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Tim O'Brien from O'Brien Communications helps you immerse yourself in a story, a time, a place or just an idea that has shaped the way we think. Each episode will make you see things a little differently about subjects and ideas you thought you knew. Shaping Opinion resides at the intersection of hi…

Tim O'Brien

    • Jul 4, 2022 LATEST EPISODE
    • weekly NEW EPISODES
    • 44m AVG DURATION
    • 332 EPISODES

    Listeners of Shaping Opinion that love the show mention: chris no context podcast, tim is a great, show is really, shaping, rogers, insightful podcast, i'm looking forward, listen to this show, give it a listen, interesting topics, one day, interviewing, great host, thought provoking, dive, engaging, history, well done, politics, professional.

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    Latest episodes from Shaping Opinion

    Seven Voices: The American Dream

    Play Episode Listen Later Jul 4, 2022 47:47

    In this episode we hear from seven people who talked with Tim to answer the question, “What is the American Dream?"  Tim set out to get the answer to the question on the streets of his hometown, Pittsburgh.  You'll hear from Vidya, Dwayne, Chuck, Leah, Jack, Tamara and Charlie. Each person was selected randomly in “man on the street” interviews, and we had no idea what they would say, but all of their answers were moving, thought-provoking and inspiring. Happy Independence Day! For thousands of years, around the world, people weren't trusted to govern themselves. It was assumed you needed a king, a czar or a dictator to decide what's best for you. But in 1776, a group of brave revolutionaries came along with a different idea. They believed that common and civilized people could run their own country. That they didn't need a king, a monarchy or a dictatorship to run their lives. They believed in freedom, and they spelled it out in the Declaration of the Independence, and the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. They created the greatest country in the history of the world based on the principles contained in these documents. The thinking is that all people want to be free to decide for themselves on everything from religion and work, to how they raise their families, what they could own, how they could own it and how they can craft their own lives for themselves. But it's more than just wanting to be free. They deserve to be free. The founders of the United States of America said it's not the government that should have the power to grant you your fundamental rights or take them from you. Instead, your rights come from a higher source of power, that your rights and freedoms already exist.  They believed that you are born a free person. You can only lose that freedom or certain freedoms when someone else takes them from you. These thoughts inspired a revolution. Time and again over America's history, it has had to struggle and sometimes fight over the very issue of freedom, and many of the freedoms we now cherish. There is always someone who wants to take some freedoms away from someone else, and so it's a struggle for a country like ours to preserve those freedoms. But freedom has survived and thrived, and it has made many things possible for our nation, our people and our future. In the process, our nation has changed the world and advanced all humanity. We have a term for the thing that sets America apart from all other countries. It's just two words. When we think of what makes America the exception in all of history…we think of the American Dream.  That is the subject of this episode. Links Declaration of Independence Constitution of the United States of America Revolutionary War, History Independence Day, National Parks Service

    Paul Tasner: It’s Never Too Late to Start a Business

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 27, 2022 59:18

    Entrepreneur Paul Tasner joins Tim to talk about his unique story of becoming a successful entrepreneur after the age of 66.  He's the founder of a growing company called PulpWorks, a company that's focused on sustainability, solving the problems of toxic plastic packaging. In this episode, Paul talks about the time he lost his job, which for most people would end their careers. But for him it marked a new beginning. For most people, when you're 64 years old, you're either already retired or you're in the final stages of planning for your retirement. For Paul Tasner, he faced the prospects of regrouping after the fallout of being fired from his job, and then he had a decision to make: ease into retirement, or start something new? He chose the latter after two years of consulting and research, so by the age of 66, Paul became the founder of a company called PulpWorks, which became quite popular as the societal push for sustainability grew and grew. We talk with Paul about his journey. Links PulpWorks (website) Paul Tasner TED Talk, TED Paul Tasner Became an Entrepreneur at 66, Career Pivot About this Episode's Guest Paul Tasner PulpWorks is the capstone in a 40-year career in supply chain management for Paul.  Earlier, he held leadership positions in procurement, manufacturing, and logistics in ventures ranging from start-up to Fortune 100.  Included among them are: The Clorox Company (consumer packaged goods), California Closet Company (home furnishings), Method Products (consumer packaged goods), Hepagen (vaccines), OM2 (supply chain consultancy), and the Reclipse Group (supply chain consultancy).  His clients have included:  Clif Bar, Dreyer's Grand Ice Cream, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis Consumer Health, Borden Chemical, Dial Corporation, Unilever, and Industrial Light+Magic. In 2008, Paul founded and continues to lead the San Francisco Bay Area Green Supply Chain Forum – the first such assembly of supply chain executives anywhere.  He has authored many papers and presentations on supply chain sustainability and currently lectures on this timely topic in the MBA Programs at San Francisco State University and Golden Gate University as well as the Packaging Engineering Department at San Jose State University. He is an Industrial Engineering graduate of the New Jersey Institute of Technology and holds a Ph.D. in Mathematics from Boston University.  

    Encore – Berlin’s Wall that Killed

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 20, 2022 37:50

    Historian, author and Heritage Foundation Distinguished Fellow Lee Edwards joins Tim to talk about the Berlin Wall, the world that created it, the Cold War that fostered it, and the free world that brought it down. This episode was originally released April 1, 2019. The Berlin Wall was as much a symbol for communist oppression as it was a barrier created to contain citizens of communist East Germany. At the end of World War II, the allies held two peace conferences in Yalta and Potsdam to determine the postwar map of the world. The key figures at those conferences were Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union and Franklin Delano Roosevelt of the United States. Tensions were already rising between the West and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the USSR. In this context, the allies decided to split Germany into four “allied zones” to weaken the threat of that country re-emerging as a threat to world peace. The Eastern part of the country would be controlled by the Soviet Union, and the western part would fall under the control of the United States, Britain and later France would join. While Berlin is located in the eastern part of Germany, at Yalta and Potsdam, it was determined that as the capitol city, it had such significance that it, too, should be divided. Going forward, West Berlin became a thriving westernized city and enjoyed postwar prosperity, even though it was located deep inside communist East Germany.  East Berlin, on the other hand, remained in dire straits under the tight grip of communism. The Soviets decided to drive the West out of West Berlin. In 1948 they initiated a Soviet blockade of West Berlin to starve the Western Allies out of the city. The U.S. and its allies decided to conduct airlifts of humanitarian aid to West Berliners. Eventually the blockade ended, but tensions continued as the Soviets and the U.S. as super powers engaged in a nuclear arms race for global domination. The threat of World War III was ever-present. By 1958, the Soviets lost large numbers of skilled workers to the West as more and more of East Germans sought freedom in the West. By June 1961, roughly 19,000 people left East Germany through Berlin. On August 12, 1961, roughly 2,400 refugees defected to Berlin in a single day. This was the largest number of people to leave East Germany in one day. That night, Soviet Leader Nikita Khrushchev approved East Germany's plans to stop to flow of refugees by closing its border. In one night, part of the Berlin Wall was built.  This did not defuse tensions but had the opposite effect. While it slowed the flood of refugees going from communism to freedom, it only exacerbated Cold War tensions. This did not stop captive East Germans from trying to escape communist oppression. 171 people died trying to defect, while another 5,000 East Germans found a way to successfully reach freedom in the West. Ronald Reagan's Speech On Friday, June 12th 1987, President Ronald Reagan gave a historic speech of his own at the Berlin Wall. In it, he stepped up his pressure on the Soviet Union, reinforcing his strong positions against the oppression of communism, and then he delivered the now famous line when he called for Soviet leader Mikhail Gobachev to “Tear down this wall.” The Fall November 9, 1989 0 East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in its travel ban with the West. They said East German citizens were now free to cross the city's borders. Both East and West Berliners descended on the wall and celebrated. Guards opened the checkpoints and 2 million people from both East and West joined together to celebrate. Then they physically started to tear it down. Links The Heritage Foundation A Brief History of the Cold War, by Lee Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards Spalding (Amazon)

    Encore – The “Lost Colony” is Found

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 13, 2022 47:27

    Historian and author Scott Dawson joins Tim to talk about his team's discovery of what actually happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island on the Outer Banks. He has spent the past 11 years working with a team of archaeologists, historians, botanists and geologists to try to uncover the truth behind the story of the Lost Colony. This episode was first released on September 20, 2020. It was August of 1590, and Englishman John White was about to return to the Roanoke Colony in the Americas, where he had been named governor three years earlier. John was among 115 English settlers who landed at Roanoke Island off the coast of what we now know as North Carolina in the Outer Banks region. After the group settled in Roanoke, John had sailed back to England to collect a load of supplies the settlers would need. He would have returned to Roanoke Island sooner, but England's war with Spain complicated things. So, now, three years later, John is about to return to Roanoke, where he last saw his wife and daughter, along with his granddaughter, and the other settlers. Then something unexpected happens. When John White arrives at the colony, he finds no one. Not a single person is there to greet him. Not a trace. One clue, however, would prove to be the key to unlocking this mystery over 400 years later. On a wooden post, one word was carved.  It said “Croatoan,” which is the name of a local native American tribe, and the name of an island south of Roanoke where the Croatoans lived. Those are the facts we've known until now. Scott Dawson has studied this mystery more than most and decided to get some answers for himself. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Philips Hue Smart Home Lighting Links The Lost Colony and Hatteras Island, by Scott Dawson, Amazon The mystery is over. Researchers say they know what happened to ‘Lost Colony.', The Virginian Pilot The ‘Lost Colony' Wasn't Really Lost,  Outer Banks Voice The Lost Colony of Roanoke: Did they survive?, DNA Explained Roanoke's ‘Lost Colony' was Never Lost, New Book Says, New York Times About this Episode's Guest Scott Dawson Scott Dawson is a native of Hatteras Island whose family roots on the island trace back to the 1600s. He is a graduate of the University of Tennessee with a BA in psychology and minor in history and is a well-known local historian, local author and amateur archaeologist. He is president and founder of the Croatoan Archaeological Society Inc. and has participated in a decade of archaeological excavations and research on Hatteras Island under the direction of Dr. Mark Horton. He also serves on the board of directors of the Outer Banks History Center.

    D-Day: God – Family – Country

    Play Episode Listen Later Jun 6, 2022 47:58

    In this episode, we tell the story of D-Day on its 78th anniversary through a historical narrative where Tim also talks about his family's connection to one of the most pivotal events in our history. The June 6, 1944, allied invasion of Nazi-occupied France through Operation Overlord was one of the biggest military undertakings in world history. This event marked the beginning of the end for Hitler and Nazi Germany. It's June 5th 1944. The night before the most massive military invasion ever mounted in the history of the world. Hundreds of thousands of troops are amassed in Southern England. They are from the United States, Great Britain, France, Canada and other nations. They are about to board boats of all sizes to cross the English Channel and land on the beaches of Normandy in the North of France. It will be the largest armada ever. There are 4,000 ships from America, Britain and Canada.  1,200 planes are fueled and ready to drop paratroopers behind German lines. They are prepared to attack the German anti-aircraft guns and the artillery that will be aimed at landing forces. This massive operation is called Operation Overlord.  The allied commander is U.S. General Dwight David Eisenhower. And all of their focus will be on landing zones in Normandy. They code-named the beaches Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, Sword. PFC Francis O'Brien The American troops will land at Utah and Omaha beaches. The British troops will land on Gold and Sword beaches. The Canadian troops will land on Juno beach. Today, we will tell the story of how events unfolded, but before that, you need to get to know Private First Class Francis O'Brien. He was better known to his brothers, his family and friends, and now to you as Fats O'Brien.  That's how I knew him. He was my uncle. Fats is a tough kid from a rough neighborhood in Pittsburgh. He's barely 19 years old. He comes from a big Irish Catholic family that has just struggled through the Great Depression. He and six of his brothers serve in the Army and Navy in both the European and Pacific theaters of World War 2. Fats was assigned to General Omar Bradley's First Army. Company E 38th Infantry Regiment. He was part of the second wave that landed on Omaha Beach. He saw action practically immediately and was awarded a Bronze Star for his efforts. Links D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II, by Stephen Ambrose (Amazon) World War II: D-Day, The Invasion of Normandy, Eisenhower Museum D-Day Timeline, Military History D-Day, June 6, 1944, U.S. Army Band of Brothers, IMDB Normandy American Cemetery, American Battle Monuments Commission Pointe du Hoc Ranger Monument, American Battle Monuments Commission So, what was D-Day? It was officially known as the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 6th 1944 through August of that year. It represented the Allied invasion and liberation of Western Europe from German control. Again, it was called Operation Overlord. June 6th would become known as D-Day, the first day of the operation. 156,000 allied forces landed on those five beaches that stretched 50 miles wide. But a lot had to happen for D-Day to happen, and that's what we cover in this episode.

    Encore: Mike Vining – A Delta Force Original

    Play Episode Listen Later May 30, 2022 60:07

    One of the original members of the U.S. Army's Special Forces Delta unit, Mike Vining, joins Tim to talk about his highly decorated career that started in Vietnam and ended in the late 1990s, encompassing many historical missions. Mike was an Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) operator in the Delta Force, among many other responsibilities. He tells us what goes through the mind of an explosives specialist when time is tight and it could be a matter of life and death. This episode was originally released August 10, 2020. Mike Vining was in high school when he saw the news about the Tet Offensive in Vietnam. The offensive was one of the largest and bloodiest attacks the communist forces of North Vietnam – the Viet Cong – waged against South Vietnamese and American troops. Mike saw what was happening and decided to join the military. He wanted to be in Vietnam joining the fight. Not long after that, Mike got his wish. Before shipping off to Vietnam, Mike completed the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) program in the Army, which also involved learning how to dispose of nuclear weapons. The army sent Mike to Vietnam, where he spent 12 months on combat duty, before his honorable discharge in 1971. Two years later, Mike reentered the Army and served as an EOD specialist once again.  That was the beginning of a long and decorated career in the Army that included serving as one of the first operators in the U.S. Army Special Forces, and its Delta Force unit. He saw action around the world, from missions to Iran during the 1979 U.S. embassy hostage crisis, to many other operations, ultimately serving on the ground in Operation Desert Storm. In this episode, Mike talks about the events that shaped the Special Forces, from an ill-fated desert mission to rescue 53 American hostages in the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, to many other touch and go situations. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Philips Hue Smart Home Lighting Links Sergeant Major Mike Vining (Retired), Together We Served 8 Epic Reflections on the Career of the Internet's Most Badass Military Meme, We Are The Mighty Mike Vining, Universal Ship Cancellation Society Delta Force: Missions and History, U.S. Army Delta Force, Armed Forces History Museum What Special Ops Learned 40 Years Ago from Operation Eagle Claw, Military Times Operation Urgent Fury: The 1983 US Invasion of Grenada, War History Online About this Episode's Guest Mike Vining Sergeant Major Mike R. Vining (Retired), U.S. Army, was born in Greenville, Michigan on 12 August 1950 to Roger and Arlene Vining. He graduated from Tri-County High School in 1968 and enlisted in the Army in July of 1968. After completing Basic Training at Fort Knox, Kentucky, he attended the Ammunition Renovation Course, at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. he completed the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Program, Indian Head, Maryland in May of 1969 and reported to the Technical Escort Unit, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland during which time he completed the Nuclear Weapons Disposal Course. In 1970 he deployed to the Republic of Vietnam where he was assigned to the 99th Ordnance Detachment (EOD), Phuoc Vinh. Upon completion of 12 months of combat duty, Sergeant Major Vining was honorably discharged from the United States Army on February 1971. Sergeant Major Vining reentered the Army in 1973 and was assigned to the 63rd Ordnance Detachment (EOD), Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. In 1978, he was accepted to the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment (SFOD) – Delta, where he served with distinction until 1985.

    Are Labor Unions Making a Comeback in America?

    Play Episode Listen Later May 23, 2022 57:40

    Attorney Dan Johns of the Cozen O'Connor law firm in Philadelphia joins Tim to talk about why, all of a sudden, employees at some well-known companies organizing to unionize their workforces. Dan has been consistently named to the Best Lawyers in America list for employment law, labor and employment litigation. Are unions in America making a comeback? Let's find out. Amid some union victories at some major American brands, successful organizing efforts to unionize employees in places like Buffalo and Staten Island have given the organized labor movement hope that new generations may embrace collective bargaining as the “new” way to go to work. But are these victories anomalies, or are they a trend that promises to continue? But perhaps even more importantly, the interest in unionization now? Why now? Links Dan Johns Bio, Cozen O'Connor Website National Labor Relations Board, NLRB Website National Labor Relations Act, NLRB Website US Unions See Unusually Promising Moment Amid Wave of Victories, The Guardian About this Episode's Guest Dan Johns Daniel V. Johns litigates employment-related matters in courtrooms throughout the country, including numerous Courts of Appeals. Throughout his 25-year career, Daniel has represented and advised employers and their management in an array of labor and employment issues, including discrimination, harassment, and other civil rights litigation; interest and grievance arbitrations; at-will litigation; restrictive covenant/trade secret claims; benefits litigation; independent contractor classification issues; collective bargaining; union avoidance; and unfair labor practice litigation before the National Labor Relations Board and various state agencies. Recognized by Chambers USA: America's Leading Lawyers for Business, labor and employment law, 2012-2020; and The Best Lawyers in America, employment law, labor and employment litigation, 2012-2021, Daniel has served as lead trial counsel in litigation matters around the country, including claims brought under: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), as well as various other federal, state, and local employment laws. Daniel earned his J.D. at the University of Virginia School of Law and his B.A. at the University of Notre Dame.

    End of Watch: The Story of Officer Drew Barr

    Play Episode Listen Later May 16, 2022 50:17

    Cayce, South Carolina Police Chief Chris Cowan joins Tim to talk about something both of us wished we didn't have to talk about. He tells the story of the recent and tragic loss of one of his officers who was shot and killed while responding to a call. He tells the story of and pays tribute to Officer Drew Barr. In the process, he tells the story of the risks and sacrifices police officers take every day to ‘protect and serve.' Cayce, South Carolina is a suburb to the City of Columbia. A few weeks ago, in the early morning hours of a Sunday in Cayce – 2:48 a.m., on April 24th to be exact – there was what police call a “domestic disturbance.” Police were called to the scene. Three officers responded. The second officer on the scene was Drew Barr.  We're going to tell you what happened, but before we do that, you need to know a little bit about the young officer. Partners Drew Barr and Molly He was 28 years old. He joined the Cayce Police Department in 2016.  In October 2020, he was promoted to the department's K-9 unit. His canine partner was Molly, a black Labrador retriever, who became his family. He had no wife or children, but he did love his community and he worked to keep it safe. In addition to being a police officer, he was also a volunteer firefighter, a captain in the Monetta Volunteer Fire Department. He was an emergency medical technician. He was a committed professional. These are the details that Cayce Police Chief Chris Cowan does not want to get lost when people talk about Officer Roy “Drew” Barr. Links Cayce Police Department SC law enforcement community mourns slain Cayce police officer: 'He was brave' | Columbia | 'Our Hearts Are Breaking in Cayce;' SC Fire Captain/Police Officer Killed in Shooting ( Officer Drew Barr honored at funeral and graveside service ( Chief: Man killed SC officer with calculated shot from rifle - ABC News ( Gratitude Our gratitude to the Cayce Police Department for the photos used on this page, to Chief Cowan for telling the Drew Barr story, to Officer Drew Barr himself and to his family for the sacrifices they have made for others. About this Episode's Guest Chris Cowan Chris Cowan is recognized internationally for his vast network of private and public partnerships and his expansive policing knowledge, from 29 years in law enforcement.   Chris' extensive experience leading special operations, homeland security, crime suppression, professional development, community policing, media relations and business and community crime prevention units has given him a unique perspective on what it takes to be a guardian to our communities.   He has also served as a Chief Financial Officer, Chief Public Information Officer, Commander of Special Weapons and Tactics Units and Commander of Community Policing Units.  This experience has provided Chris with a unique perspective on mitigating challenges to corporate and community quality of life issues because it has been paralleled with 22 years in corporate security, risk management and professional development.   His passion is holistic policing strategies to provide stability to all citizens, and protect the vulnerable, through programs that create religious, business and neighborhood crime prevention. Commissioned a United States Naval Officer; he secured his Bachelor's degree in Political Science.  He has also earned a Masters Certificate from the Australian Institute of Police Management.  Chris is a graduate of the South Carolina Executive Institute, the FBI National Academy, the FBI Command College and the FBI Hazardous Devices School Executive Management Program.   He has over 19 years of leadership experience in the fields of administration, human capital, crisis management, strategic planning, tactical operations,

    Eric Heinze: Free Speech is the Most Human Right

    Play Episode Listen Later May 9, 2022 51:20

    Author and professor Eric Heinze joins Tim to talk about freedom of speech and expression at the most fundamental level. He recently wrote a book on free speech, but it's not exactly what you might expect. He explores free speech in a larger more fundamental context than America's First Amendment. He talks about it in the context of universal human rights. Eric tells us about the thinking behind his new book called, “The Most Human Right: Why Free Speech is Everything.” One of the benefits of having a podcast is that you get the chance to talk to a diverse set of really smart and interesting people. Sometimes those people write books, and that's the case with our guest today. As mentioned, the book Eric Heinze wrote is about free speech and human rights. Eric is a professor of law and humanities at Queen Mary University of London. In his book, he asks questions like, “What are human rights?” “Are they laid out definitively in the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights or the U.S. Bill of Rights?” Or, are they just items on a checklist, like a good standard of living, housing, dignity? That's how Eric frames his new book. But what caught my attention when reading the book is how deep he really goes on this topic. He doesn't flinch when he takes the stance that when global human rights programs fail, it is often the result of people being denied one basic human right – freedom of speech. Links Eric Heinze: Queen Mary University of London “The Most Human Right: Why Free Speech is Everything," by Eric Heinze (Amazon) About this Episode's Guest Eric Heinze After completing studies in Paris, Berlin, Boston, and Leiden, Eric Heinze worked with the International Commission of Jurists and UN Sub-Commission on Human Rights, in Geneva, and on private litigation before the United Nations Administrative Tribunal in New York. He conducts lectures and interviews internationally in English, French, German, and Dutch, and is a member of the Bars of New York and Massachusetts, and has also advised NGOs on human rights, including Liberty, Amnesty International and the Media Diversity Institute. He has recently served as Project Leader for the four nation EU (HERA) consortium Memory Laws in European and Comparative Perspective (MELA).  His prior awards and fellowships have included a Fulbright Fellowship, a French Government (Chateaubriand) Fellowship, a Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) fellowship, a Nuffield Foundation Grant, an Obermann Fellowship (Center for Advanced Studies, University of Iowa), and several Harvard University Fellowships, including a Sheldon grant, an Andres Public Interest grant, and a C. Clyde Ferguson Human Rights Fellowship. Heinze co-founded and currently directs Queen Mary's Centre for Law, Democracy, and Society (CLDS).  His opinion pieces  have appeared in The Washington Post, The Guardian, The Independent, Times Higher Education, Aeon, The Raw Story, openDemocracy, Speakers' Corner Trust, Quillette, The Conversation, Left Foot Forward, Eurozine, and other publications, and he has done television, radio and press interviews for media in Denmark, Brazil, the Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, the UK and the US.  He serves on the Advisory Board of the International Journal of Human Rights, the University of Bologna Law Review and the British Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. Heinze recently completed The Most Human Right for MIT Press.  His other books include Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship (Oxford University Press, 2016), The Concept of Injustice (Routledge 2013), The Logic of Constitutional Rights (Ashgate 2005; Routledge 2017); The Logic of Liberal Rights (Ashgate 2003; Routledge 2017); The Logic of Equality (Ashgate 2003; Routledge 2019), Sexual Orientation: A Human Right (Nijhoff 1995), and the collection Of Innocence and Autonomy: Children, Sex and Human Rights (2000).

    Neuromarketing: Getting Inside Your Head

    Play Episode Listen Later May 2, 2022 63:34

    Uma Karmarkar joins Tim to talk about neuromarketing. It's a leading-edge way scientists have developed to get inside your head to understand your attitudes, preferences and perhaps future behavior when it comes to marketing to you. Uma is an assistant professor of marketing at the University of California at San Diego. Her work takes a closer look at the things that consciously and unconsciously influence how people make decisions. More deeply, she studies how people make buying decisions when they don't have all of the information or when bias may come to play. Not long ago, I read an article in Harvard Business Review about something I hadn't really heard of before. But it sounded interesting. It's called Neuromarketing. The term alone caught my attention. “Neuro” or the nervous system, combined with marketing. So, what is it? According to writer Ben Harrell, “The field of neuromarketing – sometimes known as consumer neuroscience – studies the brain to predict and potentially even manipulate consumer behavior and decision-making.” Neuromarketing is about measuring all of the physiological signals we send about how we feel. Remember the saying, “Never let them see you sweat?” When people see you in a stressful situation, they know you're nervous, perhaps unsure of yourself, if they see you sweating. Your perspiration is a physiological sign that you're nervous and worried, even if your words and facial expression are under control. When people see that, they know better. Neuromarketing takes this idea to an unbelievable level. It measures indicators well beyond the obvious ones we can see with our naked eyes. Neuromarketing research helps organizations and companies learn more about your motivations, preferences, the decisions you make or do not make. And all of this can help them develop products and services. We're not just talking about selling cars or insurance. Neuromarketing can be used to get you to use software, apps and digital platforms. It can be used to try to sway your opinions through ad campaigns, marketing campaigns, political campaigns, activist issues campaigns, and so much more. In short, neuromarketing helps researchers get inside your head to more effectively, pardon the pun, shape your opinions and attitudes. Links Uma Karmarkar, UC San Diego Neuromarketing: What You Need to Know, Harvard Business Review What is fMRI?, UC San Diego Electroencephalogram (EEG), Mayo Clinic About this Episode's Guests Uma Karmarkar Uma Karmarkar is an assistant professor of marketing at the University of California at San Diego. Her research examines the factors that consciously and unconsciously influence how people make decisions, and the ensuing implications for marketplace practices. In particular, she looks at how people use their (incomplete) information when they are faced with uncertain decisions or unfamiliar options, and the biases that can emerge from these situations. Her work also explores the ways in which companies' decisions about how and when to offer information can frame consumers' expectations and influence their purchase behavior. This research takes an interdisciplinary approach, combining marketing, behavioral economics, neuroscience and psychology.  Her work aims to enable firms to communicate better with their customers, and improving consumer confidence and satisfaction with the decision process. Before joining the Rady School, Karmarkar was an Assistant Professor in the Marketing Unit of the Harvard Business School, and spent a year as a visiting professor at the Haas School of Business at U.C. Berkeley. Karmarkar was named a Marketing Science Institute Young Scholar in 2017. She has received research grants from the National Institutes of Health, and from the Department of Defense. Karmarkar earned a Ph.D.

    Bill Toti: Life & Work After the Military

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 25, 2022 59:45

    Retired Navy Captain and former corporate CEO Bill Toti joins Tim to talk about life and work after military service, particularly for leaders. You may remember Bill from two of our episodes on the story behind 9/11. He was in the Pentagon when the planes hit. In this episode, Bill talks about a new book he wrote that's all designed to help military leaders find their place in leadership of society. The book is called, “From CO to CEO: A Practical Guide for Transitioning from Military to Industry Leadership.” Captain Bill Toti served for more than 26 years on active duty in the U.S. Navy. He went from being an enlisted seaman to becoming the commanding officer of a nuclear submarine called the USS Indianapolis. And then he became the commodore of a Submarine Squadron. After that, he served for over nine years at the Pentagon, serving in the office of the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, and also as Navy representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council. He was deputy director of the Navy War Plans Cell called Deep Blue. And as I mentioned, he had a critical role on September 11th 2001 when a hijacked American Airlines jet slammed into the Pentagon. If you want to hear that story, go to our full episode catalogue at Shaping and check out our 9/11 series from last year. After Bill retired from military service, he transitioned to the private sector, where he served in a number of roles at companies that included Raytheon, Hewlett-Packard, DXC and HPE.  He was president at a Cubic Corporation and at a company called L3 Maritime Systems. He then rose to serve as the CEO of Sparton Corporation. But before all of that, he had to figure out how to make the transition. That's our focus in this episode. Links From CO to CEO: A Practical Guide for Transitioning from Military to Industry Leadership, by Captain William Toti, U.S. Navy (Retired) - Amazon What Got You Here Won't Get You There, By Marshall Goldsmith - Amazon William Toti Website 9/11: A Pentagon Story (featuring Bill Toti), Shaping Opinion Podcast

    Encore – How Business Influences TV News

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 18, 2022 52:01

    TV news industry veteran and consultant John Altenbern joins Tim to talk about the business of TV news. John runs a consulting firm named Crawford Johnson & Northcott, Inc., that specializes in helping TV news operations get better ratings and grow their audiences. John tells what it takes for TV news operations to compete against each other for your time and attention. He gives a glimpse of some of the methods and strategies those news directors, producers and reporters use to keep us tuned in. This Encore Episode was originally released on May 11, 2020. In 2016, the Pew research organization published a report that told us that more Americans get their news from local TV stations than any other place. Pew reported that back in 2007, that 29.3 million people watched their local evening newscasts, but by 2015, the total was roughly 22.8 million. A big drop of over 6 million, but still the most sizable audience for news consumption. In this episode, we explore some of the reasons why the change, and also why local TV news remains so dominant in the media landscape. In 1965, Westinghouse Broadcasting, known as Group W, owned a TV station in Philadelphia, KYW-TV. The station was a CBS network affiliate. Until this time, the stereotypical newscast looked like this. A curmudgeonly man sat at a desk delivering headlines as though it was ripped right off of a wire service ticker tape machine. He'd deliver the news with all the seriousness of Walter Cronkite. In many cases, the producers would even pipe in background audio of the tickety tap of typewriters and wire machines as the anchor man delivered the day's news. But news director Al Primo had a different idea. He hired field reporters and sent them out into the city to get the news, and then film their reports from the field. (Yes, they used film cameras, not video cameras). He diversified the news team, adding women and minorities, and he instructed his team to engage in more relaxed conversation in between the delivery of those serious news stories. He called it Happy Talk. If you tuned into KYW back then, you'd see the news anchors walking into their places on the set in a hurry, scripts in hand, as though they were working right up until air time to bring you the latest news. He even gave his approach to news a brand. He called it Eyewitness News. On the other side of town, WPVI-TV responded to the challenge. News director Mel Kampmann gave his viewers a different brand. Rather than happy talk, he focused on short news clips, and nothing but hard, fast news. The pace of the stories was relentless, giving viewers the idea that if they changed the channel, or even left the room, they might miss something. Mel branded his approach to the news as well. He called his style Action News. In this episode, John gets into detail on just how the business of TV news works and why. Links Crawford Johnson & Northcott How COVID-19 Has Impacted Media Consumption, by Generation, Visual Capitalist Oy, the Traffic. And it's Pouring! Do I hear sirens?, Columbia Journalism Review State of the News Media, Pew Research Center Reinventing Local TV News, Nieman Reports About this Episode's Guest John Altenbern John Altenbern is President of Crawford Johnson & Northcott, Inc., – or CJ&N – an Iowa-based media market research and consulting company. For the past 30 years, he has worked with media executives and newsrooms around the country to help them achieve ratings and audience success. John is a graduate of the University of Iowa, with degrees in Journalism and Political Science. As a Phi Beta Kappa member, he also holds an MBA from Iowa, and is a past-chairman of the Iowa Journalism School's professional advisory board. In addition, he has served as an adjunct journalism instructor. He worked for local television newsrooms both in on-air...

    Shaping Opinion Unplugged: Take Your Podcast to the Next Level

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 13, 2022 5:01

    In this episode we introduce something new to our schedule. It's in addition to our regular Monday interview episodes, which will not be changing. Every Monday, we'll continue to serve up interesting interviews with interesting guests.  But during the week, we're going to add something new to our schedule. We're calling these episodes “Shaping Opinion Unplugged.” We're going to talk podcasting and other communications topics. We'll call these bonus episodes Shaping Opinion Unplugged. More often than not, we won't have a guest. But these episodes will give us a chance to talk to you about things we've been hearing from you. Today's episode is in response to some of the questions we get.  You may have noticed in all of our episodes we ask listeners to get in touch. A good number of listeners to do get in touch, and most often these days, they have questions about podcasting. We'll answer some of those questions here. So, today, we're going to talk about what it will take to launch a good podcast, or how to take your existing podcast to the next level – all through content. For background, I started my career as a TV and radio producer. Since then, I spent an entire career advising clients of all sizes on all things communication. I've worked across all media for decades. Since 2018, we've produced over 230 weekly episodes of this award-winning Shaping Opinion Podcast. During that time, I've had the chance to help other podcasters take their podcasts to the Next Level. So, let's get to that question. How do you take your podcast to the next level through better content? In this episode we spend a few minutes talking about just that. And we use Joe Rogan as a good case study. If there is a lesson to be learned it's that if you want to take your podcast to the next level, focus on making you and your podcast better. You're not in this alone. If you want to talk, I may be able to help. I've been conducting media training for decades. I've helped others with their podcasts, and I have now released over 230 episodes of this Shaping Opinion podcast every week since 2018. The process for improvement is just that – a process.  If this is something you'd like to talk about, I'm all ears. I love to talk about podcasting. Just get in touch. And thank you for listening to the Shaping Opinion Podcast. You're our podcast family, and the reason we do this. Links Next Level Podcast Coaching

    Encore: How Rush Limbaugh Changed the Media Landscape

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 11, 2022 50:13

    Brian Rosenwald joins Tim to talk about the rise of Rush Limbaugh and conservative talk radio. Brian is the co-editor of a daily Washington Post history blog called “Made by History.” He's a Scholar in Residence at the University of Pennsylvania. He's also the author of a new book called: “Talk Radio's America: how an industry took over a political party that took over the United States.” This Encore Episode was first released February 10, 2020. Talk radio didn't begin in the late 1980s. The earliest radio talk shows that had an impact were hosted by broadcasters named Joe Pyne, Bob Grant and Larry King. But the talk radio we know today, the one that has created a sea change in the nation's political dialogue, can trace its roots back to the 1980s when a number of factors came to a head at about the same time. The 1980s marked a resurgence of the Republican Party in Washington with the wave of national support that swept Ronald Reagan into the White House. During those same years, the AM radio format started to decline, losing music listeners to the clean and clear signals of FM stations. To carve out a niche and compete with FM, AM radio discovered that talk radio didn't require the same sound quality to attract an audience. Increasingly, AM radio programmed talk and news content on their schedules. In 1987, the FCC's Fairness Doctrine was repealed. The Fairness Doctrine had put restrictive guidelines on how radio stations could air political speech. With the repeal of the Fairness Doctrine, radio stations were free to air news and talk programming that catered to specific audiences and specific points of view, regardless of political leanings. During this same period came the advent of less expensive satellite technology and cell phones. All of this opened the door to innovators who would figure out how to make political speech entertaining enough to attract an audience, and more importantly, to attract advertising revenue to those failing AM radio stations. One innovator, Rush Lumbaugh, in particular would lead the way. In the end, both the media and the political landscapes would be transformed. Links Talk Radio's America: how an industry took over a political party that took over the United States, by Brian Rosenwald (Harvard University Press) Brian Rosenwald, Website Rush Limbaugh (official site) Fairness Doctrine, Britannica About this Episode's Guest Brian Rosenwald Brian Rosenwald is the Coeditor-in-Chief of “Made by History,” a daily Washington Post history blog, and a historical consultant for the Slate podcast Whistlestop. He has written for the Washington Post,, Politico, and The Week, among others. He has discussed contemporary politics on CNN, NPR and the Sirius XM Radio channel POTUS: Politics of the United States. Rosenwald is Scholar in Residence at the Partnership for Effective Public Administration and Leadership (PEPAL) program at the University of Pennsylvania.  

    Encore: The Power of Word-of-Mouth Marketing with Jay Baer

    Play Episode Listen Later Apr 4, 2022 42:41

    Jay Baer, the author of the book, “Talk Triggers: The complete guide to creating customers with word of mouth,” joins Tim to talk about the power of word of mouth to sell products or services, increase awareness, educate the public and create a brand. Jay is a very popular keynote speaker, an inductee into the Word of Mouth Marketing Hall of Fame and the author of several books. This Encore Episode was first released in April 2019. It's a term you may hear every day. It's just assumed you know what it means. Word of Mouth.  Webster's dictionary describes it as “oral, often inadvertent publicity.” What's interesting about that definition is how the people at Webster saw fit to include the word “inadvertent” in the definition. When it comes to Word of Mouth dynamics, it's just assumed that it's inadvertent or unintentional. Many times, this is true but I've been in the PR business for decades and I've seen quite often how something that was spread through Word of Mouth was anything but inadvertent or unintentional. In this episode we talk with Jay Baer about the dynamics behind word of mouth publicity, hear some stories of some organizations doing it right, and how to harness it for yourself. Debt Collections Case Study Americollect is in the debt collection industry. At present there are roughly 8,000 collections firms in the U.S. The common practice is for debt collections agencies to call a debtor, cajole, threaten, coerce until they get money or not In 2017, consumers filed 84,500 complaints against collections agencies. Kenlyn Gretz worked for a debt collector making $4.25 per hour collecting unpaid medical debts. He worked his way up and bought the firm. Then he changed everything. He now has more than 250 employees because they embraced their tagline – “Ridiculously Nice.” Being ridiculously nice is a part of their culture. The theory – Just because they are a nonpayer today doesn't mean they will be a nonpayer tomorrow. They can call a debtor one to four months later and they take the phone calls because Americollect was nice to them. Jay tells the story of Americollect's win rate in the competitive marketplace and of one key statistic; and why 60 percent of Americollect's employees were once debtors who Americollect was assigned to recover a debt and was so nice that the people decided to go work for the company. In this episode Jay talks about companies like The Cheesecake Factory and Air New Zealand which have their own means for creating buzz around their brand. And a unique and simple story of a California restaurant called Skip's Kitchen.  What they all have in common is they have their own “talk triggers” to generate word of mouth publicity. About Talk Triggers Word of mouth is directly responsible for 19% of all purchases, and influences as much as 90%. Every human on earth relies on word of mouth to make buying decisions. Yet even today, fewer than 1% of companies have an actual strategy for generating these crucial customer conversations. Talk Triggers provides that strategy in a compelling, relevant, timely book that can be put into practice immediately, by any business. The book includes: proprietary research into why and how customers talk; more than 30 detailed case studies of extraordinary results from Doubletree Hotels by Hilton, The Cheesecake Factory, Penn & Teller and dozens of delightful small and medium-sized businesses; and the 4-5-6 learning system for creating and activating talk triggers in your business. Links About Jay Baer Convince and Convert Talk Triggers Book Web Site Talk Triggers Book on Amazon Talk Triggers Show on iTunes Americollect The Cheesecake Factory Air New Zealand Moose Jaw Clothing Edelman Trust Barometer The Paradox of Choice, By Barry Schwartz (Amazon)

    Encore: How the Nuclear Bomb Came to Be

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 28, 2022 60:36

    Richard Rhodes won a Pulitzer Prize for his definitive book on the development of nuclear weapons called “The Making of the Atomic Bomb.” It's one of 26 books he's written, several of them focused on the world in the nuclear age. He joins Tim to talk about the wartime effort that changed everything, The Manhattan Project. This Encore Episode was first released November 4, 2019. In 1938, nuclear fission was discovered in Nazi Germany just in time for Christmas. News of the scientific breakthrough was published in Germany, and later in a British scientific journal in 1939. At that same time, many Jewish scientists had escaped or were in the process of escaping from Nazi Germany. They would continue their lives and work in places like Canada and the United States. The persecution of the Jews was quickly brewing as the imminent threat of war loomed. These scientists knew the Nazis personally. They also knew that Germany still had many good scientists working on nuclear fission. This fact worried a group of Hungarian Jewish scientists who came to the United States from Germany. They wondered if the Nazis were developing an atomic bomb. They knew that it was possible, if not probable. How much progress have the Nazi scientists made? No one knew. Once Hitler had a bomb, would he use it? Everyone knew the answer to that question. Something else they knew, they had to help the United States develop the bomb before the Germans, and to do that, they had to get the attention of the President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The same thing was true in Great Britain. They enlisted the support of Albert Einstein, who together with scientist Leo Szilard, signed a letter to the president informing him of the grave threat. It worked. Winston Churchill also made a persuasive argument of his own. That was the formal beginning of America's commitment to the nuclear age. The actual beginning was on Monday, August 6th 1945 when the United States would drop a bomb called “Little Boy” on the Japanese city of Hiroshima that would forever change the threat of war in the world. Colonel Paul Tibbets piloted a B-29 bomber called the Enola Gay that dropped the bomb that would kill at least 70,000 people, and through radiation poisoning that total would rise to somewhere between 90,000 and 160,000 within a year. That bomb was the first time in history that an atomic bomb would be used in warfare, bringing about a swift end to the Allies' war with Japan and that country's unconditional surrender. Just as the bomb sent shockwaves in its wake, so, too did the emergence of the nuclear age. For the first time, one bomb could eliminate entire cities, leaving immediate and residual devastation. This in the context of the burgeoning Cold War, where the United States stood up against its geopolitical rival the Soviet Union, which was on its way to becoming the world's other nuclear power. In the ensuing decades as tensions between the super powers ebbed and flowed, no one ever felt as safe as they once did before the nuclear age. Richard Rhodes has authored 26 books, and has studied the nuclear age like few others. He has been a visiting scholar at Harvard, MIT and Stanford. He is an emeritus member of the Atomic Heritage Foundation's Board of Directors, and has interviewed several of the Manhattan Project's scientists in his work. Links Richard Rhodes (website) The Making of the Atomic Bomb, by Richard Rhodes (Amazon) Manhattan Project, The Atomic Heritage Foundation Why They called it The Manhattan Project, New York Times About this Episode's Guest Richard Rhodes Richard Rhodes is the author of 26 books including The Making of the Atomic Bomb, which won a Pulitzer Prize in Nonfiction, a National Book Award and a National Book Critics Circle Award; Dark Sun: The Making of the ...

    Encore – Larry Gatlin: A Life In Country Music

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 21, 2022 38:18

    Country music star Larry Gatlin joins Tim to talk about a life in country music, as a songwriter, as a performer and as a member of one of the most famous vocal groups in the history of country music. Larry is the oldest of the three Gatlin Brothers who hale from West Texas. He is an award-winner, a chart-topper and a member of the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. This Encore episode was first released May 25, 2020. Larry Gatlin was born in Seminole, Texas, the son of a driller in the oil field. He's the oldest of three musical brothers – Larry, Steve and Rudy would later become known to millions simply as The Gatlin Brothers. The three brothers started singing young. Larry was only seven when he and his younger brothers would sing at family and church events. Larry played football on scholarship at the University of Houston, where he didn't study music, but instead, he majored in English. He said that at college he developed a love affair with the English language, a passion that would serve him well as a songwriter. After college, Larry started to make a name for himself as a songwriter and performer in Nashville. His brothers would join him later and by 1976, the group had arrived on the national stage. They toured the United States and around the world. They saw their songs rise in the charts and have enjoyed a career that anyone who aspires to be a country music star would want. Larry wrote every Gatlin Brothers hit and more. He wrote songs that were recorded by others, like Elvis Presley, Glen Campbell, Barbra Streisand, Johnny Cash and many others. He's written an autobiography called “All the Gold in California,” a nod to the title of one of his hit songs. He's won numerous awards and has seen success on and off of the stage. Last October, Larry was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. Special Thanks to… Larry Gatlin for his time and for the use of some of his music in this episode. Kay Waggoner of Absolute Publicity in Nashville, Tennessee for arranging this interview. Bonnie Brozik Teague, Larry's assistant who made sure the interview went off without a hitch. Links The Gatlin Brothers, Grand Ole Opry The Gatlin Brothers website Larry Gatlin Bio, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame All the Gold in California, by Larry Gatlin (autobiography at Amazon) Dottie West, Country Music Hall of Fame Mickey Newbury was Country Music Royalty, CMT About this Episode's Guest Larry Gatlin Country star Larry Gatlin was born in 1948 in Seminole, Texas, the son of a driller in the oil field. The oldest of the three Gatlin brothers, by age six, he was already accompanying younger brothers, Steve and Rudy in singing at family and church events. After high school, Larry went to the University of Houston on a football scholarship. Larry majored in English and developed “a love affair with the English Language” that later served him well in his songwriting. On the strength of his songwriting talents, Larry Gatlin became known throughout the Nashville music industry. While Steve and Rudy were finishing college, Larry was already touring the small club and listening room circuit as a solo act, looking forward to the time when he could afford to expand his live show to include his brothers. From 1976 to 1992, the brothers toured extensively throughout the United States, Canada and overseas. They racked up hit after hit and banked some of the most prestigious awards in the industry. Larry penned every Gatlin Brothers hit you've ever heard. He has written songs that were later recorded by Elvis Presley, Glen Campbell, Barbra Streisand, Johnny Cash, Kris Kristofferson, Barry Gibb, Ray Price, Tom Jones, Roy Orbison, Johnny Mathis, Dottie West and many more. December of 1992 marked a farewell to concert touring for the Gatlin Brothers as they co...

    Scott Tillema: Secrets of a Hostage Negotiator

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 14, 2022 58:35

    FBI-trained hostage negotiator Scott Tillema joins Tim to talk about how to negotiate when the stakes are high, even when lives are on the line. Scott teaches organizations how to use the power of life-saving negotiation principles to get results. Scott Tillema was trained by the FBI in hostage negotiating. He spent over seven years as a negotiator with the Northern Illinois Police Alarm System Emergency Services Team. This one of the largest municipal SWAT teams in the United States. Scott is known across the country as a speaker in the field of police negotiations. He's presented to audiences of all sizes, including a very popular TEDx Talk where he covered, “The Secrets of Hostage Negotiators.” That's what we talked about when we sat down with him recently. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Links Scott Tillema Website Negotiations Collective, Scott Tillema Page How to Use the FBI's Behavioral Change Stairway Model to Influence Like a Pro, EMS1 Active Listening Skills, Psychology Today Kwame Christian: On Compassionate Curiosity, Behavioral Grooves Pre-Suasion: Channeling Attention for Change, by Robert Cialdini (Amazon) About this Episode's Guest Scott Tillema Scott Tillema is an FBI-trained hostage negotiator. He teaches police, law enforcement agencies and others how to use the power of life-saving techniques and principles to enhance their work. He is a nationally recognized leader in the field of crisis and hostage negotiations, passionately training thousands of police negotiators across the country in verbal influence. He has developed a powerful model for safely resolving crisis situations, which is now being recognized and adapted by the private sector for use in sales, communication, influence, and leadership.  

    Adam Carroll: Managing Your Moolah

    Play Episode Listen Later Mar 7, 2022 60:15

    Financial literacy expert Adam Carroll joins Tim to talk about all things money, from financial freedom, managing your own finances, and the current trend towards a cashless society.  Adam is the author of “Winning The Money Game,” “30 Days To $1K,” and “Mastery of Money for Students.”  He is a two-time TED talk speaker, with one of his talks surpassing 4 million views. Money. You either have a little or a lot, but it seems for most people, you never have enough. And for as critical as it is, it's amazing how little most of us actually understand it. In ancient times, if human beings wanted something from someone else, they bartered. I'll give you a cow if you give me salt or tobacco. Somewhere around 5,000 BC, metal objects were used as money.  And then around 700 BC, a group called the Lydians were the first in the Western world to make coins that were used as money. Not long after that, countries started to make their own coins and give them certain values. That way people could compare the cost of items or services that people wanted. China was the first country to introduce paper money. Paper money became more common by 960 AD. We still rely on paper money and coins for much of our day-to-day spending and purchasing. But we also rely heavily on a cashless society. Credit cards, loans, and now thanks to our digital world – Venmo, online spending using passwords that access our financial accounts without anything physical changing hands. And, of course, crypto. We're fast moving into an almost totally cashless world.  And it seems to be happening at the speed of light. Adam Carroll is an author and a speaker on the subject of personal finance. He has spent the better part of his career and life helping people better understand money, how it fits in their lives, how to manage it, and how to be financially free. Links Adam Carroll's Website, The Build a Bigger Life Manifesto, by Adam Carroll (Amazon) Winning the Money Game, by Adam Carroll and Chad Carden (Amazon) The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Franklin/Covey The Fifth Discipline, by Peter Senge (Amazon) Rich Dad Poor Dad, by Robert Kiyosaki (Amazon) Cashflow Quadrant, by Robert Kiyosaki (Amazon) The Millionaire Next Door, by Thomas Stanley and William Danko (Amazon) Coinbase How the Status Quo Bias Affects Your Decisions, Financial Independence, Retire Early (FIRE), Motley Fool About this Episode's Guest Adam Carroll Adam Carroll is an internationally recognized financial literacy expert and author of Winning The Money Game, 30 Days To $1K, and Mastery of Money for Students.  He is a two-time TED talk speaker, with one of his talks surpassing 4 million views. He is the creator of the Broke, Busted & Disgusted documentary which has been played in hundreds of high schools and colleges, and is featured on CNBC and available on Itunes. He is the founder and curator of, and a contributor to the Huffington Post. Adam has presented at over 750 college and university campuses, hundreds of leadership symposiums, and countless local and regional events. His passion is helping people build a bigger life, not a bigger lifestyle.

    Charles H. Rose, III: The Art of Cross-Examination

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 28, 2022 48:37

    Advocate, author and attorney Charles H. Rose, III, joins Tim to talk about the art of cross-examination in the court of law. Charles is a successful lawyer, a trial advocate, an author, and currently, he's the Dean of the Pettit College of Law at Ohio Northern University. In this episode, he talks about one of the most dramatic features of any courtroom, the cross-examination of a witness at trial. Cross-examination is often where cases are won or lost in the court of law. Watch just about any movie or TV show where the drama revolves around a court case and sooner or later the climax of the plot will revolve around a particular witness or testimony. The trial lawyers question their own witnesses in litigation, and their opposing attorneys have the chance to cross-examine those same witnesses. They get to challenge claims and statements that were made. They go back over previous testimony and look for gaps or contradictions in statements, all to win the case. In many court cases, cross-examinations are usually tense. A case can be won or lost with every witness who takes the stand. Our guest today, Charles Rose is regarded as one of the better attorneys at cross-examination. While he's now law school dean at Ohio Northern University, and he's served on the faculty at other law schools, he's had a decorated career in the U.S. Army. He served as a judge advocate where he's focused on persuasion techniques. He teaches and researches in the areas of advocacy, criminal procedure, evidence and professional ethics. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Links Charles H. Rose, III (Ohio Northen University) Charles H. Rose, III, The Trial Advocate ( Thinking, Fast and Slow, by Daniel Kahneman ( About this Episode's Guest Charles H. Rose, III Charles H. Rose III, dean of the Pettit College of Law, previously served as professor of law and director of the Center for Excellence in Advocacy at Stetson University's College of Law in Gulfport, Fla. Prior to joining the Stetson faculty in 2005, Rose spent 20 years on active duty in the Army. He served as a linguist, intelligence officer and judge advocate. His primary scholarly interest focuses on advocacy persuasion techniques, and he teaches and researches in the areas of advocacy, criminal procedure, military law, evidence and professional ethics. Rose earned his bachelor's degree from Indiana University at South Bend and his JD from Notre Dame Law School. He also earned an LLM from the Judge Advocate General's School, United States Army.

    Laila Mickelwait: Child Sex Trafficking and ‘Big Porn’

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 21, 2022 46:49

    Laila Mickelwait joins Tim to talk about her work and a movement she founded to fight child sex trafficking.  She's the founder of the Justice Defense Fund and the founder of a global movement called #Traffickinghub. That movement is supported by millions around the world. Laila talks about the role “Big Porn” websites play, and her work to hold sex traffickers and their enablers around the world to account. We've talked a lot on the Shaping Opinion podcast about big issues where statistics are involved. Sometimes when we use statistics, we inadvertently distance ourselves from what we're really talking about – what's really going on. That could happen with today's episode. I have to share some statistics with you, but as you'll hear from our guest, it's not about the statistics. It's about the people, mostly female, mostly young, and all too often children who are victims of the worst kind of predators. They're victims of sex traffickers. Child sex trafficking is the most notorious form of human trafficking. The most common victims are homeless children, runaways, and young people in the child welfare system. You would think the traffickers make their money from selling the children into sex with strangers, and they do. But that's not where they make the big money. The big money is right in front of you. It's on your phone, on your computer. The Internet. Pornography is one of the biggest businesses on the Internet.  But just calling this “pornography” may be too nice.  Website and porn sites and porn site users engage in an economy that often features child abuse. Victims of child sex trafficking are depicted in photos, videos and other images that feature actual rape, real violent attacks and abuse. People pay to watch the live abuse of children on video streaming services. Porn sites attract over 100 million visits to their sites each day. They generate 47 billion visit per year. If you were to try to watch all of the content in one year of a major porn site, it would take you 169 years just to watch it. One of the most vocal activists in the war on sex trafficking, and more specifically child sex trafficking, is Laila Mickelwait. Links Laila Mickelwait (website) The Children of PornHub, New York Times About this Episode's Guest Laila Mickelwait Laila Mickelwait is the Founder and CEO of the Justice Defense Fund and the Founder of the global #Traffickinghub movement supported by millions around the world. She has been combating the injustice of sex trafficking for over a decade and is a leading expert in the field. The #Traffickinghub movement that Laila continues to lead, is a non-religious, non-partisan, decentralized global effort to hold Pornhub, the 10th most visited website in the world, and the largest pornography website in the world, accountable for enabling and profiting from the sex trafficking and criminal sexual exploitation of countless victims. The Traffickinghub petition has been signed by over 2.2 million people from 192 countries. The effort is endorsed by over 300 organizations and the impact of the movement has been covered in thousands of media pieces globally. Laila received her Master of Public Diplomacy degree from the Annenberg School of Communications and the Dornsife School of International Relations at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles in conjunction with the U.S. Department of State. During her previous roles with the organization Exodus Cry, Laila has presented at conferences, universities, corporate events and has advocated for legislative reform at the United Nations, and to lawmakers in numerous countries, including Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, France, Hong Kong, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland,

    Barry Schwartz: Freedom and Choice

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 14, 2022 56:05

    Psychologist, author, researcher and professor Barry Schwartz joins Tim to talk about his landmark book called Paradox of Choice: Why More is Less. While Barry has written several books and is a popular public speaker, this book is about how having more choice may not be all it's cracked up to be. In this episode, he discusses the balance between having the freedom of choice and the potential to be held captive by having too much choice. In the Preface to his book called, “The Paradox of Choice,” Barry Schwartz sums it up quite well. The more freedom we have, the more well-being we have. The more choice we have, the more freedom we have. Freedom is a good thing. Freedom and choice go together. In America, freedom is considered the “highest good.” the more freedom we all have the better off our society is, so when the government wants to restrict our freedom, we make it work hard to justify the imposition. As Barry says, “Freedom without choice is completely hollow.” To be sure, Barry says that people are not perfect “rational choosers.” In other words, we don't always make the best choices for the best reasons at the best times. Sometimes, we make bad decisions. Barry believes that having unlimited freedom of choice is not without its problems. This is a subject he's researched extensively, written about extensively, and talked about extensively. And for Barry Schwartz, it all started when he wanted to buy a new pair of blue jeans. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Philips Hue Smart Home Lighting Links The Paradox of Choice, by Barry Schwartz (Amazon) Barry Schwartz Bio, Swarthmore College About this Episode's Guest Barry Schwartz Barry Schwartz is the Dorwin P. Cartwright Professor of Social Theory and Social Action at Swarthmore College. His work explores the social and psychological effects of free-market economic institutions on moral, social, and civic concerns. In his book The Costs of Living: How Market Freedom Erodes the Best Things in Life, Schwartz finds that market values undermine morals and community-building. More generally, Schwartz is able to discuss the much-cited hostility in public life in America, which he believes is related to the erosion of community-oriented values in the market-obsessed society. In his oft-cited The Paradox of Choice: Why More is Less, he examines the often-paralyzing effects on consumers of a marketplace offering a bewildering array of choices. Schwartz, who received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1971, has been awarded several grants by the National Science Foundation over the last three decades. In addition, he is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, and the American Psychological Society, and a Fellow of the American Psychological Association.

    Amy Herman: See What’s Hiding in Plain Sight

    Play Episode Listen Later Feb 7, 2022 53:18

    Amy Herman joins Tim to talk about a one-of-a-kind career she made for herself, all centered on using art to help people see the world differently and better in order to do their jobs better.  Amy is the author of the books, “Visual Intelligence” and “Fixed: How to Perfect the Fine Art of Problem Solving.” In short, Amy helps people find information and solutions that are hiding in plain sight. Amy Herman teaches visual intelligence. She gives lectures, she gives TED talks, she gives tours of art museums, she participates in podcasts like this one. And the common theme is that she helps others see things they may be missing. She helps them develop a skillset or an ability to see details or context that's right in front of them, but in the normal course of affairs, they just may not see. Some of her students are police detectives, federal agents, doctors, and many others. Amy works to help them improve their visual intelligence. Imagine what it would be like to be given a short period of time to investigate a crime scene – a murder scene. It's your job to look for patterns, to look for exceptions, to look for details and clues that might tell you when this was done, what the motive might have been, and perhaps who may have done it. How can you step back and look at the scene with a fresh eye. An unbiased eye. One that picks up things you might not have noticed before? That's one of the first questions we asked Amy. Links The Art of Perception (website) Visual Intelligence, by Amy Herman (Amazon) Fixed: How to Perfect the Fine Art of Problem Solving, by Amy Herman (Amazon) To Master the Art of Solving Crimes, Cops Study Vermeer, Wall Street Journal About this Episode's Guest Amy Herman Amy Herman Amy Herman is a lawyer and art historian who uses works of art to sharpen observation, analysis, and communication skills. By showing people how to look closely at painting, sculpture, and photography, she helps them hone their visual intelligence to recognize the most pertinent and useful information as well as recognize biases that impede decision making. She developed her Art of Perception seminar in 2000 to improve medical students' observation and communication skills with their patients when she was the Head of Education at The Frick Collection in New York City. She subsequently adapted the program for a wide range of professionals and leads sessions internationally for the New York City Police Department, the FBI, the French National Police, the Department of Defense, Interpol, the State Department, Fortune 500 companies, first responders, the military, and the intelligence community. In her highly participatory presentation, she demonstrates the relevance of visual literacy across the professional spectrum and how the analysis of works of art affords participants in her program an innovative way to refresh their sense of critical inquiry and reconsider the skills necessary for improved performance and effective leadership. The program has been featured in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The CBS Evening News, and Smithsonian Magazine, among others. Her TED talk, A Lesson in Looking, went live in December 2018. Ms. Herman holds an A.B., a J.D., and an M.A. in art history. Her book, Visual Intelligence, was published in May 2016 and was on both the New York Times and Washington Post best sellers' lists.

    Megan Bruck Syal: Incoming! Can We Really Intercept Asteroids?

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 31, 2022 55:58

    Dr. Megan Bruck Syal joins Tim to talk about something that until now was just the stuff of science fiction and Hollywood movies…defending Earth against deadly collisions with asteroids and comets. Megan is a planetary defense investigator at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She and a large team of scientific experts are actively working to establish ways to prevent an asteroid from making impact with earth and threatening life as we know it. If you have Netflix, there's a chance you've seen the movie that stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Jennifer Lawrence and a cast of other well-known celebrities called “Don't Look Up.” The picture takes a satirical look at pop culture and our culture in general, but at the core of its plot is the idea that a comet is about to make impact with earth and destroy life as we know it. We're not going to get into any great detail about the movie in this episode since the movie is really not centered on what we really want to talk about today. And that is whether human beings can actually take steps to break up or divert a comet, an asteroid or a meteor from earth. So, let's look at what actually has happened in our planet's history. One of the last times that we know of where a serious asteroid collided with earth was a little over 100 years ago. That was when in 1908, a small asteroid exploded over Siberia, north of Russia. The asteroid was only about 60 meters in diameter, which is the width of a football field. That explosion was enough to wipe out 800 square miles of forest, which is as big as the entire Washington, D.C. area.  That's like a small nuclear blast. And that's a small asteroid! If you want to know what a big asteroid can do, consider this. There was a time that an asteroid that was 7.7 miles in diameter hit the earth. That was 66 million years ago. The speed, power and sheer force of the blast was so strong, it created a scar that was 124 miles wide on the surface of the earth. It was traveling at 27,000 miles per hour and stuck our planet 60 degrees above the horizon. This angle was deadly and caused unbelievable devastation. It vaporized rock formations. It sent 325 gigatons of sulfur into the atmosphere, along with 435 gigatons of carbon dioxide. The average temperature in the tropics dropped from 81 degrees Fahrenheit to 41 degrees. The sun was blocked by the clouds and gases. Solar heat and light were diminished. Photosynthesis faded. Plant life died. The food chain on both land and in the planet's waters died. The dinosaurs and many other species of animals quickly went extinct. Roughly 75 percent of all known species went extinct. One rock hitting the earth in just the right place at the right speed changed the world, and scientists say it's just a matter of time before something like that can happen again. But the difference is, this time, there's a chance we will have two advantages. First, there's a good chance we'll know about it beforehand. And second, we might just be able to do something about it. Dr. Megan Bruck Syal is one of the people working on this problem. She's an investigator in planetary defense. More to the point, she's with NASA's Planetary Defense Coordination Office, and she's co-investigator on a mission that just launched in November 2021 called DART. That stands for Double Asteroid Redirection Test. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Philips Hue Smart Home Lighting Links Making an Impact on Asteroid Deflection, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Helpful Tips for Nuking an Asteroid, National Geographic

    Christopher Browning’s “Ordinary Men:” The Making of a Kill Squad

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 24, 2022 67:21

    Historian and author Christopher R. Browning joins Tim to talk about his study of the Holocaust and the “Final Solution” in Poland. In this episode, Christopher discusses his book, “Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland” and how a group of otherwise average, everyday men turned into one of Hitler's most prolific killing squads in World War II. Long before the world heard the term “Holocaust” in connection with the Second World War, and even before the mass killing started, it all began with an atmosphere in Germany that supported the expelling of Jewish people from territories controlled by Hitler's Germany. At some point, instead of expulsion, the movement would turn into the mass executions of millions of Jews in places like Poland. Historian and author Christopher Browning wrote the landmark book on how such horrific events could take place. It's called “Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland.” To set the stage for the larger story of the book, Browning tells us how it began. This passage is part of the opening chapter that book: “Pale and nervous, with choking voice and tears in his eyes, (Major) Trapp visibly fought to control himself as he spoke. The battalion, he said plaintively, had to perform a frightfully unpleasant task. This assignment was not to his liking, indeed it was highly regrettable, but the orders came from the highest authorities. If it would make their task any easier, the men should remember that in Germany the bombs were falling on women and children. He then turned to the matter at hand. The Jews had instigated the American boycott that had damaged Germany, one policeman remembered Trapp saying. There were Jews in the village of Jozefow who were involved with the partisans, he explained according to two others. The battalion had now been ordered to round up these Jews. The male Jews of working age were to be separated and taken to a work camp. The remaining Jews – the women, children, and elderly – were to be shot on the spot by the battalion. Having explained what awaited his men, Trapp then made an extraordinary offer: if any of the older men among them did not feel up to the task that lay before him, he could step out.” These were the major's comments to the battalion of mostly middle-aged men on the morning of July 13, 1942. They weren't Nazis. They weren't even members of the German army. They made up a police battalion of working-class men too old to serve in the army. Those men would round up and shoot 1,500 Jews in that Polish village on that one day. That battalion would eventually kill upwards of 83,000 captives during the war, making it one of the most efficient German killing squads in the war. But as the title of Christopher Browning's book suggests, before the war, he says these were considered Ordinary Men. Please Thank Our Sponsors Please remember to thank our sponsors, without whom the Shaping Opinion podcast would not exist.  If you have the need, please support these organizations that have the same taste in podcasts that you do: BlueHost Premium Web Hosting Dell Outlet Overstock Computer Center Philips Hue Smart Home Lighting Links Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland, by Christopher R. Browning (Barnes & Noble) Christopher R. Browning, University of North Carolina (website) The Stanford Prison Experiment (website) About this Episode's Guest Christopher Browning Christopher R. Browning was the Frank Porter Graham Professor of History at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill until his retirement in May 2014.  Before taking up this position in the fall of 1999, he taught for 25 years at Pacific Lutheran University in Tacoma, Washington. Browning received his B.A. degree from Oberlin College in 1967 and his M.A.

    Margo Leitman & The Moth: A Storyteller’s Perspective

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 17, 2022 47:15

    Storyteller Margot Leitman joins Tim to talk about the art of storytelling, and how you can be a better storyteller.  Margot is an award-winning storyteller, best-selling author, speaker and teacher and a Moth Storytelling “GrandSlam” winner. If you're a regular podcast listener, there is a good chance you heard about a group called The Moth. It's a nonprofit group based in New York City that's dedicated to the art and craft of live storytelling. The organization was founded in 1997 and now hosts storytelling events across the United States. Storytellers are from all walks of life, and each one takes the stage to tell a personal story, and each has a chance to have that story and the performance of telling it ranked. The Moth has branched out into more than simply live events. The Moth podcast is one of the most popular podcasts in the medium. Some Moth storytellers can become champion storytellers. Its published books on storytelling, and it hosts other events. If you have the chance to tell your story on a Moth stage, you could become a Champion. Some of the best storytelling performers are recognized as Moth Grandslam Champions. Our guest today is one of those champions. Margot Leitman is an author who has written books about storytelling. She's written for NBC, Dreamworks TV, the Hallmark Channel and others. She is a five-time winner of The Moth StorySLAM, and was the Moth GrandSLAM winner in New York City. Links Margot Leitman (website) The Moth Radio Hour (website) The Moth (official website) About this Episode's Guest Margot Leitman Margot Leitman is the author of the best-selling book LongStory Short: the Only Storytelling Guide You'll Ever Need, What's Your Story? & Gawky: Tales of an Extra Long Awkward Phase. She has written for DreamWorks TV, the Hallmark Channel, and the Pixl Network and worked for "This American Life" as the West Coast story scout. She is the founder of the storytelling program at the Upright Citizen's Brigade Theatre and is a five-time winner of the Moth Storyslam and a winner of the Moth Grandslam, receiving the first ever score of a perfect 10. She travels all over the world teaching people to tell their stories.

    Author Mark Seal on the Making of “The Godfather”

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 10, 2022 61:22

    Author Mark Seal joins Tim to talk with Mark about the subject of his popular new book about the making of The Godfather movie. The book is called, “Leave the Gun, Take the Cannoli.” Mark has is a contributing editor at Vanity Fair where he's covered scandals, history makers and pop culture icons. The Godfather was the first of three motion pictures directed by Francis Ford Coppola about the fictional Corleone crime family. The box office hit was released in 1972, and was followed by sequels in 1974 and 1990. The original Godfather film was inspired by the novel of the same name that was written by Mario Puzo and published in 1969. All of the films were distributed by Paramount Pictures and generated roughly $512 million worldwide. The film franchise won nine Academy Awards. This coming March will mark the 50th anniversary of when the Godfather first hit the big screens. The movie centers on Don Vito Corleone and his family. Marlon Brando plays the Don. The Don declines an offer to get into the narcotics business with another crime family, which is led by Virgil Sollozzo. This creates problems. Don Corleone becomes a marked man. Don Corleone's oldest boy is Sonny Corleone. He's played by James Caan. Sonny takes over the crime family while his father recovers. Meanwhile, Sonny's little brother Michael – who is played by Al Pacino – is recruited to exact revenge on Sollozzo. As the gang wars heat up, Michael is sent to Sicily to lay low for a while. That's where he meets his first wife. The violence follows him there when his young bride is killed. Back in New York, Michael's older brother Sonny is killed in an ambush attack. By now, Don Vito Corleone has recovered from the assassination attempt on his life, but he decides to turn over the control of the family business to Michael. There are plots and sub-plots, but through it all, Michael emerges as a force to be reckoned with, and Al Pacino goes from a relative unknown to a Hollywood super star. Mark Seal first wrote about the making of The Godfather years ago in his work for Vanity Fair Magazine. Eventually, that work would lead to his new book entitled, “Leave the Gun, Take the Cannoli.” Links Mark Seal (website) Leave the Gun, Take the Cannoli, by Mark Seal (Barnes & Noble) About this Episode's Guest Mark Seal Veteran author and journalist Mark Seal joined Vanity Fair as a contributing editor in 2003, covering stories as varied as the Bernie Madoff scandal, Ghislaine Maxwell, Tiger Woods, the fall of Olympian Oscar Pistorius, the making of classic films such as Pulp Fiction, and many more. He has twice been a National Magazine Awards finalist. His 2016 Vanity Fair article “The Over the Hill Gang,” about a gang of retired thieves who pulled off the biggest jewel heist in British history, was the basis of the 2018 film, King of Thieves, starring Michael Caine. In addition to Leave the Gun, Take the Cannoli. he is the author of the books Wildflower, about the incredible life and brutal murder of Kenyan naturalist and filmmaker Joan Root, and The Man in the Rockefeller Suit, about the serial con artist Clark Rockefeller.

    Free Speech on Campus: Alumni Aren’t Happy

    Play Episode Listen Later Jan 3, 2022 47:53

    Carl Neuss joins Tim to talk about the growing movement among alumni groups across the country to defend free speech on the college campus and why he decided to help lead the charge at his alma mater for freedom of speech. The late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a graduate of Cornell University. Here's what she had to say about free speech: “The right to speak my mind out, that's America…The right to think, speak and write as we believe without fear that Big Brother will retaliate against us because we don't tow the party line.” It would be interesting to hear her thoughts today about a new organization called the Cornell Free Speech Alliance, which is one of a number of similar alumni groups at colleges across the country that have emerged in recent years. The Cornell Free Speech Alliance, and other similar groups, have been launched to defend free speech on America's college campus. Carl Neuss Another similar group called Davidsonians for Freedom of Thought and Discourse is made up of alumni and others from Davidson College North Carolina. Alumni from Washington and Lee University in Virginia started a similar group. And the list is growing. Because of this many of these groups have joined together to create a national organization called the Alumni Free Speech Alliance. While they have opinions of their own on free speech, they also have leverage.  College alumni are the largest group of donors to America's colleges and universities. Carl Neuss graduated from Cornell University in 1976. The university recently wanted him to make a donation in the seven figures. He was considering doing so and so he made a visit to the Ivy League college's campus in Ithaca, New York. Links Cornell Free Speech Alliance (website) Alumni Free Speech Alliance (website) Alumni Withhold Donations, Demand Colleges Enforce Free Speech, The Wall Street Journal Deep-Pocketed Alumni Are Holding Back Donations to Major Universities in Effort to Protect Free Speech on Campus, The Daily Caller The Coddling of the American Mind, by Jonathan Haidt and Greg Lukianoff (Barnes & Noble) Rules for Radicals, by Saul Alinsky (Barnes & Noble)

    Encore: The Story Behind Our New Year’s Eve Celebrations

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 27, 2021 32:49

    Alexis McCrossen, a professor at SMU and an expert on how cultures have marked time in history, Joins Tim to talk about our New Year's Eve traditions with a special focus on the story behind that Times Square Ball Drop. This episode was first released on December 24, 2018. If you plan to watch the Times Square ball-drop at Midnight on New Year's Eve, you're not alone.  New York City expects to play host to over 2 million people for the festivities. Over 175 million across the United States will watch the ball drop on TV. And around the world, over 1 billion people will watch. 103 million said they will travel 30 miles or more to celebrate 93.6 million will drive When we think of New Year's Eve, we often think of Times Square and parties at organized events, bars and restaurants, but I have some interesting statistics, thanks to WalletHub from last year: 49% celebrate the holiday at home 9% at a bar, restaurant, or organized event 23% don't celebrate New Year's Eve 30% said they fall asleep before Midnight 61% said they say a prayer on New Year's Eve. Rankings Christmas 78% Thanksgiving 74% Independence Day 47% New Year's Eve 41% Most Popular New Year's Eve Destinations Las Vegas Orlando New York City More Times Square Stats 7,000 police officers in Times Square 1.5 tons of confetti dropped 280 sanitation workers will clean up 40-50 tons of trash. The ball itself – Waterford Crystal Triangles – 11,875 pounds That's today. Let's talk about the history: For 4,000 years people have marked a New Year Public bells would herald the New Year since the Middle Ages Theaters, taverns and other places would be very busy on the night Rituals meant to augur good fortune. 1900 or so, the moment of Midnight became the focus because cities were illuminated with gas and electric lights. (Times Square) Installation of public clocks and bells The Countdown 1907/08 was the first year to drop an illuminated time ball at the moment of the New Year's arrival. Uses a flag pole atop One Times Square. First one was made of iron and wood and had 25-watt light bulbs. 5 feet in diameter and weighed 700 pounds. When radio and television media emerged, New Year's Eve was a made for broadcast media event. Live coverage. Links Counting Down to a New Year: The History of Our Joyful Celebration, We're History For Better or Worse, The New Year is Time's Touchstone, Dallas Morning News A Ball of a Time: A History of the New Year's Eve Ball Drop, The New Yorker How Times Square Became the Home of New Year's Eve, About this Episode's Guest Alexis McCrossen Alexis McCrossen is a professor of history at Southern Methodist University and has devoted her career as a cultural historian to studying how Americans observe the passage of time. She is the author of Holy Day, Holiday: The American Sunday; and Marking Modern Times: Clocks, Watches and Other Timekeepers in American Life.

    Encore: The Real Story Behind Santa Claus

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 22, 2021 32:10

    Author Gerry Bowler joins Tim to discuss the story of Santa Claus. Gerry is the author of the book entitled, “Santa Claus: A Biography.” He talks about everything from Santa Claus's birth and evolution over the centuries, to his role in modern day culture. Santa Claus the philanthropist, Santa Claus the gift giver, and Santa Claus the ad man. This episode was originally released on December 17, 2018. In his book Gerry details the birth of Santa Claus and his” character development.” Santa is described him as an advocate, an adman, a warrior, and of course his role in entertainment, from movies, television shows and in music, books and literature. St. Nicholas died in December 343 AD. By 1100, he was the most powerful saint on the Catholic Church's calendar. The St. Nicholas legend: One father who was down and out couldn't provide for his three daughters, so he decides to sell them into slavery. So, Nicholas would sneak bags of gold through the father's window, saving the girls from a live of oppression. By the Middle Ages, with gift-giving a part of the Christmas season, different customs emerged. One that grew in popularity was the legend of St. Nicholas coming through a window or down a chimney to leave gifts in stockings and shoes by the fire, by a window or by a bed. By the 16th century, protestant reformers depicted medieval cult of saints. They did not readily embrace St. Nicholas. There was tension between the Protestant and Catholic sects and St. Nicholas was at the center of it. The controversies usually centered over how the communities marked Christmas. St. Nicholas was venerated throughout Europe but debate on whether he ever made it across the Atlantic to North America with gusto. The Feast of St. Nicholas is December 6, most notably marked by the Dutch, which paves the way for the modern celebration of Christmas. The earliest mention of Santa Claus was 1773 in Rivington's Gazetteer, a New York Newspaper. On December 15, 1810, the New York Spectator published a poem about Sancte Claus – a good holy man who brings gifts to good children. The first picture of Santa Claus was published in 1821 when William Gilley of New York published a book of lithographed images with one of Santa Claus. “The Children's Friend: a New Year's Present, to Little Ones from Five to Twelve.” In 1822, Clement Clarke Moore was credited for authoring the classic poem, “The Night Before Christmas.” Other topics we discuss: Santa Claus in Books and Literature Santa Claus in Music Santa Claus in Advertising (We address the Coca-Cola Santa myth) Santa Claus in Motion Pictures and Television Links Santa Claus: A Biography, by Gerry Bowler (Amazon) A Visit from Saint Nicholas (Night Before Christmas), Clement Clarke Moore Saint Nicholas, Coca-Cola and Santa Claus, Coca-Cola Company Saturday Evening Post and Santa Claus, Saturday Evening Post Miracle on 34th Street Motion Picture, IMDb St. Nicholas to Santa: The Surprising Origins of Mr. Claus, National Geographic About this Episode's Guest Gerry Bowler Gerry Bowler is a Canadian historian, specializing in the intersection of religion and popular culture. He is the author of The World Encyclopedia of Christmas, Santa Claus: A Biography and Christmas in the Crosshairs: Two Thousand Years of Denouncing and Defending the World's Most Celebrated Holiday.

    Encore: The Christmas Truce of 1914

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 20, 2021 45:01

    Historian and author Terri Crocker joins Tim to talk about the still remarkable Christmas Truce of 1914 at the outset of the First World War. Terri wrote the book, “The Christmas Truce: Myth, memory and the First World War.” In this episode, we look at the Western Front where against all odds and their commanding officers, German and British troops, and others stepped out into no man's land on Christmas Day for a day of peace. This episode was originally released on December 23, 2019. It was the first Christmas since the start of the First World War in 1914. The bloodshed had already been enormous. The front lines of the war along the Western Front were close enough to hear what was happening in the trenches on the other side. In between was known as no man's land, where nothing could survive the steady sniping and bombardment between the armies. The trenches were cold, muddy and wet, and sometimes, cold, frozen and wet. The troops on both sides thought the war would be over by Christmas, and here it was Christmas Eve. Silence, and then as Terri Crocker tells it, the sound of music would break the silence. A young farmer's son in the Queen's Westminster regiment by the name of Edgar Aplin starts to sing. He's apparently a good tenor, and he sings the song Tommy Lad. After a few verses, he hears a voice from the German trenches shout, “Sing it again Englander. Sing Tommy Lad again.” So, Edgar sings the song again, and then events started to unfold.  Private Aplin would send letters to his relatives and there is documentary evidence of this. “We had been out of the trenches for four days' rest, and returned on the 23rd of December, to relieve some regular troops. On Christmas Eve, the usual war methods went on all day, sniping, etc., until evening, when we started a few carols and the old home songs.” Immediately, our pals over the way began to cheer, and eventually we got shouting across to the Germans. Those opposite our front can mostly speak English. “Soon after dark, we suggested that if they would send one man halfway between the trenches (300 yards), we would do the same, and both agreed not to fire. “So, advancing towards each other, each carrying a torch, when they met, they exchanged cigarettes and lit up. Cheering on both sides was tremendous, and I shall never forget it. After a little while, several others went out, and a pal of mine met an officer who said that if we did not shoot for 48 hours, they wouldn't. And they were good as their word, too. On Christmas Day, we were nearly all out of the trenches. It was almost impossible to describe the day as it appeared to us here and I can tell you, we all enjoyed the peaceful time.” The family had said that Private Aplin would survive the war. He was sounded in the legs in March 1915 and went back to Britain where he recovered and would train new officers. After the war, he was a “milk man” and owned some “tea rooms.” The Cause of War World War I began in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and lasted until 1918. During the war, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) faced off against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). Because of new military technologies and trench warfare, the First World War killed more than 16 million people. Before the Truce The sides had negotiated cease fires for body retrieval for burial. But during the day, soldiers were ordered “over the top” for charges. Their bodies were left stranded in “no-man's land.” In the dark, both sides would send other soldiers out to retrieve the fallen. Sometimes, soldiers would intentionally hold fire. After dark, food would be delivered to the troops on both sides and they would actually cease fire during meal times.

    Encore: The Director of National Lampoon’s “Christmas Vacation”

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 15, 2021 43:46

    Plan on watching National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation this holiday season? Listen to the film's director Jeremiah Chechik talk about the impact that movie has had on him and on our holiday entertainment traditions. He'll talk about the making of the film and why the Griswold Family have become a staple in holiday viewing. This episode was originally released on December 2, 2019. Are there any movies you just have to watch every year during the holiday season? Maybe you like to watch Frank Capra's classic called It's a Wonderful Life that featured Jimmy Stewart. Or, perhaps your favorite move is one of the Home Alone films, written of course by John Hughes. Or, just maybe your holiday season wouldn't be complete without inviting Clark Griswold and family into your home. It's been 30 years since John Hughes wrote the script for National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, which itself was the third sequel in a series of National Lampoon Vacation films, starring Chevy Chase. The film was based on a short story that John Hughes wrote for National Lampoon in December 1980. That story was called, “Christmas '59.” The movie was no small budget affair. And it featured an ensemble cast of already established actors, and a few who would become A-list Hollywood stars. In addition to Chevy Chase, Beverly D'Angelo played Clark's wife Ellen. Juliette Lewis played their sarcastic teenage daughter. Johnny Galecki played their son, Russ. Randy Quaid delivered an unforgettable performance as Cousin Eddie, and he was joined by an all-star ensemble cast that included Miriam Flynn, who played his wife, and John Randolph, Diane Ladd, E.G. Marshall, Doris Roberts, who played the parents of Clark and Ellen. Other notable actors who made their mark on the film were William Hickey, Mae Questel, Julia Louis-Dreyfus and Brian Doyle-Murray. Christmas Vacation debuted at number-2 at the box office, grossing nearly $12 million that opening weekend. It would top the box office charts three weeks later, eventually grossing over $71 million in the United States. And that was before it hit the home video market and landed its place on our list of holiday season traditions. For Jeremiah Chechik, it was his first chance to direct a full-length feature film, and a comedy. Links National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, IMDB Jeremiah Chechik An Oral History of National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, Rolling Stone Christmas Vacation Movie Facts, Good Housekeeping About this Episode's Guest Jeremiah Chechik Jeremiah Chechik was born in Montreal, Canada in the fifties and grew up surrounded by books, home made radios and every issue of Popular Mechanics and Popular Science. He got himself a scholarship to McGill University in physics but at the last moment shifted his major to the arts. He was active in the anti-war movement and filmed documentaries on the Black Panthers. He directed plays, studied with John Grierson, the father of the documentary film and later became his assistant. After graduating, he moved to Toronto, worked as a master printmaker for the rare books library at University of Toronto, experimented with coupling the photographic processes to stone lithography and helped start a gallery (A-Space). He received Canada Council Grants, had many solo shows and became one of the first artists to work in laser holography. His success as a fine artist brought him to the attention of advertising agencies and fashion magazines and before long he moved to Milan and began a career as a fashion photographer for Italian Vogue. Jeremiah photographed editorial for Vogue and Harpers Bazaar as well as fashion and beauty campaigns worldwide eventually bringing him back to Canada to begin his evolution into film as he continued to work in photography but without exhibiting. Soon he moved to New York and began a meteoric rise as a ...

    Transplant Surgeon: Doctor of Second Chances

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 13, 2021 65:02

    Dr. David Weill joins Tim to talk about those life-saving transplant surgeries, the patients, the system for care and the challenges it faces, and what it's like to be a doctor of second chances. Dr. Weill was the Director of the Center for Advanced Lung Disease, and the Lung Transplant Program at Stanford. Today he operates the Weill Consulting Group, where he focuses on improving the delivery of transplant care. The first time doctors were able to transplant a human organ happened in 1954. That's when a kidney was transplanted successfully. In the decades to come, medical pioneers would master the medical art of transplanting livers, lungs, hearts, pancreases and other vital organs. While these surgeries are never described as routine, they are no longer uncommon. In the early years, individual hospitals and certain organizations managed everything from organ recovery, to transport, to transplantation. In between, they had to learn how to allocate valuable, life-saving organs for the most viable patients. In some respects, not much has changed, and that's a problem. Dr. David Weill has spent his career in organ transplantation with a focus on lungs helping those with severe lung disease. He ran the Lung Transplant Program at Stanford, and he wrote a book called “Exhale: Hope, Healing, and a Life in Transplant.” Links Weill Consulting Group (website) Dr. David Weill, Tulane Medicine website Supply Isn't the Problem with Organ Transplants, Wall Street Journal Exhale: Hope, Healing, and a Life in Transplant, by Dr. David Weill (Barnes & Noble) Opinion: Of course unvaccinated people should be barred from receiving transplant organs, Washington Post About this Episode's Guest Dr. David Weill Dr. David Weill has been in the forefront of developing and running some of the most successful lung transplant programs in the country. He served as Director of the Lung and Heart-Lung Transplant Program at Stanford University Medical Center from 2005-2016. He also developed the Stanford Center for Advanced Lung Disease which provides care for hundreds of patients with cystic fibrosis, interstitial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and emphysema. During this period, he also directed a rebuilding effort of the lung transplant program, producing some of the best outcomes in the country, while increasing the transplant program volume more than three-fold. In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Weill has testified before the U.S. Congress regarding occupational lung diseases. He has also published extensively in the medical literature regarding lung transplantation, occupational lung disease and advanced lung disease. He and his wife Jackie recently moved to his hometown of New Orleans with their two daughters.

    Encore: Marc Summers and Nickelodeon’s “Double Dare”

    Play Episode Listen Later Dec 6, 2021 28:45

    Television host and producer Marc Summers joins Tim to talk about the classic Nickelodeon show that put him and the Nickelodeon cable network on the map, Double Dare. Before Double Dare, kids didn't have their own game show and the Nickelodeon network was not as widely known as it would become after this crazy, messy, green slimy “party” that millions of millennials would rush home after school to watch. This episode was originally released on March 16, 2020. It was the first game show for kids on the Nickelodeon cable network. It premiered in 1986 with Marc Summers as its host. Double Dare. In the show, two teams would compete to win money and prizes by answering trivia questions and completing physical challenges that amounted to an organized mess. The original version of Double Dare ran from 1986 to 1993. Two subsequent versions relaunched in 2000, and then from 2018 to 2019. Double Dare had more than tripled viewership for Nickelodeon in the afternoon. It was the most popular original daily program on cable television. Because of that show, Nickelodeon was able to take its place as a major player in cable television, and game shows for kids a thing. The show remains Nickelodeon's longest-running game show. In January 2001, TV Guide, ranked the show number 29 on its list of 50 Greatest Game Shows. Links Marc Summers Double Dare, Nick Double Dare, Fandom Five Things to Know About the Green Slime on Double Dare, Newsday About this Episode's Guest Marc Summers Marc Summers is a veteran television host and producer, and a comedian. His long list of television credits include: host and producer of Double Dare on Nickelodeon, Unwrapped for the Food Network, and as executive producer of the Food Network's Dinner: Impossible and Restaurant: Impossible. Over the year's he's hosted other shows, such as the syndicated Couch Potatoes, Nickelodeon's What Would You Do?, and as a talk show host on the Lifetime network's Our Home program. He remains active in new projects across several networks and platforms.    

    Space: The Search for Intelligent Life

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 29, 2021 52:52

    Seth Shostak joins Tim to talk about the serious scientific search for intelligent life beyond Earth.  Seth is the senior astronomer at the SETI Institute, which was created by NASA and is located in Silicon Valley. It is dedicated to the search for life beyond Earth. In this episode, Seth talks about what we're learning about the potential for finding intelligent life, not only within our solar system, but well beyond it. The SETI Institute was created on November 20th, 1984 as part of NASA. NASA located it close to its Ames Research Center in Northern California. Its mission has been as ominous as it has been ambitious, to look for intelligent life beyond our planet. Before the SETI Institute, NASA had funded a small project in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, but it quickly realized the job was bigger than it had anticipated. NASA wanted to find ways to put more money into research without too much overhead. That led to the idea of creating a nonprofit organization that would focus on research and education around the search for extra-terrestrial life beyond Earth. This vision was born in 1984 with the founding of the SETI Institute. Since then, the SETI Institute has spun out from NASA and has grown in many ways. Seth Shostak is the Institute's senior astronomer. In addition to his work on the Institute's research programs, he's also an author on books about astrobiology. He's published hundreds of articles, and he's a regular contributor to NBC News. He's also the host of the SETI Institute's weekly science radio show called, “Big Picture Science.” Links The SETI Institute (website) Seth Shostak (website) Big Picture Science Radio Show and Podcast Contact (motion picture), IMDb The Drake Equation, SETI Institute Allen Telescope Array, SETI Institute James Webb Space Telescope, NASA About this Episode's Guest Seth Shostak Seth Shostak directs the search for extraterrestrials at the SETI Institute in California - trying to find evidence of intelligent life in space. He is also committed to getting the public, especially young people, excited about astrobiology and science in general. Seth is the host of “Big Picture Science,” the SETI Institute's weekly radio show. The one-hour program uses interviews with leading researchers and lively and intelligent storytelling to tackle such big questions as: What came before the big bang? How does memory work? Will our descendants be human or machine? What's the origin of humor? Big Picture Science can be found in iTunes and other podcast sites.

    Thanksgiving Football: Play-by-Play with Dan Miller

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 22, 2021 42:15

    The voice of the Detroit Lions Dan Miller joins Tim to talk about America's Thanksgiving football tradition and life as a pro football play-by-play announcer. Dan is the Sports Director at Fox 2 TV in Detroit, and he's been the play-by-play radio voice of the National Football League's Detroit Lions since 2005. In this episode, Dan talks about a Thanksgiving tradition that dates back to 1934. The annual Thanksgiving Detroit Lions football game. In 1934, baseball was America's pastime, but American football was starting to gain momentum. That's the year that a Detroit radio executive named George Richards organized a group to buy a pro football team in Portsmouth, Ohio and move it to Detroit.  In order to generate interest and ticket sales, he came up with an idea. So, he approached George Halas.  He was the owner of the Chicago Bears. Richards wanted his newly christened Detroit Lions to play the Chicago Bears on Thanksgiving morning. He was successful. Then, right after that, he convinced the NBC Radio Network to broadcast the game across the country to its 94 local radio stations. That year, the Lions were 10 and 1, and the Bears were 11 and 0. The star players on the Bears were Red Grange and Bronko Nagurski. The game was a sellout, with 26,000 fans in attendance in a stadium on the campus of the University of Detroit. This was the largest crowd that had ever watched a game in Detroit. The game was a hit. The national radio broadcast – also a first – was a hit as well. The Bears won the game 19 to 16. That game was the start of an American Thanksgiving tradition. Dan Miller (left) with former Detroit Lion and Pittsburgh Steeler QB Charlie Batch. (Source: Dan Miller) On most Thanksgiving days in the past 87 years, the Detroit Lions have played football. The only exceptions were from 1939 through 1944, which were the World War Two years. The first nationally televised Thanksgiving game was the one between the Lions and the Green Bay Packers in 1953. Still, the Lions weren't the first pro football team to play on Thanksgiving. In 1920, the Elyria, Ohio Athletics took on the Columbus Panhandles for a scoreless tie. And from 1922 through 1933, the Chicago Cardinals and the Chicago Bears had played each other on Thanksgiving. In more recent times, the Dallas Cowboys threw their hat into the ring. In 1966, the NFL decided to add a second Thanksgiving game to the schedule, featuring the Dallas Cowboys. Then in 2006, the league added a third game to the Thanksgiving schedule, though both participants in that game change from year to year. As voice of the Detroit Lions, Dan Miller has been a part of America's Thanksgiving football tradition since 2005. Links Dan Miller Bio, Fox 2 TV, Detroit Why Do the Lions Always Play on Thanksgiving, Pro Football Network This is Why the Lions Always Play on Thanksgiving, Buzzfeed Why do the Lions Always Play on Thanksgiving Day?, Forbes  

    Encore: The Story Behind the Song “Play that Funky Music”

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 15, 2021 45:29

    The founder of the band Wild Cherry and the creator of the iconic song “Play that Funky Music,” Rob Parissi, joins Tim to do an anatomy of a funky song. That funky song, which has been named one of the top 100-performing songs of all time. Rob tells stories and gives a hint why new generations are embracing it even today. The song is one of the best known of the disco era by one of the best-known bands of the disco era. But while so many other songs have faded along with the entire genre of disco music, this song continues to endure. The song Play that Funky Music continues to find new fans decades after it was written. Rob Parissi, one of the founders of the band Wild Cherry, and who wrote many of the band's songs, tells us what it was like at the peak of the disco era and what it was like to write that one disco song that has stood the test of time. Links Play That Funky Music – Play That Funky Music – The Number Ones: Play That Funky Music – Stereogums Wild Cherry – About this Episode's Guest Rob Parissi Robert “Rob” Parissi is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist, perhaps best known as frontman for the American funk group Wild Cherry, best known for their 1976 Parissi-penned chart-topper “Play That Funky Music”. He was born in 1950 and raised in the steel mill town of Mingo Junction, Ohio. He graduated from Mingo High School in 1968. Rob formed the band Wild Cherry in 1970 in Steubenville, Ohio, one mile north of Mingo Junction along the Ohio River. The band played the Ohio Valley region, Wheeling, West Virginia and the rest of the Northern West Virginia panhandle, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. After Wild Cherry disbanded in 1979 without another major hit, Parissi became a producer and dedicated himself to adult contemporary music. In 2017, he retired from the music industry, but continues to manage the properties he created during his career.

    Hollywood: Showdown Over Safety

    Play Episode Listen Later Nov 8, 2021 43:34

    Milton Riess joins Tim to talk about the recent Alec Baldwin shooting and what it means to safety on the Hollywood set going forward, along with standard safety protocols for filmmakers. Milton is a writer, filmmaker and a college professor who has worked on nearly 300 film and television productions over 35-plus years. Milton talks about working conditions and safety on the set of Hollywood film productions. By now, you may have heard of the tragic shooting on the movie set where actor Alec Baldwin shot and killed the cinematographer of the movie he was making. The movie was called, “Rust,” and not only did Baldwin shoot the cinematographer, but the same bullet wounded the film's director. Here's a summary of what we know happened on that day in October. Baldwin was on the movie set in a make-shift church, rehearsing a movement where he pulls his gun and shoots in the same direction as the camera.  He was rehearsing his moves for an upcoming scene. For background, six crew members objected to working conditions and walked off the set hours before the fatal event. Before that, there had been at least two accidental gun discharges on the set. The gun that Baldwin used, a real Colt 45, was handed to him by the film's assistant director. He had taken the gun off of a cart, where it was placed by the movie's armorer, Hannah Gutierrez-Reed. When the assistant director gave the gun to Baldwin, it's said he told the actor the gun was “cold,” which means safe to use with no live ammunition. Other reports have revealed that certain safety protocols were ignored. Santa Fe County Sheriff Adan Mendoza said that 500 rounds of ammunition, which included a mix of blanks, dummy rounds, and possibly live rounds were mixed together. Veteran film armorers who commented on the shooting in various news reports have said that it's widely understood that there should not be live rounds anywhere near a movie set. Some said it's not acceptable to leave a gun on a cart or anywhere unattended during filming. Investigations are now under way to determine what went wrong, who is responsible, and perhaps how the film industry can learn and change from this for the future. Links Milton Riess, IMDB "Rust" Film Set Shooting "Puzzling" not "Surprising," Fox News Milton Riess, Santa Fe Community College Alec Baldwin's "Rust" Gun Left Unattended for Two Hours Before Halyna Hutchins was Fatally Shot, New York Post About this Episode's Guest Milton Riess Milton Riess has about 35 years of professional experience deep inside the hard and fast trenches of the Film and Television industry. He is currently a Lead Professor and Co[1]Chair of the Film Department at Santa Fe Community College, primarily heading their Film Production, Film Crew Training Program, and Workforce Development. Milton is also a commissioner on the Santa Fe Film and Digital Media Commission. Milton moved to Santa Fe nine years ago from Los Angeles. After one of his shows got cancelled (and they all do), he came to Santa Fe for a long weekend. By the end of the weekend, he rented a place, and a month later, he became a resident. Milton has worked as a writer, director, technical director and actor. Several of his screenplays have won international awards (2012 Hollywood Screenplay Contest, International Family Film Festival Competition, Semi-finalist in Zoetrope Screenplay Competition). He has been Lighting Director and Technical Director on several Emmy award-winning TV series for NBC/E! Networks as well as countless other TV shows, pilots, commercials, and music videos.