A brief history of Mid-Autumn Festival, and the tale of Hou Yi the Archer & the Ten Suns, and Chang'e & the Moon Fill my heart with song, and let me sing forever more You are all I long for, all I worship and adore Sources: Barlett, Scarlett. The Mythology Bible: The Definitive Guide to Legendary Tales. Masaka, Mori. “Restoring the ‘Epic of Hou Yi'” in Asian Folklore Studies, vol. 52, no. 5. Yang, Lihui, Demin An, and Jessica Anderson Turner. Handbook of Chinese Mythology. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Meghan Murphy and K. Yang talk about their women-centric activism and why it's somehow "hateful" to protect children from lies and bodily harm. https://twitter.com/MeghanEMurphy https://www.meghanmurphy.ca https://twitter.com/StopXXErasure https://www.thedeprogrammer.com Support this channel: https://www.buymeacoffee.com/benjaminaboyce --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/calmversations/message Support this podcast: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/calmversations/support
CONTÁCTAME POR WHATSAPP https://wa.me/message/VLBJNM7KBBQDC1 DÉJAME CONOCER TU CASO HACIENDO CLIC AQUÍ - https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/superar-ansiedad Mi página web https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/ La medicina china tradicional, considerada como un conjunto de prácticas milenarias de medicina alternativa, tiene como objetivo recuperar el equilibrio entre las fuerzas naturales opuestas presentes en cada ser humano que pueden causar alguna enfermedad (https://www.cancer.gov/espanol/publicaciones/diccionarios/diccionario-cancer/def/medicina-tradicional-china); por esta razón, en el video adjunto te enseñaremos tres grandes técnicas que puedes aplicar. Recomendaciones antes de realizar los ejercidos de medicina china. Los siguientes ejercicios requieren ser complementados con técnicas que ya te hemos indicado como la oración para la ansiedad (https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/oracion-para-la-ansiedad/), principalmente para garantizar su efectividad. Ejercicios Ubicándote en la sección del entrecejo realiza ligeros masajes en forma de círculo; pues estimulando esta zona podrás entrar en un estado de relajación a la misma vez limitando la generación de neurotransmisores de estrés. Basándonos en la digitopuntura. evidentemente una técnica desarrollada por la medicina china, podemos reducir las altas palpitaciones del corazón producidas por la ansiedad; así pues, usando los pezones como referencia nos ubicamos en el esternón y haremos un masaje circular de tres a cinco minutos. Si llegas a sufrir un ataque de pánico o ansiedad ciertamente te puedes relajar a través de un ligero masaje sin demasiada fuerza el punto shen men, el cual se encuentra en el pliegue de la muñeca, en el hueco al lado radial del tendón cubital, proximal al hueso pisiforme. Este ejercicio de la medicina china tradicional sirve para bajar las palpitaciones, como resultado facilita el desaparecer la sensación de angustia. El interés en la medicina china. Esta medicina alternativa se basa en el equilibrio de tres ejes, el ying entendido como el cuerpo; el chi entendido como la energía vital y el Shen entendido la mente, por lo anterior, la medicina china tradicional tiene ciertas similitudes con la terapia cognitivo conductual, por esta razón, la búsqueda de este equilibrio en una persona, puede ayudar a mejorar y encontrando ese equilibrio consigo mismo efectivamente se puede encontrar un equilibrio con el entorno que se habita. ENLACES DE INTERÉS 1. Conversatorio sobre medicina china con el doctor Javier Rincón (https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/7-secretos-medicina-china-curar-ansiedad/) 2. Oración para la ansiedad (https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/oracion-para-la-ansiedad/) 3. Guía Rápida para superar la ansiedad (https://nelsonarturopsicologo.com/producto/guia-rapida-superar-ansiedad/) Referencias Bibliográficas Yang, Xy., Yang, Nb., Huang, Ff. et al. Efectividad de la acupuntura en el trastorno de ansiedad: una revisión sistemática y metanálisis de ensayos controlados aleatorios. Ann Gen Psiquiatría 20 , 9 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12991-021-00327-5
Perinatal mental health concerns affect as many as 20% of US women. Among Asian-American moms, ingrained cultural values can be an impediment to both diagnosis and treatment. In this episode of Mind Dive Podcast, hosts Bob Boland, MD and Kerry Horrell, PhD welcome two colleagues from The Menninger Clinic, psychologists who focus on women's mental health and the particular needs of perinatal women in the Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI) community. Nausheen Noor, PhD became passionate about women's mental health as a community provider in Karachi, Pakistan, working with women struggling with domestic violence, depression and traumatic stress. She is also a strong advocate for mental health and wellness in the AAPI community, working to address lingering stigmas. The podcast also features Rose Yang, PsyD, the adult division coordinator and faculty leader for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion at The Menninger Clinic. Dr. Yang became invested in AAPI mental health in her early career, but her own subsequent experiences as a mom led her to explore maternal mental health challenges and attendant cultural issues in the Asian-American community. She is a certified perinatal mental health provider.While it may be helpful at times to consider AAPI individuals as a community and to acknowledge intersecting experiences, Drs. Noor and Yang emphasize that it is critical to also recognize that the community is not a monolith, and is comprised of people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. Dr. Yang notes that the “model minority” stereotype—a 1960's era term coined in a news article about Japanese American success—has been problematic, as it minimizes the struggles of many AAPI sub-groups, both ethnic and experiential (e.g., refugees). The panel also discusses the impact of the COVID pandemic as a stressor in the AAPI community, as it both catalyzed anti-Asian hate crimes and contributed to “lumping” all Asians together without regard for the rich breadth of their heritages. Drs. Noor and Yang discuss the meaning of perinatal health—perinatal covers the period before, during and after pregnancy—and the factors that can lead to mental health challenges. While pregnancy can exacerbate pre-existing psychological vulnerabilities, other factors are contributors as well, including hormonal and psychosocial changes and disrupted sleep. Dr. Noor notes that fertility challenges and treatment can also contribute to feelings of stress and depression. Among Asian-American women, cultural and familial norms and differing levels of acculturation can discourage these moms from acknowledging and/or speaking about the feelings they are experiencing and from seeking help. The solution? Drs. Noor and Yang emphasize the critical importance of timely, frequent and culturally sensitive screening by a variety of health practitioners—at Ob/Gyn and Pediatrician visits, and also by lactation counselors, midwives and doulas. Because this is a time that their focus is on care for the baby, women may be missing out on themselves; multiple check-in points may help to identify mental health concerns early on. They note that the American Follow The Menninger Clinic on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn to stay up to date on new Mind Dive episodes. To submit a topic for discussion, email firstname.lastname@example.org. If you are a new or regular listener, please leave us a review on your favorite listening platform! Visit www.menningerclinic.org to learn more about The Menninger Clinic's research and leadership role in mental health.
This week, the Doctor chats with Davros, Missy chats with Clara, and the four of us wonder if those chats are fun enough to sustain forty-five minutes of television. All while actually having quite a fun chat ourselves. It's The Witch's Familiar. Notes and links Quite a few mentions are made of the 60-minute LP of Genesis of the Daleks. This was released in 1979, more than 10 years before the first VHS release, so for much of our childhood it was the only Doctor Who story we could actually own (apart from the novelisations). Naturally, we basically know it off by heart. The convention in Sydney that Nathan talks about took place in November 2015. In fact, it was where we all met Steven B for the first time. Here's an account of the event published at the time in The Guardian. The last time Moffat wrote for both the Daleks and the Master, the Master was played by Jonathan Pryce, and it was a story that also featured sewers full of faeces. That story was The Curse of Fatal Death, which we've linked to many times before and which you should all re-watch immediately. Richard sees thematic parallels between this story and the 1961 film Judgement at Nuremberg, featuring Judy Garland, obviously, a lot of very accomplished actors and mad-uncle-of-the-podcast William Shatner. He also draws a parallel between the conversations here between the Doctor and Davros and the ones between Patrick McGoohan and Leo McKern in the final episodes of The Prisoner. Sir Ken Adam (1921–2016) was the designer on many of the early James Bond films, from Dr. No in 1962 to Moonraker in 1979. He's particularly famous for his sets' modernist design and angled ceilings. Picks of the week Simon Simon recommends a quiet and thoughtful science fiction film After Yang (2021), in which a family has to come to terms with the death of their AI assistant Yang. Here's the review from The Guardian. Todd Todd recommends the Australian competitive reality TV show Hunted, in which 24 people are dropped in Melbourne and have to avoid being captured by various former police officers and cybersecurity experts. Here's a review from the Sydney Morning Herald. Richard Richard urges us to watch (or re-watch) the last two episodes of The Prisoner — Once Upon a Time and Fall Out, both of which star Leo McKern as Number Two. Nathan Nathan recommends the second series of Star Trek: Strange New Worlds, which is available to stream on Paramount+. He makes particular mention (a) of the musical episode and (b) of our podcast Untitled Star Trek Project, which has already covered three episodes of the series. Follow us Nathan is on the-Dalek-sewer-formerly-known-as-Twitter as @nathanbottomley, Todd is @toddbeilby, Richard is @RichardLStone,and Simon is @simonmoore72. The Flight Through Entirety theme was arranged by Cameron Lam. You can follow the podcast on Twitter at @FTEpodcast. We're also on Facebook and Mastodon, and you can check out our website at flightthroughentirety.com. Please consider rating or reviewing us on Apple Podcasts, or we'll trick you into sitting in this comfortable chair over here. And more You can find Jodie into Terror, our flashcast on the entirety of the Whittaker Era of Doctor Who, at jodieintoterror.com, at @JodieIntoTerror on Twitter, on Apple Podcasts, and wherever podcasts can be found. We'll be back with a new flashcast on the second Russell T Davies era in November. Stay tuned for more details: there's only a few weeks to go now. Our James Bond commentary podcast is called Bondfinger, and you can find that at bondfinger.com, at @bondfingercast on Twitter, on Apple Podcasts, and everywhere else as well. We can also be heard on the Blakes 7 podcast Maximum Power, which has completed its coverage of the first half of the show's entire run. Stay tuned for news about the release of our coverage of Series C: the wheels are in motion. There's also our Star Trek commentary podcast, Untitled Star Trek Project, featuring Nathan and friend-of-the-podcast Joe Ford. In our most recent episode, we are horrified by all the heterosexual romance on display in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode The Price.
本期我们的目的地是南非的开普敦。南非是一个国家么？那里是遍地动物么？你们吃什么？有网络么？是不是很多人还住在草屋里……关于南非，分享嘉宾 Jo和小青蛙被问了无数个充满刻板印象的问题。那么，就让我们来到开普敦这个迷人的海滨城市，进行一场城市漫游，在移步换景间，去了解南非的过去和现在，去看看老百姓怎么过日子，去听听分享人在这里的成长故事——让我们通过开普敦去打开南非的大门。特别鸣谢：感谢南非旅游局赞助播出本期节目，同时也感谢“日光派对”促成合作。下期预告：10月7日（星期六）将推出“酸辣东南亚”第4期《婆罗洲有一支“天津人”》，我们将来到东马来西亚沙巴州的亚庇市，去探访 100 多年前来到这里的华北人后裔。|故事节点|04:00 关于南非的“经典”刻板印象 10:07 三个首都和12种官方语言13:20 开普敦：热情&寒冷16:52 第一站：公司花园、小松鼠和博物馆19:52 第二站：长街、Bo-kaap和“第一个星期四” 24:00 我在南非长大30:59 第三站：罗本岛和曼德拉33:42 文化熔炉和身份认同38:44 第四站：好望角还可以求子？42:19 开普半岛和观鲸之旅44:45 第五站：桌山上的欢乐48:56 第六站：开普敦大学和这里的课堂65:46 私人美食和旅行推荐|壮游者|Jo：出生在Pretoria南非华人，约翰内斯堡度过高中生涯，曾在开普敦大学学习工业社会学和组织心理学。南非小青蛙：曾在南非教授了三年中文，2021 年在南非开始创业，现为开普敦大学人类学博士候选人。|主播|Yang：会唱两句《光辉岁月》的一名男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及小宇宙节目下方的“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请订阅、转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
A society overflowing with guns and drugs. Politicians who would rather cater to the extreme fringes of their parties instead of the country as a whole. And dark money flowing in from secretive billionaires with eccentric agendas.This is the United States depicted in the novel The Last Election by former Democratic presidential candidate Andrew Yang.Yang left the Democratic Party to start his own non-partisan party, called Forward.He tells host Steve Clemons that the US is headed for a bleak future unless new leaders rise who are willing to "solve the problems that are literally driving us crazy".
There is an axiom in Traditional Chinese Medicine that goes a little something like this: ‘Blood is the mother of Qi, and Qi is the commander of Blood'. They are interdependent, each needing the other to support life on a cellular level. Without blood, the nerve will die, and the blood requires the directing and integrating (yang) influence of the nerves to get to and from where it needs to nourish (yin).Glutathione is thus critical for the biochemical function of the Mother and the Commander, and signs of RBC fragility and neuropathy may be good indications that you may benefit from a highly absorbable glutathione supplement, especially if you suffer from any chronic disease associated with oxidative stress.
Tracklist: 01. TRE - Neones [Deeper Harmonies] 02. KRISMI - Radiance [Magik Muzik] 03. Like Mike, Silver Panda, Against All Ødds - Unity [Tomorrowland Music] 04. Mhammed El Alami, Choujaa & EGGSTA - Hold On [Black Hole] 05. Armin van Buuren feat. Anne Gudrun - Love Is A Drug [Armind] LIGHT SIDE TRACK 06. Swedish House Mafia - Ray Of Solar (Mau P Remix) [SSA Recordings] 07. The Blizzard - Kalopsia (Matt Fax Remix) [Armind] 08. Alexander Popov & Ahmed Helmy - In Your Mind [Interplay] 09. Pete Shade - What You Wanna Be [Find Your Harmony] FAVORITE OF THE MOEMENT 10. DIM3NSION - Ring The Alarm [Find Your Harmony] 11. Product Of Us - Under Control [Siona Records] 12. Ciaran McAuley & Emilie Rachel - Move On (Farius Remix) [Black Hole] 13. Rapid Eye - Circa-Forever (Markus Schulz Down the Rabbit Hole Remix) [Armada Music] 14. Tensteps & Sendr & Robin Vane - Paradise Tonight [Find Your Harmony] DARK SIDE TRACK 15. Hardwell & Machine Made - Human [Revealed] 16. Richard Durand & D72 - Raise Yourself [Black Hole] A BREATH OF AETHER 17. Arisen Flame - Challenger [Arisen Music] 18. Derek Ryan - Fearless [Regenerate] 19. Steve Dekay & Sydien - Beliefs [Find Your Harmony] 20. Luke van Ness - Arrival [Monster Neos] 21. BiXX & Natalie Gioia - Beautiful Chaos [Nocturnal Knights] 22. Iain M - Valhalla Rising [Outburst Records] 23. Avaxx - Set Me Free [HTE] 24. Stoneface & Terminal & Neev Kennedy - Lost (Ciaran McAuley Remix) [Amsterdam Trance] 25. Vini Vici & Gabry Ponte - Damage [Smash The House] 26. TH3 ONE & Adam Nickey - Beautiful Day [Vandit Records] 27. Yang & Emoiryah - Like The Sun (Jimmy Chou Remix) [AVA White] 28. Cris Grey, Parnassvs - The Cube [Outburst Twiling] 29. Armin van Buuren - Computers Take Over The World (Maddix Remix) [Armind] 30. Shugz x Will Rees - Skedaddle [Regenerate] 31. Adam Reece - No Love Lost [FSOE] 32. Calvin Harris & Sam Smith - Desire (Alok Remix) [Columbia (Sony) CLASSIC SELECTION 33. Gareth Emery & Lucy Saunders - Sanctuary (Sean Tyas Remix) [Garuda]
本期是《酸辣东南亚》系列的第 2 期。在上期节目也提到，菲律宾有 7000 多个岛屿，几乎每个岛屿也都有自己独特的文化。吕宋岛北部山区的部落，跟马尼拉相距也就一两百公里，但那里是另外一个世界。本期的壮游者是王泽远，他将带领我们去吕宋岛的北部山区看看那边的原住民风俗，包括原住民从狩猎到稻米的食物演变；还有二次葬、悬棺这样的丧葬文化；还有巫医、猎头和纹身等风俗，让我们去看看更多元的菲律宾。下期预告：9月21日(星期四)将推出《国王的红包》，我们将来到加里曼丹岛上的文莱，这是我们东南亚之旅的第二个国家，我们在这里赶上了“严格”的斋月，那么，在这个传说中富的流油的国家，王室与老百姓什么关系？社会福利如何？年轻人的发展机会有多少？我们请到了在文莱长大的朋友John来分享他的故事。|故事节点|03:56 “拼凑”起来的菲律宾？10:59 马来群岛的原住民从哪里来？ 14:00 什么是矮黑人（Negrito）？21:34 从狩猎到大米，食物主权的丧失28:21 无米饭，不成活！40:35 二次葬和交叉习俗47:00 巫医、通灵者、老女人和女性化的男人56:42 悬棺和洞葬61:12 他们为什么“猎头”？66:23 纹身和百岁纹身师75:07 为什么要去了解他们？|壮游者|王泽远:社会与行为健康学/食品研究博士，旅居40余国，目前在拍摄原住民食物相关的纪录片，参与联合国粮农组织世界原住民中心项目，业余写作和摄影爱好者。公众号：熙评 世界民族部落与历史文化。|主播|Yang:33 岁后就没有了要纹身念头的一名男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及小宇宙节目下方的“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请订阅、转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
This episode we will look at the influences on Japan from the continent, starting with what was going on between the archipelago and the peninsula with tribute--in the form of birds and even books--as well as conflict. We'll start to look at what sorts of knowledge was being passed over to Japan in the form of various books, and hopefully set the stage for changes that we will eventually see in the form of the Yamato government, itself. For more, check out our blog post at https://sengokudaimyo.com/podcast/episode-94 Rough Transcript Welcome to Sengoku Daimyo's Chronicles of Japan. My name is Joshua, and this is Episode 94: Magpies, Buddhism, and the Baekje Summer Reading Program This is one of a multi-part series discussing the late 6th and early 7th centuries during the reign of Kashikiya Hime, aka Suiko Tennou. Last episode, Episode 93, I did a very quick overview of just what is going on and some of the players involved. This episode I want to start deep diving into some of the topics, and we're going to start with looking at the relationship between Yamato and the Continent, primarily, but not exclusively, through their relationships, the gifts and tribute that was going back and forth, and immigration—primarily from Baekje and Silla—and the importation of new ideas, not just Buddhism. This in turn would would eventually lead to a formal change in the way that the Yamato state governed itself and how it came to see itself even as an equal to that of the Sui court, which had unified the various kingdoms of the Yangtze and Yellow River Basins in the area of modern China. To begin, we'll go back a bit, because this dynamic isn't simply about Kashikiya Hime, Soga no Umako, or any one, single figure—though that is often how it is portrayed. To start with, let's cover some background and what we know about the archipelago and the continent. As we went over many, many episodes back, the early Yayoi period, prior to the Kofun period, saw a growth in material cultural items that were from or quite similar to those on the Korean peninsula. There had been some similarities previously, during the Jomon period, but over the course of what now looks to be 1200 to 1300 years, the is evidence of people going regularly back and forth across the straits. It is quite likely that there were Wa cultural entities on both sides in the early centuries BCE, and there are numerous groups mentioned on the Korean peninsula, presumably from different ethno-linguistic backgrounds, though typically only three areas get much focus: The Samhan, or three Han, of Mahan, Byeonhan, and Jinhan. Later this would shift to three Kingdoms: Baekje, Silla, and Goguryeo, and they would get almost all of the press. Still, we know that there were groups like the Gaya, or Kara, confederacy, and likely other small, eventually isolated groups that did not have their stories written down anywhere, other than mentions in the Chronicles of Japan or of one of the other three major Kingdoms of the peninsula. These groups continued to trade with the continent, and as the archipelago entered the period of mounded tombs, they were doing so as part of a larger mounded tomb cultural area that included both the archipelago and the Korean peninsula: First the funkyubo, which is to say burial mounds, with multiple burials, and then the kofun, the singular tomb mounds for an individual and possibly their direct relatives. This tradition reached its apex with the distinct zenpo-koen, or round-keyhole style, kofun, an innovation that was rooted in continental practice but at the same time distinctly a part of the archipelago. Many artifacts came over throughout this period, and a fair number of them came with a new innovation: writing. There is debate over the earliest forms of “writing” to be found in the islands, with evidence of characters on pottery being questioned as to its authenticity. However, it is hard to question the writing that appeared on the early bronze mirrors and other such artifacts that showed up. Early writing on the archipelago is more decorative or even performative—crude attempts to copy existing characters that often demonstrate a lack of understanding, at least by the artisans that were making various elite goods. Though, based on the fact that even obvious forgeries with nonsense characters made their way into tombs as grave goods, we can probably assume that most of the elites were not too concerned with writing, either, other than for its decorative, and possibly even talismanic qualities. In the fourth and fifth centuries, this began to change. We have specialists and teachers coming over to the archipelago, often there as tutors for the royal Baekje princes who were apparently staying in Yamato as part of a diplomatic mission. No doubt some Yamato elites began to learn to read and write, but even at this point it seems to have been more of a novelty, and for several centuries reading and writing would seem to have remained largely the purview of educated immigrant communities who came to Yamato and set up shop. Though, along with things like the horse, writing may have nonetheless assisted Yamato in extending its authority, as speech could now, with a good scribe, be committed to paper or some other medium and then conveyed great distances without worry about something begin forgotten. So, at this point, writing appears to mostly be utilitarian in purpose. It fills a need. That said, we have discussion of the Classics, and as reading and writing grew, exposure to writings on philosophy, religion, and other topics expanded. After all, reading meant that you were no longer reliant on simply whom you could bring over from the continent. Instead, you could import their thoughts—or even the thoughts of humans long dead—and read them for yourself. In the early 6th century, we see Baekje sending over libraries worth of books. These are largely focused on Buddhist scriptures, but they also include other works of philosophy as well. It is unclear to me how much the evangelical nature of Buddhism contributed to this spread. Buddhism exhorts believers to share the Buddha's teachings with all sentient beings. Even during the Buddha's lifetime, his disciples would go out and teach and then gather back with their teacher during the rainy season. Buddhist teachings, coming over in books—the sutras—came alongside of other writings. There were writings about philosophy, about medicine, and about science, including things that we might today consider magical or supernatural. Those who knew how to read and write had access to new knowledge, to new ideas, and to new ways of thinking. We can see how all of this mixed in the ways that things are described in the Chronicles. For example, we see that many of the rulers up to this point have been described in continental terms as wise and sage kings. Now, as Buddhism starts to gain a foothold, we see Buddhist terminology entering in to the mix. In some ways it is a mishmash of all of the different texts that were coming over, and it seems that things were coming more and more to a head. In addition, there were things going on over on the continent as well, and this would come to also affect the archipelago. For one thing, this was a period of unification and consolidation of the various state polities. Baekje and Silla had been consolidating the smaller city-states under their administration for some time, and in 589 the Sui dynasty finally achieved what so many had tried since the time of the Jin—they consolidated control over both the Yangtze and Yellow River basins. They set up their capital, and in so doing they had control of the largest empire up to that point in the history of East Asia. The Sui dynasty covered not only these river basins, but they also had significant control over the Western Regions, out along the famous Silk Road. The Sui could really make some claim to being Zhongguo, the Middle Kingdom, with so many of the trade routes passing through their territory. They also controlled the lands that were the source of so much of the literary tradition—whether that was the homelands of sages like Confucius, or else the gateway to India and the home of Buddhism. It is perfectly understandable that those states in the Sui's orbit would enter a period of even further Sinification. For the archipelago this was likely through a lens tinted by their intermediaries on the Korean peninsula, but even they were clearly looking to the Sui and adopting some of the tools of statecraft that had developed over in the lands of the Middle Kingdom. During the early years of the Sui, Yamato had been involved in their own struggles, and at the end of the previous reign Yamato had an army in Tsukushi poised to head over and chastise Silla for all that they had done to Nimna, but then Hasebe was assassinated, and it is unclear what actually happened to that expedition. Yamato started gathering an army in 591, and Kishi no Kana and Kishi no Itahiko were sent to Silla and Nimna, respectively, as envoys, and then we are told that in 595 the generals and their men arrived from Tsukushi. Does that mean that they went over to the peninsula, fought, and then came back from Tsukushi? It is all a little murky, and not entirely clear to me. Rather, we are told that in 597 the King of Baekje sent Prince Acha to Yamato with so-called “tribute”—the diplomatic gifts that we've discussed before, re-affirming Baekje and Yamato's alliance. Later that same year, Iwagane no Kishi was sent to Silla, so presumably Yamato and Silla relations had improved. Iwagane no Kishi returned back some five months later, in 598, and he offered a gift from the Silla court of two magpies to Kashikiya Hime. We are told that they were kept in the wood of Naniwa, where they built a nest in a tree and had their young. Aston notes here that magpies are plentiful on the continent but not in Japan. Indeed, their natural range is noted across eastern China and up through the Amur river region, as well as a subspecies up in Kamchatka, and yet it seems like they didn't exactly stray far from the coast. In modern Japan, the magpie, is considered to be an invasive species, and the current populations likely were brought over through trade in the late 16th century, suggesting that this initial couple of birds and their offspring did not exactly work out. Even today magpies are mostly established in Kyushu, with occasional sightings further north—though they have been seen as far north as Hokkaido. Perhaps Naniwa just was not quite as hospitable for them. There is also the possibility that the term “magpie” was referencing some other, similar bird. That is always possible and hard to say for certain. That said, it is part of a trend, as four months later, in the autumn of 598, a Silla envoy brought another bird: this time a peacock. Not to be outdone, apparently, a year later, in the autumn of 599, Baekje sent a veritable menagerie: a camel, two sheep, and a white pheasant. Presumably these were sent alive, though whether or not there was anyone in Japan who knew how to take care of them it is unclear. I can only imagine what it must have been like to have such animals on board the ship during the treacherous crossing of the Korea strait—for all we know there were other exotic gifts that were likewise sent, but these are the only ones that made it. And if this sounds far-fetched, we have plenty of evidence of the exotic animal trade. Animals such as ostriches, and possibly even a giraffe or two, were somehow moved all the way from Africa along the silk road to the court in Chang'an. There were also “tribute” gifts sent from parts of the archipelago, though I suspect this was quite different from the diplomatic gifts shared between states. For example, there was a white deer sent to Kashikiya Hime from the land of Koshi in the winter of 598. It was no camel or magpie, but white or albino animals—assuming that wasn't their normal color—were considered auspicious symbols. Also, in 595 there was a huge log that washed ashore in Awaji. A local family hauled it up and went to use it as firewood when they noticed that it gave off a particularly sweet smell. Immediately they put out the fire, as they suddenly realized what they had: it was a log of aloeswood. Aloeswood is well known as one of the most highly prized aromatic woods, and it famously does not grow in Japan. In fact, it is a tropical wood, growing in Southeast Asia. For a log to have washed ashore is almost unbelievable—perhaps it was part of a trade shipment that sank. It isn't impossible that a log somehow fell, naturally, into the ocean and followed the currents all the way up to Japan, which would have been quite the journey. And so, with such a rare gift, the people offered it up to Kashikiya Hime. This was probably the best course of action. They could use it for themselves, but that likely wouldn't have done much other than help perfume the air for a time. Or they could have tried to sell it—but given the rarity, I'm sure there would have been questions. In both cases, I suspect that they would have been at risk of some elite getting wind and deciding that they should just take it for themselves. By offering it to the court, publicly, they received the credit for it, at least—and it probably put them in favor with the court at least for a little while. Logs like this would be treated with immense respect. Small pieces would be taken, often ground down and used sparingly. A piece much like this called “Ranjatai” came over as a gift from the Tang dynasty in the 8th century, and was later preserved at Todaiji in the 8th century, and is still there as part of the Shosoin collection. The story of this particular one is interesting in that knowledge of aloeswood and the tradition of scent appreciation likely came over from the continent, probably from the Sui and Tang dynasties, as part of the overall cultural package that the archipelago was in the midst of absorbing. Despite the apparently good relations indicated by gifts like magpies or peacocks, it is clear there were still some contentions with Silla, especially given that nobody had forgotten their takeover of Nimna, and it didn't help that in 600, we are told that Silla and Nimna went to war with each other--again. It isn't clear just how involved Yamato was in this, if at all—by all accounts, Nimna has already been under Silla control. Was this a local rebellion? An attempt by Yamato and Baekje to split it off? Or something else? Or is it just a fabrication to justify the next bit, where we are told that Kashikiya Hime sent an army of 10,000 soldiers under the command of Sakahibe no Omi as Taishogun and Hozumi no Omi as his assistant, the Fukushogun? They crossed the waters over to Silla and laid siege to five of Silla's fortresses, forcing Silla to raise the white flag. The Nihon Shoki claims that Silla then ceded six fortified places: Tatara, Sonara, Pulchikwi, Witha, South Kara, and Ara. Since Silla submitted, the Yamato troops stopped their assault and Kashikiya Hime sent Naniwa no Kishi no Miwa to Silla and Naniwa no Kishi no Itahiko to Nimna to help broker some sort of peace. Interestingly, this seems quite similar to the account of 591, when they sent “Kishi no Itahiko”, with no mention of Naniwa. Presumably it is the same individual, and I have to wonder if it isn't the same event, just relocated and duplicated for some reason. A peace was brokered, and the Yamato troops departed, but it seems that Silla was dealing in something other than good faith: no sooner had the Yamato troops gotten back in their boats than Silla once again invaded Nimna, again. I'd like to stress that there is no evidence of this at all that I could find in the Samguk Sagi, and it is possible that some of this is in the wrong section, possibly to simply prop up this period, in general. However, it is equally as likely that the Samguk Sagi simply did not record a loss to Yamato—especially one that they quickly overturned, setting things back to the status quo. As such, the best we can say is that Silla and Yamato around this time were less than buddy buddy. With Silla going back on their word, Yamato reached out to Goguryeo and Baekje in 601. Ohotomo no Muraji no Kurafu went to Goguryeo, while Sakamoto no Omi no Nukade traveled to Baekje. Silla was not just waiting around, however, and we are told that Silla sent a spy to Yamato, but they were arrested and found out in Tsushima. They arrested him and sent him as tribute to the Yamato court. We are told that the spy's name was “Kamata”, and he was banished to Kamitsukenu—aka the land of Kenu nearer to the capital, later known as Kouzuke. And there are a few things about this story that I think we should pull on. First off, that name: Kamata. That feels very much like a Wa name, more than one from the peninsula. We aren't told their ethnicity, only whom they were working for, so it may have been someone from Wa, or possibly that is just the name by which they were known to the archipelago. There likely were Wa who were living on the peninsula, just like there were people from Baekje, Silla, and Koguryeo living in the archipelago, so that's not out of the question. Furthermore, it would make sense, if you wanted to send someone to spy on Yamato, to use someone who looked and sounded the part. The punishment is also interesting. They didn't put him to death. And neither did they imprison him. In fact, I'm not sure that there would have been anywhere to imprison him, as there wasn't really a concept of a “prison” where you just lock people up. There may have been some form of incarceration to hold people until they could be found guilty and punished, but incarceration as a punishment just doesn't really come up. Instead, if you wanted to remove someone, banishment seems to have been the case—sending them off somewhere far away, presumably under the care of some local official who would make sure that they didn't run off. Islands, like Sado Island, were extremely useful for such purposes, but there are plenty of examples where other locations were used as well. They probably could have levied a fine, as well, but that seems almost pointless, as he would have been free to continue to spy on Yamato. Instead they sent him about as far away from Silla and Silla support as they could send him. This also speaks to the range of Yamato's authority. It would seem that Tsushima was at least nominally reporting to Yamato, though given that he was sent as “tribute” to the court, that may indicate that they still had some level of autonomy. And then there must have been someone in Kamitsukenu in order to banish someone all the way out there, as well. Of course, given all of this, it is hardly surprising that Yamato was back to discussing the possibility of making war with Silla again. And so, in the second month of 602, Prince Kume was appointed for the invasion of Silla, and he was granted the various “Be” of the service of the kami—possibly meaning groups like the Imbe and the Nakatomi, along with the Kuni no Miyatsuko, the Tomo no Miyatsuko, and an army of 25,000 men. And they were ready to go quickly—only two months later they were in Tsukushi, in the district of Shima, gathering ships to ferry the army over to the peninsula. Unfortunately, two months later, things fell apart. On the one hand, Ohotomo no Muraji no Kurafu and Sakamoto no Omi no Nukade returned back from Baekje, where they likely had been working with Yamato's allies. Kurafu had been on a mission to Goguryeo and Nukade had been sent to Baekje the previous year. However, at the same time, Prince Kume fell ill, and he was unable to carry out the invasion. In fact, the invasion was stalled at least through the next year, when, in about the 2nd month of 603, almost a year after Prince Kume had been sent out, a mounted courier brought news to Kashikiya Hime that he had succumbed to his illness. She immediately consulted with her uncle, Soga no Umako, and the Crown Prince, Umayado, and asked them for their counsel. Ultimately, she had Kume's body taken to Saba in Suwo, out at the western end of the Seto Inland Sea side of western Honshu, modern Yamaguchi Prefecture, where the prince was temporarily interred, with Hashi no Muraji no Wite, possibly a local official, overseeing the ceremony. Later, Wite's descendants in the region were called the Saba no Muraji. Kume was finally buried atop Mt. Hanifu in Kawachi. A quick note here about time. It is sometimes difficult to figure out just what happened when. This is all noted for the fourth day of the second month of 603. Clearly it didn't all happen in one day, so what actually happened on that day? Remember, Kume fell ill in the 6th month of 602, and we are now in the 2nd month of the following year. So did he fall ill and then was wasting away for 8 months before he passed away? Or is this the date when the court learned of his death? Or is it the date when his body was finally buried? There is a lot going on, and they don't exactly provide a day-to-day. My general take is that this is when the news arrived at the court, which is when there would have been a court record, while the rest was likely commentary added for context, even if it happened much later. In addition, this whole thing holds some questions for me, not the least the name of this prince: Kume. Presumably, Kume was a full brother to none other than the Crown Prince, Prince Umayado. He was also a son of Princess Anahobe and the sovereign, Tachibana no Toyohi, and we have seen then name “Kume” before as a name, or at least a sobriquet, for someone in the royal family. However, it also means “army”, which seems surprisingly on the nose, given that all we are given about him is that he was supposed to lead an army. It makes me wonder if this wasn't one of those half-remembered stories that the Chroniclers included without all of the information. Then again, maybe Kume really was his name, and this is all just a coincidence. I also would note that it was not typical to have a royal prince leading an expedition like this. Typically, the taishogun would be someone from an influential family, but not a member of the royal family, themselves. That this army was being led by a royal prince also seems to speak to how this was seen as significant. Perhaps that is why, when Kume passed away, they chose as his replacement his older brother: Tahema. [Look up more on Tahema and if I can find out about him] Tahema was selected to take over for his younger brother on the first day of the 4th month of 603, and 3 months later, on the 3rd day of the 7th month, he was leaving out of Naniwa. He didn't get very far, however. Tahema embarked on this adventure along with his own wife, Princess Toneri. We've seen this in past episodes, where women were in the camp alongside their husbands, directly supporting the campaigns. Unfortunately, in this case, Princess Toneri died shortly into their journey, at Akashi. This is recorded as only three days after they had departed, which likely means it happened quickly. They buried her at Higasa Hill, but Tahema, likely grieving his loss, returned, and never carried out the invasion. Five years later, things may have improved with Silla, as there were a number of immigrants—we are only told that they were “many persons”—came to settle in Japan. What isn't noted is whether or not this was of their own volition. What forces drove them across from the peninsula? Did they realize that there were opportunities to come and provide the Yamato elites with their continental knowledge and skills? Were they prisoners of war? If so, where was the war? Or were they fleeing conflict on the peninsula? Perhaps political refugees? It isn't exactly clear. While things were rocky with Silla, relations seem to have been much better with the Baekje and Goguryeo. While exotic animals may have been the gift of choice in the early part of the period, by 602, Baekje and Goguryeo were both sending gifts of a different sort. These were more focused on spiritual and intellectual pursuits. And so, in 602, a Baekje priest named Kwalleuk—or Kanroku, in the Japanese pronunciation—arrived bringing books on a number of different subjects, which three or four members of the court were assigned to study. We don't know exactly what the contents of each book was, but based on what we generally know about later theories, we can probably make some educated guesses that much of this was probably based on concepts of yin and yang energies. Yin and yang, were considered primal energies, and at some point I will need to do a full episode just on this, but during the Han dynasty, many different cosmological theories came together and were often explained in terms of yin and yang. So elemental theory is explained as each element has some different portion of yin and yang, and similarly different directions, different times of day, and different times of the year were all explained as different proportions of yin and yang energies, which then contributed to whether certain actions would be easier or more difficult—or even outright dangerous. The book on calendar-making, or ”koyomi”, was assigned to Ohochin, whose name suggests that he may have been from a family from the continent, and he was the ancestor of the Yako no Fumibito. Calendar-making was considered one of the more important roles in continental sciences, although it never quite took off to the same degree in Yamato. Still, it described the movement of the stars and how to line up the lunar days with various celestial phenomena. It also was important for understanding auspicious and inauspicious days, directions, and more—arts like divination, geomancy, and straight up magic would often provide instructions that required an understanding of the proper flow of yin and yang energies, as represented by the elements, and expressed on the calendar in terms of the elemental branch and stem system, with each day being related to a given element in an either greater or lesser capacity, usually related as the elder or younger brother. Events might be scheduled to take place, for instance, on the first rat day of the first month, and so the calendar maker would be the one to help determine when that would be. Also, since the solar and lunar calendars were not in synch, there would occasionally be a need for a “leap month”, often known as an extra-calendrical month, which would typically just repeat the previous month. This would happen, literally, “once in a blue moon”, an English expression referring to a solar month with two full moons. In fact, we just had one of those last month, in August of 2023. This isn't to say that the archipelago didn't have a system of keeping track of seasons, etc. Clearly they were successfully planting and harvesting rice, so they had knowledge of roughly what time it was in the year, though there are some thoughts that a “year” was originally based on a single growing period, leading to two or three “years” each solar year. Either way, farmers and others no doubt knew at least local conditions and what to look for regarding when to plant, and when to perform local ceremonies, but this was clearly a quote-unquote, “scientific” approach, based on complex and authoritative sounding descriptions of yin and yang energies. Closely related to the calendar-making studies, another book that the Baekje priest Kwalleuk brought over was one on Astronomy, or “Tenmon”, a study of the heavens, which was studied by Ohotomo no Suguri no Kousou. For perhaps obvious reasons, astronomy and calendar-making were closely aligned, since the change in the stars over the course of the year would often have impacts on the calendar. However, this was also likely very closely aligned with something akin to astrology, as well, following the celestial paths of various entities, many of those being things like planets. If you aren't aware, planets, though they often appear in the sky as “stars”, have apparently erratic movements across the heavens. The stars generally remain fixed, and from our perspective appear to “move” together throughout the year. Planets, however, take funky loop-de-loop paths through our sky, as they, like the earth, are also orbiting the sun. Furthermore, different planets orbit at different speeds. All of this leads to some apparently strange movements, especially if you envision the sky as a round dome over a flat earth. There are also other phenomenon, from regular meteor showers to comets, and even eclipses, all of which were thought to have their own reasons. Some of these were considered natural—neither auspicious nor inauspicious—while others were thought to impact the flow of yin yang energy on the earth, thus potentially affecting our day-to-day lives. Kousou was apparently trying to get the special bonus for the summer reading program, because he also studied another book that came over from Baekje on a subject that Aston translates as “Invisibility”, or “tonkou”. This is a little less obvious an explanation. I don't think that they were literally studying, ninja-style, how to not to be seen. In discussions of kami we've talked in the past about visible kami and, thus, conversely, invisible kami. It appears to be based on a type of divination to help better understand auspicious and inauspicious signs, and is based on a blend of various theories, again connected to a large yin-yang theory. Finally, there was another volume that was studied by Yamashiro no Omi no Hinamitsu that Aston translates as straight up “magic”, or “houjutsu”. Of course, in the worldview at the time, Magic was just another science that we didn't understand. By understanding the flow of yin and yang, one can affect various things, from helping cure disease and heal the sick to causing calamity, even to the point of possibly learning the secrets of immortality. Much of this would fall into the terms “onmyoudou”, the way of Yin and Yang, and there had been some work on that introduced earlier. That it was being introduced by a Buddhist priest demonstrates what I was saying earlier about just how interconnected it all was. Other Buddhist gifts were much more straightforward. In 605, for instance, the king of Goguryeo sent 300 Ryou of what they call “yellow metal”, possibly an admixture of gold and copper, for a Buddhist image. Five years later they sent two priests. One of them, Tamchi, is said to have known the Five Classics, that is the Confucian classics, as well as how to prepare different colored paints, paper, and ink. All of this is interesting, but it is the usual suspects. Yamato had been siphoning off culture and philosophy from the states and kingdoms of the Korean peninsula for some time, and in that time, they began to adopt various continental practices. In later centuries, much of this would be attributed to the work of Shotoku Taishi, aka Prince Umayado, especially the transmission of Buddhist thought, although for the most part we haven't actually seen a lot of that in the Chronicles themselves, which we'll get to. However, later stories paint him as one of the main forces pushing for reform in the court, especially when they would eventually push for a new, 17 article constitution, based on principles pulled from a variety of sources—both Buddhist and Han philosophical foundations. Along with that constitution, the court also instituted a 12 rank system for court ministers. This ranking system would remain in place, eventually replacing entirely the kabane system that ranked individuals based on their family in favor of ranking one for their individual achievements. Furthermore, it wasn't just a status symbol. Rank would come into play in all aspects of courtly life, from the parts of the palace you were allowed to be in, the kinds of jobs you could do, and even the amount that you were paid for your service, making the families of the land part of and dependent on the bureaucracy. And with such a system in place, there was only one natural thing for it: The Yamato court would reach out beyond the Korean peninsula and go directly to the source. They would send envoys to the court of the Sui Emperor himself and establish relations with the Middle Kingdom directly, leading to one of the most famous diplomatic incidents in all of the early Japanese history. And that is where I'm going to have to leave it for now, because once we get into that rabbit hole we are going to have a whole other episode. And so now we are fully grounded in our foundation. We can see Yamato importing people and also ideas from the continent, through the peninsula, and those ideas are taking root. They are causing changes, at least at the Yamato court, but those changes would eventually make there way throughout society, and forever change Japan and even how they see themselves. The lens of what is commonly seen as Buddhist and Confucian thought would be a powerful tool that would shape the ideas to come. Until next time, then, thank you for listening and for all of your support. If you like what we are doing, tell your friends and feel free to rate us wherever you listen to podcasts. If you feel the need to do more, and want to help us keep this going, we have information about how you can donate on Patreon or through our KoFi site, ko-fi.com/sengokudaimyo, or find the links over at our main website, SengokuDaimyo.com/Podcast, where we will have some more discussion on topics from this episode. Also, feel free to Tweet at us at @SengokuPodcast, or reach out to our Sengoku Daimyo Facebook page. You can also email us at email@example.com. And that's all for now. Thank you again, and I'll see you next episode on Sengoku Daimyo's Chronicles of Japan.
Join us, Joyce and Jamie, as we shed some light on what to expect in the upcoming Yin & Yoga Nidra and Inversions & Arm Balances Workshops! We kick off with the Yin & Yoga Nidra Class; hosted by Suzi Ketterer, and discuss the difference between Yin & Yang (active & passive) poses. We'll cover the importance of including these two types of yoga for a balanced practice and Joyce shares some funny antidotes about past workshops and her role as the "toe wiggler."We'll move on to next week's Inversion & Arm Balance Workshop, hosted by Jamie Pantea and Amanda Hatfield. We'll discuss the overall structure of the class and what to expect, but also debunk the myth that inversions are only for the experienced yogi. We'll cover different poses, the benefit of using props and how it all ties back into your everyday yoga practice. Learn More about Modern Yoga.Like us on Facebook.Follow us on InstagramOr Twitter.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new statistic in April. It showed that one out of every 36 children suffered from autism in 2020. When we look at the same number two years before that, it was one in 44. And when we look back to the year 2000, it was one in every 150 children. Many people have been arguing that it's because we have much better screening and diagnostic tools today. Meaning that the numbers are increasing because we can detect autism better than we used to. But the surging numbers defy this simplistic explanation. The current understanding is that autism depends on your genetics—so there's nothing an individual can do about it. But a recent meta-analysis of 25 autism studies could shift this understanding. It could fundamentally change the focus of research into the cause of autism from genetics to certain factors in your external environment. And that important shift could open up new, revolutionary avenues for potential treatments. But does that mean we can treat autism, or at least decrease the severity of the symptoms? One doctor has been doing just that. Join us as Dr. Jingduan Yang, a psychiatrist and a fifth-generation practitioner of Traditional Chinese Medicine, shares his understanding on autism. Make sure to subscribe to his YouTube channel “Dr. Yang Health Talks.” Dr. Yang will be releasing a series there on treating children and adults with autism, as well as what couples can do before and during pregnancy. ⭕️ Watch in-depth videos based on Truth & Tradition at Epoch TV
本期是《酸辣东南亚》系列的第 1 期。我们在菲律宾首都马尼拉来了一趟 City walk，第一站是圣安娜的“被遗弃的圣母教堂”，通过宗教和英语，去了解下菲律宾是如何被塑造出来的，也去了解下菲劳为何遍布世界的；然后我们步行逛了圣安娜的社区；又去了南部公墓，这里有一群寄居者，住在墓园内的墓室里；然后是去圣安娜市场吃了特色食物，了解下菲律宾的食物如何受到多种文化的熏陶；然后我们坐船穿过马尼拉的母亲河巴石河，去建成于 60 年代的博尼法西奥堡公寓，这里是一个政府为低收入人群建的公屋，有着一个举世闻名的篮球场，这也是这里的居民进行抗争的一部分。最后，我们登上最具菲律宾特色的吉普尼，去到了Ayala malls，完成了从平民区到商业区的旅行，这趟旅程，也能让我们大致领略普通老百姓的日常生活。更多图片请订阅公众号“壮游者”并打开相关文章。下期预告：9 月 18 日（星期 一）将推出“酸辣东南亚”第 2期，目的地是菲律宾吕宋岛北部山区，正在菲律宾做田野调查的王泽远博士，将带领我们去那里看看包括矮黑人在内的原住民的风俗——二次葬、悬棺、猎头、通灵、纹身……|故事节点|01:54 菲律宾是什么？05:49 在薄荷岛找旅行感觉 10:55 马卡蒂的楼群和我们的线路18:11 菲劳、乐队…英语塑造的美式菲律宾28:55 第一站：被遗弃的圣母教堂33:11 东半球最大天主教国家的圣诞节热情35:40 第二站：圣安娜街区的编号和宵禁45:00 第三站：南部公墓里寄居者53:58 第四站：米粉、红薯，圣安娜市场的食物“交换”64:11 第五站：公屋、篮球场，博尼法西奥堡居民的抗争75:20 篮球，共同的身份认同83:20 第六站：伯纳黛特的婆家86:40 第七站：吉普尼司机的神技和商场|壮游者|贝贝:羡慕伯纳黛特猫狗双全的一名女子。Yang:终于来到那个篮球场的一名男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及小宇宙节目下方的“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请订阅、转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
Today the Chicks discuss Biden's dramatic impeachment inquiry, Andrew Yang's role in the whole “No Labels” party, and why Sen. Kennedy is reading inappropriate books to the Senate.4Patriotshttps://4patriots.comStock up and save 10% on your order with code CHICKS and receive free shipping on orders over $97. Birch GoldText CHICKS to 989898Text CHICKS to 989898 for your free gold info kit..Bulwarkhttps://knowyourriskradio.comActively manage your retirement accounts with Bulwark Capital and get a free copy of Common Cents Investing.Cozy Earthhttps://cozyearth.com/chicksGet cozy with Cozy Earth and save up to 40%.EdenPUREhttps://edenpurdeals.comUse discount code CHICKS360 to save over $25 and free shipping on the EdenPURE 360 Air Fan. Field of Greenshttps://fogchicks.comUse promo code CHICKS to save 15% off your order plus an additional 10% when you subscribe..Fast Growing Treeshttps://fastgrowingtrees.com/chicksCreate the yard of your dreams with Fast Growing Trees. Save 15% off your entire order. Offer ends 10/15/23.Genucelhttps://genucel.com/chicksSave 70% off Genucel Most Popular Package: https://genucel.com/CHICKSHealthycellhttps://healthycell.com/chicksSupport healthy joint movement and flexibility with Joint Health and Mobility from Healthycell. Use promo code CHICKS for 20% of your first order.My Pillowhttps://mypillow.com/chicksEnter code Chicks in the Radio Listener's Square for 50% off the My Pillow 6-Piece Towel Set. Now only $39.99.Omaha Steakshttps://omahasteaks.comEnter code CHICKS in the search bar to save 50% on Steaks and get 2 FREE NY Strip Steaks with select packages during Steaktember! Patriot Mobilehttps://patriotmobile.com/chicksGet Free activation today with offer code CHICKS. Call today 878-PATRIOT.RuffGreenshttps://ruffchicks.comGet your FREE Jumpstart Trial Bag of Ruff Greens, simply cover shipping.
In this episode we dive deep into the mystical origin of the Universe and consciousness and how that relates to your life and purpose. Join us to hear one of the key practices of Human Design that can unlock your purpose and help you get the most out of life. Key Takeaways: The conception of the Universe and the Voice's interpretation of the big bang Understanding the Crystals of Consciousness The mechanics of how you get your design - the design crystal, personality crystal and magnetic monopole Understanding the Yin and Yang of it all Tips for embodying Passenger Consciousness DayLuna: Get our book: Your Human Design! Your Human Design Besties Online Human Design Reader Training Join the waitlist for Kiss Goodbye Your 9-5 Join us as Transcendence Fest Dec 8-10 2023 Use code: DayLuna for 10% off! Physical Products & Ritual Kits Digital Products & Video Courses www.daylunalife.com Instagram Book a Reading Here!
Andrew Yang and Stephen Marche have co-authored a new novel which is out today, The Last Election. In it, we follow a character not unlike Yang himself—a maverick political outsider whose slogan is, "Do the Math." But in this alternative reality, the candidate's appeal injects uncertainty into a system which devolves into a state of chaos and violence. Also on the show, why the Pennsylvania prison escapee is playing like less of a captivating adventure than past prison break-out stories. Produced by Joel Patterson and Corey Wara Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org To advertise on the show, visit: https://advertisecast.com/TheGist Subscribe to The Gist Subscribe: https://subscribe.mikepesca.com/ Follow Mikes Substack at: Pesca Profundities | Mike Pesca | Substack Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices
Monday at WCLC 2023 features the Presidential Symposium. In this special WCLC 2023 episode of Lung Cancer Considered, hosts Dr. Narjust Florez and Dr. Stephen Liu talk with Dr. Eric Lim about MARS 2: A Multicentre Randomized Trial Comparing (Extended) Pleurectomy Decortication versus No Radical Surgery for Mesothelioma. Dr. Paula Ugalde, discussant for MARS 2, provides her unique overview and perspective on research presented today. The hosts also talk with Dr. P.C. Yang about the new results presented in the TALENT study of lung cancer screening in Taiwan. Patient advocate Emi Bossio adds her unique perspective. Additionally, Dr. Pasi Janne summarizes his presidential abstract: Osimertinib With/Without Platinum-Based Chemotherapy as First-line Treatment in Patients with EGFRm Advanced NSCLC (FLAURA2) and is joined in a discussion with Emi Bossio, a patient with EGFR lung cancer. Professor Eric Lim is a Consultant Thoracic Surgeon at the Royal Brompton Hospital and Professor of Thoracic Surgery at the National Heart and Lung Institute of Imperial College London. Pan-Chyr Yang, MD, PhD--National Taiwan University College of Medicine and National Taiwan University Hospital, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan. Paula Ugalde – Dr. Paula Ugalde Figueroa, Thoacic Surgeon, Brigham and Women's Hospital Pasi Jänne is the Director of the Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and the David M. Livingston, MD Chair at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
If you're getting ready to hire someone new or add a person to your advisory board it is easy to look for someone with whom you'll get along. That, however, might not be the best choice. What you often need is someone who can compliment your weaknesses and fill in the blanks in your skill set. Very often the person who does that is the Yin to your Yang. They're your opposite and so while they bring that fresh perspective and different skills they can also make you a little crazy because they're not going to see the world the way you do. But, if you want to grow your business you need that other perspective. You need people who will challenge your ideas, make you think and see the world in different ways.
本期是《酸辣东南亚》系列的第 0 期。我们回来了，从 2023 年 3 月16 日到 8 月 5 日，贝贝和我（Yang）游历了11个东南亚国家中的 10 个。这趟旅程，我们邀请到了一些有意思的人、对不同目的地进行分享，贝贝和我也会做“补充说明”。预计总量在19 期左右，将以周更或一周双更的频率推出，敬请收听。在本期，贝贝和我会聊聊东南亚有什么元素吸引我们前去？我们经历了哪些难忘的“第一次”？遇到了哪些印象深刻的人和事？以及在这趟旅程中有什么发现和收获？最后，解下题：“酸辣东南亚”是在出发前就定下来的系列名称，但在归来后，发现“酸辣”其实是对东南亚的刻板印象或者说是误解——那么，就让我们从误解中出发，去重新打量一下被季风吹拂的东南亚。更多图片请订阅公众号“壮游者”并打开相关文章。下期预告：9 月 14 日（星期四）将推出“酸辣东南亚”第1期，目的地是菲律宾首都马尼拉，我和贝贝将用一趟在马尼拉城里的 City Walk，和你一起进入平民区（圣安娜区），我们会去国家教堂、公屋、市场，通过语言、食物、宗教还有篮球，去看看菲律宾的老百姓怎么过日子，另外，我们也去了趟南部公墓——阴阳两隔，地下可能是一些富人的安息之地，地面，则成为赤贫者的家……|故事节点|03:52 “酸辣东南亚”的路线和分享人16:19 什么是东南亚？ 19:44 为什么去东南亚？26:04 摩旅、斋月、去医院…我们经历的“第一次”34:11 旅居、做饭和如何省钱？39:40 岘港房东、万象私厨…我们记得你！44:39 清迈恋曲、帝力球局…我们记得你！51:05 旅途中我们为什么有更多的笑？59:37 给个机会，让世界对我表达！63:35 “酸辣”东南亚是个“误解”！67:28 没找到赞助，免费推送，请多支持！|壮游者|贝贝:第一次旅行四个多月的一名女子。Yang:旅途中受到贝贝照顾的一名弱男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及小宇宙节目下方的“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请订阅、转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
Today's episode we got comedians and musicians Nick Thune and Lizzy Cooperman. We discuss complacency in dating, sobriety and romance, how pride destroys intimacy and how sarcasm can be used as a weapon in a relationship. Nick explains why he won't ogle or comment upon women. We ask whether or not relationship-phobia limits spiritual and emotional growth and attempt to answer a listener's question regarding cheating on a partner and whether or not to tell them. Lizzy shares her musings on love languages, PDA and the concept of being a yin versus a yang. It's a pretty thoughtful episode y'all, but as we often do, there's also a lot of jokes and Nina can't help but do some sort of voice. Enjoy! Thanks to Factor Meals for sponsoring today's episode. Save time, eat well, and stay on track with America's #1 Ready-To-Eat Meal Kit. Head to https://www.factor75.com/GOG50 and use code GOG50 to get 50% off. FOLLOW OUR SOCIALS: https://www.flowcode.com/page/girlsonguys FOLLOW NINA: https://www.instagram.com/pizzaparty69/ (00:00) Intro (01:26) Flowers (02:32) Farting in Front of your Partner (05:16) Manipulation in Relationships (12:19) Guys' IG Comments (16:40) I Cheated... What Do I Do? (26:30) Forgiving a Cheater (30:52) Is Flirting Cheating? (37:20) Giving to Get (42:10) The Mystery of a LTR (42:56) Yin or Yang (54:20) Love Languages (56:40) PDA (1:00:21) Commitment-phobic
In this week's episode, Michael and Paul sit down to discuss two very well known opposites: yin and yang. Not only do they move through qualities and elements that represent yin and yang, but more specifically they dive into yin and yang as it applies to teaching yoga and how you approach your classes. They discuss the Yang as structure, the left brain, the logic or anatomy, controlling the room, respect, among much more. Paul shares examples of requiring students to turn their phones off at the start of class or reprimanding someone who isn't creating a safe environment for them and their neighbors as ways to hold the space with yang energy. Whether or not it is.a yang style practice (power, vinyasa, rocket, etc) there is an importance of using yang qualities to create a sense of respect and safety. On the opposite side, they talk about Yin as holding space, creativity, vulnerability, and sharing authentically from the heart. People need to feel safe in a yin class in order to heal. People need to relax in order to feel vulnerable. Softening the body to allow emotions and feelings to come through. So the way we support students in doing this is by opening our own hearts and sharing from a place of softness and love. Paul shares an anecdote of a student on a recent meditation teacher training who really won over the hearts of her classmates by allowing the class to really see her while guiding. Among many other topics, Michael and Paul also discuss finding advanced trainings that balance out what you need to nurture within you. If your trainings used to be very structured, find one that's very flowy and soft. Study with different types of teachers. They dive into the art of receiving feedback, the importance of taking risks, and what balance really means. 00:00 Introduction 02:16 The Yang of Teaching 04:22 Masculine and Yang Styles 09:00 Structure and Discipline in Class 14:00 The Yin of Teaching 18:35 Your Personal Touch/Uniqueness 20:33 Receiving Feedback 25:00 Being Relaxed and Being Seen 28:00 Taking Risks 29:55 Continued Learning to Nurture New Sides of You 33:20 Balancing Yin and Yang 36:40 Doing Your Own Work --- About Going Pro Yoga: At Going Pro Yoga, we help yoga teachers become even better by teaching them new skills and giving them the tools they need to make their yoga classes safe, fun, and special for everyone. **Right now you can try Going Pro Yoga FREE for 7-days and sample: All Tools Needed to Master Cueing, Sequencing, and Alignment Video Library of over 75 fully Sequenced Classes, Sequence Chunks, and Flows FIRST EVER Yoga Cueing System with Over 160 poses and Hundreds of Variations Wisdom Talks from over 20,000 Hours of Teaching Experience Anatomy and Injury Prevention as it relates to Yoga. To Learn More, Visit Going Pro Yoga, and Start your 7-Day Free Trial! For more information about in-person trainings in Bali, https://www.elementsofpoweryoga.com/advancedtrainings --- Send in a voice message: https://podcasters.spotify.com/pod/show/goingproyoga/message
Brittany Hiller is the COO of Renegade and the complementary Yin to Amy Jo's Yang. Britt embodies a fusion of razor-sharp legal acumen with entrepreneurial artistry. Discover how Britt's journey took an unexpected turn from attorney to CMO, and how her remarkable results led to her taking the reins as CEO, leading the organization in 200+% topline growth in 2.5 years and a nine-figure exit, all before the age of 32. In this episode, Amy Jo delves into the synergy between her distinct skill set and that of Britt's, highlighting how they seamlessly intertwine to amplify each other's strengths. Britt goes on to unveil her 'secret sauce'—a set of leadership strategies she employs to enhance connectivity, foster a robust team dynamic, and drive not only her own achievements but also elevate the organizations she engages with to remarkable success. In a candid conversation, Britt delves into her journey of navigating the landscape as a young female CEO, shedding light on the stark discrepancies in treatment and questioning she faced compared to her male counterparts. Discover how Britt not only harnessed the power of numbers to silence skeptics but also strategically wielded data as a shield against naysayers. For more info and to join Renegade, head to https://www.renegade.global Follow Renegade Global on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/renegade_global/ Get Amy Jo's newsletter: https://www.renegade.global/newsletter Follow Amy Jo: Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/amyjomartin/ Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/amyjomartin/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AmyJoMartin/ Why Not Now? Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/whynotnow/ Buy Amy Jo's Book: https://amyjomartin.com/book
本期我们的目的地依然是芝加哥，将在“壮游者”Tianye的带领下开始一趟芝加哥黄金时代建筑寻宝之旅。从模仿欧洲到美国特色、从咆哮的 20 年代到女性独立，漫步在摩天大楼的故乡里，听这7 幢建筑讲述的一段段历史。|故事节点|08:58 外墙上的观音头像16:25 新古典主义和瑞格理大厦 27:22 咆哮的20年代与碳化物与碳大厦33:41 向欧洲学习的芝加哥艺术中心39:26 保护主义和蒙哥马利沃德总部大楼50:01 美国特色和苏利文中心57:44 摩天大楼的“祖宗”信实大厦63:07 女性独立和马歇尔·菲尔德大厦69:32 深盘披萨和芝加哥风格热狗81:45 彩蛋：影视作品里的美国中西部|壮游者|Tianye:前留学生，现伊利诺伊州注册建筑师，业余时间在芝加哥建筑中心担任建筑步行游讲解员。|主播|Yang:对芝加哥论坛报大楼上的观音头像很好奇的一名男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及喜马拉雅、小宇宙节目下方“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
Hello from three far-flung cities! This week, we're joined by our pal Vinson Cunningham, staff writer and theatre critic for The New Yorker. After briefly interrogating Jay's recent pivot to dad-hiker fashion (pic for subscribers only), we hear Vinson's take on the Trump mugshot. [4:05] The image gets us talking about aesthetic self-perception, the celebrity accused in popular culture, and the lack of a good analysis of Trump's true appeal. [41:45] Next, we discuss last week's G.O.P. primary debate, which causes Jay to confront what fascinates him about Vivek Ramaswamy, Tammy to question her EMILYs List impulses, and Vinson to call b******t on right-wing claims of populism. In this episode, we ask: How does the Trump mugshot, a visual anomaly in the history of presidential imagery, reflect on our political system? What's the value of similar pix in countries where former leaders are regularly imprisoned? Is there any ceiling on this Trump thing? Why didn't the G.O.P. primary debate feature more culture-war talk? For more, see: * Vinson's recent piece about the Trump mugshot, plus older ruminations on presidential imagery: * From 2017: Pete Souza and the Politics of Looking at Barack Obama* From 2018: The Politics of Race and the Photo That Might Have Derailed Obama* Jay's recent articles about integration in Shaker Heights, Ohio and Vivek Ramaswamy's debate performance * A Q&A by Isaac Chotiner (apols for the New Yorker plugs) about the constitutional case for barring Trump from the presidency* Previous TTSG episodes featuring Vinson: * “Tár,” a film for the chattering class (February 2023) * "Mare of Easttown" special impromptu episode! (May 2021) * Vinson Cunningham on the NBA, Yang, and IRL theatre (May 2021) And pre-order Vinson's forthcoming novel! * Out of respect for our many repeat guests, we note that this episode marks Vinson's fourth TTSG appearance, which ties him with Hua Hsu and Jenny Wang Medina. Subscribe on Patreon or Substack to join our Discord community (and see photo evidence of Jay's newfound style). You can also follow us on Instagram, TikTok, and Twitter, and email us at email@example.com. This is a public episode. If you'd like to discuss this with other subscribers or get access to bonus episodes, visit goodbye.substack.com/subscribe
Paul Johnson sits down with presidential candidate and Forward Party Founder Andrew Yang. They discuss the status quo of the American political system and why the partisan system is dividing Americans and not providing them with a functional government. Additionally, the two talk about how the Forward Party was born and what it's all about, the biggest threats to American democracy, and some mind-blowing statistics about the current political landscape. Andrew Yang and Paul Johnson kick off the conversation talking about the Forward Party and why Yang decided to focus on reform as opposed to simply sticking with the Democratic Party and potentially run in another primary for President. In Yang's opinion, the current two-party system is not designed for good policy, but rather for putting people against each other. Yang discusses the aftermath and repercussions of going from being a longtime Democrat to an Independent. Yang believes that there are a lot of issues, such as climate change, education and immigration, that aren't going to be solved unless the political system itself evolves. Yang and Paul touch upon what's not working with the current political system and how people are getting dragged to the extremes by the tribalism of the Party. The Forward Party is focused on being a gathering ground for folks who want common sense solutions and good policy, while also advocating for structural reforms. Paul and Yang touch upon the financial ramifications of the current political system and what the Forward Party aims at achieving from that standpoint. Andrew Yang explains why you can be successful with an effort such as the Forward Party without actually having to win in every state. Many people think that 51% is needed for the Forward Party to change politics for the better – however, that number is way lower, closer to 10%, says Andrew Yang. The Forward Party's platform is really designed to change the existing system and empower independents and unaffiliated voters through promoting open primaries and rank choice voting. The effort is designed to push these reforms as well as eliminating dark money in politics, and it allows its members to make up their own minds on divisive issues. You can join the Forward Party and remain a registered Democrat, Republican, or Independent. Yang explains what people can do to try and make a change. A little dirty secret of American democracy: up to 70% of local races are uncontested or uncompetitive. Yang explains that getting a number of committed people together to boost a local candidate can make an enormous difference. Paul and Andrew Yang share what they consider the biggest threats to democracy right now. Both are very optimistic about America, but our biggest threat is politics and the two political parties. Mentioned in This Episode: optamerican.com Addictive Ideologies: Finding Meaning and Agency When Politics Fail You by Dr Emily Bashah and Hon Paul Johnson The Optimistic American on YouTube - @optamerican Become a premium supporter of the show: OptAmerican.com/premium Andrew Yang ForwardParty.com Voter Choice Arizona Liz Cheney Adam Kinzinger Lisa Murkowski Previous episode - How Political Reform Created Cooperation and Collaboration in Alaska, with Alaska Senator Cathy Giessel Glenn Youngkin Mary Paltola Sarah Palin Christine Todd Whitman Krist Novoselic Donald Trump
Charlotte Méritant nous raconte l'histoire d'une publicité mensongère. Un zoo chinois avait ouvert en promettant à ses visiteurs de voir des animaux sauvages très rares. La réalité était tout autre... Il y avait des poules, des oies, et des pingouins gonflables en plastiques. La gérante a avoué s'être fait elle-même arnaquer par un certain "mister Yang". Le zoo est fermé administrativement depuis 2017. Tous les jours, retrouvez en podcast les meilleurs moments de l'émission "Ça peut vous arriver", sur RTL.fr et sur toutes vos plateformes préférées.
Visit thedigitalslicepodcast.com for complete show notes of every podcast episode. In this episode of The Digital Slice Podcast, Brad Friedman and Matt Banker, Founder and Lead Strategist at Benchmark Growth Marketing, dive deep into the concept of translating thoughts into words that generate revenue for accounting firms. Matt is the founder and lead strategist at Benchmark Growth Marketing, a marketing agency specifically for B2B accounting firms. Matt started designing and building websites at a small agency, and he grew frustrated that there wasn't a better way to create content for a website. It didn't make sense to ask the client to decide what the site should say. After all, they weren't marketing experts. Super smart people often have the most trouble translating their thoughts into words that the rest of us can understand. This tendency carries through to business owners and how they try to market their companies. Matt brings a ‘words first' approach to marketing because his superpower is the ability to help business owners communicate more clearly. He works with executive teams and marketing teams to build alignment and buy-in so everyone is rowing in the same direction. These days Matt focuses his efforts on serving a narrow niche: accounting firms. With a background in fine arts, he is the Yin to a number-cruncher's Yang. He helps them build marketing engines that work to grow their firms.
本期我们的目的地是芝加哥，作为被中西部众多小城拱卫出来的大城市，它是如何被发现的？殖民者与原住民发生了什么？处于滩涂地带，用什么办法把城市抬起来以建造城市？如何让芝加哥河倒流，才能让生活用水和排污互不影响？一场大火又如何成为芝加哥的新起点？未完成的芝加哥规划是什么风格？那么，就让我们在“壮游者”Tianye的带领下开始吧。下期预告：芝加哥黄金时期建筑寻宝之旅|故事节点|05:50 “芝伯利亚”在哪里？08:44 “飞过去”的中西部 15:08 干草市场事件和国际劳动节25:00 中西部是美国的诞生地？32:18 美国播音腔就是中西部口音35:04 芝加哥为啥叫“风城”？39:21 来了，芝加哥vs纽约42:15 熊蒜和第一市民59:33 Fort Dearborn保卫 or 屠杀60:35 把芝加哥抬起来！74:56 让芝加哥河倒流！80:03 不破不立的芝加哥大火86:55 一本小说引起的食品安全问题90:47 1893 年世博会101:23 芝加哥规划：草原上的巴黎未完待续：芝加哥黄金时代建筑寻宝之旅|壮游者|Tianye:前留学生，现伊利诺伊州注册建筑师，业余时间在芝加哥建筑中心担任建筑步行游讲解员。小红书：溜达 pi|主播|Yang:去过芝加哥但又没去过（季节啊季节）芝加哥的一名男子。现在是“平地抠饼”时间：壮游者是一档独立播客，很需要你的支持。1、商务合作请邮件至zhuangyouzhe@126.com,或者添加微信“zhuangyouzhe2018”2、请通过ZFB账号zhuangyouzhe@126.com对“壮游者”进行赞助；也可通过微信公众号“壮游者”文章(本期相关细节图片也在文章里呈现)下方的“喜欢作者”以及喜马拉雅、小宇宙节目下方“赞赏”对单期节目进行赞助。3、请转发、评论和点赞节目，并在你使用的收听平台为“壮游者”专辑打五星好评。加听友群可微信添加"zhuangyouzhe2018"，与主播和听友直接交流。谢谢你，让我们有机会一起前行。
Jan og Einar er tilbake fra ferie, og i kjent stil har det blitt surr med dato for innspillingen - selv om avtalt tidspunkt var nøyaktig samme tidspunkt det har vært de siste fem årene. Da Jan endelig får surret seg i studio kan han endelig lette på sløret om hvordan det var å oppleve mistro rundt forholdet til Harlem siden sistnevnte ikke ble med til Mexico, samt refleksjoner rundt sjalusi på dansegulvet. Einar har på sin side vært på ferie i Stokke, fått massasje av Yang (ikke Ying) og lekt seg med ChatGPT, som denne uken har assistert både med År 208 og Jan-dikt. Produsert av Martin Oftedal, PLAN-B Hosted on Acast. See acast.com/privacy for more information.
Oo. Yang ganyang ugali mo. Yung likas na malandi… yung likas na charming. Yung walang ka-effort-effort pero ang lakas ng dating. Alam mo bang ang dami mong mapapaasa at masasaktan nang hindi mo alam? #DearMORUmayosKa - The Nessa Story Podcast Socials Link Follow us: Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/c/MOREntertainment Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/MORentPH Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/morentertainmentph
Pernah ga sih lu terjebak di pikiran negatif? Kesel sendiri, karena ga pengen pemikiran negatif ini ada juga. Pikiran negatif punya efek yang real buat kesehatan kita. Efeknya ga bagus. Gimana dong cara mematahkan pemikiran negatif ini? Yang pertama pasti kita harus identifikasi dulu. Udah gitu latih otak kita. Tips yang akan dibagikan adalah dari buku Daniel G. Amen, MD dari bukunya “Change Your Mind, Change Your Body.” Oh iya, episode podcast ini spesial karena ada gift away celana lari dari @avanoska.ltd. Tiga orang yang membuat rangkuman podcast episode ini paling menarik di IG story dengan tag @willyyonas @setuhnya dan @avanoska.ltd akan mendapatkan gift away ini. Enjoy listening! Support podcast ini di sini. Konsultasi di Utuh Health di sini. #negativethoughts #podcast #healthpodcast #mentalhealth #kesehatanmental
Drs. Lillian Siu and Melvin Chua discuss scientific innovations, disruptive technologies, and novel ways to practice oncology that were featured at the 2023 ASCO Breakthrough meeting in Yokohama, Japan, including CRISPR and gene editing, CAR T-cell and adoptive cell therapies, as well as emerging AI applications that are poised to revolutionize cancer care. TRANSCRIPT Dr. Melvin Chua: Hello, I'm Dr. Melvin Chua, your guest host of the ASCO Daily News Podcast today. I'm a radiation oncologist and I currently practice in the Division of Radiation Oncology at the National Cancer Center in Singapore. I also served as the chair-elect of the ASCO Breakthrough Program Committee, and, on today's episode, we'll be discussing key takeaways from this year's Breakthrough meeting. The global meeting in Yokohama, Japan, brought together world-renowned experts, clinicians, med-tech, pioneers, and novel drug developers to discuss scientific innovations and disruptive technologies that are transforming cancer care today. I'm joined by Dr. Lillian Siu, the chair of the Breakthrough Program Committee. Dr. Siu is a senior medical oncologist at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and a professor of medicine at the University of Toronto. You'll find our full disclosures in the transcript of this episode, and disclosures of all guests on the podcast are available at asco.org/DNpod. Lillian, it's great to be speaking with you today. Dr. Lillian Siu: Thanks, Dr. Chua. I'm happy to be here. Dr. Melvin Chua: We were just at ASCO Breakthrough, and it showcased some incredible scientific innovations, and really showed us how technology innovations in precision oncology, biotech, and artificial intelligence are transforming cancer care. What are your thoughts? Dr. Lillian Siu: Yeah, it was a really exciting meeting, Melvin. The theme of this year's Breakthrough meeting was “Shining a Light on Advances in Cancer Care.” And our Opening Session featured an illuminating keynote address by the renowned thought leader and tech trailblazer, Dr. Hiroshi or “Mickey” Mikitani, the founder and CEO of Rakuten and Rakuten Medical. In his address that was titled, “Innovative Technology and Oncology,” he spoke so passionately about innovation and really seeing around the corner to predict what is coming and taking risks. And I think that's what medicine is about, not just what we have in front of us, but to predict and forecast what's coming. I totally was inspired by his address, and I think a lot of the audience felt the same way. He also spoke to us a bit about his company's development in photoimmunotherapy using novel technology and light therapy in head and neck cancer. And I think that's also an area of new technology that we should watch in the next few years. Dr. Melvin Chua: I totally agree with you, Lillian. And one of the quotes that he spoke about really spoke to my heart. He spoke about the 2 choices: whether to do or not to do and not to do is not an option. So, I think that was a very compelling message to a lot of our audience at the meeting. So, on this same note, innovation is a driving force in oncology, and we saw countless examples of this throughout the Breakthrough meeting. Were there any sessions that really stood out for you? Dr. Lillian Siu: There were so many exciting sessions. First of all, there is the “Drugging the Undruggable” session. This is a really important session because in the past we felt that certain cancer targets such as KRAS, MYC, etc., are not druggable. KRAS G12C is the poster child in this area. So, during this session we heard about many ways that we are now looking to target these so-called undruggable molecules in the cancer cell. And we talked about molecular glues, we talked about degraders, and really novel ways that are not yet reaching the clinic, called “cyclic peptides” were discussed by one of the speakers. The other session that is very interesting also is CRISPR and gene editing. Obviously, we all know a little bit about gene editing, really trying to change or knock in some genes that are important perhaps to change the function. And one of the sessions talked about trail targeted induced mesenchymal stem cells, and perhaps this is a way to, again, deliver novel therapies and novel treatments to our patients. There were many examples of how CRISPR and gene editing can be ultimately going to the clinic to benefit our patients in terms of therapeutics. I want to highlight another session, which is the CAR T-cell and Adoptive Cell Therapies. I think everybody knows about CAR T-cells, but in this session we talk about non CAR T-cells or newer things such as off the shelf NK cells, Natural Killer cells from cord blood. So, this way it is allogeneics, in other words, we don't have to rely on only a patient's donation of their samples, but actually get it from off the shelf from other donors. There are other ways to really use human induced pluripotent stem cells that we can armor them by transgenes and also CRISPR out any unwanted genes, for example, to enhance an effective function of T-cells. So many, many exciting ways to bring these cell therapies to the patients. And last but not least, I want to highlight Dr. Chris Abbosh, who is one of our keynote speakers, talking about molecular and minimal residual disease and early cancer detection using circulating tumor DNA or liquid biopsy. He talked passionately about the TRACERx study, which he is instrumental in terms of leading together with Charlie Swanson in the UK. This is a study that really has uncovered a lot of science about cancer heterogeneity. And in that study, he also studied circulating tumor DNA and really shed a lot of light about clonal and subclonal dynamics over time that changes. Dr. Melvin Chua: And just to touch on that point about innovation and how that translates to cancer care, I think it was great that we had those case-based applications in lung cancer, in breast cancer, and the virus-associated cancers. And I like how the speakers were able to bring in the Ying and the Yang, bring the West and the Eastern perspectives in these interactive sessions. I particularly enjoyed all of them. But the session on the lung case discussion where we know that there were this EGFR mutant lung cancers that are prevalent in this part of the world in Asia. I thought the interaction between the speakers was fantastic. On the same note about therapies and we heard about novel therapeutics at this meeting as well. I wonder what your thoughts are about some of the sessions, and do you think some of these technologies were able to be brought into practice? And your thoughts on the novel therapeutic session that happened at Breakthrough, do you think this will actually impact clinical care? Dr. Lillian Siu: Oh, for sure, Melvin. The 5 areas that were covered during the Novel Therapeutics session are really drugs already in the clinic. And for example, the first one was about antibody drug conjugates. We know there are now at least 12 antibody drug conjugates already approved by the FDA and many more likely to be approved in the near future. And the session really talked about what's next, how to improve upon ADC, for example, using better drug antibody ratio, talking about new payloads and really new formats that make perhaps ADCs even more potent in the future. There was a session on oral immunotherapeutics. It was really how to target the innate immunity. And I think novel oral immunotherapeutics is very important because we all know PD-1, PD-L1 inhibitors have been the backbone, but we need another Breakthrough. And having oral immunotherapeutics will make it very attractive for patients because they don't have to come to the cancer center to receive the drugs. Another part of that session was about T-cell engagers and bispecifics, really how to bring molecules to the T-cell, to the effective cells so that they are able to be phytotoxic to the tumor. We talked about also oncolytic viruses, how are the new ways to utilize this kind of natural agent to target the cancer cells. And lastly, we also talked about personalized cancer vaccine, which is obviously very timely. We all know a lot about vaccine now after the COVID pandemic and how do we use cancer vaccines to be a good therapeutic drug? I think especially important in the earlier disease stages as adjuvant therapy. Some exciting data, for example, in pancreatic cancer, as adjuvant really is groundbreaking for this whole topic of cancer vaccination. Dr. Melvin Chua: That's great. And for me as a radiation oncologist who's not so deep in drug development, hearing all the talks at ASCO Breakthrough was really informative for me and I learned a lot. In particular, you spoke about the whole session there was oncolytic therapy and the results in glioblastoma multiforme, we know it's a deadly disease, was certainly very impressive. And so, it speaks to the whole notion that in fact, some of this stuff is in fact reaching the clinic and making a difference in deadly diseases. I think there's a lot to take in from there. Dr. Lillian Siu: Melvin, you're so humble. I know you're a big expert in artificial intelligence and I think the whole session about AI applications in precision medicine really was not just in that session, but a whole theme that went throughout the entire meeting. So, I'm very interested to know what you think about some of the presentations around AI and disruptive technologies in precision medicine, such as next-generation multiomics, etc. What are your thoughts? Dr. Melvin Chua: Absolutely, I agree with you. And there was so much material within the AI session, the multiomic session, as well as the keynote [address] by Dr. Maryellen Giger, which basically speaks about some of the pre-existing or historical work on artificial intelligence in radiology. And I'd like to first talk about the keynote by Dr. Maryellen Giger. It was very nice that she elegantly showed how AI was in fact already in practice in radiology, where it helped to fulfill or address a need for radiologists. Almost 20 years ago, they were able to show that using computer vision, you were able to basically facilitate the calling of abnormal mammograms. And it was inspiring to see how these early thoughts have now basically accelerated a lot of the advances that we see that are in practice today. The other thing that was also was to see this global collaboration, the need for global collaboration in the artificial intelligence space and the radiologists are clearly leading the way. And I think part of the impetus for this effort came from an opportunity that arose during the COVID pandemic that clearly affected all facets of healthcare. That was a nice segue to the very sort of dense 1 hour session we had on precision oncology care with artificial intelligence. I think when we designed this session, we were very deliberate that we wanted to address all aspects of how AI could be applied. From real-world clinical data, we saw examples of how having good, well-annotated data sets could actually help to accelerate and facilitate liver cancer screening in Hong Kong. Then we also saw a very simple, practical application of AI in pathology, where apart from just having this tool to be able to extract features that could potentially predict outcomes of patients and predict drug responses, we saw a very practical example that applying AI in digital pathology could actually homogenize or harmonize the ways the pathologists review their cases. And so, I thought that was very neat and could speak to all our clinicians across both developed and developing countries. We also saw very exciting stuff on the use of AI in terms of calling out mutations because we know that next-generation sequencing is pretty much a cornerstone of how we practice in oncology today. And yet we know that there are prohibitive costs that preclude this technology in certain parts of the world. And it was nice to see how AI could actually lower the cost of some of these sequencing technologies like being used in liquid biopsy. And then finally, there was some fancy science as well that was showcased in the spectrum when we saw how industry as well as academics are thinking about integrating multiomic data sets to then be able to accelerate drug discovery, help define patients better, and so that we can think about how to look at precision oncology using targeted treatments for specific patient phenotypes. So I think this was a very nice transition to the Next-Generation Multiomic Technology session, where, again, some of these topics were touched on, ranging from liquid biopsies, and this was already covered in Dr. Abbosh's talk, which you spoke about, and as well as the preceding day session where we heard snippets of it. And it was again reinforced by the speakers when it showcased liquid biopsies. We have heard so much about it in the last decade and we see it made approved now for use in the clinic, but yet so much remains unknown, like the discrepancies between assays, addressing the cost of assays and, importantly, how we deal with the information. So, I think we are just at the tip of the iceberg here. A lot of the clinical evidence needs to be generated in due course to address some of these questions. At the same time, it was also nice to see some of the new technologies being applied in discovery science. So, we know that immunotherapy is a major player in oncology today, and the Breakthrough represents a forum whereby we're able to bring translational scientists to showcase their work. And we saw examples of that at this meeting where single cell technology, digital spatial technology, being able to apply that in pathology specimens and how the two are integrated to be able to review more novel science to us, to show us how immunotherapy works or doesn't work in some patients. Both of us have touched on so much content that was showcased at the Breakthrough, and I think this speaks to the impact, the learning experience we've had from Breakthrough and I think that's the intended purpose of this meeting. Dr. Lillian Siu: Yeah, I agree. It truly was a very exciting 3 days. And I particularly like the multiomics session where we see that the technology is so advanced just in a really short period of time. Over the last few years, we've been now able to go into single cell resolution where in the past I don't think we would ever dream of being able to do that. In fact, I recall in the single cell session, we can even see messenger RNA on the slide, which I thought was fascinating, something that I cannot imagine we can see by the naked eye. It really is an exciting time in oncology, Melvin, and the field is advancing with these new innovations and therapies, but at the same time, I think it's important that we do live globally and we need to work really also to help improve access to quality-assured cancer medicines and diagnostics in the low and middle income countries. What do you think about that part? Did we do a good job in addressing that in the meeting? Dr. Melvin Chua: Absolutely, Lillian. We had a special session that was chaired by Dr. Peter Yu and the lecture was delivered by Dr. Gilberto Lopes from the University of Miami. And we know that he's a strong advocate for this. And the session title spoke to this topic very pointedly, “How Science, Technology, and Practice Can Be Enabled in Lower- and Middle-Resource Settings.” And I thought that the work that he highlighted, the whole ATOM coalition, was important. ATOM basically stands for Access to Oncology Medicines, and it was established last year by the UICC, the Union for International Cancer Control, along with global partners to improve access to anti-cancer drugs and to develop processes for ensuring quality delivery, as well as the optimal utilization of medicines in middle- and low-resource settings. And I think there's a lot more work to be done. Some of the information they showed was very compelling to me from this part of the world. But we know that Asia isn't very heterogeneous in terms of the resources, in terms of the culture. And I thought that the drug pricing, for example, how that should be addressed across the different countries is an important topic to pick up. And I hope his lecture only invigorates this conversation going forward. Dr. Lillian Siu: Yeah. Thanks, Melvin. I totally agree. That was very inspiring. Breakthrough is such a one of a kind, international gathering that we are not only able to network while we're there; we also have a session to really allow attendees to leverage international cancer networks, to learn a bit about them, all the way from, for example, some of the North American groups to Asia Pacific groups to even global groups, and how we interact between pharma and academia, really transcending boundaries. And I think it is really, really important for us to now have these networks address issues such as equity and cancer care innovation, novel approaches and so much more. And I think, I am sure you're going to do a good job in making sure that gets into the agenda in our next year's meeting in 2024. Ultimately, we hope that these collaborations in cancer research will help to improve the outcomes for our patients with cancer. Dr. Melvin Chua: Thank you again for sharing the great highlights of ASCO Breakthrough, and I'm really appreciative of your work, and your commitment to build a really robust program for this year. So, thank you. Dr. Lillian Siu: And thank you, Dr. Chua. And you can bet that I will not miss Breakthrough 2024 in Yokohama in August next year. I will be there. Dr. Melvin Chua: Okay, I'll hold you to that. And thank you to our listeners for your time today. You'll find links to all of the sessions discussed today in the transcript of this episode. And finally, if you value the insights that you hear on the podcast, please take a moment to rate, review and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. Thank you again. Disclaimer: The purpose of this podcast is to educate and to inform. This is not a substitute for professional medical care and is not intended for use in the diagnosis or treatment of individual conditions. Guests on this podcast express their own opinions, experience and conclusions. Guest statements on the podcast do not express the opinions of ASCO. The mention of any product, service, organization, activity, or therapy should not be construed as an ASCO endorsement. Find out more about today's speakers: Dr. Lilian Siu @lillian_siu Dr. Melvin Chua @DrMLChua Follow ASCO on social media: @ASCO on Twitter ASCO on Facebook ASCO on LinkedIn Disclosures: Dr. Lillian Siu: Leadership (Immediate family member): Treadwell Therapeutics Stock and Other Ownership Interests (Immediate family member): Agios Consulting or Advisory Role: Merck, AstraZeneca/MedImmune, Roche, Voronoi Inc., Oncorus, GSK, Seattle Genetics, Arvinas, Navire, Janpix, Relay Therapeutics, Daiichi Sankyo/UCB Japan, Janssen, Research Funding (Institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb, Genentech/Roche, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bayer, Amgen, Astellas Pharma, Shattuck Labs, Symphogen, Avid, Mirati Therapeutics, Karyopharm Therapeutics, Amgen Dr. Melvin Chua: Leadership, Stock and Other Ownership Interests: Digital Life Line Honoraria: Janssen Oncology, Varian Consulting or Advisory Role: Janssen Oncology, Merck Sharp & Dohme, ImmunoSCAPE, Telix Pharmaceuticals, IQVIA, BeiGene Speakers' Bureau: AstraZeneca, Bayer, Pfizer, Janssen Research Funding: PVmed, Decipher Biosciences, EVYD Technology, MVision, BeiGene, EVYD Technology, MVision, BeiGene Patents, Royalties, Other Intellectual Property: High Sensitivity Lateral Flow Immunoassay for Detection of Analyte in Samples (10202107837T), Singapore. (Danny Jian Hang Tng, Chua Lee Kiang Melvin, Zhang Yong, Jenny Low, Ooi Eng Eong, Soo Khee Chee)
Fresh off the killing of Anahobe and the destruction of the Mononobe, Soga no Umako is riding high as a new sovereign, Prince Hasebe, takes the throne. Surely things will have finally settled down, won't they have done? For more, check out our podcast page at: https://sengokudaimyo.com/podcast/episode-92 Rough Transcription: Welcome to Sengoku Daimyo's Chronicles of Japan. My name is Joshua and this is Episode 92: Death or Taxes, aka Don't Piss Off Umako. Before we get going, a quick recap: we are still in the late 6th century, and since the death of Nunakura Futodamashiki, aka Bidatsu Tennou, things have been a bit crazy. The number of apparently legitimate heirs was rather impressive. There were the various siblings of Nunakura, both full and half-siblings, and there were his children and his siblings' children. On top of that, there were some truly tense politics amongst some of the most powerful families in the realm, particularly the ancient Mononobe and the more recent Soga family, who had tied themselves so closely with the royal family through marriage that at this point just about every possible heir to the throne was in some way a Soga descendant. The stories of this era have been filled with stories of death, war, and struggles for the throne. Finally, there is the tension between Buddhism, which was first introduced in the early 6th century, and the established worship of the various kami, which also speaks to the tensions between various sources of spiritual political authority. As we discussed int the last two episodes, when Nunakura passed away, Prince Anahobe tried to take the throne, and he was initially thwarted by Miwa no Kimi no Sakahe, aka Sakahe no Kimi. Anahobe, possibly with the assistance of his brother, Prince Hasebe, as well as Mononobe no Ohomuraji no Moriya, killed Sakahe no Kimi, pissing off Nunakura's former Queen, Kashikiya Hime. Next, Nakatomi no Muraji no Katsumi, in support of Mononobe no Moriya, attempted to curse several of the candidates with stronger claims on the throne, and when that didn't work, he just out and out killed Crown Prince Hikobito, getting offed himself in the process. Throughout all of this, another prince, Tachibana no Toyohi, apparently ascended, briefly, but seems to have died of natural causes. In the process, however, he provided legitimacy for his own children as Royal Princes and Princesses to also contest for the throne. Moriya's support of Anahobe led to the death of Prince Anahobe, Prince Yakabe, and Moriya and his family—and many of his supporters, as well. And yet, despite the loss of the Mononobe and Prince Anahobe, the next heir to the throne, with the approval of Queen Kashikiya Hime, was none other than Prince Hatsusebe, aka Hasebe, a full brother to the rebel Prince Anahobe and the focus of this episode. If this all seems a bit confusing regarding the individuals and different factions, then congratulations, you've been paying attention. The narrative certainly seems to be missing some key information, likely lost in the attempt to either whitewash some of the more contentious historical records, or simply due to the Chroniclers' attempts to create a more straightforward narrative out of a complex era which probably saw various courts competing to be recognized as the court that was actually making the decisions—something that doesn't exactly fit in with the attempt to tell the story of a relatively unbroken royal line. And yet, despite the chaos, we do see a solidification of power and control in general, as evidenced by the shift in late 6th century tomb structures. As I may have mentioned in previous episodes, the Yamato area continued to build monumental round keyhole shaped tombs, but that shape of tomb simultaneously declined in nearby regions, which saw more round or square shaped—or even square keyhole shaped—tombs instead. On the other hand, at the periphery, at the farthest reaches of the archipelago, we continue to see round keyhole shaped tombs in the Yamato style. This is all likely due to a consolidation of Yamato's power and authority. Previously we had seen that start with the proliferation of the Yamato style tomb, but even from early times those round keyhole tombs were interspersed with other, typically smaller tombs. The general assumption, based on the size, grave goods, and other archaeological features, is that the round keyhole tomb, at least in a Yamato context, was reserved for the Yamato royal family and only those of the most elite status. In the Yamato and Kawachi regions, this seems to have held true, but further afield, local magnates adopted the round keyhole tombs for themselves, perhaps even appropriating some of the prestige of that tomb shape for themselves. Similarly, it is very likely that Yamato did not have the power to stop local rulers from building whatever the heck they wanted, despite the impression given by the Chroniclers that all was hunky-dory as soon as Mimaki Iribiko and Ikume Iribiko sent out people to subdue the four corners of the archipelago. Whether because of an increased military might, or because of a cultural change in accepting Yamato's leadership, more and more lands seem to have been more directly under Yamato's sway, following their customs and accepting their position in the Yamato hierarchy. To put it another way: in many parts of the archipelago, particularly those closer to Yamato, we do not see continued claims of “kingship” by the local elite. They have accepted a lower status in the evolving hierarchy, presumably gaining some security and access to resources of the entire Yamato polity in the process, though that isn't entirely clear to me based purely on the archaeological evidence. But according to our tomb theory, those on the periphery, where Yamato's control remained the weakest, continued to build their own round keyhole tombs, indicating they still considered themselves somewhat independent, even as they remained influenced by Yamato's overall cultural affectations. Into this world, Prince Hasebe ascended the throne. Prince Hasebe was another half-brother to Nunakura Futodamashiki. Like his full brother, Prince Anahobe Hasetsukabe, he was a Soga descendant through the maternal line. We are told that his ascension was endorsed by Kashikiya Hime, his half-sister, and another Soga-descended royal. He assumed the throne almost immediately following the turmoil that resulted in Anahobe's death and the destruction of Mononobe no Moriya. This was in 587, and for the next five years, the reign appeared to be similar to any other, but I suspect that things hadn't quite settled, yet. How could they? It seems clear that it was way too easy for political violence to break out, and despite the Chronicles' insistence that everything was fine, many of the systemic issues that led to the violence in the first place were still there. To start with, you still had all of those potential heirs to the throne, and no clear succession tradition or precedence. On top of that, each household, while created to serve the Court, had grown into its own political entity, vying for their own level of power and control. No doubt some of this was exacerbated as Yamato's influence grew, bringing more people directly under Yamato's authority. I also can't help but notice that there appears to be a lack of any kind of clear justice system. In fact, laws in general at this time appear to be based on precedent and tradition, likely oral tradition: although we have writing, we don't have a written system of laws just yet. We have artifacts with writing on them. We also have records of books coming over from the continent, which presumably people were able to read. However, what was writing being used for? It appears to have been used for communication—for example, diplomatic missions, or to send instructions and receive information back from the various lands under Yamato's rule. David Lurie notes that this was a kind of practical writing, and it wasn't the same as the kind of extensive journaling that we would see later. It makes sense that much of the laws and traditions at this time were probably based on memorized precedent. Groups like the Kataribe were organized around an oral tradition, and even the Kojiki was based on a tradition of oral recitation that was still in place by the late 7th century. I suspect that different families maintained their own memories of precedence and tradition, collectively advising on what should be done in any given situation. This isn't exactly the kind of legal system with firm and fast rules, with everyone equal under the law, and some sort of immutable code. That wasn't solely because it wasn't written down, mind you—there are plenty of cultures with oral traditions that maintain very clear sets of laws. However, in this case it was not written down and given what we see and what we know about later court, legal precedent was kept in the memories of various individuals in different families, all of whom were competing for their place in the hierarchical structure that had been created. Therefore, as long as you could get enough people on your side, then you determined what was just and what was not. And of course it was the winners who wrote—or at least remembered—the history. Strong leadership may have been able to keep things stable, but during any change things could get messy, as we've seen time and again. And had Anahobe and the Mononobe been triumphant we'd likely be reading a very different telling of events. Hasebe's ascension didn't really change any of that, other than the person at the head of the system. Still, things seemed to hold together alright, and with the recent purges, hopefully things would settle out after a while. The reign started with the standard ceremonies. Soga no Umako was confirmed as Oho-omi, and though other “Ministers and Daibu”, or high officials, were confirmed, nobody else is named. Hasebe's palace was set up at Kurahashi, presumably in the hills south of modern Sakurai. His wife was Koteko, daughter of Ohotomo no Nukade. In his first year, Baekje sent envoys that included Buddhist priests and relics, along with various Buddhist artisans. We'll probably touch on them more at a later date, but for now I'll note that with their coming, Soga no Umako consulted with them on several matters regarding Buddhism, and then he went ahead and pulled down the house of a man named Konoha and started work on another temple. This one was known as Hokoji, though it is more popularly known to us by its common name: Asukadera. Asukadera is perhaps the oldest purpose-built Buddhist temple commissioned by the state, and I think we can do an entire episode just on that temple alone. The Chronicles make out that it was built to commemorate the supernatural support granted to Umako in his battle against Mononobe no Moriya, though it is impossible to know for certain how much of that is true. What we can say is that this time there were no dissenting voices from the Mononobe nor the Nakatomi, and Asukadera would become one of the major temples of the Asuka period. Later, when the capital was built up at Heijo-kyo, in modern Nara, the temple was moved to the new capital, and the complex in Asuka dwindled in importance. Today you can still visit a temple at the site of Asukadera, but it is a shell of its former self, having been rebuilt on a much smaller footprint than before. You can, however, go and see the original Buddha statue—or at least the reconstructed form of it, as the original icon was severely damaged in a fire at one point. But building up a proper temple and pagoda in the continental fashion would all take time—for now it appears that they were just breaking ground on a new construction, rather than just repurposing a part of an existing house into the temple, as they had seemingly done in the past. This was going to take some time. At the same time, it wasn't just buildings that were needed, and we are told that several Buddhists returned to Baekje along with the envoys. We are told that they were going to Baekje to gain further instruction in Buddhist teachings. This was the nun Zenshin, daughter of Shiba Tattou, and her companions, who had been ordained at the order of Soga no Umako to help staff his first attempt at building a worship site at his house. The following year, in 589, we are told that there were three “inspections” that were sent out along the various circuits, or roadways, of eastern Honshu. These circuits were regions of Japan, and come from a continental tradition that would be formalized in the law codes of the early 7th century. Generally speaking there are usually 7 circuits—8 once Hokkaidou comes into the picture—and then the capital region, often known as the home territories around Yamato and the Nara basin. Kyushu and Shikoku were each covered by their own circuits: The Saikaidou, or Western Sea Circuit, covered all of Kyushu, and eventually the Ryukyu islands as well, while the Nankaidou, or Southern Sea circuit covered from the south of the Kii peninsula and the island of Shikoku. Western Honshu was covered by another two circuits—there was the San'indou, the Mountain Yin Circuit, and the San'yodou, the Mountain Yang Circuit. Yin being related to the dark and the north, the San'indou covered the areas to the north of the Western mountain range along the Japan Sea coast, from the land of Tanba west to Iwami, including the lands of Inaba and Izumo. In contrast, Yang was related to the south, and so the San'yodou covered the regions from Harima, next to the land of Settsu, part of modern Ohosaka, and stretched along the southern side of the mountains to the Seto Inland sea to the western land of Nagato, part of modern Yamaguchi Prefecture, and included the ancient land of Kibi. Finally, there were the three circuits of Eastern Honshu, which were the subject of the Chronicles entry in 589. First off was the Tousando, or the Eastern Mountain Circuit. Whereas western Honshu can be largely divided by the mountains into a northern and southern region, eastern Honshu was a little different, as the Japanese alps created difficulties that meant that the Tousandou covered the inland regions, starting at Afumi, around lake Biwa, out to Kenu—modern Gunma and Tochigi prefectures, north of Tokyo. It would eventually include the distant regions of Dewa and Mutsu, which covered much of the Tohoku region up to Hokkaido, although those were still largely outside of the area of Yamato influence, and home to those that the Yamato court called Emishi. The man sent to inspect this region was named Afumi no Omi no Kamafu—fitting given that Afumi was at the western end of the circuit. Next they sent Shishibito no Omi no Kari to inspect the Toukaidou, or Eastern Sea circuit. This circuit proceeded from Iga, Ise, and Owari, eastward along the Pacific coast to Hitachi, in modern Ibaraki prefecture. It includes much of modern Tokyo, and is likely one of the more well known, if only for things like the JR Tokaido line. This route became well traveled in the Edo period both for the daimyo processions of the sankin-kotai as well as the pilgrimages from Edo to Ise, and onward to points even further west. Finally, we have a member of the Abe no Omi heading out to inspect the Hokurikudou, the Northern Land Circuit. This was largely the area known in the Chronicles as Koshi, along the Japan Sea Coast. The Abe family may have had some influence in that region, though it is said that they originally came from the land of Iga, just east of Yamato. However, we aren't given a specific individual's name—Abe no Omi is just the family name and their kabane rank, and could indicate any member of the Abe family. This may have to do with the actions of Abe no Hirafu in the late 7th century, but at this point in the story it is unclear. We are provided the given names of the other inspectors, however—Kamafu and Kari—so it stands out that we have nothing for the inspector of the Hokurikudou other than their family name. Other than the mention of the circuits, and the inspections that the court was conducting, this seems to be a fairly mundane entry—though it does link to some later events. Still, it provides a little more evidence for the expansion of Yamato's direct control. The idea that there were court inspectors checking up on these territorial circuits suggests that they were a somewhat active part of the bureaucracy of the court. Previously the court had set up the Miyake, or royal granaries, which were extensions of royal authority in various areas. Now we see an additional layer of government that would have been going through the areas and making sure that things were being administered as Yamato believed. It also suggests that there were those in these circuits who were beholden to Yamato in that they were required to produce some kind of evidence for what they were up to. The year after, in 590, the big news was apparently the return to Japan of Zenshin and others, and we are told that they took up residence at a temple in Sakurai – very possibly a reference to Hokoji or Asukadera, the newly-founded temple we just discussed. Asuka is outside of the modern bounds of Sakurai city, but at this time the name Sakurai may have referred to a slightly larger and more nebulous area. On the other hand, they could have settled at another temple in the area that just wasn't part of the state funded program. In that same vein, later in 590 we are told that people went up into the hills to get timber for building Buddhist temples, and many more people, most of them with connections to the mainland, and especially the Korean peninsula, were ordained. Buddhism was starting to grow more popular and it was being better patronized by the elites, and soon we will start to see more and more temples popping up. In 591, we see the final burial of Nunakura Futodamashiki, aka Bidatsu Tennou. This was now many years since his death, but that isn't entirely surprising given the fighting and general turmoil that followed his death. Building a tomb mound was not exactly a simple feat, and if one wasn't already prepared by the time he passed away, then it would have taken a while to prepare it—and even more time if much of your labor force was being split and repurposed in the fights for the throne. As you may recall, Nunakura died of a disease, so it is unlikely that there had been a lot of preparation for his death, so we can assume that his body, after resting in the palace of temporary interment for a while, was eventually given a temporary burial and then they likely were reburying the bones several years later. This isn't exactly unheard of, but it does seem that this was an exceptionally long period between death and final burial. The location of his tomb is said to be on the western side of the mountains, outside of the Nara Basin, in the area of modern Taishi, in the south of Ohosaka. This seems to have been a new region for royal burials, from what I can tell, but there would be several important Asuka era burials located in this region. Later in that same year, Hasebe and the court indulged themselves in something that was becoming almost a tradition: Wondering aloud if they should go marching over to the peninsula and re-establish Nimna. There's apparently no thought the fact that Nimna had not been a going concern for quite some time now, and this may have just been the popular casus belli of the Yamato court. Of course, all of the ministers were for it, agreeing that it would be just the best if they could go over there and get Nimna started again. And so they set in motion the necessary work of gathering an army. This wasn't a simple task and would take quite some time to get the word out, gather men together, and then have them all meet down in Tsukushi at the court's outpost down there. Not only that, but there would need to be boats made, and armor and weapons would have to be ready. This was quite the undertaking. We are told that they eventually gathered over 20,000 men, though that could easily be an exaggeration. They named five generals, or Taishogun. This is different from the “Shogun” of later years—the Sei-I Taishogun, or General for Subduing Barbarians. This is just the title of general, Taishogun, and there were apparently five people who were running things—possibly referring to five different forces that were going to go over, or it may have been a political thing to ensure that people of rank were given opportunities. It is interesting to see the names, as we have heard some of the family names, at least, before. The five generals were: Ki no Womaro no Sukune, Kose no Omi no Hirafu, Kashiwade no Omi no Katafu, Ohotomo no Kuhi no Muraji, and Katsuraki no Wonara no Omi. Then various other Omi and Muraji level individuals were placed in charge below them. They were all stationed in Tsukushi and two men, Kishi no Kana and Kishi no Itahiko were sent to Silla and Nimna respectively, presumably to try to work something out before things got ugly. That was all listed in the 11th month of 591, and preparations were still ongoing by the time of the next entry, in the 10th month of 592. So remember how I mentioned at the top of the episode about how many of the systemic issues that had led to so much war and bloodshed were still a thing? Yeah—despite the seemingly rosy and downright mundane picture of the last five years, things were apparently not quite as stable as they may have appeared. And I say that because of what happened in the 10th month of 592. We are told that this was the winter, possibly around late November or December according to our modern calendar—trying to map ancient lunar calendar dates to modern solar dates are a whole thing, trust me. Anyway, it was during this season that someone brought in a wild boar and presented it to the sovereign. And there was nothing too sus going on there—it wasn't a white boar or some kind of unusually large animal. No, what was remarkable wasn't the presentation at all, but what it kicked off, because apparently Hasebe looked at the boar and made an off-hand comment, which Aston translates as: “When shall those to whom We have an aversion be cut off as this wild boar's throat has been cut.” Just in case you didn't get the allusion, he was basically wondering when those people whom he didn't like would be killed—though possibly he meant cut off in another sense, I think it is pretty clear that he wanted some people taken care of, if you know what I mean. I would liken it to a phrase attributed to King Henry II of England, who is said to have wondered aloud, “Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest”, which led to several men heading out and eventually killing Thomas Becket, the then Archbishop of Canterbury. While Henry may not have actually ordered the killing of Thomas Becket, with whom he'd been in something of a power struggle, his words certainly ended up being the catalyst that led to the archbishop's eventual demise. Similarly here, that certainly seems to have been the intent, or at least that is how it was taken. Word of the sovereign's outburst made it back to none other than Soga no Umako, the Oho-omi himself, who grew more than a little bit worried. It didn't help that word was also coming that the royal household was apparently stockpiling weapons—more than usual. Soga no Umako came to believe that Hasebe was talking about him, and though there wasn't a particular reason given, it suggests that there were some things going on below the surface detailed by the Chronicles, and we can speculate on a few of them. First off, Hasebe had not been the first choice for sovereign, and he didn't really enter the picture until after the death of his brother, Prince Anahobe. Anahobe had, of course, believed that he should take the throne himself, but then he was killed. It is possible that Hasebe was appointed sovereign to appease some of Anahobe's supporters against the wishes of those such as Soga no Umako. Second, it is clear that Umako was immensely influential and powerful, and he probably had more influence than the sovereign himself. Always remember that if someone raises an army and helps put you on the throne, rather than themselves, they usually have the ability to do the same thing in reverse. Or, as so many parents are fond of saying: I brought you into this world, I can take you out! So it may be that Hasebe felt threatened by Umako's own power and felt he needed to be dealt with before Soga no Umako decided that he'd rather have someone more pliable on the throne. Of course, in another time it might have been enough to just demote him, but it is unclear if Hasebe actually had the power to do that—and if he did, would it stick. There is also another option as well—Hasebe may not have said anything at all, and it is possible that this was a story concocted to explain Umako's own reaction. This is hinted at, somewhat, in another account that basically comes in once again with the tired “blame the woman” trope. It suggests that Ohotomo no Koteko, Hasebe's consort and the mother to his two children, started the whole thing as a rumor. According to this account, she was “declining in favor”—although it is unclear just whom else she was competing against. If that record is correct, she was the one who told Umako about what Hasebe was purportedly saying, knowing that it would cause problems for her husband because she was unhappy with him. Even if that were true, we don't know whether or not Hasebe actually said what is attributed to him. Again, regardless of what Hasebe actually said, all of this suggests that things were not as solid and stable as they might otherwise appear to be, and suggests just how literally cut-throat the politics of the Yamato court could get. And so, Soga no Umako took this threat quite seriously, and he engaged the services of one Yamato no Aya no Atahe no Koma. We don't know much about Koma. The Yamato no Aya were one of several Aya families, and their name suggests that they were descended, at least in part, from ethnic Han Chinese weavers—or at least traced their lineage back to the continent with claims to the Han dynasty, just as the Hata family claimed ties back to the Qin dynasty. They had been in Japan for generations, but are still often associated with various technologies that came over from the continent. There is also a record, we are told, that says Koma's father was Yamato no Aya no Iwai—whose name is suspiciously similar to that of the Iwai in Tsukushi, or Kyushu, who had allied with Silla and tried to block trade and military support between Yamato and Baekje. It is possible, and even probable, that this was just a coincidence—after all, why would the son of a rebel who had so aggravated Yamato be in the court at all? But it was considered significant enough for the Chroniclers to mention it at the same time, and that may be because of the relationship back to that other rebel. Now, for Koma to take action, he and Umako would need to act quickly. Soga no Umako sent a message to the court ministers and claimed that he was sending someone to present the taxes of the Eastern provinces. As you may recall from earlier in this episode, a few years earlier inspectors had been sent out along the three eastern circuits. It would have taken them time to survey, compile their information, and collect any taxes owed, and bring that back to the court. Umako lied to the other ministers and said that the taxes were ready, and he was sending someone to the sovereign to present the taxes. Of course, he was really sending Yamato no Aya no Koma, and in lieu of taxes he brought death—somewhat fitting if you think about it. Koma killed the sovereign and then, somehow, made his escape. Unlike some of the other killings we aren't given too many details of the deed itself. What we are given is the aftermath. For later in that same month, Soga no Umako had Koma himself killed. And this is where I find it really weird, or perhaps the Chroniclers were just in denial. They claimed that Soga no Umako had learned that Koma had been having a clandestine relationship with Kawakami no Iratsume, herself a consort of the sovereign and Soga no Umako's own daughter. Koma had apparently taken her back to his place to live and made her his wife in secret—basically saying that they had carnal relations together as man and wife, though it is not clear whether or not they were consensual. Umako thought that his daughter was dead, but when he learned that Yamato no Aya no Koma had taken her, he had Koma killed. And that just all seems so very convenient. So Soga no Umako has enough influence over Koma to get him to assassinate the sovereign, but somehow misses that his co-conspirator in this has eloped with his daughter, and then kills him out of apparently justified rage? Uh-huh. Nothing fishy about that at all. I suspect that what happened at the time versus what was later recorded differed slightly. Assuming that most of it was accurate, I wouldn't be surprised if Umako got Koma to do the dirty deed, and then offed him, possibly so that he would not be immediately implicated. Even so, what were the laws around such events? With Hasebe gone, and nobody else in power to challenge him, Soga no Umako was one of the most powerful people around. He just didn't have the parental qualifications to take the throne himself. And that is probably what saved him from being labeled a rebel, himself. After all, you don't get much more rebellious than killing the king. But is it rebellion when it is self-defense? Here is where the lack of a strict law code likely came down on the side of Soga no Umako, because despite his involvement, nobody seems to have gone after him or taken him to task. In fact, he would remain a powerful figure in the Yamato court for years to come. There are also several figures who seem to have remained absent from all of this, but it would be interesting to know where they came down. The first was Prince Umayado, aka Shotoku Taishi. Did he sanction or even take part in this plot? Umayado was still somewhat young, so he may not have had much to say at this point. Then there was Kashikiya Hime, Nunakura's queen. Presumably, she had been the one to recommend Hasebe to the throne, but we also see her hand in the decision to punish Anahobe and the Mononobe, which we discussed over the last couple of episodes. She is often kept at arms length in the narrative, however, which may be because of what the Chroniclers already knew. With the court once more in need of an heir they searched high and low, and the assembled ministers finally settled on the candidate they thought would be the best of all of them: Kashikiya Hime herself. It makes sense: Kashikiya Hime, who is known today as Suiko Tennou, clearly knew how the court operated. She had sanctioned, if not outright directed, the deaths of Anahobe and Mononobe no Moriya. On the other hand, the patriarchal society of the day—and even that of modern day scholars—questioned her fitness for the job. Many have pointed to the strongman tactics of Soga no Umako, as well as the focus on Prince Umayado, whom she made her Crown Prince and whom, we are told, assisted in all areas of government. In fact, it often seems as though Umayado and Umako are the ones actually running things, with Kashikiya Hime as a puppet. On the other hand, perhaps there was something even more complex—a conspiracy between Umako, Umayado, and Kashikiya Hime. She may have also been something of a compromise candidate, someone that all of the different factions could get behind. We'll explore all of that and more as we get into her reign in the coming episodes, along with the role played by Prince Umayado. We'll also look more in depth at the spread of Buddhism, and the temple building that would pick up shortly after Kashikiya Hime came to power. Until then, thank you for listening and for all of your support. If you like what we are doing, tell your friends and feel free to rate us wherever you listen to podcasts. If you feel the need to do more, and want to help us keep this going, we have information about how you can donate on Patreon or through our KoFi site, ko-fi.com/sengokudaimyo, or find the links over at our main website, SengokuDaimyo.com/Podcast, where we will have some more discussion on topics from this episode. Also, feel free to Tweet at us at @SengokuPodcast, or reach out to our Sengoku Daimyo Facebook page. You can also email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. And that's all for now. Thank you again, and I'll see you next episode on Sengoku Daimyo's Chronicles of Japan.