Country in Southeastern Europe
Photo: Russian positions on the Shipka Pass, in the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. Snow falls on the unknowns of Russian deployment. Felix Light @CBSNews Moscow https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2021/11/24/russia-to-boost-military-in-face-of-increased-nato-activity-a75658
World News in 7 minutes. Wednesday 24th November 2021.Transcript at: send7.org/transcripts Today: Ethiopia Abiy ready for fight. Sudan ministers quit. Kenya bank robbery. Bulgaria Macedonian crash. EU no Lukashenko. Guadeloupe Martinique protests. EU say Venezuela elections better. Turkey Lira falls. Afghanistan Pakistan aid. South Korea Chun dies. France Einstein makes a profit.Send your opinion or experience by email to email@example.com or send an audio message at send7.org for us to broadcast. Please help to support the podcast by giving what you would spend on a cup of coffee just once a month at send7.org/supportWith Stephen Devincenzi and Khadija Tahir.SEND7 (Simple English News Daily in 7 minutes) tells the most important world news stories in intermediate English. Every day, listen to the most important stories from every part of the world in slow, clear English. Whether you are an intermediate learner trying to improve your advanced, technical and business English, or if you are a native speaker who just wants to hear a summary of world news as fast as possible, this podcast is for you. Transcripts are totally free and can be found at send7.org/transcripts. Simple English News Daily is the perfect way to start your day, by practising your listening skills and understanding complicated stories in a simple way. It is also highly valuable for IELTS and TOEFL students. Students, teachers, and people with English as a second language, tell us that they listen to SEND7 because they can learn English through hard topics, but simple grammar. We believe that the best way to improve your spoken English is to immerse yourself in real-life content, such as what our podcast provides. SEND7 covers all news including politics, business, natural events and human rights. Whether it is happening in Europe, Africa, Asia, the Americas or Oceania, you will hear it on SEND7, and you will understand it. For more information visit send7.org/contact
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Having taken you, our dear listeners, through the Yuan, Chagatayid and Ilkhanates, we now turn our attention to the northwestern corner of the Mongol Empire: the Jochid ulus, the Golden Horde. Ruled by the line of Chinggis' eldest son Jochi, this single division of the Mongol Empire was larger than the maximum extent of most empires, dominating from the borders of Hungary and the Balkans, briefly taking the submission of Serbia, stretching ever eastwards over what is now Ukraine, Russia, through Kazakhstan before terminating at the Irtysh River. Under its hegemony were many distinct populations; the cities of the Rus' principalities, the fur trading centres of the Volga Bulghars along the Samara Bend, the mercantile outposts of the Crimean peninsula which gave the Jochid Khans access to the Mediterranean Sea, to the Khwarezm delta, giving them a position in the heart of the Central Asian trade. These distant frontiers, hundreds upon hundreds of kilometres apart, were connected by the western half of the great Eurasian steppe, the Qipchaq Desert as it was known to Islamic writers. Thus was the Golden Horde, and over the next few episodes we'll take you through its history, from its establishment under Batu, to the height of its glory under Özbeg, to its lengthy disintegration from the end of the fourteenth century onwards. This first episode will serve as an introduction to the history of the Golden Horde, beginning first with its very name and important historiographical matters, then taking you through its origins, up to the death of Berke and ascension of Möngke-Temür, the first ruler of the Golden Horde as an independent state. I'm your host David, and this is Kings and Generals: Ages of Conquest. As good a place to start as any is terminology, and the Golden Horde is known by a host of names. Firstly and most famously, we can note that the Golden Horde is a later appellation, given to the state centuries later in Rus' chronicles. In Russian this is Zolotaya Orda (Золотой Орды), which in Mongolian and Turkish would be Altan Orda. The English word “horde” comes directly from Mongolian ordu, though also used in Turkic languages, and signifies, depending on the case, a command headquarters, the army, tent or palace- quite different from the image of uncontrolled rabble that usually comes to mind with the term. While commonly said that the Rus' chronicles took the term from the golden colour of the Khan's tents, we actually do see the term Golden Horde used among the Mongols before the emergence of the Golden Horde state. For the Mongols and Turks, all the cardinal directions have colour associated with them. Gold is the colour associated with the center; while the divisions of the army would be known by their direction and colour, the overall command or imperial government could be known as the center, the qol, or by its colour, altan. This is further augmented by the association of the colour gold with the Chinggisids themselves, as descent from Chinggis Khan was the altan urugh, the Golden Lineage; and the name of a well-known Mongolian folk band. For example, in 1246 when the Franciscan Friar John de Plano Carpini travelled to Mongolia as an envoy from the Pope, he visited a number of camps of the new Khan, Güyük. Each camp was named, and one of these was, as Carpini notes, called the Golden Horde. In this case, Carpini also describes Güyük's tent as being literally covered in gold, with even the nails holding the wooden beams being gold. So Altan orda, or Golden Horde, may well have been in use within the Golden Horde khanate. However, the term is never used to refer to it in the thirteenth or fourteenth centuries. What we see instead is a collection of other terms. In the Ilkhanate, it was common to refer to the rulers as the Khans of Qipchap, and the state as the Desht-i-Qipchaq, the Qipchaq steppe or desert. Hence in modern writing you will sometimes see it as the Qipchap Khanate. But this seems unlikely to have been a term in use by the Jochid Khans, given that the Qipchaps were the Khan's subjects and seen as Mongol slaves; a rather strange thing for the Mongols to name themselves after them. Given that it was the pre-Mongol term for the region, and the Ilkhanid writers liked to denigrate the Jochid Khans whenever possible, it makes rather good sense that they would continue using it. Many modern historians, and our series researcher, like to refer to it as the Jochid ulus, the patrimony of the house of Jochi, particularly before the actual independence of the Golden Horde following 1260. This term appears closer to what we see in Yuan and Mamluk sources, where the Golden Horde was usually called the ulus of Batu or Berke, or ulus of whoever was currently the reigning Khan. Either designating themselves by the current ruler, or by the more general ulug ulus, meaning “great state or patrimony,” with perhaps just the encampment of the Khan known as the altan ordu, the Golden Horde, among the Jochids themselves. Over the following episodes the term Jochid ulus will be used to refer to the state in general, and Golden Horde will be used specifically for the independent khanate which emerged after the Berke-Hülegü war in the 1260s. There is another matter with terminology worth pointing out before we go further. The Jochid domains were split into two halves; west of the Ural river, ruled by the line of Batu, Jochi's second son. And east of the Ural River, ruled by the line of Orda, Jochi's first son. Now, Batu may have been the general head of the Jochids, or a first amongst equals, or Orda and Batu may have been given totally distinct domains. Perhaps the ulus of Orda simply became more autonomous over the thirteenth century. Opinions differ greatly, and unfortunately little information survives on the exact relationship, but the ulus of Orda was, by 1300, effectively independent and the Batuid Khans Toqta and Özbeg would, through military intervention, bring it under their influence. So essentially, there were two wings of the Jochids with a murky relationship, which is further obfuscated by inconsistent naming of them in the historical sources. Rus' and Timurid sources also refer to the White Horde and the Blue Horde. The Rus' sources follow Turko-Mongolian colour directions and have the White Horde, the lands ruled by the line of Batu, the more westerly, and Orda's ulus being the Blue Horde to the east. Except in Timurid sources, this is reversed, with Batu's line ruling the Blue Horde, and Orda the White. There has been no shortage of scholarly debate over this, and you will see the terms used differently among modern writers. This is not even getting into the matter if the Golden Horde was then itself another division within this, referring to territory belonging directly to the Khan within the Batuid Horde. For the sake of clarity, this podcast will work on the following assumptions, with recognition that other scholars interpretations may differ greatly: that following Jochi's death around 1227, the Jochid lines and lands were divided among Batu and Orda, with Batu acting as the head of the lineage. The western half of this division, under Batu, we will call the White Horde, and Orda's eastern division will be the Blue Horde. Together, these were the Jochid ulus, with the rest of their brothers given allotments within the larger domains. While Batu was the senior in the hierarchy, Orda was largely autonomous, which following the Berke-Hülegü war turned into the Blue Horde becoming effectively independent until the start of the fourteenth century, as apparently suggested by Rashid al-Din and Marco Polo, One final note is that we have effectively no internal sources surviving from the Golden Horde. In the opinion of scholars like Charles Halperin, the Golden Horde simply had no chronicle tradition. Any records they maintained were likely lost in the upheavals of the late fourteenth century that culminated in the great invasion under Tamerlane in the 1390s, where effectively every major city in the steppe region of the Horde was destroyed. The closest we come to Golden Horde point-of-view chronicles appear in the sixteenth century onwards, long after the dissolution of the Horde. The first and most notable was the mid-sixteenth century Qara Tawarikh of Ötemish Hajji, based in Khiva in the service of descendants of Jochi's son, Shiban. Sent to the lower Volga by his masters, there he collected oral folk tales which he compiled into his history. While often bearing intriguing and amusing tales, they reveal little in the way of the internal machinations of the Golden Horde. Luckily we are serviced from more contemporary sources, most notably Ilkhanid and Mamluk sources- once again our friend the Ilkhanid vizier Rashid al-Din is of utmost importance, who provides us an important outline of the Golden Horde's politics up to 1300. The Mamluks and Ilkhanid sources largely collected information from Jochid diplomats or refugees. Most of our understanding of Golden Horde political events, and the details of the following episodes, comes from these sources. Post-Ilkhanid Timurid and Jalayirid authors help somewhat for the later fourteenth century, while the Rus' sources provide information on the Golden Horde almost exclusively in the context of its interactions with the principalities, similar to other European and Byzantine sources. A few details can be gleaned too from travellers like Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta, and even distant Yuan sources from China. Archaeology has provided some interesting details, particularly relating to trade and the extensive coinage circulation of the Jochids. Despite this, the Golden Horde remains, regardless of its fame, arguably one of the poorer understood of the Mongol Khanates. So, with that bit of paperwork out of the way, let's get on with it! The kernel of the immense Golden Horde can be found in the first decades of the thirteenth century. In the first ten years of the Mongol Empire Jochi, Chinggis Khan's first son, was tasked with leading campaigns around Lake Baikal, as well as the first expeditions that brought their armies far to the west of Mongolia. While around Baikal he had been sent to subdue the local peoples, in 1216 Jochi and Sübe'edei pursued fleeing Merkits across Kazakhstan, to the region between the Aral Sea and the Caspian. Here, the Merkits had allied with Qangli-Qipchaps, beginning the long running Mongol animosity to the various Qipchap peoples. While Jochi was the victor here, he was forced into battle with the Khwarezm-Shah Muhammad on his return, as we have previously detailed. But the result seems to have been an association of these western steppes as Jochi's lands, in the eyes of the Mongol leadership. Such an association was strengthened following the campaign against the Khwarezmian Empire. The Mongols saw conquering a region as making it part of the patrimony of a given prince, and such a belief fueled into the interactions between Jochi and his brothers, especially Chagatai. This was most apparent at the siege of the Khwarezmian capital of Gurganj, where Jochi sought to minimize destruction to the city- not out of humanity, but as it would be a jewel in his domains as one of the preeminent trade cities in Central Asia. Chagatai, in a long running competition with his brother, was not nearly so compassionate. The end result was Gurganj being almost totally annihilated, and Jochi and Chagatai's antagonism reaching the frustrated ears of their father. As you may recall, Jochi's mother Börte had been captured by Merkits before he was born, leaving an air of doubt around the true identity of his father. Chinggis, to his credit, always treated Jochi as fully legitimate, and indeed up until 1221, in the opinion of some scholars, appears to have been grooming him as his primary heir. However, the falling out between Jochi and Chagatai over the siege of Gurganj, and Chagatai's apparent refusal to accept Jochi as anything but a “Merkit bastard,” as attributed to him in the Secret History of the Mongols, left Chinggis with the realization that should Jochi become Khan, it would only lead to war between the brothers. And hence, the decision to make Ögedai the designated heir. It has often been speculated that Jochi's massive patrimony was essentially a means to keep him and Chagatai as far apart as possible,and appeasing Jochi once he was excluded from the throne. Following the conquest of Khwarezm, Jochi seems to have taken well to the western steppe being his territory, the grasslands between the Ural and Irtysh Rivers. Juzjani, writing around 1260, writes of Jochi falling in love with these lands, believing them to be the finest in the world. Some later, pro-Toluid sources portray Jochi then spending the last years of his life doing nothing but hunting and drinking in these lands, but this seems to have been aimed at discrediting his fitness. Rather he likely spent this time consolidating and gradually pushing west his new realm, past the Aral Sea towards the Ural River, while his primary camp was along the Irtysh. Though effectively nothing is known of Jochi's administration, we can regard this period as the true founding of what became the Jochid ulus, and eventually the Golden Horde. Though he died between 1225 and 1227, either of illness, a hunting accident or poisoned by his father, Chinggis immediately confirmed upon Jochi's many offspring -at least 14 sons- their rights to their father's lands. And Chinggis, or perhaps Ögedai, made Jochi's second son Batu the head of the lineage. It was then that the division of the Jochid lands into two wings under Orda and Batu may have been first implemented. By the start of Ögedai's reign, the western border of the Mongol Empire extended past the Ural River, and Mongol armies were attacking the Volga Bulghars. While we do not have much information on it, we may presume a level of involvement on the part of Batu and his brothers. Of course, in the second half of the 1230s Ögedai ordered the great invasion that overran the western steppe. Starting from the Ural River, within 5 years the Mongol Empire was extended some 3,000 kilometres westwards to the borders of Hungary. Whereas previously the urban area of the Jochid lands was restricted to the Khwarezm Delta and the scattered steppe settlements, now it included the cities of the Rus' principalities, Volga Bulghars, other Volga communities, and the Crimean peninsula. All in addition to the western half of the great Eurasian steppe, and the now subdued Cuman-Qipchaq peoples. By 1242, Batu was arguably the single most powerful individual in the Mongol Empire. Enjoying the rich grasslands along the Volga between the Black and Caspian Seas, Batu created a permanent capital, Sarai. Much like the imperial capital of Qaraqorum, Sarai served as a base to collect tribute, receive embassies, and house the administration and records, while Batu and the other Jochid princes continued to nomadize. The newly conquered territories were quickly incorporated in the Mongol tax system, and the Rus' principalities began to see Mongol basqaqs and darughachi come to collect the Khan's due. But Batu was an ambitious man. There was clearly an understanding that the Jochids were granted the west of Asia as theirs, and he took this quite literally. As the Mongol Empire incorporated Iran, the Caucasus and Anatolia over the 1230s through 40s, Batu ensured that Jochid land rights were not just respected, but expanded. The administration in these regions was picked either from Batu's men, or from his consultation, such as Baiju Noyan, the commander of the Caucasian tamma forces and who brought the Rumi Seljuqs under Mongol rule. In the turmoil following Ögedai's death, Batu extended his hold over western Asia. Naturally, this put him on a collision course with the Central Government. When Ögedai's widow, Törögene tried to hunt down her political rivals, such as the head of the Central Asia Secretariat Mas'ud Beg, Batu gave shelter to him. When her son Güyük took the throne, Batu did not attend his quriltai in person, putting off any meeting due to, Batu claimed, the severe gout he suffered from preventing his travel. Batu and Güyük had been rivals ever since the great western campaign, where Güyük had insulted Batu's leadership. Güyük hoped to put a cap on the decentralization of power which had occurred during the last years of his father's reign and during his mother's regency, and showed a willingness to execute imperial princes, such as the last of Chinggis Khan's surviving brothers, Temüge. When rumour came to Batu that Güyük was planning a massive new campaign to subdue the west, Batu must have suspected that Güyük planned on bringing him to heel too; either limiting his political freedom, or outright replacing him with Batu's older brother, Orda, with whom Güyük was on good terms with. The news of Güyük's advance came from Sorqaqtani Beki, the widow of Tolui and sister of one of Jochi's most important wives. Sources like William of Rubruck have Batu preemptively poison Güyük in spring 1248, thus avoiding civil war. Batu and Sorqaqtani then promptly had many of Güyük's favourites executed and, in a quriltai in Batu's territory, had her son Möngke declared Khan of Khans in 1250, before an official ceremony in Mongolia the next year. The relationship was an effective one. In being key supporters for Möngke's otherwise illegal election, Jochid land rights were confirmed across the empire. Transoxania was cleared of Chagatayids and handed over the Jochids, Georgia confirmed for Batu's younger brother Berke, and travellers who passed through the empire in these years like William of Rubruck basically have the empire divided between Batu and Möngke. Most of western Asia, both north and south of the Caucasus, was overseen by Batu and his men. When Batu died around 1255, the Jochids enjoyed a preeminence second only to the Great Khan himself. The special place of the Jochid leader was recognized by numerous contemporary sources, and it is notable that while the rest of the empire was divided into the great branch secretariats, that the Jochid lands were not placed into one until late in Möngke's reign, and there is little indication it was ever properly established before Jochid independence. However, despite even Möngke recognizing Batu's power, as a part of his wider centralizing efforts he reminded Batu of the leash on him. Batu's interactions with William of Rubruck indicate that Batu saw his power to conduct foreign diplomacy was limited; the Jochid lands were not exempted from Möngke's empire-wide censuses, and when Möngke demanded Batu provide troops for Hülegü's campaigns against the Nizari Ismailis and Baghdad, Batu duly complied. During Batu's lifetime it was the name of the Great Khan who continued to be minted on coinage in the Jochid lands, and Rus' princes still had to receive yarliqs, or confirmation, not from Batu but from Qaraqorum. And in 1257, Möngke ordered the Jochid lands to be incorporated into a new Secretariat, and thus bring them better under the control of the Central Government. There is no indication from the sources that Batu or his successors resisted Möngke in any capacity in these efforts Following Batu's death, Möngke promptly ratified Batu's son Sartaq as his successor, but as Sartaq returned from Qaraqorum, he died under mysterious circumstances; in a few sources, the blame falls onto his uncles, Berke and Berkechir. Sartaq's son or brother Ilagchi was made Khan under the regency of Batu's widow Boraqchin Khatun, but soon both were dead. Though Ilagchi's cause of death is unmentioned, for Boraqchin the Mamluk sources note that Berke had her tried and executed for treason. Still, for Sartaq and Ilagchi the tendency for Mongol princes to die at inopportune times can't be forgotten, and Berke may have simply reacted to a favourable circumstance. The fact that he stood with the most to gain from their deaths made him the likely scapegoat even to contemporary writers, even if he happened to actually be innocent of the matter. Much like how Batu may or may not have poisoned Güyük, the deaths are a little too convenient for the relevant Jochid princes to be easily dismissed. Between 1257 and 1259, possibly waiting for Möngke to begin his Song campaign and be unable to interfere, Berke became the head of the Jochid ulus. As the aqa of the Jochids, that is, the senior member of the line of Jochi, he did this with the approval of his fellow Jochid princes and military leaders. But there is no indication that Berke ever received support from Qaraqorum for his enthronement. Given that Chinggis Khan had confirmed upon Batu the right to rule, the shift from brother-to-brother, though common in steppe successions, was still an extreme matter. Part of the success of Berke's ascension may have been achieved through an agreement with Batu's family. According to the fourteenth century Mamluk author al-Mufaddal, the childless Berke designated Batu's grandson Möngke-Temür as his heir. Some historians like Roman Pochekaev have suggested that Berke's enthronement may have been leveraged as part of an agreement; that Berke, as the most senior member of the Jochids, could take the throne following the death of Ilagchi Khan. But, the prestige of Batu made his line the designated leaders of the White Horde. Without his own children, on Berke's death the throne would fall back to the line of Batu, under his grandson Möngke-Temür. And so it would remain among Batu's descendants until the 1360s, almost 100 years after Berke's death. As you likely know, Berke was the first Mongol prince known to convert to Islam. The exact time of his conversion varies in the sources, but a convincing argument has been put forward by professor István Vásáry. Essentially, that Berke, likely through a Muslim mid-wife that raised him (and not a Khwarezmian Princess, as sometimes suggested) was either in his youth a convert to Islam, or at least extremely influenced by it. By the time of the 1251 quriltai in Mongolia which confirmed Möngke as Great Khan, Berke is attested in independent sources writing at the same time to have sought to Islamize the event; getting the meat to be slaughtered for the feast to be halal, according to Juvaini, and trying to get Möngke to swear on the Quran, according to Juzjani. On his return from Mongolia, he was contacted by a Sufi shaykh in Bukhara, Sayf ad-Din Bakharzi, who is mentioned in a number of sources in connection with Berke's conversion. Having heard of a prominent Mongol prince's interest in Islam, the Shaykh invited Berke to Bukhara, and there gave him a formal education in the religion, leading to Berke to make a more official declaration of his faith likely around 1252. Berke's conversion was accompanied by the conversion of his wives, a number of other princes, members of his family and his generals, though all evidence suggests there was only limited spread of the faith among the rank and file Mongols at the time. As Khan, Berke sought to ensure Jochid hegemony on frontier regions. His troops crushed a newly independent Ruthenian Kingdom in Galicia, and in 1259 his armies under Burundai Noyan led a devastating raid into Poland. Possibly in this time Bulgaria began paying tribute to the Jochids as well. Berke demanded the submission of the Hungarian King, Béla IV, and offered a marriage alliance between their families. As Hungary was spared any damage in Burundai's 1259 campaign, it has been suggested that Béla undertook a nominal submission to Berke, sending tribute and gifts in order to spare Hungary from another assault. In Khwarezm and the Caucasus Berke continued to exercise influence. But tensions were fraying with his cousin Hülegü, who in 1258 sacked Baghdad and killed the ‘Abbasid Caliph. Obviously, as a Muslim Berke was not keen to learn of the Caliph's death. According to the contemporary author Juzjani, writing from distant Delhi, Berke had been in contact with the Caliph in the years preceding the siege. Much of Berke's anger though, as gleaned from his letters to the Mamluks and the writing of Rashid al-Din, was at Hülegü's failure to consult with Berke as the senior member of the family, and as the master of western Asia. Though Jochid troops partook in the siege, and we have no indication from the sources that Berke tried to prevent them taking part, it seems Hülegü did not reach out to Berke regarding the fate of Baghdad, or in the dispensation of loot. Berke was greatly angered at this, and relations only worsened over the following years, once Hülegü killed the Jochid princes in his retinue on charges of sorcery; it just so happened that these same prince had previously annoyed Hülegü through attempting to enforce Jochid land rights over Iran and Iraq. The final straw came in early 1260 once Hülegü learned of Möngke's death. Hülegü by then had already set up in the pastures of Azerbaijan, land Berke considered his. As he learned of the fighting between his brothers Khubilai and Ariq Böke which broke out later that year, Hülegü decided to use the interregnum to seize the pastures of the Caucasus, as well as all of the land between the Amu Darya and Syria, for himself. Berke's officials in these lands were driven out or killed. With no Great Khan to intercede, Berke felt forced to resort to violence to avenge his fallen kinsmen and retake his lands; in 1262 he went to war with Hülegü, and so did the Mongol Empire in the west split asunder. We've covered the Berke-Hülegü war in detail in a previous episode, so we don't need to repeat ourselves here. The end result was both Berke and Hülegü dead by 1266, and the frontier between them set along the Kura River, where Hülegü's son and successor Abaqa built a wall to keep out the Jochids- though the jury is out on whether he made them pay for it. The conflict set the border between the newly emerged Ilkhanate and the Jochid state for the next century, and the Jochids would not forget the sting of losing this territory to the Ilkhanids for that time either. On Berke's death his coffin was carried back to Sarai. Berke's reign, though much shorter than Batu's, had been a decisive one. For not only did it determine many aspects of the Golden Horde's diplomacy and character, notably antagonism to the Ilkhans, a predatory view to the Chagatayids who in the 1260s retook control of Transoxiana and killed Berke's officials, and a cool, distant view to Khubilai Khaan's legitimacy. He helped begin the alliance with the Mamluk Sultans, which never materialized into any actual military cooperation but uneased the Ilkhans and allowed the Mamluks to continue to purchase Qipchaq slaves from the steppe. This alliance too would survive essentially until the dissolution of the Golden Horde at the start of the fifteenth century. But it also seeded the kernel for eventual islamization of the Khanate, a slow process which would only be fulfilled some sixty years later under Özbeg Khan. While their father was the true founder of the Jochid ulus in the 1200s, both Batu and Berke could argue for this title. Batu posthumously became the Sain Khan, the Good Khan, while to the Mamluks the Golden Horde rulers ascended to the throne of Berke. With his death, it seems at Sarai a quriltai was held to confirm the enthronement of his grand-nephew, Möngke-Temür, the first true independent ruler of what we can call the Golden Horde, and subject of our new episode, so be sure to subscribe to the Kings and Generals Podcast to follow. If you enjoyed this and would like to help us continue bringing you great content, consider supporting us on patreon a www.patreon.com/kingsandgenerals, or giving us a like, comment and review on the podcast catcher of your choice, and share with your friends, it helps immensely. This episode was researched and written by our series historian, Jack Wilson. I'm your host David, and we'll catch you on the next one.
On March 10, 1943, under the orders of Adolf Eichmann, one of Hitler's architects of the Final Solution to the Jewish Question, railcars began rolling into the country of Belarus. The purpose? To transport all of the Jews of Bulgaria to the Death Camps of Treblinka located in German Occupied Poland. Bulgarian police began to round up Jews - going door-to-door as early as 3 in the morning. They were taken at gunpoint. Jewish collection centers were located in schools and other community centers. There was one problem, though - The Bulgarian People. You see, when the train cars began to arrive, the Bulgarian people united to save the Jews of their country. Although they did not know the Bulgarian Jews' final destination was to the death camps and gas chambers, some rumors had circulated the cities and towns. The Bulgarian Church led the opposition to the deportation of the Bulgarian Jews. If the Church allowed the Jews to be deported, they would have violated their obligations, the Rev. Boris Halapia stated. The word, WE MUST HELP. The whole Orthodox Church of Bulgaria came together - and sent a letter to the King, begging mercy for the Jews of the country. The Church also told the Chief of Police that they would not accept the mandate to deport the Jews from the country and would do anything possible to hinder the deportation efforts. Church followers began to arrive at the centers, and they told the frightened Jews that they would not let anything happen to them. Crowds protested across the country; the Church printed thousands of forged Baptismal certificates for Jews, risking their own lives. The falsification of faith - saved lives! It would take several months before Jews would return from hiding to their homes - much to the dismay of the Nazis. Hitler was furious. In a meeting with King Boris, he demanded the deportation of the Jews - Hitler went into a rage, King Boris recalled. Screaming; and going into a tirade, King Boris described - but Boris didn't surrender, not one inch. Boris told Hitler that Bulgaria needed the Jews for labor projects. Hitler did not believe the King, but he didn't want to lose an ally. He finally bought what Boris was selling and agreed, but only if all the Jewish men were relocated from the cities to labor camps. Some 20,000 Jews were indeed moved from the cities to the countryside - but not one of them outside the borders of Bulgaria. The deportation of the Jews of Bulgaria never took place. As a result, Bulgaria was the only country in Eastern Europe whose Jewish population remained the same throughout the Holocaust. It was known as The Miracle of the Jewish People Among the Jews of Bulgaria. This miracle was never made public immediately following World War II because the Soviet Government suppressed it - sound familiar? And Why? Because Communist Soviet Regime didn't want the credit of the rescue of these Jews given to a monarchy and The Church - both of which are enemies of The Soviet Union and communism. It would take the fall of The Iron Curtain in 1989 for this to finally become known. Folks, why do I tell this story? Is it because I am indeed a history nerd? Perhaps. But more to the point, I want to share that people can do many things when they come together for a common purpose. We are those people. As conservatives and challengers to our country's communistic push and pull, we are charged to protect what so many before us died to preserve. Granted, we are not coming together to save a race or population from mass murder and extinction. Instead, we are here to preserve the American way of life - that has been being attacked from within our borders. We now live in a society where we allow hundreds and thousands of tyrants in Washington DC to tell us how they think, believe, and parent. We sit back and buy into a system that government, not God, knows best. Music courtesy of Greg Shields Music. http://www.reverbnation.com/GregShields
Hannah Wagstaff is a 14-year-old MMA Fighter with a professional record of 3-1. She is also a white belt in Jiu-Jitsu and a balanced fighter with a great ground game, while still holding her own when she is standing. In this episode Hannah and her father, Chris, talk about how she got started in MMA, what the process has been like, and how it turned into a passion that her entire family supports and has a role in. They also talk about an opportunity she had to travel to Bulgaria to compete in the International Mixed Martial Arts Federation where she took the Gold Medal.They also talk about what it is like to compete and training as a professional fighter while balancing life. A rising star in the MMA community that has been recognized by many. She is humble and focused on representing her family and the United States! Find Chris and Hannah: Hannah Instagram Hannah Facebook Chris Wagstaff on Facebook Hannah on linktr.eeHannah Fight Stats on SmoothComp Hannah Wagstaff interview on Wombat Sports If you enjoyed this episode of Always in Pursuit, please share with a couple of your friends and leave us a review on whatever platform you use. Also find out more about AIP and the team at www.alwaysinpursuit.org. Thank you for tuning in to the show!Check out our amazing Sponsors Adyton PBC and Learn more about MUSTR app which is streamlining systems for leaders across the Department of Defense!
În vreme ce în România negocierile se îndreaptă spre același nume de premier desemnat și acum o lună, Bulgaria respiră cu speranță după al treilea rând de alegeri parlamentare anticipate într-un singur an. „Continuăm Schimbarea”, un partid apărut de numai câteva luni, dar cu doi lideri charismatici școliți la Harvard, a câștigat scrutinul de duminică. Kiril Petkov și Asen Vasilev l-au învins pe Boiko Borisov, după un deceniu în care fostul premier și-a convertit în bani puterea politică, dar și după luni de proteste la care, în ciuda pandemiei, bulgarii au ieșit să-i ceară demisia. Aruncăm o privire peste graniță ca să înțelegem de ce sunt bulgarii supărați pe politicienii lor, dar și ce efecte poate avea o criză politică întinsă pe aproape un an. Jurnalistul Georgi Gotev, senior editor la Euractiv, ne traduce în românește politica bulgărească și explică de ce ultimele alegeri dau și cea mai mare speranță că, de data asta, criza va fi depășită. On the Record este un podcast săptămânal produs de Recorder și susținut de Banca Transilvania. Partener: Aqua Carpatica.
Special IRRS Pandemic QSL card Live, off-air, one-hour recording of the audio of Stephen K. Bannon's "War Room: Pandemic" podcast episode no. 46. The program was broadcast by IRRS Shortwave, the Italian Radio Relay Service of the NEXUS International Broadcasting Association in Milano, Italy, on 16 March 2020 from 20:00 to 21:00 UTC on a shortwave frequency of 9660 kHz from a transmitter believed to be in Kostinbrod, Bulgaria, and beamed to Africa. IRRS does not identify the locations of the transmitters it uses. The transmitter was switched on several minutes before 20:00 UTC but the usual IRRS sign-on music was not broadcast and the first few seconds of the program audio were skipped. This episode of "War Room: Pandemic," entitled "Black Monday Deuce (Pt. 1)" concerned the effect of the pandemic on the economy on the day the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped nearly 3,000 points or about 13% of its value. The program lasts about 49 minutes with the rest of the hour being music fill. During the podcast, Bannon mentions the stations carrying the show including IRRS. There is an IRRS identification at the end of the recording before the transmitter signs off. IRRS broadcast "War Room: Pandemic" several times per day for a number of weeks in March and April 2020.The broadcast was received by the Web-interface wideband software-defined radio at the University of Twente in Enschede, The Netherlands, with a "Mini-Whip" antenna in AM synchronous mode with 5.08 kHz total bandwidth RF filtering. Reception was generally good although there is some noise possibly due to local interference.
I Campioni d'Europa non sanno più fare gol. La Svizzera invece sì: ne fa addirittura quattro alla Bulgaria e strappa il pass diretto per il Qatar 2022. All'Italia resta l'ultima speranza playoff a marzo, ma gli spettri del 2018 fanno paura e, oggi, ci interroghiamo su dove sia finita quella squadra che a luglio conquistava Wembley e adesso si complica la vita in un girone di qualificazione abbordabilissimo. Ne parliamo con Massimo Mauro e una pennellata a sorpresa di Claudio Marchisio. Con Leo Turrini convochiamo l'ex marciatore Alex Schwazer che, nel libro "Dopo il traguardo", ha appena raccontato la sua vita e la triste vicenda di doping, squalifiche ed errori che ha spezzato la sua carriera.
Episode Summary: Meet our guest in this episode, Natalia Karayaneva, the CEO of Propy, a Silicon Valley startup automating real estate transactions. In this episode, I chat with Natalia, who grew up in Russia. She was able to emigrate to Bulgaria and started her first company, a website development firm, at the age of 19. She obtained her Master's in Sustainable Urban Development from Oxford. Natalia covers the founding of Propy and how her real estate platform can bring the world of cryptocurrency, smart contracts, and the blockchain to all aspects of real estate transactions. Top Takeaways: "My passions lie in blockchain, real estate, and sustainability." - [Natalia Karayaneva] "Do it for the knowledge. Buy $100 of Bitcoin or Etheeum at CoinBase or any wallet and see how it works" - [Natalia Karayaneva] Resources Mentioned: https://www.amazon.com/The-Sovereign-Individual-audiobook/dp/B07TWNP9NB/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=sovereign+individual&qid=1637069075&qsid=134-5668460-5893830&sr=8-1&sres=0684832720%2CB07D81VLQH%2C1645020886%2C0767900464%2CB084SDW8GX%2C1546090789%2C1946697907%2C1737475731%2C2940631123%2C1736110527%2C1999257405%2C1544514212%2C0812979680%2CB08YQMC2WM%2C1492877670%2CB077BSK9LC (The Soverign Individual) Connect: Find | THE REAL ESTATE SESSIONS Athttp://www.therealestatesessions.com ( TheRealEstateSessions.com) Find | Bill Risser At firstname.lastname@example.org On https://twitter.com/billrisser (Twitter) On https://www.facebook.com/billrisser (Facebook) On https://www.youtube.com/user/billrisseraz (YouTube) Find | Natalia Karayaneva On Facebook -https://m.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1135141936 ( )https://www.facebook.com/natalie.karaya (Natalia Karayaneve) On LinkedIn –https://www.linkedin.com/in/karayaneva/ ( Natalia Karayaneva) On Instagram -https://www.instagram.com/natalie_karayaneva/ ( Natalia Karayaneva) RATE & SUBSCRIBE At http://www.ratethispodcast.com/REsessions ( Ratethispodcast.com/REsessions) On https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-real-estate-sessions/id1025257682?ls=1&mt=2 (Apple Podcasts) On https://podcasts.google.com/?feed=aHR0cDovL2JpbGxyaXNzZXIubGlic3luLmNvbS9yc3M= (Google Podcasts) On http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/bill-risser/the-real-estate-sessions?refid=stpr (Stitcher )
Social media giants, such as Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, TikTok and others have been at the center of many controversies lately. These include the recent social media outages which shocked the world on October 5th, 2021, raising many questions about how and why they happened, and their broad implications, as well as the recent congressional hearings around the dangers posed by many of these social media platforms, especially for children and teens. Dr. Sahar Khamis discussed this important topic with her guests Mr. Mike Sexton and Ms. Eliza Campbell Mr. Mike Sexton is a DC-based cyber policy and Middle East expert. Mike previously served as Fellow and Cyber Program Director at the Middle East Institute (MEI); Senior Fellow and Associate Director of the Qatar-America Institute; Senior Analyst at the Chertoff Group; and Data Manager at the Chicago Project on Security and Threats. Mike has published articles and reports on cyber attacks, cryptography, and their implications for national security, human security, and international norms. He also serves as Managing Editor for Charged Affairs, the official journal of Young Professionals in Foreign Policy. Ms. Eliza Campbell is the Director of the Middle East Institute (MEI) Cyber Program. She was previously a researcher in technology and human rights at the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown University, and she was a 2017-2018 Fulbright researcher in Bulgaria. She has worked in the humanitarian field in Jordan. She holds a bachelor's degree in political science and Arabic and a Masters degree in Arab Studies from Georgetown University. She co-edited with Mike Sexton the MEI-published book, Cyber War & Cyber Peace in the Middle East (October 2020). The episode was broadcast: 29/10/2021 US Arab Radio can be heard on wnzk 690 AM, WDMV 700 AM, and WPAT 930 AM. Please visit: www.facebook.com/USArabRadio/ Web site : arabradio.us/ Online Radio: www.radio.net/s/usarabradio Twitter : twitter.com/USArabRadio Instagram : www.instagram.com/usarabradio/ Youtube : US Arab Radio Show less
Dr. Ron is in the house! This week we have the pleasure of bringing you this wonderful treat of a chat with Dr. Ronald Harvey. Find out how he first discovered improv in Chicago during the 90's and then forgot about improv before life led him to living in Bulgaria and ultimately back to improv. There's all sorts of interesting topics discussed from music to psychology and it's an episode we can't wait for you to hear! Sit back, relax and enjoy Dr. Ron's true story about making stuff up.
Bulgaria (possibly) starts a war with Greece over a dog that strays over the border (maybe) and a bad dictator seizes on it as an opportunity to shore up a crumbling government. support the show: https://www.patreon.com/lionsledbydonkeys sources: https://www.warhistoryonline.com/war-articles/wars-fought-stupid-reasons-stray-dog-caused-war-greece-bulgaria-1925.html https://militaryhistorynow.com/2012/09/07/roll-over-and-play-dead-the-ridiculous-war-of-the-stray-dog/ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/desires-of-a-modern-indian/war-of-the-stray-dog-a-war-sparked-by-ridiculous-reasons/?source=app&frmapp=yes http://www.thathistorynerd.com/2017/03/war-of-stray-dog.html
“If you learn how to write powerfully, it unlocks the doors to opportunities.” Carla Bass One of the skills that can turn out to be a superior advantage in any career is effective writing. Considered to be an essential life skill, writing makes a great difference in one's ability to convey information, a key factor that drives successful careers. Our guest today, Carla bass, found the power of writing early on in her career in the military, and says that it is the key to influencing powerful outcomes. Carla D. Bass is a retired Air Force colonel and author of the book "Write to Influence!" which has won eight national-level awards. The ability to write powerfully was central to her success. Throughout her 45-year career (30 years in the Air Force and 15 with a federal agency), she composed products for Congress, the White House, generals, and ambassadors; hundreds of performance reviews; budget justifications; award nominations; and executive memoranda. As a lieutenant colonel, Carla transformed her 480-person unit from the most losing in state-wide professional competitions into the one to beat. How? She developed her writing methodology and taught her troops to compose compelling nominations. So successful was her program that she taught thousands of Air Force members for the next 15 years – to rave reviews. She now teaches workshops to clients that include government agencies, corporations, private businesses, NGOs, and academia. The second edition of "Write to Influence!" incorporates material from her highly acclaimed workshops. These include material that covers powerful writing to banish bureaucratic blather (for the workforce) to composing resumes, input for performance reviews, grant submissions, and essays for college applications. Carla's battle cries are twofold: "Powerful writing changes lives!" and "Powerful writing is the lifeblood of effective organizations!" In today's episode, Carla talks about how writing opened opportunities for her and many others while she was working for the military. She will also highlight how she helps others tap into the power of good writing. Listen in! Social media: www.linkedin.com/in/carladbass/ https://www.facebook.com/WriteToInfluence01/ https://www.twitter.com/CarlaDBassWrite/ I was the child of a military family and I decided when I was in seventh grade that I was going to join Air Force intelligence. [3:24] My father was at that point an Air Force officer intelligence and since I couldn't ask him what he was doing, I decided I will join it myself to find out. [3:50] One of the proudest day of my life is when my father Colonel Sand Bass gave me the oath of office and at that point he was a veteran and had had a bad stroke. [4:58] In my 30 years, I served in many places and Bulgaria was fascinating because I was the first female defense attache for 3 years representing all of America's military to our Bulgarian counterparts. [5:31] When my father commissioned me, he gave three pieces of advice; stay focused on the job, always keep your sense of humor and always take care of your people, and they will take care of you. [7:19] My becoming an entrepreneur goes back to Hawaii, when I transform the most losing unit into the one to beat and it was a pivotal point for me. [7:46] I realized that powerful writing changes lives after I took a couple of days and developed my writing methodology which helped us transform the unit into the one to beat. [8:03] I ended up teaching that one hour writing workshop for the next 15 years to 1000s of people. [8:50] By the time I retired I had received so many testimonials from people who said my writing had benefited their entire federal career. [9:02] I realized that I have something that works and It's proven and so I have to keep sharing it. [10:10] If you learn how to write powerfully, it unlocks the doors to opportunity. [11:34] People and organizations fail to achieve their goals because of ineffective writing. [13:23] It is important to gain the critical edge by learning how to write products that are concise and compelling. [13:34] Commercial break. [13:50] I love teaching workshops and with COVID, I had to do great with webinars and I cover a multitude of programs. [15:14] I've got one hour webinars on powerful writing for professionals or even fiction writers spend the captivating tale because every word counts. [16:07] Every author is constrained by two things, the readers time and available space and therefore the writer who best leverages his time and space wins. [16:32] What I teach you how to do is make every word count, and every second of the readers time play to your advantage. [17:11] It is a two-step process involving the strategies on how you arrange the logic of your presentation of your case, and the word sculpting tools. [17:27] The big mistake that people make in writing resumes is failing to know the audience and ensuring that every word spoken is addressing the needs of the employer. [18:26] Two important tips when writing a proposal include adding details on the how and the what as well as the impact of what you have done. [19:52] Another mistake people make is to think that the first draft is [21:43] Writing is like either chess or poker because it involves strategy and once you look at it from those angles, all of a sudden it is not so intimidating. [23:59] I have 10 word sculpting tools. One of which is verbs are your friends use them or rely on them and avoid using many words to suffocate the verb. [24:30] By sculpting out all of those useless words and redundancies, you not only tighten up the text, but you buy yourself more strategic opportunity. [25:54] Tool number two is called not to use words that hogs space to go from writing fat, to writing skinny. [26:56] Word sculpting tool number ten Is revise, edit, and proofread and these are three distinct functions, each with a separate list of criteria for which you search. [29:27] Learning to write powerfully is a life skill which need to be taught and passed down young adults because they're not getting it in school. [31:36] ……………………………………. Thank you to our November Sponsor: Entrepreneur's Guide to Financial Well-Being or Wayne Titus Imagine starting a long journey without a map…or even a clear idea of the obstacles ahead. That's exactly what it's like for entrepreneurs who start companies with a lot of passion, but without the financial expertise to grow and scale their businesses and create long-term wealth for their families. Wayne Titus shows you how to find a financial adviser who can help you map a better journey. In his book, The Entrepreneur's Guide to Financial Well-Being. With the right adviser at your side, you'll have the freedom to focus on what really matters to you. Get The Entrepreneur's Guide to Financial Well-Being at Amazon.com and in the virtual bookstore on the Shock Your Potential app.
This week the girls take aim at... Eccentric Millionaires Bianca opened the episode with a list of the top 20 richest people right now (thank you, Forbes). We immediately sh*t all over the usual suspects.Then Bianca spoke on the life and experiences of the very eccentric Jocelyn Wildenstein, who is one of the wealthiest divorcees in the world. What makes her legendary is the life she led and the plastic surgery journey she went through.Amy decided to cover the 18th Duchess of Alba, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva. The duchess was the most titled aristocrat until her death in 2014 holding over 50 hereditary titles. Sarah finishes us off with a self-made millionaire by the name of Scott Alexander. This gentleman made his first million in the first year of opening his company that caters to the wealthy who desire to have what they want without any of the waiting time. He also got into the property market and bought himself a town in Bulgaria back in 2006.We say it every week, however, we really want to hear from our listeners. If you have a topic you want us to take aim at, please hit us up at the links below:FacebookTwitterInstagramTumblrOr email us at - email@example.comHead on over to the blog: https://fridaynightwinefight.blogspot.com/ for accompanying content.Episode edited by BiancaTheme music by Joseph McDade https://josephmcdade.com/musicSupport the show (https://www.buymeacoffee.com/fnwfpodcast)
The new Maltese Exceptional Investor Naturalization (MEIN) program gives you an excellent opportunity to make a large donation and become a citizen of the European Union in just about 18 months but Bulgaria's lesser know program may offer similar benefits for a lower price tag. In this video, Andrew compares these two Citizenship by Investment programs. 00:00 Start 01:08 Malta citizenship by investment 2021 - MEIN - Bulgaria Citizenship by Investment 2021 2:33 What is the quickest way to get a passport? - Government funding programs 5:40 Living in Europe - Long term EU residence permit - Life in Ireland - Life in Malta - life in Switzerland 7:22 Economic citizenship 7:50 Bulgarian citizenship 8:23 Visa Waiver Program - Maltese passport 9:52 language requirement for citizenship - Bulgarian language - Maltese passport? https://nomadcapitalist.com/citizensh... Andrew Henderson and the Nomad Capitalist team are the world's most sought-after experts on legal offshore tax strategies, investment immigration, and global citizenship. We work exclusively with seven- and eight-figure entrepreneurs and investors who want to "go where they're treated best". Work with Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/apply/ Andrew has started offshore companies, opened dozens of offshore bank accounts, obtained multiple second passports, and purchased real estate on four continents. He has spent the last 12 years studying and personally implementing the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle. Our growing team of researchers, strategies, and implementers add to our ever-growing knowledge base of the best options available. In addition, we've spent years studying the behavior of hundreds of clients in order to help people get the results they want faster and with less effort. About Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/about/ Our Website: http://www.nomadcapitalist.com Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nomadcapitalist Buy Andrew's Book: https://amzn.to/2QKQqR0 DISCLAIMER: The information in this video should not be considered tax, financial, investment, or any kind of professional advice. Only a professional diagnosis of your specific situation can determine which strategies are appropriate for your needs. Nomad Capitalist can and does not provide advice unless/until engaged by you.
Episodio grabado y emitido en Twitch durante la noche del lunes 1 de noviembre. - Twitter: @FFevermedia - Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/footballfevermedia - Juego de pronósticos: https://www.kicktipp.es/footballfever/ https://www.kicktipp.es/ffeverucl/ - Contacto: firstname.lastname@example.org Contenido: - Resumen de competiciones y segundas categorías de: - Premier League (10') - Serie A (37') - Bundesliga (59'), - Ligue 1 (1h11') Repaso al resto de competiciones (1h25'): Liga Portugal, Eredivisie neerlandesa, Jupiler belga, Premier rusa, Ucrania, Escocia, Turquía, Grecia, Chipre, Serbia, Croacia, Eslovenia, República Checa, Dinamarca, Suecia, Finlandia, Noruega, Irlanda, Kazajstán, Bulgaria, Rumanía, Brasil, Argentina, Liga MX y MLS Con Xapa Red (@Xapa_red) Presentado y editado por Javier Quirós Sánchez (@JavierQS21)
Il livello dei contagi Covid resta stabile in Italia, Spagna e Francia, ma nella mappa aggiornata dell'Ecdc, il Centro europeo per la prevenzione e il controllo delle malattie (agenzia indipendente dell'Unione europea con lo scopo di rafforzare le difese dei paesi membri dell'Unione nei confronti delle malattie infettive), tornano in rosso scuro la Vallonia (Belgio), il sud dell'Irlanda, la Croazia, le regioni orientali della Polonia e quelle settentrionali della Grecia, Bulgaria e Romania. Nel fine settimana, la presidente della Commissione europea von der Leyen sarà a Roma per il summit del G20 ha indicato i due punti della sua agenda con uno sguardo anche a Glasgow. "Per uscire dal Covid-19 - ha detto - dobbiamo incrementare la vaccinazione a livello globale e migliorare la preparazione alla pandemia; secondo, servono impegni per il clima e piani concreti da parte del G20 per aprire la strada al successo della Cop26".
Maria Popova is a reader and a writer, and writes about what she reads on The Marginalian, formerly Brain Pickings (themarginalian.org), which is included in the Library of Congress's permanent digital archive of culturally valuable materials. She hosts The Universe in Verse—an annual celebration of science through poetry—at the interdisciplinary cultural center Pioneer Works in Brooklyn. She grew up in Bulgaria immersed in music and mathematics.
>>> Support the podcast, become a patron: www.patreon.com/TalkEasternEurope Earlier this month was a the EU-Western Balkan Summit in Brdo Slovenia. While there has been a lot of talk of seeking a breakthrough in opening the EU membership door for Western Balkans, not much came to fruition as a result of the high level meeting. Nevertheless, it is important to understand current issues regarding Western Balkans, their relations with the European Union and what might come next.In this episode of Talk Eastern Europe, Maciek catches up with Marta Szpala an analyst at the Warsaw-based Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW), to get her insight on the current developments in the region of Western Balkans.**************Full text of the Brdo declaration of the EU-Western Balkans summit: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/52280/brdo-declaration-6-october-2021-en.pdf TEE Episode 61: Bulgaria blocks North Macedonia's EU aspirations https://www.spreaker.com/user/talkeasterneurope/tee-61 The Berlin Process and why the EU remains a political dwarf in the Balkans by Ivan Pepic: https://neweasterneurope.eu/2019/08/12/the-berlin-process-and-why-the-eu-remains-a-political-dwarf-in-the-balkans/ Talk Eastern Europe is a member of the EuroPod Network. Learn more here: https://www.bullemedia.eu/europod
This is Coronavirus 411, the latest COVID-19 info and new hotspots for October 27th, 2021. As expected, FDA advisors unanimously voted to endorse the Pfizer vaccine for kids five to 11. Federal authorization could come in the next few days. The pediatric version would be equal to a third of an adult dose. The panel said the benefits outweigh the risks that include a rare heart-related side effect seen in teens and young adults. Things continue to look rough in Eastern Europe. The daily number of deaths in Russia hit another high yesterday even as most Russians stayed home from work this week. Ukraine and Bulgaria also reported record daily death tolls. In addition to closures, Russian authorities have strengthened enforcement of mask mandates. Further to the west, the Belgian government has reimposed some restrictions that were relaxed just a few weeks ago as hospitalizations increased 69%. In the U.S., emergency rooms are slammed, but not with COVID patients. A secondary health crisis caused by the pandemic are all the people who put off seeking care for other issues, but who are now coming in even worse off. Many wind up on stretchers lining hallways for hours with plenty of noise and foot traffic going by. Here's a story about at least an attempt to return to normalcy. Louisiana is ending its statewide indoor mask mandate after seeing a sharp decline in new infections. However, the Governor is keeping some masking rules in place for the state's K-12 schools. LSU said it's keeping its indoor mask mandate no matter what the state says, and New Orleans indicated it also may not follow the Governor's lead. A report from the American Psychological Association says stress from the pandemic has people struggling to make even small decisions. Almost a third of adults question even basic day-to-day choices like what to eat or wear. It's especially a problem for parents and Millennials. And there are problems making big decisions too, with 61% saying the pandemic has made them question how they've been living their lives. In the United States cases were down 22%, deaths are down 11%, and hospitalizations are down 19% over 14 days. The 7-day average of new cases has been trending down since September 13. There are 9,362,598 active cases in the United States. With not all states reporting daily numbers, the five states with the greatest increase in hospitalizations per capita: New Hampshire 53%, Maine 31%, Vermont 30%, Rhode Island 19%, and Alaska 18%. The top 10 counties with the highest number of recent cases per capita according to The New York Times: Nome Census Area, AK. Goshen, WY. Boundary, ID. Bethel Census Area, AK. Kodiak Island Borough, AK. Kenai Peninsula Borough, AK. Fergus, MT. Matanuska-Susitna Borough, AK. Humboldt, NV. And Stark, ND. There have been at least 738,877 deaths in the U.S. recorded as Covid-related. The top 3 vaccinating states by percentage of population that's been fully vaccinated were not updated so remain: Vermont at 70.9%, Rhode Island at 70.4%, and Connecticut at 70.3%. The bottom 3 vaccinating states are West Virginia at 41%, Idaho at 43.4%, and Wyoming at 43.5%. The percentage of the U.S. that's been fully vaccinated is 57.4%. The five countries with the largest 24-hour increase in the number of fully vaccinated people; Taiwan up 4%, Oceana 2%, and South Korea, Ethiopia, and Australia 1%. Globally, cases were down 1% and deaths were down 2% over 14 days, with the 7-day average trending down since October 22. There are 17,947,016 active cases around the world. The five countries with the most new cases: The United States 69,634. The U.K. 40,954. Russia 36,446. Turkey 29,643. And Germany 20,955. There have been at least 4,962,804 deaths reported as... See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
This is Vaccine 411, the latest coronavirus vaccine information for October 27th, 2021. As expected, FDA advisors unanimously voted to endorse the Pfizer vaccine for kids five to 11. Federal authorization could come in the next few days. The pediatric version would be equal to a third of an adult dose. The panel said the benefits outweigh the risks that include a rare heart-related side effect seen in teens and young adults. Things continue to look rough in Eastern Europe. The daily number of deaths in Russia hit another high yesterday even as most Russians stayed home from work this week. Ukraine and Bulgaria also reported record daily death tolls. In addition to closures, Russian authorities have strengthened enforcement of mask mandates. Further to the west, the Belgian government has reimposed some restrictions that were relaxed just a few weeks ago as hospitalizations increased 69%. In the U.S., emergency rooms are slammed, but not with COVID patients. A secondary health crisis caused by the pandemic are all the people who put off seeking care for other issues, but who are now coming in even worse off. Many wind up on stretchers lining hallways for hours with plenty of noise and foot traffic going by. Here's a story about at least an attempt to return to normalcy. Louisiana is ending its statewide indoor mask mandate after seeing a sharp decline in new infections. However, the Governor is keeping some masking rules in place for the state's K-12 schools. LSU said it's keeping its indoor mask mandate no matter what the state says, and New Orleans indicated it also may not follow the Governor's lead. A report from the American Psychological Association says stress from the pandemic has people struggling to make even small decisions. Almost a third of adults question even basic day-to-day choices like what to eat or wear. It's especially a problem for parents and Millennials. And there are problems making big decisions too, with 61% saying the pandemic has made them question how they've been living their lives. In the United States cases were down 22%, deaths are down 11%, and hospitalizations are down 19% over 14 days. The 7-day average of new cases has been trending down since September 13. There are 9,362,598 active cases in the United States. With not all states reporting daily numbers, the five states with the greatest increase in hospitalizations per capita: New Hampshire 53%, Maine 31%, Vermont 30%, Rhode Island 19%, and Alaska 18%. The top 10 counties with the highest number of recent cases per capita according to The New York Times: Nome Census Area, AK. Goshen, WY. Boundary, ID. Bethel Census Area, AK. Kodiak Island Borough, AK. Kenai Peninsula Borough, AK. Fergus, MT. Matanuska-Susitna Borough, AK. Humboldt, NV. And Stark, ND. There have been at least 738,877 deaths in the U.S. recorded as Covid-related. The top 3 vaccinating states by percentage of population that's been fully vaccinated were not updated so remain: Vermont at 70.9%, Rhode Island at 70.4%, and Connecticut at 70.3%. The bottom 3 vaccinating states are West Virginia at 41%, Idaho at 43.4%, and Wyoming at 43.5%. The percentage of the U.S. that's been fully vaccinated is 57.4%. The five countries with the largest 24-hour increase in the number of fully vaccinated people; Taiwan up 4%, Oceana 2%, and South Korea, Ethiopia, and Australia 1%. Globally, cases were down 1% and deaths were down 2% over 14 days, with the 7-day average trending down since October 22. There are 17,947,016 active cases around the world. The five countries with the most new cases: The United States 69,634. The U.K. 40,954. Russia 36,446. Turkey 29,643. And Germany 20,955. There have been at least 4,962,804 deaths reported as... See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
He was born early in the thirteenth century to a peasant family in the village of Basarov, then part of Bulgaria. Even in childhood, he gave himself to fasting and prayer. Once, walking across a field, he accidentally stepped on a bird's nest in the grass, killing the young birds. He was so filled with remorse that he went barefoot for three years, winter and summer, in penance. When he was grown he joined a monastery and, after a few years of community life, received a blessing to dwell in a cave near the River Lom. After many years of solitary struggle, he reposed in his cave. Three hundred years passed, during which all memory of the simple ascetic was lost. Then, one Spring the river flooded the cave and carried off Demetrius' body, which had lain incorrupt in the cave for centuries. The body was carried downstream and buried in gravel. Another hundred years went by, and the Saint appeared in a dream to a paralyzed girl, telling her to ask her parents to take her to the river bank, where she would be healed. The family, along with many clergy and villagers, went to a spot where some local people had earlier seen an unexplained light. They dug and soon unearthed the still-incorrupt and radiant body of St Demetrius, by which the girl was instantly healed. A church was built in the village of Basarabov to honor the precious relics, and through the years the Saint worked many miracles there. In 1774, during the Russian-Turkish war, General Peter Saltikov ordered the holy relics taken to Russia so that they would not be desecrated by the Turks. When the relics came to Bucharest, a pious Christian friend of the General begged him not to deprive the country of one of its most precious saints; so the General took only one of the Saint's hands, sending it to the Kiev Caves Lavra. Saint Demetrius' body was placed in the cathedral of Bucharest, where it has been venerated ever since. Every year on October 27, a three-day festival is held in the Saint's honor, attended by crowds of the faithful.
Warrior: Javor Milanov AI: Relapsing Remitting MS HSCT: Scheduled in March 2022 Superpowers: Consistency How well do you attune with culture? Is your mindset one of growth, or is it fixed? How do you navigate your internal compass? After his diagnosis, Javor felt tired and run-down facing his experience as a new immigrant working three or four jobs at a time. He experienced terrible side effects after steroids and trying an initial disease modifying therapy, so returned home to Bulgaria for a long respite. Rest, reduced stress, and time with family and friends helped reduce his symptoms and after six months, he returned to Canada and began noticing his disease becoming more active. Refusing to accept an incurable disease as his destiny, Javor made radical changes to his diet and lifestyle to become as healthy as possible. Tune in to learn more about Javor's experience with the Wahl diet, mesenchymal stem cells in Panama, how he leaned on the discipline of swimming to keep his motivation and disposition positive, and his ability to anticipate (rather than react) to what is on the horizon, including his plans to pursue HSCT in Russia. Be sure to visit our website, HSCTWarriorsPodcast.org where you can find notes from today's episode, submit ideas or feedback, or connect with HSCT Warriors, Inc. and schedule time to “Talk with a Warrior”, find the latest research and resources, or explore the world map. Special thanks to musical genius Billy Alletzhauser for sharing his superpowers to produce the soundtrack, and engineer the audio to make this podcast possible. You can find us both when you subscribe on SoundCloud, iTunes or wherever you find podcasts. It has been great to connect with Warriors worldwide, so please reach out if you're interested in sharing your story. We would love to learn how the podcast has helped your journey with autoimmune disease so if you could take a moment, leave us a comment on instagram or share feedback on our website. We hope you'll tune in next Wednesday for another episode, highlighting another HSCT Warrior. Until then, be a snowflake and embrace your superpowers. Be kind. Be well. _________________________________ Jen Stansbury Koenig and the producers disclaim medical influence and responsibility for any possible adverse effects from the use of information contained herein. If you think you have a medical problem, please contact a licensed physician.
Maria Popova is a reader and a writer, and writes about what she reads on The Marginalian, formerly Brain Pickings (themarginalian.org), which is included in the Library of Congress's permanent digital archive of culturally valuable materials. She hosts The Universe in Verse—an annual celebration of science through poetry—at the interdisciplinary cultural center Pioneer Works in Brooklyn. She grew up in Bulgaria immersed in music and mathematics.
Verso una terza dose per tutti e a partire da gennaio, così il Sottosegretario alla Salute Sileri. Un milione di green pass scaricati, ieri: 900mila da tampone, oltre 100 mila da vaccino. Con l'inverno che sta arrivando in alcuni paesi si inizia a parlare di quarta ondata di covid. Crescono i contagi e in alcuni paesi crescono anche i ricoveri e i decessi. In modo più preoccupante in Russia, Romania, Bulgaria, ma anche in Gran Bretagna e in modo meno grave in Germania. Ne parliamo con Matteo Villa dell'ISPI. Dopo l omicidio in un a sparatoria di un pregiudicato coinvolto nello spaccio di droga a Buccinasco, l 11 ottobre scorso, il sindaco di Buccinasco, Rino Pruiti, ha lanciato un appello: "Ho passato l'ultima settimana in televisione, ci sono stati articoli, ho fatto interviste. Tutto questo non ha portato neanche a una telefonata di un sottosegretario. Ma non ci scomponiamo altrimenti non faremmo quello che facciamo e stiamo facendo. Andiamo avanti". Ecobouns per l'acquisto dell'auto, da domani via alle prenotazioni. In vista anche una stretta sui monopattini elettrici. Maurizio Caprino (Il Sole 24 Ore).
Now that every possible faction in Bulgaria's chaotic political system has angered every other faction, it seems only two things can now unite them: a desire to restore the Tarnovo Constitution and to show their anger towards Russia. Now it remains to be seen just how they will go about these two missions. Supporters like you make this podcast happen! Check out www.patreon.com/bulgarianhistorypodcast to see the great perks you can get for supporting us. You can find images for this episode at: www.bghistorypodcast.com/post/147-a-punch-in-the-nose
If you're looking to live in Europe, you're probably looking for the fastest way to move there. In this video, Andrew shares Europe's fastest citizenship without donation as a requirement. 00:00 Start 0:47 Bulgaria - Bulgarian citizenship - European Union citizenship 1:07 Bulgaria citizenship by investment 1:57 Golden Visa programs - Portugal Golden Visa 2:30 Caribbean citizenship by investment 2:30 Investing 5:03 Visa policy of the Schengen Area 7:44 Bulgaria vs. Portugal https://nomadcapitalist.com/second-pa... Andrew Henderson and the Nomad Capitalist team are the world's most sought-after experts on legal offshore tax strategies, investment immigration, and global citizenship. We work exclusively with seven- and eight-figure entrepreneurs and investors who want to "go where they're treated best". Work with Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/apply/ Andrew has started offshore companies, opened dozens of offshore bank accounts, obtained multiple second passports, and purchased real estate on four continents. He has spent the last 12 years studying and personally implementing the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle. Our growing team of researchers, strategies, and implementers add to our ever-growing knowledge base of the best options available. In addition, we've spent years studying the behavior of hundreds of clients in order to help people get the results they want faster and with less effort. About Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/about/ Our Website: http://www.nomadcapitalist.com Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nomadcapitalist Buy Andrew's Book: https://amzn.to/2QKQqR0 DISCLAIMER: The information in this video should not be considered tax, financial, investment, or any kind of professional advice. Only a professional diagnosis of your specific situation can determine which strategies are appropriate for your needs. Nomad Capitalist can and does not provide advice unless/until engaged by you.
I talk with the writers and editors of Terrorism in the Cold War a new two volume book that uses a wide range of case studies including Polish Military Intelligence and Its Secret Relationship with the Abu Nidal Organization and Gladio – Myth and Reality: The Origins and Function of Stay Behind in the Case of Post-war Austria. The book sheds new light on the relations between state and terrorist actors, allowing for a fresh and much more insightful assessment of the contacts, dealings, agreements and collusion with terrorist organizations undertaken by state actors on both sides of the Iron Curtain.You will learn that these state-terrorism relationships were not only much more ambiguous than much of the older literature had suggested but are, in fact, crucial for the understanding of global political history in the Cold War era.If you are enjoying the podcast I could use some support to enable me to continue recording these incredible stories. If you become a monthly supporter via Patreon, you will get the sought after CWC coaster as a thank you and bask in the warm glow of knowing you are helping to preserve Cold War history.Just go to https://coldwarconversations.com/donate/If you can't wait for next week's episode do visit our Facebook discussion group where guests and listeners continue the Cold War Conversation. Just search Cold War Conversations in Facebook.There's more in the episode notes here coldwarconversations.com/episode205/I am delighted to welcome Thomas Riegler, Przemyslaw Gasztold and Adrian Hänni to our Cold War conversation…Thank you very much for listening. It is really appreciated.Book Giveaway - Terrorism in the Cold WarDetails on this link. https://coldwarconversations.com/episode205/ Have a look at our store and find the ideal gift for the Cold War enthusiast in your life? Just go to https://coldwarconversations.com/store/Support the show (https://www.patreon.com/coldwarpod)
Portugal Golden Visa Program vs. Bulgaria Citizenship: which program offers better benefits? In this video, Andrew compares these two programs to provide you with an insight on which one can better cater to your needs. 00:00 Start 0:50 Investment - Portugal - Bulgaria - Real estate in Portugal 2:30 Living in Europe 3:43 Travel 5:56 Speed 6:24 Language 7:10 Presence https://nomadcapitalist.com/ Andrew Henderson and the Nomad Capitalist team are the world's most sought-after experts on legal offshore tax strategies, investment immigration, and global citizenship. We work exclusively with seven- and eight-figure entrepreneurs and investors who want to "go where they're treated best". Work with Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/apply/ Andrew has started offshore companies, opened dozens of offshore bank accounts, obtained multiple second passports, and purchased real estate on four continents. He has spent the last 12 years studying and personally implementing the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle. Our growing team of researchers, strategies, and implementers add to our ever-growing knowledge base of the best options available. In addition, we've spent years studying the behavior of hundreds of clients in order to help people get the results they want faster and with less effort. About Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/about/ Our Website: http://www.nomadcapitalist.com Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nomadcapitalist Buy Andrew's Book: https://amzn.to/2QKQqR0 DISCLAIMER: The information in this video should not be considered tax, financial, investment, or any kind of professional advice. Only a professional diagnosis of your specific situation can determine which strategies are appropriate for your needs. Nomad Capitalist can and does not provide advice unless/until engaged by you.
We loved this book! If you're also a fan of Practical Magic, Hocus Pocus, and books both spooky and pretty, Lana's newest work, Payback's A Witch, is a beautiful, fun, sexy rom com for your October. We discuss how to know when you've written *just* enough description (and the fact that many readers don't want to smell characters), writing villains we can't stand (who are just charming enough to be believable), and the creation of a magical system (which is somehow, at once, beautiful, believable, and escapist). Lana studied psychology and literature at Yale University and law at Boston University. She is a graduate of the Emerson College publishing and writing program and the author of YA novels Wicked Like a Wildfire, Fierce Like a Firestorm, Blood Countess, the forthcoming Poison Priestess, and the adult rom-com, Payback's A Witch, from Berkley Books. Lana was born in Serbia and lived in Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania before moving to the United States. She lives in Chicago with her family.
Texte:Est-ce que les vins de la célèbre région de Bordeaux pourraient bientôt être produits à partir de variétés de raisins du Portugal, de Grèce ou de Bulgarie ?Traduction:Could wines from France's famed Bordeaux region soon be made with grape varieties from Portugal, Greece or Bulgaria?
Imagine growing up in communist eastern Europe with an unflattering perspective about people in the west. Then as a teenager, you immigrate to the U.K. and suddenly your outlook gets turned around on its head. My guest Dessy Tslova has had to overcome culture, media, and so-called acceptable social norms from her native Bulgaria to be the creative entrepreneur she is today. She loves fashion and design and has really come a long way over the years working with me, but I'll let her tell you her story. You're sooo gonna want to tune into this episode! 1:51 - What it was like growing up in communist Europe and getting exposed to Western culture 4:57 - Some of the biggest challenges Dessy faced when exploring fashion as a money-making endeavor 9:59 - How entrepreneurship felt for Dessy after she went solo 13:39 - A discovery Dessy made since becoming a parent that used to hold her back 15:59 - How Dessy got past her conditioning about seeking help to work with me 23:31 - Dessy describes how her mentality is stronger these days 24:26 - The negative consequences of following the old adage “forgive and forget” 30:01 - The pandemic-related evolution that's transforming Dessy's life right now Have you read up on mindset hacks, tips, and tricks but have yet to get the results you want? With The Mindset Myth, you'll discover the real reason you're not getting the breakthroughs that others enjoy. Download your copy of The Mindset Myth here. Thanks for tuning in today! I'd love it if you could head over to Apple Podcasts and leave a positive review, so we can reach even more people, so they can change their lives. That positive energy of sharing comes back to you as we spread this message.
The idea of living in Europe and obtaining second citizenship there is attractive for individuals from high-tax countries. Wondering which European passport is the worst from a travel perspective? In this video, Andrew shares three of the European Union's worst passports from a travel perspective. 00:00 Start 1:23 Visa Waiver Program 3:18 Bulgaria 3:20 Romania 3:21 Cyprus https://nomadcapitalist.com/ Andrew Henderson and the Nomad Capitalist team are the world's most sought-after experts on legal offshore tax strategies, investment immigration, and global citizenship. We work exclusively with seven- and eight-figure entrepreneurs and investors who want to "go where they're treated best". Work with Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/apply/ Andrew has started offshore companies, opened dozens of offshore bank accounts, obtained multiple second passports, and purchased real estate on four continents. He has spent the last 12 years studying and personally implementing the Nomad Capitalist lifestyle. Our growing team of researchers, strategies, and implementers add to our ever-growing knowledge base of the best options available. In addition, we've spent years studying the behavior of hundreds of clients in order to help people get the results they want faster and with less effort. About Andrew: https://nomadcapitalist.com/about/ Our Website: http://www.nomadcapitalist.com Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=nomadcapitalist Buy Andrew's Book: https://amzn.to/2QKQqR0 DISCLAIMER: The information in this video should not be considered tax, financial, investment, or any kind of professional advice. Only a professional diagnosis of your specific situation can determine which strategies are appropriate for your needs. Nomad Capitalist can and does not provide advice unless/until engaged by you.
One of the big reasons I record this podcast every day is to try and feature as many voices and tech communities from around the world, NOT just silicon valley. So today, I am excited to take you on a trip to Bulgaria, where Hristo Borisov, Co-Founder & CEO of Payhawk, discusses how and why fragmentation in fintech is coming to an end. Payhawk is an all-in-one integrated finance platform for businesses, combining credit cards, payments, expenses, cash management and pre-accounting into one platform to give businesses maximum control and visibility over their spending. The company is London founded and headquartered, with Bulgarian roots, and recently raised $20m from Klarna's investors QED. Its customers include the likes of Zenloop, Nexo, and Telus. Due to Payhawk's technology, the average finance team saves 2-3 days of work each month and broadly speaking, a customer with approximately 100 expenses per month can save an extra $3,540 per month on average when switching from manual processes to Payhawk. We discuss how Payhawk reimagines how payment works (by simplifying and automating processes and building an end-to-end experience). We also talk about how banks and fintechs could coexist in the future? (working together rather than against them). Podcast Sponsor Download Hirect, the free app is trusted by 10,000+ startups who chat directly with ideal candidates and accelerate their hiring process 10x faster than traditional ways.
Two tour guides from Sofia explain why Bulgaria is one of Europe's most underrated travel destinations (hint: it has a long, fascinating history — and bargain prices). Author Francine Falk-Allen shares know-how and insights for traveling with a physical disability. And author Richard Cohen describes the varied ways human cultures have long celebrated — and feared — our life-giving nearby star. For more information on Travel with Rick Steves - including episode descriptions, program archives and related details - visit www.ricksteves.com.
Kenan Dinkelmann grew up in Passau, Germany and graduated from Artez, School of Dance, Arnhem with a BA of performing arts and completed the SEAD postgraduate program Bodhi Project directed by Susan Quinn where he toured works by Jozef Frucek & Linda Kapetanea, Martin Nachbar and Robert Clark in Europe. As freelance dancer Kenan worked with Johannes Wieland, Marion Sparber, Ivan Perez, Unterwegstheater and Anton Lachky. From 2015 till 2017 he joined the dance company of Stadttheater Bielefeld where he danced in works by Wim Vandekeybus, Simone Sandroni and Sharon Fridman. Kenan is guest teacher at Stadttheater Bielefeld, Marameo Berlin, TRAK Dance Ensemble and Tanzbüro Basel. Furthermore he tours his Flow Acrobatics workshops in Europe and offers online training programs and online coaching in Flow Acrobatics. As a choreographer Kenan created the piece „Astral“ which was premiered in Sofia, Bulgaria with further shows in Dock11 Berlin and Arnhem, Netherlands.
Laura joins Minh on location in Bulgaria to hear about his latest projects there. Some of the topics discussed include developing relationships, navigating production safety in light of Covid-19, and what it is like filming in Bulgaria. Get in touch with Minh on Facebook and Instagram: @minhcollins To find out more about Laura and her work please visit her website at www.laurapowers.net. You can also find Laura on Twitter @thatlaurapowers, on Facebook @thatlaurapowers, and on Instagram and TikTok at laurapowers44.
"Born in the village of Slatina in the Meglin region [of Bulgaria], of poor peasants who had three other daughters, St Zlata was a meek and devout girl, wise with Christ's wisdom and golden ('zlata' means 'gold') not only in name but also in her God-fearing heart. When Zlata went out one day to get water, some shameless Turks seized her and carried her off to their house. When one of them urged her to embrace Islam and become his wife, Zlata answered fearlessly: 'I believe in Christ, and know Him alone as my bridegroom; I shall never deny Him even if you put me to a thousand tortures and cut me into pieces.' Her parents and sisters then arrived, and said to her: 'O our daughter, have mercy on yourself and us. Deny Christ publicly, that we can all be happy. Christ is merciful; He will forgive your sin, committed under the pressure of life.' Her poor parents and kinsfolk wept bitterly. But Zlata's heroic soul would not be overcome by devilish seduction. She replied to her parents: 'When you urge me to deny Christ, the true God, you are no longer parents or sisters to me; I have the Lord Jesus Christ as father, the Mother of God as mother and, for brothers and sisters, the saints.' Then the Turks threw her into prison, where she lay for three months, and they took her out every day and flogged her until her blood flowed onto the ground. Finally, they hanged her upside-down and made a fire to choke her to death with the smoke. But God was with Zlata, and gave her strength in her suffering. At the very end, they hanged her from a tree and cut her into small pieces. Thus this martyr-maiden gave her soul into God's hands, and entered into the realm of Paradise, in 1796. Pieces of her relics were taken by Christians to their homes, that they might bring a blessing to them." (Prologue)
Lars Mittank was a young German engineer on holiday in Bulgaria with his friends when he went missing from the Varna Airport. His case became well known when CCTV footage of Lars sprinting in terror from the airport was shared on social media. The sensational nature of the video overshadows many details of his case, but Lars remains missing, and his family is seeking answers to his fate and current whereabouts. Join Mike and Gibby as they discuss the mysterious disappearance of Lars Mittank. A number of people who interacted with him prior to his disappearance reported that he was acting strangely. The video of Lars appears to show a man who is scared for his life and running away from someone or something. The details of the time leading up to his disappearance are bizarre. But, the question remains, what happened to Lars Mittank. You can help support the show at patreon.com/truecrimeallthetime Visit the show's website at truecrimeallthetime.com for contact, merchandise, and donation information An Emash Digital production