Movement of people between relatively distant geographical locations
This week's topics: • CBD Oil for body pains • Having a last ditch piece of fun before settling down • Going on holiday without your partner • Unyoked arranged marriages • Being ignorant to different cultures • Arranged marriages • Caring or not about Exes • Being disappointed with whom your Ex has slept with • People who can switch on the charisma • Talking to yourself • Leaving items after throws of passion • Going on holiday without your family • Women travelling solo • Travelling to ghettos and hood all over the world • Being scared on holiday • The hood being home • Stealing cars • Children being shy or outgoing • Being able to work on TV • Who we'd interview if we could pick anyone, dead or alive • Guiding children in the direction you want • A deeper dive on Kyle Rittenhouse's acquittal • Listener email • Wanting more women on the podcast • Telling people they're special unprompted • Telling family you love them • AITA for leaving my boyfriend stranded at a party for making a 'joke'? • Taking jokes too far with people • #StavrosSays : 1. William Irvine: How To Live a Stoic Life [The Knowledge Project Ep. #123] [https://fs.blog/knowledge-podcast/william-irvine/] 2. Kate [https://www.netflix.com/title/80216200] 3. Passing [https://www.netflix.com/title/81424320] Connect with us at & send your questions & comments to: #ESNpod so we can find your comments www.esnpodcast.com www.facebook.com/ESNpodcasts www.twitter.com/ESNpodcast www.instagram.com/ESNpodcast @esnpodcast on all other social media email@example.com It's important to subscribe, rate and review us on your apple products. You can do that here... www.bit.ly/esnitunes
Hello! A few old friends and an exclusive interview with Thorsten, Hoshiko and new member Paul Frick from the mighty Tangerine Dream - to celebrate the new what-we-are-calling ‘precursor' album 'Probe 6-8' ahead of the new LP in the new year. PLUS music from Gavin Harrison, Ozric Tentacles, Nosound... AND some Gong news! Music: Tangerine Dream - Continuum/Raum/Para Guy (from Probe 6-8) Gavin Harrison - A Place to Stay (from Sanity & Gravity) Nosound - Places Remained (from This Night (Live in Veruno)) Ozric Tentacles - Eternal Wheel (from Travelling the Great Circle)
Episode: 337. Happy early Thanksgiving to all! Today Jon and I are holding down the fort as Jason is on the road this week. Jon gives us an update on booking dining as his trip is now 60 days out. He tells us his experience with searching for and grabbing those important dinning reservations. We […] The post Afraid of getting Booed appeared first on Traveling With The Mouse.
Chilling. Candid. Controversial.This is the voice of one man from within a dark scandal that nestled in the heart of London's Soho in the 1970s.Travelling to the big city to escape The Troubles in his native Northern Ireland, Anthony Daly accepted a job in Foyles Bookshop and began a new life in England. However, his naivety saw him quickly fall foul of predators, looking for young men to blackmail and sexually exploit.After years of hiding the secret of his abuse at the hands of some of the most influential men in the country, Anthony's trauma became harder to contain, as he witnessed revelations of historic abuse coming to light on TV and in newspapers.Then, finally, his lost voice ripped through the safe family life he had built over 40 years.With parallels to Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, this is stylishly written and politically explosive. It is the haunting true story of a young man's decent into a hell designed to satisfy the powerful. A world that destroyed the lives of everyone involved.***Previously published as Playland (2018)***'Tony Daly's story goes to the very heart of a corrupt and perverted establishment.' Derry Journal'Explosive' Belfast Telegraph, Ivan Little'An extremely powerful and honest read that I just couldn't put down.' Waterstones staff review'A shattering memoir' Robin Jarossi, author of The Hunt for the 60s Ripper
Chilling. Candid. Controversial. This is the voice of one man from within a dark scandal that nestled in the heart of London's Soho in the 1970s. Travelling to the big city to escape The Troubles in his native Northern Ireland, Anthony Daly accepted a job in Foyles Bookshop and began a new life in England. However, his naivety saw him quickly fall foul of predators, looking for young men to blackmail and sexually exploit. After years of hiding the secret of his abuse at the hands of some of the most influential men in the country, Anthony's trauma became harder to contain, as he witnessed revelations of historic abuse coming to light on TV and in newspapers. Then, finally, his lost voice ripped through the safe family life he had built over 40 years. With parallels to Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, this is stylishly written and politically explosive. It is the haunting true story of a young man's decent into a hell designed to satisfy the powerful. A world that destroyed the lives of everyone involved. ***Previously published as Playland (2018)*** 'Tony Daly's story goes to the very heart of a corrupt and perverted establishment.' Derry Journal 'Explosive' Belfast Telegraph, Ivan Little 'An extremely powerful and honest read that I just couldn't put down.' Waterstones staff review 'A shattering memoir' Robin Jarossi, author of The Hunt for the 60s Ripper
It's a VERY exciting week at Pod Save the Queen as host Zoe Forsey is back in the studio! But even more excitingly, royal editor Russell Myers is recording from Jordan, where he's following Prince Charles and Camilla's first Royal Tour since before the pandemic. As well as all the exciting travel news, the Queen has returned to work and Meghan Markle has revealed another TV interview - this time with Ellen. We also discuss Remembrance Sunday, including Prince Charles's emotion and a centre stage role for the Duchess of Cambridge.
In this episode, Prakriti from India (folks on Instagram know her as @itisinthename) shares her journey of summiting Ama Dablam during her periods and how easy it is to travel as a vegan in South Asia. For someone who began her mountaineering journey less than a year ago, Prakriti recently summited Ama Dablam, being only the second Indian woman to do so and aims to climb more mountains in the future. Stay connected with us through Instagram and Facebook Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/duluwatalks/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/duluwatalks Location credit: Hostel Nextdoor
Travel Gluten Free Podcast Episode 163 Portable Gluten-Free Food Ideas for the Gluten Free Traveler Welcome to the Travel Gluten Free Podcast. Today, I'm sharing some easy, portable gluten-free food ideas to bring with you on your next adventure. By the time this airs, I will have just gotten back from a cruise, and I'm excited to share my experience with you soon. But until then, have a few great, gluten-free tips for travelling. What Kind of Gluten-Free Snacks to Travel With Make sure to bring snacks that don't have any kind of coating or chocolate that will melt and make a mess out of everything. Always check the labels for glaze, chocolate, or anything of the sort. I love granola bars from Lara, and there are plenty of great brands that are free from top allergens such as Yes! or Ka-Pop!. Other snacks that aren't brand specific that I like are seaweed snacks, apple sauce packets (yes, just like the ones for toddlers) or fruit snacks and gummies that are all made up of pure, organic ingredients. Remember to always read the label before buying something new, and don't trust something that's advertised as GF unless it's certified gluten-free. What I Look for in a Hotel Room as a GF Traveller I always make sure to get a hotel room with either a small kitchen or kitchenette, and at the very least a microwave or fridge. It makes it so much easier to snack at night, rather than going out, and is much more convenient when packing your own safe food and drinks. Most places will generally have a fridge and microwave, but always make sure to check. One tip I've learned is that many hotels in Las Vegas don't provide a fridge you can use, instead filling it with snacks they want you to pay for. But, you can call the front desk and have them bring you a refrigerator for all of your gluten-free goodies. Where to Shop for Gluten Free Foods while Travelling An unexpected way to find food while traveling is in HomeGoods. They have a surprisingly decent selection of GF snacks that I like to try before travelling, so that I know what I like beforehand. WinCo also has a great variety of allergen-free foods as reasonable prices. Another tip is to go to Whole Foods and see what they offer there, and then check the product's website to see if you can find the same thing for cheaper. Another gluten-free staple of mine is to bring cookies for dessert, since most restaurants don't offer gluten-free dessert options. Happy 30th Birthday to Our Sponsor Kinnikinnick! Kinnikinnick is celebrating its 30th birthday and is offering Travel Gluten Free listeners a 10% discount when you use the code TravelGlutenFree at checkout! Order $55 or more and receive your discount when you checkout in your cart! Then, fill your cart with one of Kinnikinnick's new goodies, such as their chocolate chip cookies, their soft and fluffy hot dog buns, and their flatbread crusts. Journey with Travel Gluten Free Get the BEST all-natural gluten-free travel cosmetics at Lemongrass Spa! Find cool gluten-free swag at my gluten-free swag shop The Guide to Traveling Gluten Free will walk you through planning and enjoying your next gluten-free travel adventure! Follow Travel Gluten Free on Social Media Twitter, Facebook, Youtube, Pinterest, Instagram *Spread the love of Travel Gluten Free podcast and share this episode with a friend*
This episode was a massive thrill to record as I'm joined by Andy Crofts - a who has been part of the Paul Weller band since 2008!. Musician, singer-songwriter, photographer, he's got a weekly radio show, he's a record label boss, heck he's even made music videos for Paul and created an outstanding Weller film-documentary called One. Andy is also the founding member of the fabulous indie-band The Moons who released their own fabulous album - Pocket Melodies - in 2020 too. Back in September Andy announced that he would have to stay home this winter to care for his family rather than head out on tour with Paul and co. MORE INFO BOOK - Paul Weller: Photographs by Andy Crofts - thisdayinmusicbooks.com/product/paul-weller PHOTOS - andycroftsphotography.com COLORAMA RECORDS - www.coloramarecords.com/releases ONE - PAUL WELLER - Documentary - On YouTube Thanks for listening - make sure that you subscribe / follow and leave a review - and if you want to support the podcast financially, you can buy me a virtual coffee via the link below (£3) Buy me a coffee on ko-fi https://ko-fi.com/paulwellerfanpodcast Buy our official pin badge here - https://thisisnow.design/products/dsp_01-desperately-seeking-paul-enamel-pin
Tychon's debut as a public figure stemmed from being crowned as the winner of Big Brother Canada Season 9. As the first black winner of the series, he uses his platform to make a positive difference in the world. Tychon's life's work has been dedicated to Community Building, mostly as an Urban Planner, Basketball Coach, and Youth Program Director. Through being an Ambassador for Diversity and Inclusion, Mental Health, Education, and Active Living, Tychon wants to help be part of the change I'd like to see in today's world. Tap into the time stamps for this powerful episode. 39: Life after Big Brother Season 9, what was the biggest thing you learned about yourself after being on the show? 2:50 Travelling? You have been to come to place Greece, Dubai, other areas. What did you learn about yourself through traveling and experiences?4:20 Quitting his job to pursue modeling, why did he choose to bet on himself? And not the 9-5 lifestyle.7:47: What does it mean about being black and creating content? 9:30 What did Tychon learn from playing basketball that he added to his lifestyle?11:12 When is the basketball game happening with Jedson vs Tychon going down? 14:25 Tychon talks about mental health and what needs to understand? 17:21 Who influences Tychon in life currently? 19:43 What is the one thing that Tychon could tell his younger self? → CONNECT WITH TYCHON CARTER ←WEBSITE: https://www.tychoncarter.comINSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/tychonxcarter/YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC24hEUtid_w8fyrG3kS2Idg/about→ CONNECT WITH ME ON SOCIAL MEDIA ←INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/officially.rory/TWITTER: https://twitter.com/officiallyroryLINKEDIN: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mitchellrory/YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/user/Rory519
Biggs and Lenz discuss: CNN Rittenhouse Trial Ghislaine Maxwell Beto Runs For Governor Biden Accomplishments Black Panther At Rest Freed Journalist Muppet History Cuba Backlash Steve Irwin Memories Trans Awareness Week Leahy Retirement Chitlins Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Staying on track with your fitness routine and getting the right amount of sleep and nutrition while you are traveling can be a challenge. Tune in to today's episode and find out how one of Charlie's current clients, Brian Miranda, was able to juggle how to eat right, get enough sleep, and work out in the course of moving from one country to another. Pick up on some of the things that have helped Brian improve his fitness and nutrition routine since he has joined Charlie's program. Plus, find out what that one thing that surprised Brian the most from the program.“It's a learning process. The biggest thing is that you learn about yourself, what you can do, and what you can accomplish.”- Brian MirandaIn this episode:Brian's hesitations when he started with the programDifferent aspects that the program has helped Brian withOne of the quick wins he got since he joinedHow much do you want to invest in yourself?Resources:Men's Program Shreddin8 - www.shreddin8.comSculpting8 - https://sculptin8.com/welcomeCJ Shredding Squad FB Group - https://www.facebook.com/groups/cjoachingFREE Abs Training Course - https://cj8weekshred.com/freeabguideBook Your FREE Six Pack Strategy Call HereClick here to join our exclusive Facebook Community – https://cjcoachingcommunity.com/Download your free copy of our Abs Black book here – http://freeabsguide.com/black-bookConnect with Charlie Johnson:Website - https://www.charliejohnsonfitness.com/Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/CharlieJohnsonFitness/Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/charliejohnsonfitnessYouTube - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCh_TVSETtwjxuAvn-AOqifQ See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
The next episode features one of Charlie's clients, who has been with him for two years now, Brian Miranda. Learn how Brian crushes his workouts and maintains his diet while traveling around the world, from Indonesia to Afghanistan to Australia. Hear about how he is getting results and has transformed not only his physique but also his life. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
In this week's IELTS Writing Task 2 episode we're brainstorming ideas and writing an advantage/disadvantage essay. - Introduction: Some people have speculated that in the near future some modes of transport will be automated. Although there could be certain dangers connected to unemployment and flexibility, I tend to believe that there are more benefits. P1: Foremost amongst these advantages is the likelihood that less time would be spent on driver training. If driving is computerised there will be less need to learn how to drive, so more time could be spent on more productive activities such as work. Related to this idea of efficient time use, less time will also be spent on reading maps and programming GPS for human use. Once cars, busses, and trucks have become driverless, people will be less distracted by having to read maps which could reduce traffic congestion and some road accidents. Similarly, driverless vehicles do not require sleep, so the chances of accidents related to the drivers falling asleep while driving could be minimised. P2: However, there could be certain risks connected to vehicles operated without a driver. In the case of driverless busses and lorries, people who used to drive such vehicles will be made redundant which could contribute to high levels of unemployment. Though this may be a problem in the short term, in the long term it may be possible for jobless drivers to find a new field. For example, former drivers can become new mechanics for driverless cars, so this could address any employment deficit. Less easily addressed might be the benefits that come with having a human driver. For instance, people may be more adept at driving in certain places such as mountain ranges which may require more versatile off-road driving skills. Conclusion: To conclude, there are numerous positive aspects to the implementation of driverless vehicles including greater efficiency and safety. While these advantages may have drawbacks connected to unemployment, there is reasonable scope to address them. - Get the full episode where Maria and Rory go through the writing process here: https://patreon.com/ieltswfs Read the full essay with comments from Rory here: https://successwithielts.com/t2007 Maria's IELTS writing course: https://course.yourielts.net/ielts-writing-course Listen to our IELTS Speaking podcast: https://fanlink.to/ieltssfs Our social media: https://linktr.ee/successwithielts © 2021 Success with IELTS
Travelling with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi meant there was never a time for a dull moment.In this episode, Thom shares some adventures of a particular trip to Brazil, with an unexpected detour to Germany. With Maharishi, Thom soon learned that the unexpected was always to be expected. Maharishi wasn't just a passionate teacher of following ‘charm,' but he was also a 24/7 exponent of it, even at 3 am...Episode Highlights: [00:05] An Invitation From Rio for Maharishi[02:03] Drawing Restfulness Into the Working State[03:31] His Asana[04:16] Maharishi's Visit to the Roman Catholic Cathedral[06:10] "I'm Always Enjoying Myself"[07:42] "We're Going to Germany"[09:29] Neem Stick: Maharishi's Toothbrush[10:53] A Financier of Maharishi's Needs[12:11] "She Will Run All of That"[14:07] His Magnetic Charisma[15:30] Maharishi's Unplanned Lecture At The Airport[17:02] One of the Best-Documented Lives Imaginable[19:39] Maharishi Isn't a Person, He's a Phenomenon[21:35] Maharishi's Great Skill Useful Linksinfo@thomknoles.com https://thomknoles.com/https://www.instagram.com/thethomknoles/https://www.facebook.com/thethomknoleshttps://www.youtube.com/c/thomknoles https://thomknoles.com/ask-thom-anything/
Episode 336: Today on the show we discuss balancing adult fun and kid fun at Walt Disney World. It is always a challenge, especially with young kids but we have the tips for adults to have fun at each park! We go though each park and give our recommendations for what we as adults love […] The post Balancing adult fun and kid fun appeared first on Traveling With The Mouse.
In Clustered Injustice and The Level Green (Legal Action Group, 2020), Professor Luke Clements tackles the problem of the way in which "our legal system generates and exacerbates disadvantage." Examining the interconnectedness of disadvantage faced by many minorities - such as people who are homeless, Roma, Gypsies and Travelling people, disabled people, those within the criminal justice system, people who are chronically poor and more - he makes an argument that law segregates individuals' problems into isolated incidences, but rather than solving problems, this segregation exacerbates disadvantage. Injustice is clustered, it is interconnected and law, policy and bureaucracies' failure to recognise this keeps people in positions of relative disadvantage and limits their opportunities to flourish in their own conception of the good life. However, it is not all bad news. building on a wealth of professional experience and theoretical insight, Luke offers a roadmap for reform. He seeks to imagine a better system which would be better not just for those who face disadvantage, but for all members of the community. Luke is the Cerebra Professor of Law and Social Justice at the School of Law, Leeds University. He practised as a solicitor between 1981 and 2021 and in that capacity had conduct of a number of cases before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights. In 1996 he was the solicitor who took the first Roma case to reach the Strasbourg Court Buckley v. UK (1996) Jane Richards is a doctoral student at the University of Hong Kong. You can find her on twitter where she follows all things related to human rights and Hong Kong politics @JaneRichardsHK Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/new-books-network
In Clustered Injustice and The Level Green (Legal Action Group, 2020), Professor Luke Clements tackles the problem of the way in which "our legal system generates and exacerbates disadvantage." Examining the interconnectedness of disadvantage faced by many minorities - such as people who are homeless, Roma, Gypsies and Travelling people, disabled people, those within the criminal justice system, people who are chronically poor and more - he makes an argument that law segregates individuals' problems into isolated incidences, but rather than solving problems, this segregation exacerbates disadvantage. Injustice is clustered, it is interconnected and law, policy and bureaucracies' failure to recognise this keeps people in positions of relative disadvantage and limits their opportunities to flourish in their own conception of the good life. However, it is not all bad news. building on a wealth of professional experience and theoretical insight, Luke offers a roadmap for reform. He seeks to imagine a better system which would be better not just for those who face disadvantage, but for all members of the community. Luke is the Cerebra Professor of Law and Social Justice at the School of Law, Leeds University. He practised as a solicitor between 1981 and 2021 and in that capacity had conduct of a number of cases before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights. In 1996 he was the solicitor who took the first Roma case to reach the Strasbourg Court Buckley v. UK (1996) Jane Richards is a doctoral student at the University of Hong Kong. You can find her on twitter where she follows all things related to human rights and Hong Kong politics @JaneRichardsHK Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/law
In Clustered Injustice and The Level Green (Legal Action Group, 2020), Professor Luke Clements tackles the problem of the way in which "our legal system generates and exacerbates disadvantage." Examining the interconnectedness of disadvantage faced by many minorities - such as people who are homeless, Roma, Gypsies and Travelling people, disabled people, those within the criminal justice system, people who are chronically poor and more - he makes an argument that law segregates individuals' problems into isolated incidences, but rather than solving problems, this segregation exacerbates disadvantage. Injustice is clustered, it is interconnected and law, policy and bureaucracies' failure to recognise this keeps people in positions of relative disadvantage and limits their opportunities to flourish in their own conception of the good life. However, it is not all bad news. building on a wealth of professional experience and theoretical insight, Luke offers a roadmap for reform. He seeks to imagine a better system which would be better not just for those who face disadvantage, but for all members of the community. Luke is the Cerebra Professor of Law and Social Justice at the School of Law, Leeds University. He practised as a solicitor between 1981 and 2021 and in that capacity had conduct of a number of cases before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights. In 1996 he was the solicitor who took the first Roma case to reach the Strasbourg Court Buckley v. UK (1996) Jane Richards is a doctoral student at the University of Hong Kong. You can find her on twitter where she follows all things related to human rights and Hong Kong politics @JaneRichardsHK Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices Support our show by becoming a premium member! https://newbooksnetwork.supportingcast.fm/sociology
Episode 335: We are back this week with another stellar episode! We discuss what we like about the being Annual Passholders at Walt Disney World. Jason is excited after booking his second Disney cruise so we talk about Disney Cruise line and what we can expect while sailing during the times that we are in. […] The post We are Back! appeared first on Traveling With The Mouse.
Đường bay quốc tế đến và đi từ Úc đã mở có điều kiện, nhưng người Việt tại Úc muốn về Việt Nam lúc này vẫn phải chuẩn bị một số thủ tục nghiêm ngặt, không đơn giản là mua vé máy bay mắc tiền và tiêm đủ vắc-xin.
Everyday topics in everyday English with no script and no editing! Let's go! 日本語で色んなトピックについて話すチャンネル：https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsWFpVJ3CUdUt3u8fxQVxbQ Check out my Youtube channel: www.youtube.com/channel/UCI2xkI6T7R_ZPt6i4kB0Jkw Support this podcast and listen to bonus episodes: www.patreon.com/easynaturalenglish Buy me a coffee: https://www.buymeacoffee.com/englishwithliam Take a lesson with me: https://go.italki.com/TeacherLiam
Oh my friend, what a world we travel through. Where once you are outside of the bell curve you have to fight so much harder. It is what it is, and in some ways will always be, but know this - you are NOT alone. There is NO shame in any assistance you need. Needing accommodations does not diminish you or your worth in ANY way… and there are resources to help you. Search for them. Ask others with similar journeys what they have done or used that has helped them.
This is another fun episode for you guys. We hit all kinds of weird places. Ken even took off his shoe to force us to rate his feet. Whiskey Time features Smoke Wagon Bourbon straight out of Nevada. Proof: 92.5% Alc/Vol 46 Average Rating 8.6
Jennifer is an accomplished senior proposal coordinator at Avtex Solutions, LLC a TTEC Digital Company, who is well versed in writing and editing responses. She's been working on technical proposals for 5+ years. She achieved Foundation Certification from APMP in 2021 and recently received the 2020 Top Sales Enabler Award for her work in helping to generate sales through RFPs at Avtex. Got her B.A. from Indiana University, Bloomington with a major in journalism and a minor in business. Jennifer holds a love for movies and reading. She has been part of a reading club for 13 years which hosts amazing parties for its members. Jenifer follows a hobby of hiking and is also an avid traveller who is constantly planning her upcoming trips.
Nếu bạn có gia đình và bạn bè xuyên tiểu bang, bạn có thể hy vọng được đoàn tụ vào Giáng sinh năm nay - nhưng kỳ nghỉ lễ này có thể sẽ tốn kém nhiều hơn bạn nghĩ, thậm chí phát sinh thêm hàng ngàn đô la vì các quy định du lịch thời COVID.
In keeping with spooky season, Theo discusses a British cryptid supposedly hanging around Cornwall. How is it there and what did it do? Listen to find out. Rachael explores a infamous grisly case which would make anyone concerned about living in an isolated area. Travelling to Bavaria, Rachael discusses Hinterkaifeck. As always, we finish with a dumb criminal. If you like Spree, please consider giving a 5 star review and follow us on social media. Twitter: @SpreePodcast.@TheGingerBolt. @RL_Reynolds. Patreon: patreon.com/SpreePodcast Instragram: spreepodcast
"At that moment, as in a dream, I heard the strains of the "Lord's Prayer", played as though by thousands of violins. As I crouched in the chair fresh tears poured from my eyes. My heart was filled with humility, contrition and with gratitude—gratitude that these Great Ones had even considered our miserable selfish existence.Above the exquisite strains of melody, the voice said: "Beloved friend of Earth, we baptize you now in the true light of the worlds eternal."A blinding white beam flashed from the dome of the craft. Momentarily I seemed partially to lose consciousness. Everything expanded into a great shimmering white light. I seemed to be projected beyond Time and Space and was conscious only of light, Light, LIGHT! Orfeo, Earth, the past were as nothing, a dark dream of a moment. And that dream unfolded before my eyes in swift panorama. Every event of my life upon Earth was crystal clearto me—and then memory of all of my previous lives upon Earth returned. IN THAT SUBLIME MOMENT I KNEW THE MYSTERY OF LIFE! Also, I realized with a terrible certainty that we are all—each one of us—TRAPPED IN ETERNITY and ALLOTTED ONLY ONE BRIEF AWARENESS AT A TIME! I am dying, I thought. I have been through this death before in other earthly lives. This is death! Only now I am in ETERNITY, WITHOUT BEGINNING AND WITHOUT END. Then slowly everything resolved into radiant light, peace and indescribable beauty. Free of all falsity of mortality I drifted in a timeless sea of bliss. At last, as from a vivid dream, I regained consciousness." Orfeo Angelucci Here we get a first hand account of a ufo encounter written about in the 1950s. This is interesting because we get one of the first mentions of Maldek as discussed in the law of one. This is one of the best contactee accounts of the 1950s. Mr. Angelucci's Secret of the Saucers is a memoir of a more innocent time, and a tale of spiritual growth. It was edited by Ray Palmer, the gray eminence behind FATE magazine, the publisher of the first flying saucer accounts. The well-named 'Orfeo' (see Orpheus and his journey into the underworld) was a regular guy, a swing-shift line worker at a Lockheed factory in southern California. On Friday, May 23, 1952, by this account, he was strangely drawn to a remote location in Griffith Park; actually not a bad place to land a UFO in Los Angeles. He was contacted by an alien entity named 'Neptune.' Later he is taken aboard a spaceship, gets to visit their paradisiacal home planet by exchanging bodies with Neptune, meets Jesus, and gets to see the end of the world. While this may not be true it is quite fun to read. Elkins mentions this as an inspiration for the ll research and it gives us a background into the law of ones origins.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Alternate Universe Reality Activation get full access to new meditations, new lectures, recordings from the reality con and the 90 day AURA meditation schedulehttps://realityrevolutionlive.com/aura45338118 BUY MY BOOK! https://www.amazon.com/Reality-Revolution-Mind-Blowing-Movement-Hack/dp/154450618X/ Listen my book on audible https://www.audible.com/pd/The-Reality-Revolution-Audiobook/B087LV1R5V Music By Mettaverseinner worldssolsticeinto the omniversenocturnejourney through the multiversefield of onenesslight quotienttravel lightdream flowbloomwhen all else fades ➤ Listen on Soundcloud: http://bit.ly/2KjGlLI ➤ Follow them on Instagram: http://bit.ly/2JW8BU2 ➤ Subscribe to their channel here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyvjffON2NoUvX5q_TgvVkw All My Anthony Norvell Episodes - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKv1KCSKwOo_XHLvIXgYWWKbweUfzocyZ All My Neville Goddard Videos In One Playlist - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKv1KCSKwOo8kBZsJpp3xvkRwhbXuhg0M All my videos about Dr. Joseph Murphy - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKv1KCSKwOo_OtBhXg2s85UuZBT-OihF_ For all episodes of the Reality Revolution – https://www.therealityrevolution.com Like us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/The-Reality-Revolution-Podcast-Hosted-By-Brian-Scott-102555575116999 Join our facebook group The Reality Revolution https://www.facebook.com/groups/523814491927119 Subscribe to my Youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOgXHr5S3oF0qetPfqxJfSw Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org #newearth #orfeoangelucci #UFO #imagination #totalhumanoptimization
Founder of the Sienna Charles Luxury Company, Jaclyn Sienna India joined Sean on the show to discuss luxurious holidays... Listen and subscribe to Moncrieff on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts or Spotify. Download, listen and subscribe on the Newstalk App. You can also listen to Newstalk live on newstalk.com or on Alexa, by adding the Newstalk skill and asking: 'Alexa, play Newstalk'.
Welcome Back to the Health Care High Wire Cybersecurity Month podcast series. You won't want to miss todays episode where Laura Franco, Sean Williams and Bryce Williams discuss best Cybersecurity practices while Travelling! We hope you enjoy this episode. Don't forget to Like, Share and Comment!!
This episode is the story of my visit to Orlando Florida, where I attended the Tom Woods Show 2000th episode live event. I owe pretty much my entire "career" as an entrepreneur to one person, and that would be the inimitable Tom Woods, of the Tom Woods Show. No one has done more to push me through this journey than Tom, and he really didn't even know about me until a few years ago! I began listening to Tom's show almost 10 years ago, after hearing him speak through the Mises University program. I knew about the many problems caused by government, but I was still working through how to apply the principles of liberty in my own life. Tom promoted the Low Hanging system in 2017, and I joined that training, forever setting me on this path to the point today where I teach the program as the lead person, and I work full time as an entrepreneur and coach! This event was one of the most memorable things I've ever done, and the 10 days I spent travelling and working in the US were unforgettable. I'm now basically addicted to travel, so now I have to start planning my next trip! Please enjoy my stories from the road, and hopefully someday, I will be able to plan a live event for the many listeners I have who know me, but whom I have never met myself.
This episode is a little special, I recorded it while travelling in the US for 10 days, so the audio quality might be a bit worse than normal. I was honored to be the host and one of the speakers for an in person event in Las Vegas, and it was an amazing time, on both a personal level, and as an entrepreneur and coach! In today's episode I share some of my insights from the conference, as well as some thoughts on being in Las Vegas. Part two of this series is going to be released tomorrow, so don't miss that episode either, where you'll hear about my time seeing Tom Woods and thousands of other Libertarians at the 2000th Episode of the Tom Woods show in Orlando Florida!
Cat (@CatBeschVN) founded and leads Vietnam Animal Aid & Rescue. She is also a writer & activist addressing many non-human animal issues. In Sentientist Conversations we talk about the two most important questions: “what's real?” & “what matters?” Sentientism is "evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings." The video of our conversation is here on YouTube. We discuss: 0:00 Welcome 1:10 Cat's Intro - Founding Vietnam Animal Aid & Rescue - Growing up in Virginia, USA - Studying International Relations in Washington DC - A political/military family 3:10 What's Real? - Growing up as a liberal Lutheran with very religious parents - The church as social fabric - Figuring out that "I just don't really believe in any of that crap" - High school & Baptist society in Alabama - The church seeing all sex as shameful... "holding virginity in such high esteem" - Feminism & Islam. "Headscarves & Hymens" by Mona Eltahawy. - "The way the institutions look at sex & sexuality just makes you want to put your fist through a wall" - "A whole bunch of girls that think they're going to hell" - That was the turning point. Everything started to crumble - Not picking at the church too hard as it was the social fabric. "Life is hard enough at 16." I left it silently on my own - The hypocrisy of religious compassion & judgementalism - Atheists & agnostics are not immoral people - "I attended church... I took communion... my sins are flushed... now I can go back to being a dickhead" - Religious compassion is often conditional & constrained - The immorality of even "moderate" religious worldviews (e.g. hell, sexism, homophobia) - "Women are not emotionally stable enough to be leaders in the Catholic church"! - "I found it oppressive." Leaving the church was a moment of liberation - Travelling & living in many religious cultures - Starting the "Let's not be an asshole" religion - Being wrong. "I used to hate vegans", now I'm "on the side of all sentient beings" - Everybody has a chance to change - "I just don't know" as a strong naturalistic stance 25:09 What (& Who) Matters? - An early empathy for animals "they were my best friends", but living in an environment where killing sentient beings was normal - I never met a vegan in the horse riding world - "I love what you do for me" isn't love - Being angry at our previous selves for not seeing - Thinking all vegans must be "dirty hippies" - Meeting first vegans hosting couch-surfers in Mongolia - Being challenged "You love animals but who are you eating?" ...and much more. Full show notes at Sentientism.info and on YouTube. Sentientism is “Evidence, reason & compassion for all sentient beings.” More at Sentientism.info. Join our "I'm a Sentientist" wall via this simple form. Everyone, Sentientist or not, is welcome in our groups. The biggest so far is here on FaceBook. Thanks for the post-prod Graham.
John established O'Donnell+Tuomey with Sheila O'Donnell in 1988. The son of a civil engineer, he grew up on building sites, learning to draw on the back of his father's blueprints. In this episode, your host, Elizabeth McIntyre and special guest, John Tuomey, have an engaging conversation which covers topics such as; The influence of having an engineer as a father; Moving for his fathers' job and how this shaped his sense of space; Travelling in London and Paris; The story behind his first job with John Sterling; Working with his partner in work and life; Teaching architecture at UCD; The use of brick in architecture, and John's appreciation of it; and much more... This episode and many others can be found on all major platforms, Apple Podcasts, Spotify, and Google Podcasts. If you enjoyed this episode, don't forget to Rate & Subscribe to our podcast to never miss out a new episode. You can also let us know who you want to hear next and what topics we should talk about by leaving us a Review on Apple Podcasts. Mentioned in this episode: London School of Economics Building O'Donnell Tuomey Dublin Ireland Architectural Design Magazine Le Corbusier John Sterling Think Brick Awards Social & Links Follow @ThinkBrickAustralia on Instagram, LinkedIn, and Facebook Follow @odonnell_tuomey on Instagram
Episode: 334 Well, it happened. Disney Genie is now officially a thing. We got a chance to play around with it and listened to a lot of first hand experience with the new service. We give our honest opinions of the service. We also go through each park and give a thumbs up or down […] The post The Genie has a new master appeared first on Traveling With The Mouse.
Friend and writer Gilli Nissim (The Other Two, A.P Bio) joins Nicole to discuss breaking up in the middle of the pandemic, her experience speed dating over Zoom, and traveling abroad for hookups. Nicole wishes that she can go on Birthright. Black Lives Matter. Click here for a list of over 100 different ways you can support racial justice.Follow Nicole Byer: Tour Dates: linktr.ee/nicolebyerwastakenTwitter: @nicolebyerInstagram: @nicolebyerNew Merch Store! podswag.com/datemeNicole's book: indiebound.org/book/9781524850746
In this podcast Cassandra Khaw talks about Nothing But Blackened Teeth, The All-Consuming World, travelling around the world, and much more. About Cassandra Khaw Cassandra Khaw is an award-winning game writer, whose fiction work has been nominated for several awards. You can find their fiction in places like F&SF, Year's Best of Science Fiction and … Continue reading
Doctor, businessman and mentor Emil speaks about his own life journey, and what he's learned that could help you improve yours.Adverts in The Bodcast are automated and we aren't responsible for any of the content that you may hear.Don't forget to like, subscribe, rate and review the Bodcast. It helps others find the podcast more easily!
In this episode of the Spiritual Entrepreneur, we share our adventures on our ongoing Northeast Fall Foliage road trip. We open ourselves to possibilities and let the divine take over and let serendipitous events happen to make our RV trip even more amazing! Plus pumpkin spice, autumn colors, and pumpkin muffins this week! What you will learn in this episode: How on the road synchronicity takes place Serendipitous accident stories RV trip tips and tricks A sneak peek at the episode: [02:57] “We don't have a great plan of where we're going to be and when we're going to be there, but we try to let things come to us and open ourselves to the possibilities.” [10:13] “Pretty epic and extraordinary like synchronous events that come from really living in this space of the unknown.” [36:11] “If we do get out of alignment, like when you're traveling sometimes and stuff falls apart.” PS -The Spiritual Entrepreneur Playground is opening. If you are like me wanting to leverage your spiritual consciousness as an entrepreneur please join us at deviadea.com/sewaitlist. We'd love to have you join us in that community. To get weekly updates and the latest episodes, follow me on Instagram @deviadea.
TTB 160: The Guide to Exploring Morocco Eva Westerling, together with her partner Hassan, runs an agency offering once-in-a-lifetime hiking tours in the Moroccan desert and organizing the logistics for various excursions and tours. After a few desert hiking trips in Morocco and Oman her love for the desert is strong and she loves sharing this passion with fellow travelers. After living and travelling around Morocco for more than 2 years, she knows the country well and her Moroccan partner grew up in the desert. Together they have the local knowledge as well as the organizational skills to put together these memorable experiences. In a former life Eva was a Radiologist and Global Healthcare Consultant who quit her corporate job in 2019 after a month-long holiday in Morocco including a 16 days hiking trip in the Sahara. The plan was to travel indefinitely, but it soon became clear that she wanted to base herself in Morocco. This is also where she spent the major part of the pandemic. Travel is her biggest passion, and she has been to 41 countries, many of them multiple times. She also writes a travel blog focusing on Morocco and the Middle East. Learn More About Our Guest: https://berberadventuretours.com/ (https://berberadventuretours.com/) https://berberadventuretours.com/en/group-tours/ (https://berberadventuretours.com/en/group-tours/) Insta https://www.instagram.com/berber_adventure_tours/ (@berber_adventure_tours) Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/berberadventuretours/photos/?tab=album&album_id=107478814086042 (@berberadventuretours) https://notscaredofthejetlag.com/travel-guide-morocco/ (https://notscaredofthejetlag.com/travel-guide-morocco/) The Travelers Blueprint is more than just a podcast with consulting services that allow you to Become Your Own Travel Agent! Take a moment to rate us! Screenshot your review, email us the screenshot with your name and address and we will send you a FREE travel sticker! TheTravelersBlueprint@gmail.com FREE Travel Cheat Sheet! Just sign up for all the latest TTB news and guest information at http://email@example.com (www.thetravelersblueprint.com) For Travel Consulting Services w/ Bob: https://thetravelersblueprint.com/travel-consulting (https://thetravelersblueprint.com/travel-consulting) Our Private Community on Facebook is a great way to have your travel questions be heard and speak directly to us. Join here: https://www.facebook.com/groups/260677938112800 (The Travelers Blueprint Community) For less than a cup of coffee you can be a major supporter of our time and efforts in producing this podcast. Please consider becoming a Patron by signing up here: https://www.patreon.com/join/thetravelersblueprint (https://www.patreon.com/join/thetravelersblueprint) Follow Us on Social Media: https://www.instagram.com/the_travelers_blueprint/ (Instagram) - https://www.facebook.com/TheTravelersBlueprint18/ (Facebook) - https://twitter.com/ttblueprint?lang=en (Twitter) - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCyB8gPEriEPYP92Q1DHHkbg (YouTube) This podcast uses the following third-party services for analysis: Podcorn - https://podcorn.com/privacy Chartable - https://chartable.com/privacy Support this podcast
#Salah #Mane #Firmino SALAH ... The Best..... He really is isnt he? Running out of superlatives. Gav, Keith Plunkett, Grizz and Keith Cross bring you a detailed review of how Mo Salah, Firmino, Mane and the mighty reds tore Watford apart at Vicarage Road in the Premier League. It was a mauling! Our NEW MERCH is available at our online store at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKX2COch01WLOK2ykJD11nA/store SELLING OUT ANFIELD FOR SIENNA!! Tickets are €1 and you can buy as many as you like! https://www.lfcdt.com/product-page/siennaanfield Support our Sienna Steps Campaign …. Her story and donation link are here https://lfcdt.com/sienna Every 1000 subs we achieve we will donate €100 to the Sienna Fund! Subscribe, Like, Hit the bell icon and never miss another show from the worlds biggest, 100% free LFC Podcast. ** All views on the show are those of the individual and do not represent those of the LFC Daytrippers ** Discord http://discord.gg/QvH6tzu4tq Spotify https://spoti.fi/3f8PVPG Apple pods https://apple.co/3cchQvY Youtube https://www.youtube.com/user/TheLFCDaytrippers Instagram https://www.instagram.com/lfcdaytrippers/ Don't forget to subscribe or follow, leave reviews if possible and turn notifications on!!! SALAH ... The Best,salah the best,is mo salah the best player in the world,is salah the best winger,Watford 0 Liverpool 5,Firmino Hat Trick,Travelling kop,Mane Goal,Liverpool hit 5,Premier league reaction,mo salah wonder goal,premier league goals reaction,mane goal vs watford,liverpool vs watford 5-0,firmino hat trick liverpool,mo salah wonder goal against watford,liverpool podcast,liverpool channel,lfc daytrippers LFC - Liverpool FC - YNWA - LFC Family - Premier League - EPL - Klopp - Transfer News - Redmen News and Chat - Match Preview - Live Updates - Match Predictions - Match Reaction - Football - Soccer - Football Debate - Passion - Opinion - Laughter - Free Content - Competitions - Giveaways - Podcast - Unfiltered - LFC Daytrippers - Champions League - Football Daily - Euro Football Daily Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
In this episode of the Spiritual Entrepreneur, my husband and I share the things we are enjoying and learning throughout our RV trip. Together with our 3 cats— Bart, Nugget, and Juniper we've been through all sorts of different states and states of consciousness as we've traveled. What you will learn in this episode: Our RV trip stops and routes RV trip tricks-- toll booths, parking ideas, styles of RV, and more Travel stories from the road A sneak peek at the episode: [1:00] “We started in Germantown where we picked up the RV in Maryland and then swung by home in DC and then hit the highway and went up to Delaware.” [23:28] “You can get coffee and have breakfast in the RV with the cats, and they're eating their food and you're having yours wherever you want to be with the windows open. It's like having a really nice window view of whatever natural place you're in this. Fantastic!” [36:11] “But I enjoy that kind of thing. And that's why we're very spontaneous, which serves us both really well. If you're traveling with someone, another trick is to travel with someone with similar values to you, because it's way easier.” PS - The Spiritual Entrepreneur Playground is open. If you are interested in getting more information about that, you can go to deviadea.com/sewaitlist. We'd love to have you join us in that community. To get weekly updates and the latest episodes, follow me on Instagram @deviadea.
The Mongols were famous for their ultimatums of destruction and submission. No shortage of thirteenth century states received demands for their unconditional surrender to the Great Khan granted divine mandate to rule by Eternal Blue Heaven. Initially, the Mongol imperial ideology was extremely black and white: you could submit to Mongol rule, or face total annihilation. There was no room for other relationships, for the Great Khan had no allies, only subjects. But as the thirteenth century went on and the dream of Chinggisid world hegemony slipped away as the divisions of the Mongol Empire went their separate ways, the Mongol Khans in the west began to seek not the capitulation, but the cooperation of western Europe to aid in their wars against Mamluks. For the Ilkhanate's sixty-year struggle against the Mamluk Sultanate, the Il-Khans sought to bring the Popes and Monarchs of Europe to a new crusade to assist in the defeat of the Mamluks, an ultimately fruitless endeavour, and the topic of today's episode. I'm your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. The first Mongol messages to the Kings of Europe came in the late 1230s and 40s, accompanying Batu and Sube'edei's western invasion, asking the Hungarians how they possibly could hope to flee the grasp of the Mongols. We know the Mongols sent a number of envoys to European monarchs and dukes, and employed a variety of peoples in this enterprise, including at least one Englishman. Over the 1240s and 50s, European envoys like John de Plano Carpini or William of Rubrucks to the Mongol Empire returned from Karakorum with orders for the Kings and Popes to come to Mongolia and submit in person.While Rus' and Armenian lords and kings did do so, there is little indication that European rulers even responded to these demands. For the Mongols, who seemed poised to dominate everything under the Eternal Blue Sky, there was little reason to adopt more conciliatory language. From their point of view, the Europeans were only stalling the inevitable: soon Mongol hoofbeats would certainly be heard in Paris and Rome. The Mongols treated the European states as their diplomatic inferiors, subjects basically in a state of rebellion by fact that they had not already submitted. Cruel, threatening and demanding letters were the norm, and it's safe to say any future efforts at alliance were greatly hampered by this opening salvo. The rare diplomatic exception was an embassy sent to King Louis IX of France during his stay in Cyprus in 1248 just before the 7th Crusade. There, messengers came from the Mongol commander in the west, Eljigidei, an ally to the reigning Great Khan, Guyuk. Headed by two Christians in Eljigidei's service, the embassy bore letters from Eljigidei. These letters called Louis ‘son,' and had no demand of submission, but mentioned Mongol favouritism to Christians, urged the French King not to discriminate between Latin and non-Latin Christians as all were equal under Mongol law, and wished him well in his crusade. The two Christian representatives of Eljigidei asserted that he was a Christian and that Guyuk himself had already been baptised. The urged Louis to attack Egypt, and prevent its Ayyubid prince from sending forces to aid the Caliph in Baghdad, who the Mongols were soon to attack. Louis, is should be noted, almost certainly had not been anticipating any cooperation from the Mongols; he had been well aware of their attacks on Hungary only a few years before, learned of Mongol demands and treatment of foreign powers from travellers like Carpini, and apparently received Mongol ultimatums for his submission in 1247. Further, a devout Christian, it is unlikely he would have gone looking for allies among “pagans,” even for fighting against Muslims. Still, he reacted well to Eljigidei's messengers and sent a return embassy with gifts with them back to Eljigidei which were to be sent on to Guyuk, while the initial letter was forwarded back to France and ultimately to King Henry III of England. Ultimately, it was for naught. Guyuk was dead even before Louis received Eljigidei's letter, and Eljigidei himself was soon put to death in the following political turmoil. Little is known of the embassy Louis sent back with Eljigdei's representatives, but from the little heard of it through William of Rubruck a few years later, it seems to have achieved nothing beyond meeting Guyuk's widow and the regent, Oghul Qaimish, who portrayed Louis' gifts as tokens of the French King's submission. Following the meeting on Cypress, Louis IX suffered a humiliating defeat in Egypt at Mansura, captured and was ransomed by the newly emerging Mamluks. By the time he returned to France and received Oghul Qaimish's reply, not only was she dead, but the responding letter was essentially another demand for his surrender. This first non-threatening Mongol embassy succeeded only in making the King of France feel like he had been tricked, especially since the new Great Khan, Mongke, sent a letter back with William of Rubruck that disavowed Eljigidei's embassy. It has been speculated that Eljigidei was using the embassy to spy on Louis, as he was wary of the sudden arrival of Louis' army in Cyprus, and a desire to find out his military intentions, rather than any genuine interest in cooperation at this point. His hope may have been to ensure that this new army attacked Mongol enemies, rather than get in the way of the Mongols. The halting of the Mongol advance at Ayn Jalut by the Mamluks, and fracturing of the Empire into independent Khanates after Great Khan Mongke's death left the new Ilkhanate in a precarious position. Surrounded by enemies on all sides, the only direction they could expand not at the expense of fellow Mongols was against the Mamluks, who fortified their shared border with the Ilkhans. Even a small raid could trigger the arrival of the full Mamluk army, a dangerous prospect against such deadly warriors. Yet the Ilkhans could not bring their full might to bear on the shared border with the Mamluks in Syria, as it would leave their other borders open to attacks from the Golden Horde, Chagatais or Neguderis, in addition to the trouble of provisioning an army in the tough, hot and dry conditions of the Levantine coastline, a route the Mamluks secured and fortified. Opening a new front against the Mamluks was necessary, and there were already convenient beachheads established in the form of the remaining Crusader States. A shadow of their former selves, the Crusader states were represented by a few major coastal holdings like Antioch, Tripoli, and Acre, and inland fortifications like Krak de Chevaliers and Montfort, as well as the Kingdom of Cyprus, whose ruler, Hugh III of Cyprus, took the title King of Jerusalem in 1268. The Crusader States had shown neutrality to the Mongols, or even joined them such as the County of Tripoli did in 1260 after the Mongols entered Syria. In early 1260, the papal legate at Acre sent an embassy to Hulegu, most likely to discourage him from attacking the Crusader holdings. Along with information from the Kings of Armenian Cilicia, their most important regional vassals, the Mongols would have had a vague knowledge of western Europe and their crusading history. The Ilkhanate's founder, Hulegu, sent the first letter to the west in 1262, intended once more for King Louis IX, though this embassy was turned back in Sicily. This letter was friendlier terms than most Mongol missives, but still contained threats, if rather subdued. Pope Urban IV may have learned of the attempt, and the next year sent a letter to Hulegu, apparently having been told that the Il-Khan had become a Christian. Delighted at the idea, the Pope informed Hulegu that if he was baptised, he would receive aid from the west. In reality, Hulegu never converted to Christianity, and died in 1265 without sending any more letters. His son and successor, Abaqa, was the Il-Khan most dedicated to establishing a Franco-Mongol alliance and came the closest to doing so. Due to conflict on his distant borders with the Golden Horde and Chagatayids, as well as the troubles of consolidating power as new monarch in a new realm, for the 1260s he was unable to commit forces to the Mamluk frontier. As a good Mongol, Abaqa was unwilling to allow the enemy total respite, and made it his mission to encourage an attack from the west on the Mamluks. His first embassy was sent in 1266, shortly after becoming Il-Khan, contacting the Byzantines, Pope Clement IV and King James I of Aragon, hoping for a united Christian front to combine efforts with the Mongols against the Mamluks, inquiring which route into Palestine the Christian forces would take. The responses were generally positive, Pope Clement replying that as soon as he knew which route, he would inform Abaqa. Abaqa sent a message again in 1268, inquiring about this progress. James of Aragon found himself the most motivated by the Il-Khans requests, encouraged by the promises of Abaqa's logistical and military support once they reached the mainland. James made his preparations, and launched a fleet in September 1269. An unexpected storm scattered the fleet, and only two of James' bastard children made it to Acre, who stayed only briefly, accomplishing little there. Not long after, King Louis IX set out for Crusade once more, making the inexplicable choice to land in Tunis in 1270. Despite his well planned efforts, the Crusade was an utter disaster, and Louis died of dysentery outside the walls of Tunis in August 1270. Prince Edward of England with his army landed in Tunis shortly before the evacuation of the crusaders, and disgusted by what he saw, set his fleet for the Holy Land, landing at Acre in May 1271, joined by Hugh of Lusignan, King of Cyprus. Edward's timing was good, as Abaqa had returned from a great victory over the Chagatai Khan Baraq at Herat in July 1270, though had suffered a major hunting accident that November. The Mamluk Sultan Baybars was campaigning in Syria in spring 1271, the famous Krak des Chevaliers falling to him that April. Tripoli would have fallen next, had Baybars not retreated back to Damascus hearing of the sudden arrival of a Crusader fleet, and was wary of being caught between European heavy cavalry and Mongol horse archers. Soon after landing Edward made his preparations for an offensive, and reached out to Abaqa. Abaqa was delighted, and sent a reply and orders for Samaghar, the Mongol commander in Anatolia, to head to Syria. Edward did not wait for Abaqa's reply, and there is no indication he ever responded to Abaqa's letter. He set out in mid-July, ensuring his army suffered the most from the summer heat, while missing the Mongols who preferred to campaign in the winter. Suffering high casualties and accomplishing little, he withdrew back to Acre. In mid-October Samaghar arrived with his army, raiding as far as to the west of Aleppo while an elite force of Mongols scouted ahead, routing a large group of Turkmen between Antioch and Harim, but was soon forced to retreat with the advance of the Mamluk army under Baybars. Missing Samagahr by only a few weeks, in November Edward marched south from Acre at the head of a column of men from England, Acre, Cyprus, with Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights. They ambushed some Turkmen on the Sharon plain, forced the local Mamluk governor to withdraw, but with the arrival of large Mamluk reinforcements the Crusaders fled, losing their prisoners and booty. That was the closest the Mongols and the Franks came to proper coordination. Edward helped oversee a peace treaty between the Mamluks and the Kingdom of Jersualem, but the heat, difficulties campaigning, political infighting and an assassination attempt on his life permanently turned him off of crusading. By September 1272, Edward set sail for England. A few weeks after his departure the Mongols again invaded, besieging al-Bira but were defeated by the Mamluks in December. Edward's brief effort in Syria demonstrated the difficulties prefacing any Mongol-Frankish cooperation. The Mamluks were a cohesive, unified force, well accustomed to the environment and working from a well supplied logistic system and intelligence network, while the Franks and Mongols were unable to ever develop a proper timetable for operations together. The European arrivals generally had unrealistic goals for their campaigns, bringing neither the men, resources or experience to make an impact. Abaqa continued to organize further efforts, and found many willing ears at the Second Council of Lyons in France in 1274, a meeting of the great powers of Christendom intended to settle doctrinal issues, the division of the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, and plan the reconquest of the Holy land. Abaqa's delegation informed the Council that the Il-Khan had secured his borders, that peace had been achieved between all the Mongols Khanates, and he could now bring his full might against the Mamluks, and urged the Christian powers to do likewise. The current Pope, Gregory X, fully supported this and made efforts to set things in motion, but his death in 1276 killed whatever momentum this process had had. Abaqa sent another round of envoys, who reached the King of France and the new King of England, Edward. The envoys brought the Il-khan's apologies for failing to cooperate properly during Edward's crusade, and asked him to return. Edward politely declined. This was the final set of envoys Abaqa sent west. Perhaps frustrated, he finally organized a proper invasion of Syria, only an army under his brother Mongke-Temur to be defeated by the Mamluks at Homs, and Abaqa himself dying soon after in 1282. His successors were to find no more luck that he had. The most interesting envoy to bring the tidings of the Il-Khan to Europe did not originate in the Ilkhanate, but in China: Rabban Bar Sawma, born in 1220 in what is now modern day Beijing, was a Turkic Nestorian priest who had set out on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem before being conscripted to act as a messenger for the Il-Khan, in a journey which is a fascinating contrast to that of his contemporary Marco Polo. Even given him his own dedicated episode in this podcast series, but we'll give here a brief recount of his journey. Writing his accounts down upon his return to Baghdad later in life, he described how he brought messages and gifts to the Byzantine Emperor Andronicos II Palaiologus, marvelled at the Hagia Sophia, then landed in Sicily and made his way to Rome, having just missed the death of Pope Honorius IV. Travelling on to France, he was warmly welcomed by King Phillip IV, and then on to Gascony where he met the campaigning King Edward of England, who again responded kindly to the Il-khan's envoy. On his return journey, he met the new Pope Nicholas IV in 1288 before returning to the Ilkhanate. Despite the generous receptions Rabban Sauma was given by the heads of Europe, and despite the Il-khan's promises to return Jerusalem to Christian hands, the reality was there was no ruler in the west interested, or capable of, going on Crusade. By now, the act of Crusading in the Holy land had lost its lustre, the final crusades almost all disasters, and costly ones at that. With the final Crusader strongholds falling to the Mamluks in the early 1290s, there was no longer even a proper beachhead on the coast for a Crusading army. The sheer distance and cost of going on Crusade, especially with numerous ongoing issues in their own Kingdoms at hand, outweighed whatever perceived benefit there might have been in doing so. Further, while Rabban Sauma personally could be well received, the Mongols themselves remained uncertain allies. From 1285 through to 1288, Golden Horde attacks on eastern Europe had recommenced in force. Even the new Khan of the Golden Horde, Tele-Buqa, had led an army into Poland. For the Europeans, the distinctions between the Mongol Khanates were hard to register; how could messages of peace from some Mongols be matched with the open war other Mongols were undertaking? All evidence seems to suggest that the western Franks did not understand that the Golden Horde and Ilkhanate were separate political entities. Recall earlier the conflicting letters Louis IX had received in the 1240s, where one Mongol general offered friendship, only to be tricked in seemingly submitting to the Mongols and then receive letters in the 1250s telling him to discount the previous envoys. Together these encouraged unease over perceiving the Mongols as allies, and served to further dampen interest to pursue these alliances. In contrast, the Mamluks had somewhat greater success in their own overseas diplomacy: in the 1260s Baybars initiated contact with the Golden Horde, ruled by the Muslim Berke Khan, encouraging him to keep up his warfare with his Ilkhanid cousins. Sultan Baybars also kept good relations with the Byzantine Empire and the Genoese, allowing him to keep the flow of Turkic slave soldiers from the steppes of the Golden Horde open, the keystone of the Mamluk military. There is also evidence they undertook some limited diplomacy with Qaidu Khan during the height of his rule over Central Asia and the Chagatayids. While the Mamluks and Golden Horde never undertook any true military cooperation, the continuation of their talks kept the Ilkhanate wary of enemies on all borders, never truly able to bring the entirety of its considerable might against one foe least another strike the Il-Khan's exposed frontiers. But, did the Golden Horde, in the 1260s, perceive this as an alliance? We only have Mamluk accounts of the relationship, but scholarship often supposes that the Golden Horde Khans perceived this as the submission of the Mamluks, and any cooperation was the cooperation between overlord and subject. As many of the Mamluk ruling class were Qipchaqs, so the Mongols had come to see as their natural slaves, it may well be that Berke saw the submission of the Mamluks as a natural part of their relationship, especially since he already ruled the Qipchaq homeland. This alliance, alongside never resulting in direct cooperation, was also never always amicable. When the Jochid Khans grew annoyed with the Mamluks, they would halt the trade of Qipchaq slaves and threaten to deprive the Mamluks of their greatest source of warriors. During the long reign of Mamluk Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad, a daughter of the Golden Horde Khan Ozbeg was wed to him, in an effort to cement the relationship after a rocky start to the 1300s. Al-Nasir soon accused her of not actually being a Chinggisid, insulting her and infuriating Ozbeg. Yet the relationship survived until the invasions of Emir Temur at the close of the fourteenth century, when the Mamluks and Golden Horde once again took part in a doomed west-Asian effort to ally against Temur. Ilkhanid-European contacts continued into the 14th century, but with somewhat less regularity after Rabban bar Sawma's journey. An archbishopric was even founded in the new Ilkhanid capital of Sultaniyya in 1318, and Papal envoys would travel through the Ilkhanate to the Yuan Dynasty in China until the 1330s. A few envoys came from the Il-Khans still hoping to achieve military cooperation; Ghazan Il-Khan continued to send them before his invasions, including the only one that actually defeated the Mamluk army and led to a brief Mongol advance down the coast, occupying Damascus. News of Ghazan's successes did spread rapidly, for the Spanish Franciscan Ramon Llull learned of it and promptly sailed all the way across the Mediterranean, hoping to be among the first missionaries to land in the newly reclaimed Holy Land. But upon arriving in Cypress, Llull learned of Ghazan's equally quick withdrawal. The combined news of a Mongol victory followed by sudden Mongol withdrawal must have only affirmed the opinion of many of the futility of taking part in any more crusades with the Mongols. Military operations against the Mamluks mostly ceased after Ghazan's death, until a formal peace was achieved between them and the Ilkhanate at the start of the 1320s. Naturally, no further messages for alliances with the powers of Europe were forth coming, and consequently putting an almost total end to European interest and contacts with the Middle East for the next five centuries. European-Mongol relations would continue for some time longer in the territory of the Golden Horde, where the attention of our podcast moves next, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals podcast for more. If you enjoyed this and would like to help us continue bringing you great content, then consider supporting us on Patreon at www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I'm your host David, and we'll catch you on the next one.