Son of a prince, king, queen, emperor or empress, or other high-ranking person (such as a grand duke)
The Gators got up early and put together a workmanlike win over Missouri on Homecoming, and as they head to the back half of the season, a night game in The Swamp against a different breed of tiger looms large. On today's show, host Adam Schick fires up the roundtable with “The Voice of the Gators” Sean Kelley and FloridaGators.com senior writers Scott Carter and Chris Harry to discuss how the job was done against Mizzou, progress on penalties, the strength of the running game, the challenges posed by LSU, the return of Mick Hubert as Mr. Two Bits, the first-ever Tom Petty night and the hotly debated state of roughing the passer calls in the NFL (1:53). Then, defensive lineman Princely joins the show to discuss his Nigerian roots, what led him from Texas to Florida and the fresh state of mind instilled by Coach Napier (34:28). Please subscribe and leave a review if you like what you hear and for more information, visit FloridaGators.com/GatorTales.
This episode we return to the Lanercost Chronicle (and a bit of Capgrave's Chronicle) to get some serious history concerning the fall of the last native prince of Wales, before getting some a less serious dinner party anecdote about a couple of monkeys. Much hand-wringing is also given to the appropriate pronunciation of the name Llewellyn/Llywelyn. Today's Text - The Chronicle of Lanercost: 1272–1346. Translated by Herbert Maxwell, James Maclehose and Sons, 1913. (Available at archive.org.) - Capgrave, John. The Chronicle of England. Edited by Francis Charles Hingeston, Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1858. Google Books. Audio credit: "The Monkeys." The Kids in the Hall, season 5, episode 12, Broadway Video International, 8 Feb. 1995.
Good Morning Monaco WEDNESDAY JUNE 29, 2022 published by NEWS.MC Subscribe to our daily email newsletter Mayor of Nice adds to fears of Health Pass from August Christian Estrosi, the Mayor of Nice with an opinion on all matters, large and small, has offered his support to France's health minister... France working on contingency energy plans France is working on contingency plans for cuts to Russian gas flows as top bosses at energy companies urge individuals and businesses to reduce power use... Fireworks contest cancelled after 55 years The International Fireworks Competition has been a mainstay of the summer months in Monaco for many years. However, due to environmental concerns... Another triumph for Monaco's Tuiga Tuiga, the flagship of the Monaco Yacht Club, on Sunday won first place Overall of the IX Principality of Monaco Trophy le Vele d'Epoca in Laguna Bnl-Bnp Paribas Wealth Management Cup... Explorer Prince Collection celebrates Prince Albert 1 Partners in business and good friends Leticia de Massy, who is related to the Princely family, and Charlotte de Pariente, originally from Paris, have created a new special edition of Monoïkos 1297 devoted to Prince Albert 1... DULY NOTED: Coronavirus in France: 147,248 new cases and 37 new deaths were recorded on Tuesday, June 28. While deaths were slightly down, the number of new cases is up very sharply. Copyright © 2020 NEWS SARL. All rights reserved. North East West South (NEWS) SARL. RCI: 20S08518 - NIS: 6312Z21974 --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/monacodailynews/message
Chapter 11: Protest Of The Princes. --- All humanity is now involved in a great controversy between Christ and Satan regarding the character of God, His law, and His sovereignty over the universe. This conflict originated in heaven when a created being, endowed with freedom of choice, in self-exaltation became Satan, God's adversary, and led into rebellion a portion of the angels. He introduced the spirit of rebellion into this world when he led Adam and Eve into sin. This human sin resulted in the distortion of the image of God in humanity, the disordering of the created world, and its eventual devastation at the time of the global flood, as presented in the historical account of Genesis 1-11. Observed by the whole creation, this world became the arena of the universal conflict, out of which the God of love will ultimately be vindicated. To assist His people in this controversy, Christ sends the Holy Spirit and the loyal angels to guide, protect, and sustain them in the way of salvation. --- Has this book touched your spirit? Are you interested in making a profound life change? Let us know today! Text "ADD," plus your name, over to us to our text line at (561) 468-3873 if you're interested in bible study, prayer requests, or baptism. We look forward to hearing from you! --- God be praised, His Word is now available for download on both iPhone and Android! The Bible: APPLE | ANDROID. Ellen G. White's Writings: APPLE | ANDROID. Sabbath School Quarterly: APPLE | ANDROID. --- Bring all your tithes into the storehouse! We now accept tithes and offerings via Cash App [$DOZChurch]. --- For even more content, subscribe to our YouTube Channel, follow us on Facebook and Instagram [@DOZChurch], and visit us at DOZSDA.COM!
Florida Gators DE Princely Umanmielen is expected to take on a starting role on this Billy Napier, Patrick Toney, and Sean Spencer defense opposite Brenton Cox Jr. now that Zachary Carter has entered is headed for the NFL. Princely Umanmielen joins Locked On Gators to talk about his role as a pass-rusher in Patrick Toney's defense, the differences between Billy Napier and Dan Mullen, and so much more. Support Us By Supporting Our Sponsors! Built Bar Built Bar is a protein bar that tastes like a candy bar. Go to builtbar.com and use promo code “LOCKED15,” and you'll get 15% off your next order. BetOnline BetOnline.net has you covered this season with more props, odds and lines than ever before. BetOnline – Where The Game Starts! Rock Auto Amazing selection. Reliably low prices. All the parts your car will ever need. Visit RockAuto.com and tell them Locked On sent you. Athletic Greens Athletic Greens is going to give you a FREE 1 year supply of immune-supporting Vitamin D AND 5 FREE travel packs with your first purchase. All you have to do is visit athleticgreens.com/COLLEGE. Florida Gators DE Princely Umanmielen Interview - Billy Napier Differences, Defensive Scheme Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
NEW STUDY - The "grand finale" of the Lord's seven cross-sayings is full of electrying power and will give you spiritual heartburn for sure! We not only discuss the Lord's great, "It is finished" declaration and all that was included in His declaration, but we point out the four times when God declared - or yet will declare - the completion of His various works (i.e., His creative work, His redemptive work, His judgment work, and His re-creative work)! We also talk about how Jesus Himself was not finished at all - in fact, part of the joy set before Him while He endured the pain and shame of the cross was the anticipation of the many "new beginnings" He had before Him! In His seventh and final cross-saying, which was again a prayer (and one that showed He was again united spiritually with His Father), was filled with both Human submission and faith and Divine authority! No one took His life from Him - He dismissed His own spirit into His Father's care as a King would dismiss a servant! Again, His death (like everything in His life) proved He was Who He claimed to be - the very Son of the Living God! The fantastic series of miracles that accompanied the moment of His death - and the resurrection of dead saints from their graves on Resurrection Sunday (after Christ's bodily resurrection) - all again served the purpose of testifying to the truth that "Surely, He IS the Son of God" (did the Roman centurion get saved? It certainly seems so)! By the way, you don't want to miss hearing about the significance of the Temple veil renting in two right as Christ royally bowed His head and gave up His own spirit.
The Florida Gators football team is working under new Head Coach Billy Napier to determine who their best option is as both a punt and kick returner with Gamechanger Coordinator Chris Couch. The Florida Gators have options such as Fenley Graham, the recently converted defensive back to wide receiver in the mold of Jamal Agnew, and Lorenzo Lingard that Head Coach Billy Napier and Gamechanger Coordinator Chris Couch could choose from. Princely Umanmielen has been expected to replace Zachary Carter on the Florida Gators defensive line under new Head Coach Billy Napier and co-defensive coordinators Patrick Toney and Sean Spencer. Florida Gators Defensive Lineman Princely Umanmielen joins Locked On Gators and Brandon Olsen to discuss what motivates him to play football. Support Us By Supporting Our Sponsors! Built Bar Built Bar is a protein bar that tastes like a candy bar. Go to builtbar.com and use promo code “LOCKED15,” and you'll get 15% off your next order. BetOnline BetOnline.net has you covered this season with more props, odds and lines than ever before. BetOnline – Where The Game Starts! Rock Auto Amazing selection. Reliably low prices. All the parts your car will ever need. Visit RockAuto.com and tell them Locked On sent you. StatHero StatHero is reshaping the way the way you play fantasy sports. Dozens of house based games to play daily. No sharks, no funky props, just your skill vs the lineups you choose. Sign-up today at StatHero.com/LockedOn Athletic Greens Athletic Greens is going to give you a FREE 1 year supply of immune-supporting Vitamin D AND 5 FREE travel packs with your first purchase. All you have to do is visit athleticgreens.com/COLLEGE. Florida Gators Football Return Specialist - Fenley Graham Jr? Princely Umanmielen Interview Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
The Florida Gators football team is in the midst of spring practice for the first time under new Head Coach Billy Napier, Offensive Coordinator Rob Sale, and Co-Defensive Coordinators Patrick Toney and Sean Spencer. Rumor out of Florida Gators sprince practice is that Anthony Richardson has seperated himself as the starting quarterback of the Florida Gators with Jack Miller III and Carlos Del Rio Wilson battling for the backup quarterback job. The Florida Gators football team has a defense that many have high expectations for under the leadership of co-defensive coordinators Patrick Toney and Sean Spencer. Princely Umanmielen is expected to be a key piece to this Patrick Toney and Sean Spencer defense but what exactly will his role be? Brandon Olsen of the Locked On Gators Podcast sits down with Princely Umanmielen to discuss his recruitment to the Florida Gators, his role in this Patrick Toney and Sean Spencer defense, and the differences of this Florida Gators football team under new Head Coach Billy Napier compared to former Head Coach Dan Mullen. Support Us By Supporting Our Sponsors! Built Bar Built Bar is a protein bar that tastes like a candy bar. Go to builtbar.com and use promo code “LOCKED15,” and you'll get 15% off your next order. BetOnline BetOnline.net has you covered this season with more props, odds and lines than ever before. BetOnline – Where The Game Starts! Rock Auto Amazing selection. Reliably low prices. All the parts your car will ever need. Visit RockAuto.com and tell them Locked On sent you. StatHero StatHero is reshaping the way the way you play fantasy sports. Dozens of house based games to play daily. No sharks, no funky props, just your skill vs the lineups you choose. Sign-up today at StatHero.com/LockedOn Athletic Greens Athletic Greens is going to give you a FREE 1 year supply of immune-supporting Vitamin D AND 5 FREE travel packs with your first purchase. All you have to do is visit athleticgreens.com/COLLEGE. Florida Gators Football Spring Practice Notes , Princely Umanmielen Interview Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Welcome listeners, to your double episode of Tales from Tibet, otherwise known as Tibetan Wonders. Your first tale shares a story of a cruel Khan softened by the love of a parent, and the innocence of a barber. Even the Khan icy heart can melt, and this tale share such a way. Whilst your second story is all about Princely courage, inner strength, vigour, selflessness, and sure will to do the right thing. A prince, that gives back to his people, in The Prince with the Golden Mouth. This episode is narrated in an audiobook format, so minus the audio background, let me know what you think! Enjoy!
ICYMI: The Mo'Kelly Show Presents – An incredible “Best Of” episode revisiting Mo's in-depth conversation with Musician Morris Day of the iconic band ‘Morris Day and The Time'; regarding his TV One life story told in the hit series ‘Unsung' as well as his memoir “On Time…A Princely Life In Funk”; which looks back on a life of turbulence and triumph, centering around his lifelong relationship and association with Prince on KFI AM 640 – Live everywhere on the iHeartRadio app
Was Machiavelli an evil mastermind? A Svengali manipulator and corrupter of princes, worthy of the contemporary descriptor "Machiavellian"? Was he, rather, the first political scientist - an empiricist and pragmatist simply describing what he saw as the way things were? Or was he, simply, a politician? Today on MindMatters we discuss Machiavelli's short classic, The Prince. So join us as we try to make sense of the world of princely politics and the relevance of Machiavelli's work today. The...
Was Machiavelli an evil mastermind? A Svengali manipulator and corrupter of princes, worthy of the contemporary descriptor "Machiavellian"? Was he, rather, the first political scientist - an empiricist and pragmatist simply describing what he saw as the way things were? Or was he, simply, a politician? Today on MindMatters we discuss Machiavelli's short classic, The Prince. So join us as we try to make sense of the world of princely politics and the relevance of Machiavelli's work today. The times may have changed, but politics not so much - which suggests that perhaps Machiavelli was on to something.
Prince Charles' Foundation will be investigated… The Metropolitan Police has announced it will investigate claims Prince Charles' charity offered honours help to a Saudi citizen. Royal Correspondent, Nicholas Witchell, talks us through the latest, as well as the reaction to Prince Andrew's settlement and his future in public life. And Fergus Walsh joins Adam to chat through the news that the four UK nations will be offering covid jabs to children aged 5 to 11. Today's Newscast was made by John Murphy with Georgia Coan and Alix Pickles. The studio director was Michael Regaard. The assistant editor was Sam Bonham.
Is Will Smith's Welcome to Earth Fresh and Princely, or does it need to be Neuralized by Agent J? Where would you like to explore on earth? What are your thoughts now that Mando is back in the Book of Boba Fett? Join us tonight as we celebrate 50 episodes of the Plus Platoon! The Plus Platoon is a live weekly Disney+ Fan Podcast. If you like our podcast, please subscribe and leave us a 5-star review on Apple Podcasts. Our podcast is also available on Pocket Casts, Spotify, and most other major podcast providers. You can also like and follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter @PlusPlatoon. If you have suggestions for shows to watch, e-mail us at PlusPlatoon@gmail.com . Please subscribe to our YouTube channel at: http://youtube.com/plusplatoon Please review and subscribe to our podcast on the following platforms (or most major podcast providers): Apple Podcasts: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/plus-platoon/id1583104072 Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/6n082qbxGMr5yZpb3iWiKy Stitcher: https://www.stitcher.com/show/plus-platoon Google Podcasts: https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9wbHVzLXBsYXRvb24uY2FzdG9zLmNvbS9mZWVk Amazon Music: https://music.amazon.com/podcasts/e2826cf7-807d-4ae2-84df-0c5cf9396c93/plus-platoon
This week, our underwear drawers are in disarray: visible thongs are making a comeback and we're even wearing underwired bras again. Is 2022 the year of uncomfy undies? Speaking of uncomfortable, we're also talking about a Princely teddy bear collection, and whether it's ever possible to separate the art from the artist when it comes to problematic people. Plus, Frankie's being snack-shamed by her toddler while Charlie's in raptures over Goldblum and MacLachlan on the Prada catwalk... To hear more from us, sign up at TheWingwoman.co.uk to receive our free newsletter. Or get in touch with any questions or feedback at email@example.com. Links from the episode: Thongs are back - and Gen Z love them - Harriet Walker, The Times Uh, Prince Andrew has a teddy bear collection? - Mia Mercado, The Cut A possible sex offender doesn't look good on a commemorative tea towel - Tanya Gold, The New York Times The undoing of Joss Whedon - Lila Shapiro, New York Magazine
The Book of Exodus (Episode #67) The 40 chapters of Exodus begin with the Children of Israel in slavery to Egypt. Enter Moses! From his Princely upbringing in Pharaoh's Palace to a Fugitive in Midian to his return to Egypt as God's Deliverer, Moses is center stage in the book of Exodus! Let this week's podcast help you become informed, aware and confident in this 2nd book of the Bible. Here is a link to the study notes for the Book of Exodus. Exodus Study Notes If the link above doesn't work for you, you can find the Study Notes for all episodes on our website at Whittington.org (scroll to bottom of the Home page). Additional resources can be found on the 24 Minute Facebook page. You may also contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Psalm for the WeekPsalm 110:1-4The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand,until I make your enemies your footstool.”The Lord will send the scepter of your power out of Zion,saying, “Rule over your enemies round about you.Princely state has been yours from the day of your birth;in the beauty of holiness have begotten you, like dew from the womb of the morning.”The Lord has sworn and he will not recant:“You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”Prayers for ChristmasO GOD, Who hast made this most holy night to shine with the brightness of the true Light: Grant, we beseech Thee, that as we have known on earth the mysteries of that Light, we may also come to the fullness of His joys in heaven; Who liveth and reigneth with Thee and the Holy Ghost, ever One God, world without end. Amen.
People Group Details: https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/18159 Listen to "A Third of Us" podcast with Greg Kelley, produced by the Alliance for the Unreached: https://alliancefortheunreached.org/podcast/ Watch "Stories of Courageous Christians" w/ Mark Kordic https://storiesofcourageouschristians.com/stories-of-courageous-christians
Diving right in with excitement, Your Hopeful Sister, will be sharing the second lesson on our study of Moses. We will visit the birth of Moses and all that surrounded it, as well as, what his upbringing entailed and how this shaped who he was. A great takeaway from this particular part to our study in this sixth season of "The Brain Don't Fail Me" podcast show, is how despite Moses failing miserably to a calling God had placed in his heart to be a rescuer of His people, the Hebrews enslaved in Egypt, God still plans to use him further along in his life. Let this episode encourage you to fully walk out a direction the Lord gave you despite your own shortcomings!Scripture Used In This Episode:Exodus 2:1-22 *main passage for our studyExodus 1:22Exodus 6:20Hebrews 11:23-27Acts 7:20-29Genesis 25:1-6This Episode's Sponsor:Dory's Gardens In Tyler, Texas 600 W. Rusk Tyler, TXhttp://email@example.com+1 (903) 330-4663Facebook @DorysGardensInstagram @DorysGardensDisclaimer: I am not a licensed professional in the mental healthcare industry. Everything shared on this podcast is of my own experiences, personal research and conversations I have had with mental health professionals. About Your Host! Amanda Barbe (aka Your Hopeful Sister) is your host for the Brain Don't Fail Me podcast. She is a prophetic voice, a Bible teacher, a mentor, an author and now podcaster. She creates wonderful content to inspire you, the believer, to reach your fullest potential! Sign up below for her E-Letter to get the scoop on all that she provides in order to minister to your heart.To learn more about Amanda's book Silenced and to purchase it click HERE!OR find it at this link:https://www.westbowpress.com/en/bookstore/bookdetails/750712-SilencedSign-up For Amanda's E-Letter!https://linktr.ee/braindontfailmeVisit Amanda's Website!thebarbes.comFollow Amanda!Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/amandareneebarbe/Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/amandareneebarbe/Telegram: https://t.me/amandareneebarbeMeWe: mewe.com/i/amandabarbeYouTube Channel: https://cutt.ly/amandabarbeministryJourney with me so you can become who God created you to be!
In Need to Know, the co-hosts delineate the difference between sex work and survival sex before exploring the many ways that consenting adults are making money the old-fashioned way. A disagreement ensues when Isaiah notes that "sex work" without physical contact might need its own categorization. In All the Feels, author and matchmaker Amari Ice shares the secrets to bringing Black gay men together, while addressing compatibility, monogamy and the necessity of crowns. In Gotta Do, Bianca encourages listeners to ready themselves emotionally, financially and physically for the upcoming holiday season. To learn more about the Prince of Hearts, Amari Ice, visit his website: https://www.amarimeanslove.com/
Sometimes, I never know what to write here. If you have any suggestions, just let me know! This is a relaxation following in Mondays vein of Truthfulness. For many it is a way of life to be truthful, for others the plain truth is too difficult so the fill their lives with webs of half truths. But today we discover the blessing of our own inner honesty. Looking for my Yoga Teacher Training course? Follow this link, and ask me anything you need to know! https://yogaayurvedaliving.com/yoga-teacher-training-2/Sometimes we like what we hear, but we arent sure how to thank someone...here in this podcast you can help to support the show by donation, through clicking the link as a thank you.Support the show (https://www.buymeacoffee.com/thedoshalife) All donations go to the cost of hosting the web space on Buzzsprout and running this podcast, by Kelly Marie Mills. Subscribing and downloading and telling a friend are the BAM! xGoogle My business here : https://g.page/r/CVrKcqiO7iOaEAEConnect with Kelly:FB Live https://www.facebook.com/kellymariemills/FB group The Dosha Life with Kelly orInstagram @thedoshalife or website https://www.yogaayurvedaliving.comHelp this podcast grow !? HOW? by Rating and reviewing and sharing to friends and groups! Click the links to find the podcatchers that allow reviewshttps://lovethepodcast.com/tdlclick here to subscribe and follow at your easiest podcatcher.https://followthepodcast.com/tdlThank you to Leah Wilmot for all her creativity.Thank you to Laura Lowry for her graphics.Support the show (https://www.buymeacoffee.com/thedoshalife)
(Elizabeth) Starting in the early 1600s, the Ottoman sultans switched from practicing fraticide to confinement as a means to preserve their rule from their grasping brothers. In this episode, Elizabeth examines how this treatment led a number of eventual sultans to have less than stellar qualifications and less than stellar legacies. Click here for tips for Teaching with Podcasts! Or here to buy some FH Merch! We are now on Youtube with accessible captions checked by members of our team! And you can find out how to support us through our FH Patreon to help keep our content open access!
If you were asked the following questions; do you think you have mastered the art/science of life and communication? What does conflict resolution in your relationship(s) look like? Do you think it is possible to love the things that you've grown to hate? And lastly but most importantly, what's the importance of self-acceptance and self-awareness in our life journey? - Would you know the answers at the tip of your finger? Welcome, we are thrilled to have you back with us in this second part of our conversation with Princely Glorious. In this episode, Princely opens up on how he dealt with anxiety, what he has learnt to be the best way to communicate his thoughts and solve conflicts with his partner, how to disagree respectfully but also how stepping out of your normal routine and halting the things that matter to you could be a sign of anxiety. Join us as we unravel, learn and speak on this part of Mental health.
In our last class, we all learned about how India and Pakistan became India and Pakistan but somehow India reeled through the aftermath of this Partition for quite a long time. Soon after India got its independence, it faced the great challenge of joining all scattered princely states into the Union of India. Are you also wondering, what are these Princely states and how did we convince them to join India? Here the bell rings, see you in our today's class with Prof KP Fabian and RJ Aniket.
Look, Princely anaendesha kampuni nzuri inayofanya vizuri kibiashara, kampuni yake ilishinda shindano na wakapata hela nzuri tu ya kumwezesha yeye kuendelea kutimiza ndoto zake. Anaishi kwenye eneo zuri, na ni mtu poa sana. Hawezi kuwa na tatizo, na afya yake ya akili haiwezi kuwa challenged, right? WRONG Ukweli ni kwamba, si mara zote tuonekanavyo nje ndiyo tulivyo kwa ndani. Unaweza onekana kwamba una kila kitu nie, ila bado afya ya akili isiwe katika mahali sahihi. Inakuathiri vipi? Unatambuaje hilo? Unapambana halo kwa namna gani? Haya ni maongezi na Princely Glorious, mwanaume aliyeamua ku-share na sisi experience yake kwenye hili
Finally! We're Back At It! We jumped off Season 2 with the title track from the forthcoming release from The Prince Estate, Welcome 2 America! This album was recorded in 2010 and was also the title of his tour that year, but he decided for whatever Princely reasons, that the time wasn't right. So come next month, it will finally hit our ears and likely give us more material to dive into and examine for purple depth! Let's get to these Lessons in the Lyrics & Messages in the Music!
The Princes of the Tribes make several notable contributions at the inauguration of the Tabernacle: They contribute 12 oxen and 6 covered wagons to aid the Levites in the transportation of the Tabernacle and each Prince donates a tribute of 21 animals, a silver basin and bowl brimming with flour and oil, and a gold […]
The Princes of the Tribes make several notable contributions at the inauguration of the Tabernacle: They contribute 12 oxen and 6 covered wagons to aid the Levites in the transportation of the Tabernacle and each Prince donates a tribute of 21 animals, a silver basin and bowl brimming with flour and oil, and a gold […]
“The world is full of obvious things which nobody by any chance ever observes.” ― Arthur Conan Doyle With their new Lasombra ally in tow, the coterie sets their investigative sights on Charles Dawson. When their search reveals an abundance of too-convenient clues (7:00), they begin to wonder if someone might be playing an elaborate game with the Nosferatu as a scapegoat (21:53). The mystery takes on new layers when Schmendrick sets her technological skills to work on the evidence (39:42), revealing the identity of Charles’ accomplices (56:19). Maya is forced to call in a Princely favor for the information that might tie it all together (1:15:00), but just as those efforts are beginning to bear fruit, a panicked phone call from an unlikely source forces the coterie to change gears (1:32:10).
THE BOYS ARE JOINED BY THE ENIGMATIC, PRINCELY, AND ASTUTE JOSE AND ALBERT TO DISCUSS OVERCOMING OBSTACLES AND HOW TO FAKE IT TILL YOU MAKE IT. youngadultspodcast.com https://www.instagram.com/albertmuro_/ https://www.instagram.com/notjosee/
After Khuiblai Khan’s death in 1294, his successors ruled over the most powerful kingdom on earth, the Yuan Dynasty, controlling all of China and Mongolia. Yet not even one hundred years after the declaration of the Yuan in 1271, the Dynasty was pushed from China, their rulers a shadow of the men Chinggis Khan and Khubilai had been. In our first episode on the Yuan Dynasty, we take you through the first 40 years of their rule after Khubilai, and introduce you to ten Khans, from Temur Oljeitu to Toghon Temur, and the manner in which they lurched from crisis to crisis in the fourteenth century. It was an age of political chaos and bloodthirsty brothers, scheming bureacrats, overbearing mothers and misplaced Khans, and a century where every other person was seemingly named a variation of Temur. It was a period to have strangled even the greatest of rulers and most robust of dynasties; and these were not the greatest of rulers. I’m your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. Our first of ten Khans for today is Temur Oljeitu, Khubilai’s grandson and first successor. Khubilai, as we demonstrated rather thoroughly, had outlived his chosen heir, Jinggim, as well as a plethora of other sons and grandsons. After Jinggim’s death, Khubilai had vacillated on who should succeed him. It was much more traditional Chinese custom for chosen heirs and the like, as opposed to the Mongolian method of ‘to the strongest,’ and declarations of quriltais. Seemingly reluctantly, only in the very twilight years of his life almost a decade after Jinggim’s death, did Khubilai move to make Temur Oljeitu, one of the late Jinggim’s younger sons, his heir. In 1293 Khubilai gave Temur Oljeitu the jade seal of the heir apparent, but had not provided him the full titles and honorifics that Jinggim had held. Thus, when the old Khubilai finally did die in February 1294, Temur Oljeitu was the favourite candidate, but not the only one. He was challenged by his older brother, another son of Jinggim named Kammala. It came to the quriltai in April 1294, where both made their speeches, each demonstrating their knowledge of the maxims of Chinggis Khan, aiming to convince the elite and each other of their fitness for the Grand Khanate. Of course, it wasn’t really just a matter of speeches which determined the outcome. Being the selected heir of Great Khan Khubilai was obviously a powerful boost, but Temur Oljeitu had a number of powerful allies backing him. His mother, Kokejin, was well respected and beloved by Khubilai; military leaders, especially Bayan of the Baarin, the great conqueror of the Song Dynasty, backed Temur Oljeitu; and prominent members of the bureaucracy, such as the Chancellor of the Right, Oljei. This was to be a heralding of the future of the succession Yuan Khans, where the bureaucracy and military elite became the decision makers. Kammala was convinced to accept Temur Oljeitu, who on April 15th, 1295, was duly enthroned as Khan of Khans and Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. Temur Oljeitu was a respectable choice. Conservative minded, both he and Chancellor Oljei, as well as Oljei’s successor Harghasun, aimed to consoldiate and stabilize the Yuan Dynasty after the struggles of Khubilai’s final years. Open minded regarding Chinese culture, respecting Confucianism but not enmeshed in it, while also having connections to the military elite in the Mongolian steppe, Temur Oljeitu was very much a Khan in the mold of his grandfather Khubilai, though lacking his physical and intellectual vigour, while also keeping one of Khubilai’s worst vices, a penchant for alcoholism. In order to stabilize the government and economy, reconciliation of various branches of the family was favoured and great invasions abandoned. Lavish gifts to princes on his accession helped affirm their loyalty and quiet some of the Mongols in Manchuria who had been so problematic in Khubilai’s last years. Plans to invade Annam and Japan were cancelled; the only foreign ventures were to be brief excursions into Burma and northern Thailand which, though largely failures, were not on the scales of any of Khubilai’s efforts. Tax debts from Khubilai’s reign were cancelled, and Temur Oljeitu sought to reduce the tax burden on the people, forbidding the collection of anything beyond established quotas. Diplomatically, Temur enjoyed a significant triumph over his father. In 1301 his armies under his nephew Qaishan finally defeated Qaidu Khan, the master of central Asia. When Qaidu died of his wounds in September 1301, Qaidu’s puppet Chagatai Khan Du’a decided he had enough of fighting the Yuan. With Qaidu’s son Chapar, Du’a contacted Temur Oljeitu indicating his willingness to recognize Temur Oljeitu’s overlordship. Temur Oljeitu was delighted and immediately accepted. Their representatives were sent to the Khan of the Ilkhanate, also called Oljeitu, and the Khan of the Golden Horde, Toqta. By 1304, peace had reached between the Khanates. For the first time since 1259, there was a recognized Great Khan, something Khubilai had never achieved. Though Temur Oljeitu wielded no authority over them, he sent patents to affirm each Khan, and in turn received gifts and tribute from them, a process largely carried out by his successors. And in 1306, when Du’a went to war with the heirs of Qaidu, Temur Oljeitu provided him with an army. For a few years at the start of the fourteenth century, we can finally speak of a proper pax Mongolica, when there was peace between all of the Khanates across Eurasia. It would not last very long. In internal matters, Temur Oljeitu did not quite have the same success. For one thing, the Yuan Dynasty permanently hemorrhaged money. In 1295, less than a year after his enthronment, the imperial treasury was reporting to him that nearly all of the wealth Khubilai had accumulated over his reign had been spent in gifts to the princes. The financial policies of Temur Oljeitu and the Chancellors Oljei and Harghasun had brought stability after the “Three Bad ministers,” but was not bringing in new revenue. Temur Oljeitu had to cover government costs by paying out from the silver reserve. This was the silver needed to back the paper currency, and with less silver reserve, inflation would rise and rise, a problem we will keep coming back to. Government corruption was intense. The set quota for the number of court and capital officials was set at 2,600 persons. In the first year of Temur Oljeitu’s reign, it was found to be over 10,000. In 1303, a corruption trial revealed bribery going to the very highest levels of Temur Oljeitu’s government. A furious Khan pushed for further investigation, resulting in over 18,000 convictions of officials and clerks on bribery and other corruption charges. Rather typical of Temur Oljeitu though, was that he lacked the energy to carry out these charges and sweeping changes implied by such convictions. Most officials were let off with hardly as much as a warning, and many simply returned to their posts within the following years. While it has been common to attest the Yuan Dynasty’s economic failings to corruption and lavish gift giving- which to be sure, there was no shortage of- recent research has highlighted a significant problem overlooked in such a presentation. The fourteenth century was the start of the Little Ice Age, a global climatic shift towards generally cooler and wetter temperatures, not counting for regional variations. Some variations in temperature and weather of the thirteenth century can be attributed to the massive eruption of the Indonesian volcano of Samalas in the late 1250s, with the Little Ice Age entailing more long term shifts. Cooler temperatures in general strongly affect the Asian monsoon season, which in the 14th century manifested into a general trend of intense colds and snowfall in Mongolia and the steppe, droughts in North China and unending rains and typhoons in southern China. These began to be felt in the very first years of Temur Oljeitu’s reign. In 1295, the year after he became Khan of Khans, typhoons struck the Yangzi River delta, his empire’s most densely populated region; the Yellow River broke its banks in multiple places and caused repeated flooding, and a dry spell from the previous years resulted in plagues of locusts that eradicated crops. Flooding, typhoons and locust plagues were annual problems for most of the 1290s. In Mongolia and the steppes, the winters turned harsh, and unexpected and high volumes of snow fell even in spring and summer, starving entire herds and forcing many to flee south to seek support for the Khan. So intense were these problems that in 1297 Temur Oljeitu changed his reign title from Yuanzhen, “Primary allegiance” to Dade, “great virtue.” Usually reign titles were held for decades, so to change it after two years was a last-ditch attempt to appease the heavens. It was not just an ecological problem though. Khubilai Khan had continued the policy of huang zheng from the Song Dynasty. This was government-provided disaster relief, in the form of cash, food, normally grain or rice, farm tools, animals and other supplies to help the given stricken population through this period. It was a duty of the ruler of China, and fit well into Khubilai’s policy of reconstruction after the Mongol conquest and relieving the burdens of the lower classes. None of Khubilai’s heirs dared repeal such a law, for it became a basis of Yuan legitimacy. However, in a century that was to prove one of unprecedented, and worsening, climatic terrors over a vast geographic area, from the forests of Siberia, mountains of Tibet, Korea, Manchuria across all of China and its southern coast, this was to prove an impossible burden to meet. The detailed Chinese records reveal a dynasty facing a crisis every year. From 1272 until 1357, there was a major famine somewhere in China on average once every two years; over 56 earthquakes were recorded; super typhoons on the southern coast coincided with supersnowstorms in the steppe. Exceptionally cold winters and unexpected frosts meant certain crops could no longer be reliably grown in the north. The densely populated Yangzi River Delta, home to one of the most economically and agriculturally vital areas of the empire, was almost yearly suffering droughts, flooding, epidemics, starvation and typhoons which wiped away entire towns. For more than a third of the Yuan era, the empire experienced at least seven distinct natural calamanities within the same year! People died in the disasters by the thousands, and survivors died in the hundreds of thousands in the ensuing famines and destruction of farmland. Survivors needed to be brought onto government relief. Grain and rice shortages caused the Yuan to try and cover costs only with cash, and to provide more cash, more had to be printed, to the point it outstripped government revenues. Inflation was the result, and Yuan paper money became ever more worthless over the 1300s. Further, waves of natural calamanities always appear to symbolize the given dynasty had lost the support of heaven, and that the time was come for them to be overthrown. Temur Oljeitu’s reign saw the beginning of these problems. In 1301, a spring drought in the Yangzi Delta was followed by a massive typhoon; arable farmland was destroyed for 50 kilometres along the coast line, and a 30-40 metre high wave pushed 280 kilometres inland! 17,000 were killed by storm by the storm itself, and 100,000 by the ensuing starvation. Only a month later, there was flooding displacing people in Manchuria, a freak August snowstorm in Mongolia, flooding around the imperial capital of Dadu, and a locust plague in Hebei province. From this year onwards, flooding somewhere in the Empire became an almost annual problem: in 1302, 50 days of torrential rain caused flooding in 14 prefectures in southern China, and in 1303 and 1305 severe earthquakes rocked the Central regions. And these problems would only become worse over the rest of the dynasty’s history. The Khan was simply not equipped to handle this. The conservative-minded Temur Oljeitu and his chief ministers, Oljei and Harghasun, could not invigorate the dynasty for such an immense task as this. After the death of chief and favourite wife in 1299 and mother in 1300, and onset of illnesses from his years of heavy drinking, Temur Oljeitu lost much of his energy for governance, allowing another wife, the empress Buluqan, to overpower him. She sought to ensure the succession of their son, Deshou, a process in which she made many enemies, though even her hostile biography in the Yuan Shi recognized her as a just and able minister. Exiling and removing possible challengers to Deshou’s accession, she was able to have Temur Oljeitu confirm him as heir in 1305… only for Deshou to die unexpectedly early in 1306. When Temur Oljeitu died in February 1307, he had no heirs and no surviving children, and was given the posthumous temple name of Chengzong. One Khan down, nine to go. Temur Oljeitu’s death saw factions form immediately. Empress Buluqan had her allies, and sought to make Temur Oljeitu’s cousin, Ananda, the next Great Khan. A Muslim and prince ruling over the former Tangut territories, Ananda had a powerful army and seemed a likely candidate.. Until Ayurburwada, a son of Temur Oljeitu’s older brother Darmabala, led a coup in Dadu, arresting Ananda and Empress Buluqan and their allies. They died in prison soon after. Ayurburwada wanted to be Khan, but faced a challenge from his older brother Qaishan and his powerful and experienced army. A veteran of wars against Qaidu and their enemeis in the steppe, Qaishan was a fearsome foe, and war was only averted with the intervention of their mother, Targi. Agreement was reached, making Qaishan the Khan of Khans, and Ayurburwada his heir. So we have our second Khan of the episode, Qaishan, known also as Külüg Khan and by his posthumous temple name, Wuzong. Unlike Khubilai and Temur Oljeitu, Qaishan was a man of the steppe with no love or understanding for Chinese culture. He immediately changed course with Temur Oljeitu. Where his predecessor sought continuation of Khubilai’s policies and maintained ministers, Qaishan removed most of Temur Oljeitu’s adherents. Instead of seeking to rule through the Secretariats, Qaishan wanted to rule like a steppe nomad in the vein of Chinggis Khan, via his personal retainers and keshig. Lavish gifts were spent on his friends and allies, even building a palace for them. Princely titles were handed out like candy. And for this, only four months into his reign, Qaishan found he effectively spent well over a year’s worth of government revenue: he found himself able to pay less than half of what he had promised in gifts to the aristocracy. In a panic, he spent the rest of the reign trying to address this. The price on salt licenses, one of the most important industries in the Yuan realm, was raised by 35%; prohibition on liquor production was lifted in order to collect taxes there. The tax debts that Temur Oljeitu had cancelled were now to be collected again. Most famously was Qaishan and his allies’ currency program. New copper coins were minted, golder and silver were demonetarized and new paper bills put into circulation. The new currency was based on an exchange of 1:5 with the old, and the volume of currency printed in 1310 was 7 times higher than the three previous years! Qaishan’s efforts did little good other than expand the bureaucracy needlessly and grow inflation. His sudden death in April 1311 after only a 4 year reign brings us to our third Khan, Qaishan’s younger brother Ayurburwada Buyantu, posthumous temple name Renzong. This was the first fully peaceful transition of power in the Yuan Dynasty’s history. It went according to their agreement, and once comfortably in power, Ayurburwada violently purged the government of Qaishan’s allies and appointees. Unlike the steppe raised Qaishan, Ayurburwada was a man with a good Confucian education, could read and write Chinese and appreciated Chinese art and culture. Most of Qaishan’s policies were immediately reversed, the new currency abolished, the building projects halted, and good Confucian scholar-officials placed into power. Ayurburwada wanted a more traditionally Chinese-Confucian government, and reinstated the civil service examination system to choose officials, for instance, with a distinct Neo-Confucianism curriculum which stayed for the Ming and Qing dynasties. He promoted the translation of Chinese classics in Mongolian, and began the codification of the Yuan legal system, a process that took until 1323. But he could not address the real problems facing the dynasty. The environmental crisis only grew worse, with more severe snow storms in Mongolia increasing the northern refugees crisis, while the flooding problem grew exponentially worse in 1319 onwards, all in addition to the varied economic troubles associated with this, from destruction of farmland to government support of refugees. Ayurburwada could reverse Qaishan’s disastrous currency but could not find new revenue sources to alleviate the problems that Qaishan had tried to fix, and government expenditure was not trimmed. After a brief effort, Ayurburwada found he could not change the privileges of the aristocracy or interfere in the administration of their appanages, though he tried to lesson the number of new princes made and reduce the level of annual gifts. He needed the support of the Mongol and military elite, and reducing their gifts was not a good way to do this. His greatest political challenges came from his own mother, Dowager Empress Targi, and her favourite, the Chancellor of the Right Temuder. Both were ntrenched supporters of the status quo- that is, enriching themselves and their followers at the expense of the Chinese. Ayurburwada found himself continually harassed, always combating them and their allies who resisted his reform efforts. Temuder bullied and fought with Ayurburwada’s ministers and was openly corrupt. The Khan could not even arrest him. The most he could do was remove Temuder from office, only for Dowager Empress Targi to make Temuder the Grand Preceptor to the Heir apparent, Ayurburwada’s son Shidebala. Unable to stand up to his mother, the reform minded Ayurburwada died in March 1320, aged only 35, without having really made any true reforms to the Yuan state or government, other than add a coat of Confucian-coloured paint to the dynasty for a brief period. He was peacefully succeeded by his 18 year old son Shidebala, known also as Gegeen Khan or by his posthumous temple name of Yingzong. So starts the reign of our fourth Khan of the episode. Only three days after Ayurburwada’s death, Dowager Empress Targi reinstated Temuder as the Grand Chancellor of the Right, and began a veritable reign of terror. The officials who stood up to them during Ayurburwada’s life were severely punished, exiled or executed. Appointing his own allies and family members, Temuder ran roughshod over the young Khan. But well educated, sinicized and with a strong spirit, Shidebala Khan did not long sit idle. He appointed a fine choice to the second government position, Chancellor of the Left, in Baiju, a grandson of Antung, a popular chancellor under Khubilai, and a descendant of the heroic Mukhali, great general and viceroy of Chinggis Khan. A friend to Confucians and of proud Mongol heritage, Baiju was an excellent choice for any enemy of Targi and Temuder to flock to. Together, Baiju and Shidebala Khan became staunch allies, and the Empress Dowager is said to have complained of the young Khan, “we should not have raised this boy!” Only two months into his reign, a conspiracy was discovered to replace Shidebala with his younger brother. Baiju urged Shidebala to act quickly, and they unravelled the conspiracy, discovering it was associates of Targi and Temuder behind the plot. Weakening their support network, the Khan and his Chancellor gradually began to repulse the Dowager and her Chancellor. The aging pair were only overcome when they died of old age in the fall of 1322. After that, Shidebala and Baiju could finally carry out their reforms, pushing out more of Temuder’s associates from government and continuing policies of the late Ayurburwada. Shidebala supported Confucians, but he loved Buddhism. An ardent and devout Buddhist, Shidebala ordered a Buddhist temple honouring the ‘Phags-pa lama to be constructed in every prefecture in the empire, with the stipulation that they all had to be larger than their Confucian counterparts. The Khan did not apparently see the hypocrisy in such an expensive program when he was supposed to be dealing with the financial crisis. He also showed open disdain for Islam, having the mosque in Shangdu, the summer capital, destroyed in order to make room for the ‘Phags-Pa temple there. If Shidebala would have strengthened or weakened the Khanate without the presence of his grandmother or Temuder, it will never be known. In September 1323, a conspiracy made up of a number of princes, allies of the late Temuder and part of the Imperial Asud Guard killed Shidebala and Baiju at Nanpo. Immediately they reached out to prince Yesun Temur, a son of Temur Oljeitu’s older brother Kammala. A month after Shidebala’s murder, Yesun Temur was declared Khan on the Kerulen River, the very birthplace of Chinggis Khan, and became our fifth Khan of the episode. Yesun Temur was almost certainly involved in the plot against Shidebala, and moved quickly to secure himself against charges of illegitmacy. First rewarding the conspirators, once he was firmly entrenched in the two Yuan capitals, he had the conspirators violently purged, the princes involved exiled to far corners of the empire. Yesun Temur worked hard to distance himself from the means of his enthronement. The official version of events became that he had learned of the plot only days before it happened, and had tried to warn Shidebala Khan. He just happened to be very convientenly placed to immediately become Khan. The new Khan had spent many years in the steppe and had a powerful military backing, and in some respects was a proponent of returning things to “the old ways.” Only a single Chinese minister was carried over into the new adminsitration, and was routinely ignored. Muslims gained their most prominent status in the Yuan under Yesun Temur. His chancellor of the Left, Dawlat Shah, was a Muslim and a firm ally throughout his reign. However, he understood that the means of his ascension left a bad taste in some mouths, and therefore reached out to accomodate them. Supporters of Ayurburwada and Shidebala who had been wronged by Temuder were posthumously pardoned or restored to their posts; Baiju’s son was given his father’s old military position. Two sons of Qaishan who had been exiled by Shidebala, including one Tuq Temur, were allowed to return. More princely titles and appanages were granted, gifts were made- another addition to the expenditure, but arguably necessary given the means by which he had ascended the throne. Despite his origins, Yesun Temur showed respect to Confucians, refused to scrap the state exam system and encouraged the further translation of Confucian classics and teaching to Mongols, though these had little effect on government. Like Shidebala, Yesun Temur was a Buddhist, and spent great sums on Buddhist temples throughout the empire. The environmental crisis only worsened though. The flight of Mongols and other peoples of the north and northwest grew so bad that in the first year of his reign, 39% of the money printed that year was spent on trying to send the refugees back and put them onto their feet. This was so ineffective that he then ordered any Mongol trying to migrate south without express permission was to be executed, and in 1326 forbid steppe princes from sending their wives to the court to complain about famine in Mongolia. Intense flooding every year of the 1320s annihilated cropland and worsened the problem, and inflation only continued to rise. These troubles showed no signs of abating when Yesun Temur died of illness in August 1328, aged 35. Our fifth Khan of the episode was succeeded by his 8 year old son Ragibagh at Shangdu in Inner Mongolia. Dawlat Shah and the party enthroning the new Khan were taken aback when news reached them of a coup already underway in Dadu. Dadu, the imperial capital, had been seized by a Qipchap officer named El Temur. A compatriot of the late Qaishan, who had fought beside him in the wars against Qaidu, El Temur seized the capital in order to restore it to the line of Qaishan. Inviting both Qaishan’s sons Tuq Temur and Qoshila to Dadu to take the throne, El Temur deftly outmanuevered the supporters of young Ragibagh Khan. El Temur’s ally Bayan of the Merkit brought Tuq Temur to Dadu and in October 1328, made him the seventh Khan of the episode- with a promise to abdicate once his older brother, Qoshila, arrived from his exile in the Chagatai Khanate. This was the so-called “War of the Two Capitals,” with the two factions based in each of the capitals founded by Khubilai Khan, Dadu, where sits modern Beijing, and Shangdu, in the steppes in what is now Inner Mongolia. The two sides fought across the border, but El Temur and Tuq Temur’s armies had the better of the encounters. They advanced on Shangdu which surrendered in November 1328. Dawlat Shah and his allies were captured and executed; the young Ragibagh, the sixth Khan of the episode, was never found. Qoshila was excited at the news, and with the Chagatai Khan Eljigidei, declared himself Khan at a quriltai north of the old imperial capital of Karakorum, declaring Tuq Temur to be his heir. The Chagatai Khan returned to his Khanate, and Qoshila marched southeast.The eighth khan of the episode met the seventh at a palace built by their father, Qaishan, in August 1329. The reunion of Qoshila and Tuq Temur was warm. Four days later, Qoshila Khan was found dead, and Tuq Temur was enthroned once more as Khan of Khans. Despite being enthroned twice and having killed his brother for the throne, Tuq Temur was a puppet. He sat on the whim of the real powermakers, El Temur and Bayan of the Merkit. They were the ultimate bureaucratic kingmakers, having built their own wealth and support networks independent of the Khan. Unlike Temuder who was loyal to Targi Khatun, or civil servants like Oljei or Harghasun, El Temur and Bayan were their own dynamic duo controlling government, granting themselves titles, imperial wives, honorifics and fiefdoms. Tuq Temur Khan contented himself with his studies of the Chinese classics and Confucianism, which he adored, practicing his calligraphy, collected art and was haunted with guilt over murdering his older brother. The khan founded an Academy to help instill Confucian morals on the Mongols and government. El Temur, who had no care for Confucians, took over this Academy to restrict access of its members to the Khan. The nakedly illegal reign did no favours for a Dynasty struck with financial and ecological chaos. In the three years Tuq Temur was Khan of Khan, 21 rebellions broke out requiring great resources to be crushed. It would not be until 1332 that the final holdouts of Yesun Temur loyalists would be militarily crushed. No new revenues could be found while the costs of relief, war, the court and corruption continued to soar alongside inflation. In 1328, 343,420 ding of paper money was printed. The next year, 1.232 million was printed, which almost covered the 1.35 million in cash and nearly 1 million tonnes of grain spent on famine relief, a full 20-30% of government revenue in that year. Tuq Temur Khan obsessed with legitimacy: other claimants were exiled, including the sons of Qoshila. One, the 13 year old Toghon Temur, was sent to Korea. Tuq Temur and his empress had their eldest son Aratnadara declared heir in 1331… one month before Aratnadara died. Beset with grief and guilt, Tuq Temur changed the name of his eldest son, entrusted him to the care of El Temur, and died in September 1332 with the succession undecided. On his deathbed, overcome with shame, he apparently declared that a son of Qoshila was to succeed him in order to make amends. And so, El Temur carried out Tuq Temur’s will, installing the late Qoshila’s six year old son Rinchinbal as the ninth Khan of the episode. El Temur envisioned many happy years watching over this malleable child ruler, only for the lad to die of illness a full 53 days into his reign. El Temur desired to place Tuq Temur’s young son on the throne, but court resistance was led by Tuq Temur’s widow, the empress Budashiri, who wanted to hold to her husband’s final will. And so, El Temur invited Qoshila’s older surviving son, the thirteen year old Toghon Temur, to come take the throne, our tenth and last Khan of the episode- and the last Chinggisid Khan to rule the Yuan Dynasty in China. The long reign of Toghon Temur will be the subject of our next episode, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals podcast in order to follow. To help us keep bringing you great content, please consider supporting us on patreon at www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals, and providing us a kind review on a podcast site of your choice, or sharing with your friends. All are appreciated. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I’m your host David, and we will catch you on the next one.
Where your KURATOR discusses...1) Chubby Chat: What's happened to IEP?2) Chubby Topic: The 17 Day Prince Song Challenge3) Chubby Review: Under The Cherry Moon (1986)4) Chubby Tunes: Prince's Lovesexy (1988)May your weekend be chubby!
Kassie and Jackie dive into another week of all things pop culture! What do you think will happen to the monarchy? Would you try a pop that’s flavored like a peep? Can you keep up with all the Bachelor Nation drama? Say cheers and listen to another fun episode of Boozeweek!
ICYMI: The Mo'Kelly Show Presents – An in-depth conversation with Musician Morris Day of the iconic band ‘Morris Day and The Time'; surrounding his TV One life story told in the hit series ‘Unsung' as well as his memoir “On Time…A Princely Life In Funk”; which looks back on a life of turbulence and triumph, centering around his lifelong relationship and association with Prince on KFI AM 640 - Live everywhere on the iHeartradio App
The Mo'Kelly Show welcomes Musician Morris Day of the iconic band ‘Morris Day and The Time' to the program for an in-depth discussion surrounding his TV One life story told in the hit series ‘Unsung' as well as his memoir “On Time…A Princely Life In Funk”; which looks back on a life of turbulence and triumph, centering around his lifelong relationship and association with Prince.
Episode #0100! For our 100th episode we talk to voice actor Derek Stephen Prince about his career, his Digimon roles (Veemon, Ken, DemiDevimon, Piedmon, Impmon, Jeremy, among many others), & more! An internet issue means the episode ended slightly earlier than planned. The Youtube stream ends a bit earlier than the recorded audio version. Adventure: was on hiatus this week, episode review & news returns next week! Plus we answer your questions! Show notes can be found at http://podcast.withthewill.net/post/100/ News and Discussion can be found at https://www.withthewill.net The WtW Patreon can be found at https://www.patreon.com/withthewill Join us on Discord at https://discord.gg/VvWUfHq Questions for future episodes can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
This is a poem to draw attention to the problem of smoke pollution caused by agricultural waste burning. Growing up on the Indian plains, I remember that the skies were clear and the nightime always offered lovely views of the heavenly skies. As cities sprawled and developed closer to farmland, things changed. In New Delhi - the (ex) city beautiful, pollution from automobiles, combined with smoke from agrowaste burning, combines to provide a choking smog hanging over the city all winter long. A few years back, I stayed at a 14th century ex-Maharajah's Hill Fort in the Princely state of Alwar, and observed agro burning from a vantage point. My poem - Hill Fort Kesroli - laments the tramsformation of the skies from blue to black, from starlit to smoky, from clear to opaque. Please send me your comments at email@example.com Suraj Bhatia
This week Haydn (@Herjuk) is Steve-less (@Stevoo7) but that doesn’t stop some talk on Mass Effect Andromeda in 2021, with or without mods, WandaVision and Coming to America 2. All this plus the usual news, charts, new releases and of course, your listener questions.
This week we're taking a look at a couple of American princesses, er, heiresses. First, Stacie has the bizarre story of Patty Hearst, granddaughter of William Randolph, whose abduction by the Symbionese Liberation Army in 1974 led to a crime spree that stunned the world. Then, Alicia has the scandalous life and loves of Lee Radziwill, the sister of Jackie O, who struggled in the shadow of her sister. Promo ThirdLove.com/trashy. Get 20% off your first purchase! Betterhelp.com/trashy. Get 10% off your first month when you sign up at the link! The Oak Tree Group. Need help getting your financial house in order? This all-female financial planning firm is happy to help. Visit them on the web at theoaktreegroup.net. Stacie's Receipts Patty Hearst propaganda picture (britannica.com) CRIME: The Hearst Nightmare - TIME (time.com) At Menlo, Patty A Brilliant Student (cdnc.ucr.edu) The Kidnapping That Gripped the Nation / Heiress Patty Hearst's abduction 25 years ago took the entire country on a wild ride (sfgate.com) Kidnapped Heiress: The Patty Hearst Story (nbcnews.com) CNN Programs - People in the News (cnn.com) Randolph A. Hearst, Whose Father Built Newspaper Empire, Is Dead at 85 (Published 2000) (nytimes.com) The Patty Hearst saga: How an American heiress went from kidnap victim to outlaw (today.com) Alicia's Receipts In Her Sister's Shadow: An Intimate Biography of Lee Radziwill, by Diana Dubois (Amazon link) Lee Radziwill Interview - T Magazine | The New York Times (YouTube link) The billionaire art collector who owns Andy Warhol's former Montauk estate is reportedly entertaining offers for the oceanfront property. Here's a look inside. (businessinsider.com) Lee Radziwill, Ex-Princess and Sister of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Dies at 85 (Published 2019) (nytimes.com) A Look Back at Style Icon Lee Radziwill's Life and Loves - Over The Moon (overthemoon.com) F****d Up Royal, or in this case Princely, Marriages #20 (royalfoibles.com) Lee Radziwill, the younger sister of Jackie Kennedy, dies at 85 (tatler.com) T Magazine The Real Lee Radziwill One of Truman Capote's swans, the sister of Jackie Kennedy (nytimes.com)
The plan launches into action and Hatov takes Nova's advice to heart. Let's throw some of that princely weight around, people!Transcript: https://docs.google.com/document/d/e/2PACX-1vT9qxpFtH0DPP0_Upcjmv2akYShTmNeTFwWa7pSBfk4P18zvMi48jmgDk-ewTveaVAxO6ivBF-9xwxr/pubKo-fi: http://Ko-fi.com/itme9612Website: Http://incopodcast.comIf you want to leave a review: https://www.podchaser.com/podcasts/inco-1468055MUSICVoices From The Depths by MusicLFilesLink: https://filmmusic.io/song/7468-voices-from-the-depthsLicense: https://filmmusic.io/standard-license
This week, we talk about episode three of Shondaland's Bridgerton - Art of the Swoon - as Simon gets a little competition for Daphne's attention. A Prussian prince is in town visiting his aunt, the queen, and takes a shine to the diamond of the season. This puts the Duke of Hastings in a rather awkward position - continue the pretense of romancing Daphne, or set her free so she can have a real courtship with a prince? ~~~ Send us your questions or comments at: firstname.lastname@example.org Follow us on Twitter/Instagram: @thepemberley Visit our website: thepemberleypodcast.com We're part of the Frolic Podcast Network: https://frolic.media/podcasts/
Texas had two commitments visit Oklahoma on the bye week. Bobby and Mike discuss the results of those visits and more. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices