Practice of inhaling a burnt substance for psychoactive effects
This is "The Leading Voices in Food" podcast but today we're speaking with a leading voice in tobacco control. "How come," you might ask, "why?" So I believe for many years that the parallels between the tobacco industry and food industry practices are nothing short of stunning, and that our field would do very well to learn lessons learned from the pioneers in the tobacco wars. Our guest today is Dr. Kenneth Warner, Distinguished Emeritus Professor and former Dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan. Ken's research focuses on the economic and policy aspects of tobacco and health. Interview Summary So Ken, you and I have a long history, and I thought it might be instructive to mention just a little bit of it because you really helped shape some of the ways I think about addressing food policy. So I first became familiar with your work long before I met you in person, when I was teaching classes at Yale. I was assigning papers you wrote on tobacco control and I was especially interested in work that you'd done on tobacco taxes. It really gave me the idea of pushing ahead with food-related taxes. Then finally I got a chance to meet you in person at a meeting that was hosted by the first President George Bush in Kennebunkport, Maine, on cancer control. You and I got to talking about similarities between the tobacco industry behavior and the way the food industry was behaving. We were both struck by the similarities. That led us to write a paper together that was published in 2009 in "The Milbank Quarterly." And I have to say, of all the papers I've published over my career, this was one of my favorites because I really enjoyed working with you. I learned a ton from it, and it really, I thought, made some very important points. And I'd just like to mention the title of that paper because it pretty much summarizes what it found. So the title was, "The Perils of Ignoring History: Big Tobacco Played Dirty and Millions Died. How Similar Is Big Food?" In my mind, the playbooks are still very similar, and that's why it's really interesting to talk to you today, get a little sense of what's happening more recently, and importantly, think about what lessons are learned from tobacco control. I wanted to bring up one thing from that paper that I always found fascinating, which was the discussion about something called "The Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers." Could you describe what that was and what role you think it played in history? Sure. Just to give you some context for it, the first two major papers that implicated smoking in lung cancer were published in major medical journals in 1950. In December of 1952 there was an article in the "Reader's Digest," which incidentally was the only major magazine that did not accept cigarette advertising, that was entitled, "Cancer by the Carton." And this was the American public's first real exposure to the risks associated with smoking, and it led to a two-year decline in cigarette smoking, a very sharp decline, something that was unprecedented in the history of the cigarette. Following that there was some research published on mice and cancer. And needless to say, the tobacco industry was getting pretty nervous about this. So the executives of all the major tobacco firms met in New York City in December of 1953, and they collaborated on what became a public relations strategy, which drove their behavior for many years thereafter. The first thing they did was to publish "A Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers" in January of 1954. This "Frank Statement" was published in over 400 magazines and newspapers, and it reached an estimated audience of some 80 million Americans, which would be a very good percentage of all Americans in those years. And they talked about the fact that there was this evidence out there, but they said, "We feel it is in the public interest," this is a quote, "to call attention to the fact that eminent doctors and research scientists have publicly questioned the claimed significance of this research." Then they went on to say, and I quote again, "We accept an interest in people's health as a basic responsibility, paramount to every other consideration in our business. We believe the products we make are not injurious to health and," and this is the kicker, "we always have and always will cooperate closely with those whose task it is to safeguard the public health," end quote. They went on to say that they would support research on smoking and health, and, of course, that they would always be the good guys in this story. This was designed as part of a strategy to obfuscate, to deceive the public, basically, to lie about what they already knew about the health hazards associated with smoking. And it was essentially a first very public step in a campaign that, one could argue, in many ways has persisted ever since, although, obviously, now the tobacco companies admit that they're killing their customers and they admit that smoking causes cancer and heart disease and lung disease and so on. But that was kind of the beginning of the strategy that drove their behavior for decades. You know, that was one of the issues we raised in our paper. How similar were the big food companies in talking about concern for the health of their customers, planting doubt with the science, pledging to make changes that were in the interest of public health, agreeing to collaborate with public health officials? All those things played out in the food arena as well. And that's just one of many places where the food industry behave very, very similar to what the tobacco industry has done. But boy, is it interesting to hear that particular anecdote and to learn of the cynical behavior of the industry. So fast forward from there, and you think about the tobacco industry executives testifying before Congress that nicotine wasn't addictive, and you have that same process playing out many years later. These similarities are really remarkable. So let's talk about your work and some of the issues that I think apply to the food area, and let's talk about taxes at the beginning. So I worked for years on the issue of soda taxes, and these taxes now exist in more than 50 countries around the world and in a number of major cities in the US, including San Francisco, Philadelphia, Seattle, and Oakland. And these taxes have been shown to have really positive effects, and they seem to be growing around the world. And I'd like to understand what you see as the overall findings from the work on tobacco taxes. But before we do that, you have a very interesting story to tell about how the tobacco control community responded when you first began speaking about taxes. It turns out to be taxes on tobacco have had whopping effects. But what was the initial reaction to people in that field? Yeah, it is kind of an interesting story. So around 1980, when I first started writing and talking about tobacco taxation as a method of reducing smoking, I used to have public health audiences booing me. If they had rotten tomatoes with them, they would have been throwing them. You know, Ken, it's hard to imagine because now these taxes are completely routine and accepted. Yes, they're not only routine and accepted, they are a first principle of tobacco control. They are enshrined in the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. So they really are kind of the first thing we turn to because we know that they work. We know that they reduce smoking. But let me give you a story about how I learned that this is not only a phenomenon with people smoking. It's a phenomenon with people using all other drugs, and it turns out it's a trans-species law, the Law of Demand. And that law says, basically, that if you increase price, the demand for the commodity will decrease. Well, in the beginning, the public health audiences believed two things. They believed that smokers were so addicted that they would not be affected by price, so it was ridiculous to even think about it. And they said, you have to have intrinsic motivators to get people to quit smoking. They have to care about their kids. They want to see their kids grow up, their spouses, and so on, and not extrinsic forces like a tax. So those were their two objections. So the story that I think is really kind of fun. I was on a plane flying to a small conference in Kansas City. This is sometime in the early '80s. And I happened to be seated next to Jack Henningfield, who is probably the preeminent psychopharmacologist dealing with nicotine, maybe in the world. And we were talking about price response, the fact that cigarette taxes work. And he said, "You know, I've got something I want to show you here." And he pulled out some what are called response cost curves from the psychology literature. And this is where you take a laboratory animal, in this instance addicted to narcotics or other addictive substances, and you give them a challenge to get their drugs. So first, I should note that these animals are so addicted that if they're given the choice between food and their drug, they will choose their drug, and they will in fact end up dying because they place a preference for the drug over food. But it turns out that when you increase the price of the drug to them, they decrease the amount that they consume. So what do I mean by that? If they have to push a lever, a bar, a certain number of times to get a dose of their drug, and you raise the number of bar pushes per dose, they will dose themselves with fewer doses. I took a look at these curves, and basically, a response cost curve for these lab animals is essentially a demand curve as we economists see it. And I calculated the price elasticity of demand, which is our standard measure of the responsiveness to price. And it turns out that addicted laboratory rats have essentially the same price elasticity of demand, the same price responsiveness that human beings do to cigarettes. That's an absolutely fascinating story. And, you know, I know Jack, and have admired his work, as you have, and it's amazing to think about that conversation on a plane, and what sort of scientific work it led to, and how that, in turn, found its way into policies that exist around the world. So tell us then about tobacco taxes, and how high do they have to be in order to affect consumption in an appreciable way, and have they worked in reducing tobacco use, and what's your overall take on that? So we have, quite literally, hundreds of studies in countries around the world, and we know a lot but we don't know everything. So we don't know, for example, if there's a particular price above which, you know, nobody will use the product. We don't have even really good data suggesting of, you know, what's the minimum increase in price that you have to have to have a noticeable impact. Overall, the literature suggests that if you increase the price of cigarettes by 10%, you will decrease the quantity demanded by 3 to 4%. Now, what this means is that roughly half of that decreased demand reflects decreases in the number of cigarettes that continuing smokers use, while the other half represents decreases in smoking, people quitting or kids not starting. So the demand is what we call price inelastic. The price change itself is larger, proportionately, than the decrease in consumption. But that decrease in consumption is still substantial and it's enough to have a large impact. Now, cigarette prices vary all over the world, and cigarette prices vary primarily because of taxation differences. So if you go to the Scandinavian countries, you'll find that a pack of cigarettes will run $15 or more. If you go to Australia, you're looking at $30 or more a pack. In the US, currently, we're looking at an average price in the range of about 7 to $8. In some jurisdictions, like New York City, it's $10 or more. But the prices in the US are actually relatively low among the more developed nations in the world. Any tax increase will have an impact but obviously the larger tax increases will have larger impacts. And there's some good and bad news in tobacco taxation, particularly in a country like ours, and this is, again, true for most of the developed world. Smoking is now concentrated in marginalized populations. I'm talking about low socioeconomic groups, the LGBTQ community, and racial minorities, in particular. If you think of this as an economic phenomenon, when you raise the price on cigarettes, you're going to hit the worst-off economically segments of the population hard. That's the bad news. The good news is that those people, precisely because they are poor, tend to be much more price responsive than high-income smokers, and more of them will quit. So we have this problem that the tax is regressive, it imposes a larger burden on the poor, but the health effect is progressive. It will reduce the gap between the rich and poor in terms of smoking rates. And of great importance, there's an enormous gap between the rich and poor in this country in life expectancy, and as much as half of that may be differences in smoking rates. Ken, there's a hundred follow-up questions I could ask, and I find this discussion absolutely fascinating. One thing that came into my mind was that some years ago I looked at the relationship of taxes, state by state in the US, and rates of disease like lung cancer and heart disease. And there was plenty of data because there was a huge range in tobacco taxes. Places like New York and Rhode Island had very high taxes, and the tobacco Southern states, like North Carolina, had very low taxes. But what's the sort of recent take on that, and the relationship between taxes and actual disease? Well, it's still true. And there are, in fact, what you suggest, the southeastern block of tobacco states have unusually low rates of taxation. And I haven't seen any recent data but one presumes that they are suffering more from smoking-related diseases because their smoking rates are higher. I mean, that has to be true. So I don't know that we have any particularly good data recently, but there have been studies that clearly relate tobacco or cigarette prices to health outcomes associated with smoking. I'm assuming US scientists have played a prominent role in producing the literature showing the negative health consequences of using cigarettes, and yet you said the United States has relatively low taxes compared to other developed countries. Why, do you think? I think we're going to get into a very philosophical discussion about the US right here. It has to do with individual responsibility. We know for sure that the initial reason the taxes were so low was that the tobacco block was so influential in the Senate, particularly in the days when Jesse Helms, the senator from North Carolina, was in the Senate. He was the most feared senator by the other senators, and if you wanted to get anything done for your cause, you had to go along with his cause, which was keeping cigarette prices low and doing everything they could to support smoking. So there's clearly been a built-in bias in the Senate, and basically in the Congress as a whole, against tobacco policy. You see a huge variation from state to state in tobacco policies, and it's reflective of basically their political leanings in general. You brought up this issue of personal responsibility, and boy, does that apply in the food area. You know, the food companies are saying: if you have one sugar beverage every once in a while, it's not going to be harmful. And it's not use of the products but it is overuse of the products. Thereby saying, it's not corporate responsibility we're talking about here, it's personal responsibility. That same argument was made by the tobacco industry, wasn't it? It was. They would be less inclined to do that today, for a couple of reasons. One is that we know that even low levels of smoking are harmful and indeed cause many of the diseases that we were referring to earlier. And I think all the companies have now admitted publicly that smoking does cause all of these diseases that we've long known it causes. And all of them are claiming that they would like to move away from a society with smoking to one that has alternative products that would give people choices and ways to get their nicotine without exposing themselves to so much risk. I mean, we have to remember, the fact that cigarettes kill their consumers is a real drawback as far as the industry is concerned because they're losing a lot of their consumers, you know, 10, 20 years before they normally would, and they have to deal with all these lawsuits. So it's unfortunate for them. Having said that, cigarettes are the goose that lays the golden egg. They cost very little to manufacture. The industry is sufficiently oligopolistic that the profits are enormous, and their profitability has continued even while smoking has dropped rather precipitously ever since the mid-1960s. Is that because the markets outside the US have been growing? They certainly have helped. Although now, and this is only true within the last few years, the aggregate cigarette sales in the world are declining. They've actually started dropping. So we were seeing a relatively stable situation as smoking decreased in the developed world and was rising in the developing world. The only place now where we're seeing increases in smoking are areas in Africa, which, by the way, is the one place in the world where we might be able to forego the tobacco epidemic because smoking rates are still quite low in most of the countries, not all of them, and also parts of the Middle East. But elsewhere we've been seeing smoking declining all over the world. That doesn't mean the profits have to drop because one thing that the companies can do, is, they can raise their prices. Now, if prices go up because of taxes that hurts the companies. But if they raise their own prices because demand is inelastic, what that means is that the percentage increase in the price is larger than the percentage decline in the demand for cigarettes. So they're actually adding to their profitability by doing that. They've always played this very interesting game for years of keeping price below what we would think to be the profit-maximizing price. And I think the reason for that has to do with addiction because they know that they have to have what are called replacement smokers, kids coming in to take the place of the smokers who are dying or quitting. And for years, I think, they kept their prices down because they didn't want to discourage young people from smoking. Now, I think they see the writing on the wall. Smoking is declining very rapidly. Smoking prevalence, which was 45% in the mid, early-1960s, is now a little over 12% in the US, and I think they're raising their prices with the understanding that they want to take as much advantage of the opportunity with the addicted smokers, the adults, as they possibly can, even though smoking among kids is becoming vanishingly small. I think of so many parallels with the soda taxes that now exists in a number of places, and the companies have responded somewhat differently. And perhaps it's the level of addiction issue that kicks in here, and the need to have replacement customers. Maybe that's another key difference. But with the soda taxes, the companies have not increased prices beyond the level of the tax. You know, to delight of public health experts, the companies have tended to pass along the entire tax so the companies are not eating that difference in order to keep prices the same. Higher tax gets reflected in the ultimate price that they charge, but they're not increasing prices beyond that. Do you think it might be the addiction issue that's different here? I don't know. I mean, that certainly could be an element of it. The other thing is that they're manufacturing other drinks that are being used in place of some of the sodas. So they've got waters, they've got juices. I mean, obviously these sugary juices are no better, but they do make other products. They make the diet drinks. And to the extent that they can find substitutes for those products within their own companies, it may be that they're content to allow people to make those substitutions. Interesting comment. The results so far on the soda tax suggest that the most common substitution as people drink less soda, is water, which is of course better than a lot of the alternatives that people might be consuming, so that's a bit of really good news. Even though the companies do sell water, Coke and Pepsi have Aquafina and Dasani, for example, they face a basic problem. Number one is that these companies are the biggest sellers of sugary beverages but not bottled water. That happens to be Nestle. So if people migrate to bottled water, they're likely to migrate from the big companies, like Coke and Pepsi, to Nestle. Also, people tend not to be very brand-loyal to water. They tend to buy whatever is on sale or whatever they find available to them, and that creates a problem for these companies like Coke and Pepsi that do rely on brand loyalty for their marketing. So it's very interesting. And also, I wonder, based on the research on food and addiction, if the companies don't take a hit if people switch from full sugar beverages even to diet beverages that they might sell because there wouldn't be as much addictive potential, and therefore the customers wouldn't have to have as much just to keep the habit going. So it's really interesting to think this through. That's certainly very plausible. The whole thing would also depend on the price elasticity of demand for sodas, and specifically for the brands that they're concerned about. If there is greater elasticity there than what we observe for cigarettes, then raising those prices aren't necessarily going to help them all that much. You mentioned that the elasticity estimates for tobacco suggested that a 10% increase in price led to a 3 to 4% reduction in consumption, and the numbers are even more positive in the case of the sugar beverages, where if you get a 10%, 15% increase in price, you end up with 10, 15% reduction in consumption. So that's good news in the food arena. That's good news but it also means that they can't do as easily what the tobacco industry can do, which is to raise their prices and expect to see profits rise. Because if they're losing as much in sales as they're gaining in price, it's no win. So Ken, let's talk about product formulation because you mentioned that earlier, and this is a really interesting issue that, again, connects tobacco and food products. So you think about the tobacco companies mainly selling cigarettes, but now there's vaping, there's cigarettes with things like menthol and other flavors, or low-fat foods, or artificial sweeteners. The list of product reformulations in order to attract customers goes on and on and on. So I know a controversial topic in your field has been e-cigarettes. Can you explain what these are? E-cigarettes have been around now for about a decade, let's say. Basically, they're devices that allow people to inhale nicotine and other substances, but the purpose is to give them their nicotine without combustion. And we know that the major problem associated with smoking is the products of combustion. There's 7,000 chemical compounds in cigarette smoke. 70 of them are known human carcinogens, causes of cancer in humans. Many of them are cardiotoxic. They cause lung disease and so on. The e-cigarettes have about two orders of magnitude fewer toxins in their emissions than do cigarettes. And it turns out that the amount of the comparable toxins, when they are in fact comparable, that you find in the e-cigarette emissions is much lower, usually a 10th to a 400th, of what you find in cigarette smoke. So logically, and based on a fair body of evidence at this point, vaping, use of e-cigarettes to get nicotine, is substantially less dangerous than is cigarette smoking. However, the controversy here is incredible. This is the most divisive issue that I have witnessed in my 45 years of working in the tobacco control field. It has torn the field asunder. The mainstream of public health, and by that I'm including governmental agencies, the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, the Truth Initiative, the American Cancer Society, heart and lung associations, all of mainstream public health is strongly opposed to e-cigarettes, and for one reason. They're concerned about kids' uptake of e-cigarettes, which has been substantial. It's been decreasing the last couple of years, but it has been substantial. And there are a number of things they're concerned about in that regard, and they're completely ignoring the fact that there's pretty good evidence that e-cigarettes are increasing smoking cessation for a subset of smokers. And a number of us on the science side of this, believe that the net effect of e-cigarettes is beneficial, that it's actually, possibly, a tool to add to the armamentarium of things like cigarette taxation, like smoke-free workplaces, like restrictions on advertising, and that it will help a group of inveterate smokers, those who either can't quit nicotine or don't want to, to move to a less dangerous alternative to smoking. I am not saying that e-cigarettes have no risk associated with them. They almost certainly do. But it is substantially lower. Now, historically, this is divisive within the field in part because all of the earlier attempts at, quote-unquote, tobacco harm reduction have been produced by the major cigarette companies, and they've been fraudulent. So cigarette filters were manufactured and sold, starting in the 1950s, in response to the scare that I referred to earlier about cancer. And they were sold with a message that the filters block the dangerous stuff but let the flavor through. And people bought this. That decrease in smoking in the early 1950s reversed, smoking went up sharply, as sales of filtered cigarettes went up. By the way, the first successful filtered cigarette was Kent, and it used what it referred to as the miracle Micronite filter. Well, that miracle Micronite filter turns out to have been made of asbestos. And there are lawsuits continuing to the present day by workers in the factories that made the filter tips for Kent cigarettes, who themselves ended up with lung cancer or other diseases due to the asbestos. Then came low-tar and nicotine cigarettes, and we actually have ample evidence from the documents that had been revealed by lawsuits, that the industry knew that this was a public relations device. It was not a harm reduction device. And in fact, because people believed that low-tar and nicotine cigarettes were less dangerous, it's likely that it actually increased the toll of smoking because people who would have quit, switched to low-tar and nicotine cigarettes instead. So there's some pretty awful history here that makes people legitimately concerned about alternative products. A critical element of this story is that the alternative products, in this case, the e-cigarettes were introduced by non-cigarette, non-tobacco companies, and their goal was to replace smoking. Now the major companies are all making their own e-cigarettes as well because they have to do it from a defensive point of view, but basically they don't have any great interest in slowing up the sale of cigarettes. They want to benefit from that as long as they can. So I should know the answer to this but I don't, but are e-cigarettes taxed? And wouldn't it be optimal to tax e-cigarettes but less than regular cigarettes so you discourage use of both but discourage the use of regular cigarettes more? That is very insightful. Two colleagues and I actually published a paper saying that in 2015 in "The New England Journal of Medicine," that we should be taxing e-cigarettes modestly, the reason being that we want to discourage kids from using them, and kids are far more price-sensitive than our adults. Kids have a very elastic response to cigarette prices. Adults do not, and in particular, older adults have even lower price responsiveness. So yes, there should be some taxation of e-cigarettes to discourage youth use of it but that taxation should be dramatically lower than the taxation of cigarettes. Some states are now taxing e-cigarettes. Not all of them. The federal government is actually looking into a proposal to double the tax, the federal tax, on cigarettes, which would take it up to $2.01 a pack, and at the same time, to establish an equivalent tax, similar to the $2 tax, on all vaping products. This would be a disaster because it would definitely discourage kids from vaping, but it would also discourage adults from using e-cigarettes as an alternative to smoking, and the most addicted, the inveterate smokers, those are the ones that need these alternatives. So that's a bad policy proposal. A much better one would be to increase the cigarette tax by more than a dollar, raise it to 3 or $4 or something, and impose a modest tax on e-cigarettes. This would discourage people from smoking, both adults and kids, but especially kids. It would discourage kids from using e-cigarettes but it would create a price differential that would encourage the inveterate smokers to switch to e-cigarettes. Now, part of the problem, and this has gotten worse over time, is that the American public believes that e-cigarettes, that vaping, is as dangerous and even maybe more dangerous than cigarette smoking. Nothing could be further from the truth but so far the mainstream of public health has sold that message to the public, and the public, including smokers, believe it. That's a fascinating story about how the public health field might be getting in its own way with this. And maybe doing damage to public health. So let's loop back a little bit to the behavior of the tobacco industry. So in 2017, the Phillip Morris Company funded and launched an organization called Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. So I think, hmm, a tobacco company saying they want less smoking, and one could view this with pretty high cynicism but what do you think about it? I've always shared your sense of cynicism about it. There's an interesting anecdote related to this. The individual who negotiated the deal by which Phillip Morris offered $1 billion over a 12-year period to establish this foundation, that individual was the main actor in the World Health Organization during the development of the global treaty on tobacco control, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. He also became director of the organization and served in that capacity until just the other day. He has stepped down from being director. But let me give you a little context for it. Philip Morris International that needs to be distinguished from Altria and Philip Morris Domestic, but Philip Morris International sells the leading brand of what is known as heated tobacco products, HTPs. These are products that actually have tobacco in them. E-cigarettes have no tobacco in them but these products actually have tobacco in them. But instead of burning the tobacco, they heat it. They volatilize it, and the nicotine is inhaled. Like e-cigarettes, they appear to be substantially less dangerous than smoking, although it's not clear that they're as less dangerous as, than, e-cigarettes. But they're produced only by the major cigarette companies. Philip Morris is now selling these products successfully in many countries, many cities around the world. While they actually have the authorization to sell an older version of the product in the US, it's not very popular at this point. But in Japan, over the last four years there's been a drop in cigarettes sold of about a third at the same time that there's been this great increase in the use of these heated tobacco products manufactured by Philip Morris International and by Japan Tobacco. They have a product called Ploom. Philip Morris' product is called IQOS, I-Q-O-S, which, I was told, originally stood for I Quit Ordinary Smoking. So they are the leader of the theme song that the industry is singing these days about how they want a smoke-free world and they want to move toward one. But the only way they're ever going to do that, willingly, is if they can sell other products like these heated tobacco products and make large sums of money on them. Philip Morris has a good start at that. They claim that about a third of their revenue now is coming from IQOS, this heated tobacco product. So whether that foundation ultimately has beneficial effects or not, forget corporate beneficial effects but on the public good, would pretty much depend on who's choosing to use these e-cigarettes, I'm imagining. That if it's people switching from normal cigarettes to them, or using them instead of normal cigarettes, it's one thing. But if they're recruiting new people who otherwise wouldn't smoke, then it would be a bad thing. So how do you think that'll all play out? That's actually a critically important question, Kelly. And one of the great concerns that the opposition to e-cigarettes has, is that they're addicting lots of kids to nicotine, and that many of them will go on to smoke, and that that will reverse the progress that we made on smoking. Now, it turns out that there is no evidence to support the latter contention. And in fact, there's evidence to the contrary. I think it's entirely possible that some kids who would not have touched a cigarette otherwise are vaping and then trying cigarettes in the future. Whether they become regular smokers, remains to be seen. But I think there certainly are some kids like that. But what we do know is that the rate of smoking among kids, what we call current smoking, and smoking among kids means that they've had at least one puff on a cigarette in the last 30 days, that number has plummeted over the last quarter century, and, and this is the interesting thing, it has gone down at its fastest rate precisely during the period in which vaping has been popular among kids. So one theory is that vaping is displacing smoking to some extent. That kids who would've smoked are vaping instead. It's a very complicated area and we don't know the answer. Among adults who vape, and they are relatively few in number except for very young adults, we observe mostly dual use, but the question is how much of this is a transition to vaping only, and then, maybe, a transition to nothing after that. In the UK, where vaping has been advertised by the health organizations as a way to quit smoking, and they have encouraged its use, and they use it in their smoking cessation clinics, and you'll even find it in hospitals, in the UK we have seen that more than half of the people who have quit smoking by using e-cigarettes have also quit vaping. So it is no longer the case in the UK that a majority of the people who vape are also currently smoking. In the US, the data have been moving in that direction but it's still a majority who are dual users rather than vaping only. But we have evidence of four or five completely different kinds of studies, commercial data, other products in other countries, that all lead to the conclusion that vaping is already increasing the rate of smoking cessation in the US and in the UK by probably 10 to 15%. That's a hard thing to see in the data but it is something that, if you dig into the data, you will see it, and as I say, we see it all over the place. Let me give you one example of the tobacco harm reduction story that's fabulous. 40 to 50 years ago, large numbers of Swedish males started using a smokeless tobacco product called snus, S-N-U-S. It's a relatively low nitrosamine product, nitrosamine being a carcinogenic element, and they substituted it for cigarettes largely because cigarette taxes were going way up and there weren't any significant taxes on snus. So what you observe today, some three, four decades or more later, is that Swedish males have the lowest male smoking rate of any country in Europe, and maybe in the world. They do not have a low tobacco use rate. Their tobacco use rate is pretty typical but it consists mostly of snus. And they also have by far the lowest rate of tobacco-related diseases, like lung cancer, of men in all of the European Union countries, and the second lowest is typically a rate twice or more that of what you see in the Swedish males. Swedish females, who did not quit smoking in large numbers and did not take up snus until fairly recently, have rates of lung cancer and other diseases that are average or above-average for the European Union. So that's a great example of tobacco harm reduction in action, and it's one that's been around now, as I say, for decades. Ken, this is a remarkable history and you're just bringing it alive beautifully. But let me ask you one final question. So given that you've been working in this field for more than four decades now, and have really been a pioneer, a leader, a warrior, and a hero, all those things could be applied to you and your work, if I asked you to sum up what's been learned from all these decades of work on tobacco, what would you say? There are a lot of lesson. Certainly, we have learned specific kinds of interventions that really matter. You and I spoke about tax at some length. That's the preeminent one. Smoke-free workplaces, including smoke-free restaurants and bars, have not only themselves had a direct impact on health but have also set the tone for a more smoke-free society. So we have seen quite dramatic changes. I mentioned we're going from a 45% rate of smoking for the nation as a whole down to a little over 12%. That, however, has taken us six to seven decades. So it's kind of a good news, bad news story. It's a very complicated area. Tobacco control was ranked by CDC as one of the 10 most important public health measures of the 20th century, and also the first decade of the 21st century. And I think that's completely legitimate, and it is something about which all of us who care about public health can feel very proud about. The problem still remains. It is an enormous problem, as you alluded earlier, in many parts of the developing world, the low- and middle-income countries, and it's a growing problem in some of those countries, and it's just not going to disappear real fast. The lesson that I've taken most recently has been a discouraging one, and that's how divisive our field has become. We really have a chasm between the people who are opposed to tobacco harm reduction and those who are supportive of it. They're good people on both sides, they believe what they're saying, but they can't talk to each other civilly at this point. I hope that that will not become the case for those of you who are fighting the good fight in dealing with unhealthy foods. Bio Kenneth E. Warner is the Avedis Donabedian Distinguished University Professor Emeritus of Public Health and Dean Emeritus at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. A member of the faculty from 1972-2017, he served as Dean from 2005-2010. Presented in over 275 professional publications, Dr. Warner's research has focused on economic and policy aspects of tobacco and health. Dr. Warner served as the World Bank's representative to negotiations on the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, WHO's first global health treaty. He also served as the Senior Scientific Editor of the 25th anniversary Surgeon General's report on smoking and health. From 2004-2005 he was President of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT). He currently serves on the FDA's Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. In 1996 Dr. Warner was elected to the National Academy of Medicine. He is a recipient of the Surgeon General's Medallion, the Luther Terry Award for Exemplary Achievement in Tobacco Control, and the Doll-Wynder Award from SRNT. Dr. Warner earned his AB from Dartmouth College and MPhil and PhD in economics from Yale University.
Gale is woken up by an unexpected guest, Riot spends her first night on the road, and Barb goes for a drive. The theme of tonight's episode is roads. (To avoid spoilers, content warnings are listed at the end of this episode description). The bonus story that goes with this episode is ‘End of the Line', and is available for Hallowoods patrons on the show's Patreon, along with behind-the-scenes, exclusive merchandise, and more! Because the show runs without ads or sponsors, we rely on support from fans to guarantee the survival of this LGBTQ+ horror podcast. Hello From The Hallowoods is written and produced by William A. Wellman, a queer horror author and writing coach. You can visit their website for more information! The transcript for this episode is available on the Hello From The Hallowoods Website. Click here to read! You can also find Hello From The Hallowoods on social media! The show is on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter at @thehallowoods. If you'd like to connect with other fans of the show, there's even a fan-run Discord Server! Music for this episode was used under license from Artlist.com. The soundtracks featured were: ‘Forest Overture', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Free Radicals', by Stanley Gurvich ‘The Sky Above', by Borrtex, ‘Tea For One', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Once Upon A Time', by Maya Belsitzman and Matan Ephrat ‘Flow State', by Theater of Delays, ‘The Scent', by Spearfisher, ‘Mysa', by Laurel Violet, ‘Horror In Your Eyes', by G Yerro, ‘The Ghost', by Martin Puehringer, ‘Gazing Wide', by Tamuz Dekel, ‘Angst', by Jan Baars, ‘Ganymede', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Dreaming Lucifer', by Dan Alayon, ‘Back Alley', by Will Van De Crommert, ‘Soft Awakening', by John Gegelman, ‘84 Years Old', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Exhale', by Salt of the Sound, And ‘Farewell', by Maya Belsitzman and Matan Ephrat Content warnings for this episode include: Violence, Kidnapping and abduction, Death + Injury, Blood, Gun Mention, Misgendering, Static (including sfx), Emotional Manipulation, Smoking
Storytelling is a central tenet of impacting human behavior and generating real social change. That's why the TSET Health Communication (HC) team is an important part of executing the agency's mission. But creating messages that resonate is no easy task. Hear from three special guests about the logic, strategies, and execution of TSET's award-winning HC team: Renee Nolen Rosencrans of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Office of Smoking and Health shares her expertise on why health-focused messaging campaigns are critical to changing and understanding poor health behaviors; Sjonna Paulson, TSET HC Director, shares the history, evolution and strategies behind our work in HC; and Laura Beebe, an epidemiologist with the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center who works closely with TSET as an evaluator to ensure that our messages are effective, shares interesting results from some of our most impactful public health campaigns. All music licensed through PremiumBeat. Full credits and transcripts available at tset.ok.gov/podcast.
CLICK HERE to listen to episode audio (5:17).Sections below are the following: Transcript of Audio Audio Notes and Acknowledgments ImagesExtra Information Sources Related Water Radio Episodes For Virginia Teachers (Relevant SOLs, etc.). Unless otherwise noted, all Web addresses mentioned were functional as of 11-26-21. TRANSCRIPT OF AUDIO From the Cumberland Gap to the Atlantic Ocean, this is Virginia Water Radio for the week of November 29, 2021. This episode is part of a series this year of winter-related episodes. MUSIC – ~10 sec – instrumental. That excerpt of “Mid-winter Etude,” by Timothy Seaman of Williamsburg, Va., opens our annual episode on winter preparedness. This coincides with Virginia Winter Weather Awareness Week, which is being observed this year from November 29 to December 3, according to the Wakefield, Va., National Weather Service office. In 2021, winter astronomically begins in Virginia on December 21 at 10:59 a.m. That's the Eastern Standard time of the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, when that hemisphere is at its maximum annual tilt away from the sun. At its beginning, middle, or end, winter can bring cold temperatures, hazardous roads, power outages, and fire hazards. To help you be prepared, here are 10 tips compiled from information provided by the Virginia Department of Emergency Management, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC.1. Avoid traveling in winter-storm conditions if you can. If you must travel, get road conditions from the Virginia 511 telephone system, Web site, or app. And have an emergency kit for your vehicle, including jumper cables, water, non-perishable food, blankets, a flashlight, and other items.2. Have battery-powered sources of lighting and information, particularly weather information, along with enough batteries to last through a power outage of several days. Whenever possible, use flashlights and not candles during power outages. If you do use candles, put them in safe holders away from anything combustible, and don't leave a burning candle unattended.3. Make a family emergency plan that covers sheltering; evacuation from your area; escape from a home fire; emergency meeting places; communications; a supply of food, water, and medications; and other factors specific to your circumstances; and practice your plan. 4. Get fireplaces, wood stoves, and chimneys inspected and cleaned.5. Install a smoke detector in every bedroom and on every floor level, test them monthly, and replace the batteries at least annually. 6. Install a carbon monoxide detector in your home and check or replace the battery every six months.7. If you use space heaters, make sure they'll switch off automatically if the heater falls over; plug them into wall outlets, not extension cords; keep them at least three feet from combustible objects; don't leave heaters unattended; and check for cracked or damaged wires or plugs. 8. Generators, camp stoves, and other devices that burn gasoline or charcoal should be used outdoors only.9. Learn where to shut off water valves in case a pipe bursts. And 10. Be careful of overexertion during snow shoveling. More information on preparing for winter weather, fires, and other emergencies is available online from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management, at vaemergency.gov.Next time the forecast calls for snow, freezing rain, or other wintry weather, here's hoping that you can stay warm, dry, and safe.Thanks to Timothy Seaman for permission to use this week's music, and we close with about 25 more seconds of “Mid-winter Etude.” MUSIC – ~28 sec – instrumental. SHIP'S BELL Virginia Water Radio is produced by the Virginia Water Resources Research Center, part of Virginia Tech's College of Natural Resources and Environment. For more Virginia water sounds, music, or information, visit us online at virginiawaterradio.org, or call the Water Center at (540) 231-5624. Thanks to Ben Cosgrove for his version of “Shenandoah” to open and close this episode. In Blacksburg, I'm Alan Raflo, thanking you for listening, and wishing you health, wisdom, and good water. AUDIO NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS “Midwinter Etude,” from the 1996 album “Incarnation,” is copyright by Timothy Seaman and Pine Wind Music, used with permission. More information about Mr. Seaman is available online at http://timothyseaman.com/en/. This music was used previously by Virginia Water Radio in Episode 561, 1-25-21. Click here if you'd like to hear the full version (2 min./22 sec.) of the “Shenandoah” arrangement/performance by Ben Cosgrove that opens and closes this episode. More information about Mr. Cosgrove is available online at http://www.bencosgrove.com.IMAGESSnow and ice on a seasonal pond at Heritage Park in Blacksburg, Va., December 26, 2020.Snow along Toms Creek at Heritage Park in Blacksburg, Va., December 26, 2020.Ice hanging from tree twigs at Heritage Park in Blacksburg, Va., February 20, 2021.EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS AND FIRE SAFETY On Winter Weather Preparedness The following information is quoted from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM), “Winter Weather,” online at https://www.vaemergency.gov/winter-weather/, accessed 11/29/21.Winter storms can range from freezing rain or ice, to a few hours of moderate snowfall, to a blizzard that lasts for several days. Many winter storms are accompanied by dangerously low temperatures, power outages and unpredictable road conditions. Before, during, and after a winter storm, roads and walkways may become extremely dangerous or impassable. Access to critical community services such as public transportation, child care, healthcare providers and schools may be limited. Preparing your home, car and family before cold weather and a winter storm arrives is critical. Overview for Dealing with a Winter Storm*During a winter storm, stay off the roads as much as possible and only drive when absolutely necessary. Always give snow plows the right of way. *Never use a generator, grill, camp stove or gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal burning device inside your home, garage, basement, crawlspace or any other partially enclosed area. *Snow shoveling is a known trigger for heart attacks! Always avoid overexertion when shoveling. *When severe weather occurs, plan to check on elderly or disabled neighbors and relatives. *If you must travel, know road conditions before you leave home. Visit 511Virginia.org or call 511 for road condition updates. *Protect yourself from frostbite! Hands, feet and face are the most commonly affected areas so wear a hat, mittens (which are warmer than gloves) and cover your mouth with a scarf to reduce heat loss. *Keep dry! Change out of wet clothing frequently to prevent a loss of body heat. *Wear several layers of loose-fitting, lightweight, warm clothing rather than one layer or heavy clothing.Prepare Your Home *Make sure your home is properly insulated. *Check the weather stripping around your windows and doors. *Learn how to shut off water valves in case a pipe bursts. *Have additional heat sources on hand in case of a power outages. *Keep a fire extinguisher accessible. *Replace the batteries in your carbon monoxide detector annually. Prepare Your Car *Batteries lose power as temperatures drop, be sure to have yours tested. *Check your car's antifreeze level. *Have your radiator system serviced. *Replace your car's windshield wiper fluid with a wintertime mix. *Proactively replace your car's worn tires and wiper blades. *To help with visibility, clean [snow or ice] off your car entirely, including your trunk, roof, windows and headlights. Did You Know?*Dehydration can make you more susceptible to hypothermia.*If it's too cold for you, it's too cold for your pet! Don't leave pets outside for prolonged periods of time and have plenty of fresh, unfrozen water on hand.*Each year, snow, sleet, slush and/or ice on the road leads to approximately, 537,000 crashes, 136,000 injuries, and 1,800 deaths.*It can snow at temperatures well above freezing*Temperatures do not have to be below zero degrees to cause harmOn Fire SafetyThe following information is quoted from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management (VDEM), “Fires,” online at https://www.vaemergency.gov/fires/, accessed 11/29/21. In just two minutes, a fire can become life-threatening. In just five minutes, a home can be engulfed in flames. Learn About Fires *Fire is FAST! In less than 30 seconds a small flame can turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house or for it to be engulfed in flames.*Fire is HOT! Heat is more threatening than flames. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at floor level and rise to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs and melt clothes to your skin.*Fire is DARK! Fire starts bright, but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness.*Fire is DEADLY! Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a three-to-one ratio. Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan*In the event of a fire, remember that every second counts, so you and your family must always be prepared. Escape plans help you get out of your home quickly.*Twice each year, practice your home fire escape plan. Some tips to consider when preparing this plan include:*Find two ways to get out of each room in the event the primary way is blocked by fire or smoke.*A secondary route might be a window onto a neighboring roof or a collapsible ladder for escape from upper story windows.*Make sure that windows are not stuck, screens can be taken out quickly, and that security bars can be properly opened.*Practice feeling your way out of the house in the dark or with your eyes closed.*Teach children not to hide from firefighters. Smoke Alarms*A working smoke alarm significantly increases your chances of surviving a deadly home fire.*Install both ionization AND photoelectric smoke alarms, OR dual sensor smoke alarms, which contain both ionization and photoelectric smoke sensors.*Test batteries monthly.*Replace batteries in battery-powered and hard-wired smoke alarms at least once a year (except non-replaceable 10-year lithium batteries).*Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, including the basement, both inside and outside of sleeping areas.*Replace the entire smoke alarm unit every 8-10 years or according to manufacturer's instructions.*Never disable a smoke alarm while cooking – it can be a deadly mistake. Smoke Alarm Safety for People with Access or Functional Needs*Audible alarms for visually impaired people should pause with a small window of silence between each successive cycle so that they can listen to instructions or voices of others.*Smoke alarms with a vibrating pad or flashing light are available for the hearing impaired. Contact your local fire department for information about obtaining a flashing or vibrating smoke alarm.*Smoke alarms with a strobe light outside the home to catch the attention of neighbors, and emergency call systems for summoning help, are also available. During a Fire*Crawl low under any smoke to your exit – heavy smoke and poisonous gases collect first along the ceiling.*Before opening a door, feel the doorknob and door. If either is hot, or if there is smoke coming around the door, leave the door closed and use your second way out.*If you open a door, open it slowly. Be ready to shut it quickly if heavy smoke or fire is present.*If you can't get to someone needing assistance, leave the home and call 9-1-1 or the fire department. Tell the emergency operator where the person is located.*If pets are trapped inside your home, tell firefighters right away.*If you can't get out, close the door and cover vents and cracks around doors with cloth or tape to keep smoke out. Call 9-1-1 or your fire department. Say where you are and signal for help at the window with a light-colored cloth or a flashlight.*If your clothes catch fire, stop, drop, and roll – stop immediately, drop to the ground, and cover your face with your hands. Roll over and over or back and forth until the fire is out. If you or someone else cannot stop, drop, and roll, smother the flames with a blanket or towel. Use cool water to treat the burn immediately for 3 to 5 minutes. Cover with a clean, dry cloth. Get medical help right away by calling 9-1-1 or the fire department. Fire Escape Planning for Older Adults and People with Access or Functional Needs*Live near an exit. You'll be safest on the ground floor if you live in an apartment building. If you live in a multi-story home, arrange to sleep on the ground floor, and near an exit.*If you use a walker or wheelchair, check all exits to be sure you get through the doorways.*Make any necessary accommodations, such as providing exit ramps and widening doorways, to facilitate an emergency escape.*Speak to your family members, building manager, or neighbors about your fire safety plan and practice it with them.*Contact your local fire department's non-emergency line and explain your special needs. Ask emergency providers to keep your special needs information on file.*Keep a phone near your bed and be ready to call 911 or your local emergency number if a fire occurs. After a Fire – The following checklist serves as a quick reference and guide for you to follow after a fire strikes.*Contact your local disaster relief service, such as The Red Cross, if you need temporary housing, food and medicines.*If you are insured, contact your insurance company for detailed instructions on protecting the property, conducting inventory and contacting fire damage restoration companies. If you are not insured, try contacting private organizations for aid and assistance.*Check with the fire department to make sure your residence is safe to enter. Be watchful of any structural damage caused by the fire. The fire department should see that utilities are either safe to use or are disconnected before they leave the site. DO NOT attempt to reconnect utilities yourself.*Conduct an inventory of damaged property and items. Do not throw away any damaged goods until after an inventory is made. Try to locate valuable documents and records.*Begin saving receipts for any money you spend related to fire loss. The receipts may be needed later by the insurance company and for verifying losses claimed on income tax.*Notify your mortgage company of the fire. Cooking*Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling, or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short period of time, turn off the stove.*Wear short, close-fitting or tightly rolled sleeves when cooking.*Keep children away from cooking areas by enforcing a “kid-free zone” of 3 feet around the stove.*Position barbecue grills at least 10 feet away from siding and deck railings, and out from under eaves and overhanging branches. Smoking*Smoke outside and completely stub out butts in an ashtray or a can filled with sand.*Soak cigarette butts and ashes in water before throwing them away. Never toss hot cigarette butts or ashes in the trash can.*Never smoke in a home where oxygen is used, even if it is turned off. Oxygen can be explosive and makes fire burn hotter and faster.*Be alert – don't smoke in bed! If you are sleepy, have been drinking, or have taken medicine that makes you drowsy, put your cigarette out first. Electrical and Appliance Safety*Frayed wires can cause fires. Replace all worn, old or damaged appliance cords immediately and do not run
Learn about the importance of acknowledging customer loyalty, an extreme example of living the brand experience, and evolving the ways you interact with customers for the greater good of the planet. Bite-Sized Delight From the Episode: • Be Loyal to Those Who Show You Loyalty - Be generous with the points/benefits of your loyalty program and make it easy for customers to receive the perks they've earned. • Let Customers Live Your Brand - Your most dedicated customers want to show their affinity and receive unique perks for continued and ongoing support/patronage. • Sustain Support with Sustainable Offerings - As the marketplace becomes more environmentally conscious, your offerings and operations need to consider the environmental impact more. Are You Looking for Things We Referenced? • "Sale of Marlboro Ranch Snuffs Out Smokers' Vacation Dreams" - by Jennifer Maloney and Omar Abdel-Baqui • Improving Our Packaging - Amazon's Shipping Sustainability Initiatives Learn more about the Experience This Show and the hosts: Joey Coleman Dan Gingiss
800 The Jewell producer / Mc & Trugga beatz stop by The Smoking with JoeThunder podcast Elvis Freshleee bgood dispensary and Dj Cyn 2021 Denver, Co If it ain't bgood it's t Part 2 we talk mental health , life and music biz . Ig 800thejewell truggabeatz joethunderpodcast dj_cyn elvis.freshleee
High as fuck edition with They Call Him AP & Nay Renee stick around and smoke it up Smoking with JoeThunder podcast with Elvis Freshleee bgood dispensary & Dj Cyn If it ain't bgood it's no good!!! We chop it up about the most random shit and much much more
Mr Criminal Recording Artist , Rap artist,Actor OG and Big Villian manager stops by the Smoking with JoeThunder podcast with Elvis Freshleee bgood dispensary and Dj Cyn Mr Criminal talks about growing up in Southern California, getting into rap, wilding out chasing chicks , meeting Mr Capone-E, making a song with Nate Dogg, acting , netFlix movie Bright, and much much more Big Villian talks about growing up, getting into rap , meeting Mr Criminal
Interview with Josh Bollen Today's episode is with Josh Bollen from Sydney! He has submitted several recipes to 99 Spearo Recipes and is passionate about cooking and eating food he's foraged or caught and foraged. He has a love for making food look good and when you see his recipes you will understand why! We chat about smoking fish, dry aging meat and the magic of vacuum packing and how to get the best and most out of your catch. Have a listen to this interview and stay tuned for 99 Spearo Recipes for his recipes and a ton more! We also chat about anxiety in diving, how to deal with it and ways to improve your experience of life. Enjoy listening and let us know your thoughts in the comments! You can support us and secure yourself a copy by supporting our campaign! What is the most unusual food you have foraged or caught yourself? Important times: 00:13 Intro 02:04 Noober Stories 05:00 Welcome Josh! Always learning - what does that mean to you? 06:18 You have an interest in jewelry? 07:53 A passion for plating food 09:09 Connecting the catch with the food 11:16 Where are you in the world? 13:25 You have been vacuum packing food? 16:55 Fish wings 17:54 How long should fish be cooked for? 19:50 Food was your gateway drug into spearfishing 22:36 Started spearfishing in 2019 23:15 What appeals to you in spearfishing? What struggles have you had? 26:05 Observing nature and the underwater world 28:22 Bush food and a very underused plant: Pig Face 34:50 What was your first memorable fish? 35:50 Leather Jackets are great eating and some fish Josh avoids 37:17 Smoking fish: How do you do it? Controlling temperature, airflow, etc 43:09 Scary moments in your spearfishing and seeing sharks 45:59 What are your favourite species to hunt and how to hunt Blackspot Goatfish 49:57 Dry aging your fish - do you need a dedicated fridge? Moisture? How to hang them up, etc 56:03 Being thoughtful and intentional with your food and storage 58:02 99 Spearo Recipes: you submitted several recipes! 59:26 Octopus: tenderize it! 01:01:39 My Octopus Teacher and Seaspiracy 01:05:27 Deep dive chat about anxiety and diving 01:06:54 Risk vs reward 01:08:18 How do you stay calm and cope? 01:11:23 Do you have a mantra or ways of calming down? 01:12:34 Learn to distance yourself from your thoughts and make rational decisions 01:16:30 Risk/stress/discomfort has a place and a value in daily life 01:17:41 A life worth living 01:18:25 Keeping the connection to nature that our ancestors had 01:20:20 Funny stuff, dehydration and sea sickness 01:22:30 I use Aqualyte to cope 01:23:28 What's in your dive bag? Cressi wetsuit, Rob Allen speargun and roller guns, fin upgrades 01:31:12 DIY flashers 01:35:12 Spearo Q&A Where is your dream spearing destination? Favourite dive buddy? Single best piece of advice: SLOW DOWN! Describe the spearfishing experience: FREEDOM! 01:38:36 Outro Listen in and subscribe on iOS or Android Important Links Noob Spearo Partners and Discount Codes . Use the code NOOBSPEARO save $20 on every purchase over $200 at checkout – Flat shipping rate, especially in AUS! – Use the code NOOB10 to save 10% off anything store-wide. Free Shipping on USA orders over $99 + Free Shipping with promo code NOOBSPEARO at ! #ad #manscapedpod | Simple, Effective, Dependable Wooden Spearguns. Use the Code NOOB to save $30 on any speargun:) use the code SPEARO to get 20% off any course and the code NOOBSPEARO to get 40% off any and all courses! Use the code NOOBSPEARO to save $25 on the full Penetrator Spearfishing Fin Range . 28-day Freediving Transformation (CODE: NOOB28 for 15% off) | Equalization Masterclass – Roadmap to Frenzel | Free Courses | Freediving Safety Course | How to Take a 25-30% Bigger Breath! | The 5 minute Freediver | Break the 10 Meter Barrier – Use the code NOOBSPEARO to save $ | Wickedly tough and well thought out gear! Check out their | ‘Spearo Dad' | ‘Girls with Gills' | ‘Jobfish Tribute' | Fishing Trips () Subscribe to the best spearfishing magazine in the world. International subscription available! . Listen to 99 Tips to Get Better at Spearfishing
In this episode the boys celebrate a nice Tripsgiving.-A rocky start.-Tyler has no prep.-Getting more conservative as we get older.-Smoking toad venom.-It was all cubes. Red too.-Just admit you want to have fun.-Gotta hand it to an addict’s balance.-Patrick goes behind Tyler’s back with a bigger turkey.-Jay’s family Thanksgiving.-Going to the DMV on DMT. The... The post Episode 47: Should Have Smoked The Toad first appeared on The Ouachita Podcasts.
Today, I am blessed to have here with me Dr. Joan Ifland. With the publication of her textbook, Processed Food Addiction, Dr. Ifland is considered to be the world's leading expert in processed food addiction. Backed by new technology developed in the textbook, Dr. Ifland has developed cutting-edge innovations in online programs addressing compulsive overeating and diet-related diseases. With the introduction of RESET WEEK and the Daily Addiction Reset Community (Daily ARC), Dr. Ifland has brought recovery from compulsive overeating to a new level of effectiveness. Her programs are easy to access. They save time and money for members while engaging participation for the long run. Members who have not had control over food since early childhood are now able to eat planned, healthy meals. In this episode, Dr. Ifland talks about the inspiration behind her career in processed food addiction. If you're starting to ditch processed foods, it can be hard to go out with friends or be at home with your family for the holidays. It would help if you started associating processed foods with how they make you feel. Dr. Ifland dives into how the food industry and the pharmaceutical industry are making people's health much worse. Tune in as we chat about breaking a food addiction and the problem with most dietitians. Order Keto Flex: http://www.ketoflexbook.com -------------------------------------------------------- / / E P I S O D E S P ON S O R S PureForm Omega Plant Based Oils (Best Alternative to Fish Oil): http://www.purelifescience.com Use ben4 for $4.00 off. Upgraded Formulas Hair Mineral Deficiency Analysis & Supplements: http://www.upgradedformulas.com Use BEN10 at checkout for 10% off your order. Paleo Valley beef sticks, apple cider vinegar complex, organ meat complex & more. Use the coupon code KETOKAMP15 over at https://paleovalley.com/ to receive 15% off your entire order. Text me the words "Podcast" +1 (786) 364-5002 to be added to my contacts list. [00:40] Why Dr. Ifland Was Inspired to Start A Career In Processed Food Addiction Ifland had two pregnancies back-to-back. After that, she became a yo-yo dieter. She would try only to eat 1200 calories a day. However, this was making her processed food addiction worse. There are court documents that reveal companies took the tobacco addiction model and transferred it to sugar for children. It's not normal to think about food when you're not hungry. Americans think about food obsessively. After ditching processed foods, Dr. Ifland got rid of her brain fog, bloating, and a sinus infection. Plus, she was losing two pounds a week. Over 70% of the country in the US is now overweight or obese. Americans are deeply addicted to processed foods, and they don't even know about it. [12:25] You Need To Associate Processed Foods With The Pain You Feel Just because everyone is eating something, that doesn't mean you should eat it too. You need to associate certain foods with the pain you feel from them. For instance, “I don't eat that because it gives me a headache.” You want to retrain brain cells to associate foods with the pain you feel. [16:55] You Can Addict Any Human To Any Substance If You Get Them Young Enough Smoking used to be the leading cause of preventable death globally. Now, diet-related diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Smoking and diets are based on the same business model. The business model goes like this: Advertising Availability Affordability Young age of onset Hidden addictive product formulation The younger someone is when you addict them, the harder it will be for them to overcome the addiction. [32:20] Overeating Is An Addiction Done To You By The Food Industry It takes years to go to a social situation and not be bothered by people eating processed foods. The conformance tribe is significantly activated by food and by people you know well. The better you know a person, the more likely they will be able to trigger you into eating something bad. Overeating and diet-related diseases were done to you for profit by the food industry. [36:45] Free Donuts For Anyone Who Gets A Vaccine! There is corruption in the pharmaceutical industry. 60% of Covid deaths are in people who have an underlying diet-related condition. People wouldn't have been able to eat enough processed foods to get a condition unless their addiction was driving them. The message to the world should have been about metabolic health. The addiction business model is also used by the pharmaceutical industry. [42:10] True or False: Sugar Addiction Is Not A Real Thing Dietitians are the “professional” arm of the processed food industry. The medical community is the marketing arm of the pharmaceutical industry. 40% of dietitians work for the processed food industry. If you've been to a conference for dietitians, they are sponsored by Kraft and Nabisco. Luckily, many dieticians are rebelling against processed foods. Check out Processed Food Addiction: http://processedfoodaddiction.com/ Read the Book Processed Food Addiction: https://www.amazon.com/Processed-Food-Addiction-Foundations-Assessment/dp/0367503425/benazadi-20 [45:00] The First Steps To Breaking Food Addiction It's a very difficult process of acceptance, breaking through all the insanity you see out there and accepting that it's a severe addiction. Processed food addictions are deliberately made worse by the food industry and the pharmaceutical industry. You need to go and ask for help to recover from your addiction. Also, you need to be really patient on your journey. Lastly, you need to incorporate healthy living into your life. [51:40] When Can You Start Eating Sugar Again? People think that they will always want sugar. If you give up processed foods, then you will stop the cravings. Only 1% of the food in a grocery store is actually food. The rest of it is all drugs. Overall, Dr. Ifland says to have hope. AND MUCH MORE! Resources from this episode: Check out Dr. Joan Ifland: https://www.drjoanifland.com/ Processed Food Addiction: http://processedfoodaddiction.com/ Follow Dr. Joan Ifland Twitter: https://twitter.com/pfaddiction Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/foodaddictionreset/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5aZthQsCMLpfEjtax1RTYg Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.es/foodaddictionreset/ Food Addiction Education Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1806154526275515 Read the Book Processed Food Addiction: https://www.amazon.com/Processed-Food-Addiction-Foundations-Assessment/dp/0367503425/benazadi-20 Join theKeto Kamp Academy: https://ketokampacademy.com/7-day-trial-a WatchKeto Kamp on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUh_MOM621MvpW_HLtfkLyQ Order Keto Flex: http://www.ketoflexbook.com -------------------------------------------------------- / / E P I S O D E S P ON S O R S PureForm Omega Plant Based Oils (Best Alternative to Fish Oil): http://www.purelifescience.com Use ben4 for $4.00 off. Upgraded Formulas Hair Mineral Deficiency Analysis & Supplements: http://www.upgradedformulas.com Use BEN10 at checkout for 10% off your order. Paleo Valley beef sticks, apple cider vinegar complex, organ meat complex & more. Use the coupon code KETOKAMP15 over at https://paleovalley.com/ to receive 15% off your entire order. Text me the words "Podcast" +1 (786) 364-5002 to be added to my contacts list. *Some Links Are Affiliates* // F O L L O W ▸ instagram | @thebenazadi | http://bit.ly/2B1NXKW ▸ facebook | /thebenazadi | http://bit.ly/2BVvvW6 ▸ twitter | @thebenazadi http://bit.ly/2USE0so ▸clubhouse | @thebenazadi Disclaimer: This podcast is for information purposes only. Statements and views expressed on this podcast are not medical advice. This podcast including Ben Azadi disclaim responsibility from any possible adverse effects from the use of information contained herein. Opinions of guests are their own, and this podcast does not accept responsibility of statements made by guests. This podcast does not make any representations or warranties about guests qualifications or credibility. Individuals on this podcast may have a direct or non-direct interest in products or services referred to herein. If you think you have a medical problem, consult a licensed physician.
A good friend of mine discusses the struggles when it comes to sponsoring other women. In the beginning of the podcast, she talks about what it is like to have several years clean and begin to think about stopping going to meetings.Throughout the years, I have felt that way many times. We discuss the tools used to combat this. She moves on into what it was like growing up with not one, but two parents who were both in the program. They held hard lines and eventually she became homeless.Landing to a story of where she received her nickname "Bambi" because she looked like a deer stuck in the headlights while she was smoking crack.Stay tuned! If you ever would like me to discuss a topic or would like to be a guest, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-parenting after the end of a relationship can be a challenging proposition, yet it is possible to do so successfully by avoiding common mistakes. Dick’s guest is Dr. Ken Waldron, a Clinical Psychologist with over 40 years experience working with divorced families. He is also Author of several books, including “The Co-Parenting Workbook.”
Boomer, Warrener, and Pinder share their thoughts on the Flames' 5-2 victory over the Blackhawks (1:00).The Pinder Report recaps the night in sports (36:26) and Dave Dickenson discusses how the Stampeders are preparing for the Roughriders (54:08).Yahoo Sports Justin Cuthbert gives his takeaways from the Flames' first 20 games and the numbers behind their hot start (86:34). The views and opinions expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts and guests and do not necessarily reflect the position of Rogers Media Inc. or any affiliate.
In the final episode of the EFM Mega Pimping Mini Series Platoon Daddy Bacon and Sergeant C'Gar pay respect to one of the OG podcasts on the Creative Brain Candy Network; Smoking and Drinking in Space and Smoking and Drinking in Capes. As usual the Sergeants have to put their military twist so let them introduce Smoking and Drinking in Military where they cover the 1995 film Major Payne. https://creativebraincandy.com/show/smoking-and-drinking-in-space/ https://creativebraincandy.com/show/sadic/
Culture, and the prevalence of smoking within one's culture, can also be a factor. - Культурные особенности и распространение курения в рамках какой-либо культуры также могут стать причиной по которой люди начинают курить.
Amy took her daughter to see Garth Brooks for the first time and shares her unusual experience. Plus fun facts she learned from the show about Garth. Bobby asks Amy about the sketchy thing she says she saw outside of her kid's school that she thinks is unacceptable. Lunchbox thinks she's being crazy for thinking this! We play a game where Bobby gives us 3 actors from a 90's movie…we just have to name the movie! Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
In this week's episode, Abby takes us once again into the now declassified Government-funded program, Project Stargate. But this time the crew will be hearing a story about a man named David Morehouse, a decorated soldier who found himself in the remote viewing program during his time in the military and came away with some incredible accounts and lasting effects. Tune in for David Morehouse's unbelievable story and the insider details on the top-secret program. Credits:Psychic Warrior by David MorehouseEverything Imaginable Podcast Ep 303www.davidmorehouse.comHistorycollection.comMusic By:Brokeforfree.comMatt EdwardsEdited By:MichaelNetwork:www.theoracl3network.comWebsite:https://anxiousandafraid.com/Support the show by purchasing our merch!https://www.teepublic.com/stores/anxious-and-afraid-the-pod?ref_id=13121You can also support the show by becoming a Patreon!Join today and get early ad-free episode releases and a shout-out on the show as well as a cool sticker!https://www.patreon.com/anxiousandafraid
Mr Criminal Recording Artist , Rap artist,Actor OG and Big Villian manager stops by the Smoking with JoeThunder podcast with Elvis Freshleee bgood dispensary and Dj Cyn Mr Criminal talks about growing up in Southern California, getting into rap, wilding out chasing chicks , meeting Mr Capone-E, making a song with Nate Dogg, acting , netFlix movie Bright, and much much more Big Villian talks about growing up, getting into rap , meeting Mr Criminal
Rob and Bryant start out with LFD....who will prevail? Sophia from England stops by for an interview. Rob sucks at buying cars! Tabanero Cigars in Ybor City Florida For Cigars - Call The Leaf - 325-670-9955 Cigar Talk Patreons - To get our After Shows Become a Micallef Ambassador Case Elegance Humidors - Coin with Code: CIGARTALKCOIN Instagram Discord Weekly Football Picks --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/cigartalk/support
Smoking out the window is highly addictive. I find an equally offensive alternative to Guess the Ethnicity and Chef Elise finds something she's not good at. This podcast uses the following third-party services for analysis: Podtrac - https://analytics.podtrac.com/privacy-policy-gdrp
This week, #ELOsoFumarTakes is proud to bring you a very special #190thTake. Fall is a great season and in the premium cigar industry it brings forth some great annual traditions. For over a decade, Pete Johnson and the Tatuaje Cigars family have brought us - Monsters. This year we got to see the return of The Frank and the Monster Mash. The Smoking Syndicate's Ben Lee guest hosts as we welcome Pete back for one incredible dedicated #MONSTERTake! Enjoy! For this occasion, we will be spotlighting Gulfstream Guardian Angels Rottweiler Rescue thanks to Pete again! Please consider donating here: https://www.ggarr.org/Donate.shtml We kick things off discussing Formula One Racing, finding out more about Pete on every single take. We followed this up with an awesomeSean Connery impression contest. From there, regarding the recently released Monster Mash set we set down the journey that gave the premium cigar industry arguably its greatest annual series. https://cigar-coop.com/2021/08/cigar-news-tatuaje-monster-mash-introduced-at-2021-pca.html To the #ELOsoFumarTakes community, I have decided to take part in a survey that is aimed at capturing the influence of our podcast, in addition to other Cigar Industry media. I ask you, humbly, to take a few minutes and take part in this survey. Two major points: 1) No personal info will be asked for or given by you 2) THE GOAL: to see what, if any, influence and impact Cigar Media has on the way you, the consumer, views and takes part in this industry we love. It would honor me to hear and see your thoughts. Thank you in advance. Click here: https://tcu.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_1X1Pg1Jgp813LRr This is going to be one awesome #Take! Enjoy! Check us out! And Be sure to subscribe, download & review. Be sure to subscribe, download & review.
Chris Egan is back for his weekly visit to chat with Puck and Jim! Puck and Jim go head to head in Puck The Picker vs Jim's Smoking Lock of The Week, and we wrap things up with Ian Furness on Cross Talk!
Eric Ryle is back to talk submarines and whether or not Tom Clancy is still dead… Updates on the latest idiotic USS Connecticut theory and how the Russians were so concerned about what appeared to be litter on the ocean floor that they cleaned up a bunch of it, just to make everybody smile. Smoking cigarettes on Submarines used to be a thing. How Dave ended up as a C3 Poseidon FTB. Eric tells the communists some Top Secret stuff. As it turns out, Tom Clancy might have been Brietbarted over his book “The Hunt for Red October.” In any case, he is still dead…
Florida-based sports bar owner & CPA Ron McMillan, 61, was drinking 1.5 liters of Fireball Cinnamon Whiskey a day. And two packs of cigarettes a day. He knows that's a lot. But with a couple of simple tweeks, Ron has successfully quit drinking and smoking, despite being surrounded by drinkers and smokers all day. Learn how Ron embraced the sober life and how you can stop drinking, quit alcohol and live an alcohol free lifestyle. ★ - (Free Guide) The Alcohol Freedom Formula For Over 40s Entrepreneurs & Business Professionals: https://www.alcoholfreelifestyle.com/guide ★ - (Free 35-min Call) Book a complimentary booze-busting call with James's professional coaches to see if, or how, we can support you in your alcohol-free journey: https://www.alcoholfreelifestyle.com/schedule ★ - (Liver Cleanse) Natural supplements to support you on your alcohol-free journey: https://www.swanvitality.com/collections/all ★ - (Positive Shift Journal) The gratitude journal James designed to help his clients reduce stress and anxiety: positiveshiftjournal.com
Jonas, Brady and LaVar review Mac Jones' rookie season and think he landed in the perfect spot with New England. Meanwhile, the Matt Ryan era in Atlanta is coming to its end but can he start elsewhere? The guys wonder how cold LaVar Arrington will get in Cleveland as he's calling the Lions at Browns on FOX. Mel Tucker uses his leverage to get paid by Michigan State. Plus, smoking toad venom and taking punches from Mike Tyson on The Scraps. Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
Beers of the Week:- Pumpkin Pie Cheesecake - Weldwerks Brewing- Almond Toffee Brown - Finkel and Garf Brewing- Bud Light Lime - Anheuser-BuschMookie is out getting free food and booze tonight, so Scott, Mike, and Intern Christian hold things down. The fellas rip Christian's choice of drinking Bud Light Lime on the show before getting into overreactions from the NFL this week: The Niners are back. The Rams are washed. Mahomes is Mahomes again. Unfortunately, Brittany is back, too. Would you throw a pretzel at someone? The Bengals had the best bye week possible.It's Mike's favorite point of the college football season, with Notre Dame fans debating whether they want to see the team lose in the playoffs or win a meaningless bowl game. Plus, the guys dig into the petty that was the Baylor/Oklahoma ending.Scott is giddy about Carlos Correa's hot take about Derek Jeter, and Mike breaks down Carlos Baerga's insane pre-game ritual that was revealed this week. The fellas discuss the ridiculous event that is college meat judging, and take a deep dive into Mike Tyson's claims that smoking the venom of a poisonous frog killed him, and made him a better person.Be sure to check out friends of the show:Kong Beer Bong (craftbrewedsports.com/beerbong) will make sure you are the life of the party. Keep your beer cold in this koozie that converts to a beer bong in an instant. Order yours today.Beer Drop (craftbrewedsports.com/beerdrop) ships award winning craft beer directly to your doorstep. Sign up for a monthly plan, or shop all of the beers available at Beer Drop and get them shipped to you at a $5 flat rate. Morning Recovery (craftbrewedsports.com/hangover) guarantees that you'll wake up after a night of drinking more ready to take on your day. Use the code SPORTS at checkout for 20% off your non-subscription order.Dugout Mugs (dugoutmugs.com/craft) for one of a kind beer mugs and openers. Use our link for 15% off your entire order.
TDAgiantslayer@gmail.com 97X PODBEAN Apple Podcast webstix.com Tony Herman - the coolest cat on the net Code: wellbuilttda 15% off Here's a sharable link: https://wellbuiltsupplements.com/discount/wellbuilttda Daily Greens probiotic, vegan protein, whey protein, Digestive enzymes, Omega 3's, Performance energy, Performance BCCA's, Vitamins for men, Vitamins for women and a whole lot more. Right now I am pumping the greens and Pre-workout and loving them both… Heres a secret “I'm on them right now as I do my podcast”. revolution4fathers.com Jesus t-shirt! Giant slayer water bottles, hoodies, t shirts Man up shirts… on a cross changed my life youtube… check it out. Curse, cuss and crass words - can you use them King Xerxes - A younger Clint Eastwood Vashti - Angelina Jole Haman - sniveling arrogant and insecure Mordacai - an older Mel Gibson Esther - Smok'n King throws a 180 day celebration ending in a week long banquet. Vashti won't come and show off. The King scrubs her… she's out. His advisors go on a spree looking for the best looking virgins in the kingdom. Esther is one of them… but she is already ahead of the game. Everyone is taken by her beauty. The kings starts looking at virgins every night… if he is pleased with you he will ask you back the next night to play backgammon… uhm… probably not. He asks no one back until its Esthers turn… The King is slain, smitten and inebriated by her beauty. Thats it, she is the queen. Now Her uncle mordachai hears about a plot to kill the king and he tells Esther, She tells the king and he investigates and finds out its true. He kills the 2 plotting against him and thanks Esther and Mordachai. Now in time King X appoints Haman as his highest advisor. Haman is an ass… he loves the spotlight and insists that everyone bow to him when they are in his presence… But mordachai will not bow… he's not impressed, he could careless and will only bow to the Lord. And Haman has it out for him… in fact for all the jews so he trumps up a plan for the king to kill this little sect of people by allowing their enemies to kill them and take the land and the little they had. It is set in stone. But Mordachai finds out and tells Queen Esther… she knows she cannot approach the king unless he is willing to summon her or it could cost her her life. But he says such a time is this - this is why you are here. IN THE MEAN TIME… Haman builds a 70 foot gallows to hang Mordachi from… But that night the King has a bad dream and can't sleep. he tells one of his servants to bring the record book or history to him. As he reads it he again reads where it was recorded that Mordachi saved his life and he realizes he did not reward him. So the next morning he asks Haman what should I do to honor and man I greatly admire and want to honor. Haman says “oh put him in your robe with a crown on one of your horses and have a prince lead the horse with the man on it and shout this is what the King does to honor a great man whom he admires. King X says… great. get mordachi and do that….oh and you be the one to lead him and shout out this is what the king does to honor a great man whom he admires. Haman is sick with envy and hatred. So during this time esther has been throwing her own party for the king… and he is whipped. He tells Esther I will give you any thin you want up to half of my kingdom… she finally says… all I want is for my people to not be murrdered by this treacherous plan… the king realized it was Haman who had tricked him and he storms out of the party - now Haman is there at the party and he is scared out of his mind. He throws himself at Esther begging her to spare his life… but he is doing it in such a way that it looks like He is trying to molest her and the king walks back Dum Dum DUM dUUUUUUUUM Haman gets hanged at his own gallows. The king can't change his verdict to kill the jews but he does tell the jews they can defend themselves with weapons… Turns out the jews Kill all their enemies, gain land, wealth and respect… and Mordachai ends up serving the king in great honor for years to come. God sees where you are at - just keep honoring him and realize you are were you are at for a reason- and in due season you will be rewarded.
Mike Tyson says smoking venom from poisonous toads has changed his life (00:22:55), Iranian women's soccer team facing allegations their goalkeeper is a man (00:44:35), Activision/Blizzard in big trouble for sexual assault & Beanie Babies CEO to the rescue? (00:00:00) - Timestamps Cup of Coffee in the Big Time (00:06:30) - Fun Fact: Kylian Mbappe has assisted ⅘ of Karim Benzema's last goals for France (00:07:25) - Holidays: Petroleum Day & Homemade Bread Day (00:10:20) - This Day in History: Queen Elizabeth I (The Virgin Queen who liked to bang) (00:13:10) - Honorable Mentions: Stocks, Sports, Movies, Politics & McRib Hate (00:15:10) - #3 - Laura Ingraham has never heard of the show “You” (00:17:50) - #2 - Fortnite, Tiktok, SnapChat, Google Cloud, Twitch (00:22:55) - #1 - Mike Tyson says smoking “toad” has changed his life (00:29:25) - Well That's Fucked Up - Activision/Blizzard being sued for being a bunch of rapey bros in the workplace TikTok International Moment (00:44:35) - Iran - Iranian women's soccer goalkeeper accused of being a man (00:50:25) - Poland - Polish military using water cannons against migrants (00:52:40) - China - Large shipment of Beanie Babies stranded and their CEO is rescuing them (00:58:35) - The tale of Frank Towers and what he did inside the Minneapolis St. Paul International airport These stories, and much more, brought to you by our incredible sponsors: http://beanbox.com/hardfactorholiday - Give the coffee fanatic in your life an unforgettable coffee-tasting experience with Bean Box and get 15% off purchases of $40 or more. http://lightstream.com/factor - Get a special interest rate discount and save even more on a loan to consolidate your credit card debt http://trycaliper.com/factor - Get 20% off your first order of Caliper CBD when you use promo code FACTOR Predicit: Get up to $40 matched when you deposit at Predictit.org/promo/hardfactor40 and make money betting on politics! Go to store.hardfactor.com and patreon.com/hardfactor to support the pod with incredible merch and bonus podcasts Leave us a Voicemail at 512-270-1480, send us a voice memo to email@example.com, and/or leave a 5-Star review on Apple Podcasts to hear it on Friday's show Other Places to Listen: Spotify, Google Podcasts, Stitcher, Lots More... Watch Full Episodes on YouTube Follow @HardFactorNews on Instagram, Twitter, TikTok, and Facebook
Graffiti Bomber , Billboard crusher, traveling vandal Forms TKO stops by the Smoking with JoeThunder podcast with co host Elvis Freshleee bgood dispensary & Dj Cyn. Forms Oner stops by the Smoking with JoeThunder podcast and chops it up about how they still have Reggie use in Tx, about getting his name as a lil vato, getting into graffiti, starting off with markers graduating to the spray can... Killing billboards, going viral, making a name for his self, joining TKO , doing a roller across from the county jail and much much more .... Ig el_formsy joethunderpodcast dj_cyn elvis.freshleee
Puck and Jim give a huge thank you to Mike Howell of Eugene who allowed the fellas to park their cars in his driveway so they could attend the WSU vs Oregon football game. The duo recap Puck the Pucker vs Jim's Smoking Lock of the week and we wrap things up with Ian Furness on Cross Talk!
Today, I am blessed to have here with me, Dr. Amy Killen. She's Board Certified in Emergency Medicine with 10+ years of direct patient care; Dr. Killen has been practicing Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine for more than five years. Dr. Killen is fellowship-trained in Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine through the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine and has done extensive additional training in aesthetics, platelet-rich plasma and stem cells, hair restoration, bio-identical hormones, nutrition, fitness, and sexual health. Dr. Killen is the Medical Director of BioRestoration Medical, a busy clinic with a comprehensive, integrative approach to health located in Draper, Utah. She also works at Docere Medical in Park City, Utah, with Dr. Harry Adelson, providing cutting-edge regenerative medical treatments for a host of different conditions. Get Rapid Rebound: https://ketokamprebound.com/ In this episode, Dr. Amy Killen first talks about the contributing factors to stem cell exhaustion. We talk about what happens with our skin as we age and how we can combat some of the consequences of aging. Fasting can be a great way to produce more stem cells; Dr. Killen speaks about getting a healthy balance of autophagy and mTOR. Later, Dr. Killen discusses the importance of anti-aging and reveals why you need to ditch your antiseptic mouthwash. Tune in as we dive into the role of glucose on sexual function, the importance of peptides, and the benefits of red light therapy. Order Keto Flex: http://www.ketoflexbook.com -------------------------------------------------------- / / E P I S O D E S P ON S O R S PureForm Omega Plant Based Oils (Best Alternative to Fish Oil): http://www.purelifescience.com Use ben4 for $4.00 off. Upgraded Formulas Hair Mineral Deficiency Analysis & Supplements: http://www.upgradedformulas.com Use BEN10 at checkout for 10% off your order. Paleo Valley beef sticks, apple cider vinegar complex, organ meat complex & more. Use the coupon code KETOKAMP15 over at https://paleovalley.com/ to receive 15% off your entire order. Text me the words "Podcast" +1 (786) 364-5002 to be added to my contacts list. [00:45] Contributing Factors To Stem Cell Exhaustion Younger people have healthier stem cells. People who are just more just metabolically healthier are going to have healthier stem cells. The sicker you are, the sicker your stem cells are. Stem cells send out signals. As you age, your stem cells won't be able to send out as many signals. Chronic inflammation will also exhaust stem cells. Three major factors contribute to chronic inflammation: Stress Lack of exercise Smoking [03:45] What Is Happening To Our Skin As We Age Damage from the sun is going to cause spots on the skin. Some spots are also hormonal things like melasma, which you can get from hormonal changes. The number one thing you could do for your skin is actually to protect it from the sun. Getting burnt is not good for your skin. Regular sun exposure will cause DNA damage to the skin. Plus, it can contribute to faster aging. Dr. Killen says to put sunscreen on your face. [07:50] Getting A Healthy Balance of Autophagy and mTOR Through Fasting Even with a few hours of fasting, you can start to see increased stem cell production. With longer fasts, you will have more effects systemically on stem cells. With fasting, we see an increase in autophagy and cellular cleanup. The best part of fasting is that it's free! [12:15] Exercise For Anti-Aging: How Often and How Intense Should Your Workouts Be? You need at least three or four days of heavy lifting. Weights are really important for creating hormones like testosterone and growth hormones. Heavy lifting exercises should be at least thirty minutes to an hour. Plus, you should do thirty minutes of aerobic activity a day. [13:20] Antiseptic Mouthwash Is Bad For You: Dr. Killen Explains The Problem Antiseptic mouthwash kills the bacteria in the mouth. When there are no bacteria in your mouth, it prevents you from making nitric oxide from food. Nitric oxide is essential for sexual health and erections. If you're using antiseptic mouthwash and you're taking an antacid, it can decrease your sexual function. [19:00] The Role That High Glucose Levels Can Play on Your Sexual Function Glucose will create inflammation. You want to have good blood flow to your sexual organs. If you have chronic inflammation, then you will have a lack of blood flow going to your genitalia. Hormones like testosterone will also be affected by high sugar levels. [23:35] Peptides: Enhancing The Body's Ability To Protect and Repair Itself Peptide is just a fancy name for a short protein. There are now hundreds of peptides out there. Most of them come from proteins that we already have in our bodies. All of us can use a little bit of extra repair and recovery; peptides are great for that. Check out Rapid Rebound here: https://ketokamprebound.com/ Rapid Rebound is a unique formulation of BPC157, AOD, and Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) that works synergistically to enhance the body's ability to protect and repair itself so you can reach all of your performance goals. [32:55] The Benefits of Red Light Therapy Red light therapy will help with skin healing rejuvenation. We can see an increase in stem cell activation with red light and near-infrared light as well. Plus, there's the mitochondrial energy production that people always talk about with red light therapy. Red light therapy can have a lot of effects on stem cell production. Lastly, red lights feel great! AND MUCH MORE! Resources from this episode: Check out Dr. Amy Killen's Website: https://dramykillen.com/ Get Rapid Rebound: https://ketokamprebound.com/ Email Dr. Amy Killen: firstname.lastname@example.org Follow Dr. Amy Killen Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/dr.amybkillen/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DrAmyBKillen Twitter: https://twitter.com/dramybkillen Watch Dr. Amy Killen, Best Diet For Skin And Hair, Autophagy And Stem Cells: https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=253007075850765 Join the Keto Kamp Academy: https://ketokampacademy.com/7-day-trial-a Watch Keto Kamp on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUh_MOM621MvpW_HLtfkLyQ Order Keto Flex: http://www.ketoflexbook.com -------------------------------------------------------- / / E P I S O D E S P ON S O R S PureForm Omega Plant Based Oils (Best Alternative to Fish Oil): http://www.purelifescience.com Use ben4 for $4.00 off. Upgraded Formulas Hair Mineral Deficiency Analysis & Supplements: http://www.upgradedformulas.com Use BEN10 at checkout for 10% off your order. Paleo Valley beef sticks, apple cider vinegar complex, organ meat complex & more. Use the coupon code KETOKAMP15 over at https://paleovalley.com/ to receive 15% off your entire order. Text me the words "Podcast" +1 (786) 364-5002 to be added to my contacts list. *Some Links Are Affiliates* // F O L L O W ▸ instagram | @thebenazadi | http://bit.ly/2B1NXKW ▸ facebook | /thebenazadi | http://bit.ly/2BVvvW6 ▸ twitter | @thebenazadi http://bit.ly/2USE0so ▸clubhouse | @thebenazadi Disclaimer: This podcast is for information purposes only. Statements and views expressed on this podcast are not medical advice. This podcast including Ben Azadi disclaim responsibility from any possible adverse effects from the use of information contained herein. Opinions of guests are their own, and this podcast does not accept responsibility of statements made by guests. This podcast does not make any representations or warranties about guests qualifications or credibility. Individuals on this podcast may have a direct or non-direct interest in products or services referred to herein. If you think you have a medical problem, consult a licensed physician.
Today's episode will be the first in a series on the seven stages of Alzheimer's. For the first episode, we are going to be discussing what Alzheimer's is and what the common signs and symptoms are, and how it is being treated today. Then, we'll move on to a brief overview of the seven stages before taking an in-depth look at stages one and two. Now let's move on to the rest of the show. According to the Alzheimer's Association, Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. Symptoms eventually grow severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia, a general term for memory loss and other cognitive abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer's disease accounts for somewhere between 60 and 80 percent of dementia cases. Alzheimer's is a progressive disease. In most cases, symptoms worsen gradually over several years. After being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, a person usually lives anywhere from four to eight years, but in some cases, individuals have lived for over 20 years with Alzheimer's. Everyone experiences Alzheimer's differently. There are many different signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's that you should be aware of, especially if you are concerned that you or a loved one may be experiencing any of the symptoms. The Alzheimer's Association lists 10 early signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's that you should be on the lookout for. The first sign they suggest is memory loss that disrupts daily life. As we age, we may begin to forget things and not be able to easily recall information, like names or specific memories, but we may be able to recall the information later. Not being able to recall the information at all is an early sign of Alzheimer's. One example of this is your loved one asking the same question repeatedly because they don't remember asking it or hearing your answer. The second sign to look for is challenges in planning or problem solving. Trouble keeping track of finances or making a recipe they have made numerous times can both be examples of trouble planning or problem solving. Making the occasional mistake paying bills, however, is not an example of this. Mistakes happen but having an issue figuring out how to pay their bills or adding numbers may be a sign your loved one has Alzheimer's. Having difficulty completing familiar tasks is the third sign you should be looking for. Not remembering how to drive to a place your loved one has been to many times or not remembering how to write or organize their grocery list how they normally do can be an early sign of Alzheimer's. Another sign is being confused with times or places. Not knowing what day of the week it is can be an indicator that your loved one is confusing times or places, but it can also just be a normal sign of aging. Not knowing what season it is or not knowing where they are is mainly what we are referring to with this sign. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships is the fifth sign that the Alzheimer's Association lists. Vision problems unrelated to cataracts can be a sign of Alzheimer's. Having trouble judging distance or being unable to differentiate colors are both examples of this sign. These things can also make driving difficult and possibly unsafe for your loved one as well. Another early sign to look for is new problems with words in speaking or writing. Someone with Alzheimer's may have trouble following or continuing a conversation. They may forget words or the entire rest of their train of thought. Forgetting a word on its own may not be an early sign of Alzheimer's, but constantly forgetting words or using the wrong word may be a sign your loved one has Alzheimer's. The seventh sign is misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps. For this sign, your loved one will lose things and not be able to figure out how to work backwards to find them. Many people with Alzheimer's also tend to put items in unusual places, such as putting their keys in the freezer. As the disease progresses, they may even accuse others of stealing their things. Decreased or poor judgement is another early sign of Alzheimer's. Your loved one may begin to make poor decisions frequently, like not bathing regularly or taking care of themselves as well as they should and normally would do. Making one bad decision occasionally, like skipping a shower occasionally, or not filling up their car with gas when they should may not be an early sign of Alzheimer's, but repeated decisions like these can be. Another early sign of Alzheimer's is withdrawal from work or social activities. This sign goes along with forgetting words and having trouble with conversations. Having difficulties following a conversation may lead to having difficulties in social settings and your loved one may withdrawal from activities they once loved. Occasionally being disinterested in hobbies or visiting with friends or family is not a sign that you loved one is withdrawing from their social life. There are times when you yourself don't feel like being social and your loved one experiences times like those, as well. Continuously withdrawing from social situations is the sign you should be looking for in your loved one. The tenth and last sign that the Alzheimer's Association mentions is changes in mood and personality. Your loved one may experience moods more strongly than they once did. They may become easily upset when they are uncomfortable and lash out at their friends and loved ones. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms in your loved one, schedule an appointment with their doctor. They may be experiencing normal age-related symptoms and not symptoms of Alzheimer's or another dementia, but their doctor will be able to determine whether they are showing signs of Alzheimer's. Early detection and diagnosis of Alzheimer's can help their doctor develop a treatment plan that will allow your loved one to maintain their independence longer and help control some of the symptoms right away, making their day-to-day life easier. Some symptoms of Alzheimer's disease may seem like they are just signs of the normal aging process, but they are not. Increasing age is a risk factor of Alzheimer's, but age itself is not a cause of Alzheimer's. Most cases of Alzheimer's happen after age 65, but some happen before that age. Alzheimer's that happens before age 65 is called younger-onset or early-onset Alzheimer's. Individuals diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer's can be in any of the seven stages of Alzheimer's at the time of their diagnosis. As we said previously, early detection of Alzheimer's is crucial. The earlier someone is diagnosed, the faster they can start treatment and get back to enjoying their lives and time with their loved ones. Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer's, but there are a few ways that doctors can treat the symptoms. A new drug called aducanumab has recently been approved by the FDA to be used to address the underlying biology of Alzheimer's disease. This drug is a treatment and not a cure. According to the Alzheimer's Association, it is the first therapy to demonstrate that removing amyloid, one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, from the brain is reasonably likely to reduce cognitive and functional decline in people living with early Alzheimer's. Approval of this therapy underscores the importance of early detection and accurate diagnosis. Treatment with aducanumab should be initiated in patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia stage of disease, the population in which treatment was initiated in clinical trials. Aducanumab was studied in people living with early Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's who showed evidence of a buildup of amyloid plaques in the brain. Because of this, this treatment has not yet been recommended for individuals with middle or end stage Alzheimer's. Other medications treat the symptoms of Alzheimer's, but not the underlying biology, like aducanumab does. There are medications that help treat cognitive issues, like memory problems, and there are medications that help with behavioral and psychological problems. There are also several clinical trials going on to help improve both memory problems and behavioral and psychological problems due to Alzheimer's. There are also alternative treatment plans that don't require medication. Some supplements and foods may help improve the symptoms of Alzheimer's. A fairly new idea that we recently talked about in a Quick Tips episode is a Dementia Friendly Community. These communities make it safer for those living with dementia to maintain their independence and help them be a part of society after they have been diagnosed with Alzheimer's. To learn more about treatments for Alzheimer's, talk to your doctor today. They can go over treatment options and recommend a best course of action. You can also call the Alzheimer's Association 24/7 helpline for any questions you may have regarding Alzheimer's disease. They can be reached at 1-800-272-3900. Now that we've discussed what Alzheimer's is, what some of the signs and symptoms to look for are, and how it is currently being treated, let's move on to a brief overview of the seven stages of Alzheimer's. You may be familiar with the three most commonly referred to stages of Alzheimer's, the beginning, middle, and end stages, but today we are going to be expanding upon those and talking about all seven stages of Alzheimer's. The Global Deterioration Scale for Assessment of Primary Degenerative Dementia, which is what we are referring to as the seven-stage model of Alzheimer's disease progression, was created by Dr. Barry Reisberg to provide caregivers an overview of the stages of cognitive function for those suffering from a primary degenerative dementia such as Alzheimer's disease. The first stage is referred to as no impairment or before symptoms appear. Changes in the brain are happening during this stage, but no noticeable signs or symptoms will be seen. Because there are no signs or symptoms during this stage, people are not normally diagnosed during stage one. Dr. Wolk, co-director of the Penn Memory Center states that “this time period — often called ‘pre-clinical Alzheimer's disease' — likely begins 10 or 15 years before people have symptoms. Currently, there is no treatment for this pre-clinical stage, but we hope in the future that we will have medicines that can halt the progress before people have symptoms and prevent the disease.” The second stage of Alzheimer's tends to show up as a very mild decline in cognitive health. According to Senior Link, in this stage, a person with Alzheimer's disease begins to experience the typical forgetfulness associated with aging. They may forget where they left their car keys or their purse. These symptoms are typically not yet noticed by the individual's family members or physician. The third stage of dementia shows noticeable memory difficulties and is sometimes referred to as a mild decline. Dr. Wolk explains that “for many, this stage brings noticeable changes, and it will become harder to blame age. It's common to be diagnosed in this stage, because this is when a person's daily routine becomes more disrupted.” These first three stages usually occur prior to a diagnosis. An early diagnosis is usually made in stage three, with early-stage dementia being stage four. Stage four is known as moderate cognitive decline and, as we just said, is what is usually referred to as early-stage dementia. According to Dr. Wolk, in this stage, damage to the brain often involves other aspects of cognition outside of memory, including some difficulty with language, organization, and calculations. These problems can make it more challenging for your loved one to perform daily tasks. Because of the damage to the brain cells, your loved one may also experience other personality changes, such as feeling suspicious of others, having less interest in things, or feeling depressed. These kinds of symptoms can often be improved with medications. Stages five and six make up mid-stage dementia. Stage five is known as moderately severe cognitive decline or decreased independence. According to the Premiere Neurology Center, from stages one through four, most people will continue to maintain their independence with only minor challenges. However, during stage 5, independence becomes harder since they begin to forget close friends and family, struggle to learn new skills, and may forget to perform basic tasks, like getting dressed. Additionally, emotional changes are also frequently seen during this stage. This can cause hallucinations, delusions, and/or paranoia. With stage six comes severe symptoms or severe cognitive decline. Dr. Wolk says that living on your own requires you to be able to respond to your environment, like knowing what to do if the fire alarm goes off or the phone rings. During stage six, this becomes difficult for people with Alzheimer's. Your loved one will be experiencing more significant symptoms at this time, which will impact their ability to manage their own care and they will be more dependent on others. Late or end stage dementia is also known as stage seven - very severe cognitive decline or a lack of physical control. The Premiere Neurology Center says that the final stage of Alzheimer's disease is when the brain has sustained so much damage that it fails to communicate with other parts of the body, causing mental and physical impairment. During this final stage, people require around the clock care and assistance for even the most basic parts of their daily routine. Now that you know what the seven stages of Alzheimer's are, let's take a closer look at stages one and two. Stage one is the preclinical Alzheimer's stage or the no impairment stage. Most people are not diagnosed during this stage, but it isn't impossible to be diagnosed during stage one. According to Healthline, you may only know about your risk for Alzheimer's disease due to family history or your doctor may identify biomarkers that indicate your risk. Your doctor will interview you about memory problems if you're at risk for Alzheimer's, but there will be no noticeable symptoms during the first stage, which can last for years or decades. Changes in the brain can happen up to fifteen years before any signs or symptoms of Alzheimer's even develop. While Alzheimer's may be undetectable in stage one, knowing the risk factors of Alzheimer's can help you spot signs and symptoms as soon as they appear, and as we have said a few times today, the earlier you can diagnosis Alzheimer's, the better. Age, gender, genetics, family history, head trauma, brain abnormalities, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, limited physical activity, lack of mental activity, and a poor diet are all risk factors for Alzheimer's disease. According to Healthline, Alzheimer's is not a normal part of growing older. However, age is a risk factor for developing this condition. One in nine people over age 65 and one in three people over 85 have Alzheimer's. Women are one and half to three times more likely to develop Alzheimer's than men. Healthline also states that Researchers have found two classes of genes related to Alzheimer's. Deterministic genes guarantee that people will develop the disease if they live long enough. Usually, people with deterministic genes will develop Alzheimer's in their 30s, 40s, or 50s. The Mayo Clinic estimates that these genes caused the condition in about five percent of people with Alzheimer's. People with risk genes may or may not develop the disease. However, they are more likely to develop Alzheimer's than people without risk genes. If your family has a history of Alzheimer's, you are also at a higher risk. The more family members you have had that had Alzheimer's disease, the higher your risk will be, as well. Researchers have found that if you have had serious head injuries you are also at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Healthline states that the risk increases if the injury involves losing consciousness or happens repeatedly, such as in contact sports. Along with head trauma, scientists have identified brain abnormalities in people who are likely to later develop Alzheimer's. One is the presence of tiny clumps of protein, also known as plaques. The other is twisted protein strands, or tangles. Inflammation, tissue shrinkage, and loss of connection between brain cells are other clues that Alzheimer's may develop. Smoking can also increase your risk of developing Alzheimer's, as well as numerous other health problems. High blood pressure is another risk factor tied to Alzheimer's. Researchers have found an especially strong correlation between high blood pressure at middle age and the chances of later developing the disease. Both obesity and limited physical activity increase your risk of Alzheimer's. Being overweight can double your risk. An article published in Maturitas, an international journal of midlife health and beyond found that exercising twice a week during midlife may lower your risk of developing Alzheimer's. Lack of mental activity is another risk factor for Alzheimer's. When we challenge our mental capabilities by trying new things and learning new things, playing an instrument, or doing other activities that use our minds, we create internal connections that can help protect against dementia. Lastly, a poor diet can be a risk factor of Alzheimer's. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables and other healthy foods can help lower your risk of developing Alzheimer's later in life. Developing healthy habits early on can help you live a longer and healthier life overall. Now that we've taken a closer look at stage one and some things to look out for while you're younger, let's move on to stage two. With stage two comes some signs and symptoms that were not visible during stage one. According to Alzheimer's dot net, the senior may notice minor memory problems or lose things around the house, although not to the point where the memory loss can easily be distinguished from normal age-related memory loss. The person will still do well on memory tests and the disease is unlikely to be detected by loved ones or physicians. Healthline says that Alzheimer's disease affects mainly older adults, over the age of 65 years. At this age, it's common to have slight functional difficulties like forgetfulness. But for stage 2 Alzheimer's, the decline will happen at a greater rate than similarly aged people without Alzheimer's. For example, they may forget familiar words, a family member's name, or where they placed something. During this stage, a loved one may notice symptoms, but not usually the person with Alzheimer's. If you recognize any cognitive decline in your loved one, talk to them about scheduling an appointment with their doctor. In the next episode in our series we will dive into the next stage of Alzheimer's, which is stage three, noticeable memory difficulties. If you are interested in learning more about Alzheimer's before the next episode airs, visit our YouTube channel where you can find an entire playlist dedicated Alzheimer's and dementia. You can also check out the show notes for this episode for resources we used during this episode. We want to say thank you for joining us here at All Home Care Matters, All Home Care Matters is here for you and to help families as they navigate these long-term care issues. Please visit us at allhomecarematters.com there is a private secure fillable form there where you can give us feedback, show ideas, or if you have questions. Every form is read and responded to. If you know someone who could benefit from this episode, please make sure to share it with them. Remember, you can listen to the show on any of your favorite podcast streaming platforms and watch the show on our YouTube channel and make sure to hit that subscribe button, so you'll never miss an episode. We look forward to seeing you next time on All Home Care Matters, thank you. Sources: https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/stages https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/10_signs https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-alzheimers https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-are-signs-alzheimers-disease https://www.pennmedicine.org/updates/blogs/neuroscience-blog/2019/november/stages-of-alzheimers https://www.alzheimers.net/stages-of-alzheimers-disease https://www.seniorlink.com/blog/the-7-stages-of-alzheimers https://premierneurologycenter.com/blog/the-7-stages-of-alzheimers-disease/ https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/treatments/aducanumab https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/treatments https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/treatments/medications-for-memory https://www.fhca.org/members/qi/clinadmin/global.pdf https://www.healthline.com/health/stages-progression-alzheimers#stage1 https://www.healthline.com/health/alzheimers-disease-risk-factors https://www.maturitas.org/article/S0378-5122(09)00469-1/fulltext
Another great guest this week, we have Joe from the "Hippy Speedball Podcast" coming through to hang with your boy for a bit. What is a Hippy Speedball? You might be asking yourself. Well the answer to that question and many more laughs coming your way. Join us as we chat about podcasting, cannabis, movies and so much more. Also, all you CBD users head on over to www.chillfrogcbd.com and use PROMO CODE: OOPS30 (ALL CAPS) TO GET 30% OFF YOUR ORDER!! DON'T MISS OUT ON THIS GREAT DEAL!!Follow Joe and the Hippy Speedball Podcast here:Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/hippyspeedballpodcastYouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/HippySpeedballPodcastALSO CHECK THE "HIPPY SPEEDBALL PODCAST ON YOUR FAVORITE PODCAST PLATFORMSFor New Episodes and Funny Videos follow "Oops Caught Me Smoking" Instagram: www.instagram.com/oopscaughtmesmokingTwitter: www.twitter.com/ocms_podcastFacebook: www.facebook.com/oopscaughtmesmoking YouTube: www.youtube.com/c/oopscaughtmesmokingTikTok: www.tiktok.com/@oopscaughtmesmokingTheWeedTube: www.theweedtube.com/user/oopscaughtmesmokingSupport the show (https://www.buymeacoffee.com/ocmspodcast)
Don't remember planting these... harborpodcast.com For mature audiences only, listener discretion advised. Content Warnings: Burn Scarring, Mentions of Sexual Harassment, Smoking, Coarse Language, PTSD Symptoms, Car Speeding, Mentions of Gore, Unsolicited Touch, Mentions of Forced Drugging, Concepts of Police Brutality. CAST Al - Faraday Roke, Becker - Cory Moosman, Narrator - Kiarra Osakue, Samson - Z Reklaw, J - Joseph Rothorn, Harold - Chef Goldblum, William - Jonathan Hallowell, Crux - John Peacock, Valen - Samantha Weiler, Roose - Jacque Reiman, Mia - Erin M. Banta, Kevin - Brendan Kane, Glenda -Gretchen Ho. CREW Script Editor, Jacque Reiman. Assistant Director and Script Editor, Joseph Rothorn. Written, Directed, and Edited by Faraday Roke. Harbor is a production of Tartarus Jenny Studios. Thanks so much for listening to the show. Wanna help us out? Write a review! We also have some spiffy merch at our website, harborpodcast.com, as well as a donation link. And of course, please tell your friends, family, good-natured weirdos, and local cryptids about us- each new ear is a great gift. Stay kind! Opening Music: Five Tribes by Hunter Quinn. Playout Music: Heads May Roll by Walt Adams Thanks to Epidemic Sound.
Jonah goes fishing, Bern deals with new arrivals, and Polly leads the way. The theme of tonight's episode is Maps. (To avoid spoilers, content warnings are listed at the end of this episode description). The bonus story that goes with this episode is ‘Super Spy', and is available for Hallowoods patrons on the show's Patreon, along with behind-the-scenes, exclusive merchandise, and more! Because the show runs without ads or sponsors, we rely on support from fans to guarantee the survival of this LGBTQ+ horror podcast. Hello From The Hallowoods is written and produced by William A. Wellman, a queer horror author and writing coach. You can visit their website for more information! The transcript for this episode is available on the Hello From The Hallowoods Website. Click here to read! You can also find Hello From The Hallowoods on social media! The show is on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter at @thehallowoods. If you'd like to connect with other fans of the show, there's even a fan-run Discord Server! Music for this episode was used under license from Artlist.com. The soundtracks featured were: ‘Forest Overture', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Retrospecting', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Cascade', by Kyle Preston, ‘The Weight', by Kneelio, ‘Zircon', by Ottom, ‘White Dream', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Lost Years', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘Don't Mind the Rain', by the Oriole Orchestra (public domain), ‘Outbreak', by Charlie Ryan, ‘Angst', by Jan Baars, ‘Ganymede', by Yehezkel Raz, ‘My Right Foot', by Tamuz Dekel, ‘Metamorphosis', by The Bows, ‘Exhale', by Salt of the Sound, and ‘Farewell', by Maya Belsitzman and Matan Ephrat Content warnings for this episode include: Animal death (Heidi, Bert as usual), Violence, Death + Injury, Birds, Static (including sfx), Smoking, Electrocution
Today Jen, Ed and Aaron and The Aussie are celebrating the Ash Holes 5 year Anniversary. They are smoking the are smoking the New Garofalo La Famiglia, our Top 5 some delightful news and Ash Hole of the week. #TAH #Cigars #UnitedPodcastNetwork #Studio21PodcastCafe Follow Us On: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AshHolesRadio YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCeDdSI6hO2-nYVkvdKlc3gQ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ashholesradio/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheAshHoles Listen to Us on: theashholes.podbean.com or anywhere you listen to your favorite podcasts Join us as we broadcast live on location from Studio 21 Podcast Cafe high above Two Guys Smoke Shop in Salem, New Hampshire on the United Podcast Network, every Tuesday @ 4pm.
Krysta Jones creator owner THC Girls, Bradleigh 2.0, Devenie & Dixayla excutibe VIP THC girls stops by the Smoking with JoeThunder podcast with ElvisFreshleee bgood dispensary &Dj Cyn if it ain't bgood it's no good!! This podcast we sit down with Krysta Jones creator owner THC Girls, Devenie & Dixayla excutibe VIP THC girls. We talk about all kinds of subjects
Some friends gather and smoke at a doorway in a city. There's Malik, and Johnny Cash, and Lefty, and Jësus. And the poet, Major Jackson. They've known each other their whole lives, and they wonder who they'll turn out to be. In a moment of disclosure, Major tells his friends he wants to be a poet, astonishing them, and himself too it seems. In friendship and ribbing, in desire and teasing, this poem wonders who a person is, and what it means to hope.Major Jackson is the author of five books of poetry, including The Absurd Man (2020), Roll Deep (2015), Holding Company (2010), Hoops (2006) and Leaving Saturn (2002), which won the Cave Canem Poetry Prize for a first book of poems. Major Jackson lives in Nashville, Tennessee where he is the Gertrude Conaway Vanderbilt Chair in the Humanities at Vanderbilt University. He serves as the Poetry Editor of The Harvard Review.Find the transcript for this show at onbeing.org.