Podcasts about Zhou

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Latest podcast episodes about Zhou

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
DEED: A Dataset for Dream-related Emotion Research

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.19.508475v1?rss=1 Authors: Liu, W., Zhang, Y., Ma, P., Zheng, L., Zhou, D., Chen, Z., Shen, M., Cai, Y., Lu, Z., Liu, Q., Luo, J., Wang, X. Abstract: Abstract Emotion is closely related to human cognition and behaviour. In recent years, scholars have conducted extensive research on emotion in waking state based on electroencephalography (EEG) and achieved certain results. However, Emotional activity continues after sleep, with a concentrated response of sleep emotions in dreams. Sleep emotions are concentrated in dreams, which can better reflect a series of real physical and psychological states of the human body. Currently, there is no publicly available dataset for the assessment of dream mood. Therefore, we present a physiological dataset Dream Emotion Evaluation Dataset (DEED) for the assessment of dream mood, which recorded EEG signals from 38 participants over 89 whole sleep nights and 533 dream segments(after exclusion of unqualified nights, those dream segments are extracted from 82 whole sleep nights). We studied the correlations between the subjective ratings and the EEG signals and brain network patterns for dream emotions. In addition, the relationship between the asymmetry of left and right brain bands and positive and negative dream emotions was studied. The machine learning algorithm was also used to classify different emotional EEG, which confirmed the validity of the dataset. In the meantime, we encourage other researchers to explore the underlying neural mechanisms involved in sleep. Keywords: emotion, dream, EEG, emotion classification, asymmetry between left and right brain, machine learning Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

The F1 Girls
Mick Schumacher - Have Haas Ruined His 2023 Seat Chances?

The F1 Girls

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022 54:27


There has always been a great deal of pressure and buzz surrounding the son of the 7 time world champion and since his debut in 2021 Mick Schumacher has tried to forge his own path in Formula 1. Off the back of the success of his Formula 2 Championship win things looked promising for the young rookie. Unfortunately, he was faced with an uncompetitive car in his first season and struggled to match the pace of his teammate this year. His next battle seems to be whether he will even have a seat for the 2023 season. Rhianna, Amy and Jess dive into this early career and his F1 performance to analyse how he got to this tough point in his career. Do we think he'll be here next year? Listen to find out…

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Dysregulation of mTOR Signaling Mediates Common Neurite and Migration Defects in Both Idiopathic and 16p11.2 Deletion Autism Neural Precursor Cells

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.17.508382v1?rss=1 Authors: Prem, S., Dev, B., Peng, C., Mehta, M., Alibutud, R., Connacher, R. J., St. Thomas, M., Zhou, X., Matteson, P., Xing, J., Millonig, J., DiCicco-Bloom, E. Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by common behavioral characteristics, raising the possibility of shared pathogenic mechanisms. Yet, vast clinical and etiological heterogeneity suggests personalized phenotypes. Surprisingly, our iPSC studies find that six individuals from two distinct ASD-subtypes, idiopathic and 16p11.2 deletion, have common reductions in neural precursor cell (NPC) neurite outgrowth and migration even though whole genome sequencing demonstrates no genetic overlap between the datasets. To identify signaling differences that may contribute to these developmental defects, an unbiased phospho-(p)-proteome screen was performed. Surprisingly despite the genetic heterogeneity, hundreds of shared p-peptides were identified between autism subtypes including the mTOR pathway. mTOR signaling alterations were confirmed in all NPCs across both ASD-subtypes, and mTOR modulation rescued ASD phenotypes and reproduced autism defects in controls. Thus, our studies demonstrate that genetically distinct ASD subtypes have common defects in neurite outgrowth and migration which are driven by the shared pathogenic mechanism of mTOR signaling dysregulation. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Pitstop
Valtteri Bottas & Guanyu Zhou ON PITSTOP PODCAST !!

Pitstop

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 20, 2022 30:27


Welcome back to the Pitstop Podcast!! This is hands down our most epic episode to date. We don't know how we've managed this one, but we are joined by none other than both Alfa Romeo drivers.. VALTTERI BOTTAS & GUANYU ZHOU! Our flight to Switzerland was canceled after a 5 hour wait in the airport, and we took the executive decision to drive 12 hours to Switzerland, straight to Alfa Romeo HQ, and still do it! Thanks to the guys for sitting down with us and chatting, we'll remember this one forever! Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.

Tech Heads F1 Podcast
Tech Heads F1 Podcast - Ep. 5 (Craig Scarborough)

Tech Heads F1 Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2022 63:10


Welcome back to another episode of the Tech Heads F1 Podcast! Bryson and Dr. Obbs officially welcome Molly Oxner as the third co-host to the show, and we we commemorate the occasion with a very special guest joining the studio for Episode 5. Few individuals in the F1 Tech space are as prolific and well-versed as our invited guest, Craig Scarborough aka Scarbs F1. Despite not formally being trained as an engineer, illustrator, or journalist Scarbs has nevertheless managed to excel at all three, becoming one of the foremost experts in the field through a long career of studying, writing, and teaching others about the wonderful world of Formula 1 technology. When not explaining complex mechanical and aerodynamic concepts through detailed threads and articles online, Craig provides technical analysis for Formula 1 on it's very popular F1TV Tech Talk program. In this week's episode, Scarbs sits down to give some insight into how F1 became his passion (along with aircraft), while we discuss in detail some key topics, including his thoughts on the 2022 season thus far, suspension tricks and compromises without gas springs or inerters, how F1 gearboxes work, and what to get excited about in 2026 and beyond. This was a great discussion, we hope you enjoy! Scarbs F1 Background (2:11) The Making of an F1 Technical Expert (3:54) Favorite Innovations of 2022 So Far (7:00) Abstract Problem Solving in F1 (10:34) 2023 Wing Mirrors and Rear View Cameras (11:38) Technical Developments for Monza (15:47) Suspension: Tricks and Compromises in 2022 (19:52) The Allure of Active Suspension (27:47) How F1 Gearboxes Work (31:25) The Dark Art of Tyre Warm-Up (40:35) Optional Rear Brakes and Active Aero in 2026? (50:20) F1 Safety Improvements Resulting from Zhou's Silverstone Crash (57:40) Hosts: Bryson Sullivan (@NaturalParadigm) Dr. Obbs (@dr_obbs) Molly Oxner (@mollym_o) Invited Guest(s) Craig Scarborough (@ScarbsTech) Notes & References: "3D Printed F1 Seamless Shifting Gearbox - Part 1" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gfx-vCVJx7Y Driver61 video on F1 Gearboxes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bChciv9_BuQ "Keeping Track Of Porpoising | F1 TV Tech Talk" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UeQ3yC7Du8A "What Scarbs thinks of the new F1 engine regs by Peter Windsor" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0nL7e17TUFQ "Did the Roll Hoop FAIL in Zhou's Crash?" (Driver61) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BpNO1wgUfmY

Deutsche Minghui Podcast
Podcast 331 – Ein rechtschaffener, weiser Mensch kennt keine Furcht

Deutsche Minghui Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 19, 2022 12:49


Als Konfuzius und seine Jünger nach Kuang (die heutige Stadt Changyuan in der Provinz Henan) pilgerten, hielten die Einheimischen ihn für einen Feind und umzingelten ihn und seine Anhänger. Dies dauerte mehrere Tage, was seine Jünger besorgt werden ließ. Konfuzius hingegen blieb sehr ruhig. „Nach dem Tod des Königs Wen von Zhou wurde die alte Kultur an mich weitergegeben“, erklärte er. „Ich wäre nicht in der Lage, sie den Menschen zu lehren, wenn das Göttliche sie zerstören wollte. Aber wenn das Göttliche beabsichtigt, sie zu bewahren, was können die Menschen von Kuang mir dann antun?“ Nach diesen Worten holte er... https://de.minghui.org/html/articles/2022/8/28/162590.html

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Medial accumbens shell spiny projection neurons encode relative reward preference

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 18, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.18.508426v1?rss=1 Authors: Pedersen, C. E., Castro, D. C., Hjort, M. M., Zhou, Z. C., Piantadosi, S. C., Gowrishankar, R., Kan, S. A., Murphy, P. J., O'Neill, P. R., Bruchas, M. Abstract: Medial nucleus accumbens shell (mNAcSh) is a critical brain region for driving motivated behaviors. Despite this well-established role, the underlying reward processing of individual neurons, circuits and cell-types within mNAcSh remains largely unknown. Here, we leverage deep brain 2-photon calcium imaging through endoscopic lenses to record mNAcSh spiny projection neuron (SPN) ensemble responses to rewards of different preference and to reward-predictive cues across cue-reward learning. Reward responses were found to be heterogeneous and particularly differentiated based on reward preference and cell type. A large subpopulation of reward-excited enkephalinergic SPNs were found to be specifically recruited during consumption of unpreferred rewards. A major enkephalinergic efferent projection from mNAcSh to ventral pallidum (VP) was also found to be recruited to unpreferred rewards and to causally drive low positive reward preference. Enkephalin and dynorphinergic SPNs in mNAcSh distinctly represent rewards of different preference and propagate distinct signals through efferent projections to drive consummatory behavior. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Divisive Normalization Circuits Faithfully Represent Auditory and Visual Stimuli

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 18, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.17.506431v1?rss=1 Authors: Lazar, A. A., Liu, T., Zhou, Y. Abstract: Divisive normalization is a canonical neural computation employed for sensory adaptation in vision, olfaction and attention modulation. While Divisive Normalization has been proposed to be an efficient coding algorithm, it remains unclear whether such transformation results in information loss in a dynamic setting. Leveraging a previously proposed general mathematical framework called the Divisive Normalization Processor (DNP), we first show that the DNP circuit describes a wide class of neural circuits as well as phenomenological models including the Linear-Nonlinear cascade model. We then demonstrate both theoretically and computationally that the DNP is an invertible operator that could faithfully represent input information given sufficient output samples. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
A Programmable Model for Exploring the Functional Logic of the Drosophila Antennal Lobe

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.10.506216v1?rss=1 Authors: Lazar, A. A., Turkcan, M. K., Zhou, Y. Abstract: Recent progress on connectomics has resulted in huge datasets of brain structures in single-synapse scale. This calls for the modeling of executable circuits to discover the functional logic of these neural circuits in different scales. To provide an approach to standardize analyses of neuropils with multiple-input-multi-output channels, we put forward a programming model focusing on the antennal lobe (AL), a circuit at the periphery of the olfactory system with nonlinear computation. We present an approach for constructing and analyzing antennal lobe circuits using models of glomeruli and local feedback loops. We establish the composability of the connectivity of glomeruli with local neuron feedback loops by combining pairs of glomeruli, and then by combining all glomeruli together to characterize the I/O of the entire AL. We thus provide a methodology for the quantitative characterization of the I/O of the AL as a function of feedback loop motifs. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Deep Dive: AI
Why Debian won’t distribute AI models any time soon

Deep Dive: AI

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022


Welcome to a brand new episode of Deep Dive: AI! For today's conversation, we are joined by Mo Zhou, a PhD student at Johns Hopkins University and an official Debian developer since 2018. Tune in as Mo speaks to the evolving role of artificial intelligence driven by big data and hardware capacity and shares some key insights into what sets AlphaGo apart from previous algorithms, making applications integral, and the necessity of releasing training data along with any free software. You'll also learn about validation data and the difference powerful hardware makes, as well as why Debian is so strict about their practice of offering free software. Finally, Mo shares his predictions for the free software community (and what he would like to see happen in an ideal world) before sharing his own plans for the future, which include a strong element of research. If you're looking to learn about the uphill climb for open source artificial intelligence, plus so much more, you won't want to miss this episode! Full transcript.  Key points from this episode: Background on today's guest, Mo Zhou: PhD student and Debian developer. His recent Machine Learning Policy proposal at Debian. Defining artificial intelligence and its evolution, driven by big data and hardware capacity. Why the recent advancements in deep learning would be impossible without hardware.  Where AlphaGo differs from past algorithms. The role of data, training code, and inference code in making an application integral. Why you have to release training data with any free software. The financial and time expense of classifying images. What you need access to in order to modify an existing model. The validation data set collected by the research community. Predicting the process of retraining. What you can gain from powerful hardware. Why Debian is so strict in the practice of free software.  Problems that occur when big companies charge for their ecosystems. What Zhou is expecting from the future of the free software community. Which licensing schemes are most popular and why. An ideal future for Open Source AI. Zhou's plans for the future and why they include research. Links mentioned in today's episode: Mo Zhou on LinkedIn Mo Zhou on GitHub Mo Zhou Johns Hopkins University Debian Debian Deep Learning Team DeepMind Apache Credits Special thanks to volunteer producer, Nicole Martinelli. Music by Jason Shaw, Audionautix. This podcast is sponsored by GitHub, DataStax and Google. No sponsor had any right or opportunity to approve or disapprove the content of this podcast.

Astro arXiv | all categories
The spectral-timing analysis of Cygnus X-1 with Insight-HXMT

Astro arXiv | all categories

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 0:51


The spectral-timing analysis of Cygnus X-1 with Insight-HXMT by M. Zhou et al. on Tuesday 13 September Cygnus X-1, as the first discovered black hole binary, is a key source for understanding the mechanisms of state transitions, and the scenarios of accretion in extreme gravity fields. We present a spectral-timing analysis of observations taken with the Insight-HXMT mission, focusing on the spectral-state dependent timing properties in the broad energy range of 1--150 keV, thus extending previous RXTE-based studies to both lower and higher energies. Our main results are the following: a) We successfully use a simple empirical model to fit all spectra, confirming that the reflection component is stronger in the soft state than in the hard state; b) The evolution of the total fractional root mean square (rms) depends on the selected energy band and the spectral shape, which is a direct result of the evolution of the power spectral densities (PSDs); c) In the hard/intermediate state, we see clear short-term variability features and a positive correlation between central frequencies of the variability components and the soft photon index $Gamma_1$, also at energies above 15 keV. The power spectrum is dominated by red noise in the soft state instead. These behaviors can be traced to at least 90 keV; d) The coherence and the phase-lag spectra show different behaviors dependent on different spectral shapes. arXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/http://arxiv.org/abs/2209.05930v1

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Microbial glutamate metabolism predicts intravenous cocaine self-administration in Diversity Outbred mice

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.11.507297v1?rss=1 Authors: Tran, T. D. B., Nguyen, H., Sodergren, E., Center for Systems Neurogenetics of Addiction,, Dickson, P. E., Wright, S., Philip, V. M., Weinstock, G. M., Chesler, E. A., Zhou, Y., Bubier, J. A. Abstract: The gut microbiome is thought to play a critical role in the onset and development of psychiatric disorders, including depression and substance use disorder (SUD). To test the hypothesis that the microbiome affects addiction predisposing behaviors and cocaine intravenous self-administration (IVSA) and to identify specific microbes involved in the relationship, we performed 16S rRNA gene sequencing on feces from 228 diversity outbred mice. Twelve open field measures, two light-dark assay measures, one hole board and novelty place preference measure significantly differed between mice that acquired cocaine IVSA (ACQ) and those that failed to acquire IVSA (FACQ). We found that ACQ mice are more active and exploratory and display decreased fear than FACQ mice. The microbial abundances that differentiated ACQ from FACQ mice were an increased abundance of Barnesiella, Ruminococcus, and Robinsoniella and decreased Clostridium IV in ACQ mice. There was a sex-specific correlation between ACQ and microbial abundance, a reduced Lactobacillus abundance in ACQ male mice, and a decreased Blautia abundance in female ACQ mice. The abundance of Robinsoniella was correlated, and Clostridium IV inversely correlated with the number of doses of cocaine self-administered during acquisition. Functional analysis of the microbiome composition of a subset of mice suggested that gut-brain modules encoding glutamate metabolism genes are associated with the propensity to self-administer cocaine. These findings establish associations between the microbiome composition and glutamate metabolic potential and the ability to acquire cocaine IVSA thus indicating the potential translational impact of targeting the gut microbiome or microbial metabolites for treatment of SUD. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Programa del Motor: AutoFM
F1 GP de Italia 2022 Las 10 claves en Auto FM

Programa del Motor: AutoFM

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 13, 2022 29:40


LAS CLAVES DEL GRAN PREMIO DE ITALIA DE FORMULA 1 2022 1. La F1 es otra cosa. Nuestra querida F1 se ha llenado de energúmenos que se dedican a pitar al rival, desde los ingleses a los holandeses pasando por los italianos. Así, no. 2. Da igual todo. Pase lo que pase, salga desde donde salga, con o sin coches de seguridad, Max Verstappen gana siempre. Lleva 11 victorias, las 5 últimas seguidas. 3. Ligera mejora. Charles Leclerc y Ferrari estuvieron a un mejor nivel, aunque las prestaciones de Max fueron demasiado para ellos. 4. A por el subcampeonato. Russell acabó tercero y sigue peleando por ser el mejor del resto, pese al rendimiento irregular del Mercedes. No falla. 5. Espectacular. Remontada de categoría de Carlos Sainz con un sinfín de adelantamientos. Quizá su mejor carrera del año. 6. A lo suyo. Norris sigue sumando puntos y mantiene él solito a McLaren en la lucha por el 4º puesto en el mundial de constructores. 7. Para olvidar. El Alpine no rindió como se esperaba en Monza, con Ocon fuera de los puntos y Alonso, que estaba en los puntos, condenado a abandonar. 8. Estrella china. Zhou volvió a llevar un Alfa Romeo a la zona de puntos tras seis carreras sin puntuar. El piloto chino es cosa seria. 9. Puerta grande. Para Nyck de Vryes, que puntuó en su debut en F1 con el Williams, lo que deja mal a Latiffi y pone en contexto las prestaciones de Albon. ¿Está en F1 en 2023? 10. Ridículo. La Fórmula 1 volvió a pegarse un tiro en el pie acabando tras el coche de seguridad, lo que nos robó un final de infarto. Urge cambiar la norma. Los españoles y Sergio “Checo” Pérez Carlos Sainz (4º): Remontó por coche y por talento, y podía haber luchado por la victoria de haberse relanzado la carrera. “Checo” Pérez (6º): No levanta cabeza, siempre en los puntos, porque el Red Bull es un cañón, pero cada vez menos cómodo con el coche. Fernando Alonso (abandono): De nuevo mucho mejor que Ocon, pero en clasificación no pudo lucir en carrera sólo pudo defenderse. Fin a la racha de 10 GP puntuando. Destacados: La estrella: Nyck de Vryes, piloto del día en su debut El estrellado: La Fórmula 1 La sorpresa: Nyck de Vryes Qué momento: Final de carrera tras el Safety Car Para no perderse en Singapur (30 septiembre-2 octubre) - Primera oportunidad de Max para ser campeón - Ferrari o Mercedes, ¿quién rivalizará con Red Bull por el triunfo? - Llegará Albon a correr, sufrió complicaciones en su operación Todos los programas de F1 en AutoFM los tienes juntos en esta lista: https://www.ivoox.com/f1-2022-autofm_bk_list_10094520_1.html Fernando Rivas @rivasportauto Jose Lagunar @JoseLagunar Iván Vicario @VicarioMartin Web Coches clásicos: http://www.grupov.es/revistas/20-coches-clasicos/revista Puedes seguirnos en nuestra web: https://autofm.es/ y en https://www.podcastmotor.es/ Twiter: @AutoFmRadio Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/autofmradio/ Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC57czZy-ctfV02t_PeNXCAQ Contacto: info@autofm.es

DopoGP F1 | AutoMoto.it
DopoGP F1 2022, Monza La SAFETY CAR cè ma la ROSSA no...

DopoGP F1 | AutoMoto.it

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 55:59


AMonza s'impone Max Verstappen: è stato il pilota della Red Bull ad aggiudicarsi il Gran Premio d'Italia, sedicesima prova del mondiale 2022 di Formula 1. Quella di Monza è la sua trentunesima vittoria della carriera, raggiungendo Nigel Mansell l'undicesima stagionale. Verstappen protagonista di un'altra rimonta come all'Hungaroring e Spa, ha preceduto uno sfortunato Charles Leclerc, penalizzato dalla virtual safety car, tolta quando stava facendo il pit stop. Stesso discorso per Carlos Sainz autore della miglior gara in Ferrari, rimontando quattordici posizioni rispetto alle qualifiche, che non ha potuto attaccare George Russell che completa il podio. Bel recupero anche di Lewis Hamilton quinto davanti a Sergio Perez, ritirato alla sua ultima Monza Sebastian Vettel, così come Fernando Alonso. Al via Leclerc resiste a Russell e prende la testa della corsa seguiti da Ricciardo, Gasly e Verstappen. Leclerc prova a scappare, ma Verstappen glielo impedisce superando con facilità Gasly e Ricciardo. Oltre all'olandese a regalare spettacolo è Sainz, che di forza si libera di Perez, e guadagna diverse posizioni con una serie di sorpassi. Verstappen non perde tempo e dopo aver fatto il giro veloce supera Russell, e si lancia alla caccia di Leclerc. Stesso discorso per Sainz che passando le Aston Martin, Zhou, De Vries e Alonso, salendo in sesta posizione. Verstappen invece si avvicina a Leclerc, riducendo il gap ad 1.5, con Perez che si sacrifica anticipando il pit stop per vedere come vanno le hard. Il messicano all'uscita dai box ha fiamme sull'anteriore destra, che risolve dopo qualche curva, mentre continua lo show di Sainz che fa esplodere i tifosi della Ferrari superando anche Norris, e Gasly. Nel momento in cui Sainz porta l'attacco al francese, finisce l'ultima Monza di Vettel, e viene applicata la procedura della virtual safety car. Leclerc tenta di approfittarne per fare il pit stop al 13° giro, ma proprio quando è ai box la gara riparte, e torna in pista quarto precedendo Ricciardo. A permettergli di mandare in temperature le gomme ci pensa Sainz che supera Ricciardo, con Verstappen che senza traffico può imporre il suo ritmo e vola sul passo dell'1.25 alto. Verstappen continua ad essere l'unico a girare sull'1.25 con Leclerc che riesce a guadagnargli soltanto qualche decimo a giro, e con il suo ingegnere vedendo il ritmo del rivale e come vanno le soft, decide di andare sulle due soste. Invece Verstappen allunga il suo stint fino al 26°giro, e Leclerc torna leader della gara. Alle loro spalle nuovo duello fra Hamilton e Alonso, con l'inglese che supera con facilità il rivale, conquistando la sesta posizione. Verstappen appena torna in pista con una serie di giri veloci guadagna un secondo al giro a Leclerc, che quando vede il rischio di uscire dai box dietro a Russell alla 34° tornata fa il secondo pit stop. Invece anche Alonso che in precedenza si era lamentato di problemi alla macchina, è costretto al ritiro. Sainz dopo aver fatto la sosta passa di nuovo di forza Perez, e Hamilton compie un doppio sorpasso su Norris e Gasly. Verstappen nonostante gomme usate prima gira sullo stesso passo di Leclerc, e poi perde soltanto mezzo secondo al giro. Leclerc risponde con una serie di giri veloci e inizia a ridurre il gap ma Verstappen prosegue a girare su un passo costante impressionate, con Sainz che mette nel mirino il gradino più basso del podio di Russell. Il ritiro di Ricciardo sembra poter riaprire la gara nel 47° giro, con Verstappen, Leclerc, Russell e Sainz che fanno il pit stop. Invece la difficoltà della safety car, a ricompattare il gruppo fa sì che la corsa non riparta tra i fischi dal pubblico. Verstappen può festeggiare la prima vittoria a Monza, e la quarta consecutiva, davanti ad un furioso Leclerc, Russell, Sainz, Hamilton e Perez. Completano la top Norris, Gasly, De Vries che va a punti alla prima gara in Formula 1, e Zhou. Undicesimo Ocon seguito da Schumacher, un anonimo Bottas, Tsunoda, Latifi e Magnussen.

Iron Culture
Ep. 188 - Steroids, Aesthetics & Irresponsible Influencers

Iron Culture

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 110:02


What does it mean to be “aesthetic”, and is it possible to have an objective or universal definition of it? Obviously, there are attempts to do so in physique sport, but in society, as they say, “beauty is in the eye of the beholder”. In fact, even in physique sports aesthetic standards change constantly and new competitive divisions regularly pop up, judging standards change, and people frequently disagree. Moving beyond the possibility of an agreed-upon definition or standard, would having them even be a good thing? How do external beauty standards and pressure impact us as humans who crave social acceptance in the social media age? How can you pursue aesthetic goals and get positive outcomes? There are no easy answers, but we welcome you to join us as we discuss!   00:00 Intro: reviewing reviews 11:10 In the pursuit of aesthetics Can you Stay Shredded? https://www.strongerbyscience.com/stay-shredded/ MASS Research Review https://www.strongerbyscience.com/mass/ 17:55 Defining the concept of aesthetics 24:27 Discussing anabolic steroids in the fitness industry 40:35 Societal influences on aesthetic standards and the impact of your personal experiences 51:40 TRT and the pressures of obtaining and maintaining a certain aesthetic Zhou 2020 Trends and Patterns of Testosterone Therapy among U.S. Male Medicare Beneficiaries, 1999 to 2014 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31928462/ 57:29 Social media algorithms and other influences on decision making Bhasin 2018 Testosterone Therapy in Men With Hypogonadism: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article/103/5/1715/4939465 1:03:05 The importance of your definition of success and underlying motivations in the pursuit of your aesthetic goals Helms 2019 Towards a Sustainable Nutrition Paradigm in Physique Sport: A Narrative Review https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31315180/ 1:17:07 The impacts of improving health and performance on aesthetics Iron Culture Episode 95: Old School Bodybuilding https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O2m11U_7JmU 1:21:44 Different physique sport divisions and desired aesthetics 1:33:20 Beyond surface-level motivations for lifting  1:46:20 Closing out

Rankia Podcast
Los 10 Errores más comunes eligiendo Fondos de Inversión - Xiaoying Zhou y Luis Ángel Hernández

Rankia Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 42:23


El pasado mes de mayo Luis Ángel Hernández y Xiaoying Zhou participaron en Forinvest 2022 con esta charla sobre los principales errores que cometemos cuando elegimos un fondo de inversión. Os compartimos aquí en formato podcast su interesante charla para que podáis comprobar si también habéis caído en estos errores comunes a la hora de seleccionar fondos.❗❗ Si quieres aprender a sacar rentabilidad a tu dinero a través de Fondos de Inversión, puedes ver el curso que han preparado Enrique Roca, Luis Ángel Hernández y Xiaoying Zhou en Rankia. Primera Lección GRATIS: https://www.rankia.com/cursos/4179-invertir-fondos-inversion-cero/landing/?ref=youtube

德州中文台 Texas Chinese Radio
今秋理財新選擇 - 明明、恆豐銀行 Jennifer Zhou | 德州中文台 賺錢百分百

德州中文台 Texas Chinese Radio

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 23:44


主題:今秋理財新選擇 明明、恆豐銀行 Jennifer Zhou --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/texaschineseradio/support

Winging It F1 Podcast
SC Yes or No? Italian Grand Prix review | Winging It F1 podcast

Winging It F1 Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 53:43


Let us know if this podcast was more entertaining than the race itself! Because we certainly enjoyed making it that much. Nigel was able to tear himself away from watching Emma Radacanu play in Slovenia in the tennis equivalent of GB4 to join Freddie and Adam in discussing the Italian Grand Prix, warts and all. We cover Ferrari's strategy, the late safety car decision, and Nyck de Vries plus Freddie is suddenly really interested in what we thought of Zhou's weekend. And there's some F2 and F3 chat too.Twitter: @WingingItF1Adam: @AdamDickinson01Nigel: @NigelCJournoFreddie: @FredCoates1999Thumbnail +: Intro © Red Bull Content Pool Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.

Rankia Podcast
Los 10 Errores más comunes eligiendo Fondos de Inversión - Xiaoying Zhou y Luis Ángel Hernández

Rankia Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 12, 2022 42:23


El pasado mes de mayo Luis Ángel Hernández y Xiaoying Zhou participaron en Forinvest 2022 con esta charla sobre los principales errores que cometemos cuando elegimos un fondo de inversión. Os compartimos aquí en formato podcast su interesante charla para que podáis comprobar si también habéis caído en estos errores comunes a la hora de seleccionar fondos.❗❗ Si quieres aprender a sacar rentabilidad a tu dinero a través de Fondos de Inversión, puedes ver el curso que han preparado Enrique Roca, Luis Ángel Hernández y Xiaoying Zhou en Rankia. Primera Lección GRATIS: https://www.rankia.com/cursos/4179-invertir-fondos-inversion-cero/landing/?ref=youtube

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
A Programmable Model for Exploring the Functional Logic of the Drosophila Mushroom Body

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.10.506218v1?rss=1 Authors: Lazar, A. A., Turkcan, M. K., Zhou, Y. Abstract: We advance a model of the Mushroom Body of the Drosophila brain based on the recently published fruit fly brain connectome. We quantify the effect of the connectivity from antennal lobe projection neurons to Kenyon Cells (KCs) and the effect of feedback between KCs and the anterior paired lateral (APL) neuron on the representation of odorants at the KC level. We then characterize odorant representation in the mushroom body output neurons (MBONs) as a function of semantics represented by the dopaminergic neurons (DANs). Finally, we evaluate the performance of associative learning in the MB that endows pure odorants with DAN semantics. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Identification of regulatory elements in primary sensory neurons involved in neuropathic pain

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 10, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.09.507328v1?rss=1 Authors: Stephens, K. E., Moore, C., Vinson, D. A., White, B. E., Renfro, Z., Zhou, W. E., Ji, Z., Ji, H., Zhu, H., Guan, Y., Taverna, S. Abstract: Chronic pain is a significant public health issue that is often refractory to existing therapies. Here we use a multiomic approach to identify cis-regulatory elements that show differential chromatin accessibility, and reveal transcription factor (TF) binding motifs with functional regulation in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which contain cell bodies of primary sensory neurons, after nerve injury. We integrated RNA-seq to understand how differential chromatin accessibility after nerve injury may influence gene expression. Using TF protein arrays and chromatin immunoprecipitation-qPCR, we confirmed C/EBP{gamma} binding to a differentially accessible sequence and used RNA-seq to identify processes in which C/EBP{gamma} plays an important role. Our findings offer insights into TF motifs that are associated with chronic pain. These data show how interactions between chromatin landscapes and TF expression patterns may work together to determine gene expression programs in DRG neurons after nerve injury. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Mode Push: The F1 Podcast
Silverstone: two fiery crashes on & off the track

Mode Push: The F1 Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 9, 2022 37:43


We break down the EPIC British GP -- best & worst drivers, highlights and fashionable moments!Next, we revisit the crash and the tech behind the halo that saved Zhou's life. Finally, we look back at the chaos at Red Bull around multiple dramatic / racist comments. For more content or to dish tea, reach out on:twitter: @modepushf1 instagram: @modepushf1 web: www.mode-push-f1.come-mail: modepushf1@gmail.com

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Bicistronic expression of a high-performance calcium indicator and opsin yields stable, robust cortical expression for holographic two-photon stimulation

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 8, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.06.506779v1?rss=1 Authors: LaFosse, P. K., Zhou, Z., Friedman, N. G., Deng, Y., Akitake, B., Histed, M. H. Abstract: Patterns of activity across many neurons are fundamental units of neural computation. Two-photon holographic photostimulation allows both delivering input to, and imaging responses from, patterns or populations of neurons. However, to make this method an easily-deployable tool, simple methods are needed to robustly and stably express opsins and indicators in the same cells. Here we describe a bicistronic adeno-associated virus (AAV) that in transfected cells expresses both the fast and bright calcium indicator GCaMP8s, and a soma-targeted (st) and two-photon-activatable opsin, ChrimsonR. With this method, in the visual cortex of mice, stChrimsonR stimulation with two-photon holography drives robust spiking in targeted cells, and neural responses to visual sensory stimuli and spontaneous activity are strong and easy to measure. stChrimsonR is a good choice of opsin when a balance is needed between stimulation-laser activatability and avoidance of imaging laser activation. This approach is a simple and robust way to prepare neurons in vivo for two-photon holography and imaging. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Metaplasticity: Dark exposure boosts excitability and visual plasticity in adult human cortex

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 6, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.04.506561v1?rss=1 Authors: Min, S. H., Wang, Z., Chen, M., Hu, R., Gong, L., He, Z., Wang, X., Hess, R. F., Zhou, J. Abstract: An interlude of dark exposure for about one week is known to shift the excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) balance of the mammalian visual cortex, promoting cortical plasticity across species and accelerating visual recovery of those that have experienced cortical lesions during development. However, the translational impact of our understanding of dark exposure from animal studies on humans remains elusive. Here, we use magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a probe for E/I balance in the primary visual cortex (V1) to determine the effect of 60-min dark exposure, and measure binocular combination as a behavioral assay to assess visual plasticity in 18 normally sighted adults (13 females). To induce neuroplastic changes in the observers, 60-min monocular deprivation was performed, which is known to shift sensory eye balance in favor of the previously deprived eye. We report that dark exposure strengthens cortical excitability in V1 and boosts visually plasticity in normal adults. Our findings are surprising, given the fact that the interlude is at a very brief timescale. We present direct evidence that an environmental manipulation that reduces intracortical inhibition can as a metaplastic facilitator for visual plasticity in adult humans. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Dissociated amplitude and phase effects of alpha oscillation in a nested structure of rhythm- and sequence-based temporal expectation

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 3, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.09.01.506156v1?rss=1 Authors: Su, Z., Zhou, X., Wang, L. Abstract: The human brain can utilize various information to form temporal expectation and optimize perceptual performance. Here we show dissociated amplitude and phase effects of pre-stimulus alpha oscillation in a nested structure of rhythm- and sequence-based expectation. A visual stream of rhythmic stimuli was presented in a fixed sequence such that their temporal positions could be predicted by either the low-frequency rhythm, the sequence, or the combination. The behavioral modelling indicated that rhythmic and sequence information additively led to increased accumulation of sensory evidence and alleviated threshold for the perceptual discrimination of the expected stimulus. The electroencephalographical (EEG) results showed that the alpha amplitude was dominated by rhythmic information, with the amplitude fluctuating in the same frequency of the oscillation entrained by the rhythmic information (i.e., phase-amplitude coupling). The alpha phase, however, was affected by both rhythmic and sequence information. Importantly, rhythm-based expectation improved the perceptual performance by decreasing the alpha amplitude, whereas sequence-based expectation did not further decrease the amplitude on top of rhythm-based expectation. Moreover, rhythm-based and sequence-based expectation collaboratively improved the perceptual performance by biasing the alpha oscillation toward the optimal phase. Our findings suggested flexible coordination of multiscale brain oscillations in dealing with a complex environment. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Había una vez...Un cuento, un mito y una leyenda

Había una vez un emperador chino que era parte de la dinastía Shang llamado zhou que vivía en el año 1045 antes de cristo.  Este emperador venía de una larga tradición de emperadores de la misma dinastía desde el año 1600 antes de cristo.  El emperador había sido un hombre educado en las costumbres más tradicionales y austeras de la dinastía. Si bien era el emperador su palacio no era muy majestuoso y sus vestimentas era sencillas.  El emperador tenía un único placer, encontrar elementos que no fueran comunes y que de alguna manera representan un estilo propio. Un día a la corte llegó un cazador que había viajado al África y había cazado un elefante de colmillos de marfil rosado. Este marfil era único en su color y era considerado el más valioso del mundo. Como el cazador era un admirador del emperador Zhou, decidió recorrer el trayecto desde el África profunda hasta el este del rio amarillo, donde el emperador tenía su reino.  Al llegar el emperador quedó asombrado por la belleza del marfil que le traían y encantado por este decidió que el tenía que poseer el marfil. Y llamando a su ministro de finanzas le ordenó recoger el dinero necesario para comprar estos y después de una gran esfuerzo económico los marfiles fueron adquiridos.  El emperador habiendo comprado el marfil ordeno que este se utilizara para fabricar palillos para comer. Su  tío y consejero, el príncipe Ki, cuando oyó la orden se retiro inmediatamente y se reunió con otros consejeros. Inmediatamente les dijo que se venían tiempos difíciles y que el fin de la dinastía se acercaba. Los otros consejeros extrañados por el comentario, le preguntaron porque pronosticaba un fina de la dinastía.  A lo que el príncipe Ki. Contesto.  Los palillos de marfil  no pueden ser utilizados en los tazones y platos de barro que el emperador utiliza y por eso con el tiempo el emperador va a pedir a los artesanos la fabricación de platos más sofisticados y costosos. El emperador le ordenara a sus súbditos que le traigan materiales exóticos como cuernos de rinocerontes o piedras de jade para poder utilizar los palillos de marfil con utensilios que le hagan honor a la calidad de los palillos.  El costo de dichos materiales creará una deuda mayor en la economía del imperio, pero una vez se tengan los utensilios el emperador sentirá que dichos tazones y platos deben ser dignos de manjares igualmente especiales y en vez de comer los cereales y legumbres que hasta el día de hoy come, pedirá que le traigan alimentos igualmente exóticos de regiones más allá del imperio y seguramente enviará comisiones especiales a encontrar y traer, a costo exorbitante productos como colas de elefantes, estómagos de tigre, o cabezas de simios. Todos ellos alimentos que no conocemos y que deberán ser obtenidos para satisfacer el deseo del emperador. Cuando el emperador haya cumplido con sus deseos alimenticios, sentirá que sus vestimentas no son dignas de un ser tan especial y en vez de utilizar las prendas que ahora utiliza mandara comisiones a traer de otros lugare prendas de belleza inimaginable pero de precio igualmente alto.  Luego sentirá que su vivienda es demasiado modesta para su forma de vestir y comer y deseara que los arquitectos le construyan un castillo mejor y más lujoso. Mandara comisiones al extranjero para traer materiales de construcción exóticas que le permita construir y adornar sus aposentos con gran lujo. Todo esto deberá ser pagado con las arcas de los impuestos que los súbditos pagan. Y como los habitantes del  reino no tiene la riqueza requerida para pagar por todos estos lujos, deberá aumentar el número de guardias para que estos a su vez vayan a las casas de los súbditos y les hagan pagar mayores impuestos y muchos de los habitantes, no tendrán con&nbs

Higher Conscious Thinker
Chinese History from 1600 BCE to 1912

Higher Conscious Thinker

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 3, 2022 48:28


In this episode, we discuss Chinese History from the Shang Kingdom (1600 BCE) to the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty 1912 as well some of the most influential Chinese philosophies.  Note that we are briefly skimming through thousands of years of Chinese history.Sources:Notes taken from Dr. Harry Miller at the University of South Alabama who specializes in Asian HistoryThe Essential World History - Textbookhttps://www.history.com/topics/ancient-china/shang-dynastyhttps://www.britannica.com/event/Spring-and-Autumn-Periodhttps://www.history.com/topics/ancient-china/tang-dynastyhttps://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/taoismhttps://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/confucianismhttps://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mohism/

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience
Excitation creates a distributed pattern of cortical suppression due to varied recurrent input

PaperPlayer biorxiv neuroscience

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 3, 2022


Link to bioRxiv paper: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/2022.08.31.505844v1?rss=1 Authors: O'Rawe, J. F., Zhou, Z., Li, A. J., LaFosse, P. K., Goldbach, H. C., Histed, M. H. Abstract: To support perception, visual cortex transforms sensory-related input, creating neural activity patterns that represent features of the sensory world. These cortical input-output transformations can potentially be strongly influenced by local, recurrent connections between neurons, yet how recurrent connections affect transformations has been unclear. Here we study recurrent influences in mouse V1 by stimulating excitatory neurons and using simulations to determine which features of connectivity can explain the observations. We find that strong visual stimuli suppress many neurons, resulting in a salt-and-pepper pattern of neurons with suppressed and elevated firing. Stimulating excitatory cells optogenetically produces a similar salt-and-pepper pattern of suppression. Cells with suppressed firing are distributed across the cortex, though there is a surround region a few hundred microns from the stimulation center where suppressed neurons outnumber excited neurons. A balanced-state cortical model, with strong heterogeneous recurrent coupling and variability in neurons' inputs, replicates the observed firing rate distributions and dynamics, and also explains prior reports of suppression from single-cell stimulation. Together, the results show this cortical suppression arises via a recurrent network mechanism: excitatory input produces a diverse pattern of neural responses that is substantially different than the pattern of inputs. Copy rights belong to original authors. Visit the link for more info Podcast created by PaperPlayer

Historiansplaining: A historian tells you why everything you know is wrong
China, pt. 2 -- Water and Music: Early Chinese Philosophy

Historiansplaining: A historian tells you why everything you know is wrong

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 30, 2022 83:24


We consider how the crisis of legitimacy and breakdown of order following the downfall of the Zhou dynasty spurred on a flowering of philosophy, as various scholars and sages sought new principles to guide life and achieve harmony, giving rise to the enduring teachings of Taoism and Confucianism, as well as other long-forgotten sects ranging from draconian legalists to humanitarian pacifists. Image: Song-era painting of a landscape with three men laughing, symbolizing Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Please support this podcast to hear patron-only materials, including the recent lecture on Conspiracy Theories: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=5530632

Insightful Babes Podcast
Siendo Voz & Viajando por el Mundo | Quan Zhou | Parte 1 | Español & Spanglish

Insightful Babes Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 26, 2022 26:25


*Episodio en Español + Spanglish* PARTE 1 de 2 Te imaginas empacar tus cosas, dejar tu trabajo, tu ciudad, tu país, y seguir tu intuición a viajar por el mundo & conectarte con tu pasión? Bueno, en este episodio, nuestra invitada especial Quan Zhou Wu, una total Digital Nomad, ilustradora, autora, diseñadora gráfica, escritora en Vogue Spain + El Diario España, nos cuenta sus experiencias al viajar por el mundo y que aparte es voz compartiendo sobre Choques Culturales & mucho más con su blog "Gazpacho Agridulce". VIDEO DE EPISODIO DISPONIBLE EN YOUTUBE PARTE 1: https://youtu.be/qyeCNbpV3OQ PARTE 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_-np95DQ1o Conectate con Quan Zhou Wu: www.quanzhou.es https://www.instagram.com/gazpachoagridulce ------------------- Conectate con Las Insightful Babes: www.insightfulbabes.com Insightful Babes: www.instagram.com/insightfulbabes Diana Contreras www.instagram.com/iammissdiana/ Maria Garibay www.instagram.com/mariagaribay_/

Insightful Babes Podcast
Siendo Voz & Viajando por el Mundo | Quan Zhou | Parte 2 | Español & Spanglish

Insightful Babes Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 26, 2022 43:53


*Episodio en Español + Spanglish* PARTE 2 de 2 Te imaginas empacar tus cosas, dejar tu trabajo, tu ciudad, tu país, y seguir tu intuición a viajar por el mundo & conectarte con tu pasión? Bueno, en este episodio, nuestra invitada especial Quan Zhou Wu, una total Digital Nomad, ilustradora, autora, diseñadora gráfica, escritora en Vogue Spain + El Diario España, nos cuenta sus experiencias al viajar por el mundo y que aparte es voz compartiendo sobre Choques Culturales & mucho más con su blog "Gazpacho Agridulce". VIDEO DE EPISODIO DISPONIBLE EN YOUTUBE PARTE 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_-np95DQ1o PARTE 1: https://youtu.be/qyeCNbpV3OQ Conectate con Quan Zhou Wu: www.quanzhou.es https://www.instagram.com/gazpachoagridulce ------------------- Conectate con Las Insightful Babes: www.insightfulbabes.com Insightful Babes: www.instagram.com/insightfulbabes Diana Contreras www.instagram.com/iammissdiana/ Maria Garibay www.instagram.com/mariagaribay_/

Hlaðvarp Kjarnans
Í austurvegi – Að klífa tré til fiskveiða

Hlaðvarp Kjarnans

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 24, 2022 9:05


Saga þessa málsháttar á upptök sín alla leið aftur á Tímabili hinna stríðandi ríkja, í hinu langlífa Zhou-veldi. Langfrægastur allra frá þessu tímabili var Konfúsíus og þekktasti fylgismaður Konfúsíusar var Mensíus sem Kínverjar kalla Mèngzǐ. Mèngzǐ var frá Qí-veldi, þar sem í dag er Shandong-hérað, og var hann oft boðaður á fund stórhuga konungsins í höllinni til ráðlegginga. Málsháttur dagsins er beint úr samnefndri bók hans sem kallast Mèngzǐ. Þátturinn er þýddur og birtur með leyfi Lazlo Montgomery hjá ©Teacup Media.

Kings and Generals: History for our Future
3.10 Fall and Rise of China: Koxinga & the Revolt of the Three Feudatories

Kings and Generals: History for our Future

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 22, 2022 67:12


Last time we spoke, Sun Kewang, Li Dingguo and Emperor Yongli formed a sort of trinity that was chipping away at the Qing dynasty. Each man had his talents and combined they proved a formidable foe, but divided would they fall. Sun Kewang's jealousy led him to butt heads with Li Dingguo undermining all the success they had made. When Sun Kewang was defeated a part of the trinity was gone and the forces of Li Dingguo and Emperor Yongli could not hope to stand against the Qing invaders as they marched into Yunnan. Emperor Yongli took flight to Burma forcing Li Dingguo to spend years trying to rescue him from the Burmese while fighting off the looming Qing menace. In the end even Li Dingguo could not stop the inevitable as he and Emperor Yongli fell. Now the Qing can face their last looming menace, the King of Taiwan, Koxinga.    This episode is Koxinga & the revolt of the three feudatories   Welcome to the Fall and Rise of China Podcast, I am your dutiful host Craig Watson. But, before we start I want to also remind you this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Perhaps you want to learn more about the history of Asia? Kings and Generals have an assortment of episodes on the history of asia and much more  so go give them a look over on Youtube. So please subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry for some more history related content, over on my channel, the Pacific War Channel where I cover the history of China and Japan from the 19th century until the end of the Pacific War. I have repeatedly said his name, in the west we know him as Koxinga, his actual name being Zheng Chenggong.  It would be his marine forces that would fight the Qing Dynasty until the bitter end. He was born with the name Zheng Sen in 1624, in Hirado Japan, to Zheng Zhilong a chinese merchant and a Japanese woman named Tagawa Matsu. When Zheng was 7 years old, his father had business interests in Quanzhou and the family moved to Fujian province. His father would end up becoming one of the richest men in China and an Admiral under the Ming Dynasty. Zheng Zhilong operated a pirate fleet of over 800 ships along the coast from Japan to Vietnam. The Ming appointed him “admiral of the coastal seas” and he basically was tasked with repeling other pirates and the Dutch East Indies Company. The fruits of his labor wound him up grabbing over 60% of Fujian province land. Zheng Sen would pass the imperial examination at the age of 14 in 1638 becoming one of 12 Linshansheng of Nan'an. Linshansheng basically means the best of the best as students go. In Nan'an, Zheng married the niece of a Ming official named Dong Yangxian who was a Jinshi, meaning he held the highest imperial exam degree, so basically Zheng was brushing shoulders with giants so to say. In 1644 he studied at the imperial Nanking University.   When the Qing captured Beijing, Zheng's father, Zheng Zhilong continued to serve the Ming moving to Nanjing, then after the capture of Nanjing in 1645 accepted an offer to serve  as commander in chief of the Ming forces working under the Prince of Tang in Fuzhou. It seems the war of resistance had gone to terribly for Zheng Zhilong because he became a turncoat in 1646, intentionally leaving the Zhejiang pass unguarded and allowed the Qing to capture Fuzhou. Zheng Zhilong defected to the Qing, but the Zheng army's control lay firmly in his brothers and sons hands. That son, Zheng Sen refused to defect to the Qing and would take most of the Zheng army with him, causing problems. As for his wife Tagawa Matsu, it is alleged the Qing went to Anhai where she was residing in a castle, which I found particularly interesting since this is during the Sakoku period and it was illegal for Japanese to leave the country. Anyways its alleged the Qing marched upon the castle where she was and raped and or killed her. Other stories state she committed suicide while resisting the Qing. Regardless of the implications of her death, the Qing knew they could not trust Zheng Zhilong and would have him put under house arrest for many years until they executed him in 1661. It is said in 1646, while Zheng Sen was busy fighting off the Qing he managed to return to Quanzhou where he discovered his mother had been murdered or committed suicide because of the Qing and thus rebellion was firmly placed in his heart. I cant really get into it but there is an entire mythos around lady Tagawa and multiple perceptions on her and her legacy.    When the Qing took Beijing and gave their head shaving proclamation, Zheng Sen  refused and it is said his will was “as strong and firm as a mountain”. As I had said the Zheng army did not all follow Zheng Zhilong and defect with the Qing, many would follow Zheng Sen. Soon Zheng Sen recruited more followers and organized allied armies in Nan'an Guangdong. When Emperor Hongguang took the mantle, Zheng Sen flocked over to him in Nanking. When Emperor Hongguang was defeated and executed, Emperor Longwu rose up with support from Zheng's father. Emperor Longwu established himself in Fuzhou and the natural defenses of Fujian allowed him to remain safe for some time. Emperor Longwu granted Zheng Sen the name Chenggong and the title of Koxinga “lord of the Imperial Surname”.    In 1646 Koxinga led the Ming armies to resist the Qing, much to his fathers displeasure who wished for a more defensive stance. When the Qing finally broke into Fujian, as I mentioned Zheng Zhilong literally opened the door to them, leaving Emperor Longwu isolated agaisnt the Qing. After the Emperor Longwu was defeated and executed, the Qing approached Zheng Zhilong and got him to defect and secretly appointed him governor of Fujian and Guangdong. Despite the betrayal of his father, Koxinga chose to fight on and led Zheng Zhilong's marine forces to attack Tong'an, Haicheng, Zhangfu and captured Quanzhou and Minan. Because the Qing never placed much emphasis on naval matters, Koxinga's naval forces basically could pick and choose at will where to do amphibious assaults providing him with many successful raids. Zheng Zhilong would send letters to his son asking him to defect to the Qing like he did, but they were to no avail and Koxinga pledged his allegiance to the only remaining claimant to the throne the Emperor of flight Yongli. Before Koxinga could get to Emperor Yongli he as you guessed it began the process of fleeing and this basically resulted in Koxinga never being able to link up with him. As a result Koxinga chose to concentrate on the southeast coast of China where he could safely move via his naval forces. Koxinga's army soon established its base of operations in Kinmen and Xiamen. Using his base of Kinmen and Xiamen, Koxinga established a marine trade network and the anti-Qing forces grew quickly. By 1652 Koxinga led a force of 100,000 to attack Haicheng, Changtai, Zhangzhou, Zhangfu amongst other places. He also greatly benefitted by working alongside the Daxi army. In 1653 Koxinga tried to coordinate with Li Dingguo's army in Guangxi and deployed his navy southwards towards Chaozhou. The following year Li and Koxinga agreed to meet in Guangdong and attack Xinhui together, but this plan never came to fruition. Koxinga's forces simply took too long to get there and Li Dingguo's army was defeated and he had to retreat to Guangxi. In 1655, Koxinga attacked the coastal area of Fujian defeating several Qing armies. Koxinga and Li then planned a northern campaign where they would coordinate rear and frontal attacks upon the Qing.    In may of 1656, the Qing sent Prince Jidu to attack Koxinga's territory. Jidu's forces attacked Kinmen island, Koxinga's main base for training his troops. However a storm at sea battered the Qing ships and as a result they lost the battle against the Kinmen island. This also weakened Qing naval forces in the Fujian coastal area, opening many places for attacks by Koxinga. Then in 1658 the Qing armies carried large offensives against Li Dingguo in the southwestern area, prompting Koxinga to strike at the coastal areas in Zhejiang to try and relieve Li Dingguo's forces. However Koxinga's navy was hit by a hurricane at sea and they were forced to withdraw. This did not stop Koxinga from sending a large army to Zhoushan however, where he sought a base of operations to stage a siege of Nanjing. Koxinga however was quite eager and publicly proclaimed his intent to siege Nanjing, giving the Qing ample time and reason to prepare stronger defenses there.   In 1659 Koxinga marched north alongside his colleague Zhang Huangyan capturing Guazhou and Zhenjing before they would besiege Nanjing. They sprang through the Yangtze River with their navy igniting resistance everywhere they went against the Qing. Koxinga's naval operations in the Yangtze River would hinder Qing supply routes and effectively were starving Beijing out, stressing the hell out of the Qing court. If it is to be believed, an account by a French missionary in Beijing reported they court considered packing up and going back to Manchuria because of what was essential a naval blockade of Beijing. Things got so bad in Beijing the French missionary states the populace of Beijing was waiting to see who would win the siege of Nanjing and were looking to join that said winner. The Qing were reportedly terrified of Koxinga's “iron troops” who were rumored to be invincible.    The siege of Nanjing shocked the Qing, but Koxinga became cocky and in his arrogance he took his enemy lightly. He publicly announced to the populace all they had to do was to join his cause and that he would occupy Nanjing in short time. Koxinga believed that by taking Nanjing he could firmly blockade the grand canal and starve out Beijing  forcing them to pack up and run back to Manchuria, if the sources I talked about before are to be believed, it looks like his plan was working. Lang Tingzuo the governor trapped in Nanjing began to negotiate with Koxinga and Zhang, but in truth he was biding time for the Qing forces to come to the rescue. Despite Koxinga's best efforts besieging Nanjing,  the city was never completely encircled and thus able to obtain supplies and reinforcements in the form of the Qing General Liang Huafeng. After 3 weeks of the siege, suddenly General Liang and his army burst out the gates of Nanjing in a cavalry charge as the Ming forces were busy partying and they were smashed. The entire Ming army fell into disarray and began to retreat back to their ships and Koxinga was forced to withdraw back to Xiamen.  Meanwhile his colleague Zhang had taken a ton of their forces to hit Anhui and was now left high and dry. Zhang's army was eventually and  completely collapsed, but the commander was able to escape to Tiantai where he tried to form another resistance in the mountain range. He would fail to produce anything and by 1664 was captured and executed by the Qing.   Koxinga had lost half his land army, his colleague and many other officers because of his arrogant attack on Nanjing. It seems Koxinga suffered tremendous psychological damage from the major defeat and the loss of so many members of his family. He was known to be quite mentally unstable and had a horrible temper and tendency to order executions at a whim. A Dutch doctor named Christian Beyer who treated him believed he may have been suffering from Syphilis, some other contemporaries believed his mentality was the result of his Japanese upbringing in the form of “samurai ideals on bravery” like laughing to showcase his anger and being prone to quick violence. According to Dr Li Yengyue, he stated Koxinga most likely suffered from depressive insanity.  At this time Li Dingguo's forces were being pushed further southwest and quite simply, the situation did not look good to say the least. This led Koxinga to gather all his officials in secret and tell them he now intended to occupy Taiwan and establish a base there from which they could all settle with their families in safety. He said that perhaps there they could unite all those who were loyal to the Ming and one day they would launch an attack on the Qing and fight the enemy without having to worry about the lives of their families. Thus when the Qing marched upon his stronghold of Xiamen in 1660, Koxinga instead of offering battle sailed off with over 400 war junks and 25,000 troops to Taiwan. Before the departure Koxinga had received a map of Taiwan from a Chinese merchant named He Bin who worked for the Dutch East India company.   It was also during this time when Koxinga had the family of one of his admirals named Shi Lang killed because the admiral allegedly was planning to defect to the Qing, though some sources say he simply had disobeyed an order, sheesh. Regardless after the murder of his family admiral Shi Lang promptly sailed off to defect to the Qing. The Qing were very happy to receive Shi Lang as he held extensive naval experience and had a network of contacts in major trading ports all over east asia. He would become absolutely instrumental to the Qing naval buildup and would emerge late into this story and he held a blood feud with the Zheng family henceforth.   Now the Chinese merchant who gave Koxinga the map, guided the Koxinga's naval force to land on Wei Island and Haliao Island, thereby avoiding the artillery placements within the channel of Taiwan.  Koxinga's forces managed to land at Pengdu Taiwan in 1661 and Koxinga soon led his forces to attack Dutch colonists proclaiming to them "Hitherto this island had always belonged to China, and the Dutch had doubtless been permitted to live there, seeing that the Chinese did not require it for themselves; but requiring it now, it was only fair that Dutch strangers, who came from far regions, should give way to the masters of the island.". They marched to Leurmeng where they fought small groups of Taiwanese aborigines and Dutch resistance. In the bay of Lakjemuyse 3 Dutch ships attacked and destroyed several of Koxinga's junks, but then one of his junks got a lucky shot off exploding a gunpowder supply aboard the Dutch flagship Hector sinking her. The 2 other Dutch warships, were not enough to fight off the large force of junks and had to flee.   Here is an abridged account given by Frederick Coyett, the colonial governor of Dutch held Taiwan about Koxinga's landing. The forces of Koxinga showed up armed with bows and arrows, others had shields and swords. Everyone was wearing coats of iron scales (by the way there is an artist rendition of the soldiers by a contemporary named Georg Franz Muller, worth checking out it looks awesome). The armor allowed for complete protection from a rifle bullet and allowed the wearer great mobility. Their archers were their best troops and their skill was so great it nearly eclipsed that of riflemen. They used shield men to form human walls and Koxinga had 2 companies of “black boys”, many of whom were former Dutch slaves that knew how to use rifles and muskets. They proved quite effective marksmen and caused a lot of harm to the Dutch in Taiwan.    As Koxinga's force charged in rows of 12 men and when they were near enough sent 3 volleys of fire uniformly. The storm of arrows that came forth upon the dutch seemed to darken the sky (a herodotus moment). The Dutch expected their return fire to send the enemy fleeing, but they did not, in fact the Chinese held firm against them and in short time the Dutch realized to their horror that Koxinga sent a squadron behind them and they attacked from the rear. While the Dutch proved courageous at the beginning of the battle, now they were stricken with fear and many Dutch riflemen tossed their rifles without even firing them and began to run. As they faltered and fled, the Chinese saw the disorder and pressed their attack more vigorously. The Chinese force charged and cut down the Dutch and the battle raged on until the Dutch captain Thomas Bedell and 180 of his men were slain.    After defeating the Dutch force when they landed, Koxinga laid siege to the main fortress, Fort Zeelandia using some of his 100 cannons on hand. They outnumbered the garrison there 20 to 1 and the bombardment demolished the roof of the Dutch governors residence. The Dutch return fired from bastion forts killing hundreds of Koxinga's men. Koxinga's cannons proved ineffective against the walls, the Dutch governor wrote that after viewing the alignment of the Chinese cannons, he noticed they were placed quite badly, were unprotected and easy to hit with their own cannons. In the end the Chinese cannons only did some light damage to a few houses. Koxinga was shocked and enraged by the lack of damage to the fortresses walls and decided to give up the bombardment and simply to being starving the Dutch out. On April 4th Koxinga sent his army to besiege the smaller fortress of Fort Provintia, catching its commander Jacob Valentyn and his 140 men, completely off guard. Valentyn had to surrender without putting up much of a fight.   By late May, news of the Siege of Fort Zeelandia reached Jakarta and the Dutch East India Company dispatched 12 ships with 700 soldiers to relieve the fort. The relief force ran into Koxinga's naval blockade and they engaged in battle. However Koxinga had hundreds of war junks and as the Dutch ships tried to fire upon them their aim ended up being too high. Basically of the height difference between the Chinese war junks and Dutch ships, this made aiming the cannons difficult as they cant pivot downwards, so you have to rely upon distance calculations and that in turn is not easy when the enemy knows to just close in on you and are firing upon you. Some of the smaller Dutch ships tried to lure some of the Chinese war junks into a narrow strait with a feigned withdrawal. But as they were doing so, the wind suddenly seized on them, and with only paddles available the Chinese caught up to them and massacred their crews with pikes. It is also alleged the Chinese caught many Dutch lobed grenades using nets and tossed them right back at them, that sounds like a nasty game of hot potato. The Dutch flagship Koukercken was hit by a Chinese cannon after running around and quickly sunk. Another Dutch ship hit ashore and the crew had to run for their lives for Fort Zeelandia. The remaining Dutch fleet eventually scattered and withdrew, all in all they took 130 casualties. By December Koxinga was given reports that the garrison of Fort Zeelandia was losing morale and thus he decided to launch another large offensive, but was repelled again by superior Dutch cannons.    By January 12th of 1662, Koxingas fleet began to help bombard the fort as his ground forces assaulted. With supplies running out and no sign of reinforcements, Governor Coyett hoisted the white flag and began to negotiate terms of surrender, finalizing them by february 1st. By February the 9th the Dutch left Taiwan and were allowed to take their personal belongings and provisions.    Now this siege was honestly a pretty horrible affair aside from the normal war actions. Prisoners on both sides were subjected to some rather gruesome torture. A Dutch physician allegedly carried out a vivisection on a Chinese prisoner and there were reports that the Chinese amputated noses, ears, limbs and genitals of Dutch prisoners. Apparently the Chinese would stuff their mouths with amputated genitals and send the corpses back to Fort Zeelandia, some really messed up stuff. One Dutch prisoner, a missionary named Antonius Hambroek was sent as an envoy to Fort Zeelandia to ask for their surrender, if he failed he was to be killed. Hambroek went to the Fort where 2 of his daughters were residing and urged everyone to surrender, but they did not and thus he came back to Koxinga's camp and was promptly beheaded. Another one of Hambroeks daughters had been captured prior to the siege and Koxinga made her a concubine. Other Dutch women and children that were captured prior to the siege were enslaved and sold to Chinese soldiers. 38 years of Dutch rule over Taiwan had ended and Koxinga would use Taiwan as a military base for Ming loyalists.   The Taiwanese aboriginals played both sides during the conflict. For example when Koxinga's men landed in Taiwan one tribal alliance known as the Kingdom of Middag invited Koxingas subordinate Chen Ze and his men to eat and rest with them only to kill them all in their sleep, allegedly 1500 soldiers. This was followed up by an ambush attack that would cost Koxinga the lives of 700 soldiers. More and more tribal attacks mounted and the brutality pushed Koxinga to offer the aboriginals amnesty and to help get rid of the Dutch. Many of the aboriginals were delighted by the chance to rid themselves of the Dutch and began to hunt Dutch colonists down, helped execute Dutch prisoners and burnt Dutch books used to educate them. Koxinga then rewarded the aboriginals with Ming clothes, made feasts for them, gave them countless gifts such as tobacco, farming tools and oxen and taught them new farming techniques.    Koxinga had a large problem after his major victory, Taiwan's population was estimated to be no greater than 100,000, yet he brought with him almost 30,000 soldiers and their families, so food was going to run out and very quick. Thus Koxinga set to institute a tuntian policy, that being that soldiers would serve a dual role, that of warrior and farmer. All the rich and fertile lands the Dutch held were immediately cut up and distrubed to his higher ranking officers. Much of the aboriginal held territory on the eastern half of Taiwan would also be distributed to Koxinga's men and I would imagine that was a bloody ordeal taking the land. Then Koxinga set his eyes on piracy performing raids against several locations near Taiwan such as the Philippines and even demanded the Spanish colonial government pay him tribute, threatening to attack Manila if they did not comply. The Spanish refused to pay any tribute and instead prepared the defenses of Manila. Koxinga's naval force raided several coastal towns in the Philippines but before he could perform any real sort of invasion, in June of 1662 Koxinga suddenly died of malaria. Koxinga's son Zheng Jing succeeded his father and became King of Tungning. Zheng wanted to continue his fathers planned invasion of the Philippines, but it turns out his fathers little war against the Dutch did not go unnoticed by the Qing.    Back on the mainland, after Koxinga left and sailed for Taiwan, the Qing began to reimplemented the Haijin “sea ban” in 1647. The Haijin had been used in the past mostly to target Japanese piracy. Basically it was an attempt to force all sea trade coming in to be under strict regulation handled by Ming officials. The limited sea trade was to be “tributary missions” between the Ming dynasty and their vassals, such as Korea. Any private foreign trade was punishable by death and as you can imagine all this led up to was an increase in piracy and the formation of many smugglers along the eastern coast of china. The entire idea was to starve out Taiwan by denying them trade with the eastern coast of China. But when the Haijin was reimplemented it led to entire communities along the eatern Chinese coast to be uprooted from their native place and they were being deprived of their means of livelihood. So many communities simply had to get up and settle somewhere else where they could. This sent many coastal areas into chaos. This ironically led countless amounts of refugees from the eastern chinese coast to flee to Taiwan. Then in 1663 the Qing formed an alliance with the Dutch East India Company against the Ming loyalists in Fujian and Taiwan. The Dutch for their part sought the alliance simply to recapture Taiwan.   In October of 1663 a combined fleet of Qing and Dutch attacked and captured Xiamen and Kinmen from the Ming loyalists. Then in 1664 the combined fleet attacked Zheng Jing's navy but ended up losing because it was simply to immense. One of the Qing admirals, a certain Shi Lang, remember that guy, yeah he like I said held a blood grudge against Zheng's family, well he  advised the Qing that the Dutch were only aiding them so they could recapture Taiwan. He said that they did not really require the Dutch naval aid and that he could lead the Qing navy to take Taiwan back on his own. Thus the alliance fell apart.   The Dutch who were probably very pissed off now then began raiding the Zhoushan Islands where they looted relics and killed Monks at a buddhist complex at Putuoshan in 1665, pretty mean thing to do. Zheng Jing's navy attacked them for this, capturing and executing 34 Dutch sailors. In 1672 Zheng Jing would attack the Dutch again, managing to ambush the Dutch ship Cuylenburg in 1672 off the coast of northeastern Taiwan. So a bit of a long lasting war between the Dutch and Ming loyalists remains in the background.    Now from the offset of his enthronement, Zheng Jing actually attempted to reconcile with the Qing, he sought to make Taiwan an autonomous state. Yet he refused their demands that he shave his head in the Manchu fashion nor would he pay tribute to the Qing dynasty. The Qing's response initially as I had mentioned was a policy of trying to starve Taiwan out using the Haijin. This sent the populace of the southeastern coast into chaos and Zheng Jing continued to raid as the Qing really could not stop his larger navy. The Haijin like I said earlier had a disastrous and ironic effect. Soon there was a giant influx of the populace fleeing for Taiwan. Seeing the opportunity, Zheng promoted the immigration heavily and began proclaiming tons of promises and major opportunities for anyone who wished to immigrate to his kingdom. The enticement of land ownership and cultivation in exchange for military service suited many of the immigrant peasants quite fine, I mean for most there was simply no choice. And it was not just peasants who came, a ton of Ming loyalists used the opportunity to flee the mainland from persecution as well. All of this led to quite an enormous boom for Taiwan. A ton of reforms came into effect to meet the needs of the growing populace, agricultural, education, trade, industry and so on. Zheng's main advisor, Chen Yonghua also helped introduce the deliberate cultivation of sugar cane and other cash crops which was further traded with Europeans who helped bring over machinery for mass sugar refining. The sugar economy allowed Taiwan to become economically self-sufficient and a booming relationship sprang with the British. Its funny how the British swoop in and steal all former Dutch things isnt it haha? The Qing tried to thwart all of this with the more intensive Haijin edict, but it only made the situation worse. It was not just Taiwan that was a thorn in their side, the head shaving order had caused a great influx of the populace to emigrate to other places than Taiwan, such as Jakarta and the Philippines. The Haijin and brief Qing-Dutch naval alliance had caused Zheng Jing to intensively exploit the lands of Taiwan and as you might guess this meant running into conflict with the aboriginals. The brutality grew gradually and Zheng's kingdom would put down many aboriginal rebellions against his land grabbing and taxes. A series of conflicts with the Saisiyat people in particular left them absolutely decimated and they lost most of their land to Zheng's kingdom. Zheng Jing's kingdom enjoyed a maritime trade network with the european colonies in the Pacific, Japan and SouthEast Asia.    Now for over 19 years, Zheng tried to negotiate a peace with the now Kangxi emperor, as Emperor Shunzhi died of smallpox in 1661. Despite the peace talks, Zheng never gave up the cause of restoring the Ming Dynasty and one last hooray would occur. Going back to the mainland, when the Qing finally broke the last leaders of the South Ming regime, Li Dingguo, Sun Kewang and Emperor Yongli, they had managed to do this using a lot of Han chinese. It was only logical that they would install more and more Han Chinese to govern the territories that they conquered. Yet by installing certain Han and defected former Ming loyalists in parts of the realm with varying levels of authority led to a few warlords emerging. One was Shang Kexi, a former Ming general who defected very early on in 1634 and one of the most powerful generals to do so. He was given the title “pingnan wang” “prince who pacifies the south” and helped conquer the southern province of Guangdong. When the task was finished he was made governor of Guangdong holding full civil and military authority. By 1673, Shang Kexi was very old and asked permission from Emperor Kangxi to retire and go back to his homeland of Liaodong. Permission was granted and his son Shang Zhixin would take up the mantle of Prince of Pingnan. However, Shang Zhixin and his father would soon be embroiled into a revolt by the actions of others as we will soon see.   Geng Zhongming was a Ming general who served under the Ming warlord Mao Wenlong “the sea king” if you listened to some earlier episodes. Well Geng Zhongming alongside Kong Youde ended up defecting to the Qing and aided in their conquest of the south. Geng Zhongming eventually died and his son Geng Jimao inherited his title of Jingnan Prince (which also means prince of pacifying the south just like pingnang wang) and aided in hunting down Li Dingguo and pacifying the southeast of China. Geng Jimao managed to get both his sons Geng Jingzhong and Zhaozhong to become court attendants under the Qing emperor Shunzhi and married Aisin Gioro women. His son Geng Jingzhong would inherit his fathers titles including the governorship of Fujian province and would become a warlord in Fujian which held a strong naval force.   Wu Sangui who we know quite well was the Ming General who literally opened the door for the Qing to help destroy the forces of Li Zicheng, but this also led to the Qing taking Beijing. Now Wu's career was a lengthy one, he helped defeat Li Zicheng who executed over 38 members of Wu's family, so a large grudge there. For his service against Li, Wu was given the “Qin wang” Prince of Blood title and helped fight the Daxi army in the south alongside Shang Kexi. Wu had the absolutely horrifying job of pacifying Sichuan against the hordes of differing bandit armies and South Ming loyalists. Then Wu became instrumental in the fight against Sun, Li and Yongli eventually defeating them and bringing the far reaches of Yunnan under the Qing yolk. Now the Qing were uncomfortable placing Manchu bannermen so far away in Yunnan or Guizhou and thus the job was given to Wu. He was given the title of Pingxi Wang “Prince who pacifies the West” and control over Yunnan and Guizhou. Wu was granted permission by Emperor Shunzhi to appoint and promote his own officials as well as being given the rare privilege to have first dibs on warhorses before other Qing armies. By that point because of the war against Li Dingguo, Wu already had a large army at his control, around 60,000 men. The Qing were very wary of Wu, but his rule of Yunnan had thus far caused no headaches. Wu inevitably became a semi-independent warlord because of the great distance. All the money he received from taxation within Yunnan and that funds he received from Beijing were spent to expand his military primarily, guess why?    So lets just summarize all of this. As a result of their great aid to the Qing defeating the South Ming regime, basically most of south China was handed over to 3 defected Ming generals.  Basically they were awarded large fiefdoms within the Qing dynasty. Wu Sangui was granted governorship of Yunnan and Guizhou. Shang Kexi got Guangdong and Geng Zhongming got Fujian. Each man had their own military force and control over the taxation and other civil administration of their respective fiefs. In the 1660's each man began to ask for Qing government subsidies to keep them loyal, averaging around 10 million taels of silver annually.  Wu spent several million taels of silver building up his military, up to an estimated third of the Qing governments revenue from taxes. Geng Zhongming was quite a tyrant in his fiefdom and extorted the populace quite harshly before dying upon which his fiefdom fell to his son Geng Jimao and then to his son Geng Jingzhong as I mentioned. Shang Kexi ran a similar tyranny to Geng Zhongming in Guangdong and the combined 3 fiefs emptied the Qing treasury quite quickly. Another large issue was each man simply assumed and expected his feudaltory would be handed down to his offspring, but that was to be decided by the Qing Emperor not them.When Emperor Kangxi took the throne the 3 fief provinces had become financial burdens on the Qing government and their growing autonomous control of each province were becoming a major threat to the Qing dynasty.    In 1673, Shang Kexi sent a memorial to Emperor Kangxi stating “I am already 70 years old and have become weak. I hope I can be allowed to go back to Liaodong, my home place, to spend my old age. In the past I was granted land and houses in Liaodong. I hope that your Majesty will grant the land and houses to me again. I will take some officers and soldiers and old people who have been under me, 4394 households all together, to go back with me. There are 24,375 men and women in all. I hope the department concerned will provide food for all these people on their way to Liaodong”.  Emperor Kangxi replied  “Since you sailed from the island to submit to our dynasty, you have worked very hard and established great contributions. You have garrisoned in Guangdong Province for many years. I know from your memorial that you are already 70 years old. You want to go back to Liaodong. You are very sincere in your memorial. From this I can see that you are respectful and submissive and have the overall interest at heart. I am very pleased about that. Now Guangdong Province has been pacified. I will order the Kings in charge of government affairs, court officials and the officials of the Ministry of Revenue and the Ministry of Defense to discuss how to arrange the migration and settlement of the officers and men under you. I will let you know when they have made a decision.”. Oh but there will of course be a catch, for 2 weeks later Emperor Kangxi received another letter ““In the memorial presented by Shang KeXi to Your Majesty he says that he is already old and ill. He asked Your Majesty's permission to let his son Shang Zhi Xin to succeed his title of King of Pingnan. But now Shang KeXi is still alive. There is no precedent that the son can succeed his father's title when his father is still alive. So it is not necessary to consider whether or not to allow his son to succeed his title.”. Emperor Kangxi agreed to this with some stipulations about numbers of military personnel and such.   Then in July of 1673, Wu Sangui asked to be permitted to retire just like Shang Kexi and to be able to “settle down in some place”, the Emperor said he would speak to the court to arrange the migration. Then a week later, Geng Jingzhong asked the exact same thing and the Emperor said he would speak to the court. The court was divided on the issue, and against the majority in the court Emperor Kangxi decided to allow each man to have their wish. Wu Sangui was going to be given land in Guizhou, but he frantically sent word to Emperor Kangxi that he required a larger land because his officers families were many. It was a bit audacious and curious that Wu Sangui began with “settle down in some place” and turned it into “oh but I really need a much bigger place than that”, it was like he was asking for something he knew he could not have.  It turns out, Wu Sangui had assumed when he asked permission to retire that the Qing court would instead try everything they could to persuade him not to retire and to stay in Yunnan. That way they might give him even more autonomy and money thus enabling him to continue building his autonomous state even more. When the emperor said yes to his request it must have been a real shock and to make matters worse for Wu, the emperor immediately began the process of migrating him and his men so he freaked out.    So in 1673, Wu Sangui cut off his provinces connections to the Qing dynasty and began a rebellion under the banner of “Fǎn qīng fùmíng” “oppose the qing and restore the ming”. He was supported by his son Wu Shifan and other Ming loyalists in Yunnan, soon they all cut off their Manchu queues and he sent loyal commanders to garrison strategic passes into Yunnan.  The provincial governor of Yunnan Zhu Guo Zhi refused to join him and so Wu had him assassinated.  By 1678 Wu would declare a new dynasty, here we go again meme, giving himself the title King of Zhou and Great Marshal of the Expedition Army. And thus the Zhou dynasty was born. Wu Sangui ordered all of his followers to cut their Manchu queues and for all the banners to be white, and issued white military uniforms. The next order of business was sending word to Shang Kexi the Prince of Pingnan and Geng Jingzhong the Prince of Jingnan asking them to join the rebellion. Wu Sangui sent his loyal general Ma Bao to command a vanguard and march on Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou. All of Guizhou surrendered without a fight. Soon word got out of the rebellion and the colossal failure of Guizhou to defend itself. Emperor Kangxi immediately ordered the migration of Shang Kexi and Geng Jingzhong to be stopped and began to rally his army to meet the new threat. Generals from multiple provinces were assembled and estimates range quite a lot. Some say 500,000 some say up to a million troops, with the majority being Han Chinese of the Green Standard army were mustered. Emperor Kangxi promised any general who brought him Wu Sangui's head would receive all the titles which Wu had held and any general that brought the heads of Wu's generals would receive whatever titles those generals held, pretty big incentive. Emperor Kangxi also arrested and executed one of Wu Sangui's sons who unfortunately was still in Beijing at the time named Wu Yingxiong.    Wu Sangui's army set out of Guizhou and attacked Yuanzhou of Hunan province. Next Chenzhou, then his army split up taking Hengzhou, Lizhou, Yuezhou and Changsha. Most of the governors simply fled for their lives. Then Wu's army marched into Hubei province attacking Yichang, Xiangyang, Yunyang where he defeated multiple armies. Emperor Kangxi furiously ordered some of his generals to rush to Wuchang as it was strategically important and had to be defended. The southern Qing forces had not been prepared to face the well trained army of Wu Sangui and were falling like dominoes. To make matters worse many rallied to Wu Sangui's cause, such as Sun Yanling, a general in Guangxi. Soon Wu's army was in Sichuan causing havoc, everywhere Wu's army went there were either military defeats for the Qing, retreats or defections.    Then in March of 1674 Geng Jingzhong began a rebellion in Fujian declaring himself Grand General of All the Armies. Soon his forces took Yanping, Shaowu, Funing, Jianning and Tingzhou. Then Geng Jingzhong and Wu Sangui managed to form an agreement that they should combine forces and hit Jiangxi province together. At the same time Geng Jingzhong sent an envoy to our old friend Zheng Jing  the king of Taiwan to come join the party by attacking prefectures and counties across the coast. Soon Geng Jingzhongs forces took Jiangshan, Pingyang, Wenzhou, Yueqing, Tiantai, Xianju and Chengxian. He defeated countless armies, rallied many to his cause and earned many defectors amassing an army of 100,000. Then he set out to attack Shaoxing, Ningpo, Huangyan, Jinhua before marching into Jiangxi province. From there Geng and wu took Guangxin, Jianchang, Raozhou, Kaihua, Shouchang, Chun'an, Huizhou, Wuyuan and Qimen. Thus his forces had hit the provinces of Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang and Anhui. The Southeast of China was in utter chaos.   Meanwhile Shang Kexi notified Emperor Kangxi of Geng Jingzhong's rebellion early. Shang Kexi was loosely related to Geng Jingzhong, his son Shang Zhixin's wife was Geng's younger sister. Now that Geng Jingzhong was rebelling, he knew people would suspect he was going to rebel, but he did not want to. I mean hell the guy is 70 years old, he just wanted to retire. So he asked Emperor Kangxi if he could prove his loyalty by protecting Guangdong Province from the rebels and give his life in doing so. The Emperor was moved by this and ordered more units and money be made available to Shang Kexi for the task. Now remember, Shang Kexi was also the guy who got the confirmation that his son Shang Zhixin would inherit all he had, titles and all.    When Wu Sangui began the rebellion, Emperor Kangxi was 20 years old and Wu assumed he was a “green horn” IE: a incompetant young man with no real experience and thus a push over. But very soon Wu Sangui would be facing the full might of the entire Qing Dynasty and he certainly began to regret his decision to rebel. When his army reached Lizhou he got word that the Emperor had executed his son Wu Yingxiong and his grandson. Allegedly he was eating a meal when a messenger told him this and he exclaimed “The young emperor is so capable! I am doomed to fail”. An odd quote to say the least given the circumstances, but thats how one of my sources put it….I'd rather think he'd shout in grief or something.    Emperor Kangxi dispatched many Generals to help Shang Kexi attack the rebels occupying Yuezhou as Wu Sangui set up defenses there and sent expeditionary forces to march into Jiangxi province. The expeditionary forces took Nankang, Duchang and then Wu Sangui sent more expeditionary forces out of Changsha to hit Pingxiang, Anfu, Shanggao and Xinchang. Emperor Kangxi responded by throwing titles out to countless officials ordering them to suppress all the rebel forces spreading like wildfire, honestly I can't list the mount of Princes that spring up. Countless Qing generals and governors fought and died to the rebel armies. By january of 1675 Emperor Kangxi ordered Grand General Yuele positioned in Yuanzhou to recapture Changsha. Yuele led his forces to take Nanchang, Shanggao, Xinchang, Donxiang, Wannian, Anren and Xincheng defeating countless rebels. When his force made it to Pingxiang they were repelled. At this point Wu Sangui ordered his men to build wooden fortresses to defend cities without natural defenses and to build log barriers to thwart cavalry, log obstacles in the rivers to thwart naval forces and traps everywhere. Then Wu Sangui told his troops he was going to cross the Yangtze River and break the dike near Jingzhou to immerse the city in water. While this was to occur he ordered some subordinates to attack Yunyang, Junzhou and Nanzhang.   In 1676 Wu Sangui's forces approached Guangdong and Shang Kexi was seriously ill leaving his son Shang Zhixin in charge of the defense. Many forces defected to Wu Sangui and allegedly in an effort to save his father, Shang Zhixin defected and became a grand general in Wu's army. Ironically and rather tragically it seems the surrender broke Shang Kexi's heart and he died. In December Shang Zhixin regretted his defection so much he sent a secret envoy to Emperor Kangxi begging to be allowed to defect back over to the Qing and Emperor Kangxi accepted him with open arms right back. Quite a few rebel generals began to defect back to the Qing and the Emperor kept a policy of extreme leniency hoping to win many over without bloodshed. These were after all his subjects and the emperor understood the need to avoid bloodshed whenever possible. Wu Sangui sent forces to attack Ji'an while Yuele made a second attempt attacking Pingxiang. Yuele's forces had destroyed 12 enemy fortresses and killed more than 10,000 rebels before the rebel commander of Pingxiang fled. After taking Pingxiang, Yuele marched on Liling and Liuyang before finally attacking his tasked objective Changsha. Meanwhile Emperor Kangxi also dispatched forces into Zhejiang Province to attack Geng Jingzhong. In 1676 they attacked Wenzhou fighting fiercely and taking multiple fortresses. Despite a fierce month long siege, Wenzhou withstood the Qing and thus they bypassed it to march into Fujian province taking Jiangshan first. Meanwhile Zheng Jing's force arrived at Xinghua Bay to attack Fuzhou, but Geng Jingzhong was at the end of his resources and ended up asking permission to defect to Emperor Kangxi. He asked Emperor Kangxi permission to show his newfound loyalty by attacking Zheng Jing's invading force at Fuzhou. Emperor Kangxi accepted the offer and said he could resume his title of King of Jingnan if he was successful. The forces of Geng Jingzhong, heavily supported by the Qing army sent initially to defeat him mind you, easily defeated Zheng Jing's force sending him packing back to Taiwan. A real game of thrones.    By 1677 Wu Sangui's army were facing stalemates all over the place and Yuele successfully captured Changsha. Then Ji'an fell as many of Wu's men simply retreated. By 1678 Yuele recovered Pinjiang and Xiangyin defeating countless rebels and accepting many surrenders. Then Wu Sangui sent one of his most formidable generals Ma Bao to attack Yongxing and he died in battle failing to take the city. Wu Sangui was 67 years old, 6 years had passed since he began the rebellion. The vast territory he had taken in its peak was declining rapidly. His army was greatly weakened, but despite all of this many of his officials pleaded to him that he should officially declare himself emperor. So he proclaimed his reign title as Zhaowu meaning “demonstrating great military power” of the Zhou Dynasty in march, I guess go big or go home right. He made Hengzhou of Hunan Province the new capital and like all the rest before him began issuing titles and so forth. Then in august he was stricken with dysentery and was so ill he apparently could barely speak. He ordered his son Wu Shifan to come to Hengzhou, and by September 11th he was dead. Wu Shifan decided to take the mantle and chose the title reign of Honghua. When Emperor Kangxi got news of Wu Sangui's death it was like a shark smelling blood in the water and he sent all his armies to crash upon Hunan, apparently the Emperor even considered leading the army he was that eager. Wu Shifan's forces fled for their lives when the Qing armies marched into Hubei, disarray was soon rampant. Soon Yuele's troops marched into Hunan and attacked Wugang which had a fairly stout defense of 20,000 troops. The battle was bloody, Wugangs commander was killed, his troops soon routed and the city fell. The rebel army's morale was low, the Qing took Yuezhou, Changde, Hangzhou. It got to a point where the Qing faced more issues with logistics than they did in the actual fighting of the enemy. By 1680 the provinces of Hunan, Guizhou, Guangxi and Sichuan fell back to the Qing and Wu Shifan fled to Kunming.    Once Wu Shifan was pressed into a corner in Yunnan province the Qing General Zhao Liangdong formed a 3 pronged attack strategy to hit Yunnan. The attack would be performed by Cai Yurong, Zhang Tai and Laita Giyesu. They each marched through Hunan, Guangxi and Sichuan respectfully taking territory as they did. Wu Shifan had no reinforcements and was greatly outnumbered. The Qing generals entered Yunnan and Kunming was besieged for months, but it still held firm. General Zhao Liang proposed they cut Wu Shifans supply route on Kunming lake and this provided quick results. The generals then led a fierce attack upon the city. But before they could capture Wu Shifan he had committed suicide. They decapitated his corpse and sent it back to Beijing. There lies just one more small story to end the tale.   All the way back in 1674 Geng Jingzhong as we know sent an envoy to Taiwan to ask the help of Zheng Jing. Zheng Jing sailed to Siming, the south part of Xiamen in southeast Fujian province. His army then captured Tong'an and marched north to attack Quanzhou which was defended by Geng Jingzhongs army. Geng Jingzhongs men fled the scene after a quick battle and Zheng captured Quanzhou. From there he took Chaozhou, defeating more of Geng Jingzhong's troops, making an enemy out of him. Then in 1675 Geng Jingzhong made peace with Zheng Jing, it seems it was all a misunderstanding and they began to collude. But in 1676 Geng Jingzhong surrendered to the Qing and personally asked to be tasked with defeating Zheng Jing, so perhaps there was something more personal going on between the 2. Well Zheng Jing began the new found war between them by besieging Quanzhou again. The siege lasted 2 months but he was unable to take it. Zheng Jing lifted the siege and instead attacked Fuzhou, but by now Qing forces were crashing into Fujian province. The forces fought for various cities such as Quanzhou, Tingzhou and Zhangzhou. In 1677 Zheng Jing laid siege again for a 3rd time to Quanzhou, but the Qing in the meantime had taken 10 counties back and were overwhelming Zheng Jings armies. He lifted the siege yet again and fled back to Siming, and by 1678 a Qing envoy showed up demanding his surrender. Emperor Kangxi followed this up by sending naval forces to Fujian to attack Kinmen island. Enroute a Qing naval force led by Wan Zhengse attacked Haitan island. During the ensuing battle 16 of Zheng Jing's ships were destroyed with more than 3000 soldiers drowned. Zheng Jing's admiral at the scene, Zhu Tiangui had to flee and Wan Zhengse pursued them. Soon Meizhou island, Nanri island, Pinghai county and Chongwu county were seized by the Qing naval forces. Then land forces and Wan Zhengse consolidated and attacked Zheng Jings forces in Xiamen. They smashed his army there, Zheng Jing tried to flee to Kinmen, but the Qing attacked it simultaneously forcing him to sail all the way back to Taiwan. In 1781 shortly after arriving in Tainan, Zheng Jing died of dissipation on march 17th.    Zheng Jing's eldest and illegitimate son Zheng Kezang was appointed as Supervisor of the state. Now Zheng Kezang was the next in line to take the throne, but this is where that “illegitimate” part comes up. Two political hungry officials hated Zheng Kezang, Feng Xifan the head of the bodyguards and Liu Guoxuan a high ranking military officer. Upon Zheng Jing's death they both began to slandere Zheng Kezang as not being a biological son of Zheng Jing in front of the Queen Dowager Dong. They then launched a coup with the help of Zheng Jing's brother Zheng Cong against Zheng Kezang, killing him and installing his 12 year old little brother Zheng Keshuang on the throne. Some real game of thrones shit. Meanwhile Emperor Kangxi and the Qing court heard about the coup and that a 12 year old emperor was just placed upon the throne and he realized the time was ripe to attack the politically divided and certainly weak island of Taiwan. Then a Qing court official recommended our old friend Shi Lang, the man who had a blood feud with Zheng's family, to command the entire Qing navy against Taiwan. Thus Shi Lang was made commander in chief of the naval force and ordered to take the Pengdu Islands and then Taiwan. Shi Lang rallied 20,000 crack troops and 300 warships for an invasion of Pengdu. Shi Lang also took the time to purchase a number of Dutch made cannons for his bigger ships. Liu Guoxuan of Taiwan knew the Qing would attack Pengdu first and sent a large force there to prepare it's defenses.   In june of 1683 Shi Lang's navy sailed out of Tongshan and captured a few small islands along the way to Pengdu. Now Shi Lang divided his force into smaller fleets before engaging the enemy. He sent one detachment to slip around the planned naval battle and land covertly near Liu Guoxuan's base on Pengdu. Liu Guoxuan was no fool however and placed numerous cannons and troops along the beaches to thwart such attacks. On June 16th the battle of Pengdu commenced and many of Liu Guoxuan's larger ships targeted the smaller fleets of Shi Lang encircled them. Seeing this unfold Shi Lang took his flagship personally in to break up the encirclements. As the battle raged, a stray arrow hit Shi Lang in the eye spraying blood everywhere, but Shi Lang fought on. Shi Lang managed to break an encirclement killing 3000 enemy soldiers and by June 18th captured Hujing island, just southwest of Pendu island proper and Tongpanyu island to its southwest. On June 22nd, Shi Lang organized multiple simultaneous attacks to throw the enemy off balance. He sent 50 warships to hit Jilongyu and Sijiaoshan situated on the west of Pengdu island. Another 50 warships to hit Niuxinwan Bay to attract the enemy's attention as he sailed off personally with 56 warships right through the center to hit Pengdu island proper. The enemy sent all their warships out to meet his separate forces and from 7am to 5pm they fought. The Qing managed to outflank and break the enemies formation, but they fought on tenaciously. In the end the Qing won a battle of attrition as they had significantly more ammunition than the rebel navy whom was forced to resort to boarding ships and melee fighting. Many rebel leaders chose not to surrender and went down fighting to the end in a blaze of gunfire and glory. Over 194 enemy warships were destroyed, more than 12,000 enemy soldiers were killed. Seeing he was going to lose the battle, Liu Guoxuan took his fastest ship and fled back to Taiwan. Shi Lang's detachment that slipped past the battle landed ashore and were met with an onslaught of cannons and arrows from the beaches. However the Qing warships began to tip the scale in firepower breaking open pockets for amphibious assaults and soon the Qing soldiers were breaking through towards Liu Guoxuans base. The Qing defeated the garrison at the base and raised the Qing banner triumphantly.    On july 15th, Zheng Keshuang sent envoys to Pengdu island to offer terms of surrender to Shi Lang. By August Shi Lang accepted their surrender in Taiwan and on August 18th, Zheng Keshuang and all his officers and officials shaved their heads in the Manchu style. They all then positioned themselves to face the direction of Beijing and bowed, Taiwan was now part of the Qing empire. Shi Lang was granted by Emperor Kangxi the title of General of Jinghai, Jinghai meaning “pacifying the sea”. Zheng Keshuang and his highest officials were escorted to Beijing and Zheng Keshuang was granted the title duke of Haicheng   I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me.  The Qing war for unification was over, of course there would be countless rebellions during the reign of the Qing dynasty, but as for the threat of a Ming takeover that was not a thing of the past. A brand new world was emerging however, as the 19th century was soon rolling in and with it much much more devious trouble. For the century of humiliation was mere decades from commencing its ugly start.  9500

Winning The Game Of Life
Episode 23: Is Poker Harder Than Chess?

Winning The Game Of Life

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 20, 2022 42:47


Is Poker Harder Than Chess? – Winning The Game of Life with Dan Cates Episode 023 – Nemo “akaNemsko” Zhou   Nemo “akaNemsko” Zhou is a FIDE Master (FM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM) competitive chess player. Zhou started playing at the early age of 4 years old, with notable achievements winning World Youth Chess Championships in 2014 and winning the Canadian women's championship in 2016 at the age of 16. She has competed for Team Canada at the Women's Chess Olympiad since 2014. She is currently on break from the University of Toronto, focusing on streaming Chess, poker and other games on Twitch.   Here is what you can expect on this week's show:   ·      A transition from chess to poker and shared skill sets ·      Growing up a chess prodigy and career success ·      The differences and similarities between poker and chess ·      Content creation and building a following ·      Using the skills learned from chess and poker to win in other areas of life ·      Jungleman's reading recommendations   I hope you find this episode as fun and informative as we have. Nemo Zhou is winning the game of life.   Please let us know your thoughts about the episode!   Connect with Nemo “akaNemsko” Zhou:   Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/akanemsko   Instagram: @akaNemsko   Twitter: @akaNemsko     Connect with Dan Cates:   Websites: https://www.wtgol.com                    https://www.dancatesfoundation.com/   Instagram: @wtgolpodcast                   @thedancates   Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Just A Quick Pinch
overcoming gym anxiety, being your own motivation, making new friends w. Clara Zhou

Just A Quick Pinch

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 16, 2022 55:16


Welcome to another episode!! This week I have my good friend @claradentistry, lifestyle dental student blogger from Canada to share with us 1. how to get started with fitness even if you are anxious about going to the gym, good workout programs and apps to use 2. how to be your own motivation 3. how to make new friends/navigate social scenes IG: @justaquickpinch, @drconniewang --- This episode is sponsored by · Anchor: The easiest way to make a podcast. https://anchor.fm/app

ACM ByteCast
Michelle Zhou - Episode 28

ACM ByteCast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 16, 2022 48:38


In this episode of ACM ByteCast, our new co-host Bruke Kifle, AI Product Manager at Microsoft and member of the ACM Practitioner Board, interviews Michelle Zhou, Co-founder and CEO of Juji, Inc. She is an expert in the field of Human-Centered AI, an interdisciplinary area that intersects AI and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). Zhou has authored more than 100 scientific publications on subjects including conversational AI, personality analytics, and interactive visual analytics of big data. Her work has resulted in a dozen widely used products or solutions and 45 issued patents. Prior to founding Juji, she spent 15 years at IBM Research and the Watson Group, where she managed the research and development of Human-Centered AI technologies and solutions, including IBM RealHunter and Watson Personality Insights. Zhou serves as Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS) and an Associate Editor of ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST), and was formerly the Steering Committee Chair for the ACM International Conference Series on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI). She is an ACM Distinguished Member and Member at Large on the ACM Council. Michelle presents five inflection points that led to her current work, including the impact of two professors in graduate school who helped her find her direction in AI. She explains what no-code AI means, why the ability for users to customize AI without having coding skills is important, and responds to the critics of no-code AI. Bruke and Michelle then delve into the inception of her AI company that develops AI assistants with cognitive intelligence, Juji, and how it is being used as a platform to introduce AI to early education. Finally, Michelle shares thoughts on the future of software and the no-code movement, as well as the future of AI itself.

Hii Magazine Hii-lites
Heatwave 2020: Highland Park by Jackie! Zhou

Hii Magazine Hii-lites

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 11, 2022 4:23


[Originally published September 10,2020] Wish You Were Here is a series of sonic postcards - a glimpse into the sounds of different scenes and happenings. In early September, Los Angeles witnessed record-breaking temperatures, taking the term “heatwave” to the next level. J!Z gives us s WYWH capturing that.

Venture Coinist Podcast
Trading the Ethereum Merge w/ Kevin Zhou

Venture Coinist Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 10, 2022 64:00


Kevin Zhou, co-founder of Galois Capital, talks about all the unique trading opportunities around the Ethereum merge taking place next month. We discuss the ETH fork, what fork coins could be worth, strategies pre-fork vs post-fork, risks, how investors are positioning, why some people are so upset he's talking about this topic, and how to prepare. Thank you for tuning in. If you can spare 5 seconds to leave a review/rating on iTunes, I appreciate it. It helps others find the show.   Show sponsors: •Bybit: Trade Bitcoin, ETH, or your favorite altcoins on the best trading platform in crypto. Use the show link for a Bitcoin deposit bonus on new trading accounts: https://partner.bybit.com/b/luke

Health Longevity Secrets
Bradley S Rosen MD: Rapamycin and Acarbose for Longevity in Practice

Health Longevity Secrets

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 9, 2022 47:27 Transcription Available


Pharmacological approaches to longevity using drugs like rapamycin and Acarbose via targeting signaling molecules like mTOR and insulin continue to see growing support. Today we speak with Bradley S Rosen MD whose practice focuses on Living Healthier and Longer through Biogerontology. Dr Rosen graduated with a degree in Mathematics and Statistics and an MD from the University of Florida. His residency was at Jules Stein Eye Institute at UCLA, followed by 2 Retina Fellowships at the Lions Eye Institute and the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. In 2013 Dr. Rosen, M.D. joined a growing number of scientists and clinicians who are becoming increasingly interested in the fact that the hallmarks of aging themselves can and should be targeted for therapy.https://mtormd.com/ @DrBradleyRosen1Lu, Yuancheng, Benedikt Brommer, Xiao Tian, Anitha Krishnan, Margarita Meer, Chen Wang, Daniel L. Vera, et al. “Reprogramming to Recover Youthful Epigenetic Information and Restore Vision.” Nature 588, no. 7836 (December 3, 2020): 124–29. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2975-4.Jiang, Zhou, Juan Wang, Denise Imai, Tim Snider, Jenna Klug, Ruby Mangalindan, John Morton, et al. “Short Term Treatment with a Cocktail of Rapamycin, Acarbose and Phenylbutyrate Delays Aging Phenotypes in Mice.” Scientific Reports 12, no. 1 (December 2022): 7300. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11229-1.https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-11229-1 *** CONNECT WITH ROBERT LUFKIN MD ON SOCIAL MEDIA ***Web: https://robertlufkinmd.com/ Twitter:https://twitter.com/robertlufkinmdYoutube: https://www.youtube.com/RobertLufkinMD*** MEMBERSHIP ***https://robert-lufkin.mykajabi.com/membership *** SPONSORSHIPS & BRANDS ***We do work with sponsors and brands. If you are interested in working with us for your health industry product or service, please contact us at: https://robertlufkinmd.com/contact  NOTE: This is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have seen here. Robert Lufkin MD may at any time and at its sole discretion change or replace the information available on this channel. To the extent permitted by mandatory law, Robert Lufkin MD shall not be liable for any direct, incidental, consequential, indirect or punitive damages arising out of access to or use of any content available on this channel, including viruses, regardless of the accuracy or completeness of any such content.Disclaimer: We are ambassadors or affiliates for many of the brands we reference on the channel.Support the show

Commander Cookout Podcast
Episode 322: Commander Cookout Podcast, Ep 322 - Dong Zhou, Goad Tribal Decktech

Commander Cookout Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 9, 2022 62:42


What's this?! An actual classic decktech from CCO Podcast!? You bet your bottom dollar it is! Join us for a truly FEEL GOOD deck tech. It's got it all. Big damage. Command Zone wincon. CCO's Spice Calculator. You don't want to miss this one.Huge thank you to our sponsors, Fusion Gaming Online. They're your source for all of your gaming needs.You can find them here: www.FusionGamingOnline.com. You want 5% off all of your MTG singles? Head over to Fusion Gaming Online and use exclusive promo code: CCOSPRING at checkout. Doing so will get you sick value and let everyone at Fusion Gaming know that their relationship with CCOPodcast is a good one. For a limited time, you can also use promo doe CCOPERKS to get 10% of your order credited back to your Fusion Gaming account, when you spend $100, or more! Use both codes at checkout while they are both available!This week's community-submitted decklist: https://www.moxfield.com/decks/-TwmhrJ9eE2rEhtVLpSuGwWant your deck featured on Commander Cookout Podcast? Check out the reward tiers at Patreon.com/CCOPodcast. There are a lot of fun and unique benefits to pledging. Like the CCO Discord or getting your deck featured on the show.Ryan's solo podcast, Commander ad Populum:Apple Podcasts: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/commander-ad-populum/id1462182009YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCixbbuMC0kltGwyyKDPXTwwPodomatic: https://cadpopcast.podomatic.com/@CadPopCast on TwitterBrando's new YouTube channel:YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/TraumaX36@CCOBrando on TwitterYou can listen to CCO Podcast anywhere better podcasts are found as well as on CommanderCookout.com.Remove featured imageNow, Hit our Theme Song!Social media:Facebook.com/CCOPodcast@CCOPodcast and @CCOBrando on TwitterPatreon.com/CCOPodcast

Unchained: Your No-Hype Resource for All Things Crypto
Why Kevin Zhou Believes Ethereum Will Have 3 Forks After the Merge - Ep. 381

Unchained: Your No-Hype Resource for All Things Crypto

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 5, 2022 79:10 Very Popular


Kevin Zhou, co-founder of Galois Capital, comes to talk about the possibility of a Proof of Work chain on Ethereum after the Merge, the LUNA death spiral, how he plans to play the Merge, and much more...    Show highlights: how Kevin got started in crypto  what Galois Capital is and what its investment thesis is why Kevin was more vocal than most about the possibility of the LUNA death spiral whether Kevin made money out of the Terra collapse and what was his strategy what the difficulty bomb in Ethereum is the potential scenarios that could arise after the Merge whether the public is not considering the risks of the Merge how the fact that everybody was telling the same narrative about ETH made Kevin suspicious how Chandler's statement about forking Ethereum made it a lot more likely that it would happen the groups behind the encouragement of a proof-of-work Ethereum chain whether there is a value proposition for a Proof of Work chain how Kevin used The Cryptopians to remember how the DAO fork went what replay protection is and why it is important when forking a chain why anyone would want to keep the difficulty bomb in a potential proof of work chain Kevin's predictions about the market cap of the potential Ethereum forks how a proof of work chain of Ethereum would function without the biggest stablecoins like USDT and USDC whether Tether is going to support Ethereum 2 why Kevin writes using metaphors related to history and gaming and how those analogies relate to Ethereum how Kevin wanted to “stick it” to the Ethereum Foundation by offering his services whether Vitalik trolled Kevin on Twitter whether Kevin will apply the same strategy he used with ETC after the DAO fork   Thank you to our sponsors!   1inch:  https://1inch.io/   Crypto.com: https://crypto.onelink.me/J9Lg/unconfirmedcardearnfeb2021       Kevin Twitter: https://twitter.com/Galois_Capital     ETH2 What is the Merge?: https://ethereum.org/en/upgrades/merge/   Proof of Work Chain Kevin's analogy: https://twitter.com/Galois_Capital/status/1554053321165512705?s=20 Haseeb's answer to Kevin's arguments: https://twitter.com/hosseeb/status/1554163977806000128?s=20 Chandler Guo's proposal: https://decrypt.co/106409/prominent-chinese-ethereum-miner-wants-to-resist-merge-create-fork Kevin's consulting offer: https://twitter.com/Galois_Capital/status/1553090706708856832?s=20 BitMEX researchers on the possibility of an Ethereum PoW chain: https://blog.bitmex.com/ethpow-vs-eth2/ CoinDesk article: https://www.coindesk.com/layer2/2022/08/03/who-will-mine-ethereum-after-its-gone/ Poloniex's announcement: https://twitter.com/poloniex/status/1555085757450272768?s=21&t=jkjNGieNXdY5SgT2e9xhoQ Justin Sun's support of ETHW: https://twitter.com/justinsuntron/status/1555112296006922240?s=21&t=jkjNGieNXdY5SgT2e9xhoQ  

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1
Episodio 570 · El análisis del GP de HUngría y la bomba de Alonso

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 3, 2022 98:12


Siguiendo la tónica de la temporada, a pesar de que nos íbamos de vacaciones - o quizás por ello - la F1 nos volvió a regalar una carrera realmente buena y muy divertida. Los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1, reducidos al mínimo, por vacaciones, nos analizan un Gran Premio lleno de sorpresas, cambios de guión y estrategias ridículas e inesperadas. Victoria aplastante de Verstappen. Verstappen, que había tenido problemas en la clasificación y salía 10º, ganó la carrera, entre otras cosas, porque Ferrari se la regaló a base de usar una estrategia absolutamente ridícula con sus dos pilotos - por no hablar de unas paradas en pits deplorables. Además, como se verá en este primer episodio de la semana, el ritmo de carrera de Ferrari fue malo. No tanto como ha dicho Binotto, pero sí que es verdad que el rendimiento del viernes y el sábado se perdió el domingo de forma descarada. Y, al tiempo, lo encontraban los Mercedes, que ocuparon las dos posiciones de podio que dejaron libres los Ferrari. Un triste espectáculo que deja la moral de los italianos, ante las vacaciones, muy baja y demuestra que los dos pilotos están muy por encima del equipo. Sergio Pérez tuvo problemas en la clasificación, con una vuelta anulada injustamente, devuelta más tarde pero con un problema de tráfico en su vuelta lanzada en Q3. En cualquier caso, no encontró su ritmo en todo el fin de semana y terminó la carrera 5º, entre los dos Ferrari. Nuevos contendientes en la batalla. Al margen de lo que ocurría en la cabeza de la clasificación entre los contendientes al título, hay que hablar de Mercedes. Cierto es que encontraron algo, aún no saben qué, que les catapultó a la cabeza de la carrera. Russell había logrado su primera Pole el sábado, mejorando el tiempo de Sainz por poco, gracias a que salió justo después en su última tentativa y la pista había mejorado. Pero lo cierto es que estuvieron muy rápidos y es bien probable que el británico hubiera obtenido en Hungría su primera victoria de no ser porque su equipo le dio la peor estrategia. Finalmente acabaría 3º, tras su compañero. Sainz fue 4º, y gracias a que, una vez más, corrigió al equipo cuando le quisieron montar duros - lo llamaron a boxes y no entró hasta estar seguro de que le ponían blandos - sabiendo que con otros equipos (Alpine o Haas) no estaban funcionando. Pérez fue 5º por delante de Leclerc, 6º, que tuvo que hacer una parada más, pues los blandos que le había montado su equipo no había forma de ponerlos a funcionar. Tras ellos, Norris, con una mejora en el McLaren que está claro que funciona, Alonso y Ocon, de los que hablaremos más detenidamente, y Vettel, que cierra la zona de puntos. Alpine y Alonso rompen la baraja. Alpine dejó una imagen totalmente penosa. Su piloto galo estuvo más preocupado por matar la carrera de su compañero que de defenderse de sus rivales. Alonso comentó que nunca había visto a nadie defenderse así, echando contra el muro a su compañero. Por no hablar que llegaron a perder, en su estúpida batalla, dos posiciones contra sus oponentes. Y claro, el lunes estalló la noticia: Alonso se marchaba de Alpine a Aston Martin, restando protagonismo a Vettel, que había anunciado su retirada este mismo fin de semana. Quizás en Alpine aún no se han dado cuenta, pero pierden mucho con su extremo proteccionismo a su piloto patrio: no sólo el talento de Alonso - en pista y para mejorar el coche, que con las estrategias penosas no puede hacer nada, como nada pueden hacer los pilotos de Ferrari. Además pierden dinero: la imagen comercial del piloto, como han comentado expertos en la materia, vale mucho y ha hecho que las acciones de Aston Martin, la mañana en la que Alonso anunció que se unía a ellos, subieran un 2,5%. Ahí es nada. Hay mucho de lo que hablar respecto de la carrera en Hungaroring y todo lo sucedido en el fin de semana y después, pero mejor dejar hablar a los que saben, los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1. Así se va el Mundial de vacaciones. Tras esta inesperada y aplastante victoria de Verstappen, las esperanzas de ganar el Campeonato para cualquier otro, incluido Leclerc, se están desvaneciendo. El holandés cuenta ya con 258 puntos, frente a los 178 de Leclerc (80 de ventaja). Tras ellos, Pérez (173), Russell (158), Sainz (156), Hamilton (146), Norris (76), Ocon (58), Bottas (46) y Alonso, en 10ª posición, con 46 puntos. Las posiciones de la mitad inferior de la tabla son para Magnussen (22 puntos), Ricciardo (19), Gasly (16), Vettel (16), Schumacher (12), Tsunoda (11), Zhou (5), Stroll (4), Albon (3), Latifi (0) y Hulkenberg (0). En cuanto al Mundial de equipos, Red Bull se escapa con 431 puntos, frente a los 334 de Ferrari. Mercedes se acerca peligrosamente a la Scudería (304 puntos) y tiene muy lejos a su siguiente rival. Alpine y McLaren luchan por la cuarta posición: los franceses tienen 99 puntos frente a los 95 de los británicos. Tras ellos, Alfa Romeo, con 51 puntos, Haas, con 34, AlphaTauri, con 27, Aston Martin, con 20 y Williams, con los 3 puntos logrados por Albon hasta ahora. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1
Episodio 570 · El análisis del GP de Hungría y la bomba de Alonso

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 2, 2022 100:05


Siguiendo la tónica de la temporada, a pesar de que nos íbamos de vacaciones - o quizás por ello - la F1 nos volvió a regalar una carrera realmente buena y muy divertida. Los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1, reducidos al mínimo, por vacaciones, nos analizan un Gran Premio lleno de sorpresas, cambios de guión y estrategias ridículas e inesperadas. Victoria aplastante de Verstappen. Verstappen, que había tenido problemas en la clasificación y salía 10º, ganó la carrera, entre otras cosas, porque Ferrari se la regaló a base de usar una estrategia absolutamente ridícula con sus dos pilotos - por no hablar de unas paradas en pits deplorables. Además, como se verá en este primer episodio de la semana, el ritmo de carrera de Ferrari fue malo. No tanto como ha dicho Binotto, pero sí que es verdad que el rendimiento del viernes y el sábado se perdió el domingo de forma descarada. Y, al tiempo, lo encontraban los Mercedes, que ocuparon las dos posiciones de podio que dejaron libres los Ferrari. Un triste espectáculo que deja la moral de los italianos, ante las vacaciones, muy baja y demuestra que los dos pilotos están muy por encima del equipo. Sergio Pérez tuvo problemas en la clasificación, con una vuelta anulada injustamente, devuelta más tarde pero con un problema de tráfico en su vuelta lanzada en Q3. En cualquier caso, no encontró su ritmo en todo el fin de semana y terminó la carrera 5º, entre los dos Ferrari. Nuevos contendientes en la batalla. Al margen de lo que ocurría en la cabeza de la clasificación entre los contendientes al título, hay que hablar de Mercedes. Cierto es que encontraron algo, aún no saben qué, que les catapultó a la cabeza de la carrera. Russell había logrado su primera Pole el sábado, mejorando el tiempo de Sainz por poco, gracias a que salió justo después en su última tentativa y la pista había mejorado. Pero lo cierto es que estuvieron muy rápidos y es bien probable que el británico hubiera obtenido en Hungría su primera victoria de no ser porque su equipo le dio la peor estrategia. Finalmente acabaría 3º, tras su compañero. Sainz fue 4º, y gracias a que, una vez más, corrigió al equipo cuando le quisieron montar duros - lo llamaron a boxes y no entró hasta estar seguro de que le ponían blandos - sabiendo que con otros equipos (Alpine o Haas) no estaban funcionando. Pérez fue 5º por delante de Leclerc, 6º, que tuvo que hacer una parada más, pues los blandos que le había montado su equipo no había forma de ponerlos a funcionar. Tras ellos, Norris, con una mejora en el McLaren que está claro que funciona, Alonso y Ocon, de los que hablaremos más detenidamente, y Vettel, que cierra la zona de puntos. Alpine y Alonso rompen la baraja. Alpine dejó una imagen totalmente penosa. Su piloto galo estuvo más preocupado por matar la carrera de su compañero que de defenderse de sus rivales. Alonso comentó que nunca había visto a nadie defenderse así, echando contra el muro a su compañero. Por no hablar que llegaron a perder, en su estúpida batalla, dos posiciones contra sus oponentes. Y claro, el lunes estalló la noticia: Alonso se marchaba de Alpine a Aston Martin, restando protagonismo a Vettel, que había anunciado su retirada este mismo fin de semana. Quizás en Alpine aún no se han dado cuenta, pero pierden mucho con su extremo proteccionismo a su piloto patrio: no sólo el talento de Alonso - en pista y para mejorar el coche, que con las estrategias penosas no puede hacer nada, como nada pueden hacer los pilotos de Ferrari. Además pierden dinero: la imagen comercial del piloto, como han comentado expertos en la materia, vale mucho y ha hecho que las acciones de Aston Martin, la mañana en la que Alonso anunció que se unía a ellos, subieran un 2,5%. Ahí es nada. Hay mucho de lo que hablar respecto de la carrera en Hungaroring y todo lo sucedido en el fin de semana y después, pero mejor dejar hablar a los que saben, los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1. Así se va el Mundial de vacaciones. Tras esta inesperada y aplastante victoria de Verstappen, las esperanzas de ganar el Campeonato para cualquier otro, incluido Leclerc, se están desvaneciendo. El holandés cuenta ya con 258 puntos, frente a los 178 de Leclerc (80 de ventaja). Tras ellos, Pérez (173), Russell (158), Sainz (156), Hamilton (146), Norris (76), Ocon (58), Bottas (46) y Alonso, en 10ª posición, con 46 puntos. Las posiciones de la mitad inferior de la tabla son para Magnussen (22 puntos), Ricciardo (19), Gasly (16), Vettel (16), Schumacher (12), Tsunoda (11), Zhou (5), Stroll (4), Albon (3), Latifi (0) y Hulkenberg (0). En cuanto al Mundial de equipos, Red Bull se escapa con 431 puntos, frente a los 334 de Ferrari. Mercedes se acerca peligrosamente a la Scudería (304 puntos) y tiene muy lejos a su siguiente rival. Alpine y McLaren luchan por la cuarta posición: los franceses tienen 99 puntos frente a los 95 de los británicos. Tras ellos, Alfa Romeo, con 51 puntos, Haas, con 34, AlphaTauri, con 27, Aston Martin, con 20 y Williams, con los 3 puntos logrados por Albon hasta ahora. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1
Episodio 567 · El análisis del GP de Francia (SIN PUBLICIDAD) - Episodio exclusivo para mecenas

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 26, 2022 98:10


Agradece a este podcast tantas horas de entretenimiento y disfruta de episodios exclusivos como éste. ¡Apóyale en iVoox! Los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1 nos analizan, en el primer episodio de una semana que viene cargada de contenido, el fin de semana pasado en Paul Ricard, que nos dio una excelente clasificación, con rebufos incluidos, buena lucah en las primeras vueltas entre los líderes de carrea, grandes adelantamientos en la salida de Magnussen, Alonso y Hamilton, remontadas espectaculares como la de Sainz, radios polémicas, dramas italianos,… Clasificación y carrera para recordar. Muy buena carrera en Francia que pudo haber sido excepcional de no ser por el error de Leclerc, que le dejó contra el muro y fuera de la carrera, o de los error de Ferrari. Y muy buena clasificación, con un excelente trabajo de equipo de los Ferrari. Y sin ensayar. Está claro que ir de tapadillo este año les está funcionando. Lo mejor del sábado, de cara al futuro del Campeonato y a que se mantenga viva la competición, no fue el rebufo que le dio Sainz, por dos veces, a Leclerc, sino el tiempazo del madrileño en Q2, que no pudo superar ni el propio Verstappen en Q3. Algo que nos indica que el Ferrari es, sin duda, el mejor coche, aunque no el más fiable. Y del domingo hay mucho que destacar, pues la carrera no pudo ser más divertida: excelentes salidas de Verstappen y Leclerc, que mantuvo la posición sin problemas. Pero para salidas buenas la de Magnussen, que ganó 5 posiciones, y las de Alonso, que se colocó 4º por delante de Pérez y de Hamilton, 3º, también pasando a Pérez. Está claro que no fue el fin de semana del mexicano de Red Bull. Sainz, piloto del día. Sainz, que había salido 19º por penalización por cambiar varios componentes de la unidad de potencia, era ya 11º en la vuelta 12, con neumáticos duros. El trabajo de adelantamientos, durante toda la carrera, del piloto de Ferrari no pudo ser mejor, y, claro, le valió la elección como piloto del día. Finalmente, debido a una decisión - no sabemos si acertada o no, pero desde luego muy conservadora - de su equipo, terminaría 5º. Mientras, en la vuelta 16 Verstappen hacía su primera parada. Había dejado de atacar a Leclerc, para conservar neumáticos y probar más adelante. Pero no hizo falta: dos vueltas más tarde, el piloto monegasco alteró el guión de la carrera cuando se fue contra el muro tras cometer un error, lo que provocó un coche de seguridad. Todos entraron a cambiar, y ahí vino uno de los puntos claves para que Sainz no acabara en el podio: mala parada y unsafe release, que acabaría constando 5s de sanción. Cómoda carrera para Verstappen. A partir de ese punto, la carrera se ponía muy cómoda para Verstappen, que se escabpa fácil de Hamilton, Pérez y Russell. Alonso era 5º y llamó la atención su radio, en la vuelta 28 diciendo que esperaba que Norris se le acercara para que destruyera neumáticos… ¿Otra vez la estrategia del trenecito? Mientras, Sainz seguía con su recital de adelantamientos, destacando el “por fuera” que le hizo a Russell en la vuelta 30. Y se acercaba a Pérez peligrosamente. Desde la radio, Mercedes advertía a Russell que Sainz no pararía, pues destruiría su carrera. Y en la vuelta 42, después de una gran lucha entre el de Ferrari y Pérez, el madrileño adelantaba al de Red Bull y se colocaba en el podio… para oír cómo le llamaban a boxes. A patir de ahí, tan sólo podía recuperar hasta donde lo hizo, el 5º puesto. Y mientras Pérez y Russell luchaban. Después de una acción en la que el británico tuvo que devolver la posición al mexicano, en la vuelta 50, tras un VSC provocado por la parada en pista de Zhou, el de Mercedes consiguió engañar al de Red Bull y ganarle la posición, que haría que viéramos a los dos Mercedes en podio, junto a Verstappen, aunque muy lejos aún de Red Bull. Cómo está el mundial a una carrera para el descanso veraniego. Tras la victoria de Verstappen y el abandono de Leclerc, las aspiraciones al título del monegasco se complican, pero aún queda mucha temporada por delante. Eso sí, la fiabilidad y solidez en estrategia de Red Bull no va a permitir más errores por parte de la Scuderia si quieren seguir manteniendo opciones. Ahora mismo, Max Verstappen aventaja en 63 puntos a Leclerc, con 233 frente a 170. Pérez es tercero con 163 y Sainz se acerca, con 144. Tras ellos, Russell cuenta con 143 puntos y Hamilton con 127. Y es que Mercedes puede no estar tan fuerte este año, pero no fallan cuando alguno de los de delante si lo hace. La zona media de la tabla la ocupan Norris (70 puntos), Ocon (56), Bottas (46), Alonso (37), Magnussen (22), Ricciardo (19), Gasly (16), Vettel (15), Schumacher (12), Tsunoda (11), Zhou (5), Stroll (4) y Albon (3). Al final de la tabla, sin puntos, encontramos a Latifi y a Hulkenberg. En cuanto al Mundial de Constructores, Red Bull sigue en cabeza y con ventaja: 396 puntos frente a los 314 de Ferrari. Mercedes es el tercer equipo con 270 puntos, seguidos de Alpine (93), McLaren (89), Alfa Romeo (51), Haas (34), Alpha Tauri (27), Aston Martin (19) y Williams (3). El próximo fin de semana tendremos la última carrera antes de las vacaciones veraniegas para la F1, esta vez en Hungría, que nos dirá mucho de la salud de cada piloto y equipo de cara al final de la temporada. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1
Episodio 567 · El anáisis del GP de Francia

Técnica Fórmula 1 · Podcast de F1

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 26, 2022 101:03


Los chicos del Podcast Técnica Fórmula 1 nos analizan, en el primer episodio de una semana que viene cargada de contenido, el fin de semana pasado en Paul Ricard, que nos dio una excelente clasificación, con rebufos incluidos, buena lucah en las primeras vueltas entre los líderes de carrea, grandes adelantamientos en la salida de Magnussen, Alonso y Hamilton, remontadas espectaculares como la de Sainz, radios polémicas, dramas italianos,… Clasificación y carrera para recordar. Muy buena carrera en Francia que pudo haber sido excepcional de no ser por el error de Leclerc, que le dejó contra el muro y fuera de la carrera, o de los error de Ferrari. Y muy buena clasificación, con un excelente trabajo de equipo de los Ferrari. Y sin ensayar. Está claro que ir de tapadillo este año les está funcionando. Lo mejor del sábado, de cara al futuro del Campeonato y a que se mantenga viva la competición, no fue el rebufo que le dio Sainz, por dos veces, a Leclerc, sino el tiempazo del madrileño en Q2, que no pudo superar ni el propio Verstappen en Q3. Algo que nos indica que el Ferrari es, sin duda, el mejor coche, aunque no el más fiable. Y del domingo hay mucho que destacar, pues la carrera no pudo ser más divertida: excelentes salidas de Verstappen y Leclerc, que mantuvo la posición sin problemas. Pero para salidas buenas la de Magnussen, que ganó 5 posiciones, y las de Alonso, que se colocó 4º por delante de Pérez y de Hamilton, 3º, también pasando a Pérez. Está claro que no fue el fin de semana del mexicano de Red Bull. Sainz, piloto del día. Sainz, que había salido 19º por penalización por cambiar varios componentes de la unidad de potencia, era ya 11º en la vuelta 12, con neumáticos duros. El trabajo de adelantamientos, durante toda la carrera, del piloto de Ferrari no pudo ser mejor, y, claro, le valió la elección como piloto del día. Finalmente, debido a una decisión - no sabemos si acertada o no, pero desde luego muy conservadora - de su equipo, terminaría 5º. Mientras, en la vuelta 16 Verstappen hacía su primera parada. Había dejado de atacar a Leclerc, para conservar neumáticos y probar más adelante. Pero no hizo falta: dos vueltas más tarde, el piloto monegasco alteró el guión de la carrera cuando se fue contra el muro tras cometer un error, lo que provocó un coche de seguridad. Todos entraron a cambiar, y ahí vino uno de los puntos claves para que Sainz no acabara en el podio: mala parada y unsafe release, que acabaría constando 5s de sanción. Cómoda carrera para Verstappen. A partir de ese punto, la carrera se ponía muy cómoda para Verstappen, que se escabpa fácil de Hamilton, Pérez y Russell. Alonso era 5º y llamó la atención su radio, en la vuelta 28 diciendo que esperaba que Norris se le acercara para que destruyera neumáticos… ¿Otra vez la estrategia del trenecito? Mientras, Sainz seguía con su recital de adelantamientos, destacando el “por fuera” que le hizo a Russell en la vuelta 30. Y se acercaba a Pérez peligrosamente. Desde la radio, Mercedes advertía a Russell que Sainz no pararía, pues destruiría su carrera. Y en la vuelta 42, después de una gran lucha entre el de Ferrari y Pérez, el madrileño adelantaba al de Red Bull y se colocaba en el podio… para oír cómo le llamaban a boxes. A patir de ahí, tan sólo podía recuperar hasta donde lo hizo, el 5º puesto. Y mientras Pérez y Russell luchaban. Después de una acción en la que el británico tuvo que devolver la posición al mexicano, en la vuelta 50, tras un VSC provocado por la parada en pista de Zhou, el de Mercedes consiguió engañar al de Red Bull y ganarle la posición, que haría que viéramos a los dos Mercedes en podio, junto a Verstappen, aunque muy lejos aún de Red Bull. Cómo está el mundial a una carrera para el descanso veraniego. Tras la victoria de Verstappen y el abandono de Leclerc, las aspiraciones al título del monegasco se complican, pero aún queda mucha temporada por delante. Eso sí, la fiabilidad y solidez en estrategia de Red Bull no va a permitir más errores por parte de la Scuderia si quieren seguir manteniendo opciones. Ahora mismo, Max Verstappen aventaja en 63 puntos a Leclerc, con 233 frente a 170. Pérez es tercero con 163 y Sainz se acerca, con 144. Tras ellos, Russell cuenta con 143 puntos y Hamilton con 127. Y es que Mercedes puede no estar tan fuerte este año, pero no fallan cuando alguno de los de delante si lo hace. La zona media de la tabla la ocupan Norris (70 puntos), Ocon (56), Bottas (46), Alonso (37), Magnussen (22), Ricciardo (19), Gasly (16), Vettel (15), Schumacher (12), Tsunoda (11), Zhou (5), Stroll (4) y Albon (3). Al final de la tabla, sin puntos, encontramos a Latifi y a Hulkenberg. En cuanto al Mundial de Constructores, Red Bull sigue en cabeza y con ventaja: 396 puntos frente a los 314 de Ferrari. Mercedes es el tercer equipo con 270 puntos, seguidos de Alpine (93), McLaren (89), Alfa Romeo (51), Haas (34), Alpha Tauri (27), Aston Martin (19) y Williams (3). El próximo fin de semana tendremos la última carrera antes de las vacaciones veraniegas para la F1, esta vez en Hungría, que nos dirá mucho de la salud de cada piloto y equipo de cara al final de la temporada. Escucha el episodio completo en la app de iVoox, o descubre todo el catálogo de iVoox Originals