Political and geographical area near or beyond a boundary
Episode Notes: Engineer David Grant must check and recheck many important design details before Frontier, the nation's first exascale supercomputer, is powered on.
The rebirth of the cocktail started in big cities, including New York, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles. But over the last few years, smaller markets have arguably made the biggest bartending strides. On this episode of the award-winning podcast Life Behind Bars, co-hosts David Wondrich and Noah Rothbaum are joined by chef Cheetie Kumar and bartender John Gertsen from the acclaimed restaurant Garland in Raleigh, North Carolina. Kumar and Gertsen share their fascinating life stories and how they came to live and work in the Tar Heel State. So fix yourself a cocktail and listen to this episode of Life Behind Bars. Cheers!Life Behind Bars features Half Full's editor Noah Rothbaum and its Senior Drinks Columnist David Wondrich as they discuss the greatest bartenders and greatest cocktails of all time. It won the 2018 and the 2021 Tales of the Cocktail Spirited Award for the world's best drinks podcast.Edited by Alex Skjong See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Lee Lim from @cruisin2camp and @solvefunction comes on to talk about all the cool things he's doing with #3dprinting and his new #podcast. Then the guys chat about Jos'e blog post and the #mylittlepony movie. Hint: It was great!
Jeffrey Kerr, Chief Counsel and Sr. VP of Corporate Affairs for PETA, talks with Emil Guillermo about how the future of animal rights will be determined by the legal victories in courts. He discusses the Naruto/Monkey Selfie-Case, the Sea World enslavement case, and the ag-gag laws which restrict animal rights protests. Go to PETA.org for updates and take action. The PETA Podcast PETA, the world's largest animal rights organization, is 6.5 million strong and growing. This is the place to find out why. Hear from insiders, thought leaders, activists, investigators, politicians, and others why animals need more than kindness—they have the right not to be abused or exploited in any way. Hosted by Emil Guillermo. Powered by PETA activism. Contact us at PETA.org Listen to the very first PETA podcast with Ingrid Newkirk Music provided by CarbonWorks. Go to Apple podcasts and subscribe. Contact and follow host Emil Guillermo on Twitter @emilamok Or at www.amok.com Please subscribe, rate and review wherever you get your podcasts. Thanks for listening to THE PETA PODCAST! (Originally published Oct.12, 2021). Copyright 2021 Music by Carbonworks.
How do you thrive as family and as entrepreneur at the same time? Co-Host Jennifer Uren and Scott have a lively discussion on living on the frontier between business and home. We approach the question from two different sides, Jennifer from the family side and Scott from the business side. Jennifer Uren - Mompreneur and host of the This Mom Knows podcast https://www.thismomknows.com/podcast Scott R. Weaver - Business Coach and host of the Arise2Live podcast https://arise2live.com/podcast
Zach is moving, so Walter is back! This week, there's a new Cliff Chiang book, a Wonder Woman spinoff, and the conclusion to a Marvel-ous miniseries. Titles discussed:"Black Manta" #2"Catwoman: Lonely City" #1"Green Lantern" #7"Nubia and the Amazons" #1"Shazam" #4
Episode 080 ... Week in review of October 16th 2021 ...Giveaway Reminder: Subscribe to our YouTube channel and comment on this week's video for a chance to win a WDW 50th poster and park map!!!1) News of the week:- Stage Show being added to Very Merriest After Hours event (Source: Disney Parks Blog)- First celebrity narrators for Candlelight Procession announced along with other holiday entertainment at EPCOT (Source: Disney Parks Blog)- Vaccinated international travelers to be allowed into the U.S. starting November 8th (Source: Blog Mickey)- Park re-openings and rumors: Yeeha Bob back, Jelly Rolls and Atlantic Dance Hall reopen, Tron ride vehicles spotted on property (Source: Coaster Crew), and pace of Fantasmic! refurbishment increasing (Source: Blog Mickey)Topic Starts @2:03 ...2) Attractionality: Frontierland Shootin' Arcade- We discuss the scores for this traditional Frontierland attraction - which is now free to play! - What other similar attractions would we like to see in the parks?Topic Starts @20:56 ...3) Topic: Disney Leadership- A recent article in the Hollywood Reporter suggested turmoil for current Disney CEO Bob Chapek as the shadow of Bob Iger still lingers - At the same time, popular Imagineers like Kevin Lively are leaving the company due to the relocation expectation- We discuss all of this - and try to shed a more positive (or at least balanced) light on the future of the companyTopic Starts @32:40 ...4) DBC Recommends: LovelySownbyCynthia and CLIFFLIXTwo recommends this week:LovelySownbySynthia:- Jason's wife is on ETSY and making Disney Holiday wreaths: LovelySownbyCynthiaCLIFFLIX- Simply incredibly high quality videos of Walt Disney World entertainmentYouTube Channel: CLIFFLIX VideosTopic Starts @56:00 ...* Reminder to like, subscribe, rate, and review the DBC Pod wherever you get your podcast *Follow us on social media:- Instagram: ht:tps://www.instagram.com/thedbcpodcast/- Twitter: https://twitter.com/PodDbc- Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DBC-Pod-113844536980530- YouTube Channel: The DBC Pod- Discord Server: DBC Server (discord.com)Note: This podcast is not affiliated with any message boards, blogs, news sites, or other podcastsMusic: https://www.purple-planet.com
Trucks top the “10 Most Stolen” list and the guys do a quick dissection of each vehicle to make the infamous list. Holman recaps recent events at the Mojave Road Rendezvous and OLAF where he had a chance meet up with listeners and the guys catch up on e-mails and 5-star hotline calls.
Welcome to Season 2 Episode 11 of the Next Dimension Podcast! We got lots of things to talk about! What do we think of Vive Flow, Lone Echo 2, upcoming launch events...it's gonna be a great show! With special guest: Matteo311 Today's Line-Up: Sebastian, Gary, Steve & Matteo311 Matteo's channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/Gamingwithmatteo311 Steve's channel (VR Flightsim Guy): www.youtube.com/user/force3d Gary's channel (Immersed Robot): www.youtube.com/channel/UCjXZuRy3xaR09z_cY70-8fQ Gary's website: www.garywalkden.com/ You want to WATCH this episode? No problem: https://youtu.be/BOZIxHn5uKE
We discuss the quarterly polling data from Amber Integrated (mentioned last episode), the state threatening to sue the feds, and how the contract signing event with Canoo was a bit of a publicity stunt. Links discussed: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/60099f1f6ffad96a2d94bf98/t/6160626094852806944ad325/1633706593494/Toplines_Oklahoma+Statewide+Poll_Septmeber+2021.pdf (Polling from last week that we said we'd cover) https://www.kgou.org/politics-and-government/2021-10-15/oklahoma-attorney-general-oconnor-calls-for-employers-to-disregard-president-bidens-vaccine-mandate-requirements (Can the Governor spell Constitution? Governor Stitt's AG tells business to ignore the federal vaccine mandate) http://algerhart.blogspot.com/2021/09/why-republican-party-needed-to-be-sued.html (Oklahoma Tea Party is at war with the OKGOP leadership) Is this Canoo taking on water? Frontier has some information on the states deal with electric vehicle manufacturer Canoo https://tulsaworld.com/news/state-and-regional/govt-and-politics/gov-kevin-stitt-taps-appeals-court-judge-as-new-general-counsel/article_c5a42352-2de1-11ec-b390-bbd0495a8719.html (New General Counsel for the Governor's office: Trevor Pemberton ) https://kfor.com/news/local/worlds-tallest-fresh-cut-christmas-tree-arrives-in-oklahoma/ (Everyone has their Christmas decorations out - Target, Amazon…and the city of Enid ) Support this podcast
Căpitanul Kirk ajunge în spațiu, telescopul spațial James Webb se pregătește de lansarea din decembrie și inaugurarea capsulei Starliner întârzie. Material realizat de Mihaela Ghiță și Claudiu Tănăselia pentru emisiunea Știința360 (Radio România Cultural).
At #offroadexpo this weekend, Casey begged George Salazar from @trail_militia to come on the show. He joins us to talk about why he started his new brand and what he has planned for the future, including having 2 rigs @sema Then we recap our experience at the expo and #josesfunbox
On this week's episode I chatted with Sam Lessin, Co-Founder of Fin and General Partner at Slow Ventures. Sam is, in the truest sense, a Silicon Valley insider. He's a part of the Harvard tech mafia, friends with Zuckerberg and has built a few different tech startups. Beyond all of that, he is an extremely deep and abstract thinker. I've always been a fan of listening to and learning from him. During our chat we discussed how he sees the VC model changing (he has some strong opinions on this which are great), the evolution of media and its business models, the differences between US and China government strategies towards tech and a whole lot more. Enjoy. Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/lessin (@lessin) / https://twitter.com/slow (@slow) / https://twitter.com/betterwithfin (@betterwithfin) / http://twitter.com/mpd (@mpd) Guest Links: https://www.fin.com/ (Slow Ventures), https://www.fin.com/ (Fin), http://theinformation.com (The Information), Book: https://www.amazon.com/Invention-News-World-About-Itself/dp/0300179081 (The Invention of News) Podcast Links: http://mpd.me (Website), https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCua7T3uyg6IQeSbYyNKT_Iw (YouTube), https://twitter.com/mpd (Twitter), https://www.facebook.com/innovationwithmpd (Facebook), https://www.linkedin.com/company/innovationwithmpd (LinkedIn)
With the conclusion of "Superman and the Authority" upon us, the boys celebrate Grant Morrison's final (for now) work at DC. Plus, some new status quos are explored, and another Black Label Bat-book is upon us. Titles discussed:"Batman: The Impostor" #1"Batman Urban Legends" #8"Superman and the Authority" #4"Wonder Woman "#780
Join Holman as he gets behind the wheel of a preproduction 2022 GMC Hummer EV Pickup at GM's Milford Proving Grounds in Milford, Michigan. Lightning gets surprised with keys to a 2022 Nissan Frontier and gives his own review.
Find us online at www.jurassicparkpodcast.comWelcome to The Jurassic Park Podcast! In episode 294, we present another installment of Dino DNA with Conor O'Keeffe! Conor is joined by James Ronan this week to discuss the Ceratopsians of the series. Sit back, relax and ENJOY this episode of The Jurassic Park Podcast!A BIG thanks to Frontier for giving us the opportunity to play Jurassic World Evolution 2 early to experience the Chaos Theory Mode. Be sure to find all our content on Chaos Theory Mode HERE, along with our bonus podcast featuring Tom Jurassic, BestInSlot and TheGamingBeaver. Don't forget to give our voicemail line a call at 732-825-7763!Email us: firstname.lastname@example.orgBook Club Email: email@example.comThanks for listening, stay safe and enjoy!
Anastasia Leng is the founder and CEO of CreativeX, an AI-based creative analytics company. Creativex is doing some truly out-of-the-box data analytics to blend the creative aspects of marketing and data science together. By analyzing creativity at scale, the CreativeX technology aims to advance creative expression through the clarity of data. The company has been helping the world's most loved and biggest Fortune 500 brands, including Unilever, Mondelez, Heineken, ABI, Google, and more. Anastasia is also the Co-Founder and CEO of Hatch.co, which was named one of TimeOut's Best New Shopping Sites and one of Time Magazine's Top NY Startups in 2014. Before founding her own companies, Anastasia was Google's New Business Development Manager for Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA). She was responsible for leading new business development initiatives, new product incubation, and exploratory efforts. At Google, she has worked on nearly all ad tech and analytics products from Google, led entrepreneurship efforts, and fostered partnerships for Google Voice, Chrome Web Store, and Wallet. Anastasia was named #2 on 30 Under 30 Most Important Women in Tech by Business Insider in 2013. In this exclusive episode, the discussion starts with the topic of building a distributed team and remote working. Anastasia shares her learning from the experience of building up their second office, which is in New York. How building a remote team opens up the pool of talents that one can access. How Anastasia started CreativeX. And, it is quite a story! It started when they tried to solve an internal problem of finding out the best performing creative and why it performed so well. Armed with this deep understanding of the problems many marketers and eCommerce face, Anastasia pivoted to start developing CreativeX. She also shares in-depth details about creative analytics, which is bringing a data-driven and analytics approach into your digital creative assets. How creative analytics can act as a layer of quality control on your millions of creative assets, where knowledge is shared and consistency is across the board. Creative analytics also cross-checks with other data points of performance advertising such as CPC, CPM, and CTR. With creative analytics, you can take the guesswork out of your marketing assets and pass on those learnings to everyone. Whether you're a digital marketing agency or working as an in house marketer and designer, this is the episode you must consider to improve your creative workflow. If you're a Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) with a global or regional presence, where brand consistency across multiple jurisdictions is a priority, consider reaching out to Anastasia and CreativeX as they have a solution for your problems. #BusinessAnalytics #DataAnalytics #CreativeAnalytics #CustomerExperience #DataScience --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/analyticsshow/message
The guys welcome Ryan (ALPB Roundup) on to the show to talk about the ALPB and the final playoff push. Likewise, Nick and Will talk about the name finalists for Staten Island and the sudden demise of the Southern Illinois Miners.
Paul Holdengräber is joined by Lisa Fancher on episode 205 of The Quarantine Tapes. Lisa is the owner of the independent record label Frontier Records. On this episode, she talks with Paul about the 40th anniversary of Frontier, how the label has weathered the pandemic, and what it has meant for the label to remain independent.Paul and Lisa discuss Henry Rollins, Lisa's brilliant alternative radio station KXFU, and what the return of live music and concerts may look like. Paul asks Lisa to go back into her archive of the incredible releases of Frontier Records—Flyboys, the Adolescents, Thin White Rope, and many more—as they talk about the past and future of vinyl. Lisa Fancher is the founder and owner of Frontier Records, an independent record label based in Sun Valley, California. She has been described as one of the “unsung heroines of L.A. punk rock history” and has played a pivotal role in the punk rock scene for more than forty years.
Connie & Alex go over the week in tech and then talk to Bradley Tusk, founder of Tusk Ventures, a VC firm that uses its political smarts to help portfolio companies like Uber succeed, about his plans to start companies in-house.Music: 1. "Inspired" by Kevin MacLeod (https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3918-inspired)2. "Blippy Trance" by Kevin MacLeod (https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/5759-blippy-trance)3. "Dream Catcher" by Kevin MacLeod (https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4650-dream-catcher)4. "Pamgaea" by Kevin MacLeod (https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/4193-pamgaea)5. "EDM Detection Mode" by Kevin MacLeod (https://incompetech.filmmusic.io/song/3687-edm-detection-mode)License: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license
Trifulca Media Presenta: Tommy Wrestling Show Episodio # 29 - Dark Side of the Ring: Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling (FMW) Redes Sociales Instagram @tommywrestlingshow / https://www.instagram.com/tommywrestlingshow/ Global Wrestling Evolution @gwe.official / https://www.instagram.com/gwe.official/ Twitch / https://www.twitch.tv/tommywrestlingshow Agradecimientos a las personas que hacen posible el Tommy Wrestling Show: @LaTrifulcaWrestlingMedia / https://instagram.com/latrifulcawrestlingmedia @bmonkey507 / https://www.instagram.com/bmonkey507/ @jjmoltoalain / https://www.instagram.com/jjmoltoalain/ @clerickdraven / https://www.instagram.com/clerickdraven/ @zigmapr / https://www.instagram.com/zigmapr/ @idayvuelta154 / https://www.instagram.com/idayvuelta154/ Tienda online de la Trifulca Wrestling Media https://teespring.com/es/stores/la-trifulca Sigan a Trifulca Wrestling Media: Facebook https://www.facebook.com/TrifulcaWrestling/ Instagram https://instagram.com/latrifulcawrestlingmedia?igshid=dhkuulk3mb5x Twitter https://mobile.twitter.com/TrifulcaMedia YouTube https://youtube.com/channel/UCVZ0uJt-0skE-PkVGnmyTeA Youtube alterno el de Trifulca Wrestling Media Clips https://youtube.com/channel/UCrwZWAucrx21pL85jOwl3oQ Spotify https://open.spotify.com/show/2Nki4huLPMwYftru08gFYV?si=BhUveS5kRvyTJU0ePNO2Ew Apple Podcast https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/trifulca-wrestling-media/id1459553025 Anchor https://anchor.fm/trifulcawrestling #TWS #DarkSideOfTheRing #TOMMYWRESTLING #NXT #nosomosregionales #bookingsinsentido #somosindies #indiewrestling #wrestling #luchalibre #trifulcawrestlingpodcast #TWPInterview #TWNews #wrestlingpodcast #podcastenespañol #latinpodcast #noesmasdelomismo #prowrestler #prowrestling #trifulcawrestlingmedia #podcastlatino #latinpodcast #trifulcawrestlingnews #wwe #aew #boxing #mma #ufc #wrestlingnews #luchalibre
Imagine being able to 3D-print a new kidney or heal burns with stem-cell infused dressings. Sounds like science-fiction right? Our Changing World's Claire Concannon visited the University of Otago to discover how far from reality these ideas really are.
David Curtiss, USA National teamer and NC State freshman, announced today that he has inked deals with TYR and GoSwim. David finished 6th at 2021 US Olympic Trials in the 50 Free. He is one of Team USA's up and coming sprint studs. He joins Katie Ledecky, Simone Manuel, Michael Andrew, Beefy T Shields, and more as TYR sponsored athletes. GoSwim, created by Glenn Mills, is a video library of the world's best swimmers teaching you the best stroke technique and drills to make you a better swimmer. David Curtiss also shares his race strategy in the 50 Freestyle. He breaks it down in 4 components. Enjoy! 00:00 Swimming Sponsors 03:30 Hello David Curtiss 04:30 NC State 06:45 2021 Olympic Trials 11:45 Best mental state 14:00 50 Free Race Strategy 16:00 Start & Underwaters 20:00 TYR 21:30 NIL changes 23:45 GoSwim Support Our Sponsors: THE MAGIC 5: Custom fitted goggles that are tailor-made for your exact face. You shouldn't feel you are wearing goggles. Use code BRETTHAWKE20 at checkout to receive 20% off. SWIM ANGELFISH: Receive the tools and skills needed to teach swimmers with autism, physical disabilities, anxiety, sensory and motor conditions with Swim Angelfish, the global leader in adaptive swim. Get certified online today! SUPERIOR SWIM TIMING: Run a swim meet with ease from your laptop. SST is fully compatible with Hy-Tek and Team Unify as well as Colorado, Daktronics, and Omega touchpads. Tell them Brett sent you! DESTRO SWIM TOWERS: Save $150 per double swim tower by using the code "brett" at checkout! SWIMNERD LIVE: Create an interactive heat sheet. Stream your swim meet scoreboard in real time over top your live stream. Turn any tv into a digital scoreboard. Subscribe & Listen: Apple Podcasts Google Spotify YouTube Produced by: SWIMNERD Supported by: Fitter & Faster #swimming #tyr #ncstate
Plus, Nissan expands its R&D with a new safety advancement lab in Michigan. And we will give the latest motorsports update as well as commentary about a unique 90's concept car. Subscribe to our YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_QPjztoOpCfUyQ9jidodaw Hosted by Mike DeLashmutt and Miles Hall Produced by Mike DeLashmutt Music: 'Highscore' by Teminite & Panda Eyes Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org Reference Articles: Nissan Reveals Hardbody-Inspired Frontier: https://bit.ly/3agNyXo Team.Wild. Grace: https://www.instagram.com/p/CUdXE2NB9Iz/ Carlos Ghosn has mean comments: https://bit.ly/3uNqvg4 Nissan expands its R&D facility: https://bit.ly/3iGzLOh NISMO debuts off-road parts for 2021 Frontier: https://bit.ly/2Ypi2nN Nissan group reports 3rd quarter US sales: https://bit.ly/3lhUCZV Sentra Cup R11 & R12 Race Results: https://bit.ly/3lgqkGR Sentra Cup 2021 Overall Drivers Standings: https://bit.ly/2YpAxrE Nissan Cocoon concept car: https://bit.ly/3AiTppu Z Nationals: www.znationals.com/ RADwood: www.radwood.com/ Nissfest SoCal: https://bit.ly/2YuP1a9 Carolina Z Club Annual Car Show: https://bit.ly/3lilxFa Nismo Fiesta: https://www.nismofiesta.org/ JCCS: https://japaneseclassiccarshow.com/
This week, the boys dig into two oversized anthology issues, as well as a new Bat-mini that may or may not be part of 'Fear State.' Titles discussed:"Are You Afraid of Darkseid?" #1"Arkham City: The Order of the World" #1"Wonder Woman 80th Anniversary 100 Page Super Spectacular"
In this episode, we sit down with Don Shafer, historical interpretive ranger at Wilderness Road State Park, aka "Martin's Station" located in Southwest Virginia. Don has been doing some incredible work on the relatively unknown history of spies on the frontier during the American Revolution. This is a great episode about a very little understood and known part of American history and is absolutely not what think it will be. Please help us out by taking 20 seconds and giving us a rate and review or tell us how we can make a better show. We Appreciate Youz Guyz! Please help us out by leaving a comment and sharing our show with others! Don't forget to Subscribe, Comment & leave us a rating and review. We also have a YouTube Channel "Chasing History" where we take you into the field with the men & women who discover history!
Intel ARC Alchemist Reference Gaming Graphics Card Pictured In Latest Renders – Dual Slot & Dual Fan Design With Sleek Silver Finish - WccftechThe first renders of Intel's ARC Alchemist reference graphics cards have been pictured in the latest leak by Moore's Law is Dead. The renders show us what Intel's own reference design will look like & a few tidbits regarding the launch of the desktop ARC …Final Fantasy XVI Will Have an Expansive Skill Tree System - SiliconeraArise of Awakener - Official Trailer | TGS 2021 - IGNThe Nissan Frontier Running In The 2021 Rebelle Rally Honors The Hardbody - JalopnikThis colorful, souped-up Frontier is Nissan's entry for the upcoming rally.New PS5 Game Deals Blow to Xbox Series X - ComicBook.comA new PS5 game has dealt a blow to the Xbox Series X and the marketing team at Xbox. During most of the PS4 and Xbox One generation, the 'console wars' seem to have been a product of the past. However, towards the end of the generation, when Xbox began to mak…
This week we are heading over to the Disneyland Hotel and spending some time lounging and escaping the heat in the lobby of the Frontier Tower. . . . Show Patrons: Brenda Howton Allington Brown Warren Budenbender Kelly Mayer Scott Geyer Jared Story Thomas Hartman Brian Martin Nick Baker Anne Griffith Maria Sanchez Sokolowski Morgs Rooks Great Nate Elisabeth Puglisi Sydney Weddleton Kyle Horton Nicole Rachel Sutton Jonathan Howser Jennifer Gorlick Holly King . . . . Questions/comments: email@example.com Support the show at: www.patreon.com/soundsofdisney https://www.etsy.com/shop/grandcircletourco --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/sounds-of-disney/support
We talk about the #rivian RT1 and how we would all but one if Matt wins the lottery. Then, Matt talks about buying a welder from #harborfreight because it was cheaper than other models. I'm starting to think he is not very confident in his chances of winning the lottery.
This week, the boys recap September in 'Fear State,' as well as turn towards the Joshua Williamson-corner of the DCU. Titles covered: "Batman" #113"Batman Secret Files: Miracle Molly" #1"Catwoman" #35"Deathstroke, Inc" #1"Detective Comics" #1043"Harley Quinn" #7"Nightwing" #84"Robin" #6"Superman Son of Kal-El" #3
It looks better. It drives better. The 2022 mid-sized Frontier pickup is the first new one in some 16 years and the third generation should attract a lot more buyers. There are two beds, two cabs and for the first time there's ProX model, a 4x2 version of the Pro4X. Tom Voelk heads to Sundance, Utah to drive Frontier on pavement and on rocky rutted roads to see if the V6 and new suspension are up to the task. Tom attended a press event for this story courtesy of Nissan. Opinions are of course his own.
BUY TICKETS TO OUR UPCOMING LIVE SHOW HERE: https://www.tickettailor.com/events/goodshipcomedy/572834 - Worst Foot Forward Literary Salon, 10th October 2021 at Backyard Comedy Club with special guests Bec Hill, Jay Foreman and Ria Lina! This week Ben and Barry are joined by remarkable cabaret legend Mat Ricardo to head out West to find the most useless cowboys in the wild frontier. As well as various Billies, Buffallos and kids they encounter the practice of bulldogging, the moral conundrum of the Marlboro man and some aluminium factory workers who are very far from home. Follow us on Twitter: @worstfoot @bazmcstay @benvandervelde @MatRicardo Join us on our Discord server! https://discord.gg/9buWKthgfx Visit www.worstfootforwardpodcast.com for all previous episodes and you can donate to us on Patreon if you'd like to support the show during this whole pandemic thing, and especially as we work on our first book and plan more live shows! https://www.patreon.com/WorstFootForward Worst Foot Forward is part of Podnose: www.podnose.com
It’s easy to get caught up with what is right in front of you. Leading a church is no exception. The list of to-dos is endless. A sermon needs to be prepared and preached. There is always another meeting. All of this is good, and it’s a part of a call to ministry. I love it. But far too often, a focus on the here and now is at the expense of a greater mission taking place. God is at work in other churches as well. God, the Holy Spirit, is meeting the needs of a church down the street and across town. And it takes looking up and past the present circumstances to see the greater gospel mission. One Message with One Mission Of course, there is a litany of churches in America, and some of them need to be closed down. There are churches where the gospel message is not being preached, and the Bible is collecting dust. I am referring to the churches that have made a bee-line to liberation theology or theological liberalism. Those churches are writing their own story, and the story includes a slow death. And the data backs it up. I’ll grant that church attendance is down across the board in America, but mainline (liberal) protestant churches are leading the way. When I think about the advancement of the gospel, I have in mind churches where the pastor preaches from the Bible. The good news of Jesus Christ is evident in word and deed. I am talking about churches consumed with being transformed into the image of Christ instead of being transformed into the image of culture. It’s with these churches where I want to lock arms with one message on one mission. I want to look past the tree to see the forest. While these churches might be few in number, it’s these churches where I am willing to find ways to partner. It’s these churches that must band together for the advancement of the gospel. COVID Consternation I was reminded of the value of gospel partnership during 2020 and into 2021. The church where I am a pastor, Redemption Hill Church, had to navigate remaining united and meet every Sunday, without a church building. The plans we made before the pandemic were squashed, and suddenly we needed to figure out where to gather for worship. So during 2020 and into 2021, we gathered at ten different locations. From parks to drive-in church on my front lawn, the church flexed and gathered. Now, I have to admit it was challenging to pivot week in and week out. Nonetheless, by the grace of God and the support from the saints of Redemption Hill, we still exist for the glory of God. However, we were not alone. Other churches in the area saw our unique situation and moved to help us. I want to tell you about three churches that understand the importance of the gospel and the local church. “A Little Help From My Friends” Frontier Church Before COVID and before the Powers family relocated to the Des Moines metro, several families from the Twin Cities arrived. They were a people without a church home. Even after the Powers set down roots in Des Moines, it would be several months before our official first church service. So I decided to connect with the lead pastor Cole Deike. I wanted him to know that there would be a small influx of visitors for a season. He received our team with joy. Frontier faithfully preaches from God’s Word, and they are on a mission to love the Des Moines
On this week's episode, we talk about Scare Bears and horror art fairs before Jeremy attempts to stay the night with Frontier(s) and Brandy Joe fills his gut full of The Stuff. We'd love to hear from you! Send your terrorgrams to firstname.lastname@example.org. Also, check out all the other awesome shows coming at you from the Planet Ant/Planet Ant Podcast multiverse! Find out more at https://scaring-is-sharing.pinecast.co Send us your feedback online: https://pinecast.com/feedback/scaring-is-sharing/0e8485aa-8a63-4bcb-93cf-c7d37e63a56e This podcast is powered by Pinecast.
On a DC-schedule caused extra short episode, the boys dig into a three books that continue to expand the roles of some of the legacy characters at the build on the themes of 'Infinite Frontier,' even if all three are relatively siloed right now. Titles discussed:"Aquaman: The Becoming" #1"The Flash" #774"Shazam" #3
Welcome to Trust Your Sacred Feminine Flow and the Divine Feminine Awakening Series. Today we explore the key elements when we step beyond our known life, work, calling to move onto our next horizon. Managing vulnerability. Our true invitation when we step into facing the unknown. Becoming the women we were born to be through challenges, activations. The similarities between personal growth and a toddler learning how to walk. How to receive support to keep going when we feel resistance to move forward. A story from the Bible about overcoming fear. To order your FREE copy of the Radiance Equation eBook: https://theradianceequation.com/ This Divine Feminine Awakening series provides emerging wisdom from my own journey of feminine awakening delivered episode by episode in real-time over the last 5 years. Through my present-day lens, I've chosen the most vital topics to revisit with you. May you recognize and receive tools, wisdom, and landmarks for your own journey of awakening.
“Ket Buqa Noyan kept attacking left and right with all zeal. Some encouraged him to flee, but he refused to listen and said, “Death is inevitable. It is better to die with a good name than to flee in disgrace. In the end, someone from this army, old or young, will reach the court and report that Ket Buqa, not wanting to return in shame, gave his life in battle. The padishah should not grieve over lost Mongol soldiers. Let him imagine that his soldiers' wives have not been pregnant for a year and the mares of their herds have not folded. [...]The life or death of servants like us is irrelevant.” Although the soldiers left him, he continued to struggle in battle like a thousand men. In the end his horse faltered, and he was captured. [...] After that, Ket Buqa was taken before Quduz with his hands bound. “Despicable man,” said Quduz, “you have shed so much blood wrongfully, ended the lives of champions and dignitaries with false assurances, and overthrown ancient dynasties with broken promises. Now you have finally fallen into a snare yourself.”[...] “If I am killed by your hand,” said Ket Buqa, “I consider it to be God's act, not yours. Be not deceived by this event for one moment, for when the news of my death reaches Hülägü Khan, the ocean of his wrath will boil over, and from Azerbaijan to the gates of Egypt will quake with the hooves of Mongol horses. They will take the sands of Egypt from there in their horses' nose bags. Hülägü Khan has three hundred thousand renowned horsemen like Ket Buqa. You may take one of them away.” So the great Ilkhanid vizier and historian Rashid al-Din records the heroic, and certainly greatly dramatized, account of Kitbuqa Noyan's final stand at the battle of Ayn Jalut in September 1260. This was the famous Mongol defeat at the newly established, and rather fragile, Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt. The Mongols however, did not see it as an irreversible cataclysm, but the defeat of a small force which would soon be avenged, for Heaven demanded nothing less. The defeat of the Mongols at Ayn Jalut in 1260 was not the end of the war between the Mongols and the Mamluks, and over the next 50 years Hulegu's successors, the Ilkhans, tried repeatedly to avenge their losses only to be halted by the Mamluks' valiant resistance. Here, we will look at the efforts by the Mongol Ilkhanate to bring their horses to the Nile. I'm your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. First, we should note that for anyone wishing to read more about the war between the Mongols and the Mamluks, the most detailed work on the subject can be found in Reuven Amitai-Preiss' Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, released in 1995. No other work details the entire conflict and its sources so fully, and is an absolute must read for anyone desiring the most effective overview on the subject possible. With the death of Grand Khan Mongke in 1259, the Mongol Empire was irrevocably broken: while Hulegu and his successors stayed on good terms with his brother Khubilai, the nominal Great Khan, Hulegu was independent, ruler of vast domain stretching from Anatolia to the Amu Darya, known as the Ilkhanate. Hulegu's cousins in the neighbouring Golden Horde, Chagatai Khanate and the Neguderis were almost immediately antagonistic to the Ilkhans, who found themselves defending their distant frontiers from all three, in addition to internal revolts. For the Ilkhans, the Mamluks were but one frontier amongst several, one they could turn to only when the threat from the other Khanates was low. More often than not, this simple fact prevented any great Ilkhanid invasion of the Mamluk state. For the Mamluks though, their border with the Ilkhanate along the Euphrates river was of utmost importance. In the aftermath of Ayn Jalut, the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz was assassinated by the energetic Baybars, who had fought alongside Qutuz against Kitbuqa. We introduced Baybars back in episode 30 of this podcast. While much credit can be given to Qutuz and the quality of the Mamluk soldiery for the victory at Ayn Jalut, the reason for continued Mamluk successes against the Mongols can be attributed to Baybars. A Qipchaq from the great Eurasian steppe, as a young boy Baybars had been sold into slavery to the Ayybuid Sultan of Egypt. There, Baybars was converted to Islam and received extensive training in all matter of military affairs. An excellent soldier, coupled with immense ambition, endurance and drive, Baybars understood clearly the danger the Mongols posed, and set up his entire kingdom to defend against them. The new Sultan greatly expanded the Mamluk regiments, encouraging good relations with the Golden Horde, Genoese and Byzantine Empire to keep up the flow of Turkic slave soldiers from the Eurasian steppe, over the Mediterranean to the ports of Egypt. He established a sophisticated intelligence network to inform him on the Ilkhanate and spread misinformation within it, supported by a system of signal towers, messenger pigeons, improved roads, bridges and relay stations to rapidly send messages. This was the barid, which served as the Mamluks' answer to the Mongol yam system. Its riders reported directly to the Mamluk Sultan. Frontier fortifications along the Euphrates River like al-Bira and al-Rahba were strengthened, and they served as the first line of defence when the armies of the Ilkhanate advanced. When messengers raced down from Syria to Egypt with news of a Mongol assault, Baybars would immediately march with an army from Cairo to meet them head on. More often than not, the Mongol attack party would return to the Ilkhanate rather than face Baybars head on. His swift reaction kept border officials loyal, feeling their Sultan would soon be there to assist them, or to punish defections. Rather than face the Mongols in battle, garrisons of cities in Syria past the Euphrates border were ordered to withdraw and regrouped at designated locations during invasions, facing the Mongols with united forces or awaiting the Sultan. Baybars would not allow the Mongols to overrun his empire piecemeal, as they had the Khwarezmian Empire some forty years prior. Baybars cultivated relations with bedouin nomads across Syria, who provided valuable auxiliaries, intelligence and also to keep them from allying with the Mongols. Finally, he strengthed his position domestically, controlling the economy and appointing his own Caliphs to legitimize himself, presenting himself as the defender of Islam. Baybars prepared his entire kingdom for Mongol attacks, a highly effective system the Ilkhanate struggled against. For the Ilkhans, the theater with the Mamluks was a sideshow, one to attack only when other frontiers were secured. The Mamluk Sultanate itself had no hope of conquering the Ilkhanate or seriously threatening it, so the various Ilkhans felt no great rush to overwhelm the Mamluks. In contrast, for the Mamluks the Ilkhanid border was of utmost importance: Baybars had to levy almost entirety of the Mamluk army to repel the Mongols, and thus not even a single defeat could be afforded for it would allow the Mongols to overrun Egypt, and the remainder of the Islamic west. Thus did Baybars finetune a system that proved remarkably successful at defending against the house of Hulegu, although it demanded great personal ability on the part of the monarch, and Baybars' successors struggled to compare to his vision. Soon after Ayn Jalut in September 1260, a Mongol force of about 6,000 returned to Syria that December. Commanded by Baydar, an officer of Kitbuqa who had escaped Qutuz and Baybars' great advance earlier that year, it was a serious threat. At that time Sultan Baybars had not tightened his hold over Syria, attacks by the Crusader states had wrought further confusion, and some of Qutuz's loyalists had rebelled against Baybars' rule, one of whom even declared himself sultan. There is implication in the Mamluk sources that the attack was not launched on Hulegu's order, but Baydar's own initiative to avenge Kitbuqa. As his army marched, they found that the garrisons of Syria had retreated before them. Placing a governor in Aleppo and other major cities, as the Mongols neared Homs they found the combined garrisons of Homs, Hama and Aleppo had retreated there and rallied before them. Greatly outnumbering the Syrian forces, perhaps 6,000 troops under Baydar to 1,400 under the Syrians, Baydar was ultimately defeated in battle, the Syrians aided by thick fog and the timely flanking of local Bedouin. Coincidentally, it was fought near the grave of Khalid ibn al-Walid, the great commander of the early Islamic conquests and victor at Yarmouk, which earned it double the symbolic value. This first battle of Homs, as it was to become known, strengthened the feeling that the Mongols were not invincible. The Mongol army outnumbered the Mamluk garrisons, and keenly demonstrated the importance of unified defense rather than each garrison hiding behind city walls. For many Mamluk writers, it was the first battle of Homs that stood as the great victory over the Mongols, rather than Ayn Jalut. It was also the last major Mongol offensive into Syria in the 1260s. Hulegu spent the next years fighting with Berke Khan of the Golden Horde over the valuable territory of Azerbaijan, which Berke believed belonged to the house of Jochi. With Hulegu's death in February 1265, he was succeeded by his son Abaqa, who was distracted by Jochid attacks and the efforts of setting up a new empire. By then, the most entrenched Sultan Baybars could solidify his defences, and turn to the isolated Crusader strongholds. By this time, little remained of the former Crusader Kingdoms, baring some coastal cities like Antioch, Tripoli and Acre and a few inland fortresses like Krak des Chevaliers and Montfort. The Crusader States had shown neutrality to the Mongols, or even joined them such as the County of Tripoli in 1260 after the Mongols entered Syria. Their neutrality or allegiance to the Mongols, in addition to the possibility of them acting as a foothold to further European troops, meant that the Mamluks would unleash bloody vengeance on them whenever the opportunity arose. From February to April 1265 in the immediate aftermath of Hulegu's death, Baybars conquered Caesarea, Haifa, Arsuf, Galilee and raided Cilician Armenia, the vassals of the Ilkhanate. In 1268 Baybars took Antioch, and in 1270-71 when Abaqa was fighting with Chagatayid and Neguderi armies in the far east, Baybars took the fortresses of Krak des Chevaliers and Montfort, and planned to attack Tripoli, another Ilkhanid vassal. Though it remains popular in some circles to portray the Mamluk conquest of the Crusader holdouts as titanic clashes, they were side affairs, undertaken by the Mamluks whenever the Ilkhans were occupied. Such was the slow and humiliating coup de grace which ended the Crusader states. The Mamluks' ending of the Crusader kingdoms certainly served them strategically, for it was the most effective way to prevent any link up between European and Mongol forces. Hulegu and his successors sent letters to the Kings and Popes of Europe, encouraging them to take up crusade against the Mamluks and together defeat them, offering to return Jerusalem and other holy sites back into Christian hands, but this almost always fell on deaf ears or were greeted with empty promises. Louis IX's highly organized crusades had resulted in utter debacles at Mansura in 1250 and Tunis in 1270, which dampened whatever minor enthusiasm for crusade was left in Europe. Few European monarchs ever seriously took up Mongol offers at military alliances, with two exceptions. King James I of Aragon found himself the most motivated by the Il-Khan Abaqa's requests, encouraged by the promises of the Ilkhanate's logistical and military support once they reached the mainland. James made his preparations, and launched a fleet in September 1269. An unexpected storm scattered the fleet, and only two of James' bastard children made it to Acre, who stayed only briefly, accomplishing little there before departing. This was soon followed by the arrival of prince Edward of England, the future King Edward I, at Acre in May 1271 with a small force, and Abaqa sent an army under Samaghar, the Mongol commander in Rum, to assist him: but Samaghar's force withdrew with the arrival of Baybars. Edward's troops performed poorly on their own minor raids, and set sail for England in September 1272. One of the commanders who took part in Samaghar's raid was Mu'in al-Din Sulaiman, better known as the Pervane, from sahib pervana, the keeper of the seals, though it literally means “butterfly.” The Pervane was the dominant figure of the rump state of the Seljuqs of Rum: when the previous Mongol installed Seljuq Sultan, Kilij Arlan IV, had challenged the Pervane, he succeeded in getting Abaqa to execute the Sultan and instate Arslan's young son, a toddler enthroned as Ghiyath al-Din Kaykhusraw III. Thus did the Pervane, in coordination with Samaghar Noyan, act as the master of Anatolia. Essentially co-governors, Samaghar and the Pervane had a stable relationship, enriching themselves along the way. But when Abaqa appointed his younger brother Ejei to oversee the Pervana and Samaghar. The Pervane chafed under the increased financial burden and supervision, and asked Abaqa to recall his brother, claiming Ejei was in cooperation with Baybars. Abaqa promised to recall him, but delayed. In his frustration, the Pervane himself reached out to Baybars. The Sultan's curiosity was piqued, but didn't commit; by the time his response reached the Pervane in 1274, Ejei and Samaghar had been replaced by Toqa Noyan, and the Pervane didn't respond. Under Toqa Noyan, Mongol pressure was even greater in Anatolia, and the Pervane's powers were more limited than ever. What followed was a terrible mess of political machinations. The Pervane got Toqa Noyan removed, Ejei was reinstated, the Pervane's efforts to remove Ejei again frustrated Abaqa, who removed Ejei, killed some of his followers and reinstated the Pervane and Toqa Noyan. In November 1275, the Mongols besieged al-Bira, but Baybars had learned of it in advance allegedly due to contacts with the Pervane. After this, the Pervane was careful to rebuild trust with Abaqa, bringing him the Seljuq Sultan's sister to wed. At the same time, with or without the Pervane's support a group of Rumi amirs met with Baybars in July 1276, urging him to attack. Judging there was enough support in Rum for him he agreed, and Baybars mobilized his army over winter 1276, setting out in February 1277. As Baybars sped up the Levantine coast, the Pervane rapidly lost control of Rum as various Turkmen rebelled and a new Mongol army under Tudawan cracked down on the amirs who had contacted Baybars. In Syria, Baybars sent a diversionary force from Aleppo over the Euphrates, while his main army entered Anatolia in early April. After pushing off a Mongol advance force of 3,000 in the Taurus Mountains, news reaches Baybars that Tudawun was camped close by on a plain near the town of Abulustayn (Elbistan) and set out for them, the armies meeting on the 15th of April 1277. Tudawan's army was about 14,000 Mongols, Turk and heavily armoured Georgian cavalry was joined by an army of Rumi troops similar size under the Pervane, but Tudawan distrusted them, and kept them away from his lines. Tudawan's scouts had failed to judge the size of the Mamluk army, which he believed to be smaller and lacking Baybars. In reality, the Mamluks outnumbered the Mongols by a few thousand. As the Mamluks entered the plain at the narrow end they were unable to properly form up, and their centre was positioned before their left wing. The Mongol left flank began the battle, sending arrows into the Mamluk standard bearers in the centre before charging them. The Mamluk centre buckled under the charge, and the more exposed Mamluk left wing was similarly pounded by the Mongol right. The situation was critical for the Mamluks: likely at this stage, their bedouin irregulars fled. Baybars sent in his reserve, the garrison of Hama, to reinforce his left, and succeeded in forcing back the Mongols. A brief respite allowed the Mamluks to better deploy their lines, and counterattack. The Mongols fought fiercely, but the greater number of the Mamluks made the difference. Gradually forced back over the course of the day, their horses exhausted and unable to access remounts, the Mongols dismounted, signalling they were fighting to the death. With great struggle, the Mamluks defeated them and killed their commanders. The Rumi army took little part in the battle and dispersed, the Pervane escaping, with one of his sons captured by Baybars. The next day the Mamluk Sultan marched for Kayseri, reaching it on April 20th. Baybars ordered the Pervane and the Seljuq Sultan to him, but the Pervane held out in his own castle. Both realized that Baybars would not be able to hold this position, deep in enemy territory, supplies low and the rest of his kingdom unprotected while a furious Abaqa rallied his army. 5 days after entering Kayseri, Baybars was en route back to Syria and though his vanguard deserted to the Mongols, by June he was in Damascus. Abaqa arrived in Rum too late to catch Baybars, and in his fury was only narrowly persuaded out of massacring everything between Kayseri and Erzerum, while the summer heat kept him from invading Syria. He was able to catch the Pervane though, and put him to death: allegedly, his flesh was eaten by Abaqa and the senior Mongols. Thus ended one of Baybars' most skillfully executed campaigns: lightning quick and devastating, creating a terrible mess for the Ilkhanate, though in itself brought no strategic gain or shift in the status quo. It was a great shock when the Lion of Egypt suddenly died at the beginning of July 1277 soon after his return. Baybars had hoped to establish a dynasty: he was seamlessly succeeded by his older son, named al-Sa'id Berke. The new Sultan quickly antagonized the Mamluk emirs through his efforts to limit their powers, and was forced to abdicate in favour of his younger brother, the 7 year old Sulamish. The boy was nothing but a puppet, and his guardian, one of the late Baybars' Mamluks named Qalawun, soon forced the boy out and took power himself in November 1279. Like Berke, Qalawun had been taken from the Qipchap steppe and sold as a Mamluk. He had loyally served Baybars and proven himself an able commander, though something of a schemer. Though Qalawun's line came to dominate the Mamluk Sultanate for essentially the next century, initially Qalawun faced stiff opposition in attempting to assert his authority. This disruption in the Sultanate was a golden opportunity for Abaqa, who decided it was time to press the Mamluk frontier. To this, he decided to put his younger brother Mongke-Temur to the task. Prince Mongke-Temur first raided Syria in November 1280 with King Lewon III of Armenian Cilicia, Bohemond VII of Tripoli and a contingent of Knights Hospitaller. In September 1281, Mongke-Temur returned again, a large force of perhaps 40-50,000 Mongols, Armenians under Lewon III, Georgians, Franks and troops from Seljuq Rum. Abaqa initially followed with another army, but may have been forced to hold due to rumours of an attack by the Golden Horde at Derbent. The Mongol invasion provided a common enemy to unite the Mamluk factions fighting for power, and under Qalawun they advanced, reinforced by Syrian garrisons and bedouins. They reached Homs a few days before the Mongols in late October, giving Qalawun's troops a chance to dig in and rest on the plain north of the city. Their preparations were improved as a Mongol defector informed them of Mongke-Temur's battle plan. Most of the Mongol army was to be placed in the center with the right wing also strong, intending to overpower the Mamluk left and centre where the Sultan's banners would be. Qalawun thus reinforced his left wing, and positioned himself on a hill behind the vanguard to oversee the battle and act as reserve. Marching through the night, the Mongols arrived early on the 29th of October, 1281. It was a massive front, over 24 kilometres in length due to the size of both armies. The wings of both forces, so far apart, had little knowledge of what was occurring on the other side. While tired from the night march, the Mongols were eager: the battle was initiated when the Mongol right under Alinaq charged forth. The Mamluk left and part of their centre crumpled and routed under the onslaught. Alinaq continued his pursuit, and here Mongke-Temur's inexperience and the scale of the battlefield began to tell. Proper communication with the command seemingly absent, Alinaq pursued the fleeing Mamluks off the battlefield, as far as the Lake of Homs where they dismounted to rest, evidently anticipating the rest of the army would soon arrive. A similar charge by the Mongol left wing lacked the numbers of the Mongol right, so the Mamluk right and centre were able to hold and counterattack. Qalawun's actual role in this counterattack isn't clear: some sources have him personally lead the attack, while in others he kept his position hidden, not even raising his banners so as to avoid Mongol arrows. The Mamluks pushed back the Mongol right and the bedouin came around to hit the Mongol flank. The Mongol right fell back to the centre, which under Mongke-Temur was being held in reserve. In the resulting confusion, perhaps thrown by his horse, Mongke-Temur was injured and unable to command. Most of the Mongols then dismounted to make a final stand around the prince, and ultimately routed under the Mamluk assault. The Mamluks chased the fleeing Mongols right to the border with the Ilkhanate, many drowning in the Euphrates or dying in the desert: so deadly was this rout that Mamluk authors said more Mongols were killed in flight than in the actual battle. Qalawun and a small guard remained on the battlefield: they were forced to hide their banners and stay silent when the Mongol right wing finally returned to the battlefield, too late to turn the tide. It seems it was able to take an orderly retreat back into the Ilkhanate. Abaqa was furious at this loss, and intended to return the next year, but died in April 1282. As we have covered in our previous episodes, Abaqa's successors were not blessed with his same longevity or stability, and until 1295 the Ilkhanate saw a succession of short lived monarchs and infighting, internal revolts and renewed attacks by the Golden Horde. Though the succeeding Ilkhans continued to demand Mamluk submission, send threatening letters and continue to attempt an alliance with European powers, nothing materialized beyond border raids and skirmishes in both directions. For the time being, the immediate Mongol threat to the Mamluks had ended, and Sultan Qalawun turned to the remaining Frankish strongholds, all possible beachheads for European armies coming to assist the Ilkhans. Armenian Cilicia was pillaged, remaining inland Crusader strongholds were taken, and in April 1289 the Mongols' vassal Tripoli fell. After the death of Abaqa's son Arghun Il-Khan in March 1291, the Mamluks used the resulting distraction in the Ilkhanate to take the final major Frankish city in the Holy Land, Acre, leaving them with but miniscule holdings which fell in the following years. So ended 200 years of Crusader Kingdoms. Following Qalawun's death in 1290, he was succeeded by his son al-Ashraf Khalil. A fearsome military commander, it was he who led the push to seize Acre and the final Crusader holdings of note. Yet he did not long to enjoy the throne, and was assassinated in the last days of 1293 due to his efforts to curb the power of the existing Mamluk emirs. With his assassination, the Mamluks entered a period of political instability over the Sultanate. Initially his younger brother al-Nasir Muhammad was placed on the throne, still a child and without any real power. After a year as Sultan he was forced out by his guardian and regent, a Mamluk named, of all things, Kitbuqa. Apparently of Mongol origin, he had been taken captive by the Mamluks at the first battle of Homs in 1260, and made in turn a Mamluk, that is, a slave soldier. Kitbuqa's reign as Sultan was not particularly notable, mostly marked by intense political infighting and machinations. There was, however, a large body of Oirats who deserted the Ilkhanate to join the Mamluks Sultanate. Kitbuqa's generous treatment of this body of nomadic troops, with whom it appeared he shared kinship, angered a number of the other Mamluk emirs and undermined his power. He was soon forced to flee as one of al-Ashraf Khalil's assassins, the Emir Lajin, seized power. When Lajin was murdered in 1299, al-Ashraf Khalil's young brother al-Nasir Muhammad was recalled to take the throne. Only 14 years old, al-Nasir Muhammad had no real power and was still a puppet for the emirs competing for power. In comparison, 1295 saw the beginning of the reign of the powerful Ghazan Khan, son of Arghun. Ghazan, as we have covered, was not the first Muslim Ilkhan but by his reign a majority of the Mongols within the Ilkhanate had converted, and made the Ilkhanate an Islamic state. Ghazan consolidated his position early on, executing a number of potential challengers to the throne and restabilizing the Ilkhanid economy, though you can listen to our episode dedicated to Ghazan for more on the internal matters of his reign. While Ghazan was a Muslim, this did not change Ilkhanid policy to the Mamluk. He continued to send letters to western Europe urging them to land an army behind enemy lines. In late 1298, while Mamluk armies ravaged the Ilkhan's vassal Cilician Armenia, the na'ib of Damascus, Sayf al-Din Qibjaq and a few other top Mamluks deserted to the Ilkhanate during a particularly violent stretch within the Sultanate. Fearing for their lives, they inform Ghazan of Sultan Lajin and his vice-Sultan Manketamur's purges and unstable positions. Then in summer 1299 a Mamluk raid into the Ilkhanate sacked Mardin, violating Muslim women and descretating a mosque during Ramadan. Ghazan was thus able to easily obtain a fatwa against the Mamluks for this, presenting himself not as an invader, but a holy warrior coming to avenge atrocities against Islam to encourage dissent among Mamluk ranks. Indeed, the ruler of Hama, a top Mamluk ally, believed the accusations. By December 1299, Ghazan and his army of Mongols, Georgians and Armenians under their King Het'um II, had crossed the Euphrates. By then, Sultan Lajin had been replaced by a al-Nasir Muhammad who was nearly toppled by the Oirat refugees to the Sultanate. Ghazan bypassed Aleppo and Hama, and hunted for the Mamluk army. While encamped on the edge of the Syrian desert, Ghazan learned the Mamluks were gathering at Homs, where they had defeated Mongke-Temur 18 years prior. Rather than fall into their trap, Ghazan chose to outflank them, crossing the Syrian desert and coming out onto a stream some 16 kilometres north of Homs on the 22nd of December. To the Mamluks, it appeared that Ghazan was retreating, and advanced out of their favourable position to pursue. In a reverse of the 2nd Battle of Homs, now the Mamluks were forced to cross the desert, exhausting themselves to reach Ghazan early the next morning, while his own troops rested, quenched their thirst and formed up. Crucially, the Ilkhanid army was under the firm control of Ghazan and his commander Qutlugh-Shah, while the young al-Nasir Muhammad could not control his senior emirs. On the morning of December 23rd, 1299, the Mamluks found Ghazan's army was drawn up. Ghazan commanded the centre, while his general Qutlugh-Shah commanded the right. Qutlugh-Shah's beating of war drums made the Mamluks believe Ghazan to be located there, and to him they charged, forcing the Mongol right back. Ghazan led the counterattack against them, and Qutlugh-Shah rallied what forces he could and rejoined the Il-Khan. From 11 a.m until nightfall, the battle raged, but finally the Mamluks broke and fled. Ghazan pursued them past Homs before encamping, not wishing to be drawn into a false retreat in the dark. Homs surrendered without a fight and Ghazan took the Sultan's treasure, distributing it among his nokod, keeping for himself a sword, the title deeds to the Mamluk Sultanate and the muster roll of its army. Next Ghazan marched onto Damascus, which also surrendered without a fight, though its citadel held out. It seems almost the entire Mamluk garrison of Syria had retreated, perhaps recalled to defend the capital. Mongol raiding parties were making it as far as Gaza, with one source reporting they even entered Jerusalem, and the Sultanate seemed poised to fall. But on February 5th, 1300, Ghazan withdrew from Damascus, returning to the Ilkhanate. Qutlugh-Shah had been left to take the Citadel of Damascus, but he soon followed the Il-Khan. By the end of May, the Mamluks had retaken Syria. Exactly why Ghazan withdrew is unclear: possibly reports of a Neguderi invasion in the east of his realm demanded his attention, or he feared there would not be sufficient pasturage for his large army to make the trip to Egypt: the Mamluks were known to burn grassland and destroy supply depots on the routes they suspected the Mongols to take. Likely he was unaware of how dire the situation really was for the Mamluks, and suspected further armed resistance along the route would make the already treacherous crossing over the Sinai even harder on his army. Whatever the reason, Ghazan had lost the greatest chance to destroy the Mamluks. Ghazan did cross the Euphrates at the end of December 1300, reaching as far as Aleppo, but heavy rains rendered military operations untenable. In 1303 Ghazan ordered Qutlugh-Shah back into Syria, but he was defeated at Marj al-Suffar near Damascus in April. Ghazan's death the next year, only 34 years old, prevented his next assault. His brother and successor, Oljeitu, ordered the final Ilkhanid attack on the Sultanate, an embarrassing effort in winter 1312 which saw the army retreat not from the Royal Mamluks, but the stiff resistance of ordinary townsfolk. Oljeitu's son, Abu Sa'id, ultimately organized peace with the Mamluks in the early 1320s, ending the sixty years of warfare between the Mongols and the Mamluks. The Ilkhanate did not long outlive this treaty. Abu Sa'id death in 1335 without an heir saw the Ilkhanate torn apart by regional commanders -the Jalayirids, Chobanids, Muzaffarids and Injuids, among others- who appointed their own puppet Khans or abandoned the pretense entirely. For the Mamluks, they were unable to take advantage of the Ilkhanate's disintegration as when al-Nasir Muhammad died in 1341, they entered their own period of anarchy: 8 of al-Nasir's children and 4 of his grandsons would in turn become Sultan between 1341 and 1382, a period which culminated in the rise of the Circassian Burji Mamluk Dynasty. Whereas the Sultans from Qutuz, Baybars through Qalawun and his descendants were men of Qipchaq-Cuman or even Mongol origin, over the late thirteenth and first half of the fourteenth century a growing number of the Mamluks were sourced no longer from the Qipchaq steppe, but Circassia, a region along the Black Sea's northeastern coastline. With the end of the Qalawunid Dynasty, Mamluks of Circassian origin took power and established their own dynasty. The Bahri and Burji distinction refers to the parts of Cairo each Mamluk garrison had been based. It was this Mamluk dynasty who would face the wrath of Temur-i-lang at the beginning of the fifteenth century. These post-Ilkhanid events will be the topic for a forthcoming episode, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals podcast to follow for that. If you enjoyed this and would like to help us continue bringing you great content, please consider supporting us on patreon at www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I'm your host David, and we'll catch you on the next one.
You have almost certainly heard Nicholas Britell's music, even if you don't know his name. More than any other contemporary composer, he appears to have the whole of music history at his command, shifting easily between vocabularies, often in the same film.His most arresting scores tend to fuse both ends of his musical education. “Succession” is 18th-century court music married to heart-pounding beats; “Moonlight” chops and screws a classical piano-and-violin duet as if it's a Three 6 Mafia track.Britell's C.V. reads like the setup for a comedy flick: a Harvard-educated, world-class pianist who studied psychology and once played in a moderately successful hip-hop band, who wound up managing portfolios on Wall Street.That is until he started scoring movies, and quickly acquired Academy Award nominations.“What I've found in the past,” said Jon Burlingame, a film-music historian, “is that people have found it impossible to incorporate such modern musical forms as hip-hop into dramatic underscore for films. When Nick did it in ‘Moonlight,' I was frankly stunned. I didn't think it was possible.”This story was written by Jamie Fisher and recorded by Audm. To hear more audio stories from publications like The New York Times, download Audm for iPhone or Android.
After Jose and Matt bail on the show, Cody calls to the bullpen and brings in Casey and Presley in the clutch. We talk about vehicles for a 16 year old, our next trip, and how long each person gets when they are on the swing at recess. This is important stuff, people.