational secret intelligence activities, kidnapping, torture, disappearance, and assassination." Several persons were slain as part of this codename mission. "Notable Condor victims include two former Uruguayan legislators and a former Bolivian president, Juan José Torres, murdered in Buenos Aires, a former Chilean Minister of the Interior, Bernardo Leighton, and former Chilean ambassador Orlando Letelier and his 26-year-old American colleague, Ronni Moffitt, assassinated by a car bomb in downtown Washington D.C.," according to the report. Prior to the formation of Operation Condor, there had been cooperation among various security services with the goal of "eliminating Marxist subversion." On September 3, 1973, at the Conference of American Armies in Caracas, Brazilian General Breno Borges Fortes, the chief of the Brazilian army, urged that various services "expand the interchange of information" in order to "fight against subversion." Representatives from Chile, Uruguay, and Bolivia's police forces met with Alberto Villar, deputy chief of the Argentine Federal Police and co-founder of the Triple A killing squad, in March 1974 to discuss collaboration standards. Their purpose was to eliminate the "subversive" threat posed by Argentina's tens of thousands of political exiles. Bolivian immigrants' bodies were discovered at rubbish dumps in Buenos Aires in August 1974. Based on recently revealed CIA records dated June 1976, McSherry corroborated the kidnapping and torture of Chilean and Uruguayan exiles living in Buenos Aires during this time. On General Augusto Pinochet's 60th birthday, November 25, 1975, in Santiago de Chile, heads of the military intelligence services of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay met with Manuel Contreras, commander of the Chilean secret police, to officially establish the Plan Condor. General Rivero, an intelligence officer in the Argentine Armed Forces and a former student of the French, devised the concept of Operation Condor, according to French writer Marie-Monique Robin, author of Escadrons de la death, l'école française (2004, Death Squads, The French School). Officially, the targets were armed groups (such as the MIR, the Montoneros or the ERP, the Tupamaros, etc.) based on the governments' perceptions of threats, but the governments expanded their attacks to include all types of political opponents, including their families and others, as reported by the Valech Commission, which is known as The National Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture Report. The Argentine "Dirty War," for example, kidnapped, tortured, and assassinated many trade unionists, relatives of activists, social activists such as the founders of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, nuns, university professors, and others, according to most estimates. The Chilean DINA and its Argentine counterpart, SIDE, were the operation's front-line troops from 1976 forward. The infamous "death flights," which were postulated in Argentina by Luis Mara Menda and deployed by French forces during the Algerian War (1954–62), were widely used. Government forces flew or helicoptered victims out to sea, where they were dumped to die in premeditated disappearances. According to reports, the OPR-33 facility in Argentina was destroyed as a result of the military bombardment. Members of Plan Condor met in Santiago, Chile, in May 1976, to discuss "long-range collaboration... [that] went well beyond intelligence exchange" and to assign code names to the participating countries. The CIA acquired information in July that Plan Condor participants planned to strike "against leaders of indigenous terrorist groups residing overseas." Several corpses washed up on beaches south of Buenos Aires in late 1977 as a result of extraordinary storms, providing evidence of some of the government's victims. Hundreds of newborns and children were removed from women in prison who had been kidnapped and later disappeared; the children were then given to families and associates of the dictatorship in clandestine adoptions. According to the CIA, Operation Condor countries reacted positively to the concept of cooperating and built their own communications network as well as joint training programs in areas like psychological warfare. The military governments in South America were coming together to join forces for security concerns, according to a memo prepared by Assistant Secretary of State for Latin America Harry W. Shlaudeman to Kissinger on August 3, 1976. They were anxious about the growth of Marxism and the consequences it would have on their dominance. This new force worked in secret in the countries of other members. Their mission: to track out and murder "Revolutionary Coordinating Committee" terrorists in their own nations and throughout Europe.Shlaudeman voiced fear that the members of Operation Condor's "siege mindset" could lead to a wider divide between military and civilian institutions in the region. He was also concerned that this would further isolate these countries from developed Western countries. He argued that some of these anxieties were justified, but that by reacting too harshly, these countries risked inciting a violent counter-reaction comparable to the PLO's in Israel. Chile and Argentina were both active in using communications medium for the purpose of transmitting propaganda, according to papers from the United States dated April 17, 1977. The propaganda's goal was to accomplish two things. The first goal was to defuse/counter international media criticism of the governments involved, and the second goal was to instill national pride in the local population. "Chile after Allende," a propaganda piece developed by Chile, was sent to the states functioning under Condor. The paper, however, solely mentions Uruguay and Argentina as the only two countries that have signed the deal. The government of Paraguay was solely identified as using the local press, "Patria," as its primary source of propaganda. Due to the reorganisation of both Argentina's and Paraguay's intelligence organizations, a meeting scheduled for March 1977 to discuss "psychological warfare measures against terrorists and leftist extremists" was canceled. One "component of the campaign including Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina envisages unlawful operations beyond Latin America against expatriate terrorists, primarily in Europe," according to a 2016 declassified CIA study titled "Counterterrorism in the Southern Cone." "All military-controlled regimes in the Southern Cone consider themselves targets of international Marxism," the memo stated. Condor's fundamental characteristic was highlighted in the document, which came to fruition in early 1974 when "security officials from all of the member countries, except Brazil, agreed to establish liaison channels and to facilitate the movement of security officers on government business from one country to the other," as part of a long-tested "regional approach" to pacifying "subversion." Condor's "initial aims" included the "exchange of information on the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (RCJ), an organization...of terrorist groups from Bolivia, Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, and Paraguay" with "representatives" in Europe "believed to have been involved in the assassinations in Paris of the Bolivian ambassador to France last May and a Uruguayan military attache in 1974." Condor's primary purpose, according to the CIA assessment, was to eliminate "top-level terrorist leaders" as well as non-terrorist targets such as "Uruguayan opposition figure Wilson Ferreira, if he should travel to Europe, and some leaders of Amnesty International." Condor was also suspected by the CIA of being "involved in nonviolent actions, including as psychological warfare and a propaganda campaign" that used the media's power to "publicize terrorist crimes and atrocities." Condor also urged citizens in its member countries to "report anything out of the norm in their surroundings" in an appeal to "national pride and national conscience." Another meeting took place in 1980, and Montensero was apprehended. The RSO allegedly promised not to kill them if they agreed to collaborate and provide information on upcoming meetings in Rio. So, after all of this mumbo jumbo, let's recap. 50,000 people were killed, 30,000 disappeared, and 400,000 were imprisoned, according to the "terror archives." A letter signed by Manuel Contreras, the chief of Chile's National Intelligence Directorate (DINA) at the time, inviting Paraguayan intelligence personnel to Santiago for a clandestine "First Working Meeting on National Intelligence" on November 25, 1975, was also uncovered. The presence of intelligence chiefs from Argentina, Bolivia, and Uruguay at the meetings was also confirmed by this letter, indicating that those countries were also involved in the formulation of Operation Condor. Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela are among the countries named in the archives as having collaborated to varying degrees by giving intelligence information that had been sought by the security agencies of the Southern Cone countries. Parts of the archives, which are presently housed in Asunción's Palace of Justice, have been used to prosecute former military officers in some of these countries. Those records were used extensively in Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón's prosecution against Chilean General Augusto Pinochet. Baltasar Garzón interviewed Almada twice after he was a Condor victim. "[The records] represent a mound of shame and lies that Stroessner [Paraguay's ruler until 1989] used to blackmail the Paraguayan people for 40 years," Almada said. He wants the "terror archives" to be listed as an international cultural site by UNESCO, as this would make it much easier to get funds to maintain and protect the records. In May 2000, a UNESCO mission visited Asunción in response to a request from the Paraguayan government for assistance in registering these files on the Memory of the World Register, which is part of a program aimed at preserving and promoting humanity's documentary heritage by ensuring that records are preserved and accessible. Now that we are all caught up, let's talk about a few noteworthy events. First we go to Argentina. Argentina was ruled by military juntas from 1976 until 1983 under Operation Condor, which was a civic-military dictatorship. In countless incidents of desaparecidos, the Argentine SIDE collaborated with the Chilean DINA. In Buenos Aires, they assassinated Chilean General Carlos Prats, former Uruguayan MPs Zelmar Michelini and Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz, and former Bolivian President Juan José Torres. With the support of Italian Gladio operator Stefano Delle Chiaie and Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie, the SIDE aided Bolivian commander Luis Garca Meza Tejada's Cocaine Coup (see also Operation Charly). Since the release of secret records, it has been revealed that at ESMA, there were operational units made up of Italians who were utilized to suppress organizations of Italian Montoneros. Gaetano Saya, the Officer of the Italian stay behind next - Operation Gladio, led this outfit known as "Shadow Group." The Madres de la Square de Mayo, a group of mothers whose children had vanished, began protesting every Thursday in front of the Casa Rosada on the plaza in April 1977. They wanted to know where their children were and what happened to them. The abduction of two French nuns and other founders of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo in December 1977 drew worldwide notice. Their corpses were later recognized among the deceased washed up on beaches south of Buenos Aires in December 1977, victims of death planes. In 1983, when Argentina's democracy was restored, the government established the National Commission for Forced Disappearances (CONADEP), which was chaired by writer Ernesto Sabato. It gathered testimony from hundreds of witnesses about regime victims and known atrocities, as well as documenting hundreds of secret jails and detention sites and identifying torture and execution squad leaders. The Juicio a las Juntas (Juntas Trial) two years later was mostly successful in proving the crimes of the top commanders of the numerous juntas that had composed the self-styled National Reorganization Process. Most of the top officers on trial, including Jorge Rafael Videla, Emilio Eduardo Massera, Roberto Eduardo Viola, Armando Lambruschini, Ral Agosti, Rubén Graffigna, Leopoldo Galtieri, Jorge Anaya, and Basilio Lami Dozo, were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Following these trials, Ral Alfonsn's administration implemented two amnesty laws, the 1986 Ley de Punto Final (law of closure) and the 1987 Ley de Obediencia Debida (law of due obedience), which ended prosecution of crimes committed during the Dirty War. In an attempt at healing and reconciliation, President Carlos Menem pardoned the junta's leaders who were serving prison sentences in 1989–1990. Due to attacks on American citizens in Argentina and revelations about CIA funding of the Argentine military in the late 1990s, and despite an explicit 1990 Congressional prohibition, US President Bill Clinton ordered the declassification of thousands of State Department documents relating to US-Argentine relations dating back to 1954. These documents exposed American involvement in the Dirty War and Operation Condor. Following years of protests by the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo and other human rights organizations, the Argentine Congress overturned the amnesty legislation in 2003, with the full support of President Nestor Kirchner and the ruling majority in both chambers. In June 2005, the Argentine Supreme Court deemed them unlawful after a separate assessment. The government was able to resume prosecution of crimes committed during the Dirty War as a result of the court's decision. Enrique Arancibia Clavel, a DINA civil agent who was charged with crimes against humanity in Argentina in 2004, was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the death of General Prats. Stefano Delle Chiaie, a suspected Italian terrorist, is also said to have been involved in the murder. In Rome in December 1995, he and fellow extreme Vincenzo Vinciguerra testified before federal judge Mara Servini de Cubra that DINA operatives Clavel and Michael Townley were intimately involved in the assassination. Judge Servini de Cubra demanded that Mariana Callejas (Michael Townley's wife) and Cristoph Willikie, a retired Chilean army colonel, be extradited in 2003 because they were also accused of being complicit in the murder. Nibaldo Segura, a Chilean appeals court judge, declined extradition in July 2005, claiming that they had already been prosecuted in Chile. Twenty-five former high-ranking military commanders from Argentina and Uruguay were charged on March 5, 2013, in Buenos Aires with conspiring to "kidnap, disappear, torture, and kill" 171 political opponents throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Former Argentine "presidents" Jorge Videla and Reynaldo Bignone, both from the El Proceso era, are among the defendants. Prosecutors are relying on declassified US records collected by the National Security Archive, a non-governmental entity established at George Washington University in Washington, DC, in the 1990s and later. On May 27, 2016, fifteen former military personnel were found guilty. Reynaldo Bignone was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Fourteen of the remaining 16 defendants were sentenced to eight to twenty-five years in prison. Two of the defendants were found not guilty. A lawyer for the victims' relatives, Luz Palmás Zalda, claims that "This decision is significant since it is the first time Operation Condor's existence has been proven in court. It's also the first time former Condor members have been imprisoned for their roles in the criminal organization." Anyone wanna go to Brazil? In the year 2000, President Fernando Henrique Cardoso ordered the publication of some military documents related to Operation Condor. There are documents proving that in that year, attorney general Giancarlo Capaldo, an Italian magistrate, investigated the "disappearances" of Italian citizens in Latin America, which were most likely caused by the actions of Argentine, Paraguayan, Chilean, and Brazilian military personnel who tortured and murdered Italian citizens during Latin American military dictatorships. There was a list containing the names of eleven Brazilians accused of murder, kidnapping, and torture, as well as several high-ranking military personnel from other countries involved in the operation. "(...) I can neither affirm nor deny because Argentine, Brazilian, Paraguayan, and Chilean soldiers [military men] will be subject to criminal trial until December," the Magistrate said on October 26, 2000. According to the Italian government's official statement, it was unclear whether the government would prosecute the accused military officers or not. As of November 2021, no one in Brazil had been convicted of human rights violations for actions committed during the 21-year military dictatorship because the Amnesty Law had protected both government officials and leftist guerrillas. In November 1978, the Condor Operation expanded its covert persecution from Uruguay to Brazil, in an incident dubbed "o Sequestro dos Uruguaios," or "the Kidnapping of the Uruguayans." Senior officials of the Uruguayan army crossed the border into Porto Alegre, the capital of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, with the permission of the Brazilian military administration. They kidnapped Universindo Rodriguez and Lilian Celiberti, a political activist couple from Uruguay, as well as her two children, Camilo and Francesca, who are five and three years old. The unlawful operation failed because an anonymous phone call notified two Brazilian journalists, Veja magazine reporter Luiz Cláudio Cunha and photographer Joo Baptista Scalco, that the Uruguayan couple had been "disappeared." The two journalists traveled to the specified address, a Porto Alegre apartment, to double-check the facts. The armed men who had arrested Celiberti mistook the journalists for other political opposition members when they came, and they were arrested as well. Universindo Rodriguez and the children had already been brought to Uruguay under the table. The journalists' presence had exposed the secret operation when their identities were revealed. It was put on hold. As news of the political kidnapping of Uruguayan nationals in Brazil made headlines in the Brazilian press, it is thought that the operation's disclosure avoided the death of the couple and their two young children. It became a worldwide embarrassment. Both Brazil's and Uruguay's military governments were humiliated. Officials arranged for the Celibertis' children to be transported to their maternal grandparents in Montevideo a few days later. After being imprisoned and tortured in Brazil, Rodriguez and Celiberti were transferred to Uruguayan military cells and held there for the next five years. The couple were released after Uruguay's democracy was restored in 1984. They confirmed every element of their kidnapping that had previously been reported. In 1980, two DOPS (Department of Political and Social Order, an official police unit in charge of political repression during the military administration) inspectors were found guilty of arresting the journalists in Lilian's apartment in Porto Alegre by Brazilian courts. Joo Augusto da Rosa and Orandir Portassi Lucas were their names. They had been identified as participants in the kidnapping by the media and Uruguayans. This occurrence confirmed the Brazilian government's active involvement in the Condor Operation. Governor Pedro Simon arranged for the state of Rio Grande do Sul to legally recognize the Uruguayans' kidnapping and compensate them financially in 1991. A year later, President Luis Alberto Lacalle's democratic government in Uruguay was encouraged to do the same. The Uruguayan couple identified Pedro Seelig, the head of the DOPS at the time of the kidnapping, as the guy in charge of the operation in Porto Alegre. Universindo and Llian remained in prison in Uruguay and were unable to testify when Seelig was on trial in Brazil. Due to a lack of proof, the Brazilian cop was acquitted. Later testimony from Lilian and Universindo revealed that four officers from Uruguay's secret Counter-Information Division – two majors and two captains – took part in the operation with the permission of Brazilian authorities. In the DOPS headquarters in Porto Alegre, Captain Glauco Yanonne was personally responsible for torturing Universindo Rodriquez. Universindo and Lilian were able to identify the Uruguayan military men who had arrested and tortured them, but none of them were prosecuted in Montevideo. Uruguayan individuals who committed acts of political repression and human rights violations under the dictatorship were granted pardon under the Law of Immunity, which was approved in 1986. Cunha and Scalco were given the 1979 Esso Prize, considered the most significant prize in Brazilian journalism, for their investigative journalism on the case. Hugo Cores, a former political prisoner from Uruguay, was the one who had warned Cunha. He told the Brazilian press in 1993: All the Uruguayans kidnapped abroad, around 180 people, are missing to this day. The only ones who managed to survive are Lilian, her children, and Universindo. Joo "Jango" Goulart was the first Brazilian president to die in exile after being deposed. On December 6, 1976, he died in his sleep in Mercedes, Argentina, of a suspected heart attack. The true cause of his death was never determined because an autopsy was never performed. On April 26, 2000, Leonel Brizola, Jango's brother-in-law and former governor of Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul, claimed that ex-presidents Joo Goulart and Juscelino Kubitschek (who died in a vehicle accident) were assassinated as part of Operation Condor. He demanded that an investigation into their deaths be launched. On January 27, 2008, the newspaper Folha de S.Paulo published a report featuring a declaration from Mario Neira Barreiro, a former member of Uruguay's dictatorship's intelligence service. Barreiro confirmed Brizola's claims that Goulart had been poisoned. Sérgio Paranhos Fleury, the head of the Departamento de Ordem Poltica e Social (Department of Political and Social Order), gave the order to assassinate Goulart, according to Barreiro, and president Ernesto Geisel gave the permission to execute him. A special panel of the Rio Grande do Sul Legislative Assembly concluded in July 2008 that "the evidence that Jango was wilfully slain, with knowledge of the Geisel regime, is strong." The magazine CartaCapital published previously unreleased National Information Service records generated by an undercover agent who was present at Jango's Uruguayan homes in March 2009. This new information backs up the idea that the former president was poisoned. The Goulart family has yet to figure out who the "B Agent," as he's referred to in the documents, might be. The agent was a close friend of Jango's, and he detailed a disagreement between the former president and his son during the former president's 56th birthday party, which was sparked by a brawl between two employees. As a result of the story, the Chamber of Deputies' Human Rights Commission agreed to look into Jango's death. Later, Maria Teresa Fontela Goulart, Jango's widow, was interviewed by CartaCapital, who revealed records from the Uruguayan government confirming her accusations that her family had been tracked. Jango's travel, business, and political activities were all being watched by the Uruguayan government. These data date from 1965, a year after Brazil's coup, and they indicate that he may have been targeted. The President Joo Goulart Institute and the Movement for Justice and Human Rights have requested a document from the Uruguayan Interior Ministry stating that "serious and credible Brazilian sources'' discussed an "alleged plan against the former Brazilian president." If you thought it wasn't enough, let's talk about Chile. No not the warm stew lie concoction you make to scorn your buddy's stomach, but the country. Additional information about Condor was released when Augusto Pinochet was detained in London in 1998 in response to Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón's request for his extradition to Spain. According to one of the lawyers requesting his extradition, Carlos Altamirano, the leader of the Chilean Socialist Party, was the target of an assassination attempt. He said that after Franco's funeral in Madrid in 1975, Pinochet contacted Italian neofascist terrorist Stefano Delle Chiaie and arranged for Altamirano's murder. The strategy didn't work out. Since the bodies of victims kidnapped and presumably murdered could not be found, Chilean judge Juan Guzmán Tapia established a precedent concerning the crime of "permanent kidnapping": he determined that the kidnapping was thought to be ongoing, rather than having occurred so long ago that the perpetrators were protected by an amnesty decreed in 1978 or the Chilean statute of limitations. The Chilean government admitted in November 2015 that Pablo Neruda may have been murdered by members of Pinochet's administration. Assassinations On September 30, 1974, a car bomb killed General Carlos Prats and his wife, Sofa Cuthbert, in Buenos Aires, where they were living in exile. The Chilean DINA has been charged with the crime. In January 2005, Chilean Judge Alejandro Sols ended Pinochet's case when the Chilean Supreme Court denied his request to strip Pinochet's immunity from prosecution (as chief of state). In Chile, the assassination of DINA commanders Manuel Contreras, ex-chief of operations and retired general Ral Itturiaga Neuman, his brother Roger Itturiaga, and ex-brigadiers Pedro Espinoza Bravo and José Zara was accused. In Argentina, DINA agent Enrique Arancibia Clavel was found guilty of the murder. After moving in exile in Italy, Bernardo Leighton and his wife were severely injured in a botched assassination attempt on October 6, 1975. Bernardo Leighton was critically injured in the gun attack, and his wife, Anita Fresno, was permanently crippled. Stefano Delle Chiaie met with Michael Townley and Virgilio Paz Romero in Madrid in 1975 to plan the murder of Bernardo Leighton with the help of Franco's secret police, according to declassified documents in the National Security Archive and Italian attorney general Giovanni Salvi, who led the prosecution of former DINA head Manuel Contreras. Glyn T. Davies, the secretary of the National Security Council (NSC), said in 1999 that declassified records indicated Pinochet's government's responsibility for the failed assassination attempt on Bernardo Leighton, Orlando Letelier, and General Carlos Prats on October 6, 1975. In a December 2004 OpEd piece in the Los Angeles Times, Francisco Letelier, Orlando Letelier's son, claimed that his father's killing was part of Operation Condor, which he described as "an intelligence-sharing network employed by six South American tyrants of the time to eliminate dissidents." Letelier's death, according to Michael Townley, was caused by Pinochet. Townley admitted to hiring five anti-Castro Cuban exiles to set up a booby-trap in Letelier's automobile. Following consultations with the terrorist organization CORU's leadership, including Luis Posada Carriles and Orlando Bosch, Cuban-Americans José Dionisio Suárez, Virgilio Paz Romero, Alvin Ross Daz, and brothers Guillermo and Ignacio Novo Sampoll were chosen to carry out the murder, according to Jean-Guy Allard. The Miami Herald reports that Luis Posada Carriles was there at the conference that decided on Letelier's death as well as the bombing of Cubana Flight 455. During a public protest against Pinochet in July 1986, photographer Rodrigo Rojas DeNegri was burned alive and Carmen Gloria Quintana received significant burns. The case of the two became known as Caso Quemados ("The Burned Case"), and it drew attention in the United States because Rojas had fled to the United States following the 1973 coup.  According to a document from the US State Department, the Chilean army set fire to both Rojas and Quintana on purpose. Rojas and Quintana, on the other hand, were accused by Pinochet of being terrorists who lit themselves on fire with their own Molotov cocktails. Pinochet's reaction to the attack and killing of Rojas, according to National Security Archive analyst Peter Kornbluh, was "contributed to Reagan's decision to withdraw support for the regime and press for a return to civilian rule." Operación Silencio Operación Silencio (Operation Silence) was a Chilean operation that removed witnesses from the country in order to obstruct investigations by Chilean judges. It began about a year before the "terror archives" in Paraguay were discovered. Arturo Sanhueza Ross, the man accused of assassinating MIR leader Jecar Neghme in 1989, departed the country in April 1991. According to the Rettig Report, Chilean intelligence officers were responsible for Jecar Neghme's killing. Carlos Herrera Jiménez, the man who assassinated trade unionist Tucapel Jiménez, flew out in September 1991. Eugenio Berros, a chemist who had cooperated with DINA agent Michael Townley, was led by Operation Condor agents from Chile to Uruguay in October 1991 in order to avoid testifying in the Letelier case. He used passports from Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil, prompting suspicions that Operation Condor was still active. In 1995, Berros was discovered dead in El Pinar, Uruguay, near Montevideo. His corpse had been mangled to the point where it was hard to identify him by sight. Michael Townley, who is now under witness protection in the United States, recognized linkages between Chile, DINA, and the incarceration and torture camp Colonia Dignidad in January 2005. The facility was founded in 1961 by Paul Schäfer, who was arrested and convicted of child rape in Buenos Aires in March 2005. Interpol was notified about Colonia Dignidad and the Army's Bacteriological Warfare Laboratory by Townley. This lab would have taken the place of the previous DINA lab on Via Naranja de lo Curro, where Townley collaborated with chemical assassin Eugenio Berros. According to the court reviewing the case, the toxin that allegedly murdered Christian-Democrat Eduardo Frei Montalva could have been created at this new lab in Colonia Dignidad. Dossiê Jango, a Brazilian-Uruguayan-Argentine collaboration film released in 2013, accused the same lab in the alleged poisoning of Brazil's deposed president, Joo Goulart. Congressman Koch The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents was released in February 2004 by reporter John Dinges. He reported that in mid-1976, Uruguayan military officers threatened to assassinate United States Congressman Edward Koch (later Mayor of New York City). The CIA station commander in Montevideo had received information about it in late July 1976. He advised the Agency to take no action after finding that the men were inebriated at the time. Colonel José Fons, who was present at the November 1975 covert meeting in Santiago, Chile, and Major José Nino Gavazzo, who led a team of intelligence agents working in Argentina in 1976 and was responsible for the deaths of over 100 Uruguayans, were among the Uruguayan officers. Koch told Dinges in the early twenty-first century that CIA Director George H. W. Bush informed him in October 1976 that "his sponsorship of legislation to cut off US military assistance to Uruguay on human rights concerns had prompted secret police officers to 'put a contract out for you'." Koch wrote to the Justice Department in mid-October 1976, requesting FBI protection, but he received none. It had been more than two months after the meeting and the assassination of Orlando Letelier in Washington. Colonel Fons and Major Gavazzo were sent to important diplomatic postings in Washington, D.C. in late 1976. The State Department ordered the Uruguayan government to rescind their appointments, citing the possibility of "unpleasant publicity" for "Fons and Gavazzo." Only in 2001 did Koch learn of the links between the threats and the position appointments. Paraguay The US supported Alfredo Stroessner's anti-communist military dictatorship and played a "vital supporting role" in Stroessner's Paraguay's domestic affairs. As part of Operation Condor, for example, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Thierry of the United States Army was deployed to assist local workers in the construction of "La Technica," a detention and interrogation center. La Technica was also renowned as a torture facility. Pastor Coronel, Stroessner's secret police, washed their victims in human vomit and excrement tubs and shocked them in the rectum with electric cattle prods. They decapitated Miguel Angel Soler [es], the Communist party secretary, with a chainsaw while Stroessner listened on the phone. Stroessner asked that tapes of inmates wailing in agony be presented to their relatives. Harry Shlaudeman defined Paraguay's militarized state as a "nineteenth-century military administration that looks nice on the cartoon page" in a report to Kissinger. Shlaudeman's assessments were paternalistic, but he was correct in observing that Paraguay's "backwardness" was causing it to follow in the footsteps of its neighbors. Many decolonized countries regarded national security concerns in terms of neighboring countries and long-standing ethnic or regional feuds, but the United States viewed conflict from a global and ideological viewpoint. During the Chaco War, Shlaudeman mentions Paraguay's amazing fortitude in the face of greater military force from its neighbors. The government of Paraguay believes that the country's victory over its neighbors over several decades justifies the country's lack of progress. The paper goes on to say that Paraguay's political traditions were far from democratic. Because of this reality, as well as a fear of leftist protest in neighboring countries, the government has prioritized the containment of political opposition over the growth of its economic and political institutions. They were driven to defend their sovereignty due to an ideological fear of their neighbors. As a result, many officials were inspired to act in the interest of security by the fight against radical, communist movements both within and beyond the country. The book Opération Condor, written by French writer Pablo Daniel Magee and prefaced by Costa Gavras, was published in 2020. The story chronicles the life of Martin Almada, a Paraguayan who was a victim of the Condor Operation. The Peruvian Case After being kidnapped in 1978, Peruvian legislator Javier Diez Canseco announced that he and twelve other compatriots (Justiniano Apaza Ordóñez, Hugo Blanco, Genaro Ledesma Izquieta, Valentín Pacho, Ricardo Letts, César Lévano, Ricardo Napurí, José Luis Alvarado Bravo, Alfonso Baella Tuesta, Guillermo Faura Gaig, José Arce Larco and Humberto Damonte). All opponents of Francisco Morales Bermudez's dictatorship were exiled and handed over to the Argentine armed forces in Jujuy in 1978 after being kidnapped in Peru. He also claimed that declassified CIA documents and WikiLeaks cable information account for the Morales Bermudez government's ties to Operation Condor. Uruguay Juan Mara Bordaberry declared himself dictator and banned the rest of the political parties, as was customary in the Southern Cone dictatorships of the 1970s. In the alleged defense against subversion, a large number of people were murdered, tortured, unjustly detained and imprisoned, kidnapped, and forced into disappearance during the de facto administration, which lasted from 1973 until 1985. Prior to the coup d'état in 1973, the CIA served as a consultant to the country's law enforcement institutions. Dan Mitrione, perhaps the most well-known example of such cooperation, had taught civilian police in counterinsurgency at the School of the Americas in Panama, afterwards renamed the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. Maybe now we can talk about the U.S involvement? The U.S never gets involved in anything so this might be new to some of you. According to US paperwork, the US supplied critical organizational, financial, and technological help to the operation far into the 1980s. The long-term hazards of a right-wing bloc, as well as its early policy recommendations, were discussed in a US Department of State briefing for Henry Kissinger, then Secretary of State, dated 3 August 1976, prepared by Harry Shlaudeman and titled "Third World War and South America." The briefing was an overview of security forces in the Southern Cone. The operation was described as a joint effort by six Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay) to win the "Third World War" by eliminating "subversion" through transnational secret intelligence operations, kidnapping, torture, disappearance, and assassination. The research begins by examining the sense of unity shared by the six countries of the Southern Cone. Kissinger is warned by Shlaudeman that the "Third World War" will trap those six countries in an ambiguous position in the long run, because they are trapped on one side by "international Marxism and its terrorist exponents," and on the other by "the hostility of uncomprehending industrial democracies misled by Marxist propaganda." According to the report, US policy toward Operation Condor should “emphasize the differences between the five countries at all times, depoliticize human rights, oppose rhetorical exaggerations of the ‘Third-World-War' type, and bring potential bloc members back into our cognitive universe through systematic exchanges.” According to CIA papers from 1976, strategies to deal with political dissidents in South America were planned among international security officials at the US Army School of the Americas and the Conference of American Armies from 1960 to the early 1970s. "In early 1974, security officials from Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia convened in Buenos Aires to arrange synchronized attacks against subversive targets," according to a declassified CIA memo dated June 23, 1976. Officials in the United States were aware of the situation. Furthermore, the Defense Intelligence Agency revealed in September 1976 that US intelligence services were well aware of Operation Condor's architecture and intentions. They discovered that "Operation Condor" was the covert name for gathering intelligence on "leftists," Communists, Peronists, or Marxists in the Southern Cone Area. The intelligence services were aware that the operation was being coordinated by the intelligence agencies of numerous South American nations (including Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Bolivia), with Chile serving as the hub. Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile, according to the DIA, were already aggressively pursuing operations against communist targets, primarily in Argentina. The report's third point reveals the US comprehension of Operation Condor's most malevolent actions. "The development of special teams from member countries to execute out operations, including killings against terrorists or sympathizers of terrorist groups," according to the paper. Although these special teams were intelligence agency operatives rather than military troops, they did work in structures similar to those used by US special forces teams, according to the study. Operation Condor's preparations to undertake probable operations in France and Portugal were revealed in Kissinger's State Department briefing - an issue that would later prove to be immensely contentious in Condor's history. Condor's core was formed by the US government's sponsorship and collaboration with DINA (Directorate of National Intelligence) and other intelligence agencies. According to CIA papers, the agency maintained intimate ties with officers of Chile's secret police, DINA, and its leader Manuel Contreras. Even after his role in the Letelier-Moffit killing was discovered, Contreras was kept as a paid CIA contact until 1977. Official requests to trace suspects to and from the US Embassy, the CIA, and the FBI may be found in the Paraguayan Archives. The military states received suspect lists and other intelligence material from the CIA. In 1975, the FBI conducted a nationwide hunt in the United States for persons sought by DINA. In a February 1976 telegram from the Buenos Aires embassy to the State Department, intelligence said that the US was aware of the impending Argentinian coup. According to the ambassador, the Chief of the Foreign Ministry's North American desk revealed that the "Military Planning Group" had asked him to prepare a report and recommendations on how the "future military government can avoid or minimize the sort of problems the Chilean and Uruguayan governments are having with the US over human rights issues." The Chief also indicated that "they" (whether he is talking to the CIA or Argentina's future military dictatorship, or both) will confront opposition if they start assassinating and killing people. Assuming this is so, the envoy notes that the military coup will "intend to carry forward an all-out war on the terrorists and that some executions would therefore probably be necessary." Despite already being engaged in the region's politics, this indicates that the US was aware of the planning of human rights breaches before they occurred and did not intervene to prevent them. "It is encouraging to note that the Argentine military are aware of the problem and are already focusing on ways to avoid letting human rights issues become an irritant in US-Argentine Relations." This is confirmation. Professor Ruth Blakeley says that Kissinger "explicitly expressed his support for the repression of political opponents" in regards to the Argentine junta's continuous human rights violations. When Henry Kissinger met with Argentina's Foreign Minister on October 5, 1976, he said, ” Look, our basic attitude is that we would like you to succeed. I have an old-fashioned view that friends ought to be supported. What is not understood in the United States is that you have a civil war. We read about human rights problems but not the context. The quicker you succeed the better ... The human rights problem is a growing one. Your Ambassador can apprise you. We want a stable situation. We won't cause you unnecessary difficulties. If you can finish before Congress gets back, the better. Whatever freedoms you could restore would help.” The démarche was never provided in the end. According to Kornbluh and Dinges, the decision not to deliver Kissinger's directive was based on Assistant Secretary Harry Shlaudeman's letter to his deputy in Washington, D.C., which stated: "you can simply instruct the Ambassadors to take no further action, noting that there have been no reports in some weeks indicating an intention to activate the Condor scheme." President Bill Clinton ordered the State Department to release hundreds of declassified papers in June 1999, indicating for the first time that the CIA, State, and Defense Departments were all aware of Condor. According to a 1 October 1976 DOD intelligence assessment, Latin American military commanders gloat about it to their American colleagues. Condor's "joint counterinsurgency operations" sought to "eliminate Marxist terrorist activities," according to the same study; Argentina developed a special Condor force "structured much like a US Special Forces Team," it said. According to a summary of documents disclosed in 2004, The declassified record shows that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger was briefed on Condor and its "murder operations" on August 5, 1976, in a 14-page report from [Harry] Shlaudeman [Assistant Secretary of State]. "Internationally, the Latin generals look like our guys," Shlaudeman cautioned. "We are especially identified with Chile. It cannot do us any good." Shlaudeman and his two deputies, William Luers and Hewson Ryan, recommended action. Over the course of three weeks, they drafted a cautiously worded demarche, approved by Kissinger, in which he instructed the U.S. ambassadors in the Southern Cone countries to meet with the respective heads of state about Condor. He instructed them to express "our deep concern" about "rumors" of "plans for the assassination of subversives, politicians and prominent figures both within the national borders of certain Southern Cone countries and abroad." Kornbluh and Dinges come to the conclusion that "The paper trail is clear: the State Department and the CIA had enough intelligence to take concrete steps to thwart the Condor assassination planning. Those steps were initiated but never implemented." Hewson Ryan, Shlaudeman's deputy, subsequently admitted in an oral history interview that the State Department's treatment of the issue was "remiss." "We knew fairly early on that the governments of the Southern Cone countries were planning, or at least talking about, some assassinations abroad in the summer of 1976. ... Whether if we had gone in, we might have prevented this, I don't know", In relation to the Letelier-Moffitt bombing, he remarked, "But we didn't." Condor was defined as a "counter-terrorism organization" in a CIA document, which also mentioned that the Condor countries had a specific telecommunications system known as "CONDORTEL." The New York Times released a communication from US Ambassador to Paraguay Robert White to Secretary of State Cyrus Vance on March 6, 2001. The paper was declassified and disseminated by the Clinton administration in November 2000 as part of the Chile Declassification Project. General Alejandro Fretes Davalos, the chief of staff of Paraguay's armed forces, told White that the South American intelligence chiefs engaged in Condor "kept in touch with one another through a United States communications installation in the Panama Canal Zone that covered all of Latin America." According to reports, Davalos stated that the station was "employed to coordinate intelligence information among the southern cone countries". The US was concerned that the Condor link would be made public at a time when the killing of Chilean former minister Orlando Letelier and his American aide Ronni Moffitt in the United States was being probed."it would seem advisable to review this arrangement to insure that its continuation is in US interest." White wrote to Vance. "Another piece of increasingly weighty evidence suggesting that U.S. military and intelligence officials supported and collaborated with Condor as a secret partner or sponsor." McSherry rebutted the cables. Furthermore, an Argentine military source told a U.S. Embassy contact that the CIA was aware of Condor and had played a vital role in establishing computerized linkages among the six Condor governments' intelligence and operations sections. After all this it doesn't stop here. We even see France having a connection. The original document confirming that a 1959 agreement between Paris and Buenos Aires set up a "permanent French military mission" of officers to Argentina who had participated in the Algerian War was discovered in the archives of the Quai d'Orsay, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It was kept at the offices of the Argentine Army's chief of staff. It lasted until 1981, when François Mitterrand was elected President of France. She revealed how the administration of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing secretly coordinated with Videla's junta in Argentina and Augusto Pinochet's tyranny in Chile. Even Britain and West Germany looked into using the tactics in their own countries. Going so far as to send their open personnel to Buenos Aires to discuss how to establish a similar network. MOVIES https://www.imdb.com/search/keyword/?keywords=military-coup&sort=num_votes,desc&mode=detail&page=1&title_type=movie&ref_=kw_ref_typ https://islandora.wrlc.org/islandora/object/terror%3Aroot https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archives_of_Terror https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Condor https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-20774985 https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB239d/index.htm