YouTube link: https://youtu.be/HsXxgQy4xLQ Chris Langan is "the world's smartest man" (highest recorded IQ) who invented the Cognitive Theoretic Model of the Universe. Bernardo Kastrup is a computer scientist and philosopher who is a proponent of Analytical Idealism. Both have been on TOE before, and links are below. Sponsors: - Get Exclusive NordVPN deal here ↣ https://nordvpn.com/theories It's risk- free with Nord's 30-day money back guarantee! - Get 20% OFF @manscaped + Free Shipping with promo code [EVERYTHING20] at https://MANSCAPED.com! #manscapedpod - Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch CONTEST: - Physics and Consciousness Contest #PaCE1: https://youtu.be/V93GQaDtv8w LINKS TO GUESTS' WORK: - Chris Langan's CTMU YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/CTMURadio - Chris' Substack: https://chrislangan.substack.com - Chris' CTMU Website: http://www.CTMURadio.com - Bernardo Kastrup's Essentia Foundation: https://www.essentiafoundation.org/ PREVIOUS APPEARANCES: - Chris Langan on TOE: https://youtu.be/N-bRM1kYuNA - BK on TOE: https://youtu.be/lAB21FAXCDE - BK with John Vervaeke: https://youtu.be/UWcTmeAs44I - BK with Sabine Hossenfelder: https://youtu.be/kJmBmopxc1k DEALING WITH THE DARK NIGHT OF THE SOUL: - ACT Therapy podcast (Lilian Dindo): https://youtu.be/L_hI7JNsbt0 - Karl Friston (Part 2): https://youtu.be/SWtFU1Lit3M - Diana Pasulka: https://youtu.be/E5MuTHUbMUs - A H Almaas: https://youtu.be/6JlKf1QAvXA TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Introduction 00:00:00 Is LaMDA alive? Can computers be conscious? 00:06:48 Lambda calculus, the mental world, and the physical 00:13:08 Computation, reality, metaphysics, and Penrose 00:25:53 schopenhauer, the will, and representation 00:35:22 Disagreements on free will and indeterminism 01:01:41 Jesus vs. Buddha vs. Vedics 01:12:34 Consciousness is something we *do*? Consciousness is not important? 01:16:49 Analytical Idealism and other theories 01:19:35 Nondualism and Love as "fundamental" is nonsense 01:24:51 Fear vs. Love 01:32:49 Personal stories of existential dread from Chris and Bernardo 01:45:36 Some truths will eviscerate you. Some lies will utterly deceive you. 01:56:23 Plato's Cave is real, not illusory 02:03:52 What does Chris value most? 02:06:08 What does Bernardo value most? * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
สเต็มเซลล์คืออะไร ร่างกายเอามาจากไหน ฉีดแล้วทำให้หน้าเด็กจริงหรือเปล่า ถ้าอยากเก็บสเต็มเซลล์ของตัวเองตั้งแต่ตอนนี้ยังทันอยู่ไหม และต้องเริ่มต้นอย่างไร ดร.ข้าว ชวนมานั่งฟังเลกเชอร์วิชาสเต็มเซลล์แบบเข้าใจง่าย พร้อมคำอธิบายเรื่องล้ำๆ อย่างการสร้างอวัยวะที่เสื่อมสภาพด้วยสเต็มเซลล์จากร่างกายของเราเอง ซึ่งหากเป็นไปได้ เทคโนโลยีทางการแพทย์ในอนาคตก็จะพัฒนาไปได้ไกลในแบบที่เราอาจคาดไม่ถึง Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Bill is on the phone and we talk about The Twits right off the bat. The Stupid's books were great. The Godfather and Deer Hunter movies are mixed up in Kelley's head. Kelley recommends Claws one final time as a “good bad show.” Bill recommends Banshee as another over the top show. Kelley has a New Wives Tale: You can freeze fresh guacamole!!! Mary ate some rotten beans and might die. We used to have a potato drawer. Mary was very briefly cut off from baked beans. If Bill dies, it's from a cat scratch. Toe update from Bill. Bill's Timely Movie Review: Dirty Dancing edition. Kelley's Hint List! Slipcover fabric hints. Cover holes with patches. Use ammonia on your chandeliers. Umpire Pants Out!
"Toe of Frog" isn't just something from the three witches of MacBeth – frogs are known throughout folklore for having magical properties, and they don't have to involve the removal of any appendages. You might have heard that a toad can remove a wart for example, but did you know that frogs can bring health, protection, success, love and wealth. We'll explore some old folk magic involving frogs and the way that you can bring frog energy into your magic without harming any of those cute little green guys. Hop on over and join Madame Pamita, and you'll even learn the magic of the frog candle for wealth.
From Head to Toe, what I wear from 8 years of trial and error. 50% Off Equip Expo 2022 Registration 2022 Rally @Equip Thanks for listening! Episode links below... https://linktr.ee/lawncarerookie Podcast Merch https://teespring.com/stores/lcr-6 *THANKS to our Podcast Sponsor the Toro Company!
ทำไมเรามักจะจำในสิ่งที่อยากจะลืม แต่กลับลืมในสิ่งที่อยากจำ สิ่งนี้เป็นเหมือนปริศนาธรรมที่หาคำตอบได้ยากไม่แพ้เรื่องไหนๆ เลย Top to Toe เอพิโสดนี้ ดร.ข้าว จะพาทุกคนบุกเข้าไปในสมอง เพื่อไขความลับว่าเราสามารถจดจำเรื่องราวต่างๆ ได้อย่างไร แล้วถ้าอยากจะลบความทรงจำที่เจ็บปวดออกไปบ้าง วิทยาศาสตร์จะช่วยเราได้หรือไม่ Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Undefeated welterweight contender Cody Crowley joins The PBC Podcast this week to discuss his April win over Josesito Lopez, his thoughts on Errol Spence-Terence Crawford and a potential bout versus Eimantas Stanionis. Plus, hosts Kenneth Bouhairie and Michael Rosenthal recap last week's PBC on SHOWTIME card, featuring Danny Garcia's big win over Jose Benavidez Jr. and, in this week's Toe to Toe segment, list the PBC Top Five Pound for Pound Fighters, based on a poll of 22 boxing insiders. For show notes and more info, click here: https://www.premierboxingchampions.com/podcast
LEER EN VERSTAAN HOE DIE HERE ONS GENEES VAN 'N ONGETEMDE EGO!! 80% van al menslike DRAMA is a.g.v. ons ongetemde EGO. The big I in the word sIn. TOE sê Jesus vir sy dissipels: As iemand agter My aan wil kom, moet hy homself verloën en sy kruis opneem en My volg. Want elkeen wat sy lewe wil red, sal dit verloor; maar elkeen wat sy lewe om My ontwil verloor, sal dit vind. Want wat baat dit 'n mens as hy die hele wêreld win, maar aan sy siel skade ly? Of wat sal 'n mens gee as losprys vir sy siel? (Mat 16:24 - 26) Dit is juis hierdie ongetemde EGO van die mens, wat deur die eeue ons meeste probleme van onmin, jaloesie, wedywering, en konflik veroorsaak het. Die probleem is nie dat ons ‘n ego het nie, dit is dat ons dit nie tem nie! U het my getugtig en ek het my laat tugtig soos 'n ongeleerde kalf. Bekeer my, dan sal ek my bekeer, want U is die HERE my God. (Jer 31:18) Preeknotas
We're making our way through the body, Altering Your Health from Head to Toe.Circulatory system, lymph, bones, brain, eyes... next stop: ears!When we think about ears, of course we consider the miracle of hearing, funneling sound waves that are then interpreted by the brain. The vestibular complex of the inner ear is also associated with spatial orientation and balance, something that we may often take for granted unless that system is out of whack (as is the case with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, BPPV)!There is much to say about the nuances of hearing issues, tinnitus, and vestibular issues that cause vertigo and balance problems. However, the focus in this week's episode is the common ear infection, otitis media, much more common in children, warranting 1 out of 3 visits to the pediatricians office.Chronic and recurrent ear infections are so common in kiddos, but completely avoidable! We discuss the risk factors, root causes, and natural treatment options to avoid the more common and invasive treatments such as antibiotics and surgical implantation of ear tubes.As always, you can join us live each Monday at 12 PT / 3 ET on the Alter Health YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's episode on EARS...The anatomy of the ear canal, ear drum, inner ear, and eustachian tubeThe links that breast feeding, dairy consumption, and other environmental and lifestyle factors have with ear infectionsWhy allergies and frequent upper respiratory infections (URIs) can be linked to recurrent ear infectionsSome natural treatment considerations to avoid antibiotic usage and ear tubesThe most important nutrients to support immune status and healthy ear canalsLinks to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com/- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
YouTube link: https://youtu.be/03ReIvXKrrU Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: - Physics and Consciousness Contest: https://youtu.be/V93GQaDtv8w - Dialect's video on Newton's Bucket: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jz3mOlUOGoY - Brian Roberts (physicist and philosopher): https://personal.lse.ac.uk/robert49/ - The Monk and the Philosopher: https://amzn.to/3Bva2mf - More on the Gödel Universe: https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/15/1/013063 TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Introduction 00:00:00 Inner World (conscious experience) vs. Outer World (physics) 00:05:35 Buddha's Parable of the Poison Arrow 00:11:05 Philosophy and Physics should be merged 00:13:33 No one wants to say that the Buddha was wrong 00:19:30 Scientifically studying "enlightenment" 00:23:29 When to stop taking psychedelics ("when you get the call, hang up!") 00:25:17 What is Loop Quantum Gravity? 00:36:39 Wheeler DeWitt equation 00:44:48 Self Dual and Anti Self Dual 00:48:16 Hodge Dual and the Metric 00:52:06 Linearized Gravity 00:55:32 Quantum Gravity 01:03:22 Einstein vs. Schrödinger (the behind the scenes scuffle) 01:09:24 Technical details of quantizing geometry 01:13:41 What is Yang Mills theory? 01:20:52 Tetrads and Vierbeins 01:24:26 Roger Penrose's approach to quantum gravity (Twistor Theory) 01:26:44 Einstein's "Hole argument" 01:40:48 Mach's Principle 01:49:04 Singularities and Black Holes 02:12:18 Quantum Bounce (the "Ashtekar Bounce") 02:23:07 Pure and Mixed Quantum Mechanical States 02:26:38 Black Holes and Event Horizons 02:42:09 ADM Decomposition 02:43:55 The Gödel Universe, Time Travel, and Closed Timelike Curves 02:52:38 Salvatore Pais asks about the Superforce 02:56:13 The universe before the Big Bang 03:01:44 String Theory vs. Loop Quantum Gravity 03:17:31 Ed Witten disses Loop Quantum Gravity and Ashtekar responds 03:21:14 Duality between String theory and LQG? 03:25:20 The Philosopher and the Monk * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Johannes 8:31,32 Toe sê Jesus vir die Jode wat in Hom glo: “As julle aan my woorde getrou bly, is julle waarlik my dissipels; en julle sal die waarheid ken, en die waarheid sal julle vrymaak.”Was jy al in ‘n situasie waar jy bereid was om omtrent enigiets te doen om jou standpunt te staaf? Dit gebeur die hele tyd, en ons trap tot ons eie nadeel so maklik in daardie slagyster.Dr William McBride was 'n prominente Australiese verloskundige wat in 1961 'n groot rol gespeel het in die ontdekking van die middel talidomied wat as middel teen oggendsiekte voorgeskryf is. Op ‘n stadium was hy as ‘n held beskou. Dit het egter baie ernstige geboortedefekte by swanger vroue veroorsaak. In 1989 is hy skuldig bevind aan wetenskaplike bedrog deur die vervalsing van sy mediese navorsingsresultate.Die mediese tribunaal het bevind, dat dr McBride se poging om sy bedrog te verberg, uiters laakbaar was. Dis onnodig om te verduidelik dat hy van sy roem gestroop is. Hoe gebeur so iets? Dit gebeur omdat ons desperaat wil hê dat iets wáár moet wees, wanneer dit nie is nie en gevolglik ignoreer ons die feite.En jy sien dit deesdae in die afgelope paar jaar keer op keer gebeur in gevalle waar daar gedurende die COVID-pandemie mense mislei is en die waarheid verduister is, sodat baie mense hul lewens onnodig verloor het.Die probleem ontstaan wanneer, andersins hoogs intelligente mense, gedryf word deur 'n irrasionele begeerte om uitkomste te bewys wat hulle wil glo, ten spyte van wat die data sê.Jesus het, alhoewel in 'n heel ander konteks, hierdie beginsel uiteengesit:Johannes 8:31,32 Toe sê Jesus vir die Jode wat in Hom glo: “As julle aan my woorde getrou bly, is julle waarlik my dissipels; en julle sal die waarheid ken, en die waarheid sal julle vrymaak.”Wat is die beginsel? Jy moet die waarheid ken voordat dit jou kan vrymaak. Moenie die feite ignoreer nie.Dis God se Woord. Vars. . . vir jou . . . vandag.Enjoying The Content?For the price of a cup of coffee each month, you can enable Christianityworks to reach 10,000+ people with a message about the love of Jesus!DONATE R50 MONTHLY
เคยเป็นไหม? ส่องกระจกทีไร เห็นรอยย่นและรอยตีนกาบนใบหน้าแล้วปวดใจทุกที จะยิ้มกว้างถ่ายเซลฟีลงโซเชียลก็ทำเอาหมดความมั่นใจ ต้องมาคอยใช้แอปแต่งรูปลบริ้วรอยทุกที ไม่ต้องกังวลไป เพราะนวัตกรรม ‘โบท็อกซ์' ช่วยได้ แต่ปัญหาคือ บางคนยังกังวลเรื่องความปลอดภัย ฉีดแล้วจะหน้าแข็งเกินไปไหม แล้วต้องฉีดไปเรื่อยๆ ตลอดชีวิตเลยหรือเปล่า มาหาคำตอบกันได้ในเอพิโสดนี้ Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
YouTube link: https://youtu.be/V93GQaDtv8w Announcing a contest for physics and / or consciousness. Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: - The results from 3Blue1Brown's epochal contest (SoME#1): https://www.3blue1brown.com/blog/some1-results - Form for Submission to #PaCE1: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfeYb0k8wr14WkMWYaeYpw6iiygOqA-Jwi_YMNPgRVJzMPOoQ/viewform - Discord: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs - Subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/TheoriesOfEverything/ - Story of Loop Quantum Gravity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9jYH5VIF9E - Richard Borcherd's Leech Lattice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycpmMnO3-Uk - Donald Hoffman (“Nothing You See Is Real”): https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=UWHYThrfRYU - Dirac's Belt Loop Trick: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACZC_XEyg9U - Why You Can't Solve Quintic Equations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCU9tZ2VkWc - Physics Videos by Eugene Khutoryansky: https://www.youtube.com/user/EugeneKhutoryansky - Quantum Sense: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjZeJQVSkkydgZmSUucB9kA - A Swift Introduction to Geometric Algebra: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60z_hpEAtD8 TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Announcing #PaCE1 00:00:00 The Point? 00:02:54 Tips 00:03:09 Physics Examples 00:04:13 Consciousness Examples 00:06:20 The Rules 00:07:12 Video Styles 00:08:24 Criteria For Winning 00:11:43 Miscellaneous Channels 00:09:25 Specific YouTube Examples * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Episode 19 features Dr. April Schachtel and Dr. Katherine Stiff reviewing the following recent publications:"Opportunities to improve guideline adherence for the diagnosis and treatment of onychomycosis: analysis of commercial insurance claims data, United States.” Gold, Jeremy AW, et al. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2022): S0190- 9622."Twitter as a tool for nail education." Nickles, Melissa A., et al. JAAD international 8 (2022): 64-65."Characteristics, Associated Diseases, and Management of Gram negative Toe-web Infection: A French Experience." Goiset, Anne, et al. Acta Dermato-Venereologica 99.12 (2019)
As with anything else in the body, the health of the eyes depends upon circulation and vascular health to deliver nutrients and remove waste/toxicity.When it comes to eye health there are many important considerations to maintain optimal vision and prevent or reverse eye conditions such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataracts, etc. In this Medicinal Monday episode as we Alter Your Health from Head to Toe we discuss some anatomy and physiology of the eye which helps us to understand how we can eat and live in a way to optimize eye health and function.There is SO much research that supports the benefits of increasing consumption of nutrient-dense whole plant foods and lowering toxic load, cholesterol, and saturated fats from diet. Additionally, we share some other helpful lifestyle considerations including hydrotherapy and "eye exercises" that promote health at any point in life.Of course, when it comes to eyes, there are many genetic and anatomical variations that exist between people leading to myopia (near-sighted), hyperopia (far-sighted), and astigmatism (variation of eye curvature). These refractive issues are generally corrected with glasses, lenses, or surgery such as LASIK or PRK. These common conditions are not the subject of today's episode.As always, you can join us live each Monday at 12 PT / 3 ET on the Alter Health YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's episode on EYES...Eyes are actually extension of the brain - the optic nerve that decodes the signals detected by "rod" and "cone" photoreceptors on the retinaWhen we look at the retina during an ophthalmic exam we are able to directly see the blood vessels that make up the microvascular system in the eyeDiabetes (insulin resistance), high cholesterol, and high blood pressure can all cause "retinopathy" which causes the damage of retinal tissue in the eye over time leading to conditions like age-related macular degeneration and glaucomaCataracts are opacities in the lens of the eye generally caused by eye trauma, oxidative injury (excessive UV light), or nutritional deficiency (antioxidants like vit C)Numerous phytonutrients (nutrients from PLANTS) have been proven to protect against eye diseases such as Vit C, Vit E, lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-carotene, and moreThere are basic "eye exercises" to support eye health such as regularly shifting from up-close vision (screens!) to more expansive panoramic vision (nature!) as well as generally tracking objects up close and far away (playing catch, watching birds fly, tracking objects in nature, etc)Links to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com/- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
It's fight week on The PBC Podcast as former two-division world champion Danny Garcia faces the determined Jose Benavidez Jr. this Saturday, July 30, at Brooklyn's Barclays Center in a Premier Boxing Champions event on SHOWTIME. Along with a breakdown of the entire televised card, hosts Kenneth Bouhairie and Michael Rosenthal list their five favorite Danny Garcia bouts on Toe to Toe. For show notes and more info, click here: https://www.premierboxingchampions.com/podcast
ทำไมกินเหล้าแล้วต้องแฮงก์ เหตุผลอะไรที่ทำให้บางคนคอแข็ง หลายขวดก็ยังไม่เมา แต่บางคนแค่ดื่มนิดเดียวก็เริ่มตัวแดง เมาเร็วกว่าเพื่อน แล้วถ้าสนุกเพลินจนภาพตัดไปเลยล่ะ จะเป็นอย่างไร? ดร.ข้าว จะมาไขปริศนาให้ฟังกันว่า แอลกอฮอล์ที่เราดื่มเข้าไปมันทำอะไรกับร่างกายบ้าง แล้วความรู้ทางวิทยาศาสตร์จะมีวิธีช่วยจัดการกับอาการปวดหัวหลังดื่มแอลกอฮอล์ที่แสนทรมานได้ไหม Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Friday – We recap Josh Hawley's jog out of the Capital on Jan. 6. What do your bumper stickers tell crooks about you? A worker at Walgreens did not sell condoms to a married couple for religious reasons and Walgreens was ok with that. Amy Drew Thompson calls from the beach to talk Art's Sandwich Shop celebrating 50 years, the return of Magical Dining, and the Toe of Satan. Plus, WOKE News, Trivia & Last Call.
Welcome to Witch Whispers, our weekly minisode series coming to you every Wednesday. Each week, Leigh and Lori will take turns picking a bite-sized magical topic to hold you over until our full-length Friday episode.This week, Lori goes Shakespearian to uncover the hidden meaning behind infamous potion ingredients like Eye of Newt and Toe of Frog.TO VIEW A COMPLETE LIST OF OUR RESOURCES, PLEASE VISIT OUR WEBSITE.MERCH! MERCH! MERCH!Support the show
Some things in the body are quite mysterious - hidden, out of sight, and rarely talked about.The Lymphatic System is certainly one of these not-so-popular aspects of the body, but that's not to say it doesn't have a vitally important role in maintaining our physiologic balance! In fact so many chronic issues have their roots in sluggish and sub-optimal lymphatic circulation, The Lymphatic System is often referred to as the "sewage system" of the body. This crude comparison isn't too far off. Lymphatic vessels soak up fluid outside of cells and deliver it back to the circulatory system. This open system operates at very low pressure, and has a tendency to become sluggish and even stagnant under improper conditions (sedentary, dehydrated, high fat, etc).In today's Medicinal Monday episode as we Alter Health from Head to Toe we explain the dynamics of the lymphatic system, its interconnectedness with other organs like the liver, immune system, and circulatory system, and most importantly cover the top tips to keep lymphatics moving smoothly to prevent health issues.As always, you can join us live each Monday at 12 PT / 3 ET on the Alter Health YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's episode on LYMPHATICS...How the lymphatic system works as a security system, protecting us against pathogens, toxins, cancerous cells and much more. It also serves as a sewer system, carrying out waste products from cells, and delivery fluid back into the blood stream. The unique mechanism by which dietary fat is absorbed and transported through the body.The many symptoms/conditions associated with lymphatic congestion (edema, compromised immunity, cancer, fatigue, toxin accumulation, and more).How the most basic daily habits such as hydration, movement, and nutrient dense nutrition naturally low in fat support lymphatic circulation - along with a few additional lymph moving therapeutic strategies.Links to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com/- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
Toe spacers!! Lol this is a trend that has caught on in Crossfit, and should catch on in MMA. Take care of yo' feet! We are Freestylin' in this episode and we cover some peripheral exercises and supplements, grading your return to play from low back pain, and opportunity cost in strength and conditioning. We hit a lot on “functional” ...
เคยสงสัยไหม ทำไมบางคนอายุยังน้อย แต่ถูกทักบ่อยๆ ว่าแก่เกินวัย หรือบางคนอายุมากแล้ว แต่ยังดูฟิตเปรี๊ยะกว่าอายุจริงเป็นสิบปี นั่นก็เพราะร่างกายของเรามีสิ่งที่เรียกว่า Biological Age หรืออายุทางชีวภาพ มาลองสำรวจตัวเองกันดีกว่า คุณใช้ร่างกายหนักเกินไปหรือเปล่า แล้ว Biological Age ของเราตอนนี้ไหลเกินอายุจริงไปเท่าไรแล้ว ดร.ข้าว จะพาไปไขความลับของร่างกายในประเด็นนี้ให้ฟัง Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Today, we discuss that The 2023 NDAA is shaking the #UAP #UFO conversation, and yes, more acronyms come with that! Including The Unidentified Areo Space-Undersea Phenomena Joint Program Office! Mick West debates Eric Weinstein on TOE, and it was an AMAZING discussion that is mainly ignored by #ufotwitter. Finally, NASA revealed the first images from the James Webb Telescope and did it with the most awkward press conference ever. Come aboard. Let's get weird! All UCR Social Media Links: https://linktr.ee/LuAngeles Link for Rather B. Squidding: https://twitter.com/BSquidding Link for UFO Jane Kyle: https://twitter.com/TxUFOSightings
Coleman sat down to interview Curt Jaimungal on "what is death?" and one of the deepest philosophical conundrums; the reference class problem. Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: - Coleman Hughes' channel / podcast: https://www.youtube.com/ColemanHughesOfficial - Garry Nolan: https://youtu.be/g3bk1UXjKLI - Salvatore Pais: https://youtu.be/5E6QyAhTB3o TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Introduction 00:02:20 Everything is quantum mechanical 00:04:24 Podcasts have replaced universities 00:06:49 What is going on with UFOs? 00:11:06 The skeptic strawmans by saying ""unidentified" therefore "aliens"" 00:15:27 Are the sightings just "contagion"? 00:21:44 Consciousness role in fundamental reality 00:24:51 The "hard problem" of consciousness 00:29:29 Consciousness' inherently mysterious quality 00:35:05 Life isn't what needs explaining. Death does. 00:49:24 Identity and the Self 00:55:53 The Reference Class problem 00:59:22 Will the Sun rise tomorrow? Issues in the philosophy of probability 01:04:05 Outtro with Coleman * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Former unified heavyweight champion Andy Ruiz Jr. joins The PBC Podcast to discuss changes he's made and what the future holds as he prepares to face Luis Ortiz in a big-time heavyweight clash Saturday, September 4 at Crypto.com Arena in Los Angeles, live on FOX Sports Pay-Per-View. Also, a look back at last week's entire PBC on SHOWTIME card, including the changing of the guard at featherweight as Rey Vargas dethroned Mark Magsayo. Plus, the return of Adrien Brother and hosts Kenneth Bouhairie and Michael Rosenthal go Toe to Toe over three mythical matchups. For show notes and more info, click here: https://www.premierboxingchampions.com/podcast
เมลาโทนิน ตัวช่วยคนนอนไม่หลับยอดฮิตที่หลายคนนิยมซื้อมารับประทาน แต่รู้กันหรือเปล่าว่าจริงๆ แล้วเมลาโทนินไม่ใช่ยานอนหลับ แถมร่างกายของเรายังสามารถสร้างฮอร์โมนตัวนี้ขึ้นมาได้เองอีกต่างหาก ถ้าไม่ใช่ยานอนหลับ แล้วเมลาโทนินทำงานกับร่างกายเราอย่างไร กินแล้วทำให้นอนหลับได้ดีจริงหรือเปล่า กินมากๆ จะเกิดผลเสียไหม แล้วถ้าอยากสร้างเมลาโทนินเองโดยไม่พึ่งยา ต้องปรับพฤติกรรมอย่างไรให้นอนหลับสบายแบบเต็มตื่น Top to Toe เอพิโสดนี้มีคำตอบ Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Eric and Mick discuss UFOs and the evidence behind them. Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: - Mick's YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/MickWest - Crash Course on Physics by Curt: https://youtu.be/e8kyvdPP8os - The Portal (Eric's podcast): https://www.youtube.com/EricWeinsteinPhD - The Tales From the Rabbit Hole (Mick's podcast): https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/tales-from-the-rabbit-hole/id1462120258 - Need to Know (Ross Coulthart's podcast with Zabel): https://www.youtube.com/BryceZabel and https://needtoknow.today/ TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Introduction 00:03:12 What does Mick respect about Eric? 00:04:20 What does Eric respect about Mick? 00:05:24 What does Curt respect about each 00:06:55 Skeptic vs. Debunker (Mick... which are you?) 00:09:32 Salutary role of skepticism and Eric's thoughts on Mick 00:14:53 The "woo" that's concomitant with UFO research 00:19:00 UFO research isn't a "hobby" 00:23:34 Mick's "agenda" (or non-agenda) 00:25:19 There's no convincing data on UFOs available to the public 00:30:58 The "superposition" argument: Exotic explanations that Mick entertains 00:35:03 Where is the evidence? 00:36:28 Outlying data points matter 00:40:07 Some debunkers stifle the UFO community, but not all debunkers 00:43:34 What's the disagreement between Eric and Mick 00:45:50 Mick has changed his mind about UFOs 00:50:38 CE5 and invitations to Skin Walker (would Mick / Eric go?) 00:53:26 Cattle mutilation? Remote viewing? 01:06:14 Classifying different UFO craft 01:07:31 Why are there so many sober UFO witnesses? 01:09:22 Brandon Fugal's story 01:16:46 UFOs as "technology" vs. "new physics" 01:23:37 The secret history of anti-gravity research with Lefschetz and DeWitt 01:30:58 What terrene explanations are left? 01:41:26 Eric's "sighting" in 1988... 01:44:57 The Skin Walker TV show doesn't help the stigma 01:46:30 Does Brandon have any high quality data points he's not releasing? 01:47:45 Opinions on Bob Lazar 01:48:52 The opprobrium because of stigma is too much. Most can't handle it. 01:51:45 Clearing the air: the Twitter squabble between Eric and Mick 01:54:11 The opprobrium thrown at people who have first hand accounts (continued) 01:58:46 Defending claims made without physical evidence 02:03:05 Some conspiracies are real 02:07:56 Rectifying the ridicule in ufology (from both sides) 02:21:41 What does Eric think should happen, to precipitate disclosure? 02:24:48 What does Mick think should happen, to precipitate disclosure? 02:27:21 Eric asks Curt: "What do you want to see happen?" 02:33:32 Is it so improbable we're visited? If it was us, we would visit other species. * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Many associate Brain and Mind as one and the same.The brain is the organ that rests inside the skull. It's like a computer made up neurons that wire the entirety of the physical body to control autonomic and somatic functions.Mind is the universal wisdom, energy, and inspiration that animates all of life. It is the more spiritual essence alive in us all and thriving in every moment.Of course there is a Brain-Mind connection, as the non-local mind lives in brain cells, as well as every other cell and fragment of the universe.On Medicinal Monday's Alter Your Health from Head to Toe we discussed optimizing the physiology of the brain addressing the common issues of vascular health, metabolic function, and toxicity associated with such issues like brain fog, stroke, and age related cognitive decline, or dementia.In today's Wisdom Wednesday where we share Insights from Head to Toe, we draw the connections between Mind and Brain. Of course, the ever-shifting state of the nervous system feeds back to effect neurophysiology. We share our insights around the mindset to optimize cognitive clarity as we age in today's episode.Join the conversations live on YouTube every Wednesday: https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's WW episode...⁃How physiologic stress causes a state of confusion or lack of clarity⁃Chronic stress leads to chronic inflammation (including neuroinflammation), manifesting as symptoms of brain fog, as well as cognitive decline⁃Chronic stress increase the progression of atherosclerosis and insulin resistance, two of the major risk factors of Alzheimers. ⁃Age-related cognitive decline may be a symptom of our refusal to deal with the world- Memory issues or brain fog are a way we can distract ourselves from a world we cannot acceptLinks to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com- Stay connected on Telegram: https://t.me/alterhealth- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
Sometimes we never realize how important something is until it's gone...Brain health and cognitive function is certainly a quintessential example of this.While the acute symptom of brain fog can come and go day to day, it can be super aggravating and frustrating! Of course, conventional medicine has zero answers to address this symptom, though natural medicine certainly does! We are excited to discuss in today's episode.When it comes to more chronic conditions like strokes, Alzheimer's disease, and general "age related cognitive decline" are all so sadly normal in today's world. Like so many conditions, they do not need to be normal - they are all optional! Such cognitive issues are generally preventable, and to some degree reversible with proper nutritional and lifestyle considerations. As the old adage goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.As we traverse the body in our Alter Your Health from Head to Toe series of the podcast, we are excited to share the powerful nutritional and lifestyle science that supports optimal brain health and cognitive function.Today, we discuss reversing brain fog while preventing strokes and maintaining sharp cognition as we age. As you might presume, food and nutritional status is hugely important, but there is so much more to keeping your brain healthy!SPRING CLEANSE! Starting July 17th - registration deadline July 15th. Love your liver like never before as you take your health and energy to the next level! Register at www.alter.health/cleanseAs always, you can join us live each Monday at 12 PT / 3 ET on the Alter Health YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's episode on the BRAIN...The brain makes up only 2% of body mass, but utilizes ~20% of body's oxygen and energy supply - fuel and circulation are important!Neurons are wrapped in fatty acids called the myelin sheath that serves to insulate neurons for optimal conduction - omega-3 status ensures healthy brain insulation.Brain cells are fed by an incredibly complex network of thousands of miles of tiny blood vessels - oxidative damage, cholesterol plaques, and suboptimal circulation impede proper blood flow while a complete blockage will cause a (ischemic) strokeBrain fog is often a result of systemic inflammation stemming from digestive issues (leaky gut) and/or immune imbalance, but could also be the result of acute low-level toxicity (chemicals in food, air, water)Alzheimer's disease and age related cognitive decline are generally due to heavy metal toxicity, micro-infarcts (mini-strokes) over time, insulin resistance (from high dietary saturated fat), and general poor circulation (oxidative damage to blood vessels)Human connection, relationships, learning new tasks, puzzles, walking (or other "cross-crawl" activities ) are important on creating neuroplasticity and maintaining cognitive performanceLinks to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com/- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
Hello Everyone well well well I have a new mix. It's not super long, but I had to post something up for my listeners. I appreciate all of you that listen. Tell all your friends family to check out the new mix. Feel free to download share with whomever you like. I hope you all have a wonderful 4th of July. Be safe keep all your fingys & Toe toes. smell you all next month thanks again for listening and supporting man podcast again I aappreciate all of you! bye 1) colossus - Dunk 2) Gotta Know Something - Log1n 3) I Try - Jenks & 7age 4) Original Rudeboy - Sublow Hz 5) Fair & Square - Sublow Hz 6) Busted (Submotive Remix)- Future Cut 7) Late Funk - Minor Forms 8) Sinking Deeper - Minor Forms & Zero T 9) Absolutely True - DLR & Break 10) Bubble & Squeak - Unkoded 11) Jungle Tech - Tweaks 12) Toxic - Iamdoomed 13) Time to Think of Something Better - Mage 14) Global Love (Dj Marky Remix) - High Contrast 15) On a Mission - The Sauce 16) Round the Corner - The Sauce 18) Blessy - Amoss 19) Remember When (Winslow Remix) - High Contrast 20) Movement Theory - Minor Forms 21) False Spring - Quadrant & Iris
กัญชา นำมาทำอาหารได้จริงไหม กินแค่ไหนให้พอดี ถ้าเสพติดต้องทำอย่างไร ฯลฯ สารพัดคำถามจากการบริโภคกัญชาที่หลายคนอยากรู้และอยากลอง แต่ยังไม่กล้า เพราะเกรงกลัวผลเสียมากกว่าผลดี นี่จึงเป็นเหตุผลที่ทำให้เกิดเอพิโสดนี้ ‘กัญชา 101' เรื่องของกัญชาที่ทุกคนควรรู้ ดร.ข้าว พร้อมมาบอกเล่าข้อมูลแบบย่อยง่าย ได้สาระเน้นๆ กันเช่นเคย Top to Toe พอดแคสต์สุขภาพที่ใช้วิทยาศาสตร์ไขปัญหาตั้งแต่หัวจรดเท้า ดำเนินรายการโดย ดร.ข้าว ต้นสมบูรณ์
Laurens, Stefan en Thomas gaan verder. Nog even vanuit het mooie Vlaanderen, alwaar de menage á trois vertoeft voor Flanders Gravel. Toe maar.De heertjes spreken over Bauke, over Mo, over Yves en over de modeshow die de Tour de France heet. De toptien van de dag wordt besproken en er is gelukkig ook ruimte voor wat Live Slow vibes. En hoe zat het ook alweer met Pacman? Je hoort het allemaal, in de Live Slow Ride Fast podcast.
YouTube link: https://youtu.be/J6eJ44Jq_pw Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: Curt's AMA #:3 https://youtu.be/SX9q2D6b5bc Karl Friston #2: https://youtu.be/SWtFU1Lit3M Karl Friston #1: https://youtu.be/2v7LBABwZKA Michael Levin: https://youtu.be/Z0TNfysTazc TIMESTAMPS: 0:00:00 Introduction 00:03:20 Michael Levin answers: "What do you respect about Chris / Karl?" 00:04:45 Chris Fields answers: "What do you respect about Michael / Karl?" 00:05:45 Karl Friston answers: "What do you respect about Chris / Michael?" 00:07:46 Self organization / Autopoiesis / Why does life form? 00:12:11 How does cognition emerge from smaller parts? 00:14:18 Why do we see "things" independent from one another? Why in space / time? 00:18:40 Relationship between cognition and consciousness 00:22:03 The Meta Hard Problem 00:30:37 Why is complexity associated with "awareness"? 00:35:56 Is society one large brain, with each person acting as a neuron? 00:44:17 Duality between: Did you act on the world? Or did the world act on you? 00:51:32 Babbling, and becoming a "self" 01:11:22 "300 milliseconds" is a special unit of time for consciousness 01:15:49 Quantum Babbling 01:21:49 The difference between "randomness" and "quantum randomness" 01:30:03 The difference between "external" and "internal" are both real and illusory 01:33:41 Studying consciousness / the self and the concomitant existential dread 01:48:19 Michael Levin: "Something important goes all the way down" 01:51:12 Science starts with faith * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
The boys drink and review Sweet Baby Swirl, a chocolate peanut butter white stout, by DuClaw, then discuss various common phrases of dubious origin. Close but no cigar. The whole nine yards. At the drop of a hat. Pushing the envelope. Best foot forward. Spitting image. In the nick of time. Pudding time. Beyond the pale. Jump on the bandwagon. Get off your high horse. Living high on the hog. Mad as a hatter. Toe the line. Crossing a red line. Dressed to the nines. Up to scratch. The bees knees. Apple of my eye. Therein lies the rub. Okay. Cat got your tongue. Turn a blind eye. Bit the bullet. P&C review and comment on these sayings and try to probe possible origins.
Our boy Tury joins us for episode 84 where he tells us about the dad life and his daddy life plus he tells about his type, working in the industry, why he hasn't jumped on OnlyFans he and shows us his Portuguese side (supposedly). Follow me on socials @ AaronScene and watch the full video below! Onlyfans.com/aaronscene
Maintaining strong bones with high density is an important part of healthy and resilient aging. It is very common to lose bone mineral density with age, slipping into osteopenia or osteoporosis. These conditions are associated with increased risk of fracture and poorer quality of life - definitely something we should consider preventing or reversing!Bone health is the topic of today's Medicinal Monday episode of the Alter Your Health from Head to Toe series of the podcast.As with just about anything else in the body, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. This is especially true with bone health and bone mineral density. However, we can always rebuild healthy bone despite our age. This is obvious and evident by merely witnessing the regneneration and healing of a fractured bone. New bone cells are laid down in a mineralized matrix to create what is called a callous, or a healed fused bone.When it comes to bone health, society has been programmed to believe it all comes down to one mineral - calcium. This couldn't be further from the truth. Of course when it comes to bone mineralization, calcium is essential, but so are all other minerals, many vitamins, and so much more!We break it all down today's episode.As always, you can join us live each Monday at 12 PT / 3 ET on the Alter Health YouTube Channel! https://www.youtube.com/alterhealthSome highlights from today's episode on BONES..We are told that bone health has everything to do with CALCIUM which is best sourced from DAIRY - but this is likely due to influence of dairy industry on public health policy, not science-basedMore dairy consumption is associated with weaker bone and fracture risk, along with all sorts of other chronic diseaseTo build strong bones we need calcium, but also all other trace minerals, vitamin K, vitamin D, anti-inflammatory/alkaline environment, and weight-bearing activity (maybe most important!)Bones grow under stress - using muscles pulls on bones, signaling them to grow strongerFor people who want to ensure they are getting enough calcium (and other minerals) to grow strong bones, it is best to eat more leafy greens (or consider a marine algae supplement like spirulina or chlorella) Links to some more good stuff- Join Alter Health on Locals: https://alterhealth.locals.com/- Cleanse with Us during the next Alter Health Cleanse: https://www.alter.health/cleanse- Work with us in the Thrive on Plants program: https://www.alter.health/thrive-on-plants- ATTN Health Practitioners! Learn more and apply to the Plant Based Mind Body Practitioner Program: https://www.alter.health/pbmb-practitionerPeace and Love.
YouTube link: https://youtu.be/SX9q2D6b5bc Sponsor: Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/TOE for 20% off Patreon: https://patreon.com/curtjaimungal Crypto: https://tinyurl.com/cryptoTOE PayPal: https://tinyurl.com/paypalTOE Twitter: https://twitter.com/TOEwithCurt Discord Invite: https://discord.com/invite/kBcnfNVwqs iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/ca/podcast/better-left-unsaid-with-curt-jaimungal/id1521758802 Pandora: https://pdora.co/33b9lfP Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/4gL14b92xAErofYQA7bU4e Subreddit r/TheoriesOfEverything: https://reddit.com/r/theoriesofeverything Merch: https://tinyurl.com/TOEmerch LINKS MENTIONED: - Karl Friston: https://youtu.be/SWtFU1Lit3M - A H Almaas: https://youtu.be/6JlKf1QAvXA - Diana Pasulka: https://youtu.be/E5MuTHUbMUs - Generation Zed interviews Curt: https://youtu.be/IjZlb2bGrgE - Crash Course on Physics: https://youtu.be/e8kyvdPP8os - Jordan Peterson interviews Curt: https://youtu.be/LbZ9OxrLTVM - Carlo Rovelli: https://youtu.be/r_fUPbBNmBw - Request for Greer to come on TOE: annakramer [at] siriusdisclosure.com - The Order of Time by Carlo Rovelli: https://amzn.to/3ISZYo7 - The Master and His Emissary by Iain McGilchrist: https://amzn.to/325VKso - Gödel Escher Bach: https://amzn.to/3nipKbT - Raymond Smullyan (Curt reads): https://youtu.be/P-jh6tRh3Jw - April Fools (Ranking Each TOE): https://youtu.be/QOV1pcSOoZ4 - April Fools (Announcements): https://youtu.be/a5hp-7sGo0A - Rupert Spira: https://youtu.be/ocP6JSyicY0 - Curt's first AMA: https://youtu.be/DlxQwwmT9Ks - Curt's second AMA: https://youtu.be/0sYUevp41N4 TIMESTAMPS: 00:00:00 Curt's Myers Brigg Personality Type / Psychedelics / Mass Hallucination 00:02:37 Meditation / How To Learn Physics? / Rigor of the TOE Podcast / Stages of Learning 00:11:33 Prepping for the Podcast / Nootropics / Fasting / Gauge Theory 00:19:20 Wolfram and Pais "Blackholes" / Curt Writing a Book? / Judgemental Hidebounding Words 00:25:38 How Has TOE Changed You? / Purpose of Life and Jungian Integration 00:28:32 What is Time? / Pros and Cons of TOE / Sleep Deprivation 00:33:55 What Microphone Do You Use? / What Do You Use to Write? 00:35:26 How Quick Can You Study a "TOE"? / Violently Shaken Beliefs / What Keeps You Going? 00:40:13 How Many Hours Worked Per Day / What Matters Most? / The Past Is Not Fixed 00:48:37 The "Present" Is No Trifling Matter / The TOE Podcast Is Leading Somewhere 00:52:43 Paranormal Experiences / SAFIRE Project / Peterson Λ Kastrup 00:55:11 Upcoming Guests / CE5 / Lazar Coming Up? / The Eclectic Mix of TOE 01:01:44 What is a "Theolocution" / India? Trinidad? 01:08:33 Burger King vs. KFC / What Question Would You Ask Yourself? / Extra Dimensions 01:11:10 What Has Lue Elizondo Seen? / Curt on the Spectrum? / Constructor Theory 01:18:38 Dark Night of the Soul / Steven Greer / UFOs and Religion 01:24:10 Favorite Books / Ego Death / "Open Mindedness" Is Not Always A Virtue 01:30:23 Being Too Hard On Yourself / Self Love / "Language" Is The Problem? 01:39:36 Curt's Furrowed Brows / Verbal IQ / Guitar / Research 01:41:45 Difficulty In Leaving One's Mind / "New" Religion / Time Crystals 01:43:34 What is a "ROE" / Diana Pasulka / Boris' Photoshoot @galacpic 01:51:33 Remaining "True" To TOE / Eric Davis / New Subjects on TOE Channel? 01:58:43 Evidence of UFOs? / E8 / Spacetime Not Fundamental / Enthymemes 02:04:25 TOE on the Road (Live Shows) / How Would Academics React To UFOs Being Real? 02:07:06 Something Interesting You Learned Recently? / Never Lie / Attacking The Trunk 02:16:03 If You Could Have ONE Question Answered, What Would It Be? / Frank Yang 02:18:15 Langan Λ Weinstein / Panic Attacks? / Salvatore Pais Part 2 02:25:19 What Were You Like In High School? / Depression / Mission In Life * * * Just wrapped (April 2021) a documentary called Better Left Unsaid http://betterleftunsaidfilm.com on the topic of "when does the left go too far?" Visit that site if you'd like to watch it. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
This week's episode looks at “All You Need is Love”, the Our World TV special, and the career of the Beatles from April 1966 through August 1967. Click the full post to read liner notes, links to more information, and a transcript of the episode. Patreon backers also have a thirteen-minute bonus episode available, on "Rain" by the Beatles. Tilt Araiza has assisted invaluably by doing a first-pass edit, and will hopefully be doing so from now on. Check out Tilt's irregular podcasts at http://www.podnose.com/jaffa-cakes-for-proust and http://sitcomclub.com/ NB for the first few hours this was up, there was a slight editing glitch. If you downloaded the old version and don't want to redownload the whole thing, just look in the transcript for "Other than fixing John's two flubbed" for the text of the two missing paragraphs. Errata I say "Come Together" was a B-side, but the single was actually a double A-side. Also, I say the Lennon interview by Maureen Cleave appeared in Detroit magazine. That's what my source (Steve Turner's book) says, but someone on Twitter says that rather than Detroit magazine it was the Detroit Free Press. Also at one point I say "the videos for 'Paperback Writer' and 'Penny Lane'". I meant to say "Rain" rather than "Penny Lane" there. Resources No Mixcloud this week due to the number of songs by the Beatles. I have read literally dozens of books on the Beatles, and used bits of information from many of them. All my Beatles episodes refer to: The Complete Beatles Chronicle by Mark Lewisohn, All The Songs: The Stories Behind Every Beatles Release by Jean-Michel Guesdon, And The Band Begins To Play: The Definitive Guide To The Songs of The Beatles by Steve Lambley, The Beatles By Ear by Kevin Moore, Revolution in the Head by Ian MacDonald, and The Beatles Anthology. For this episode, I also referred to Last Interview by David Sheff, a longform interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono from shortly before Lennon's death; Many Years From Now by Barry Miles, an authorised biography of Paul McCartney; and Here, There, and Everywhere: My Life Recording the Music of the Beatles by Geoff Emerick and Howard Massey. Particularly useful this time was Steve Turner's book Beatles '66. I also used Turner's The Beatles: The Stories Behind the Songs 1967-1970. Johnny Rogan's Starmakers and Svengalis had some information on Epstein I hadn't seen anywhere else. Some information about the "Bigger than Jesus" scandal comes from Ward, B. (2012). “The ‘C' is for Christ”: Arthur Unger, Datebook Magazine and the Beatles. Popular Music and Society, 35(4), 541-560. https://doi.org/10.1080/03007766.2011.608978 Information on Robert Stigwood comes from Mr Showbiz by Stephen Dando-Collins. And the quote at the end from Simon Napier-Bell is from You Don't Have to Say You Love Me, which is more entertaining than it is accurate, but is very entertaining. Sadly the only way to get the single mix of "All You Need is Love" is on this ludicrously-expensive out-of-print box set, but the stereo mix is easily available on Magical Mystery Tour. Patreon This podcast is brought to you by the generosity of my backers on Patreon. Why not join them? Transcript A quick note before I start the episode -- this episode deals, in part, with the deaths of three gay men -- one by murder, one by suicide, and one by an accidental overdose, all linked at least in part to societal homophobia. I will try to deal with this as tactfully as I can, but anyone who's upset by those things might want to read the transcript instead of listening to the episode. This is also a very, very, *very* long episode -- this is likely to be the longest episode I *ever* do of this podcast, so settle in. We're going to be here a while. I obviously don't know how long it's going to be while I'm still recording, but based on the word count of my script, probably in the region of three hours. You have been warned. In 1967 the actor Patrick McGoohan was tired. He had been working on the hit series Danger Man for many years -- Danger Man had originally run from 1960 through 1962, then had taken a break, and had come back, retooled, with longer episodes in 1964. That longer series was a big hit, both in the UK and in the US, where it was retitled Secret Agent and had a new theme tune written by PF Sloan and Steve Barri and recorded by Johnny Rivers: [Excerpt: Johnny Rivers, "Secret Agent Man"] But McGoohan was tired of playing John Drake, the agent, and announced he was going to quit the series. Instead, with the help of George Markstein, Danger Man's script editor, he created a totally new series, in which McGoohan would star, and which McGoohan would also write and direct key episodes of. This new series, The Prisoner, featured a spy who is only ever given the name Number Six, and who many fans -- though not McGoohan himself -- took to be the same character as John Drake. Number Six resigns from his job as a secret agent, and is kidnapped and taken to a place known only as The Village -- the series was filmed in Portmeirion, an unusual-looking town in Gwynnedd, in North Wales -- which is full of other ex-agents. There he is interrogated to try to find out why he has quit his job. It's never made clear whether the interrogators are his old employers or their enemies, and there's a certain suggestion that maybe there is no real distinction between the two sides, that they're both running the Village together. He spends the entire series trying to escape, but refuses to explain himself -- and there's some debate among viewers as to whether it's implied or not that part of the reason he doesn't explain himself is that he knows his interrogators wouldn't understand why he quit: [Excerpt: The Prisoner intro, from episode Once Upon a Time, ] Certainly that explanation would fit in with McGoohan's own personality. According to McGoohan, the final episode of The Prisoner was, at the time, the most watched TV show ever broadcast in the UK, as people tuned in to find out the identity of Number One, the person behind the Village, and to see if Number Six would break free. I don't think that's actually the case, but it's what McGoohan always claimed, and it was certainly a very popular series. I won't spoil the ending for those of you who haven't watched it -- it's a remarkable series -- but ultimately the series seems to decide that such questions don't matter and that even asking them is missing the point. It's a work that's open to multiple interpretations, and is left deliberately ambiguous, but one of the messages many people have taken away from it is that not only are we trapped by a society that oppresses us, we're also trapped by our own identities. You can run from the trap that society has placed you in, from other people's interpretations of your life, your work, and your motives, but you ultimately can't run from yourself, and any time you try to break out of a prison, you'll find yourself trapped in another prison of your own making. The most horrifying implication of the episode is that possibly even death itself won't be a release, and you will spend all eternity trying to escape from an identity you're trapped in. Viewers became so outraged, according to McGoohan, that he had to go into hiding for an extended period, and while his later claims that he never worked in Britain again are an exaggeration, it is true that for the remainder of his life he concentrated on doing work in the US instead, where he hadn't created such anger. That final episode of The Prisoner was also the only one to use a piece of contemporary pop music, in two crucial scenes: [Excerpt: The Prisoner, "Fall Out", "All You Need is Love"] Back in October 2020, we started what I thought would be a year-long look at the period from late 1962 through early 1967, but which has turned out for reasons beyond my control to take more like twenty months, with a song which was one of the last of the big pre-Beatles pop hits, though we looked at it after their first single, "Telstar" by the Tornadoes: [Excerpt: The Tornadoes, "Telstar"] There were many reasons for choosing that as one of the bookends for this fifty-episode chunk of the podcast -- you'll see many connections between that episode and this one if you listen to them back-to-back -- but among them was that it's a song inspired by the launch of the first ever communications satellite, and a sign of how the world was going to become smaller as the sixties went on. Of course, to start with communications satellites didn't do much in that regard -- they were expensive to use, and had limited bandwidth, and were only available during limited time windows, but symbolically they meant that for the first time ever, people could see and hear events thousands of miles away as they were happening. It's not a coincidence that Britain and France signed the agreement to develop Concorde, the first supersonic airliner, a month after the first Beatles single and four months after the Telstar satellite was launched. The world was becoming ever more interconnected -- people were travelling faster and further, getting news from other countries quicker, and there was more cultural conversation – and misunderstanding – between countries thousands of miles apart. The Canadian media theorist Marshall McLuhan, the man who also coined the phrase “the medium is the message”, thought that this ever-faster connection would fundamentally change basic modes of thought in the Western world. McLuhan thought that technology made possible whole new modes of thought, and that just as the printing press had, in his view, caused Western liberalism and individualism, so these new electronic media would cause the rise of a new collective mode of thought. In 1962, the year of Concorde, Telstar, and “Love Me Do”, McLuhan wrote a book called The Gutenberg Galaxy, in which he said: “Instead of tending towards a vast Alexandrian library the world has become a computer, an electronic brain, exactly as an infantile piece of science fiction. And as our senses have gone outside us, Big Brother goes inside. So, unless aware of this dynamic, we shall at once move into a phase of panic terrors, exactly befitting a small world of tribal drums, total interdependence, and superimposed co-existence.… Terror is the normal state of any oral society, for in it everything affects everything all the time.…” He coined the term “the Global Village” to describe this new collectivism. The story we've seen over the last fifty episodes is one of a sort of cultural ping-pong between the USA and the UK, with innovations in American music inspiring British musicians, who in turn inspired American ones, whether that being the Beatles covering the Isley Brothers or the Rolling Stones doing a Bobby Womack song, or Paul Simon and Bob Dylan coming over to the UK and learning folk songs and guitar techniques from Martin Carthy. And increasingly we're going to see those influences spread to other countries, and influences coming *from* other countries. We've already seen one Jamaican artist, and the influence of Indian music has become very apparent. While the focus of this series is going to remain principally in the British Isles and North America, rock music was and is a worldwide phenomenon, and that's going to become increasingly a part of the story. And so in this episode we're going to look at a live performance -- well, mostly live -- that was seen by hundreds of millions of people all over the world as it happened, thanks to the magic of satellites: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "All You Need is Love"] When we left the Beatles, they had just finished recording "Tomorrow Never Knows", the most experimental track they had recorded up to that date, and if not the most experimental thing they *ever* recorded certainly in the top handful. But "Tomorrow Never Knows" was only the first track they recorded in the sessions for what would become arguably their greatest album, and certainly the one that currently has the most respect from critics. It's interesting to note that that album could have been very, very, different. When we think of Revolver now, we think of the innovative production of George Martin, and of Geoff Emerick and Ken Townshend's inventive ideas for pushing the sound of the equipment in Abbey Road studios, but until very late in the day the album was going to be recorded in the Stax studios in Memphis, with Steve Cropper producing -- whether George Martin would have been involved or not is something we don't even know. In 1965, the Rolling Stones had, as we've seen, started making records in the US, recording in LA and at the Chess studios in Chicago, and the Yardbirds had also been doing the same thing. Mick Jagger had become a convert to the idea of using American studios and working with American musicians, and he had constantly been telling Paul McCartney that the Beatles should do the same. Indeed, they'd put some feelers out in 1965 about the possibility of the group making an album with Holland, Dozier, and Holland in Detroit. Quite how this would have worked is hard to figure out -- Holland, Dozier, and Holland's skills were as songwriters, and in their work with a particular set of musicians -- so it's unsurprising that came to nothing. But recording at Stax was a different matter. While Steve Cropper was a great songwriter in his own right, he was also adept at getting great sounds on covers of other people's material -- like on Otis Blue, the album he produced for Otis Redding in late 1965, which doesn't include a single Cropper original: [Excerpt: Otis Redding, "Satisfaction"] And the Beatles were very influenced by the records Stax were putting out, often namechecking Wilson Pickett in particular, and during the Rubber Soul sessions they had recorded a "Green Onions" soundalike track, imaginatively titled "12-Bar Original": [Excerpt: The Beatles, "12-Bar Original"] The idea of the group recording at Stax got far enough that they were actually booked in for two weeks starting the ninth of April, and there was even an offer from Elvis to let them stay at Graceland while they recorded, but then a couple of weeks earlier, the news leaked to the press, and Brian Epstein cancelled the booking. According to Cropper, Epstein talked about recording at the Atlantic studios in New York with him instead, but nothing went any further. It's hard to imagine what a Stax-based Beatles album would have been like, but even though it might have been a great album, it certainly wouldn't have been the Revolver we've come to know. Revolver is an unusual album in many ways, and one of the ways it's most distinct from the earlier Beatles albums is the dominance of keyboards. Both Lennon and McCartney had often written at the piano as well as the guitar -- McCartney more so than Lennon, but both had done so regularly -- but up to this point it had been normal for them to arrange the songs for guitars rather than keyboards, no matter how they'd started out. There had been the odd track where one of them, usually Lennon, would play a simple keyboard part, songs like "I'm Down" or "We Can Work it Out", but even those had been guitar records first and foremost. But on Revolver, that changed dramatically. There seems to have been a complex web of cause and effect here. Paul was becoming increasingly interested in moving his basslines away from simple walking basslines and root notes and the other staples of rock and roll basslines up to this point. As the sixties progressed, rock basslines were becoming ever more complex, and Tyler Mahan Coe has made a good case that this is largely down to innovations in production pioneered by Owen Bradley, and McCartney was certainly aware of Bradley's work -- he was a fan of Brenda Lee, who Bradley produced, for example. But the two influences that McCartney has mentioned most often in this regard are the busy, jazz-influenced, basslines that James Jamerson was playing at Motown: [Excerpt: The Four Tops, "It's the Same Old Song"] And the basslines that Brian Wilson was writing for various Wrecking Crew bassists to play for the Beach Boys: [Excerpt: The Beach Boys, "Don't Talk (Put Your Head on My Shoulder)"] Just to be clear, McCartney didn't hear that particular track until partway through the recording of Revolver, when Bruce Johnston visited the UK and brought with him an advance copy of Pet Sounds, but Pet Sounds influenced the later part of Revolver's recording, and Wilson had already started his experiments in that direction with the group's 1965 work. It's much easier to write a song with this kind of bassline, one that's integral to the composition, on the piano than it is to write it on a guitar, as you can work out the bassline with your left hand while working out the chords and melody with your right, so the habit that McCartney had already developed of writing on the piano made this easier. But also, starting with the recording of "Paperback Writer", McCartney switched his style of working in the studio. Where up to this point it had been normal for him to play bass as part of the recording of the basic track, playing with the other Beatles, he now started to take advantage of multitracking to overdub his bass later, so he could spend extra time getting the bassline exactly right. McCartney lived closer to Abbey Road than the other three Beatles, and so could more easily get there early or stay late and tweak his parts. But if McCartney wasn't playing bass while the guitars and drums were being recorded, that meant he could play something else, and so increasingly he would play piano during the recording of the basic track. And that in turn would mean that there wouldn't always *be* a need for guitars on the track, because the harmonic support they would provide would be provided by the piano instead. This, as much as anything else, is the reason that Revolver sounds so radically different to any other Beatles album. Up to this point, with *very* rare exceptions like "Yesterday", every Beatles record, more or less, featured all four of the Beatles playing instruments. Now John and George weren't playing on "Good Day Sunshine" or "For No One", John wasn't playing on "Here, There, and Everywhere", "Eleanor Rigby" features no guitars or drums at all, and George's "Love You To" only features himself, plus a little tambourine from Ringo (Paul recorded a part for that one, but it doesn't seem to appear on the finished track). Of the three songwriting Beatles, the only one who at this point was consistently requiring the instrumental contributions of all the other band members was John, and even he did without Paul on "She Said, She Said", which by all accounts features either John or George on bass, after Paul had a rare bout of unprofessionalism and left the studio. Revolver is still an album made by a group -- and most of those tracks that don't feature John or George instrumentally still feature them vocally -- it's still a collaborative work in all the best ways. But it's no longer an album made by four people playing together in the same room at the same time. After starting work on "Tomorrow Never Knows", the next track they started work on was Paul's "Got to Get You Into My Life", but as it would turn out they would work on that song throughout most of the sessions for the album -- in a sign of how the group would increasingly work from this point on, Paul's song was subject to multiple re-recordings and tweakings in the studio, as he tinkered to try to make it perfect. The first recording to be completed for the album, though, was almost as much of a departure in its own way as "Tomorrow Never Knows" had been. George's song "Love You To" shows just how inspired he was by the music of Ravi Shankar, and how devoted he was to Indian music. While a few months earlier he had just about managed to pick out a simple melody on the sitar for "Norwegian Wood", by this point he was comfortable enough with Indian classical music that I've seen many, many sources claim that an outside session player is playing sitar on the track, though Anil Bhagwat, the tabla player on the track, always insisted that it was entirely Harrison's playing: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Love You To"] There is a *lot* of debate as to whether it's George playing on the track, and I feel a little uncomfortable making a definitive statement in either direction. On the one hand I find it hard to believe that Harrison got that good that quickly on an unfamiliar instrument, when we know he wasn't a naturally facile musician. All the stories we have about his work in the studio suggest that he had to work very hard on his guitar solos, and that he would frequently fluff them. As a technical guitarist, Harrison was only mediocre -- his value lay in his inventiveness, not in technical ability -- and he had been playing guitar for over a decade, but sitar only a few months. There's also some session documentation suggesting that an unknown sitar player was hired. On the other hand there's the testimony of Anil Bhagwat that Harrison played the part himself, and he has been very firm on the subject, saying "If you go on the Internet there are a lot of questions asked about "Love You To". They say 'It's not George playing the sitar'. I can tell you here and now -- 100 percent it was George on sitar throughout. There were no other musicians involved. It was just me and him." And several people who are more knowledgeable than myself about the instrument have suggested that the sitar part on the track is played the way that a rock guitarist would play rather than the way someone with more knowledge of Indian classical music would play -- there's a blues feeling to some of the bends that apparently no genuine Indian classical musician would naturally do. I would suggest that the best explanation is that there's a professional sitar player trying to replicate a part that Harrison had previously demonstrated, while Harrison was in turn trying his best to replicate the sound of Ravi Shankar's work. Certainly the instrumental section sounds far more fluent, and far more stylistically correct, than one would expect: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Love You To"] Where previous attempts at what got called "raga-rock" had taken a couple of surface features of Indian music -- some form of a drone, perhaps a modal scale -- and had generally used a guitar made to sound a little bit like a sitar, or had a sitar playing normal rock riffs, Harrison's song seems to be a genuine attempt to hybridise Indian ragas and rock music, combining the instrumentation, modes, and rhythmic complexity of someone like Ravi Shankar with lyrics that are seemingly inspired by Bob Dylan and a fairly conventional pop song structure (and a tiny bit of fuzz guitar). It's a record that could only be made by someone who properly understood both the Indian music he's emulating and the conventions of the Western pop song, and understood how those conventions could work together. Indeed, one thing I've rarely seen pointed out is how cleverly the album is sequenced, so that "Love You To" is followed by possibly the most conventional song on Revolver, "Here, There, and Everywhere", which was recorded towards the end of the sessions. Both songs share a distinctive feature not shared by the rest of the album, so the two songs can sound more of a pair than they otherwise would, retrospectively making "Love You To" seem more conventional than it is and "Here, There, and Everywhere" more unconventional -- both have as an introduction a separate piece of music that states some of the melodic themes of the rest of the song but isn't repeated later. In the case of "Love You To" it's the free-tempo bit at the beginning, characteristic of a lot of Indian music: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Love You To"] While in the case of "Here, There, and Everywhere" it's the part that mimics an older style of songwriting, a separate intro of the type that would have been called a verse when written by the Gershwins or Cole Porter, but of course in the intervening decades "verse" had come to mean something else, so we now no longer have a specific term for this kind of intro -- but as you can hear, it's doing very much the same thing as that "Love You To" intro: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Here, There, and Everywhere"] In the same day as the group completed "Love You To", overdubbing George's vocal and Ringo's tambourine, they also started work on a song that would show off a lot of the new techniques they had been working on in very different ways. Paul's "Paperback Writer" could indeed be seen as part of a loose trilogy with "Love You To" and "Tomorrow Never Knows", one song by each of the group's three songwriters exploring the idea of a song that's almost all on one chord. Both "Tomorrow Never Knows" and "Love You To" are based on a drone with occasional hints towards moving to one other chord. In the case of "Paperback Writer", the entire song stays on a single chord until the title -- it's on a G7 throughout until the first use of the word "writer", when it quickly goes to a C for two bars. I'm afraid I'm going to have to sing to show you how little the chords actually change, because the riff disguises this lack of movement somewhat, but the melody is also far more horizontal than most of McCartney's, so this shouldn't sound too painful, I hope: [demonstrates] This is essentially the exact same thing that both "Love You To" and "Tomorrow Never Knows" do, and all three have very similarly structured rising and falling modal melodies. There's also a bit of "Paperback Writer" that seems to tie directly into "Love You To", but also points to a possible very non-Indian inspiration for part of "Love You To". The Beach Boys' single "Sloop John B" was released in the UK a couple of days after the sessions for "Paperback Writer" and "Love You To", but it had been released in the US a month before, and the Beatles all got copies of every record in the American top thirty shipped to them. McCartney and Harrison have specifically pointed to it as an influence on "Paperback Writer". "Sloop John B" has a section where all the instruments drop out and we're left with just the group's vocal harmonies: [Excerpt: The Beach Boys, "Sloop John B"] And that seems to have been the inspiration behind the similar moment at a similar point in "Paperback Writer", which is used in place of a middle eight and also used for the song's intro: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Paperback Writer"] Which is very close to what Harrison does at the end of each verse of "Love You To", where the instruments drop out for him to sing a long melismatic syllable before coming back in: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Love You To"] Essentially, other than "Got to Get You Into My Life", which is an outlier and should not be counted, the first three songs attempted during the Revolver sessions are variations on a common theme, and it's a sign that no matter how different the results might sound, the Beatles really were very much a group at this point, and were sharing ideas among themselves and developing those ideas in similar ways. "Paperback Writer" disguises what it's doing somewhat by having such a strong riff. Lennon referred to "Paperback Writer" as "son of 'Day Tripper'", and in terms of the Beatles' singles it's actually their third iteration of this riff idea, which they originally got from Bobby Parker's "Watch Your Step": [Excerpt: Bobby Parker, "Watch Your Step"] Which became the inspiration for "I Feel Fine": [Excerpt: The Beatles, "I Feel Fine"] Which they varied for "Day Tripper": [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Day Tripper"] And which then in turn got varied for "Paperback Writer": [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Paperback Writer"] As well as compositional ideas, there are sonic ideas shared between "Paperback Writer", "Tomorrow Never Knows", and "Love You To", and which would be shared by the rest of the tracks the Beatles recorded in the first half of 1966. Since Geoff Emerick had become the group's principal engineer, they'd started paying more attention to how to get a fuller sound, and so Emerick had miced the tabla on "Love You To" much more closely than anyone would normally mic an instrument from classical music, creating a deep, thudding sound, and similarly he had changed the way they recorded the drums on "Tomorrow Never Knows", again giving a much fuller sound. But the group also wanted the kind of big bass sounds they'd loved on records coming out of America -- sounds that no British studio was getting, largely because it was believed that if you cut too loud a bass sound into a record it would make the needle jump out of the groove. The new engineering team of Geoff Emerick and Ken Scott, though, thought that it was likely you could keep the needle in the groove if you had a smoother frequency response. You could do that if you used a microphone with a larger diaphragm to record the bass, but how could you do that? Inspiration finally struck -- loudspeakers are actually the same thing as microphones wired the other way round, so if you wired up a loudspeaker as if it were a microphone you could get a *really big* speaker, place it in front of the bass amp, and get a much stronger bass sound. The experiment wasn't a total success -- the sound they got had to be processed quite extensively to get rid of room noise, and then compressed in order to further prevent the needle-jumping issue, and so it's a muddier, less defined, tone than they would have liked, but one thing that can't be denied is that "Paperback Writer"'s bass sound is much, much, louder than on any previous Beatles record: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Paperback Writer"] Almost every track the group recorded during the Revolver sessions involved all sorts of studio innovations, though rarely anything as truly revolutionary as the artificial double-tracking they'd used on "Tomorrow Never Knows", and which also appeared on "Paperback Writer" -- indeed, as "Paperback Writer" was released several months before Revolver, it became the first record released to use the technique. I could easily devote a good ten minutes to every track on Revolver, and to "Paperback Writer"s B-side, "Rain", but this is already shaping up to be an extraordinarily long episode and there's a lot of material to get through, so I'll break my usual pattern of devoting a Patreon bonus episode to something relatively obscure, and this week's bonus will be on "Rain" itself. "Paperback Writer", though, deserved the attention here even though it was not one of the group's more successful singles -- it did go to number one, but it didn't hit number one in the UK charts straight away, being kept off the top by "Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra for the first week: [Excerpt: Frank Sinatra, "Strangers in the Night"] Coincidentally, "Strangers in the Night" was co-written by Bert Kaempfert, the German musician who had produced the group's very first recording sessions with Tony Sheridan back in 1961. On the group's German tour in 1966 they met up with Kaempfert again, and John greeted him by singing the first couple of lines of the Sinatra record. The single was the lowest-selling Beatles single in the UK since "Love Me Do". In the US it only made number one for two non-consecutive weeks, with "Strangers in the Night" knocking it off for a week in between. Now, by literally any other band's standards, that's still a massive hit, and it was the Beatles' tenth UK number one in a row (or ninth, depending on which chart you use for "Please Please Me"), but it's a sign that the group were moving out of the first phase of total unequivocal dominance of the charts. It was a turning point in a lot of other ways as well. Up to this point, while the group had been experimenting with different lyrical subjects on album tracks, every single had lyrics about romantic relationships -- with the possible exception of "Help!", which was about Lennon's emotional state but written in such a way that it could be heard as a plea to a lover. But in the case of "Paperback Writer", McCartney was inspired by his Aunt Mill asking him "Why do you write songs about love all the time? Can you ever write about a horse or the summit conference or something interesting?" His response was to think "All right, Aunt Mill, I'll show you", and to come up with a lyric that was very much in the style of the social satires that bands like the Kinks were releasing at the time. People often miss the humour in the lyric for "Paperback Writer", but there's a huge amount of comedy in lyrics about someone writing to a publisher saying they'd written a book based on someone else's book, and one can only imagine the feeling of weary recognition in slush-pile readers throughout the world as they heard the enthusiastic "It's a thousand pages, give or take a few, I'll be writing more in a week or two. I can make it longer..." From this point on, the group wouldn't release a single that was unambiguously about a romantic relationship until "The Ballad of John and Yoko", the last single released while the band were still together. "Paperback Writer" also saw the Beatles for the first time making a promotional film -- what we would now call a rock video -- rather than make personal appearances on TV shows. The film was directed by Michael Lindsay-Hogg, who the group would work with again in 1969, and shows Paul with a chipped front tooth -- he'd been in an accident while riding mopeds with his friend Tara Browne a few months earlier, and hadn't yet got round to having the tooth capped. When he did, the change in his teeth was one of the many bits of evidence used by conspiracy theorists to prove that the real Paul McCartney was dead and replaced by a lookalike. It also marks a change in who the most prominent Beatle on the group's A-sides was. Up to this point, Paul had had one solo lead on an A-side -- "Can't Buy Me Love" -- and everything else had been either a song with multiple vocalists like "Day Tripper" or "Love Me Do", or a song with a clear John lead like "Ticket to Ride" or "I Feel Fine". In the rest of their career, counting "Paperback Writer", the group would release nine new singles that hadn't already been included on an album. Of those nine singles, one was a double A-side with one John song and one Paul song, two had John songs on the A-side, and the other six were Paul. Where up to this point John had been "lead Beatle", for the rest of the sixties, Paul would be the group's driving force. Oddly, Paul got rather defensive about the record when asked about it in interviews after it failed to go straight to the top, saying "It's not our best single by any means, but we're very satisfied with it". But especially in its original mono mix it actually packs a powerful punch: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Paperback Writer"] When the "Paperback Writer" single was released, an unusual image was used in the advertising -- a photo of the Beatles dressed in butchers' smocks, covered in blood, with chunks of meat and the dismembered body parts of baby dolls lying around on them. The image was meant as part of a triptych parodying religious art -- the photo on the left was to be an image showing the four Beatles connected to a woman by an umbilical cord made of sausages, the middle panel was meant to be this image, but with halos added over the Beatles' heads, and the panel on the right was George hammering a nail into John's head, symbolising both crucifixion and that the group were real, physical, people, not just images to be worshipped -- these weren't imaginary nails, and they weren't imaginary people. The photographer Robert Whittaker later said: “I did a photograph of the Beatles covered in raw meat, dolls and false teeth. Putting meat, dolls and false teeth with The Beatles is essentially part of the same thing, the breakdown of what is regarded as normal. The actual conception for what I still call “Somnambulant Adventure” was Moses coming down from Mount Sinai with the Ten Commandments. He comes across people worshipping a golden calf. All over the world I'd watched people worshiping like idols, like gods, four Beatles. To me they were just stock standard normal people. But this emotion that fans poured on them made me wonder where Christianity was heading.” The image wasn't that controversial in the UK, when it was used to advertise "Paperback Writer", but in the US it was initially used for the cover of an album, Yesterday... And Today, which was made up of a few tracks that had been left off the US versions of the Rubber Soul and Help! albums, plus both sides of the "We Can Work It Out"/"Day Tripper" single, and three rough mixes of songs that had been recorded for Revolver -- "Doctor Robert", "And Your Bird Can Sing", and "I'm Only Sleeping", which was the song that sounded most different from the mixes that were finally released: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "I'm Only Sleeping (Yesterday... and Today mix)"] Those three songs were all Lennon songs, which had the unfortunate effect that when the US version of Revolver was brought out later in the year, only two of the songs on the album were by Lennon, with six by McCartney and three by Harrison. Some have suggested that this was the motivation for the use of the butcher image on the cover of Yesterday... And Today -- saying it was the Beatles' protest against Capitol "butchering" their albums -- but in truth it was just that Capitol's art director chose the cover because he liked the image. Alan Livingston, the president of Capitol was not so sure, and called Brian Epstein to ask if the group would be OK with them using a different image. Epstein checked with John Lennon, but Lennon liked the image and so Epstein told Livingston the group insisted on them using that cover. Even though for the album cover the bloodstains on the butchers' smocks were airbrushed out, after Capitol had pressed up a million copies of the mono version of the album and two hundred thousand copies of the stereo version, and they'd sent out sixty thousand promo copies, they discovered that no record shops would stock the album with that cover. It cost Capitol more than two hundred thousand dollars to recall the album and replace the cover with a new one -- though while many of the covers were destroyed, others had the new cover, with a more acceptable photo of the group, pasted over them, and people have later carefully steamed off the sticker to reveal the original. This would not be the last time in 1966 that something that was intended as a statement on religion and the way people viewed the Beatles would cause the group trouble in America. In the middle of the recording sessions for Revolver, the group also made what turned out to be their last ever UK live performance in front of a paying audience. The group had played the NME Poll-Winners' Party every year since 1963, and they were always shows that featured all the biggest acts in the country at the time -- the 1966 show featured, as well as the Beatles and a bunch of smaller acts, the Rolling Stones, the Who, the Yardbirds, Roy Orbison, Cliff Richard and the Shadows, the Seekers, the Small Faces, the Walker Brothers, and Dusty Springfield. Unfortunately, while these events were always filmed for TV broadcast, the Beatles' performance on the first of May wasn't filmed. There are various stories about what happened, but the crux appears to be a disagreement between Andrew Oldham and Brian Epstein, sparked by John Lennon. When the Beatles got to the show, they were upset to discover that they had to wait around before going on stage -- normally, the awards would all be presented at the end, after all the performances, but the Rolling Stones had asked that the Beatles not follow them directly, so after the Stones finished their set, there would be a break for the awards to be given out, and then the Beatles would play their set, in front of an audience that had been bored by twenty-five minutes of awards ceremony, rather than one that had been excited by all the bands that came before them. John Lennon was annoyed, and insisted that the Beatles were going to go on straight after the Rolling Stones -- he seems to have taken this as some sort of power play by the Stones and to have got his hackles up about it. He told Epstein to deal with the people from the NME. But the NME people said that they had a contract with Andrew Oldham, and they weren't going to break it. Oldham refused to change the terms of the contract. Lennon said that he wasn't going to go on stage if they didn't directly follow the Stones. Maurice Kinn, the publisher of the NME, told Epstein that he wasn't going to break the contract with Oldham, and that if the Beatles didn't appear on stage, he would get Jimmy Savile, who was compering the show, to go out on stage and tell the ten thousand fans in the audience that the Beatles were backstage refusing to appear. He would then sue NEMS for breach of contract *and* NEMS would be liable for any damage caused by the rioting that was sure to happen. Lennon screamed a lot of abuse at Kinn, and told him the group would never play one of their events again, but the group did go on stage -- but because they hadn't yet signed the agreement to allow their performance to be filmed, they refused to allow it to be recorded. Apparently Andrew Oldham took all this as a sign that Epstein was starting to lose control of the group. Also during May 1966 there were visits from musicians from other countries, continuing the cultural exchange that was increasingly influencing the Beatles' art. Bruce Johnston of the Beach Boys came over to promote the group's new LP, Pet Sounds, which had been largely the work of Brian Wilson, who had retired from touring to concentrate on working in the studio. Johnston played the record for John and Paul, who listened to it twice, all the way through, in silence, in Johnston's hotel room: [Excerpt: The Beach Boys, "God Only Knows"] According to Johnston, after they'd listened through the album twice, they went over to a piano and started whispering to each other, picking out chords. Certainly the influence of Pet Sounds is very noticeable on songs like "Here, There, and Everywhere", written and recorded a few weeks after this meeting: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "Here, There, and Everywhere"] That track, and the last track recorded for the album, "She Said She Said" were unusual in one very important respect -- they were recorded while the Beatles were no longer under contract to EMI Records. Their contract expired on the fifth of June, 1966, and they finished Revolver without it having been renewed -- it would be several months before their new contract was signed, and it's rather lucky for music lovers that Brian Epstein was the kind of manager who considered personal relationships and basic honour and decency more important than the legal niceties, unlike any other managers of the era, otherwise we would not have Revolver in the form we know it today. After the meeting with Johnston, but before the recording of those last couple of Revolver tracks, the Beatles also met up again with Bob Dylan, who was on a UK tour with a new, loud, band he was working with called The Hawks. While the Beatles and Dylan all admired each other, there was by this point a lot of wariness on both sides, especially between Lennon and Dylan, both of them very similar personality types and neither wanting to let their guard down around the other or appear unhip. There's a famous half-hour-long film sequence of Lennon and Dylan sharing a taxi, which is a fascinating, excruciating, example of two insecure but arrogant men both trying desperately to impress the other but also equally desperate not to let the other know that they want to impress them: [Excerpt: Dylan and Lennon taxi ride] The day that was filmed, Lennon and Harrison also went to see Dylan play at the Royal Albert Hall. This tour had been controversial, because Dylan's band were loud and raucous, and Dylan's fans in the UK still thought of him as a folk musician. At one gig, earlier on the tour, an audience member had famously yelled out "Judas!" -- (just on the tiny chance that any of my listeners don't know that, Judas was the disciple who betrayed Jesus to the authorities, leading to his crucifixion) -- and that show was for many years bootlegged as the "Royal Albert Hall" show, though in fact it was recorded at the Free Trade Hall in Manchester. One of the *actual* Royal Albert Hall shows was released a few years ago -- the one the night before Lennon and Harrison saw Dylan: [Excerpt: Bob Dylan, "Like a Rolling Stone", Royal Albert Hall 1966] The show Lennon and Harrison saw would be Dylan's last for many years. Shortly after returning to the US, Dylan was in a motorbike accident, the details of which are still mysterious, and which some fans claim was faked altogether. The accident caused him to cancel all the concert dates he had booked, and devote himself to working in the studio for several years just like Brian Wilson. And from even further afield than America, Ravi Shankar came over to Britain, to work with his friend the violinist Yehudi Menuhin, on a duet album, West Meets East, that was an example in the classical world of the same kind of international cross-fertilisation that was happening in the pop world: [Excerpt: Yehudi Menuhin and Ravi Shankar, "Prabhati (based on Raga Gunkali)"] While he was in the UK, Shankar also performed at the Royal Festival Hall, and George Harrison went to the show. He'd seen Shankar live the year before, but this time he met up with him afterwards, and later said "He was the first person that impressed me in a way that was beyond just being a famous celebrity. Ravi was my link to the Vedic world. Ravi plugged me into the whole of reality. Elvis impressed me when I was a kid, and impressed me when I met him, but you couldn't later on go round to him and say 'Elvis, what's happening with the universe?'" After completing recording and mixing the as-yet-unnamed album, which had been by far the longest recording process of their career, and which still nearly sixty years later regularly tops polls of the best album of all time, the Beatles took a well-earned break. For a whole two days, at which point they flew off to Germany to do a three-day tour, on their way to Japan, where they were booked to play five shows at the Budokan. Unfortunately for the group, while they had no idea of this when they were booked to do the shows, many in Japan saw the Budokan as sacred ground, and they were the first ever Western group to play there. This led to numerous death threats and loud protests from far-right activists offended at the Beatles defiling their religious and nationalistic sensibilities. As a result, the police were on high alert -- so high that there were three thousand police in the audience for the shows, in a venue which only held ten thousand audience members. That's according to Mark Lewisohn's Complete Beatles Chronicle, though I have to say that the rather blurry footage of the audience in the video of those shows doesn't seem to show anything like those numbers. But frankly I'll take Lewisohn's word over that footage, as he's not someone to put out incorrect information. The threats to the group also meant that they had to be kept in their hotel rooms at all times except when actually performing, though they did make attempts to get out. At the press conference for the Tokyo shows, the group were also asked publicly for the first time their views on the war in Vietnam, and John replied "Well, we think about it every day, and we don't agree with it and we think that it's wrong. That's how much interest we take. That's all we can do about it... and say that we don't like it". I say they were asked publicly for the first time, because George had been asked about it for a series of interviews Maureen Cleave had done with the group a couple of months earlier, as we'll see in a bit, but nobody was paying attention to those interviews. Brian Epstein was upset that the question had gone to John. He had hoped that the inevitable Vietnam question would go to Paul, who he thought might be a bit more tactful. The last thing he needed was John Lennon saying something that would upset the Americans before their tour there a few weeks later. Luckily, people in America seemed to have better things to do than pay attention to John Lennon's opinions. The support acts for the Japanese shows included several of the biggest names in Japanese rock music -- or "group sounds" as the genre was called there, Japanese people having realised that trying to say the phrase "rock and roll" would open them up to ridicule given that it had both "r" and "l" sounds in the phrase. The man who had coined the term "group sounds", Jackey Yoshikawa, was there with his group the Blue Comets, as was Isao Bito, who did a rather good cover version of Cliff Richard's "Dynamite": [Excerpt: Isao Bito, "Dynamite"] Bito, the Blue Comets, and the other two support acts, Yuya Uchida and the Blue Jeans, all got together to perform a specially written song, "Welcome Beatles": [Excerpt: "Welcome Beatles" ] But while the Japanese audience were enthusiastic, they were much less vocal about their enthusiasm than the audiences the Beatles were used to playing for. The group were used, of course, to playing in front of hordes of screaming teenagers who could not hear a single note, but because of the fear that a far-right terrorist would assassinate one of the group members, the police had imposed very, very, strict rules on the audience. Nobody in the audience was allowed to get out of their seat for any reason, and the police would clamp down very firmly on anyone who was too demonstrative. Because of that, the group could actually hear themselves, and they sounded sloppy as hell, especially on the newer material. Not that there was much of that. The only song they did from the Revolver sessions was "Paperback Writer", the new single, and while they did do a couple of tracks from Rubber Soul, those were under-rehearsed. As John said at the start of this tour, "I can't play any of Rubber Soul, it's so unrehearsed. The only time I played any of the numbers on it was when I recorded it. I forget about songs. They're only valid for a certain time." That's certainly borne out by the sound of their performances of Rubber Soul material at the Budokan: [Excerpt: The Beatles, "If I Needed Someone (live at the Budokan)"] It was while they were in Japan as well that they finally came up with the title for their new album. They'd been thinking of all sorts of ideas, like Abracadabra and Magic Circle, and tossing names around with increasing desperation for several days -- at one point they seem to have just started riffing on other groups' albums, and seem to have apparently seriously thought about naming the record in parodic tribute to their favourite artists -- suggestions included The Beatles On Safari, after the Beach Boys' Surfin' Safari (and possibly with a nod to their recent Pet Sounds album cover with animals, too), The Freewheelin' Beatles, after Dylan's second album, and my favourite, Ringo's suggestion After Geography, for the Rolling Stones' Aftermath. But eventually Paul came up with Revolver -- like Rubber Soul, a pun, in this case because the record itself revolves when on a turntable. Then it was off to the Philippines, and if the group thought Japan had been stressful, they had no idea what was coming. The trouble started in the Philippines from the moment they stepped off the plane, when they were bundled into a car without Neil Aspinall or Brian Epstein, and without their luggage, which was sent to customs. This was a problem in itself -- the group had got used to essentially being treated like diplomats, and to having their baggage let through customs without being searched, and so they'd started freely carrying various illicit substances with them. This would obviously be a problem -- but as it turned out, this was just to get a "customs charge" paid by Brian Epstein. But during their initial press conference the group were worried, given the hostility they'd faced from officialdom, that they were going to be arrested during the conference itself. They were asked what they would tell the Rolling Stones, who were going to be visiting the Philippines shortly after, and Lennon just said "We'll warn them". They also asked "is there a war on in the Philippines? Why is everybody armed?" At this time, the Philippines had a new leader, Ferdinand Marcos -- who is not to be confused with his son, Ferdinand Marcos Jr, also known as Bongbong Marcos, who just became President-Elect there last month. Marcos Sr was a dictatorial kleptocrat, one of the worst leaders of the latter half of the twentieth century, but that wasn't evident yet. He'd been elected only a few months earlier, and had presented himself as a Kennedy-like figure -- a young man who was also a war hero. He'd recently switched parties from the Liberal party to the right-wing Nacionalista Party, but wasn't yet being thought of as the monstrous dictator he later became. The person organising the Philippines shows had been ordered to get the Beatles to visit Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos at 11AM on the day of the show, but for some reason had instead put on their itinerary just the *suggestion* that the group should meet the Marcoses, and had put the time down as 3PM, and the Beatles chose to ignore that suggestion -- they'd refused to do that kind of government-official meet-and-greet ever since an incident in 1964 at the British Embassy in Washington where someone had cut off a bit of Ringo's hair. A military escort turned up at the group's hotel in the morning, to take them for their meeting. The group were all still in their rooms, and Brian Epstein was still eating breakfast and refused to disturb them, saying "Go back and tell the generals we're not coming." The group gave their performances as scheduled, but meanwhile there was outrage at the way the Beatles had refused to meet the Marcos family, who had brought hundreds of children -- friends of their own children, and relatives of top officials -- to a party to meet the group. Brian Epstein went on TV and tried to smooth things over, but the broadcast was interrupted by static and his message didn't get through to anyone. The next day, the group's security was taken away, as were the cars to take them to the airport. When they got to the airport, the escalators were turned off and the group were beaten up at the arrangement of the airport manager, who said in 1984 "I beat up the Beatles. I really thumped them. First I socked Epstein and he went down... then I socked Lennon and Ringo in the face. I was kicking them. They were pleading like frightened chickens. That's what happens when you insult the First Lady." Even on the plane there were further problems -- Brian Epstein and the group's road manager Mal Evans were both made to get off the plane to sort out supposed financial discrepancies, which led to them worrying that they were going to be arrested or worse -- Evans told the group to tell his wife he loved her as he left the plane. But eventually, they were able to leave, and after a brief layover in India -- which Ringo later said was the first time he felt he'd been somewhere truly foreign, as opposed to places like Germany or the USA which felt basically like home -- they got back to England: [Excerpt: "Ordinary passenger!"] When asked what they were going to do next, George replied “We're going to have a couple of weeks to recuperate before we go and get beaten up by the Americans,” The story of the "we're bigger than Jesus" controversy is one of the most widely misreported events in the lives of the Beatles, which is saying a great deal. One book that I've encountered, and one book only, Steve Turner's Beatles '66, tells the story of what actually happened, and even that book seems to miss some emphases. I've pieced what follows together from Turner's book and from an academic journal article I found which has some more detail. As far as I can tell, every single other book on the Beatles released up to this point bases their account of the story on an inaccurate press statement put out by Brian Epstein, not on the truth. Here's the story as it's generally told. John Lennon gave an interview to his friend, Maureen Cleave of the Evening Standard, during which he made some comments about how it was depressing that Christianity was losing relevance in the eyes of the public, and that the Beatles are more popular than Jesus, speaking casually because he was talking to a friend. That story was run in the Evening Standard more-or-less unnoticed, but then an American teen magazine picked up on the line about the Beatles being bigger than Jesus, reprinted chunks of the interview out of context and without the Beatles' knowledge or permission, as a way to stir up controversy, and there was an outcry, with people burning Beatles records and death threats from the Ku Klux Klan. That's... not exactly what happened. The first thing that you need to understand to know what happened is that Datebook wasn't a typical teen magazine. It *looked* just like a typical teen magazine, certainly, and much of its content was the kind of thing that you would get in Tiger Beat or any of the other magazines aimed at teenage girls -- the September 1966 issue was full of articles like "Life with the Walker Brothers... by their Road Manager", and interviews with the Dave Clark Five -- but it also had a long history of publishing material that was intended to make its readers think about social issues of the time, particularly Civil Rights. Arthur Unger, the magazine's editor and publisher, was a gay man in an interracial relationship, and while the subject of homosexuality was too taboo in the late fifties and sixties for him to have his magazine cover that, he did regularly include articles decrying segregation and calling for the girls reading the magazine to do their part on a personal level to stamp out racism. Datebook had regularly contained articles like one from 1963 talking about how segregation wasn't just a problem in the South, saying "If we are so ‘integrated' why must men in my own city of Philadelphia, the city of Brotherly Love, picket city hall because they are discriminated against when it comes to getting a job? And how come I am still unable to take my dark- complexioned friends to the same roller skating rink or swimming pool that I attend?” One of the writers for the magazine later said “We were much more than an entertainment magazine . . . . We tried to get kids involved in social issues . . . . It was a well-received magazine, recommended by libraries and schools, but during the Civil Rights period we did get pulled off a lot of stands in the South because of our views on integration” Art Unger, the editor and publisher, wasn't the only one pushing this liberal, integrationist, agenda. The managing editor at the time, Danny Fields, was another gay man who wanted to push the magazine even further than Unger, and who would later go on to manage the Stooges and the Ramones, being credited by some as being the single most important figure in punk rock's development, and being immortalised by the Ramones in their song "Danny Says": [Excerpt: The Ramones, "Danny Says"] So this was not a normal teen magazine, and that's certainly shown by the cover of the September 1966 issue, which as well as talking about the interviews with John Lennon and Paul McCartney inside, also advertised articles on Timothy Leary advising people to turn on, tune in, and drop out; an editorial about how interracial dating must be the next step after desegregation of schools, and a piece on "the ten adults you dig/hate the most" -- apparently the adult most teens dug in 1966 was Jackie Kennedy, the most hated was Barry Goldwater, and President Johnson, Billy Graham, and Martin Luther King appeared in the top ten on both lists. Now, in the early part of the year Maureen Cleave had done a whole series of articles on the Beatles -- double-page spreads on each band member, plus Brian Epstein, visiting them in their own homes (apart from Paul, who she met at a restaurant) and discussing their daily lives, their thoughts, and portraying them as rounded individuals. These articles are actually fascinating, because of something that everyone who met the Beatles in this period pointed out. When interviewed separately, all of them came across as thoughtful individuals, with their own opinions about all sorts of subjects, and their own tastes and senses of humour. But when two or more of them were together -- especially when John and Paul were interviewed together, but even in social situations, they would immediately revert to flip in-jokes and riffing on each other's statements, never revealing anything about themselves as individuals, but just going into Beatle mode -- simultaneously preserving the band's image, closing off outsiders, *and* making sure they didn't do or say anything that would get them mocked by the others. Cleave, as someone who actually took them all seriously, managed to get some very revealing information about all of them. In the article on Ringo, which is the most superficial -- one gets the impression that Cleave found him rather difficult to talk to when compared to the other, more verbally facile, band members -- she talked about how he had a lot of Wild West and military memorabilia, how he was a devoted family man and also devoted to his friends -- he had moved to the suburbs to be close to John and George, who already lived there. The most revealing quote about Ringo's personality was him saying "Of course that's the great thing about being married -- you have a house to sit in and company all the time. And you can still go to clubs, a bonus for being married. I love being a family man." While she looked at the other Beatles' tastes in literature in detail, she'd noted that the only books Ringo owned that weren't just for show were a few science fiction paperbacks, but that as he said "I'm not thick, it's just that I'm not educated. People can use words and I won't know what they mean. I say 'me' instead of 'my'." Ringo also didn't have a drum kit at home, saying he only played when he was on stage or in the studio, and that you couldn't practice on your own, you needed to play with other people. In the article on George, she talked about how he was learning the sitar, and how he was thinking that it might be a good idea to go to India to study the sitar with Ravi Shankar for six months. She also talks about how during the interview, he played the guitar pretty much constantly, playing everything from songs from "Hello Dolly" to pieces by Bach to "the Trumpet Voluntary", by which she presumably means Clarke's "Prince of Denmark's March": [Excerpt: Jeremiah Clarke, "Prince of Denmark's March"] George was also the most outspoken on the subjects of politics, religion, and society, linking the ongoing war in Vietnam with the UK's reverence for the Second World War, saying "I think about it every day and it's wrong. Anything to do with war is wrong. They're all wrapped up in their Nelsons and their Churchills and their Montys -- always talking about war heroes. Look at All Our Yesterdays [a show on ITV that showed twenty-five-year-old newsreels] -- how we killed a few more Huns here and there. Makes me sick. They're the sort who are leaning on their walking sticks and telling us a few years in the army would do us good." He also had very strong words to say about religion, saying "I think religion falls flat on its face. All this 'love thy neighbour' but none of them are doing it. How can anybody get into the position of being Pope and accept all the glory and the money and the Mercedes-Benz and that? I could never be Pope until I'd sold my rich gates and my posh hat. I couldn't sit there with all that money on me and believe I was religious. Why can't we bring all this out in the open? Why is there all this stuff about blasphemy? If Christianity's as good as they say it is, it should stand up to a bit of discussion." Harrison also comes across as a very private person, saying "People keep saying, ‘We made you what you are,' well, I made Mr. Hovis what he is and I don't go round crawling over his gates and smashing up the wall round his house." (Hovis is a British company that makes bread and wholegrain flour). But more than anything else he comes across as an instinctive anti-authoritarian, being angry at bullying teachers, Popes, and Prime Ministers. McCartney's profile has him as the most self-consciously arty -- he talks about the plays of Alfred Jarry and the music of Karlheinz Stockhausen and Luciano Berio: [Excerpt: Luciano Berio, "Momenti (for magnetic tape)"] Though he was very worried that he might be sounding a little too pretentious, saying “I don't want to sound like Jonathan Miller going on" --