RUNDOWN The start of the episode elicits memories of Maryland followed by an impressive Zack Greinke statistic before opening the listener mailbox. Next, Mitch gives a rousing endorsement of Seaside, Oregon before venting spleen about the struggling Mariners and their refusal to spend big bucks in free agency. Five guests on today's show are ten-year NBA veteran and local product Spencer Hawes, Bellevue youth golfer and U.S. Women's Open qualifier Angela Zhang, and Kraken No-Table crew RJ Eskanos, Darren Brown, and Dylan Travers. “Other Stuff” topics range from the surprise cover model on the Sports Illustrated swimsuit edition, early predictions on the NFL landing spot for Michael Penix Jr., and the son of an Ann Arbor legend getting fired for ill-advised "likes" on social media. GUESTS Spencer Hawes | NBA veteran, UW & Seattle Prep alum Angela Zhang | 8th Grade Bellevue-based golfer & U.S. Open qualifier RJ Eskanos | Emerald City Hockey Darren Brown | Sound of Hockey Dylan Travers | Emerald City Hockey TABLE OF CONTENTS 2:40 | A peculiar statistic about Zack Greinke makes one consider his chances of ending up in Cooperstown. 26:29 | With a pitching staff like the one in Seattle, it's a shame the M's front office pinched pennies with their lineup during the offseason. 39:30 | GUEST: Spencer Hawes returns to the show to reminisce some high school hoops stories, his recruitment, and pro career. 1:10:27 | GUEST: 14-year-old Bellevue golfer Angela Zhang joins the show to share her story of excelling at a young age as she prepares for the U.S. Women's Open. 1:35:28 | GUEST: The guys from Kraken No-Table RJ Eskanos, Darren Brown, and Dylan Travers gather round for an end-of-season summary featuring an exciting playoff run. 2:06:47 | The “Other Stuff” segment features stories including Martha Stewart's appears on the SI swimsuit magazine, the mock projection for Michael Penix Jr. in the 2024 NFL Draft, and a short-lived employment stint for Glenn “Shemy” Schembechler in Michigan.
Growing up as a lover of science, Dr. Kathy Zhang found herself on the road to medical school as a young adult. Starting her career as a hospitalist for four years, she quickly realized that the expedited culture of the patient experience was not how she envisioned serving her patients as a young girl. While deep in the throws of burnout as a hospitalist, Kathy found her way into a fellowship that was more in line with her calling and how she wanted to serve her patients. What was initially a quick way out turned into a transition away from her burnout. She now splits her time between inpatient care and her own coaching and podcast business, but she got there through therapy and coaching. Having experienced the change that physicians can gain through coaching, she had the overwhelming desire to share it with everyone she could. Her passion lies in helping other physicians find their way back to the driver's seat of their own lives and how to navigate their struggles in a way that feels true to them. Using some amazing tools such as EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique) tapping, hypnosis, and Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP), we can peel back the layers of conditioning that we've been stuck in for years to get back to the light in our lives. These modalities help us realize that we're not broken, and there is a way out of the thought patterns that keep us rooted in burnout. By defining your own worth and providing yourself with the self-care you deserve, you can show up as the physician that you have always wanted to be while enforcing the boundaries that are necessary to keep you healthy. Tune in to this episode to hear more about Kathy's journey and how she's helping physicians everywhere navigate their path out of burnout. “When we are exhibiting the same symptoms that we are treating our patients for, maybe it's time to take a step back.” Dr. Kathy Zhang Connect with Dr. Kathy Zhang: The Purpose Filter Podcast Facebook | Instagram 2 WAYS TO GET INCREDIBLE HELP AT A LOW-COST!!! Buy my Kindle Book,Doctor Me First, on Amazon Come sit with me in the Badass Collective Slack Group.
Dr. Lin Zhang talks with Steve about her book "The Labor of Reinvention: Entrepreneurship in the New Chinese Digital Economy."Her book includes stories of individuals who transformed themselves and their lives to take advantage of this new global economy. She tells of Min, a former prisoner...“I think Min's story in a way captures the sort of imperative of entrepreneurialism in which we are all still living. The contemporary capitalist economy. The need to kind of keep reinventing oneself to adapt to the constant changes, but also the kind of contradiction generated on personal and collective level. So, the coexistence of opportunities, risk and frustrations. So this is, I think, what I try to document in the book, the everyday labor of entrepreneurial reinvention.”Dr. Zhang and Steve discuss the support provided by the state, which is no small matter. It makes entrepreneurism in China different from that of the US, or from India or developing countries of the global South.Zhang also talks about the roots of Chinese nationalism in China's socialist anti-imperialist history, which are reinforced by recent American sanctions and containment of China.Zhang argues that the US tends to view China through a simplistic lens of authoritarianism versus democracy, while the majority of Chinese people do not see their relationship with the party state in such terms. She provides a more nuanced picture of the Chinese state, discussing the competing demands of the central government to maintain economic development, social equity, and national security, as well as the discrepancies between central and local states.Dr. Lin Zhang is an assistant professor of communication and media studies at the University of New Hampshire. She graduated from the Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, University of Southern California, with a PhD in Communication, and MA from NYU's Department of Media, Culture, and Communication. She is the author of The Labor of Reinvention: Entrepreneurship in the New Chinese Digital Economy, one of the first multi-sited ethnographic accounts of the rising entrepreneurial labor in urban, rural, and transnational China since tech innovation had accelerated in the country after 2008.https://linzhangweb.org
Innovation with Mark Peter Davis
This week's episode is a special one. I have a chat with my partner and CIO of the Interplay Family Office, Chris Zhang, to discuss China's remarkable advancements over the past few decades and what its current status looks like.Chris is uniquely positioned to opine on this topic. He was born in China and spent the first 16 years of his life there, moving to the United States for high school. Since his move, he has visited China annually until Covid-19 halted all travel. After a three year hiatus, Chris visited this past April and was astounded at the progress he witnessed, including how built up his hometown of Zhengzhou had become (known as the iPhone city since they've produced most iPhones there).That's what inspired this episode. By challenging outdated perceptions and showcasing China's progress, this conversation is meant to highlight the need for a nuanced understanding of China's current status as a global powerhouse.Here are some of the main topics covered:Education and work ethic: Chris shares insights into his rigorous Chinese middle school experience, highlighting the dedication and discipline ingrained in the system.China's private sector contributes over 50% to GDP more than 80% of employment opportunities, fostering a competitive landscape and driving innovation.China's middle class has grown significantly, with the number of Chinese citizens enjoying a standard of living comparable to the US increasing steadily.Chinese technology companies are making significant strides, particularly in the electric vehicle (EV) industry, with high-quality, affordable EVs gaining popularity globally.China's infrastructure growth has been substantial, with the construction of entire cities and urbanization projects transforming landscapes previously dominated by farmlands and villages.The Chinese currency, the yuan, is gaining prominence, as demonstrated by its surpassing of the US dollar in Chinese cross-border transactions.Links:Links: Interplay Family OfficeFollow us on Twitter: @mpd, @interplayPodcast Links: Website, YouTube, Twitter, LinkedIn
In this week's episode, Anna Rose (https://twitter.com/annarrose) chats with Scroll (https://scroll.io/) co-founders Ye Zhang (https://twitter.com/yezhang1998) and Sandy Peng (https://twitter.com/SandyPeng1), delving into updates about their zkEVM L2, the progress they have made over the past year and what it really means to build in public. They discuss the challenges and rewards of founding a fully remote organization and how the team navigates the ever changing ZK landscape. Here's some additional links for this episode: Scroll's @buildwithscroll Twitter (https://twitter.com/BuildWithScroll) Scroll Tech GitHub (https://github.com/scroll-tech) Scroll's Ecosystem (https://scroll.io/alpha/ecosystem) Episode 234: zkEVM with Scroll's Ye Zhang and Haichen Shen (https://zeroknowledge.fm/234-2/) PipeZK: Accelerating Zero-Knowledge Proof with a Pipelined Architecture by Zhang, Wang, Zhang, Dong, Mao, Long, Wang, Zhou, Gao and Sun (https://people.iiis.tsinghua.edu.cn/~gaomy/pubs/pipezk.isca21.pdf) ERC-4337 Information (https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-4337) Check out the ZK Jobs Board here: ZK Jobs (https://jobsboard.zeroknowledge.fm/). Find your next job working in ZK! Ever feel like developing zero-knowledge proofs is a daunting task? The team at RISC Zero (https://www.risczero.com/) is here to remind you that it doesn't have to be that way. Their out-of-the-box tooling allows developers to access the magic of ZKProofs from any chain without needing to learn custom languages or building custom ZK circuits. Bonsai (https://r0.link/ZKpodcast), RISC Zero's most anticipated product, is a proving marketplace that enables any protocol or application to leverage fast ZK proofs in languages like Rust, Go, C++. Visit https://r0.link/ZKpodcast (https://r0.link/ZKpodcast) to learn more and sign up today for the Bonsai waitlist. If you like what we do: * Find all our links here! @ZeroKnowledge | Linktree (https://linktr.ee/zeroknowledge) * Subscribe to our podcast newsletter (https://zeroknowledge.substack.com) * Follow us on Twitter @zeroknowledgefm (https://twitter.com/zeroknowledgefm) * Join us on Telegram (https://zeroknowledge.fm/telegram) * Catch us on YouTube (https://zeroknowledge.fm/)
Alcaraz and Sabalenka get their birthday cakes and eat them too! Lot's of drama surrounded the size of Alcaraz birthday cake compared to that of Sabalenka... Aside from all of the cake controversy, both Alcaraz and Sabalenka won in 3 sets. The tennis was great all around. On the men's side, lots of surprises throughout the draw! Zhang became the fist Chinese man into the Quarterfinals of a Masters 1000. Struff was the first Lucky Loser to make a Masters 1000 final, reaching a career high of 28 in the world. The tour shifts to Rome at the Foro Italico for another Masters 1000 event!
Episode 301 takes us crashing back to Earth in the wake of genuine concerns over the Madrid Open's treatment of women players. The overlong, overcooked tournament ended in a flurry of bad press, which started with some symbolically loaded cakes and ended with a tournament terrified of letting women speak at all. Aryna Sabalenka and Carlos Alcaraz continue fine seasons, each winning their second titles here. To wrap up, we cover some depressing injury news, Murray-Stephens Challenger wins, and an addendum to “SERENA” which features *your* favorite Serena moments. 3:35 Madrid experiments with a longer format, and honestly let's leave it in 2023 7:50 The model ball women: the culottes are worse than the crime? 9:45 Ceci n'est pas un cake 19:45 The women's doubles finalists are literally silenced 28:15 Imagine, the original controversy of Madrid was Genie Bouchard's possibly defamatory tweet about dopers 30:15 Onto actual tennis! Sabalenka d. Swiatek as this rivalry really heats up 33:15 Alcaraz title #10, Struff's clay serve and volley, Zhang's breakthrough 37:40 “Hola a todos” should come with a warning 41:00 Anisimova to take a break from tennis to take care of her mental health 44:40 Your favorite Serena moments: oh, he's still … ?
The Translated Chinese Fiction Podcast
‘The man in the bed looks at her. An enormous force seems to be pulling him into a world behind him, a world whose gates will soon be shut forever. She strokes his forehead gently.'In the eighty ninth episode of the Translated Chinese Fiction Podcast we are enfolding ourselves within Cocoon, the dreamlike and sometimes upsetting dual-bildungsroman and return to realism by post-85 author Zhang Yueran. Lost with me (yet ever so far away) somewhere in the low-hanging fog is the book's translator, Jeremy Tiang. All time is one time, you poor thing; so join us, that we may better navigate it.-// NEWS ITEMS //Meta news: We're not blocked!(?)A new Condor Heroes film is in the worksREAD: an excerpt of Cloudland by Wu Ming-yi-// WORD OF THE DAY //(茧 – jiǎn – cocoon)-// MENTIONED IN THE EPISODE //Scar literature - Cultural Revolution trauma writingChinese writers at the Iowa Writers' Workshop (a long history)The Crow Road & The Wasp Factory by Iain BanksThe Promise Bird by Zhang Yueran-// Handy TrChFic Links //Help Support TrChFic // Episode TranscriptsINSTAGRAM
"Our little warrior" - a mother's words in court as the man who brutally killed her daughter was sentenced to life in jail. Lena Zhang Harrap was murdered in September 2021, while out on her daily walk in Mount Albert. It's a crime police have labelled as despicable. The 27 year old victim, who had Down Syndrome, was subjected to a two-hour sexual attack. Finn Blackwell reports.
Internet-based entrepreneurship has flourished in China for the past decade and a half. This includes start-ups in big cities, rural areas experiencing an e-commerce boom, and middle-class women reselling luxury goods. My guest argues that for many of these individuals involved in digital entrepreneurship, reinventing oneself as an entrepreneur has been an appealing way to adapt to a changing economy and society. Indeed, this everyday labor of entrepreneurial reinvention is remaking China amid changing geopolitical currents.In her new book, The Labor of Reinvention: Entrepreneurship in the New Chinese Digital Economy, Lin Zhang explores the surge in digital entrepreneurialism against the backdrop of global financial crises, the U.S.-China trade war, and the more recent pandemic. She argues that the rise of internet-based industries and practices has simultaneously empowered and exploited digital entrepreneurs and laborers. Despite embracing high-tech innovation, state-led entrepreneurialization does not represent a radical break with the past. Rather such entrepreneurship has also reinforced traditional Chinese ideas about state power, labor, gender, and identity.Lin Zhang is an assistant professor of communication and media studies at the University of New Hampshire. Twitter:@LinZhang9 Key highlights:Introduction - 00:52Entrepreneurialism and entrepreneurship - 04:04Surge in entrepreneurialism in China following the 2008 financial crisis - 09:36Opportunities and challenges facing migrants - 18:10Elite, urban-based entrepreneurs vs. non-elite entrepreneurs - 34:04China's reinvention and innovation efforts vis-a-vis the United States - 48:15Host:Professor Dan Banik, University of Oslo, Twitter: @danbanik @GlobalDevPodApple Google Spotify YouTubeSubscribe: https://globaldevpod.substack.com/https://in-pursuit-of-development.simplecast.com/
This week, Anna (https://twitter.com/annarrose) and Ariel Gabizon (https://twitter.com/rel_zeta_tech) cover the SNARK trilogy; a history of pairing-based SNARKs in 3 acts. Starting from Jens Groth's early works on SNARKs, Ariel takes us on a journey through key moments and breakthroughs in SNARKs over the last decade. They also dive into the emerging accumulation research on folding schemes and Ariel's latest work surrounding lookup tables! This is an episode you won't want to miss. Here are some additional links for this episode: Relevant Jens Groth Papers * Short Non-interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs by Jens Groth (https://www.iacr.org/archive/asiacrypt2010/6477343/6477343.pdf) * Short Pairing-based Non-interactive Zero-Knowledge Arguments by Jens Groth (http://www0.cs.ucl.ac.uk/staff/J.Groth/ShortNIZK.pdf) * On the Size of Pairing-based Non-interactive Arguments by Jens Groth (https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/260.pdf) * Zero-knowledge Argument for Polynomial Evaluation with Application to Blacklists by Stephanie Bayer and Jens Groth (https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/195) PLONK-Relative Papers * PLONK: Permutations over Lagrange-bases for Oecumenical Noninteractive arguments of Knowledge by Gabizon, Williamson, Ciobotaru (https://eprint.iacr.org/2019/953.pdf) * HyperPlonk: Plonk with Linear-Time Prover and High-Degree Custom Gates by Chen, Bünz, Boneh and Zhang (https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/1355.pdf) * Proposal: The Turbo-PLONK program syntax for specifying SNARK programs by Gabizon and Williamson (https://docs.zkproof.org/pages/standards/accepted-workshop3/proposal-turbo_plonk.pdf) Lookup-Relative Papers * plookup: A simplified polynomial protocol for lookup tables by Gabizon and Williamson (https://eprint.iacr.org/2020/315.pdf) * Caulk: Lookup Arguments in Sublinear Time by Zapico, Buterin, Khovratovich, Maller, Nitulescu and Simkin (https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/621) * A Close Look at a Lookup Argument - Mary Maller at The 13th BIU Winter School on cryptography (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uGjbczKGm4s&list=PL8Vt-7cSFnw1gx51WHRgAtioVqAjzMS1w&index=13) * cq: Cached quotients for fast lookups by Eagen, Fiore, and Gabizon (https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/1763) Additional Resources * Pinocchio: Nearly Practical Verifiable Computation by Parno, Howell, Gentry and Raykova (https://eprint.iacr.org/2013/279.pdf) * Sonic: Zero-Knowledge SNARKs from Linear-Size Universal and Updateable Structured Reference Strings by Maller, Bowe, Kohlweiss, and Meiklejohn (https://eprint.iacr.org/2019/099) * Perpetual Powers of Tau GitHub (https://github.com/weijiekoh/perpetualpowersoftau) * Delegating Computation: Interactive Proofs for Muggles by Goldwasser, Kalai and Rothblum (https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/2008-DelegatingComputation.pdf) * Efficient Zero-Knowledge Arguments for Arithmetic Circuits in Discrete Log Setting by Bootle, Cerulli, Chaidos, Groth and Petit (https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/263) * Nova: Recursive Zero-Knowledge Arguments from Folding Schemes by Kothapalli, Setty and Tzialla (https://eprint.iacr.org/2021/370.pdf) * Episode 232: Cutting Edge ZK Research with Mary Maller (https://zeroknowledge.fm/232-2/) * ZK Whiteboard Sessions - Module Six: Lookup Tables for Performance Optimisation (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1oLzrbTBlbc) Check out the ZK Jobs Board here: ZK Jobs (https://jobsboard.zeroknowledge.fm/). Anoma's (https://anoma.net/) first fractal instance Namada (https://namada.net/) is launching soon! Namada is a proof-of-stake L1 for interchain asset-agnostic privacy. Namada natively interoperates with fast-finality chains via IBC and with Ethereum via a trustless two-way bridge. Follow Namada on twitter @namada (https://twitter.com/namada) for more information and join the community on Discord discord.gg/namada (http://discord.gg/namada). If you like what we do: * Find all our links here! @ZeroKnowledge | Linktree (https://linktr.ee/zeroknowledge) * Subscribe to our podcast newsletter (https://zeroknowledge.substack.com) * Follow us on Twitter @zeroknowledgefm (https://twitter.com/zeroknowledgefm) * Join us on Telegram (https://zeroknowledge.fm/telegram) * Catch us on YouTube (https://zeroknowledge.fm/)
We're talking about the process of design. How do you build a process to enable your best work? Vitaly Friedman talks to designer Mei Zhang to find out.
FiFi Zhang - "Nobody" from the 2023 EP So Beautiful So Lonely on Gum Studio. What started as a thesis project at the Parsons School of Design has since become a music career for FiFi Zhang. The Shanghai-born/Brooklyn-based artist was inspired by a sound design class to create her own songs, and submitted the track "Butterfly" and its accompanying music video. Since then, she's continued to evolve her ethereal electro-pop style, culminating in her latest EP, So Beautiful So Lonely (a title Zhang told music blog Grandma Sophia's Cookies was inspired by a line from the TV show Sex & the City). Today's Song of the Day transforms the loneliness Zhang experienced during the pandemic into a house track, with a companion clip directed by Xiao Han and produced by Kennie Zhou. As she told GSC, "My image for the video was, you are at the bottom of the ocean and nobody can hear you, just floating by yourself in the bottom of the ocean. There is a scene where I'm a mermaid deep in the ocean, the sea creatures, my imaginary friends, all pop up from underneath me. It's my version of turning tears into pearls, a productive solitary self-indulgence where my own creations make my world so colorful and beautiful. That's the message of the music video." Read the full story at KEXP.orgSupport the show: https://www.kexp.org/donateSee omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
The Sky Society Podcast | Marketing Career
✨ Lillian Zhang, Associate Product Marketing Manager at GoogleKey Topics:☁️ Journey becoming a social media content creator☁️ How to break into the tech industry☁️ Formula for writing better resume bullet points☁️ How to price yourself as a creator☁️ Money management tips for womenSummary:Natalie Peters and Lillian Zhang discussed Lillian's role as an Associate Product Marketing Manager at Google and her content creator side hustle. We also discussed tips for breaking into the tech industry, such as interning at the same company and utilizing online resources like LinkedIn and Handshake. Zhang then shares tips for college students applying for internships or trying to break into product marketing, including how to stand out in applications and utilizing free online content.Zhang discussed how to make a stronger resume and the importance of connecting with people from your university. She also shared her experience of monetizing her personal brand on social media, which started with a brand deal when she had only 400 followers. She dives into how to price yourself as a new creator and how to land more brand dealsWe also discussed the importance of financial literacy for women in their twenties, as well as the importance of taking small steps to reach goals. Zhang dives into the benefits of budgeting apps and personal finance books, as well as the importance of diversifying income streams and understanding workplace benefits.Follow Lillian Zhang on TikTok @lillianzhang_Join the Sky Society Women in Marketing private LinkedIn group.Follow us on Instagram @skysociety.co and TikTok @skysociety.co
POST (COVID-19) ERA, 3min., USA, Fashion Directed by Haowei Zhang This fashion film is the collaboration with jewelry designer Hankunyu Wei, which expresses the jewelry artist Hankunyu Wei's thoughts and reflections on the aftershocks to human society after the end of COVID-19.As the COVID-19 inevitably hits the workings of the world, each and every one of our lives is marked. Even though masks are no longer a necessity and people's lives are gradually returning to normalcy, the dramatic changes in life over the past few years are like a wound that reminds humans to think about life, bondage and distance. Get to know the filmmaker: The emergence of the epidemic has changed our lives forever. At first, I did not anticipate that the epidemic would change our lives so profoundly. By the time I realized it, our lives were completely unable to go back to the way they were. People are highly adaptable creatures. The government also made a lot of measures to bring order back to people's world. But no matter what, the existence of the epidemic is like a scar, and even if the wound heals, there is still a part of our lives that is permanently altered. I want to explore the habits that have been subliminally changed in the world after order has been re-established. You can sign up for the 7 day free trial at www.wildsound.ca (available on your streaming services and APPS). There is a DAILY film festival to watch, plus a selection of award winning films on the platform. Then it's only $3.99 per month. Subscribe to the podcast: https://twitter.com/wildsoundpod https://www.instagram.com/wildsoundpod/ https://www.facebook.com/wildsoundpod
In this episode of the Remote CEO Show, I had the pleasure to interview Brian Zhang. Brian Zhang is a writer and aspiring cardiologist from Brooklyn, New York. He is a 2021 New York Times Scholar, reports on student life and culture for the Yale Daily News, and studies molecular, cellular, and developmental biology at Yale University.
Our next guests created chili oil in the middle of the pandemic. After gifting a few small jars of their homemade chili oil, they received some encouragement to start selling this chili oil. It was fascinating to hear about the cottage food license in Illinois as well as the steps to scale. Things like creating a logo, making labels, and finding a commercial kitchen. ChiLee Oil has come a long way. You can find them in grocery stores, neighborhood bodegas, and in collaborations with other businesses around the city. Please enjoy my conversation with Sufei Zhang and James Leehttps://www.chileeoil.comhttps://www.instagram.com/chileeoilhttps://www.instagram.com/iamconsciouslycurious
Robert Winfree and Mark Radulich provider alternate commentary for UFC Fight Night: Andrade vs. Zhang!UFC Fight Night: Andrade vs. Zhang (also known as UFC Fight Night 157 or UFC on ESPN+ 15) was a mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship that took place on August 31, 2019 at Shenzhen Universiade Sports Centre Arena in Shenzhen, China.The event marked the promotion's first visit to Shenzhen.A UFC Women's Strawweight Championship bout between former champion Jéssica Andrade and Zhang Weili served as the event's headliner.Disclaimer: The following may contain offensive language, adult humor, and/or content that some viewers may find offensive – The views and opinions expressed by any one speaker does not explicitly or necessarily reflect or represent those of Mark Radulich or W2M Network.Mark Radulich and his wacky podcast on all the things:https://linktr.ee/markkind76alsosnapchat: markkind76FB Messenger: Mark Radulich LCSWTiktok: @markradulichtwitter: @MarkRadulich
Kings and Generals: History for our Future
Last time we spoke about the descent into full scale war between the Qing dynasty and France because of the Tonkin campaign. The French sought to annihilate the Black Flag Army, knowing full well it might entice the Qing to war and so it did. The Tonkin campaign saw the battle of Bac Ninh which led to direct confrontation with Qing forces and soon both sides hit the negotiating table. The Tientsin accord was agreed upon, but no set deadline for the Qing withdrawal led to more conflict and it seems full scale war had finally kicked off. Admiral COurbet was ordered to hit Fuzhou and there he smashed the Fujian fleet utterly embarrassing the Qing dynasty leading to panic, chaos and outrage amongst the Chinese people. How will things change going forward now that France had landed a death blow to one of the Qing dynasties fleets? Could the sabers of war be sheathed? #45 The Sino-French War of 1884-1885 part 2: The Sino-French War at Sea Welcome to the Fall and Rise of China Podcast, I am your dutiful host Craig Watson. But, before we start I want to also remind you this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Perhaps you want to learn more about the history of Asia? Kings and Generals have an assortment of episodes on history of asia and much more so go give them a look over on Youtube. So please subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry for some more history related content, over on my channel, the Pacific War Channel where I cover the history of China and Japan from the 19th century until the end of the Pacific War. The battle of Fuzhou certainly made a splash. 9 Qing warships were sunk, several others were severely damaged and possibly 2-3 thousand Qing forces were killed. Admiral Courbet then went about the Min River bombarding all the forts and batteries he could before making his exit utterly humiliating the Qing. Now until the battle of Fuzhou the Qing and French were playing footsy under the table when it came to a full scale declared war. Basically everything up until now could be seen as an undeclared war. To give a example of this, think about China and Japan from 1931-1937. They were to be blunt fully at war, but neither side wanted to officially acknowledge it to the international community for a variety of reasons, thus it could be seen as an undeclared war. Here to we see France and the Qing dynasty not wishing to make formal declarations of war, for a variety of reasons. Now while it would remain undeclared, it by no means meant they were not at war. News of the catastrophe and destruction of the Fujian Fleet were met with public outrage in China. Mobs began to attack foreign concessions, and in Europe the mood was sympathetic to the Chinese cause. The British, Germans and American military's began to extend their hand to the Qing dynasty offering advisers. Perhaps it was less about the Qing plight and more so to stick the middle finger to the French, as one does, but its the thought that counts. Over in Hong Kong, still a colony of the British empire, dock workers began to refuse to repair French warships like La Galissonniere in september of 1884. La Galissonniere had received some hits in August and came in for some work, but a strike occurred in September. Now a large reason for this was Chinese workers refusing to work and by proxy it hindered the British dock workers. Things got dicey and some riots and fights broke out prompting British authorities to deploy forces to defend their dockyards and workers from continuous harassment from Chinese. This by no means was organic by the way, the Qing government were pulling strings of their citizens to cause such conflicts to hinder any aid to France. Now Admiral Courbet was given orders to smash Fuzhou, which he did, but if the Qing continued their “defiance” he was also ordered to go smash the port of Keelung in northern Formosa, modern day Taiwan. These actions of course were done to push the Qing to get their forces out of Tonkin as pertaining to the Tientsin Accords. Well the Qing were not budging, so Keelung was put on the menu. Admiral Courbet argued vigorously not to launch a campaign against Formosa, and instead to target major ports in the Liaodong region like Port Arthur or Weihaiwei. The French military planners thought these prospects to difficult to hit as the Far East Squadron was not large by any means and Keelung was a much easier target. In mid september the French cabinet after deliberating the issue decided to launch attacks against Keelung and Tamsui. Their rationale in the end was that the towns held nearby coal mines that could be seized to provide the Far East Squadron a wartime base. Thus on October 1st, Lt Colonel Bertaux-Levillain, haha that last name again, landed at Keelung with 2250 men taken from the Tonkin Campaign forces. They were to be called the Formosa Expeditionary Corps. They sailed out of Saigon escorted by the Far East Squadron and came ashore as Courbet's forces bombarded the shore batteries and Qing forces trying to mount a defense. The French casualties as usual were claimed to be small, 4 deaths and 12 wounded while the Qing casualties according to Formosans were around 100 dead and hundreds wounded. The first week of October saw French forces occupying several hills around Keelung and they sent scouts to look at the Pei-tao coal mines. The imperial commissioner responsible for the defense of Formosa was Liu Mingchuan who could only watch helplessly as the French bombarded 3 shore batteries in the port of Keelung and began to prod the Pei-tao coal mines as his 2000 or so Qing troops were overwhelmed. Now knowing the French would likely hit Tamsui as well he tried to establish better defenses there by planting torpedo mines in the river approach and creating boat and stone barricades. He also armed locals to try and augment his Qing forces. These locals were known as Hakka hillmen and they were armed with primitive matchlock rifles, but despite being undergunned were deemed very brave warriors. Tamsui was protected by two forts west of the city, the White fort and a still under construction Fort neuf. The French were unable to enter the Tamsui River due to the barricade and mines and thus began bombarding the two forts on October 2nd. The forts and warships exchanged fire, but as usual the outdated cannons in the forts were no match and were silenced quickly. Testimony from a Canadian Presbyterian missionary named George Mackey, had to add this one being Canadian myself, who was housed in Tamsui said this of the bombardment. “When the bombarding began we put our little children under the floor of the house, that they might not be alarmed. My wife went out and in during these trying hours. I paced the front of the house with A Hoa, while shot and shell whizzed and burst all around us. One shell struck a part of Oxford College, another a corner of the Girls' School, and still another a stone in front of us, and sent it into mid-air in a thousand atoms. A little to the west of us another went into the ground, gouging a great hole and sending up a cloud of dust and stones. The suction of one, as it passed, was like a sudden gust of wind. Amid the smoke from forts and ships, and the roar and thunder of shot and shell, we walked to and fro, feeling that our God was round about us.” The French bombardment was not very precise and while the two forts had been neutralized, countless shells hit the town and surrounding area endangering civilians. The French followed up the bombardment by landing ashore forces to seize the forts from which they then could begin operations to blow up the mines and barricades in the riverway. Now the Qing defense of the city was led by General Sun Kaihua and General Zhang Gaoyuan. They expected the French to come from the direction of the seized forts and began to set up defensive lines and trenches to meet this. The Far East squadron anchored near the harbour entrance to support the men as they marched. However disaster struck. The men marched and many landed ashore at some beaches, but the sand dunes further inland made it impossible for the ships to see over them to support the mens offensive. As the French marched over the dunes, expected to see large rice paddy field terrain, it was actually thick woods and ditches everywhere. General Sun Kaihua was making great use of the terrain concealing his men everywhere he could and they ambushed the French as they made their way through the brush. The forward French units were thrown into chaos, quickly screaming for backup as General Zhang Gaoyuan sent his forces to smash their left flank. Zhang's men were able to push the French left flank into the main bodies position leading to the firefight extending to the entire French formation. The Qing and French forces were separated by a distance of around 100 meters. While most of the French forces kept the volley system accordingly, many sailor forces too excited by the mayhem began mindlessly firing into the brush wasting ammunition. French officers screamed to stop. General Zhang kept up the momentum by ordering his forces to push the French left flank even further into the main body. Meanwhile General Kaihua motioned forces to hit the French right flank. The entire French frontlines were engulfed in a battle between them and unseen enemies in the brush. After an hour of engagement, 2/3rd of the French ammunition had been used and casualties were mounting. The French commanders ordered the men to make a fighting withdrawal as General Zhang and Sun ordered their men to try and cut off the left and right flanks escape. By midday, the French were in full retreat back to the warships, nearly 1/10 were wounded, many dead. It was estimated the French had 17 deaths and 49 wounded. Captain Garnot of the formosa expeditionary corps had this to say about the failed attack, “There is no doubt that the main reason for the repulse was that the landing force was too small, but poor tactics also played their part. There was no vanguard to cover the advance of the line of battle. The firing line advanced without a preliminary reconnaissance into difficult terrain, under fire from Chinese snipers who were well dug-in and protected. Confusion and lack of direction was evident in the conduct of the battle. The courage and dash shown by our officers and sailors, who had not been trained for a land battle, cannot conceal the fact that we opened fire in a disorderly manner; that the reserves came up to join the line of battle prematurely, without orders; and that our troops lost our heads, firing wildly at the enemy and using up their ammunition in a few minutes. Infantry tactics cannot simply be improvised, as our landing companies learned by bitter experience.” Later on 6 French soldiers had their heads placed in the Tamsui markets, allegedly done by the Hakka hillsmen. The French commanders sent word to General Sun demanding they be buried. The French defeat at Tamsui heavily bolstered the hardliners back in the Qing court. The court convened in late october and Empress Dowager Cixi decided the undeclared war against France would continue until France agreed to withdraw their indemnity demands for the Bac Le ambush. The Qing relayed peace terms on November 5th, but they included some major demands such as outright canceling the Tientsin Accord; having France abandon their protectorateship over Annam and Tonkin and allowing the Qing to continue to occupy Lang Son, Lao Cai an Cao Bang. The mediator between the Qing and France, British foreign secretary Lord Granville said of the terms “the Chinese terms are those from a victor to the vanquished” and he promptly refused to even transmit them to France. Because of the setback the French were only able to enforce a limited blockade of the northern portion of Formosa as the Formosa expeditionary corps awaited further reinforcements. In January of 1885 command over the corps was handed over to Colonel Jacques Duchesne who augmented them with two additional battalions bringing a total strength of around 4000 men. However also because of the Qing victory, Liu Mingchuan was augmented by over 25,000 reinforcements taken from the Xiang and Anhui armies, the veteran troops of Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang. As grand as the ground forces boost was to Formosa, on the naval front things were entirely different. The Nanyang Fleet asked for some warships of the Beiyang Fleet to augment their strength to fight the French, but the commander of the Beiyang Fleet, Li Hongzhang himself denied the request. Again, none of the fleet commanders wished to risk any of their advanced ships to face the French and the commanders adamantly did not want other commanders to use their ships for that matter. This created a major divide in the fleet. The northern fleets and southern fleets refused to cooperate and in fact did a lot to oppose another. For example, the French Navy would obviously be operating more so in the southern sea, thus one would imagine the Qing would focus their overwhelming naval strength there. However the northern fleets would hinder this greatly by draining southern China of resources, warships and of course sailors who they began to enlist en masse. This all led to the benefit of the French Navy. Meanwhile the Far East squadron was receiving reinforcements beginning in 1884 and by february of 1885 was a lot stronger. Now in mid January of 1885, the Nanyang Fleet was ordered to try and relieve the French naval blockade of Formosa. On January 18th, the cruisers Nanchen, Kaiji, Nanrui, frigate Yuyuan and sloop Chengqing departed Shanghai for Formosa. The commanding admiral was Wu Ankang and he was supposed to receive additional aid in the form of the Chaoyong, Yangwei of the Nanyang fleet and two cruisers from the Beiyang fleet, but like I said, Li Hongzhang refused to release them and instead diverted them to Korea where Yuan Shikai was busy quelling the Gapsin coup. Admiral Wu's group sailed south hesitantly, fearing an actual engagement. In fact Admiral Wu had hoped by just publicizing the fact his force was enroute to Formosa would lead the French to pull out. When this failed to occur, Wu literally turned his ships around high, tailing it for the port of Ningbo. However the French had received word of the sortie and literally leapt at the chance of engaging such an enemy. Admiral Courbet sailed out of Keelung's water with the ironclads Bayard, Triumphant, cruisers Duguay-Trouin, Eclairuer, Nielly, gunboat Aspic and the troopship Saone. The French were not exactly certain where to find the enemy and first looked into the mouth of the Min River in early February. Not finding the enemy, the French then sailed north along the Chinese coast. On February 8th, Courbet's force were running low on coal so he was forced to dispatch the Duguay-Trouin back to Keelung. On the 10th the French squadron reached Chusen island and by the 11th they entered the Yangtze river scaring the batteries at Wusong, but still no sight of the enemy fleet. The French then received word from Qing newspapers that they had actually passed the Qing fleet on their way north and that they were near Sanmen Bay. Courbet immediately set sail south and by the 13th entered Shipu Bay where they caught sight of the Qing fleet. The French immediately bore down upon their enemy as the Qing took up a V formation led by Admiral Wu's flagship Kaiji. The French were exhilarated upon seeing the Qing formation coming right at them primed for a battle and then as the Qing closed in they suddenly broke formation and scattered. 3 Qing cruisers fled south, with Courbet offering pursuit while the Yuyuan and Chengqing fled further into Shipu bay. According to American naval officer L. C Arlington who was aiding the Nanyang Fleet he said “Admiral Wu had a personal grudge against the captains of the Yuyuan and Chengqing and deliberately tried to sacrifice them to save the rest of his flotilla”. The Qing cruisers were faster and thus outran their French counterpart, leading Courbet to turn right back around to hunt the Yuyuan and Chengqing. On the night of the 14th, the French sent torpedo launches under the cover of darkness which got with 100 meters to the two ships before they were spotted. The Qing began to use rifle fire against the small boats as the French crews frantically tried to spar torpedo the Yuyuans hull successfully crippling her. One French sailor died to rifle fire as they made their escape. Arlington was actually aboard the Yuyuan that night and had this to say about the event as he witnessed the spar torpedo hit and a shell lobbed at the nearby Chengqing. “The scene that now occurred almost beggars description. Some tried to lower the boats, some rushed between decks to try and save their possessions, many jumped overboard into the sea. It was, in fact, everyone for himself, and the devil take the hindmost. When I had time to realise what had really happened, a strange scene was unrolled before me. Just ahead of us lay the little Ching-ching slowly settling down beneath the waters; she had been attacked by the same torpedo boat that had sunk us. Our own ship was gradually sinking, her guns just level with the water's edge. Along the shore and in the water about us were seamen, soldiers, chickens, ducks, geese and baggage of every description. The fault rested entirely with the Chinese—even at the last moment, had they made any attempt to repel the torpedo boat they might have warded off the catastrophe, and possibly sunk the enemy instead. No such attempt was made, and the French escaped scot-free” The next morning the French scouted the bay finding the two Qing warships had sunk. Admiral Courbet continued to hunt for the wandering Nanyang fleet and on February 25th received orders to implement a “rice blockade”. This was to be a naval blockade against the sea transport of rice to Shanghai. By the 28th, Courbets squadron made it to Zhenhai bay enroute to Shanghai where he received reports the Nanyang fleet was hiding in the bay. He hunted until march 1st until at long last he found some Qing warships and low and behold it was the 3 cruisers of Admiral Wu Ankang. Alongside the 3 cruisers were 4 other ships, the sloop Chaowu, wooden transport Yuankai and 2 gunboats. The entrance to the bay was likewise filled with sunken chinese junks blocking it. Courbet performed a reconnaissance with one of his ships, the Nielly which was met with Chinese shore battery fire and a few of the Chinese warships. The Nielly was nearly hit a few times, but managed to perform the survey and return to her squadron. Courtbet met with his fellow officers and came to the conclusion attacking the Nanyang fleet within range of their harbor defenses was too large a risk to take. Instead he elected to perform a naval blockade of Zhenhai Bay. For over a month, a few ships of the Far East Squadron at any given time held the blockade, thus forcing over 7 Nanyang fleet warships to be stuck in the bay and useless to the war. The French claim this was a strategic victory, but the Qing saw it as a defensive victory for themselves, because of the thwarting of the Nielly from their point of view. Our American friend Arlington gives a colorful account of what occurred. According to Arlington, when Admiral Wu Ankang's 3 warships showed up to Zhenhai Bay, the authorities there begged him to leave so the French would not attack them all. Instead Wu threatened to take his ships up the Ningbo river to leave them high and dry to fight the French off by themselves. When the French appeared in front of Zhenhai bay the authorities demanded Wu sail out to attack the French using the 7 warships available, but he refused to do so. Arlington states that was a wise decision, because they would have been annihilated. While the blockade was going on, Britain officially closed off Hong Kong and other held concessions from the Far East Squadron to hinder them. The French in return upheld their rice blockade strategy against the Yangtze River, hoping to start out northern China. As far as the great battles of the sea were concerned that would actually be the end of it for the most part. Now taking a look back to the land campaigns, after the naval battle of Fuzhou, Empress Dowager Cixi had given the greenlight for the undeclared war to kick off. This resulted in Qing forces from Guangxi and Yunnan provinces to advance into Tonkin to give battle with the French. General Millot's health took a turn for the worse and he submitted his resignation back in September of 1884, his last order of the day had describing himself as quote “a sick and disappointed man”. He was relieved by General Louis Briere de L'isle which greatly annoys me as I now will have to narrate that entire name each time haha. Little known fact I am married to a Quebecois woman who is throwing up hearing my anglo ass narrate so many french terms and names. Briere de L'isle's first task was to thwart the Qing forces invading the Red River Delta system. By late september a large Guangxi Army were advancing from LangSon into the Luc Nam Valley and managed to ambush two grinch gunboats, the Massue and Hache on October 2nd. They managed to kill one officer and injured 32 men, but the ambush did give up the element of surprise. French scouts reported 3 large groups of Qing forces: one around the village of Kep along the Mandarin road; one at Bao Loc; and one at Chu in the upper valley of the Luc Nam River. Briere de L'ilse deployed General Oscar de Negrier with 3000 troops to hit the Luc Nam Valley before the Qing could concentrate their forces. The Guangxi force was led by Generals Wang Debang and Pan Dingxin, two officers who were part of the Bac le ambush. The forces at Kep were led by Fang Yusheng and Zhou Shouchang while the forces at Chu were led by Su Yuanchun and Chen Jia. General Oscar transported his forces using gunboats to quickly hit the separate forces before they could consolidate. Oscar would lead men to his Kep with the bulk of his troops while his subordinate Lt Colonel Donnier took a column to hit Chu. Once Oscar had won at Kep he would then either help at Chu or move on to hit Bao Loc. On October 8th, Oscar's men smashed the forces at Kep sending them fleeing, and quickly got back to his gunboats to join Donnier at Chu. The battle of Kep saw the French losing 32 killed and 61 wounded and claiming to have inflicted 1600 casualties upon the Qing. This meant Donnier could be patient and await the reinforcements before seriously engaging the enemy at Chu, but on October the 10th his men were drawn into a bloody two day battle at Chu. Donnier was victorious, though it was a costly one, he had 21 deaths and 92 wounded while claiming to have killed 100 Qing and wounded a few hundred. After these two victories, the Qing fell back to Bac le and Dong Song while the French consolidated their positions at Kep and Chu by reinforcing them with a total of 7200 soldiers and 4500 coolies. While Briere de l'ilse was consolidated and supplying his forces at Chu and Kep he also began ordering resupply missions to the outposts of Tuyen Quang, Thai Nguyen and Hung Hoa. The outposts were being continuously harassed by Liu Yongu's Black Flags and the invading Yunnan forces. These more isolated outposts began seeing attacks from the Yunnan army beginning on october 12th and by the end of the month the garrison at Tuyen Quang saw 170 of its 550 men unfit for duty. Throughout october the French gunboats were trying their best to resupply the outposts, but the Black Flag Army occupied Yu Oc, which was between Tuyen Quang and Hung Hoa, thus cutting it off. By early november the French knew the lack of supplies getting through was becoming dangerous. The gunboat crews were continuously sniped at causing many fatalities. This led Briere de L'isle to launch at attack to dislodge the Black Flags at Yu Oc, while simultaneously making a resupply run for Tuyen Quang. Lt Colonel Jacques Duchesne was sent with roughly 700 men to take a small flotilla of junks escorted by 4 gunboats to land 7 kms above Yu Oc. The troops landed on november 18th and spent the day marching to Yu Oc, never seeing the enemy. At dawn on the 19th, the vanguard of the French column began to come under fire, but they could not pinpoint the enemy's location as a result of the deep bush. Duchesne ordered the front units to fan out a bit and they quickly found a Qing forward line of defense. For two hours a firefight ensued as the Qing gradually prodded different parts of the French column. At 10am a forward French legionnaire companies found a Qing fort that was firing down upon the French vanguard force. The legionnaires fixed bayonets and charge the fort coming out of a ravine. The Qing defenders fled their defenses before the French could surround them disappearing into the bush. The fighting continued on with the French gradually pushing forward until they found a citadel. The French quickly neutralized the citadel and thus the way to Tuyen Quang was opened again for resupply. The fighting cost the French 10 dead with 37 wounded, for the Black Flags and Yunnan forces the losses were estimated to be much higher. I would like to take this time to remind you all that this podcast is only made possible through the efforts of Kings and Generals over at Youtube. Please go subscribe to Kings and Generals over at Youtube and to continue helping us produce this content please check out www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. If you are still hungry after that, give my personal channel a look over at The Pacific War Channel at Youtube, it would mean a lot to me. The French had basically won the war at sea, but the land forces had to fight bitterly against the Black Flag, Vietnamese and Qing forces in Tonkin. Would the French be able to push the Qing and Black Flags out of Tonkin to claim it for themselves?
In this episode, we sit down with Dr. Mike Stone and Dr. Carl Seger, to discuss one of the most controversial topics in the food industry: glyphosate. Glyphosate is the active ingredient in many weed killers and is also used as a pesticide in agriculture. It has become a hot-button issue in recent years due to concerns about its potential impact on human health. In this episode, Dr. Stone and Dr. Seger dive into the potential health implications of glyphosate exposure and the conflicting research surrounding its safety. They'll explain what glyphosate is, where it is commonly found, and practical tips on how to avoid glyphosate exposure. Episode References: International Agency for Research on Cancer. (2015). IARC Monographs Volume 112: evaluation of five organophosphate insecticides and herbicides. https://www.iarc.who.int/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/MonographVolume112-1.pdf US Environmental Protection Agency. (2020). Glyphosate. https://www.epa.gov/ingredients-used-pesticide-products/glyphosate European Food Safety Authority. (2015). Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment for the active substance glyphosate. https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4302 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. (2021). Glyphosate. https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/glyphosate/index.cfm US Environmental Protection Agency. (2020). Glyphosate. https://www.epa.gov/ingredients-used-pesticide-products/glyphosate National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. (2021). Glyphosate. https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/glyphosate/index.cfm US Food and Drug Administration. (2021). Questions and Answers on Glyphosate. https://www.fda.gov/food/pesticides/questions-and-answers-glyphosate Parvez S, Gerona RR, Proctor C, et al. Glyphosate exposure in pregnancy and shortened gestational length: a prospective Indiana birth cohort study. Environmental Health. 2018;17(1):23. Shelton JF, Geraghty EM, Tancredi DJ, et al. Neurodevelopmental disorders and prenatal residential proximity to agricultural pesticides: the CHARGE study. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014;122(10):1103-1109. US Environmental Protection Agency. Glyphosate Issue Paper: Evaluation of Carcinogenic Potential. 2016. Available at: https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2016-09/documents/glyphosate_issue_paper_evaluation_of_carcinogenic_potential.pdf de Cock M, Maas YG, van de Bor M. Does perinatal exposure to endocrine disruptors induce autism spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders? Review. Acta Paediatrica. 2012;101(8):811-818. Parvez S, Gerona RR, Proctor C, et al. Glyphosate exposure in pregnancy and shortened gestational length: a prospective Indiana birth cohort study. Environmental Health. 2018;17(1):23. Shelton JF, Geraghty EM, Tancredi DJ, et al. Neurodevelopmental disorders and prenatal residential proximity to agricultural pesticides: the CHARGE study. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014;122(10):1103-1109. US Environmental Protection Agency. Glyphosate Issue Paper: Evaluation of Carcinogenic Potential. 2016. Available at: https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2016-09/documents/glyphosate_issue_paper_evaluation_of_carcinogenic_potential.pdf Cao, C., Wang, X., & Li, J. (2018). Glyphosate residues in breakfast food: a potential health risk to children. Environmental Pollution, 233, 446-454. Li, Z., Li, Q., Du, J., & Zhang, L. (2019). Glyphosate residues and glyphosate-resistant crop interactions with soils and microbes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(21), 21799-21808. US Environmental Protection Agency. (2020). Glyphosate. https://www.epa.gov/ingredients-used-pesticide-products/glyphosate US Food and Drug Administration. (2021). Questions and Answers on Glyphosate. https://www.fda.gov/food/pesticides/questions-and-answers-glyphosate
Heartburn, the burning sensation in your chest caused by acid reflux, affects millions worldwide. While over-the-counter medications and prescription drugs may offer relief, many people look for natural home remedies, which leads them to wonder, “Do essential oils help with heartburn?” In this article, I'll review what causes heartburn, how essential oils may help alleviate some symptoms, and how to prevent it. Prevalence In the United States alone, it is estimated that approximately 60 million adults experience heartburn at least once a month, with 15 million suffering daily.El-Serag, H. B., Sweet, S., Winchester, C. C., & Dent, J. (2014). Update on the epidemiology of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review. Gut, 63(6), 871-880. Men are more likely to experience heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) than women, likely because of men's hormones, lifestyles, diets, and alcohol consumption.Nilsson, M., Johnsen, R., Ye, W., Hveem, K., & Lagergren, J. (2003). Obesity and estrogen as risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. JAMA, 290(1), 66-72. The prevalence of heartburn and GERD increases with age. One study found that GERD symptoms increased from 10.8% in individuals aged 18-24 to 21.8% in those aged 65-74.Locke, G. R., Talley, N. J., Fett, S. L., Zinsmeister, A. R., & Melton, L. J. (1997). Prevalence and clinical spectrum of gastroesophageal reflux: a population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Gastroenterology, 112(5), 1448-1456. This increase may be attributed to age-related changes in esophageal function and increased gastric acid secretion. Causes Heartburn occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and a burning sensation in the chest area. This condition, also known as acid reflux, can be triggered by obesity, smoking, certain medications, and consuming acidic, fatty, or spicy foods.Mayo Clinic. (2018). Heartburn. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heartburn/symptoms-causes/syc-20373223 Lifestyle habits like stress and lack of sleep can also contribute to heartburn episodes. I want to highlight obesity and medications, as they're often overlooked or ignored as causal factors. Obesity Obesity is a significant risk factor for the development of heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Obesity leads to heartburn and GERD through: Increased intra-abdominal pressure: Obesity, particularly central or abdominal obesity, increases intra-abdominal pressure. This increased pressure puts pressure on the stomach, which can cause the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to weaken or open, allowing stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus, resulting in heartburn.Pandolfino, J. E., El-Serag, H. B., Zhang, Q., Shah, N., Ghosh, S. K., & Kahrilas, P. J. (2006). Obesity: a challenge to esophagogastric junction integrity. Gastroenterology, 130(3), 639-649. Hormonal changes: Adipose tissue in obese individuals can cause hormonal changes, including the release of adipokines and cytokines, which have been linked to inflammation and impaired LES function.Hampel, H., Abraham, N. S., & El-Serag, H. B. (2005). Meta-analysis: obesity and the risk for gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications. Annals of Internal Medicine, 143(3), 199-211. Esophageal motility disorders: Obesity may also be associated with esophageal motility disorders, which can contribute to developing heartburn and GERD.El-Serag, H. B. (2008). Role of obesity in GORD-related disorders. Gut, 57(3), 281-284. Medications Several medications can contribute to heartburn by weakening the LES, irritating the esophageal lining, or slowing gastric emptying. Some common medications associated with heartburn include: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): NSAIDs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, can irritate the esophageal lining and increase the risk of heartburn.Wolfe, M. M., Lichtenstein, D.
On this segment of "Real Talk", the Ring Gang crew recap the fight between Joe Joyce and Zhilei Zhang
This week we check out highlights from the NBA Playin, a couple of the first NBA playoff games, we witness an absolute beatdown on Joe Joyce, and wrap up with a Messi world cup hype movie. We hope yall enjoy and appreciate the continued support. Be easy.
Fritz and Franco take a deep dive into the heavyweight fight between Joe Joyce and Zhilei Zhang along with their friend, comedian Lenny Schmidt. The boys then "play boxing" to break down Mikaela Mayer vs Lucy Wildheart, Karthik Kumar vs Sam Noakes, and Moses Itauma vs Kostiantyn Dovbyshchenko. As always, we break down all the fights... with a sense of humor.
Winning In Asia: A ZoZo Go Podcast
Ms. Lu Zhang moved from Inner Mongolia to the United States at the age of 20 to study material sciences at Stanford. Shortly after graduation, she founded her first company - one that made her independently wealthy. Today she leads Fusion Fund, a Palo-Alto based venture capital company that focuses on early stage investments. Ms Zhang is recognized as one of the top 25 leading female entrepreneurs in Silicon Valley. I met Lu at a private gathering of venture capital leaders gathering earlier this year. She struck me as an exceptionally smart and driven individual. In this episode, we will learn how Lu thinks about risk and how she picks winners. We will also discover the meaning of her name and what kind of cars she drives. Hint: One is German and the other is made in America. Lu Zhang, Founder, Fusion Fund, on the Driving With Dunne podcast. #DrivingWithDunne / #ZozoGo https://twitter.com/Dunne_ZoZoGohttps://www.instagram.com/zo.zo.go/?hl=enhttps://www.linkedin.com/in/michael-dunne-a696901a/
Boxing News Podcast - The Opening Bell
This week, Boxing News broke the story of Conor Benn's provisional suspension from UKAD. Editor Matt Christie explains to Alex Steedman the complexities of that ruling and the wider potential consequences for those involved.Joe Joyce was stunned by Zilhei Zhang last weekend. We examine what the future may hold for both.There's time to preview Joe Cordina's vital Cardiff comeback and the sumptuous showdown between Gervonta Davis and Ryan Garcia.And, in This Week, we look back on a bombastic showing from the one and only Earnie Shavers.Thanks for your ongoing support - please rate, follow and drop a review.
Gareth A Davies is joined by Nick Peet to delve into the latest from the world of boxingComing up; What now for Joyce after Zhang stunned him in the Copperbox? How would a heavyweight tournament in Saudi Arabia work? And we look at one of the biggest fights of the year, Gervonta Davis vs Ryan Garcia! Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
It's a huge fight week! Gervonta Davis and Ryan Garcia are just days away from squaring off, and we preview that fight, plus so much more! Zhilei Zhang upset Joe Joyce, has the outlook for Joyce drastically changed? Jake Paul is returning against Nate Diaz! Even more!
The Fight Site Podcast Network
Zhilei Zhang defeated Joe Joyce by knockout this weekend, upsetting the heavyweight applecart and giving Lukasz plenty to talk about as he breaks down why the Juggernaut broke. For our followers and any new readers, read an update on our ongoing appeal for help for Iggy here: https://www.thefight-site.com/home/reader-notice-fundraiser-update Follow Lukasz on Twitter: https://twitter.com/craftyboxing Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/FightSitedotcom Check out our written content on the website: https://www.thefight-site.com/ Support us directly on Patreon for exclusive content and access to the discord: https://www.patreon.com/fightsite We have exclusive merchandise at teespring.com/stores/the-fight-site-shop
Teddy Atlas and co-host Ken Rideout discuss Joe Joyce's loss to Zhilei Zhang, Max Holloway and Arnold Allen battling it out over in the UFC, and the upcoming Ryan Garcia vs Gervonta "Tank" Davis. Thanks for being with us. The best way to support is to subscribe, share the episode and check out our sponsors: Athletic Greens - https://athleticgreens.com/atlas SUBSCRIBE TO OUR WEEKLY NEWSLETTER HERE: https://teddyatlas.com Timestamps: 00:00 - Intro 6:45 - Joe Joyce vs Zhilei Zhang 41:30 - UFC Kansas City 51:20 - Max Holloway vs Arnold Allen 1:02:00 - Ryan Garcia vs Gervonta Davis TEDDY'S AUDIOBOOK Amazon/Audible: https://amzn.to/32104DR iTunes/Apple: https://apple.co/32y813r THE FIGHT T-SHIRTS https://teddyatlas.com TEDDY'S SOCIAL MEDIA Twitter - http://twitter.com/teddyatlasreal Instagram - http://instagram.com/teddy_atlas THE FIGHT WITH TEDDY ATLAS SOCIAL MEDIA Instagram - http://instagram.com/thefightWTA Twitter - http://twitter.com/thefightwta Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/TheFightwithTeddyAtlas Big thanks to VHS collection for intro music. More on VHS Collection here: http://www.vhscollection.com Thanks for tuning in. Please be sure to subscribe! Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Ringside Toe2Toe Boxing Podcast
Andy Scott and Barry Jones are joined by Mikaela Mayer to discuss her win last weekend plus potentially fighting the winner of Taylor v Cameron. They also react to Zhilei Zhang's huge upset win against Joe Joyce and preview the eagerly anticipated clash between Gervonta Davis and Ryan Garcia.
We start off the show recapping Zhilei Zhang's massive win over Joe Joyce and what it means for the heavyweight division (1:41). Next up is a fun game of "Fact or Fiction" surrounding the Tank Davis-Ryan Garcia fight (18:14). Enjoy the show! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
#joejoyce #ZhileiZhang #joycezhang ️️️☎️Zhang Zhilei The Big Bang Batters Joe Joyce's Eye Forces TKO for WBO Interim WHO NEXT❗️
In what some will consider an upset, Zhieli Zhang beat Joe Joyce via a sixth-round technical knockout and has put himself right on the map for a world title shot. We recap the fight and where it went wrong for Joyce and right for Zhang plus discuss the potential fights for the Chinese heavyweight and also what is next for Joyce. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
#deontaywilder #tysonfury #anthonyjoshua ☎️Eddie Hearn CONFIRMS Middle East Wants Fury vs Usyk & Joshua vs Wilder On SAME NIGHT❗️
ITRBoxing Radio Boxing Podcast
We preview the April 22nd, pay-per-view fight on Showtime with Gervonta Davis taking on Ryan Garcia.Timestamps0:00 Intro0:30 Zhang stops Joe Joyce7:30 Jared Anderson vs. “Big Bang” Zhang13:30 Mikaela Mayer vs Lucy Wildheart 18:36 Sam Noakes26:20 Tank Davis vs Ryan Garcia Preview42:00 PPV Undercard Thoughts52:00 Deep undercard - Floyd Schofield54:00 Joe Cordina vs Shavkatdzhon Rakhimov, world title fight 130 lbs IBF01:00:00 Outro
Michael Montero gives his immediate thoughts on the heavyweight fight between Zhilei Zhang and Joe Joyce that took place tonight in London. Zhang (25-1-1, 20 KOs) scored the sixth-round stoppage to claim an interim title belt, handing Joyce his first loss as a pro. Is Zhang ready for the elite? Can Joyce rebound from this defeat? Montero breaks it all down. https://youtu.be/B2polvjB96A
Sports Gambling Podcast Network
This UFC and boxing edition looks at the current Heavyweight divisions as Joe Joyce returns to the ring. The show also looks at tonight's UFC main event, as Max Holloway takes on Arnold Allen. This show closes out with a DOUBLE Lock. SGPN Merch Store - https://sg.pn/store Download The Free SGPN App - https://sgpn.app Check out SGPN.TV Support us by supporting our partners ShadyRays.com code SGPN - 50% OFF 2+ pairs of polarized sunglasses SwordVitality.com code SGPN - Increase blood flow + stamina Tawkify.com/SGPN - 20% off when you become a client Underdog Fantasy code SGPN - 100% Deposit Match up to $100 - https://sg.pn/underdog Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
#joejoyce #ZhileiZhang #joycezhang ️️️☎️Joe Joyce vs. Zhilei Zhang
#deontaywilder #tysonfury #anthonyjoshua ☎️Fury vs Usyk and Joshua vs Wilder in December❓ Joe Joyce vs. Zhilei Zhang Preview & Predictions
Where do, Izzy, Poatan & Shakur go after their fights on Saturday? Is Linardatou too much, too little, or just right as Mayer's bounce back fight? Plus a WBO Heavyweight Title bout and a possible 145 Eliminator in the UFC.
What I Want to Know with Kevin P. Chavous
According to the Brennan Center for Justice, student activism is on the rise. Despite long being thought of as politically disengaged, students are interested now more than ever in advocating for the causes they care about. What drives our students to engage in civic life and create calls to action? What barriers exist for young people pursuing activism? And how can we support students who desire to create positive change in their communities? In this episode, Kevin discusses the importance of youth civic engagement with high school student activist and founder of Young STEMists, Mandy Zhang.
He killed 3 people on Chinese New Year. He admitted to it, he turned himself in, and he said in court that he didn't regret a single moment of it. He had waited 20 long years to finally do it and now he felt free. He confessed to a triple homicide so why was a whole country rooting for him? Because he had gotten revenge on his mom's killers. He had waited 20 years to take what he felt was his—an eye for an eye. Full Source Notes: rottenmangopodcast.com To learn more about listener data and our privacy practices visit: https://www.audacyinc.com/privacy-policy Learn more about your ad choices. Visit https://podcastchoices.com/adchoices
What a weekend. With Soly having the night off and TC running the show, there are lots of directions to go on this recap podcast.First up, Cody brings us his first-hand report from Rose Zhang's win at the Augusta National Women's Amateur. We have a thorough debrief of the fourth edition of the event and Cody's first visit to the grounds of Augusta (50:00). Then it's on to the PGA Tour where Corey Connors wins in San Antonio for the second time while on the LPGA Tour, Ruoning Yin wins for the first time as she claims the LA Open at Palos Verdes. Meanwhile the LIV boys prepped for the Masters in Orlando at Orange County National.We close the pod with Michael Wolf to recap our first Office Hours video about the origins of the Masters (1:36:00), some reactions to Gary Player's antics and Soly's interview with Patrick Cantlay. We end with DJ's visit with Rose Zhang to relive her win at the ANWA (2:10:20).
Andy and Brendan are BACK in Augusta for the first of many in-person recordings this week at the Masters. They begin with some amusing early intel on, who else, Woosie, after a few hours at Augusta National on Sunday afternoon. Then it's on to Sunday's action, focusing on the Corey Conners and Brooks Koepka wins. They play a quick game of whether Brooksy's win at LIV Orlando means anything and makes him a top 15 favorite for the Masters. Garrett Morrison then joins for an ANWA segment after his attendance at that event all weekend. They laud Rose Zhang, raise their eyebrows about her dad-caddie, and consider the event in its fourth year of existence taking a dominant place in women's amateur golf.
All eyes turn towards Augusta as the 4th-annual Augusta National Women's Amateur kicks off a huge week-and-a-half of golf amongst the pine trees of Georgia. In today's episode Cody and Randy are joined by Jordan Perez (@jrdnprz on twitter) to discuss and preview what is surely the deepest, most talented field the ANWA has seen to date. Jordan is covering the ANWA on behalf of AmateurGolf.com and you can find all her writing this week there. Today's run of show is as follows: Cody and Randy spend the first ~35:00 minutes recapping last weekend's Drive On Championship and touching on some LPGA odds & ends. At the 35:00 minute mark Jordan joins to go over her favorite storylines at the ANWA, plus the trio reveal their favorite dark horses to contend and their five favorites to win. Finally, and certainly not to be missed, Cody and Randy interview (at the 1:37:05 mark) World Amateur #1, Rose Zhang, as she prepares to tee it up in her fourth ANWA. Rose talks about the state of her game, lessons learned from prior ANWAs, and her mental approach to this week. Enjoy!
The Industrial Talk Podcast with Scott MacKenzie
On this week's Industrial Talk we're onsite at IoT Solutions World Congress and talking to Dr. Christina Yan Zhang, CEO of The Metaverse Institute about "The Metaverse and the impact to Industry". Learn about the Metaverse Institute along with Dr. Christina's unique insight into the future of the Industrial Metaverse on this Industrial Talk interview! Finally, get your exclusive free access to the Industrial Academy and a series on “Why You Need To Podcast” for Greater Success in 2023. All links designed for keeping you current in this rapidly changing Industrial Market. Learn! Grow! Enjoy! DR. CHRISTINA YAN ZHANG'S CONTACT INFORMATION: Personal LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/christinayanzhang/ Company LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/metaverse-institute/ Company Website: https://metaverse-institute.org/ PODCAST VIDEO: https://youtu.be/1O7BSjAEktk THE STRATEGIC REASON "WHY YOU NEED TO PODCAST": OTHER GREAT INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES: NEOM: https://www.neom.com/en-us Hitachi Vantara: https://www.hitachivantara.com/en-us/home.html Industrial Marketing Solutions: https://industrialtalk.com/industrial-marketing/ Industrial Academy: https://industrialtalk.com/industrial-academy/ Industrial Dojo: https://industrialtalk.com/industrial_dojo/ We the 15: https://www.wethe15.org/ YOUR INDUSTRIAL DIGITAL TOOLBOX: LifterLMS: Get One Month Free for $1 – https://lifterlms.com/ Active Campaign: Active Campaign Link Social Jukebox: https://www.socialjukebox.com/ Industrial Academy (One Month Free Access And One Free License For Future Industrial Leader): Business Beatitude the Book Do you desire a more joy-filled, deeply-enduring sense of accomplishment and success? Live your business the way you want to live with the BUSINESS BEATITUDES...The Bridge connecting...