Podcasts about central american

Geographic region in the Americas

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Latest podcast episodes about central american

Herpetological Highlights
136 Set a course for Tiny Boa Island

Herpetological Highlights

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 15, 2022 30:59


Central American boas are the focus of this episode - we disentangle why some are large, and others are very small. Followed up by a Species of the Bi-Week with a stubby tail. Become a Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/herphighlights Full reference list available here: http://www.herphighlights.podbean.com Main Paper References: Card DC, Adams RH, Schield DR, Perry BW, Corbin AB, Pasquesi GIM, Row K, Van Kleeck MJ, Daza JM, Booth W, Montgomery CE, Boback SM, Castoe TA. 2019. Genomic Basis of Convergent Island Phenotypes in Boa Constrictors. Genome Biology and Evolution 11:3123–3143. DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evz226. Species of the Bi-Week: Oliver PM, Donnellan SC, Gunn BF. 2022. Plio–Pleistocene vicariance across arid Australia in the ‘Spiny Knob-tailed Geckos' (Nephrurus asper group), with the description of a new species from western Queensland. Australian Journal of Zoology 69:216–228. DOI: 10.1071/ZO22008. Other Mentioned Papers/Studies: Card, D. C., Schield, D. R., Adams, R. H., Corbin, A. B., Perry, B. W., Andrew, A. L., ... & Castoe, T. A. (2016). Phylogeographic and population genetic analyses reveal multiple species of Boa and independent origins of insular dwarfism. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 102, 104-116. Jack, K. M., Brown, M. R., Buehler, M. S., Cheves Hernadez, S., Ferrero Marín, N., Kulick, N. K., & Lieber, S. E. (2020). Cooperative rescue of a juvenile capuchin (Cebus imitator) from a Boa constrictor. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-7. Reynolds, R. G., Niemiller, M. L., & Revell, L. J. (2014). Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 71, 201-213. Editing and Music: Podcast edited by Emmy – https://www.fiverr.com/emmyk10  Intro/outro – Treehouse by Ed Nelson Species Bi-week theme – Michael Timothy Other Music – The Passion HiFi, https://www.thepassionhifi.com

The Compass
Stories from the New Silk Road: Panama

The Compass

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 9, 2022 27:50


The Panama Canal is a great feat of engineering and a place of huge global significance for trade and shipping. An artificial waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, literally dividing North and South America, whilst saving thousands of miles of shipping time round Cape Horn at the very southern tip of South America. The American's built the canal and operated it for decades, but today there's a new global superpower hoping to make their mark. In 2017 Panama became the first country in the region to sign up to China's Belt and Road initiative, shortly after they had cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favour of Beijing. Five years after signing up, what impact has the new Silk Road had on this small, Central American nation with strong historical ties to the US? Travelling from one coast to the other, BBC South America correspondent, Katy Watson, aims to find out. Presenter: Katy Watson Producer: Peter Shevlin A C60Media production for the BBC World Service (Photo: Panama port. Credit: Peter Shevlin)

Barks Remarks - a Carl Barks Podcast
50 - the Secret of Hondorica

Barks Remarks - a Carl Barks Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 7, 2022 75:26


Guest Hosts: Warren Harmon & Sara Santiago Join us listeners, for our 50th regular episode! We'll talk about Barks' Central American set adventure story, the Gladstone-Gander featuring "the Secret of Hondorica. We'll talk about portmanteaus, stork tables, and the trope where outsiders resemble the local natives' gods!

Abject Suffering
478: Hidden Agenda

Abject Suffering

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 7, 2022 39:41


This week's episode is about Hidden Agenda, a really neat DOS game that is both too serious and too good to joke much about. It's a strategy game where you run a fictional post-revolutionary Central American country, making decisions that steer its development and inevitably piss off the people around you. So instead we talk about Gary's recent solo PRGE, and give some extremely belated takes on the Silent Hill announcements. We recorded this a while ago.

The Brett Winterble Show
Sarah Carter: What it is Really Like at the Border

The Brett Winterble Show

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 2, 2022 8:08


Today on the Brett Winterble Show we're joined by documentarian and podcast host Sarah Carter to talk about her new podcast "Dark Wars: The Border" highlighting the situation at the southern border of the United States.  With the border on many voters minds ahead of the 2022 midterms, Carter talks about what she hopes to achieve with her project and some of the things they have found so far -- speaking with everyone from people attempting to cross the border as well as our own and South and Central American government officials. Carter also talks about the damage the situation is causing as well as how Russia and China are involved with the crisis +how she pushes back against the US government's claim that the border is secure and why its important for Americans to educate themselves and hold the politicians accountable for the issues they create.  If you're interested in giving "Dark Wars: The Border," Podcast follow the link here.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Central American Voices
Episode #54 - Growing up Central American

Central American Voices

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 2, 2022 80:34


In today's episode, we have Osirus Polachart, a UC Berkeley Student share about his experience growing up as Central American and the importance of Central American Studies. Guest:Osirus PolachartIG https://www.instagram.com/osiruspolachart/CAFE at UC Berkeleyhttps://www.instagram.com/cafeucb/Language/Idioma:English Support Central American Voices Podcast:Become a Patreon: www.patreon.com/centamvoicespodcastDonate to CAVP: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/donateDonate to our Scholarship https://linktr.ee/CentAmVoicesPodcastForms: Guest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/guest-formRequest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/topicguest-requestYouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJrKk4bCVp6ae1XCkK-9YwASocial MediaWebsite: www.centralamericanvoices.comInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/centamvoicespodcast/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/centamvoicespodcastTwitter: https://twitter.com/centamvoicespodHost Alejandra's IG: https://www.instagram.com/aalquiroz/

Podsothoth: A Lovecraft Book Club
25: The Curse of Yig

Podsothoth: A Lovecraft Book Club

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 29, 2022 42:49


For tonight's episode, I'll be reading "The Curse of Yig," by HP Lovecraft and Zealia Bishop, which was first published in the November, 1929 issue of Weird Tales.This reading includes, first and foremost, some unkind descriptions and misunderstandings of traditional Native American and Central American culture, as well as the displacement of those people by white American settlers.However, the most obviously racist terms used by Lovecraft and Bishop to describe American Indians have been excised from this reading, and replaced with the more textually appropriate term, "Indian." It is this reader's understanding that the term "Indian" is not immediately and obviously offensive, and has been used throughout the 20th and 21st Centuries to describe the the specific cultures Lovecraft and Bishop are referring to, both within and without those cultures.While other terms certainly exist, none seem to be universally adopted as the most correct term, and most are much more modern than the period written about. A Wikipedia article on this sensitive topic can provide more background.With that said, this reading also touches on the horrors of Oklahoma barbecue, a poorly performed Ozarkian accent, supernatural birth defects, nonconsensual asylum commitment, a dog that dies in the end, snake violence, and acute ophidiophobia. If these subjects are likely to upset you, you are urged to skip this podcast episode.The ambient background sounds are by Michael Ghelfi Studios, and is available on YouTube by searching for "Serpents Temple Adventure Ambience."

The Malliard Report
Rabbi Manis Friedman

The Malliard Report

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 27, 2022 60:44


We get a dopamine rush when we see the social media notification that someone liked our content. We strain ourselves to our very max at our job to chase up proverbial ladders. We destroy small businesses because we want our product within 2 days or less. We throw fits because a coffee shop doesn't have our favorite flavor syrup. It is without question that we live in a “me centered” culture. What happens though when we take ourselves out of the equation and put the focus on others. We go that extra mile for someone. Well, this week on The Malliard Report, Jim welcomes Rabbi Manis Friedman to the show to discuss just such things. Rabbi Manis Friedman is a Hassid rabbi, author, social philosopher, and public speaker. He is also the dean of the Bais Chana Institute of Jewish Studies. Friedman authored Doesn't Anyone Blush Anymore?, which was published in 1990 and is currently in its fourth printing. In 1971, inspired by the teachings of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Friedman as a shaliach ("emissary") cofounded the Bais Chana Women International, an Institute for Jewish Studies in Minnesota for women with little or no formal Jewish education. Friedman has lectured in cities throughout the US, as well as London, Hong Kong, Cape Town, and Johannesburg in South Africa, Melbourne and Sydney in Australia, and several South and Central American cities. Rabbi Manis is a fantastic speaker and guest. You can find him on YouTube and on his personal site itsgoodtoknow.org. For all things Malliard, head over to malliard.com for merch, past shows, and the live chat every Tuesday 9 P.M. EST. Remember to rate and subscribe through your favorite podcasting app. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

John Solomon Reports
Rep. Brian Babin: Democrat ‘regime in Washington today is killing America,' vote them out

John Solomon Reports

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 26, 2022 44:50 Very Popular


Rep. Brain Babin discusses the deadly consequences of the Biden administration open border policies and appeals to voters to "get out and vote". The Texas Congressman says America is "suffering from an acute lack of wise leadership, like in no other time in US history, not only on the border, but every other issue as well, the economy, inflation, our crime wave, the vaccine mandates, the workforce shortages, nuclear war, it is just so unbelievable.” Commenting the Border is not only a huge national security threat to United States but also deadly, with “more than 14,000 pounds of deadly fentanyl has been seized in this fiscal year alone." Saying, "that is almost more than you can scarcely conceive seven-tons of fentanyl being made into candy-like tablets and pills to try to lure children. That's the only thing you can say, all of this has been enabled by the Biden administration, and no one has probably enriched or empowered the cartels more than Secretary Mayorkas, Joe Biden, and these democrats on our border.” The Congressman says that the amount of deaths seen in this fiscal year is alarming, saying, "how many people have to die before this President realizes, and the American people see, 856 migrants themselves have been found dead on the border in fiscal year 2022.” Adding that since the new fiscal year on October 1, "25 more migrants have already passed away, it is unbelievable what we're seeing. And all they need to do is to start re-implementing the solutions that the Trump administration really worked so hard on, with negotiations with Mexico and with the Central American countries, Title 42, finish this border wall, do all the things that we were already on track to do. But they will not do it, because they have an ideology, an agenda, a strategy to bring in more people, and they don't give a hang about how many Americans die.” The Congressman appeals to voters, "to get out and vote folks, because this regime in Washington today is killing America."See Privacy Policy at https://art19.com/privacy and California Privacy Notice at https://art19.com/privacy#do-not-sell-my-info.

The Wealth and Freedom Nexus Podcast
WFN #054 – Country Spotlight: Panama

The Wealth and Freedom Nexus Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 26, 2022 41:39


Medical Tourism.  Fresh organic foods.  The Panama Canal.   If you've enjoyed the Country Spotlight series so far with episodes 44 on Belize and 52 on Nicaragua, you will want to listen in on today's spotlight: Panama.Our returning guest from Episode 13, Mikkel Thorup of Expat Money shares his personal experience having lived in Panama and what one can expect from this Central American country.

The Rice Stuff
#56 Latin America, Haiti, and the United Kingdom

The Rice Stuff

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 25, 2022 45:44 Very Popular


About 50 percent of rice grown in the U.S. is exported to 120 countries around the globe. The vast majority goes to consumers in the western hemisphere, so very appropriate that Asiha Grigsby, who oversees rice promotions in the region joined us to talk about her recent trip to Peru and the delegation of Central Americans she hosted in the mid-South. And newly back from U.S. rice day in the UK, Peter Bachmann joins us to talk about trade agreements, the UK, Haiti, and India. With special guests: Asiha Grigsby, USA Rice, director international promotion Western Hemisphere and Peter Bachmann, USA Rice, vice president policy and government affairs Hosted by: Michael Klein and Lesley Dixon

The All-Around Adventure Podcast
ZACH GUERRERO│A Change In Travel Style

The All-Around Adventure Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 24, 2022 58:55


For this episode of The All-Around Adventure Podcast, I'm joined by my brother and returned guest, Zach Guerrero. Zach has had several amazing adventures throughout his life! He lived and worked in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, where he got to explore some amazing places. Such as Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore and Isle Royale National Park. He also had the opportunity to spend four months studying abroad in Costa Rica. While also traveling to a few other Central American countries. Furthermore, Zach has made it across the oceans for even more daring endeavors! Including riding into the Sahara Desert on the back of a camel, hopping between islands in the Philippines, and much more! Though things have changed for Zach during these past few years! Back in the summer of 2020, he became a husband. Not long after that, he and his wife bought their first home. And most recently, at the start of this year, the two welcomed their daughter into the world! Despite these changes, Zach still finds ways to heed the call for adventure. Albeit, in a different way than what he has done before. And he hopes to share his adventurous spirit with his daughter as she gets older. In this episode, Zach tells us about how he's adapted his travel style to the changes in his life. He also shares tips and ideas for other parents on how to travel with children, and his thoughts on the future and traveling with his daughter! Thank you for listening! To hear more great episodes like this one, click here! Also, don't forget to head over to Apple Podcasts and leave us a good rating and review! You can also listen to the podcast on Spotify, Stitcher, and iHeartRadio. Also, be sure to join our FREE closed Facebook group, Travel Titans, and interact with other travelers like you! And don't forget to follow All-Around Adventure on these social media platforms: Instagram Facebook Twitter YouTube And until next time; be safe, happy travels, and always move forward!

From Sparks to Light - Inspiring Stories for Challenging Times

Today we're talking to Annie Bacon, the Executive Director of Seeds of Learning, a non-profit organization that works to improve educational opportunities in rural Latin America. I caught up with Annie in her car, but even though the sound quality isn't the greatest, I thought this conversation was worth sharing.In 2011, I took my first trip with Seeds of Learning. I took along 18 high school students, two of which were my own to a remote village in El Salvador. For a week we lived in a rustic retreat center, without the benefits of indoor plumbing or hot showers and spent our days digging a trench in the sun baked earth. We were preparing the ground for the foundation of a new school, one that would be completed over the course of one summer by a stream of volunteers and community members, most of whom we would never meet.In the evening we would gather together and discuss our day, processing what we had seen and the inevitable emotions that seemed to course through our bodies. The poverty was unmistakable. For many of the students, it was the first time they'd ever seen anything like it and yet they were struck by the resiliency of the people they met. The enthusiasm of the students who spent hours in tin walled classrooms that baked with the heat of the midday sun, without books or supplies, the things they'd taken for granted.I have done that trip many times since, with more students than I can remember. Each time, whether it is in a small remote village in El Salvador or the mountains in Nicaragua, the story is the same. We've come here to make a difference. To give a community a chance for something better. A commitment to making the world just a little bit better.But we've left with so much more. With a better understanding of the world we live in. Of the struggles that so much of the world faces. Limited resources. Of governments that do not always value the needs of the people they are meant to represent. Of communities where there is endless need. And the responsibility we have to do what we can to make a difference.For more than 23 years, Annie Bacon has worked with Seeds of Learning. First as a work group volunteer in 1994, and later returned to work as an intern during a semester abroad program in 1997 and the summer of 1998. In 1999, she began full time work with Seeds of Learning as the Program Administrator splitting her time between Nicaragua, El Salvador, and the US. Later she became the Program Coordinator, Director, and 8 years ago, SOL's Executive Director. The organization works with North and Central Americans to build and equip schools in Nicaragua and El Salvador, educate children and adults, and promote cross cultural understanding. Annie has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science with Concentrations in Latin American and Peace and Conflict Studies from Swarthmore College. She lives in northern California with her husband Juan and son Santiago. Welcome Annie.To learn more about Seeds of Learning and the work they're doing in Central America, please visit their website.  To learn more about Robert Maggio, the composer of our theme music, please check out his website.To learn more about Suzanne, visit her website. To learn more about the inspiration for this podcast, please check out Suzanne's memoir, Estrell...

The Unexpected Journey
Mateo Rojas on Disability in Society and the Importance of Community (and his service dog, Tilly!)

The Unexpected Journey

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 20, 2022 44:58


Mateo Rojas lives at the intersection of developmental disability with autism and physical disability as a person who uses a wheelchair and has vision loss. He was raised in Southern Massachusetts and is adopted, his biological family is Paraguayan. As a child, he hoped to travel to his birth country and to explore and learn more about South American and Central American cultures. When he had the opportunity to travel to Paraguay after graduating college, he contracted an illness from drinking the water. Upon return to the US, Mateo was prescribed Ciprofloxacin which had devastating side effects resulting in long-term disability.  From his lifelong experience with disability in multiple forms, Mateo eloquently shares reflections on his own experience and what it means to be disabled in our society.Guest info:Instagram: @cookiemonster31195Additional Resources:Mateo's Story: Disabled from Cipro Toxicity-FLOXED StoryContact us: Instagram: @unexpectedjourneypodcastEmail: tim@unexpectedjourneypod.com Hosted and produced by Tim BrownAudio engineer and sound design by Jesse LaFountaineEditing: Riss BickfordAudio editing: Jason DeWald Episode cover art by David McCaulley Cover art and logo design by Anne Holt

Jean & Mike Do The New York Times Crossword
Monday, October 27, 2022 - Hey, what's up, doc?

Jean & Mike Do The New York Times Crossword

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 18, 2022 9:44


An LOL theme to start off the week, both amusing and nostalgic (although most of the characters mentioned here are, in one form or another, still appearing in new series). There were a few quasi-mysterious clues, most notably 44A, Response to a relatable meme, in internet slang, ITME and 45A. South and Central American mammal related to the raccoon, COATI. We could REGALE you with more, but we'd prefer to REFER you to today's AGITA-free episode. Enjoy!Contact Info:We love listener mail! Drop us a line, crosswordpodcast@icloud.com.Also, we're on FaceBook, so feel free to drop by there and strike up a conversation!

PRI's The World
Haitians skeptical of international ‘armed intervention'

PRI's The World

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 18, 2022 47:14


The UN secretary-general sparked controversy on Monday when he called for an international “armed action” in Haiti to reopen a port closed by armed gangs. The US and Canada sent armored vehicles and other supplies to Haiti's national police this past weekend, but some Haitians are skeptical. And many Central Americans who fled their homes last week during Hurricane Julia are returning and assessing the damage. Severe storms and flooding like this can lead to an increase in migration to the United States. Also, in northeastern Turkey last Friday, 41 people died in a coal mine explosion. Victims' families and union organizers are calling for greater safety measures, but criticizing the state-run mine can be risky. Plus, Sri Lankan writer Shehan Karunatilaka wins the Booker Prize.

Hope in the Trenches
Hope in the Trenches - Sn2Ep14 - Ryan Hendrickson Author of "Tip of the Spear"

Hope in the Trenches

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 15, 2022


In this episode, Chaplain Scott talks with "Tip of the Spear," Author and retired Army Green Beret Special Forces Engineer Sergeant, Sgt. 1st. Class Ryan Hendrickson. Hendrickson joined the Army in 2008 after completing enlistments in the Navy and Air Force. He served on multiple deployments, including Iraq, Afghanistan, and several South and Central American countries. His book, Tip of the Spear, is the inspiring true story of his incredible return to active duty—and subsequent combat deployments—after stepping on an IED.

Espooky Tales
Legends From Costa Rica

Espooky Tales

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 14, 2022 60:44


Costa Rica is a beautiful Central American country, known for it's beaches and volcanoes, but it is also full of spooky legends and haunted places. Among these legends are La Tulevieja, El Chingo, El Hospital San Juan and today, we bring you these tales. Disclaimer: This is our first episode after a break, so we do spend time going over our vacations, skip to 15:51 to get straight to the listener story and episode topic! If you have spooky stories you want us to share on the podcast, please email Espookytales@gmail.com. Join the Espooky Tales Book Club for Busy People: https://forms.gle/8aAhLsRuKh7zFKmU9 For more spooky stories, watch us on Tiktok https://www.tiktok.com/@espookytales Join us for movie nights on Twitch! https://www.twitch.tv/espooky_cristina Chat with us on Discord! https://discord.gg/4zVbvd7Hek For pictures on the places we discuss each episode, check out our Instagram page: https://www.instagram.com/espookytales/ Tweet us https://twitter.com/EspookyTales/  Support Espooky Tales on Patreon and receive bonus episodes, shoutouts, stickers and more! https://www.patreon.com/Espookytales Music Credit:  Silent Night (Dark Piano Version)-Myuu       Link for sources Episode image credit: licensed through Envato Elements This podcast uses the following third-party services for analysis: Podsights - https://podsights.com/privacyPodcorn - https://podcorn.com/privacy

Radio Cayman News
LOCAL SPORTS

Radio Cayman News

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 14, 2022 5:35


-Cayman National Netball team left today for the Americas Netball World Cup Qualifier in Jamaica. -10 Artistic swimmers are traveling this weekend to Panama for the Central American and Caribbean Amateur Swimming champions (CCCAN). -And…The Cayman Islands Classic CIBA Hoop it up 3X3 tournament will see some exciting match-ups come tomorrow at the Arc in Camana Bay --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/rcnews/message

KQED’s Forum
L.A. City Council Scandal Rocks City

KQED’s Forum

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 12, 2022 55:28


During a raucous L.A. city council meeting yesterday, a crowd of demonstrators demanded the resignations of Nury Martinez, Kevin DeLeón, and Gil Cedillo, three council members who had been caught on tape making racist and derogatory comments about Blacks, Jews, Central Americans, and Armenians, among others. Amidst the shouting, the one moment of quiet came as council member Michael Bonin tearfully shared his outrage over racist remarks made by Martinez, the council's Latina president, about Bonin's adopted Black son, who Martinez, using a racist slur, called a monkey in need of a “beatdown." Though Martinez resigned from her position as council president, none of the three members has offered to resign from the council. We'll talk to political analysts about the fallout and the racial and political fault lines revealed by this scandal. Guests: Erika D. Smith, columnist, Los Angeles Times Saul Gonzalez, co-host, The California Report at KQED Gustavo Arellano, columnist, Los Angeles Times

The Peak Daily
Tax evaders

The Peak Daily

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 11, 2022 7:51


Hockey Canada has officially lost every last one of its top-tier corporate sponsors after Nike suspended its 23-year partnership with the organization Have you been spending time in the metaverse? No? That makes you, everyone else you know, and even Meta's own employees. Six years after the release of the Panama Papers, it's not clear if the government has collected any tax-evasion-money hidden in Central American offshore accounts. Celebrating something? Let us know here: https://thepeak.typeform.com/to/MNdYA3TO Join us for a live recording of The Peak Daily at the Bet on Canada Summit on November 8th. Buy tickets here: https://readthepeak.com/events/bet-on-canada-2022 The Peak Daily is produced by 306 Media Productions. Hosted by Brett Chang and Jay Rosenthal.

EthicalStL.org
The Co-Pursuit of Dignity and the Role of Accompaniment in Asylum Seeking; Adriano Udani, PhD; 9-Oct-2022

EthicalStL.org

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 9, 2022 24:30


How can the asylum seeking process inform U.S. citizens and public discussions about dignity, collaboration, and social change? Utilizing over three years of field work with a group of 48 Central American and Mexican asylum seekers (named Migrantes Unidos), who are committed to ending the use of ankle monitors and other forms of detention in immigration enforcement, Adriano Udani will discuss how the asylum seeking process impacts organizations, social service provision, and everyday life. In the U.S. immigration system that is intentionally designed to punish people through isolation, Adriano Udani argues that what is starkly missing and most needed are opportunities for accompaniment which provides opportunities for asylum seekers to co-pursue dignity, mutual support, opportunities for critical thinking, and collaboration for action. Adriano Udani specializes in the study of political attitudes toward immigrant groups and policy decisions that affect immigrant treatment in the United States. He also studies public misperceptions of immigration enforcement and its impact on immigrant communities. His research is published across various fields of public administration, public policy, public policy, ethics, and race and ethnic politics. Adriano's current work contributes to the emergence of "Civically Engaged Research" in political science, which aims to reciprocally collaborate with people and groups beyond the academy to co-produce, share, and apply knowledge related to power and politics. His current project involves partnering with immigrant service providers, attorneys, and asylum seekers to abolish detention of all forms. Adriano Udani received his Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, and his M.P.A. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University.

Grad School Femtoring
158: Carving an Intersectional and Interdisciplinary Path in Grad School with Xochitl Clare

Grad School Femtoring

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 7, 2022 39:53


This week our special guest is Xochitl Clare, who discusses the topic of how to carve and intersectional and interdisciplinary path for yourself. Xochitl is a Afro-Latina Marine Biologist & Performing Artist with Caribbean & Central American heritage. Her Ph.D. research provides valuable insights on how ecosystems and the fisheries they support are coping with ocean warming and how this could impact daily livelihoods. We discuss her work in using the combined power of science and storytelling to empower a new generation of diverse ocean explorers. In this episode we cover: -Xochitl's backstory as an Afro-Latina marine biologist and performer -The benefits and challenges of pursuing interdisciplinary interests in college and in grad school -What to consider when applying to grad school with intersectional and interdisciplinary interests -Approaches to interdisciplinary career planning, and more! You can connect with Xochitl via the following account tags and sites: Instagram Account Tags: @xochitlclare @dancewithxochi Facebook Account Tags: Xochitl Clare LinkedIn Account Tags: Xochitl Clare Website: https://xochitlclare.wixsite.com/dancingbiologist *NEW* Take the Grad School Femtoring Listener Survey to share critical feedback and get a special FREE gift: https://forms.gle/6Qcxf9PG8rjqdkrq9 *NEW* Sign up for my newsletter to receive updates on my GSF Guide book and other resources for first-gen students of color: https://creative-trailblazer-5062.ck.page/gradschoolfemtoring Liked what you heard? Then join my exclusive Grad School Femtee community on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/gradschoolfemtoring Get my free 15-page Grad School Femtoring Resource Kit here: https://gradschoolfemtoring.com/kit/ Want to learn how to work with me? Get started here: https://gradschoolfemtoring.com/services/ For this and more, go to: https://gradschoolfemtoring.com --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/gradschoolfemtoring/message

Not Done Yet
Green World Order

Not Done Yet

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 6, 2022 58:59


Visit my Linktree for quick access to everything I'm doing! In this episode: Updates on my recent projects and community building (LinkTree, Discord, etc) News headlines that show how Revelation is true and my interpretation has been the most revealing and accurate. America's status as the bully of the world, even as it seems to fall apart (because the Beast reinvents itself in accordance with prophecy) Conspiracy of world's biggest banks using ESG credit system and the Green Agenda to conquer countries and dictate daily life for billions Putin's condemnation of the West perfectly illustrates the “Image of the Beast” and “the “Mark of the Beast” from Revelation without realizing it Central American leader condemns Catholic Church for its imperialist violence and tyranny Recommendation of a book that teaches how American imperialism is directly connected to the Roman Catholic Church, South America, the drug trade, and the world of international finance A challenge to my listeners to help out my YouTube content Correction: In the podcast I refer to Nicaragua as a South American country, when it is actually Central American. If you have any feedback, questions, or praise, I'd love to see your comments.

The Bake Down - Bake Off Reviewed
Chocolate and Chilli and Corn, Oh My!

The Bake Down - Bake Off Reviewed

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 5, 2022 61:21 Very Popular


It's week 4 in the tent and we have the first of this season's international themes: Mexican week! The 10 remaining bakers brought their favourite Central American flavours to the gingham alter, as they were asked to bake Pan Dulces, Corn Tortilla Tacos and Tres Leches Cakes. With the potential of two eliminations looming and the promise of 'star baker' only a few challenges away, it was all to play for as the bakers brought all the sweet and spicy flavours to this week's competition. Join Howard, Dan, Jane and Sarah as they discuss Mexican week.We are still having great fun hosting regular online baking classes every weekend and this year we are offering a virtual class of either the signature or the technical challenge EVERY SUNDAY at 5pm UK following each episode.We have over 35 other virtual classes on sale now for you to enjoy and learn from the comfort of your own home. The classes are great fun and if you use the code PODCAST at checkout you'll get 10% off, whilst gift vouchers and bundle packs are also available. You can check out our online baking classes on our website.*** If you enjoyed this podcast please do leave us a review, it'll help ensure more Bake Off fans find us and would be a huge motivation for to keep making these podcasts for you. Please note we're not affiliated to the show itself or Love Productions, but we're huge fans of their work.*** Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.

The Happiest Plate on Earth
Episode 167: Adventures by Disney - Costa Rica, Trip Report with Sandy S.

The Happiest Plate on Earth

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2022 77:54


Pura Vida Happy Platers!On show #160 Ryan gave us an overview of his amazing ABD tour of Italy, his review made each one of us add this to our “must travel” list.  We were excited to learn that one of our Happy Platers, Sandy Symianick, recently returned from an exciting ABD tour of Costa Rica!  And even better, Sandy is joining us at the table today to share her experience and give us more insight into all that an ABD tour encompasses.  Adventures by Disney tour description - “This tour promises to unveil the mysteries of nature at its most beautiful as you explore the verdant rainforest, breathtaking coastline, rugged mountains, and exotic wildlife of this Central American paradise on the Adventures by Disney Costa Rica family vacation.” Join us as we talk about the food, ziplining, waterfalls, and refreshing hot springs! You can find Sandy on these social media sites: IG - @themagicfamilytravelFB - sandysymSandy is also featured on and is a producer for the My DVC Points Podcast, check them out here - https://mydvcpoints.com/podcasts/*Now Taking Reservations for the Chef's Table on our private Facebook Page called "The Happy Platers* make sure you head over to the new Facebook group and join us at the table where we can discuss in-depth our Disney Dining tales.  We are very excited to have the opportunity to interact more with our Happy Platers and hear your thoughts on all things Disney Food.  Click here to join: HAPPY PLATERSPlease visit our webpage: www.happiestplate.comInstagram: @happiestplateonearthFacebook: www.facebook.com/groups/happyplatersTwitter: @HappyPlateEarthEmail: dining@happiestplate.com

Realms of Memory
Memories of Civil War in El Salvador

Realms of Memory

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 4, 2022 53:46


Over a decade of civil war tore apart the tiny Central American nation of El Salvador.  Throughout the 1980s the United States poured billions of dollars into the conflict to stop the spread of communism in Central America.  Beyond the massive loss of life and even greater human displacement, deathsquads and special military units massacred, tortured, and disappeared civilian populations caught in the crossfire.  When a peace agreement was finally reached in 1992, all sides agreed to a general amnesty.  There would be no trials, no effort to identify the perpetrators of human rights abuses or war crimes.  Yet beginning in the 1990s, El Salvador experienced an unprecedented outpouring of personal accounts of the war from the former participants.  Furman University historian Erik Ching, author of Stories of Civil War in El Salvador: A Battle Over Memory, tells us what we can learn from these accounts about the civil war and those who fought it.  

North Star Journey
Radio program reaches out to Latinos living ‘between worlds'

North Star Journey

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 3:51


Tucked away in a corner office at COPAL Minnesota, Francisco Segovia and Claudia Lainez talk with their guest about the show they're about to record. Segovia and Lainez co-host Radio Jornalera's show Entre Mundos — Between Worlds. Their guest, Rita Robles, is returning to Mexico, and so they are pre-taping the following week's show. Robles, who works for Alianza Americas in Mexico, will be discussing forced migration. Radio Jornalera began airing in Minnesota in October 2020. But has its roots in Pasadena, Calif. It's part of a network that spans the country as well as El Salvador and Guatemala. And it began as a way to get information out to day laborers, so they could know their rights and know who to turn to for help when needed, Segovia said. He said the network reached out to COPAL to see if they were interested in opening a station in Minnesota. Ben Hovland | MPR News The door to Radio Jornalera's recording studio is seen in Minneapolis on Sept. 8. Lainez said each station focuses on issues that are relevant to the area they're in. “I believe that many of the issues we deal with, not only on Entre Mundos, but on the other programs, are meant for the community to be informed about what is going on,” Lainez said. She worked at Radio Jornalera in Pasadena before moving to Minnesota. Lainez said they would discuss policy issues that impact immigrants and their children — like DACA and TPS.  And during the pandemic, being able to share information through Radio Jornalera was vital. “And we saw at that time that Radio Jornalera was like a vehicle that allowed us to reach many people through an app or through the programs on Facebook,” Lainez said. Entre Mundos is just one of seven programs aired on Radio Jornalera Minnesota Monday through Friday —  including a daily program that airs from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m. on weekdays. Ben Hovland | MPR News Radio controller Mike Castillo prepares to record Radio Jornalera's latest episode at COPAL's offices in Minneapolis on Sept. 8. Currently Radio Jornalera Minnesota and its various programs can be heard live by downloading the app. Segovia said in the future they hope to have a podcast where the different shows can be available. The idea behind Entre Mundos is that many people, especially immigrants, live in dual worlds, Segovia said. It's especially true of first-generation immigrants who often don't feel they're from here or their native country, he said. "Our homes are those dual worlds and our children also live in those dual worlds. So those are identities that we have to live with every day. Sometimes we'll say I'm from Minnesota, or I'm Salvadoran, or what am I?  So we live in those worlds and we move between those worlds,” Segovia said. This is why they do shows focused on topics such as transnational issues, he said. For example, the show with Robles focused on how factors like climate change force people to leave their homes. But the show's topics also touch on issues closer to home. Ben Hovland | MPR News Show guest Rita Robles (center) laughs with co-hosts Claudia Lainez (left) and Francisco Segovia during a taping in Minneapolis on Sept. 8. They also make sure the issues and voices they cover reflect all the different ethnicities within the Latino community. "So I think in this sense the diversity of voices we have on this radio reflects our community,” Segovia said.  “We have Central American voices, Mexican voices, voices from various countries. It's the intention that people can hear themselves.” Vicki Adame covers Minnesota's Latino communities for MPR News via Report for America, a national service program that places journalists into local newsrooms to report on undercovered issues and communities.

Central American Voices
Episode #52 - Central American TikTok II

Central American Voices

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 3, 2022 75:47


This week we continue talking about the Central American side of TikTok with Anthony Guevara, a Honduran Salvadoran content creator from Virginia that focuses on Latin America education with humor.Guest:Anthony GuevaraIG https://www.instagram.com/itonyvara/TikTok https://www.tiktok.com/@varatonyCentral American CreatorsJeisy https://www.tiktok.com/@jeybenz13Tally https://www.tiktok.com/@tally.dilbertSky https://www.tiktok.com/@cielitto1Vanessa https://www.tiktok.com/@cutcreaserAndrea https://www.tiktok.com/@dreaathebAnayka https://www.tiktok.com/@anaykashe Zee https://www.tiktok.com/@themightyz0Afro Colectiva https://www.tiktok.com/@afrocolectivaLanguage/Idioma:English / SpanishSupport Central American Voices Podcast:Become a Patreon: www.patreon.com/centamvoicespodcastDonate to CAVP: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/donateDonate to our Scholarship https://linktr.ee/CentAmVoicesPodcastForms: Guest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/guest-formRequest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/topicguest-requestYouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJrKk4bCVp6ae1XCkK-9YwASocial MediaWebsite: www.centralamericanvoices.comInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/centamvoicespodcast/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/centamvoicespodcastTwitter: https://twitter.com/centamvoicespodHost Alejandra's IG: https://www.instagram.com/aalquiroz/

First Class Fatherhood
#639 Craig Morgan

First Class Fatherhood

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 28, 2022 23:52


Episode 639 - Craig Morgan is a First Class Father, US Army Veteran and Country Music Star.  Craig has had many chart hits, including "That's What I Love About Sunday", which spent four weeks at the top of the Billboard country charts.  Other Billboard top ten hits include: "Almost Home", "Redneck Yacht Club", "Little Bit of Life", "International Harvester", "Love Remembers", and "Bonfire".  Craig has a new memoir available now titled GOD, FAMILY, COUNTRY: Soldier, Singer, Husband, Dad—There's a Whole Lot More to Me.  In the book, Craig opens up about his time as an elite military operator, teaming with the CIA and more to parachute into the Central American jungle, bust up human trafficking rings in Thailand, and even run a cover operation in Iraq at the height of his career. In this Episode, Craig shares his Fatherhood journey which includes five children.  He describes his transition out of the military and into the world of Country Music.  He discusses his faith, the fatherless crisis and the need for more patriotism in America.  He talks about the tragic loss of his son and how he opens up about it in his new book GOD, FAMILY, COUNTRY.  He offers some great advice for new or soon-to-be Dads and more! God, Family, Country: A Memoir https://a.co/d/6D4n6vK FamilyMade - https://familymade.com First Class Fatherhood: Advice and Wisdom from High-Profile Dads - https://bit.ly/36XpXNp Watch First Class Fatherhood on YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCCD6cjYptutjJWYlM0Kk6cQ?sub_confirmation=1 More Ways To Listen - https://linktr.ee/alec_lace Follow me on instagram - https://instagram.com/alec_lace?igshid=ebfecg0yvbap For information about becoming a Sponsor of First Class Fatherhood please hit me with an email: FirstClassFatherhood@gmail.com

Scam Economy
31: One Year of Bukele's Bitcoin Law: Chaos in El Salvador (w/ Domingo Flores)

Scam Economy

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 24, 2022 76:43 Very Popular


This month marks the one year anniversary of El Salvador's historic Bitcoin Law, cementing the Central American country the very first country to mark the cryptocurrency as legal tender. So, how's it going? Not good! Salvadoran infosec specialist Domingo Flores joins Scam Economy with Matt Binder to discuss the turmoil the country has faced in recent months, thanks to its Bitcoin-loving President Nayib Bukele. We discuss the protests, the mass arrests, Bukele's suspension of the constitution in order to run for re-election, the alleged "troll center" being run to by the Bukele regime to spread disinformation and harass dissidents, plus...Bukele keeps using El Salvador's money to invest in Bitcoin...or is he? Visit http://www.ScamEconomy.com Support the show: http://www.patreon.com/mattbinder

The President's Daily Brief
September 22nd, 2022. Russia Escalates War, Calls for More Troops.

The President's Daily Brief

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2022 22:18 Very Popular


It's September 22nd. You're listening to the President's Daily Brief. Your morning intel starts now. ------ Russia has announced a major escalation in its War in Ukraine, with hundreds of thousands of new troops mobilized. I've got those details — plus three things that you should be watching for. As always, I'm keeping an eye out for developing stories. Put these two on your radar. First, some bad news for Dirty Green Energy. An industrial battery in California caught on fire, a highway shut down, people locked inside their homes. Some important lessons, coming up.  Second, the Biden Administration committed $200M to Central American countries yesterday for humanitarian purposes. Bad timing, though: a former first lady in Honduras was just convicted for stealing the same. And finally, the last thing before I let you go. A listener question about another former US military general comparing conservatives in this country to Nazis. We'll discuss it. ------ Please remember to subscribe if you enjoyed this episode of the President's Daily Brief. Email: PDB@TheFirstTV.com Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Hands Off My Podcast: True Crime
Ep20: Part One - Hispanic Heritage, Tu sin nombre (Our Nameless)

Hands Off My Podcast: True Crime

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 22, 2022 29:38


Part One: I will talk about open cases of the Ventura County Jane Doe, Broadway Street Phoenix Jane Doe, Kilgore Jane Doe, Kings County Jane Doe, Tempe Girl,  and Tom Green County John Doe.UNIDENTIFED:   In honor of National Hispanic Heritage Month, DNA Doe Project is putting the spotlight on our Hispanic, Latinx, and Indigenous John and Jane Does. I wanted to bring their stories to the forefront, even though this is just a handful or thousands that are unidentified or tu sin Nombre on the NAMUS website. Let alone, there is a whole other list of people that are considered unclaimed. I hope to talk about their stories in the near future. These cases are special - they present numerous challenges to the teams working on them, and they highlight important social justice issues. The DNA Doe Project, a national nonprofit that seeks to identify John and Jane Does using genetic genealogy and is hoping to help identify them and let them rest with their grieving families. These are their stories….IF YOU HAVE ANY INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:(Click on the name of Jane /John Does below)LOST LOVE ONE:Ventura County Jane Doe: This Jane Doe was a victim of serial killer Wilson Choust in 1980. She was pregnant at the time of her death and although the father of her fetus has been identified, he was not able to provide any clues to her identity. Her DNA matches indicate she is of Latin American descent with matches from Mexico, California, New Mexico, Texas, and may even have a distant ancestor from the UK or Ireland.Broadway Street Phoenix Jane Doe: This Jane Doe was a hit-and-run victim killed in Phoenix in 2004. Her DNA matches indicate she had close family in Calvillo, Aguascalientes, Mexico.Kilgore Jane Doe: aka Gregg County Jane Doe: Kilgore Jane Doe was found in 2000 in Kilgore, Texas. Her DNA demonstrates high indigenous admixture and her DNA matches are extremely distant. She may be from Central or South America.Kings County Jane Doe: An unidentified woman was found in 2015 wrapped in a tarp and dumped in a canal bank. She was likely elderly and may have been bedridden. Her DNA matches indicate she is of Latin American Descent.Tempe Girl: Tempe Girl passed away from an apparent drug overdose in 2002. A witness who was with her at the time of her death indicated that the young girl was a Spanish speaker and had reported being estranged from her family. Tempe Girl's DNA matches indicate she may be Peruvian and Mexican.Tom Green County John Doe: Also known as "White Socks" for the garments worn by the decedent. His DNA matches are very distant and indicate he may be Colombian or Central American.EDUCATE/SUPPORT/DONATE: EDUCATE: HISPANIC HERITAGE MONTH 2022 |  National Hispanic American Heritage Month 2022 (hispanicheritagemonth.gov) SUPPORT: GEDmatch https://www.gedmatch.com/, “Selfie Forensic ID” App http://onelink.to/selfieforensic, Child Safe Kit® https://www.childsafekit.com/  ARTICLES/SOURCES:Selfie identification app as a forensic tool for missing and unidentified persons | The National Center for Biotechnology | 018 May-Aug | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344790/ SHOUTOUT: THANK YOU!!  DNA Doe Project https://dnadoeproject.org/ PATREON SHOUTOUT:Kat K. Member as of April 20, 2022GpfW9H9lKKX4z2ZRia1l ★ Support this podcast on Patreon ★

Central American Voices
Episode #51 - Central American TikTok

Central American Voices

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2022 32:43


Tiktok, in the latest year, has been one of those platforms that people have used to share various topics and interests. Today we talk with Andrea Beltrami about the Central American side of Tiktok.Guest:Andrea Beltrami IG https://www.instagram.com/dreaabb/TikTok https://www.tiktok.com/@dreaathebLanguage/Idioma:English Support Central American Voices Podcast:Become a Patreon: www.patreon.com/centamvoicespodcastDonate to CAVP: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/donateDonate to our Scholarship https://linktr.ee/CentAmVoicesPodcastForms: Guest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/guest-formRequest Form: https://www.centralamericanvoices.com/topicguest-requestYouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJrKk4bCVp6ae1XCkK-9YwASocial MediaWebsite: www.centralamericanvoices.comInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/centamvoicespodcast/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/centamvoicespodcastTwitter: https://twitter.com/centamvoicespodHost Alejandra's IG: https://www.instagram.com/aalquiroz/

CommonSpirit Sacred Stories
Our Central American Patient

CommonSpirit Sacred Stories

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2022 4:13


Sacred Stories | Our Central American Patient “Care of the sick must rank above and before all else, so that they may truly be served as Christ, for he said, ‘I was sick and you visited me' (Matt 25:36)” and, “What you did for one of these least ones you did for me” (Matt. 25:40).” – Rule of St. Benedict, Chapter 36 A few years ago, a very special patient appeared at our hospital. When he first came, he was weak and his voice was raspy, but he had a story to tell. It was a story of pain and near defeat, but it was also a story of help and hope. The patient told us he had known for a long time that something was wrong. “I went to doctor after doctor and emergency room after emergency room, and it was always the same,” he said. “I would wait for hours, and they would tell me that nothing was wrong. They wouldn't listen to my questions or try to help me. All they saw was another Central American who didn't speak much English. After weeks, I begged God to take away the pain or let me die.” Just as the patient reached the end of his rope, a friend took him to another doctor. That doctor told the patient he was very sick with cancer and needed to get to a hospital right away. “I was afraid to go to another hospital,” he said. “I thought they would make me wait for hours only to tell me to leave. But my friend told me he was going to take me to his hospital, and they would take care of me.” Tears shone in his eyes as a smile wrapped around his face. “The doctors and nurses care for me here. They listen to me and answer my questions. They take time with me and help me understand what is going on. I can feel this is a Christian place, a place where God is served, because of the way I am served.” During the course of the following year, we continued to care for this special patient as he battled his cancer. We helped the patient and his family through the maze of paperwork needed for documentation and insurance, and provided spiritual support. We came to know and love this gentle man and his young family. Unfortunately, despite our best efforts and prayers, the oncologist reached the end of treatment options and the patient was discharged home with hospice care. I went to see the patient one last time before he left the hospital. Weak from the long struggle with cancer, he had a message to share: “Please tell everyone thank you and that I am praying for them,” he said. “Thank God for this hospital!” Yes, thank God for a place where all are treated with compassion and excellence; where everyone is encouraged to look beyond the readily apparent to see the face of God in those we serve. May we always serve all who come here as if we are serving God. Submitted by Betsy Kammerdiener From the Sacred Stories Archive Questions for Reflection This patient said he could “feel that this is… a place where God is served by the way I am served.” How can you serve God in your role? What do you think gets in the way of serving others “as if we are serving God?” How can we encourage and support one another in doing that? Share this Story Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare by Mail Listen to more Sacred Stories The Gift of CitizenshipJuly 1, 2020/by adminOur Famous PatientJuly 1, 2020/by adminFulfilling a Last RequestAugust 1, 2020/by adminThe Power of Being PresentAugust 1, 2020/by adminA Celebrated FarewellSeptember 1, 2020/by adminGod's Perfect TimingSeptember 1, 2020/by adminGod's Presence in GriefSeptember 28, 2020/by adminCompassion in ActionSeptember 28, 2020/by adminEncourage One AnotherOctober 26, 2020/by adminThe Door is OpenOctober 26, 2020/by adminRestoring the SoulNovember 16, 2020/by adminSacred Stories, Sacred GroundNovember 16, 2020/by adminOur Christmas GiftNovember 30, 2020/by adminMessages Placed in My PathJanuary 8, 2021/by adminBeyond WordsFebruary 1, 2021/by adminCare In the Time of COVID-19March 1, 2021/by adminPrayer of Surrender at the End of LifeMarch 8,

Bloomberg Crypto
El Salvador's Bitcoin Gamble, One Year Later

Bloomberg Crypto

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 19:28 Very Popular


It's been one year since El Salvador adopted Bitcoin as legal tender. In September 2021, the Central American nation forged its own path as the first in the world to make the crypto currency an official part of their economy. According to tweets and statements from President Nayib Bukele the government has bought more than 2,000 BTC so far.  So what's the problem? Well, many of those purchases were at or near market highs. Price declines mean that, at least on paper, El Salvador has lost more than half the value of those purchases so far. And surveys of both consumers and businesses show most people in the country just aren't using Bitcoin. Nonetheless, President Nayib Bukele and government officials are adamant that the nation's strategy has expanded financial services to a larger segment of the population and encouraged tourism.  What's the real story of Bitcoin in El Salvador?  Bloomberg reporter Mike McDonald joins this episode for more.See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

The CinemaMen Podcast
Predator(1987)

The CinemaMen Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 9, 2022 85:42


On this week's episode, we are reviewing the 1987 action/horror film Predator starring Arnold Schwarzenegger directed by John McTiernan! Intro IMDB Summary: A team of commandos on a mission in a Central American jungle find themselves hunted by an extraterrestrial warrior. Predator Review and Discussion ((~ 00:06:13) The Spice Awards ((~ 01:01:10) Best Actor Most Underrated Performance Favorite Scene Salt Award IMDB Wikipedia Rotten Tomatoes We'd be overjoyed if you subscribe to The CinemaMen Podcast and leave us a review on Apple Podcasts. Also head on over to https://cinemamenpodcast.com to check out new and old episodes. We always love to hear from listeners, so if you have a suggestion or just want to give us your take on a movie feel free to email us at feedback@cinemamenpodcast.com or check us out on Twitter at https://twitter.com/cinemamenpod. Support us monetarily (if you are able) at https://anchor.fm/cinemamenpodcast/support. --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/cinemamenpodcast/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/cinemamenpodcast/support

Latin Waves Media
Aviva Chomsky's latest book Central America's Forgotten History

Latin Waves Media

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 30, 2022 27:48


Latin Waves host Sylvia Richardson speaks with Dr. Aviva Chomsky, about the structured violence of empire. We are now in the grip of one of the worst economic crises in the history of modern capitalism. Millions displaced by hunger, military violence and ecological destruction that puts them in the eye of multiple storms. Aviva Chomsky's latest book: Central America's Forgotten History, answers the urgent question “How did we get here?” Centering the centuries-long intertwined histories of US expansion and Indigenous and Central American struggles against inequality and oppression. Consider Supporting the show by becoming a Member of Latin Waves https://latinwavesmedia.com/

I Am Attorney Jessica
EP19: Traveling While DACA Part 2: Profile of The First DACA Olympian, Luis Miguel Grijalva Morales

I Am Attorney Jessica

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 22, 2022 58:55


In June 2021 a young man who grew up in Northern California qualified in the World Championships in Oregon to run in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics in the 1500 meters.  That young man was Luis Miguel Grijalva Morales.  What transpired between that Monday in June and the end of July was nothing short of history.  It was life altering for Luis, his attorney Attorney Jessica Smith Bobadilla (host) and people all over the world.  Luis was the first DACA Olympian and required an advance parole permit to travel to Tokyo and return safely to the United States.  The media attention Luis attracted and the significance to the DACA and DREAMER community was nothing short of extraordinary.  In addition, the precedent was set for emergency advance parole for non medical/humanitarian emergencies a process that usually takes upward of five months to obtain a DACA travel permit if filed through the normal channels.   In this episode we discuss: 1) How Luis and Jessica connected to make history as attorney and client; 2) Luis' history with the sport and his childhood and history as a runner; 3) Luis' love of the sport of track and field and what he feels it has contributed to his life; 4) The impact of the victory for Luis in the Olympics making it to the finals and setting records for Guatemalan and Central American runners; 5) Luis' recent victory as 4th fastest in the world in the 1500 meters in Oregon in July 2022; 6) Luis' recent trip to Europe in June and plans to head back to Europe again in late August provided he is granted another permit to travel for more races; 7) Jessica's love of jogging and running as stress relief, leisure and preventative medicine: 8) What the future holds for Luis as an athlete and what he does in his spare time; 9) The special place Guatemala holds in Luis' heart and the love he and Jessica have received from the Guatemalan community in the country and abroad; 9) The impact of all the attention on his career and the significance of the media attention for the case. BIOGRAPHIES JESSICA SMITH BOBADILLA (HOST)  Jessica Smith Bobadilla is an attorney, podcast host, media commentator, former law professor and expert in immigration and human rights law and policy.  She is the attorney for today's guest, Luis Miguel Grijalva Morales and has represented immigrants and refugees from all over the United States in her 20 year career of practice in private firms, non-profits and law school teaching.  She can be reached through the podcast email at iamattorneyjessicapodcast@gmail.com or on Facebook or Instagram at I Am Attorney Jessica.  Her law firm website is http://www.attorneyjessica.com. LUIS MIGUEL GRIJALVA MORALES (GUEST) Luis Miguel Grijalva Morales was born in Guatemala and arrived in the United States when he was one year old.  He learned at a young age that he had a gift for running.  Following the rollout of the DACA program Luis obtained a scholarship to attend Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff, Arizona and joined the track team as part of his entry into university life.  Luis wants to expose others to track and field and running.  He recently took 4th place at the World Championships in Oregon in July 2022 following his ascension to the finals at the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games held in August 2021.  Luis can be contacted through the podcast at iamattornyjessicapodcast.com or on Facebook and Instagram at I Am Attorney Jessica.

Cashflow Ninja
740: Michael Cobb: How To Diversify Real Estate & Commodities Internationally

Cashflow Ninja

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 22, 2022 55:02


My guest in this episode is Mike Cobb. Mike is the co-founder & CEO of ECI Development and President of Gran Pacifica. He has been named among the “100 Outstanding CEOs in Central America” by leading Central American magazine Mercados & Tendencias. At the height of a successful career in the computer industry, Mr. Cobb left to pursue more pioneering opportunities in the emerging real estate markets of Central America. In 1996, he and his business partner formed a company, Exotic Caye International, to provide loans to North Americans purchasing properties in Belize, Honduras and throughout the region. As the need for capital outstripped the supply, the mortgage company was converted to an international bank under the jurisdiction of Belize. It continues to provide mortgage services but has expanded its services to encompass the full realm of financial products. Mr. Cobb also saw the need for a regional real estate company that would serve the Baby Boomer consumer with a North American standard product for the next 2 decades. He led the group into real estate development and created a holding company for several properties including a resort on Ambergris Caye, Belize. In August of 2000, Exotic Caye purchased 3.5 miles of Pacific Beachfront property due west of Managua, Nicaragua. This master-planned community hosts world-class infrastructure, homes and condominium units. In February of 2006, the ECI Development group acquired 1100 acres and 3 km of coastline in Costa Rica, setting the stage for expansion into this popular market. Most recently they merged their Belize property with a much larger parcel and have begun to develop 200 condominiums units on Ambergris Caye, Belize. Additionally, Michael has spoken at hundreds of international conferences about real estate financing and development. Interview Links: www.cashflowninja.com/teak www.cashflowninja.com/eci Episode Sponsors: Producers Wealth: Create Your Own Banking System In 30 Days Or Less www.producerswealth.com Pantheon Investments: Build holistic wealth to achieve financial freedom in any economy www.pantheoninvest.com GoBundance: The Tribe For Healthy, Wealthy, Generous Men Who Choose To Lead EPIC Lives www.gobundance.com The Real Asset Investor: Build Wealth With Higher Yield Cash Flow www.therealassetinvestor.com Penumbra Solutions: Buy Your Equity Like Institutions With Life Settlements www.thepenumbraplan.com  - password “penumbra” Producers Capital Partners: Multiply Capital Through Alternative Investments  www.producerscapitalpartners.com Lavish Keys: Your Turnkey Solution For Luxury Short Term Rentals www.lavishkeys.com Grab My Book: The 21 Best Cashflow Niches™: www.cashflowninja.com/21niches Programs: The Cashflow Ninja Cashflow Investors Club™: www.cashflowninja.com/club Your Own Banking System™ : www.yourownbankingsystem.com Your Own Family Office™: www.cashflowninja.com/familyoffice The Crypto Investing Method™: www.cashflowninja.com/crypto The Cashflow Creator Formula™: www.cashflowninja.com/creator The Cashflow Core Builder™: www.casflowninja.com/core The Cashflow Multiplier™: www.cashflowninja.com/multiplier The Cashflow Quantum™: www.cashflowninja.com/quantum Connect With Us: Website: http://cashflowninja.com Podcast: http://cashflowinvestingsecrets.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cashflowninja/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/mclaubscher Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thecashflowninja/ Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/mclaubscher/cashflow-ninja/ Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mclaubscher/ Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/c/Cashflowninja Bitchute: https://www.bitchute.com/channel/cashflowninja/ Rumble: https://rumble.com/c/c-329875 Odysee: https://odysee.com/@Cashflowninja:9 Gab Tv: https://tv.gab.com/channel/cashflowninja Brighteon: https://www.brighteon.com/channels/cashflowninja Parler: https://parler.com/profile/cashflowninja/ Gettr: https://gettr.com/user/mclaubscher Gab: https://gab.com/cashflowninja Minds: https://www.minds.com/cashflowninja Biggerpockets: https://www.biggerpockets.com/users/mclaubscher Medium: https://medium.com/@mclaubscher Substack: https://mclaubscher.substack.com/

Retro Grade Podcast
058 Predator (1987)

Retro Grade Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 21, 2022 136:50


“GET TO THE CHOPPER!“On this week's episode, we revisit the 1987 action/horror classic, Predator, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and directed by John McTiernan. This was an interesting film to revisit since both Austin and Jorge don't really have a deep connection to the film, having only seen it a few times each. But it seems that they are both in the minority, with everyone else saying that this is an absolute classic piece of cinema, going down with the some of the best action and horror films, alongside Alien, Halloween, Friday the 13th, and many more. But those the film actually hold up? Does the film deliver on all these promises and how well does it stack to other films of the same genre and decade. That's what we go over in this episode. We go over the similarities between this film and other great horror films, and how closely this movie uses those tropes to create an atmosphere of dread that soon the characters feel. And look at each of the characters, from Jesse Ventura's Blaine to Carl Weather's Dillon, and how they take up the role of classic horror archetypes, and how our favorite action hero, Arnold Schwarzenegger, is actually this film's version of the “Final Girl” trope, placing right up there with Jamie Lee Curtis, Neve Campbell, and Sigourney Weaver. But we also take about the action tropes that it uses, and how well does the film balance these genres out and whether the film masters both of them equally, or if it a bit one sided. Specifically, we look into the deaths of each character and whether we think those deaths are on par with classic horror kills, like to Johnny Depp's death in A Nightmare of Elm Street, and whether the deaths hold up.We talk about how difficult the production was on the entire cast and crew, including on the actors playing the title villain. Originally played by someone who would become very famous in the future, the actor would go on and talk about how difficult it was to play the villain in such a difficult environment that brough in extreme heat, difficult terrain to maneuver in, and a filming schedule that was brutal. We breakdown how difficult it was to place and operate a camera in this environment, just to give you an idea of how just aspect of filming was worsened by filming in the brutal jungle. From there we talk about how that actor was fired and replaced by Kevin Peter Hall, or as many people are familiar with him, Harry and the famous NBC show Harry and the Hendersons. Standing at over 7 feet tall, this change in actor and costume proved to be one of the best changes for the film, creating a creature that has stood the test of time and placed among the great villains in cinema history. We end the episode talking about the portrayal of the country the film takes place in, and how even though it might not have been intended, reflected the real history of the United State's involvement in Central American's politics during the cold war, and how that may have potentially been part of the inspiration for the 2022 Hulu film, Prey. Lastly, we talk about John McTiernan and the controversies he was wrapped in concerning and ex-wife and a producer on a future project. So sit back, relax, and enjoy this week's episode on PredatorMusic is from Triune Digital and audio clips pulled from movies we will be reviewing in other episodes.Artwork by @jannelle_o

Spilling La Sopa
Tu, Yo, y Los Planetas With Special Guest J. Castillo

Spilling La Sopa

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 18, 2022 73:04


Join your amigas for a discussion on los horoscopos de durango! JK. Join your amigas for a discussion on astrology, zodiac signs, and birth charts. In this episode, we discuss our experience with astrology and whether Walter Mercado was welcome into our childhood homes. To help us navigate the galaxy, we invited special guest J. Castillo, an Astrologer, from Starbeams Astro. J.Castillo is a Los Angeles, California born, Central American raised trans non-binary person of indegenous decent. J. guides us through our birth chart readings and sheds light on porque somos como somos. We talk about how planetary energy plays a role in romance, vocation, and family. To close, we talk about the planets in retrograde and what that really means… it's not just a meme peeps!*If you are interested in booking a birth chart reading with J. Castillo, check out their website at www.starbeamsastro.com or follow them on IG @starbeamsastro*Follow us on IG to put a face to the voices at @spillinglasopapodcast*We'd love to hear from you, email us at spillinglasopa@gmail.com *Music, Editing, and Production by eycH G. @beatfarmproductions www.beatfarmproductions.com

Voices of a Highway
Education on Buford Highway: Why do Latino/x Studies Matter?

Voices of a Highway

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 18, 2022 30:30


In this episode, Daisy Astudillo sits with Jonathan Peraza-Campos, a Central American educator, organizer, and researcher based in the Buford Highway corridor. This conversation is really about deconstructing and decolonizing the education system in the area, especially for Latino/x students. Jonathan shares with us what he believes is missing in education systems, what needs to change, and why it is important to move away from Eurocentric forms of education and towards a comprehensive, inclusive, and racially-conscious structure. If you are interested in better understanding the complexities of education for multicultural communities in the South, this is an episode for you. Please share and rate this podcast, it helps us a lot :)

Pod Sematary
249 - Predator (1987) & Prey (2022)

Pod Sematary

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 18, 2022 153:56


Get more at https://www.patreon.com/podsematary! Read our afterthoughts for this episode at https://twitter.com/PodSematary/status/1559333171828641795 CW: Homophobia, Harm to Animals It's Predator vs. Prey Week on Pod Sematary! Chris & Kelsey get to the choppah! The Classic Film: Predator (1987) "A team of commandos on a mission in a Central American jungle find themselves hunted by an extraterrestrial warrior” (IMDb.com). Crossover classic Predator is the best of both worlds: 80s Action and Killer Monster Horror. If you like both of these things, you'll enjoy Predator. If you don't like either... you'll still enjoy Predator. The Modern Film: Prey (2022) "Naru, a skilled warrior, fights to protect her tribe against one of the first highly-evolved Predators to land on Earth” (IMDb.com). Prey may lay... it on thick, but isn't that was Predator movies are for? Either way, it's still the best entry since the original. Audio Sources: "The Beginning: Making Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace" produced by Lucasfilm Ltd. "Coneheads" produced by Paramount Pictures "Hackers" produced by United Artists & Suftley "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" produced by Warner Bros., et al. "Predator" (1987) produced by Twentieth Century Fox, et al. "Prey" (2022) produced by 20th Century Studios & Davis Entertainment "Showdown" written by Jeff Lynne and performed by the Electric Light Orchestra "Terminator 2: Judgment Day" produced by Carolco Pictures, et al. "Voice of Optimus Prime is also The Predator (vocalizations by Peter Cullen)" via TFcon @ https://youtu.be/gpjhI-eRE6c

Crossing Continents
After the ‘Narco-President': Rebuilding Hope in Honduras

Crossing Continents

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 11, 2022 28:59


When the president stands accused of drug trafficking, what hope is there? From 2014, for eight years Juan Orlando Hernandez ruled Honduras like his personal fiefdom. A Central American strongman comparable with some of the worst from decades past, under his presidency Honduras began a rapid descent into a so-called “narco-state”. The allegations against his government soon started to mount up: human rights violations, corruption and impunity; accusations of torture and extrajudicial killings by the police and military. And at its heart, the claim by US prosecutors of a multi-million dollar drug smuggling ring, overseen from the presidential palace itself. Just weeks after he left power in January 2022, Juan Orlando Hernandez was arrested and extradited to the US to face drug trafficking charges. American prosecutors allege he used his security forces to protect some drugs shipments and eliminate competitors. Will Grant, the BBC's Central America Correspondent, finds out what life was like under the disgraced president and meets some people trying to instil a little hope in a nation which hasn't had any for a long time. He meets Norma, the mother of Keyla Martinez, who was killed in a police cell. Initially, the police said she had killed herself but hospital reports later proved this wasn't the case. Now, can Norma Martinez's campaign for justice bring a sense of hope to those who don't trust the authorities and have endured years of rampant corruption and police impunity? Producer: Phoebe Keane Fixer in Honduras: Renato Lacayo

The Documentary Podcast
After the ‘Narco-President': Rebuilding Hope in Honduras

The Documentary Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 10, 2022 28:06


When the president stands accused of drug trafficking, what hope is there? From 2014, for eight years Juan Orlando Hernandez ruled Honduras like his personal fiefdom. A Central American strongman comparable with some of the worst from decades past, under his presidency Honduras began a rapid descent into a so-called “narco-state”. The allegations against his government soon started to mount up: human rights violations, corruption and impunity; accusations of torture and extrajudicial killings by the police and military. And at its heart, the claim by US prosecutors of a multi-million dollar drug smuggling ring, overseen from the presidential palace itself. Just weeks after he left power in January 2022, Juan Orlando Hernandez was arrested and extradited to the US to face drug trafficking charges. American prosecutors allege he used his security forces to protect some drugs shipments and eliminate competitors. Will Grant, the BBC's Central America Correspondent, finds out what life was like under the disgraced president and meets some people trying to instil a little hope in a nation which hasn't had any for a long time. He meets Norma, the mother of Keyla Martinez, who was killed in a police cell. Initially, the police said she had killed herself but hospital reports later proved this wasn't the case. Now, can Norma Martinez's campaign for justice bring a sense of hope to those who don't trust the authorities and have endured years of rampant corruption and police impunity? Producer: Phoebe Keane Fixer in Honduras: Renato Lacayo

The Great America Show with Lou Dobbs
THE DRUG CARTELS NOW HAVE COMPLETE OPERATIONAL CONTROL OF OUR SOUTHERN BORDER

The Great America Show with Lou Dobbs

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 1, 2022 36:55


It feels like we're at war, ambushed every day by the radical left. It's not just gov't coming at us, it's Disney, big tech, corporations, sports, even elementary schools. So much more coming at us than 15 years ago. The state of the nation is dying and quickly. Majority of illegals are Central American, Russian, Ukraine, Yemen and China, terrorists on the watch list crossing the border. And the world laughs at Biden's weakness. Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping are seizing their opportunities while Biden begs Saudi Arabia and Venezuela for oil.   GUEST: ABE HAMADEH, ARIZONA ATTORNEY GENERAL        CANDIDATE

Midnight Train Podcast
Crazy Sting Operations

Midnight Train Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 29, 2022 140:13


www.patreon.com/accidentaldads for bonus content and to support the show AND The Save The Music Foundation!   Top police stings   A sting operation is a deceitful operation used by law enforcement to apprehend criminals in the act of trying to commit a crime. In order to obtain proof of a suspect's misconduct, a typical sting involves an undercover law enforcement officer, investigator, or cooperative member of the public acting as a criminal partner or prospective victim and cooperating with a suspect's activities. Journalists for the mass media occasionally use sting operations to film and disseminate footage of illegal conduct.   Sting procedures are prevalent in many nations, including the United States, but are prohibited in others, like Sweden and France. Certain sting operations are prohibited, such as those carried out in the Philippines where it is against the law for police enforcement to act as drug traffickers in order to catch purchasers of illegal substances.   Examples   Offering free sports or airline tickets to lure fugitives out of hiding. Deploying a bait car (also called a honey trap) to catch a car thief Setting up a seemingly vulnerable honeypot computer to lure and gain information about hackers Arranging for someone under the legal drinking age to ask an adult to buy an alcoholic beverage or tobacco products for them Passing off weapons or explosives (whether fake or real), to a would-be terrorist Posing as: someone who is seeking illegal drugs, contraband, or child pornography, to catch a supplier (or as a supplier to catch a customer) a child in a chat room to identify a potential online child predator a potential customer of illegal prostitution, or as a prostitute to catch a would-be customer a hitman to catch customers and solicitors of murder-for-hire; or as a customer to catch a hitman a spectator of an illegal dogfighting ring a documentary film crew to lure a pirate to the country where a crime was committed.   Whether sting operations constitute entrapment raises ethical questions. Law enforcement might have to be careful not to incite someone who wouldn't have otherwise committed a crime to do so. Additionally, while conducting such operations, the police frequently commit the same crimes, like purchasing or selling narcotics, enticing prostitutes, etc. The defendant may raise the entrapment defense in common law jurisdictions.   Contrary to common belief, however, laws against entrapment do not forbid undercover police personnel from pretending to be criminals or deny that they are police officers. Entrapment is normally only a defense when suspects are coerced into confessing to a crime they probably would not have otherwise committed. However, the legal meaning of this coercion differs widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Entrapment might be used as a defense, for instance, if undercover agents forced a possible suspect to manufacture illicit narcotics in order to sell them. Entrapment has often not taken place if a suspect is already producing narcotics and authorities pretend as purchasers to apprehend them.   Operation Entebbe The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) commandos successfully carried out Operation Entebbe or Operation Thunderbolt, a counterterrorism hostage-rescue mission, at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on July 4, 1976. A week earlier, on June 27, two members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - External Operations (PFLP-EO) (who had previously split from the PFLP of George Habash) and two members of the German Revolutionary Cells hijacked an Air France Airbus A300 jet airliner carrying 248 passengers. The declared goal of the hijackers was to trade the hostages for the release of 13 detainees in four other countries and the release of 40 Palestinian terrorists and related prisoners who were detained in Israel. The flight, which had left Tel Aviv for Paris, was rerouted after a stopover in Athens through Benghazi to Entebbe, the country of Uganda's principal airport. The ruler Idi Amin, who had been made aware of the hijacking from the start[10], encouraged the hijackers and personally greeted them. The hijackers confined all Israelis and a few non-Israeli Jews into a separate room after transferring all captives from the plane to a deserted airport facility.  148 captives who were not Israelis were freed and taken to Paris over the course of the next two days. Ninety-four passengers—mostly Israelis—and the 12-person Air France crew were held captive and threatened with execution.  Based on information from the Israeli intelligence service Mossad, the IDF took action. If the demands for the release of the prisoners were not granted, the hijackers threatened to murder the hostages. The preparation of the rescue effort was prompted by this threat. These strategies included getting ready for armed opposition from the Uganda Army. It was a nighttime operation. For the rescue mission, Israeli transport planes flew 100 commandos to Uganda over a distance of 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles). The operation took 90 minutes to complete after a week of planning. Out of the 106 captives still held, 102 were freed, and three were murdered. In a hospital, the second captive was later slain. Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu, the unit leader, was one of the five injured Israeli commandos. Netanyahu was Benjamin Netanyahu's elder sibling and the future Israeli prime minister. Eleven Soviet-built MiG-17s and MiG-21s of the Ugandan air force were destroyed, and all five hijackers and forty-five Ugandan troops were killed. Idi Amin gave the command to attack and kill Kenyans living in Uganda after the operation because Kenyan sources supported Israel. 245 Kenyans in Uganda were killed as a consequence, and 3,000 left the nation. In honor of Yonatan Netanyahu, the commander of the force, Operation Entebbe, which had the military codename Operation Thunderbolt, is occasionally referred to retroactively as Operation Jonathan.   Operation Valkyrie Senior Nazi military officers and Adolf Hitler convened in the Wolf's Lair in Rastenburg, Eastern Prussia, on July 20, 1944. Hitler's body was discovered scattered across the table as the Nazi military chiefs sat down to plan troop deployments on the Eastern Front when an explosion burst through the steamy meeting room. With the Führer's death, the Nazi threat to Europe could have been lifted. or so it seems at first.   Claus von Stauffenberg and his accomplices believed they had turned the course of World War II and maybe saved thousands of extra lives for a brief period of time in history. The July Plot, also known as Operation Valkyrie, was the most famous attempt to have Hitler killed, although it was ultimately unsuccessful for a variety of reasons, some of which are still unknown to this day. The July Plot Is Hatched Many Germans, including some of the country's top military figures, had begun to lose faith in Germany's ability to win the war by the summer of 1944. Hitler was widely held responsible for ruining Germany. The Wolfsschanze was one of Hitler's military headquarters. A number of prominent politicians and senior military figures devised a plan to murder the Führer by detonating a bomb at a conference there in order to spark political unification and a coup. Operation Valkyrie was the name of the strategy. The plan was that after Hitler's death, the military would assert that the murder was the result of a Nazi Party coup attempt, and the Reserve Army would take significant buildings in Berlin and detain senior Nazi figures. Carl Friedrich Goerdeler would become Germany's new chancellor, and Ludwig Beck would become its first president. The new administration wanted to negotiate a peaceful conclusion to the war, ideally with benefits for Germany. The main conspirators' motives varied, according to Philipp Freiherr Von Boeselager, one of the last remaining participants in the July Plot. Many of them only saw it as a means of avoiding military defeat, while others hoped to at least partially restore some of the nation's morals. They chose Claus von Stauffenberg, a young colonel in the German army, to carry out the assassination. Despite not being a member of the Nazi party in the traditional sense, Stauffenberg was a devoted German patriot. In the end, he came to think that if Germany was to be saved, it was his patriotic duty to expel Adolf Hitler. Hitler, though, had experienced assassination attempts before. Assassination attempts against Hitler had been more frequent since his spectacular ascent to the top of Germany's political scene in the late 1930s. Hitler, who was becoming more and more paranoid, frequently altered his plans without warning and at the last minute. What Went Wrong Stauffenberg entered the bunker at Wolfsschanze on July 20, 1944. The conference was planned to take place in a concrete, windowless subterranean bunker that was closed off by a large steel door. By making sure it happened within one of these facilities, the detonation would be confined and anyone nearby the explosive device would die quickly from the shrapnel. The conference was moved to an above-ground wooden bunker with better air circulation on July 20 due to the oppressively hot weather, according to Pierre Galante's Operation Valkyrie: The German Generals' Plot Against Hitler. Numerous windows, a wooden table, and other beautiful furniture were all present in the area, which meant that the potential explosion would be much diminished since the energy of the blast would be absorbed and diffused. Stauffenberg was aware that this was the case, but he nonetheless proceeded, assuming that two explosives would be sufficient to destroy the room and kill everyone within. Stauffenberg excused himself when he arrived, saying that he needed to change his clothing, and went to a private room. The two explosives needed to be armed and primed. However, he only had time to arm one of the two devices due to an unexpected phone call and a quick knock at his door. Thus, the possibility of a greater blast was cut in half. Stauffenberg realized that in order to cause any kind of harm, the explosive device needed to be placed as near to Hitler as possible. He was able to get a seat as near to Hitler as possible with only one other person between them by claiming that his hearing was impaired due to his wounds. Placing the bag as near to Hitler as possible, Stauffenberg then left the room pretending to take a personal call. The briefcase was accidentally shifted to the opposite side of a large wooden leg that was supporting the meeting room table as another official was taking a seat. The Aftermath Panic broke out after the device exploded at precisely 12:42 pm. Twenty individuals were hurt, including three cops who subsequently died from their injuries, and a stenographer was instantaneously murdered. Stauffenberg and his assistant Werner von Haeften leapt into a staff car and bluffed their way past three different military checkpoints to flee the mayhem at the Wolfsschanze complex because they believed that Hitler was indeed dead. Hitler, however, along with everyone else who was protected by the large wooden table leg, only suffered a few minor cuts and an eardrum perforation. He had fully torn-up pants, and the Nazi leadership would subsequently utilize pictures of them in a propaganda effort. Ian Kershaw, a historian, claims that during the explosion, contradictory news concerning Hitler's fate came. In spite of the disarray, the Reserve Army started detaining senior Nazi officials in Berlin. The entire scheme, however, was eventually thwarted by delays, unclear communication, and the announcement that Hitler was still alive. The conspirators were all given the death penalty in a hastily called court martial the same evening by General Friedrich Fromm. In the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, a makeshift firing squad murdered Stauffenberg, von Haeften, Olbricht, and another officer, Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim, while Ludwig Beck committed himself. At Berlin's Plötzensee jail, Berthold Stauffenberg was gently strangled while the incident was being recorded for Hitler to see. Hitler's life was ultimately saved that day by a number of interrelated reasons, but the conspirators were right that Germany was headed for disaster. Less than a year later, the Nazi leader and his closest advisers committed suicide. Operation Iceman Ever wonder what its like working undercover with an alleged murderer? Well, let's just say it's not hard to get a stuffy nose around this case… In fact, serial killer Richard Kuklinski's preferred method of murder involved using a nasal spray bottle to spritz cyanide into the faces of his victims. As a result, undercover agent Dominick Polifrone was never more on guard than during the 18 months he spent building a case against the so-called Iceman. “No matter where I went with him, I wore this leather jacket with a pocket sewn inside containing a small-caliber weapon,” recalls Polifrone, who gained his target's confidence and taped dozens of their conversations. “I knew that I was somewhere on his hit list. If he'd pulled out that nasal spray, I'd have to protect myself.” The streetwise New Jersey officer acquired enough proof before Kuklinski had suspicions, preventing that situation from occurring. Finally, the enormous 6-foot-4 gangland killer was apprehended thanks to his evidence. “I've met hundreds of bad guys, but Kuklinski was a totally different type of individual,” he tells The Post. “He was coldhearted — ice-cold like the devil. He had no remorse about anything.”  Kuklinski was captured by Polifrone in a combined operation between the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms and the office of the New Jersey attorney general. The criminal, who was a leading suspect in the murder of a mobster whose body was found two years after his disappearance, was posing as a respectable businessman residing in suburban Dumont, New Jersey. The reason the medical examiners discovered ice in the muscle tissue was because Kuklinski, who earned his notoriety for frequently freezing the bodies of his victims and then defrosting them, erred that time. Police made an indirect connection between the deceased man and Kuklinski, who was charged with a number of previous homicides.  “We had to get something nobody knew,” recalls Polifrone. The sting only appears briefly on screen in the film. In order to gain Kuklinski's trust, Polifrone, a resident of Hackensack, New Jersey, pretended to be a "bad person" for a whole year and a half. They met in parks and rest areas along highways and discussed the horrific killings Kuklinski had carried out, including a Mafia hit in Detroit for which he was paid $65,000. Additionally, there were "statement killings." To put a dead canary in the mouth of a victim as a warning to other victims, one mafia leader paid him extra. Another occasion, Kuklinski made light of the fact that he saw a gang member consume an entire cheeseburger laced with cyanide before passing away while joking with Polifrone. Recalls the cop: “He told me that cyanide normally works real quick and easy, but that ‘this guy has the constitution of a God damn ox, and is just eating and eating.  “He said he almost ate the whole burger and then, bam, he's down!” Polifrone knew exactly how to play his role. “I laughed, of course,” he shrugs. “That's what bad guys do.”  Paradoxically, Kuklinski was a committed family man. He led a Jekyll-and-Hyde existence.  “He never socialized, gambled or messed around with other women,” adds Polifrone. “He lived for his wife and kids.” One minute he'd be repairing his daughters' toys, the next, dismembering a body with a chain saw and stuffing it into an oil drum. “He would come home and completely shut off this murderous component and seek security and love from his family,” says “Iceman” director Vromen. “He fulfilled the need to provide for them by killing.” Polifrone finally nailed Kuklinski after tricking him into buying what he thought was pure cyanide. A team of feds and ATF officers arrested him in December 1986. Twenty-eight years later, he reflects on the man who died, apparently of natural causes, in Trenton Prison in 2006 at age 70. Eyebrows were raised because he was due to appear as a witness at the trial of a Gambino family underboss. “I hope he died a slow death because of what he did to families and individuals,” concludes Polifrone. “He had no mercy. And if it was foul play, that's OK with me.” So let's talk about some controversial sting operations you may or may not have heard of.   ACORN Sting   Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now is known as ACORN. ACORN was a group of neighborhood-based organizations in the US that supported low- and middle-income families. They also offered details on affordable housing and voter registration. James O'Keefe and Hannah Giles, two young conservative activists, published recordings that had been edited with care in 2009. The two pretended to be a pimp and a prostitute before using a hidden camera to get unflattering answers from ACORN workers that seemed to give them advice on how to hide their prostitution business and avoid paying taxes.The plea for assistance in obtaining funding for a brothel didn't appear to deter the ACORN employees either. This sparked a national debate and led to a reduction in financing from public and private sources. ACORN declared on March 22, 2010, that it was disbanding and shutting all of its connected state chapters as a result of declining funding. Interesting fact: On January 25, 2010, James O'Keefe and three other people were detained on felony charges for allegedly tampering with the phones at Democratic Senator Mary Landrieu's office in New Orleans. O'Keefe stated that he was looking into claims that Landrieu's staff had dismissed constituent phone calls over the health care issue. O'Keefe recorded the action as they pretended to be telephone repairmen.In the end, they were accused with breaking into a government building under false pretenses, a misdemeanor. Following his admission of guilt, O'Keefe received a three-year probationary period, 100 hours of community service, and a $1,500 fine.   Operation West End The largest undercover news story in Indian journalism has been described like this. In order to expose the alleged culture of bribery inside the Indian Ministry of Defense, a well-known newspaper from India by the name of Tehelka—which translates as "sensation" in Hindi—started its first significant undercover operation, "Operation West End" in 2001. Two reporters from the publication pretended to be London-based armaments dealers from a fake firm. In the undercover film, numerous politicians and defense officials are shown discussing and accepting bribes in exchange for assisting them in obtaining government contracts, including Bangaru Laxman, secretary of the ruling BJP party. Laxman and Military Minister George Fernandes (shown above) resigned following the release of the tapes, and a number of other defense ministry employees were placed on administrative leave.   Interesting Fact: Instead of initially acting on the evidence from the sting operation, the Indian government accused the newspaper of fabricating the allegations. The main financial backers of Tehelka were made targets of investigations, and the newspaper company was almost ruined. In 2003, Tehelka was re-launched as a weekly newspaper, and was funded by faithful subscribers and other well-wishers. In 2007, Tehelka shifted to a regular magazine format.   Senator Larry Craig On June 11, 2007, an undercover police officer conducting a sting operation targeting males cruising for sex at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport detained Idaho Senator Larry Craig. Sgt. Dave Karsnia, the arresting officer, claimed that just after noon, the suspect entered a restroom and shut the door. Craig then moved into the stall next to him and propped his suitcase up against the stall door's front. By obscuring the front view, this is frequently done in an effort to hide sexual activity. Several minutes later, the officer claimed to have noticed Craig looking into his stall through a gap, tapping his right foot repeatedly, then moving it till it brushed Karsnia's. Craig then passed his hand under the stall divider into Karsnia's stall with his palm up and guided it along the divider toward the front of the stall three times. Karsnia then waved his badge back, to which the senator responded, “No!” The senator pleaded guilty to disorderly conduct and paid a fine, but changed his mind after word of his arrest later became public. Craig claimed he just had a “wide stance”, and he only pleaded guilty to avoid a spectacle.An appeals court rejected his request to change his mind about entering a guilty plea. Craig completed his time in the Senate but was unable to have his case dismissed by the Senate Ethics Committee. Craig departed office on January 3, 2009, having not to run for reelection in 2008. Fascinating Fact: Soon after Craig was arrested, the men's room started to resemble a tourist destination, with people coming to seek directions and take photographs. Even restroom tissue may be purchased on eBay. Listen to the conversation between Senator Craig and Sgt. Karsnia immediately following the arrest here.   7 Sarah Ferguson was victimized by Mazher Mahmood, a reporter for the tabloid daily "News of the World," in May 2010. In order to set up a meeting with Ferguson, Mahmood pretended to be a wealthy international businessman. The Duchess, who was discreetly recorded throughout the encounter, offered to connect the "tycoon" with Prince Andrew's influential inner circle. "500,000 pounds when you can, to me, open doors," Sarah Ferguson is heard saying on the video. She may also be seen removing a briefcase that is holding $40,000 in cash. After the event was reported, Ferguson's spokesman claimed she was both "devastated" and "regretful." She said that she had been drinking before asking for the money and was "in the gutter at that point" in an interview with Oprah Winfrey. Mazher Mahmood, the guy who pretended to be the tycoon, is referred to as the "Fake Sheikh" and has conned several famous people. No one is certain if that is his true name or what his real history is since he likes to make things as mysterious as possible. The journalist denies ever allowing his face to appear in any of his pieces and claims to have received several death threats. He also avoids public appearances.   Bait Cars The Minneapolis Police Department employed the first bait cars in the 1990s. The largest bait car fleet in North America is now situated in Surrey, British Columbia, which is widely regarded as the continent's "auto theft capital." The cars are carefully modified, equipped with GPS tracking equipment, audio/video surveillance, and an engine-disabling remote control. It has helped to lower car theft by 47% when it was introduced in Surrey, British Columbia, in 2004. In one of the more contentious bait vehicle stings, a lady was murdered nearly instantaneously after a robber driving a bait car drove into her in Dallas, Texas, in 2008. To resolve the litigation, $245,000 was given to the victim's family. Fact: The key to determining whether police are utilizing a bait car improperly and would result in entrapment is if they left it in a way that would tempt someone who would not ordinarily commit a crime. Here, you can view one of the more eye-catching (to put it mildly) bait vehicle stings. Many others will undoubtedly have the same thoughts as I had. “Where the heck was the kill switch?”   Marion Barry A well-known politician and former mayor of Washington, D.C., Marion Barry. Police were going to conduct an undercover narcotics transaction with former Virgin Islands official Charles Lewis on December 22, 1988, but they were turned back when they discovered Mayor Marion Barry was in Lewis's hotel room. This prompted a grand jury inquiry into potential mayor meddling in the narcotics probe. Barry testified for three hours in front of the grand jury before telling reporters he had done nothing wrong. Then, on January 18, 1990, Barry was arrested in a Washington, D.C. hotel after using crack cocaine in a room with his former girlfriend, who had turned informant for the FBI. This was the result of a sting operation put up by the FBI and D.C. Police. Barry said the now-famous phrase, "Bitch set me up," which has come to be linked with him. Following his arrest and subsequent trial, Barry made the decision not to run for mayor again. He was charged with 14 charges by a grand jury, including suspected grand jury perjury. The mayor could have spent 26 years in prison if found guilty on all 14 counts. Barry was only given a six-month prison term after the jury found him guilty of using cocaine. Barry campaigned for municipal council after being let out of prison. He garnered 70% of the vote due to his widespread popularity and the perception held by many that Marion Barry was the target of a political witch hunt by the government. Then, in 1995, Barry won a fourth term as mayor of Washington, D.C. Barry is currently back in his position on the D.C. city council. Regardless of your opinion on Marion Barry, you have to respect his perseverance and drive to help the people of Washington, D.C. The aforementioned occurrence is only a small portion of his remarkable life. A documentary titled "The Nine Lives of Marion Barry" was produced by HBO.    Joran Van der Sloot Dutch national Joran Van der Sloot is a key suspect in the case of Natalee Holloway, who vanished on May 30, 2005, while traveling to Aruba to celebrate her high school graduation. On March 29, 2010, Van der Sloot got in touch with Beth Twitty Holloway's mother's attorney John Q. Kelly, reviving the case. Van der Sloot promised to provide details about Holloway's demise and the whereabouts of her remains in exchange for a total of $250,000 with a $25,000 down payment. After Kelly and Twitty made contact with Alabama law enforcement, the FBI launched a sting operation. On May 10, Van der Sloot accepted a wire transfer of $15,000 to his Dutch bank account along with an additional cash payment of $10,000. He drove Kelly to the location of Holloway's remains in exchange for the cash. He indicated a home, saying that his father had assisted in burying the body in the foundation. The home had not yet been constructed when Holloway vanished, therefore this turned out to be untrue. Later, Van der Sloot informed Kelly through email that the entire incident was a fraud. At this point, police might have detained Van der Sloot for wire fraud and extortion, but they chose to wait while they worked to establish a case of murder against him. Van der Sloot was not only let free, he was also given permission to depart Aruba and travel to Bogotá, Colombia, and then Lima, Peru, with the money he had made from the operation. He met Stephany Flores Ramirez, a 21-year-old University of Lima business student, in a casino hotel in the city. Ramirez and Van der Sloot are seen entering a hotel room together on security footage, but only Van der Sloot is seen exiting. On June 2, Ramirez was discovered dead in the hotel room that Van der Sloot had booked, her neck broken and she had been battered to death. On May 30, 2010, precisely five years after Natalee Holloway vanished, Ramirez passed away. A person arrested Van der Sloot He admitted to the murder on June 3 and June 7. Fascinating fact: Van der Sloot is presently detained at Peru's Miguel Castro jail, where murder charges have been brought. He apparently now claims that if he is permitted to move to a jail in Aruba, he would tell the whereabouts of Natalee Holloway's remains.   Perverted Justice Stings Perverted-Justice is a group that uses volunteers to masquerade as juveniles online, often between the ages of 10-15, and wait for an adult to message or email the decoy back. If the topic becomes sexual, they won't actively reject it or support it. Then, in order to set up a meeting, they will attempt to identify the males by acquiring their phone numbers and other information. The group then provides law enforcement with the information. Additionally, Perverted-Justice has worked with the American reality show "To Catch a Predator." In Murphy, Texas, one of the more contentious instances took place in 2006. Louis Conradt (seen above), a district attorney in Texas, pretended to be a 19-year-old college student and had sexually explicit internet conversations with a person he thought was a 13-year-old kid. They hired an actress to portray the youngster on the phone when Conradt demanded images of the boy's genitalia. Conradt stopped returning phone calls and instant messages, so police and the reality program decided to conduct a search warrant operation at his residence. A gunshot was heard as the police entered the scene to make an arrest. Conradt was inside with a self-inflicted wound when they arrived, and he eventually passed away at a hospital. 23 people were taken into custody for online solicitation of minors as a consequence of the sting operation in Murphy, Texas. Due to inadequate evidence, none of the 23 instances were prosecuted as of June 2007. Conradt's family launched a $105 million lawsuit against Dateline's To Catch a Predator series. The dispute was ultimately resolved outside of court. All next episodes' development was halted by the network in 2008. Rachel Hoffman On February 22, 2007, a traffic stop in Tallahassee, Florida, resulted in Rachel Hoffman being found in possession of 25 grams of marijuana. Then, on April 17, 2008, police searched her flat and found 4 ecstasy tablets and 151.7 grams of marijuana. Police allegedly threatened to put her in jail unless she worked as an undercover informant for them, according to her account. She was then dispatched untrained to an undercover gathering to purchase a weapon and a significant quantity of narcotics from two alleged drug traffickers. The suspects relocated the drug purchase while she was there. When she departed the buy place in the car with the two suspects, the police officers who were keeping an eye on the sting lost sight of her. The identical gun she was intended to purchase was used to kill her by the two suspects while they were in motion. Two days later, her corpse was discovered close to Perry, Florida. One of the murder suspects was convicted of first-degree murder and given a life sentence without the possibility of parole on December 17, 2009, which would have been Rachel Hoffman's 25th birthday. Trial for the second murder suspect is set for October 2010. Interesting Fact: On May 7, 2009, a law called “Rachel's Law” was passed by the Florida State Senate. Rachel's Law requires law enforcement agencies to (a) provide special training for officers who recruit confidential informants, (b) instruct informants that reduced sentences may not be provided in exchange for their work, and (c) permit informants to request a lawyer if they want one.    Mr. Big The Royal Canadian Mounted Police created Mr. Big, sometimes known as "the Canadian method," in the early 1990s in response to unsolved killings. It is employed in Canada and Australia, but many other nations, like the United States and England, view it as entrapment. The technique works something like this: An undercover police unit poses as members of a fictitious gang, into which the suspect is inducted. The suspect is invited to participate in a series of criminal activities (all faked by the police). In addition, the “gang members” build a personal relationship with the suspect, by drinking together and other social activities. After some time, the gang boss, Mr. Big, is presented to him. The police have a fresh interest in the first crime, and the suspect is instructed to provide the gang with further information. They clarify that Mr. Big might be able to affect the course of the police investigation, but only if he confesses to the full extent of the crime. He is also warned that if he conceals any other previous offenses, the gang could decide against working with him in the future since he would be a burden. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police are shown in the picture above carrying the hats of the four officers who were killed in Edmonton, Canada, in 2005 at a memorial service. Two of the men serving prison sentences for the murders made confessions to Mr. Big operatives.Interesting Fact: In British Columbia, the technique has been used over 180 times, and, in 80% of the cases, it resulted in either a confession or the elimination of the suspect from suspicion. However, cases of false confessions and wrongful convictions have recently come to the public's attention, and many are starting to question the controversial technique. In 2007, a documentary was made, called Mr. Big, that was very critical of the procedure.   You can't talk about undercover operations without talking about the mob. Here are five badasses who infiltrated the mob.   In law enforcement, working as an undercover officer carries the high risk of discovery by criminal suspects, leading to violence, torture and death. But the rewards can be huge, with wire recordings and eyewitness testimony that can result in arrests and convictions. A trained officer knows how to strategize, win the confidence of their targets and get them to reveal what's needed to build a case to take to trial. It requires an unusual kind of person, able to work under stress, stay focused, pull off the character he or she is playing and be prepared to tell many lies. What follows here is a list of five remarkable individuals whose undercover operations, despite real dangers, resulted in the convictions of leaders and associates of organized crime, over almost a century. This list leaves out many other famous undercover officers, whom we would like to recognize in the future. Perhaps because of the gravity of the investigations, and the financial resources required, all of these undercover officers worked for agencies of the U.S. government. MICHAEL MALONE Mike Malone worked undercover for the Treasury Department's Intelligence Unit. In the late 1920s, he infiltrated Al Capone's Chicago Outfit and helped convict the crime boss of tax evasion. Michael Malone had all the makings of an undercover agent who would successfully infiltrate Al Capone's Chicago gang for nearly two years. Malone, whose parents came over from Ireland, grew up in New Jersey and meshed well with its European immigrants, eventually learning to speak Gaelic, Italian, Yiddish and Greek. With his “black Irish” dark hair and skin, he resembled someone from southern Europe. After finessing his way into Capone's inner circle in 1929, Malone proved invaluable to his superiors in the Treasury Department pursuing a tax evasion case against the Chicago crime boss. Despite the danger, Malone kept an iron will. Blowing his cover would have proved fatal. But given his skills, it didn't happen. While Malone kept up the charade, he delivered information that proved incriminating not only for Capone, but for his top enforcer, Frank Nitti (aka Nitto). Malone remained disguised within Capone's bootlegging band even for a time after the feds filed tax charges against Capone, Nitti and Capone's brother, Ralph, in 1931. When Capone's jury trial commenced, and the Treasury Department removed Malone from his undercover job, the agent gained a bit of respect from the embarrassed gang chief himself. In the Chicago courthouse, Malone happened to enter an elevator where Capone stood with his defense lawyers. “The only thing that fooled me was your looks,” Capone is said as to have remarked to Malone. “You look like a Wop. You took your chances, and I took mine. I lost.” From 1929 to 1931, Malone fed intelligence about Capone that would culminate in the historic conviction of the nation's most notorious Mob boss. His fascinating story began after his service in World War I. With law enforcement his career goal, Malone joined the Treasury Department's Intelligence Unit later known as the “T-Men.” Early on, in the 1920s, Malone appreciated how donning disguises brought him closer to the suspects. He posed in everyman roles such as garbage man and shoe shiner. Elmer Irey, chief of the Intelligence Unit, had worked with undercover agent Malone on Prohibition cases. Once, Irey enlisted Malone to smash a West Coast version of “Rum Row,” rumrunners selling contraband Canadian liquor from ships off the coast of San Francisco. Malone posed as gangster from Chicago in hiding, with money to invest in illegal booze. He devised a nighttime sting operation. Agents posing as bootleggers drove speedboats out to the booze-laden mother ship and, after money changed hands, Malone fired off a flare, signaling the U.S. Coast Guard, which boarded the mother ship and arrested the astonished bootleggers. President Herbert Hoover entered office in March 1929, a few weeks following the infamous St. Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, where seven men associated with Capone's bitter rival in bootlegging, George “Bugs” Moran, died in gunfire. Hoover conferred with Irey and urged him to compile a team of special agents to “get Capone” on tax charges. Meanwhile, another team of Prohibition Unit agents in Chicago, headed by Eliot Ness, would attack Capone on violations of federal liquor laws under the Volstead Act. Irey appointed Special Agent Frank Wilson, Malone and several others to the get Capone team. Meanwhile, a group of wealthy business executives in Chicago, called the Secret Six, donated large sums of money for expenses to assist the feds in getting Capone. Malone used their largess to purchase some expensive clothing to look the part of a well-heeled hoodlum that Capone would envy. Malone set about infiltrating Capone's underworld at its core – the Lexington Hotel, where the boss and his men lived. Wearing a fancy suit, purple shirt and white hat, Malone sat in the lobby, reading newspapers for days on end. He spoke in an Italian accent, introduced himself as “Mike Lepito,” met Capone men playing craps and played the part of a mobster. He mailed letters to friends in Philadelphia, who wrote back. Capone's guys broke into his room, noted his pricey checkered suits and silk underwear. They opened his mail from Philadelphia, read the letters written, impressively, in underworld lingo they understood. They informed Capone. Finally, Capone sent a cohort down to the lobby to ask “Lepito” about his business in town. “Keeping quiet,” Malone replied in his Italian inflection. In the coming days, over drinks, Malone told the guy he was on the lam for burglary in Philadelphia. That got Malone invitations to play poker and trade gossip with the gang, then dinner at their hangout, the New Florence, and then to attend the birthday party Capone planned for Frank Nitti at the Lexington. Malone met Capone at Nitti's party. The secret agent's new acquaintances included big-shot hoods Nitti, “Machine Gun” Jack McGurn, Jake “Greasy Thumb” Guzik, Paul “The Waiter” Ricca, Murray “The Camel” Humphreys and Sam “Golf Bag” Hunt. Malone was in. He discreetly phoned Wilson about what he'd overheard within the gang. Wilson and his aides traced signatures on bank checks while pursuing tax evasion cases against Nitti and Guzik. A federal court in Chicago convicted Guzik, who got a five-year sentence. But Nitti skipped town. Malone, assigned to find him, followed Nitti's wife to an apartment building in Berwyn, Illinois. There, the cops nabbed Nitti, later sentenced to 18 months in prison for tax evasion. Then the police pinched Al himself following his 1931 indictment on tax charges. “Mike Lepito” was there at the Lexington when Al Capone arrived back, triumphant about his release on $50,000 bail. Malone listened and reported to Wilson about Capone's scheme to bribe and fix the jury in his favor. The feds moved quickly and a judge created a new list of jurors. Malone then reported Capone's plot to hire five gunman from New York to kill four federal officials in Chicago – including Wilson. With safety measures in place, Capone ordered the gunmen to leave town. Capone's trial, after a judge refused to plea bargain with the Mob boss, started in October 1931. Four days afterward, Malone finally gave up the act. The news spread fast to Capone and his men. Malone had heard that Phil D'Andrea, Capone's bodyguard, planned to bring a concealed gun into the courthouse. Malone and another agent frisked and disarmed D'Andrea, and had him arrested. A jury Capone could not fix found the boss guilty on 22 criminal counts. The judge gave him 11 years in the federal pen and a $50,000 fine, plus court costs. Months later, in early 1932, the Intelligence Unit had Malone, Irey, Wilson and Special Agent A. P. Madden probe the kidnapping of aviator Charles Lindbergh's son. The team's persistence paid off within two years, with the capture (and conviction) of suspect Bruno Hauptman, who still had some of the marked currency the agents convinced Lindbergh to use as ransom money. Malone had other notable cases. In 1933, Irey assigned him to find fugitive New York gangster Waxey Gordon, wanted for tax evasion. Malone located Gordon in a remote cottage in the Catskill Mountains. Special Prosecutor Thomas Dewey took the case, and the court put Waxey away for 10 years. A year later, Malone infiltrated Louisiana Governor Huey “Kingfish” Long's crooked crew. After Long's assassination, the IRS won a tax fraud conviction against Malone's target, Long's close aide, Seymour Weiss. In his last undercover operation before his death, the Intelligence Unit gave Malone a large amount of cash and a Cadillac to use in Miami Beach, disguised as a rich syndicate man. He found and reported what the agency wanted – details of a coast-to-coast illegal abortion ring. After Malone's death in 1960, Wilson described him to a news reporter as “the best undercover agent we ever had.” JOSEPH PISTONE Joe Pistone is one of the FBI's most celebrated undercover agents. Using the name Donnie Brasco, he infiltrated the New York Mafia and helped produce 200 indictments. Courtesy of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. In New York City during the mid-1970s, the FBI investigated a rash of truck hijackings happening each day. The agency assigned agent Joseph “Joe” Pistone to go undercover for six months to find out where the Mob-connected thieves took the stolen cargo. His adopted name was “Donnie Brasco.” He was so effective as a wiseguy that the FBI let him keep it up. No one knew how far the investigation would lead, or what it would mean for Pistone, who started as an agent in 1969. His experience would eventually prompt the mobsters in New York to put out a $500,000 contract for his murder, but it never happened. In the end, the evidence and trial testimony he provided in the 1980s produced 200 indictments of Mob associates and more than 100 convictions. His work decimated the Bonannos, one of New York's five major crime families. Pistone's journey while undercover, impersonating a mobbed-up jewel thief, would last an incredible five years, from 1976 to 1981, during which he penetrated the upper levels of the Bonnano organization. No FBI agent had made it inside the Mob like that. The agency beforehand had to rely on informants. Pistone took a class to learn about jewelry to make his affectation believable. In Brooklyn and Manhattan, he roamed bars and restaurants frequented by Mob types. He communicated using the street smarts he absorbed growing up as a working-class Italian-American kid in Paterson, New Jersey, where he went to Italian social clubs and encountered local hoods. Years in, he had the Bonanno circle so convinced that it moved to have him a “made” man shortly before the FBI ended his assignment. At first he befriended low-level mobsters. He wore a wire to record conversations, and committed to memory names and license plates since taking notes would obviously raise red flags. By 1976, he'd won the trust of important Bonnano members, notably family soldier Benjamin “Lefty Guns” Ruggiero, said to have killed 26 people, and capo Dominick “Sonny Black” Napolitano. Ruggerio recommended him so that he could join the clan. Pistone's Mob activities centered in New York and Florida, taking him away from his wife and young daughters for extended times. Pistone even had to vacation with his demanding cohorts. He moved his family members out of state for their protection. As “Donnie Brasco,” Pistone helped Ruggerio transfer stolen goods and sell guns. He engaged in loansharking, extortion and illegal gambling. Once, while pretending to be an expert in burglar alarms, angry Mob associates intent on committing burglaries demanded he reveal the name of a mobster who would vouch for him. The FBI used an informant to quell their suspicions. In the 1997 film Donnie Brasco, undercover agent Joe Pistone is played by Johnny Depp, left. Al Pacino, right, plays Benjamin “Lefty” Ruggiero. In 1981, the situation intensified again when the crime family commanded him to kill an adversary. The FBI pulled him out of the sting. It was time to start making cases, and for him to testify in open court as himself. Starting in 1982, Pistone's testimony over the next several years in racketeering cases sent more than 100 mobsters to long prison terms. Prosecutors considered him crucial to convicting 21 defendants in the “Pizza Connection” case of pizzerias used to traffic in heroin and launder money for the Sicilian Mafia. Pistone went into hiding and later retired from the FBI, unscathed, in 1986. In the 1990s, Salvatore “Sammy the Bull” Gravano, former underboss for the Gambino family who turned FBI informant, said the embarrassment from the “Brasco” case drove bosses in New York's crime families to suspend the Bonanno group from its board of directors. But Pistone couldn't stay retired. In 1992, at age 53, he requested reinstatement with the FBI, which agreed only if he would enter the agency's strict training class, lasting 16 weeks at its base in Quantico, Virginia. Pistone endured the rigorous course alongside recruits in their 20s. He passed and the FBI rehired him, at least until the mandatory retirement age of 57. Pistone's 1988 book on his undercover experiences, Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia, was a bestseller. Based on the book, actor Johnny Depp portrayed Pistone in the 1997 feature film Donnie Brasco, with Al Pacino as Ruggerio. JACK GARCIA Jack Garcia was an FBI undercover agent of Cuban descent who convinced members of the Italian-American Mafia that he was Italian. He took part in more than 100 undercover investigations over a 26-year career. Before he succeeded in infiltrating New York's Gambino crime family, FBI agent Joaquin “Jack” Garcia had to go school. That is, the FBI's “mob school,” where he received an education in how to hit the ground running with veteran mobsters. His teacher was special agent Nat Parisi. First off, Parisi said, do not carry a wallet – wiseguys carry wads of currency, often bound by the kind of rubber band grocery stores use to keep broccoli together. Also, correctly pronouncing Italian food matters – as Tony Soprano might say, those long pasta shells are not “manicotti,” but “manicote.” Another valuable lesson he learned is that his Mob brethren loved compliments – his favorite one: “Where did you get those nice threads? You look like a million dollars.” In his 26-year career as an FBI agent, Garcia took part in more than 100 undercover investigations, from Miami to New York, Atlantic City and Los Angeles, targeting mobsters, drug traffickers and corrupt politicians and cops. He participated in the highest number of undercover cases in FBI history. In many of his capers, he impersonated a mobster, using the name “Jack Falcone” (in honor of the Italian judge Giovanni Falcone, killed by the Sicilian Mafia in the 1990s). As a backstory, he told his Mob marks about having a Sicilian pedigree (actually he's a native of Havana and grew up in the Bronx) with an expertise in stealing and fencing stolen goods, with jewelry as his specialty. Sometimes, he had to run several undercover roles at once. He took advantage of his fluency in Spanish and Italian, being careful not to mix things up when the phone rang. In the early 2000s, the FBI chose Garcia for what would be the most fruitful infiltration of an organized crime family since Joe Pistone's in the 1970s. While undercover as “Jack Falcone” with the Gambino's family's chapter in Westchester County, New York, for two years, he flashed cash, Rolex watches, diamond rings, flat-screen TVs and other supposed stolen property (items seized in other FBI cases). Much of the cash he held went to pay for expensive dinners – mobsters, he said, are notoriously cheap when the check comes. He gained 80 pounds over the two years. One mobster in particular who liked his money and goods, and would become his almost daily companion, was Gambino capo Gregory DePalma. An “old school” hood who in 2003 finished serving 70 months for racketeering, DePalma right away threatened violence and extorted owners of Westchester-area construction firms, strip joints, restaurants and other businesses. Garcia said he witnessed DePalma commit a crime almost every day. The FBI had Garcia pose as a wiseguy seeking to invest in a topless bar in the Bronx. Garcia's inquiries led him to meet DePalma in 2003. By providing stolen property for DePalma to sell for cash, Garcia convinced him that “Jack Falcone” was an experienced jewelry thief and fencer from Miami. When Garcia hung out with DePalma over the two-year period, he wore a body wire, and the FBI planted bugging devices at DePalma's hangouts. Garcia gave DePalma a cell phone that the talkative mob capo used prodigiously, not knowing the FBI had bugged it. The operation yielded 5,000 hours of recorded conversations used to implicate DePalma and other Gambino men in racketeering. In 2005, DePalma planned to honor “Falcone” by rendering him “made” within the Gambino family. In a recorded conversation, Garcia as “Falcone” replied to DePalma, “I'm honored for that,” he said, in the tape later used in court. “I will never let you down either.” But it wasn't to be. After Garcia witnessed a Gambino soldier beat another member with a crystal candlestick, the FBI shut down the undercover operation. (Garcia and Pistone are the only law enforcement officers ever nominated to be “made.”) Garcia's efforts inside the Gambino crew paid off big time. The evidence he delivered for the FBI resulted in the arrest of 32 Gambino members and associates, including DePalma, Gambino boss Arnold “Zeke” Squitieri and underboss Anthony “The Genius” Megale. DePalma went to trial in 2006. Garcia, who retired from the FBI two months before the trial started, agreed to testify in federal court in Manhattan. The jury found DePalma guilty on 27 counts, and the judge gave the 74-year-old a 12-year prison term. Like Pistone, Garcia's undercover career is chronicled in a memoir, Making Jack Falcone: An Undercover FBI Agent Takes Down a Mafia Family. KIKI CAMARENA Kiki Camarena was an undercover agent for the Drug Enforcement Administration in Mexico. After contributing information that led to major drug busts, he was tortured and murdered by drug cartel bosses in 1985. Enrique “Kiki” Camarena, the late Drug Enforcement Administration agent assigned to investigate drug trafficking in Guadalajara, Mexico, in the 1980s, is famous as one of the most heroic DEA agents ever. But he is more well-known in death than in life. His torture-murder in Mexico in 1985 took place at the hands of drug cartel bosses with the complicity of high-level Mexican government officials, law enforcement and, allegedly, the CIA. At the time, the Reagan administration was secretly training and supplying Central American guerilla fighters, known as the “Contras,” against the leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua. The U.S. government allegedly granted the cartel bosses free rein to traffic drugs – to the point of using CIA-recruited American pilots to fly cocaine into the United States to sell for cash so the cartel could make donations to buy more weaponry for the Contras. Camarena, born in Mexicali, Mexico, in 1947, moved with his impoverished family to Calexico, California. He served as a firefighter in Calexico, and with a strong desire for police work, joined the Imperial County Sheriff's Department, moving up to its narcotics task force. The experience led to his career in the DEA starting in 1975. Assigned to the DEA office in the “narco paradise” of Guadalajara in 1980, Camarena was a convincing undercover officer with his appearance and ability to speak Spanish and barrio “street” language to fit in with the drug underworld. His target was the powerful Guadalajara drug cartel (which later evolved into the Sinaloa cartel). In the early 1980s, in what he called “Operation Padrino,” Camarena arranged for U.S. agents to seize international bank accounts held by wealthy cartel drug lords. He developed evidence of major marijuana plantations in the Mexican state of Zacatecas, based on informants and overflights in a plane flown by his DEA pilot, Alfredo Zavala Avelar. In November 1984, from his background work, Mexican federal police and the DEA raided enormous pot-growing operations on a ranch in Zacatecas that employed thousands of field hands. The task force confiscated 20 tons of marijuana, burned the crop and made 177 arrests. The bust cost cartel figure Rafael Caro Quintero about $50 million. Caro Quintero believed his operation had the protection of the Mexican army, and the CIA, since he owned a farm used to train the U.S.-backed Contras. He vowed revenge against Camarena. Meanwhile, a DEA force organized by Camarena seized a large cache of cocaine shipped by cartel boss Miguel Felix Gallardo's operation to New Mexico and Texas. Gallardo also believed he had CIA and Mexican official protection. During the fall of 1984, Quintero held meetings with top cartel traffickers Gallardo, Ernesto “Don Neto” Fonseco Carrillo and Ruben Zuno Arce. Also present, thanks to rampant corruption bought by the Guadalajara cartel, were Mexico's minister of domestic affairs and DFA chief Manuel Bartlett Diaz, plus Mexico's defense minister, the head of Mexico's Interpol office and the governor of the state of Jalisco. The agenda was to kidnap Camarena and get him to reveal his informants and other information. Zuno Arce gave the order. Fonseca only intended to scare and release him, but Quintero wanted to kill the DEA man. On February 7, 1985, Quintero and Gallardo directed their henchmen to kidnap Camarena off a street in Guadalajara. As the agent walked from the U.S. consulate to meet his wife for lunch, they forced him at gunpoint into a car and drove him to a residence used for cartel rendezvous. They bound and blindfolded him, turned on a tape recorder and questioned him, during which he was severely beaten and tortured. The lead interrogator was the crooked head of the secret police in Guadalajara, Sergio Espino Verdin. The cartel men wanted to know what Camarena knew about them, their dealings with Mexican officials and the CIA's involvement in drug trafficking. The gangsters also brought in and beat up Zavala, Camarena's pilot. Both men died about two days later, angering Fonseco, who told Quintero not to kill Camarena. Camarena's wife reported him missing and Washington launched what would be the largest manhunt in the history of the DEA. The cartel had the two men's bodies buried, then dug up and relocated to a farm in another state, where Mexican police found them in early March. During his funeral a week later, Camarena's family interred his ashes in Calexico. His slaying triggered an international incident. U.S. officials ordered all cars from Mexico at the border searched, effectively closing it. The investigation revealed the CIA connection, leading to bitter clashes between CIA and DEA agents. A federal court in Los Angeles charged 22 defendants in the murders of Camarena and Zavala. Under pressure, Mexican authorities acted, arresting 13 men. Mexican courts convicted Fonseco, Quintero and Espino, and sentenced each to 40 years, although Quintero won early release on a technicality in 2013. U.S. officials are still seeking Quintero to face federal charges. Mexican police arrested Gallardo in 1989, and he received 40 years. A court in Los Angeles found Zuno Arce guilty in the murders in 1990, sentenced him to two life terms in prison, where he died in 2012. In Camarena's honor, in 1985 the National Family Partnership started the National Red Ribbon Campaign, a volunteer anti-drug use and education effort that urges youths to recite a pledge to refrain from drugs, and celebrates “Red Ribbon Week” on drug awareness each October. Camarena's is featured as a character, played by actor Michael Pena, in a chapter of the Netflix series Narcos: Mexico, about on his actions with the DEA. JAY DOBYNS Jay Dobyns went undercover with the Hells Angels outlaw motorcycle gang for 20 months in Arizona on behalf of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. His work led to 16 arrests. For Jay Dobyns, fitting in with the infamous biker gang the Hells Angels for almost two years meant adhering to his undercover alter ego, Jay “Bird” Davis, to the point of obsession. To maintain his cover, he had to divert his mind away from his wife and kids. And it all would be worth it – at least that's what he thought at the time. Dobyns had hit on his best clandestine ruse yet while in Arizona in 2001, after 15 years of service as an undercover special agent with the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. While working undercover cases in the late 1980s for the ATF, he'd been injured twice – from a gunshot wound to the back from a suspect in Tucson and when gunrunners hit him with a car during an attempted getaway in Chicago. He took part in investigations of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Other undercover roles of his ended in the arrests of a Mexican drug boss and members of the Aryan Brotherhood gang. Altogether, he served in more than 500 undercover operations disguised as a hitman and Mob debt collector. He infiltrated organized crime groups and gangs engaged in drug and arms smuggling. In 2001, to gather intelligence as “Davis” for the ATF in northern Arizona, Dobyns worked in the Bullhead City area, posing as a gun seller and an enforcer for a nonexistent collections agency. But his operation was interrupted in 2002 with the now-famous riot and shootout among members of the Angels and a competing biker gang, the Mongols, at the Harrah's casino in nearby Laughlin, Nevada, during the annual River Run motorcycle rally. Two Angels and one Mongol died and dozens of people were injured. The ATF brass soon redirected him to penetrate the dangerous Hells Angels club. Dobyns certainly had the physical part down with his beard and six-foot, one-inch frame he used as an all-conference football player for the University of Arizona. Later, an Angels member would apply tattoos covering his upper arms. Dobyns teamed with another ATF agent, two other undercover officers and a pair of paid informants. The idea was to create a fake biker gang with the aid of one of the informants who once served in a motorcycle gang based in Tijuana, Mexico. The gangster informant and Dobyns would run the gang, called the Solo Angeles, promote it as a pro-Hells Angels crew and request to join the Angels as a “nomad” chapter. The ATF named the setup “Operation Black Biscuit.” As a convincer, Dobyns and his fellow agent feigned an execution of a Mongol member, tying up an agent, placing cow's brains and bloody Mongol clothing on him and taking a photo. Based on the picture, the Angels took the bait and let them hang out and ride with them. They trusted him so much they offered to make him a member of the Angels' Skull Valley Chapter. He was the first law enforcement officer to infiltrate the Angels. His undercover penetration of the Angels lasted more than 20 months, one of the longest ever for the ATF. His work ended with 16 arrests from the Angels gang. But the criminal case, amid problems between the ATF and Justice Department lawyers, fell through in federal court. Federal prosecutors blamed the ATF, saying the agency did not reveal evidence from informants. In 2006, the feds dropped racketeering enterprise charges – the most serious — against all but four of 42 Angels charged in the Laughlin riot. Dobyns' battle with his own employer, the ATF, soon began. He filed suit in federal court against the agency alleging it did not protect him while he was on duty. He won a $373,000 settlement in 2007. The next year, Dobyns's wife and two kids barely escaped after someone firebombed the family home in Tucson. The ATF investigated Dobyns himself as a suspect in the arson. Investigators cleared him. In 2014, the year he retired after 27 years with the ATF, he filed another suit, for $17.2 million, saying the ATF failed to safeguard his family amid death threats. A judge awarded him $173,000. During an appeal, the judge voided the monetary judgment, but recommended discipline for ATF personnel and barred seven Justice Department attorneys from the case. He ordered a special master to investigate government actions in the case, and possible misconduct by the feds in the arson investigation. But the judge died of cancer. The special master in a report said that the first case was fair enough and required no further probe into the federal government. A new judge accepted the recommendation. Dobyns has authored two books, one on his undercover experiences, another on his travails with the ATF. These days, he delivers lectures on his life to audiences at universities and law enforcement associations nationwide. And now some of our infamous quick hitters:   Donald Duck decoy   Police in Fort Lee, New Jersey used a Donald Duck costume as a decoy to catch drivers who failed to yield to pedestrians. Drivers who didn't stop for the cartoon duck were ticketed. One woman, Karen Haigh, fought her $230 ticket.   "They told me that I was getting a ticket for not stopping for a duck," she told Eyewitness News. "But it scared me. I'm a woman. This huge duck scared me."  Coco the Clown   These old clips from the show COPS show a strange undercover police sting, and proves the adage that clowns are usually scary or just creepy. One cop dressed up as Coco the Clown, an outfit that kind of resembles John Wayne Gacy, to catch women working as sex workers. Spoiler: he pretty much sprays all of them with silly string and the whole thing is sad to watch. Amish woman   At least one cop from the Pulaski Township Police Department in Pennsylvania dressed up as an Amish woman in an attempt to catch a sexual predator. Sgt. Chad Adams of the Pulaski Township Police Department wandered the streets for two months in 2014 after police were tipped off that a predator was masturbating in front of children, according to the Associated Press. He posted on the department's Facebook page, “Hey friends, sometimes being a police officer means going undercover and doing what you have to do to catch the bad guy. Now that our investigation is complete I'll share with you this photo! Back in January we had an individual preying on Amish children walking home from school. The male individual was pulling up to the children and getting out of his car and masturbating in front of them. Although we did not apprehend the individual we believe he was caught in another county. I wanted to share with you that we will use all means available to try and protect our children. That includes dressing up as an Amish woman to attempt to apprehend a pervert! Thanks goes out to the Neshannock police and New Wilmington police in assistance with the investigation! Sincerely, Sergeant Chad Adams.”   Sadly, the sting didn't work, but police believe it is because the culprit moved into another county.   DVD Prize sting   Police in Phoenix, Arizona set up a sting to catch people with outstanding warrants, mostly DUIs, in 2002. The people were told they won a DVD player. People thought they were showing up to pick up their prize. Instead, they walked right into their own arrest. Watch as these suspects went from excited to shocked to sad. Panhandling trick   In 2015, undercover cops in California posed as panhandlers to ticket distracted drivers. They stood on the side of the road, posed as panhandlers and holding signs that identified them as police officers. The pieces of cardboard they were holding also stated that they were looking for seatbelt and cellphone violations. For those drivers who weren't paying attention