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Midnight Train Podcast
Vigilante Justice - What Goes Around Comes Around. Sort Of.

Midnight Train Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2022 127:20


www.themidnighttrainpodcast.com  Become a Patron and get more episodes! www.patreon.com/accidentaldads  Imagine the scene: A serial murderer is guided by a specific “code” that kills only those who are guilty. He has access to crime scenes as a blood splatter analyst for the Miami police, gathering information and analyzing DNA to confirm a target's guilt before killing them. Sound familiar? It should, it's the premise of the TV show, “Dexter.”   Ah, yes, Dexter. I love that show. We figured we would talk about the life of Dexter even though Logan, of course, has never seen it. Jk.   Obviously, murder is never acceptable, right? It's the worst crime we can commit against one another, right? But what if, someone who didn't believe in the “thou shall not kill” premise decided to murder someone you love? What if someone raped or beat someone you love? What if a child was purposefully abused, raped, or arguably worse, murdered? Does that horrendous situation change the narrative? Would you, COULD YOU, take the life of the person or persons responsible for your now substantial and debilitating loss? I want you to honestly think about that as we go through today's episode.    Bottom line, do specific human piles of shit DESERVE TO DIE?   Pedro Rodrigues Filho, or Killer Petey, is a Brazilian serial murderer. He was convicted and is notorious for hunting out and murdering only criminals as a teenager, between the ages of 14 and 19, particularly an entire gang in retaliation for the killing of his pregnant girlfriend.   He served 34 years in prison before being released in 2007, having been formally imprisoned for 71 murders but claimed to have killed over 100 drug traffickers, rapists, and murderers. Filho was initially sentenced to eight more years in jail in 2011 on accusations of inciting violence and deprivation of liberty. However, he was released in 2018 after serving seven years on the condition that he behaved himself. Nevertheless, he murdered 47 inmates inside the prisons where he was held captive, most of whom were rapists.   Since his second release from prison in 2018, when he declared himself to be reformed from his self-declared vigilantism as a youth and committed to not committing any more crimes, Filho has gained notoriety as a YouTube personality in Brazil. He runs the channel Pedrinho EX Matador, later renamed 2P Entretenimento, where he comments on current crimes and teaches the general public that committing crimes is not something to be proud of.   South of Minas Gerais in Santa Rita do Sapuca, on a farm, Rodrigues was born. His father was abusive and, all in all, a piece of shit and had kicked his mother's belly during a fight while she was pregnant, leaving the poor unborn child with a bruised skull.    In a quarrel with an older relative at age 13, he shoved the young man into a sugar cane press, nearly killing him, and had pondered leaving him there to die before deciding to save him. He claimed that this was the first time he had felt the urge to kill.   When Filho was fourteen years old, his father was accused of stealing food from the high school kitchen where he worked as a security guard, resulting in him losing his job. In vengeance, Filho killed the vice-mayor of Alfenas with Filho's Grandfather's shotgun, as he was the one who fired his father. A month later, he killed another guard at the school whom he believed to be the real thief.    On the run, Rodrigues took refuge in Mogi das Cruzes, Greater São Paulo, where he began robbing drug dens and killing drug traffickers, making him a celebrity in the news media as the vigilante “Pedrinho Matador” (Lil' Petey Killer). Filho killed one of the gang leaders in the area he was ransacking. After killing the gang leader, he took over his role and began running the same gang, almost like a Riddick moment where you keep what you kill.   During this time, he met a woman named Maria Aparecida Olympia, nicknamed Botinha. After they found out they were pregnant, Filho proposed! So awesome to see that this man, with what could be perceived as a savage beast-like mentality, actually has a pretty big heart.   Unfortunately, a rival gang leader brutally murdered Filho's fiancee during Olympia's pregnancy.   After finding out about the murder, Filho kind of went full John Wick. He and a few of his friends went to the wedding of the rival gang member. The hit squad brutally massacred all involved in the death of his soon-to-be wife and the mother of his child. He killed 7 at the wedding and injured 16 more. All of this came after Filho went on a torture spree to find out who was involved initially. We don't know precisely how many were killed or hurt leading up to this point. Dudes an absolute monster and gave zero fucks.   Speaking of giving zero fucks, the boyfriend of Filho's favorite cousin knocked her up! Pretty exciting news. Except for the fact that the boyfriend refused to marry her, so… Filho shot and killed him.  Remember how we mentioned that Filho's Father was a piece of shit? Well, it gets worse. A few months after the massacre at the wedding, Filho found out that his mother had been killed. By his father. Who had butchered and dismembered her with a machete. After his father was committed to prison, Filho went and paid him a visit! While at the conjugal, Filho stabbed him 22 times! Not only did he kill his father, but he carved his heart out of him and took a rather large bite out of it. Amazing that he still somehow doesn't have any jail time or was even caught! Brazil, what's up down there?   Well, after a few years of Filho continuing his lifestyle of a gang leader, it's known that he killed a few more before good old Johnny Law caught up to him in 1973. After he was sentenced to 126 years in prison, he was transported in a police car with another inmate, where he supposedly murdered him in the police car.   Filho served only 34 years, however, while in prison. This is because the maximum time a criminal can serve is thirty years when convicted, according to Brazilian law. This was later changed to 40 years in 2019.    While in prison, he didn't slow down much on the killing. He murdered 47 other criminals serving time in the same prison as him. They were the worst of the worst, though. Murderers, rapists, sex traffickers, etc. That's valiant, right?   But being a killer of killers creates a pretty strong and bad reputation among other criminals. Especially when most of the prison population has that on their rap sheet. So he made some enemies while there.   He was ambushed by some of these people. During the ambush, he killed three of his attackers and injured the other two. One bad motherfucker.   He was up for release in 2003 but because of the murders within the prison, he was given an extra four years. But he only murdered bad guys. I mean, there was just the one-off murder of his cellmate because he snored too loud, but I mean, come on, who hasn't thought about that? No? Just me? Hmm. Anyways. He did mention that he enjoyed a few of the murders just because they were terrible people, and he wanted to kill them.   He was formally let free on April 24, 2007, but on September 15, 2011, he was detained at his home and later found guilty of riot and false imprisonment. He acknowledged that the fact that his girlfriend was not in jail was his primary reason for wanting to be released. However, he was ultimately sentenced to 128 years for these offenses.   Filho was released in 2018 due to Brazil's repeal of the law stating that those with a diagnosis of psychopathy can be imprisoned indefinitely and that the country's maximum penalty is 30 years. Since then, he has created a YouTube channel where he shares his experiences. In addition, he tries to teach others to not follow in his footsteps.   So let's sum this guy up:   Most of the time, Filho hunted down the various types of offenders he wanted to kill by looking up their names and addresses. He then brutally killed them in several methods. However, he admitted that his preferred method was to hack or stab them to death with swords. Usually, when he learned of a crime, that prompted him to take action. When driven by rage rather than thrill, he would occasionally capture criminals (usually professional criminals and drug dealers) and torture them to death. He sometimes modified his approach by following the path taken by his victims when they committed their own crimes, such as when he murdered his father or when he murdered seven people in one day.   Now how about we look at some other folks with the same motifs? Now they may not have as extensive of a rap sheet as Filho, but these following people had decided to make it known for taking justice into their own hands when the Justice system didn't seem to do enough for them. Marianne Bachmeier   She was a struggling single mother who learned with horror that her daughter Anna, age 7, had died. The girl missed school on May 5, 1980, and somehow ended up at the home of Klaus Grabowski, a 35-year-old butcher who lived next door. Later, a cardboard box containing Anna's remains was discovered on the side of a nearby canal. Grabowski was detained very quickly after his fiancée called the police to report the incident since he already had a criminal record for child abuse. Grabowski argued that he hadn't sexually molested the little girl before killing her, even after confessing to the crime.   Instead, Grabowski made the strange claim that the young girl had attempted to “blackmail” him by saying she would tell her mother he had assaulted her if he didn't give her money. Grabowski further claimed that the primary motivation for his decision to kill the kid in the first place was this alleged “blackmailing.”    The murder of Marianne Bachmeier's daughter had already infuriated her. But when the murderer related this tale, she grew even more irate. She was determined to get retribution when the man was put on trial a year later.   At Grabowski's 1981 trial in the Lübeck district court, his defense claimed that since he had been deliberately castrated for his crimes years earlier, he had only committed the offense due to a hormone imbalance.   The third day of the trial was Bachmeier's breaking point. She concealed a .22-caliber Beretta handgun in her handbag, took it out in the courtroom, and fired eight shots at the murderer. Grabowski received six rounds of fire before passing away in a pool of blood on the courthouse floor. Bachmeier reportedly responded, “I wanted to kill him,” according to Judge Guenther Kroeger.   Although it was evident from the several witnesses and Bachmeier's comments that it was indeed her who killed Grabowski, she was shortly placed on trial for the crime. She said, “He killed my daughter... I meant to shoot him in the face but I shot him in the back... I hope he's dead.”   With some celebrating Bachmeier as a hero and others denouncing her conduct, the “Revenge Mother” case swiftly gained notoriety in Germany. Before shooting Grabowski, Bachmeier said that she saw visions of Anna in the trial and could no longer stand for him to misrepresent her daughter. She allegedly sold her story to Stern magazine to pay her defense lawyers for $158,000.   In the end, the courts found Bachmeier guilty in 1983 of deliberate manslaughter. For her acts, she received a six-year prison term. Jason Vukovich   Unlike other real-life vigilantes, Jason Vukovich's search for justice began years before he set out to pursue it. Vukovich, born to a single mother in Anchorage, Alaska, on June 25, 1975, was quickly adopted by his mother's new husband, Larry Fulton. Fulton seemed devout in public, but in reality, he molested Vukovich during his nightly “prayer sessions.”   Vukovich and his brother were often beaten with belts and pieces of wood in addition to sexual torture. And to make matters worse, Fulton got away with all these horrific offenses, which infuriated Vukovich. As a result, Vukovich, who fled terrified at 16, spent years getting by on narcotics and small-time thievery.   He returned to Alaska in 2008, but his desire to get revenge on pedophiles like Fulton didn't go away. It culminated in 2016. Vukovich started by browsing the neighborhood sex offenders list. He then attacked and stole from three of the guys on the list as the last act.   In June 2016, Vukovich went after the three guys. Targeting Albee first, he drove to the residences of Andres Barbosa, Charles Albee, and Wesley Demarest. Then, on the morning of June 24, Vukovich broke into the man's house and smacked the 68-year-old before robbing him and fleeing.   Two days later, he approached Barbosa in a very identical manner. However, he arrived at the door at 4 a.m. this time. He assaulted Barbosa with a punch to the face, stole his truck, and fled the scene with two female accomplices and a hammer. Demarest was instructed to get on his knees as Vukovich struck him in the fucking face with a hammer.   Vukovich claimed, “I am an angel of vengeance. “I'm going to administer justice to those you injured.”   Shortly after, the hammer, stolen items, and a notepad with the names of the persons in it were all discovered by police on Vukovich who was hiding in a nearby car. As a result, 18 charges of assault, robbery, burglary, and theft were brought against him. He decidedly took a plea deal.   According to allthatsintersting.com, in 2018, Vukovich was sentenced to 28 years in prison, after which the judge stated that “vigilantism won't be accepted in our society.”   Vukovich has since expressed regret for his actions and urged others in his position not to follow in his footsteps: “I began my life sentence many, many years ago, it was handed down to me by an ignorant, hateful, poor substitute for a father. I now face losing most of the rest of my life due to a decision to lash out at people like him. To all those who have suffered like I have, love yourself and those around you, this is truly the only way forward.”   Gary Plauché   Now I'm pretty sure we all already know this story, but it fits the agenda of what we share.   Jeff Doucet, a 25-year-old karate teacher in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, enjoyed the total confidence of his young pupils and their parents. But on February 19, 1984, when Doucet took Jody Plauché, then 11 years old, for what was intended to be a 15-minute automobile journey, that confidence was horribly betrayed.   When their son didn't come home that day, Gary and June Plauché became quite concerned—and with good reason. Doucet had taken their small boy hostage and was transporting him to the West Coast. Before booking a room at a hotel in Anaheim, California, Doucet shaved his beard and colored Jody's hair to ward off suspicion.   The youngster was repeatedly assaulted there by Doucet until he eventually gave Jody permission to phone his parents. Jody was returned to his family after the police quickly tracked down the call and apprehended Doucet. In the meantime, Gary Plauché, Jody's father, traveled to the Baton Rouge airport to meet Doucet at arrivals and murder him.   Plauché drew a .38 pistol from his boot on March 16, 1984, as soon as he spotted Doucet at the airport. He had been talking to a friend on the other end of a payphone while waiting for Doucet to show up. Even saying, “Look out, he's coming. A shot is soon to be heard. The subsequent gunshot was recorded on tape since television cameras were filming.   Plauché had murdered the abuser of his kid, shooting a hollow-point bullet into Doucet's head from three feet away. Later, he was put on trial for murder, but the judge sitting on the opposing side of the courtroom was lenient. As a result, Plauché was shortly released after receiving a sentence of seven years with a suspended term, five years of probation, and 300 hours of community service.   Jody Plauché, on the other hand, took a while to comprehend all the trauma that had occurred to him at a young age. "I was outraged with what my father did after the incident," Jody said. “I did not want Jeff killed. I felt like he was going to go to jail, and that was enough for me.”   He continued, “But my parents, they didn't force me into recovery. They kind of let me recover at my own pace, and it took a while… but I was able to work through it and eventually accept my dad back in my life.” Jody eventually turned his experience into a book titled Why, Gary, Why?. Tityana Coppage Tityana Coppage is a woman from Kansas City, Missouri. She was known as a strong woman who tried to help and lead her family as a young adult. She was only 21 when she lost her brother – and it wasn't the first loss her family had to come to terms with. Her family was extended to several younger brothers with different last names who she cared for equally and passionately.   The brother she lost was Jayson Ugwuh Jr. He was a 16-year-old high school student who loved basketball and rap. He was a bright, cheerful kid despite knowing personal tragedies from mere years beforehand. He was gunned down in public on January 10 while walking with some of his friends. A car came up, opened fire, and then sped away. What provoked the incident remained a mystery. The only solid fact was that Jayson Jr. was the primary victim. Tityana and Jayson both endured a shocking loss in 2016 when a drive-by shooting claimed the lives of her young brother Jayden Ugwuh and younger cousin Montell Ross.   The boys were just 9 and 8, respectively, at the time of death. Jayson was present for the shooting and held his little brother Jayden as he faded and died from the bullet wounds.   The killer was never found. Tityana was only 16 when the incident occurred, leaving her mentally changed.   A few days before the killing of Lars, Coppage posted a tribute to her brother on Facebook. The post read: “I tried to shield y'all from everything I had to witness as a kid. I supported anything and everything you wanted to do in life. I tried to give you the best so you wouldn't have to look for fake love in the streets,” she wrote in the January 11 post. “I worked hard and long hours to keep a roof over y'all head, nice clothes and shoes on y'all feet refrigerator full of groceries. The streets didn't rise y'all I did this sh*t 10 toes down. I was at those games as much as I could, I was paying for your studio time for your trips no matter the cost. All I wanted is to see you happy finish school and make it to the top. But some how I still failed you. This wasn't you Jayson you was so sweet so quite a honorable young man why didn't you just hear me out I only wanted more time with you that's all.”   The object of Tityana's vengeance was Keith Lars. Just two days after her brother's death and burial, she gathered as much evidence as possible to affirm the identity of her brother's murderer.   She traced him as the car owner that carried the gunman who killed her brother and armed herself before they met. Lars didn't go down quietly.   They exchanged gunfire, but Tityana came alive and left Lars dead in his car in the parking lot in the city's northeast section. Court records state that Lars was found in the back of a Toyota near Virginia Avenue and Admiral Boulevard in Kansas City on January 13, with officers determining that the shooting had occurred close to the 500 block of Benton Boulevard. At that scene, police found 23 shell casings from two types of bullets. 8 were .45 caliber, and 15 were 9mm.   Was Tityana just an ordinary woman pushed beyond the brink to perform such a murderous act?   She had already seen injustice win with the still-unsolved deaths of her young siblings, and she didn't have enough trust in the system to properly avenge her brother's death.   She assumed the guilt of Lars and got in contact with someone called “Auntie” to arm herself with a .45 pistol, saying “I used to many on Bro!”    The fact that multiple gunshots were fired proves she was an amateur with a firearm. Thanks to witnesses who came forward and surveillance footage in the parking lot where the murder took place, authorities quickly identified Coppage. They arrested her for the murder, booking her into Jackson County Jail on a $200,000 bond.   Evidence was quickly collected against Coppage, and she did not deny the charges.   She insisted that she got justice for her dead brother, even going as far as to text his cell phone to assure him that she was sending his killer to him.   At the time, no formal evidence was collected, or investigations were pending towards Lars as the suspect, though he was armed and did drive the same, or very similar, truck seen at Jayson's murder scene. She admitted during questioning that she knew Lars would be in the parking lot when she shot him. However, Tityana initially claimed that the murder was accidental and that she only shot him in self-defense because he fired his weapon at her first. Coppage was spurred toward Lars by members of her community who seemed to indicate a shared but hushed knowledge of events that led to her brother's death.   The police weren't able to corroborate as much in their reporting. So all anyone seemed to know was that Lars may as well have been guilty and could have had his own criminal history.   Therefore, the extended family of the community assisted Coppage's vigilante act she grew up around. Coppage does not deny what she did or why and is charged with second-degree murder, which is murder without premeditation or planning.   By her admission, she fired her gun at the vehicle with Lars in it, but she claimed that he fired first and her weapon was meant for protection.   She was celebratory over his death, particularly over vengeance, meaning she went there assuming he was guilty and was armed to act. Coppage contacted Lars before the meeting to tell him she was coming to ask questions.   She claimed to call him to try and settle differences between him and her father, knowing that if she didn't take action, he absolutely would.   COPPAGE TEXTED HER DECEASED BROTHER AFTER KILLING LARS AS WELL. The message sent to Her brother's phone read: “I owe em that body,” according to an affidavit. This message and the ones sent to “Auntie” led authorities to file murder charges.   Rap artists DaBaby and 42 Dugg made public posts on Instagram voicing solidarity and have reached out to pay $20,000 each of her bond as support.   She is currently awaiting trial.   Jorge Porto-Sierra   Ok, so here we have someone that TECHNICALLY didn't kill anyone, but that wasn't for lack of trying.   When authorities responded to the scene at the Friendly Village Inn & Motel on U.S. Route 192 in Florida in 2018, witnesses recalled seeing Jorge shout, “I'm going to kill you, child molester,” as he drenched the property in gasoline with a cigarette in his hand.  Porto-Sierra then returned to the parking lot and attacked two individuals sitting in their car. After that, he rammed his Ford Focus into their vehicle and poured gasoline into it through an open window. Just as Porto-Sierra was preparing to set the car on fire, police arrived on the scene. He was quickly surrounded and told to surrender.   The 50-year-old Porto-Sierra admitted that he had planned to “barbecue all the child molesters on fire and kill them.” However, when police asked him why he didn't, Porto-Sierra claimed that the police had arrived too fast for him to do so.   Authorities soon discovered that at least two of the men Porto-Sierra targeted were indeed convicted, sex offenders. One man had been standing outside his room when Porto-Sierra leaped out of his car and launched into a tirade, prompting him to rush inside his room.   “They raped kids, they are all child molesters that all live here and deserve to die,” Porto-Sierra later said as he justified his actions to the police. While the Friendly Village Inn & Motel is indeed a popular place for convicted sex offenders (because it's far away from schools and playgrounds), and at least two of Porto-Sierra's targets were known sex offenders, the real-life vigilante still broke the law and thus found himself arrested for his actions.   As of 2020, Porto-Sierra is being held on no bond at the Osceola County Jail and charged with 4 counts of attempted murder.   André Bamberski Andre was born to Polish immigrants in France in the 1930s. He was in the thick of the war that affected him growing up. Later, Andre became a chartered accountant and married Danièle Gonnin, having two kids. However, at the time of the incident, Andre and Danièle were divorced, and the latter was married to Dieter Krombach, a doctor, in Lindau, Germany. Danièle initially told Andre that Dieter believed Kalinka died due to a heat stroke or the effects of a concussion from a few years prior. However, Andre wasn't so sure. Dieter had stated that on the morning of Kalinka's death, he had found her in bed, unresponsive; rigor mortis had already set in. However, Dieter tried to revive her by injecting her with a nervous system stimulant and two other stimulants. But that didn't work, and Kalinka was dead. The autopsy report read by Andre later showed that Kalinka had blood around her torn vagina. Inside, there was a whitish substance that was never tested. Besides injection marks on her arms, Kalinka had undigested food in her stomach. Experts later believed she died from asphyxiation from regurgitating her own food. All of this left Andre with only one theory: Dieter was responsible for the death. Andre believed Dieter raped and then killed Kalinka with an injection, possibly to keep her from talking about it. While the German prosecution closed the case, saying Kalinka died of natural causes, Andre didn't give up, following Dieter across Europe for years to bring him to justice. About a year after Kalinka's death, Andre went to Lindau, handing out fliers accusing Dieter of murder. He was arrested and then fined and sentenced in absentia. However, that didn't stop Andre. He then prodded the French authorities, eventually leading to Kalinka's body's exhumation; she was a French citizen. This time, it was revealed that her genitals had been missing since the autopsy, and there was no trace of them. Andre's work paid off when a French court convicted Dieter in absentia of violence, bringing on death without intention to do so, and sentenced him to 15 years. But with Germany refusing extradition, Dieter essentially remained a free man for many years. Then, in 1997, Dieter was convicted of raping a 16-year-old in his clinic. He received a two-year suspended sentence in addition to his license being revoked. But a couple of years later, Dieter moved around and worked in several clinics by providing a photocopy of his license as proof. Andre didn't give up, even hiring private detectives to find out what Dieter was up to. He said, “All my friends and family, including my father, told me to quit it at this point. They said, ‘You're not going to achieve anything.' But I'm a Slav, you see, and the Slavs are very emotional. I cried all the time when I thought about Kalinka. It was a question for me of moral duty. That was the most important thing: to get the truth.”   While Dieter received a 26-month prison sentence, he was released early, and Andre learned he was back to work yet again. Andre then resolved to bring Dieter to France in any way possible. He was in Bregenz, Austria, hoping to look for more information about Dieter in Scheidegg, Germany. Andre talked about kidnapping Dieter and eventually heard from Anton Krasniqi, who agreed to help him. In October 2009, Dieter was taken from his house by Anton and two other accomplices and left outside a building in Mulhouse, France, paving the way for Dieter's trial. While Dieter's pattern of drugging and raping women came to light, he was sentenced to 15 years behind bars. As for Andre, he admitted to knowing about the kidnapping plot but insisted he wasn't involved in the actual act. In June 2014, he was found guilty of ordering the kidnap and received a one-year suspended sentence. In the end, Andre was happy with the result. He believed that he had kept his promise to Kalinka about giving her justice. Regarding why Dieter would kill Kalinka, Andre said, “Kalinka had asked to move back to Toulouse, and to no longer stay with Krombach. She was about to escape from him: That could have been a motive. But one will never know. One can never know.” Andre quit his full-time job in 1999 to dedicate himself to bringing Dieter to justice. Through it all, he was supported by his partner (also called Danièle) for several years. Now in his 80s, Andre seems to live in Toulouse, France, and enjoying some much-needed time off.   This one is a DOOZY!    Drąsius Kedys was born on September 4, 1972, in Garliava, Lithuania. He and his former girlfriend Laimutė Stankūnaitė had a daughter in February 2004. Stankūnaitė was underage when she gave birth to Kedys' daughter. The couple split in 2006, and the parents got embroiled in a bitter custody battle. His former girlfriend, with the help of Andrius Ūsas, a politician and advisor to the former Speaker of the Seimas Viktoras Muntianas, obtained custody in November 2006. Kedys had visitation rights every other weekend, But later Stankunaite gave up her custody rights, giving them to the father. On November 29, 2008, Kedys submitted a formal complaint to the police, claiming Ūsas paid Stankūnaitė to sexually molest his daughter. In December 2008, Kedys obtained full custody of his daughter with no visitation rights for Stankūnaitė. The courts repeatedly confirmed that Stankūnaitė had no case to answer, thus dismissing Kedys' allegations against his former girlfriend as unsubstantiated. Nevertheless, the pre-trial investigation against Ūsas continued. In February 2009, Kedys further pressed accusations against Violeta Naruševičienė, Stankūnaitė's sister, claiming the former had participated in allowing men to molest her 4-year-old daughter. Finally, in July 2009, Kedys accused Jonas Furmanavičius, a district judge, and an individual known as Aidas of partaking in the molestation. All those people (except for Aidas) professed their innocence and accused Kedys of slander, criminal libel, and death threats. Kedys was frustrated with the apparent lack of progress in official investigations and convinced that the case was being deliberately stonewalled. So, he sent out 200 DVDs to Lithuanian politicians, media outlets, and law-enforcement agencies, featuring homemade video footage of his daughter's explicit testimony against three “uncles.” In addition, he promised to send the subtitled version to Members of the European Parliament. However, many sources criticized Kedys, who acted as the cameraman, for asking his daughter leading questions and heavily editing the film (it contained 50 segments filmed across nine occasions). On October 5, 2009, Furmanavičius and Naruševičienė were shot dead in Kaunas. Kedys became the prime suspect. On the same day, a national search of Kedys was announced, soon followed by an announcement of an international investigation, as he was thought to have left the country shortly after the murders. Kedys' friends Raimundas Ivanauskas and Eglė Barauskaitė were charged with accessory to murder.  The story caused an uproar in Lithuania, with much of the public siding with Kedys. In the public mind, the case was seen as a father's futile attempts to pursue justice and protect his daughter and being driven to desperate measures by anger at the injustice. Others questioned whether the killings were actually commissioned by Kedys himself. On April 17, 2010, at 6:49 a.m., after six months of a police search, a man fishing found Drąsius Kedys' body near Kaunas Reservoir. An autopsy concluded he had died between the evening of April 15 and the morning of the 16th. According to the official report, the cause of death was “choking on vomit” while being heavily intoxicated. However, his relatives were convinced that Kedys was murdered, pointing out wounds on his body. Kedys' relatives demanded a second opinion from independent experts. Finally, in April 2011, a report was received from the Swedish National Forensic Service confirming Kedys had died from alcohol and drug poisoning and that he choked on the contents of his own stomach. The Swedish report differed from the Lithuanian experts in determining “the injuries on the body appeared before his death” and that the “possibility of drowning is not excluded.” On April 24, Kedys was buried in Jonučiai cemetery. According to media reports, 6-10,000 people from across the country attended the ceremony. Ūsas, the main suspect in the pedophilia case, was officially charged with the sexual molestation of a minor. However, he was found drowned in a swamp in June 2010. The death was ruled an accident. Nevertheless, the court case against Ūsas continued, and the court found him innocent in November 2012.   Mirriam Rodriguez   Miriam's 20-year-old daughter mysteriously disappeared in 2012. Her daughter had been kidnapped and subsequently murdered, and several men were perpetrators of the crime. Dissatisfied with the Mexican justice system, Miriam decided to take matters into her own hands. To fool authorities and her daughter's kidnappers, Miriam changed her appearance as best she could and used fake identification to make it more difficult to trace her.  One of Miriam's first “victims” was a member of a Mexican cartel who was implicit in the kidnapping and murder of her daughter. She cornered him, held him at gunpoint, and told him, “If you move, I'll shoot you.” But she was just getting started. She eventually tracked down her daughter's killers one by one all across the country. But unfortunately, her vigilantism led to her ultimate downfall when multiple gunmen managed to kill her outside her home.  Becoming a vigilante against organized criminals is a considerable risk, but it was one that Miriam was willing to take to seek justice for her daughter.   Speaking of people standing up against gangs…   El Salvador's Mara Salvatrucha gang is better known as MS-13. Formed in Los Angeles in the 1980s, many members were deported for vicious crimes. However, several of them continued their criminal activity back home. The gang terrorized a nation plagued by a high poverty rate and a virtually helpless police force — until real-life vigilantes stepped up to help. Spanish for “Black Shadow,” Sombra Negra was first formed around the early 1990s due to El Salvador's authorities being glaringly overpowered by MS-13. Frustrated by the situation, Sombra Negra started targeting gang members for execution — especially MS-13 members. Sombra Negra members come dressed in black with bandanas over their faces. They patrol the streets in unlicensed vehicles and with tinted windows. And one of their primary missions is to capture MS-13 members — and make them “disappear.” As Sombra Negra has grown more powerful over the years, so have the legends of their brutal retribution against the gang members.   From sexual torture to dismemberment, the paramilitary group of vigilantes became more of a death squad than a traditional band of crimefighters. In El Salvador, it seemed that only extreme measures would stop MS-13. “Most of the victims were blindfolded, their hands or thumbs tied behind their backs, and they had received tiros de gracia (a coup de grâce), shots to the base of the skull at close range by weapons such as assault rifles and machine guns,” a U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services report said.  From home invasions to sudden killings in the streets, Sombra Negra carries out its mission ruthlessly and describes it as a “social cleansing.” And some authorities are grateful. Even El Salvador's head of National Assembly Guillermo Gallegos has admitted: “Morally I support this type of expression because people are tired of the way of delinquency.” In the end, it's worth noting that many people have mixed feelings about real-life vigilantes. While they may sympathize with their motives in some cases, they may also find some of their choices reckless or unnecessarily dangerous. But there's no question that these vigilantes have left a massive impression on the world — for better or worse.   And there's another set of gang-fighting vigilantes…   Pablo Escobar needs little, if any, introduction. One of the most infamous drug lords in modern history, the Colombian kingpin ran a colossal cocaine empire that saw thousands of people killed. Yet, with corrupt authority figures in his pocket, Escobar's reign appeared resolute — until it wasn't. In the early 1990s, Escobar had two rival cartel members murdered when they visited him in an opulent prison (which he had built for himself). Fidel Castano, the other cartel's boss, was none too pleased. And so he helped form Los Pepes. Short for “Perseguidos por Pablos Escobar,” the paramilitary group welcomed “People Persecuted by Pablo Escobar.” Escobar was marked after he walked out of his prison in July 1992. At this point, even the U.S. government and CIA were aiding Los Pepes in their quest to find the kingpin. But unfortunately, Los Pepes also engaged in bloody bombings against Escobar that killed and injured civilians.   Some of these nearly killed their target, including a car bomb that injured Escobar's daughter. For more than a year, Los Pepes ruthlessly attacked anyone in Escobar's circle — from friends and relatives to public supporters and officials. Finally, it was in 1993 when they closed in on the man himself. After Los Pepes forced Escobar into hiding, Colombian intelligence intercepted a phone call from Escobar to his son. Now confident of his whereabouts, Colombian police and military forces headed for Escobar's newfound hiding place in the neighborhood of Los Olivos — ready for retribution after years of brutal violence in the country.  Whether Los Pepes members played an active role in killing him remains hotly contested, but one thing is sure: Without their vigilant quest to find Escobar, he would likely lead many more to their deaths. Ultimately, he was chased across rooftops and gunned down while on the run.   And lastly, what happens when an ENTIRE TOWN decides a lousy guy needs to die? It didn't take long for Ken McElroy to become the resident “bully” of Skidmore, Missouri. And considering his crimes, the “bully” label was putting things lightly. For years after he dropped out of school, he was accused of everything from theft and arson to child molestation and statutory rape. But despite being indicted 21 times, he dodged convictions at every turn. After McElroy raped a 12-year-old girl, he divorced his wife and married the child when she was 14 to avoid a statutory rape charge. When her parents objected, he shot their dog and burned down their house. And after he shot a farmer in 1976, he somehow produced two witnesses who claimed that McElroy was nowhere near the scene of the crime that day. Ken McElroy was a true terror for Skidmore residents, who wanted him removed immediately. McElroy's downfall was a long time coming, but it truly fell into motion in 1980 after he shot the town's elderly grocer in the neck. Though McElroy was charged with attempted murder and eventually convicted, he appealed the case and was released on bond.   Soon afterward, it seemed the entire town was present at a gathering on July 10, 1981, to discuss Ken McElroy. Though exactly what they said is unclear, there's no question that they decided McElroy had to go. Residents heard that McElroy had gone to the D&G Tavern for a drink. In a prime example of real-life vigilantes in action, the community walked to the bar to confront him. And with no warning, someone began shooting. Some accounts describe up to 50 vigilantes involved in the onslaught. In the end, McElroy was shot multiple times and struck by at least two firearms. He succumbed to the wounds in his truck. No one called an ambulance — or agreed to testify against another person in court. To this day, no one has ever been charged with his death.   Top 10 Vigilante Films https://screenrant.com/best-vigilante-films/

Warfare of Art & Law Podcast
ASU Art Museum Director Miki Garcia On Art's Power to Address Inherited Notions About Mass Incarceration, the Undoing Time Exhibition, and Justice As Public Love

Warfare of Art & Law Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 11, 2022 43:04


Cover photo of Miki Garcia by Alonso Parra.Please visit the website for Undoing Time: Art and Histories of Incarceration at ASU's Art Museum and at Berkeley Art Museum to learn more.1:30 ASU Art Museum's mission as a learning institution that centers art and artists in the service of social good and community well-being2:40 inspiration for Undoing Time: Art and Histories of Incarceration exhibition as a cultural mark in time for ASU Art Museum 6:40 effort to address all dimensions of an exhibition on mass incarceration and its impact on viewers8:00 Art for Justice Fund's involvement in exhibition 9:05 prior exhibition with artist Gregory Sale who worked with incarcerated populations9:15 Contemporary Art Museum Houston and Nicole Fleetwood's work with the Walls Turned Sideways: Artists Confront the Justice System exhibition 10:20 Undoing Time's focus began with a survey of how incarceration has been portrayed through images from the 18th Century Code of Hammurabi forward11:30 12 artists invited to create commissions for Undoing Time, including Mario Ybarra, Jr. who created a pizza parlor vignette that dealt with Ybarra's childhood friend Richard who later was incarcerated on a murder charge13:20 rehabilitation was shown in Ybarra's work that's not shown in historical images of incarceration 13:55 Stephanie Syjuco's commission abstracted images of black and brown incarcerated population15:10 Juan Brenner's commission about the Guatemalan Highlands and how the U.S. West Coast prison system gang culture was exported to Central America16:10 destruction of Guatemalan Highlands' residence due to erection of prison that houses Mara Salvatrucha gang17:25 architecture of prisons, e.g, the panopticon, the fortress18:00 Indigenous artists Raven Chacon and Cannupa Hanska Luger 19:15 Luger's commission focus on the relationship of land to mass incarceration19:25 Mass Liberation Arizona's mission of people over property21:00 Theater maker and Playwright Michael Rohd choreographed going through the exhibition 22:55 Raven Chacon's musical composition about a juvenile detention center24:10 Rohd's positing of questions and cards for viewer feedback 26:45 Art for Justice Fund to ASU poet Natalie Diaz and the Center for Imagination in the Borderlands30:00 undergoing critique of the purpose and operation of museums 33:30 museums are civic institutions of dialogue, engagement and storytelling and should be responsible to the communities they serve35:30 art's power to challenge inherited narratives about incarceration 37:15 how she sees her legacy to eliminate as many boundaries as possible and uphold all kinds of art forms and include more voices and to open up what a museum can be and who it's actually for39:20 evolution of her definition of justice 40:45 justice has to be fought for 40:55 justice as public loveTo view rewards for supporting the podcast, please visit Warfare's Patreon page.To leave questions or comments about this or other episodes of the podcast, please call 1.929.260.4942 or email Stephanie@warfareofartandlaw.com. © Stephanie Drawdy [2022]

Cultura
Livro de premiado fotógrafo britânico mostra como El Salvador se tornou distópico

Cultura

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 5, 2022 8:17


Um mergulho no inferno das prisões e nas complexas relações de organizações criminosas que transformaram El Salvador em um dos países mais violentos do mundo. Esse é o panorama proposto pelo livro “Sin Salida” do fotógrafo britânico Tariq Zaidi. Durante dois anos, entre 2018 e 2020, o fotógrafo britânico Tariq Zaidi percorreu o submundo do crime registrando em imagens o retrato de uma sociedade dominada pelo medo e refém de uma disputa sangrenta e cruel entre gangues que espalham o terror por meio de ações de extrema brutalidade. As principais organizações criminosas do país, chamadas de “maras”, são Mara Salvatrucha (ou MS-13) et Barrio 18. Lançado em 2021 pela editora britânica Gost Books, o livro Sin Salida (Sem Saída) expõe as 69 fotos captadas nas várias viagens que Tariq Zaidi fez a El Salvador e traz textos com relatos e análises do que viu. O premiado fotógrafo, que já percorreu todas as regiões do planeta, Tariq Zaidi comenta nessa entrevista à RFI os motivos que o levaram a penetrar nesse universo e a denunciar a violência que, segundo ele, não tem equivalente em outros países, como Brasil e Venezuela.      A seguir, trechos da entrevista de Tariq Zaidi à RFI: RFI: Que razões o levaram a trabalhar e fotografar o tema da violência das gangs e seu impacto na sociedade de El Salvador? Tariq Zaidi: Tendo vivido na Venezuela, Brasil e Argentina por cerca de 4 anos e tendo viajado por quase em toda a América do Norte, Central e do Sul por quase 2 anos e meio, essas experiências tiveram um impacto visceral sobre mim. Quando o então presidente (Donald) Trump chamou as caravanas de migrantes da América Central de "criminosas", eu quis entender que tipo de vida essas pessoas estavam deixando para trás ... Eu queria mostrar ao mundo como El Salvador se tornou distópico, e como a extensão, escala e selvageria da violência é diferente de qualquer coisa que a maioria de nós já conheceu. Esta quebra das normas sociais exacerba a situação. Os jovens crescem em condições de guerra e são frequentemente socializados pelas gangues. Na MS-13, (a socialização) começa com uma surra de 13 segundos. Cito um exemplo particularmente horrível: um vídeo amplamente compartilhado mostrava um grupo de integrantes da gangue arrancando as mãos de uma vítima e depois brincando com os dedos, tudo isso enquanto riam histericamente. A onipresença da violência é devastadora para o desenvolvimento psicológico normal. Quando você fala com famílias que sofreram essa violência - assassinatos, desaparecimentos, extorsão, ameaças de morte – você entende que a maioria das pessoas vive seus dias com medo. Pode ser difícil para as pessoas que nunca visitaram o país entender o quanto as normas sociais se desintegraram. Em muitas cidades é impossível atravessar a rua devido às diferenças pelo controle do território das gangues, isolando totalmente bairros e ruas. Ao entrar em um novo bairro, os visitantes muitas vezes têm de sinalizar com faróis do carro ou baixar as janelas para indicar fidelidade à quadrilha que controla o local, ou para mostrar que teme a violência.     No livro você diz que “as falhas do Estado e a violência das gangues geraram uma situação em El Salvador que é única no mundo”. Por quê? Não há paralelo com outros países onde também há muita violência de gangues, como por exemplo o Brasil do PCC e outras organizações criminosas? Tariq Zaidi: O que faz a violência em El Salvador ser diferente de outros países como o Brasil, e o Haiti, entre outros países, por exemplo, é que o tipo de violência é mais brutal. As “maras” não matam apenas civis ou outros membros de gangues, elas mutilam, aleijam, para apavorar a sociedade. Elas também fazem parte da vida cotidiana de uma forma que as organizações terroristas muitas vezes não fazem. Elas extorquem e controlam bairros, e se escondem da vista de todos. Por isso, é tão difícil de combatê-las. Frequentemente, é difícil de saber quem é e quem não é membro de uma gangue. As estimativas do número de integrantes das maras em El Salvador variam, mas de acordo dados de 2015 do ministério da Defesa do país, sugerem que até 600.000 salvadorenhos, ou seja, quase 10% do total dos 6,4 milhões de habitantes do país, estão envolvidos com gangues, seja através da participação direta ou através da coerção e extorsão por parentes. A escala da violência também é excepcional. Em 13 dos 22 anos entre 1995 e 2017, El Salvador teve a maior taxa de assassinatos para um país que não estava em uma zona de guerra. Em 2015, a taxa de homicídios subiu de 6 para mais de 100 homicídios por 100.000 habitantes, bem acima dos países em segundo e terceiro lugar com índices altos, Honduras e Venezuela, ambos com taxas de homicídios de 56 homicídios por 100.000 residentes. O impacto desta violência, na minha opinião, paralisou a economia do país, a sociedade e o estado.     Suas imagens e o texto que acompanha o trabalho não deixam dúvidas de que se trata de um universo de violência extrema. Conte como você conseguiu entrar nas prisões e nas áreas perigosas dominadas pelas maras? Tariq Zaidi: Normalmente, eu trabalho sozinho ou com um fixer. Mas em El Salvador, porém, tive de trabalhar intensamente com inúmeras autoridades para ter acesso às prisões, à polícia, a centros e locais dos crimes. Tive muitas reuniões com funcionários do governo, e trabalhei com o Instituto de Medicina Legal. Também fiz contato com a força policial, FOCA (Joint Anti-Criminal Operation Force), STO (Tactical Operational Section) e serviços de emergência para atender ocorrências e ataques noturnos por ser um dos primeiros a chegar ao local do assassinato. Também trabalhei com a FGR (Procuradoria Geral da República). No terreno, em El Salvador, trabalhei com uma equipe administrativa totalmente equipada. A equipe me ajudou a conseguir acesso a muitos dos órgãos governamentais, funcionários e locais que mencionei. Você conseguiu visitar todas as 25 prisões de El Salvador? Tariq Zaidi: Foi difícil o acesso e levei quase 8 meses para obter permissão para entrar nas prisões. Eu pedi para visitar todas as gangues possíveis nas penitenciárias para homens e mulheres no país. Mas em 2018, só tive acesso a seis. Voltei em 2019, mas a permissão foi negada pois havia um bloqueio total à imprensa pelo gabinete da presidência. Em 2020, a permissão foi negada novamente, pois o bloqueio para a imprensa continuou e também por causa da Covid-19.     Para completar o panorama, você buscou o testemunho de pessoas que perderam familiares, vítimas das gangues salvadorenhas? Tariq Zaidi: Muitas vezes, esperei fora dos Institutos Médicos Legais para encontrar familiares que estavam de luto, como Suzy (nome fictício), que tinha acabado de identificar o corpo de seu filho Brian (nome fictício), de 25 anos. Ela me disse que seu filho tinha sido estrangulado por membros do Barrio 18 por não cumprir as missões que lhe haviam pedido. Ela estava, compreensivelmente muito perturbada, conversamos por um tempo e mantivemos contato. Alguns dias depois, ela me convidou para o velório. Outras vezes, acompanhei a polícia até a cena do crime e encontrei lá membros da família. Eu também fui a muitas cenas de crime, IMLs, velórios e funerais durante esse período que estive lá. Em algum momento você correu algum risco? Você foi ameaçado? Tariq Zaidi: Sim, a maior parte do tempo eu estava trabalhando lá. Por exemplo, fui convidado por Paul (nome alterado), o prefeito de um pequeno município fora de San Salvador, para ver o que ele estava fazendo para proteger sua comunidade contra as quadrilhas. A área onde ele vive é muito mais segura do que o resto do país. Ele tem uma equipe de pessoas que se armam, usam coletes à prova de balas e dirigem em áreas que sabem serem perigosas, procurando por membros de gangues para capturar ou matar. Quando cheguei na casa dele, ele me deu um colete à prova de balas e tentou me dar algum tipo de arma automática, um rifle, mas eu recusei. Entramos no carro e fizemos inspeções de segurança, perguntando às pessoas se elas tiveram algum problema com gangues. O prefeito então recebeu uma ligação de outro carro (de sua equipe) dizendo que tinham detectado atividade de gangues e para nos prepararmos para a ação. Estava muito escuro e nós estávamos em alta velocidade pelas estradas montanhosas, por volta das 2h da manhã. Os outros ocupantes no carro estavam armados. Paul tentou novamente que eu pegasse um revólver. Ele disse: "se nós entrarmos em um confronto, eles cortarão seus braços e pernas. Abaixe sua câmera e pegue esta arma". Eu lhe disse para colocar a pistola carregada nos meus pés e começamos a perseguir um suspeito. Mas depois, um carro na frente nos informou que os membros da quadrilha haviam fugido e que não conseguiríamos encontrá-los. “Isto é o que temos de fazer para manter nossa comunidade livre", disse Paul. Ele recebe com frequência ameaças de morte.   Por que escolheu o título “Sin Salida”? Tariq Zaidi: Acho que “Sin Salida” (Sem Saída) resume a situação em todo o país quando este trabalho foi feito, entre 2018 e 2020. Talvez o título também possa ser respondido olhando para a história da guerra de gangues de El Salvador. Para entender, temos que voltar à guerra civil que durou de 1979 a 1992. A guerra foi notória por sua violência brutal e violações dos direitos humanos. Ela deixou pelo menos 75.000 mortos, e milhares de desaparecidos. A guerra também deslocou até 20 por cento da população do país, e pelo menos 500.000 salvadorenhos fugiram para os Estados Unidos. É entre estes refugiados salvadorenhos que podemos rastrear as origens das duas principais gangues do país, MS-13 e Bairro 18. Ambas foram formadas em Los Angeles por adolescentes salvadorenhos que tentavam se proteger de outras gangues estabelecidas na cidade, mas muitos desses jovens foram parar na cadeia por crimes não violentos e se tornaram violentos na prisão. Ao sair das prisões, muitos destes salvadorenhos recorreram à violência, acabando por estabelecer os métodos e redes agora associados com a MS-13. Eles também aprenderam várias técnicas de extorsão, iniciando a "economia criminosa" do bando. Em contraste, o Barrio 18, foi formado nos anos 60 como a primeira gangue multirracial e multiétnica em Los Angeles. No entanto, durante a década de 1980 foi preenchida em sua maioria por refugiados salvadorenhos. As duas “maras” estavam em grande parte limitadas a Los Angeles até o final da guerra civil em El Salvador em 1992, mas isto mudou após um endurecimento das políticas de migração americanas em 1997. Muitos refugiados salvadorenhos foram enviados de volta a El Salvador, e estabeleceram filiais das gangues no país. O que Sin Salida representa para você e que impacto você espera que esse livro provoque nos leitores?  Tariq Zaidi: Minha esperança com este trabalho é amplificar as vozes dos salvadorenhos que lutam por direitos básicos, como segurança e uma vida mais segura para seus filhos e famílias. E para que as pessoas vejam com os próprios olhos e entendam que tipo de vida essas pessoas estão deixando para trás e por que tantas são forçadas a fugir e a juntar-se às caravanas em direção ao norte para o México ou para a fronteira com os Estados Unidos.  

Narcovid
10 - Mara Salvatrucha mette a ferro e fuoco l'America e studia da player del narcotraffico

Narcovid

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 15, 2022 35:45


La gang di strada MS13 nata a Los Angeles con un gruppo di salvadoregni tornati poi in Patria ad imporre la propria legge di sangue e violenza, mostra segni di espansione del suo portafoglio criminale, a partire dal narcotraffico nel quale – dopo aver rappresentato spesso e volentieri il braccio armato e servente – intravede la possibilità di mettersi in proprio.

Daily Easy Spanish
MS-13: por qué EE.UU. no ha logrado erradicar la Mara Salvatrucha (a pesar de establecerlo como ”prioridad máxima”)

Daily Easy Spanish

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 14, 2022 54:08


Cuatro décadas después de su surgimiento en las calles de Los Ángeles y a casi dos de la creación de la primera unidad específica para enfrentarla, las noticias sobre crímenes relacionados con la MS-13 en EE.UU. siguen siendo frecuentes.

El Faro Audio
La huida de Crook: de la Escalón a México

El Faro Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 12, 2022 25:49


Gracias a fotografías publicadas en redes por su actual pareja y a testimonios de miembros y exmiembros de la pandilla, El Faro ha reconstruido parte del viaje del líder de la Mara Salvatrucha-13 liberado por el actual Gobierno a pesar de que Estados Unidos lo solicita en extradición y de tener condenas pendientes en el país. Crook está en México, concluyen las fuentes. Antes de eso pasó por un lujoso apartamento de una de las zonas más pudientes de El Salvador y cruzó Guatemala con la ayuda de la MS-13 de ese país.

Crimen y Resiliencia
Pandillas, víctimas y extorsión en El Salvador: Renta o extorsión Victimarios y víctimas de las maras en El Salvador

Crimen y Resiliencia

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 4, 2022 42:37


Las pandillas de origen californiano Mara Salvatrucha 13, conocida como MS-13, y Barrio 18, llegaron a El Salvador a través de procesos de deportación sucedidos durante los años noventa. Ambas estructuras se formaron en la ciudad de Los Ángeles, California, en distintos momentos del siglo XX. Los pandilleros recién llegados desplegaron un intenso reclutamiento voluntario, sin violencia. Pero también activaron una guerra con casi todas las estructuras preexistentes en el país. Con la llegada de las estrategias gubernamentales de «Mano Dura» a comienzos de la década del 2000, ambas pandillas sufrieron procesos de transformación y poco a poco se convirtieron en la principal fuente de extorsiones en la región. Presentador: https://globalinitiative.net/profile/guillermo-vazquez-del-mercado-almada/ (Guillermo Vázquez del Mercado), Senior Analyst, Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime /@gmovma Invitados: EL SALVADOR: Luis Enrique Amaya. Psicólogo, consultor internacional e investigador en materia de seguridad ciudadana, experto en análisis y gestión de políticas públicas de seguridad basadas en evidencia. Juan José Martínez d'Aubuisson. Lic. en Antropología Sociocultural, autor y coautor de artículos académicos y libros, como “Ver, Oír y Callar: Un Año con la Mara Salvatrucha 13”, “El Niño de Hollywood” y “Crónicas Negras”/@juan_martinezd https://globalinitiative.net/initiatives/extortion-in-central-america/ (Otros contenidos de GI Extorsión) Reporte: https://globalinitiative.net/analysis/extortion-in-central-america/ (Extorsión en Centroamérica: Una Cultura Criminal)

El Faro Audio
Magistrado se excusa de debatir extradición de Diablito de Hollywood porque fue su defensor

El Faro Audio

Play Episode Listen Later May 27, 2022 16:16


Miguel Ángel Flores Durel, magistrado de la Sala de lo Penal, se ha excusado de conocer todo lo relacionado a la extradición a Estados Unidos del líder más conocido de la Mara Salvatrucha-13, ya que el criminal fue su cliente cuando el funcionario ejercía como abogado litigante. Se trata de Borromeo Henríquez, líder nacional de la pandilla desde principios de siglo, actualmente encarcelado en el penal de máxima seguridad de Zacatecoluca. La Corte ya votó a favor de la excusa de Flores Durel y nombró a un suplente para conocer la extradición del pandillero.

GatoEncerradoSV
"Si se hubiera hecho una investigación, esto (capturas arbitrarias) no habría ocurrido": Juan Galeas

GatoEncerradoSV

Play Episode Listen Later May 20, 2022 26:43


En este episodio platicamos de los audios publicados por El Faro que revelan la ruptura del pacto que tenía el gobierno de Nayib Bukele con la Mara Salvatrucha. También tenemos una entrevista con Juan Carlos Galeas, quien denuncia que su madre y hermanos fueron detenidos arbitrariamente y que uno de sus hermanos falleció en el penal de Mariona. También hablamos sobre el discurso falso del presidente Bukele sobre la reunión de los bancos en El Salvador, ya que no venían para hablar de criptomonedas. --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/gatoencerradosv/message

El Faro Audio
Corte de Nueva York recibe alerta por posible liberación de cuatro líderes de MS-13 extraditables

El Faro Audio

Play Episode Listen Later May 12, 2022 12:42


El Departamento de Justicia y la Fiscalía de Estados Unidos entregaron a una Corte de Nueva York un informe actualizado sobre la investigación en la que están acusados 14 lideres de la Mara Salvatrucha 13. En su reporte, alertan de que "numerosas publicaciones periodísticas y otras fuentes" han informado que cuatro miembros de la llamada "Ranfla Nacional" han sido liberados por el Gobierno salvadoreño a pesar de que había un pedido de extradición formal contra ellos.

MUZYCZNE PODRÓŻE PRZEZ ŚWIAT
Honduras i Salwador. Piekło w raju?

MUZYCZNE PODRÓŻE PRZEZ ŚWIAT

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 30, 2022 41:59


W pierwszej części podróży odwiedziliśmy Honduras, w którym rządzi przemoc napędzana przez gangi i kartele narkotykowe. Tam kobieta ginie co 36 godzin. Zaproponowaliśmy kąpiele pod wodospadami, kajaki na największym jeziorze Hondurasu - Yojoa i nurkowanie na wyspie Utila, leżącej na Morzu Karaibskim, na drugiej co do wielkości rafie koralowej na świecie. W części drugiej wybraliśmy się do sąsiadującego z Hondurasem, najmniejszego kraju Ameryki Środkowej - Salwadoru, gdzie podobno co kwadrans mordowana jest jedna osoba. Kraj ten kojarzy się z Mara Salvatrucha, czyli jednym z największych i najbardziej niebezpiecznych gangów świata i Wojną futbolową, opisaną przez Ryszarda Kapuścińskiego. Zaproponowaliśmy wycieczkę nad wodospady Tamanique, trekking na aktywny wulkan Santa Ana, podróż Ruta de las Flores, czyli Drogą Kwiatów, szlakiem kolonialnych miasteczek i kąpiel wśród surferów w Pacyfiku. Gośćmi Jerzego Jopa byli: Milena Szkyrpan i Patryk Zieliński, autorzy bloga podróżniczego i kanału na YouTube Wiecznie Wolni.

En Un Minuto
En un minuto: viernes 29 de abril, 2022

En Un Minuto

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 29, 2022 1:13


Un especial de Univision Noticias revela el duro impacto de la pandemia en los latinos indocumentados de zonas rurales de Iowa; Rusia reanudó los ataques a Kiev mientras el secretario general de la ONU visitaba la capital ucraniana y un líder de la Mara Salvatrucha les pidió a las autoridades de El Salvador que agilicen su extradición a EEUU.

Narasipostmedia
El Savador Mencekam, Gangster Berkeliaran

Narasipostmedia

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 15, 2022 9:23


El Savador Mencekam, Gangster Berkeliaran Oleh. Dia Dwi Arista (Tim Redaksi NarasiPost.Com) Voice over talent: Giriyani NarasiPost.Com-Pemerintah El Savador telah mengeluarkan status darurat negara. Para petinggi negara tersebut terpaksa mengumumkan status darurat disebabkan masifnya pembunuhan yang dilakukan oleh geng Mara Salvatrucha atau MS-13. Pada Sabtu (26/3) lalu, terhitung 62 korban meninggal dalam satu hari. Bahkan angka ini hampir menyaingi angka kematian selama bulan Februari, yakni 72 korban dalam sebulan. Tentu kekejian gangster ini membuat El Savador mencekam, sebab gangster berkeliaran di lingkungan. Lantas, siapakah Mara Salvatrucha? Mengapa bermunculan gangster-gangster berbahaya di negara tersebut? (cnnindonesia.com, 28/3/2022) Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Mara Salvatrucha adalah nama sebuah geng yang lahir di jalanan Los Angeles, Amerika Serikat, pada tahun 1980an. Geng ini terbentuk dengan tujuan mengikat persaudaraan antarimigran El Savador di AS. Namun, banyaknya tantangan sebuah geng di AS, membuat MS-13 berusaha menjadi geng yang lebih kuat dari geng-geng lainnya. Tentu dikarenakan hidup dijalanan sama halnya hidup di hutan rimba, yang kuat yang digdaya. Begitu pula dengan para gangster ini, agar mereka tidak diganggu oleh geng lainnya, maka pilihannya hanya satu, menjadi yang terkuat dan terkejam. Gangster ini tentu tak bisa dibandingkan dengan geng anak jalanan macam sinetron Indonesia. MS-13 adalah geng yang paling ditakuti di dunia internasional, beranggotakan hingga ratusan ribu orang dari seluruh dunia, menobatkan MS-13 sebagai salah satu gangster terbesar dan terbrutal. Sebagaimana yang dilansir bbc.com, (21/4/2017) geng ini mengantongi pendapatan sekitar 31,2 juta dolar Amerika. Jangan dibayangkan mereka bermain saham agar menjadi crazy rich, tentu bukan. Uang yang mereka dapatkan berasal dari pemerasan, pasar gelap, perdagangan manusia, perdagangan senjata ilegal, serta serangkaian kejahatan lain. Persis di film, sebab memang film mengadopsi cerita dari kehidupan mereka. Naskah selengkapnya: https://narasipost.com/2022/03/31/el-savador-mencekam-gangster-berkeliaran/ Terimakasih buat kalian yang sudah mendengarkan podcast ini, Follow us on: instagram: http://instagram.com/narasipost Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/narasi.post.9 Fanpage: Https://www.facebook.com/pg/narasipostmedia/posts/ Twitter: Http://twitter.com/narasipost

AL AIRE en MC Noticias
T2. E02. Mara Salvatrucha a México, se restablece el agua en SLP, Transporte Seguro, Incendios en Valles, Frente frío 41 y la inflación en MX del 7.45%.

AL AIRE en MC Noticias

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 9, 2022 30:17


#AlAire · ¡Las Noticias + Importantes! T2E02 | 08042022 Hablamos de: · Mara Salvatrucha en México · Se restablece el agua en SLP · Transporte Seguro · Incendios en Valles · Frente frío 41 · Inflación en México del 7.45%.

Historia
Historia de las maras, las pandillas salvadoreñas enfrentadas a Nayib Bukele

Historia

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 6, 2022 6:03


Nayib Bukele ha emprendido una guerra contra las maras de El Salvador. Aunque actúan en este país centroamericano, su origen está en los refugiados de la guerra civil salvadoreña que huyeron a Estados Unidos. Las dos principales son la Mara Salvatrucha 13 y Barrio 18, organizaciones muy poderosas a las que el estado salvadoreño ya intentó combatir anteriormente con la técnica de la "mano dura", pero que fracasó en el intento.

Las claves del mundo
Bukele: cárcel o muerte a las maras

Las claves del mundo

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 4, 2022 22:40


El gobierno de El Salvador, encabezado por el presidente Nayib Bukele, volvió a dejar en claro que su gobierno se rige con “mano dura” y “cero tolerancia” contra las pandillas de la Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18.Durante el cierre del mes de marzo, el país centroamericano registró un pico bastante pronunciado en los asesinatos vinculados con las pandillas. Por lo que el mandatario decretó nuevas estrictas medidas, incluido un estado de excepción y una reforma a las leyes de seguridad para castigar a todos los miembros y conexiones de las pandillas.Visita la sección de Mundo de El Sol de México para estar al día de las noticias internacionales. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

Guatefornication
E18 - Estructura de las pandillas en Guatemala

Guatefornication

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 3, 2022 78:41


Segunda parte del episodio doble No. 18 de Guatefornication el Podcast, donde hablamos de la estructura del Barrio 18 y Mara Salvatrucha, sus principales clicas y las opciones que tienen para dejar ese estilo de vida.

Guatefornication
E18 - Historia de las pandillas en Guatemala

Guatefornication

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 2, 2022 49:48


Primera parte del episodio doble No. 18 de Guatefornication el Podcast donde hablamos de la historia de las primeras maras en Guatemala y cómo el Barrio 18 y la Mara Salvatrucha llegaron a nuestro país y a toda América.

El Faro Audio
Los jueces han perdido acceso al Sistema de Información Penitenciaria

El Faro Audio

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 31, 2022 13:05


Desde diciembre, los jueces no tienen acceso al registro de información de los reos. Hasta hace tres meses, esos datos estaban centralizados en una plataforma en línea que ahora está fuera de servicio, según dijeron las autoridades a los juzgadores. Esta centralización de información ocurre cuando Estados Unidos pide saber sobre uno de los líderes de la Mara Salvatrucha-13 al que ha pedido en extradición, y de quien sospecha que ha sido puesto en libertad.

Broojula
30 Marzo, 2022 - El salvavidas de la economía mexicana.

Broojula

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 30, 2022 15:47


El INEGI dió a conocer el informe sobre la balanza comercial de mercancías de febrero, donde se registró un superávit comercial de 16%. Juan Carlos Baker, académico de la Universidad Panamericana, y Socio fundador de Ansley Consultores; nos habla al respecto. En otros temas: Greenpeace llama a detener las obras Tren Maya. /El Salvador vive en estado de excepción para frenar la ola de violencia de pandillas como la Mara Salvatrucha.

Univision Reporta
La espiral autoritaria de Nayib Bukele

Univision Reporta

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 29, 2022 28:14


62 personas fueron asesinadas este sabado en El Salvador a manos de pandillas: vendedores ambulantes, pasajeros de los autobuses y gente en mercados. Fue el día más violento desde el fin de la guerra civil hace 30 años. Hablamos con Oscar Martinez, editor de investigaciones especiales de El Faro, una de las publicaciones periodísticas más respetadas del continente. Oscar conoce como muy pocos a Nayib Bukele y su gestión en El Salvador.

Expansión Daily: Lo que hay que saber
Polémica por declaraciones de Biden sobre Putin; violencia en El Salvador; Will Smith golpea a Chris Rock en los Oscar

Expansión Daily: Lo que hay que saber

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 28, 2022 20:18


Gobierno mantiene estímulos a combustibles. Los discursos de Joe Biden en Europa meten presión a la crisis en Ucrania. Declaran régimen de excepción en El Salvador por violencia de la Mara Salvatrucha. Semarnat califica como ‘pseudoambientalistas' a los participantes de la campaña ‘Sélvame del Tren'. El actor Will Smith agrede al comediante Chris Rock durante la transmisión en vivo de los premios Oscar. Maca Carriedo y Javier Garza comentan algunas de las noticias que son tendencia. Leemos tus opiniones en Instagram: @expansion.daily Expansion.mx tiene más información para ti sobre política y economía.

Normalnie o tej porze
Tomasz Pindel: „Młody z Hollywood. Skąd wziął się najokrutniejszy gang świata Mara Salvatrucha 13”

Normalnie o tej porze

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 12, 2022 33:57


Rozmowa z Tomaszem Pindlem, tłumaczem, dziennikarzem i samozwańczym apostołem literatury hispanoamerykańskiej w Polsce. Pretekstem do rozmowy jest reportaż o gangach z Salwadoru "Młody z Hollywood. Skąd wziął się najokrutniejszy gang świata Mara Salvatrucha 13" przełożony przez Pana Tomasza i wydany przez Wydawnictwo Filtry, ale oczywiście mówimy też o Lekcje czytania i o planowanym tomie Opowieści Niesamowitych z Hispanoameryki i tym, kogo warto czytać z tamtego zakątka świata.   LISTA NAZWSK: Sylvina Ocampo Samanta Schweblin Mariana Enriquez Claudia Piñeiro

Noticias de América
El gobierno salvadoreño, bajo sospechas de negociar con las pandillas

Noticias de América

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 10, 2021 2:27


Es un duro golpe para el gobierno salvadoreño: la administración Biden reveló que dos de sus funcionarios pactaron una tregua secreta con pandilleros. Con base a esta información, el Tesoro estadounidense impuso sanciones financieras contra los funcionarios señalados. Estas revelaciones de las autoridades estadounidenses contradicen las afirmaciones del presidente Nayib Bukele, que siempre ha negado cualquier tipo de negociaciones con las poderosas pandillas salvadoreñas. Ventajas carcelarias a cambio de apoyos electorales, fue el pacto secreto que habría sellado el gobierno de Nayib Bukele con jefes pandilleros salvadoreños, según afirma el Tesoro de Estados Unidos. La administración Biden impuso esta semana sanciones contra Osiris Luna Meza, viceministro de Justicia y director general de cárceles de El Salvador, y Carlos Amílcar Marroquín Chica, director de Reconstrucción del Tejido Social de la Presidencia salvadoreña, por haber participado en negociaciones con líderes de las poderosas pandillas del país centroamericano.  El Tesoro señaló que en estas conversaciones, los jefes de los grupos criminales acordaron apoyar al partido de Bukele, Nuevas Ideas, en las elecciones legislativas de 2021, en las que el oficialismo triunfó. De su lado, las bandas criminales obtuvieron asignaciones financieras del gobierno y privilegios para sus jefes presos, como celulares y prostitutas. Luna también habría negociado con la dirigencia de la MS-13 y Barrio 18 el acatamiento de las pandillas al confinamiento nacional decretado por Bukele en marzo de 2020 por la pandemia de Covid-19. Las sanciones, aplicadas bajo la Ley Global Magnitsky de 2017, suponen el congelamiento de cualquier activo que los involucrados puedan tener en Estados Unidos y les prohíbe toda transacción a través del sistema financiero estadounidense. "Mentira" Desde San Salvador, Bukele, que mantiene una tensa relación con la administración Biden, rechazó esos señalamientos como "mentira" y afirmó que "nuestra independencia, no está a la venta". "¿Celulares y prostitutas en las cárceles? ¿Dinero a las pandillas? ¿Cuándo pasó eso? ¿No revisaron ni la fecha? ¿Cómo pueden poner una mentira tan obvia sin que nadie se las cuestione? Hay videos sí, pero de sus amigos haciendo eso. No nosotros. Ya ni disimulan", tuiteó. Y aunque el presidente de El Salvador las calificó de mentiras, estas acusaciones se suman a una investigación del diario El Faro que el año pasado ya había informado sobre posibles negociaciones entre gobierno y pandilleros. “Es algo que se viene mencionando desde los principios de la administración Bukele, la existencia de un acuerdo con las pandillas con el propósito de mantener bajo el nivel de homicidios en el país. Aunque se debe decir que esta reducción se venía dando desde aproximadamente octubre de 2016, cuando teníamos el gobierno del Frente Farabundo Martí, de Sánchez Cerén”, estima Carlos Carcach, criminólogo salvadoreño y profesor en la Escuela Superior de Economía y Negocios (ESEN). Un viejo fenómeno Pero las sospechas de que los sucesivos gobiernos salvadoreños negocian con las pandillas Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18 no son nuevas. “Las pandillas tienen un control amplio sobre una buena porción del territorio salvadoreño, y es algo que se consolidó con la tregua entre Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18, que se dio en el año 2012 bajo la administración de Mauricio Funes. Se cree que sólo hay unos 30 de los 262 municipios libres de presencia de estos grupos. Entonces el punto fundamental es que para cualquiera que intente ganar una elección, el llegar a algún tipo de acuerdo con las pandillas, ya sea para que les permitan realizar campaña política dentro del territorio, o que los apoyen, es algo visto como muy grave por la mayor parte de la población”, recalca Carcach. El gobierno de Joe Biden dijo que las sanciones se alinean con los objetivos de la Cumbre por la Democracia que el presidente estadounidense acogerá este jueves y viernes, así como con la Estrategia de Estados Unidos para Combatir la Corrupción, publicada el 6 de diciembre, que considera este tema una prioridad de seguridad nacional. Con la AFP

Noticentro
Primera tormenta invernal en Durango

Noticentro

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 25, 2021 1:39


Primera tormenta invernal en DurangoColombia, aplica vacuna de refuerzo para mayores de 18 añosLíderes de la Mara Salvatrucha condenados a prisión en EUAtaque a secundaria en Camerún, deja 5 muertos

Noticentro
La Bolsa Mexicana de Valores, resiste en los 51 mil puntos

Noticentro

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 18, 2021 1:22


La Bolsa Mexicana de Valores, resiste en los 51 mil puntosEU supera récord de 100 mil muertes por sobredosis en un añoTres líderes de la Mara Salvatrucha son condenados en EU

Viaje sin reservas
#37 Especial de Halloween: Historias viajeras de terror (Parte II) (Fin de temporada)

Viaje sin reservas

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 30, 2021 68:44


Es cuestión de que algo salga mal para que el viaje de tus sueños se convierta en una auténtica pesadilla digna de una película de terror. Finalizamos la tercera temporada de nuestro Podcast Viaje sin Reservas con la segunda versión de este especial de Halloween en el que recordamos esas historias terroríficas que nos han ocurrido en diferentes lugares del mundo Revivimos anécdotas de las que salimos ilesos pero que pudieron haber terminado muy pero muy mal. ¿Creer que vas a morir ahogada en un río? ¿Encontrarte cara a cara con la Mara Salvatrucha? ¿Morir congelados a bordo de un bus en Bolivia? ¿Tener que mendigar en las calles? Episodio imperdible para morirse del miedo (o de la risa) Gracias a todos por acompañarnos durante esta temporada. Disfrutamos demasiado tu compañía abordo de este Viaje sin Reservas. www.renunciamosyviajamos.com Apóyanos en Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/renunciamosyviajamos Compra nuestro libro: https://www.renunciamosyviajamos.com/renunciar-viajar-trabajo-donde-brilla-sol/ Suscríbete a nuestra carta viajera semanal https://bit.ly/3g3oFBE Suscríbete a nuestro canal de youtube: https://www.youtube.com/renunciamosyviajamos Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/renunciamosyviajamos Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/renunciamos_y_viajamos/ Twitter: @renunciamos

LUNA DE LOBOS
EL SALVADOR - 1ª Economía Digital del Mundo - p9/t3 - Episodio exclusivo para mecenas

LUNA DE LOBOS

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 19, 2021 32:25


Agradece a este podcast tantas horas de entretenimiento y disfruta de episodios exclusivos como éste. ¡Apóyale en iVoox! El Salvador ha aceptado el Bitcoin como moneda de curso legal y se ha convertido en el primer país del mundo en hacer uso de una criptodivisa en su economía. Detrás de esta decisión hay probablemente una voluntad de convertir al país en un paraíso fiscal 2.0, y una intención de manejar el narcotráfico de forma opaca. El presidente Nayib Bukele, que ha impulsado la medida a través del parlamento, se sospecha que podría estar tratando de convertir al país en un centro de delincuencia internacional opaco moderno aprovechando las características de la criptomoneda. Estas sospechas vienen de la negociación secreta que se llevó a cabo con la Mara Salvatrucha que controla el narcotráfico en Centroamérica y que derivó en la liberación de numerosos presos de esta banda criminal, y que podría responder a un intento del gobierno de ingresar un canon por el tráfico de cocaína a cambio de la permisividad y complicidad de las autoridades en el transporte que se hace de esta sustancia por el territorio desde los países productores hacia Estados Unidos. Por otro lado, el presidente Bukele está dando visos de autoritarismo que podrían convertir al país, en un medio plazo, en una dictadura. Los pactos estratégicos del gobierno de El Salvador con China han hecho saltar todas las alarmas en Estados Unidos por suponer una amenaza inesperada a su esfera de influencia histórica. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

LUNA DE LOBOS
EL SALVADOR - 1ª Economía Digital del Mundo - p9/t3 - Episodio exclusivo para mecenas

LUNA DE LOBOS

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 19, 2021 32:25


Agradece a este podcast tantas horas de entretenimiento y disfruta de episodios exclusivos como éste. ¡Apóyale en iVoox! El Salvador ha aceptado el Bitcoin como moneda de curso legal y se ha convertido en el primer país del mundo en hacer uso de una criptodivisa en su economía. Detrás de esta decisión hay probablemente una voluntad de convertir al país en un paraíso fiscal 2.0, y una intención de manejar el narcotráfico de forma opaca. El presidente Nayib Bukele, que ha impulsado la medida a través del parlamento, se sospecha que podría estar tratando de convertir al país en un centro de delincuencia internacional opaco moderno aprovechando las características de la criptomoneda. Estas sospechas vienen de la negociación secreta que se llevó a cabo con la Mara Salvatrucha que controla el narcotráfico en Centroamérica y que derivó en la liberación de numerosos presos de esta banda criminal, y que podría responder a un intento del gobierno de ingresar un canon por el tráfico de cocaína a cambio de la permisividad y complicidad de las autoridades en el transporte que se hace de esta sustancia por el territorio desde los países productores hacia Estados Unidos. Por otro lado, el presidente Bukele está dando visos de autoritarismo que podrían convertir al país, en un medio plazo, en una dictadura. Los pactos estratégicos del gobierno de El Salvador con China han hecho saltar todas las alarmas en Estados Unidos por suponer una amenaza inesperada a su esfera de influencia histórica. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

Noticias de América
Noticias de América - Nueva investigación periodística revela negociaciones entre el gobierno de El Salvador y las maras

Noticias de América

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 25, 2021 2:34


Según una nueva investigación periodística realizada por el diario El Faro y publicada este lunes, el gobierno salvadoreño sostuvo en 2020 negociaciones con la pandilla Barrio 18, además de la Mara Salvatrucha, aunque “intentó esconder las evidencias”. En septiembre de 2020, el diario El Faro publicó una investigación en la que revelaba que el gobierno de Nayib Bukele mantenía negociaciones con la pandilla Mara Salvatrucha (MS13) para reducir las cifras de homicidios y obtener apoyo electoral en las elecciones de febrero de 2021. En esta nueva investigación publicada el 23 de agosto, el periódico digital afirma que las negociaciones también incluyeron a la pandilla Barrio 18 —fracciones Sureños y Revolucionarios— e indica que las maras “plantearon una serie de demandas que incluyen mejoras en las condiciones de vida carcelarias y beneficios para sus miembros en libertad”. El presidente del Congreso, Ernesto Castro, aseguró este martes a periodistas que el gobierno de Bukele “nunca ha negociado con pandillas” y afirmó que la baja en los homicidios se debe al Plan Control Territorial, implementado desde 2019. ¿Por qué el gobierno quiere ocultar estas reuniones? Según Tiziano Breda, analista para América Central del International Crisis Group, esto de sebe a varias cosas: “Primero es muy controversial dialogar con los grupos de maras y pandillas en El Salvador, es casi un tabú, debido también al fracaso de lo que fue un proceso similar hace unos años, conocido como ‘la tregua'. Y segundo, ya habiendo negado la existencia de estas conversaciones y desacreditado los reportajes anteriores, sería muy complicado para este gobierno revertir esta posición”. “Un actor social muy importante” La influencia de estas pandillas en la sociedad es importante: “Las estimaciones oficiales de la policía es que hay por lo menos unos 60.000 miembros activos, sobre todo en las principales tres pandillas, que son la Mara Salvatrucha y las dos fracciones del Barrio 18. A esos hay que agregarles los que tienen la intención de unirse a las pandillas, los colaboradores, los familiares, entonces estamos hablando de un colchón social de personas que de alguna u otra manera participan de las actividades de las pandillas o benefician de ellas, de casi medio millón de personas, en un país que tiene poco más de seis millones. Como tal les convierte en un actor social muy importante”, explica el analista. “Ahora, el tema de la participación política o de los términos de las conversaciones que parecen haber tenido lugar es más controversial. Es más difícil determinar realmente cuáles fueron los puntos acordados, se ha mencionado la posibilidad de apoyar al partido Nuevas Ideas en las últimas elecciones generales... Pero ahí es más difícil, es donde empieza a haber bastantes dudas o sombras”, precisa Tiziano Breda. El año pasado, Bukele dijo que la primera investigación del diario El Faro era “falsa” y señaló que su gobierno es criticado por las medidas implantadas en las cárceles, como la de sellar las celdas con placas metálicas, para mantener a los presos aislados tras una escalada de homicidios entre abril y mayo de 2020.

World on Drugs with Steve Furey
18st Gang, The Worlds Largest & Most Violent Gang Pt.2 of 2

World on Drugs with Steve Furey

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 29, 2021 72:26


* episode starts at min 26. From war lords, to drug kingpins, Cartels, criminals, gangs, serial killers, and ever day psychos, World on Drugs with Steve Furey deep dives into subjects and people other wont. We analyze it through the lens of comedy, to try and see how and why these people/event went down the wrong road. So come join me, Steve Furey and my funny friends to learn about some of the people who stay in the shadows. Guest is Malik Bazille (@MalikBazille) Researcher Dr. Joe Hoffswell (@drhoffswell) A two part banger looking at the 18th Street Gang coming your way! Part 1 I'll be talking about how they started, the dude who made it, their rules and regulations, what makes them different, and the things they've been doing in the good ole US of A! Part 2 will focus on how they became a transnational terrorist threat (according to the Trump administration) and their activities across Central America. A lot of it will be out of El Salvador because they have a boatload of power there! Sources (Reagan Latin America Policies) https://tnsr.org/roundtable/policy-roundtable-reagan-and-latin-america/ Information on 18th street markings and colors http://www.ncgangcops.org/18th_Street.html Ortiz Jr., J.A. (2012) Are the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th street gangs a threat to our national security. (MA Thesis) Indiana State University Retrieved from http://scholars.indstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10484/4766/Ortiz%2C%20Jose.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y Insight Crime overview of 18th Street in El Salvador https://insightcrime.org/el-salvador-organized-crime-news/barrio-18-profile-2/ Stoll, D. (2013). Homies and hermanos: Gods and gangs in Central America. Social Forces. Retrieved from https://sites.middlebury.edu/dstoll/files/2018/06/Review-WardBrenneman-Gangs-copy.pdf Congressional Report on MS-13 and 18th Street https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/118413/2007-11-02_Gangs_Threat.pdf van der Borgh, C. (2016) The truce between the mara Salvatrucha and 18thstreet gang in El Salvador. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Wim-Savenije/publication/309397890_The_Truce_between_the_Mara_Salvatrucha_and_18th_Street_Gang_In_El_Salvador_From_Opportunity_to_Failure/links/580e402908aef766ef10e248/The-Truce-between-the-Mara-Salvatrucha-and-18th-Street-Gang-In-El-Salvador-From-Opportunity-to-Failure.pdf --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app

Cual es el plan
T.2 - E.17 - Parte 2 - Gobierno de Bukele en El Salvador - Entrevista a Karen Cerón

Cual es el plan

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 25, 2021 22:01


El presidente de El Salvador anunció el 19 de julio que duplicará la cantidad de efectivos del Ejército para que junto con la Policía pongan en marcha una nueva etapa del plan que busca vencer a las pandillas violentas, como la Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18, que cuentan con más de 70.000 miembros, de los cuales más de 15.000 están presos por homicidios, narcotráfico y otros delitos.

World on Drugs with Steve Furey
18st Gang, One Of The Worlds Largest & Most Dangerous Gangs Pt.1 of 2

World on Drugs with Steve Furey

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 14, 2021 104:57


* episode starts at min 32. From war lords, to drug kingpins, Cartels, criminals, gangs, serial killers, and ever day psychos, World on Drugs with Steve Furey deep dives into subjects and people other wont. We analyze it through the lens of comedy, to try and see how and why these people/event went down the wrong road. So come join me, Steve Furey and my funny friends to learn about some of the people who stay in the shadows. Guest is Gary Anderson (@GarymichaelAnderson) Researcher Dr. Joe Hoffswell (@drhoffswell) A two part banger looking at the 18th Street Gang coming your way! Part 1 I'll be talking about how they started, the dude who made it, their rules and regulations, what makes them different, and the things they've been doing in the good ole US of A! Part 2 will focus on how they became a transnational terrorist threat (according to the Trump administration) and their activities across Central America. A lot of it will be out of El Salvador because they have a boatload of power there! Sources (Reagan Latin America Policies) https://tnsr.org/roundtable/policy-roundtable-reagan-and-latin-america/ Information on 18th street markings and colors http://www.ncgangcops.org/18th_Street.html Ortiz Jr., J.A. (2012) Are the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th street gangs a threat to our national security. (MA Thesis) Indiana State University Retrieved from http://scholars.indstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10484/4766/Ortiz%2C%20Jose.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y Insight Crime overview of 18th Street in El Salvador https://insightcrime.org/el-salvador-organized-crime-news/barrio-18-profile-2/ Stoll, D. (2013). Homies and hermanos: Gods and gangs in Central America. Social Forces. Retrieved from https://sites.middlebury.edu/dstoll/files/2018/06/Review-WardBrenneman-Gangs-copy.pdf Congressional Report on MS-13 and 18th Street https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/118413/2007-11-02_Gangs_Threat.pdf van der Borgh, C. (2016) The truce between the mara Salvatrucha and 18thstreet gang in El Salvador. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Wim-Savenije/publication/309397890_The_Truce_between_the_Mara_Salvatrucha_and_18th_Street_Gang_In_El_Salvador_From_Opportunity_to_Failure/links/580e402908aef766ef10e248/The-Truce-between-the-Mara-Salvatrucha-and-18th-Street-Gang-In-El-Salvador-From-Opportunity-to-Failure.pdf --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app

Bitácora D. H.
Migración LGBTTTIQ+ en México

Bitácora D. H.

Play Episode Listen Later May 5, 2021


Jacobo Dayán, Ana Limón y Emiliano Romero hablan sobre la comunidad LGBT+ centroamericana que se ve obligada a huir se sus hogares y sus países, a causa de violencia exacerbada y diferenciada que sufren, tanto en sus hogares, como en las calles por las pandillas, como la Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18. En suma, no existe espacio seguro para la comunidad de la diversidad. Es por ello, que migrar es visto como su mejor opción.En su tránsito por México, no obstante, también sufren de violaciones a sus derechos humanos, como la negación a derechos básicos como la salud, o el acceso a una protección legal. Además, son objeto de múltiples violencias de alto impacto.Ante todo este panorama ha sido la sociedad civil que se ha organizado para cubrir los espacios vacíos que deja el gobierno para brindar protección y fungir como espacios seguros y de libertad de expresión y de su género para la comunidad LGBT+

The Chills at Will Podcast
Episode 54 with the Thorough, Reflective, Intrepid, Wellspring of Knowledge, Journalist and Author Ioan Grillo

The Chills at Will Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 20, 2021 75:12


Show Notes and Links to Ioan Grillo's Work and Allusions/Texts from Episode 54   On Episode 54, Pete talks with Ioan Grillo about his 20+years of reporting in Mexico and Latin America, and his three books on the regions. The conversation especially focuses on Ioan's knowledge of gangs, cartels, and guns in Latin America and their connections to the United States' loose and byzantine guns laws. Ioan Grillo is a journalist and writer based in Mexico City, working for outlets including the New York Times, France 24 and National Geographic. He has been covering Latin America since 2001 for news media such as Time Magazine, Esquire, CNN, Reuters, Al Jazeera, The Houston Chronicle, The Associated Press, GlobalPost, France 24, The Sunday Telegraph, Letras Libres and many others. He is the author of the books Blood Gun Money: How America Arms Gangs and Cartels (2021), Gangster Warlords: Drug Dollars, Killing Fields and the New Politics of Latin America (2016), and El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency (2011). A native of England, Grillo lives in Mexico City. Buy Blood Gun Money: How America Arms Gangs and Cartels  (Amazon.com) Buy Gangster Warlords (Bookshop.org) Buy El Narco (Bookshop.org) Ioan Grillo's Amazon.com Author Page Ioan Grillo's Personal Website   First six minutes or so-Pete introduces Ioan Grillo, who talks about growing up in Brighton, England, and some of the literature and writers, like George Orwell, who inspired and challenged him   At about 6:00, Ioan talks about the type of stories that have interested him throughout the years and inspired his writing   At about 9:00, Ioan talks about his style of storytelling and its influences   At about 10:15, Ioan and Pete talk about George Orwell's impact, particularly due to his essay “Shooting an Elephant” and Down and Out in Paris and London   At about 12:00, Ioan explains the term “fresa” as used in Mexico City and beyond   At about 13:30, Ioan talks about past and contemporary writers who have inspired, and continued to inspire him, including Ryszard Kapuściński, Jon Ronson, Yuval Harari, Nicholas Pileggi, Jesús Lemus, the exceptional staffers at El Faro, Javier Valdez, and Anabel Hernández.    At about 19:15, Pete recommends the incredible read from Roberto Lovato, Unforgetting   At about 19:40, Ioan describes his beginnings writing in Mexico, and eventually covering the world of drug trafficking and the “narcocultura”   At about 25:30, Ioan talks about La Familia Michoacana, as discussed in Gangster Warlords and El Narco   At about 27:30, Ioan talks about the connection between the PRI losing power and the explosive growth of drug cartel violence   At about 32:00, Ioan talks about what he aims for in documenting real-life stories of criminals and victims   At about 34:30, Ioan talks about managing his mental health after experiencing and writing about so many sad stories and atrocities   At about 41:00, Ioan talks about the four groups who are the focus of Gangster Warlords: México's La Familia Michoacana, Central America's Mara Salvatrucha, Jamaica's Shower Posse, and Brazil's Red Commando   At about 42:30, Ioan talks about the circumstances involving government, or lack thereof, that leads to incredible displays of humanity and criminal enterprises    At about 46:40, Ioan talks about his most recent book, and how the book starts with him connecting the New York Él Chapo trial to the flow of illegal guns from the U.S. to Mexico   At about 49:30, Ioan talks about basic enforcement techniques that aren't being enforced with regards to gun laws   At about 51:00, Ioan talks about the tragic death of Jaime Zapata, and how he traced the guns used to kill him, and this search's connection to the history of the recent arms race   At about 57:15, Ioan talks about the incredibly low-tech National Tracing Center for guns in West Virginia   At about 1:00:55, Ioan talks about universal background checks and other simple ways in which to cut down on gun violence, before even dealing with the tensions around The Second Amendment   At about 1:05:30, Pete asks Ioan what beliefs there are in Mexico about the amount of responsibility/blame that the U.S. has involving drugs and guns   At about 1:07:40, Ioan reads from page 344-towards the end of Guns Blood Money… and the gun museum described as a microcosm/symbol of a hopefully brighter future with much less violence   At about 1:10:00, Ioan talks about upcoming projects You can now subscribe to the podcast on Apple Podcasts, and leave me a five-star review. You can also ask for the podcast by name using Alexa, and find the pod on Spotify, Stitcher,  and on Amazon Music. Follow me on IG, where I'm @chillsatwillpodcast, or on Twitter, where I'm @chillsatwillpo1. This is a passion project of mine, a DIY operation, and I'd love for your help in promoting what I'm convinced is a unique and spirited look at an often-ignored art form. The intro song for The Chills at Will Podcast is “Wind Down” (Instrumental Version), and the other song played on this episode was “Hoops” (Instrumental)” by Matt Weidauer, and both songs are used through ArchesAudio.com.

Society of Strife
The world's deadliest street gang: MS-13

Society of Strife

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 26, 2021 43:03


The gang Mara Salvatrucha started as a music fan club. Thanks to prejudice, it evolved into a street gang and thanks to US Immigration Policies, it spread to Central America and Europe. It is now known as the world's deadliest street gang due to a series of grisly murders that have rocked Central America and the US East Coast. Follow us on Facebook and Instagram @societyofstrifepodcast and Twitter @societyofstrife. If you like the show, please support us on patreon.com/societyofstrife and buymeacoffee.com/societyofstrife.

Udsyn
"Drengene skal vise, at de kan dræbe"

Udsyn

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 22, 2021 17:50


Børn er villige til at begå vold og drab for at blive bandemedlemmer i El Salvador. For dem er det nemlig vejen til et bedre liv, som giver prestige og værdighed. I UDSYN går vi helt tæt på den berygtede bande Mara Salvatrucha, der kontrollerer samfundet gennem drab – og som i øvrigt kun er vokset under pandemien. Medvirkende: Juan Martinéz, antropolog i El Salvador med kendskab til banderne.Sofie Geisler, antropolog, international konsulent og tidligere rådgiver for regeringen i Mexico.Vært og tilrettelægger: Sofie Ørts.Redaktør: Pola Rojan Bagger.

Diplomātiskās pusdienas
Mazā Centrālamerikas valsts Salvadora: Tajā arvien jūtamas pilsoņkara sekas

Diplomātiskās pusdienas

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 16, 2021 14:42


Dodamies uz Salvadoras Republiku, kura atrodas Centrālamerikā. Valstiņu, kura teritorijas ziņā ir apmēram trīs reizes mazāka nekā Latvija, bet iedzīvotāju skaita ziņā trīs reizes lielāka. Un kuras oriģinālais, spāņu kolonistu jeb konkistadoru piešķirtais nosaukums ir “Provincia de Nuestro Senor Jesus Cristo, el Salvador del Mundo”  jeb Mūsu Kunga Jēzus Kristus Pasaules Pestītāja province. To ar laiku saīsināja līdz El Salvador, kas vienkārši nozīmē “Pestītājs”. Salvadora ieguva neatkarību no Spānijas 1821. gadā. Tās vēsturē ir piedzīvoti daudzi nemieri un revolūcijas, bet pats nesenākais, kurš ir atstājis arī mūsdienās paliekošāko iespaidu, ir 1979.-1992. gadam notikušais pilsoņu karš, kurā dzīvības zaudēja ap 75-80 tūkstošiem cilvēku. Šobrīd valstī dzīvo apmēram seši ar pusi miljoni iedzīvotāju. Pilsoņu kara, nabadzības un nevienlīdzības dēļ vēl vairāk nekā 3 miljoni salvadoriešu dzīvo ārvalstīs. Lielākā daļa – Losandželosā. Un viņi ir kļuvuši par būtisku valsts ekonomikas, politikas un arī noziedzīgās pasaules daļu. Salvadoriešu pilsoņu kara iemesli bija pamatā politiski un, protams, ekonomiski. Bet tie nebija etniski, jo valsts ir relatīvi viendabīga etniskā un rasu sastāva ziņā – vairāk nekā 85 % ir metisi un nedaudz vairāk nekā 12 procenti ir eiropiešu izcelsmes.  Interesanti, ka Salvadorā, atšķirībā no citām Centrālamerikas valstīm praktiski nav afrikāņu izcelsmes iedzīvotāju. Tam pamatā bija likumi, kas pēc sākotnējiem afrikāņu izcelsmes vergu dumpjiem un vēlākās verdzības atcelšanas, uzturēja klaji rasistisku politiku, kas neļāva šīs rases pārstāvjiem iebraukt Salvadorā. Tādēļ arī pilsoņu kara ietvaros notika cīņa starp militāristu huntu un kreisi, sociālistiski, noskaņotajiem nemierniekiem. Valdību atbalstīja un trenēja arī ASV pārstāvji, kas bija daļa no cīņas pret komunistisko valstu izplatību Latīņamerikā Aukstā kara laikā. Ekonomiskais iemels pilsoņu karam bija gadu desmitiem un pat simtiem ilgusī ienākumu un dzīves līmeņa nevienlīdzība valstī - valdošās elites bagātība un sabiedrības vairākuma nabadzība. Arī šobrīd Salvadoras sabiedrībā ir izteikta ekonomiskā nevienlīdzība. Vēsturiski Salvadoras ekonomikā ir dominējusi kafijas audzēšana un arī indigo krāsas ražošana. Mūsdienās ekonomika ir diversificēta un ražota tiek ne tikai pārtika un dzērieni, bet arī naftas produkti, ķīmiskās vielas, mēslošanas līdzekļi, tekstilmateriāli, mēbeles un cita produkcija. Vienlaicīgi – ļoti nozīmīga daļa valsts ekonomikas, gandrīz 20 procenti no IKP ieplūst tieši kā nauda, ko sūta ārvalstīs strādājošie salvadorieši uz mājām. Pārsvarā tas ir no ASV un Salvadorā ASV dolārs tiek lietots kā valsts valūta, Pozitīvais – tas ļauj iepludināt valstī papildus līdzekļus ekonomikas attīstībai un mazināt nabadzību par apmēram pusi, sevišķi galējās nabadzības gadījumos. Negatīvais – tas turpina nevienlīdzības ceļu, jo trešā daļa mājsaimniecību, kura pārtiek no šādiem līdzekļiem, veicina pieprasījumu, tostarp pēc mājokļiem un būvniecības, kas, savukārt sadārdzina šo tirgus sektoru un nabadzīgākajiem ir vēl mazākas iespējas atļauties dzīves līmeņa uzlabošanu. Vēl vairāk – tas noved pie tā, ka daudzi izvēlas nestrādāt un pārtikt tikai no atsūtītās naudas. Rezultātā valstī iebrauc hondurasieši unnNikaragvieši, kuri strādā par valstī pieejamo atalgojumu. Kurš, starp citu, arī ir pieaudzis neproporcionāli produktivitātei tieši naudas pārvedumu dēļ. Naudas pārvedumi gan nav vienīgais, kas ieplūst no ASV. Lai cik nebūtu paradoksāli, bet tieši bandu dzīve ir importēta no ASV, nevis otrādi, kā bieži politiķi mēģina to pozicionēt. Un te runa, protams, ir par bēdīgi slaveno MS-13 bandu jeb Mara Salvatrucha, kuras biedru skaits pasaulē tiek rēķināts līdz pat 50 tūkstošiem. Kā, starp citu, nesen ziņoja arī Latvijas Republikas Ārlietu ministrija, rekomendējot uzmanīties ceļojot – Salvadorā ir viens no augstākajiem vardarbīgo noziegumu rādītājiem visā Latīņamerikā. Par bandu nozīmi un valdības cīņu pret tām lūdzām detalizētāk pastāstīt arī savulaik vairākus gadus Salvadorā strādājušajam nevalstiskās organizācijas "Ground Truth Solution" pārstāvim Nikam Arčdīkonam. Bet Salvadora tomēr ir ļoti skaista vieta. Pludmales esot ļoti pieprasītas mūsdienās no sērfošanas viedokļa. Sevišķi El Tunko pludmale ar tās pasaulslavenajiem saulrietu skatiem virs Klusā okeāna.  Valsti ir iecienījuši tūristi, jo tajā ir ne tikai Centrālmerikas Pompeji – pamatiedzīvotāju ciemats, ko aprakuši vulkāna pelni vēl pirms eiropiešu ierašanās. Salvadora ir saukta arī par Vulkānu zemi, jo tajā ir ap 20 vulkāniem, no kuriem divi ir aktīvi. Slavenākais no tiem ir Svētās Annas vulkāns, kurā var arī uzkāpt. Un tas ir kalpojis arī par iedvesmu Antuāna de Sent-Ekziperī "Mazajam Princim". Precīzāk sakot – viņa salvadoriešu sieva bija iedvesma. Bet desertā ir arī kaut kas jāēd. Šoreiz piedāvājam pupusu. Tas ir tradicionāls salvadoriešu ēdiens, tortiljas paveids, kas ir taisīts kā plācenis no kukurūzas vai rīsu miltu mīklas. Un pilda to ar gandrīz jebko – sieru, cūkgaļu, ceptām pupiņām, kalmāriem, garnelēm un citiem gardumiem. Gatavo tos gan uz ielām, gan arī speciālās kafejnīcās. Tāds kā "fastfūds". Salvadoriešiem ir līdzīga tradīcija kā citās pasaules vietās – ciemiņam uz šķīvja ir jāatstāj nedaudz ēdiena, jo tas signalizē, ka saimnieks ir pagatavojis pietiekami. Proti, izlaizīt šķīvi nevajadzētu!     Eiropas Parlamenta granta projekta „Jaunā Eiropas nākotne” programma.*   * Šī publikācija atspoguļo tikai materiāla veidošanā iesaistīto pušu viedokli. Eiropas Parlaments nav atbildīgs par tajā ietvertās informācijas jebkādu izmantošanu.

Inventario
Pandilla, Rudeza y la Guerra Después de la Guerra

Inventario

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 15, 2021 53:45


Isa y Syl hablan de El Niño de Hollywood. Cómo Estados Unidos y El Salvador moldearon a un sicario de la Mara Salvatrucha 13

Daily Easy Spanish
Investigación BBC Mundo: por qué la Mara Salvatrucha, aunque se llame igual, no es la misma en El Salvador y en Los Ángeles

Daily Easy Spanish

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 15, 2021 128:03


La MS-13 nació en Los Ángeles hace 40 años y se volvió una pandilla transnacional con mucho poder en El Salvador. Ahora se acusa a un grupo de jóvenes centroamericanos de querer reinstalar la violencia en la ciudad californiana. Pero es más complicado que eso.

The Way Podcast/Radio
20) MS-13 on 18th Street

The Way Podcast/Radio

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 15, 2020 61:33


Danny Gold has directed documentaries and written numerous articles on MS-13. Mara Salvatrucha, commonly known as MS-13, is an international criminal gang. In Los Angeles they were created during the '70s however, the large control they possess is found in El Salvador. There the people have to pay 'rent', and the children are recruited as early as 9! Learn about their rival gang, how to "leave" the gang, and the power and destruction that MS-13 brings in this episode. Danny Gold: Website - https://www.dannygoldjournalist.com/ Podcast - https://www.underworldpod.com/

Noticentro
Aprueba senado nuevas reglas en materia de jurisprudencias

Noticentro

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 28, 2020 1:26


-Aprueba senado nuevas reglas en materia de jurisprudencias-Anuncia cargos criminales con Mara Salvatrucha y Barrio 18-Trump busca mantener mayoría del senado

Tel chì - Il podcast di Milano
Puntata 11: dalla MS13 ai Trinitarios, gangs of Milan

Tel chì - Il podcast di Milano

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 20, 2020 24:03


Un viaggio che parte da Los Angeles, per poi toccare le altre metropoli USA, i paesi del Centro America, arrivare nel resto del mondo e - infine - a Milano.Questo il percorso storico, culturale e non solo, di realtà come la Mara Salvatrucha, i Barrio 18, i Trinitarios e altri: ovvero le gang latinoamericane.Milano è la capitale italiana di questo fenomeno, con tutto quello che ne consegue. Con l'ospite di questa settimana, il Vice Questore Aggiunto della Polizia di Stato presso la Squadra Mobile della Questura di Milano Vincenzo La Torre, ripercorriamo la loro storia, scopriamo riti e dinamiche interne, conosciamo l'ambiente in cui crescono e si sviluppano, ricordiamo - purtroppo - anche le aggressioni e gli omicidi.Vamos pantula...Copertina di Marco Turchetto

Hora América
Hora América - Protestas en Costa Rica contra un acuerdo con el FMI - 08/10/20

Hora América

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 8, 2020 30:05


Comenzamos el análisis de la actualidad iberoamericana en Costa Rica, donde continúan las protestas contra un posible acuerdo del Gobierno con el Fondo Monetario Internacional para que permita estabilizar las finanzas del Estado que se han deteriorado aún más con la pandemia de la COVID-19. El presidente Carlos Alvarado desistió el pasado domingo de esta iniciativa y ha iniciado una serie de jornadas de diálogo con sectores productivos. Nos detenemos también en El Salvador y la polémica ley de reconciliación nacional, entre otras cuestiones como las presuntas negociaciones con la pandilla Mara Salvatrucha (MS13); y en la caravana de migrantes hondureños detenida en la frontera con Guatemala. Nos despedimos con el Festival Internacional de Arte Sacro en Madrid que recuperará la mayor parte de los conciertos que fueron aplazados el pasado mes de marzo a causa del estado de alarma. Escuchar audio

Noticias de América
Noticias de América - El Salvador: ‘Nunca se ha dejado de pactar con las pandillas’

Noticias de América

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 8, 2020 2:41


El periódico digital El Faro reveló la semana pasada que el gobierno del presidente Nayib Bukele habría negociado con la pandilla Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) beneficios carcelarios para sus miembros presos a cambio de la reducción de los homicidios. Una situación que no sería inédita. No es la primera vez que las maras se convierten en moneda de cambio por parte de los gobiernos salvadoreños. Esta vez es Nayib Bukele quien queda salpicado tras una investigación publicada por el diario digital El Faro, donde se muestran pruebas evidentes de acuerdos entre los pandilleros y el actual gobierno para conceder favores carcelarios a cambio de votos para el gobernante partido Nuevas Ideas. “La investigación tiene fuentes, pandilleros de la MS-13 que atestiguan que esto está ocurriendo, pero en este caso lo que obtuvimos son documentos del propio Estado, es decir el Gobierno dejando pistas que hemos publicado, de cómo, adentro de los penales de máxima seguridad, están ingresando funcionarios públicos y pandilleros de la calle, para negociar con los líderes encarcelados de la Mara Salvatrucha”, explica a RFI Oscar Martínez, editor de la publicación de El Faro. En estas reuniones, prosigue, “negociaron beneficios carcelarios, es decir la posibilidad de tener visitas en los penales de máxima seguridad, de que les vendan mejor comida, de que vuelvan a tener algunos espacios de recreación, y a cambio, ellos hablan de cerrar la válvula de los homicidios”. Pero no es todo: “Luego, hay conversaciones sobre las elecciones de 2021, donde los miembros del Gobierno piden apoyo y las pandillas aseguran que apoyarán al Gobierno. Aún no detallan cómo, por eso la publicación que hicimos habla de una negociación que aún está en curso”, dice Martínez. Dos objetivos: gobernabilidad y votos Según el antropólogo Juan José Martínez d’Aubuisson, existen pruebas evidentes de que desde hace cuatro legislaturas, El Salvador está cogobernado entre las pandillas (principalmente la Mara Salvatrucha) y el gobierno central. Según Martínez d’Aubuisson, los dos objetivos en los pactos son la gobernabilidad y los votos: “En realidad, nunca se ha dejado de pactar con las pandillas. Cambian las formas, pero no cambian los objetivos. Los dos objetivos más importantes de las treguas son, uno, generar gobernabilidad y esto se hace a través de bajar los índices de homicidios, suspender los asesinatos, es decir que un gobierno pueda presentar mejores números, y por lo tanto reelegirse o presentarse como un mejor gobierno. Lo segundo tiene que ver con votos: las pandillas tienen detrás toda una estructura social, y los políticos ven en esto una cantidad muy interesante de votos”. De momento, la única reacción de Bukele ante esta noticia apareció en las redes sociales luego de que el presidente salvadoreño calificase esta investigación como “ridícula” y al periódico como “un panfleto”. No es la primera vez que el gobernante de 39 años arremete contra El Faro, al cual ha descalificado y ha llegado a bloquear su acceso a coberturas en la Casa Presidencial.  

Centro Noticias
Centro Noticias Edición Lunes 7 de Septiembre 2020

Centro Noticias

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 7, 2020 61:08


Centro Noticias Edición Lunes 7 de Septiembre 2020 Estelí, Madriz y Granada registran mayor cantidad de nuevos casos de covid-19 en las últimas semanas Motociclistas víctimas de la delincuencia en Chinandega Señalan a Gustavo Porras como artífice de los despidos en la Alcaldía de León Gobierno presiona con impuestos al sector económico afectado por la crisis del covid19 en Nicaragua. El Salvador investigará supuesta negociación entre gobierno de Bukele y Mara Salvatrucha

Emprende Con El Gera Vargas
#14. MARA SALVATRUCHA MS-13. Pandillas, Papá Soltero, Superación y Éxito!

Emprende Con El Gera Vargas

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 2, 2020 64:25


El invitado de hoy es Alexi, un amigo y compañero que conocí en clases de crecimiento personal. Alexi es originario de Los Angeles, California y actualmente tiene 14 años viviendo en Houston, Texas trabajando duro ya que es padre soltero de un niño de 8 años y una niña de 11 años. Alexi es el mayor de 3 hermanos y sus padres son de Honduras y El Salvador. Alexi creció en el Sur Centro de Los Angeles donde predominan varias de las pandillas mas peligrosas en USA como los Bloods, Crips, MS-13, entre otros. A los 11 años de edad Alexi se unió a las pandillas para poder permanecer a un grupo, en particular permanecer a una familia. Alexi creció pensando que sus abuelos eras sus padres y su mamá su tia ya que ella lo había tenido a los 16 años de edad. Entonces cuando su familia le cuenta la verdad Alexi pasa por un choque emocional y como uno de sus mejores amigos era parte de la pandilla Mara Salvatrucha o MS-13 el decide unirse también. Eventualmente Alexi recibe una oportunidad que no todos tienen de poder salirse de la pandilla y la toma, es ahí cuando se muda a Houston, TX. Alexi actualmente trabaja como coach de Herbalife y su meta es tener un "Smoothie Shop" la cuál estamos seguros que conseguirá. Gracias por ser parte de esta comunidad! Si te agradó el episodio subscríbete al podcast y ayuda a más emprendedores compartiendo el episodio, dejando un comentario y de pasada poniéndonos 5-estrellitas para que algoritmo nos ayude a crecer! GRACIAS Y VÁMONOS! Escucha el podcast en:APPLE ITUNESSPOTIFYGOOGLE PODCASTSSTITCHEROVERCASTRedes Sociales:TikTok https://vm.tiktok.com/@elgeravargasYouTube https://www.youtube.com/elgeravargasTwitter https://twitter.com/elgeravargasInstagram https://www.instagram.com/elgeravargas/Facebook https://www.facebook.com/elgeravargas/

Bien Felipe y con tenis
Invitados especiales 3.0 - T. 02 - Ep. 14 - Bien Felipe y con tenis

Bien Felipe y con tenis

Play Episode Listen Later May 2, 2020 73:17


Una vez más tenemos para ustedes a nuestros invitados especiales, junto con un par de noticias que nos dejarán con la boca abierta, El Salvador, con un gobernante autoritarista hace frente a la banda "Mara Salvatrucha" y volvemos a la teorías de donde surgió el Covid-19

Radio Stendhal
Romain Dutter - Symphonie carcérale

Radio Stendhal

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 17, 2020 14:50


Romain Dutter, Symphonie carcérale, Éditions Steinkis, 15 décembre 2018.Romain est derrière les barreaux depuis plus de dix ans... mais rentre chez lui tous les soirs. Coordinateur culturel au sein du Centre pénitentiaire de Fresnes - l'un des plus grands et des plus connus du pays -, il raconte, dans ce témoignage plein d'humour et sans concession, son combat quotidien pour permettre aux personnes incarcérées d'avoir accès à la culture. Et notamment à des concerts. De son expérience dans une prison du Honduras, parmi des membres du gang de la Mara Salvatrucha, à celle qu'il poursuit désormais à Fresnes ; de la performance mémorable de Johnny Cash à Folsom en 1968 aux concerts qu'il organise aujourd'hui en détention, suivez-le dans un univers méconnu en compagnie des artistes qui contribuent à faire résonner cette Symphonie carcérale et offrent des perspectives d'évasion...musicale, bien entendu !Coordinateur culturel au sein du centre pénitentiaire de Fresnes, Romain Dutter écrit en parallèle des scénarios pour le documentaire (Latin Street Revolucion en coproduction avec France Ô) et la BD, pour la première fois avec Symphonie carcérale.

The New American Podcast
Illegal Aliens, MS-13 Gang Members, Charged in Fatal Maryland Stabbing

The New American Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2019 3:29


Six of the seven people charged with fatally stabbing a man in the Loch Raven neighborhood of Baltimore County, Maryland, in July have been identified by federal officials as being part of the violent MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha) gang and were in the country illegally, an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) spokesperson said recently. Read the article here!

Actually Knitting
Actually Knitting Episode 90: She's not Pretty Cool, She's Really Cool.

Actually Knitting

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 18, 2018 36:34


Book lovers, try Audible free for one month with a free audiobook download.  Episode 90 is brought to you by Daizie Knits and Bijou Basin Ranch.  Knitting Segments Show-Ready Knits Mezzo Cardigan by Alexis Winslow Paulina Dress by Taiga Hilliard Endpaper Mitts by Eunny Jang    Knits in Rehearsal Still working on Camp Wilkerson by Caitlyn Hunter.  Granny Stripes Crochet Blanket by Lucy of Attic24   Here's my version in progress.   This episode is brought to you by Daizie Knits   At Daizie Knits, our goal is to provide a rainbow of colors in a range of fibers and weights.  We dye all our products in small batches using a kettle dying method; so each one is unique.  We strive to find yarns and fibers that makes your heart sing and your toes curl with delight.  At daizieknits.com, you can contact us, view a gallery of projects, check out the show schedule and of course, link to our shop.  We also offer 3d printed spindles, buttons and shawl pins.  Use the PalKal2018 coupon code for 20% off of your order through September 1, 2018.  Knitting News, Notes and Events  PalKal 2018 Basic Rules   Official cast on/bind off dates: June 15-August 15 One part of your project must be from a podcaster. The podcaster has to have produced an episode within the last year, so no retired podcasts, sorry. No yardage requirement. Your finished object can be entered more than once if more than one element is from a podcaster. You cannot reuse a project bag for multiple entries. The same applies for patterns, stitch markers, etc. Entries must be put into the finished object threads. Each element of the project that qualifies gets it's own entry. When you post an FO, please tell us what element qualifies for the PALKAL and which podcast you are supporting. Feel free to ask me questions on the Ravelry group forum for PALKAL Chatter. Check out all of the information and links to our sponsors in the Ravelry group!    This episode I am pleased to have Fix-a-Stitch as an Intermission Prize Sponsor. Make sure you listen to this episode to see if you are the winner of a both a Multi-Tool and Laceweight set of Fix-a-Stitch.    For all PalKal related discounts, the code is the same: Palkal2018      Top Billing Sponsors: Janis Ficker, Carolina Fiber Girls CC and Dami Almon/JavaPurl Designs, Geeky Girls Suzanne, Two Tangled Skeins Knitting Daddy Greg, Unraveling Podcast Sarah Schira, Imagined Landscapes Jennifer Lassonde, Down Cellar Studio Monique Leonard/Windswept Designs, Knitting on the Run Vivian and Alysin/Pearl and Plum, Keep Calm and Carry Yarn Kristi, In a Sknit Podcast Cameo Sponsors Susie White/Prairie Girls Designs/Prairie Girls Knit and Spin Melinda, Yarnderwoman Podcast   Producing Sponsors:  Bijou Basin Ranch  Queen City Yarn  Never Not Knitting  Daizie Knits  Love Knitting   Knitting Podcast Spotlight Check out the Quirky Monday Craftcast  and Quirky Monday Crafts Etsy Shop.    This episode is brought to you by Bijou Basin Ranch Bijou Basin Ranch is a family-owned ranch in western Colorado. In addition to fiber from our own herd of full blooded Tibetan yak, we work with other yak ranchers in the US as well as Asia to source top quality yak fiber for our luxury yarns. We also work with various indie dyers who create beautiful can't-get-anywhere-else colorways for yarn lovers!   Use the PalKal2018 Coupon Code for 15% off all yarns from their online store (exception: Qiviut or Paco-Vicuna) from now through September 6, 2018.   Non-Knitting Segments  Instant Success  Instant Pot Lemon Garlic Chicken   Love it or Leave it Love: Color Street Nail Polish Strips   Leave: July can be a hard month for me.    Other News and Notes  Books:   The Lola Quartet by Emily St. John Mandel   Vida y Muerte en la Mara Salvatrucha   The Secret of the Old Clock (Nancy Drew #1) by Carolyn Keene     

A Better Peace: The War Room Podcast
ORGANIZED CRIME: NOT WHAT YOU SEE ON TV

A Better Peace: The War Room Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 23, 2018 19:01


Clausewitz talkS about war being an extension of politics; for criminals, violence is ... an extension of the profit motive. Paul Kan and Jacqueline E. Whitt discuss organized crime as an important force in the global security environment. Whether organized criminal activity by large transnational groups or networks of smaller groups perpetrating similar criminal behaviors like money laundering, organized crime has a destablizing effect on governments and societies. The speakers discuss the challenges of separating legal from illegal activity and the dispels a number of myths surrounding organized crime built up in popular media.   https://warroom.armywarcollege.edu/wp-content/uploads/18-022-Kan-Whitt-Organized