Podcasts about Sexual selection

Mode of natural selection involving the choosing of and competition for mates

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Sexual selection

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Best podcasts about Sexual selection

Latest podcast episodes about Sexual selection

The Tim Ferriss Show
#609: In Case You Missed It: June 2022 Recap of “The Tim Ferriss Show”

The Tim Ferriss Show

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 24, 2022 46:01


Welcome to another episode of The Tim Ferriss Show, where it is my job to deconstruct world-class performers to tease out the routines, habits, et cetera that you can apply to your own life. This is a special inbetweenisode, which serves as a recap of the episodes from last month. It features a short clip from each conversation in one place so you can easily jump around to get a feel for the episode and guest.Based on your feedback, this format has been tweaked and improved since the first recap episode. For instance, @hypersundays on Twitter suggested that the bios for each guest can slow the momentum, so we moved all the bios to the end. See it as a teaser. Something to whet your appetite. If you like what you hear, you can of course find the full episodes at tim.blog/podcast. Please enjoy! ***Timestamps:Jack Kornfield: 00:03:28Bill Burr: 00:09:43Edward Thorp: 00:14:53Jason Portnoy: 00:20:22Isabel Behncke: 00:26:36Sam Harris: 00:31:36***This episode is brought to you by 5-Bullet Friday, my very own email newsletter that every Friday features five bullet points highlighting cool things I've found that week, including apps, books, documentaries, gadgets, albums, articles, TV shows, new hacks or tricks, and—of course—all sorts of weird stuff I've dug up from around the world.It's free, it's always going to be free, and you can subscribe now at tim.blog/friday.***Full episode titles:Jack Kornfield — How to Overcome Apathy and Find Beautiful Purpose (#601)Legendary Comedian Bill Burr — Fear{less} with Tim Ferriss (#602)Master Investor Ed Thorp on How to Think for Yourself, Mental Models for the Second Half of Life, How to Be Inner-Directed, How Basic Numeracy Is a Superpower, and The Dangers of Investing Fads (#604)Jason Portnoy of PayPal, Palantir, and More — Porn Addiction, The Corrosiveness of Secrets, Healing Wounds, Escaping Shame Cycles, and Books to Change Your Life (#600)Primatologist Isabel Behncke on Play, Sexual Selection, and Lessons from Following Bonobos for 3,000 Kilometers in the Jungles of Congo (#598)New Insights from Sam Harris, Dr. Peter Attia, Ramit Sethi, and Elizabeth Gilbert (#599)***For show notes and past guests, please visit tim.blog/podcast.For deals from sponsors of The Tim Ferriss Show, please visit tim.blog/podcast-sponsors.Sign up for Tim's email newsletter (“5-Bullet Friday”) at tim.blog/friday.For transcripts of episodes, go to tim.blog/transcripts.Discover Tim's books: tim.blog/books.Follow Tim:Twitter: twitter.com/tferriss Instagram: instagram.com/timferrissFacebook: facebook.com/timferriss YouTube: youtube.com/timferrissPast guests on The Tim Ferriss Show include Jerry Seinfeld, Hugh Jackman, Dr. Jane Goodall, LeBron James, Kevin Hart, Doris Kearns Goodwin, Jamie Foxx, Matthew McConaughey, Esther Perel, Elizabeth Gilbert, Terry Crews, Sia, Yuval Noah Harari, Malcolm Gladwell, Madeleine Albright, Cheryl Strayed, Jim Collins, Mary Karr, Maria Popova, Sam Harris, Michael Phelps, Bob Iger, Edward Norton, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Neil Strauss, Ken Burns, Maria Sharapova, Marc Andreessen, Neil Gaiman, Neil de Grasse Tyson, Jocko Willink, Daniel Ek, Kelly Slater, Dr. Peter Attia, Seth Godin, Howard Marks, Dr. Brené Brown, Eric Schmidt, Michael Lewis, Joe Gebbia, Michael Pollan, Dr. Jordan Peterson, Vince Vaughn, Brian Koppelman, Ramit Sethi, Dax Shepard, Tony Robbins, Jim Dethmer, Dan Harris, Ray Dalio, Naval Ravikant, Vitalik Buterin, Elizabeth Lesser, Amanda Palmer, Katie Haun, Sir Richard Branson, Chuck Palahniuk, Arianna Huffington, Reid Hoffman, Bill Burr, Whitney Cummings, Rick Rubin, Dr. Vivek Murthy, Darren Aronofsky, Balaji Srinivasan, Sarah Silverman, Dr. Andrew Huberman, Dr. Michio Kaku, and many more.See Privacy Policy at https://art19.com/privacy and California Privacy Notice at https://art19.com/privacy#do-not-sell-my-info.

The Jordan B. Peterson Podcast
269. The Biology of Good and Evil | Frans de Waal & Dr Jordan B Peterson

The Jordan B. Peterson Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 11, 2022 105:46


Frans de Waal is an acclaimed Dutch primatologist and ethologist. He's written and published numerous books, including 'Chimpanzee Cultures,' 'Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?', 'Mam's Last Hug,' and his most recent book, 'Different: Gender Through the Eyes of a Primatologist.'In this episode, Frans de Waal and I discuss a number of things, including the instinct for reciprocal cooperation, the characteristics of sex and gender, the necessity of play, reconciliation, how we mismeasure animals, and much more. Thanks for watching. —Links— Read Frans de Waal's books: https://www.amazon.com/Frans-De-Waal/e/B000APOHE0%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share —Chapters—[0:00] Intro[6:44] A Background in Ethology[9:46] The Social Organization of Chimpanzees [12:11] Supporters Make Chimps Dominant[15:56] An Instinct for Reciprocal Cooperation[17:37] Female Choice in Sexual Selection[22:45] Biology's Victorian Beginnings [24:37] Bonobo's Collective Dominance[27:42] Characteristics of Sex and Gender[31:02] Preferences in Types of Play[33:26] The Origin of Antisocial Behavior [35:43] The Necessity of Play[37:13] How Play Teaches Self Control[41:01] Self Socialization[46:18] Interference in Boys' Development[51:34] The Behavior of Reconciliation[57:29] Differences in Male and Female Aggression [59:35] Peace Making vs. Peace Keeping[1:01:59] The Conundrum of Compassion[1:03:11] Competitiveness In Males and Females[1:06:20] Disliking the Facts of Sex Differences[1:11:36] How We Mismeasure Animals[1:21:24] Anthropomorphizing Animals[1:23:26] Consciousness in Animals[1:27:15] Sentience [1:31:16] Self Consciousness and Embellishment [1:35:50] Unconscious Olfaction [1:38:53] Problems with Virtualizing the World[1:40:41] Frans de Waal's Intellectual Heroes[1:42:20] Closing Comments#fransdewaal #reciprocity #primatology #jordanpeterson #animalbehavior #dominance// SUPPORT THIS CHANNEL // Newsletter: https://mailchi.mp/jordanbpeterson.co... Donations: https://jordanbpeterson.com/donate // COURSES // Discovering Personality: https://jordanbpeterson.com/personality Self Authoring Suite: https://selfauthoring.com Understand Myself (personality test): https://understandmyself.com // BOOKS // Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life: https://jordanbpeterson.com/Beyond-Order 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos: https://jordanbpeterson.com/12-rules-... Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief: https://jordanbpeterson.com/maps-of-m... // LINKS // Website: https://jordanbpeterson.com Events: https://jordanbpeterson.com/events Blog: https://jordanbpeterson.com/blog Podcast: https://jordanbpeterson.com/podcast // SOCIAL // Twitter: https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson Instagram: https://instagram.com/jordan.b.peterson Facebook: https://facebook.com/drjordanpeterson Telegram: https://t.me/DrJordanPeterson All socials: https://linktr.ee/drjordanbpeterson Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

The Jordan B. Peterson Podcast
269. The Biology of Good and Evil | Frans de Waal & Dr Jordan B Peterson

The Jordan B. Peterson Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 11, 2022 78:19


Frans de Waal is an acclaimed Dutch primatologist and ethologist. He's written and published numerous books, including 'Chimpanzee Cultures,' 'Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?', 'Mam's Last Hug,' and his most recent book, 'Different: Gender Through the Eyes of a Primatologist.' In this episode, Frans de Waal and I discuss a number of things, including the instinct for reciprocal cooperation, the characteristics of sex and gender, the necessity of play, reconciliation, how we mismeasure animals, and much more. Thanks for watching.  —Links—  Read Frans de Waal's books:  https://www.amazon.com/Frans-De-Waal/e/B000APOHE0%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share  —Chapters— [0:00] Intro [6:44] A Background in Ethology [9:46] The Social Organization of Chimpanzees  [12:11] Supporters Make Chimps Dominant [15:56] An Instinct for Reciprocal Cooperation [17:37] Female Choice in Sexual Selection [22:45] Biology's Victorian Beginnings  [24:37] Bonobo's Collective Dominance [27:42] Characteristics of Sex and Gender [31:02] Preferences in Types of Play [33:26] The Origin of Antisocial Behavior  [35:43] The Necessity of Play [37:13] How Play Teaches Self Control [41:01] Self Socialization [46:18] Interference in Boys' Development [51:34] The Behavior of Reconciliation [57:29] Differences in Male and Female Aggression  [59:35] Peace Making vs. Peace Keeping [1:01:59] The Conundrum of Compassion [1:03:11] Competitiveness In Males and Females [1:06:20] Disliking the Facts of Sex Differences [1:11:36] How We Mismeasure Animals [1:21:24] Anthropomorphizing Animals [1:23:26] Consciousness in Animals [1:27:15] Sentience  [1:31:16] Self Consciousness and Embellishment  [1:35:50] Unconscious Olfaction  [1:38:53] Problems with Virtualizing the World [1:40:41] Frans de Waal's Intellectual Heroes [1:42:20] Closing Comments #fransdewaal #reciprocity #primatology #jordanpeterson #animalbehavior #dominance // SUPPORT THIS CHANNEL //  Newsletter: https://mailchi.mp/jordanbpeterson.co...  Donations: https://jordanbpeterson.com/donate  // COURSES //  Discovering Personality: https://jordanbpeterson.com/personality  Self Authoring Suite: https://selfauthoring.com  Understand Myself (personality test): https://understandmyself.com  // BOOKS //  Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life: https://jordanbpeterson.com/Beyond-Order  12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos: https://jordanbpeterson.com/12-rules-...  Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief: https://jordanbpeterson.com/maps-of-m...  // LINKS //  Website: https://jordanbpeterson.com  Events: https://jordanbpeterson.com/events  Blog: https://jordanbpeterson.com/blog  Podcast: https://jordanbpeterson.com/podcast  // SOCIAL //  Twitter: https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson  Instagram: https://instagram.com/jordan.b.peterson  Facebook: https://facebook.com/drjordanpeterson  Telegram: https://t.me/DrJordanPeterson  All socials: https://linktr.ee/drjordanbpeterson Learn more about your ad choices. Visit podcastchoices.com/adchoices

The Health & Happiness Podcast
Embrace Your Inner Child- How important is play for adults

The Health & Happiness Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 28, 2022 18:41


On this episode of The Health & Happiness Podcast, we talk all about the benefits of play and not just in children, but adults, too! Make sure you get out there and play today! :)   Resources: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/episode-6-is-laughter-really-the-best-medicine/id1553846653?i=1000513929192   https://wanderlust.com/journal/the-importance-of-play-in-adulthood/#:~:text=Play%20for%20adults%20is%20critical,growth%20of%20the%20cerebral%20cortex.   http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Adult_Play_and_Sexual_Selection   https://www.cnn.com/2017/11/02/health/why-adults-should-play-too/index.html   http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/The_Benefits_of_Recess_in_Primary_School   https://www.readersdigest.ca/health/healthy-living/3-ways-acting-like-a-child-change-life/   https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2014/08/06/336360521/play-doesnt-end-with-childhood-why-adults-need-recess-too

MinuteEarth
How Reindeer Explain Bitcoin

MinuteEarth

Play Episode Listen Later Jan 4, 2022 3:26


Watch the new season of MinuteBody - and get access to both CuriosityStream and Nebula - at https://curiositystream.com/minuteearth Bitcoin and other blockchain technologies, like NFTs, work a lot like reindeer mating. LEARN MORE ************** To learn more about this topic, start your googling with these keywords: - Bitcoin: a digital currency known as a cryptocurrency, which uses a proof-of-work consensus to validate transactions and create new units of Bitcoin. - Proof-of-work: a decentralized consensus mechanism that requires members of a network to expend effort solving an arbitrary mathematical puzzle to prevent malicious activity - Blockchain: a record of transactions made in Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency maintained across several linked computers, which can also be used in non-cryptocurrency applications - Mining: the process of validating transactions and creating new Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies - Sexual selection: a form of natural selection driven by competition between members of a species of one sex for access to mating partners of another sex that favors certain characteristics SUPPORT MINUTEEARTH ************************** If you like what we do, you can help us!: - Become our patron: https://patreon.com/MinuteEarth - Share this video with your friends and family - Leave us a comment (we read them!) CREDITS ********* Julián Gustavo Gómez (@TheJulianGomez) | Script Writer and Narrator Ever Salazar | Director Aldo de Vos | Illustration, Video Editing, Animation, and Music MinuteEarth is produced by Neptune Studios LLC https://neptunestudios.info OUR STAFF ************ Sarah Berman • Arcadi Garcia i Rius David Goldenberg • Julián Gustavo Gómez Melissa Hayes • Alex Reich • Henry Reich • Peter Reich Ever Salazar • Leonardo Souza • Kate Yoshida OUR LINKS ************ Youtube | https://youtube.com/MinuteEarth TikTok | https://tiktok.com/@minuteearth Twitter | https://twitter.com/MinuteEarth Instagram | https://instagram.com/minute_earth Facebook | https://facebook.com/Minuteearth Website | https://minuteearth.com Apple Podcasts| https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/minuteearth/id649211176 REFERENCES ************** Antonopoulos, Andreas M. "Mastering bitcoin." (2019) Brennan, P. “Sexual Selection.” (2010) Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):79 https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/sexual-selection-13255240/ Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI), University of Cambridge, https://ccaf.io/cbeci/index. de Vries, Alex. “Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index.” Digiconomist, 6 Nov. 2021, https://digiconomist.net/bitcoin-energy-consumption. Goss, Richard J. Deer antlers: regeneration, function and evolution. Academic Press, 2012. Panko, Ben. “Go Big or Go Generic: How Sexual Selection Is like Advertising.” Smithsonian Magazine, Smithsonian Institution, 6 Dec. 2016, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/either-go-big-or-go-generic-how-sexual-selection-advertising-180961311/.

My AP Biology Thoughts
Examples of Evolution: Darwin's Finches

My AP Biology Thoughts

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 23, 2021 4:56


My AP Biology Thoughts  Unit 7 Natural Selection EPISODE TITLE: Unit 7: Darwin's FinchesWelcome to My AP Biology Thoughts podcast, my name is Shrithik Sekar, Kyle Mason, Gabe Moriello, and I am your host for Unit 7: Examples of Evolution, Darwin's Finches. In episode 116, we will be discussing this topic and how it relates to the AP Biology Curriculum.  “We want to also thank our sources for the information presented in this podcast episode today which include (Britannica, Galapogosisland.org, and Crash course Biology on Youtube). You can find the citations and links to these sources in the show notes.” Segment 1: Overview of Darwin's finches  What are Darwin's finches?  Who is darwin? - Geologist and Biologist, who formed the theory of natural selection. Known for his contributions to Science of evolution. He studied many finches which were found in the galapagos islands located 1,000 km off the coast of Ecuador  What were the finches? - These finches were a Group of 18 different species found in the Galapagos island. Darwin found the finches were all closely related with small direct observations that he made during his time in the Galapagos islands  What did he study? -During his studies while in the Galapagos islands, he concluded the speciation of the finches which is known as the experiment of Darwin's finches   How does it relate to evolution? - It relates to evolution because it is an example of Direct observation  Segment 2: Evidence that supports Darwin's finches  Connection direct observation evolution  What is direct observation of evolution? - Through observation, in small population sizes, it can be found many changes of one species to then create many subspecies. Through direct observation of evidence in almost every species. THis idea had to do with the last universal ancestor, how all species are alike in many ways and all stemmed from the same ancestor. These finches dna is super similar, but these small differences of dna created a difference in appearance which was found ny darwin.  ( This begs the question of ) Why are the finches an example of evolution? All 18 species of Darwin's Finches were originally one finch species on the coast of south america. However, Darwin discovered that this species branched off into 18 different species on the Galapagos islands depending on the finches' environment  What Key pieces of evidence did darwin find? - Darwin found the difference, fruit eating finches had wide beaks, insect eating finches had narrow beaks, and based on different factors of each finches environment each species had a different characteristic change. - GO TO Image  Segment 3: Connection to the CourseThe 5 pieces of evidence - of evolution.  How do these ideas of evolution connect to our Biology class?   ( Relates to AP bio curriculum 7.2 - Natural Selection)  ( 7.4 - Population Genetics  (7.6 - Evidence of evolution  (7.7 - Common Ancestry  Direct observation is only one example of evolutionary evidence  5 other examples - Fossils, Geological evidence, Change in DNA, Homologous structures  All apart of either natural or physiological selection  Natural selection is a part of the 5 fingers of evolution ( Sexual Selection, Genetic Drift, Gene flow, Mutation)  Darwin's finches show that adaptive evolution among the finch populations - the finches evolved different beak types depending on which food they ate, showing how natural selection is a factor in pushing populations to evolve Thank you for listening to this episode of My AP Biology Thoughts. For more student-ran podcasts and digital content, make sure that you visit http://www.hvspn.com (www.hvspn.com). Ceeeyaaa!!!!!! Music Credits: "Ice Flow" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License...

Tracking Traits
Exploring the Endless Mysteries of Human Sexual Selection

Tracking Traits

Play Episode Play 28 sec Highlight Listen Later Oct 4, 2021 30:57 Transcription Available


Penn State undergraduate Amy Mook interviews Dr. David Puts, Associate Professor of Anthropology about his research. Puts' Behavioral Endocrinology and Evolution Lab focuses on the evolutionary and neuroendocrine bases of human sexuality and sex differences.HOST:Samantha Muller, Penn State Undergraduate Student, Forensic Science, minor in AnthropologyGUEST:Dr. David Puts, Associate Professor of Anthropology

Podcast Notes Playlist: Latest Episodes
Why Scientific Achievements Might ACTUALLY Be USELESS for Humans | Richard Dawkins

Podcast Notes Playlist: Latest Episodes

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 27, 2021 124:57


Impact Theory with Tom Bilyeu Podcast Notes Key Takeaways Check out Impact Theory Episode Page & Show NotesRead the full notes @ podcastnotes.orgCheck out our sponsors:  Indeed: Get a FREE $75 CREDIT to upgrade your job post at indeed.com/IMPACT Thryve: Get 70% off your at-home gut health test at trythryve.com/impact Skillshare: Explore your creativity at skillshare.com/impacttheory for a 1 month FREE trial of Premium Membership. Uprising: Go to uprisingfood.com/IMPACT to get $10 off the starter bundle. Upstart: UPSTART.com/IMPACT InsideTracker: Get 25% off their entire store at insidetracker.com/impacttheory Whether you believe that humans and other species have evolved or you believe in a creator of living things, this episode is going to excite you or challenge you to think outside the box. Both scenarios are worthwhile, as Tom is joined by the world renowned evolutionary biologist, Richard Dawkins. Trying to fully grasp how the human mind works and what role evolution plays with our emotions, thought processes and sexual selection can be overwhelming. Tom highlights the inspiring works from Richard and discusses some complex ideas from his latest book, Books Do Furnish A Life. This is a deep dive into what evolution is, and raises the question of whether or not science, technology, and the human search for meaning and exploration has surpassed our basic evolutionary need for survival. Where does that leave humanity and what options are potential solutions worth exploring?   Order Richard Dawkins new book, Books Do Furnish A Life: https://amzn.to/39fEeSU   SHOW NOTES:   0:00 | Introduction Richard Dawkins 1:34 | How The Mind Works 7:28 | Nature of Thought & Emotion 14:01 | Emergent Properties Beyond Survival 21:13 | Lack Of Evolving Creativity 29:30 | The Great Leap Forward 30:46 | Evolution of Sexual Selection 41:25 | The Handicap Principle 45:17 | Human Sexual Selection 57:13 | Genetic Variance 1:04:07 | Finding Origin of Life 1:10:55 | Natural Selection & DNA 1:27:29 | Writing Sci-Fi & Morality 1:37:58 | Hard Problem of Consciousness 1:41:32 | Memes + Hyper Connectivity   QUOTES:   “What I tried to do in my writing career is to emphasize the rational, thoughtful side of the brain, and to not deny the existence of the emotional, but to try to foster the control of the emotions by reason.” [6:48]   “What the human mind achieves today, in the form of science in particular, technology, is utterly bewildering when you think about it in an evolutionary context. It is so far beyond what we're ever naturally selected to do.”   “The origin of life on this planet is not a highly implausible event, it's not a very rare event...” [1:09:49]   “The idea that every particle in the universe has a minute mote of consciousness seems to me to be complete rubbish.” [1:39:17]   “It's got to be a manifestation of great complexity of interacting units. No, one of which is conscious in itself, but when you put them together, consciousness emerges from the interactions among them.” [1:40:47]   “Cultural evolution is a real phenomenon, it really looks like evolution, it really has the same progressive qualities as evolution does.” [1:42:39]   “I introduced the idea of the meme as a virus of the mind. Something that goes viral is this successful meme.” [1:45:56]   Follow Richard Dawkins: Website: https://richarddawkins.net/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/rdfrs Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RichardDawkinsFoundation/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/richard_dawkins/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/richarddawkinsdotnet  

Impact Theory with Tom Bilyeu
Why Scientific Achievements Might ACTUALLY Be USELESS for Humans | Richard Dawkins

Impact Theory with Tom Bilyeu

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 21, 2021 124:57


Check out our sponsors:  Indeed: Get a FREE $75 CREDIT to upgrade your job post at indeed.com/IMPACT Thryve: Get 70% off your at-home gut health test at trythryve.com/impact Skillshare: Explore your creativity at skillshare.com/impacttheory for a 1 month FREE trial of Premium Membership. Uprising: Go to uprisingfood.com/IMPACT to get $10 off the starter bundle. Upstart: UPSTART.com/IMPACT InsideTracker: Get 25% off their entire store at insidetracker.com/impacttheory Whether you believe that humans and other species have evolved or you believe in a creator of living things, this episode is going to excite you or challenge you to think outside the box. Both scenarios are worthwhile, as Tom is joined by the world renowned evolutionary biologist, Richard Dawkins. Trying to fully grasp how the human mind works and what role evolution plays with our emotions, thought processes and sexual selection can be overwhelming. Tom highlights the inspiring works from Richard and discusses some complex ideas from his latest book, Books Do Furnish A Life. This is a deep dive into what evolution is, and raises the question of whether or not science, technology, and the human search for meaning and exploration has surpassed our basic evolutionary need for survival. Where does that leave humanity and what options are potential solutions worth exploring?   Order Richard Dawkins new book, Books Do Furnish A Life: https://amzn.to/39fEeSU   SHOW NOTES:   0:00 | Introduction Richard Dawkins 1:34 | How The Mind Works 7:28 | Nature of Thought & Emotion 14:01 | Emergent Properties Beyond Survival 21:13 | Lack Of Evolving Creativity 29:30 | The Great Leap Forward 30:46 | Evolution of Sexual Selection 41:25 | The Handicap Principle 45:17 | Human Sexual Selection 57:13 | Genetic Variance 1:04:07 | Finding Origin of Life 1:10:55 | Natural Selection & DNA 1:27:29 | Writing Sci-Fi & Morality 1:37:58 | Hard Problem of Consciousness 1:41:32 | Memes + Hyper Connectivity   QUOTES:   “What I tried to do in my writing career is to emphasize the rational, thoughtful side of the brain, and to not deny the existence of the emotional, but to try to foster the control of the emotions by reason.” [6:48]   “What the human mind achieves today, in the form of science in particular, technology, is utterly bewildering when you think about it in an evolutionary context. It is so far beyond what we're ever naturally selected to do.”   “The origin of life on this planet is not a highly implausible event, it's not a very rare event...” [1:09:49]   “The idea that every particle in the universe has a minute mote of consciousness seems to me to be complete rubbish.” [1:39:17]   “It's got to be a manifestation of great complexity of interacting units. No, one of which is conscious in itself, but when you put them together, consciousness emerges from the interactions among them.” [1:40:47]   “Cultural evolution is a real phenomenon, it really looks like evolution, it really has the same progressive qualities as evolution does.” [1:42:39]   “I introduced the idea of the meme as a virus of the mind. Something that goes viral is this successful meme.” [1:45:56]   Follow Richard Dawkins: Website: https://richarddawkins.net/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/rdfrs Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RichardDawkinsFoundation/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/richard_dawkins/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/richarddawkinsdotnet  

Wisuru‘s  Biography Podcast
Charles Darwin - Part 3

Wisuru‘s Biography Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 14, 2021 17:16


In this week's episode, we take a look at how Charles Darwin postulated the Theory of Natural Selection. We also look at what that theory was and finally finish the episode with some interesting facts about Darwin. Read our blog post Would you rather read about his biography? Click here: Charles Darwin. If the link doesn't work, copy and paste this URL into your browser - https://wisuru.com/biography/charles-darwin/ Summary Two theories of evolution existed during Charles Darwin's time. Darwin, who read these two theories, was motivated to find out how evolution really happened [Citation1]. Malthus' essay While Darwin was pondering over how evolution really happens, in 1838, he read an essay written by Thomas Malthus. In this essay, Malthus argues that, if left unchecked, all species have the ability to reproduce indefinitely and overpopulate the earth within a few hundred generations and outstrip food production. And yet, it doesn't happen. Every year, the populations of varied species remain stable. Natural Selection While thinking about what Malthus had written, Darwin realized that there must be some combination of natural factors that keeps the populations of different species in check. Due to these factors, many of the organisms in varied species must have died even before they could have had the chance to reproduce. Darwin named this combination of natural factors 'Natural Selection,' because he felt that these factors select which organisms get to reproduce and have children, and which do not. According to Darwin, Natural Selection was the force behind evolution. Thus, the Theory of Natural Selection originated. For example, in places where there was no grass, but only tall trees, giraffes with slightly elongated necks and front legs would have had a better chance of procuring food, while those that didn't possess these attributes would have died out, before reproducing. Thus, the next generation of giraffes would have longer front legs and necks. This process would have continued for hundreds of generations. As a result, the giraffes we see today have extremely long necks and front legs when compared to any other organism in this world. Reluctance to publish his theory But even though Darwin had come up with his own theory of evolution in the year 1838, he did not publish it then, because he was afraid that he might be ostracized by society for mentioning something like that. After all, he would be suggesting that human beings actually evolved from other organisms, and were not created by god. This would go against the beliefs of many major religions at that time. So, for the next two decades, he kept experimenting and gathering more evidence to prove his theory. (Darwin's drawing below is based on his belief that evolution would have begun with one organism (1 in the drawing) and then branched and rebranched, to produce the numerous varied species in this world). Wallace's essay On June 18th, 1858, Darwin read an essay [Citation 2] published by Alfred Russel Wallace, an English naturalist who had sailed to South East Asia and collected specimens there. Darwin was spellbound by the similarities Wallace's essay had, with his own theory of evolution. So, even though he had originally planned to write a big book on his thoughts about evolution, he hurriedly wrote an abstract, called 'On the Origin of Species.' Then, he had both his abstract and Wallace's essay read out in the Biological Society in London. Then, he started working on the big book he had always dreamt to finish. Sexual Selection In his abstract (On the Origin of Species), Darwin explains that natural selection is not the only catalyst behind evolution. There was one more catalyst, called Sexual Selection. Sexual Selection is the process in which, in many organisms, the female (mostly) chooses which male to mate with. The males, on the other hand, compete with each other, to attract the attention of the female. Sexual selection is another factor, which decides which members of a species get to reproduce and which do not. Able members of one sex (mostly males) can mate with many females and have lots of children, while less able males have the least chance of mating and reproducing. Thus, the next generation would have more individuals with the characteristics of the more able males, and fewer individuals with the characteristics of the less able males. Copley Medal Darwin finally finished the first part of the big book, which he had always wanted to write, in 1868. He named it, 'The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication.' But before finishing its second part, he died. Darwin also published other books, like, 'The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex' and 'The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.' Both these books became hugely popular, exceeding his own expectations. The Royal Society of London (Britain's national academy of sciences) honored Darwin for his lifelong contribution to science by awarding him the Copley medal (Britain's highest scientific honor) in 1864. (A picture of Charles Darwin in 1868 can be found below) Death In 1882, Charles Darwin was diagnosed with 'Angina Pectoris.' It is an illness that causes chest pain due to the insufficient flow of blood to the heart. Darwin died on April 19th of the same year. Finally, I end the episode by looking at some interesting facts about Darwin. Citations http://darwin-online.org.uk/darwin.html http://darwin-online.org.uk/converted/published/1858_species_F350.html   Resources Charles Darwin's drawing - By Charles Darwin - Page 36 of Notebook B: [Transmutation of species (1837-1838)]. 'commenced. . . July 1837'; from Darwin Online, Public Domain, Public Domain, Link Picture of Charles Darwin - By Julia Margaret Cameron - Reprinted in Charles Darwin: His Life Told in an Autobiographical Chapter, and in a Selected Series of His Published Letters, edited by Francis Darwin. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street. 1892.Scanned by User:Davepape, Public Domain, Link Donation link Do you like our work and want to donate to us? You can do so by using this Patreon link: https://www.patreon.com/wisuru Contact me Have some suggestions to share with us? Just tweet to us using our Twitter link: https://twitter.com/WisuruBiography

The
WiM040 - The Geoffrey Miller Series | Episode 3 | Game Theory All the Way Down

The "What is Money?" Show

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 27, 2021 82:23


Geoffrey Miller joins me for a multi-episode series exploring evolutionary psychology, virtue signaling, history, markets, money, and Bitcoin/crypto.Be sure to check out NYDIG, one of the most important companies in Bitcoin: https://nydig.com/GUESTGeoffrey's twitter: https://twitter.com/primalpoly/mediaGeoffrey's website: https://www.primalpoly.com/CHANNELPodcast Website: https://whatismoneypodcast.com/Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-what-is-money-show/id1541404400Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/25LPvm8EewBGyfQQ1abIsE?si=wgVuY16XR0io4NLNo0A11A&nd=1RSS Feed: https://feeds.simplecast.com/MLdpYXYITranscript:EPISODE00:00:00 “What is Money?” Intro00:00:08 NYDIG00:01:25 Game Theory All the Way Down00:05:56 Solving Game Theoretic Problems with Technology00:14:56 Propaganda Against Bitcoin00:28:38 Countermeasures Against Bitcoin Propaganda00:37:58 The Role of Moral Virtues in Relationships00:42:47 Cultivating Virtue Across All Domains of Life00:54:37 Morality as an Emergent Property00:58:23 Virtue Signaling Dynamics at the Cultural Level01:04:06 Sexual Selection for Moral Virtues01:09:47 Pagan Virtues01:17:01 Jungian Archetypes01:18:46 Benefits of a Less Hierarchical MarketplaceSOCIALBreedlove Twitter: https://twitter.com/Breedlove22WiM? Twitter: https://twitter.com/WhatisMoneyShowLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/breedlove22/Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/breedlove_22/TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@breedlove22?lang=enAll My Current Work: https://linktr.ee/breedlove22​WRITTEN WORKMedium: https://breedlove22.medium.com/Substack: https://breedlove22.substack.com/WAYS TO CONTRIBUTEBitcoin: 3D1gfxKZKMtfWaD1bkwiR6JsDzu6e9bZQ7Sats via Strike: https://strike.me/breedlove22Sats via Tippin.me: https://tippin.me/@Breedlove22Dollars via Paypal: https://www.paypal.com/paypalme/RBreedloveDollars via Venmo: https://venmo.com/code?user_id=1784359925317632528The "What is Money?" Show Patreon Page: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=32843101&fan_landing=trueRECOMMENDED BUSINESSESAutomatic Recurring Bitcoin Buying: https://www.swanbitcoin.com/breedlove/Use Discount Code "Breedlove" for Bitcoin Custody w/ Casa: https://keys.casa/#plansBuy Bitcoin in a Retirement Account w/ DAIM: https://daimio.typeform.com/to/oU5OHXMZWorldclass Bitcoin Financial Services: https://nydig.com/

The
WiM039 - The Geoffrey Miller Series | Episode 2 | Sexual Selection for Moral Virtues

The "What is Money?" Show

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 25, 2021 51:37


Geoffrey Miller joins me for a multi-episode series exploring evolutionary psychology, virtue signaling, history, markets, money, and Bitcoin/crypto.Be sure to check out NYDIG, one of the most important companies in Bitcoin: https://nydig.com/GUESTGeoffrey's twitter: https://twitter.com/primalpoly/mediaGeoffrey's website: https://www.primalpoly.com/CHANNELPodcast Website: https://whatismoneypodcast.com/Apple Podcast: https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/the-what-is-money-show/id1541404400Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/25LPvm8EewBGyfQQ1abIsE?si=wgVuY16XR0io4NLNo0A11A&nd=1RSS Feed: https://feeds.simplecast.com/MLdpYXYITranscript:EPISODE00:00:00 “What is Money?” Intro00:00:08 NYDIG00:01:25 The Evolutionary Origins of Moral Virtues00:04:12 Values, Virtues, and Relationships00:07:42 Competition in the Mating Market00:14:34 What is a Soul?00:20:10 Morality from a Social Psychology Perspective00:23:37 The Free Market and Morality00:32:07 Social Relationships Influence Morality00:41:41 Costly Signaling is Proof of WorkSOCIALBreedlove Twitter: https://twitter.com/Breedlove22WiM? Twitter: https://twitter.com/WhatisMoneyShowLinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/breedlove22/Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/breedlove_22/TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@breedlove22?lang=enAll My Current Work: https://linktr.ee/breedlove22​WRITTEN WORKMedium: https://breedlove22.medium.com/Substack: https://breedlove22.substack.com/WAYS TO CONTRIBUTEBitcoin: 3D1gfxKZKMtfWaD1bkwiR6JsDzu6e9bZQ7Sats via Strike: https://strike.me/breedlove22Sats via Tippin.me: https://tippin.me/@Breedlove22Dollars via Paypal: https://www.paypal.com/paypalme/RBreedloveDollars via Venmo: https://venmo.com/code?user_id=1784359925317632528The "What is Money?" Show Patreon Page: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=32843101&fan_landing=trueRECOMMENDED BUSINESSESAutomatic Recurring Bitcoin Buying: https://www.swanbitcoin.com/breedlove/Use Discount Code "Breedlove" for Bitcoin Custody w/ Casa: https://keys.casa/#plansBuy Bitcoin in a Retirement Account w/ DAIM: https://daimio.typeform.com/to/oU5OHXMZWorldclass Bitcoin Financial Services: https://nydig.com/

Curiosity Daily
Romanesco Fractals, Dolphin Names & Evolution vs. Mating

Curiosity Daily

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 23, 2021 15:07


Learn about evolutionary compromises; the fractals of Romanesco cauliflower; and dolphins that learn each other's names.  Conflict traits: when evolution and mating conflict with each other by Cameron Duke Experiments show natural selection opposes sexual selection. (2021). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-06/uoe-esn060721.php Mulder, M. B., & Rauch, K. L. (2009). Sexual conflict in humans: Variations and solutions. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 18(5), 201–214. https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.20226 Okada, K., Katsuki, M., Sharma, M. D., Kiyose, K., Seko, T., Okada, Y., Wilson, A. J., & Hosken, D. J. (2021). Natural selection increases female fitness by reversing the exaggeration of a male sexually selected trait. Nature Communications, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-23804-7 Here's why Romanesco cauliflower grows in a fractal pattern by Briana Brownell Ouellette, J. (2021, July 8). What fractals, Fibonacci, and the golden ratio have to do with cauliflower. Ars Technica; Ars Technica. https://arstechnica.com/science/2021/07/what-fractals-fibonacci-and-the-golden-ratio-have-to-do-with-cauliflower/  ‌Azpeitia, E., Tichtinsky, G., Le Masson, M., Serrano-Mislata, A., Lucas, J., Gregis, V., Gimenez, C., Prunet, N., Farcot, E., Kater, M. M., Bradley, D., Madueño, F., Godin, C., & Parcy, F. (2021). Cauliflower fractal forms arise from perturbations of floral gene networks. Science, 373(6551), 192–197. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abg5999  Dolphins can learn each other's names by Grant Currin Morell, V. (2021, April 22). Dolphins learn the “names” of their friends to form teams—a first in animal kingdom. Science | AAAS. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2021/04/dolphins-learn-names-their-friends-form-teams-first-animal-kingdom  ‌King, S. L., Connor, R. C., Krützen, M., & Allen, S. J. (2021). Cooperation-based concept formation in male bottlenose dolphins. Nature Communications, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22668-1  ‌Shyr, L. (2021, May 5). Dolphins Help Those Who've Helped Them Before, Even When They're Not Friends. Atlas Obscura; Atlas Obscura. https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/dolphins-work-in-teams  Follow Curiosity Daily on your favorite podcast app to learn something new every day withCody Gough andAshley Hamer. Still curious? Get exclusive science shows, nature documentaries, and more real-life entertainment on discovery+! Go to https://discoveryplus.com/curiosity to start your 7-day free trial. discovery+ is currently only available for US subscribers. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.

Engines of Our Ingenuity
Engines of Our Ingenuity 2637: Neanderthal Genes

Engines of Our Ingenuity

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 11, 2021 3:53


Episode: 2637 Neanderthal genes in the human genome, and Darwin's theory of Sexual Selection.  Today, Neanderthal genes.

Experiments in Dialogue
07. The Complexity of Beauty: Modeling, Biology, and Markets with Iman ElDeeb

Experiments in Dialogue

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 7, 2021 106:24


Episode Description:Ahmed and Youssef sit down to speak with Iman Eldeeb (AKA Camelicked), model and founder of UNN Model Management, the first modelling agency in Egypt. They discuss the nature of the modelling industry, Iman's history, and what it was like starting the first model management agency in Egypt. The discussion switches gears, as they discuss the origins of beauty standards, what men want vs. what women think men want, sexual selection's role in forming our ideals of beauty, social signalling, and how culture, biology, and markets interact to produce the modelling industry as we see it today.Podcast Description:Experiments in Dialogue is a podcast co-hosted by two Egyptian friends, attempting to reconstruct the world through good-faith and honest dialogue. In each episode, we attempt to couple the best of Enlightenment values with an evolutionary lens to explore the intimate and difficult questions posed by our modern circumstances. Join us, as we weave a diverse array of guests and discussions into a tapestry of stories about culture, philosophy, and science.If you like our material and want regular updates or would like to connect, follow us on our social media:Twitter:https://twitter.com/expindialogue...Instagram:https://www.instagram.com/experimentsindialogue/...Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ExperimentsinDialogue/If you want to support what we're doing, please check out our Patreon:  http://patreon.com/join/ExperimentsinDialogue/

Free Audio-Books
Sexual Selection

Free Audio-Books

Play Episode Listen Later Jun 2, 2021 21:47


Get Audible: https://amzn.to/3fZZT4p Crypto Opportunities: https://bit.ly/3bB2yAu Grow your Social Following: https://bit.ly/3wJi70U ManySwap: https://bit.ly/3yGUVSP --- Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/freeaudiobooks/support

The Science of Birds
Mate Choice and Sexual Selection in Birds

The Science of Birds

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 27, 2021 52:34


This episode is all about how birds choose their mates and the evolutionary outcomes of those choices.A lot of what we’re talking about today has to do with sexual selection, which is a special form of natural selection. In sexual selection, individuals compete for mates. This is when females and males choose their partners based on specific traits. Traits like plumage color or song, behavior, etc.This choosiness has resulted in some spectacular features in birds. Many of the things we love most about birds are consequences of sexual selection.~~ Leave me a review using Podchaser ~~Links of InterestVideo of Long-tailed Manakin DisplayLink to this episode on the Science of Birds website

Porpear พ.แพร์  แคร์เรื่องหญิง
พาเสียว EP.4 “เซ็กส์” กับ “ความรัก” สัมพันธ์กันยังไง? ตอนที่ 1 (Sexual selection)

Porpear พ.แพร์ แคร์เรื่องหญิง

Play Episode Listen Later Feb 8, 2021 18:16


คุณเคยมีคำถามมั้ยคะ ว่าทำไมเราถึงต้องมีเซ็กส์? การมีเซ็กส์มันสำคัญยังไง? การมีความรัก จำเป็นต้องมีเซ็กส์ จริงรึป่าว? ♥️

How Humans Work with Jef Szi
#05: Robert Trivers - The Logic of Evolution and Shadows of Brilliance

How Humans Work with Jef Szi

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 22, 2020 42:54


In Episode #05, Jef Szi welcomes the always forthright and more than occasionally provocative Robert Trivers. Together they discuss one of Robert's many seminal papers in the field of Evolutionary Biology: Parental Investment and Sexual Selection. Written in 1972, this paper lays bare how time and energy investment differences between the sexes of any species (maternal/paternal) influence who makes the mating choices and who competes to be chosen. Joining the show by Zoom over a couple of beers at an increasingly noisy Jamaican saloon, Trivers waxes professorial while never shying away from explicit and sometimes abrasive thoughts on matters of relationship, sex and violence. In Episode #05 we get a sense of not just the brilliance of strong-willed biologist who made waves across academia, but also one of a man, a son, and a father in whose life we can hear the hurtful, the turbulent, the unreconciled and the messy. Among the stories Robert recounts are a few searing memories about his father's harsh ways of parenting. Through it all, we come to see Robert Trivers in his human complexity. He has clear biological theories for our collective condition but becomes more opaque, in some measure, with his personal understandings…something we can all relate with to one degree or another. Buckle-up for this one, because the father of modern evolutionary biology is not only an insightful genius that transformed a field, but a maverick and forceful soul who rides roughshod over decorum as he gets real with his life and the ways of evolution.

Learning by William
The Theory of Evolution By Natural and Sexual Selection

Learning by William

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 10, 2020 30:03


For the third episode of Learning by William, we delve into theories comprising the biological law of evolution. The main theory is, of course, Darwinian Evolution (or Evolution by Natural Selection). In this episode, you will learn about the process of natural selection, along with real-life examples that could apply to you; additionally, you will learn about the process of sexual selection and how it applies to human mating rituals. Thank you all for listening to the third episode of the "Learning by William" podcast! I hope you all enjoy! If you have any questions, comments, critiques, or if you want to talk to me, please do email me using the address below: learningbywilliam@gmail.com Websites Used for Research: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11270-008-9925-3 (third law of biology) https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/prokaryote https://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Life/first_life.html https://www.livescience.com/474-controversy-evolution-works.html http://www.mothscount.org/text/63/peppered_moth_and_natural_selection.html https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6731601/ https://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/hemoglobin-and-functions-of-iron https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/sexual-selection-13255240/ https://sciencing.com/peacocks-mate-4565678.html https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2017.1320

Real Black Atheist & Pseudo Killas Library
Blog Talk: Call in show /Ask Question/ and The Great Debate /sexual selection

Real Black Atheist & Pseudo Killas Library

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 7, 2020 131:26


the Way of the Showman
11 - Sexual Selection of Carnival Attractions

the Way of the Showman

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 18, 2020 52:15


Strange days are upon us. Some are calling for the abolishment of 2020, others are asking for their money back and are refusing to add this year to their sequence of birthdays. But I am asking for a radical rethinking of the time given to us by the Pandemic. Get cracking with the creating!Revolution, evolution, sexual and other selection as how the female of the species shapes the males to their liking.The Carnival is an organism subjected to the same laws of nature the rest of biology struggles under. Like the constrictions placed on us Showfolk by the current pandemic there are various selection processes working on the carnival, both the Outer and the Inner. We learn one of the great secrets of Illuminated Showmanship, how it came to mirror the human soul.Show Notes:Alan Watts - What if money was no object.Austin Kleon - Steal Like an ArtistBefore and after shots of clean air in India.Tolkien quote "All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given us."Little Egypt article with links to clips.Little Egypts filmed by EdisonDarwin's letter to Asa Gray where he says: "The sight of a feather in a peacock's tail, whenever I gaze at it, makes me sick!"Evolution of Whales - 2nd episode of an excellent PBS documentary.Pakicetus - Dog-like whale ancestor

Experiments in Dialogue
07. The Complexity of Beauty: Modeling, Biology, and Markets with Iman Eldeeb

Experiments in Dialogue

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 28, 2020 106:24


Ahmed and Youssef sit down to speak with Iman Eldeeb (AKA Camelicked), model and founder of UNN Model Management, the first modelling agency in Egypt. They discuss the nature of the modelling industry, Iman's history, and what it was like starting the first model management agency in Egypt. The discussion switches gears, as they discuss the origins of beauty standards, what men want vs. what women think men want, sexual selection's role in forming our ideals of beauty, social signalling, and how culture, biology, and markets interact to produce the modelling industry as we see it today.We hope you find this an illuminating and thought-provoking discussion! You can check out Iman's work and UNN Model Management here:UNN Model Management:- Website: https://www.unnmodels.com/home- Instagram: @unnmodelsIman ElDeeb : @camelickedAs always, you can find us on: - Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ExperimentsinDialogue- Instagram: @expindialogue- Twitter: @expindialogue- Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAKflCnZcnlfQq1GD8Gn-VwIf you want to support what we’re doing, please check out our Patreon:http://patreon.com/join/ExperimentsinDialogue/

Health Psychology and Human Nature
#29: Natural Selection, Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Beauty

Health Psychology and Human Nature

Play Episode Listen Later May 19, 2020 73:31


How do species change over time and why are we attracted to certain things? Today I and Professor Richard Prum get into Natural Selection, Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Beauty. We also get into sexual stuff like why the penis is the way it is and orgasms.  Richard is an evolutionary ornithologist, meaning he really know his birds and evolution. He has written the book The Evolution of Beauty in which he argues for Darwin’s long-neglected theory of sexual selection, in which the act of choosing a mate for purely aesthetic reasons – for the mere pleasure of it – is an independent engine of evolutionary change. For more episodes, tips and inspiration follow me at @healthpsychologyandhumannature on Instagram and FB. Have a terrific day.

Curiosity Daily
Using Urine to Build a Moon Base, Musicians and Audiences Sync Brain Activity, and Why “Size Matters” for Narwhal Tusks

Curiosity Daily

Play Episode Listen Later May 6, 2020 9:06


Learn about how astronauts may build the first moon base with help from their own urine; how musicians and audiences synchronize their brain activity; and more than you ever thought you wanted to know about narwhal tusks. Astronauts may use their own urine to help build the first moon base by Cameron Duke Astronaut urine to build moon bases. (2020). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/f-sf-aut032720.php  How to build a Moon base. (2018). Nature.com. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07107-4  Pilehvar, S., Arnhof, M., Pamies, R., Valentini, L., & Kjøniksen, A.-L. (2020). Utilization of urea as an accessible superplasticizer on the moon for lunar geopolymer mixtures. Journal of Cleaner Production, 247, 119177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119177  What is Artemis? (2019). NASA. https://www.nasa.gov/what-is-artemis  Musicians and their audiences sync their brain activity by Grant Currin Young, E. (2020, March 23). Musicians and Their Audiences Show Synchronised Patterns of Brain Activity. Research Digest; British Psychological Society. https://digest.bps.org.uk/2020/03/23/musicians-and-their-audiences-show-synchronised-patterns-of-brain-activity/  ‌Hou, Y., Song, B., Hu, Y., Pan, Y., & Hu, Y. (2020). The averaged inter-brain coherence between the audience and a violinist predicts the popularity of violin performance. NeuroImage, 211, 116655. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116655  Taylor, J.M. (2016, July 25). Mirror Neurons After a Quarter Century: New light, new cracks. Science in the News. Harvard University. http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2016/mirror-neurons-quarter-century-new-light-new-cracks/  Why do male narwhals have tusks? Because the ladies love 'em by Grant Currin For narwhals, the “unicorn of the seas,” size matters for sexual selection. (2020). EurekAlert! https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/asu-fnt031220.php  The longer the better: evidence that narwhal tusks are sexually selected | Biology Letters. (2020). Biology Letters. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2019.0950  ‌Narwhal Tusk Research -- Anatomy and Morphology of the Tusk. (2012). Narwhal.org. https://www.narwhal.org/anatomy.html  Sexual Selection | Learn Science at Scitable. (2010). Nature.com. https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/sexual-selection-13255240/  Subscribe to Curiosity Daily to learn something new every day with Cody Gough and Ashley Hamer. You can also listen to our podcast as part of your Alexa Flash Briefing; Amazon smart speakers users, click/tap “enable” here: https://www.amazon.com/Curiosity-com-Curiosity-Daily-from/dp/B07CP17DJY

Casey Zander Health
Sexual Selection Theory and Semen Retention – How Women Choose Partners

Casey Zander Health

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 22, 2019 10:57


Sexual Selection Theory – How Women Choose Partners Today we discuss sexual selection. This is the sexual selection theory. How women choose mates can get confusing. How women choose partners for long term is also confusing. How women select partners for the long haul is what I discuss. How women select boyfriends also gets trick. Mat signaling is huge. Sex transmutation is something to consider in your masculinity. How women select men step by step. This is masculine energy. I will tell you the natural selection and how women LINKS: [GET MY NLOR (Never Left On Read) PROGRAM- To Learn Female Dynamics When Dating

Of volcanoes and men. Про вулканы и людей
w/ Yana Shurupova on Cambrian explosion and sexual selection

Of volcanoes and men. Про вулканы и людей

Play Episode Listen Later Nov 21, 2019 33:57


s2e7. In conversation with Yana Shurupova, PhD student in paleobiology and staff scientist at Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University. Разговор с палеонтологом Яной Шуруповой, аспиранткой и сотрудницей Биологического факультета МГУ. 00:36 Чарльз Дарвин про кембрийский взрыв 02:34 тот неловкий момент, когда ты мягкотелый (в вендском периоде) 06:48 эволюция жизни от кембрия до наших дней (через весь палеозой и мезозой до нашего с вами кайнозоя) 17:07 про половой отбор (павлиний хвост, турнирные бои оленей, свадебные подарки пауков и всё такое) 23:37 про изучение эволюции в лаборатории и советский эксперимент по одомашниванию лисиц Соц медиа: https://www.facebook.com/shyrypkina Эксперимент по одомашниванию лисиц: https://www.alpinabook.ru/catalog/book-532518/ Музыка в выпуске: Операция Ебола — Пролетая над Туманностью Еболы (https://vk.com/sudden_che) UPD: Про кембрийский взрыв - появились ПОЧТИ все группы организмов; Панцирные рыбы - устаревшее название, более актуальное - плакодермы; В карбоне меганевры - это не стрекозы в современном понимании, а стрекозоподобные насекомые.

School Of Attraction Podcast
Everything You Know About Female Sexual Selection Is Wrong

School Of Attraction Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 9, 2019 14:56


What do women want? What kind of men do women date? What kind of men do women sleep with? Are women supposed to be monogamous? Are women genetically meant to seek out men for safety? Many questions like this about female sexual selection are based on stories that we hear growing up, and then stories we hear online and from our friends. Very often, these stories are completely wrong - and lead us to try approaching women in ways that hurt our chances of success rather than help. Finding a woman to date is far more complex that the stories we hear suggest - women have a highly flexible range of sexual behaviors that depend on a huge range of societal influences.

The Cloudless Mind Podcast
Are We All Driven by Sexual Selection?

The Cloudless Mind Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 30, 2019 17:45


Scott and Paul talk about sexual selection and why so much of our behavior is driven by it.

The Dissenter
#192 Paulo Gama Mota: The History of Sexual Selection Theory, And Cultural Evolution

The Dissenter

Play Episode Listen Later Jun 20, 2019 80:08


------------------Support the channel------------ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thedissenter SubscribeStar: https://www.subscribestar.com/the-dissenter PayPal: paypal.me/thedissenter PayPal Subscription 1 Dollar: https://tinyurl.com/yb3acuuy PayPal Subscription 3 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/ybn6bg9l PayPal Subscription 5 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/ycmr9gpz PayPal Subscription 10 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/y9r3fc9m PayPal Subscription 20 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/y95uvkao ------------------Follow me on--------------------- Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thedissenteryt/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheDissenterYT Anchor (podcast): https://anchor.fm/thedissenter Dr. Paulo Gama Mota is Associate Professor of Biology in the Department of Life Sciences of the Faculty of Science and Technology of the University of Coimbra. He's also a researcher at the Center for Research in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources at he University of Porto (CIBIO). Dr. Gama Mota is very interested in science communication, having been a former Director of the National Museum of Science and Technique, and the Museum of Science of the University of Coimbra (2006-2015), and also an organizer of initiatives and science communication exhibitions, as well as citizen science projects. His areas of interest and research include: animal behavior, behavioral ecology, evolutionary biology, and evolutionary anthropology. In this episode, our primary focus is on sexual selection. We start off by talking about how Darwin conceived of sexual selection, the reactions he got to that theory, and then some of the major developments in the 20th century that led to a full-fledged sexual selection theory, that now is at the basis of the study of any aspects of animal behavior. The conversation eventually goes off to group selection and multilevel selection approaches, and we talk about cultural evolution, gene-culture coevolution, and basically the interplay between biology and culture. -- Follow Dr. Gama Mota's work: Faculty page: https://bit.ly/2URR8hf Researchgate page: https://bit.ly/2XVoJrG Central article for the discussion: Darwin's sexual selection theory: a forgotten idea: https://bit.ly/2FlQ1Qm -- A HUGE THANK YOU TO MY PATRONS: KARIN LIETZCKE, ANN BLANCHETTE, SCIMED, PER HELGE HAAKSTD LARSEN, LAU GUERREIRO, RUI BELEZA, MIGUEL ESTRADA, ANTÓNIO CUNHA, CHANTEL GELINAS, JIM FRANK, JERRY MULLER, FRANCIS FORD, HANS FREDRIK SUNDE, BRIAN RIVERA, ADRIANO ANDRADE, YEVHEN BODRENKO, SERGIU CODREANU, ADAM BJERRE, ŁUKASZ STAFINIAK, AIRES ALMEIDA, BERNARDO SEIXAS, AND HERBERT GINTIS! A SPECIAL THANKS TO MY PRODUCERS, YZAR WEHBE and ROSEY!

The Common Descent Podcast
Episode 63 - Sexual Selection

The Common Descent Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Jun 16, 2019 114:28


The history of animal life on Earth has been shaped by sex. The struggle to reproduce puts unique evolutionary pressures on species which affect their behavior and even their physical form. Sexual selection is immensely important but trying to sort out the side effects of sex in the fossil record is notoriously tricky. In the news: giant beavers, croc metabolism, schooling fish, and another new croc. Time markers: Intro & Announcements: 00:00:00 News: 00:06:30 Main discussion, Part 1: 00:35:00 Main discussion, Part 2: 01:10:30 Patron question: 01:46:00 The Common Descent Store is open! Get merch! http://zazzle.com/common_descent Check out our blog for bonus info and pictures: http://commondescentpodcast.wordpress.com/ Follow and Support us on: Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/commondescentpodcast Twitter: https://twitter.com/CommonDescentPC Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/commondescentpodcast/ PodBean: https://commondescentpodcast.podbean.com/ iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-common-descent-podcast/id1207586509?mt=2 YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCePRXHEnZmTGum2r1l2mduw The Intro and Outro music is “On the Origin of Species” by Protodome. More music like this at http://ocremix.org. Muscial Interludes are "Professor Umlaut" by Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com). Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

The Dissenter
#38 Monique Borgerhoff Mulder: Evolutionary Anthropology, Gender Roles, Sexual Selection

The Dissenter

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 23, 2019 49:46


------------------Support the channel------------ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thedissenter PayPal: paypal.me/thedissenter ------------------Follow me on--------------------- Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thedissenteryt/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheDissenterYT Dr. Monique Borgerhoff Mulder trained as a social anthropologist at the University of Edinburgh, and received a Ph.D. at Northwestern University. After a post doc at the Evolution and Human Behavior Program at the University of Michigan, she joined the UC Davis Anthropology (Evolutionary Wing) faculty, where she is now a Distinguished Professor. Professor Borgerhoff Mulder is a human behavioral ecologist (HBE) working on projects relating to life history, inequality, natural resource management, and patterned cultural variation. Here, we talk about what is Evolutionary Anthropology; the conciliation between Evolutionary Psychology and Human Behavioral Ecology; the role of biology and culture in determining gender roles; how the studies done with the Pimbwe add nuance to the study of gender roles; the importance of sexual selection in the creation and exaggeration of sexual dimorphisms; what factors influence reproductive skew in humans; the interaction between mating, parenting and subsistence in the behavior directed at offspring; how the number of mates and the number of years spent with each mate influence fitness; mate selection in different ecological conditions; the problem with romanticizing hunter-gatherer and prehistorical peoples. -- A Dra. Monique Borgerhoff Mulder teve formação como antropóloga social na Universidade de Edinburgh, e recebeu um doutoramento pela Universidade de Northwestern. Após um pós-doutoramento no Evolution and Human Behavior Program da Universidade de Michigan, juntou-se à faculdade de Antropologia (Ramo Evolutivo) da UC Davis, onde é agora Professora Honorária. A Professora Borgerhoff Mulder é uma ecologista comportamental humana, trabalhando em projetos relacionados com história de vida, desigualdade, gestão de recursos naturais, e variação cultural padronizada. Aqui, falamos sobre o que é a Antropologia Evolutiva; a conciliação entre a Psicologia Evolutiva e a Ecologia Comportamental Humana; o papel da biologia e da cultura na determinação dos papéis de género; como os estudos feitos na tribo dos Pimbwe dão nuance ao estudo dos papéis de género; a importância da seleção sexual na criação e exagero das dismorfias sexuais; que fatores influenciam a reprodução assimétrica nos humanos; a interação entre acasalamento, parentalidade e subsistência no comportamento dirigido à prole; como é que o número de parceiros e o número de anos partilhados com cada parceiro influenciam o fitness; seleção de parceiro em diferentes condições ecológicas; o problema com a romantização dos caçadores-coletores e povos pré-históricos. -- Follow Dr. Borgerhoff Mulder's work: Faculty page: http://anthropology.ucdavis.edu/people/fzborger Her books: https://www.amazon.com/Monique-Borgerhoff-Mulder/e/B001H6U2MM -- A HUGE THANK YOU TO MY PATRONS: KARIN LIETZCKE, ANN BLANCHETTE, JUNOS, SCIMED, PER HELGE HAAKSTD LARSEN, LAU GUERREIRO, RUI BELEZA, MIGUEL ESTRADA, ANTÓNIO CUNHA, CHANTEL GELINAS, JIM FRANK, JERRY MULLER, FRANCIS FORD, AND HANS FREDRIK SUNDE! I also leave you with the link to a recent montage video I did with the interviews I have released until the end of June 2018: https://youtu.be/efdb18WdZUo And check out my playlists on: PSYCHOLOGY: https://tinyurl.com/ybalf8km PHIL

The Bio Busters
Episode 6 - Bizarre Animal Reproduction

The Bio Busters

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 11, 2018 45:47


Show notes: In the show, The Bio Busters professors, Dr. A and Dr. C, discuss with Conservation Biology Senior Grant Milne about some of the more peculiar reproductive mechanisms in the animal kingdom. Reproduction plays an important role in the diversity and speciation of animals that evolve over time and pass traits to offspring. From platypuses and their unique brood care, to some freaks in the sheets (bedbugs), we touch on a broad range of reproductive strategies in animals that stray dramatically from what we consider the norm. Keep the discussion and comments going on the iTunes review section, or feel free to e-mail the podcast with future show ideas and thoughts on the current show.   Music by Bahaa Naamani Email us at thebiobusters@gmail.com   References:   Angeloni, Lisa. “Sexual Selection in a Simultaneous Hermaphrodite with Hypodermic Insemination: Body Size, Allocation to Sexual Roles, and Paternity.” Animal Behavior, vol. 66, 2003, pp. 417–26, doi:10.1006/anbe.2003.2255. Balcombe, Jonathan. “Sex Lives of Fish.” Natural History, vol. 124, no. 8, Sept. 2016, pp. 22–27. Hawkins, Margaret, and Adam Battaglia. “Breeding Behavior of the Platypus (Ornithorhynchus Anatinus) in Captivity.” Australian Journal of Zoology, vol. 57, no. 3, Oct. 2009, pp. 283–93. Kamimura, Yoshitaka, et al. “Duplicated Female Receptacle Organs for Traumatic Insemination in the Tropical Bed Bug Cimex Hemipterus: Adaptive Variation or Malformation?” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 2, Feb. 2014, pp. 1–9. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089265. Martin, Peer, et al. “The Parthenogenetic Marmorkrebs ( Malacostraca: Decapoda: Cambaridae) Is a Triploid Organism.” Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research, vol. 54, no. 1, Feb. 2016, pp. 13–21. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/jzs.12114. Scholtz, Gerhard, et al. “Ecology: Parthenogenesis in an Outsider Crayfish.” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6925, Feb. 2003, p. 806. Streit, Adrian. “How to Become a Parasite without Sex Chromosomes: A Hypothesis for the Evolution of Strongyloides Spp. and Related Nematodes.” Parasitology, vol. 141, no. 10, May 2018, pp. 1244–54, doi:10.1017/S003118201400064X.

Solicited Advice Podcast
"What is it REALLY all about?"

Solicited Advice Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Sep 7, 2018 83:48


Seg 1- Bro Therapy: the bulldozer runs out of gas; DGAF doesn't listen to his doctor  Seg 2- Sexual Selection in Humans (I know, right?)  Seg 3- How successful was Steve Jobs? Email your issues to SolicitedAdvicePodcast@gmail.com to potentially have them discussed (anonymously) on future shows. (Recorded 9-6-18)

Herpetological Highlights
031 From Tortoise Brutality to Snail-eating Snakes

Herpetological Highlights

Play Episode Listen Later Jul 11, 2018 82:07


Another News Niche episode! We talk about all sorts of things this fortnight: Anolis rebuttals, tortoise criminality, mollusc munching snakes and a little about the snakebite crisis. Naturally the Species of the Bi-week is not neglected, with this week hosting more species than you can snake a slug at. FULL REFERENCE LIST AVAILABLE AT: herphighlights.podbean.com Main Paper References: Bush, JM, and D Simberloff. 2018. “A Case for Anole Territoriality.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72 (7): 111. Kamath, A, and J Losos. 2018. “Reconsidering Territoriality Is Necessary for Understanding Anolis Mating Systems.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72 (7): 106. Golubović, A., Arsovski, D., Tomović, L., & Bonnet, X. (2018). Is sexual brutality maladaptive under high population density?. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 124(3), 394-402. Stamps, JA. 2018. “Polygynandrous Anoles and the Myth of the Passive Female.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72 (7): 107. Yañez-Arenas, C, AT Peterson, P Mokondoko, O Rojas-Soto, and E Martínez-Meyer. 2014. “The Use of Ecological Niche Modeling to Infer Potential Risk Areas of Snakebite in the Mexican State of Veracruz.” PLoS ONE 9 (6). Species of the Bi-Week: Arteaga, A, D Salazar-Valenzuela, K Mebert, N Peñafiel, G Aguiar, JC Sánchez-Nivicela, RA Pyron, et al. 2018. “Systematics of South American Snail-Eating Snakes (Serpentes, Dipsadini), with the Description of Five New Species from Ecuador and Peru.” ZooKeys 766: 79–147. Other Mentioned Papers/Studies: Hoso, M, Y Kameda, S-P Wu, T Asami, M Kato, and M Hori. 2010. “A Speciation Gene for Left–Right Reversal in Snails Results in Anti-Predator Adaptation.” Nature Communications 1 (9): 133. Hutter, C. R., Lambert, S. M., Andriampenomanana, Z. F., Glaw, F., & Vences, M. (2018). Molecular phylogeny and diversification of Malagasy bright-eyed tree frogs (Mantellidae: Boophis). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution. Kamath, A, and J Losos. 2017. “The Erratic and Contingent Progression of Research on Territoriality: A Case Study.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 71 (6): 1–13. Kamath, A, and JB Losos. 2018. “Estimating Encounter Rates as the First Step of Sexual Selection in the Lizard Anolis Sagrei.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285 (1873): 20172244. Le Galliard, J. F., Fitze, P. S., Ferrière, R., & Clobert, J. (2005). Sex ratio bias, male aggression, and population collapse in lizards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(50), 18231-18236. Sazima, I. (1989). Feeding behavior of the snail-eating snake, Dipsas indica. Journal of Herpetology, 23(4), 464-468. Other Links/Mentions: IUCN Redlist: http://www.iucnredlist.org Rainforest trust: https://www.rainforesttrust.org Music: Intro/outro – Treehouse by Ed Nelson Other Music – The Passion HiFi, www.thepassionhifi.com

Herpetological Highlights
026 Assortment of Anoles

Herpetological Highlights

Play Episode Listen Later May 1, 2018 75:22


Long-time friends of herpetologists, anoles have proven a fruitful area of research for decades. This bi-week we discuss a couple of papers examining anole behaviour and colouration before highlighting a newly discovered (and rather spectacular) species. FULL REFERENCE LIST AVAILABLE AT: herphighlights.podbean.com Main Paper References: Kamath, A, and JB Losos. 2018. “Estimating Encounter Rates as the First Step of Sexual Selection in the Lizard Anolis Sagrei.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285 (1873): 20172244. Medina, I, JB Losos, and DL Mahler. 2016. “Evolution of Dorsal Pattern Variation in Greater Antillean Anolis Lizards.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 120 (2): 427–35. Species of the Bi-Week: Gray, L, R Meza-lázaro, S Poe, and AN De Oca. 2016. “A New Species of Semiaquatic Anolis (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from Oaxaca and Veracruz, Mexico.” Herpetological Journal 26 (October): 253–62. Other Mentioned Papers/Studies: Fidler, F, H Fraser, MA Mccarthy, and ET Game. 2018. “Improving the Transparency of Statistical Reporting in Conservation Letters.” Conservation Letters 11 (e12453): 1–4. Galdino, CAB, G Horta, and RJ Young. 2014. “An Update to a Bead-Tagging Method for Marking Lizards.” Herpetological Review 45 (4): 587–89. Kolbe, J. J., Glor, R. E., Schettino, L. R., Lara, A. C., Larson, A., & Losos, J. B. (2004). Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard. Nature, 431(7005), 177. Ríos-Saldaña, CA, M Delibes-Mateos, and C Ferreira. 2018. “Are Fieldwork Studies Being Relegated to Second Place in Conservation Science?” Global Ecology and Conservation, April. Elsevier B.V., e00389. Toda, M., Takahashi, H., Nakagawa, N., & Sukigara, N. (2010). Ecology and control of the green anole (Anolis carolinensis), an invasive alien species on the Ogasawara Islands. In Restoring the oceanic island ecosystem (pp. 145-152). Springer, Tokyo. Wuster, W, CSE Allum, IB Bjargardottir, KL Bailey, KJ Dawson, J Guenioui, J Lewis, et al. 2004. “Do Aposematism and Batesian Mimicry Require Bright Colours? A Test, Using European Viper Markings.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 271 (1556): 2495–99. Other Links/Mentions: Anole Annals blog: http://www.anoleannals.org/ Wildlife, Cake and Cocktails podcast: https://www.facebook.com/WildlifeCakeCocktails/ Morelia Python Radio podcast: http://www.moreliapythonradio.com/ Music: Intro/outro – Treehouse by Ed Nelson Other Music – The Passion HiFi, www.thepassionhifi.com

The Gary Gunn Show Podcast
#6 - Understanding Darwin's Sexual Selection Theory To Evolve Your Dating Strategy

The Gary Gunn Show Podcast

Play Episode Listen Later Mar 15, 2018 8:11


Gary Gunn is a dating-confidence coach, keynote speaker and best-selling author. You can schedule a free consultation call with Gary at the following link: https://calendly.com/garygunn/consultation/ Or visit his Social Attraction website to gain access to his free training pack worth £149; including: - 9 in-depth ways to approach women video course - Meet, attract & date women 3-day audio training - PDF handbook from his live training events https://www.socialattraction.co.uk/ Ok, welcome back to today's episode we'll be looking at Charles Darwin's sexual selection theory which is a concept which he developed later in his later after his world-changing natural section theory. In this episode, we'll specifically be looking at ways in which we can learn to become more attractive to women by looking at his concepts in more detail. Sexual selection theory not only offers us a blueprint to become more attractive to women; it also gives us a map on how to develop our lives further to become more relaxed and confident as men.

WiTcast
WiTcast 59.3 – ตัวเมียมีจู๋ ตัวผู้มีจิ๋ม / Ig Nobel 2017 ต่อ / ประกาศผล WiTgame

WiTcast

Play Episode Listen Later Dec 24, 2017 96:48


Ig Nobel สาขาชีวิวิทยา 2017 พบแมลงถ้ำ ตัวเมียมีจู๋ ตัวผู้มีจิ๋ม อธิบายเรื่อง Sexual Selection และ Sex Role Reversal BIOLOGY PRIZE [JAPAN, BRAZIL, SWITZERLAND] — Kazunori Yoshizawa, Rodrigo Ferreira, Yoshitaka Kamimura, and Charles Lienhard, for their discovery of a female penis, and a male vagina, in a cave insect. REFERENCE: "Female Penis, Male Vagina and Their Correlated Evolution in a Cave Insect," Kazunori Yoshizawa, Rodrigo L. Ferreira, Yoshitaka Kamimura, Charles Lienhard, Current Biology, vol. 24, no. 9, 2014, pp. 1006-1010. สาขาฟิสิกส์ - มอบให้นักวิจัยผู้ใช้พลศาสตร์ของไหลอธิบายว่าแมวเป็นได้ทั้งของแข็งและของเหลว PHYSICS PRIZE [FRANCE, SINGAPORE, USA] — Marc-Antoine Fardin, for using fluid dynamics to probe the question "Can a Cat Be Both a Solid and a Liquid?" REFERENCE: "On the Rheology of Cats," Marc-Antoine Fardin, Rheology Bulletin, vol. 83, 2, July 2014, pp. 16-17 and 30.   FLUID DYNAMICS PRIZE [SOUTH KOREA, USA] — Jiwon Han, for studying the dynamics of liquid-sloshing, to learn what happens when a person walks backwards while carrying a cup of coffee. REFERENCE: "A Study on the Coffee Spilling Phenomena in the Low Impulse Regime," Jiwon Han, Achievements in the Life Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1, 2016, pp. 87-101. ECONOMICS PRIZE [AUSTRALIA, USA] — Matthew Rockloff and Nancy Greer, for their experiments to see how contact with a live crocodile affects a person's willingness to gamble. REFERENCE: "Never Smile at a Crocodile: Betting on Electronic Gaming Machines is Intensified by Reptile-Induced Arousal," Matthew J. Rockloff and Nancy Greer, Journal of Gambling Studies, vol. 26, no. 4, December 2010, pp. 571-81. ANATOMY PRIZE [UK] — James Heathcote, for his medical research study "Why Do Old Men Have Big Ears?" REFERENCE: "Why Do Old Men Have Big Ears?" James A. Heathcote, British Medical Journal, vol. 311, 1995, p. 1668. NUTRITION PRIZE [BRAZIL, CANADA, SPAIN] — Fernanda Ito, Enrico Bernard, and Rodrigo Torres, for the first scientific report of human blood in the diet of the hairy-legged vampire bat REFERENCE: "What is for Dinner? First Report of Human Blood in the Diet of the Hairy-Legged Vampire Bat Diphylla ecaudata," Fernanda Ito, Enrico Bernard, and Rodrigo A. Torres, Acta Chiropterologica, vol. 18, no. 2, December 2016, pp. 509-515. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNwLfRpNHhI https://www.facebook.com/witcastthailand/posts/1719694678093363

MinuteEarth
Why Bird Penises Are So Weird

MinuteEarth

Play Episode Listen Later Oct 25, 2017 3:00


Thanks to 23andMe for sponsoring this video! http://www.23andme.com/minuteearth Male birds have the largest genital diversity of any class of animals because their sex chromosomes make it easy to pass male-helping mutations down the line. Thanks also to our supporters on https://www.patreon.com/MinuteEarth ___________________________________________ To learn more, start your googling with these keywords: Sex chromosome: A chromosome involved in determining the sex of an individual. Cloaca: A posterior orifice that serves as the only exit for the gastrointestinal, urinary and genital tracts. Mutation: An alteration in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. Sexually-selected Trait: A trait based on a mutation that confers a reproductive advantage. BMP4: A protein whose presence halts the growth of bird penises in the egg. ___________________________________________ If you liked this week’s video, you might also like: An article from The Week about some of the strangest penises in the animal kingdom: http://theweek.com/articles/474417/12-weirdest-animal-penises-earth-updated _________________________________________ Subscribe to MinuteEarth on YouTube: http://goo.gl/EpIDGd Support us on Patreon: https://goo.gl/ZVgLQZ And visit our website: https://www.minuteearth.com/ Say hello on Facebook: http://goo.gl/FpAvo6 And Twitter: http://goo.gl/Y1aWVC And download our videos on itunes: https://goo.gl/sfwS6n ___________________________________________ Credits (and Twitter handles): Script Writer: David Goldenberg (@dgoldenberg) Script Editor: Kate Yoshida (@KateYoshida) Video Illustrator: Ever Salazar (@eversalazar) Video Director: Emily Elert (@eelert) Video Narrator: Emily Elert (@eelert) With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Alex Reich, Peter Reich Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder ___________________________________________ References: Brennan, P. and Prum, R. (2015). Mechanisms and Evidence of Genital Coevolution: The Roles of Natural Selection,Mate Choice, and Sexual Conflict. 1-21. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology. Retrieved from: http://cshperspectives.cshlp.org/content/7/7/a017749.abstract Brennan, P. (2013). Genital Evolution: Cock-a-Doodle-Don’t. Current Biology. R523-R525. Retrieved from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982213004430 Brennan, P., Birkhead, T., Zyskowski, K., van der Waagand, J., and Prum, R. (2008). Independent evolutionary reductions of the phallus in basal birds. Journal of Avian Biology, 39: 487-492. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0908-8857.2008.04610.x/abstract. Briskie, J. and Montgomerie, R. (1997). Sexual selection and the intromittent organ of birds. Journal of Avian Biology. 28: 73-86. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3677097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents Herrera, A., Brennan, P., and Cohn, M. (2014). Development of Avian External Genitalia: Interspecific Differences and Sexual Differentiation of the Male and Female Phallus. Sexual Development. 9: 43-52. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25011524. Reinhold, K. (1998). Sex linkage among genes controlling sexually selected traits. Sexual Selection. 44:1-7. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002650050508. Image Credits: Mandarin Ducks - Francis C. Franklin https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pair_of_mandarin_ducks.jpg Gorillas - Based on photo by Wikimedia user No escape https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gorillafamily.JPG Lake Duck Penis - Kevin McCracken (Published in Nature 2001)

BBC Inside Science
Gene-editing human embryos, Spaceman's eyes, Science book prize, Sexual selection in salmon

BBC Inside Science

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 3, 2017 35:36


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the heart condition that can lead to seemingly super-fit athletes collapsing with heart failure. It affects one in 500 people, and is a heritable disorder. Scientists using the precise gene-editing technique, Crispr CAS 9, have identified one of the genes responsible for the disease and 'fixed' it. This is in very early stage human embryos, prior to implantation. Dr. Fredrik Lanner at the Karolinska institute, is a leader in this field and he describes the work as purely at the experimental stages, but the team have managed to overcome various issues with the technique. Despite the obvious benefits of being an astronaut... exploring new worlds, seeing Earth from space, and of course the glory and fame, it can take a real toll on the body. Astronauts' skeletons and muscles deteriorate in zero gravity, their immune system weakens, and they experience nasal congestion and sleep disturbance. Many symptoms persists once they're back on Earth. But, there's another to add to the list, space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome or SANS. Ophthalmologist at Houston Methodist Hospital, Dr Andrew Lee explains that the build-up of fluid in the brain can squeeze the eye and optic nerve and lead to visual disturbance and even vision loss. The shortlist for the Royal Society Insight Investment Science Book Prize 2017 has just been announced. Adam pesters judge Claudia Hammond for the name of the winner (she doesn't tell!) and discusses the criteria for this £25,000 prestigious award. The top 6 books will be featured over the next 6 weeks on BBC Inside Science. Sexual selection - who you decide to have babies with - is usually decided at the dating stage. But the choice does not have to stop at copulation. Post-mating sexual selection is a thing. Mechanisms such as sperm competition, and cryptic female choice, can happen after sex, but before the sperm fertilises the egg. It's not just an internal thing either, it happens in 'external fertilizers', where eggs are laid, and then fertilized by the male sperm outside the female's body, like come fish do in water. Professor Neil Gemmell, at the University of Otago in Dunedin in New Zealand, has been studying just such processes in Chinook salmon. His findings are surprising and could inform us about human reproduction and fertility. Produced by Fiona Roberts.

Sex With Emily
Sexual Selection: How to Pick a Better Partner

Sex With Emily

Play Episode Listen Later Aug 16, 2016 45:38


Do you ever feel like you’re just not getting what you need, from your lovers to lubes to your masturbation routine? In today’s show, Emily gives you the tips you need to vamp up all of your sexual selections! Has a string of unavailable men led you to question your dating type? How do you get back into your masturbation mindset when it seems you’ve lost your way? And how do you revive your lukewarm relationship after a recent infidelity? Emily and Menace share their thoughts on these debacles and discuss their top dating profile dealbreakers. Plus, Emily gives some handy tips to make your finger-foreplay faultless! Whether your lube choices are less than stellar, your partner-picker is broken, or your online bragging is dragging you down, this podcast has the advice you need!

RNZ: Our Changing World
Birds, feather colour – and sex

RNZ: Our Changing World

Play Episode Listen Later May 26, 2016 15:18


Why are some male birds brighter and showier than females of the same species, and sometimes both are bright? Sexual selection, size and living in the tropics are all part of the answer.

RNZ: Our Changing World
Birds, feather colour – and sex

RNZ: Our Changing World

Play Episode Listen Later May 26, 2016 15:18


Why are some male birds brighter and showier than females of the same species, and sometimes both are bright? Sexual selection, size and living in the tropics are all part of the answer.

Here We Are
Sexual Selection + Evolution

Here We Are

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 6, 2016 68:06


with Geoffrey Miller.  Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Here We Are
Sexual Selection + Evolution

Here We Are

Play Episode Listen Later Apr 6, 2016 66:51


with Geoffrey Miller.  Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices